Sample records for cgeh-1 coso hot

  1. Coso Hot Springs: A Condensate Fed Geothermal Feature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Person; D. Cohen; A. Sabin; J. Unruh; C. Gable; G. Zyvoloski; D. Meade; S. Bjornstad; F. Monastero

    2007-01-01

    The Coso Hot Springs are located almost two miles from the Coso geothermal field within the China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California. The hot springs are about 16 m above the adjacent valley floor and because of their position are not believed to be in good hydrologic connection with the regional groundwater water table. Shortly after the

  2. Significant role of climatic trends on hydrothermal activity Coso Hot Springs, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ben E. Lofgren

    1990-01-01

    The hydrothermal features of Coso Hot Springs have attracted visitors for 130 yr and scientific investigators for two decades. In 1978, anticipating effects of major geothermal developments nearby, the Naval Weapons Center (NWC) initiated a comprehensive monitoring program at a dozen hydrothermal sites in the Coso Hot Springs area. Nine years of monitoring preceded power production in the nearby Coso

  3. Variation in sericite compositions from fracture zones within the Coso Hot Springs geothermal system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara P. Bishop; Dennis K. Bird

    1987-01-01

    Two types of white micas are found in drillhole samples within the geothermal system at Coso Hot Springs. Low-permeability zones of the crystalline basement contain coarse-grained relict muscovite, whereas rock alteration near fracture zones at temperatures > 150°C is characterized by abundant finegrained sericite in association with secondary calcite and quartz and unaltered relict microcline. In this hydrothermal sericite there

  4. Three-dimensional Q-1 model of the Coso Hot Springs known geothermal resource area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chi-Yuh Young; Ronald W. Ward

    1980-01-01

    Observations of teleseismic P waves above geothermal systems exhibit travel time delays and anomalously high seismic attenuation, which is extremely useful in estimating the thermal regime and the potential of the system. A regional telemetered network of sixteen stations was operated by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Coso Hot Springs Known Geothermal Resources Area (KGRA) for such studies from

  5. Correlation of hydrothermal sericite composition with permeability and temperature, Coso Hot Springs geothermal field, Inyo County, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. P. Bishop; D. K. Bird

    1985-01-01

    Petrographic and geochemical analyses of cuttings from six wells in the Coso Hot Springs geothermal field show a systematic variation in the occurrence, texture, and composition of sericite that can be correlated with high permeability production zones and temperature. The wells studied intersect rhyolitic dikes and sills in the fractured granitic and dioritic basement rocks which serve as the reservoir

  6. Coso Volcanic Field Tumulus

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A tumulus in the Coso Volcanic Field, California. This lava was probably more viscous than the lava found in the Hawaii tumuli. Tumuli are structures usually associated with slow-moving flows. When the top of the flow crusts over, the lava beneath can well upward and create an elliptical, domed str...

  7. Absence of dynamic triggering inside the Coso geothermal field following the 1992 Mw7.3 Landers earthquake: an indication of low pore pressure?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Q.; Lin, G.; Zhan, Z.

    2013-12-01

    Geothermal fields are often considered to be susceptible to dynamic triggering because they are likely to be at near-critical stress state and involved with fluid movement in tectonically active extensional regimes. The 1992 Mw7.3 Landers earthquake dynamically triggered widespread earthquakes, especially at active geothermal areas, such as Long Valley, the Geysers and Coso (Hill et al., 1993). Dynamic triggering in Coso, southern California, is often referred to the broad area around the geothermal field. In this study, we investigate the spatial distribution of triggered events in Coso following the Landers earthquake and find no triggered events inside the geothermal field. The Coso geothermal production area is around 6*10 km2, confined between the Coso Hot Springs and the Sugarloaf Mountain. We estimate the b-value and completeness magnitude from a relocation catalog in the geothermal field to be 1.09 and M1.0, respectively. Based on the relocations for events above magnitude 1.0, we select seven small areas to compare the seismicity rate before and after the Landers earthquake. No seismicity was detected inside the geothermal field within 30 days after the Landers earthquake, whereas the surrounding fault zones outside of the geothermal field display strong elevated seismicity rate, including a segment of the Airport Lake Fault zone where the background seismicity was low before the Landers earthquake. The production area lacking of triggered events correlates with strong subsidence from the InSAR study by Fialko and Simons (2000), which may indicate low pore pressure in the area. This observation is further supported by the low Vp/Vs ratios from our recent 3D tomography model since Vp/Vs ratio decreases with pore pressure reduction (Ito et al., 1979, Christensen, 1984). Our results imply that the geothermal production of hot water and steam in Coso may have decreased the pore pressure and brought the stress state away from the critical state.

  8. The Coso Geothermal Area: A Laboratory for Advanced MEQ Studies

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    - 1 - The Coso Geothermal Area: A Laboratory for Advanced MEQ Studies for Geothermal Monitoring-Dinger Geothermal Program Office, U. S. Navy, China Lake, CA 93555-6001 Keith.Richards-Dinge@navy.mil Keywords of three-component digital seismometers at the Coso geothermal area, California, supplemented by 14

  9. Seismicity of the Coso Range, California

    SciTech Connect

    Walter, A.W.; Weaver, C.S.

    1980-05-10

    A 16-station seismographic network, approximately 40 km north-south by 30 km east-west, was installed in the Coso Range, California, in September 1975 as part of a geological and geophysical assessment of the geothermal resource potential of range. During the first 2 years of network operations, 4216 local earthquakes (0.5< or =m< or =3.9) defined zones of seismicity that strike radially outward from a Pleistocene rhyolite field located near the center of the Coso Range. Most earthquakes were located in zones showing a general northwest trend across the range. Six earthquake swarms occurred within the area that includes the rhyolite field. Fault plane solutions show regional north-south compression: earthquakes located in northwest striking zones generally had right lateral strike slip focal mechanisms, those in northeast striking zones left lateral strike slip focal mechanisms, and those in north-south striking zones both normal and strike slip focal mechanisms. Earthquake depths showed little variation across the Coso Range; the depth distribution is similar to that of several carefully studied segments of the central San Andreas fault. The b value calculated for the entire range is 0.99 +- 0.08. The rhyolite field has a significantly higher b value of 1.26 +- 0.16; if only the shallow events (depth <5 km) are used in the calculation, the b value for this area becomes even higher, 1.34 +- 0.24. The higher b values were interpreted as reflecting the existence of short average fault lengths (<5 km) within the rhyolite field. The seismic data and other data suggest that the fault system lying between the rhyolite field and the adjacent Coso Basin is an important tectonic boundary. Present information is insufficient to determine the geothermal production capability of this fault system, but is does suggest that the system is a good target for further exploration.

  10. The coso EGS project - Recent developments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rose, P.; Sheridan, J.; McCulloch, J.; Moore, J.N.; Kovac, K.; Weidler, R.; Hickman, S.

    2005-01-01

    An Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) field experiment will be conducted to hydraulically stimulate injection well 34-9RD2, located on the east flank of the Coso geothermal reservoir, with the objective of increasing the injection rate of this well to 750 gpm at a wellhead pressure of 100 psi or less. The stimulation of this well is expected to create hydraulic communication with the recently drilled production well 38C-9, which is directly south of 34-9RD2. We summarize the results of fracture and stress analyses based upon borehole image logs of 38C-9; petrographic and petrologic analyses of cuttings from both the injection well 34-9RD2 and the production well 38C-9; and plans for the redrilling and stimulation of 34-9RD2.

  11. The Coso EGS project - Recent developments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rose, P.; Sheridan, J.; McCulloch, J.; Moore, J.N.; Kovac, K.; Spielman, P.; Weidler, R.; Hickman, S.

    2004-01-01

    An Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) field experiment will be conducted to hydraulically stimulate injection well 34-9RD2, located on the east flank of the Coso geothermal reservoir, with the objective of increasing the injection rate of this well to 750 gpm at a wellhead pressure of 100 psi or less. The stimulation of this well is expected to create hydraulic communication with the recently drilled production well 38C-9, which is directly south of 34-9RD2. We summarize the results of fracture and stress analyses based upon borehole image logs of 38C-9; petrographic and petrologic analyses of cuttings from both the injection well 34-9RD2 and the production well 38C-9; and plans for the redrilling and stimulation of 34-9RD2.

  12. A gravity model for the Coso geothermal area, California

    SciTech Connect

    Feighner, M.A.; Goldstein, N.E.

    1990-08-01

    Two- and three-dimensional gravity modeling was done using gridded Bouguer gravity data covering a 45 {times} 45 km region over the Coso geothermal area in an effort to identify features related to the heat source and to seek possible evidence for an underlying magma chamber. Isostatic and terrain corrected Bouguer gravity data for about 1300 gravity stations were obtained from the US Geological Survey. After the data were checked, the gravity values were gridded at 1 km centers for the area of interest centered on the Coso volcanic field. Most of the gravity variations can be explained by two lithologic units: (1) low density wedges of Quarternary alluvium with interbedded thin basalts (2.4 g/cm{sup 3}) filling the Rose Valley and Coso Basin/Indian Wells Valley, and (2) low density cover of Tertiary volcanic rocks and intercalated Coso Formation (2.49 g/cm{sup 3}). A 3-D iterative approach was used to find the thicknesses of both units. The gravity anomaly remaining after effects from Units 1 and 2 are removed is a broad north-south-trending low whose major peak lies 5 km north of Sugarloaf Mountain, the largest of the less than 0.3 m.y. old rhyolite domes in the Coso Range. Most of this residual anomaly can be accounted for by a deep, low-density (2.47 g/cm{sup 3}) prismatic body extending from 8 to about 30 km below the surface. While some of this anomaly might be associated with fractured Sierran granitic rocks, its close correlation to a low-velocity zone with comparable geometry suggests that the residual anomaly is probably caused a large zone of partial melt underlying the rhyolite domes of the Coso Range. 12 refs., 9 figs.

  13. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric characterization of the Coso geothermal field

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory A. Newman; Erika Gasperikova; G. Michael Hoversten; Philip E. Wannamaker

    2008-01-01

    A dense grid of 125 magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Coso geothermal system, CA, USA. Due to production related electromagnetic (EM) noise the permanent observatory at Parkfield, CA was used as a remote reference to suppress this cultural EM noise interference. These data have

  14. Microseismicity, stress, and fracture in the Coso geothermal field, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qiuchun Feng; Jonathan M Lees

    1998-01-01

    Microseismicity, stress, and fracture in the Coso geothermal field are investigated using seismicity, focal mechanisms and stress analysis. Comparison of hypocenters of microearthquakes with locations of development wells indicates that microseismic activity has increased since the commencement of fluid injection and circulation. Microearthquakes in the geothermal field are proposed as indicators of shear fracturing associated with fluid injection and circulation

  15. COSO: A Brief Overview Council on Student Organizations

    E-print Network

    Shepherd, Simon

    for domain hosting, web design, and give you $100 if no paper copies are printed. · Any leftover money must be returned to COSO. #12;Food Guidelines · 4 regularly scheduled events with food (lunch, dinner, etc...) per term where appropriate. · $7 per person for catered food · $8 per person for cooking OR · $3 per person

  16. S-wave Anisotropy and Crack Distribution at the Coso Geothermal Field, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Vlahovic; M. Elkibbi; J. A. Rial

    2001-01-01

    The Coso geothermal area is located along the eastern front of Sierra Nevada, in the southwestern Basin and Range Province. Seismic activity averaging more than 20 microearthquakes per day is the result of both regional tectonics and geothermal production activity [Malin, 1994]. Microseismicity is monitored by the Coso Digital Downhole Seismic Network (CDDSN) recording at 2 ms sampling rate. Continuous

  17. Magmatic inclusions in rhyolites, contaminated basalts, and compositional zonation beneath the Coso volcanic field, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles R. Bacon; Jenny Metz

    1984-01-01

    Basaltic lava flows and high-silica rhyolite domes form the Pleistocene part of the Coso volcanic field in southeastern California. The distribution of vents maps the areal zonation inferred for the upper parts of the Coso magmatic system. Subalkalic basalts (2) were erupted well away from the rhyolite field at any given time. Compositional variation among these basalts can be ascribed

  18. Physical properties of two core samples from Well 34-9RD2 at the Coso geothermal field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Morrow, C.A.; Lockner, D.A.

    2006-01-01

    The Coso geothermal field, located along the Eastern California Shear Zone, is composed of fractured granitic rocks above a shallow heat source. Temperatures exceed 640 ?F (~338 ?C) at a depth of less than 10000 feet (3 km). Permeability varies throughout the geothermal field due to the competing processes of alteration and mineral precipitation, acting to reduce the interconnectivity of faults and fractures, and the generation of new fractures through faulting and brecciation. Currently, several hot regions display very low permeability, not conducive to the efficient extraction of heat. Because high rates of seismicity in the field indicate that the area is highly stressed, enhanced permeability can be stimulated by increasing the fluid pressure at depth to induce faulting along the existing network of fractures. Such an Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS), planned for well 46A-19RD, would greatly facilitate the extraction of geothermal fluids from depth by increasing the extent and depth of the fracture network. In order to prepare for and interpret data from such a stimulation experiment, the physical properties and failure behavior of the target rocks must be fully understood. Various diorites and granodiorites are the predominant rock types in the target area of the well, which will be pressurized from 10000 feet measured depth (MD) (3048m MD) to the bottom of the well at 13,000 feet MD (3962 m MD). Because there are no core rocks currently available from well 46A-19RD, we report here on the results of compressive strength, frictional sliding behavior, and elastic measurements of a granodiorite and diorite from another well, 34-9RD2, at the Coso site. Rocks cored from well 34-9RD2 are the deepest samples to date available for testing, and are representative of rocks from the field in general.

  19. Volatile compositions of melt inclusions in Coso Range Rhyolite

    SciTech Connect

    Blouke, K.J. (Caltech, Pasadena, CA (United States))

    1993-04-01

    Dissolved water and carbon dioxide concentrations were measured in melt inclusions in quartz phenocrysts from rhyolite domes and lava flows in the Coso volcanic field to determine pre-eruptive volatile content of the magma. Inclusions roughly 50--100 microns in diameter were analyzed for dissolved water and carbon dioxide using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The glasses have a total water concentration ranging from four to six weight percent and no detectable carbon dioxide. Vapor bubbles in the inclusions about 10--40 microns in diameter were also analyzed for their volatile composition. The spectra show no evidence for carbon dioxide, although significant water is observed. If the melt inclusions were saturated at the time of entrapment, then crystallization occurred between 1,200 and 2,100 bars pressure or greater than 4 kilometers depth.

  20. Attenuation and source properties at the Coso Geothermal area, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hough, S.E.; Lees, J.M.; Monastero, F.

    1999-01-01

    We use a multiple-empirical Green's function method to determine source properties of small (M -0.4 to 1.3) earthquakes and P- and S-wave attenuation at the Coso Geothermal Field, California. Source properties of a previously identified set of clustered events from the Coso geothermal region are first analyzed using an empirical Green's function (EGF) method. Stress-drop values of at least 0.5-1 MPa are inferred for all of the events; in many cases, the corner frequency is outside the usable bandwidth, and the stress drop can only be constrained as being higher than 3 MPa. P- and S-wave stress-drop estimates are identical to the resolution limits of the data. These results are indistinguishable from numerous EGF studies of M 2-5 earthquakes, suggesting a similarity in rupture processes that extends to events that are both tiny and induced, providing further support for Byerlee's Law. Whole-path Q estimates for P and S waves are determined using the multiple-empirical Green's function (MEGF) method of Hough (1997), whereby spectra from clusters of colocated events at a given station are inverted for a single attenuation parameter, ??, with source parameters constrained from EGF analysis. The ?? estimates, which we infer to be resolved to within 0.01 sec or better, exhibit almost as much scatter as a function of hypocentral distance as do values from previous single-spectrum studies for which much higher uncertainties in individual ?? estimates are expected. The variability in ?? estimates determined here therefore suggests real lateral variability in Q structure. Although the ray-path coverage is too sparse to yield a complete three-dimensional attenuation tomographic image, we invert the inferred ?? value for three-dimensional structure using a damped least-squares method, and the results do reveal significant lateral variability in Q structure. The inferred attenuation variability corresponds to the heat-flow variations within the geothermal region. A central low-Q region corresponds well with the central high-heat flow region; additional detailed structure is also suggested.

  1. Time-dependent seismic tomography and its Application to the Coso geothermal area, 1996-2006

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    Time-dependent seismic tomography and its Application to the Coso geothermal area, 1996-2006 Bruce Geothermal Program Office, U. S. Navy, China Lake, CA 93555-6001, francis.monastero@navy.mil Measurements geothermal area, California. The permanent network operated there by the US Navy, supplemented by temporary

  2. Adapted November 2012 by L. Lee; Created by SIL, COSO and Boca Treasurer Purchasing Guidebook for

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    for specific performances, anything you need for an event that doesn't pertain to food or event performers, COSO and Boca Treasurer How to Make Food Purchases Off Campus: any vendor that accepts direct deposit On campus: Use Chartwells or others with completed/approved food waiver *These documents are ONLY required

  3. Variations in dissolved gas compositions of reservoir fluids from the Coso geothermal field

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Alan E.; Copp, John F.

    1991-01-01

    Gas concentrations and ratios in 110 analyses of geothermal fluids from 47 wells in the Coso geothermal system illustrate the complexity of this two-phase reservoir in its natural state. Two geographically distinct regions of single-phase (liquid) reservoir are present and possess distinctive gas and liquid compositions. Relationships in soluble and insoluble gases preclude derivation of these waters from a common parent by boiling or condensation alone. These two regions may represent two limbs of fluid migration away from an area of two-phase upwelling. During migration, the upwelling fluids mix with chemically evolved waters of moderately dissimilar composition. CO{sub 2} rich fluids found in the limb in the southeastern portion of the Coso field are chemically distinct from liquids in the northern limb of the field. Steam-rich portions of the reservoir also indicate distinctive gas compositions. Steam sampled from wells in the central and southwestern Coso reservoir is unusually enriched in both H{sub 2}S and H{sub 2}. Such a large enrichment in both a soluble and insoluble gas cannot be produced by boiling of any liquid yet observed in single-phase portions of the field. In accord with an upflow-lateral mixing model for the Coso field, at least three end-member thermal fluids having distinct gas and liquid compositions appear to have interacted (through mixing, boiling and steam migration) to produce the observed natural state of the reservoir.

  4. Are obsidian subsources meaningful units of analysis?: temporal and spatial patterning of subsources in the Coso Volcanic Field,

    E-print Network

    Are obsidian subsources meaningful units of analysis?: temporal and spatial patterning Archaeologists frequently assign artifacts to chemically discrete subsignatures of major obsidian sources. While reserved. Keywords: Obsidian fingerprinting; Intra-source variability; Coso Volcanic Field; California

  5. P wave anisotropy, stress, and crack distribution at Coso geothermal field, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan M. Lees; Huatao Wu

    1999-01-01

    A new inversion method for P wave anisotropy [Wu and Lees, 1999a] has been applied to high-precision, microseismic traveltime data collected at Coso geothermal region, California. Direction-dependent P wave velocity and thus its perturbation, are represented by a symmetric positive definite matrix A instead of a scalar. The resulting anisotropy distribution is used to estimate variations in crack density, stress

  6. Hot Sauce Hot Spots

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-06-26

    In this activity, learners model hot spot island formation, orientation and progression with condiments. Learners squirt a thick condiment sauce on a coarsely woven fabric to model how volcanic island hot spots form.

  7. Pleistocene high-silica rhyolites of the Coso volcanic field, Inyo County, California.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bacon, C.R.; Macdonald, R.; Smith, R.L.; Baedecker, P.A.

    1981-01-01

    The high-silica rhyolite domes and lava flows of the bimodal Pleistocene part of the Coso volcanic field provide an example of the early stages of evolution of a silicic magmatic system of substantial size and longevity. Major and trace element compositions are consistent with derivation from somewhat less silicic parental material by liquid state differentiation processes in compositionally and thermally zoned magmatic systems. Seven chemically homogeneous eruptive groups can be distinguished on the basis of trace element and K/Ar data. The oldest two groups are volumetrically minor and geochemically distinct from the younger groups, all five of which appear to have evolved from the same magmatic system. Erupted volume-time relations suggest that small amounts of magma were bled from the top of a silicic reservoir at a nearly constant long-term rate over the last 0.24Ma. The interval of repose between eruptions appears to be proportional to the volume of the preceding eruptive group. This relationship suggests that eruptions take place when some parameter which increases at a constant rate reaches a critical value; this parameter may be extensional strain accumulated in roof rocks. Extension of the lithosphere favors intrusion of basalt into the crust, attendant partial melting, and maintenance of a long-lived silicic magmatic system. The Coso silicic system may contain a few hundred cubic kilometers of magma. The Coso magmatic system may eventually have the potential for producing voluminous pyroclastic eruptions if the safety valve provided by rapid crustal extension becomes inadequate to 1) defuse the system through episodic removal of volatile-rich magma from its top and 2) prohibit migration of the reservoir to a shallow crustal level.-from Authors

  8. Magmatic inclusions in rhyolites, contaminated basalts, and compositional zonation beneath the Coso volcanic field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bacon, C.R.; Metz, J.

    1984-01-01

    Basaltic lava flows and high-silica rhyolite domes form the Pleistocene part of the Coso volcanic field in southeastern California. The distribution of vents maps the areal zonation inferred for the upper parts of the Coso magmatic system. Subalkalic basalts (<50% SiO2) were erupted well away from the rhyolite field at any given time. Compositional variation among these basalts can be ascribed to crystal fractionation. Erupted volumes of these basalts decrease with increasing differentiation. Mafic lavas containing up to 58% SiO2, erupted adjacent to the rhyolite field, formed by mixing of basaltic and silicic magma. Basaltic magma interacted with crustal rocks to form other SiO2-rich mafic lavas erupted near the Sierra Nevada fault zone. Several rhyolite domes in the Coso volcanic field contain sparse andesitic inclusions (55-61% SiO2). Pillow-like forms, intricate commingling and local diffusive mixing of andesite and rhyolite at contacts, concentric vesicle distribution, and crystal morphologies indicative of undercooling show that inclusions were incorporated in their rhyolitic hosts as blobs of magma. Inclusions were probably dispersed throughout small volumes of rhyolitic magma by convective (mechanical) mixing. Inclusion magma was formed by mixing (hybridization) at the interface between basaltic and rhyolitic magmas that coexisted in vertically zoned igneous systems. Relict phenocrysts and the bulk compositions of inclusions suggest that silicic endmembers were less differentiated than erupted high-silica rhyolite. Changes in inferred endmembers of magma mixtures with time suggest that the steepness of chemical gradients near the silicic/mafic interface in the zoned reservoir may have decreased as the system matured, although a high-silica rhyolitic cap persisted. The Coso example is an extreme case of large thermal and compositional contrast between inclusion and host magmas; lesser differences between intermediate composition magmas and inclusions lead to undercooling phenomena that suggest smaller ??T. Vertical compositional zonation in magma chambers has been documented through study of products of voluminous pyroclastic eruptions. Magmatic inclusions in volcanic rocks provide evidence for compositional zonation and mixing processes in igneous systems when only lava is erupted. ?? 1984 Springer-Verlag.

  9. Time-dependent seismic tomography of the Coso geothermal area, 1996-2004

    SciTech Connect

    Julian, B.R.; G.R. Foulger; K. Richards-Dinger; F. Monastero

    2006-04-01

    Local-earthquake tomographic images were calculated for each of the years 1996 - 2004 using arrival times from the U.S. Navy’s permanent seismometer network at the Coso geothermal area, California. The results show irregular strengthening with time of the wave-speed ratio VP/VS at shallow depths. These changes result predominately from progressive relative increase in VS with respect to VP, and could result from processes associated with geothermal operations such as decrease in fluid pressure and the drying of argillaceous minerals such as illite.

  10. IN SITU STRESS, FRACTURE, AND FLUID FLOW ANALYSIS IN WELL 38C-9: AN ENHANCED GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM IN THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith M. Sheridan; Stephen H. Hickman

    Geoscientists from the Coso Operating Company, EGI-Utah, GeoMechanics International, and the U.S. Geological Survey are cooperating in a multi-year study to develop an Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) in the Coso Geothermal Field. Key to the creation of an EGS is an understanding of the relationship among natural fracture distribution, fluid flow, and the ambient tectonic stresses that exist within the

  11. Hot Science: Hot rocks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site explores two kinds of igneous rock, pumice and granite. Pumice is an example of extrusive igneous rock, while granite is an example of intrusive igneous rock. Intrusive indicates that the magma was forced close to the surface, but then cooled more slowly underneath the surface. The question, "How hot is Lava?" is linked to an explanation of the heat of lava, why it must be sampled when it is very hot, and how the samples are taken.

  12. Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures of the Coso Geothermal Area, California, from microseismic travel time data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huatao Wu; Jonathan M. Lees

    1999-01-01

    High precision P and S wave travel times for 2104 microearthquakes with focus <6 km are used in a non-linear inversion to derive high-resolution three-dimensional compressional and shear velocity structures at the Coso Geothermal Area in eastern California. Block size for the inversion is 0.2 km horizontally and 0.5 km vertically and inversions are investigated in the upper 5 km

  13. Deformation of poorly consolidated sediment during shallow emplacement of a basalt sill, Coso Range, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Duffield, W.A.; Bacon, C.R.; Delaney, P.T.

    1986-01-01

    A 150-m-long, wedge-shaped unit of folded and faulted marly siltstone crops out between undeformed sedimentary rocks on the north flank of the Coso Range, California. The several-meter-thick blunt end of this wedge abuts the north margin of a basaltic sill of comparable thickness. Chaotically deformed siltstone crops out locally at the margin of this sill, and at one locality breccia pipes about one meter in diameter crosscut the sill. The sill extends about 1 km south up the paleoslope, where it merges through continuous outcrop with a lava flow that in turn extends 1.4 km to a vent area marked by more than 100 m of agglutinate and scoria. Apparently, lava extruded at this vent flowed onto unconsolidated sediments, burrowed into them, and fed a sill at about 40 m depth within the sedimentary sequence. The sill initially propagated by wedging between sedimentary beds, but eventually began to push some beds ahead of itself, forming a remarkable train of folds in the process. The sediments apparently were wet at the time of sill emplacement, because hydrothermal alteration is common near the contact between the two rock types and because the breccia pipes that crosscut the sill apparently resulted from phreatic explosions of pore water heated at the base of the cooling sill. Comparison of deformation of the host material at the Coso locality with that reportedly caused by emplacement of sills elsewhere indicates that the character of deformation differs greatly among the various localities. The specific response of host material depends upon such parameters as initial properties of magma and host material, rate of sill growth and attendant rate of strain of host material, and depth of sill emplacement. Some properties may change considerably during an intrusive-deformational episode, thus complicating accurate reconstruction of such an event. ?? 1986 Springer-Verlag.

  14. Residence, resorption and recycling of zircons in Devils Kitchen rhyolite, Coso Volcanic Field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, J.S.; Wooden, J.L.

    2004-01-01

    Zircons from the Devils Kitchen rhyolite in the Pleistocene Coso Volcanic field, California have been analyzed by in situ Pb/U ion microprobe (SHRIMP-RG) and by detailed cathodoluminescence imaging. The zircons yield common-Pb-corrected and disequilibrium-corrected 206Pb/238U ages that predate a previously reported K-Ar sanidine age by up to 200 kyr, and the range of ages exhibited by the zircons is also approximately 200 kyr. Cathodoluminescence imaging indicates that zircons formed in contrasting environments. Most zircons are euhedral, and a majority of the zircons are weakly zoned, but many also have anhedral, embayed cores, with euhedral overgrowths and multiple internal surfaces that are truncated by later crystal zones. Concentrations of U and Th vary by two orders of magnitude within the zircon population, and by 10-20 times between zones within some zircon crystals, indicating that zircons were transferred between contrasting chemical environments. A zircon saturation temperature of ???750??C overlaps within error a previously reported phenocryst equilibration temperature of 740 ?? 25??C. Textures in zircons indicative of repeated dissolution and subsequent regrowth are probably caused by punctuated heating by mafic magma input into rhyolite. The overall span of ages and large variation in U and Th concentrations, combined with calculated zircon saturation temperatures and resorption times, are most compatible with crystallization in magma bodies that were emplaced piecemeal in the crust at Coso over 200 kyr prior to eruption, and that were periodically rejuvenated or melted by subsequent basaltic injections. ?? Oxford University Press 2004; all rights reserved.

  15. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flankhydrothermal fluids: implications for the location and nature of the heatsource

    SciTech Connect

    Christenson, B.W.; Kennedy, B.M.; Adams, M.C.; Bjornstad, S.C.; Buck, C.

    2007-01-08

    Fluids have been sampled from 9 wells and 2 fumaroles fromthe East Flank of the Coso hydrothermal system with a view toidentifying, if possible, the location and characteristics of the heatsource inflows into this portion of the geothermal field. Preliminaryresults show that there has been extensive vapor loss in the system, mostprobably in response to production. Wells 38A-9, 51-16 and 83A-16 showthe highest CO2-CO-CH4-H2 chemical equilibration temperatures, rangingbetween 300-340oC, and apart from 38A-9, the values are generally inaccordance with the measured temperatures in the wells. Calculatedtemperatures for the fractionation of 13C between CO2 and CH4 are inexcess of 400oC in fluids from wells 38A-9, 64-16-RD2 and 51A-16,obviously pointing to equilibrium conditions from deeper portions of thereservoir. Given that the predominant reservoir rock lithologies in theCoso system are relatively silicic (granitic to dioritic), the isotopicsignatures appear to reflect convective circulation and equilibrationwithin rocks close to the plastic-brittle transition. 3He/4He signatures,in conjunction with relative volatile abundances in the Coso fluids,point to a possibly altered mantle source for the heat sourcefluids.

  16. Rhyolite thermobarometry and the shallowing of the magma reservoir, Coso volcanic field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Manley, C.R.; Bacon, C.R.

    2000-01-01

    The compositionally bimodal Pleistocene Coso volcanic field is located at the western margin of the Basin and Range province ~ 60 km north of the Garlock fault. Thirty-nine nearly aphyric high-silica rhyolite domes were emplaced in the past million years: one at 1 Ma from a transient magma reservoir, one at ~ 0.6 Ma, and the rest since ~ 0.3 Ma. Over the past 0.6 My, the depth from which the rhyolites erupted has decreased and their temperatures have become slightly higher. Pre-eruptive conditions of the rhyolite magmas, calculated from phenocryst compositions using the two-oxide thermometer and the Al-in-hornblende barometer, ranged from 740??C and 270 MPa (2.7 kbar; ~ 10 km depth) for the ~ 0.6 Ma magma, to 770??C and 140 MPa (1.4 kbar; ~ 5.5 km) for the youngest (~ 0.04 Ma) magma. Results are consistent with either a single rhyolitic reservoir moving upward through the crust, or a series of successively shallower reservoirs. As the reservoir has become closer to the surface, eruptions have become both more frequent and more voluminous.

  17. Origin of reverse-graded bedding in air-fall pumice, Coso Range, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Duffield, W.A.; Bacon, C.R.; Roquemore, G.R.

    1979-01-01

    The origin of reverse grading in air-fall pyroclastic deposits has been ascribed to: (1) changing conditions at an erupting vent; (2) deposition in water; or (3) rolling of large clasts over smaller clasts on the surface of a steep slope. Structural features in a deposit of air-fall pumice lapilli in the Coso Range, California, indicate that reverse grading there formed by a fourth mechanism during flow of pumice. Reverse-graded beds in this deposit occur where pumice lapilli fell on slopes at or near the angle of repose and formed as parts of the blanket of accumulating pumice became unstable and flowed downslope. The process of size sorting during such flow is probably analogous to that which sorts sand grains in a reverse fashion during avalanching on the slip faces of sand dunes, attributed by Bagnold (1954a) to a grain-dispersive pressure acting on particles subjected to a shear stress. In view of the several ways in which air-fall pyroclastic debris may become reverse graded, caution is advised in interpretation of the origin of this structure both in modern and in ancient deposits. ?? 1979.

  18. Integrated mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Coso geothermal systems, California

    SciTech Connect

    Lutz, Susan J.; Moore, Joseph N.; Copp, John F.

    1996-01-24

    Coso is one of several high-temperature geothermal systems on the margins of the Basin and Range province that is associated with recent volcanic activity. This system, which is developed entirely in fractured granitic and metamorphic rocks, consists of a well-defined thermal plume that originates in the southern part of the field and then flows upward and laterally to the north. Fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures and salinities demonstrate that cool, low salinity ground waters were present when the thermal plume was emplaced. Dilution of the thermal waters occurred above and below the plume producing strong gradients in their compositions. In response to heating and mixing, clays and carbonate minerals precipitated, sealing the fractures along the margins of the reservoir and strongly influencing its geometry. The alteration mineralogy varies systematically with depth and temperature. Based on the clay mineralogy, three zones can be recognized: the smectite zone, the illite-smectite zone, and the illite zone. The smectite zone thickens from the north to south and is characterized by smectite, kaolin, stilbite and a variety of carbonate minerals. The illite-smectite zone contains mixed-layer clays and also thickens to the south. The deepest zone (the illite zone) contains illite, chlorite, epidote, and wairakite. Quartz and calcite veins occur in all three zones. Comparison of mineral and fluid inclusion based temperatures demonstrates that cooling has occurred along the margins of the thermal system but that the interior of the system is still undergoing heating.

  19. Distribution of Quaternary rhyolite domes of the Coso Range, California: implications for extent of the geothermal anomaly.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bacon, C.R.; Duffield, W.A.

    1980-01-01

    38 separate domes and flows of phenocryst-poor, high-silica rhyolite of similar major element chemical composition were erupted over the past 1My from vents arranged in a crudely S-shaped array atop a granitic horst in the Coso Range, California. Most of the extrusions are probably less than about 0.3My old. The central part of the rhyolite field is characterized by high heat flow, low apparent resistivity, and substantial fumarolic activity indicative of an active geothermal system. -from Authors

  20. Accessory mineral U-Th-Pb ages and 40Ar/39Ar eruption chronology, and their bearing on rhyolitic magma evolution in the Pleistocene Coso volcanic field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simon, J.I.; Vazquez, J.A.; Renne, P.R.; Schmitt, A.K.; Bacon, C.R.; Reid, M.R.

    2009-01-01

    We determined Ar/Ar eruption ages of eight extrusions from the Pleistocene Coso volcanic field, a long-lived series of small volume rhyolitic domes in eastern California. Combined with ion-microprobe dating of crystal ages of zircon and allanite from these lavas and from granophyre geothermal well cuttings, we were able to track the range of magma-production rates over the past 650 ka at Coso. In ??? 230 ka rhyolites we find no evidence of protracted magma residence or recycled zircon (or allanite) from Pleistocene predecessors. A significant subset of zircon in the ???85 ka rhyolites yielded ages between ???100 and 200 Ma, requiring that generation of at least some rhyolites involves material from Mesozoic basement. Similar zircon xenocrysts are found in an ???200 ka granophyre. The new age constraints imply that magma evolution at Coso can occur rapidly as demonstrated by significant changes in rhyolite composition over short time intervals (???10's to 100's ka). In conjunction with radioisotopic age constraints from other young silicic volcanic fields, dating of Coso rhyolites highlights the fact that at least some (and often the more voluminous) rhyolites are produced relatively rapidly, but that many small-volume rhyolites likely represent separation from long-lived mushy magma bodies. ?? The Author(s) 2009.

  1. Hot Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vail, Kathleen

    1996-01-01

    Collaborators sparked by creative ideas and obsessed by a common task may not realize they're part of a "hot group"--a term coined by business professors Harold J. Leavitt and Jean Lipman-Blumen. Spawned by group decision making and employee empowerment, hot groups can flourish in education settings. They're typically small, short lived, and goal…

  2. Prediction of 2D fracture networks and fluid pathways in the Coso geothermal region, California based on finite element analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eckert, A.; Connolly, P. T.

    2003-04-01

    The Coso geothermal field is interpreted as being located at a dilational bend along an extension of Owens Valley fault in southern California. Production of geothermal energy from the Coso site is reliant on a thorough understanding of the fluid flow network which, because of the type of lithologies present, is probably controlled by the distribution and interaction of fractures. In this project 2D finite element analysis are used to model the in-situ stress field. This modelled stress field is validated by comparison to existing measurements of the in-situ stresses such as orientation (from borehole breakout analysis, microseismicity etc.) and magnitude (well pressure tests etc.). After iteration of the best possible FE model results, the modelled stress field is used to derive fracture networks and fluid flow characteristics. Of particular interest are the location and distribution of different fracture types, i.e. whether tensile or shear, their orientation and relative density. Another important aspect is the likelihood of fracture generation. All this leads to the goal of predicting fluid flow pathways in the study region.

  3. Distribution of quaternary rhyolite dome of the Coso Range, California: Implications for extent of the geothermal anomaly

    SciTech Connect

    Bacon, C.R.; Duffield, W.A.; Nakamura, K.

    1980-05-10

    Thirty-eight separate domes and flows of phenocryst-poor, high-silica rhyolite of similar major element chemical composition were erupted over the past 1 m.y. from vents arranged in a crudely S-shaped array atop a granitic horst in the Coso Range, California. Most of the extrusions are probably less than about 0.3 m.y. old. The area is one of Quaternary basaltic volcanism and crustal extension. The central part of the rhyolite field is characterized by high heat flow, low apparent resistivity, and substantial fumarolic activity indicative of an active geothermal system. The immediate source of heat for the surficial geothermal phenomena is probably a silicic magma reservoir that may still contain molten or partially molten material at a depth of at least 8 km beneath the central part of the rhyolite field. Outlying rhyolite extrusions probably reflect the presence of feeder dikes emanating from the reservoir beneath the central region. Azimuths of dikes appear to be parallel to the regional tectonic axis of maximum horizontal compression, analogous to some dike-fed flank eruptions on basaltic shields and andesitic strato-volcanoes. The areal extent of a magma reservoir and the present total heat content of the silicic magma system at Coso may be less than was previously estimated. However, the area is still considered to be one of significant geothermal potential.

  4. Stress, faulting and fluid flow in the Coso Geothermal Field, CA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davatzes, N. C.; Hickman, S.

    2006-12-01

    We integrate new geologic mapping and new in situ measurements of stress orientations and magnitudes from studies of wells within and on the flanks of the geothermal system with existing data sets to refine a geomechanical model for the Coso geothermal field. Stress orientations (averaged from several hundred to thousand meters of vertical borehole data) in wells across the field are fairly uniform and are consistent with focal mechanism inversions of earthquake clusters for stress and incremental strain. Active faults trending NNW-SSE to NNE-SSW are well oriented for normal slip in the current stress field, where the mean least principal horizontal compressive stress, Shmin, orientation is 108° ± 24º in a transitional strike-slip to normal faulting stress regime. These structures bound regions of intense micro-seismicity and are complexly associated with surface hydrothermal activity. WNW-ESE trending faults are also associated with distinct regions of enhanced seismicity but are only associated with surface hydrothermal activity where they intersect more northerly trending normal faults. These faults show no evidence for Quaternary slip at the surface and are poorly oriented in the modern stress field. These results together with stress magnitudes measured in the East Flank of the field suggest that the most productive portions of the Coso geothermal field are in high deviatoric stress environments conducive to normal faulting. Recent earthquake relocations and incremental strain inversions map areas of extensional strain located over the southern part of the Main Field and reaching east and north into the East Flank consistent with our borehole analyses. The resulting relatively low mean stress is conducive to dilation and increased permeability accompanying fault slip and coincides with the hottest areas in the geothermal field. Similar regions of locally reduced mean stress might arise from mechanical interaction during slip on intersecting fault segments and account for related surface hydrothermal activity. This interpretation is also consistent with local GPS- and InSAR-based surface displacement vectors which indicate subsidence above the Main Field and East Flank. At reservoir depth, preliminary results from borehole image, temperature, and mud log analyses indicate that fluid flow in the geothermal field is concentrated in the densely fractured damage zones of large faults that are well oriented for slip. In contrast, the cores of these faults appear to function as hydrologic barriers and separate regions of distinct fluid inclusion chemistry and temperature gradient. In addition, significant horizontal principal stress rotations are recorded by drilling-induced structures in borehole image logs. These variations in the azimuth of induced structures indicate local stress heterogeneity induced by active fault slip and are consistent with the high rates of seismicity observed in the geothermal field which might impact damage zone behavior. In the regions between large faults, distributed fracture networks appear to play only a minor role in transferring fluids despite relatively high fracture density that include some fractures well-oriented for slip. This geomechanical model provides a first step in studying the mechanical interactions and permeability of fault zones, their natural evolution, and their response to engineered stimulation. In addition, this model is a critical element of the stimulation strategy that will be applied to Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) well 46A-19RD in the southwest portion of the geothermal field.

  5. Hot Air

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Texas McDonald Observatory

    2011-01-01

    In this activity, learners set up an experiment to investigate the effects of hot air on the path of a laser beam. They observe the wandering position of the laser beam spot on the wall after the light travels through hot air rising from the candle flame. Learners produce a table of observations from both the Cool Air and Hot Air experiments, and answer questions using evidence from their experiment. Apply what learners discover in this experiment to real-life by discussing why stars "twinkle."

  6. Time-dependent seismic tomography and its application to the Coso geothermal area, 1996-2006

    SciTech Connect

    Julian, B.R.; G.R. Foulger; F. Monastero

    2008-04-01

    Measurements of temporal changes in Earth structure are commonly determined using localearthquake tomography computer programs that invert multiple seismic-wave arrival time data sets separately and assume that any differences in the structural results arise from real temporal variations. This assumption is dangerous because the results of repeated tomography experiments would differ even if the structure did not change, simply because of variation in the seismic ray distribution caused by the natural variation in earthquake locations. Even if the source locations did not change (if only explosion data were used, for example), derived structures would inevitably differ because of observational errors. A better approach is to invert multiple data sets simultaneously, which makes it possible to determine what changes are truly required by the data. This problem is similar to that of seeking models consistent with initial assumptions, and techniques similar to the “damped least squares” method can solve it. We have developed a computer program, dtomo, that inverts multiple epochs of arrival-time measurements to determine hypocentral parameters and structural changes between epochs. We shall apply this program to data from the seismically active Coso geothermal area, California, in the near future. The permanent network operated there by the US Navy, supplemented by temporary stations, has provided excellent earthquake arrival-time data covering a span of more than a decade. Furthermore, structural change is expected in the area as a result of geothermal exploitation of the resource. We have studied the period 1996 through 2006. Our results to date using the traditional method show, for a 2-km horizontal grid spacing, an irregular strengthening with time of a negative VP/VS anomaly in the upper ~ 2 km of the reservoir. This progressive reduction in VP/VS results predominately from an increase of VS with respect to VP. Such a change is expected to result from effects of geothermal operations such as decreasing fluid pressure and the drying of argillaceous minerals such as illite.

  7. Seismicity and deformation in the Coso Geothermal field from 2000 to 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaven, J. Ole; Hickman, Stephen H.; Davatzes, Nicholas C.

    2015-04-01

    Induced micro-seismicity in geothermal reservoirs, in particular in enhanced geothermal systems (EGS), is an intended byproduct of injection and production, as it often indicates the generation of permeability pathways on either pre-existing or newly generated faults and fractures. The hazard of inducing an earthquake large enough to cause damage to surface structures, however, is not easily avoided and has led to termination of geothermal projects. To explore the physical processes leading to damaging earthquakes, we investigate the evolution of seismicity and the factors controlling the migration, moment release rate, and structure within the seismicity in the Coso Geothermal Field (CGF). The CGF has been in production since the 1980s and includes both naturally occurring geothermal resources and portions of the reservoir that are EGS projects. We report on seismicity in the CGF that has been relocated with high precision double-difference relocation and simultaneous velocity inversion to understand the reservoir compartmentalization, in particular, where boundaries to flow exist both vertically and horizontally. We also calculate moment magnitudes (Mw) from the initial displacement pulse of the seismograms to relate moment directly to the deformation. We find that two distinct compartments form the CGF, which are divided by an aseismic gap that also shows a relatively low Vp/Vs ratio. Further, we find that events with Mw> 3.5 tend to map onto larger fault structures that are imaged by the relocated seismicity. We relate the temporal and spatial migration of moment release rate to the injection and production records in the reservoir by employing a thermo-poro-elastic finite element model in which the compartment boundaries are defined by the seismicity. We find that pore pressure effects alone are not responsible for the migration of seismicity and that poro-elastic and thermo-elastic strain changes can account for more of the observed moment release rate than pore pressure alone. These initial results indicate that coupled models of fluid flow, heat flow and solid deformation improve our understanding of the physical mechanisms that control induced seismicity in geothermal reservoirs and possibly other settings as well.

  8. Chiral-selective CoSO4/SiO2 catalyst for (9,8) single-walled carbon nanotube growth.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hong; Wei, Li; Ren, Fang; Wang, Qiang; Pfefferle, Lisa D; Haller, Gary L; Chen, Yuan

    2013-01-22

    Electronic and optical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) correlate with their chiral structures. Many applications need chirally pure SWCNTs that current synthesis methods cannot produce. Here, we show a sulfate-promoted CoSO(4)/SiO(2) catalyst, which selectively grows large-diameter (9,8) nanotubes at 1.17 nm with 51.7% abundance among semiconducting tubes and 33.5% over all tube species. After reduction in H(2) at 540 °C, the catalyst containing 1 wt % Co has a carbon yield of 3.8 wt %, in which more than 90% is SWCNT. As compared to other Co catalysts used for SWCNT growth, the CoSO(4)/SiO(2) catalyst is unique with a narrow Co reduction window under H(2) centered at 470 °C, which can be attributed to the reduction of highly dispersed CoSO(4). X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) results suggested the formation of Co particles with an average size of 1.23 nm, which matches the diameter of (9,8) tubes. Density functional theory study indicated that the diameter of structurally stable pure Co particles is scattered, matching the most abundant chiral tubes, such as (6,5) and (9,8). Moreover, the formation of such large Co particles on the CoSO(4)/SiO(2) catalyst depends on sulfur in the catalyst. XAS results showed that sulfur content in the catalyst changes after catalyst reduction at different conditions, which correlates with the change in (n,m) selectivity observed. We proposed that the potential roles of sulfur could be limiting the aggregation of Co atoms and/or forming Co-S compounds, which enables the chiral selectivity toward (9,8) tubes. This work demonstrates that catalysts promoted with sulfur compounds have potentials to be further developed for chiral-selective growth of SWCNTs. PMID:23215361

  9. Hot Canyon

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2012-06-18

    This historical film footage, originally produced in the early 1950s as part of a series by WOI-TV, shows atomic research at Ames Laboratory. The work was conducted in a special area of the Laboratory known as the "Hot Canyon."

  10. HOT AIR

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    HOT AIR -- The graphical home page of THE ANNALS OF IMPROBABLE RESEARCH FROM MIT provides a different look at scientific research. Check out a schedule of AIR events, an art gallery, and SharewAIR--an interactive and up-to-the-minute moderated forum.

  11. Hot Canyon

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2012-01-01

    This historical film footage, originally produced in the early 1950s as part of a series by WOI-TV, shows atomic research at Ames Laboratory. The work was conducted in a special area of the Laboratory known as the "Hot Canyon."

  12. Hot Canyon

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2013-03-01

    This historical film footage, originally produced in the early 1950s as part of a series by WOI-TV, shows atomic research at Ames Laboratory. The work was conducted in a special area of the Laboratory known as the "Hot Canyon."

  13. Radioisotopic Age Constraints on Crystallization, Crystal Inheritance, and Eruption of Coso's Pleistocene Rhyolites: Tracking the Evolution of a Silicic Magma System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, J. I.; Vazquez, J. A.; Renne, P. R.; Reid, M. R.; Schmitt, A. K.

    2007-12-01

    Radioisotopic dating at Coso provides a direct assessment of the rates at which large silicic magma reservoirs develop and whether upper crustal reservoirs remain thermally viable for protracted amounts of time. We dated a representative suite of Coso extrusions (8 units) ranging in age from ~230 ka to ~56 ka using Ar/Ar techniques, with additional analyses forthcoming. Accurate eruption ages are required to track secular geochemical and petrological changes within the magma system. We also dated zircon from a granodiorite core sample from injection well 46A-19RD and in favorable cases we were able to separate and date accessory minerals (zircon and allanite) from the crystal-poor extrusions. Application of accessory mineral dating is a robust approach for quantifying the time scales associated with physicochemical changes in magmas reservoirs. For example, the age distribution and character of zircons from Coso's ~600 ka Devils Kitchen rhyolite led Miller and Wooden (2004) to suggest that it was emplaced in the crust as a near-solidus crystal mush over an ~200 ka period prior to eruption. Our U-Th ages for zircon and allanite obtained by ion microprobe analysis, when compared to their respective ~115 ka (Dome 24) and ~85 ka (Cactus Peak and Sugarloaf Mountain) Ar/Ar ages, yield near-eruption ages and little evidence of recycled zircon (or allanite) from their older Pleistocene predecessors. Likewise zircon ages in the granodiorite exhibit evidence for a single crystallization event at ~200 ka. However, U-Pb dating of a significant subset of zircon in Coso's ~85 ka rhyolites and in the granodiorite core yield Mesozoic ages between ca. 100 and 200 Ma. The latter includes grains that previously yielded U-Th isotope ages within error of secular equilibrium. Two end-member cases may account for the bimodal distribution of zircon ages and evidence for assimilation and crustal contamination of low temperature (?800 °C) rhyolite, as well as secular changes in their trace element compositions. Post ~230 ka extrusions may have tapped a persistent and integrated magma chamber. If a single long-lived magma reservoir applies to Pleistocene Coso then trace element variations (e.g., La/Nd) track its chemical differentiation. Alternatively trace element changes may reflect separate magma generation events with distinct source components. The observed decrease in the La/Nd ratio of post ~115 ka extrusions, which is often caused by fractionation of allanite or monazite, can be used as a monitor of fractional crystallization differentiation. However this trend is also consistent with auto-assimilation of highly evolved intrusions. Increases in the La/Nd ratio in Coso's ~230 ka to ~115 ka rhyolites likely reflect an episode of magma replenishment by less evolved melt, but could be due to incorporation of allanite-rich cumulate materials. Fluctuating La/Nd ratios recorded by the succession of Coso rhyolite extrusions, therefore, either represents: (1) a single long-lived reservoir that incorporated and/ or was rejuvenated by a less evolved component starting at ~230 ka, then was contaminated by a more evolved component by ~115 ka, and finally incorporated Mesozoic crust, as indicated by the xenocryst ages showing up in the ~85 ka rhyolites, or (2) the existence of a number of distinct magma bodies that formed and evolved more or less independently.

  14. Hot Meetings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chiu, Mary

    2002-01-01

    A colleague walked by my office one time as I was conducting a meeting. There were about five or six members of my team present. The colleague, a man who had been with our institution (The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, a.k.a. APL) for many years, could not help eavesdropping. He said later it sounded like we we re having a raucous argument, and he wondered whether he should stand by the door in case things got out of hand and someone threw a punch. Our Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) team was a hot group, to invoke the language that is fashionable today, although we never thought of ourselves in those terms. It was just our modus operandi. The tenor of the discussion got loud and volatile at times, but I prefer to think of it as animated, robust, or just plain collaborative. Mary Chiu and her "hot" team from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory built the Advanced Composition Explorer spacecraft for NASA. Instruments on the spacecraft continue to collect data that inform us about what's happening on our most important star, the Sun.

  15. Hot tub folliculitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Hot tub folliculitis is an infection of the skin around the lower part of the hair shaft (hair follicles). ... Hot tub folliculitis is caused by bacteria that survives in hot tubs, especially tubs made of wood.

  16. Hot Weather Tips

    MedlinePLUS

    HOT Weather Tips Printer-friendly version We all suffer in hot weather. However, for elderly and disabled people and ... stress and following these tips for dealing with hot weather. Wear cool clothing: See that the person ...

  17. Julian, B.R., G.R. Foulger and F. Monastero, Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University,

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    Geothermal area, Thirty-Second Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 22-24, 2007. Microearthquake Moment Tensors from the Coso Geothermal Area Bruce R. Julian of Durham, Durham, U. K. Francis Monastero, Geothermal Program Office, US Navy, China Lake, California

  18. Foulger, G.R., B.R. Julian and F.C. Monastero, Microearthquake characterisation of an artificially stimulated hydraulic fracture at the Coso geothermal area, California, EOS Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract, 2006.

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    stimulated hydraulic fracture at the Coso geothermal area, California, EOS Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract, 2006. Microearthquake characterisation of an artificially stimulated hydraulic fracture it by injecting fluids under pressure. Instead, natural fractures were encountered at about 2,660 m depth

  19. Lead and strontium isotopic evidence for crustal interaction and compositional zonation in the source regions of Pleistocene basaltic and rhyolitic magmas of the Coso volcanic field, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bacon, C.R.; Kurasawa, H.; Delevaux, M.H.; Kistler, R.W.; Doe, B.R.

    1984-01-01

    The isotopic compositions of Pb and Sr in Pleistocene basalt, high-silica rhyolite, and andesitic inclusions in rhyolite of the Coso volcanic field indicate that these rocks were derived from different levels of compositionally zoned magmatic systems. The 2 earliest rhyolites probably were tapped from short-lived silicic reservoirs, in contrast to the other 36 rhyolite domes and lava flows which the isotopic data suggest may have been leaked from the top of a single, long-lived magmatic system. Most Coso basalts show isotopic, geochemical, and mineralogic evidence of interaction with crustal rocks, but one analyzed flow has isotopic ratios that may represent mantle values (87Sr/86Sr=0.7036,206Pb/204Pb=19.05,207Pb/204Pb=15.62,208Pb/204Pb= 38.63). The (initial) isotopic composition of typical rhyolite (87Sr/86Sr=0.7053,206Pb/204Pb=19.29,207Pb/204Pb= 15.68,208Pb/204Pb=39.00) is representative of the middle or upper crust. Andesitic inclusions in the rhyolites are evidently samples of hybrid magmas from the silicic/mafic interface in vertically zoned magma reservoirs. Silicic end-member compositions inferred for these mixed magmas, however, are not those of erupted rhyolite but reflect the zonation within the silicic part of the magma reservoir. The compositional contrast at the interface between mafic and silicic parts of these systems apparently was greater for the earlier, smaller reservoirs. ?? 1984 Springer-Verlag.

  20. Hot corrosion of Co-Cr, Co-Cr-Al, and Ni-Cr alloys in the temperature range of 700-750 deg C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chiang, K. T.; Meier, G. H.

    1980-01-01

    The effect of SO3 pressure in the gas phase on the Na2SO4 induced hot corrosion of Co-Cr, Ni-Cr, and Co-Cr-Al alloys was studied in the temperature range 700 to 750 C. The degradation of the Co-Cr and Ni-Cr alloys was found to be associated with the formation of liquid mixed sulfates (CoSO4-Na2SO4 or NiSO4-Na2SO4) which provided a selective dissolution of the Co or Ni and a subsequent sulfidation oxidation mode of attack which prevented the maintenance of a protective Cr2O3 film. A clear mechanism was not developed for the degradation of Co-Cr-Al alloys. A pitting corrosion morphology was induced by a number of different mechanisms.

  1. Low temperature hot corrosion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chiang, K. T.; Pettit, F. S.; Meier, G. H.

    1983-01-01

    The reaction of Co-Cr, Ni-Cr, Co-Cr-Al, and Ni-Cr-Al alloys with Na2SO4 in the presence of SO3 at temperatures between 700 and 750 C leads to the formation of liquid CoSO4-Na2SO4 or NiSO4-Na2SO4 deposits on the alloy surface. The formation of Cr2O3 and/or Al2O3 below this deposit results in a locally low P(O2) and a higher P(S2) and P(SO2). It is noted that these conditions can prevent protective oxide formation either by sulfide formation in the alloy, which localizes the Cr and/or Al in discrete particles, or by acid fluxing involving a reaction between Al2O3 or Cr2O3 and SO2 to form a salt-soluble species and subsequent reprecipitation as porous oxides in regions of higher P(O2). These processes may occur simultaneously, although a given alloy generally exhibits features of predominantly one type. Here, the Ni-Cr and Ni-Cr-Al alloys, and to some extent the Co-Cr alloys, exhibit features indicative of the sulfidation mechanism, whereas the morphology for the Co-Cr-Al alloy is more consistent with a predominant acid fluxing mechanism.

  2. Modelling Hot Air Balloons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brimicombe, M. W.

    1991-01-01

    A macroscopic way of modeling hot air balloons using a Newtonian approach is presented. Misleading examples using a car tire and the concept of hot air rising are discussed. Pressure gradient changes in the atmosphere are used to explain how hot air balloons work. (KR)

  3. HotBot

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    HotBot, a service of HotWired Ventures, uses the Inktomi search engine as the heart of its new Internet search service. It claims to index the full text contents of 50 million Web pages, as well as Usenet news and mailing lists. This would make it the largest search engine on the Internet. HotBot supports Boolean AND/OR/NOT, and phrase searching. It provides relevance feedback with retrieval. It also supports chronological, domain, and geographic searches, as well as media type searches such as Java, VRML, and Acrobat. HotBot is a public "beta" site and encourages feedback and bug reports.

  4. 6. HOT AIR PORTION OF DAMPERS. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. HOT AIR PORTION OF DAMPERS. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Lamar Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  5. Hot air balloon engine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Edmonds

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a solar powered reciprocating engine based on the use of a tethered hot air balloon fuelled by hot air from a glazed collector. The basic theory of the balloon engine is derived and used to predict the performance of engines in the 10kW to 1MW range. The engine can operate over several thousand metres altitude with thermal

  6. Solar Hot Box

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this lesson, students explore different aspects of solar energy by building a solar hot box and testing various colors and materials to find the maximum temperature that can be reached. They will review the basic needs for alternative energy sources, identify three materials and colors that will produce maximum heat, and solve a design problem for the hot box.

  7. Hot Air Balloon

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Oakland Discovery Centers

    2012-01-01

    In this activity, learners build a hot air balloon using just a few sheets of tissue paper and a hair dryer. Use this activity to demonstrate how hot air rises due to density and how the volume of gas increases with temperature (Charles's Law).

  8. Hot Spot at Yellowstone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dress, Abby

    2005-01-01

    Within this huge national park (over two million acres spread across Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho) are steaming geysers, hot springs, bubbling mudpots, and fumaroles, or steam vents. Drives on the main roads of Yellowstone take tourists through the major hot attractions, which also include Norris Geyser Basin, Upper and Lower Geyser Basin, West…

  9. Archaeological applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an example from the Coso Volcanic Field, California, using advanced statistical signal processing analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Remus, Jeremiah J.; Gottfried, Jennifer L.; Harmon, Russell S.; Draucker, Anne; Baron, Dirk; Yohe, Robert

    2010-05-01

    Over the past quarter century, multielement chemical analysis has become a common means for attributing the provenance of archaeological materials. The Coso Volcanic Field (CVF) in California, USA, contains at least 38 high-silica rhyolite domes, many of which contain obsidian glass that has been quarried for tools by the indigenous population for more than 12,000 years. Artifacts made from CVF obsidian are found throughout the southwestern United States and geochemical sourcing of CVF obsidian has been an important tool in understanding prehistoric Native American trading patterns. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a simple atomic emission spectroscopic technique that has the potential for real-time man-portable chemical analysis in the field. Because LIBS is simultaneously sensitive to all elements, a single laser shot can be used to record the broadband emission spectra, which provides a ''chemical fingerprint'' of a material. Single-shot broadband LIBS spectra were collected using a commercial benchtop LIBS system for 27 obsidian samples from major sites across the CVF and four additional sites in California and western Nevada outside of CVF. Classification of the samples was performed using partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLSDA), a common chemometric technique suitable for performing regression on high-dimensional data. Provenance identification for the obsidian samples was evaluated for three separate labeling frameworks. The first framework consisted of a binary classification problem to distinguish CVF samples from non-CVF samples. The second approach focused on the CVF samples with labels that corresponded to the eight separate Coso sites encompassed by the 27 samples. In the third analysis, non-CVF samples were excluded, and the remaining 27 CVF samples were labeled based on groupings defined from previous major and trace element chemical studies, which reduces the number of possible classes from eight to four. Different aspects of the classifier setup considered in this study include the training/testing routine (a 27-fold leave-one-sample-out setup versus a simple split of the data into separate sets for training and evaluation), the number of latent variables used in the regression model, and whether PLSDA operating on the entire broadband LIBS spectrum is superior to that using only a selected subset of LIBS emission lines. The results point to the robustness of the PLSDA technique and suggest that LIBS analysis combined with the appropriate statistical signal processing has the potential to be a useful tool for chemical analysis of archaeological artifacts and geological specimens.

  10. CSA Hot Topics Series

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Hot Topics series provides a free sampling of the resources in Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) and the Internet Database Service (IDS). The 30 topics span subjects in the humanities, engineering, environmental policy, and medicine. Each Hot Topic gives an overview of the subject, key citations with abstracts, a list of Websites, a glossary, a comment form so that users can correspond with the editors, and a "source" section, which explains from which of CSA's paid services the resources were culled. The latest hot topic is MicroElectroMechanical systems (MEMS), "small integrated devices or systems that combine electrical and mechanical components."

  11. Are "Hot Spots" Hot? An Overview Gillian R. Foulger

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    Are "Hot Spots" Hot? ­ An Overview Gillian R. Foulger Dept. Earth Sciences, Univ. of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, U.K. g.r.foulger@durham.ac.uk The term "hot spot" is taken variously to imply a) the presence of excessive volcanism, or b) that the melt formed in an unusually hot source. Case b

  12. Charmonium in Hot Medium 

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Xingbo

    2012-02-14

    We investigate charmonium production in the hot medium created by heavy-ion collisions by setting up a framework in which in-medium charmonium properties are constrained by thermal lattice QCD (lQCD) and subsequently implemented into kinetic...

  13. Modelling hot air balloons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. W. Brimicombe

    1991-01-01

    Hot air balloons can be modelled in a number of different ways. The most satisfactory, but least useful model is at a microscopic level. Macroscopic models are easier to use but can be very misleading.

  14. Reactor hot spot analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Vilim, R.B.

    1985-08-01

    The principle methods for performing reactor hot spot analysis are reviewed and examined for potential use in the Applied Physics Division. The semistatistical horizontal method is recommended for future work and is now available as an option in the SE2-ANL core thermal hydraulic code. The semistatistical horizontal method is applied to a small LMR to illustrate the calculation of cladding midwall and fuel centerline hot spot temperatures. The example includes a listing of uncertainties, estimates for their magnitudes, computation of hot spot subfactor values and calculation of two sigma temperatures. A review of the uncertainties that affect liquid metal fast reactors is also presented. It was found that hot spot subfactor magnitudes are strongly dependent on the reactor design and therefore reactor specific details must be carefully studied. 13 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  15. Hot Accretion Disks Revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bjoernsson, Gunnlaugur; Abramowicz, Marek A.; Chen, Xingming; Lasota, Jean-Pierre

    1996-08-01

    All previous studies of hot (Tp 1010-1012 K), optically thin accretion disks have neglected either the presence of e+ e- pairs or advective cooling. Thus all hot disk models constructed previously have not been self-consistent. In this paper we calculate local disk models including pair physics, relevant radiative processes in the hot plasma, and the effect of advective cooling. We use a modification of the Björnsson & Svensson mapping method. We find that the role of e+ e- pairs in the structure of hot, optically thin accretion disks is far less significant than was previously thought. The improved description of the radiation-matter interactions provided in the present paper modify the previously obtained values of the critical parameters characterizing advectively dominated flows.

  16. Hot Springs Creek

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Jennifer Lewicki measures the discharge along a tributary to Hot Springs Creek, Akutan Island, Alaska. Steam (upper left) rises from 3 high-temperature springs that discharge into the tributary....

  17. The Hot Tub Mystery

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    House, Herbert

    This case study sets up a mystery and asks students to solve it using science: why was the couple found dead in their hot tub? The material asks students to connect seemingly unrelated factors, such as blood pressure, hot water and alcohol. The material would be most appropriate for lower level undergraduate students. The case study and teaching notes may be downloaded in PDF format. The site also includes a section for instructor feedback where general comments may be read and contributed.

  18. IR Hot Wave

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, T. B.

    2010-04-01

    The IR Hot Wave{trademark} furnace is a breakthrough heat treatment system for manufacturing metal components. Near-infrared (IR) radiant energy combines with IR convective heating for heat treating. Heat treatment is an essential process in the manufacture of most components. The controlled heating and cooling of a metal or metal alloy alters its physical, mechanical, and sometimes chemical properties without changing the object's shape. The IR Hot Wave{trademark} furnace offers the simplest, quickest, most efficient, and cost-effective heat treatment option for metals and metal alloys. Compared with other heat treatment alternatives, the IR Hot Wave{trademark} system: (1) is 3 to 15 times faster; (2) is 2 to 3 times more energy efficient; (3) is 20% to 50% more cost-effective; (4) has a {+-}1 C thermal profile compared to a {+-}10 C thermal profile for conventional gas furnaces; and (5) has a 25% to 50% smaller footprint.

  19. Rotational hot Brownian motion

    E-print Network

    Daniel Rings; Dipanjan Chakraborty; Klaus Kroy

    2012-03-14

    We establish an effective Markov theory for the rotational Brownian motion of hot nanobeads and nanorods. Compact analytical expressions for the effective temperature and friction are derived from the fluctuating hydrodynamic equations of motion. They are verified by comparison with recent measurements and with GPU powered parallel molecular dynamics simulations over a wide temperature range. This provides unique insights into the physics of hot Brownian motion and an excellent starting point for further experimental tests and applications involving laser-heated nanobeads, nanorods and Janus particles.

  20. THE \\\\HOT SPOTS\\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DAVID JERISON; NIKOLAI NADIRASHVILI

    x1. Introduction Consider a convex planar domain with two axes of symmetry. We show that the maximum and minimum of a Neumann eigenfunction with lowest nonzero eigen- value occur at points on the boundary only. We deduce J. Rauch's \\\\hot spots\\

  1. OECD Focus Hot File

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In each issue of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)'s Focus Hot File, recent books and government reports of interest are listed with summaries and contact information. Past listings may be browsed by country in the Focus Compendium, and related publications are hyperlinked throughout.

  2. Keep It Hot!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Student teams design insulated beverage bottles with the challenge to test them to determine which materials (and material thicknesses) work best at insulating hot water to keep it warm for as long as possible. Students test and compare their designs in still air and under a stream of moving air from a house fan.

  3. Zen Hot Dog Molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryan, Dennis

    2009-04-01

    Substituted cycloalkanes with one branch illustrating each topic in an instructional unit can serve as summaries or reviews in courses of organic chemistry. The hungry Zen master told the hot dog vendor to make him one with everything. You can do the same for your students.

  4. Hot piston ring tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, David J.; Tomazic, William A.

    1987-01-01

    As part of the DOE/NASA Automotive Stirling Engine Project, tests were made at NASA Lewis Research Center to determine whether appendix gap losses could be reduced and Stirling engine performance increased by installing an additional piston ring near the top of each piston dome. An MTI-designed upgraded Mod I Automotive Stirling Engine was used. Unlike the conventional rings at the bottom of the piston, these hot rings operated in a high temperature environment (700 C). They were made of a high temperature alloy (Stellite 6B) and a high temperature solid lubricant coating (NASA Lewis-developed PS-200) was applied to the cylinder walls. Engine tests were run at 5, 10, and 15 MPa operating pressure over a range of operating speeds. Tests were run both with hot rings and without to provide a baseline for comparison. Minimum data to assess the potential of both the hot rings and high temperature low friction coating was obtained. Results indicated a slight increase in power and efficiency, an increase over and above the friction loss introduced by the hot rings. Seal leakage measurements showed a significant reduction. Wear on both rings and coating was low.

  5. Hot Dog Champ Defeated

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William; Bleier, R.H.

    2007-07-25

    Broadcast Transcript: Arthritic jaw? Recent wisdom tooth extraction? The universe saying "It is time"? Whatever. All we know is that Japan's six year domination of Nathan's Famous July 4th Hot Dog Eating contest at Coney Island came to an end...

  6. Kamchatka's thermal hot springs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Vision of Kamchatka

    The Kamchatka Peninsula is featured in this website including information on geography, climate, fauna, flora, volcanoes, thermal springs, Valley of Geysers, native people, and options for travel in Kamchatka. This specific page highlights a selection of Kamchatka's hot springs, presenting basic information on temperature ranges, chemical and physical characteristics, surrounding vegetation, and general location.

  7. Some Like it Hot

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Henry Bortman

    NASA Astrobiologist Jack Farmer is featured in this web article that focuses on microrganisms found in Yellowstone hot springs and ocean floor hydrothermal vents. Included within the article are numerous links to concepts, resources, and further readings involving exobiology. and microbiology. Downloadable Quick time videos of a discussion with Farmer and hydrothermal vent activity at the ocean floor are also available.

  8. Zen Hot Dog Molecules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Substituted cycloalkanes with one branch illustrating each topic in an instructional unit can serve as summaries or reviews in courses of organic chemistry. The hungry Zen master told the hot dog vendor to make him one with everything. You can do the same for your students.

  9. Editor's Note: Hot Properties

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chris Ohana

    2008-01-01

    Properties are "hot," not in terms of real estate but in science class. Here, the editor highlights the feature articles related to this month's theme, Properties of Objects and Materials. With these articles as a guide, you can move students toward a deeper understanding of property. As you do so, they will build a strong foundation for future science learning.

  10. Hot Tub Rash (Pseudomonas Folliculitis)

    MedlinePLUS

    newsletter | contact Share | Hot Tub Rash ( Pseudomonas Folliculitis) Information for adults A A A This image displays follicular elevations of the skin and small pus-filled lesions. Overview Hot tub rash ( Pseudomonas folliculitis) is an infection of ...

  11. Exercising Safely in Hot Weather

    MedlinePLUS

    ... grouchy, acting strangely, staggering, or being unresponsive l Dry, flushed skin and a strong rapid pulse or a slow weak pulse l Not sweating even if it is hot Quick Tip For more hot weather tips, see the AgePage Hyperthermia: Too Hot for ...

  12. Hot Tub Rash (Pseudomonas Dermatitis/Folliculitis)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... How Do I Protect Myself and My Family? "Hot Tub Rash" ( Pseudomonas Dermatitis / Folliculitis) Below are answers ... hot tub rash and healthy swimming. What is Hot Tub Rash? Hot tub rash, or dermatitis, is ...

  13. STIS CCD Hot Pixel Annealing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernandez, Svea

    2013-10-01

    This purpose of this activity is to repair radiation induced hot pixel damage to theSTIS CCD by warming the CCD to the ambient instrument temperature and annealing radiation damaged pixels. Radiation damage creates hot pixels in the STIS CCD Detector. Many of these hot pixels can be repaired by warming the CCD from its normal operating temperature near-83 C to the ambient instrument temperature { +5 C} for several hours. The number of hot pixels repaired is a function of annealing temperature. The effectiveness of the CCD hot pixel annealing process is assessed by measuring the dark current behavior before and after annealing and by searching for any window contamination effects.

  14. Hot chocolate effect

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, F.S.

    1982-05-01

    The ''hot chocolate effect'' was investigated quantitatively, using water. If a tall glass cylinder is filled nearly completely with water and tapped on the bottom with a softened mallet one can detect the lowest longitudinal mode of the water column, for which the height of the water column is one-quarter wavelength. If the cylinder is rapidly filled with hot tap water containing dissolved air the pitch of that mode may descend by nearly three octaves during the first few seconds as the air comes out of solution and forms bubbles. Then the pitch gradually rises as the bubbles float to the top. A simple theoretical expression for the pitch ratio is derived and compared with experiment. The agreement is good to within the 10% accuracy of the experiments.

  15. THE HOT CHOCOLATE EFFECT

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, Frank S.

    1980-12-01

    The "hot chocolate effect" was investigated quantitatively, using water. If a tall glass cylinder is filled nearly completely with water and tapped on the bottom with a softened mallet one can detect the lowest longitudinal mode of the water column, for which the height of the water column is one quarter wavelength. If the cylinder is rapidly filled with hot tap water containing dissolved air the pitch of that mode may descend by nearly three octaves during the first few seconds as the air comes out of solution and forms bubbles. Then the pitch gradually rises as the bubbles float to the top. A simple theoretical expression for the pitch ratio is derived and compared with experiment. The agreement is good to within the ten percent accuracy of the experiments.

  16. The hot chocolate effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, Frank S.

    1982-05-01

    The ''hot chocolate effect'' was investigated quantitatively, using water. If a tall glass cylinder is filled nearly completely with water and tapped on the bottom with a softened mallet one can detect the lowest longitudinal mode of the water column, for which the height of the water column is one-quarter wavelength. If the cylinder is rapidly filled with hot tap water containing dissolved air the pitch of that mode may descend by nearly three octaves during the first few seconds as the air comes out of solution and forms bubbles. Then the pitch gradually rises as the bubbles float to the top. A simple theoretical expression for the pitch ratio is derived and compared with experiment. The agreement is good to within the 10% accuracy of the experiments.

  17. Hot Billet Surface Qualifier

    SciTech Connect

    Tzyy-Shuh Chang

    2007-04-30

    OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT), developed a prototype of a Hot Billet Surface Qualifier (“Qualifier”) based on OGT’s patented HotEye™ technology and other proprietary imaging and computing technologies. The Qualifier demonstrated its ability of imaging the cast billets in line with high definition pictures, pictures capable of supporting the detection of surface anomalies on the billets. The detection will add the ability to simplify the subsequent process and to correct the surface quality issues in a much more timely and efficient manner. This is challenging due to the continuous casting environment, in which corrosive water, temperature, vibration, humidity, EMI and other unbearable factors exist. Each installation has the potential of 249,000 MMBTU in energy savings per year. This represents a cost reduction, reduced emissions, reduced water usage and reduced mill scale.

  18. Optimization of Hot Standby 

    E-print Network

    de Souza, J.; Holden, D.

    2004-01-01

    Utilities helps plant operations to find the correct trade-off between energy efficiency and reliability, such as: • Hot standby • Load shedding • Drive switching • Fuel selection • Electricity supply • Maintenance planning • Operator... over an extended period, usually a month, not the current instantaneous value Maintenance planning Correct maintenance plays an important part in maintaining system reliability. However, bringing equipment down for maintenance can also have a big...

  19. Session: Hot Dry Rock

    SciTech Connect

    Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Duchane, David V.; Ponden, Raymond F.; Brown, Donald W.

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of four presentations: ''Hot Dry Rock - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''HDR Opportunities and Challenges Beyond the Long Term Flow Test'' by David V. Duchane; ''Start-Up Operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant'' by Raymond F. Ponden; and ''Update on the Long-Term Flow Testing Program'' by Donald W. Brown.

  20. Optimization of Hot Standby

    E-print Network

    de Souza, J.; Holden, D.

    2004-01-01

    Utilities helps plant operations to find the correct trade-off between energy efficiency and reliability, such as: • Hot standby • Load shedding • Drive switching • Fuel selection • Electricity supply • Maintenance planning • Operator... over an extended period, usually a month, not the current instantaneous value Maintenance planning Correct maintenance plays an important part in maintaining system reliability. However, bringing equipment down for maintenance can also have a big...

  1. Hot refueling hazards.

    PubMed

    Hammer, D L

    1989-03-01

    Hot refueling in the special operations community has several potential hazards which can accompany the operation. The MC-130 Panel Operator's (PO) position is located in the exhaust of the number 3 engine, subjecting him to fumes, heat, and exhaust blast. The hypothesis was that time constraints should be implemented to the work load due to heat and carbon monoxide exposure. The hypothesis was confirmed for heat exposure but not for significant carbon monoxide exposure. PMID:2496343

  2. The ''hot'' patella

    SciTech Connect

    Kipper, M.S.; Alazraki, N.P.; Feiglin, D.H.

    1982-01-01

    Increased patellar uptake on bone scans is seen quite commonly but the possible or probable etiologies of this finding have not been previously well described. A review of 100 consecutive bone scans showed that the incidence of bilateral ''hot'' patellae is 15%. Identified etiologies include osteoarthritic degenerative disease (35%), fracture, possible metastatic disease, bursitis, Paget's disease, and osteomyelitis. The value of careful history, physical examination, and radiographs is stressed.

  3. PREFACE: Hot Quarks 2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antinori, Federico; Bass, Steffen A.; Bellwied, Rene; Ullrich, Thomas; Velkovska, Julia; Wiedemann, Urs

    2005-04-01

    Why another conference devoted to ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics? As we looked around the landscape of the existing international conferences and workshops, we realized that there was not a single one tailored to the people who are most directly involved with the actual research work: students, post-docs, and junior faculty/research scientists. Of course there are schools, but that was not what we had in mind. We wanted a meeting where young researchers could come together to discuss in depth the physics that they are working on without any hindrance. The major conferences have very limited time for discussions which is often shared amongst the most established. This leaves little room for young people to ask their questions and to get the detailed feedback which they deserve and which satisfies their curiosity. A discussion-driven workshop, centering on those without whom there will be no future—that seemed like what was needed. And thus the Hot Quarks workshop was born. The aim of Hot Quarks was to enhance the direct exchange of scientific information among the younger members of the community, from both experiment and theory. Participation was by invitation only in order to emphasize the contributions from junior researchers. This approach makes the workshop unique among the many forums in the field. For young scientists it represented an opportunity for exposure that they would not have had in one of the major conferences. The hope is that this meeting has helped to stimulate the next generation of scientists in our field and, at the same time, strengthened their sense of community. It all came together from 18 24 July 2004, when the 77 participants met at The Inn at Snakedance in the Taos Ski Valley, New Mexico, USA, for the first Hot Quarks workshop. Photograph Participants gather in the sunshine at the foot of the Taos Ski Valley chairlift. By all accounts, Hot Quarks 2004 was a great success. Every participant had the opportunity to present her or his research and we spent an entire week talking physics and having fun from breakfast in the morning until late at night. A symbolic award was instituted for the best presentation at the workshop, dedicated to the memory of Klaus Kinder-Geiger, a sharp and brilliant young theorist who perished in the crash of Swissair Flight 111 on 2 September 1998 off the coast of Nova Scotia. It went to Denesh Molnar from Ohio State University for his outstanding talk on parton coalescence. The organizers wish to extend their gratitude to all participants for the high quality presentations making Hot Quarks 2004 a notable event. We are also very grateful for the superb hospitality of the staff of the Snakedance Inn, in particular Mitch Daniels who worked sheer miracles. Given the success of the first Hot Quarks workshop we decided to organize a second one, possibly even turning Hot Quarks into a series. The next meeting will be held in the late spring of 2006, probably in Italy. We hope it will be as memorable as the first one! Last but not least, we wish to thank all the generous sponsors of the conference: Brookhaven National Laboratory, European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Gesellschaft fA~ 1/4 r Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Institute of Physics Publishing, Los Alamos National Laboratory, National Science Foundation, and Vanderbilt University. We are grateful for their support and are particularly happy that this support came from institutions both in the US and in Europe and from all the main experimental facilities that pursue a prominent heavy-ion program. Their support was essential for the success of a workshop targeting young scientists.

  4. Hot oiling spreadsheet

    SciTech Connect

    Mansure, A.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geothermal Research Dept.

    1996-09-01

    One of the most common oil-field treatments is hot oiling to remove paraffin from wells. Even though the practice is common, the thermal effectiveness of the process is not commonly understood. In order for producers to easily understand the thermodynamics of hot oiling, a simple tool is needed for estimating downhole temperatures. Such a tool has been developed that was distributed as a compiled, public-domain-software spreadsheet. That spreadsheet has evolved into an interactive from on the World Wide Web and has been adapted into a Windows{trademark} program by Petrolite, St. Louis MO. The development of such a tools was facilitated by expressing downhole temperatures in terms of analytic formulas. Considerable algebraic work is required to develop such formulas. Also, the data describing hot oiling is customarily a mixture of practical units that must be converted to a consistent set of units. To facilitate the algebraic manipulations and to assure unit conversions are correct, during development parallel calculations were made using the spreadsheet and a symbolic mathematics program. Derivation of the formulas considered falling film flow in the annulus and started from the transient differential equations so that the effects of the heat capacity of the tubing and casing could be included. While this approach to developing a software product does not have the power and sophistication of a finite element or difference code, it produces a user friendly product that implements the equations solved with a minimum potential for bugs. This allows emphasis in development of the product to be placed on the physics.

  5. The Hot Tub Mystery

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Herbert House

    2005-01-01

    Roma and Clint Underhill are relaxing after a stressful day in their hot tub with some wine. But tragedy strikes, and the next morning their lifeless bodies are found in the water by their housekeeper. The paramedics who respond to her frantic 911 call pronounce the couple dead at the scene and call in the police to investigate. Developed for use in a lower-level undergraduate course on human physiology, students work through the various parts of this interrupted case to discover the cause of death, and in the process learn about blood pressure regulation.

  6. Hot Off the Press

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Barry Schlegel

    2006-10-01

    Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) , a peer-reviewed environmental health research journal (published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health,) provides the EHP Student Edition for high school and college teachers and their students. Each edition contains news articles that summarize a wide variety of scientific information and original research, which are paired with complementary lessons that introduce students to hot-off-the-press science. This article presents ways to integrate EHP's online content in the classroom.

  7. Hot cell examination table

    DOEpatents

    Gaal, Peter S. (Monroeville, PA); Ebejer, Lino P. (Weston, MA); Kareis, James H. (Slickville, PA); Schlegel, Gary L. (McKeesport, PA)

    1991-01-01

    A table for use in a hot cell or similar controlled environment for use in examining specimens. The table has a movable table top that can be moved relative to a table frame. A shaft is fixedly mounted to the frame for axial rotation. A shaft traveler having a plurality of tilted rollers biased against the shaft is connected to the table top such that rotation of the shaft causes the shaft traveler to roll along the shaft. An electromagnetic drive is connected to the shaft and the frame for controllably rotating the shaft.

  8. MSFC hot air collectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anthony, K.

    1978-01-01

    A description of the hot air collector is given that includes a history of development, a history of the materials development, and a program summary. The major portion of the solar energy system cost is the collector. Since the collector is the heart of the system and the most costly subsystem, reducing the cost of producing collectors in large quantities is a major goal. This solar collector is designed to heat air and/or water cheaply and efficiently through the use of solar energy.

  9. Hot and Cold

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Oregon Museum of Science and Industry

    1997-01-01

    In this activity, learners explore temperature changes from chemical reactions by mixing urea with water in one flask and mixing calcium chloride with water in another flask. They observe that the urea flask gets cold and the calcium chloride flask gets hot. The main idea is that some chemical processes release heat energy and are exothermic, while some chemical processes absorb heat energy and are endothermic. This activity is currently used in the Nature of Matter Unit in OMSI's Chemistry Lab. Cost estimates are per 100 learners.

  10. Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments Applies to: All employees Number: 2010-06 Pages: 7 Effective Date: November 2010 is intended to prevent potential heat induced illness as a result of hot weather or hot workplace environments

  11. Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Based on inversion of fault kinematic data, Edwards (2013) interpreted that two discrete stress orientations are preserved at Neal Hot Springs. An older episode of east-west directed extension and a younger episode of southwest-northeast directed sinistral, oblique -normal extension. This interpretation is consistent with the evolution of Cenozoic tectonics in the region (Edwards, 2013). As such we applied a southwest-northeast (060) directed normal faulting stress regime, consistent with the younger extensional episode, to the Neal Hot Springs faults. Under these stress conditions northeast striking steeply dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to dilate and northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Under these stress condition...

  12. Full of Hot Air: Hot Air Balloon Building

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Children's Museum of Houston

    2010-01-01

    In this activity, learners create a model of a hot air balloon using tissue paper and a hairdryer. Educators can use this activity to introduce learners to density and its role in why things float. This activity page features a fun how-to video that shows learners and educators how to make the hot air balloons.

  13. Electrical hot work safety program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Gallagher; L. B. McClung

    1988-01-01

    An internal review of the safety practices for a large Canadian chemical plant indicated that the established procedures for electrical hot work needed to be expanded and formalized. The practices were expanded into a comprehensive electrical hot work program that included the philosophy, control, qualification, and safe work methods. The program resulted in changes that improved on an adequate chemicals

  14. SOURCE ASSESSMENT: ASPHALT HOT MIX

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report summarizes data on air emissions from the asphalt hot mix industry. A representative asphalt hot mix plant was defined, based on the results of an industrial survey, to assess the severity of emissions from this industry. Source severity was defined as the ratio of th...

  15. Solar powered hot air balloon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eshoo

    1979-01-01

    A solar powered hot air balloon is disclosed having an envelope with an opaque portion and a transparent portion arranged so as to utilize solar heating to heat air within the envelope. The solar heating air may either be sufficient to provide the entire free lift or may be combined with air from a hot air generating system carried by

  16. Hot hollow cathode gun assembly

    DOEpatents

    Zeren, J.D.

    1983-11-22

    A hot hollow cathode deposition gun assembly includes a hollow body having a cylindrical outer surface and an end plate for holding an adjustable heat sink, the hot hollow cathode gun, two magnets for steering the plasma from the gun into a crucible on the heat sink, and a shutter for selectively covering and uncovering the crucible.

  17. Spectral Modeling Hot Star Winds

    E-print Network

    Cohen, David

    Spectral Modeling of X-Rays from Hot Star Winds Emma Wollman Advisor: David Cohen #12;Hot Stars ·· Short-livedShort-lived (~ 1-10 million yrs)(~ 1-10 million yrs) #12;Stellar Winds · Net momentum · More luminosity !"stronger wind · Mass-loss rate determines the fate of the star #12;X-ray Production

  18. Mammoth Hot Springs Online Tour

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Yellowstone National Park

    This Yellowstone National Park website offers an online tour of the Mammoth Hot Springs. Prominent hot springs and terraces are highlighted with photos and information concerning their cycles of activity. Similar tours of the Old Faithful area, the Norris Geyser Basin, the Fountain Paint Pots, and the Grand Canyon of Yellowstone are also available online.

  19. Hot Planet - Cold Comfort

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page features videos from the "Hot Planet- Cold Comfort" television episode, related website articles and a student activity. The videos explore how the Gulf Stream conveyor belt may shut down; how Arctic river runoff and Alaskan glacial melt are freshening the oceans; and how ocean sediments and ice cores are being studied to understand the Little Ice Age. The videos total approximately one hour in length. The website articles explore the Little Ice Age; how the Arctic functions as a global thermostat, affecting global weather patterns; and great moments in climate change. The student activity is about light absorbtion. The site also contains a challenge activity to find details in a painting that depict Little Ice Age living conditions.

  20. The Deep Hot Biosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craig, Harmon

    The first inhabitants of planet Earth were single-celled microorganisms and they are still with us today. Their name is truly legion, for they live everywhere, from boiling hot springs at the Earth's surface and on the seafloor to the coldest waters of the oceans and the Antarctic lakes. They are the masters of evolutionary adaptation, who have colonized the entire range of conditions under which water can exist as a liquid. At some ancient mythic time billions of years ago in a witches' brew of precursory molecules, somewhere, somehow, on a sunny Precambrian day bright with promise some of these molecules came together in the first coupling, learned to replicate, create enzymes, metabolize, and seal themselves into protective membranes inside of which they began the process of living. How they did this is our greatest mystery, for they are our primordial ancestors and we do not understand ourselves until we understand them.

  1. Keep It Cool in Hot Weather

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in the Summer Sun Keep it Cool in Hot Weather Keep it Cool in Hot Weather Advice for Older People Applies to All ... factors that can increase risk include an extremely hot home, lack of transportation, overdressing and visiting overcrowded ...

  2. Community analysis of a mercury hot spring supports occurrence of domain-specific forms of mercuric reductase.

    PubMed

    Simbahan, Jessica; Kurth, Elizabeth; Schelert, James; Dillman, Amanda; Moriyama, Etsuko; Jovanovich, Stevan; Blum, Paul

    2005-12-01

    Mercury is a redox-active heavy metal that reacts with active thiols and depletes cellular antioxidants. Active resistance to the mercuric ion is a widely distributed trait among bacteria and results from the action of mercuric reductase (MerA). Protein phylogenetic analysis of MerA in bacteria indicated the occurrence of a second distinctive form of MerA among the archaea, which lacked an N-terminal metal recruitment domain and a C-terminal active tyrosine. To assess the distribution of the forms of MerA in an interacting community comprising members of both prokaryotic domains, studies were conducted at a naturally occurring mercury-rich geothermal environment. Geochemical analyses of Coso Hot Springs indicated that mercury ore (cinnabar) was present at concentrations of parts per thousand. Under high-temperature and acid conditions, cinnabar may be oxidized to the toxic form Hg2+, necessitating mercury resistance in resident prokaryotes. Culture-independent analysis combined with culture-based methods indicated the presence of thermophilic crenarchaeal and gram-positive bacterial taxa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis provided quantitative data for community composition. DNA sequence analysis of archaeal and bacterial merA sequences derived from cultured pool isolates and from community DNA supported the hypothesis that both forms of MerA were present. Competition experiments were performed to assess the role of archaeal merA in biological fitness. An essential role for this protein was evident during growth in a mercury-contaminated environment. Despite environmental selection for mercury resistance and the proximity of community members, MerA retains the two distinct prokaryotic forms and avoids genetic homogenization. PMID:16332880

  3. Community Analysis of a Mercury Hot Spring Supports Occurrence of Domain-Specific Forms of Mercuric Reductase

    PubMed Central

    Simbahan, Jessica; Kurth, Elizabeth; Schelert, James; Dillman, Amanda; Moriyama, Etsuko; Jovanovich, Stevan; Blum, Paul

    2005-01-01

    Mercury is a redox-active heavy metal that reacts with active thiols and depletes cellular antioxidants. Active resistance to the mercuric ion is a widely distributed trait among bacteria and results from the action of mercuric reductase (MerA). Protein phylogenetic analysis of MerA in bacteria indicated the occurrence of a second distinctive form of MerA among the archaea, which lacked an N-terminal metal recruitment domain and a C-terminal active tyrosine. To assess the distribution of the forms of MerA in an interacting community comprising members of both prokaryotic domains, studies were conducted at a naturally occurring mercury-rich geothermal environment. Geochemical analyses of Coso Hot Springs indicated that mercury ore (cinnabar) was present at concentrations of parts per thousand. Under high-temperature and acid conditions, cinnabar may be oxidized to the toxic form Hg2+, necessitating mercury resistance in resident prokaryotes. Culture-independent analysis combined with culture-based methods indicated the presence of thermophilic crenarchaeal and gram-positive bacterial taxa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis provided quantitative data for community composition. DNA sequence analysis of archaeal and bacterial merA sequences derived from cultured pool isolates and from community DNA supported the hypothesis that both forms of MerA were present. Competition experiments were performed to assess the role of archaeal merA in biological fitness. An essential role for this protein was evident during growth in a mercury-contaminated environment. Despite environmental selection for mercury resistance and the proximity of community members, MerA retains the two distinct prokaryotic forms and avoids genetic homogenization. PMID:16332880

  4. Techniques for hot structures testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deangelis, V. Michael; Fields, Roger A.

    1990-01-01

    Hot structures testing have been going on since the early 1960's beginning with the Mach 6, X-15 airplane. Early hot structures test programs at NASA-Ames-Dryden focused on operational testing required to support the X-15 flight test program, and early hot structures research projects focused on developing lab test techniques to simulate flight thermal profiles. More recent efforts involved numerous large and small hot structures test programs that served to develop test methods and measurement techniques to provide data that promoted the correlation of test data with results from analytical codes. In Nov. 1988 a workshop was sponsored that focused on the correlation of hot structures test data with analysis. Limited material is drawn from the workshop and a more formal documentation is provided of topics that focus on hot structures test techniques used at NASA-Ames-Dryden. Topics covered include the data acquisition and control of testing, the quartz lamp heater systems, current strain and temperature sensors, and hot structures test techniques used to simulate the flight thermal environment in the lab.

  5. Hot Stars With Hot Jupiters Have High Obliquities

    E-print Network

    Winn, Joshua Nathan

    We show that stars with transiting planets for which the stellar obliquity is large are preferentially hot (T [subscript eff] > 6250 K). This could explain why small obliquities were observed in the earliest measurements, ...

  6. HOT SCALAR ELECTRODYNAMICS AS A TOY MODEL FOR HOT QCD

    E-print Network

    Ulrike KRAEMMER; Anton K. REBHAN; Hermann SCHULZ

    1995-05-15

    Hot scalar electrodynamics is adopted as a toy model for a hot gluon plasma to display some aspects of the compulsory resummation of hard thermal loops when next-to-leading order quantities at soft momentum scales are to be calculated. [Talk given by A.K.R. at a one-day meeting dedicated to the memory of Tanguy ALTHERR, held on November 4, 1994 at CERN, Geneva. To appear in a Gedenkschrift published by World Scientific.

  7. Solutions for Hot Situations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    From the company that brought the world an integral heating and cooling food service system after originally developing it for NASA's Apollo Program, comes yet another orbital offshoot: a product that can be as thin as paper and as strong as steel. Nextel Ceramic Textiles and Composites from 3M Company offer space-age protection and innovative solutions for hot situations, ranging from NASA to NASCAR. With superior thermal protection, Nextel fabrics, tape, and sleevings outperform other high temperature textiles such as aramids, carbon, glass, and quartz, permitting engineers and manufacturers to handle applications up to 2,500 F (1,371 C). The stiffness and strength of Nextel Continuous Ceramic Fibers make them a great match for improving the rigidity of aluminum in metal matrix composites. Moreover, the fibers demonstrate low shrinkage at operating temperatures, which allow for the manufacturing of a dimensionally stable product. These novel fibers also offer excellent chemical resistance, low thermal conductivity, thermal shock resistance, low porosity, and unique electrical properties.

  8. Composite hot drape forming

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ott, Thomas

    1994-01-01

    This program was initiated to replace labor-intensive ply-by-ply layup of composite I-beam posts and angle stiffeners used in the Space Station Freedom (SSF) rack structure. Hot drape forming (HDF) has been successfully implemented by BCAG for 777 composite I-stringers and by Bell Helicopter/Textron for the V-22 I-stingers. The two companies utilize two vastly different approaches to the I-beam fabrication process. A drape down process is used by Bell Helicopter where the compacted ply charge is placed on top of a forming mandrel and heated. When the heated ply charge reached a set temperature, vacuum pressure is applied and the plies are formed over the mandrel. The BCAG 777 process utilizes an inverted forming process where the ply stack is placed on a forming table and the mandrel is inverted and placed upon the ply stack. A heating and vacuum bladder underneath the ply stack form the play stack up onto the mandrels after reaching the temperature setpoint. Both methods have their advantages, but the drape down process was selected for SSF because it was more versatile and could be fabricated from readily available components.

  9. Neptune's 'Hot' South Pole

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    These thermal images show a 'hot' south pole on the planet Neptune. These warmer temperatures provide an avenue for methane to escape out of the deep atmosphere.

    The images were obtained with the Very Large Telescope in Chile, using an imager/spectrometer for mid-infrared wavelengths on Sept. 1 and 2, 2006. The telescope is operated by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (known as ESO).

    Scientists say Neptune's south pole is 'hotter' than anywhere else on the planet by about 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit). The average temperature on Neptune is about minus 200 degrees Celsius (minus 392 degrees Fahrenheit).

    The upper left image samples temperatures near the top of Neptune's troposphere (near 100 millibar pressure, which is one-tenth the Earth atmospheric pressure at sea level). The hottest temperatures are indicated at the lower part of the image, at Neptune's south pole (see the graphic at the upper right). The lower two images, taken 6.3 hours apart, sample temperatures at higher altitudes in Neptune's stratosphere. They do show generally warmer temperatures near, but not at, the south pole. They also show a distinct warm area which can be seen in the lower left image and rotated completely around the back of the planet and returned to the earth-facing hemisphere in the lower right image.

  10. Hot carrier diffusion in graphene

    E-print Network

    Ruzicka, Brian Andrew; Wang, Shuai; Werake, Lalani Kumari; Weintrub, Ben; Loh, Kian Ping; Zhao, Hui

    2010-11-01

    We report an optical study of charge transport in graphene. Diffusion of hot carriers in epitaxial graphene and reduced graphene oxide samples are studied using an ultrafast pump-probe technique with a high spatial resolution. Spatiotemporal...

  11. Disentangling Composite Spectrum Hot Subdwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stark, M. A.; Wade, R. A.

    2005-07-01

    We give preliminary results from a spectroscopic study of composite spectrum hot subdwarfs (sd+late-type). We obtained spectra of a sample of hot subdwarfs selected from the Catalogue of Spectroscopically Identified Hot Subdwarfs (Kilkenny et al. 1998) on the basis of near-infrared photometry from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). The sample consists of 20 photometric and spectroscopic single and 54 composite hot subdwarfs, 6 resolved (or barely resolved) visual doubles, and 5 objects with emission lines or broad absorption lines with emission cores. Spectra of 84 ``standard'' (single late-type) stars with Hipparcos parallaxes were also obtained for calibration. These observations cover 4600-8900 Å with ?3 Å resolution. We measured equivalent width-like indices around Mg I b, Na I D, the Ca II infrared triplet, H?, and H?. Using the single late-type star observations combined with model energy distributions, we explore how the measured indices of a composite spectrum vary as the temperature and luminosity of the late-type companion are varied and as the temperature and radius of the hot subdwarf are varied. We use the measured indices of the composite systems to estimate the temperature and gravity of the late-type star, taking into account the dilution of its spectral features by light from the hot subdwarf.

  12. Hot spots e simmetria Rolando Magnanini

    E-print Network

    Magnanini, Rolando

    Hot spots e simmetria Rolando Magnanini Dipartimento di Matematica "Ulisse Dini" Universit`a di Firenze Firenze, 27 gennaio 2007 Rolando Magnanini Hot spots e simmetria #12;Indice 1 Prime propriet`a dell'hot spot · Comportamento per tempi grandi · Comportamento per tempi piccoli 2 Hot spot stazionario

  13. Hot Work Procedures The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition of combustible and

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Hot Work Procedures Purpose The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition contractor control. Responsibilities The hot work review process shall be conducted by the representative the Hot Work process for any safety discrepancies. The Hot Work Permit must be sent or delivered to EH

  14. HOT Lanes in Houston---Six Years of Experience HOT Lanes in Houston--

    E-print Network

    Burris, Mark W.

    HOT Lanes in Houston---Six Years of Experience 1 HOT Lanes in Houston-- Six Years of ExperienceAbstrAbstrAbstrAbstractactactactact High occupancy/toll (HOT) lanes allow travelers to pay a toll to enter a high occu- pancy vehicle (HOV around the United States are examining the potential development of a HOT lane, only four HOT lanes

  15. Neptune's Wandering Hot Pole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orton, Glenn; Fletcher, Leigh; Yanamandra-Fisher, Padma; Geballe, Tom; Hammel, Heidi; Fujiyoshi, Takuya; Encrenaz, Therese; Hofstadter, Mark; Mousis, Olivier; Fuse, Tetsuharu

    2010-05-01

    Images of stratospheric emission from Neptune obtained in 2006 at ESO's Very Large Telescope (Orton et al., 2007, A&A 473, L5) revealed a near-polar hot spot near 70 deg. S latitude that was detectable in different filters sampling both methane (~7-micron) and ethane (~12-micron) emission from Neptune's stratosphere. Such a feature was not present in 2003 Keck and 2005 Gemini North observations: these showed only a general warming trend towards Neptune's pole that was longitudinally homogeneous. Because of the paucity of longitudinal sampling in the 2003, 2005 and 2006 images, it was not clear whether the failure to see this phenomenon in 2003 and 2005 was simply the result of insufficient longitudinal sampling or whether the phenomenon was truly variable in time. To unravel these two possibilities, we proposed for time on large telescopes that were capable of resolving Neptune at these wavelengths. We were granted time at Gemini South in 2007 using T-Recs, Subaru time in 2008 using the COMICS instrument and VLT time in 2008 and 2009 using VISIR. Two serendipitous T-Recs images of Neptune were also obtained in 2007 using a broad-band N (8-14 micron) filter, whose radiance is dominated by 12-micron ethane emission, and whose primary purpose was navigation of N-band spectroscopy. The feature was re-observed (i) in 2007 in the T-Recs N-band filter and (ii) in 2008 with COMICS in a 12.5-micron image. Unfortunately, none of the telescope time granted was sufficient to sample all longitudes over the 12-hour period of this latitude, and so no definitive separation of the two possibilities was obtained. However, considering the ensemble of images as a random sample of longitudes, it is likely that the phenomenon is ephemeral in time, as it was observed only twice among 9 independent observing epochs. We will continue to request observations to sample all longitudes systematically, but our current sample argues that the phenomenon is truly ephemera, because we most likely would have seen the feature closer to four times in a random sample. If this is the case, the the closest analogy in the Earth's atmosphere is the ephemeral "sudden polar warming" where a warm feature appears that is initially offset from the pole and subsequently drifts toward the pole and becomes centered on it.

  16. Hot conditioning equipment conceptual design report

    SciTech Connect

    Bradshaw, F.W., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-06

    This report documents the conceptual design of the Hot Conditioning System Equipment. The Hot conditioning System will consist of two separate designs: the Hot Conditioning System Equipment; and the Hot Conditioning System Annex. The Hot Conditioning System Equipment Design includes the equipment such as ovens, vacuum pumps, inert gas delivery systems, etc.necessary to condition spent nuclear fuel currently in storage in the K Basins of the Hanford Site. The Hot Conditioning System Annex consists of the facility of house the Hot Conditioning System. The Hot Conditioning System will be housed in an annex to the Canister Storage Building. The Hot Conditioning System will consist of pits in the floor which contain ovens in which the spent nuclear will be conditioned prior to interim storage.

  17. Menopausal hot flashes: Randomness or rhythmicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kronenberg, Fredi

    1991-10-01

    Menopausal hot flashes are episodes of flushing, increased heart rate, skin blood flow and skin temperature, and a sensation of heat. The thermoregulatory and cardiovascular concomitants of hot flashes are associated with peaks in the levels of various hormones and neurotransmitters in the peripheral circulation. Although hot flashes affect about 75% of women, and are the primary reason that women at menopause seek medical attention, the mechanism of hot flashes is still not understood. Hot flashes vary in frequency and intensity both within and between individuals, and have been thought of as occurring randomly. Yet, some women report that their hot flashes are worse at a particular time of day or year. Initial examination of subjects' recordings of their hot flashes showed diurnal patterns of hot flash occurrence. There also seems to be a diurnal rhythm of hot flash intensity. Continuous physiological monitoring of hot flashes is facilitating the analysis of these patterns, which is revealing circadian and ultradian periodicities. The occurrence of hot flashes can be modulated by external and internal factors, including ambient temperature and fever. Rhythms of thermoregulatory and endocrine functions also may influence hot flash patterns. Examination of the interrelationships between the various systems of the body involved in hot flashes, and a multidisciplinary approach to the analysis of hot flash patterns, will aid our understanding of this complex phenomenon.

  18. Promethus Hot Leg Piping Concept

    SciTech Connect

    AM Girbik; PA Dilorenzo

    2006-01-24

    The Naval Reactors Prime Contractor Team (NRPCT) recommended the development of a gas cooled reactor directly coupled to a Brayton energy conversion system as the Space Nuclear Power Plant (SNPP) for NASA's Project Prometheus. The section of piping between the reactor outlet and turbine inlet, designated as the hot leg piping, required unique design features to allow the use of a nickel superalloy rather than a refractory metal as the pressure boundary. The NRPCT evaluated a variety of hot leg piping concepts for performance relative to SNPP system parameters, manufacturability, material considerations, and comparison to past high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) practice. Manufacturability challenges and the impact of pressure drop and turbine entrance temperature reduction on cycle efficiency were discriminators between the piping concepts. This paper summarizes the NRPCT hot leg piping evaluation, presents the concept recommended, and summarizes developmental issues for the recommended concept.

  19. Hot Gas Halos in Galaxies

    SciTech Connect

    Mulchaey, John S. [Carnegie Observatories (United States); Jeltema, Tesla E. [UCO/Lick Observatories (United States)

    2010-06-08

    We use Chandra and XMM-Newton to study how the hot gas content in early-type galaxies varies with environment. We find that the L{sub X}-L{sub K} relationship is steeper for field galaxies than for comparable galaxies in groups and clusters. This suggests that internal processes such as supernovae driven winds or AGN feedback may expel hot gas from low mass field galaxies. Such mechanisms are less effective in groups and clusters where the presence of an intragroup or intracluster medium may confine outflowing material.

  20. Hot water epilepsy with pachygyria.

    PubMed

    Hizem, Yosr; Gargouri, Amina; Ben Djebara, Mouna; Kacem, Imen; Abdelkefi, Istabrak; Jemli, Fethi; Gouider, Riadh

    2012-06-01

    Hot water epilepsy (HWE) refers to a specific type of reflex epilepsy precipitated by the stimulus of bathing in hot water. Pathogenesis is still unknown and temporal lobe has been thought to take part in the epileptogenesis. HWE can be symptomatic of focal cortical malformation, and few cases were reported. This is the third report of HEW in which a parietal malformation has been observed. Our hypothesis that sensory cortex might be implicated in the epileptogenic process is corroborated by two previous reports on patients with HWE and malformation of the parietal cortical development. PMID:21932090

  1. Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    SciTech Connect

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    Slip and Dilation Tendency in focus areas Critically stressed fault segments have a relatively high likelihood of acting as fluid flow conduits (Sibson, 1994). As such, the tendency of a fault segment to slip (slip tendency; Ts; Morris et al., 1996) or to dilate (dilation tendency; Td; Ferrill et al., 1999) provides an indication of which faults or fault segments within a geothermal system are critically stressed and therefore likely to transmit geothermal fluids. The slip tendency of a surface is defined by the ratio of shear stress to normal stress on that surface: Ts = ? / ?n (Morris et al., 1996). Dilation tendency is defined by the stress acting normal to a given surface: Td = (?1-?n) / (?1-?3) (Ferrill et al., 1999). Slip and dilation were calculated using 3DStress (Southwest Research Institute). Slip and dilation tendency are both unitless ratios of the resolved stresses applied to the fault plane by ambient stress conditions. Values range from a maximum of 1, a fault plane ideally oriented to slip or dilate under ambient stress conditions to zero, a fault plane with no potential to slip or dilate. Slip and dilation tendency values were calculated for each fault in the focus study areas at, McGinness Hills, Neal Hot Springs, Patua, Salt Wells, San Emidio, and Tuscarora on fault traces. As dip is not well constrained or unknown for many faults mapped in within these we made these calculations using the dip for each fault that would yield the maximum slip tendency or dilation tendency. As such, these results should be viewed as maximum tendency of each fault to slip or dilate. The resulting along-fault and fault-to-fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault-to-fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Based on inversion of fault kinematic data, Edwards (2013) interpreted that two discrete stress orientations are preserved at Neal Hot Springs. An older episode of east-west directed extension and a younger episode of southwest-northeast directed sinistral, oblique -normal extension. This interpretation is consistent with the evolution of Cenozoic tectonics in the region (Edwards, 2013). As such we applied a southwest-northeast (060) directed normal faulting stress regime, consistent with the younger extensional episode, to the Neal Hot Springs faults. Under these stress conditions northeast striking steeply dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to dilate and northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Under these stress condition...

  2. Solar hot-water system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    Design data brochure describes domestic solar water system that uses direct-feed system designed to produce 80 gallons of 140 F hot water per day to meet needs of single family dwelling. Brochure also reviews annual movements of sun relative to earth and explains geographic considerations in collector orientation and sizing.

  3. Solar Technician Program Blows Hot

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziegler, Peg Moran

    1977-01-01

    A training program for solar heating technicians was initiated at Sonoma State College's School of Environmental Studies for CETA applicants. Among the projects designed and built were a solar alternative energy center, a solar hot water system, and a solar greenhouse. (MF)

  4. Tribology of hot metal forming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H Beynon

    1998-01-01

    Many aspects of the tribology of hot metal forming are poorly understood. This leads to difficulties when modelling the forming operations to develop process improvements. It also handicaps the development of new tool materials, since the operating conditions with which they will have to cope are not fully described. Several key issues in friction, heat transfer, lubrication, wear and fatigue

  5. Hot-air ballooning injuries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman A. Marcus; Edward R. Sweetser; Robert W. Benson

    1981-01-01

    The sport of hot-air ballooning is generally safe, but does place its participants in certain unique circumstances which may predispose them to injury. Fractures of the ankle and compression fractures of the lumbar spine are among the most common skeletal injuries that require ortho paedic care. Attention to basket design, proper education of the passenger, and careful consid eration of

  6. Types of Hot Jupiter Atmospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bisikalo, Dmitry V.; Kaygorodov, Pavel V.; Ionov, Dmitry E.; Shematovich, Valery I.

    Hot Jupiters, i.e. exoplanet gas giants, having masses comparable to the mass of Jupiter and semimajor axes shorter than 0.1 AU, are a unique class of objects. Since they are so close to the host stars, their atmospheres form and evolve under the action of very active gas dynamical processes caused by the gravitational field and irradiation of the host star. As a matter of fact, the atmospheres of several of these planets fill their Roche lobes , which results in a powerful outflow of material from the planet towards the host star. The energy budget of this process is so important that it almost solely governs the evolution of hot Jupiters gaseous envelopes. Based on the years of experience in the simulations of gas dynamics in mass-exchanging close binary stars, we have investigated specific features of hot Jupiters atmospheres. The analytical estimates and results of 3D numerical simulations, discussed in this Chapter, show that the gaseous envelopes around hot Jupiters may be significantly non-spherical and, at the same time, stationary and long-lived. These results are of fundamental importance for the interpretation of observational data.

  7. Upside's Hot 100 Awards: 1999

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The business technology magazine Upside Today authors this list of the "hottest private high-tech companies of 1999." Upside editors considered entrepreneurial passion as well as the "staying power" of companies to be top criteria for the Hot 100 Awards. Each listing includes a company profile with homepage links where available.

  8. Hot Issues at Community Colleges

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The issues listed on this website are a reflection of AACC's strategic action areas. Their intent is to provide users with a cross-section of important issues surrounding community colleges. These issues will change as the scope and intensity of these issues change. Browse through the list of "hot issues" affecting community colleges today.

  9. 16 CFR 1505.51 - Hot surfaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Hot surfaces. 1505.51 Section 1505.51 Commercial Practices...USE BY CHILDREN Policies and Interpretations § 1505.51 Hot surfaces. (a) Test probe. Section...

  10. 16 CFR 1505.51 - Hot surfaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hot surfaces. 1505.51 Section 1505.51 Commercial Practices...USE BY CHILDREN Policies and Interpretations § 1505.51 Hot surfaces. (a) Test probe. Section...

  11. 16 CFR 1505.51 - Hot surfaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Hot surfaces. 1505.51 Section 1505.51 Commercial Practices...USE BY CHILDREN Policies and Interpretations § 1505.51 Hot surfaces. (a) Test probe. Section...

  12. Hot Flashes amd Night Sweats (PDQ)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Questions to Ask Your Doctor about Treatment Research Hot Flashes and Night Sweats (PDQ®) Overview Key Points ... quality of life in many patients with cancer. Hot flashes and night sweats may be side effects ...

  13. Hyperthermia: Too Hot for Your Health

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Calvin | (301) 496-1752 | nianews3@mail.nih.gov Hot summer weather can pose special health risks to ... places and not understanding how to respond to hot weather conditions. Older people, particularly those with chronic ...

  14. 16 CFR 1505.51 - Hot surfaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Hot surfaces. 1505.51 Section 1505.51 Commercial Practices...USE BY CHILDREN Policies and Interpretations § 1505.51 Hot surfaces. (a) Test probe. Section...

  15. 16 CFR 1505.51 - Hot surfaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Hot surfaces. 1505.51 Section 1505.51 Commercial Practices...USE BY CHILDREN Policies and Interpretations § 1505.51 Hot surfaces. (a) Test probe. Section...

  16. Further Studies Of Hot-Wire Anemometry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mckenzie, Robert; Logan, Pamela; Bershader, Daniel

    1990-01-01

    Report discusses factors affecting readings of hot-wire anemometer in turbulent supersonic boundary layer. Represents extension of work described in "Hot-Wire Anemometry Versus Laser-Induced Fluorescence" (ARC-11802). Presents theoretical analysis of responses of hot-wire probe to changes in flow; also compares measurements by hot-wire probe with measurements of same flows by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF).

  17. Hot spot tests for crystalline silicon modules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Wohlgemuth; W. Herrmann

    2005-01-01

    Hot spot heating occurs when a module's operating current exceeds the reduced short circuit current of a shadowed or faulty cell or group of cells within the module. In order to determine whether a crystalline silicon module is adequately protected against hot spots, two hot spot test have been developed and utilized as a part of IEC 61215 \\

  18. Wind information derived from hot air

    E-print Network

    Haak, Hein

    Wind information derived from hot air balloon flights for use in short term wind forecasts E Introduction/Motivation Hot air balloons as wind measuring device Setup of nested HIRLAM models Results · Three, The Nertherlands #12;Hot air balloon ·Displacement/time unit = wind speed ·Vertical resolution 30m ·Inertia (500 kg

  19. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hot work. 1915.14 Section 1915.14 Labor Regulations...Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.14 Hot work. (a) Hot work requiring testing by a Marine Chemist or Coast...

  20. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hot work. 1915.14 Section 1915.14 Labor Regulations...Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.14 Hot work. (a) Hot work requiring testing by a Marine Chemist or Coast...

  1. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hot work. 1915.14 Section 1915.14 Labor Regulations...Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.14 Hot work. (a) Hot work requiring testing by a Marine Chemist or Coast...

  2. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hot work. 1915.14 Section 1915.14 Labor Regulations...Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.14 Hot work. (a) Hot work requiring testing by a Marine Chemist or Coast...

  3. 29 CFR 1915.14 - Hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hot work. 1915.14 Section 1915.14 Labor Regulations...Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.14 Hot work. (a) Hot work requiring testing by a Marine Chemist or Coast...

  4. HOT HYDROGEN IN DIFFUSE CLOUDS

    SciTech Connect

    Cecchi-Pestellini, Cesare [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Strada n.54, Loc. Poggio dei Pini, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy); Duley, Walt W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Williams, David A., E-mail: ccp@oa-cagliari.inaf.it, E-mail: wwduley@uwaterloo.ca, E-mail: daw@star.ucl.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-20

    Laboratory evidence suggests that recombination of adsorbed radicals may cause an abrupt temperature excursion of a dust grain to about 1000 K. One consequence of this is the rapid desorption of adsorbed H{sub 2} molecules with excitation temperatures of this magnitude. We compute the consequences of injection of hot H{sub 2} into cold diffuse interstellar gas at a rate of 1% of the canonical H{sub 2} formation rate. We find that the level populations of H{sub 2} in J = 3, 4, and 5 are close to observed values, and that the abundances of CH{sup +} and OH formed in reactions with hot hydrogen are close to the values obtained from observations of diffuse clouds.

  5. Hot isostatic pressing of ceramics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Honma, K.

    1985-01-01

    A mixture containing glass 70 to 95 and BN or B4C powder (0.1-10 microns) 5 to 30 vol. % is used as a secondary pressure medium in hot isostatic pressing of ceramics. Thus, Pyrex beads were mixed with 15% vol. BN powder (average diameter 2 microns), fused at 1400 deg for 2 h, cooled, crushed, and put into a graphite crucible. A Si3N4 sintered body was embedded in the powder, heated in vacuum at 1200 deg for 2 h, treated in a hot isostatic press furnace at 1700 deg and 1000 atm. for 1 h, and cooled to give a Si3N4 ceramic. It was easily separated from the crucible.

  6. Hot atom chemistry and radiopharmaceuticals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krohn, Kenneth A.; Moerlein, Stephen M.; Link, Jeanne M.; Welch, Michael J.

    2012-12-01

    The chemical products made in a cyclotron target are a combined result of the chemical effects of the nuclear transformation that made the radioactive atom and the bulk radiolysis in the target. This review uses some well-known examples to understand how hot atom chemistry explains the primary products from a nuclear reaction and then how radiation chemistry is exploited to set up the optimal product for radiosynthesis. It also addresses the chemical effects of nuclear decay. There are important principles that are common to hot atom chemistry and radiopharmaceutical chemistry. Both emphasize short-lived radionuclides and manipulation of high specific activity nuclides. Furthermore, they both rely on radiochromatographic separation for identification of no-carrieradded products.

  7. Hot Springs Metropolitan Planning Organization 2030 Long Range Transportation Plan

    E-print Network

    Hot Springs Metropolitan Planning Organization

    2005-11-03

    Hot Springs Area Metropolitan Planning Organization 100 Broadway Terrace Hot Springs, Arkansas 71901 Adopted November 3, 2005 HSA-MPO 2030 LRTPii Participating Agencies Garland County Hot... Spring County City of Hot Springs City of Mountain Pine Hot Springs Village The Greater Hot Springs Chamber of Commerce The Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department In Cooperation With United States Department of Transportation...

  8. Hot Strange Stars. III. Stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hajyan, G. S.; Alaverdyan, A. G.

    2015-06-01

    The stability of hot strange stars (HSS) is studied. It is shown that a static stability criterion can be used to determine the stability of these stars. It is also found that stability is lost after the maximum mass in the mass-central density curves for isothermal series of HSS. These two points are so close that, as a first approximation, the maximum point can be regarded as the point at which the isothermal series of HSS loses stability.

  9. Silicon Hot-Electron Bolometers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stevenson, Thomas R.; Hsieh, Wen-Ting; Mitchell, Robert R.; Isenberg, Hal D.; Stahle, Carl M.; Cao, Nga T.; Schneider, Gideon; Travers, Douglas E.; Moseley, S. Harvey; Wollack, Edward J.

    2004-01-01

    We discuss a new type of direct detector, a silicon hot-electron bolometer, for measurements in the far-infrared and submillimeter spectral ranges. High performance bolometers can be made using the electron-phonon conductance in heavily doped silicon to provide thermal isolation from the cryogenic bath. Noise performance is expected to be near thermodynamic limits, allowing background limited performance for many far infrared and submillimeter photometric and spectroscopic applications.

  10. ADVANCED HOT GAS FILTER DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect

    E.S. Connolly; G.D. Forsythe

    1998-12-22

    Advanced, coal-based power plants will require durable and reliable hot gas filtration systems to remove particulate contaminants from the gas streams to protect downstream components such as turbine blades from erosion damage. It is expected that the filter elements in these systems will have to be made of ceramic materials to withstand goal service temperatures of 1600 F or higher. Recent demonstration projects and pilot plant tests have indicated that the current generation of ceramic hot gas filters (cross-flow and candle configurations) are failing prematurely. Two of the most promising materials that have been extensively evaluated are clay-bonded silicon carbide and alumina-mullite porous monoliths. These candidates, however, have been found to suffer progressive thermal shock fatigue damage, as a result of rapid cooling/heating cycles. Such temperature changes occur when the hot filters are back-pulsed with cooler gas to clean them, or in process upset conditions, where even larger gas temperature changes may occur quickly and unpredictably. In addition, the clay-bonded silicon carbide materials are susceptible to chemical attack of the glassy binder phase that holds the SiC particles together, resulting in softening, strength loss, creep, and eventual failure.

  11. ESA uncovers Geminga's `hot spot'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-07-01

    16 July 2004 Astronomers using ESA’s X-ray observatory XMM-Newton have detected a small, bright ‘hot spot’ on the surface of the neutron star called Geminga, 500 light-years away. The hot spot is the size of a football field and is caused by the same mechanism producing Geminga’s X-ray tails. This discovery identifies the missing link between the X-ray and gamma-ray emission from Geminga. hi-res Size hi-res: 1284 kb Credits: ESA, P. Caraveo (IASF, Milan) Geminga's hot spot This figure shows the effects of charged particles accelerated in the magnetosphere of Geminga. Panel (a) shows an image taken with the EPIC instrument on board the XMM-Newton observatory. The bright tails, made of particles kicked out by Geminga’s strong magnetic field, trail the neutron star as it moves about in space. Panel (b) shows how electrically charged particles interact with Geminga’s magnetic field. For example, if electrons (blue) are kicked out by the star, positrons (in red) hit the star’s magnetic poles like in an ‘own goal’. Panel (c) illustrates the size of Geminga’s magnetic field (blue) compared to that of the star itself at the centre (purple). The magnetic field is tilted with respect to Geminga’s rotation axis (red). Panel (d) shows the magnetic poles of Geminga, where charged particles hit the surface of the star, creating a two-million degrees hot spot, a region much hotter than the surroundings. As the star spins on its rotation axis, the hot spot comes into view and then disappears, causing the periodic colour change seen by XMM-Newton. An animated version of the entire sequence can be found at: Click here for animated GIF [low resolution, animated GIF, 5536 KB] Click here for AVI [high resolution, AVI with DIVX compression, 19128 KB] hi-res Size hi-res: 371 kb Credits: ESA, P. Caraveo (IASF, Milan) Geminga's hot spot, panel (a) Panel (a) shows an image taken with the EPIC instrument on board the XMM-Newton observatory. The bright tails, made of particles kicked out by Geminga’s strong magnetic field, trail the neutron star as it moves about in space. hi-res Size hi-res: 377 kb Credits: ESA, P. Caraveo (IASF, Milan) Geminga's hot spot, panel (b) Panel (b) shows how electrically charged particles interact with Geminga’s magnetic field. For example, if electrons (blue) are kicked out by the star, positrons (red) hit the star’s magnetic poles like in an ‘own goal’. hi-res Size hi-res: 435 kb Credits: ESA, P. Caraveo (IASF, Milan) Geminga's hot spot, panel (c) Panel (c) illustrates the size of Geminga’s magnetic field (blue) compared to that of the star itself at the centre (purple). The magnetic field is tilted with respect to Geminga’s rotation axis (red). hi-res Size hi-res: 121 kb Credits: ESA, P. Caraveo (IASF, Milan) Geminga's hot spot, panel (d) Panel (d) shows the magnetic poles of Geminga, where charged particles hit the surface of the star, creating a two-million degree hot spot, a region much hotter than the surroundings. As the star spins on its rotation axis, the hot spot comes into view and then disappears, causing the periodic colour change seen by XMM-Newton. Neutron stars are the smallest kind of stars known. They are the super-dense remnants of massive stars that died in cataclysmic explosions called supernovae. They have been thrown through space like cannonballs and set spinning at a furious rate, with magnetic fields hundreds of billions of times stronger than Earth’s. In the case of Geminga, this cannonball contains one and a half times the mass of the Sun, squeezed into a sphere just 20 kilometres across and spinning four times every second. A cloud bustling with electrically charged particles surrounds Geminga. These particles are shepherded by its magnetic and electric fields. ESA’s XMM-Newton observatory had already discovered that some of these particles are ejected into space, forming tails that stream behind the neutron star as it hurtles along. Scientists did not know whether Geminga’s tails are formed by electrons or by their twin particles with an opposite e

  12. Image Storage in Hot Vapors

    E-print Network

    L. Zhao; T. Wang; Y. Xiao; S. F. Yelin

    2007-10-22

    We theoretically investigate image propagation and storage in hot atomic vapor. A $4f$ system is adopted for imaging and an atomic vapor cell is placed over the transform plane. The Fraunhofer diffraction pattern of an object in the object plane can thus be transformed into atomic Raman coherence according to the idea of ``light storage''. We investigate how the stored diffraction pattern evolves under diffusion. Our result indicates, under appropriate conditions, that an image can be reconstructed with high fidelity. The main reason for this procedure to work is the fact that diffusion of opposite-phase components of the diffraction pattern interfere destructively.

  13. ADVANCED HOT GAS FILTER DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect

    Matthew R. June; John L. Hurley; Mark W. Johnson

    1999-04-01

    Iron aluminide hot gas filters have been developed using powder metallurgy techniques to form seamless cylinders. Three alloys were short-term corrosion tested in simulated IGCC atmospheres with temperatures between 925 F and 1200 F with hydrogen sulfide concentrations ranging from 783 ppm{sub v} to 78,300 ppm{sub v}. Long-term testing was conducted for 1500 hours at 925 F with 78,300 ppm{sub v}. The FAS and FAL alloys were found to be corrosion resistant in the simulated environments. The FAS alloy has been commercialized.

  14. Subminiature Hot-Wire Probes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Westphal, R. V.; Lemos, F. R.; Ligrani, P. M.

    1989-01-01

    Class of improved subminiature hot-wire flow-measuring probes developed. Smaller sizes yield improved resolution in measurements of practical aerodynamic flows. Probe made in one-wire, two-perpendicular-wire, and three-perpendicular-wire version for measurement of one, two, or all three components of flow. Oriented and positioned on micromanipulator stage and viewed under microscope during fabrication. Tested by taking measurements in constant-pressure turbulent boundary layer. New probes give improved measurements of turbulence quantities near surfaces and anisotropies of flows strongly influence relative errors caused by phenomena related to spatial resolution.

  15. Coral Reefs in Hot Water

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-03

    In this activity, student teams identify the locations of coral reefs around the world, examine infrared satellite images of the Earth, and research the impacts that are threatening the survival of coral reefs. Each team creates a short oral presentation describing the coral reef they have researched. Students then plot on a composite map the locations where coral bleaching is occurring. Student worksheets, a teacher guide, and assessment rubric are included. This activity is part of Coastal Areas: Coral Reefs in Hot Water, part of the lesson series, The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change.

  16. Coping with Hot Work Environments 

    E-print Network

    Smith, David

    2005-04-28

    lead to death. Coping with Hot Work Environments When heat stroke is suspected, summon an ambu- lance immediately. Move the worker to a cool area and thoroughly soak his or her clothes with water. Fan the body vigorously to increase... are painful muscle spasms caused by losing salt in perspiration. Workers who drink much water but do not replace salt are prone to heat cramps because drinking water dilutes the body?s fluids, with- out replacing salt. Soon, the low salt in the muscles...

  17. Hot oxygen corona of Mars

    SciTech Connect

    Ip, W.H.

    1988-10-01

    Electron dissociative recombination of O2(+) ions in the Venus ionosphere, which may be an important source of suprathermal atomic oxygen, is presently considered as a factor in the Mars exosphere; due to the weaker surface gravitational attraction of Mars, a hot oxygen corona thus formed would be denser than that of Venus at altitudes greater than 2000 km despite Mars' lower ionospheric content. If such an extended oxygen corona does exist on Mars, its collisional interaction with Phobos would lead to the formation of an oxygen gas torus whose average number density is of the order of only 1-2/cu cm along the Phobos orbit. 51 references.

  18. How Hot is That Star

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jim Meunier

    This resource is part of the Science Education Gateway (SEGway) project, funded by NASA, which is a national consortium of scientists, museums, and educators working together to bring the latest science to students, teachers, and the general public. How hot is the Sun? How do scientists know? Students perform guided Web research through several sites on solar astronomy to answer theses questions, and more: how to measure the temperature of any star, and how astronomers use Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagrams to classify stars by temperature and luminosity. This unit is divided into six lessons, and contains feedback from other educators who have used this module.

  19. Hot Flow Anomalies at Venus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collinson, G. A.; Sibeck, David Gary; Boardsen, Scott A.; Moore, Tom; Barabash, S.; Masters, A.; Shane, N.; Slavin, J.A.; Coates, A.J.; Zhang, T. L.; Sarantos, M.

    2012-01-01

    We present a multi-instrument study of a hot flow anomaly (HFA) observed by the Venus Express spacecraft in the Venusian foreshock, on 22 March 2008, incorporating both Venus Express Magnetometer and Analyzer of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms (ASPERA) plasma observations. Centered on an interplanetary magnetic field discontinuity with inward convective motional electric fields on both sides, with a decreased core field strength, ion observations consistent with a flow deflection, and bounded by compressive heated edges, the properties of this event are consistent with those of HFAs observed at other planets within the solar system.

  20. Axion hot dark matter bounds

    E-print Network

    G. Raffelt; S. Hannestad; A. Mirizzi; Y. Y. Y. Wong

    2008-08-06

    We derive cosmological limits on two-component hot dark matter consisting of neutrinos and axions. We restrict the large-scale structure data to the safely linear regime, excluding the Lyman-alpha forest. We derive Bayesian credible regions in the two-parameter space consisting of m_a and sum(m_nu). Marginalizing over sum(m_nu) provides m_a<1.02 eV (95% CL). In the absence of axions the same data and methods give sum(m_nu)< 0.63 eV (95% CL).

  1. Advanced Hot-Gas Desulfurization Sorbents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Jothimurugesan; S. K. Gangwal; R. Gupta; B. S. Turk

    1997-01-01

    Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power systems are being advanced worldwide for generating electricity from coal due to their superior environmental performance, economics, and efficiency in comparison to conventional coal-based power plants. Hot gas cleanup offers the potential for higher plant thermal efficiencies and lower cost. A key subsystem of hot-gas cleanup is hot-gas desulfurization using regenerable sorbents. Sorbents based

  2. HotBits: Genuine Random Numbers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Walker, John

    HotBits is a genuine random number generator powered by radioactive decay. Simply click the "Request HotBits" link, and specify how many bytes you would like (up to 2048) and in what form you prefer them. Hexadecimal returns numbers and letters, while C language returns integers. Then click the "Get HotBits" button, and your random numbers will appear on the screen.

  3. A&M. TAN607, interior of hot shop. Project underway in hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    A&M. TAN-607, interior of hot shop. Project underway in hot shop. Note festoon wiring, manipulators, apparatus for shielding. Date: 1966. INEEL negative no. 66-6309 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  4. Hot Jupiters: Lands of Plenty

    E-print Network

    David Charbonneau

    2005-11-22

    In late August 2005, 80 researchers from more than 15 countries convened for a 4-day conference entitled ``The Tenth Anniversary of 51 Peg b: Status and Prospects for Hot Jupiter Studies''. The meeting was held at l'Observatoire de Haute-Provence, the location of the 1.93-m telescope and ELODIE spectrograph used to discover the planetary companion to 51 Peg roughly 10 years ago. I summarize several dominant themes that emerged from the meeting, including (i) recent improvements in the precision of radial velocity measurements of nearby, Sun-like stars, (ii) the continued value of individual, newly-discovered planets of novel character to expand the parameter space with which the theory must contend, and (iii) the crucial role of space-based observatories in efforts to characterize hot Jupiter planets. I also present the returns of an informal poll of the conference attendees conducted on the last day of the meeting, which may be amusing to revisit a decade hence.

  5. Hohlraum Hot-Electron Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Regan, S. P.; Sangster, T. C.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Seka, W.; Yaakobi, B.; McCrory, R. L.; Stoeckl, C.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Meezan, N. B.; Kruer, W. L.; Suter, L. J.; Williams, E. A.; Jones, O. S.; Callahan, D. A.; Rosen, M. D.; Landen, O. L.; Glenzer, S. H.; Sorce, C.; MacGowan, B. J.

    2007-11-01

    The coupling of laser energy into hot e^-'s was investigated for Au hohlraums on OMEGA using the hard-x-ray diagnostic. Forty beams smoothed with phase plates and arranged in three cones irradiated vacuum, SiO2-lined, and gas-filled targets with a 14-kJ PS26 pulse shape. Two bursts of x rays were observed from gas-filled hohlraums. The first (Th˜ 100 keV) occurs as the LEH window explodes and is likely generated by the 2?pe instability or by cooperatively driven SRS. The second (Th˜ 50 keV) coincides with SRS during the main drive. The hot e^- coupling increased with ne from 2 to 9 x 10^20cm-3 and increases during the main drive of a CH-lined LEH hohlraum if ne <= 4 x 10^20 cm-3, where ne is the initial ne of the fully ionized gas fill. Vacuum and SiO2-lined targets (no LEH window) had a lower-level, single-x-ray burst during the main drive. Quantitative coupling estimates will be given. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inertial Confinement Fusion under Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC52-92SF19460.

  6. ADVANCED HOT GAS FILTER DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect

    E.S. Connolly; G.D. Forsythe

    2000-09-30

    DuPont Lanxide Composites, Inc. undertook a sixty-month program, under DOE Contract DEAC21-94MC31214, in order to develop hot gas candle filters from a patented material technology know as PRD-66. The goal of this program was to extend the development of this material as a filter element and fully assess the capability of this technology to meet the needs of Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power generation systems at commercial scale. The principal objective of Task 3 was to build on the initial PRD-66 filter development, optimize its structure, and evaluate basic material properties relevant to the hot gas filter application. Initially, this consisted of an evaluation of an advanced filament-wound core structure that had been designed to produce an effective bulk filter underneath the barrier filter formed by the outer membrane. The basic material properties to be evaluated (as established by the DOE/METC materials working group) would include mechanical, thermal, and fracture toughness parameters for both new and used material, for the purpose of building a material database consistent with what is being done for the alternative candle filter systems. Task 3 was later expanded to include analysis of PRD-66 candle filters, which had been exposed to actual PFBC conditions, development of an improved membrane, and installation of equipment necessary for the processing of a modified composition. Task 4 would address essential technical issues involving the scale-up of PRD-66 candle filter manufacturing from prototype production to commercial scale manufacturing. The focus would be on capacity (as it affects the ability to deliver commercial order quantities), process specification (as it affects yields, quality, and costs), and manufacturing systems (e.g. QA/QC, materials handling, parts flow, and cost data acquisition). Any filters fabricated during this task would be used for product qualification tests being conducted by Westinghouse at Foster-Wheeler's Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFBC) test facility in Karhula, Finland. Task 5 was designed to demonstrate the improvements implemented in Task 4 by fabricating fifty 1.5-meter hot gas filters. These filters were to be made available for DOE-sponsored field trials at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), operated by Southern Company Services in Wilsonville, Alabama.

  7. Solar Energy for Space Heating & Hot Water.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Energy Research and Development Administration, Washington, DC. Div. of Solar Energy.

    This pamphlet reviews the direct transfer of solar energy into heat, particularly for the purpose of providing space and hot water heating needs. Owners of buildings and homes are provided with a basic understanding of solar heating and hot water systems: what they are, how they perform, the energy savings possible, and the cost factors involved.…

  8. Fracture toughness of hot-pressed beryllium

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lemon, D. D.; Brown, W. F., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an investigation into the fracture toughness, sustained-load flaw growth, and fatigue-crack propagation resistance of S200E hot-pressed beryllium at room temperature. It also reviews the literature pertaining to the influence of various factors on the fracture toughness of hot-pressed beryllium determined using fatigue-cracked specimens.

  9. Is Hot Spot Policing Effective Empirically?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua R. Battin

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the literature used to argue hot spot policing is an effective crime reduction technique. More specifically Sherman, Farrington, Welsh, and MacKenzie (2002) used five experimental or quasi-experimental studies that were given a Maryland Scientific Methods Scale (SMS) of 3 or greater. The authors posited that these five articles provide enough evidence to establish that hot spot policing

  10. What's hot in Machine Learning? Anima Anandkumar

    E-print Network

    Anandkumar, Animashree

    ;Challenges in Feature Learning In practice Deep learning has provided impressive gains. Parameter trainingWhat's hot in Machine Learning? Anima Anandkumar U.C. Irvine #12;What's hot in ML: Representation Learning Feature Engineering Learn good features/representations for classification tasks, e.g. image

  11. FOOD AND DRINK REGULATIONS Serving hot food

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    1 FOOD AND DRINK REGULATIONS Serving hot food Home made hot food may not be served at events conditions must be adhered to: · The caterer must have HSE Food Hygiene Certification, which is to be approved by the College Catering Manager two weeks in advance of any event. · The provider of the food

  12. Hot-Air Ballooning in Physics Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugland, Ole Anton

    1991-01-01

    Describes the modern hot-air balloon and the physics of ballooning. Proposes that students construct their own hot-air balloon and presents an experiment calculating the time needed for a balloon to rise to the ceiling of a gymnasium. (MDH)

  13. Hot-dry-rock feasibility study

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    The hot-dry-rock project tasks are covered as follows: hot-dry-rock reservoir; generation facilities; water resources; transmission requirements; environmental issues; government and community institutional factors; leasing, ownership and management of facilities; regulations, permits, and laws; and financial considerations. (MHR)

  14. HOT Lane Policies and Their Implications

    E-print Network

    Goel, Rahul

    2011-08-08

    High-Occupancy toll (HOT) lanes allow lower-occupant vehicles (LOVs) to use a HOV lane for a fee, while maintaining free travel to qualifying HOVs. HOT lanes are gaining interest throughout the country as a strategy for meeting multiple performance...

  15. Variational Theory of Hot Dense Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukherjee, Abhishek

    2009-01-01

    We develop a variational theory of hot nuclear matter in neutron stars and supernovae. It can also be used to study charged, hot nuclear matter which may be produced in heavy-ion collisions. This theory is a generalization of the variational theory of cold nuclear and neutron star matter based on realistic models of nuclear forces and pair…

  16. Demonstrating Integrated Pest Management of Hot Peppers

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We studied the effects of organic and synthetic chemical fertilizers on crop growth, yield and associated insect pests for two varieties of hot pepper, Capsicum chinense Jacquin (Solanaceae): “Scotch Bonnet” and “Caribbean Red” in north Florida. Hot peppers were grown under three treatments: poultr...

  17. The Hot Hand Belief and Framing Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacMahon, Clare; Köppen, Jörn; Raab, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Recent evidence of the hot hand in sport--where success breeds success in a positive recency of successful shots, for instance--indicates that this pattern does not actually exist. Yet the belief persists. We used 2 studies to explore the effects of framing on the hot hand belief in sport. We looked at the effect of sport experience and…

  18. "Hot Tub Rash" and "Swimmer's Ear" (Pseudomonas)

    MedlinePLUS

    Facts About “Hot Tub Rash” and “Swimmer’s Ear” (Pseudomonas) What is Pseudomonas and how can it affect me? Pseudomonas (sue-doh- ... a major cause of infections commonly known as “hot tub rash” and “swimmer’s ear.” This germ is ...

  19. Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section 395 Pine Tree Rd. Suite 210 Ithaca, NY 14850 607.255.8200 5.24.10 Please return sign-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. "Hot Work" is defined as any temporary

  20. HOT or Not: Driver Elasticity to Price and Alternative Pricing Strategies on the MnPASS HOT Lanes

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    HOT or Not: Driver Elasticity to Price and Alternative Pricing Strategies on the MnPASS HOT LanesPASS High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes on two freeway corridors in the Twin Cities. While not the first HOT three minutes according to HOT lane vehicle density. Given the infancy of systems like MnPASS, questions

  1. Hot spots of mutualistic networks.

    PubMed

    Gilarranz, Luis J; Sabatino, Malena; Aizen, Marcelo A; Bascompte, Jordi

    2014-11-17

    Incorporating interactions into a biogeographical framework may serve to understand how interactions and the services they provide are distributed in space. We begin by simulating the spatiotemporal dynamics of realistic mutualistic networks inhabiting spatial networks of habitat patches. We proceed by comparing the predicted patterns with the empirical results of a set of pollination networks in isolated hills of the Argentinian Pampas. We first find that one needs to sample up to five times as much area to record interactions as would be needed to sample the same proportion of species. Secondly, we find that peripheral patches have fewer interactions and harbour less nested networks - therefore potentially less resilient communities - compared to central patches. Our results highlight the important role played by the structure of dispersal routes on the spatial distribution of community patterns. This may help to understand the formation of biodiversity hot spots. PMID:25402941

  2. Hot Stars in Globular Clusters

    E-print Network

    S. Moehler

    1998-12-08

    Blue horizontal branch and UV bright stars in several globular clusters are analysed spectroscopically and the results are compared with predictions of stellar evolutionary theory. We find that the distribution of temperatures and surface gravities of the blue HB stars may be explained by the effects of deep mixing. The masses derived for these stars are too low unless one uses the long distance scale for globular clusters. First results on blue HB stars in metal rich clusters are presented. Analyses of hot UV bright stars in globular clusters uncovered a lack of genuine post-asymptotic giant branch stars which may explain the lack of planetary nebulae in globular clusters seen by Jacoby et al. (1997). Abundance analyses of post-AGB stars in two globular clusters suggest that gas and dust may separate during the AGB phase.

  3. Ceramic hot-gas filter

    DOEpatents

    Connolly, E.S.; Forsythe, G.D.; Domanski, D.M.; Chambers, J.A.; Rajendran, G.P.

    1999-05-11

    A ceramic hot-gas candle filter is described having a porous support of filament-wound oxide ceramic yarn at least partially surrounded by a porous refractory oxide ceramic matrix, and a membrane layer on at least one surface thereof. The membrane layer may be on the outer surface, the inner surface, or both the outer and inner surface of the porous support. The membrane layer may be formed of an ordered arrangement of circularly wound, continuous filament oxide ceramic yarn, a ceramic filler material which is less permeable than the filament-wound support structure, or some combination of continuous filament and filler material. A particularly effective membrane layer features circularly wound filament with gaps intentionally placed between adjacent windings, and a filler material of ceramic particulates uniformly distributed throughout the gap region. The filter can withstand thermal cycling during back pulse cleaning and is resistant to chemical degradation at high temperatures.

  4. THz semiconductor hot electron bolometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobrovolsky, V. N.; Sizov, F. F.

    2006-02-01

    A model of fast Semiconductor Hot Electron Bolometer (SHEB) is developed. In this bolometer radiation heats only electrons in bipolar semiconductor without inertial lattice heating. For conditions proposed, such heating changes both generation and recombination processes, that leads to the electron and hole concentration decreases. This and the electron mobility decrease, because of their heating, cause the semiconductor resistance rise, which is used for the output signal creation. Semiconductors with the high conductivity, mobility and electron energy relaxation time are important for the SHEB manufacturing. Narrow-gap semiconductors have such properties, and therefore the bolometer model is constructed for them. According to this model the SHEB on base of Hg 0.8Cd 0.2Te at temperature of 77 K can have detectivity of (0.3-2)10 7 cmHz 1/2/W for radiation frequency (0.01-1.5) THz.

  5. Hot Flow Anomalies at Venus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collinson, G. A.; Sibeck, D. G.; Masters, A.; Shane, N.; Slavin, J. A.; Coates, A. J.; Zhang, T.; Boardsen, S. A.; Moore, T. E.; Barabash, S.

    2011-12-01

    We present a multi-instrument study of a Hot Flow Anomaly (HFA) observed by the Venus Express spacecraft in the Venutian foreshock, expanding on an initial study by Slavin et al [2009] that employed magnetometer observations of an HFA-like event during the flyby of NASA's Messenger spacecraft. Whilst the Messenger events were indicative of an HFA, they were unable to demonstrate the unambiguous signatures of plasma heating or deflection due to the paucity of data. We examine the complex internal structure of a Venutian HFA on the 22nd of March 2008, incorporating both Venus Express magnetometer and ASPERA plasma observations to demonstrate the presence of plasma heating within one such event. Centered on an interplanetary discontinuity and bounded by shock, the properties of this event are consistent with those of HFA's observed at other planets within the Solar System. Finally, we present a discussion of the implications of an HFA on the planet Venus.

  6. Hot Dry Rock; Geothermal Energy

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1990-01-01

    The commercial utilization of geothermal energy forms the basis of the largest renewable energy industry in the world. More than 5000 Mw of electrical power are currently in production from approximately 210 plants and 10 000 Mw thermal are used in direct use processes. The majority of these systems are located in the well defined geothermal generally associated with crustal plate boundaries or hot spots. The essential requirements of high subsurface temperature with huge volumes of exploitable fluids, coupled to environmental and market factors, limit the choice of suitable sites significantly. The Hot Dry Rock (HDR) concept at any depth originally offered a dream of unlimited expansion for the geothermal industry by relaxing the location constraints by drilling deep enough to reach adequate temperatures. Now, after 20 years intensive work by international teams and expenditures of more than $250 million, it is vital to review the position of HDR in relation to the established geothermal industry. The HDR resource is merely a body of rock at elevated temperatures with insufficient fluids in place to enable the heat to be extracted without the need for injection wells. All of the major field experiments in HDR have shown that the natural fracture systems form the heat transfer surfaces and that it is these fractures that must be for geothermal systems producing from naturally fractured formations provide a basis for directing the forthcoming but, equally, they require accepting significant location constraints on HDR for the time being. This paper presents a model HDR system designed for commercial operations in the UK and uses production data from hydrothermal systems in Japan and the USA to demonstrate the reservoir performance requirements for viable operations. It is shown that these characteristics are not likely to be achieved in host rocks without stimulation processes. However, the long term goal of artificial geothermal systems developed by systematic engineering procedures at depth may still be attained if high temperature sites with extensive fracturing are developed or exploited. [DJE -2005

  7. Impact of substrate injected hot electrons on hot carrier degradation in a 180-nm NMOSFET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liang, Bin; Chen, Jian-Jun; Chi, Ya-Qing

    2014-11-01

    Although hot carriers induced degradation of NMOSFETs has been studied for decades, the role of hot electron in this process is still debated. In this paper, the additional substrate hot electrons have been intentionally injected into the oxide layer to analyze the role of hot electron in hot carrier degradation. The enhanced degradation and the decreased time exponent appear with the injected hot electrons increasing, the degradation increases from 21.80% to 62.00% and the time exponent decreases from 0.59 to 0.27 with Vb decreasing from 0 V to ?4 V, at the same time, the recovery also becomes remarkable and which strongly depends on the post stress gate bias Vg. Based on the experimental results, more unrecovered interface traps are created by the additional injected hot electron from the breaking Si–H bond, but the oxide trapped negative charges do not increase after a rapid recovery.

  8. 29 CFR 1915.503 - Precautions for hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Precautions for hot work. 1915.503 Section 1915.503...Employment § 1915.503 Precautions for hot work. (a) General requirements ...The employer may designate areas for hot work in sites such as vessels,...

  9. 29 CFR 1915.503 - Precautions for hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Precautions for hot work. 1915.503 Section 1915.503...Employment § 1915.503 Precautions for hot work. (a) General requirements ...The employer may designate areas for hot work in sites such as vessels,...

  10. 29 CFR 1915.503 - Precautions for hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Precautions for hot work. 1915.503 Section 1915.503...Employment § 1915.503 Precautions for hot work. (a) General requirements ...The employer may designate areas for hot work in sites such as vessels,...

  11. 14 CFR 25.961 - Fuel system hot weather operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Fuel system hot weather operation. 25.961 Section...Fuel System § 25.961 Fuel system hot weather operation. (a) The fuel system must perform satisfactorily in hot weather operation. This...

  12. 14 CFR 25.961 - Fuel system hot weather operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Fuel system hot weather operation. 25.961 Section...Fuel System § 25.961 Fuel system hot weather operation. (a) The fuel system must perform satisfactorily in hot weather operation. This...

  13. 7 CFR 305.22 - Hot water immersion treatment schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hot water immersion treatment schedules. ...TREATMENTS Heat Treatments § 305.22 Hot water immersion treatment schedules. ...4 inches below the water's surface in a hot water immersion treatment tank...

  14. 14 CFR 25.961 - Fuel system hot weather operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Fuel system hot weather operation. 25.961 Section...Fuel System § 25.961 Fuel system hot weather operation. (a) The fuel system must perform satisfactorily in hot weather operation. This...

  15. 14 CFR 25.961 - Fuel system hot weather operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Fuel system hot weather operation. 25.961 Section...Fuel System § 25.961 Fuel system hot weather operation. (a) The fuel system must perform satisfactorily in hot weather operation. This...

  16. 29 CFR 1915.503 - Precautions for hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Precautions for hot work. 1915.503 Section 1915.503...Employment § 1915.503 Precautions for hot work. (a) General requirements ...The employer may designate areas for hot work in sites such as vessels,...

  17. 14 CFR 25.961 - Fuel system hot weather operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Fuel system hot weather operation. 25.961 Section...Fuel System § 25.961 Fuel system hot weather operation. (a) The fuel system must perform satisfactorily in hot weather operation. This...

  18. 29 CFR 1915.503 - Precautions for hot work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Precautions for hot work. 1915.503 Section 1915.503...Employment § 1915.503 Precautions for hot work. (a) General requirements ...The employer may designate areas for hot work in sites such as vessels,...

  19. Hot context for organizational learning Charlotte FILLOL, Phd Student

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Hot context for organizational learning Charlotte FILLOL, Phd Student CREPA, Research center. This contribution aims at fixing and explaining hot organizational learning context dimensions. This approach. Second, this analysis suggests a framework for hot context that emphasized managerial leverages

  20. 1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BUILDING THAT HOUSES THE HOT ROLL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BUILDING THAT HOUSES THE HOT ROLL MILL, ALSO KNOWN AS THE NO. 31 HOT ROLL MILL; LOOKING SOUTHWEST - American Brass Company, Kenosha Works, Hot Roll Mill, Kenosha, Kenosha County, WI

  1. New insights into hot outflows from AGN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKernan, B.; Reynolds, C. S.; Yaqoob, T.

    2005-12-01

    Two-thirds of type I AGN exhibit outflows of ionized absorbing gas. The location, origin and dynamics of these ionized outflows are poorly understood. I will present the results from the first uniform analysis of the ionized absorbers in a small sample of type I AGN observed with the gratings on board the Chandra X-ray telescope. Our results for the hot outflows from AGN agree well with the model of Krolik & Kriss of photoionized evaporation of a dusty torus. The mass carried by the hot outflows seems very high; it is comparable with the expected accretion rate onto the black hole, as predicted by Krolik & Kriss. The measured distance of the hot gas from the continuum source is also consistent with the Krolik & Kriss model, if the electron density in the hot gas is ? 108 {cm}-3. The Elvis model of hot outflows from AGN, namely a vertical disk wind, blown outwards in a funnel-shaped outflow, is much more strongly constrained by our work. The parameter space of the hot outflows is relatively small, suggesting both a narrow angle of AGN inclination and a narrow range of parameters for the disk wind. The Elvis model predicts that the Fe K line is produced in the hot outflow and not in the accretion disk. However, we find that there is no correlation between the equivalent width of the Fe K line and the column density of gas in the hot outflow. One new result was only obtainable from a uniform analysis of a sample of AGN. We find, intriguingly, that the larger the rate of growth of the AGN central black hole, apparently the smaller the velocity of the hot outflow. We gratefully acknowledge support from NSF grant AST0205990 & from Coastal Carolina University.

  2. Outflow from Hot Accretion Flows

    E-print Network

    Yuan, Feng; Wu, Maochun

    2012-01-01

    Numerical simulations of hot accretion flows have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius. Two models have been proposed to explain this result. In the adiabatic inflow-outflow solution (ADIOS), it is thought to be due to the loss of gas in outflows. In the convection-dominated accretion flow (CDAF) model, it is explained as because that the gas is locked in convective eddies. In this paper we use hydrodynamical (HD) and magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) simulations to investigate which one is physical. We calculate and compare various properties of inflow (gas with an inward velocity) and outflow (gas with an outward velocity). Systematic and significant differences are found. For example, for HD flows, the temperature of outflow is higher than inflow; while for MHD flows, the specific angular momentum of outflow is much higher than inflow. We have also analyzed the convective stability of MHD accretion flow and found that they are stable. These results suggest that systematic inward an...

  3. Outflow from Hot Accretion Flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Feng; Bu, Defu; Wu, Maochun

    2013-02-01

    Numerical simulations of hot accretion flows have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius. Two models have been proposed to explain this result. In the adiabatic inflow-outflow solution (ADIOS), it is thought to be due to the loss of gas in outflows. In the convection-dominated accretion flow (CDAF) model, it is explained as because that the gas is locked in convective eddies. In this paper we use hydrodynamical (HD) and magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) simulations to investigate which one is physical. We calculate and compare various properties of inflow (gas with an inward velocity) and outflow (gas with an outward velocity). Systematic and significant differences are found. For example, for HD flows, the temperature of outflow is higher than inflow; while for MHD flows, the specific angular momentum of outflow is much higher than inflow. We have also analyzed the convective stability of MHD accretion flow and found that they are stable. These results suggest that systematic inward and outward motion must exist, i.e., the ADIOS model is favored. The different properties of inflow and outflow also suggest that the mechanisms of producing outflow in HD and MHD flows are buoyancy associated with the convection and the centrifugal force associated with the angular momentum transport mediated by the magnetic field, respectively. The latter mechanism is similar to the Blandford & Payne mechanism but no large-scale open magnetic field is required here. Possible observational applications are briefly discussed.

  4. Design data brochure: Solar hot water system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    A design calculation is detailed for a single-family residence housing a family of four in a nonspecific geographical area. The solar water heater system is designed to provide 80 gallons of 140 F hot water per day.

  5. Arnold Schwarzenegger WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER

    E-print Network

    Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS;#12;Appendices Appendix A. Multifamily Water Heating Construction Practices, Pricing and Availability Survey Report Appendix B. Multifamily Water Heating Controls Performance Field Report Appendix C. Pipe

  6. Statistical Properties of Super-hot Flares

    E-print Network

    Caspi, Amir; Lin, R P

    2013-01-01

    We use RHESSI high-resolution imaging and spectroscopy observations from ~6 to 100 keV to determine the statistical relationships between measured parameters (temperature, emission measure, etc.) of hot, thermal plasma in 37 intense (GOES M- and X-class) solar flares. The RHESSI data, most sensitive to the hottest flare plasmas, reveal a strong correlation between the maximum achieved temperature and the flare GOES class, such that "super-hot" temperatures >30 MK are achieved almost exclusively by X-class events; the observed correlation differs significantly from that of GOES-derived temperatures, and from previous studies. A nearly-ubiquitous association with high emission measures, electron densities, and instantaneous thermal energies suggests that super-hot plasmas are physically distinct from cooler, ~10-20 MK GOES plasmas, and that they require substantially greater energy input during the flare. High thermal energy densities suggest that super-hot flares require strong coronal magnetic fields, exceedi...

  7. Wall Drying in Hot and Humid Climates 

    E-print Network

    Boone, K.; Weston, T.; Pascual, X.

    2004-01-01

    systems under a variety of temperature and humidity conditions including those typical of hot humid climates. Additionally, a computer simulation is used to examine the implications of drying to the interior, drying to the exterior, or drying to both...

  8. Frequency Responses Of Hot-Wire Anemometers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watmuff, Jonathan H.

    1992-01-01

    Report describes theoretical study of frequency response of constant-temperature hot-wire anemometer, with view toward increasing frequency response while maintaining stable operation in supersonic flow. Effects of various circuit parameters discussed.

  9. Toward Eclipse Mapping of Hot Jupiters

    E-print Network

    Emily Rauscher; Kristen Menou; Sara Seager; Drake Deming; James Y-K. Cho; Brad Hansen

    2007-04-24

    Recent Spitzer infrared measurements of hot Jupiter eclipses suggest that eclipse mapping techniques could be used to spatially resolve the day-side photospheric emission of these planets using partial occultations. As a first step in this direction, we simulate ingress/egress lightcurves for the three brightest known eclipsing hot Jupiters and evaluate the degree to which parameterized photospheric emission models can be distinguished from each other with repeated, noisy eclipse measurements. We find that the photometric accuracy of Spitzer is insufficient to use this tool effectively. On the other hand, the level of photospheric details that could be probed with a few JWST eclipse measurements could greatly inform hot Jupiter atmospheric modeling efforts. A JWST program focused on non-parametric eclipse map inversions for hot Jupiters should be actively considered.

  10. Thermal dilepton production from hot QCD

    E-print Network

    M. Laine

    2015-02-20

    NLO and LPM-resummed computations of thermal dilepton production from a hot QCD plasma are reviewed. An interpolation applicable for all positive photon invariant masses is presented, and possibilities for comparisons with lattice and experimental data are pointed out.

  11. Saturn's Hot Plasma Explosions - Duration: 81 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    This animation based on data obtained by NASA's Cassini Spacecraft shows how the "explosions" of hot plasma on the night side (orange and white) periodically inflate Saturn's magnetic field (white ...

  12. Hot electron production and heating by hot electrons in fast ignitor research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Key, M. H.; Cable, M. D.; Cowan, T. E.; Estabrook, K. G.; Hammel, B. A.; Hatchett, S. P.; Henry, E. A.; Hinkel, D. E.; Kilkenny, J. D.; Koch, J. A.; Kruer, W. L.; Langdon, A. B.; Lasinski, B. F.; Lee, R. W.; MacGowan, B. J.; MacKinnon, A.; Moody, J. D.; Moran, M. J.; Offenberger, A. A.; Pennington, D. M.; Perry, M. D.; Phillips, T. J.; Sangster, T. C.; Singh, M. S.; Stoyer, M. A.; Tabak, M.; Tietbohl, G. L.; Tsukamoto, M.; Wharton, K.; Wilks, S. C.

    1998-05-01

    In an experimental study of the physics of fast ignition, the characteristics of the hot electron source at laser intensities up to 1020W cm-2 have been measured and a diagnosis of the heating at depth by hot electrons has been initiated. Generation of hot electrons with more than 30% efficiency has been observed. Preliminary heating data suggest temperatures kT in the range 300-800 eV.

  13. Clinical care in the "Hot Zone".

    PubMed

    Byers, M; Russell, M; Lockey, D J

    2008-02-01

    The threat of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear incidents is unlikely to decrease and preparations to deal with this type of incident are well established in most European emergency medical systems. In the UK medical care is not currently provided in the "Hot" or contaminated zone. This article discusses the background to the current threat and suggests that, where survivors are present in the "Hot Zone", medical care should be started there to minimise delay and maximise the chances of survival. PMID:18212153

  14. Electron scattering in hot-dense plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zammit, Mark C.; Fursa, Dmitry V.; Bray, Igor

    2012-11-01

    Hot-dense plasmas have direct industrial applications in inertial confinement fusion. We have used the convergent close-coupling (CCC) method to investigate electron scattering off hydrogen and helium atoms in a hot-dense weakly coupled (Debye) plasma. The Yukawa-type Debye-Hückel potential has been used to describe the plasma screening effects. Integrated excitation, total ionization and total cross sections have been calculated over a broad range of energies and various Debye lengths, D.

  15. Oxidation And Hot Corrosion Of ODS Alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lowell, Carl E.; Barrett, Charles A.

    1993-01-01

    Report reviews oxidation and hot corrosion of oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloys, intended for use at high temperatures. Classifies environmental resistances of such alloys by rates of growth of oxides, volatilities of oxides, spalling of oxides, and limitations imposed by hot corrosion. Also discusses environmentally resistant coatings for ODS materials. Concludes ODS NICrAl and FeCrAl alloys highly resistant to oxidation and corrosion and can be used uncoated.

  16. Pouring 'Cold Water' on Hot Accretion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. E. Rubin

    1995-01-01

    The extensive recrystallization of type-6 OC has been interpreted as having resulted either from prograde thermal metamorphism of initially cold, unequilibrated material [1,2] or from autometamorphism due to slow cooling of material that accreted while still hot (1000-1200 K). Although the physical implausibility of hot accretion has been addressed [3], no comprehensive evaluation has been made of arguments in its

  17. Advanced hot-gas filter development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. P. Stankiewicz; A. J. Sherman; A. A. Zinn

    1997-01-01

    Coal is the most abundant fossil-fuel resource in the United States. `Clean coal` technologies, such as pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) and integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC), require a hot gas filter to remove the corrosive and erosive coal ash entrained in the combustion gas stream. These hot gas filters, or candle filters, must be cost-effective while able to withstand the effects

  18. Disaggregating Hot Water Use and Predicting Hot Water Waste in Five Test Homes

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, H.; Wade, J.

    2014-04-01

    While it is important to make the equipment (or 'plant') in a residential hot water system more efficient, the hot water distribution system also affects overall system performance and energy use. Energy wasted in heating water that is not used is estimated to be on the order of 10 to 30 percent of total domestic hot water (DHW) energy use. This field monitoring project installed temperature sensors on the distribution piping (on trunks and near fixtures) and programmed a data logger to collect data at 5 second intervals whenever there was a hot water draw. This data was used to assign hot water draws to specific end uses in the home as well as to determine the portion of each hot water that was deemed useful (i.e., above a temperature threshold at the fixture). Five houses near Syracuse NY were monitored. Overall, the procedures to assign water draws to each end use were able to successfully assign about 50% of the water draws, but these assigned draws accounted for about 95% of the total hot water use in each home. The amount of hot water deemed as useful ranged from low of 75% at one house to a high of 91% in another. At three of the houses, new water heaters and distribution improvements were implemented during the monitoring period and the impact of these improvements on hot water use and delivery efficiency were evaluated.

  19. Rocket engine hot-spot detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collamore, F. N.

    1985-04-01

    On high performance devices such as rocket engines it is desirable to know if local hot spots or areas of reduced cooling margin exist. The objective of this program is to design, fabricate and test an electronic hot spot detector capable of sensing local hot spot on the exterior circumference of a regeneratively cooled combustion chamber in order to avoid hardware damage. The electronic hot spot sensor consists of an array of 120 thermocouple elements which are bonded in a flexible belt of polyimide film. The design temperature range is from +30 F to +400 F continuously with an intermittent temperature of 500 F maximum. The thermocouple belt consists of 120 equally spaced copper-Constantan thermocouple junctions which is wrapped around the OMS liquid rocket engine combustion chamber, to monitor temperatures of individual cooling channels. Each thermocouple is located over a cooling channel near the injector end of the combustion chamber. The thermocouple array sensor is held in place by a spring loaded clamp band. Analyses show that in the event of a blocked cooling channel the surface temperature of the chamber over the blocked channel will rise from a normal operating temperature of approx. 300 F to approx. 600 F. The hot spot detector will respond quickly to this change with a response time constant less than 0.05 seconds. The hot spot sensor assembly is fabricated with a laminated construction of layers of Kapton film and an outer protective layer of fiberglass reinforced silicone rubber.

  20. Relationship between hot springs and geothermal fields in Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hemendra R. Acharya

    1989-01-01

    Hot springs usually are situated in the volcanic belt of a convergent zone and are utilized as indicators of geothermal potential in an area. Characteristics of hot springs in Japan have been examined in order to understand the relationship between hot springs and geothermal fields. The characteristics examined include locations of hot springs, their temperature, density of distribution, flow rate,

  1. The Effectiveness of Hot-deck Procedures in Small Samples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Javaid

    A simulation study was conducted to identify the best hot-deck variation to impute missing values. The three variations included in the study were the hot-deck random, the hot-deck sequential, and the hot-deck distance. The properties of these methods were investigated under three levels of the proportion of incomplete records and four levels…

  2. 40 CFR 68.85 - Hot work permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hot work permit. 68.85 Section 68.85...Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.85 Hot work permit. (a) The owner or operator shall issue a hot work permit for hot work operations...

  3. 40 CFR 68.85 - Hot work permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hot work permit. 68.85 Section 68.85...Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.85 Hot work permit. (a) The owner or operator shall issue a hot work permit for hot work operations...

  4. SPACEWIRE HOT MODULES Session: SpaceWire Networks and Protocols

    E-print Network

    Keslassy, Isaac

    1 SPACEWIRE HOT MODULES Session: SpaceWire Networks and Protocols Long Paper Asaf Baron, Isask. Such modules are termed Hot Modules. SpaceWire uses wormhole routing to deliver packets comprising multiple at the presence of Hot Modules. In this paper we demonstrate that a single Hot Module can both dramatically reduce

  5. 40 CFR 68.85 - Hot work permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hot work permit. 68.85 Section 68.85...Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.85 Hot work permit. (a) The owner or operator shall issue a hot work permit for hot work operations...

  6. Idealized Hot Spot Experiments with a General Circulation Model

    E-print Network

    Maloney, Eric

    Idealized Hot Spot Experiments with a General Circulation Model Eric D. Maloney* College of Oceanic to an initial localized positive equatorial SST anomaly, or "hot spot". A hot spot is imposed upon an aquaplanet develops near the hot spot, forcing an anomalous large-scale circulation that resembles the linear response

  7. 40 CFR 68.85 - Hot work permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hot work permit. 68.85 Section 68.85...Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.85 Hot work permit. (a) The owner or operator shall issue a hot work permit for hot work operations...

  8. HOT LANE POLICIES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS1 Rahul Goel5

    E-print Network

    Burris, Mark W.

    1 HOT LANE POLICIES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS1 2 By3 4 Rahul Goel5 PhD Scholar,6 Indian This research examined the major changes in a corridor due to high occupancy/toll (HOT) lane3 implementation. This was accomplished by comparing the impacts of HOT lanes on three pairs4 of HOT lanes with similar design

  9. 40 CFR 68.85 - Hot work permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hot work permit. 68.85 Section 68.85...Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.85 Hot work permit. (a) The owner or operator shall issue a hot work permit for hot work operations...

  10. Physiological responses during continuous work in hot dry and hot humid environments in Indians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sen Gupta, J.; Swamy, Y. V.; Pichan, G.; Dimri, G. P.

    1984-06-01

    Studies have been conducted on six young healthy heat acclimatised Indians to determine the physiological changes in prolonged continuous work in thermally neutral and in hot dry and hot humid environments. Physiological responses in maximal efforts i.e. Vo2 max, VE max and Cf max were noted. In addition, duration in continuous work at three sub-maximal rate of work in three simulated environments were also noted. Physiological responses like Vo2, VE and Cf were noted every 15 minutes of work. Besides these responses, rectal temperature (Tre), mean skin temperature (Ts) and mean sweat rate were also recorded during continuous work. Results indicated a significant decrease in maximum oxygen uptake capacity (Vo2 max) in heat with no change in maximum exercise ventilation (VE max) and maximum cardiac frequency. However, the fall in Vo2 max was more severe in the hot humid environment than in the hot dry climate. Cardiac frequency at fixed oxygen consumption of 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 l/min was distinctly higher in the hot humid environment than in the hot dry and comfortable temperature. The duration in continuous physical effort in various grades of activities decreased in hot dry environment from that in the-comfortable climate and further decreased significantly in hot humid environment. The highest rate of sweating was observed during work in humid heat. The mean skin temperature (Ts) showed a fall in all the three rates of work in comfortable and hot dry conditions whereas in hot humid environment it showed a linear rise during the progress of work. The rectal temperature on the other hand maintained a near steady state while working at 65 and 82 watts in comfortable and hot dry environments but kept on rising during work in hot humid environment. At the highest work rate of 98 watts, the rectal temperature showed a steady increase even in the hot dry condition. It was thus concluded from the study that a hot humid climate imposes more constraints on the thermoregulatory system during work than in the hot dry condition because of less effective heat dissipation so resulting in reduced tolerance to work.

  11. Relationship between Hot Spot Residues and Ligand Binding Hot Spots in Protein-Protein Interfaces

    PubMed Central

    Zerbe, Brandon S.; Hall, David R.

    2013-01-01

    In the context of protein-protein interactions, the term “hot spot” refers to a residue or cluster of residues that makes a major contribution to the binding free energy, as determined by alanine scanning mutagenesis. In contrast, in pharmaceutical research a hot spot is a site on a target protein that has high propensity for ligand binding and hence is potentially important for drug discovery. Here we examine the relationship between these two hot spot concepts by comparing alanine scanning data for a set of 15 proteins with results from mapping the protein surfaces for sites that can bind fragment-sized small molecules. We find the two types of hot spots are largely complementary; the residues protruding into hot spot regions identified by computational mapping or experimental fragment screening are almost always themselves hot spot residues as defined by alanine scanning experiments. Conversely, a residue that is found by alanine scanning to contribute little to binding rarely interacts with hot spot regions on the partner protein identified by fragment mapping. In spite of the strong correlation between the two hot spot concepts, they fundamentally differ, however. In particular, while identification of a hot spot by alanine scanning establishes the potential to generate substantial interaction energy with a binding partner, there are additional topological requirements to be a hot spot for small molecule binding. Hence, only a minority of hot spots identified by alanine scanning represent sites that are potentially useful for small inhibitor binding, and it is this subset that is identified by experimental or computational fragment screening. PMID:22770357

  12. ADVANCED HOT GAS FILTER DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect

    RICHARD A. WAGNER

    1998-09-04

    This report describes the fabrication and testing of continuous fiber ceramic composite (CFCC) based hot gas filters. The fabrication approach utilized a modified filament winding method that combined both continuous and chopped fibers into a novel microstructure. The work was divided into five primary tasks. In the first task, a preliminary set of compositions was fabricated in the form of open end tubes and characterized. The results of this task were used to identify the most promising compositions for sub-scale filter element fabrication and testing. In addition to laboratory measurements of permeability and strength, exposure testing in a coal combustion environment was performed to asses the thermo-chemical stability of the CFCC materials. Four candidate compositions were fabricated into sub-scale filter elements with integral flange and a closed end. Following the 250 hour exposure test in a circulating fluid bed combustor, the retained strength ranged from 70 t 145 percent of the as-fabricated strength. The post-test samples exhibited non-catastrophic failure behavior in contrast to the brittle failure exhibited by monolithic materials. Filter fabrication development continued in a filter improvement and cost reduction task that resulted in an improved fiber architecture, the production of a net shape flange, and an improved low cost bond. These modifications were incorporated into the process and used to fabricate 50 full-sized filter elements for testing in demonstration facilities in Karhula, Finland and at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) in Wilsonville, AL. After 581 hours of testing in the Karhula facility, the elements retained approximately 87 percent of their as-fabricated strength. In addition, mechanical response testing at Virginia Tech provided a further demonstration of the high level of strain tolerance of the vacuum wound filter elements. Additional testing in the M. W. Kellogg unit at the PSDF has accumulated over 1800 hours of coal firing at temperatures of 760 °C including a severe thermal upset that resulted in the failure of several monolithic oxide elements. No failures of any kind have been reported for the MTI CFCC elements in either of these test campaigns. Additional testing is planned at the M. W. Kellogg unit and Foster Wheeler unit at the PSDF over the next year in order to qualify for consideration for the Lakeland PCFB. Process scale-up issues have been identified and manufacturing plans are being evaluated to meet the needs of future demand.

  13. Hot streak characterization in serpentine exhaust nozzles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crowe, Darrell S.

    Modern aircraft of the United States Air Force face increasingly demanding cost, weight, and survivability requirements. Serpentine exhaust nozzles within an embedded engine allow a weapon system to fulfill mission survivability requirements by providing denial of direct line-of-sight into the high-temperature components of the engine. Recently, aircraft have experienced material degradation and failure along the aft deck due to extreme thermal loading. Failure has occurred in specific regions along the aft deck where concentrations of hot gas have come in contact with the surface causing hot streaks. The prevention of these failures will be aided by the accurate prediction of hot streaks. Additionally, hot streak prediction will improve future designs by identifying areas of the nozzle and aft deck surfaces that require thermal management. To this end, the goal of this research is to observe and characterize the underlying flow physics of hot streak phenomena. The goal is accomplished by applying computational fluid dynamics to determine how hot streak phenomena is affected by changes in nozzle geometry. The present research first validates the computational methods using serpentine inlet experimental and computational studies. A design methodology is then established for creating six serpentine exhaust nozzles investigated in this research. A grid independent solution is obtained on a nozzle using several figures of merit and the grid-convergence index method. An investigation into the application of a second-order closure turbulence model is accomplished. Simulations are performed for all serpentine nozzles at two flow conditions. The research introduces a set of characterization and performance parameters based on the temperature distribution and flow conditions at the nozzle throat and exit. Examination of the temperature distribution on the upper and lower nozzle surfaces reveals critical information concerning changes in hot streak phenomena due to changes in nozzle geometry.

  14. Hot Water DJ: Saving Energy by Pre-mixing Hot Water Md Anindya Prodhan

    E-print Network

    Whitehouse, Kamin

    Hot Water DJ: Saving Energy by Pre-mixing Hot Water Md Anindya Prodhan Department of Computer University of Virginia whitehouse@virginia.edu Abstract After space heating and cooling, water heating consumption. Current water heating systems waste up to 20% of their energy due to poor insulation in pipes

  15. Kelly Hot Spring Geothermal Project: Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center preliminary design. Final technical report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Longyear

    1980-01-01

    A Phase 1 Preliminary Design, Construction Planning and Economic Analysis has been conducted for the Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center in Modoc County, California. The core activity is a 1360 breeding sow, swine raising complex that utilizes direct heat energy from the Kelly Hot Spring geothermal resource. The swine is to be a totally confined operation for producing premium pork

  16. Modeling fruit internal heating rates for hot air and hot water treatments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Wang; J. Tang; R. P. Cavalieri

    2001-01-01

    Hot air and hot water heating methods have been extensively studied as thermal treatments to control insect pests in fruits to replace chemical fumigation. An inherent difficulty in using these methods is that slow heating rates may result in long treatment times and possible damage to fruit quality. Many factors influence heating time. A systematic analysis of those influences is

  17. Performance of Domestic Hot Water Supply and Heating by Waste Heat from Hot Spring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jinhua Chen; Shuxia Wu; Baizhan Li; Meng Liu; Juanjuan Yuan; Yong Liu; Jie Chen

    2010-01-01

    Based the analysis of application method, principle and previous practices of the waste water utilization from hot spring, it is found that the waste water source heat pump is a feasible energy efficient system, compared with other heat pump systems. Through the analysis and theoretical calculations of the projects in which the hot spring water source heat pumps system was

  18. HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA632. HOT CELL AWAITS INSTALLATION OF SHIELDED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA-632. HOT CELL AWAITS INSTALLATION OF SHIELDED WINDOWS. OVERHEAD MASTER/SLAVE MANIPULATORS (LEFT, ABOVE WORKING WINDOWS) WILL MOVE ACROSS GUIDE RAILS IN SLOT ABOVE THE WINDOWS. CAMERA FACING SOUTHEAST. INL NEGATIVE NO. 8996. Unknown Photographer, 10/28/1953 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  19. HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA632. SHIELDING DOOR TO HOT CELL IS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA-632. SHIELDING DOOR TO HOT CELL IS IN OPEN POSITION. DOOR SLIDES SHUT WITH HELP OF MANUALLY OPERATED CHAIN. STAIRWAY TO MEZZANINE IN VIEW AT LEFT. CAMERA FACES NORTHWEST. INL NEGATIVE NO. 9000. Unknown Photographer, 10/28/1953 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  20. Evaluation of the environmental stress index (ESI) for hot/dry and hot/wet climates.

    PubMed

    Moran, Daniel S; Epstein, Yoram

    2006-07-01

    Recently, a novel environmental stress index (ESI) which is composed from commonly used meteorological variables: ambient temperature (T(a)), relative humidity (RH), and solar radiation (SR) was suggested as follows: ESI = 0.63T(a)-0.03RH+0.002SR+0.0054(T(a) x RH)-0.073(0.1+SR)(-1); (degrees C) The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and validate the ESI for hot dry and hot wet climatic conditions. The ESI was applied to large meteorological databases from 2 different locations resembling hot/wet and hot/dry climates. Data analysis revealed high correlation between ESI and the wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index for each of the two databases: P < 0.05, R2 = 0.985 and 0.982, for the hot/dry and hot/wet conditions, respectively. Therefore, it is concluded that ESI, which is constructed from fast response and commonly used weather variables (T(a), RH, SR), and also found in a microsensor format is validated for hot/dry and hot/wet zones and as a potential index to serve as an alternative to the WBGT for heat category assessment. PMID:16922183

  1. MICROWAVE NOISE TECHNIQUE FOR MEASUREMENT OF HOT-ELECTRON ENERGY RELAXATION TIME AND HOT-PHONON LIFETIME

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Liberis; A. Matulionis

    Gated modulation-type radiometric technique for microwave noise measurement is upgraded for convenient investigation of hot-electron energy relaxation and hot-phonon dynamics in a channel with a high-density electron gas. The technique is applied to a GaN-based structure held at 80 and 293 K channel temperature. The results are discussed in terms of hot-phonon effect on hot-electron energy relaxation. The hot-phonon lifetime,

  2. Hot-wire and hot-film anemometry and conditional measurements - A report on Euromech 132

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Comte-Bellot, G.; Charnay, G.; Sabot, J.

    1981-09-01

    The European Mechanics Colloquium, Euromech 132, was held at the Ecole Centrale de Lyon from 2 to 4 July 1980. Specific areas of hot-wire or hot-film anemometry were presented and discussed, more especially the effect of the finite time constant of the wire supports, the use of yawed hot wires in supersonic flows, the possible improvement of vorticity meters, and multi-point measurements of wall-shear-stress fluctuations. Other subjects described during the meeting included a new technique for concentration measurements in flames, developments and new uses of digitization and conditional sampling, pattern recognition analysis of fluid flow from multi-point, multi-time velocity measurements, and new turbulence measurements in complex flows and in fluid-flow machinery. An exhibition of hot-wire and hot-film anemometers and associated equipment was held during the colloquium.

  3. Rhabdomyolysis caused by hot air sauna burn.

    PubMed

    Koski, Antti; Koljonen, Virve; Vuola, Jyrki

    2005-09-01

    Sauna-related burns are rare, even in Finland where sauna bathing is a popular leisure pastime. Burns induced by hot air are even more rare and constitute a very small subgroup of all sauna burns. Hot air burns are characterised by a combination of full thickness skin damage with deep tissue destruction. We report here on six consecutive patients suffering from hot air sauna burns with rhabdomyolysis. All six patients were middle-aged, the majority of them men. Acute excessive consumption of alcohol exacerbated by a hot environment resulted in dehydration and loss of consciousness. Immobility and prolonged exposure to hot, dry air resulted in third degree regional burns with 5-32% TBSA. Rhabdomyolysis was evident on admission. The laboratory values of plasma creatine kinase (P-CK), plasma myoglobin (PM), blood pH, and serum potassium (S-K) during the first five days were evaluated. Aggressive fluid management and correction of acidosis and myoglobinuria were started on admission. Surgical management consisted of early, aggressive excision at fascial level, in some patients involving sacrifice of the upper layers of muscle. Even so, mortality in this small series was 50%. The best indicator of poor prognosis was a highly elevated CK value on the second post-injury day. PMID:16046074

  4. Corrosion protection for offshore hot risers

    SciTech Connect

    Nilsen, N.; Espelid, B.; Hansen, R.K.

    1983-08-01

    The prevention of external splashzone corrosion on hot risers has required application of special protection techniques. A number of improperly protected hot risers have suffered an unexpected high corrosion rate during initial operations in the North Sea. One incident led to a riser rupture, fire, and loss of lives. On a hot riser, heat fluxes and increased external steel surface temperature may increase the corrosion rate by a factor of ten compared to the corrosion rate on unheated steel. Especially in the tidal and splash zone, failures in the protection systems will give severe consequences. Based on Veritas' overall objective to work for the improvement of safety of life, environment, and property, it was proposed to study-under controlled field conditions-the external corrosion and cathodic protection of hot risers in the sea. A group-sponsored project was therefore planned with these objectives: To examine the external corrosion behavior, coating performance, and cathodic protection demand on hot risers exposed to natural seawater. To examine the heat flux and external temperature behavior of coatings and bare metal under the same exposure conditions.

  5. Extracting hot carriers from photoexcited semiconductor nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect

    Zhu, Xiaoyang

    2014-12-10

    This research program addresses a fundamental question related to the use of nanomaterials in solar energy -- namely, whether semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) can help surpass the efficiency limits, the so-called “Shockley-Queisser” limit, in conventional solar cells. In these cells, absorption of photons with energies above the semiconductor bandgap generates “hot” charge carriers that quickly “cool” to the band edges before they can be utilized to do work; this sets the solar cell efficiency at a limit of ~31%. If instead, all of the energy of the hot carriers could be captured, solar-to-electric power conversion efficiencies could be increased, theoretically, to as high as 66%. A potential route to capture this energy is to utilize semiconductor nanocrystals. In these materials, the quasi-continuous conduction and valence bands of the bulk semiconductor become discretized due to confinement of the charge carriers. Consequently, the energy spacing between the electronic levels can be much larger than the highest phonon frequency of the lattice, creating a “phonon bottleneck” wherein hot-carrier relaxation is possible via slower multiphonon emission. For example, hot-electron lifetimes as long as ~1 ns have been observed in NCs grown by molecular beam epitaxy. In colloidal NCs, long lifetimes have been demonstrated through careful design of the nanocrystal interfaces. Due to their ability to slow electronic relaxation, semiconductor NCs can in principle enable extraction of hot carriers before they cool to the band edges, leading to more efficient solar cells.

  6. Two New Variable Hot DQ Stars

    E-print Network

    B. N. Barlow; B. H. Dunlap; R. Rosen; J. C. Clemens

    2008-10-13

    We have discovered periodic variations in the light curves of two hot DQ stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, SDSS J220029.08-074121.5 and SDSS J234843.30-094245.3. These are the second and third variables detected among the hot DQs and confirm the existence of a new class of variable white dwarf stars. The amplitudes of the variations are one half as large as those detected in the first discovered variable, SDSS J142625.71+575218.3, and required high signal-to-noise photometry to detect. The pulse shapes of the stars are not like those of known white dwarf pulsators but are similar to the first hot DQ variable, SDSS J142625.71+575218.3.

  7. Molecular interfaces for plasmonic hot electron photovoltaics.

    PubMed

    Pelayo García de Arquer, F; Mihi, Agustín; Konstantatos, Gerasimos

    2015-02-14

    The use of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) to improve and tailor the photovoltaic performance of plasmonic hot-electron Schottky solar cells is presented. SAMs allow the simultaneous control of open-circuit voltage, hot-electron injection and short-circuit current. To that end, a plurality of molecule structural parameters can be adjusted: SAM molecule's length can be adjusted to control plasmonic hot electron injection. Modifying SAMs dipole moment allows for a precise tuning of the open-circuit voltage. The functionalization of the SAM can also be selected to modify short-circuit current. This allows the simultaneous achievement of high open-circuit voltages (0.56 V) and fill-factors (0.58), IPCE above 5% at the plasmon resonance and maximum power-conversion efficiencies of 0.11%, record for this class of devices. PMID:25578026

  8. Seeded hot dark matter models with inflation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gratsias, John; Scherrer, Robert J.; Steigman, Gary; Villumsen, Jens V.

    1993-01-01

    We examine massive neutrino (hot dark matter) models for large-scale structure in which the density perturbations are produced by randomly distributed relic seeds and by inflation. Power spectra, streaming velocities, and the Sachs-Wolfe quadrupole fluctuation are derived for this model. We find that the pure seeded hot dark matter model without inflation produces Sachs-Wolfe fluctuations far smaller than those seen by COBE. With the addition of inflationary perturbations, fluctuations consistent with COBE can be produced. The COBE results set the normalization of the inflationary component, which determines the large-scale (about 50/h Mpc) streaming velocities. The normalization of the seed power spectrum is a free parameter, which can be adjusted to obtain the desired fluctuations on small scales. The power spectra produced are very similar to those seen in mixed hot and cold dark matter models.

  9. Hot photocarrier dynamics in organic solar cells.

    PubMed

    Lane, P A; Cunningham, P D; Melinger, J S; Esenturk, O; Heilweil, E J

    2015-01-01

    Photocurrent in an organic solar cell is generated by a charge transfer reaction between electron donors and acceptors. Charge transfer is expected to proceed from thermalized states, but this picture has been challenged by recent studies that have investigated the role of hot excitons. Here we show a direct link between excess excitation energy and photocarrier mobility. Charge transfer from excited donor molecules generates hot photocarriers with excess energy coming from the offset between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the donor and that of the acceptor. Hot photocarriers manifest themselves through a short-lived spike in terahertz photoconductivity that decays on a picosecond timescale as carriers thermalize. Different dynamics are observed when exciting the acceptor at its absorption edge to a thermalized state. Charge transfer in this case generates thermalized carriers described by terahertz photoconductivity dynamics consisting of an instrument-limited rise to a long-lived signal. PMID:26179323

  10. Diagnostics of Disks Around Hot Stars

    E-print Network

    David H. Cohen; Margaret M. Hanson; Richard H. D. Townsend; Karen S. Bjorkman; Marc Gagné

    2004-10-12

    We discuss three different observational diagnostics related to disks around hot stars: absorption line determinations of rotational velocities of Be stars; polarization diagnostics of circumstellar disks; and X-ray line diagnostics of one specific magnetized hot star, $\\theta^1$ Ori C. Some common themes that emerge from these studies include (a) the benefits of having a specific physical model as a framework for interpreting diagnostic data; (b) the importance of combining several different types of observational diagnostics of the same objects; and (c) that while there is often the need to reinterpret traditional diagnostics in light of new theoretical advances, there are many new and powerful diagnostics that are, or will soon be, available for the study of disks around hot stars.

  11. Magnetic Drag on Hot Jupiter Atmospheric Winds

    E-print Network

    Perna, Rosalba; Rauscher, Emily

    2010-01-01

    Hot Jupiters, with atmospheric temperatures T ~ 1000 K, have residual thermal ionization levels sufficient for the interaction of the ions with the planetary magnetic field to result in a sizable magnetic drag on the (neutral) atmospheric winds. We evaluate the magnitude of magnetic drag in a representative three-dimensional atmospheric model of the hot Jupiter HD 209458b and find that it is a plausible mechanism to limit wind speeds in this class of atmospheres. Magnetic drag has a strong geometrical dependence, both meridionally and from the day to the night side (in the upper atmosphere), which could have interesting consequences for the atmospheric flow pattern. By extension, close-in eccentric planets with transiently heated atmospheres will experience time-variable levels of magnetic drag. A robust treatment of magnetic drag in circulation models for hot atmospheres may require iterated solutions to the magnetic induction and Saha equations as the hydrodynamical flow is evolved.

  12. Kepler constraints on planets near hot Jupiters

    SciTech Connect

    Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Ragozzine, Darin; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; /UC, Santa Cruz, Astron. Astrophys.; Carter, Joshua A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Ford, Eric B.; /Florida U.; Holman, Matthew J.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Rowe, Jason F.; /NASA, Ames; Welsh, William F.; /San Diego State U., Astron. Dept.; Borucki, William J.; /NASA, Ames; Boss, Alan P.; /Carnegie Inst., Wash., D.C., DTM; Ciardi, David R.; /Caltech /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.

    2012-05-01

    We present the results of a search for planetary companions orbiting near hot Jupiter planet candidates (Jupiter-size candidates with orbital periods near 3 d) identified in the Kepler data through its sixth quarter of science operations. Special emphasis is given to companions between the 2:1 interior and exterior mean-motion resonances. A photometric transit search excludes companions with sizes ranging from roughly two-thirds to five times the size of the Earth, depending upon the noise properties of the target star. A search for dynamically induced deviations from a constant period (transit timing variations) also shows no significant signals. In contrast, comparison studies of warm Jupiters (with slightly larger orbits) and hot Neptune-size candidates do exhibit signatures of additional companions with these same tests. These differences between hot Jupiters and other planetary systems denote a distinctly different formation or dynamical history.

  13. Warm Jupiters as failed hot Jupiters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dawson, Rebekah Ilene; Chiang, Eugene

    2015-01-01

    The orbits of hot Jupiters often have surprisingly small semi-major axes, large eccentricities, or severe misalignments between their normals and their host stars' spin axes. In some formation scenarios invoking Kozai-Lidov oscillations, an external planetary companion drives a planet onto an orbit having these properties. The mutual inclinations for Kozai-Lidov oscillations can be large and have not been confirmed observationally. Here I present evidence for a population of eccentric warm Jupiters with eccentric giant companions with mutual inclinations just above 40 degrees. These planets may be undergoing a stalled version of tidal migration that produces warm Jupiters over hot Jupiters. I conclude by assessing the contribution of this mechanism to the overall population of short-period hot Jupiters, super-Earths, and mini-Neptunes.

  14. Hot gas filter and system assembly

    DOEpatents

    Lippert, Thomas Edwin (Murrysville, PA); Palmer, Kathryn Miles (Monroeville, PA); Bruck, Gerald Joseph (Murrysville, PA); Alvin, Mary Anne (Pittsburgh, PA); Smeltzer, Eugene E. (Export, PA); Bachovchin, Dennis Michael (Murrysville, PA)

    1999-01-01

    A filter element for separating fine dirty particles from a hot gas. The filter element comprises a first porous wall and a second porous wall. Each porous wall has an outer surface and an inner surface. The first and second porous walls being coupled together thereby forming a substantially closed figure and open at one end. The open end is formed to be coupled to a hot gas clean up system support structure. The first and second porous walls define a channel beginning at the open end and terminate at the closed end through which a filtered clean gas can flow through and out into the clean gas side of a hot gas clean up system.

  15. Hot gas filter and system assembly

    DOEpatents

    Lippert, T.E.; Palmer, K.M.; Bruck, G.J.; Alvin, M.A.; Smeltzer, E.E.; Bachovchin, D.M.

    1999-08-31

    A filter element is described for separating fine dirty particles from a hot gas. The filter element comprises a first porous wall and a second porous wall. Each porous wall has an outer surface and an inner surface. The first and second porous walls being coupled together thereby forming a substantially closed figure and open at one end. The open end is formed to be coupled to a hot gas clean up system support structure. The first and second porous walls define a channel beginning at the open end and terminate at the closed end through which a filtered clean gas can flow through and out into the clean gas side of a hot gas clean up system. 8 figs.

  16. Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Hot Jupiter Thermospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christie, Duncan; Arras, Phil; Li, Zhi-Yun

    2015-01-01

    The majority of models of atmospheric escape from hot Jupiters have focused on one-dimensional, spherically-symmetric models. We present the results from 2-dimensional axisymmetric simulations of hot Jupiters including tidal gravity and magnetic fields as well as photo-ionization and photoelectric heating due to multiple atomic species. Escape is suppressed in polar and equatorial regions by tidal gravity and magnetic fields, respectively, reducing mass-loss estimates achieved through 1-dimensional models. For sufficiently large magnetic field strengths, an equatorial magnetic dead zone creates a static reservoir of hot gas extending to multiple planetary radii and exhibiting temperatures hotter than found within the escaping gas. The possibility of observing this reservoir of gas is discussed, as well as the influence of heavy atoms on the result.

  17. Behavior of Vibrio cholerae in hot foods.

    PubMed Central

    Makukutu, C A; Guthrie, R K

    1986-01-01

    Four food types held hot at 45 to 60 degrees C were deliberately contaminated with O1 and non-O1 Vibrio cholerae strains. These organisms were assayed for survival and recovery from the foods within 1 h of the time the food was kept hot. The results showed no growth of V. cholerae non-O1 on thiosulfate-citrate bile-sucrose agar plates after 24 h of incubation at 37 degrees C for food held hot at 50 to 60 degrees C. Growth was low for V. cholerae O1 and was not achieved in some instances in which foods were held at either 55 or 60 degrees C after 40 or 60 min of from the time the food was kept hot. Both organisms, however, were recovered equally from all food types held at all temperatures after 48 h of incubation. When incubated for an additional 24 h, the organisms grew to unusually small-sized colonies, measuring 0.1 to 0.3 mm in diameter, on the same agar plates that were negative for growth after an initial 24 h of incubation. It was concluded that V. cholerae survived the period of time held at hot temperatures. Although the organisms were not recovered from some foods when held at some of the temperatures and times after 24 h of incubation, they remained viable. An incubation period of 48 h at 37 degrees C was found to be appropriate for the recovery of V. cholerae from hot foods. PMID:3777928

  18. Are hot-spots occluded from water?

    PubMed

    Moreira, Irina Sousa; Ramos, Rui Miguel; Martins, Joao Miguel; Fernandes, Pedro Alexandrino; Ramos, Maria João

    2014-01-01

    Protein-protein interactions are the basis of many biological processes and are governed by focused regions with high binding affinities, the warm- and hot-spots. It was proposed that these regions are surrounded by areas with higher packing density leading to solvent exclusion around them - "the O-ring theory." This important inference still lacks sufficient demonstration. We have used Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the validity of the O-ring theory in the context of the conformational flexibility of the proteins, which is critical for function, in general, and for interaction with water, in particular. The MD results were analyzed for a variety of solvent-accessible surface area (SASA) features, radial distribution functions (RDFs), protein-water distances, and water residence times. The measurement of the average solvent-accessible surface area features for the warm- and hot-spots and the null-spots, as well as data for corresponding RDFs, identify distinct properties for these two sets of residues. Warm- and hot-spots are found to be occluded from the solvent. However, it has to be borne in mind that water-mediated interactions have significant power to construct an extensive and strongly bonded interface. We observed that warm- and hot-spots tend to form hydrogen bond (H-bond) networks with water molecules that have an occupancy around 90%. This study provides strong evidence in support of the O-ring theory and the results show that hot-spots are indeed protected from the bulk solvent. Nevertheless, the warm- and hot-spots still make water-mediated contacts, which are also important for protein-protein binding. PMID:23384183

  19. Controlled-Temperature Hot-Air Gun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Munoz, M. C.

    1986-01-01

    Materials that find applications in wind tunnels first tested in laboratory. Hot-Air Gun differs from commercial units in that flow rate and temperature monitored and controlled. With typical compressed-airsupply pressure of 25 to 38 psi (170 to 260 kPa), flow rate and maximum temperature are 34 stdft3/min (0.96 stdm3/min) and 1,090 degrees F (590 degrees C), respectively. Resembling elaborate but carefully regulated hot-air gun, setup used to apply blasts of air temperatures above 1,500 degrees F (815 degrees C) to test specimens.

  20. Generalised Einstein Relation for Hot Brownian Motion

    E-print Network

    D. Chakraborty; M. V. Gnann; D. Rings; J. Glaser; F. Otto; F. Cichos; K. Kroy

    2011-10-18

    The Brownian motion of a hot nanoparticle is described by an effective Markov theory based on fluctuating hydrodynamics. Its predictions are scrutinized over a wide temperature range using large-scale molecular dynamics simulations of a hot nanoparticle in a Lennard-Jones fluid. The particle positions and momenta are found to be Boltzmann distributed according to distinct effective temperatures $T_\\mathrm{HBM}$ and $T_\\mathrm{k}$ . For $T_\\mathrm{HBM}$ we derive a formally exact theoretical prediction and establish a generalised Einstein relation that links it to directly measurable quantities.

  1. Seismic evaluation of a hot cell structure

    SciTech Connect

    Srinivasan, M.G.; Kot, C.A.

    1995-07-01

    The evaluation of the structural capacity of and the seismic demand on an existing hot cell structure in a nuclear facility is described. An ANSYS finite-element model of the cell was constructed, treating the walls as plates and the floor and ceiling as a system of discrete beams. A modal analysis showed that the fundamental frequencies of the cell walls lie far above the earthquake frequency range. An equivalent static analysis of the structure was performed. Based on the analysis it was demonstrated that the hot cell structure, would readily withstand the evaluation basis earthquake.

  2. Hot water, fresh beer, and salt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, Frank S.

    1990-11-01

    In the ``hot chocolate effect'' the best musical scales (those with the finest tone quality, largest range, and best tempo) are obtained by adding salt to a glass of hot water supersaturated with air. Good scales can also be obtained by adding salt to a glass of freshly opened beer (supersaturated with CO2) provided you first (a) get rid of much of the excess CO2 so as to produce smaller, hence slower, rising bubbles, and (b) get rid of the head of foam, which damps the standing wave and ruins the tone quality. Finally the old question, ``Do ionizing particles produce bubbles in fresh beer?'' is answered experimentally.

  3. Hot subdwarf formation: Confronting theory with observation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geier, S.

    2013-03-01

    The formation of hot subdwarf stars is still unclear. Both single-star and binary scenarios have been proposed to explain the properties of these evolved stars situated at the extreme blue end of the horizontal branch. The observational evidence gathered in the last decade, which revealed high fractions of binaries, shifted the focus from the single-star to the binary formation scenarios. Common envelope ejection, stable Roche lobe overflow and the merger of helium white dwarfs seemed to be sufficient to explain the formation of both the binary as well as the remaining single hot subdwarfs. However, most recent and rather unexpected observations challenge the standard binary evolution scenarios.

  4. Cooling of hot electrons in amorphous silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Vanderhaghen, R.; Hulin, D.; Cuzeau, S.; White, J.O.

    1997-07-01

    Measurements of the cooling rate of hot carriers in amorphous silicon are made with a two-pump, one-probe technique. The experiment is simulated with a rate-equation model describing the energy transfer between a population of hot carriers and the lattice. An energy transfer rate proportional to the temperature difference is found to be consistent with the experimental data while an energy transfer independent of the temperature difference is not. This contrasts with the situation in crystalline silicon. The measured cooling rates are sufficient to explain the difficulty in observing avalanche effects in amorphous silicon.

  5. Heating and momentum deposition in hot stars

    SciTech Connect

    Castor, J.I.

    1991-12-01

    The coronae of hot stars are compared with those of the sun and other cool stars, and some important distinctions are drawn. Principal among these are that the hot star coronae readily radiate away any deposited energy, and that the overriding concern is how the momentum is deposited that drives their very vigorous winds. The features of radiatively driven winds are reviewed, with particular attention to their evidently very complex, and presently poorly known, spatial and temporal structure. Some possible explanations for the structure are considered.

  6. Evolution of Hot Gas in Elliptical Galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mathews, William G.

    2004-01-01

    This theory grant was awarded to study the curious nature, origin and evolution of hot gas in elliptical galaxies and their surrounding groups. Understanding the properties of this X-ray emitting gas has profound implications over the broad landscape of modern astrophysics: cosmology, galaxy formation, star formation, cosmic metal enrichment, galactic structure and dynamics, and the physics of hot gases containing dust and magnetic fields. One of our principal specific objectives was to interpret the marvelous new observations from the XMM and Chandru satellite X-ray telescopes.

  7. What's Hot in Yellowstone National Park

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-08-03

    In this activity, learners discover new perspectives on geothermal features, such as geysers, mudpots, hot springs, and hot spring terraces by exploring infrared images. Learners will gain an understanding of infrared light and infrared imaging, as well as, deepen their content knowledge on geothermal features. This lesson features background information for the teacher, background information for students, a mini-exploration of Infrared Image Technology, image sets, assessment information, student worksheets, extension and transfer activities, and additional resources. This is lesson 2 on the Infrared Yellowstone website.

  8. Kiln for hot-pressing compacts in a continuous manner

    DOEpatents

    Reynolds, C.D Jr.

    1983-08-08

    The invention is directed to a hot pressing furnace or kiln which is capable of preheating, hot pressing, and cooling a plurality of articles in a sequential and continuous manner. The hot pressing furnace of the present invention comprises an elongated, horizontally disposed furnace capable of holding a plurality of displaceable pusher plates each supporting a die body loaded with refractory or ceramic material to be hot pressed. Each of these plates and the die body supported thereby is sequentially pushed through the preheating zone, a temperature stabilizing and a hot pressing zone, and a cooling zone so as to provide a continuous hot-pressing operation of a plurality of articles.

  9. Kiln for hot-pressing compacts in a continuous manner

    DOEpatents

    Reynolds, Jr., Carl D. (Clinton, TN)

    1985-01-01

    The present invention is directed to a hot pressing furnace or kiln which is capable of preheating, hot pressing, and cooling a plurality of articles in a sequential and continuous manner. The hot pressing furnace of the present invention comprises an elongated, horizontally disposed furnace capable of holding a plurality of displaceable pusher plates each supporting a die body loaded with refractory or ceramic material to be hot pressed. Each of these plates and the die body supported thereby is sequentially pushed through the preheating zone, a temperature stabilizing and a hot pressing zone, and a cooling zone so as to provide a continuous hot-pressing operation of a plurality of articles.

  10. Measurement of turbulent fluctuations in high-speed flows using hot wires and hot films.

    PubMed

    Acharya, M

    1979-08-01

    A hot wire has a limited life in high-speed wind-tunnel flows because it is typically subjected to large dynamic loads. As a consequence hot films and modified hot wires are frequently used for turbulence measurements in such flows. However, the fluctuation sensitivities of such probes are reduced because of various factors, leading to erroneous results. This paper described the results of tests on some sensors in both subsonic and supersonic boundary-layer flows. A simple technique to determine dynamic calibration correction factors for the sensitivities is also presented. PMID:18699642

  11. Bog Hot Springs, Nevada: the geothermal cycle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1977-01-01

    The Bog Hot Springs are located in one of the high desert valleys of northern Nevada below the Pueblo Mountains. The flow of the springs is estimated to be 2,500 gpm. Temperatures range from 125 to 212°F. (JGB)

  12. Microscale Effects from Global Hot Plasma Imagery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, T. E.; Fok, M.-C.; Perez, J. D.; Keady, J. P.

    1995-01-01

    We have used a three-dimensional model of recovery phase storm hot plasmas to explore the signatures of pitch angle distributions (PADS) in global fast atom imagery of the magnetosphere. The model computes mass, energy, and position-dependent PADs based on drift effects, charge exchange losses, and Coulomb drag. The hot plasma PAD strongly influences both the storm current system carried by the hot plasma and its time evolution. In turn, the PAD is strongly influenced by plasma waves through pitch angle diffusion, a microscale effect. We report the first simulated neutral atom images that account for anisotropic PADs within the hot plasma. They exhibit spatial distribution features that correspond directly to the PADs along the lines of sight. We investigate the use of image brightness distributions along tangent-shell field lines to infer equatorial PADS. In tangent-shell regions with minimal spatial gradients, reasonably accurate PADs are inferred from simulated images. They demonstrate the importance of modeling PADs for image inversion and show that comparisons of models with real storm plasma images will reveal the global effects of these microscale processes.

  13. Plasmas are Hot and Fusion is Cool

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2011-01-01

    Plasmas are Hot and Fusion is Cold. The DOE Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) collaborates to develop fusion as a safe, clean and abundant energy source for the future. This video discusses PPPL's research and development on plasma, the fourth state of matter.

  14. Hot topics in flavor physics at CDF

    SciTech Connect

    Jun, Soon Yung; /Carnegie Mellon U.

    2005-01-01

    Hot topics in flavor physics at CDF are reviewed. Selected results of top, beauty, charm physics and exotic states in about 200 pb{sup -1} data collected by the CDF II detector in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron are presented.

  15. Mutation hot spots in mammalian mitochondrial DNA

    PubMed Central

    Galtier, Nicolas; Enard, David; Radondy, Yoan; Bazin, Eric; Belkhir, Khalid

    2006-01-01

    Animal mitochondrial DNA is characterized by a remarkably high level of within-species homoplasy, that is, phylogenetic incongruence between sites of the molecule. Several investigators have invoked recombination to explain it, challenging the dogma of maternal, clonal mitochondrial inheritance in animals. Alternatively, a high level of homoplasy could be explained by the existence of mutation hot spots. By using an exhaustive mammalian data set, we test the hot spot hypothesis by comparing patterns of site-specific polymorphism and divergence in several groups of closely related species, including hominids. We detect significant co-occurrence of synonymous polymorphisms among closely related species in various mammalian groups, and a correlation between the site-specific levels of variability within humans (on one hand) and between Hominoidea species (on the other hand), indicating that mutation hot spots actually exist in mammalian mitochondrial coding regions. The whole data, however, cannot be explained by a simple mutation hot spots model. Rather, we show that the site-specific mutation rate quickly varies in time, so that the same sites are not hypermutable in distinct lineages. This study provides a plausible mutation model that potentially accounts for the peculiar distribution of mitochondrial sequence variation in mammals without the need for invoking recombination. It also gives hints about the proximal causes of mitochondrial site-specific hypermutability in humans. PMID:16354751

  16. HOT Lane Policies and Their Implications 

    E-print Network

    Goel, Rahul

    2011-08-08

    of the Express Lanes by the HOV2s (fewer than 30 percent of the total corridor HOV2s) as compared to a conventional HOV lane (60 percent) where HOV2 access is free. The effect of availability of transit on the HOT lanes can also be seen from SR 91 as compared...

  17. Hot Jupiter Variability in Eclipse Depth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emily Rauscher; Kristen Menou; James Y.-K. Cho; Sara Seager; Bradley M. S. Hansen

    2007-01-01

    Physical conditions in the atmospheres of tidally locked, slowly rotating hot Jupiters correspond to dynamical circulation regimes with Rhines scales and Rossby deformation radii comparable to the planetary radii. Consequently, the large spatial scales of moving atmospheric structures could generate significant photospheric variability. Here we estimate the level of thermal infrared variability expected in successive secondary eclipse depths, according to

  18. Prototype solar heating and hot water system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Progress is reported in the development of a solar heating and hot water system which uses a pyramidal optics solar concentrator for heating, and consists of the following subsystems: collector, control, transport, and site data acquisition. Improvements made in the components and subsystems are discussed.

  19. Recent Hot Strip Mill in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiromi Hosoda; Satoshi Wada; Sumiyasu Kodama; Li Junfeng

    2005-01-01

    Along with the development of large power devices, the features of the AC drive system for rolling mills have dramatically improved. Here we present the features of recent AC drives such as higher control response, higher efficiency, less harmonics and smaller footprint. TMEIC supplied the drive system and the control system to Hunan Valin Liangang Steel Co. Ltd.'s new hot

  20. World Trade Center Thermal Hot Spots

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Thermal hotspots around the World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The images show hot spots and fires still burning in the debris as of September 16, 2001, which were reduced or eliminated by September 23, 2001. These images were produced by the USGS from data gathere...

  1. Hot Carriers and Photoresponse in Graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Qiong

    2015-03-01

    The photoresponse of materials, which determines the performance of optoelectronic devices, is governed by energy relaxation pathways of photo-excited electron-hole pairs. In graphene, with the electron-lattice coupling strongly quenched by the vanishing electronic density of states, a novel transport regime is reached in which the photo-generated carrier population can remain hot while the lattice stays cool. In this talk, I will first show that light is converted to electrical currents in graphene p-n junctions through the hot-carrier assisted thermoelectric effect. The relaxation processes are subsequently examined by photocurrent measurements at different lattice temperatures, in which we observe a non-monotonic temperature dependence that can be understood as resulting from the competition between two hot electron cooling pathways: momentum-conserving normal collisions that dominate at low temperatures and disorder-assisted supercollisions that dominate at high temperatures. The peak temperature depends on carrier density and disorder concentration, thus allowing for an unprecedented way of controlling graphene's photoresponse. I will also show our observations of giant long-range photocurrent response in high-quality graphene transistor devices, which peaks at the charge neutrality point and exhibits highly ordered anti-symmetric spatial patterns with alternating photocurrent signs as a function of laser position. These patterns are strongly sensitive to device size and quality and occur in the absence of internal electrostatic or material interfaces, which may be related to the symmetry breaking on sample boundaries assisted by long-range hot carrier propagation.

  2. Spectral line synthesis for hot stars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenjin Huang

    2005-01-01

    I developed a spectrum synthesis method to investigate the physical properties of hot OB main sequence (MS) stars, which are often rapid rotators. The code realistically simulates the surface conditions of rapidly rotating stars, considering the rotationally-deformed stellar shape and gravity darkening effect. Comparing the synthesized absorption line profiles (of He I ll4026, 4387, 4471 and Mg II l4481) with

  3. Liquid Hot Water Pretreatment of Cellulosic Biomass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youngmi Kim; Rick Hendrickson; Nathan S. Mosier; Michael R. Ladisch

    2009-01-01

    Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant and renewable resource for fuel ethanol production. However, the lignocellulose is recalcitrant to enzymatic hydrolysis because of its structural complexity. Controlled-pH liquid hot water (LHW) pretreatment of cellulosic feedstock improves its enzymatic digestibility by removing hemicellulose and making the cellulose more accessible to cellulase enzymes. The removed hemicellulose is solubilized in the liquid phase of

  4. Transfer of hot dry rock technology

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.C.

    1985-11-01

    The Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development Program has focused worldwide attention on the facts that natural heat in the upper part of the earth's crust is an essentially inexhaustible energy resource which is accessible almost everywhere, and that practical means now exist to extract useful heat from the hot rock and bring it to the earth's surface for beneficial use. The Hot Dry Rock Program has successfully constructed and operated a prototype hot, dry rock energy system that produced heat at the temperatures and rates required for large-scale space heating and many other direct uses of heat. The Program is now in the final stages of constructing a larger, hotter system potentially capable of satisfying the energy requirements of a small, commercial, electrical-generating power plant. To create and understand the behavior of such system, it has been necessary to develop or support the development of a wide variety of equipment, instruments, techniques, and analyses. Much of this innovative technology has already been transferred to the private sector and to other research and development programs, and more is continuously being made available as its usefulness is demonstrated. This report describes some of these developments and indicates where this new technology is being used or can be useful to industry, engineering, and science.

  5. Hot coal bulk transport and storage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. Duzy; G. W. Land

    1983-01-01

    Recently there have been some problems associated with hot coal in shipments from the USA to overseas markets. This paper will serve several functions. First, a brief review is presented, together with a selective bibliography. Second, a thorough discussion of coal oxidation is covered. Third, potential effects of storage are presented and, lastly, methods are suggested for the safe storage

  6. Bubble Teas and Flavored Hot Teas

    E-print Network

    Hanson, Stephen José

    $1.99 Coffee with flavored syrups $1.50 Cappuccino/espresso Assorted tea, hot cocoa $1.50 Assorted.59 Freshly made black bean hummus and pitas chips $2.29 Seasonal fruit cup $2.49 Berries and cream parfait $2

  7. Dynamic stresses in weld metal hot cracking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zacharia

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study aimed at understanding the influence of dynamic stresses, induced by thermal and mechanical loading, on weld metal hot cracking. The study attempts to resolve the relationship between the dynamic stress distribution in the specimen, particularly near the trailing edge of the pool, and the observed cracking behavior in a Sigmajig test specimen.

  8. Portfolio Capital Flows: Hot or Cold

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stijn Claessens; Michael P. Dooley; Andrew Warner

    1995-01-01

    A distinction is often made between short-term and long-term capital flows: the former are deemed unstable hot money and the latter are deemed stable cold money. Using time-series analysis of balance of payments data for five industrial and five developing countries, we find that in most cases the labels \\

  9. Storage capacity in hot dry rock reservoirs

    DOEpatents

    Brown, Donald W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1997-01-01

    A method of extracting thermal energy, in a cyclic manner, from geologic strata which may be termed hot dry rock. A reservoir comprised of hot fractured rock is established and water or other liquid is passed through the reservoir. The water is heated by the hot rock, recovered from the reservoir, cooled by extraction of heat by means of heat exchange apparatus on the surface, and then re-injected into the reservoir to be heated again. Water is added to the reservoir by means of an injection well and recovered from the reservoir by means of a production well. Water is continuously provided to the reservoir and continuously withdrawn from the reservoir at two different flow rates, a base rate and a peak rate. Increasing water flow from the base rate to the peak rate is accomplished by rapidly decreasing backpressure at the outlet of the production well in order to meet periodic needs for amounts of thermal energy greater than a baseload amount, such as to generate additional electric power to meet peak demands. The rate of flow of water provided to the hot dry rock reservoir is maintained at a value effective to prevent depletion of the liquid

  10. HOT PRESSING OF POTASSIUM-SODIUM NIOBATES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E. Jaeger; L. Egerton

    1962-01-01

    Compositions in the system KNbOâ--NaNbOâ were hotpressed to ; yield ceramics with relative densities greater than 99%. Because these materials ; lack any degree of pyroplastic behavior, temperatures approaching those required ; for air sintering are needed. These hot-pressed specimens exhibit a finer ; microstructure than that obtainable by conventional processing. Enhanced ; piezoelectric coefficients are observed, and in certain

  11. Teaching Earth Science Using Hot Air Balloons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhl, James; Shaffer, Karen

    2008-01-01

    Constructing model hot air balloons is an activity that captures the imaginations of students, enabling teachers to present required content to minds that are open to receive it. Additionally, there are few activities that lend themselves to integrating so much content across subject areas. In this article, the authors describe how they have…

  12. CONOCO DOLOMITE HOT GAS CLEANUP SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report analyzes a proposal that EPA sponsor a large-scale pilot plant to develop the Conoco (formerly Consol) Dolomite Hot Gas Clean-up system. The report includes a history of the prior development program, the technology involved comparisons with competitive technologies i...

  13. Fly a Hot-Air Balloon

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago

    2012-01-01

    Learners assemble a hot-air balloon from tissue paper. The heated air (from a heat gun) inside the balloon is less dense than the surrounding air and causes the balloon to float. Use this activity to introduce learners to density and convection currents. Adult supervision recommended when using the heat gun.

  14. Six Hot Topics in Planetary Astronomy

    E-print Network

    David Jewitt

    2008-11-14

    Six hot topics in modern planetary astronomy are described: 1) lightcurves and densities of small bodies 2) colors of Kuiper belt objects and the distribution of the ultrared matter 3) spectroscopy and the crystallinity of ice in the outer Solar system 4) irregular satellites of the giant planets 5) the Main Belt Comets and 6) comets and meteor stream parents.

  15. The Inner Source of Hot Preplanetary Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moehlmann, D.

    The inner source of hot preplanetary matter D. Möhlmann DLR, Institut für Raumsim- ulation, 51170 Köln, Germany email:dirk.moehlmann@dlr.de Viscous interactions in quasi-stationary protoplanetary disks are the cause of outward transport of matter and angular momentum and of the growth of the mass of the central body, as described quantitatively first by Lynden-Bell &Pringle, 1974. These processes are discussed in detail with respect to the properties of the planetary system, especial ly the angular momentum. The main result is that in the early phases there is also in the disk-regions of the present planetary system a temporary outflow of matter away from the yet grow- ing central body. This causes a transport of hot matter into the early disk into regions of the present planetary system. Thgis hot matter is one of the two compo nents of disk matter. The other component falls in from the collapsing cool envelope. The flow direction of the "inner component" reverses in time. Resulting implications, which are discussed more in detail, are the description of this inner source of hot matter of the early preplanetary disk, the evolution and distribution of related parameters of this disk, as densities, time-scale and temperatures, and the mass distribution in the planetary region and in the distant disk.

  16. Microbial hotspots and hot moments in soil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuzyakov, Yakov; Blagodatskaya, Evgenia

    2015-04-01

    Soils are the most heterogeneous parts of the biosphere, with an extremely high differentiation of properties and processes within nano- to macroscales. The spatial and temporal heterogeneity of input of labile organics by plants creates microbial hotspots over short periods of time - the hot moments. We define microbial hotspots as small soil volumes with much faster process rates and much more intensive interactions compared to the average soil conditions. Such hotspots are found in the rhizosphere, detritusphere, biopores (including drilosphere) and on aggregate surfaces, but hotspots are frequently of mixed origin. Hot moments are short-term events or sequences of events inducing accelerated process rates as compared to the averaged rates. Thus, hotspots and hot moments are defined by dynamic characteristics, i.e. by process rates. For this hotspot concept we extensively reviewed and examined the localization and size of hotspots, spatial distribution and visualization approaches, transport of labile C to and from hotspots, lifetime and process intensities, with a special focus on process rates and microbial activities. The fraction of active microorganisms in hotspots is 2-20 times higher than in the bulk soil, and their specific activities (i.e. respiration, microbial growth, mineralization potential, enzyme activities, RNA/DNA ratio) may also be much higher. The duration of hot moments in the rhizosphere is limited and is controlled by the length of the input of labile organics. It can last a few hours up to a few days. In the detritusphere, however, the duration of hot moments is regulated by the output - by decomposition rates of litter - and lasts for weeks and months. Hot moments induce succession in microbial communities and intense intra- and interspecific competition affecting C use efficiency, microbial growth and turnover. The faster turnover and lower C use efficiency in hotspots counterbalances the high C inputs, leading to the absence of strong increases in C stocks. Consequently, the intensification of fluxes is much stronger than the increase of pools. Maintenance of stoichiometric ratios by accelerated microbial growth in hotspots requires additional nutrients (e.g. N and P), causing their microbial mining from soil organic matter, i.e. priming effects. Consequently, priming effects are localized in microbial hotspots and are consequences of hot moments. Finally, we estimated the contribution of the hotspots to the whole soil profile and suggested that, irrespective of their volume, the hotspots are mainly responsible for the ecologically relevant processes in soil.

  17. Continuous Commissioning of a Central Chilled Water & Hot Water System 

    E-print Network

    Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Batten, T.; Liu, M.

    2000-01-01

    A central chilled water / hot water system provides cooling / heating energy from central utility plants to multiple customers (buildings) through campus distribution loops. To effectively transport the chilled water and hot water to the buildings...

  18. Advice for Older People on Staying Safe in Hot Weather

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Advice for older people on staying safe in hot weather Risk of heat-related health problems increases ... some tips to help avoid the hazards of hot weather. Hyperthermia is caused by a failure of ...

  19. 9. NEEDLE SHOWER IN MEN'S PACK ROOM. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. NEEDLE SHOWER IN MEN'S PACK ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  20. 46 CFR 116.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 116.970 Section 116.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 116.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  1. 7. BOILERS (MARINE TYPE). Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. BOILERS (MARINE TYPE). - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  2. Hot Water Heating System Operation and Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Shao, Z.; Chen, H.; Wei, P.

    2006-01-01

    Based on an example of the reconstruction of a hot water heating system, this paper provides an analysis and comparison of the operations of hot water heating systems, including supply water temperature adjustment, flow adjustment during each...

  3. 7. COOLING TOWER FROM ROOF. Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. COOLING TOWER FROM ROOF. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Quapaw Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  4. 46 CFR 116.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 116.970 Section 116.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 116.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  5. Children in Hot Cars Result in Fatal Consequences

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    Children in Hot Cars Result in Fatal Consequences Emergency physicians are warning the public about the overwhelming dangers associated with leaving anyone, especially children in hot, unventilated vehicles during the summer. Children throughout the ...

  6. 46 CFR 116.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 116.970 Section 116.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 116.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  7. 9. THERMOSTAT IN LADIES MASSAGE ROOM. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. THERMOSTAT IN LADIES MASSAGE ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Lamar Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  8. 2. INDUSTRIAL IRON (LAUNDRY AREA IN BACKGROUND). Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. INDUSTRIAL IRON (LAUNDRY AREA IN BACKGROUND). - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Quapaw Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  9. 46 CFR 177.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 177.970 Section 177.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 177.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  10. 2. PLENUM WALL, SHOWING PNEUMATIC TUBES. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. PLENUM WALL, SHOWING PNEUMATIC TUBES. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Lamar Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  11. 12. ELEVATOR DOORS AND CAB. Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. ELEVATOR DOORS AND CAB. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  12. 46 CFR 177.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 177.970 Section 177.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 177.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  13. 1. TEMPERING COILS IN WIND TUNNEL. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. TEMPERING COILS IN WIND TUNNEL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  14. 9. VAPOR STALL IN MEN'S BATH HALL. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VAPOR STALL IN MEN'S BATH HALL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  15. 11. INTERIOR OF THERMOSTAT. Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. INTERIOR OF THERMOSTAT. - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  16. 8. HUBBARD TUB IN MEN'S BATH HALL. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. HUBBARD TUB IN MEN'S BATH HALL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  17. 10. TYPICAL BATH IN MEN'S BATH HALL. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. TYPICAL BATH IN MEN'S BATH HALL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  18. 5. HORIZONTAL COOLEDWATER STORAGE TANKS. Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. HORIZONTAL COOLED-WATER STORAGE TANKS. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  19. 2. PADDLE FAN IN PLENUM INTERIOR. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. PADDLE FAN IN PLENUM INTERIOR. - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  20. 4. DETAIL OF ELEVATOR DRUM AND DRIVE. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL OF ELEVATOR DRUM AND DRIVE. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  1. DETAIL OF THERMALWATER FLOW METER. Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL OF THERMAL-WATER FLOW METER. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Superior Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  2. 1. BLOWER (EXTERIOR CONFIGURATION). Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. BLOWER (EXTERIOR CONFIGURATION). - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  3. 11. GENERAL VIEW OF MEN'S BATH HALL. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. GENERAL VIEW OF MEN'S BATH HALL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  4. 10. NEEDLE SHOWER IN WOMEN'S PACK ROOM. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. NEEDLE SHOWER IN WOMEN'S PACK ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Lamar Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  5. 5. FLOW METER AND PIPING SHOWING CONNECTIONS. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. FLOW METER AND PIPING SHOWING CONNECTIONS. - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  6. 3. BLOWER FAN, MOTOR AND DRIVE. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. BLOWER FAN, MOTOR AND DRIVE. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  7. 46 CFR 177.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 177.970 Section 177.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 177.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  8. 9. HIGH POWER SPRAY IN MEN'S STEAM ROOM. Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. HIGH POWER SPRAY IN MEN'S STEAM ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  9. 15. FAN HOUSE ON TOP OF ELEVATOR SHAFT. Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. FAN HOUSE ON TOP OF ELEVATOR SHAFT. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  10. 46 CFR 116.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 116.970 Section 116.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 116.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  11. VACUUM PUMP (CONDENSATE RETURN). Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VACUUM PUMP (CONDENSATE RETURN). - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Hale Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  12. 4. VACUUM PUMP (CONDENSATE RETURN). Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VACUUM PUMP (CONDENSATE RETURN). - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Buckstaff Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 Mile North of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  13. 2. SECTIONAL BOILER '#4 IDEAL RED FLASH.' Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. SECTIONAL BOILER '#4 IDEAL RED FLASH.' - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Ozark Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  14. 6. UNIT VENTILATOR, WOMEN'S COOLING ROOM. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. UNIT VENTILATOR, WOMEN'S COOLING ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Ozark Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  15. 46 CFR 116.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 116.970 Section 116.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 116.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  16. 5. DISCONNECTED COMPRESSOR MOTOR. Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. DISCONNECTED COMPRESSOR MOTOR. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Quapaw Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  17. 7. UNIT VENTILATOR, DETAIL OF MOTOR AND FANS. Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. UNIT VENTILATOR, DETAIL OF MOTOR AND FANS. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Ozark Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  18. 1. PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING HEATING COILS AND BYPASS Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. PLENUM INTERIOR, SHOWING HEATING COILS AND BY-PASS - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  19. ConcepTest: Hot/Cold Water Circulation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A fish tank is filled almost to the brim with room temperature water. Two containers of cold and hot water are prepared. Red coloring is added to the hot water, blue coloring is added to the cold water. The cold ...

  20. THERMALWATER FLOW METER. Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    THERMAL-WATER FLOW METER. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Superior Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  1. 13. DETAIL OF INTERIOR OF ELEVATOR SHAFT. Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. DETAIL OF INTERIOR OF ELEVATOR SHAFT. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  2. 46 CFR 177.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 177.970 Section 177.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 177.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  3. 10. NEEDLE SHOWER IN COOLING ROOM. Hot Springs National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. NEEDLE SHOWER IN COOLING ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  4. BLOWER MOTOR & DRIVE WHEEL. Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BLOWER MOTOR & DRIVE WHEEL. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Superior Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  5. 8. HIGH POWER SPRAY IN MEN'S PACK ROOM. Hot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. HIGH POWER SPRAY IN MEN'S PACK ROOM. - Hot Springs National Park Bathhouse Row, Maurice Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  6. 2. ELEVATOR DRIVE, CABLE MOTOR, CIRCUIT BOX, Hot Springs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. ELEVATOR DRIVE, CABLE MOTOR, CIRCUIT BOX, - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Fordyce Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  7. Traffic Deaths Increase in Spring Break Hot Spots

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 151587.html Traffic Deaths Increase in Spring Break Hot Spots No similar rise seen in areas of ... number of traffic fatalities occurred in spring break hot spots compared to other locations in the same ...

  8. 1. INDUSTRIAL IRON (WORKING SIDE). Hot Springs National Park, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. INDUSTRIAL IRON (WORKING SIDE). - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Quapaw Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  9. 46 CFR 177.970 - Protection against hot piping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Protection against hot piping. 177.970 Section 177.970 Shipping COAST...ARRANGEMENT Rails and Guards § 177.970 Protection against hot piping. Piping, including valves, pipe fittings and...

  10. WESF hot cells waste minimization criteria hot cells window seals evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Walterskirchen, K.M.

    1997-03-31

    WESF will decouple from B Plant in the near future. WESF is attempting to minimize the contaminated solid waste in their hot cells and utilize B Plant to receive the waste before decoupling. WESF wishes to determine the minimum amount of contaminated waste that must be removed in order to allow minimum maintenance of the hot cells when they are placed in ''laid-up'' configuration. The remaining waste should not cause unacceptable window seal deterioration for the remaining life of the hot cells. This report investigates and analyzes the seal conditions and hot cell history and concludes that WESF should remove existing point sources, replace cerium window seals in F-Cell and refurbish all leaded windows (except for A-Cell). Work should be accomplished as soon as possible and at least within the next three years.

  11. Hot-Carrier Seebeck Effect: Diffusion and Remote Detection of Hot Carriers in Graphene.

    PubMed

    Sierra, Juan F; Neumann, Ingmar; Costache, Marius V; Valenzuela, Sergio O

    2015-06-10

    We investigate hot carrier propagation across graphene using an electrical nonlocal injection/detection method. The device consists of a monolayer graphene flake contacted by multiple metal leads. Using two remote leads for electrical heating, we generate a carrier temperature gradient that results in a measurable thermoelectric voltage VNL across the remaining (detector) leads. Due to the nonlocal character of the measurement, VNL is exclusively due to the Seebeck effect. Remarkably, a departure from the ordinary relationship between Joule power P and VNL, VNL ? P, becomes readily apparent at low temperatures, representing a fingerprint of hot-carrier dominated thermoelectricity. By studying VNL as a function of bias, we directly determine the carrier temperature and the characteristic cooling length for hot-carrier propagation, which are key parameters for a variety of new applications that rely on hot-carrier transport. PMID:25950746

  12. Measurement of turbulent fluctuations in high-speed flows using hot wires and hot films

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acharya, M.

    1979-01-01

    The paper examines the dynamic calibrations of the hot film and modified hot-wire probes with a view to assess their suitability for use in experiments for the measurement of turbulent fluctuations in compressible boundary-layer flows. Results are presented of tests on some sensors in both subsonic and supersonic boundary-layer flows. A simple technique is presented for determining dynamic calibration correction factors for the sensitivities involved.

  13. Hot Molecular Cores and High-Mass Star Formation

    E-print Network

    F. F. S. van der Tak

    2003-09-04

    This review covers hot cores in the context of high-mass star formation. After giving an overview of chemical processes and diversity during high-mass star formation, it reviews the `warm envelope' phase which probably precedes the formation of hot cores. Some recent determinations of the cosmic-ray ionization rate are discussed, as well as recent evidence for hot cores around low-mass stars. Routes for future hot core research are outlined.

  14. Oxidation and hot corrosion of hot-pressed Si3N4 at 1000 deg C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fielder, W. L.

    1985-01-01

    The oxidation and hot corrosion of a commercial, hot-pressed Si3N4 were investigated at 1000 C under an atmosphere of flowing O2. For the hot corrosion studies, thin films of Na2SO4 were airbrushed on the Si3N4 surface. The hot corrosion attack was monitored by the following techniques: continuous weight measurements, SO2 evolution, film morphology, and chemical analyses. Even though the hot corrosion weight changes after 25 hr were relatively small, the formation of SiO2 from oxidation of Si3N4 was an order of magnitude greater in the presence of molten Na2SO4. The formation of a protective SiO2 phase at the Si3N4 surface is minimized by the fluxing action of the molten Na2SO4 thereby allowing the oxidation of the Si3N4 to proceed more rapidly. A simple process is proposed to account for the hot corrosion process.

  15. Hot-Film and Hot-Wire Anemometry for a Boundary Layer Active Flow Control Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lenahan, Keven C.; Schatzman, David M.; Wilson, Jacob Samuel

    2013-01-01

    Unsteady active flow control (AFC) has been used experimentally for many years to minimize bluff-body drag. This technology could significantly improve performance of rotorcraft by cleaning up flow separation. It is important, then, that new actuator technologies be studied for application to future vehicles. A boundary layer wind tunnel was constructed with a 1ft-x-3ft test section and unsteady measurement instrumentation to study how AFC manipulates the boundary layer to overcome adverse pressure gradients and flow separation. This unsteady flow control research requires unsteady measurement methods. In order to measure the boundary layer characteristics, both hot-wire and hot-film Constant Temperature Anemometry is used. A hot-wire probe is mounted in the flow to measure velocity while a hot-film array lays on the test surface to measure skin friction. Hot-film sensors are connected to an anemometer, a Wheatstone bridge circuit with an output that corresponds to the dynamic flow response. From this output, the time varying flow field, turbulence, and flow reversal can be characterized. Tuning the anemometers requires a fan test on the hot-film sensors to adjust each output. This is a delicate process as several variables drastically affect the data, including control resistance, signal input, trim, and gain settings.

  16. Trade-offs in cycle time management: hot lots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Babak Ehteshami; R. G. Petrakian; Phyllis M. Shabe

    1992-01-01

    In manufacturing, higher priority is given to hot lots to reduce their cycle time. The impact of hot lots on the cycle time of other lots in the system is studied here. Object-oriented simulation experiments of a wafer fabrication model were run to investigate the above impact. The simulation results showed that as the proportion of hot lots in the

  17. Unraveling hot spots in binding interfaces: progress and challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Warren L DeLano

    2002-01-01

    Protein interface hot spots, as revealed by alanine scanning mutagenesis, continue to stimulate interest in the biophysical basis of molecular recognition. Although these regions apparently constitute fertile grounds for intermolecular interactions, no general algorithm has yet been developed that can predict hot spots based solely on their shape or composition. The discovery of structural plasticity in hot spot regions indicates

  18. Estimation of microbial cover distributions at Mammoth Hot

    E-print Network

    Goldenfeld, Nigel

    to be obtained in a va- riety of environments ranging from geothermal hot springs to the oral cav- ity. CloneEstimation of microbial cover distributions at Mammoth Hot Springs using a multiple clone library library information from travertine-forming hot springs in Yellowstone Na- tional Park to provide

  19. EFF HOT Topics. Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institute for Literacy, 2001

    2001-01-01

    HOT Topics is a new quarterly publication from the Equipped for the Future (EFF) National Center. HOT stands for Highlights On Teaching, and this publication is committed to providing teachers and tutors with tools and ideas for teaching using the EFF Framework and Standards. This first issue of HOT Topics focuses on strategies that use the EFF…

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA SOLAR DOMESTIC HOT WATER SYSTEMS (SDHW)

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA SOLAR DOMESTIC HOT WATER SYSTEMS (SDHW) CEC- CF-6R-MECH-02 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-MECH-02 Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems (SDHW 2009 SOLAR HOT WATER HEATING SYSTEMS: SRCC Certified Mfr Name & Model Number Net Solar Fraction (from

  1. Design of Hot Stamping Tools with Cooling System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Hoffmann; H. So; H. Steinbeiss

    2007-01-01

    Hot stamping with high strength steel is becoming more popular in automotive industry. In hot stamping, blanks are hot formed and press hardened in a water-cooled tool to achieve high strength. Hence, design of the tool with necessary cooling significantly influences the final properties of the blank and the process time. In this paper a new method based on systematic

  2. Installation package for a solar heating and hot water system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    Development and installation of two commercial solar heating and hot water systems are reported. The systems consist of the following subsystems: collector, storage, transport, hot water, auxiliary energy and controls. General guidelines are provided which may be utilized in development of detailed installation plans and specifications. In addition, operation, maintenance and repair of a solar heating and hot water system instructions are included.

  3. Dynamic Upgrading of Network Management Software by Software Hot

    E-print Network

    White, Tony

    Dynamic Upgrading of Network Management Software by Software Hot­ Swapping N. Feng, G. Ao, T. White of the research performed by the Perpetuum Mobile Procura group into the problem of Software hot­swapping and its to a comprehensive treatment of the swap transaction, the goal of the project. The hot­ swap framework is then used

  4. Research Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot

    E-print Network

    Low, Steven H.

    Research Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot Spring Systems Revealed community profiles of recently formed hot spring systems ranging in temperatures from 57°C to 100°C and p revealed distinct bacterial and archaeal diversity in geographically distinct hot springs. Slight

  5. 21 CFR 880.6085 - Hot/cold water bottle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Hot/cold water bottle. 880.6085 Section...Personal Use Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6085 Hot/cold water bottle. (a) Identification. A hot/cold water bottle is a device intended...

  6. 7 CFR 305.27 - Forced hot air treatment schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Forced hot air treatment schedules. 305.27 Section... Heat Treatments § 305.27 Forced hot air treatment schedules. (a) T103-a-1...temperature probes must be placed inside the hot air chamber at chamber locations...

  7. 36 CFR 7.18 - Hot Springs National Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hot Springs National Park. 7.18 Section...OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.18 Hot Springs National Park. (a) Commercial... The taking or carrying away of water, hot or cold, from any of the springs,...

  8. Hot Topics OS & DS Autonomie in verteilten Systemen

    E-print Network

    Wichmann, Felix

    Hot Topics OS & DS Autonomie in verteilten Systemen -Einführungsveranstaltung- Arnd Schröter Prof Dr.-Ing. Gero Mühl (TU Berlin)Hot Topics OS & DS Folie 1 #12;Gliederung 1 Ablauf des Seminars 2 Berlin)Hot Topics OS & DS Folie 2 #12;Gliederung 1 Ablauf des Seminars 2 Inhaltliche Einführung 3

  9. 21 CFR 890.5710 - Hot or cold disposable pack.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hot or cold disposable pack. 890.5710 Section...Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5710 Hot or cold disposable pack. (a) Identification. A hot or cold disposable pack is a device...

  10. What's hot and what's not: tracking most frequent items dynamically

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham Cormode; S. Muthukrishnan

    2005-01-01

    Most database management systems maintain statistics on the underlying relation. One of the important statistics is that of the “hot items” in the relation: those that appear many times (most frequently, or more than some threshold). For example, end-biased histograms keep the hot items as part of the histogram and are used in selectivity estimation. Hot items are used as

  11. 40 CFR 1066.965 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hot soak test. 1066.965 Section 1066.965 ...Test Procedures for Motor Vehicles § 1066.965 Hot soak test. Test vehicles for hot soak emissions as described in 40 CFR...

  12. What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically

    E-print Network

    Cormode, Graham

    What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically GRAHAM CORMODE DIMACS Center is that of the "hot items" in the relation: those that appear many times (most frequently, or more than some threshold). For example, end-biased histograms keep the hot items as part of the histogram and are used in selectivity

  13. 40 CFR 86.138-96 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hot soak test. 86.138-96 Section 86...Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.138-96 Hot soak test. (a)(1) Gasoline- and...gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, the hot soak test shall be conducted...

  14. 21 CFR 880.6085 - Hot/cold water bottle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hot/cold water bottle. 880.6085 Section...Personal Use Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6085 Hot/cold water bottle. (a) Identification. A hot/cold water bottle is a device intended...

  15. 40 CFR 86.138-96 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hot soak test. 86.138-96 Section 86...Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.138-96 Hot soak test. (a)(1) Gasoline- and...gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, the hot soak test shall be conducted...

  16. Can Hot Traces Improve Value Prediction? Assad Khamaisee(1)

    E-print Network

    Kolodny, Avinoam

    Can Hot Traces Improve Value Prediction? Assad Khamaisee(1) , Avinoam Kolodny(1) and Avi Mendelson particular "hot traces") and value prediction. Value prediction was proven to have potential for performance fetch bandwidth. Recently, several papers proposed to use "hot traces" (traces that have been used

  17. 21 CFR 880.6085 - Hot/cold water bottle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Hot/cold water bottle. 880.6085 Section...Personal Use Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6085 Hot/cold water bottle. (a) Identification. A hot/cold water bottle is a device intended...

  18. Hot cold optimization of large Windows\\/NT applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert S. Cohn; P. Geoffrey Lowney

    1996-01-01

    A dynamic instruction trace often contains many unnecessary instructions that are required only by the unexecuted portion of the program. Hot-cold optimization (HCO) is a technique that realizes this performance opportunity. HCO uses profile information to partition each routine into frequently executed (hot) and infrequently executed (cold) parts. Unnecessary operations in the hot portion are removed, and compensation code is

  19. Hot neutron star in generalized thermo-statistics

    E-print Network

    Hot neutron star in generalized thermo-statistics K. Miyazaki E-mail: miyazakiro@rio.odn.ne.jp Abstract The hot neutron star (NS) is investigated for the ...rst time in the generalized thermo the long-ranged gravitational potential. It is found that at sub-saturation density in hot NS matter

  20. 25. Hot well, as seen from port side aft. Waste ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Hot well, as seen from port side aft. Waste water overflow pipe appears at left, behind which is bilge pump. At base of hot well on either side are reciprocating boiler feedwater pumps driven from hot well crosshead. (Labels were applied by HAER recording team and are not original to equipment.) - Ferry TICONDEROGA, Route 7, Shelburne, Chittenden County, VT

  1. Hot Spots Conjecture and Its Application to Modeling Tubular Structures

    E-print Network

    Vorperian, Houri K.

    Hot Spots Conjecture and Its Application to Modeling Tubular Structures Moo K. Chung1234, Seongho formulated yet. This problem is di- rectly related to the somewhat obscure hot spots conjecture conjecture called the hot spots conjecture in differ- ential geometry [1]. In this paper, we will explore

  2. 21 CFR 880.6085 - Hot/cold water bottle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Hot/cold water bottle. 880.6085 Section...Personal Use Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6085 Hot/cold water bottle. (a) Identification. A hot/cold water bottle is a device intended...

  3. 36 CFR 7.18 - Hot Springs National Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hot Springs National Park. 7.18 Section...OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.18 Hot Springs National Park. (a) Commercial... The taking or carrying away of water, hot or cold, from any of the springs,...

  4. 36 CFR 7.18 - Hot Springs National Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hot Springs National Park. 7.18 Section...OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.18 Hot Springs National Park. (a) Commercial... The taking or carrying away of water, hot or cold, from any of the springs,...

  5. 21 CFR 890.5710 - Hot or cold disposable pack.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Hot or cold disposable pack. 890.5710 Section...Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5710 Hot or cold disposable pack. (a) Identification. A hot or cold disposable pack is a device...

  6. What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically

    E-print Network

    What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically Graham Cormode Center of the important statistics is that of the ``hot items'' in the relation: those that appear many times (most frequently, or more than some threshold). For example, end­biased histograms keep the hot items as part

  7. 40 CFR 86.138-96 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hot soak test. 86.138-96 Section 86...Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.138-96 Hot soak test. (a)(1) Gasoline- and...gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, the hot soak test shall be conducted...

  8. 36 CFR 7.18 - Hot Springs National Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hot Springs National Park. 7.18 Section...OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.18 Hot Springs National Park. (a) Commercial... The taking or carrying away of water, hot or cold, from any of the springs,...

  9. Hot Flashes ? Can a food supplement reduce these

    E-print Network

    Brinton, Roberta Diaz

    Hot Flashes ? Can a food supplement reduce these symptoms and help memory? If you are: A woman between 45 and 60 years of age Having hot flashes and memory complaint Not taking hormone replacementSERM is a potential remedy for hot flashes and may have the potential to prevent or improve memory worsening with age

  10. What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically

    E-print Network

    Cormode, Graham

    What's Hot and What's Not: Tracking Most Frequent Items Dynamically Graham Cormode Center of the important statistics is that of the "hot items" in the relation: those that appear many times (most frequently, or more than some threshold). For example, end-biased histograms keep the hot items as part

  11. 40 CFR 86.138-96 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hot soak test. 86.138-96 Section 86...Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.138-96 Hot soak test. (a)(1) Gasoline- and...gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, the hot soak test shall be conducted...

  12. 21 CFR 890.5710 - Hot or cold disposable pack.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Hot or cold disposable pack. 890.5710 Section...Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5710 Hot or cold disposable pack. (a) Identification. A hot or cold disposable pack is a device...

  13. 36 CFR 7.18 - Hot Springs National Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hot Springs National Park. 7.18 Section...OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.18 Hot Springs National Park. (a) Commercial... The taking or carrying away of water, hot or cold, from any of the springs,...

  14. HATCH CONNECTING TEMPERED AIR CHAMBER AND HOT AIR CHAMBER OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HATCH CONNECTING TEMPERED AIR CHAMBER AND HOT AIR CHAMBER OF PLENUM WITH ATTACHED DRAFT REGULATOR. - Hot Springs National Park, Bathhouse Row, Superior Bathhouse: Mechanical & Piping Systems, State Highway 7, 1 mile north of U.S. Highway 70, Hot Springs, Garland County, AR

  15. 21 CFR 890.5710 - Hot or cold disposable pack.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Hot or cold disposable pack. 890.5710 Section...Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5710 Hot or cold disposable pack. (a) Identification. A hot or cold disposable pack is a device...

  16. 21 CFR 890.5710 - Hot or cold disposable pack.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Hot or cold disposable pack. 890.5710 Section...Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5710 Hot or cold disposable pack. (a) Identification. A hot or cold disposable pack is a device...

  17. 40 CFR 86.138-96 - Hot soak test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hot soak test. 86.138-96 Section 86...Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.138-96 Hot soak test. (a)(1) Gasoline- and...gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, the hot soak test shall be conducted...

  18. Martian corona: Nonthermal sources of hot heavy species

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Cipriani; F. Leblanc; J. J. Berthelier

    2007-01-01

    We have studied the production of hot O and C atoms, and hot CO2 and CO molecules in the Martian upper atmosphere and exosphere by dissociative recombination (DR) of O2+ and CO+ ions, and sputtering of the atmosphere by incident O+ pick-up ions. Production and collisional thermalization of the hot particles in the upper atmosphere are described by using a

  19. 10 CFR 431.102 - Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks. 431.102 Section 431.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  20. 10 CFR 431.102 - Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks. 431.102 Section 431.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  1. 10 CFR 431.102 - Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks. 431.102 Section 431.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  2. 10 CFR 431.102 - Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks. 431.102 Section 431.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  3. 10 CFR 431.102 - Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Definitions concerning commercial water heaters, hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks. 431.102 Section 431.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  4. Heat stress in hot U. S. mines and criteria for standards for mining in hot environments. Informational report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. L. Misaqi; J. G. Inderberg; P. D. Blumenstein; T. Naiman

    1976-01-01

    The Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration conducted a comprehensive environmental study in underground and surface mines of the United States to determine the prevalent combinations of air temperature, humidity, radiative heat, and wind speed in hot mines. The study has shown that most of the surveyed mines are 'hot' in terms of existing industrial hygiene standards for hot work sites.

  5. Hot ductility and hot cracking behavior of modified 316 stainless steels designed for high-temperature service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. D. Lundin; C. Y. P. Qiao; T. P. S. Gill; G. M. Goodwin

    1993-01-01

    The weldability of the modified 316 stainless steel was evaluated by the Gleeble hot ductility test and two hot cracking test methods (Varestraint and Sigmajig). The fusion zone and weld metal heat-affected zone (HAZ) hot cracking susceptibilities of the modified 316 stainless steel are similar to conventional fully austenitic 316 stainless steels and greater than the conventional 316 materials that

  6. Whistler Solitons in Plasma with Anisotropic Hot Electron Admixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Khazanov, G. V.; Krivorutsky, E. N.; Gallagher, D. L.

    1999-01-01

    The longitudinal and transverse modulation instability of whistler waves in plasma, with a small admixture of hot anisotropic electrons, is discussed. If the hot particles temperature anisotropy is positive, it is found that, in such plasma, longitudinal perturbations can lead to soliton formation for frequencies forbidden in cold plasma. The soliton is enriched by hot particles. The frequency region unstable to transverse modulation in cold plasma in the presence of hot electrons is divided by stable domains. For both cases the role of hot electrons is more significant for whistlers with smaller frequencies.

  7. TWRS tank waste pretreatment process development hot test siting report

    SciTech Connect

    Howden, G.F.; Banning, D.L.; Dodd, D.A.; Smith, D.A.; Stevens, P.F. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Hansen, R.I.; Reynolds, B.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-02-01

    This report is the sixth in a series that have assessed the hot testing requirements for TWRS pretreatment process development and identified the hot testing support requirements. This report, based on the previous work, identifies specific hot test work packages, matches those packages to specific hot cell facilities, and provides recommendations of specific facilities to be employed for the pretreatment hot test work. Also identified are serious limitations in the tank waste sample retrieval and handling infrastructure. Recommendations are provided for staged development of 500 mL, 3 L, 25 L and 4000 L sample recovery systems and specific actions to provide those capabilities.

  8. Accuracy Of Hot-Wire Anemometry In Supersonic Turbulence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logan, Pamela; Mckenzie, Robert L.; Bershader, Daniel

    1989-01-01

    Sensitivity of hot-wire probe compared to laser-induced-florescence measurements. Report discusses factors affecting readings of hot-wire anemometer in turbulent supersonic boundary layer. Presents theoretical analysis of responses of hot-wire probe to changes in flow; also compares measurements by hot-wire probe with measurements of same flows by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). Because LIF provides spatially and temporally resolved data on temperature, density, and pressure, provides independent means to determine responses of hot-wire anemometers to these quantities.

  9. Toward improved durability in advanced aircraft engine hot sections

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sokolowski, Daniel E. (editor)

    1989-01-01

    The conference on durability improvement methods for advanced aircraft gas turbine hot-section components discussed NASA's Hot Section Technology (HOST) project, advanced high-temperature instrumentation for hot-section research, the development and application of combustor aerothermal models, and the evaluation of a data base and numerical model for turbine heat transfer. Also discussed are structural analysis methods for gas turbine hot section components, fatigue life-prediction modeling for turbine hot section materials, and the service life modeling of thermal barrier coatings for aircraft gas turbine engines.

  10. Turbine Engine Hot Section Technology 1986

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The Turbine Engine Hot Section Technology (HOST) Project of the NASA Lewis Research Center sponsored a workshop to discuss current research pertinent to turbine engine durability problems. Presentations were made concerning the hot section environment and the behavior of combustion liners, turbine blades, and turbine vanes. The presentations were divided into six sessions: Instrumentation, Combustion, Turbine Heat Transfer, Structural Analysis, Fatigue and Fracture, and Surface Protection. Topics discussed included modeling of thermal and fluid-flow phenomena, structural analysis, fatigue and fracture, surface protective coatings, constitutive behavior of materials, stress-strain response, and life-prediction methods. Researchers from industry, academia, and government presented results of their work sponsored by the HOST project.

  11. Hot water, fresh beer, and salt

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, F.S. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (USA) Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA (USA))

    1990-11-01

    In the hot chocolate effect'' the best musical scales (those with the finest tone quality, largest range, and best tempo) are obtained by adding salt to a glass of hot water supersaturated with air. Good scales can also be obtained by adding salt to a glass of freshly opened beer (supersaturated with CO{sub 2}) provided you first (a) get rid of much of the excess CO{sub 2} so as to produce smaller, hence slower, rising bubbles, and (b) get rid of the head of foam, which damps the standing wave and ruins the tone quality. Finally the old question, Do ionizing particles produce bubbles in fresh beer '' is answered experimentally.

  12. Method for hot pressing beryllium oxide articles

    DOEpatents

    Ballard, Ambrose H. (Oak Ridge, TN); Godfrey, Jr., Thomas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Mowery, Erb H. (Clinton, TN)

    1988-01-01

    The hot pressing of beryllium oxide powder into high density compacts with little or no density gradients is achieved by employing a homogeneous blend of beryllium oxide powder with a lithium oxide sintering agent. The lithium oxide sintering agent is uniformly dispersed throughout the beryllium oxide powder by mixing lithium hydroxide in an aqueous solution with beryllium oxide powder. The lithium hydroxide is converted in situ to lithium carbonate by contacting or flooding the beryllium oxide-lithium hydroxide blend with a stream of carbon dioxide. The lithium carbonate is converted to lithium oxide while remaining fixed to the beryllium oxide particles during the hot pressing step to assure uniform density throughout the compact.

  13. Alternatives to estrogen to manage hot flushes.

    PubMed

    Albertazzi, Paola

    2005-01-01

    Hot flushes are probably the most common symptom resulting in medical consultation in relation to the menopause and, when severe, they can affect quite dramatically women's quality of life. Hormone (estrogen) replacement therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment for this symptom and in the ideal setting of clinical trials, under optimal selection of patients and compliance, it reduces hot flushes by about 70-80%. Recently, however, a series of 'scares' has had large resonance in the lay press about possible adverse effects of HRT. These have undermined both doctors' and women's confidence in the use of these compounds. This has been witnessed by the recent fall in HRT sales. A number of compounds, both pharmacological and herbal in origin, have been used for the treatment of neurovegetative symptoms in menopausal women. The present article critically reviews evidence of the efficacy of some of the most commonly used compounds and assesses their effect in relation to that of HRT. PMID:15969241

  14. Hot Deformation Behavior of Bearing Steels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moon, H. K.; Joun, M. S.; Lee, J. S.; Yoo, S. J.; Lee, J. K.

    2004-06-01

    The material behaviors of two types of bearing steels at hot working conditions are investigated. Stress-strain curves at various temperatures (900˜1,250°C) and strain rates (1˜50 /sec) are obtained by compression tests with a computer controlled servo-hydraulic Gleeble 3800 testing machine. Elongation and reduction of the area are also obtained by tensile tests. Flow stresses are calculated from the experiments and are used to predict the temperature distribution and the metal flow of a workpiece during a multi-stage hot forging process of a bearing race. A rigid-thermoviscoplastic finite element method is applied. The experimental and numerical results are summarized to reveal the reasons for internal crack formation.

  15. Computational simulation of hot composites structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chamis, Christos C.; Murthy, P. L. N.; Singhal, S. N.

    1991-01-01

    Three different computer codes developed in-house are described for application to hot composite structures. These codes include capabilities for: (1) laminate behavior (METCAN); (2) thermal/structural analysis of hot structures made from high temperature metal matrix composites (HITCAN); and (3) laminate tailoring (MMLT). Results for select sample cases are described to demonstrate the versatility as well as the application of these codes to specific situations. The sample case results show that METCAN can be used to simulate cyclic life in high temperature metal matrix composites; HITCAN can be used to evaluate the structural performance of curved panels as well as respective sensitivities of various nonlinearities, and MMLT can be used to tailor the fabrication process in order to reduce residual stresses in the matrix upon cool-down.

  16. Hierarchical Simulation of Hot Composite Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chamis, C. C.; Murthy, P. L. N.; Singhal, S. N.

    1993-01-01

    Computational procedures are described to simulate the thermal and mechanical behavior of high temperature metal matrix composites (HT-MMC) in the following three broad areas: (1) Behavior of HT-MMC's from micromechanics to laminate via Metal Matrix Composite Analyzer (METCAN), (2) tailoring of HT-MMC behavior for optimum specific performance via Metal Matrix Laminate Tailoring (MMLT), and (3) HT-MMC structural response for hot structural components via High Temperature Composite Analyzer (HITCAN). Representative results from each area are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of computational simulation procedures. The sample case results show that METCAN can be used to simulate material behavior such as strength, stress-strain response, and cyclic life in HTMMC's; MMLT can be used to tailor the fabrication process for optimum performance such as that for in-service load carrying capacity of HT-MMC's; and HITCAN can be used to evaluate static fracture and fatigue life of hot pressurized metal matrix composite rings.

  17. The decay of hot KK space

    E-print Network

    Adam R. Brown

    2015-04-30

    The non-perturbative instabilities of hot Kaluza-Klein spacetime are investigated. In addition to the known instability of hot space (the nucleation of 4D black holes) and the known instability of KK space (the nucleation of bubbles of nothing by quantum tunneling), we find two new instabilities: the nucleation of 5D black holes, and the nucleation of bubbles of nothing by thermal fluctuation. These four instabilities are controlled by two Euclidean instantons, with each instanton doing double duty via two inequivalent analytic continuations; thermodynamic instabilities of one are shown to be related to mechanical instabilities of the other. I also construct bubbles of nothing that are formed by a hybrid process involving both thermal fluctuation and quantum tunneling. There is an exact high-temperature/low-temperature duality that relates the nucleation of black holes to the nucleation of bubbles of nothing.

  18. Hot corrosion behavior of Nimonic-75

    SciTech Connect

    Gurrappa, I. [Research Centre Julich (Germany)

    1997-10-01

    Hot corrosion studies were conducted on Nimonic-75 superalloy in pure Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and 90% Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 10% NaCl environments at 900 C for different time intervals. The results showed that Nimonic-75 exhibits good hot corrosion resistance in pure sodium sulfate, and the corrosion rate was enhanced considerably in the presence of 10% NaCl environment. It is also evident that the corrosion rate is time dependent and that the diffusion of corrosive species occurred toward the substrate. Based on these observations, an electrochemical model is proposed to show that the degradation of Nimonic-75 is an electrochemical phenomenon.

  19. Hot Plate Station Maximum Temperature = 200C Revised 7/25/06

    E-print Network

    Hot Plate Station Maximum Temperature = 200ºC Revised 7/25/06 The Hot Plate Station is composed of 4 hot plates, each of which is controlled through the PC with PID controllers. Each controller has 4 with these hot plates. Warning! Hot plate surfaces may be hot ­ even if red light is not on! Programming through

  20. Hot Particles of the Second Kind in Flood Lands of the Yenisei River

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. G. Gritchenko; Yu. V. Kuznetsov; V. K. Legin; V. N. Strukov; B. F. Myasoedov; A. P. Novikov; A. E. Shishlov; Yu. V. Savitskii

    2001-01-01

    Specific modification of hot particles found in flood-land soils of the Yenisei River was studied. In contrast to the known hot particles (hot particles of the first kind), newly found hot particles are referred to as hot particles of the second kind. Abundance, radionuclide composition, and other characteristics of hot particles of the first and second kinds are compared.

  1. Hot spot evaluation of photovoltaic modules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Govindasamy TamizhMani; Samir Sharma

    2008-01-01

    Hot-spot heating occurs in a photovoltaic (PV) module when its operating current exceeds the short-circuit current of a shadowed or faulty cell in a cell-string. This shadowed\\/faulty cell could overheat due to reverse bias and become a fire or electrical hazard. Currently, there are three different test methods used in the industry to identify and address this issue. These three

  2. Hot Electron-Induced Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johanna Suomi; Sakari Kulmala

    \\u000a In this chapter, we discuss the basics of cathodic hot electron-induced electrogenerated chemiluminescence (HECL). In the\\u000a applications of HECL, we discuss, e.g., the usable electrode materials and their advantages as well as the applicable solution\\u000a conditions in aqueous media. We also summarize the luminophore types excitable by this method and their usability as labels\\u000a in practical bioaffinity assay applications.

  3. Sustainable Energy - Without the hot air

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan MacIsaac

    2009-01-01

    Reader John Roeder writes about a website associated with David MacKay's book Sustainable Energy-Without the hot air. The book is a freely downloadable PDF (or purchasable) book describing an analysis detailing a low-carbon renewable energy transformation route for a large, modern first world industrial country (the United Kingdom). Written for the layman, the work uses vernacular language, e.g., energy consumption

  4. Drowning and the Influence of Hot Weather

    PubMed Central

    Fralick, Michael; Denny, Christopher J.; Redelmeier, Donald A.

    2013-01-01

    Background Drowning deaths are devastating and preventable. Public perception does not regard hot weather as a common scenario for drowning deaths. The objective of our study was to test the association between hot weather and drowning risk. Materials and Methods We conducted a retrospective case-crossover analysis of all unintentional drowning deaths in Ontario, Canada from 1999 to 2009. Demographic data were obtained from the Office of the Chief Coroner. Weather data were obtained from Environment Canada. We used the pair-matched analytic approach for the case-crossover design to contrast the weather on the date of the drowning with the weather at the same location one week prior (control period). Results We identified 1243 drowning deaths. The mean age was 40 years, 82% were male, and most events (71%) occurred in open water. The pair-matched analytic approach indicated that temperatures exceeding 30°C were associated with a 69% increase in the risk of outdoor drowning (OR?=?1.69, 95% CI 1.23–2.25, p?=?0.001). For indoor drowning, however, temperatures exceeding 30°C were not associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk of drowning (OR?=?1.50, 95% CI 0.53–4.21, p?=?0.442). Adult men were specifically prone to drown in hot weather (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.19–2.34, p?=?0.003) yet an apparent increase in risk extended to both genders and all age groups. Conclusion Contrary to popular belief, hot weather rather than cold stormy weather increases the risk of drowning. An awareness of this risk might encourage greater use of drowning prevention strategies known to save lives. PMID:23977112

  5. Determination of tribological conditions within hot stamping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Geiger; M. Merklein; J. Lechler

    2008-01-01

    Innovative hot sheet metal forming technologies are gaining an increasing significance in the scope of application of more\\u000a and more innovative high and ultra high strength steels in the automotive industry. With respect to a numerical process design\\u000a beside the mechanical and the thermal material characteristics the friction coefficient represents an important input parameter\\u000a for finite element (FE) simulation. Within

  6. Hot Deformation Behavior of Bearing Steels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. K. Moon; M. S. Joun; J. S. Lee; S. J. Yoo

    2004-01-01

    The material behaviors of two types of bearing steels at hot working conditions are investigated. Stress-strain curves at various temperatures (900?1,250°C) and strain rates (1?50 \\/sec) are obtained by compression tests with a computer controlled servo-hydraulic Gleeble 3800 testing machine. Elongation and reduction of the area are also obtained by tensile tests. Flow stresses are calculated from the experiments and

  7. Hot Deformation Behavior of Bearing Steels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. K. Moon; M. S. Joun; J. S. Lee; S. J. Yoo

    2004-01-01

    The material behaviors of two types of bearing steels at hot working conditions are investigated. Stress-strain curves at various temperatures (900~1,250°C) and strain rates (1~50 \\/sec) are obtained by compression tests with a computer controlled servo-hydraulic Gleeble 3800 testing machine. Elongation and reduction of the area are also obtained by tensile tests. Flow stresses are calculated from the experiments and

  8. THERMAL PROCESSES GOVERNING HOT-JUPITER RADII

    SciTech Connect

    Spiegel, David S. [Astrophysics Department, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Burrows, Adam, E-mail: dave@ias.edu, E-mail: burrows@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-07-20

    There have been many proposed explanations for the larger-than-expected radii of some transiting hot Jupiters, including either stellar or orbital energy deposition deep in the atmosphere or deep in the interior. In this paper, we explore the important influences on hot-Jupiter radius evolution of (1) additional heat sources in the high atmosphere, the deep atmosphere, and deep in the convective interior; (2) consistent cooling of the deep interior through the planetary dayside, nightside, and poles; (3) the degree of heat redistribution to the nightside; and (4) the presence of an upper atmosphere absorber inferred to produce anomalously hot upper atmospheres and inversions in some close-in giant planets. In particular, we compare the radius expansion effects of atmospheric and deep-interior heating at the same power levels and derive the power required to achieve a given radius increase when night-side cooling is incorporated. We find that models that include consistent day/night cooling are more similar to isotropically irradiated models when there is more heat redistributed from the dayside to the nightside. In addition, we consider the efficacy of ohmic heating in the atmosphere and/or convective interior in inflating hot Jupiters. Among our conclusions are that (1) the most highly irradiated planets cannot stably have uB {approx}> 10 km s{sup -1} G over a large fraction of their daysides, where u is the zonal wind speed and B is the dipolar magnetic field strength in the atmosphere, and (2) that ohmic heating cannot in and of itself lead to a runaway in planet radius.

  9. Menopausal Women's Perceived Causes of Hot Flash

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret L. Stubbs; Susan M. Cohen; Feridey Carr

    2008-01-01

    This descriptive study examined the perceptions of a group of breast cancer survivors about the causes of their hot flashes. Thirty-nine participants readily offered 1,008 individual responses. A content analysis revealed four prominent categories (stress, pain, medication related, and lack of sleep) as well as others (e.g., food related, heat related). In the context of concerns about biomedical approaches to

  10. Turbine Engine Hot Section Technology, 1984

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Presentations were made concerning the hot section environment and behavior of combustion liners, turbine blades, and waves. The presentations were divided into six sessions: instrumentation, combustion, turbine heat transfer, structural analysis, fatigue and fracture, and surface properties. The principal objective of each session was to disseminate research results to date, along with future plans. Topics discussed included modeling of thermal and fluid flow phenomena, structural analysis, fatigue and fracture, surface protective coatings, constitutive behavior, stress-strain response, and life prediction methods.

  11. The Inner Source of Hot Preplanetary Matter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Moehlmann

    2002-01-01

    The inner source of hot preplanetary matter D. Möhlmann DLR, Institut für Raumsim- ulation, 51170 Köln, Germany email:dirk.moehlmann@dlr.de Viscous interactions in quasi-stationary protoplanetary disks are the cause of outward transport of matter and angular momentum and of the growth of the mass of the central body, as described quantitatively first by Lynden-Bell &Pringle, 1974. These processes are discussed in detail

  12. Hot filament CVD of boron nitride films

    DOEpatents

    Rye, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1992-01-01

    Using a hot filament (.apprxeq.1400.degree. C.) to activate borazine (B.sub.3 N.sub.3 H.sub.6) molecules for subsequent reaction with a direct line-of-sight substrate, transparent boron ntiride films as thick as 25,000 angstroms are grown for a substrate temperature as low as 100.degree. C. The minimum temperature is determined by radiative heating from the adjacent hot filament. The low temperature BN films show no indication of crystallinity with X-ray diffraction (XRD). X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) show the films to have a B:N ratio of 0.97:1 with no other XPS detectable impurities above the 0.5% level. Both Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopy are characteristic of h-BN with small amounts of hydrogen detected as N-H and B-H bands in the IR spectrum. An important feature of this method is the separation and localization of the thermal activation step at the hot filament from the surface reaction and film growth steps at the substrate surface. This allows both higher temperature thermal activation and lower temperature film growth.

  13. CNO driven winds of hot first stars

    E-print Network

    Jiri Krticka; Jiri Kubat

    2008-11-12

    During the evolution of first stars, the CNO elements may emerge on their surfaces due to the mixing processes. Consequently, these stars may have winds driven purely by CNO elements. We study the properties of such stellar winds and discuss their influence on the surrounding environment. For this purpose, we used our own NLTE models and tested which stellar parameters of the first stars at different evolutionary stages result in CNO winds. If such winds are possible, we calculate their hydrodynamic structure and predict their parameters. We show that, while the studied stars do not have any wind driven purely by hydrogen and helium, CNO driven winds exist in more luminous stars. On the other hand, for very hot stars, CNO elements are too ionized to drive a wind. In most cases the derived mass-loss rate is much less than calculated with solar mixture of elements. This is because wind mass-loss rate in present hot stars is dominated by elements heavier than CNO. We conclude that, until a sufficient amount of these elements is created, the influence of line-driven winds is relatively small on the evolution of hot stars (which are not close to the Eddington limit).

  14. Residential hot water distribution systems: Roundtablesession

    SciTech Connect

    Lutz, James D.; Klein, Gary; Springer, David; Howard, Bion D.

    2002-08-01

    Residential building practice currently ignores the lossesof energy and water caused by the poor design of hot water systems. Theselosses include: combustion and standby losses from water heaters, thewaste of water (and energy) while waiting for hot water to get to thepoint of use; the wasted heat as water cools down in the distributionsystem after a draw; heat losses from recirculation systems and thediscarded warmth of waste water as it runs down the drain. Severaltechnologies are available that save energy (and water) by reducing theselosses or by passively recovering heat from wastewater streams and othersources. Energy savings from some individual technologies are reported tobe as much as 30 percent. Savings calculations of prototype systemsincluding bundles of technologies have been reported above 50 percent.This roundtable session will describe the current practices, summarizethe results of past and ongoing studies, discuss ways to think about hotwater system efficiency, and point to areas of future study. We will alsorecommend further steps to reduce unnecessary losses from hot waterdistribution systems.

  15. Sidetracking experiences in hot granitic wellbores

    SciTech Connect

    Pettitt, R.A.; Carden, R.

    1981-01-01

    In the development of the first Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal energy extraction system at Fenton Hill, west of Los Alamos, New Mexico, man-made reservoirs were created by connecting two holes in hot, impermeable crystalline rock with hydraulically-produced fractures. This system consists of two near-vertical, 24.5-cm (9-5/8-in.) diameter holes approximately 3 km (10,000 ft) deep in Precambrian basement rock, at a bottom-hole temperature of 200/sup 0/C (400/sup 0/F). In order to improve the connection between the wellbores, the production hole was sidetracked to intercept the fracture zone at a more favorable depth. Two successful sidetrack operations were accomplished in 1977, utilizing cement plugs, underreaming, Dyna-Drills, and both button and diamond bits. Drilling of the second larger, commercial-sized reservoir system began in 1979 and consists of two boreholes drilled to a depth of 4 km (15,000 ft) at an angle of 35/sup 0/ from the vertical, which will be connected by a series of hydraulic fractures extending across the 400-m-(1200-ft) vertical separation of the two holes. Sidetracking to bypass a stuck bottom-hole assembly was accomplished through the use of a whipstock device, Dyna-Drills, and button bits. This paper is presented as a case history of the efforts involved to achieve successful sidetracking in hot granitic wellbores.

  16. ACCRETION OF ROCKY PLANETS BY HOT JUPITERS

    SciTech Connect

    Ketchum, Jacob A.; Adams, Fred C.; Bloch, Anthony M. [Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2011-11-01

    The observed population of Hot Jupiters displays a stunning variety of physical properties, including a wide range of densities and core sizes for a given planetary mass. Motivated by the observational sample, this Letter studies the accretion of rocky planets by Hot Jupiters, after the Jovian planets have finished their principal migration epoch and become parked in {approx}4 day orbits. In this scenario, rocky planets form later and then migrate inward due to torques from the remaining circumstellar disk, which also damps the orbital eccentricity. This mechanism thus represents one possible channel for increasing the core masses and metallicities of Hot Jupiters. This Letter determines probabilities for the possible end states for the rocky planet: collisions with the Jovian planets, accretion onto the star, ejection from the system, and long-term survival of both planets. These probabilities depend on the mass of the Jovian planet and its starting orbital eccentricity, as well as the eccentricity damping rate for the rocky planet. Since these systems are highly chaotic, a large ensemble (N {approx} 10{sup 3}) of simulations with effectively equivalent starting conditions is required. Planetary collisions are common when the eccentricity damping rate is sufficiently low, but are rare otherwise. For systems that experience planetary collisions, this work determines the distributions of impact velocities-both speeds and impact parameters-for the collisions. These velocity distributions help determine the consequences of the impacts, e.g., where energy and heavy elements are deposited within the giant planets.

  17. Estimate LAMOST hot star's parameters by POLLUX

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuo, Fang; Luo, Ali; Zhang, Jiannan

    2012-09-01

    With the highest efficiency of gathering spectra by LAMOST telescope, a large number of spectra have been obtained during commissioning observation, which included a lot of spectra of O type star. It’s a difficult task to obtain accurate parameters for hot star, lacking of a good model. Several stellar models, such as MAFAGS, ATLAS, Marcs etc, do not cover the parameter range which temperature exceeds 25000K. POLLUX is a database of synthetic stellar spectra, in which CMFGEN provides atmosphere models for the O type stars (Teff >25000K) [5]. A method of estimating stellar parameters for hot stars is presented in this paper, based on matching LAMOST observed spectra with the theoretical spectra library. We convert the resolution of CMFGEN spectra, which is about 150000 to LAMOST resolution of 2000. By comparing with the CMFGEN template spectra, we can obtain the parameters of observed hot stars. Estimation for the errors of the final parameters shows that low efficiency of LAMOST blue arms of the spectrographs does not affect O type star observations.

  18. Sol Duc Hot Springs feasibility study

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-12-01

    Sol Duc Springs is located in the Olympic National Park in western Washington state. Since the turn of the century, the area has served as a resort, offering hot mineral baths, lodge and overnight cabin accommodations. The Park Service, in conjunction with the concessionaire, is in the process of renovating the existing facilities, most of which are approximately 50 years old. The present renovation work consists of removing all of the existing cabins and replacing them with 36 new units. In addition, a new hot pool is planned to replace the existing one. This report explores the possibility of a more efficient use of the geothermal resource to accompany other planned improvements. It is important to note that the system outlined is based upon the resource development as it exists currently. That is, the geothermal source is considered to be: the two existing wells and the hot springs currently in use. In addition, every effort has been made to accommodate the priorities for utilization as set forth by the Park Service.

  19. Superthermal electron production from hot underdense plasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Aithal, S.; Lavigne, P.; Pepin, H.; Johnston, T.W.; Estabrook, K.

    1987-12-01

    Very-high-energy electrons of up to an energy of approx.2.3 MeV have been observed to be emitted from the hot underdense exploding thin foil plasmas created by 10.6 ..mu..m CO/sub 2/ laser radiation at intensity levels up to approx.4 x 10/sup 14/ W/cm/sup 2/. As a supplement to the electron measurements the forward and backward scattered light components were also measured. Correlation of these measurements shows that either Raman scattering or the high-temperature version of two-plasmon decay or both, manifesting themselves near the quarter-critical density region, are responsible for the production of a hot (T/sub h/approx.135 keV) tail of electrons at least up to energies of 1 MeV. There are no indications that the Raman forward scattering (as distinct from Raman backward scattering) at lower densities plays any significant role. These experimental results are consistent with the results from a l 1/2 -dimensional particle-in-cell code simulation with a parabolic density profile resembling the experimental conditions. An apparent anomaly is discussed, which is that hot electrons are produced (both in experiments and simulations) at energies higher than the trapping value appropriate to electron plasma waves whose phase velocity is equal to the matching value (C/(3)/sup 1/2/) at the turning point for the light of half the laser frequency.

  20. Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development Program

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.C.; Hendron, R.H.; Murphy, H.D.; Wilson, M.G.

    1989-12-01

    During Fiscal Year 1987, emphasis in the Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development Program was on preparations for a Long-Term Flow Test'' of the Phase II'' or Engineering'' hot dry rock energy system at Fenton Hill, New Mexico. A successful 30-day flow test of the system during FY86 indicated that such a system would produce heat at a temperature and rate that could support operation of a commercial electrical power plant. However, it did not answer certain questions basic to the economics of long-term operation, including the rate of depletion of the thermal reservoir, the rate of water loss from the system, and the possibility of operating problems during extended continuous operation. Preparations for a one-year flow test of the system to answer these and more fundamental questions concerning hot dry rock systems were made in FY87: design of the required surface facilities; procurement and installation of some of their components; development and testing of slimline logging tools for use through small-diameter production tubing; research on temperature-sensitive reactive chemical tracers to monitor thermal depletion of the reservoir; and computer simulations of the 30-day test, extended to modeling the planned Long-Term Flow Test. 45 refs., 34 figs., 5 tabs.

  1. Hot air vulcanization of rubber profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Gerlach, J.

    1995-07-01

    Elastomer profiles are deployed in quantity by the automobile industry as seals and wateproofing in coachwork. The high standards demanded by the industry; improvement in weather prediction, noise reduction, restriction of tolerances, together with powerful demand for EPDM force the rubber processing industry into development, particularly of elastomers. Complex proofing systems must also be achieved with extremely complicated profile forms. All too often such profiles have an extremely large surface together with a low cross-section density. They frequently consist of two or three rubber compounds and are steel reinforced. Sometimes they are flocked and coated with a low friction finish. Such high-tech seals require an adjustment of the vulcanization method. The consistent trend in the nineties towards lower quantities of elastomer per sealing unit and the dielectric factor, especially with EPDM, has brought an old fashioned vulcanization method once more to the fore, a method developed over the past years to an extremely high standard, namely the hot-air method. This paper describes various vulcanization and curing methods and their relative merits and disadvantages, the Gerlach hot-air concept, the hot air installation concept, and energy saving and efficiency afforded by this technique. 4 figs.

  2. Hot DQ White Dwarfs: Something Different

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dufour, P.; Fontaine, G.; Liebert, James; Schmidt, G. D.; Behara, N.

    2008-08-01

    We present a detailed analysis of all the known hot DQ white dwarfs in the Fourth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) recently found to have carbon-dominated atmospheres. Our spectroscopic and photometric analysis reveals that these objects all have effective temperatures between ~18,000 and 24,000 K. The surface composition is found to be completely dominated by carbon, as revealed by the absence of H? and He I ?4471 lines (or a determination of trace amounts in a few cases). We find that the surface gravity of all objects but one seems to be ``normal'' and around logg=8.0, while one is likely near logg=9.0. The presence of a weak magnetic field is directly detected by spectropolarimetry in one object and is suspected in two others. We propose that these strange stars could be cooled-down versions of the weird PG 1159 star H1504+65 and form a new family of hydrogen- and helium-deficient objects following the post-AGB phase. Finally, we present the results of full nonadiabatic calculations dedicated specifically to each of the hot DQs that show that only SDSS J142625.70+575218.4 is expected to exhibit luminosity variations. This result is in excellent agreement with recent observations by Montgomery et al., who find that J142625.70+575218.4 is the only pulsator among six hot DQ white dwarfs surveyed in 2008 February.

  3. Ultraviolet spectroscopy of the hot interstellar medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Indebetouw, Remy

    I study the hot phase of the interstellar medium (ISM) in our Galaxy. The lithium-like ions of common metals are a powerful tracer of gas between the hot (106 K) and cooler (104 K) phases of the ISM, and are particularly sensitive to dynamical processes because gas at several 105 K cools very rapidly. These ions are usually produced in nonequilibrium processes such as shocks, evaporative interfaces, or rapidly cooling gas. There are two different approaches to studying the hot ISM via Li-like ions---analysis of the microphysics in a well-defined location in the Galaxy, and observation of a large part of the Galaxy searching for global trends. This thesis describes two experiments which follow these two approaches. Chapter 2 describes a sounding rocket experiment which could perform simultaneous ultra-high spectroscopy of C IV, N V, and O VI. In particular, it was to study the interface between the local bubble, a diffuse region of the Galaxy in which the Sun is located, and denser neighboring gas. I redesigned, integrated, and directed the flight of the payload, which in addition to its scientific goals was the first space demonstration of a low-order echelle spectrograph. Chapter 3 describes a survey of N V, O VI, and C IV in the Galactic halo using data from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer and the Hubble Space Telescope. Searching for global trends, I found a general trend of higher ionization (lower N V/O VI column density ratio) at larger positive line-of-sight velocities. I modeled the various physical situations in which Li-like ions are produced, and found that the observed trend is qualitatively consistent with a cooling Galactic fountain flow which rises, cools, and recombines as it returns to the disk. The observed trend is also consistent with shocks moving towards the observer, and with observing through a conductive interface, looking from the hot gas into cooler gas. The latter geometry is consistent with the solar system being inside a hot bubble, or looking out through the top shell of our local bubble as it gets blown into the halo as part of the Galactic fountain.

  4. Hot particulate removal and desulfurization results from the METC integrated gasification and hot gas cleanup facility

    SciTech Connect

    Rockey, J.M.

    1995-06-01

    The Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) is conducting experimental testing using a 10-inch diameter fluid-bed gasifier (FBG) and modular hot gas cleanup rig (MGCR) to develop advanced methods for removing contaminants in hot coal gasifier gas streams for commercial development of integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power systems. The program focus is on hot gas particulate removal and desulfurization technologies that match the temperatures and pressures of the gasifier, cleanup system, and power generator. The purpose of this poster is to present the program objectives and results of the work conducted in cooperation with industrial users and vendors to meet the vision for IGCC of reducing the capital cost per kilowatt to $1050 and increasing the plant efficiency to 52% by the year 2010.

  5. Effect of hot pressing additives on the leachability of hot pressed sodium hydrous titanium oxide

    SciTech Connect

    Valentine, T.M.; Sambell, R.A.J.

    1980-01-01

    Sodium hydrous titanium oxide is an ion exchange resin which can be used for immobilizing medium level waste (MLW) liquors. When hot pressed, it undergoes conversion to a ceramic. Three low melting point materials (borax, bismuth trioxide, and a mixture of PbO/CuO) were added to the (Na)HTiO and the effect that each of these had on aiding densification was assessed. Hot pressing temperature, applied pressure, and percentage addition of hot pressing aid were varied. Percentage open porosity, flexural strength, and leachability were measured. There was a linear relationship between the percentage open porosity and the logarithm of the leach rate for a constant percentage addition of each additive.

  6. HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA632, INTERIOR. HOT CELL NO. 1 (THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA-632, INTERIOR. HOT CELL NO. 1 (THE FIRST BUILT) IN LABORATORY 101. CAMERA FACES SOUTHEAST. SHIELDED OPERATING WINDOWS ARE ON LEFT (NORTH) SIDE. OBSERVATION WINDOW IS AT LEFT OF VIEW (ON WEST SIDE). PLASTIC COVERS SHROUD MASTER/SLAVE MANIPULATORS AT WINDOWS IN LEFT OF VIEW. NOTE MINERAL OIL RESERVOIR ABOVE "CELL 1" SIGN, INDICATING LEVEL OF THE FLUID INSIDE THE THICK WINDOWS. HOT CELL HAS BEVELED CORNER BECAUSE A SQUARED CORNER WOULD HAVE SUPPLIED UNNECESSARY SHIELDING. NOTE PUMICE BLOCK WALL AT LEFT OF VIEW. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD46-28-1. Mike Crane, Photographer, 2/2005 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  7. HUMHOT: a database of human meiotic recombination hot spots.

    PubMed

    Nishant, K T; Kumar, Chetan; Rao, M R S

    2006-01-01

    Meiotic recombination occurs preferentially at certain regions in the genome referred to as hot spots. The number of hot spots known in humans has increased manifold in recent years. The identification of these hot spots in humans is of great interest to population and medical geneticists since they influence the structure of Linkage Disequilibrium and Haplotype blocks in human populations, whose patterns have applications in mapping disease genes. HUMHOT is a web-based database of Human Meiotic Recombination Hot Spots. The database comprises DNA sequences corresponding to the hot spot regions from the literature that have been mapped to a high resolution (<4 kb) in humans. It also provides flanking sequence information for the hot spot region along with references describing the hot spot. The database can be queried based on hot spot identity, chromosome position or by homology to user-defined sequences. It is also updated with new hot spot sequences as they are discovered and provides hyperlinks to commonly used tools for estimating recombination rates, performing genetic analysis and new advances in our understanding of meiotic hot spots. Public access to the HUMHOT database is available at http://www.jncasr.ac.in/humhot. PMID:16381857

  8. [History of hot spring bath treatment in China].

    PubMed

    Hao, Wanpeng; Wang, Xiaojun; Xiang, Yinghong; Gu Li, A Man; Li, Ming; Zhang, Xin

    2011-07-01

    As early as the 7th century B.C. (Western Zhou Dynasty), there is a recording as 'spring which contains sulfur could treat disease' on the Wentang Stele written by WANG Bao. Wenquan Fu written by ZHANG Heng in the Easten Han Dynasty also mentioned hot spring bath treatment. The distribution of hot springs in China has been summarized by LI Daoyuan in the Northern Wei Dynasty in his Shuijingzhu which recorded hot springs in 41 places and interpreted the definition of hot spring. Bencao Shiyi (by CHEN Cangqi, Tang Dynasty) discussed the formation of and indications for hot springs. HU Zai in the Song Dynasty pointed out distinguishing hot springs according to water quality in his book Yuyin Conghua. TANG Shenwei in the Song Dynasty noted in Jingshi Zhenglei Beiji Bencao that hot spring bath treatment should be combined with diet. Shiwu Bencao (Ming Dynasty) classified hot springs into sulfur springs, arsenicum springs, cinnabar springs, aluminite springs, etc. and pointed out their individual indications. Geologists did not start the work on distribution and water quality analysis of hot springs until the first half of the 20th century. There are 972 hot springs in Wenquan Jiyao (written by geologist ZHANG Hongzhao and published in 1956). In July 1982, the First National Geothermal Conference was held and it reported that there were more than 2600 hot springs in China. Since the second half of the 20th century, hot spring sanatoriums and rehabilitation centers have been established, which promoted the development of hot spring bath treatment. PMID:22169492

  9. HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA632. CONTEXTUAL AERIAL VIEW OF HOT CELL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA-632. CONTEXTUAL AERIAL VIEW OF HOT CELL BUILDING, IN VIEW AT LEFT, AS YET WITHOUT ROOF. PLUG STORAGE BUILDING LIES BETWEEN IT AND THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE MTR BUILDING AND ITS WING. NOTE CONCRETE DRIVE BETWEEN ROLL-UP DOOR IN MTR BUILDING AND CHARGING FACE OF PLUG STORAGE. REACTOR SERVICES BUILDING (TRA-635) WILL COVER THIS DRIVE AND BUTT UP TO CHARGING FACE. DOTTED LINE IS ON ORIGINAL NEGATIVE. TRA PARKING LOT IN LEFT CORNER OF THE VIEW. CAMERA FACING NORTHWESTERLY. INL NEGATIVE NO. 8274. Unknown Photographer, 7/2/1953 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  10. HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA632, INTERIOR. DETAIL OF HOT CELL NO. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT CELL BUILDING, TRA-632, INTERIOR. DETAIL OF HOT CELL NO. 2 SHOWS MANIPULATION INSTRUMENTS AND SHIELDED OPERATING WINDOWS. PENETRATIONS FOR OPERATING INSTRUMENTS GO THROUGH SHIELDING ABOVE WINDOWS. CONDUIT FOR UTILITIES AND CONTROLS IS BEHIND METAL CABINET BELOW WINDOWS NEAR FLOOR. CAMERA FACES WEST. WARNING SIGN LIMITS FISSILE MATERIAL TO SPECIFIED NUMBER OF GRAMS OF URANIUM AND PLUTONIUM. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD46-28-2. Mike Crane, Photographer, 2/2005 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  11. Advanced hot-gas filter development

    SciTech Connect

    Stankiewicz, E.P.; Sherman, A.J.; Zinn, A.A.

    1997-12-31

    Coal is the most abundant fossil-fuel resource in the United States. `Clean coal` technologies, such as pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) and integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC), require a hot gas filter to remove the corrosive and erosive coal ash entrained in the combustion gas stream. These hot gas filters, or candle filters, must be cost-effective while able to withstand the effects of corrosion, elevated temperature, thermal shock, and temperature transients. Ash loadings may range from 500 to 10,000 ppm by weight, and may contain particles as fine as 0.008 mils. The operating environment for the hot gas filter can range in pressure from 10 to 20 atm, in temperatures from 700 to 1750{degrees}F, and can be oxidizing or reducing. In addition, the process gases may contain volatile chloride, sulfur, and alkali species. Field testing of various commercially available, porous, ceramic filter matrices has demonstrated a loss of up to 50 percent of as-manufactured strength after 1,000 to 2,000 hours of exposure to these operating conditions, although full-scale elements have remained intact during normal process operations. Ultramet, a small business specializing in advanced materials R&D, has developed a new class of hot gas filter materials that offers lower back-pressure, higher permeability, longer life, and high filtration efficiency in the PFBC and IGCC environments. Subscale Ultrafoam Duplex Filter elements have undergone accelerated corrosion testing at temperatures of up to 2370{degrees}F (at Ultramet), and have been subjected to over 2,800 hours of exposure to hot PFBC gases (in the Westinghouse Advanced Particulate Filtration System at Brilliant, OH) without any loss in strength in either case. The Ultrafoam Duplex Filter matrix demonstrated 100 percent particle- capture efficiency of coal ash, and had an initial pressure drop of 0.1 to 0.6 in-wc/fpm. The Ultrafoam Duplex Filter is composed of a chemical vapor deposition (CVD), silicon carbide (SiC), reticulated, open-cell foam filter body supporting a porous mullite membrane filter. The reticulated foam structure is 70 to 90 percent porous, enabling high permeability, while the 3-D interconnected cellular lattice resists crack propagation. The CVD SiC material is fine-grained for maximum strength and corrosion resistance, and has no binders or impurities. The porous, mullite, membrane filter is impregnated into the outer surface of the CVD SiC Ultrafoam filter element. The membrane bonds to the foam ligaments, while the foam ligaments reinforce and support the membrane. The mullite membrane, which acts as a barrier filter, is resistant to thermal shock and corrosion. The thin membrane minimizes pressure drop and thermal gradients. The composite Ultrafoam Duplex Filter was designed to combine optimal material selection with functional structural design to maximize corrosion resistance, thermal shock resistance, strength, toughness, and life while minimizing pressure drop and weight. Oxidation rate, corrosion resistance, creep strength, compressive strength, and C-ring strength of the CVD SiC Ultrafoam filter body, and pressure drop and filtration efficiency for subscale Ultrafoam Duplex Filter elements, are reported. Future work is targeted at the construction of full-scale hot gas filters, and will include further strength and accelerated corrosion testing of subscale sections of the filter body, the membrane, and the composite duplex filter elements.

  12. Prototype solar domestic hot water systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    Construction of a double wall heat exchanger using soft copper tube coiled around a hot water storage tank was completed and preliminary tests were conducted. Solar transport water to tank potable water heat exchange tests were performed with a specially constructed test stand. Work was done to improve the component hardware and system design for the solar water heater. The installation of both a direct feed system and a double wall heat exchanger system provided experience and site data to enable informative decisions to be made as the solar market expands into areas where freeze protection is required.

  13. Dragging $D$ mesons by hot hadrons

    E-print Network

    Sabyasachi Ghosh; Santosh K Das; Sourav Sarkar; Jan-e Alam

    2011-07-12

    We evaluate the drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium consisting of pions, nucleons, kaons and eta using open charm mesons as a probe. The interaction of the probe with the hadronic matter has been treated in the framework of effective field theory. It is observed that the magnitude of both the transport coefficients are significant, indicating substantial amount of interaction of the heavy mesons with the thermal hadronic system. The results may have noticeable impact on the experimental observable like the suppression of single electron spectra originating form the decays of heavy mesons in nuclear collisions at relativistic energies.

  14. Highly charged ions in hot, dense plasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Osterheld, A.L.; Walling, R.S.; Young, B.K.F.; Goldstein, W.H.; Shimkaveg, G.; MacGowan, B.J.; Da Silva, L.; Keane, C.; Hammel, B.; London, R.; Stewart, R.E.

    1992-09-01

    Highly-charged ions play a critical role in hot, dense plasmas. They affect the energy balance and hydrodynamic evolution of transient plasmas. The radiation emitted by highly charged ions may be used in several practical applications, such as inertial confinement fusion, short wavelength lasers, and x-ray sources for lithography and microscopy applications. This radiation may also be used to diagnose the conditions in plasmas. In recent years, models have been developed to describe the atomic kinetics of complex ionization states of highly charged ions in plasmas. However, reliable atomic calculations and careful experiments which test both the fundamental atomic physics and the assumptions of the plasma emission models are required.

  15. Highly charged ions in hot, dense plasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Osterheld, A.L.; Walling, R.S.; Young, B.K.F.; Goldstein, W.H.; Shimkaveg, G.; MacGowan, B.J.; Da Silva, L.; Keane, C.; Hammel, B.; London, R.; Stewart, R.E. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, L-59, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States))

    1993-06-05

    Highly-charged ions play a critical role in hot, dense plasmas. They affect the energy balance and hydrodynamic evolution of transient plasmas. The radiation emitted by highly charged ions may be used in several practical applications, such as inertial confinement fusion, short wavelength lasers, and x-ray sources for lithography and microscopy applications. This radiation may also be used to diagnose the conditions in plasmas, In recent years, models have been developed to describe the atomic kinetics of complex ionization states of highly charged ions in plasmas. However, reliable atomic calculations and careful experiments which test both the fundamental atomic physics and the assumptions of the plasma emission models are required.

  16. HotRecorder 2.0.1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    When having online conversations, sometimes a mere emoticon just won't do. For those who are looking to add a bit of variety to such social interactions, there is the HotRecorder application. With this program, users can record and add "emotisounds" to voice communications that take place over the Internet. The program works in conjunction with a number of such communication tools, including Skype, Google Talk and Yahoo Messenger 7. Other helpful features include a number of recording tools and some detailed search features. This application is compatible with Windows XP/2003 server.

  17. Hot helium flow test facility summary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    This report summarizes the results of a study conducted to assess the feasibility and cost of modifying an existing circulator test facility (CTF) at General Atomic Company (GA). The CTF originally was built to test the Delmarva Power and Light Co. steam-driven circulator. This circulator, as modified, could provide a source of hot, pressurized helium for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) and gas-cooled fast breeder reactor (GCFR) component testing. To achieve this purpose, a high-temperature impeller would be installed on the existing machine. The projected range of tests which could be conducted for the project is also presented, along with corresponding cost considerations.

  18. Hot subdwarf binaries in the GALEX survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vennes, Stephane; Kawka, Adela; Nemeth, Peter; O'Toole, Simon

    2011-08-01

    We will investigate the role played by close binary companions in the formation and evolution of extreme horizontal-branch (EHB) stars. We propose to obtain high-dispersion spectra of a sample of hot subdwarf stars and identify new close binaries from a set of radial velocity measurements. The binaries will be marked for additional observations and the period and mass functions will eventually help in constraining the nature of the companions. Double degenerate systems such as these are part of the population generating such events as AM CVn binaries and Type 1a supernovae.

  19. Multiple volume compressor for hot gas engine

    DOEpatents

    Stotts, Robert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

    1986-01-01

    A multiple volume compressor for use in a hot gas (Stirling) engine having a plurality of different volume chambers arranged to pump down the engine when decreased power is called for and return the working gas to a storage tank or reservoir. A valve actuated bypass loop is placed over each chamber which can be opened to return gas discharged from the chamber back to the inlet thereto. By selectively actuating the bypass valves, a number of different compressor capacities can be attained without changing compressor speed whereby the capacity of the compressor can be matched to the power available from the engine which is used to drive the compressor.

  20. Control apparatus for hot gas engine

    DOEpatents

    Stotts, Robert E. (Clifton Park, NY)

    1986-01-01

    A mean pressure power control system for a hot gas (Stirling) engine utilizing a plurality of supply tanks for storing a working gas at different pressures. During pump down operations gas is bled from the engine by a compressor having a plurality of independent pumping volumes. In one embodiment of the invention, a bypass control valve system allows one or more of the compressor volumes to be connected to the storage tanks. By selectively sequencing the bypass valves, a capacity range can be developed over the compressor that allows for lower engine idle pressures and more rapid pump down rates.

  1. Particulate hot gas stream cleanup technical issues

    SciTech Connect

    Pontius, D.H.; Snyder, T.R.

    1999-09-30

    The analyses of hot gas stream cleanup particulate samples and descriptions of filter performance studied under this contract were designed to address problems with filter operation that have been linked to characteristics of the collected particulate matter. One objective of this work was to generate an interactive, computerized data bank of the key physical and chemical characteristics of ash and char collected from operating advanced particle filters and to relate these characteristics to the operation and performance of these filters. The interactive data bank summarizes analyses of over 160 ash and char samples from fifteen pressurized fluidized-bed combustion and gasification facilities utilizing high-temperature, high pressure barrier filters.

  2. Flicker noise in hot carrier semiconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Orlov, V.B.; Yakimov, A.V.

    1988-04-01

    Change in electrical flicker noise power in hot carrier semiconductors can be explained by fluctuations in the intensity of impurity scattering, which contradicts the Hooge-Kleinpenning-Vandamme hypothesis, which relates flicker conduction noise to lattice scattering. It has been shown that such noise can be caused by fluctuations in the effective number of neutral scattering centers within the semiconductor volume. This source modulates carrier mobility, i.e., mobility fluctuations are a secondary effect. We offer herein an explanation of known experimental data on 1/f noise in silicon and gallium arsenide.

  3. Physics and chemistry of hot molecular cores

    E-print Network

    Henrik Beuther

    2006-10-13

    Young massive star-forming regions are known to produce hot molecular gas cores (HMCs) with a rich chemistry. While this chemistry is interesting in itself, it also allows to investigate important physical parameters. I will present recent results obtained with high-angular-resolution interferometers disentangling the small-scale structure and complexity of various molecular gas components. Early attempts to develop a chemical evolutionary sequence are discussed. Furthermore, I will outline the difficulty to isolate the right molecular lines capable to unambiguously trace potential massive accretion disks.

  4. Hot subdwarfs in the Galactic Bulge

    E-print Network

    Giorgia Busso; Sabine Moehler; Manuela Zoccali; Uli Heber; and Sukyoung Yi

    2005-09-22

    Recent observations and theories suggest that extreme horizontal branch (EHB) stars and their progeny should be the cause of the UV excess seen in the spectra of many elliptical galaxies. Since the Galactic Bulge is the closest representation of an old, metal-rich spheroid in which we are able to study the EHB scenario in detail, we obtained spectra of bulge EHB star candidates and we confirm their status as hot evolved stars. It is the first time that such stars are unambiguously identified in the Galactic Bulge.

  5. When hot water freezes before cold

    E-print Network

    J. I. Katz

    2006-04-27

    I suggest that the origin of the Mpemba effect (the freezing of hot water before cold) is freezing-point depression by solutes, either gaseous or solid, whose solubility decreases with increasing temperature so that they are removed when water is heated. They are concentrated ahead of the freezing front by zone refining in water that has not been heated, reduce the temperature of the freezing front, and thereby reduce the temperature gradient and heat flux, slowing the progress of the front. I present a simple calculation of this effect, and suggest experiments to test this hypothesis.

  6. 6.NS Making Hot Cocoa, Variation 1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-01

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: One mug of hot chocolate uses $\\frac23$ cup of cocoa powder. How many mugs can Nelli make with 3 cups of cocoa powder? Solve the problem by drawing a p...

  7. Hot Colors- Windows into Hidden Worlds

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Thermal Biology Institute National Science Foundation

    This website contains an electronic field trip based on Yellowstone National Park's hot springs and the microorganisms living in them. The site includes a link for teachers providing an introduction, overview of concepts explored in the trip, lesson plans, and additional web links. The electronic field trip may be viewed in a low bandwidth version without downloading. For a high bandwith version of the field trip, Macromedia Flash Player is required and can be downloaded on site. Further information on system requirements and field trip procedures are outlined on the website as well.

  8. Hot Plasma Waves in Schwarzschild Magnetosphere

    E-print Network

    M. Sharif; Asma Rafique

    2009-11-03

    In this paper we examine the wave properties of hot plasma living in Schwarzschild magnetosphere. The 3+1 GRMHD perturbation equations are formulated for this scenario. These equations are Fourier analyzed and then solved numerically to obtain the dispersion relations for non-rotating, rotating non-magnetized and rotating magnetized plasma. The wave vector is evaluated which is used to calculate refractive index. These quantities are shown in graphs which are helpful to discuss the dispersive properties of the medium near the event horizon.

  9. 6.NS Making Hot Cocoa, Variation 2

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: A recipe for hot chocolate calls for 3 cups of milk. What fraction of the recipe can Nelli make with $\\frac23$ cups of milk? Solve the problem by drawi...

  10. Hot tensile tests of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    The physical metallurgy of near-solidus integranular cracking in Inconel 718 welds was investigated. The data, although inconclusive, suggest at least two mechanisms which might explain intergranular cracking (microfissuring) in the heat-affected zone of several high temperature alloys. One theory is based on the separation of intergranular liquid while the other involves mechanical failure of solid ligaments surrounded by intergranular liquid. Both mechanisms concentrate strain in the grain boundaries resulting in low strain (1%) intergranular brittleness. The mechanisms reported might also pertain to the physical metallurgy of casting, powder metallurgy sintering and hot isostatic pressing.

  11. Concerning thermal tides on hot Jupiters

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    By analogy with a mechanism proposed by Gold and Soter to explain the retrograde rotation of Venus, Arras and Socrates suggest that thermal tides may excite hot jovian exoplanets into nonsynchronous rotation, and perhaps also noncircular orbits. It is shown here that because of the absence of a solid surface above the convective core of a jovian planet, the coupling of the gravitational and thermal tides vanishes to zeroth order in the ratio of the atmospheric scale height to the planetary radius. At the next order, the effect probably has the sign opposite to that claimed by the latter authors, hence reinforcing synchronous and circular orbits.

  12. Kelley Hot Spring Geothermal Project: Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center conceptual design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Longyear

    1980-01-01

    The proposed core activity in the Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center is a nominal 1200 sow swine raising complex. The swine raising is to be a totally confined operation for producing premium pork in controlled environment facilities that utilize geothermal energy. The complex will include a feedmill for producing the various feed formulae required for the animals from breeding through

  13. Hot Topics in ResearchHot Topics in Research Administration Program

    E-print Network

    Holland, Jeffrey

    of Financial Affairs, School of Science #12;Hot Topics in Research Administration Program Up next...... Mike Sponsored by: Mike Ludwig Pete Dunn Chris Martin Sponsored Office of the Business Services Program Vice, Director of Financial Affairs ,College of Agriculture Facilitator: Beth Siple, Assistant Director

  14. Microbiology and geochemistry of Little Hot Creek, a hot spring environment in the Long Valley Caldera

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Caldera T. J. VICK,1 , * J. A. DODSWORTH,1 K. C. COSTA,1 , E. L. SHOCK2 AND B. P. HEDLUND1 1 School springs located within the Long Valley Caldera, Little Hot Creek (LHC) 1, 3, and 4. All three springs were that springs associated with the Long Valley Caldera contain microbial populations that show some similarities

  15. Hot dry rock geothermal potential of Roosevelt Hot Springs area: review of data and recommendations

    SciTech Connect

    East, J.

    1981-05-01

    The Roosevelt Hot Springs area in west-central Utah possesses several features indicating potential for hot dry rock (HDR) geothermal development. The area is characterized by extensional tectonics and a high regional heat flow of greater than 105 mW/m/sup 2/. The presence of silicic volcanic rocks as young as 0.5 to 0.8 Myr and totaling 14 km/sup 3/ in volume indicates underlying magma reservoirs may be the heat source for the thermal anomaly. Several hot dry wells have been drilled on the periphery of the geothermal field. Information obtained on three of these deep wells shows that they have thermal gradients of 55 to 60/sup 0/C/km and bottom in impermeable Tertiary granitic and Precambrian gneissic units. The Tertiary granite is the preferred HDR reservoir rock because Precambrian gneissic rocks possess a well-developed banded foliation, making fracture control over the reservoir more difficult. Based on a fairly conservative estimate of 160 km/sup 2/ for the thermal anomaly present at Roosevelt Hot Springs, the area designated favorable for HDR geothermal exploration may be on the order of seven times or more than the hydrogeothermal area currently under development.

  16. Toward the Detection of Transiting Hot Earths and Hot Neptunes in Open Clusters

    E-print Network

    Joshua Pepper; B. Scott Gaudi

    2006-06-23

    Radial velocity searches for extrasolar planets have recently detected several very low mass (7-20M_Earth) planets in close orbits with periods Neptunes.'' Specifically, we present a simple criterion for detection that defines the minimum aperture required to detect planets of a given radius in a cluster at a given distance. Adopting photometric precisions that have been demonstrated in state-of-the-art variability surveys, we then predict the number of planets one could potentially detect with ambitious transit surveys toward several open clusters. Dedicated surveys lasting more than 20 nights with Pan-STARRS toward the Hyades and Praesepe could detect a handful of Hot Earths, if the majority of stars host such planets. Similar surveys with larger aperture telescopes (e.g. CFHT, MMT), toward M67, M35, M50, and M37 could detect Hot Neptunes, provided that their frequency is >1%. The majority of planets will be detected around M dwarfs; detecting Hot Neptunes around such primaries requires photometric precisions of ~1%, whereas Hot Earths require \\~0.1%. We discuss potential hurdles in detecting and confirming small planets in ground-based surveys, including correlated noise, false positives, and intrinsic stellar variability.

  17. Getting into hot water Problematizing hot water service demand: The case of Old Cairo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Henry Culhane

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes hot water demand and service infrastructure in two neighboring but culturally distinct communities of the urban poor in the inner-city area of central Cairo. The communities are the Historic Islamic Cairo neighborhood of Darb Al Ahmar at the foot of Al-Azhar park, and the Zurayib neighborhood of Manshiyat Nasser where the Coptic Zabaleen Recyclers live. The study

  18. Efficiency of the small capacity hot water boilers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Bat-Erdene; J. Tseyen-Oidov

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we considered some experimental results of old hot water boiler BZUI-100 and new boiler type DTX-0.7. As a experimental results efficiency of these hot water boiler type DTX-0.7 is 24.1 % more than boiler type BZVJ-100 and heat loss is lower. Incomplete combustion is high in the operation of the small capacity hot-water boiler type BZUI-100, whish

  19. Design package for solar domestic hot water system

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-09-01

    Information used to evaluate the initial design of the Elcam, Inc., Solar Domestic Hot Water System is presented. Included are such items as the system performance specification, detailed design drawings and other information. Elcam, Inc., has developed two solar heated prototype hot water systems and two heat exchangers. The hot water systems consist of the following subsystems: collector, storage, control, transport, auxiliary energy, and government-furnished Site Data Acquisition. The two systems are installed at Tempe, Arizona, and San Diego, California.

  20. Hot-carrier effects on irradiated deep submicron NMOSFET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiangwei, Cui; Qiwen, Zheng; Xuefeng, Yu; Zhongchao, Cong; Hang, Zhou; Qi, Guo; Lin, Wen; Ying, Wei; Diyuan, Ren

    2014-07-01

    We investigate how ? exposure impacts the hot-carrier degradation in deep submicron NMOSFET with different technologies and device geometries for the first time. The results show that hot-carrier degradations on irradiated devices are greater than those without irradiation, especially for narrow channel device. The reason is attributed to charge traps in STI, which then induce different electric field and impact ionization rates during hot-carrier stress.