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1

Pest Management Specialist (AFSC 56650).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This eight-volume student text is designed for use by Air Force personnel enrolled in a self-study extension course for pest management specialists. Covered in the individual volumes are civil engineering; pest management (entomology, pest management planning and coordination, and safety and protective equipment); pest management chemicals and…

Air Univ., Gunter AFS, Ala. Extension Course Inst.

2

ASSESSMENT OF COCOA FARMERS CHEMICAL USAGE PATTERN IN PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN ONDO STATE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adeogun S. O. and Agbongiarhuoyi A. E. 2009. Assessment of Cocoa Farmers Chemical Usage Pattern in Pest and Disease Management in Ondo State. J. Innov. Dev. Strategy. 3(2):27-34 Cocoa farmers use a wide range of chemicals to limit losses from pests and diseases in cocoa production. This study was carried out between January and April 2006 in two local government

STEPHEN OLUSEUN ADEOGUN; ANTHONY EGHE AGBONGIARHUOYI

3

INTREGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The integrated pest management triangle describes the need for developing a biologically based pest management strategy. Leafy spurge control tools become more expensive and less sustainable as you move from a sound biologically-based management plan....

4

Integrated Pest Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Academy of Science's NOVA Online (discussed in the March 3, 1999 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) has added a report on integrated pest management. After 25 years, Western Australia's Ord River valley is making a comeback in cotton cultivation. This area was once abandoned because of "an uncontrollable infestation" of two native caterpillars. The article discusses integrated pest management and how it can be used to control persistent pests.

5

Integrated Pest Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the problems of pesticide use and the status of current pest control practices, a definition of integrated pest management is given along with some examples of its successful application, and a description of some of the reasons why the concept has not been applied more widely. The major techniques which can be used as…

Council on Environmental Quality, Washington, DC.

6

Cotton insect pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cotton production is challenged worldwide by a diversity of arthropod pests that require management to prevent or reduce crop damage. Advances in arthropod control technologies and improved insect and crop management systems have dramatically reduced levels of arthropod damage and the need for inse...

7

The Red Queen in a potato field: integrated pest management versus chemical dependency in Colorado potato beetle control.  

PubMed

Originally designed to reconcile insecticide applications with biological control, the concept of integrated pest management (IPM) developed into the systems-based judicious and coordinated use of multiple control techniques aimed at reducing pest damage to economically tolerable levels. Chemical control, with scheduled treatments, was the starting point for most management systems in the 1950s. Although chemical control is philosophically compatible with IPM practices as a whole, reduction in pesticide use has been historically one of the main goals of IPM practitioners. In the absence of IPM, excessive reliance on pesticides has led to repeated control failures due to the evolution of resistance by pest populations. This creates the need for constant replacement of failed chemicals with new compounds, known as the 'insecticide treadmill'. In evolutionary biology, a similar phenomenon is known as the Red Queen principle - continuing change is needed for a population to persevere because its competitors undergo constant evolutionary adaptation. The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is an insect defoliator of potatoes that is notorious for its ability to develop insecticide resistance. In the present article, a review is given of four case studies from across the United States to demonstrate the importance of using IPM for sustainable management of a highly adaptable insect pest. Excessive reliance on often indiscriminate insecticide applications and inadequate use of alternative control methods, such as crop rotation, appear to expedite evolution of insecticide resistance in its populations. Resistance to IPM would involve synchronized adaptations to multiple unfavorable factors, requiring statistically unlikely genetic changes. Therefore, integrating different techniques is likely to reduce the need for constant replacement of failed chemicals with new ones. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:24817433

Alyokhin, Andrei; Mota-Sanchez, David; Baker, Mitchell; Snyder, William E; Menasha, Sandra; Whalon, Mark; Dively, Galen; Moarsi, Wassem F

2015-03-01

8

Poultry Pest Management  

E-print Network

Control for Homes and Neighbor- hoods, or SP-196, Management of Imported Fire Ants in Cattle Production Systems, all of which are available at http://tcebookstore.org. Miscellaneous pests Chiggers, Trombicula (Eutrombicula) splendens (Ewing), T... of the U.S. Trombicula splendens is not as widely distrib- uted as T. alfreddugesi, but their ranges often overlap. Trombicula spendens occurs in eastern half of the United States but ranges into Texas and prefers more moist habitations than does...

Tomberlin, Jeffery K.; Drees, Bastiaan M.

2007-05-18

9

Insect Pest Management in Virginia  

E-print Network

Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean Tidewater Agricultural Research MANAGEMENT IN VIRGINIA COTTON, PEANUT, AND SOYBEAN 2011 D. Ames Herbert, Jr., Extension Entomologist. Ray Clarke, Dinwiddie Co. Donald Turner, Dinwiddie Co. Greg Jenkins, Gloucester Co. Kirby Farms

Liskiewicz, Maciej

10

Pest management with natural products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The 2012 Philadelphia ACS Symposium on Natural Products for Pest Management introduced recent discoveries and applications of natural products from insect, terrestrial plant, microbial, and synthetic sources for the management of insects, weeds, plant pathogenic microbes, and nematodes. The symposiu...

11

Monitoring in banana pest management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring in banana pest management is an important activity for commercial and\\/or smallholder banana production. It is required to detect the occurrence of newly introduced pest species, those which have previously been of minor importance, and for new variants which pose particular threats. Monitoring is important strategically in providing early warning of problems that may arise, and in some cases

M. J. Jeger; J. M. Waller; A. Johanson; S. R. Gowen

1996-01-01

12

Seasonal Integrated Pest Management  

E-print Network

the addition of other IPM practices may be beneficial. Space is provided to indicate when practices have been) helps growers use pesticides wisely in combination with other approaches to minimize economic, health and observations in the field. This includes education about pest life cycles, scouting for pests and the impact

13

Towards integrated pest management in red clover seed production.  

PubMed

The development of integrated pest management is hampered by lack of information on how insect pest abundances relate to yield losses, and how pests are affected by control measures. In this study, we develop integrated pest management tactics for Apion spp. weevils (Coleoptera: Brentidae) in seed production of red clover, Trifolium pratense L. We tested a method to forecast pest damage, quantified the relationship between pest abundance and yield, and evaluated chemical and biological pest control in 29 Swedish red clover fields in 2008 and 2011. Pest inflorescence abundance, which had a highly negative effect on yield, could be predicted with pan trap catches of adult pests. In 2008, chemical control with typically one application of pyrethroids was ineffective both in decreasing pest abundances and in increasing yields. In 2011, when chemical control included applications of the neonicotinoid thiacloprid, pest abundances decreased and yields increased considerably in treated field zones. A post hoc analysis indicated that using pyrethroids in addition to thiacloprid was largely redundant. Infestation rates by parasitoids was higher and reached average levels of around 40% in insecticide treated field zones in 2011, which is a level of interest for biological pest control. Based on the data presented, an economic threshold for chemical control is developed, and guidelines are provided on minimum effective chemical pest control. PMID:23156158

Lundin, Ola; Rundlöf, Maj; Smith, Henrik G; Bommarco, Riccardo

2012-10-01

14

2013 South Carolina Pest Management andbook  

E-print Network

APT-1 2013 South Carolina Pest Management andbook #12; Table of Measurements and Conversions = Square; tbs = Tablespoon; tsp = Teaspoon; yd = Yard. #12;South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 2013 South Carolina Pest Management Handbook The Pest Management Handbook is a set

Stuart, Steven J.

15

2011 Pest Management Guide for Grapes in Washington  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The 2011 Pest Management Guide for Grapes in Washington presents all the various chemicals and their uses against pest problems common to Washington vineyards. While the recommendations are based on eastern Washington conditions, the information may often be applied to similar pest problems found t...

16

2010 Pest Management Guide for Wine Grapes in Oregon  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is a pest management guide developed for use by vineyard managers in Oregon. This guide represents some of the best recommendations for chemicals, formulations, and usage rates of products that are intended to prevent, manage and control vineyard diseases, insects, weeds, and vertebrate pests. ...

17

Hanford site integrated pest management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Integrated Pest Management Plan (HSIPMP) defines the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) decision process and subsequent strategies by which pest problems are to be solved at all Hanford Site properties per DOE-RL Site Infrastructure Division memo (WHC 9505090). The HSIPMP defines the roles that contractor organizations play in supporting the IPM process. In short the IPM process anticipates and prevents pest activity and infestation by combining several strategies to achieve long-term pest control solutions.

Giddings, R.F.

1996-04-09

18

ARS RESEARCH ON NATURAL PRODUCTS FOR PEST MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent research of the Agricultural Research Service of USDA on the use of natural products to manage pests is summarized. Studies of the use of both phtyochemicals and diatomaceous earth to manage insect pests are discussed. Chemically characterized compounds, such as a saponin from pepper (Capsi...

19

ARS RESEARCH ON NATURAL PRODUCTS FOR PEST MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent research of the Agricultural Research Service of USDA on the use of natural products to manage pests is summarized. Studies of the use of both phytochemicals and diatomaceous earth to manage insect pests are discussed. Chemically characterized compounds, such as a saponin from pepper (Caps...

20

Forest pest management in a changing world  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope, context and science guiding forest pest management have evolved and are likely to continue changing into the future. Here, I present six areas of advice to guide practitioners in the implementation of forest pest management. First, human dimensions will continue to play a key role in most pest problems and should always be a primary consideration in management.

Andrew M. Liebhold

2012-01-01

21

Household Use of Agricultural Chemicals for Soil-Pest Management and Own Labor for Yard Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of its potential health and environmental risks and contribution to agribusiness, the use of agricultural chemicals\\u000a for yard care has not been well studied. In our discrete-continuous choice model, estimated with data from a national survey,\\u000a a household chooses how much money, if any, to initially spend on types of agricultural chemicals and applicators and how\\u000a much time

Scott R. Templeton; David Zilberman; Seung Jick Yoo; Andrew L. Dabalen

2008-01-01

22

Urban Pest Management of Ants in California  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Keeping pace with the dynamic and evolving landscape of invasive ants in California presents a formidable challenge to the pest management industry. Pest management professionals (PMPs) are on the frontlines when it comes to battling these exotic ant pests, and are often the first ones to intercept ...

23

Wildlife and integrated pest management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of options are available to those professionals interested in pest management through an integrated approach. The components of this approach are manipulation of vegetation; manipulation of population structure, dynamics, and interaction; and manipulation of the values associated with animal and plant crop production. Each component has numerous methods, which when used alone or in combination, offer a nearly infinite number of alternatives to the successful use of pesticides.

Giles, Robert H.

1980-09-01

24

SCHOOLS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) FOR COCKROACHES  

E-print Network

SCHOOLS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) FOR COCKROACHES *Important Note* According to the Virginia grounds. INTRODUCTION Cockroaches are one of the most common urban pests in Virginia public facilities. Cockroaches are pests for several reasons. First of all, cockroaches, in their search for nourishment, invade

Liskiewicz, Maciej

25

Challenges of Integrated Pest Management in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a response to the negative side effects of chemical control in the developed world, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) developed\\u000a with an emphasis on reducing the role of pesticides. Later the role of natural enemies was recognized as being the cornerstone\\u000a for sustainable pest management strategies. The IPM concept initially stressed the combination of control tactics while afterwards\\u000a the empowerment

Arnold van Huis

2008-01-01

26

DEPARTMENT OF BIOAGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND PEST MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

the University, as well as other relevant entities in the State and beyond. The Department plays a critical role1 CODE DEPARTMENT OF BIOAGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND PEST MANAGEMENT I. Department Mission and Objectives. A. The Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management focuses its teaching, research

27

Radar, Insect Population Ecology, and Pest Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Discussions included: (1) the potential role of radar in insect ecology studies and pest management; (2) the potential role of radar in correlating atmospheric phenomena with insect movement; (3) the present and future radar systems; (4) program objectives required to adapt radar to insect ecology studies and pest management; and (5) the specific action items to achieve the objectives.

Vaughn, C. R. (editor); Wolf, W. (editor); Klassen, W. (editor)

1979-01-01

28

2013 GEORGIA PEST MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK Commercial Edition  

E-print Network

1 2013 GEORGIA PEST MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK Commercial Edition Special Bulletin 28 Edited by Dan Horton The thirty-fourth edition of the Georgia Pest Management Handbook gives current information on selection SPILLS Assemble a spill kit that contains the following items. 1. Protective equipment indicated

Arnold, Jonathan

29

Before and after Silent Spring: from chemical pesticides to biological control and integrated pest management--Britain, 1945-1980.  

PubMed

The use of chemical pesticides increased considerably after World War II, and ecological damage was noticeable by the late 1940s. This paper outlines some ecological problems experienced during the post-war period in the UK, and in parts of what is now Malaysia. Also discussed is the government's response. Although Rachel Carson's book, Silent Spring (1962), was important in bringing the problems to a wider public, she was not alone in sounding the alarm. Pressure from the public and from British scientists led, among other things, to the founding of the Natural Environment Research Council in 1965. By the 1970s, environmentalism was an important movement, and funding for ecological and environmental research was forthcoming even during the economic recession. Some of the recipients were ecologists working at Imperial College London. Moved by the political climate, and by the evidence of ecological damage, they carried out research on the biological control of insect pests. PMID:23057183

Gay, Hannah

2012-07-01

30

ENHANCED PEST MANAGEMENT WITH COVER CROP MULCHES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Living and dead plant vegetation on the surface of soils can provide opportunities for regulating pest populations in no-tillage production systems. Cover crops generate substantial quantities of surface vegetation and residue that can be managed to enhance control of pests. Research at the Beltsv...

31

INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT IN STORED GRAIN  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This presentation will feature a discussion how the use of insecticides can be optimized through integrated pest management. The primary and major secondary pests of stored grains will be presented as targets for insecticidal control. Current registered insecticides that are used for the various ph...

32

Arthropod Pest Management in Greenhouses and Interiorscapes  

E-print Network

, Commercial Greenhouse Pests. Aphids Aphids feed on a wide range of greenhouse crops. They are soft. Regardless of species, aphids are normally 1/8 inch or less in length. Most have a pair of cornicles- Arthropod Pest Management in Greenhouses and Interiorscapes ing a hand lens. Aphids feed on buds, leaves

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

33

Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and  

E-print Network

2 Historical Perspectives on Apple Production: Fruit Tree Pest Management, Regulation and New. Historical Use of Pesticides in Apple Production Overview of Apple Production and Pest Management Prior in Apple Production Chemical Residues in Early Insect Management Historical Chemical Regulation Recent

Jentsch, Peter J.

34

Integrated Pest Management of Flies in Texas Dairies  

E-print Network

Integrated pest management of f_lies in Texas dairies 12-97 Contents 3 Fly management problems Insecticide resistance, environmental regulations and public opinion are increasing the need for an integrated approach to fly management. 4 Major pest... flies Knowing the biology of the major pest flies ? houseflies, stable flies, horn flies, garbage flies and blow flies ? can help producers manage them successfully. 6 Integrated pest management Integrated pest management (IPM) links many control methods...

Stevenson, Douglas; Cocke, Jesse

2000-01-11

35

Action and Inaction Levels in Pest Management.  

E-print Network

~AMPHIB THIS MATERIAL MAY NOT BE REMOVED FROl\\11 ,THE LIBRARY Action & Inaction Levels in Pest Management THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION I Nevil le P. Clarke I The Texas A&M University System I ColleQe Station, Texas B-1480 July... 1984 Action and Inaction Levels in Pest Management Winfield Sterling Department of Entomology Texas A&M University and The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station College Station, Texas 77843 Contents Introduction...

Sterling, Winfield

1984-01-01

36

Delivery of intrahemocoelic peptides for insect pest management.  

PubMed

The extensive use of chemical insecticides for insect pest management has resulted in insecticide resistance now being recorded in >500 species of insects and mites. Although gut-active toxins such as those derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have been successfully used for insect pest management, a diverse range of insect-specific insecticidal peptides remains an untapped resource for pest management efforts. These toxins act within the insect hemocoel (body cavity) and hence require a delivery system to access their target site. Here, we summarize recent developments for appropriate delivery of such intrahemocoelic insect toxins, via fusion to a second protein such as a plant lectin or a luteovirus coat protein for transcytosis across the gut epithelium, or via entomopathogenic fungi. PMID:24331760

Bonning, Bryony C; Chougule, Nanasaheb P

2014-02-01

37

Efficient Management of Fruit Pests by Pheromone Nanogels  

PubMed Central

Environment-friendly management of fruit flies involving pheromones is useful in reducing the undesirable pest populations responsible for decreasing the yield and the crop quality. A nanogel has been prepared from a pheromone, methyl eugenol (ME) using a low-molecular mass gelator. This was very stable at open ambient conditions and slowed down the evaporation of pheromone significantly. This enabled its easy handling and transportation without refrigeration, and reduction in the frequency of pheromone recharging in the orchard. Notably the involvement of the nano-gelled pheromone brought about an effective management of Bactrocera dorsalis, a prevalent harmful pest for a number of fruits including guava. Thus a simple, practical and low cost green chemical approach is developed that has a significant potential for crop protection, long lasting residual activity, excellent efficacy and favorable safety profiles. This makes the present invention well-suited for pest management in a variety of crops. PMID:23416455

Bhagat, Deepa; Samanta, Suman K.; Bhattacharya, Santanu

2013-01-01

38

Management of insect pests and weeds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cuban government has undertaken the task of transforming insect pest and weed management from conventional to organic and more sustainable approaches on a nationwide basis. This paper addresses past programs and current major areas of research and implementation as well as provides examples of programs in insect and weed management. Topics covered include the newly constructed network of Centers

Jeff Dlott; Ivette Perfecto; Peter Rosset; Larry Burkham; Julio Monterrey; John Vandermeer

1993-01-01

39

TAME MELALEUCA - AN AREAWIDE PEST MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Areawide Management and Evaluation of Melaleuca (TAME Melaleuca) program was established and funded by the USDA's Areawide Pest Management Initiative. The goal of the 5-year TAME Melaleuca project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of an integrated approach for the control of melaleuca. TAME Me...

40

United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service research on natural products for pest management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research of the Agricultural Research Service of USDA on the use of natural products to manage pests is summarized. Studies of the use of both phytochemicals and diatomaceous earth to manage insect pests are discussed. Chemically characterized compounds, such as a saponin from pepper (Capsicum frutescens L), benzaldehyde, chitosan and 2-deoxy-D-glucose are being studied as natural fungicides. Resin glycosides

Stephen O Duke; Scott R Baerson; Franck E Dayan; Agnes M Rimando; Brian E Scheffler; Mario R Tellez; David E Wedge; Kevin K Schrader; David H Akey; Frank H Arthur; Anthony J De Lucca; Donna M Gibson; Howard F Harrison Jr; Joseph K Peterson; David R Gealy; Thomas Tworkoski; Charles L Wilson; J Brad Morris

2003-01-01

41

DEMONSTRATING INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT OF HOT PEPPERS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We studied the effects of organic and synthetic chemical fertilizers on crop growth, yield and associated insect pests for two varieties of hot pepper, Capsicum chinense Jacquin (Solanaceae): “Scotch Bonnet” and “Caribbean Red” in north Florida. Hot peppers were grown under three treatments: poultr...

42

Demonstrating Integrated Pest Management of Hot Peppers  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We studied the effects of organic and synthetic chemical fertilizers on crop growth, yield and associated insect pests for two varieties of hot pepper, Capsicum chinense Jacquin (Solanaceae): “Scotch Bonnet” and “Caribbean Red” in north Florida. Hot peppers were grown under three treatments: poultr...

43

Insect pests of tea and their management.  

PubMed

Globally, 1031 species of arthropods are associated with the intensively managed tea Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze monoculture. All parts of the plant, leaf, stem, root, flower, and seed, are fed upon by at least one pest species, resulting in an 11%-55% loss in yield if left unchecked. There has been heavy use of organosynthetic pesticides since the 1950s to defend the plant against these pests, leading to rapid conversion of innocuous species into pests, development of resistance, and undesirable pesticide residues in made tea. As a result of importer and consumer concerns, pesticide residues have become a major problem for the tea industry. Integrated pest management (IPM) may help to overcome the overuse of pesticides and subsequent residues. We review the advances made in our understanding of the biology and ecology of major insect and mite pests of tea, host plant resistance, cultural practices, biocontrol measures, and need-based application of botanicals and safer pesticides to understand the present status of IPM and to identify future challenges to improvement. PMID:19067632

Hazarika, Lakshmi K; Bhuyan, Mantu; Hazarika, Budhindra N

2009-01-01

44

PEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGIC PLAN FOR HONEY BEES  

E-print Network

PEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGIC PLAN FOR HONEY BEES IN THE MID-ATLANTIC STATES (DE, MD, NC, NJ, PA, SC .........................................................................................................................................3 SUMMARY OF PRIORITIES FOR HONEY BEES IN THE MID-ATLANTIC STATES ................................4.......................................................................33 EFFICACY TABLES AND HONEY BEE ACTIVITIES TIMELINE

Tarpy, David R.

45

DISEASE AND PEST MANAGEMENT OF MEDICINAL CROPS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This article covers various aspects of disease and pest management as they relate specifically to medicinal plants. Typical disease symptoms for fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes are described as well as illustrated on specific medicinal crops. Various research tools recently made accessible...

46

Insect pest management in forest ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the role of insects in forest ecosystems is vital to the development of environmentally and economically sound pest management strategies in forestry Most of the research on forest insects has been confined to phytophagous species associated with economically important tree species The roles of most other insects in forest environments have generally been ignored, including the natural enemies and

Donald L. Dahlsten; David L. Rowney

1983-01-01

47

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS  

E-print Network

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS Department of Crop Science #12;Distributed are offeredto all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local

48

Management of Stored Wheat Insect Pests in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of stored-grain insect pests by farmers or elevator managers should be based upon a knowledge of the grain storage environment and the ecology of insect pests. Grain storage facilities and practices, geographical location, government policies, and marketing demands for grain quality are discussed as factors influencing stored-grain insect pest management decisions in the United States. Typical practices include a

David W. Hagstrum; Carl Reed; Phil Kenkel

1999-01-01

49

Plant Volatiles-based Insect Pest Management in Organic Farming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organic agriculture is increasing in popularity worldwide due to the rapidly growing market for organic products. In organic production, insects present a major pest challenge that negatively impacts crop health and yield. To successfully manage an organic farmland, an effective insect pest management program is key. In this review, we first describe the approaches currently used for pest management in

Gitika Shrivastava; Mary Rogers; Annette Wszelaki; Dilip R. Panthee; Feng Chen

2010-01-01

50

Pest Control in the School Environment: Adopting Integrated Pest Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the public becomes more aware of the health and environmental risks pesticides may pose, its interest in seeking the use of equally effective alternative pest control methods increases. School administrators and other persons who have pest control decision-making responsibilities for school buildings and grounds can use this guide to become…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pesticide Programs.

51

Remote Sensing and GIS Applications for Precision Areawide Pest Management: Implications for Homeland Security  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Areawide pest management represents coordinated adoption of integrated pest management to conduct preventive suppression of a pest species throughout its geographic distribution. Scientists in areawide pest management programs have been developing, integrating, and evaluating multiple strategies an...

52

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 266 TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL Francis lost or becoming ineffective. When insect pest populations reach economic threshold levels, control measures must be taken. The ultimate line of defense against insect enemies is the use of chemicals

Stuart, Steven J.

53

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 279 TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL Francis lost or becoming ineffective. When insect pest populations reach economic threshold levels, control measures must be taken. The ultimate line of defense against insect enemies is the use of chemicals

Duchowski, Andrew T.

54

Implementation of integrated pest management in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supervised control programs were initiated by the Extension Service in the deciduous orchards of Upper Galilee and the Golan\\u000a almost 20 years ago. The integrated pest management (IPM) project on fruit crops and vines, launched as a systematic state-wide\\u000a program in 1991, covered 23% of the total acreage at the end of 1996. The program has reached a critical mass

Reuben Ausher

1997-01-01

55

Insect pest management in forest ecosystems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the role of insects in forest ecosystems is vital to the development of environmentally and economically sound pest management strategies in forestry Most of the research on forest insects has been confined to phytophagous species associated with economically important tree species The roles of most other insects in forest environments have generally been ignored, including the natural enemies and associates of phytophagous species identified as being important In the past few years several investigations have begun to reevaluate the role of phytophagous species responsible for perturbation in forest ecosystems, and it appears that these species may be playing an important role in the primary productivity of those ecosystems Also, there is an increasing awareness that forest pest managers have been treating the symptoms and not the causes of the problems in the forest Many insect problems are associated with poor sites or sites where trees are growing poorly because of crowding As a result, there is considerable emphasis on the hazard rating of stands of trees for their susceptibility to various phytophagous insects The next step is to manipulate forest stands to make them less susceptible to forest pest complexes A thinning study in California is used as an example and shows that tree mortality in ponderosa pine ( Pinus ponderosa) attributable to the western pine beetle ( Dendroctonus brevicomis) can be reduced by commercial thinning to reduce stocking

Dahlsten, Donald L.; Rowney, David L.

1983-01-01

56

Global warming presents new challenges for maize pest management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been conjectured that global warming will increase the prevalence of insect pests in many agro-ecosystems. In this paper, we quantitatively assess four of the key pests of maize, one of the most important systems in North American grain production. Using empirically generated estimates of pest overwintering thresholds and degree-day requirements, along with climate change projections from a high-resolution climate model, we project potential future ranges for each of these pests in the United States. Our analysis suggests the possibility of increased winter survival and greater degree-day accumulations for each of the pests surveyed. We find that relaxed cold limitation could expand the range of all four pest taxa, including a substantial range expansion in the case of corn earworm (H. zea), a migratory, cold-intolerant pest. Because the corn earworm is a cosmopolitan pest that has shown resistance to insecticides, our results suggest that this expansion could also threaten other crops, including those in high-value areas of the western United States. Because managing significant additional pressure from this suite of established pests would require additional pest management inputs, the projected decreases in cold limitation and increases in heat accumulation have the potential to significantly alter the pest management landscape for North American maize production. Further, these range expansions could have substantial economic impacts through increased seed and insecticide costs, decreased yields, and the downstream effects of changes in crop yield variability.

Diffenbaugh, Noah S.; Krupke, Christian H.; White, Michael A.; Alexander, Corinne E.

2008-10-01

57

Managing Insect and Mite Pests of Texas Small Grains  

E-print Network

resistance to greenbug. 6 Tillage and other management factors Tillage has long been recognized as important for insect control. It not only destroys host plants, but also may bury some insects too deep for survival. Plowing under stubble reduces... when used with other compatible pest control practices in an integrated pest management program. These practices include cultural control, host plant resistance and the selective use of insecticides when other practices fail to keep pest numbers...

Patrick, Carl D.; Knutson, Allen E.

2006-07-05

58

Managing Insect Pests of Texas Sunflower  

E-print Network

Insect pests are often a major limiting factor in Texas sunflower production. This publication describes the major insect pests infesting the sunflower head, stalk, foliage and roots, and offers suggestions for controlling them, including a table...

Patrick, Carl D.

1999-02-15

59

Insect pest management decisions in food processing facilities  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pest management decision making in food processing facilities such as flour mills, rice mills, human and pet food manufacturing facilities, distribution centers and warehouses, and retail stores is a challenging undertaking. Insect pest management programs require an understanding of the food facili...

60

Managing Insect Pests of Texas Sunflower.  

E-print Network

)OC rA245.7 ~73 ? t44Pests of Texas Sunflower ? Texas Agricultural Extension Service Zerle L. Carpenter. Director The Texas A&M University System College Station. Texas . CONTENTS INSECT PESTS INFESTING... THE HEAD Sunflower Moth .......................... 4 Sunflower Bud Moth (Suleimaj ........ . . 5 Headclipper Weevil .................... 6 Seed Weevils ......................... 6 INSECT PESTS INFESTING THE STALK Stem Weevil...

Patrick, Carl D.

1983-01-01

61

Poultry Integrated Pest Management: Status and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern commercial poultry production under large companies is expanding worldwide with similar methods and housing, and the accompanying arthropod and rodent pest problems. The pests increase the cost of production and are factors in the spread of avian diseases. The biology, behavior and control of ectoparasites and premise pests are described in relation to the different housing and production practices

Richard C. Axtell

1999-01-01

62

Managing Insects and Mite Pests of Texas Sorghum  

E-print Network

This is the complete guide for Texas sorghum growers. It covers an integrated approach to managing insect and mite pests to help growers prevent, diagnose and control damaging infestations. This publication offers suggestions for managing 26 insect...

Cronholm, Gregory B.; Knutson, Allen E.; Parker, Roy D.; Pendleton, Bonnie

2007-06-20

63

HIGH PLAINS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT GUIDE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Many diseases affect crops grown in the High Plains region. This guide is intended to provide current effective management options for plant diseases affecting all major field crops grown in the High Plains region. Chemical and non-chemical control practices, when available, are described in detai...

64

Insect pests of beans in Africa: their ecology and management.  

PubMed

Damage by insect pests, inter alia, is considered the limiting factor of bean production in Africa. This paper reviews the current status of insect pests of beans, focusing on their ecology and management, as well as the potential for integrated pest management (IPM) approaches in subsistence farming conditions, under which most beans are grown in Africa. Although numerous insect pests attack all parts of beans, bean stem maggots and bruchids are the most important field and storage pests, respectively. Foliage beetles, flower thrips, pollen beetles, pod borers, pod bugs, and sap suckers such as aphids also inflict significant damage. Control of bean pests in Africa is achieved through the use of a traditional IPM approach that consists of appropriate sowing dates, optimum plant density, varietal mixtures, intercropping, good crop husbandry, and locally available materials. Research should focus on low-input IPM approaches that encompass farmers' current practices, host-plant resistance, and natural biological control. PMID:15012324

Abate, T; Ampofo, J K

1996-01-01

65

Managing Insect and Mite Pests in Vegetable Gardens  

E-print Network

objects where pests such as cut- worms, slugs, snails, pillbugs and sowbugs can congregate. Mulches help maintain moisture and provide shelter for spiders and predatory insects; however, mulch also provides shelter for pests. Select pest... be used inside the garden to control fire ants; be careful to avoid burning the applicator or the plants. For more information on fire ant management see http://fireants.tamu.edu. Snails and slugs: Products containing met- aldehyde are the primary...

Jackman, John A.

2008-02-19

66

A total system approach to sustainable pest?management  

PubMed Central

A fundamental shift to a total system approach for crop protection is urgently needed to resolve escalating economic and environmental consequences of combating agricultural pests. Pest management strategies have long been dominated by quests for “silver bullet” products to control pest outbreaks. However, managing undesired variables in ecosystems is similar to that for other systems, including the human body and social orders. Experience in these fields substantiates the fact that therapeutic interventions into any system are effective only for short term relief because these externalities are soon “neutralized” by countermoves within the system. Long term resolutions can be achieved only by restructuring and managing these systems in ways that maximize the array of “built-in” preventive strengths, with therapeutic tactics serving strictly as backups to these natural regulators. To date, we have failed to incorporate this basic principle into the mainstream of pest management science and continue to regress into a foot race with nature. In this report, we establish why a total system approach is essential as the guiding premise of pest management and provide arguments as to how earlier attempts for change and current mainstream initiatives generally fail to follow this principle. We then draw on emerging knowledge about multitrophic level interactions and other specific findings about management of ecosystems to propose a pivotal redirection of pest management strategies that would honor this principle and, thus, be sustainable. Finally, we discuss the potential immense benefits of such a central shift in pest management philosophy. PMID:9356432

Lewis, W. J.; van Lenteren, J. C.; Phatak, Sharad C.; Tumlinson, J. H.

1997-01-01

67

Development of Integrated Pest Management in Texas Citrus.  

E-print Network

Tooe LIBRARY B-1434 May 1983 Develo ~!!!~~!:rsitY of Integrated Pest Management ? In Texas Citrus The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Neville P. Clarke, Director, The Texas A&M University System, College Station, Texas CONTENTS... Page Summary ii In trod uction ........................................................ 1 History of Pest Problems ............................................. 1 Factors Affecting The Quality And Quantity of Fresh And Process Fruit...

Dean, H.A.; French, J. Victor; Meyerdirk, Dale

1983-01-01

68

PEST MANAGEMENT Effects of Landscape Composition and Rotation Distance on  

E-print Network

12128 ABSTRACT Knowledge of the Colorado potato beetleÃ?s, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), relation to previous season potato. Colorado potato beetle count data were collected in 1998 and 2008 and distance integrated pest man- agement programs. KEY WORDS Colorado potato beetle, integrated pest management, crop

Mladenoff, David

69

The Hawaii Fruit Fly Area-Wide Pest Management Program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most economically important pests attacking soft fruits worldwide. The Hawaii Fruit Fly Area-Wide Pest Management (AWPM) Program was initiated in 1999 to suppress fruit flies below economic thresholds while reducing the use of organophosphate insect...

70

IMPROVING PEST MANAGEMENT WITH REMOTE SENSING  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Given the sporadic nature of pest occurrence in crop fields, SSPM is a logical approach to dealing with pests, both from environmental and economic perspectives. With the technological advances of the past decade, this is an exciting time for SSPM. Remote sensing is being commercially used in weed...

71

Pest Private Eye: Using an Interactive Role-Playing Video Game to Teach about Pests and Integrated Pest Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend toward encouraging adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in schools has increased in the last decade. Because IPM helps reduce risk of human pesticide exposure, reduce allergens and asthma triggers, save energy, and protect the environment, it's essential that IPM awareness continue not only with current school administrators,…

Bauer, Erin; Ogg, Clyde

2011-01-01

72

Pest management strategies in traditional agriculture: an African perspective.  

PubMed

African agriculture is largely traditional--characterized by a large number of smallholdings of no more than one ha per household. Crop production takes place under extremely variable agro-ecological conditions, with annual rainfall ranging from 250 to 750 mm in the Sahel in the northwest and in the semi-arid east and south, to 1500 to 4000 mm in the forest zones in the central west. Farmers often select well-adapted, stable crop varieties, and cropping systems are such that two or more crops are grown in the same field at the same time. These diverse traditional systems enhance natural enemy abundance and generally keep pest numbers at low levels. Pest management practice in traditional agriculture is a built-in process in the overall crop production system rather than a separate well-defined activity. Increased population pressure and the resulting demand for increased crop production in Africa have necessitated agricultural expansion with the concomitant decline in the overall biodiversity. Increases in plant material movement in turn facilitated the accidental introduction of foreign pests. At present about two dozen arthropod pests, both introduced and native, are recognized as one of the major constraints to agricultural production and productivity in Africa. Although yield losses of 0% to 100% have been observed on-station, the economic significance of the majority of pests under farmers' production conditions is not adequately understood. Economic and social constraints have kept pesticide use in Africa the lowest among all the world regions. The bulk of pesticides are applied mostly against pests of commercial crops such as cotton, vegetables, coffee, and cocoa, and to some extent for combating outbreaks of migratory pests such as the locusts. The majority of African farmers still rely on indigenous pest management approaches to manage pest problems, although many government extension programs encourage the use of pesticides. The current pest management research activities carried out by national or international agricultural research programs in Africa focus on classical biological control and host plant resistance breeding. With the exception of classical biological control of the cassava mealybug, research results have not been widely adopted. This could be due to African farmers facing heterogeneous conditions, not needing fixed prescriptions or one ideal variety but a number of options and genotypes to choose from. Indigenous pest management knowledge is site-specific and should be the basis for developing integrated pest management (IPM) techniques. Farmers often lack the biological and ecological information necessary to develop better pest management through experimentation. Formal research should be instrumental in providing the input necessary to facilitate participatory technology development such as that done by Farmer Field Schools, an approach now emerging in different parts of Africa. PMID:10761592

Abate, T; van Huis, A; Ampofo, J K

2000-01-01

73

7 CFR 205.271 - Facility pest management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Organic Production...producer or handler of an organic facility must use management...Removal of pest habitat, food sources, and breeding...

2014-01-01

74

7 CFR 205.271 - Facility pest management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Organic Production...producer or handler of an organic facility must use management...Removal of pest habitat, food sources, and breeding...

2013-01-01

75

7 CFR 205.271 - Facility pest management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Organic Production...producer or handler of an organic facility must use management...Removal of pest habitat, food sources, and breeding...

2012-01-01

76

Integrated pest management for certified organic production in Oklahoma  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Integrated pest management (IPM) and sustainable agriculture are basic precepts within the organic crop production philosophy. The establishment of federal guidelines for organic certification in 2002 provided a structure for producers and processors to market certified organic foods. The guidelin...

77

A Statewide Pest Management Plan for Texas.  

E-print Network

. The greatly increased acreage of corn provides an ideal early host plant for bollworms and allows the bollworm population to increase prior to the blooming of cotton. There is a definite trend toward greater insecticide use in cotton. Although pest....L., Deputy Chancellor for Agriculture, The Texas A&M University System, College Station Amador, Dr. M. Jose. Area Extension Plant Pathologist, TAEX*, Weslaco Anderson, Dr. Darwin J., Extension Agent-Entomology (Pest Man- agement), TAEX, Robstown Archer...

1981-01-01

78

Integrated Pest Management: Conducting Urban Rodent Surveys i Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Integrated pest management: conducting urban  

E-print Network

#12;Integrated Pest Management: Conducting Urban Rodent Surveys i Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Integrated pest management: conducting urban rodent surveys. Atlanta: US..........................................................................................................4 Personnel Requirements

79

Nonchemical management of soilborne pests in fresh market vegetable production systems.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Nonchemical methods including host resistance, organic amendments, crop rotation, soil solarization, and cultural practices have been used to control soilborne pests in fresh market vegetable production systems. Their suitability as alternatives to methyl bromide will depend on the approach to pest management used by the grower. Traditionally, methyl bromide is used in production systems that rely on the single application of a broad-spectrum biocide to disinfest soils prior to planting. Non-chemical methods are not suitable for a single tactic approach to pest management because they do not provide the same broad spectrum of activity or consistency as fumigation with methyl bromide. Nonchemical methods are compatible with an integrated pest management (IPM) approach, where multiple tactics are used to maintain damage from pests below an economic threshold while minimizing the impact to beneficial organisms. However, adoption of IPM is hindered by the paucity of economically feasible sampling programs and thresholds for soilborne pests and by a reluctance of growers to commit additional resources to the collection and management of biological information. A novel approach to the management of soilborne pests is to design the crop production system to avoid pest outbreaks. Using this "proactive" approach, a tomato production system was developed using strip-tillage into existing bahia-grass pasture. By minimizing inputs and disruption to the pasture, growers were able to reap the rotational benefits of bahiagrass without cultivating the rotational crop. While minimizing the need for interventive procedures, a proactive approach is difficult to integrate into existing crop production systems and will require several years of testing and validation. PMID:18943895

Chellemi, D O

2002-12-01

80

Integrated Pest Management: A Curriculum for Early Care and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Integrated Pest Management Toolkit for Early Care and Education Programs" presents practical information about using integrated pest management (IPM) to prevent and manage pest problems in early care and education programs. This curriculum will help people in early care and education programs learn how to keep pests out of early care and…

California Childcare Health Program, 2011

2011-01-01

81

The development, regulation and use of biopesticides for integrated pest management  

PubMed Central

Over the past 50 years, crop protection has relied heavily on synthetic chemical pesticides, but their availability is now declining as a result of new legislation and the evolution of resistance in pest populations. Therefore, alternative pest management tactics are needed. Biopesticides are pest management agents based on living micro-organisms or natural products. They have proven potential for pest management and they are being used across the world. However, they are regulated by systems designed originally for chemical pesticides that have created market entry barriers by imposing burdensome costs on the biopesticide industry. There are also significant technical barriers to making biopesticides more effective. In the European Union, a greater emphasis on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as part of agricultural policy may lead to innovations in the way that biopesticides are regulated. There are also new opportunities for developing biopesticides in IPM by combining ecological science with post-genomics technologies. The new biopesticide products that will result from this research will bring with them new regulatory and economic challenges that must be addressed through joint working between social and natural scientists, policy makers and industry. PMID:21624919

Chandler, David; Bailey, Alastair S.; Tatchell, G. Mark; Davidson, Gill; Greaves, Justin; Grant, Wyn P.

2011-01-01

82

Pest management update on sunflower midge  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The sunflower midge (Contarinia schulzi) is a serious insect pest of sunflower, causing bud and head deformation that lead to poor seed development, and in many cases no seed development. This presentation describes the life cycle of the sunflower midge and shows images of infested sunflower heads. ...

83

Cockroach Clean-Up Tour . Urban Pest Management. Teaching Environmental Living Skills to Elementary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrated Pest Management (IPM), a decision-making approach to pest control, is designed to help individuals decide if pest suppression treatments are necessary, when they should be initiated, where they should be applied, and what strategy/mix of tatics to use. IPM combines a variety of approaches with which to manage pests, including human…

Cowles, Kathleen Letcher

84

Stored Grain Insect Area-wide Integrated Pest Management (IPM)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

When wheat is mixed with wheat from other locations as it moves through the grain-marketing system, insect infestation can be spread to larger quantities of wheat, which increases the overall cost of insect pest management. In Kansas and Oklahoma, insect infestations currently are managed primarily...

85

Pest Management Science Pest Manag Sci (2008) Insect growth regulator effects of  

E-print Network

and neem oil on survivorship, development and fecundity of Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its pests in organic agriculture, approved insecticides, such as neem, are periodically utilized to reduce damaging pest populations. The authors evaluated direct spray treatments of two neem formulations

Sheridan, Jennifer

86

INSECT GROWTH REGULATORS (IGRS) IN PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This presentation is part of the symposium "Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Stored Product Entomology", presented at the 5th National IPM Conference. The use of IGRs as grain protectants, contact insecticides, and aerosols will be described and discussed using examples from current research proj...

87

Cynthia S. Brown ADDRESS Department of Bioagricultural Sciences & Pest Management  

E-print Network

-2005 Colorado Department of Agriculture "Plant Invasion Assessment for Colorado" $21,573 2003-2007 UnivCynthia S. Brown ADDRESS Department of Bioagricultural Sciences & Pest Management Colorado State Restoration Ecology Dissertation topic: The effects of species diversity and resource use patterns

Brown, Cynthia S.

88

Transgenic Arthropods for Pest Management Programs: Risks and Realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to genetically engineer arthropods using recombinant DNA meopens new opportunities for improving pest management programs but also creates new responsibilities, including evaluation of the potential risks of releasing transgenic arthropods into the environment. It is now becoming easier to transform diverse species of arthropods by a variety of recombinant DNA methods. Useful genes and genetic regulatory elements are

Marjorie A. Hoy

2000-01-01

89

1 | P a g e Professional Program in Pest Management  

E-print Network

1 | P a g e Professional Program in Pest Management in the Hospitality Industry, will be taught beginning October 8, 2012. The course, developed by Dr. Stephen Kells for those members of the hospitality industry who are tasked with ensuring that bed bug infestations

Aukema, Brian

90

SPATIAL VARIABILITY IN CORN AND SOYBEAN INSECT PESTS: PRECISION FARMING AND INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT FOR THE FUTURE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Public and private research effort is being invested in site-specific insect pest management but progress in this area lags behind other aspects of site-specific agriculture. The existence of field-level spatial variability in populations of key pests of soybean and corn suggests that a site-specif...

91

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTROL IN SUNFLOWER  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 249 WEED CONTROL IN SUNFLOWER Mike tank water first. #12;South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 250 Weed of soil within 48 hours of application. #12;South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops

Stuart, Steven J.

92

Optimizing pyramided transgenic Bt crops for sustainable pest management.  

PubMed

Transgenic crop pyramids producing two or more Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins that kill the same insect pest have been widely used to delay evolution of pest resistance. To assess the potential of pyramids to achieve this goal, we analyze data from 38 studies that report effects of ten Bt toxins used in transgenic crops against 15 insect pests. We find that compared with optimal low levels of insect survival, survival on currently used pyramids is often higher for both susceptible insects and insects resistant to one of the toxins in the pyramid. Furthermore, we find that cross-resistance and antagonism between toxins used in pyramids are common, and that these problems are associated with the similarity of the amino acid sequences of domains II and III of the toxins, respectively. This analysis should assist in future pyramid design and the development of sustainable resistance management strategies. PMID:25599179

Carrière, Yves; Crickmore, Neil; Tabashnik, Bruce E

2015-02-01

93

Agroecological strategies for arthropod pest management in Brazil.  

PubMed

There is a need to implement a new approach to pest control in which agroecological strategies are developed and adapted in a site-specific way to highly variable and diverse farm conditions typical of farms in tropical regions such as Brazil. It has become evident that the conventional agriculture based on high use of external inputs and oriented to maximize profits, has often been detrimental and unviable when considered from social and ecological perspectives. Pest problems, for example, are generally related to high input, single-crop agroecosystems. We discuss here agroecological strategies such as conservation biological control, use of natural pesticides and selectivity of synthetic and natural pesticides as a way to conserve and increase natural enemies' efficiency in Brazilian agroecosystems. In addition, we discuss some patents related to agroecological pest management. PMID:21428869

Lemos, Felipe; Sarmento, Renato A; Teodoro, Adenir V; dos Santos, Gil R; do Nascimento, Ildon R

2011-05-01

94

Boomer or Bust: Managing a Pacific Northwest Pest Species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mountain beaver are a primitive rodent species endemic to the Pacific Northwest and California. In Oregon and Washington, mountain beaver are managed as a pest species due to the damage they inflict to Douglas-fir seedlings as well as 10- to 15-year-old trees. Available biological information on the mountain beaver is limited, thus hampering the ability of managers to develop new

Wendy M. Arjo; Dale L. Nolte

95

Exploitation of Natural Compounds in Eco-Friendly Management of Plant Pests  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The intensive use of synthetic pesticides and their environmental and toxicological risks have generated increased global\\u000a interest to develop alternative sources of chemicals to be used in safe management of plant pests. Recently, in different\\u000a parts of the world, attention has been paid towards exploitation of higher plant products as novel chemotherapeutics for plant\\u000a protection because they are mostly non

N. K. Dubey; Ashok Kumar; Priyanka Singh; Ravindra Shukla

96

Managing Risk of Pest Introduction, Establishment and Spread in a Changing World  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This book chapter by Neil Heather and Guy Hallman, in “Pest Management and Phytosanitary Trade Barriers,” CABI Press, covers the topics of pest risk analysis, risk management, and host status, including the nonhost concept. Pest-free status and production areas as phytosanitary measures are also di...

97

POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT Public Service Assistant: Integrated Pest Management and Forest Health Program  

E-print Network

POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT Public Service Assistant: Integrated Pest Management and Forest Health Program Coordinator - The Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health University of Georgia Position: Twelve month, non- tenure track Public Service Assistant with responsibilities in Integrated Pest

Arnold, Jonathan

98

Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) integrated pest management programs for fruiting vegetables in Florida  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The spread of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) resulted in the worldwide destabilization of established integrated pest management programs for many crops. Efforts to control the pest and the thrips-vectored tospoviruses with calendar applicat...

99

Natural toxins for use in pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Natural toxins are a source of new chemical classes of pesticides, as well as environmentally and toxicologically safer molecules than many of the currently used pesticides. Furthermore, they often have molecular target sites that are not exploited by currently marketed pesticides. There are highly ...

100

REGISTRATION Crop and Pest Management School  

E-print Network

Management School Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology PO Box 173150, MSU Bozeman, MT 59717-3150 For more Sciences & Plant Pathology Mary Burrows, Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology Joyce Eckoff, Eastern Talbert, Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology Kevin Wanner, Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology David Weaver

Maxwell, Bruce D.

101

Natural Toxins for Use in Pest Management  

PubMed Central

Natural toxins are a source of new chemical classes of pesticides, as well as environmentally and toxicologically safer molecules than many of the currently used pesticides. Furthermore, they often have molecular target sites that are not exploited by currently marketed pesticides. There are highly successful products based on natural compounds in the major pesticide classes. These include the herbicide glufosinate (synthetic phosphinothricin), the spinosad insecticides, and the strobilurin fungicides. These and other examples of currently marketed natural product-based pesticides, as well as natural toxins that show promise as pesticides from our own research are discussed. PMID:22069667

Duke, Stephen O.; Cantrell, Charles L.; Meepagala, Kumudini M.; Wedge, David E.; Tabanca, Nurhayat; Schrader, Kevin K.

2010-01-01

102

Challenges with managing insecticide resistance in agricultural pests, exemplisfied by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci  

PubMed Central

For many key agricultural pests, successful management of insecticide resistance depends not only on modifying the way that insecticides are deployed, but also on reducing the total number of treatments applied. Both approaches benefit from a knowledge of the biological characteristics of pests that promote or may retard the development of resistance. For the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), these factors include a haplodiploid breeding system that encourages the rapid selection and fixation of resistance genes, its breeding cycle on a succession of treated or untreated hosts, and its occurrence on and dispersal from high-value crops in greenhouses and glasshouses. These factors, in conjunction with often intensive insecticide use, have led to severe and widespread resistance that now affects several novel as well as conventional control agents. Resistance-management strategies implemented on cotton in Israel, and subsequently in south-western USA, have nonetheless so far succeeded in arresting the resistance treadmill in B. tabaci through a combination of increased chemical diversity, voluntary or mandatory restrictions on the use of key insecticides, and careful integration of chemical control with other pest-management options. In both countries, the most significant achievement has been a dramatic reduction in the number of insecticide treatments applied against whiteflies on cotton, increasing the prospect of sustained use of existing and future insecticides.

Denholm, I.

1998-01-01

103

Farmers’ perceptions of tree mortality, pests and pest management practices in agroforestry in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pest management research within the context of agroforestry is in its infancy, and it is often difficult to say when a particular\\u000a pest justifies investment in research to establish facts. Understanding the potentials and drawbacks of farmers’ indigenous\\u000a ecological knowledge (ethnoecology) may form the basis for constructive collaboration between farmers, agroforestry scientists\\u000a and extension staff. Therefore, the objectives of the

Gudeta Weldesemayat Sileshi; Elias Kuntashula; Patrick Matakala; Philip O. Nkunika

2008-01-01

104

Developing trap cropping systems for effective organic management of key insect pests of cucurbit crops (IPM)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Trap cropping is a behaviorally-based pest management approach that functions by planting highly attractive plants next to a higher value crop so as to attract the pest to the trap crop plants, thus preventing or making less likely the arrival of the pest to the main crop (= cash crop). In 2012, a s...

105

IPM: Integrated Pest Management Kit for Building Managers. How To Implement an Integrated Pest Management Program in Your Building(s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This management kit introduces building managers to the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), and provides the knowledge and tools needed to implement an IPM program in their buildings. It discusses the barriers to implementing an IPM program, why such a program should be used, and the general guidelines for its implementation. Managerial…

Mitchell, Brad

106

Integrated pest management and weed management in the United States and Canada.  

PubMed

There is interest in more diverse weed management tactics because of evolved herbicide resistance in important weeds in many US and Canadian crop systems. While herbicide resistance in weeds is not new, the issue has become critical because of the adoption of simple, convenient and inexpensive crop systems based on genetically engineered glyphosate-tolerant crop cultivars. Importantly, genetic engineering has not been a factor in rice and wheat, two globally important food crops. There are many tactics that help to mitigate herbicide resistance in weeds and should be widely adopted. Evolved herbicide resistance in key weeds has influenced a limited number of growers to include a more diverse suite of tactics to supplement existing herbicidal tactics. Most growers still emphasize herbicides, often to the exclusion of alternative tactics. Application of integrated pest management for weeds is better characterized as integrated weed management, and more typically integrated herbicide management. However, adoption of diverse weed management tactics is limited. Modifying herbicide use will not solve herbicide resistance in weeds, and the relief provided by different herbicide use practices is generally short-lived at best. More diversity of tactics for weed management must be incorporated in crop systems. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:25346235

Owen, Micheal Dk; Beckie, Hugh J; Leeson, Julia Y; Norsworthy, Jason K; Steckel, Larry E

2015-03-01

107

Integrated pest management in an urban community: a successful partnership for prevention.  

PubMed Central

Pesticides, applied in large quantities in urban communities to control cockroaches, pose potential threats to health, especially to children, who have proportionately greater exposures and unique, developmentally determined vulnerabilities. Integrated pest management (IPM) relies on nonchemical tools--cleaning of food residues, removal of potential nutrients, and sealing cracks and crevices. Least toxic pesticides are used sparingly. To evaluate IPM's effectiveness, the Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center, in partnership with two community health centers in East Harlem, New York City (NY, USA), undertook a prospective intervention trial. Families (n = 131) enrolled when mothers came to the centers for prenatal care. Household cockroach infestation was measured by glue traps at baseline and 6 months afterward. The intervention group received individually tailored IPM education, repairs, least-toxic pest control application, and supplies, with biweekly pest monitoring for 2 months and monthly for 4 months. The control group, residing in East Harlem and demographically and socioeconomically similar to the intervention group, received an injury prevention intervention. The proportion of intervention households with cockroaches declined significantly after 6 months (from 80.5 to 39.0%). Control group levels were essentially unchanged (from 78.1 to 81.3%). The cost, including repairs, of individually tailored IPM was equal to or lower than traditional chemically based pest control. These findings demonstrate that individually tailored IPM can be successful and cost-effective in an urban community. PMID:14527845

Brenner, Barbara L; Markowitz, Steven; Rivera, Maribel; Romero, Harry; Weeks, Matthew; Sanchez, Elizabeth; Deych, Elena; Garg, Anjali; Godbold, James; Wolff, Mary S; Landrigan, Philip J; Berkowitz, Gertrud

2003-01-01

108

76 FR 12959 - Promoting Community Integrated Pest Management To Prevent Tick-Borne Diseases; Notice of Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Preventing...are to identify knowledge gaps and barriers...problem of tick management through Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This conference will identify knowledge gaps and...

2011-03-09

109

Role of imidacloprid in integrated pest management of California citrus.  

PubMed

Portions of three commercial citrus orchards were treated for 1 yr with foliar imidacloprid or for 2 yr with a systemic formulation in a replicated plot design to determine the impact of this neonicotinoid on the San Joaquin Valley California citrus integrated pest management (IPM) program. Foliar-applied imidacloprid had little effect on California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell); cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Maskell; or citrus red mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor), populations. Short-term suppression of the parasitoids Aphytis melinus DeBach and Comperiella bifasciata Howard; vedalia, Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant); and the predacious mite Euseius tularensis (Congdon) were observed. Suppression of natural enemies allowed scales and mites to maintain higher populations in the treated areas compared with the nontreated areas. Thus, foliar imidacloprid did not exhibit control of these citrus pest species, and it disrupted biological control. Systemically applied imidacloprid suppressed California red scale and citricola scale populations 2-3 mo after treatment. Suppression of parasitoids of the California red scale also was observed. Thus, treatments of systemic imidacloprid applied in areawide management programs for invasive pests would provide a benefit of California red scale and citricola scale suppression. However, this treatment provided only single-season control of citricola scale, it was somewhat disruptive of biological control, and it did not suppress densities of either scale as low as a treatment of the organophosphate chlorpyrifos for citricola scale or the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen for California red scale. Insecticides with longer periods of efficacy and greater IPM compatibility than imidacloprid should be used for a sustainable IPM approach in California citrus. PMID:18459411

Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Lee, J E; Robillard, S M; Gorden, J M

2008-04-01

110

Bacterial Endophytic Communities in the Grapevine Depend on Pest Management  

PubMed Central

Microbial plant endophytes are receiving ever-increasing attention as a result of compelling evidence regarding functional interaction with the host plant. Microbial communities in plants were recently reported to be influenced by numerous environmental and anthropogenic factors, including soil and pest management. In this study we used automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) fingerprinting and pyrosequencing of 16S rDNA to assess the effect of organic production and integrated pest management (IPM) on bacterial endophytic communities in two widespread grapevines cultivars (Merlot and Chardonnay). High levels of the dominant Ralstonia, Burkholderia and Pseudomonas genera were detected in all the samples We found differences in the composition of endophytic communities in grapevines cultivated using organic production and IPM. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs) assigned to the Mesorhizobium, Caulobacter and Staphylococcus genera were relatively more abundant in plants from organic vineyards, while Ralstonia, Burkholderia and Stenotrophomonas were more abundant in grapevines from IPM vineyards. Minor differences in bacterial endophytic communities were also found in the grapevines of the two cultivars. PMID:25387008

Campisano, Andrea; Antonielli, Livio; Pancher, Michael; Yousaf, Sohail; Pindo, Massimo; Pertot, Ilaria

2014-01-01

111

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 PEANUT INSECT MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 172 PEANUT INSECT MANAGEMENT J. W spotted wilt). All commercial peanuts planted in S. C. should be treated at-planting with a preventative later in the season. Burrower bugs primarily attack reduced-tillage peanut fields under drought stress

Stuart, Steven J.

112

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 PEANUT INSECT MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 182 PEANUT INSECT MANAGEMENT J. W spotted wilt). All commercial peanuts planted in S. C. should be treated at-planting with a preventative in-furrow insecticide (Thimet/Phorate 20G, or Cruser Maxx Peanut + Orthene at an estimated 20DAP

Duchowski, Andrew T.

113

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops 2013 FARM-STORED GRAIN INSECT MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops ­ 2013 290 FARM-STORED GRAIN INSECT MANAGEMENT Robert G. Bellinger, Extension Entomologist The quality of farm-stored grain is at its peak when. At harvest, for instance, make sure that your harvesting equipment is adjusted to minimize breaking

Stuart, Steven J.

114

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 COTTON INSECT MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 100 COTTON INSECT MANAGEMENT Jeremy cotton in South Carolina. Hundreds of species of insects may be found in cotton, but only a limited 1996, cotton growers in South Carolina have planted cotton varieties protected from tobacco budworm

Duchowski, Andrew T.

115

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 COTTON INSECT MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 93 COTTON INSECT MANAGEMENT Jeremy cotton in South Carolina. Hundreds of species of insects may be found in cotton, but only a limited 1996, cotton growers in South Carolina have planted cotton varieties protected from tobacco budworm

Stuart, Steven J.

116

Coupled Information Diffusion–Pest Dynamics Models Predict Delayed Benefits of Farmer Cooperation in Pest Management Programs  

PubMed Central

Worldwide, the theory and practice of agricultural extension system have been dominated for almost half a century by Rogers' “diffusion of innovation theory”. In particular, the success of integrated pest management (IPM) extension programs depends on the effectiveness of IPM information diffusion from trained farmers to other farmers, an important assumption which underpins funding from development organizations. Here we developed an innovative approach through an agent-based model (ABM) combining social (diffusion theory) and biological (pest population dynamics) models to study the role of cooperation among small-scale farmers to share IPM information for controlling an invasive pest. The model was implemented with field data, including learning processes and control efficiency, from large scale surveys in the Ecuadorian Andes. Our results predict that although cooperation had short-term costs for individual farmers, it paid in the long run as it decreased pest infestation at the community scale. However, the slow learning process placed restrictions on the knowledge that could be generated within farmer communities over time, giving rise to natural lags in IPM diffusion and applications. We further showed that if individuals learn from others about the benefits of early prevention of new pests, then educational effort may have a sustainable long-run impact. Consistent with models of information diffusion theory, our results demonstrate how an integrated approach combining ecological and social systems would help better predict the success of IPM programs. This approach has potential beyond pest management as it could be applied to any resource management program seeking to spread innovations across populations. PMID:22022258

Rebaudo, François; Dangles, Olivier

2011-01-01

117

2012 IPM Internships Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas Pest Management Association  

E-print Network

2012 IPM Internships Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas Pest Management Association Number their internship. Remuneration: Student is employed by and Extension IPM professional or a local pest management experience. Many Colleges and Universities will provide 3-4 hours of course credit for the internship

Behmer, Spencer T.

118

Managing Insect and Mite Pests of Legumes, Grasses and Forage Crops in Texas.  

E-print Network

L I AZ43. / 8873 B-1401 N0.1401 1988 Texas Agricultural Extension Service - \\ Managing Insect and Mite Pests of Legumes, Grasses and Forage Crops in Texas Texas Agricultural Extension Service Zerle t. Carpenter, Director The Texas A...&M University System College Station, Texas TABLE OF CONTENTS INSECTICIDE APPLICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 POLICY STATEMENT FOR MAKING PEST MANAGEMENT SUGGESTIONS...

Allen, C.T.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

1988-01-01

119

Development and Evaluation of an Integrated Pest Management Toolkit for Child Care Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children and early care and education (ECE) staff are exposed to pesticides used to manage pests in ECE facilities in the United States and elsewhere. The objective of this pilot study was to encourage child care programs to reduce pesticide use and child exposures by developing and evaluating an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Toolkit for…

Alkon, Abbey; Kalmar, Evie; Leonard, Victoria; Flint, Mary Louise; Kuo, Devina; Davidson, Nita; Bradman, Asa

2012-01-01

120

Biofumigation and Enhanced Biodegradation: Opportunity and Challenge in Soilborne Pest and Disease Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of soilborne pests and diseases in cropping systems is often highly challenging—in implementation of acceptable methodologies and in dealing with secondary problems. The phase-out of methyl bromide brings this into particularly sharp focus. There is a need for diversified options and alternatives to fill different roles across the soilborne pest and disease management spectrum, but flexibility is limited, as

John N. Matthiessen; John A. Kirkegaard

2006-01-01

121

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 AQUATIC WEED CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 284 AQUATIC WEED CONTROL Jack M thereby requiring an annual stocking. Tilapia are legal for use in SC. The South Carolina Department://www.scdhec.gov/environment/water/npdes_pesticide.htm. #12;South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 285 Amount of Formulation

Stuart, Steven J.

122

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTROL IN GRAIN SORGHUM  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 137 WEED CONTROL IN GRAIN SORGHUM;South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 138 Important Ground and Surface Water, curly PF GE E F GE eveningprimrose, cutleaf PF GE E F GE geranium, Carolina FG E E GE GE henbit

Stuart, Steven J.

123

Integrated apple pest management in New York State using predatory mites and selective pesticides  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3-year demonstration study was conducted in four western New York apple orchards to evaluate current approaches of sustainable pest management in representative commercial orchards. Pests that could be tolerated were regulated by natural antagonists, including predatory mites that were introduced to supplement endemic populations, while those with lower tolerance levels were managed with a schedule of selective pesticides, e.g.,

Arthur M. Agnello; W. Harvey Reissig; Joe Kovach; Jan P. Nyrop

2003-01-01

124

Pest Management Science Pest Manag Sci 64:594609 (2008) Gerry Brooks and epoxide hydrolases: four  

E-print Network

physiology and human health, as well as asymmetric organic synthesis. 2008 Society of Chemical Industry Keywords: xenobiotic metabolism; juvenile hormone; cardiovascular diseases; asymmetric organic synthesis 1, pesticide chemistry, herbicide chemistry, asymmetric organic chemistry, insect developmental biology

Hammock, Bruce D.

2008-01-01

125

Role of soil microbial processes in integrated pest management  

SciTech Connect

Soil microorganisms play a significant role in the carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur cycles in nature and are critical to the functioning of ecosystems. Microorganisms affect plant growth directly by regulating the availability of plant nutrients in soil, or indirectly by affecting the population dynamics of plant pathogens in soil. Any adverse effect on soil microorganisms or on the microbial processes will affect the soil fertility, availability of plant nutrients and the overall biogeochemical cycling of elements in nature. Soil microorganisms are responsible for the degradation and detoxification of pesticides; they control many insect pests, nematodes, and other plant pathogenic microorganisms by parasitism, competition, production of antibiotics and other toxic substances. Also, they regulate the availability of major and minor nutrients as well as essential elements. The long-term effects of continuous and, in some instances, excessive application of pesticides on soil fertility is not fully understood. Although much information is available on the integrated pest management (IPM) system, we have very little understanding of the extent of soil microbial processes which modulate the overall effectiveness of various strategies employed in IPM. The purpose of this paper is to review briefly the key microbial processes and their relationship to the IPM system.

Francis, A.J.

1987-01-01

126

Potential of mass trapping for long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species.  

PubMed

Semiochemical-based pest management programs comprise three major approaches that are being used to provide environmentally friendly control methods of insect pests: mass trapping, "lure and kill," and mating disruption. In this article, we review the potential of mass trapping in long-term pest management as well as in the eradication of invasive species. We discuss similarities and differences between mass trapping and other two main approaches of semiochemical-based pest management programs. We highlight several study cases where mass trapping has been used either in long-term pest management [e.g., codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.); pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders); bark beetles, palm weevils, corn rootworms (Diabrotica spp.); and fruit flies] or in eradication of invasive species [e.g., gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.); and boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman). We list the critical issues that affect the efficacy of mass trapping and compare these with previously published models developed to investigate mass trapping efficacy in pest control. We conclude that mass trapping has good potential to suppress or eradicate low-density, isolated pest populations; however, its full potential in pest management has not been adequately realized and therefore encourages further research and development of this technology. PMID:17066782

El-Sayed, A M; Suckling, D M; Wearing, C H; Byers, J A

2006-10-01

127

Soil fertility management and insect pests: harmonizing soil and plant health in agroecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural methods such as crop fertilization can affect susceptibility of plants to insect pests by altering plant tissue nutrient levels. Research shows that the ability of a crop plant to resist or tolerate insect pests and diseases is tied to optimal physical, chemical and mainly biological properties of soils. Soils with high organic matter and active soil biology generally exhibit

Miguel A. Altieri; Clara I. Nicholls

2003-01-01

128

Integrated pest management in the U.S.: progress and promise.  

PubMed Central

In the U.S., where heavy use of insecticides has been commonplace for years, the development of proper integrated insect pest control cannot get underway unless there is a changed use pattern for such chemicals. A changed use pattern, however, cannot be accomplished without much study to establish the requirements for integrated control for each major crop situation. In this paper recent developments in a number of crop areas in the U.S. in which the necessary study has been begun are reviewed. Important phases in the development of integrated control programs include: the single tactics phase, the multitactic phase, phase, the biological monitoring phase, the modeling phase, the management and optimization phase, and the implementation phase. Several crops are discussed in relation to how far along we are in the development of practical programs of insect pest control. These are cotton, apples, alfalfa, soybeans, citrus, corn, cereal grains, tobacco and pine forests. Several of these programs have already made substantial headway, e.g., those for cotton, alfalfa, apples, tobacco, and soybeans, although the accomplishments have not been even or parellel with respect to the phases of development where progress has been good. The review of developments in these crops suggests that programs of control for individual crops and perhaps for complexes of associated crops will be developed according to specific needs of the crop, the geographic area and the pests, the technologies available and the socioeconomic and political factors of relevance. The tendency will be toward greater use of science in pest control decision-making, with extensive use of biological monitoring to establish realistic levels of threatened damage to the crop, and greater concern given to possible profit reductions and environmental disturbances of applying an insecticide, as well as the possible gain from doing so. PMID:789064

Huffaker, C B; Croft, B A

1976-01-01

129

Global warming presents new challenges for maize pest management  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been conjectured that global warming will increase the prevalence of insect pests in many agro-ecosystems. In this paper, we quantitatively assess four of the key pests of maize, one of the most important systems in North American grain production. Using empirically generated estimates of pest overwintering thresholds and degree-day requirements, along with climate change projections from a high-resolution

Noah S Diffenbaugh; Christian H Krupke; Michael A White; Corinne E Alexander

2008-01-01

130

Sampling Plans, Selective Insecticides and Sustainability: The Case for IPM as ‘informed pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

IPM is considered the central paradigm of insect pest management and is often characterized as a comprehensive use of multiple control tactics to reduce pest status while minimizing economic and environmental costs. As the principal precursor of IPM, the integrated control concept formulated the ec...

131

RECENT TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES FOR MANAGING INSECT PESTS OF STORED-GRAIN  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Automation of grain sampling for insect pests should help to increase the adoption of stored-grain integrated pest management programs. Currently, there are acoustic sensors and electronic grain probe traps that are available for monitoring insects in stored grain. Both the acoustic and electronic g...

132

Managing Insect Pests of Cacti and Other Succulents in Water-Efficient Landscapes  

E-print Network

Cacti and other succulents are popular landscape plants, especially where water is scarce. But a number of native and exotic pests can make it difficult to grow them. Learn how to identify and manage twelve insect pests that can damage your water...

Drees, Bastiaan M.

2008-11-06

133

Integrated pest management in multi-story public housing for the elderly in Houston, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated pest management is a viable alternative to traditional pest control methods. A paired sample design was utilized to measure the effect of IPM education on the number of cockroaches in a 200 unit, seven story public housing building for the elderly in Houston, TX. Glue traps were placed in 71 randomly selected apartments (5traps\\/unit) and left in place for

Nancy Manning Crider

2010-01-01

134

Pest Management and Environmental Quality. Course 181. Correspondence Courses in Agriculture, Family Living and Community Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the course book for a correspondence course in pest control with the Pennsylvania State University. It contains basic information for agricultural producers on pest management and the proper and safe use of pesticides. The course consists of eleven lessons which can be completed at one's leisure. The first nine lessons contain…

Cole, Herbert, Jr.; And Others

135

Determination of factors influencing integrated pest management adoption in coffee berry borer in Colombian farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated pest management is promoted in coffee plantations to control pests and disease in a manner less harmful to the environment than the use of pesticides alone. The rate of adoption of these practices is variable, possibly influenced by different social, economic, environmental and institutional factors. This was explored by fitting standard non-linear curves to uptake data for each of

B Chaves; J Riley

2001-01-01

136

Insect pest problems in tropical agroforestry systems: Contributory factors and strategies for management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agroforestry trees are attacked by a wide spectrum of insects at all stages of their growth just like other annual and perennial crops. Pest management in agroforestry has not received much attention so far, but recent emphasis on producing high value tree products in agroforestry and using improved germplasm in traditional systems, and emergence of serious pest problems in some

M. R. Rao; M. P. Singh; R. Day

2000-01-01

137

Monitoring Sterile and Wild Insects in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insect pest control programmes, which integrate the release of sterile insects, can be efficient only if the released insects have an optimal biological quality. Frequent monitoring of the quality of reared insects after being released in the field is an important but often neglected component of area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programmes that integrate the sterile insect technique (SIT). Parameters

M. J. B. VREYSEN

138

Bird cherry-oat aphid (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha, Aphidinae): Biology, pest status, and management in wheat  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The bird cherry-oat aphid (BCOA), Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), is a worldwide pest of wheat and other small grains. This paper provides an overview of BCOA life history, reviews its pest status in wheat, synthesizes and integrates information on different management strategies, and gives up-to-date inf...

139

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 CORN INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 43 CORN INSECT CONTROL Francis to prevent or avoid injury, transgenic Bt corn, at-planting insecticides (including seed treatments in each field where corn is to be planted. Major insect pests of corn in South Carolina. Insect

Duchowski, Andrew T.

140

CPEST: An expert system for the management of pests and diseases in the Jamaican coffee industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, environmental concerns have led to the emergence of the integrated management of pest and pesticides (IMPP) as a new way to deal with pests and pesticides in agriculture. Although the environmental and economic benefits of IMPP are beyond doubt, its use has been somewhat limited. One reason is the sheer amount of knowledge required of

Gunjan Mansingh; Han Reichgelt; Kweku-muata Osei-bryson

2007-01-01

141

Integrating augmentative biocontrol and inherited sterility for management of lepidopteran pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Insect pest management can benefit from the integration of biological control agents and the release of sterile insect pests (hosts). Released sterile or semi-sterile insects and their sterile progeny may augment natural enemies by serving as hosts for build-up of the natural enemies prior to the t...

142

Biology and management of insect pests in North American intensively managed hardwood forest systems.  

SciTech Connect

Annu. Rev. Entomol. 50:1-29. Abstract Increasing demand for wood and wood products is putting stress on traditional forest production areas, leading to long-term economic and environmental concerns. Intensively managed hardwood forest systems (IMHFS), grown using conventional agricultural as well as forestry methods, can help alleviate potential problems in natural forest production areas. Although IMHFS can produce more biomass per hectare per year than natural forests, the ecologically simplified, monocultural systems may greatly increase the crops susceptibility to pests. Species in the genera Populus and Salix comprise the greatest acreage in IMHFS in North America, but other species, including Liquidambar styracifua and Platanus occidentalis, are also important. We discuss life histories, realized and potential damage, and management options for the most economically infuential pests that affect these hardwood species. The substantial inherent challenges associated with pest management in the monocultural environments created by IMHFS are reviewed. Finally, we discuss ways to design IMHFS that may reduce their susceptibility to pests, increase their growth and productivity potential, and create a more sustainable environment.

Coyle, David R.; Nebeker, T., E.; Hart, E., R.; Mattson, W., J.

2005-01-01

143

Sirex woodwasp: a model for evolving management paradigms of invasive forest pests.  

PubMed

The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, and its fungal mutualist, Amylostereum areolatum, together constitute one of the most damaging invasive pests of pine. Despite a century of research and well-established management programs, control remains unpredictable and spread continues to new areas. Variable success in managing this pest has been influenced by complex invasion patterns, the multilayered nature of biological interactions, the varying local ecologies, and microevolutionary population processes in both the biocontrol organisms and in the wasps. Recent research findings are challenging the historical perspectives on methods to manage the Sirex woodwasp, calling for management programs to incorporate the variable local dynamics affecting this pest complex. In this regard, the Sirex woodwasp provides a superb model to illustrate the need for a different approach to develop efficient and sustainable management tools to deal with the growing and global nature of pest invasions in forests and plantations. PMID:25386723

Slippers, Bernard; Hurley, Brett P; Wingfield, Michael J

2015-01-01

144

Manipulation of arthropod pathogens for integrated pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A great diversity of pathogenic microorganisms and nematodes has been developed for microbial biological control of insect and other arthropod pests. These control agents have many characteristics that determine their capacities to provide reliable pest control, and these characteristics must be ta...

145

Laboratory and eld studies on the integrated pest management of Helicoverpa armigera (Hu bner) in cotton, based on pheromone  

E-print Network

Laboratory and ®eld studies on the integrated pest management of Helicoverpa armigera (Hu� bner in integrated pest management of the target pest Helicov- erpa armigera in cotton ®elds, basic studies polyhedrosis virus (NPV) of H. armigera with other insecticides were conducted in the laboratory. Results

Reddy, Gadi VP

146

Integrated pest management is the lucrative bridge connecting the ever emerging knowledge islands of genetics and ecology  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Integrated pest management has long been considered a profit- and product (or technology)-driven multidisciplinary research field that maximizes crop yield and minimizes pest-inflicted economic losses. The introduction of transgenic crops has revolutionized crop protection and pest management by com...

147

Who Wants To Be an IPM Super Sleuth? Integrated Pest Management Educational Activities & Resources for Kids of All Ages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents games and activities on integrated pest management (IPM) for home targeting grades 1-7. The activities and games use a problem-solving approach based on pest knowledge to develop an understanding of pest management. Three cases are presented: (1) "Inspection is the Key to IPM Success" includes two activities--"Word Searches"…

Walejko, Gina K.; Colon, Joseph L.

148

INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT IN STORED PRODUCTS USING REDUCED-RISK INSECTICIDES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In recent years there has been increased interest throughout most developed countries in replacing older conventional neurotoxic insecticides used in pest management programs, including those used for stored products. Registrations for older compounds are being either withdrawn completely or altere...

149

Airborne multi-spectral remote sensing with ground truth for areawide pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Scientists and researchers have been developing, integrating, and evaluating multiple strategies and technologies into a systems approach for management of field crop insect pests. Remote sensing along with Global Positioning Systems, Geographic Information Systems, and variable rate technology are...

150

Development of an airborne remote sensing system for crop pest management: System integration and verification  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Remote sensing along with Global Positioning Systems, Geographic Information Systems, and variable rate technology has been developed, which scientists can implement to help farmers maximize the economic and environmental benefits of crop pest management through precision agriculture. Airborne remo...

151

Incorporating pest management into the design of multiple goal-oriented cropping systems  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Suggestions are offered to facilitate efforts to incorporate pest management goals into the design of crop production systems. The scope of research programs should be expanded to ensure broad multidisciplinary cooperation. Inclusion of farmers, production specialists and researchers from discipli...

152

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2002 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2002 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION pesticide program included: Apollo or dormant oil plus Pyramite (as needed) for mites, Avaunt for early

Agnello, Arthur M.

153

Obstacles to integrated pest management adoption in developing countries  

PubMed Central

Despite its theoretical prominence and sound principles, integrated pest management (IPM) continues to suffer from anemic adoption rates in developing countries. To shed light on the reasons, we surveyed the opinions of a large and diverse pool of IPM professionals and practitioners from 96 countries by using structured concept mapping. The first phase of this method elicited 413 open-ended responses on perceived obstacles to IPM. Analysis of responses revealed 51 unique statements on obstacles, the most frequent of which was “insufficient training and technical support to farmers.” Cluster analyses, based on participant opinions, grouped these unique statements into six themes: research weaknesses, outreach weaknesses, IPM weaknesses, farmer weaknesses, pesticide industry interference, and weak adoption incentives. Subsequently, 163 participants rated the obstacles expressed in the 51 unique statements according to importance and remediation difficulty. Respondents from developing countries and high-income countries rated the obstacles differently. As a group, developing-country respondents rated “IPM requires collective action within a farming community” as their top obstacle to IPM adoption. Respondents from high-income countries prioritized instead the “shortage of well-qualified IPM experts and extensionists.” Differential prioritization was also evident among developing-country regions, and when obstacle statements were grouped into themes. Results highlighted the need to improve the participation of stakeholders from developing countries in the IPM adoption debate, and also to situate the debate within specific regional contexts. PMID:24567400

Parsa, Soroush; Morse, Stephen; Bonifacio, Alejandro; Chancellor, Timothy C. B.; Condori, Bruno; Crespo-Pérez, Verónica; Hobbs, Shaun L. A.; Kroschel, Jürgen; Ba, Malick N.; Rebaudo, François; Sherwood, Stephen G.; Vanek, Steven J.; Faye, Emile; Herrera, Mario A.; Dangles, Olivier

2014-01-01

154

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 WEED CONTROL IN PEANUT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 163 WEED CONTROL IN PEANUT Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Peanut Herbicide Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 164 Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Peanut

Duchowski, Andrew T.

155

Growth and yield response of pecan to three levels of pest management in Central Texas  

E-print Network

GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF PECAN TO THREE LEVELS OF PEST MANAGEMENT IN CENTRAL TEXAS A Thesis by JOHN NORMAN COOPER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject: Horticultural Science GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF PECAN TO THREE LEVELS OF PEST MANAGEMENT IN CENTRAL TEXAS A Thesis by JOHN NORMAN COOPER Approved as to style and content by: orge R c...

Cooper, John Norman

1984-01-01

156

Role of research and regulation in 50 years of pest management in agriculture. Prepared for the 50th anniversary of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.  

PubMed

Pest management techniques have evolved over the past 50 years. Inorganic chemical pesticides were replaced by synthetic organic chemicals, and now biopesticides constitute a significant part of pest management technology. Requirements for the regulatory approval of pesticides changed dramatically in 1996 with the passage of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA). The FQPA directs the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to make more rigorous and conservative evaluation of risks and hazards and mandates a special emphasis on the safety of infants and children. The EPA provides incentives for the industry to register materials that are designated "reduced risk". The future for the registrant industry will include continued reduction in numbers of registrants through mergers and acquisitions. Conventional chemicals will remain as important pest management components, and the processes of combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput bioassays will allow the rapid synthesis and testing of large numbers of candidate compounds. Biopesticides will become more important tools in pest management, with microbial pesticides and transgenic crops being likely to play important crop protection roles. There will be a continuing need for research-based approaches to pest control. PMID:12105938

Wheeler, Willis B

2002-07-17

157

MANAGING AVOCADO PESTS WITH ROMANCE, INTRIGUE AND WAR - INTEGRATING PHEROMONES, ASSASSINS AND WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Avocado growers continually wage war on pests that ravage their crops. For the last 60 years, crop protection tradition fostered by the generally excellent results achieved, has been to use weapons of mass destruction in the form of chemical pesticides to combat the enemy. Issues of chemical resistance development in target species, chemical residues in fruit and the environment,

Geoff Waite

158

An Integrated Pest Management survey of Texas school districts  

E-print Network

that the most frequently encountered indoor pests, in order of importance, were German cockroaches [Blattella gerinanica (Linnaeus)], Pharaoh [Monomotium pharaonis (L.)] or crazy ants [Paratrechina longicomis (Latreille)], followed by house crickets [Acheta...

Shodrock, Damon Leon

1994-01-01

159

PEST MANAGEMENT Douglas-fir pitch moth, Synanthedon novaroensis  

E-print Network

(Henry Edwards) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae), in a lodgepole pine, Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon variety) (Lepidop- tera: Sesiidae), is a signiÞcant pest of lodgepole pine, Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon variety

Lindgren, Staffan

160

[Comprehensive assessment on management measures of rice insect pests].  

PubMed

Based on the investigation of arthropods biodiversity and insect pests controlling effect in the paddy fields of demonstration area of organic rice production in Guangzhou, a comprehensive assessment on the economic, social, and ecological profits and costs of organic rice production in study area was conducted by using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results indicated that among all insect pests controlling measures, organic rice planting had the best comprehensive benefits, with a weight value of 0.5355. Ecological cost played a dominant role in comprehensive costs, and that of traditional pesticide-based insect pests control was most cruel, with a weight value of comprehensive costs being 0.6252. From the viewpoint of the ratio of comprehensive profits to comprehensive costs (RPC), organic rice planting was better than any other insect pests controlling modes, whose RPC was 2.4776, being accorded with the requirement of sustainable development of agriculture. PMID:19288731

Luo, Shu-ping; Huang, Shou-shan; Liang, Guang-wen; Yuan, Wei; Liu, Jia-li; Zhang, Qing-wen; Liu, Xiao-xia

2008-12-01

161

Area-Wide Pest Management: Environmental, Economic and Food Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insect pests destroy approximately 14% of all potential food production despite the yearly application of more than 3000 million\\u000a kilograms of pesticides. This contributes to rising human malnutrition which in 2004 was estimated by the World Health Organization\\u000a to have reached 3700 million - the largest number in history. Several major insect pests of crops and livestock are effectively\\u000a controlled

D. Pimentel

162

Insect and Mite Pests of Grain Sorghum -- Management Approaches.  

E-print Network

more than twice per season. Demeton. Apply once per season. Dimethoate. Do not apply more than three times per season. Disulfoton. Do not apply foliar spray or granules more than three times per crop season. Granular formulation recommended as whorl... are often applied to seed to control stored grain pests. These insecticides are not effective substitutes for the . control of soil pests. Planter Box Treatment Some insecticides are formulated as materials to be applied to seed in the planter box...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01

163

Green BulletinGreen Bulletin Information for pest management professionals and pesticide applicatorsInformation for pest management professionals and pesticide applicators  

E-print Network

professionals and pesticide applicatorsInformation for pest management professionals and pesticide applicators into the storm drain (Fig. 1). The July 2010 issue of this newsletter highlighted studies demonstrating into the underlying processes and mechanisms controlling pesticide behavior on concrete and hence the potential

Ishida, Yuko

164

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTROL IN PEANUT  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 152 WEED CONTROL IN PEANUT Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Peanut Herbicide/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Peanut (cont) Herbicide Rate/Acre Broadcast Mode of Action Preharvest

Stuart, Steven J.

165

Farmers' insect pest management practices and pesticidal plant use in the protection of stored maize and beans in Southern Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storage losses due to pests threaten livelihoods of farmers across Africa. Synthetic pesticides provide effective control when used correctly but resource-poor farmers cannot afford them. A survey of farmer ethno-ecological knowledge of pests of stored maize and bean, and their pest management practices including pesticidal plant use, was conducted in eastern Zambia and northern Malawi. Almost all respondents reported serious

John Kamanula; Gudeta W. Sileshi; Steven R. Belmain; Phosiso Sola; Brighton M. Mvumi; Greenwell K. C. Nyirenda; Stephen P. Nyirenda; Philip C. Stevenson

2010-01-01

166

Evaluation of components of an integrated pest management system in cotton in the Brazos River Valley  

E-print Network

. The introduction of DDT and related compounds after World War II caused growers to feel they had the answer, the miracle drug. These organochlorine insecticides dramatically reduced pest density. While some of the detrimental side effects of chemical... and Glower discovered boll weevil resistance to chlorinated hydrocarbons. In the 1960's, populations of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (F. ), a minor pest until then, developed resistance to organophosphate insecticides, and DDT became useless...

Gan, Michal Roni

1983-01-01

167

Role of behavioural studies in the development of management strategies for forest insect pests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under forestry conditions, management techniques aimed at maintenance of pest populations at moderate levels have greater\\u000a chance of success than conventional methods of pest control. Simple behavioural observations can sometimes be used to great\\u000a advantage in the development of such methods, some examples of which are given. Although there has been considerable excitement\\u000a over the past two decades on the

K S S Nair

1985-01-01

168

Manipulation of chemically mediated interactions in agricultural soils to enhance the control of crop pests and to improve crop yield.  

PubMed

In most agro-ecosystems the organisms that feed on plant roots have an important impact on crop yield and can impose tremendous costs to farmers. Similar to aboveground pests, they rely on a broad range of chemical cues to locate their host plant. In their turn, plants have co-evolved a large arsenal of direct and indirect defense to face these attacks. For instance, insect herbivory induces the synthesis and release of specific volatile compounds in plants. These volatiles have been shown to be highly attractive to natural enemies of the herbivores, such as parasitoids, predators, or entomopathogenic nematodes. So far few of the key compounds mediating these so-called tritrophic interactions have been identified and only few genes and biochemical pathways responsible for the production of the emitted volatiles have been elucidated and described. Roots also exude chemicals that directly impact belowground herbivores by altering their behavior or development. Many of these compounds remain unknown, but the identification of, for instance, a key compound that triggers nematode egg hatching to some plant parasitic nematodes has great potential for application in crop protection. These advances in understanding the chemical emissions and their role in ecological signaling open novel ways to manipulate plant exudates in order to enhance their natural defense properties. The potential of this approach is discussed, and we identify several gaps in our knowledge and steps that need to be taken to arrive at ecologically sound strategies for belowground pest management. PMID:22592335

Hiltpold, Ivan; Turlings, Ted C J

2012-06-01

169

Research priorities for rice pest management in tropical Asia: a simulation analysis of yield losses and management efficiencies.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT A simulation study was conducted to assess the current and prospective efficiency of rice pest management and develop research priorities for lowland production situations in tropical Asia. Simulation modeling with the RICEPEST model provided the flexibility required to address varying production situations and diverse pest profiles (bacterial leaf blight, sheath blight, brown spot, leaf blast, neck blast, sheath rot, white heads, dead hearts, brown plant-hoppers, insect defoliators, and weeds). Operational definitions for management efficacy (injury reduction) and management efficiency (yield gain) were developed. This approach enabled the modeling of scenarios pertaining to different pest management strategies within the agroecological contexts of rice production and their associated pest injuries. Rice pests could be classified into two broad research priority-setting categories with respect to simulated yield losses and management efficiencies. One group, including weeds, sheath blight, and brown spot, consists of pests for which effective pest management tools need to be developed. The second group consists of leaf blast, neck blast, bacterial leaf blight, and brown plant-hoppers, for which the efficiency of current management methods is to be maintained. Simulated yield losses in future production situations indicated that a new type of rice plant with high-harvest index and high-biomass production ("New Plant Type") was more vulnerable to pests than hybrid rice. Simulations also indicated that the impact of deployment of host resistance (e.g., through genetic engineering) was much larger when targeted against sheath blight than when targeted against stem borers. Simulated yield losses for combinations of production situations and injury profiles that dominate current lowland rice production in tropical Asia ranged from 140 to 230 g m(-2). For these combinations, the simulated efficiency of current pest management methods, expressed in terms of relative yield gains, ranged from 0.38 to 0.74. Overall, the analyses indicated that 120 to 200 x 10(6) tons of grain yield are lost yearly to pests over the 87 x 10(6) ha of lowland rice in tropical Asia. This also amounts to the potential gain that future pest management strategies could achieve, if deployed. PMID:18943898

Willocquet, Laetitia; Elazegui, Francisco A; Castilla, Nancy; Fernandez, Luzviminda; Fischer, Kenneth S; Peng, Shaobing; Teng, Paul S; Srivastava, R K; Singh, H M; Zhu, Defeng; Savary, Serge

2004-07-01

170

SCHOOLS INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) FOR RATS *Important Note*  

E-print Network

, or Alexandrine rat. The Norway rat is also known as the brown, wharf, house, gray, or sewer rat. Use Figure 1 There is one main species of pest mouse, the house mouse, Mus musculus. Other types of mice, such as field mice and voles, can invade a structure but are only occasional invaders and prefer living outdoors. Often, people

Liskiewicz, Maciej

171

Collaborating with wheat producers in demonstrating areawide integrated pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the fall of 2001, the USDA Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) initiated a five-year areawide demonstration program for suppression of two significant pests of winter wheat, the Russian wheat aphid and greenbug. A cooperative research team was assembled from five universities—the University...

172

Insect Pest Management in Food Legumes: Future Strategies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Food legumes such as chickpea, pigeonpea, cowpea, field pea, lentil, faba bean, blackgram, greengram, grasspea, and Phaseolus beans play an important role in the daily diets of people worldwide. A large number of insect pests attack these crops and cause extensive losses, namely Helicoverpa pod bo...

173

MANAGING INSECT PESTS OF POTATO Ricky E. Foster, Extension Entomologist  

E-print Network

Vegetable Insects E-96-W PURDUE EXTENSION Colorado potato beetle (l) larva and (r) adult (Photo Credit: J BEETLE The most devastating pest of potato in Indiana is the Colorado potato beetle (CPB). The adult tolerate more than 6-8% defoliation. Colorado potato beetle damage (Photo Credit: W. Cranshaw) #12

Ginzel, Matthew

174

Plant essential oils for pest and disease management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain essential plant oils, widely used as fragrances and flavors in the perfume and food industries, have long been reputed to repel insects. Recent investigations in several countries confirm that some plant essential oils not only repel insects, but have contact and fumigant insecticidal actions against specific pests, and fungicidal actions against some important plant pathogens. As part of an

Murray B. Isman

2000-01-01

175

Managing soybean pests i h dwith seed treatments  

E-print Network

Workshop #12;Outline · Introduce myself · Bean leaf beetle Speed Scouting Economic Threshold · Soybean pests ­ Negative impacts on natural enemies? #12;Bean leaf beetle life cycle · Overwinters as adults · 2 BLB· Otherwise, use a foliar when adult BLB exceed thresholds #12;Bean leaf beetle threshold

Jurenka, Russell A.

176

Coffee pest and disease management options for smallholders in Malawi  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main source of income for up to 9000 smallholders in northern Malawi is coffee, yields of which are affected by insect pests, namely white stem borer (Monochamus leuconotus) and green scale (Coccus alpinus), and diseases – coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae) and leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix). Economic liberalisation in Malawi has removed subsidies from inputs and without credit schemes

R. J. Hillocks; N. A. Phiri; D. Overfield

1999-01-01

177

Assessing the efficacy of spray-delivered 'eco-friendly' chemicals for the control and eradication of marine fouling pests.  

PubMed

Despite its frequent use in terrestrial and freshwater systems, there is a lack of published experimental research examining the effectiveness of spray-delivered chemicals for the management of non-indigenous and/or unwanted pests in marine habitats. This study tested the efficacy of spraying acetic acid, hydrated lime and sodium hypochlorite for the control of marine fouling assemblages. The chemicals are considered relatively 'eco-friendly' due to their low toxicity and reduced environmental persistence compared to synthetic biocides, and they were effective in controlling a wide range of organisms. Pilot trials highlighted acetic acid as the most effective chemical at removing fouling cover, therefore it was selected for more comprehensive full-scale trials. A single spray of 5% acetic acid with an exposure time of 1 min effectively removed up to 55% of the invertebrate species present and 65% of the cover on fouled experimental plates, while one application of 10% acetic acid over 30 min removed up to 78% of species present and 95% of cover. Single-spray treatments of 5% acetic acid reduced cover of the tunicate pest species Didemnum vexillum by up to 100% depending on the exposure duration, while repeat-spraying ensured that even short exposure times (1 min) achieved approximately 99% mortality. Both 5 and 10% acetic acid solutions appeared equally effective at removing the majority of algal species. This technique could be used for controlling the introduction of unwanted species or preventing the spread of pests, and is applicable to use on a variety of natural and artificial substrata, or for the treatment of structures that can be removed from the water. PMID:19937489

Piola, Richard F; Dunmore, Robyn A; Forrest, Barrie M

2010-01-01

178

HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Regulations and Basic Information: How to Use this Pest Management Guide 1-1  

E-print Network

with nuisance and wild animals, and discuss management options for these nuisance animals. Each chapter alsoHOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Regulations and Basic Information: How to Use this Pest Management Guide 1-1 How to Use this Pest Management Guide for Home Grounds and Animals Michael J. Weaver

Liskiewicz, Maciej

179

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 WEED CONTROL IN COTTON  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 70 WEED CONTROL IN COTTON Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Cotton Herbicide is required before cotton planting. In general, CLARITY is less effective than 2,4-D LVE on cutleaf

Duchowski, Andrew T.

180

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTROL IN COTTON  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 63 WEED CONTROL IN COTTON Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Cotton Herbicide is required before cotton planting. In general, CLARITY is less effective than 2,4-D LVE on cutleaf

Stuart, Steven J.

181

Concepts of sustainability, motivations for pest management approaches, and implications for communicating change  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Effective communication with farmers is an essential component of impacting their decision processes and encouraging changes in pest management practices, but requires a system of research and extension management that differs from that to which most biological scientists are accustomed. We present...

182

PEST MANAGEMENT AND SAMPLING Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Colorado Potato Beetle  

E-print Network

PEST MANAGEMENT AND SAMPLING Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera to the suggestion of spatially variable within-Ã?eld management of Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, and long-term maintenance of susceptibility. KEY WORDS Colorado potato beetle, global positioning systems

183

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 WEED CONTRL IN FIELD CORN  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 18 WEED CONTRL IN FIELD CORN Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Corn to planting corn. Use 16 oz/A rate on medium to fine texture soils with >2.5% organic matter. Use 8 oz/A rate

Duchowski, Andrew T.

184

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTRL IN FIELD CORN  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 17 WEED CONTRL IN FIELD CORN Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Corn to planting corn. Use 16 oz/A rate on medium to fine texture soils with >2.5% organic matter. Use 8 oz/A rate

Stuart, Steven J.

185

HOUSEHOLD AND STRUCTURAL INSECTS Comparative Study of Integrated Pest Management and Baiting for  

E-print Network

for German Cockroach Management in Public Housing CHANGLU WANG AND GARY W. BENNETT Center for Urban-wide cockroach integrated pest management (IPM) program compared with bait alone treatment in public housing. In total, 12 buildings (66 apartments) were treated and monitored for cockroach infestations over 7 mo

Wang, Changlu

186

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 WEED CONTROL IN SUNFLOWER  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 262 WEED CONTROL IN SUNFLOWER Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant/Burndown Herbicides for Weed Management in Sunflowers anytime before planting when weeds are small. Use a higher rate for larger weeds. Add a COC (1-2 gal per

Duchowski, Andrew T.

187

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 WEED CONTROL IN TOBACCO  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 257 WEED CONTROL IN TOBACCO Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant (Incorporated) Herbicides for Weed Management in Tobacco by shallow disking. Controls pigweed, ragweed and other broadleaf weeds. Use the higher rate for fields

Stuart, Steven J.

188

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 WEED CONTROL IN TOBACCO  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 270 WEED CONTROL IN TOBACCO Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Preplant (Incorporated) Herbicides for Weed Management in Tobacco by shallow disking. Controls pigweed, ragweed and other broadleaf weeds. Use the higher rate for fields

Duchowski, Andrew T.

189

ProductionProductionEmphasizing Pest Management & Irrigation This publication was funded by a grant from the United States Department  

E-print Network

...................................................................................... 8 Water Demand and Irrigation Management............................ 9 Soil Moisture Management........................................................................ 12 Irrigation Capacity to Meet Peak Water Demand........................... 13 Estimating Crop WaterB-6177 08/05 TexasTexas ProductionProductionEmphasizing Pest Management & Irrigation #12;This

Mukhtar, Saqib

190

Integrated pest management for oil palm in Papua New Guinea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global production ofpalm oil has increased very rapidly, more than doubling between1970 and 1980. Oil palm is the second most important cash crop inPapua New Guinea (PNG), and in 1995 its export value wasUS$128 million. The principal pests of oil palm in PNG are agroup of tettigonids, collectively known as Sexava, which causedamage by defoliating the oil palm tree.

R. W. CAUDWELL; I. ORRELL

1997-01-01

191

Insect pest densities across site-specific management zones of irrigated corn in northeastern Colorado.  

PubMed

The ability to manage insect pests in a site-specific manner is hindered by the costs and time required to describe pest densities and distributions. The purpose of this study was to determine whether insect pest distributions are related to site-specific management zones (SSMZs). Site-specific management zones, as described in this study, delineate fields into three zones of similar yield potential: high, medium, and low productivity. If insect densities vary across SSMZs, it is possible that management decisions could be made at the SSMZ level instead of treating the whole field. This research was conducted during summers 2001 and 2002 on cooperators' farms in northeastern Colorado. Surveys were conducted within corn, Zea mays L., fields, so that densities of three common insect pests of Colorado corn could be compared across SSMZ. The three insect pests were western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte; European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (HiAbner); and western bean cutworm, Richia albicosta (Smith). D. v. virgifera larvae and adults were most common in the high-productivity SSMZ. O. nubilalis larval abundance was similar at three fields, whereas in a fourth field the larvae were most common in the high-productivity SSMZ. In one field that contained substantial numbers of R. albicosta, egg abundance was similar across SSMZs, whereas larvae were most common in the high-productivity SSMZ. Site-specific management zones seemed to correlate well with the abundance of some insect pests and might prove useful for managing insects in a site-specific manner. PMID:17598539

Davidson, Silas A; Peairs, Frank B; Khosla, Rajiv

2007-06-01

192

United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service research in application technology for pest management.  

PubMed

A research summary is presented that emphasizes ARS achievements in application technology over the past 2-3 years. Research focused on the improvement of agricultural pesticide application is important from the standpoint of crop protection as well as environmental safety. Application technology research is being actively pursued within the ARS, with a primary focus on application system development, drift management, efficacy enhancement and remote sensing. Research on application systems has included sensor-controlled hooded sprayers, new approaches to direct chemical injection, and aerial electrostatic sprayers. For aerial application, great improvements in on-board flow controllers permit accurate field application of chemicals. Aircraft parameters such as boom position and spray release height are being altered to determine their effect on drift. Other drift management research has focused on testing of low-drift nozzles, evaluation of pulsed spray technologies and evaluation of drift control adjuvants. Research on the use of air curtain sprayers in orchards, air-assist sprayers for row crops and vegetables, and air deflectors on aircraft has documented improvements in application efficacy. Research has shown that the fate of applied chemicals is influenced by soil properties, and this has implications for herbicide efficacy and dissipation in the environment. Remote sensing systems are being used to target areas in the field where pests are present so that spray can be directed to only those areas. Soil and crop conditions influence propensity for weeds and insects to proliferate in any given field area. Research has indicated distinct field patterns favorable for weed growth and insect concentration, which can provide further assistance for targeted spraying. PMID:12846320

Smith, L A; Thomson, S J

2003-01-01

193

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 PEANUT NEMATODE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 198 PEANUT NEMATODE CONTROL W. Scott Monfort, Extension Peanut Specialist Fortunately nematodes have been a relatively minor problem on peanuts in South Carolina. Peanut root-knot (race 1) nematode is capable of causing severe losses

Duchowski, Andrew T.

194

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 PEANUT DISEASE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 187 PEANUT DISEASE CONTROL W. Scott Monfort, Extension Peanut Specialist Seedling Diseases: All peanut seed should be treated with a fungicide is transmitted to peanuts by thrips, primarily tobacco thrips. TSWV reduces yield and causes shriveled, misshapen

Duchowski, Andrew T.

195

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 PEANUT DISEASE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 177 PEANUT DISEASE CONTROL W. Scott Monfort, Extension Peanut Specialist Seedling Diseases: All peanut seed should be treated with a fungicide is transmitted to peanuts by thrips, primarily tobacco thrips. TSWV reduces yield and causes shriveled, misshapen

Stuart, Steven J.

196

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 PEANUT NEMATODE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 188 PEANUT NEMATODE CONTROL W. Scott Monfort, Extension Peanut Specialist Fortunately nematodes have been a relatively minor problem on peanuts in South Carolina. Peanut root-knot (race 1) nematode is capable of causing severe losses

Stuart, Steven J.

197

Initiation of a USDA, ARS Area-Wide Methyl Bromide Alternatives Pest Management Project  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In March, 2006 USDA, ARS decided to establish a 5-year AW Pest Management Project on alternatives to MB. The work will focus on pre-plant alternatives to MB for soil fumigation and occur in the most severely impacted agricultural production systems in South Atlantic and Pacific regions of the U.S.,...

198

Emerging issues in Integrated Pest Management implementation and adoption in the North Central USA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

There is a long tradition of integrated pest management (IPM) in the North Central region of the U.S. IPM is difficult to define, and it means different things to different people. But in general it is a philosophy based on multiple tactics to prevent a population from building up to unacceptable da...

199

Comparative effectiveness of an integrated pest management system and other control tactics for  

E-print Network

resistance, IPM, Neem oil, Tetranychidae, Tetranychus ludeni Abstract. The effect of an integrated pest management (IPM) package, host plant resistance, Chrysop- erla carnea predation and neem oil were evaluated. carnea plus neem oil), the standard (susceptible) eggplant variety (MDU1) grown by farmers and treated

Reddy, Gadi VP

200

Can Pesticide Delivery Methods Play a Role in Sustainable Pest Management?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Conventional insecticides continue to play an important role in greenhouse pest management programs. Penetrating a dense plant canopy can be difficult with a handgun, and there is some evidence that boom sprayers or broadcast applications result in a more uniform deposition than handguns. A large-...

201

Social Capital and Geography of Learning: Roles in Accelerating the Spread of Integrated Pest Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to show the relevance of spatial proximity and social capital in accelerating the spread of agricultural technologies such as integrated pest management (IPM). The research was done in response to the problem of slow diffusion of agricultural technologies. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used in investigating the…

Palis, Florencia G.; Morin, Stephen; Hossain, Mahabub

2005-01-01

202

Managing Insect and Mite Pests of Legumes, Grasses and Forage Crops in Texas.  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Webworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Grasshoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Blister Beetles..., :. .dh as varietal selection; biological control, involving conservation of existing natural enemies of pests; host-plant resistance; and selected use of insecticides. Although most of the management tools are usual- ly available, pesticides...

Neeb, Charles W.; Thomas, John G.

1982-01-01

203

Potential for Nonhost Volatiles as Repellents in Integrated Pest Management of Ambrosia Beetles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiochemical-based mass trapping of the striped ambrosia beetle, Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), has been the cornerstone of an integrated pest management (IPM) programme for ambrosia beetles on the British Columbia coast since 1981. However, there is no available tactic of protecting logs from attack that could be incorporated into the IPM programme. We tested nonhost volatiles (NHVs) from the

John H. Borden; Leslie J. Chong; Regine Gries; Harold D. Pierce

2001-01-01

204

LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY ACTIONS AFFECTING INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT FOR POST-HARVEST SYSTEMS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The 1996 Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) has resulted in policy interpretations and regulatory decisions that have severely impacted insect pest management programs for stored products in the United States. The food safety aspects of this law, especially as targeted to children and other vulnerab...

205

Low Energy Technology. A Unit of Instruction in Florida Agriculture. Crop Protection with Integrated Pest Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit of instruction on integrated pest management was designed for use by agribusiness and natural resources teachers in Florida high schools and by agricultural extension agents as they work with adults and students. It is one of a series of 11 instructional units (see note) written to help teachers and agents to educate their students and…

Florida Univ., Gainesville. Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

206

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 SOYBEAN NEMATODE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 261 SOYBEAN NEMATODE CONTROL John D. Mueller, Extension Soybean Pathologist Nematode-induced yield losses in South Carolina soybeans are caused may require rotation to a non-host crop. Please see your South Carolina Soybean Production Guide

Duchowski, Andrew T.

207

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 SOYBEAN DISEASE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2014 256 SOYBEAN DISEASE CONTROL John D years. Soybean Rust is active in South Carolina primarily after mid-August in most years. Soybean South Carolina Soybean Production Guide for information on accurate identification of diseases based

Duchowski, Andrew T.

208

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 SOYBEAN NEMATODE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 248 SOYBEAN NEMATODE CONTROL John D. Mueller, Extension Soybean Pathologist Yield losses caused by nematodes in South Carolina soybeans may require rotation to a non-host crop. Please see your South Carolina Soybean Production Guide

Stuart, Steven J.

209

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 SOYBEAN DISEASE CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 243 SOYBEAN DISEASE CONTROL John D be controlled by all fungicides. Check the label of individual fungicides or your South Carolina Soybean South Carolina soybeans should not be sprayed for disease control until after they flower. This is true

Stuart, Steven J.

210

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 CORN INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 42 CORN INSECT CONTROL Francis P. F PHI PGI COMMENTS Armyworm (fall armyworm) Bt-resistant corn AGRISURE CB AGRISURE GT 3000 AGRISURE VIPTERA 3111 AGRISURE VIPTERA 3110 HERCULEX I HERCULEX XTRA YIELDGARD CORN BORER YIELDGARD PLUS YIELDGARD

Stuart, Steven J.

211

Directional flow of aeration to manage insect pests in stored wheat  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Using low-volume ambient air to cool stored grain is a common management practice in the southern plains, but little research has been done recently to determine if the direction of airflow makes a difference regarding the cooling and insect pest populations. We conducted a study by using suction ae...

212

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 GRASS FORAGE WEED CONTROL  

E-print Network

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 116 GRASS FORAGE WEED CONTROL Mike Marshall, Extension Weed Specialist Newly Sprigged Bermudagrass Herbicide Rate/Acre Broadcast Mode: Apply OUTRIDER at 1.33 oz/A to control johnsongrass, yellow and purple nutsedge, and other weeds

Stuart, Steven J.

213

Evaluation of water quality in an agricultural watershed as affected by almond pest management practices  

E-print Network

June 2008 Keywords: Water quality Pest management practices Organophosphate Pyrethroid SWAT a b s t r a c t In the last decade, the detection of organophosphate (OP) pesticides in the San Joaquin River prac- tices (PMPs), such as the application of organophosphate (OP) pesticides and oil mixtures during

Zhang, Minghua

214

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2004 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2004 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION, Geneva Research continued for the third year on a project designed to test the effectiveness receiving a RR pesticide program included: Apollo or dormant oil plus Pyramite or Acramite (as needed

Agnello, Arthur M.

215

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2003 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

USDA RAMP PROJECT - New York 2003 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION, Geneva Research continued for the second year on a project designed to test the effectiveness receiving a RR pesticide program included: Apollo or dormant oil plus Pyramite or Acramite (as needed

Agnello, Arthur M.

216

Pest management systems affect composition but not abundance of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in apple orchards.  

PubMed

We examined the faunal composition and abundance of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in apple orchards under different pest management systems in Hungary. A total of 30 apple orchards were surveyed, including abandoned and organic orchards and orchards where integrated pest management (IPM) or broad spectrum insecticides (conventional pest management) were applied. A total of 18 phytoseiid species were found in the canopy of apple trees. Species richness was greatest in the organic orchards (mean: 3.3 species/400 leaves) and the least in the conventional orchards (1.4), with IPM (2.1) and abandoned (2.7) orchards showing intermediate values. The phytoseiid community's Rényi diversity displayed a similar pattern. However, the total phytoseiid abundance in the orchards with different pest management systems did not differ, with abundance varying between 1.8 and 2.6 phytoseiids/10 leaves. Amblyseius andersoni, Euseius finlandicus, and Typhlodromus pyri were the three most common species. The relative abundance of A. andersoni increased with the pesticide load of the orchards whereas the relative abundance of E. finlandicus decreased. The abundance of T. pyri did not change in the apple orchards under different pest management strategies; regardless of the type of applied treatment, they only displayed greater abundance in five of the orchards. The remaining 15 phytoseiid species only occurred in small numbers, mostly from the abandoned and organic orchards. We identified a negative correlation between the abundance of T. pyri and the other phytoseiids in the abandoned and organic orchards. However, we did not find any similar link between the abundance of A. andersoni and E. finlandicus. PMID:24248910

Szabó, Árpád; Pénzes, Béla; Sipos, Péter; Hegyi, Tamás; Hajdú, Zsuzsanna; Markó, Viktor

2014-04-01

217

MONITORING FOR PEST ACTIVITY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Integrated pest management programs for food processing and storage facilities depend on an effective pest-monitoring program. In turn, the foundation of a pest-monitoring program is an understanding of pest behavior and ecology. In this presentation, I will cover issues related to determining pes...

218

Manipulation of parasitoids for aphid pest management: progress and prospects.  

PubMed

This paper describes research at IACR-Rothamsted on aphid parasitoid responses to semiochemical foraging stimuli, aimed at developing novel ways of manipulating these behaviours to overcome ecological constraints to biological and integrated pest control. Female parasitoids respond both to aphid sex pheromones acting as kairomones, and to aphid-induced plant volatiles, acting as synomones. A range of economically important parasitoid species respond to aphid sex pheromones, and their potential for enhancing parasitization of aphid populations has been demonstrated in the field. Commercial production of the pheromone from the plant Nepeta cataria L has been developed and strategies for its use in arable crops are being investigated. Aphid-induced plant volatiles are released systemically throughout the plant and are aphid species specific, probably induced by elicitors in aphid saliva. Aphid-infested plants can induce uninfested neighbours to release damage-related volatiles, plant-to-plant communication occurring via the rhizosphere. The plant compound cis-jasmone has been identified as a plant signal with potential for aphid control, inducing plant defence mechanisms that both deter colonising aphids and attract parasitoids and predators. Such compounds may represent a new generation of crop protectants and their further investigation and development will be aided by the tools generated by genomic and post-genomic biology. PMID:12587868

Powell, Wilf; Pickett, John A

2003-02-01

219

Weed manipulation for insect pest management in corn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Populations of insect pests and associated predaceous arthropods were sampled by direct observation and other relative methods in simple and diversified corn habitats at two sites in north Florida during 1978 and 1979. Through various cultural manipulations, characteristic weed communities were established selectively in alternate rows within corn plots. Fall armyworm ( Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith) incidence was consistently higher in the weed-free habitats than in the corn habitats containing natural weed complexes or selected weed associations. Corn earworm ( Heliothis zea Boddie) damage was similar in all weed-free and weedy treatments, suggesting that this insect is not affected greatly by weed diversity. Only the diversification of corn with a strip of soybean significantly reduced corn earworm damage. In one site, distance between plots was reduced. Because predators moved freely between habitats, it was difficult to identify between-treatment differences in the composition of predator communities. In the other site, increased distances between plots minimized such migrations, resulting in greater population densities and diversity of common foliage insect predators in the weed-manipulated corn systems than in the weed-free plots. Trophic relationships in the weedy habitats were more complex than food webs in monocultures. Predator diversity (measured as mean number of species per area) and predator density was higher in com plots surrounded by mature, complex vegetation than at those surrounded by annual crops. This suggests that diverse adjacent areas to crops provide refuge for predators, thus acting as colonization sources.

Altieri, M. A.; Whitcomb, W. H.

1980-11-01

220

'Predator-In-First’: A novel bioControl strategy for managing thrips and other key pests in pepper crops  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pest management in the vegetable and ornamental plant industries in Florida is facing great challenges due to the recent introduction of several invasive pests. Among them, chilli thrips is causing major problems due to its polyphagous nature, lack of effective residual insecticides, and limited ava...

221

REMOTE SENSING AND SITE SPECIFIC MANAGEMENT OF COTTON PESTS IN EXPERIMENTALAND FARM FIELDS IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Insect and mite pests frequently cause major crop losses in cotton and often require expensive whole-field applications of pesticides. Site specific management of insect pests has recently been successfully practiced at the farm level using remote sensing to direct variable rate insecticide applicat...

222

Farmers’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Management of Coffee Pests and Diseases and Their Natural Enemies in Chiapas, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small farmersÕperceptions of coffee Coffea arabica L. herbivores and their natural enemies, how those perceptions relate to Þeld infestation levels, and pest management practices being implemented by members from two organic and nonorganic coffee grower organizations in the Soconusco region, southeastern Mexico, were analyzed through an interview survey, diagnostic workshops, and Þeld sampling. The terms pest, disease, and damage were

H. R. Segura; J. F. Barrera; H. Morales; A. Nazar

2004-01-01

223

Safe Cockroach Control: A Guide to Setting Up an Integrated Pest Management Program within a School System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a decision-making approach to pest control that has been used successfully on farms, city parks, offices, homes, and schools. IPM programs help individuals decide when treatments are necessary, where treatment would be most helpful, and what combinations of tactics would be most effective, safe, and inexpensive…

Cowles, Kathleen Letcher; And Others

224

Intercropping for Management of Insect Pests of Castor, Ricinus communis, in the Semi—Arid Tropics of India  

PubMed Central

Intercropping is one of the important cultural practices in pest management and is based on the principle of reducing insect pests by increasing the diversity of an ecosystem. On—farm experiments were conducted in villages of semi—arid tropical (SAT) India to identify the appropriate combination of castor (Ricinus communis L.) (Malpighiales: Euphorbiaceae) and intercropping in relation to pest incidence. The diversity created by introducing cluster bean, cowpea, black gram, or groundnut as intercrops in castor (1:2 ratio proportions) resulted in reduction of incidence of insect pests, namely semilooper (Achaea janata L.), leaf hopper (Empoasca flavescens Fabricius), and shoot and capsule borer (Conogethes punctiferalis Guenee). A buildup of natural enemies (Microplitis, coccinellids, and spiders) of the major pests of castor was also observed in these intercropping systems and resulted in the reduction of insect pests. Further, these systems were more efficient agronomically and economically, and were thus more profitable than a castor monocrop. PMID:22934569

Srinivasa Rao, M.; Venkateswarlu, B.

2012-01-01

225

Intercropping for management of insect pests of castor, Ricinus communis, in the semi-arid tropics of India.  

PubMed

Intercropping is one of the important cultural practices in pest management and is based on the principle of reducing insect pests by increasing the diversity of an ecosystem. On-farm experiments were conducted in villages of semi-arid tropical (SAT) India to identify the appropriate combination of castor (Ricinus communis L.) (Malpighiales: Euphorbiaceae) and intercropping in relation to pest incidence. The diversity created by introducing cluster bean, cowpea, black gram, or groundnut as intercrops in castor (1:2 ratio proportions) resulted in reduction of incidence of insect pests, namely semilooper (Achaea janata L.), leaf hopper (Empoasca flavescens Fabricius), and shoot and capsule borer (Conogethes punctiferalis Guenee). A buildup of natural enemies (Microplitis, coccinellids, and spiders) of the major pests of castor was also observed in these intercropping systems and resulted in the reduction of insect pests. Further, these systems were more efficient agronomically and economically, and were thus more profitable than a castor monocrop. PMID:22934569

Rao, M Srinivasa; Rama Rao, C A; Srinivas, K; Pratibha, G; Vidya Sekhar, S M; Sree Vani, G; Venkateswarlu, B

2012-01-01

226

Toxins for Transgenic Resistance to Hemipteran Pests  

PubMed Central

The sap sucking insects (Hemiptera), which include aphids, whiteflies, plant bugs and stink bugs, have emerged as major agricultural pests. The Hemiptera cause direct damage by feeding on crops, and in some cases indirect damage by transmission of plant viruses. Current management relies almost exclusively on application of classical chemical insecticides. While the development of transgenic crops expressing toxins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has provided effective plant protection against some insect pests, Bt toxins exhibit little toxicity against sap sucking insects. Indeed, the pest status of some Hemiptera on Bt-transgenic plants has increased in the absence of pesticide application. The increased pest status of numerous hemipteran species, combined with increased prevalence of resistance to chemical insecticides, provides impetus for the development of biologically based, alternative management strategies. Here, we provide an overview of approaches toward transgenic resistance to hemipteran pests. PMID:22822455

Chougule, Nanasaheb P.; Bonning, Bryony C.

2012-01-01

227

Implementation and evaluation of HortIPM: a World Wide Web based interactive integrated pest management resource  

E-print Network

database containing information on cultural, chemical and biological control of common nursery and greenhouse pests, and 3) the Scouting and Monitoring Database which allowed users to input, edit and plot data gathered from various locations and to monitor...

Files, Priscilla Josephine

2001-01-01

228

Evaluating environmental and economic consequences of alternative pest management strategies: results of modeling workshops  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The model conceptualized at the first workshop simulates the effect of corn agrecosystem decisions on crop production, economic returns, and environmental indicators. The model is composed of five interacting submodels: 1) a Production Strategies submodel which makes decisions concerning tillage, planting, fertilizer and pesticide applications, and harvest; 2) a Hydrology/Chemical Transport submodel which represents soil hydrology, erosion, and concentrations of fertilizers and pesticides in the soil, runoff, surface waters, and percolation; 3) a Vegetation submodel which simulates growth of agricultural crops (corns and soybeans) and weeds; 4) a Pests submodel which calculates pest population levels and resulting crop damage; and 5) an Environmental Effects submodel which calculates indicators of potential fish kills, human health effects, and wildlife habitat. The most persistent data gaps encountered in quantifying the model were coefficients to relate environmental consequences to alternative pest management strategies. While the model developed in the project is not yet accurate enough to be used for real-world decisions about the use of pesticides on corn, it does contain the basic structure upon which such a model could be built. More importantly at this stage of development, the project has shown that very complex systems can be modeled in short periods of time and that the process of building such models increases understanding among disciplinary specialists and between diverse institutional interests. This process can be useful to EPA as the agency cooperates with other institutions to meet its responsibilities in less costly ways. Activities at the second 2 1/2-day workshop included a review of the model, incorporation of necessary corrections, simulation of policy scenarios, and examination of techniques to address remaining institutional conflicts. Participants were divided into three groups representing environmental, production or industry, and regulatory interests. Each group developed scenarios that would be most appealing to their particular interest and the scenarios were simulated by the agroecosystem computer model. Negotiators from each of the interest groups decided whether a hypothetical herbicide should be relabeled and if certain restrictions should be imposed on its use. Other participants functioned as experts and consultants on caucus teams. A solution to the hypothetical problem was successfully negotiated. Workshop participants and project staff agreed that the model and processes developed during the project should be used in training students, extension specialists, farmers, researchers, and chemical producers in collaborative problem solving methods. More productive research can be planned, and more realistic models of complex systems can be built in this way. More importantly, greater trust of decisionmakers in computer models, better understanding by technical experts about disciplines other than their own, and improved cooperation between institutional interests can be achieved. This trust, understanding, and cooperation are critical ingredients in solving problems that are too complex to be resolved by independent disciplinary activity and unilateral decision authority.

Johnson, Richard L.; Andrews, Austin K.; Auble, Gregor T.L.; Ellison, Richard A.; Hamilton, David B.; Roelle, James E.; McNamee, Peter J.

1983-01-01

229

Pest management and other agricultural practices among farmers growing cruciferous vegetables in the Central and Western highlands of Kenya and the Western Himalayas of India  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 125 farmers was conducted in 2005 in the Central and Western highlands of Kenya and the Kullu valley in the Western Himalayas of India to investigate pest management practices and constraints among farmers growing cruciferous vegetables. Lepidopteran insects were the most important pests affecting the crops and pest management relied primarily on application of pyrethroid and\\/or organophosphate

Francisco R. Badenes-Perez; Anthony M. Shelton

2006-01-01

230

Science and Management of Pest Insects, Plant Pathogens and Goal: Colorado State University will enhance its focus and depth in undergraduate education, graduate education, research,  

E-print Network

Science and Management of Pest Insects, Plant Pathogens and Weeds Goal: Colorado State University in entomology, plant pathology, and weed science; be recognized as a primary source of pest management expertise and applied science regarding pest species (their taxonomy, genomics, population genetics, and ecology

231

INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT IN VIRGINIA COTTON, PEANUT, SOYBEAN, AND SORGHUM  

E-print Network

. Appreciation is extended to Allen Harper, Director, and Bobby Ashburn, Farm Manager of the Tidewater AREC and Virginia Tech personnel in the operation of black light traps. This includes: Charles Carter, Charles City

Liskiewicz, Maciej

232

Integrated pest management in practice — pathways towards successful application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examples from perennial and annual crops in temperate and tropical conditions are used to illustrate the research and development approaches that have contributed to use and integration of host plant resistance and biological, cultural and chemical controls. The evidence shows how successes in IPM have depended upon classical experimental approaches continually responding to changing constraints and to novel discoveries, which

H. F van Emden

2000-01-01

233

An economic analysis of the integrated pest management program for Texas pecans  

E-print Network

Christian University M. A. , Texas ARM University Chair of Advisory Committee; Paul B. Thompson Pecans are an important cash crop in Texas. As such there are many pressures on producers to produce in a pesticide intensive environment. At the same time...AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM POR TEXAS PECANS A Thesis by SCOTT RAYMOND STEELE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM university in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Steele, Scott Raymond

1993-01-01

234

The role of databases in areawide pest management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A database is a comprehensive collection of related data organized for convenient access, generally in a computer. The evolution of computer software and the need to distinguish the specialized computer systems for storing and manipulating data, stimulated development of database management systems...

235

Chemical Waste Management and Disposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes simple, efficient techniques for treating hazardous chemicals so that nontoxic and nonhazardous residues are formed. Discusses general rules for management of waste chemicals from school laboratories and general techniques for the disposal of waste or surplus chemicals. Lists specific disposal reactions. (CW)

Armour, Margaret-Ann

1988-01-01

236

Bridging Disciplines, Knowledge Systems and Cultures in Pest Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The success of research in integrated environmental and natural resource management relies on the participation and involvement of different disciplines and stakeholders. This can be difficult to achieve in practice because many initiatives fail to address the underlying social processes required for successful engagement and social learning. We used an action research approach to support a research-based group with a range of disciplinary and stakeholder expertise to critically reflect on their engagement practice and identify lessons around how to collaborate more effectively. This approach is provided here as a guide that can be used to support reflective research practice for engagement in other integration-based initiatives. This paper is set in the context of an integrated wildlife management research case study in New Zealand. We illustrate how multi-, inter- and trans-disciplinary approaches can provide a framework for considering the different conversations that need to occur in an integrated research program. We then outline rubrics that list the criteria required in inter- and trans-disciplinary collaborations, along with examples of effective engagement processes that directly support integration through such efforts. Finally, we discuss the implications of these experiences for other researchers and managers seeking to improve engagement and collaboration in integrated science, management and policy initiatives. Our experiences reaffirm the need for those involved in integrative initiatives to attend to the processes of engagement in both formal and informal settings, to provide opportunities for critical reflective practice, and to look for measures of success that acknowledge the importance of effective social process.

Allen, Will; Ogilvie, Shaun; Blackie, Helen; Smith, Des; Sam, Shona; Doherty, James; McKenzie, Don; Ataria, James; Shapiro, Lee; MacKay, Jamie; Murphy, Elaine; Jacobson, Chris; Eason, Charles

2014-02-01

237

Bridging disciplines, knowledge systems and cultures in pest management.  

PubMed

The success of research in integrated environmental and natural resource management relies on the participation and involvement of different disciplines and stakeholders. This can be difficult to achieve in practice because many initiatives fail to address the underlying social processes required for successful engagement and social learning. We used an action research approach to support a research-based group with a range of disciplinary and stakeholder expertise to critically reflect on their engagement practice and identify lessons around how to collaborate more effectively. This approach is provided here as a guide that can be used to support reflective research practice for engagement in other integration-based initiatives. This paper is set in the context of an integrated wildlife management research case study in New Zealand. We illustrate how multi-, inter- and trans-disciplinary approaches can provide a framework for considering the different conversations that need to occur in an integrated research program. We then outline rubrics that list the criteria required in inter- and trans-disciplinary collaborations, along with examples of effective engagement processes that directly support integration through such efforts. Finally, we discuss the implications of these experiences for other researchers and managers seeking to improve engagement and collaboration in integrated science, management and policy initiatives. Our experiences reaffirm the need for those involved in integrative initiatives to attend to the processes of engagement in both formal and informal settings, to provide opportunities for critical reflective practice, and to look for measures of success that acknowledge the importance of effective social process. PMID:24122099

Allen, Will; Ogilvie, Shaun; Blackie, Helen; Smith, Des; Sam, Shona; Doherty, James; McKenzie, Don; Ataria, James; Shapiro, Lee; MacKay, Jamie; Murphy, Elaine; Jacobson, Chris; Eason, Charles

2014-02-01

238

Development of Reference Transcriptomes for the Major Field Insect Pests of Cowpea: A Toolbox for Insect Pest Management Approaches in West Africa  

PubMed Central

Cowpea is a widely cultivated and major nutritional source of protein for many people that live in West Africa. Annual yields and longevity of grain storage is greatly reduced by feeding damage caused by a complex of insect pests that include the pod sucking bugs, Anoplocnemis curvipes Fabricius (Hemiptera: Coreidae) and Clavigralla tomentosicollis Stål (Hemiptera: Coreidae); as well as phloem-feeding cowpea aphids, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Efforts to control these pests remain a challenge and there is a need to understand the structure and movement of these pest populations in order to facilitate the development of integrated pest management strategies (IPM). Molecular tools have the potential to help facilitate a better understanding of pest populations. Towards this goal, we used 454 pyrosequencing technology to generate 319,126, 176,262, 320,722 and 227,882 raw reads from A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti, respectively. The reads were de novo assembled into 11,687, 7,647, 10,652 and 7,348 transcripts for A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti, respectively. Functional annotation of the resulting transcripts identified genes putatively involved in insecticide resistance, pathogen defense and immunity. Additionally, sequences that matched the primary aphid endosymbiont, Buchnera aphidicola, were identified among A. craccivora transcripts. Furthermore, 742, 97, 607 and 180 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were respectively predicted among A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti transcripts, and will likely be valuable tools for future molecular genetic marker development. These results demonstrate that Roche 454-based transcriptome sequencing could be useful for the development of genomic resources for cowpea pest insects in West Africa. PMID:24278221

Agunbiade, Tolulope A.; Sun, Weilin; Coates, Brad S.; Djouaka, Rousseau; Tamò, Manuele; Ba, Malick N.; Binso-Dabire, Clementine; Baoua, Ibrahim; Olds, Brett P.; Pittendrigh, Barry R.

2013-01-01

239

Development of reference transcriptomes for the major field insect pests of cowpea: a toolbox for insect pest management approaches in west Africa.  

PubMed

Cowpea is a widely cultivated and major nutritional source of protein for many people that live in West Africa. Annual yields and longevity of grain storage is greatly reduced by feeding damage caused by a complex of insect pests that include the pod sucking bugs, Anoplocnemis curvipes Fabricius (Hemiptera: Coreidae) and Clavigralla tomentosicollis Stål (Hemiptera: Coreidae); as well as phloem-feeding cowpea aphids, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Efforts to control these pests remain a challenge and there is a need to understand the structure and movement of these pest populations in order to facilitate the development of integrated pest management strategies (IPM). Molecular tools have the potential to help facilitate a better understanding of pest populations. Towards this goal, we used 454 pyrosequencing technology to generate 319,126, 176,262, 320,722 and 227,882 raw reads from A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti, respectively. The reads were de novo assembled into 11,687, 7,647, 10,652 and 7,348 transcripts for A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti, respectively. Functional annotation of the resulting transcripts identified genes putatively involved in insecticide resistance, pathogen defense and immunity. Additionally, sequences that matched the primary aphid endosymbiont, Buchnera aphidicola, were identified among A. craccivora transcripts. Furthermore, 742, 97, 607 and 180 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were respectively predicted among A. curvipes, A. craccivora, C. tomentosicollis and M. sjostedti transcripts, and will likely be valuable tools for future molecular genetic marker development. These results demonstrate that Roche 454-based transcriptome sequencing could be useful for the development of genomic resources for cowpea pest insects in West Africa. PMID:24278221

Agunbiade, Tolulope A; Sun, Weilin; Coates, Brad S; Djouaka, Rousseau; Tamò, Manuele; Ba, Malick N; Binso-Dabire, Clementine; Baoua, Ibrahim; Olds, Brett P; Pittendrigh, Barry R

2013-01-01

240

Pest and disease management: why we shouldn't go against the grain.  

PubMed

Given the wide range of scales and mechanisms by which pest or disease agents disperse, it is unclear whether there might exist a general relationship between scale of host heterogeneity and spatial spread that could be exploited by available management options. In this model-based study, we investigate the interaction between host distributions and the spread of pests and diseases using an array of models that encompass the dispersal and spread of a diverse range of economically important species: a major insect pest of coniferous forests in western North America, the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae); the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae, one of the most-widespread and best-studied bacterial plant pathogens; the mosquito Culex erraticus, an important vector for many human and animal pathogens, including West Nile Virus; and the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of potato late blight. Our model results reveal an interesting general phenomenon: a unimodal ('humpbacked') relationship in the magnitude of infestation (an index of dispersal or population spread) with increasing grain size (i.e., the finest scale of patchiness) in the host distribution. Pest and disease management strategies targeting different aspects of host pattern (e.g., abundance, aggregation, isolation, quality) modified the shape of this relationship, but not the general unimodal form. This is a previously unreported effect that provides insight into the spatial scale at which management interventions are most likely to be successful, which, notably, do not always match the scale corresponding to maximum infestation. Our findings could provide a new basis for explaining historical outbreak events, and have implications for biosecurity and public health preparedness. PMID:24098739

Skelsey, Peter; With, Kimberly A; Garrett, Karen A

2013-01-01

241

Introduction to 2009 Symposium on Alternative Methods of Controlling Pests and Diseases  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Numerous pests and diseases limit potato productivity, and control of weeds, insects and pathogens remains a costly part of potato production. Although conventional agrichemical pest control is amazingly effective, interest in non-synthetic chemical and integrated methods of pest management is drive...

242

Pests in and Around the Home  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Knowledgebase of urban, structure, lawn and landscape pests. Includes sections on pest management theory; biting and stinging insects; pests of food, fabric and wood; occasional invaders; lawn pests; landscape pests, and some vertebrate pests. Includes pest identification keys. This is an excellent resource, although much of the material is specific to Florida. Vertebrate pest management sections are also of high quality and interesting. Requires a CD-ROM drive and a web browser. $25.

0000-00-00

243

Integrated Pest Management for the Potato Tuber Moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) - a Potato Pest of Global Importance  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The potato tuber moth, which originated in tropical mountainous regions of South America, is the most economically important pest of potato in developing tropical and subtropical countries. Today, it is distributed worldwide and is established in more than 90 countries including countries in tempera...

244

Managing Insect Pests ofTexas Insect pests are often a major limiting factor in Texas sunflower  

E-print Network

sunflower yield and know when those pests are most likely to occur during the growth of the plant are laid on the plant within 4 to 7 days after buds begin to open (late R4 growth stage, see Fig. 6). Eggs. The small, black seeds of oilseed sunflower contain 38 to 50 percent oil. They are processed into sunflower

Mukhtar, Saqib

245

Social and ecological facets of pest management in Honduran subsistence agriculture: implications for IPM extension and natural resource management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In subsistence farming systems of the developing world, adoption of resource-conserving practices such as integrated pest\\u000a management (IPM) is often strikingly low. This has partially been ascribed to researchers’ limited understanding of how technologies\\u000a develop at the interface of the systems’ social and ecological components. In Honduras (Central America), there exists concern\\u000a about limited adoption and diffusion of IPM technologies

Kris A. G. Wyckhuys; Robert J. O’Neil

2010-01-01

246

Conventional and New Biological and Habitat Interventions for Integrated Pest Management Systems: Review and Case Studies using Eldana saccharina Walker(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) systems have concentrated on controlling pests through informed use of cultural\\u000a and biological control and host plant resistance characteristics to minimise pesticide interventions. The basic foundation\\u000a of successful IPM systems is a thorough knowledge of the target pest’s life cycle, and its ecological and behavioral interactions\\u000a with the environment and natural controlling factors in both

D. E. Conlong; R. S. Rutherford

247

Wildlife as valuable natural resources vs. intolerable pests: A suburban wildlife management model  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Management of wildlife in suburban environments involves a complex set of interactions between both human and wildlife populations. Managers need additional tools, such as models, that can help them assess the status of wildlife populations, devise and apply management programs, and convey this information to other professionals and the public. We present a model that conceptualizes how some wildlife populations can fluctuate between extremely low (rare, threatened, or endangered status) and extremely high (overabundant) numbers over time. Changes in wildlife abundance can induce changes in human perceptions, which continually redefine species as a valuable resource to be protected versus a pest to be controlled. Management programs thatincorporate a number of approaches and promote more stable populations of wildlife avoid the problems of the resource versus pest transformation, are less costly to society, and encourage more positive and less negative interactions between humans and wildlife. We presenta case example of the beaver Castor canadensis in Massachusetts to illustrate how this model functions and can be applied. ?? 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.

DeStefano, S.; Deblinger, R.D.

2005-01-01

248

A Three-Year Field Validation Study to Improve the Integrated Pest Management of Hot Pepper  

PubMed Central

To improve the integrated pest management (IPM) of hot pepper, field study was conducted in Hwasung from 2010 to 2012 and an IPM system was developed to help growers decide when to apply pesticides to control anthracnose, tobacco budworm, Phytophthora blight, bacterial wilt, and bacterial leaf spot. The three field treatments consisted of IPM sprays following the forecast model advisory, a periodic spray at 7-to-10-day intervals, and no spray (control). The number of annual pesticide applications for the IPM treatment ranged from six to eight, whereas the plots subjected to the periodic treatment received pesticide 11 or 12 times annually for three years. Compared to the former strategy, our improved IPM strategy features more intense pest management, with frequent spraying for anthracnose and mixed spraying for tobacco budworm or Phytophthora blight. The incidences for no pesticide control in 2010, 2011, and 2012 were 91, 97.6, and 41.4%, respectively. Conversely, the incidences for the IPM treatment for those years were 7.6, 62.6, and 2%, and the yields from IPM-treated plots were 48.6 kg, 12.1 kg, and 48.8 kg. The incidence and yield in the IPM-treated plots were almost the same as those of the periodic treatment except in 2011, in which no unnecessary sprays were given, meaning that the IPM control was quite successful. From reviewing eight years of field work, sophisticated forecasts that optimize pesticide spray timing reveal that reliance on pesticides can be reduced without compromising yield. Eco-friendly strategies can be implemented in the pest management of hot pepper. PMID:25288956

Kim, Ji-Hoon; Yun, Sung-Chul

2013-01-01

249

Tea: Biological control of insect and mite pests in China  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Tea is one of the most economically important crops in China. To secure its production and quality conservation biological control within the context of integrated pest management (IPM) has been widely popularized for better control of arthropod pests on tea with less chemical insecticide usage and ...

250

Role of two insect growth regulators in integrated pest management of citrus scales.  

PubMed

Portions of two commercial citrus orchards were treated for two consecutive years with buprofezin or three consecutive years with pyriproxyfen in a replicated plot design to determine the long-term impact of these insect growth regulators (IGRs) on the San Joaquin Valley California integrated pest management program. Pyriproxyfen reduced the target pest, California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii Maskell, to nondetectable levels on leaf samples approximately 4 mo after treatment. Pyriproxyfen treatments reduced the California red scale parasitoid Aphytis melinus DeBach to a greater extent than the parasitoid Comperiella bifasciata Howard collected on sticky cards. Treatments of lemons Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. infested with scale parasitized by A. melinus showed only 33% direct mortality of the parasitoid, suggesting the population reduction observed on sticky cards was due to low host density. Three years of pyriproxyfen treatments did not maintain citricola scale, Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Kuwana), below the treatment threshold and cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi Maskell, was slowly but incompletely controlled. Buprofezin reduced California red scale to very low but detectable levels approximately 5 mo after treatment. Buprofezin treatments resulted in similar levels of reduction of the two parasitoids A. melinus and C. bifasciata collected on sticky cards. Treatments of lemons infested with scale parasitized by A. melinus showed only 7% mortality of the parasitoids, suggesting the population reduction observed on sticky cards was due to low host density. Citricola scale was not present in this orchard, and cottony cushion scale was slowly and incompletely controlled by buprofezin. These field plots demonstrated that IGRs can act as organophosphate insecticide replacements for California red scale control; however, their narrower spectrum of activity and disruption of coccinellid beetles can allow other scale species to attain primary pest status. PMID:16813306

Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Lee, J E; Stewart, J R; Olsen, K D

2006-06-01

251

7 CFR 205.206 - Crop pest, weed, and disease management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...through mechanical or physical methods including but not limited to: (1) Augmentation or introduction of predators or parasites of the pest species; (2) Development of habitat for natural enemies of pests; (3) Nonsynthetic controls such...

2013-01-01

252

7 CFR 205.206 - Crop pest, weed, and disease management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...through mechanical or physical methods including but not limited to: (1) Augmentation or introduction of predators or parasites of the pest species; (2) Development of habitat for natural enemies of pests; (3) Nonsynthetic controls such...

2014-01-01

253

7 CFR 205.206 - Crop pest, weed, and disease management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...through mechanical or physical methods including but not limited to: (1) Augmentation or introduction of predators or parasites of the pest species; (2) Development of habitat for natural enemies of pests; (3) Nonsynthetic controls such...

2012-01-01

254

7 CFR 205.206 - Crop pest, weed, and disease management practice standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...through mechanical or physical methods including but not limited to: (1) Augmentation or introduction of predators or parasites of the pest species; (2) Development of habitat for natural enemies of pests; (3) Nonsynthetic controls such...

2011-01-01

255

1978 Insect Pest Management Guide: Field and Forage Crops. Circular 899.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This circular lists suggested uses of insecticides for the control of field crop pests. Suggestions are given for selection, dosage and application of insecticides to control pests in field corn, alfalfa and clover, small grains, soybeans and grain sorghum. (CS)

Illinois Univ., Urbana. Cooperative Extension Service.

256

Management Of Toxic Chemical Spills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread use of toxic substances in industrial processes has inevitably led to accidental releases of dangerous chemicals into the environment. Incidents such as the recent chlorine leak in Michigan have resulted in injury, property damage, and, in certain cases, large scale temporary evacuation of impacted areas. A need has developed therefore, to design management programs to control such episodes.

Kevin G. Croke; Roger K. Raufer

1978-01-01

257

Use of pesticides and attitude to pest management strategies among rice and rice-fish farmers intheMekong Delta, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses the use of pesticides and attitude to pest management strategies among rice and rice-fish farmers in Cn Th and Tin Giang provinces of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, in 2007. A comparison is made to a similar study in 1999, in order to identify changes in patterns of pesticide use and possible influences of integrated pest management (IPM)

H. Berg; N. T. Tam

2012-01-01

258

Publication 3441 Online with photos at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.citrus.html UC Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program  

E-print Network

Publication 3441 · Online with photos at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.citrus.html · UC Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program Citrus April 2014 PEST MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR AGRICULTURE Contents (Dates in parenthesis indicate when each topic was updated) Citrus Year-Round IPM Program

Ishida, Yuko

259

Provisioning floral resources to attract aphidophagous hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) useful for pest management in central Spain.  

PubMed

Noncrop plant communities present on the boundaries or within crop fields are essential for the maintenance of functional biodiversity, affecting beneficial insect numbers and ecological fitness. Habitat manipulation is an increasingly studied strategy aimed at enhancing natural enemies of agricultural pests by providing feeding and shelter resources. In this study, six plant species selected from preliminary work were tested for their potential attractiveness to four common aphidophagous hoverflies species. Potential attractiveness was evaluated through observation of hoverfly feeding visits to replicated flower plots distributed in a randomized design. The combination of the selected species covered a 2-mo full-bloom period. Sphaerophoria scripta L. and Sphaerophoria rueppellii (Wiedeman) were the dominant hoverflies present throughout the sampling period, whereas Eupeodes corollae (F.) and Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer) visits were less abundant and appeared only in the early season. Potential attractiveness varied among plant species. Calendula arvensis L. and Coriandrum sativum L. were the most visited species. C. arvensis received a high number of visits throughout a long period, whereas the visits to Co. sativum were concentrated in a short blooming period. These results suggest that habitat management by using these plant species may increase the abundance of hoverflies and could improve the biological control of aphid pests typical of spring-summer crops in open Mediterranean environments. PMID:24498730

Martínez-Uña, A; Martín, J M; Fernández-Quintanilla, C; Dorado, J

2013-12-01

260

Population Genetics of Ceratitis capitata in South Africa: Implications for Dispersal and Pest Management  

PubMed Central

The invasive Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, is one of the major agricultural and economical pests globally. Understanding invasion risk and mitigation of medfly in agricultural landscapes requires knowledge of its population structure and dispersal patterns. Here, estimates of dispersal ability are provided in medfly from South Africa at three spatial scales using molecular approaches. Individuals were genotyped at 11 polymorphic microsatellite loci and a subset of individuals were also sequenced for the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene. Our results show that South African medfly populations are generally characterized by high levels of genetic diversity and limited population differentiation at all spatial scales. This suggests high levels of gene flow among sampling locations. However, natural dispersal in C. capitata has been shown to rarely exceed 10 km. Therefore, documented levels of high gene flow in the present study, even between distant populations (>1600 km), are likely the result of human-mediated dispersal or at least some form of long-distance jump dispersal. These findings may have broad applicability to other global fruit production areas and have significant implications for ongoing pest management practices, such as the sterile insect technique. PMID:23342117

Karsten, Minette; van Vuuren, Bettine Jansen; Barnaud, Adeline; Terblanche, John S.

2013-01-01

261

Population genetics of Ceratitis capitata in South Africa: implications for dispersal and pest management.  

PubMed

The invasive Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, is one of the major agricultural and economical pests globally. Understanding invasion risk and mitigation of medfly in agricultural landscapes requires knowledge of its population structure and dispersal patterns. Here, estimates of dispersal ability are provided in medfly from South Africa at three spatial scales using molecular approaches. Individuals were genotyped at 11 polymorphic microsatellite loci and a subset of individuals were also sequenced for the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene. Our results show that South African medfly populations are generally characterized by high levels of genetic diversity and limited population differentiation at all spatial scales. This suggests high levels of gene flow among sampling locations. However, natural dispersal in C. capitata has been shown to rarely exceed 10 km. Therefore, documented levels of high gene flow in the present study, even between distant populations (>1600 km), are likely the result of human-mediated dispersal or at least some form of long-distance jump dispersal. These findings may have broad applicability to other global fruit production areas and have significant implications for ongoing pest management practices, such as the sterile insect technique. PMID:23342117

Karsten, Minette; van Vuuren, Bettine Jansen; Barnaud, Adeline; Terblanche, John S

2013-01-01

262

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 SOYBEAN INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

are a problem in your area (mainly the southern Coastal Plain), continue scouting until leaves shed (well into R the beans back, and then count and identify insects. Divide by three to get the number of pests per row foot threshold for foliage-feeding pests or pest combinations is 30 percent leaf-area loss before bloom and 15

Stuart, Steven J.

263

South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2014 SOYBEAN INSECT CONTROL  

E-print Network

are a problem in your area (mainly the southern Coastal Plain), continue scouting until leaves shed (well into R the beans back, and then count and identify insects. Divide by three to get the number of pests per row foot threshold for foliage-feeding pests or pest combinations is 30 percent leaf-area loss before bloom and 15

Duchowski, Andrew T.

264

Incorporating carbon storage into the optimal management of forest insect pests: a case study of the southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman) in the New Jersey Pinelands.  

PubMed

Forest insect pest disturbance is increasing in certain areas of North America as many insect species, such as the southern pine beetle, expand their range due to a warming climate. Because insect pests are beginning to occupy forests that are managed for multiple uses and have not been managed for pests before, it is becoming increasingly important to determine how forests should be managed for pests when non-timber ecosystem services are considered in addition to traditional costs and revenues. One example of a service that is increasingly considered in forest management and that may affect forest pest management is carbon sequestration. This manuscript seeks to understand whether the incorporation of forest carbon sequestration into cost-benefit analysis of different forest pest management strategies affects the financially optimal strategy. We examine this question through a case study of the southern pine beetle (SPB) in a new area of SPB expansion, the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (NJPR). We utilize a forest ecology and economics model and include field data from the NJPR as well as outbreak probability statistics from previous years. We find under the majority of scenarios, incorporating forest carbon sequestration shifts the financially optimal SPB management strategy from preventative thinning toward no management or reactionary management in forest stands in New Jersey. These results contradict the current recommended treatment strategy for SPB and signify that the inclusion of multiple ecosystem services into a cost-benefit analysis may drastically alter which pest management strategy is economically optimal. PMID:24938795

Niemiec, Rebecca M; Lutz, David A; Howarth, Richard B

2014-10-01

265

WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY FOR AN AREA-WIDE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM TO CONTROL THE ASIAN TIGER  

E-print Network

WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY FOR AN AREA-WIDE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM TO CONTROL THE ASIAN TIGER tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, implemented in Monmouth and Mercer counties, NJ. We estimated commonly as the Asian tiger mosquito, is a day-biting, black and white mosquito, native to East and South

266

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN POST-HARVEST MAIZE: A CASE STUDY FROM THE REPUBLIC OF TOGO (WEST AFRICA)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A large-scale experiment on maize storage systems was carried out in Atakpamé (Plateaux region of Togo), between autumn 1996 and spring 1997. An integrated pest management (IPM) approach, based on research findings at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and intended to control...

267

Economic evaluation of an area-wide integrated pest management program to control the Asian tiger mosquito in New Jersey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Aedes albopictus is the most invasive mosquito in the world, an important disease vector, and a biting nuisance that limits outdoor activities. Area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) is the recommended control strategy. We conducted an economic evaluation of the AW-IPM project in Mercer and ...

268

RURAL SCHOOL FOR FARMERS USING INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN VEGETABLES. SAN AGUSTÍN COMMUNITY, M EJIA, PICHINCHA 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Descriptores: facilitación, cultivo sano, producción limpia, apr endizaje. SUMMARY This investigation was carried out at Machachi, Mej ía, San Agustin community, Pichincha. 2876 masl. The purpose was to implement a Rural School. Fifteen farmers participated to evaluate the integrated pest and di sease management. The variables under study were: technological level, acceptation, interest, gender, knowledge and organization. The effectiveness of

Ernesto Erazo

269

Cost-benefit analysis of an area-wide pest management program to control Asian tiger mosquito in New Jersey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Area-wide pest management (AWPM) is recommended to control urban mosquitoes, such as Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito), which limit outdoor activities. We conducted a cost-benefit analysis for an AWPM in Mercer and Monmouth counties, New Jersey, as part of a controlled design with matched area...

270

Principles and practices of integrated pest management on cotton in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sustainable agriculture is ecologically sound, economically viable, socially just, and humane. These four goals for sustainability can be applied to all aspects of any agricultural system, from production and marketing, to processing and consumption. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) may be conside...

271

Harvesting grasshoppers Sphenarium purpurascens in Mexico for human consumption: A comparison with insecticidal control for managing pest outbreaks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predominant crops (corn, bean and alfalfa) in the Puebla–Tlaxcala Valley are routinely attacked by the grasshopper Sphenarium purpurascens (Orthoptera: Pyrgomophidae). The traditional method for managing this pest in México has been the application of organophosphorus insecticides such as malathion. Inhabitants from Central Mexico also capture the grasshoppers for sale as food. In this study, we compared the capture of grasshoppers

René Cerritos; Zenón Cano-Santana

2008-01-01

272

Applying GIS and population genetics for managing livestock insect pests: case studies of tsetse and screwworm flies.  

PubMed

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have supported a Co-ordinated Research Project (CRP) on 'Applying GIS and population genetics for managing livestock insect pests'. This six-year CRP (2008-2013) focused on research aimed at under-pinning the Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management (AW-IPM) of populations of tsetse and screwworm flies, and this introductory paper to the Special Issue integrates the findings of the CRP participants and discusses them in a broader context. The tools and techniques for mapping and modelling the distributions of genetically-characterised populations of tsetse and screwworm flies are increasingly used by researchers and managers for more effective decision-making in AW-IPM programmes, as illustrated by the reports in this Special Issue. Currently, the insect pests are often characterized only by neutral genetic markers suitable for recognizing spatially isolated populations that are sometimes associated with specific environments. Two challenges for those involved in AW-IPM are the standardization of best practice to permit the efficient application of GIS and genetic tools by regional teams, and the need to develop further the mapping and modelling of parasite and pest phenotypes that are epidemiologically important. PMID:24713196

Feldmann, U; Ready, P D

2014-10-01

273

Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella (L.), remains a major pest of brassica crops worldwide. DBM has been estimated globally to cost US$ 1 billion in direct losses and control costs. Chemical control of this pest remains difficult due to the rapid development of resistance to insecticides and to their effect on natural enemies. These problems are especially severe in

D. Grzywacz; A. Rossbach; A. Rauf; D. A. Russell; R. Srinivasan; A. M. Shelton

2010-01-01

274

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) transgenic crop: an environment friendly insect-pest management strategy.  

PubMed

Introduction of DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) and following move towards indiscriminate use of synthetic chemical insecticides led to the contamination of water and food sources, poisoning of non-target beneficial insects and development of insect-pests resistant to the chemical insecticides. Increased public concems about the adverse environmental effects of indiscriminate use of chemical insecticides prompted search of altemative methods for insect-pest control. One of the promising alternatives has been the use of biological control agents. There is well-documented history of safe application of Bt (B. thuringiensis, a gram positive soil bacterium) as effective biopesticides and a number of reports of expression of delta-endotoxin gene(s) in crop plants are available. Only a few insecticidal sprays are required on Bt transgenic crops, which not only save cost and time, but also reduce health risks. Insects exhibit remarkable ability to develop resistance to different insecticidal compounds, which raises concern about the unsystematic use of Bt transgenic technology also. Though resistance to Bt products among insect species under field conditions has been rare, laboratory studies show that insects are capable of developing high levels of resistance to one ormore Cry proteins. Now it is generally agreed that 'high-dose/refuge strategy' is the most promising and practical approach to prolong the effectiveness of Bt toxins. Although manybiosafety concerns, ethical and moral issues exist, area under Bt transgenic crops is rapidly increasing and they are cultivated on more than 32 million hectares world over Even after reservation of European Union (EU) for acceptance of geneticaly modified (GM) crops, 6 out of 25 countries have already adopted Bt crops and many otherindustrial countries will adopt Bt transgenic crops in near future. While the modem biotechnology has been recognized to have a great potential for the promotion of human well-being, adoption of biosafety protocol is necessary to protect human health and environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of genetic engineering. The debate between proponents and opponents of GM technology has created major obstacles in hamessing benefits of the technology It has now become clear that transgenics willbe accepted by the public only when doubts related with general risks and environmental safety are adequately dispelled. Thus, there is need to organize public awareness and present the benefits of Bt transgenic crops to improve social attitude for their rational deployment. In this review, an attempt has been made to discuss social and environmental safety issues of Bt transgenic crops. PMID:19295059

Kumar, Suresh; Chandra, Amaresh; Pandey, K C

2008-09-01

275

Guidelines for the use of mathematics in operational area-wide integrated pest management programs using the sterile insect technique with a special focus on Tephritid Fruit Flies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pest control managers can benefit from using mathematical approaches, particularly models, when implementing area-wide pest control programs that include sterile insect technique (SIT), especially when these are used to calculate required rates of sterile releases to result in suppression or eradica...

276

PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND GENETIC STRUCTURE OF THE INVASIVE WHEAT STEM SAWFLY, CEPHUS CINCTUS NORTON, (HYMENOPTERA: CEPHIDAE) IN NORTH AMERICA: NEW INSIGHTS INTO THE BIOLOGICAL CONTROL MANAGEMENT OF THIS PEST  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae) was originally recovered from wild grasses but has become a chronic pest of wheat in the northern region of the North American Great Plains. Effective and economical pest management practices remain elusive, therefore biological co...

277

48 July 2011 Pest Management Professional mypmp.net BedbugsCobySchal,WarrenBooth,AlvaroRomero,VirnaSaenz,RickSantangelo&EdVargoContributors  

E-print Network

48 July 2011 Pest Management Professional mypmp.net BedbugsCobySchal,WarrenBooth,AlvaroRomero,VirnaSaenz,RickSantangelo&EdVargoContributors T he common bedbug, Cimex lectularius, is now widely recognized as a pest of public health importance-range studies that seek to understand the basic biology of bedbugs and identify critical vulnerabilities

278

Exploring soybean integrated pest management in a changing agricultural environment: the impacts of decreasing ecosystem services, invasive species and specialty cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a recently invasive pest to North America. Integrated pest management strategies exist for minimizing the impact of the soybean aphid on yield. These strategies were developed from field-based research conducted under the environmental conditions of the time and using commodity soybean plants. The increased use of broad spectrum insecticides and the

Michael Thomas Mccarville

2011-01-01

279

1978 Insect Pest Management Guide: Commercial Vegetable Crops and Greenhouse Vegetables. Circular 897.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This circular lists suggested uses of insecticides for the control of pests by commercial vegetable farmers. Suggestions are given for selection, dosage and application of insecticides to control pests of cabbage and related crops, beans, cucumbers and other vine crops, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, corn, and onions. (CS)

Illinois Univ., Urbana. Cooperative Extension Service.

280

Alien Invasive Insect and Mite Pests and Weeds in India and Their Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past ten years at least six species of insect and mite pests have invaded India affecting agricultural production. Some of the recent invasive pests in India are psyllid, Heteropsylla cubana Crawford on Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Witt; American serpentine leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) on a number of vegetables and orna- mental plants; coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei

C. A. VIRAKTAMATH

281

Environmentally mediated coffee pest densities in relation to agroforestry management, using hierarchical partitioning analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding pest density patterns in the field is important to account for distinct environmental variables potentially influencing populations across different habitat types. Here, we assessed the relative importance of single environmental abiotic and biotic variables on densities of three major coffee pests, i.e., spider mites, leaf miners and berry borers, in simple, complex and abandoned agroforests of coastal Ecuador, using

Adenir Teodoro; Alexandra-Maria Klein; Teja Tscharntke

2008-01-01

282

As any experienced grower knows only too well, nursery management is a con-tinuous process of solving problems. One recurring problem is pests. In the past,  

E-print Network

predators. · Ongoing Process Evaluation--to learn from experience by assessment and improved effectiveness of holistic pest management. The ladybugs (Hippodamia species [Coleoptera: Coccinellidae]) in this photo can

283

The Impact of Integrated Pest Management Information Dissemination Methods on Insecticide Use and Efficiency: Evidence from Rice Producers in South Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of two Integrated Pest Management information dissemination approaches on insecticide use and efficiency of Vietnamese rice farmers. Specifically, we investigate the impact of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) and \\

Roderick M. Rejesus; Florencia G. Palis; Aileen V. Lapitan; Truong Thi Ngoc Chi; Mahabub Hossain

2009-01-01

284

Pesticide residues in conventional, integrated pest management (IPM)-grown and organic foods: insights from three US data sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of pesticide residue data was performed to describe and quantify differences between organically grown and non-organic fresh fruits and vegetables. Data on residues in foods from three different market categories (conventionally grown, integrated pest management (IPM)-grown\\/no detectable residues (NDR), and organically grown) were compared using data from three test programmes: The Pesticide Data Program of the US Department

B. P. Bakery; C. M. Benbrook; E. Groth III; K. Lutz Benbrook

2002-01-01

285

Scavenging by spiders (Araneae) and its relationship to pest management of the brown recluse spider.  

PubMed

Experiments reported in Sandidge (2003; Nature 426: 30) indicated that the brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik, preferred to scavenge dead prey over live prey and that the spiders were not detrimentally affected when fed insecticide-killed crickets. Extrapolations made in subsequent media coverage disseminating the results of this research made counter-intuitive statements that pesticide treatment in houses would increase brown recluse populations in homes. This information was presented as if the scavenging behavior was specialized in the brown recluse; however, it was more likely that this behavior has not been well studied in other species. To provide a comparison, the current laboratory study examined the likelihood of non-Loxosceles spiders to scavenge dead prey. Of 100 non-Loxosceles spiders that were tested (from 11 families, 24 genera, and at least 29 species from a variety of spider hunting guilds), 99 scavenged dead crickets when offered in petri dishes. Some of the spiders were webspinners in which real-world scavenging of dead prey is virtually impossible, yet they scavenge when given the opportunity. Therefore, scavenging is a flexible opportunistic predatory behavior that is spread across a variety of taxa and is not a unique behavior in brown recluses. These findings are discussed in relation to pest management practices. PMID:21735920

Vetter, Richard S

2011-06-01

286

Potential for microbial biological control of coleopteran and hemipteran pests of potato  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Numerous insects in the orders Coleoptera and Hemiptera are major pests of potato, Solanum tuberosum, worldwide. Although these pests are currently managed almost exclusively with chemical insecticides, there is continuing demand for alternative controls that pose lower environmental and health ris...

287

1978 Insect Pest Management Guide: Home, Yard, and Garden. Circular 900.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication lists certain insecticides to control insect pests of food, fabrics, structures, man and animals, lawns, shrubs, trees, flowers and vegetables. Suggestions are given for selection, dosage and application of insecticides to combat infestation. (CS)

Illinois Univ., Urbana. Cooperative Extension Service.

288

Pesticide residues in apples grown under a conventional and integrated pest management system.  

PubMed

This paper describes method validation for determination of more than 40 pesticides in apples using a GC technique. Target compounds belonged to the organochlorine, organophosphorus, carbamates, pyrethroids, triazoles, dicarboximides and strobilurins groups, among others. Sample preparation consisted of acetone extraction and subsequent cleanup/concentration by SPE with a polymer-based sorbent. Single quadrupole GC-MS operating in SIM mode and electron impact ionization was used for identification and quantification of the pesticides. Average recoveries for analytes ranged between 70 and 110% at three fortification levels - 0.01, 0.1 and 0.2 mg kg(-1). Relative standard deviations were lower than 20% for all tested compounds. Calculated limits of detection and limits of quantification were below 0.01 mg kg(-1), which were sufficiently low compared to the maximum residue levels (MRLs) established by European legislation. The proposed method was applied for determination of pesticide residue in four selected apple varieties after harvesting. Whole and processed fruits (peel and peeled fruits) were analyzed from different treatment systems: two conventional, one based on integrated pest management (IPM) and two variants based on organic production (controls). Higher levels of pesticide residues were found in apple fruits under conventional conditions. Fenitrothion and chlorpyrifos residues were detected frequently in apple peel at concentrations up to 0.45 and 0.77 mg kg(-1), respectively. The levels found in the whole fruits of the same samples were much lower than in peel and below the respective MRLs (0.5 mg kg(-1) for both pesticides). Measurable residues of triadimenol only, up to 0.05 mg kg(-1), concentrated in the peel, were found in the apples from IPM. PMID:19680960

Mladenova, R; Shtereva, D

2009-06-01

289

Pest management in traditional maize stores in West Africa: a farmer's perspective.  

PubMed

Farmers in the Republic of Benin have few resources to invest in protection of stored maize, and prophylactic pesticide application is often recommended by extension and development agencies. Neither the efficacy nor profitability of such an application in traditional maize storage facilities has been addressed quantitatively. In this study, existing management options for stored maize were evaluated monthly over 6 mo in central and southern Benin with respect to their effects on grain injury and on densities of Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) and Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. P. truncatus infested 54% of the experimental stores in the study even though Teretrius nigrescens (Lewis), a natural enemy introduced against P. truncatus, was well established in the region. S. zeamais was the most common pest, found in 85% of the experimental storage facilities. Prophylactically treated maize was, on average, worth more than untreated maize for month 1 through 5 in southern Benin, after taking into account market price, pesticide costs, percentage grain damage and weight loss, but maize storage was not profitable overall. No difference was observed between treatments in central Benin. After 6 mo treated storage facilities were not significantly different from untreated storage facilities in terms of either percentage damage or profit in either region. A rapid scouting plan intended to provide farmers with a means for identifying storage facilities at greatest risk of severe P. truncatus infestation was field validated. Given that unsafe pesticide use is prevalent in Benin, research and extension services should clearly state the limitations to prophylactic treatment and increase the effort to educate farmers on appropriate pesticide use, store monitoring and marketing. PMID:12403438

Meikle, W G; Markham, R H; Nansen, C; Holst, N; Degbey, P; Azoma, K; Korie, S

2002-10-01

290

Apple Burrknot Borers in New York Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State  

E-print Network

Apple Burrknot Borers in New York ­ Revisited Pest status and chemical control of borers infesting apple burrknots in New York State DAVID P. KAIN, RICHARD W. STRAUB AND ARTHUR M. AGNELLO Department damage to dwarf apple trees caused by American plum borer, a survey was conducted in the major apple

Agnello, Arthur M.

291

Preprint of the article published in Crop Protection 27 (2008) 1269 1276 Effectiveness and chemical pest control of Bt-cotton  

E-print Network

and chemical pest control of Bt-cotton in the Yangtze River Valley, China 1 2 3 14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 (namely in the Yellow River Valley and Yangtze River Valley). This acceptance of Bt-cotton could 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 . Introduction In China, genetically modified cotton (GMC) was first marketed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Improved quality management to enhance the efficacy of the sterile insect technique for lepidopteran pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Lepidoptera are among the most severe pests of food and fibre crops in the world and are mainly controlled using broad spectrum insecticides. This does not lead to sustainable control and farmers are demanding alternative control tools which are both effective and friendly to the environment. The st...

293

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT: The Xerces Society JOB TITLE: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Specialist  

E-print Network

that reduce the impact of pesticides on bees and other beneficial insects, while still supporting profitable Society is an international nonprofit organization that protects wildlife through the conservation-based model IPM systems for specific crops across the U.S. that balance effective pest control

Ferrara, Katherine W.

294

Ecological Engineering for Pest Management Advances in Habitat Manipulation for Arthropods  

E-print Network

. The stimulating chapters provide timely strategies concerning pest control in crops worldwide. There is currently population now numbers more than 6.3 billion. More than a quarter-million people who need to be fed are added and vegetables sold on the Guatemalan or Indian markets would not be saleable in the USA or Australia. Large

Irvin, Nicola A.

295

Field Evaluation of Application Variables and Plant Spacing for Bell Pepper Pest Management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pepper production in Ohio is affected by several insect and disease pests. Previous studies have documented that higher plant population densities usually result in greater pepper yields; however, there is little information on the interaction between pesticide efficacy and yield. The objective of...

296

MANAGING INSECT PESTS OF COMMERCIALLY GROWN CRUCIFERS Ricky E. Foster, Extension Entomologist  

E-print Network

suffer from water loss and reduced photosynthetic capability. Problems from flea beetles can be reduced flea beetle (Photo Credit: C. Eastman) The crucifers include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels in the seed furrow or as transplant drenches. FLEA BEETLES Flea beetles are almost always a pest of crucifers

Ginzel, Matthew

297

Impact of Kairomones on Moth Pest Management: Pear Ester and the Codling Moth  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Codling moth (CM) is the major pest of apples, pears, and walnuts worldwide. Our focus is to develop novel, species-specific monitoring and control systems based on host-plant odors, kairomones. In 1998 ‘pear ester’ (PE), ethyl (2E, 4Z)-2,4-decadienoate, was identified as a powerful kairomonal attra...

298

BIOLOGY AND INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT OF THE SUNFLOWER STEM WEEVILS IN THE GREAT PLAINS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The sunflower stem weevil is an insect pest that has caused economic damage to sunflower in the northern and southern Great Plains of the United States and into Canada. It is native to North America and well adapted to wild and cultivated sunflowers, feeding on the plant tissues of the stem and leav...

299

HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Regulations and Basic Information: What about Intergrated Pest Management 1-9  

E-print Network

supplies. Climate Weather conditions, especially temperature, day length, and humidity, affect pest activity and rate of reproduction. Rain, freez- ing temperatures, drought, or other adverse weather may or combination of tactics, · choose the most effective strategy that causes the least harm to people

Liskiewicz, Maciej

300

USDA RAMP PROJECT -New York 2005 REDUCED-RISK PEST MANAGEMENT IN APPLES USING PHEROMONE DISRUPTION  

E-print Network

of reduced-risk (RR) selective insecticides, including insect growth regulators, antibiotics, microbials: Apollo or dormant oil, plus Nexter or Zeal (as needed in summer) for mites, Actara and Esteem for early season pests (including rosy apple aphid, spotted tentiform leafminer, plum curculio, tarnished plant bug

Agnello, Arthur M.

301

German Cockroach Allergen Levels in North Carolina Schools: Comparison of Integrated Pest Management and Conventional  

E-print Network

FORUM German Cockroach Allergen Levels in North Carolina Schools: Comparison of Integrated Pest allergen mitigation in infested homes. The effects of various cockroach control strategies on cockroach populations and allergen concentration have not been examined in schools. This study was conducted to compare

302

Integrated pest management of the Pyralid stalkborers, Eoreuma loftini and Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sugarcane represents an important commodity crop in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. The primary insect pest of sugarcane is the Mexican rice borer, Eoreuma loftini followed by the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera) which cause substantial economic damage. We quantified the re...

303

PsOr1, a potential target for RNA interference-based pest management.  

PubMed

Insect pests cause billions of dollars in agricultural losses, and attempts to kill them have resulted in growing threats from insecticide resistance, dietary pesticide pollution and environmental destruction. New approaches to control refractory insect pests are therefore needed. The host-plant preferences of insect pests rely on olfaction and are mediated via a seven transmembrane-domain odorant receptor (Or) family. The present study reports the cloning and characterization of PsOr1, the first candidate member of the Or gene family from Phyllotreta striolata, a devastating beetle pest that causes damage worldwide. PsOr1 is remarkably well conserved with respect to other insect orthologues, including DmOr83b from Drosophila melanogaster. These insect orthologues form an essential non-conventional Or sub-family and may play an important and generalized role in insect olfaction. We designed double-stranded (ds) RNA directly against the PsOr1 gene and exploited RNA interference (RNAi) to control P. striolata. The chemotactic behavioural measurements showed that adult beetles were unable to sense the attractant or repellent odour stimulus after microinjection of dsRNA against PsOr1. Reverse Transcription (RT)-PCR analysis showed specific down-regulation of mRNA transcript levels for this gene. Furthermore, host-plant preference experiments confirmed that silencing PsOr1 by RNAi treatment impaired the host-plant preferences of P. striolata for cruciferous vegetables. These results demonstrate that this insect control approach of using RNAi to target PsOr1 and its orthologues might be effective in blocking host-plant-seeking behaviours in diverse insect pests. The results also support the theory that this unique receptor type plays an essential general role in insect olfaction. PMID:20854479

Zhao, Y Y; Liu, F; Yang, G; You, M S

2011-02-01

304

Software for pest-management science: computer models and databases from the United States Department of Agriculture?Agricultural Research Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an overview of USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) computer models and databases related to pest-management science, emphasizing current developments in environmental risk assessment and management simulation models. The ARS has a unique national interdisciplinary team of researchers in surface and sub-surface hydrology, soil and plant science, systems analysis and pesticide science, who have networked to develop empirical and

R Don Wauchope; Lajpat R Ahuja; Jeffrey G Arnold; Ron Bingner; Richard Lowrance; Martinus T van Genuchten; Larry D Adams

2003-01-01

305

Use of chemical communication in the management of freshwater aquatic species that are vectors of human diseases or are invasive.  

PubMed

Chemical communication occurs when both originator (signaller) and one or more receiver(s) possess specializations for chemical exchange of information. Chemical information can be used by a wide variety of species to locate food and mates, avoid predators and engage in social interactions. In this review, we focus on chemical signalling between mates or cues from nest sites or hosts by selected aquatic pest species and indicate how chemical information can be used to manage pests. The pests are vectors of disease (blood-sucking insects) or invasive species (crayfishes and fishes) that have exhibited detrimental effects on indigenous species. Pheromones released by females attract and stimulate males in some taxa (insects, crayfish, goldfish, and crucian carp), whereas pheromones released by males attract females in others (round goby, sea lamprey). Other chemicals (e.g., habitat odours or odours given off by developmental stages of conspecifics) can affect oviposition decisions of pest species. In areas of aquatic environments where other cues may be limited (e.g., visual), freshwater organisms may rely solely on chemical signals or in concert with environmental cues for reproduction. Once the chemical structure of odour attractants are identified and shown to lure conspecifics to traps, odorants or their blends can be used to control the aquatic pests. There is promise for the application of pheromone traps to control the malarian vector (Anopheles gambiae) or invasive species such as signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus), sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and the round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) by disrupting the reproductive behaviours of these species. PMID:17367788

Corkum, Lynda D; Belanger, Rachelle M

2007-01-01

306

Plant species diversity for sustainable management of crop pests and diseases in agroecosystems: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Farmers are facing serious plant protection issues and phytosanitary risks, in particular in the tropics. Such issues are\\u000a food insecurity, lower income in traditional low-input agroecosystems, adverse effects of pesticide use on human health and\\u000a on the environment in intensive systems and export restrictions due to strict regulations on quarantine pests and limits on\\u000a pesticide residues. To provide more and

Alain Ratnadass; Paula Fernandes; Jacques Avelino; Robert Habib

307

Insect pest management of winter planted cotton in coastal rice?fallows of West Bengal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to grow some Indian strains of G. hirsutum cotton in the dry winter season, with the residual soil moisture of rice?fallows in tropical coastal West Bengal, including the sundarbans (India), were initiated in 1969–70. Earias vitella (Stoll) was the ‘key’ insect pest from the presquaring to the boll maturing stage, while Heliothis armigera (Hubner) was an occasional mid?and late?season

A. K. Dutt; J. L. Saha

1990-01-01

308

Management of pest mole crickets in Florida and Puerto Rico with a nematode and parasitic wasp  

SciTech Connect

Non-indigenous invasive mole crickets, Scapteriscus vicinus Scudder (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) in Florida and S. didactylus (Latreille) (the 'changa') in Puerto Rico, are being managed with an entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema scapterisci (Nguyen and Smart) (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), and a parasitic wasp, Larra bicolor L. (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Pest mole cricket populations have declined by 95% in north central Florida since these specialist natural enemies were released and established in the 1980s. Commercial production of the nematode was initiated, nearly 70 billion were applied in 34 Florida counties, and their establishment, spread, and impact on mole crickets were monitored. The infected mole crickets dispersed the nematode rapidly, so that within 6 months these parasites were present in most of the insects trapped in experimental pastures. Three years later, mole cricket populations were reduced to acceptable levels and the bahiagrass had recovered. The nematode was released for the first time in Puerto Rico during 2001 and has persisted; the wasp was introduced in the late 1930s. The geographical distribution of the wasp is being expanded in Florida and Puerto Rico by planting plots of Spermacoce verticillata (L.), a wildflower indigenous to Puerto Rico and widely distributed in southern Florida. Pastures, sod farms, golf courses, landscapes, and vegetable farms in Florida and Puerto Rico are benefiting from biological control of invasive mole crickets. (author) [Spanish] Los grillotopos invasores no indigenas, Scapteriscus vicinus (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) en el estado de Florida y S. didactylus ('changa') en Puerto Rico, estan siendo manejados por el nematodo entomopathogeno, Steinernema scapterisci (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) y la avispa parasitica, Larra bicolor (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Las poblaciones de los grillotopo plagas han declinado un 95% en el norte central de la Florida desde que estos enemigos naturales especialistas fueron liberados y establecidos en los 80s. Consecuentemente, la produccion comercial del nematodo fue iniciada, casi 70 billones fueron aplicados en 34 condados de la Florida, y se realizo un monitoreo para evaluar su establecimiento, dispersion e impacto sobre los grillotopos. Los gillotopos infectados dispersaron los nematodos rapidamente, tanto que despues de 6 meses estos parasitos estaban presentes en la mayoria de los insectos atrapados en los pastos experimentales. Tres anos despues, las poblaciones de los grillotopos fueron reducidas a niveles aceptables y los campos de pasto 'bahia' se recuperaron. El nematodo fue liberado para la primera vez en Puerto Rico durante del 2001 y ha persistido; la avispa fue introducida al final de los 30s. La distribucion geografica de la avispa se esta extendiendo en la Florida y Puerto Rico por medio de la siembra de parcelas de Spermacoce verticillata, una flor silvestre indigena a Puerto Rico y distribuida ampliamente en el sur de la Florida. Los campos de pasto, las operaciones comerciales de cesped, los campos de golf, los paisajes y las fincas de hortalizas en la Florida y Puerto Rico se estan beneficiando del control biologico de los grillotopos invasores. (author)

Leppla, N.C.; Frank, J.H. [University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Entomology and Nematology, P.O. Box 110630, Gainesville, FL 32611-0630 (United States); Adjei, M.B. [University of Florida, Range Cattle Research and Education Center, 3401 Experiment Station, Ona, FL 33865-9706 (United States); Vicente, N.E. [University of Puerto Rico, Agricultural Experiment Station, P.O. Box 9030, Mayaguez, PR 00681-9030 (Puerto Rico)

2007-03-15

309

2009 American Chemical Society 125 Least Toxic Strategies for Managing German  

E-print Network

Cockroaches Changlu Wang1 and Gary W. Bennett Center for Urban and Industrial Pest Management, Department University, 93 Lipman Dr. New Brunswick, NJ 08901 German cockroach resistance development, chronic technologies and integrated pest management strategies (IPM) for managing German cockroaches to minimize

Wang, Changlu

310

Interacting Agricultural Pests and Their Effect on Crop Yield: Application of a Bayesian Decision Theory Approach to the Joint Management of Bromus tectorum and Cephus cinctus.  

PubMed

Worldwide, the landscape homogeneity of extensive monocultures that characterizes conventional agriculture has resulted in the development of specialized and interacting multitrophic pest complexes. While integrated pest management emphasizes the need to consider the ecological context where multiple species coexist, management recommendations are often based on single-species tactics. This approach may not provide satisfactory solutions when confronted with the complex interactions occurring between organisms at the same or different trophic levels. Replacement of the single-species management model with more sophisticated, multi-species programs requires an understanding of the direct and indirect interactions occurring between the crop and all categories of pests. We evaluated a modeling framework to make multi-pest management decisions taking into account direct and indirect interactions among species belonging to different trophic levels. We adopted a Bayesian decision theory approach in combination with path analysis to evaluate interactions between Bromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass) and Cephus cinctus (wheat stem sawfly) in wheat (Triticum aestivum) systems. We assessed their joint responses to weed management tactics, seeding rates, and cultivar tolerance to insect stem boring or competition. Our results indicated that C. cinctus oviposition behavior varied as a function of B. tectorum pressure. Crop responses were more readily explained by the joint effects of management tactics on both categories of pests and their interactions than just by the direct impact of any particular management scheme on yield. In accordance, a C. cinctus tolerant variety should be planted at a low seeding rate under high insect pressure. However as B. tectorum levels increase, the C. cinctus tolerant variety should be replaced by a competitive and drought tolerant cultivar at high seeding rates despite C. cinctus infestation. This study exemplifies the necessity of accounting for direct and indirect biological interactions occurring within agroecosystems and propagating this information from the statistical analysis stage to the management stage. PMID:25692673

Keren, Ilai N; Menalled, Fabian D; Weaver, David K; Robison-Cox, James F

2015-01-01

311

Interacting Agricultural Pests and Their Effect on Crop Yield: Application of a Bayesian Decision Theory Approach to the Joint Management of Bromus tectorum and Cephus cinctus  

PubMed Central

Worldwide, the landscape homogeneity of extensive monocultures that characterizes conventional agriculture has resulted in the development of specialized and interacting multitrophic pest complexes. While integrated pest management emphasizes the need to consider the ecological context where multiple species coexist, management recommendations are often based on single-species tactics. This approach may not provide satisfactory solutions when confronted with the complex interactions occurring between organisms at the same or different trophic levels. Replacement of the single-species management model with more sophisticated, multi-species programs requires an understanding of the direct and indirect interactions occurring between the crop and all categories of pests. We evaluated a modeling framework to make multi-pest management decisions taking into account direct and indirect interactions among species belonging to different trophic levels. We adopted a Bayesian decision theory approach in combination with path analysis to evaluate interactions between Bromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass) and Cephus cinctus (wheat stem sawfly) in wheat (Triticum aestivum) systems. We assessed their joint responses to weed management tactics, seeding rates, and cultivar tolerance to insect stem boring or competition. Our results indicated that C. cinctus oviposition behavior varied as a function of B. tectorum pressure. Crop responses were more readily explained by the joint effects of management tactics on both categories of pests and their interactions than just by the direct impact of any particular management scheme on yield. In accordance, a C. cinctus tolerant variety should be planted at a low seeding rate under high insect pressure. However as B. tectorum levels increase, the C. cinctus tolerant variety should be replaced by a competitive and drought tolerant cultivar at high seeding rates despite C. cinctus infestation. This study exemplifies the necessity of accounting for direct and indirect biological interactions occurring within agroecosystems and propagating this information from the statistical analysis stage to the management stage. PMID:25692673

Keren, Ilai N.; Menalled, Fabian D.; Weaver, David K.; Robison-Cox, James F.

2015-01-01

312

Perspectives on why digital ecologies matter: combining population genetics and ecologically informed agent-based models with GIS for managing dipteran livestock pests.  

PubMed

It is becoming clear that handling the inherent complexity found in ecological systems is an essential task for finding ways to control insect pests of tropical livestock such as tsetse flies, and old and new world screwworms. In particular, challenging multivalent management programs, such as Area Wide Integrated Pest Management (AW-IPM), face daunting problems of complexity at multiple spatial scales, ranging from landscape level processes to those of smaller scales such as the parasite loads of individual animals. Daunting temporal challenges also await resolution, such as matching management time frames to those found on ecological and even evolutionary temporal scales. How does one deal with representing processes with models that involve multiple spatial and temporal scales? Agent-based models (ABM), combined with geographic information systems (GIS), may allow for understanding, predicting and managing pest control efforts in livestock pests. This paper argues that by incorporating digital ecologies in our management efforts clearer and more informed decisions can be made. I also point out the power of these models in making better predictions in order to anticipate the range of outcomes possible or likely. PMID:24680756

Peck, Steven L

2014-10-01

313

Management of chemical toxic wastes  

SciTech Connect

Two regimes of vertical shaft furnace operation can be employed to slag encapsulate hazardous chemical wastes. One of these is similar to a method applicable to radioactive wastes, involving the pouring of hot molten slag from a coal reactor over the hazardous matter contained in a suitable designed crucible. The other method is especially appropriate for the treatment of chemical wastes that have become mixed with a great deal of soil or other diluent as must be handled as in the case of the love canal incident. It consists of feeding the contaminated solid mass into the coal reactor with a predetermined amount of coal and limestone that will still admit an adequate heat balance to generate a carefully tailored slag to incorporate the reacted waste feedstock.

Gold, L.

1982-05-25

314

Chemical communication in the honey bee scarab pest Oplostomus haroldi: role of (Z)-9-pentacosene.  

PubMed

Oplostomus haroldi Witte belongs to a unique genus of afro-tropical scarabs that have associations with honey bee colonies, from which they derive vital nutrients. Although the attributes of the honey bee nest impose barriers to communication among nest invaders, this beetle still is able to detect conspecific mates for reproduction. Here, we show, through behavioral studies, that cuticular lipids serve as mate discrimination cues in this beetle. We observed five steps during mating: arrestment, alignment, mounting, and copulation, and a post-copulatory stage, lasting ~40-70 % of the total mating duration, that suggested mate guarding. Chemical analysis identified the same nine straight-chain alkanes (C(23)-C(31)), six methyl-branched alkanes (6), and five mono-unsaturated alkenes in the cuticular lipids of both sexes. Methyl alkanes constituted the major component (46 %) of male cuticular lipids, while mono-unsaturated alkenes were most abundant (53 %) in females. (Z)-9-Pentacosene was twice as abundant in females than in males, and ~20 fold more concentrated in beetles than in worker bees. In mating assays, (Z)-9-pentacosene elicited arrestment, alignment, and mounting, but not copulation, by male beetles. These results represent the first evidence of a contact sex pheromone in a scarab beetle. Such contact pheromones may be an essential, cryptic mechanism for arthropods associated with eusocial insects. PMID:23149473

Fombong, Ayuka T; Teal, Peter E A; Arbogast, Richard T; Ndegwa, Paul N; Irungu, Lucy W; Torto, Baldwyn

2012-12-01

315

Ecological basis of integrated pest management on rice in North Vietnam: V. Population dynamics of the primary lepidopterous rice pests (Lepidoptera) in the Red River Delta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dependence of the population dynamics of the lepidopteran pests and of their damage to the crop (rice) on the year and season\\u000a of the crops, cultivars used, and location of the field were analyzed. All these factors were shown to be significant. For\\u000a ununified fields, ecological situation should be studied in every field separately to make adequate decisions in each

E. S. Sugonyaev; A. L. Monastyrskii

2007-01-01

316

Integrated pest management: the push-pull approach for controlling insect pests and weeds of cereals, and its potential for other agricultural systems including animal husbandry.  

PubMed

This paper describes the 'push-pull' or 'stimulo-deterrent diversionary' strategy in relation to current and potential examples from our own experiences. The push-pull effect is established by exploiting semiochemicals to repel insect pests from the crop ('push') and to attract them into trap crops ('pull'). The systems exemplified here have been developed for subsistence farming in Africa and delivery of the semiochemicals is entirely by companion cropping, i.e. intercropping for the push and trap cropping for the pull. The main target was a series of lepidopterous pests attacking maize and other cereals. Although the area given to the cereal crop itself is reduced under the push-pull system, higher yields are produced per unit area. An important spin-off from the project is that the companion crops are valuable forage for farm animals. Leguminous intercrops also provide advantages with regard to plant nutrition and some of the trap crops help with water retention and in reducing land erosion. A major benefit is that certain intercrop plants provide dramatic control of the African witchweed (striga). Animal husbandry forms an essential part of intensive subsistence agriculture in Africa and developments using analogous push-pull control strategies for insect pests of cattle are exemplified. PMID:17652071

Hassanali, Ahmed; Herren, Hans; Khan, Zeyaur R; Pickett, John A; Woodcock, Christine M

2008-02-12

317

Process safety management for highly hazardous chemicals  

SciTech Connect

Purpose of this document is to assist US DOE contractors who work with threshold quantities of highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs), flammable liquids or gases, or explosives in successfully implementing the requirements of OSHA Rule for Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119). Purpose of this rule is to prevent releases of HHCs that have the potential to cause catastrophic fires, explosions, or toxic exposures.

NONE

1996-02-01

318

Effectiveness of the area wide pest management program to control asian tiger mosquito in New Jersey: evidence from a household survey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Households’ behaviors can both mitigate and measure the spread of urban mosquito species. Beginning in 2009, an area-wide pest management (AWPM) project to control Ae. Albopictus was implemented in 6 areas in Monmouth and Mercer counties, NJ. Including other activities, the project focused on increa...

319

Effectiveness of the Area-wide Pest Management Program to Control Asian Tiger Mosquito in New Jersey: Evidence from a Household Survey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Households’ behaviors can both mitigate and measure the spread of urban mosquitos. Beginning in 2009, a comprehensive area-wide pest management (AWPM) project to control Aedes albopictus was implemented in 4 areas in Monmouth and Mercer Counties, New Jersey. Including other activities, the project f...

320

Perceived Consequences of Herbicide-Tolerant and Insect-Resistant Crops on Integrated Pest Management Strategies in the Western United States: Results of an Online Survey  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We conducted an online survey to assess the potential effects of herbicide-tolerant (HT) and insect-resistant (IR) crops on integrated pest management (IPM) practices in the Western United States. For HT crops, participants perceived a decrease in several IPM practices, including crop and herbicide ...

321

The Learning Facilitation Role of Agricultural Extension Workers in the Adoption of Integrated Pest Management by Tropical Fruit Growers in Thailand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 120 Thai fruit growers reported that agricultural extension workers were influential in their adoption of integrated pest management, which balances cultural tradition and progressive practice. Extension workers used discussion and reflection on practical experience, a participatory and collaborative approach to the adoption of…

Elsey, Barry; Sirichoti, Kittipong

2002-01-01

322

NONTARGET ARTHROPODS CAPTURED IN CUE-LURE-BAITED BUCKET TRAPS AT AREA-WIDE PEST MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION SITES IN KAMUELA AND KULA, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Seventy and 2,371 specimens or about 1.1 and 34.4 individuals per day were captured in melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), cue-lure monitoring/suppression traps at two area-wide integrated pest management implementation sites in Kula (Maui Island) and Kamuela (Hawaii Island), respectively...

323

September 2013 Laboratory Safety Manual Section 3 -Chemical Waste Management  

E-print Network

September 2013 Laboratory Safety Manual Section 3 - Chemical Waste Management UW Environmental Health and Safety Page 3-1 Section 3 - Chemical Waste Management Contents A. HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE 3 - Chemical Waste Management Laboratory Safety Manual UW Environmental Health and Safety Page 3-2 4

Wilcock, William

324

Proactive or Reactive? Optimal Management of an Invasive Forest Pest in a Spatial Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a preliminary investigation into the conditions under which it might be optimal to engage in proactive management of a non-timber forest resource in the presence of an invasive species whose spread is unaffected by management action. Proactive management is defined as treating an uninfected area in order to encourage healthy ecosystem function, given that the arrival of

Craig A. Bond; Patricia A. Champ; James Meldrum; Anna Schoettle

2010-01-01

325

Pathogenicity of a Microsporidium Isolate from the Diamondback Moth against Noctuid Moths:Characterization and Implications for Microbiological Pest Management  

PubMed Central

Background Due to problems with chemical control, there is increasing interest in the use of microsporidia for control of lepidopteran pests. However, there have been few studies to evaluate the susceptibility of exotic species to microsporidia from indigenous Lepidoptera. Methodology/Principal Findings We investigated some biological characteristics of the microsporidian parasite isolated from wild Plutella xylostella (PX) and evaluated its pathogenicity on the laboratory responses of sympatric invasive and resident noctuid moths. There were significant differences in spore size and morphology between PX and Spodoptera litura (SL) isolates. Spores of PX isolate were ovocylindrical, while those of SL were oval. PX spores were 1.05 times longer than those of SL, which in turn were 1.49 times wider than those of the PX. The timing of infection peaks was much shorter in SL and resulted in earlier larval death. There were no noticeable differences in amplicon size (two DNA fragments were each about 1200 base pairs in length). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequences of the two isolates shared a clade with Nosema/Vairimorpha sequences. The absence of octospores in infected spodopteran tissues suggested that PX and SL spores are closely related to Nosema plutellae and N. bombycis, respectively. Both SL and S. exigua (SE) exhibited susceptibility to the PX isolate infection, but showed different infection patterns. Tissular infection was more diverse in the former and resulted in much greater spore production and larval mortality. Microsporidium-infected larvae pupated among both infected and control larvae, but adult emergence occurred only in the second group. Conclusion/Significance The PX isolate infection prevented completion of development of most leafworm and beet armyworm larvae. The ability of the microsporidian isolate to severely infect and kill larvae of both native and introduced spodopterans makes it a valuable candidate for biocontrol against lepidopteran pests. PMID:24349104

Ghani, Idris Abd; Dieng, Hamady; Abu Hassan, Zainal Abidin; Ramli, Norazsida; Kermani, Nadia; Satho, Tomomitsu; Ahmad, Hamdan; Abang, Fatimah Bt; Fukumitsu, Yuki; Ahmad, Abu Hassan

2013-01-01

326

PEST ERADICATION TECHNOLOGY - THE CRITICAL PARTNER TO PEST EXCLUSION TECHNOLOGY: THE MAUNGATAUTARI EXPERIENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Invasive pest eradication is an increasingly viab le management option for conservation and wildlife managers all over the world. The list of successfu l rodent eradications from isolated islands continu es to grow globally. Now, with the development of effect ive pest exclusion technologies, the opportunities for eradicating multiple species of vertebrate pests fr om progressively larger fragments of habitat

CAM SPEEDY; JOHN INNES

327

United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service stored-grain areawide integrated pest management program.  

PubMed

The USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) funded a demonstration project (1998-2002) for areawide IPM for stored wheat in Kansas and Oklahoma. This project was a collaboration of researchers at the ARS Grain Marketing and Production Research Center in Manhattan, Kansas, Kansas State University, and Oklahoma State University. The project utilized two elevator networks, one in each state, for a total of 28 grain elevators. These elevators stored approximately 31 million bushels of wheat, which is approximately 1.2% of the annual national production. Stored wheat was followed as it moved from farm to the country elevator and finally to the terminal elevator. During this study, thousands of grain samples were taken in concrete elevator silos. Wheat stored at elevators was frequently infested by several insect species, which sometimes reached high numbers and damaged the grain. Fumigation using aluminum phosphide pellets was the main method for managing these insect pests in elevators in the USA. Fumigation decisions tended to be based on past experience with controlling stored-grain insects, or were calendar based. Integrated pest management (IPM) requires sampling and risk benefit analysis. We found that the best sampling method for estimating insect density, without turning the grain from one bin to another, was the vacuum probe sampler. Decision support software, Stored Grain Advisor Pro (SGA Pro) was developed that interprets insect sampling data, and provides grain managers with a risk analysis report detailing which bins are at low, moderate or high risk for insect-caused economic losses. Insect density was predicted up to three months in the future based on current insect density, grain temperature and moisture. Because sampling costs money, there is a trade-off between frequency of sampling and the cost of fumigation. The insect growth model in SGA Pro reduces the need to sample as often, thereby making the program more cost-effective. SGA Pro was validated during the final year of the areawide program. Based on data from 533 bins, SGA Pro accurately predicted which bins were at low, moderate or high risk. Only in two out of 533 bins did SGA Pro incorrectly predict bins as being low risk and, in both cases, insect density was only high (> two insects kg(-1)) at the surface, which suggested recent immigration. SGA Pro is superior to calendar-based management because it ensures that grain is only treated when insect densities exceed economic thresholds (two insects kg(-1)). This approach will reduce the frequency of fumigation while maintaining high grain quality. Minimizing the use of fumigant improves worker safety and reduces both control costs and harm to the environment. PMID:12846311

Flinn, Paul W; Hagstrum, David W; Reed, Carl; Phillips, Tom W

2003-01-01

328

Laurel leaf extracts for honeybee pest and disease management: antimicrobial, microsporicidal, and acaricidal activity.  

PubMed

A diverse set of parasites and pathogens affects productivity and survival of Apis mellifera honeybees. In beekeeping, traditional control by antibiotics and molecules of synthesis has caused problems with contamination and resistant pathogens. In this research, different Laurus nobilis extracts are tested against the main honeybee pests through an integrated point of view. In vivo effects on bee survival are also evaluated. The ethanol extract showed minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 208 to 416 ?g/mL, having the best antimicrobial effect on Paenibacillus larvae among all substances tested. Similarly, this leaf extract showed a significant antiparasitic activity on Varroa destructor, killing 50 % of mites 24 h after a 30-s exposure, and on Nosema ceranae, inhibiting the spore development in the midgut of adult bees ingesting 1?×?10(4) ?g/mL of extract solution. Both ethanol extract and volatile extracts (essential oil, hydrolate, and its main component) did not cause lethal effects on adult honeybees. Thus, the absence of topical and oral toxicity of the ethanol extract on bees and the strong antimicrobial, microsporicidal, and miticidal effects registered in this study place this laurel extract as a promising integrated treatment of bee diseases and stimulates the search for other bioactive phytochemicals from plants. PMID:24288051

Damiani, Natalia; Fernández, Natalia J; Porrini, Martín P; Gende, Liesel B; Álvarez, Estefanía; Buffa, Franco; Brasesco, Constanza; Maggi, Matías D; Marcangeli, Jorge A; Eguaras, Martín J

2014-02-01

329

Ozone-mist spray sterilization for pest control in agricultural management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed a portable ozone-mist sterilization system to exterminate pests (harmful insects) in agricultural field and greenhouse. The system is composed of an ozone generator, an ozone-mist spray and a small container of ozone gas. The ozone generator can supply highly concentrated ozone using the surface dielectric barrier discharge. Ozone-mist is produced using a developed nozzle system. We studied the effects of ozone-mist spray sterilization on insects and agricultural plants. The sterilization conditions are estimated by monitoring the behavior of aphids and observing the damage of the plants. It was shown that aphids were exterminated in 30 s without noticeable damages of the plant leaves. The reactive radicals with strong oxidation potential such as hydroxyl radical (*OH), hydroperoxide radical (*HO2), the superoxide ion radical (*O2?) and ozonide radical ion (*O3?) can increase the sterilization rate for aphids. Contribution to the Topical Issue "13th International Symposium on High Pressure Low Temperature Plasma Chemistry (Hakone XIII)", Edited by Nicolas Gherardi, Henryca Danuta Stryczewska and Yvan Ségui.

Ebihara, Kenji; Mitsugi, Fumiaki; Ikegami, Tomoaki; Nakamura, Norihito; Hashimoto, Yukio; Yamashita, Yoshitaka; Baba, Seiji; Stryczewska, Henryka D.; Pawlat, Joanna; Teii, Shinriki; Sung, Ta-Lun

2013-02-01

330

Resurgance of soilborne pests in double-cropped cucumber after application of methyl bromide chemical alternatives and solarization in tomato.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Field studies were conducted during four consectutive tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)-cucumber (Cucumis sativus) rotations to examine the long-term residual effects of tomato methyl bromide alternatives on soilborne pests in double-cropped cucumber. Four treatments were established in tomato field...

331

Control of invasive marine invertebrates: an experimental evaluation of the use of low salinity for managing pest corals (Tubastraea spp.).  

PubMed

This study investigated the use of low salinity as a killing agent for the invasive pest corals Tubastraea coccinea and Tubastraea tagusensis (Dendrophylliidae). Experiments investigated the efficacy of different salinities, the effect of colony size on susceptibility and the influence of length of exposure. Experimental treatments of colonies were carried out in aquaria. Colonies were then fixed onto experimental plates and monitored in the field periodically over a period of four weeks. The killing effectiveness of low salinity depended on the test salinity and the target species, but was independent of colony size. Low salinity was fast acting and prejudicial to survival: discoloration, necrosis, fragmenting and sloughing, exposure of the skeleton and cover by biofoulers occurred post treatment. For T. tagusensis, 50% mortality (LC50) after three days occurred at eight practical salinity units (PSU); for T. coccinea the LC50 was 2 PSU. Exposure to freshwater for 45-120 min resulted in 100% mortality for T. tagusensis, but only the 120 min period was 100% effective in killing T. coccinea. Freshwater is now routinely used for the post-border management of Tubastraea spp. This study also provides insights as to how freshwater may be used as a routine biosecurity management tool when applied pre-border to shipping vectors potentially transporting non-indigenous marine biofouling species. PMID:24735126

Moreira, Patrícia L; Ribeiro, Felipe V; Creed, Joel C

2014-01-01

332

IMPACT OF LAND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON SOILBORNE PESTS AND PRODUCTIVITY OF TOMATO  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In July 2000, a field experiment was initiated in Fort Pierce, Florida to measure the impacts of agricultural land management practices and alternative tomato production systems on parameters of soil health and yields of fresh market tomato. Five land management treatments were arranged in a randomi...

333

Habitat Management to Conserve Natural Enemies of Arthropod Pests in Agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many agroecosystems are unfavorable environments for natural ene- mies due to high levels of disturbance. Habitat management, a form of conservation biological control, is an ecologically based approach aimed at favoring natural ene- mies and enhancing biological control in agricultural systems. The goal of habitat management is to create a suitable ecological infrastructure within the agricultural landscape to provide resources

Douglas A. Landis; Stephen D. Wratten; Geoff M. Gurr

2000-01-01

334

Tick pests and vectors (Acari: Ixodoidea) in European towns: Introduction, persistence and management.  

PubMed

Ticks have always been a part of fauna in and around human settlements, and their significance changed concurrently with the enlargement of settlements and their transformation into towns. The increased rate of urbanization during the last decades has created a new reality for tick existence. Two groups of ticks are of major concern for modern towns: those living under natural conditions of urban surroundings and those well-adapted to urban conditions. During the process of urbanization, encroachment into forested and uncultivated areas as well as protection of existing green spaces create opportunities for ticks living in nature to also exist under urban and suburban conditions. Conditions of modern urban and especially suburban environment in developed European countries adequately meet tick requirements. Tick species having an advantage in urban areas are those that can use one and the same host at all parasitic stages, can starve for a prolonged time, can use either urban pests or domesticated animals as hosts, and can live in man-made buildings. The ticks of the Argas reflexus group (Argasidae) and the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Ixodidae) comply with practically all conditions necessary for successful survival in urban areas. The ability of ticks to transmit numerous human and animal pathogens and the presence of many reservoir hosts in urban and suburban areas create persistent danger for human populations and domestic animals. Impact on urban ticks should be directed against the two major requirements of tick existence: reducing populations of potential tick hosts (feral pigeons, stray dogs and cats, and urban rodents), and changing other environmental conditions to make them less suitable for ticks. It is especially important that urban inhabitants be properly informed about the danger posed by ticks, the sites of possible tick attacks, and basic self-protection techniques. PMID:24183576

Uspensky, Igor

2014-02-01

335

The red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, a new pest threat in the Caribbean: Biology and options for management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The red palm weevil (RPW) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, is a serious pest of palms. RPW is native to Asia, but over the last few decades it has spread to the Middle East, Africa and Europe where it has caused major economic damage. This pest was accidentally introduced to the Caribbean (Curacao and Aru...

336

Cost and effectiveness of community-wide integrated pest management for German cockroach, cockroach allergen, and insecticide use reduction in low-income housing.  

PubMed

Many low-income housing units in the United States continue to have chronic German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), infestations and high prevalence of cockroach allergens despite the availability of highly effective cockroach control products. Several studies have demonstrated the greater effectiveness of integrated pest management (IPM) compared with routine chemical interventions in apartment buildings and the benefit of cockroach allergen reduction using IPM. Yet, there has been little information on the cost and benefit of community-wide cockroach IPM, which is critical for voluntary adoption of IPM programs. We evaluated a community-wide IPM program in two low-income apartment complexes in Gary, IN. The program included education of staff and residents, monthly monitoring, and nonchemical (laying sticky traps) and chemical treatment based on monitoring results. One complex of 191 apartments was treated with cockroach gel bait, boric acid dust, and sticky traps by state licensed entomologists from Purdue University (E-IPM group). The other complex of 251 apartments was treated by pest management professionals (PMPs) from a contractor (C-IPM group) following the same protocol as the E-IPM group. Purdue University researchers trained Gary Housing Authority (GHA) staff on cockroach biology and management and cockroach allergen reduction techniques. GHA staff educated all residents in the two complexes on cockroach control and allergen reduction through printed materials, demonstrations, or both. Purdue University entomologists conducted the initial and monthly monitoring in both complexes (laying six sticky traps per apartment and retrieving them the next day) with the assistance from GHA to evaluate program effectiveness, guide insecticide applications, and identify apartments with poor sanitation conditions. Dust samples were collected from kitchen floors of 72 cockroach-infested apartments at the beginning, and again at 6 and 12 mo to evaluate changes in cockroach allergen Bla g 1 concentration. E-IPM resulted in significantly faster cockroach trap count reduction than C-IPM. At 12 mo, the number of cockroach-infested apartments decreased by 74% in both treatment groups. Geometric mean cockroach trap counts decreased from 99.7 at baseline to 0.4 (99.6% reduction) by E-IPM and from 76.0 at baseline to 1.3 (98.3% reduction) by C-IPM. From the first quarter to the fourth quarter, cockroach bait use decreased by 88.5 and 92.7% for E-IPM and C-IPM group, respectively. From month 0 to month 12, geometric mean Bla g 1 concentrations decreased from 27.8 to 2.2 U per gram of dust (U/g) in the E-IPM group and from 5.8 to 2.4 U/g in the C-IPM group. Assuming salary rates at $60/h for PMPs and $19/h for housing authority staff, the mean monthly cockroach management (material and labor expenses) cost was $7.5 USD/apartment for both groups excluding education cost. The cost for subsequent years service is expected to be lower due to reduced cockroach infestations. The effectiveness of both IPM programs was affected by the lack of assistance from housing authority with periodic inspections of the apartments, lack of proper maintenance of the properties, and inadequate cooperation from residents. PMID:19736776

Wang, Changlu; Bennett, Gary W

2009-08-01

337

Development of a precision areawide pest management decision system for cotton - Preliminary study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Crop models simulate growth and development, and provide relevant information for the routine management of the crop. Integrating crop models with other information technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS), variable rate technology, remote sensing, and global positioning systems (G...

338

2014 SOUTHEASTERN PEACH, NECTARINE AND PLUM PEST MANAGEMENT AND CULTURE GUIDE  

E-print Network

ORCHARD WEED MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES........................................... 52 HERBICIDE RECOMMENDATIONS...............................................................................................................66 ANNUAL FERTILIZATION OF BEARING TREES..........................................67 Design and Copy exception. Listed pesticides may not be registered for the uses recommended here in all states. Pesticide

Arnold, Jonathan

339

Total chemical management in photographic processing  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The mission of the U. S. Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center is to produce high-quality photographs of the earth taken from aircraft and Landsat satellite. In order to meet the criteria of producing research-quality photographs, while at the same time meeting strict environmental restrictions, a total photographic chemical management system was installed. This involved a three-part operation consisting of the design of a modern chemical analysis laboratory, the implementation of a chemical regeneration system, and the installation of a waste treatment system, including in-plant pretreatment and outside secondary waste treatment. Over the last ten years the result of this program has yielded high-quality photographs while saving approximately 30,000 per year and meeting all Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) restrictions.

Luden, Charles; Schultz, Ronald

1985-01-01

340

Precision Farming and Precision Pest Management: The Power of New Crop Production Technologies  

PubMed Central

The use of new technologies including Geographic Information Systems (GIS), the Global Positioning System (GPS), Variable Rate Technology (VRT), and Remote Sensing (RS) is gaining acceptance in the present high-technology, precision agricultural industry. GIS provides the ability to link multiple data values for the same geo-referenced location, and provides the user with a graphical visualization of such data. When GIS is coupled with GPS and RS, management decisions can be applied in a more precise "micro-managed" manner by using VRT techniques. Such technology holds the potential to reduce agricultural crop production costs as well as crop and environmental damage. PMID:19274236

Strickland, R. Mack; Ess, Daniel R.; Parsons, Samuel D.

1998-01-01

341

Comparative efficacy of various chemical stabilizers on the thermostability of a live-attenuated peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermostability of a live-attenuated peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine recently developed at Indian Veterinary Research Institute was studied using conventional lyophilization conditions. A total of four stabilizers viz., lactalbumin hydrolysate–sucrose (LS), Weybridge medium (WBM), buffered gelatin-sorbitol (BUGS) and trehalose dihydrate (TD) were used to prepare the lyophilized vaccine. The study revealed that the PPR vaccine lyophilized with either LS

J. Sarkar; B. P. Sreenivasa; R. P. Singh; P. Dhar; S. K. Bandyopadhyay

2003-01-01

342

Demystifying farmers' entomological and pest management knowledge: A methodology for assessing the impacts on knowledge from IPM-FFS and NES interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancing the environmental soundness of agricultural practices, particularly in high input systems, is of increasing concern\\u000a to those involved in agricultural research and development. The Integrated Pest Management Farmer Field School, which is based\\u000a on farmer participatory environmental education, is compared to the No Early Spray intervention, which is a simple rule approach.\\u000a A research methodology was developed and tested

Lisa Leimar Price

2001-01-01

343

Comparative assessment of pest management practices in potato production at farmer field schools  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Farmer field schools (FFS) and other participatory approaches are useful methods for rapid delivery of agricultural technologies in resource-constrained agro-ecosystems. Cultivar selection, weekly fungicide applications and integrated disease management (IDM) based on a disease monitoring strategy w...

344

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 9 1 Identification of Hazardous Chemical Waste  

E-print Network

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 9 1 · Identification manage hazardous chemical waste you must first learn the various identification steps, in order to: 1-Chemical- Biological-Waste Hierarchy to identify the regulations that govern waste management. Use the Non

Ford, James

345

Going native can be a smart choice for Michigan landscapes Joy Landis, MSU Integrated Pest Management Program  

E-print Network

is to pollinators and to natural enemies that help control pests. Monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars) will ONLY eat several species of native milkweed plants. Without these milkweeds, there are no monarchs. Steven

346

Pest and disease management in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand apple orchards: Results of an “advice?givers” survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty?seven Hawke's Bay, New Zealand apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) pest and disease control “advisers” including horticultural merchant and New Zealand Apple and Pear Marketing Board (NZAPMB) field representatives, private consultants, and apple plant protection scientists (The Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd (HortResearch)) were interviewed over the 1993\\/94 growing season to determine their role in growers’ pest

T. M. Stewart; J. Mumford

1995-01-01

347

Pesticide compatibility with natural enemies for pest management in greenhouse gerbera daisies.  

PubMed

Pesticides commonly used in commercial greenhouse management were evaluated for compatibility with two biological control agents: a leafminer parasitoid (Diglyphus isaea [Walker]), and a predatory mite (Neoseiulus californicus [McGregor]). These natural enemies were exposed to miticides, fungicides, and insecticides targeting leafminers, thrips, and whiteflies, according to label directions in laboratory vial assays, after which mortality at 12, 24, and 48 h was recorded. Greater mortality of predatory mites than leafminer parasitoids was observed overall, illustrating that fewer pesticides were compatible with predatory mites compared with the parasitoid. However, some commonly used pesticides were found to cause high mortality to both the leafminer parasitoid and predatory mites. Twospotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) infestations often disrupt leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii [Burgess]) biocontrol programs. Therefore, potentially compatible miticides (bifenazate, hexythiazox, spiromesifen, acequinocyl, etoxazole, and clofentezine) identified in laboratory trials were also evaluated in a greenhouse study and found to be compatible with leafminer biocontrol. PMID:24020270

Abraham, Cheri M; Braman, S K; Oetting, R D; Hinkle, N C

2013-08-01

348

The prospect of applying chemical elicitors and plant strengtheners to enhance the biological control of crop pests  

PubMed Central

An imminent food crisis reinforces the need for novel strategies to increase crop yields worldwide. Effective control of pest insects should be part of such strategies, preferentially with reduced negative impact on the environment and optimal protection and utilization of existing biodiversity. Enhancing the presence and efficacy of native biological control agents could be one such strategy. Plant strengthener is a generic term for several commercially available compounds or mixtures of compounds that can be applied to cultivated plants in order to ‘boost their vigour, resilience and performance’. Studies into the consequences of boosting plant resistance against pests and diseases on plant volatiles have found a surprising and dramatic increase in the plants' attractiveness to parasitic wasps. Here, we summarize the results from these studies and present new results from assays that illustrate the great potential of two commercially available resistance elicitors. We argue that plant strengtheners may currently be the best option to enhance the attractiveness of cultivated plants to biological control agents. Other options, such as the genetic manipulation of the release of specific volatiles may offer future solutions, but in most systems, we still miss fundamental knowledge on which key attractants should be targeted for this approach. PMID:24535390

Sobhy, Islam S.; Erb, Matthias; Lou, Yonggen; Turlings, Ted C. J.

2014-01-01

349

Classical biological control of an invasive forest pest: a world perspective of the management of Sirex noctilio using the parasitoid Ibalia leucospoides (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae).  

PubMed

Classical biological control is a key method for managing populations of pests in long-lived crops such as plantation forestry. The execution of biological control programmes in general, as the evaluation of potential natural enemies remains, to a large extent, an empirical endeavour. Thus, characterizing specific cases to determine patterns that may lead to more accurate predictions of success is an important goal of the much applied ecological research. We review the history of introduction, ecology and behaviour of the parasitoid Ibalia leucospoides. The species is a natural enemy of Sirex noctilio, one of the most important pests of pine afforestation worldwide. We use an invasion ecology perspective given the analogy between the main stages involved in classical biological control and the biological invasion processes. We conclude that success in the establishment, a common reason of failure in biocontrol, is not a limiting factor of success by I. leucospoides. A mismatch between the spread capacity of the parasitoid and that of its host could nevertheless affect control at a regional scale. In addition, we suggest that given its known life history traits, this natural enemy may be a better regulator than suppressor of the host population. Moreover, spatial and temporal refuges of the host population that may favour the local persistence of the interaction probably reduce the degree to which S. noctilio population is suppressed by the parasitoid. We emphasize the fact that some of the biological attributes that promote establishment may negatively affect suppression levels achieved. Studies on established non-native pest-parasitoid interactions may contribute to defining selection criteria for classical biological control which may prove especially useful in integrated pest management IPM programmes of invasive forest insects. PMID:24923367

Fischbein, D; Corley, J C

2015-02-01

350

Cost-effectiveness of integrated pest management compared with insecticidal spraying against the German cockroach in apartment buildings.  

PubMed

This study assessed the cost and effectiveness of an integrated pest management (IPM) program using hydramethylnon gel baits compared with conventional spraying for controlling the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Blattodea: Blattellidae), in two residential buildings in Yasuj, Iran. The IPM approach was based on educational programs using pamphlets, posters and lectures, sanitation using vacuuming and application of hydramethylnon gel baits. Conventional approach used cypermethrin (10% EC) on baseboard and cracks-and-crevices. Sticky traps were used as tools for monitoring cockroach population densities. The IPM approach reduced (943%) the rate of insecticide application compared to the conventional spray. Cockroach populations in the IPM treatment were significantly reduced from an average of 12.2 ± 3.01 cockroaches per unit before treatment to zero cockroach per unit by week four and thereafter. Cockroach populations in the conventional spray treatment were reduced from an average of 11.5 ± 4.43 cockroaches per unit before treatment to an average of 3.4 ± 0.99 cockroach per unit after 11 weeks of post treatment. The IPM treatment improved 100% of infested units compared to 78% for spray treatment to obtain a clean level of infestation (< 1cockroach per trap per unit). The results suggest that the intervention by IPM using hydramethylnon gel baits significantly reduced cockroach infestation compared to cypermethrin spray throughout the 11 weeks of post-treatment period. However, within the study period, the IPM system involving gel baits, educational program and sanitation was 363.2% more expensive than the conventional method. PMID:22068948

Shahraki, Gholam H; Hafidzi, M N; Khadri, M S; Rafinejad, J; Ibrahim, Y B

2011-10-01

351

Current status and future perspectives on sunflower insect pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

While occasional insect pests of cultivated sunflowers may be managed by conventional or reduced-risk insecticides, the cumulative costs and risks of relying on insecticides to suppress perennial or severe pests (common in North America) call for exploration of broader pest management strategies. Re...

352

Options for pest and disease control in organic pecan  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Although organic pecans typically command a higher wholesale and retail price, their production presents a unique set of challenges. Among these are issues of pest and disease management - it is not simply a modification of the conventional, pest and disease management paradigm. Despite these pest ...

353

Performance of arrhenotokous and thelytokous Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on onion and cabbage and its implications on evolution and pest management.  

PubMed

Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), is an important pest on onion and cabbage. Two reproductive modes--arrhenotoky and thelytoky--are found in this species and co-occur in the field. We compared life table traits between arrhenotokous and thelytokous T. tabaci on cabbage and onion. Experiments were conducted in cages to determine which reproductive mode is more competitive. Additionally, host adaption of the arrhenotokous and thelytokous T. tabaci between onion and cabbage was investigated. On onion, arrhenotokous T. tabaci performed better than thelytokous T. tabaci, while on cabbage the opposite occurred. When comparing life table and demographic growth parameters (net reproductive rates R(o), mean generation time T, the intrinsic rate of natural increase r(m), finite rate of increase A, and population doubling time T(d)) on different host plants, we found that arrhenotokous T. tabaci performed better on onion than on cabbage, whereas thelytokous T. tabaci performed better on cabbage than on onion. Host-related performance differences in this species suggest that the divergence between two reproductive modes might be associated with host adaption. Pest management strategies for this global pest should recognize that the two reproductive modes can impact population dynamics on different crops. PMID:25195445

Li, Xiao-Wei; Fail, Jozsef; Wang, Ping; Feng, Ji-Nian; Shelton, A M

2014-08-01

354

Lantana and Verbena: How to Combat Insect and Mite Pests  

E-print Network

Several insect and mite pests attack lantana and verbena, which are perennial ornamental plants found in many Texas landscapes. This publication describes the most common pests and explains how to manage them....

Mott, Dale; Merchant, Michael E.

2005-02-21

355

Current management efforts against Cactoblastis cactorum as a pest of North American prickly pear cactus, Opuntia spp.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The unintentional arrival of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to Florida changed the scope of this celebrated weed biological control agent from savior to pest. Based on this insects’ substantial control of non-native Opuntia spp. (prickly pear cactus) in Australia and other parts of ...

356

Winter cover crops in a vegetable cropping system: Impacts on nitrate leaching, soil water, crop yield, pests and management costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plant-soil relationships in the surface soil layer affect other processes in agroecosystems, including crop productivity, nitrate leaching and plant-pest interactions. This study investigated the effect of altering surface soil dynamics, using a winter cover crop rotation, on biotic and abiotic characteristics of the soil profile. Two cover crop treatments, phacelia and Merced rye (Phacelia tanacetifolia cv. ‘Phaci’, and Secale cereale

L. J. Wyland; L. E. Jackson; W. E. Chaney; K. Klonsky; S. T. Koike; B. Kimple

1996-01-01

357

A Review of the Natural Enemies of Beetles in the Subtribe Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): Implications for Sustainable Pest Management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Diabroticina is a speciose subtribe of New World Chrysomelidae (Subfamily Galerucinae: Tribe Luperini) that includes pests like corn rootworms, cucumber beetles and bean leaf beetles (e.g. Diabrotica, Acalymma, Cerotoma species). The evolution and spread of pesticide resistance, the European invasio...

358

Integration of endemic natural enemies and Bacillus thuringiensis to manage insect pests of Brassica crops in North Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brassica crops, principally varieties of Brassica oleracea and Brassica campestris, account for over half the total vegetable production in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). The crops are attacked by a complex of insects and the two major pest species, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and Pieris rapae L. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) represent the principal constraints to Brassica crop production.

Michael J. Furlong; Kim Hak Ju; Pak Wi Su; Jo Kwang Chol; Ri Chang Il; Myron P. Zalucki

2008-01-01

359

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF CODLING MOTH (CYDIA POMONELLA, TORTRICIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA) AND ITS ROLE IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, WITH EMPHASIS ON ENTOMOPATHOGENS.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Codling moth, Cydia pomonella, is a worldwide pest of apple and pear. Traditional control methods have been based predominantly on broad spectrum insecticides. Concerns over the safety, environmental impact, and sustainability of synthetic pesticides have stimulated development and use of softer c...

360

Predator-In-First: A novel biocontrol strategy for managing thrips and other key pests in pepper crops  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Predator-In-First (PIF) is a novel biological-based approach for sustainable control of thrips and other key pests that threaten pepper production in protected and outdoor culture. In the current study pepper plants were used as a model crop system and the key component of this method involves the r...

361

Chemical Waste/ Unwanted Material Management in Laboratories on Campus-Checklist This checklist is for managing Chemical Waste/ Unwanted Material in laboratories on the  

E-print Network

Chemical Waste/ Unwanted Material Management in Laboratories on Campus- Checklist This checklist is for managing Chemical Waste/ Unwanted Material in laboratories on the campus of Washington University Danforth

Subramanian, Venkat

362

Economic Evaluation of an Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management Program to Control the Asian Tiger Mosquito in New Jersey  

PubMed Central

Aedes albopictus is the most invasive mosquito in the world, an important disease vector, and a biting nuisance that limits outdoor activities. Area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) is the recommended control strategy. We conducted an economic evaluation of the AW-IPM project in Mercer and Monmouth Counties, New Jersey with a controlled design (AW-IPM vs. control) from 2009 through 2011. The study analyzed financial documents and staff time for AW-IPM and surveyed an average of 415 randomly chosen households in AW-IPM and control areas each fall from 2008 through 2011. Hours lost from yard and porch activities were calculated as differences between actual and potential hours of these activities in an average summer week if there had been no mosquito concerns. Net estimated benefits of AW-IPM were based on cross-over and difference-in-difference analyses. Reductions in hours lost were valued based on respondents' willingness to pay for a hypothetical extra hour free of mosquitoes spent on yard or porch activities and literature on valuation of a quality adjusted life year (QALY). The incremental cost of AW-IPM per adult was $41.18 per year. Number of hours lost due to mosquitoes in AW-IPM areas between the base year (2008) and the intervention years (2009-2011) declined by 3.30 hours per summer week in AW-IPM areas compared to control areas. Survey respondents valued this improvement at $27.37 per adult per summer week. Over the 13-week summer, an average adult resident gained 42.96 hours of yard and porch time, worth $355.82. The net benefit over the summer was $314.63. With an average of 0.0027 QALYs gained per adult per year, AW-IPM was cost effective at $15,300 per QALY gained. The benefit-cost ratio from hours gained was 8.64, indicating that each $1 spent on AW-IPM gave adults additional porch and yard time worth over $8. PMID:25338065

Shepard, Donald S.; Halasa, Yara A.; Fonseca, Dina M.; Farajollahi, Ary; Healy, Sean P.; Gaugler, Randy; Bartlett-Healy, Kristen; Strickman, Daniel A.; Clark, Gary G.

2014-01-01

363

Integrated Pest Management Ideas  

E-print Network

, Japanese beetles, leafhoppers, and Mexican bean beetles. Damsel bug - Nabidae - The damsel bug feeds Assassin bug - Reduviidaye - The assassin bug feeds mainly on aphids, caterpillars, Colorado potato beetles - Predacious stink bugs feed on Colorado potato beetles and various caterpillar larvae. Syrphid fly larvae

Liskiewicz, Maciej

364

Managing Household Ant Pests  

E-print Network

workers and not ants in the nest. Boric acid products are commonly formu- lated in sugar water (25 percent sucrose) and placed in a dispenser. Concentrations of 0.5 to 3.7 percent are most attractive to Argentine ants. Higher concentrations are less... attractive. Boric acid is a slow-acting stomach poison. Be careful using it outdoors because it is toxic to plants. For pharaoh ants, if the nest cannot be located, use a bait (e.g., Drax ? Ant Kill Gel containing 5 percent orthoboric acid or Terro...

Drees, Bastiaan M.

2005-12-02

365

Reduced biological control and enhanced chemical pest management in the evolution  

E-print Network

of Lombok, yielded a diverse set of secondary metabolites. The naphthoquinone plumbagin (1), although found diverse secondary metabolites, including alkanol ester,7 aliphatic lactone,8 benzenoid,9 coumarin,2 bacteria,5 fungi,9 guppy fish,1,9 human tumor cells,15 and seed germination of Lactuca sativa L. var. Great

Bermingham, Eldredge

366

Risk management in Chemical Supply Chains Rajagopalan Srinivasana,b  

E-print Network

Risk management in Chemical Supply Chains Rajagopalan Srinivasana,b a Department of Chemical Nowadays, efficient supply chain management has become critical to all businesses with benefits ranging to explicitly consider the entire supply chain structure while taking business decisions. Here, we describe

Alvarado, Matías

367

Sandia National Laboratories, California Chemical Management Program annual report.  

SciTech Connect

The annual program report provides detailed information about all aspects of the Sandia National Laboratories, California (SNL/CA) Chemical Management Program. It functions as supporting documentation to the SNL/CA Environmental Management System Program Manual. This program annual report describes the activities undertaken during the calender past year, and activities planned in future years to implement the Chemical Management Program, one of six programs that supports environmental management at SNL/CA. SNL/CA is responsible for tracking chemicals (chemical and biological materials), providing Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and for regulatory compliance reporting according to a variety of chemical regulations. The principal regulations for chemical tracking are the Emergency Planning Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and the California Right-to-Know regulations. The regulations, the Hazard Communication/Lab Standard of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are also key to the CM Program. The CM Program is also responsible for supporting chemical safety and information requirements for a variety of Integrated Enabling Services (IMS) programs primarily the Industrial Hygiene, Waste Management, Fire Protection, Air Quality, Emergency Management, Environmental Monitoring and Pollution Prevention programs. The principal program tool is the Chemical Information System (CIS). The system contains two key elements: the MSDS library and the chemical container-tracking database that is readily accessible to all Members of the Sandia Workforce. The primary goal of the CM Program is to ensure safe and effective chemical management at Sandia/CA. This is done by efficiently collecting and managing chemical information for our customers who include Line, regulators, DOE and ES and H programs to ensure compliance with regulations and to streamline customer business processes that require chemical information.

Brynildson, Mark E.

2012-02-01

368

Evaluating farmers' knowledge, perceptions and practices: a case study of pest management by fruit farmers in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the Doi moi policy reform of Vietnam in 1986, the government has increasingly emphasized diversification of agricultural production into high value crops. Over the period 1985-1995, fruit production in the Mekong Delta increased from 92,100 to 175,700 ha mainly due to better land tenure security. However, the potential of the fruit industry is not yet fully exploited. Besides pest

Mele van P

2000-01-01

369

A review of the natural enemies of beetles in the subtribe Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): implications for sustainable pest management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabroticina is a speciose subtribe of New World Chrysomelidae (Subfamily Galerucinae: Tribe Luperini) that includes pests such as corn rootworms, cucumber beetles and bean leaf beetles (e.g. Diabrotica, Acalymma, Cerotoma species). The evolution and spread of pesticide resistance, the European invasion of Diabrotica v. virgifera LeConte, and possible development of resistance due to the large-scale deployment of Diabrotica-active Bt maize

S. Toepfer; T. Haye; M. Erlandson; M. Goettel; J. G. Lundgren; R. G. Kleespies; D. C. Weber; G. Cabrera Walsh; A. Peters; R.-U. Ehlers; H. Strasser; D. Moore; S. Keller; S. Vidal; U. Kuhlmann

2009-01-01

370

[Research progress in chemical communication among insect-resistant genetically modified plants, insect pests and natural enemies].  

PubMed

Semiochemicals released by plants or insects play an important role in the communication among plants, phytophagous insects and their natural enemies. They thus form a chemical information network which regulates intra- and inter-specific behaviors and sustains the composition and structure of plant and insect communities. The application of insect-resistant genetically modified (IRGM) crops may affect the chemical communication within and among the tritrophic levels, and thus cause disturbances to the biotic community structure and the stability of the farmland ecosystem. This has raised concerns about the environmental safety of IRGM crops and triggered research worldwide. In the current article we provided a brief summary of the chemical communication among plants, herbivores and natural enemies; analyzed the potential of IRGM crops to affect the chemical communication between plants and arthropods and the related mechanisms; and discussed the current research progress and the future prospects in this field. We hope that this will promote the research in this field by Chinese scientists and increase our understanding of the potential effects of growing of IRGM crops on the arthropod community structure. PMID:25509100

Liu, Qing-Song; Li, Yun-He; Chen, Xiu-Ping; Peng, Yu-Fa

2014-08-01

371

The utility of microsatellite DNA markers for the evaluation of area-wide integrated pest management using SIT for the fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), control programs in Thailand.  

PubMed

The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a key pest that causes reduction of the crop yield within the international fruit market. Fruit flies have been suppressed by two Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management programs in Thailand using Sterile Insect Technique (AW-IPM-SIT) since the late 1980s and the early 2000s. The projects' planning and evaluation usually rely on information from pest status, distribution, and fruit infestation. However, the collected data sometimes does not provide enough detail to answer management queries and public concerns, such as the long term sterilization efficacy of the released fruit fly, skepticism about insect migration or gene flow across the buffer zone, and the re-colonisation possibility of the fruit fly population within the core area. Established microsatellite DNA markers were used to generate population genetic data for the analysis of the fruit fly sampling from several control areas, and non-target areas, as well as the mass-rearing facility. The results suggested limited gene flow (m < 0.100) across the buffer zones between the flies in the control areas and flies captured outside. In addition, no genetic admixture was revealed from the mass-reared colony flies from the flies within the control area, which supports the effectiveness of SIT. The control pests were suppressed to low density and showed weak bottleneck footprints although they still acquired a high degree of genetic variation. Potential pest resurgence from fragmented micro-habitats in mixed fruit orchards rather than pest incursion across the buffer zone has been proposed. Therefore, a suitable pest control effort, such as the SIT program, should concentrate on the hidden refuges within the target area. PMID:21052785

Aketarawong, Nidchaya; Chinvinijkul, Suksom; Orankanok, Watchreeporn; Guglielmino, Carmela Rosalba; Franz, Gerald; Malacrida, Anna Rodolfa; Thanaphum, Sujinda

2011-01-01

372

Insecticidal Effect of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Flowers on the Pest Spodoptera littoralis Boisd and its Parasitoid Microplitis rufiventris Kok. with Identifying the Chemical Composition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The flower extract of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. and their fractions have shown insecticidal effect on the cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littoralis. The third instar larvae fed for two days on treated leaves were more susceptible to plant extracts and to their ethyl acetate and chloroform fractions. The active lowest concentration (5%) of the flower fractions showed no significant effect on the percent reduction of emerged adult parasitoids, Microplitis rufiventris Kok. GC/MS analysis revealed that the major constituents in ethyl acetate fraction were 3-dihydro-methylene-2- (3H) furanone (17.8%), jasmolin I (15.6%), carveol 1 (13.6%), phosphoric acid, tributyl ester (11.4%) and cinerin II (11.1%), while those of chloroform fraction were 5-hydroxy-3 methyl-1H-pyrazole (42.7%) and carveol 1(24.8%). The medicinal plant C. coronarium seems to be a promising plant for application in integrated pest management due to its safety to the surrounding environment.

Shonouda, Mourad L.; Osman, Salah; Salama, Osama; Ayoub, Amal

373

Ergonomics contribution to chemical risks prevention: An ergotoxicological investigation of the effectiveness of coverall against plant pest risk in viticulture.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to present the contribution of a trans-disciplinary approach focused on ergonomics and chemical risk control. We shall more precisely discuss how such an approach carried out in the field of agricultural work has made it possible to highlight serious shortcomings in the effectiveness of the coveralls that are supposed to protect vineyard workers from pesticides. The study results, as well as the whistle-blow that followed have questioned the control and prevention measures used until then. The aforementioned trans-disciplinary approach gathers knowledge and methods from epidemiology, industrial hygiene, occupational health and safety and ergonomics. Ergonomics were central in the development of the approach as it connected task and activity analysis with contamination measurements. Lastly, the first results that were obtained have been confirmed and reused by the AFSSET (Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire Environnement et Travail, the French governmental agency in charge of environmental health and occupational health and safety issues) regarding the agricultural sector but also for all other situations in which workers use coveralls as protection against chemical risks. PMID:20833388

Garrigou, Alain; Baldi, Isabelle; Le Frious, Patricia; Anselm, Rémy; Vallier, Martine

2011-01-01

374

Common Insect and Mite Pests of Humans  

E-print Network

E-485 9/08 Common Insect and Mite Pests of Humans Wizzie Brown and Noel Troxclair* B *Extension Program Specialist, and Associate Professor and Extension Entomologist, The Texas A&M System Figure 1. Head louse. Photo by Michael Merchant. ites from... baseboards. Although a pest management professional is needed manage bedbugs, some actions can help reduce their populations: ? Thoroughly clean the infested area, paying close attention to cracks and crevices where the bugs may be hiding. ? Vacuum...

Brown, Elizabeth; Troxclair, Noel N.

2008-09-25

375

Peanut-cotton-rye rotations and soil chemical treatment for managing nematodes and thrips.  

PubMed

In the southeastern United States, a cotton-peanut rotation is attractive because of the high value and extensive planting of both crops in the region. The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of cotton-peanut rotations, rye, and soil chemical treatments on management of plant-parasitic nematodes, thrips, and soilborne fungal diseases and on crop yield. Peanut-cotton-rye rotations were conducted from 1988 to 1994 on Tifton loamy sand (Plinthic Kandiudult) infested primarily with Meloidogyne incognita race 3, Belonolaimus longicaudatus, Sclerotium rolfsii, Rhizoctonia solani, and Fusarium oxysporum. Continuous peanut, continuous cotton, cotton-peanut rotation, or peanut-cotton rotation were used as main plots; winter rye or fallow as sub-plots; and cotton with and without aldicarb (3.36 kg a.i./ha), or peanut with and without aldicarb (3.36 kg a.i./ha) plus flutolanil (1.12 kg a.i./ha), as sub-sub-plots. Population densities of M. incognita and B. longicaudatus declined rapidly after the first crop in continuous peanut and remained low thereafter. Neither rye nor soil chemical treatment affected M. incognita or B. longicaudatus population density on peanut or cotton. Cotton and peanut yields from the cotton-peanut rotation were 26% and 10% greater, respectively, than those from monoculmre over the 7-year study. Cotton and peanut yields were improved 9% and 4%, respectively, following rye vs. fallow. Soil chemical treatments increased yields of cotton 23% and peanut 32% over those of untreated plots. Our data demonstrate the sustainable benefits of using cotton-peanut rotations, winter rye, and soil chemical treatments to manage plant-parasitic nematodes and other pests and pathogens and improve yield of both cotton and peanut. PMID:19274213

Johnson, A W; Minton, N A; Brenneman, T B; Todd, J W; Herzog, G A; Gascho, G J; Baker, S H; Bondari, Y

1998-06-01

376

The Management of Chemical Waste in a University Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis describes a study of the management of chemical waste at the State University of New York at Binghamton. The study revealed that the majority of chemical waste at the university is in the form of hazardous waste. It was hypothesized that the volume, related costs, and potential long-term liability associated with the disposal of…

Coons, David Michael

377

Prehospital management and medical intervention after a chemical attack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical warfare agents are toxic weapons and emergency prehospital medical care providers should be well prepared, trained, and equipped to give response. Personnel need to be aware of the following medical issues regarding prehospital management of a chemical attack, event recognition, incident medical command and control, safety and protection, decontamination, isolation of the incident area (hot zone, warm zone, and

L Kenar; T Karayilanoglu

2004-01-01

378

Test Methods for Vertebrate Pest Control and Management Materials. A Symposium Sponsored by ASTM Committee E-35 on Pesticides, American Society for Testing and Materials, Monterey, California, March 8, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first symposium on "Test Methods for Vertebrate Pest Management" was held in March, 1976. Much of the thrust was toward explaining and defining the "state of the art." Concerns included rodents and rabbits, predators, scavengers, and large game animals, and a variety of bird species. Environments were as restricted as a laboratory cage or pen…

Jackson, W. B., Ed.; Marsh, R. E., Ed.

379

Dispersal Behavior of Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae on Tomato at Several Spatial Scales and Densities: Implications for Integrated Pest Management  

PubMed Central

Studying distribution is necessary to understand and manage the dynamics of species with spatially structured populations. Here we studied the distribution in Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae, two mite pests of tomato, in the scope of evaluating factors that can influence the effectiveness of Integrated Pest Management strategies. We found greater positive density-dependent distribution with T. evansi than T. urticae when assayed on single, detached tomato leaves. Indeed, T. evansi distribution among leaflets increased with initial population density while it was high even at low T. urticae densities. Intensity and rate of damage to whole plants was higher with T. evansi than T. urticae. We further studied the circadian migration of T. evansi within plant. When T. evansi density was high the distribution behavior peaked between 8 am and 3 pm and between 8 pm and 3 am local time of Kenya. Over 24 h the total number of mites ascending and descending was always similar and close to the total population size. The gregarious behavior of T. evansi combined with its rapid population growth rate, may explain why few tomato plants can be severely damaged by T. evansi and how suddenly all the crop can be highly infested. However the localisation and elimination of the first infested plants damaged by T. evansi could reduce the risk of outbreaks in the entire crop. These findings suggest also that an acaricide treated net placed on the first infested plants could be very effective to control T. evansi. Moreover circadian migration would therefore accentuate the efficiency of an acaricide treated net covering the infested plants. PMID:24743580

Azandémè-Hounmalon, Ginette Y.; Fellous, Simon; Kreiter, Serge; Fiaboe, Komi K. M.; Subramanian, Sevgan; Kungu, Miriam; Martin, Thibaud

2014-01-01

380

EFFECTIVE RISK MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS WORKSHOP NEWMEDIA CD  

EPA Science Inventory

This product is a CD-ROM version of the workshop, Effective Risk Management of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, held in January 2002, in Cincinnati, Ohio. The goal of this workshop was to introduce the science and engineering behind managing the potential risk of suspected endocri...

381

Bioeconomic modeling in conservation pest management: effect of stoat control on extinction risk of an indigenous New Zealand passerine, Mohua ochrocephala.  

PubMed

Pest control is a key activity undertaken to conserve threatened and declining species. Although bioeconomic analysis has been used to contrast the relative efficiency of control strategies where pests affect economic resources, the same approaches have been adopted rarely in conservation settings. The Mohua (Mohoua ochrocephala) is an insectivorous passerine indigenous to beech (Nothofagus spp.) forests in New Zealand's south island. Mohua have undergone a 75% range contraction since stoats (Mustela erminea) (which prey on nests and nesting females) were introduced to the south island in the late 1800s. Mohua nests are particularly vulnerable when stoat abundance increases in response to eruptions in the density of introduced house mice (Mus musculus), which in turn respond to semiperiodic (4-6year) mass seeding (masting) of beech trees. Controlling stoats only when their abundance poses a threat to Mohua fledging success would theoretically maximize the efficiency with which Mohua are protected. To better synchronize stoat control with periods of high stoat density, control could be initiated according to (1) time since last control, (2) beech seedfall, (3) mouse abundance, or (4) stoat abundance. Monitoring the three environmental cues, however, incurs costs that should be taken into account when considering their relative efficiency I derived an empirically based stochastic model that links sequential change in beech seedfall, mouse, and stoat abundance to a simple demographic model for Mohua. I used the model to contrast the relative cost-efficiency of achieving conservation outcomes for Mohua (specified in a quasi-extinction framework), initiating stoat control according to these cues. The use of environmental cues reduced the frequency with which stoat control had to be undertaken to achieve Mohua conservation outcomes by more than 50%. For some cues, however the costs of monitoring outweighed the savings that could be achieved through reduced frequency of stoat control. The interplay between costs of monitoring environmental cues and the frequency with which stoat control had to be undertaken meant that the most efficient strategy was dependent on the conservation outcome specified for Mohua. My results demonstrate the utility of bioeconomic analysis in formulation of pest management strategies to achieve conservation outcomes. PMID:16903109

Choquenot, David

2006-04-01

382

Parasitism Performance and Fitness of Cotesia vestalis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) Infected with Nosema sp. (Microsporidia: Nosematidae): Implications in Integrated Pest Management Strategy  

PubMed Central

The diamondback moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella (L.) has traditionally been managed using synthetic insecticides. However, the increasing resistance of DBM to insecticides offers an impetus to practice integrated pest management (IPM) strategies by exploiting its natural enemies such as pathogens, parasitoids, and predators. Nevertheless, the interactions between pathogens and parasitoids and/or predators might affect the effectiveness of the parasitoids in regulating the host population. Thus, the parasitism rate of Nosema-infected DBM by Cotesia vestalis (Haliday) (Hym., Braconidae) can be negatively influenced by such interactions. In this study, we investigated the effects of Nosema infection in DBM on the parasitism performance of C. vestalis. The results of no-choice test showed that C. vestalis had a higher parasitism rate on non-infected host larvae than on Nosema-treated host larvae. The C. vestalis individuals that emerged from Nosema-infected DBM (F1) and their progeny (F2) had smaller pupae, a decreased rate of emergence, lowered fecundity, and a prolonged development period compared to those of the control group. DBM infection by Nosema sp. also negatively affected the morphometrics of C. vestalis. The eggs of female C. vestalis that developed in Nosema-infected DBM were larger than those of females that developed in non-infected DBM. These detrimental effects on the F1 and F2 generations of C. vestalis might severely impact the effectiveness of combining pathogens and parasitoids as parts of an IPM strategy for DBM control. PMID:24968125

Kermani, Nadia; Abu Hassan, Zainal-Abidin; Suhaimi, Amalina; Abuzid, Ismail; Ismail, Noor Farehan; Attia, Mansour; Ghani, Idris Abd

2014-01-01

383

Perceptions of risk, risk aversion, and barriers to adoption of decision support systems and integrated pest management: An introduction  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Rational management of plant diseases, both economically and environmentally, involves assessing risks and the costs associated with both correct and incorrect management decisions to determine when control measures are warranted. Decision support systems can help to inform users of plant disease r...

384

Chemical Inventory Management at NASA Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Chemical Management System (CMS) is a client/server application developed with Power Builder and Sybase for the Lewis Research Center (LeRC). Power Builder is a client-server application development tool, Sybase is a Relational Database Management System. The entire LeRC community can access the CMS from any desktop environment. The multiple functions and benefits of the CMS are addressed.

Kraft, Shirley S.; Homan, Joseph R.; Bajorek, Michael J.; Dominguez, Manuel B.; Smith, Vanessa L.

1997-01-01

385

Cotton pest management practices and the selection of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae population in Northern Benin  

PubMed Central

Background Pyrethroid insecticides, carbamate and organophosphate are the classes of insecticides commonly used in agriculture for crop protection in Benin. Pyrethroids remain the only class of insecticides recommended by the WHO for impregnation of bed nets. Unfortunately, the high level of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l., threatens to undermine the success of pyrethroid treated nets. This study focuses on the investigation of agricultural practices in cotton growing areas, and their direct impact on larval populations of An. gambiae in surrounding breeding sites. Methods The protocol was based on the collection of agro-sociological data where farmers were subjected to semi-structured questionnaires based on the strategies used for crop protection. This was complemented by bioassay tests to assess the susceptibility of malaria vectors to various insecticides. Molecular analysis was performed to characterize the resistance genes and the molecular forms of An. gambiae. Insecticide residues in soil samples from breeding sites were investigated to determine major factors that can inhibit the normal growth of mosquito larvae by exposing susceptible and resistant laboratory strains. Results There is a common use by local farmers of mineral fertilizer NPK at 200 kg/ha and urea at 50 kg/hectare following insecticide treatments in both the Calendar Control Program (CCP) and the Targeted Intermittent Control Program (TICP). By contrast, no chemicals are involved in Biological Program (BP) where farmers use organic and natural fertilizers which include animal excreta. Susceptibility test results confirmed a high resistance to DDT. Mean mortality of An. gambiae collected from the farms practicing CCP, TICP and BP methods were 33%, 42% and 65% respectively. An. gambiae populations from areas using the CCP and TICP programs showed resistance to permethrin with mortality of 50% and 58% respectively. By contrast, bioassay test results of An. gambiae from BP areas gave a high level of susceptibility to permethrin with an average mortality of 94%. Molecular analysis identified An. gambiae s.s, and An. arabiensis with a high predominance of An. gambiae s.s (90%). The two molecular forms, M and S, were also determined with a high frequency of the S form (96%). The Kdr gene seemed the main target- site resistance mechanism detected in CCP, TICP, and BP areas at the rates ranging from 32 to 78%. The frequency of ace-1R gene was very low (< 0.1). The presence of inhibiting factors in soil samples under insecticide treatments were found and affected negatively in delaying the development of An. gambiae larval populations. Conclusions This research shows that Kdr has spread widely in An. gambiae, mainly in CCP and TICP areas where pyrethroids are extensively used. To reduce the negative impact of pesticides use in cotton crop protection, the application of BP-like programs, which do not appear to select for vector resistance would be useful. These results could serve as scientific evidence of the spread of resistance due to a massive agricultural use of insecticides and contribute to the management of pesticides usage on cotton crops hence reducing the selection pressure of insecticides on An. gambiae populations. PMID:21489266

2011-01-01

386

Pest Insect Olfaction in an Insecticide-Contaminated Environment: Info-Disruption or Hormesis Effect  

PubMed Central

Most animals, including pest insects, live in an “odor world” and depend strongly on chemical stimuli to get information on their biotic and abiotic environment. Although integrated pest management strategies including the use of insect growth regulators (IGRs) are increasingly developed, most insect pest treatments rely on neurotoxic chemicals. These molecules are known to disrupt synaptic transmission, affecting therefore sensory systems. The wide-spread use of neurotoxic insecticides and the growing use of IGRs result in residual accumulation of low concentrations in the environment. These insecticide residues could act as an “info-disruptor” by modifying the chemical communication system, and therefore decrease chances of reproduction in target insects. However, residues can also induce a non-expected hormesis effect by enhancing reproduction abilities. Low insecticide doses might thus induce adaptive processes in the olfactory pathway of target insects, favoring the development of resistance. The effect of sublethal doses of insecticides has mainly been studied in beneficial insects such as honeybees. We review here what is known on the effects of sublethal doses of insecticides on the olfactory system of insect pests. PMID:22457653

Tricoire-Leignel, Hélène; Thany, Steeve Hervé; Gadenne, Christophe; Anton, Sylvia

2012-01-01

387

Chemical composition of cottonseed affected by cropping management practices  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cottonseed is a valuable raw material for a range of food, animal feed, and industrial (such as adhesives) products. Chemical composition is one of the critical parameters to evaluate cottonseed's quality and potential end use. However, the information on the impacts of cropping management practices...

388

DEVELOPING TOOLS FOR EVALUATING RISK MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS  

EPA Science Inventory

The goal of endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) risk management (RM) is to minimize the release of EDCs into the environment or to minimize the exposure of humans or wildlife to EDCs already present in the environment. RM research projects may involve: substituting more innocuous...

389

REACH: next step to a sound chemicals management.  

PubMed

REACH is the new European Regulation for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered into force on 1st June 2007 to streamline and improve the former legislative framework on new and on existing chemical substances of the European Union. Companies which manufacture or import more than 1 tonne of a substance per year will be required to register the substance at the new EU Chemicals Agency located in Helsinki. REACH places greater responsibility on industry to manage the risks that chemicals may pose to the health and the environment and to provide safety information that will be passed down the supply chain. In principle, REACH applies to all chemicals as such, as components in preparations and as used in articles. REACH is a radical step forward in the EU chemicals management. The onus will move from the authorities to industry. In addition, REACH will allow the further evaluation of substances where there are grounds for concern, foresees an authorisation system for the use of substances of very high concern and a system of restrictions, where applicable, for substances of concern. The Authorisation system will require companies to switch progressively to safer alternatives where a suitable alternative exists. Current use restrictions will remain under REACH system. PMID:17637708

Van der Wielen, Arnold

2007-12-01

390

Invasions on Large and Small Scales: Management of a Well-established Crop Pest, the Colorado Potato Beetle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the movement of invading organisms is critical to predicting invasion dynamics. The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is an invasive species on multiple spatial and temporal scales, and can serve as a model for studies of invasion dynamics. It is the major insect defoliator of potato in North America, and successful management requires an understanding of CPB invasions

Mitchell B. Baker; David N. Ferro; Adam H. Porter

2001-01-01

391

Invasions on large and small scales: management of a well-established crop pest, the Colorado potato beetle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the movement of invading organisms is critical to predicting invasion dynamics. The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is an invasive species on multiple spatial and temporal scales, and can serve as a model for studies of invasion dynamics. It is the major insect defoliator of potato in North America, and successful management requires an understanding of CPB invasions

Mitchell B. Baker; David N. Ferro; Adam H. Porter

2001-01-01

392

A Pest of Importance  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Potato cyst nematodes (PCN), G. rostochiensis and G. pallida, are internationally-recognized quarantine pests and considered the most devastating pests of potatoes worldwide. PCNs continue to spread throughout North America and were recently detected in Idaho (G. pallida) and Quebec and Alberta, Can...

393

Corn Insect Pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Historically, the major corn insect pests have been corn rootworms (northern and western), European corn borer, and black cutworm. Bt-corn hybrids are effective against most of these pests. However, Bt-corn hybrids are not effective against corn leaf aphid, corn root aphid, sap beetles, corn rootwor...

394

Population structure of Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) between river basins in Burkina Faso: consequences for area-wide integrated pest management.  

PubMed

African animal trypanosomosis is a major obstacle to the development of more efficient and sustainable livestock production systems in West Africa. Riverine tsetse species such as Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank are their major vectors. A wide variety of control tactics is available to manage these vectors, but their elimination will only be sustainable if control is exercised following area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) principles, i.e. the control effort is targeting an entire tsetse population within a circumscribed area. In the present study, genetic variation at microsatellite DNA loci was used to examine the population structure of G. p. gambiensis inhabiting two adjacent river basins, i.e. the Comoé and the Mouhoun River basins in Burkina Faso. A remote sensing analysis revealed that the woodland savannah habitats between the river basins have remained unchanged during the last two decades. In addition, genetic variation was studied in two populations that were separated by a man-made lake originating from a dam built in 1991 on the Comoé. Low genetic differentiation was observed between the samples from the Mouhoun and the Comoé River basins and no differentiation was found between the samples separated by the dam. The data presented indicate that the overall genetic differentiation of G. p. gambiensis populations inhabiting two adjacent river basins in Burkina Faso is low (F(ST)=0.016). The results of this study suggest that either G. p. gambiensis populations from the Mouhoun are not isolated from those of the Comoé, or that the isolation is too recent to be detected. If elimination of the G. p. gambiensis population from the Mouhoun River basin is the selected control strategy, re-invasion from adjacent river basins may need to be prevented by establishing a buffer zone between the Mouhoun and the other river basin(s). PMID:20060501

Bouyer, Jérémy; Ravel, Sophie; Guerrini, Laure; Dujardin, Jean-Pierre; Sidibé, Issa; Vreysen, Marc J B; Solano, Philippe; De Meeûs, Thierry

2010-03-01

395

Chrysomelids American diabroticines Hosts and natural enemies. Biology-feasibility for control of pest species (Crisomelidos Diabroticinos americanos Hospederos y enemigos naturales Biologia y factibili manejo especies plagas  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The chrysomelids in the Diabroticites include some of the most important pest species of the American continent. The chemical and management techniques used to date to control them are: crop rotation to prevent re-infection of host crops, especially in the species that display an egg diapause; insec...

396

Quantifying Russian wheat aphid pest intensity across the Great Plains.  

PubMed

Wheat, the most important cereal crop in the Northern Hemisphere, is at-risk for an approximate 10% reduction in worldwide production because of animal pests. The potential economic impact of cereal crop pests has resulted in substantial research efforts into the understanding of pest agroecosystems and development of pest management strategy. Management strategy is informed frequently by models that describe the population dynamics of important crop pests and because of the economic impact of these pests, many models have been developed. Yet, limited effort has ensued to compare and contrast models for their strategic applicability and quality. One of the most damaging pests of wheat in North America is the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov). Eighteen D. noxia population dynamic models were developed from the literature to describe pest intensity. The strongest models quantified the negative effects of fall and spring precipitation on aphid intensity, and the positive effects associated with alternate food source availability. Population dynamic models were transformed into spatially explicit models and combined to form a spatially explicit, model-averaged result. Our findings were used to delineate pest intensity on winter wheat across much of the Great Plains and will help improve D. noxia management strategy. PMID:23321099

Merrill, Scott C; Peairs, Frank B

2012-12-01

397

Chemical Waste Management for the Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Management of hazardous chemical wastes generated as a part of the curriculum poses a significant task for the individual responsible for maintaining compliance with all rules and regulations from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Transportation while maintaining the principles of OSHA's Lab Standard and the Hazard Communication Standard. For schools that generate relatively small quantities of waste, an individual can effectively manage the waste program without becoming overly burdened by the EPA regulations required for those generating large quantities of waste, if given the necessary support from the institution.

Zimmer, Steven W.

1999-06-01

398

Chemical and ecotoxicological guidelines for managing disposal of dredged material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different conventions around the world have produced guidelines for the disposal of dredged material (e.g., London Convention 1972 (LC) (www.Londonconvention.org); Oslo\\/Paris Convention (OSPAR) (www.ospar.org); and, the Helsinki and Barcelona Conventions). They suggest the use of different methodologies from physico-chemical to biological approaches to the management of different routes of disposal or uses of the dredged material.Most of these conventions propose

J. Blasco

2004-01-01

399

NSF-Sponsored Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocean biogeochemistry and marine ecosystem research projects are inherently interdisciplinary and benefit from improved access to well-documented data. Improved data sharing practices are important to the continued exploration of research themes that are a central focus of the ocean science community and are essential to interdisciplinary and international collaborations that address complex, global research themes. In 2006, the National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE) funded the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) to serve the data management requirements of scientific investigators funded by the National Science Foundation’s Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections. BCO-DMO staff members work with investigators to manage marine biogeochemical, ecological, and oceanographic data and information developed in the course of scientific research. These valuable data sets are documented, stored, disseminated, and protected over short and intermediate time frames. One of the goals of the BCO-DMO is to facilitate regional, national, and international data and information exchange through improved data discovery, access, display, downloading, and interoperability. In May 2010, NSF released a statement to the effect that in October 2010, it is planning to require that all proposals include a data management plan in the form of a two-page supplementary document. The data management plan would be an element of the merit review process. NSF has long been committed to making data from NSF-funded research publicly available and the new policy will strengthen this commitment. BCO-DMO is poised to assist in creating the data management plans and in ultimately serving the data and information resulting from NSF OCE funded research. We will present an overview of the data management system capabilities including: geospatial and text-based data discovery and access systems; recent enhancements to data search tools; data export and download utilities; and strategic use of controlled vocabularies to facilitate data integration and improve interoperability.

Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Copley, N.; Galvarino, C.; Gegg, S. R.; Glover, D. M.; Groman, R. C.; Wiebe, P. H.; Work, T. T.; Biological; Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office

2010-12-01

400

Global Crop Pests Identification and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the Cornell Institute for Food, Agriculture, and Development contains a newly developed prototype of the "Global Crop Pest Identification and Information Services in Integrated Pest Management (IPM)." Available in English and Spanish, this online guide aims to "increase crop pest diagnosis and IPM information capability among extensionists and farmers of developing countries." Users can search the site by crop or pest name; for example, clicking on a particular crop name will pull up detailed information regarding that crop's diseases and pest species, which in turn links to additional pages of information and photographs. This site is easy to use, and the photos should make identification a relatively easy task as well. In addition to extension agents and farmers, this Web site would be a useful pest identification guide for gardeners, as many of the crop species listed are garden variety vegetables. Users should be aware that this project is a work in progress, and therefore not all species listed have information available online at the moment.

401

Field evaluation of integrated pest management-compatible pesticides for the citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its parasitoid Ageniaspis citricola (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  

PubMed

Potentially selective and integrated pest management (IPM)-compatible pesticides for the citrus leafminer Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton and its parasitoid Ageniaspis citricola Logvinovskaya were compared under nursery field conditions at Gainesville, FL. In 1996, replicated blocks of young grapefruit trees were treated with 2% petroleum oil and 1 x the lowest recommended field rate (LRFR) of diflubenzuron + oil (0.4%). Untreated and treated controls (avermectin at 1 x the LRFR + oil) were included. In 1997, blocks were treated with oil (3%), 1 x the LRFR of azadirachtin + oil, 1 x the LRFR of diflubenzuron + oil and 0.1 x the LRFR of avermectin + oil. Untreated and treated controls were again included. Oil at 3%, azadirachtin at 1 x the LRFR + 0.4% of oil, and diflubenzuron at 1 x the LRFR + 0.4% of oil were shown to be IPM-compatible pesticides. In 1997, these blocks had fewer mines per leaf and P. citrella pupae parasitized by A. citricola per total leaves sampled compared with the untreated control but more than the treated control (alpha = 0.05). Avermectin at 0.1 x the LRFR + 0.4% of oil was not considered an IPM-compatible pesticide because, while it reduced the number of P. citrella mines per leaf, it reduced the number of A. citricola to levels as low as the treated control. Actual P. citrella infestation levels had no detectable effect on tree growth and vigor. Pesticide applications were not justified when P. citrella infestations were < 1 mine per leaf and the biological control agent A. citricola was present. PMID:10826186

Villanueva-Jiménez, J A; Hoy, M A; Davies, F S

2000-04-01

402

GENE STACKING FOR DURABLE PEST RESISTANCE IN SUGARBEET ROOTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We are exploring novel approaches for managing sugar beet root pests. Our goal is to gain new knowledge of root defense response mechanisms that could be more broadly applied for control of plant pests and pathogens. Using the sugar beet root maggot (SBRM, Tetanops myopaeformis) and sugarbeet as a...

403

PESTE Analysis of the Romanian National Passenger Airline  

Microsoft Academic Search

A PESTE analysis is a view over the external environment of a company, business or an economical sector, and it plays an important part in the resource management and in a future decision making process. PESTE analysis places emphasis on the impact of each factor. At international level, different structures, from the governmental ones to well-known companies and not only,

Dan Pauna

2011-01-01

404

Control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Key pecan insect pests include the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae, black pecan aphid, Melanocallis caryaefoliae, and stink bugs. Alternative control tactics are needed for management of these pests in organic and conventional systems. Our objective was to evaluate the potential utility of several a...

405

Chemical constraints of groundwater management in the Yucatan peninsula, Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two critical objectives of water management in the Yucatan are: (1) to develop regional groundwater supplies for an expanding population and tourism based on the Mayan archeological sites and excellent beaches; and (2) to control groundwater pollution in a chemically sensitive system made vulnerable by geologic conditions. The Yucatan peninsula is a coastal plain underlain by permeable limestone and has an annual rainfall of more than 1000 mm. Such a setting should provide abundant supplies of water; however, factors of climate and hydrogeology have combined to form a hydrologic system with chemical boundaries that decrease the amount of available fresh water. Management of water resources has long had a major influence on the cultural and economic development of the Yucatan. The Mayan culture of the northern Yucatan developed by extensive use of groundwater. The religion was water-oriented and the Mayan priests prayed to Chac, the water god, for assistance in water management primarily to decrease the severity of droughts. The Spaniards arrived in 1517 and augmented the supplies by digging wells, which remained the common practice for more than 300 years. Many wells now have been abandoned because of serious problems of pollution resulting from the use of a sewage disposal well adjacent to each supply well. The modern phase of water management began in 1959 when the Secretaría de Recursos Hidráulicos (S.R.H.) was charged with the responsibility for both scientific investigations and development programmes for water-supply and sewage-disposal systems for cities, villages and islands.

Back, W.; Lesser, J. M.

1981-05-01

406

Pest Risk Analysis for Hymenoscyphus  

E-print Network

Pest Risk Analysis for Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus for the UK and the Republic of Ireland #12;2 PRA for Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus C.E. Sansford 23rd May 2013 Pest Risk Analysis Pest Risk Analysis for Hymenoscyphus (Kowalski and Holdenrieder, 2009). 1 Please cite this document as: Sansford, CE (2013). Pest Risk Analysis

407

Important Insect Pests of Fruit - Important Insect Pests of Nuts - Field Crop Insect Pests - Insect Pests of Vegetable Crops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of four agriculture extension service publications from Pennsylvania State University. The titles are: (1) Important Insect Pests of Fruit; (2) Important Insect Pests of Nuts; (3) Field Crop Insect Pests; and (4) Insect Pests of Vegetable Crops. The first publication gives the hosts, injury, and description of 22 insect…

Gesell, Stanley G.; And Others

408

Cross-pollination of nontransgenic corn ears with transgenic Bt corn: efficacy against lepidopteran pests and implications for resistance management.  

PubMed

The efficacy of nontransgenic sweet corn, Zea mays L., hybrids cross-pollinated by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) sweet corn hybrids expressing Cry1Ab toxin was evaluated in both field and laboratory studies in Minnesota in 2000. Non-Bt and Bt hybrids (maternal plants) were cross-pollinated with pollen from both non-Bt and Bt hybrids (paternal plants) to create four crosses. Subsequent crosses were evaluated for efficacy in the field against European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), and corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), and in laboratory bioassays against O. nubilalis. Field studies indicated that crosses with maternal Bt plants led to low levels of survival for both O. nubilalis and H. zea compared with the non-Bt x non-Bt cross. However, the cross between non-Bt ears and Bt pollen led to survival rates of 43 and 63% for O. nubilalis and H. zea larvae, respectively. This intermediate level of survival also was reflected in the number of kernels damaged. Laboratory bioassays for O. nubilalis, further confirmed field results with larval survival on kernels from the cross between non-Bt ears and Bt pollen reaching 60% compared with non-Bt crossed with non-Bt. These results suggest that non-Bt refuge plants, when planted in proximity to Bt plants, and cross-pollinated, can result in sublethal exposure of O. nubilalis and H. zea larvae to Bt and may undermine the high-dose/refuge resistance management strategy for corn hybrids expressing Cry1Ab. PMID:22066174

Burkness, E C; O'Rourke, P K; Hutchison, W D

2011-10-01

409

Insect Pests of Field Crops. MP-28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document addresses the principles of field crop insect control through biological, mechanical, and chemical processes. Identification, life history, damage, pesticides, pesticide use and environmental considerations are presented for the major pests of corn, alfalfa, beans, small grains, sugar beets, and potatoes. Each section is accompanied…

Burkhardt, Chris C.

410

Feeding Attractants for Pest Tephritid Fruit Flies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Adult tephritids require sugar to ensure survival and females require protein to ensure fecundity. This strong protein requirement has been exploited to develop trapping systems for pest tephritids. Traps baited with liquid protein solutions or synthetic lures based on chemical cues from protein a...

411

Chemical risk management strategies for product stewardship and community partnership  

SciTech Connect

With the recent enactments of the environment, health and safety statutes, the once protective walls of an industrial facility are opening to the scrutiny of an inquisitive public. Indeed, the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), Process Safety Management under OSHA 1910.119, and Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments impose substantial reporting requirements under the auspices of community right to know'' and require written program plans that must be submitted to become public documents. Through these Acts, the public and industry are becoming partners in the understanding and management of human health and environmental risks posed by the chemical inventories, processes, and emissions from an industrial facility. The types of information required by the Act to be available to the public can include quantities, locations, process throughputs, environmental fates, and emissions volumes of manufacturer-specific chemicals for certain industrial facilities. With their implementation of compliance measures with these requirements, industrial facilities have an opportunity to become a public educator about the chemicals they use in the process of making their products. By proactively soliciting a partnership with communities to learn about their concerns, companies can more effectively communicate risks to the public and provide a new kind of stewardship to their products.

Armstrong, C.E. (Dames and Moore, Raleigh, NC (United States))

1993-01-01

412

James W. Byler-2/ Abstract: The Pest Damage Inventory (PDI) is a survey  

E-print Network

measures the damage from a l l pests i n one integrating dwarf mistletoe treatments into survey, rather surveys have been completed t o date. Results show t h a t dwarf mistletoe is a major contributor t o t r must integrate treatments f o r the e n t i r e pest complex. Pest management prescriptions should

Standiford, Richard B.

413

The importance of economic injury levels in the development of integrated pest control programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Although economic injury levels have long been considered of importance in determining the needs for pest control measures, they take on added significance in integrated pest control programs. The designation of damage tolerance levels defines the goals of the integrated control effort. These management goals should be defined in terms of damage not numbers of pests. Although insect numbers

Ray F. Smith

1969-01-01

414

Nutrient Management TrainingNutrient Management Training for Technical Service Providersfor Technical Service Providers  

E-print Network

to Water Quality", and "Nutrient & Pest Management ModulesQuality", and "Nutrient & Pest Management ModulesNutrient Management TrainingNutrient Management Training for Technical Service Providersfor Management Planning Technical Guidance.Management Planning Technical Guidance. Manure and Wastewater Handling

415

Sustainable Biocontrol of Apple Insect Pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Biocontrol of insect pests is a cornerstone to sustainable production of apples and other crops. The ecology of orchards lends itself to the application of many management options which will enhance the sustainability of biocontrol. Orchards remain in place for decades, allowing for an evolution o...

416

Insect Pests Models and Insecticide Application  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the past, the dominant approach in theoretical pest management ecology has emphasized the use of simple analytical or mathematical models and the analysis of systems in equilibrium. Recent advancements in computer technology have provided the opportunity for ecological insect modelers to move aw...

417

Assessment and management of chemical coping in patients with cancer.  

PubMed

Chemical coping is a working definition that describes patients' intake of opioids on a scale that spans the range between normal nonaddictive opioid use for pain all the way to opioid addiction. Most patients will fall somewhere between the two extremes in using opioid analgesics to cope with their psychological or spiritual distress. The degree to which patients use their medications in a maladaptive manner will determine their susceptibility to drug toxicity and harm. When there are no obvious cancer-related causes for increased pain intensity, chemical coping and other patient-related factors such as delirium, somatization, and depression should be considered. As part of the initial evaluation of patients with cancer-related pain, a brief screening tool such as the CAGE questionnaire should be used to identify patients who may be at risk for chemical coping. Identifying patients at risk will allow clinicians to avoid unnecessary opioid toxicity, control pain, and improve quality of life. A structured approach for managing opioid use should be adopted, including standardized documentation, opioid treatment agreements, urine drug screens, frequent visits, and restricted quantities of breakthrough opioids. All patients at risk should receive brief motivational interviewing with an objective, nonjudgmental, and empathic style that includes personalized feedback, particularly about markers of risk or harm. For chemical copers approaching the addiction end of the spectrum, with evidence of compulsive use and destructive behavior, referral should be made to substance abuse specialists. PMID:24799476

Del Fabbro, Egidio

2014-06-01

418

Propellant management for low thrust chemical propulsion systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Low-thrust chemical propulsion systems (LTPS) will be required for orbital transfer of large space systems (LSS). The work reported in this paper was conducted to determine the propellant requirements, preferred propellant management technique, and propulsion system sizes for the LTPS. Propellants were liquid oxygen (LO2) combined with liquid hydrogen (LH2), liquid methane or kerosene. Thrust levels of 100, 500, and 1000 lbf were combined with 1, 4, and 8 perigee burns for transfer from low earth orbit to geosynchronous earth orbit. This matrix of systems was evaluated with a multilayer insulation (MLI) or a spray-on-foam insulation. Vehicle sizing results indicate that a toroidal tank configuration is needed for the LO2/LH2 system. Multiple perigee burns and MLI allow far superior LSS payload capability. Propellant settling, combined with a single screen device, was found to be the lightest and least complex propellant management technique.

Hamlyn, K. M.; Dergance, R. H.; Aydelott, J. C.

1981-01-01

419

Comparative evaluation of phenoloxidase in different larval stages of four lepidopteran pests after exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Some lepidopteran insects are important agricultural pests, causing serious crop damage. Microbial entomopathogen-based bioinsecticides are considered effective pest control alternatives to synthetic chemicals. However, insects can defend against pathogens by innate mechanisms, including phenoloxi...

420

Chemical constraints of groundwater management in the Yucatan peninsula, Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Two critical objectives of water management in the Yucatan are: (1) to develop regional groundwater supplies for an expanding population and tourism based on the Mayan archeological sites and excellent beaches; and (2) to control groundwater pollution in a chemically sensitive system made vulnerable by geologic conditions. The Yucatan peninsula is a coastal plain underlain by permeable limestone and has an annual rainfall of more than 1000 mm. Such a setting should provide abundant supplies of water; however, factors of climate and hydrogeology have combined to form a hydrologic system with chemical boundaries that decrease the amount of available fresh water. Management of water resources has long had a major influence on the cultural and economic development of the Yucatan. The Mayan culture of the northern Yucatan developed by extensive use of groundwater. The religion was water-oriented and the Mayan priests prayed to Chac, the water god, for assistance in water management primarily to decrease the severity of droughts. The Spaniards arrived in 1517 and augmented the supplies by digging wells, which remained the common practice for more than 300 years. Many wells now have been abandoned because of serious problems of pollution resulting from the use of a sewage disposal well adjacent to each supply well. The modern phase of water management began in 1959 when the Secretari??a de Recursos Hidra??ulicos (S.R.H.) was charged with the responsibility for both scientific investigations and development programmes for water-supply and sewage-disposal systems for cities, villages and islands. ?? 1981.

Back, W.; Lesser, J.M.

1981-01-01

421

Management of plant pathogens and pests using microbial biological control agents. In: Trigiano, R.N. and Ownley, B.H., editors. Plant Pathology Concepts and Laboratory Exercises  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

All parts of plants face continual attack by plant pathogens and insects. Some insects are vectors of pathogens. Plant pests can be controlled by a variety of methods including application of pesticides but one of the most stainable and environmentally friendly approaches is biological control. Mic...

422

Serological investigation of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in small ruminants managed under pastoral and agro-pastoral systems in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-sectional study to investigate Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) seroprevalence was conducted between October 2009 and April 2010 in Gambella and Afar regions of Ethiopia. A total of 1163 serum samples were collected from 251 sheep and 912 goats. Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (c-ELISA) was used to detect the presence of antibodies in the sera of animals as

B. Megersa; D. Biffa; T. Belina; E. Debela; A. Regassa; F. Abunna; T. Rufael; S. M. Stubsjøen; E. Skjerve

2011-01-01

423

Management of insect pests of soybean: effects of sowing date and intercropping on damage and grain yield in the Nigerian Sudan savanna  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field trials were carried out during the 2001–2002 cropping seasons at Maiduguri, Nigeria, to determine the effects of defoliation and pod damage by insect pests on grain yield of soybean. The factorial experiments consisted of four sowing dates (31 July, 7, 14 and 21 August in 2001 and 21 and 28 July and 4 and 11 August in 2002), four

B. M. Sastawa; M. Lawan; Y. T. Maina

2004-01-01

424

DEVELOPMENT OF THE STERILE INSECT TECHNIQUE TO MANAGE AN INVASIVE INSECT PEST, CACTOBLASTIS CACTORUM, ATTACKING PRICKLY PEAR CACTUS IN QUINTANA ROO, MEXICO, AND SOUTHEASTERN USA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The most successful classical biological control of weeds program has been the control of invasive prickly-pear cactus (Opuntia spp.) by the Argentine cactus moth Cactoblastis cactorum. However, the moth has now become an invasive pest in the southeastern USA and its ability to dramatically control ...

425

Managing Insect and Mite Pests  

E-print Network

an infestation with insecticides when preventive methods are not fully effective and sampling justifies the need METHODS .............................................7 Seed insecticide treatments ............................................7 Soil insecticide treatments ............................................ 7 Foliar and grain head

Mukhtar, Saqib

426

Natural Products for Pest Management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Most organisms synthesize secondary products with biological activity that is useful in their defense. Defense can be against vertebrates, arthropods, mollusks, plants (both algal and higher plants), and microbes. Many of these compounds have been used from ancient times to the present as pharmace...

427

NATURAL PRODUCTS FOR PEST MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The topic of natural products as pesticides is reviewed, with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of adopting a natural product-based strategy for pesticide discovery. Current and past natural product and natural product-based herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, molluscicides, rodent...

428

Insect Pest Management in Virginia  

E-print Network

Williams, Chesapeake Randy & Lance Everett, Dinwiddie Co. George Reiter, Dinwiddie Co. Greg Jenkins, Virginia Beach Edward Winslow, Belvidere, NC Gary Respass, Beaufort Co., NC Barry Bryant, Jackson, NC Kelly

Liskiewicz, Maciej

429

Texas Poultry Pest Control Practices  

E-print Network

A 1996 survey of 242 Texas poultry operators found that fire ants and darling beetles have emerged as major pests in the industry. Survey results included types of poultry operations, pests, control methods and needs, and differences in operations...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Carey, John B.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

1999-06-01

430

Research on the Chemical Logistics Management Information Platform Based on Internet of Things  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared with logistics of ordinary things, Chemical Logistics is flammable, explosive, toxic and corrosive and other characteristics. Storage and transport of specialty chemicals has inevitably brought a series of serious problems and potential problems because of its particularity, so the safety of chemical logistics management is very important. How to achieve real-time monitoring chemical logistics process, researchers and logistics operators

Hehua Li; Yahui Liu

2010-01-01

431

Significance of Penicillium ochrochloron chitinase as a biocontrol agent against pest Helicoverpa armigera.  

PubMed

Penicillium ochrochloron chitinase purified by DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography was evaluated for its antifeedant and growth inhibitory activities against Helicoverpa armigera at different concentrations of 2000, 1000, 500, 250 and 100UmL(-1). It reduced the successful pupation and increased larval and pupal mortality, adult emergence in a dosage-dependent manner when applied topically. The highest mortalities were recorded for groups treated with 2000UmL(-1) chitinase activity. The studies showed P.ochrochloron chitinase can affect the growth of H.armigera larvae. Since this insect pest species has developed resistance and resurgence to chemical insecticides, only alternate is the usage of enzyme-based pesticide formulations as an environmentally friendly pest management tool. PMID:25723715

Patil, Nilambari S; Jadhav, Jyoti P

2015-06-01

432

Essential oils nanoformulations for stored-product pest control - characterization and biological properties.  

PubMed

The lethal and sublethal activity of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) nanoparticles containing essential oils (EO), also the physicochemical characterization, were determined against Tribolium castaneum and Rhizopertha dominica. The 10% ratio EO-PEG nanoparticles showed an average diameter<235 nm (PDI<0.280) and a loading efficacy>75%; after 6 month of storage their size did not change significantly and the amount of the EOs decreased 25%, approximately. Furthermore, during this period, no chemical derivates were observed. The EOs nanoparticles produced a notable increase of the residual contact toxicity apparently due to the slow and persistent release of the active terpenes. In addition, the nanoformulation enhanced the EO contact toxicity and altered the nutritional physiology of both stored product pest. The results indicated that these novel systems could be used in integrated pest management program for T. castaneum and R. dominica control. PMID:24359912

Werdin González, Jorge Omar; Gutiérrez, María Mercedes; Ferrero, Adriana Alicia; Fernández Band, Beatriz

2014-04-01

433

77 FR 66638 - The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals; Extension of the Office...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OSHA-2012-0039] The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals...specified in the Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals...Title: The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous...

2012-11-06

434

Vegetable Crop Pests. MEP 311.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a cooperative extension service series by the University of Maryland, this publication introduces the identification and control of common agricultural pests of vegetable crops. The first of the five sections defines "pest" and "weed" and generally introduces different kinds of pests in the categories of insects, weeds, and diseases.…

Kantzes, James G.; And Others

435

Fruit Crop Pests. MEP 312.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a cooperative extension service series by the University of Maryland this publication introduces the identification and control of common agricultural pests of fruit crops. The first of the five sections defines "pest" and "weed" and generally introduces different kinds of pests in the categories of insects, weeds, and diseases. Also in…

Weaver, Leslie O.; And Others

436

Moving plants means moving pests  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The ornamentals industry must recognize not only that it is at direct risk from invasive species and resistant pests, but also that there is increased public awareness about the movement of any pest species on ornamental plants, and increased concern that these pests will move from ornamental plants...

437

The War Against Pests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Insecticides should not be the only weapons of war used against pests; in addition to them, a strategy aimed at winning the millenial warfare should combine the tactical use of natural plant enemies, reinforced plant genetic qualities, and the application of adequate ecological techniques. (BL)

Smith, Ray F.

1973-01-01

438

Bioprocessing applications in the management of nuclear and chemical wastes  

SciTech Connect

The projected requirements for waste management and environmental restoration activities within the United States will probably cost tens of billions of dollars annually during the next two decades. Expenditures of this magnitude clearly have the potential to affect the international competitiveness of many US industries and the continued operation of many federal facilities. It is argued that the costs of implementing current technology will be too high unless the standards and schedules for compliance are relaxed. Since this is socially unacceptable, efforts to improve the efficiency of existing technologies and to develop new technologies should be pursued. A sizable research, development, and demonstration effort can be easily justified if the potential for reducing costs can be shown. Bioprocessing systems for the treatment of nuclear and chemically hazardous wastes offer such promise. 11 refs.

Genung, R.K.

1988-01-01

439

Unexpected Effects of Low Doses of a Neonicotinoid Insecticide on Behavioral Responses to Sex Pheromone in a Pest Insect  

PubMed Central

In moths, which include many agricultural pest species, males are attracted by female-emitted sex pheromones. Although integrated pest management strategies are increasingly developed, most insect pest treatments rely on widespread use of neurotoxic chemicals, including neonicotinoid insecticides. Residual accumulation of low concentrations of these insecticides in the environment is known to be harmful to beneficial insects such as honey bees. This environmental stress probably acts as an “info-disruptor” by modifying the chemical communication system, and therefore decreases chances of reproduction in target insects that largely rely on olfactory communication. However, low doses of pollutants could on the contrary induce adaptive processes in the olfactory pathway, thus enhancing reproduction. Here we tested the effects of acute oral treatments with different low doses of the neonicotinoid clothianidin on the behavioral responses to sex pheromone in the moth Agrotis ipsilon using wind tunnel experiments. We show that low doses of clothianidin induce a biphasic effect on pheromone-guided behavior. Surprisingly, we found a hormetic-like effect, improving orientation behavior at the LD20 dose corresponding to 10 ng clothianidin. On the contrary, a negative effect, disturbing orientation behavior, was elicited by a treatment with a dose below the LD0 dose corresponding to 0.25 ng clothianidin. No clothianidin effect was observed on behavioral responses to plant odor. Our results indicate that risk assessment has to include unexpected effects of residues on the life history traits of pest insects, which could then lead to their adaptation to environmental stress. PMID:25517118

Rabhi, Kaouther K.; Esancy, Kali; Voisin, Anouk; Crespin, Lucille; Le Corre, Julie; Tricoire-Leignel, Hélène; Anton, Sylvia; Gadenne, Christophe

2014-01-01

440

Computational thermal, chemical, fluid, and solid mechanics for geosystems management.  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes research performed under the SNL LDRD entitled - Computational Mechanics for Geosystems Management to Support the Energy and Natural Resources Mission. The main accomplishment was development of a foundational SNL capability for computational thermal, chemical, fluid, and solid mechanics analysis of geosystems. The code was developed within the SNL Sierra software system. This report summarizes the capabilities of the simulation code and the supporting research and development conducted under this LDRD. The main goal of this project was the development of a foundational capability for coupled thermal, hydrological, mechanical, chemical (THMC) simulation of heterogeneous geosystems utilizing massively parallel processing. To solve these complex issues, this project integrated research in numerical mathematics and algorithms for chemically reactive multiphase systems with computer science research in adaptive coupled solution control and framework architecture. This report summarizes and demonstrates the capabilities that were developed together with the supporting research underlying the models. Key accomplishments are: (1) General capability for modeling nonisothermal, multiphase, multicomponent flow in heterogeneous porous geologic materials; (2) General capability to model multiphase reactive transport of species in heterogeneous porous media; (3) Constitutive models for describing real, general geomaterials under multiphase conditions utilizing laboratory data; (4) General capability to couple nonisothermal reactive flow with geomechanics (THMC); (5) Phase behavior thermodynamics for the CO2-H2O-NaCl system. General implementation enables modeling of other fluid mixtures. Adaptive look-up tables enable thermodynamic capability to other simulators; (6) Capability for statistical modeling of heterogeneity in geologic materials; and (7) Simulator utilizes unstructured grids on parallel processing computers.

Davison, Scott; Alger, Nicholas; Turner, Daniel Zack; Subia, Samuel Ramirez; Carnes, Brian; Martinez, Mario J.; Notz, Patrick K.; Klise, Katherine A.; Stone, Charles Michael; Field, Richard V., Jr.; Newell, Pania; Jove-Colon, Carlos F.; Red-Horse, John Robert; Bishop, Joseph E.; Dewers, Thomas A.; Hopkins, Polly L.; Mesh, Mikhail; Bean, James E.; Moffat, Harry K.; Yoon, Hongkyu

2011-09-01

441

Dynamic Project and Workflow Management for Design Processes in Chemical Engineering  

E-print Network

Dynamic Project and Workflow Management for Design Processes in Chemical Engineering Markus Heller difficult to manage the workflow in design processes, i.e., to coordinate the effort of experts working project and workflow manage- ment systems support the management of design processes only to a limited

Westfechtel, Bernhard

442

Control and Coordination Research & Integrated Management System Development of Chemical Engineering Project Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integration and Informatization management of engineering project is the effective way to improve project management. How to use the limited resource and the lowest cost to implement integrated management is the goal of the project manager. On the ground of analyzing characteristics of modern chemical engineering project design, This paper focuses on quality control, progress control and coordination control of

Xiajie Jin; Caixin Lin

2010-01-01

443

Sigma Chemical's environmental management system -- A case study  

SciTech Connect

Sigma Chemical Company (Sigma) is a world leader in the production of biochemicals and reagents for life science research. The Environmental Services requirement to be able to handle a wide variety of environmental data is challenging. To meet this task Sigma turned to develop in-house a state-of-the-art environmental management system. Sigma's environmental management system is a custom developed intranet web and PC-based Windows system. The system utilizes the company's intranet to allow individuals in a web application to fill out a request form to alert Environmental Services of material ready for pick-up. Environmental Services personnel collect and contain the material and use portable handheld barcode scanners to record the information. The system is then used to track material in different storage locations as well as to build and print manifests. A costing module also allows processing and disposal charges to be issued back to the various departments from which the materials were collected. The fluid integration of this system into the Environmental Services business practices has allowed this department to streamline their operation and to process and manifest more material than thought was possible. The system is also very dynamic and easily modified to incorporate new modules to help increase efficiency.

Evans, R.; Takacs, J.; Olsson, P.

1999-07-01

444

Setting thresholds for pest control: how does pest density affect resource viability?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conservation in New Zealand is largely focused on reducing the impact introduced mammals have on the abundance of indigenous species. Conservation managers have a range of strategies they can employ to control these pests, but the combination that maximises conservation gains depends on the protection each strategy affords, and the scale at which it can be applied. Given a limited

David Choquenot; John Parkes

2001-01-01

445

Automatic monitoring of insect pests in stored grain  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Manual sampling of insects in stored grain is a laborious and time consuming process. Automation of grain sampling should help to increase the adoption of stored-grain integrated pest management. To make accurate insect management decisions, managers need to know both the insect species and numbers ...

446

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 11 Empty Container Decision Tree  

E-print Network

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 11 Empty Container Decision hazard? Rinse the container and manage the rinsate as a hazardous waste. Put a H azardous W aste label Tree Chemical waste materials must be handled as hazardous unless they are on the Non-Hazardous Waste

Ford, James

447

Stored Product Pest Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic gallery containing 81 images of pests of stored products, including eggs, larvae and pupae and damage photos. Mites, beetles, moths, and psocids are included. A web browser and CD-ROM drive are required to view the images. Images are of high quality and the accompanying text is generally accurate and informative. The larval lesser mealworm is mis-captioned as an adult. Navigation of the images is easy.

0000-00-00

448

Vegetable Pests II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic gallery containing 96 images of pests that attack vegetables, including adults, pupae, larvae, and eggs; and what the insect damage looks like. Covers mites, true bugs, hoppers, whiteflies, aphids, grasshoppers, crickets, and thrips. Most of the images are of good quality; some are exceptional. Some images depict frequently photographed insects, but several are unique. Images are offered in 3 resolutions and file formats. Requires a CD-ROM drive and a web browser.

0000-00-00

449

A method of multiplex PCR for detection of field released Beauveria bassiana, a fungal entomopathogen applied for pest management in jute (Corchorus olitorius).  

PubMed

The fungal entomopathogen Beauveria bassiana is a promising biocontrol agent for many pests. Some B. bassiana strains have been found effective against jute pests. To monitor the survival of field released B. bassiana a rapid and efficient detection technique is essential. Conventional methods such as plating method or direct culture method which are based on cultivation on selective media followed by microscopy are time consuming and not so sensitive. PCR based methods are rapid, sensitive and reliable. A single primer PCR may fail to amplify some of the strains. However, multiplex PCR increases the possibility of detection as it uses multiple primers. Therefore, in the present investigation a multiplex PCR protocol was developed by multiplexing three primers SCA 14, SCA 15 and SCB 9 to detect field released B. bassiana strains from soil as well as foliage of jute field. Using our multiplex PCR protocol all the five B. bassiana strains could be detected from soil and three strains viz., ITCC 6063, ITCC 4563 and ITCC 4796 could be detected even from the crop foliage after 45 days of spray. PMID:25680421

Biswas, Chinmay; Dey, Piyali; Gotyal, B S; Satpathy, Subrata

2015-04-01

450

FLEX: AN EXPERT SYSTEM FOR REVIEWING THE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE OF FLEXIBLE MEMBRANE LINERS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

A computerized, expert system (FLEX) has been developed that will assess the chemical resistance of flexible membrane liners (FML) used at waste management facilities. hese FML's must be chemically resistant to the waste, its leachates, or both. o demonstrate chemical resistancy,...

451

Chemical ecology and management of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).  

PubMed

The moth Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) feeds on grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), reducing yield and increasing susceptibility to fungal infections. L. botrana is among the most economically important insects in Europe and has recently been found in vineyards in Chile, Argentina, and California. Here, we review L. botrana biology and behavior in relation to its larval host (the grapevine) and its natural enemies. We also discuss current and future control strategies in light of our knowledge of chemical ecology, with an emphasis on the use of the sex pheromone-based strategies as an environmentally safe management approach. Pheromone-mediated mating disruption is the most promising technique available on grapes and is currently implemented on approximately 140,000 ha in Europe. Experience from several growing areas confirms the importance of collaboration between research, extension, growers, and pheromone-supply companies for the successful implementation of the mating disruption technique. In the vineyards where mating disruption has been successfully applied as an areawide strategy, the reduction in insecticide use has improved the quality of life for growers, consumers, as well as the public living near wine-growing areas and has thereby reduced the conflict between agricultural and urban communities. PMID:21882674

Ioriatti, C; Anfora, G; Tasin, M; De Cristofaro, A; Witzgall, P; Lucchi, A

2011-08-01

452

Natural compounds for pest and weed control.  

PubMed

The control of insect pests and invasive weeds has become more species-selective because of activity-guided isolation, structure elucidation, and total synthesis of naturally produced substances with important biological activities. Examples of isolated compounds include insect pheromones, antifeedants, and prostaglandins, as well as growth regulators for plants and insects. Synthetic analogues of natural substances have been prepared to explore the relationships between chemical structure and observed biological activity. Recent scientific advances have resulted from better methods for the chemical synthesis of target compounds and better analytical methods. The capability of analytical instrumentation continues to advance rapidly, enabling new insights. PMID:19719128

Petroski, Richard J; Stanley, David W

2009-09-23

453

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood  

E-print Network

FOR SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT 2207 NW 13 Street, Suite D Gainesville, FL 32609 Report #00-03 #12Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood (FINAL-END MANAGEMENT III.1 Field Demonstration of Sorting Technologies 62 III.2 Evaluation of Pyrolysis Systems 77 III

Florida, University of

454

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book, developed by experts from academia and industry, provides guidance on planning procedures for the handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals. The book offers prudent practices designed to promote safety and includes practical information on assessing hazards, managing chemicals, disposing of wastes, and more. This book is intended to serve as the leading source of chemical safety guidelines for people working with laboratory chemicals: research chemists, technicians, safety officers, educators, and students.

National Research Council (National Research Council Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats for Research; Na)

2011-01-01

455

Less is Better. Laboratory Chemical Management for Waste Reduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An objective of the American Chemical Society is to promote alternatives to landfilling for the disposal of laboratory chemical wastes. One method is to reduce the amount of chemicals that become wastes. This is the basis for the "less is better" philosophy. This bulletin discusses various techniques involved in purchasing control, inventory…

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

456

Managing major chemical accidents in China: Towards effective risk information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical industries, from their very inception, have been controversial due to the high risks they impose on safety of human beings and the environment. Recent decades have witnessed increasing impacts of the accelerating expansion of chemical industries and chemical accidents have become a major contributor to environmental and health risks in China. This calls for the establishment of an effective

Guizhen He; Lei Zhang; Yonglong Lu; Arthur P. J. Mol

2011-01-01

457

A RESEARCH AGENDA FOR RISK MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS  

EPA Science Inventory

To date, research on suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has focused on determining health effects in humans and wildlife and on occurrence of these chemicals in the environment. There is strong evidence that certain chemicals are causing endocrine-related effects in...

458

Peste des petits ruminants.  

PubMed

The peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is proving to be a disease which has an increasingly significant economic impact on a number of countries in Africa and the Middle East, and possibly also on the Indian sub-continent. The antigenic relationships which exist between the PPR and rinderpest viruses pose problems for diagnosis which complicates rinderpest control and eradication programmes. Progress has recently been made in regard to diagnosis (specific nucleic probes and monoclonal antibodies), as well as control (homologous vaccine). International legislation remains to be established and epidemiological surveys should be conducted in order to determine the exact geographical distribution of the disease. PMID:2132714

Lefèvre, P C; Diallo, A

1990-12-01

459

Pest Ants and Cockroaches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tutorials on pest ants and cockroaches. Each tutorial has 50 questions; incorrect answers lead to additional information. Covers acrobat ant, Argentine ant, bigheaded ant, crazy ant, Florida carpenter ant, ghost ant, imported fire ant, little fire ant, native fire ant and Pharaoh ant, American cockroach, Australian cockroach, brown cockroach, brownbanded cockroach, Cuban cockroach, Florida woods cockroaches, German cockroach, oriental cockroach, smokybrown cockroach and Surinam cockroach. Requires Windows. program must be downloaded on to hardrive, but once installed is intuitive. many of the species depicted in these tutorials are restricted to Florida and the extreme southern U.S. $15. Part number SW 157.

0000-00-00

460

A MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY SPECIFIC TO GLASSYWINGED SHARPSHOOTER EGG PROTEIN: A TOOL FOR PREDATOR GUT ANALYSIS AND EARLY DETECTION OF PEST INFESTATION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Effective control of glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca coagulata, will require an integrated pest management approach. A major component of true integrated pest management is the exploitation of the pest's natural enemies, which, when utilized to their greatest potential, can increase t...

461

Pest Damage and Integrated Control INTEGRATING DWARF MISTLETOE  

E-print Network

our sights on the research now needed and improve the odds of getting forest resource managers of the insects and diseases involved, (2) the dynamics of forest stand development, (3) the socioeconomic: A broader, more comprehensive concept of forest pest management is needed to make it a really integral

Standiford, Richard B.

462

Pest Risk Maps for Invasive Alien Species: A Roadmap for Improvement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Pest risk maps are powerful visual communication tools to describe where invasive alien species might arrive, establish, spread, or cause harmful impacts. These maps inform strategic and tactical pest management decisions, such as potential restrictions on international trade or the design of pest surveys and domestic quarantines. Diverse methods are available to create pest risk maps, and can potentially yield different depictions of risk for the same species. Inherent uncertainties about the biology of the invader, future climate conditions, and species interactions further complicate map interpretation. If multiple maps are available, risk managers must choose how to incorporate the various representations of risk into their decisionmaking process, and may make significant errors if they misunderstand what each map portrays. This article describes the need for pest risk maps, compares pest risk mapping methods, and recommends future research to improve such important decision-support tools.

Robert Venette (USDA; Forest Service)

2010-05-03

463

Factors influencing economic profitability of dampling-based integrated management of wheat in country elevators  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Integrated pest management provides the potential for better insect management in stored wheat, as well as increased worker safety and reduced environmental concerns. Many country elevators, however, continue to use chemical-based approaches. To determine if this choice is economically justified, to...

464

Whitefly Management with Insect Growth Regulators and the Influence of Lygus Controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The three keys to whitefly management are sampling, effective chemical use, and avoidance. This study examines factors relevant to the latter two keys in the con- text of Arizona's cotton pest spectrum. Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are cen- tral to Arizona's success in whitefly management. The basic usage guidelines developed for the IGRs—initial treatment timing, prescribed intervals between successive uses,

Peter C. Ellsworth; Steve E. Naranjo

465

Pest control in postharvest nuts  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This chapter discusses the impact of insect infestations on the quality of postharvest nuts. The chapter first reviews the biology of key field pests that may be found in harvested nuts, and pests found in nut storage and processing facilities. The chapter then reviews current and developing control...

466

New Versus Classic Approaches for Chemical Risk Assessment and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the public has become increasingly aware of the presence of harmful chemicals in our environment. Many people\\u000a express concerns about chemicals and other foreign substances in food, in drinking water, and toxic pollutants in the air.\\u000a Exposure and risk assessment of chemical environmental pollution have been widely studied. Risk assessment provides a systematic\\u000a approach for characterizing the

Mahmoud A. Hassanien

467

Behavioural and chemical ecology underlying the success of turnip rape ( Brassica rapa ) trap crops in protecting oilseed rape ( Brassica napus ) from the pollen beetle ( Meligethes aeneus )  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing interest in the use of trap crops as components of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. Understanding\\u000a the mechanisms underlying host plant preferences of herbivorous pests can lead to improved effectiveness and reliability of\\u000a the trap crop. We investigated the behavioural and chemical ecology underlying the success of turnip rape, Brassica rapa, trap crops in protecting oilseed rape,

S. M. Cook; H. B. Rasmussen; M. A. Birkett; D. A. Murray; B. J. Pye; N. P. Watts; I. H. Williams

2007-01-01

468

Prioritizing chemicals for environmental management in China based on screening of potential risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid development of China's chemical industry has created increasing pressure to improve the environmental management of chemicals. To bridge the large gap between the use and safe management of chemicals, we performed a comprehensive review of the international methods used to prioritize chemicals for environmental management. By comparing domestic and foreign methods, we confirmed the presence of this gap and identified potential solutions. Based on our literature review, we developed an appropriate screening method that accounts for the unique characteristics of chemical use within China. The proposed method is based on an evaluation using nine indices of the potential hazard posed by a chemical: three environmental hazard indices (persistence, bioaccumulation, and eco-toxicity), four health hazard indices (acute toxicity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and reproductive and developmental toxicity), and two environmental exposure hazard indices (chemical amount and utilization pattern). The results of our screening agree with results of previous efforts from around the world, confirming the validity of the new system. The classification method will help decisionmakers to prioritize and identify the chemicals with the highest environmental risk, thereby providing a basis for improving chemical management in China.

Yu, Xiangyi; Mao, Yan; Sun, Jinye; Shen, Yingwa

2014-03-01

469

CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT POWWER EVAPORATION-CATALYTIC OXIDATION TECHNOLOGY - APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report evaluates the ability of the Chemical Waste Management POWWER System to reduce the volume of aqueous waste and catalytically oxidize volatile contaminants. his evaluation is based on treatment performance and cost data from the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluati...

470

HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDE CONTAMINATION FROM INDOOR PEST CONTROL APPLICATIONS IN URBAN LOW-INCOME PUBLIC HOUSING DWELLINGS: A COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH  

PubMed Central

We designed this community-based participatory research (CBPR) project aiming to generate evidence-based research results in order to encourage residents living in urban low-income public housing dwellings engaging in a community-wide integrated pest management (IPM) program with the intention to improve their health and quality of life, as well as household conditions. We enrolled 20 families and their children in this study in which we utilized environmental exposure assessment (surface wipe and indoor air) tools to quantitatively assessing residential pesticide exposure in young children before the implementation of an IPM program. We analyzed those samples for 19 organophosphate (OP) and pyrethroid pesticides. The most commonly detected pesticides were pyrethroids, particularly permethrin and cypermethrin with average concentrations of 2.47 and 3.87 µg/m2, respectively. In many dwellings, we detected OPs, which are no longer available on the market, however, their levels are significantly lower than those of pyrethroids. None of the 20 families was free from pesticide contamination in their households, and pesticides were commonly detected in living room and children’s bedroom. The correlation among household hygienic conditions, the sighting of live pests/pest debris, and the degree of indoor pesticide contamination highlights the failure of conventional chemical-based applications for pest controls. The results from the current study, as well as other recent studies, conducted in low-income public housing, child care centers, and randomly selected homes in the U.S. should accentuate the need for alternative pest management programs that incorporate safer and more sustainable protocols for pest controls. PMID:23363037

Adamkiewicz, Gary; Attfield, Kathleen; Kapp, Michaela; Spengler, John D; Tao, Lin; Xie, Shao Hua

2013-01-01

471

Risk management programs in the chemical industry from Bhopal onward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical process safety has long been a consideration in industry but the tragedy at Bhopal in late 1984 resulted in significantly increased attention from industry, government, and the public. Whereas Bhopal had a major effect on regulations in the US, two earlier, highly publicized accidents affected regulations in the United Kingdom and Europe. A 1974 cyclohexane explosion at a chemical

J. J. Cramer; H. R. Greenberg

1992-01-01

472

Managing the challenge of chemically reactive metabolites in drug development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal metabolism of drugs can generate metabolites that have intrinsic chemical reactivity towards cellular molecules, and therefore have the potential to alter biological function and initiate serious adverse drug reactions. Here, we present an assessment of the current approaches used for the evaluation of chemically reactive metabolites. We also describe how these approaches are being used within the pharmaceutical

Alan Boobis; Stephen Clarke; Chris E. P. Goldring; David Jones; J. Gerry Kenna; Craig Lambert; Hugh G. Laverty; Dean J. Naisbitt; Sidney Nelson; Deborah A. Nicoll-Griffith; R. Scott Obach; Philip Routledge; Dennis A. Smith; Nico Vermeulen; Dominic P. Williams; Ian D. Wilson; Thomas A. Baillie; B. Kevin Park; Donald J. Tweedie

2011-01-01

473

Managing Auditory Risk from Acoustically Impulsive Chemical Demonstrations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemical demonstrations are an integral part of the process of how students construct meaning from chemical principles, but may introduce risks to students and presenters. Some demonstrations are known to be extremely loud and present auditory hazards; little has been done to assess the risks to educators and students. Using laboratory-grade…

Macedone, Jeffrey H.; Gee, Kent L.; Vernon, Julia A.

2014-01-01

474

Management response plan for the Chemical Safety Vulnerability Working Group report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The Chemical Safety Vulnerability (CSV) Working Group was established to identify adverse conditions involving hazardous chemicals at DOE facilities that might result in fires or explosions, release of hazardous chemicals to the environment, or exposure of workers or the public to chemicals. A CSV Review was conducted in 146 facilities at 29 sites. Eight generic vulnerabilities were documented related to: abandoned chemicals and chemical residuals; past chemical spills and ground releases; characterization of legacy chemicals and wastes; disposition of legacy chemicals; storage facilities and conditions; condition of facilities and support systems; unanalyzed and unaddressed hazards; and inventory control and tracking. Weaknesses in five programmatic areas were also identified related to: management commitment and planning; chemical safety management programs; aging facilities that continue to operate; nonoperating facilities awaiting deactivation; and resource allocations. To address the facility-specific and site-specific vulnerabilities, responsible DOE and site-contractor line organizations have developed initial site response plans. These plans, presented as Volume 2 of this Management Response Plan, describe the actions needed to mitigate or eliminate the facility- and site-specific vulnerabilities identified by the CSV Working Group field verification teams. Initial site response plans are described for: Brookhaven National Lab., Hanford Site, Idaho National Engineering Lab., Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Los Alamos National Lab., Oak Ridge Reservation, Rocky Flats Plant, Sandia National Laboratories, and Savannah River Site.

Not Available

1994-09-01

475

The effect of transitional organic production practices on soilborne pests of tomato  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The perceived risk of pest resurgence upon transition from conventional to organic-based farming systems remains a critical obstacle to expanding organic vegetable production, particularly where chemical fumigants have provided soilborne pest and disease control. Microplots were used to study the ef...

476

Assessing and Managing Risks Arising from Exposure to Endocrine-Active Chemicals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing risks to human health and the environment produced by endocrine-active chemicals (EAC) is dependent on sound principles of risk assessment and risk management, which need to be adapted to address the uncertainties in the state of the science of EAC. Quantifying EAC hazard identification, mechanisms of action, and dose-response curves is complicated by a range of chemical structure\\/toxicology classes,

Karen P. Phillips; Warren G. Foster; William Leiss; Vanita Sahni; Nataliya Karyakina; Michelle C. Turner; Sam Kacew; Daniel Krewski

2008-01-01

477

Prevention methods for pest control and their use in Poland.  

PubMed

Prevention methods can still be a cost-effective and efficient tool for pest control. Rational use of prevention methods is a feasible way to reduce dependency on chemical protection in agriculture. Costs, workload and farmers' awareness are key issues, however. In Poland, crop rotation is used as a method for pest control only to a limited extent owing to the high share of cereals in the crop structure. The choice of resistant varieties is satisfactory, but farmers should make use of qualified seed material more often. Liming is recommended on the majority of farms on account of widespread soil acidity. Favourable aspects as regards the prevention of pest development are biodiversity and the popularity of prevention cultivation techniques. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:24729297

Matyjaszczyk, Ewa

2015-04-01

478

Management response plan for the Chemical Safety Vulnerability Working Group report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Chemical Safety Vulnerability (CSV) Working Group was established to identify adverse conditions involving hazardous chemicals at DOE facilities that might result in fires or explosions, release of hazardous chemicals to the environment, or exposure of workers or the public to chemicals. A CSV Review was conducted in 146 facilities at 29 sites. Eight generic vulnerabilities were documented related to: abandoned chemicals and chemical residuals; past chemical spills and ground releases; characterization of legacy chemicals and wastes; disposition of legacy chemicals; storage facilities and conditions; condition of facilities and support systems; unanalyzed and unaddressed hazards; and inventory control and tracking. Weaknesses in five programmatic areas were also identified related to: management commitment and planning; chemical safety management programs; aging facilities that continue to operate; nonoperating facilities awaiting deactivation; and resource allocations. Volume 1 contains a discussion of the chemical safety improvements planned or already underway at DOE sites to correct facility or site-specific vulnerabilities. The main part of the report is a discussion of each of the programmatic deficiencies; a description of the tasks to be accomplished; the specific actions to be taken; and the organizational responsibilities for implementation.

Not Available

1994-09-01

479

September 2013 Laboratory Safety Manual Section 2 -Chemical Management  

E-print Network

. Washing Hands ...............................................................................2-4 4. Food/Utensils ......................................................2-4 b. Storage of Food/Beverages .........................................2-4 5. Vacuum ............................................2-10 E. CHEMICAL LABELING

Wilcock, William

480

Toxic industrial chemicals and chemical weapons: exposure, identification, and management by syndrome.  

PubMed

Toxidromes aid emergency care providers in the context of the patient presenting with suspected poisoning, unexplained altered mental status, unknown hazardous materials or chemical weapons exposure, or the unknown overdose. The ability to capture an adequate chemical exposure history and to recognize toxidromes may reduce dependence on laboratory tests, speed time to delivery of specific antidote therapy, and improve selection of supportive care practices tailored to the etiologic agent. This article highlights elements of the exposure history and presents selected toxidromes that may be caused by toxic industrial chemicals and chemical weapons. Specific antidotes for toxidromes and points regarding their use, and special supportive measures, are presented. PMID:25455660

Tomassoni, Anthony J; French, Robert N E; Walter, Frank G

2015-02-01

481

Integrating Sustainable Development in Chemical Engineering Education: The Application of an Environmental Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principles of sustainable development have been integrated in chemical engineering education by means of an environmental management system. These principles have been introduced in the teaching laboratories where students perform their practical classes. In this paper, the implementation of the environmental management system, the problems…

Montanes, M. T.; Palomares, A. E.; Sanchez-Tovar, R.

2012-01-01

482

Multiscale approach to pest insect monitoring: Random walks, pattern formation, synchronization, and networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pest insects pose a significant threat to food production worldwide resulting in annual losses worth hundreds of billions of dollars. Pest control attempts to prevent pest outbreaks that could otherwise destroy a sward. It is good practice in integrated pest management to recommend control actions (usually pesticides application) only when the pest density exceeds a certain threshold. Accurate estimation of pest population density in ecosystems, especially in agro-ecosystems, is therefore very important, and this is the overall goal of the pest insect monitoring. However, this is a complex and challenging task; providing accurate information about pest abundance is hardly possible without taking into account the complexity of ecosystems' dynamics, in particular, the existence of multiple scales. In the case of pest insects, monitoring has three different spatial scales, each of them having their own scale-specific goal and their own approaches to data collection and interpretation. In this paper, we review recent progress in mathematical models and methods applied at each of these scales and show how it helps to improve the accuracy and robustness of pest population density estimation.

Petrovskii, Sergei; Petrovskaya, Natalia; Bearup, Daniel

2014-09-01

483

Influences of trees on abundance of natural enemies of insect pests: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we review the use of natural enemies in crop pest management and describe research needed to better meet information needs for practical applications. Endemic natural enemies (predators and parasites) offer a potential but understudied approach to controlling insect pests in agricultural systems. With the current high interest in environmental stewardship, such an approach has special appeal as

M. E. Dix; R. J. Johnson; M. O. Harrell; R. M. Case; R. J. Wright; L. Hodges; J. R. Brandle; M. M. Schoeneberger; N. J. Sunderman; R. L. Fitzmaurice; L. J. Young; K. G. Hubbard

1995-01-01

484

Research toward control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Key pecan insect pests include the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae, black pecan aphid, Melanocallis caryaefoliae, and stink bugs. Alternative control tactics are needed for management of these pests in organic and conventional systems. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of several alternativ...

485

Pest damage and arthropod community structure in organic vs. conventional tomato production in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. To test common assumptions that the reduction in agrochemicals on organic farms allows (i) the conservation of biodiversity but (ii) has some cost in terms of increased pest damage, we compared arthropod communities and pest damage levels to fresh market tomato Lycopersicon esculentum on 18 commercial farms. These farms repre- sented a range of management practices, with half

D. K. Letourneau; B. Goldstein

2001-01-01

486

HIT THE BULL'S EYE: KNOW PEST, PLANT CANOPY, AND PESTICIDE TO BOOST SPRAYER EFFICIENCY IN VEGETABLES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Understanding the performance of machinery used to deliver pest management materials is critical to selecting the best equipment for each application. The pesticide, target, and pest problem largely dictate the delivery technique. Field studies using fresh market peppers were established to evalua...

487

Microbial control of cotton pests. Part I: Use of the naturally occurring entomopathogenic fungus Aspergillus sp. (BC 639) in the management of Creontiades dilutus (Stal) (Hemiptera: Miridae) and beneficial insects on transgenic cotton crops  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and adoption of transgenic (Bt) crops that express the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin has reduced the use of synthetic insecticide on transgenic crops to target Helicoverpa spp., the major insect pest of cotton in Australia. However, it has also increased the threat posed by sucking pests, particularly Creontiades dilutus (green mirid), which are unaffected by the Bt toxins

Robert K. Mensah; Leah Austin

2012-01-01

488

CHEMICAL ECOLOGY Sex Pheromone of the Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, and  

E-print Network

CHEMICAL ECOLOGY Sex Pheromone of the Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, and Its Potential aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has seriously threatened soybean production in North America, afterCanada.ControlofA.glycineshasfocusedonapplicationsofinsecticides, which are not a long-term solution to soybean aphid pest management. In autumn, soybean aphids start

489

Control of arthropod pests of tropical tree fruit with entomopathogens  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A plethora of arthropods attack fruit crops throughout the tropics and sub-tropics. The predominant method for controlling most of these pests is the application of broad-spectrum chemical pesticides. Growing concern over the negative environmental effects has encouraged development of alternative c...

490

Nursery Crop Production Problems & Issues - Insect Pests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What insects present problems in nursery crop production, how can they be identified, and how can they be best controlled? First, let's look at the following scenarios to gain an understanding of insect problems that can occur within nursery crop production. Nursery Crop Production Insect Pest Management Scenarios Now read Plant Farm Nursery Website to identify the insect described in the first scenario. Next, read Tree Shrub Damage to identify the insect issue described within the second scenario. Read Extension Service Website to gain a better understanding ...

Mr. Wells

2012-04-05

491

Insect Pheromones: Mastering Communication to Control Pests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Web site contains an interesting, in-depth article on the use of insect pheromones in pest management. The article is one of many from Beyond Discovery: The Path from Research to Human Benefit; a NAS-sponsored series designed to demonstrate "how science works by illustrating how basic research produces knowledge that can lead to practical results of human benefit." No formal lesson plans are provided, but the article comes with a helpful glossary, related Web links, and a timeline of events.

492

Forest Pest Control. Manual 94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual provides information needed to meet the minimum EPA standards for certification as a commercial applicator of pesticides in forest pest control. The text discusses disease problems, insects, and herbicide use in both established forests and nurseries. (CS)

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Agricultural Experiment Station.

493

Management of chemical burns of the canine cornea  

PubMed Central

Significant clinical signs and general principles of treatment for chemical burns of the canine cornea are presented using three typical case studies for illustration. Alkali burns are more common in dogs than acid burns. The sources of alkali in this study were soap, cement, and mortar dust. Common signs of chemical burns are ocular pain, corneal ulceration, tear film inadequacy, corneal edema, and marked corneal neovascularity. Successful treatment requires thorough ocular lavage, treatment for corneal ulceration, and adequate anti-inflammatory therapy when the corneal epithelium becomes intact. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5. PMID:17423874

Christmas, Richard

1991-01-01

494

Radiation-Chemical Aspects of Radioactive Waste Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of radiation-chemical processes in model liquid radioactive waste are summarized. These processes are radiolytic transformations of various substances present in the waste (actinide ions (primarily, neptunium and plutonium ions), inorganic matter (for example, nitrate ions), and organic compounds (acetic acid, EDTA, etc.)) and radiolytic gas evolution. Attention was focused on the latter process. The volumes and compositions of gases

A. K. Pikaev; G. N. Pirogova; I. M. Kosareva; A. V. Gogolev; V. P. Shilov

2003-01-01

495

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory--Chemical Management: A Method for Waste Reduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses methods for reducing or eliminating waste disposal problems in the chemistry laboratory, considering both economic and environmental aspects of the problems. Proposes inventory control, shared use, solvent recycling, zero effluent, and various means of disposing of chemicals. (JM)

Pine, Stanley H.

1984-01-01

496

Utilizing the assassin bug, Pristhesancus plagipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), as a biological control agent within an integrated pest management programme for Helicoverpa spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Creontiades spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae) in cotton.  

PubMed

Helicoverpa spp. and mirids, Creontiades spp., have been difficult to control biologically in cotton due to their unpredictable temporal abundance combined with a cropping environment often made hostile by frequent usage of broad spectrum insecticides. To address this problem, a range of new generation insecticides registered for use in cotton were tested for compatibility with the assassin bug, Pristhesancus plagipennis (Walker), a potential biological control agent for Helicoverpa spp. and Creontiades spp. Indoxacarb, pyriproxifen, buprofezin, spinosad and fipronil were found to be of low to moderate toxicity on P. plagipennis whilst emamectin benzoate, abamectin, diafenthiuron, imidacloprid and omethaote were moderate to highly toxic. Inundative releases of P. plagipennis integrated with insecticides identified as being of low toxicity were then tested and compared with treatments of P. plagipennis and the compatible insecticides used alone, conventionally sprayed usage practice and an untreated control during two field experiments in cotton. The biological control provided by P. plagipennis nymphs when combined with compatible insecticides provided significant (P<0.001) reductions in Helicoverpa and Creontiades spp. on cotton and provided equivalent yields to conventionally sprayed cotton with half of the synthetic insecticide input. Despite this, the utilization of P. plagipennis in cotton as part of an integrated pest management programme remains unlikely due to high inundative release costs relative to other control technologies such as insecticides and transgenic (Bt) cotton varieties. PMID:17524159

Grundy, P R

2007-06-01

497

Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Pests, Third Edition  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Pests, Third Edition, is a practical guidebook for the identification and management of over 150 important diseases, insects, and other disorders of wheat. Over 70 expert authors contributed diagnostic photographs and authoritative chapters to this edition. For e...

498

History and use of heat in pest control: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review describes the history and use of heat in the management of a wide range of agricultural and structural pests. Definitions and concepts used in heat treatments are discussed as well as possible mechanisms of thermal lethality. Factors used in determining treatments are availability, costs, complexity, and other constraints. Heat can be used separately in multiple forms or in

J. D. Hansen; J. A. Johnson; D. A. Winter

2011-01-01

499

Imported Fire Ants: An Agricultural Pest and a  

E-print Network

Imported Fire Ants: An Agricultural Pest and a Human Health Hazard Imported fire ants (Solenopsis. The black imported fire ant was brought to Mobile, AL, in 1918. The red imported fire ant arrived) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for advice about how to manage imported fire ants

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

500

Timber import and the risk of forest pest introductions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. Many invasive species are introduced by trade, and there is a need for studies of pre-emptive measures to lower the risk of introductions, as post-establishment management is often extremely costly or nearly impossible. 2. In this study, we present a generic model for the first step of the invasion process for trade- imported pests, and further develop this

Olav Skarpaas; Bjørn Økland

2009-01-01