Sample records for child healthcare pch

  1. Chater 4 Roles of Child Health-Care Providers Roles of Child Health-Care

    E-print Network

    Chater 4 Roles of Child Health-Care Providers 4 Roles of Child Health-Care Providers in Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Roles of Child Health-Care Providers 1. Use and disseminate information from 7 #12;Chater 4 Roles of Child Health-Care Providers In addition to routine screening and follow

  2. Child Healthcare in Two Farmworker Populations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly Gentry; Sara A. Quandt; Stephen W. Davis; Joseph G. Grzywacz; Ann E. Hiott; Thomas A. Arcury

    2007-01-01

    Children in farmworker families are medically underserved. Little research has documented the healthcare of these children.\\u000a This analysis uses data collected from two populations of Latino farmworker families, one located in western North Carolina\\u000a and western Virginia, and the other located in eastern North Carolina, to describe and compare child healthcare utilization\\u000a and mothers’ satisfaction with their children’s healthcare. Child,

  3. Urban Fathers' Involvement in Their Child's Health and Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig F. Garfield; Anthony J. Isacco

    2012-01-01

    Despite the known positive child outcomes associated with father involvement, how fathers are involved in the health and healthcare of their children is largely unexplored. This qualitative study conducted interviews with a subsample of fathers from the national Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study to explore fathers' perceptions of their involvement in their child's health and healthcare. Using an integration

  4. Increasing Child Compliance with Essential Healthcare Routines: Acquisition, Maintenance, and Generalization

    E-print Network

    Harrison, Kelley Lynne Attix

    2014-08-31

    Child noncompliance with essential healthcare routines is a widely reported problem, especially for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) (Allen, Stanley, & McPherson, 1990). Noncompliance with ...

  5. Applying Motivational Interviewing (MI) in Counselling Obese and Overweight Children and Parents in Swedish Child Healthcare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soderlund, Lena L.; Malmsten, Janna; Bendtsen, Preben; Nilsen, Per

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate how a motivational interviewing (MI) training course for child healthcare nurses in Sweden affected their work with children's weight issues and their attitudes to MI. Design: Cross-sectional survey, descriptive design. Setting: Nurses were recruited from 33 different child healthcare centres in Ostergotland, Sweden. Method:…

  6. Applying motivational interviewing (MI) in counselling obese and overweight children and parents in Swedish child healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lena L Söderlund; Janna Malmsten; Preben Bendtsen; Per Nilsen

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate how a motivational interviewing (MI) training course for child healthcare nurses in Sweden affected their work with children’s weight issues and their attitudes to MI.Design: Cross-sectional survey, descriptive design.Setting: Nurses were recruited from 33 different child healthcare centres in Östergötland, Sweden.Method: Seventy-six nurses who had participated in an MI training course (held in 2008) were approached one

  7. Working for Your Child with Willis-Ekbom Disease / Restless Legs Syndrome in the Healthcare System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Working for Your Child with Willis-Ekbom disease/ Restless Legs Syndrome in the Healthcare System When your child or ... diagnosed with WillisEkbom disease (WED), also known as restless legs syndrome (RLS) or WED/RLS, you may find yourself ...

  8. Use of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist for the detection of psychosocial problems in preventive child healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sijmen A Reijneveld; Anton GC Vogels; Femke Hoekstra; Matty R Crone

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Early detection and treatment of psychosocial problems by preventive child healthcare may lead to considerable health benefits, and a short questionnaire could support this aim. The aim of this study was to assess whether the Dutch version of the US Pediatric Symptom checklist (PSC) is valid and suitable for the early detection of psychosocial problems among children. METHODS: We

  9. Healthcare

    MedlinePLUS

    ... birthing centers, emergency medical care, home healthcare, and nursing homes. What types of hazards do workers face? Healthcare ... 2014). Safe Patient Handling -- Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders in Nursing Homes (PDF * ). OSHA Publication 3108, (2014, February). Worker Safety ...

  10. Notifications for child safeguarding from an acute hospital in response to presentations to healthcare by parents

    PubMed Central

    Gonzalez-Izquierdo, A; Ward, A; Smith, P; Walford, C; Begent, J; Ioannou, Y; Gilbert, R

    2015-01-01

    Background Consideration of child safeguarding is routine within maternity services but less common in other health services for adults. We audited notifications for child safeguarding from an acute general hospital where the policy includes questioning adults presenting with violence, mental health problems or drug or alcohol misuse to any department within the hospital about children at home and notifying to the local authority children's social care services if there are safeguarding concerns. Methods Cross-sectional audit of notifications for child safeguarding, including abuse, neglect or victimization, from all departments in one hospital to the local authority children's social care department during 12 months (2010/11). Results Of 681 notifications (57 per month), 40% (270/681) were triggered by parents' presentation to acute hospital services. Of these, 37% (100/270; 12 teenage mothers) presented for maternity care and 60% (162/270; 8 teenage parents) presented to the emergency department (ED). Of the 60% (411/681) of notifications prompted by children presenting for healthcare, most originated from the ED (358/411; 87%): two-thirds of these presented with injury (250/358; 70%). Conclusion Given a policy to ask adults about children at home, a substantial proportion of children notified for child safeguarding were recognized through presentations to acute healthcare by their parents. Further research and development of this policy needs to ensure that questioning results in effective interventions for the children and their parents. PMID:24635011

  11. Improving maternal and child healthcare programme using community-participatory interventions in Ebonyi State Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Ndukwe, Chinwendu Daniel; Ezeoha, Abel Abeh; Urochukwu, Henry Chukwuemeka; Ezeonu, Chinonyelum Thecla

    2014-10-01

    In Nigeria, the government is implementing the Free Maternal and Child Health Care Programme (FMCHCP). The policy is premised on the notion that financial barriers are one of the most important constraints to equitable access and use of skilled maternal and child healthcare. In Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria the FMCHCP is experiencing implementation challenges including: inadequate human resource for health, inadequate funding, out of stock syndrome, inadequate infrastructure, and poor staff remuneration. Furthermore, there is less emphasis on community involvement in the programme implementation. In this policy brief, we recommend policy options that emphasize the implementation of community-based participatory interventions to strengthen the government's FMCHCP as follows: Option 1: Training community women on prenatal care, life-saving skills in case of emergency, reproductive health, care of the newborn and family planning. Option 2: Sensitizing the community women towards behavioural change, to understand what quality services that respond to their needs are but also to seek and demand for such. Option 3: Implementation packages that provide technical skills to women of childbearing age as well as mothers' groups, and traditional birth attendants for better home-based maternal and child healthcare. The effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated in a number of community-based participatory interventions, building on the idea that if community members take part in decision-making and bring local knowledge, experiences and problems to the fore, they are more likely to own and sustain solutions to improve their communities' health. PMID:25337602

  12. Improving maternal and child healthcare programme using community-participatory interventions in Ebonyi State Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Ndukwe, Chinwendu Daniel; Ezeoha, Abel Abeh; Urochukwu, Henry Chukwuemeka; Ezeonu, Chinonyelum Thecla

    2014-01-01

    In Nigeria, the government is implementing the Free Maternal and Child Health Care Programme (FMCHCP). The policy is premised on the notion that financial barriers are one of the most important constraints to equitable access and use of skilled maternal and child healthcare. In Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria the FMCHCP is experiencing implementation challenges including: inadequate human resource for health, inadequate funding, out of stock syndrome, inadequate infrastructure, and poor staff remuneration. Furthermore, there is less emphasis on community involvement in the programme implementation. In this policy brief, we recommend policy options that emphasize the implementation of community-based participatory interventions to strengthen the government’s FMCHCP as follows: Option 1: Training community women on prenatal care, life-saving skills in case of emergency, reproductive health, care of the newborn and family planning. Option 2: Sensitizing the community women towards behavioural change, to understand what quality services that respond to their needs are but also to seek and demand for such. Option 3: Implementation packages that provide technical skills to women of childbearing age as well as mothers’ groups, and traditional birth attendants for better home-based maternal and child healthcare. The effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated in a number of community-based participatory interventions, building on the idea that if community members take part in decision-making and bring local knowledge, experiences and problems to the fore, they are more likely to own and sustain solutions to improve their communities’ health. PMID:25337602

  13. The maternal and child healthcare needs of new immigrants in Taipei.

    PubMed

    Chen, Mei-Ju; Tang, Chao-Hsiun; Jeng, Huey-Mei; Chiu, Allen Wen-Hsiang

    2008-12-01

    The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the maternal and child healthcare needs of new immigrants in Taiwan. Results will be used to reflect upon the services which the government is currently providing, and to determine if further investigation may be required to establish whether or not the health care quality currently provided by public health nurses succeeds in meeting the needs of new immigrants. Face-to-face interviews were undertaken by public health nurses on 1,068 women from Mainland China, and a further 1,068 women from other Southeast Asian countries, all of whom were randomly selected from the 12 administrative districts of Taipei. Information on the healthcare information needs of mothers and children (10 items), psychological distress variables, health status and socio-demographic variables of both the new immigrants and their Taiwanese spouses were collected via a structured questionnaire, of which a total of 1,829 completed copies were returned. Chi-square tests were performed to examine differences in both healthcare needs and psychological distress levels amongst different new immigrant ethnic groups. Logistic regressions were subsequently performed with the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) then being calculated to examine the differential effects of the healthcare needs of the different ethnic groups of new immigrants. The needs of the Vietnamese immigrants were found to be significantly different from those of the Mainland Chinese immigrants in all items, with the former needing Chinese communication assistance particularly at those times when they received medical treatment (p < .001) and assistance from local health centers (p < .001). Amongst the group of new Indonesian immigrants, the need for Chinese communication assistance when receiving medical treatment (p < .001) was the only item significantly different from the group of Mainland Chinese immigrants. Cultural competence in public health nursing education should not be deemphasized in Taiwan. Within the public sector, there is a clear need to create and implement partnerships between the public and private sectors on the overall issue of new immigrants within the community. Results strongly suggest that public health nurses should be aware of how to meet the healthcare needs of different new immigrant ethnic groups in order to help them integrate into Taipei society. PMID:19061177

  14. The health-care environment through the eyes of a child--does it soothe or provoke anxiety?

    PubMed

    Norton-Westwood, Deborah

    2012-02-01

    Health-care environments can be intimidating and scary places especially in the eyes of a child. When attempting to create spaces that are engaging to children, how do we know what works and are the needs the same across the age groups? In a 2011 comprehensive systematic review, a total of 20 studies were reviewed to answer the question: Can the health-care environment have an impact on children's anxiety? The results of the review showed that the built environment can support and enhance the coping strategies utilized by children, however further research is needed. The aim of this article is to summarize the findings of the review highlighting simple design strategies of minimal cost to large construction projects warranting extensive resources. Careful evaluation of space incorporating end-user input can result in age appropriate environments that support safe, quality care and enhance a positive health-care experience for all. PMID:22257325

  15. A Brief Educational Intervention to Improve Healthcare Providers' Awareness of Child Passenger Safety

    PubMed Central

    Ekundayo, O. James; Jones, Gennifer; Brown, Angela; Aliyu, Muktar; Levine, Robert; Goldzweig, Irwin

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among US children aged 4–14 years. In theory, health provider counseling about Child Passenger Safety (CPS) could be a useful deterrent. The data about the effectiveness of CPS dissemination is sparse, but existing results suggest that providers are not well informed. Moreover, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether provider counseling about CPS is effective. Methods. We therefore assessed CPS best practice knowledge among 217 healthcare workers at hospitals in seven cities throughout the USA and evaluated the impact of a brief, lunch and learn educational intervention with a five-item questionnaire. Attendees were comprised of physicians, nurses, social workers, pediatric residents, and pediatric trauma response teams. Results. Pre-post survey completion was nearly 100% (216 of 217 attendees). Participation was fairly evenly distributed according to age (18–29, 30–44, and 45+ years). More than 80% of attendees were women. Before intervention, only 4% of respondents (9/216) answered all five questions correctly; this rose to 77% (167/216) (P < 0.001, using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test) after intervention. Conclusion. Future research should consider implementation and controlled testing of comparable educational programs to determine if they improve dissemination of CPS best practice recommendations in the long term. PMID:23476672

  16. Mother–Child Interactions and the Associations with Child Healthcare Utilization in Low-Income Urban Families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret L. HollandByung-Kwang; Byung-Kwang Yoo; Harriet Kitzman; Linda Chaudron; Peter G. Szilagyi; Helena Temkin-Greener

    Studies have demonstrated that low-income families often have disproportionately high utilization of emergency department\\u000a (ED) and hospital services, and low utilization of preventive visits. A possible contributing factor is that some mothers\\u000a may not respond optimally to their infants’ health needs, either due to their own responsiveness or due to the child’s ability\\u000a to send cues. These mother–child interactions are

  17. PCH-2 regulates Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan

    PubMed Central

    Qian, Hong; Xu, Xiangru; Niklason, Laura E

    2015-01-01

    Components or downstream targets of many signaling pathways such as Insulin/IGF-1 and TOR, as well as genes involved in cellular metabolism and bioenergetics can extend worm lifespan 20% or more. The C. elegans gene pch-2 and its homologs, including TRIP13 in humans, have been studied for their functions in cell mitosis and meiosis, but have never been implicated in lifespan regulation. Here we show that over-expression of TRIP13 in human fibroblasts confers resistance to environmental stressors such as UV radiation and oxidative stress. Furthermore, pch-2 overexpression in C. elegans extends worm lifespan, and enhances worm survival in response to various stressors. Conversely, reducing pch-2 expression with RNAi shortens worm lifespan. Additional genetic epistasis analysis indicates that the molecular mechanism of pch-2 in worm longevity is tied to functions of the sirtuin family, implying that pch-2 is another chromatin regulator for worm longevity. These findings suggest a novel function of the pch-2 gene involved in lifespan determination. PMID:25635513

  18. Emerging communities of child-healthcare practice in the management of long-term conditions such as chronic kidney disease: qualitative study of parents’ accounts

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Parents of children and young people with long-term conditions who need to deliver clinical care to their child at home with remote support from hospital-based professionals, often search the internet for care-giving information. However, there is little evidence that the information available online was developed and evaluated with parents or that it acknowledges the communities of practice that exist as parents and healthcare professionals share responsibility for condition management. Methods The data reported here are part of a wider study that developed and tested a condition-specific, online parent information and support application with children and young people with chronic-kidney disease, parents and professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 fathers and 24 mothers who had recently tested the novel application. Data were analysed using Framework Analysis and the Communities of Practice concept. Results Evolving communities of child-healthcare practice were identified comprising three components and several sub components: (1) Experiencing (parents making sense of clinical tasks) through Normalising care, Normalising illness, Acceptance & action, Gaining strength from the affected child and Building relationships to formalise a routine; (2) Doing (Parents executing tasks according to their individual skills) illustrated by Developing coping strategies, Importance of parents’ efficacy of care and Fear of the child’s health failing; and (3) Belonging/Becoming (Parents defining task and group members’ worth and creating a personal identity within the community) consisting of Information sharing, Negotiation with health professionals and Achieving expertise in care. Parents also recalled factors affecting the development of their respective communities of healthcare practice; these included Service transition, Poor parent social life, Psycho-social affects, Family chronic illness, Difficulty in learning new procedures, Shielding and avoidance, and Language and cultural barriers. Health care professionals will benefit from using the communities of child-healthcare practice model when they support parents of children with chronic kidney disease. Conclusions Understanding some of the factors that may influence the development of communities of child-healthcare practice will help professionals to tailor information and support for parents learning to manage their child’s healthcare. Our results are potentially transferrable to professionals managing the care of children and young people with other long-term conditions. PMID:25001236

  19. Serological Findings in a Child with Paroxysmal Cold Haemoglobinuria

    PubMed Central

    Salido, Eduardo J.; Cabañas, Valentín; Macizo, María I.; García-Candel, Faustino; Pérez-López, Raúl

    2014-01-01

    PCH is a rare autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) but is one of the most common causes of AIAH in children. For the diagnosis, it is important to perform the appropriate methods of serological investigation and show the typical biphasic reaction. This is a case report of a child who presented with features of haemolysis and was diagnosed with PCH of this way. PMID:25371680

  20. PchC Thioesterase Optimizes Nonribosomal Biosynthesis of the Peptide Siderophore Pyochelin in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    PubMed Central

    Reimmann, Cornelia; Patel, Hiten M.; Walsh, Christopher T.; Haas, Dieter

    2004-01-01

    In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the antibiotic dihydroaeruginoate (Dha) and the siderophore pyochelin are produced from salicylate and cysteine by a thiotemplate mechanism involving the peptide synthetases PchE and PchF. A thioesterase encoded by the pchC gene was found to be necessary for maximal production of both Dha and pyochelin, but it was not required for Dha release from PchE and could not replace the thioesterase function specified by the C-terminal domain of PchF. In vitro, 2-aminobutyrate, a cysteine analog, was adenylated by purified PchE and PchF proteins. In vivo, this analog strongly interfered with Dha and pyochelin formation in a pchC deletion mutant but affected production of these metabolites only slightly in the wild type. Exogenously supplied cysteine overcame the negative effect of a pchC mutation to a large extent, whereas addition of salicylate did not. These data are in agreement with a role for PchC as an editing enzyme that removes wrongly charged molecules from the peptidyl carrier protein domains of PchE and PchF. PMID:15375116

  1. “To observe well … and thence to make himself rules”: John Locke’s principles and practice of child healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A N Williams

    2007-01-01

    It is often forgotten that the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) was a highly regarded physician with a lifelong interest in medicine and was frequently consulted on medical matters, including the health of children. This child health aspect in Locke’s history has been largely ignored, with even modern commentaries on Locke and medicine giving it only a cursory mention. However, it

  2. Pervasive Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Upkar Varshney

    2003-01-01

    The US healthcare industry is confronting a number of challenges, including skyrocketing costs, a growing incidence of medical errors, inadequate staffing, and lack of coverage in rural and underserved urban areas. Healthcare workers are under increasing pressure to provide better services to more people using limited financial and human resources. One proposed solution to the current crisis is pervasive healthcare.

  3. Improving Healthcare for Children Entering Foster Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risley-Curtiss, Christina; Stites, Belva

    2007-01-01

    Despite the fact that children in foster care are, perhaps, the most vulnerable children, healthcare for them has been lacking woefully for many years. A growing body of research has documented the need for such care as well as the failure of child welfare agencies to make major improvements in providing healthcare to foster children. Nonetheless,…

  4. Healthcare fundamentals.

    PubMed

    Kauk, Justin; Hill, Austin D; Althausen, Peter L

    2014-07-01

    In order for a trauma surgeon to have an intelligent discussion with hospital administrators, healthcare plans, policymakers, or any other physicians, a basic understanding of the fundamentals of healthcare is paramount. It is truly shocking how many surgeons are unable to describe the difference between Medicare and Medicaid or describe how hospitals and physicians get paid. These topics may seem burdensome but they are vital to all business decision making in the healthcare field. The following chapter provides further insight about what we call "the basics" of providing medical care today. Most of the topics presented can be applied to all specialties of medicine. It is broken down into 5 sections. The first section is a brief overview of government programs, their influence on care delivery and reimbursement, and past and future legislation. Section 2 focuses on the compliance, care provision, and privacy statutes that regulate physicians who care for Medicare/Medicaid patient populations. With a better understanding of these obligations, section 3 discusses avenues by which physicians can stay informed of current and pending health policy and provides ways that they can become involved in shaping future legislation. The fourth section changes gears slightly by explaining how the concepts of trade restraint, libel, antitrust legislation, and indemnity relate to physician practice. The fifth, and final, section ties all of components together by describing how physician-hospital alignment can be mutually beneficial in providing patient care under current healthcare policy legislation. PMID:24918828

  5. [Youth Healthcare guideline 'Skin disorders'].

    PubMed

    Deurloo, Jacqueline A; van Gameren-Oosterom, Helma B M; Kamphuis, Mascha

    2012-01-01

    There is a high incidence of skin disorders; these are also frequently encountered within Youth Healthcare (YHC). Some skin disorders are caused by an underlying disease, syndrome or child abuse. Therefore, detection of these causes in an early stage is important. Skin disorders can have a huge psychosocial impact on both child and parents. This is one of the reasons why prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, referral, and uniform advice and guidance are of great importance. The YHC Guideline examines counselling and advice, criteria for referral to primary or secondary healthcare, and skincare in general. It also describes the disorders that should be actively detected. The Guideline also looks at specific aspects of dark skins and ethnic diversity, and the impact of skin disorders on general wellbeing. The accompanying web-based tool includes argumentation and opinions from experts on more than 75 skin disorders, including illustrations and decision trees, to aid the drawing up of a treatment plan. PMID:23151335

  6. Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat

    E-print Network

    Murray, Timothy D.

    Resistance to Oculimacula yallundae and Oculimacula acuformis is conferred by Pch2 in wheat K. L University, Pullman, WA 99164-6430, USA The recent report of a differential response of wheat lines of resistance against both O. yallundae and O. acu- formis under these conditions. Keywords: eyespot of wheat

  7. MOLECULAR AND NEUROIMAGING FINDINGS IN PONTOCEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA TYPE 2 (PCH2): IS PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS POSSIBLE?

    PubMed Central

    Graham, John M.; Spencer, Andrew H.; Grinberg, Inessa; Niesen, Charles E.; Platt, Lawrence D.; Maya, Marcel; Namavar, Yasmin; Baas, Frank; Dobyns, William B.

    2010-01-01

    The pontocerebellar hypoplasias (PCH) are a group of early-onset, autosomal recessive disorders resulting in abnormal growth and function of the brainstem and cerebellum. PCH type 2 (PCH2) is characterized by respiratory and feeding difficulties at birth, extrapyramidal dyskinesia, severe developmental impairment, progressive microcephaly and frequent death in childhood. Neuropathologic findings include diffuse cerebral gliosis with white matter changes, hypoplastic pons with depletion of neurons in the pontine nuclei, hypoplastic cerebellar hemispheres due to short cerebellar folia with poor branching, segmental loss of dentate, inferior olivary, and ventral pontine nuclei, and near absence of transverse pontine fibers with preservation of long fiber tracts and spinal anterior horn cells. On brain imaging, the cerebellar hemispheres appear very flat, and are more severely involved than the vermis. Most patients with PCH2 have mutations in TSEN54, with occasional mutations found in TSEN34 or TSEN2, genes that encode subunits of tRNA splicing endonuclease. Although this is a congenital disorder of pontocerebellar dysgenesis with fetal onset of neurodegeneration and symptoms at birth, prenatal imaging is unreliable in diagnosing this disorder in utero. We report on IVF dizygous twins with detailed prenatal imaging that failed to reveal any cerebellar abnormalities. Direct sequence analysis of TSEN54 showed homozygosity for c.919G>T, the common founder mutation in most PCH2 patients, and both parents were heterozygous for this mutation. We found no evidence of cerebellar dysgenesis on prenatal ultrasounds, but MRI tractography showed absence of pontine crossing fibers, a unique feature that might be useful for prenatal diagnosis of this condition. PMID:20803644

  8. Factors Affecting Mothers' Healthcare-Seeking Behaviour for Childhood Illnesses in a Rural Nigerian Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdulraheem, I. S.; Parakoyi, D. B.

    2009-01-01

    Appropriate healthcare-seeking behaviour could prevent a significant number of child deaths and complications due to ill health. Improving mothers' care-seeking behaviour could also contribute in reducing a large number of child morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This article aims to determine factors affecting healthcare-seeking…

  9. Identification of a candidate gene for the wheat endopeptidase Ep-D1 locus and two other STS markers linked to the eyespot resistance gene Pch1

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Wheat is prone to strawbreaker foot rot (eye- spot), a fungal disease caused by Oculimacula yallundae and O. acuformis. The most effective source of genetic resistance is Pch1, a gene derived from Aegilops ventri- cosa. The endopeptidase isozyme marker allele Ep-D1b, linked to Pch1, has been shown t...

  10. Structure-function Study of PchB, an Isochorismate-Pyruvate Lyase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    E-print Network

    Ouellette, Andrew Nicholas

    2011-07-31

    towards the transition state and rate enhancements over the uncatalyzed reaction on the order of 102 to 105 are observed.4 When catalysis is dependent on H+ (H3O +) or OH- ions from water alone within the active site it is referred to as 6 specific... of isochorismate which promotes the breaking of the ether bond between C3 and O7 resulting in the release of the enolpyruvate tail as pyruvate and the formation of salicylate from isochorismate (Figure 2-1, B). PchB’s adventitious CM activity catalyzes...

  11. Mapping healthcare information technology

    E-print Network

    Crawford, William Charles Richards

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

  12. Healthcare Delivery Research Blog

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Search form Search Search Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Toggle navigation Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Home Blog Purpose and Policies About HDRP Contact Us Subscribe

  13. Possibilities for Healthcare Computing

    E-print Network

    Szolovits, Peter

    Advances in computing technology promise to aid in achieving the goals of healthcare. We review how such changes can support each of the goals of healthcare as identified by the U.S. Institute of Medicine: safety, ...

  14. A Historical Perspective on National Child Mental Health Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lourie, Ira S.; Hernandez, Mario

    2003-01-01

    This article traces historical attempts to form a comprehensive child mental health policy in the United States and discusses the latest unsuccessful attempts at the creation of such a policy through the managed behavioral healthcare revolution and the Child and Adolescent Service System Program and Child Mental Health Services initiative.…

  15. Measuring Value in Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Gardner

    2008-01-01

    A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of

  16. Healthcare. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

    2012-01-01

    This executive summary highlights several findings about healthcare. These are: (1) Healthcare is 18 percent of the U.S. economy, twice as high as in other countries; (2) There are two labor markets in healthcare: high-skill, high-wage professional and technical jobs and low-skill, low-wage support jobs; (3) Demand for postsecondary education in…

  17. Healthcare Financing and Funding

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    and Cost 3. Need to Rely on Physician's Recommendation #12;Healthcare Finance and Management RevenueHealthcare Financing and Funding #12;Objectives Who pays for healthcare How the present of Community of Medicine: Who we are Professionalism Community Service Systems thinking Finance #12;No Market

  18. After the Shots... What to Do If Your Child Has Discomfort

    MedlinePLUS

    ... you talk to your child’s healthcare provider first. Acetaminophen (Tylenol or another brand): How much to give? ... consumers to carefully read the labels of liquid acetaminophen marketed for infants to avoid giving the wrong ...

  19. Arabidopsis PCH2 Mediates Meiotic Chromosome Remodeling and Maturation of Crossovers.

    PubMed

    Lambing, Christophe; Osman, Kim; Nuntasoontorn, Komsun; West, Allan; Higgins, James D; Copenhaver, Gregory P; Yang, Jianhua; Armstrong, Susan J; Mechtler, Karl; Roitinger, Elisabeth; Franklin, F Chris H

    2015-07-01

    Meiotic chromosomes are organized into linear looped chromatin arrays by a protein axis localized along the loop-bases. Programmed remodelling of the axis occurs during prophase I of meiosis. Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) has revealed dynamic changes in the chromosome axis in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica oleracea. We show that the axis associated protein ASY1 is depleted during zygotene concomitant with synaptonemal complex (SC) formation. Study of an Atpch2 mutant demonstrates this requires the conserved AAA+ ATPase, PCH2, which localizes to the sites of axis remodelling. Loss of PCH2 leads to a failure to deplete ASY1 from the axes and compromizes SC polymerisation. Immunolocalization of recombination proteins in Atpch2 indicates that recombination initiation and CO designation during early prophase I occur normally. Evidence suggests that CO interference is initially functional in the mutant but there is a defect in CO maturation following designation. This leads to a reduction in COs and a failure to form COs between some homologous chromosome pairs leading to univalent chromosomes at metaphase I. Genetic analysis reveals that CO distribution is also affected in some chromosome regions. Together these data indicate that the axis remodelling defect in Atpch2 disrupts normal patterned formation of COs. PMID:26182244

  20. Arabidopsis PCH2 Mediates Meiotic Chromosome Remodeling and Maturation of Crossovers

    PubMed Central

    West, Allan; Higgins, James D.; Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Yang, Jianhua; Armstrong, Susan J.; Mechtler, Karl; Roitinger, Elisabeth; Franklin, F. Chris H.

    2015-01-01

    Meiotic chromosomes are organized into linear looped chromatin arrays by a protein axis localized along the loop-bases. Programmed remodelling of the axis occurs during prophase I of meiosis. Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) has revealed dynamic changes in the chromosome axis in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica oleracea. We show that the axis associated protein ASY1 is depleted during zygotene concomitant with synaptonemal complex (SC) formation. Study of an Atpch2 mutant demonstrates this requires the conserved AAA+ ATPase, PCH2, which localizes to the sites of axis remodelling. Loss of PCH2 leads to a failure to deplete ASY1 from the axes and compromizes SC polymerisation. Immunolocalization of recombination proteins in Atpch2 indicates that recombination initiation and CO designation during early prophase I occur normally. Evidence suggests that CO interference is initially functional in the mutant but there is a defect in CO maturation following designation. This leads to a reduction in COs and a failure to form COs between some homologous chromosome pairs leading to univalent chromosomes at metaphase I. Genetic analysis reveals that CO distribution is also affected in some chromosome regions. Together these data indicate that the axis remodelling defect in Atpch2 disrupts normal patterned formation of COs. PMID:26182244

  1. Human trafficking and the healthcare professional.

    PubMed

    Barrows, Jeffrey; Finger, Reginald

    2008-05-01

    Despite the legislation passed in the 19th century outlawing human slavery, it is more widespread today than at the conclusion of the civil war. Modern human slavery, termed human trafficking, comes in several forms. The most common type of human trafficking is sex trafficking, the sale of women and children into prostitution. Labor trafficking is the sale of men, women, and children into hard labor for which they receive little or no compensation. Other forms of trafficking include child soldiering, war brides, and organ removal. Healthcare professionals play a critical role in both finding victims of human trafficking while they are still in captivity, as well as caring for their mental and physical needs upon release. Those working in the healthcare profession need to be educated regarding how a trafficking victim may present, as well as their unique healthcare needs. PMID:18414161

  2. Child Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than physical ...

  3. Child Poverty and Child Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Jonathan

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the evidence on the prevalence of child poverty in Britain including: (1) how child poverty has changed over the last 20 years; (2) how child poverty in Britain compares with that in other countries; (3) characteristics of poor children; (4) impact of poverty on child well-being; and (5) government attempts to abolish child poverty. (SD)

  4. Healthcare MBA Prepare to Find Healthcare Management Solutions

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    .5 Macroeconomics for the Global Economy 1.5 International Management 1.5 Management of Information Systems 1 and Healthcare 1.5 Disaster Management in Healthcare Organizations 1.5 Quality and Performance Improvement 1Healthcare MBA onLine #12;Prepare to Find Healthcare Management Solutions Healthcare is changing

  5. Informatics for Healthcare Epidemiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bala Hota

    \\u000a A major effort in healthcare epidemiology is the surveillance of healthcare associated infections (HAIs). Increasingly, HAIs\\u000a are viewed as preventable and as a marker of healthcare quality. The automation of the surveillance of HAIs could have several\\u000a benefits: for institutions, it could allow infection control programs to focus on the prevention, not simply the measurement,\\u000a of infection. For policy makers,

  6. Colorectal Therapies Healthcare Technology

    E-print Network

    Dimitrova, Vania

    Colorectal Therapies Healthcare Technology Co-operative SEMINAR 31 January 2014 Lecture Theatre C coordinates the fundamental, technological and translational research of 110 academics and consultants

  7. Smart Healthcare Applications and Services

    E-print Network

    Julien, Christine

    Smart Healthcare Applications and Services: Developments and Practices Carsten Röcker RWTH Aachen trademark. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Smart healthcare applications and services, psychological, and technical aspects of smart healthcare applications as well as their consequences

  8. Decision support in healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul D. Clayton; George Hripcsak

    1995-01-01

    To address the recognized problems associated with information overload and limited human memory, computerbased systems which help healthcare providers use information to make better decisions have been developed and implemented. These decision aids are designed to improve the quality and reduce the cost of healthcare. Currently, the most widely used computer application is to simply provide needed facts about the

  9. Healthcare. State Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

    2012-01-01

    This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

  10. Simulation in Healthcare

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Students learn how engineering design is applied to solve healthcare problems by using an engineering tool called simulation. While engineering design is commonly used to study and design everything from bridges, factories, airports to space shuttles, the use of engineering design to study healthcare administration and delivery is a relatively new concept.

  11. What the Medical Records Revolution Means to Your Special Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorsett, Tom

    2008-01-01

    As every exceptional parent knows, the needs of a special child are, simply put, special. For every area of life, an extra amount of thought and care must be taken--whether it is education, traveling considerations, and, especially, healthcare. However, it is in the area of healthcare that parents say they face the most challenge. For years,…

  12. Healthcare waste management: Current practices in selected healthcare facilities, Botswana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bontle Mbongwe; Baagi T. Mmereki; Andrew Magashula

    2008-01-01

    Healthcare waste management continues to present an array of challenges for developing countries, and Botswana is no exception. The possible impact of healthcare waste on public health and the environment has received a lot of attention such that Waste Management dedicated a special issue to the management of healthcare waste (Healthcare Wastes Management, 2005. Waste Management 25(6) 567–665). As the

  13. Apps for hearing healthcare.

    PubMed

    Paglialonga, Alessia; Tognola, Gabriella; Pinciroli, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    The hearing healthcare scenario is rapidly evolving due to the pervasive use of m-Health solutions, in particular mobile apps. This brings along significant advantages and opportunities (e.g., accessibility, affordability, personalized healthcare, patient empowerment) as well as significant potential risks and threats (e.g., safety, misuse, quality issues, privacy). Our research aims at the identification and assessment of apps in the hearing healthcare domain. In this article we present an overview of the current availability, variety, and penetration of hearing-related apps. PMID:25991233

  14. Justice, health, and healthcare.

    PubMed

    Daniels, N

    2001-01-01

    Healthcare (including public health) is special because it protects normal functioning, which in turn protects the range of opportunities open to individuals. I extend this account in two ways. First, since the distribution of goods other than healthcare affect population health and its distribution, I claim that Rawls's principles of justice describe a fair distribution of the social determinants of health, giving a partial account of when health inequalities are unjust. Second, I supplement a principled account of justice for health and healthcare with an account of fair process for setting limits of rationing care. This account is provided by three conditions that comprise "accountability for reasonableness." PMID:11951872

  15. [Healthcare occupations are "different"].

    PubMed

    Heubel, F

    2014-08-01

    Healthcare requires careful coordination of several occupations. In order to attain the best possible result, including effectiveness and cost-efficiency, the specific expertise of each of these occupations must be clearly defined. Healthcare occupations, physicians and nurses, are indeed professions as opposed to mere "jobs". They are concerned with living but ill human beings and not with things. Reliance on a personal capacity of judgment is a decisive aspect of professions. Healthcare professionals perform best if they are granted specific independence relative to their work. PMID:24902534

  16. Situational Change Engineering in Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anke Gericke; Robert Winter

    2006-01-01

    Many developed countries are confronted with continuously increasing healthcare costs. Most administrations believe that a fundamental reorganization of the healthcare sector is inevitable. Transformation processes are often enabled by information and communication technologies. For healthcare, a plethora of eHealth strategies have been proposed, many of them being aimed at reducing healthcare costs by optimizing administrative processes. Although lots of strategies

  17. Healthcare Agents: Being One

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Directives Storing Your Advance Directives Healthcare Agents: Being One Advocating for your loved one can be a difficult task. You should ensure ... responsibility and have ongoing conversations with your loved ones about their wishes for end-of-life care. ...

  18. Child Nutrition

    MedlinePLUS

    A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

  19. Culturally competent healthcare systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurie M Anderson; Susan C Scrimshaw; Mindy T Fullilove; Jonathan E Fielding; Jacques Normand

    2003-01-01

    OverviewCulturally competent healthcare systems—those that provide culturally and linguistically appropriate services—have the potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities. When clients do not understand what their healthcare providers are telling them, and providers either do not speak the client’s language or are insensitive to cultural differences, the quality of health care can be compromised. We reviewed five interventions to

  20. Expect the Best for Your Child's Dental Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casamassimo, Paul

    2007-01-01

    Too many parents of children with special healthcare needs come upon dental care for their child out of necessity or urgency. In order to make the relationship most beneficial, the preferred way is to establish a Dental Home during the child's infancy. The Dental Home is the oral health corollary of the Medical Home concept that the American…

  1. Child abuse.

    PubMed

    Troiano, Maryann

    2011-12-01

    Child abuse can have a long-lasting and devastating effect on the growth and development of infants, children, and adolescents. Studies of abused and neglected children indicate that they have a higher rate of delayed intellectual development, poor school performance, aggressive behaviors, and social and relationship deficits compared with nonmaltreated children. Early recognition and appropriate treatment is one of the most important factors in preventing further child abuse and maltreatment. Every practitioner should be educated on the signs and symptoms of child abuse. The referral to child protective services is a necessity for the future well-being of the child. PMID:22055898

  2. The health of healthcare, Part II: patient healthcare has cancer.

    PubMed

    Waldman, Deane

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we make the etiologic diagnosis for a sick patient named Healthcare: the cancer of greed. When we explore the two forms of this cancer--corporate and bureaucratic--we find the latter is the greater danger to We the Patients. The "treatments" applied to patient Healthcare by the Congressional "doctors" have consistently made the patient worse, not better. At the core of healthcare's woes is the government's diversion of money from healthcare services to healthcare bureaucracy. As this is the root cause, it is what we must address in order to cure, not sedate or palliate, patient Healthcare. PMID:24236323

  3. "He will ask why the child gets sick so often": the gendered dynamics of intra-household bargaining over healthcare for children with fever in the Volta Region of Ghana.

    PubMed

    Tolhurst, Rachel; Amekudzi, Yaa Peprah; Nyonator, Frank K; Bertel Squire, S; Theobald, Sally

    2008-03-01

    This paper explores the gendered dynamics of intra-household bargaining around treatment seeking for children with fever revealed through two qualitative research studies in the Volta Region of Ghana, and discusses the influence of different gender and health discourses on the likely policy implications drawn from such findings. Methods used included focus group discussions, in-depth and critical incidence interviews, and Participatory Learning and Action methods. We found that treatment seeking behaviour for children was influenced by norms of decision-making power and 'ownership' of children, access to and control over resources to pay for treatment, norms of responsibility for payment, marital status, household living arrangements, and the quality of relationships between mothers, fathers and elders. However, the implications of these findings may be interpreted from different perspectives. Most studies that have considered gender in relation to malaria have done so within a narrow biomedical approach to health that focuses only on the outcomes of gender relations in terms of the (non-)utilisation of allopathic healthcare. However, we argue that a 'gender transformatory' approach, which aims to promote women's empowerment, needs to include but go beyond this model, to consider broader potential outcomes of intra-household bargaining for women's and men's interests, including their livelihoods and 'bargaining positions'. PMID:18166257

  4. Healthcare Software Assurance

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, Jason G.; Pauley, Keith A.

    2006-01-01

    Software assurance is a rigorous, lifecycle phase-independent set of activities which ensure completeness, safety, and reliability of software processes and products. This is accomplished by guaranteeing conformance to all requirements, standards, procedures, and regulations. These assurance processes are even more important when coupled with healthcare software systems, embedded software in medical instrumentation, and other healthcare-oriented life-critical systems. The current Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory requirements and guidance documentation do not address certain aspects of complete software assurance activities. In addition, the FDA’s software oversight processes require enhancement to include increasingly complex healthcare systems such as Hospital Information Systems (HIS). The importance of complete software assurance is introduced, current regulatory requirements and guidance discussed, and the necessity for enhancements to the current processes shall be highlighted. PMID:17238324

  5. Characteristics of healthcare wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Diaz, L.F. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States)], E-mail: ludiaz@calrecovery.com; Eggerth, L.L. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States); Enkhtsetseg, Sh. [Ministry of Health, Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia); Savage, G.M. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States)

    2008-07-01

    A comprehensive understanding of the quantities and characteristics of the material that needs to be managed is one of the most basic steps in the development of a plan for solid waste management. In this case, the material under consideration is the solid waste generated in healthcare facilities, also known as healthcare waste. Unfortunately, limited reliable information is available in the open literature on the quantities and characteristics of the various types of wastes that are generated in healthcare facilities. Thus, sound management of these wastes, particularly in developing countries, often is problematic. This article provides information on the quantities and properties of healthcare wastes in various types of facilities located in developing countries, as well as in some industrialized countries. Most of the information has been obtained from the open literature, although some information has been collected by the authors and from reports available to the authors. Only data collected within approximately the last 15 years and using prescribed methodologies are presented. The range of hospital waste generation (both infectious and mixed solid waste fractions) varies from 0.016 to 3.23 kg/bed-day. The relatively wide variation is due to the fact that some of the facilities surveyed in Ulaanbaatar include out-patient services and district health clinics; these facilities essentially provide very basic services and thus the quantities of waste generated are relatively small. On the other hand, the reported amount of infectious (clinical, yellow bag) waste varied from 0.01 to 0.65 kg/bed-day. The characteristics of the components of healthcare wastes, such as the bulk density and the calorific value, have substantial variability. This literature review and the associated attempt at a comparative analysis point to the need for worldwide consensus on the terms and characteristics that describe wastes from healthcare facilities. Such a consensus would greatly facilitate comparative analyses among different facilities, studies and countries.

  6. Studies of the oxovanadium-organophosphonate system. The synthesis and crystal structure of (Et 3NH) 2 [(VO) 2(acac) 2(O 3PCH 2PO 3)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jose Salta; Jon Zubieta

    1996-01-01

    The reaction of [VO(acac)2], methylenediphosphonic acid and triethylamine in acetonitrile at 110°C for 60 h yields (Et3NH)2-[(VO)2(acac)2(O3PCH2PO3)] (1). The structure of 1 consists of two {VO(acac)} moieties linked by a methylenediphosphonate group in the bisbidentate bridging mode. The {(VO)2(O3PCH2PO3)} core of 1 provides a fundamental structural motif for one-dimensional oxovanadium methylenediphosphonate phases. Crystal data: C23H48N2O12P2V2: orthorhombic P22121, a = 9.767(2),

  7. Healthcare system's operational security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mazie Johnson; Syed Rahman

    2011-01-01

    Computer Security is a concept of protection designated to information system to accommodate the fundamental security objectives for data, information and computer services [1]. The goal of this research paper is to implement a security plan for the Lawson healthcare organization to assist with protecting and providing a secure information transmission and exchange of public and private data. The current

  8. EMC and wireless healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Witters; Seth Seidman; Howard Bassen

    2010-01-01

    Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is a critical part of addressing the risks related to the effects of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on active medical devices exposed to emissions from wireless technology. In addition, for wireless technology in healthcare to be safe, effective, reliable, and secure specific wireless issues must also be addressed including quality of service, coexistence with other wireless equipment, data

  9. Berkeley SHIP & Healthcare

    E-print Network

    Walker, Matthew P.

    Berkeley SHIP & Healthcare Reform: What's Right for You? December 11, 2013 #12;Why are we here? · Help you understand your insurance options · Give you time to ask questions · Talk to Berkeley SHIP. · SHIP's plan meets all ACA requirements. · Reminder: all UC students are required to have health

  10. Security in Healthcare Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. O. Omogbadegun

    2006-01-01

    Healthcare informatics affirm that healthcare presents most problems of user control with disparate, individualized and often vulnerable users having little information with which to assess service quality and little choice, at least within the formal hospital sector. Also, consultative experience in many Healthcare Organization (HCO) IT environments strongly suggests that technical security fundamentals are consistently neglected. Integrated network and systems

  11. HEALTHCARE FINANCE Louis C. Gapenski

    E-print Network

    Kane, Andrew S.

    ); health economics and the insurance system (HSA 6436 and 6126); healthcare finance fundamentals (HSA 51741 HSA 6177 HEALTHCARE FINANCE Louis C. Gapenski Fall 2012 COURSE SYLLABUS TIME Wednesday: 11:45 a days: 9:00 ­ 11:00 a.m.; Other times by appointment. TEXTS Gapenski, Cases in Healthcare Finance, 4th

  12. Healing, healthcare, missions, the church.

    PubMed

    Jarlsberg, Connie

    2014-01-01

    Churches throughout history have modeled ministry on Jesus' life of reaching out, teaching, preaching, and healing. Kampala Baptist Church (KBC) in Uganda is one such church that works to care spiritually and physically for their community. Partnering with local healthcare providers and short- and long-term healthcare missionaries, the church is transforming lives. Read about KBC and explore healthcare missions ministry. PMID:24592600

  13. Assessing maternal healthcare inequities among migrants: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Almeida, Lígia Moreira; Caldas, José Peixoto; Ayres-de-Campos, Diogo; Dias, Sónia

    2014-02-01

    Considering pregnancy and motherhood as periods of increased vulnerability in migrant women, to characterize the healthcare provided to this collective, we sought to identify and understand patterns of satisfaction and demand of maternal and child healthcare, assessing women's perceptions about its quality. The study followed a qualitative methodology (semi-structured interviews) for collecting and analysing data (content analysis) and was conducted in Porto, the second largest city of Portugal. Participants were 25 recent immigrant mothers from Eastern European countries, Brazil, Portuguese-speaking African countries and six native Portuguese recent mothers (for comparison), contacted through social associations and institutions. Data suggests that healthcare depends not only on accessibility but especially on social opportunities. Equitable public health action must provide individuals and groups the equal opportunity to meet their needs, which may not be achieved by providing the same standard if care to all. PMID:24627061

  14. Spleen removal - child - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

  15. The German healthcare system.

    PubMed

    Döring, Andrea; Paul, Friedemann

    2010-12-01

    The foundation of Germany's healthcare system is derived from Germany's Basic Law (Grundgesetz), which obliges the state to provide social services to its citizens (Articles 20, 28 of the Basic Law). Specifically, the state must ensure sufficient, needs-based ambulatory and inpatient medical treatment, in qualitative and quantitative terms, as well as guarantee the provision of medicine. The federal government may assume this duty itself or delegate it to state governments and institutions in the form of service guarantee contracts (§ 72, German Social Insurance Code, Book V). The following paper provides an overview of the structural organization, individual components and funding of the German healthcare system, which, in its current form, is extremely complex and which even experts find difficult to grasp. PMID:23199108

  16. Innovation Concepts in Healthcare

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2011-01-06

    AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today’s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the “industrialization” of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens’ Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

  17. Achoo Gateway to Healthcare

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Achoo, provided by MNI Systems Corporation, aims to be a comprehensive catalog of healthcare sites. It is organized in a subject hierarchy beginning with human life, practice of medicine, and business of health, and continues with many sub-hierarchies. Each site contains a brief annotation. The directory is searchable. At present Achoo contains thousands of sites. Achoo resembles Yahoo! in construction, and navigation is similar.

  18. Innovation Concepts in Healthcare

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-04-25

    AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today?s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the ?industrialization? of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens? Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

  19. Integrated healthcare information systems.

    PubMed

    Miller, J

    1995-01-01

    When it comes to electronic data processing in healthcare, we offer a guarded, but hopeful, prognosis. To be sure, the age of electronic information processing has hit healthcare. Employers, insurance companies, hospitals, physicians and a host of ancillary service providers are all being ushered into a world of high speed, high tech electronic information. Some are even predicting that the health information business will grow from $20 billion to over $100 billion in a decade. Yet, out industry lags behind other industries in its overall movement to the paperless world. Selecting and installing the most advanced integrated information system isn't a simple task, as we've seen. As in life, compromises can produce less than optimal results. Nevertheless, integrated healthcare systems simply won't achieve their goals without systems designed to support the operation of a continuum of services. That's the reality! It is difficult to read about the wonderful advances in other sectors, while realizing that many trees still fall each year in the name of the health care industry. Yes, there are some outstanding examples of organizations pushing the envelop in a variety of areas. Yet from a very practical standpoint, many (like our physician's office) are still struggling or are on the sidelines wondering what to do. Given the competitive marketplace, organizations without effective systems may not have long to wonder and wait. PMID:10154233

  20. Healthcare Systems and Motivation

    PubMed Central

    Loewy, Erich H.

    2007-01-01

    Despite the fact that most American physicians, at least until around the 1970s, stood in the way of developing a universal healthcare system, most are generally not happy with the current state of healthcare – or its lack thereof – today. The primary reasons for this general unhappiness are that insurance companies and managed care have successfully conspired to remove much of the physician's autonomy (via imposed time constraints, burdensome paperwork, the time-consuming chore of having to defend going against stringent treatment algorithms that are often inappropriate for some patients) and the satisfaction of knowing their patients. Few physicians in managed care organizations (MCOs) are able to practice without constant and blindly algorithmic interference concerning the diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions they order. As copayments have increased, they often find that patients, even though “covered,” cannot afford the therapy they deem necessary. While physicians expect to earn sufficient to pay back their not insignificant educational debts, provide their children with help through college, and assure retirements sufficient for themselves and their spouses, these should not be considered unreasonable expectations. Most physicians today do favor universal healthcare – to the point of having included such language in their various professional codes of ethics (which, perversely enough, bioethicists as a group have failed to do). Contrary to the claims of our colleagues, Altom and Churchill, physicians seem to be genuinely frustrated as to what else they can do to change the current inequitable system. PMID:17435646

  1. Data mining applications in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Koh, Hian Chye; Tan, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    Data mining has been used intensively and extensively by many organizations. In healthcare, data mining is becoming increasingly popular, if not increasingly essential. Data mining applications can greatly benefit all parties involved in the healthcare industry. For example, data mining can help healthcare insurers detect fraud and abuse, healthcare organizations make customer relationship management decisions, physicians identify effective treatments and best practices, and patients receive better and more affordable healthcare services. The huge amounts of data generated by healthcare transactions are too complex and voluminous to be processed and analyzed by traditional methods. Data mining provides the methodology and technology to transform these mounds of data into useful information for decision making. This article explores data mining applications in healthcare. In particular, it discusses data mining and its applications within healthcare in major areas such as the evaluation of treatment effectiveness, management of healthcare, customer relationship management, and the detection of fraud and abuse. It also gives an illustrative example of a healthcare data mining application involving the identification of risk factors associated with the onset of diabetes. Finally, the article highlights the limitations of data mining and discusses some future directions. PMID:15869215

  2. Child Development

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and share it with the child’s doctor. More Child Development Facts Developmental Screening Screening for Professionals Positive Parenting Tips Infants (0-1 year) Toddlers (1-2 years) Toddlers (2-3 years) Preschoolers ( ...

  3. Provider Factors in Healthcare Disparities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Christopher Gibbons

    Several factors related to healthcare providers may be associated with healthcare disparities. Communication is fundamental\\u000a to the healthcare process. Patient–provider communication is a multidimensional concept relating in part to both providers\\u000a and patients. This chapter will discuss those aspects of patient–provider communication more closely related to the provider.\\u000a Chapter 3 will discuss those patient-provider communication issues more closely related to

  4. Determining a healthcare organization's value.

    PubMed

    Hahn, W

    1994-08-01

    As the consolidation activity among healthcare providers increases, it becomes more important than ever for healthcare financial managers to understand how to determine a healthcare organization's fair market value. There are many methods of determining an organization's value, but three general methods are the foundation of all others: the market comparable method, the underlying assets method, and the income, or cash flow, method. PMID:10146044

  5. Ethical issues in healthcare financing.

    PubMed

    Maharaj, S R; Paul, T J

    2011-07-01

    The four goals of good healthcare are to relieve symptoms, cure disease, prolong life and improve quality of life. Access to healthcare has been a perpetual challenge to healthcare providers who must take into account important factors such as equity, efficiency and effectiveness in designing healthcare systems to meet the four goals of good healthcare. The underlying philosophy may designate health as being a basic human right, an investment, a commodity to be bought and sold, a political demand or an expenditure. The design, policies and operational arrangements will usually reflect which of the above philosophies underpin the healthcare system, and consequently, access. Mechanisms for funding include fee-for-service, cost sharing (insurance, either private or government sponsored) free-of-fee at point of delivery (payments being made through general taxes, health levies, etc) or cost-recovery. For each of these methods of financial access to healthcare services, there are ethical issues which can compromise the four principles of ethical practices in healthcare, viz beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice. In times of economic recession, providing adequate healthcare will require governments, with support from external agencies, to focus on poverty reduction strategies through provision of preventive services such as immunization and nutrition, delivered at primary care facilities. To maximize the effect of such policies, it will be necessary to integrate policies to fashion an intersectoral approach. PMID:22097685

  6. Concepts in service marketing for healthcare professionals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher L Corbin; Scott W Kelley; Richard W Schwartz

    2001-01-01

    Patients are becoming increasingly involved in making healthcare choices as their burden of healthcare costs continues to escalate. At the same time, healthcare has entered a tightened market economy. For these reasons, the marketing of healthcare services has become essential for the financial survival of physicians and healthcare organizations. Physicians can successfully use the fundamental service marketing principles proven by

  7. Involving Healthcare Consumers in Knowledge Acquisition for Virtual Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Moncur; Saad Mahamood; Ehud Reiter; Yvonne Freer

    Knowledge acquisition (KA) is essential to creating effective virtual healthcare systems. KA is typica lly done with expert users such as clinicians and psychologi sts. In this paper, we describe knowledge acquisition activ ities which we carried out with healthcare consumers, in the context of a project to generate English summaries of medical data about babies in a neonatal intensive

  8. Information Technology and Healthcare

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

  9. Child Care Aware

    MedlinePLUS

    ... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

  10. Child's Hearing Loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... regarding your child?s educational needs in the future. Speech/ Language Pathologist (SLP) This professional will evaluate the impact of your child?s hearing loss on speech/language development, and monitor his/her progress, noting ...

  11. Child Passenger Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Child Passenger Safety Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Technical Report Podcasts on Child Passenger Safety CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety [ ...

  12. Supernetworks in Healthcare Humanitarian Operations

    E-print Network

    Nagurney, Anna

    Supernetworks in Healthcare and Humanitarian Operations Anna Nagurney Isenberg School of Management of goods as well as services in our globalized Network Economy. Supply chains, in their most fundamental of Supply Chains That We Focus on in This Talk Anna Nagurney Supernetworks #12;Healthcare Supply Chains Anna

  13. Wireless Sensor Networks for Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JeongGil Ko; Chenyang Lu; Mani B. Srivastava; John A. Stankovic; Andreas Terzis; Matt Welsh

    2010-01-01

    Driven by the confluence between the need to collect data about people's physical, physiological, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral processes in spaces ranging from personal to urban and the recent availability of the technologies that enable this data collection, wireless sensor networks for healthcare have emerged in the recent years. In this review, we present some representative applications in the healthcare

  14. Secure middleware in ubiquitous healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mangal Sain; Pardeep Kumar; Young-Dong Lee; Hoon Jae Lee

    2010-01-01

    Recent advancement in ubiquitous healthcare evolves to new challenges in ubiquitous communications. Secure communication in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is one of the important issues, especially, when WSN comes to ubiquitous healthcare, where security is main requirement in sensor devices, communication and continuous real-time monitoring of patient in hospital or home network. WSN requires efficient and automated secure communication between

  15. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Consensus-Based Child Abuse Case Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldbeck, L.; Laib-Koehnemund, A.; Fegert, J. M.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: This study evaluates the effects of expert-assisted child abuse and neglect case management in the German child welfare and healthcare system as perceived by the case workers themselves. Methods: Case workers with different professions (social workers, counselors, clinic-based and office-based psychotherapists, and physicians)…

  16. Practical Ways Psychotherapy Can Support Physical Healthcare Experiences for Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hovey, Angela; Stalker, Carol A.; Schachter, Candice L.; Teram, Eli; Lasiuk, Gerri

    2011-01-01

    Many survivors of child sexual abuse who engage in psychotherapy also experience physical health problems. This article summarizes the findings of a multiphased qualitative study about survivors' experiences in healthcare settings. The study informed the development of the "Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from…

  17. [Parental beliefs on medication and satisfaction with child healthcare].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Castillo, Antonio; Vílchez-Lara, María José

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: En este estudio se explora la posible relación entre las creencias de los progenitores sobre la medicación y la satisfacción con la atención médica que reciben sus hijos en dos contextos sanitarios diferentes. Material y métodos: Participaron un total de 1,517 padres y madres cuyos hijos estaban siendo atendidos en centros de atención primaria pediátrica o en centros de urgencias pediátricas de Andalucía Oriental; hubo 489 hombres y 1,028 mujeres. Los instrumentos de investigación utilizados fueron el Cuestionario de Creencias sobre la Medicación y la Escala de Satisfacción con los Servicios Sanitarios. Resultados: Nuestros resultados indican que niveles elevados de creencias negativas sobre la medicación se asocian significativamente a menores niveles de satisfacción con la atención sanitaria recibida. Conclusiones: La satisfacción con la atención sanitaria infantil depende de cuestiones inherentes al sistema sanitario, pero también de variables personales de carácter psicológico como las creencias paternas. PMID:26089270

  18. Globalization of Healthcare

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Globalization—the increasing transnational circulation of money, goods, people, ideas, and information worldwide—is generally recognized as one of the most powerful forces shaping our current and future history. How is it affecting healthcare, and in that context, what is the purpose and significance of Global Advances in Health and Medicine (GAHM), publisher of this journal? Our goal is not homogenization but rather to provide an opportunity for integration, convergence, and collaboration across cultures. By respecting and conserving the richness and diversity of each new medicine, we embrace globalization. Globalization is of course not new; it began in the Renaissance and particularly with the 15th- and 16th-century voyages of exploration by Columbus, Magellan, and others. Since the beginning of time, there have been interactions and exchanges among different peoples and cultures. However, the current magnitude of globalization is unprecedented and yet still expanding rapidly. PMID:24278809

  19. Treatment of Child Abuse Reece Robert Hanson Rochelle Sargent John et al Treatment of Child Abuse 392pp £50 Johns Hopkins University Press 9781421412733 142141273X [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2015-03-01

    PACKED WITH useful information, this American text will be invaluable for healthcare professionals who work in mental health, children's wards and emergency departments, as well as social workers and lawyers acting as child advocates. PMID:25746880

  20. Disobedient Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... privacy, ideas, and personal values? How does the family work out its conflicts? Are disagreements resolved through rational discussion, or do people regularly argue or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually take? How ...

  1. The PCH Family Member MAYP\\/PSTPIP2 Directly Regulates F-Actin Bundling and Enhances Filopodia Formation and Motility in Macrophages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Violeta Chitu; Fiona J. Pixley; Frank Macaluso; Daniel R. Larson; John Condeelis; E. Richard Stanley

    2005-01-01

    Macrophage actin-associated tyrosine phosphorylated protein (MAYP) belongs to the Pombe Cdc15 homology (PCH) family of proteins involved in the regulation of actin-based functions including cell adhesion and motility. In mouse macrophages, MAYP is tyrosine phosphorylated after activation of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R), which also induces actin reorganization, membrane ruffling, cell spreading, polarization, and migration. Because MAYP associates with F-actin,

  2. Introducing the Healthcare Delivery Research Program | Healthcare Delivery Research Blog

    Cancer.gov

    Understanding the many challenges of cancer care is the focus of the new Healthcare Delivery Research Program in the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences at the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

  3. Child Abuse Issues for Child Care Providers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marlys; Koskie, Beth

    Written for child caregivers, this booklet provides very basic information about child abuse and neglect, discusses early warnings that signal when a family is in trouble or when a child is at risk, and indicates how caregivers can helpfully intervene. Also suggested are ways caregivers might protect themselves against the charge of child abuse.…

  4. Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

  5. Narrative medicine and healthcare reform.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Bradley E

    2011-03-01

    Narrative medicine is one of medicine's most important internal reforms, and it should be a critical dimension of healthcare debate. Healthcare reform must eventually ask not only how do we pay for healthcare and how do we distribute it, but more fundamentally, what kind of healthcare do we want? It must ask, in short, what are the goals of medicine? Yet, even though narrative medicine is crucial to answering these pivotal and inescapable questions, it is not easy to describe. Many of its core claims go against the grain of common sense thinking about medicine. This article argues that the best way to understand narrative medicine is to tell a story that puts its emergence in historical context. PMID:21053060

  6. [Controlling risks in healthcare institutions].

    PubMed

    Bertrand, Eric; Noizet, Marc; Cudennec, Tristan

    2013-01-01

    The management of a healthcare institution generates risks through the very hazards of the management process. The management of these risks is integrated into the global safety management process and into the strategic thinking of geriatric hospitals. PMID:23409675

  7. Homebased healthcare : issues and challenges

    E-print Network

    Nagpure, Prashant

    2008-01-01

    Healthcare costs in United States are projected to rise to 20% of GDP by 2015. This is a cause of major concern and current political debate. The largest contributor to this cost is the hospital cost accounting for 30 % ...

  8. magination at work GE Healthcare

    E-print Network

    Lebendiker, Mario

    filtration Principles and Methods Gel Filtration Principles and Methods 18-1022-18 GE Healthcare Life;Foreword Biopharmaceuticals represent the success of the modern pharma industry and are forecasted to take

  9. Healthcare waste management in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. D. Patil; A. V. Shekdar

    2001-01-01

    Health-care waste management in India is receiving greater attention due to recent regulations (the Biomedical Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998). The prevailing situation is analysed covering various issues like quantities and proportion of different constituents of wastes, handling, treatment and disposal methods in various health-care units (HCUs). The waste generation rate ranges between 0·5 and 2·0kg bed?1day?1. It is

  10. [Knowledge management and healthcare organizations].

    PubMed

    Favaretti, Carlo

    2013-10-01

    The present scenario is characterized by a high "environmental turbulence". Healthcare professionals and organizations must increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes for choosing wisely. Healthcare organizations are complex adaptive systems which should use integrated governance systems: knowledge management should be a strategic goal. These organizations should become learning organizations: they should build and renovate their knowledge in a systematic, explicit and definite way. PMID:24326705

  11. Trust and Privacy in Healthcare

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singleton, Peter; Kalra, Dipak

    This paper considers issues of trust and privacy in healthcare around increased data-sharing through Electronic Health Records (EHRs). It uses a model structured around different aspects of trust in the healthcare organisation’s reasons for greater data-sharing and their ability to execute EHR projects, particularly any associated confidentiality controls. It reflects the individual’s personal circumstances and attitude to use of health records.

  12. Campaign 2008: healthcare reform revisited.

    PubMed

    Wilensky, Gail R

    2008-10-01

    *An important lesson to be learned from the failed efforts at healthcare reform of the early 1990s is that successful reform cannot be an all-or-nothing proposition. *The McCain and Obama healthcare plans have some elements in common, but they also have important differences. *Whoever wins the election will face the challenge of persuading Congress to go along with his proposal. PMID:18839667

  13. Healthcare and the Hospital Chaplain

    PubMed Central

    Loewy, Roberta Springer; Loewy, Erich H.

    2007-01-01

    Many chaplains and most chaplaincy programs in the United States – with encouragement from their accrediting organization, the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) – have begun to assume a more proactive stance toward patients, healthcare professionals, and healthcare facilities. Some chaplains and chaplaincy programs have begun to engage in activities that have ranged from initiating conversations with and perusing the medical records of patients who have not requested their services to proposing that they be permitted to do “spiritual assessments” on patients – in some instances whether these patients have been explicitly informed and have agreed to this beforehand. Moreover, many chaplains and chaplaincy programs have begun to assume that chaplains are full-fledged members of the healthcare team, complete with access to patients' medical records both to gather information and to make notations of their own. It would appear that such novel activities are being justified by a questionable set of claims and assumptions that includes: (1) the claim that chaplains have a spiritual – as opposed to purely religious – expertise that entitles them to interact with patients and/or significant others (even those who have not requested a chaplain) – presumably without in the least compromising patient autonomy or the confidentiality of the patient/healthcare professional relationship; (2) the assumption that the terms “spirituality” and “religiosity” mutually entail one another; (3) the claim that the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) mandates “spiritual assessments” (which it does not); (4) the assumption that chaplains are full-fledged members of the healthcare team; and (5) the claim that chaplains must, therefore, be permitted access to patients and patients' medical records both to gather information and to make notations of their own. We consider such claims and assumptions disquieting, and suggest that it is high time we revisit the terms “chaplaincy,” “healthcare professional,” and “member of the healthcare team” in reassessing what our professional commitments to respect and protect the bio-psycho-social integrity of patients require. PMID:17435653

  14. A prescription for Lean healthcare.

    PubMed

    Wood, David

    2014-01-01

    The adoption of Lean in the healthcare industry has been an important advancement, and not just for healthcare management. Evidence suggests that Lean can improve labour and capital efficiencies, reduce the throughput time for patients and enhance the quality of care. However, the adoption of Lean has generated large variations in results and even wider-ranging suggestions on how to implement Lean in a healthcare setting. In this article, the author examines three very similar hospitals that implemented Lean in the emergency department during the same time. Through an examination of longitudinal data and a collection of unstructured interviews, the author found that implementation does make a substantial difference to long-term results. Although the presence of strong and persistent leadership can have favourable results on performance in the short term, these performance improvements are not sustainable. To have a long-term impact, healthcare providers need to engage all of the stakeholders in the healthcare system and create a culture that is continuously focused on the improvement of the patient healthcare experience. PMID:25191804

  15. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    Sexual abuse is one form of child abuse. It includes a wide range of actions between a child and an adult or older child. ... child for pornography is also sexual abuse. Most sexual abusers know the ... If you think a child may have been abused, it's important to report it.

  16. The Burden of Disaster: Part II. Applying Interventions Across the Child’s Social Ecology

    PubMed Central

    Pfefferbaum, Rose L.; Pfefferbaum, Betty; Jacobs, Anne K.; Noffsinger, Mary A.; Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H.

    2014-01-01

    This second of two articles describes the application of disaster mental health interventions within the context of the child’s social ecology consisting of (he Micro-, Meso-, Exo-, and Macrosystems. Microsystem interventions involving parents, siblings, and close friends include family preparedness planning and practice, psychoeducation, role modeling, emotional support, and redirection. Mesosystem interventions provided by schools and faith-based organizations include safety and support, assessment, referral, and counseling. Exosystem interventions include those provided through community-based mental health programs, healthcare organizations, the workplace, the media, local volunteer disaster organizations, and other local organizations. Efforts to build community resilience to disasters are likely to have influence through the Exosystem. The Macrosystem – including the laws, history, cultural and subcultural characteristics, and economic and social conditions that underlie the other systems – affects the child indirectly through public policies and disaster programs and services that become available in the child’s Exosystem in the aftermath of a disaster. The social ecology paradigm, described more fully in a companion article (Noffsinger, Pfefferbaum, Pfefferbaum, Sherrieb, & Norris,2012), emphasizes relationships among systems and can guide the development and delivery of services embedded in naturally-occurring structures in the child’s environment. PMID:23894798

  17. Your Child's Immunizations

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations ... receives. Take Our Quiz! Continue The Vaccines Your Child Needs The following vaccinations and schedules are recommended ...

  18. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... noncontact abuse, such as exposure, voyeurism, and child pornography. Sexually abused children may also develop the following: ... in drawings, games, fantasies unusual aggressiveness, or suicidal behavior Child sexual abusers can make the child very ...

  19. Comprehensibility of universal healthcare symbols for wayfinding in healthcare facilities.

    PubMed

    Lee, Seunghae; Dazkir, Sibel Seda; Paik, Hae Sun; Coskun, Aykut

    2014-07-01

    Healthcare facilities are often complex and overwhelming for visitors, and wayfinding in healthcare facilities can be challenging. As there is an increasing number of global citizens who travel to seek medical care in another country, it is critical to make wayfinding easy for visitors who are not familiar with the language in a foreign country. Among many wayfinding aids, symbols are helpful for those visitors who have limited ability to understand written language. This study tested universal healthcare symbols in the United States, South Korea, and Turkey to compare the comprehension of symbols cross-country and identify predictors of the correct comprehension. To explore statistically significant relationships between symbol comprehension and countries, Pearson's Chi-square tests, logistic regression, and ANOVA were conducted. The test results showed that ten symbols among 14 tested have significant relationship with countries. Results of this study demonstrate that symbol comprehension can be varied significantly in different countries. PMID:24290906

  20. Healthcare waste management in Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Prem Ananth, A.; Prashanthini, V. [Environmental Engineering and Management Program, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand); Visvanathan, C., E-mail: visu@ait.ac.t [Environmental Engineering and Management Program, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)

    2010-01-15

    The risks associated with healthcare waste and its management has gained attention across the world in various events, local and international forums and summits. However, the need for proper healthcare waste management has been gaining recognition slowly due to the substantial disease burdens associated with poor practices, including exposure to infectious agents and toxic substances. Despite the magnitude of the problem, practices, capacities and policies in many countries in dealing with healthcare waste disposal, especially developing nations, is inadequate and requires intensification. This paper looks upon aspects to drive improvements to the existing healthcare waste management situation. The paper places recommendation based on a 12 country study reflecting the current status. The paper does not advocate for any complex technology but calls for changes in mindset of all concerned stakeholders and identifies five important aspects for serious consideration. Understanding the role of governments and healthcare facilities, the paper also outlines three key areas for prioritized action for both parties - budget support, developing policies and legislation and technology and knowledge management.

  1. Syntheses, properties and Mössbauer studies of cyanamide and cyanoguanidine complexes of iron(II). Crystal structures of trans-[FeH(NCNH 2)(Ph 2PCH 2CH 2PPh 2) 2][BF 4] and trans-[Fe(NCNEt 2) 2(Et 2PCH 2CH 2PEt 2) 2][BF 4] 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lu??sa M. D. R. S. Martins; João J. R. Fraústo da Silva; Armando J. L. Pombeiro; Richard A. Henderson; David J. Evans; Franco Benetollo; Gabriella Bombieri; Rino A. Michelin

    1999-01-01

    The complexes trans-[FeH(NCR)(dppe)2][BF4] (1) (R=NH2, NMe2, NEt2 or NC(NH2)2; dppe=Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2) and trans-[FeL(NCR)(depe)2]Yn (R=NH2, NMe2, NEt2 or NC(NH2)2; depe=Et2PCH2CH2PEt2; Y=BF4 or BPh4; (2), L=Br, n=1; (3), L=NCR, n=2) have been prepared by treatment of trans-[FeHCl(dppe)2] (in THF and in the presence of Tl[BF4]) or trans-[FeBr2(depe)2] (in MeOH and in the presence of [NBu4][BF4] or Na[BPh4]), respectively, with the appropriate cyanamide. NMR

  2. Healthcare workers and the brain drain.

    PubMed

    Serour, Gamal I

    2009-08-01

    The brain drain of health workers occurs mostly from low- and low/middle-income countries to resource-rich countries and from rural to urban areas. Shortage and uneven distribution of healthcare workers aggravated by the brain drain from Africa, Asia, and Pacific countries has contributed to impaired reproductive and sexual health services and the high rate of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity in these counties. Brain drain impedes maternal, neonatal, and child health and the fight against HIV/AIDS, and translates into loss of potential employers, teachers, and role models. Source countries spend US$ 500 million each year to educate health workers who leave their home countries for North America, Western Europe, and South Asia. A code of practice on international recruitment of health personnel is needed. Improving the health workforce database, wages, health resources and working conditions, task shifting, pay-back from recipient countries and migrant health professionals, securing additional investment in the health workforce, and the development of locally relevant medical training and research are useful measures to combat this problem. PMID:19535068

  3. Safe design of healthcare facilities

    PubMed Central

    Reiling, J

    2006-01-01

    The physical environment has a significant impact on health and safety; however, hospitals have not been designed with the explicit goal of enhancing patient safety through facility design. In April 2002, St Joseph's Community Hospital of West Bend, a member of SynergyHealth, brought together leaders in healthcare and systems engineering to develop a set of safety?driven facility design recommendations and principles that would guide the design of a new hospital facility focused on patient safety. By introducing safety?driven innovations into the facility design process, environmental designers and healthcare leaders will be able to make significant contributions to patient safety. PMID:17142606

  4. Explaining household socio-economic related child health inequalities using multiple methods in three diverse settings in South Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lungiswa L Nkonki; Mickey Chopra; Tanya M Doherty; Debra Jackson; Bjarne Robberstad

    2011-01-01

    Background  Despite free healthcare to pregnant women and children under the age of six, access to healthcare has failed to secure better\\u000a child health outcomes amongst all children of the country. There is growing evidence of socioeconomic gradient on child health\\u000a outcomes\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The objectives of this study were to measure inequalities in child mortality, HIV transmission and vaccination coverage within\\u000a a

  5. Hydrothermal synthesis and structure of a three-dimensional trimetallic oxide, Na 2[CuV 2O 2(H 2O) 2(O 3PCH 2PO 3) 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gundog Yucesan; Vladimir Golub; Charles J. O’Connor; Jon Zubieta

    2006-01-01

    The hydrothermal reaction of Cu(II), Na3VO4, and methylenediphosphonic acid provided a trimetallic hybrid oxide, Na2[CuV2O2(H2O)2(O3PCH2PO3)2] (1). The structure consists of a three-dimensional {CuV2O2(H2O)2(O3PCH2PO3)2}n-2n framework with charge-compensating Na+ cations entrained within the void spaces. The compound is paramagnetic, and the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility was fit to the Curie–Weiss law. The effective magnetic moment of 2.92?B at room temperature

  6. Preparation of the palladium(II) dimethylamide Pd(2,6-(Ph 2PCH 2) 2C 6H 3)(NMe 2) at low temperatures and its ligand exchange with the dicyclohexylamide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang Yeoul Ryu; Honggon Kim; Hoon Sik Kim

    1999-01-01

    The title complex Pd(2,6-(Ph2PCH2)2C6H3)(NMe2) (2) has been prepared from deprotonation of [Pd(2,6-(Ph2PCH2)2C6H3)(NHMe2)]OTf (1) by a stoichiometric amount of dicyclohexylamide anion at low temperatures. VT NMR experiments showed that 2 was stable below ?10°C, and slowly underwent decomposition to give a couple of unidentified species at elevated temperatures. However, the reaction of 1 with an excess of lithium dicyclohexylamide (>ten equivalents)

  7. Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Clinical Trials New Directions in Lung Cancer Side Effect Management Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team Support & Resources ... Clinical Trials New Directions in Lung Cancer Side Effect Management Questions to Ask My Healthcare Team Support & Resources ...

  8. Job satisfaction in health-care organizations

    PubMed Central

    Bhatnagar, Kavita; Srivastava, Kalpana

    2012-01-01

    Job satisfaction among health-care professionals acquires significance for the purpose of maximization of human resource potential. This article is aimed at emphasizing importance of studying various aspects of job satisfaction in health-care organizations. PMID:23766585

  9. [Fostering LGBT-friendly healthcare services].

    PubMed

    Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei

    2015-02-01

    LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-friendly healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-friendly healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-friendly healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181

  10. Context-aware infrastructure for personalized healthcare.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Daqing; Yu, Zhiwen; Chin, Chung-Yau

    2005-01-01

    Ubiquitous computing is shifting healthcare from treatment by professionals in hospitals to self-care, mobile care, home care and preventive care. In order to support the healthcare evolution, a global healthcare system, which links healthcare service providers to an individual's personal and physical spaces, is expected to provide personalized healthcare services at the right time, right place and right manner. This paper presents an overall architecture for such a context-aware healthcare system. The key technologies such as device self-sensing mechanism, context processing framework and a service interoperability platform are identified and elaborated. A personalized healthcare adviser service has been described to illustrate how personalized healthcare can be well supported by the proposed infrastructure. PMID:16282665

  11. HealthCare Provider BLS (CPR) Certification

    E-print Network

    Alford, Simon

    HealthCare Provider BLS (CPR) Certification UIC COM, CON, COP, COD Faculty, Residents, and Students The Graham Clinical Performance Center (GCPC) is offering BLS Certification (healthcare provider CPR) on site

  12. Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Diabetes Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Diabetes Medicines—Always Discuss Them with Your Healthcare Provider ...

  13. Regulating Exceptions in Healthcare Using Policy Spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio Agostino Ardagna; Sabrina De Capitani Di Vimercati; Tyrone Grandison; Sushil Jajodia; Pierangela Samarati

    2008-01-01

    One truth holds for the healthcare industry - nothing should interfere with the delivery of care. Given this fact, the access control mechanisms used in healthcare to regulate and restrict the disclosure of data are often bypassed. This \\

  14. Compose tips | Healthcare Delivery Research Blog

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Search form Search Search Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Toggle navigation Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Home Blog Purpose and Policies About HDRP Contact Us Subscribe

  15. Child Support Report, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

  16. THE DIFFICULT CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

    THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

  17. Child Care Center APPLICATION

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

  18. Mobile healthcare: Technologies and architectures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin Falchuk; Shoshana Loeb

    2007-01-01

    While healthcare is now supported by mass-market technologies, exactly how to evolve the infrastructure and applications -particularly for mobile users - is still a topic for research and experimentation. Several companies are making niche market plays - for example, remote vital signs sensing and mobile health advice systems - but these are progressing in so-called \\

  19. New frontiers in healthcare mediation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marie Bismark; Tom McLean

    2006-01-01

    Extract: In today’s world, patients and hospitals are increasingly looking across the ocean to find the ‘right’ doctors for their needs. Already it is possible to recognize two modes of commerce for practicing transoceanic medicine. First there is medical tourism, which involves patients travelling to foreign countries to purchase healthcare services at a discount compared with their home country. Second

  20. The Agenda of Wearable Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Tröster

    2005-01-01

    Driven by cost and quality issues, the health system in the developed countries will undergo a fundamental change in this decade, from a physician-operated and hospital centred health system to consumer operated personal prevention, early risk detection and wellness system. This paper sketches the vision of a 'Personal Health Assistant' PHA, opening up new vistas in patient centred healthcare. The

  1. Trustworthiness of Pervasive Healthcare Folders

    E-print Network

    system and a web server in such a device gives the opportunity to manage securely a healthcare folder the world are setting up large scale Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems gathering the medical history of centralizing medical information in database systems is manifoldi : completeness (i.e., to make the information

  2. GE Healthcare imagination at work

    E-print Network

    Lebendiker, Mario

    GE Healthcare imagination at work magination at work Strategies for Protein Purification Handbook-9403-58 Gel Filtration Principles and Methods 18-1022-18 Recombinant Protein Purification Handbook Principles Principles and Methods 28-9624-00 Strategies for Protein Purification Handbook 28-9833-31 #12;28-9833-31 AA 1

  3. [Healthcare aspects of domestic abuse].

    PubMed

    Kórász, Krisztián

    2015-03-01

    The paper reviews the forms of domestic abuse, its causes, prevalence and possible consequences. British and Hungarian Law, guidelines and the roles and responsibilities of healthcare professionals in relation to dealing with domestic abuse in their practice is also addressed within the paper. PMID:25726766

  4. OHSU Healthcare Patient rights, responsibilities

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    OHSU Healthcare Patient rights, responsibilities and safety OHSU Patient Relations Mail code: UHS-3 3181 S.W. Sam Jackson Park Rd. Portland, Oregon 97239 503 494-7959 advocate@ohsu.edu www.OHSUhealth.com Your health care is our priority. You are why we are here. At OHSU, we provide patient- and family

  5. Interprofessional Empathy in an Acute Healthcare Setting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Adamson

    2011-01-01

    Interprofessional collaboration is emerging as a key factor in reshaping healthcare practices in Canada over the last eight years. Collaboration in healthcare necessarily implies health providers sharing responsibility and partnering with each other in order to provide comprehensive patient care. A review of the empirical literature on teamwork in healthcare settings suggests that relationships between service providers remain conflictual and

  6. Healthcare and Listening: A Relationship for Caring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janis Davis; Amy Foley; Nancy Crigger; Michael C. Brannigan

    2008-01-01

    The optimal relationship between healthcare provider and patient is one of trust. This therapeutic relationship is dependent on the ability of the healthcare provider to communicate effectively with the patient. Research indicates that when healthcare providers listen to patients, there is more compliance with medical regimens, patient satisfaction is increased, and physicians are less vulnerable to malpractice lawsuits. Within the

  7. HEALTHCARE COST AND UTILIZATION PROJECT (HCUP)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) is a family of healthcare databases and related software tools and products developed through a Federal-State-industry partnership and sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). HCUP databases bring toget...

  8. Clinical practice of dual-certified music therapists/child life specialists: a phenomenological study.

    PubMed

    Ghetti, Claire M

    2011-01-01

    The discipline of child life enjoys a strong presence in many medical settings within the current pediatric healthcare environment. Due to the widespread establishment of child life programs, music therapists often find themselves negotiating their role and contributions to pediatric healthcare in relation to the field of child life. There is increasing interest among music therapy interns and clinicians in pursuing certification in child life to increase clinical knowledge and enhance marketability. A small, but strong, cohort of dual-certified music therapists/child life specialists is currently practicing in the field, but the nuances of their clinical practice have not been systematically examined. The current study used an interpretative phenomenological approach to explore the lived experiences of eight dual-certified clinicians, and to interpret how clinicians make sense of those lived experiences. Two overarching themes of identity and flexibility arose from the analysis: issues relating to establishing, challenging, and modifying professional identity; and flexibility manifested within areas of theoretical orientation, professional role, and clinical approach. Dual-certified clinicians vary in the degree to which they integrate the fields of music therapy and child life in practice, from complete and seamless integration of the two, to exclusive practice of only one field, depending upon the bounds of their positions. Participants reported that child life training is beneficial, but not necessary for achieving advanced practice in pediatric medical music therapy. Implications for the continuing advancement of music therapy in pediatric healthcare are discussed. PMID:22097101

  9. Climate change, water resources and child health.

    PubMed

    Kistin, Elizabeth J; Fogarty, John; Pokrasso, Ryan Shaening; McCally, Michael; McCornick, Peter G

    2010-07-01

    Climate change is occurring and has tremendous consequences for children's health worldwide. This article describes how the rise in temperature, precipitation, droughts, floods, glacier melt and sea levels resulting from human-induced climate change is affecting the quantity, quality and flow of water resources worldwide and impacting child health through dangerous effects on water supply and sanitation, food production and human migration. It argues that paediatricians and healthcare professionals have a critical leadership role to play in motivating and sustaining efforts for policy change and programme implementation at the local, national and international level. PMID:20403822

  10. Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose?

    E-print Network

    are expected to force fundamental change on healthcare within the coming decade. Healthcare systems that failHealthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? IBM Global Business Services Healthcare A portrait information. #12;Healthcare 205: Win-win or lose-lose? Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? A portrait

  11. Mothers' Perception and Healthcare Seeking Behavior of Pneumonia Children in Rural Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Ferdous, Farzana; Dil Farzana, Fahmida; Ahmed, Shahnawaz; Das, Sumon Kumar; Malek, Mohammad Abdul; Das, Jui; Faruque, Abu Syed Golam; Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer

    2014-01-01

    We describe mothers' perception about signs and symptoms, causes of the illness, and healthcare seeking behaviors related to pneumonia and express the major modifiable barriers to seeking timely treatment when their under-5 children had pneumonia in rural Bangladesh. Using focus group discussion, we understood mothers' perception and healthcare seeking behavior of childhood pneumonia. Although mothers described pneumonia as a serious life threatening disease in young children but most of the mothers (n = 24) could not diagnose whether their child had pneumonia or not. Environmental factors such as dust particles, spread from coughing mother, and drinking cold water or playing with water were perceived as the causes for pneumonia. Three common barriers noted were as follows: illness was not perceived as serious enough or distance from healthcare facility or lack of money at household for seeking treatment outside. Most of the rural mothers did not have knowledge about severity of childhood pneumonia. PMID:24967328

  12. The status of TQM in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Yasin, M M; Meacham, K A; Alavi, J

    1998-01-01

    The face of the healthcare industry has changed dramatically over the last few years. This study examines the literature related to Total Quality Management (TQM) and Benchmarking (BM) applications in healthcare. Recommendations for healthcare managers and administrators, as they chart operational and strategic directions for their organization, are provided. In this context, a conceptual framework which stresses the significance of viewing the healthcare organization as an open system is provided. The framework underscores the fact that TQM and BM efforts should not be viewed in isolation. Rather, these efforts should be viewed as an integral part of the operational and strategic facets of the healthcare organization. PMID:10181447

  13. Applying principles from safety science to improve child protection.

    PubMed

    Cull, Michael J; Rzepnicki, Tina L; O'Day, Kathryn; Epstein, Richard A

    2013-01-01

    Child Protective Services Agencies (CPSAs) share many characteristics with other organizations operating in high-risk, high-profile industries. Over the past 50 years, industries as diverse as aviation, nuclear power, and healthcare have applied principles from safety science to improve practice. The current paper describes the rationale, characteristics, and challenges of applying concepts from the safety culture literature to CPSAs. Preliminary efforts to apply key principles aimed at improving child safety and well-being in two states are also presented. PMID:24199329

  14. The cost of healthcare to Americans.

    PubMed

    McIntosh, Michael Ambrose Erasmus

    2002-09-01

    The 20th century has witnessed many achievements and improvements in healthcare delivery in the United States. The United States spends 40% more per capita on healthcare than any other Western industrialized nation. However, the United States remains the only industrialized nation in the world that does not provide a basic health benefit package to all its citizens, despite the high level of spending on healthcare. Millions of Americans are disenfranchised, especially ethnic minorities, who encounter numerous barriers to the US healthcare system. The basic issues underlying efforts to improve the US healthcare system are concerned mainly with reducing costs; increasing access to healthcare, especially for the insured or the underinsured; and further improving and maintaining quality healthcare. This article discusses the reasons for increase in healthcare spending, despite measures taken by health stakeholders (eg, federal government, private health insurance industry, employers) to contain or reduce cost. This article further discusses attempts to create equitable healthcare for all Americans during the 1960s and 1970s. The Reagan era brought an end to such attempts by applying the "free-market" concept to healthcare, which saw movement away from domestic social programs by the federal government and the corporatization of healthcare. In the first half of the 1990s, concerns of the US healthcare system moved into the mainstream of political consciousness and debate. Five major attempts since 1912 to reform the US healthcare system have failed. This has left many to conclude that despite the increasing problems of access, cost, and quality of care in the United States, the country remains on a path of incremental changes in the healthcare system. PMID:12352580

  15. Evaluating Safety Initiatives in Healthcare

    PubMed Central

    Holzmueller, Christine G.; Pronovost, Peter J.

    2014-01-01

    Substantial attention over the last decade has focused on ensuring improvement in the increasingly complex world of healthcare. This has resulted in significant efforts in the arena of patient safety. The issue of how best to evaluate the validity of patient safety initiatives is a matter of significant discussion. Many quality improvement initiatives in healthcare are poorly developed, with few patient safety interventions sharing characteristics with evidence based medicine. We will discuss the key elements of a framework as an example to help structure our thinking and approach to answer these questions. Elements include an explanation of the theoretical basis, the use of appropriate measures, detailing of the involved processes, assessment of the initiative itself as well as the contextual factors surrounding it. PMID:24976794

  16. Personalized healthcare through intelligent gadgets.

    PubMed

    Jang, Hyeju; Kim, Sanghyun; Bae, Changseok

    2008-01-01

    An intelligent gadget is a wearable platform which is reconfigurable, scalable, and component-based and which can be equipped, carried as a personal accessory, or in a certain case, implanted internally into a body. Various kinds of personal information can be gathered with intelligent gadgets, and that information is used to provide specially personalized services to people in the ubiquitous computing environment. In this paper, we show a personalized healthcare service through intelligent gadgets. A service based on intelligent gadgets can be built intuitively and easily with a context representation language, called the intelligent gadget markup language (IGML) based on the event-condition-action (ECA) rule. The inherent nature of extensibility, not only environmental information but also physiological information can be specified as a context in IGML and can be dealt with an intelligent gadget with ease. It enables intelligent gadgets to be adopted to many different kinds of personalized healthcare services. PMID:19163415

  17. Healthcare system simulation using Witness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khakdaman, Masoud; Zeinahvazi, Milad; Zohoori, Bahareh; Nasiri, Fardokht; Yew Wong, Kuan

    2013-02-01

    Simulation techniques have a proven track record in manufacturing industry as well as other areas such as healthcare system improvement. In this study, simulation model of a health center in Malaysia is developed through the application of WITNESS simulation software which has shown its flexibility and capability in manufacturing industry. Modelling procedure is started through process mapping and data collection and continued with model development, verification, validation and experimentation. At the end, final results and possible future improvements are demonstrated.

  18. Bed bugs in healthcare settings.

    PubMed

    Munoz-Price, L Silvia; Safdar, Nasia; Beier, John C; Doggett, Stephen L

    2012-11-01

    Infestations caused by bed bugs have resurfaced during the past decade across all continents. Even though bed bugs primarily cause skin manifestations in humans, a major stigma is placed upon people or institutions found to carry them. It is important for healthcare facilities to be prepared for this pest by implementing policies, carefully selecting materials used for hospital furniture, and educating providers on early identification and control. PMID:23041813

  19. Predicting healthcare costs using GAs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher R. Stephens; Henri Waelbroeck; S. Talley

    2005-01-01

    Predicting prospective healthcare costs is of increasing importance. Genetic search is used to discover attribute sets and associated posterior probability classifiers that predict the top 0.5% most costly individuals in year N + 1 based on previous medical conditions and costs in year N. The predictive performance of single-variable classifiers (cost-drivers), found using statistical measures familiar from datamining, as well

  20. Healthcare Energy Metering Guidance (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    This brochure is intended to help facility and energy managers plan and prioritize investments in energy metering. It offers healthcare-specific examples of metering applications, benefits, and steps that other health systems can reproduce. It reflects collaborative input from the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories and the health system members of the DOE Hospital Energy Alliance's Benchmarking and Measurement Project Team.

  1. Child Information: Our Little Village

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    Child Information: Our Little Village Registration Form Today's Date __ _ ____ _ ________________ Child's Last Name First Name Gender Date of Birth ________________________________ Child's Address City Number IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, SPECIFY AUTHORIZED PERSONS TO PICK UP CHILD: Name Relationship Phone Name

  2. Directory of Child-to-Child Activities Worldwide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child-to-Child Trust, London (England). Inst. of Education.

    Child-to-Child ideas and activities represent an approach to health education. Not an alternative program but instead a component of other programs, Child-to-Child emphasizes the role of children as partners within families and communities in promoting better health practices and promotes Child-to-Child activities. This booklet describes…

  3. Health-e-Child: a grid platform for european paediatrics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Skaburskas; F. Estrella; J. Shade; D. Manset; J. Revillard; A. Rios; A. Anjum; A. Branson; P. Bloodsworth; T. Hauer; R. McClatchey; D. Rogulin

    2008-01-01

    The Health-e-Child (HeC) project [1], [2] is an EC Framework Programme 6 Integrated Project that aims to develop a grid-based integrated healthcare platform for paediatrics. Using this platform biomedical informaticians will integrate heterogeneous data and perform epidemiological studies across Europe. The resulting Grid enabled biomedical information platform will be supported by robust search, optimization and matching techniques for information collected

  4. Harlequin ichthyosis in an African child: case report.

    PubMed

    Migowa, A N; Murungi, C W; Gatinu, B W; Mbithe, J; Kimani, E; Okiro, P; Rana, F S; Ochieng, R; Nduati, R

    2010-09-01

    Severe congenital skin abnormalities are a rare event. This case is unique in that it is a case of harlequin ichthyosis in sub-sahara Africa in a child of African origin and elaborates the challenges faced in its management. We present a neonate who was managed for this condition at Chogoria Mission Hospital. In presenting this case, we aim to sensitise healthcare providers to promptly recognise and manage this rare skin condition. PMID:23457818

  5. Child Behavior Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

  6. Disentangling Child Pornography from Child Sex Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carissa Byrne Hessick

    2011-01-01

    Recent years have seen a significant increase in the criminal penalties associated with possession of child pornography. The new severity appears to be premised on arguments that blur the distinction between those who possess images of child pornography and those who sexually abuse children. In particular, sentences have been increased based on arguments that possession of pornography is equivalent to

  7. Child Care: Who Benefits?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Buckingham

    • Arguments for the public funding of child care rest on the claim that it is a public good—that it provides benefits for the individual and for society, and that investment in child care will reap social and economic payoffs. Perhaps the most abiding and persuasive claim, and the focus of this paper, is that good child care is beneficial

  8. Supporting Each Child's Spirit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

  9. Child Nutrition. Beginnings Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, Jacqueline; Eastman, Wayne; Aird, Laura Dutil; McCrea, Nadine L.

    2002-01-01

    Four workshops focus on nutrition for infants and children in child care settings. Articles are: (1) "Nutrition and Child Development: Global Perspectives" (Jacqueline Hayden); (2) "Working with Families around Nutritional Issues" (Wayne Eastman); (3) "Breastfeeding Promotion in Child Care" (Laura Dutil Aird); and (4) "Food as Shared…

  10. Child Povertyy Prevention Council

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Child Povertyy Prevention Council for Louisianafor Louisiana Implementation Plan February 2009eb ua In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

  11. Child Care Bulletin, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document is comprised of six issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on involving communities in child care planning. Topics discussed in this issue include: community mobilization strategies, assessing needs and establishing goals, and…

  12. Healthcare succession planning: an integrative review.

    PubMed

    Carriere, Brian K; Muise, Melanie; Cummings, Greta; Newburn-Cook, Chris

    2009-12-01

    Succession planning is a business strategy that has recently gained attention in the healthcare literature, primarily because of nursing shortage concerns and the demand for retaining knowledgeable personnel to meet organizational needs. Little research has been conducted in healthcare settings that clearly defines best practices for succession planning frameworks. To effectively carry out such organizational strategies during these challenging times, an integrative review of succession planning in healthcare was performed to identify consistencies in theoretical approaches and strategies for chief nursing officers and healthcare managers to initiate. Selected articles were compared with business succession planning to determine whether healthcare strategies were similar to best practices already established in business contexts. The results of this integrative review will aid leaders and managers to use succession planning as a tool in their recruitment, retention, mentoring, and administration activities and also provide insights for future development of healthcare succession planning frameworks. PMID:19955970

  13. Pervasive Healthcare and Wireless Health Monitoring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Upkar Varshney

    2007-01-01

    Abstract With an increasingly mobile,society and,the worldwide deployment of mobile and wireless networks, the wireless infrastructure can support many,current and emerging,healthcare applications. This could fulfill the vision of “Pervasive Healthcare” or healthcare to anyone, anytime, and anywhere by removing locational, time and other restraints while increasing both the coverage and the quality. In this paper, we present applications and require-

  14. Pam Pohly's Net Guide: Healthcare Employment Links

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pohly, Pam.

    1998-01-01

    This comprehensive metasite provides extensive links to current job listings in "the healthcare industry (managed care, hospitals, healthcare systems, companies, physician groups, etc.)." Maintained by Pam Pohly, President of her own healthcare consulting firm and graduate student at University of Colorado-Denver, the site offers links to over a hundred job sites featuring teaching jobs for docs, biotech careers, opportunities for anesthesiologists, and a whole host of others.

  15. Healthcare mergers and acquisitions: strategies for consolidation.

    PubMed

    Zuckerman, Alan M

    2011-01-01

    The passage of federal healthcare reform legislation, in combination with other factors, makes it likely that the next few years will be a major period of consolidation for healthcare organizations. This article examines the seven key forces reshaping healthcare delivery--from insurance industry consolidation to cost inflation to the increasing gap between financially strong and struggling providers--and provides advice for organizations on both sides of an acquisition. PMID:21793480

  16. Comparison of Physical Child Abusers, Intrafamilial Sexual Child Abusers, and Child Neglecters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOEL S. MILNER; KEVIN R. ROBERTSON

    1990-01-01

    One hundred and fifty subjects, including 30 physical child abusers, 15 intrafamilial sexual child abusers, 30 child neglecters, and three matched comparison groups were compared on levels of distress, unhappiness, loneliness, rigidity, negative concept of child and self, child problems, and problems from family and others. All child maltreatment groups reported elevated levels of personal distress, unhappiness, loneliness, and rigidity.

  17. Reforming Payments to Healthcare Providers: The Key to Slowing Healthcare Cost Growth While Improving Quality?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark McClellan

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on a broad movement toward a fundamentally different way of paying healthcare providers. The approach reaches beyond the old dichotomies about whether healthcare providers are reimbursed on a fee-for-service or a \\

  18. The favoured child?

    PubMed Central

    Jones, D; Dickenson, D; Devereux, J

    1994-01-01

    This case conference concerns a child who has been in care following a diagnosis of emotional abuse and a serious incident of physical abuse. She wants to return home again, and her parents, who had previously scapegoated her, now blame the family's previous ills on her sister instead. The Children Act 1989 gives considerable weight to the child's wishes, but what if the child returns home and is re-abused? In this case conference a child psychiatrist, a philosopher and a lawyer discuss the issues of clinicians' responsibilities, moral luck, and child care law. PMID:8083871

  19. 2012 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Research Policies Grant Application, Review & Award Process Post-award Grant Management Funding Priorities & ... The U.S. Government's Official Web Portal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ...

  20. Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose?

    E-print Network

    , and expen- sive new technologies and treatments are expected to force fundamental change on healthcare's healthcare environment fundamentally different from the past, the possible scenarios for healthcare in 2015Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? IBM Global Business Services Healthcare A portrait

  1. HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSISTANCE RESOURCES: POLLUTION PREVENTION AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE FOR HEALTHCARE FACILITIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    This CD ROM is a result of several healthcare guidance documents coming into existence around the same time and the need for one tool where healthcare facilities could have access to these documents and other valuable healthcare resources regardless of connection to the internet....

  2. Healthcare Public Key Infrastructure (HPKI) and Non-profit Organization (NPO): Essentials for Healthcare Data Exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Takeda; Yasushi Matsumura; Katsuhiko Nakagawa; Tadamasa Teratani; Zhang Qiyan; Hideo Kusuoka; Masami Matsuoka

    To share healthcare information and to promote cooperation among healthcare providers and customers (patients) under computerized network environment, a non-profit organization (NPO), named as OCHIS, was established at Osaka, Japan in 2003. Since security and confidentiality issues on the Internet have been major concerns in the OCHIS, the system has been based on healthcare public key infrastructure (HPKI), and found

  3. Technology: Enabling Healthcare Microsoft and Health IT Public Policy and Healthcare Likeotherbreakthroughsinmedicineoverthelastfewhundredyears,breakthroughsintechnology

    E-print Network

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Technology: Enabling Healthcare Microsoft and Health IT Public Policy and Healthcare and Health IT Public Policy and Healthcare In summary, we envision a world where everyone in the health Software Innovation Building a Scalable Patient-Centered Health System m Policy Briefs from Microsoft

  4. A Multi-Agent Medical System for Indian Rural Infant and Child Care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vijay Kumar Mago; M. Syamala Devi

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a Multi-agent System (MAS) is presented for providing clinical decision support to healthcare practitioners in rural or remote areas of India for young infants or children up to the age of 5 years. The government is unable to appoint child specialists in rural areas because of inadequate number of available pediatricians. It leads to a high Infant

  5. Prioritizing health-care funding.

    PubMed

    O'Donnell, J L; Smyth, D; Frampton, C

    2005-07-01

    In the face of limited resources, on what basis should we prioritize health-care funding? The most influential consideration should be the knowledge that an intervention does something beneficial for the person who receives it. Rather than using imposed knowledge or knowledge obtained by grace, modern medicine uses knowledge obtained by rational thought. Traditionally, two philosophical schools of rational thought support medical interventions: empiricism and rationalism. Empiricist knowledge underpins the treatment of risk, while rationalist knowledge underpins the treatment of disease. To introduce reasoned order into the rationing process we must understand the limitations inherent in the application of these two forms of knowledge. Why are screening programmes for breast and uterine cervical cancer supported while severe restrictions are placed on treatments for chronic arthritis? Can the benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs be measured? Empiricism has achieved an unchallenged ascendancy in modern health-care delivery. Is this ascendancy justified? There is a need for reference criteria to compare the benefits of competing interventions across disciplines. As a starting point for debate we propose that interventions should be given a priority based on how closely they fulfil five criteria: knowledge of disease pathophysiology, measurability of short-term and long-term benefits, incidence of serious adverse effects and affordability. It is only by using and refining such funding criteria that better public understanding of the rationing process will be achieved and political interference minimized. PMID:15958111

  6. Innovation in healthcare team feedback.

    PubMed

    Plaza, Christine; Beard, Leslie; Fonzo, Anthony Di; Tommaso, Michael Di; Mujawaz, Yaman; Serra-Julia, Marcel; Morra, Dante

    2011-01-01

    Healthcare delivery is evolving from individual, autonomous practice to collaborative team practice. However, barriers such as professional autonomy, time constraints and the perception of error as failure preclude learning behaviours that can facilitate organizational learning and improvement. Although experimentation, engaging in questions and feedback, discussing errors and reflecting on results can facilitate learning and promote effective performance, the cultural barriers within healthcare can prevent or inhibit this type of behaviour among teams. At the University Health Network's Centre for Innovation in Complex Care, we realize the need for a tool that facilitates learning behaviour and is sensitive to the risk-averse nature of the clinical environment. The vehicle for the Team Feedback Tool is a web-based application called Rypple (www.rypple.com), which allows team members to provide anonymous, rapid-fire feedback on team processes and performance. Rypple facilitates communication, elicits feedback and provokes discussion. The process enables follow-up face-to-face team discussions and encourages teams to create actionable solutions for incremental changes to enhance team health and performance. The Team Feedback Tool was implemented and piloted in general internal medicine at the University Health Network's Toronto General Hospital from early May 2009 to July 2009 to address the issues of teamwork and learning behaviour in the clinical environment. This article explores the opportunities and barriers associated with the implementation of the Team Feedback Tool. PMID:21841396

  7. 78 FR 61362 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ...for dates of meetings: 1. Healthcare Effectiveness and Outcomes...remainder of the meeting) 4. Healthcare Safety and Quality Improvement...remainder of the meeting) 5. Healthcare Information Technology Research (HITR) Date:...

  8. Multiproduct Humanitarian Healthcare Supply A Network Modeling and Computational

    E-print Network

    Nagurney, Anna

    Multiproduct Humanitarian Healthcare Supply Chains: A Network Modeling and Computational Framework-23, 2012 University of Massachusetts Amherst Multiproduct Humanitarian Healthcare Supply Chains #12 Humanitarian Healthcare Supply Chains #12;Outline Background and Motivation An Overview of the Relevant

  9. Consumer Trust - Challenge for E-healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justyna Matysiewicz; Slawomir Smyczek

    2009-01-01

    The evolution of Internet within the last years and the continuous advances in electronic commerce and communication provide exciting opportunities to implement a powerful framework of resources, tools and applications that revolutionize the way in which healthcare institutions interact with their patients, as well as deliver and manage medical services. Internet-based healthcare is the application of information and communication technologies

  10. University of California, Davis Center for Healthcare

    E-print Network

    Carmichael, Owen

    University of California, Davis Center for Healthcare Policy and Research 2009-2010 Annual Report #12;7/5/20112 University of California Davis Center for Healthcare Policy and Research ANNUAL REPORT remains steady at 93, as retiring members are replaced by the recently recruited. The mix of faculty

  11. Understanding Team Learning in a Healthcare Setting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carole Chatalalsingh; Glenn Regehr

    The aim of this program of research was to determine how workplace team- learning activities are manifested as specific examples of knowledge management and learning among healthcare team members in the multiprofessional context of an academic healthcare organization. Background A learning organization, as described by Senge (1990), has the promise of holding an advantage over other organizations because of its

  12. Integrating Healthcare Ethical Issues into IS Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cellucci, Leigh W.; Layman, Elizabeth J.; Campbell, Robert; Zeng, Xiaoming

    2011-01-01

    Federal initiatives are encouraging the increase of IS graduates to work in the healthcare environment because they possess knowledge of datasets and dataset management that are key to effective management of electronic health records (EHRs) and health information technology (IT). IS graduates will be members of the healthcare team, and as such,…

  13. TASERS in healthcare: myths and merits.

    PubMed

    Bastianelli, Brian T

    2014-01-01

    The author, who has trained thousands of police and civilians in use-of-force, tackles the controversy over the use of CEW technology (TASERS) in healthcare settings. In this article he provides the latest technical developments for such weapons, dispels three common myths about them, and provides fresh perspective for further discussion and consideration of their use in healthcare security. PMID:24707752

  14. Delivery of Online Learning for Healthcare Consumers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Lewis

    Well-informed healthcare consumers are better able to make decisions and become active participants in the process of care. Providing adequate information that is personally meaningful is a major challenge for healthcare providers. It is important that we understand how informatics can best be used to support the process of online consumer health education. Chapter 4 describes the design and evaluation

  15. Home healthcare via wireless biomedical sensor network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rozeha A. Rashid; S. Arifin; M. Rahim; M. A. Sarijari; N. H. Mahalin

    2008-01-01

    Fast information retrieval is pivot of medical breakthrough to provide quality medical services. There were a number of attempts to develop clinical information system (CIS) which is reliable, affordable and accessible over the entire hospital and beyond. Today's home healthcare progression is becoming a predominant form of healthcare delivery. Although there have been many recent advances in biomedical sensors, low-power

  16. Alerts for Healthcare Process and Data Integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dickson K. W. Chiu; Benny W. C. Kwok; Ray L. S. Wong; Shing-chi Cheung; Eleanna Kafeza; Marina Kafeza

    2004-01-01

    In healthcare chain workflow management, urgent re- quests and critical messages in these systems (referred to as alerts) have to be delivered and handled timely. Pres- ently, most systems cannot address urgency and alerts are often handled in an ad-hoc manner. In this paper, we pro- pose a sophisticated alert management system (AMS) for effective healthcare chain workflow management under

  17. Speech recognition use in healthcare applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Durling; Jo Lumsden

    2008-01-01

    Speech recognition technology is regarded as a key enabler for increasing the usability of applications deployed on mobile devices -- devices which are becoming increasingly prevalent in modern hospital-based healthcare. Although the use of speech recognition is not new to the hospital-based healthcare domain, its use with mobile devices has thus far been limited. This paper presents the results of

  18. Individualized Healthcare Plans (IHP). Position Statement. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that students whose healthcare needs affect or have the potential to affect safe and optimal school attendance and academic performance require the professional school nurse to write an Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP), in collaboration with the student, family, educators,…

  19. Discourse Analysis of Encouragement in Healthcare Manga

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matsuoka, Rieko; Smith, Ian; Uchimura, Mari

    2011-01-01

    This article examines how healthcare professionals use encouragement. Focusing on GAMBARU ["to try hard"], forty-one scenes were collected from healthcare manga. Each scene of encouragement was analyzed from three perspectives; the contextual background of the communication, the relationship with the patients and the patients' response to the…

  20. Filling the healthcare IT gap by 2015.

    PubMed

    Bigalke, John T

    2009-06-01

    Healthcare organizations have been slow to adopt health IT. However, the government stimulus package and impending fines for hospitals that have not implemented HIT by 2015 will motivate adoption. Issues confronting healthcare executives include selection of vendors, command of privacy and security issues, and implementation of industry standards. PMID:19526817

  1. Educating Healthcare Ethics Committees: The Evaluation Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lusky, Richard A.; Spicker, Stuart F.

    This demonstration project provided specialized training to members of newly constituted healthcare ethics committees (HECs) across the United States. Between 1992 and 1996, 25 faculty with experience in healthcare ethics provided on-site training at hospitals and health centers in 54 communities in 32 states. Sixty training modules were developed…

  2. Potential Barriers to Healthcare in Malawi for Under-five Children with Cough and Fever: A National Household Survey

    PubMed Central

    Ngwira, Bagrey; Stockman, Lauren J.; Deming, Michael; Nyasulu, Peter; Bowie, Cameron; Msyamboza, Kelias; Meyrowitsch, Dan W.; Cunliffe, Nigel A.; Bresee, Joseph; Fischer, Thea K.

    2014-01-01

    Failure to access healthcare is an important contributor to child mortality in many developing countries. In a national household survey in Malawi, we explored demographic and socioeconomic barriers to healthcare for childhood illnesses and assessed the direct and indirect costs of seeking care. Using a cluster-sample design, we selected 2,697 households and interviewed 1,669 caretakers. The main reason for households not being surveyed was the absence of a primary caretaker in the household. Among 2,077 children aged less than five years, 504 episodes of cough and fever during the previous two weeks were reported. A trained healthcare provider was visited for 48.0% of illness episodes. A multivariate regression model showed that children from the poorest households (p=0.02) and children aged >12 months (p=0.02) were less likely to seek care when ill compared to those living in wealthier households and children of higher age-group respectively. Families from rural households spent more time travelling compared to urban households (68.9 vs 14.1 minutes; p<0.001). In addition, visiting a trained healthcare provider was associated with longer travel time (p<0.001) and higher direct costs (p<0.001) compared to visiting an untrained provider. Thus, several barriers to accessing healthcare in Malawi for childhood illnesses exist. Continued efforts to reduce these barriers are needed to narrow the gap in the health and healthcare equity in Malawi. PMID:24847595

  3. Potential barriers to healthcare in Malawi for under-five children with cough and fever: a national household survey.

    PubMed

    Ustrup, Marte; Ngwira, Bagrey; Stockman, Lauren J; Deming, Michael; Nyasulu, Peter; Bowie, Cameron; Msyamboza, Kelias; Meyrowitsch, Dan W; Cunliffe, Nigel A; Bresee, Joseph; Fischer, Thea K

    2014-03-01

    Failure to access healthcare is an important contributor to child mortality in many developing countries. In a national household survey in Malawi, we explored demographic and socioeconomic barriers to healthcare for childhood illnesses and assessed the direct and indirect costs of seeking care. Using a cluster-sample design, we selected 2,697 households and interviewed 1,669 caretakers. The main reason for households not being surveyed was the absence of a primary caretaker in the household. Among 2,077 children aged less than five years, 504 episodes of cough and fever during the previous two weeks were reported. A trained healthcare provider was visited for 48.0% of illness episodes. A multivariate regression model showed that children from the poorest households (p = 0.02) and children aged > 12 months (p = 0.02) were less likely to seek care when ill compared to those living in wealthier households and children of higher age-group respectively. Families from rural households spent more time travelling compared to urban households (68.9 vs 14.1 minutes; p < 0.001). In addition, visiting a trained healthcare provider was associated with longer travel time (p < 0.001) and higher direct costs (p < 0.001) compared to visiting an untrained provider. Thus, several barriers to accessing healthcare in Malawi for childhood illnesses exist. Continued efforts to reduce these barriers are needed to narrow the gap in the health and healthcare equity in Malawi. PMID:24847595

  4. The characteristics of Chinese healthcare facilities.

    PubMed

    Wood, David; Zhang, Sarah

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese healthcare system has been the focus of a great deal of attention from international companies who are interested in entering the world's largest healthcare marketplace. It is generally acknowledged that Chinese healthcare facilities, on the whole, do not conform to international standards; however, the specific areas in which there are differences are not well known or appreciated. An understanding of these differences is a critical aspect of the investment analysis and market assessment associated with a healthcare-based business in China. This article will delineate the major differences between the international model for the provision of healthcare and that found in mainland China. These differences include the physical characteristics, organizational structure issues, operational issues and financial management issues of Chinese hospitals, clinics and medical care providers. PMID:16512057

  5. Patient Centeredness, Cultural Competence and Healthcare Quality

    PubMed Central

    Saha, Somnath; Beach, Mary Catherine; Cooper, Lisa A.

    2010-01-01

    Cultural competence and patient centeredness are approaches to improving healthcare quality that have been promoted extensively in recent years. In this paper, we explore the historical evolution of both cultural competence and patient centeredness. In doing so, we demonstrate that early conceptual models of cultural competence and patient centeredness focused on how healthcare providers and patients might interact at the interpersonal level and that later conceptual models were expanded to consider how patients might be treated by the healthcare system as a whole. We then compare conceptual models for both cultural competence and patient centeredness at both the interpersonal and healthcare system levels to demonstrate similarities and differences. We conclude that, although the concepts have had different histories and foci, many of the core features of cultural competence and patient centeredness are the same. Each approach holds promise for improving the quality of healthcare for individual patients, communities and populations. PMID:19024223

  6. Presence of Medical Home and School Attendance: An Analysis of the 2005-2006 National Survey of Children With Special Healthcare Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willits, Kathryn A.; Troutman-Jordan, Meredith L.; Nies, Mary A.; Racine, Elizabeth F.; Platonova, Elena; Harris, Henry L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) tend to miss more school because of illness. Medical homes are a model of primary health care that coordinate services to better meet the needs of the child. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between presence of medical home and missed school days among CSHCN.…

  7. Early Mother-Child Interaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    d'Agostino, Micheline

    1986-01-01

    This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

  8. Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application

    E-print Network

    Hanson, Stephen José

    Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application To be eligible for this benefit, the child must be the biological child, adopted child, stepchild, or ward of the employee and must be the employee's dependent (see of the parent-child or guardian-ward relationship is required and must be submitted to University Human

  9. Improvement in the family-centered medical home enhances outcomes for children and youth with special healthcare needs.

    PubMed

    McAllister, Jeanne W; Sherrieb, Kathleen; Cooley, W Carl

    2009-01-01

    Family-centered, coordinated, comprehensive, and culturally competent care for children and youth with special healthcare needs is a national priority. Access to a primary care medical home is a US Maternal and Child Health Bureau performance measure. Most primary care practices lack methods by which to partner with families and improve care. Gaps remain in the number of children with access to a high-quality medical home. The Medical Home Index and Medical Home Family Index and Survey resulting from 10 pilot practices reveal improvements in practice capacity and subsequently in child and family outcomes. PMID:19542808

  10. Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect in Saudi Arabia: Are We Ready?

    PubMed Central

    Almuneef, Maha; Al-Eissa, Majid

    2011-01-01

    Although child abuse and neglect (CAN) have been recognized by medical professionals for the last 20 years, child protection services and child maltreatment prevention programs are still emerging in Saudi Arabia. This paper will review the progress made in the country in terms of recognition and implementation of child protection services. Furthermore, it will draw attention to the essential steps required to start child maltreatment prevention programs, as CAN prevention is currently viewed as a global healthcare priority with an emphasis on evidence-based interventions. In addition, this paper will assess Saudi Arabia's readiness to prevent CAN and the challenges that will be faced by the professionals in implementing evidence-based CAN prevention programs. PMID:22048511

  11. Well-child visits

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in children Growth and development: Infant - newborn development Toddler development Preschooler development School-age child development Adolescent development Developmental milestones Developmental milestones record - 2 ...

  12. Child Care Challenges

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    _Child Care Challenges_, a recent report published by the Child Care and Development Division of the Children's Defense Fund, is a state-by-state analysis of the latest data "on [annual] child care costs, and supply and affordability problems facing America's low-income working families." The report is divided into 50 chapters, one for each state. Each chapter summarizes state-level data, describes the problems surrounding the availability of affordable, high-quality child care, and highlights the need for "increased state and federal investments, and greater involvement from other sectors." Chapters are between fifteen and twenty pages and are presented in .pdf format only.

  13. Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model

    E-print Network

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Vanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child, support, limits, and affection. Children are respected as individuals within a child-oriented rather than teacher-directed program. At the Vanderbilt Child Care Centers, children are given the opportunity

  14. Bereaved Parents and Siblings Offer Advice to Healthcare Providers and Researchers

    PubMed Central

    Steele, Amii Corbisiero; Kaal, Julia; Thompson, Amanda L.; Barrera, Maru; Compas, Bruce E.; Davies, Betty; Fairclough, Diane L.; Foster, Terrah L.; Gilmer, Mary Jo; Hogan, Nancy; Vannatta, Kathryn; Gerhardt, Cynthia A.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To determine how to improve care for families by obtaining their advice to healthcare providers and researchers after a child’s death from cancer. Design Families with a surviving sibling (ages 8-17) were recruited from cancer registries at three hospitals in the United States and Canada 3-12 months (M = 10.4, SD = 3.5) after the child’s death. Setting Data were collected in the home. Participants Participants (N = 99) included 36 mothers, 24 fathers, and 39 siblings from 40 families. Outcome Measures Each participant completed a qualitative interview that was audio recorded, transcribed, and coded for thematic content. Findings Five major themes included the need for: (a) improved communication with the medical team, (b) more compassionate care, (c) increased access to resources, (d) ongoing research, as well as (e) offering praise. Interwoven within the five themes was a subtheme of continuity of care. Conclusions Many participants were pleased with the care the child with cancer received, but others noted areas in need of improvement, particularly medical communication and continuity of care. Additional research is needed to inform interventions to improve services for families of children with life-limiting conditions. PMID:23612375

  15. UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

    E-print Network

    Registered dental hygienist Medical examiner Nurse Licensed emergency medical care provider Audiologist, clothing, shelter or medical care. Placing a child at an unreasonable risk to the child's health

  16. Loss of a child - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Child death - resources; Resources - loss of a child ... The following organizations are good resources for information on the loss of a child: The Compassionate Friends - www.compassionatefriends.org Bereaved Parents of the USA - www.bereavedparentsusa. ...

  17. What's Inside: Child Labor Laws

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    What's Inside: · Child Labor Laws · Attachments to Online Job Announcements · Hiring Officials child labor laws that apply. Below is a brief overview. 14 and 15 year olds: Departments must keep-year age groupmayworkatanytimeforunlimitedhoursinany non-hazardousposition. CHILD LABOR LAWS

  18. Leadership and Cultural Competence of Healthcare Professionals

    PubMed Central

    Dauvrin, Marie; Lorant, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Background International migration is a global phenomenon challenging healthcare professionals to provide culturally competent care. Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of leaders on the cultural competence of healthcare professionals. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 2010 to 2012 to obtain data for a social network analysis in 19 inpatient services and five primary care services in Belgium. The Competences in Ethnicity and Health questionnaire was used. A total of 507 healthcare professionals, including 302 nurses, identified their social relationships with other healthcare professionals working in their service. Highest in-degree centrality was used to identify the leaders within each health service. Multiple regressions with the Huber sandwich estimator were used to link cultural competence of leaders with the cultural competence of the rest of the healthcare staff. Results Cultural competence of the healthcare staff was associated with the cultural competence of the leaders. This association remained significant for two specific domains of cultural competence—mediation and paradigm—after controlling for contextual and sociodemographic variables. Interaction analysis suggested that the leadership effect varied with the degree of cultural competence of the leaders. Discussion Cultural competence among healthcare professionals is acquired partly through leadership. Social relationships and leadership effects within health services should be considered when developing and implementing culturally competent strategies. This requires a cautious approach as the most central individuals are not always the same persons as the formal leaders. PMID:25871625

  19. Macroergonomics in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety.

    PubMed

    Carayon, Pascale; Karsh, Ben-Tzion; Gurses, Ayse P; Holden, Richard; Hoonakker, Peter; Hundt, Ann Schoofs; Montague, Enid; Rodriguez, Joy; Wetterneck, Tosha B

    2013-09-01

    The US Institute of Medicine and healthcare experts have called for new approaches to manage healthcare quality problems. In this chapter, we focus on macroergonomics, a branch of human factors and ergonomics that is based on the systems approach and considers the organizational and sociotechnical context of work activities and processes. Selected macroergonomic approaches to healthcare quality and patient safety are described such as the SEIPS model of work system and patient safety and the model of healthcare professional performance. Focused reviews on job stress and burnout, workload, interruptions, patient-centered care, health IT and medical devices, violations, and care coordination provide examples of macroergonomics contributions to healthcare quality and patient safety. Healthcare systems and processes clearly need to be systematically redesigned; examples of macroergonomic approaches, principles and methods for healthcare system redesign are described. Further research linking macroergonomics and care processes/patient outcomes is needed. Other needs for macroergonomics research are highlighted, including understanding the link between worker outcomes (e.g., safety and well-being) and patient outcomes (e.g., patient safety), and macroergonomics of patient-centered care and care coordination. PMID:24729777

  20. [Contemplations on responsibility for oral healthcare].

    PubMed

    Slootweg, P J; de Baat, C

    2012-05-01

    The academic dental education in The Netherlands has been extended to 6 years, among other reasons in order to make it possible for responsibility for oral healthcare to be borne in a wide medical context. It is the job of the 3 national dental schools to make this happen. The new dentist should know and recognize all (peri-)oral disorders and oral symptoms of systemic diseases, and he should be able to deliver oral healthcare to medically compromised patients. Accepting this responsibility is required for dentistry to be transformed into medical oral healthcare and for dentists to be upgraded to oral physicians. PMID:22667192

  1. The involvement of parents in the healthcare provided to hospitalzed children

    PubMed Central

    de Melo, Elsa Maria de Oliveira Pinheiro; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes; de Lima, Regina Aparecida Garcia; de Mello, Débora Falleiros

    2014-01-01

    Objective to analyze the answers of parents and health care professionals concerning the involvement of parents in the care provided to hospitalized children. Method exploratory study based on the conceptual framework of pediatric healthcare with qualitative data analysis. Results three dimensions of involvement were highlighted: daily care provided to children, opinions concerning the involvement of parents, and continuity of care with aspects related to the presence and participation of parents, benefits to the child and family, information needs, responsibility, right to healthcare, hospital infrastructure, care delivery, communication between the parents and health services, shared learning, and follow-up after discharge. Conclusion the involvement of parents in the care provided to their children has many meanings for parents, nurses and doctors. Specific strategies need to be developed with and for parents in order to mobilize parental competencies and contribute to increasing their autonomy and decision-making concerning the care provided to children. PMID:25029054

  2. The influence of community violence and protective factors on asthma morbidity and healthcare utilization in high-risk children.

    PubMed

    Bellin, Melissa; Osteen, Philip; Collins, Kathryn; Butz, Arlene; Land, Cassie; Kub, Joan

    2014-08-01

    We examined the longitudinal effects of community risk and protective factors on asthma morbidity and healthcare utilization. Three hundred urban caregivers of children with poorly controlled asthma were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness of a behavioral/educational intervention and completed measures of exposure to community violence (ECV), social cohesion (SC), informal social control (ISC), child asthma control, child asthma symptom days/nights, and healthcare utilization. Latent growth curve modeling examined the direct and interaction effects of ECV, SC, and ISC on the asthma outcomes over 12 months. Caregivers were primarily the biological mother (92 %), single (70 %), and poor (50 % earned less than $10,000). Children were African American (96 %) and young (mean age?=?5.5 years, SD?=?2.2). ECV at baseline was high, with 24.7 % of caregivers reporting more than two exposures to violence in the previous 6 months (M?=?1.45, SD?=?1.61). Caregiver ECV-predicted asthma-related healthcare utilization at baseline (b?=?0.19, SE?=?0.07, p?=?0.003) and 2 months (b?=?0.12, s.e.?=?0.05, p?=?0.04). ISC and SC moderated the effect of ECV on healthcare utilization. Our findings suggest that multifaceted interventions that include strategies to curb violence and foster feelings of cohesion among low-income urban residents may be needed to reduce asthma-related emergency services. PMID:24889008

  3. The US healthcare workforce and the labor market effect on healthcare spending and health outcomes.

    PubMed

    Pellegrini, Lawrence C; Rodriguez-Monguio, Rosa; Qian, Jing

    2014-06-01

    The healthcare sector was one of the few sectors of the US economy that created new positions in spite of the recent economic downturn. Economic contractions are associated with worsening morbidity and mortality, declining private health insurance coverage, and budgetary pressure on public health programs. This study examines the causes of healthcare employment growth and workforce composition in the US and evaluates the labor market's impact on healthcare spending and health outcomes. Data are collected for 50 states and the District of Columbia from 1999-2009. Labor market and healthcare workforce data are obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Mortality and health status data are collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Vital Statistics program and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Healthcare spending data are derived from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Dynamic panel data regression models, with instrumental variables, are used to examine the effect of the labor market on healthcare spending, morbidity, and mortality. Regression analysis is also performed to model the effects of healthcare spending on the healthcare workforce composition. All statistical tests are based on a two-sided [Formula: see text] significance of [Formula: see text] .05. Analyses are performed with STATA and SAS. The labor force participation rate shows a more robust effect on healthcare spending, morbidity, and mortality than the unemployment rate. Study results also show that declining labor force participation negatively impacts overall health status ([Formula: see text] .01), and mortality for males ([Formula: see text] .05) and females ([Formula: see text] .001), aged 16-64. Further, the Medicaid and Medicare spending share increases as labor force participation declines ([Formula: see text] .001); whereas, the private healthcare spending share decreases ([Formula: see text] .001). Public and private healthcare spending also has a differing effect on healthcare occupational employment per 100,000 people. Private healthcare spending positively impacts primary care physician employment ([Formula: see text] .001); whereas, Medicare spending drives up employment of physician assistants, registered nurses, and personal care attendants ([Formula: see text] .001). Medicaid and Medicare spending has a negative effect on surgeon employment ([Formula: see text] .05); the effect of private healthcare spending is positive but not statistically significant. Labor force participation, as opposed to unemployment, is a better proxy for measuring the effect of the economic environment on healthcare spending and health outcomes. Further, during economic contractions, Medicaid and Medicare's share of overall healthcare spending increases with meaningful effects on the configuration of state healthcare workforces and subsequently, provision of care for populations at-risk for worsening morbidity and mortality. PMID:24652416

  4. Introduction: Understanding Child Labour.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miljeteig, Per

    1999-01-01

    Explores contributions from the Urban Childhood Conference for the purpose of developing the child-labor discourse further and indicating the implications of the new understandings for further research and policy development. Highlights the nine articles in this issue, which address child labor at the international level, children's viewpoints,…

  5. Ethical Child Welfare Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leever, Martin G.; DeCiani, Gina; Mulaney, Ellen; Hasslinger, Heather; Gambrill, Eileen

    Noting that child welfare professionals can improve the quality and integrity of the services they provide if they develop ethical decision making skills, this book provides child welfare administrators and caseworkers with a framework for assessing ethical dilemmas, making sound ethical decisions, and delivering services with integrity to…

  6. Building the Biocentric Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchison, David

    2002-01-01

    Advocates an environmentally congruent conception of child development and includes Montessori theory as part of a biocentric view where child development connects to the laws of nature. Explains orientations to the world informing development of a biocentric vision of childhood: mastery, immersion, and engagement. Discusses how mastery and…

  7. The Only Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Marcia Ellen McGuire

    This review of the literature on the "only child" indicates that the single child is likely to be oriented more toward adults than towards peers, to be subjected more to an adult culture, to be an achiever who strikes out on his own, and to have a heightened sense of responsibility compared with children who have siblings. Statistics show only…

  8. CHILD HEALTH USA 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    Child Health USA 2002, the thirteenth annual report on the health status and service needs of America's children is presented by the Health Resources and Services Administration's Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB). To assess the bureau's progress toward achieving its vision...

  9. Fathers with Child Custody.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woody, Robert H.

    1978-01-01

    Since recent laws prescribe equal rights for both parents, more fathers will be receiving custody of their children. Counseling psychology must prepare these fathers for their new parental roles. Ten suggestions are listed, including professional training in child custody and the encouragement of father-mother and father-child relationships. (LPG)

  10. Lauren M. Childs Information

    E-print Network

    Weitz, Joshua S.

    . Held, L. M. Childs, M. Davison, J. S. Weitz, R. J. Whitaker, and D. Bhaya, (2012) CRISPR-Cas systems-011-9637-5. 3. L. M. Childs, N. Held, M. Young, R. Whittaker, and J. Weitz, (2012) Multi-scale Model of CRISPR. Weitz, Exploring the dynamics of CRISPR length: How much can a prokaryote remember about phages

  11. Child Transportation Safety Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This document presents nine tips regarding safe infant and child transportation, each tip explained in one to two pages. The tips are as follows: (1) quick safety seat checkup; (2) where should your child ride? (3) how to protect your new baby in the car; (4) what safety seat to use for a big baby or toddler? (5) how should preschool and school…

  12. Child sex rings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N J Wild; J M Wynne

    1986-01-01

    Details of 11 child sex rings identified in one working class community were obtained by interviewing investigating police officers and examining health and social services records. The rings contained 14 adult male perpetrators and 175 children aged 6-15 years. Most perpetrators used child ringleaders to recruit victims; others became a \\

  13. Tutoring Your Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Joanne

    The parents' role as teacher is important to a child's learning process. Parents tutoring their children are advised to remain positive and patient, be aware of the child's feelings, keep the tutoring time short, select a quiet place away from distractions, use games and manipulative objects rather than more abstract experiences, etc. Informal…

  14. Child Safety Curriculum Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

    This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

  15. Child Health USA 2013

    MedlinePLUS

    ... published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration in October 2013. Child Health ... 2013 . Suggested Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. ...

  16. Child prostitution in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Lau, Carmen

    2008-06-01

    Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central and South America and Asia. Of all the south-east Asian nations, the problem is most prolific in Thailand. In Thailand, there appears to be a long history of child prostitution, and this article explores the factors that underpin the Thai child sex industry and the lessons and implications that can be drawn for health care and nursing around the world. PMID:18469298

  17. Foundation for Child Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Foundation for Child Development \\"is a national, private philanthropy dedicated to the principle that all families should have the social and material resources to raise their children to be healthy, educated and productive members of their communities.\\" The Foundation seeks to help the disadvantaged especially, and works with families, schools, other non-profits, businesses and government. On the site, those interested in Child Development will find links to Public Policy at both the state and national level. Information about immigrant children as well as their own Child Well-Being Index. Also on the site are the archives of their in house publication \\"Learning Curve\\" where users can find articles on a plethora of topics ranging from \\"Fighting Fade-Out by advancing PK-3 Alignment\\" and \\"PK-3 Indicators available on Child Trends DataBank\\". Overall, a useful tool for students, instructors and professionals involved in Child Development.

  18. Take Care of Your Child's Teeth

    MedlinePLUS

    ... times a day. Protect your child’s teeth with fluoride (“FLOOR-ide”). Give your child healthy, low-sugar ... a day. Start brushing your child’s teeth with fluoride toothpaste at age 2 – or sooner if a ...

  19. Design and Implementation of Web-Based Healthcare Management System for Home Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Tsujimura; N. Shiraishi; A. Saito; H. Koba; S. Oshima; T. Sato; F. Ichihashi; Y. Sankai

    For safe and effective home healthcare, a network system monitoring one’s vital signs and evaluating one’s health conditions\\u000a is highly desirable. In our laboratory, we have developed a vital sensing system for home healthcare. The purpose of this\\u000a study is to design and implement a prototype web-based healthcare management system (WBHMS) to make effective use of the data\\u000a that are

  20. Intelligent Healthcare Information Assistant: Towards Agent-Based Healthcare Knowledge Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zafar Iqbal HASHMI; Syed Sibte; Raza ABIDI; Yu-N CHEAH

    2002-01-01

    Initiatives in healthcare knowledge management have provided some interesting solutions for the implementation of large-scale information repositories vis-à-vis the implementation of Healthcare Enterprise Memories (HEM). In this paper, we present an agent-based Intelligent Healthcare Information Assistant (IHIA) for dynamic information gathering, filtering and adaptation from a HEM comprising an amalgamation of (i) databases storing empirical knowledge, (ii) case- bases storing

  1. Healthcare 2015 and U.S. health plans

    E-print Network

    in which U.S. health plans operate is fundamentally changing as the healthcare system struggles to addressHealthcare 2015 and U.S. health plans New roles, new competencies Healthcare IBM Institute the authors or send an e-mail to iibv@us.ibm.com for more information. #12; The U.S. healthcare system

  2. Modeling healthcare processes as service orchestrations and choreographies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morad Benyoucef; Craig Kuziemsky; Amir Afrasiabi Rad; Ali Elsabbahi

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Service-oriented architecture is becoming increasingly important for healthcare delivery as it assures seamless integration internally between various teams and departments, and externally between healthcare organizations and their partners. In order to make healthcare more efficient and effective, we need to understand and evaluate its processes, and one way of achieving that is through process modeling. Modeling healthcare processes

  3. Ergonomics concerns and the impact of healthcare information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Hedge; Tamara James; Sonja Pavlovic-Veselinovic

    2011-01-01

    The US healthcare industry is poised on the verge of a massive expansion of its information technology infrastructure. Healthcare information technology (IT) is permeating numerous areas of healthcare delivery and fundamentally changing the nature of many healthcare jobs. When a comparable expansion in HIT use occurred in the office environment in the 1980s, little attention was paid to ergonomic design

  4. Modeling and estimating the spatial distribution of healthcare workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Ephraim Curtis; Christopher S. Hlady; Sriram V. Pemmaraju; Philip M. Polgreen; Alberto Maria Segre

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a spatial model for healthcare workers' location in a large hospital facility. Such models have many applications in healthcare, such as supporting time-and- motion efficiency studies to improve healthcare delivery, or modeling the spread of hospital-acquired infections. We use our model to estimate spatial distributions for healthcare workers in The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics (UIHC),

  5. Healthcare waste management in Algeria and Mostaganem department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. Bendjoudi; F. Taleb; F. Abdelmalek; A. Addou

    2009-01-01

    Algeria as other developing countries faces an array of challenges for healthcare waste management. The management of healthcare waste is of major importance due to its public health risks and potential environmental hazards. Many efforts have been made by the government authorities in order to better manage the waste from healthcare facilities. However most healthcare facilities do not comply with

  6. Artful leadership in healthcare: encouraging the possible.

    PubMed

    Greene, Lloyd; Burke, George

    2007-01-01

    A dramatic trend has developed in leadership preparation: the use of Arts Based Training (ABT). Recent literature has reported that the corporate world and graduate business degree programs have discovered the significant value that the arts can play in educating and developing management talent. The MFA (Master of Fine Arts) is the new MBA! The reasoning behind this shift is the increased need for "right brain" thinkers. This trend may very well extend to healthcare leadership. This paper provides a comprehensive literature review, a section on possibilities for ABT in healthcare organizations, a section on possibilities for ABT in Graduate Education of Healthcare Leaders, a summary rationale for using ABT for developing healthcare leaders, and conclusions and recommendations. PMID:18578266

  7. Communication Issues in Pervasive Healthcare Systems and

    E-print Network

    Vouyioukas, Demosthenes

    -monitoring using mobile networks includes physiological monitoring of parameters such as heart rate physiological signals. Alternative uses include physical activity monitoring of parameters such as movement at home are often physically remote to suitable healthcare providers. Research and development advances

  8. Interventional Radiology healthcare.utah.edu/radiology

    E-print Network

    Feschotte, Cedric

    Interventional Radiology healthcare.utah.edu/radiology Radiology What is Interventional Radiology? Interventional radiology involves radiologists treating disease with minimally invasive surgery. These surgeries are performed using radiologic images to guide small catheters. Because many of these procedures are safer

  9. Making existing technology safer in healthcare

    E-print Network

    Akiyama, Masanori

    Background: Technology, equipment and medical devices are vital for effective healthcare throughout the world but are associated with risks. These risks include device failure, inappropriate use, insufficient user-training ...

  10. Grounding Information Security in Healthcare Ana Ferreiraacd

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    1 Grounding Information Security in Healthcare Ana Ferreiraacd , Ricardo Correiabd , David- 007 Porto, Portugal d CINTESIS ­ Center for research in health information Systems and technologies control policies and in making information security more grounded into their workflows and daily practices

  11. "Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics"

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    "Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics" Laura Barnes Assistant Professor lbarnes, and robotics. We are interested in problems such as computationally modeling group behavior and interactions and clinicians. Robotics & Multiagent Systems Research in this area is specifically focused on multiagent

  12. Modeling Second Order Impacts of Healthcare Innovation

    E-print Network

    Edwardson, Nicholas

    2014-08-13

    three innovations currently being implemented in the healthcare industry—training primary care residents to perform in-office colonoscopies, Studer Group’s ‘Evidence Based Leadership,’ and implementation of electronic health records in a hospital...

  13. Child protection network and the intersector implementation of the circle of security as alternatives to medication?

    PubMed Central

    Becker, Ana Laura Martins M.M.; de Souza, Paulo Haddad; de Oliveira, Mônica Martins; Paraguay, Nestor Luiz Bruzzi B.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the clinical history of a child with aggressive behavior and recurring death-theme speech, and report the experience of the team of authors, who proposed an alternative to medication through the establishment of a protection network and the inter-sector implementation of the circle of security concept. Case description: A 5-year-old child has a violent and aggressive behavior at the daycare. The child was diagnosed by the healthcare center with depressive disorder and behavioral disorder, and was medicated with sertraline and risperidone. Side effects were observed, and the medications were discontinued. Despite several actions, such as talks, teamwork, psychological and psychiatric follow-up, the child's behavior remained unchanged. Remarks: A unique therapeutic project was developed by Universidade Estadual de Campinas' Medical School students in order to establish a connection between the entities responsible for the child's care (daycare center, healthcare center, and family). Thus, the team was able to develop a basic care protection network. The implementation of the inter-sector circle of security, as well as the communication and cooperation among the teams, produced very favorable results in this case. This initiative was shown to be a feasible and effective alternative to the use of medication for this child. PMID:25479857

  14. PERSONALIZED HEALTHCARE COMMUNICATION IN INTERNET OF THINGS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikhail Simonov; Riccardo Zich; Flavia Mazzitelli

    Personalized healthcare is a challenge because supports the sustainability of care. Internet of Things is a paradigm promising to manage the digital identity, so the personalization of care services. Different equipment is used in extra-wall healthcare and assistive services, requiring different sorts of objects to communicate and to make the ubiquitous system-of-system. Extended entities and mixed roles are becoming inter-operable.

  15. Crew resource management: applications in healthcare organizations.

    PubMed

    Oriol, Mary David

    2006-09-01

    Healthcare organizations continue their struggle to establish a culture of open communication and collaboration. Lessons are learned from the aviation industry, which long ago acknowledged that most errors were the result of poor communication and coordination rather than individual mistakes. The author presents a review of how some healthcare organizations have successfully adopted aviation's curriculum called Crew Resource Management, which promotes and reinforces the conscious, learned team behaviors of cooperation, coordination, and sharing. PMID:16969251

  16. Resilience in healthcare and clinical handover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S A Jeffcott; J E Ibrahim; P A Cameron

    2009-01-01

    Background:Understanding and applying human factors in healthcare provides significant opportunities for improving patient safety. A key human factors concept is “resilience,” which investigates how individuals, teams and organisations monitor, adapt to and act on failures in high-risk situations. Although it is a new concept to healthcare, it is well accepted in other high-risk industries. Resilience moves the focus away from

  17. CHILD-to-Child Trial Program. Ajoya, Sinaloa, Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, David

    1983-01-01

    The CHILD-to-Child program is based on the recognition that older siblings often influence their younger family members. Activities of the CHILD-to-Child Program in Ajoya, Sinaloa, Mexico, relating to teaching about diarrhea and breast-feeding, are described. (CJ)

  18. Child Advocacy: Today's Answer for Child Abuse Prevention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNees, Penny A.

    This document examines the sociological, psychological, and biological aspects of child abuse. It provides definitions of child abuse and historical perspectives of child abuse, the juvenile court system, and child sexual abuse. The psychology of the victim and of the offender is discussed, bibliotherapy is presented as one way of helping children…

  19. Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies

    E-print Network

    McConnell, Terry

    Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Ambika Krishnakumar, Chair, 315 Irene Kehres, Director of Undergraduate Studies, 315-443-9634 The Department of Child and Family Studies healthy family and child development. Students are involved in learning both in class and field

  20. Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Robert P. Moreno, Chair, 315-443-1715 The Department of Child and Family Studies (CFS) is involved in the scientific investigation of children of four tracks of specialization: (a) Early Child Development, (b) Youth and Family Development, (c) Early

  1. Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Robert P. Moreno, Chair, 315 of Child and Family Studies (CFS) is involved in the scientific investigation of children and families of specialization: (a) Early Child Development, (b) Youth and Family Development, (c) Early Childhood Education (4

  2. Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Robert P. Moreno, Chair, 315 UNDERGRADUATE Robert P. Moreno, Undergraduate Program Director, 315-443-1715 The Department of Child and Family.S. degree program pursue interests in one of four tracks of specialization: (a) Early Child Development, (b

  3. Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Robert Moreno, Chair, 315 Carter, Undergraduate Program Director, 315-443-1715 The Department of Child and Family Studies (CFS family and child development. Students are involved in learning both in class and field experiences so

  4. Child care for preschoolers: Differences by child’s age

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arleen Leibowitz; Linda J. Waite; Christina Witsberger

    1988-01-01

    Because of the high rates of employment of mothers, a large and increasing number of preschool children receive regular care\\u000a from someone else. This article develops and tests hypotheses about the choice of child care arrangements for younger and\\u000a older preschool children, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women. We argue that appropriate care\\u000a depends on the

  5. Asthma Outcomes: Healthcare Utilization and Costs

    PubMed Central

    Akinbami, Lara J.; Sullivan, Sean D.; Campbell, Jonathan D.; Grundmeier, Robert W.; Hartert, Tina V.; Lee, Todd A.; Smith, Robert A.

    2014-01-01

    Background Measures of healthcare utilization and indirect impact of asthma morbidity are used to assess clinical interventions and estimate cost. Objective National Institutes of Health (NIH) institutes and other federal agencies convened an expert group to propose standardized measurement, collection, analysis, and reporting of healthcare utilization and cost outcomes in future asthma studies. Methods We used comprehensive literature reviews and expert opinion to compile a list of asthma healthcare utilization outcomes that we classified as core (required in future studies), supplemental (used according to study aims and standardized) and emerging (requiring validation and standardization). We also have identified methodology to assign cost to these outcomes. This work was discussed at an NIH-organized workshop in March 2010 and finalized in September 2011. Results We identified 3 ways to promote comparability across clinical trials for measures of healthcare utilization, resource use, and cost: (1) specify the study perspective (patient, clinician, payer, society), (2) standardize the measurement period (ideally, 12 months), and (3) use standard units to measure healthcare utilization and other asthma-related events. Conclusions Large clinical trials and observational studies should collect and report detailed information on healthcare utilization, intervention resources, and indirect impact of asthma, so that costs can be calculated and cost-effectiveness analyses can be conducted across several studies. Additional research is needed to develop standard, validated survey instruments for collection of provider-reported and participant-reported data regarding asthma-related health care. PMID:22386509

  6. Advanced networks and computing in healthcare

    PubMed Central

    Ackerman, Michael

    2011-01-01

    As computing and network capabilities continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to understand the varied applications for using them to provide healthcare. The objective of this review is to identify key characteristics and attributes of healthcare applications involving the use of advanced computing and communication technologies, drawing upon 45 research and development projects in telemedicine and other aspects of healthcare funded by the National Library of Medicine over the past 12?years. Only projects publishing in the professional literature were included in the review. Four projects did not publish beyond their final reports. In addition, the authors drew on their first-hand experience as project officers, reviewers and monitors of the work. Major themes in the corpus of work were identified, characterizing key attributes of advanced computing and network applications in healthcare. Advanced computing and network applications are relevant to a range of healthcare settings and specialties, but they are most appropriate for solving a narrower range of problems in each. Healthcare projects undertaken primarily to explore potential have also demonstrated effectiveness and depend on the quality of network service as much as bandwidth. Many applications are enabling, making it possible to provide service or conduct research that previously was not possible or to achieve outcomes in addition to those for which projects were undertaken. Most notable are advances in imaging and visualization, collaboration and sense of presence, and mobility in communication and information-resource use. PMID:21486877

  7. Child abuse in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Okeahialam, T C

    1984-01-01

    Although child abuse occurs in Nigeria, it has received little attention. This is probably due to the emphasis placed on the more prevalent childhood problems of malnutrition and infection. Another possible reason is the general assumption that in every African society the extended family system always provides love, care and protection to all children. Yet there are traditional child rearing practices which adversely affect some children, such as purposeful neglect or abandonment of severely handicapped children, and twins or triplets in some rural areas. With the alteration of society by rapid socioeconomic and political changes, various forms of child abuse have been identified, particularly in the urban areas. These may be considered the outcome of abnormal interactions of the child, parents/ guardians and society. They include abandonment of normal infants by unmarried or very poor mothers in cities, increased child labour and exploitation of children from rural areas in urban elite families, and abuse of children in urban nuclear families by childminders . Preventive measures include provision of infrastructural facilities and employment opportunities in the rural areas in order to prevent drift of the young population to the cities. This would sustain the supportive role of the extended family system which is rapidly being eroded. There is need for more effective legal protection for the handicapped child, and greater awareness of the existence of child abuse in the community by health and social workers. PMID:6232976

  8. Child maltreatment in India.

    PubMed

    Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

    2013-11-01

    Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

  9. Ruthenium hydrides containing the superhindered polydentate polyphosphine ligand P(CH2CH2P(t)Bu2)3.

    PubMed

    Gilbert-Wilson, Ryan; Field, Leslie D; Bhadbhade, Mohan

    2014-12-01

    The complex RuH2(N2)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (1) containing the extremely bulky PP3-type ligand P(2)P3(tBu) = P(CH2CH2P(t)Bu2)3 was synthesized by reduction of RuCl2(P(2)P3(tBu)) (2) with Na/NH3 under a N2 atmosphere. Like other complexes containing the P(2)P3(tBu) ligand, only three of the four donor phosphines are coordinated, and one of the phosphines remains as a dangling pendant phosphine. Reduction of RuCl2(P(2)P3(tBu)) (2) with a range of the more usual hydride reducing agents afforded the previously unknown ruthenium hydride complexes RuHCl(P(2)P3(tBu)) (3), RuH(BH4)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (6), RuH(AlH4)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (7), and the ruthenium(II) trihydride K[Ru(H)3(P(2)P3(tBu))] (8). The ruthenium tetrahydride containing a coordinated H2 ligand RuH2(H2)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (10) was synthesized by exchange of N2 in 1 by H2. Complexes 1, 3, 6, 7, and 8 were characterized by crystallography and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. PMID:25390508

  10. Solid Medical Waste Management in Healthcare Centers in Palestine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Issam A. Al-Khatib; Mohamed Abu-Dayah; Hussein Hajjeh; Tayseer Al-Shanbleh

    \\u000a This chapter discusses the current situation of solid waste management in healthcare centers in Palestine. The monthly estimated\\u000a quantity of solid waste produced by the healthcare centers in Palestine was 472.9 tons. There is very little separation of\\u000a solid waste in primary healthcare centers (38.1%) as compared to secondary healthcare centers (71%). Only 17.3% of the healthcare\\u000a centers in Palestine

  11. Injury prevention in child death review: child pedestrian fatalities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ediriweera Desapriya; Meridith Sones; Tansey Ramanzin; Sara Weinstein; Giulia Scime; Ian Pike

    2011-01-01

    ObjectiveThis article describes the epidemiology of child pedestrian fatalities in British Columbia using data generated by the province's Child Death Review Unit, to demonstrate the unique capacity of child death review to provide an ecological understanding of child mortality and catalyse evidence based, multi-level prevention strategies.MethodsAll child pedestrian fatalities in British Columbia from 1 January 1 2003 to 31 December

  12. Cyber child sexual exploitation.

    PubMed

    Burgess, Ann Wolbert; Mahoney, Meghan; Visk, Julie; Morgenbesser, Leonard

    2008-09-01

    A 2-year review of 285 child cyber crime cases reported in the newspaper revealed how the Internet offenders were apprehended, the content of child pornography, and crime classification. A subsample of 100 cases with data on offender occupation revealed 73% of cases involved people in positions of authority. The dynamics of child cyber crime cases direct the implications for nursing practice in terms of evidence-based suspicion for reporting, categorizing the content of Internet images, referral of children for counseling, and treatment of offenders. PMID:18822999

  13. Child universes UV regularization?

    E-print Network

    E. I. Guendelman

    2007-03-26

    It is argued that high energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling prevents these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which takes into account gravitational effects. Also child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed.

  14. Epidemiology of Child Maltreatment Recurrences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane DePanfilis; Susan J. Zuravin

    1999-01-01

    The recurrence of child maltreatment following a report to Child Protective Services is one index of the effectiveness of the public child welfare system. This article reports on the analysis of the patterns and frequency of recurrences of substantiated instances of maltreatment in an urban child welfare system. Results from survival analyses indicated that risk of recurrence was greatest during

  15. A Child's Journey through Placement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahlberg, Vera I.

    Although much is available in the child welfare literature about families and casework process and procedures, there is little literature available that has the child as its primary focus. This book focuses on a child's feelings, needs, and behaviors once the decision has been made to place the child in foster care. Several themes evident…

  16. carleton.ca Child Studies

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    carleton.ca Child Studies #12;You should consider an interdisciplinary degree in child studies (Master's degree or a PhD) in a child-related discipline. If these are some of your goals, then Carleton's Child Studies program is for you! The Carleton advantage A unique program Carleton University is one

  17. Application for Child Care Subsidy

    E-print Network

    Adams, Mark

    Application for Child Care Subsidy FIRST ELIGIBLE CHILD'S NAME: AGE: SEMESTER AND YEAR OF FIRST.M.A. candidates in a program in the Arts and Sciences are eligible to receive a $1,000 subsidy for each child who per eligible child per academic year, even if both parents are GSAS students. INFORMATION ON ELIGIBLE

  18. Trends in Family Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2011-01-01

    The author presents insights from various readers of "ExchangeEveryDay" regarding trends in the world of family child care. Kathleen Reticker of Acre Family Child Care in Lowell, Massachusetts thinks an increasing trend in Family Child Care is the pressure to emulate a Center, instead of seeing family child care as a different model. Over the…

  19. A Psychodynamic Child Rating Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szapocznik, Jose; And Others

    Research showing psychodynamic child therapy to be less effective than other forms of child treatment have used outcome measures focusing on symptomatic and behavioral change rather than on psychodynamic processes. A child therapy assessment procedure than measures the psychological functioning of the child in a psychodynamically meaningful way is…

  20. Child Abuse and Adolescent Parenting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tracie O. Afifi

    2007-01-01

    Adolescent parents are commonly identified as an at-risk group in the child abuse literature. However, theoretical models specific to the area of child abuse and adolescent parenting are not well developed. This essay reviews established theories on child abuse, abusive parenting, and adolescent parenting to synthesize a proposed child abuse and adolescent parenting model. An ecological perspective is used to

  1. Mandatory Child Abuse Reporting Laws

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seth C. Kalichman; Cheryl L. Brosig; Moira O. Kalichman

    1994-01-01

    Legislation which requires professionals to report suspected child abuse constitutes a major facet of social policy directed at addressing child maltreatment. Mental health professionals in general, and professionals who treat offenders in particular, are frequently made aware of situations of child abuse which are required to be reported to child protection agencies. The present paper reviews the literature relevant to

  2. Temperament and Child Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, George W.

    1973-01-01

    Proposed is an approach to child development which holds that intellectual capacity, neuromuscular development, language development, and temperament are overlapping areas; and considered are often unrecognized behavioral aspects of temperament. (MC)

  3. Stop Child Poverty

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A number of international organizations are committed to helping end child poverty, and one of the best known of their number is the Global Volunteer Network. Through their advocacy work and the Stop Child Poverty campaign, they are dedicated to the proposition that child poverty can be completed eradicated. Through sections titled "Learn It", "Live It", and "Pass it On", visitors to this site will learn about the "big picture" of child poverty and how they can become directly involved in any number of volunteer projects. The "Pass It On" area is quite fine in this regard, as visitors can look over a message board where they can discuss the campaign, and then use a zip-code search engine to find volunteer opportunities in their area.

  4. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Trauma Trauma Basics Disaster and Terrorism Military Trauma Violence & other Trauma Assessment Assessment Overview Adult Interviews Adult Self Report Child Measures Deployment Measures DSM-5 Validated Measures PTSD Screens Trauma Exposure Measures Assessment Request Form List of ...

  5. Child safety seats

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

  6. Conversations in Child Care

    MedlinePLUS

    ... children during shared reading in a discussion about characters and events. For instance, ask children • what they ... about unfamiliar or new words • about what the characters are thinking and feeling Conversations in the child ...

  7. Child abuse - sexual

    MedlinePLUS

    ... org Prevent Child Abuse America - www.childabuse.org Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network - www.rainn.org ... also need to be taught how to avoid rape and date rape. Constant supervision and vigilance by ...

  8. Choosing Child Care

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 5. Back Continue At the End of the Day After all your research, interviewing, and observing, you ... still have doubts, daily reports about your child's day or frequent visits to the care facility can ...

  9. Wormholes and Child Universes

    E-print Network

    Guendelman, E I

    2010-01-01

    Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe pr...

  10. Your Child's Cough

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and when to go to the doctor. "Barky" Cough Barky coughs are usually caused by a swelling ... happens when the child inhales (breathes in). Whooping Cough Whooping cough is another name for pertussis, an ...

  11. Normal Child Behavior

    MedlinePLUS

    ... intellectual development. They may be forbidden by law, ethics, religion, or social mores. They might include very ... Your School-Age Child: Ages 5 to 12 (Copyright © 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics) The information contained ...

  12. Telepsychiatry and Your Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For all questions please contact the AACAP Communications & Marketing Coordinator, ext. 154. If you need immediate assistance, please dial 911. Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

  13. African American Child 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    TDOC Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1314 Child Guidance Techniques The Texas MM University System ~ Texas Agricultural Extension Service DMia! C. Pfannstiel . Director College Station B-1314 ... 2 Contents Helpful Guidance T echniques... ______ ____ _________ ___________ ____________________________ 14 This bulletin was prepared by Roberta C Frasier, Extension fam- " ily life specialist at Oregon State University and former chairman of the Department of Child Development at Washington State Univer- sity_ Mrs_ Frasier, the mother of three, has...

  14. Child Guidance Techniques. 

    E-print Network

    Fraiser, Roberta C.

    1982-01-01

    TDOC Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1314 Child Guidance Techniques The Texas MM University System ~ Texas Agricultural Extension Service DMia! C. Pfannstiel . Director College Station B-1314 ... 2 Contents Helpful Guidance T echniques... ______ ____ _________ ___________ ____________________________ 14 This bulletin was prepared by Roberta C Frasier, Extension fam- " ily life specialist at Oregon State University and former chairman of the Department of Child Development at Washington State Univer- sity_ Mrs_ Frasier, the mother of three, has...

  15. Your child is dead

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I Finlay; D Dallimore

    1991-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents. SUBJECTS--150 bereaved parents, all members of the organisation, of whom 120 (80%) participated voluntarily in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Child's age; date and cause of death; details of person

  16. [The importance of waste from healthcare services for teachers, students and graduates of the healthcare sector].

    PubMed

    Moreschi, Claudete; Rempel, Claudete; Backes, Dirce Stein; Carreno, Ioná; de Siqueira, Daiana Foggiato; Marina, Bruna

    2014-06-01

    This study aimed to explore the perception healthcare sector teachers, students and graduates from two institutions of higher learning in Rio Grande do Sul, on the generation of waste from healthcare services. It used a qualitative research approach, performed with 13 teachers, 18 students and 12 healthcare professionals, who were collected through a focus group. The main results showed there is a perception toward the importance of proper segregation and disposal of Healthcare Service Waste, also there is a lack of concern for the reduction of these wastes. Therefore, the issue requires a broader understanding of the environment, with a view of planetary sustainability, exposing needs to provide the healthcare professionals with knowledge and awareness of the importance of handling these types of waste. PMID:25158456

  17. Geographical accessibility to healthcare and malnutrition in Rwanda.

    PubMed

    Aoun, Nael; Matsuda, Hirotaka; Sekiyama, Makiko

    2015-04-01

    The prevalence of stunting in children less than five years of age is elevated in Rwanda. It is one of the main health challenges upon which the government is struggling to achieve progress. Health centers and district hospitals in Rwanda are expected to provide a package of health services including nutrition related activities, nutritional rehabilitation, education, and growth monitoring. They can hence play a potent role in alleviating malnutrition and stunting in Rwanda. This study tested whether travel time from household clusters to the nearest health center was significantly and negatively associated with the distribution of height-for-age z-scores of younger than five year old children in the eastern province of Rwanda. Data for 974 children was extracted from the Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) database. However, since DHS does not contain any information on travel time to health centers, the latter was simulated using AccessMod 4.0, an extension to ArcGIS 9.3.1 that simulates health facilities' catchment areas and travel times to health facilities. Travel time was found to be negatively associated with height-for-age z-scores at the 5% level in a stepwise regression analysis that controlled for wealth index, mother's primary and secondary education, sex of the child, preceding birth interval, and birth order of the child. Field measurements are needed to validate travel time. If validated, results point to the importance of improved access to healthcare facilities as a potential pathway in reducing stunting in Rwanda. PMID:25697636

  18. Wormholes and Child Universes

    E-print Network

    E. I. Guendelman

    2010-03-21

    Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which take into account semiclassically gravitational effects. Child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular the connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed. Some discussion of superexcited states in the case these states are Kaluza Klein excitations is carried out. Finally, the posibility of obtaining "string like" effects from the wormholes associated with the child universes is discussed.

  19. The child in hospital*

    PubMed Central

    1955-01-01

    In 1951 the WHO Regional Office for Europe as a part of its long-term activities in child health initiated plans for a meeting between paediatricians and child psychiatrists, at which they could discuss their respective roles and the co-ordination of their work. Early in 1953 an ad hoc committee was called together to discuss the possibility of holding a conference which would delineate the role of the paediatrician in the management of psychosomatic and behaviour disorders in young children. This committee, consisting of leading specialists in paediatrics and child psychiatry, under the chairmanship of Professor R. Debré (France), felt that any wider conference should be devoted to considering more fully the inter-relation of somatic and psychological processes in sick children, the respective roles of paediatricians and child psychiatrists in their treatment, and the working relations between the different disciplines responsible for the care of children. In order to avoid diffusion of effort, and to arrive as far as possible at practical conclusions, the study group that was subsequently convened in Stockholm concentrated on one important aspect of child care—the child in hospital. PMID:14364192

  20. From “Child Saving” to “Child Development”?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfred J. Kahn

    What next for the field we now know as “child welfare”? Federal pressure, federal funding, court actions, periodic citizen\\u000a advocacy and occasional citizen or agency recourse to the courts have created a system of sorts, a system constantly undergoing\\u000a change or viewed as poorly implemented. Now, the leadership of our public social services, supportive citizens and foundations,\\u000a policy researchers, and,

  1. 78 FR 9054 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Respiratory Protection for Healthcare...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-07

    ...Respiratory Protection for Healthcare Workers''. Stakeholder...solutions to improve healthcare worker compliance with personal protective technologies (PPT), with a focus...better respirators for healthcare workers. This...

  2. 78 FR 32369 - Healthcare Trade Mission to Russia, October 21-25, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ...Significant equipment, technologies, and investments are needed in the healthcare sector, specifically...renovating and upgrading healthcare facilities, was...addition, Russian healthcare providers need modern technologies for...

  3. 76 FR 68189 - Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ...TRADE COMMISSION [File No. 111 0097] Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed...Commission'') has accepted from Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc. (``Healthcare Technology''), subject to final...

  4. [Protecting the unborn child. Information needed long before pregnancy].

    PubMed

    Dreux, Claude; Crépin, Gilles

    2006-03-01

    The unborn child is at risk from several maternal diseases and behaviors, such as smoking (tobacco and cannabis) and alcohol consumption. Other threats come from maternal infections (AIDS, hepatitis, rubella, toxoplasmosis, etc.), certain medicines, obesity, diabetes, etc. Many young women of child-bearing potential are unaware of these risks, and need to be informed well before they conceive. Healthcare professionals must be trained to provide this information, notably during preconceptional consultations. The first examination should take place during the first month of pregnancy (rather than before the third month at present), given the risks of early embryonic and fetal damage. This is not just a question of public health but also a social issue, as the lack of information is most flagrant among the poor. Everything must be done to ensure that all children have the best possible chance of growing up in good health. PMID:17140105

  5. CPR - child (1 to 8 years old)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... breathing and chest compressions - child; Resuscitation - cardiopulmonary - child; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation - child ... CPR can be lifesaving, but it is best done by someone trained in an accredited CPR course. ...

  6. Improvement, trust, and the healthcare workforce

    PubMed Central

    Berwick, D

    2003-01-01

    Although major defects in the performance of healthcare systems are well documented, progress toward remedy remains slow. Accelerating improvement will require large shifts in attitudes toward and strategies for developing the healthcare workforce. At present, prevailing strategies rely largely on outmoded theories of control and standardisation of work. More modern, and much more effective, theories of production seek to harness the imagination and participation of the workforce in reinventing the system. This requires a workforce capable of setting bold aims, measuring progress, finding alternative designs for the work itself, and testing changes rapidly and informatively. It also requires a high degree of trust in many forms, a bias toward teamwork, and a predilection toward shouldering the burden of improvement, rather than blaming external factors. A new healthcare workforce strategy, founded on these principles, will yield much faster improvement than at present. PMID:14645740

  7. La1-xLnxH(O3PCH3)2 (Ln = Tb, Eu; 0 < x ? 1): an organic-inorganic hybrid with lanthanide chains and tunable luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Mutelet, B; Boudin, S; Pérez, O; Rueff, J M; Labbé, C; Jaffrès, P A

    2015-01-21

    The organic/inorganic La1-xLnxH(O3PCH3)2 (Ln = Eu, Tb) hybrids have been synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis. The crystal structure of LaH(O3PCH3)2 consists of chains of edge-sharing LaO8 polyhedra linked through PO3C tetrahedra. Photoluminescence of Eu(3+), Tb(3+) and Eu(3+)/Tb(3+) co-doped materials have been investigated. The Eu and Tb hybrids show no concentration quenching versus doping rate suggesting energy migration through a percolation model. The Eu hybrids exhibit a red emission while the Tb ones exhibit, with the Tb rate increasing, a blue to green emission under a 378 nm excitation wavelength and a cyan to green emission under a 262 nm excitation wavelength. The doping rate dependent red shift results from a cross relaxation phenomenon between closed Tb(3+) ions. The blue to cyan shift observed for the slightly doped materials, when excitation wavelength shifts from 378 nm to 262 nm, is due to different relaxation phenomena, from the (5)D3 level for a 378 nm excitation wavelength and from the (5)D4 level via the 4f5d level for a 262 nm excitation wavelength. Under a 378 nm wavelength, the co-doped La0.93Eu0.03Tb0.04H(O3PCH3)2 hybrid exhibits a white/cyan emission with CIE coordinates equal to x = 0.29, y = 0.37. PMID:25412907

  8. Interactions between fission yeast Cdk9, its cyclin partner Pch1, and mRNA capping enzyme Pct1 suggest an elongation checkpoint for mRNA quality control.

    PubMed

    Pei, Yi; Schwer, Beate; Shuman, Stewart

    2003-02-28

    RNA polymerase II (pol II) is subject to an early elongation delay induced by negative factors Spt5/Spt4 and NELF, which is overcome by the positive factor P-TEFb (Cdk9/cyclin T), a protein kinase that phosphorylates the pol II C-terminal domain (CTD) and the transcription elongation factor Spt5. Although the rationale for this arrest and restart is unclear, recent studies suggest a connection to mRNA capping, which is coupled to transcription elongation via physical and functional interactions between the cap-forming enzymes, the CTD-PO(4), and Spt5. Here we identify a novel interaction between fission yeast RNA triphosphatase Pct1, the enzyme that initiates cap formation, and Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cdk9. The C-terminal segment of SpCdk9 comprises a Pct1-binding domain distinct from the N-terminal Cdk domain. We show that the Cdk domain interacts with S. pombe Pch1, a homolog of cyclin T, and that the purified recombinant SpCdk9/Pch1 heterodimer can phosphorylate both the pol II CTD and the C-terminal domain of S. pombe Spt5. We provide genetic evidence that SpCdk9 and Pch1 are functional orthologs of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CTD kinase Bur1/Bur2, a putative yeast P-TEFb. Mutations of the kinase active site and the regulatory T-loop of SpCdk9 abolish its activity in vivo. Deleting the C-terminal domain of SpCdk9 causes a severe growth defect. We suggest a model whereby Spt5-induced arrest of early elongation ensures a temporal window for recruitment of the capping enzymes, which in turn attract Cdk9 to alleviate the arrest. This elongation checkpoint may avoid wasteful rounds of transcription of uncapped pre-mRNAs. PMID:12475973

  9. Why healthcare facilities are vulnerable to crime.

    PubMed

    Mikow-Porto, Victoria A; Smith, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Although the public's view of healthcare facilities is that they are inherently safe and secure, administrators and staff members in hospitals are very aware that they could be vulnerable to an episode of violence at any time, according to the author. Today, crimes, including homicide, are an ever-present reality in healthcare facilities, they report, citing recent studies which attempt to explain why this is so. The article is based on the introduction to the IAHSS and IHSS Foundation 2012 Crime and Security Trends Survey. The complete survey is accessible to members in the Reference Section of the IAHSS web page. PMID:24020317

  10. [The conception of healthcare in Confucianism].

    PubMed

    Bao, Xiao-Dong

    2003-01-01

    As the founder of Confucianism, Confucius lead a life of frustration and experienced all difficulties. Interestingly, he enjoyed a long life of over seventy years old. Naturally, his viewpoint on healthcare aroused the interests of late-comers He first emphasized the morality, claiming that those kind people can live long, advocated the doctrine of the mean, open-minded and optimism, exercise of the body and mind, dietary hygiene, avoidance of ghost, and taking care of medication. As the important integral part of Chinese traditional culture, Confucianism also yields profound influence on the development of healthcare in China. PMID:12921594

  11. The normalization of deviance in healthcare delivery

    PubMed Central

    Banja, John

    2009-01-01

    Many serious medical errors result from violations of recognized standards of practice. Over time, even egregious violations of standards of practice may become “normalized” in healthcare delivery systems. This article describes what leads to this normalization and explains why flagrant practice deviations can persist for years, despite the importance of the standards at issue. This article also provides recommendations to aid healthcare organizations in identifying and managing unsafe practice deviations before they become normalized and pose genuine risks to patient safety, quality care, and employee morale. PMID:20161685

  12. The structural definition of adducts of stoichiometry MX:dppx (1:1) M = Cu I, Ag I, X = simple anion, dppx=Ph 2P(CH 2) x PPh 2, x = 3–6

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Effendy; Corrado Di Nicola; Mauro Fianchini; Claudio Pettinari; Brian W. Skelton; Neil Somers; Allan H. White

    2005-01-01

    Single crystal X-ray structural characterizations are recorded for a wide range of adducts of the form MX:dppx (1:1)(n), M=silver(I) (predominantly), copper(I), X=simple (pseudo-) halide or oxy-anion (the latter spanning, where accessible, perchlorate, nitrate, carboxylate – a range of increasing basicity), dppx=bis(diphenylphosphino)alkane, Ph2P(CH2)xPPh2, x=3–6. Adducts are defined of two binuclear forms: (i) [LM(?-X)2L], with each ligand chelating a single metal atom,

  13. Point prevalence and risk factors for healthcare-associated infections in primary healthcare wards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Puhto; P. Ylipalosaari; P. Ohtonen; H. Syrjala

    2011-01-01

    Purpose  The aim of this study was to document the point prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in the public primary\\u000a healthcare wards, which treat both acute and long-term care patients. We also assessed the risk factors for HAI and the consumption\\u000a of alcoholic hand rubs and antibiotics.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A cross-sectional study was performed in northern Finland in 2006 including all healthcare centers

  14. Helping Your Foster Child Transition to Your Adopted Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Resources From ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Children's Bureau ...

  15. The school age child with congenital heart disease.

    PubMed

    Boyle, Lynn; Kelly, Michelle M; Reynolds, Kathryn; Conlan, Misty; Taylor, Felisha

    2015-01-01

    Currently, in the United States, there are approximately 1 in 150 adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD) (). Infant and childhood mortality related to CHD decreased by 31% between 1987 and 2005 (). This survival trend is predicted to increase each year due to advancements in treatment and management of CHD. This significant shift in the epidemiology of CHD requires nurses to take action in preparing children with CHD and their families for their teenage years and young adulthood. The school-age child is the ideal age to begin teaching the child about their healthcare needs and how to care for themselves in preparation for the future. The school-age child with CHD has specific physical, intellectual, emotional, and developmental needs that must be considered and managed using a multidisciplinary approach. Pediatric nurses must be aware of these needs as they help the child and their family seamlessly and successfully transition into young adulthood as a happy and healthy CHD survivor. PMID:25330332

  16. An Introduction to Computational Intelligence in Healthcare: New Directions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sordo; S. Vaidya; L. Jain

    Computational intelligence paradigms offer tremendous advantages in many areas including healthcare, engineering, science\\u000a and management. This chapter presents a brief introduction to computational intelligence in healthcare.

  17. Subscribe to This Blog | Healthcare Delivery Research Blog

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Search form Search Search Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Toggle navigation Healthcare Delivery Research Blog Home Blog Purpose and Policies About HDRP Contact Us Subscribe

  18. BOSTON UNIVERSITY DUBLIN PROGRAMS Healthcare Policy and Practice in Ireland

    E-print Network

    Guenther, Frank

    the sector. It examines healthcare finance and the role and influence of the insurance and pharmaceutical industries. It also examines the social, environmental, and behavioural factors that affect healthcare across

  19. Healthcare Facility Location and Capacity Configuration under Stochastic Demand 

    E-print Network

    Han, Xue

    2014-12-18

    configuration under stochastic demand. The second topic investigates two problems: the stochastic, single healthcare facility location and capacity configuration problem (SSHFCP) in a competitive environment and the stochastic, multiple healthcare facility...

  20. Patients and Loved Ones: Information about MRSA in Healthcare Settings

    MedlinePLUS

    ... doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers: Clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub ... doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub ...

  1. 77 FR 47847 - Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Healthcare Research and Quality Subcommittee on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-10

    ...HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Healthcare Research and Quality Subcommittee on Quality...Healthcare AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS. ACTION:...

  2. Finding Mental Healthcare for Children of Immigrants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For all questions please contact the AACAP Communications & Marketing Coordinator, ext. 154. If you need immediate assistance, please dial 911. Copyright © 2014 by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

  3. Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the

    E-print Network

    Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

  4. Kindergarten Child Care Experiences and Child Achievement and Socioemotional Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claessens, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Young children's experiences outside of both home and school are important for their development. As women have entered the labor force, child care has become an increasingly important context for child development. Child care experiences prior to school entry have been well-documented as important influences on children's academic and…

  5. Child Care Subsidy Use and Child Development: Potential Causal Mechanisms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkinson, Laura E.

    2011-01-01

    Research using an experimental design is needed to provide firm causal evidence on the impacts of child care subsidy use on child development, and on underlying causal mechanisms since subsidies can affect child development only indirectly via changes they cause in children's early experiences. However, before costly experimental research is…

  6. 75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...the authority to modify the child support order of another State...exclusive jurisdiction (CEJ) to child support. CEJ requires that...current support order may be in effect at any one time. As long as...the individual parties or the child continues to reside in the...

  7. Privacy and Security in E-Healthcare Information Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Joseph Wen; J. Michael Tarn

    2001-01-01

    The E-healthcare operating environment is defined as a cybernetic medical setting where healthcare or medical information is processed, manipulated, transmitted, or distributed in electronic forms via computer-based systems, networks, or the Internet. E-technology has changed healthcare in the management of how care is delivered and in the transformation of the infrastructure that supports the healthcare delivery system. The traditional paradigm

  8. Diarrheal Illness and Healthcare Seeking Behavior among a Population at High Risk for Diarrhea in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Chowdhury, Fahima; Khan, Iqbal Ansary; Patel, Sweta; Siddiq, Ashraf Uddin; Saha, Nirod Chandra; Khan, Ashraful I.; Saha, Amit; Cravioto, Alejandro; Clemens, John; Qadri, Firdausi; Ali, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Diarrhea remains one of the major causes of death in Bangladesh. We studied diarrheal disease risk and healthcare seeking behavior among populations at high risk for diarrhea in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted during April and September 2010. The prevalence of diarrhea was calculated by age-group and sex. A generalized estimating equation with logit link function was used to predict diarrheal disease risk and seeking care from a professional healthcare provider. Of 316,766 individuals, 10% were young children (<5 years). The prevalence of diarrhea was 16 per 1000 persons among all ages; young children accounted for 44 per 1000 persons. Prevalence of diarrhea was significantly higher (p=.003) among younger males (<15 years) compared to that among younger females. In contrast, prevalence of diarrhea was significantly higher (p<.0001) among older females (?15 years) compared to that among older males. An increased risk for diarrhea was observed in young children, males, and those staying in rented houses, lower family members in the house, using non-sanitary toilets, living in the area for short times, living in a community with less educated persons, living in a community with less use of safe water source for drinking, or living close to the hospital. About 80% of those with diarrhea sought care initially from a non-professional healthcare provider. Choice of the professional healthcare provider was driven by age of the patient, educational status of the household head, and hygienic practices by the household. The study reaffirms that young children are at greater risk for diarrhea. Like other developing countries most people in this impoverished setting of Dhaka are less likely to seek care from a professional healthcare provider than from a non-professional healthcare provider, which could be attributed to a higher number of diarrheal deaths among young children in Bangladesh. Dissemination of information on health education, increasing the supply of skilled healthcare providers, and low-cost and quality healthcare services may encourage more people to seek care from professional healthcare providers, thus may help reduce child mortality in the country. Further studies are warranted to validate the results. PMID:26121650

  9. Diarrheal Illness and Healthcare Seeking Behavior among a Population at High Risk for Diarrhea in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Chowdhury, Fahima; Khan, Iqbal Ansary; Patel, Sweta; Siddiq, Ashraf Uddin; Saha, Nirod Chandra; Khan, Ashraful I; Saha, Amit; Cravioto, Alejandro; Clemens, John; Qadri, Firdausi; Ali, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Diarrhea remains one of the major causes of death in Bangladesh. We studied diarrheal disease risk and healthcare seeking behavior among populations at high risk for diarrhea in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted during April and September 2010. The prevalence of diarrhea was calculated by age-group and sex. A generalized estimating equation with logit link function was used to predict diarrheal disease risk and seeking care from a professional healthcare provider. Of 316,766 individuals, 10% were young children (<5 years). The prevalence of diarrhea was 16 per 1000 persons among all ages; young children accounted for 44 per 1000 persons. Prevalence of diarrhea was significantly higher (p=.003) among younger males (<15 years) compared to that among younger females. In contrast, prevalence of diarrhea was significantly higher (p<.0001) among older females (?15 years) compared to that among older males. An increased risk for diarrhea was observed in young children, males, and those staying in rented houses, lower family members in the house, using non-sanitary toilets, living in the area for short times, living in a community with less educated persons, living in a community with less use of safe water source for drinking, or living close to the hospital. About 80% of those with diarrhea sought care initially from a non-professional healthcare provider. Choice of the professional healthcare provider was driven by age of the patient, educational status of the household head, and hygienic practices by the household. The study reaffirms that young children are at greater risk for diarrhea. Like other developing countries most people in this impoverished setting of Dhaka are less likely to seek care from a professional healthcare provider than from a non-professional healthcare provider, which could be attributed to a higher number of diarrheal deaths among young children in Bangladesh. Dissemination of information on health education, increasing the supply of skilled healthcare providers, and low-cost and quality healthcare services may encourage more people to seek care from professional healthcare providers, thus may help reduce child mortality in the country. Further studies are warranted to validate the results. PMID:26121650

  10. Choosing a Child Care Center

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Choosing a Child Care Center Article Body Center-based care takes place ... following questions may help you in choosing a child care center: Hours. What are the hours? What if ...

  11. Child Care for Older Kids

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Child Care for Older Kids Article Body During middle childhood, ... are and what they are doing. When evaluating child care options, determine whether other family members can handle ...

  12. Does Your Child Have Glaucoma?

    MedlinePLUS

    Does Your Child Have Glaucoma? email Send this article to a friend by filling out the fields below: Your name: Your ... of these signs or symptoms in your own child, check with a pediatric ophthalmologist. Signs and Symptoms ...

  13. Enteral nutrition - child - managing problems

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or bloating that does not go away Excessive crying, and your child is hard to console Nausea or vomits frequently Weight loss Constipation Skin irritation If your child has trouble breathing, call ...

  14. Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect

    MedlinePLUS

    ... conducting cost analyses. Features the Evaluation Toolkit and Logic Model Builder. Selected Preventing Child Abuse & Neglect Resources ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Children's Bureau ...

  15. Sex bias in child therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edda I. Schweid

    1980-01-01

    Suggests child therapy as an additional area for studying sexual bias in actual therapeutic practice, in response to recommendations by P. A. Maffeo . Data on 477 children seen in therapy support the need for child studies.

  16. Managed Behavioral Healthcare in the Public Sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colette Croze

    2000-01-01

    For over 10 years states and counties have been adding commercially developed managed care products to community-based systems of care. These programs have dramatically altered the landscape in many public systems across the country. Results have varied from modest success to major failure with some managed behavioral healthcare organizations no longer viewing public contracts as desirable commodities. This article examines

  17. WAP-based personalized healthcare systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. G. Koutkias; S. L. Meletiadis; N. Maglaveras

    2001-01-01

    In this paper a prototype system for personalized healthcare delivery is presented. The system involves monitoring and education services, designed specifically for people suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Adaptation to every patient’s special requirements was kept in mind, in order to achieve personalization of the service provided. The technological platform adopted for implementing the service is the

  18. Special Issue: CSCW and Dependable Healthcare Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob Procter; Mark Rouncefield; Ellen Balka; Marc Berg

    2006-01-01

    The starting point for this special issue on CSCW and Dependable Healthcare systems is the recognition of ‘dependability as an essential and under-researched, CSCW problem. Self-evidently, societys dependence on computer-based systems continues to increase, while the systems themselves – embracing humans, computers and engineered systems – become ever more complex. These trends coincide with pressure for systems to be brought

  19. Track D: Healthcare and sustainable living

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Remi Bastide; Matthew Smith

    2012-01-01

    eHealth, Telemedicine, and Bio-System Research Systems all describe approaches to improving the capacity of healthcare systems through fundamental and applied research, technology, and services. Researchers and companies are, for example, exploring the use of sensor devices, human-system interfaces, and medical record systems in order to provide radically new solutions for helping patients.

  20. For an Ethnomethodology of healthcare ethics.

    PubMed

    Emmerich, Nathan

    2013-12-01

    This paper considers the utility of Ethnomethodology (EM) for the study of healthcare ethics as part of the empirical turn in Bioethics. I give a brief introduction to EM through its respecification of sociology, the specific view on the social world this generates and EM's posture of 'indifference'. I then take a number of EM concepts and articulate each in the context of an EM study of healthcare ethics in professional practice. Having given an overview of the relationship and perspective EM might bring to the professional practice of healthcare ethics I consider whether and how such an approach could be deployed. Whilst an ethnographic study might be problematic I suggest a number of alternative methods through which such EM research could be accomplished. I conclude with the suggestion that, as a particular approach to sociological research, EM offers good deal of potential for the empirical study of healthcare ethics in practice which could result in an improved reflexive understanding of professional ethical practices in bioethics. PMID:22367525

  1. A conceptual model for healthcare facility design.

    PubMed

    Stichler, Jaynelle F

    2014-06-01

    A conceptual model for healthcare facility design provides nurse leaders a framework for measuring the effect of specific or more global design features on patient, provider, and organizational outcomes. The model can help to explain relationships among variables of interest in facility design and be used to guide research studies or measures of change or improvement. PMID:24853794

  2. Ethics of mandatory vaccination for healthcare workers.

    PubMed

    Galanakis, E; Jansen, A; Lopalco, P L; Giesecke, J

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of contracting infections at work and further transmitting them to colleagues and patients. Immune HCWs would be protected themselves and act as a barrier against the spread of infections and maintain healthcare delivery during outbreaks, but vaccine uptake rates in HCWs have often been low. In order to achieve adequate immunisation rates in HCWs, mandatory vaccination policies are occasionally implemented by healthcare authorities, but such policies have raised considerable controversy. Here we review the background of this debate, analyse arguments for and against mandatory vaccination policies, and consider the principles and virtues of clinical, professional, institutional and public health ethics. We conclude that there is a moral imperative for HCWs to be immune and for healthcare institutions to ensure HCW vaccination, in particular for those working in settings with high-risk groups of patients. If voluntary uptake of vaccination by HCWs is not optimal, patients’ welfare, public health and also the HCW’s own health interests should outweigh concerns about individual autonomy: fair mandatory vaccination policies for HCWs might be acceptable. Differences in diseases, patient and HCW groups at risk and available vaccines should be taken into consideration when adopting the optimal policy. PMID:24229791

  3. Character, Leadership, and the Healthcare Professions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The presentation by Elizabeth Holmes, PhD, summarized the integration of character and leadership development in the education of healthcare professionals. Citing the mission, vision, values, graduate attributes, and various examples of current programs and initiatives from both the United States Naval Academy and the University of Botswana, the…

  4. Healthcare reform: unprecedented opportunity, unparalleled risk.

    PubMed

    Beglinger, Joan Ellis

    2013-12-01

    This department column is devoted to posing insights about transitions through, to and from, administrative roles in nursing. The unprecedented challenges posed by healthcare reform present new and complex challenges for nurse executives. The author discusses transitions in thinking and approach that will be needed to respond to the challenges and keep the focus on nursing practice excellence and patient outcomes. PMID:24232233

  5. Addressing language barriers to healthcare in India.

    PubMed

    Narayan, Lalit

    2013-01-01

    In spite of a growing recognition of the importance of doctor-patient communication, the issue of language barriers to healthcare has received very little attention in India. The Indian population speaks over 22 major languages with English used as the lingua franca for biomedicine. Large-scale internal migration has meant that health workers are encountering increasing instances of language discordance within clinical settings. Research done predominantly in the West has shown language discordance to significantly affect access to care, cause problems of comprehension and adherence, and decrease the satisfaction and quality of care. Addressing language barriers to healthcare in India requires a stronger political commitment to providing non-discriminatory health services, especially to vulnerable groups such as illiterate migrant workers. Research will have to address three broad areas: the ways in which language barriers affect health and healthcare, the efficacy of interventions to overcome language barriers, and the costs of language barriers and efforts to overcome them. There is a need to address such barriers in health worker education and clinical practice. Proven strategies such as hiring multilingual healthcare workers, providing language training to health providers, employing in situ translators or using telephone interpretation services will have to be evaluated for their appropriateness to the Indian context. Internet-based initiatives, the proliferation of mobile phones and recent advances in machine translation promise to contribute to the solution. PMID:24758452

  6. Healthcare Web sites brace for information demand.

    PubMed

    Rees, T

    1999-01-01

    Millions of Americans are turning to the Internet to find and share health information. This phenomenon became a major topic of conversation at the recent fourth annual conference of the Society for Healthcare Strategy and Market Development in Denver. Three leading providers are profiled. PMID:10747597

  7. Unsupervised DRG Upcoding Detection in Healthcare Databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Luo; Marcus Gallagher

    2010-01-01

    Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) upcoding is an anomaly in healthcare data that costs hundreds of millions of dollars in many developed countries. DRG upcoding is typically detected through resource intensive auditing. As supervised modeling of DRG upcoding is severely constrained by scope and timeliness of past audit data, we propose in this paper an unsupervised algorithm to filter data for

  8. Zero tolerance of violence against healthcare staff.

    PubMed

    Beech, B

    A government campaign aimed at stopping violence against healthcare staff is a start in dealing with the problem of aggression in the workplace. Staff attitudes will also need to be addressed, particularly in those areas where violence has become an accepted part of the job, if zero tolerance is to be achieved. PMID:12211833

  9. Lean in healthcare: the unfilled promise?

    PubMed

    Radnor, Zoe J; Holweg, Matthias; Waring, Justin

    2012-02-01

    In an effort to improve operational efficiency, healthcare services around the world have adopted process improvement methodologies from the manufacturing sector, such as Lean Production. In this paper we report on four multi-level case studies of the implementation of Lean in the English NHS. Our results show that this generally involves the application of specific Lean 'tools', such as 'kaizen blitz' and 'rapid improvement events', which tend to produce small-scale and localised productivity gains. Although this suggests that Lean might not currently deliver the efficiency improvements desired in policy, the evolution of Lean in the manufacturing sector also reveals this initial focus on the 'tool level'. In moving to a more system-wide approach, however, we identify significant contextual differences between healthcare and manufacturing that result in two critical breaches of the assumptions behind Lean. First, the customer and commissioner in the private sector are the one and the same, which is essential in determining 'customer value' that drives process improvement activities. Second, healthcare is predominantly designed to be capacity-led, and hence there is limited ability to influence demand or make full use of freed-up resources. What is different about this research is that these breaches can be regarded as not being primarily 'professional' in origin but actually more 'organisational' and 'managerial' and, if not addressed could severely constrain Lean's impact on healthcare productivity at the systems level. PMID:21414703

  10. Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

    2005-01-01

    This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized…

  11. The myths of benchmarking healthcare IT spending.

    PubMed

    Glaser, John

    2006-10-01

    Healthcare organizations should make those IT investments that they believe can be managed to achieve an acceptable return. They should make investment decisions based on the merits of the IT proposal, not because they have to catch up to another industry, such as banking. PMID:17040031

  12. A low-cost community healthcare kiosk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guiqin Sun; Shenyi Tao; Yongqiang Lu; Yu Chen; Yuanchun Shi; Ni Rong; Rui Wang; Xiaojuan Lu

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a low-cost, compact and extendable healthcare kiosk which is available for applications based on community. This system mainly resolves the problem of biodata gathering and preprocessing at public place. It’s an extension of hospital function, and acts as a supplementary approach of daily physical examination for the public. By measuring ECG, blood oxygen saturation, weight, temperature and

  13. Social Considerations in Ambient Healthcare Awareness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Rose; Ben Resner; Joseph' Jofish' Kaye; Ambient Devices

    Sharing health information with a social network is increasingly recognized as an important motivator in home healthcare. A look at the history of behavioral medicine - smoking cessation, treatment of alcoholism, and weight loss- show the success of social interaction and the formation of a community with shared treatment goals. Weight Watchers, Alcoholics Anonymous, and support groups for all kinds

  14. Language Generation for Multimedia Healthcare Briefings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Mckeown; Desmond A. Jordan; Shimei Pan; James Shaw; Barry A. Allen

    1997-01-01

    This paper identifies issues for language generation that arose in developing a multimedia interface to healthcare data that includes coordinated speech, text and graphics. In order to produce brief speech for time-pressured caregivers, the system both combines related informa- tion into a single sentence and uses ab- breviated references in speech when an unambiguous textual reference is also used. Finally,

  15. Measles in health-care settings.

    PubMed

    Maltezou, Helena C; Wicker, Sabine

    2013-07-01

    Despite the availability of an effective and safe vaccine for almost half a century, measles is re-emerging in several developed countries because of the insufficient vaccination coverage among specific subpopulations, the emerging anti-vaccination movement, and the increasing movement of humans across borders. In this context, health-care settings play a critical role in the transmission of infection and generation of numerous cases. Health-care-associated outbreaks may be associated with severe morbidity and mortality among specific groups of patients, disruption of health-care services, and considerable costs. Misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis of a measles case and inadequate implementation of infection control measures are common in almost all events of nosocomial spread. Measles vaccination of health-care workers is an effective means of prevention of nosocomial measles outbreaks. Eliminating measles by 2010 has not been accomplished. Stronger recommendations and higher vaccination coverage against measles in health-care workers could contribute to eliminate measles in the general population. PMID:23352075

  16. SECURITY CHALLENGES IN A MOBILE HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENT

    E-print Network

    Pitsillides, Andreas

    among the medical staff and thus the quality of the provided services. Although the development the ability to doctors and medical staff to deliver high-quality services to a patient located away from security challenges, Healthcare security challenges Abstract: Mobile workers in the medical field have

  17. Analysis on energy efficiency in healthcare buildings.

    PubMed

    García-Sanz-Calcedo, Justo

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze and quantify the average healthcare centres' energy behavior and estimate the possibilities of savings through the use of concrete measures to reduce their energy demand in Extremadura, Spain. It provides the average energy consumption of 55 healthcare centres sized between 500 and 3,500 m². The analysis evaluated data of electricity and fossil fuel energy consumption as well as water use and other energy-consuming devices. The energy solutions proposed to improve the efficiency are quantified and listed. The average annual energy consumption of a healthcare centre is 86.01 kWh/m², with a standard deviation of 16.8 kWh/m². The results show that an annual savings of €4.77/m² is possible. The potential to reduce the energy consumption of a healthcare centre of size 1,000 m² is 10,801 kWh by making an average investment of €11,601, thus saving €2,961/year with an average payback of 3.92 years. PMID:25193373

  18. Making existing technology safer in healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard C Newton; Oliver T Mytton; Rajesh Aggarwal; William B Runciman; Michael Free; Bjorn Fahlgren; Masanori Akiyama; Barbara Farlow; Sara Yaron; Gerad Locke; Stuart Whittaker

    2010-01-01

    BackgroundTechnology, equipment and medical devices are vital for effective healthcare throughout the world but are associated with risks. These risks include device failure, inappropriate use, insufficient user-training and inadequate inspection and maintenance. Further risks within the developing world include challenging conditions of temperature and humidity, poor infrastructure, poorly trained service providers, limited resources and supervision, and inappropriately complex equipment being

  19. Middleware for Pervasive Healthcare A White Paper

    E-print Network

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    developing an electronic patient record solution, and CfPC. The aim of the paper is to present and discussMiddleware for Pervasive Healthcare A White Paper Jakob E. Bardram Center for Pervasive Computing Computing University of Aarhus 8200 Ã?rhus N Denmark hbc@daimi.au.dk ABSTRACT This white paper describes work

  20. Healthcare Learning Community and Student Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Sherryl W.

    2014-01-01

    Teaching, learning, and retention processes have evolved historically to include multifaceted techniques beyond the traditional lecture. This article presents related results of a study using a healthcare learning community in a southwest Georgia university. The value of novel techniques and tools in promoting student learning and retention…

  1. Regulating Exceptions in Healthcare using Policy Spaces

    E-print Network

    Samarati, Pierangela

    Regulating Exceptions in Healthcare using Policy Spaces C.A. Ardagna1 S. De Capitani di Vimercati1 on the definition of different policy spaces regulating access to patient data and used to balance the rigorous and Accountability Act (HIPAA) [15] in the United States. In this paper, we address the need for developing

  2. GE Healthcare Applications that meet your needs

    E-print Network

    Lebendiker, Mario

    GE Healthcare Applications that meet your needs Protein purification #12;2 Contents Histidine-tagged protein purification 3 Two-step purification of a high molecular weight histidine-tagged protein 4 Scaling up a histidine-tagged protein purification procedure 5 Products for histidine-tagged protein

  3. The importance of measuring unmet healthcare needs.

    PubMed

    Gauld, Robin; Raymont, Antony; Bagshaw, Philip F; Nicholls, M Gary; Frampton, Christopher M

    2014-01-01

    Major restructuring of the health sector has been undertaken in many countries, including New Zealand and England, yet objective assessment of the outcomes has rarely been recorded. In the absence of comprehensive objective data, the success or otherwise of health reforms has been inferred from narrowly-focussed data or anecdotal accounts. A recent example relates to a buoyant King's Fund report on the quest for integrated health and social care in Canterbury, New Zealand which prompted an equally supportive editorial article in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) suggesting it may contain lessons for England's National Health Service. At the same time, a report published in the New Zealand Medical Journal expressed concerns at the level of unmet healthcare needs in Canterbury. Neither report provided objective information about changes over time in the level of unmet healthcare needs in Canterbury. We propose that the performance of healthcare systems should be measured regularly, objectively and comprehensively through documentation of unmet healthcare needs as perceived by representative segments of the population at formal interview. Thereby the success or otherwise of organisational changes to a health system and its adequacy as demographics of the population evolve, even in the absence of major restructuring of the health sector, can be better documented. PMID:25331313

  4. Information Security Management within Australian Healthcare Organisations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. J. Brooks; M. J. Warren

    Information security is now recognised as critical factor within the healthcare industry, with the gradual move from paper-based to electronic information there is an even greater need for protection. However, financial and operational constraints often exist which influence the practicality of developing a secure system. A new baseline security standard has been drafted which applies specifically to the unique information

  5. Maternal-child health in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Beckmann, C A

    1987-01-01

    An overview of the social and economic climates and the healthcare delivery systems of Brazil is presented. The Brazilian healthcare system is discussed, with particular attention directed to the status of nursing and to the perinatal health-care delivery system. Examples of Brazilian perinatal health-care practices are provided. PMID:3650322

  6. Engineering a Policy-Based System for Federated Healthcare Databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafae Bhatti; Arjmand Samuel; Mohamed Y. Eltabakh; Haseeb Amjad; Arif Ghafoor

    2007-01-01

    Policy-based management for federated healthcare systems has recently gained increasing attention due to strict privacy and disclosure rules. Although the work on privacy languages and enforcement mechanisms, such as Hippocratic databases, has advanced our understanding of designing privacy-preserving policies for healthcare databases, the need to integrate these policies in a practical healthcare framework is becoming acute. Additionally, although most work

  7. The effect of healthcare environments on a pandemic influenza outbreak

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel C. Cannon; Victoria J. Davey; Glass Robert John Jr

    2010-01-01

    The objectives of this presentation are: (1) To determine if healthcare settings serve as intensive transmission environments for influenza epidemics, increasing effects on communities; (2) To determine which mitigation strategies are best for use in healthcare settings and in communities to limit influenza epidemic effects; and (3) To determine which mitigation strategies are best to prevent illness in healthcare workers.

  8. The effect of healthcare environments on a pandemic influenza outbreak.

    SciTech Connect

    Cannon, Daniel C.; Davey, Victoria J. (Department of Veterans Affairs); Glass, Robert John, Jr.

    2010-12-01

    The objectives of this presentation are: (1) To determine if healthcare settings serve as intensive transmission environments for influenza epidemics, increasing effects on communities; (2) To determine which mitigation strategies are best for use in healthcare settings and in communities to limit influenza epidemic effects; and (3) To determine which mitigation strategies are best to prevent illness in healthcare workers.

  9. A practical mobile computing solution for healthcare institutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Dwivedi; R. K. Bali; A. E. James; R. N. G. Naguib; D. Johnston

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we look at information technology (IT) trends in the healthcare sector. We analyse recent changes in IT implementations in the healthcare sector to identify critical factors and technologies that are likely to be an integral part of healthcare institutions (HIs) in the new millennium. We contend that the recent advances in Biomedical Knowledge coupled with the Genetic

  10. Transforming Community-based Healthcare with Kurtis Heimerl

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    Health Workers Healthcare is a fundamental challenge for rural popula- tions in low-income countriesTransforming Community-based Healthcare with CommScape Kuang Chen Kurtis Heimerl Tapan Parikh Community-based Healthcare with CommScape Kuang Chen kuangc@eecs.berkeley.edu Kurtis Heimerl kheimerl

  11. Security Models and Requirements for Healthcare Application Clouds

    E-print Network

    Liu, Ling

    it helps cutting down the costs drastically. A fundamental step for the success of tapping healthcareSecurity Models and Requirements for Healthcare Application Clouds Rui Zhang 1,2 and Ling Liu 1 1 environment has attracted a lot of attention in both healthcare industry and academic community. Cloud

  12. Towards Improved Privacy Policy Coverage in Healthcare Using Policy Refinement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafae Bhatti; Tyrone Grandison

    2007-01-01

    It is now mandatory for healthcare organizations to specify and publish their privacy policies. This has made privacy management initiatives in the healthcare sector increasingly important. However, sev- eral recent reports in the public media and the research community about healthcare privacy (1,2) indicate that the use of privacy policies is not necessarily a strong indication of adequate privacy protection

  13. Policy for cryptography in healthcare — a view from the NHS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alistair Donaldson

    2000-01-01

    Effective security arrangements, which both protect and assure those information assets of healthcare providers, doctors and patients, are fundamental requirements in a modern electronic healthcare culture. At the heart of healthcare information systems in future will be those infrastructure components and services, which underpin the principles of confidentiality, integrity and availability. Before embarking upon any major implementation of cryptographic support

  14. Examining quality and efficiency of the US healthcare system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sameer Kumar; Neha S. Ghildayal; Ronak N. Shah

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The fundamental concern of this research study is to learn the quality and efficiency of US healthcare services. It seeks to examine the impact of quality and efficiency on various stakeholders to achieve the best value for each dollar spent for healthcare. The study aims to offer insights on quality reformation efforts, contemporary healthcare policy and a forthcoming

  15. Canadas healthcare sustainability: a holistic perspective on emerging challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vikraman Baskaran; B. Shah; A. J. Tiessen

    2009-01-01

    Continued debate on privatization initiatives within the Canadian healthcare system has brought much-needed attention to sustainability issues and the emerging challenges faced by this domain. Predicaments that deal exclusively with public or private health service challenges should not derail healthcare sustainability efforts. Applying an appropriate framework is fundamental for ensuring the success of healthcare sustainability initiatives. Such a framework would

  16. Patient-centric authorization framework for electronic healthcare services5

    E-print Network

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    anomaly analysis a b s t r a c t In modern healthcare environments, a fundamental requirementPatient-centric authorization framework for electronic healthcare services5 Jing Jin a , Gail, healthcare has evolved to a point where patients can have many different providers e including primary care

  17. Patient Outcomes with Teaching Versus Nonteaching Healthcare: A Systematic Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panagiotis N. Papanikolaou; Georgia D. Christidi; John P. A. Ioannidis

    2006-01-01

    Background Extensive debate exists in the healthcare community over whether outcomes of medical care at teaching hospitals and other healthcare units are better or worse than those at the respective nonteaching ones. Thus, our goal was to systematically evaluate the evidence pertaining to this question. Methods and Findings We reviewed all studies that compared teaching versus nonteaching healthcare structures for

  18. An Analysis of Knowledge Management Mechanisms in Healthcare Portals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Chei Sian; Goh, Dion Hoe-Lian; Chua, Alton Y. K.

    2010-01-01

    Healthcare portals are becoming increasingly popular with Internet users since they play an important role in supporting interaction between individuals and healthcare organizations with a Web presence. Additionally, many of these organizations make use of knowledge management mechanisms on their healthcare portals to manage the abundance of…

  19. PROTOTYPING OF INFORMATION NETWORKING FOR STRATEGIC HEALTHCARE ALLIANCE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsueh-Foo Lin

    The phenomeno n of sparse clinical visiting in local clinics and heavy loading among large-scaled hospitals in Taiwan causes the big lump of waste in healthcare resources for so long. Imbalance of healthcare service between cities and suburban is also more severe recent ly. Taiwanese patients are confronting long waiting time and high healthcare expense daily. Patient transferring system is

  20. An approach for developing comparative security metrics for healthcare organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Said Jafari; Fredrick Mtenzi; Ronan Fitzpatrick; Brendan O'Shea

    2009-01-01

    Information sharing among different healthcare organizations is critical for efficient and cost effective healthcare service delivery. Isolated information systems need to be interconnected to ensure information exchange. Interconnectivity increases exposure to risk of damage, loss and fraud. Security and privacy of patients' information are concerns of all healthcare organizations. These concerns hinder the willingness to share data across different organizations.

  1. Monitoring patients via a secure and mobile healthcare system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yonglin Ren; R. W. N. Pazzi; A. Boukerche

    2010-01-01

    Patient monitoring provides flexible and powerful patient surveillance through wearable devices at any time and anywhere. The increasing feasibility and convenience of mobile healthcare has already introduced several significant challenges for healthcare providers, policy makers, hospitals, and patients. A major challenge is to provide round-the-clock healthcare services to those patients who require it via wearable wireless medical devices. Furthermore, many

  2. A Quantitative Model of Grid Systems Performance in Healthcare Organisations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saleh Altowaijri; Rashid Mehmood; John Williams

    2010-01-01

    Future healthcare systems and organisations demand huge computational resources, and the ability for the applications to interact and communicate with each other within and across organisational boundaries. Examples of healthcare applications include medical imaging and processing, electronic health records, epidemiology and other higher-level analysis of healthcare data. Grid Computing has the potential to provide solutions to many of the challenges

  3. A Review of Healthcare, Public Health, and Syndromic Surveillance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwok-Leung Tsui; Wenchi Chiu; Peter Gierlich; David Goldsman; Xuyuan Liu; Thomas Maschek

    2008-01-01

    Due to the ongoing desire for healthcare performance improvement, the latest outbreaks of the avian influenza, and the continuing bioterrorism threat, there is an urgent need for research in healthcare and disease surveillance. In this article we present an overview and review of the general issues involved in healthcare, public health, and syndromic surveillance. In particular, we review existing data

  4. Evaluation of Healthcare IT Applications: The User Acceptance Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai Zheng; Rema Padman; Michael P. Johnson; Herbert S. Diamond

    2007-01-01

    As healthcare costs continue to spiral upward, healthcare institutions are under enormous pressure to create cost efficient systems without risking quality of care. Healthcare IT applications provide considerable promises for achieving this multifaceted goal through managing inofrmation, reducing costs, and facilitating total quality management and continuous quality improvement programs. However, the desired outcome can not be achieved if these applications

  5. Child Labor in Texas Agriculture 

    E-print Network

    Smith, David

    2005-04-28

    working in agriculture may be hired employees, labor contractor employees or farm family members. Child labor laws exist to ensure that a child is not employed in an occupation or manner that can harm him or her. However, these laws do not cover... workers under age 16. David W. Smith, Extension Safety Program The Texas A&M University System Some child labor restrictions are specifically for the employment of minors in agriculture: ? The Federal Fair Labor Standards Act provisions for child labor...

  6. Prevention of Child Physical Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher S. Greeley

    \\u000a In the US over 900,000 children are victims of child maltreatment each year, resulting in physical and non-physical injuries,\\u000a which can be both acute and long lasting. In over 80% of these cases, the perpetrator is one or both of the child’s parents.\\u000a Theories on the etiology of child abuse have evolved significantly over the past three decades. The causes

  7. Reforms in Pakistan: Decisive Times for Improving Maternal and Child Health

    PubMed Central

    Mazhar, Arslan; Shaikh, Babar Tasneem

    2012-01-01

    Pakistan is a struggling economy with poor maternal and child health indicators that have affected attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (under-five child and maternal mortality). Recent health reforms have abolished the federal Ministry of Health and devolved administrative and financial powers to the provinces. Ideally, devolution tends to simplify a healthcare system's management structure and ensure more efficient delivery of health services to underserved populations, in this case women and children. In this time of transition, it is appropriate to outline prerequisites for the efficient management of maternal and child health (MCH) services. This paper examines the six building blocks of health systems in order to improve the utilization of MCH services in rural Pakistan. The targeted outcomes of recent reforms are devolved participatory decision-making regarding distribution of MCH-related services, improved deployment of the healthcare workforce, prioritization of pro-poor strategies for health financing and integration of various health information systems. Given this window of opportunity, the provinces need to guarantee fairness and equity through their stewardship of the healthcare system so as to protect vulnerable mothers and their children, especially in rural, remote and disadvantaged areas of Pakistan. PMID:23968601

  8. Healthcare Information Technology Infrastructures in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Yuksel, M.; Ertürkmen, G. L.; Kabak, Y.; Namli, T.; Y?ld?z, M. H.; Ay, Y.; Ceyhan, B.; Hülür, Ü.; Öztürk, H.; Atbakan, E.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe some of the major healthcare information technology (IT) infrastructures in Turkey, namely, Sa?l?k-Net (Turkish for “Health-Net”), the Centralized Hospital Appointment System, the Basic Health Statistics Module, the Core Resources Management System, and the e-prescription system of the Social Security Institution. International collaboration projects that are integrated with Sa?l?k-Net are also briefly summarized. Methods The authors provide a survey of the some of the major healthcare IT infrastructures in Turkey. Results Sa?l?k-Net has two main components: the National Health Information System (NHIS) and the Family Medicine Information System (FMIS). The NHIS is a nation-wide infrastructure for sharing patients’ Electronic Health Records (EHRs). So far, EHRs of 78.9 million people have been created in the NHIS. Similarly, family medicine is operational in the whole country via FMIS. Centralized Hospital Appointment System enables the citizens to easily make appointments in healthcare providers. Basic Health Statistics Module is used for collecting information about the health status, risks and indicators across the country. Core Resources Management System speeds up the flow of information between the headquarters and Provincial Health Directorates. The e-prescription system is linked with Sa?l?k-Net and seamlessly integrated with the healthcare provider information systems. Finally, Turkey is involved in several international projects for experience sharing and disseminating national developments. Conclusion With the introduction of the “Health Transformation Program” in 2003, a number of successful healthcare IT infrastructures have been developed in Turkey. Currently, work is going on to enhance and further improve their functionality. PMID:24853036

  9. Biomaterials and bioengineering tomorrow’s healthcare

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Sumrita; Kumar, Ashok

    2013-01-01

    Biomaterials are being used for the healthcare applications from ancient times. But subsequent evolution has made them more versatile and has increased their utility. Biomaterials have revolutionized the areas like bioengineering and tissue engineering for the development of novel strategies to combat life threatening diseases. Together with biomaterials, stem cell technology is also being used to improve the existing healthcare facilities. These concepts and technologies are being used for the treatment of different diseases like cardiac failure, fractures, deep skin injuries, etc. Introduction of nanomaterials on the other hand is becoming a big hope for a better and an affordable healthcare. Technological advancements are underway for the development of continuous monitoring and regulating glucose levels by the implantation of sensor chips. Lab-on-a-chip technology is expected to modernize the diagnostics and make it more easy and regulated. Other area which can improve the tomorrow’s healthcare is drug delivery. Micro-needles have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional needles and are being studied for the delivery of drugs at different location in human body. There is a huge advancement in the area of scaffold fabrication which has improved the potentiality of tissue engineering. Most emerging scaffolds for tissue engineering are hydrogels and cryogels. Dynamic hydrogels have huge application in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Furthermore, cryogels being supermacroporous allow the attachment and proliferation of most of the mammalian cell types and have shown application in tissue engineering and bioseparation. With further developments we expect these technologies to hit the market in near future which can immensely improve the healthcare facilities. PMID:23628868

  10. Child Care and the Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karolak, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Unemployment has topped 7% nationally and economists predict it will approach 10% by 2010. Child care programs experience a trickle-down effect: when businesses cut back hours or lay people off, parents cut back child care hours or pull children from programs. "We're seeing more and more families lose their child care assistance and have nowhere…

  11. Women, Work and Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Elizabeth

    This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

  12. Whats Inside: Child Labor Laws

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Whats Inside: · Child Labor Laws · Computer Training Update · Annual Performance Review · Meet the age of eighteen (18). The Oklahoma Department of Labor has specific child labor laws that apply. Below) 744-5373. CHILD LABOR LAWS ANNUAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW Policy and Procedures 3-0741, Performance

  13. Whats Inside: Child Labor Laws

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Whats Inside: Child Labor Laws Annual Performance Review BDS Reminders All International Part- Time are under the age of eighteen (18). The Oklahoma Department of Labor has specific child labor laws work up to eight hours a day, 40 hours in any one week, and only between the hours of CHILD LABOR LAWS

  14. CHILD'S FULL NAME_____________________________________________________ MEDICAL RELEASE

    E-print Network

    Quigg, Chris

    CHILD'S FULL NAME_____________________________________________________ MEDICAL RELEASE In the event that my child becomes ill or sustains an injury while in the care of the Children's Center, I give my think the existing emergency requires for the relief of pain and to preserve my child's life and health

  15. The Economics of Child Labor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaushik Basu; Pham Hoang Van

    1998-01-01

    If child labor as a mass phenomenon occurs not because of parental selfishness but because of the parents' concern for the household's survival, the popular argument for banning child labor loses much of its force. However, this assumption about parental decision making, coupled with the assumption of substitutability in production between child and adult labor, could result in multiple equilibria

  16. Alabama's Child Nutrition Certification Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Administration and Finance.

    This handbook presents the plan for the Alabama computerized certification program for school food service employees. The first section contains the following information and materials pertaining to the child nutrition certification program: rationale; position titles (Child Nutrition Program Director or Supervisor, Child Nutrition Program…

  17. A Preventative Child Abuse Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiernan, Bette Unger; And Others

    This article describes the Child Development and Parenting Program (CDP), a preventative child abuse program that assists single women who are pregnant or have preschool children to cope constructively with the problems of single parenting. The short-term goals of the program, i.e., providing education in child development and parenting skills and…

  18. Campus Child Care News, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Marion F., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document is comprised of the three 1998 issues of a newsletter disseminating information on the National Coalition for Campus Child Care Centers (NCCCC) and providing a forum for news, research, and information concerning campus child care centers. The February issue contains stories on the White House Conference on Child Care, registration…

  19. Child Care Health Connections, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guralnick, Eva, Ed.; Zamani, Rahman, Ed.; Evinger, Sara, Ed.; Dailey, Lyn, Ed.; Sherman, Marsha, Ed.; Oku, Cheryl, Ed.; Kunitz, Judith, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document is comprised of the six 2002 issues of a bimonthly newsletter on children's health for California's child care professionals. The newsletter provides information on current and emerging health and safety issues relevant to child care providers and links the health, safety, and child care communities. Regular features include columns…

  20. How do healthcare consumers process and evaluate comparative healthcare information? A qualitative study using cognitive interviews

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background To date, online public healthcare reports have not been effectively used by consumers. Therefore, we qualitatively examined how healthcare consumers process and evaluate comparative healthcare information on the Internet. Methods Using semi-structured cognitive interviews, interviewees (n = 20) were asked to think aloud and answer questions, as they were prompted with three Dutch web pages providing comparative healthcare information. Results We identified twelve themes from consumers' thoughts and evaluations. These themes were categorized under four important areas of interest: (1) a response to the design; (2) a response to the information content; (3) the use of the information, and (4) the purpose of the information. Conclusion Several barriers to an effective use of comparative healthcare information were identified, such as too much information and the ambiguity of terms presented on websites. Particularly important for future research is the question of how comparative healthcare information can be integrated with alternative information, such as patient reviews on the Internet. Furthermore, the readability of quality of care concepts is an issue that needs further attention, both from websites and communication experts. PMID:19930564

  1. Helping Your Overweight Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... child be more active? Fun Physical Activity Ideas Activities that kids choose to do on their own are often ... Kidnetic provides tips on healthy eating and physical activity for kids and parents. http://www.kidnetic.com KidsHealth offers ...

  2. Preventing Child Abuse

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... health news that matters to you. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Child Abuse Children's Health About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Contact Us Get ... Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page ...

  3. The Child Whisperer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Dane L.

    2012-01-01

    Unquestionably, Maria Montessori's insights into child development were both innate and learned, derived from her many years of working with children. Her work, practices, philosophy, and passion have staying power that, so far, spans a century and are a testament to her dedication and abilities. In this article, the author explains why he sees…

  4. Child Psychopathology, Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mash, Eric J.; Barkley, Russell A.

    This text integrates state-of-the-art theory and empirical research on a wide range of child and adolescent disorders. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and clinicians, the volume provides comprehensive coverage of the biological, psychological, and social-contextual determinants of childhood problems. Each chapter focuses on a…

  5. Measuring Child Rhythm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Elinor; Post, Brechtje; Astruc, Lluisa; Prieto, Pilar; Vanrell, Maria del Mar

    2012-01-01

    Interval-based rhythm metrics were applied to the speech of English, Catalan and Spanish 2, 4 and 6 year-olds, and compared with the (adult-directed) speech of their mothers. Results reveal that child speech does not fall into a well-defined rhythmic class: for all three languages, it is more "vocalic" (higher %V) than adult speech and has a…

  6. The CHILD syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Happle; H. Koch; W. Lenz

    1980-01-01

    The term CHILD syndrome is proposed as an acronym for congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects. The syndrome is characterized by unilateral erythema and scaling, with a distinct demarcation in the middle of the trunk. The dermatosis is either present at birth or develops during the first weeks of life. Ipsilateral limb defects may vary from hypoplasia of

  7. Child and Storying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alparaque, Idrenne

    The power of language gives children (and the rest of us) that "magic" talent of bringing to life that which is otherwise hidden from conscious awareness. From the viewpoint of one attempting to listen to children's languaging within experience so that the listening becomes a dialogic experience, the child storyteller seems to experience a…

  8. Child Rights Information Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established in 1995 and based in London, the Children's Rights Information Network (CRIN) uses the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) as their inspiration. Visitors unfamiliar with the reasons for the need for a group that advocates for the rights of children should check out the "Issues" tab. The CRIN Quiz section is a good place for visitors to learn about some of the specifics of children's rights in various countries, such as the "African Committee on the Rights and the Welfare of the Child" from 15/03/2010 and "Child Rights and the United States" from 05/11/2008. There are quizzes on some specific issues that involve children, such as "Child Slavery" from 28/03/2007 and "Quiz on Children Affected by Armed Conflict" from 24/11/2006. The "Information By Country", which can be accessed on the left hand side of the homepage, features International Law, National Law, and Regional Law related to the country, as well as the "Latest Resources", which include such valuable guides as the "Human Rights Watch: Global Report 2010".

  9. Helping Your Overweight Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    Currently, at least one child in five is overweight. Although children have fewer health problems from weight than adults, overweight children are at high risk for many health problems including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and stroke. Several factors are cited as to why children become overweight. Genetics, lack of exercise, and…

  10. Child Welfare in Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBroom, Elizabeth, Ed.

    1983-01-01

    Reflecting the current state of theory and practice in child welfare in Canada, these eight papers suggest a contemporary view of Canadian children and the contexts in which they develop as defined by legal rights and society. First, Henry S. Maas argues that attention to normal social development and its contexts, and to related ongoing theory…

  11. Berea College Child Development

    E-print Network

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    -on experiences The CDL utilizes the many educational resources of Berea College to enhance children's learning in development and learning styles. As Maslow states, "a musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poetBerea College Child Development Lab (CDL) Breakfast, lunch, and afternoon snack are served

  12. Banking on Child Nutrition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briley, Margaret; McBride, Andrea M.; Roberts-Gray, Cynthia

    1997-01-01

    The child-care facility is rapidly growing into the role of gatekeeper on food intake for children. This article describes guidelines for children's nutritional needs, what children are actually eating, how to make menus more nutritious (including recipes), how to strengthen menus and keep food costs low, and the use of food banks. (EV)

  13. Synthesis and characterization of a novel three-dimensional open-framework: Metal diphosphonate, Zn[HO 3PCH 2(C 6H 4)CH 2PO 3H

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Xianzhu; Wang, Peng; Hao, Rong; Gan, Meina; Sun, Fuxing; Zhu, Guang-shan

    2009-01-01

    A novel zinc diphosphonate, Zn[HO 3PCH 2(C 6H 4)CH 2PO 3H] ( 1) was synthesized from tetraethyl para-xylylenediphosphonate, Et 2O 3PCH 2C 6H 4CH 2PO 3Et 2, and Zn (AcO) 2·2H 2O under solvothermal conditions. The structure of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which reveals that the structure crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/ c (No. 15), with a = 22.4844(19) Å, b = 6.4361(5) Å, c = 8.1194(7) Å, ? = 102.595(2)°, V = 1146.70(16) Å 3, T = 298(2) K, Z = 8. The novel three-dimensional (3D) construction is simply built up from linear inorganic chains of corner-sharing four-rings of tetrahedral [ZnO 4] and [PO 3C] which connected adjacent chains by the organophosphorus ligand para-xylylenediphosphonate. The framework has 10 Å × 4 Å (containing the van der Waals radii of atoms) channels running along the b-axis.

  14. Health is wealth: considerations to european healthcare.

    PubMed

    Unger, F

    2012-07-01

    (Full text is available at http://www.manu.edu.mk/prilozi). European Healthcare is a duty, imbedded in our European culture, to help people in sickness, to promote a healthy society through education and the prevention of diseases. Human Life is our highest value; the concept of Health is fundamental to Life and leads to the creation of Wealth. Health is the result of a common European cultural endeavour. The provision of Healthcare in Europe is highly diverse and must be understood in the light of different geographical and cultural development perspectives. In the 21st century Health is becoming a matter of general European interest and will be an increasingly important priority within the enlarged European Union. Healthcare Systems must enshrine the principal of Health for All as their ultimate goal. Healthcare, essential to life, is enormously complex and dependent on: -the needs of the population and its demographic structures; -progress in all aspects of medical practice; -financing models. Healthcare provision is developing from a National to a European endeavour as a European Healthcare Market (EHCM) serving its people, legitimised by the European Convention, which sets out the principals of a socio-market economy, competition and self-responsibility (Fig. 1). The component parts of the EHCM are the Patient, Medical Arts and Sciences, Medical Providers, Medical Organisation and all stakeholders. The Medical Arts and Sciences together with the Medical Organization are to be entirely reshaped as strategic European tasks, while the stakeholder, financing, monitoring and controlling are subsidiary tasks for the national authorities. The Convention provides a unique opportunity to create a European Market for Health. Greater European cooperation enables effective use of resources, access and quality of care (2512th Council meeting, EU, June 2003). The EHCM serves the patients and creates the conditions for continuing wealth creation. To achieve sustainable effects, the main component in structuring medicine is the clinical leadership. Demographics and Healthcare financing issues are the most sensible areas to tackle as a priority. This requires reconciling national health policies with European obligations. In the spirit of the Lisbon Council conclusions and the European Convention the EHCM provides: -Health for all; -Provision based on evidence and effectiveness; -Control of costs. The European Institute of Medicine sees this as a great opportunity to consolidate the different National models and inherited systems in an EHCM and consequently to stimulate clinical leadership to achieve sustainable reforms. The common concern is the increasing cost of provision. Stabilizing costs in an environment of a decreasing working population is very challenging. By modernizing systems there is potential for controlling costs, the processes for which have to be identified. Most national reforms have failed due to massive political influence especially where Healthcare together with Welfare is operated as a state-monopoly. This Strategic Vision has four mutually dependent parts: the patient is in the centre, and surrounded by clusters representing the Medical Arts, the Medical Organization and Financing. This Strategic Vision is structured in 4 segments, which are the cornerstones for establishing systems for the EHCM: A. The Patient There is a change in today's paradigm: The patient becomes the focal point. The patient of today is increasingly well informed and motivated. The patient is at the centre of all efforts, and all healthcare provisions are constructed around the patient. The patient is both a consumer and a contributor to the EHCM. B. Cluster I: Medical Arts The optimisation of Medical Arts and Sciences is an essential prere-quisite of the Strategic Visions. This cluster focuses on the basics of diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Conservative, invasive and prophylactic principles cover the whole range of possibilities including the prediction and prevention of diseases. To use Outcome Related Medicine (ORM) as a measure

  15. Human factors systems approach to healthcare quality and patient safety.

    PubMed

    Carayon, Pascale; Wetterneck, Tosha B; Rivera-Rodriguez, A Joy; Hundt, Ann Schoofs; Hoonakker, Peter; Holden, Richard; Gurses, Ayse P

    2014-01-01

    Human factors systems approaches are critical for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. The SEIPS (Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety) model of work system and patient safety is a human factors systems approach that has been successfully applied in healthcare research and practice. Several research and practical applications of the SEIPS model are described. Important implications of the SEIPS model for healthcare system and process redesign are highlighted. Principles for redesigning healthcare systems using the SEIPS model are described. Balancing the work system and encouraging the active and adaptive role of workers are key principles for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. PMID:23845724

  16. Integrated Environment for Ubiquitous Healthcare and Mobile IPv6 Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cagalaban, Giovanni; Kim, Seoksoo

    The development of Internet technologies based on the IPv6 protocol will allow real-time monitoring of people with health deficiencies and improve the independence of elderly people. This paper proposed a ubiquitous healthcare system for the personalized healthcare services with the support of mobile IPv6 networks. Specifically, this paper discusses the integration of ubiquitous healthcare and wireless networks and its functional requirements. This allow an integrated environment where heterogeneous devices such a mobile devices and body sensors can continuously monitor patient status and communicate remotely with healthcare servers, physicians, and family members to effectively deliver healthcare services.

  17. Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

    2009-01-01

    Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

  18. Child-Directed Speech: Relation to Socioeconomic Status, Knowledge of Child Development and Child Vocabulary Skill

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Meredith L.

    2008-01-01

    This study sought to determine why American parents from different socioeconomic backgrounds communicate in different ways with their children. Forty-seven parent-child dyads were videotaped engaging in naturalistic interactions in the home for ninety minutes at child age 2 ; 6. Transcripts of these interactions provided measures of child-directed…

  19. A perspective of adaptation in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Mezghani, Emna; Da Silveira, Marcos; Pruski, Cédric; Exposito, Ernesto; Drira, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Emerging new technologies in healthcare has proven great promises for managing patient care. In recent years, the evolution of Information and Communication Technologies pushes many research studies to think about treatment plan adaptation in this area. The main goal is to accelerate the decision making by dynamically generating new treatment due to unexpected situations. This paper portrays the treatment adaptation from a new perspective inspired from the human nervous system named autonomic computing. Thus, the selected potential studies are classified according to the maturity levels of this paradigm. To guarantee optimal and accurate treatment adaptation, challenges related to medical knowledge and data are identified and future directions to be explored in healthcare systems are discussed. PMID:25160175

  20. California Healthcare Foundation: Center for Health Reporting

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Health care journalism is a rapidly growing field, and the California HealthCare Foundation's Center for Health Reporting is a new venture of note in this area. The Center is based out of the USC Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism and is funded by the California HealthCare Foundation. The focus of their work is to partner with news organizations across the state "to explore questions about the quality and costs of health care and about Californian's ability to access it." Recently, they have worked on projects documenting the diabetes epidemic in California's farming communities, the impact of forest fires and firefighting techniques on health, and the exodus of local primary doctors. On their homepage, visitors can read about their "Projects", read some of their recent reports, and also check out the "Fast Facts" area. Also, their blog is a pleasant find, and it contains links to some of the aforementioned reports along with commentary on pressing health issues facing Californians.

  1. Healthcare-associated Pneumonia and Aspiration Pneumonia

    PubMed Central

    Komiya, Kosaku; Ishii, Hiroshi; Kadota, Jun-ichi

    2015-01-01

    Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a new concept of pneumonia proposed by the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America in 2005. This category is located between community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia with respect to the characteristics of the causative pathogens and mortality, and primarily targets elderly patients in healthcare facilities. Aspiration among such patients is recognized to be a primary mechanism for the development of pneumonia, particularly since the HCAP guidelines were published. However, it is difficult to manage patients with aspiration pneumonia because the definition of the condition is unclear, and the treatment is associated with ethical aspects. This review focused on the definition, prevalence and role of aspiration pneumonia as a prognostic factor in published studies of HCAP and attempted to identify problems associated with the concept of aspiration pneumonia. PMID:25657850

  2. INFECTION CONTROL IN ALTERNATIVE HEALTHCARE SETTINGS

    PubMed Central

    Flanagan, Elaine; Chopra, Teena; Mody, Lona

    2011-01-01

    SYNOPSIS With the changing healthcare delivery, patients receive care at various settings including acute care hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, outpatient primary care and specialty clinics, as well as at home, exposing them to pathogens in various settings. Various healthcare settings face unique challenges requiring individualized infection control programs. Infection control programs in skilled nursing facilities should address: surveillance for infections and antimicrobial resistance, outbreak investigation and control plan for epidemics, isolation precautions, hand hygiene, staff education, and employee and resident health programs. Infection control programs in ambulatory clinics should address: Triage and standard – transmission based precautions, cleaning, disinfection and sterilization principles, surveillance in surgical clinics, safe injection practices, and bioterrorism and disaster planning for ambulatory clinics. PMID:21316005

  3. Medical Tourism: Globalization of the Healthcare Marketplace

    PubMed Central

    Horowitz, Michael D.; Rosensweig, Jeffrey A.; Jones, Christopher A.

    2007-01-01

    The citizens of many countries have long traveled to the United States and to the developed countries of Europe to seek the expertise and advanced technology available in leading medical centers. In the recent past, a trend known as medical tourism has emerged wherein citizens of highly developed countries choose to bypass care offered in their own communities and travel to less developed areas of the world to receive a wide variety of medical services. Medical tourism is becoming increasingly popular, and it is projected that as many as 750,000 Americans will seek offshore medical care in 2007. This phenomenon is driven by marketplace forces and occurs outside of the view and control of the organized healthcare system. Medical tourism presents important concerns and challenges as well as potential opportunities. This trend will have increasing impact on the healthcare landscape in industrialized and developing countries around the world. PMID:18311383

  4. [Considering body ethics in the healthcare profession].

    PubMed

    Wang, Shin-Yun

    2014-10-01

    This article uses the theory of body phenomenology and Watson's caring theory to develop and apply body ethics to the clinical healthcare profession. This attempt is meant to facilitate deep, humanistic experiences for healthcare personnel. The analysis of body phenomenology reveals that the soul is banished from her familiar and comfortable "at-home" status when illness and pain invade the body. In such situations, the body becomes an external object that is self-alienated. This experience induces experiences such as solitude and violence. However, it also holds the potential to expose the original morality of the body. Additionally, this article discusses popular tools used in clinical ethics such as principalism and virtual-based ethics, which are based on moral reasoning and moral feeling. In contrast to these, body ethics seek a more profound and humble level of sensibility that is able to implant authenticity into the ethics. Finally, we offer some suggestions related to Watson's caring theory. PMID:25271027

  5. Caregiver Asthma Knowledge, Aptitude, and Practice in High Healthcare Utilizing Children: Effect of an Educational Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Madhok, Neha; Kipperman, Stacy

    2013-01-01

    Factors underlying high healthcare utilization among Hispanic and African American (AA) children with asthma are not well known. We hypothesized that low parental knowledge and suboptimal practices are associated with high healthcare utlization and sought to elucidate these factors and identify ethnicity-specific differences. We also hypothesized that a targeted educational intervention will decrease emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. A 57-item questionnaire investigating asthma knowledge, aptitude, and practice was administered during a hospitalization to 268 caregivers (158 Hispanic and 110 AA) of high healthcare utilizer children. Responses were compared between ethnicities. Participants were randomized into an education group and a control group to investigate the impact of an in-hospital educational intervention on future ED visits and hospitalizations. More than 80% of caregivers knew that asthma is associated with muscle constriction and mucus production. Overall, 66.7%–86.9% of caregivers found preventive steps including allergen avoidance, regular primary care physician (PCP) follow–up, and medication adherence helpful, but only 45.2% reported adherence to controller medications. Similarly, caregivers found management steps, including albuterol use, avoidance of ineffective medications, and need to contact PCP helpful but 33% Hispanic caregivers contacted their child's PCP at the time of the exacerbation leading the current hospitalization, compared with 17% AA caregivers (P=0.006). Moreover, 40% and 30% Hispanic and 27% and 18% AA caregivers felt stressed and helpless, respectively, about their child's asthma. Despite high baseline levels of knowledge, there were fewer ED visits in the education group (1.56±1.94) compared with the control group (2.05±2.32) (P=0.02) 2 years after the intervention. Although Hispanic and AA caregivers of children with high healthcare utilization were knowledgeable of asthma pathophysiology, and preventive and management steps, they reported being stressed and helpless and were unable to implement the steps at the time of an exacerbation, seeking care at the ED rather than contacting their PCP. The high health utilizers who underwent a targeted educational intervention had fewer ED visits 2 years following the intervention. PMID:24066262

  6. Quality of Big Data in Healthcare

    SciTech Connect

    Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Ramachandran, Natarajan [Tennessee Technological University; Ferrell, Regina Kay [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    The current trend in Big Data Analytics and in particular Health information technology is towards building sophisticated models, methods and tools for business, operational and clinical intelligence, but the critical issue of data quality required for these models is not getting the attention it deserves. The objective of the paper is to highlight the issues of data quality in the context of Big Data Healthcare Analytics.

  7. Implementation of Telenursing Within Home Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann-Marie Jönsson; Ania Willman

    2008-01-01

    The implementation of telenursing within home healthcare of leg wounds is an innovative development initiative that focuses on patients and to some extent next-of-kin in collaboration with nurses. Eleven patients and nine nurses participated in the study. The methods for data collection were surveys, field-notes descriptions, and care charts, as well as digital photos of leg wounds and videotaped observations.

  8. Decisions through data: analytics in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Wills, Mary J

    2014-01-01

    The amount of data in healthcare is increasing at an astonishing rate. However, in general, the industry has not deployed the level of data management and analysis necessary to make use of those data. As a result, healthcare executives face the risk of being overwhelmed by a flood of unusable data. In this essay I argue that, in order to extract actionable information, leaders must take advantage of the promise of data analytics. Small data, predictive modeling expansion, and real-time analytics are three forms of data analytics. On the basis of my analysis for this study, I recommend all three for adoption. Recognizing the uniqueness of each organization's situation, I also suggest that practices, hospitals, and healthcare systems examine small data and conduct real-time analytics and that large-scale organizations managing populations of patients adopt predictive modeling. I found that all three solutions assist in the collection, management, and analysis of raw data to improve the quality of care and decrease costs. PMID:25154123

  9. [Competition in healthcare--political intentions].

    PubMed

    Knieps, Franz

    2009-01-01

    Over the last 20 years strategies introducing regulated competition have gradually been implemented in the corporatistically structured German healthcare system. In particular, this applies to the structure of health insurance organisation where the corporatively organised allocation system has deliberately been transformed to ensure health insurance choice. Accordingly, the laws governing membership, health insurance premiums and health benefits have been adapted and new rules for public finance including a risk structure compensation scheme encompassing the different kinds of health insurances have been established. The options for competition arising in the area of health service provision do not only affect the health insurance companies themselves, but also the relations to the providers of healthcare as well as their relationship with each other. This holds especially true of the role and function of the (regional) physicians' associations. The relation between collective agreements and individual contracts is still unclear. With the further development of strategies introducing regulated competition the possibilities and limitations of competition will have to be explored and many details--such as, for example, the implementation of the responsibility for ensuring the provision of healthcare services--need to be resolved. PMID:20120188

  10. Upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in healthcare personnel.

    PubMed

    Occhionero, Vincenzo; Korpinen, Leena; Gobba, Fabriziomaria

    2014-08-01

    The literature on upper limb musculoskeletal disorders (UL-MSD) in different groups of healthcare workers was reviewed: 65 relevant studies were collected. In dentists, the neck was the most frequently affected segment, with prevalences up to 73% and exceeding 50% in 7 out of 12 studies. In dental hygienists and in laboratory technicians, the hand/wrist had the highest prevalence in the majority of the studies. In nurses, the most seriously affected anatomic sites were the neck and shoulders. Physiotherapists had the lowest prevalence of UL-MSD. A high prevalence of upper limb disease, mainly carpal tunnel syndrome, was reported in dentists, dental hygienists, anesthesia nurses and endoscopists. The high prevalence of upper limb disorders/diseases reported in health personnel supports the hypothesis of a significant risk in these workers. However, the possible role of biomechanical overload, as much as that of stress or other personal factors, cannot be currently assessed. Practitioner Summary: Published studies support the hypothesis of a significant risk of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in healthcare activities. The neck was the most frequently affected segment in dentists, the hand/wrist in dental hygienists and in laboratory technicians, and the neck and shoulders in nurses. Lower prevalence was reported in physiotherapists. A high prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome was also observed in various healthcare activities. PMID:24840049

  11. [Child sexual abuse].

    PubMed

    Fegert, Jörg M

    2007-01-01

    The present paper gives an overview on the development of professional discourse on sexual abuse over the last 20 years in the field of child protection. After the introduction, definitions from different professional perspectives (civil law, criminal law, psychotherapy, counseling, etc.) are given. Based on these definitions an epidemiological range of prevalence figures is described. In the literature, rates ranging from 6 to 25 % in girls and 2 to 8 % in boy as victims of sexual abuse can be observed. Psychiatric consequences of sexual abuse are described based on an overview of the literature. Diagnostic approaches to posttraumatic problems are discussed and distinguished from obsolete measures. Some neurobiological findings are presented. Finally the foundations of counseling, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy of behavioral of symptoms and PTSD are discussed on the bases of a literature review of controlled clinical trials. In conclusion, further developments in psychotherapy and research are discussed for the German practical child protection field. PMID:17177097

  12. [Vaccinations for traveler child].

    PubMed

    Guérin, N; Sorge, F; Imbert, P; Laurent, C; Banerjee, A; Khelfaoui-Ladraa, F; Gendrel, D

    2007-01-01

    Each year, half a million of children leave France to travel towards countries south or east of the European Union, sometimes in poor sanitary conditions. In order to propose essential or useful immunizations for these trips, the current synthesis will allow the practitioner to insure that the routine French immunization schedule has been followed, and to complete it if needed, to protect the child according to the epidemiological situation in the visited area, to try to reduce the limitations of the immunization of the traveler child. In case of emergency, or close departure, it may be useful to follow an accelerated schedule of the last minute, and, sometimes, to immunize traveler children with a chronic disease. Informations on Internet sites useful for the knowledge of current infectious risks in the destination country are also provided. PMID:17049217

  13. The wheezing child.

    PubMed

    Rachelefsky, G S

    1984-11-01

    Asthma self-management is a new concept. Asthma Care Training for Kids (A.C.T.) was developed at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA); its concepts have been incorporated into the daily management of the asthmatic child. The child is allowed to be in the driver's seat, to have some control of his or her disease. Using the colors of the traffic signals--red, yellow, and green--pediatricians teach children about their symptoms, aggravators, and medications. The children keep daily diaries, which result in better control of disease, along with increased compliance. Causes of asthma are presented; pediatricians are advised to explain to their patients and the parents the concept of hyperreactive ("twitchy") airways; that is, asthma can be caused or aggravated by many things, including allergens, infection, and exercise. Proper home management is detailed, including environmental control. The use of antiasthmatic medications is stressed, especially the side effects. PMID:6493896

  14. StarChild

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Whitlock, Laura

    Created by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration, StarChild is an online astronomy learning center for elementary and middle school students. Included are materials about the solar system, the Milky Way galaxy, and extra-galactic astronomy. Materials are divided into two different grade levels. Once divided into these two levels, the resource contains information on the solar system, universe, space stuff and a glossary. Translations are also available in German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish.

  15. Soldier and Child 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    , paper saved from the sweetie bags, painstakingly covered by the fountain pen scratchings that had been so wonderful to a child. Blackbeard and Bluebeard, Cap?n Kidd and of course, standing bravest and proudest and richest of all, the magnificent... for him to chance. And Bodie, kneeling in his bed, naked, gloriously, beautifully naked, the sheet draped strategically across him, hinting at the shape of things to come, muscles sheening, eyes shining, smiling? And cuddling Doyle?s white teddy bear...

  16. Including Your Child

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

  17. Computer skills for the next generation of healthcare executives.

    PubMed

    Côté, Murray J; Van Enyde, Donald F; DelliFraine, Jami L; Tucker, Stephen L

    2005-01-01

    Students beginning a career in healthcare administration must possess an array of professional and management skills in addition to a strong fundamental understanding of the field of healthcare administration. Proficient computer skills are a prime example of an essential management tool for healthcare administrators. However, it is unclear which computer skills are absolutely necessary for healthcare administrators and the extent of congruency between the computer skills possessed by new graduates and the needs of senior healthcare professionals. Our objectives in this research are to assess which computer skills are the most important to senior healthcare executives and recent healthcare administration graduates and examine the level of agreement between the two groups. Based on a survey of senior healthcare executives and graduate healthcare administration students, we identify a comprehensive and pragmatic array of computer skills and categorize them into four groups, according to their importance, for making recent health administration graduates valuable in the healthcare administration workplace. Traditional parametric hypothesis tests are used to assess congruency between responses of senior executives and of recent healthcare administration graduates. For each skill, responses of the two groups are averaged to create an overall ranking of the computer skills. Not surprisingly, both groups agreed on the importance of computer skills for recent healthcare administration graduates. In particular, computer skills such as word processing, graphics and presentation, using operating systems, creating and editing databases, spreadsheet analysis, using imported data, e-mail, using electronic bulletin boards, and downloading information were among the highest ranked computer skills necessary for recent graduates. However, there were statistically significant differences in perceptions between senior executives and healthcare administration students as to the extent of computer skills required in areas such as word processing, graphics and presentation, spreadsheet analysis, using imported data, and working with local area networks (LANs). PMID:15887847

  18. Strategic alliances in healthcare: opportunities for the Veterans Affairs healthcare system.

    PubMed

    Halverson, P K; Kaluzny, A D; Young, G J

    1997-01-01

    Strategic alliances are proving to be effective strategies for responding and adapting to changing environments, and as such they offer the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system valuable opportunities for accomplishing the goals of its major reorganization effort. This article begins with an examination of basic strategic-alliance structures that are employed across many different types of industries. Next, consideration is given to the ways in which these basic alliance structures may be adapted to the unique organizations and individuals that serve as providers, purchasers, and consumers of health services. Finally, this article explores how models of strategic alliance in healthcare can be tailored to the specific needs and constraints of the VA healthcare system through an examination of existing and potential alliance opportunities. PMID:10169294

  19. The relation between child death and child maltreatment

    PubMed Central

    Jenny, C; Isaac, R

    2006-01-01

    The death of a child is a sentinel event in a community, and a defining marker of a society's policies of safety and health. Child death as a result of abuse and neglect is a tragic outcome that occurs in all nations of the world. The true incidence of fatal child abuse and neglect is unknown. The most accurate incidence data of such deaths have been obtained from countries where multi?agency death review teams analyse the causes of child fatalities, as is done in the United States and Australia. PMID:16492892

  20. Implementation of pregnancy weight management and obesity guidelines: a meta-synthesis of healthcare professionals' barriers and facilitators using the Theoretical Domains Framework.

    PubMed

    Heslehurst, N; Newham, J; Maniatopoulos, G; Fleetwood, C; Robalino, S; Rankin, J

    2014-06-01

    Obesity in pregnancy is rising and is associated with severe health consequences for both the mother and the child. There is an increasing international focus on guidelines to manage the clinical risks of maternal obesity, and for pregnancy weight management. However, passive dissemination of guidelines is not effective and more active strategies are required for effective guideline implementation into practice. Implementation of guidelines is a form of healthcare professional behaviour change, and therefore implementation strategies should be based on appropriate behaviour change theory. This systematic review aimed to identify the determinants of healthcare professionals' behaviours in relation to maternal obesity and weight management. Twenty-five studies were included. Data synthesis of the existing international qualitative and quantitative evidence base used the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify the barriers and facilitators to healthcare professionals' maternal obesity and weight management practice. The domains most frequently identified included 'knowledge', 'beliefs about consequences' and 'environmental context and resources'. Healthcare professionals' weight management practice had the most barriers compared with any other area of maternal obesity practice. The results of this review will be used to inform the development of an intervention to support healthcare professional behaviour change. PMID:24629076

  1. A comparative analysis of early child health and development services and outcomes in countries with different redistributive policies

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The social environment is a fundamental determinant of early child development and, in turn, early child development is a determinant of health, well-being, and learning skills across the life course. Redistributive policies aimed at reducing social inequalities, such as a welfare state and labour market policies, have shown a positive association with selected health indicators. In this study, we investigated the influence of redistributive policies specifically on the social environment of early child development in five countries with different political traditions. The objective of this analysis was to highlight similarities and differences in social and health services between the countries and their associations with other health outcomes that can inform better global early child development policies and improve early child health and development. Methods Four social determinants of early child development were selected to provide a cross-section of key time periods in a child’s life from prenatal to kindergarten. They included: 1) prenatal care, 2) maternal leave, 3) child health care, and 4) child care and early childhood education. We searched international databases and reports (e.g. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, World Bank, and UNICEF) to obtain information about early child development policies, services and outcomes. Results Although a comparative analysis cannot claim causation, our analysis suggests that redistributive policies aimed at reducing social inequalities are associated with a positive influence on the social determinants of early child development. Generous redistributive policies are associated with a higher maternal leave allowance and pay and more preventive child healthcare visits. A decreasing trend in infant mortality, low birth weight rate, and under five mortality rate were observed with an increase in redistributive policies. No clear influence of redistributive policies was observed on breastfeeding and immunization rates. In the analysis of child care and early education, the lack of uniform measures of early child development outcomes was apparent. Conclusions This paper provides further support for an association between redistributive policies and early child health and development outcomes, along with the organization of early child health and development services. PMID:24195544

  2. Improving the child's experience of healthcare: the implementation of clinical governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L Donaldson; A Halligan; D Wall

    2003-01-01

    The concept of clinical governance and the philosophy of quality-centred care is being implemented throughout the National Health Service. Clinical governance integrates the activities necessary to ensure high-quality care for patients. It is about identifying standards, robust systems of inspection, local innovation and enabling patient empowerment; all themes that build on the lessons of the inquiry into children's heart surgery

  3. The Medically Fragile Child: Caring for Children with Special Healthcare Needs in the School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication is designed to help teachers, nurses and paraprofessionals meet the challenges of dealing with children who have serious medical problems. It contains information on training, health and safety, and legal rights and responsibilities. Specifically, this third edition sets out to accomplish three goals: (1) to educate American…

  4. Building an evidence base in complementary and integrative healthcare for child and adolescent psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Emmeline; Mischoulon, David; Rapaport, Mark; Stussman, Barbara; Weber, Wendy

    2013-07-01

    Complementary and integrative strategies are widely used by families with children who have mental health diagnoses. The therapies used by these children include herbs, dietary supplements, massage, acupuncture, meditation, and naturopathy. The literature on efficacy of complementary and alternative approaches is of limited value, and studies are needed to test efficacy and safety. Interpretation of complementary and integrative health care studies for symptomatic management of mental health conditions is hampered by study design and methodological limitations. Well-designed, adequately powered, and suitably controlled clinical trials on promising complementary and integrative modalities are needed for children and adolescents with psychiatric conditions. PMID:23806317

  5. Healthcare Equity: Providing Quality Care for

    E-print Network

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    , especially for minority and low-income groups Overall quality is improving, access is getting worse of diabetes care, maternal and child health care, and adverse events Disparities in cancer care Quality of care among states in the South Evidence Institute on Multicultural Health #12;Figure 2.45. Hospital

  6. State Plan for Child Day Care [Virginia].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gravett, Marty; And Others

    Virginia's first state plan for child day care begins with 14 sections covering several aspects of child care. Section I reviews child care history and trends. Sections II, III, IV, and V argue, respectively, that child day care is important to government, business, families, and children. Elements of a comprehensive child day care delivery system…

  7. The Child Care Problem: An Economic Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blau, David M.

    Addressed to both social scientists and to nonacademic readers, this book provides an overview of the United States child care market, analyzes the main aspects of child care and child care policy, and proposes a new child care policy. The main thesis of the book is that the child care market functions much better than is commonly believed.…

  8. WorkLife Office Choosing Child Care

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    WorkLife Office Choosing Child Care Resources for Making Child Care Decisions WorkLife Office 3160;2 ­ Choosing Child Care Table of Contents I. FINDING THE APPROPRIATE CHILDCARE FOR YOUR FAMILY Child Care Centers ......................................................................... 5 Family Child Care Home

  9. PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had swim lessons before? Yes No Is your child com- fortable in the water? Parent/child or level 1 class No Level 1 class Yes Does your child put their face in the water? No Level 2 class Yes Can your child swim underwater, swim Front crawl, and back crawl? No Level 3 class Yes

  10. Family stressors and child obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Garasky; Susan D. Stewart; Craig Gundersen; Brenda J. Lohman; Joey C. Eisenmann

    2009-01-01

    Child obesity is a public health priority with numerous and complex causes. This study focuses on factors within the family, namely stressful experiences, which may be associated with child obesity. We examine data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for children in two age groups: 5–11 and 12–17years old. Results from an ordered probit

  11. The Future of Healthcare–Information Based Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Borangiu, T; Purc?rea, V

    2008-01-01

    The paper discusses how information based medicine has become an increasingly important model of healthcare. Today's patients are better informed and therefore play a more active role in their own healthcare, fuelling the drive towards personalized medicine. Information Based Medicine enables researchers to design targeted therapeutics and rapidly develop best practices guidelines to enable healthcare providers to deliver the most complete individualized healthcare solutions. Information based medicine is realized thanks to growth in four key areas–Clinical Genomics, Medical Imaging, Targeted Pharmaceuticals, and Information Systems. Also discussed, is how technological advances throughout this decade are changing the discovery, development and delivery of new treatments–with healthcare becoming increasingly personalized as a result. A glimpse into the future of personalised healthcare is presented, highlighting scenarios in development today along with the challenges and perspectives which lie ahead. PMID:20108471

  12. Five constants of information technology adoption in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Bernstein, Mariel L; McCreless, Tamuchin; Côté, Murray J

    2007-01-01

    The healthcare industry has developed a dependence on information technology (IT) for maintaining and improving both clinical and business operations. Whether IT is used for office automation or for reducing medical errors, there are five constants that routinely influence the successful integration of IT in healthcare. These constants are the proper use and maintenance of the IT budget, the role of supportive leadership, the use of project management, the process of implementation, and the significance of end user involvement. These constants challenge healthcare organizations to efficiently and effectively use their financial and human resources when adopting new IT. These constants also shape how the healthcare industry approaches the adoption and utilization of new IT. A collective understanding of these constants and their interrelationships will enable healthcare organizations to better integrate new IT and achieve organizational goals of developing a solid technological infrastructure to truly enhance the delivery of quality healthcare. PMID:17405421

  13. Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Effect on Patient Behavior

    E-print Network

    Rice, Courtney R.

    2010-07-14

    Scholars Thesis by COURTNEY RAE RICE OBSERVING HEALTHCARE INTERIOR ENVIRONMENTS AND THE EFFECT ON PATIENT BEHAVIOR OBSERVING HEALTHCARE INTERIOR ENVIRONMENTS AND THE EFFECT ON PATIENT BEHAVIOR Approved by: Research Advisor: Mark... as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by COURTNEY RAE RICE iii ABSTRACT Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Efect on Patient Behavior. (April 2010) Courtney Rae Rice Department of Architecture Texas A&M University...

  14. INVESTIGATING DELIVERY, PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACTING RELATIONSHIPS IN HEALTHCARE FACILITY CONSTRUCTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell Manning; John I. Messner

    In the United States, there is currently significant growth in the construction of healthcare facilities. This healthcare construction boom is driven by multiple factors including population shifts within the U.S.; aging facilities which no longer meet modern operational practices and efficiencies; and significant shifts in building code requirements. The last major healthcare construction boom occurred in the U.S. when design-bid-build

  15. Patient Outcomes with Teaching Versus Nonteaching Healthcare: A Systematic Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panagiotis N Papanikolaou; Georgia D Christidi; John P. A Ioannidis

    2006-01-01

    BackgroundExtensive debate exists in the healthcare community over whether outcomes of medical care at teaching hospitals and other healthcare units are better or worse than those at the respective nonteaching ones. Thus, our goal was to systematically evaluate the evidence pertaining to this question.Methods and FindingsWe reviewed all studies that compared teaching versus nonteaching healthcare structures for mortality or any

  16. Building a Distributed E-Healthcare System Using SOA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Firat Kart; Louise E. Moser; P. Michael Melliar-smith

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a distributed e-healthcare system that uses the service-oriented architecture as a means of designing, implementing, and managing healthcare services. Medical monitoring devices worn by the patient, and frequent electronic communication between the patient and a nurse, can ensure that the prescribed treatment is being followed and that the patient is making good progress. The e-healthcare system described

  17. A Methodology for Knowledge Acquisition in Consumer-Oriented Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elena Cardillo; Andrei Tamilin; Luciano Serafini

    \\u000a In Consumer-oriented Healthcare Informatics it is still difficult for laypersons to find, understand, and act on health information.\\u000a This is due to the communication gap between specialized medical terminology used by healthcare professionals and “lay” medical\\u000a terminology used by healthcare consumers. So there is a need to create consumer-friendly terminologies reflecting the different\\u000a ways consumers and patients express and think

  18. Microbiological safety of food in hospitals and other healthcare settings.

    PubMed

    Lund, Barbara M; O'Brien, Sarah J

    2009-10-01

    Cases and outbreaks of foodborne infection in healthcare settings can result in serious illness, wastage of expensive medical treatments, spread of infection to other patients and staff and disruption of services. Providing nutritious meals for vulnerable people in healthcare settings involves a systematic approach to microbiological safety, as provided by hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) principles. The types of food served in healthcare settings should be selected to minimise the risk of foodborne infection. PMID:19732991

  19. Creating the future: Brown University's Executive Master of Healthcare Leadership.

    PubMed

    Kofron, Elizabeth A

    2013-06-01

    The Affordable Care Act is ushering in a new paradigm for all aspects of the healthcare industry - from hospitals to insurers, from IT companies to physician practice groups. Brown's new executive master's degree in healthcare leadership provides the knowledge healthcare leaders need to navigate this new world. The 16-month program mixes online learning and short campus-based sessions to accommodate the working professional. PMID:23741727

  20. Inorganic-organic hybrid materials: synthesis and crystal structure determination from powder diffraction data of Pb 2(O 3PCH 2C 6H 4CH 2PO 3)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irran, Elisabeth; Bein, Thomas; Stock, Norbert

    2003-07-01

    A new lead diphosphonate, Pb 2(O 3PCH 2C 6H 4CH 2PO 3) was hydrothermally synthesized from tetraethyl ?, ?'- p-xylenediphos-phonate and Pb(NO 3) 2. The structure was solved and refined using X-ray powder diffraction data. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2 1/ c, with a = 467.84(2), b = 2007.98(9), c = 639.10(2) pm, ? = 101.020(3)°, V = 589.31(4) 10 6 pm, Z=2, w Rp=0.034, Rp=0.027, RF2=0.061, RF=0.036. The structure is built from corner-linked [PbO 4] polyhedra, containing a lone pair of electrons. These polyhedra are connected to layers by phosphonate groups, RPO 32- and through the organic diphosphonic acid to a three-dimensional structure. Thermogravimetric as well as IR spectroscopic studies are also presented.

  1. Estimating lifetime healthcare costs with morbidity data

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In many developed countries, the economic crisis started in 2008 producing a serious contraction of the financial resources spent on healthcare. Identifying which individuals will require more resources and the moment in their lives these resources have to be allocated becomes essential. It is well known that a small number of individuals with complex healthcare needs consume a high percentage of health expenditures. Conversely, little is known on how morbidity evolves throughout life. The aim of this study is to introduce a longitudinal perspective to chronic disease management. Methods Data used relate to the population of the county of Baix Empordà in Catalonia for the period 2004–2007 (average population was N?=?88,858). The database included individual information on morbidity, resource consumption, costs and activity records. The population was classified using the Clinical Risk Groups (CRG) model. Future morbidity evolution was simulated under different assumptions using a stationary Markov chain. We obtained morbidity patterns for the lifetime and the distribution function of the random variable lifetime costs. Individual information on acute episodes, chronic conditions and multimorbidity patterns were included in the model. Results The probability of having a specific health status in the future (healthy, acute process or different combinations of chronic illness) and the distribution function of healthcare costs for the individual lifetime were obtained for the sample population. The mean lifetime cost for women was €111,936, a third higher than for men, at €81,566 (all amounts calculated in 2007 Euros). Healthy life expectancy at birth for females was 46.99, lower than for males (50.22). Females also spent 28.41 years of life suffering from some type of chronic disease, a longer period than men (21.9). Conclusions Future morbidity and whole population costs can be reasonably predicted, combining stochastic microsimulation with a morbidity classification system. Potential ways of efficiency arose by introducing a time perspective to chronic disease management. PMID:24156613

  2. Standard treatment guidelines in primary healthcare practice.

    PubMed

    Gopalakrishnan, S; Udayshankar, P M; Rama, R

    2014-01-01

    In India, healthcare delivery is implemented at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Of these, primary health care is the essential health care and is the first point of care for the public across the country. The primary health care system caters to nearly 70% of the population by treating about 90% of the common and locally prevailing problems. One of the integral elements of primary health care is provision of essential medicines, which should be available at all times in adequate amounts in appropriate dosage forms and at an affordable cost. It has an important bearing on the medical, economical and social outcomes of the healthcare delivery system. This situation mandates the need for rational use of medicines by standardizing the treatment of commonly occurring illness at the primary health care level. Standard Treatment Guidelines (STGs) have been in vogue in India only since recent times and is gaining popularity among practitioners. STGs have many advantages for the patients, healthcare providers, drug manufacturers and marketing agencies, and above all, the policy makers and the legislative system of the country. The drawback in STGs lies in the difficulties in implementation on a large scale. With due efforts to prioritize the health needs, comprehensive coverage of national health programs involving all the stakeholders including professional organizations, undergraduate medical curriculum planners and medical practitioners, STGs can be implemented effectively and thereby we can ensure a quality health care at the primary care level at an affordable cost as part of the now redefined Universal Health Coverage. This article is intended as a guide to understand the concept of STGs, prepared with the aim of capacity building for medical professionals in rationally treating patients in their day-to-day clinical practice. PMID:25657957

  3. Standard Treatment Guidelines in Primary Healthcare Practice

    PubMed Central

    Gopalakrishnan, S.; Udayshankar, P.M.; Rama, R.

    2014-01-01

    In India, healthcare delivery is implemented at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Of these, primary health care is the essential health care and is the first point of care for the public across the country. The primary health care system caters to nearly 70% of the population by treating about 90% of the common and locally prevailing problems. One of the integral elements of primary health care is provision of essential medicines, which should be available at all times in adequate amounts in appropriate dosage forms and at an affordable cost. It has an important bearing on the medical, economical and social outcomes of the healthcare delivery system. This situation mandates the need for rational use of medicines by standardizing the treatment of commonly occurring illness at the primary health care level. Standard Treatment Guidelines (STGs) have been in vogue in India only since recent times and is gaining popularity among practitioners. STGs have many advantages for the patients, healthcare providers, drug manufacturers and marketing agencies, and above all, the policy makers and the legislative system of the country. The drawback in STGs lies in the difficulties in implementation on a large scale. With due efforts to prioritize the health needs, comprehensive coverage of national health programs involving all the stakeholders including professional organizations, undergraduate medical curriculum planners and medical practitioners, STGs can be implemented effectively and thereby we can ensure a quality health care at the primary care level at an affordable cost as part of the now redefined Universal Health Coverage. This article is intended as a guide to understand the concept of STGs, prepared with the aim of capacity building for medical professionals in rationally treating patients in their day-to-day clinical practice. PMID:25657957

  4. Healthcare systems engineering: an interdisciplinary approach to achieving continuous improvement.

    PubMed

    Wu, Bin; Klein, Cerry; Stone, Tamara T

    2006-01-01

    This paper argues that a systems approach can significantly enhance healthcare improvement efforts in patient safety, service quality and healthcare cost containment. The application of systems thinking to healthcare improvement encompasses three key principles: the systems perspective of healthcare processes, structured problem solving and the closed loop of continuous system improvement. These are encapsulated in a conceptual framework of continuous system improvement, which includes a reference architecture model and an analysis and design process model. Combined into a closed-loop, this framework allows users to understand and appropriately apply relevant functions, issues and analytical techniques. Practical applications of the framework are presented. PMID:18048245

  5. Mother–child disagreement in reports of child anxiety: Effects of child age and maternal anxiety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura A. Niditch; R. Enrique Varela

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined effects of maternal anxiety, child age, and their interaction on mother–child anxiety reporting disagreement while taking into account the direction of each informant's report relative to the other. Participants were 41 dyads of mothers and clinically anxious children aged 7–13. A hierarchical regression revealed a significant interaction between maternal anxiety and child age (?=.30, p<.05). A

  6. Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 4353 (2008)

    E-print Network

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    2008-01-01

    Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 43­53 (2008) Published online in Wiley Inter- right # 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key words: imitation; robot learning; developmental robotics; `like learning without any support will have difficulty over- coming the complexity involved even in simple tasks

  7. Prevalence and Development of Child Delinquency. Child Delinquency Bulletin Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Howard N.; Espiritu, Rachele C.; Huizinga, David; Loeber, Rolf; Petechuk, David

    The number of child delinquents entering the juvenile justice system is increasing, as evidenced by rising arrest rates and court caseloads. Compared with adolescents who become involved in delinquency in their teens, child delinquents between the ages of 7 and 12 have a two- to threefold greater risk of becoming serious, violent, and chronic…

  8. Planning for Child Development: Manual. Appalachian Child Care Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Franklin, Jr.

    This group facilitator manual which forms the basis of a package of materials (including a handbook and media presentation) is designed for use with child care councils, policy advisory committees, and child advocacy groups which want to become more effective in developing programs for children. The manual is divided into two major sections. The…

  9. Household Shocks, Child Labor, and Child Schooling: Evidence from Guatemala

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alok K. Bohara; William F. Vásquez

    2010-01-01

    :Using data from the National Survey of Standards of Living conducted in Guatemala in 2000, this article tests the hypothesis that Guatemalan households use child labor and reduce child schooling to cope with household shocks. First, the authors use factor analysis to estimate the latent household propensity to natural disasters and socioeconomic shocks. Then, they estimate bivariate probit models to

  10. Household Shocks, Child Labor, and Child Schooling: Evidence from Guatemala

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alok K. Bohara; William F. Vásquez

    2010-01-01

    Using data from the National Survey of Standards of Living conducted in Guatemala in 2000, this article tests the hypothesis that Guatemalan households use child labor and reduce child schooling to cope with household shocks. First, the authors use factor analysis to estimate the latent household propensity to natural disasters and socioeconomic shocks. Then, they estimate bivariate probit models to

  11. Child-to-Child Evangelism Hits on Parents' Religious Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boston, Rob

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the "child-to-child evangelism" technique designed by evangelist Franklin Graham to convert America's children to his brand of Christianity. Starting in local public schools, Graham put out this plan whereby children could study evangelism techniques over the Internet and then march into their schools to…

  12. Towards a flexible, process-oriented IT architecture for an integrated healthcare network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Beyer; Klaus A. Kuhn; Christian Meiler; Stefan Jablonski; Richard Lenz

    2004-01-01

    Healthcare information systems play an important role in improving healthcare quality. As providing healthcare increasingly changes from isolated treatment episodes towards a continuous medical process involving multiple healthcare professionals and institutions, there is an obvious need for an information system to support processes and span the whole healthcare network. A suitable architecture for such an information system must take into

  13. Child Guidance Techniques.

    E-print Network

    Fraiser, Roberta C.

    1982-01-01

    special ability which enables them to work with a minimal amount of frustration and few major conflicts. Others seem to be in a constant power struggle. Observations of intuitive parents and pro fessional workers with children reveal some tech niques... will discover that they frequently create problems for themselves by giving a child a choice when no choice is available. (Giving another adult a choice when none exists is frustrating, too!) If you are not going to let Billy outside without his coat, you...

  14. Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for the child is due solely to inadequate economic resources or solely to the existence of a ... failing to furnish food, shelter, clothing, or medical attention that is reasonably sufficient to meet the child’s ...

  15. 28 CFR 551.24 - Child placement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Birth Control, Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.24 Child placement. (a) The Warden may not permit the inmate's new born child to return to the...

  16. 28 CFR 551.24 - Child placement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Birth Control, Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.24 Child placement. (a) The Warden may not permit the inmate's new born child to return to the...

  17. 28 CFR 551.24 - Child placement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Birth Control, Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.24 Child placement. (a) The Warden may not permit the inmate's new born child to return to the...

  18. 28 CFR 551.24 - Child placement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Birth Control, Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.24 Child placement. (a) The Warden may not permit the inmate's new born child to return to the...

  19. Kinship Caregivers and the Child Welfare System

    MedlinePLUS

    ... some requirements if they do not affect the child’s health or safety. Kinship caregivers may be required to ... legal guardian. 2. Actions that the parent and child welfare system need to take so that the children ...

  20. 75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ...Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and...information to private child support collection agencies...practices of some private child support collection agencies have had the effect of reducing child support income...

  1. Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Task Force FINAL | 1 Understanding Task Force Recommendations Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment The U.S. Preventive ... 2 Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Maltreatment Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Child Abuse and Neglect Health ...

  2. Clinical information systems for integrated healthcare networks.

    PubMed Central

    Teich, J. M.

    1998-01-01

    In the 1990's, a large number of hospitals and medical practices have merged to form integrated healthcare networks (IHN's). The nature of an IHN creates new demands for information management, and also imposes new constraints on information systems for the network. Important tradeoffs must be made between homogeneity and flexibility, central and distributed governance, and access and confidentiality. This paper describes key components of clinical information systems for IHN's, and examines important design decisions that affect the value of such systems. Images Figure 1 PMID:9929178

  3. A universal exchange language for healthcare.

    PubMed

    Robson, Barry; Caruso, Thomas P

    2013-01-01

    We have defined a Universal Exchange Language (UEL) for healthcare that takes a green field approach to the development of a novel "XML-like" language. We consider here what given a free hand might mean: a UEL that incorporates an advanced mathematical foundation that uses Dirac's notation and algebra. For consented and public information, it allows probabilistic inference from UEL semantic web triplet tags. But also it is possible to use similar thinking to maximize the security and analytic characteristics of private health data by disaggregating or "shredding" it. Both are scalable to millions of records that could be spread across the Internet. PMID:23920723

  4. Dragons' Den: promoting healthcare research and innovation.

    PubMed

    Mazhindu, Deborah; Gregory, Siobhan

    2015-07-01

    The changing health and social care landscape, and, in particular, the financial challenges affecting the NHS, can present difficulties for staff looking for funding to support innovation and new ways of working. One method of competitive tendering that is becoming more accepted as a way of allocating funds, encouraging staff engagement and developing innovation for research is a format based the BBC television series, Dragons' Den. This article describes how Hounslow and Richmond Community Healthcare NHS Trust, London, has developed a 'Dragons' Den initiative' of annual competitive research funding allocation to ensure that some of the most dynamic practice in the trust is captured. PMID:26135194

  5. Evaluating healthcare quality using natural language processing.

    PubMed

    Baldwin, Karen Brandt

    2008-01-01

    Consistent monitoring for quality indicators as adverse events or missed screening opportunities remains a difficult proposition for most healthcare organizations. Much of the clinical data needed for quality reports is imbedded in narrative reports in the electronic health record. Narrative data most often require costly retrieval by manual data extraction. NUD*IST, a qualitative research computer program, was used as an automated natural Language processing tool to extract and code data for analysis of screening and treatment for breast cancer. The study method demonstrated acceptable Levels of precision and recall compared to large-scale natural Language processing programs. PMID:18680924

  6. Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Sheppy, M.; Pless, S.; Kung, F.

    2014-08-01

    NREL partnered with two hospitals (MGH and SUNY UMU) to collect data on the energy used for multiple thermal and electrical end-use categories, including preheat, heating, and reheat; humidification; service water heating; cooling; fans; pumps; lighting; and select plug and process loads. Additional data from medical office buildings were provided for an analysis focused on plug loads. Facility managers, energy managers, and engineers in the healthcare sector will be able to use these results to more effectively prioritize and refine the scope of investments in new metering and energy audits.

  7. An Exploration of Healthcare Inventory and Lean Management in Minimizing Medical Supply Waste in Healthcare Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Rodney

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand how lean thinking and inventory management technology minimize expired medical supply waste in healthcare organizations. This study was guided by Toyota's theory of lean and Mintzberg's theory of management development to explain why the problem of medical supply waste exists. Government…

  8. A training project helps the poor. A rural healthcare facility offers job training, gains employees.

    PubMed

    Elliott, L; Keller, L; Smith, G

    1992-10-01

    As poor Americans look for work, healthcare facilities face a shortage of workers. One facility, Saint Francis Medical Center in Grand Island, NE, found a way to help some of the area's financially disadvantaged persons receive technical training and employment as it eased its own personnel shortage. Saint Francis leaders assembled a team of representatives from the hospital's staff, the Greater Nebraska Job Training Program, Lincoln, and Central Community College, Grand Island, to establish the Rural Allied Medical Business Occupations program. The team reviewed several job descriptions to help it decide which jobs to include in the program and surveyed area hospitals to ensure the positions selected were experiencing shortages. The program received a grant as a demonstration project from the U.S. Department of Education. After identifying participants who had the aptitudes and interests for the jobs, the Rural Medical Allied Medical Business Occupations program arranged for participants' training and assistance with items such as tuition, child care, and transportation. Participants received training at Central Community College and at Saint Francis Hospital. Saint Francis Medical Center deemed the program a success. The hospital has hired seven healthcare workers who would not have been available if they had not been trained through this program. Moreover, the program provides yet another way for the hospital to help fulfill a major portion of its mission: to help the poor. PMID:10121475

  9. Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life among Sudanese schoolchildren using Child-OIDP inventory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nazik M Nurelhuda; Mutaz F Ahmed; Tordis A Trovik; Anne N Åstrøm

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Information on oral health-related quality of life, in addition to clinical measures, is essential for healthcare policy makers to promote oral health resources and address oral health needs. OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Child-OIDP, estimating the prevalence, severity and causes of oral impacts on daily performances in 12-year-old public and

  10. Behavioural consequences of child abuse

    PubMed Central

    Al Odhayani, Abdulaziz; Watson, William J.; Watson, Lindsay

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Objective To discuss the consequences of abuse on childhood behavioural development, to highlight some behavioural clues that might alert physicians to ongoing child abuse, and to explore the specific role of the family physician in this clinical situation. Sources of information A systematic search was used to review relevant research, clinical review articles, and child protection agency websites. Main message A child’s behaviour is an outward manifestation of inner stability and security. It is a lens through which the family physician can observe the development of the child throughout his or her life. All types of abuse are damaging to children—physically, emotionally, and psychologically—and can cause long-term difficulties with behaviour and mental health development. Family physicians need to be aware of and alert to the indicators of child abuse and neglect so that appropriate interventions can be provided to improve outcomes for those children. Conclusion Child abuse might cause disordered psychological development and behaviour problems. Family physicians have an important role in recognizing behaviour clues that suggest child abuse and in providing help to protect children. PMID:23946022

  11. Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trickett, Penelope K.; Negriff, Sonya; Ji, Juye; Peckins, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    Child abuse and neglect, often collectively called child maltreatment, are huge social problems affecting millions of children and adolescents in America. Adolescents are affected both by maltreatment which occurred during childhood with lingering effects and by maltreatment that continues into or begins in adolescence. Several decades of research…

  12. Neuroscience, Play, and Child Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Joe L.

    This paper presents a brief overview of the array of neuroscience research as it applies to play and child development. The paper discusses research showing the importance of play for brain growth and child development, and recommends that families, schools and other social and corporate institutions rearrange their attitudes and priorities about…

  13. Ingham County Child Care Centers

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    Preschool and Child Development Center 1317 Mason, Dansvilee, MI 517-623-6904 0-17 years · · · · · Site of MI Respite drop-off (2hrs max) OPS ESL Developmental Preschool 1118 S Harrison, East Lansing, MI 517: MSU Dept of Family Child Ecology Site: Old Central School People's Church Preschool 200 W Grand River

  14. Illinois: Child Care Collaboration Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Illinois Child Care Collaboration Program promotes collaboration between child care and other early care and education providers, including Early Head Start (EHS), by creating policies to ease blending of funds to extend the day or year of existing services. While no funding is provided through the initiative, participating programs may take…

  15. Child Labour Remains "Massive Problem."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World of Work, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Despite significant progress in efforts to abolish child labor, an alarming number of children are engaged in its worst forms. Although 106 million are engaged in acceptable labor (light work for those above the minimum age for employment), 246 million are involved in child labor that should be abolished (under minimum age, hazardous work). (JOW)

  16. Valuing Your Child Care Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linsmeier, Dave; Richards, Dick; Routzong, Ed

    2003-01-01

    Offers guidelines for putting a monetary value on a child care business. Discusses reasons for valuing the business, types of valuations (book, liquidation, and fair market), fair market valuation formulas, the corporate valuation, valuing assets included in a sale, and using experts. Also offers several tips for selling a child care business. (EV)

  17. Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars

    MedlinePLUS

    Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars Kids in Hot Cars Heatstroke is one of the leading causes of death among children. Unfortunately, even great parents can ... if You Notice a Child Alone in a Car! Protecting children is everyone’s business—learn what to ...

  18. EVALUATING THE CHILD'S LANGUAGE COMPETENCE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KLIMA, URSULA BELLUGI

    LANGUAGE ABILITY IS ESSENTIAL TO A CHILD'S SUCCESS IN SCHOOL, AND THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF COMMUNICATION IS THE CHILD'S ABILITY TO PUT WORDS TOGETHER IN MEANINGFUL PATTERNS. THE ABILITY OF ADULTS TO GIVE AN INTERPRETATION TO NONSENSE LIKE "JABBERWOCKY" DEPENDS ON THE SYNTACTIC CUES GIVEN BY RELATIONAL WORDS AND WORD ORDER. IN ORDER TO FIND OUT…

  19. The Owned Child and Commodification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin Lesnik-Oberstein

    2005-01-01

    want to suggest in this article some com- plexities in and around the idea that the child, in several recent discussions on reproduc- tive technologies, is constantly brought in rela- tion to the market and commodity, and yet is not simply equated with commodity. When and how is the child a commodity and not a com- modity? Polemics concerning the

  20. Child Trauma Toolkit for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Established by Congress in 2000, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) is a unique collaboration of academic and community-based service centers whose mission is to raise the standard of care and increase access to services for traumatized children and their families across the United States. Combining knowledge of child