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1

Urban Fathers' Involvement in Their Child's Health and Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the known positive child outcomes associated with father involvement, how fathers are involved in the health and healthcare of their children is largely unexplored. This qualitative study conducted interviews with a subsample of fathers from the national Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study to explore fathers' perceptions of their involvement in their child's health and healthcare. Using an integration

Craig F. Garfield; Anthony J. Isacco

2012-01-01

2

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH)  

MedlinePLUS

... the urine. PCH has been linked to secondary syphilis, tertiary syphilis, and other viral or bacterial infections. Sometimes the ... help. For example, if PCH is caused by syphilis, symptoms may get better when the syphilis is ...

3

Working for Your Child with Willis-Ekbom Disease / Restless Legs Syndrome in the Healthcare System  

MedlinePLUS

... anything you haven’t thought to ask. Choosing Healthcare Professionals Look for individuals who listen well and ... Look for a team member. This is a healthcare professional who shares your child’s medical information with ...

4

The Effect of Maternal Healthcare on the Probability of Child Survival in Azerbaijan  

PubMed Central

This study assesses the effects of maternal healthcare on child survival by using nonrandomized data from a cross-sectional survey in Azerbaijan. Using 2SLS and simultaneous equation bivariate probit models, we estimate the effects of delivering in healthcare facility on probability of child survival taking into account self-selection into the treatment. For women who delivered at healthcare facilities, the probability of child survival increases by approximately 18%. Furthermore, if every woman had the opportunity to deliver in healthcare facility, then the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan as a whole would have increased by approximately 16%. PMID:25110673

Fan, Lida

2014-01-01

5

The effect of maternal healthcare on the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan.  

PubMed

This study assesses the effects of maternal healthcare on child survival by using nonrandomized data from a cross-sectional survey in Azerbaijan. Using 2SLS and simultaneous equation bivariate probit models, we estimate the effects of delivering in healthcare facility on probability of child survival taking into account self-selection into the treatment. For women who delivered at healthcare facilities, the probability of child survival increases by approximately 18%. Furthermore, if every woman had the opportunity to deliver in healthcare facility, then the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan as a whole would have increased by approximately 16%. PMID:25110673

Habibov, Nazim; Fan, Lida

2014-01-01

6

Inhibiting Factors in the Prevention of Overweight in Infants: An Explorative Qualitative Study among Child Healthcare Practitioners in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore inhibiting factors in the prevention of overweight in infants younger than one year, among practitioners working for municipal child healthcare organisations in the Netherlands. Twelve in-depth interviews with child healthcare physicians and nurses were conducted. All interviews were tape-recorded, after which…

Dera de Bie, Eveliene; Jansen, Maria; Gerver, Willem Jan

2012-01-01

7

What Do I Do Now? Seeking Healthcare and Therapeutic Services for Your Child with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationwide, more than 13.5 million children have special healthcare needs and with increases in the prevalence and diagnosis of development disabilities, this number can be expected to increase in the coming years. For any child with special needs, it is very important that they have a medical home from which all services can be coordinated. The…

Peters, Sarika U.; Chu, Hillary

2010-01-01

8

Notifications for child safeguarding from an acute hospital in response to presentations to healthcare by parents.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND?: Consideration of child safeguarding is routine within maternity services but less common in other health services for adults. We audited notifications for child safeguarding from an acute general hospital where the policy includes questioning adults presenting with violence, mental health problems or drug or alcohol misuse to any department within the hospital about children at home and notifying to the local authority children's social care services if there are safeguarding concerns. METHODS?: Cross-sectional audit of notifications for child safeguarding, including abuse, neglect or victimization, from all departments in one hospital to the local authority children's social care department during 12 months (2010/11). RESULTS?: Of 681 notifications (57 per month), 40% (270/681) were triggered by parents' presentation to acute hospital services. Of these, 37% (100/270; 12 teenage mothers) presented for maternity care and 60% (162/270; 8 teenage parents) presented to the emergency department (ED). Of the 60% (411/681) of notifications prompted by children presenting for healthcare, most originated from the ED (358/411; 87%): two-thirds of these presented with injury (250/358; 70%). CONCLUSION?: Given a policy to ask adults about children at home, a substantial proportion of children notified for child safeguarding were recognized through presentations to acute healthcare by their parents. Further research and development of this policy needs to ensure that questioning results in effective interventions for the children and their parents. PMID:24635011

Gonzalez-Izquierdo, A; Ward, A; Smith, P; Walford, C; Begent, J; Ioannou, Y; Gilbert, R

2015-03-01

9

Improving maternal and child healthcare programme using community-participatory interventions in Ebonyi State Nigeria.  

PubMed

In Nigeria, the government is implementing the Free Maternal and Child Health Care Programme (FMCHCP). The policy is premised on the notion that financial barriers are one of the most important constraints to equitable access and use of skilled maternal and child healthcare. In Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria the FMCHCP is experiencing implementation challenges including: inadequate human resource for health, inadequate funding, out of stock syndrome, inadequate infrastructure, and poor staff remuneration. Furthermore, there is less emphasis on community involvement in the programme implementation. In this policy brief, we recommend policy options that emphasize the implementation of community-based participatory interventions to strengthen the government's FMCHCP as follows: Option 1: Training community women on prenatal care, life-saving skills in case of emergency, reproductive health, care of the newborn and family planning. Option 2: Sensitizing the community women towards behavioural change, to understand what quality services that respond to their needs are but also to seek and demand for such. Option 3: Implementation packages that provide technical skills to women of childbearing age as well as mothers' groups, and traditional birth attendants for better home-based maternal and child healthcare. The effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated in a number of community-based participatory interventions, building on the idea that if community members take part in decision-making and bring local knowledge, experiences and problems to the fore, they are more likely to own and sustain solutions to improve their communities' health. PMID:25337602

Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Ndukwe, Chinwendu Daniel; Ezeoha, Abel Abeh; Urochukwu, Henry Chukwuemeka; Ezeonu, Chinonyelum Thecla

2014-10-01

10

Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, provides detailed analyses and projections of occupations in healthcare fields, and wages earned. In addition, the important skills and work values associated with workers in those fields of healthcare are discussed. Finally, the authors analyze the implications of research findings for the racial, ethnic, and class diversity of the…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

11

Four candles. Original perspectives and insights into 18th century hospital child healthcare.  

PubMed

It has only recently been recognised that for more than a century before the opening of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (1852) children were treated and even admitted in English Voluntary Hospitals. Among the earliest English 18th century records, that contain the patient's age, are those found at the Northampton General Hospital within an archive dating from its foundation as the Northampton Infirmary in 1744. They afford a fascinating glimpse into both inpatient and outpatient child health. Although there are no medical notes as such, the hospital archive has recently rediscovered 1743 statutes, contemporary patient literature entitled Some Friendly Advice to a Patient (written by the Northampton Infirmary's founding physician Dr (later Sir) James Stonhouse), minute books, contemporary engravings of the outside and inside of the hospital and inpatient menus. Thus we can speculate with a high degree of certainty as to what would be the then current infirmary environment and treatments for illustrative examples of the children seen in the period 1744-45 (two inpatients and two outpatients). Interestingly one of the inpatient cases, Elizabeth Ager, a child with fever, was admitted against the infirmary regulations, suggesting already a stretching of boundaries in favour of paediatric admissions. This paper gives a flavour of 18th century hospital child healthcare in an era before the formal recognition of paediatrics as a medical specialty and preceding by more than a century the construction of specialist provision through the foundation of the first children's hospitals. PMID:17185447

Williams, A N

2007-01-01

12

Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents an example of action research in the healthcare industry. A synopsis of the project is provided, followed by a discussion of why action research was successful in this project and in this industry. Further discussion focuses on the overall use of action research to increase interactions between academic researchers and business practitioners. The authors propose the increased

Rajiv Kohli; Ellen Hoadley

13

PCH-2 regulates Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan.  

PubMed

Components or downstream targets of many signaling pathways such as Insulin/IGF-1 and TOR, as well as genes involved in cellular metabolism and bioenergetics can extend worm lifespan 20% or more. The C. elegans gene pch-2 and its homologs, including TRIP13 in humans, have been studied for their functions in cell mitosis and meiosis, but have never been implicated in lifespan regulation. Here we show that over-expression of TRIP13 in human fibroblasts confers resistance to environmental stressors such as UV radiation and oxidative stress. Furthermore, pch-2 overexpression in C. elegans extends worm lifespan, and enhances worm survival in response to various stressors. Conversely, reducing pch-2 expression with RNAi shortens worm lifespan. Additional genetic epistasis analysis indicates that the molecular mechanism of pch-2 in worm longevity is tied to functions of the sirtuin family, implying that pch-2 is another chromatin regulator for worm longevity. These findings suggest a novel function of the pch-2 gene involved in lifespan determination. PMID:25635513

Qian, Hong; Xu, Xiangru; Niklason, Laura E

2015-01-01

14

Clinical Features: Pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH) is a group of rare neurodegenerative disorders with a prenatal onset and  

E-print Network

European ancestry and a haplotype on which p.A307S arose as a founder mutation [2]. Four patients with PCH2 of an affected child are likely carriers. Recurrence risk for carrier parents is 25%. Test methods: We offer panel, as we recommend this as a reflex test for patients negative for TSEN54 testing. Dr. William

Gilad, Yoav

15

Healthcare provider–child–parent communication in the preoperative surgical setting  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives: Although preoperative preparation programs were once common, most children currently undergoing outpatient surgery are first exposed to the hospital on the day of the procedure. It is advocated that these outpatient children undergo the preparation just prior to surgery. Aim: To assess the amount of time that healthcare providers spend with children and families on the day of surgery in the preoperative area. Materials and Methods: The study used video infrastructure in the preoperative holding area of Yale New Haven Children's Hospital to record all interactions between children, families, and healthcare providers. Videotapes were coded to characterize and quantify behaviors of healthcare professionals. Results: On the day of surgery, healthcare providers spent medians of 2.75–4.81 min interacting with children and parents in the preoperative area. Families spent a median of 46.5 min in the preoperative area. Healthcare professionals spent the most time in medical talk (averages of 42.5–48.2% of time spent with family) and little time was spent in nonmedical talk (range of 6.2–6.9% of time spent with family). Anesthesiologists and surgeons spent 28% and 18% of the interview in talk to children; admitting nurses spent more of the interview talking to children (43%). Conclusions: Families interact with healthcare providers for only a small proportion of the time they spent in the preoperative area. This is likely to be a result of increased production pressure in the perioperative settings and has implications for providing preparation for surgery on the morning of the procedure. PMID:19187045

KAIN, ZEEV N.; MACLAREN, JILL E.; HAMMELL, CARRIE; NOVOA, CRISTINA; FORTIER, MICHELLE A.; HUSZTI, HEATHER; MAYES, LINDA

2009-01-01

16

Serological Findings in a Child with Paroxysmal Cold Haemoglobinuria  

PubMed Central

PCH is a rare autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) but is one of the most common causes of AIAH in children. For the diagnosis, it is important to perform the appropriate methods of serological investigation and show the typical biphasic reaction. This is a case report of a child who presented with features of haemolysis and was diagnosed with PCH of this way. PMID:25371680

Salido, Eduardo J.; Cabañas, Valentín; Macizo, María I.; García-Candel, Faustino; Pérez-López, Raúl

2014-01-01

17

Essential PchG-Dependent Reduction in Pyochelin Biosynthesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa  

PubMed Central

The biosynthetic genes pchDCBA and pchEF, which are known to be required for the formation of the siderophore pyochelin and its precursors salicylate and dihydroaeruginoate (Dha), are clustered with the pchR regulatory gene on the chromosome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The 4.6-kb region located downstream of the pchEF genes was found to contain three additional, contiguous genes, pchG, pchH, and pchI, probably forming a pchEFGHI operon. The deduced amino acid sequences of PchH and PchI are similar to those of ATP binding cassette transport proteins with an export function. PchG is a homolog of the Yersinia pestis and Y. enterocolitica proteins YbtU and Irp3, which are involved in the biosynthesis of yersiniabactin. A null mutation in pchG abolished pyochelin formation, whereas mutations in pchH and pchI did not affect the amounts of salicylate, Dha, and pyochelin produced. The pyochelin biosynthetic genes were expressed from a vector promoter, uncoupling them from Fur-mediated repression by iron and PchR-dependent induction by pyochelin. In a P. aeruginosa mutant lacking the entire pyochelin biosynthetic gene cluster, the expressed pchDCBA and pchEFG genes were sufficient for salicylate, Dha, and pyochelin production. Pyochelin formation was also obtained in the heterologous host Escherichia coli expressing pchDCBA and pchEFG together with the E. coli entD gene, which provides a phosphopantetheinyl transferase necessary for PchE and PchF activation. The PchG protein was purified and used in combination with PchD and phosphopantetheinylated PchE and PchF in vitro to produce pyochelin from salicylate, l-cysteine, ATP, NADPH, and S-adenosylmethionine. Based on this assay, a reductase function was attributed to PchG. In summary, this study completes the identification of the biosynthetic genes required for pyochelin formation from chorismate in P. aeruginosa. PMID:11208777

Reimmann, Cornelia; Patel, Hiten M.; Serino, Laura; Barone, Mario; Walsh, Christopher T.; Haas, Dieter

2001-01-01

18

"The joy to bless and to relieve mankind": child healthcare at Northampton General Infirmary 1744  

PubMed Central

For more than a century before the opening of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (1852), children in England were treated and even admitted in voluntary hospitals in spite of rules prohibiting such care. The earliest English eighteenth century records, that contain the patient's age, are held in Northampton. Reviewing records from the Northampton General Infirmary (from 1903 the Northampton General Hospital) for the period 1744–45 gives a flavour of hospital child health care in an era before the formal recognition of paediatrics as a medical specialty and the construction of specialist provision. Indeed the first patient admitted to the Northampton General Infirmary on 29 March 1744 was Thomasin Grace, a 13 year old child. In Northampton, in its first year of operation, children as young as 2 years of age were seen in outpatients and from 8 years were admitted. Paediatric cases up to and including those 16 years of age made up 26% of the number of patients seen for that year. Within the first year of opening for children of 10 years of age and under, there were eight inpatient admissions and 18 children were treated in outpatients. PMID:16301548

Williams, A

2005-01-01

19

Pch2 is a hexameric ring ATPase that remodels the chromosome axis protein Hop1  

PubMed Central

In budding yeast the pachytene checkpoint 2 (Pch2) protein regulates meiotic chromosome axis structure by maintaining the domain-like organization of the synaptonemal complex proteins homolog pairing 1 (Hop1) and molecular zipper 1 (Zip1). Pch2 has also been shown to modulate meiotic double-strand break repair outcomes to favor recombination between homologs, play an important role in the progression of meiotic recombination, and maintain ribosomal DNA stability. Pch2 homologs are present in fruit flies, worms, and mammals, however the molecular mechanism of Pch2 function is unknown. In this study we provide a unique and detailed biochemical analysis of Pch2. We find that purified Pch2 is an AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) protein that oligomerizes into single hexameric rings in the presence of nucleotides. In addition, we show Pch2 binds to Hop1, a critical axial component of the synaptonemal complex that establishes interhomolog repair bias, in a nucleotide-dependent fashion. Importantly, we demonstrate that Pch2 displaces Hop1 from large DNA substrates and that both ATP binding and hydrolysis by Pch2 are required for Pch2–Hop1 transactions. Based on these and previous cell biological observations, we suggest that Pch2 impacts meiotic chromosome function by directly regulating Hop1 localization. PMID:24367111

Chen, Cheng; Jomaa, Ahmad; Ortega, Joaquin; Alani, Eric E.

2014-01-01

20

The impact of primary healthcare in reducing inequalities in child health outcomes, Bogotá – Colombia: an ecological analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Colombia is one of the countries with the widest levels of socioeconomic and health inequalities. Bogotá, its capital, faces serious problems of poverty, social disparities and access to health services. A Primary Health Care (PHC) strategy was implemented in 2004 to improve health care and to address the social determinants of such inequalities. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of the PHC strategy to reducing inequalities in child health outcomes in Bogotá. Methods An ecological analysis with localities as the unit of analysis was carried out. The variable used to capture the socioeconomic status and living standards was the Quality of Life Index (QLI). Concentration curves and concentration indices for four child health outcomes (infant mortality rate (IMR), under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of acute malnutrition in children under-5, and vaccination coverage for diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus) were calculated to measure socioeconomic inequality. Two periods were used to describe possible changes in the magnitude of the inequalities related with the PHC implementation (2003 year before - 2007 year after implementation). The contribution of the PHC intervention was computed by a decomposition analysis carried out on data from 2007. Results In both 2003 and 2007, concentration curves and indexes of IMR, under-5 mortality rate and acute malnutrition showed inequalities to the disadvantage of localities with lower QLI. Diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT) vaccinations were more prevalent among localities with higher QLI in 2003 but were higher in localities with lower QLI in 2007. The variation of the concentration index between 2003 and 2007 indicated reductions in inequality for all of the indicators in the period after the PHC implementation. In 2007, PHC was associated with a reduction in the effect of the inequality that affected disadvantaged localities in under-5 mortality (24%), IMR (19%) and acute malnutrition (7%). PHC also contributed approximately 20% to inequality in DPT coverage, favoring the poorer localities. Conclusion The PHC strategy developed in Bogotá appears to be contributing to reductions of the inequality associated with socioeconomic and living conditions in child health outcomes. PMID:23145972

2012-01-01

21

Pediatric home healthcare: a paradox.  

PubMed

Although parents may welcome having their ill child cared for at home, they are not prepared to compromise privacy and family rituals, nor share control of their child. The purpose of this article is to provide a snapshot of problems that parents have encountered with pediatric home healthcare. Home care parents offer suggestions for other parents and home healthcare nurses and agencies, encouraging them to be proactive in preventing potential problems. PMID:7960866

Krepper, R; Young, A; Cummings, E

1994-01-01

22

Biosynthesis of pyochelin and dihydroaeruginoic acid requires the iron-regulated pchDCBA operon in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  

PubMed Central

The high-affinity siderophore salicylate is an intermediate in the biosynthetic pathway of pyochelin, another siderophore and chelator of transition metal ions, in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The 2.5-kb region upstream of the salicylate biosynthetic genes pchBA was sequenced and found to contain two additional, contiguous genes, pchD and pchC, having the same orientation. The deduced amino acid sequence of the 60-kDa PchD protein was similar to those of the EntE protein (2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase) of Escherichia coli and other adenylate-forming enzymes, suggesting that salicylate might be adenylated at the carboxyl group by PchD. The 28-kDa PchC protein showed similarities to thioesterases of prokaryotic and eukaryotic origin and might participate in the release of the product(s) formed from activated salicylate. One potential product, dihydroaeruginoate (Dha), was identified in culture supernatants of iron-limited P. aeruginosa cells. The antifungal antibiotic Dha is thought to arise from the reaction of salicylate with cysteine, followed by cyclization of cysteine. Inactivation of the chromosomal pchD gene by insertion of the transcription and translation stop element omega Sm/Sp abolished the production of Dha and pyochelin, implying that PchD-mediated activation of salicylate may be a common first step in the synthesis of both metabolites. Furthermore, the pchD::omega Sm/Sp mutation had a strong polar effect on the expression of the pchBA genes, i.e., on salicylate synthesis, indicating that the pchDCBA genes constitute a transcriptional unit. A full-length pchDCBA transcript of ca. 4.4 kb could be detected in iron-deprived, growing cells of P. aeruginosa. Transcription of pchD started at tandemly arranged promoters, which overlapped with two Fur boxes (binding sites for the ferric uptake regulator) and the promoter of the divergently transcribed pchR gene encoding an activator of pyochelin biosynthesis. This promoter arrangement allows tight iron-mediated repression of the pchDCBA operon. PMID:8982005

Serino, L; Reimmann, C; Visca, P; Beyeler, M; Chiesa, V D; Haas, D

1997-01-01

23

Comparison of healthcare priorities in childhood and early/late adolescence: analysis of cross-sectional data from eight countries in the Council of Europe Child-friendly Healthcare Survey, 2011  

PubMed Central

Aims To investigate healthcare priorities among children (?12 years), early adolescents (13–15 years) and late adolescents (16–18 years). Methods A total of 2023 respondents from eight European countries rated the importance of nine healthcare factors. The relative importance of these factors was compared within and between age groups, using mean score differences and logistic regression. Results The most important item for all age groups was being listened to. Children rated pain control and the presence of parents more important than either understanding the doctor or being able to ask questions. Among adolescents, these differences disappeared for pain control and were reversed for parental presence. The changes in relative priorities between childhood and adolescence remained significant after adjusting for sex, long-standing illness and nationality (all P < 0.001). Conclusion Healthcare priorities evolve significantly between childhood and early adolescence. However, being listened to is the most important priority at all ages. PMID:24962262

Bensted, R; Hargreaves, D S; Lombard, J; Kilkelly, U; Viner, R M

2015-01-01

24

Pervasive Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US healthcare industry is confronting a number of challenges, including skyrocketing costs, a growing incidence of medical errors, inadequate staffing, and lack of coverage in rural and underserved urban areas. Healthcare workers are under increasing pressure to provide better services to more people using limited financial and human resources. One proposed solution to the current crisis is pervasive healthcare.

Upkar Varshney

2003-01-01

25

The Effect of Parent-Child Function on Physical Activity and Television Viewing among Adolescents with and without Special Healthcare Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, the association between parent-child function and physical activity and television viewing was investigated among a national sample of adolescents in the United States. Parent-child function was measured using the National Survey of Children's Health "Family Function" survey items and…

McManus, Beth M.; Mandic, Carmen Gomez; Carle, Adam C.; Robert, Stephanie A.

2012-01-01

26

Improving Healthcare for Children Entering Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that children in foster care are, perhaps, the most vulnerable children, healthcare for them has been lacking woefully for many years. A growing body of research has documented the need for such care as well as the failure of child welfare agencies to make major improvements in providing healthcare to foster children. Nonetheless,…

Risley-Curtiss, Christina; Stites, Belva

2007-01-01

27

MOLECULAR AND NEUROIMAGING FINDINGS IN PONTOCEREBELLAR HYPOPLASIA TYPE 2 (PCH2): IS PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS POSSIBLE?  

PubMed Central

The pontocerebellar hypoplasias (PCH) are a group of early-onset, autosomal recessive disorders resulting in abnormal growth and function of the brainstem and cerebellum. PCH type 2 (PCH2) is characterized by respiratory and feeding difficulties at birth, extrapyramidal dyskinesia, severe developmental impairment, progressive microcephaly and frequent death in childhood. Neuropathologic findings include diffuse cerebral gliosis with white matter changes, hypoplastic pons with depletion of neurons in the pontine nuclei, hypoplastic cerebellar hemispheres due to short cerebellar folia with poor branching, segmental loss of dentate, inferior olivary, and ventral pontine nuclei, and near absence of transverse pontine fibers with preservation of long fiber tracts and spinal anterior horn cells. On brain imaging, the cerebellar hemispheres appear very flat, and are more severely involved than the vermis. Most patients with PCH2 have mutations in TSEN54, with occasional mutations found in TSEN34 or TSEN2, genes that encode subunits of tRNA splicing endonuclease. Although this is a congenital disorder of pontocerebellar dysgenesis with fetal onset of neurodegeneration and symptoms at birth, prenatal imaging is unreliable in diagnosing this disorder in utero. We report on IVF dizygous twins with detailed prenatal imaging that failed to reveal any cerebellar abnormalities. Direct sequence analysis of TSEN54 showed homozygosity for c.919G>T, the common founder mutation in most PCH2 patients, and both parents were heterozygous for this mutation. We found no evidence of cerebellar dysgenesis on prenatal ultrasounds, but MRI tractography showed absence of pontine crossing fibers, a unique feature that might be useful for prenatal diagnosis of this condition. PMID:20803644

Graham, John M.; Spencer, Andrew H.; Grinberg, Inessa; Niesen, Charles E.; Platt, Lawrence D.; Maya, Marcel; Namavar, Yasmin; Baas, Frank; Dobyns, William B.

2010-01-01

28

76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. AGENCY...relinquishment from Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. of its...

2011-11-17

29

[Contribution of humanities and social sciences to the training of healthcare professionals in Africa: an experience in the context of the mother and child Priority Solidarity Fund].  

PubMed

The mother-and-child Priority Solidarity Fund is a programme supported by Coopération Française in the fields of health, higher education and new technologies. It aims to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of reducing maternal and infantile mortality. This programme, focused on the training of trainers, is developing two innovative plans: digital resources and the integration of the humanities and social sciences. This second aspect is decisive: by aligning content, skills, and needs, it can place greater emphasis on preventive care and give a real meaning to the work of trainers. PMID:24451432

Cauli, Marie

2013-01-01

30

Healthcare fundamentals.  

PubMed

In order for a trauma surgeon to have an intelligent discussion with hospital administrators, healthcare plans, policymakers, or any other physicians, a basic understanding of the fundamentals of healthcare is paramount. It is truly shocking how many surgeons are unable to describe the difference between Medicare and Medicaid or describe how hospitals and physicians get paid. These topics may seem burdensome but they are vital to all business decision making in the healthcare field. The following chapter provides further insight about what we call "the basics" of providing medical care today. Most of the topics presented can be applied to all specialties of medicine. It is broken down into 5 sections. The first section is a brief overview of government programs, their influence on care delivery and reimbursement, and past and future legislation. Section 2 focuses on the compliance, care provision, and privacy statutes that regulate physicians who care for Medicare/Medicaid patient populations. With a better understanding of these obligations, section 3 discusses avenues by which physicians can stay informed of current and pending health policy and provides ways that they can become involved in shaping future legislation. The fourth section changes gears slightly by explaining how the concepts of trade restraint, libel, antitrust legislation, and indemnity relate to physician practice. The fifth, and final, section ties all of components together by describing how physician-hospital alignment can be mutually beneficial in providing patient care under current healthcare policy legislation. PMID:24918828

Kauk, Justin; Hill, Austin D; Althausen, Peter L

2014-07-01

31

GLOBAL HEALTHCARE TECHNOLOGIES  

E-print Network

GLOBAL HEALTHCARE TECHNOLOGIES SOUTH AFRICA International Program Development · Northwestern in resource-poor environments, particularly the townships of Cape Town. While learning about healthcare needs. COURSES: ·Healthcare Technology in Resource Poor Environments · Healthcare Technology Assessment

Shahriar, Selim

32

[Youth Healthcare guideline 'Skin disorders'].  

PubMed

There is a high incidence of skin disorders; these are also frequently encountered within Youth Healthcare (YHC). Some skin disorders are caused by an underlying disease, syndrome or child abuse. Therefore, detection of these causes in an early stage is important. Skin disorders can have a huge psychosocial impact on both child and parents. This is one of the reasons why prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, referral, and uniform advice and guidance are of great importance. The YHC Guideline examines counselling and advice, criteria for referral to primary or secondary healthcare, and skincare in general. It also describes the disorders that should be actively detected. The Guideline also looks at specific aspects of dark skins and ethnic diversity, and the impact of skin disorders on general wellbeing. The accompanying web-based tool includes argumentation and opinions from experts on more than 75 skin disorders, including illustrations and decision trees, to aid the drawing up of a treatment plan. PMID:23151335

Deurloo, Jacqueline A; van Gameren-Oosterom, Helma B M; Kamphuis, Mascha

2012-01-01

33

Synthesis, characterizations, and crystal structure of a novel layered phosphonate: Zn 2Cl[O 3PCH 2N(CH 2CH 2) 2O][O 3PCH 2NH(CH 2CH 2) 2O  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel layered zinc phosphonate, Zn2Cl[O3PCH2N(CH2CH2)2O][O3PCH2NH(CH2CH2)2O] 1 has been synthesized by hydrothermal reaction at 180°C and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction as well as with infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. The interconnection of Zn(1)O4, Zn(2)O2NCl and CPO3 tetrahedra via corner-sharing forms a double layer structure with a channel system along b-axis direction. The result of connections

Yan-Yu Zhu; Jing Li; Zhen-Gang Sun; Jing Zhang; Yan Zhao; Na Zhang; Lei Liu; Xin Lu

2009-01-01

34

Lean Healthcare Songklanagarind Healthcare Production System  

E-print Network

Lean Healthcare .. #12;Songklanagarind Healthcare Production System QCDSME Just in time Jidoka;Spaghetti diagramSpaghetti diagram #12;Nurse Cell #12;#12;: Defect () healthcare · · M di ti E REDUCTION 1 (one piece Flow) 1 (one piece Flow) 1 Batch in healthcare · · #12;#12;#12; Botox

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

35

Identification of a candidate gene for the wheat endopeptidase Ep-D1 locus and two other STS markers linked to the eyespot resistance gene Pch1  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Wheat is prone to strawbreaker foot rot (eye- spot), a fungal disease caused by Oculimacula yallundae and O. acuformis. The most effective source of genetic resistance is Pch1, a gene derived from Aegilops ventri- cosa. The endopeptidase isozyme marker allele Ep-D1b, linked to Pch1, has been shown t...

36

Healthcare Financing and Funding  

E-print Network

Healthcare Financing and Funding #12;Objectives Who pays for healthcare How the present healthcare system is shaped by healthcare economic history ReThink Health Core Principles Systems approach, No Mission #12;What makes paying for healthcare different? 1. Need vs. Want 2. Unpredictability of Need

Oklahoma, University of

37

Student Affairs HEALTHCARE SERVICES  

E-print Network

Student Affairs HEALTHCARE SERVICES ON AND OFF CAMPUS BINGHAMTON.EDU/HEALTH The Decker Student Services Center building. Coverage for healthcare services on and off campus can be complicated in the Binghamton community UNITED HEALTHCARE STUDENT RESOURCES -- The

Suzuki, Masatsugu

38

GE Healthcare Antibody Purification  

E-print Network

GE Healthcare Antibody Purification Handbook GE Healthcare imagination at work agination at work from GE Healthcare #12;Antibody Purification Handbook #12; Handbook 18-1037-46 AD Contents Introduction

Lebendiker, Mario

39

Factors Affecting Mothers' Healthcare-Seeking Behaviour for Childhood Illnesses in a Rural Nigerian Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appropriate healthcare-seeking behaviour could prevent a significant number of child deaths and complications due to ill health. Improving mothers' care-seeking behaviour could also contribute in reducing a large number of child morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This article aims to determine factors affecting healthcare-seeking…

Abdulraheem, I. S.; Parakoyi, D. B.

2009-01-01

40

A comparison of four scoring methods based on the parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as used in the Dutch preventive child health care system  

PubMed Central

Background Validated questionnaires can support the identification of psychosocial problems by the Preventive Child Health Care (PCH) system. This study assesses the validity and added value of four scoring methods used with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for the identification of psychosocial problems among children aged 7–12 by the PCH. Methods We included 711 (of 814) children (response: 87%) aged 7–12 undergoing routine health assessments in nine PCH services across the Netherlands. Child health professionals interviewed and examined children and parents. Prior to the interview, parents completed the SDQ and the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), which were not shown to the professionals. The CBCL and data about the child's current treatment status were used as criteria for the validity of the SDQ. We used four SDQ scoring approaches: an elevated SDQ Total Difficulties Score (TDS), parent-defined difficulties, an elevated score for emotional symptoms, conduct problems or hyperactivity in combination with a high impairment score, and a combined score: an elevated score for any of these three methods. Results The Cohen's Kappa ranged from 0.33 to 0.64 for the four scoring methods with the CBCL scores and treatment status, generally indicating a moderate to good agreement. All four methods added significantly to the identification of problems by the PCH. Classification based on the TDS yielded results similar to more complicated methods. Conclusion The SDQ is a valid tool for the identification of psychosocial problems by PCH. As a first step, the use of a simple classification based on the SDQ TDS is recommended. PMID:18394152

Crone, Mathilde R; Vogels, Anton GC; Hoekstra, Femke; Treffers, Philip DA; Reijneveld, Sijmen A

2008-01-01

41

Possibilities for Healthcare Computing  

E-print Network

Advances in computing technology promise to aid in achieving the goals of healthcare. We review how such changes can support each of the goals of healthcare as identified by the U.S. Institute of Medicine: safety, ...

Szolovits, Peter

42

Mapping healthcare information technology  

E-print Network

In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

Crawford, William Charles Richards

2010-01-01

43

Encyclopedia of Healthcare  

E-print Network

:"Thisbookprovidesanextensiveandrichcompilationofinternationalresearch,discussingtheuse,adoption,design,anddiffusionofinformation communication technologies (ICTs) in healthcare, including the role of ICTs in the future of healthcare delivery in health and biomedical engineering.Theseapplicationshavehelpedindiagnos- tics, patient care, and remote

Carvalho, João Luiz

44

Communicating with Healthcare Professionals  

MedlinePLUS

Communicating with Healthcare Professionals Updated:Feb 23,2012 Adapted from the National Family Caregivers Association A lot can be gained by improving communication between family caregivers and healthcare professionals. Positive outcomes include: Better care for the ...

45

Healthcare Agents: Being One  

MedlinePLUS

... Preparing Your Advance Directives Storing Your Advance Directives Healthcare Agents: Being One Advocating for your loved one ... will be to communicate with your loved ones healthcare providers to ensure your loved ones wishes are ...

46

Fraud Detection in Healthcare  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the problem of fraud detection in healthcare in this chapter. Given the recent scrutiny of the ineciencies in the US healthcare system, identifying fraud has been on the forefront of the eorts towards reducing the healthcare costs. In this chapter we will focus on understanding the issue of healthcare fraud in detail, and review methods that have been proposed in the literature to combat this issue using data driven approach.

Chandola, Varun [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL

2015-01-01

47

Healthcare MBA Prepare to Find Healthcare Management Solutions  

E-print Network

Healthcare MBA onLine #12;Prepare to Find Healthcare Management Solutions Healthcare is changing, and so are the demands on healthcare leaders. The George Washington University Healthcare MBA online prepares ambitious and visionary healthcare providers with advanced knowledge and skills to make sound

Vertes, Akos

48

Healthcare. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary highlights several findings about healthcare. These are: (1) Healthcare is 18 percent of the U.S. economy, twice as high as in other countries; (2) There are two labor markets in healthcare: high-skill, high-wage professional and technical jobs and low-skill, low-wage support jobs; (3) Demand for postsecondary education in…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

49

Healthcare Management & Insurance Studies  

E-print Network

Healthcare Management & Insurance Studies MINOR IN The Health Care field is a growth industry 06269 Required · Introduction to Healthcare Management · Health Care Industry Analysis Choose three courses from the below: · Health and Social Insurance · Healthcare Financial and Human Resource Management

Alpay, S. Pamir

50

Codeon Interactions with Healthcare  

E-print Network

Codeon Interactions with Healthcare Professionals #12;#12;Table of Contents Preamble 1 Basis 7 Speaker Programs and Speaker Training Meetings 8 Healthcare Professionals Who Are Members and healthier lives. Ethical relationships with healthcare professionals are critical to our mission of helping

Chapman, Michael S.

51

A Historical Perspective on National Child Mental Health Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces historical attempts to form a comprehensive child mental health policy in the United States and discusses the latest unsuccessful attempts at the creation of such a policy through the managed behavioral healthcare revolution and the Child and Adolescent Service System Program and Child Mental Health Services initiative.…

Lourie, Ira S.; Hernandez, Mario

2003-01-01

52

Recurrent paroxysmal cold haemoglobinuria in a 3-year-old child: a case report.  

PubMed

We present the case of a 3-year-old girl who presented on two separate occasions, eight months apart, with typical features of paroxysmal cold haemoglobinuria (PCH). On each occasion, she suffered malaise and fever with dark urine following an upper respiratory tract infection. She developed severe anaemia and required transfusion of red cells on both occasions, although each time she made a quick recovery. She was found to be direct antiglobulin test-positive with anti-C3d, and agglutination was observed on the blood film. A biphasic Donath-Landsteiner antibody was demonstrated. The specificity of the antibody was not identified, although it was not anti-P. As far as we are aware, recurrence of acute PCH in a child has not been previously reported in the literature. PMID:14617344

Taylor, C J C; Neilson, J R; Chandra, D; Ibrahim, Z

2003-10-01

53

Semantic interoperability in healthcare.  

PubMed

The improved understanding of the whole healthcare and wellbeing pathway for individuals depends on the power of healthcare information, being made readily available and easily interpretable by both humans and machines. In the centre of this challenge lies the concept of interoperability, as a way to provide fundamental linkage, integration and meaningful use of healthcare data between systems, organisations and users. In particular, semantic interoperability can offer a way of enriching healthcare data with context and meaning, in order to achieve enhanced understanding and better evidence-based interpretation of disease and wellbeing for an individual, within the context of healthcare provision and clinical research. In this keynote paper, the concept of semantic interoperability, for healthcare data linkage and exchange, is critically discussed. An emphasis is given on the importance of clinical terminologies and associated services, as means for adding meaning to routinely collected clinical data. PMID:25000001

Arvanitis, Theodoros N

2014-01-01

54

Healthcare financing in Malaysia.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of the Malaysian healthcare system and its method of financing. The development of the healthcare delivery system in Malaysia is commendable. However, the strength and weaknesses of the public healthcare system and the financing problems encountered are also discussed. Cost of healthcare and funding of both the public and private sectors were also revealed. One must optimise the advantages of operating a health financing scheme which is affordable and controllable which contribute towards cost-containment and quality assurance. Thus, there is a need for the establishment of a National Healthcare Financing, a mechanism to sustain the healthcare delivery network and operate it as a viable option. A model of the National Health Financing Scheme (NHFS) was proposed. PMID:12597514

Kananatu, K

2002-01-01

55

Measuring Value in Healthcare  

E-print Network

A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...

Gardner, Christopher

2008-01-01

56

Healthcare Information Framework.  

PubMed

CEN committee TC 251 Medical Informatics, has set up a project team charged with producing a European pre-standard ENV on Healthcare Information Framework (HIF). The HIF is based on abstraction from a specific information system architecture to a reference architecture and further to a conceptual architectural framework based on serving open, distributed and heterogeneous healthcare enterprises. To specify the suitable healthcare information system architecture modelling of the healthcare enterprise is required. As there is no one method serving all needs, the HIF gives guidance on what aspects to look at in selecting a suitable modelling method. It is expected that the work will be completed by early 1995. PMID:7601549

Saranummi, N; Demeester, M; Fernandez Perez de Talens, A; Harrington, J; Heimly, V; de la Riva Grandal, J M; Taylor, J

1995-04-01

57

Studies of the oxovanadium-organophosphonate system. The synthesis and crystal structure of (Et 3NH) 2 [(VO) 2(acac) 2(O 3PCH 2PO 3)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reaction of [VO(acac)2], methylenediphosphonic acid and triethylamine in acetonitrile at 110°C for 60 h yields (Et3NH)2-[(VO)2(acac)2(O3PCH2PO3)] (1). The structure of 1 consists of two {VO(acac)} moieties linked by a methylenediphosphonate group in the bisbidentate bridging mode. The {(VO)2(O3PCH2PO3)} core of 1 provides a fundamental structural motif for one-dimensional oxovanadium methylenediphosphonate phases. Crystal data: C23H48N2O12P2V2: orthorhombic P22121, a = 9.767(2),

Jose Salta; Jon Zubieta

1996-01-01

58

Healthcare Service Use and Costs for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comparison between Medicaid and Private Insurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthcare costs and service use for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were compared between Medicaid and private insurance, using 2003 insurance claims data in 24 states. In terms of costs and service use per child with ASD, Medicaid had higher total healthcare costs (22,653 vs. 5,254), higher ASD-specific costs (7,438 vs. 928), higher psychotropic…

Wang, Li; Mandell, David S.; Lawer, Lindsay; Cidav, Zuleyha; Leslie, Douglas L.

2013-01-01

59

Simulation in Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how engineering design is applied to solve healthcare problems by using an engineering tool called simulation. While engineering design is commonly used to study and design everything from bridges, factories, airports to space shuttles, the use of engineering design to study healthcare administration and delivery is a relatively new concept.

STARS GK-12 Program,

60

Healthcare. State Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

61

What the Medical Records Revolution Means to Your Special Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As every exceptional parent knows, the needs of a special child are, simply put, special. For every area of life, an extra amount of thought and care must be taken--whether it is education, traveling considerations, and, especially, healthcare. However, it is in the area of healthcare that parents say they face the most challenge. For years,…

Dorsett, Tom

2008-01-01

62

Electronics for better healthcare.  

PubMed

Microelectronics and microsystem technology have changed our daily lives considerably in the past 50 years. Countless everyday objects contain microelectronic components. In healthcare up to the present, however, it has not been possible to make major alterations in introducing electronics and information technology that would lead to innovative improvements and greater transparency. This paper describes initial steps in diagnostics and oncological therapy including telematic healthcare systems which can, for example, assist patients with cardiovascular diseases and shows, through these areas, how electronics and microsystems technology can contribute to better healthcare. PMID:23702983

Wolf, Bernhard; Herzog, Karolin

2013-06-01

63

Healthcare Science Is Healthcare Science right for me?  

E-print Network

Healthcare Science Is Healthcare Science right for me? If you are interested in caring for people and want to be able to provide specialised help to those who need it then Healthcare Science is a subject you should strongly consider. The skills you can gain from a degree in Healthcare Science are wide

Harman, Neal.A.

64

Condoms and Healthcare professionals.  

E-print Network

?? Alarming S.T.I’s percentages and low condom use motivated this research. Healthcare professional’s risk-behavior and attitudes towards risk-behavior were reviewed. Three hypotheses, aimed to test… (more)

van Vliet, Esther

2011-01-01

65

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

66

Expect the Best for Your Child's Dental Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many parents of children with special healthcare needs come upon dental care for their child out of necessity or urgency. In order to make the relationship most beneficial, the preferred way is to establish a Dental Home during the child's infancy. The Dental Home is the oral health corollary of the Medical Home concept that the American…

Casamassimo, Paul

2007-01-01

67

Centre for Research on the Child and Family  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Analysing child deaths and serious injury through abuse and neglect: What can we learn? Biennial with abuse or neglect using administrative healthcare recordsCentre for Research on the Child and Family Annual Report 2008 #12;#12;Centre for Research

Feigon, Brooke

68

Healthcare Software Assurance  

PubMed Central

Software assurance is a rigorous, lifecycle phase-independent set of activities which ensure completeness, safety, and reliability of software processes and products. This is accomplished by guaranteeing conformance to all requirements, standards, procedures, and regulations. These assurance processes are even more important when coupled with healthcare software systems, embedded software in medical instrumentation, and other healthcare-oriented life-critical systems. The current Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory requirements and guidance documentation do not address certain aspects of complete software assurance activities. In addition, the FDA’s software oversight processes require enhancement to include increasingly complex healthcare systems such as Hospital Information Systems (HIS). The importance of complete software assurance is introduced, current regulatory requirements and guidance discussed, and the necessity for enhancements to the current processes shall be highlighted. PMID:17238324

Cooper, Jason G.; Pauley, Keith A.

2006-01-01

69

Characteristics of healthcare wastes  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive understanding of the quantities and characteristics of the material that needs to be managed is one of the most basic steps in the development of a plan for solid waste management. In this case, the material under consideration is the solid waste generated in healthcare facilities, also known as healthcare waste. Unfortunately, limited reliable information is available in the open literature on the quantities and characteristics of the various types of wastes that are generated in healthcare facilities. Thus, sound management of these wastes, particularly in developing countries, often is problematic. This article provides information on the quantities and properties of healthcare wastes in various types of facilities located in developing countries, as well as in some industrialized countries. Most of the information has been obtained from the open literature, although some information has been collected by the authors and from reports available to the authors. Only data collected within approximately the last 15 years and using prescribed methodologies are presented. The range of hospital waste generation (both infectious and mixed solid waste fractions) varies from 0.016 to 3.23 kg/bed-day. The relatively wide variation is due to the fact that some of the facilities surveyed in Ulaanbaatar include out-patient services and district health clinics; these facilities essentially provide very basic services and thus the quantities of waste generated are relatively small. On the other hand, the reported amount of infectious (clinical, yellow bag) waste varied from 0.01 to 0.65 kg/bed-day. The characteristics of the components of healthcare wastes, such as the bulk density and the calorific value, have substantial variability. This literature review and the associated attempt at a comparative analysis point to the need for worldwide consensus on the terms and characteristics that describe wastes from healthcare facilities. Such a consensus would greatly facilitate comparative analyses among different facilities, studies and countries.

Diaz, L.F. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States)], E-mail: ludiaz@calrecovery.com; Eggerth, L.L. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States); Enkhtsetseg, Sh. [Ministry of Health, Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia); Savage, G.M. [CalRecovery, Inc., Concord, California (United States)

2008-07-01

70

Factors influencing healthcare service quality  

PubMed Central

Background: The main purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence healthcare quality in the Iranian context. Methods: Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 222 healthcare stakeholders including healthcare providers, managers, policy-makers, and payers to identify factors affecting the quality of healthcare services provided in Iranian healthcare organisations. Results: Quality in healthcare is a production of cooperation between the patient and the healthcare provider in a supportive environment. Personal factors of the provider and the patient, and factors pertaining to the healthcare organisation, healthcare system, and the broader environment affect healthcare service quality. Healthcare quality can be improved by supportive visionary leadership, proper planning, education and training, availability of resources, effective management of resources, employees and processes, and collaboration and cooperation among providers. Conclusion: This article contributes to healthcare theory and practice by developing a conceptual framework that provides policy-makers and managers a practical understanding of factors that affect healthcare service quality. PMID:25114946

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad

2014-01-01

71

Technology: Enabling Healthcare Microsoft and Health IT Public Policy and Healthcare Likeotherbreakthroughsinmedicineoverthelastfewhundredyears,breakthroughsintechnology  

E-print Network

Technology: Enabling Healthcare Microsoft and Health IT Public Policy and Healthcare Likeotherbreakthroughsinmedicineoverthelastfewhundredyears,breakthroughsintechnology have the potential to revolutionize healthcare. Advances in genomics of healthcare costs. Specifically, these technology advances will: · Offer healthcare professionals the data

Narasayya, Vivek

72

Your Heart Failure Healthcare Team  

MedlinePLUS

Your Heart Failure Healthcare Team Updated:Sep 2,2014 Patients with heart failure may work with multiple healthcare professionals. It's ... during their journey. Visit our Support Network today . Heart Failure Questions to Ask Your Doctor Use these questions ...

73

Recommended Vaccines for Healthcare Workers  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines for Adults Share Compartir Recommended Vaccines for Healthcare Workers On this Page Published Recommendations State Immunization ... for More Information Resources for Those Vaccinating HCWs Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk for exposure to ...

74

GE Healthcare Life Sciences  

E-print Network

GE Healthcare Life Sciences imagination at work magination at work Protein Sample Preparation and Methods 28-9624-00 Strategies for Protein Purification Handbook 28-9833-31 #12;28-9887-41 AA 1 Protein Sample Preparation Handbook #12;2 28-9887-41 AA Contents Introduction

Lebendiker, Mario

75

Untangling healthcare competition.  

PubMed

Traditional approaches to competition may be inappropriate for healthcare providers. Neoclassical economics makes the implicit assumption that a single actor embodies consumption, compensation, and benefit from a transaction. In healthcare, this assumption does not hold. Instead, such actions are accomplished by three separate actors--consumers (physicians), customers (third-party payers), and clients (patients). A hospital simultaneously competes in three arenas. Hospitals compete for physicians along a technological dimension. Competition for third-party payers takes on a financial dimension. Hospitals compete for patients along a marketing dimension. Because of the complex marketplace interactions among hospital, patient, physician, and third-party payer, the role of price in controlling behavior is difficult to establish. The dynamics underlying the hospital selection decision--that is, the decision maker's expectations of services and the convenience of accessing services--must also be considered. Healthcare managers must understand the interrelationships involved in the three-pronged competitive perspective for several reasons. This perspective clarifies the multiple facets of competition a hospital faces. It also disentangles the actions previously fulfilled by the traditional single buyer. It illuminates the critical skills underlying the competition for each audience. Finally, it defines the primary criterion each audience uses in sorting among hospitals. Recognition of the multifaceted nature of competition among healthcare providers will help demystify market behavior and thereby improve internal organizational communication systems, managers' ability to focus on appropriate activities, and the hospital's ability to adapt to changing market conditions. PMID:10129792

Harris, I C; McDaniel, R R

1993-11-01

76

Virtual Reality in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our modern 21st century, daily life would be unthinkable without computers. Multimedia and virtual reality are useful for\\u000a people with special needs. This chapter presents a general overview of the use of virtual reality in medical informatics,\\u000a rehabilitation and assistive & preventive healthcare.

Cecília Sik Lányi

77

Healthcare Policy Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis: COMPARE  

E-print Network

Healthcare Policy Analysis Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis: COMPARE Challenge Decision and Information Sciences Division Modeling, Simulation, and Visualization Group Healthcare and possible healthcare reform are important issues for the American public, the healthcare industry, policy analysts

78

imagination at work GE Healthcare  

E-print Network

imagination at work GE Healthcare Data File 28-9662-37 AA Custom Designed Media VIIISelect Electric Company. Capto is a trademark of GE Healthcare Companies. All third party trademarks within GE Healthcare which supplies them. A copy of these terms and conditions is available on request

Lebendiker, Mario

79

Trustworthiness of Pervasive Healthcare Folders  

E-print Network

Chapter IX Trustworthiness of Pervasive Healthcare Folders Tristan Allard University of Versailles with the objective to increase the quality of care while decreasing its cost. Pervasive healthcare aims itself at making healthcare information securely available anywhere and anytime, even in disconnected environments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Integrated Decision Making in Healthcare  

E-print Network

Integrated Decision Making in Healthcare An Operations Research and Management Science Perspective Peter J.H. Hulshof #12;Integrated Decision Making in Healthcare An Operations Research and Management and Logistics (No. D-172) Industrial Engineering and Business Information Systems Center for Healthcare

Boucherie, Richard J.

81

Your Lifeline for Healthcare Help  

E-print Network

Your Lifeline for Healthcare Help Get cost estimates You'll receive comparable costs of common'll also locate the right hospitals, dentists and other leading healthcare providers anywhere with eldercare We address senior issues such as Medicare and related healthcare issues facing your parents

Maranas, Costas

82

magination at work GE Healthcare  

E-print Network

magination at work GE Healthcare Life Sciences imagination at work Multimodal Chromatography Handbook #12;Handbooks from GE Healthcare Life Sciences For more information refer to www.gelifesciences.com/handbooks 2-D Electrophoresis Principles and Methods GE Healthcare Life Sciences 2-D Electrophoresis using

Lebendiker, Mario

83

GE Healthcare Product Guide 2007  

E-print Network

GE Healthcare BioProcess Product Guide 2007 #12;How to contact us Europe www 3272 741 299 F: +7 3272 754 243 Email: vitas@nursat.kz GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences AB Björkgatan 30 SE-751 84 Uppsala Sweden T: +46 (0) 18 612 00 00 F: +46 (0) 18 612 18 00 GE Healthcare Europe Gmb

Lebendiker, Mario

84

imagination at work GE Healthcare  

E-print Network

imagination at work GE Healthcare Data File 28-9207-54 AA Custom Designed Media AVB Sepharose High is a trademarks of GE Healthcare Companies. All third party trademarks are the property of their respective owners are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale of the company within GE Healthcare which supplies

Lebendiker, Mario

85

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

86

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... child treated for any bites, especially dog bites, right away. Let your child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling ... Ask your child’s doctor first if this is right for your baby. Your child’s doctor or nurse may tell you how to ...

87

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually ... Communication Other Approaches to Discipline Aggressive Behavior Talking to Your ... Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental ...

88

Innovation Concepts in Healthcare  

ScienceCinema

AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today?s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the ?industrialization? of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens? Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

None

2011-04-25

89

Achoo Gateway to Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Achoo, provided by MNI Systems Corporation, aims to be a comprehensive catalog of healthcare sites. It is organized in a subject hierarchy beginning with human life, practice of medicine, and business of health, and continues with many sub-hierarchies. Each site contains a brief annotation. The directory is searchable. At present Achoo contains thousands of sites. Achoo resembles Yahoo! in construction, and navigation is similar.

90

Innovation Concepts in Healthcare  

SciTech Connect

AbstractDemographic change and advances in medical science pose increased challenges to healthcare systems globally: The economic basis is aging and thus health is becoming more and more a productivity factor. At the same time, with today’s new communication possibilities the demand and expectations of effective medical treatment have been increased. This presentation will illustrate the need for the “industrialization” of healthcare in order to achieve highest results at limited budgets. Thereby, industrialization is not meaning the medical treatment based on the assembly line approach. Rather it is to recognize the cost of medical care as an investment with respective expectations on the return of the investment. Innovations in imaging and pharmaceutical products as well as in processes - that lead to similar medical results, but with lower efforts - are keys in such scenarios.BiographyProf. Dr. Hermann Requardt, 54, is a member of the Managing Board of Siemens AG and Chief Executive Officer of the Healthcare Sector. In addition he is the CTO of Siemens AG and Head of Corporate Technology, the central research department at Siemens.After completing his studies in physics and philosophy at the Darmstadt University of Technology and Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and receiving a doctorate in biophysics, he worked at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center.In 1984 he joined the Medical Technology Group of Siemens AG, where he was responsible for projects in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) division. He was appointed head of the division in 1995. From 2001 to 2006, as a member of the Executive Management of the Medical Solutions Group, he was responsible for several areas, including technological development.In 2006 he became a Member of the Siemens’ Managing Board and head of Corporate Technology. He was additionally appointed as the Sector Healthcare CEO in 2008.Since 2006 he is an honorary professor in physics of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.                                                                                

None

2011-01-06

91

Healthcare Systems and Motivation  

PubMed Central

Despite the fact that most American physicians, at least until around the 1970s, stood in the way of developing a universal healthcare system, most are generally not happy with the current state of healthcare – or its lack thereof – today. The primary reasons for this general unhappiness are that insurance companies and managed care have successfully conspired to remove much of the physician's autonomy (via imposed time constraints, burdensome paperwork, the time-consuming chore of having to defend going against stringent treatment algorithms that are often inappropriate for some patients) and the satisfaction of knowing their patients. Few physicians in managed care organizations (MCOs) are able to practice without constant and blindly algorithmic interference concerning the diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions they order. As copayments have increased, they often find that patients, even though “covered,” cannot afford the therapy they deem necessary. While physicians expect to earn sufficient to pay back their not insignificant educational debts, provide their children with help through college, and assure retirements sufficient for themselves and their spouses, these should not be considered unreasonable expectations. Most physicians today do favor universal healthcare – to the point of having included such language in their various professional codes of ethics (which, perversely enough, bioethicists as a group have failed to do). Contrary to the claims of our colleagues, Altom and Churchill, physicians seem to be genuinely frustrated as to what else they can do to change the current inequitable system. PMID:17435646

Loewy, Erich H.

2007-01-01

92

Child Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Uprooted Children Threatened by Exploitation" (Bonnet); "Child of the Wind" (Roess); "At the Fishing School with the Sampaneers" (Bertrand); and "The Street Kids of Nairobi: Surviving in the City" (Goodson). (SK)

Bonnet, Michel; And Others

1994-01-01

93

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... steps to keep your children safe: Install the right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test ...

94

Ethical issues in healthcare financing.  

PubMed

The four goals of good healthcare are to relieve symptoms, cure disease, prolong life and improve quality of life. Access to healthcare has been a perpetual challenge to healthcare providers who must take into account important factors such as equity, efficiency and effectiveness in designing healthcare systems to meet the four goals of good healthcare. The underlying philosophy may designate health as being a basic human right, an investment, a commodity to be bought and sold, a political demand or an expenditure. The design, policies and operational arrangements will usually reflect which of the above philosophies underpin the healthcare system, and consequently, access. Mechanisms for funding include fee-for-service, cost sharing (insurance, either private or government sponsored) free-of-fee at point of delivery (payments being made through general taxes, health levies, etc) or cost-recovery. For each of these methods of financial access to healthcare services, there are ethical issues which can compromise the four principles of ethical practices in healthcare, viz beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice. In times of economic recession, providing adequate healthcare will require governments, with support from external agencies, to focus on poverty reduction strategies through provision of preventive services such as immunization and nutrition, delivered at primary care facilities. To maximize the effect of such policies, it will be necessary to integrate policies to fashion an intersectoral approach. PMID:22097685

Maharaj, S R; Paul, T J

2011-07-01

95

The New England Healthcare Engineers' Society Presents Healthcare Engineering, Taken to New Heights  

E-print Network

The New England Healthcare Engineers' Society Presents Healthcare Engineering, Taken to New Heights Healthcare Engineers' Society is a professional organization whose traditions and continued success are based developments in healthcare facility management, design, operation and maintenance techniques. · To promote

Hayden, Nancy J.

96

UK HealthCare University of Kentucky  

E-print Network

UK HealthCare University of Kentucky 800 Rose St. Lexington KY 40536 RENEWALYour resource for the latest UK HealthCare construction and facilities news WINTER 2011 RENEWALYour resource for the latest UK HealthCare construction and facilities news In thIs Issue: UK HealthCare and Norton Healthcare officials

MacAdam, Keith

97

Information Technology and Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

98

Hydrothermal synthesis and structure of a three-dimensional trimetallic oxide, Na 2[CuV 2O 2(H 2O) 2(O 3PCH 2PO 3) 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrothermal reaction of Cu(II), Na3VO4, and methylenediphosphonic acid provided a trimetallic hybrid oxide, Na2[CuV2O2(H2O)2(O3PCH2PO3)2] (1). The structure consists of a three-dimensional {CuV2O2(H2O)2(O3PCH2PO3)2}n-2n framework with charge-compensating Na+ cations entrained within the void spaces. The compound is paramagnetic, and the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility was fit to the Curie–Weiss law. The effective magnetic moment of 2.92?B at room temperature

Gundog Yucesan; Vladimir Golub; Charles J. O’Connor; Jon Zubieta

2006-01-01

99

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... may also do the procedure using a special video camera. A surgical cut in the back is ...

100

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

101

Globalization of Healthcare  

PubMed Central

Globalization—the increasing transnational circulation of money, goods, people, ideas, and information worldwide—is generally recognized as one of the most powerful forces shaping our current and future history. How is it affecting healthcare, and in that context, what is the purpose and significance of Global Advances in Health and Medicine (GAHM), publisher of this journal? Our goal is not homogenization but rather to provide an opportunity for integration, convergence, and collaboration across cultures. By respecting and conserving the richness and diversity of each new medicine, we embrace globalization. Globalization is of course not new; it began in the Renaissance and particularly with the 15th- and 16th-century voyages of exploration by Columbus, Magellan, and others. Since the beginning of time, there have been interactions and exchanges among different peoples and cultures. However, the current magnitude of globalization is unprecedented and yet still expanding rapidly. PMID:24278809

2012-01-01

102

Technology and healthcare costs  

PubMed Central

Medicine in the 21st century is increasingly dependent on technology. Unlike in many other areas, the cost of medical technology is not declining and its increasing use contributes to the spiraling healthcare costs. Many medical professionals equate progress in medicine to increasing use of sophisticated technology that is often expensive and beyond the reach of the average citizen. Pediatric heart care is very technology-intensive and therefore very expensive and beyond the reach of the vast majority of children in the developing world. There is an urgent need to address this situation through development and use of appropriate technology in accordance with the needs and priorities of the society. A number of simple and inexpensive quality measures that have the potential of improving outcomes substantially without the need for expensive equipment should be instituted before embracing high-end technology. Innovations to reduce costs that are commonly used in limited resource environments should be tested systematically. PMID:21677816

Kumar, R Krishna

2011-01-01

103

Practical Ways Psychotherapy Can Support Physical Healthcare Experiences for Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many survivors of child sexual abuse who engage in psychotherapy also experience physical health problems. This article summarizes the findings of a multiphased qualitative study about survivors' experiences in healthcare settings. The study informed the development of the "Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Practitioners: Lessons from…

Hovey, Angela; Stalker, Carol A.; Schachter, Candice L.; Teram, Eli; Lasiuk, Gerri

2011-01-01

104

Information Security Management of Healthcare System.  

E-print Network

??Information security has significant role in Healthcare organizations. The Electronic Health Record (EHR) with patient’s information is considered as very sensitive in Healthcare organization. Sensitive… (more)

Mahmood, Ashrafullah

2010-01-01

105

Healthcare information portal: a web technology for the healthcare community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telemedicine technology already provides tremendous social benefits. A comprehensive, Web-based healthcare information portal would be a major further advancement. This article discusses the need for developing such a portal, proposes a framework, and analyses its benefits and challenges.

David C. Chou; Amy Y. Chou

2002-01-01

106

The IBM Health Integration Framework: Accelerating solutions for smarter healthcare  

E-print Network

The IBM Health Integration Framework: Accelerating solutions for smarter healthcare Healthcare provider edition IBM Healthcare Solutions To support your organization's objectives Healthcare #12;2 The IBM Health Integration Framework: Accelerating solutions for smarter healthcare Customers can quickly

107

Healthcare financing in Yemen.  

PubMed

Yemen is a low-middle-income country where more than half of the population live in rural areas and lack access to the most basic health care. At US$40 per capita, Yemen's annual total health expenditure (THE) is among the lowest worldwide. This study analyses the preconditions and options for implementing basic social health protection in Yemen. It reveals a four-tiered healthcare system characterised by high geographic and financial access barriers mainly for the poor. Out-of-pocket payments constitute 55% of THE, and cost-sharing exemption schemes are not well organised. Resource-allocation practices are inequitable because about 30% of THE gets spent on treatment abroad for a small number of patients, mainly from better-off families. Against the background of a lack of social health protection, a series of small-scale and often informal solidarity schemes have developed, and a number of public and private companies have set up health benefit schemes for their employees. Employment-based schemes usually provide reasonable health care at an average annual cost of YR44 000 (US$200) per employee. In contrast, civil servants contribute to a mandatory health-insurance scheme without receiving any additional health benefits in return. A number of options for initiating a pathway towards a universal health-insurance system are discussed. PMID:22532485

Holst, Jens; Gericke, Christian A

2012-01-01

108

Healthcare information technology and economics  

PubMed Central

At the 2011 American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) Winter Symposium we studied the overlap between health IT and economics and what leading healthcare delivery organizations are achieving today using IT that might offer paths for the nation to follow for using health IT in healthcare reform. We recognized that health IT by itself can improve health value, but its main contribution to health value may be that it can make possible new care delivery models to achieve much larger value. Health IT is a critically important enabler to fundamental healthcare system changes that may be a way out of our current, severe problem of rising costs and national deficit. We review the current state of healthcare costs, federal health IT stimulus programs, and experiences of several leading organizations, and offer a model for how health IT fits into our health economic future. PMID:22781191

Bates, David W; Berner, Eta S; Bernstam, Elmer V; Covvey, H Dominic; Frisse, Mark E; Graf, Thomas; Greenes, Robert A; Hoffer, Edward P; Kuperman, Gil; Lehmann, Harold P; Liang, Louise; Middleton, Blackford; Omenn, Gilbert S; Ozbolt, Judy

2013-01-01

109

Homebased healthcare : issues and challenges  

E-print Network

Healthcare costs in United States are projected to rise to 20% of GDP by 2015. This is a cause of major concern and current political debate. The largest contributor to this cost is the hospital cost accounting for 30 % ...

Nagpure, Prashant

2008-01-01

110

Lean Healthcare (product/service)  

E-print Network

Lean Healthcare .. #12; : : ( ) ) #12; #12; (product to thewhich are absolutely necessary to add value to the product." - Shoichiro Toyoda, President, Toyota #12 t · Product Defects #12; () · · · · · · · · #12; W iti () : Waiting

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

111

Occupational Outlook Handbook: Healthcare Occupations  

MedlinePLUS

... a nurse or other healthcare practitioner. Less than high school $20,820 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses ... workers, property, the environment, and the general public. High school diploma or equivalent $47,440 Occupational Therapists Occupational ...

112

ElizabethDeadman, CommunicationsManager(Healthcare)  

E-print Network

ElizabethDeadman, CommunicationsManager(Healthcare) RoomSJ012, BrunelUniversity, Kingston, and healthcare providers such as the NHS. MATCH operates an affiliate scheme that brings together healthcare-practice in healthcare technology assessment and user needs analysis. Joining the scheme will help you focus more

Oakley, Jeremy

113

Community healthcare in Israel: quality indicators 2007-2009  

PubMed Central

Background The National Program for Quality Indicators in Community Healthcare in Israel (QICH) was developed to provide policy makers and consumers with information on the quality of community healthcare in Israel. In what follows we present the most recent results of the QICH indicator set for 2009 and an examination of changes that have occurred since 2007. Methods Data for 28 quality indicators were collected from all four health plans in Israel for the years 2007-2009. The QICH indicator set examined six areas of healthcare: asthma, cancer screening, cardiovascular health, child health, diabetes and immunizations for older adults. Results Dramatic increases in the documentation of anthropometric measures were observed over the measurement period. Documentation of BMI for adolescents and adults increased by 30 percentage points, reaching rates of 61% and 70%, respectively, in 2009. Modest increases (3%-7%) over time were observed for other primary prevention quality measures including immunizations for older adults, cancer screening, anemia screening for young children, and documentation of cardiovascular risks. Overall, rates of recommended care for chronic diseases (asthma, cardiovascular disease and diabetes) increased over time. Changes in rates of quality care for diabetes were varied over the measurement period. Conclusions The overall quality of community healthcare in Israel has improved over the past three years. Future research should focus on the adherence to quality indicators in population subgroups and compare the QICH data with those in other countries. In addition, one of the next steps in assessing and further improving healthcare quality in Israel is to relate these process and performance indicators to health outcomes. PMID:22913466

2012-01-01

114

Factors influencing healthcare utilization among children with pneumonia in Muntinlupa City, the Philippines.  

PubMed

We evaluated the factors influencing healthcare utilization among children aged < 5 years with pneumonia symptoms in Muntinlupa City, the Philippines. We interviewed 1,330 caregivers from 190 households per district in seven districts from March to April, 2009 using a standardized questionnaire to obtain information about demographic characteristics, access to healthcare facilities, and potential barriers to healthcare utilization. The mean age of the children was 32 months; 54.7% were boys. Seventy-four point three percents (n = 972) of caregivers stated when their child had pneumonia symptoms they brought them to a government health center, 14.1% (n = 184) went to a private clinic, 8.0% (n = 104) went to a hospital, 3% (n = 40) were treated at home and 0.5% (n = 7) received traditional medicine from a local healer. Caregivers required an average of 12 minutes to reach a healthcare facility. Reasons given by caregivers for their choice of healthcare facility were low cost (47.5%), availability and accessibility to transportation (29.6%) and perceived good quality of care (16.5%). In conclusion, nearly three quarters of caregivers interviewed brought their child with pneumonia symptoms to a government health center for treatment. Cost was the main factor influencing choice, followed by transportation availability and quality of care. PMID:24974657

Kim, Soon Ae; Capeding, Maria Rosario Z; Kilgore, Paul E

2014-05-01

115

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... parents feel guilty or that it is their fault when their children get ill and need this ... It is normal to have some problems with your child’s ileostomy. Some common ones are: Your child may have trouble with ...

116

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

117

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... the Policy Statement > What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

118

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... The SLP will also help your child to learn proper speech production, including correct articulation of speech sounds. If you choose oral communication for your child, in addition to the speech language pathologist your child may also be treated by ...

119

Healthcare waste management in Asia  

SciTech Connect

The risks associated with healthcare waste and its management has gained attention across the world in various events, local and international forums and summits. However, the need for proper healthcare waste management has been gaining recognition slowly due to the substantial disease burdens associated with poor practices, including exposure to infectious agents and toxic substances. Despite the magnitude of the problem, practices, capacities and policies in many countries in dealing with healthcare waste disposal, especially developing nations, is inadequate and requires intensification. This paper looks upon aspects to drive improvements to the existing healthcare waste management situation. The paper places recommendation based on a 12 country study reflecting the current status. The paper does not advocate for any complex technology but calls for changes in mindset of all concerned stakeholders and identifies five important aspects for serious consideration. Understanding the role of governments and healthcare facilities, the paper also outlines three key areas for prioritized action for both parties - budget support, developing policies and legislation and technology and knowledge management.

Prem Ananth, A.; Prashanthini, V. [Environmental Engineering and Management Program, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand); Visvanathan, C., E-mail: visu@ait.ac.t [Environmental Engineering and Management Program, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)

2010-01-15

120

77 FR 4820 - Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Healthcare Infection Control Practices...Place: CDC, Global Communications Center, Building 19...Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion regarding...1) the practice of healthcare infection...

2012-01-31

121

76 FR 29756 - Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Healthcare Infection Control Practices...Place: CDC, Global Communications Center, Building 19...Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion regarding...1) The practice of healthcare infection...

2011-05-23

122

UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF HEALTHCARE IN THE  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF HEALTHCARE IN THE RURAL HEALTH NETWORKS OF FLORIDA ..........................................................................................................................1 Healthcare in Regional Economies ........................................................................................................................4 Healthcare Sector Definition

Florida, University of

123

Serial murder by healthcare professionals.  

PubMed

The prosecution of Charles Cullen, a nurse who killed at least 40 patients over a 16-year period, highlights the need to better understand the phenomenon of serial murder by healthcare professionals. The authors conducted a LexisNexis search which yielded 90 criminal prosecutions of healthcare providers that met inclusion criteria for serial murder of patients. In addition we reviewed epidemiologic studies, toxicology evidence, and court transcripts, to provide data on healthcare professionals who have been prosecuted between 1970 and 2006. Fifty-four of the 90 have been convicted; 45 for serial murder, four for attempted murder, and five pled guilty to lesser charges. Twenty-four more have been indicted and are either awaiting trial or the outcome has not been published. The other 12 prosecutions had a variety of legal outcomes. Injection was the main method used by healthcare killers followed by suffocation, poisoning, and tampering with equipment. Prosecutions were reported from 20 countries with 40% taking place in the United States. Nursing personnel comprised 86% of the healthcare providers prosecuted; physicians 12%, and 2% were allied health professionals. The number of patient deaths that resulted in a murder conviction is 317 and the number of suspicious patient deaths attributed to the 54 convicted caregivers is 2113. These numbers are disturbing and demand that systemic changes in tracking adverse patient incidents associated with presence of a specific healthcare provider be implemented. Hiring practices must shift away from preventing wrongful discharge or denial of employment lawsuits to protecting patients from employees who kill. PMID:17199622

Yorker, Beatrice Crofts; Kizer, Kenneth W; Lampe, Paula; Forrest, A R W; Lannan, Jacquetta M; Russell, Donna A

2006-11-01

124

Job satisfaction in health-care organizations  

PubMed Central

Job satisfaction among health-care professionals acquires significance for the purpose of maximization of human resource potential. This article is aimed at emphasizing importance of studying various aspects of job satisfaction in health-care organizations. PMID:23766585

Bhatnagar, Kavita; Srivastava, Kalpana

2012-01-01

125

SECURITY CHALLENGES IN A MOBILE HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENT  

E-print Network

, confidentiality, and integrity of sensitive patient information. Furthermore, security becomes even more criticalSECURITY CHALLENGES IN A MOBILE HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENT Eliana Stavrou, Andreas Pitsillides@ucy.ac.cy,Andreas.Pitsillides@ucy.ac.cy Keywords: Mobile security, Healthcare security, Mobile

Pitsillides, Andreas

126

Communication Issues in Pervasive Healthcare Systems and  

E-print Network

Chapter 10 Communication Issues in Pervasive Healthcare Systems and Applications Demosthenes provides a systematic analysis of the communication technologies used in healthcare and homecare Vouyioukas Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering, University of the Aegean

Vouyioukas, Demosthenes

127

Handovers and Interference Mitigation in Healthcare Environments  

E-print Network

Handovers and Interference Mitigation in Healthcare Environments N. Chevrollier, N. Montavont support medical and healthcare informatics applications. The main questions that we try to answer are: (1 local area network (WLAN) communication in the unlicensed bands, has focused the attention

128

[Fostering LGBT-Friendly Healthcare Services].  

PubMed

LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-friendly healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-friendly healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-friendly healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181

Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei

2015-02-01

129

Home Healthcare Medical Devices: A Checklist  

MedlinePLUS

... not using it. Contact your doctor and home healthcare team often to review your health condition. * Check ... assurance of their safety and effectiveness. A home healthcare medical device is any product or equipment used ...

130

8?Leadership Research in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter's purpose is to advance leadership research in the healthcare field in particular and in organizational studies more broadly. Based on a review of 60 empirical papers, we conclude that leadership is positively and significantly associated with individual work satisfaction, turnover, and performance. Despite these important results, however, we argue that researchers are missing opportunities to develop general leadership

Mattia J. Gilmartin; Thomas A. DAunno

2007-01-01

131

Abuses of the girl child in some African societies: implications for nurse practitioners.  

PubMed

The definition of a child in African societies varies. From the moment the girl child can talk and walk, she is allocated responsibilities within the family. Westernized cultures view such responsibilities as forms of abuse. Thus, various reports had been written about girl children and had been critical of African societies without acknowledging that Africa is a very large continent. This paper sets out to identify, explore, and present potential areas of abuse of the girl child, for example, female circumcision, child slaves, rape survivors, child soldiers, child prostitution, teenage pregnancy, and arranged marriages. This paper suggests strategies that healthcare professionals could initiate in situations where a girl child is being abused. PMID:16512869

Khalil, Doris Deedei

2006-01-01

132

DEAF HEALTHCARE SURVEY Are you 18 or older and Deaf?  

E-print Network

DEAF HEALTHCARE SURVEY Are you 18 or older and Deaf? Want to give feedback about your healthcare experiences? Take the DEAF HEALTHCARE SURVEY! ASL / sign language survey about the healthcare experiences

Goldman, Steven A.

133

INNOVATIONS IN HeAlTHcAre WHY HealtHcare?  

E-print Network

INNOVATIONS IN HeAlTHcAre #12;WHY HealtHcare? More than $2 trillion is spent each year on healthcare in the United States. the coming decade is certain to see advances in areas ranging from researchers direct their innovative energies to advancing healthcare every day. Faculty members have

Suzuki, Masatsugu

134

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

135

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

136

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

137

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

138

Maternal and Child nutrition  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child nutrition Earn an advanced degree in a highly specialized field Taught #12;Courses: Nutrition During Pregnancy Lactation and Infant Nutrition Child and Adolescent Nutrition Applied Research Methods in Maternal and Child Nutrition Topics in Epidemiology of Maternal and Child

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

139

Child Care Center APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

Harms, Kyle E.

140

The child dream and the child transference.  

PubMed

This paper explores the symbolic meaning of dreams in which children appear with special attention to the way children in dreams symbolize the self, particularly the dependent and developing self. It is suggested that patients' growth in analysis can be monitored by observing what happens to the children in their dreams. This paper also explores the vicissitudes of the child transference, in which the patient treats the analyst as a child. An analysis is described in which the child dream and the child transference played an important role in elucidating the patient's neurotic behaviors. The author contends that the child dream and the child transference are common and clinically useful phenomena, especially important in the analysis of dependency conflicts. An additional thesis of this paper is that the child transference is most likely to be found in instances where a patient played a parental role with one of their parents during childhood. PMID:2423576

De Francisco, D

1986-01-01

141

[Reflections on the development of maternal and child health in public health nursing in Taiwan].  

PubMed

Continued global economic difficulties and Taiwan's health insurance scheme have focused the domestic healthcare system excessively on medical treatments and made this system overly market-oriented. The NHI (national health insurance) Reimbursement Policy lacks adequate flexibility to adjust to current health needs. The situation constrains the medical service budget and causes nursing shortages in hospitals, which in turn marginalizes the public health nurses working at health centers. It is important for the government and professional associations to establish a public healthcare model that adequately meets the needs of the community. In addition to strengthening the role and function of public health nurses, a service model must be developed and piloted. This paper analyzes the situation and problem of maternal and child healthcare in Taiwan, studies the successful experiences of maternal and child healthcare from other counties, and then provides recommendations for the future development of public health nursing in Taiwan. PMID:24899555

Chen, Miao-Ching

2014-06-01

142

The future of the healthcare supply chain.  

PubMed

To achieve savings in the healthcare supply chain, healthcare organizations need to cooperate instead of compete. By forming a consolidated service center (CSC), healthcare organizations can centralize their contracting, procurement, distribution, and logistical operations. The CSC would enable organizations to improve efficiency and reduce costs. PMID:18441973

Parker, Jeff; DeLay, Dan

2008-04-01

143

HEALTHCARE COST AND UTILIZATION PROJECT (HCUP)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) is a family of healthcare databases and related software tools and products developed through a Federal-State-industry partnership and sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). HCUP databases bring toget...

144

AEDP & Healthcare Reform Dipti Patel, FSA, MAAA  

E-print Network

Cigna AEDP & Healthcare Reform Dipti Patel, FSA, MAAA March 19, 2012 #12; Introductions Introducing... Cigna An overview of the AEDP Healthcare Reform Questions and Answers Overview #12;Introductions #12;Introducing...Cigna Cigna: A Healthcare & Related Benefits Company · $21.3 billion in revenue

Hong, Don

145

CURAC/ARUCC Discussion Paper on Healthcare  

E-print Network

1 CURAC/ARUCC Discussion Paper on Healthcare December, 2012 CURAC/ARUCC (College and University college and university retirees across Canada. Forward Healthcare is always a continuing concern of universal healthcare for all Canadians and legal residents came with the passage by parliament

deYoung, Brad

146

Healthcare and Listening: A Relationship for Caring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The optimal relationship between healthcare provider and patient is one of trust. This therapeutic relationship is dependent on the ability of the healthcare provider to communicate effectively with the patient. Research indicates that when healthcare providers listen to patients, there is more compliance with medical regimens, patient…

Davis, Janis; Foley, Amy; Crigger, Nancy; Brannigan, Michael C.

2008-01-01

147

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE  

E-print Network

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE: Case Studies from a Focused for funding during the first two competitions of the ATP's Information Infrastructure for Healthcare (IIH for funding during the first two competitions of the ATP Information Infrastructure for Healthcare (IIH

148

TOMORROW'S HEALTHCARE STARTS HERE THE MEDICAL COLLEGE  

E-print Network

TOMORROW'S HEALTHCARE STARTS HERE #12;THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN IS MORE THAN A MEDICAL SCHOOL. IT'S WHERE THE FUTURE OF HEALTHCARE BEGINS. It's where strategies are launched to ensure families have access to quality healthcare. It's where a passion for patient care drives innovative medical

149

MODELING PATIENT FLOWS THROUGH THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 MODELING PATIENT FLOWS THROUGH THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM Randolph Hall, David Belson, Pavan/University of Southern California Hospital. Key words: Process charts, performance measurement, healthcare systems 1. Due to aging of the population and increased costs of medical delivery, health-care costs

Dessouky, Maged

150

Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare  

E-print Network

Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare Year 7 Annual Report www of device users, the medical device industry, regulators and reimbursement agencies and healthcare providers healthcare users really need: more effective and efficient service, based on better technology that has been

Oakley, Jeremy

151

Lillian Rstad Access Control in Healthcare  

E-print Network

Lillian Røstad Access Control in Healthcare Information Systems Thesis for the degree will take you everywhere. (Albert Einstein) #12;#12;Abstract Access control is a key feature of healthcare to resources in a system. In healthcare systems this means protecting patient privacy. How- ever, the top

Langseth, Helge

152

sp carbon chains surrounded by sp(3) carbon double helices: coordination-driven self-assembly of wirelike Pt(CC)(n)Pt moieties that are spanned by two P(CH(2))(m)P linkages.  

PubMed

Reactions of trans,trans-(C6F5)(p-tol3P)2Pt(CC)4Pt(Pp-tol3)2(C6F5) and diphosphines Ar2P(CH2)mPAr2 yield trans,trans-(C6F5)(Ar2P(CH2)mPAr2)Pt(CC)4Pt(Ar2P(CH2)mPAr2)(C6F5), in which the platinum atoms are spanned via an sp and two sp3 carbon chains (Ar/m = 3, Ph/14, 87%; 4, p-tol/14, 91%; 5, p-C6H4-t-Bu/14, 77%; 7, Ph/10, 80%; 8, Ph/11, 80%; 9, Ph/12, 36%; only oligomers form for m > 14). Crystal structures of 3-5 show that the sp3 chains adopt chiral double-helical conformations that shield the sp chain at approximately the van der Waals distance, with both enantiomers in the unit cell. The platinum square planes define angles of 196.6 degrees -189.9 degrees or more than a half twist. Crystal structures of 7-9, which have shorter sp3 chains, exhibit nonhelical conformations. Reaction of the corresponding Pt(CC)6Pt complex and Ph2P(CH2)18PPh2 gives an analogous adduct (27%). The crystal structure shows two independent molecules, one helical and the other not. Low-temperature NMR data suggest that the enantiomeric helical conformations of 3-5 rapidly interconvert in solution. Cyclic voltammograms of 3-5 show more reversible oxidations than model compounds lacking bridging sp3 chains. These are the only double-helical molecules that do not feature bonding interactions between the helix strands, or covalent bonds to templates dispersed throughout the strands, or any type of encoding. The driving force for helix formation is analyzed. PMID:17567010

Stahl, Jürgen; Mohr, Wolfgang; de Quadras, Laura; Peters, Thomas B; Bohling, James C; Martín-Alvarez, José Miguel; Owen, Gareth R; Hampel, Frank; Gladysz, John A

2007-07-01

153

Equity in health and healthcare in Malawi: analysis of trends  

PubMed Central

Background Growing scientific evidence points to the pervasiveness of inequities in health and health care and the persistence of the inverse care law, that is the availability of good quality healthcare seems to be inversely related to the need for it in developing countries. Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals is likely to be compromised if inequities in health/healthcare are not properly addressed. Objective This study attempts to assess trends in inequities in selected indicators of health status and health service utilization in Malawi using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys of 1992, 2000 and 2004. Methods Data from Demographic and Health Surveys of 1992, 2000 and 2004 are analysed for inequities in health/healthcare using quintile ratios and concentration curves/indices. Results Overall, the findings indicate that in most of the selected indicators there are pro-rich inequities and that they have been widening during the period under consideration. Furthermore, vertical inequities are observed in the use of interventions (treatment of diarrhoea, ARI among under-five children), in that the non-poor who experience less burden from these diseases receive more of the treatment/interventions, whereas the poor who have a greater proportion of the disease burden use less of the interventions. It is also observed that the publicly provided services for some of the selected interventions (e.g. child delivery) benefit the non-poor more than the poor. Conclusion The widening trend in inequities, in particular healthcare utilization for proven cost-effective interventions is likely to jeopardize the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and other national and regional targets. To counteract the inequities it is recommended that coverage in poor communities be increased through appropriate targeting mechanisms and effective service delivery strategies. There is also a need for studies to identify which service delivery mechanisms are effective in the Malawian context. PMID:17504530

Zere, Eyob; Moeti, Matshidiso; Kirigia, Joses; Mwase, Takondwa; Kataika, Edward

2007-01-01

154

Mothers' Perception and Healthcare Seeking Behavior of Pneumonia Children in Rural Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

We describe mothers' perception about signs and symptoms, causes of the illness, and healthcare seeking behaviors related to pneumonia and express the major modifiable barriers to seeking timely treatment when their under-5 children had pneumonia in rural Bangladesh. Using focus group discussion, we understood mothers' perception and healthcare seeking behavior of childhood pneumonia. Although mothers described pneumonia as a serious life threatening disease in young children but most of the mothers (n = 24) could not diagnose whether their child had pneumonia or not. Environmental factors such as dust particles, spread from coughing mother, and drinking cold water or playing with water were perceived as the causes for pneumonia. Three common barriers noted were as follows: illness was not perceived as serious enough or distance from healthcare facility or lack of money at household for seeking treatment outside. Most of the rural mothers did not have knowledge about severity of childhood pneumonia. PMID:24967328

Ferdous, Farzana; Dil Farzana, Fahmida; Ahmed, Shahnawaz; Das, Sumon Kumar; Malek, Mohammad Abdul; Das, Jui; Faruque, Abu Syed Golam; Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer

2014-01-01

155

Socially-Assigned Race, Healthcare Discrimination and Preventive Healthcare Services  

PubMed Central

Background Race and ethnicity, typically defined as how individuals self-identify, are complex social constructs. Self-identified racial/ethnic minorities are less likely to receive preventive care and more likely to report healthcare discrimination than self-identified non-Hispanic whites. However, beyond self-identification, these outcomes may vary depending on whether racial/ethnic minorities are perceived by others as being minority or white; this perception is referred to as socially-assigned race. Purpose To examine the associations between socially-assigned race and healthcare discrimination and receipt of selected preventive services. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of the 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System “Reactions to Race” module. Respondents from seven states and the District of Columbia were categorized into 3 groups, defined by a composite of self-identified race/socially-assigned race: Minority/Minority (M/M, n?=?6,837), Minority/White (M/W, n?=?929), and White/White (W/W, n?=?25,913). Respondents were 18 years or older, with 61.7% under age 60; 51.8% of respondents were female. Measures included reported healthcare discrimination and receipt of vaccinations and cancer screenings. Results Racial/ethnic minorities who reported being socially-assigned as minority (M/M) were more likely to report healthcare discrimination compared with those who reported being socially-assigned as white (M/W) (8.9% vs. 5.0%, p?=?0.002). Those reporting being socially-assigned as white (M/W and W/W) had similar rates for past-year influenza (73.1% vs. 74.3%) and pneumococcal (69.3% vs. 58.6%) vaccinations; however, rates were significantly lower among M/M respondents (56.2% and 47.6%, respectively, p-values<0.05). There were no significant differences between the M/M and M/W groups in the receipt of cancer screenings. Conclusions Racial/ethnic minorities who reported being socially-assigned as white are more likely to receive preventive vaccinations and less likely to report healthcare discrimination compared with those who are socially-assigned as minority. Socially-assigned race/ethnicity is emerging as an important area for further research in understanding how race/ethnicity influences health outcomes. PMID:23704992

MacIntosh, Tracy; Desai, Mayur M.; Lewis, Tene T.; Jones, Beth A.; Nunez-Smith, Marcella

2013-01-01

156

Ruthenium Hydrides Containing the Superhindered Polydentate Polyphosphine Ligand P(CH2CH2P(t)Bu2)3.  

PubMed

The complex RuH2(N2)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (1) containing the extremely bulky PP3-type ligand P(2)P3(tBu) = P(CH2CH2P(t)Bu2)3 was synthesized by reduction of RuCl2(P(2)P3(tBu)) (2) with Na/NH3 under a N2 atmosphere. Like other complexes containing the P(2)P3(tBu) ligand, only three of the four donor phosphines are coordinated, and one of the phosphines remains as a dangling pendant phosphine. Reduction of RuCl2(P(2)P3(tBu)) (2) with a range of the more usual hydride reducing agents afforded the previously unknown ruthenium hydride complexes RuHCl(P(2)P3(tBu)) (3), RuH(BH4)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (6), RuH(AlH4)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (7), and the ruthenium(II) trihydride K[Ru(H)3(P(2)P3(tBu))] (8). The ruthenium tetrahydride containing a coordinated H2 ligand RuH2(H2)(P(2)P3(tBu)) (10) was synthesized by exchange of N2 in 1 by H2. Complexes 1, 3, 6, 7, and 8 were characterized by crystallography and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. PMID:25390508

Gilbert-Wilson, Ryan; Field, Leslie D; Bhadbhade, Mohan

2014-12-01

157

Healthcare Energy Metering Guidance (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure is intended to help facility and energy managers plan and prioritize investments in energy metering. It offers healthcare-specific examples of metering applications, benefits, and steps that other health systems can reproduce. It reflects collaborative input from the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories and the health system members of the DOE Hospital Energy Alliance's Benchmarking and Measurement Project Team.

Not Available

2011-07-01

158

The changing face of healthcare.  

PubMed

There seems to be a theme in many publications, books, and media channels lately, and that theme is change. There are changes in global markets, economic factors, and healthcare reform, to name a few, and change.gov is a government Web site. Much discussion has taken place in the past year or so about embracing change, leading change, and overcoming change through resilience. As I look forward into 2012, I am indeed thinking about change. PMID:22359257

Hoppes, Michelle

2012-01-01

159

Workplace Bullying among Healthcare Workers  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to assess consistent predictors through the use of a sample that includes different actors from the healthcare work force to identify certain key elements in a set of job-related organizational contexts. The utilized data were obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey, conducted in 2010 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. In light of these objectives, we collected a subsample of 284 health professionals, some of them from the International Standard Classification of Occupations—subgroup 22—(ISCO-08). The results indicated that the chance of a healthcare worker referring to him/herself as bullied increases among those who work on a shift schedule, perform monotonous and rotating tasks, suffer from work stress, enjoy little satisfaction from their working conditions, and do not perceive opportunities for promotions in their organizations. The present work summarizes an array of outcomes and proposes within the usual course of events that workplace bullying could be reduced if job demands were limited and job resources were increased. The implications of these findings could assist human resource managers in facilitating, to some extent, good social relationships among healthcare workers. PMID:23887621

Ariza-Montes, Antonio; Muniz, Noel M.; Montero-Simó, María José; Araque-Padilla, Rafael Angel

2013-01-01

160

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

161

Quality indicators and quality assessment in child health  

PubMed Central

Quality indicators are systematically developed statements that can be used to assess the appropriateness of specific healthcare decisions, services and outcomes. In this review, we highlight the range and type of indicators that have been developed for children in the UK and US by prominent governmental agencies and private organizations. We also classify these indicators in an effort to identify areas of child health that may lack quality measurement activity. We review the current state of health information technology in both countries since these systems are vital to quality efforts. Finally, we propose several recommendations to advance the quality indicator development agenda for children. The convergence of quality measurement and indicator development, a growing scientific evidence base and integrated information systems in healthcare may lead to substantial improvements for child health in the 21st century. PMID:19307196

Kavanagh, Patricia L.; Adams, William G.; Wang, C. Jason

2009-01-01

162

Child Information: Our Little Village  

E-print Network

Child Information: Our Little Village Registration Form Today's Date __ _ ____ _ ________________ Child's Last Name First Name Gender Date of Birth ________________________________ Child's Address City Number IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, SPECIFY AUTHORIZED PERSONS TO PICK UP CHILD: Name Relationship Phone Name

Escher, Christine

163

Asthma - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... child's teacher The school nurse The school office Gym teachers and coaches Your child should be able ... Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma . Rockville, Md. National Heart, Lung, and ...

164

Your Child's Immunization Record  

MedlinePLUS

... from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Your Child’s Immunization Record It’s important to keep up-to-date ... vaccination by filling in the date. Record of Immunizations Date Given: Where Given: Reaction: Hepatitis B Rotavirus ...

165

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

166

The Future of Healthcare – Information Based Medicine  

E-print Network

The paper discusses how information based medicine has become an increasingly important model of healthcare. Today’s patients are better informed and therefore play a more active role in their own healthcare, fuelling the drive towards personalized medicine. Information Based Medicine enables researchers to design targeted therapeutics and rapidly develop best practices guidelines to enable healthcare providers to deliver the most complete individualized healthcare solutions. Information based medicine is realized thanks to growth in four key areas—Clinical Genomics, Medical Imaging, Targeted Pharmaceuticals, and Information Systems. Also discussed, is how technological advances throughout this decade are changing the discovery, development and delivery of new treatments- with healthcare becoming increasingly personalized as a result. A glimpse into the future of personalised healthcare is presented, highlighting scenarios in development today along with the challenges and perspectives which lie ahead.

Theodor Borangiu; Victor Purcarea

167

Child prostitution in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central

Carmen Lau

2008-01-01

168

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... worthlessness and an abnormal or distorted view of sex. The child may become withdrawn and mistrustful of adults, and ... Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking to Your Kids about Sex #73 Self-Injury in Adolescents #00 Definition of ...

169

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

170

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

171

Pam Pohly's Net Guide: Healthcare Employment Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive metasite provides extensive links to current job listings in "the healthcare industry (managed care, hospitals, healthcare systems, companies, physician groups, etc.)." Maintained by Pam Pohly, President of her own healthcare consulting firm and graduate student at University of Colorado-Denver, the site offers links to over a hundred job sites featuring teaching jobs for docs, biotech careers, opportunities for anesthesiologists, and a whole host of others.

Pohly, Pam.

1998-01-01

172

Pervasive Healthcare and Wireless Health Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract With an increasingly mobile,society and,the worldwide deployment of mobile and wireless networks, the wireless infrastructure can support many,current and emerging,healthcare applications. This could fulfill the vision of “Pervasive Healthcare” or healthcare to anyone, anytime, and anywhere by removing locational, time and other restraints while increasing both the coverage and the quality. In this paper, we present applications and require-

Upkar Varshney

2007-01-01

173

Healthcare  

MedlinePLUS

... is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300. ** eBooks - EPUB is the ...

174

[Phosphine poisoning in healthcare workers].  

PubMed

Phosphine gas constitutes a potential and serious little-known cause of poisoning of professional nature of the medical staff and nursing care of patients who voluntarily swallow phosphides rodenticides purposes suicide. The objective of this paper is to inform to healthcare workers from urgencies, forensic and occupational health services on this occupational hazard. We present the case of a nurse who suffered from poisoning by gas phosphine confirmed through an environmental monitoring of gases in an emergency department carried out by the government service of civil protection of the State of Jalisco. PMID:21894233

Arredondo Trujillo, Francisco; Hurtado Pérez, Martha Patricia; Castañeda Borrayo, Yaocihuatl

2011-01-01

175

Integrating the healthcare supply chain.  

PubMed

Today's integrated delivery systems (IDSs) require efficient supply chain processes to speed products to users at the lowest possible cost. Most excess costs within the supply chain are a result of inefficient and redundant processes involved in the transport and delivery of supplies from suppliers to healthcare providers. By integrating and assuming control of these supply chain processes, improving supply chain management practices, and organizing and implementing a disciplined redesign plan, IDSs can achieve substantial savings and better focus their organizations on their core patient care mission. PMID:10175103

Brennan, C D

1998-01-01

176

Carpet choices for healthcare facilities.  

PubMed

Carpet as a floorcovering choice in healthcare facilities is increasing in popularity. Technological advances have made carpet an appropriate choice not only for common areas and offices, but also for patient rooms. Color options are diverse, and can serve patient care concerns, such as orientation for patients with Alzheimer's disease. Carpet performance is related to its density, construction and fiber/yarn type. Many carpet types have antimicrobial treatments to aid in reducing the propagation and spread of microorganisms. Carpet is also tested for emissions of volatile organic compounds based on industry criteria. Proper maintenance is essential to maintaining carpet appearance and useful life. PMID:10134936

Wise, K O

1994-07-01

177

The e-healthcare cybertsunami.  

PubMed

The trend toward the new healthcare e-consumer and e-patient shows no signs of slowing down. Embracing e-health is about more than merely launching a Web site or selling products online. Before you take the next steps in your e-strategy, get hip to the trends that are hitting the beach. Gone are the days when you could slap together a Web site that offers information about locations, hours, services, products, or doctors. The medium of the Internet is interactive. Patients want you to give them something to do. PMID:11184350

Goldstein, D

2000-01-01

178

Leadership roles for nurses in healthcare design.  

PubMed

Nearly $200 billion of healthcare construction is expected by the year 2015, and nurse leaders must expand their knowledge and capabilities in healthcare design. The goal of this bimonthly department is to prepare the nurse leader in using the evidence-based design process to ensure that new, expanded, and renovated hospitals facilitate optimal patient outcomes, enhance the work environment for healthcare providers, and improve organizational performance. In this article, the author discusses roles in healthcare design that nurse leaders can assume to ensure a successful project. PMID:18090512

Stichler, Jaynelle F

2007-12-01

179

Web-based Service Portal in Healthcare  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information delivery is one the most important task in healthcare. The growing sector of electronic healthcare has an important impact on the information delivery. There are two basic approaches towards information delivering. The first is web portal and second is touch-screen terminal. The aim of this paper is to investigate the web-based service portal. The most important advantage of web-based portal in the field of healthcare is an independent access for patients. This paper deals with the conditions and frameworks for healthcare portals

Silhavy, Petr; Silhavy, Radek; Prokopova, Zdenka

180

Comparison of Physical Child Abusers, Intrafamilial Sexual Child Abusers, and Child Neglecters  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifty subjects, including 30 physical child abusers, 15 intrafamilial sexual child abusers, 30 child neglecters, and three matched comparison groups were compared on levels of distress, unhappiness, loneliness, rigidity, negative concept of child and self, child problems, and problems from family and others. All child maltreatment groups reported elevated levels of personal distress, unhappiness, loneliness, and rigidity.

JOEL S. MILNER; KEVIN R. ROBERTSON

1990-01-01

181

Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose?  

E-print Network

Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? IBM Global Business Services Healthcare A portrait information. #12;Healthcare 205: Win-win or lose-lose? Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? A portrait and a path to successful transformation Executive Summary Healthcare is in crisis. While this is not news

182

BANip: Enabling Remote Healthcare Monitoring with Body Area Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a Java service platform for mobile healthcare that enables remote health monitoring using 2.5\\/3G public wireless networks. The platform complies with today's healthcare delivery models, in particular it incorporates some functionality of a healthcare call center, a healthportal for patients that aggregates healthcare services from collaborative care centers. Our service platform simplifies the development of mobile healthcare

Nikolay Dokovsky; Aart Van Halteren; Ing Widya

2003-01-01

183

Finding Mental Healthcare for Children of Immigrants  

MedlinePLUS

... experiences that happened before, during, or after the immigration. One of the challenges that families face is ... for Families : #0 Definition of a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist #4 The Depressed Child #6 Children Who ...

184

Studies of the electron density in the highest occupied molecular orbitals of PH 3, PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3 by electron momentum spectroscopy and Hartree-Fock, MRSD-CI and DFT calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spherically averaged momentum profiles for the highest occupied molecular orbitals of PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3 have been obtained by electron momentum spectroscopy. The measurements provide a stringent test of basis set effects and the quality of ab-initio methods in the description of these larger molecular systems. As in previous work on the methyl-substituted amines, intuitive arguments fail to predict the correct amount of s- and p-type contributions to the momentum profile while delocalized molecular orbital concepts provide a more adequate description of the HOMOs. The experimental momentum profiles have been compared with theoretical momentum profiles calculated at the level of the target Hartree-Fock approximation with a range of basis sets. New Hartree-Fock calculations are also presented for the HOMO of PH 3 and compared to previously published experimental and theoretical momentum profiles. The experimental momentum profiles have further been compared to calculations at the level of the target Kohn-Sham approximation using density functional theory with the local density approximation and also with gradient corrected (non-local) exchange correlation potentials. In addition, total energies and dipole moments have been calculated for all three molecules by the various theoretical methods and compared to experimental values. Calculated 'density difference maps' show the regions where the HOMO momentum and position electron densities of PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3 change relative to the corresponding HOMO density of PH 3. The results suggest that methyl groups have an electron-attracting effect (relative to H) on the HOMO charge density in trimethyl phosphines. These conclusions are supported by a consideration of dipole moments and the 31P NMR chemical shifts for PH 3, PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3.

Rolke, J.; Brion, C. E.

1996-06-01

185

La1-xLnxH(O3PCH3)2 (Ln = Tb, Eu; 0 < x ? 1): an organic-inorganic hybrid with lanthanide chains and tunable luminescence properties.  

PubMed

The organic/inorganic La1-xLnxH(O3PCH3)2 (Ln = Eu, Tb) hybrids have been synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis. The crystal structure of LaH(O3PCH3)2 consists of chains of edge-sharing LaO8 polyhedra linked through PO3C tetrahedra. Photoluminescence of Eu(3+), Tb(3+) and Eu(3+)/Tb(3+) co-doped materials have been investigated. The Eu and Tb hybrids show no concentration quenching versus doping rate suggesting energy migration through a percolation model. The Eu hybrids exhibit a red emission while the Tb ones exhibit, with the Tb rate increasing, a blue to green emission under a 378 nm excitation wavelength and a cyan to green emission under a 262 nm excitation wavelength. The doping rate dependent red shift results from a cross relaxation phenomenon between closed Tb(3+) ions. The blue to cyan shift observed for the slightly doped materials, when excitation wavelength shifts from 378 nm to 262 nm, is due to different relaxation phenomena, from the (5)D3 level for a 378 nm excitation wavelength and from the (5)D4 level via the 4f5d level for a 262 nm excitation wavelength. Under a 378 nm wavelength, the co-doped La0.93Eu0.03Tb0.04H(O3PCH3)2 hybrid exhibits a white/cyan emission with CIE coordinates equal to x = 0.29, y = 0.37. PMID:25412907

Mutelet, B; Boudin, S; Pérez, O; Rueff, J M; Labbé, C; Jaffrès, P A

2015-01-21

186

ReRe--engineering U.S. Healthengineering U.S. Health Care with HealthcareCare with Healthcare  

E-print Network

ReRe--engineering U.S. Healthengineering U.S. Health Care with HealthcareCare with Healthcare In HealthcareInformation Systems In Healthcare Three Dilemmas: Provider, Purchaser, Patient US Health IT Policy, and quality issues vex US Healthcare 18% of medical errors are estimated to be due to inadequate availability

Gabrieli, John

187

Prevalence and Predictors of Change in Adult-Child Primary Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family caregiving research is increasingly contextual and dynamic, but few studies have examined prevalence and predictors of change in primary caregivers, those with the most frequent contact with healthcare professionals. We identified prevalence and predictors of 2-year change in primary adult-child caregivers. Data pooled from the 1992-2000…

Szinovacz, Maximiliane E.; Davey, Adam

2013-01-01

188

Beyond Partnering: Creating the Healthcare Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing stress on the healthcare system has encouraged policy makers and care providers to reconsider the current system. While universal access must be maintained, the authors argue that greater recognition of the differences in the health needs of Canada's diverse communities should shape service delivery. The creation of “healthcare communities” based on targeted research and stakeholder advice is more efficient

Carol Amaratunga; Judith Hockney

2003-01-01

189

Individualized Healthcare Plans (IHP). Position Statement. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that students whose healthcare needs affect or have the potential to affect safe and optimal school attendance and academic performance require the professional school nurse to write an Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP), in collaboration with the student, family, educators,…

National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

190

Company: Dr. Leonard's Healthcare Corporation Work Location  

E-print Network

Company: Dr. Leonard's Healthcare Corporation Work Location: 2147 State Route 27, Suite 103 Edison: Discount Healthcare Catalog Job Title: 1) Customer Services Representatives 2) Sales Representatives Start current sales promotions. No cold calling!! Qualifications: Strong communication skills and must be able

Hanson, Stephen José

191

Discourse Analysis of Encouragement in Healthcare Manga  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how healthcare professionals use encouragement. Focusing on GAMBARU ["to try hard"], forty-one scenes were collected from healthcare manga. Each scene of encouragement was analyzed from three perspectives; the contextual background of the communication, the relationship with the patients and the patients' response to the…

Matsuoka, Rieko; Smith, Ian; Uchimura, Mari

2011-01-01

192

Right to Healthcare: The Way Forward  

PubMed Central

From the Bhore Committee Report of 1946 to the present Universal Health Coverage (UHC) 2011, nothing much has changed in terms of health status in India. The overall health status continues to be dismal and disappointing. One factor that is mainly responsible for this state of affairs is that healthcare has not been realized as a right. If healthcare becomes a right, the state will become responsible and accountable to the people, for enhancing their health. If people are invoked into a sense of belonging to the health system and made to look at healthcare as their right, there is a strong possibility of a positive change in the overall health status of the people. The article looks at healthcare from the rights perspective and explores the methods in which it can be translated into reality. It tries to look at the moral basis of the right to healthcare. For healthcare to be achieved as a right, the state can no longer be a mute spectator of the predominant market forces dictating the healthcare delivery system. The article argues that translation of healthcare as a right is only possible if the state takes full responsibility to improve the health status of the people. PMID:24479035

Peer, Rafia F.

2013-01-01

193

78 FR 6329 - Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention Healthcare Infection Control Practices...2013. Place: CDC, Global Communications Center, Building 19, Auditorium...the Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, the Director...regarding: (1) The practice of healthcare infection prevention...

2013-01-30

194

78 FR 28221 - Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention Healthcare Infection Control Practices...Prevention (CDC), Global Communications Center, Bldg 19, Auditorium...the Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, the Director...regarding (1) the practice of healthcare infection prevention...

2013-05-14

195

78 FR 62636 - Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention Healthcare Infection Control Practices...Control and Prevention, Global Communications Center, Building 19, Auditorium...the Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, the Director...regarding (1) the practice of healthcare infection prevention...

2013-10-22

196

78 FR 61362 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for dates of meetings: 1. Healthcare Effectiveness and Outcomes...remainder of the meeting) 4. Healthcare Safety and Quality Improvement...remainder of the meeting) 5. Healthcare Information Technology Research (HITR) Date:...

2013-10-03

197

International Conference on Big Data and Analytics in Healthcare  

E-print Network

International Conference on Big Data and Analytics in Healthcare 2014 Centre for Health Informatics in finance, manufacturing, retail, and social networks. Healthcare, too, is beginning to experience a data data. To stay competitive and effective, healthcare organizations should prepare

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

198

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene,  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene, Health Geriatrics Sports Medicine Orthopedics Neurology Cardiopulminary Hospitals Clinics Home healthcare agencies;EMPLOYERSAREAS (Healthcare Sciences, Page 2) STRATEGIES/INFORMATION Hospitals (including psychiatric

New Hampshire, University of

199

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare  

E-print Network

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare Tuesday 2nd December 2014 entitled "Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare" is coming to London. The conference will be held safety, quality and productivity in healthcare. Showcasing enduring solutions to patient safety

Levi, Ran

200

IT support for healthcare processes premises, challenges, perspectives  

E-print Network

IT support for healthcare processes ­ premises, challenges, perspectives Richard Lenz *, Manfred in revised form 11 April 2006; accepted 11 April 2006 Available online 24 May 2006 Abstract Healthcare- ronment optimal process support becomes crucial. Though healthcare processes frequently change

Pfeifer, Holger

201

Technology and the Future of Healthcare  

PubMed Central

Healthcare changes dramatically because of technological developments, from anesthetics and antibiotics to magnetic resonance imaging scanners and radiotherapy. Future technological innovation is going to keep transforming healthcare, yet while technologies (new drugs and treatments, new devices, new social media support for healthcare, etc) will drive innovation, human factors will remain one of the stable limitations of breakthroughs. No predictions can satisfy everybody; instead, this article explores fragments of the future to see how to think more clearly about how to get where we want to go. Significance for public health Technology drives healthcare more than any other force, and in the future it will continue to develop in dramatic ways. While we can glimpse and debate the details of future trends in healthcare, we need to be clear about the drivers so we can align with them and actively work to ensure the best outcomes for society as a whole. PMID:25170499

Thimbleby, Harold

2013-01-01

202

Telehealth: the backbone of healthcare financing.  

PubMed

Malaysia, like many other countries faces major challenges in meeting increasing demands with limited resources. Changes in demography, life-style diseases, increasing consumer expectations, new medical technologies and rapid economic growth all fuel demand for more healthcare services. There are problems related to the distribution and delivery of healthcare services, and there is inadequate integration of healthcare delivery and continuity of care is a major concern. Resources tend to be concentrated in the very expensive hospital sector, although services would be cost-effectively and conveniently delivered at primary care level. There is no ideal healthcare system, and how healthcare is supported and organized for service delivery influences the country's social, economic and political well-being. Like many other countries, Malaysia is undergoing health reform in meeting these challenges, and is becoming more reliant on telemedicine and telehealth. PMID:15747978

Suleiman, Abu Bakar

2004-01-01

203

Guest editorial. Integrated healthcare information systems.  

PubMed

The use of integrated information systems for healthcare has been started more than a decade ago. In recent years, rapid advances in information integration methods have spurred tremendous growth in the use of integrated information systems in healthcare delivery. Various techniques have been used for probing such integrated systems. These techniques include service-oriented architecture (SOA), EAI, workflow management, grid computing, and others. Many applications require a combination of these techniques, which gives rise to the emergence of enterprise systems in healthcare. Development of the techniques originated from different disciplines has the potential to significantly improve the performance of enterprise systems in healthcare. This editorial paper briefly introduces the enterprise systems in the perspective of healthcare informatics. PMID:22760931

Li, Ling; Ge, Ri-Li; Zhou, Shang-Ming; Valerdi, Ricardo

2012-07-01

204

Child Labor Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formed in 1989, the Child Labor Coalition is a provider of informational and educational outreach about child labor in the public and private sectors. On their website, visitors will find sections on "Child Labor in the U.S." and "Child Labor Around the World", as well as a "Photo Gallery and Media Library". The Child Labor in the U.S. section provides history, causes, and results of child labor in the U.S. Visitors will also find a link to the report "Fields of Peril - Child Labor in U.S. Agriculture", which addresses the lack of rights of child farmworkers on commercial farms. Visitors with teenagers will be interested in the "Parents' Primer: When Your Teen Works" report that emphasizes the hours of employment governed by child labor laws, and provides information on how these laws "restrict teens from working in hazardous occupations or operating dangerous machinery." The photo gallery contains several albums, including heartrending stills from the documentary "Stolen Childhoods". Visitors will see a child working at a brick kiln in India, and a Kenyan coffee plantation where children work without protective gear from pesticides or the sharp spines of the coffee plant. [KMG

205

Potential Barriers to Healthcare in Malawi for Under-five Children with Cough and Fever: A National Household Survey  

PubMed Central

Failure to access healthcare is an important contributor to child mortality in many developing countries. In a national household survey in Malawi, we explored demographic and socioeconomic barriers to healthcare for childhood illnesses and assessed the direct and indirect costs of seeking care. Using a cluster-sample design, we selected 2,697 households and interviewed 1,669 caretakers. The main reason for households not being surveyed was the absence of a primary caretaker in the household. Among 2,077 children aged less than five years, 504 episodes of cough and fever during the previous two weeks were reported. A trained healthcare provider was visited for 48.0% of illness episodes. A multivariate regression model showed that children from the poorest households (p=0.02) and children aged >12 months (p=0.02) were less likely to seek care when ill compared to those living in wealthier households and children of higher age-group respectively. Families from rural households spent more time travelling compared to urban households (68.9 vs 14.1 minutes; p<0.001). In addition, visiting a trained healthcare provider was associated with longer travel time (p<0.001) and higher direct costs (p<0.001) compared to visiting an untrained provider. Thus, several barriers to accessing healthcare in Malawi for childhood illnesses exist. Continued efforts to reduce these barriers are needed to narrow the gap in the health and healthcare equity in Malawi. PMID:24847595

Ngwira, Bagrey; Stockman, Lauren J.; Deming, Michael; Nyasulu, Peter; Bowie, Cameron; Msyamboza, Kelias; Meyrowitsch, Dan W.; Cunliffe, Nigel A.; Bresee, Joseph; Fischer, Thea K.

2014-01-01

206

Where families and healthcare meet.  

PubMed

Recent developments in professional healthcare pose moral problems that standard bioethics cannot even identify as problems, but that are fully visible when redefined as problems in the ethics of families. Here, we add to the growing body of work that began in the 1990s by demonstrating the need for a distinctive ethics of families. First, we discuss what 'family' means and why families can matter so deeply to the lives of those within them. Then, we briefly sketch how, according to an ethics of families, responsibilities must be negotiated against the backdrop of family relationships, treatment decisions must be made in the light of these negotiated responsibilities and justice must be served, both between families and society more generally and within families themselves. PMID:25210197

Verkerk, M A; Lindemann, Hilde; McLaughlin, Janice; Scully, Jackie Leach; Kihlbom, Ulrik; Nelson, Jamie; Chin, Jacqueline

2015-02-01

207

Presence of Medical Home and School Attendance: An Analysis of the 2005-2006 National Survey of Children With Special Healthcare Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) tend to miss more school because of illness. Medical homes are a model of primary health care that coordinate services to better meet the needs of the child. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between presence of medical home and missed school days among CSHCN.…

Willits, Kathryn A.; Troutman-Jordan, Meredith L.; Nies, Mary A.; Racine, Elizabeth F.; Platonova, Elena; Harris, Henry L.

2013-01-01

208

Child Care Project. Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care Coalition has been monitoring the number of high-quality, safe, accessible, and affordable child care spaces in Pasadena, California, since 1989. In addition, the Coalition has worked to expand the availability of child care through such programs as the Northwest Child Care Trust Fund Loan Program, which offers loans to child care…

Broussard, Anne M.

209

Early Mother-Child Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

d'Agostino, Micheline

1986-01-01

210

Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application  

E-print Network

Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application To be eligible for this benefit, the child must be the biological child, adopted child, stepchild, or ward of the employee and must be the employee's dependent (see of the parent-child or guardian-ward relationship is required and must be submitted to University Human

Hanson, Stephen José

211

Child Care Cost and Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes what is known about the cost and quality of full-time child care in centers and family child care homes, and about parents' attention to quality in mak- ing child care choices. It relies primarily upon two recent studies which are among the first to collect detailed information about child care operating costs: the Cost, Quality, and Child

Suzanne W. Helburn; Carollee Howes

212

Is My Child's Appetite Normal?  

MedlinePLUS

... he or she grows. You Can Help Your Child Eat the Right Amount • Offer small portions. Let the child ask for more. • Allow enough time. This may ... bored or stressed. Slow down to eat the right amounts. When you take care of yourself, you take care of your child, too! Is My Child’s Appetite Normal?

213

Child Care Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Child Care Challenges_, a recent report published by the Child Care and Development Division of the Children's Defense Fund, is a state-by-state analysis of the latest data "on [annual] child care costs, and supply and affordability problems facing America's low-income working families." The report is divided into 50 chapters, one for each state. Each chapter summarizes state-level data, describes the problems surrounding the availability of affordable, high-quality child care, and highlights the need for "increased state and federal investments, and greater involvement from other sectors." Chapters are between fifteen and twenty pages and are presented in .pdf format only.

1998-01-01

214

Macroergonomics in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety  

PubMed Central

The US Institute of Medicine and healthcare experts have called for new approaches to manage healthcare quality problems. In this chapter, we focus on macroergonomics, a branch of human factors and ergonomics that is based on the systems approach and considers the organizational and sociotechnical context of work activities and processes. Selected macroergonomic approaches to healthcare quality and patient safety are described such as the SEIPS model of work system and patient safety and the model of healthcare professional performance. Focused reviews on job stress and burnout, workload, interruptions, patient-centered care, health IT and medical devices, violations, and care coordination provide examples of macroergonomics contributions to healthcare quality and patient safety. Healthcare systems and processes clearly need to be systematically redesigned; examples of macroergonomic approaches, principles and methods for healthcare system redesign are described. Further research linking macroergonomics and care processes/patient outcomes is needed. Other needs for macroergonomics research are highlighted, including understanding the link between worker outcomes (e.g., safety and well-being) and patient outcomes (e.g., patient safety), and macroergonomics of patient-centered care and care coordination. PMID:24729777

Carayon, Pascale; Karsh, Ben-Tzion; Gurses, Ayse P.; Holden, Richard; Hoonakker, Peter; Hundt, Ann Schoofs; Montague, Enid; Rodriguez, Joy; Wetterneck, Tosha B.

2014-01-01

215

Knowledge Discovery from Massive Healthcare Claims Data  

SciTech Connect

The role of big data in addressing the needs of the present healthcare system in US and rest of the world has been echoed by government, private, and academic sectors. There has been a growing emphasis to explore the promise of big data analytics in tapping the potential of the massive healthcare data emanating from private and government health insurance providers. While the domain implications of such collaboration are well known, this type of data has been explored to a limited extent in the data mining community. The objective of this paper is two fold: first, we introduce the emerging domain of big"healthcare claims data to the KDD community, and second, we describe the success and challenges that we encountered in analyzing this data using state of art analytics for massive data. Specically, we translate the problem of analyzing healthcare data into some of the most well-known analysis problems in the data mining community, social network analysis, text mining, and temporal analysis and higher order feature construction, and describe how advances within each of these areas can be leveraged to understand the domain of healthcare. Each case study illustrates a unique intersection of data mining and healthcare with a common objective of improving the cost-care ratio by mining for opportunities to improve healthcare operations and reducing hat seems to fall under fraud, waste,and abuse.

Chandola, Varun [ORNL] [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01

216

Healthcare costs associated with language difficulties up to 9 years of age: Australian population-based study.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose. This study aimed to quantify the non-hospital healthcare costs associated with language difficulties within two nationally representative samples of children. Method. Data were from three biennial waves (2004-2008) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (B cohort: 0-5 years; K cohort: 4-9 years). Language difficulties were defined as scores ? 1.25 SD below the mean on measures of parent-reported communication (0-3 years) and directly assessed vocabulary (4-9 years). Participant data were linked to administrative data on non-hospital healthcare attendances and prescription medications from the universal Australian Medicare subsidized healthcare scheme. Result. It was found that healthcare costs over each 2-year age band were higher for children with than without language difficulties at 0-1, 2-3, and 4-5 years, notably 36% higher (mean difference = $AU206, 95% CI = $90, $321) at 4-5 years (B cohort). The slightly higher 2-year healthcare costs for children with language difficulties at 6-7 and 8-9 years were not statistically different from those without language difficulties. Modelled to the corresponding Australian child population, 2-year government costs ranged from $AU1.2-$AU12.1 million (depending on age examined). Six-year healthcare costs increased with the persistence of language difficulties in the K cohort, with total Medicare costs increasing by $192 (95% CI = $74, $311; p = .002) for each additional wave of language difficulties. Conclusion. Language difficulties (whether transient or persistent) were associated with substantial excess population healthcare costs in childhood, which are in addition to the known broader costs incurred through the education system. It is unclear whether healthcare costs were specifically due to the assessment and/or treatment of language difficulties, as opposed to conditions that may be co-morbid with or may cause language difficulties. PMID:24801409

Sciberras, Emma; Westrupp, Elizabeth M; Wake, Melissa; Nicholson, Jan M; Lucas, Nina; Mensah, Fiona; Gold, Lisa; Reilly, Sheena

2015-02-01

217

Healthcare economics for the emergency physician.  

PubMed

Although the principles of healthcare economics are not usually part of the fundamental education of emergency physicians, an understanding of these elements will enhance our ability to contribute to improved health-care value. This article introduces the practical aspects of microeconomics, insurance, the supply-and-demand relationship, competition, and costs as they affect the practice of medicine on a daily basis. Being cognizant of how these elements create a dynamic interplay in the health-care industry will allow physicians to better understand the expanded role they need to assume in the ongoing cost and quality debate. PMID:12563583

Propp, Douglas A; Krubert, Christopher; Sasson, Andres

2003-01-01

218

Child Care for Older Kids  

MedlinePLUS

... Child Care for Older Kids Family Life Listen Child Care for Older Kids Article Body During middle childhood, ... are and what they are doing. When evaluating child care options, determine whether other family members can handle ...

219

Choosing a Child Care Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Child Care Center Family Life Listen Choosing a Child Care Center Article Body Center-based care takes place ... following questions may help you in choosing a child care center: Hours. What are the hours? What if ...

220

The Child Development Associate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an innovative national program, the Child Development Associate Program, designed to prepare a new category of child care worker--the Child Development Associate--and how this program is being implemented in Hawaii. (Editor/RK)

Flores, Daria

1976-01-01

221

The involvement of parents in the healthcare provided to hospitalzed children  

PubMed Central

Objective to analyze the answers of parents and health care professionals concerning the involvement of parents in the care provided to hospitalized children. Method exploratory study based on the conceptual framework of pediatric healthcare with qualitative data analysis. Results three dimensions of involvement were highlighted: daily care provided to children, opinions concerning the involvement of parents, and continuity of care with aspects related to the presence and participation of parents, benefits to the child and family, information needs, responsibility, right to healthcare, hospital infrastructure, care delivery, communication between the parents and health services, shared learning, and follow-up after discharge. Conclusion the involvement of parents in the care provided to their children has many meanings for parents, nurses and doctors. Specific strategies need to be developed with and for parents in order to mobilize parental competencies and contribute to increasing their autonomy and decision-making concerning the care provided to children. PMID:25029054

de Melo, Elsa Maria de Oliveira Pinheiro; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes; de Lima, Regina Aparecida Garcia; de Mello, Débora Falleiros

2014-01-01

222

The influence of community violence and protective factors on asthma morbidity and healthcare utilization in high-risk children.  

PubMed

We examined the longitudinal effects of community risk and protective factors on asthma morbidity and healthcare utilization. Three hundred urban caregivers of children with poorly controlled asthma were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness of a behavioral/educational intervention and completed measures of exposure to community violence (ECV), social cohesion (SC), informal social control (ISC), child asthma control, child asthma symptom days/nights, and healthcare utilization. Latent growth curve modeling examined the direct and interaction effects of ECV, SC, and ISC on the asthma outcomes over 12 months. Caregivers were primarily the biological mother (92 %), single (70 %), and poor (50 % earned less than $10,000). Children were African American (96 %) and young (mean age?=?5.5 years, SD?=?2.2). ECV at baseline was high, with 24.7 % of caregivers reporting more than two exposures to violence in the previous 6 months (M?=?1.45, SD?=?1.61). Caregiver ECV-predicted asthma-related healthcare utilization at baseline (b?=?0.19, SE?=?0.07, p?=?0.003) and 2 months (b?=?0.12, s.e.?=?0.05, p?=?0.04). ISC and SC moderated the effect of ECV on healthcare utilization. Our findings suggest that multifaceted interventions that include strategies to curb violence and foster feelings of cohesion among low-income urban residents may be needed to reduce asthma-related emergency services. PMID:24889008

Bellin, Melissa; Osteen, Philip; Collins, Kathryn; Butz, Arlene; Land, Cassie; Kub, Joan

2014-08-01

223

Lauren M. Childs Information  

E-print Network

-011-9637-5. 3. L. M. Childs, N. Held, M. Young, R. Whittaker, and J. Weitz, (2012) Multi-scale Model of CRISPR. Held, L. M. Childs, M. Davison, J. S. Weitz, R. J. Whitaker, and D. Bhaya, (2012) CRISPR-Cas systems. Weitz, Exploring the dynamics of CRISPR length: How much can a prokaryote remember about phages

Weitz, Joshua S.

224

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration in October 2013. Child Health ... 2013 . Suggested Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. ...

225

Introduction: Understanding Child Labour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores contributions from the Urban Childhood Conference for the purpose of developing the child-labor discourse further and indicating the implications of the new understandings for further research and policy development. Highlights the nine articles in this issue, which address child labor at the international level, children's viewpoints,…

Miljeteig, Per

1999-01-01

226

Measuring Child Care Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care quality is not a single dimension, but rather a multidimensional characteristic of programs that support the family in its child-rearing role and programs in which children thrive developmentally, socially, cognitively, physically, and emotionally. At the regulatory and accreditation level, approaches to quality focus on group size,…

Fiene, Richard

227

Child Povertyy Prevention Council  

E-print Network

the country to reduce poverty in America. The extent of poverty in Louisiana warrants this new initiative In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

Harms, Kyle E.

228

Child Povertyy Prevention Council  

E-print Network

of a growing new commitment around the country to reduce poverty in America. The extent of poverty In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

229

CHILD HEALTH USA 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

Child Health USA 2002, the thirteenth annual report on the health status and service needs of America's children is presented by the Health Resources and Services Administration's Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB). To assess the bureau's progress toward achieving its vision...

230

Child Care Resource Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Child Care Resource Materials" is an annotated bibliography of books, films, and filmstrips on various topics related to the education and development of young children. Categories include: learning activities for children; caring for children - infants through adolescents and children with special needs; parent-child relationships; day care -…

Webb, Jeanne, Comp.; Pennington, Marnee, Comp.

231

Child Wellness and Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wellness and happiness should be considered in the clinical treatment of child and adolescent psychiatry, in addition with thinking about illness. Meanwhile, various studies on child and adolescent psychiatry,which includes an article from the "Journal of Happiness Studies," are discussed.

Rettew, David C.

2009-01-01

232

Protecting the Hoosier Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are proceedings of a conference designed to provide a statewide forum for the exploration of the issues of child abuse and neglect, to maximize interdisciplinary communication as well as communication between the professional and lay communities of Indiana concerned with child protection, and to develop strategies for future coordinated…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

233

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

234

Toilet Teaching Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... crib to the bed, moving to a new house, or when your child is sick (especially if diarrhea is a factor). It may be better to postpone it until your child's environment is stable and secure. Also, while some experts recommend starting ...

235

The Healthcare Administrator's Associate: an experiment in distributed healthcare information systems.  

PubMed Central

The Healthcare Administrator's Associate is a collection of portable tools designed to support analysis of data retrieved via the Internet from diverse distributed healthcare information systems by means of the InfoSleuth system of distributed software agents. Development of these tools is part of an effort to enhance access to diverse and geographically distributed healthcare data in order to improve the basis upon which administrative and clinical decisions are made. PMID:9357686

Fowler, J.; Martin, G.

1997-01-01

236

Exploring options for improving healthcare.  

PubMed

New medical technologies generally must receive clearance or approval for marketing by the US Food and Drug Administration and be covered by an insurer, such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, before becoming available for widespread clinical use. These 2 approval processes are discrete and usually occur sequentially rather than collaboratively and simultaneously. To explore potential mechanisms for increasing regulatory collaboration between these 2 key health care agencies, the Duke Clinical Research Institute and Health Strategies Consultancy convened an informal meeting of agency, academic, and industry leaders on December 8 and 9, 2002, titled "Registration/Approval and Coverage/Payment: Exploring Options for Improving Healthcare." This article arises from the discussion at this conference; it does not represent the official views of any person or institution involved. Although the group did not attempt to reach a consensus, it examined several important issues surrounding this regulatory debate. Herein are proposed options for enhancing regulatory efficiency through greater coordination between the FDA and CMS, and discussion of these proposals from the perspectives of members of both agencies, members of stakeholder organizations, and academic observers. PMID:14691414

Wang, Stanley S; Mendelson, Daniel N; Schulman, Kevin A; Mark, Daniel B

2004-01-01

237

Telecommunications systems implementations in healthcare facilities.  

PubMed

The author provides guidance on implementing a new telecommunications system in a healthcare facility--from pre-sale through completed implementation. He gives advice on what to watch out for and how to avoid potential problems. PMID:10158932

Bakaj, B

1996-01-01

238

Device Data Protection in Mobile Healthcare Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid growth in mobile technology makes the delivery of healthcare data and services on mobile phones a reality. However, the healthcare data is very sensitive and has to be protected against unauthorized access. While most of the development work on security of mobile healthcare today focuses on the data encryption and secure authentication in remote servers, protection of data on the mobile device itself has gained very little attention. This paper analyses the requirements and the architecture for a secure mobile capsule, specially designed to protect the data that is already on the device. The capsule is a downloadable software agent with additional functionalities to enable secure external communication with healthcare service providers, network operators and other relevant communication parties.

Weerasinghe, Dasun; Rajarajan, Muttukrishnan; Rakocevic, Veselin

239

"Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics"  

E-print Network

"Intelligent systems for healthcare and robotics" Laura Barnes Assistant Professor lbarnes, and robotics. We are interested in problems such as computationally modeling group behavior and interactions and clinicians. Robotics & Multiagent Systems Research in this area is specifically focused on multiagent

Acton, Scott

240

Interventional Radiology healthcare.utah.edu/radiology  

E-print Network

Interventional Radiology healthcare.utah.edu/radiology Radiology What is Interventional Radiology? Interventional radiology involves radiologists treating disease with minimally invasive surgery. These surgeries are performed using radiologic images to guide small catheters. Because many of these procedures are safer

Feschotte, Cedric

241

Making existing technology safer in healthcare  

E-print Network

Background: Technology, equipment and medical devices are vital for effective healthcare throughout the world but are associated with risks. These risks include device failure, inappropriate use, insufficient user-training ...

Akiyama, Masanori

242

Architecting the Healthcare System for Stakeholder Value  

E-print Network

The healthcare industry is a complex socio technical system comprised of multiple stakeholders driven by incentives, which often times are not aligned with one another, and with compromised ability to deliver to the patient ...

Fradinho Oliveira, Jorge

2009-01-21

243

Leading ladies: women in healthcare leadership.  

PubMed

Women represent an overwhelming majority of the healthcare workforce, yet they are significantly underrepresented in leadership positions, particularly at the executive and board levels. However, women are uniquely positioned to leverage traits such as compassion, transparency, and the ability to foster teamwork to lead organizations into the next phase of contemporary healthcare delivery. In the future, the pace with which women gain access to the C-suite will accelerate as organizations embrace diversity and select the best qualified leaders in terms of both experience and leadership style that supports organizational culture. While the future for women in healthcare leadership looks bright, many women are currently struggling to reach the executive office, facing glass ceilings, competing priorities, and lack of access to support and guidance. In this article I discuss the role of women in healthcare leadership and offer practical suggestions on how women can reach the top echelon and achieve their goals and aspirations. PMID:22787907

Fontenot, Teri

2012-01-01

244

Child prostitution in Thailand.  

PubMed

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central and South America and Asia. Of all the south-east Asian nations, the problem is most prolific in Thailand. In Thailand, there appears to be a long history of child prostitution, and this article explores the factors that underpin the Thai child sex industry and the lessons and implications that can be drawn for health care and nursing around the world. PMID:18469298

Lau, Carmen

2008-06-01

245

Foundation for Child Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foundation for Child Development \\"is a national, private philanthropy dedicated to the principle that all families should have the social and material resources to raise their children to be healthy, educated and productive members of their communities.\\" The Foundation seeks to help the disadvantaged especially, and works with families, schools, other non-profits, businesses and government. On the site, those interested in Child Development will find links to Public Policy at both the state and national level. Information about immigrant children as well as their own Child Well-Being Index. Also on the site are the archives of their in house publication \\"Learning Curve\\" where users can find articles on a plethora of topics ranging from \\"Fighting Fade-Out by advancing PK-3 Alignment\\" and \\"PK-3 Indicators available on Child Trends DataBank\\". Overall, a useful tool for students, instructors and professionals involved in Child Development.

2006-12-19

246

Healthcare facilities management: state of the art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following increases in national demands on healthcare facilities and services, healthcare facilities management (FM) has gradually matured to become an established research and development topic. This paper reviews the state of the art in the main domains related to healthcare FM and defines the central themes in the development of a healthcare FM model. FM, maintenance management and performance management

Igal M. Shohet; Sarel Lavy

2004-01-01

247

CSCW Research in Healthcare: Past, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The healthcare domain is a key area for CSCW research. This workshop on CSCW research in healthcare has three main goals. First, we will explore the contributions that CSCW research has made to our understanding of collaboration in the healthcare setting. Second, we will identify challenges to conducting CSCW research in the healthcare field. Third, we will develop a research

Madhu C. Reddy; Jakob Bardram; Paul Gorman

2010-01-01

248

Behavior-Based Access Control for Distributed Healthcare Systems  

E-print Network

Behavior-Based Access Control for Distributed Healthcare Systems Mohammad H. Yarmand, Kamran healthcare systems. The amalgamation of new information tech- nology with traditional healthcare workflows requirements. In this paper we present a novel access control model compliant with healthcare standards based

Sartipi, Kamran

249

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare  

E-print Network

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare Position: Mechanical Engineer elongation. ElgemsMoked@ge.com-CV www.gehealthcare.com We are GE Healthcare, a $17 billion division of General Electric Company. GE Healthcare's broad range of products and services enable healthcare providers

Rimon, Elon

250

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare  

E-print Network

Be a part of something bigger than yourself GE Healthcare Position: Mechanical Engineer Job Healthcare, a $17 billion division of General Electric Company. GE Healthcare's broad range of products and services enable healthcare providers to better diagnose and treat cancer, heart disease, neurological

Rimon, Elon

251

InjectingaHealthyDoseofSecurity Healthcare breach statistics  

E-print Network

InjectingaHealthyDoseofSecurity Healthcare breach statistics © 2014 AT&T Intellectual Property. All Breaches Climb 138%." Healthcare IT News (February 6, 2014). McCann, Erin. "Healthcare's Slack Security Costs $1.6B." Healthcare IT News (February 3, 2014). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: "Data

Fisher, Kathleen

252

Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose?  

E-print Network

Healthcare 2015: Win-win or lose-lose? IBM Global Business Services Healthcare A portrait of the full report, please visit ibm.com/healthcare/hc2015 #12;IBM Institute for Business Value IBM Global;Executive Summary Healthcare is in crisis. While this is not news for many countries, we believe what is now

253

Healthcare 2015 and U.S. health plans  

E-print Network

Healthcare 2015 and U.S. health plans New roles, new competencies Healthcare IBM Institute the authors or send an e-mail to iibv@us.ibm.com for more information. #12; The U.S. healthcare system, consumption and delivery of healthcare that will redefine the way health plans compete and operate

254

Diversion of Benzodiazepines through Healthcare Sources  

PubMed Central

Background Benzodiazepines (BZ) are often diverted from legal sources to illicit markets at various points in the distribution process which begins with a pharmaceutical manufacturer, followed by distribution to healthcare providers, and finally, to the intended users. Little is known about the extent of BZ diversion involving distribution points directly related to healthcare sources (e.g., a script doctor) as opposed to points further down the distribution chain (e.g., street dealers). The present study examines the scope of BZ diversion via mechanisms directly related to a healthcare source. It examines the association between BZ dependence and the direct utilization of particular healthcare-related diversion sources among a diverse sample of prescription drug abusers in South Florida. Method Cross-sectional data were collected from five different groups of drug users: methadone-maintenance clients (n = 247), street drug users (n = 238), public-pay treatment clients (n = 246), private-pay treatment clients (n = 228), and stimulant using men who have sex with men (MSM; n = 248). Results Findings suggest that those ages 26 to 35 years old, non-Hispanic White participants, private-pay treatment clients, those who are insured, and those with higher incomes had higher odds of utilizing healthcare diversion sources. Participants utilized a pharmacy as a diversion source more than other healthcare sources of diversion, and the highest number of BZs were obtained from doctor shopping compared to other diversion sources. Those who reported BZ dependence also had 2.5 times greater odds of using a healthcare source to obtain BZs than those who did not meet criteria for dependence. Discussion Prevention of BZ diversion through healthcare sources should include strategies to reduce doctor shopping and diversion from pharmacies. PMID:23662331

Ibañez, Gladys E.; Levi-Minzi, Maria A.; Rigg, Khary K.; Mooss, Angela D.

2013-01-01

255

PERSONALIZED HEALTHCARE COMMUNICATION IN INTERNET OF THINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized healthcare is a challenge because supports the sustainability of care. Internet of Things is a paradigm promising to manage the digital identity, so the personalization of care services. Different equipment is used in extra-wall healthcare and assistive services, requiring different sorts of objects to communicate and to make the ubiquitous system-of-system. Extended entities and mixed roles are becoming inter-operable.

Mikhail Simonov; Riccardo Zich; Flavia Mazzitelli

256

Educational responses to unethical healthcare practice.  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to explore explanations for unethical healthcare practice and identify educational responses. The meaning of unethical practice is outlined and causes of it are suggested, primarily relating to individual perpetrators and organisational culture or climate. Empirical and theoretical literature is reviewed and research findings are discussed. Individual resilience and the ethical climate of healthcare organisations are considered as responses to unethical practice. Role modelling is explored, acknowledging the role of effective leadership. PMID:22848954

Grob, Catherine; Leng, Jane; Gallagher, Ann

257

Advanced networks and computing in healthcare  

PubMed Central

As computing and network capabilities continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to understand the varied applications for using them to provide healthcare. The objective of this review is to identify key characteristics and attributes of healthcare applications involving the use of advanced computing and communication technologies, drawing upon 45 research and development projects in telemedicine and other aspects of healthcare funded by the National Library of Medicine over the past 12?years. Only projects publishing in the professional literature were included in the review. Four projects did not publish beyond their final reports. In addition, the authors drew on their first-hand experience as project officers, reviewers and monitors of the work. Major themes in the corpus of work were identified, characterizing key attributes of advanced computing and network applications in healthcare. Advanced computing and network applications are relevant to a range of healthcare settings and specialties, but they are most appropriate for solving a narrower range of problems in each. Healthcare projects undertaken primarily to explore potential have also demonstrated effectiveness and depend on the quality of network service as much as bandwidth. Many applications are enabling, making it possible to provide service or conduct research that previously was not possible or to achieve outcomes in addition to those for which projects were undertaken. Most notable are advances in imaging and visualization, collaboration and sense of presence, and mobility in communication and information-resource use. PMID:21486877

Ackerman, Michael

2011-01-01

258

Asthma Outcomes: Healthcare Utilization and Costs  

PubMed Central

Background Measures of healthcare utilization and indirect impact of asthma morbidity are used to assess clinical interventions and estimate cost. Objective National Institutes of Health (NIH) institutes and other federal agencies convened an expert group to propose standardized measurement, collection, analysis, and reporting of healthcare utilization and cost outcomes in future asthma studies. Methods We used comprehensive literature reviews and expert opinion to compile a list of asthma healthcare utilization outcomes that we classified as core (required in future studies), supplemental (used according to study aims and standardized) and emerging (requiring validation and standardization). We also have identified methodology to assign cost to these outcomes. This work was discussed at an NIH-organized workshop in March 2010 and finalized in September 2011. Results We identified 3 ways to promote comparability across clinical trials for measures of healthcare utilization, resource use, and cost: (1) specify the study perspective (patient, clinician, payer, society), (2) standardize the measurement period (ideally, 12 months), and (3) use standard units to measure healthcare utilization and other asthma-related events. Conclusions Large clinical trials and observational studies should collect and report detailed information on healthcare utilization, intervention resources, and indirect impact of asthma, so that costs can be calculated and cost-effectiveness analyses can be conducted across several studies. Additional research is needed to develop standard, validated survey instruments for collection of provider-reported and participant-reported data regarding asthma-related health care. PMID:22386509

Akinbami, Lara J.; Sullivan, Sean D.; Campbell, Jonathan D.; Grundmeier, Robert W.; Hartert, Tina V.; Lee, Todd A.; Smith, Robert A.

2014-01-01

259

[Geriatric outpatient healthcare: hierarchical demand structuring].  

PubMed

In Brazil, the rapid growth of the elderly population has been causing a great impact on the healthcare system, with increased costs and service utilization. The inefficiency of traditional models for geriatric healthcare has made it essential to change the healthcare concepts for this population. This can take place through the development of new healthcare models that include the means to identify, assess and treat elderly patients with a variety of morbid and functional conditions, and which can be applied diverse healthcare scenarios. An outpatient model is proposed, with two stages that differ in the depth and coverage of their actions. These stages are organized as increasing levels of complexity and are capable of selecting subgroups of individuals that, because of their risk characteristics, should follow different paths through the healthcare structure. This paper discusses the first stage of this model, which involves risk identification among large groups of elderly people, by means of structuring a hierarchical flow of actions and using assessment tools of adequate sensitivity and specificity. Individuals aged 65 years or over who are detected through walk-in outpatient consultation, home visits or telephone interview are classified using a rapid screening risk evaluation instrument composed of eight items. Depending upon the level of risk presented, the individual will either be referred to another level of functional evaluation (medium-high and high risk levels), or to normal clinical care and old people's community centers (low and medium risk levels). The second stage will be the subject of a subsequent paper. PMID:15895154

Lourenço, Roberto Alves; Martins, Cláudia de Souza Ferreira; Sanchez, Maria Angélica S; Veras, Renato Peixoto

2005-04-01

260

Applications of Business Analytics in Healthcare  

PubMed Central

The American healthcare system is at a crossroads, and analytics, as an organizational skill, figures to play a pivotal role in its future. As more healthcare systems capture information electronically and as they begin to collect more novel forms of data, such as human DNA, how will we leverage these resources and use them to improve human health at a manageable cost? In this article, we argue that analytics will play a fundamental role in the transformation of the American healthcare system. However, there are numerous challenges to the application and use of analytics, namely the lack of data standards, barriers to the collection of high-quality data, and a shortage of qualified personnel to conduct such analyses. There are also multiple managerial issues, such as how to get end users of electronic data to employ it consistently for improving healthcare delivery, and how to manage the public reporting and sharing of data. In this article, we explore applications of analytics in healthcare, barriers and facilitators to its widespread adoption, and how analytics can help us achieve the goals of the modern healthcare system: high-quality, responsive, affordable, and efficient care. PMID:25429161

Ward, Michael J.; Marsolo, Keith A.

2014-01-01

261

Customer privacy on UK healthcare websites.  

PubMed

Privacy has been and continues to be one of the key challenges of an age devoted to the accumulation, processing, and mining of electronic information. In particular, privacy of healthcare-related information is seen as a key issue as health organizations move towards the electronic provision of services. The aim of the research detailed in this paper has been to analyse privacy policies on popular UK healthcare-related websites to determine the extent to which consumer privacy is protected. The author has combined approaches (such as approaches focused on usability, policy content, and policy quality) used in studies by other researchers on e-commerce and US healthcare websites to provide a comprehensive analysis of UK healthcare privacy policies. The author identifies a wide range of issues related to the protection of consumer privacy through his research analysis using quantitative results. The main outcomes from the author's research are that only 61% of healthcare-related websites in their sample group posted privacy policies. In addition, most of the posted privacy policies had poor readability standards and included a variety of privacy vulnerability statements. Overall, the author's findings represent significant current issues in relation to healthcare information protection on the Internet. The hope is that raising awareness of these results will drive forward changes in the industry, similar to those experienced with information quality. PMID:16954055

Mundy, Darren P

2006-09-01

262

Child protection network and the intersector implementation of the circle of security as alternatives to medication?  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To describe the clinical history of a child with aggressive behavior and recurring death-theme speech, and report the experience of the team of authors, who proposed an alternative to medication through the establishment of a protection network and the inter-sector implementation of the circle of security concept. Case description: A 5-year-old child has a violent and aggressive behavior at the daycare. The child was diagnosed by the healthcare center with depressive disorder and behavioral disorder, and was medicated with sertraline and risperidone. Side effects were observed, and the medications were discontinued. Despite several actions, such as talks, teamwork, psychological and psychiatric follow-up, the child's behavior remained unchanged. Remarks: A unique therapeutic project was developed by Universidade Estadual de Campinas' Medical School students in order to establish a connection between the entities responsible for the child's care (daycare center, healthcare center, and family). Thus, the team was able to develop a basic care protection network. The implementation of the inter-sector circle of security, as well as the communication and cooperation among the teams, produced very favorable results in this case. This initiative was shown to be a feasible and effective alternative to the use of medication for this child. PMID:25479857

Becker, Ana Laura Martins M.M.; de Souza, Paulo Haddad; de Oliveira, Mônica Martins; Paraguay, Nestor Luiz Bruzzi B.

2014-01-01

263

Course Objective 1 1a,1c,1e Describe the unique features of pediatric healthcare compared to adult healthcare  

E-print Network

features of pediatric healthcare compared to adult healthcare 2 1a,1b Describe how of processes of care and healthcare costs 7 1e Explain the connectionbetween systeoms of care to excellence in healthcare delivery 8 1b,1c List the typical components

Myers, Lawrence C.

264

US Healthcare Issues in the Political DebateUS Healthcare Issues in the Political Debate Presentation to the  

E-print Network

US Healthcare Issues in the Political DebateUS Healthcare Issues in the Political Debate Presentation to the Farm Policy Study Group #12;Objectivesj · Overview of the Regenstrief Center for Healthcare i iEngineering · Healthcare Issues in the Political Debate ­ The Sound Bites Behind the Sound Bites

265

Child Outcome Measures in the Study of Child Care Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses whether there are methodological problems with child outcome measures that may contribute to the small associations between child care quality and child outcomes found in the literature. Outcome measures used in 65 studies of child care quality published between 1979 and December 2005 were examined, taking the previous review…

Zaslow, Martha; Halle, Tamara; Martin, Laurie; Cabrera, Natasha; Calkins, Julia; Pitzer, Lindsay; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

2006-01-01

266

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Ambika Krishnakumar, Chair, 315 Irene Kehres, Director of Undergraduate Studies, 315-443-9634 The Department of Child and Family Studies healthy family and child development. Students are involved in learning both in class and field

McConnell, Terry

267

Child maltreatment in India.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

2013-11-01

268

Cyber child sexual exploitation.  

PubMed

A 2-year review of 285 child cyber crime cases reported in the newspaper revealed how the Internet offenders were apprehended, the content of child pornography, and crime classification. A subsample of 100 cases with data on offender occupation revealed 73% of cases involved people in positions of authority. The dynamics of child cyber crime cases direct the implications for nursing practice in terms of evidence-based suspicion for reporting, categorizing the content of Internet images, referral of children for counseling, and treatment of offenders. PMID:18822999

Burgess, Ann Wolbert; Mahoney, Meghan; Visk, Julie; Morgenbesser, Leonard

2008-09-01

269

Child universes UV regularization?  

E-print Network

It is argued that high energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling prevents these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which takes into account gravitational effects. Also child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed.

E. I. Guendelman

2007-03-26

270

Trends in Family Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents insights from various readers of "ExchangeEveryDay" regarding trends in the world of family child care. Kathleen Reticker of Acre Family Child Care in Lowell, Massachusetts thinks an increasing trend in Family Child Care is the pressure to emulate a Center, instead of seeing family child care as a different model. Over the…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

271

Early Child Care in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reviews current views on the child and its development, the nature of the compact between family and society, general planning, the family, specific programs, training of professional personnel, dissemination of information on child rearing, research on the infant and preschool child, and future prospects as they relate to child

Ziemska, Maria

1978-01-01

272

Application for Child Care Subsidy  

E-print Network

Application for Child Care Subsidy FIRST ELIGIBLE CHILD'S NAME: AGE: SEMESTER AND YEAR OF FIRST.M.A. candidates in a program in the Arts and Sciences are eligible to receive a $1,000 subsidy for each child who per eligible child per academic year, even if both parents are GSAS students. INFORMATION ON ELIGIBLE

Adams, Mark

273

Your Child's Vision  

MedlinePLUS

... such as squinting or frequent headaches occur. (Many times, a teacher will notice that a child isn't seeing well in class.) Kids who wear prescription glasses or contacts should have annual checkups by an eye doctor ...

274

Concussion - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... avoid activities that need concentration, such as reading, homework, and complex tasks. When you go home from ... missed work right away Reducing the amount of homework or classwork your child does for a while ...

275

Stop Child Poverty  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of international organizations are committed to helping end child poverty, and one of the best known of their number is the Global Volunteer Network. Through their advocacy work and the Stop Child Poverty campaign, they are dedicated to the proposition that child poverty can be completed eradicated. Through sections titled "Learn It", "Live It", and "Pass it On", visitors to this site will learn about the "big picture" of child poverty and how they can become directly involved in any number of volunteer projects. The "Pass It On" area is quite fine in this regard, as visitors can look over a message board where they can discuss the campaign, and then use a zip-code search engine to find volunteer opportunities in their area.

276

Child abuse - physical  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse Being a single parent Lack of education Poverty However, it is important to note that cases ... or mental illness Have high stress factors, including poverty Not look after the child's hygiene or care ...

277

FPG Child Development Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... and Evaluation Featured Projects Children Living in Rural Poverty: Phase 3 of the Family Life Project The ... might accentuate or deflect risk associated with race, poverty, and child characteristics. Evaluation of Georgia's Pre-Kindergarten ...

278

Choosing Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... 5. Back Continue At the End of the Day After all your research, interviewing, and observing, you ... still have doubts, daily reports about your child's day or frequent visits to the care facility can ...

279

Wormholes and Child Universes  

E-print Network

Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe pr...

Guendelman, E I

2010-01-01

280

NYU Child Study Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Read More >> Developing Healthy Eating Behaviors Read More ... can help a child attend New York's first all-day, evidence-based, therapeutic program devoted exclusively to children with Attention Deficit ...

281

Child Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... doctor or mental health specialist looks at your child's signs and symptoms, medical history, and family history. Treatments include medicines and talk therapy. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

282

Child Maltreatment Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... Sources Prevention Strategies Publications Risk and Protective Factors Translation Additional Resources References Fang X, Brown DS, Florence ... Links Publications Health Outcome Year Consequences Prevention ... Resources CDC Special Supplement: Interrupting Child Maltreatment ...

283

Child safety seats  

MedlinePLUS

... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

284

Substance abuse among oral healthcare workers.  

PubMed

The abuse of both licit and illicit substances by the general population affects at least one in ten people. Research shows that the oral healthcare worker has at least the same prevalence of substance abuse, perhaps even higher. The emergence of prescription drug abuse is one of the most worrying and dangerous aspects for the healthcare worker, due to ease of access to such drugs. According to the United Nations, prescription drug abuse is amongst the top three practices of substance abuse. We have an obligation to incorporate the evidence of substance abuse among oral healthcare professionals in our undergraduate dental curricula in order to combat this phenomenon. As the stress of daily survival in single practitioner practices increase, so will the danger of substance abuse. This may lead to impairment of the healthcare worker and ultimately loss of registration. It will take a combined effort from organised dentistry and academic institutions to establish a national strategy to ensure we address this important issue at undergraduate level and provide support at practitioner level. This paper will deal with substance abuse and the implications of impairment it holds for the oral healthcare worker. PMID:24984387

Marnewick, J C; van Zyl, A W

2014-05-01

285

Active X based standards for healthcare integration.  

PubMed

With cost pressures brought to the forefront by the growth of managed care, the integration of healthcare information systems is more important than ever. Providers of healthcare information are under increasing pressure to provide timely information to end users in a cost effective manner. Organizations have had to decide between the strong functionality that a multi-vendor 'best of breed' architecture provides and the strong integration provided by a single-vendor solution. As connectivity between systems increased, these interfaces were migrated to work across serial and eventually, network, connections. In addition, the content of the information became standardized through efforts like HL7 and ANSI X12 and Edifact. Although content-based standards go a long way towards facilitating interoperability, there is also quite a bit of work required to connect two systems even when they both adhere to the standard. A key to accomplishing this goal is increasing the connectivity between disparate systems in the healthcare environment. Microsoft is working with healthcare organizations and independent software vendors to bring Microsoft's powerful enterprise object technology, ActiveX, to the healthcare industry. Whilst object orientation has been heralded as the 'next big thing' in computer applications development, Microsoft believe that, in fact, component software is the technology which will provide the greatest benefit to end users. PMID:9600418

Greenberg, D S; Welcker, B

1998-02-01

286

Is it ethical for a medical practice to dismiss a family based on their decision not to have their child immunized?  

PubMed

The parents' decision not to have their child immunized stirs up much controversy in the public sector and in the healthcare arena. Much debate surrounds not just the parents' choice but also the practitioner's decision to refuse care based on their refusal. This article presents a common and increasing scenario faced in pediatric practices and explores the ethical implications that it poses for the healthcare provider. PMID:22124471

Nulty, Dorothy

2011-01-01

287

Emergency maternal and child health training courses and advocacy to achieve millennium development goals in a poorly resourced country; challenges and opportunities.  

PubMed

Our three years' experience of Essential Surgical Skills-Emergency Maternal and Child Health (ESS-EMCH) Programme in Pakistan suggests that despite a compromised healthcare delivery system, a tangible improvement in the management of emergencies in pregnancy, the neonate and children can be achieved by adopting a novel but robust mechanism of effective advocacy along with provision of innovative, evidence based and high quality training for healthcare staff. PMID:19402289

Hafeez, Assad; Zafar, Shamsa; Qureshi, Farrukh; Mirza, Irfan; Bile, Khalif; Southall, David P

2009-04-01

288

Healthcare @ the speed of thought.  

PubMed

It is daunting to realize that we have just touched the surface of health-related Internet web sites. The use of the Internet as a vital patient care tool is a very real prospect on the near horizon. Yet most hospital systems and physicians groups today just use the Net to post "billboards.'' In the rest of America, the Internet has been much more than a billboard. It has changed the way business is conducted. There's e-mail. There's e-trading for those who invest. On mother's day moms receive e-cards, and there is e-commerce which includes buying and selling online, and also collecting and organizing data that will help a business serve customers better, building that relationship. The Internet is a transaction tool. The latest survey indicates that the volume of commerce on the Net has grown 300% this year over last. According to a survey sponsored by Cisco Systems. Net sales volume accounts for $200 billion and is doubling every 6 months. And, the search for health information is among the top three reasons people use the web. The surveys indicate that people would like better communication with their physicians and most would like to communicate by e-mail. Yet, very few physicians are interested. As part of the research for this article we reviewed dozens of web sites for hospitals and medical groups. While some of these sites are attractive, most simply don't do anything more than provide maps and telephone numbers. People might as well look in the Yellow Pages for the information they can find on th web. Meanwhile, a number of well-funded health sites have sprung up just in the past few months. We searched the web to find sites that would actually allow people to interact in ways that went beyond just finding information. Clearly there is movement toward the ability to conduct transactions over the Net, i.e, patient monitoring, checking on status of claims, ask-a-doc, etc. But, we are just at the front end of this movement and physicians and hospitals have an opportunity to play a leadership role. A number of the sites reviewed for this article, for example, offer the patient the ability to develop his or her own health record and maintain it on the web. It is not conceivable that a healthcare system, along with its affiliated physician, might develop a secure web site that included a combined inpatient and outpatient rcord, accessible electronically by patients and authorized providers from any telephone in the world. It is clear that armed with Internet data, consumers will play an increasingly important role in their own care. Employers are acquiescing to their demands for increasing choice. Copayments are also going up and employees are likely to vote with their feet in selecting providers. Companies like WebMd, Physicians Online, Planetrx.com, drugstore.com, Yahoo and the other mentioned above are filling a need. It should be a wakeup call for healthcare systems and physicians. According to the latest data from Medimetrix, (see medimetrix.com), the most frequently visited health sites on the web today are Intelihealth.com (Johns Hopkins), Mayohealth.org, and OnHealth.com. These sites provide a highly interactive experience for consumers and tons of news and information. They are compelling and traffic-building, have fresh news that is frequently updated and many are transaction. That's what people want. There are so many potential uses of the Internet for physicians and hospitals that it is difficult to properly cover them in this article. Why shouldn't a patient be able to check the status of their account? Has the insurance paid? Is there a patient balance? Consumers can check their bank balances on the Internet. Why not their hospital or medical office accounts? Why not let them pay their balances online? As noted above, some the the HMOs are providing account status information to patients already. Why not the hospitals and physicians? Web sites are multiplying like rabbits. It's going to take a lot of effort to PMID:10557655

Cochrane, J D

1999-05-01

289

Wormholes and Child Universes  

E-print Network

Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which take into account semiclassically gravitational effects. Child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular the connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed. Some discussion of superexcited states in the case these states are Kaluza Klein excitations is carried out. Finally, the posibility of obtaining "string like" effects from the wormholes associated with the child universes is discussed.

E. I. Guendelman

2010-03-21

290

76 FR 68189 - Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRADE COMMISSION [File No. 111 0097] Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed...Commission'') has accepted from Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc. (``Healthcare Technology''), subject to final...

2011-11-03

291

Best practice in healthcare environment decontamination.  

PubMed

There is now strong evidence that surface contamination is linked to healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs). Cleaning and disinfection should be sufficient to decrease the microbial bioburden from surfaces in healthcare settings, and, overall, help in decreasing infections. It is, however, not necessarily the case. Evidence suggests that there is a link between educational interventions and a reduction in infections. To improve the overall efficacy and appropriate usage of disinfectants, manufacturers need to engage with the end users in providing clear claim information and product usage instructions. This review provides a clear analysis of the scientific evidence supporting the role of surfaces in HCAIs and the role of education in decreasing such infections. It also examines the debate opposing the use of cleaning versus disinfection in healthcare settings. PMID:25060802

Siani, H; Maillard, J-Y

2015-01-01

292

Overview of healthcare system in the Czech Republic  

PubMed Central

The healthcare system in the Czech Republic underwent and still is undergoing dramatic changes since the Velvet revolution in 1989. History of the Czech healthcare system, main healthcare laws, and the current status of healthcare documented in the main healthcare indicators is described based on the several main sources as well as delivery of health services and the role of the main actors in healthcare system. The material is based mainly on Czech Health Statistics 2009, and HiT Summary, Health Care Systems in Translation, 2005, public information of Ministry of Health CR. PMID:22738178

2012-01-01

293

Research management in healthcare informatics - experiences from Norway.  

PubMed

This paper reports on the experiences with establishing a multidisciplinary healthcare informatics research community at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, Norway. A multidisciplinary research group in healthcare informatics must maintain strong connections to computer science, social science, biomedicine and healthcare researchers. Those organizing the research must create a milieu that fosters true collaboration across disciplines. The researchers must have good access to healthcare institutions, to healthcare professionals as well as to patients. A healthcare informatics laboratory creates an arena for experiments as well as for validation of health-it technologies. PMID:21893892

Faxvaag, Arild; Toussaint, Pieter; Johansen, Trond S

2011-01-01

294

Genetic Epidemiology and Preventive Healthcare in Multiethnic Societies: The Hemoglobinopathies  

PubMed Central

Healthy carriers of severe Hemoglobinopathies are usually asymptomatic and only efficiently detected through screening campaigns. Based upon epidemiological data, screenings have been offered for decades to populations of endemic Southern Europe for primary prevention of Thalassemia Major, while for many populations of the highly endemic African and Asian countries prevention for Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia Major is mainly unavailable. The massive migrations of the last decades have brought many healthy carriers of these diseases to live and reproduce in non-endemic immigration areas changing the epidemiological pattern of the local recessive diseases and bringing an urgent need for treatment and primary prevention in welfare countries. Nonetheless, no screening for an informed reproductive choice is actively offered by the healthcare systems of most of these welfare countries. As a consequence more children affected with severe Hemoglobinopathies are born today in the immigration countries of Northern Europe than in the endemic Southern European area. Following the Mediterranean example, some countries like the UK and The Netherlands have been offering early pregnancy carrier screening at different levels and/or in specific areas but more accessible measures need to be taken at the national level in all immigration countries. Identification of carriers using simple and inexpensive methods should be included in the Rhesus and infectious diseases screening which is offered early in pregnancy in most developed countries. This would allow identification of couples at risk in time for an informed choice and for prenatal diagnosis if required before the first affected child is born. PMID:24921462

Giordano, Piero C.; Harteveld, Cornelis L.; Bakker, Egbert

2014-01-01

295

Improving preparation for senior management in healthcare.  

PubMed

Noting the historical and practical relationship of management education in healthcare to business generally, this paper reviews and analyzes four recent criticisms of management education by Pfeffer and Fong, Ghoshal, Mintzberg, and Bennis. It concludes from that analysis that increased effort on assessing and improving healthcare education efforts is essential, and proposes a model for a national program of continuous improvement of educational practice. It reviews existing competency assessment tools in the light of needs, and suggests next steps for educators and practitioners. PMID:17847864

Griffith, John R

2007-01-01

296

The normalization of deviance in healthcare delivery  

PubMed Central

Many serious medical errors result from violations of recognized standards of practice. Over time, even egregious violations of standards of practice may become “normalized” in healthcare delivery systems. This article describes what leads to this normalization and explains why flagrant practice deviations can persist for years, despite the importance of the standards at issue. This article also provides recommendations to aid healthcare organizations in identifying and managing unsafe practice deviations before they become normalized and pose genuine risks to patient safety, quality care, and employee morale. PMID:20161685

Banja, John

2009-01-01

297

A Reflection on Healthcare Reform Policy Analysis: The Catamount Healthcare, an Initiative Healthcare Plan to Cover the Uninsured in Vermont  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is policy analysis? How can it serve the needs of advocacy for social change, especially for the issue of the right to health? I address these questions by reflecting on my own experience as a policy analyst intern focusing on universal healthcare at ALANA Community Organization (ALANA), Brattleboro Vermont. I started my professional practicum in June 2006. As a

Quynh Chi Nguyen

2007-01-01

298

Networkcentric healthcare: applying the tools, techniques and strategies of knowledge management to create superior healthcare operations.  

PubMed

The proliferation of Information Computer and Communication Technologies (IC2T) throughout the business environment has led to exponentially increasing amounts of data and information. Although these technologies were implemented to enhance and facilitate superior decision-making, the reality is information overload. Knowledge Management (KM) is a recent management technique designed to make sense of this information chaos. Critical to knowledge management is the application of IC2T. This paper discusses how effective and efficient healthcare operations can ensue through the adoption of a networkcentric healthcare perspective that is grounded in process-oriented knowledge generation and enabled through World Healthcare Information Grid (WHIG). PMID:18048258

von Lubitz, Dag; Wickramasinghe, Nilmini

2006-01-01

299

Child malnutrition and the Millennium Development Goals: much haste but less speed?  

PubMed

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a framework for measuring the progress of nations. Several of these goals relate to child malnutrition, which remains an important contributor to child morbidity and mortality, accounting for approximately 45% of child deaths globally. A high proportion of undernourished children still live in Africa and parts of Asia, and the uneven rate of reduction in the prevalence of various types of child malnutrition among different income groups worldwide is worrying. Attempts to reduce child malnutrition should therefore begin from the grassroots by improving primary healthcare services in developing countries with particular focus on basic requirements. Adequate nutrition should be provided from birth, through infancy, preschool and early childhood to adolescence. The overall strategy should be one of careful and meticulous planning involving all development sectors with an emphasis on a bottom-up approach within a stable and disciplined polity; the MDGs will be only be useful if they are seen not as narrow objectives with unidirectional interventions but as multifaceted and co-ordinated. The setting of deadlines, whether 2015 or 2035, should not be emphasised so as to avoid hasty decision making. The top priority should be the implementation of the essential social services of basic education, primary healthcare, nutrition, reproductive health care, water and sanitation in partnership with the developed economies. PMID:25613961

Oruamabo, Raphael S

2015-02-01

300

Disparities in Healthcare for Racial, Ethnic, and Sexual Minorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter situates healthcare as a concern for the field of adult education through a critique of disparities in access to healthcare, quality of care received, and caregiver services for racial, ethnic, and sexual minorities.

Collins, Joshua C.; Rocco, Tonette S.

2014-01-01

301

Picture archiving and communications systems for integrated healthcare information solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid and dramatic shifts within the US healthcare industry have created unprecedented needs to implement changes in the delivery systems. These changes must not only address the access to healthcare, but the costs of delivery, and outcomes reporting. The resulting vision to address these needs has been called the Integrated Healthcare Solution whose core is the Electronic Patient Record. The integration of information by itself is not the issue, nor will it address the challenges in front of the healthcare providers. The process and business of healthcare delivery must adopt, apply and expand its use of technology which can assist in re-engineering the tools for healthcare. Imaging is becoming a larger part of the practice of healthcare both as a recorder of health status and as a defensive record for gatekeepers of healthcare. It is thus imperative that imaging specialists adopt technology which competitively integrates them into the process, reduces the risk, and positively effects the outcome.

Goldburgh, Mitchell M.; Glicksman, Robert A.; Wilson, Dennis L.

1997-05-01

302

Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Effect on Patient Behavior  

E-print Network

Healthcare facilities are recognizable as organized, clean, and functional environments that enable health practices to be carried out easily. However, most healthcare facilities do not take into account how design may affect patient welfare...

Rice, Courtney R.

2010-07-14

303

Home Healthcare Workers: How to Prevent Latex Allergies  

MedlinePLUS

... can help prevent allergic reactions for both home healthcare workers and their clients. LATEX EXPOSURE REACTIONS Three ... being used). • Inform your employer and your personal healthcare professionals that you have latex allergy. • Wear a ...

304

Transition to cloud computing in healthcare information systems  

E-print Network

This thesis is a study on the adoption of cloud computing in healthcare information technology industry. It provides a guideline for people who are trying to bring cloud computing into healthcare information systems through ...

Ren, Haiying, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

305

The school age child with congenital heart disease.  

PubMed

Currently, in the United States, there are approximately 1 in 150 adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD) (). Infant and childhood mortality related to CHD decreased by 31% between 1987 and 2005 (). This survival trend is predicted to increase each year due to advancements in treatment and management of CHD. This significant shift in the epidemiology of CHD requires nurses to take action in preparing children with CHD and their families for their teenage years and young adulthood. The school-age child is the ideal age to begin teaching the child about their healthcare needs and how to care for themselves in preparation for the future. The school-age child with CHD has specific physical, intellectual, emotional, and developmental needs that must be considered and managed using a multidisciplinary approach. Pediatric nurses must be aware of these needs as they help the child and their family seamlessly and successfully transition into young adulthood as a happy and healthy CHD survivor. PMID:25330332

Boyle, Lynn; Kelly, Michelle M; Reynolds, Kathryn; Conlan, Misty; Taylor, Felisha

2015-01-01

306

Lean healthcare: rhetoric, ritual and resistance.  

PubMed

This paper presents an ethnographic account of the implementation of Lean service redesign methodologies in one UK NHS hospital operating department. It is suggested that this popular management 'technology', with its emphasis on creating value streams and reducing waste, has the potential to transform the social organisation of healthcare work. The paper locates Lean healthcare within wider debates related to the standardisation of clinical practice, the re-configuration of occupational boundaries and the stratification of clinical communities. Drawing on the 'technologies-in-practice' perspective the study is attentive to the interaction of both the intent to transform work and the response of clinicians to this intent as an ongoing and situated social practice. In developing this analysis this article explores three dimensions of social practice to consider the way Lean is interpreted and articulated (rhetoric), enacted in social practice (ritual), and experienced in the context of prevailing lines of power (resistance). Through these interlinked analytical lenses the paper suggests the interaction of Lean and clinical practice remains contingent and open to negotiation. In particular, Lean follows in a line of service improvements that bring to the fore tensions between clinicians and service leaders around the social organisation of healthcare work. The paper concludes that Lean might not be the easy remedy for making both efficiency and effectiveness improvements in healthcare. PMID:20702013

Waring, Justin J; Bishop, Simon

2010-10-01

307

Information, knowledge and interoperability for healthcare domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

New technologies have improved the ability of electronically storing, transferring and sharing medical data; they also create serious questions about who has access to this cross-media content and how it is protected and distributed. Our aim is to support healthcare professionals in this changing environment, by providing a set of software tools that help reducing the time and associated costs

Mikhail Simonov; Luca Sammartino; Massimo Ancona; Sonia Pini; Walter Cazzola; Marco Frascio

2005-01-01

308

Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized…

American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

2005-01-01

309

Healthcare Providers' Treatment of College Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 28% of college students smoke tobacco, and many will continue smoking into adulthood. Although little is known about how to help college students quit smoking. I promising strategy is healthcare providers' advice. To estimate their lifetime receipt of brief advice and to identify characteristics that predict who may receive that advice, 348…

Koontz, Jennifer Scott; Harris, Kari Jo; Okuyemi, Kolawole S.; Mosier, Michael C.; Grobe, James; Nazir, Niaman; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2004-01-01

310

Project Control for Healthcare Information Systems Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

If left unchecked, trends in healthcare will overwhelm our tax base. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have the potential to improve quality of care and lower costs. They also have the potential to deliver new forms of care that will save money in the long term. The problem is that information technology projects are difficult to implement. This paper uses

Lorne D. Booker; H. Trabulsi

2009-01-01

311

What's right SHIP & Healthcare Reform Forum  

E-print Network

&Health Reform What's right for you SHIP & Healthcare Reform Forum: What's Right for You Berkeley SHIP compares with the plans available on Covered California health benefit exchange and * offer a Q & A session featuring representatives from Berkeley SHIP and Covered California at the end

Walker, Matthew P.

312

Social Considerations in Ambient Healthcare Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sharing health information with a social network is increasingly recognized as an important motivator in home healthcare. A look at the history of behavioral medicine - smoking cessation, treatment of alcoholism, and weight loss- show the success of social interaction and the formation of a community with shared treatment goals. Weight Watchers, Alcoholics Anonymous, and support groups for all kinds

David Rose; Ben Resner; Joseph' Jofish' Kaye; Ambient Devices

313

Ethics of mandatory vaccination for healthcare workers.  

PubMed

Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of contracting infections at work and further transmitting them to colleagues and patients. Immune HCWs would be protected themselves and act as a barrier against the spread of infections and maintain healthcare delivery during outbreaks, but vaccine uptake rates in HCWs have often been low. In order to achieve adequate immunisation rates in HCWs, mandatory vaccination policies are occasionally implemented by healthcare authorities, but such policies have raised considerable controversy. Here we review the background of this debate, analyse arguments for and against mandatory vaccination policies, and consider the principles and virtues of clinical, professional, institutional and public health ethics. We conclude that there is a moral imperative for HCWs to be immune and for healthcare institutions to ensure HCW vaccination, in particular for those working in settings with high-risk groups of patients. If voluntary uptake of vaccination by HCWs is not optimal, patients’ welfare, public health and also the HCW’s own health interests should outweigh concerns about individual autonomy: fair mandatory vaccination policies for HCWs might be acceptable. Differences in diseases, patient and HCW groups at risk and available vaccines should be taken into consideration when adopting the optimal policy. PMID:24229791

Galanakis, E; Jansen, A; Lopalco, P L; Giesecke, J

2013-01-01

314

CHARACTERIZING, ASSESSING AND IMPROVING HEALTHCARE REFERRAL COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to other health care processes, referrals are susceptible to breakdowns. These breakdowns in the referral process can lead to poor continuity of care, slow diagnostic processes, delays and repetition of tests, patient and provider dissatisfaction, and can lead to a loss of confidence in providers. These facts and the necessity for a deeper understanding of referrals in healthcare served

Adol Esquivel

2008-01-01

315

A Multimodal 3D Healthcare Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a system that integrates gesture recognition and 3D talking head technologies for a patient communication application at a hospital or healthcare setting for supporting patients treated in bed. As a multimodal user interface, we get the input from patients using hand gestures and provide feedback by using a 3D talking avatar.

Cem Keskin; Koray Balci; Oya Aran; Bülent Sankur; Lale Akarun

2007-01-01

316

Security and trust in virtual healthcare communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of a virtual healthcare community is to enforce members' collaboration and allow them collectively conduct health care activities. Patient monitoring and medical consultation and support are the most popular activities inside health care communities. They bring together medical experts and patients and require confidentiality, reliability and trust in order to be successful. An examination of existing virtual

Anargyros Chryssanthou; Iraklis Varlamis; Charikleia Latsiou

2009-01-01

317

School of Healthcare Sciences Undergraduate Degree Programmes  

E-print Network

9 Midwifery 10 Adult Nursing 11 Children's Nursing 12 Mental Health Nursing 13 Occupational Therapy 14 Operating Department Practice 15 Physiotherapy 16 Radiotherapy and Oncology 17 Facilities 19 is a new School, made up of the former Schools of Nursing and Midwifery and Healthcare Studies. As such

Martin, Ralph R.

318

Maternal healthcare in migrants: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Pregnancy is a period of increased vulnerability for migrant women, and access to healthcare, use and quality of care provided during this period are important aspects to characterize the support provided to this population. A systematic review of the scientific literature contained in the MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases was carried out, searching for population based studies published between 1990 and 2012 and reporting on maternal healthcare in immigrant populations. A total of 854 articles were retrieved and 30 publications met the inclusion criteria, being included in the final evaluation. The majority of studies point to a higher health risk profile in immigrants, with an increased incidence of co-morbidity in some populations, reduced access to health facilities particularly in illegal immigrants, poor communication between women and caregivers, a lower rate of obstetrical interventions, a higher incidence of stillbirth and early neonatal death, an increased risk of maternal death, and a higher incidence of postpartum depression. Incidences vary widely among different population groups. Some migrant populations are at a higher risk of serious complications during pregnancy, for reasons that include reduced access and use of healthcare facilities, as well as less optimal care, resulting in a higher incidence of adverse outcomes. Tackling these problems and achieving equality of care for all is a challenging aim for public healthcare services. PMID:23334357

Almeida, Lígia Moreira; Caldas, José; Ayres-de-Campos, Diogo; Salcedo-Barrientos, Dora; Dias, Sónia

2013-10-01

319

Analysis on energy efficiency in healthcare buildings.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to analyze and quantify the average healthcare centres' energy behavior and estimate the possibilities of savings through the use of concrete measures to reduce their energy demand in Extremadura, Spain. It provides the average energy consumption of 55 healthcare centres sized between 500 and 3,500 m². The analysis evaluated data of electricity and fossil fuel energy consumption as well as water use and other energy-consuming devices. The energy solutions proposed to improve the efficiency are quantified and listed. The average annual energy consumption of a healthcare centre is 86.01 kWh/m², with a standard deviation of 16.8 kWh/m². The results show that an annual savings of €4.77/m² is possible. The potential to reduce the energy consumption of a healthcare centre of size 1,000 m² is 10,801 kWh by making an average investment of €11,601, thus saving €2,961/year with an average payback of 3.92 years. PMID:25193373

García-Sanz-Calcedo, Justo

2014-01-01

320

Turkish healthcare professionals' views on palliative care.  

PubMed

The concept of modern palliative care has been disseminating slowly in Turkey and has recently been included in the National Cancer Control Program. The aim of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' knowledge and views of palliative care. It was conducted at three hospitals with a sample of 369 healthcare professionals working in adult clinics. Data were collected via open-ended questions and 16 statements from healthcare professionals on their views of palliative care. Most respondents stated that there was a lack of in-service/continuing education in palliative care, and more than half said they had not received any education in palliative care. A majority stated that the meaning and goal of palliative care is "improving the quality of life of a patient who is in the terminal stage." Lack of awareness of palliative care and a lack of educational resources in that field are the most frequently reported barriers to the development of palliative care in Turkey. Palliative care should be included in curricula for healthcare professionals and in-service education programs should be established. PMID:23413762

Turgay, Gulay; Kav, Sultan

2012-01-01

321

How does politics affect electronic healthcare adoption  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 21 century, the term e-healthcare has become the common buzzword in the world. Its popularity is directly related to the rate of its adoption and benefits that it offers to individuals and governments. Among the common benefits include reduction in medical errors, improvements on physician efficiency, improvement in physician-patient relationship and an increase in the quality of care

Zanifa Omary; Fredrick Mtenzi; Bing Wu

2009-01-01

322

The importance of measuring unmet healthcare needs.  

PubMed

Major restructuring of the health sector has been undertaken in many countries, including New Zealand and England, yet objective assessment of the outcomes has rarely been recorded. In the absence of comprehensive objective data, the success or otherwise of health reforms has been inferred from narrowly-focussed data or anecdotal accounts. A recent example relates to a buoyant King's Fund report on the quest for integrated health and social care in Canterbury, New Zealand which prompted an equally supportive editorial article in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) suggesting it may contain lessons for England's National Health Service. At the same time, a report published in the New Zealand Medical Journal expressed concerns at the level of unmet healthcare needs in Canterbury. Neither report provided objective information about changes over time in the level of unmet healthcare needs in Canterbury. We propose that the performance of healthcare systems should be measured regularly, objectively and comprehensively through documentation of unmet healthcare needs as perceived by representative segments of the population at formal interview. Thereby the success or otherwise of organisational changes to a health system and its adequacy as demographics of the population evolve, even in the absence of major restructuring of the health sector, can be better documented. PMID:25331313

Gauld, Robin; Raymont, Antony; Bagshaw, Philip F; Nicholls, M Gary; Frampton, Christopher M

2014-01-01

323

Character, Leadership, and the Healthcare Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentation by Elizabeth Holmes, PhD, summarized the integration of character and leadership development in the education of healthcare professionals. Citing the mission, vision, values, graduate attributes, and various examples of current programs and initiatives from both the United States Naval Academy and the University of Botswana, the…

Holmes, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

324

Virtue Ethics and Rural Professional Healthcare Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because rural populations are at risk not only for clinically disparate care but also ethically disparate care, there is a need to enhance scholarship, research, and teaching about rural health care ethics. In this paper an argument for the applicability of a virtue ethics framework for professionals in rural healthcare is outlined. The argument…

Crowden, Andrew

2010-01-01

325

Healthcare Learning Community and Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching, learning, and retention processes have evolved historically to include multifaceted techniques beyond the traditional lecture. This article presents related results of a study using a healthcare learning community in a southwest Georgia university. The value of novel techniques and tools in promoting student learning and retention…

Johnson, Sherryl W.

2014-01-01

326

Making existing technology safer in healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTechnology, equipment and medical devices are vital for effective healthcare throughout the world but are associated with risks. These risks include device failure, inappropriate use, insufficient user-training and inadequate inspection and maintenance. Further risks within the developing world include challenging conditions of temperature and humidity, poor infrastructure, poorly trained service providers, limited resources and supervision, and inappropriately complex equipment being

Richard C Newton; Oliver T Mytton; Rajesh Aggarwal; William B Runciman; Michael Free; Bjorn Fahlgren; Masanori Akiyama; Barbara Farlow; Sara Yaron; Gerad Locke; Stuart Whittaker

2010-01-01

327

Excellence in Mental HealthCare  

E-print Network

Excellence in Mental HealthCare: PuttingEvidence intoPractice Health Service and Population and improving the quality of life of people with mental health problems and their families throughout the world. We passionately believe that people with mental health problems should be treated with dignity

Applebaum, David

328

Healthcare employees' progression through disability benefits.  

PubMed

Progression of Disability Benefits (PODB) refers to the migration of workers with work-limiting disabilities through a system of economic disability benefits that result in their ultimate placement into the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) system [16]. Specifically, this migration involves a "progression" from short-term disability (STD) to long-term disability (LTD) to SSDI income. This project uses Chi-squared Automatic Interaction (CHAID) Technique to study the Healthcare industry, the largest industry in the United States, and its PODB experience. The first part of the study analyzes if claimant demographic (age, gender, disability type) and PODB data (movement from STD to LTD to SSDI) can be used to predict employer industry (dependent variable). Gender was the most significant predictor, while men working outside of Healthcare had the greatest amount of progression to advanced disability levels. The second part of the study assesses if the PODB experience could be predicted through claimant demographics and the sub-set industry within Healthcare in which claimants' were employed. The resulting dendogram reveals that disability type was the strongest predictor of claimant movement through disability benefits levels. Age was the second strongest predictor for all but 1 category of disability type, in which the Healthcare sector was the strongest predictor. PMID:19923676

Hawley, Carolyn E; Diaz, Sebastian; Reid, Christine

2009-01-01

329

[Efficiency-based healthcare. General concepts on economic evaluation of healthcare interventions].  

PubMed

This article aims to introduce some of the key concepts in health economics and economic evaluation, with a view to facilitating proper understanding of certain frequently used economic techniques so that readers, decision makers and professionals, mainly from the healthcare context (e.g. clinicians, nurses, managers), can adopt an evaluation culture to support their routine practice. Economic evaluation compares alternative courses of action in terms of costs and health outcomes. The main methods are cost-minimization analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, and cost-benefit analysis. In the current context of scarce resources, economic evaluation is a fundamental component of healthcare decision-making processes. Increasing the use of economic evaluation in the context of future healthcare strategies could minimize arbitrary decision-making, providing guidance in addressing and assuring quality and evidence-based healthcare. PMID:19233020

Catalá-López, Ferrán

2009-01-01

330

Child sex rings.  

PubMed Central

Details of 11 child sex rings identified in one working class community were obtained by interviewing investigating police officers and examining health and social services records. The rings contained 14 adult male perpetrators and 175 children aged 6-15 years. Most perpetrators used child ringleaders to recruit victims; others became a "family friend" or obtained a position of authority over children. Secrecy was encouraged and bribery, threats, and peer pressure used to induce participation in sexual activities. Offences reported included fondling, masturbation, pornography, and oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse. Eleven perpetrators were successfully prosecuted; all but one received a sentence of three years or less. Behavioural problems were common among those children who had participated for a long time. Child sex rings are difficult to detect and may be common. Many children are seriously abused as a consequence of them. PMID:3730803

Wild, N J; Wynne, J M

1986-01-01

331

Male child sexual abuse.  

PubMed

Up to 92,000 male children report sexual abuse each year, and as many as 31% of all male children under age 18 years experience sexual molestation. Male child sexual abuse is now believed to be a far more common occurrence than it once was. Pediatric nurse practitioners are in a key position to prevent and recognize the sexual exploitation of male children. This article addresses the incidence of male child sexual abuse, the psychological and physical ramifications for the child, and the roles and responsibilities of the clinician, including interview, physical and psychological assessment, legal aspects of reporting, and referral. Prevention techniques in a primary care setting are also discussed. PMID:10531903

Moody, C W

1999-01-01

332

Interactions between child and parent temperament and child behavior problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveFew studies of temperament have tested goodness-of-fit theories of child behavior problems. In this study, we test the hypothesis that interactions between child and parent temperament dimensions predict levels of child psychopathology after controlling for the effects of these dimensions individually.

David C. Rettew; Catherine Stanger; Laura McKee; Alicia Doyle; James J. Hudziak

2006-01-01

333

Child Care Subsidy Use and Child Development: Potential Causal Mechanisms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research using an experimental design is needed to provide firm causal evidence on the impacts of child care subsidy use on child development, and on underlying causal mechanisms since subsidies can affect child development only indirectly via changes they cause in children's early experiences. However, before costly experimental research is…

Hawkinson, Laura E.

2011-01-01

334

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

335

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

sexuality) and family development (i.e., parenting, marriage, domestic violence). CFS also offers minorsChild And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Robert P. Moreno, Chair, 315 UNDERGRADUATE Robert P. Moreno, Undergraduate Program Director, 315-443-1715 The Department of Child and Family

Raina, Ramesh

336

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

337

Mother-Child Agreement on the Child's Past Food Exposure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess mother-child agreement on the child's past food exposure, and factors affecting response discrepancy. Methods: Twelve- to 14-year-old children and their mothers (n = 78) in an urban community, a rural community, and 2 orthodontic clinics completed a 69-item food questionnaire to determine mother-child level of agreement on the…

Thongudomporn, Udom; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi; Geater, Alan F.

2010-01-01

338

Why Have Child Maltreatment and Child Victimization Declined?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various forms of child maltreatment and child victimization declined as much as 40-70% from 1993 until 2004, including sexual abuse, physical abuse, sexual assault, homicide, aggravated assault, robbery, and larceny. Other child welfare indicators also improved during the same period, including teen pregnancy, teen suicide, and children living in poverty. This article reviews a wide variety of pos- sible explanations

David Finkelhor; Lisa Jones

2006-01-01

339

Understanding and coping with diversity in healthcare.  

PubMed

In the healthcare sector, race, ethnicity and religion have become an increasingly important factor in terms of patient care due to an increasingly diverse population. Health agencies at a national and local level produce a number of guides to raise awareness of cultural issues among healthcare professionals and hospitals may implement additional non-medical services, such as the provision of specific types of food and dress to patients or the hiring of chaplains, to accommodate the needs of patients with religious requirements. However, in an attempt to address the spiritual, cultural and religious needs of patients healthcare providers often assume that ethnic minority groups are homogenous blocks of people with similar needs and fail to recognize that a diverse range of views and practices exist within specific groups themselves. This paper describes the example of the Sikh community and the provision of palliative care in hospitals and hospices. Although, the majority of patients classifying themselves as Sikhs have a shared language and history, they can also be divided on a number of lines such as caste affiliation, degree of assimilation in the west, educational level and whether baptized or not, all of which influence their beliefs and practices and hence impact on their needs from a health provider. Given that it is unfeasible for health providers to have knowledge of the multitude of views within specific religious and ethnic communities and accounting for the tight fiscal constraints of healthcare budgets, this paper concludes by raising the question whether healthcare providers should step away from catering for religious and cultural needs that do not directly affect treatment outcomes, and instead put the onus on individual communities to provide resources to meet spiritual, cultural and religious needs of patients. PMID:23719755

Jhutti-Johal, J

2013-09-01

340

Healthcare Information Technology Infrastructures in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe some of the major healthcare information technology (IT) infrastructures in Turkey, namely, Sa?l?k-Net (Turkish for “Health-Net”), the Centralized Hospital Appointment System, the Basic Health Statistics Module, the Core Resources Management System, and the e-prescription system of the Social Security Institution. International collaboration projects that are integrated with Sa?l?k-Net are also briefly summarized. Methods The authors provide a survey of the some of the major healthcare IT infrastructures in Turkey. Results Sa?l?k-Net has two main components: the National Health Information System (NHIS) and the Family Medicine Information System (FMIS). The NHIS is a nation-wide infrastructure for sharing patients’ Electronic Health Records (EHRs). So far, EHRs of 78.9 million people have been created in the NHIS. Similarly, family medicine is operational in the whole country via FMIS. Centralized Hospital Appointment System enables the citizens to easily make appointments in healthcare providers. Basic Health Statistics Module is used for collecting information about the health status, risks and indicators across the country. Core Resources Management System speeds up the flow of information between the headquarters and Provincial Health Directorates. The e-prescription system is linked with Sa?l?k-Net and seamlessly integrated with the healthcare provider information systems. Finally, Turkey is involved in several international projects for experience sharing and disseminating national developments. Conclusion With the introduction of the “Health Transformation Program” in 2003, a number of successful healthcare IT infrastructures have been developed in Turkey. Currently, work is going on to enhance and further improve their functionality. PMID:24853036

Yuksel, M.; Ertürkmen, G. L.; Kabak, Y.; Namli, T.; Y?ld?z, M. H.; Ay, Y.; Ceyhan, B.; Hülür, Ü.; Öztürk, H.; Atbakan, E.

2014-01-01

341

Biomaterials and bioengineering tomorrow’s healthcare  

PubMed Central

Biomaterials are being used for the healthcare applications from ancient times. But subsequent evolution has made them more versatile and has increased their utility. Biomaterials have revolutionized the areas like bioengineering and tissue engineering for the development of novel strategies to combat life threatening diseases. Together with biomaterials, stem cell technology is also being used to improve the existing healthcare facilities. These concepts and technologies are being used for the treatment of different diseases like cardiac failure, fractures, deep skin injuries, etc. Introduction of nanomaterials on the other hand is becoming a big hope for a better and an affordable healthcare. Technological advancements are underway for the development of continuous monitoring and regulating glucose levels by the implantation of sensor chips. Lab-on-a-chip technology is expected to modernize the diagnostics and make it more easy and regulated. Other area which can improve the tomorrow’s healthcare is drug delivery. Micro-needles have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional needles and are being studied for the delivery of drugs at different location in human body. There is a huge advancement in the area of scaffold fabrication which has improved the potentiality of tissue engineering. Most emerging scaffolds for tissue engineering are hydrogels and cryogels. Dynamic hydrogels have huge application in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Furthermore, cryogels being supermacroporous allow the attachment and proliferation of most of the mammalian cell types and have shown application in tissue engineering and bioseparation. With further developments we expect these technologies to hit the market in near future which can immensely improve the healthcare facilities. PMID:23628868

Bhat, Sumrita; Kumar, Ashok

2013-01-01

342

HIV-positive parents, HIV-positive children, and HIV-negative children’s perspectives on disclosure of a parent’s and child’s illness in Kenya  

PubMed Central

HIV disclosure from parent to child is complex and challenging to HIV-positive parents and healthcare professionals. The purpose of the study was to understand the lived experiences of HIV-positive parents and their children during the disclosure process in Kenya. Sixteen HIV-positive parents, seven HIV-positive children, and five HIV-negative children completed semistructured, in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using the Van Kaam method; NVivo 8 software was used to assist data analysis. We present data on the process of disclosure based on how participants recommended full disclosure be approached to HIV-positive and negative children. Participants recommended disclosure as a process starting at five years with full disclosure delivered at 10 years when the child was capable of understanding the illness, or by 14 years when the child was mature enough to receive the news if full disclosure had not been conducted earlier. Important considerations at the time of full disclosure included the parent’s and/or child’s health statuses, number of infected family members’ illnesses to be disclosed to the child, child’s maturity and understanding level, and the person best suited to deliver full disclosure to the child. The results also revealed it was important to address important life events such as taking a national school examination during disclosure planning and delivery. Recommendations are made for inclusion into HIV disclosure guidelines, manuals, and programs in resource-poor nations with high HIV prevalence. PMID:25071999

Burkholder, Gary J.; Ferraro, Aimee

2014-01-01

343

BOSTON UNIVERSITY DUBLIN PROGRAMS Healthcare Policy and Practice in Ireland  

E-print Network

different social cohorts. It concludes by looking at healthcare regulation and reform. Learning Outcomes industries. It also examines the social, environmental, and behavioural factors that affect healthcare across of healthcare expenditure; · Discuss conditions of the physical environment, social and behavioral factors

Guenther, Frank

344

Seamless Access to Healthcare Folders with Strong Privacy Guarantees  

E-print Network

the medical history of individuals. Interoperability among heterogeneous healthcare information systems Health Record (EHR) programs with the objective to increase the quality of care while decreasing its cost. Pervasive healthcare aims itself at making healthcare information securely available anywhere and anytime

345

MSN PROGRAM NURSING AND HEALTHCARE LEADERSHIP CURRICULUM REQUIREMENTS  

E-print Network

: Human Resources, Quality, Law, and Ethics 3 N706 Effective Business Communication in Healthcare 2 N7108/15/2014 MSN PROGRAM NURSING AND HEALTHCARE LEADERSHIP CURRICULUM REQUIREMENTS Course Number583 Professional Transitions: Advanced Nursing Practice 3 TOTAL 12 Nursing and Healthcare Leadership

Zhou, Pei

346

The effect of healthcare environments on a pandemic influenza outbreak.  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this presentation are: (1) To determine if healthcare settings serve as intensive transmission environments for influenza epidemics, increasing effects on communities; (2) To determine which mitigation strategies are best for use in healthcare settings and in communities to limit influenza epidemic effects; and (3) To determine which mitigation strategies are best to prevent illness in healthcare workers.

Cannon, Daniel C.; Davey, Victoria J. (Department of Veterans Affairs); Glass, Robert John, Jr.

2010-12-01

347

New innovations in healthcare delivery and laparoscopic surgery in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Pakistan is a densely populated country with major rural urban disparity in healthcare delivery. Use of Information Technology to improve the efficiency of existing healthcare services of Pakistan in the form of Telemedicine has proved its role beyond any doubts. Its advantages include better utilization of healthcare resources, early intervention, provision of expert advice at remote

A. Zafar

2009-01-01

348

Asthma Intervention Program Prevents Readmissions in High Healthcare Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

The largest portion of the cost for asthma healthcare is due to hospitalizations. Improved methods of healthcare delivery for pa- tients with asthma are needed to prevent readmissions. From 1996 to 1999, 96 adult subjects (predominantly young African American women) hospitalized with an asthma exacerbation, who had a his- tory of frequent healthcare use, were randomized to an asthma nurse

Mario Castro; Nina A. Zimmermann; Sue Crocker; Joseph Bradley; Charles Leven; Kenneth B. Schechtman

2003-01-01

349

Automated healthcare information privacy and security: UAE case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Privacy and Security issues are serious matters that organizations from all industries have to deal with. Healthcare industry is no exception. Personally identifiable healthcare information automated by the healthcare industry can be stolen, intercepted, altered, and misused. Acceptable safeguards, therefore, have to be in place in order to ensure the privacy and protection of this information. Without governmental intervention

Mhamed Zineddine

2011-01-01

350

Improving oral healthcare for children a great opportunity  

E-print Network

Improving oral healthcare for children ­ a great opportunity S. Fayle1 decade or so have a Changes to the wider National Health Service in England are driving a redesign of how oral healthcare will impact on oral healthcare delivery, providing new challenges and opportunities for children's oral

Cai, Long

351

Teeth Shape Modeling Pipeline for Oral Healthcare Appliances Development  

E-print Network

Teeth Shape Modeling Pipeline for Oral Healthcare Appliances Development (Invited Paper) Jacek to development of novel consumer oral healthcare devices. The pipeline is implemented in a processing framework changes. I. INTRODUCTION Oral healthcare consumer devices have come a long way from the classic, flat

Telea, Alexandru C.

352

Annual Chamber Healthcare Summit DATE: Friday, October 21  

E-print Network

Annual Chamber Healthcare Summit DATE: Friday, October 21 TIME: 7am registration/7:30am breakfast/8 your tickets today! The Chamber's Healthcare Legislative Committee and the Small Business Council join and The Chamber's Healthcare Legislative Committee at the Four Points Hotel (3400 Airport Road, Allentown, PA

Snyder, Larry

353

HEALTHCARE VOLUNTEERS Scholarship Application Academic Year 2014-2015  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE VOLUNTEERS Scholarship Application ­ Academic Year 2014-2015 Deadline to Apply: Application must be postmarked by Feb. 21, 2014 The St. David's Medical Center Healthcare Volunteers award scholarships to students pursuing healthcare related fields within Texas colleges and universities. Eligibility

Glowinski, Roland

354

ORIGINAL PAPER A Novel Web-enabled Healthcare Solution  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER A Novel Web-enabled Healthcare Solution on HealthVault System Lingxia Liao & Min-enabled Health- care Solution, which is normally provided by an independent healthcare giver with limited HealthVault System used as the back-end platform of a Web-enabled healthcare application

Chen, Min

355

Are...your neighbors advancing medicine and healthcare.  

E-print Network

We Are...your neighbors advancing medicine and healthcare. Stevens. We are Hoboken. Learn more at of sound and music in healthcare settings. With local hospital and industry collaborators, Stevens and exploring innovative structural designs for hospitals. We are championing healthcare efficiency in hospitals

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

356

Advancing healthcare technology through insight, innovation, and leadership  

E-print Network

Advancing healthcare technology through insight, innovation, and leadership Master of Translational, entrepreneurship, clinical research, and healthcare finance. Gain real-world experience by working for healthcare technology. Those in related fields and/or with additional advanced degrees (MD, PhD, RN, JD, etc

Soloveichik, David

357

Access Control: how can it improve patients' healthcare?  

E-print Network

Access Control: how can it improve patients' healthcare? Ana FERREIRAabd , Ricardo CRUZ) is a very important support tool for patients and healthcare professionals but it has some barriers that prevent its successful integration within the healthcare practice. These barriers comprise not only

Kent, University of

358

High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy  

E-print Network

LBNL-2737E High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency Brett C Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency Brett C. Singer and William F of hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The report compiles input from a broad array of experts

359

Health Advisor An Online Game for Managing Healthcare Delivery  

E-print Network

Health Advisor An Online Game for Managing Healthcare Delivery Tennenbaum Institute Georgia Institute of Technology The healthcare system in the U.S. is clearly complex with many stakeholders changes are difficult to implement and evaluate. Healthcare innovations may succeed or fail based

360

Distinguished Visiting Scholar The Digital Transformation of Healthcare  

E-print Network

Distinguished Visiting Scholar The Digital Transformation of Healthcare Opportunities:30 ­ 7:00 pm Reception @ 5:00 pm Please RSVP to kehler@mcmaster.ca Abstract Healthcare is a critical part, despite extraordinary expenditure, the US healthcare system suffers from significant deficiencies

Haykin, Simon

361

Cardiff School of Healthcare Studies Undergraduate Pre-Registration Programmes  

E-print Network

Cardiff School of Healthcare Studies Undergraduate Pre-Registration Programmes www #12;An Introduction to Cardiff School of Healthcare Studies 1www.cardiff.ac.uk/sohcs Excellent Teaching Cardiff School of Healthcare Studies has an international reputation in learning and teaching

Davies, Christopher

362

Healthcare Process Support: Achievements, Challenges, Current Research Richard Lenz1  

E-print Network

Healthcare Process Support: Achievements, Challenges, Current Research Richard Lenz1 , Mor Peleg2, Haifa, Israel 3 University of Ulm, Germany ABSTRACT Healthcare organizations are facing the challenge guidelines. At the same time, business process management (BPM) enables IT support for healthcare processes

Ulm, Universität

363

Telemedicine: a new frontier for effective healthcare services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telemedicine: a new frontier for effective healthcare services. S. Scalvini, M.Vitacca, L. Paletta, A. Giordano, B. Balbi. Telemedicine can be defined as the delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication tech- nologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and

S. Scalvini; M. Vitacca; L. Paletta; A. Giordano; B. Balbi

364

Death of an Adult Child  

MedlinePLUS

... as the adult child completes his or her education, establishes a career and develops adult relationships. By the time a child has reached adulthood, parents have made an immense emotional and financial investment in this person. When that ...

365

Cryptosporidium and Child Care Facilities  

MedlinePLUS

... as "Crypto") Parasites Home Share Compartir Child Care Facilities More Information Prevention Measures Control Measures for Outbreaks ... Risk Factors Treatment Biology Prevention & Control Child Care Facilities Prevention Oubreak Control Camps Disease Resources for Health ...

366

Birth of a Second Child  

MedlinePLUS

Birth of a Second Child KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Family Life > Birth of a Second Child Print A A A ... pregnant takes a lot of energy. After the birth, the first 6 to 8 weeks can be ...

367

Child Writers in Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the way the writing activities of child writers are portrayed in novels by Louisa May Alcott, Carol Ryrie Brink, Eleanor Cameron, and Maud Hart Lovelace; notes that these characters establish excellent models for child writers. (ET)

Smith, Louisa A.

1980-01-01

368

Child Development and Behavior Branch  

E-print Network

Child Development and Behavior Branch NICHD Report to the NACHHD Council September 2004 U........................................................................................ 3 SOCIAL AND AFFECTIVE PROCESSES IN CHILD AND FAMILY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.............. 3 Program ................................................................... 18 LANGUAGE, BILINGUAL, AND BILITERACY DEVELOPMENT AND DISORDERS AND ADULT, FAMILY, AND ADOLESCENT

Rau, Don C.

369

Child Guidance Techniques.  

E-print Network

as well as adults, are teaching these con cepts to their children. -- Show your love to a child in ways he can understand Parents show their love to children by doing for them. They make them eat food which is "good for them," go to bed early, wear a... and to your child Parents who stop now and then to listen to them selves receive clues about their methods of guidance. If you find yourself saying, "If I've told you once, I've told you a dozen times," stop and think. Obvi ously this method...

Fraiser, Roberta C.

1982-01-01

370

Legal issues in child maltreatment.  

PubMed

The most common medicolegal issues include reporting child maltreatment, the presentation of ethical and effective expert testimony, informed consent in child maltreatment cases, and various liability risks related to child maltreatment cases. The health care professional who remains knowledgeable about the laws within their jurisdiction, the mandates of their professional society and state medical board, and the local resources (eg, child abuse pediatrician and hospital counsel) available to them minimizes medicolegal risk. PMID:25242715

Narang, Sandeep K; Melville, John D

2014-10-01

371

Child Care: A Level III Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the state-mandated review of Florida's child care programs. Florida's community colleges offer a total of six different degree or certificate programs in child care: Child Development and Education; Child Care Center Management; Child Development Early Intervention; Child Care Provider (discontinued in 98-99); Early Childhood…

Florida State Board of Community Colleges, Tallahassee.

372

Child Care Health Connections, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the six 2002 issues of a bimonthly newsletter on children's health for California's child care professionals. The newsletter provides information on current and emerging health and safety issues relevant to child care providers and links the health, safety, and child care communities. Regular features include columns…

Guralnick, Eva, Ed.; Zamani, Rahman, Ed.; Evinger, Sara, Ed.; Dailey, Lyn, Ed.; Sherman, Marsha, Ed.; Oku, Cheryl, Ed.; Kunitz, Judith, Ed.

2002-01-01

373

Women, Work and Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

Mercer, Elizabeth

374

Child Care and the Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unemployment has topped 7% nationally and economists predict it will approach 10% by 2010. Child care programs experience a trickle-down effect: when businesses cut back hours or lay people off, parents cut back child care hours or pull children from programs. "We're seeing more and more families lose their child care assistance and have nowhere…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

375

Parental Depression and Child Disturbance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families in which one or both parents are diagnosed as being depressed are observed in this ongoing study of how the behavior of depressed parents relates to the child's present and long-term development. Each family which enters the study has a child approximately two years old and a child between five and seven years old. Families are initially…

Radke-Yarrow, Marian

376

The Economics of Child Labor  

Microsoft Academic Search

If child labor as a mass phenomenon occurs not because of parental selfishness but because of the parents' concern for the household's survival, the popular argument for banning child labor loses much of its force. However, this assumption about parental decision making, coupled with the assumption of substitutability in production between child and adult labor, could result in multiple equilibria

Kaushik Basu; Pham Hoang Van

1998-01-01

377

carleton.ca Child Studies  

E-print Network

carleton.ca Child Studies #12;You should consider an interdisciplinary degree in child studies for a career oriented towards improving the conditions of children and youth; or prepare for graduate studies's Child Studies program is for you! The Carleton advantage A unique program Carleton University is one

Dawson, Jeff W.

378

The "Discovery" of Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the history of social reaction to child abuse, discusses the cultural values promoting the protection of children, points out how much pediatric radiology benefited from its "discovery" of "the battered child syndrome" in the early sixties, and concludes that the labeling of child abusers as "sick" has shielded them from criminal…

Pfohl, Stephen J.

1977-01-01

379

Helping Your Child Learn Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides parents of children ages 3 through 10 with information, tools, and activities they can use in the home and community to help their child develop an interest in the sciences and learn about the world around them. This brochure was drawn from the larger booklet in the "Helping Your Child" series, "Helping Your Child Learn…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

380

BENEFITS | Request for Review of Healthcare Coverage Eligibility: rev. 9.14 (EBP)1 Request for Review of Healthcare  

E-print Network

BENEFITS | Request for Review of Healthcare Coverage Eligibility: rev. 9.14 (EBP)1 Request for Review of Healthcare Coverage Eligibility Please read prior to completing this form: This form is used to request a review of the healthcare eligibility determination and may be completed by an employee

Kasman, Alex

381

Health is wealth: considerations to european healthcare.  

PubMed

(Full text is available at http://www.manu.edu.mk/prilozi). European Healthcare is a duty, imbedded in our European culture, to help people in sickness, to promote a healthy society through education and the prevention of diseases. Human Life is our highest value; the concept of Health is fundamental to Life and leads to the creation of Wealth. Health is the result of a common European cultural endeavour. The provision of Healthcare in Europe is highly diverse and must be understood in the light of different geographical and cultural development perspectives. In the 21st century Health is becoming a matter of general European interest and will be an increasingly important priority within the enlarged European Union. Healthcare Systems must enshrine the principal of Health for All as their ultimate goal. Healthcare, essential to life, is enormously complex and dependent on: -the needs of the population and its demographic structures; -progress in all aspects of medical practice; -financing models. Healthcare provision is developing from a National to a European endeavour as a European Healthcare Market (EHCM) serving its people, legitimised by the European Convention, which sets out the principals of a socio-market economy, competition and self-responsibility (Fig. 1). The component parts of the EHCM are the Patient, Medical Arts and Sciences, Medical Providers, Medical Organisation and all stakeholders. The Medical Arts and Sciences together with the Medical Organization are to be entirely reshaped as strategic European tasks, while the stakeholder, financing, monitoring and controlling are subsidiary tasks for the national authorities. The Convention provides a unique opportunity to create a European Market for Health. Greater European cooperation enables effective use of resources, access and quality of care (2512th Council meeting, EU, June 2003). The EHCM serves the patients and creates the conditions for continuing wealth creation. To achieve sustainable effects, the main component in structuring medicine is the clinical leadership. Demographics and Healthcare financing issues are the most sensible areas to tackle as a priority. This requires reconciling national health policies with European obligations. In the spirit of the Lisbon Council conclusions and the European Convention the EHCM provides: -Health for all; -Provision based on evidence and effectiveness; -Control of costs. The European Institute of Medicine sees this as a great opportunity to consolidate the different National models and inherited systems in an EHCM and consequently to stimulate clinical leadership to achieve sustainable reforms. The common concern is the increasing cost of provision. Stabilizing costs in an environment of a decreasing working population is very challenging. By modernizing systems there is potential for controlling costs, the processes for which have to be identified. Most national reforms have failed due to massive political influence especially where Healthcare together with Welfare is operated as a state-monopoly. This Strategic Vision has four mutually dependent parts: the patient is in the centre, and surrounded by clusters representing the Medical Arts, the Medical Organization and Financing. This Strategic Vision is structured in 4 segments, which are the cornerstones for establishing systems for the EHCM: A. The Patient There is a change in today's paradigm: The patient becomes the focal point. The patient of today is increasingly well informed and motivated. The patient is at the centre of all efforts, and all healthcare provisions are constructed around the patient. The patient is both a consumer and a contributor to the EHCM. B. Cluster I: Medical Arts The optimisation of Medical Arts and Sciences is an essential prere-quisite of the Strategic Visions. This cluster focuses on the basics of diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Conservative, invasive and prophylactic principles cover the whole range of possibilities including the prediction and prevention of diseases. To use Outcome Related Medicine (ORM) as a measure

Unger, F

2012-07-01

382

Reforms in Pakistan: Decisive Times for Improving Maternal and Child Health  

PubMed Central

Pakistan is a struggling economy with poor maternal and child health indicators that have affected attainment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (under-five child and maternal mortality). Recent health reforms have abolished the federal Ministry of Health and devolved administrative and financial powers to the provinces. Ideally, devolution tends to simplify a healthcare system's management structure and ensure more efficient delivery of health services to underserved populations, in this case women and children. In this time of transition, it is appropriate to outline prerequisites for the efficient management of maternal and child health (MCH) services. This paper examines the six building blocks of health systems in order to improve the utilization of MCH services in rural Pakistan. The targeted outcomes of recent reforms are devolved participatory decision-making regarding distribution of MCH-related services, improved deployment of the healthcare workforce, prioritization of pro-poor strategies for health financing and integration of various health information systems. Given this window of opportunity, the provinces need to guarantee fairness and equity through their stewardship of the healthcare system so as to protect vulnerable mothers and their children, especially in rural, remote and disadvantaged areas of Pakistan. PMID:23968601

Mazhar, Arslan; Shaikh, Babar Tasneem

2012-01-01

383

Human factors systems approach to healthcare quality and patient safety  

PubMed Central

Human factors systems approaches are critical for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. The SEIPS (Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety) model of work system and patient safety is a human factors systems approach that has been successfully applied in healthcare research and practice. Several research and practical applications of the SEIPS model are described. Important implications of the SEIPS model for healthcare system and process redesign are highlighted. Principles for redesigning healthcare systems using the SEIPS model are described. Balancing the work system and encouraging the active and adaptive role of workers are key principles for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. PMID:23845724

Carayon, Pascale; Wetterneck, Tosha B.; Rivera-Rodriguez, A. Joy; Hundt, Ann Schoofs; Hoonakker, Peter; Holden, Richard; Gurses, Ayse P.

2013-01-01

384

Integrated Environment for Ubiquitous Healthcare and Mobile IPv6 Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of Internet technologies based on the IPv6 protocol will allow real-time monitoring of people with health deficiencies and improve the independence of elderly people. This paper proposed a ubiquitous healthcare system for the personalized healthcare services with the support of mobile IPv6 networks. Specifically, this paper discusses the integration of ubiquitous healthcare and wireless networks and its functional requirements. This allow an integrated environment where heterogeneous devices such a mobile devices and body sensors can continuously monitor patient status and communicate remotely with healthcare servers, physicians, and family members to effectively deliver healthcare services.

Cagalaban, Giovanni; Kim, Seoksoo

385

Toward Communal Child Rearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work's preoccupation with the preservation of the nuclear family has blinded it to the necessity of finding new ways to care for children. This myopia has impeded recognition of the forces in American life that are bringing social change and new forms of child rearing. This article describes some of these phenomena and concludes that…

Sands, Rosalind M.

1973-01-01

386

The Migrant Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A migrant child is one who has moved with his family from one school district to another during the preceding 12 months so that a parent or other immediate family member might secure employment in agricultural or fishery activity. In California, the 92,000 migrants living in 48 of the state's 58 counties include Chicanos, Mexican Americans,…

Reyes, Manuel C.

387

Child Welfare Policy Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document conveys mandatory policies that have their basis in Federal Law and/or program regulations. It also provides interpretations of Federal Statutes and program regulations initiated by inquiries from State Child Welfare agencies or Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Regional Offices. The manual replaces the Children's…

Administration for Children & Families, 2008

2008-01-01

388

Rights of the Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter examines problems and rights of Romani children in East Central Europe, focusing on such topics as: the displaced childhoods of Romani children; snapshots of living conditions in various European countries; Roma child rights; Romani and non-Romani schools in Bulgaria; Romani children's rights to education in Central and Eastern…

Cahn, Claude, Ed.

2000-01-01

389

Helping Your Overweight Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, at least one child in five is overweight. Although children have fewer health problems from weight than adults, overweight children are at high risk for many health problems including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and stroke. Several factors are cited as to why children become overweight. Genetics, lack of exercise, and…

National Inst. of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

390

Revisiting the Insuring Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now common knowledge that part of the explanation to high fertility rates in developing countries lies with their institutional features. This paper develops a game theoretical framework to highlight the comparative advantage of a child-bearing strat- egy over more conventional saving schemes, when facing weak institutions as captured by the rule of law. In sake for secured old-age

Flaubert Mbiekop

391

The Multiply Handicapped Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles presented in the area of the medical and educational challenge of the multiply handicapped child are an overview of the problem, the increasing challenge, congenital malformations, children whose mothers had rubella, prematurity and deafness, the epidemiology of reproductive casualty, and new education for old problems. Discussions of…

Wolf, James M., Ed.; Anderson, Robert M., Ed.

392

Attitudes toward Child Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has shown that parents of children who commit suicide receive reduced emotional support from their community. More research in the area of attitudes toward child suicide may aid professionals in helping grieving friends and families and help pinpoint areas where more education may be needed. This study examined the differences…

Ellis, Jon B.; Lane, Debra

393

Assessing Suspected Child Molesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical evaluations of child molesters include a clinical interview and psychological testing, and sometimes phallometric assessment and polygraphy. The information gathered explains the situational antecedents and offender characteristics that led to the sexual victimization and the amount of risk an individual presents. (JDD)

Becker, Judith V.; Quinsey, Vernon L.

1993-01-01

394

Feeding the Handicapped Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are 35 brief papers on nutrition and handicapped children (particularly mentally retarded children) which were given at nutrition workshops at the Child Development Center of the University of Tennessee. Topics such as the following are examined: interdisciplinary approaches to nutrition services; the relationship of social work,…

Smith, Mary Ann Harvey, Ed.

395

Writing and the Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents can help their children master the skills needed to become good writers. While preschool pupils, in most cases, cannot do their own writing, the parents can: ask their children for ideas to include in letters to friends or relatives; write down, and then read back, ideas dictated by the child; read interesting library books to their…

Ediger, Marlow

396

Child Lifestyles Predictors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explain the effectiveness of parental attitudes, socio-economic status and gender in determining the predictors of child lifestyles. The study group consists of three hundred and fifty (350) eighth grade students studying in the province of Erzincan during the 2012-2013 academic year; the students are selected by…

Özpolat, Ahmet Ragip

2014-01-01

397

A Child's Spell.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the author's odyssey, first of shock and grief at the death of one daughter and the serious injury of another; then of slow rebuilding, healing, and inspiration to others though the publication of her deceased daughter's writings; and finally of discovery as the author pursues her dream of writing and illustrating a child's picture book.…

Becker, Linda

1997-01-01

398

School Refuser Child Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

“School refuser” is an always-already negative child identity. The term is used to categorize children or adolescents who appear to dislike and fear school (or aspects of school) and persistently refuse to attend or attend very unwillingly. Given that school attendance is generally considered a necessary social good, regular and anxious refusal to attend is usually understood as problematic, maladaptive

Emma Stroobant; Alison Jones

2006-01-01

399

Protecting the child.  

PubMed

The 1991 African charter and the 1990 UN convention on the rights of the child have had an impact on efforts by Nigeria to legally protect the welfare of children. The African Charter and the international community are particularly concerned about legally protecting the best interests of children accused or found guilty of breaking the law: recognizing a legal age of responsibility for infringements of the penal code, separating a child, deprived of liberty from imprisoned adults when it is in the child's interests, and applying separate laws, procedures, authorities, and institutions for children. The African charter also seeks to shield children from environmental adversity and exploitation in employment or jobs that interfere with health and formal education. It is illegal to use children for begging, to abduct children, or to traffic in the sale of children by any person, including parents or legal guardians. Children are to be protected from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse in prostitution, pornographic activities, and coercion to perform sexual acts. Declines in infant mortality, elimination of diseases and malnutrition, and provision of education, particularly for female children and the gifted and the disadvantaged, are recommended. Pregnant adolescents should have access to education during and after the pregnancy. Protection is also sought from narcotic drug production, use, and trafficking, child marriage, and child abuse and torture, and participation in armed conflicts. Children are to be protected upon dissolution of marriage and in adoption. Children need to be assured the right to play and recreation. Nigeria has taken steps to implement fully the provisions of the convention, and to integrate the provisions within the existing Children and Young Persons Laws. The provisions will be integrated by the Department of Social Welfare of the Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services. More punitive enforcement measures will be included in the new legislation. A national committee was established to oversee the process of implementation. While legislation is pending, a Nigerian Trust Fund to ensure the welfare of the Nigerian child has been set up and will be operating soon. The Federal Ministry of Health has since 1987 been active in primary health care and child survival efforts. PMID:12318617

Okwudili, O

1993-01-01

400

Transnational healthcare practices of Romanian migrants in Ireland: Inequalities of access and the privatisation of healthcare services in Europe.  

PubMed

This article deals with the transnational healthcare practices of Central and Eastern European migrants in Europe, taking the case of Romanian migrants in Ireland. It explores the implications of migrants' transnational healthcare practices for the transformation of citizenship in Europe, more particularly in terms of access to free public healthcare. The article places these practices in the larger perspective of global care chains, seen as including transnational flows of healthcare seekers and healthcare workers that link distant healthcare systems in an emerging European healthcare assemblage. The study adopted a holistic perspective, taking into account both formal and informal practices, as well as the use of healthcare services in both the host and the origin countries of migrants. These were explored during multi-sited fieldwork in Romania and Ireland, conducted between 2012 and 2013, and combining a variety of sources and methods (semi-structured interviews, informal conversations, documentary analysis, etc.). The article explores the links between migrants' transnational healthcare practices and two other important processes: 1) inequalities in access to healthcare services in migrants' countries of origin and of destination; and 2) the contribution of healthcare privatisation to these inequalities. It shows that Romanian migrants' transnational healthcare practices function as strategies of social mobility for migrants, while also reflecting the increasing privatisation of healthcare services in Ireland and Romania. The article argues that these processes are far from specific to Ireland, Romania, and the migration flows uniting them. Rather, they draw our attention to the rise of an unevenly developed European healthcare assemblage and citizenship regime in which patients' movements across borders are closely interlinked with diminishing and increasingly unequal access to public healthcare services. PMID:24797693

Stan, Sabina

2015-01-01

401

Your child is dead.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents. SUBJECTS--150 bereaved parents, all members of the organisation, of whom 120 (80%) participated voluntarily in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Child's age; date and cause of death; details of person breaking the news and handling of the interview; time parents spent with dead child, their attitude to requests for organ donation, and follow up support received. RESULTS--122 children's deaths were described; the largest single group was due to road traffic accidents, 16 were suicides, and eight were murders. Twice as many interviews were rated as sympathetically or reasonably handled as badly or offensively handled (68 v 34). The interview ratings depended on the sensitivity and personal skills of the interviewers rather than on their previous contact or professional position; police were rated as more sympathetic than doctors and nurses. Of 109 respondents, 81 had seen their child's body, 44 of whom thought that sufficient time had been denied. Of the 28 parents who did not see the body, 17 subsequently stated their regret. In 82 parents organ donation had not been discussed. Only 16 parents recorded any follow up support from hospital staff and very few support at the time. CONCLUSIONS--The consistency of the responses suggests a serious need to revise the in service training and education of the police and health professionals in their approach to informing of death; organ donation should be discussed sensitively and parents allowed time with their dead child with fewer restrictions. PMID:1855027

Finlay, I; Dallimore, D

1991-01-01

402

Teacher-Child Relationship Quality: The Roles of Child Temperament and Teacher-Child Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

2009-01-01

403

Healthcare-associated Pneumonia and Aspiration Pneumonia.  

PubMed

Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a new concept of pneumonia proposed by the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America in 2005. This category is located between community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia with respect to the characteristics of the causative pathogens and mortality, and primarily targets elderly patients in healthcare facilities. Aspiration among such patients is recognized to be a primary mechanism for the development of pneumonia, particularly since the HCAP guidelines were published. However, it is difficult to manage patients with aspiration pneumonia because the definition of the condition is unclear, and the treatment is associated with ethical aspects. This review focused on the definition, prevalence and role of aspiration pneumonia as a prognostic factor in published studies of HCAP and attempted to identify problems associated with the concept of aspiration pneumonia. PMID:25657850

Komiya, Kosaku; Ishii, Hiroshi; Kadota, Jun-Ichi

2015-02-01

404

Flexible solution for interoperable cloud healthcare systems.  

PubMed

It is extremely important for the healthcare domain to have a standardized communication because will improve the quality of information and in the end the resulting benefits will improve the quality of patients' life. The standards proposed to be used are: HL7 CDA and CCD. For a better access to the medical data a solution based on cloud computing (CC) is investigated. CC is a technology that supports flexibility, seamless care, and reduced costs of the medical act. To ensure interoperability between healthcare information systems a solution creating a Web Custom Control is presented. The control shows the database tables and fields used to configure the two standards. This control will facilitate the work of the medical staff and hospital administrators, because they can configure the local system easily and prepare it for communication with other systems. The resulted information will have a higher quality and will provide knowledge that will support better patient management and diagnosis. PMID:22874196

Vida, Mihaela Marcella; Lup?e, Oana Sorina; Stoicu-Tivadar, L?cr?mioara; Bernad, Elena

2012-01-01

405

[Sex workers: limited access to healthcare].  

PubMed

Sex workers constitute a heterogeneous group possessing a combination of vulnerability factors such as geographical instability, forced migration, substance addiction and lack of legal residence permit. Access to healthcare for sex workers depends on the laws governing the sex market and on migration policies in force in the host country. In this article, we review different European health strategies established for sex workers, and present preliminary results of a pilot study conducted among 50 sex workers working on the streets in Lausanne. The results are worrying: 56% have no health insurance, 96% are migrants and 66% hold no legal residence permit. These data should motivate public health departments towards improving access to healthcare for this vulnerable population. PMID:21815501

Gloor, E; Meystre-Agustoni, G; Ansermet-Pagot, A; Vaucher, P; Durieux-Paillard, S; Bodenmann, P; Cavassini, M

2011-06-29

406

Requirements for radio frequency identification in healthcare.  

PubMed

Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a growing technology among different industries. As a technology, it has been used since the Second World War, but just in the last decade, the information technology (IT) community and healthcare have been taking more action on studying and developing the technology. In this paper, we represent the general requirements that healthcare sets for the RFID technology. The paper is a part of the research project MaISSI (Managing IT Services and Service Implementation) where our aim is to implement an automated identification system (AIMC) for our case hospital's medication care. The AIMC uses the RFID technology for patient identification and the bar code technology for medication identification. The system will automate the identification processes during medication administration, reduce medication errors and increase the patient safety. PMID:19745405

Lahtela, Antti; Hassinen, Marko

2009-01-01

407

[Considering body ethics in the healthcare profession].  

PubMed

This article uses the theory of body phenomenology and Watson's caring theory to develop and apply body ethics to the clinical healthcare profession. This attempt is meant to facilitate deep, humanistic experiences for healthcare personnel. The analysis of body phenomenology reveals that the soul is banished from her familiar and comfortable "at-home" status when illness and pain invade the body. In such situations, the body becomes an external object that is self-alienated. This experience induces experiences such as solitude and violence. However, it also holds the potential to expose the original morality of the body. Additionally, this article discusses popular tools used in clinical ethics such as principalism and virtual-based ethics, which are based on moral reasoning and moral feeling. In contrast to these, body ethics seek a more profound and humble level of sensibility that is able to implant authenticity into the ethics. Finally, we offer some suggestions related to Watson's caring theory. PMID:25271027

Wang, Shin-Yun

2014-10-01

408

Intergroup relationships and quality improvement in healthcare  

PubMed Central

Background Intergroup problems among physicians, nurses and administrators in healthcare settings sometimes retard such settings' ability to foster enhanced quality of care. Without knowledge of the social dynamics that generate the difficulties, it is impossible to address some crucial issues that may affect quality initiatives. Methods This paper reviews three types of dynamics, social identity, communities of practice and socialisation into particular professional identities that affect relationships among professional groups in healthcare settings. Recommendations A suggestion is made for the creation of cross-boundary communities of practice, socialisation into them and dual, superordinate identities as a means to foster more effective intergroup dynamics and, thus, contribute to a greater quality of care. PMID:21450775

2011-01-01

409

Healthcare-associated Pneumonia and Aspiration Pneumonia  

PubMed Central

Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a new concept of pneumonia proposed by the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America in 2005. This category is located between community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia with respect to the characteristics of the causative pathogens and mortality, and primarily targets elderly patients in healthcare facilities. Aspiration among such patients is recognized to be a primary mechanism for the development of pneumonia, particularly since the HCAP guidelines were published. However, it is difficult to manage patients with aspiration pneumonia because the definition of the condition is unclear, and the treatment is associated with ethical aspects. This review focused on the definition, prevalence and role of aspiration pneumonia as a prognostic factor in published studies of HCAP and attempted to identify problems associated with the concept of aspiration pneumonia.

Komiya, Kosaku; Ishii, Hiroshi; Kadota, Jun-ichi

2015-01-01

410

California Healthcare Foundation: Center for Health Reporting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Health care journalism is a rapidly growing field, and the California HealthCare Foundation's Center for Health Reporting is a new venture of note in this area. The Center is based out of the USC Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism and is funded by the California HealthCare Foundation. The focus of their work is to partner with news organizations across the state "to explore questions about the quality and costs of health care and about Californian's ability to access it." Recently, they have worked on projects documenting the diabetes epidemic in California's farming communities, the impact of forest fires and firefighting techniques on health, and the exodus of local primary doctors. On their homepage, visitors can read about their "Projects", read some of their recent reports, and also check out the "Fast Facts" area. Also, their blog is a pleasant find, and it contains links to some of the aforementioned reports along with commentary on pressing health issues facing Californians.

411

Personal healthcare system using cloud computing.  

PubMed

A personal healthcare system used with cloud computing has been developed. It enables a daily time-series of personal health and lifestyle data to be stored in the cloud through mobile devices. The cloud automatically extracts personally useful information, such as rules and patterns concerning lifestyle and health conditions embedded in the personal big data, by using a data mining technology. The system provides three editions (Diet, Lite, and Pro) corresponding to users' needs. PMID:23920710

Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Mayuzumi, Yuuki; Kodama, Naoki; Sato, Keiichi

2013-01-01

412

Modeling the impact of healthcare reform.  

PubMed

To succeed in today's changing environment, hospitals and health systems must gain new competencies in the areas of physician integration, care management, information systems, service distribution, payer relationships, and scale/market essentiality. Organizations should model the potential impacts of healthcare reform and market forces on volume, capacity, payment, and other variables likely to change. They also should thoroughly examine the cumulative projected impact of strategic initiatives and reform-related changes. PMID:21351709

Kim, Charles; Majka, Daniel; Sussman, Jason H

2011-01-01

413

Clinical Decision Support at Intermountain Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision support technologies are becoming increasingly available to medical practitioners. A variety of programs designed\\u000a to assist with drug dosing, health maintenance, diagnosis, and other clinically relevant healthcare decisions have been developed\\u000a for the medical workplace. Increasing ease of access to personal computers is partially responsible for this growth. More\\u000a important, however, is the growing dependency on computers to maintain

Peter J. Haug; Reed M. Gardner; R. Scott Evans; Beatriz H. Rocha; Roberto A. Rocha

414

Focus on healthcare: a wider lens.  

PubMed

Achieving greater healthcare efficiency requires a much better understanding of the relationships and processes that occur between the inputs and outputs of the system. It also requires a broadening of the lens to include the determinants of health. The answers to many of the questions posed by the authors of the lead article lie in research, a key area of needed investment if Canada is going to respond to the value-for-money challenge. PMID:20057205

Bard, Rachel

2009-01-01

415

Decisions through data: analytics in healthcare.  

PubMed

The amount of data in healthcare is increasing at an astonishing rate. However, in general, the industry has not deployed the level of data management and analysis necessary to make use of those data. As a result, healthcare executives face the risk of being overwhelmed by a flood of unusable data. In this essay I argue that, in order to extract actionable information, leaders must take advantage of the promise of data analytics. Small data, predictive modeling expansion, and real-time analytics are three forms of data analytics. On the basis of my analysis for this study, I recommend all three for adoption. Recognizing the uniqueness of each organization's situation, I also suggest that practices, hospitals, and healthcare systems examine small data and conduct real-time analytics and that large-scale organizations managing populations of patients adopt predictive modeling. I found that all three solutions assist in the collection, management, and analysis of raw data to improve the quality of care and decrease costs. PMID:25154123

Wills, Mary J

2014-01-01

416

Racial Healthcare Disparities: A Social Psychological Analysis  

PubMed Central

Around the world, members of racial/ethnic minority groups typically experience poorer health than members of racial/ethnic majority groups. The core premise of this article is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to race and ethnicity play a critical role in healthcare disparities. Social psychological theories of the origins and consequences of these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors offer critical insights into the processes responsible for these disparities and suggest interventions to address them. We present a multilevel model that explains how societal, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors can influence ethnic/racial health disparities. We focus our literature review, including our own research, and conceptual analysis at the intrapersonal (the race-related thoughts and feelings of minority patients and non-minority physicians) and interpersonal levels (intergroup processes that affect medical interactions between minority patients and non-minority physicians). At both levels of analysis, we use theories of social categorization, social identity, contemporary forms of racial bias, stereotype activation, stigma, and other social psychological processes to identify and understand potential causes and processes of health and healthcare disparities. In the final section, we identify theory-based interventions that might reduce ethnic/racial disparities in health and healthcare. PMID:25197206

Penner, Louis A.; Hagiwara, Nao; Eggly, Susan; Gaertner, Samuel L.; Albrecht, Terrance L.; Dovidio, John F.

2014-01-01

417

Some unintended effects of teamwork in healthcare.  

PubMed

Teamwork has been emphasised as a key feature of health service reform, essential for safe, efficient and patient-centred care. Bringing together literatures from the sociology of healthcare and organizational theory, we examine how the teamwork phenomenon plays out in practice. Drawing upon material from two ethnographic studies, conducted in an operating theatre and a medical-records department in separate UK NHS hospitals, we explore some of the discursive teamwork practices of healthcare staff. Our analysis presents a very different picture from the normative, evangelistic promotion of teamwork within much management and health policy writing. We reveal how the ambiguity of teamwork opens up opportunities for a complex, diverse range of responses to the managerial discourse among diverse occupational groups, mobilizing the discourse to enact identity in different ways. We highlight how teamwork discourse can be instrumentally co-opted in the reproduction of the very occupational divisions it is designed to ameliorate, or simply ignored as irrelevant when compared to more attractive forms of collective identity. These responses challenge both those who believe that teamwork is a solution to problems in healthcare, as well as those concerned about the oppressive effects of pervasive managerialism. PMID:20137845

Finn, Rachael; Learmonth, Mark; Reedy, Patrick

2010-04-01

418

Healthcare resource management: integrating apples and oranges.  

PubMed

Over the past several years this journal has published numerous articles on the merits and benefits of effective resource management. Independently, these articles have supported the value of effective supply and materials management, management engineering and system restructuring, and clinical resource management in being able to save healthcare dollars by designing and injecting efficiencies into the healthcare delivery system. While most of these resource management activities have utilized very similar strategies (see Table 1 "Tools For Improvement"), much of the process revision and progress has remained within the walls of their own individual disciplines. Any widescale attempts to try to fully integrate all of these activities have been hampered by the intricacies of trying to mix apples and oranges. Despite these individual departmental gains, the challenge to conserve healthcare costs continues to permeate throughout all levels of the organization, and institutions are finally beginning to recognize the added value of merging these activities into a more centralized coordinated approach to resource management. Presented is a discussion on the potential value of developing a well-focused, integrated resource management program. PMID:10176186

Rosenstein, A H

1997-12-01

419

[Healthcare: a growing role in international politics].  

PubMed

Since the end of the cold war the tone of international relations has clearly changed. Whereas relations were once defined strictly in terms of more or less armed confrontation, economic and social issues now play a growing role. Healthcare policies in Africa have long been influenced by the policies of countries sponsoring bilateral and even multilateral foreign aid programs. However the last ten years have witnessed an increasing interaction between international policy and healthcare policy. The two main reasons for this trend involve 1) access to drug treatment and the WTO and 2) the extension and impact of the AIDS epidemic. The problem of access to drug treatment for poor populations (fundamental right) has led to the emergence of an increasingly strong and effective civil society. Because of its social and economic effects as well as its geopolitical and security implications, AIDS has become a major factor in international relations. With regard to both these issues the place and role of the USA is demonstrative of the interaction between healthcare and international relations. PMID:15816131

Dixneuf, M; Rey, J L

2004-01-01

420

How healthcare professionals respond to parents with religious objections to vaccination: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years healthcare professionals have faced increasing concerns about the value of childhood vaccination and many find it difficult to deal with parents who object to vaccination. In general, healthcare professionals are advised to listen respectfully to the objections of parents, provide honest information, and attempt to correct any misperceptions regarding vaccination. Religious objections are one of the possible reasons for refusing vaccination. Although religious objections have a long history, little is known about the way healthcare professionals deal with these specific objections. The aim of this study is to gain insight into the responding of healthcare professionals to parents with religious objections to the vaccination of their children. Methods A qualitative interview study was conducted with health care professionals (HCPs) in the Netherlands who had ample experience with religious objections to vaccination. Purposeful sampling was applied in order to include HCPs with different professional and religious backgrounds. Data saturation was reached after 22 interviews, with 7 child health clinic doctors, 5 child health clinic nurses and 10 general practitioners. The interviews were thematically analyzed. Two analysts coded, reviewed, discussed, and refined the coding of the transcripts until consensus was reached. Emerging concepts were assessed using the constant comparative method from grounded theory. Results Three manners of responding to religious objections to vaccination were identified: providing medical information, discussion of the decision-making process, and adoption of an authoritarian stance. All of the HCPs provided the parents with medical information. In addition, some HCPs discussed the decision-making process. They verified how the decision was made and if possible consequences were realized. Sometimes they also discussed religious considerations. Whether the decision-making process was discussed depended on the willingness of the parents to engage in such a discussion and on the religious background, attitudes, and communication skills of the HCPs. Only in cases of tetanus post-exposure-prophylaxis, general practitioners reported adoption of an authoritarian stance. Conclusion Given that the provision of medical information is generally not decisive for parents with religious objections to vaccination, we recommend HCPs to discuss the vaccination decision-making process, rather than to provide them with extra medical information. PMID:22852838

2012-01-01

421

Views of healthcare professionals to linkage of routinely collected healthcare data: a systematic literature review  

PubMed Central

Objective To review the literature on the views of healthcare professionals to the linkage of healthcare data and to identify any potential barriers and/or facilitators to participation in a data linkage system. Methods Published papers describing the views of healthcare professionals (HCPs) to data sharing and linkage were identified by searches of Medline, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL, and PsychINFO. The searches were limited to papers published in the English language from 2001 to 2011. Results A total of 2917 titles were screened. From these, 18 papers describing the views of HCPs about data linkage or data sharing of routinely collected healthcare data at an individual patient level were included. Views were generally positive, and potential benefits were reported. Facilitators included having trust in the system including data governance, reliability, and feedback. Some negative views, identified as barriers were also expressed including costs, data governance, technical issues, and privacy concerns. Effects on the physician–patient relationship, and workload were also identified as deterrent. Discussion From the published literature included in this review, the views of HCPs were in general positive towards data sharing for public health purposes. The identification of barriers to contributing to a data linkage system allows these to be addressed in a planned data linkage project for pharmacovigilance. The main barriers identified were concerns about costs, governance and interference with the prescriber–patient relationship. These would have to be addressed if healthcare professionals are to support a data linkage system to improve patient safety. PMID:23715802

Hopf, Y M; Bond, C; Francis, J; Haughney, J; Helms, P J

2014-01-01

422

Faculty Positions in Center for Healthcare Studies The mission of the Center for Healthcare Studies is to be the home for health services and outcomes  

E-print Network

Faculty Positions in Center for Healthcare Studies The mission of the Center for Healthcare Studies is to be the home for health, quality, equity, effectiveness and policy of healthcare. Six programs support

Chisholm, Rex L.

423

Toward more compassionate healthcare systems Comment on "Enabling compassionate healthcare: perils, prospects and perspectives"  

PubMed Central

Compassion is central to the purpose of medicine and the care of patients and their families. Compassionate healthcare begins with compassionate people, but cannot be consistently provided without systemic changes that enable clinicians and staff to collaborate and to care. We propose seven essential commitments to foster more compassionate healthcare organizations and systems: a commitment to compassionate leadership, to teach compassion, to value and reward compassionate care, to support clinical caregivers, to involve and partner with patients and families, to build compassion into the organization of healthcare delivery, and a commitment to deepen our understanding of compassion and its impact through research. Acting on these commitments will help us attend with care to the ill, injured, and vulnerable in every interaction. PMID:24847487

Lown, Beth A.

2014-01-01

424

[Dentistry and healthcare legislation 2. Differences of opinion concerning professional standards for oral healthcare].  

PubMed

With respect to disciplinary and other complaints, it is apparent that they are often based on a difference of opinion concerning professional standards for oral healthcare. Relevant differences of opinion can arise between dentists, but also in the dentist-patient relationship. A large degree of the ambiguity which lies at the basis of such discussions could be removed by the use of clear clinical guidelines. Since these are still scarce in oral healthcare, a dentist will have to rely on adequate communication to avoid conflicts. A dentist must be aware of possible conflicts of interest and of the characteristic range of the professional standards for oral healthcare. Departing from that range at the request of a patient is not an option. PMID:23805731

Brands, W G; van der Ven, J M; Eijkman, M A J

2013-05-01

425

The best possible child  

PubMed Central

Julian Savulescu argues for two principles of reproductive ethics: reproductive autonomy and procreative beneficence, where the principle of procreative beneficence is conceptualised in terms of a duty to have the child, of the possible children that could be had, who will have the best opportunity of the best life. Were it to be accepted, this principle would have significant implications for the ethics of reproductive choice and, in particular, for the use of prenatal testing and other reproductive technologies for the avoidance of disability, and for enhancement. In this paper, it is argued that this principle should be rejected, and it is concluded that while potential parents do have important obligations in relation to the foreseeable lives of their future children, these obligations are not best captured in terms of a duty to have the child with the best opportunity of the best life. PMID:17470505

Parker, Michael

2007-01-01

426

TexasChildStudy  

Cancer.gov

The Texas Child Study Center is a collaboration between the University of Texas at Austin and Dell Children’s Medical Center. The Center’s postdoctoral fellowship program provides advanced training in clinical services, supervision, and research in evidence-based treatment, group and family therapy, and psychological and neuropsychological assessment with children and adolescents that have emotional and behavioral disorders, as well as children with medical illness.

427

[Child sexual exploitation].  

PubMed

Child Sexual Exploitation is a complex phenomenon in our country and the world; it dates back to an ancient past but it has a very recent conceptualization and specific approach. This article proposes a tour through this process as well as some inputs for its categorization, the attention to the affected subjects by the very design of public policies taken from a concrete institutional experience. PMID:19812796

Cabello, María F; Castaldi, Paula D; Cataldo, Andrea M

2009-01-01

428

Including Your Child  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

429

Patient-centredness in integrated healthcare delivery systems - needs, expectations and priorities for organised healthcare systems  

PubMed Central

Introduction Patient-centred healthcare is becoming a more significant success factor in the design of integrated healthcare systems. The objective of this study is to structure a patient-relevant hierarchy of needs and expectations for the design of organised healthcare delivery systems. Methods A questionnaire with 84 items was conducted with N = 254 healthcare experts and N = 670 patients. Factor analyses were performed using SPSS©18. The number of factors retained was controlled by Kaiser's criterion, validation of screeplots and interpretability of the items. Cronbach's ? was used to assess the internal consistency of the subscales. Results Exploratory factor analysis led to 24 factors in the expert sample and 20 in the patient sample. After analysing the screeplots, confirmatory factor analyses were computed for 7-factor solutions accounting for 42.963% of the total variance and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin of 0.914 for the patients (experts: 38.427%, Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin = 0.797). Cronbach's ? ranged between 0.899 and 0.756. Based on the analysis, coordinated care could be differentiated into seven dimensions: access, data and information, service and infrastructure, professional care, interpersonal care, individualised care, continuity and coordination. Conclusion and Discussion The study provides insight into patient and experts expectations towards the organisation of integrated healthcare delivery systems. If providers and payers can take into account patient needs and expectations while implementing innovative healthcare delivery systems, greater acceptance and satisfaction will be achieved. In the best case, this will lead to better adherence resulting in better clinical outcomes. PMID:24363639

Juhnke, Christin; Mühlbacher, Axel C.

2013-01-01

430

The sexually exploited child.  

PubMed

Sexual exploitation of children (under 14 years of age) is a common occurrence, although actual numbers are unknown. There are three major forms of sexual abuse: (1) incest, ie, sexual activity between consanguineous family members; (2) sexual assault, such as rape or molestation by adults not related to the child; and (3) habitual sexual exploitation for purposes of financial reward or perverse sexual satisfaction. Brother-sister incest has the highest incidence in the middle and upper socioeconomic levels and is probably the least damaging, psychologically, to sexual adjustment later in life. Father-daughter incest is more common in the lower socioeconomic levels and is thought to produce major disorders in the psychosexual area. Sexual assault of children, if handled supportively and with understanding by the surrounding adults, including parents, physicians, teachers, law enforcement officers, and others, can result in minimal sequelae; however, often the situation is handled with emotional reactions ranging from disgust to hysteria which result in the child's being victimized and traumatized unnecessarily. These latter situations lead to sexual acting-out in adolescence, promiscuity, perversions, or frigidity in adult sexual life. Teachers, physicians, and child welfare workers need to be attuned to the possibility to sexual abuse in the children they serve. PMID:941049

Weeks, R B

1976-07-01

431

Building an evidence base in complementary and integrative healthcare for child and adolescent psychiatry.  

PubMed

Complementary and integrative strategies are widely used by families with children who have mental health diagnoses. The therapies used by these children include herbs, dietary supplements, massage, acupuncture, meditation, and naturopathy. The literature on efficacy of complementary and alternative approaches is of limited value, and studies are needed to test efficacy and safety. Interpretation of complementary and integrative health care studies for symptomatic management of mental health conditions is hampered by study design and methodological limitations. Well-designed, adequately powered, and suitably controlled clinical trials on promising complementary and integrative modalities are needed for children and adolescents with psychiatric conditions. PMID:23806317

Edwards, Emmeline; Mischoulon, David; Rapaport, Mark; Stussman, Barbara; Weber, Wendy

2013-07-01

432

The Medically Fragile Child: Caring for Children with Special Healthcare Needs in the School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to help teachers, nurses and paraprofessionals meet the challenges of dealing with children who have serious medical problems. It contains information on training, health and safety, and legal rights and responsibilities. Specifically, this third edition sets out to accomplish three goals: (1) to educate American…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2009

2009-01-01

433

Association between antidepressant drug use during pregnancy and child healthcare utilisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

of more than two visits to general practitioners was 1.5 (95% confidence interval, CI: 1.3-1.8) in the continuous antidepressant users group and 1.3 (95% CI: 1.2-1.5) in the group of children whose mothers stopped taking medication. In both study groups there was a trend towards more drug use for infections and inflammation compared with the control group. Children continuously exposed

TF Ververs; K van Wensen; MW Freund; M van der Heide; GHA Visser; AFAM Schobben; LTW de Jong-van den Berg; ACG Egberts

2009-01-01

434

Records Checklist for Child Care Facilities Keeping Kids Safe: Emergency Planning for Child-Care Facilities  

E-print Network

Records Checklist for Child Care Facilities Keeping Kids Safe: Emergency Planning for Child and Environmental Specialist; Dr. Stephen Green, Associate Professor and Extension Child Development Specialist; Dr. Rick Peterson, Assistant Professor and Extension Child Development Specialist; and the Texas Department

435

A comparative analysis of early child health and development services and outcomes in countries with different redistributive policies  

PubMed Central

Background The social environment is a fundamental determinant of early child development and, in turn, early child development is a determinant of health, well-being, and learning skills across the life course. Redistributive policies aimed at reducing social inequalities, such as a welfare state and labour market policies, have shown a positive association with selected health indicators. In this study, we investigated the influence of redistributive policies specifically on the social environment of early child development in five countries with different political traditions. The objective of this analysis was to highlight similarities and differences in social and health services between the countries and their associations with other health outcomes that can inform better global early child development policies and improve early child health and development. Methods Four social determinants of early child development were selected to provide a cross-section of key time periods in a child’s life from prenatal to kindergarten. They included: 1) prenatal care, 2) maternal leave, 3) child health care, and 4) child care and early childhood education. We searched international databases and reports (e.g. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, World Bank, and UNICEF) to obtain information about early child development policies, services and outcomes. Results Although a comparative analysis cannot claim causation, our analysis suggests that redistributive policies aimed at reducing social inequalities are associated with a positive influence on the social determinants of early child development. Generous redistributive policies are associated with a higher maternal leave allowance and pay and more preventive child healthcare visits. A decreasing trend in infant mortality, low birth weight rate, and under five mortality rate were observed with an increase in redistributive policies. No clear influence of redistributive policies was observed on breastfeeding and immunization rates. In the analysis of child care and early education, the lack of uniform measures of early child development outcomes was apparent. Conclusions This paper provides further support for an association between redistributive policies and early child health and development outcomes, along with the organization of early child health and development services. PMID:24195544

2013-01-01

436

Acinetobacter community-acquired pneumonia in a healthy child.  

PubMed

Acinetobacter is involved in a variety of infectious diseases primarily associated with healthcare. Recently there has been increasing evidence of the important role these pathogens play in community acquired infections. We report on the case of a previously healthy child, aged 28 months, admitted for fever, cough and pain on the left side of the chest, which on radiographic examination corresponded to a lower lobe necrotizing pneumonia. After detailed diagnostic work-up, community acquired Acinetobacter lwoffii pneumonia was diagnosed. The child had frequently shared respiratory equipment with elderly relatives with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. As there were no other apparent risk factors, it could be assumed that the sharing of the equipment was the source of infection. The authors wish to draw attention to this possibility, that a necrotising community-acquired pneumonia due to Acinetobacter lwoffii can occur in a previously healthy child and to the dangers of inappropriate use and poor sterilisation of nebulisers. This case is a warning of the dangers that these bacteria may pose in the future in a community setting. PMID:21963110

Moreira Silva, G; Morais, L; Marques, L; Senra, V

2012-01-01

437

Child-Visiting and Domestic Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains problems with child visiting in cases of domestic abuse. Data on domestic abuse, child care concerns, and child adjustment problems were collected from 25 mothers and 22 fathers at a child visiting program serving separated and abusive families. Psychological abuse of mothers correlated with child adjustment problems. (BB)

Shepard, Melanie

1992-01-01

438

WorkLife Office Choosing Child Care  

E-print Network

WorkLife Office Choosing Child Care Resources for Making Child Care Decisions WorkLife Office 3160;2 ­ Choosing Child Care Table of Contents I. FINDING THE APPROPRIATE CHILDCARE FOR YOUR FAMILY Child Care Centers ......................................................................... 5 Family Child Care Home

Straight, Aaron

439

NIST Child Care Center Parent Handbook  

E-print Network

2012 NIST Child Care Center Parent Handbook Jolene Wayne Director NIST Child Care Center Parent Handbook #12;NIST Child Care Center Parent Handbook 2 August 2012 This page left intentionally blank. #12;NIST Child Care Center Parent Handbook 3 August 2012 Contents WELCOME TO THE NIST CHILD CARE CENTER

440

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had  

E-print Network

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had swim lessons before? Yes No Is your child com- fortable in the water? Parent/child or level 1 class No Level 1 class Yes Does your child put their face in the water? No Level 2 class Yes Can your child swim underwater, swim Front crawl, and back crawl? No Level 3 class Yes

Saldin, Dilano

441

The Future of Healthcare–Information Based Medicine  

PubMed Central

The paper discusses how information based medicine has become an increasingly important model of healthcare. Today's patients are better informed and therefore play a more active role in their own healthcare, fuelling the drive towards personalized medicine. Information Based Medicine enables researchers to design targeted therapeutics and rapidly develop best practices guidelines to enable healthcare providers to deliver the most complete individualized healthcare solutions. Information based medicine is realized thanks to growth in four key areas–Clinical Genomics, Medical Imaging, Targeted Pharmaceuticals, and Information Systems. Also discussed, is how technological advances throughout this decade are changing the discovery, development and delivery of new treatments–with healthcare becoming increasingly personalized as a result. A glimpse into the future of personalised healthcare is presented, highlighting scenarios in development today along with the challenges and perspectives which lie ahead. PMID:20108471

Borangiu, T; Purc?rea, V

2008-01-01

442

Improving oral healthcare for children--a great opportunity.  

PubMed

Changes in commissioning and contracting of NHS dental services will impact on oral healthcare delivery, providing new challenges and opportunities for children's oral healthcare. Now is the time to assess clinical networks and specialised services to understand how the oral healthcare needs of all children can be met appropriately and effectively so that when change comes it can be embraced for the better. PMID:23744207

Fayle, S

2013-06-01

443

Standard Treatment Guidelines in Primary Healthcare Practice  

PubMed Central

In India, healthcare delivery is implemented at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Of these, primary health care is the essential health care and is the first point of care for the public across the country. The primary health care system caters to nearly 70% of the population by treating about 90% of the common and locally prevailing problems. One of the integral elements of primary health care is provision of essential medicines, which should be available at all times in adequate amounts in appropriate dosage forms and at an affordable cost. It has an important bearing on the medical, economical and social outcomes of the healthcare delivery system. This situation mandates the need for rational use of medicines by standardizing the treatment of commonly occurring illness at the primary health care level. Standard Treatment Guidelines (STGs) have been in vogue in India only since recent times and is gaining popularity among practitioners. STGs have many advantages for the patients, healthcare providers, drug manufacturers and marketing agencies, and above all, the policy makers and the legislative system of the country. The drawback in STGs lies in the difficulties in implementation on a large scale. With due efforts to prioritize the health needs, comprehensive coverage of national health programs involving all the stakeholders including professional organizations, undergraduate medical curriculum planners and medical practitioners, STGs can be implemented effectively and thereby we can ensure a quality health care at the primary care level at an affordable cost as part of the now redefined Universal Health Coverage. This article is intended as a guide to understand the concept of STGs, prepared with the aim of capacity building for medical professionals in rationally treating patients in their day-to-day clinical practice.

Gopalakrishnan, S.; Udayshankar, P.M.; Rama, R.

2014-01-01

444

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

445

CHILD'S FULL NAME_____________________________________________________ MEDICAL RELEASE  

E-print Network

if necessary. I have listed below all known allergies or reactions my child has to any drugs or medication_________________________________________________________ Hospital preferred_____________________________________________________ Known allergies

Quigg, Chris

446

Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

NREL partnered with two hospitals (MGH and SUNY UMU) to collect data on the energy used for multiple thermal and electrical end-use categories, including preheat, heating, and reheat; humidification; service water heating; cooling; fans; pumps; lighting; and select plug and process loads. Additional data from medical office buildings were provided for an analysis focused on plug loads. Facility managers, energy managers, and engineers in the healthcare sector will be able to use these results to more effectively prioritize and refine the scope of investments in new metering and energy audits.

Sheppy, M.; Pless, S.; Kung, F.

2014-08-01

447

Energy conservation in health-care facilities  

SciTech Connect

As energy expenditures continue their dramatic rise in the health-care industry, they absorb a larger portion of hospital budgets and prompt managers to seek ways to conserve energy and reduce consumption. Hospital managers, however, may be forced by capital constraints to choose between medical and energy conservation investments. The author examines some of the issues (including fairness, legal and financial impediments, and medical practices) involved in reducing health care costs. He makes practical suggestions for improving facility efficiency that include a strategy for energy management and a checklist of ideas. The case histories of 25 medical facilities illustrate conservation opportunities. 18 references, 34 figures, 3 tables. (DCK)

Hunt, V.D. (comp.)

1983-01-01

448

Clinical information systems for integrated healthcare networks.  

PubMed Central

In the 1990's, a large number of hospitals and medical practices have merged to form integrated healthcare networks (IHN's). The nature of an IHN creates new demands for information management, and also imposes new constraints on information systems for the network. Important tradeoffs must be made between homogeneity and flexibility, central and distributed governance, and access and confidentiality. This paper describes key components of clinical information systems for IHN's, and examines important design decisions that affect the value of such systems. Images Figure 1 PMID:9929178

Teich, J. M.

1998-01-01

449

Compassion fatigue in military healthcare teams.  

PubMed

Since the onset of the Iraq war and Afghanistan conflicts, military healthcare teams have had increasing exposure to the traumatic effects of caring for wounded warriors, leading to a phenomenon termed compassion fatigue. The purpose of this integrative review was to develop a proposed definition for compassion fatigue in support of these teams. There is no current standardized formal definition, and this lack of clarity can inhibit intervention. Seven main themes evolved from the literature review and were integrated with the core elements of the Bandura Social Cognitive Theory Model as the first step in developing a uniformed definition. PMID:24506980

Owen, Regina Peterson; Wanzer, Linda

2014-02-01

450

Telemental health: responding to mandates for reform in primary healthcare.  

PubMed

Telemental health (TMH) has established a niche as a feasible, acceptable, and effective service model to improve the mental healthcare and outcomes for individuals who cannot access traditional mental health services. The Accountability Care Act has mandated reforms in the structure, functioning, and financing of primary care that provide an opportunity for TMH to move into the mainstream healthcare system. By partnering with the Integrated Behavioral Healthcare Model, TMH offers a spectrum of tools to unite primary care physicians and mental health specialist in a mind-body view of patients' healthcare needs and to activate patients in their own care. TMH tools include video-teleconferencing to telecommute mental health specialists to the primary care setting to collaborate with a team in caring for patients' mental healthcare needs and to provide direct services to patients who are not progressing optimally with this collaborative model. Asynchronous tools include online therapies that offer an efficient first step to treatment for selected disorders such as depression and anxiety. Patients activate themselves in their care through portals that provide access to their healthcare information and Web sites that offer on-demand information and communication with a healthcare team. These synchronous and asynchronous TMH tools may move the site of mental healthcare from the clinic to the home. The evolving role of social media in facilitating communication among patients or with their healthcare team deserves further consideration as a tool to activate patients and provide more personalized care. PMID:23611641

Myers, Kathleen M; Lieberman, Daniel

2013-06-01

451

Sustained Low Influenza Vaccination Rates in US Healthcare Workers  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION A substantial morbidity and mortality burden attributable to the influenza virus is observed annually in the United States. Healthcare workers are an occupational group at increased risk of exposure, demonstrated to transmit influenza to their patient populations, and vital to the care of these patient populations. The prevention of the spread of the flu is a significant public health concern. In the present study, we examined influenza vaccination rates and their 5-year trends within the major occupational healthcare worker groups and compared them to non-Healthcare Workers. METHODS Using data from the nationally representative 2004–2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), US healthcare workers (n=6,394) were analyzed. RESULTS Seasonal influenza vaccination coverage estimates remain substantially low among all healthcare workers, highest among the health diagnosing and treating practitioners (52.3%), and lowest among other healthcare support occupations (32.0%). Among all other occupational groups, pooled influenza vaccination rates were highest for white collar workers (24.7%), and lowest for farm workers (11.7%). There were no significant upward or downward trends in influenza vaccination rates for any healthcare or other occupational worker group during the five-year survey period. CONCLUSION Improving these low vaccination rates among healthcare workers warrants a comprehensive national approach to influenza prevention that includes education and strong encouragement of routine annual vaccination among healthcare workers. Policy enhancements such as free provision of seasonal influenza vaccine, coverage for treatment and workers compensation for vaccine-related complications are needed. PMID:20079761

Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.; Lee, David J.; Davila, Evelyn P.; LeBlanc, William G.; Arheart, Kristopher L.; McCollister, Kathryn E.; Christ, Sharon L.; Clarke, Tainya; Fleming, Lora E.

2010-01-01

452

Preventing healthcare-associated infections: the role of surveillance.  

PubMed

Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections is central to healthcare epidemiology and infection control programmes and a critical factor in the prevention of these infections. By definition, the term 'infection prevention' implies that healthcare-associated infections may be preventable. The purpose of surveillance is to provide quality data that can be used in an effective monitoring and alert system and to reduce the incidence of preventable healthcare-associated infections. This article examines the purpose of surveillance, explains key epidemiological terms, provides an overview of approaches to surveillance and discusses the importance of validation. PMID:25649603

Mitchell, Brett G; Russo, Philip L

2015-02-01

453

Safety and Accountability in Healthcare From Past to Present  

SciTech Connect

Healthcare is transitioning into a new era-an era of accountability. This era demands heightened awareness of the quality, cost, and safety of healthcare, with value (quality/cost) and safety being the watchwords of accountability. Many factors are driving this transition, and it is affecting all healthcare disciplines, including radiation oncology. The transition is accompanied by the transformation of healthcare from a craft-based culture to an information-age culture in which patient needs and information are given top priority. These changes call for new measures to quantify and document the value and safety of procedures in radiation oncology.

Hendee, William R. [Departments of Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Biophysics, and Community and Public Health, Medical College of Wisconsin, Whitefish Bay, WI (United States)], E-mail: whendee@mcw.edu

2008-05-01

454

Resource based view: a promising new theory for healthcare organizations  

PubMed Central

This commentary reviews a recent piece by Burton and Rycroft-Malone on the use of Resource Based View (RBV) in healthcare organizations. It first outlines the core content of their piece. It then discusses their attempts to extend RBV to the analysis of large scale quality improvement efforts in healthcare. Some critique is elaborated. The broader question of why RBV seems to be migrating into healthcare management research is considered. They conclude RBV is a promising new theory for healthcare organizations. PMID:25396211

Ferlie, Ewan

2014-01-01

455

An Exploration of Healthcare Inventory and Lean Management in Minimizing Medical Supply Waste in Healthcare Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand how lean thinking and inventory management technology minimize expired medical supply waste in healthcare organizations. This study was guided by Toyota's theory of lean and Mintzberg's theory of management development to explain why the problem of medical supply waste exists. Government…

Hicks, Rodney

2013-01-01

456

Organizational Culture andOrganizational Culture and Human Factors in HealthcareHuman Factors in Healthcare  

E-print Network

Organizational Culture andOrganizational Culture and Human Factors in HealthcareHuman Factors;TEAMWORK!TEAMWORK! #12;OverviewOverview ·· Organizational culture and adaptationOrganizational culture #12;Organizational Culture andOrganizational Culture and AdaptationAdaptation #12;Definitions

457

Children, Child Abuse and Child Protection: Placing Children Centrally.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of the political, moral, and social context within which British child welfare practitioners and managers attempt to work with children, families, and others. The book reviews the development of improved policy and practices in child protection. Placing children at the center of policy, practice, and discourse, it…

1999

458

Child Support, Child Care and Head Start Collaboration: Innovations & Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph highlights and compares approaches of six demonstration grant projects designed to promote collaboration between state Child Support Enforcement, Child Care, and Head Start programs. These demonstration grant projects were awarded to Alaska, Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, and Missouri. These three-year projects were…

Child Care Bureau, 2003

2003-01-01

459

Child Abuse and the Disabled Child: Perspectives for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the disabled child's particular vulnerability to child abuse and exploitation. Roles for schools and parents are described in detail along with specific signs of abuse. Stressed is the need to provide disabled children with accurate information on sexual abuse and with the necessary skills to protect themselves. (Author/VW)

Krents, Elisabeth; And Others

1987-01-01

460

Child-to-Child Evangelism Hits on Parents' Religious Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the "child-to-child evangelism" technique designed by evangelist Franklin Graham to convert America's children to his brand of Christianity. Starting in local public schools, Graham put out this plan whereby children could study evangelism techniques over the Internet and then march into their schools to…

Boston, Rob

2004-01-01

461

Defining Child Neglect Based on Child Protective Services Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives:: To compare neglect defined by Child Protective Services official codes with neglect defined by a review of CPS narrative data, and to examine the validity of the different neglect measures using children's functioning at age 8 years. Methods:: Data are from 740 children participating in a consortium of longitudinal studies on child

Dubowitz, H.; Pitts, S.C.; Litrownik, A.J.; Cox, C.E.; Runyan, D.; Black, M.M.

2005-01-01

462

Take Care of Your Child's Teeth  

MedlinePLUS

... visit HealthCare.gov . Ask your child’s dentist about sealants. A sealant is a thin, plastic material put on the ... protect them from decay. Ask your dentist if sealants are right for your child. Get more information ...

463

Answering Your Child's Tough Questions About Alcohol  

MedlinePLUS

... feedback today. Answering Your Child's Tough Questions About Alcohol As your child becomes curious about alcohol, he ... dad) that I wouldn’t drink.” “You drink alcohol, so why can’t I?” Remind your child ...

464

What Vaccinations Does My Child Need?  

MedlinePLUS

... About the NKF You are here Home » What Vaccinations Does My Child Need? A Guide for Parents ... Kidney Transplant Why does my child need a vaccination? Vaccinations, usually given as shots, protect your child ...

465

Daily Medicine Record for Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Safely Daily Medicine Record for Your Child (English) (PDF version - 97KB) Why ... 2 years old___ Weight: ___ 30 pounds ___ Daily Medicine Record Child’s name: ___________________ Today’s date: _________________ Age: ____________ Weight: ________________ (pounds) Time ...

466

Budgeting Your Child Care Options Calculator  

MedlinePLUS

... Aware? Manage My Subscriptions Daily Parent Archives Home Calculator Budgeting Your Child Care Options: The Child Care Aware Budgeting Child Care Options calculator allows families to examine their financial situation both ...

467

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, Computer technology, Requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-12-29

468

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, computer technology, requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-06-07

469

Developing Forensic Mental Healthcare in Kosovo  

PubMed Central

In many economically struggling societies, forensic psychiatry is still in its initial developmental stages and thus forensic patients pose an ongoing challenge for the healthcare and juridical systems. In this article, we present the various issues and problems that arose when establishing the first forensic psychiatric institute in Kosovo – a country whose population has constantly been reported as suffering from a high psychiatric morbidity due to long-lasting traumatic experiences during the war of 1999. The implementation of a new forensic psychiatric institute in the developing mental healthcare system of Kosovo, still characterized by considerable shortages, required substantial effort on various levels. On the policy and financial level, it was made possible by a clear intent and coordinated commitment of all responsible national stakeholders and authorities, such as the Ministries of Health and Justice, and by the financial contribution of the European Commission. Most decisive in terms of the success of the project was capacity building in human resources, i.e., the recruitment and training of motivated staff. Training included essential clinical and theoretical issues as well as clearly defined standard operation procedures, guidelines, and checklists to aid daily routine work and the management of challenging situations. PMID:24779004

Salize, Hans Joachim; Lavikainen, Juha; Seppänen, Allan; Gjocaj, Milazim

2014-01-01

470

Fully Integrated Biochip Platforms for Advanced Healthcare  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in microelectronics and biosensors are enabling developments of innovative biochips for advanced healthcare by providing fully integrated platforms for continuous monitoring of a large set of human disease biomarkers. Continuous monitoring of several human metabolites can be addressed by using fully integrated and minimally invasive devices located in the sub-cutis, typically in the peritoneal region. This extends the techniques of continuous monitoring of glucose currently being pursued with diabetic patients. However, several issues have to be considered in order to succeed in developing fully integrated and minimally invasive implantable devices. These innovative devices require a high-degree of integration, minimal invasive surgery, long-term biocompatibility, security and privacy in data transmission, high reliability, high reproducibility, high specificity, low detection limit and high sensitivity. Recent advances in the field have already proposed possible solutions for several of these issues. The aim of the present paper is to present a broad spectrum of recent results and to propose future directions of development in order to obtain fully implantable systems for the continuous monitoring of the human metabolism in advanced healthcare applications. PMID:23112644

Carrara, Sandro; Ghoreishizadeh, Sara; Olivo, Jacopo; Taurino, Irene; Baj-Rossi, Camilla; Cavallini, Andrea; de Beeck, Maaike Op; Dehollain, Catherine; Burleson, Wayne; Moussy, Francis Gabriel; Guiseppi-Elie, Anthony; De Micheli, Giovanni

2012-01-01

471

Mothers’ and fathers’ responses to their child’s pain moderate the relationship between the child’s pain catastrophizing and disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary evidence suggests that pain catastrophizing in children may be important in understanding how parents respond to their child’s pain. However, no study has investigated whether parental responses, in turn, moderate the impact of child’s catastrophizing upon pain outcomes. The present study was designed to address this, and investigated the association of the child’s catastrophizing with different types of parental

T. Vervoort; A. Huguet; K. Verhoeven; L. Goubert

2011-01-01

472

How much does it cost to achieve coverage targets for primary healthcare services? A costing model from Aceh, Indonesia.  

PubMed

Despite significant investment in improving service infrastructure and training of staff, public primary healthcare services in low-income and middle-income countries tend to perform poorly in reaching coverage targets. One of the factors identified in Aceh, Indonesia was the lack of operational funds for service provision. The objective of this study was to develop a simple and transparent costing tool that enables health planners to calculate the unit costs of providing basic health services to estimate additional budgets required to deliver services in accordance with national targets. The tool was developed using a standard economic approach that linked the input activities to achieving six national priority programs at primary healthcare level: health promotion, sanitation and environment health, maternal and child health and family planning, nutrition, immunization and communicable diseases control, and treatment of common illness. Costing was focused on costs of delivery of the programs that need to be funded by local government budgets. The costing tool consisting of 16 linked Microsoft Excel worksheets was developed and tested in several districts enabled the calculation of the unit costs of delivering of the six national priority programs per coverage target of each program (such as unit costs of delivering of maternal and child health program per pregnant mother). This costing tool can be used by health planners to estimate additional money required to achieve a certain level of coverage of programs, and it can be adjusted for different costs and program delivery parameters in different settings. PMID:22887349

Abdullah, Asnawi; Hort, Krishna; Abidin, Azwar Zaenal; Amin, Fadilah M

2012-01-01

473

Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life among Sudanese schoolchildren using Child-OIDP inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Information on oral health-related quality of life, in addition to clinical measures, is essential for healthcare policy makers to promote oral health resources and address oral health needs. OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Child-OIDP, estimating the prevalence, severity and causes of oral impacts on daily performances in 12-year-old public and

Nazik M Nurelhuda; Mutaz F Ahmed; Tordis A Trovik; Anne N Åstrøm

2010-01-01

474

Indian Child Welfare in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based upon a 1985-86 survey conducted by the Dull Knife Memorial College Indian Child Welfare Project. A series of workshops were conducted throughout Montana to acquaint providers of services for abused and neglected Indian children with the requirements of and issues associated with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.…

Dull Knife Memorial Coll., Lame Deer, MT.

475

Neuroscience, Play, and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of the array of neuroscience research as it applies to play and child development. The paper discusses research showing the importance of play for brain growth and child development, and recommends that families, schools and other social and corporate institutions rearrange their attitudes and priorities about…

Frost, Joe L.

476

The Child's Experience of ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the agreement between parent- and child-reported quality of life (QoL) and the self-perceptions of children with ADHD. Method: A cross-sectional survey of school-aged children with ADHD and their parents was undertaken. Results: Parents reported their child's QoL as lower than the children rated…

Sciberras, Emma; Efron, Daryl; Iser, Alina

2011-01-01

477

Young Child. [SITE 2001 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on the young child from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference: (1) "Young Children and Technology: Building Computer Literacy" (Michael J. Bell and Caroline M. Crawford); (2) "Integrating Technology into the Young Child Lesson Plan" (Michael J. Bell and…

Yelland, Nicola, Ed.; DeVoogd, Glenn, Ed.

478

Berea College Child Development Laboratory  

E-print Network

and Student Labor Program 5 Enrollment and Billing 8 Infant and Toddler Care 10 Transitions 11 Routines 14 was designed by Rodney Wright, an architect noted for creating `green' child care centers. The building Department of Agriculture (USDA) Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) and honor their statement: The U

Baltisberger, Jay H.

479

What Are Good Child Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the question "What are good child outcomes?" from the perspectives of developmental psychology, economics, and sociology. Section 1 of the paper examines good child outcomes as characteristics of stage-salient tasks of development. Section 2 emphasizes the acquisition of "human capital," the development of productive traits…

Moore, Kristin Anderson; Evans, V. Jeffery; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Roth, Jodie

480

Child Abuse and Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature indicating high rates of abuse in this population is reviewed, as is literature indicating high rates of developmental disabilities in child victims of abuse. Problems in data collecting practices are noted. Reasons for these children's greater risk for abuse are identified, including child attributes, stress, parent vulnerabilities,…

Grayson, Joann, Ed.; Bartlette, Don

1992-01-01

481

Assessment of Early Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a short assessment outline for use by non-clinicians in evaluating the development of young children. It usually requires 20-30 minutes to assess one child. It may be used periodically to evaluate changes, as a year-end summary, or as a means of communicating with others who have contacts with the child. Sections of the assessment deal…

Flapan, Dorothy

482

FastStats: Child Health  

MedlinePLUS

... trend tables with data on child and adolescent health Measures of Muscular Strength in U.S. Children and Adolescents, ... Mortality Data Adolescent Health Infant Health NCHS Survey Measures Catalog: Child and Adolescent Mental Health and Disability Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ...

483

Modern-Day Child Slavery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child slavery is a contemporary global problem existing since ancient times. The concept of slavery and practices similar to it are defined in a range of international instruments. Children are particularly vulnerable to slavery-like practices, and their special plight is addressed by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC-in particular…

van de Glind, Hans; Kooijmans, Joost

2008-01-01

484

Child effects on adult behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted a study in which child personality characteristics were treated as independent variables, and adult nurturant or nonnurturant responses as dependent variables. In a nursery school setting, 2 female caretakers were trained to play either a high- or a low-nurturant role with small groups of boys and girls (n = 118). Each child was to receive equal treatment from the

Marian R. Yarrow; Carolyn Z. Waxler; Phyllis M. Scott

1971-01-01

485

When Your Child Has Tinnitus  

MedlinePLUS

... Use sound generators or provide background noise. Sound therapy, which makes tinnitus less noticeable, has been used to treat adults ... and can also be used with children. If tinnitus occurs on a regular basis, with sound therapy the child?s nervous system can adapt to the ...

486

Employer Child Care Consultant Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 18 firms listed in zip code order in this directory offer consulting services on employer-supported child care to employers and communities. Inclusion in the directory does not imply an endorsement from "Child Care Information Exchange." Examples of consultants listed include Bright Horizons Family Solutions, ChildrenFirst, and New Horizon…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1999

1999-01-01

487

Case Advocacy in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides definitions of social advocacy and case advocacy for child advocates, child welfare workers, and social workers so as to clarify the concepts and the roles in the protection of children. Presents a historical account of advocacy efforts, along with an analysis of current advocacy efforts. (RJM)

Litzelfelner, Pat; Petr, Christopher G.

1997-01-01

488

Child Development Associate Training Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training guide presents information about the Child Development Associate (CDA) program, which is a nationwide experimental program that embodies a new concept for career preparation and credentials of child care staff. The information in this guide concerns the CDA concept, competencies, pilot training projects, and the CDA Consortium. The…

Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.

489

Illinois: Child Care Collaboration Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Illinois Child Care Collaboration Program promotes collaboration between child care and other early care and education providers, including Early Head Start (EHS), by creating policies to ease blending of funds to extend the day or year of existing services. While no funding is provided through the initiative, participating programs may take…

Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2012

2012-01-01

490

Postpartum Depression and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only recently has the research on postpartum depression dealt with the disorder's effects on child development. This book explores the impact of postpartum depression on mother-infant interaction and child development, its treatment, and postpartum psychosis. The chapters are: (1) "The Nature of Postpartum Depressive Disorders" (Michael O'Hara);…

Murray, Lynne, Ed.; Cooper, Peter J., Ed.

491

Valuing Your Child Care Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers guidelines for putting a monetary value on a child care business. Discusses reasons for valuing the business, types of valuations (book, liquidation, and fair market), fair market valuation formulas, the corporate valuation, valuing assets included in a sale, and using experts. Also offers several tips for selling a child care business. (EV)

Linsmeier, Dave; Richards, Dick; Routzong, Ed

2003-01-01

492

Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse and neglect, often collectively called child maltreatment, are huge social problems affecting millions of children and adolescents in America. Adolescents are affected both by maltreatment which occurred during childhood with lingering effects and by maltreatment that continues into or begins in adolescence. Several decades of research…

Trickett, Penelope K.; Negriff, Sonya; Ji, Juye; Peckins, Melissa

2011-01-01

493

Child survival and development.  

PubMed

November 14 is Children's Day in India. The designation of such a day along with the government's National Policy for Children and the signing of the World Declaration and Action Plan for the survival, protection, and development of children are a few indications of the government's recognition that the future of India depends upon the general well-being and education of its children. India is making fairly good progress in improving child health according to UNICEF measurement criteria in infant and maternal mortality, immunization against measles, children reaching grade 5 in schools, and the rate of total fertility. The government is failing, however, in the area of nutrition. India has 72 million malnourished children under 5 years of age or 38% of such children worldwide. Protein energy malnutrition affects 52.5% of children under the age of 6 years, of whom 10% suffer severe malnutrition. Vitamin A deficiency is also widespread. The government of India acknowledges the shortcomings of its efforts thus far and has developed a draft National Nutrition Policy which envisions a 50% reduction in the 1990 level of malnutrition by the year 2000. Reducing the extent of child labor, increasing the proportion of children enrolled in schools, and caring for orphans are also concerns on the agenda to be addressed. PMID:12287368

Padmanabhan, B S

1993-01-01

494

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes. PMID:20334720

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

495

Introducing a quality improvement programme to primary healthcare teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a programme in which quality improvement was facilitated, based on principles of total quality management, in primary healthcare teams, and to determine its feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and the duration of its effect. METHOD: Primary healthcare teams in Leicestershire (n = 147) were invited to take part in the facilitated programme. The programme comprised seven team meetings, led

H. Hearnshaw; S. Reddish; D. Carlyle; R. Baker; N. Robertson

1998-01-01

496

Enabling cross-organisation access to legacy healthcare information systems  

E-print Network

Enabling cross-organisation access to legacy healthcare information systems in ARTEMIS using to electronically available patient-centric information across the boundaries of healthcare organisations is mostly of medical organisations, the need for cost reduction e. g. by avoiding unnecessary examinations

Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

497

Barriers and Motivators for Influenza Vaccination Compliance Among Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influenza vaccine is a topic of much debate and concern throughout the healthcare profession. This vaccination has been shown to drastically reduce the number of nosocomial infections of the flu among hospitalized patients. While many healthcare professionals are aware of the benefits of obtaining the influenza vaccination, many remain noncompliant to actually getting vaccinated. This research will use a

Shelby Rogers

2012-01-01

498

Designing an Emotional Majormodo in Smart Home Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel human-computer interaction in smart home healthcare, which is an interdisciplinary research project between computer science, social work and psychology, an integration of human, smart home environment and healthcare services is connected with the intelligent interface, which processes sensory modalities input via facial, vocal, eye-tracking, and physiological signals, recognizing both the user's healthy state and emotional

An Ping; Zhiliang Wang; Xuefei Shi; Changhao Deng; Lili Bian; Liyang Chen

2009-01-01

499

Exploring Healthcare Simulation as a Platform for Interprofessional Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interprofessional education (IPE) is gradually recognized as essential to patient safety and implemented as a standard for healthcare education through professional organization recommendations and accrediting bodies. Given the increasing adoption of experiential and team-based learning, healthcare simulation (HCS) has become a preferred vehicle…

Palaganas, Janice Christine

2012-01-01

500

Systems Engineering Positions New England Healthcare Engineering Partnership  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Positions New England Healthcare Engineering Partnership (NEHCEP) An exciting opportunity exists for systems engineers to work with a newly formed engineering healthcare resource center a combination of applied projects to tackle important VA topics, collaborations with academic system engineering

de Weck, Olivier L.