Note: This page contains sample records for the topic child support enforcement from Science.gov.
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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Essentials for Attorneys in Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents a course developed to provide a national perspective for attorneys who represent state and local child support enforcement agencies operating under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The introduction provides an overview of the child support problem in the United States, citing causes and effects of the problem and…

Henry, Michael R.; And Others

2

State Personnel - Child Support Enforcement Administration - Transfer o f Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This enrolled bill transfers child support enforcement activities of the State 's Attorney 's Office in Washington County to the State Child Support Enforcement Administration (CSEA). The bill transfers all employees, except the Assistant S tate 's Attorney, of the Paternity and Support Division of the Office of the State 's Attorney for Washington County to the CSEA.

House Bill

3

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

4

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

5

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

6

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

7

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

8

Child Support Enforcement and Fathers' Contributions to Their Nonmarital Children  

PubMed Central

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time.

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2011-01-01

9

A Review of California's Child Support Enforcement Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report reviews California's Child Support Enforcement program (CCSEP) and prospects for increasing support payments. Chapter I describes the structure of the CCSEP, recent collection experience, and prospects for growth in collections under current practices. Chapter II describes recent revisions in federal law concerning the program and the…

California State Legislative Analyst's Office, Sacramento.

10

77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2012-12-12

11

75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2010-06-03

12

77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2012-01-17

13

75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access privileges to the FPLS Child Support Services Portal and...collected and maintained in the FPLS Child Support Services Portal are...methods for electronic records and media include overwriting, degaussing...Program Operations, Office of Child Support Enforcement,...

2010-07-21

14

Better Child Support EnforcementCan It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of teenage premarital pregnancy and pregnancy resolution provide

Robert D. Plotnick; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan; Inhoe Ku

2004-01-01

15

CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG NON-COHABITING COUPLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some advocates worry that stronger child support enforcement may increase domestic violence. The predictions of a simple economic model are ambiguous; stronger enforcement may increase the mother’s bargaining power, which reduces violence, but may also increase the father’s opportunity and motive for violence thereby increasing violence. This paper examines whether enforcement is associated with domestic violence using the Fragile Families

Angela R. Fertig; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan

2006-01-01

16

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?...

2011-10-01

17

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?...

2012-10-01

18

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

19

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

20

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

21

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

22

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

23

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

24

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...owing past-due child support, as reported...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...Case Registry of Child Support Orders...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...furnished by State child support...

2011-01-05

25

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...computerized support enforcement system: (1) By October 1, 1997...guideline entitled âAutomated Systems for Child Support Enforcement...available from the Child Support Information Systems Division, Office of State...

2011-10-01

26

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...6 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...payable for one month, or on an earlier date in accordance with State...

2012-10-01

27

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...payable for one month, or on an earlier date in accordance with State...

2011-10-01

28

Enforcing divorce settlements: evidence from child support compliance and award modifications.  

PubMed

This paper uses an implicit contracting framework to understand the dynamic nature of divorce settlements and to analyze the determinants of noncompliance with child support awards. In addition to the standard economic variables that affect the noncustodial parent's (NCP's) ability to pay child support, our approach focuses on factors that may affect the NCP's desire to pay, such as the ongoing relationship between the two parents and between the NCP and the children. We also examine the "state-contingent" nature of child support payments and explore the factors that lead to modifications in child support agreements. Using a longitudinal data set collected by the Stanford Child Custody Project, the empirical analysis provides documentation that compliance by noncustodial fathers can vary substantially from month to month. In addition, we find that even within a short period after divorce, a substantial minority of parents agree to make informal modifications to their divorce settlement in response to changes in economic circumstances and in custodial arrangements. PMID:8262289

Peters, H E; Argys, L M; Maccoby, E E; Mnookin, R H

1993-11-01

29

A Guide for Designing and Implementing a Case Processing System for Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document was written to provide state and local child support offices with help in refining their case processing systems. The guide is divided into five chapters. Chapter I, Case Processing Overview, defines case processing and the case processing functions and provides a narrative description and graphic illustration of the processes…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

30

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services. ...frequently the availability of support enforcement services under...announcements. Publicity must include information on any application fees...

2011-10-01

31

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services. ...frequently the availability of support enforcement services under...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control...

2012-10-01

32

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

33

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...302.85 Section 302.85 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD...Support Information Systems Division, Office of State Systems, ACF, 370...

2012-10-01

34

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Review...enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307.25 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2011-10-01

35

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

36

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

37

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2012-10-01

38

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

39

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2012-10-01

40

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

41

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

42

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include... Section 309.115 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

43

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

44

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization... Section 309.105 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

45

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2010-01-01

46

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2009-01-01

47

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2013-01-01

48

Role of Law Enforcement in the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Overview of child abuse and neglect; Rationale for law enforcement involvement; Recognizing child abuse and neglect; Reporting child abuse and neglect; Child abuse and neglect intervention; Preventing child abuse and neglect.

D. D. Broadhurst J. S. Knoeller

1979-01-01

49

45 CFR 302.80 - Medical support enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...secure and enforce medical support obligations under a cooperative...agency shall secure medical support information and establish and enforce medical support obligations in accordance...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under...

2012-10-01

50

National Evaluation of the Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Grant Program. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Evaluation of the Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Grant Program (National Rural Evaluation) was a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Grant Pro...

A. Worrell D. Terrell M. A. Dutton R. Thompson S. Denaro

2002-01-01

51

Law Enforcement Response to Child Abuse. Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide is designed to assist those working to help protect children from being victimized and to improve the investigation of child abuse cases. This guide arms law enforcement professionals with the information needed to ensure consistency in their i...

2001-01-01

52

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in Maryland from October 1, 1998, Through December 31, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Support Enforcement program is a Federal, State, and local partnership established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act to collect child support payments from noncustodial parents for distribution to custodial parents. Within the ...

2008-01-01

53

Comparing child protective investigation performance between law enforcement agencies and child welfare agencies.  

PubMed

This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and cost-efficiency between the two approaches to CPI. These findings may have implications for other states considering outsourcing CPI to law enforcement. PMID:21942106

Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

2011-01-01

54

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section...AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215 Law enforcement support. (a) In accordance...103(a) or (b) must provide: (1) Law enforcement personnel in the number...

2011-10-01

55

Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

2011-01-01

56

Child and Family Support Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child and Family Support Project (Ch.A.F.S.) was designed to facilitate and support access to and coordination of health care services for children with chronic conditions and their families to strengthen family capacity to care for their child in the...

R. B. Thomas

1988-01-01

57

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems...agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security...in the computerized support enforcement system...of the computerized support enforcement system... (c) Training and information. Have...

2011-10-01

58

National Institute of Justice Law Enforcement Peer Support Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although most law enforcement agencies provide professional support for officers involved in deadly threat encounters, such as a shooting incident, few offer counseling services on a routine basis to officers suffering from other types of jobrelated stres...

J. M. Morgan K. M. Gilmartin L. A. Morris

2001-01-01

59

Strengthening the Circle: Child Support for Native American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technical amendments to the 1996 welfare reform legislation--the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)--include new requirements for administering a state child support enforcement program. This document provides background information to American Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, tribal courts, and…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

60

Combating Child Pornography: Federal Agencies Coordinate Law Enforcement Efforts, but an Opportunity Exists for Further Enhancement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives for this report were to (1) identify mechanisms federal agencies have in place to coordinate their efforts to combat child pornography and (2) determine whether opportunities exist to enhance coordination among federal law enforcement agenc...

2002-01-01

61

Child Abuse and Neglect: The Role of the Law Enforcement Officer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results are reported of a seminar held in Texas to explore the role that law enforcement officers should play in identifying, treating, and reporting cases of child maltreatment involving military personnel. The 84 participants included civilian and m...

1977-01-01

62

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection agency as an ``agent of a child;'' and (2) the child welfare data exchange provisions...commenters, Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and program...confidential information to private child support collection agencies...

2010-12-29

63

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection agency as an ``agent of a child''; and (2) the child welfare data exchange provisions...commenters, Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and program...confidential information to private child support collection agencies...

2010-06-07

64

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Securing and enforcing medical support obligations. 303.31...303.31 Securing and enforcing medical support obligations. (a) For purposes of this section: (1) Cash medical support means an amount...

2012-10-01

65

Parental Kidnaping and Child Support. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Problems of Domestic and International Kidnaping and Child Support Enforcement (July 19, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Senate hearing on parental kidnapping and child support. Opening statements are included from Senators Arlen Specter and Mich McConnell. Rebecca Hickman testifies about her experience when her daughter was abducted by the noncustodial father and taken to Iran. Hickman asks…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

66

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services. Effective October 1, 1985, the State...frequently the availability of support enforcement services under the plan through public service announcements. Publicity must include information...

2009-10-01

67

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services. Effective October 1, 1985, the State...frequently the availability of support enforcement services under the plan through public service announcements. Publicity must include information...

2010-10-01

68

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services...AND HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement...

2012-10-01

69

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services...AND HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement...

2011-10-01

70

Abstracts on Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to present some of the more important literature on the topic area of child-environment interactions which is relevant to the planning and design of child-support facilities (infant centers, child-care centers, early childh...

A. B. Hill C. G. Lane U. Cohen G. T. Moore T. McGinty

1978-01-01

71

Do Child Outcomes of All Disciplinary Enforcements Vary By Ethnicity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association of spanking with externalizing behavior problems varies by ethnicity in many studies comparing Black and White Americans. This study investigates whether the outcomes of other disciplinary enforcements also varies by ethnicity in 7- to 11-year-olds. Ethnic interactions were found for spanking, privilege removal, grounding, and, marginally, for sending children to their room. The significant simple effects were never

Robert E. Larzelere; Ron Cox; Ketevan Danelia; Jelani Mandara

72

Paved with Good Intentions: The Federal Role in the Oversight and Enforcement of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The context for this article is the public response to the federal role in the oversight and enforcement of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This response has been characterized by a tension between concerns about federal interference in public education and support for…

Ramanathan, Arun K.

2008-01-01

73

Lessons Learned From Early Corrections and Law Enforcement Family Support (CLEFS) Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since 1996 the National Institute of Justice has awarded over 32 grants under the Corrections and Law Enforcement Family Support (CLEFS) Program to address the negative effects of stress experienced by law enforcement and correctional officers and their f...

R. P. Delprino

2002-01-01

74

75 FR 81547 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...enforcement functions (e.g., search, seizure, arrest, and surveillance). When permitted...other similar activity. (2) A search or seizure. (3) An arrest, apprehension, stop...aircraft; a law enforcement search or seizure; or an arrest, apprehension, or...

2010-12-28

75

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

76

Crimes Involving Child Victims: Law Enforcement Reporting to Child Protective Services in Rural Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis examines child protective service reports made in 494 cases of child victimization known to police. The data were collected from police reports of assaults involving child victims in two rural northeastern towns from 1990 to 1999. Findings suggest that cases reported to child protective services (CPS) were more likely to involve child maltreatment and involve family\\/caretaker offenders. Cases

Jean Dawson; Melissa Wells

2008-01-01

77

Nonresident Parents' Characteristics and Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines implications of having data on only the resident parent in child support analyses and in ignoring nonresident parents. Findings indicate that the characteristics of nonresident parents are central to understanding levels of child support, underscoring the need for data collection that includes resident and nonresident parents. (RJM)

Smock, Pamela J.; Manning, Wendy D.

1997-01-01

78

Risk Analysis Based Business Rule Enforcement for Intelligent Decision Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intelligent information systems are acting by structured rules and do not deal with possible impact on the business environment or future consequences. That is the main reason why automated decisions based on such rules cannot take responsibility and requires involvement or approval of dedicated business people. This limits decision automation possibilities in information systems. However, business rules describe business policy and represent business logics. This can be used in intelligent information systems, together with risk assessment model to simulate real business environment and evaluate possible impact of automated decisions, to support intelligent decision automation. The chapter proposes risk and business rule model integration to provide full intelligent decision automation model used for business rule enforcement and implementation into intelligent software systems of information systems.

Vasilecas, Olegas; Smaizys, Aidas; Brazinskas, Ramunas

79

Promoting law enforcement for child protection: a community analysis.  

PubMed Central

The Colorado Occupant Protection Project (COPP) intervention provided police with brief instruction concerning the importance of citations for drivers' failure to use child safety seats and special coupons to accompany citations. Coupons were exchangeable by drivers for a safety seat and brief training in its use, plus a waiver of the $50 citation fine. Over 4.5 years of archival records were employed, using an ABA design and a comparison community to evaluate the program. Few tickets were issued for nonuse of safety seats during the 3-year baseline in either community. Citations for nonuse of safety seats increased to over 50 per month during the intervention period at the test site, whereas rates remained essentially zero at the comparison site. After the COPP intervention was removed at the intervention site, citation rates for nonuse of safety seats decreased to about 15 per month. Differences between intervention conditions and settings were statistically significant. During the intervention, officers were 44 times more likely to write citations than were controls. Results suggested that a behavioral program can increase police citation writing for child protection purposes.

Lavelle, J M; Hovell, M F; West, M P; Wahlgren, D R

1992-01-01

80

21 Million Children's Health: Our Shared Responsibility. The Medical Child Support Working Group's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the child support enforcement program has been increasingly successful in obtaining health care coverage for children, changes in the labor market, family structure, health care delivery systems, and social welfare policy require new approaches to ensure that children obtain appropriate health care coverage. This report of the Medical…

2000

81

Is family support child abuse prevention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will consider the relationship between child abuse prevention and family support. It will argue that the relationship is complex and sometimes confusing, and that more work needs to be done to unravel some of the conceptual difficulties.

Ilankatz

1997-01-01

82

45 CFR 303.30 - Securing medical support information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...303.30 Securing medical support information. (a...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control...

2012-10-01

83

30 CFR 1227.700 - What enforcement documents may a State issue in support of its delegated function?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... What enforcement documents may a State issue in support of its delegated function... What enforcement documents may a State issue in support of its delegated function...your delegated functions. (a) You may issue demands, subpoenas, and orders...

2013-07-01

84

45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the computerized support enforcement system is designed effectively...will improve the management and administration...writing to use the system for a period...a computerized support enforcement system...for proprietary application software...

2010-10-01

85

45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the computerized support enforcement system is designed effectively...will improve the management and administration...writing to use the system for a period...a computerized support enforcement system...for proprietary application software...

2009-10-01

86

75 FR 5614 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...update Department of Homeland Security/ ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...Washington, DC 20528. Instructions: All submissions received must include the...

2010-02-03

87

Supporting a risk-based anti-money laundering approach through enforcement action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out how the FSA intends to use enforcement tools to support its financial crime strategy and reduce the risk that regulated firms are used to further money laundering. It reiterates that public enforcement action is only one of a wide range of regulatory tools that may be used when faced with money laundering failures and sets out

Andrew Proctor

2005-01-01

88

78 FR 21826 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Force, or Marine Corps in a search, seizure, arrest, or other similar activity unless...law-enforcement-type activities (e.g., search, seizure, and arrest) that are not restricted...other similar activity. (2) A search or seizure. (3) An arrest; apprehension;...

2013-04-12

89

45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD. The Office shall not approve the APD and annually updated APD unless the document, when implemented, will carry out the requirements of §...

2010-10-01

90

45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD. The Office shall not approve the APD and annually updated APD unless the document, when implemented, will carry out the requirements of §...

2009-10-01

91

Patterns of Child Support Compliance in Wisconsin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines five-year compliance patterns among Wisconsin child support cases that came to court in 1986 to 1998. Compliance during the first year provides some indication of long-term compliance, but half of fathers change their compliance rate over the period. Differences between divorced and unmarried fathers are discussed. (Author/MKA)

Meyer, Daniel R.; Bartfeld, Judi

1998-01-01

92

Employer-Supported Child Care in Ontario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six case studies describing current employer-supported child care services in Ontario are presented. The studies describe the PLADEC Day Care Center of the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital, the day care center at the Chedoke-McMaster Hospitals in Hamilton, the Early Learning Centre at Durham College in Oshawa, the Hydrokids day care center at the…

Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.

93

Supporting Law Enforcement in Digital Communities through Natural Language Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen an explosion in the number and scale of digital communities (e.g. peer-to-peer file sharing systems, chat applications and social networking sites). Unfortunately, digital communities are host to sig- nificant criminal activity including copyright infringement, identity theft and child sexual abuse. Combating this growing level of crime is problematic due to the ever increasing scale of today's

Danny Hughes; Paul Rayson; James Walkerdine; Kevin Lee; Phil Greenwood; Awais Rashid; Corinne May-chahal; Margaret Brennan

2008-01-01

94

Effects of child support and welfare policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing and motherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an assessment of the impact of child support enforcement and welfare policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing\\u000a and motherhood. We derive four hypotheses about the effects of policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing and motherhood.\\u000a We propose that teenage motherhood and school enrollment are joint decisions for teenage girls. Based on individual trajectories\\u000a during ages 12–19, our analysis uses

Lingxin Hao; Nan M. Astone; Andrew J. Cherlin

2007-01-01

95

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

96

Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2010-01-01

97

Formative evaluation of a collaborative community-based child abuse prevention project 1 1 This evaluation was supported by the Children’s Health Foundation of Northern Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Together for Kids is a child abuse prevention project that serves children and families in two neighboring communities in a mid-sized Canadian city. The project, a collaborative endeavor of various agencies in the health, social services, and law enforcement sectors, focuses on preventing child abuse and neglect through family support and programming. This article presents the results of a

JUDEE E. ONYSKIW; MARGARET J. HARRISON; Don Spady; Linda McConnan

1999-01-01

98

Local television news and voter support for law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television has become “the” medium of the masses in contemporary America. However, there has been very little systematic investigation\\u000a about television’s impact upon agents of political authority, such as municipal police agencies.\\u000a \\u000a This research analyzes potential linkages between voter support for local police and voter viewing habits of local television\\u000a news. The impact of television news upon voter support for

Jesse C. Brown II

1987-01-01

99

Child Welfare Workers' Adoption of Decision Support Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers must process complex information in deciding to refer clients to appropriate mental health services. Decision support systems have been demonstrated in other fields to be an important tool, yet little research has been done in child welfare. This study focused on the adoption of a specific decision support system into child welfare practice. Quantitative analysis was used

Kirk A. Foster; Arlene R. Stiffman

2009-01-01

100

Employer Support for Families with Child Care Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present and past employer support for child care is reviewed in this paper. The first half of the discussion is devoted to a general and brief historical survey describing employer support for families needing child care and detailing working mothers' increasing demand for child care services. Also briefly mentioned are government programs…

Fischer, Jan Lockwood

101

45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...support enforcement systems in operation by October...support enforcement system established under the...307.15; and (b) Control, account for, and...owed, collected, and distributed; (8) Maintaining...to the State's TANF system so that the IV-A...

2011-10-01

102

Arrests for Child Pornography Production: Data at Two Time Points From a National Sample of U.S. Law Enforcement Agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000–2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for

Janis Wolak; David Finkelhor; Kimberly J. Mitchell; Lisa M. Jones

2011-01-01

103

Enforceable Component-Based Realtime Contracts - Supporting Realtime Properties from Software Development to Execution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present enforceable component-based realtime contracts, the first exten- sion of component-based software engineering technology that comprehensively supports adaptive realtime systems from specification all the way to the running system. To provide this support, we have extended component-based interface defin- ition languages (IDLs) and component representations in repositories to express realtime requirements for components. The final software, which is assembled

Steffen Zschaler; Martin Pohlack; Ronald Aigner; Christoph Pohl; SAP AG; CEC Dresden

104

45 CFR 302.60 - Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION... Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds...obtain payment of past-due support from Federal tax refunds...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control...

2011-10-01

105

45 CFR 302.60 - Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION... Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds...obtain payment of past-due support from Federal tax refunds...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control...

2012-10-01

106

Employer Supported Child Care: Investing in Human Resources. Executive Summary of the National Employer Supported Child Care Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experiences of 415 employers who had child care programs in 1982, this paper summarizes material presented in the major report of the National Employer Supported Child Care Project (NESCCP). Initiated in response to employers' growing interest in child care, the NESCCP aimed to assist businesses by: (1) describing existing…

Divine-Hawkins, Patricia; Collins, Raymond C.

107

SUPPORTIVE EXPRESSIVE THERAPY – PARENT CHILD VERSION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy – Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent’s internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent–child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent–child play sessions followed

JOANNE G. CUMMINGS; JEAN-VICTOR WITTENBERG

2008-01-01

108

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...financial support to family members and to obey...nonsupport and child custody issues. Consistent with specific...financial support to family members that meets at...to resolve nonsupport issues with family members by one of...

2010-07-01

109

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...financial support to family members and to obey...nonsupport and child custody issues. Consistent with specific...financial support to family members that meets at...to resolve nonsupport issues with family members by one of...

2009-07-01

110

[Supporting the mother-child bond in the home].  

PubMed

One of the missions of the professionals from the mother and child welfare service is to support the emergence of parent-child bonding. Observation of the interactions between parents and their baby bythe child care worker, in the home, is a fundamental tool.The professional then becomes a witness and player in this meetingand in the establishment of the initial bonds. PMID:23641620

Cochereau, Asmaa

111

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable or...

2011-04-01

112

Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

Olson, Maril

2007-01-01

113

Children's Protective Services and Law Enforcement: Fostering Partnerships in Investigations of Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although collaboration in child abuse investigations has been emphasized since 1974, barriers, including role conflicts and organizational differences, have often been reported. This study describes the process of collaboration based on the perceptions of investigators working with a Child Advocacy Center. Telephone interviews were conducted with…

Newman, Bernie Sue; Dannenfelser, Paul L.

2005-01-01

114

Child Support, Father-Child Contact, and Preteens' Involvement with Nonresidential Fathers: Racial/Ethnic Differences  

PubMed Central

This study examined how child support, frequency of contact with children, and the relationship between nonresidential parents influenced preteens’ reports of the involvement of fathers and mothers in their life. Data are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) that has followed the children of NLSY mothers from birth into their twenties. Results showed that increases in child support and in contact with the child over time after separation are linked to a better coparental relationship when children are age 11 or 12. This better relationship between parents is, in turn, associated with greater involvement of both mothers and nonresidential fathers with their children.

Forry, Nicole D.; Peters, H. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

115

Impact of Homeland Security Alert level on calls to a law enforcement peer support hotline.  

PubMed

The Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS) was established by the Department of Homeland Security to communicate the risk of a terrorist event. In order to explore the potential psychological impacts of HSAS we analyzed the effects of terror alerts on the law enforcement community. We used data from the New Jersey Cop 2 Cop crisis intervention hotline. Incidence Rate Ratios--interpreted as average relative increases in the daily number of calls to the Cop 2 Cop hotline during an increased alert period--were computed from Poisson models. The hotline received a total of 4,145 initial calls during the study period. The mean daily number of calls was higher during alert level elevation compared to prior 7 days (7.68 vs. 8.00). In the Poisson regression analysis, the Incidence Rate Ratios of number of calls received during elevated alert levels compared to the reference period of seven days preceding each change in alert were close to 1, with confidence intervals crossing 1 (i.e. not statistically significant) for all lag periods evaluated. This investigation, in the context of New Jersey law enforcement personnel, does not support the concern that elevating the alert status places undue stress upon alert recipients. PMID:18459529

Omer, Saad B; Barnett, Daniel J; Castellano, Cherie; Wierzba, Rachel K; Hiremath, Girish S; Balicer, Ran D; Everly, George S

2007-01-01

116

Stress and Supports to Families with a Handicapped Child [and] Adjustment of Families with Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the impact of child variables, parent variables, and family resources (professional and informal supports) on the family's ability to cope with a child with special needs. Child variables include child gender, birth order, severity of handicap, degree of child dependency, extent of attachment, age of the child, and presence of…

McDonald, Linda; And Others

117

THE SOUTH AFRICAN CHILD'S RIGHT TO MAINTENANCE - A CONSTITUTIONALLY ENFORCEABLE SOCIOECONOMIC RIGHT?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article highlights the lack of resources for both the prevention of abuse and neglect and for the protection of children as a central issue of concern in South Africa, especially in the light of the devastating effect of the HIV\\/AIDS pandemic. The large number of maternal deaths in particular has led to the emergence of child-headed families. There are

BRIGITTE CLARK

118

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

119

Supportive Care of A Critically Ill Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of pediatric intensive care is early identification, severity assessment and resuscitation of critical patients by\\u000a utilizing standardized protocols. The primary or precipitating disorder should be the focus of attention and specific intervention.\\u000a But in order to provide holistic care to a patient, due attention should also be rendered to supportive care. Monitoring of\\u000a sick children in PICU is

Sunil Saharan; Rakesh Lodha; Sushil K. Kabra

2011-01-01

120

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

121

Child Support in Context: Comments on Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary is a response to an article on the impact of child support guidelines on the economic well-being of children by Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl. The response is organized into two sections: a critique of the analyses and recommendations offered by Rettig et al., and a different set of solutions based on a broader definition of the…

Salt, Robert

1991-01-01

122

The Regular Receipt of Child Support: A Multistep Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation revealed that several steps were involved in receiving child support: agreements, eligibility, receipt of partial payment, and receiving the full amount regularly. Predictors and their strengths varied from one step to another, but having an agreement and a level of payments were most…

Peterson, James L.; Nord, Christine Winquist

1990-01-01

123

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

124

Arrests for child pornography production: data at two time points from a national sample of U.S. law enforcement agencies.  

PubMed

This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000-2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for CP production more than doubled from an estimated 402 in 2000-2001 to an estimated 859 in 2006. Findings suggest the increase was related to increased law enforcement activity rather than to growth in the population of CP producers. Adolescent victims increased, but there was no increase in the proportion of arrest cases involving very young victims or violent images. Producers distributed images in 23% of arrest cases, a proportion that did not change over time. This suggests that much CP production may be primarily for private use. Proactive law enforcement operations increased, as did other features consistent with a robust law enforcement response. PMID:21788212

Wolak, Janis; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Jones, Lisa M

2011-07-24

125

The Association of Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Child Externalizing Problems: The Role of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the role of abuse-specific maternal support in the association between parent depressive symptoms and child externalizing problems in a sample of children with a history of sexual abuse. In total, 106 mother-child dyads were studied. The association between maternal depressive symptoms and child delinquency behaviors was found…

Rakow, Aaron; Smith, Daniel; Begle, Angela M.; Ayer, Lynsay

2011-01-01

126

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in New Jersey from October 1, 1998 - March 31, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our objectives were to determine whether the State agency appropriately recognized and reported program income for undistributable child support collections and interest earned on child support collections. For the period October 1, 1998, through March 31...

2008-01-01

127

A National Profile of Nonresident Fathers and Their Ability to Pay Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers the first national estimates of nonresident fathers' income and child support payments. Findings indicate that nonresident fathers could pay as much as $34 billion more in child support. Explains how this figure was derived and offers a national profile of nonresident fathers and their ability to pay child support. (RJM)

Sorensen, Elaine

1997-01-01

128

The Effect of Joint-Child-Custody Legislation on the Child-Support Receipt of Single Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the preponderance of single mothers on public assistance, delinquent child support has been a contentious political\\u000a issue in the U.S. We examine whether joint-child-custody reform affects the child-support receipt of single mothers. We use\\u000a variation in the timing of joint-custody reforms across states to identify the effect of joint custody on the child-support\\u000a receipt of single mothers. Joint-custody

Brandeanna D. AllenJohn; John M. Nunley; Alan Seals

2011-01-01

129

Child Care: '76 and Beyond: The Design and Management of Systems for Supplying Child Care and Supportive Child Development Services in the East Metropolitan Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project describes the proposed design and management of systems for supplying child care and supportive services in the East Metropolitan Area of St. Paul, Minnesota, and addresses the general problem of the increased need and demand for formal child care services. The stated goal of the project is to assure child care services which are…

Winget, W. Gary

130

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

131

Good, Responsible Parenting: Child-Support Guidelines in an Era of Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following decades of criticism, the federal government amended the Divorce Act in 1997 to include guidelines and support tables for the determination of child-support orders. The guidelines were meant to replace a child-support system that relied heavily on judicial discretion, which was blamed for the inconsistency between awards, the inadequacy of the amounts awarded, and inequity in the system. Normative

Krista Robson

2010-01-01

132

Good, Responsible Parenting: Child-Support Guidelines in an Era of Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Following decades of criticism, the federal government amended the Divorce Act in 1997 to include guidelines and support tables for the determination of child-support orders. The guidelines were meant to replace a child-support system that relied heavily on judicial discretion, which was blamed for the inconsistency between awards, the inadequacy of the amounts awarded, and inequity in the system. Normative

Krista Robson

2010-01-01

133

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

134

Compilation of Initiatives to Support Home-Based Child Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Home-based child careregulated family child care and family, friend, and neighbor care exempt from regulationis a common child care arrangement for many young children in the United States, especially those from low-income families and families of color (...

C. Begnoche L. Vuong P. Del Grosso R. Hass T. Nichols T. Porter

2010-01-01

135

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

136

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

137

Transfer of Responsibility for Child Protective Investigations to Law Enforcement in Florida: A Supplemental Study Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May 1998, the Florida Legislature mandated the transfer of responsibility for child protective investigations in Manatee, Pinellas, and Pasco Counties from the Department of Children and Families (DCF) to the Sheriff's offices (SO) in those counties. T...

M. Dichter R. Gelles S. Kinnevy V. Huang

2005-01-01

138

Increasing Support for Alcohol-Control Enforcement Through News Coverage of Alcohol's Role in Injuries and Crime  

PubMed Central

Objective: Prior research has shown that the proportion of news stories about violent crimes, car crashes, and other unintended injuries that mention the possible contributing role of alcohol is far lower than the actual proportion of alcohol-related crimes and unintended injuries. An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that inclusion of such mention can increase concern about alcohol risks and support for alcohol-control measures, which have elsewhere been shown to decrease alcohol-related problems in community settings. Methodologically, we provide a model for experiments permitting generalization across randomly selected message stimuli. Method: Sixty randomly selected local news stories on violent crime, motor vehicle crashes, and other unintended injuries from newspapers throughout the United States were manipulated into versions including or not including alcohol as a causative factor. Participants (n = 785) were drawn from a national online research panel representative of the U.S. population; 66% of panel members contacted agreed to participate. Data were analyzed using mixed-effect, multilevel models to permit generalization across message and participant variability. Results: Mention of alcohol in news stories increased support for enforcement of alcohol-control laws. Conclusions: Efforts to increase mention of alcohol as a causative factor in news reports of violent crime and unintended injury have the potential to increase public support for alcohol-control policies.

Slater, Michael D.; Hayes, Andrew F; Goodall, Catherine E.; Ewoldsen, David R.

2012-01-01

139

Parenting a Child with a Disability: The Role of Social Support for African American Parents  

PubMed Central

This paper examines: (1) the impact of having a child with a disability on parents’ mental and physical health among urban-dwelling African Americans and (2) the extent to which positive and negative social interactions with family other than the spouse moderate the impact of child’s disability on parental adaptation. Analyses are based on a probability sample of African Americans living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The analytic sample includes 48 parents of a child with a disability and 144 comparison group parents of non-disabled children. Results showed that having a child with a disability is associated with more somatic symptoms. However, the negative consequences of the child’s disability on parents’ mental health are reduced when parents receive greater positive support from family.

Ha, Jung-Hwa; Greenberg, Jan S.; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick

2012-01-01

140

Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

2008-01-01

141

Execution leases: a hardware-supported mechanism for enforcing strong non-interference  

Microsoft Academic Search

High assurance systems such as those found in aircraft controls and the financial industry are often required to handle a mix of tasks where some are niceties (such as the control of media for entertainment, or supporting a re- mote monitoring interface) while others are absolutely crit- ical (such as the control of safety mechanisms, or main- taining the secrecy

Mohit Tiwari; Xun Li; Hassan M. G. Wassel; Frederic T. Chong; Timothy Sherwood

2009-01-01

142

Cohesion from Conflict: Does Intergroup Conflict Motivate Intragroup Norm Enforcement and Support for Centralized Leadership?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classic work suggests that intergroup conflict increases intragroup cohesion and cooperation. But how do group members respond when their peers refuse to cooperate? Simmel ([1908] 1955) argued that groups in conflict quell dissent by sanctioning group members and supporting centralized leadership systems. This claim has important implications,…

Benard, Stephen

2012-01-01

143

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Meyer, Daniel R.; Cancian, Maria.; Bartfeld, Judi.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.

144

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

145

Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

2009-01-01

146

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has no such effect among women, representing less

Emily Fitzgibbons Shafer; Neil Malhotra

2011-01-01

147

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

148

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

149

Designing toys with automatic play characterization for supporting the assessment of a child's development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of the Child'sPlay system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording, recognition, and quantification of a child's object play behaviors for retrospective analysis. Our prototype system consists of six varieties of toys augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform which uses statistical pattern recognition techniques to automatically

Tracy L. Westeyn; Julie A. Kientz; Thad E. Starner

2008-01-01

150

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

151

The Effect of Employer-Supported Child Care in Three Canadian Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this year-long study was to evaluate the effects of the Edmonton Hospital Workers' Child Care Society programs in three Canadian hospitals on the employers, the employees, and the children served. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of employer-supported child care on (1) employee absenteeism; (2) tardiness;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

152

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

153

Mothers' Reports of Paternal Support: Associations with Maternal Child-Rearing Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Obtained urban minority mothers' reports of pattern of support from resident and nonresident fathers, when their infants were one year old. Found that the more support a woman saw herself receiving from her partner, the fewer power-assertive child-rearing attitudes she reported. Most important form of paternal support identified was emotional…

Brunelli, Susan, A.; And Others

1995-01-01

154

Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

2010-01-01

155

Genetic and adoptive motherhood: Stress, marital relationship, and child care support.  

PubMed

In this paper we characterize adoptive and genetic motherhood with or without stress indicators. Participants were 86 mothers (36 adoptive, 50 genetic) with children from 0 to 12 years old. They answered questions about focal child and mother profile, marital relationship, child care support and the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. Results showed that mothers in both groups reported child care support, but there was more participation of nonrelatives in the care of adoptive children and relatives in the care of genetic children. There was greater marital stability and less conflict with the arrival of the child in the adoptive families and predominance of stress indicators in genetic mothers. We concluded that, although there are differences between adoptive and genetic motherhood, these do not imply advantages for one versus the other. Moreover, marital stability related to the adoption process and sociodemographic characteristics of adoptive mothers may have contributed to lower prevalence of stress. PMID:23713751

Howat-Rodrigues, Anna Beatriz Carnielli; Tokumaru, Rosana Suemi; de Amorim, Thalita Novaes; Garcia, Agnaldo; Izar, Patrícia

2013-05-28

156

Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.  

PubMed

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

2012-01-01

157

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

158

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

159

Evaluation of Support Groups for Child Abuse Prevention: Outcomes of Four State Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent support groups have grown in popularity as a strategy for preventing child maltreatment, but there have been few evaluations of these groups. The purpose of this paper is twofold. One goal is to identify some of the major challenges in the evaluation of parent support groups and to provide strategies for minimizing these potential difficulties. The second goal is

Mary Kay Falconer; Mary E. Haskett; Linda McDaniels; Thelma Dirkes; Edward C. Siegel

2008-01-01

160

Nutrition support of the postoperative cardiac surgery child.  

PubMed

There may be a correlation in critically ill children between the accuracy of estimated energy requirement and infection, mortality, and length of stay. Historically, energy needs were estimated using predictive equations with stress factor adjustments. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence for indirect calorimetry, predictive equations, and other clinical indicators (ie, patient outcomes) to estimate energy requirements of the postoperative, critically ill, cardiac infant. Consistent with current guidelines, indirect calorimetry provides the best estimate of energy requirements for critically ill children. Predictive equations are unreliable, either over- or underestimate energy requirements, and do not take into account the metabolic changes that occur in the postoperative cardiac infant. To address the changing metabolic state throughout the course of illness, clinicians need to individualize recommendations by implementing frequent indirect calorimetry measurements at bedside. Actual energy delivery to the postoperative cardiac surgery child in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can be further hindered by many procedural and patient barriers. The provision of appropriate caloric requirements may help clinicians correct the metabolic state and promote recovery and anabolism. Therefore, optimizing nutrition intake of the postoperative, cardiac surgical child requires a paradigm shift toward individualized nutrition prescription, in the context of a PICU-specific feeding algorithm. PMID:23921299

Leong, Amanda Y; Field, Catherine J; Larsen, Bodil M

2013-08-06

161

Ethnic Variations in Social Support Networks and Child Rearing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparing Ute Mountain Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos within several communities, this study examined: (1) ethnic differences in the structure and function of parents' support networks; and (2) the relation of social support to parental feelings of competence and parenting behaviors. From 4 sites in Colorado, 484 parents or guardians of 2- to…

MacPhee, David; And Others

162

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...should receive support equal to one-fourth of BAQ at the with-dependents rate...The right to counsel under the Fifth Amendment. (h) Form of support payment...The right to counsel under the Fifth Amendment. (vi) Explain the following to...

2013-07-01

163

Role Adjustment Among Low-Income, Single Parents With a Retarded Child: Patterns of Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-two Black, low-income, single-parent families who have a young mentally retarded child were studied with the purpose of identifying the types and patterns of network support that are associated with positive adjustment to the parental role. Variables related to the provisions of social support and network organization were examined. Only support satisfaction and the degree of balance between instrumental and

C. Wayne Jones

1991-01-01

164

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

165

Effects of Stress and Social Supports on Mother-Child Interactions in Single and Two-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight mother-child pairs -- 14 single parent mothers and their preschool children and a matched group of married women and their children -- were observed in order to investigate four questions concerning potential differences in the mother-child interactions, life circumstances, and social supports. These questions are (1) Do mother-child

Weinraub, Marsha; Wolf, Barbara M.

166

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

2010-01-01

167

Where Copyright Enforcement and Net Neutrality Collide - How the EU Telecoms Package Supports Two Corporate Political Agendas for the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a change to European Union (EU) telecoms law which de facto permits operators to impose restrictions on network traffic, and which enables such restrictions to be imposed for the purposes of copyright enforcement—thus it simultaneously facilitates two different policy agendas from the copyright and telecoms industries—‘three-strikes’ as well as ‘traffic management.’ The mechanism is a provision concerning

Monica Horten

2010-01-01

168

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

169

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

170

The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

Surles, Stephanie

2007-01-01

171

TV Spots and Supportive Printed Materials on Child-Rearing Practices. Work Unit III. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the 1976-1977 final report of Work Unit III of Southwest Educational Development Laboratory's Early Childhood Program. The Unit was funded to develop media products, mass media delivery strategies, television spot announcements and supportive booklets designed to increase awareness of certain child-rearing skills and practices among low…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

172

Community and informal social support for recipients of child protective services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative study of parents receiving child protective services (CPS) was conducted to understand their experience with CPS involvement. Sixty-one parents from two CPS agencies in Ontario, Canada, participated in semistructured interviews lasting 1.5 to 2 h. A grounded theory approach was used to find emergent themes in the rich data, which included the role of formal and informal supports

Shehenaz Manji; Sarah Maiter; Sally Palmer

2005-01-01

173

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

174

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Middle Childhood Edition, Grades 3-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with late elementary and middle school-aged children, specifically children in grades three through six, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies,…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

175

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

176

Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationship than were the siblings themselves. As hypothesized, stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling relationships. Informal social support buffered the deleterious effects

Jessica Wood Rivers; Zolinda Stoneman

2003-01-01

177

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

178

The Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers on Nutrition: The South African Child Support Grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of research that has argued that the income elasticity of nutrition is low, the goal of a new generation of cash transfer programmes to boost the nutrition of poor families' children may seem surprising. This observation applies especially to South Africa's unconditional Child Support Grant (CSG), in which cash grants are made to families with no strings attached.

Jorge M. Agüero; Michael R. Carter; Ingrid Woolard

2007-01-01

179

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

180

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

181

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Previous research has linked parents’ social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3–15 in Chicago, we find that parents’ family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression.

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2011-01-01

182

Multiple Families, Multiple Goals, Multiple Failures: The Need for “Limited Equalization” as a Theory of Child Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current child support laws are based on flawed assumptions about families that fail to reflect family complexity and the realities of parenting. Further, there has been little reevaluation of the stated goals of child support law since they were first implemented thirty years ago. The stated goals — fiscal savings, children’s economic well-being, and parental involvement — have not been

Adrienne Jennings Lockie

2009-01-01

183

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

184

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons.

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

185

Association of child care providers breastfeeding support with breastfeeding duration at 6 months.  

PubMed

Many lactating mothers participate in the workforce and have their infants cared for outside of their home, yet little is known about their child care providers' (CCPs') support of breastfeeding. This study examines the association between CCPs' breastfeeding support as reported by mothers at 3 months and mother's breastfeeding at 6 months. Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal study, followed mothers of infants via mail questionnaires almost monthly from late pregnancy throughout the first year. This study consisted of 183 mothers who breastfed and had their infant in child care at 3 months and answered 5 questions regarding CCPs' supports. Total number of CCPs' support was a summary of responses to individual items and categorized into 3 levels (0-2, 3-4, or 5 total supports). Multiple logistic regressions examined how each breastfeeding support and total number were associated with breastfeeding at 6 months. Breastfeeding at 6 months was significantly associated with CCP support to feed expressed breast milk (AOR = 4.55; 95% CI = 1.09, 18.95) and allow mothers to breastfeed at the child care place before or after work (AOR = 6.23; 95% CI = 1.33, 29.16). Compared to mothers who reported fewer than 3 total supports, mothers who reported 5 supports were 3 times as likely to be breastfeeding at 6 months (AOR = 3.00, 95% CI = 1.11, 8.13). Our findings suggest that CCPs' breastfeeding support at 3 months, particularly feeding expressed breast milk and allowing mothers to breastfeed before or after work, may help mothers maintain breastfeeding at 6 months. PMID:22706997

Batan, Marilyn; Li, Ruowei; Scanlon, Kelley

2013-05-01

186

Chronic illness: the importance of support for families caring for a child with cystic fibrosis.  

PubMed

The effect of chronic life-threatening illness on the family is one of the major problems confronting the health-care system today. Increasingly, parents have the major responsibility for the daily management of their child's condition. There is evidence that many parents lack the professional help and support which could ameliorate some of their problems. It is important that nurses have an understanding of how families cope with the burden of caring for a chronically ill child. Health professionals need clear guidelines on how to support these families in their role as primary care-givers. This paper examines how families of children with cystic fibrosis adapt to the illness in order to provide indicators for nursing practice and to enhance the care and support provided for these families. Effective coping strategies include: assigning meaning to the illness, sharing the burden, denial of diagnosis and incorporating therapy in a schedule. PMID:9188350

Coyne, I T

1997-03-01

187

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study  

PubMed Central

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?2 = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children.

Lindsey, Michael A.; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J. Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M.; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B.

2012-01-01

188

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure.

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

189

Coparent Support and Conflict in African American Single Mother-Headed Families: Associations With Maternal and Child Psychosocial Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal investigation examined main and interactive effects of coparent support and conflict on mother and child adjustment in 248 low-income, African American, single mother-headed families. The findings indicated that coparent conflict was a more robust predictor of mother and child maladjustment both cross-sectionally and longitudinally than was coparent support. Moreover, findings revealed that coparent conflict and support interacted to

Deborah J. Jones; Rex Forehand; Shannon Dorsey; Sarah Foster; Gene Brody

2005-01-01

190

Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

2011-01-01

191

Evaluation of an Online Peer Support Network for Fathers of a Child With a Brain Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre\\/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a

David B. Nicholas; Anu Chahauver; David Brownstone; Ross Hetherington; Ted McNeill; Eric Bouffet

2012-01-01

192

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

193

45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...collection of support causes a change...the data in the system; (12) Providing management information on...initial referral or application through collection...State Medicaid system to provide for...of the medical support information...

2010-10-01

194

45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...collection of support causes a change...the data in the system; (12) Providing management information on...initial referral or application through collection...State Medicaid system to provide for...of the medical support information...

2009-10-01

195

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

196

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

197

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

198

Attractiveness of child care and related employer-supported benefits and policies to married and single parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing demographics in the family and in the labor force necessitate creative solutions to the child care coordination problems that face employed parents with young children. The present study explores the appeal to 321 employed parents of various corporate-supported benefits and policies that enable parents to coordinate employment and child care. Major findings from the survey were that fathers as

Wendy A. Goldberg; Ellen Greenberger; Judith Koch-Jones; Robin O'Neil; Sharon Hamill

1989-01-01

199

The Fair Labor Standards Act. Enforcement of Child Labor Provisions in Massachusetts. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1987, investigations of 113 cases of alleged or suspected child labor violations at Massachusetts business establishments were conducted. Thirteen (38 percent) of these were randomly selected for review. Compliance officers in the Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division substantiated child labor violations in 9 of the 13 cases. A total…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

200

Child Care: State Efforts to Enforce Safety and Health Requirements. Report to the Honorable Sander M. Levin, House of Representatives. GAO-04-786  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The federal government requires states that receive funds from the Child Care and Development Fund to establish basic health and safety requirements. The federal government also requires states receiving federal funds for child care to have procedures in place to ensure that providers being paid with grant dollars comply with the applicable…

Shaul, Marnie S.

2004-01-01

201

Employer-Supported Child Care in Canada = Les Services de Garderie Subventionnes par l'Employeur au Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this overview of employer-supported day care in Canada, several issues are discussed in English and French. Topics include: (1) development of employer-supported day care (ESDC) in Canada; (2) benefits of ESDC; (3) types of ESDC; (4) types of employers and reasons for establishing or supporting child care programs; (5) users of ESDC programs;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

202

20 CFR 725.512 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. 725.512 Section 725.512 Employees...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. If current maintenance needs...dependent child, or a legally dependent parent of the...

2013-04-01

203

Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

204

Selective Traffic Enforcement Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selective enforcement is that part of a traffic safety program which involves the planning, directing, implementing and evaluating of traffic law enforcement activity. The ultimate goal of selective enforcement is to reduce traffic accidents by systematic...

F. D. Roberson N. Darwick W. H. Franey

1972-01-01

205

8 CFR 1003.47 - Identity, law enforcement, or security investigations or examinations relating to applications...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...is subject to the conduct of identity, law enforcement, or security...has completed the appropriate identity, law enforcement, or security...consequences of filing under the Child Status Protection Act. ...application for relief for which identity, law...

2013-01-01

206

Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed.

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-01-01

207

Assessing child care providers' knowledge and attitudes regarding support of breastfeeding in a region with low breastfeeding prevalence.  

PubMed

Background: Working mothers who place their infants into out-of-home child care face many challenges to sustaining breastfeeding. Child care providers, who are in frequent close contact with young families, may be potential resources for promoting breastfeeding. Objectives: This study focused on identifying child care providers' attitudes toward and knowledge about breastfeeding as well as providers' perceptions about strategies to increase breastfeeding rates among mothers of infants in child care centers. Methods: Seventy-five providers from 11 child care centers in the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, area were surveyed using paper and pencil questionnaires. Self-reported demographics, attitudes, knowledge, and perceptions about breastfeeding were collected. Results: Responses demonstrated a generally positive attitude toward breastfeeding among child care providers but a knowledge deficit in terms of the health impacts and proper handling of breast milk. A minority of providers reported that their center's staff currently receives breastfeeding education, but most providers believed that measures to promote the use of breast milk in their center should target parents rather than the center staff. Conclusion: Child care providers need resources about the benefits of human milk, proper handling of expressed milk, and ways to make centers more breastfeeding friendly. Many providers feel ineffective in supporting breastfeeding and are unaware of the role they may play in mothers' infant feeding decisions. Though child care providers do not appear to believe they can influence parents' decisions about breastfeeding, educating and empowering them could play an important role in increasing breastfeeding rates. PMID:23893551

Lucas, Ashley; McMahon, Pamela M; Asling, Marci Brewer; Knobloch, Annette; Kosh, Emily; Sims, Kacie

2013-07-26

208

The Relationship between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods: Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results: Multiple…

Guralnick, M. J.; Hammond, M. A.; Neville, B.; Connor, R. T.

2008-01-01

209

A Case of Forced Equity: Obtaining Spousal and Child Support From a Member of the Armed Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Comment presents an overview of procedures which the practitioner may employ to obtain spousal and child support from a service member stationed in the United States, identifies problems which may arise in these efforts, and discusses strategies to overcome those obstacles. The first section explains the military procedure for obtaining support and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of that

Georgetta Beck

2010-01-01

210

Global paediatric advanced life support: improving child survival in limited-resource settings.  

PubMed

Nearly all global mortality in children younger than 5 years (99%) occurs in developing countries. The leading causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years worldwide, pneumonia and diarrhoeal illness, account for 1·396 and 0·801 million annual deaths, respectively. Although important advances in prevention are being made, advanced life support management in children in developing countries is often incomplete because of limited resources. Existing advanced life support management guidelines for children in limited-resource settings are mainly empirical, rather than evidence-based, written for the hospital setting, not standardised with a systematic approach to patient assessment and categorisation of illness, and taught in current paediatric advanced life support training courses from the perspective of full-resource settings. In this Review, we focus on extension of higher quality emergency and critical care services to children in developing countries. When integrated into existing primary care programmes, simple inexpensive advanced life support management can improve child survival worldwide. PMID:23332963

Ralston, Mark E; Day, Louise T; Slusher, Tina M; Musa, Ndidiamaka L; Doss, Helen S

2013-01-19

211

Commentary on technology transfer to law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Florida Department of Law Enforcement is currently participating in multiple national projects to assess the needs of law enforcement, as related to electronic surveillance. The purpose of these projects is to articulate those needs and concerns, from a state and local perspective, to the respective industries and provide support for federal legislation requiring industry to include law enforcement needs when designing and implementing or transferring new technology to public or commercial use.

Tudor, Ron P.

1994-03-01

212

Does money matter for mental health? Evidence from the Child Support Grants in Johannesburg, South Africa.  

PubMed

Globally, the poor are consistently at greater risk of suffering from depression and anxiety. Yet in resource-poor countries, mental health remains a neglected topic. This interdisciplinary study explored the potential for a poverty alleviation programme to contribute to breaking the vicious cycle between poverty and common mental disorders (CMD). Quantitatively, beneficiaries of a cash-transfer programme were found to have a lower risk of CMD. Qualitative interviews indicated that Child Support Grants acted as a psychological safety net, but that negative stereotypes of grant recipients could detract from the positive mental health outcomes of the grants. It was concluded that poverty alleviation programmes such as cash transfers could have both positive and negative impacts on mental health. In order to achieve mental health benefits for programme beneficiaries, aspects of programme design and implementation that promote mental health should be enhanced and aspects detrimental to mental health modified. PMID:20938853

Plagerson, Sophie; Patel, Vikram; Harpham, Trudy; Kielmann, Karina; Mathee, Angela

2011-05-24

213

Hypermasculinity, intimate partner violence, sexual aggression, social support, and child maltreatment risk in urban, heterosexual fathers taking parenting classes.  

PubMed

This study examines the relationships between hypermasculinity, sexual aggression, intimate partner violence, social support, and child maltreatment risk among heterosexual fathers completing parenting classes. Hypermasculinity scores were found to be significant predictors of study participants' reported verbal, physical, and sexual aggression toward their intimate partners. Only lack of social support, operationalized as the reported frequency of participants' conversations with friends, relatives, or neighbors about their problems, was found to be a significant predictor of child maltreatment risk. Alcohol frequency, education, and monthly income were not found to be unique, significant predictors of any dependent variables. Implications for clinical practice and research as well as limitations to the current study are discussed. PMID:20405780

Vasquez Guerrero, Desi Alonzo

2009-01-01

214

28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

2013-07-01

215

45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...indicate the amount of current support collected, the amount of arrearages...collected and the amount of support collected which was paid to...system that performs child support enforcement activities consistent...response system which provides the information required under...

2011-10-01

216

Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

2010-01-01

217

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

218

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article illustrates the use of child-level and classroom data to inform an individualized mentoring protocol

Susan M. Zoll; Bobbi Rosenquest

2011-01-01

219

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

220

Examination of the Child Protective Services Decision-Making Context with Implications for Decision Support System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general perception of Child Protective Services (CPS) decision making is that it is inconsistent and prone to error. As a result, risk assessment instruments were developed to enable investigators to make better decisions. The present study uses a qualitative approach with an explicit theoretical framework pertinent to management information systems and decision support system design to examine the context

Dale Fitch

2006-01-01

221

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

222

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

223

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

224

General Enforcement Policy Compendium  

SciTech Connect

The attached documents contained in the report, are an update of the General Enforcement Policy Compendium. The update consists of policies which have been added, revised or deleted since the issuance of the June 11, 1987, update. Some of the policies are: Issuance of Enforcement Considerations for Drafting and Reviewing Regulations and Guidelines for Developing New or Revised Compliance and Enforcement Strategies, Procedures and Responsibilities for Updating and Maintaining the Enforcement Docket, Final Guidance on Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution Techniques in Enforcement Action, Processing of Consent Decrees, Procedures for Assessing Stipulated Penalties, Case Management Plans, and Guidance on Certification of Compliance with Enforcement Agreements. There are also modifications to existing policies.

Not Available

1988-12-16

225

Parking and Traffic Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bulletin provides a review of parking and traffic enforcement issues as they relate to protection of the public, improvement of traffic flow, and parking management in large cities. Information regarding civilian parking enforcement agents, administr...

1980-01-01

226

Time To Care: Redesigning Child Care To Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refuting the widely held belief that the child care crisis in America is irresolvableor that it can be resolved by simply relying on market forcesthis book presents an alternative vision for ensuring that American families with children will have access to high-quality, affordable child care, shifting the perception of the issue as primarily one…

Lombardi, Joan

227

Relatives as Child Care Givers: After Hours Support for Nontraditional Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a sample of 1,841 families from the National Child Care Survey (1990) and accompanying Low-Income Supplement (1990) to determine the amount and timing of child care services offered by relatives to working families with young children. Results indicate that relative care is primarily provided by grandparents. Compared to other parents, single parents and those working nontraditional hours

Holly Jo Hair Hunts; Rosemary J. Avery

1998-01-01

228

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

229

Time To Care: Redesigning Child Care To Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refuting the widely held belief that the child care crisis in America is irresolvableor that it can be resolved by simply relying on market forcesthis book presents an alternative vision for ensuring that American families with children will have access to high-quality, affordable child care, shifting the perception of the issue as primarily one…

Lombardi, Joan

230

Home Management 7: Child Care Unit. Course Objectives, Content Analysis, Supporting Objectives and Content Generalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These curriculum materials represent a child care unit in a home management program which is concerned with consumer and family studies. The curriculum unit is designed to help young adolescents work successfully with small children. A career focus, that of baby sitter or child caregiver, forms the unit's conceptual framework. This publication…

Erickson, Susan, Comp.; Martin, Joan, Ed.

231

Somalia: supporting the child survival agenda when routine health service is broken.  

PubMed

Somalia, one of the most unstable countries in the world, has been without a permanent government for nearly 2 decades. With a health system in total disarray, coverage of basic health interventions remains low and, maternal and child mortality is among the highest in the world. Health partners jointly outlined an integrated package of critical child survival interventions to be delivered through a population-based delivery strategy known as Child Health Days (CHDs), to reduce child mortality. Using this strategy, key child survival interventions are delivered to the community with an objective of reaching children <5 years and women of childbearing age in all districts of Somalia every 6 months. Through this strategy, immunization services were reached in remote areas, and coverage disparity between the urban and rural areas was reduced from 17% (42% urban and 25% rural) to 10% (50% urban and 60% rural). In addition, infants were reached with a third dose of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine, achieving 51% coverage during 2009 and 66% in 2010. This paper summarizes the challenges of scaling up child interventions in the troubled context of Somalia by reviewing the planning, implementation, and achievements of CHDs as well as reflecting on challenges for the future of child survival in Somalia. PMID:22315380

Mirza, Imran Raza; Kamadjeu, Raoul; Assegid, Kebede; Mulugeta, Abraham

2012-03-01

232

Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive Versus Controlling Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either an evaluation (mothers told their child would be evaluated by other children)

Wendy S. Grolnick; Carrie E. Price; Krista L. Beiswenger; Christine C. Sauck

2007-01-01

233

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent\\u000a anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice\\u000a settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods, resulting in a lack of therapist\\u000a competence. However, at present, the

Elizabeth S. Sburlati; Carolyn A. Schniering; Heidi J. Lyneham; Ronald M. Rapee

2011-01-01

234

Social Support Expectations and Strategic Ambiguity in Parent–Young Adult Child Divorce-Related Stressor Conversations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With communication privacy management and the divorce disclosure model as guiding frameworks, this study identified the stressors postdivorce families discussed as they mature, elucidated the types of social support parents and young adult children expected regarding divorce-related stress, and tested whether motivational and contextual factors prompted parents' use of strategic ambiguity while discussing stressors. By examining parent–child divorce-related stressor conversations

Tara G. McManus; Jon F. Nussbaum

2011-01-01

235

Child Feeding Practices, Authoritative Knowledge, and the Mediation of Social Support Networks Among New Canadian Mothers Living in Hamilton, Ontario  

Microsoft Academic Search

Migration and settlement are disruptive processes. Families are often under financial strain and are separated from family members and friends back in their home countries. For new mothers, this absence of social support adds to the challenge of raising a child in a new country.\\u000aThis research employs a mixed methodological approach in an investigation of infant feeding practices, maternal

Sarah Chadwick

2010-01-01

236

Early Parent-Child Interactions Predicting Later Child Behavior Problem Trajectories: The Role of Hostility and Supportive Presence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of early parenting behaviors on externalizing pathways over time. Specifically, we examined whether supportive presence and hostility in early childhood predicted externalizing behavior pathways across elementary school years in three possible ways: predicting initial levels of problems behavior, change in behavior over time, or both. Hierarchical linear modeling was

Karen Appleyard

237

Left ventricular assist device support with a centrifugal pump for 2 months in a 5-kg child.  

PubMed

The mid-term and long-term results of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation for small children are still unsatisfactory. There have been few reports of LVAD implantation for more than a month in children weighing under 5 kg. We report the case of a 4-month-old female infant who survived for 2 months after being diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with extracorporeal centrifugal pump support. In recent years, although pumps designed for small children have been introduced and are used as a bridge to transplantation or recovery, mid-term or long-term mechanical support for small children with heart failure is still difficult. We managed to successfully provide support for a low-body-weight child with a centrifugal pump over a mid-term period. We achieved acceptable control of thrombosis, but eventually the infant died of sepsis. Autopsy revealed no prominent thrombosis in the perfusion cannula, drainage cannula, the pump, or the left ventricle. This is the first case report of LVAD support with the centrifugal pump, ROTAFLOW(®) (Maquet, Rastatt, Germany), for 2 months in a child weighing under 5 kg. Our method may potentially save severe heart failure children who need mid-term LVAD support. PMID:21597960

Inoue, Takafumi; Nishimura, Takashi; Murakami, Arata; Itatani, Keiichi; Takaoka, Tetsuhiro; Kitahori, Kazuo; Umeki, Akihide; Takezoe, Toshiko; Kashiwa, Koichi; Kyo, Shunei; Ono, Minoru

2011-05-20

238

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

239

The role of Protestant children's homes in nineteenth-century Ontario: child rescue or family support?  

PubMed

The Children's Protection Act of 1893 introduced Ontario's first full-fledged child protection scheme. However; for half a century, children's homes had been helping disadvantaged children, and they played a key role in the evolution of an empathetic child-protection system. During the course of the nineteenth century, the provincial government had increasingly accepted responsibility for disadvantaged children and had developed legislative definitions of a child in need of protection and of neglect that were incorporated into the 1893 Act. The work of the children's homes went hand in hand with these developments, as they not only helped needy children but also helped develop these concepts of neglect and provided models for the home placements promoted by J. J. Kelso and mandated by the Act. PMID:19244840

Neff, Charlotte

2009-01-01

240

Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress  

PubMed Central

Objective This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women’s lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method Participants were 100 women recruited from an inner-city gynecological treatment center for low-income women. Data were analyzed via structural equation modeling (SEM) with Lisrel 8.0. Results CMM was directly predictive of decreased social support and increased stress in adulthood. CMM was also directly predictive of PTSD symptoms, but not depression symptoms in adulthood. Social support partially mediated the relationship between CMM and adult PTSD symptoms, and stress fully mediated the relationship between CMM and adult symptoms of depression. Conclusions Findings support both direct and mediational effects of social resources on adult depression and PTSD symptoms in women with histories of CMM, suggesting that resources are key factors in psychological adjustment of CMM victims.

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

241

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

242

Do Relationship and Child Characteristics Predict Supportive Coparenting After Relationship Dissolution Among At-Risk Parents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative coparenting after relationship dissolution has been shown to be associated with increased father involvement which can buffer against the negative effects of parental relationship dissolution. Low-income, at-risk families are much more likely to experience relationship dissolutions; hence, coparenting after dissolution is particularly important in these families. We examined whether relationship and child characteristics predicted initial levels of, and change

Claire M. Kamp Dush; Letitia E. Kotila; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan

2010-01-01

243

Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

2006-01-01

244

Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

Education Next, 2007

2007-01-01

245

A Project to Support a Utilization Program for the Parent/Child Toy Lending Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was designed to stimulate the fullest and most rapid possible utilization of the Parent/Child Toy Lending Library. The Library is an eight-week course for parents of pre-school children. Parents learn how to teach concepts such as color match...

1973-01-01

246

COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

2005-01-01

247

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... visit usa.gov What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

248

Enforceable security policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A precise characterization is given for the class of security policies enforceable with mechanisms that work by monitoring system execution, and automata are introduced for specifying exactly that class of security policies. Techniques to enforce security policies specified by such automata are also discussed.

Fred B. Schneider

2000-01-01

249

Urban Street Gang Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategies to enhance prosecution of gang-related crimes are presented, with a focus on enforcement and prosecution targeting urban street gangs. The model programs introduced offer strategies largely based on the practical experiences of agencies that participated in a demonstration program, the Urban Street Gang Drug Trafficking Enforcement

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

250

Law enforcement and transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple model to analyze law enforcement problems in transition economies. Law enforcement implies coordination problems and multiplicity of equilibria due to a law abidance and a fiscal externality. We analyze two institutional mechanisms for solving the coordination problem. A first mechanism, which we call “dualism”, follows the scenario of Chinese transition where the government keeps direct control

Gérard Roland; Thierry Verdier

2003-01-01

251

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct

Elizabeth H. Snyder; C. Nicole Lawrence; Kenneth A. Dodge

2012-01-01

252

Need for and access to supportive services in the child welfare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine how geographical availability of social services is related to foster care entry rates\\u000a and referrals for child maltreatment investigations. The primary concerns are to (1) determine locations across Los Angeles\\u000a County where the availability of social services is low but display a high need for those services and (2) begin to examine

Bridget Freisthler

253

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

2004-01-01

254

Post-traumatic stress disorder: a reaction to state-supported child abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

The policy of apartheid not only fosters conditions conducive to child abuse and neglect, but is in itself abusive. Apartheid policies have led to civil unrest and high levels of violence in South Africa's black townships. Many youth are thus exposed to multiple trauma including witnessing death, being arrested, being beaten, being in exile, and being separated from family and friends. This had led many to develop Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) although this term is a misnomer in the South African context as traumatic stress is not historic but is current. Treatment programs have thus to be modified to accommodate the impossibility of guaranteeing even the physical safety of patients. They have also to be modified to accommodate the fact that most black youth are totally unfamiliar with the notion of the "talking cure." This paper describes a modified treatment program for PTSD which was developed in working with a group of 60 township refugees. Systematic follow up studies of its effectiveness were impossible as many of those treated have gone into hiding to escape the continuing violence in their communities, a violence facilitated by the ultimate guardian of the child, the State. However there are indications that the program was successful in providing immediate relief. PMID:3167624

Straker, G; Moosa, F

1988-01-01

255

Technological innovation in law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from two studies an analysis was made of producers' involvement in marketing new law enforcement equipment and of how law enforcement organizations came to adopt\\/reject these products. In general, the new product system in law enforcement was seen as involving 1) producers using technologies developed in other sectors to make “new” products for law enforcement users who 2)

David A. Tansik; Michael Radnor

1979-01-01

256

Debt Enforcement and Relational Contracting  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine how third-party debt enforcement affects the emergence and performance of relational contracts in credit markets. We implement an experiment with finitely repeated credit relationships in which borrowers can default. In our weak enforcement treatment defaulting borrowers can keep their funds invested. In our strong enforcement treatment defaulting borrowers have to liquidate their investment. Under weak enforcement fewer relationships

Martin Brown; Marta Serra-Garcia

2011-01-01

257

Why Is Law Enforcement Decentralized?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law enforcement is decentralized. It is so despite documented interjurisdictional externalities which would justify its centralization. To explain this fact, we construct a political economy model of law enforcement. Under decentralization, law enforcement in each region is in accord with the preferences of regional citizens, but interjurisdictional externalities are neglected. Under centralization, law enforcement for all regions is chosen by

Guillaume Cheikbossian; Nicolas Marceau

2007-01-01

258

Law enforcement officers' acceptance of advanced e-government technology: a survey study of COPLNK mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timely information access and effective knowledge support is crucial to law enforcement officers' crime fighting and investigations. An expanding array of e-government initiatives target the development of advanced information technologies and their deployment in law enforcement agencies. Abase in point is COPLINK, an integrated system that provides law enforcement officers with timely data access, effective information support, integrated knowledge sharing,

Paul Jen-Hwa Hu; Hsinchun Chen; Han-Fen Hu

2009-01-01

259

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

2004-01-01

260

Fostering Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and the purpose of this study was to examine teachers' implementation of Banking Time.

Katherine C. Driscoll; Lijuan Wang; Andrew J. Mashburn; Robert C. Pianta

2011-01-01

261

Battered Child Syndrome: Investigating Physical Abuse and Homicide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Battered child syndrome is a tragic and disturbing phenomenon. Unfortunately, it is a crime that is often successfully hidden by its perpetrators. Law enforcement has an important role to play in uncovering cases of battered child syndrome and gathering e...

2000-01-01

262

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

263

Support Guidelines.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

264

THE INFLUENCE OF PARENT-CHILD RELATEDNESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT ON DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN ASTHMATIC CHILDREN: TESTS OF MODERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The Brofenbrenner(1979) ecological theory was applied to examine the relationship between parent and child depressive mood,and the moderation of relational quality at two levels; 1) parent-child (within family) and 2) family-socialsupport (outside family) levels. It was hypothesized that both levels would buffer the predictive association of parent to child depressive mood. At the first level, the parent-child depressive mood,association

LAWANDA CUMMINGS

265

Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Linguistic Input Support to a Prelingually Deaf Child with Cued Speech: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper studies the linguistic input attended by a deaf child exposed to cued speech (CS) in the final part of her prelinguistic period (18-24 months). Subjects are the child, her mother, and her therapist. Analyses have provided data about the quantity of input directed to the child (oral input, more than 1,000 words per half-an-hour session;…

Torres, Santiago; Moreno-Torres, Ignacio; Santana, Rafael

2006-01-01

266

Law Enforcement Resource Allocation (LERA) System  

Microsoft Academic Search

LERA, the information visualization system presented in this paper, is an interactive, scatterplot visualization system that was designed to support crime analysts in exploring the effects of various law enforcement administration programs and policies on crime rates. Several important features were incorporated in our system to meet this goal. In particular LERA provides the user with the ability to generate

Michael Welsman-Dinelle; April Webster

267

Childhood maltreatment, childhood social support, and child abuse potential in a Basque sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study obtained data on childhood physical and sexual abuse in a Basque sample in order to compare abuse rates with a similar study conducted in the United States. The study also examined the relationships between childhood physical and sexual abuse, childhood social support, and abuse potential in the Basque sample. Although the overall rates of physically abusive behaviors

Pedro Múgica; J MILNER

1995-01-01

268

Families of Children with Prader-Willi Syndrome: Stress-Support and Relations to Child Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined stress-support in 42 families of 3- to 18-year-old children with Prader-Willi Syndrome. While children's age, intelligence quotient, and degree of obesity were not related to familial stress, families experienced greater stress when children showed more behavior problems overall, more externalizing and internalizing problems,…

Hodapp, Robert M.; And Others

1997-01-01

269

Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Inattentive Behavior in a Japanese Regular Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nondisruptive problem behaviors exist to a large extent in group-oriented Japanese regular classrooms. However, many children remain untreated. We implemented an antecedent-based functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and developed a behavioral support program for a first-grade boy who exhibited inattentive behavior in a Japanese regular…

Baba, Chiharu; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2011-01-01

270

The Correctional Orientation of "Child Savers": Support for Rehabilitation and Custody among Juvenile Correctional Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have explored levels and sources of support for rehabilitation and custody among correctional workers. However, the vast majority of this type of research has been conducted in adult facilities, and there are few existing studies that use samples of juvenile correctional workers. To help address this gap in the literature, we use a…

Blevins, Kristie R.; Cullen, Francis T.; Sundt, Jody L.

2007-01-01

271

Welfare Dynamics, Support Services, Mothers' Earnings, and Child Cognitive Development: Implications for Contemporary Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were used to examine the effects of welfare reform on children. Although effect sizes were generally small, the findings suggested the potential value of welfare-reform approaches that emphasized long-term human-capital development. Positive effects of support services on earnings were strongest…

Yoshikawa, Hirokazu

1999-01-01

272

Implementation procedures for the certification and enforcement of DOE energy-efficiency standards  

SciTech Connect

The Preamble of the Certification/Enforcement of the DOE Energy Efficiency Standards is presented. Definitions of certification and enforcement are first presented. Additional parts are: Major Certification/Enforcement Approaches Considered; Proposed Certification/Enforcement Approach; Sample Plan for Certification and Enforcement Testing; Estimated Manufacturer Test Costs Under the Proposed Approach; and Additional Certification/Enforcement Issues (relationship between DOE Enforcement of Standards and Industry Trade Association Programs; test variability among different test facilities; small-manufacturer concerns). Complete procedures of the Certification/Enforcement Program are given. Important information given in the appendices are: sampling-plan requirements for certification and enforcement testing; required information and format for the certification report, conditional certification report, and post-certification report; required information and format for the pre-certification report; minimum information to be retained by the manufacturer on energy-efficiency test facilities and instrumentation; and list of minimum supporting certification test data to be retained by the manufacturer.

Not Available

1980-06-09

273

Changes in enforcement styles among environmental enforcement officials in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines changes in enforcement styles among environmental enforcement officials in the context of China’s rapidly changing institutional environments, using panel data collected in Guangzhou in 2000 and 2006. Altogether, five enforcement style elements were examined—accommodation, prioritization, educational, formalism, and coercion. It was found that in 2006 respondents reported greater reliance on education, formalism, and coercion than in 2000.

Carlos Wing-Hung Lo; Gerald E Fryxell; Benjamin Van Rooij

2009-01-01

274

The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

2011-01-01

275

Drug Enforcement Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This fact sheet contains information relating to drug abuse and abusers; drug traffic legislation; law enforcement; and descriptions of commonly used narcotics, stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens. Also included is a short but explicit listing of audiovisual aids, an annotated bibliography, and drug identification pictures. The booklet…

Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

276

AI and law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law inforcement has long been interested in intelligence. Although not necessarily artificial intelligence. In recent years, however, AI has been called to service. AI's exceptional capacity to gather and analyze seas of information has made its techniques ideal for solving a variety of crime-related problems. The author discusses some applications of AI in US law enforcement

J. Charles

1998-01-01

277

Enforcing pollution control laws  

SciTech Connect

The heightened environmental consciousness of the 1970s prompted passage of a multitude of ambitious and unprecedented laws designed to clean up the environment and protect it for future generations. But beyond the mere passing of laws lay the difficult tasks of implementing, monitoring, and enforcing them. The authors of this book describe the current state of air and water pollution monitoring and enforcement activity a decade later, within the context of relevant legal, technological, and statistical developments. They mediate between the concerns of the theoretical literature-where it is generally assumed that violations are discovered and punished-and the real world-where violations are rarely discovered and almost never punished. Monitoring and enforcement procedures to date have been aimed at achieving initial rather than continuing compliance with regulations. The authors contend that it is time for a new approach focusing on the enduring problems of compliance. Economic models are used to show the extent of the difficulties involved in monitoring and enforcing pollution control laws on a continuous basis.

Russell, C.S.; Harrington, W.; Vaughan, W.J.

1986-01-01

278

Enforcing Administrative Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In seeking to maintain high standards of ethical behav ior by public administrators, agencies rely on a wide variety of enforcement mechanisms. These fall into three main categories: (1) codes of ethics, including laws, professional rules, and whistle blower statutes; (2) what might be called ethics police, with specific responsibilities to oversee ethical standards; and (3) cultural strate gies, efforts

Mark W. Huddleston; Joseph C. Sands

1995-01-01

279

LAW ENFORCEMENT VIOLENCE & DISASTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, images of thousands of New Orleans residents — the majority of whom were low income women of color and their children, elders, and others, unable, due to poverty, to leave the city before Hurricane Katrina struck, abandoned by our government — were quickly followed by images of law enforcement violence and abuse of individuals struggling to survive under

 POLICE BRUTALITY

280

Remote, wireless stakeout surveillance for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inflation combined with the added burden of homeland security requirements, is increasing pressure on local law enforcement budgets and manpower resources. The problem is: how can law enforcement agencies fulfill all of their requirements? How can they respond to these requirements, including homeland security, with limited manpower? Civil Rights considerations also place constraints on law enforcement. One possible solution is the Remote Law Enforcement Surveillance System (RLESS) concept. RLESS makes more efficient use of existing manpower while avoiding infringement on civil liberties. RLESS provides the capability for unattended stakeout and surveillance. Many stakeout or surveillance operations are conducted by vice, homicide, organized crime or other task forces. Lasting from days to weeks. Many large drug stings last months involving many persons of interest. A single surveillance mission usually involves a minimum of two persons X 3 shifts per day conducting active observation, equating to 48 man-hours per day. Their tasks include watching, listening, and documenting with photography. Recent military developments have included new technologies and techniques that enable remote unattended observation of areas or points of interest. This capability is now available to support law enforcement stakeouts, thereby significantly minimizes the stresses on manpower.

Ford, Mike; Klein, Allen; Smith, Stan; Jones, John Paul

2005-05-01

281

The structure and content of online child exploitation networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the Internet has provided people with the ability to find and communicate with others of common interests. Unfortunately, those involved in the practices of child exploitation have also received the same benefits. Although law enforcement continues its efforts to shut down websites dedicated to child exploitation, the problem remains uncurbed. Despite this, law enforcement has yet to

Richard Frank; Bryce Westlake; Martin Bouchard

2010-01-01

282

A Person-Centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent-child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12-15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach,…

Weaver, Scott R.; Kim, Su Yeong

2008-01-01

283

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

284

Service support to families caring for a child with a sickle cell disorder or thalassaemia: the experience of health professionals, service managers and health commissioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, health care policy has largely ignored sickle cell disorders (SCDs) and thalassaemia. This is despite the difficulties faced by service users and their families: the consequences of which range from denial of informed choice to avoidable suffering and stress. This article, by presenting material from a qualitative evaluation of service support to families caring for a child with

Karl Atkin; Waqar Ahmad; Elizabeth Anionwu

1998-01-01

285

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

286

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the efficacy, social validity, and durability of a positive behavior support (PBS) approach with the family of a girl with autism and severe problem behavior. The study was conducted across a 10-year period beginning when the child was 5 years old. A multiple baseline across family routines design evaluated the functional…

Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Albin, Richard W.; Horner, Robert H.; Mann, Jane C.; Mann, James A.; Wadsworth, Gina

2007-01-01

287

What Works for One: Practice Considerations for Supporting a Child or Young Person with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Drawn from Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an analysis of the reports submitted to the Ministry of Education by teams and mentors who took part in the autism spectrum disorder participatory action research (ASD PAR) project. The key findings highlight the importance of: individualised support based on a sound knowledge of the child or young person; strategies targeted at…

Kelly, Anna

2008-01-01

288

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

289

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

290

Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

2006-01-01

291

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

292

Implementing Child Care in the Family Support Act. Family Impact Seminar (Washington, D.C., May 18, 1990). Meeting Highlights and Background Briefing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of family impact seminars, the meeting described in this document was held to discuss the child care provisions of the Family Support Act (FSA). This document provides highlights of the seminar and a background briefing report prepared before the meeting. The highlights section summarizes presentations by the seminar's four…

Ooms, Theodora; Herendeen, Lisa

293

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

294

Does Copyright Enforcement Encourage Piracy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More intensive copyright enforcement reduces piracy, raises prices, and lowers consumer surplus. We show that these results do not hold regarding the extent rather than intensity of enforcement. When enforcement is targeted at high-value buyers such as corporate and government users, the copyright holder has an incentive to charge super-monopoly prices, thereby encouraging piracy among low-value buyers. Extending enforcement down

Rick Harbaugh; Rahul Khemka

2000-01-01

295

Combating transnational crime: management education at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a detailed description of the overall concept, curriculum, and logistical support of the International Law Enforcement Academy at Roswell, New Mexico operated on behalf of the US Department of State's Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. The Department of State is responsible for the operation of a network of law enforcement academies which are designed

R. A. Kromer; F. R. Taylor

2004-01-01

296

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

2008-01-01

297

Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

Antonio, Chad

2009-01-01

298

Audit of the Drug Enforcement Administration's Aviation Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) aviation program plays a crucial role in the DEA's efforts to prevent the illicit trafficking of drugs into and within the United States. According to the DEA, aviation support significantly benefits DEA investi...

2011-01-01

299

Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, utilizing the responses of a nationally representative sample of State prisoners, together with homicide data assembled by law enforcement agencies, sheds new light on the most serious types of child abuse and victimization--those offenses fo...

L. A. Greenfeld

1996-01-01

300

Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of linguistic input support to a prelingually deaf child with cued speech: A case study.  

PubMed

This paper studies the linguistic input attended by a deaf child exposed to cued speech (CS) in the final part of her prelinguistic period (18-24 months). Subjects are the child, her mother, and her therapist. Analyses have provided data about the quantity of input directed to the child (oral input, more than 1,000 words per half-an-hour session; cued ratio, more than 60% of oral input; and attended ratio, more than 55% of oral input), its linguistic quality (lexical variety, grammatical complexity, etc.), and other properties of interaction (child attention and use of spontaneous gestures). Results show that both adults provided a rich linguistic input to the child and that the child attended most of the input that the adults cued. These results might explain the positive linguistic development of children exposed early to CS. PMID:16840541

Torres, Santiago; Moreno-Torres, Ignacio; Santana, Rafael

2006-07-13

301

[Organ transplantation and child abuse].  

PubMed

The revised 'Act Concerning Organ Transplantation' was enforced from July 17, 2010, while the organ donation from a child under the age of fifteen became possible with the guardian's agreement. It is needed that construction of the auditing system to exclude organ procurement from the brain-dead child due to abuse and it is also important to defend child's right of making self-decision and expressing their will. However, the preparation period to establish the infrastructure until enforcing is not sufficient for about one year after revision by the Diet member legislation. This paper discusses various issues on current situations and problems to be solved which are associated with organ transplantation and child abuse in Japan, including flowchart and checklist for child abuse. PMID:21174702

Tanizawa, Takakuni

2010-12-01

302

Consistency Enforcement in Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consistency enforcement aims at systematically modifying a database program such that the result is consistent with respect\\u000a to a specified set of integrity constraints. This modification may be done at compile-time or at run-time. The commonly known\\u000a run-time approach uses rule triggering systems (RTSs). It has been shown that these systems cannot solve the problem in general.\\u000a \\u000a As an alternative

Sebastian Link

2001-01-01

303

Enforcement handbook: Enforcement of DOE nuclear safety requirements  

SciTech Connect

This Handbook provides detailed guidance and procedures to implement the General Statement of DOE Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy). A copy of this Enforcement Policy is included for ready reference in Appendix D. The guidance provided in this Handbook is qualified, however, by the admonishment to exercise discretion in determining the proper disposition of each potential enforcement action. As discussed in subsequent chapters, the Enforcement and Investigation Staff will apply a number of factors in assessing each potential enforcement situation. Enforcement sanctions are imposed in accordance with the Enforcement Policy for the purpose of promoting public and worker health and safety in the performance of activities at DOE facilities by DOE contractors (and their subcontractors and suppliers) who are indemnified under the Price-Anderson Amendments Act. These indemnified contractors, and their suppliers and subcontractors, will be referred to in this Handbook collectively as DOE contractors. It should be remembered that the purpose of the Department`s enforcement policy is to improve nuclear safety for the workers and the public, and this goal should be the prime consideration in exercising enforcement discretion.

NONE

1995-06-01

304

A support for enhancing verbal behavior in a child with autism: The effects of choice-making of activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the opportunity to choose activities increased verbal requests and the duration of engaging in activities in a child with autism who had some speech but no mand. After baseline sessions, the child was taught to choose one of several photographs that depicted various activities, and was required to make a

ISHIHARA Sachiko; AOKI Chihoko; MOCHIZUKI Akira

305

Protecting Children From Online Predators: The Use of Covert Investigation Techniques by Law Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the range of cybercrimes expands, law enforcement agencies develop new strategies for their investigation. One method being adopted by police in some countries is to exploit the same anonymity that criminals use to operate online and engage with actual or potential suspects using assumed identities. For example, police investigating online child grooming may assume the identity of a child

Gregor Urbas

2010-01-01

306

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment.

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

307

Economics of enforcing pollution taxation  

SciTech Connect

The efficient structure of pollution tax policy is examined when it is recognized that enforcing compliance will be costly. There are two components of this cost: (1) the direct cost of enforcement and (2) the cost polluters incur avoiding enforcement. Considering only the first cost, the efficient pollution policy calls for a tax in excess of that conventionally recommended as efficient, T/sup */, but with little enforcement. Once avoidance cost is recognized the efficient policy can be substantially altered; requiring a tax lower than T/sup */, but with greater enforcement. Even when direct enforcement cost is zero, it is shown that there is no unique advantage to T/sup */ in the absence of avoidance cost.

Lee, D.R.

1984-06-01

308

Economics of enforcing pollution taxation  

SciTech Connect

The efficient structure of pollution tax policy is examined when it is recognized that enforcing compliance will be costly. There are two components of this cost: 1) the direct cost of enforcement and 2) the cost polluters incur avoiding enforcement. Considering only the first cost, the efficient pollution policy calls for a tax in excess of that conventionally recommended as efficient, T*, but with little enforcement. Once avoidance cost is recognized the efficient policy can be substantially altered; requiring a tax lower than T*, but with greater enforcement. Even when direct enforcement cost is zero, it is shown that there is no unique advantage to T* in the absence of avoidance cost. 12 references, 4 figures.

Lee, D.R.

1984-06-01

309

Going-to-scale with the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program: use of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) system to optimize fidelity, participation and child outcomes.  

PubMed

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L; August, Gerald J; Lee, Susanne S; Lee, Chih-Yuan S; Realmuto, George M; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2012-12-05

310

Enforcement in marine protected areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Enforcement is an essential component in the management of marine protected areas (MPAs) but the level of enforcement required\\u000a can vary significantly from site to site and from programme to programme. Enforcement policies, authorities and philosophies\\u000a differ between agencies and programmes within nations (e.g. the National Park Service and National Marine Sanctuaries programme\\u000a in the United States) and, to an

Billy D. Causey

311

Facilitation for law enforcement technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In todays world of rapid technology development, emerging technologies present to law enforcement agencies, one of a very limited number of legal responses to criminal initiatives. Yet in spite of the existence of very sophisticated enforcement technologies, many law enforcement organizations seem to lag behind in several important areas of technology response and adaptation. This paper will propose the idea that what is needed is a closer partnership between private industry`technology adaptors' and government officials who are the problem `identifiers'. This marriage of necessity would produce immediate operational results focussed on todays enforcement problems and tomorrows emerging solutions. The paper will also present the concept of the establishment of an independent body tasked with the creation of an enforcement technology `adaptor' registry for authorized and innovative, enforcement technology applications specialists. This registry would be created to assist enforcement agencies with the location and/or creation of new law enforcement technologies/products. These persons would locate and/or create quick response technology innovations developed to provide operational `fixes' and technologies designed to address emerging enforcement problems. The presentation will conclude by providing examples of up to 12 different existing technologies devices currently available (but not generally known by government agencies).

Brown, David A.

1997-02-01

312

Support for the Existence of an Independent Man-to-Child Affiliative Bond: Fatherhood as a Biocultural Invention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the topic of fatherhood has received increased attention of late, the conceptualization of the father role tends to be diffuse or inchoate. Some theorists and models explicitly assume a tabula rasa position; others implicitly assume such a position. This article argues that there is an independent man-to-child affiliative bond. Over 55,000 adult-child dyads from 23 cultures and subcultures were

Wade C. Mackey

2001-01-01

313

Experience of parenthood, couple relationship, social support, and child-rearing goals in planned lesbian mother families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on factors that are assumed to influence the parent-child

Henny M. W. Bos; Frank van Balen; Dymphna C. van den Boom

2004-01-01

314

76 FR 6765 - Consumer Product Safety Act: Notice of Commission Action on the Stay of Enforcement of Testing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...lead content in children's products (except...metal components of children's metal jewelry...there remains in effect a stay of enforcement...certification for children's products subject...of children's toys and child...

2011-02-08

315

75 FR 404 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement-009...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...activities, such as terrorism, organized crime, gangs, child exploitation...Department of Justice's (DOJ) Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force...Program and the International Organized Crime Intelligence and...

2010-01-05

316

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics. A NIBRS Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, law enforcement and policymakers had few hard data on the child victims of sexual abuse, offenders, and other characteristics of these crimes on which to base a response. The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), capturing a wide range of information on each sexual assault incident reported to law enforcement, can…

Snyder, Howard N.

317

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership.  

PubMed

Pregnancy and the early years of the child's life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child's health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment. PMID:20885797

Olds, David L

2008-12-01

318

Financial Private Regulation and Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the topic of private regulation and enforcement for internationally active financial services firms. The paper documents the following types of regulation and enforcement that involve significant private input: house rules, contracts, internal compliance, management-based regulation, private standard-setting bodies, cartels, and private litigation. The paper assesses these systems or modalities along the dimensions of effectiveness, legitimacy, quality, and

Geoffrey Miller

2011-01-01

319

Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present VALET, a Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit for analyzing spatiotemporal law enforcement data. VALET provides users with a suite of analytical tools coupled with an interactive visual interface for data exploration and analysis. This system includes linked views and interactive displays that spatiotemporally model criminal, traffic and civil (CTC) incidents and allows officials to observe patterns and quickly

Abish Malik; Ross Maciejewski; Timothy F. Collins; David S. Ebert

2010-01-01

320

HIPAA Security Enforcement Is Here  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enforcement has been slow in coming for the administrative simplification rules under the US's Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). For more than five years, the Office of Civil Rights in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has been responding to criticism that it has not been enforcing HIPAA's privacy rule as evidenced by its lack of

Kirk J. Nahra

2008-01-01

321

Trade Expansion and Contract Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consider a world of traders separated in geographic, economic, or social space. Honest trade offers larger gains for more distant traders, but frequencies of meetings, and information flows about cheating, have local bias. Honesty is self-enforcing only between pairs of sufficiently close neighbors. Global honesty prevails only in a sufficiently small world. The extent of self-enforcing honesty is likely to

Avinash Dixit

2003-01-01

322

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent– child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though qualified, for the notion that generational dissonance is linked to depressive symptoms through decreased supportive parenting. In general, having a parent with a bicultural profile seemed to be most advantageous if adolescents similarly had a bicultural profile, whereas more American oriented adolescents with more Chinese oriented parents reported the least supportive parenting and most depressive symptoms. Directions for future research and the benefits of using a person-centered approach in research of acculturation and generational dissonance are discussed.

Kim, Su Yeong

2009-01-01

323

20 CFR 438.410 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Enforcement. 438.410 Section 438.410 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Penalties and Enforcement § 438.410 Enforcement. The Commissioner of Social...

2013-04-01

324

36 CFR 1210.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Enforcement. 1210.62 Section 1210.62 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 1210.62 Enforcement. (a) Remedies for...

2011-07-01

325

36 CFR 1210.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Enforcement. 1210.62 Section 1210.62 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 1210.62 Enforcement. (a) Remedies for...

2012-07-01

326

45 CFR 150.201 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.201 State enforcement. Except as provided in subpart C of this part, each State enforces HIPAA requirements with respect to health insurance issuers that...

2012-10-01

327

45 CFR 150.201 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.201 State enforcement. Except as provided in subpart C of this part, each State enforces HIPAA requirements with respect to health insurance issuers that...

2011-10-01

328

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau...online publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

329

40 CFR 63.75 - Enforceable commitments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Enforceable commitments. 63.75 Section 63.75 Protection...Air Pollutants § 63.75 Enforceable commitments. (a) To make an enforceable commitment an owner or operator shall submit a...

2013-07-01

330

Cyberspace Pornography: Problems with Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the availability of pornography, particularly child pornography, on the Internet and child access to it. Defines pornographic material and child pornography, discusses its commercial and noncommercial uses and the responsibility for child access, and presents solutions: content tagging; CyberAngels, a volunteer group created by the…

Thomas, Daphyne Saunders

1997-01-01

331

Cyberspace Pornography: Problems with Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the availability of pornography, particularly child pornography, on the Internet and child access to it. Defines pornographic material and child pornography, discusses its commercial and noncommercial uses and the responsibility for child access, and presents solutions: content tagging; CyberAngels, a volunteer group created by the…

Thomas, Daphyne Saunders

1997-01-01

332

Videntifier™ forensic: a new law enforcement service for automatic identification of illegal video material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tracking down producers and distributors of offensive video material, in particular child pornography, has become an ever growing focus of the world's law enforcement agencies. We describe Videntifier Forensic, a new service which radically improves the forensic video identification process, by providing law enforcement agencies with a robust, fast and easy-to-use video identification system. Using this service, a single mouse-click

Herwig Lejsek; Ársæll Þ Jóhannsson; Friðrik H. Ásmundsson; Björn Þ Jónsson; Kristleifur Daðason; Laurent Amsaleg

2009-01-01

333

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

334

Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

2008-01-01

335

Kinship Caregivers and the Child Welfare System  

MedlinePLUS

... Centered Casework Practice Family Group Decision-Making Engaging Communities to Support Families Creating a Family-Centered Agency Culture Child Abuse & Neglect Child Abuse & Neglect Home Overview ...

336

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

337

EPA enforcement at a crossroads  

SciTech Connect

Environmental enforcement policy in the US is at a crossroads today, faced with a choice of two competing approaches for achieving the country's environmental goals. On the one hand is the federal government's current push to beef up enforcement of environmental laws by increasing the severity of criminal sanctions and general enforcement activities. On the other hand is the growing trend in many environmental regulations to incentivize voluntary compliance by encouraging pollution prevention and self-auditing. Although these two approaches are not inherently incompatible, there is growing concern that the government's current emphasis on criminal enforcement may severely undermine the goal of voluntary compliance by creating an overly adversarial relationship between government and industry and by placing corporate managers at risk of incurring personal liability when they attempt to ferret out environmental compliance problems.

Humphreys, S.L. (Kelley Drye and Warren, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-10-15

338

Self-enforcing Wage Contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine long-term wage contracts between a risk-neutral firm and a risk-averse worker when both can costlessly renege and bu y or sell labor at a random spot market wage. A self-enforcing contract is one in which neither party ever has an incentive to renege. In th e optimum self-enforcing contract, wages are sticky: they are less variable than

Jonathan Thomas; Tim Worrall

1988-01-01

339

Relational versus Legal Contract Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract E¤ective contract enforcement,institutions comprise,of both personal relationships and im- personal legal contracts. The increasing importance,of the formal contracts is widely re- garded,as a crucial condition,for economic,development.,But how,the transition works is not clear. For example, is personalistic culture incompatible with the development of impersonal contract enforcement system, or does it just slow it down? Is elite ruling suf- focating the

Fali Huang

340

45 CFR 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.203 Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement. CMS enforces HIPAA requirements to the extent warranted...enforce or that it is not otherwise enforcing HIPAA requirements. (b) Determination...

2009-10-01

341

45 CFR 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.203 Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement. CMS enforces HIPAA requirements to the extent warranted...enforce or that it is not otherwise enforcing HIPAA requirements. (b) Determination...

2011-10-01

342

45 CFR 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.203 Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement. CMS enforces HIPAA requirements to the extent warranted...enforce or that it is not otherwise enforcing HIPAA requirements. (b) Determination...

2010-10-01

343

45 CFR 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.203 Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement. CMS enforces HIPAA requirements to the extent warranted...enforce or that it is not otherwise enforcing HIPAA requirements. (b) Determination...

2012-10-01

344

Technical Review of Law Enforcement Standards and Guides Relative to Incident Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to locate potential law enforcement-related standards that support incident management, a team from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) contacted representatives from the National Institute of Standards-Office of Law Enforcement Standards (NIST-OLES), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Secret Service, ASTM International committees that have a law enforcement focus, and a variety of

Robert D. Stenner; R. Salter; J. R. Stanton; D. Fisher

2009-01-01

345

Report: Child Neglect a Continuing Problem in U.S.  

MedlinePLUS

... 3 billion is direct costs, such as hospitalization, childhood mental health care, the child welfare system and law enforcement. There's also $46.9 billion in indirect costs, including special education, early intervention and homelessness, according to the report -- an ...

346

Supervising Child Protective Services Caseworkers. The User Manual Series.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act was signed into law in 1974. Since that time, the Federal Government has served as a catalyst to mobilize society's social service, mental health, medical, education, legal, and law enforcement resources to add...

T. D. Morton M. K. Salus

1994-01-01

347

Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To grow into healthy, productive citizens, children need a safe and nurturing environment. Ideally, the family fills this basic need. When families break down, however, and children are abused or neglected, law enforcement and child protective services pr...

J. McNaughton

1997-01-01

348

SURVEY OF STATE LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL ON WORK ZONE ENFORCEMENT PRACTICES  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important first step in maximizing the effectiveness of work zone law enforcement is to determine how officers operate. Although transportation professionals may understand the benefits of different enforcement strategies, does this translate to improved enforcement methods in the field? A survey was developed and administered to determine the problems encountered by various state law enforcement agencies when enforcing work

Steven Schrock; Gerald Ullman; Nada Trout

2002-01-01

349

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

2013-04-01

350

5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR part 1653...alimony or child support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a freeze has...

2013-01-01

351

45 CFR 309.110 - What procedures governing income withholding must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...overdue support or in the identity of the alleged...

2012-10-01

352

45 CFR 309.110 - What procedures governing income withholding must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...overdue support or in the identity of the alleged...

2011-10-01

353

Child Care-Who Needs It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Child care" is a phrase which has become inextricably linked with the political, economic, and social policies of Australian society. Antagonists and protagonists of child care have put forth arguments against and for child care, respectively, over the past two decades. Supporters of child care have variously viewed child care as a needs-based…

Clyde, Margaret

354

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2011-04-01

355

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2013-04-01

356

Forest commons and local enforcement  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements.

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-01-01

357

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

2011-04-01

358

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

2013-04-01

359

Race, politics, and drug law enforcement: an analysis of civil asset forfeiture patterns across US counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on civil asset forfeiture has been largely anecdotal and has taken a politicised approach. Most accounts use specific cases to support their claims that widespread use of forfeiture is generated by dubious or ‘hidden’ law enforcement motives. Yet there are plausible theoretical reasons to believe that structural contexts condition the choice of mechanisms favoured by the law enforcement

Ronald Helms; S. E. Costanza

2009-01-01

360

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

361

Early Childhood Educators' Use of Language-Support Practices with 4-Year-Old Children in Child Care Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22…

Bouchard, Caroline; Bigras, Nathalie; Cantin, Gilles; Coutu, Sylvain; Blain-Briere, Benedicte; Eryasa, Joell; Charron, Annie; Brunson, Liesette

2010-01-01

362

Brief Report: Effects of an Administrative Supervisory Protocol on Preparation of Behavior Support Plans at a Child Service Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated a supervisory protocol that targeted preparation of behavior support plans by administrative staff at a school for children with developmental disabilities. Using a multiple baseline design, the protocol was applied sequentially to three components of behavior support plan preparation. Intervention procedures included goal…

Garrity, Meredith L.; Luiselli, James K.

2005-01-01

363

Justice Breyer, Professor Kahn, and Antitrust Enforcement in Regulated Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his scholarly writings before joining the Supreme Court, Justice Breyer was skeptical of regulation and supportive of antitrust as a preferable alternative. In this regard Breyer was in express agreement with Professor Alfred Kahn, who championed airline and telecommunications deregulation while advocating antitrust enforcement to promote competition in those industries. It might therefore appear unexpected that Justice Breyer would

Howard A. Shelanski

2012-01-01

364

Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While

Hofstetter

2000-01-01

365

Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While

K. J. Hofstetter; D. M. Beals; J. E. Halverson; E. Villa-Aleman; D. W. Hayes

2001-01-01

366

Linking and Organising Information in Law Enforcement Investigations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law enforcement officers deal with various challenges regarding the management of information during an investigation. New information comes in frequently, some of it is uncertain, incorrect, or incomplete. Officers should be supported in developing interpretations of the provided information. Furthermore, it is beneficial (and demanded by some investigation methodologies) to record the progression of the analysis. In order to fulfill

Claus Atzenbeck; Fatih Ozgul; David L. Hicks

2009-01-01

367

Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

368

Chemical hazards in law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clandestine drug laboratory is a nationwide phenomenon that involves significant health hazards to law enforcement officers. Most of these laboratories manufacture methamphetamine, which is an easy drug to produce, even with limited knowledge of chemistry. Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant that can be made with simple, over-the-counter ingredients. Other drugs manufactured in clandestine laboratories include sodium gamma hydroxybutyrate, lysergic

Clin Occup Environ Med

369

Gambling Enforcement and Police Corruption.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research paper was prepared for the National Gambling Commission. The author, drawing from the reports of the Pennsylvania Crime Commission and the Knapp Commission in New York City, among others, discusses the role of the police in the enforcement of...

J. Rubinstein

1974-01-01

370

Enforcement of strip mining laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal strip mining has affected Appalachian life, peace of mind, livelihood, and environment, but not to the extent that citizens are helpless; they can act. This report is meant to inspire citizens to employ proper methods to ensure the enforcement of state strip-mining laws. The study looks at Appalachia's three leading coal producing states--Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The methods

A. J. Fritsch; M. L. Morgan; G. G. Yanik; T. J. Conry; D. E. Taylor

1975-01-01

371

Law Enforcement and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training program examines the relationship between law enforcement personnel and persons with disabilities. The curriculum is organized into four sections dealing with specific concerns of people with hearing impairments, visual impairments, mental retardation, and mobility impairments. Background information is presented for each disability…

Poelvoorde, Rose; And Others

372

Strategies for Aggressive Driver Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new traffic safety phenomenon, commonly known as aggressive driving, has emerged as an 'issue of the 90's' and is a major concern for the motoring public and law enforcement. For purposes of this document, the following definition of aggressive driving ...

1998-01-01

373

Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1995, to determine the nature of law enforcement services provided on campus, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) surveyed 4-year institutions of higher education in the United States with 2,500 or more students. Of the 682 campuses meeting the requ...

B. A. Reaves A. L. Goldberg

1996-01-01

374

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION REGISTRATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), as part of its efforts to control the abuse and misuse of controlled substances and chemicals used in producing some over-the-counter drugs, maintains databases of individuals registered to handle these substances. These databases are av...

375

Deriving Enforcement Mechanisms from Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies provide a flexible and scalable approach to the management of distributed systems by separating the specification of security requirements and their enforcement. Over the years the expressiveness of policy languages increased considerably making it possible to capture a variety of complex requirements that for example depend on the history of the system execution. The most important criteria for the

Helge Janicke; Antonio Cau; François Siewe; Hussein Zedan

2007-01-01

376

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2013-07-01

377

10 CFR 830.5 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Section 830.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT § 830.5 Enforcement. The requirements in this part are DOE Nuclear Safety Requirements and are subject to enforcement by all...

2013-01-01

378

45 CFR 1158.410 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Penalties and Enforcement § 1158.410 Enforcement....

2011-10-01

379

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2013-01-01

380

Drug Enforcement Administration's Handling of Cash Seizures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) enforces the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and investigates organizations and individuals involved in the growing, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances. To ensure...

2007-01-01

381

45 CFR 1168.410 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Penalties and Enforcement § 1168.410 Enforcement....

2011-10-01

382

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

383

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

384

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

385

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

386

45 CFR 310.145 - What costs are allowable charges to Tribal CSE programs carried out under § 310.65(a) of this part?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...available support enforcement services; ...child support enforcement services in...local information resources; (iii) Cooperation...with courts and law enforcement officials...Development of cost allocation systems;...

2009-10-01

387

45 CFR 309.145 - What costs are allowable for Tribal IV-D programs carried out under § 309.65(a) of this part?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...available support enforcement services; ...child support enforcement services in...local information resources; (iii) Cooperation...with courts and law enforcement officials...Development of cost allocation systems....

2009-10-01

388

45 CFR 309.145 - What costs are allowable for Tribal IV-D programs carried out under § 309.65(a) of this part?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...available support enforcement services; ...child support enforcement services in...local information resources; (iii) Cooperation...with courts and law enforcement officials...Development of cost allocation systems....

2010-10-01

389

Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive versus Controlling Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in…

Grolnick, Wendy S.; Price, Carrie E.; Beiswenger, Krista L.; Sauck, Christine C.

2007-01-01

390

Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

391

Parental Distress, Family Conflict, and Role of Social Support for Caregivers with or without a Child with Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated perceived psychological distress and family conflict from the perspective of caregivers of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and matched comparison caregivers, as well as the role of social support. No significant differences between primary caregivers of children with SCD and comparison caregivers were found on self-reported psychological distress or family conflict. Distress in primary caregivers was

Robert B. Noll; Kathryn Vannatta; Karen A. Kalinyak; Eleanor Swiecki; Maria Garstein; W. Hobart Davies; William M. Bukowski

1994-01-01

392

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

2011-01-01

393

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

394

Remote, wireless stakeout surveillance for law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflation combined with the added burden of homeland security requirements, is increasing pressure on local law enforcement budgets and manpower resources. The problem is: how can law enforcement agencies fulfill all of their requirements? How can they respond to these requirements, including homeland security, with limited manpower? Civil Rights considerations also place constraints on law enforcement. One possible solution is

Mike Ford; Allen Klein; Stan Smith; John Paul Jones

2005-01-01

395

Homophobia and university law enforcement students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little research on homophobia among university-level law enforcement students, nor strategies for teaching gay issues. This paper analyzes gay issues as provided in textbooks for law enforcement students, and homophobia among law enforcement students. A content analysis of textbooks reveals little treatment of gay issues or working with the gay community and the lack of attention is disparate

J. Michael Olivero; Rodrigo Murataya

2001-01-01

396

Private enforcement of the Clean Water Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The level of citizen enforcement activity has increased most dramatically under the Clean Water Act (CWA), for violations arising under the Act's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program. Congress has fashioned a distinct role for private enforcement under the CWA, and national environmental groups, among others, have seized the opportunity. Experience to date suggests that private enforcement can be

2009-01-01

397

ENVIRONMENTAL CITIZEN SUITS AND GOVERNMENT ENFORCEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Citizen suits play a signifi cant role in the enforcement of federal law in the United States. This article introduces citizen suits as a supplement to government enforcement and identifi es the relationship that these suits have to government enforcement.

R. JUSTIN

398

Patterns of reported parent-child abuse and police response  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the level and patterns of parent-child abuse incidents that come to the attention of the police. It also addresses the response of law enforcement to such incidents in an attempt to discover the determinants of official intervention. The findings indicate that both family status and gender influence the patterns of parent-child abuse reported to the police.

Edna Erez; Pamela Tontodonato I

1989-01-01

399

Does Quality of Child Care Affect Child Outcomes at Age 4 1\\/2?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals associations between child-care quality and child outcomes. But are these associations causal? Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care, a longitudinal study of children from birth to age 41\\/2, were used to explore 5 propositions that would support a causal argument. Three propositions received support, principally in the

2003-01-01

400

Solid organ donation in a child after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, orthotopic heart transplantation, and ventricular assist device support.  

PubMed

Use of high-risk or marginal donors is the most viable short-term means to boost the organ supply and bridge the widening gap between the number of patients on the waiting list for organ transplantation and the insufficient numbers of organ donors. Expansion of the donor pool requires an understanding of the impact on survival likely to result from extending one or more high risk factors. Use of extended donor pool results in shorter waiting list times and limits the morbidity and mortality associated with long-term mechanical support needed to support diseased organs. In this report, we present one such example of expanding donor pool in which a pediatric patient donated a solid organ after two heart transplants and successful use of ECMO and VAD. PMID:22594304

Gupta, Punkaj; Blanco, Carlos; Madigan, Melissa; Dodgen, Andrew; Hanson, Mari; Frazier, Elizabeth A; Bhutta, Adnan T; Fiser, William P

2012-05-17

401

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

402

A predictive model of Health Related Quality of life of parents of chronically ill children: the importance of care-dependency of their child and their support system  

PubMed Central

Background Parents of chronically ill children are at risk for a lower Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Insight in the dynamics of factors influencing parental HRQoL is necessary for development of interventions. Aim of the present study was to explore the influence of demographic and disease related factors on parental HRQoL, mediated by employment, income, leisure time, holiday and emotional support in a comprehensive model. Methods In a cross-sectional design, 543 parents of chronically ill children completed questionnaires. A conceptual model of parental HRQoL was developed. Structural equation modeling was performed to explore the relations in the conceptual model, and to test if the model fitted the data. Results The model fitted the data closely (CHISQ(14) = 11.37, p = 0.66; RMSEA = 0.0, 90%CI [0.00;0.034]. The effect of socio-demographic and medical data on HRQoL was mediated by days on holiday (MCS: ? = .21) and emotional support (PCS: ? = .14; MCS: ? = .28). Also, female gender (? = -.10), age (? = .10), being chronically ill as a parent (? = -.34), and care dependency of the child (? = -.14; ? = -.15) were directly related to parental HRQoL. Conclusion The final model was slightly different from the conceptual model. Main factors explaining parental HRQoL seemed to be emotional support, care dependency, days on holiday and being chronically ill as a parent. Holiday and emotional support mediated the effect of demographic and disease-related factors on HRQoL. Hours of employment, leisure time and household income did not mediate between background characteristics and HRQoL, contrasting the hypotheses.

Hatzmann, Janneke; Maurice-Stam, Heleen; Heymans, Hugo SA; Grootenhuis, Martha A

2009-01-01

403

Combating child homicide: preventive policing for the new millennium.  

PubMed

High-profile media coverage of crimes against children has heightened public awareness of critical child safety needs and issues. However, numerous research studies in the area of child homicide have illustrated the importance of the power of science to correct false perceptions and misinformation, improving how to best serve and protect our children. Age-based analyses of childhood crime patterns have vastly improved how law enforcement and social service practitioners identify, investigate, and resolve child victimization cases. Future protective efforts must involve multiagency and multidisciplinary collaboration. Law enforcement, social service clinicians, educators, and academicians should jointly develop and implement pragmatic and effective prevention, detection, and resolution programs and policies. PMID:15722491

Boudreaux, Monique C; Lord, Wayne D

2005-04-01

404

Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program.

2012-01-01

405

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

406

Parental Vaccine Beliefs and Child's School Type  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The school system plays an important role in a child's vaccination status, whether by directly offering immunization services, maintaining immunization records, or providing an incentive for up-to-date immunizations through the enforcement of school entry laws. Within the American educational system, however, children do not all attend the same…

Kennedy, Allison M.; Gust, Deborah A.

2005-01-01

407

Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published jointly by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document presents information drawn from a nationally representative sample of state prisoners and from existing homicide data assembled by law enforcement agencies. It sheds new light on the most serious types of child abuse and…

Greenfield, Lawrence A.

408

The influence of maternal and child characteristics and paternal support on interactions of mothers and their medically fragile infants.  

PubMed

The influences of maternal characteristics, infant characteristics, and paternal support on maternal positive involvement and developmental stimulation were examined over time in 59 mothers and their medically fragile infants using an ecological framework. Higher maternal education was associated with greater maternal positive involvement. More maternal depressive symptoms, more infant technological dependence, and lower birthweights were associated with less maternal positive involvement at 6 months but greater involvement at 12 months. Higher paternal helpfulness facilitated positive involvement in mothers with low depressive symptoms but not in those with elevated symptoms. Higher maternal education and more depressive symptoms were associated with more developmental stimulation. Thus, maternal interactive behaviors are affected by maternal, infant, and environment factors, and these effects change over time. PMID:17243105

Lee, Tzu-Ying; Holditch-Davis, Diane; Miles, Margaret Shandor

2007-02-01

409

Acts of Omission: An Overview of Child Neglect  

MedlinePLUS

... Centered Casework Practice Family Group Decision-Making Engaging Communities to Support Families Creating a Family-Centered Agency Culture Child Abuse & Neglect Child Abuse & Neglect Home Overview ...

410

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... become depressed. He or she may withdraw, think of suicide or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

411

Age-progression technology and its application to law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of recent computer technology of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) has provided the means to age progress faces of long term missing children. In the thousands of cases of missing children that have disappeared for two or more years, there is a particular priority to identify and recover these children. It is apparent that long term solutions to this problem lie in the realm of technology. One of the areas is the computerized aging of children's faces. Forensic artists working with this new technology help this goal become a reality. When imaging a child's face, the forensic artist must consider using photographs of the biological family at an age consistent with the age of the missing child. With these pictures, a reasonable likeness can be produced using computer technology. This image can aid law enforcement, child find and social service agencies and the public in their search for the missing child. Unique features of the system provide for the stretching, merging, pixelation and refining of a completed progression. A knowledge of the steps of facial growth and anatomy is necessary to achieve an accurate image. Future developments in age progression and facial reconstruction may be in the realm of morphing technology. Application of this technology is being tested to provide a more accurate image for investigative use.

Heafner, Horace

1996-02-01

412

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

413

Process evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support study: a multisite randomized controlled trial for the management of child obesity.  

PubMed

The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and parent questionnaires. Internal validity and reliability of the program delivery were high. All parents reported positive changes in their children as a result of the physical activity program, the dietary modification program, or both. Most participants completed the home activities, but more than half reported that finding time to do them was problematic. Facilitator review indicated that future programs should specifically cater to children of similar age or same sex, allow adequate time for explanation of complex nutritional concepts, and use intrinsic motivators for participants. Recommendations for future interventions, specifically the implementation of subsequent HIKCUPS or other multisite effectiveness studies, are detailed. PMID:19158237

Jones, Rachel A; Warren, Janet M; Okely, Anthony D; Collins, Clare E; Morgan, Philip J; Cliff, Dylan P; Burrows, Tracy; Cleary, Jane; Baur, Louise A

2009-01-21

414

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes.

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean Francois; Taziwa, Fabian; Vinoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

415

Enforcement project management handbook. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The Handbook is intended to be a basic reference and training manual to assist Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) and On-Scene Coordinators (OSCs) in planning, negotiating, and managing Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) searches and PRP-lead actions. It provides an overview of each phase of the enforcement process and discusses specific roles and responsibilities of the RPM/OSC in the process. Procedures and information contained in the document are based on existing and draft EPA policy and guidance. Specific documents are referenced as sources of additional information on particular topics.

Not Available

1993-05-01

416

Uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For over 18 years, Texas Instruments (TI) has been developing low cost uncooled thermal imaging technology for night vision applications. Using technology developed with support from several government agencies, TI is offering this dual-use technology in a low cost system for police cruisers and other surveillance applications. TI has teamed with Highes Aircraft to provide NIGHTSIGHTTM, now being marketed jointly. Because NIGHSIGHT is a passive thermal image, it gives law enforcement officers the ability to see in total darkness. This capability gives the uncooled system distinct advantages over image intensifiers which require some degree of visible light. It also differs from typical cryogenic or cooled IR systems because it does not contain a cryogenic cooler mechanism or a scanner which lowers the complexity, costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Police across the US have tested prototype sensors with positive results. Police officers often praise the ability to see in total darkness and report the many advantages of the system and how it changes their perspective on law enforcement. Systems have also been provided to the Drug Enforcement Agency, INS border patrol, prison security staff, Baltimore-Washington International Airport security, Texas Parks and Wildlife Service and the Los Angeles Harbor Patrol and have been used in a variety of security and surveillance situations. The paper will address the implementation of the technology; discuss barriers to use such as cost, awareness, and system understanding, and examine the impact of the technology on the effectiveness of law enforcement at night.

Kyle, Robert J.; van Dover, Douglas K.

1995-05-01

417

Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While some of theses capabilities are available at local crime laboratories, state-of-the-art equipment and breakthroughs in analytical techniques are continually being developed at DOE laboratories. Extensive experience with the handling of radioactive samples at the DOE labs minimizes the chances of cross-contamination of evidence received from law enforcement. In addition to high-sensitivity analyses, many of the field techniques developed for use in a nuclear facility can assist law enforcement personnel in detecting illicit materials and operations, in retrieving of pertinent evidence and in surveying crime scenes. Some of these tools include chemical sniffers, hand-held detectors, thermal imaging, etc. In addition, mobile laboratories can be deployed to a crime scene to provide field screening of potential evidence. A variety of portable sensors can be deployed on vehicle, aerial, surface or submersible platforms to assist in the location of pertinent evidence or illicit operations. Several specific nuclear technologies available to law enforcement and their potential uses are discussed.

Hofstetter, K.J.

2000-03-29

418

Monitoring and Enforcement of Environmental Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article reviews the economics,literature on monitoring and enforcement,of environmental policy. In the last few years there has been a rapid growth in both theoretical developments,and empirical studies of monitoring and enforcement. Various factors have contributed to this growth, including (1) the growth of the law and economics literature and its interest in issues of law enforcement and penalties,

Mark A. Cohen

1998-01-01

419

Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Child maltreatment (CM) is common worldwide, and can take many forms. It may even endanger the child’s life, especially when younger children are the victims. CM affects the child’s quality of life and consequently leads to long term issues to be dealt with by the child, family and community. This case series discusses six children who have been subjected to CM, and diagnosed by the child protection team of the departments of Child Health and Behavioural Medicine at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman. The aim of this case series is to increase the level of awareness of CM among Oman’s medical professionals and to highlight the difficulties encountered in diagnosing and providing optimal care for these children. Although treatment is provided in Oman’s health care system, it is clear that there are gaps in the existing system which affect the quality of child protection services provided to the children and their families.

Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Nour, Ibtisam El; Al-Said, Basma

2012-01-01

420

Critical Infrastructures Security Modeling, Enforcement and Runtime Checking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies the most relevant security requirements for critical infrastructures (CIs), and according to these requirements,\\u000a proposes an access control framework. The latter supports the CI security policy modeling and enforcement. Then, it proposes\\u000a a runtime model checker for the interactions between the organizations forming the CIs, to verify their compliance with previously\\u000a signed contracts. In this respect, not

Anas Abou El Kalam; Yves Deswarte

2008-01-01

421

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the enforcement of our nation's immigration laws has received a significant amount of attention. Some observers contend that the federal government does not have adequate resources to enforce immigration law...

K. Ester L. M. Seghetti S. R. Vina

2005-01-01

422

34 CFR 300.604 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF...Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...1)(ii) in...

2009-07-01

423

34 CFR 300.604 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF...Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...1)(ii) in...

2010-07-01

424

Effective Regulations with Little Effect? The Antecedents of the Perceptions of Environmental Officials on Enforcement Effectiveness in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enforcement gaps are an especially vexing problem in China due to pervasive ``pro-growth'' local government priorities, the weak administrative capacity of environmental agencies themselves, and relatively weak levels of societal support for a cleaner environment. This study seeks to examine this problem from the perspective of the local enforcement officials by empirically examining the relationships between these and other influences

Carlos Wing-Hung Lo; Gerald E. Fryxell; Wilson Wai-Ho Wong

2006-01-01

425

Human Trafficking, Sex Tourism, and Child Exploitation on the Southern Border  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human trafficking and various other forms of child sexual exploitation on the United States-Mexico border are described from social science and law enforcement perspectives, including current laws and definitions, case examples, and descriptions of victims and traffickers. The Southern Border Initiative of the AMBER Alert Project is outlined as one effort to combat trafficking through collaboration between law enforcement agencies

Jim Walters; Patricia H. Davis

2011-01-01

426

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency...a legally adopted child is dependentâgeneral. (a) During...the child is considered dependent upon the...

2013-04-01

427

Interactions between child and parent temperament and child behavior problems  

PubMed Central

Objective Few studies of temperament have tested goodness-of-fit theories of child behavior problems. In this study, we test the hypothesis that interactions between child and parent temperament dimensions predict levels of child psychopathology after controlling for the effects of these dimensions individually. Methods Temperament and psychopathology were assessed in a total of 175 children (97 boys, 78 girls; mean age, 10.99 years; SD, 3.66 years) using composite scores from multiple informants of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory and the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment. Parent temperament was assessed using the adult version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Statistical analyses included multiple regression procedures to assess the contribution of child-parent temperament interactions after controlling for demographic variables, other types of child psychopathology, and the individual Temperament and Character Inventory and Junior Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions. Results Interactions between child and parent temperament dimensions predicted higher levels of externalizing, internalizing, and attention problems over and above the effects of these dimensions alone. Among others, the combination of high child novelty seeking with high maternal novelty was associated with child attention problems, whereas the combination of high child harm avoidance and high father harm avoidance was associated with increased child internalizing problems. Many child temperament dimensions also exerted significant effects independently. Conclusions The association between a child temperament trait and psychopathology can be dependent upon the temperament of parents. These data lend support to previous theories of the importance of goodness-of-fit.

Rettew, David C.; Stanger, Catherine; McKee, Laura; Doyle, Alicia; Hudziak, James J.

2012-01-01

428

Child labor still with us after all these years.  

PubMed Central

Child labor is a major threat to the health of children in the United States. The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that more than four million children are legally employed and that another one to two million are employed under illegal, often exploitative conditions. Across the United States, child labor accounts for 20,000 workers compensation claims, 200,000 injuries, thousands of cases of permanent disability, and more than 70 deaths each year. Agriculture and newspaper delivery are the two most hazardous areas of employment for children and adolescents. Poverty, massive immigration, and relaxation in enforcement of Federal child labor law are the three factors principally responsible for the last two decades' resurgence of child labor in the United States. Control of the hazards of child labor will require a combination of strategies including vigorous enforcement, education, and public health surveillance. Images p466-a p467-a p468-a

Landrigan, P J; McCammon, J B

1997-01-01

429

LinguaNet: Embedded MT in a Cross-Border Messaging System for European Law Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalisation of crime poses a serious threat to the international community and is a matter of growing concern to law enforcement\\u000a agencies all over the world. In the combat against international and organized crime, the European Union (EU) has supported\\u000a a number of research and development projects within the domain of law enforcement focusing on cross-border communication,\\u000a information extraction and

Inge Gorm Hansen; Henrik Selsøe Sørensen

2002-01-01

430

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries.

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

431

The enforcement of security policies for computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security policies define who may use what information in a computer system. Protection mechanisms are built into a system to enforce security policies. In most systems, however, it is quite unclear what policies a mechanism can or does enforce. This paper defines security policies and protection mechanisms precisely and bridges the gap between them with the concept of soundness: whether

Anita K. Jones; Richard J. Lipton

1975-01-01

432

The enforcement of commercial contracts in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using case studies of manufacturing and trading firms, this paper documents how commercial contracts are enforced in Ghana. Interviews were guided by a conceptual framework emphasizing credible enforcement mechanisms and information asymmetries. Results show that compliance with contractual obligations is mostly motivated by the desire to preserve personalized relationships based on mutual trust. Harassment is the main form of debt

Marcel Fafchamps

1996-01-01

433

The Theory of Optimal Law Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic literature on optimal law enforcement is very recent. Becker's seminal paper on crime and law enforcement dates from 1968 and most papers which are the focus of this survey have been published in the last ten years. The core result presented by Becker is the following: the probability and the severity of punishment deter crime. Therefore, the fine

Nuno Garoupa

1997-01-01

434

Filtering Postures: Local Enforcement for Global Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

When packet filtering is used as a security mechanism, different routers may need to cooperate to enforce the de- sired security policy. It is difficult to ensure that they will do so correctly. We introduce a simple language for expressing global network access control policies of a kind that filtering routers are capable of enforcing. We then introduce an al-

Joshua D. Guttman

1997-01-01

435

Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective management of international environmental resources requires cooperation, and in practice cooperation is usually codified in international environmental agreements (IEAs). The essential feature of IEAs is that they cannot be enforced by a third party. This paper explores the properties of self-enforcing IEAs using two models. In one, the number of signatories, the terms of the agreement, and the actions

Scott Barrett

1994-01-01

436

Strategic intelligence in law enforcement: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an age where the role of police has morphed from simplistic response and enforcement activities to one of managing human security risk, it is argued that intelligence can be used to reduce the impact of strategic surprise from evolving criminal threats and environmental change. This review specifically focuses on research that has implications for strategic intelligence in law enforcement.

John William Coyne; Peter Bell

2011-01-01

437

Consolidated Advanced Technologies for Law Enforcement Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Consolidated Advanced Technologies for Law Enforcement Program (CAT Program) is a collaborative effort between the University of New Hampshire and the New Hampshire Department of Safety. The program addresses related problems in the integration of electronic devices within police vehicles, and in the network communications integrating vehicles and law enforcement agencies, all of which impact the ability to seamlessly

W. Thomas Miller; Andrew L. Kun; William H. Lenharth

2004-01-01

438

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2013-01-01

439

Electronic Rights Enforcement for Learning Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a possible approach to the application of digital rights languages in the field of learning media, and indicate how it facilitates the establishment of new learning media services (specifically rights enforcement). Digital rights languages are used to specify usage rights to learning resources (LR) in electronic contracts. Important issues for rights enforcement are to identify

Susanne Guth; Eckhart Koppen

2002-01-01

440

Sexual Assault Training of Law Enforcement Officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of proper response to victims of sexual abuse or assault has been well documented. However, despite their prominence as responders, little research has been conducted on training law enforcement officials to conduct this aspect of their jobs effectively. We describe results of a statewide survey of the adequacy of law enforcement officers' preparation to respond to victims of

Linda M. Kinney; Eric J. Bruns; Patrick Bradley; Joyce Dantzler; Mark D. Weist

2008-01-01

441

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During 1997, 65 law enforcement officers were killed in the line of duty. Law enforcement agencies in 29 states and the District of Columbia reported officers' deaths. Of the victims, 34 were employed by city police departments, 20 by county police and sh...

1998-01-01

442

75 FR 69573 - Export Enforcement Coordination Center  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...violations of U.S. export control laws, and must share intelligence and law enforcement information related to these efforts...serve as a conduit between Federal law enforcement agencies and the U.S. Intelligence Community for the exchange of...

2010-11-15

443

Citizen enforcement and the smoking gun  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the provisions for private citizens to bring lawsuits in federal court against regulated parties violating federal air pollution-control laws and the steps that operators of facilities subject to air pollution-control laws need to take to help avoid significant enforcement liabilities. The topics of the article include a look at citizen enforcement since 1970, the 1990 amendments to

Unterberger

2009-01-01

444

Sexual harassment and discrimination in law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defines sexual harassment before outlining what items should be contained within a law enforcement policy. Discusses harassment in the City of Los Angeles Police Department and introduces the National Centre for Women and Policing, briefly covering their programmes. Provides some general statistics about sexual harassment law enforcement. Concludes that the National Centre is essential to the future in this area

Jeff Williams; Brian H. Kleiner

2001-01-01

445

Responding to Child Abuse: A Handbook = Guide sur l'intervention en cas de mauvais traitements infliges aux enfants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook, in English and French, provides guidelines for reporting and investigating child abuse and neglect by child care providers, law enforcement officials, social workers, health care providers, educators, and others as required by Alberta's Child Welfare Act. The handbook addresses: (1) how to recognize abuse and neglect; (2) how to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

446

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...unlawful taking or restraint of a child; or (2) Making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of employment of a parent or child if the information is requested...standard format and exchange media normally available to or...

2012-10-01

447

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...unlawful taking or restraint of a child; or (2) Making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of employment of a parent or child if the information is requested...standard format and exchange media normally available to or...

2011-10-01

448

General statement of policy and procedures for NRC enforcement actions: Enforcement policy. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document includes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s or Commission`s) revised General Statement of Policy and Procedure for Enforcement Actions (Enforcement Policy) as it was published in the Federal Register on May 13, 1998 (63 ER 26630). The Enforcement Policy is a general statement of policy explaining the NRC`s policies and procedures in initiating enforcement actions, and of the presiding officers and the Commission in reviewing these actions. This policy statement is applicable to enforcement matters involving the radiological health and safety of the public, including employees` health and safety, the common defense and security, and the environment.

NONE

1998-05-01

449

Effects on outpatient and emergency mental health care of strict Medicaid early periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment enforcement.  

PubMed

We investigated enforcement of mental health benefits provided by California Medicaid's Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) program. Enforcement, compelled by a consumer-driven lawsuit, resulted in an almost 4-fold funding increase over a 5-year period. We evaluated the impact of enforcement on outpatient treatment intensity (number of visits per child) and rates of emergency care treatment. Using fixed-effects regression, we examined the number of outpatient mental health visits per client and the percentage of all clients using crisis care across 53 autonomous California county mental health plans over 32 three-month periods (quarters; emergency crisis care rates) and 36 quarters (out-patient mental health visits). Enforcement of EPSDT benefits in accordance with federal law produced favorable changes in patterns of mental health service use, consistent with policy aims. PMID:17329640

Snowden, Lonnie R; Masland, Mary C; Wallace, Neal T; Evans-Cuellar, Allison

2007-02-28

450

Fuzzy tools for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss several aspects of the multimedia fuzzy controller (MFC), which can be regarded as an extension of fuzzy controllers to include multimedia rules and memberships. The practical application context is that of law enforcement technology. We show the important role of the MFC for human input controllers in replacing the numeric input of standard controllers with media input. We have shown that the two essential problems of the FMC are the measure of distances in multifeatured spaces and the input of the media instance to the controller. The latter problem has two possible solutions: searching through the media database or constructing media instances. The first approach has been investigated in connection with the creation of a synthetic lineup for eyewitness identification of suspects. We have given a prescription for engineering a synthetic lineup for practical cases of interest. We have also shown that the essentially novel characteristic of the media databases required by the MFC is their commensurability.

Hackwood, Susan

1996-06-01

451

Retail price as an outcome measure for the effectiveness of drug law enforcement.  

PubMed

One outcome measure of law enforcement effectiveness is the reduction in drug consumption which occurs as a result of law enforcement interventions. A theoretical relationship between drug consumption and retail price has promoted the use of retail price as a surrogate measure for consumption. In the current article, retail price is examined as a potential outcome measure for the effectiveness of law enforcement. The predictions regarding the relationship between law enforcement intensity and price are only partially supported by research. Explanations for the disconnect between the drug law enforcement activity and retail price include: rapid adaptation by market players, enforcement swamping, assumptions of rational actors, short-run versus long-run effects, structure of the illicit market, simultaneous changes that affect price in perverse ways, the role of violence in markets, and data limitations. Researchers who use retail price as an outcome measure need to take into account the complex relationship between drug law enforcement interventions and the retail price of illicit drugs. Viable outcome measures which can be used as complements to retail price are worth investigation. PMID:20083399

Bright, David A; Ritter, Alison

2010-01-18

452

Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout among Law Enforcement Investigators Exposed to Disturbing Media Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the psychological impact of viewing disturbing media on investigators engaged in computer forensics work.\\u000a Twenty-eight federal law enforcement personnel who investigate Internet child pornography cases completed measures of secondary\\u000a traumatic stress disorder (STSD) and burnout. Substantial percentages of investigators reported poor psychological well-being.\\u000a Greater exposure to disturbing media was related to higher levels of STSD and cynicism.

Lisa M. Perez; Jeremy Jones; David R. Englert; Daniel Sachau

2010-01-01

453

18 CFR 39.7 - Enforcement of Reliability Standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Enforcement of Reliability Standards. 39.7 Section 39...CONCERNING CERTIFICATION OF THE ELECTRIC RELIABILITY ORGANIZATION; AND PROCEDURES FOR THE...APPROVAL, AND ENFORCEMENT OF ELECTRIC RELIABILITY STANDARDS § 39.7 Enforcement...

2009-04-01

454

18 CFR 39.7 - Enforcement of Reliability Standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Enforcement of Reliability Standards. 39.7 Section 39...CONCERNING CERTIFICATION OF THE ELECTRIC RELIABILITY ORGANIZATION; AND PROCEDURES FOR THE...APPROVAL, AND ENFORCEMENT OF ELECTRIC RELIABILITY STANDARDS § 39.7 Enforcement...

2010-04-01

455

20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Act allows us to disclose information for law enforcement purposes...is given to us. Therefore...information for law enforcement purposes only...Act allows us to disclose...head of the law enforcement...

2010-04-01

456

20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Act allows us to disclose information for law enforcement purposes...is given to us. Therefore...information for law enforcement purposes only...Act allows us to disclose...head of the law enforcement...

2009-04-01

457

36 CFR 1210.60 - Purpose of termination and enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Purpose of termination and enforcement. 1210.60 Section 1210.60 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 1210.60 Purpose of termination and enforcement....

2012-07-01

458

36 CFR 1210.60 - Purpose of termination and enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Purpose of termination and enforcement. 1210.60 Section 1210.60 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 1210.60 Purpose of termination and enforcement....

2011-07-01

459

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...authority has enacted and implemented legislation to enforce HIPAA requirements and also determines that it is appropriate...

2011-10-01

460

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...authority has enacted and implemented legislation to enforce HIPAA requirements and also determines that it is appropriate...

2012-10-01

461

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...maintained by each law enforcement unit undertaking a...the effectiveness of law enforcement through the efficient...exchange of criminal and intelligence information with other...information concerning its law enforcement program in...

2009-10-01

462

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...maintained by each law enforcement unit undertaking a...the effectiveness of law enforcement through the efficient...exchange of criminal and intelligence information with other...information concerning its law enforcement program in...

2010-10-01

463

49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section...Operations § 1542.219 Supplementing law enforcement personnel. (a) When...enough qualified State, local, and private law enforcement personnel are...

2011-10-01

464

36 CFR 1270.50 - Consultation with law enforcement agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Consultation with law enforcement agencies. 1270.50 Section...RECORDS Presidential Records Compiled for Law Enforcement Purposes § 1270.50 Consultation with law enforcement agencies. (a) For the...

2011-07-01

465

New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and the Justice Department for civilian law enforcement applications. MMW sensors are under development which should provide the needed capabilities including radiometric sensors at 95 GHz, active 95 GHz real aperture radars, active focal plane array (FPA) radars, and holographic radars. Radiometric sensors include 2D FPA systems, 1D FPA, scanned systems, and single element scanned sensors. Active FPA radars include illuminated radiometric systems and coherent radar systems. Real aperture MMW radar systems include raster scanned and conical scanned sensors. Holographic systems ruse mechanical scanners to collect coherent data over a significant solid angular sector.

Currie, Nicholas C.; Ferris, David D.; McMillan, Robert W.; Wicks, Michael C.

1997-06-01

466

Executive Summary of the Law Enforcement Assistance and Development (LEAD) Program: Reduction of Familial and Organizational Stress in Law Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Law Enforcement Assistance & Development (LEAD) Program provided for a consortium of three rural law enforcement agencies and mental health professionals to prevent and reduce stress, and to enhance the overall health of law enforcement officers and t...

E. R. D. Deisinger

2002-01-01

467

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2011-04-01

468

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2013-04-01

469

[The disruptive child].  

PubMed

Beware not to confuse talk about children with children's talk: this should be the golden rule for childhood professionals. Agitation and somatization disrupt the functioning of what is called the functional spheres. The child eats poorly, sleeps poorly, and has problems controlling his sphincters. He presents symptoms that the growing importance of education in today's modern world can no longer neglect. The diversity of the circumstances in which the child is recognized as "disruptive" shows just how much the borders between children and adults are permeable. The disruptive child is also a child disturbed by the adult world in which he is evolving. The author supports his hypotheses with several examples from his practice as a psychoanalyst. PMID:19419849

Brun, D

2009-05-05

470

15 CFR 280.204 - Institution of administrative enforcement proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS FASTENER QUALITY Enforcement § 280.204 Institution of administrative enforcement proceedings. (a)...

2012-01-01

471

Implementation and enforcement of tobacco bans in two prisons in North Carolina: a qualitative inquiry.  

PubMed

Despite the national trend that 90% of prisons have smoke-free indoors policies, compliance and enforcement remain barriers to policy success. Key informant interviews about policy compliance and enforcement were conducted with 10 staff and inmates at two North Carolina prison facilities, one with a complete ban (indoors and outdoors) and one with a partial ban (indoors only). Communication of the tobacco bans was consistent and well understood in both facilities. Barriers to compliance and enforcement, especially in the complete ban facility, included policy ''buy in,'' the emerging black market for cigarettes, staff support, and access to nicotine replacement therapy. Despite these barriers, most informants reported that implementation and enforcement of complete bans is possible with adequate communication about the policy and access to cessation therapy. PMID:20339127

Foley, Kristie L; Proescholdbell, Scott; Herndon Malek, Sally; Johnson, Jana

2010-04-01

472

Timeline analysis tools for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The timeline analysis system (TAS) was developed by Rome Laboratory to assist intelligence analysts with the comprehension of large amounts of information. Under the TAS program data visualization, manipulation and reasoning tools were developed in close coordination with end users. The initial TAS prototype was developed for foreign command and control analysts at Space Command in Colorado Springs and was fielded there in 1989. The TAS prototype replaced manual paper timeline maintenance and analysis techniques and has become an integral part of Space Command's information infrastructure. TAS was designed to be domain independent and has been tailored and proliferated to a number of other users. The TAS program continues to evolve because of strong user support. User funded enhancements and Rome Lab funded technology upgrades have significantly enhanced TAS over the years and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. TAS was recently provided to the New York State Police (NYSP) for evaluation using actual case data. Timeline analysis it turns out is a popular methodology used in law enforcement. The evaluation has led to a more comprehensive application and evaluation project sponsored by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). This paper describes the capabilities of TAS, results of the initial NYSP evaluation and the plan for a more comprehensive NYSP evaluation.

Mucks, John

1997-02-01

473

45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...support enforcement system or alternative system configuration...will improve the management and administration...writing to use the system for a period...a computerized support enforcement system...for proprietary application software...

2010-10-01

474

45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...support enforcement system or alternative system configuration...will improve the management and administration...writing to use the system for a period...a computerized support enforcement system...for proprietary application software...

2009-10-01

475

NICHD Study of Early Child Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NICHD Study of Early Child Care is the most comprehensive child care study conducted to date to determine how variations in child care are related to children's development: In 1991, a team of NICHD-supported researchers enrolled 1,364 children in the...

1998-01-01

476

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2013-07-01

477

30 CFR 903.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of...actions and orders to show cause, upon request, to a designated Arizona State agency with jurisdiction over...

2013-07-01

478

30 CFR 937.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...coal mining and reclamation operations. (b) OSM will furnish a copy of each enforcement action document and order to show cause issued pursuant to this subpart to the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral...

2013-07-01

479

30 CFR 905.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and reclamation operations. (b) In addition to the requirements of part 843, copies of enforcement actions and orders to show cause will be furnished, upon request, to the California Division of Mining and...

2013-07-01

480

34 CFR 303.417 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES...Confidentiality of Personally Identifiable Information and Early Intervention Records § 303.417 Enforcement....

2013-07-01

481

29 CFR 95.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...JURISDICTION OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements...legally available. (b) Hearings and appeals. In taking an enforcement action...recipient an opportunity for hearing, appeal, or other administrative...

2013-07-01

482

43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions. The provisions of section 17, the President's...

2012-10-01

483

29 CFR 1986.113 - Judicial enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EMPLOYEE PROTECTION PROVISION OF THE SEAMAN'S PROTECTION ACT (SPA), AS AMENDED Miscellaneous Provisions § 1986.113 Judicial...including one approving a settlement agreement issued under SPA, the Secretary may file a civil action seeking enforcement...

2013-07-01

484

47 CFR 1.1412 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1412 Section 1.1412 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Grants by Random Selection Pole Attachment Complaint Procedures § 1.1412 Enforcement. If the respondent fails to obey any order...

2012-10-01

485

40 CFR 5.605 - Enforcement procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement procedures. 5.605 Section 5.605 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE...

2013-07-01

486

FDA Enforcement Report, July 2, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities.

1997-01-01

487

Questions and Answers About FDA's Enforcement Action ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The Notice is effective immediately, but FDA will exercise its enforcement discretion for a brief period before evaluating whether to take any further ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/enforcementactivitiesbyfda

488

34 CFR 300.626 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 300.626 Education Regulations of...the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...The SEA must have in effect the...

2013-07-01

489

34 CFR 300.608 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 300.608 Education Regulations of...the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...including the targets in the...

2013-07-01

490

34 CFR 300.604 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 300.604 Education Regulations of...the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE...Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...b)(1)(ii) in implementing...

2013-07-01

491

14 CFR 243.17 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ECONOMIC REGULATIONS PASSENGER MANIFEST INFORMATION § 243.17 Enforcement. The U...may require from any covered airline further information about collection, storage and transmission procedures at any time....

2013-01-01

492

10 CFR 429.110 - Enforcement testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement testing. 429.110 Section 429.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION CERTIFICATION, COMPLIANCE, AND...test notice that the manufacturer of a basic model ship or cause to be shipped from a retailer or...

2013-01-01

493

28 CFR 0.157 - Drug Enforcement  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Certain] [Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation - Drug Enforcement...157 Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION...Certain Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation--Drug...

2009-07-01

494

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection...Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding...

2012-10-01

495

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection...Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding...

2011-10-01

496

Defining and Enforcing Hardware Security Requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Security in computing systems to date has focused mostly on software. In this research, we explore the application and enforceability of well-defined security requirements in hardware designs. The principal threats to hardware systems demonstrated in the ...

M. B. Bilzor

2011-01-01

497

15 CFR 30.73 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures approved by the Attorney General. (b) Department of Homeland Security (DHS). ICE and CBP may enforce the provisions of this part and ICE, as assisted by CBP may conduct investigations under this...

2012-01-01

498

48 CFR 22.809 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Equal Employment Opportunity 22.809 Enforcement. Upon the...11246 to the Department of Justice or to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for the institution...

2011-10-01

499

48 CFR 22.809 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Equal Employment Opportunity 22.809 Enforcement. Upon the...11246 to the Department of Justice or to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for the institution...

2012-10-01

500

45 CFR 602.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE...that may be legally available. (b) Hearings, appeals. In taking an enforcement...or subgrantee an opportunity for such hearing, appeal, or other administrative...

2012-10-01