Sample records for child support enforcement

  1. The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

    2007-01-01

    The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

  2. Giving Hope and Support to America's Children: Handbook on Child Support Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

    This handbook is a "how-to" guide to help parents get the child support payments their children need and deserve. The handbook is written in a question and answer format. Chapter 1 provides information on child support enforcement problems, how parents can get help, and the basic fees and steps in getting child support. Chapter 2 presents…

  3. The Central Registry/Clearinghouse: A Tool for Improving the Child Support Enforcement Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Dennis C.; And Others

    Potential uses of a central registry/clearinghouse approach in the Child Support Enforcement Program (CSEP) are described in this publication. The CSEP was established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act in an effort to reduce federal monies spent supporting dependent children not receiving financial assistance from absent parents.…

  4. Child Support Enforcement: Incentives and Well-Being. JCPR Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garfinkel, Irwin; Heintze, Theresa; Huang, Chien-Chung

    Public enforcement of private child support obligations transfers income from nonresident parents to resident parents (mostly mothers) or, if the mother is receiving welfare, to the state. This paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature on the effects of this transfer of income and presents new empirical evidence on the effects of stronger…

  5. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  7. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  8. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  9. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  10. Child Support Report, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

  11. Child Support Report, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

  12. Child Support Report, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

  13. Child Support Report, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

  14. Child Support Report, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

  15. Child Support Report, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

  16. 76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ...noncustodial parent, putative father, child), family violence indicator (domestic violence or child abuse), indication of whether a child support or paternity order is in effect, purpose of request, source of...

  17. Child Support Enforcement Legislation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

    This document contains prepared statements and witness testimony from the Congressional hearing on child support enforcement legislation. Statistical data on family composition, divorce and separation trends, living arrangements for children, poverty status, welfare support, and child support are presented. The content of proposed bill H.R. 3545…

  18. Welfare: Reform or Replacement? (Child Support Enforcement---II). Hearing before the Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy of the Committee on Finance. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Finance.

    This transcript is from the third in a series of hearings before the Senate Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy focusing on whether the present welfare system should be reformed or replaced. A series of public officials, child and family advocates, and other interested parties testified on the issue of enforcement of child support

  19. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  20. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  1. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  2. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  3. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  4. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  5. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  6. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  7. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  8. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  9. The Strange Politics of Child Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Bryce

    2001-01-01

    Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

  10. Single Mothers and Child Support: The Possibilities and Limits of Child Support Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edin, Kathryn

    1995-01-01

    Cites data from 214 welfare families to support the argument that tougher child-support enforcement can reduce welfare dependency. Suggests that the best way to mend the child-support system for welfare-reliant children is to create a system that takes into account the real-life situations of mothers and fathers, as well as norms regarding…

  11. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  12. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  13. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  14. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  15. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  16. TURNING OFFENDERS INTO RESPONSIBLE PARENTS AND CHILD SUPPORT PAYERS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esther Ann Griswold; Jessica Pearson

    2005-01-01

    This article describes four demonstration projects that strive to promote responsible behavior with respect to parenting, child support payment, and employment among incarcerated and paroled parents with child support obligations. These projects, conducted in Colorado, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Texas, with support from the federal Office of Child Support Enforcement and evaluated by the Center for Policy Research, led to a

  17. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  18. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  19. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic...

  20. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  1. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  2. 5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

  3. 5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

  4. 5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

  5. 5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

  6. 5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

  7. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01...307.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...d)(3) of the Social Security Act; or...who actually will work on the project...

  8. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01...307.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...d)(3) of the Social Security Act; or...who actually will work on the project...

  9. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01...307.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...d)(3) of the Social Security Act; or...who actually will work on the project...

  10. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01...307.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...d)(3) of the Social Security Act; or...who actually will work on the project...

  11. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01...307.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...d)(3) of the Social Security Act; or...who actually will work on the project...

  12. Child support and welfare dependence: A multinomial logit analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip K. Robins; Katherine P. Dickinson

    1985-01-01

    The relation between welfare dependency and receipt of child support is investigated with data from a special supplement to\\u000a the Current Population Survey. The impact of receiving child support on a family’s welfare status is estimated and the types\\u000a of families for which child support enforcement policies may have the great est impact are identified. Overall, the results\\u000a indicate that

  13. 45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...putative father, or child, associated with...IV-D case receiving child support enforcement...support order in effect. The information...security number of any child for whom the order...removing a Family Violence indicator and notices...violence indicator (domestic violence or...

  14. Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

  15. 45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01...307.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation...Names; (ii) Social security...

  16. 45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01...307.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation...Names; (ii) Social security...

  17. 45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01...307.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation...Names; (ii) Social security...

  18. 45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01...307.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation...Names; (ii) Social security...

  19. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  20. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  1. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  2. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  3. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  4. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  5. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  6. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  7. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  8. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

  9. Supporting Each Child's Spirit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

  10. Strengthening the Circle: Child Support for Native American Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

    Technical amendments to the 1996 welfare reform legislation--the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)--include new requirements for administering a state child support enforcement program. This document provides background information to American Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, tribal courts, and…

  11. Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis. For Law-Enforcement Officers Investigating Cases of Child Sexual Exploitation. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanning, Kenneth V.

    This booklet provides a behavioral analysis of child molesters. The terms child molesters and pedophiles are defined and distinctions are drawn between the two. The second section develops a law enforcement typology differing from those of mental health professionals, focusing on pre-arrest behavior or pre-identification behavior of child

  12. Trends in child support outcomes.

    PubMed

    Hanson, T L; Garfinkel, I; McLanahan, S S; Miller, C K

    1996-11-01

    This paper examines trends in child support award rates, award amounts, and receipts. We investigate four hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the downward trend in these outcomes during the 1980s: (1) changes in the demographic composition of the population eligible for child support, (2) increases in mothers' income, (3) decreases in fathers' income, and (4) inflation. Our results indicate that trends in nonmarital fertility can explain much of the decline in award rates. The steady downward trend in fathers' incomes during the 1980s also explains a considerable portion of the decline in award rates, award amounts, and receipts. Our results are also consistent with the notion that persistent money illusion is responsible for the decline in real child support awards. PMID:8939420

  13. 45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.20 Submittal...computerized support enforcement systems. The State IV-D...

  14. 45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.25 Review and...computerized support enforcement systems. The Office will...

  15. 45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.25 Review and...computerized support enforcement systems. The Office will...

  16. 45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.20 Submittal...computerized support enforcement systems. The State IV-D...

  17. 45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.20 Submittal...computerized support enforcement systems. The State IV-D...

  18. 45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.20 Submittal...computerized support enforcement systems. The State IV-D...

  19. 45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.20 Submittal...computerized support enforcement systems. The State IV-D...

  20. 45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.25 Review and...computerized support enforcement systems. The Office will...

  1. 45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.25 Review and...computerized support enforcement systems. The Office will...

  2. 45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.25 Review and...computerized support enforcement systems. The Office will...

  3. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

  4. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

  5. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security...computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

  6. University of Pittsburgh Child Support Documentation

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support was paid of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

  7. Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roff, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

  8. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...purposes of exchanging information with State agencies...support enforcement system through methods such as audit trails and feedback...c) Training and information. Have procedures...support enforcement system are: (1)...

  9. Welfare policies and covert behaviors: Understanding the effects on low-income families needing child support in central Iowa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alissa Stoehr

    2009-01-01

    When President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) into law on August 22, 1996, programs to strengthen child support enforcement and improve receipt efforts were established. However, the lives of welfare recipients who were receiving child support were forever changed. These single mothers would now have to attempt to find employment, no matter what their

  10. Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

  11. Child Support and Remarriage Johns Hopkins University

    E-print Network

    Niebur, Ernst

    studies the reasons for low levels of child support paid by non-custodial divorced fathers. When mothers picked payment level. Assuming father's income is to some degree unobservable by mother after divorce, I support from divorced fathers 1. The failure of many divorced fathers to comply with court-mandated child

  12. Child Support and Alimony: 1985. (Supplemental Report).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanlon, Ruth A. Sanders; Henson, Mary F.

    1989-01-01

    Data on the award and receipt of child support and alimony to women are reported. Additional data concerning receipt and type of property settlement following divorce is provided. The Bureau of the Census first conducted a survey specifically designed to obtain data on child support and alimony in spring, 1979. The survey, with minor…

  13. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.31 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. (See § 307.35 regarding...Department of Health and Human Services...

  14. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.31 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. (See § 307.35 regarding...Department of Health and Human Services...

  15. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.31 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. (See § 307.35 regarding...Department of Health and Human Services...

  16. 45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.40 Suspension...computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Suspension of...

  17. 45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.40 Suspension...computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Suspension of...

  18. 45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.40 Suspension...computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Suspension of...

  19. 45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.10 Functional...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October...

  20. 45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.10 Functional...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October...

  1. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.31 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. (See § 307.35 regarding...Department of Health and Human Services...

  2. 45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.10 Functional...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October...

  3. 45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.10 Functional...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October...

  4. 45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.40 Suspension...computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Suspension of...

  5. 45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.40 Suspension...computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Suspension of...

  6. TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for expert support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and Federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and en...

  7. TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and engineeri...

  8. Child support and alimony: 1985 (supplemental report).

    PubMed

    Hanlon, R A

    1989-03-01

    This report on child support and alimony is based on data from the 1987 and 1986 US Current Population Surveys. As of spring 1986, 8.8 million mothers were living with children under 21 years of age whose fathers were not living in the household; 61%, or about 5.4 million, of these women were awarded or had an agreement to receive child support payments for their children as of the survey date. Of the 5.4 million women awarded child support, 4.4 million were supposed to receive child support for their children in 1985. Of those due payment, about half received the full amount they were due. Of the remaining women, there was no evidence of a difference between the proportion receiving partial payment and those receiving no payment at all--about 26% each. Of the 5.4 million women with awards for their children, 45% had health insurance included as part of the award. Of the 3.4 million women without child support awards, about half (48%) wanted but could not obtain awards for their children. The child support award rate reported in 1986 showed a slight increase from that of 1984 (up 2.2% to 58%). The proportion of women awarded child support payments in 1986 was higher for Whites (71%) than for Blacks (36%) or Hispanics (42%). Women with 4 or more years of college were more likely to have been awarded support payments (77%) than women with 4 years of high school (63%). The average (mean) amount of child support received in 1985 was $2200. PMID:12282323

  9. Child support and alimony: 1983 (supplemental report).

    PubMed

    Sanders, R A

    1986-10-01

    The concern has continued over the financial situation of US women and their children after divorce and separation and over the situation of never-married mothers, in part due to the low average incomes and accompanying high incidence of poverty among families with family householders and no husband present. This report presents information on both the award and actual receipt of child support to women on behalf of their children and on alimony for their own support. Additional data concerning receipt and type of property settlement following divorce is provided for ever-divorced women. As of spring 1984, 8.7 million mothers were living with children under 21 years of age whose fathers were not living in the household; 58% or about 5 million of these women were awarded or had an agreement to receive child support payments for their children as of the survey date. Of the 5 million women awarded child support, 4 million were supposed to receive child support for their children in 1983. Of those due payment, about half received the full amount they were due. The child support award rate reported in 1984 (58%) was not significantly different from that of 1982; however, the proportion of women receiving payments in 1983 (76%) increased slightly over that of the previous survey (72%). The average (mean) amount of child support received in 1983 was $2340. About 43% of the 2.9 million women below the poverty level were awarded child support. Whites and college-educated women were more likely to be awarded child support. Only about 14% of the 17.4 million ever-divorced or currently separated women as of spring 1984 were awarded or had an agreement to receive alimony or maintenance payments In spring 1984, about 37% of the 14.8 million women who had ever been divorced reported receiving some form of property settlement. PMID:12314700

  10. Promoting law enforcement for child protection: a community analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Lavelle, J M; Hovell, M F; West, M P; Wahlgren, D R

    1992-01-01

    The Colorado Occupant Protection Project (COPP) intervention provided police with brief instruction concerning the importance of citations for drivers' failure to use child safety seats and special coupons to accompany citations. Coupons were exchangeable by drivers for a safety seat and brief training in its use, plus a waiver of the $50 citation fine. Over 4.5 years of archival records were employed, using an ABA design and a comparison community to evaluate the program. Few tickets were issued for nonuse of safety seats during the 3-year baseline in either community. Citations for nonuse of safety seats increased to over 50 per month during the intervention period at the test site, whereas rates remained essentially zero at the comparison site. After the COPP intervention was removed at the intervention site, citation rates for nonuse of safety seats decreased to about 15 per month. Differences between intervention conditions and settings were statistically significant. During the intervention, officers were 44 times more likely to write citations than were controls. Results suggested that a behavioral program can increase police citation writing for child protection purposes. PMID:1478911

  11. Visual identification system for homeland security and law enforcement support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samuel, Todd J.; Edwards, Don; Knopf, Michael

    2005-05-01

    This paper describes the basic configuration for a visual identification system (VIS) for Homeland Security and law enforcement support. Security and law enforcement systems with an integrated VIS will accurately and rapidly provide identification of vehicles or containers that have entered, exited or passed through a specific monitoring location. The VIS system stores all images and makes them available for recall for approximately one week. Images of alarming vehicles will be archived indefinitely as part of the alarming vehicle"s or cargo container"s record. Depending on user needs, the digital imaging information will be provided electronically to the individual inspectors, supervisors, and/or control center at the customer"s office. The key components of the VIS are the high-resolution cameras that capture images of vehicles, lights, presence sensors, image cataloging software, and image recognition software. In addition to the cameras, the physical integration and network communications of the VIS components with the balance of the security system and client must be ensured.

  12. Reorganizing Child Protective Services: Protecting Children and Providing Family Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchison, Elizabeth D.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Examines the proposal to assign the child protective investigative function to law enforcement agencies, while maintaining the family service function in the child welfare system. Reviews the national experience with the separation of income maintenance and social services in public welfare, advising extreme caution in the implementation of this…

  13. Poverty Transitions among Families Supporting a Child with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emerson, Eric; Shahtahmasebi, Said; Lancaster, Gillian; Berridge, Damon

    2010-01-01

    Background: Little is known about child disability and dynamic aspects of poverty. Method: Analysis of data collected over a 12-month period for families (a) supporting a child with intellectual disability (n = 370), (b) supporting a child with other disability (n = 1,418), and (c) supporting a child with no disability (n = 7,215). Results: When…

  14. FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Law Enforcement Training Victim & Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 ... in graphic bestiality, sadistic or masochistic abuse or sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital ...

  15. Child and Youth Care Family Support Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack Phelan

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the theoretical process and practical skills involved in a child and youth care approach to family work. The behaviors and boundary dynamics for this worker are significantly different than those envisioned in family therapy approaches, including gaining credibility by actually living with difficult youth, trusting families to know what they need, supporting families by doing useful things

  16. Falling Further Behind? Child Support Arrears and Fathers’ Labor Force Participation

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Daniel P.; Mincy, Ronald B.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how child support arrears affect fathers’ labor force participation. It relies on longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study. Findings from analyses of these data suggest that child support arrears result in declines in average weeks worked in the formal labor market in subsequent time periods. These findings are driven by the behaviors of fathers who had relatively high amounts of arrears and no income in the previous year and are mostly robust to tests for selection into no work or low levels of work by fathers. Findings also suggest that arrears obligations that are low relative to income result in increases in the probability that fathers engage in any formal work. Arrears are not statistically significantly related to informal labor force participation. This study highlights both intended and unintended consequences of the growth in arrears under current child support enforcement policies. PMID:23935220

  17. 2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

  18. 2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

  19. 2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

  20. 2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

  1. Community factors supporting child mental Health.

    PubMed

    Earls, F

    2001-10-01

    A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

  2. 45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public...HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased...

  3. 45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public...HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased...

  4. 45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public...HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased...

  5. 45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public...HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased...

  6. 45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public...HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased...

  7. 75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ...due to family or domestic violence, that-- (A) Specifies that the child has been or is being...reasonable evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and the disclosure...reasonable evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and the...

  8. Child support and welfare dynamics: Evidence from Wisconsin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel R. Meyer

    1993-01-01

    This paper provides estimates of the effect of child support on exiting and reentering welfare for a sample of divorced women\\u000a in Wisconsin. Modest amounts of child support do not have large effects on exiting welfare in this sample. The percentage\\u000a of women who return to welfare is higher than has been reported previously. Receiving child support significantly decreases\\u000a the

  9. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  10. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  11. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  12. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  13. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

  14. Employer-Supported Child Care: Who Participates?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

    2009-01-01

    Child-care vouchers are becoming more common and can provide child-care assistance to a wide spectrum of the population. There is little empirical research, however, on which workers participate in their employer's child-care programs. In this exploratory study, employees with children at 1 large university completed questionnaires to gather…

  15. Supporting Law Enforcement in Digital Communities through Natural Language Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danny Hughes; Paul Rayson; James Walkerdine; Kevin Lee; Phil Greenwood; Awais Rashid; Corinne May-chahal; Margaret Brennan

    2008-01-01

    Recent years have seen an explosion in the number and scale of digital communities (e.g. peer-to-peer file sharing systems, chat applications and social networking sites). Unfortunately, digital communities are host to sig- nificant criminal activity including copyright infringement, identity theft and child sexual abuse. Combating this growing level of crime is problematic due to the ever increasing scale of today's

  16. SUPPORTIVE EXPRESSIVE THERAPY – PARENT CHILD VERSION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOANNE G. CUMMINGS; JEAN-VICTOR WITTENBERG

    2008-01-01

    Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy – Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent’s internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent–child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent–child play sessions followed

  17. Child Care and Other Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

  18. Local television news and voter support for law enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesse C. Brown II

    1987-01-01

    Television has become “the” medium of the masses in contemporary America. However, there has been very little systematic investigation\\u000a about television’s impact upon agents of political authority, such as municipal police agencies.\\u000a \\u000a This research analyzes potential linkages between voter support for local police and voter viewing habits of local television\\u000a news. The impact of television news upon voter support for

  19. 2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    . If there are differences between your FAFSA and your submitted documents, we will make the corrections electronically/spouse, or parent(s) to a separated or divorced spouse to help with the support of the child/children. · For a child/children/spouse, or parent(s) for child day care expenses. · For children living in the same household as the student. Did

  20. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    the corrections electronically. If you do not complete the verification process, you will forfeit federal student/spouse, or parent(s) to a separated or divorced spouse to help with the support of the child/children. For a child/children/spouse, or parent(s) for child day care expenses. For children living in the same household as the student. Did you

  1. Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Maril

    2007-01-01

    This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

  2. Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Karen S.

    Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

  3. 13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

  4. Social support and child protection: Lessons learned and learning.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Ross A

    2015-03-01

    Social support has been a topic of research for nearly 50 years, and its applications to prevention and intervention have grown significantly, including programs advancing child protection. This article summarizes the central conclusions of the 1994 review of research on social support and the prevention of child maltreatment prepared for the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, and surveys advances in the field since its publication. Among the lessons learned twenty years ago are (a) the diversity of the social support needs of at-risk families and their association with child endangerment, (b) the need to supplement the emotionally affirmative aspects of social support with efforts to socialize parenting practices and monitor child well-being, (c) the desirability of integrating formal and informal sources of social support for recipients, and (d) the importance of considering the complex recipient reactions to receiving support from others. The lessons we are now learning derive from research exploring the potential of online communication to enhance social support, the neurobiology of stress and its buffering through social support, and the lessons of evaluation research that are identifying the effective ingredients of social support interventions. PMID:25043921

  5. ChildChild CareCare / ChildChild-Raising-Raising SupportSupport thatthat SuitsSuits YouYou

    E-print Network

    Takahashi, Ryo

    Nobinobi Child- Raising Support Daycare for sick and recovering children I'm so busy with work lately. I for me? There are even home-based daycares that take children up to 2 years old. Home-based daycares Daycares that take children on weekends and holidays Daycares where you can reserve a place for after

  6. Investment in Child Quality over Marital States. Discussion Paper No. 1320-07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Meta; Flinn, Christopher J.

    2007-01-01

    Policies governing divorce and parenting, such as child support orders and enforcement, child custody regulations, and marital dissolution requirements, can have a large impact on the welfare of parents and children. Recent research has produced evidence on the responses of divorce rates to unilateral divorce laws and child support enforcement. In…

  7. Job retention in child welfare: Effects of perceived organizational support, supervisor support, and intrinsic job value

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda D. Smith

    2005-01-01

    This study uses a social exchange framework to address child welfare job retention. Data collected from an in-person survey of child welfare staff (Time 1) and staff retention information collected 15–17 months later (Time 2) were used to test hypotheses regarding the effects of extrinsic rewards, perceived organizational support, supervisor support, and intrinsic job value on job retention. Logistic regression

  8. 6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn -Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2

    E-print Network

    Fung, Benjamin C. M.

    6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn - Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2 Tags: Porn | Child pornography | child porn Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn ANI Jun 6, 2013, 05.31PM IST

  9. Parental report vs. child perception of familial support: which is more associated with child physical activity and television use?

    PubMed Central

    Barr-Anderson, Daheia J.; Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona; Haines, Jess; Hannan, Peter; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

    2010-01-01

    Background Parent-report and child perception of familial support for weight-related behaviors may not be congruent. This research explores whether parent-report or child perception is more strongly associated with child-reported physical activity and television (TV) use. Methods Elementary school children (n=73) participating in Ready. Set. Action!, a theatre-based obesity prevention pilot program in Saint Paul, MN, and their parents completed surveys assessing familial support for physical activity and limitations on TV use in fall 2006. Paired t-tests examined congruency between parent-report and child perception. Linear regression models adjusted for sociodemographics explored the associations between familial support and child-reported behavior. Results Levels of agreement between parent-report and child perception for support for physical activity and limitations on TV use were approximately 70%. Compared to parent-report for physical activity support, child perception was more strongly associated with child physical activity (?=.17, p=.02). Neither parent-report nor child perception for support for limitations on TV use was associated with child TV use. Discussion Although parent-report and child perception of familial support for physical activity and to limit TV use were similar, child perception was more strongly associated with child physical activity behavior. More research, probably qualitative, is needed to examine how parents and children define and perceive parental support. PMID:20551493

  10. Supportive expressive therapy--Parent child version: An exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Cummings, Joanne G; Wittenberg, Jean-Victor

    2008-06-01

    Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy--Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent's internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent-child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent-child play sessions followed by parent-therapist discussions. This exploratory study is the first randomized controlled study of SETPC. SET-PC was compared with the Incredible Years Parenting Program (IYPP; Webster-Stratton, 2001), an empirically supported group parent training intervention for child disruptive behavior. Treatment completers were 37 consecutive referrals of parent- child dyads (children ages 30-72 months) to an outpatient psychiatry clinic. SET-PC produced treatment outcomes that were equivalent to IYPP. Both treatments were associated with large effect sizes for decreases in externalizing behavior and for the positive quality of observed parent- child interactions and small effect sizes for improvements in parents' psychological functioning. Treatment gains were maintained at 1-year follow-up regardless of treatment condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22122414

  11. Explaining trends in child support: economic, demographic, and policy effects.

    PubMed

    Case, Anne C; Lin, I-Fen; McLanahan, Sara S

    2003-02-01

    We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine trends in the receipt of child support (and the determinants of trends) between 1968 and 1997. The findings suggest that political, demographic, and economic forces all exerted downward pressure on child-support payments during this 30-year period, with inflation, the shift to unilateral divorce, and declines in fertility and men's earnings being more important during the earlier years and decreases in men's earnings being more important during the later years. These negative forces were offset by the passage of new child-support legislation in the 1980s and 1990s, including numeric guidelines, universal withholding, and genetic testing. PMID:12647519

  12. Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Susan D.

    2010-01-01

    One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

  13. Parents' reasons and motivations for supporting their child's music training

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Yun Dai; Robin Schader

    2001-01-01

    Musical talent development in a child is a prolonged process requiring adult assistance of both large investments of time and financial resources. To understand the motivations of parents who support their children's music training, often initiating and sustaining it for a substantial period of time, a survey was sent to four music organizations on the east and west coasts. Parents

  14. Parents' Reasons and Motivations for Supporting Their Child's Music Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dai, David Yun; Schader, Robin

    2001-01-01

    Parents whose children were attending pre-college music programs (N=203) responded to 14 statements regarding reasons for supporting their child's music lessons. Parents generally reported more intrinsic than extrinsic reasons and expectations relating to the benefits of music training. Results are discussed in the context of cultural values and…

  15. Supporting the family after the death of a child.

    PubMed

    Wender, Esther

    2012-12-01

    The death of a child can have a devastating effect on the family. The pediatrician has an important role to play in supporting the parents and any siblings still in his or her practice after such a death. Pediatricians may be poorly prepared to provide this support. Also, because of the pain of confronting the grief of family members, they may be reluctant to become involved. This statement gives guidelines to help the pediatrician provide such support. It describes the grief reactions that can be expected in family members after the death of a child. Ways of supporting family members are suggested, and other helpful resources in the community are described. The goal of this guidance is to prevent outcomes that may impair the health and development of affected parents and children. PMID:23184104

  16. Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

    2011-01-01

    Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

  17. The impact of child support on cognitive outcomes of young children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura M. Argys; H. Elizabeth Peters; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Judith R. Smith

    1998-01-01

    We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child data to address three questions. First, does the receipt of child support\\u000a have beneficial effects for children with absent fathers apart from increasing income? Second, do the effects of child support\\u000a differ when child-support awards and payments are made cooperatively as opposed to being court ordered? Third, are any positive\\u000a effects of

  18. Arrests for child pornography production: data at two time points from a national sample of U.S. law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Wolak, Janis; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Jones, Lisa M

    2011-08-01

    This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000-2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for CP production more than doubled from an estimated 402 in 2000-2001 to an estimated 859 in 2006. Findings suggest the increase was related to increased law enforcement activity rather than to growth in the population of CP producers. Adolescent victims increased, but there was no increase in the proportion of arrest cases involving very young victims or violent images. Producers distributed images in 23% of arrest cases, a proportion that did not change over time. This suggests that much CP production may be primarily for private use. Proactive law enforcement operations increased, as did other features consistent with a robust law enforcement response. PMID:21788212

  19. Caregiver Social Support for Children Involved With Child Welfare: Correlates and Racial\\/Ethnic Variations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sunny Hyucksun Shin; Sungkyu Lee

    2011-01-01

    This study examined correlates of and racial\\/ethnic variations in social support for caregivers involved in child protective services. A subsample of caregivers and children from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) was used to examine whether sources and amount of social support for parents in child welfare would vary by race and ethnicity. The findings indicate that

  20. Computer Support of Placement Planning: The Use of Expert Systems in Child Welfare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuerman, John R.; Vogel, Lynn Harold

    1986-01-01

    Explores the potential usefulness of computers for social service practitioners in child welfare, using the "expert systems" model to support the placement planning process. Presents the structure of one experimental consulting program (PLACECON) for child welfare workers. (Author/HOD)

  1. CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    , the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child additional documentation, such as: · A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows

  2. Page 1 of 1 CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3)

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    , the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child may require additional documentation, such as: · A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree

  3. Absolute and relative support among citizen-voters for local law enforcement agencies: Correlates with selected dimensions of political ideology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesse C. Brown II

    1986-01-01

    During the last twenty years numerous studies have been published regarding public support for local law enforcement agencies.\\u000a These studies have typically focused on three determinants of support-the social status of the citizen, citizen fear or actual\\u000a victimization of crime, and the nature or frequency of citizen-police contacts.\\u000a \\u000a This somewhat exploratory research evaluates the impact of political ideology upon citizen

  4. Parental and Peer Contributions to the Emotional Support Skills of the Child: From Whom Do Children Learn to Express Support?

    E-print Network

    Burleson, Brant R.; Kunkel, Adrianne

    2002-01-01

    With advancing age, children increasingly turn to peers for emotional support, and the child's ability to provide sensitive emotional support to peers becomes an increasingly important predictor of social acceptance. Although individual differences...

  5. The racial foundations of whites' support for child saving.

    PubMed

    Pickett, Justin T; Chiricos, Ted; Gertz, Marc

    2014-03-01

    Scholars emphasize that attitudes toward rehabilitation and views about punitive polices are distinct phenomena with seemingly unique etiologies. However, few existing studies examine the sources of public views about juvenile rehabilitation, or "child saving," and none engage a measure of racial attitudes. At the same time, recent theoretical work implicates racial concerns as a central foundation of public opinion about youth justice. This paper thus provides the first assessment of whether whites' perceptions of the racial makeup of delinquents and animosities toward blacks are associated with their views about juvenile rehabilitation. Findings show that whites who more strongly associate delinquency with blacks and those who are racially resentful both tend to be less supportive-in absolute and relative terms-of rehabilitation. The results also suggest that contextual threat moderates the effect of racial typification of delinquency, but not that of racial resentment, on whites' views about rehabilitation. PMID:24468433

  6. How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Jerlean E.

    2012-01-01

    Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

  7. Social Support and Treatment Outcome in Behavioral Family Therapy for Child Conduct Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadds, Mark R.; McHugh, Therese A.

    1992-01-01

    Assessed role of social support in outcome of child management training (CMT) for single parents and assessed impact of adjunctive ally support training (AST) on treatment outcome. Single parents (n=22) with oppositional or conduct-disordered child received either CMT or CMT plus AST. Both groups improved, with changes maintained at followup; AST…

  8. Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Travel

    E-print Network

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Employee ID/Student ID Position Department Daytime Phone Email Campus address, including mail code Event/Coverage for Planned Care Employee Signature Signature Date #12;2 Child Care Support During Travel GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

  9. Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

  10. Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landsman, Miriam

    2007-01-01

    Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

  11. Residential Energy Code Technical Support: Training that Works for Enforcement Personnel

    E-print Network

    Bowman, J.

    1988-01-01

    . and the Model Energy Code. In addltlon to the WSEC. the Bonnevil le Power Adminl stration (BPA) sponsors the Model Conservation Standards (MCS) Early Adopter Program. Thl s program. which began In 1984. effectively tightens standards for electrlcall y... questions. The development of the hotl ine concept resulted and was a joint process of the BPA. WSEO. ICBO. and WABO. Slnce the program had positive implications for enforcement of energy efficient codes. BPA agreed to provide funding. WSEO's Energy...

  12. 75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ...could be assigned the role that allows her to provide...identify financial holdings of a noncustodial parent. Another authorized user might have access to the role that allows registration...orders. The establishment of the proposed new...

  13. 77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...sent a report of a Computer Matching Program to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs...include names, Social Security numbers, home addresses...Matching Program The computer matching agreement...

  14. 77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...sent a report of a Computer Matching Program to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs...include names, Social Security numbers, home addresses...Matching Program The computer matching agreement...

  15. 75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...sent a report of a Computer Matching Program to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs...include names, Social Security numbers, and employment...Matching Program The computer matching agreement...

  16. 75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...sent a report of a Computer Matching Program to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs...include names, Social Security numbers, home addresses...Matching Program The computer matching agreement...

  17. 77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...sent a report of a Computer Matching Program to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs...include names, Social Security numbers, home addresses...Matching Program The computer matching agreement...

  18. Case Studies of Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities: Travel and Field Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Uriel; And Others

    This report describes and evaluates 50 facilities and settings for play, child care, and early childhood development. Objectives of the research were to (1) sensitize the U.S. Army to the role of the physical environment in child play, care and development; (2) comparatively document and assess a sample of both military and civilian care…

  19. Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bartfeld, Judi.

    The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

  20. Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

    2005-01-01

    We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

  1. The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

    2011-01-01

    We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

  2. Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2009-01-01

    This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

  3. The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

  4. Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

    2010-01-01

    This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

  5. Child Depressive Symptoms, Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences between African American and European American Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie-Mizell, C. Andre; Pryor, Erin M.; Grossman, Elizabeth R. B.

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Mother and Child samples, we explored the relationships among child and adolescent depressive symptoms, spanking, and emotional support offered to youth. We present cross-sectional and change models for both African Americans and European Americans. Findings showed that regardless of race,…

  6. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  7. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  8. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  9. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  10. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  11. The effect of child support on welfare exits and re-entries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chien-Chung Huang; James Kunz; Irwin Garfinkel

    2002-01-01

    Much of the literature on welfare dynamics has focused on the effects of recipient characteristics and state-level characteristics such as welfare benefits and economic conditions; there has been very little analysis on the effects of child support. This paper, using the 1979-1996 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, examines whether child support affects the likelihood of leaving and re-entering welfare. The

  12. Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.

    PubMed

    Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

  13. Stress, Social Support, and Workers' Intentions to Leave Their Jobs in Public Child Welfare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan A. Nissly; Michàl E. Mor Barak; Amy Levin

    2005-01-01

    The present study examined the relationships among stress, social support, and intention to leave in 418 public child welfare workers. Workers with higher levels of stress were more likely to think about leaving, while those receiving greater social support were less likely. Social support did not buffer the effects of organizational stress, but had some effect in buffering the effects

  14. Rev. 02/2013 Has one of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012?

    E-print Network

    Rhode Island, University of

    , the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child: A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support

  15. Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, Lisa A.

    2014-01-01

    Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

  16. Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

    2010-01-01

    This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

  17. Harmonic biases in child learners: In support of language universals.

    PubMed

    Culbertson, Jennifer; Newport, Elissa L

    2015-06-01

    A fundamental question for cognitive science concerns the ways in which languages are shaped by the biases of language learners. Recent research using laboratory language learning paradigms, primarily with adults, has shown that structures or rules that are common in the languages of the world are learned or processed more easily than patterns that are rare or unattested. Here we target child learners, investigating a set of biases for word order learning in the noun phrase studied by Culbertson, Smolensky, and Legendre (2012) in college-age adults. We provide the first evidence that child learners exhibit a preference for typologically common harmonic word order patterns-those which preserve the order of the head with respect to its complements-validating the psychological reality of a principle formalized in many different linguistic theories. We also discuss important differences between child and adult learners in terms of both the strength and content of the biases at play during language learning. In particular, the bias favoring harmonic patterns is markedly stronger in children than adults, and children (unlike adults) acquire adjective ordering more readily than numeral ordering. The results point to the importance of investigating learning biases across development in order to understand how these biases may shape the history and structure of natural languages. PMID:25800352

  18. Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.

    PubMed

    Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

    2012-01-01

    This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

  19. To What Extent Do Children Benefit from Child Support? Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

    This study examines the extent to which children enjoy regular contact and financial support from their noncustodial parents. It also looks at the extent to which children who have a parent living elsewhere and their custodians are financially dependent on child support. Data are from the National Survey of America's Families. In this survey, data…

  20. Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms: Does Perceived Social Support Play a Buffering Role?

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Sarah E.; Steel, Anne; DiLillo, David

    2013-01-01

    Objectives The current study investigates the moderating effect of perceived social support on associations between child maltreatment severity and adult trauma symptoms. We extend the existing literature by examining the roles of severity of multiple maltreatment types (i.e., sexual, physical, and emotional abuse; physical and emotional neglect) and gender in this process. Methods The sample included 372 newlywed individuals recruited from marriage license records. Participants completed a number of self-report questionnaires measuring the nature and severity of child maltreatment history, perceived social support from friends and family, and trauma-related symptoms. These questionnaires were part of a larger study, investigating marital and intrapersonal functioning. We conducted separate, two-step hierarchical multiple regression models for perceived social support from family and perceived social support from friends. In each of these models, total trauma symptomatology was predicted from each child maltreatment severity variable, perceived social support, and the product of the two variables. In order to examine the role of gender, we conducted separate analyses for women and men. Results As hypothesized, increased severity of several maltreatment types (sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and physical neglect) predicted greater trauma symptoms for both women and men, and increased physical abuse severity predicted greater trauma symptoms for women. Perceived social support from both family and friends predicted lower trauma symptoms across all levels of maltreatment for men. For women, greater perceived social support from friends, but not from family, predicted decreased trauma symptoms. Finally, among women, perceived social support from family interacted with child maltreatment such that, as the severity of maltreatment (physical and emotional abuse, emotional neglect) increased, the buffering effect of perceived social support from family on trauma symptoms diminished. Conclusions The results of the current study shed new light on the potential for social support to shield individuals against long-term trauma symptoms, and suggest the importance of strengthening perceptions of available social support when working with adult survivors of child maltreatment. PMID:23623620

  1. Why Do Child-Directed Interactions Support Imitative Learning in Young Children?

    PubMed Central

    Shneidman, Laura; Todd, Roisleen; Woodward, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Child-directed cues support imitation of novel actions at 18 months, but not at two years of age. The current studies explore the mechanisms that underlie the propensity that children have to copy others at 18 months, and how the value of child-directed communication changes over development. We ask if attentional allocation accounts for children's failure to imitate observed actions at 18 months, and their success at two years of age, and we explore the informational value child-directed contexts may provide across ontogeny. Eighteen-month-old (Study 1) and two-year-old (Study 2) children viewed causally non-obvious actions performed by child-directed (Study 1 & 2), observed (Study 1 & 2), or non-interactive (Study 2) actors, and their visual attention and imitative behaviors were assessed. Results demonstrated that child-directed contexts supported imitative learning for 18-month-old children, independent of their effects on proximal attention. However, by two years of age, neither directness nor communication between social partners was a necessary condition for supporting social imitation. These findings suggest that developmental changes in children's propensity to extract information from observation cannot be accounted for by changes in children's interpretation of what counts as child-directed information, and are likely not due to changes in how children allocate attention to observed events. PMID:25333623

  2. Community Notification: Perceptions of Its Effectiveness in Preventing Child Sexual Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redlich, Allison D.

    2001-01-01

    Megan's law enables law enforcement to notify communities when convicted sex offenders reside in their neighborhoods. Investigates community members', law enforcement officials', and law students' attitudes toward community notification and other child abuse prevention measures. The groups significantly differed in support of Megan's Law and…

  3. Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

    2012-01-01

    The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

  4. Cohesion from Conflict: Does Intergroup Conflict Motivate Intragroup Norm Enforcement and Support for Centralized Leadership?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benard, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Classic work suggests that intergroup conflict increases intragroup cohesion and cooperation. But how do group members respond when their peers refuse to cooperate? Simmel ([1908] 1955) argued that groups in conflict quell dissent by sanctioning group members and supporting centralized leadership systems. This claim has important implications, but…

  5. Enforcement Alert

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in their effort to keep the public informed, created this newsletter to "inform and educate the public and regulated community of important environmental enforcement issues, recent trends and significant enforcement actions."

  6. Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessica Wood Rivers; Zolinda Stoneman

    2003-01-01

    Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationship than were the siblings themselves. As hypothesized, stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling relationships. Informal social support buffered the deleterious effects

  7. Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

    2008-01-01

    The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

  8. The Relationship between Family Education and Support Services and Parent and Child Outcomes over Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kutash, Krista; Garraza, Lucas Godoy; Ferron, John M.; Duchnowski, Albert J.; Walrath, Christine; Green, Amy L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the use of family education and support (FES) services by examining the longitudinal trajectories of FES receipt and multiple domains of child and family functioning. Using an extant data set of more than 9,000 youth and their caregivers, results indicate that families who…

  9. Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tumbarello, Natasha

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

  10. Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung

    2009-01-01

    Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

  11. Multiple Families, Multiple Goals, Multiple Failures: The Need for “Limited Equalization” as a Theory of Child Support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrienne Jennings Lockie

    2009-01-01

    Current child support laws are based on flawed assumptions about families that fail to reflect family complexity and the realities of parenting. Further, there has been little reevaluation of the stated goals of child support law since they were first implemented thirty years ago. The stated goals — fiscal savings, children’s economic well-being, and parental involvement — have not been

  12. Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study

    PubMed Central

    Lindsey, Michael A.; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J. Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M.; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B.

    2012-01-01

    Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?2 = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

  13. Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study.

    PubMed

    Lindsey, Michael A; Gilreath, Tamika D; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B

    2012-05-01

    Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?(2) = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

  14. Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

    2013-01-01

    Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment. PMID:23562083

  15. The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Snyder, Elizabeth H; Lawrence, C Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A

    2012-04-01

    North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service's Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

  16. The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

    2013-01-01

    North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

  17. Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine C. Driscoll; Robert C. Pianta

    2010-01-01

    Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher–child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation techniques. The study examined Banking Time effects in relation to changes in

  18. Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleer, Marilyn

    1996-06-01

    Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

  19. Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana-Maria Vranceanu; Stevan E. Hobfoll; Robert J. Johnson

    2007-01-01

    ObjectiveThis retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

  20. Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

  1. Inadequate child supervision: The role of alcohol outlet density, parent drinking behaviors, and social support.

    PubMed

    Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle; Kepple, Nancy J

    2014-08-01

    Supervisory neglect, or the failure of a caregiver to appropriately supervise a child, is one of the predominant types of neglectful behaviors, with alcohol use being considered a key antecedent to inadequate supervision of children. The current study builds on previous work by examining the role of parental drinking and alcohol outlet densities while controlling for caregiver and child characteristics. Data were obtained from 3,023 participants via a telephone survey from 50 cities throughout California. The telephone survey included items on neglectful parenting practices, drinking behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics. Densities of alcohol outlets were measured for each of the 202 zip codes in the study. Multilevel Bernoulli models were used to analyze the relationship between four supervisory neglect parenting practices and individual-level and zip code-level variables. In our study, heavy drinking was only significantly related to one of our four outcome variables (leaving a child where he or she may not be safe). The density of on premise alcohol outlets was positively related to leaving a child home alone when an adult should be present. This study demonstrates that discrete relationships exist between alcohol related variables, social support, and specific supervisory neglect subtypes at the ecological and individual levels. PMID:25061256

  2. Please use this map as a guide on the road to finding services and supports for your child and family

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Immunizations, lead testing, fluoride supplements, child passenger safety seat grant program · WIC -Women programs including Family Support, Birth to Three, Medicaid/BadgerCare, Foodshare, WIC and many others

  3. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  4. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  5. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  7. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

  8. Improving the retention of child welfare workers by strengthening skills and increasing support for supervisors.

    PubMed

    Renner, Lynette M; Porter, Rebecca L; Preister, Steven

    2009-01-01

    Increasingly, effective supervision has been found to be critical in the retention of child welfare workers. In 2006 the State of Missouri Children's Division implemented a supervisory strategic plan to concentrate on supervisory training and effectiveness, with the expectation that emphasis on supervision would improve the retention of frontline workers. Using annual responses to the survey of organizational excellence and retention data, this study examines perceptions of child welfare workers and supervisors on three workplace constructs. Analyses support hypotheses that retention of workers improved in the year following the implementation of the supervisory plan, and measures of supervisor effectiveness, team effectiveness, and job satisfaction also increased. Explanations of primary findings are provided and implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:20187565

  9. Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiderman, Ethel

    2009-01-01

    Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

  10. Where Copyright Enforcement and Net Neutrality Collide - How the EU Telecoms Package Supports Two Corporate Political Agendas for the Internet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monica Horten

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses a change to European Union (EU) telecoms law which de facto permits operators to impose restrictions on network traffic, and which enables such restrictions to be imposed for the purposes of copyright enforcement—thus it simultaneously facilitates two different policy agendas from the copyright and telecoms industries—‘three-strikes’ as well as ‘traffic management.’ The mechanism is a provision concerning

  11. More than a Work Support? Issues around Integrating Child Development Goals into the Child Care Subsidy System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Gina; Rohacek, Monica

    2002-01-01

    Describes current approaches to child care subsidies and identifies several issues and opportunities facing those who want to integrate a stronger child development focus into the subsidy system. Concludes with a discussion of important questions for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers to help the subsidy system achieve a better balance…

  12. Mechanical Circulatory Support of the Critically Ill Child Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Gazit, Avihu Z; Gandhi, Sanjiv K; C Canter, Charles

    2010-01-01

    The majority of children awaiting heart transplantation require inotropic support, mechanical ventilation, and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Unfortunately, due to the limited pool of organs, many of these children do not survive to transplant. Mechanical circulatory support of the failing heart in pediatrics is a new and rapidly developing field world-wide. It is utilized in children with acute congestive heart failure associated with congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis, both as a bridge to transplantation and as a bridge to myocardial recovery. The current arsenal of mechanical assist devices available for children is limited to ECMO, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, centrifugal pump ventricular assist devices, the DeBakey ventricular assist device Child; the Thoratec ventricular assist device; and the Berlin Heart. In the spring of 2004, five contracts were awarded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to support preclinical development for a range of pediatric ventricular assist devices and similar circulatory support systems. The support of early development efforts provided by this program is expected to yield several devices that will be ready for clinical trials within the next few years. Our work reviews the current international experience with mechanical circulatory support in children and summarizes our own experience since 2005 with the Berlin Heart, comparing the indications for use, length of support, and outcome between these modalities. PMID:21286278

  13. 20 CFR 410.587 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. 410.587 Section 410.587 Employees...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. If current maintenance needs...dependent child, or a legally dependent parent of the beneficiary. [37 FR...

  14. The Fair Labor Standards Act. Enforcement of Child Labor Provisions in Massachusetts. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    During 1987, investigations of 113 cases of alleged or suspected child labor violations at Massachusetts business establishments were conducted. Thirteen (38 percent) of these were randomly selected for review. Compliance officers in the Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division substantiated child labor violations in 9 of the 13 cases. A total…

  15. Qualified medical child support orders--California health insurance coverage assignment orders--national medical support notices: what's a plan administrator to do?

    PubMed

    Coleman, J B; Storke, C A

    2000-06-01

    Many employer-sponsored health plans and multi-employer health benefit trusts have seen an increase in medical child support orders (MCSOs), and they can anticipate receiving a greater number in the future. Once regulations are final for the national medical support notice (NMSN) required by the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998, plans should also begin receiving these. In preparation, plan administrators should ensure that they have proper procedures in place for determining whether MCSOs and NMSNs constitute QMCSOs. PMID:10947309

  16. Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

  17. Social support, collective efficacy, and child physical abuse: does parent gender matter?

    PubMed

    Price-Wolf, Jennifer

    2015-05-01

    Social support and collective efficacy are related to child physical abuse. However, little is known about whether these relationships differ by gender, although mothers and fathers differ in the quantity and quality of time spent with children. This study examined whether the relationship between social support, collective efficacy, and physical abuse is stronger for mothers than fathers. Telephone interviews were conducted with parent respondents in 50 California cities (N = 3,023). Data were analyzed via overdispersed multi-level Poisson models. Results suggest that high levels of emotional support were inversely associated with physical abuse for women and men, although this effect was stronger for women. High levels of companionship support were positively associated with physical abuse for women; however, the opposite was true for men. There were no significant interactions between collective efficacy variables and gender. The relationships between some types of social support and physical abuse appear to vary for men and women suggesting possibilities for more targeted intervention. PMID:25520320

  18. Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.

    PubMed

    Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

    2014-06-01

    We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

  19. Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Depression for Ethnic Minority Adolescent Mothers: Impact on Child Development

    PubMed Central

    Costeines, Jessica; Ayala, Carmen; Kaufman, Joy S.

    2013-01-01

    Rates of teenage pregnancies are higher for African American and Latina adolescents compared to their White peers. African American and Latina adolescent mothers also experience more adversities than their White peers, such as higher rates of depression, school dropout, and economic disadvantage. Furthermore, children of adolescent mothers are at higher risk for adverse development. Parenting stress and social support can impact outcomes experienced by adolescent parents and their children. The present study examined the influence of adolescent mothers' parenting stress and perceived social support on maternal depression at baseline (six months after birth), and its impact on infant development one year later (18 months after birth). Participants were 180 adolescent mothers of African American or Latino/Hispanic descent. Results suggest that higher levels of parenting stress and less perceived social support were associated with higher levels of depression in the adolescent mothers at baseline. Higher levels of maternal depression were also associated with more developmental delays in infants one year post-baseline. Additionally, depression mediated the relationship between parenting stress and later child outcomes. These findings highlight the importance of examining parenting factors such as parenting stress, social support, and maternal depression in ethnic minority adolescent parents, and provide valuable information regarding unique risk and protective factors associated with positive maternal outcomes for ethnic minority adolescent parents and healthy development for their children. PMID:24653641

  20. Certification/enforcement analysis

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-06-01

    Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

  1. Supporting Families and Children of Mothers in Jail: An Integrated Child Welfare and Criminal Justice Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Pamela Covington

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the needs of incarcerated mothers for child welfare services. Explores why working with women in jail and their children is within the scope of the child welfare system's mandate. Describes pressures on criminal justice and child welfare systems that prevent either from working effectively with these families; suggests a collaborative…

  2. Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

  3. Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

    2010-01-01

    It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

  4. Identifying rare-variant associations in parent-child trios using a Gaussian support vector machine.

    PubMed

    Lu, Ake T; Cantor, Rita M

    2014-01-01

    As the availability of cost-effective high-throughput sequencing technology increases, genetic research is beginning to focus on identifying the contributions of rare variants (RVs) to complex traits. Using RVs to detect associated genes requires statistical approaches that mitigate the lack of power with the analysis of single RVs. Here we report the development and application of an approach that aggregates and evaluates the transmissions of RVs in parent-child trios. An initial score that incorporates the distortion in transmission of the observed RVs from the parents to their offspring is calculated for each variant. The scores are analyzed using a support vector machine that handles these data by mapping the transmission distortion of the multiple RVs into a one-dimensional score in a nonlinear fashion when parent-child trios with affected and nonaffected children are contrasted. We refer to this approach as Trio-SVM. A total of 275 trios were available in the Genetic Analysis Workshop 18 data for analysis. Because of their nonindependence and the extended linkage disequilibrium (LD) within pedigrees, Trio-SVM was vulnerable to type I errors in detecting association. Using the GAW18 data with simulated trait values, Trio-SVM has an appropriate type I error, but it lacks power with a sample of 267 trios. Larger samples of 500 to 1000 trios, derived from combining the simulated data, provided sufficient power. Two chromosome 3 candidate genes were tested in the real GAW18 data with Trio-SVM, and they showed marginal associations with hypertension. PMID:25519420

  5. 75 FR 5614 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ...the (1) Personnel Security Activities Management System; (2) Integrated Security Management System; (3) DHSAccessGate System; (4) Automated...System; (6) Federal Protective Service Information Support Tracking System (FISTS)...

  6. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

  7. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

  8. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

  9. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

  10. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that is not a...

  11. A life enriching togetherness--meanings of informal support when being a parent of a child with disability.

    PubMed

    Lindblad, Britt-Marie; Holritz-Rasmussen, Birgit; Sandman, Per-Olof

    2007-06-01

    The majority of children affected by disability are cared for at home by their parents. It is well documented in research literature that the parents are in need of professional support. In the striving to improve the professional caring, it is also important to deepen our understanding about the meaning of informal support from the perspective of parents' life world. The aim of this study was to illuminate the meanings of lived experience of informal support, when being a parent of a child affected by disability. Thirteen parents, eight mothers and five fathers within eight families, participated in narrative interviews, which were analysed by using a phenomenological-hermeneutic method. The meanings resulted in three themes: 'being gratified by experiences of the child as having a natural place in relation with others', 'being provided a room for sorrow and joy' and 'being enabled to live an eased and spontaneous daily life'. These themes emanated from the experiences of other persons' being and doing in relation to the parents, the child affected by disability and the siblings. According to our interpretation, informal support means a life enriching togetherness, the core of which is natural human caring. The findings also showed that parents highly valued professional support concerning informal supporters. PMID:17559443

  12. Parent-child interaction therapy: application of an empirically supported treatment to maltreated children in foster care.

    PubMed

    Timmer, Susan G; Urquiza, Anthony J; Herschell, Amy D; McGrath, Jean M; Zebell, Nancy M; Porter, Alissa L; Vargas, Eric C

    2006-01-01

    One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health outcomes. Interventions that work with challenging foster children and enhance foster parents' skills in managing problem behaviors are necessary. This article presents the successful results of a single case study examining the application of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with an aggressive young boy and his foster-adoptive parent. PCIT is a dyadic intervention that has been identified as an empirically supported treatment for abused children and for children with different types of behavioral disruption. The application of PCIT to assist foster parents is a promising direction for child welfare services. PMID:17305042

  13. Child Safety Curriculum Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

    This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

  14. [Analyze skills and competencies in maternal and child health to drive and support change].

    PubMed

    Nagels, Marc; Letoret, Anne

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this action-research is to help support the development of competencies for nineteen professionals from service units providing maternal and child health care (PMI) in the Côtes-d'Armor and to propose a frame of reference for skills developed through an analysis of their activities. In this study, the use of the self-confrontation method consists in organizing three 90 minute sequences of activity analysis, specifically to measure self-efficacy, before and after the action performed. According to socio-cognitive theory, the capacity to acquire competencies depends partly on achieving a high level of self-efficacy at work. The activity analysis led to the formulation of a reference framework of core skills and competencies assumed by and distributed to the various teams; it also led to higher scores in self-efficacy. The expected results from a managerial perspective are the remobilization of teams, collaboration between professionals, development of skills, professional autonomy and improved service quality. In the medical and social sector, activity analysis has found a new scope and field of application, with the purpose to promote professionalism and effective management of teams. PMID:20441624

  15. Special Issues in Child Care: Supporting Infants Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Ginger L.; Mullins, Sharon M.

    2007-01-01

    Infants and children with prenatal drug exposure and/or a caregiver with a substance abuse problem participate in child care centers and homes throughout the United States. Thus, child care providers are in a position to monitor not only the need for physical, cognitive, or behavioral early intervention, but also to collaborate with parents on…

  16. Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoll, Susan M.

    2011-01-01

    Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

  17. Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

    2011-01-01

    For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

  18. An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

    2011-01-01

    Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

  19. Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

  20. Beyond the Simple Model of Child Care Facilities: Support Spaces for Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenman, Jim

    2006-01-01

    The age of child care building on a wide scale really began in the 1970s. Before that, there had been a history of day nurseries going back to the turn of the century and Lanham Act centers during World War II to provide care for "Rosie the Riveter" mothers in the work force. The "purpose built" child care center was an economical box with almost…

  1. Child Exploitation: Some Pieces of the Puzzle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rohlader, Dorothy

    The report addresses the status in North Carolina and in the nation of child exploitation. Legislative and judicial backgrounds of child pornography and child prostitution are reviewed, and difficulties in obtaining statistical data are noted. Law enforcement issues in pornography are cited, and suggestions for further legislation regarding child

  2. A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.

    PubMed

    Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

    2014-10-01

    The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

  3. Formal supports improve QOL for parents of children with disabilities : systematic review; and, Mothers caring for a child with a disability require dynamic, tailored support services to return to paid work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sylvana Pasini

    2011-01-01

    Parents caring for a child with a disability (PCCD) may experience adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) due to role demands, hence it is important to evaluate available support services. This paper aims to systematically review current research examining the impact of formally provided, parent-focused emotional or informational interventions on QOL for parents caring for a child with a

  4. Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

    2010-01-01

    Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

  5. Emerging effortful control in infancy and toddlerhood and maternal support: A child driven or parent driven model?

    PubMed

    Li, Ishien; Pawan, Ciwas; Stansbury, Kathy

    2014-05-01

    This study examined the association between children's temperamental characteristics of rudimentary effortful control (EC) and mothers' supportive reactions to their children's negative emotions in infancy and toddler period. One hundred and fifty eight (78 girls) Taiwanese children's EC was assessed at 12 and 24 months with mothers' report on the very short-form scales of Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) respectively. The mothers also completed questionnaires to assess their comforting behaviors at 12 months and both comforting and cognitive assistance to their children's expression of negative emotions when the child was 24 months old. A structural model was used to examine within- and across-time relations between children's EC and the maternal support. The results showed continuity of EC related temperament from infancy to toddlerhood and the 12-month rudimentary EC positively predicted mothers' comforting and cognitive assistance at 24 months, suggesting that mothers modulate their use of support in accordance with their prior knowledge of their children's regulatory capacities. The results indicated an influence of infants' temperament on adult behaviors, supporting potential evocative child effects on mothers' emotion coaching behaviors. PMID:24607991

  6. Caregiving in the Philippines: a quantitative survey on adult-child caregivers' perceptions of burden, stressors, and social support.

    PubMed

    Varona, Rachel; Saito, Tami; Takahashi, Miyako; Kai, Ichiro

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to describe the present caregiving situation of Filipino adult-child caregivers (CGs) particularly aiming to identify the predictors of CG burden and to assess the effect of social support on stressors and perception of burden. A cross-sectional survey employing face-to-face interviews with 193 adult-child CGs in Davao City, Philippines, measured the perception of burden using the Cost of Care Index (CCI) by Kosberg and Cairl. Results indicated the majority were daughter CGs living with their elderly parents, who were receiving high levels of informal social support. A moderate to high level of burden perception (mean+/-S.D. score of 47.0+/-9.1) was found among respondents. CGs with higher educational attainment showed low burden perception. However, higher family income and higher State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) anxiety scores were associated with higher burden perception. Also, longer caregiving hours, a male care recipient (CR), and the presence of CR's memory and behavior problems predicted higher CG burden. The interaction between stressors and perceived burden showed that social support provided a buffering effect for CGs experiencing higher burden perception. This suggests that respite and support resources including community-based counseling and education programs to assist CGs in dealing with stress may positively contribute to reduce burden. PMID:16982103

  7. Child's Play.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milshtein, Amy

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

  8. Child marriage in Bangladesh: trends and determinants.

    PubMed

    Kamal, S M Mostafa; Hassan, Che Hashim; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Ying, Yang

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the trends and determinants of child marriage among women aged 20-49 in Bangladesh. Data were extracted from the last six nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys conducted during 1993-2011. Simple cross-tabulation and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were adopted. According to the survey conducted in 2011, more than 75% of marriages can be categorized as child marriages. This is a decline of 10 percentage points in the prevalence of child marriage compared with the survey conducted in 1993-1994. Despite some improvements in education and other socioeconomic indicators, Bangladeshi society still faces the relentless practice of early marriage. The mean age at first marriage has increased by only 1.4 years over the last one and half decades, from 14.3 years in 1993-1994 to 15.7 years in 2011. Although the situation on risk of child marriage has improved over time, the pace is sluggish. Both the year-of-birth and year-of-marriage cohorts of women suggest that the likelihood of marrying as a child has decreased significantly in recent years. The risk of child marriage was significantly higher when husbands had no formal education or little education, and when the wives were unemployed or unskilled workers. Muslim women living in rural areas have a greater risk of child marriage. Women's education level was the single most significant negative determinant of child marriage. Thus, the variables identified as important determinants of child marriage are: education of women and their husbands, and women's occupation, place of residence and religion. Programmes to help and motivate girls to stay in school will not only reduce early marriage but will also support overall societal development. The rigid enforcement of the legal minimum age at first marriage could be critical in decreasing child marriage. PMID:24480489

  9. Supporting Children's Participation in Finnish Child Care Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venninen, Tuulikki; Leinonen, Jonna; Lipponen, Lasse; Ojala, Mikko

    2014-01-01

    Children's participation in the early childhood education context is a multidimensional issue and educators have a significant role in enhancing participation. In this paper, we focus on the existing challenges to children's participation and the ways that child care educators can work as teams to meet those challenges. The data were…

  10. An Evaluation of the Child and Parent Support Service within the Magherafelt and Cookstown Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Huw; Boland, Vikki; Gilliland, David; McKernan, Bronagh; Shields, Liz

    2007-01-01

    This article explores the interface between adult mental health issues and child development. It refers to the literature on the impact of parental mental health difficulties on children's developmental trajectories. The article then describes a pilot scheme involving a partnership between the Northern Ireland Association of Mental Health and…

  11. COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

    2005-01-01

    Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

  12. Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Next, 2007

    2007-01-01

    With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

  13. A Model of Children's Adjustment: Child-Peer Group Fit, Peer Relations, and Peer Social Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East, Patricia L.; Lerner, Richard M.

    Using longitudinal data on 101 sixth-graders who participated in the Pennsylvania Early Adolescent Transitions Study, the following two hypotheses were tested by means of path analysis: (1) the goodness of fit between a child's temperamental characteristics and the temperamental preferences held by the peer group is instrumental in determining a…

  14. Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulsey, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

  15. Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

    2006-01-01

    School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

  16. Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Tweety

    2011-01-01

    One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

  17. Supporting Military Parent and Child Adjustment to Deployments and Separations With Filial Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neelu Chawla; Monica Solinas-Saunders

    2011-01-01

    Parental deployment can have a significant impact on children's psychological, behavioral, and physical well-being. Although most children are resilient, researchers agree that long periods of separation might be a significant source of stress for parents and children in military families. This paper provides a review of the literature of the effects of parental military deployment on child well-being and the

  18. Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation

    SciTech Connect

    Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

    1988-05-01

    The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

  19. The developmental–ecological approach of Japanese child welfare professionals to supporting children's social and emotional well-being: The practice of mimamori

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sachiko Bamba; Wendy Haight

    2009-01-01

    This paper illustrates a cultural–developmental approach to the study of child welfare. It describes in cultural context everyday socialization beliefs and practices through which Japanese child welfare workers attempt to support the well-being of maltreated children. Through repeated individual and focus group interviews, naturalistic observations, and an intervention, three interrelated concepts emerged: Ibasho (a place necessary to psychological well-being where

  20. Theoretical and Judicial Practice Aspects Regarding the Supporting Obligation Between Parents and Child in the Regulation of the Family Code and the New Civil Code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alin-Gheorghe Gavrilescu

    2010-01-01

    Regarded in its finality, that of assuring the material conditions to fulfill the child's growth, education and professional training liabilities, parent's obligation to support him represents one of the specific duties that give a form to the judicial institution of parental care. Specific requirement of children support by parents or adopter is that the state of need of the minor

  1. African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

  2. Child Support Grant access and receipt among 12-week-old infants in an urban township setting in South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Zembe-Mkabile, Wanga; Doherty, Tanya; Sanders, David; Jackson, Debra

    2014-01-01

    Background Cash transfers (CTs) are increasingly used as a strategy to alleviate poverty and improve child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. The Child Support Grant (CSG) is the largest CT programme in South Africa, and on the continent, targeting poor children from birth until the age of 18 with a monthly sum of R300 (USD30). Evidence on the CSG shows that early receipt of the grant is associated with improved child health outcomes. Since its implementation, one of the major concerns about the grant has been take-up rates, particularly for younger children. This paper reports results on take-up rates for 12-week-old infants residing in an urban township in South Africa. Methods This is a descriptive study utilising data from a community-based, cluster-randomised trial which evaluated a programme providing pregnancy and post-natal home visits by community health workers to 3,494 mothers in Umlazi township, South Africa. Results At the 12-week visit, half (52%) of the mothers who had enrolled in the study had applied for the CSG on behalf of their children, while 85% of the mothers who had not applied were still planning to apply. Only 38% (1,327) of all children had received the CSG. Conclusions In this study, many mothers had not applied for the CSG in the first few months after delivery, and only a third of children had accessed the grant. Further research is needed to understand what the current barriers are that prevent mothers from applying for this important form of social protection in the early months after delivery. PMID:25160516

  3. Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

    2012-07-01

    Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

  4. Behavioral support to parents through a cellular-phone website that provides the degree of urgency for medical attention of a child.

    PubMed

    Iwasawa, Mariko; Miyahara, Jyutaro; Noriaki, Terasawa; Nozue, Hiroki; Sumazaki, Ryo

    2013-01-01

    When a child suddenly falls ill, the child's family assesses if medical attention is required immediately. However, even in case of minor illnesses, it is not possible to approach a medical institution after consultation hours, and the burden on doctors from overtime-emergency medical examinations becomes a social problem. This study proposes the use of a cellular-phone website that provides information about the degree of urgency for medical attention to parents, who can choose the child's symptoms on the cellular-phone website regardless of the time or place. Therefore, through this study, parents experimentally evaluated the cellular-phone website; also, the effectiveness of this method as a behavioral support for parents was also evaluated. When an advice about the degree of urgency for a child's treatment was taken from the cellular-phone website, the parents felt relieved. Thus, the distress faced by pediatricians may change completely. PMID:23920889

  5. Federal Law Enforcement Statistics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    U.S. Department of Justice

    Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

  6. Internet parent support groups for primary caregivers of a child with special health care needs.

    PubMed

    Baum, Lynda S

    2004-01-01

    Little is known about the efficacy of Internet Parent Support Groups (IPSGs). This exploratory study describes factors related to use of Internet Parent Support Groups (IPSGs) by primary caregivers of Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN). An Internet survey was administered to 114 participants using stress and coping theory as a guide for measuring perceived satisfaction, stressors, social support, personal characteristics, appraisal, positive and negative emotion, coping, timing, somatic health, physical functioning, family relationships, and well-being. The majority of participants not only obtained what they sought, but found more than expected in terms of insight and people to trust. The strongest outcome factor related to satisfaction was improved caregiver-CSHCN relationship, and nearly 90% of the sample suggested participating in an IPSG as soon as possible. Nurses may want to consider IPSGs as an adjunct for social support in this population. PMID:15587531

  7. Support Guidelines.com

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

  8. Latino families with a child with prader-willi syndrome: exploring needs for support.

    PubMed

    Chaij, Carina; Han, Meekyung; Graziano, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex, genetically based disorder; caring for a family member with a disability such as PWS brings significant challenges to the whole family. However, no research has been conducted focusing on the impact of PWS in the dynamics of Latino families. This qualitative study explored the challenges and need for support services among Latino families of children with PWS. Findings of the study suggest the need for support services geared toward the whole family unit to help members cope with daily challenges at home. PMID:24811683

  9. Pollution prevention through enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    Failure to comply with US Environmental Protection Agency regulations bears costs. However, through US EPA's toxics enforcement efforts, a company not only learns about preventing pollution, but has a chance to apply it as a way of reducing its penalty. Two methods are employed in enforcing EPA regulations. First, a settlement is made which requires the defendant to use pollution

  10. Indian Law Enforcement History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etheridge, David

    Written as a tribute to American Indian law enforcement officers and the Indian Criminal Justice System, this monographh details the history of the legislative, judicial, financial, and cultural problems associated with the development of Indian law enforcement. Citing numerous court cases, pieces of legislation, and individual and organizational…

  11. Enforceable security policies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fred B. Schneider

    2000-01-01

    A precise characterization is given for the class of security policies enforceable with mechanisms that work by monitoring system execution, and automata are introduced for specifying exactly that class of security policies. Techniques to enforce security policies specified by such automata are also discussed.

  12. Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

    2011-01-01

    Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

  13. Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

  14. Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

  15. Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, James

    2011-01-01

    From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

  16. The Impact of Child, Family, and Professional Support Characteristics on the Quality of Life in Families of Young Children with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Kate; Gavidia-Payne, Susana

    2009-01-01

    Background: Families of young children with disabilities are faced with ongoing challenges that impact various aspects of family life. Given the increasing emphasis on promoting positive outcomes in these families, the overall aim of the current study was to examine the contribution of child, family, and support characteristics to the quality of…

  17. Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonio, Chad

    2009-01-01

    Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

  18. A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

    2008-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

  19. Law enforcement officers' acceptance of advanced e-government technology: a survey study of COPLNK mobile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Jen-Hwa Hu; Hsinchun Chen; Han-Fen Hu

    2009-01-01

    Timely information access and effective knowledge support is crucial to law enforcement officers' crime fighting and investigations. An expanding array of e-government initiatives target the development of advanced information technologies and their deployment in law enforcement agencies. Abase in point is COPLINK, an integrated system that provides law enforcement officers with timely data access, effective information support, integrated knowledge sharing,

  20. Citizen Submissions on Enforcement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization that addresses "regional environmental concerns, help[s] prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and . . . promote[s] the effective enforcement of environmental law." To that end, CEC maintains this interesting registry of citizen submissions on environmental enforcement matters. At the registry, updates on outstanding submissions are posted, as well as any new submissions. For those interested in tracking real legislative processes related to environmental enforcement, this is an interesting site with international implications.

  1. A meta-analytic review of relationship-based interventions for low-income families with infants and toddlers: facilitating supportive parent-child interactions.

    PubMed

    Mortensen, Jennifer A; Mastergeorge, Ann M

    2014-07-01

    Relationship-based intervention programs are increasingly being implemented as a way to enhance parent-child interaction quality. In this meta-analytic review, we examined the effectiveness of 19 recent relationship-based interventions serving socioeconomically disadvantaged families with infants and toddlers (N = 6,807). This review specifically focused on intervention effectiveness in terms of improving supportive parenting behaviors, as measured by observational assessments of dyadic parent-child interactions. Meta-analytic results indicated significant, yet modest, effectiveness across all interventions (d = .23). Intervention characteristics such as participant randomization, breadth of intervention services offered, duration, child age at the start of the intervention, professional qualifications of the intervenor, and type of play task used during assessment were tested as possible moderators of effectiveness. Significant differences in effectiveness were found between randomized and nonrandomized interventions. Within the subsample of randomized interventions, programs that were shorter in duration, that provided direct services to the parent-child dyad, used intervenors with professional qualifications, and assessed parent-child interactions with free-play tasks were the most effective, highlighting important considerations for designing effective intervention protocol tailored to the needs of this high-risk population. PMID:25798486

  2. The Child Care Challenge: Creating Solutions through Employer-Supported Programs and Public-Private Initiatives. Network Briefs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talbert, Donna; And Others

    This guide describes elements needed to enhance public and private sector involvement in child care. An introductory section defines the problem and outlines the elements of a comprehensive child care policy. Section II presents a policy matrix that serves as a guide to typical problems and solutions in the process of instituting…

  3. This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

    2010-01-01

    ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

  4. 45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.35 Federal...computerized support enforcement systems. Federal financial...

  5. 45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.35 Federal...computerized support enforcement systems. Federal financial...

  6. 45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.35 Federal...computerized support enforcement systems. Federal financial...

  7. 45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.35 Federal...computerized support enforcement systems. Federal financial...

  8. 45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.35 Federal...computerized support enforcement systems. Federal financial...

  9. Child Teacher Relationship Training (CTRT) with Children Exhibiting Disruptive Behavior: Effects on Teachers' Ability to Provide Emotional and Relational Support to Students and on Student-Teachers Relationship Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pronchenko-Jain, Yulia

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of child teacher relationship training (CTRT) on teachers' ability to provide emotional support in the classroom, teachers' use of relationship-building skills, and teachers' level of stress related to the student-child relationship. Teachers and aides from one Head Start school were randomly…

  10. 77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

  11. The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling

    E-print Network

    Edmonds, Eric V

    Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

  12. The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

    2008-01-01

    Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

  13. Remote, wireless stakeout surveillance for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ford, Mike; Klein, Allen; Smith, Stan; Jones, John Paul

    2005-05-01

    Inflation combined with the added burden of homeland security requirements, is increasing pressure on local law enforcement budgets and manpower resources. The problem is: how can law enforcement agencies fulfill all of their requirements? How can they respond to these requirements, including homeland security, with limited manpower? Civil Rights considerations also place constraints on law enforcement. One possible solution is the Remote Law Enforcement Surveillance System (RLESS) concept. RLESS makes more efficient use of existing manpower while avoiding infringement on civil liberties. RLESS provides the capability for unattended stakeout and surveillance. Many stakeout or surveillance operations are conducted by vice, homicide, organized crime or other task forces. Lasting from days to weeks. Many large drug stings last months involving many persons of interest. A single surveillance mission usually involves a minimum of two persons X 3 shifts per day conducting active observation, equating to 48 man-hours per day. Their tasks include watching, listening, and documenting with photography. Recent military developments have included new technologies and techniques that enable remote unattended observation of areas or points of interest. This capability is now available to support law enforcement stakeouts, thereby significantly minimizes the stresses on manpower.

  14. Finding Help Paying for Child Care

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or faith-based organizations sometimes provide child care scholarships. $ Employer/College Support Your employer may provide child care scholarships, discounts to certain programs or on-site child ...

  15. The Center for Child Welfare presents Uncovering the Secret

    E-print Network

    Huang, Haiying

    of child development, concerning characteristics of child development and family dynamics dealing with allegations of sexual abuse. Topics will include child development as related to sexual abuse to support the disposition and subsequent case actions. Learning Objectives Review child development

  16. LAW ENFORCEMENT VIOLENCE & DISASTER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In 2005, images of thousands of New Orleans residents — the majority of whom were low income women of color and their children, elders, and others, unable, due to poverty, to leave the city before Hurricane Katrina struck, abandoned by our government — were quickly followed by images of law enforcement violence and abuse of individuals struggling to survive under

  17. Optimal dynamic law enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gustav Feichtinger; Waltraud Grienauer; Gernot Tragler

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we present an intertemporal extension of Becker's [Journal of Political Economy 76 (1968) 169] static economic approach to crime and punishment. For a dynamic supply of offenders we determine the optimal dynamic trade-off between damages caused by offenders, law enforcement expenditures and cost of imprisonment. By using Pontryagin's maximum principle we obtain interesting insight into the dynamical

  18. Effect of Peer Counselling by Mother Support Groups on Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: The Lalitpur Experience

    PubMed Central

    Kushwaha, Komal P.; Sankar, Jhuma; Sankar, M. Jeeva; Gupta, Arun; Dadhich, J. P.; Gupta, Y. P.; Bhatt, Girish C.; Ansari, Dilshad A.; Sharma, B.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Our primary objective was to evaluate the effect of peer counselling by mother support groups (MSG's) in improving the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the community. Methods We conducted this repeated-measure before and after study in the Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India between 2006 and 2011. We assessed the IYCF practices before and after creating MSG's within the community. The feeding practices were reassessed at two time points–2 (T1) and 5 years (T2) after the intervention and compared with that of the pre-intervention phase (T0). Results The total population covered by the project from the time of its initiation was 105000. A total of 425 (T0), 480 (T1) and 521 (T2) mother infant pairs were selected from this population. There was significant improvement in the following IYCF practices in the community (represented as %; adjOR (95% CI, p) such as initiation of breast feeding within 1 hour at both T1 (71% vs. 11%); 19.6 (13.6, 28.2, p?=?<0.0001)and T2 (62% vs. 11%); 13.3 (9.4, 18.9, p?=?<0.0001); use of prelacteal feeds at both T1 (67% vs. 15%); 12.6 (CI: 9.0, 17.6, p<0.0001) and T2 (67% vs. 5%); 44.4 (28.8, 68.4, p?=?<0.0001); rates of exclusive breast feeding for 6 months at both T1 (50% vs. 7%); 13.6 (7.6, 25.0, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (60% vs. 7%); 20.5 (11.3, 37.2, p?=?<0.0001); initiation of complementary feeding at T1 (85% vs. 54%); 5.6 (3.6, 8.7, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (96% vs. 54%); 22.9 (11.8, 44.1, p?=?<0.0001) and complementary feeding along with continued breast feeding at both T1 (36% vs. 4.5%); 6 (1.15, 31.4, p?=?0.033) and T2 (42% vs. 4.5%); 8.06 (1.96, 49.1, p?=?0.005) as compared to pre-intervention period (T0) after adjusting for important social and demographic variables. Conclusions Peer counseling by MSG's improved the IYCF practices in the district and could be sustained. PMID:25369452

  19. Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare

    PubMed Central

    Glisson, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

  20. 45 CFR 158.401 - HHS enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false HHS enforcement. 158.401 Section 158.401 Public...PREMIUM REVENUE: REPORTING AND REBATE REQUIREMENTS HHS Enforcement § 158.401 HHS enforcement. HHS enforces the reporting...

  1. 45 CFR 158.401 - HHS enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false HHS enforcement. 158.401 Section 158.401 Public...PREMIUM REVENUE: REPORTING AND REBATE REQUIREMENTS HHS Enforcement § 158.401 HHS enforcement. HHS enforces the reporting...

  2. 45 CFR 158.401 - HHS enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false HHS enforcement. 158.401 Section 158.401 Public...PREMIUM REVENUE: REPORTING AND REBATE REQUIREMENTS HHS Enforcement § 158.401 HHS enforcement. HHS enforces the reporting...

  3. 45 CFR 158.401 - HHS enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false HHS enforcement. 158.401 Section 158.401 Public...PREMIUM REVENUE: REPORTING AND REBATE REQUIREMENTS HHS Enforcement § 158.401 HHS enforcement. HHS enforces the reporting...

  4. "Anchors Away!" Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muscott, Howard Steven; Pomerleau, Tina; Dupuis, Sherry

    2009-01-01

    Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive…

  5. Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

    2008-01-01

    Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

  6. Social Support Perspectives on Programs for Parents: Lessons from the Child Survival/Fair Start Home Visiting Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larner, Mary

    This paper discusses home visiting programs for low income parents and infants and describes five such programs known collectively as the Child Survival/Fair Start (CS/FS) projects, funded by the Ford Foundation. It describes a conceptual model which links risk factors and intervention activities to effects on mothers and children and explains how…

  7. In Search of Parity: Child Custody\\/Visitation and Child Support for Lesbian Couples Under “Companion” Cases Debra H. and In Re H.M

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason C. Beekman

    2011-01-01

    The United States is engaged in a national debate over whether to grant same-sex couples the rights and privileges of marriage. Supporters of marriage equality flood the media with images of jubilant same-sex couples simply wanting the chance to say their “I dos” and have the state formally recognize their shared love and commitment. The unfortunate reality is, however, that

  8. Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics. A NIBRS Statistical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Howard N.

    Until recently, law enforcement and policymakers had few hard data on the child victims of sexual abuse, offenders, and other characteristics of these crimes on which to base a response. The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), capturing a wide range of information on each sexual assault incident reported to law enforcement, can…

  9. The Development of Three Scales to Measure the Supportiveness of Relationships between Parents and Child Care Providers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Grace-Ann L. Caruso

    1992-01-01

    The Caregiver Support Appraisal Scale-V (CSA-V), the Caregiver Support Appraisal Scale-P (CSA-P), and the Caregiver Supportive Behavior Scale (CSB) are 9, 15, and 45 item scales, respectively, which were modeled after existing social support measures and were designed specifically to measure aspects of the supportive nature of parent-caregiver relationships, including parents' feelings of being supported and parents' identification of caregivers

  10. Enforcement handbook: Enforcement of DOE nuclear safety requirements

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This Handbook provides detailed guidance and procedures to implement the General Statement of DOE Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy). A copy of this Enforcement Policy is included for ready reference in Appendix D. The guidance provided in this Handbook is qualified, however, by the admonishment to exercise discretion in determining the proper disposition of each potential enforcement action. As discussed in subsequent chapters, the Enforcement and Investigation Staff will apply a number of factors in assessing each potential enforcement situation. Enforcement sanctions are imposed in accordance with the Enforcement Policy for the purpose of promoting public and worker health and safety in the performance of activities at DOE facilities by DOE contractors (and their subcontractors and suppliers) who are indemnified under the Price-Anderson Amendments Act. These indemnified contractors, and their suppliers and subcontractors, will be referred to in this Handbook collectively as DOE contractors. It should be remembered that the purpose of the Department`s enforcement policy is to improve nuclear safety for the workers and the public, and this goal should be the prime consideration in exercising enforcement discretion.

  11. CASTLE: an advanced technology partnership serving law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCoig, Thomas M.

    1997-01-01

    The Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE) is supported by the National Institute of Justice Office of Science and Technology and is establishing partnerships with the National Law Enforcement Corrections and Technology Center in Charleston, South Carolina. Additionally, CASTLE is working with the American Society of Crime Lab Directors (ASCLD) to direct effective interface with and support of state and local crime laboratories. Extremely sophisticated, often one-of-a-kind, equipment and very-capable scientific expertise are resident at U.S. federal government laboratories and, until recently, have not been applied often to law enforcement problems, particularly at the state and local level. While there have been a number of research and development programs at national laboratories sponsored by agencies such as the National Institute of Justice, most of these have been focused on long-term objectives to meet broad national needs. In discussions with local law enforcement personnel, it is apparent that there are much more immediate technology needs, which are not being addressed by nationwide programs, in fundamental areas including video and audio surveillance, trace and physical evidence sampling, and forensic laboratory analysis. In a pilot program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), a significant component of the nation's science and technology resources located in Tennessee, recently made a commitment to support law enforcement where possible with advanced technology. ORNL formed the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), a partnership of scientific, university, private sector, and law enforcement personnel. The goal of the CASTLE program is to apply technology at the grassroots working level to both solve crimes, to improve safety to law enforcement personnel, and to improve the overall quality of law enforcement services within the United States.

  12. Every Child, Every Day

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allington, Richard L.; Gabriel, Rachael E.

    2012-01-01

    We know more now than we ever did before about how to make every child a successful reader, write Allington and Gabriel in this research review. Yet, few students regularly receive the best reading instruction we know how to give. The authors present research supporting their recommendation that every child, every day, should (1) read something he…

  13. 5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR part 1653...alimony or child support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a freeze has...

  14. Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways through Caregiving and the Home Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

    2007-01-01

    Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a…

  15. Support and reluctance in the pre-substantive phase of alleged child abuse victim investigative interviews: revised versus standard NICHD protocols.

    PubMed

    Ahern, Elizabeth C; Hershkowitz, Irit; Lamb, Michael E; Blasbalg, Uri; Winstanley, Alice

    2014-01-01

    Children's unwillingness to report abuse places them at risk for re-victimization, and interviewers who do not respond sensitively to that unwillingness may increase the likelihood that victims will not disclose abuse. Interviewer support and children's reluctance were examined on a turn-by-turn basis using sequential analyses in 199 forensic interviews of 3- to 13-year-olds who alleged maltreatment. Half of the children were interviewed using the Revised Protocol that emphasized rapport-building (RP), the others using the Standard National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Protocol (SP). When using the RP, interviewers provided proportionally more support than when using the SP, but even when using the RP they did not specifically provide support when children expressed reluctance. The RP promoted immediate cooperation when reluctant utterances were met with support, however, suggesting that supportive statements were valuable. The findings enhance our understanding of children's willingness to participate in investigative interviews and the means through which interviewers can foster the comfort and well-being of young witnesses. PMID:25418845

  16. What Works in Child Welfare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

    Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

  17. Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

    2014-01-01

    Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

  18. Enhanced Clean Air Act enforcement

    SciTech Connect

    Faletto, J.S. [Howard and Howard Attorneys, Peoria, IL (United States)

    1997-09-01

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 added new enforcement authorities which will change the way the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the States and environmental groups litigate enforcement actions. EPA, the States and ordinary citizens now have at their disposal an extensive array of enforcement options to deter or penalize those who violate requirements of the Clean Air Act or State Implementation Plans (SIPs). These new enforcement authorities take on even greater significance for major sources covered by the Title V Operating Permit Program.

  19. Teaching versus enforcing game rules in preschoolers' peer interactions.

    PubMed

    Köymen, Bahar; Schmidt, Marco F H; Rost, Loreen; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael

    2015-07-01

    Children use normative language in two key contexts: when teaching others and when enforcing social norms. We presented pairs of 3- and 5-year-old peers (N=192) with a sorting game in two experimental conditions (in addition to a third baseline condition). In the teaching condition, one child was knowledgeable, whereas the other child was ignorant and so in need of instruction. In the enforcement condition, children learned conflicting rules so that each child was making mistakes from the other's point of view. When teaching rules to an ignorant partner, both age groups used generic normative language ("Bunnies go here"). When enforcing rules on a rule-breaking partner, 3-year-olds used normative utterances that were not generic and aimed at correcting individual behavior ("No, this goes there"), whereas 5-year-olds again used generic normative language, perhaps because they discerned that instruction was needed in this case as well. Young children normatively correct peers differently depending on their assessment of what their wayward partners need to bring them back into line. PMID:25840450

  20. Cyberspace Pornography: Problems with Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Daphyne Saunders

    1997-01-01

    Considers the availability of pornography, particularly child pornography, on the Internet and child access to it. Defines pornographic material and child pornography, discusses its commercial and noncommercial uses and the responsibility for child access, and presents solutions: content tagging; CyberAngels, a volunteer group created by the…

  1. Child Development

    MedlinePLUS

    Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z ... Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

  2. Audio processing technology for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walter, Sharon M.; Cofano, Maria; Ratley, Roy J.

    1999-01-01

    The Air Force Research Laboratory Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch (AFRL/IFEC) has been a Department of Defense leader in research and development (R&D) in speech and audio processing for over 25 years. Their primary thrust in these R&D areas has focused on developing technology to improve the collection, handling, identification, and intelligibility of military communication signals. The National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center for the Northeast (NLECTC-NE) is collocated with the AFRL Rome Research Sited at the Griffiss Technology park in upstate New York. The NLECTC-NE supports sixteen (16) states in the northeast sector of the United States, and is funded and supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Since the inception of the NLECTC-NE in 1995, the AFRL Rome Research Site has expanded the military applications of their expertise to address law enforcement and corrections requirements. AFRL/IFEC's speech and audio processing technology is unique and particularly appropriate for application to law enforcement requirements. It addresses the similar military need for time-critical decisions and actions, operation within noisy environments, and use by uncooperative speakers in tactical, real-time applications. Audio and speech processing technology for both application domains must also often deal with short utterance communications (less than five seconds of speech) and transmission-to-transmission channel variability.

  3. Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives

    PubMed Central

    Söderberg, Siv; Skär, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. PMID:24829900

  4. Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reaves, Brian A.; Goldberg, Andrew L.

    To determine the nature of law enforcement services provided on campuses in the context of the Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act, the U.S. Department of Justice surveyed four-year institutions of higher education in the United States with 2,500 or more students. This report presents data collected from nearly 600 campus law enforcement

  5. Dear NIST CCC Supporters, Parents and Alumni, Congress appropriated $7.2M in 2009 to build a new child

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Dear NIST CCC Supporters, Parents and Alumni, Congress appropriated $7.2M in 2009 to build a new donor wall to honor significant contributors. Thanks for your support in this exciting time for the NIST CCC! Sincerely, NIST CCC & NIST CCC BOD Gift Level Value Recognition Bronze $1 - $99 Thank you letter

  6. The Relations of Maternal Social Support and Family Structure With Maternal Responsiveness and Child Outcomes Among African American Families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret R. Burchinal; Andrea Follmer; Donna M. Bryant

    1996-01-01

    The social support networks and family structure of 62 low-income African American mothers were related to proximal and distal measures of the mother's parenting style and to the children's social and cognitive development. Women with larger support networks tended to be more responsive in interactions with their infants and to provide more stimulating home environments than mothers with smaller social

  7. Early Childhood Educators' Use of Language-Support Practices with 4-Year-Old Children in Child Care Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouchard, Caroline; Bigras, Nathalie; Cantin, Gilles; Coutu, Sylvain; Blain-Briere, Benedicte; Eryasa, Joell; Charron, Annie; Brunson, Liesette

    2010-01-01

    The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22…

  8. 76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ...INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau...online publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

  9. 17 CFR 8.05 - Enforcement staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false Enforcement staff. 8.05 Section 8.05 Commodity...Disciplinary Procedure § 8.05 Enforcement staff. (a) Each exchange shall establish an adequate enforcement staff which shall be authorized by the...

  10. Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Care, 2011

    2011-01-01

    More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

  11. Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.

    PubMed

    Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

    2001-12-01

    Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

  12. 78 FR 10623 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Immigration and Customs Enforcement-007...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ...Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC 20528...Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC 20528...Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is updating...Enforcement Support Center (LESC) Alien Criminal...ACRIMe also supports the operation of the ICE tip...

  13. Early Childhood Educators’ Use of Language-Support Practices with 4YearOld Children in Child Care Centers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline Bouchard; Nathalie Bigras; Gilles Cantin; Sylvain Coutu; Bénédicte Blain-Brière; Joell Eryasa; Annie Charron; Liesette Brunson

    2010-01-01

    The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for\\u000a children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language\\u000a acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22 educators in ECE centers with\\u000a 174 children (87 girls and

  14. Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

    This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

  15. Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, early childhood/child development: Advanced-standing doctoral students in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, teen parents, etc.) in child abuse prevention programs. Detail Information: http://www.cssp.org/publications/child-welfare

  16. "I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

  17. 25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

  18. 25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

  19. 25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... true Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

  20. 25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

  1. 25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

  2. Optimizing Web Service Composition While Enforcing Regulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sohrabi, Shirin; McIlraith, Sheila A.

    To direct automated Web service composition, it is compelling to provide a template, workflow or scaffolding that dictates the ways in which services can be composed. In this paper we present an approach to Web service composition that builds on work using AI planning, and more specifically Hierarchical Task Networks (HTNs), for Web service composition. A significant advantage of our approach is that it provides much of the how-to knowledge of a choreography while enabling customization and optimization of integrated Web service selection and composition based upon the needs of the specific problem, the preferences of the customer, and the available services. Many customers must also be concerned with enforcement of regulations, perhaps in the form of corporate policies and/or government regulations. Regulations are traditionally enforced at design time by verifying that a workflow or composition adheres to regulations. Our approach supports customization, optimization and regulation enforcement all at composition construction time. To maximize efficiency, we have developed novel search heuristics together with a branch and bound search algorithm that enable the generation of high quality compositions with the performance of state-of-the-art planning systems.

  3. Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

    This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

  4. Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

    2012-01-01

    This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

  5. Reconsidering Child Saving: The Extent and Correlates of Public Support for Excluding Youths from the Juvenile Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applegate, Brandon K.; Davis, Robin King; Cullen, Francis T.

    2009-01-01

    The 1990s saw concerted legislative efforts to increase the mechanisms through which juveniles could be transferred to the adult court. Beginning research exists on how the public feels about transferring youths out of the juvenile justice system, but it is somewhat dated and does little to illuminate the reasons people support transfer. Using a…

  6. Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

    2011-01-01

    The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

  7. Transactional Associations Among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geertje Leflot; Pol A. C. van Lier; Karine Verschueren; Patrick Onghena; Hilde Colpin

    2011-01-01

    The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of externalizing behavior, sociometric “liked most” and “liked least” nominations, and teacher

  8. Building Communities of Support around a Child with Special Education Needs: The Effects of Participatory Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Judy

    2008-01-01

    Over a period of a year, formal and informal interactions among members of the community around a four-year-old girl with special education needs were focused through participatory action research (PAR). The team included parents, kindergarten teachers, an education support worker, speech-language therapist, early intervention teacher and…

  9. Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

    2011-01-01

    This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

  10. Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

  11. Multi-natural disasters in Gonaïves Haiti: long-term outcomes among child and adolescents and social support.

    PubMed

    Derivois, Daniel; Cénat, Jude-mary; Mérisier, Georges Gaston

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we posit the hypothesis that the January 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince reawakened a number of traumas linked to the natural disasters that struck Gonaives in 2004 and 2008. The study set out to evaluate the PTSD and social support in the affected areas in Gonaives seven years after the disasters. The study covered a sample of 917 participants, of whom 534 (58.23%) were females, aged between 10 and 23 with an average age of 16.03 (SD = 2.65). A variety of scales were used: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-1); the Traumatic Exposure Severity Scale (TESS); the PTSD Check-List Civilian version (PCL-C); the Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ). The results reveal a higher rate of PTSD among the oldest participants, a similarly higher rate of social support among Catholics than among Protestants, a more severe rate of PTSD among school going children and a positive correlation between social support and PTSD. PMID:25585481

  12. Child Maltreatment

    PubMed Central

    Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Nour, Ibtisam El; Al-Said, Basma

    2012-01-01

    Child maltreatment (CM) is common worldwide, and can take many forms. It may even endanger the child’s life, especially when younger children are the victims. CM affects the child’s quality of life and consequently leads to long term issues to be dealt with by the child, family and community. This case series discusses six children who have been subjected to CM, and diagnosed by the child protection team of the departments of Child Health and Behavioural Medicine at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman. The aim of this case series is to increase the level of awareness of CM among Oman’s medical professionals and to highlight the difficulties encountered in diagnosing and providing optimal care for these children. Although treatment is provided in Oman’s health care system, it is clear that there are gaps in the existing system which affect the quality of child protection services provided to the children and their families. PMID:22375265

  13. 77 FR 47517 - Enforcement Actions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-09

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission. ACTION: Final rule...SUMMARY: The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC or Commission)...

  14. Hydrologic enforcement of lidar DEMs

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Poppenga, Sandra K.; Worstell, Bruce B.; Danielson, Jeffrey J.; Brock, John C.; Evans, Gayla A.; Heidemann, H. Karl

    2014-01-01

    Hydrologic-enforcement (hydro-enforcement) of light detection and ranging (lidar)-derived digital elevation models (DEMs) modifies the elevations of artificial impediments (such as road fills or railroad grades) to simulate how man-made drainage structures such as culverts or bridges allow continuous downslope flow. Lidar-derived DEMs contain an extremely high level of topographic detail; thus, hydro-enforced lidar-derived DEMs are essential to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for complex modeling of riverine flow. The USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) is integrating hydro-enforced lidar-derived DEMs (land elevation) and lidar-derived bathymetry (water depth) to enhance storm surge modeling in vulnerable coastal zones.

  15. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  16. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...a) Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the...enforcement of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  17. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...a) Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the...enforcement of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  18. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...a) Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the...enforcement of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  19. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...a) Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the...enforcement of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  20. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...a) Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the...enforcement of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  1. Incomplete Contracts and Endogenous Enforcement. A Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincenzo Scoppa

    2003-01-01

    When Court enforcement is excessively difficult or costly, agents are often able to create «endogenous enforcement mechanisms», that is, to design agreements so that each party finds it optimal to carry them out (self-enforcing implicit contracts), thanks to the threat of sanctions affecting the defaulting party, imposed by direct counterparts in the relationship (bilateral enforcement) or by external agents, future

  2. 25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

  3. 25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

  4. Race, politics, and drug law enforcement: an analysis of civil asset forfeiture patterns across US counties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald Helms; S. E. Costanza

    2009-01-01

    The research on civil asset forfeiture has been largely anecdotal and has taken a politicised approach. Most accounts use specific cases to support their claims that widespread use of forfeiture is generated by dubious or ‘hidden’ law enforcement motives. Yet there are plausible theoretical reasons to believe that structural contexts condition the choice of mechanisms favoured by the law enforcement

  5. Child Nutrition

    MedlinePLUS

    A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

  6. Accounting for enforcement costs in the spatial allocation of marine zones.

    PubMed

    Davis, Katrina; Kragt, Marit; Gelcich, Stefan; Schilizzi, Steven; Pannell, David

    2015-02-01

    Marine fish stocks are in many cases extracted above sustainable levels, but they may be protected through restricted-use zoning systems. The effectiveness of these systems typically depends on support from coastal fishing communities. High management costs including those of enforcement may, however, deter fishers from supporting marine management. We incorporated enforcement costs into a spatial optimization model that identified how conservation targets can be met while maximizing fishers' revenue. Our model identified the optimal allocation of the study area among different zones: no-take, territorial user rights for fisheries (TURFs), or open access. The analysis demonstrated that enforcing no-take and TURF zones incurs a cost, but results in higher species abundance by preventing poaching and overfishing. We analyzed how different enforcement scenarios affected fishers' revenue. Fisher revenue was approximately 50% higher when territorial user rights were enforced than when they were not. The model preferentially allocated area to the enforced-TURF zone over other zones, demonstrating that the financial benefits of enforcement (derived from higher species abundance) exceeded the costs. These findings were robust to increases in enforcement costs but sensitive to changes in species' market price. We also found that revenue under the existing zoning regime in the study area was 13-30% lower than under an optimal solution. Our results highlight the importance of accounting for both the benefits and costs of enforcement in marine conservation, particularly when incurred by fishers. PMID:25103090

  7. 'Stranger' child-murder: issues relating to causes and controls.

    PubMed

    Wilson, P R

    1988-02-01

    Most industrialised countries are concerned with a perceived increase in the killing of children and adolescents by strangers. Though reliable statistics are lacking, the growth of serial murder suggests that more young persons may be at risk than ever before. Explanations, either of a psychological or sociological kind, of child murder by strangers are inadequately developed. Despite the tendency to see such killers as psychiatrically ill a number of studies suggest that the majority of offenders do not differ significantly, at least in psychological traits, from non-offenders. Subcultural and other sociological perspectives stressing "social disadvantage" have low levels of exploratory power and do not assist greatly in understanding child killings. Despite sketchy and contradictory evidence on the effects of the media on sexual and violent crime case study material supports the view that pornography, including popular music, may increase the propensity of individuals to commit atrocities. Counter-measures to control stranger child killing lie in more sophisticated law enforcement (profiling and computer links between police forces) long periods of incarceration of the offender and more sophisticated analyses of the crimes. PMID:3280447

  8. 5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...found in subpart G of this part) and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR...support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a...

  9. 25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  10. 25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  11. 25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 true Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  12. 25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  13. 25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  14. Child labor still with us after all these years.

    PubMed Central

    Landrigan, P J; McCammon, J B

    1997-01-01

    Child labor is a major threat to the health of children in the United States. The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that more than four million children are legally employed and that another one to two million are employed under illegal, often exploitative conditions. Across the United States, child labor accounts for 20,000 workers compensation claims, 200,000 injuries, thousands of cases of permanent disability, and more than 70 deaths each year. Agriculture and newspaper delivery are the two most hazardous areas of employment for children and adolescents. Poverty, massive immigration, and relaxation in enforcement of Federal child labor law are the three factors principally responsible for the last two decades' resurgence of child labor in the United States. Control of the hazards of child labor will require a combination of strategies including vigorous enforcement, education, and public health surveillance. Images p466-a p467-a p468-a PMID:10822472

  15. Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

    2011-01-01

    With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

  16. Law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response

    PubMed Central

    Green, Traci C.; Zaller, Nickolas; Palacios, Wilson R.; Bowman, Sarah E.; Ray, Madeline; Heimer, Robert; Case, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Background Law enforcement is often the first to respond to medical emergencies in the community, including overdose. Due to the nature of their job, officers have also witnessed first-hand the changing demographic of drug users and devastating effects on their community associated with the epidemic of nonmedical prescription opioid use in the United States. Despite this seminal role, little data exist on law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response. Methods We conducted key informant interviews as part of a 12-week Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) process that aimed to better understand and prevent nonmedical prescription opioid use and overdose deaths in locations in Connecticut and Rhode Island experiencing overdose “outbreaks.” Interviews with 13 law enforcement officials across three study sites were analyzed to uncover themes on overdose prevention and naloxone. Results Findings indicated support for law enforcement involvement in overdose prevention. Hesitancy around naloxone administration by laypersons was evident. Interview themes highlighted officers’ feelings of futility and frustration with their current overdose response options, the lack of accessible local drug treatment, the cycle of addiction, and the pervasiveness of easily accessible prescription opioid medications in their communities. Overdose prevention and response, which for some officers included law enforcement-administered naloxone, were viewed as components of community policing and good police-community relations. Conclusion Emerging trends, such as existing law enforcement medical interventions and Good Samaritan Laws, suggest the need for broader law enforcement engagement around this pressing public health crisis, even in suburban and small town locations, to promote public safety. PMID:24051061

  17. Innovative telecommunications for law enforcement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.

    1976-01-01

    The operation of computer-aided dispatch, mobile digital communications, and automatic vehicle location systems used in law enforcement is discussed, and characteristics of systems used by different agencies are compared. With reference to computer-aided dispatch systems, the data base components, dispatcher work load, extent of usage, and design trends are surveyed. The capabilities, levels of communication, and traffic load of mobile digital communications systems are examined. Different automatic vehicle location systems are distinguished, and two systems are evaluated. Other aspects of the application of innovative technology to operational command, control, and communications systems for law enforcement agencies are described.

  18. Responding to Child Abuse: A Handbook = Guide sur l'intervention en cas de mauvais traitements infliges aux enfants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    This handbook, in English and French, provides guidelines for reporting and investigating child abuse and neglect by child care providers, law enforcement officials, social workers, health care providers, educators, and others as required by Alberta's Child Welfare Act. The handbook addresses: (1) how to recognize abuse and neglect; (2) how to…

  19. 30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

  20. 30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

  1. 30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

  2. 30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

  3. 30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

  4. 41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

  5. 41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

  6. 41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

  7. 41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

  8. 41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

  9. 10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

  10. 29 CFR 1984.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1984.113 Section 1984.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...AFFORDABLE CARE ACT Miscellaneous Provisions § 1984.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any...

  11. 29 CFR 1984.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1984.113 Section 1984.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...AFFORDABLE CARE ACT Miscellaneous Provisions § 1984.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any...

  12. 78 FR 4323 - Compliance and Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ...to review by the Office of Management and Budget. List of Subjects in 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement, Enforcement actions, Gambling, Gaming, Indians, Indian gaming. Text of the Rules For the reasons discussed in the Preamble, the Commission...

  13. 34 CFR 395.36 - Enforcement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Enforcement procedures. 395.36 Section 395.36 Education...FEDERAL AND OTHER PROPERTY Federal Property Management § 395.36 Enforcement procedures. (a) The State licensing...

  14. 76 FR 80846 - Definition of Enforcement Action

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 502 RIN 3141-AA43...Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Notice...enforcement action''. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act authorizes the NIGC...

  15. 25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all project regulations now or...

  16. State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    U.S. Department of Justice

    This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

  17. DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION REGISTRATION DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), as part of its efforts to control the abuse and misuse of controlled substances and chemicals used in producing some over-the-counter drugs, maintains databases of individuals registered to handle these substances. These databases are av...

  18. Enforcing Policies in Pervasive Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anand Patwardhan; Vlad Korolev; Lalana Kagal; Anupam Joshi

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents an architecture and a proof of concept implementation of a security infrastructure for mobile devices in an infrastructure based pervasive en- vironment. The security infrastructure primarily consists of two parts, the policy engine and the policy enforce- ment mechanism. Each mobile device within a perva- sive environment is equipped with its own policy en- forcement mechanism and

  19. Telephone and Face-to-Face Interviews with Low-Income Males with Child Care Responsibilities Support Inclusion as a Target Audience in SNAP-Ed.

    PubMed

    Krall, Jodi Stotts; Wamboldt, Patricia; Lohse, Barbara

    2014-10-14

    Federally funded nutrition programs mostly target females. Changes in family dynamics suggest low-income men have an important role in food management responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to inform nutrition education program planning to meet needs of lower-income males. Cross-sectional telephone and face-to-face interviews. Stratified random sample of men (n = 101), 18-59 years of age, with child care responsibilities, living in households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and a convenience sample of adult males (n = 25) recruited from lower income venues. (1) Scripted telephone interviews about health status, eating behaviors, eating competence, food security, technology usage and topics and strategies for nutrition education. (2) In-person cognitive interviews during review of selected online nutrition education lessons. Nutrition education topics of interest, preferred educational strategies, influences on and barriers to intake, eating competence, critiques of online program content, graphics, format. Bivariate correlations, independent t tests, one-way analysis of variance or Chi square, as appropriate. Thematic analyses of cognitive interviews. Of telephone interviewees, 92.1 % prepared meals/snacks for children and 54.5 % made major household food decisions. Taste was the greatest influence on food selection and the greatest barrier to eating healthful foods. Topics of highest interest were "which foods are best for kids" and "how to eat more healthy foods." Preferred nutrition education strategies included online delivery. Online lessons were highly rated. Interactive components were recognized as particularly appealing; enhanced male centricity of lessons was supported. Findings provided compelling evidence for including needs specific to low-income males when planning, designing, and funding nutrition education programs. PMID:25312868

  20. Child Development

    MedlinePLUS

    As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

  1. 77 FR 64819 - New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ...provision of law enforcement officers (LEOs) to support airport security checkpoint screening. DATES: Send your comments...the provision of LEOs in support of screening at airport security checkpoints. Consistent with this authority,...

  2. Age-progression technology and its application to law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heafner, Horace

    1996-02-01

    The application of recent computer technology of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) has provided the means to age progress faces of long term missing children. In the thousands of cases of missing children that have disappeared for two or more years, there is a particular priority to identify and recover these children. It is apparent that long term solutions to this problem lie in the realm of technology. One of the areas is the computerized aging of children's faces. Forensic artists working with this new technology help this goal become a reality. When imaging a child's face, the forensic artist must consider using photographs of the biological family at an age consistent with the age of the missing child. With these pictures, a reasonable likeness can be produced using computer technology. This image can aid law enforcement, child find and social service agencies and the public in their search for the missing child. Unique features of the system provide for the stretching, merging, pixelation and refining of a completed progression. A knowledge of the steps of facial growth and anatomy is necessary to achieve an accurate image. Future developments in age progression and facial reconstruction may be in the realm of morphing technology. Application of this technology is being tested to provide a more accurate image for investigative use.

  3. Disobedient Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Screen Can Improve Children’s Behavior Collective Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental Health Study Finds Over 4,500 U.S. Children Hospitalized From Child Abuse in One Year, and 300 of Them Died ...

  4. FORUM: Enforcement Lessons from the Vienna Übahn.

    PubMed

    SMITH

    1999-02-01

    / This paper combines a review of recent publications on the effectiveness of environmental enforcement in the United States with new data to address the question of what type of enforcement activity is most productive. Using data on 39 state National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) programs, the measures of effort and cost typically applied to environmental enforcement and inspection activities were tested for relationships with compliance outcomes. No statistically significant relationships were found. In the absence of any improving trend in traditional measures of compliance, this lack suggests all enforcement systems presently used by states are failing. To work, an environmental enforcement system needs to include maintenance and restoration of compliance, real deterrence, mobilization of public opinion, minimal obtrusiveness, conformity with legal search requirements, cost-effectiveness for all parties, effective primary role for skilled inspectors, self-monitoring, compatibility with environmental management systems (e.g., ISO 14000), environmental auditing, robustness in the face of changing strategies by permittees, segregation of technical assistance from enforcement, team orientation, adaptability to multimedia, and, most difficult of all, disconnection from today's timely, appropriate, proportionate standard. These goals can be achieved through a proposed new environmental enforcement approach built on infrequent, random, but thorough inspections leading to fully documented enforcement actions resulting in high penalties. The enforcement system used by the Vienna Übahn, or subway, can serve as a model for this type of environmental enforcement system. KEY WORDS: Enforcement; Deterrence; Environmental water quality; Discharge elimination systems PMID:9852181

  5. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    Operating as part of the Border and Transportation Security Office (which itself is part of the Department of Homeland Security), the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Office is designed "to prevent acts of terrorism by targeting the people, money, and materials that support terrorist and criminal activities." The agency's tremendously useful website contains sections that address border security, public security, financial and trade investigations, and of course, material on careers with the ICE. The agency's homepage is a great way to learn about its most recent achievements as it features recent success stories from various ICE initiatives, whether it be prosecuting those accused of abducting illegal aliens or those persons who have conspired to commit domestic terrorist acts against the United States government. The public security section is a nice touch as well, as it provides information about such programs as the federal air marshals initiative and the ICE's "Most Wanted" list.

  6. Integrating Couple Teamwork Conversations Into Child Welfare Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dana Christensen; Becky Antle; Lisa Johnson

    2008-01-01

    This article summarizes the importance of and challenges to addressing couple teamwork issues in the child welfare population. Although there is substantial evidence to support the importance of healthy adult relationships for child well-being and the prevention of child maltreatment, there are a number of barriers to addressing these couple relationships in child welfare. These barriers include diverse family configurations

  7. Child Care and Child Nutrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karolak, Eric

    2009-01-01

    The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

  8. Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Care, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

  9. Predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families.

    PubMed

    De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent-child interaction and a secure parent-child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent-child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

  10. Predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families

    PubMed Central

    De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent–child interaction and a secure parent–child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent–child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

  11. Uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kyle, Robert J. S.; Van Dover, Douglas K.

    1995-05-01

    For over 18 years, Texas Instruments (TI) has been developing low cost uncooled thermal imaging technology for night vision applications. Using technology developed with support from several government agencies, TI is offering this dual-use technology in a low cost system for police cruisers and other surveillance applications. TI has teamed with Highes Aircraft to provide NIGHTSIGHTTM, now being marketed jointly. Because NIGHSIGHT is a passive thermal image, it gives law enforcement officers the ability to see in total darkness. This capability gives the uncooled system distinct advantages over image intensifiers which require some degree of visible light. It also differs from typical cryogenic or cooled IR systems because it does not contain a cryogenic cooler mechanism or a scanner which lowers the complexity, costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Police across the US have tested prototype sensors with positive results. Police officers often praise the ability to see in total darkness and report the many advantages of the system and how it changes their perspective on law enforcement. Systems have also been provided to the Drug Enforcement Agency, INS border patrol, prison security staff, Baltimore-Washington International Airport security, Texas Parks and Wildlife Service and the Los Angeles Harbor Patrol and have been used in a variety of security and surveillance situations. The paper will address the implementation of the technology; discuss barriers to use such as cost, awareness, and system understanding, and examine the impact of the technology on the effectiveness of law enforcement at night.

  12. Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayers, Camille M.

    2006-01-01

    In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

  13. Child Pornography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

    \\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

  14. Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout among Law Enforcement Investigators Exposed to Disturbing Media Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa M. Perez; Jeremy Jones; David R. Englert; Daniel Sachau

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the psychological impact of viewing disturbing media on investigators engaged in computer forensics work.\\u000a Twenty-eight federal law enforcement personnel who investigate Internet child pornography cases completed measures of secondary\\u000a traumatic stress disorder (STSD) and burnout. Substantial percentages of investigators reported poor psychological well-being.\\u000a Greater exposure to disturbing media was related to higher levels of STSD and cynicism.

  15. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  16. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  17. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  18. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  19. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  20. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  1. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  2. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  3. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  4. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  5. 78 FR 47328 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development; Notice of Closed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ...Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development...Committee: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Special Emphasis Panel; Asthma Cohort Support Contract...Review, National Institute of Child Health and Human...

  6. Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice

    PubMed Central

    Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

  7. 44 CFR 19.605 - Enforcement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...44 Emergency Management and Assistance... Enforcement procedures. 19.605...605 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Procedures § 19.605...

  8. Regulatory enforcement and compliance: Examining Danish agro-environmental policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PeterJ May; Søren Winter

    1999-01-01

    This study of municipal enforcement of agro-environmental regulations in Denmark provides an empirical understanding of how enforcement affects compliance. A key contribution is sorting out the relative influence of inspectors' different styles of enforcement and choices made by enforcement agencies. The latter are shown to be more important in bringing about compliance than are inspectors' enforcement styles. Municipal agencies are

  9. Implications of China's one-child policy.

    PubMed

    Hardee, K

    1984-05-01

    China's ambitious efforts to control its population have been effective, for the annual growth rate declined from 2.3% to 1.4% between 1971-81. The government's goal is to keep the population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000 and either maintain that as a stable population, or, ideally, to reduce the population to 700 million, deemed the optimum population that China's natural resources can sustain. The government is using a 1 child policy as a means of achieving this goal. It is apparent that the 1 child policy will cause significant changes in the society's demographic structure and contribute to social stress. The age structure is being altered, the ratio of males to females reflects a desire for the only child to be a son, and there are conflicts between the new economic policy and the call for limits on the number of children. The state is powerful enough to enforce its policy in urban areas but will most likely need to be content with a 2-child compromise in the countryside. Like most developing countries, China has a young population now. In 1980, 36% of the people were 14 years old or younger, whereas only 5% of the population were 65 and older. Each Chinese worker supported .93 dependents (the dependency ratio), mostly young children. The economy is geared to a young population, and the government must provide pediatric medical care, day care, and schools. If Chinese couples reduce their family size to slightly more than 1.5 children per couple, the dependency ratio will improve initially as the percentage of workers increases until 2015. After that a large percentage of workers would reach retirement age. The Chinese government promises increased retirement benefits for retirees and community aid to elderly with no family to support them. Statistics show that currently only 10% of the urban population is covered by pensions and only 1% of men and women of retirement age in rural areas receive community aid. To increase the number of people assisted would be expensive to both the state and local areas, yet the government is choosing to ignore the ramifications of the graying of Chinese society. Government officials argue that the fertility policy will return to 2 children before the age structure becomes too skewed. Despite official propaganda pronouncing men and women equal in all respects, boys are more respected, carry on the family line, and are economically more viable than girls. By tradition, elderly parents live with their male children. The statistical probabilities are that 1/2 of China's couples will have sons, but surveys find that only 2% of couples would be satisfied to have only a daughter and Chinese sex ratios already indicate this preference. Horrifying stories about infanticide appear regularly in the press. As affluence grows among the peasantry, it is difficult to predict whether the peasants will adhere to the 1 child policy. PMID:12313036

  10. Including Your Child

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

  11. Child Care Aware

    MedlinePLUS

    ... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

  12. General statement of policy and procedures for NRC enforcement actions: Enforcement policy. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This document includes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s or Commission`s) revised General Statement of Policy and Procedure for Enforcement Actions (Enforcement Policy) as it was published in the Federal Register on May 13, 1998 (63 ER 26630). The Enforcement Policy is a general statement of policy explaining the NRC`s policies and procedures in initiating enforcement actions, and of the presiding officers and the Commission in reviewing these actions. This policy statement is applicable to enforcement matters involving the radiological health and safety of the public, including employees` health and safety, the common defense and security, and the environment.

  13. Child abuse.

    PubMed

    Dorst, J P

    1982-08-01

    Child abuse is common in most, if not all, Western nations; it probably occurs worldwide. It may be a major factor in the increase in violence throughout much of the world. Radiologists who treat children should think of the possibility of abuse whenever they diagnose a fracture, intracranial bleed, or visceral injury, especially when the history is not compatible with their findings. Metaphyseal "corner" fractures in infants usually are caused by abuse. Less than 20% of abused children, however, present injuries that can be recognized by radiologic techniques. Consequently normal roentgenograms, nuclear medicine scans, ultrasound studies, and computed tomograms do not exclude child abuse. PMID:6182578

  14. Consolidated Advanced Technologies for Law Enforcement Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Thomas Miller; Andrew L. Kun; William H. Lenharth

    2004-01-01

    The Consolidated Advanced Technologies for Law Enforcement Program (CAT Program) is a collaborative effort between the University of New Hampshire and the New Hampshire Department of Safety. The program addresses related problems in the integration of electronic devices within police vehicles, and in the network communications integrating vehicles and law enforcement agencies, all of which impact the ability to seamlessly

  15. The enforcement of commercial contracts in Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcel Fafchamps

    1996-01-01

    Using case studies of manufacturing and trading firms, this paper documents how commercial contracts are enforced in Ghana. Interviews were guided by a conceptual framework emphasizing credible enforcement mechanisms and information asymmetries. Results show that compliance with contractual obligations is mostly motivated by the desire to preserve personalized relationships based on mutual trust. Harassment is the main form of debt

  16. ESPOON: ENFORCING ENCRYPTED SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED

    E-print Network

    and operations provided makes outsourcing of the IT infrastructure a business model adopted by many companiesESPOON: ENFORCING ENCRYPTED SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED ENVIRONMENTS Muhammad Rizwan Asghar at ARES 2011. #12;ESPOON: Enforcing Encrypted Security Policies in Outsourced Environments Muhammad Rizwan

  17. 14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

  18. 14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

  19. 14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

  20. 14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

  1. 14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

  2. CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW ANALYSES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT USING DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW ANALYSES by GURVAN LE GUERNIC M of noninterference is typically used as a baseline security policy to for- malize confidentiality of secret. tel-00198621,version1-17Dec2007 #12;CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT USING DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW

  3. Law Enforcement School Programs. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Safe Schools Initiative Division, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The school shooting incidents during the decade of the 1990's prompted an increase of law enforcement presence in schools. The School Violence Resource Center (SVRC) at the Criminal Justice Institute (CJI) University of Arkansas System undertook a project to determine what programs law enforcement agencies currently provide in their local schools…

  4. Optimal Law Enforcement with Legal Aid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nuno Garoupa; Frank H Stephen

    2004-01-01

    The economic literature on enforcement is generally pessimistic concerning the use of legal aid. In this paper we show that legal aid can be a part of optimal law enforcement. The rationale behind our result is that with legal aid, in a system with legal or judicial error both guilty and innocent individuals are better off, because the marginal cost

  5. Strategic intelligence in law enforcement: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John William Coyne; Peter Bell

    2011-01-01

    In an age where the role of police has morphed from simplistic response and enforcement activities to one of managing human security risk, it is argued that intelligence can be used to reduce the impact of strategic surprise from evolving criminal threats and environmental change. This review specifically focuses on research that has implications for strategic intelligence in law enforcement.

  6. Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Barrett

    1994-01-01

    Effective management of international environmental resources requires cooperation, and in practice cooperation is usually codified in international environmental agreements (IEAs). The essential feature of IEAs is that they cannot be enforced by a third party. This paper explores the properties of self-enforcing IEAs using two models. In one, the number of signatories, the terms of the agreement, and the actions

  7. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Traffic Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

  8. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Traffic Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

  9. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 ...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies Exemption Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

  10. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 ...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies Exemption Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

  11. 10 CFR 431.198 - Enforcement testing for distribution transformers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Enforcement testing for distribution transformers. 431.198 Section 431.198...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Distribution Transformers Compliance and Enforcement § 431...Enforcement testing for distribution transformers. (a) Test notice. Upon...

  12. 75 FR 7428 - Amendments to Enforceable Consent Agreement Procedural Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ...2070-AJ59 Amendments to Enforceable Consent Agreement Procedural Rules AGENCY: Environmental...procedures for developing Enforceable Consent Agreements (ECAs) to generate test data under...interim final rule. ECAs are enforceable agreements between EPA and one or more...

  13. 10 CFR 431.198 - Enforcement testing for distribution transformers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Enforcement testing for distribution transformers. 431.198 Section 431.198...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Distribution Transformers Compliance and Enforcement § 431...Enforcement testing for distribution transformers. (a) Test notice. Upon...

  14. 50 CFR 404.8 - Emergencies and law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Emergencies and law enforcement activities. 404...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE); ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE... § 404.8 Emergencies and law enforcement activities...to activities necessary for law enforcement...

  15. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Traffic Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

  16. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Traffic Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

  17. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section... DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Traffic Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

  18. 32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true Training of law enforcement personnel. 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel....

  19. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as a center is operated...establish agreements with federal, State and local law enforcement agencies to enforce criminal laws on such property. (Section...

  20. 32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Training of law enforcement personnel. 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel....

  1. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as a center is operated...establish agreements with federal, State and local law enforcement agencies to enforce criminal laws on such property. (Section...

  2. 32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 true Training of law enforcement personnel. 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel....

  3. 32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 true Training of law enforcement personnel. 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel....

  4. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as a center is operated...establish agreements with federal, State and local law enforcement agencies to enforce criminal laws on such property. (Section...

  5. 32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Training of law enforcement personnel. 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel....

  6. National law enforcement telecommunications network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reilly, N. B.; Garrison, G. W.; Sohn, R. L.; Gallop, D. L.; Goldstein, B. L.

    1975-01-01

    Alternative approaches are analyzed to a National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Network (NALECOM) designed to service all state-to-state and state-to-national criminal justice communications traffic needs in the United States. Network topology options were analyzed, and equipment and personnel requirements for each option were defined in accordance with NALECOM functional specifications and design guidelines. Evaluation criteria were developed and applied to each of the options leading to specific conclusions. Detailed treatments of methods for determining traffic requirements, communication line costs, switcher configurations and costs, microwave costs, satellite system configurations and costs, facilities, operations and engineering costs, network delay analysis and network availability analysis are presented. It is concluded that a single regional switcher configuration is the optimum choice based on cost and technical factors. A two-region configuration is competitive. Multiple-region configurations are less competitive due to increasing costs without attending benefits.

  7. 25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  8. 25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  9. 25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2014-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  10. 25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

  11. 15 CFR 971.1006 - Proprietary enforcement information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Enforcement § 971.1006 Proprietary enforcement...

  12. 40 CFR 35.6145 - Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements. 35.6145...STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Enforcement Cooperative Agreements §...

  13. 40 CFR 94.1104 - General enforcement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES General Enforcement Provisions and Prohibited Acts § 94.1104 General enforcement...

  14. Stressed out and Overcommitted! The Relationships between Time Demands and Family Rules and Parents' and Their Child's Weight Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hearst, Mary O.; Sevcik, Sarah; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Pasch, Keryn E.; Harnack, Lisa J.; Lytle, Leslie A.

    2012-01-01

    Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parent time demands and presence and enforcement of family rules and parent/child dyad weight status. Method. In dyads of one child/parent per family (N = 681 dyads) in Twin Cities, Minnesota, 2007-2008, height and weight were measured, and a survey of demographics, time demands,…

  15. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.30 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. § 307.35 of this...Department of Health and Human Services reserves...

  16. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.30 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. § 307.35 of this...Department of Health and Human Services reserves...

  17. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.30 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. § 307.35 of this...Department of Health and Human Services reserves...

  18. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.30 Federal...computerized support enforcement system. § 307.35 of this...Department of Health and Human Services reserves...

  19. Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

  20. POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH AMONG HOLOCAUST CHILD SURVIVORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RACHEL LEV-WIESEL; MARIANNE AMIR

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, personal resources, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Holocaust child survivors. Ninety-seven nonclinical Holocaust child survivors who were born after 1930 were administered self-report questionnaires with regard to PTG, psychological distress, potency, and perceived social support. Results indicated that arousal, a PTSD category, and PTG