These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Essentials for Attorneys in Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents a course developed to provide a national perspective for attorneys who represent state and local child support enforcement agencies operating under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The introduction provides an overview of the child support problem in the United States, citing causes and effects of the problem and…

Henry, Michael R.; And Others

2

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

3

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony...process brought for the enforcement of legal obligations to provide child support or to make...

2014-04-01

4

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony...process brought for the enforcement of legal obligations to provide child support or to make...

2013-04-01

5

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

6

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2012-10-01

7

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2013-10-01

8

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2011-10-01

9

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement, ACF, HHS. ACTION: Notice of the...

2011-01-05

10

75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement, ACF, HHS. ACTION:...

2010-07-21

11

The roles of child support enforcement and welfare in non-marital childbearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This paper examines the effects of stronger child support enforcement and declines in welfare benefits on changes in non-marital\\u000a childbearing between 1980 and 1996. Economic theory suggests that stricter child support enforcement will increase the costs\\u000a of children for unwed fathers, making them less likely to have a child outside marriage. Reductions in welfare benefits also\\u000a are expected to

Irwin Garfinkel; Chien-Chung Huang; Sara S. McLanahan; Daniel S. Gaylin

2003-01-01

12

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...established or for whom a child support order needs...or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...order with respect to the child. (b) If the IV-D...Act or for a good cause domestic violence waiver granted in...

2010-10-01

13

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

14

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

15

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

16

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

17

77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for...Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY...HHS. ACTION: Notice of a Computer Matching Program...OCSE is publishing notice of a computer matching program between...

2012-12-12

18

77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for...Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY...HHS. ACTION: Notice of a Computer Matching Program...OCSE is publishing notice of a computer matching program between...

2012-12-12

19

77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for...Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY...HHS. ACTION: Notice of a Computer Matching Program...OCSE is publishing notice of a computer matching program between...

2012-01-17

20

75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for...Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY...HHS. ACTION: Notice of a computer matching program...OCSE is publishing notice of a computer matching program between...

2010-05-27

21

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families 45 CFR Parts 301, 302, 303, and 307 Safeguarding Child Support Information AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration for...

2010-06-07

22

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families 45 CFR Parts 301, 302, 303, and 307 Safeguarding Child Support Information AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration for...

2010-12-29

23

Teenage Paternity, Child Support, and Crime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between teenage premarital paternity, child support enforcement, and delinquency. The non-random data were gathered from the Marian County, Indiana District Attorney's Office and Juvenile Court. Suggests that the early establishment of paternity should be pursued and that child support enforcement strategies should…

Pirog-Good, Maureen A.

1988-01-01

24

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

25

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

26

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

27

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

28

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

29

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

30

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

31

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

32

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

33

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

34

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

35

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

36

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

37

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

38

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

39

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

40

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

41

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

42

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

43

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

44

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

45

Unpaid Child Support: The Abuse of American Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that fewer than half the single mothers in the United States receive complete and regular child support payments, this paper discusses reasons for unpaid child support, examines whether stricter enforcement of child support obligations will help solve the overall problem, and proposes another option for solving the problem of unpaid child

Kobayashi, Futoshi

46

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

2013-10-01

47

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

...2014-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders. 838...RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability of Funds § 838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders....

2014-01-01

48

The Support Orders Enforcement Act (No. 58 of 1988), 8 July 1988.  

PubMed

This Newfoundland, Canada Act establishes a Director of Support Enforcement, who has the duty of enforcing "support orders that are registered with the Director in the manner that appears practicable." To achieve that goal, the Director is authorized to "commence, continue and conduct a proceeding and take steps for the enforcement of an order in the name of the Director for the benefit of a creditor, or of a creditor's child." Further provisions of the Act contain rules on the filing of orders, withdrawal of filing, the effect of filing, payment of money received by the Director, and access of the Director to information on the person liable to pay a support order, among other things. The Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Orders Act (No. 59 of 1988), enacted on July 8, 1988, sets forth rules on the enforcement of support orders in reciprocating jurisdictions. PMID:12344487

1989-01-01

49

Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

2011-01-01

50

Current trends in state child labor legislation and enforcement.  

PubMed

There is much current child labor law activity, none of it reflecting concern with occupational health hazards. The focus of the legislation is on time for and dedication to education as youth's foremost priority. The only areas of state legislative change that could affect children's health and safety in the workplace are a general movement toward monetarily increasing fines and penalties and some minor inclusions of agricultural restrictions on young workers. Enforcement efforts are in all cases a primary indication of state commitment to child labor law protections, and these efforts are decreasing. PMID:8238036

Beyer, D

1993-09-01

51

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...action taken to modify the system if the system contributed to the deficiency...disapproval is a final administrative decision and is not subject to administrative...FFP for costs of computerized support enforcement systems. (2) FFP for...

2011-10-01

52

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...action taken to modify the system if the system contributed to the deficiency...disapproval is a final administrative decision and is not subject to administrative...FFP for costs of computerized support enforcement systems. (2) FFP for...

2010-10-01

53

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services...AND HUMAN SERVICES FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.22 Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement...

2010-10-01

54

Working with child protective services and law enforcement: what to expect.  

PubMed

The process whereby a clinician decides that child abuse is a diagnostic possibility is often marked with doubt and fear. Abusive parents can present convincing lies, and children with suspicious injuries can have unusual accidents. Personal thresholds for reporting suspected abuse vary considerably. Clinicians may mistrust or misunderstand the roles and responsibilities of the investigators and legal professionals involved. This article aims to improve understanding of the community responses to a report of child abuse, and enable the clinician to work effectively with child protective services, law enforcement agencies, and legal professionals to ensure child safety and family integrity when appropriate. PMID:25242714

Kellogg, Nancy D

2014-10-01

55

Enhancing law enforcement identification and investigation of child maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Data from two independent studies is presented, representing the investigators’ ongoing work with faculty from a state criminal justice academy to analyze existing knowledge and skill levels among veteran law enforcement officers and recruits, as well as to enhance future training.Method: Through an anonymous questionnaire, the first of these studies examined officers’ perceptions of maltreatment, including those factors that

Sharon G Portwood; Mary T Grady; Susanne E Dutton

2000-01-01

56

Do Child Outcomes of All Disciplinary Enforcements Vary By Ethnicity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association of spanking with externalizing behavior problems varies by ethnicity in many studies comparing Black and White Americans. This study investigates whether the outcomes of other disciplinary enforcements also varies by ethnicity in 7- to 11-year-olds. Ethnic interactions were found for spanking, privilege removal, grounding, and, marginally, for sending children to their room. The significant simple effects were never

Robert E. Larzelere; Ron Cox; Ketevan Danelia; Jelani Mandara

57

Peer support in law enforcement: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

Currently, the provision of mental health services to police officers referred for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or after on-the-job trauma has been facilitated mostly by interested licensed psychologists and social workers who often have minimal experience working with the law enforcement community. Despite the heavy toll of work-related stressors on the morale and psyche of police officers, when under stress they are reluctant to seek professional psychological help as its use implies weakness, cowardice, and an inability to perform the job effectively. Peer support counseling can be used effectively whenever the target population is uniquely educated or occupationally trained. Peers offer a unique segue to groups who demonstrate resistance towards psychotherapy, possess religious or cultural characteristics which would complicate the provision of traditional mental health services, and/or believe it is not understood or misunderstood by the general population or mental health professionals. The peer support component of law enforcement and other emergency services agencies has contributed to an increase in professional mental health referrals and a decrease in on-the-job suicides, sick days, and poor work performance. Furthermore, peer participation in debriefings following a traumatic event, and peer support during a crisis facilitates the process of psychological closure and mourning and enables emergency services workers to cope more effectively with tragedy so they can continue to perform their jobs efficiently and with satisfaction. PMID:14608828

Levenson, Richard L; Dwyer, Lauren A

2003-01-01

58

TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and engineeri...

59

TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for expert support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and Federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and en...

60

Paved with Good Intentions: The Federal Role in the Oversight and Enforcement of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The context for this article is the public response to the federal role in the oversight and enforcement of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This response has been characterized by a tension between concerns about federal interference in public education and support for…

Ramanathan, Arun K.

2008-01-01

61

Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

2008-01-01

62

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

63

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

64

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

65

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

66

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

67

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

68

75 FR 5614 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...update Department of Homeland Security/ ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...Washington, DC 20528. Instructions: All submissions received must include the...

2010-02-03

69

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ren). (3) Cash medical support or the cost...responsible for providing medical support does not exceed...State child support guidelines adopted in accordance...State child support guidelines, for cases identified...insurance and/or cash medical support in...

2011-10-01

70

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ren). (3) Cash medical support or the cost...responsible for providing medical support does not exceed...State child support guidelines adopted in accordance...State child support guidelines, for cases identified...insurance and/or cash medical support in...

2010-10-01

71

Poverty Transitions among Families Supporting a Child with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little is known about child disability and dynamic aspects of poverty. Method: Analysis of data collected over a 12-month period for families (a) supporting a child with intellectual disability (n = 370), (b) supporting a child with other disability (n = 1,418), and (c) supporting a child with no disability (n = 7,215). Results: When…

Emerson, Eric; Shahtahmasebi, Said; Lancaster, Gillian; Berridge, Damon

2010-01-01

72

ChildChild CareCare / ChildChild-Raising-Raising SupportSupport thatthat SuitsSuits YouYou  

E-print Network

Options while your childis in kindergartenchildis in kindergarten Should I sendmyShould I sendmy child Nobinobi Child- Raising Support Daycare for sick and recovering children I'm so busy with work lately. I a break. I'd like to gradually start working. Can I leave my child for 2 or 3 days a week? My child has

Takahashi, Ryo

73

Child Support: The Dilemma of a Nation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the development of child support in America. A review of the English common law from which U.S. laws evolved provides a glimpse into the ways that institutions of marriage and the family were viewed in the 19th century. The development of American law reflects the transformation of family structure by…

Welch, Carol; And Others

74

A Model of Child Support and the Underground Economy  

E-print Network

We develop and estimate a model of the child support and labor supply decisions in the formal and underground sectors for low-income fathers who have never married the mother of their child, as well as the paternity establishment decisions of the mothers. Ethnographic studies have found that child support policies such as automatic wage withholding, relatively high child support award amounts, and low child support disregards for children on welfare may encourage low-income fathers to evade child support regulations by working ‘off the books’ and by making under-the-table child support payments. Similarly, these policies, particularly the low child support disregard for women on welfare, may encourage mothers of children born outside marriage to refuse to cooperate with the child support authorities in establishing paternity and obtaining a formal child support order. Our model assumes a Stackelberg structure in which the father can implicitly determine whether the mother cooperates with the child support authorities through an informal child support payment, which may be zero. If the father’s informal child support payment is not high enough to induce the mother to not cooperate with establishing paternity, then he is subject to automatic wage withholding of the ordered amount if he works in the formal sector. Earnings

Jennifer Roff; Julieta Lugo-gil

2008-01-01

75

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

) ________________________________________ Date ___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Dyer, Bill

76

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may be fined, be sentenced to jail of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Dyer, Bill

77

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may be fined, be sentenced to jail of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Maxwell, Bruce D.

78

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

) ________________________________________ Date ___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Maxwell, Bruce D.

79

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

80

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2013 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

81

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2012 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

82

Office of Student Financial Aid Child Support Paid  

E-print Network

Office of Student Financial Aid Child Support Paid 0210 Beardshear Hall Ames, IA 50011-2028 515b and/or question 91b that during 2011 you, your spouse, or your parent(s), paid child support. Iowa State University requests the information on this form for the purpose of confirming Child Support Paid

Lin, Zhiqun

83

Child Support: Responsible Fatherhood and the Quid Pro Quo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over time, public policy changes have strengthened the private child support system while reducing access to public support—welfare. Given the especially limited availability of public support, nonresident fathers’ economic contributions through child support can play an important role in helping children to avoid poverty. In this article, the authors review evidence on nonresident fathers’ ability to pay support, provide an

Maria Cancian; Daniel R. Meyer; Eunhee Han

2011-01-01

84

Formative evaluation of a collaborative community-based child abuse prevention project 1 1 This evaluation was supported by the Children’s Health Foundation of Northern Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Together for Kids is a child abuse prevention project that serves children and families in two neighboring communities in a mid-sized Canadian city. The project, a collaborative endeavor of various agencies in the health, social services, and law enforcement sectors, focuses on preventing child abuse and neglect through family support and programming. This article presents the results of a

JUDEE E. ONYSKIW; MARGARET J. HARRISON; Don Spady; Linda McConnan

1999-01-01

85

Employer Support for Families with Child Care Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present and past employer support for child care is reviewed in this paper. The first half of the discussion is devoted to a general and brief historical survey describing employer support for families needing child care and detailing working mothers' increasing demand for child care services. Also briefly mentioned are government programs…

Fischer, Jan Lockwood

86

Local television news and voter support for law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television has become “the” medium of the masses in contemporary America. However, there has been very little systematic investigation\\u000a about television’s impact upon agents of political authority, such as municipal police agencies.\\u000a \\u000a This research analyzes potential linkages between voter support for local police and voter viewing habits of local television\\u000a news. The impact of television news upon voter support for

Jesse C. Brown II

1987-01-01

87

Adolescent occupational fatalities in North Carolina (1990-2008): an investigation of child labor and OSHA violations and enforcement.  

PubMed

This study investigated adolescent worker fatalities involving violations of the child labor laws and/or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, as well as the enforcement activity involved in each case. Medical examiner records were used to identify work-related deaths among adolescents ages 11-17 between 1990 and 2008 and child labor violations. Investigations from state and federal Departments of Labor (DOL) were used to determine inspection activity, identify OSHA violations, and confirm child labor violations. Fifty-two percent of cases involved one or more child labor violations. Nine cases were investigated by either the U.S. or North Carolina DOL; among them, four had child labor violations. Eleven cases were investigated by the North Carolina DOL and all involved OSHA violations. Significant child labor and OSHA violations exist in adolescent worker fatalities in North Carolina, and gaps exist in enforcement at both the federal and state level, signaling needed improvements in the protection of adolescent workers. PMID:23380256

Rauscher, Kimberly; Runyan, Carol

2012-01-01

88

Abstracts on Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of 40 selected books and articles on the topic of interactions between children and their environments are provided in this document. Works abstracted were selected from a pool of over 1200 items. The abstracts are organized into five categories: (1) theories of child care and play; (2) child-environment research; (3) descriptions of…

Hill, Ann; And Others

89

Family Support Systems: Alternative Child Care Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Winthrop College, a resource center for information on employer-sponsored child care, conducted an Appalachian Regional Commission project designed to assess the feasibility of employer-sponsored child care, gather technical information about current models, determine child care needs of working women in South Carolina, and encourage employers to…

Winthrop Coll., Rock Hill, SC. School of Consumer Science and Allied Professions.

90

Employer-Supported Child Care: Who Participates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-care vouchers are becoming more common and can provide child-care assistance to a wide spectrum of the population. There is little empirical research, however, on which workers participate in their employer's child-care programs. In this exploratory study, employees with children at 1 large university completed questionnaires to gather…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2009-01-01

91

Child Abduction, Parents' Distress, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how parents of family and nonfamily abducted children cope with stress due to the disappearance of their child. The results show that all parents experience distress, regardless of whether it was a family or nonfamily abduction. Associated with parental distress are factors such as prior family stress, age of the child, recovery status of the child, and

Sarah K. Spilman

2006-01-01

92

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

93

Police officer support for quasimilitary stress training and orientation toward outsiders and nonlaw enforcement functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about the meaning of police officers' support for the traditional socialization model of the quasi-military\\u000a stress academy and its effects on their attitudes toward outsiders and non-law enforcement functions. More specifically, it\\u000a examines consequences of quasi-military training on attitudes toward civilians in police departments, on serving minority\\u000a groups and the community, and on criticality ratings of job

Stan Shernock

1998-01-01

94

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...would necessitate adding or removing a Family Violence indicator and notices of the expiration of support...parent, putative father, child); (x) Family violence indicator (domestic violence or child abuse); (xi) Indication of an...

2010-10-01

95

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...would necessitate adding or removing a Family Violence indicator and notices of the expiration of support...parent, putative father, child); (x) Family violence indicator (domestic violence or child abuse); (xi) Indication of an...

2011-10-01

96

Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

Haas, Karen S.

97

Beliefs about Child Support Modification Following Remarriage and Subsequent Childbirth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Framed by equity theory, fairness beliefs regarding child support modification to account for the financial impact of remarriage and subsequent childbirth were assessed. Based on a random sample of 407 Kentucky residents using a multiple segment factorial vignette approach, modification was supported by 57% of respondents following remarriage, but…

Hans, Jason D.

2009-01-01

98

6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn -Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2  

E-print Network

6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn - Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2 Tags: Porn | Child pornography | child porn Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn ANI Jun 6, 2013, 05.31PM IST

Fung, Benjamin C. M.

99

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

100

Every Child Learning: Safe and Supportive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that students experience as safe and supportive will be more successful at promoting student achievement and developing qualities such as good character and citizenship. However, this commonsensible priority is sometimes slighted when other issues demand a school's attention. This guide identifies four core elements necessary to create and…

Learning First Alliance, Washington, DC.

101

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

102

The measurement and influence of child sexual abuse supportive beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of offence-related cognition is a major target of most cognitive–behavioural treatment programmes for sexual offenders, and a number of measures are available for this purpose. This study assessed the psychometric properties of a brief measure of beliefs that support and justify child sexual abuse: the Sex With Children (SWCH) scale. Factor analysis revealed two distinct types of belief:

Ruth Mann; Stephen Webster; Helen Wakeling; William Marshall

2007-01-01

103

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

104

Parents' reasons and motivations for supporting their child's music training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musical talent development in a child is a prolonged process requiring adult assistance of both large investments of time and financial resources. To understand the motivations of parents who support their children's music training, often initiating and sustaining it for a substantial period of time, a survey was sent to four music organizations on the east and west coasts. Parents

David Yun Dai; Robin Schader

2001-01-01

105

Economic Inequities in Child Support: The Role of Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing numbers, divorced families with a noncustodial mother and a custodial father have received scant research attention. Our study attempts to provide some initial insight into the economic status of these families. Examining the child support obligation, we find that noncustodial mothers face a much smaller award than noncustodial fathers, both in terms of the absolute dollar amount

Kate Stirling; Thomas Aldrich

2012-01-01

106

[Supporting the siblings of a child suffering from cancer].  

PubMed

As soon as a child is diagnosed with cancer, the family dynamics are overturned. The parents, destabilised by their feelings of powerlessness, must establish a dialogue with the caregivers, and the siblings must be supported from the moment the diagnosis is made. A psychoanalyst should be brought in early on in the end-of-life phase to offer support to the family members undergoing this ordeal. PMID:21702201

Oppenheim, Daniel

2011-01-01

107

Child Labor Amendments of 1991. Joint Hearing on S.600 To Amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 To Improve Enforcement of the Child Labor Provisions of Such Act, and for Other Purposes, before the Subcommittee on Labor and Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint hearing was held to consider S. 600, a U.S. Senate bill designed to help educate the public about federal child labor laws and strengthen enforcement of child labor laws through an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. Senator Howard M. Metzenbaum presided. The hearings were called because of sporadic enforcement of inadequate…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

108

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

109

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

110

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2010-10-01

111

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2013-10-01

112

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2014-10-01

113

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Travel  

E-print Network

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During: Faculty Advisor/Supervisor/Department Chair Authorized Signature Date Support for child care expenses/Coverage for Planned Care Employee Signature Signature Date #12;2 Child Care Support During Travel GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Rollins, Andrew M.

114

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2010-10-01

115

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2011-10-01

116

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2013-10-01

117

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2012-10-01

118

LEGISLATING LOVE: The Effect of Child Support and Welfare Policies on Father–child Contact  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reducing non-marital childbearing and making nonresidential fathers take greater responsibility for their children were identified as goals of numerous policy changes since the 1980s. Child-support award rates for children born to unmarried parents have been quite low historically, leading lawmakers to focus on increasing both award and payment rates for this group. Nonmarital fathers are also much less likely to

H. Elizabeth Peters; Laura M. Argys; Heather Wynder Howard; J. S. Butler

2004-01-01

119

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

120

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application for Federal at your college must compare information from your FAFSA with information you provide on this worksheet

Qiu, Weigang

121

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Qiu, Weigang

122

Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System (WEMS): A solution to support compliance of Multilateral Environmental Agreements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the rising number of international environmental agreements, it is increasingly difficult for many developing countries to meet the basic commitments of compliance to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). One major reason for non-compliance is an unforced restriction on enforcement information flow to the national environmental governance repository either due to policy regulations or, technological hindrance. The purpose of this paper

Remi Chandran; Padmanabhan Krishnan; Khoi Nguyen

2011-01-01

123

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

124

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2012-04-01

125

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2013-04-01

126

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2014-04-01

127

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2010-04-01

128

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2011-04-01

129

Mothers' and Fathers' Support for Child Autonomy and Early School Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions…

Developmental Psychology, 2008

2008-01-01

130

75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration...Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY...ACTION: Notice of a Computer Matching Program...publishing notice of a computer matching program between...Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)...

2010-06-03

131

An Evolutionary Perspective on Why Some Men Refuse or Reduce Their Child Support Payments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article begins by highlighting the sociological, macrolevel focus of previous work on the determinants of child support payments. We then highlight the value of addressing these issues from a psychological perspective. We argue that research and policy will benefit by em- bracing an explicitly evolutionary psychological perspective. We present several evolutionary hypotheses regarding the determinants of child support

Todd Shackelford; Viviana Weekes-Shackelford; David Schmitt

2005-01-01

132

Teacher support as a buffer between interparental conflict and child social skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child?raising issues on the social skills of middle?class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The prediction that teacher support buffers the association between

Solveig Spjeldnes; Gary Koeske; Esther Sales

2010-01-01

133

Increasing Family Support Capacity in Child Care Centers through Regional Networking and Information Sharing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Society as a whole has become more transient, creating a weakened network for families in need of assistance. The child care center has the ability to create a support system for families via referrals to outside agencies, support groups, and organizations. This practicum project assessed a strategy to address the difficulty a child care agency…

Rucker, Karen L.

134

2012 -2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID  

E-print Network

the information provided on this form. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information support, the name of the person to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom

Nelson, Tim

135

Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

2010-01-01

136

Residential Energy Code Technical Support: Training that Works for Enforcement Personnel  

E-print Network

. The Washington State Energy Office in conjunction with the International Conference of Building Officials, operates the Energy Codes Clearinghouse to provide technical energy code support to code officials. The service includes a toll-free hotline, published bi...

Bowman, J.

1988-01-01

137

Family preservation and family support programs: child maltreatment outcomes across client risk levels and program types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study evaluated client-level outcomes among an entire statewide group of Family Preservation and Family Support (FPFS) programs funded under PL 103-66.Method: A total of 1601 clients (primarily low income, moderate to high risk with no current involvement in the child protection system) were assessed and followed over time for future child maltreatment events reported to Child Protective Services.

Mark Chaffin; Barbara L Bonner; Robert F Hill

2001-01-01

138

Increasing Support for Alcohol-Control Enforcement Through News Coverage of Alcohol's Role in Injuries and Crime  

PubMed Central

Objective: Prior research has shown that the proportion of news stories about violent crimes, car crashes, and other unintended injuries that mention the possible contributing role of alcohol is far lower than the actual proportion of alcohol-related crimes and unintended injuries. An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that inclusion of such mention can increase concern about alcohol risks and support for alcohol-control measures, which have elsewhere been shown to decrease alcohol-related problems in community settings. Methodologically, we provide a model for experiments permitting generalization across randomly selected message stimuli. Method: Sixty randomly selected local news stories on violent crime, motor vehicle crashes, and other unintended injuries from newspapers throughout the United States were manipulated into versions including or not including alcohol as a causative factor. Participants (n = 785) were drawn from a national online research panel representative of the U.S. population; 66% of panel members contacted agreed to participate. Data were analyzed using mixed-effect, multilevel models to permit generalization across message and participant variability. Results: Mention of alcohol in news stories increased support for enforcement of alcohol-control laws. Conclusions: Efforts to increase mention of alcohol as a causative factor in news reports of violent crime and unintended injury have the potential to increase public support for alcohol-control policies. PMID:22333339

Slater, Michael D.; Hayes, Andrew F; Goodall, Catherine E.; Ewoldsen, David R.

2012-01-01

139

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2014-07-01

140

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2012-07-01

141

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2013-07-01

142

Case Studies of Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities: Travel and Field Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and evaluates 50 facilities and settings for play, child care, and early childhood development. Objectives of the research were to (1) sensitize the U.S. Army to the role of the physical environment in child play, care and development; (2) comparatively document and assess a sample of both military and civilian care…

Cohen, Uriel; And Others

143

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Bartfeld, Judi.; Cancian, Maria.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.; Meyer, Daniel R.

144

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

145

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

146

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

147

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

148

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk for…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

149

Unwed Fathers' Ability to Pay Child Support: New Estimates Accounting for Multiple-Partner Fertility  

PubMed Central

We present new estimates of unwed fathers’ ability to pay child support. Prior research relied on surveys that drastically undercounted nonresident unwed fathers and provided no link to their children who lived in separate households. To overcome these limitations, previous research assumed assortative mating and that each mother partnered with one father who was actually eligible to pay support and had no other child support obligations. Because the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study contains data on couples, multiple-partner fertility, and a rich array of other previously unmeasured characteristics of fathers, it is uniquely suited to address the limitations of previous research. We also use an improved method of dealing with missing data. Our findings suggest that previous research overestimated the aggregate ability of unwed nonresident fathers to pay child support by 33% to 60%. PMID:21305392

SINKEWICZ, MARILYN; GARFINKEL, IRWIN

2009-01-01

150

2013 -2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID  

E-print Network

support was paid, the names of the children for whom child support was paid, and the total annual amount. If asked, I agree to submit documentation supporting the information provided on this form. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information on this worksheet, you may be fined, sentenced to prison

Nelson, Tim

151

Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

Newland, Lisa A.

2014-01-01

152

Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.  

PubMed

Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

2013-01-01

153

45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...planning, design, development, installation...ownership rights in software, software...proprietary software. (1...planning, design, development, installation...operating/vendor software necessary for...planning, design, development,...

2010-10-01

154

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

...parent, putative father, child); (x) Family violence indicator (domestic violence or child abuse); (xi) Indication...information with the Federal parent locator service for the...of the Act, as necessary to perform State agency...

2014-10-01

155

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

156

Why Do Child-Directed Interactions Support Imitative Learning in Young Children?  

PubMed Central

Child-directed cues support imitation of novel actions at 18 months, but not at two years of age. The current studies explore the mechanisms that underlie the propensity that children have to copy others at 18 months, and how the value of child-directed communication changes over development. We ask if attentional allocation accounts for children's failure to imitate observed actions at 18 months, and their success at two years of age, and we explore the informational value child-directed contexts may provide across ontogeny. Eighteen-month-old (Study 1) and two-year-old (Study 2) children viewed causally non-obvious actions performed by child-directed (Study 1 & 2), observed (Study 1 & 2), or non-interactive (Study 2) actors, and their visual attention and imitative behaviors were assessed. Results demonstrated that child-directed contexts supported imitative learning for 18-month-old children, independent of their effects on proximal attention. However, by two years of age, neither directness nor communication between social partners was a necessary condition for supporting social imitation. These findings suggest that developmental changes in children's propensity to extract information from observation cannot be accounted for by changes in children's interpretation of what counts as child-directed information, and are likely not due to changes in how children allocate attention to observed events. PMID:25333623

Shneidman, Laura; Todd, Roisleen; Woodward, Amanda

2014-01-01

157

Ethnic Variations in Social Support Networks and Child Rearing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparing Ute Mountain Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos within several communities, this study examined: (1) ethnic differences in the structure and function of parents' support networks; and (2) the relation of social support to parental feelings of competence and parenting behaviors. From 4 sites in Colorado, 484 parents or guardians of 2- to…

MacPhee, David; And Others

158

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

159

The Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers on Nutrition: The South African Child Support Grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of research that has argued that the income elasticity of nutrition is low, the goal of a new generation of cash transfer programmes to boost the nutrition of poor families' children may seem surprising. This observation applies especially to South Africa's unconditional Child Support Grant (CSG), in which cash grants are made to families with no strings attached.

Jorge M. Agüero; Michael R. Carter; Ingrid Woolard

2007-01-01

160

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

161

Making Child Mental Health `Everybody's Business': A Training Course for Family Support Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of the development and delivery of a mental health teaching and training programme offered to Family Support Workers (FSWs) working in a range of schools in an economically deprived part of Bedfordshire. The FSWs had received no prior teaching in the area of child mental health, or in ways of engaging and communicating with children

Alex Harborne; Marc Van Roosmalen

2008-01-01

162

Why Doesn't She Have a Child Support Order? Personal Choice or Objective Constraint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quantitative analyses were conducted in order to examine maternal characteristics connected to the establishment of a child support order and reasons why some mothers did not have an order. Based on single-mother reports from the Current Population Survey during the 1994-1998 period, results indicated that approximately 36% of mothers eligible for…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Pouncy, Hillard

2005-01-01

163

Understanding and Supporting Parent-Child Relationships during Foster Care Visits: Attachment Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent visitation between parents and their children in foster care is the primary intervention for maintaining and supporting the development of parent child relationships necessary for reunification. This article examines the aspects of attachment relationships that provide an approach for understanding, assessing, and intervening in parent…

Haight, Wendy L.; Kagle, Jill Doner; Black, James E.

2003-01-01

164

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Early Childhood Edition, Kindergarten-Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with early elementary-aged children, specifically children in kindergarten through grade two, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

165

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

166

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

167

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

168

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

169

The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

Surles, Stephanie

2007-01-01

170

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment.  

PubMed

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3-15 in Chicago, we find that parents' family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression. PMID:23082038

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-07-01

171

Where Copyright Enforcement and Net Neutrality Collide - How the EU Telecoms Package Supports Two Corporate Political Agendas for the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a change to European Union (EU) telecoms law which de facto permits operators to impose restrictions on network traffic, and which enables such restrictions to be imposed for the purposes of copyright enforcement—thus it simultaneously facilitates two different policy agendas from the copyright and telecoms industries—‘three-strikes’ as well as ‘traffic management.’ The mechanism is a provision concerning

Monica Horten

2010-01-01

172

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

173

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

174

Exploring alternatives for improving child support application filing rates within the context of civil protection order cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of obtaining child support for victims of domestic violence has been well documented in the literature yet little systematic and empirical research has been conducted on how often victims apply for and receive this type of assistance and on how the number of child support filings can be increased among victims of domestic violence. This paper presents findings

Douglas L. Yearwood; Keith Dowd; Leslie Starsoneck

2008-01-01

175

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

176

Evaluation of an Online Peer Support Network for Fathers of a Child With a Brain Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre\\/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a

David B. Nicholas; Anu Chahauver; David Brownstone; Ross Hetherington; Ted McNeill; Eric Bouffet

2012-01-01

177

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

178

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher–child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation techniques. The study examined Banking Time effects in relation to changes in

Katherine C. Driscoll; Robert C. Pianta

2010-01-01

179

45 CFR 302.52 - Distribution of support collected in Title IV-E foster care maintenance cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01...Title IV-E foster care maintenance cases...302.52 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...Title IV-E foster care maintenance...

2012-10-01

180

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

181

Rev. 02/2013 Has one of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012?  

E-print Network

, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support received; or Copies of the child support payment checks or money order receipts. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information you may be fined, be sentenced to jail, or both. Each person

Rhode Island, University of

182

Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Ana-Maria Vranceanu; Stevan E. Hobfoll; Robert J. Johnson

2007-01-01

183

Attractiveness of child care and related employer-supported benefits and policies to married and single parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing demographics in the family and in the labor force necessitate creative solutions to the child care coordination problems that face employed parents with young children. The present study explores the appeal to 321 employed parents of various corporate-supported benefits and policies that enable parents to coordinate employment and child care. Major findings from the survey were that fathers as

Wendy A. Goldberg; Ellen Greenberger; Judith Koch-Jones; Robin O'Neil; Sharon Hamill

1989-01-01

184

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

185

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

186

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (iii) Dates of birth; (iv) Case identification...Issuing State of an order; and (viii...that has a support order in effect. The information...support owed under the order; (ii) Other...amounts; (v) The birth date and,...

2013-10-01

187

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (iii) Dates of birth; (iv) Case identification...Issuing State of an order; and (viii...that has a support order in effect. The information...support owed under the order; (ii) Other...amounts; (v) The birth date and,...

2012-10-01

188

Interorganizational relationships among family support organizations and child mental health agencies.  

PubMed

This study examined: (1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and (2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: (a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; (b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and (c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions. PMID:22865099

Acri, Mary C; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2014-07-01

189

Connectedness and autonomy support in parent-child relationships: links to children's socioemotional orientation and peer relationships.  

PubMed

Connectedness and autonomy support in the parent-child relationship are constructs that emerge from object relations and attachment theories but that overlap with other commonly studied qualities of parent-child relationships to provide a unifying focus for research in this domain. In this study, these constructs were examined in relation to children's relational competence, including socioemotional orientation, friendship, and peer acceptance. Semistructured conversations between mothers and their 5-year-olds (N = 192) were videotaped at home and rated for (a) connectedness between the members of the dyad and (b) the parent' s support for the child's autonomy. Results showed that connectedness was correlated with children's socioemotional orientations, number of mutual friendships, and peer acceptance and that the relation between parent-child connectedness and children's peer relationships was mediated by children's prosocial-empathic orientation. Implications of these findings for theories that link parent-child relationships to the development of relational competence in children are discussed. PMID:10902700

Clark, K E; Ladd, G W

2000-07-01

190

Certification/enforcement analysis  

SciTech Connect

Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

None

1980-06-01

191

Child Support Act 1988 (No. 3 of 1988), 9 March 1988.  

PubMed

This Act provides for the collection of certain periodic maintenance payments in Australia. The goals of the Act are "1) that children receive from their parents the financial support that the parents are liable to provide and 2) that periodic amounts payable by noncustodial parents towards the maintenance of their children are paid on a regular and timely basis." In order to achieve these goals, the Act establishes a Child Support Agency and a system for registration of child support obligations. Such obligations, whether created by court orders or maintenance agreements, are to be entered by the Commissioner of Taxation in a Register and are to be deducted from the salary of the noncustodial parent by that parent's employer in the same manner as other deductions. Such monies are then to be paid to the custodial parent by the Department of Social Security. Appeals with respect to entries in the Register are to be made to the Family Court or other authorized courts. PMID:12289181

1988-01-01

192

Rev. 02/2013 Has the student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012?  

E-print Network

support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom support received; or Copies of the child support payment checks or money order receipts. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information you may be fined, be sentenced to jail, or both. Each person

Rhode Island, University of

193

Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of child, teacher, and peer reports of teacher-student support.  

PubMed

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse 2nd- and 3rd-grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and nonsignificant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with 2 latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with 1 factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N; Kwok, Oi-Man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-03-01

194

Improving Parenting in Families Referred for Child Maltreatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining Effects of Project Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Support is an intervention designed to decrease coercive patterns of aggressive discipline and increase positive parenting. This research evaluates Project Support in a sample of families reported to Children's Protective Services (CPS) for allegations of physical abuse or neglect; 35 families with a child between 3- and 8-years-old participated. In all families, CPS allowed the children to remain in

Ernest N. Jouriles; Renee McDonald; David Rosenfield; William D. Norwood; Laura Spiller; Nanette Stephens; Deborah Corbitt-Shindler; Miriam Ehrensaft

2010-01-01

195

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior, and family support networks. Data were gathered from 47

Stephen Erich; Patrick Leung; Peter Kindle; Sharon Carter

2005-01-01

196

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

197

Improving parenting in families referred for child maltreatment: a randomized controlled trial examining effects of Project Support.  

PubMed

Project Support is an intervention designed to decrease coercive patterns of aggressive discipline and increase positive parenting. This research evaluates Project Support in a sample of families reported to Children's Protective Services (CPS) for allegations of physical abuse or neglect; 35 families with a child between 3- and 8-years-old participated. In all families, CPS allowed the children to remain in the family home while the family received services. Families were randomly assigned to receive either Project Support or services as usual, which were provided by CPS or CPS-contracted service providers. To evaluate intervention effects, a multimethod, multi-informant assessment strategy was used that included data from mothers' reports, direct observation of parents' behavior, and review of CPS records for re-referrals for child maltreatment. Families who received Project Support services showed greater decreases than families who received services as usual in the following areas: mothers' perceived inability to manage childrearing responsibilities, mothers' reports of harsh parenting, and observations of ineffective parenting practices. Only 5.9% of families in the Project Support condition had a subsequent referral to CPS for child maltreatment, compared with 27.7% of families in the comparison condition. The results suggest that Project Support may be a promising intervention for reducing child maltreatment among families in which it has occurred. PMID:20545406

Jouriles, Ernest N; McDonald, Renee; Rosenfield, David; Norwood, William D; Spiller, Laura; Stephens, Nanette; Corbitt-Shindler, Deborah; Ehrensaft, Miriam

2010-06-01

198

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

199

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior,…

Erich, Stephen; Leung, Patrick; Kindle, Peter; Carter, Sharon

2005-01-01

200

The Economics of Child Trafficking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we highlight the economic effects of the existence of child trafficking. We show that the risk of child trafficking on the labor market acts as a deterrent to supply child labor, unless household survival is at stake. An imperfectly enforceable legislation aiming at fighting child trafficking, by raising the expected gains parents derive from sending their children

Sylvain E. Dessy; Stéphane Pallage

2003-01-01

201

28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS...agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency...enforcement agency involves allegations of sexual abuse, serious physical injury, or...

2010-07-01

202

28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS...agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency...enforcement agency involves allegations of sexual abuse, serious physical injury, or...

2011-07-01

203

Ritual Abuse: A Law Enforcement View or Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The law enforcement perspective concerning the credibility and truthfulness of allegations of ritual child sexual abuse is discussed. The differences in levels of proof needed by parents, therapists, social workers, and police are described. (BRM)

Lanning, Kenneth V.

1991-01-01

204

Sound Investments: Financial Support for Child Care Builds Workforce Capacity and Promotes School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, the Southern Regional Task Force on Child Care, comprised of appointees from 16 southern states including Oklahoma and the mayor of the District of Columbia, with additional appointees from the other agencies, was formed with the charge of developing a plan to improve access to child care assistance for low-income families in the southern…

Southern Inst. on Children and Families, Columbia, SC.

205

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the…

Lynch, Meghan; Batal, Malek

2012-01-01

206

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

Zoll, Susan M.

2011-01-01

207

Comprehensive Child Development Program--A National Family Support Demonstration. First Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comprehensive Child Development Act of 1988 provided for the establishment of Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP) projects to be administered by the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF). A total of 24 CCDP projects were funded through 1990. The CCDP works with the family as a unit and integrates services across…

Hubbell, Ruth; And Others

208

Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

2011-01-01

209

Assumptions and beliefs about the role of AD dolls in child sexual abuse validation interviews: are they supported empirically?  

PubMed

The use of anatomically detailed dolls in child sexual abuse validation interviews is based on a number of underlying assumptions and beliefs. However, only over the last 12 years have researchers begun to evaluate the validity of these assumptions and beliefs systematically. This consideration of the existing AD doll empirical literature reveals that the support for some of the assumptions underlying the use of the dolls, as well as the surrounding beliefs, is available. However, for other assumptions and beliefs support is less firm, frequently contradictory, and sometimes absent. The evidence of support for these assumptions and beliefs is discussed and future research needs are identified. PMID:10160234

Skinner, L J

1996-01-01

210

Social Support Expectations and Strategic Ambiguity in Parent–Young Adult Child Divorce-Related Stressor Conversations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With communication privacy management and the divorce disclosure model as guiding frameworks, this study identified the stressors postdivorce families discussed as they mature, elucidated the types of social support parents and young adult children expected regarding divorce-related stress, and tested whether motivational and contextual factors prompted parents' use of strategic ambiguity while discussing stressors. By examining parent–child divorce-related stressor conversations

Tara G. McManus; Jon F. Nussbaum

2011-01-01

211

Linking child care and support services with the school: Pilot evaluation of the school of the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of an evaluation of two pilot Schools of the 21st Century (21C), a school-based services model which provides a comprehensive program of child care and family support to children from birth to 12 years old. Two elementary schools in Independence, Missouri, serving predominately middle-class white suburban communities, were tracked during their 2nd, 3rd and 4th

An-Me Chung; Laura Desimone

1998-01-01

212

Social support of parents: Influences on attachment and parent involvement with infants in full-time child care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, I investigate the links between parents' social support (SS), infant-parent attachment (Att), Parent involvement (PI), and life stress (LS). Forty-one infants, receiving at least 20 hours of family child care per week, and one of their parents (identified as the primary caregiver) participated. Attachment security Q-sort scores and Parent involvement ratings were based on home observations.

Cheryl Ann Fortner-Wood

1997-01-01

213

Early Parent-Child Interactions Predicting Later Child Behavior Problem Trajectories: The Role of Hostility and Supportive Presence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of early parenting behaviors on externalizing pathways over time. Specifically, we examined whether supportive presence and hostility in early childhood predicted externalizing behavior pathways across elementary school years in three possible ways: predicting initial levels of problems behavior, change in behavior over time, or both. Hierarchical linear modeling was

Karen Appleyard

214

5 CFR 870.803 - Child incapable of self-support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE PROGRAM Order of Precedence and Designation of Beneficiary...the employing office, at the time of making the election, a doctor's certificate stating that the child is incapable of...

2010-01-01

215

Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79  

E-print Network

is a pay scale that not only sets wages high enough to discourage the rapid turnover common in civilian stands in stark contrast to the mixed bag of child-care options and spotty subsidies for civilians. "The

Rowley, Clarence W.

216

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

217

Parental and Peer Contributions to the Emotional Support Skills of the Child: From Whom Do Children Learn to Express Support?  

E-print Network

in emotional support skills become evident in early childhood, little is known about the social experiences that lead some children to become more skillful providers of emotional support than others. The present study assessed the influence of two socialization...

Burleson, Brant R.; Kunkel, Adrianne

2002-01-01

218

A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.  

PubMed

The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

2014-10-01

219

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

220

Do Relationship and Child Characteristics Predict Supportive Coparenting After Relationship Dissolution Among At-Risk Parents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative coparenting after relationship dissolution has been shown to be associated with increased father involvement which can buffer against the negative effects of parental relationship dissolution. Low-income, at-risk families are much more likely to experience relationship dissolutions; hence, coparenting after dissolution is particularly important in these families. We examined whether relationship and child characteristics predicted initial levels of, and change

Claire M. Kamp Dush; Letitia E. Kotila; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan

2010-01-01

221

Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

2013-01-01

222

Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child (ages 4-12) with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationships. Stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling…

Rivers, Jessica Wood; Stoneman, Zolinda

2003-01-01

223

Play at Home, Play in the Classroom: Parent/Professional Partnerships in Supporting Child Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the role of play in development of young children with disabilities considers the different forms of play as the child develops, the social nature of play, contexts and play materials, and the value of including play goals and strategies in the individualized family service plan or individual education program developed cooperatively…

Buchanan, Michelle; Cooney, Margaret

2000-01-01

224

Parental Denial: A Supportive and Productive Mechanism Following Traumatic Brain Injury of a Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although denial is usually viewed as a mechanism which impedes a family's adjusting to a child's permanent disability, the mechanism may also be viewed as a family ally which contributes to recovery and positive outcomes in brain-injured children. This paper reviews several types of denial seen in clinical settings and provides examples of both…

Williams, Dennis

225

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

226

Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

Yates, Tweety

2011-01-01

227

Stress in rural law enforcement.  

PubMed

Questionnaires and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were administered to rural police officers to determine whether stressful factors were comparable to those of urban officers. Most (90%) indicated the job was stressful, but traditional measures of police stress failed to support this perception. It is suggested that the denial of the effects of stress may be a prerequisite to successful performance in rural law enforcement. PMID:6877982

Bergen, G T; Bartol, C R

1983-06-01

228

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... the CCTAN site. > What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

229

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

230

Enforceable security policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A precise characterization is given for the class of security policies enforceable with mechanisms that work by monitoring system execution, and automata are introduced for specifying exactly that class of security policies. Techniques to enforce security policies specified by such automata are also discussed.

Fred B. Schneider

2000-01-01

231

Enforcing Constitutional Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

I examine the enforcement of constitutional constraintson government. Citizens must be able to identify and prevent(or correct) observed violations of the constitution to successfullyenforce constraints. Identification requires specialized knowledgenecessitating employment of experts in constitutional law. Collectiveaction and coordination problems can also plague constitutionalenforcement efforts. I argue that judicial review is a relativelyefficient enforcement mechanism which substantially mitigatesthese problems.

Daniel Sutter

1997-01-01

232

Compliance, Enforcement and Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores government approaches to ensuring environmental compliance. In particular, it explores a variety of approaches with the greatest capacity (i) to achieve compliance (as distinct from enforcement), (ii) that are easily enforceable (administrative efficiency and effectiveness) and (iii) which promote innovation on the part of regulatees. 1. A Context: The Shifting Regulatory Landscape In the continuing trend of

Neil Gunningham

233

Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law…

Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

234

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

2004-01-01

235

Fostering Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and the purpose of this study was to examine teachers' implementation of Banking Time.

Katherine C. Driscoll; Lijuan Wang; Andrew J. Mashburn; Robert C. Pianta

2011-01-01

236

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

237

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support of a severe metabolic crisis in a child with methylmalonic acidemia.  

PubMed

A 9-year-old female, with mut phenotype of methylmalonic acidemia who developed severe vasoplegic shock during a metabolic crisis, was successfully supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. PMID:22711065

Stark, Ryan J; Naik-Mathuria, Bindi J; Lam, Fong W; Olutoye, Oluyinka O; Sutton, V Reid; Shekerdemian, Lara S

2012-01-01

238

Mother-child relationships as sources of support or stress: a comparison of competent, average, aggressive, and anxious dyads.  

PubMed

We tested the proposition that mother-child relationships can be sources of support or stress, by comparing patterns of mother-child interactions in a problem-solving task that children completed with their own and with an unfamiliar mother. 4 groups of preschoolers (n = 30 in each group)--identified on the basis of teacher ratings as socially competent, average, aggressive, or anxious--participated. Mothers of competent and average children were highly positive and reciprocal toward their own and unfamiliar children. Mothers of aggressive and anxious children were only positive and reciprocal toward unfamiliar children but generally indiscriminate (aggressive group) or aversive and negatively reciprocal (anxious group) toward their own. Children in all 4 groups tended to be reciprocal toward their own mothers, but only competent and average children were reciprocal toward unfamiliar mothers also. Aggressive and anxious children generally responded to unfamiliar mothers by ignoring or actively rejecting their overtures. Results (1) indicate that the relationship with the primary caregiver may serve as a major source of support or stress in the preschool years; (2) focus attention on the dynamic organization of interactions rather than on the presence or frequency of particular behaviors, indicating that a dynamic of reciprocity enables children and mothers to adapt positively to the ever changing demands of new social situations; (3) point to the need to develop new means of assessing relationships to better understand how they influence development; and (4) highlight the importance of incorporating transactional models in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood dysfunctions rather than accounting for them solely in terms of limited skills in parents or children. PMID:8112116

Dumas, J E; LaFreniere, P J

1993-12-01

239

Behavioral support to parents through a cellular-phone website that provides the degree of urgency for medical attention of a child.  

PubMed

When a child suddenly falls ill, the child's family assesses if medical attention is required immediately. However, even in case of minor illnesses, it is not possible to approach a medical institution after consultation hours, and the burden on doctors from overtime-emergency medical examinations becomes a social problem. This study proposes the use of a cellular-phone website that provides information about the degree of urgency for medical attention to parents, who can choose the child's symptoms on the cellular-phone website regardless of the time or place. Therefore, through this study, parents experimentally evaluated the cellular-phone website; also, the effectiveness of this method as a behavioral support for parents was also evaluated. When an advice about the degree of urgency for a child's treatment was taken from the cellular-phone website, the parents felt relieved. Thus, the distress faced by pediatricians may change completely. PMID:23920889

Iwasawa, Mariko; Miyahara, Jyutaro; Noriaki, Terasawa; Nozue, Hiroki; Sumazaki, Ryo

2013-01-01

240

Government Initiatives to Encourage Employer-Supported Child Care: The State and Local Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to identify a range of strategies that New York State government could adopt to stimulate business and industry to provide supportive family benefits, services, and work policies. The investigation included a national survey of state and local government initiatives and a special analysis of policies appropriate for New York…

Friedman, Dana E.

241

SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR DISCLOSURE OF CHILD OR ADULT SEXUAL ABUSE AMONG COLLEGE WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), dating violence, victim disclosure, and dating violence. It was hypothesized that women who were sexually abused as children, and who received negative or no support for disclosure would have higher rates of dating violence. The study surveyed 126 single, college women. The results

Jazmine Cuevas; Emilio C. Ulloa; Monica D. Ulibarri

242

What Does Your Child Really Know? Supporting Teachers to Listen Closely to Our Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Close listening and observation of children as an alternative assessment is a powerful approach that can help balance an emphasis on standardized measurement. The tool of Reggio-inspired documentation is described for families with suggestions on how to advocate and support teachers who want to tell a story about children's learning that…

Cox Suárez, Stephanie

2014-01-01

243

Can child care assistance in welfare and employment programs support the employment of low-income families?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policymakers have long recognized child care as a key ingredient in low-income parents' employability. We examine the effects of expansions in child care policies that were bundled with a mix of employment-related policies and implemented as part of several random assignment studies on families' child care access and cost. Almost all of these welfare and employment programs increased employment and

Lisa A. Gennetian; Danielle A. Crosby; Aletha C. Huston; Edward D. Lowe

2004-01-01

244

Can Child Care Assistance in Welfare and Employment Programs Support the Employment of Low-Income Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers have long recognized child care as a key ingredient in low-income parents' employability. We examine the effects of expansions in child care policies that were bundled with a mix of employment-related policies and implemented as part of several random assignment studies on families' child care access and cost. Almost all of these…

Gennetian, Lisa A.; Crosby, Danielle A.; Huston, Aletha C.; Lowe, Edward D.

2004-01-01

245

Battered Child Syndrome: Investigating Physical Abuse and Homicide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Battered child syndrome is a tragic and disturbing phenomenon. Unfortunately, it is a crime that is often successfully hidden by its perpetrators. Law enforcement has an important role to play in uncovering cases of battered child syndrome and gathering e...

2000-01-01

246

Balancing Work and Family:The Role of Employer-Supported Child Care Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stress of balancing work and family demands has increased as more wives and mothers have entered the workforce. One way to alleviate that stress is through employer-supported, family-related benefits and policies. The purpose of this research is to determine what family-oriented benefits and policy options are being offered by businesses in one state, as well as the circumstances or

DIAN L. SEYLER; PAMELA A. MONROE; JAMES C. GARAND

1995-01-01

247

The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

2011-01-01

248

Illinois Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act  

E-print Network

as one whose parent or immediate family member, or any other person responsible for the child's welfare indicated treatment or other care necessary for child's wellbeing, including adequate food, clothing: Medical Personnel School and Child Care Personnel Law Enforcement Personnel Funeral Home Employees

Nickrent, Daniel L.

249

The role of perceived parent monitoring and support on urban child and adolescent problem behavior.  

PubMed

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8-17 years old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant. None of the models were significant for pre-teen males and lack of home monitoring was significant for teen males. Strategies for preventing problem behavior within urban communities will be more effective if they are tailored to gender and developmental factors. PMID:19821137

Aalsma, Matthew C; Liu, Gilbert C; Wiehe, Sarah E

2011-02-01

250

Exploring the Relations Among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms Among Sexually Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and did account for a significant amount of variance in relation to trauma

Carla J. Reyes

2008-01-01

251

A Person-Centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent-child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12-15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach,…

Weaver, Scott R.; Kim, Su Yeong

2008-01-01

252

Implementation of a Culturally Appropriate Positive Behavior Support Plan with a Japanese Mother of a Child with Autism: An Experimental and Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate a family-centered approach to positive behavior support (PBS) that was designed to be culturally responsive to families of diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds. A Japanese mother and a child with autism were the primary participants. Multiple research methods were used. A…

Cheremshynski, Christy; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Olson, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

253

Caregiving grandmothers with vs. without child welfare system involvement: Effects of expressed need, formal services, and informal social support on caregiver burden  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined needs, formal service utilization, informal support, and caregiver burden among grandmothers parenting grandchildren. Two groups were compared: 73 public and 108 private caregivers (with vs. without child welfare system involvement). Public caregivers used more formal services, particularly basic subsistence and legal services, suggesting greater access. Higher levels of need were associated with higher levels of caregiver burden.

Catherine Chase Goodman; Marilyn Kay Potts; Eileen Mayers Pasztor

2007-01-01

254

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

255

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

256

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

257

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

2008-01-01

258

Enforcing Business Policies Through Automated Reconfiguration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we address dynamic reconfiguration from the point of view of the enforcement of the policies that organisations wish to see imposed through the way infor- mation systems support business. We address the process of evolution by proposing a primitive - coordination con- text - for modelling the circumstances in which reconfigu- ration can and should take place.

Luis Filipe Andrade; José Luiz Fiadeiro; Michel Wermelinger

2001-01-01

259

Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

Antonio, Chad

2009-01-01

260

Poor Dads Who Don't Pay Child Support: Deadbeats or Disadvantaged? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-30. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief uses 1997 National Survey of America's Families data to examine characteristics of poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support. Overall, poor fathers resemble poor mothers in educational levels and barriers to employment. Of the 2.5 million poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support, the two largest groups are…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

261

Training Law Enforcement Officers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach to cooperative efforts between a mental health center and a law enforcement agency. A series of programs were developed to provide human relations skills training to police officers. These cooperative training programs are designed to increase interpersonal sensitivity in dealing with citizens and fellow officers alike. (SJL)

Hipple, John L.; Hipple, Lee

1976-01-01

262

LAW ENFORCEMENT VIOLENCE & DISASTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, images of thousands of New Orleans residents — the majority of whom were low income women of color and their children, elders, and others, unable, due to poverty, to leave the city before Hurricane Katrina struck, abandoned by our government — were quickly followed by images of law enforcement violence and abuse of individuals struggling to survive under

 POLICE BRUTALITY

263

Enforcing pollution control laws  

SciTech Connect

The heightened environmental consciousness of the 1970s prompted passage of a multitude of ambitious and unprecedented laws designed to clean up the environment and protect it for future generations. But beyond the mere passing of laws lay the difficult tasks of implementing, monitoring, and enforcing them. The authors of this book describe the current state of air and water pollution monitoring and enforcement activity a decade later, within the context of relevant legal, technological, and statistical developments. They mediate between the concerns of the theoretical literature-where it is generally assumed that violations are discovered and punished-and the real world-where violations are rarely discovered and almost never punished. Monitoring and enforcement procedures to date have been aimed at achieving initial rather than continuing compliance with regulations. The authors contend that it is time for a new approach focusing on the enduring problems of compliance. Economic models are used to show the extent of the difficulties involved in monitoring and enforcing pollution control laws on a continuous basis.

Russell, C.S.; Harrington, W.; Vaughan, W.J.

1986-01-01

264

Lectures on Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three lectures on law enforcement are presented that were prepared for study purposes at Johnson County Community College. The first lecture examines the fundamental ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and discusses their influence on the American Revolution, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Major provisions of the Bill of…

Nettleship, Lois

265

Political Repression and Child Labor: Theory and Empirical Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most normative studies on child labor arrive at the conclusion that child labor is detrimental to social welfare. Child labor is, however, still prevalent in many developing countries even though in many of these countries it is forbidden by law. In this paper we develop a political-economic model that explains lenient enforcement of existing child labor legislation. The most important

Sandro Maffei; Nikolai Raabe; Heinrich Ursprung

2004-01-01

266

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

267

Distributed Norm Enforcement Via Ostracism  

Microsoft Academic Search

An agent normative society has to deal with two main con- cerns: how to dene norms and how to enforce them. Enforcement be- comes a complex issue as agent societies become more decentralized and open. We propose a new distributed mechanism to enforce norms by os- tracizing agents that do not abide by them. Our simulations have shown that, although

Adrian Perreau De Pinninck; Carles Sierra; W. Marco Schorlemmer

2007-01-01

268

29 CFR 42.6 - Enforcement strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Enforcement strategy. 42.6 Section 42.6 Labor...ENFORCEMENT § 42.6 Enforcement strategy. (a) Each Regional Farm Labor...basis, a migrant farm labor enforcement strategy for each protective statute...

2011-07-01

269

Capacity of frontline ICDS functionaries to support caregivers on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Gujarat, India.  

PubMed

Improved infant and young child feeding practices have the potential to improve child growth and development outcomes in India. Anganwadi Workers, the frontline government functionaries of the national nutrition supplementation programme in India, play a vital role in promoting infant and young child feeding practices in the community. The present study assessed the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge of infant and young child feeding practices, and their ability to counsel and influence caregivers regarding these practices. Eighty Anganwadi Workers from four districts of Gujarat participated in assessment centres designed to evaluate a range of competencies considered necessary for the successful promotion of infant and young child feeding practices. The results of the evaluation showed the Anganwadi Workers possessing more knowledge about infant and young child feeding practices like initiation of breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and colostrum, age of introduction of complementary foods, portion size and feeding frequency than about domains which appear to have a direct bearing on practices. A huge contrast existed between the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge and their ability to apply this in formal counselling sessions with caregivers. Inability to empathetically engage with caregivers, disregard for taking the feeding history of children, poor active listening skills and inability to provide need-based advice were pervasive during counselling. In conclusion, to ensure enhanced interaction between the Anganwadi Workers and caregivers on infant and young child feeding practices, a paradigm shift in training is required, making communication processes and counselling skills central to the training. PMID:25384724

Chaturvedi, Anuraag; Nakkeeran, N; Doshi, Minal; Patel, Ruchi; Bhagwat, Sadhana

2014-11-01

270

Going-to-Scale with the Early Risers Conduct Problems Prevention Program: Use of a Comprehensive Implementation Support (CIS) System to Optimize Fidelity, Participation and Child Outcomes  

PubMed Central

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically-dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L.; August, Gerald J.; Lee, Susanne S.; Lee, Chih-Yuan S.; Realmuto, George M.; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2012-01-01

271

Support and Reluctance in the Pre-Substantive Phase of Alleged Child Abuse Victim Investigative Interviews: Revised versus Standard NICHD Protocols  

E-print Network

that the same (or better) level of reliability was evident. Coders were blind to protocol condition. Analytic Plan The data were prepared so each conversational turn contained a dichotomous score for the presence of support and another dichotomous score... ., & Herbison, P. (1993). Prevalence of childhood sexual abuse experiences in a community sample of women. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(5), 911–919. Berliner, L., & Conte, J. (1990). The process of victimization...

Ahern, Elizabeth C.; Hershkowitz, Irit; Lamb, Michael E.; Blasbalg, Uri; Winstanley, Alice

2014-01-01

272

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-05-08

273

Please use this map as a guide on the road to finding services and supports for your child and family  

E-print Network

County to help you along the way. In this category, you will find services including legal benefits Immunizations, lead testing, fluoride supplements, child passenger safety seat grant program · WIC -Women, Infants, and Children: Supplemental foo

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

274

To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

Clifton P. Flynn

1998-01-01

275

The Quality of Spousal Social Support as a Moderator of the Associations Between Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment has been linked to a myriad of long-term difficulties, including trauma symptomatology. However, not all victims experience long-term distress. Thus, a burgeoning area of research focuses on factors that may impede or facilitate resiliency to the psychological correlates of child maltreatment. Specifically, the severity of the abusive acts may be associated with greater long-term difficulties. To date, however,

Sarah E Evans

2010-01-01

276

Protecting Children From Online Predators: The Use of Covert Investigation Techniques by Law Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the range of cybercrimes expands, law enforcement agencies develop new strategies for their investigation. One method being adopted by police in some countries is to exploit the same anonymity that criminals use to operate online and engage with actual or potential suspects using assumed identities. For example, police investigating online child grooming may assume the identity of a child

Gregor Urbas

2010-01-01

277

DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and breastfed infant Scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and breastfed infant pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from Merck Selbstmedikation GmbH submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of Germany, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2009-01-01

278

DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and breastfed infant Scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and breastfed infant pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from Merck Selbstmedikation GmbH submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of Germany, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2009-01-01

279

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

280

Effect of Peer Counselling by Mother Support Groups on Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: The Lalitpur Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective Our primary objective was to evaluate the effect of peer counselling by mother support groups (MSG's) in improving the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the community. Methods We conducted this repeated-measure before and after study in the Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India between 2006 and 2011. We assessed the IYCF practices before and after creating MSG's within the community. The feeding practices were reassessed at two time points–2 (T1) and 5 years (T2) after the intervention and compared with that of the pre-intervention phase (T0). Results The total population covered by the project from the time of its initiation was 105000. A total of 425 (T0), 480 (T1) and 521 (T2) mother infant pairs were selected from this population. There was significant improvement in the following IYCF practices in the community (represented as %; adjOR (95% CI, p) such as initiation of breast feeding within 1 hour at both T1 (71% vs. 11%); 19.6 (13.6, 28.2, p?=?<0.0001)and T2 (62% vs. 11%); 13.3 (9.4, 18.9, p?=?<0.0001); use of prelacteal feeds at both T1 (67% vs. 15%); 12.6 (CI: 9.0, 17.6, p<0.0001) and T2 (67% vs. 5%); 44.4 (28.8, 68.4, p?=?<0.0001); rates of exclusive breast feeding for 6 months at both T1 (50% vs. 7%); 13.6 (7.6, 25.0, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (60% vs. 7%); 20.5 (11.3, 37.2, p?=?<0.0001); initiation of complementary feeding at T1 (85% vs. 54%); 5.6 (3.6, 8.7, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (96% vs. 54%); 22.9 (11.8, 44.1, p?=?<0.0001) and complementary feeding along with continued breast feeding at both T1 (36% vs. 4.5%); 6 (1.15, 31.4, p?=?0.033) and T2 (42% vs. 4.5%); 8.06 (1.96, 49.1, p?=?0.005) as compared to pre-intervention period (T0) after adjusting for important social and demographic variables. Conclusions Peer counseling by MSG's improved the IYCF practices in the district and could be sustained. PMID:25369452

Kushwaha, Komal P.; Sankar, Jhuma; Sankar, M. Jeeva; Gupta, Arun; Dadhich, J. P.; Gupta, Y. P.; Bhatt, Girish C.; Ansari, Dilshad A.; Sharma, B.

2014-01-01

281

Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare  

PubMed Central

Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

Glisson, Charles

2013-01-01

282

Psychosocial Support for War-Traumatized Child and Adolescent Refugees: Evaluation of a Short-Term Treatment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed psychosocial treatment program for war traumatized child and adolescent refugees. The program was designed to reduce emotional distress and improve psychosocial functioning.Method: Ten young Kosovan refugees (mean age 13.3 years) residing in Germany participated in the manual based intervention program. This multimodal program consists of individual, family and

Heike Möhlen; Peter Parzer; Franz Resch; Romuald Brunner

2005-01-01

283

Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems. Practice Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth who are involved with the juvenile justice and child welfare systems face many challenges and barriers to academic and vocational success. Regardless of the reasons for their involvement, youth in these systems are "disproportionately children and youth of color who currently have, or have experienced, a host of risk factors that are…

Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M. J.; Read, N. W.

2012-01-01

284

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

285

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Application of an Empirically Supported Treatment to Maltreated Children in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health…

Timmer, Susan G.; Urquiza, Anthony J.; Herschell, Amy D.; McGrath, Jean M.; Zebell, Nancy M.; Porter, Alissa L.; Vargas, Eric C.

2006-01-01

286

"Anchors Away!" Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive…

Muscott, Howard Steven; Pomerleau, Tina; Dupuis, Sherry

2009-01-01

287

The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling  

E-print Network

Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

Edmonds, Eric V

288

Videofile for Law Enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Components of a videotape storage and retrieval system originally developed for NASA have been adapted as a tool for law enforcement agencies. Ampex Corp., Redwood City, Cal., built a unique system for NASA-Marshall. The first application of professional broadcast technology to computerized record-keeping, it incorporates new equipment for transporting tapes within the system. After completing the NASA system, Ampex continued development, primarily to improve image resolution. The resulting advanced system, known as the Ampex Videofile, offers advantages over microfilm for filing, storing, retrieving, and distributing large volumes of information. The system's computer stores information in digital code rather than in pictorial form. While microfilm allows visual storage of whole documents, it requires a step before usage--developing the film. With Videofile, the actual document is recorded, complete with photos and graphic material, and a picture of the document is available instantly.

1977-01-01

289

In Search of Parity: Child Custody\\/Visitation and Child Support for Lesbian Couples Under “Companion” Cases Debra H. and In Re H.M  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is engaged in a national debate over whether to grant same-sex couples the rights and privileges of marriage. Supporters of marriage equality flood the media with images of jubilant same-sex couples simply wanting the chance to say their “I dos” and have the state formally recognize their shared love and commitment. The unfortunate reality is, however, that

Jason C. Beekman

2011-01-01

290

Cyberspace Pornography: Problems with Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the availability of pornography, particularly child pornography, on the Internet and child access to it. Defines pornographic material and child pornography, discusses its commercial and noncommercial uses and the responsibility for child access, and presents solutions: content tagging; CyberAngels, a volunteer group created by the…

Thomas, Daphyne Saunders

1997-01-01

291

A Systematic Approach to Child Care Regulatory Review, Policy Evaluation and Planning To Promote Health and Safety of Children in Child Care: A Manual for State and Local Child Care and Maternal and Child Health Agency Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is written for state and local administrators and statewide child care and child health organizations looking for ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their child care regulatory review, rule-making process, and enforcement system. Data collection procedures and a review team process, state administrators can identify…

Griffin, Abbey; Fiene, Richard

292

Employer Supported Child Care: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. A Conference on Child Care as an Employee Benefit (Costs and Benefits, Successful Programs, Company Options, Current Issues). Conference Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many aspects of employer-sponsored child care programs--including key issues, costs and benefits, programmatic options, and implementation strategies--are discussed in these conference proceedings. Public policy issues, legal aspects of child care as an employee benefit, tax incentives for corporate child care, and funding sources for child care…

Haiman, Peter, Ed.; Sud, Gian, Ed.

293

24 CFR 3500.19 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Enforcement. 3500.19 Section 3500.19 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.19 Enforcement. (a) Enforcement...

2010-04-01

294

24 CFR 3500.19 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Enforcement. 3500.19 Section 3500.19 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.19 Enforcement. (a) Enforcement...

2011-04-01

295

45 CFR 150.201 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.201 State enforcement. Except as provided in subpart C of this part, each State enforces HIPAA requirements with respect to health insurance issuers that...

2010-10-01

296

Don’t Fret, Be Supportive! Maternal Characteristics Linking Child Shyness to Psychosocial and School Adjustment in Kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore the moderating role of maternal personality and parenting characteristics in the links\\u000a between shyness and adjustment in kindergarten. Participants were 197 children enrolled in kindergarten programs (and their\\u000a mothers and teachers). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, behavioral observations, teacher ratings,\\u000a and individual child interviews. Results indicated that shyness was associated

Robert J. Coplan; Kimberley A. Arbeau; Mandana Armer

2008-01-01

297

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

298

Predicting the Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Women: The Role of Abuse Severity, Parental Support, and Coping Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and

Lex L. Merrill; Cynthia J. Thomsen; Barbara B. Sinclair; Steven R. Gold; Joel S. Milner

2001-01-01

299

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

300

Optimizing Web Service Composition While Enforcing Regulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To direct automated Web service composition, it is compelling to provide a template, workflow or scaffolding that dictates the ways in which services can be composed. In this paper we present an approach to Web service composition that builds on work using AI planning, and more specifically Hierarchical Task Networks (HTNs), for Web service composition. A significant advantage of our approach is that it provides much of the how-to knowledge of a choreography while enabling customization and optimization of integrated Web service selection and composition based upon the needs of the specific problem, the preferences of the customer, and the available services. Many customers must also be concerned with enforcement of regulations, perhaps in the form of corporate policies and/or government regulations. Regulations are traditionally enforced at design time by verifying that a workflow or composition adheres to regulations. Our approach supports customization, optimization and regulation enforcement all at composition construction time. To maximize efficiency, we have developed novel search heuristics together with a branch and bound search algorithm that enable the generation of high quality compositions with the performance of state-of-the-art planning systems.

Sohrabi, Shirin; McIlraith, Sheila A.

301

EPA enforcement at a crossroads  

SciTech Connect

Environmental enforcement policy in the US is at a crossroads today, faced with a choice of two competing approaches for achieving the country's environmental goals. On the one hand is the federal government's current push to beef up enforcement of environmental laws by increasing the severity of criminal sanctions and general enforcement activities. On the other hand is the growing trend in many environmental regulations to incentivize voluntary compliance by encouraging pollution prevention and self-auditing. Although these two approaches are not inherently incompatible, there is growing concern that the government's current emphasis on criminal enforcement may severely undermine the goal of voluntary compliance by creating an overly adversarial relationship between government and industry and by placing corporate managers at risk of incurring personal liability when they attempt to ferret out environmental compliance problems.

Humphreys, S.L. (Kelley Drye and Warren, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-10-15

302

76 FR 80847 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 RIN 3141-AA50...Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Notice...is clear and convincing evidence that a gaming operation defrauds a tribe. The...

2011-12-27

303

77 FR 47517 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission. ACTION: Final rule...SUMMARY: The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC or Commission)...

2012-08-09

304

Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways through Caregiving and the Home Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a…

McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

2007-01-01

305

Corrective Enforcement of Security Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Monitoring is a powerful security policy enforcement paradigm that allows the execution of a potentially malicious software\\u000a by observing and transforming it, thus ensuring its compliance with a user-defined security policy. Yet some restrictions\\u000a must be imposed on the monitor’s ability to transform sequences for the enforcement to be meaningful. The intuition behind\\u000a our model is that the monitor should

Raphael Khoury; Nadia Tawbi

2010-01-01

306

45 CFR 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.203 Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement. CMS enforces HIPAA requirements to the extent warranted...enforce or that it is not otherwise enforcing HIPAA requirements. (b) Determination...

2010-10-01

307

Practical Domain and Type Enforcement for UNIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Type enforcement is a table-oriented mandatory access control mechanism well-suited for confining applications and restricting information flows. Although both flexible and strong, type enforcement alone imposes significant administrative costs and has not been widely adopted. Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) is an enhanced version of type enforcement designed to provide needed simplicity and compatibility. Two primary techniques distinguish DTE from

Lee Badger; Daniel F. Sterne; David L. Sherman; Kenneth M. Walker; Sheila A. Haghighat

1995-01-01

308

The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

1999-01-01

309

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

310

5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in subpart G of this part) and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR...child support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a...

2012-01-01

311

5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in subpart G of this part) and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR...child support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a...

2013-01-01

312

Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

2001-12-01

313

Forest commons and local enforcement  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements. PMID:18768821

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-01-01

314

Forest commons and local enforcement.  

PubMed

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements. PMID:18768821

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-09-01

315

Measuring Child Care Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care quality is not a single dimension, but rather a multidimensional characteristic of programs that support the family in its child-rearing role and programs in which children thrive developmentally, socially, cognitively, physically, and emotionally. At the regulatory and accreditation level, approaches to quality focus on group size,…

Fiene, Richard

316

Management by Parent Objectives: A Case Study Establishing the Feasibility of Employer-Sponsored Child Care and Other Family Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the feasibility of family support programs as a means by which management may constructively respond to the changes in the workforce in order to fulfill its own objectives. The analysis takes into account both theory and practice, applying learned concepts to the design and execution of an actual feasibility study at a small,…

Friedman, Dana E.

317

The Efficacy of Supported Treadmill Ambulation Training to Improve Gait in a Child with a Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the number one killer of young adults in the United States. For the patient with a traumatic brain injury, the primary objective of physical therapy is to facilitate functional, physical independence. When a patient is nonambulatory or dependent in ambulation, a body weight support system may enable him or her to engage in task-specific

Mike Binet; Brian Murphy

2003-01-01

318

Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

2011-01-01

319

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants. Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing…

Sieger, Karin; Renk, Kimberly

2007-01-01

320

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

321

Innovative telecommunications for law enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operation of computer-aided dispatch, mobile digital communications, and automatic vehicle location systems used in law enforcement is discussed, and characteristics of systems used by different agencies are compared. With reference to computer-aided dispatch systems, the data base components, dispatcher work load, extent of usage, and design trends are surveyed. The capabilities, levels of communication, and traffic load of mobile digital communications systems are examined. Different automatic vehicle location systems are distinguished, and two systems are evaluated. Other aspects of the application of innovative technology to operational command, control, and communications systems for law enforcement agencies are described.

Sohn, R. L.

1976-01-01

322

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

323

Child Care as Welfare Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series from the Child Care Law Center, this issue of "Working for Change" discusses the need for quality, affordable child care as a support for working parents trying to break out of welfare dependency. This report details the current realities of poor parents who struggle to find and pay for child care while they work and those who…

Working for Change, 1995

1995-01-01

324

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

325

Law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response  

PubMed Central

Background Law enforcement is often the first to respond to medical emergencies in the community, including overdose. Due to the nature of their job, officers have also witnessed first-hand the changing demographic of drug users and devastating effects on their community associated with the epidemic of nonmedical prescription opioid use in the United States. Despite this seminal role, little data exist on law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response. Methods We conducted key informant interviews as part of a 12-week Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) process that aimed to better understand and prevent nonmedical prescription opioid use and overdose deaths in locations in Connecticut and Rhode Island experiencing overdose “outbreaks.” Interviews with 13 law enforcement officials across three study sites were analyzed to uncover themes on overdose prevention and naloxone. Results Findings indicated support for law enforcement involvement in overdose prevention. Hesitancy around naloxone administration by laypersons was evident. Interview themes highlighted officers’ feelings of futility and frustration with their current overdose response options, the lack of accessible local drug treatment, the cycle of addiction, and the pervasiveness of easily accessible prescription opioid medications in their communities. Overdose prevention and response, which for some officers included law enforcement-administered naloxone, were viewed as components of community policing and good police-community relations. Conclusion Emerging trends, such as existing law enforcement medical interventions and Good Samaritan Laws, suggest the need for broader law enforcement engagement around this pressing public health crisis, even in suburban and small town locations, to promote public safety. PMID:24051061

Green, Traci C.; Zaller, Nickolas; Palacios, Wilson R.; Bowman, Sarah E.; Ray, Madeline; Heimer, Robert; Case, Patricia

2014-01-01

326

45 CFR 309.75 - What administrative and management procedures must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...a) A description of the structure of the IV-D agency...

2012-10-01

327

45 CFR 309.75 - What administrative and management procedures must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...a) A description of the structure of the IV-D agency...

2011-10-01

328

45 CFR 309.75 - What administrative and management procedures must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...a) A description of the structure of the IV-D agency...

2013-10-01

329

45 CFR 309.75 - What administrative and management procedures must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...a) A description of the structure of the IV-D agency...

2010-10-01

330

Deriving Enforcement Mechanisms from Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies provide a flexible and scalable approach to the management of distributed systems by separating the specification of security requirements and their enforcement. Over the years the expressiveness of policy languages increased considerably making it possible to capture a variety of complex requirements that for example depend on the history of the system execution. The most important criteria for the

Helge Janicke; Antonio Cau; François Siewe; Hussein Zedan

2007-01-01

331

Strategic Leniency and Cartel Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cornerstone of cartel enforcement in the United States and elsewhere is a commitment to the lenient prosecution of early confessors. A burgeoning gametheoretical literature is ambiguous regarding the impacts of leniency. I develop a theoretical model of cartel behavior that provides empirical predictions and moment conditions, and apply the model to the complete set of indictments and information reports

Nathan H. Miller

2009-01-01

332

Career Development for Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication reports the findings of the first year of an ongoing study of career development systems in law enforcement. It focuses on the need to develop four capabilities: identification of organizational needs, identification of individual attributes and interests, reconciliation of the needs of the organization with the needs of available…

Los Angeles County Sheriff's Dept., CA.

333

Can Immigration Laws Be Enforced?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current immigration law contains loopholes that make it difficult to restrict illegal immigration. Needed are enforcement strategies that maximize benefits from limited resources and are politically acceptable to American citizens. Such strategies might include increasing cost of entry, and focusing post entry operations on aliens involved in…

Harwood, Edwin

1983-01-01

334

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION REGISTRATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), as part of its efforts to control the abuse and misuse of controlled substances and chemicals used in producing some over-the-counter drugs, maintains databases of individuals registered to handle these substances. These databases are av...

335

Making Work Pay: How To Design and Implement Financial Work Supports To Improve Family and Child Well-Being and Reduce Poverty. How-To Guide: Technical Assistance for States and Localities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to design and implement financial work supports in order to improve family and child well-being. The information provided draws heavily from the study of these three programs that increased employment and earnings while improving employment stability, boosting income, and reducing poverty: Minnesota Family Investment…

Greenberger, Debbie; Anselmi, Robert

336

Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

337

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

338

Campaign Planning for Peace Enforcement Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph examines various campaign planning considerations for peace enforcement operations. Peace enforcement, which is the use of military force to either restore or compel peace, is becoming more prevalent, particularly as the United Nations cont...

B. J. Gebhard

1994-01-01

339

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

340

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

2010-07-01

341

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

2011-07-01

342

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

2013-07-01

343

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

2014-07-01

344

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843...Office will furnish a copy of any enforcement document to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management upon...

2012-07-01

345

78 FR 4323 - Compliance and Enforcement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to review by the Office of Management and Budget. List of Subjects in 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement, Enforcement actions, Gambling, Gaming, Indians, Indian gaming. Text of the Rules For the reasons discussed in the Preamble, the Commission...

2013-01-22

346

12 CFR 370.11 - Enforcement mechanisms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement mechanisms. 370.11 Section 370.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL...TEMPORARY LIQUIDITY GUARANTEE PROGRAM § 370.11 Enforcement mechanisms. (a) Termination of Participation . If...

2010-01-01

347

12 CFR 1024.19 - Enforcement.  

...Section 1024.19 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT (REGULATION X) Mortgage Settlement and Escrow Accounts § 1024.19 Enforcement. (a) Enforcement policy. It is...

2014-01-01

348

76 FR 80846 - Definition of Enforcement Action  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 502 RIN 3141-AA43...Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Notice...enforcement action''. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act authorizes the NIGC...

2011-12-27

349

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2011-01-01

350

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2014-01-01

351

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2010-01-01

352

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2012-01-01

353

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Enforcement policy. 1602.1 Section 1602.1 Commercial...FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1602.1 Enforcement policy. (a) On May 14, 1973, the...

2013-01-01

354

25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.  

...THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all project regulations now or...

2014-04-01

355

25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all project regulations now or...

2010-04-01

356

12 CFR 722.7 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement. 722.7 Section 722.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS APPRAISALS § 722.7 Enforcement. Credit unions and...

2010-01-01

357

76 FR 48919 - NRC Enforcement Policy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sections on Enforcement Discretion A) Section 3.8, Notices of Enforcement Discretion for Operation Power Reactors and Gaseous Diffusion Plants: Add a footnote to the section title that states: ``NOEDs will not be used at reactors during construction...

2011-08-09

358

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2012-01-01

359

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2010-01-01

360

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2014-01-01

361

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2011-01-01

362

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2013-01-01

363

Enforcing the pause  

PubMed Central

The transition of paused RNA polymerase II into productive elongation is a highly dynamic process that serves to fine-tune gene expression in response to changing cellular environments. We have recently reported that the transcription factor Sp3 inhibits the transition of paused RNA Pol II to productive elongation at the promoter of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21CIP1 and other Sp3-repressed genes. Our studies support the view that Sp3 has three modes of action: activation, SUMO-Sp3-mediated heterochromatin silencing and SUMO-independent inhibition of elongation. At the p21CIP1 promoter, binding of the positive elongation factor P-TEFb kinase was not affected by Sp3. In contrast, Sp3 promoted binding of the protein phosphatase PP1 to the p21CIP1 promoter, suggesting that Sp3-dependent regulation of the local balance between kinase and phosphatase activities may contribute to gene expression. Our findings show that the transition of paused RNA Pol II to productive elongation is an important step regulated by both promoter-specific activators and repressors to finely modulate mRNA expression levels. PMID:23676218

Valin, Alvaro; Gill, Grace

2013-01-01

364

On The Distributional Consequences Of Child Labor Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dynamic heterogeneous agent general equilibrium model is constructed to quantify the effects of child labor legislation on human capital accumulation and the distribution of wealth and welfare. Crucial model elements include a human capital externality in the market sector, an informal home production sector in which child labor laws cannot be enforced, uninsurable idiosyncratic income risk, borrowing constraints, and

Dirk Krueger; Jessica Tjornhom Donohue

2007-01-01

365

On the Distributional Consequences of Child Labor Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we construct a dynamic heterogeneous agent general equilibrium model to quantify the effects of child labor legislation on human capital accumulation and the distribution of wealth and welfare. Crucial model elements include a human capital externality in the market sector, an informal home production sector in which child labor laws cannot be enforced, uninsurable idiosyncratic income risk,

Dirk Krueger; Jessica Tjornhom Donohue

2004-01-01

366

The economics of enforcing air pollution controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The likely effects of alternative implementation and enforcement policies available to control agencies on the control of industrial air pollution are examined from an economic point of view. Policy alternatives studied include legal enforcement through the new source performance standards set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency and two effluent fee enforcement policies. A generalized model of the effects of

Paul B. Downing; William Watson Jr.

1974-01-01

367

Combating child homicide: preventive policing for the new millennium.  

PubMed

High-profile media coverage of crimes against children has heightened public awareness of critical child safety needs and issues. However, numerous research studies in the area of child homicide have illustrated the importance of the power of science to correct false perceptions and misinformation, improving how to best serve and protect our children. Age-based analyses of childhood crime patterns have vastly improved how law enforcement and social service practitioners identify, investigate, and resolve child victimization cases. Future protective efforts must involve multiagency and multidisciplinary collaboration. Law enforcement, social service clinicians, educators, and academicians should jointly develop and implement pragmatic and effective prevention, detection, and resolution programs and policies. PMID:15722491

Boudreaux, Monique C; Lord, Wayne D

2005-04-01

368

Childhood physical abuse, early social support, and risk for maltreatment: current social support as a mediator of risk for child physical abuse? 1 1 ? The research for this paper was conducted as part of the first author’s fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral degree and was under the direction of the second author  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The study investigated whether perceptions of social support in adulthood partially mediated the associations between childhood experiences (i.e., receipt of physical abuse and levels of early social support) and adult risk for child physical abuse.Method: Participants included 598 general population adults who completed self-report measures designed to assess childhood physical abuse, perceptions of early and current social support, and

Julie L. Crouch; Joel S. Milner; Cynthia Thomsen

2001-01-01

369

Legislation for child labor and compulsory schooling in Pakistan: some issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of proper legislation about child labor and compulsory schooling, and its enforcement sustains child labor and a bulk of out of school children in Pakistan. This is manifested in different ways. In this paper we have discussed the issues of legislation and its implementation. Since child labor legislation do not cover informal sector, it is further hampered by

Rana Ejaz Ali Khan; Warda Najeeb Jamal

2008-01-01

370

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... suicide or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

371

Parental Vaccine Beliefs and Child's School Type  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school system plays an important role in a child's vaccination status, whether by directly offering immunization services, maintaining immunization records, or providing an incentive for up-to-date immunizations through the enforcement of school entry laws. Within the American educational system, however, children do not all attend the same…

Kennedy, Allison M.; Gust, Deborah A.

2005-01-01

372

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

373

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operating as part of the Border and Transportation Security Office (which itself is part of the Department of Homeland Security), the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Office is designed "to prevent acts of terrorism by targeting the people, money, and materials that support terrorist and criminal activities." The agency's tremendously useful website contains sections that address border security, public security, financial and trade investigations, and of course, material on careers with the ICE. The agency's homepage is a great way to learn about its most recent achievements as it features recent success stories from various ICE initiatives, whether it be prosecuting those accused of abducting illegal aliens or those persons who have conspired to commit domestic terrorist acts against the United States government. The public security section is a nice touch as well, as it provides information about such programs as the federal air marshals initiative and the ICE's "Most Wanted" list.

2005-01-01

374

Age-progression technology and its application to law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of recent computer technology of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) has provided the means to age progress faces of long term missing children. In the thousands of cases of missing children that have disappeared for two or more years, there is a particular priority to identify and recover these children. It is apparent that long term solutions to this problem lie in the realm of technology. One of the areas is the computerized aging of children's faces. Forensic artists working with this new technology help this goal become a reality. When imaging a child's face, the forensic artist must consider using photographs of the biological family at an age consistent with the age of the missing child. With these pictures, a reasonable likeness can be produced using computer technology. This image can aid law enforcement, child find and social service agencies and the public in their search for the missing child. Unique features of the system provide for the stretching, merging, pixelation and refining of a completed progression. A knowledge of the steps of facial growth and anatomy is necessary to achieve an accurate image. Future developments in age progression and facial reconstruction may be in the realm of morphing technology. Application of this technology is being tested to provide a more accurate image for investigative use.

Heafner, Horace

1996-02-01

375

Identifying and Managing Stress in Child Pornography and Child Exploitation Investigators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, law enforcement personnel have increasingly been tasked to police the internet in an effort to staunch\\u000a the production and distribution of child pornography and to investigate computer-facilitated child exploitation. These investigative\\u000a personnel have encountered a range of assignment-specific challenges and strains as a result of their involvement in this\\u000a taxing and novel investigative activity. In some

Meredith Krause

2009-01-01

376

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2010-04-01

377

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2011-04-01

378

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2012-04-01

379

'Stranger' child-murder: issues relating to causes and controls.  

PubMed

Most industrialised countries are concerned with a perceived increase in the killing of children and adolescents by strangers. Though reliable statistics are lacking, the growth of serial murder suggests that more young persons may be at risk than ever before. Explanations, either of a psychological or sociological kind, of child murder by strangers are inadequately developed. Despite the tendency to see such killers as psychiatrically ill a number of studies suggest that the majority of offenders do not differ significantly, at least in psychological traits, from non-offenders. Subcultural and other sociological perspectives stressing "social disadvantage" have low levels of exploratory power and do not assist greatly in understanding child killings. Despite sketchy and contradictory evidence on the effects of the media on sexual and violent crime case study material supports the view that pornography, including popular music, may increase the propensity of individuals to commit atrocities. Counter-measures to control stranger child killing lie in more sophisticated law enforcement (profiling and computer links between police forces) long periods of incarceration of the offender and more sophisticated analyses of the crimes. PMID:3280447

Wilson, P R

1988-02-01

380

Uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For over 18 years, Texas Instruments (TI) has been developing low cost uncooled thermal imaging technology for night vision applications. Using technology developed with support from several government agencies, TI is offering this dual-use technology in a low cost system for police cruisers and other surveillance applications. TI has teamed with Highes Aircraft to provide NIGHTSIGHTTM, now being marketed jointly. Because NIGHSIGHT is a passive thermal image, it gives law enforcement officers the ability to see in total darkness. This capability gives the uncooled system distinct advantages over image intensifiers which require some degree of visible light. It also differs from typical cryogenic or cooled IR systems because it does not contain a cryogenic cooler mechanism or a scanner which lowers the complexity, costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Police across the US have tested prototype sensors with positive results. Police officers often praise the ability to see in total darkness and report the many advantages of the system and how it changes their perspective on law enforcement. Systems have also been provided to the Drug Enforcement Agency, INS border patrol, prison security staff, Baltimore-Washington International Airport security, Texas Parks and Wildlife Service and the Los Angeles Harbor Patrol and have been used in a variety of security and surveillance situations. The paper will address the implementation of the technology; discuss barriers to use such as cost, awareness, and system understanding, and examine the impact of the technology on the effectiveness of law enforcement at night.

Kyle, Robert J. S.; Van Dover, Douglas K.

1995-05-01

381

Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While some of theses capabilities are available at local crime laboratories, state-of-the-art equipment and breakthroughs in analytical techniques are continually being developed at DOE laboratories. Extensive experience with the handling of radioactive samples at the DOE labs minimizes the chances of cross-contamination of evidence received from law enforcement. In addition to high-sensitivity analyses, many of the field techniques developed for use in a nuclear facility can assist law enforcement personnel in detecting illicit materials and operations, in retrieving of pertinent evidence and in surveying crime scenes. Some of these tools include chemical sniffers, hand-held detectors, thermal imaging, etc. In addition, mobile laboratories can be deployed to a crime scene to provide field screening of potential evidence. A variety of portable sensors can be deployed on vehicle, aerial, surface or submersible platforms to assist in the location of pertinent evidence or illicit operations. Several specific nuclear technologies available to law enforcement and their potential uses are discussed.

Hofstetter, K.J.

2000-03-29

382

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms ... Sledding Safety (Audio) International Adoptions Recommend Testing Foster Parenting Changing Your Child's Behavior Consistent Snoring in Toddlers ...

383

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

384

Efficient Key Management for Enforcing Access Control in Outsourced Scenarios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data outsourcing is emerging today as a successful paradigm allowing individuals and organizations to exploit external servers for storing and distributing data. While trusted to properly manage the data, external servers are often not authorized to read them, therefore requiring data to be encrypted. In such a context, the application of an access control policy requires different data to be encrypted with different keys so to allow the external server to directly enforce access control and support selective dissemination and access.

Blundo, Carlo; Cimato, Stelvio; de Capitani di Vimercati, Sabrina; de Santis, Alfredo; Foresti, Sara; Paraboschi, Stefano; Samarati, Pierangela

385

40 CFR 46.215 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.215 Enforcement. (a) You must use fellowship funds for the purposes...

2010-07-01

386

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z Index MENU CDC A-Z SEARCH A B C D E F G H I ... Z # Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

387

Human Trafficking, Sex Tourism, and Child Exploitation on the Southern Border  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human trafficking and various other forms of child sexual exploitation on the United States-Mexico border are described from social science and law enforcement perspectives, including current laws and definitions, case examples, and descriptions of victims and traffickers. The Southern Border Initiative of the AMBER Alert Project is outlined as one effort to combat trafficking through collaboration between law enforcement agencies

Jim Walters; Patricia H. Davis

2011-01-01

388

Child labor still with us after all these years.  

PubMed

Child labor is a major threat to the health of children in the United States. The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that more than four million children are legally employed and that another one to two million are employed under illegal, often exploitative conditions. Across the United States, child labor accounts for 20,000 workers compensation claims, 200,000 injuries, thousands of cases of permanent disability, and more than 70 deaths each year. Agriculture and newspaper delivery are the two most hazardous areas of employment for children and adolescents. Poverty, massive immigration, and relaxation in enforcement of Federal child labor law are the three factors principally responsible for the last two decades' resurgence of child labor in the United States. Control of the hazards of child labor will require a combination of strategies including vigorous enforcement, education, and public health surveillance. PMID:10822472

Landrigan, P J; McCammon, J B

1997-01-01

389

Private ordering, collective action, and the self-enforcing range of contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contract enforcement is acknowledged as a major issue in Law and in Economics. Contrasting substitution and complementary\\u000a perspectives with respect to the role of private vs. public enforcement institutions, this article analyses how contract law\\u000a can support private institutions, and enhance economic efficiency. With multilateral agreements at stake, self-regulation\\u000a and reputation mechanisms at the core of private ordering have limitations

Armelle Mazé; Claude Ménard

2010-01-01

390

Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice  

PubMed Central

Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

2013-01-01

391

Responding to Child Abuse: A Handbook = Guide sur l'intervention en cas de mauvais traitements infliges aux enfants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, in English and French, provides guidelines for reporting and investigating child abuse and neglect by child care providers, law enforcement officials, social workers, health care providers, educators, and others as required by Alberta's Child Welfare Act. The handbook addresses: (1) how to recognize abuse and neglect; (2) how to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

392

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care—Related Work Disruptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents’ job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child care—related work disruption using two samples

Nicole D. Forry; Sandra L. Hofferth

2011-01-01

393

Child Care Quality: States' Difficulties Enforcing Standards Confront Welfare Reform Plans. Statement of Joseph F. Delfico, Director, Income Security Issues, Health, Education, and Human Services. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Regulation, Business Opportunities, and Technology, Committee on Small Business, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement: (1) discusses the growth in demand and supply of child care in the United States during the last 20 years; (2) defines quality child care and its importance; (3) examines what states do to protect children in care and why this has become increasingly difficult; and (4) notes further complications for states under proposed reforms…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

394

Policing, enforcement and low intensity conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using examples from sub?Saharan Africa, the paper examines what happens to the police, policing and enforcement when low intensity conflict (LIC) is endemic. It argues that the nature of policing and enforcement is shown by such circumstances because it is no longer obscured by routine government processes. State police action is based on legitimised coercion predicated on an ability to

Alice Hills

1997-01-01

395

The enforcement of commercial contracts in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using case studies of manufacturing and trading firms, this paper documents how commercial contracts are enforced in Ghana. Interviews were guided by a conceptual framework emphasizing credible enforcement mechanisms and information asymmetries. Results show that compliance with contractual obligations is mostly motivated by the desire to preserve personalized relationships based on mutual trust. Harassment is the main form of debt

Marcel Fafchamps

1996-01-01

396

Security Policy Enforcement Through Refinement Process  

E-print Network

. This program, described by refinement following the layers of the TCP/IP suite protocol, has to warn for all. Key words: Security policy enforcement, refinement, TCP/IP layers. 1 Introduction The separation software which has to enforce an abstract security policy in a TCP/IP network. Modern TCP/IP Work

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Border Enforcement and Migrant Location Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enforcement of the US-Mexico border quadrupled from 1980 to 2000. These increases were distributed non-uniformly along the border, targeting at various times regions believed to experience high volumes of illegal border crossings. This paper adopts a nested logit approach to examine how such geographic and time- series variation in annual border enforcement influences US destination choices for undocumented Mexican migrants.

Kelii H. Haraguchi

2008-01-01

398

Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement. A Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines many measures of enforcement output and outcomes that help to demonstrate the real impact of funding levels. The information, unless otherwise indicated was drawn from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agency budget documents for Fiscal Years 1979 through 1996. Resources provided for civil rights enforcement

Ball, Conner

399

14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

2011-01-01

400

14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.  

...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

2014-01-01

401

14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

2012-01-01

402

14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

2010-01-01

403

14 CFR 1260.162 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...severe enforcement action by NASA. (2) Disallow (that...taking an enforcement action, NASA shall provide the recipient...award are not allowable unless NASA expressly authorizes them...expired normally at the end of the funding period in which the...

2013-01-01

404

General statement of policy and procedures for NRC enforcement actions: Enforcement policy. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document includes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s or Commission`s) revised General Statement of Policy and Procedure for Enforcement Actions (Enforcement Policy) as it was published in the Federal Register on May 13, 1998 (63 ER 26630). The Enforcement Policy is a general statement of policy explaining the NRC`s policies and procedures in initiating enforcement actions, and of the presiding officers and the Commission in reviewing these actions. This policy statement is applicable to enforcement matters involving the radiological health and safety of the public, including employees` health and safety, the common defense and security, and the environment.

NONE

1998-05-01

405

Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout among Law Enforcement Investigators Exposed to Disturbing Media Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the psychological impact of viewing disturbing media on investigators engaged in computer forensics work.\\u000a Twenty-eight federal law enforcement personnel who investigate Internet child pornography cases completed measures of secondary\\u000a traumatic stress disorder (STSD) and burnout. Substantial percentages of investigators reported poor psychological well-being.\\u000a Greater exposure to disturbing media was related to higher levels of STSD and cynicism.

Lisa M. Perez; Jeremy Jones; David R. Englert; Daniel Sachau

2010-01-01

406

New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and the Justice Department for civilian law enforcement applications. MMW sensors are under development which should provide the needed capabilities including radiometric sensors at 95 GHz, active 95 GHz real aperture radars, active focal plane array (FPA) radars, and holographic radars. Radiometric sensors include 2D FPA systems, 1D FPA, scanned systems, and single element scanned sensors. Active FPA radars include illuminated radiometric systems and coherent radar systems. Real aperture MMW radar systems include raster scanned and conical scanned sensors. Holographic systems ruse mechanical scanners to collect coherent data over a significant solid angular sector.

Currie, Nicholas C.; Ferris, David D., Jr.; McMillan, Robert W.; Wicks, Michael C.

1997-06-01

407

12 CFR 205.13 - Administrative enforcement; record retention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Administrative enforcement; record retention. 205.13 Section 205...Administrative enforcement; record retention. (a) Enforcement by federal...this part. (b) Record retention. (1) Any person subject...the matter unless an earlier time is allowed by court or...

2011-01-01

408

12 CFR 1005.13 - Administrative enforcement; record retention.  

...Administrative enforcement; record retention. 1005.13 Section 1005...Administrative enforcement; record retention. (a) Enforcement by Federal...of the Act. (b) Record retention. (1) Any person...the matter unless an earlier time is allowed by court or...

2014-01-01

409

12 CFR 205.13 - Administrative enforcement; record retention.  

...Administrative enforcement; record retention. 205.13 Section 205...Administrative enforcement; record retention. (a) Enforcement by federal...this part. (b) Record retention. (1) Any person subject...the matter unless an earlier time is allowed by court or...

2014-01-01

410

36 CFR 1270.50 - Consultation with law enforcement agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Consultation with law enforcement agencies. 1270.50 Section 1270...Presidential Records Compiled for Law Enforcement Purposes § 1270.50 Consultation with law enforcement agencies. (a) For the...

2010-07-01

411

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirement § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2013-10-01

412

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2012-10-01

413

40 CFR 158.355 - Enforcement analytical method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Enforcement analytical method. 158.355 Section 158...REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES Product Chemistry § 158.355 Enforcement analytical method. An analytical method suitable for enforcement...

2010-07-01

414

10 CFR 490.605 - Statement of enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Statement of enforcement policy. 490.605 Section 490.605 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Investigations and Enforcement § 490.605 Statement of enforcement policy....

2010-01-01

415

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2010-10-01

416

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2012-10-01

417

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

418

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

419

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2012-10-01

420

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2010-10-01

421

34 CFR 300.537 - State enforcement mechanisms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false State enforcement mechanisms. 300.537 Section 300.537 ...Procedures § 300.537 State enforcement mechanisms. Notwithstanding §§ 300.506...would prevent the SEA from using other mechanisms to seek enforcement of that...

2010-07-01

422

Effective regulations with little effect? The antecedents of the perceptions of environmental officials on enforcement effectiveness in China.  

PubMed

Enforcement gaps are an especially vexing problem in China due to pervasive "pro-growth" local government priorities, the weak administrative capacity of environmental agencies themselves, and relatively weak levels of societal support for a cleaner environment. This study seeks to examine this problem from the perspective of the local enforcement officials by empirically examining the relationships between these and other influences on their perceptions of enforcement effectiveness. Using samples of enforcement officials from the fast-growing cities of Chengdu, Dalian, and Guangzhou, this study finds that many of the more commonly cited problems related to regulatory enforcement were not as influential in accounting for variations in perceptions of enforcement effectiveness than the current literature might suggest. Moreover, this study also finds that the pattern of influences varies greatly across jurisdictions, with only the officials' belief in the legitimacy of the governments' policies being significant in all three samples. Strong influences on perceptions of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples include the environmental values of enforcement officials, their perceptions of organizational capacity for enforcement, and their assessment of government support for environmental protection. Although government support was found to be a strong predictor of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples, the influence of societal support had a somewhat mixed and more complicated effect. In addition, this study suggests that further improvements in enforcement effectiveness may be possible by cultivating or selecting enforcement officials with strong environmental values and beliefs in the legitimacy of the government's environmental policy to take charge of enforcement. Because it is generally accepted that local environmental protection bureaus are generally upgrading their organizational capacity for improvement as the result of increasing central government support for environmental protection and institutional restructuring, and because environmental awareness in China is growing, this study suggests that some incremental progress is likely in China's efforts to close the enforcement gap. Unfortunately, such improvements are likely to be masked by the steep trajectory of economic growth, the narrow scope of regulatory control (i.e., with scant attention paid to nonindustrial sources), and the migration of industrial pollution to rural areas. PMID:16823524

Lo, Carlos Wing-Hung; Fryxell, Gerald E; Wong, Wilson Wai-Ho

2006-09-01

423

Effective Regulations with Little Effect? The Antecedents of the Perceptions of Environmental Officials on Enforcement Effectiveness in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enforcement gaps are an especially vexing problem in China due to pervasive “pro-growth” local government priorities, the weak administrative capacity of environmental agencies themselves, and relatively weak levels of societal support for a cleaner environment. This study seeks to examine this problem from the perspective of the local enforcement officials by empirically examining the relationships between these and other influences on their perceptions of enforcement effectiveness. Using samples of enforcement officials from the fast-growing cities of Chengdu, Dalian, and Guangzhou, this study finds that many of the more commonly cited problems related to regulatory enforcement were not as influential in accounting for variations in perceptions of enforcement effectiveness than the current literature might suggest. Moreover, this study also finds that the pattern of influences varies greatly across jurisdictions, with only the officials’ belief in the legitimacy of the governments’ policies being significant in all three samples. Strong influences on perceptions of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples include the environmental values of enforcement officials, their perceptions of organizational capacity for enforcement, and their assessment of government support for environmental protection. Although government support was found to be a strong predictor of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples, the influence of societal support had a somewhat mixed and more complicated effect. In addition, this study suggests that further improvements in enforcement effectiveness may be possible by cultivating or selecting enforcement officials with strong environmental values and beliefs in the legitimacy of the government’s environmental policy to take charge of enforcement. Because it is generally accepted that local environmental protection bureaus are generally upgrading their organizational capacity for improvement as the result of increasing central government support for environmental protection and institutional restructuring, and because environmental awareness in China is growing, this study suggests that some incremental progress is likely in China’s efforts to close the enforcement gap. Unfortunately, such improvements are likely to be masked by the steep trajectory of economic growth, the narrow scope of regulatory control (i.e., with scant attention paid to nonindustrial sources), and the migration of industrial pollution to rural areas.

Lo, Carlos Wing-Hung; Fryxell, Gerald E.; Wong, Wilson Wai-Ho

2006-09-01

424

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

425

Teacher Education, Motivation, Compensation, Workplace Support, and Links to Quality of Center-Based Child Care and Teachers' Intention to Stay in the Early Childhood Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early…

Torquati, Julia C.; Raikes, Helen; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.

2007-01-01

426

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

427

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

428

Helen Gordon Child Development Center WAITLIST APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Helen Gordon Child Development Center WAITLIST APPLICATION Waitlist Application Fee: Checks should: $25 ­ Community Families 1609 SW 12th Ave. Portland, OR 97201 Child's Information (7:30-5:30) ______ HGCDC is an inclusive program. In order to best support your child, please let us

Lafferriere, Gerardo

429

The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. Workers who compete with children in the labor market support a child labor ban, unless their own working children provide a large fraction of family income. Fertility decisions lock agents into specific political preferences, and multiple steady states can arise. The introduction of child labor laws can be

Matthias Doepke; Fabrizio Zilibotti

2005-01-01

430

Helping Your Preschool Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first five years of a child's life are a time of physical, emotional, and cognitive growth. The amount of support children receive during these early years can be strongly connected to the level of success they achieve later in life. Children whose families involve them in activities that allow them to wonder and experiment often take pleasure…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

431

Dateline Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Clinton administration's budget decisions concerning Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant; the Children's Defense Fund's support of Clinton administration policies; cuts in United Way aid to local charities; and the ineligibility of a center at which Bible stories are read to receive a Small Business…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1993

1993-01-01

432

Girl child and social change.  

PubMed

This article discusses the state of social change and the disparity between India's Constitutional aims and actual practice in addressing gender inequality and the special risks of female children in India. The second part of this article summarizes Constitutional articles and laws relating to protection of women and a girl child. Before birth, a female child is at risk of fetal death. A woman is at risk of poorly performed abortions and maternal mortality. After birth, a girl child is at risk of child care of younger siblings, housework, lack of education, wage work for the household, sexual abuse, vulnerability at work or school or on the street, murder by her parents, abuse, malnutrition, and desertion. The SAARC summit declared 1990 the Year of the Girl Child. UN conventions and a world summit focused on the Rights of the Child. A child has a right to freedom from exploitation, neglect and abuse, and access to food, health care, and education. Articles 14, 15, and 16 of India's Constitution guarantee protection from discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth and equality of opportunity in public employment. Article 23 prohibits trafficking in humans and forced labor. Article 24 prohibits child labor under the age of 14 years. Article 39 assures an adequate means of livelihood, equal pay, and protection from child abuse and economic pressure to work in jobs unsuitable to a child's age and strength. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education up to 14 years of age. Article 51 prohibits derogatory practices against women. Article 325 and 326 prohibits sex discrimination. Other laws pertain to dowry, marriage age, prostitution, abortion, juvenile justice, kidnapping, obscenity, procurement of a minor, sexual offenses, divorce and child support, child care, maternity benefits, and cruelty by a husband or relatives. The girl child in India continues to live in perpetual threat, both physiological and psychological. PMID:12157998

Seth, P

1995-01-01

433

Emergency department evaluation of child abuse.  

PubMed

Child abuse presents commonly to emergency departments. Emergency providers are confronted with medical, social, and legal dilemmas with each case. A solid understanding of the definitions and risk factors of victims and perpetrators aids in identifying abuse cases. Forensic examination should be performed only after the child is medically stable. Emergency providers are mandatory reporters of a reasonable suspicion of abuse. The role of the emergency provider is to identify abuse, facilitate a thorough investigation, treat medical needs, protect the patient, provide an unbiased medical consultation to law enforcement, and to provide an ethical testimony if called to court. PMID:23915607

Leetch, Aaron N; Woolridge, Dale

2013-08-01

434

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2010-07-01

435

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2011-07-01

436

31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

2012-07-01

437

12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

2014-01-01

438

12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

2013-01-01

439

31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 132.7 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

2010-07-01

440

12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

2011-01-01

441

31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

2014-07-01

442

12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

2010-01-01

443

31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

2011-07-01

444

12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

2012-01-01

445

31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

2013-07-01

446

48 CFR 1426.7004 - Compliance enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...7004 Section 1426.7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Indian Preference 1426.7004 Compliance enforcement. (a) The CO is...

2011-10-01

447

48 CFR 1426.7004 - Compliance enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...7004 Section 1426.7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Indian Preference 1426.7004 Compliance enforcement. (a) The CO is...

2010-10-01

448

48 CFR 1426.7004 - Compliance enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...7004 Section 1426.7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Indian Preference 1426.7004 Compliance enforcement. (a) The CO is...

2013-10-01

449

48 CFR 1426.7004 - Compliance enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...7004 Section 1426.7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Indian Preference 1426.7004 Compliance enforcement. (a) The CO is...

2012-10-01

450

Law Enforcement Training Spreads Across the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year police science training program offered by technical institutes and community colleges in North Carolina will keep law enforcement officers abreast of new developments in the field. It includes instruction in typing, English, and math. (HH)

Open Door, 1970

1970-01-01

451

Death notification: considerations for law enforcement personnel.  

PubMed

Death notification is among the most unpleasant and uncomfortable tasks a law enforcement officer undertakes. For years, law enforcement officers have been performing notifications that involved life threatening injuries or death from tragedies including suicide. Unfortunately, many officers have performed this task without appropriate training. Performing notifications can be physically and emotionally exhausting. Expressing the right words, understanding families' emotions, and responding with empathy are paramount. The attitude, demeanor, professionalism, and sensitivity of law enforcement officers projected during a notification are critical. The delivery of a notification can remain etched in a family member's memory forever. Many notifications have left family members with the perception that law enforcement officers are callous, thoughtless, and insensitive. This negative perception can be overcome through training and practice. This article presents several factors that supervisors and officers should consider in the notification process and offers guidelines to consider to best serve your agency and the community. PMID:15132001

Hart, C W; DeBernardo, Caren R

2004-01-01

452

12 CFR 1207.24 - Enforcement.  

...1207.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Minority and Women Inclusion and Diversity at Regulated Entities and the Office of Finance § 1207.24 Enforcement....

2014-01-01

453

12 CFR 1207.24 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1207.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Minority and Women Inclusion and Diversity at Regulated Entities and the Office of Finance § 1207.24 Enforcement....

2012-01-01

454

77 FR 47513 - Definition of Enforcement Action  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 502 Definition of Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Final...SUMMARY: The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC or Commission) is...

2012-08-09

455

77 FR 33786 - NRC Enforcement Policy Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announcing a revision to the Policy. The Commission also directed the NRC staff to reevaluate the portions of the Policy...Enforcement Discretion for Operating Power Reactors and Gaseous Diffusion Plants'' The following footnote was added to clarify...

2012-06-07

456

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...only in accordance with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05—Letter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance of the CPSC Enforcement...described in this chapter, firms must be informed by letter that they or their products may be the...

2011-01-01

457

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

...only in accordance with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05—Letter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance of the CPSC Enforcement...described in this chapter, firms must be informed by letter that they or their products may be the...

2014-01-01

458

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...only in accordance with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05—Letter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance of the CPSC Enforcement...described in this chapter, firms must be informed by letter that they or their products may be the...

2012-01-01

459

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...only in accordance with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05—Letter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance of the CPSC Enforcement...described in this chapter, firms must be informed by letter that they or their products may be the...

2013-01-01

460

18 CFR 1b.21 - Enforcement hotline.  

...1-888-889-8030 (toll free), by e-mail at hotline...Enforcement Hotline, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...the DRS Helpline toll-free at 1-877-337-2237...Resolution Service, Federal Energy Regulatory...

2014-04-01

461

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2013-07-01

462

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2012-07-01

463

29 CFR 786.250 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS MISCELLANEOUS EXEMPTIONS Newspaper Publishing § 786.250 Enforcement policy. The exemption provided by paragraph 13(a)(8) of the Fair Labor...

2010-07-01

464

34 CFR 74.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Enforcement. 74.62 Section 74.62 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education ADMINISTRATION OF GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT...

2010-07-01

465

30 CFR 937.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE OREGON § 937.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...and order to show cause issued pursuant to this subpart to the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral...

2013-07-01

466

30 CFR 937.843 - Federal enforcement.  

...FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE OREGON § 937.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...and order to show cause issued pursuant to this subpart to the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral...

2014-07-01

467

33 CFR 107.230 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY NATIONAL VESSEL AND FACILITY CONTROL MEASURES AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Unauthorized Entry Into Cuban Territorial Waters § 107.230 Enforcement....

2012-07-01

468

33 CFR 101.400 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: GENERAL Control Measures for Security § 101.400 Enforcement. (a) The rules and regulations in this subchapter are...

2011-07-01

469

33 CFR 101.400 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: GENERAL Control Measures for Security § 101.400 Enforcement. (a) The rules and regulations in this subchapter are...

2013-07-01

470

33 CFR 101.400 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: GENERAL Control Measures for Security § 101.400 Enforcement. (a) The rules and regulations in this subchapter are...

2010-07-01

471

33 CFR 101.400 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: GENERAL Control Measures for Security § 101.400 Enforcement. (a) The rules and regulations in this subchapter are...

2012-07-01

472

33 CFR 107.230 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY NATIONAL VESSEL AND FACILITY CONTROL MEASURES AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Unauthorized Entry Into Cuban Territorial Waters § 107.230 Enforcement....

2013-07-01

473

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection Areas § 17.107 Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding and inspection...

2013-10-01

474

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection Areas § 17.107 Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding and inspection...

2010-10-01

475

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection Areas § 17.107 Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding and inspection...

2012-10-01

476

50 CFR 17.107 - Facilitating enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) Manatee Protection Areas § 17.107 Facilitating enforcement. Water vehicles operating in manatee sanctuary or refuge waters are subject to boarding and inspection...

2011-10-01

477

34 CFR 300.615 - Records on more than one child.  

...2013-07-01 true Records on more than one child. 300.615 Section 300.615 Education...ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Monitoring, Enforcement...300.615 Records on more than one child. If any education record includes...

2014-07-01

478

Strengthening Forensic Investigations of Child Pornography on P2P Networks  

E-print Network

Strengthening Forensic Investigations of Child Pornography on P2P Networks Marc Liberatore Brian of children (child pornography). First, we present a five-month mea- surement performed in the law enforcement pornography had images of children younger than 3 years old; and that 16% of investigations of CP possession

Shields, Clay

479

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to requests from law enforcement professionals for guidelines on investigating child abuse and neglect, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention developed the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse series. This document is a synposis of each Portable Guide and provides annotated bibliographies of the series. The…

McNaughton, Janet

480

Terrorism Preparation by Michigan Law Enforcement Agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, compelled most Americans to imagine\\u000a the unimaginable. Increased interest was focused on lessons learned, specifically if local law enforcement agencies had made\\u000a appropriate organizational changes to manage potential terrorism events. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions\\u000a of law enforcement officers in the

Alison C. Bailey; Lisa Cree

481

Firearm deaths by law enforcement.  

PubMed

The use of deadly force during law enforcement is a matter that compels public scrutiny. There were 42 gunshot deaths caused by police over a 4-year period in New York City. The decedents' average age was 31 years and ranged from 17 to 64 years. There were 41 males and one female; and 26 Black, nine Hispanic, and seven White decedents. Ethanol and/or drugs of abuse were detected in 78% (31/40) of the decedents. The vast majority of shootings occurred with the police responding to a crime and 90% of the decedents were armed (26 handguns, six knives, one axe, one metal pipe, and one toy gun). Vehicles were used as weapons in two incidents. A total of 177 bullets struck the 42 decedents. Fourteen decedents sustained single gunshot wounds (GSWs), and the remainder had multiple GSWs ranging from 2 to 21. In the majority of the cases in this study, the number of GSWs of the body was three or fewer. Thirteen decedents had at least one GSW of the back or buttocks, accounting for 25 of the total 177 wounds, and four of the 13 had GSWs of only the back. With the exception of the upper extremities, GSWs of all locations were more likely to penetrate than perforate. Although these deaths may be high profile, the certification is typically straightforward and the cause (i.e., GSW) and manner of death (homicide) are readily apparent. Although police shootings in which the decedent was unarmed and/or sustained numerous GSWs are widely reported by the lay press, these types of shootings were not typical in our study. PMID:19040676

Gill, James R; Pasquale-Styles, Melissa

2009-01-01

482

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

483

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

484

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... embarrassment. You may see some changes in your child’s behavior at first. Sometimes teenagers have a harder time ... You being open and natural will help your child’s behavior stay positive. Help your child learn how to ...

485

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

486

Reputations, Relationships and the Enforcement of Incomplete Contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the literature on the enforcement of incomplete contracts. It compares legal enforcement to enforcement via relationships and reputations. A number of mechanisms, such as the repeat purchase mechanism (Klein and Leffler (1981)) and efficiency wages (Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984)), have been offered as solutions to the problem of enforcing an incomplete contract. It is shown that the

W. Bentley MacLeod

2006-01-01

487

75 FR 68849 - Privacy Act of 1974: System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...investigators' analyses, and pictures of accident scenes...Human Services, Office of Child Support Enforcement...identify airmen to the child support agencies nationwide in enforcing child support obligations...by name, birth date, sex, Social Security...

2010-11-09

488

Child emotional security and interparental conflict.  

PubMed

Guided by the emotional security hypothesis developed by Davies & Cummings (1994), studies were conducted to test a conceptual refinement of children's adjustment to parental conflict in relation to hypotheses of other prominent theories. Study 1 examined whether the pattern of child responses to simulations of adult conflict tactics and topics was consistent with the emotional security hypothesis and social learning theory in a sample of 327 Welsh children. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, child reports of fear, avoidance, and involvement were especially prominent responses to destructive conflict. Study 2 examined the relative roles of child emotional insecurity and social-cognitive appraisals in accounting for associations between parental conflict and child psychological symptoms in a sample of 285 Welsh children and parents. Findings indicated that child emotional insecurity was a robust intervening process in the prospective links between parental conflict and child maladjustment even when intervening processes proposed in the social-cognitive models were included in the analyses. Studies 3 and 4 explored pathways among parental conflict, child emotional insecurity, and psychological adjustment in the broader family context with a sample of 174 children and mothers. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, Study 3 findings indicated that child insecurity continued to mediate the link between parental conflict and child maladjustment even after specifying the effects of other parenting processes. Parenting difficulties accompanying interparental conflict were related to child maladjustment through their association with insecure parent-child attachment. In support of the emotional security hypothesis, Study 4 findings indicated that family instability, parenting difficulties, and parent-child attachment insecurity potentiated mediational pathways among parental conflict, child insecurity, and maladjustment. Family cohesiveness, interparental satisfaction, and interparental expressiveness appeared to be protective factors in these mediational paths. No support was found for the social learning theory prediction that parent-child warmth would amplify associations between parental conflict and child disruptive behaviors. PMID:12528424

Davies, Patrick T; Harold, Gordon T; Goeke-Morey, Marcie C; Cummings, E Mark; Shelton, Katherine; Rasi, Jennifer A

2002-01-01

489

78 FR 21826 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Executive order or other Presidential directive authorizing and directing the Secretary...that specific reference be made to DOD Directive 3025.12 within Sec. 182.3 to allay...required. This instruction cancels DoD Directive 3025.12. ``Civil...

2013-04-12

490

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the enhanced matching rate for development of the base system and for hardware, operational system software, and electronic linkages with the separate components of an alternative system configuration. (ii) FFP is available at the applicable...

2012-10-01

491

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

...the enhanced matching rate for development of the base system and for hardware, operational system software, and electronic linkages with the separate components of an alternative system configuration. (ii) FFP is available at the applicable...

2014-10-01

492

Child life services.  

PubMed

Child life programs are an important component of pediatric hospital-based care to address the psychosocial concerns that accompany hospitalization and other health care experiences. Child life specialists focus on the optimal development and well-being of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults while promoting coping skills and minimizing the adverse effects of hospitalization, health care, and/or other potentially stressful experiences. Using therapeutic play, expressive modalities, and psychological preparation as primary tools, in collaboration with the entire health care team and family, child life interventions facilitate coping and adjustment at times and under circumstances that might otherwise prove overwhelming for the child. Play and developmentally appropriate communication are used to: (1) promote optimal development; (2) educate children and families about health conditions; (3) prepare children and families for medical events or procedures; (4) plan and rehearse useful coping and pain management strategies; (5) help children work through feelings about past or impending experiences; and (6) establish therapeutic relationships with patients, siblings, and parents to support family involvement in each child's care. PMID:24777212

2014-05-01

493

Employer Child Care Organizations Eye Changing Economics: Employer Child Care Status Report #16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the intervening years, the question of whether corporations should be in the child care business has been answered. Employers no longer question whether providing child care support for employees is a good idea; the key question now is whether they can afford it. This article reports that research for the employer child care status report finds…

Neugebauer, Roger

2008-01-01

494

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the passage of welfare reform, parents’ ability to not only obtain, but maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents’ job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the relationship between receiving a child care subsidy and the likelihood of experiencing a child care-related work disruption using two samples

Nicole D. Forry; Sandra L. Hofferth

2009-01-01

495

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

496

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes. PMID:20334720

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

497

Applications for mini VTOL UAV for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Remotely operated vehicle systems, ground and air, have great potential for supporting law enforcement operations. These systems with their onboard sensors, can assist in collecting evidence, performing long-term surveillance or in assessing hazardous situations prior to committing personnel. Remote ground vehicles are presently used by many police departments for ordnance clearing missions. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) typically offer long endurance, and are intuitive to operate, but can be severely limited in where they can go by terrain and obstacles. Unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) have 3-D mobility, but have landing and takeoff restrictions, mission time limitations, and typically are demanding to operate. A new capability has been demonstrated for the U.S. military that shows great promise for aiding police agencies. This concept uses a shrouded rotor, vertical take off and landing (VTOL), an unmanned air vehicle to provide mobility to sensors and other payloads. This system can either perform surveillance from the air or travel to a remote location and land to position onboard sensors to perform long-term surveillance from the ground. This mobility platform concept can also be used to position packages (e.g., communications repeaters) or deliver and deploy non-lethal agents. This paper presents the concept of a small, UAV, VTOL, sensor mobility system for support of law enforcement operations. It then discusses operational feasibility and briefly reviews demonstrations of surveillance and sensor placement operations in military urban terrain scenarios performed by the Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems Center San Diego (SSCSD) and Sikorsky Aircraft with their full-size Cypher UAV. We then discuss the practicality of reducing the size of this capability to a system small enough to be transported in standard police vehicles and which can be easily operated by law enforcement personnel.

Murphy, Douglas W.; Cycon, James

1999-01-01

498

Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation.  

PubMed

Primates are regularly hunted for bushmeat in tropical forests, and systematic ecological monitoring can help determine the effect hunting has on these and other hunted species. Monitoring can also be used to inform law enforcement and managers of where hunting is concentrated. We evaluated the effects of law enforcement informed by monitoring data on density and spatial distribution of 8 monkey species in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. We conducted intensive surveys of monkeys and looked for signs of human activity throughout the park. We also gathered information on the activities of law-enforcement personnel related to hunting and evaluated the relative effects of hunting, forest cover and proximity to rivers, and conservation effort on primate distribution and density. The effects of hunting on monkeys varied among species. Red colobus monkeys (Procolobus badius) were most affected and Campbell's monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli) were least affected by hunting. Density of monkeys irrespective of species was up to 100 times higher near a research station and tourism site in the southwestern section of the park, where there is little hunting, than in the southeastern part of the park. The results of our monitoring guided law-enforcement patrols toward zones with the most hunting activity. Such systematic coordination of ecological monitoring and law enforcement may be applicable at other sites. PMID:22394275

N'Goran, Paul K; Boesch, Christophe; Mundry, Roger; N'Goran, Eliezer K; Herbinger, Ilka; Yapi, Fabrice A; Kühl, Hjalmar S

2012-06-01

499

Tractable Enforcement of Declassification Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formalizing appropriate information policies that au- thorize some controlled form of information release, and providing sound analyses for these policies is a necessary step towards practical applications of language-based se- curity. We propose a modular method to enhance non- interference type systems to support controlled forms of in- formation release that combine the what and where dimen- sions of declassification.

Gilles Barthe; Salvador Cavadini; Tamara Rezk

2008-01-01

500

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2011-04-01