Sample records for child support enforcement

  1. 75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...the authority to modify the child support order of another State...exclusive jurisdiction (CEJ) to child support. CEJ requires that...current support order may be in effect at any one time. As long as...the individual parties or the child continues to reside in the...

  2. Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

    2004-01-01

    Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

  3. Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

    2007-01-01

    Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

  4. The impact of child support enforcement policy on nonmarital childbearing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert D. Plotnick; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan; Inhoe Ku

    2007-01-01

    The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital childbearing, particularly among women with a significant chance of needing public

  5. Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.

    PubMed

    Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

  6. Hispanic Fathers and the Child Support Enforcement Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly A. Folse

    1998-01-01

    Descriptive data as well as representative comments from Hispanic non-custodial fathers involved in child support enforcement are presented to document the Hispanic parent experience. The data indicate that the primary concern of fathers is ability to pay The data appear to reflect the economic and employment experience of Hispanic fathers who earn very little and most of whom are supporting

  7. 75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  8. 77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  9. 77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  10. 77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  11. 75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  12. The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

    2006-01-01

    Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

  13. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OTHER ACCOUNTABILITY...ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement...

  14. Child Support: State Progress in Developing Automated Enforcement Systems. Fact Sheet for Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    In a background report and five appendices, this fact sheet reviews the automation status of state child support enforcement programs, giving particular attention to the status of automation efforts, state and federal officials' views, and reasons for progress or lack of progress. Information was obtained primarily by telephone interviews of…

  15. Child Support Report, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

  16. 75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ...privileges to the FPLS Child Support Services Portal...maintained in the FPLS Child Support Services Portal...nondisclosure oath to that effect. Personnel are provided...electronic records and media include overwriting...Operations, Office of Child Support...

  17. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...an operational computerized support enforcement system, which...improve the State's Child Support Enforcement program. ...disapproval is a final administrative decision and is not subject to administrative...FFP for costs of computerized support enforcement systems....

  18. A Guide for Designing and Implementing a Case Processing System for Child Support Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

    This document was written to provide state and local child support offices with help in refining their case processing systems. The guide is divided into five chapters. Chapter I, Case Processing Overview, defines case processing and the case processing functions and provides a narrative description and graphic illustration of the processes…

  19. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems...in the computerized support enforcement system...establishing parental rights with respect to a child; and (iv) NDNH...of the computerized support enforcement...

  20. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems...in the computerized support enforcement system...establishing parental rights with respect to a child; and (iv) NDNH...of the computerized support enforcement...

  1. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems...in the computerized support enforcement system...establishing parental rights with respect to a child; and (iv) NDNH...of the computerized support enforcement...

  2. Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

  3. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  4. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  5. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  6. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  7. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  8. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  9. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  10. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  11. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  12. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  13. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...operation of a computerized support enforcement system in accordance...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  14. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...operation of a computerized support enforcement system in accordance...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  15. 45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...operation of a computerized support enforcement system in accordance...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  16. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  17. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  18. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  19. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  20. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  1. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  2. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  3. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  4. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  5. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  6. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STANDARDS FOR PROGRAM OPERATIONS...

  7. Unpaid Child Support: The Abuse of American Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobayashi, Futoshi

    Noting that fewer than half the single mothers in the United States receive complete and regular child support payments, this paper discusses reasons for unpaid child support, examines whether stricter enforcement of child support obligations will help solve the overall problem, and proposes another option for solving the problem of unpaid child

  8. Partnering with Law Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Justin, Terry

    1997-01-01

    The benefits of child support enforcement programs collaborating with law enforcement include the timely identification of fraudulent cases and increased information access. Welfare reform legislation allows funding to assist law enforcement agencies that provide child support enforcement services. The creation of a Criminal Child Support

  9. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  10. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  11. 45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.5 Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Basic requirement....

  12. Child Support Act 1991. [25 July 1991].

    PubMed

    1991-01-01

    This Act is designed to protect children within the UK whose parents are separated. Its basic principle is that each parent is responsible for the maintenance of his or her child, and it seeks to ensure that such maintenance is paid. To this end, the Act authorizes the creation of a Child Support Agency to assess the amount of child support that should be paid in individual cases and establishes a formula according to which such child support is calculated. The formula allows little discretion and aims to reduce inconsistency and uncertainty. Parties can still make a maintenance agreement between themselves, but such an agreement is subject to amendment if one of the parties applies to a child support officer for an assessment of maintenance and the amount set by the agreement is less than the assessment. Maintenance assessments can be revised when there is a change in circumstances or one parent contends that a factual error has been made. The Act gives the Child Support Agency the primary responsibility for collection and enforcement of maintenance and authorizes it to make a standing order for direct payment, order a special bank account to be established, and order deductions from earnings. The Agency may also apply to a court in cases where payment has not been made. PMID:12179564

  13. Supporting Each Child's Spirit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

  14. 75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ...Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and...information to private child support collection agencies...practices of some private child support collection agencies have had the effect of reducing child support income...

  15. Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis. For Law-Enforcement Officers Investigating Cases of Child Sexual Exploitation. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanning, Kenneth V.

    This booklet provides a behavioral analysis of child molesters. The terms child molesters and pedophiles are defined and distinctions are drawn between the two. The second section develops a law enforcement typology differing from those of mental health professionals, focusing on pre-arrest behavior or pre-identification behavior of child

  16. Unilateral divorce versus child custody and child support in the U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafael González-Val; Miriam Marcén

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the response of the divorce rate to law reforms introducing unilateral divorce after controlling for law reforms concerning the aftermath of divorce, which are omitted from most previous studies. We introduce two main policy changes that have swept the US since the late 1970s: the approval of the joint custody regime and the Child Support Enforcement program.

  17. 20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid One of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

  18. 20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid The student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

  19. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.15 Approval of advance planning...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD....

  20. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.15 Approval of advance planning...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD....

  1. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.15 Approval of advance planning...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD....

  2. 45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.15 Approval of advance planning...documents for computerized support enforcement systems. (a) Approval of an APD....

  3. Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roff, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

  4. Unilateral divorce versus child custody and child support in the U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2012-01-01

    â–º We explore the response of the divorce rate to unilateral divorce reforms. â–º We control for joint custody regime and the Child Support Enforcement program. â–º They counteract the allocation of rights generated by the unilateral divorce. â–º We do not find a reverse response of divorce rates to the unilateral divorce. â–º The decline in divorce rates is

  5. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement...SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement...follows: § 307.13 Security and confidentiality for computerized support...

  6. Paved with Good Intentions: The Federal Role in the Oversight and Enforcement of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramanathan, Arun K.

    2008-01-01

    Context: The context for this article is the public response to the federal role in the oversight and enforcement of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This response has been characterized by a tension between concerns about federal interference in public education and support for…

  7. Explaining the enforcement gap in China: local government support and internal agency obstacles as predictors of enforcement actions in Guangzhou.

    PubMed

    Lo, Carlos Wing-Hung; Fryxell, Gerald E; van Rooij, Benjamin; Wang, Wei; Honying Li, Pansy

    2012-11-30

    This study investigates how local government support for enforcement and internal agency obstacles explain the enforcement gap in Guangzhou, China. It was found that agency obstacles associated with insufficient resources and job ambiguity, in particular, affect enforcement officials' perceptions of enforcement difficulty. Somewhat more surprisingly, however, local government support was not found to be a significant predictor of these perceptions. In addition, this study identified four significant relationships associated with specific enforcement actions. First and second, perceptions of enforcement difficulty appear to lead to fewer inspections, but also have a weak positive effect on the frequency of fines levied. Third, poor coordination within the bureau was found to be associated with fewer violations being processed. Fourth, and contrary to expectations, local government support was found to suppress the frequency of inspections while having no significant effect on violations or fines. Overall, these findings suggest that increased local government support for the enforcement of environmental regulation in China may not necessarily lead to more rigorous enforcement, at least if enforcement rigor is measured in terms of inspections, citations and fines. PMID:22940103

  8. Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

  9. 2012 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME: ________________________________________________________ UMS ID: __________________________

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    2012 ­ 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME indicated that either you or your parent paid child support during 2011. You have been selected Name of person to whom child support was paid Name of child for whom child support was paid Support

  10. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  11. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  12. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  13. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  14. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  15. TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and engineeri...

  16. TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for expert support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and Federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and en...

  17. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  18. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  19. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  20. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  1. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  2. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  3. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  4. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  5. Child support and father-child contact: Testing reciprocal pathways

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lenna. Nepomnyaschy

    2007-01-01

    I use three waves of panel data to examine the relationship between child support payments and fathers’ contact with their\\u000a nonmarital children. I disaggregate support into fathers’ formal and informal payments and incorporate cross-lagged effects\\u000a models to identify the direction of causality between payments and contact. After including the behavior from the prior wave\\u000a (lagged term) and a rich set

  6. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  7. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  8. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  9. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  10. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  11. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  12. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  13. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  14. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  15. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  16. Risk Analysis Based Business Rule Enforcement for Intelligent Decision Support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasilecas, Olegas; Smaizys, Aidas; Brazinskas, Ramunas

    Intelligent information systems are acting by structured rules and do not deal with possible impact on the business environment or future consequences. That is the main reason why automated decisions based on such rules cannot take responsibility and requires involvement or approval of dedicated business people. This limits decision automation possibilities in information systems. However, business rules describe business policy and represent business logics. This can be used in intelligent information systems, together with risk assessment model to simulate real business environment and evaluate possible impact of automated decisions, to support intelligent decision automation. The chapter proposes risk and business rule model integration to provide full intelligent decision automation model used for business rule enforcement and implementation into intelligent software systems of information systems.

  17. Child Support and Fatherhood Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

    These hearings transcripts compile testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means focusing on the performance of the child support enforcement program and providing information on current child support and fatherhood proposals. Oral testimony was heard from eight invited witnesses. Three members of Congress…

  18. Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

    2010-01-01

    The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

  19. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code household has paid child support. Our office must verify this information before determining your federal

  20. 2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code paid child support. Our office must verify this information before determining your federal student aid

  1. Child Support and Children's Well-Being1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith A. Seltzer; Daniel R. Meyer

    and noneconomic effects of these arrangements on the children. The report fo- cuses on the causes and effects of child support. Our intent is to provide an over- view of the growing number of studies on child support, custody, and visitation. We present information necessary to help evaluate broadly the effects of child support on children, their mothers, and their

  2. 32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...is no court order for child support. The soldier...the court granting the divorce had personal jurisdiction...as to be able to order child support. The soldier...issuing the final order of divorce had personal jurisdiction...the soldier to order child support. (2 ) The...

  3. Community factors supporting child mental Health.

    PubMed

    Earls, F

    2001-10-01

    A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

  4. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system in...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  5. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system in...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  6. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system in...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  7. 45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system as...enhancement of a computerized support enforcement system in...Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide...rate.) (c) HHS rights to software....

  8. Supporting a risk-based anti-money laundering approach through enforcement action

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Proctor

    2005-01-01

    This paper sets out how the FSA intends to use enforcement tools to support its financial crime strategy and reduce the risk that regulated firms are used to further money laundering. It reiterates that public enforcement action is only one of a wide range of regulatory tools that may be used when faced with money laundering failures and sets out

  9. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child. Child Support Paid I/we, the student's parents, paid child support in 2013 and have listed below the requested information for each child for whom child support was paid. If asked by the college, I

  10. Child support enforcement for teenage fathers: Problems and prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen A. Pirog-Good; David H. Good

    1995-01-01

    Data from the NLSY (National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experiences-Youth Cohort) indicate that about 7.3 percent of teenage males become fathers and that very few of these fathers live with their children. Father absence and the concurrent increase in female-headed households are closely associated with the impoverishment of children. Most absent teen fathers never come into contact with the

  11. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Monitor routine access to and use of the computerized support enforcement system through methods such as audit trails and feedback mechanisms to guard against, and promptly identify unauthorized access or use; (c) Training and information....

  12. DOMESTIC RELATIONS Alimony and Child Support: Authorize Court Ordered Support Past Age of Majority

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Michael Kaye

    1992-01-01

    HB 1519 authorizes the court to order child support payments to continue until the child reaches the age of twenty. The court is only authorized to award support payment in the event that the child reaches the age of majority while in high school (secondary school) and where such child has not previously been married or emancipated. Further, the Act

  13. 75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections 453(b)(2...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections 453(b)(2...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections...

  14. Should Child Support Obligations Continue for Children Attending College?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason D. Hans

    2008-01-01

    Beliefs regarding nonresidential parents' obligation to assist with college expenses were examined using a factorial vignette design with a random sample of 407 participants. Obligations to assist continue providing child support for children beyond the age of majority were contingent upon children attending college. However, only 52% of respondents believed that the nonresidential parent should continue paying child support for

  15. Health Care Coverage among Child Support-Eligible Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aron, Laudan Y.

    Using data from the National Survey of America's Families (a nationally representative survey of the economic, social, and health characteristics of children, adults, and their families), this paper discusses health care coverage among child support eligible children. It begins with a detailed profile of child support eligible children living with…

  16. Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

    2004-01-01

    Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

  17. Child Care and Other Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

  18. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free) Student's Email Address B. Child Support Paid I/we, the student's parents, paid child support in 2013

  19. CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS or the student/spouse paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child

  20. 2013 -2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Tim

    2013 - 2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID: You indicated on your 2013 paid child support in 2012. This form is to be completed by the person who paid child support. Indicate below the name of the person who paid the child support, the name of the person to whom the child

  1. Parent-reported social support for child’s fruit and vegetable intake: validity of measures

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of our study was to develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child’s fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. We used a cross-sectional study design by studying participants at school and home. We studied two hundred three parents with at least 1 elemen...

  2. Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Karen S.

    Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

  3. Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies: Training Child Care Providers To Support Families. Families Matter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreider, Holly M.; Hurd, Tracey L.

    The Families Matter series of papers from the Harvard Family Research Project advances the concept of family-centered child care, advocating an approach to early childhood education that addresses the development of the child and family together. Grounded in family support principles, which build on family strengths and work from a community's…

  4. 13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

  5. Investment in Child Quality over Marital States. Discussion Paper No. 1320-07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Meta; Flinn, Christopher J.

    2007-01-01

    Policies governing divorce and parenting, such as child support orders and enforcement, child custody regulations, and marital dissolution requirements, can have a large impact on the welfare of parents and children. Recent research has produced evidence on the responses of divorce rates to unilateral divorce laws and child support enforcement. In…

  6. 6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn -Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2

    E-print Network

    Fung, Benjamin C. M.

    6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn - Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2 Tags: Porn | Child pornography | child porn Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn ANI Jun 6, 2013, 05.31PM IST

  7. 2012 -2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Tim

    2012 - 2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID: You indicated on your 2012-2013 FAFSA that you, your spouse or one or both of your parents paid child support in 2011. This form is to be completed by the person who paid child support. Indicate below the name of the person who paid the child

  8. Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

    1999-01-01

    This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

  9. Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

  10. Child Support in Context: Comments on Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salt, Robert

    1991-01-01

    This commentary is a response to an article on the impact of child support guidelines on the economic well-being of children by Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl. The response is organized into two sections: a critique of the analyses and recommendations offered by Rettig et al., and a different set of solutions based on a broader definition of the…

  11. Interpreting Child Sexual Abuse: Empathy and Offense-Supportive Cognitions among Child Sex Offenders.

    PubMed

    Hempel, Inge Sarah; Buck, Nicole Maria Leonarda; van Vugt, Eveline Stefanie; van Marle, Hjalmar Johan Carel

    2015-01-01

    Researchers have suggested that child sex offenders hold distorted views on social interactions with children. Misinterpreting children's behavior and intentions could lead to sexually abusive behavior toward children. It is further suggested that the interpretation process is influenced by offenders' offense-supportive cognitions and levels of empathy. To examine the relationships between these three concepts, 47 contact offenders completed self-reports on offense-supportive cognitions and empathy. Vignettes were developed to assess the extent to which offenders attributed responsibility, benefit, and complicity to children in hypothetical child molestation incidents. This study showed that cognitions that justify sexual offending against children seem to diminish the threshold for sexual assault by assigning more cooperation and willingness of the victim in a child molestation incident. PMID:26061021

  12. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application Student's Date of Birth Student's Phone Number (include area code) Student's Email Address B. Child

  13. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application Student's Date of Birth Student's Phone Number (include area code) Student's Email Address B. Child

  14. Coping and social support of parents with a diabetic child.

    PubMed

    Seppänen, S M; Kyngäs, H A; Nikkonen, M J

    1999-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe and understand the parental coping and the social support received by the parents of diabetic children. The parental coping process was followed for a 4-week period after the diagnosis of diabetes. The parents of two girls, whose diabetes was diagnosed in early childhood, served as study subjects. Data were collected by interviewing and observing the parents over four separate periods. The data were analyzed by the time series and content analysis methods. Six phases of parental coping were identified: disbelief, lack of information and guilt, learning to care, normalization, uncertainty and reorganization. In the different phases of parental coping, the parents' experience of stress, coping strategies and sense of control varied. In the phase of disbelief, the parents tried to reject the child's diabetes by questioning the diagnosis. The initial information given to the parents regarding their child's diabetes proved to be important for parental coping. In the phase of lack of information and guilt, the parents sought reasons for their child's diabetes and felt guilty about it. As coping responses, the parents sought support from each other and from people who had experienced the same. In the learning to care phase, they recognized the demands caused by diabetes and took responsibility for the child's care. The parents appreciated supervision based on their problems. In the normalization phase, the parents prepared to return home with the diabetic child. Getting back to normal life was one of the most effective parental coping responses. In the uncertainty phase, the care to be given to the diabetic child changed the daily routines of the family. In the reorganization phase, the parents adapted to the diagnosis of diabetes and to the care of their diabetic child. The parents felt that the life of the family normalized and was able to be controlled. PMID:10894653

  15. The Association of Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Child Externalizing Problems: The Role of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rakow, Aaron; Smith, Daniel; Begle, Angela M.; Ayer, Lynsay

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the role of abuse-specific maternal support in the association between parent depressive symptoms and child externalizing problems in a sample of children with a history of sexual abuse. In total, 106 mother-child dyads were studied. The association between maternal depressive symptoms and child delinquency behaviors was found…

  16. 2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and/or your spouse or your parents, if you are a dependent

    E-print Network

    Huang, Haiying

    2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and and submit to the Office of Financial Aid. If you pay child support for a child or children, you cannot count them in the household. Please complete the chart below. Indicate $0 if no child support was paid. Name

  17. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  18. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  19. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  20. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  1. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  2. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  3. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  4. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  5. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  6. Understanding child maltreatment in Hanoi: intimate partner violence, low self-control, and social and child care support.

    PubMed

    Emery, Clifton R; Nguyen, Hai Trung; Kim, Jaeyop

    2014-05-01

    This study aimed to understand the role of low self-control, stress, depression, experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse, and social support and child care support in the etiology of child abuse and neglect in Hanoi, Vietnam. The study estimated the prevalence of child maltreatment in a randomly selected, representative cluster sample of 269 Hanoi families. Among these families, 21% reported severe abuse of their children in the past year, 12% reported neglect. Low self-control was found to be strongly associated with child abuse. Life stressors were found to be strongly associated with neglect, but only indirectly with child abuse. Counter-intuitively, a positive interaction between social support and low self-control was found, suggesting that social support of parents low in self-control is associated with more maltreatment. Implications for research, intervention, and criminological theory are discussed. PMID:24368676

  7. The Effect of Joint-Child-Custody Legislation on the Child-Support Receipt of Single Mothers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brandeanna D. AllenJohn; John M. Nunley; Alan Seals

    2011-01-01

    Due to the preponderance of single mothers on public assistance, delinquent child support has been a contentious political\\u000a issue in the U.S. We examine whether joint-child-custody reform affects the child-support receipt of single mothers. We use\\u000a variation in the timing of joint-custody reforms across states to identify the effect of joint custody on the child-support\\u000a receipt of single mothers. Joint-custody

  8. Child Support and Low-Income Families: Perceptions, Practices, and Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, Maureen; Plotnick, Robert

    This report examines why the child support system breaks down for so many low-income families, presenting information from interviews with unmarried mothers and fathers nationwide. Four chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction" (child support policy in California and nationwide); (2) "The National and California Child Support Systems" (California's…

  9. Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office.

    E-print Network

    Champagne, Frances A.

    Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office. STEP 1 (Include Area Code) Email Address STEP 2 ­ CHILD SUPPORT PAID CERTIFICATION You or your spouse, who is a member of your household, certify that child support was paid in 2012. List below the names

  10. Arrests for child pornography production: data at two time points from a national sample of U.S. law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Wolak, Janis; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Jones, Lisa M

    2011-08-01

    This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000-2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for CP production more than doubled from an estimated 402 in 2000-2001 to an estimated 859 in 2006. Findings suggest the increase was related to increased law enforcement activity rather than to growth in the population of CP producers. Adolescent victims increased, but there was no increase in the proportion of arrest cases involving very young victims or violent images. Producers distributed images in 23% of arrest cases, a proportion that did not change over time. This suggests that much CP production may be primarily for private use. Proactive law enforcement operations increased, as did other features consistent with a robust law enforcement response. PMID:21788212

  11. Measuring Perceived Social Support: Development of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malecki, Christine Kerres; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick

    2002-01-01

    Study conducts confirmatory factor, reliability, and correlational analyses of scores on the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS). Analyses revealed evidence of reliability, a four-factor structure (Parent, Teacher, Classmate, and Close Friend subscales), and construct validity. There is evidence that the CASSS can be used to…

  12. Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79

    E-print Network

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79 Summary The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child

  13. Bereavement Support for Families Following the Death of a Child from Cancer: Experience of bereaved parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natarlie deCinque; Leanne Monterosso; Gaye Dadd; Ranita Sidhu; Rosemary Macpherson; Samar Aoun

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the experiences and needs of nine parents who had received hospital—based bereavement support following the death of their child from cancer, in Western Australia. Six prominent themes emerged from thematic data analysis: personal grief, personal coping, concern for siblings of the deceased child, hospital bereavement support, community supports and unmet needs. Parents identified the need for more

  14. Bereavement Support for Families Following the Death of a Child from Cancer: Experience of Bereaved Parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natarlie Decinque; Leanne Monterosso; Gaye Dadd; Ranita Sidhu; Rosemary MacPherson; Samar Aoun

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the experiences and needs of nine parents who had received hospital—based bereavement support following the death of their child from cancer, in Western Australia. Six prominent themes emerged from thematic data analysis: personal grief, personal coping, concern for siblings of the deceased child, hospital bereavement support, community supports and unmet needs. Parents identified the need for more

  15. Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

    2006-01-01

    Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

  16. How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Jerlean E.

    2012-01-01

    Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

  17. The Effect of the New Age of Majority on Preexisting Child Support Settlements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas C. DiPiazza

    1977-01-01

    Since the enactment of the twenty-sixth amendment to the United States Constitution, most states passed legislation lowering the age of majority from twenty-one to eighteen. A crucial question arising from these statutes is whether they affect or should affect child support settlements which provide for support to the child until he or she reaches the age of majority. This note

  18. Impact of Child Support Guidelines on the Economic Well-Being of Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rettig, Kathryn D.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Critiques 3 policy goals of quantitative child support guidelines using a sample of 492 court case records. Child support awards deviated downward from the guidelines, particularly at higher income levels of obligors and upward from the guidelines at lower income levels. Custodial parents contributed higher proportional shares of money income to…

  19. Cognitive-behavioral skills, social supports, and child abuse potential among mothers of handicapped children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maura A. Kirkham; Steven Paul Schinke; Robert F. Schilling; Nancy J. Meltzer; Kristine L. Norelius

    1986-01-01

    This study examined the relationship among cognitive functioning, social support networks, and risk for child abuse in a sample of 92 mothers of developmentally disabled children. Mothers found to be at highest risk for child abuse potential tended to score low on cognitive skills, social support networks, and life satisfaction. Beck Depression Inventory scores were found to explain 57% of

  20. Childhood Physical Abuse, Childhood Social Support, and Adult Child Abuse Potential

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN A. CALISO; JOEL S. MILNER

    1994-01-01

    The childhood experience of physical abuse is believed to be associated with parental child abuse. However, not all parents with a childhood history of abuse are abusive, indicating that factors such as social support may buffer the effects of childhood abuse. To examine the role of social support in the discrimination of physical child abusers and nonabusers, the Childhood Social

  1. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe?...

  2. Residential Energy Code Technical Support: Training that Works for Enforcement Personnel 

    E-print Network

    Bowman, J.

    1988-01-01

    questions. The development of the hotl ine concept resulted and was a joint process of the BPA. WSEO. ICBO. and WABO. Slnce the program had positive implications for enforcement of energy efficient codes. BPA agreed to provide funding. WSEO's Energy... Codes Clearinghouse Is a single component of a Northwest regional hotline system that encompasses Washington. Oregon. Idaho and Montana. Washington's hotl i ne began operations in December 1985 under a subcontract from the International Conference...

  3. 76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ...OCSE's system of records, Location and Collection System (LCS...system was formerly part of OCSE Location and Collection System HHS...classification: None. System location: National Computer Center...employees'' within the meaning of chapter 24 of the...

  4. Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

  5. Family preservation and family support programs: child maltreatment outcomes across client risk levels and program types

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Chaffin; Barbara L Bonner; Robert F Hill

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: This study evaluated client-level outcomes among an entire statewide group of Family Preservation and Family Support (FPFS) programs funded under PL 103-66.Method: A total of 1601 clients (primarily low income, moderate to high risk with no current involvement in the child protection system) were assessed and followed over time for future child maltreatment events reported to Child Protective Services.

  6. Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

    2008-01-01

    This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

  7. Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

    2005-01-01

    We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

  8. Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2009-01-01

    This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

  9. Child Depressive Symptoms, Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences between African American and European American Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie-Mizell, C. Andre; Pryor, Erin M.; Grossman, Elizabeth R. B.

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Mother and Child samples, we explored the relationships among child and adolescent depressive symptoms, spanking, and emotional support offered to youth. We present cross-sectional and change models for both African Americans and European Americans. Findings showed that regardless of race,…

  10. Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

    2010-01-01

    This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

  11. The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

  12. Non-Licensed Forms of Child Care in Homes: Issues and Recommendations for State Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Gwen; Elliott, Kim; Beaudette, Christine; Azer, Sheri

    Noting the increased interest of states in exploring how they can provide supports to informal child-care providers to improve the quality of care and education that children receive, this report discusses quality initiatives, licensing issues, training, and monitoring of various forms of non-licensed family child care. The types of care…

  13. A Review of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors.

    PubMed

    Cullum, Kristiana G H; Mayo, Ann M

    2015-01-01

    Assessing an instrument's psychometric properties to determine appropriateness for use can be a challenging process. Dissecting the statistical terminology may be even more perplexing. There are several instruments that evaluate adolescents' perceived social support, but a fairly new instrument related to this construct assesses not only the availability of social support but also support for healthy behaviors in this population. The Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors, first published in 2013, demonstrates adequate initial reliability and validity. The purpose of this article is to review the psychometric properties of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors and potential uses of the instrument. PMID:26053601

  14. Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.

    PubMed

    Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

  15. The affective structure of supportive parenting: depressive symptoms, immediate emotions, and child-oriented motivation.

    PubMed

    Dix, Theodore; Gershoff, Elizabeth T; Meunier, Leah N; Miller, Pamela C

    2004-11-01

    This study investigated the maternal concerns and emotions that may regulate one form of sensitive parenting, support for children's immediate desires or intentions. While reviewing a videotape of interactions with their 1-year-olds, mothers who varied on depressive symptoms reported concerns and emotions they had during the interaction. Emotions reflected outcomes either to children (child-oriented concerns) or to mothers themselves (parent-oriented concerns). Child-oriented concerns were associated with fewer negative emotions and more supportive behavior. Supportive parenting was high among mothers who experienced high joy and worry and low anger, sadness, and guilt. However, relations depended on whether emotions were child or parent oriented: Supportive behavior occurred more when emotions were child oriented. In addition, as depressive symptoms increased, mothers reported fewer child-oriented concerns, fewer child-oriented positive emotions, and more parent-oriented negative emotions. They also displayed less supportive behavior. Findings suggest that support for children's immediate intentions may be regulated by parents' concerns, immediate emotions, and depressive symptoms. PMID:15535768

  16. Realising the Social Security Rights of Children in South Africa, with particular reference to the Child Support Grant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gladys Mirugi-Mukundi

    The right to social security is guaranteed under the South African Constitution. The realisation of the right to social security for children in South Africa is in the form of child support grant, foster child grant, and care dependency grant. The focus of this article is on child support grant as a means of advancing children rights in South Africa.

  17. Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers: A Child Advocate's Guide to Helping Them Contribute to the Support of Their Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feeley, Theresa J.

    The correlation between a noncustodial father and child poverty suggests that father involvement and support are critical pieces of the puzzle for reducing child poverty. Regular child support provides an income supplement to families leaving welfare and can prevent families' initial descent into poverty. This issue brief is intended to introduce…

  18. Harmonic biases in child learners: in support of language universals.

    PubMed

    Culbertson, Jennifer; Newport, Elissa L

    2015-06-01

    A fundamental question for cognitive science concerns the ways in which languages are shaped by the biases of language learners. Recent research using laboratory language learning paradigms, primarily with adults, has shown that structures or rules that are common in the languages of the world are learned or processed more easily than patterns that are rare or unattested. Here we target child learners, investigating a set of biases for word order learning in the noun phrase studied by Culbertson, Smolensky, and Legendre (2012) in college-age adults. We provide the first evidence that child learners exhibit a preference for typologically common harmonic word order patterns-those which preserve the order of the head with respect to its complements-validating the psychological reality of a principle formalized in many different linguistic theories. We also discuss important differences between child and adult learners in terms of both the strength and content of the biases at play during language learning. In particular, the bias favoring harmonic patterns is markedly stronger in children than adults, and children (unlike adults) acquire adjective ordering more readily than numeral ordering. The results point to the importance of investigating learning biases across development in order to understand how these biases may shape the history and structure of natural languages. PMID:25800352

  19. Genetic and adoptive motherhood: stress, marital relationship, and child care support.

    PubMed

    Howat-Rodrigues, Anna Beatriz Carnielli; Tokumaru, Rosana Suemi; de Amorim, Thalita Novaes; Garcia, Agnaldo; Izar, Patrícia

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we characterize adoptive and genetic motherhood with or without stress indicators. Participants were 86 mothers (36 adoptive, 50 genetic) with children from 0 to 12 years old. They answered questions about focal child and mother profile, marital relationship, child care support and the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. Results showed that mothers in both groups reported child care support, but there was more participation of nonrelatives in the care of adoptive children and relatives in the care of genetic children. There was greater marital stability and less conflict with the arrival of the child in the adoptive families and predominance of stress indicators in genetic mothers. We concluded that, although there are differences between adoptive and genetic motherhood, these do not imply advantages for one versus the other. Moreover, marital stability related to the adoption process and sociodemographic characteristics of adoptive mothers may have contributed to lower prevalence of stress. PMID:23713751

  20. The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

  1. Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2010-01-01

    Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

  2. The efficacy of family support and family preservation services on reducing child abuse and neglect: what the literature reveals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca OReilly; Lesley Wilkes; Lauretta Luck; Debra Jackson

    2010-01-01

    Globally, child protection services are under-resourced and unable to meet the demands associated with the increasing numbers of families who are being exposed to child abuse and neglect. Family support and family preservation interventions are the methods cited within the literature as those employed by child protection services to address this issue. Intensive family preservation services and cognitive behavioural therapy

  3. Enforcement Alert

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in their effort to keep the public informed, created this newsletter to "inform and educate the public and regulated community of important environmental enforcement issues, recent trends and significant enforcement actions."

  4. Mothers' and fathers' support for child autonomy and early school achievement.

    PubMed

    2008-07-01

    Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions to children's reading and math achievement at Grade 3 (controlling for demographic variables), children's reading and math abilities at 54 months, and children's level of effortful control at 54 months and that these associations would be mediated by the level of and changes over time in children's observed self-reliance in the classroom from Grades 1 through 3. The authors found that mothers' and fathers' support for autonomy were significantly and uniquely associated with children's Grade 3 reading and math achievement with the above controls, but only for boys. For boys, the effect of mothers' support for child autonomy was mediated by higher self-reliance at Grade 1 and of fathers' support for child autonomy by greater increases in self-reliance from Grades 1 through 3. PMID:18605822

  5. Psychosocial Support for Children: Protecting the rights of child victims and witnesses in transitional justice processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    An Michels

    2010-01-01

    The paper first looks at psychosocial factors that affect children's participation in transitional justice mechanisms. These factors largely determine children's need for protection and support and can reflect children's responses to their involvement in transitional justice processes. A distinction has to be made between psychosocial factors related to the child and his or her experiences during the conflict on the

  6. Getting the Order Right: Child Support Guidelines and the Cost of Raising Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jo Michelle Beld

    2006-01-01

    This article argues that the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) estimates of parental expenditures on children are an appropriate economic foundation for state child support guidelines. The USDA's estimates are consistent with the public policy purposes of state guidelines and may improve the extent to which they accomplish federal intent. The article examines the role of valid and reliable

  7. Child Support Awards in Britain: An analysis of data from the Families and Children Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Morris

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the extent to which mothers that care for children where the father is non-resident have an award or agreement for child support in place. Data from the Families and Children Study are used to explore not only whether mothers have an award or order but the type of award they have. Results show that mothers without awards

  8. The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Surles, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

  9. Discrepancies in Parent's and Adult Child's Reports of Support and Contact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandemakers, Jornt J.; Dykstra, Pearl A.

    2008-01-01

    This study uses data on support and contact in 4,055 parent-child dyads drawn from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study to test explanations of reporting discrepancies, which focus on sources of bias and inaccurate reporting. Contrary to the generational stake hypothesis, parents' reports are not characterized by a general positive bias. Consistent…

  10. Effects of Child Characteristics on the Outcomes of a Parent Support Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Alan; Reece, John; Cameron, Christine; Matthews, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Background: Previous research has reported on the effectiveness of the Signposts program for supporting families of children with an intellectual disability and difficult behaviour (Hudson et al., 2003; Hudson, Cameron, & Matthews, 2008). This paper reports on an investigation of the extent to which child characteristics moderate the effectiveness…

  11. Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tumbarello, Natasha

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

  12. The Effects of Welfare and Child Support Policies on Maternal Health and Wellbeing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Knab; Sara McLanahan; Irv Garfinkel

    2007-01-01

    In 1996 the U.S. Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), substantially reducing a family’s rights to income support. PRWORA removed the entitlement to government-provided cash assistance and increased states’ incentives to reduce welfare caseloads. At the same time it increased private responsibilities by encouraging greater work effort from mothers and more child support payments from

  13. Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother-Adult Child Relations.

    PubMed

    Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J Jill; Howard, Abigail R; Pillemer, Karl

    2014-04-01

    Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother-child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers' perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers' reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers' perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

  14. Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother–Adult Child Relations

    PubMed Central

    Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J. Jill; Howard, Abigail R.; Pillemer, Karl

    2014-01-01

    Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother–child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers’ perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers’ reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers’ perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

  15. Enforcement Surveillance

    E-print Network

    Camp, L. Jean

    Law Enforcement Surveillance inthe Network Society Serena Chan and L. Jean Camp 22 IEEE Technology communicate (e.g., telegraph, telephone, elec- tronic mail, and video conferenc- ing) have expanded due faced by law enforcement agencies. We focus on surveillance history in the United States. U

  16. Engaging parents in child obesity prevention: support preferences of parents.

    PubMed

    Wolfenden, Luke; Bell, Colin; Wiggers, John; Butler, Michelle; James, Erica; Chipperfield, Kelly

    2012-02-01

    Helping parents engage in practices that are likely to prevent childhood obesity is a considerable challenge for health professionals, policy makers and researchers. The aim of the study was to determine who is likely to use services designed to help parents prevent overweight and obesity and what types of services they prefer. Two hundred and forty randomly selected parents of children 4-15 years from the Hunter New England region of New South Wales completed a 15 min telephone survey. Most parents would use a service to help them prevent obesity in their children but particularly parents of households from higher socioeconomic areas, female parents, parents of younger children and parents of children who are not consuming sufficient serves of fruits and vegetables, or are less active. Parents preferred personalised mailed print materials (85%), specialist appointments (61%) and emailed information (58%). Parents are interested in using a range of services to support them to encourage their children to eat healthily and be active. Researchers should test the efficacy of promising services. PMID:20598070

  17. Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

    2011-01-01

    Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

  18. Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiderman, Ethel

    2009-01-01

    Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

  19. Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

  20. A Case of Forced Equity: Obtaining Spousal and Child Support From a Member of the Armed Forces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georgetta Beck

    2010-01-01

    This Comment presents an overview of procedures which the practitioner may employ to obtain spousal and child support from a service member stationed in the United States, identifies problems which may arise in these efforts, and discusses strategies to overcome those obstacles. The first section explains the military procedure for obtaining support and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of that

  1. Current Practice in Meeting Child Health Needs in Family Support Services: Variation by Service Type and Perspectives on Future Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Dolan, Pat; Canavan, John; O'Higgins, Siobhan

    2009-01-01

    The needs of all service users include those related to physical, emotional, sexual and mental health. This article documents where child health needs are recognised and being met within family support services in the west of Ireland, investigates whether there is variation across different types of family support services and presents the views…

  2. Child behaviors as a moderator: Examining the relationship between foster parent supports, satisfaction, and intent to continue fostering.

    PubMed

    Cooley, Morgan E; Farineau, Heather M; Mullis, Ann K

    2015-07-01

    Foster parents need access to supports and resources in order to be satisfied with their caregiving role and continue providing foster care services. However, they often experience multiple demands in their role as a substitute caregiver that could lead to stress. Child behaviors especially may be a significant factor when considering sources of strain and may be a potential risk factor for negative outcomes such as dissatisfaction or the decision to discontinue providing foster care. The purpose of this study was to examine whether child disruptive behaviors moderated or influenced the nature or strength of the relationship between foster parent supports and satisfaction as a caregiver as well as intent to continue fostering. The sample consisted of 155 licensed foster caregivers from across the United States. Child behaviors served as a significant moderator between some types of supports and satisfaction. Implications for future research, practice, and policy are discussed. PMID:26012715

  3. Child maltreatment among U.S. Air Force parents deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom.

    PubMed

    Rabenhorst, Mandy M; McCarthy, Randy J; Thomsen, Cynthia J; Milner, Joel S; Travis, Wendy J; Colasanti, Marie P

    2015-02-01

    This study examined child maltreatment perpetration among 99,697 active-duty U.S. Air Force parents who completed a combat deployment. Using the deploying parent as the unit of analysis, we analyzed whether child maltreatment rates increased postdeployement relative to predeployment. These analyses extend previous research that used aggregate data and extend our previous work that used data from the same period but used the victim as the unit of analysis and included only deploying parents who engaged in child maltreatment. In this study, 2% (n = 1,746) of deploying parents perpetrated child maltreatment during the study period. Although no overall differences were found in child maltreatment rates postdeployment compared to predeployment, several maltreatment-related characteristics qualified this finding. Rates for emotional abuse and mild maltreatment were lower following deployment, whereas child maltreatment rates for severe maltreatment were higher following deployment. The finding that rates of severe child maltreatment, including incidents involving alcohol use, were higher postdeployment suggests a need for additional support services for parents following their return from combat deployment, with a focus on returning parents who have an alcohol use problem. PMID:25424846

  4. Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

    2010-01-01

    It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

  5. Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

  6. Sketching to Remember: Episodic Free Recall Task Support for Child Witnesses and Victims with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Michelle L. A.; Dando, Coral J.; Ormerod, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No "tools" exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel…

  7. 2013-2014 Child Support Paid Verification The information requested on this form is needed to process your application for financial aid for the 2013-2014 academic year.

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    2013-2014 Child Support Paid Verification The information requested on this form is needed Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), you indicated that you, your spouse, or your parent, paid child, if applicable) NOT APPLICABLE NAME OF PERSON WHO MADE THE CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENT $ NAME OF PERSON TO WHOM CHILD

  8. Taking care of the "good guys:" a trauma center-based model of medical support for tactical law enforcement.

    PubMed

    Lavery, R F; Adis, M D; Doran, J V; Corrice, M A; Tortella, B J; Livingston, D H

    2000-01-01

    The potential need for rapid medical intervention and access to a trauma center after major injury is crucial to the safety and success of SWAT team operations. This manuscript describes the genesis and development of a unique model for which advanced medical care is rendered by trained health care professionals within a regional trauma system in the support of a SWAT team. The model was developed jointly by the Newark, New Jersey, Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and The New Jersey Trauma Center-University Hospital, an academic, urban Level I trauma center. After the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the two agencies in 1995, the program became operational. The medical team is composed of physicians, nurses, and paramedics. Since inception, the medical team has provided medical support for 33 tactical missions and 99 training days. Ten patients were treated: 7 agents (syncope, fractured foot, blunt head/neck trauma, lacerations), 2 bystanders (chest pain, asthma), and 1 suspect (chest pain). The advantages of the Newark model in contrast to other programs of tactical medical support, are the operational activities of the team and the cost of the program was outlined. PMID:10647577

  9. Child Safety Curriculum Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

    This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

  10. Emergent Literacy in an Early Childhood Classroom: Center Learning to Support the Child with Special Needs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret Genisio; Mary Drecktrah

    1999-01-01

    A child with special needs will flourish and benefit from an early childhood environment that empowers learning. Center learning empowers a child to be actively engaged in self-directed learning based on strength, ability, and interest. Center learning can enhance interactive language, story response, art, reading and writing-like behavior, collaboration, buddy activity, and independence. All of these empowering areas of development

  11. State child mental health efforts to support youth in transition to adulthood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maryann Davis; Diane L. Sondheimer

    2005-01-01

    The ability of state child mental health (MH) systems to facilitate the transition to adulthood of adolescents in their systems was studied by interviewing members of the Children, Youth and Families Division of the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD). Results demonstrated that transition services within the state child MH systems are sparse, nationally. Continuity of services

  12. Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Meghan; Batal, Malek

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the…

  13. Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

    2011-01-01

    For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

  14. An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

    2011-01-01

    Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

  15. Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive Versus Controlling Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy S. Grolnick; Carrie E. Price; Krista L. Beiswenger; Christine C. Sauck

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either an evaluation (mothers told their child would be evaluated by other children)

  16. Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

  17. Child Exploitation: Some Pieces of the Puzzle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rohlader, Dorothy

    The report addresses the status in North Carolina and in the nation of child exploitation. Legislative and judicial backgrounds of child pornography and child prostitution are reviewed, and difficulties in obtaining statistical data are noted. Law enforcement issues in pornography are cited, and suggestions for further legislation regarding child

  18. Beyond the Simple Model of Child Care Facilities: Support Spaces for Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenman, Jim

    2006-01-01

    The age of child care building on a wide scale really began in the 1970s. Before that, there had been a history of day nurseries going back to the turn of the century and Lanham Act centers during World War II to provide care for "Rosie the Riveter" mothers in the work force. The "purpose built" child care center was an economical box with almost…

  19. Draft NOAA Enforcement Priorities November 8, 2011

    E-print Network

    ecosystems, communities, and economies that are resilient in the face of change. NOAA's Long Term Goal for requirements outside specific priorities; Best use of available resources Summary of Stakeholder Enforcing gear restrictions Supporting observer programs Enforcing catch and fishing effort reporting

  20. A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.

    PubMed

    Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

    2014-10-01

    The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

  1. Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

    2013-01-01

    Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

  2. COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

    2005-01-01

    Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

  3. Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Tweety

    2011-01-01

    One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

  4. Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

    2006-01-01

    School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

  5. Supporting Secure Parent-Child Attachments: The Role of the Non-Parental Caregiver

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marty, Ana H.; Readdick, Christine A.; Walters, Connor M.

    2005-01-01

    Parent-child attachment has been extensively confirmed as a central contributing factor to children's positive developmental outcomes. Theory and research imply that the non-parental caregiver is an important figure that may assist parents in the development of a secure attachment relationship with their infants. Specific practices that increase…

  6. Your next pediatric patient may not be getting needed child support payments.

    PubMed

    Waldman, H B

    1996-01-01

    The author reviews the personal problems faced by children in single-parent and divorced-parent households, emphasizing the altered economic realities accompanying the dissolution of a marriage or the birth of a child to an unwed mother. PMID:8893986

  7. Policy Enforcement Program Monitoring

    E-print Network

    Walker, David

    executed. This thesis considers the space of policies enforceable by monitoring the run-time behaviors the space of policies that monitors can enforce, we first have to define exactly what it means for a monitor precisely define policies, monitors, and enforcement. Having this framework allows us to consider

  8. Sketching to remember: episodic free recall task support for child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Mattison, Michelle L A; Dando, Coral J; Ormerod, Thomas C

    2015-06-01

    Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No 'tools' exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel retrieval technique, Sketch reinstatement of context (Sketch-RC), is compared with mental reinstatement of context and a no support control. Ninety children (45 with ASD; 45 matched typically developing) viewed a stimulus film, and were interviewed using one of the aforementioned techniques. The Sketch-RC technique was most effective, improving ASD participants' remembering without a concomitant increase in intrusions. This procedure offers a population-appropriate method for supporting free recall in criminal justice settings. PMID:25503484

  9. Law enforcement’s response to crime reporting by people with disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Oschwald; Mary Ann Curry; Rosemary B. Hughes; Anne Arthur; Laurie E. Powers

    2011-01-01

    One hundred and thirty three US law enforcement departments completed a survey about protocols used to serve crime victims with disabilities, such as asking about and providing accommodations and recording disability and accommodation information. Most departments did not have these protocols and service and community based barriers were indicated. Cross-training and co-advocacy between law enforcement and disability agencies were supported.

  10. The false enforcement of unpopular norms.

    PubMed

    Willer, Robb; Kuwabara, Ko; Macy, Michael W

    2009-09-01

    Prevailing theory assumes that people enforce norms in order to pressure others to act in ways that they approve. Yet there are numerous examples of "unpopular norms" in which people compel each other to do things that they privately disapprove. While peer sanctioning suggests a ready explanation for why people conform to unpopular norms, it is harder to understand why they would enforce a norm they privately oppose. The authors argue that people enforce unpopular norms to show that they have complied out of genuine conviction and not because of social pressure. They use laboratory experiments to demonstrate this "false enforcement" in the context of a wine tasting and an academic text evaluation. Both studies find that participants who conformed to a norm due to social pressure then falsely enforced the norm by publicly criticizing a lone deviant. A third study shows that enforcement of a norm effectively signals the enforcer's genuine support for the norm. These results demonstrate the potential for a vicious cycle in which perceived pressures to conform to and falsely enforce an unpopular norm reinforce one another. PMID:20614762

  11. African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

  12. African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

    2004-01-01

    This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

  13. Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

    2012-07-01

    Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

  14. Fostering Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driscoll, Katherine C.; Wang, Lijuan; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and…

  15. Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model

    E-print Network

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Vanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child, support, limits, and affection. Children are respected as individuals within a child-oriented rather than teacher-directed program. At the Vanderbilt Child Care Centers, children are given the opportunity

  16. Indian Law Enforcement History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etheridge, David

    Written as a tribute to American Indian law enforcement officers and the Indian Criminal Justice System, this monographh details the history of the legislative, judicial, financial, and cultural problems associated with the development of Indian law enforcement. Citing numerous court cases, pieces of legislation, and individual and organizational…

  17. Urban Street Gang Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute for Law and Justice, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

    Strategies to enhance prosecution of gang-related crimes are presented, with a focus on enforcement and prosecution targeting urban street gangs. The model programs introduced offer strategies largely based on the practical experiences of agencies that participated in a demonstration program, the Urban Street Gang Drug Trafficking Enforcement

  18. Support Guidelines.com

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

  19. Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

  20. Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

  1. Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

    2006-01-01

    The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

  2. Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

    2011-01-01

    Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

  3. Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, James

    2011-01-01

    From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

  4. Parenting with Positive Behavior Support: A Practical Guide to Resolving Your Child's Difficult Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hieneman, Meme; Childs, Karen; Sergay, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Now the theory and research behind the positive behavior support (PBS) process--an approach already proven effective in schools and community programs--has been transformed into a practical, easy-to-use guide that's perfect for sharing with parents. Developed by educators and families, this user-friendly handbook offers parents easy-to-follow…

  5. A Welcome for Every Child: Care, Education, and Family Support for Infants and Toddlers in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamerman, Sheila B.; Kahn, Alfred J.

    This report on European developments in infant and toddler care services was prepared to help define issues and options for the improvement and expansion of infant and toddler care and family support systems in the United States. Introductory comments suggest that advanced industrialized countries have almost unanimously elected universal but…

  6. Neighbourhood support to families with a disabled child: observations on a coping strategy of caregivers in a Jamaican community-based rehabilitation programme.

    PubMed

    Bischoff, R; Thorburn, M J; Reitmaier, P

    1996-11-01

    In Jamaica, a low degree of practical helpfulness of neighbours of families with a disabled child has been described. This seems to cast doubt on the World Health Organization's concept of community-based rehabilitation which simply assumes that the community is a source of support. Our study tries to elucidate which reasons, in a Jamaican socio-cultural setting, make neighbours give support to or withhold it from disabled children and their caregivers. A concept of neighbourhood help is identified, according to which help is something to be asked for and provided under exceptional circumstances only. Caregivers claim to give and receive support in child rearing within the limits of this definition, generally irrespective of the presence of a disability. The impression that neighbours are unconcerned can arise when the support needed becomes too extensive to fit into the local definition of neighbourhood help--which is more likely in the case of disabled children. PMID:8937751

  7. Citizen Submissions on Enforcement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization that addresses "regional environmental concerns, help[s] prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and . . . promote[s] the effective enforcement of environmental law." To that end, CEC maintains this interesting registry of citizen submissions on environmental enforcement matters. At the registry, updates on outstanding submissions are posted, as well as any new submissions. For those interested in tracking real legislative processes related to environmental enforcement, this is an interesting site with international implications.

  8. The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

    2011-01-01

    Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

  9. Law enforcement officers' acceptance of advanced e-government technology: a survey study of COPLNK mobile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Jen-Hwa Hu; Hsinchun Chen; Han-Fen Hu

    2009-01-01

    Timely information access and effective knowledge support is crucial to law enforcement officers' crime fighting and investigations. An expanding array of e-government initiatives target the development of advanced information technologies and their deployment in law enforcement agencies. Abase in point is COPLINK, an integrated system that provides law enforcement officers with timely data access, effective information support, integrated knowledge sharing,

  10. Research results from a registry supporting efforts to improve maternal and child health in low and middle income countries.

    PubMed

    Goldenberg, Robert L; McClure, Elizabeth M; Bose, Carl L; Jobe, Alan H; Belizán, José M

    2015-01-01

    The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development created and continues to support the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research, a partnership between research institutions in the US and low-middle income countries. This commentary describes a series of 15 papers emanating from the Global Network's Maternal and Newborn Health Registry. Using data from 2010 to 2013, the series of papers describe nearly 300,000 pregnancies in 7 sites in 6 countries - India (2 sites), Pakistan, Kenya, Zambia, Guatemala and Argentina. These papers cover a wide range of topics including several dealing with efforts made to ensure data quality, and others reporting on specific pregnancy outcomes including maternal mortality, stillbirth and neonatal mortality. Topics ranging from antenatal care, adolescent pregnancy, obstructed labor, factors associated with early initiation of breast feeding and maintenance of exclusive breast feeding and contraceptive usage are presented. In addition, case studies evaluating changes in mortality over time in 3 countries - India, Pakistan and Guatemala - are presented. In order to make progress in improving pregnancy outcomes in low-income countries, data of this quality are needed. PMID:26032486

  11. CASTLE: an advanced technology partnership serving law enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas M. McCoig

    1997-01-01

    The Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE) is supported by the National Institute of Justice Office of Science and Technology and is establishing partnerships with the National Law Enforcement Corrections and Technology Center in Charleston, South Carolina. Additionally, CASTLE is working with the American Society of Crime Lab Directors (ASCLD) to direct effective interface with and

  12. Going-to-Scale with the Early Risers Conduct Problems Prevention Program: Use of a Comprehensive Implementation Support (CIS) System to Optimize Fidelity, Participation and Child Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Bloomquist, Michael L.; August, Gerald J.; Lee, Susanne S.; Lee, Chih-Yuan S.; Realmuto, George M.; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

    2012-01-01

    The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically-dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

  13. Law Enforcement Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

  14. Child Teacher Relationship Training (CTRT) with Children Exhibiting Disruptive Behavior: Effects on Teachers' Ability to Provide Emotional and Relational Support to Students and on Student-Teachers Relationship Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pronchenko-Jain, Yulia

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of child teacher relationship training (CTRT) on teachers' ability to provide emotional support in the classroom, teachers' use of relationship-building skills, and teachers' level of stress related to the student-child relationship. Teachers and aides from one Head Start school were randomly…

  15. The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling

    E-print Network

    Edmonds, Eric V

    Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

  16. To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifton P. Flynn

    1998-01-01

    This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

  17. Experience of parenthood, couple relationship, social support, and child-rearing goals in planned lesbian mother families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henny M. W. Bos; Frank van Balen; Dymphna C. van den Boom

    2004-01-01

    Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on factors that are assumed to influence the parent-child

  18. Drug Enforcement Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

    This fact sheet contains information relating to drug abuse and abusers; drug traffic legislation; law enforcement; and descriptions of commonly used narcotics, stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens. Also included is a short but explicit listing of audiovisual aids, an annotated bibliography, and drug identification pictures. The booklet…

  19. ISI law enforcement research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff Lacoss; John Granacki; Jack Wills

    1998-01-01

    The Advanced System Division of ISI is engaged in a number of projects focused on using commercial technologies to produce a low-cost system with extensive capability for reconfiguration and experimentation. Low-cost platforms for mobile computing and communications enable experimental approaches to determining requirements for law enforcement and military field applications. Unfortunately, flexible COTS hardware is generally unavailable, forcing experiments to

  20. Combating transnational crime: management education at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Kromer; F. R. Taylor

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides a detailed description of the overall concept, curriculum, and logistical support of the International Law Enforcement Academy at Roswell, New Mexico operated on behalf of the US Department of State's Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. The Department of State is responsible for the operation of a network of law enforcement academies which are designed

  1. A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Su Yeong

    2009-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent– child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though qualified, for the notion that generational dissonance is linked to depressive symptoms through decreased supportive parenting. In general, having a parent with a bicultural profile seemed to be most advantageous if adolescents similarly had a bicultural profile, whereas more American oriented adolescents with more Chinese oriented parents reported the least supportive parenting and most depressive symptoms. Directions for future research and the benefits of using a person-centered approach in research of acculturation and generational dissonance are discussed. PMID:20725611

  2. Sex bias in child therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edda I. Schweid

    1980-01-01

    Suggests child therapy as an additional area for studying sexual bias in actual therapeutic practice, in response to recommendations by P. A. Maffeo . Data on 477 children seen in therapy support the need for child studies.

  3. Child poverty. Ways forward for the paediatrician: A comprehensive overview of poverty reduction strategies requiring paediatric support.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Suparna; Ford-Jones, Elizabeth

    2015-05-01

    The harmful effects of child poverty are well documented. Despite this, progress in poverty reduction in Canada has been slow. A significant gap exists between what is known about eradicating poverty and its implementation. Paediatricians can play an important role in bridging this gap by understanding and advancing child poverty reduction. Establishment of a comprehensive national poverty reduction plan is essential to improving progress. The present review identifies the key components of an effective poverty reduction strategy. These elements include effective poverty screening, promoting healthy child development and readiness to learn, ensuring food and housing security, providing extended health care coverage for the uninsured and using place-based solutions and team-level interventions. Specific economic interventions are also reviewed. Addressing the social determinants of health in these ways is crucial to narrowing disparities in wealth and health so that all children in Canada reach their full potential. PMID:26038640

  4. Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare

    PubMed Central

    Glisson, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

  5. Child Protection and Justice Systems Processing of Serious Child Abuse and Neglect Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedlak, Andrea J.; Schultz, Dana; Wells, Susan J.; Lyons, Peter; Doueck, Howard J.; Gragg, Frances

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the trajectory of cases through four systems: child protection, law enforcement, the dependency courts, and the criminal courts. Method: This study focused on a county selected from a 41-county telephone survey conducted for the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-3). For this…

  6. Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems. Practice Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M. J.; Read, N. W.

    2012-01-01

    Youth who are involved with the juvenile justice and child welfare systems face many challenges and barriers to academic and vocational success. Regardless of the reasons for their involvement, youth in these systems are "disproportionately children and youth of color who currently have, or have experienced, a host of risk factors that are…

  7. Social Support Perspectives on Programs for Parents: Lessons from the Child Survival/Fair Start Home Visiting Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larner, Mary

    This paper discusses home visiting programs for low income parents and infants and describes five such programs known collectively as the Child Survival/Fair Start (CS/FS) projects, funded by the Ford Foundation. It describes a conceptual model which links risk factors and intervention activities to effects on mothers and children and explains how…

  8. Environmental Correlates of Optimal Child Development: A Look at the Maternal Social Support System Moderating Levels of Mother/Child Stress and Home Stimulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kathleen; And Others

    Pre- and post-natal medical, financial, demographic, and maternal social support data were collected from 220 lower socioeconomic status (SES), "high risk" mothers and their newborn infants. Additional data were obtained later from a subsample of 19 boys and 19 girls between 18 and 24 months of age and their mothers. Mothers ranged in age from 15…

  9. CASTLE: an advanced technology partnership serving law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCoig, Thomas M.

    1997-01-01

    The Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE) is supported by the National Institute of Justice Office of Science and Technology and is establishing partnerships with the National Law Enforcement Corrections and Technology Center in Charleston, South Carolina. Additionally, CASTLE is working with the American Society of Crime Lab Directors (ASCLD) to direct effective interface with and support of state and local crime laboratories. Extremely sophisticated, often one-of-a-kind, equipment and very-capable scientific expertise are resident at U.S. federal government laboratories and, until recently, have not been applied often to law enforcement problems, particularly at the state and local level. While there have been a number of research and development programs at national laboratories sponsored by agencies such as the National Institute of Justice, most of these have been focused on long-term objectives to meet broad national needs. In discussions with local law enforcement personnel, it is apparent that there are much more immediate technology needs, which are not being addressed by nationwide programs, in fundamental areas including video and audio surveillance, trace and physical evidence sampling, and forensic laboratory analysis. In a pilot program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), a significant component of the nation's science and technology resources located in Tennessee, recently made a commitment to support law enforcement where possible with advanced technology. ORNL formed the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), a partnership of scientific, university, private sector, and law enforcement personnel. The goal of the CASTLE program is to apply technology at the grassroots working level to both solve crimes, to improve safety to law enforcement personnel, and to improve the overall quality of law enforcement services within the United States.

  10. 20 CFR 222.18 - “Child in care” when child of the employee is not living with the claimant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...substantial contributions to the child's support. “Contributing to support” is defined in § 222.42. (iii) The child is living apart because of the child's...or (4) The claimant gave the right to custody and control of the...

  11. 20 CFR 222.18 - “Child in care” when child of the employee is not living with the claimant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...substantial contributions to the child's support. “Contributing to support” is defined in § 222.42. (iii) The child is living apart because of the child's...or (4) The claimant gave the right to custody and control of the...

  12. Don’t Fret, Be Supportive! Maternal Characteristics Linking Child Shyness to Psychosocial and School Adjustment in Kindergarten

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Coplan; Kimberley A. Arbeau; Mandana Armer

    2008-01-01

    The goal of this study was to explore the moderating role of maternal personality and parenting characteristics in the links\\u000a between shyness and adjustment in kindergarten. Participants were 197 children enrolled in kindergarten programs (and their\\u000a mothers and teachers). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, behavioral observations, teacher ratings,\\u000a and individual child interviews. Results indicated that shyness was associated

  13. Cyberspace Pornography: Problems with Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Daphyne Saunders

    1997-01-01

    Considers the availability of pornography, particularly child pornography, on the Internet and child access to it. Defines pornographic material and child pornography, discusses its commercial and noncommercial uses and the responsibility for child access, and presents solutions: content tagging; CyberAngels, a volunteer group created by the…

  14. Women, Work and Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Elizabeth

    This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

  15. Child Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than physical ...

  16. Child Poverty and Child Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Jonathan

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the evidence on the prevalence of child poverty in Britain including: (1) how child poverty has changed over the last 20 years; (2) how child poverty in Britain compares with that in other countries; (3) characteristics of poor children; (4) impact of poverty on child well-being; and (5) government attempts to abolish child poverty. (SD)

  17. Nursing practice and statutory rape. Effects of reporting and enforcement on access to care for adolescents.

    PubMed

    Teare, Catherine; English, Abigail

    2002-09-01

    Changes over the past decade in statutory rape laws and their enforcement have created anxiety and confusion for nurses and other health care providers in jurisdictions across the country. Mandated reporting of statutory rape as child abuse potentially has the unsought effect of deterring some of the adolescents most in need of confidential health care from seeking that care. Knowledge and advocacy on the part of nurses can help mitigate the harms of overly inclusive reporting and enforcement. PMID:12449001

  18. Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reaves, Brian A.; Goldberg, Andrew L.

    To determine the nature of law enforcement services provided on campuses in the context of the Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act, the U.S. Department of Justice surveyed four-year institutions of higher education in the United States with 2,500 or more students. This report presents data collected from nearly 600 campus law enforcement

  19. Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abish Malik; Ross Maciejewski; Timothy F. Collins; David S. Ebert

    2010-01-01

    We present VALET, a Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit for analyzing spatiotemporal law enforcement data. VALET provides users with a suite of analytical tools coupled with an interactive visual interface for data exploration and analysis. This system includes linked views and interactive displays that spatiotemporally model criminal, traffic and civil (CTC) incidents and allows officials to observe patterns and quickly

  20. Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Care, 2011

    2011-01-01

    More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

  1. Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives

    PubMed Central

    Söderberg, Siv; Skär, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. PMID:24829900

  2. The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

    1999-01-01

    Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

  3. Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.

    PubMed

    Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

    2001-12-01

    Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

  4. Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

    This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

  5. A state of high anxiety: how non-supportive interviewers can increase the suggestibility of child witnesses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jehanne Almerigogna; James Ost; Ray Bull; Lucy Akehurst

    2007-01-01

    SUMMARY The present study examined the effects of state and trait anxiety on 8-11 years old children's susceptibility to misleading post-event information. Participants' state and trait anxiety were measured, after which they watched an extract from a children's movie. They were then individually interviewed using either a supportive or a non-supportive style. During the interviews, the children were asked 14

  6. Peace-enforcement: Mission, strategy, and doctrine. Monograph report

    SciTech Connect

    Kohler, J.B.

    1993-05-17

    This monograph examines a new military mission-peace-enforcement. It does so through a five part strategic process that links national interests and national security strategy to tactical operations. it asserts that US national security strategy is evolving as a result of the end of the Cold War and that a new strategy will lead to new military missions. The monograph first describes a limited spectrum of military operations that comprise a peace-enforcement mission. Next, it reviews enduring US national interests then analyzes evolving national security strategy to determine if these elements of strategy support the need for a peace-enforcement mission. The monograph then examines national military strategy, operational level strategy and joint guidance, and finally, US tactical doctrine to determine if peace-enforcement is a mission the US military can execute today. The monograph concludes that national interests and evolving national security strategy will emphasize promotion of democracy and stability in lieu of Cold War deterrence. The national military strategy partially supports this shift; support should increase as the Clinton administration clarifies its policy and solidifies the shift from containment. Lastly, the monograph finds there is sufficient operational and tactical level guidance to conduct the mission and recommends formal acceptance of the peace-enforcement mission into joint doctrine.

  7. Effects of e-enforcement in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Koopmans-van Berlo; H. De Bruiju

    2006-01-01

    E-enforcement, or electronic enforcement, is the use of electronic tools in law enforcement. We shall distinguish between the first and second generations of e-enforcement. The first generation of e-enforcement tools provided means of \\

  8. Practical Domain and Type Enforcement for UNIX

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lee Badger; Daniel F. Sterne; David L. Sherman; Kenneth M. Walker; Sheila A. Haghighat

    1995-01-01

    Type enforcement is a table-oriented mandatory access control mechanism well-suited for confining applications and restricting information flows. Although both flexible and strong, type enforcement alone imposes significant administrative costs and has not been widely adopted. Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) is an enhanced version of type enforcement designed to provide needed simplicity and compatibility. Two primary techniques distinguish DTE from

  9. Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenfield, Lawrence A.

    Published jointly by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document presents information drawn from a nationally representative sample of state prisoners and from existing homicide data assembled by law enforcement agencies. It sheds new light on the most serious types of child abuse and…

  10. Evaluation of red light camera enforcement in Oxnard, California.

    PubMed

    Retting, R A; Williams, A F; Farmer, C M; Feldman, A F

    1999-05-01

    Red light cameras are increasingly being used to supplement police efforts to enforce against noncompliance with traffic signals--a substantial contributing factor in urban motor vehicle crashes. Camera enforcement is intended to modify driver behavior through both general deterrence and punishment of individual violators. A before/after quasi-experimental design with controls was employed to evaluate the influence of a red light camera enforcement program on red light violation rates in the city of Oxnard, CA. A total of 14 intersections (nine camera sites, three non-camera sites, and two control sites) were studied. Overall, the red light violation rate was reduced approximately 42% several months after the enforcement program began. Increases in driver compliance with red lights were not limited to the camera-equipped intersections but spilled over to nonequipped intersections as well. Results of public opinion surveys conducted approximately 6 weeks before, 6 weeks after, and 6 months after the camera enforcement program began indicated that nearly 80% of Oxnard residents support using red light cameras as a supplement to police efforts to enforce traffic signal laws. PMID:10196593

  11. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  12. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  13. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  14. Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

    2012-01-01

    This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

  15. Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

    2011-01-01

    The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

  16. Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive versus Controlling Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grolnick, Wendy S.; Price, Carrie E.; Beiswenger, Krista L.; Sauck, Christine C.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either…

  17. Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

    2011-01-01

    The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

  18. Child Care in Sweden. Fact Sheets on Sweden.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swedish Inst., Stockholm.

    This fact sheet outlines Sweden's policies of government-supported child care and parental insurance provisions. Swedish families receive: (1) free maternity and child health care; (2) child allowances for each child of 9,000 krona per year through age 16; (3) up to 450 days of paid parental leave for the birth of a child, with 360 days paid at 90…

  19. Quality and Accessibility of Child Care The demand for quality child care continues to rise as

    E-print Network

    and training to the state's child care industry, AgriLife Extension's child care conferences directly support. Evidence indicates that professional training and continuing education on the part of child care providersLife Extension Service organizes and conducts training opportunities for current and prospective child care

  20. Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program. PMID:23088827

  1. Child Nutrition

    MedlinePLUS

    A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

  2. Identifying and Managing Stress in Child Pornography and Child Exploitation Investigators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meredith Krause

    2009-01-01

    In the last decade, law enforcement personnel have increasingly been tasked to police the internet in an effort to staunch\\u000a the production and distribution of child pornography and to investigate computer-facilitated child exploitation. These investigative\\u000a personnel have encountered a range of assignment-specific challenges and strains as a result of their involvement in this\\u000a taxing and novel investigative activity. In some

  3. 'Stranger' child-murder: issues relating to causes and controls.

    PubMed

    Wilson, P R

    1988-02-01

    Most industrialised countries are concerned with a perceived increase in the killing of children and adolescents by strangers. Though reliable statistics are lacking, the growth of serial murder suggests that more young persons may be at risk than ever before. Explanations, either of a psychological or sociological kind, of child murder by strangers are inadequately developed. Despite the tendency to see such killers as psychiatrically ill a number of studies suggest that the majority of offenders do not differ significantly, at least in psychological traits, from non-offenders. Subcultural and other sociological perspectives stressing "social disadvantage" have low levels of exploratory power and do not assist greatly in understanding child killings. Despite sketchy and contradictory evidence on the effects of the media on sexual and violent crime case study material supports the view that pornography, including popular music, may increase the propensity of individuals to commit atrocities. Counter-measures to control stranger child killing lie in more sophisticated law enforcement (profiling and computer links between police forces) long periods of incarceration of the offender and more sophisticated analyses of the crimes. PMID:3280447

  4. Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support

    PubMed Central

    Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

    2014-01-01

    The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs. PMID:20423545

  5. Child abuse.

    PubMed

    Troiano, Maryann

    2011-12-01

    Child abuse can have a long-lasting and devastating effect on the growth and development of infants, children, and adolescents. Studies of abused and neglected children indicate that they have a higher rate of delayed intellectual development, poor school performance, aggressive behaviors, and social and relationship deficits compared with nonmaltreated children. Early recognition and appropriate treatment is one of the most important factors in preventing further child abuse and maltreatment. Every practitioner should be educated on the signs and symptoms of child abuse. The referral to child protective services is a necessity for the future well-being of the child. PMID:22055898

  6. New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas C. Currie; David D. Ferris; Robert W. McMillan; Michael C. Wicks

    1997-01-01

    Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and

  7. Child abuse in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Okeahialam, T C

    1984-01-01

    Although child abuse occurs in Nigeria, it has received little attention. This is probably due to the emphasis placed on the more prevalent childhood problems of malnutrition and infection. Another possible reason is the general assumption that in every African society the extended family system always provides love, care and protection to all children. Yet there are traditional child rearing practices which adversely affect some children, such as purposeful neglect or abandonment of severely handicapped children, and twins or triplets in some rural areas. With the alteration of society by rapid socioeconomic and political changes, various forms of child abuse have been identified, particularly in the urban areas. These may be considered the outcome of abnormal interactions of the child, parents/ guardians and society. They include abandonment of normal infants by unmarried or very poor mothers in cities, increased child labour and exploitation of children from rural areas in urban elite families, and abuse of children in urban nuclear families by childminders . Preventive measures include provision of infrastructural facilities and employment opportunities in the rural areas in order to prevent drift of the young population to the cities. This would sustain the supportive role of the extended family system which is rapidly being eroded. There is need for more effective legal protection for the handicapped child, and greater awareness of the existence of child abuse in the community by health and social workers. PMID:6232976

  8. Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 4353 (2008)

    E-print Network

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    2008-01-01

    Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 43­53 (2008) Published online in Wiley Inter- right # 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key words: imitation; robot learning; developmental robotics; `like learning without any support will have difficulty over- coming the complexity involved even in simple tasks

  9. Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, early childhood/child development/Department: The National Quality Improvement Center on Early Childhood funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human, early childhood/child development, sociology, anthropology, etc.) are eligible to apply. A student

  10. Including Your Child. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruskin, Susan; Silverman, Kim Schied

    This booklet for parents of young children with special needs provides a variety of child-rearing suggestions as well as an updated listing of resources. After an introduction which defines special needs and summarizes basic principles, the following chapters address: (1) the family as the most important support for a child; (2) the evaluation…

  11. Marital Transitions: A Child's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetherington, E. Mavis; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Reviews research on children's perspective of their parents' divorce and remarriage. Long-time effects are related more to the child's developmental status, sex, and temperament, the qualities of the home and parenting environment, and the resources and support systems available to the parents and child than they are to divorce or remarriage per…

  12. Should AAPL enforce its ethics? Challenges and solutions.

    PubMed

    Candilis, Philip J; Dike, Charles C; Meyer, Donald J; Myers, Wade C; Weinstock, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Ethics enforcement in psychiatry occurs at the district branch and American Psychiatric Association (APA) levels under the guidance of American Medical Association (AMA) and APA ethics documents. Subspecialty ethics consequently have no formal role in the enforcement process. This reality challenges practitioners to work according to guidelines that may not be sufficiently relevant and challenges ethics reviewers to apply frameworks not intended for the subspecialties. This article offers the theoretical and practical support to amend APA Procedures to permit formal consideration of subspecialty ethics during ethics complaints and to include forensic practitioners on panels reviewing them. This is the first step toward an integration of two conflicting models of ethics enforcement, regulatory and aspirational, that bring together specialty and subspecialty ethics. PMID:25187285

  13. DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION REGISTRATION DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), as part of its efforts to control the abuse and misuse of controlled substances and chemicals used in producing some over-the-counter drugs, maintains databases of individuals registered to handle these substances. These databases are av...

  14. Debt Enforcement and Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Adler

    1983-01-01

    The issues raised in this article arose “out of and in the course of” a piece of research on diligence (the name given to the range of procedures available for enforcing judgment debts in Scotland) which Ed Wozniak and I recently carried out for the Scottish Law Commission. Our remit was to describe in detail the impact of diligence on

  15. ESPOONERBAC : ENFORCING SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED

    E-print Network

    ESPOONERBAC : ENFORCING SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED ENVIRONMENTS Muhammad Rizwan Asghar for publication on Elsevier Computers & Security 2013. #12;ESPOONERBAC: Enforcing Security Policies in Outsourced, Trento Italy Abstract Data outsourcing is a growing business model offering services to individuals

  16. 25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all project regulations now or...

  17. 78 FR 4323 - Compliance and Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ...to review by the Office of Management and Budget. List of Subjects in 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement, Enforcement actions, Gambling, Gaming, Indians, Indian gaming. Text of the Rules For the reasons discussed in the Preamble, the Commission...

  18. State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    U.S. Department of Justice

    This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

  19. Parent Education: Seeing the Child's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, David

    1996-01-01

    Notes that the critical art of parent education is to bring the parent into the child's world view. Describes current publications from NAMTA's parent education tool kit which support the child's perspective. Includes strategies for generating parent discussion to merge the parent's point of view with that of the child in dealing with conflict.…

  20. ESPOON: ENFORCING ENCRYPTED SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED

    E-print Network

    ESPOON: ENFORCING ENCRYPTED SECURITY POLICIES IN OUTSOURCED ENVIRONMENTS Muhammad Rizwan Asghar at ARES 2011. #12;ESPOON: Enforcing Encrypted Security Policies in Outsourced Environments Muhammad Rizwan crispo@disi.unitn.it Abstract--The enforcement of security policies in outsourced environments is still

  1. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and...of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  2. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and...of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  3. 21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Enforcement agency. The Federal Caustic Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and...of the provisions of the Federal Caustic Poison Act as they relate to...

  4. From “Child Saving” to “Child Development”?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfred J. Kahn

    What next for the field we now know as “child welfare”? Federal pressure, federal funding, court actions, periodic citizen\\u000a advocacy and occasional citizen or agency recourse to the courts have created a system of sorts, a system constantly undergoing\\u000a change or viewed as poorly implemented. Now, the leadership of our public social services, supportive citizens and foundations,\\u000a policy researchers, and,

  5. Telephone and Face-to-Face Interviews with Low-Income Males with Child Care Responsibilities Support Inclusion as a Target Audience in SNAP-Ed.

    PubMed

    Krall, Jodi Stotts; Wamboldt, Patricia; Lohse, Barbara

    2015-06-01

    Federally funded nutrition programs mostly target females. Changes in family dynamics suggest low-income men have an important role in food management responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to inform nutrition education program planning to meet needs of lower-income males. Cross-sectional telephone and face-to-face interviews. Stratified random sample of men (n = 101), 18-59 years of age, with child care responsibilities, living in households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and a convenience sample of adult males (n = 25) recruited from lower income venues. (1) Scripted telephone interviews about health status, eating behaviors, eating competence, food security, technology usage and topics and strategies for nutrition education. (2) In-person cognitive interviews during review of selected online nutrition education lessons. Nutrition education topics of interest, preferred educational strategies, influences on and barriers to intake, eating competence, critiques of online program content, graphics, format. Bivariate correlations, independent t tests, one-way analysis of variance or Chi square, as appropriate. Thematic analyses of cognitive interviews. Of telephone interviewees, 92.1 % prepared meals/snacks for children and 54.5 % made major household food decisions. Taste was the greatest influence on food selection and the greatest barrier to eating healthful foods. Topics of highest interest were "which foods are best for kids" and "how to eat more healthy foods." Preferred nutrition education strategies included online delivery. Online lessons were highly rated. Interactive components were recognized as particularly appealing; enhanced male centricity of lessons was supported. Findings provided compelling evidence for including needs specific to low-income males when planning, designing, and funding nutrition education programs. PMID:25312868

  6. Spleen removal - child - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

  7. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  8. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  9. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  10. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  11. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  12. 45 CFR 303.101 - Expedited processes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...modify, and enforce support orders. (2) Under... (2) The due process rights of the parties...

  13. 45 CFR 303.101 - Expedited processes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...modify, and enforce support orders. (2) Under... (2) The due process rights of the parties...

  14. 45 CFR 303.101 - Expedited processes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...modify, and enforce support orders. (2) Under... (2) The due process rights of the parties...

  15. 45 CFR 303.101 - Expedited processes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...modify, and enforce support orders. (2) Under... (2) The due process rights of the parties...

  16. 45 CFR 303.101 - Expedited processes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...modify, and enforce support orders. (2) Under... (2) The due process rights of the parties...

  17. Parenting Practices and Child Social Adjustment: Multiple Pathways of Influence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celene E. Domitrovich; Karen L. Bierman

    2001-01-01

    This study explored pathways of influence linking parenting practices, child perceptions of their parents and peers, and social adjustment. Two dimensions of parenting practices were assessed from both parent and child reports: warmth\\/support and hostility\\/ control. Child perceptions of peers also were assessed along these same dimensions. Parenting practices were related to peer-reported social behavior, peer dislike, and child social

  18. Predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families

    PubMed Central

    De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent–child interaction and a secure parent–child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent–child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

  19. Child Development

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and share it with the child’s doctor. More Child Development Facts Developmental Screening Screening for Professionals Positive Parenting Tips Infants (0-1 year) Toddlers (1-2 years) Toddlers (2-3 years) Preschoolers ( ...

  20. Efficient Key Management for Enforcing Access Control in Outsourced Scenarios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blundo, Carlo; Cimato, Stelvio; de Capitani di Vimercati, Sabrina; de Santis, Alfredo; Foresti, Sara; Paraboschi, Stefano; Samarati, Pierangela

    Data outsourcing is emerging today as a successful paradigm allowing individuals and organizations to exploit external servers for storing and distributing data. While trusted to properly manage the data, external servers are often not authorized to read them, therefore requiring data to be encrypted. In such a context, the application of an access control policy requires different data to be encrypted with different keys so to allow the external server to directly enforce access control and support selective dissemination and access.

  1. Enforcement project management handbook. Directive

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The Handbook is intended to be a basic reference and training manual to assist Remedial Project Managers (RPMs) and On-Scene Coordinators (OSCs) in planning, negotiating, and managing Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) searches and PRP-lead actions. It provides an overview of each phase of the enforcement process and discusses specific roles and responsibilities of the RPM/OSC in the process. Procedures and information contained in the document are based on existing and draft EPA policy and guidance. Specific documents are referenced as sources of additional information on particular topics.

  2. Integrating child development with health and nutrition.

    PubMed

    Yee, V

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between health and nutrition is well known. A similar relationship exists between child development and health and between child development and nutrition. Actions favoring child development should be combined with health and nutrition actions that promote child growth. There is accumulating evidence showing the important interplay between nutrition and activities that strengthen a child's environment and the child's interaction with the caregiver. This research suggests that: children's physical growth and development can be improved both by nutrition and by nonnutritional interventions. The interaction between a child's nutritional status and psychosocial development suggests that child feeding should be viewed as a social, developmental, and nutritional process. Opportunities exist within nutrition programs for linkages with child development activities. In the first 4-6 months of life, much of the mother-infant interaction is focused on breastfeeding. During feeding, the child's relationship with the mother grows; the mother can also observe the development of her child's capacities. Other nutrition programs that could be combined with psychosocial components include weaning, center-based supplementary feeding, nutritional recuperation, growth monitoring, and nutrition education. The first 6 years are critical in the formation of intelligence, personality and social behavior and the negative effects of early child deprivation are cumulative. There are many options available for complementary programming that will promote children's development, beginning from early childhood, including: providing direct attention to children through support to child care and development centers, training and supporting parents and other child caregivers, promoting change in community conditions that adversely affect child development, supporting strategies to strengthen national resources and capacities, e.g., strengthening institutions devoted to improving early childhood development, influencing policy and planning through direct advocacy with policy makers, and providing information to the public to create demand and awareness. PMID:12346416

  3. Relationships between restrictive mother-child interactions and anxiety of the child

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heinz Walter Krohne; Michael Hock

    1991-01-01

    The “two-process model” postulates that there are specific associations between patterns of parental child-rearing styles and the development of the child's anxiety and coping dispositions. Besides parameters of parental feedback to the child, this model considers support and restriction to be the central dimensions of child-rearing behavior. The present study aims at assessing behavioral indicators for restriction. For this purpose,

  4. Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout among Law Enforcement Investigators Exposed to Disturbing Media Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa M. Perez; Jeremy Jones; David R. Englert; Daniel Sachau

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the psychological impact of viewing disturbing media on investigators engaged in computer forensics work.\\u000a Twenty-eight federal law enforcement personnel who investigate Internet child pornography cases completed measures of secondary\\u000a traumatic stress disorder (STSD) and burnout. Substantial percentages of investigators reported poor psychological well-being.\\u000a Greater exposure to disturbing media was related to higher levels of STSD and cynicism.

  5. Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayers, Camille M.

    2006-01-01

    In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

  6. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  7. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  8. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  9. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  10. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  11. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  12. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  13. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  14. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  15. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  16. 20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 222.58 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child is living...

  17. 20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When...basis of the employee's earnings record and the relationship of the child to the employee, the child...

  18. LinguaNet: Embedded MT in a Cross-Border Messaging System for European Law Enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Inge Gorm Hansen; Henrik Selsøe Sørensen

    2002-01-01

    Globalisation of crime poses a serious threat to the international community and is a matter of growing concern to law enforcement\\u000a agencies all over the world. In the combat against international and organized crime, the European Union (EU) has supported\\u000a a number of research and development projects within the domain of law enforcement focusing on cross-border communication,\\u000a information extraction and

  19. Multiple Intervention Programs for the Abused and Neglected Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Morris J.

    1976-01-01

    Discussed is the need for programs directed specifically toward the treatment, study, and followup of the abused child; and outlined are the responsibilities of professionals in such areas as hospitals, schools, public health services, and law enforcement. Available from: EC 090 265. (IM)

  20. Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice

    PubMed Central

    Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

  1. 20 CFR 655.800 - Who will enforce the LCAs and how will they be enforced?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...will enforce the LCAs and how will they be enforced? 655.800 Section 655.800 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Applications and H-1B1 and E-3 Labor Attestations § 655.800 Who will enforce the LCAs and how will...

  2. 20 CFR 655.800 - Who will enforce the LCAs and how will they be enforced?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...will enforce the LCAs and how will they be enforced? 655.800 Section 655.800 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Applications and H-1B1 and E-3 Labor Attestations § 655.800 Who will enforce the LCAs and how will...

  3. 45 CFR 308.2 - Required program compliance criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...accordance with the State's guidelines for setting child support awards, the State will be considered to...

  4. 45 CFR 308.2 - Required program compliance criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...accordance with the State's guidelines for setting child support awards, the State will be considered to...

  5. 45 CFR 308.2 - Required program compliance criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...accordance with the State's guidelines for setting child support awards, the State will be considered to...

  6. Including Your Child

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

  7. Child Care Aware

    MedlinePLUS

    ... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

  8. Child's Hearing Loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... regarding your child?s educational needs in the future. Speech/ Language Pathologist (SLP) This professional will evaluate the impact of your child?s hearing loss on speech/language development, and monitor his/her progress, noting ...

  9. Child Passenger Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Child Passenger Safety Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Technical Report Podcasts on Child Passenger Safety CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety [ ...

  10. How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

  11. 12 CFR 28.19 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Enforcement. As provided by section 13 of the IBA, 12 U.S.C. 3108(b), the OCC may...enforce compliance with the requirements of the IBA, other applicable banking laws, and...other remedies otherwise provided by the IBA or any other...

  12. 12 CFR 28.19 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Enforcement. As provided by section 13 of the IBA, 12 U.S.C. 3108(b), the OCC may...enforce compliance with the requirements of the IBA, other applicable banking laws, and...other remedies otherwise provided by the IBA or any other...

  13. 12 CFR 28.19 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Enforcement. As provided by section 13 of the IBA, 12 U.S.C. 3108(b), the OCC may...enforce compliance with the requirements of the IBA, other applicable banking laws, and...other remedies otherwise provided by the IBA or any other...

  14. 12 CFR 28.19 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Enforcement. As provided by section 13 of the IBA, 12 U.S.C. 3108(b), the OCC may...enforce compliance with the requirements of the IBA, other applicable banking laws, and...other remedies otherwise provided by the IBA or any other...

  15. 12 CFR 28.19 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Enforcement. As provided by section 13 of the IBA, 12 U.S.C. 3108(b), the OCC may...enforce compliance with the requirements of the IBA, other applicable banking laws, and...other remedies otherwise provided by the IBA or any other...

  16. CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW ANALYSES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT USING DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW ANALYSES by GURVAN LE GUERNIC M of noninterference is typically used as a baseline security policy to for- malize confidentiality of secret. tel-00198621,version1-17Dec2007 #12;CONFIDENTIALITY ENFORCEMENT USING DYNAMIC INFORMATION FLOW

  17. Thermal imaging by law enforcement 2001

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles A. Stowell

    2001-01-01

    Infrared or thermal imaging systems are currently in use, and have been since the 1980's, by hundreds of major law enforcement agencies throughout the United States and recently Canada. U.S. Federal law enforcement agencies have employed the technology vigorously since the early 1970's, mainly in a surveillance role. Recent design advances have made thermal imagers more portable, and easier to

  18. Effective regulations with little effect? The antecedents of the perceptions of environmental officials on enforcement effectiveness in China.

    PubMed

    Lo, Carlos Wing-Hung; Fryxell, Gerald E; Wong, Wilson Wai-Ho

    2006-09-01

    Enforcement gaps are an especially vexing problem in China due to pervasive "pro-growth" local government priorities, the weak administrative capacity of environmental agencies themselves, and relatively weak levels of societal support for a cleaner environment. This study seeks to examine this problem from the perspective of the local enforcement officials by empirically examining the relationships between these and other influences on their perceptions of enforcement effectiveness. Using samples of enforcement officials from the fast-growing cities of Chengdu, Dalian, and Guangzhou, this study finds that many of the more commonly cited problems related to regulatory enforcement were not as influential in accounting for variations in perceptions of enforcement effectiveness than the current literature might suggest. Moreover, this study also finds that the pattern of influences varies greatly across jurisdictions, with only the officials' belief in the legitimacy of the governments' policies being significant in all three samples. Strong influences on perceptions of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples include the environmental values of enforcement officials, their perceptions of organizational capacity for enforcement, and their assessment of government support for environmental protection. Although government support was found to be a strong predictor of enforcement effectiveness in two of the three samples, the influence of societal support had a somewhat mixed and more complicated effect. In addition, this study suggests that further improvements in enforcement effectiveness may be possible by cultivating or selecting enforcement officials with strong environmental values and beliefs in the legitimacy of the government's environmental policy to take charge of enforcement. Because it is generally accepted that local environmental protection bureaus are generally upgrading their organizational capacity for improvement as the result of increasing central government support for environmental protection and institutional restructuring, and because environmental awareness in China is growing, this study suggests that some incremental progress is likely in China's efforts to close the enforcement gap. Unfortunately, such improvements are likely to be masked by the steep trajectory of economic growth, the narrow scope of regulatory control (i.e., with scant attention paid to nonindustrial sources), and the migration of industrial pollution to rural areas. PMID:16823524

  19. Teacher education, motivation, compensation, workplace support, and links to quality of center-based child care and teachers’ intention to stay in the early childhood profession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia C. Torquati; Helen Raikes; Catherine A. Huddleston-Casas

    2007-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale—Revised or the Infant–Toddler

  20. 45 CFR 303.70 - Procedures for submissions to the State Parent Locator Service (State PLS) or the Federal Parent...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...child or making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of, modifying, or enforcing child support obligations, or for determining who has or may have parental rights with respect to a child, or in accordance with...

  1. 45 CFR 303.70 - Procedures for submissions to the State Parent Locator Service (State PLS) or the Federal Parent...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...child or making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of, modifying, or enforcing child support obligations, or for determining who has or may have parental rights with respect to a child, or in accordance with...

  2. 45 CFR 303.70 - Procedures for submissions to the State Parent Locator Service (State PLS) or the Federal Parent...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...child or making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of, modifying, or enforcing child support obligations, or for determining who has or may have parental rights with respect to a child, or in accordance with...

  3. 30 CFR 740.17 - Inspection, enforcement and civil penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities with respect...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities by the...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities conducted...section, except entry into a building without consent of the...

  4. 30 CFR 740.17 - Inspection, enforcement and civil penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities with respect...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities by the...inspection, enforcement and civil penalty activities conducted...section, except entry into a building without consent of the...

  5. 21 CFR 118.12 - Enforcement and compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Enforcement and compliance. 118.12 Section...12 Enforcement and compliance. (a) Authority...Drug Administration (FDA) can enforce the food...authorized representatives of FDA to make, at any reasonable...representatives to determine compliance with the provisions...

  6. 21 CFR 118.12 - Enforcement and compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false Enforcement and compliance. 118.12 Section...12 Enforcement and compliance. (a) Authority...Drug Administration (FDA) can enforce the food...authorized representatives of FDA to make, at any reasonable...representatives to determine compliance with the provisions...

  7. 21 CFR 118.12 - Enforcement and compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Enforcement and compliance. 118.12 Section...12 Enforcement and compliance. (a) Authority...Drug Administration (FDA) can enforce the food...authorized representatives of FDA to make, at any reasonable...representatives to determine compliance with the provisions...

  8. 40 CFR 239.9 - Intervention in civil enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intervention in civil enforcement proceedings...Adequate Permit Programs § 239.9 Intervention in civil enforcement proceedings...state seeking approval must provide for intervention in the state civil enforcement...

  9. 40 CFR 63.1166 - Implementation and enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Implementation and enforcement. 63...for Steel Pickling-HCl Process Facilities and Hydrochloric...Regeneration Plants § 63.1166 Implementation and enforcement...Regional Office to find out if implementation and enforcement of...

  10. 40 CFR 63.407 - Implementation and enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Implementation and enforcement. 63...Pollutants for Industrial Process Cooling Towers § 63.407 Implementation and enforcement...Office to find out if implementation and enforcement of...

  11. 40 CFR 63.193 - Implementation and enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Implementation and enforcement. 63...Air Pollutants for Certain Processes Subject to the Negotiated...Equipment Leaks § 63.193 Implementation and enforcement...Regional Office to find out if implementation and enforcement of...

  12. Disobedient Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... privacy, ideas, and personal values? How does the family work out its conflicts? Are disagreements resolved through rational discussion, or do people regularly argue or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually take? How ...

  13. Law enforcement officers' acceptance of advanced e-government technology: A survey study of COPLINK Mobile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Jen-Hwa Hu; Hsinchun Chen; Han-fen Hu; Cathy Larson; Cynthia Butierez

    2011-01-01

    Timely information access and knowledge support is critical for law enforcement, because officers require convenient and timely access to accurate data, relevant information, and integrated knowledge in their crime investigation and fighting activities. As an integrated system that provides such support, COPLINK can improve collaboration within and across agency boundaries. This study examines field officers’ acceptance and actual use of

  14. Beyond Bellagio: addressing the challenge of sustainable child health in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z A Bhutta

    2004-01-01

    Despite the hype and ostensible investments in child survival strategies, the state of child health in much of the developing world is alarming. Not only are global investments and support programmes for child health by the development agencies declining, but commensurate support for maternal and child health by poor countries themselves is poor. In order to make a meaningful contribution

  15. 14 CFR 302.407 - Commencement of enforcement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... false Commencement of enforcement proceeding. 302.407 Section 302.407 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to Enforcement...

  16. 14 CFR 302.407 - Commencement of enforcement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... false Commencement of enforcement proceeding. 302.407 Section 302.407 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to Enforcement...

  17. 14 CFR 302.407 - Commencement of enforcement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... false Commencement of enforcement proceeding. 302.407 Section 302.407 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to Enforcement...

  18. 14 CFR 302.407 - Commencement of enforcement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... false Commencement of enforcement proceeding. 302.407 Section 302.407 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to Enforcement...

  19. 14 CFR 302.407 - Commencement of enforcement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... false Commencement of enforcement proceeding. 302.407 Section 302.407 ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to Enforcement...

  20. Child Abuse Issues for Child Care Providers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marlys; Koskie, Beth

    Written for child caregivers, this booklet provides very basic information about child abuse and neglect, discusses early warnings that signal when a family is in trouble or when a child is at risk, and indicates how caregivers can helpfully intervene. Also suggested are ways caregivers might protect themselves against the charge of child abuse.…

  1. Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

  2. Parent Emotion Socialization Practices and Child Self-regulation as Predictors of Child Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Cardiac Variability.

    PubMed

    Williams, Sarah R; Woodruff-Borden, Janet

    2015-08-01

    The importance of the parent-child relationship in emotional development is well supported. The parental role of facilitating a child's self-regulation may provide a more focused approach for examining the role of parenting in child anxiety. The current study hypothesized that parent emotion socialization practices would predict a child's abilities in self-regulation. Given that physiological arousal has been implicated in emotional development, this was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between parental emotion socialization and child emotion regulation to predict child anxiety. Eighty-five parent and child dyads participated in the study. Parents reporting higher degrees of unsupportive emotion socialization were more likely to have children with fewer abilities in emotion regulation. Cardiac responsiveness mediated the relationship between unsupportive emotion socialization and child emotion regulation. The model of cardiac responsiveness mediating the relationship between unsupportive emotion socialization and child emotion regulation failed to reach statistical significance in predicting child anxiety symptoms. PMID:25204571

  3. Family Support Services in Pediatric Palliative Care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caprice A. Knapp; Nancy Contro

    2009-01-01

    A fundamental premise of pediatric palliative care is that support is provided not only to the ill child but to the family as well. In doing so, a number of services may be offered to family members throughout the child’s illness, at the time of death and into bereavement, such as respite, counseling, expressive therapies, and bereavement support. Support may

  4. Maryland Child Care Business Partnership Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Human Resources, Baltimore. Child Care Administration.

    Building on a pledge to support the state's job growth and successful transitions from welfare to work, the governor of Maryland issued an executive order in 1998 to establish the Maryland Child Care Business Partnership (MCCBP). This partnership, comprised of 23 members representing business, labor, state and local government, and the child care…

  5. 16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING TOYS AND OTHER ARTICLES INTENDED FOR USE BY CHILDREN UNDER 3 YEARS OF AGE WHICH PRESENT CHOKING, ASPIRATION, OR INGESTION HAZARDS BECAUSE OF SMALL PARTS § 1501.5 Enforcement procedure....

  6. 16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING TOYS AND OTHER ARTICLES INTENDED FOR USE BY CHILDREN UNDER 3 YEARS OF AGE WHICH PRESENT CHOKING, ASPIRATION, OR INGESTION HAZARDS BECAUSE OF SMALL PARTS § 1501.5 Enforcement procedure....

  7. 12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

  8. 12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

  9. 12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

  10. 12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

  11. 31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

  12. 31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

  13. 31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

  14. 31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

  15. 29 CFR 1626.15 - Commission enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.15 Commission enforcement. (a) As provided in sections 9, 11, 16 and 17...

  16. 16 CFR 315.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Section 315.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.9 Enforcement. Any violation of this Rule shall be treated as a violation of a rule under section...

  17. 16 CFR 315.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Section 315.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.9 Enforcement. Any violation of this Rule shall be treated as a violation of a rule under section...

  18. 16 CFR 315.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Section 315.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.9 Enforcement. Any violation of this Rule shall be treated as a violation of a rule under section...

  19. 30 CFR 939.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part...will furnish a copy of any order to show cause to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management upon...

  20. 30 CFR 939.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part...will furnish a copy of any order to show cause to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management upon...

  1. 30 CFR 939.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part...will furnish a copy of any order to show cause to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management upon...

  2. 30 CFR 939.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part...will furnish a copy of any order to show cause to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management upon...

  3. 30 CFR 939.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part...will furnish a copy of any order to show cause to the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management upon...

  4. 14 CFR 374.4 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION ACT WITH RESPECT TO AIR CARRIERS AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS § 374.4 Enforcement procedure. The...

  5. 29 CFR 1985.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR HANDLING RETALIATION COMPLAINTS UNDER THE EMPLOYEE PROTECTION PROVISION OF THE CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION ACT OF 2010 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1985.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever...

  6. 14 CFR 374.4 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION ACT WITH RESPECT TO AIR CARRIERS AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS § 374.4 Enforcement procedure. The...

  7. 12 CFR 1009.7 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...shall be enforced under the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, Public Law 111-203...Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, subject to subtitle B of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, and under...

  8. 12 CFR 1009.7 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...shall be enforced under the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, Public Law 111-203...Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, subject to subtitle B of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, and under...

  9. 14 CFR 374.4 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION ACT WITH RESPECT TO AIR CARRIERS AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS § 374.4 Enforcement procedure. The...

  10. 12 CFR 1009.7 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...shall be enforced under the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, Public Law 111-203...Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, subject to subtitle B of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, and under...

  11. 14 CFR 374.4 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION ACT WITH RESPECT TO AIR CARRIERS AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS § 374.4 Enforcement procedure. The...

  12. 14 CFR 374.4 - Enforcement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSUMER CREDIT PROTECTION ACT WITH RESPECT TO AIR CARRIERS AND FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS § 374.4 Enforcement procedure. The...

  13. 12 CFR 722.7 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS APPRAISALS § 722.7 Enforcement. Credit unions and institution-affiliated...orders, and the imposition of civil money penalties pursuant...1786 of the Federal Credit Union Act, or any other...

  14. 12 CFR 722.7 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS APPRAISALS § 722.7 Enforcement. Credit unions and institution-affiliated...orders, and the imposition of civil money penalties pursuant...1786 of the Federal Credit Union Act, or any other...

  15. 12 CFR 225.67 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Appraisal Standards for Federally Related Transactions § 225.67 Enforcement. Institutions...

  16. 12 CFR 225.67 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Appraisal Standards for Federally Related Transactions § 225.67 Enforcement. Institutions...

  17. 12 CFR 225.67 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Appraisal Standards for Federally Related Transactions § 225.67 Enforcement. Institutions...

  18. Military Dog Training for Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwell, Lou E.

    1977-01-01

    Describes five courses involved in the intensive training that dogs and their handlers go through in the Military Dog Studies Branch at Lackland Air Force Base (San Antonio, Texas) in preparation for duties in law enforcement. (HD)

  19. 31 CFR 132.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Section 132.7 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING § 132.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the exclusive regulatory...

  20. 12 CFR 233.7 - Regulatory enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.7 Regulatory enforcement. The requirements under this part are subject to the...

  1. 16 CFR 312.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.9 Enforcement. Subject to sections 6503 and 6505 of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, a violation of a...

  2. 16 CFR 312.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.9 Enforcement. Subject to sections 6503 and 6505 of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, a violation of a...

  3. 16 CFR 312.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.9 Enforcement. Subject to sections 6503 and 6505 of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, a violation of a...

  4. 16 CFR 312.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.9 Enforcement. Subject to sections 6503 and 6505 of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, a violation of a...

  5. 16 CFR 312.9 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.9 Enforcement. Subject to sections 6503 and 6505 of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, a violation of a...

  6. 42 CFR 124.512 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Enforcement. 124.512 Section 124.512 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT MEDICAL FACILITY CONSTRUCTION AND MODERNIZATION Reasonable Volume...

  7. 34 CFR 303.704 - Enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...The Secretary reports to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate within 30 days of taking enforcement action pursuant to paragraph...

  8. 30 CFR 905.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...and reclamation operations. (b) In addition to the requirements of part 843, copies of enforcement actions and orders to show cause will be furnished, upon request, to the California Division of Mining and...

  9. 30 CFR 937.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...coal mining and reclamation operations. (b) OSM will furnish a copy of each enforcement action document and order to show cause issued pursuant to this subpart to the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral...

  10. 30 CFR 937.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...coal mining and reclamation operations. (b) OSM will furnish a copy of each enforcement action document and order to show cause issued pursuant to this subpart to the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral...

  11. 30 CFR 905.843 - Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...and reclamation operations. (b) In addition to the requirements of part 843, copies of enforcement actions and orders to show cause will be furnished, upon request, to the California Division of Mining and...

  12. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    Sexual abuse is one form of child abuse. It includes a wide range of actions between a child and an adult or older child. ... child for pornography is also sexual abuse. Most sexual abusers know the ... If you think a child may have been abused, it's important to report it.

  13. The Ramah Navajo Child-to-Child Program.

    PubMed

    Lamarine, R J

    1985-01-01

    The international CHILD-to-child program, conceptualized by Dr. David Morley of the University of London, is based on the concept that children in developing nations act as caregivers, teachers, and health workers in their families and communities. The critical component in the program is the ability and willingness of children to become actively involved as care givers. CHILD-to-child is an action-oriented approach that draws upon a vast reservoir of similar programs that have been successful in over forty developing countries of the Third World. Similarities between the Ramah Navajo Community in New Mexico and many Third World nations served as a stimulus in the initiation and development of this project. The Ramah Navajo CHILD-to-child Health Education Project involved the development of a school health education curriculum that supported Native American children in a community-based effort to improve the quality of health care and the standard of living for their families. With funding from the U.S. Department of Education as a national demonstration project, a needs assessment was conducted and a seven-unit curriculum was developed. PMID:20841148

  14. Advanced law enforcement vehicle electronics and associated power

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. A. Ochoa; J. Witz; M. Eshani; J. Morgan

    1999-01-01

    An ever-increasing role of technology in law enforcement has led to the integration of numerous electronic devices into the advanced law enforcement vehicle. Along with improved safety and efficiency of law enforcement personnel, the addition of these electronics has resulted in significant vehicle power management challenges. The Texas Transportation Institute has developed the Advanced Law Enforcement and Response Technology (ALERT(R))

  15. Girl child: her rights and law.

    PubMed

    Gokhale, S D

    1995-01-01

    This article points out the disparity between India's laws to protect female children and their actual living conditions. It is asserted that the role of women needs to be strengthened and that equal rights are executed to the advantage of children. Equality must come at the very beginning of life. Girl children need access to health, nutrition, education, and other basic services. In India, girls are guaranteed an equal right to education, but fewer girls are enrolled in primary school, and very few girls go on to secondary schools. There is no enforcement of compulsory laws, which particularly disadvantage girls from poor families. Girls marry below the legal minimum age. Early childbearing shortens women's life expectancy and adversely affects their health, nutrition, education, and employment opportunities. Prevention of early child marriage should be strictly enforced. Amniocentesis is performed in order to determine the sex of the child and abort female fetuses. The Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 includes special provisions for the protection, treatment, and rehabilitation of girls under 18 years old and of boys younger than 16. This act protects girls trapped in brothels for child prostitution and protects any person engaged in an immoral, drunken, or depraved life. Juvenile Welfare Boards address the problem of neglected girls and offer special protective homes and supervision by probation officers. The act needs to strengthen noninstitutional services, such as sponsorship, family assistance, foster care, and adoption. Girl children grow to womanhood. Effective social development in childhood reaps rewards in adulthood. PMID:12157999

  16. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  17. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  18. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  19. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  20. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  1. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  2. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  3. Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

    2005-01-01

    This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

  4. Child Advocacy, Report of a National Baseline Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Alfred J.; And Others

    This study defines child advocacy and considers what it can and should become. The contents of the study are divided into the following chapters: Background of Child Advocacy; National Picture; Proposed Focus for Child Advocacy; Advocacy in Action; Program Variables and Search for Results; Overview and Recommendations. The project, supported by a…

  5. Evaluating a bereavement follow-up intervention for grieving fathers and their experiences of support after the death of a child--a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Päivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for measuring fathers' experiences of the intervention program. Assessment at 6 months after leaving the hospital showed that intervention fathers reported lower grief reaction scores and stronger personal growth. Intervention fathers reported the most emotional support from both health care personnel and peer supporters. The support received was perceived as helpful in coping, and fathers rated the intervention favorably. The findings support the continuation of the intervention. PMID:24501857

  6. The unfinished agenda in child survival.

    PubMed

    Bryce, Jennifer; Victora, Cesar G; Black, Robert E

    2013-09-21

    10 years ago, The Lancet published a Series about child survival. In this Review, we examine progress in the past decade in child survival, with a focus on epidemiology, interventions and intervention coverage, strategies of health programmes, equity, evidence, accountability, and global leadership. Knowledge of child health epidemiology has greatly increased, and although more and better interventions are available, they still do not reach large numbers of mothers and children. Child survival should remain at the heart of global goals in the post-2015 era. Many countries are now making good progress and need the time and support required to finish the task. The global health community should show its steadfast commitment to child survival by amassing knowledge and experience as a basis for ever more effective programmes. Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. PMID:24054535

  7. Quantity or Quality: The Impact of Federal Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    1998-01-01

    The bulk of federal funding increases for child care services supports four programs: Head Start, Child Care and Development Fund; Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, and Child and Adult Food Program. Though funding is likely to continue increasing, funding is so poorly orchestrated that additional money may not upgrade the quality of child care…

  8. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  9. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  10. Contribution of Infant Characteristics to Child Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frodi, Ann M.

    1981-01-01

    The review suggested that atypical infants/children (with mental, physical, or behavioral abnormalities) are at risk for child abuse. An explanatory model of abuse was outlined and several studies described whose findings provide support for the model. (Author)

  11. Your Child's Immunizations

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations ... receives. Take Our Quiz! Continue The Vaccines Your Child Needs The following vaccinations and schedules are recommended ...

  12. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... noncontact abuse, such as exposure, voyeurism, and child pornography. Sexually abused children may also develop the following: ... in drawings, games, fantasies unusual aggressiveness, or suicidal behavior Child sexual abusers can make the child very ...

  13. Whatever Happened to Project CHILD?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butzin, Sally

    1997-01-01

    Discusses Project CHILD (Computers Helping Instruction and Learning Development), a program promoting active learning and the integration of technology with learning stations. First piloted in Florida in 1991 and adopted by 57 schools, the project's success has been ensured by documentation, updates, encouragement, and support. Describes a day in…

  14. Young Child. [SITE 2002 Section].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yelland, Nicola, Ed.; DeVoogd, Glenn, Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on the young child from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: (1) "Young Children's Computer Use: Perspectives of Early Childhood Teacher Educators" (Mehmet Buldu); (2) "Using Technology To Support Preschool Teachers' Professional Development" (Julie Hirschler…

  15. A Study of the Cycle of Abuse among Child Molesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coxe, Ray; Holmes, William

    2001-01-01

    This study of 147 sex offenders on probation explores whether there is support for the cycle of abuse theory among child molesters. Results indicate that being abused as a child is related to being a child molester. It was also found that the MMPI-2 did not predict the status of the subjects in regard to being abused as a child and having a victim…

  16. Evaluation of child maltreatment in the emergency department setting: an overview for behavioral health providers.

    PubMed

    Leetch, Aaron N; Leipsic, John; Woolridge, Dale P

    2015-01-01

    Emergency providers are confronted with medical, social, and legal dilemmas with each case of possible child maltreatment. Keeping a high clinical suspicion is key to diagnosing latent abuse. Child abuse, especially sexual abuse, is best handled by a multidisciplinary team including emergency providers, nurses, social workers, and law enforcement trained in caring for victims and handling forensic evidence. The role of the emergency provider in such cases is to identify abuse, facilitate a thorough investigation, treat medical needs, protect the patient, provide an unbiased medical consultation to law enforcement, and provide an ethical testimony if called to court. PMID:25455575

  17. Enforcement avoidance behavior near automated speed enforcement areas in Korean expressways.

    PubMed

    Shim, Jisup; Park, Shin Hyoung; Chung, Sungbong; Jang, Kitae

    2015-07-01

    Automated speed enforcement system (ASES) has been deployed as a safety countermeasure on Korean roadways to reduce speeding-related traffic crashes; information on ASES locations is mandated to be open to the public. However, because drivers are alerted about enforcement via on-board navigation systems and roadside signs, they can avoid enforcement by momentarily reducing their speeds near ASES locations. This enforcement avoidance behavior (EAB) can induce sudden changes in speed near the enforcement locations and thereby increase risk of crash occurrence. In light of this situation, the present study evaluates the effects of ASES on traffic behavior and safety. An analysis of traffic data shows that drivers indeed diminish their speeds near enforcement locations, and accelerate shortly after passing the locations. To investigate how this behavior affects safety performance, this study, by using Empirical Bayes analysis with comparison groups, compares crash occurrences along a certain section before and after the installation of ASES. The comparative analysis shows that overall crash occurrence dropped by 7.6% on average near the enforcement locations, although the reduction was not significant. However, an average 11% non-significant increase in crash occurrence is also observed in the upstream segment, where enforcement is announced to drivers and traffic starts to diminish speed. The findings suggest that the sudden changes in traffic speed induced by EAB substantially negate the benefits of ASES. Therefore, modification of the design of current ASES is required to mitigate EAB and further improve the effectiveness of ASES. PMID:25909388

  18. Issues in statutory rape law enforcement: the views of district attorneys in Kansas.

    PubMed

    Miller, H L; Miller, C E; Kenney, L; Clark, J W

    1998-01-01

    Because there are few qualitative data on the attitudes of district attorneys towards the local enforcement of statutory rape laws called for by the 1996 federal welfare reform law, anonymous surveys were sent to all 105 Kansas district attorneys in 1997. Data were gathered from the 92 returned surveys and from in-depth telephone interviews with seven of the respondents. It was found that 74% of the respondents favored aggressive enforcement, but only 37% believed the public would support such action, and only 24% thought enforcement would reduce the incidence of adolescent pregnancy. While 57% supported the legal age of consent in Kansas (16 years), 53% thought the law should not specify age differences between the partners, but prosecutions are the exception when the age difference is less than 3 years unless the victim was mentally disabled or the case involved force. Most of the district attorneys (77%) rejected the view that a minor who is already sexually active does not merit the protection of statutory rape laws, and 78% felt that paternity acknowledgements should be admissible evidence in prosecutions. Only 17% expressed the opinion that enforcement would discourage adolescents from seeking health care. It was concluded that the impact of statutory rape prosecution on reproductive and psychological health should be considered on a case-by-case basis and that potentially negative impacts can be minimized by educating law enforcement officials about adolescent health care issues. PMID:9711456

  19. Transparent Network Security Policy Enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angelos D. Keromytis; Jason L. Wright

    2000-01-01

    Recent work in the area of network security, such as IPsec, provides mechanisms for securing the trac between any two interconnected hosts. However, it is not always possible, economical, or even practical from an administration and operational point of view to upgrade the software and configuration of all the nodes in a network to support such security protocols. One apparent

  20. 78 FR 21826 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ...E),'' to: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and...communications hubs, and water treatment plants. Combatant Commanders...Components and relevant to drug interdiction or other civilian...information concerning illegal drugs that is provided to...

  1. Automated speed enforcement study finds public support in Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    found across the region, state, and nation. Photo:SAFLandAndrewErickson #12;2 Center for Transportation-temperature cracking than current methods that examine creep and strength properties. After using the DCT test

  2. A commentary on issues relating to the enforcement of International Financial Reporting Standards in the EU

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Brown; Ann Tarca

    2005-01-01

    The adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) is supported in many countries because it may improve the quality and international comparability of financial reporting. However, these goals are less likely to be achieved without regulatory oversight that promotes rigorous and consistent use of IFRS. Consequently the European Union (EU) is requiring all member states to introduce enforcement bodies by

  3. Overview of advanced law enforcement electronic technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harden, W. R.

    1995-05-01

    Law enforcement and security management are using advanced electronic equipment to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the budget restricted police officer force. Currently there is also significant national attention concerning the possible utilization of 'military' electronic hardware to implement the much sought after 'force multiplier' which can help to alleviate each jurisdictions economic restrictions. However, as we are now finding, the transfer of 'military' hardware for utilization by law enforcement personnel is not as economically viable as hoped. This paper will address some of the recent advances in electronic technology that are being derived from the military technology base. Additionally, comments are given concerning the economic impact as the technology is transferred to the law enforcement community.

  4. Nonfamily child abductors who murder their victims: offender demographics from interviews with incarcerated offenders.

    PubMed

    Beyer, Kristen R; Beasley, James O

    2003-10-01

    Nonfamily child abductions have a low rate of occurrence despite the media attention and public hysteria that these types of cases often attract. Although the annual incident rate is low, nonfamily child abductions are emotionally charged crimes that can rapidly overwhelm law enforcement resources. The 24-hour period following an abduction is critical, and law enforcement must be prepared to respond immediately and effectively. The purpose of the present research is to obtain demographic and background history on convicted nonfamily child abductors who have murdered their victims. Data for the study were obtained through interviews of incarcerated offenders and review of case documents. To date, interviews with 25 child abductors who murdered their victims have been conducted within various prison facilities. PMID:19771715

  5. Child Care Teachers' Perspectives on Including Children with Challenging Behavior in Child Care Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quesenberry, Amanda C.; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.; Hamann, Kira

    2014-01-01

    In this study, 9 teachers from 5 child care centers were interviewed to examine their perceptions on including children with challenging behavior in their classrooms. The findings provide a firsthand view into how child care teachers support children's social and emotional development and address challenging behavior. Results confirm previous…

  6. The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanigan, Jane D.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

  7. Individual Differences in Maternal Stress, Child Temperament and Mother-Child Interaction with Developmentally Delayed Preschoolers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcovitch, Sharon; And Others

    Parental stress and supports, child temperament and mother-child interaction in free play were assessed in three groups of families of delayed preschoolers: 40 children with Down's Syndrome, 29 children with neurological impairments, and 40 children with delayed development of unknown etiology. In addition to a number of instruments completed by…

  8. Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB), NIHCD, Report to the NACHHD Council

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Child Development & Behavior (CDB) Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) seeks to improve the health and well-being of individuals from infancy through early adulthood by supporting research into healthy growth and development, including all aspects of child development. The study of typical child

  9. 20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

  10. Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

    2010-01-01

    Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

  11. The effects of legislative change on female labour supply : marriage and divorce, child and spousal support, property division and pension splitting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antony Dnes

    1999-01-01

    Although there has been a considerable amount of legislation aimed at marital rights in several countries in recent decades, the implications for women's labor supply has been a comparatively neglected area. In this report, the authors use insights from the economics of marriage , including bargaining theories, to examine the labor-market impact of legislation covering marital and post-marital support obligations,

  12. Adjourning Justice: New York State's Failure to Support Assigned Counsel Violates the Rights of Families in Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheri Bonstelle; Christine Schessler

    2001-01-01

    This Comment evaluates New York City’s framework for assigning counsel to Family Court litigants, known as the 18-B system. Recognizing the lack of government support for 18-B attorneys, the author examines existing proposals to alter the Family Court system, and suggests a plan of action for a legislative task force. The Comment outlines the evolution of the assigned counsel system

  13. Jugando en el Pidi: Active Learning, Early Child Development and Interactive Radio Instruction. Supporting Caregivers, Parents, and Young Children. LearnTech Case Study Series, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosch, Andrea; Crespo, Cecilia

    In 1993, Bolivia was selected as a site to pilot an interactive radio instruction (IRI) project that would provide practical support to adult caregivers and children around early childhood development. Through linkages with health and education networks, PIDI (Programa Integral de Desarrollo Infantil) provided young children under the age of six…

  14. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation of the A PAR Parental Intervention Programme in Portugal. Child Development and Parenting Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nabuco, Maria Emília; Aguiar, Maria Stella; Costa, Cláudia; Morais, Diogo

    2014-01-01

    This cross-sectional study attempts to investigate the effects of the Aprender em Parceria (A PAR) programme, an intervention in early childhood education and parenting support in the suburbs of Great Lisbon which aims to increase the educational achievement of disadvantaged children from birth to six-years-old. A quasi-experimental design was…

  15. Evaluating a Bereavement Follow-Up Intervention for Grieving Fathers and Their Experiences of Support after the Death of a Child--A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for…

  16. THE DIFFICULT CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

    THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

  17. Child Care Center APPLICATION

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

  18. “In these bleak days”: Parent methamphetamine abuse and child welfare in the rural Midwest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Haight; Teresa Jacobsen; James Black; Linda Kingery; Kathryn Sheridan; Cray Mulder

    2005-01-01

    This report describes the impact of parent methamphetamine abuse on the development and well-being of school-aged children, and considers implications for culturally appropriate child welfare services. Thirty-five adult informants from several, adjacent rural Midwestern counties in the United States were interviewed as part of a larger ethnographic study. These child welfare workers, other community professionals (educators, counselors, law enforcement personnel,

  19. 45 CFR 303.3 - Location of noncustodial parents in IV-D cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...IV-D services because of an assignment of support rights or cases opened upon application...

  20. 45 CFR 303.3 - Location of noncustodial parents in IV-D cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...IV-D services because of an assignment of support rights or cases opened upon application...