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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...0970-AC-37 Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration...

2010-07-02

2

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

3

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

4

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

5

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

6

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

2006-01-01

7

Interstate Child Support: Case Data Limitations, Enforcement Problems, Views on Improvements Needed. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on interstate child support cases focuses on child support enforcement problems that occur when absent parents live in states other than those in which their children reside. Findings indicate that Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) and state caseload and collection data are of questionable reliability and provide limited…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

8

Child Support Enforcement Policy and Unmarried Fathers' Employment in the Underground and Regular Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars have suggested that a negative consequence of strengthening child support enforcement is to encourage fathers to shift from regular sector to underground employment. We employ data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to investigate the relationship between the strength of child support enforcement (CSE) and levels of…

Rich, Lauren M.; Garfinkel, Irwin; Gao, Qin

2007-01-01

9

The Central Registry/Clearinghouse: A Tool for Improving the Child Support Enforcement Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential uses of a central registry/clearinghouse approach in the Child Support Enforcement Program (CSEP) are described in this publication. The CSEP was established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act in an effort to reduce federal monies spent supporting dependent children not receiving financial assistance from absent parents.…

Cooper, Dennis C.; And Others

10

Preliminary Assessment of the Associations between State Child Support Enforcement Performance and Financing Structure. Working Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, is to ensure that children are supported financially by both parents. The CSE program is a shared undertaking involving feder...

M. E. Fishman, J. Tapogna, K. Dybdal, S. Laud

2000-01-01

11

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

12

Child Support: State Progress in Developing Automated Enforcement Systems. Fact Sheet for Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a background report and five appendices, this fact sheet reviews the automation status of state child support enforcement programs, giving particular attention to the status of automation efforts, state and federal officials' views, and reasons for progress or lack of progress. Information was obtained primarily by telephone interviews of…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

13

Child Support Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2002-01-01

14

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

15

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

16

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...financial participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

17

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October 1, 1997... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

18

45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307.20 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

19

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Enforcement of support obligations. 303.6 Section... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

20

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Mandatory computerized support enforcement system. 302.85 Section 302.85 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

21

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

22

45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307.40 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

23

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1, 2000... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

24

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307.25 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

25

45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2009-10-01

26

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

27

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Nonmarital and Marital Births: Does It Differ by Racial and Age Groups? JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 1979-98 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this paper investigated the effect of child support enforcement on marital and nonmarital births, noting differences by age and race. The study examined 4,715 women who were followed from 1979 to their first birth or to 1998. Data also came from various years of the…

Huang, Chien-Chung

28

45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section 307.31 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

29

Face to Face with Fathers: A Report on Low-Income Fathers and Their Experience with Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the experiences of low-income, never-married fathers who have children receiving public assistance and who are required to establish paternity and pay child support. Seventy-one fathers were interviewed either in focus groups or individually. Each father was asked to describe his relationship with his children, his experience…

Ash, Daniel O.

30

Teenage Paternity, Child Support, and Crime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between teenage premarital paternity, child support enforcement, and delinquency. The non-random data were gathered from the Marian County, Indiana District Attorney's Office and Juvenile Court. Suggests that the early establishment of paternity should be pursued and that child support enforcement strategies should…

Pirog-Good, Maureen A.

1988-01-01

31

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

32

The Strange Politics of Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

Christensen, Bryce

2001-01-01

33

The Child Support Program: An Investment That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support program enforces the responsibility of parents to support their children when they live apart. The child support program is jointly funded by federal and state governments under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The program collects child support for families, establishes the legal relationship between children and their…

Turetsky, Vicki

2005-01-01

34

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section... Operations § 1542.215 Law enforcement support. (a) In accordance...b) must provide: (1) Law enforcement personnel in the number...

2013-10-01

35

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2010-01-01

36

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2009-01-01

37

Role of Law Enforcement in the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Overview of child abuse and neglect; Rationale for law enforcement involvement; Recognizing child abuse and neglect; Reporting child abuse and neglect; Child abuse and neglect intervention; Preventing child abuse and neglect.

D. D. Broadhurst J. S. Knoeller

1979-01-01

38

For Your Child's Sake...Establish Paternity [and] Collect Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These brochures explain briefly the importance of establishing paternity for unwed mothers. By establishing paternity and enforcing child support orders, fathers can be required to help raise their child legally and financially. The brochures consist of two separate sheets. "For Your Child's Sake...Establish Paternity" presents several questions…

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.

39

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in Georgia from October 1, 1998, Through December 31, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Support Enforcement program is a Federal, State, and local partnership established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act to collect child support payments from noncustodial parents for distribution to custodial parents. Within the ...

D. R. Levinson

2007-01-01

40

Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

2011-01-01

41

Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcment Act. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Bulletin describes the Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act(the UCCJEA), the most recent in a series of laws designed to deter interstate parental kidnapping and promote uniform jurisdiction and enforcement provisions in interstate ...

P. M. Hoff

2001-01-01

42

Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis. For Law-Enforcement Officers Investigating Cases of Child Sexual Exploitation. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides a behavioral analysis of child molesters. The terms child molesters and pedophiles are defined and distinctions are drawn between the two. The second section develops a law enforcement typology differing from those of mental health professionals, focusing on pre-arrest behavior or pre-identification behavior of child

Lanning, Kenneth V.

43

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...interface with the base system; (3) Provide...the alternative system configuration...or caused by the performance of the system; or (ii) Specify...of computerized support enforcement systems...software, and electronic linkages with...

2010-10-01

44

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...interface with the base system; (3) Provide...the alternative system configuration...or caused by the performance of the system; or (ii) Specify...of computerized support enforcement systems...software, and electronic linkages with...

2009-10-01

45

Forgotten Children: Law Enforcement Agencies, Child Protective Services, and Children of Arrested Parents in Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a child’s sole caretaker is arrested, a number of different outcomes can happen depending on how a law enforcement agency handles the situation. There is no single set of guidelines that all police departments follow. In fact, many departments do not have a policy that dictates practice. This can cause children to “fall through the cracks,” ranging from being

Kristin R. Neville

2010-01-01

46

Navigating the Child Support System: Lessons from the Fathers at Work Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that nearly half of all children born in the US today will be eligible for child support before they reach the age of 18. Many low-income, noncustodial fathers--who often struggle to make these payments--will seek services from workforce development organizations. Yet, understanding the child support enforcement system can be…

Wyckoff, Laura; McVay, Mary; Wallace, Dee

2009-01-01

47

Parental Kidnaping and Child Support. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Problems of Domestic and International Kidnaping and Child Support Enforcement (July 19, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Senate hearing on parental kidnapping and child support. Opening statements are included from Senators Arlen Specter and Mich McConnell. Rebecca Hickman testifies about her experience when her daughter was abducted by the noncustodial father and taken to Iran. Hickman asks…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

48

Supporting your child with weight loss  

MedlinePLUS

... Your child’s doctor can set healthy goals for weight-loss and help with monitoring and support. Getting support ... to get the whole family to join a weight-loss plan, even if weight loss is not the ...

49

Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

Roff, Jennifer

2010-01-01

50

Paved with Good Intentions: The Federal Role in the Oversight and Enforcement of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The context for this article is the public response to the federal role in the oversight and enforcement of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This response has been characterized by a tension between concerns about federal interference in public education and support for…

Ramanathan, Arun K.

2008-01-01

51

45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...applicable matching rate for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307.35 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

52

Peer support in law enforcement: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

Currently, the provision of mental health services to police officers referred for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or after on-the-job trauma has been facilitated mostly by interested licensed psychologists and social workers who often have minimal experience working with the law enforcement community. Despite the heavy toll of work-related stressors on the morale and psyche of police officers, when under stress they are reluctant to seek professional psychological help as its use implies weakness, cowardice, and an inability to perform the job effectively. Peer support counseling can be used effectively whenever the target population is uniquely educated or occupationally trained. Peers offer a unique segue to groups who demonstrate resistance towards psychotherapy, possess religious or cultural characteristics which would complicate the provision of traditional mental health services, and/or believe it is not understood or misunderstood by the general population or mental health professionals. The peer support component of law enforcement and other emergency services agencies has contributed to an increase in professional mental health referrals and a decrease in on-the-job suicides, sick days, and poor work performance. Furthermore, peer participation in debriefings following a traumatic event, and peer support during a crisis facilitates the process of psychological closure and mourning and enables emergency services workers to cope more effectively with tragedy so they can continue to perform their jobs efficiently and with satisfaction. PMID:14608828

Levenson, Richard L; Dwyer, Lauren A

2003-01-01

53

45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...percent rate for statewide computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section 307.30 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

54

Crimes Involving Child Victims: Law Enforcement Reporting to Child Protective Services in Rural Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis examines child protective service reports made in 494 cases of child victimization known to police. The data were collected from police reports of assaults involving child victims in two rural northeastern towns from 1990 to 1999. Findings suggest that cases reported to child protective services (CPS) were more likely to involve child maltreatment and involve family\\/caretaker offenders. Cases

Jean Dawson; Melissa Wells

2008-01-01

55

Child Support and Young Children's Development  

PubMed Central

This study examines the effects of nonresident fathers’ provision of formal and informal cash child support on children's cognitive skills and behavior at 5 years of age. Taking advantage of the panel structure of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we control for child outcomes at age 3 and a rich set of child and family sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. We find that fathers’ provision of informal cash support (but not formal support), particularly at or above the median, is associated with higher cognitive scores. We also find that provision of formal child support is associated with worse withdrawn and aggressive behaviors. We discuss potential explanations and implications of these results for policy and future research.

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Magnuson, Katherine; Berger, Lawrence M.

2012-01-01

56

The Challenge of Child Day Care Needs and Improved Federal and State Approaches to Day Care Standard Setting and Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines child day care needs and ways that federal and state approaches to day care standard setting and enforcement might be improved. Chapter I documents the magnitude of child day care needs, citing Department of Labor, Census, and other survey statistics on the numbers of children needing day care and the number of day care centers…

Costin, Lela B.; And Others

57

Withholding Child Support Obligations from Departmental Employees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to evaluate the wage witholding of child support from Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) employees. On February 27, 1995, the President signed Executive Order 12953, which requires Federal agencies to: (1) condu...

2001-01-01

58

45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...computerized support enforcement system established under the title...amounts owed, collected, and distributed; (8) Maintaining costs...data to the State's TANF system so that the IV-A agency...

2013-10-01

59

Employer-Supported Child Care in Ontario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six case studies describing current employer-supported child care services in Ontario are presented. The studies describe the PLADEC Day Care Center of the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital, the day care center at the Chedoke-McMaster Hospitals in Hamilton, the Early Learning Centre at Durham College in Oshawa, the Hydrokids day care center at the…

Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.

60

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

61

Child Support Obligations and Low-Income Fathers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1994-1998 waves of the Current Population Survey--Child Support Supplement (N = 5,387), the aims of this study are to document child support obligation rates of nonresident fathers, to examine the effect of the obligation rate on child support compliance, and to calculate the trade-off between fathers' financial responsibility and…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Mincy, Ronald B.; Garfinkel, Irwin

2005-01-01

62

Child Support: Need to Improve Efforts to Identify Fathers and Obtain Support Orders. Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Accounting Office (GAO) conducted this review to learn about the potential impact of recent legislative amendments to the Child Support Enforcement Program and to determine (1) whether data compiled on program activities are sufficient and reliable for program oversight; and (2) whether efforts to determine paternity and obtain…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

63

Adolescent occupational fatalities in North Carolina (1990-2008): an investigation of child labor and OSHA violations and enforcement.  

PubMed

This study investigated adolescent worker fatalities involving violations of the child labor laws and/or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, as well as the enforcement activity involved in each case. Medical examiner records were used to identify work-related deaths among adolescents ages 11-17 between 1990 and 2008 and child labor violations. Investigations from state and federal Departments of Labor (DOL) were used to determine inspection activity, identify OSHA violations, and confirm child labor violations. Fifty-two percent of cases involved one or more child labor violations. Nine cases were investigated by either the U.S. or North Carolina DOL; among them, four had child labor violations. Eleven cases were investigated by the North Carolina DOL and all involved OSHA violations. Significant child labor and OSHA violations exist in adolescent worker fatalities in North Carolina, and gaps exist in enforcement at both the federal and state level, signaling needed improvements in the protection of adolescent workers. PMID:23380256

Rauscher, Kimberly; Runyan, Carol

2012-01-01

64

78 FR 21826 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement for Department of Defense Support to the United States Coast Guard for Maritime Homeland Security. (7) Aircraft piracy operations conducted pursuant to title 10, U.S.C. Sec. 182.3 Definitions. The following definitions apply to...

2013-04-12

65

Arrests for Child Pornography Production: Data at Two Time Points From a National Sample of U.S. Law Enforcement Agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000–2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for

Janis Wolak; David Finkelhor; Kimberly J. Mitchell; Lisa M. Jones

2011-01-01

66

Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2004-01-01

67

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

68

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of college. It was hypothesized that child maltreatment would predict poorer

Elise N. Pepin; Victoria L. Banyard

2006-01-01

69

Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

Olson, Maril

2007-01-01

70

Investigator's Guide to Missing Child Cases. For Law-Enforcement Officers Locating Missing Children. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides guidance to law enforcement officers investigating missing children cases, whether through parental kidnappings, abductions by strangers, runaway or "throwaway" cases, and those in which the circumstances are unknown. The guide describes, step-by-step, the investigative process required for each of the four types of missing…

Patterson, John C.

71

Children's Protective Services and Law Enforcement: Fostering Partnerships in Investigations of Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although collaboration in child abuse investigations has been emphasized since 1974, barriers, including role conflicts and organizational differences, have often been reported. This study describes the process of collaboration based on the perceptions of investigators working with a Child Advocacy Center. Telephone interviews were conducted with…

Newman, Bernie Sue; Dannenfelser, Paul L.

2005-01-01

72

Child Support, Father-Child Contact, and Preteens' Involvement with Nonresidential Fathers: Racial/Ethnic Differences.  

PubMed

This study examined how child support, frequency of contact with children, and the relationship between nonresidential parents influenced preteens' reports of the involvement of fathers and mothers in their life. Data are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) that has followed the children of NLSY mothers from birth into their twenties. Results showed that increases in child support and in contact with the child over time after separation are linked to a better coparental relationship when children are age 11 or 12. This better relationship between parents is, in turn, associated with greater involvement of both mothers and nonresidential fathers with their children. PMID:20357896

Hofferth, Sandra L; Forry, Nicole D; Peters, H Elizabeth

2010-03-01

73

Explaining trends in child support: economic, demographic, and policy effects.  

PubMed

We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine trends in the receipt of child support (and the determinants of trends) between 1968 and 1997. The findings suggest that political, demographic, and economic forces all exerted downward pressure on child-support payments during this 30-year period, with inflation, the shift to unilateral divorce, and declines in fertility and men's earnings being more important during the earlier years and decreases in men's earnings being more important during the later years. These negative forces were offset by the passage of new child-support legislation in the 1980s and 1990s, including numeric guidelines, universal withholding, and genetic testing. PMID:12647519

Case, Anne C; Lin, I-Fen; McLanahan, Sara S

2003-02-01

74

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

75

Supportive Care of A Critically Ill Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of pediatric intensive care is early identification, severity assessment and resuscitation of critical patients by\\u000a utilizing standardized protocols. The primary or precipitating disorder should be the focus of attention and specific intervention.\\u000a But in order to provide holistic care to a patient, due attention should also be rendered to supportive care. Monitoring of\\u000a sick children in PICU is

Sunil Saharan; Rakesh Lodha; Sushil K. Kabra

2011-01-01

76

Arrests for child pornography production: data at two time points from a national sample of U.S. law enforcement agencies.  

PubMed

This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000-2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for CP production more than doubled from an estimated 402 in 2000-2001 to an estimated 859 in 2006. Findings suggest the increase was related to increased law enforcement activity rather than to growth in the population of CP producers. Adolescent victims increased, but there was no increase in the proportion of arrest cases involving very young victims or violent images. Producers distributed images in 23% of arrest cases, a proportion that did not change over time. This suggests that much CP production may be primarily for private use. Proactive law enforcement operations increased, as did other features consistent with a robust law enforcement response. PMID:21788212

Wolak, Janis; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Jones, Lisa M

2011-08-01

77

Psychological and Support Characteristics of Parents of Child Sexual Abuse Victims: Relationship with Child Functioning and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child sexual abuse continues to be a prevalent and complex problem in today’s society as it poses serious and pervasive mental health risks to child victims and their non-offending parents. The main objectives of this study were (a) to elucidate the psychological symptoms and support needs of parents of child sexual abuse victims as they present to group treatment, (b)

Poonam Tavkar

2010-01-01

78

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

79

More than a work support? Issues around integrating child development goals into the child care subsidy system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, policymakers have become increasingly concerned about the development of low-income children, as well as about helping low-income parents work. Yet, all too often, child development and parental work goals are seen as separate. As a result, key parental work support services that affect children (such as child care subsidies) have not had a sustained focus on

Gina Adams; Monica Rohacek

2006-01-01

80

Transitional Child Care: State Experiences and Emerging Policies under the Family Support Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to provide information about transitional child care (TCC) program policies and operations and to offer recommendations to policymakers and advocates. Transitional child care is a new federal child care program that every state must implement by April 1, 1990. Established by the Family Support Act (FSA) of 1988, TCC is…

Ebb, Nancy; And Others

81

Employer Support for Child Care on the Rise. Status Report #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 90s, employer-supported child care has experienced the most growth in the child care arena. This article highlights the top child care organizations, including Bright Horizons, CorporateFamily Solutions, Children's Discovery Centers, and others. Employers providing care include private companies, government agencies, hospitals, and…

Neugebauer, Roger

1998-01-01

82

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

83

The racial foundations of whites' support for child saving.  

PubMed

Scholars emphasize that attitudes toward rehabilitation and views about punitive polices are distinct phenomena with seemingly unique etiologies. However, few existing studies examine the sources of public views about juvenile rehabilitation, or "child saving," and none engage a measure of racial attitudes. At the same time, recent theoretical work implicates racial concerns as a central foundation of public opinion about youth justice. This paper thus provides the first assessment of whether whites' perceptions of the racial makeup of delinquents and animosities toward blacks are associated with their views about juvenile rehabilitation. Findings show that whites who more strongly associate delinquency with blacks and those who are racially resentful both tend to be less supportive-in absolute and relative terms-of rehabilitation. The results also suggest that contextual threat moderates the effect of racial typification of delinquency, but not that of racial resentment, on whites' views about rehabilitation. PMID:24468433

Pickett, Justin T; Chiricos, Ted; Gertz, Marc

2014-03-01

84

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pay $150 per month for this child. The soldier presently is married to a spouse...quarters with one of their children. The soldier's spouse deserted the soldier...private housing with their other child. The soldier's spouse earns...

2009-07-01

85

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pay $150 per month for this child. The soldier presently is married to a spouse...quarters with one of their children. The soldier's spouse deserted the soldier...private housing with their other child. The soldier's spouse earns...

2010-07-01

86

The Consequences of Child Support Policy for Family Financial Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the impact of child support policy on the financial well-being of one family experiencing divorce in Minnesota. Data were collected from a court record of a 1999 marital dissolution with joint legal and physical custody and a child support order that deviated from state guidelines. The analysis compared the needs-adjusted income the parties had while in the

Kathryn D. Rettig; Sarah C. Waiters

2006-01-01

87

Teacher support as a buffer between interparental conflict and child social skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child?raising issues on the social skills of middle?class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The prediction that teacher support buffers the association between

Solveig Spjeldnes; Gary Koeske; Esther Sales

2010-01-01

88

Family Support Program Quality and Parent, Family and Child Benefits. Winterberry Press Monograph Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that adoption of, adherence to, and use of family support principles is associated with better parent, family, and child outcomes has for the most part gone untested but not unchallenged. This monograph investigates the relationship between practitioner adherence to family support principles and parent, family, and child behavior and…

Dunst, Carl J.; Trivette, Carol M.; Hamby, Deborah W.

2006-01-01

89

Using Pattern Matching and Modified Analytic Induction in Examining Justice Principles in Child Support Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the design of a study using pro- cedures of modified analytic induction to investigate how courtroom procedures followed or did not follow child support guidelines. Using concepts from principles of procedural fairness and distribu- tive justice, the research team coded transcripts of public hearings on child support guidelines. This paper reports on work in progress and

Kathryn D. Rettig; Vicky Chiu-Wan Tam; Beth Maddock Magistad

1997-01-01

90

Childhood Physical Abuse, Childhood Social Support, and Adult Child Abuse Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of social support in the discrimination of physical child abusers and nonabusers, both with a childhood history of physical child abuse. In contrast to expectations, none of the social support factors distinguished between the abusers and nonabusers. (JPS)

Caliso, John A.; Milner, Joel S.

1994-01-01

91

Supporting child welfare supervisors to improve worker retention.  

PubMed

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a Midwestern state. Unique to this collaborative effort was involving all child welfare supervisors in identifying needed content components, developing competencies, and conducting self-assessments. PMID:17533775

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

92

EPA Superfund enforcement  

SciTech Connect

This subscription provides the full reports issued by the Superfund program on enforcement. Topics include CERCLA and RCRA program management and implementation; comprehensive site planning; PRP search, notification, and information; and litigation support. Also included are inspection and information gathering; treatment, storage, and disposal; and waste management and enforcement.

NONE

1999-03-01

93

Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

94

Parenting a Child with a Disability: The Role of Social Support for African American Parents  

PubMed Central

This paper examines: (1) the impact of having a child with a disability on parents’ mental and physical health among urban-dwelling African Americans and (2) the extent to which positive and negative social interactions with family other than the spouse moderate the impact of child’s disability on parental adaptation. Analyses are based on a probability sample of African Americans living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The analytic sample includes 48 parents of a child with a disability and 144 comparison group parents of non-disabled children. Results showed that having a child with a disability is associated with more somatic symptoms. However, the negative consequences of the child’s disability on parents’ mental health are reduced when parents receive greater positive support from family.

Ha, Jung-Hwa; Greenberg, Jan S.; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick

2012-01-01

95

Preparing parents to help support their child post-amputation for bone cancer.  

PubMed

Amputation for paediatric bone cancer is cosmetically and emotionally disturbing. At the Stollery Children's Hospital, in Edmonton, Alberta, families are taken to see their child following amputation but before their child's anaesthetic has been reversed. Through a retrospective study we found that families found this step to be valuable in helping them prepare to support and care for their child post-amputation. PMID:24620505

Jaraway, Debbie; Perry, Shirley; Phillips, Marjorie; Ziegler, Peggy; Wolgemuth, Amy; Scott, Shannon D

2013-12-01

96

Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

2008-01-01

97

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

98

The Effect of Employer-Supported Child Care in Three Canadian Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this year-long study was to evaluate the effects of the Edmonton Hospital Workers' Child Care Society programs in three Canadian hospitals on the employers, the employees, and the children served. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of employer-supported child care on (1) employee absenteeism; (2) tardiness;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

99

Designing toys with automatic play characterization for supporting the assessment of a child's development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of the Child'sPlay system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording, recognition, and quantification of a child's object play behaviors for retrospective analysis. Our prototype system consists of six varieties of toys augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform which uses statistical pattern recognition techniques to automatically

Tracy L. Westeyn; Julie A. Kientz; Thad E. Starner

2008-01-01

100

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

101

Non-Licensed Forms of Child Care in Homes: Issues and Recommendations for State Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the increased interest of states in exploring how they can provide supports to informal child-care providers to improve the quality of care and education that children receive, this report discusses quality initiatives, licensing issues, training, and monitoring of various forms of non-licensed family child care. The types of care…

Morgan, Gwen; Elliott, Kim; Beaudette, Christine; Azer, Sheri

102

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

103

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk for…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

104

Effects of home-based, informal social support on child health.  

PubMed

To enhance mother-infant interaction, paraprofessional home visitors provided parents with emotional support, information, and help in using community resources during pregnancy and throughout the infants' first 14 months. This study reports effects on child health. Both home-visited women and controls made good use of well-child care. Home-visited women made greater use of sick-child care (p = 0.002), most of which was appropriate. The greater use of sick-child care was concentrated among mothers with moderate or high family stress, with whom home visitors had closer relationships. Case histories showed a variety of individual effects on parents. PMID:2708538

Dawson, P; van Doorninck, W J; Robinson, J L

1989-04-01

105

Child support and the postdivorce economic well-being of mothers, fathers, and children.  

PubMed

This article provides national estimates of the current and potential impact of private child support transfers on the economic well-being of custodial and noncustodial families following marital dissolution. Mothers and children fare dramatically worse than fathers after marital dissolution; these differences, however, would be much more pronounced in the absence of private child support. Simulations of four existing child support guidelines show that substantial increases in economic well-being among mother-custody families are possible within the structure of the existing child support system, with minimal impact on poverty among nonresident fathers. Under all of these guidelines, however, custodial-mother families would continue to fare substantially worse than nonresident fathers. PMID:10836178

Bartfeld, J

2000-05-01

106

Adult Basic Education. Child Care, Transportation, Support Services Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook focuses on two primary needs of adult basic education (ABE) students--child care and transportation--and provides ideas to assist program administrators (especially in Texas) to develop appropriate, workable, community-based strategies to meet these needs. The book contains five chapters. Each chapter addresses a particular aspect of…

Porter, Deborah; Morris, Jamie, Ed.

107

Identifying and Developing Empirically Supported Child and Adolescent Treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child and adolescent therapy outcome research findings attest to the efficacy of a variety of treatments. This article illustrates promising treatments for selected internalizing (anxiety and depression), externalizing (oppositional, and antisocial behavior), and other (obesity and autism) conditions, and for other aims (preparation for medical and dental procedures). Studies in these areas illustrate worthwhile characteristics that can help inform the

Alan E. Kazdin; John R. Weisz

1998-01-01

108

Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

2010-01-01

109

Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers: A Child Advocate's Guide to Helping Them Contribute to the Support of Their Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The correlation between a noncustodial father and child poverty suggests that father involvement and support are critical pieces of the puzzle for reducing child poverty. Regular child support provides an income supplement to families leaving welfare and can prevent families' initial descent into poverty. This issue brief is intended to introduce…

Feeley, Theresa J.

110

Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.  

PubMed

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

2012-01-01

111

An Intergenerational Support System for Child Welfare Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program developed by the Children's Aid Society of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, called Intergenerational Support System (ISS), in which senior volunteers serve as support persons for problem families. (SAK)

Harnett, Joan

1989-01-01

112

To What Extent Do Children Benefit from Child Support? Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which children enjoy regular contact and financial support from their noncustodial parents. It also looks at the extent to which children who have a parent living elsewhere and their custodians are financially dependent on child support. Data are from the National Survey of America's Families. In this survey, data…

Sorenson, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

113

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

114

Effect of Position and Support on Oral-Motor Skills of a Child with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of position (upright vs reclining) and support (held vs chair) on the development and maintenance of feeding behavior were examined in a child with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and gastroesophageal reflux. A reclining position initially facilitated acceptance and swallowing with relatively rapid generalization to an upright position. Oral-motor skills did not differ across levels of support. Practice of emerging motor

MaryLouise E. Kerwin; Mary Osborne; Peggy S. Eicher

1994-01-01

115

Public Support for Early Intervention: Is Child Saving a “Habit of the Heart”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite portrayals of Americans as exceptionally punitive and as favoring “get tough” solutions to offending, a wealth of survey research shows that the public also supports a social welfare, rehabilitative approach to crime control. Opinion polls reveal that citizens are particularly supportive of efforts to intervene with at-risk children and youths—so much so that belief in child saving can be

Francis T. Cullen; Brenda A. Vose; Cheryl N. Lero Jonson; James D. Unnever

2007-01-01

116

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

117

Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 1999. Consumer Income. Current Population Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents data on single parent families, focusing on the child support income that custodial parents reported receiving during the calendar year prior to the survey as well as other support provided, such as health insurance and non-cash suppo...

2002-01-01

118

Keeping Your Child at Home: The Case for Family Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history, philosophy, and importance of family support programs to enhance caregiving capacities of families with disabled children are recounted. Information from a survey of state family support programs is summarized, and successful aspects of Michigan's support subsidy are described. (CL)

Bradley, Valerie J.; Agosta, John M.

1985-01-01

119

Effects of Stress and Social Supports on Mother-Child Interactions in Single and Two-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight mother-child pairs -- 14 single parent mothers and their preschool children and a matched group of married women and their children -- were observed in order to investigate four questions concerning potential differences in the mother-child interactions, life circumstances, and social supports. These questions are (1) Do mother-child

Weinraub, Marsha; Wolf, Barbara M.

120

United States Northern Command's Mission to Provide Military Support to Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies: The Challenge to Keep Homeland Security and Civil Liberty Dancing in Step with the Current Legal Music.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the Nation's Homeland Security, the recently formed United States Northern Command (NORTHCOM) has the mission to provide Military Support to Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies (MSCLEA). Depending on the circumstances and the law, NORTHCOM may pr...

M. W. Hoadley

2004-01-01

121

Final Report: Predictive Models for Law Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Law enforcement agencies have increasingly acquired database management systems (DMBS) and geographic information systems (GIS) to support their law enforcement efforts. These agencies use such systems to monitor current crime activity and develop collabo...

D. E. Brown

2002-01-01

122

Where Copyright Enforcement and Net Neutrality Collide - How the EU Telecoms Package Supports Two Corporate Political Agendas for the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a change to European Union (EU) telecoms law which de facto permits operators to impose restrictions on network traffic, and which enables such restrictions to be imposed for the purposes of copyright enforcement—thus it simultaneously facilitates two different policy agendas from the copyright and telecoms industries—‘three-strikes’ as well as ‘traffic management.’ The mechanism is a provision concerning

Monica Horten

2010-01-01

123

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

124

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Early Childhood Edition, Kindergarten-Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with early elementary-aged children, specifically children in kindergarten through grade two, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

125

Testing the Suitability of Mediation of Child Support Orders in Title IV-D Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to test mediation versus a traditional court process for the establishment or modification of child support orders. The intention is to determine which dispute resolution process is associated with greater client satisfaction and compliance. An auxiliary objective is to test the type of cases which are most…

Schraufnagel, Scot; Li, Quan

2010-01-01

126

Coping strategies and social support as mediators of consequences in child sexual abuse victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the mediator role of coping strategies and social support on the adaptation of children following CSA. Empirical studies indicate that short-term consequences of child sexual abuse (CSA) are multiple and varied (Kendall-Tackett, Williams, & Finkelhor, 1993; Wolfe & Birt, 1995). While abuse-related characteristics were first studied to explain the variability

Caroline Tremblay; Martine Hébert; Christiane Piché

1999-01-01

127

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

128

Community and informal social support for recipients of child protective services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative study of parents receiving child protective services (CPS) was conducted to understand their experience with CPS involvement. Sixty-one parents from two CPS agencies in Ontario, Canada, participated in semistructured interviews lasting 1.5 to 2 h. A grounded theory approach was used to find emergent themes in the rich data, which included the role of formal and informal supports

Shehenaz Manji; Sarah Maiter; Sally Palmer

2005-01-01

129

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

130

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Previous research has linked parents’ social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3–15 in Chicago, we find that parents’ family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression.

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2011-01-01

131

EPA superfund enforcement. Irregular report  

SciTech Connect

This subscription provides the full reports issued by the Superfund program on enforcement. Topics include CERCLA and RCRA program management and implementation; comprehensive site planning; PRP search, notification, and information; and litigation support. Also included are inspection and information gathering; treatment, storage, and disposal; and waste management and enforcement.

NONE

1998-03-01

132

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

133

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

134

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict.

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

135

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons.

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

136

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study.  

PubMed

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?(2) = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

Lindsey, Michael A; Gilreath, Tamika D; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B

2012-05-01

137

Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment.

Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

2013-01-01

138

[Map of the family social support network for the promotion of child development].  

PubMed

This descriptive, qualitative study was performed from September to November 2009, at a Family Health Strategy unit in a city in the metropolitan region of Curitiba-PR. Participants were eight families, represented by mothers, fathers and grandmothers. The study objective was to identify the family social support network for the promotion of child development, from the family's perspective. Data were collected through focal groups and subjected to content analysis. The family social support network was classified as located, consisting of 16 members distributed between the informal and formal network, established by close relationships, with a smaller level of commitment, and occasional. It is considered that the health workers' understanding regarding the role and importance of this network favors the networking proposal between members that contribute to supporting families in the promotion of child development. PMID:22576528

Alexandre, Ana Maria Cosvoski; Labronici, Liliana Maria; Maftum, Mariluci Alves; Mazza, Verônica de Azevedo

2012-04-01

139

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure.

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

140

Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

2011-01-01

141

Certification/enforcement analysis  

SciTech Connect

Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

None

1980-06-01

142

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

143

Child Care: State Efforts to Enforce Safety and Health Requirements. Report to the Honorable Sander M. Levin, House of Representatives. GAO-04-786  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government requires states that receive funds from the Child Care and Development Fund to establish basic health and safety requirements. The federal government also requires states receiving federal funds for child care to have procedures in place to ensure that providers being paid with grant dollars comply with the applicable safety…

Shaul, Marnie S.

2004-01-01

144

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...responsible for making good cause determinations in accordance with section 454(29) of the Act or for a good cause domestic violence waiver granted in accordance with § 260.52 of this chapter, then the IV-D agency must notify the IV-A...

2013-10-01

145

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

146

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

147

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

148

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

149

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? ...Section 286.155 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES,...

2013-10-01

150

Interorganizational relationships among family support organizations and child mental health agencies.  

PubMed

This study examined: (1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and (2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: (a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; (b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and (c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions. PMID:22865099

Acri, Mary C; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2014-07-01

151

Interorganizational Relationships among Family Support Organizations and Child Mental Health Agencies  

PubMed Central

This study examined: 1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and 2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions.

Acri, Mary C.; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2012-01-01

152

More than a Work Support? Issues around Integrating Child Development Goals into the Child Care Subsidy System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes current approaches to child care subsidies and identifies several issues and opportunities facing those who want to integrate a stronger child development focus into the subsidy system. Concludes with a discussion of important questions for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers to help the subsidy system achieve a better balance…

Adams, Gina; Rohacek, Monica

2002-01-01

153

Mechanical Circulatory Support of the Critically Ill Child Awaiting Heart Transplantation  

PubMed Central

The majority of children awaiting heart transplantation require inotropic support, mechanical ventilation, and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Unfortunately, due to the limited pool of organs, many of these children do not survive to transplant. Mechanical circulatory support of the failing heart in pediatrics is a new and rapidly developing field world-wide. It is utilized in children with acute congestive heart failure associated with congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis, both as a bridge to transplantation and as a bridge to myocardial recovery. The current arsenal of mechanical assist devices available for children is limited to ECMO, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, centrifugal pump ventricular assist devices, the DeBakey ventricular assist device Child; the Thoratec ventricular assist device; and the Berlin Heart. In the spring of 2004, five contracts were awarded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to support preclinical development for a range of pediatric ventricular assist devices and similar circulatory support systems. The support of early development efforts provided by this program is expected to yield several devices that will be ready for clinical trials within the next few years. Our work reviews the current international experience with mechanical circulatory support in children and summarizes our own experience since 2005 with the Berlin Heart, comparing the indications for use, length of support, and outcome between these modalities.

Gazit, Avihu Z; Gandhi, Sanjiv K; C Canter, Charles

2010-01-01

154

Support requirements of parents caring for a child with disability and complex health needs.  

PubMed

Aim To investigate the experiences of parents of children with complex health needs in relation to the help and support they receive when caring for their child. Method A series of in-depth semi-structured interviews undertaken with the parents of 34 children (33 families) with a disability or a complex health need. Families were categorised into one of three subgroups: children with a disability, children with a life-limiting or life-threatening illness, or children with technology dependence. Findings In relation to parental experience of the need for help and support, two major categories were identified, namely 'people', and 'processes and resources', as well as a series of subcategories. Respite care was identified as the greatest unmet need. Conclusion Parents identified a range of helping behaviours among key professional staff involved in support provision. The greatest area of unmet needs is for respite care. PMID:24805033

Whiting, Mark

2014-05-01

155

Regulatory enforcement and compliance: Industrial waste water pretreatment programs  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this study is to identify the role that enforcement efforts play in accomplishing the pretreatment program goals, and to develop alternative ways to measure enforcement effectiveness in achieving a higher rate of compliance. Specifically, the study identifies which enforcement actions are most effective in bringing about compliance. The ideal way of measuring enforcement effectiveness is to estimate the extent to which a firm's violating discharge rate is reduced by enforcement actions. The statistical relationship between the firm's noncompliance and enforcement actions is estimated, and the hypotheses of enforcement derived from theoretical models are tested. The results of the statistical relationship between the firm's violating discharge rate and the control authority's enforcement actions indicate that regulatory enforcement is effective in reducing the firm's violating discharge rate, with support for most of the enforcement hypotheses derived from theoretical models. Regulatory enforcement is negatively related to the firm's noncompliance.

Lee Sanggo.

1991-01-01

156

Review of Automated Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Law enforcement is considered an important contributor for maintaining traffic safety. However, limited resources, such as staff and funds, constrain the efforts of police in traffic law enforcement. New technologies such as automated enforcement may offe...

K. Fitzpatrick

1991-01-01

157

Current Practice in Meeting Child Health Needs in Family Support Services: Variation by Service Type and Perspectives on Future Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of all service users include those related to physical, emotional, sexual and mental health. This article documents where child health needs are recognised and being met within family support services in the west of Ireland, investigates whether there is variation across different types of family support services and presents the views…

Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Dolan, Pat; Canavan, John; O'Higgins, Siobhan

2009-01-01

158

Child sexual abuse and subsequent relational and personal functioning: the role of parental support.  

PubMed

This study examined the role of nonoffending parental support in the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and later romantic attachment, psychiatric symptoms, and couple adjustment. Of 348 adults engaged in stable romantic relationship, 59 (17%) reported sexual abuse. In this subgroup, 14% (n=8) reported parental intervention after the abuse was disclosed (i.e., support), 15% (n=9) reported a lack of parental intervention after abuse disclosure (i.e., nonsupport), and 71% (n=42) reported that their nonabusive parent(s) was(were) unaware of their abuse. Results indicated that, compared to other groups, CSA survivors with nonsupportive parents reported higher levels of anxious attachment, psychological symptoms, and dyadic maladjustment. In contrast, CSA survivors with supportive parent(s) expressed psychological and couple adjustment equivalent to non-abused participants, and lower attachment avoidance, relative to all other groups. Path analysis revealed that insecure attachment completely mediated the relationship between perceived parental support after CSA and later psychosocial outcomes. An actor-partner interdependence model showed different patterns for men and women and highlighted the importance of considering relational dynamics in dyads of CSA survivors. Overall, the results suggest that perceived parental support serves as a protective factor among those exposed to CSA. PMID:24199753

Godbout, Natacha; Briere, John; Sabourin, Stéphane; Lussier, Yvan

2014-02-01

159

28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that...

2012-07-01

160

28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4...not a law enforcement agency. Where a report of child abuse received by a designated agency that...

2011-07-01

161

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

162

Global paediatric advanced life support: improving child survival in limited-resource settings.  

PubMed

Nearly all global mortality in children younger than 5 years (99%) occurs in developing countries. The leading causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years worldwide, pneumonia and diarrhoeal illness, account for 1·396 and 0·801 million annual deaths, respectively. Although important advances in prevention are being made, advanced life support management in children in developing countries is often incomplete because of limited resources. Existing advanced life support management guidelines for children in limited-resource settings are mainly empirical, rather than evidence-based, written for the hospital setting, not standardised with a systematic approach to patient assessment and categorisation of illness, and taught in current paediatric advanced life support training courses from the perspective of full-resource settings. In this Review, we focus on extension of higher quality emergency and critical care services to children in developing countries. When integrated into existing primary care programmes, simple inexpensive advanced life support management can improve child survival worldwide. PMID:23332963

Ralston, Mark E; Day, Louise T; Slusher, Tina M; Musa, Ndidiamaka L; Doss, Helen S

2013-01-19

163

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as...

2011-04-01

164

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

165

General Enforcement Policy Compendium  

SciTech Connect

The attached documents contained in the report, are an update of the General Enforcement Policy Compendium. The update consists of policies which have been added, revised or deleted since the issuance of the June 11, 1987, update. Some of the policies are: Issuance of Enforcement Considerations for Drafting and Reviewing Regulations and Guidelines for Developing New or Revised Compliance and Enforcement Strategies, Procedures and Responsibilities for Updating and Maintaining the Enforcement Docket, Final Guidance on Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution Techniques in Enforcement Action, Processing of Consent Decrees, Procedures for Assessing Stipulated Penalties, Case Management Plans, and Guidance on Certification of Compliance with Enforcement Agreements. There are also modifications to existing policies.

Not Available

1988-12-16

166

Bereavement support used by mothers in Ireland following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition.  

PubMed

Background: Children's palliative care is a rapidly developing specialism internationally. Bereavement support is an integral component of children's palliative care but to date little research has investigated the bereavement support that mothers in Ireland use following the death of their child. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore mothers' experiences of bereavement support in Ireland following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition. Method: A descriptive qualitative design was used. The study sample was ten mothers who had been bereaved in the previous 5 years. All mothers were recruited to the study by a gatekeeper from a voluntary organisation. Data were obtained through unstructured single interviews and analysed using conventional content analysis. Results: The findings indicate that the mothers relied on a combination of informal and formal bereavement support. In addition to depending on others to provide support, the mothers described their ability to self-support. Conclusions: The findings show that mothers in Ireland use a variety of sources of support following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition. Health professionals involved in caring for families and children with a life-limiting condition should have an understanding of these sources. PMID:24763325

Jennings, Valerie; Nicholl, Honor

2014-04-25

167

Questions and Answers for Noncustodial Fathers: A Question and Answer Resource on Paternity Establishment and Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help men faced with the legal issues of paternity establishment and the child support system understand the processes and get an overview of the system. Because the laws of the individual states vary, the document is written in general terms and often indicates the circumstances under which the state law or policy will…

Boggess, Jacquelyn

168

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

169

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

170

Examination of the Child Protective Services Decision-Making Context with Implications for Decision Support System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general perception of Child Protective Services (CPS) decision making is that it is inconsistent and prone to error. As a result, risk assessment instruments were developed to enable investigators to make better decisions. The present study uses a qualitative approach with an explicit theoretical framework pertinent to management information systems and decision support system design to examine the context

Dale Fitch

2006-01-01

171

Effects of School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports on Child Behavior Problems  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) is a universal prevention strategy currently implemented in >16?000 schools across the United States. SWPBIS intends to reduce students’ behavior problems by altering staff behaviors and developing systems and supports to meet children’s behavioral needs. The current study reports intervention effects on child behaviors and adjustment from an effectiveness trial of SWPBIS. METHODS: The sample of 12?344 elementary school children was 52.9% male, 45.1% African American, and 46.1% Caucasian. Approximately 49% received free or reduced-priced meals, and 12.9% received special education services at baseline. The trial used a group randomized controlled effectiveness design implemented in 37 elementary schools. Multilevel analyses were conducted on teachers’ ratings of children’s behavior problems, concentration problems, social-emotional functioning, prosocial behavior, office discipline referrals, and suspensions at 5 time points over the course of 4 school years. RESULTS: The multilevel results indicated significant effects of SWPBIS on children’s behavior problems, concentration problems, social-emotional functioning, and prosocial behavior. Children in SWPBIS schools also were 33% less likely to receive an office discipline referral than those in the comparison schools. The effects tended to be strongest among children who were first exposed to SWPBIS in kindergarten. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide support for the hypothesized reduction in behavior problems and improvements in prosocial behavior and effective emotion regulation after training in SWPBIS. The SWPBIS framework appears to be a promising approach for reducing problems and promoting adjustment among elementary school children.

Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Leaf, Philip J.

2012-01-01

172

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

173

Home Management 7: Child Care Unit. Course Objectives, Content Analysis, Supporting Objectives and Content Generalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These curriculum materials represent a child care unit in a home management program which is concerned with consumer and family studies. The curriculum unit is designed to help young adolescents work successfully with small children. A career focus, that of baby sitter or child caregiver, forms the unit's conceptual framework. This publication…

Erickson, Susan, Comp.; Martin, Joan, Ed.

174

Comprehensive Child Development Program--A National Family Support Demonstration. First Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comprehensive Child Development Act of 1988 provided for the establishment of Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP) projects to be administered by the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF). A total of 24 CCDP projects were funded through 1990. The CCDP works with the family as a unit and integrates services across…

Hubbell, Ruth; And Others

175

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

176

An Economic Analysis of Child Care Support to Low-Income Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic impact of the provision of public child care assistance on low income families is evaluated in this report. Data from interviews and records of current and former recipients of 4C child care assistance under Title II in the Orlando Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) during the period 1976-1978 are examined. A brief overview…

Hosni, Dejehane A.; Donnan, Brenda

177

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

Zoll, Susan M.

2011-01-01

178

Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

2011-01-01

179

Child Exploitation: Some Pieces of the Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report addresses the status in North Carolina and in the nation of child exploitation. Legislative and judicial backgrounds of child pornography and child prostitution are reviewed, and difficulties in obtaining statistical data are noted. Law enforcement issues in pornography are cited, and suggestions for further legislation regarding child

Rohlader, Dorothy

180

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

181

Enforcement handbook: Enforcement of DOE nuclear safety requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Handbook provides detailed guidance and procedures to implement the General Statement of DOE Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy). A copy of this Enforcement Policy is included for ready reference in Appendix D. The guidance provided in ...

1995-01-01

182

Enforceable security policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A precise characterization is given for the class of security policies enforceable with mechanisms that work by monitoring system execution, and automata are introduced for specifying exactly that class of security policies. Techniques to enforce security policies specified by such automata are also discussed.

Fred B. Schneider

2000-01-01

183

Enforceable social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the enforcement of social laws in artificial social systems using a control system. We define the enforceable social law problem as an extension of Tennenholtz' stable social law problem. We distinguish the choice of social laws from the choice of control systems, where the latter leads to new computational problems. We consider also properties of

Guido Boella; Leendert W. N. van der Torre

2005-01-01

184

Supporting local planning and budgeting for maternal, neonatal and child health in the Philippines  

PubMed Central

Background Responsibility for planning and delivery of health services in the Philippines is devolved to the local government level. Given the recognised need to strengthen capacity for local planning and budgeting, we implemented Investment Cases (IC) for Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) in three selected sub-national units: two poor, rural provinces and one highly-urbanised city. The IC combines structured problem-solving by local policymakers and planners to identify key health system constraints and strategies to scale-up critical MNCH interventions with a decision-support model to estimate the cost and impact of different scaling-up scenarios. Methods We outline how the initiative was implemented, the aspects that worked well, and the key limitations identified in the sub-national application of this approach. Results Local officials found the structured analysis of health system constraints helpful to identify problems and select locally appropriate strategies. In particular the process was an improvement on standard approaches that focused only on supply-side issues. However, the lack of data available at the local level is a major impediment to planning. While the majority of the strategies recommended by the IC were incorporated into the 2011 plans and budgets in the three study sites, one key strategy in the participating city was subsequently reversed in 2012. Higher level systemic issues are likely to have influenced use of evidence in plans and budgets and implementation of strategies. Conclusions Efforts should be made to improve locally-representative data through routine information systems for planning and monitoring purposes. Even with sound plans and budgets, evidence is only one factor influencing investments in health. Political considerations at a local level and issues related to decentralisation, influence prioritisation and implementation of plans. In addition to the strengthening of capacity at local level, a parallel process at a higher level of government to relieve fund channelling and coordination issues is critical for any evidence-based planning approach to have a significant impact on health service delivery.

2013-01-01

185

Emerging effortful control in infancy and toddlerhood and maternal support: A child driven or parent driven model?  

PubMed

This study examined the association between children's temperamental characteristics of rudimentary effortful control (EC) and mothers' supportive reactions to their children's negative emotions in infancy and toddler period. One hundred and fifty eight (78 girls) Taiwanese children's EC was assessed at 12 and 24 months with mothers' report on the very short-form scales of Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) respectively. The mothers also completed questionnaires to assess their comforting behaviors at 12 months and both comforting and cognitive assistance to their children's expression of negative emotions when the child was 24 months old. A structural model was used to examine within- and across-time relations between children's EC and the maternal support. The results showed continuity of EC related temperament from infancy to toddlerhood and the 12-month rudimentary EC positively predicted mothers' comforting and cognitive assistance at 24 months, suggesting that mothers modulate their use of support in accordance with their prior knowledge of their children's regulatory capacities. The results indicated an influence of infants' temperament on adult behaviors, supporting potential evocative child effects on mothers' emotion coaching behaviors. PMID:24607991

Li, Ishien; Pawan, Ciwas; Stansbury, Kathy

2014-05-01

186

76 FR 80847 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...25 CFR Part 573 RIN 3141-AA50 Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian...regulations to include a graduated pre-enforcement process through which a tribe may come into compliance before an enforcement action is taken by the Chair....

2011-12-27

187

77 FR 47517 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming...NIGC or Commission) is amending its enforcement regulation to include a graduated pre- enforcement process through which a tribe may...

2012-08-09

188

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

189

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

190

Developing Internet Communication and Peer Support in a Statewide Child Care Community for Participants in a Child Development Associate (CDA) Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation project was designed to improve communication systems among child care providers previously and currently enrolled in a statewide Child Development Associate (CDA) training program as a pilot project to promote communication among the statewide child care community as a whole. Communications systems within the CDA…

Stahl, Steven

191

Parenting, Parental Mental Health, and Child Functioning in Families Residing in Supportive Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term homelessness is associated with other psychosocial risk factors (e.g., adult mental illness, substance abuse, and exposure to violence). All of these factors are associated with impairments in parenting effectiveness and child adjustment, but there are very limited data investigating parenting among families who are homeless and highly mobile. In particular, there is no literature examining the relationships among observed

Abigail H. Gewirtz; David S. DeGarmo; Elizabeth J. Plowman; Gerald August; George Realmuto

2010-01-01

192

Policies to support maternal employment and care for the child: what does the research tell us?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continual increase in maternal employment in Australia over the past three decades has focused attention on family friendly employment policies and provision of childcare. To fully understand mothers’ decisions regarding return to paid work and child care requires empirical, longitudinal evidence of the on-going decision-making processes beginning with their preferred options. This prospective longitudinal study investigated preferences and decisions of

Wendy Boyd

2011-01-01

193

Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

Education Next, 2007

2007-01-01

194

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

195

Child Abuse Investigations: Reasons for using Child Advocacy Centers and Suggestions for Improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protective service (CPS) and child abuse law enforcement (LE) investigators have been required by the majority of states to work together when investigating criminal cases of child abuse. Child Advocacy Centers (CACs) and other. multidisciplinary models of collaboration have developed across the United States to meet these requirements. This study surveyed 290 CPS and LE investigators who use a

Bernie Sue Newman; Paul L. Dannenfelser; Derek Pendleton

2005-01-01

196

Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways Through Caregiving and the Home Environment  

PubMed Central

Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a naturally occurring intervention for low-income children: a direct pathway through child care quality to child outcomes, and an indirect pathway through improvements in the home environment. Children were observed in their homes and child care settings at 6, 15, 24, and 36 months. An interaction between family income-to-needs ratio and child care quality predicted School Readiness, Receptive Language, and Expressive Language, as well as improvements in the home environment. Children from low-income families profited from observed learning supports in the form of sensitive care and stimulation of cognitive development, and their parents profited from unobserved informal and formal parent supports. Policy implications are discussed.

McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

2009-01-01

197

Citizen Submissions on Enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization that addresses "regional environmental concerns, help[s] prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and . . . promote[s] the effective enforcement of environmental law." To that end, CEC maintains this interesting registry of citizen submissions on environmental enforcement matters. At the registry, updates on outstanding submissions are posted, as well as any new submissions. For those interested in tracking real legislative processes related to environmental enforcement, this is an interesting site with international implications.

198

Termination of life support after severe child abuse: the role of a guardian ad litem.  

PubMed

Discontinuation of life-sustaining interventions often raises ethical concerns. In cases of severe child abuse with poor prognosis for recovery, accused parents may have a conflict of interest regarding medical decision-making for their child, because the outcome of such decisions may impact legal charges filed against them. The recently issued American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for addressing such cases recommended the appointment of a guardian ad litem for medical decision-making. We present the case of an 8-month-old infant who was abused severely by her father, resulting in a persistent vegetative state. We describe our experience with appointing a guardian ad litem and the ethical issues involved. PMID:14754984

Gladsjo, Julie Akiko; Breding, John; Sine, David; Wells, Robert; Kalemkiarian, Sharon; Oak, Joni; Vieira, Angela S; Friedlander, Sheila Fallo

2004-02-01

199

Need for and access to supportive services in the child welfare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine how geographical availability of social services is related to foster care entry rates\\u000a and referrals for child maltreatment investigations. The primary concerns are to (1) determine locations across Los Angeles\\u000a County where the availability of social services is low but display a high need for those services and (2) begin to examine

Bridget Freisthler

200

Child's Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

201

Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

1988-05-01

202

Advancing the Campaign Against Child Labor. Efforts at the Country Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Preface; Introduction; Congressional Mandate and Legislative Requirements; Scope of Report; Country Profile Format; ( The Incidence and Nature of Child Labor, Children's Participation in School, Child Labor Law and Enforcement); Addressing Child...

2002-01-01

203

HOV Lane Enforcement Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study evaluated various high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane enforcement techniques on a recently constructed section of HOV lanes along I-405 in the Seattle, Washington, area. The research included a related public opinion survey concerning HOV lanes. T...

E. L. Jacobson

1993-01-01

204

Family Support: A New Approach to Child Well-Being [and] Health Care for All Our Children: We Can Make It Happen [and] Massachusetts Families: Working and Still Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three brochures discuss important issues related to child welfare. The first, "Family Support: A New Approach to Child Well-Being," summarizes this philosophy of community service. Family support is defined and differentiated from traditional services; its advantages are outlined; and specific family support programs in Massachusetts are…

Massachusetts KIDS COUNT, Boston.

205

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

206

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

207

Parent-Child Interaction among Latina Adolescent Mothers: The Role of Family and Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina adolescent mothers were videotaped at home interacting with their children and interviewed regarding their social support. Consistent with existing models, mothers who reported greater overall social support were more expressive across three observation tasks and more sensitive during unstructured play; in contrast, specific aspects of…

Contreras, Josefina M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Diener, Marissa L.; Brunson, Liesette

1999-01-01

208

Mothers' Emotions and Behavioral Support during Interactions with Toddlers: The Role of Child Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines mothers' support for children's interests and, specifically, emotional processes in mothers that may explain why they display different levels of support with children of different temperaments. We observed 114 mothers and their 14-27 month-old children during a laboratory interaction. Mothers rated children on three…

Bryan, Amy E.; Dix, Theodore

2009-01-01

209

Older Child Adoptions and Families' Participation in Post-Placement Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study was made to investigate factors possibly related to adoptive families' and adoptive single parents' decisions about participation in a new postplacement support service. Factors under consideration included family background, existing informal supports, attitudes toward mental health professionals, and perceptions of the…

Pinderhughes, Ellen E.

210

Privacy with Web Serivces: Intelligence Gathering and Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on agent-based enterprise information technology infrastructure support for privacy in the Web services architecture (WSA) in order to enforce privacy policies on private information (PI) used by applications. We provision the Web services platform (WSP) with mechanisms to not only enforce privacy policies on PI used by a Web service, but also gather intelligence about PI that

Peter Bodorik; Dawn N. Jutla

2008-01-01

211

Mother-child relationships as sources of support or stress: a comparison of competent, average, aggressive, and anxious dyads.  

PubMed

We tested the proposition that mother-child relationships can be sources of support or stress, by comparing patterns of mother-child interactions in a problem-solving task that children completed with their own and with an unfamiliar mother. 4 groups of preschoolers (n = 30 in each group)--identified on the basis of teacher ratings as socially competent, average, aggressive, or anxious--participated. Mothers of competent and average children were highly positive and reciprocal toward their own and unfamiliar children. Mothers of aggressive and anxious children were only positive and reciprocal toward unfamiliar children but generally indiscriminate (aggressive group) or aversive and negatively reciprocal (anxious group) toward their own. Children in all 4 groups tended to be reciprocal toward their own mothers, but only competent and average children were reciprocal toward unfamiliar mothers also. Aggressive and anxious children generally responded to unfamiliar mothers by ignoring or actively rejecting their overtures. Results (1) indicate that the relationship with the primary caregiver may serve as a major source of support or stress in the preschool years; (2) focus attention on the dynamic organization of interactions rather than on the presence or frequency of particular behaviors, indicating that a dynamic of reciprocity enables children and mothers to adapt positively to the ever changing demands of new social situations; (3) point to the need to develop new means of assessing relationships to better understand how they influence development; and (4) highlight the importance of incorporating transactional models in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood dysfunctions rather than accounting for them solely in terms of limited skills in parents or children. PMID:8112116

Dumas, J E; LaFreniere, P J

1993-12-01

212

Integration of clinical decision support with on-line encounter documentation for well child care at the point of care.  

PubMed Central

Electronic medical record systems and clinical practice guideline (CPG) support applications are emerging in the clinical environment to document and support care. Applications which integrate online documentation with CPG are often complex systems bound to a proprietary infrastructure and as such, can be difficult to adapt to changing care guidelines. This paper describes integration of point-of-care clinical documentation to an Internet-based CPG system that was easily modified, utilized available software resources, and separated patient information from CPG. The system combined a text-based encounter documentation tool, Inbox, with a web-based CPG system, SIEGFRIED (System for Interactive Electronic Guidelines with Feedback and Resources for Instructional and Educational Development), which interactively presented care guidelines to providers. Age-specific well child care documentation templates were developed using Inbox for point-of-care documentation. SIEGFRIED contained the knowledge base of child safety education guidelines and executed independent of the program presenting the guidelines. The CPG were accessed from within the documentation template via an Internet hyperlink. Patient chart evaluation indicated that 77% of safety topics were reviewed and 32% of the charts contained documentation indicating all the safety topics were reviewed. Last, routine use of the Inbox-SIEGFRIED system was not realized due to the clinical time constraints and workload of the medical providers, and lack of data entry experience. A user survey indicated time cost (network access and software execution) were negative aspects of the system. However, the system function was highly regarded and the Internet-based patient education materials were described as useful and accurate. In summary, the system was functional, met original development goals, and provided valuable patient education materials; however, routine system use was prevented by time requirements. We recommend further development be oriented towards integrating the identified beneficial components of the system into clinician workflow. Images Figure 1

Porcelli, P. J.; Lobach, D. F.

1999-01-01

213

Drug Enforcement Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet contains information relating to drug abuse and abusers; drug traffic legislation; law enforcement; and descriptions of commonly used narcotics, stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens. Also included is a short but explicit listing of audiovisual aids, an annotated bibliography, and drug identification pictures. The booklet…

Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

214

Metrics for Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet the job-related metric measurement needs of students interested in law enforcement, this instructional package is one of two for the public service occupations cluster, part of a set of 55 packages for metric instruction in different occupations. The package is intended for students who already know the occupational terminology,…

Cooper, Gloria S., Ed.; Magisos, Joel H., Ed.

215

Your Child's Development 12 to 15 Months  

MedlinePLUS

... your child learning from watching you? 12 to 15 Months As you use this resource, remember that ... support and guidance. Your Child’s Development 12 to 15 Months Every child is born with his own ...

216

Collective Enforcement of International Obligations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Collective enforcement is not a very clear notion. It may refer to the institutionalized enforcement through specific international\\u000a organizations, especially the United Nations. The European Convention on Human Rights uses the term “collective enforcement”\\u000a in the Preamble thereby describing the whole enforcement-system of that Convention1. Commission and Court have referred to this notion in interpreting Art. 24, the article providing

Jochen Abr. Frowein

217

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws...AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Authority and Jurisdiction...Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal...

2011-04-01

218

Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, utilizing the responses of a nationally representative sample of State prisoners, together with homicide data assembled by law enforcement agencies, sheds new light on the most serious types of child abuse and victimization--those offenses fo...

L. A. Greenfeld

1996-01-01

219

The Correctional Orientation of "Child Savers": Support for Rehabilitation and Custody among Juvenile Correctional Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have explored levels and sources of support for rehabilitation and custody among correctional workers. However, the vast majority of this type of research has been conducted in adult facilities, and there are few existing studies that use samples of juvenile correctional workers. To help address this gap in the literature, we use a…

Blevins, Kristie R.; Cullen, Francis T.; Sundt, Jody L.

2007-01-01

220

34 CFR 300.604 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 300.604 Section 300.604 ...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Monitoring, Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...Monitoring, Technical Assistance, and Enforcement § 300.604 Enforcement....

2013-07-01

221

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

222

Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

Wood, James

2011-01-01

223

Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

2010-01-01

224

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

225

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

226

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

227

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

228

NOAA Office of Law Enforcement Cooperative Enforcement Program. Joint Enforcement Agreements. Program Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In March 2003, the US Department of Commerce, Office of the Inspector General (OIG) issued a report, No. IPE-15154/March 2003, and made specific recommendations regarding the Office for Law Enforcements (OLE) Cooperative Enforcement Program (CEP), and in ...

2007-01-01

229

Audit of the Drug Enforcement Administration's Aviation Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) aviation program plays a crucial role in the DEA's efforts to prevent the illicit trafficking of drugs into and within the United States. According to the DEA, aviation support significantly benefits DEA investi...

2011-01-01

230

Case for Criminal Enforcement of Federal Environmental Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is the purpose of this paper to provide appropriate legal and logical foundations to support the increase in the number of environmental cases resolved by criminal enforcement of federal statutes and to illustrate that because of its inherent simplicit...

L. D. Wynne

1989-01-01

231

Rome's German Frontier: Peace Enforcement Precursor or Paradigm.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph addresses whether current peace enforcement doctrine (the threat or use of force to compel compliance, in order to maintain or restore peace and support political settlement) is inclusive of historical (ancient) principles. By comparing the...

S. A. Whitehead

1995-01-01

232

Poor Dads Who Don't Pay Child Support: Deadbeats or Disadvantaged? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-30. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief uses 1997 National Survey of America's Families data to examine characteristics of poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support. Overall, poor fathers resemble poor mothers in educational levels and barriers to employment. Of the 2.5 million poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support, the two largest groups are…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

233

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

234

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

235

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment.

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

236

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics. A NIBRS Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, law enforcement and policymakers had few hard data on the child victims of sexual abuse, offenders, and other characteristics of these crimes on which to base a response. The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), capturing a wide range of information on each sexual assault incident reported to law enforcement, can…

Snyder, Howard N.

237

Going-to-scale with the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program: use of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) system to optimize fidelity, participation and child outcomes.  

PubMed

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L; August, Gerald J; Lee, Susanne S; Lee, Chih-Yuan S; Realmuto, George M; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2013-06-01

238

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-05-08

239

To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

Clifton P. Flynn

1998-01-01

240

The Quality of Spousal Social Support as a Moderator of the Associations Between Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment has been linked to a myriad of long-term difficulties, including trauma symptomatology. However, not all victims experience long-term distress. Thus, a burgeoning area of research focuses on factors that may impede or facilitate resiliency to the psychological correlates of child maltreatment. Specifically, the severity of the abusive acts may be associated with greater long-term difficulties. To date, however,

Sarah E Evans

2010-01-01

241

A Systematic Approach to Child Care Regulatory Review, Policy Evaluation and Planning To Promote Health and Safety of Children in Child Care: A Manual for State and Local Child Care and Maternal and Child Health Agency Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is written for state and local administrators and statewide child care and child health organizations looking for ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their child care regulatory review, rule-making process, and enforcement system. Data collection procedures and a review team process, state administrators can identify…

Griffin, Abbey; Fiene, Richard

242

Conservation Law Enforcement Program Standardization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate goal of standardization is to develop a safe and effective program that is recognized within the USAF, DoD, and by other Federal and state law enforcement agencies, and the general public. The objectives are to enhance enforcement and environ...

S. Rogers

2004-01-01

243

Videofile for Law Enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Components of a videotape storage and retrieval system originally developed for NASA have been adapted as a tool for law enforcement agencies. Ampex Corp., Redwood City, Cal., built a unique system for NASA-Marshall. The first application of professional broadcast technology to computerized record-keeping, it incorporates new equipment for transporting tapes within the system. After completing the NASA system, Ampex continued development, primarily to improve image resolution. The resulting advanced system, known as the Ampex Videofile, offers advantages over microfilm for filing, storing, retrieving, and distributing large volumes of information. The system's computer stores information in digital code rather than in pictorial form. While microfilm allows visual storage of whole documents, it requires a step before usage--developing the film. With Videofile, the actual document is recorded, complete with photos and graphic material, and a picture of the document is available instantly.

1977-01-01

244

Oversight and enforcement at DOE  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses recent changes to the independent oversight and enforcement programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and applications to criticality safety. DOE`s Office of Oversight (Oversight hereafter), in the Office of Environment, Safety, and Health (EH), independently evaluates whether management systems ensure adequate protection of the worker, public, and environment. Oversight has adopted a new approach to performing evaluations based on the guiding principles for safety management identified by the Secretary of Energy. The principles Oversight evaluates are line management responsibility for safety and health, comprehensive requirements, and competence commensurate with responsibilities. Recently, the DOE codified the implementation of integrated safety management, further expounding on these basic guiding principles and Oversight`s role. The Office of Enforcement and Investigations in EH (Enforcement hereafter) is responsible for enforcement, and relevant documents describe its role. This paper briefly discusses criticality safety aspects of the twin initiatives of Oversight and Enforcement.

Fergus, I.E., Christopher, R.K. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)

1996-12-31

245

Enforcing Alcohol Policies on College Campuses: Reports from College Enforcement Officials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed alcohol enforcement practices at 343 U.S. colleges via surveys of directors of campus law enforcement. We measured types and frequency of enforcement and barriers to enforcement. We found that 61% of colleges indicated nearly always proactively enforcing alcohol policies, with most frequent enforcement at intercollegiate sporting…

Toomey, Traci L.; Miazga, Mark J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Winters, Ken C.; Nelson, Toben F.

2011-01-01

246

78 FR 5838 - NRC Enforcement Policy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2013-0014] NRC Enforcement Policy AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Commission (NRC) is issuing a revision to its Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy) to incorporate changes...

2013-01-28

247

76 FR 54986 - NRC Enforcement Policy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Chapter I [NRC-2011-0209] NRC Enforcement Policy AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Proposed enforcement policy revision; request for comment...to assist the NRC in revising its Enforcement Policy. The NRC staff is...

2011-09-06

248

34 CFR 303.704 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 303.704 Section 303.704 Education...WITH DISABILITIES State Monitoring and Enforcement; Federal Monitoring and Enforcement; Reporting; and Allocation of Funds...

2013-07-01

249

76 FR 76192 - NRC Enforcement Policy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION [NRC-2011-0273] NRC Enforcement Policy AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Proposed enforcement policy revision; request for comment...proposed revisions to the NRC's Enforcement Policy (the Policy) and the...

2011-12-06

250

30 CFR 840.13 - Enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement authority. 840.13 Section...OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PERMANENT PROGRAM INSPECTION AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES STATE REGULATORY...

2013-07-01

251

77 FR 33786 - NRC Enforcement Policy Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2011-0176] NRC Enforcement Policy Revision AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...or Commission) is publishing revisions to its Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy) to address...

2012-06-07

252

76 FR 80846 - Definition of Enforcement Action  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 502 RIN 3141-AA43 Definition of Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming...regulations to include definitions for ``enforcement action''. The Indian Gaming Regulatory...them. Therefore, a definition of ``enforcement action'' is proposed in this...

2011-12-27

253

31 CFR 1010.810 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 1010.810 Section 1010.810...Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Penalties; and Forfeiture...

2013-07-01

254

34 CFR 303.708 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false State enforcement. 303.708 Section 303.708 Education...WITH DISABILITIES State Monitoring and Enforcement; Federal Monitoring and Enforcement; Reporting; and Allocation of Funds...

2013-07-01

255

77 FR 47513 - Definition of Enforcement Action  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission 25 CFR Part 502 Definition of Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming...definitions to add a definition of ``enforcement action.'' DATES: Effective Date...made to Part 573, a definition of ``enforcement action'' needed to be added to...

2012-08-09

256

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau of...publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

257

Videntifier™ forensic: a new law enforcement service for automatic identification of illegal video material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tracking down producers and distributors of offensive video material, in particular child pornography, has become an ever growing focus of the world's law enforcement agencies. We describe Videntifier Forensic, a new service which radically improves the forensic video identification process, by providing law enforcement agencies with a robust, fast and easy-to-use video identification system. Using this service, a single mouse-click

Herwig Lejsek; Ársæll Þ Jóhannsson; Friðrik H. Ásmundsson; Björn Þ Jónsson; Kristleifur Daðason; Laurent Amsaleg

2009-01-01

258

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

259

Child Protection and Justice Systems Processing of Serious Child Abuse and Neglect Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the trajectory of cases through four systems: child protection, law enforcement, the dependency courts, and the criminal courts. Method: This study focused on a county selected from a 41-county telephone survey conducted for the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-3). For this…

Sedlak, Andrea J.; Schultz, Dana; Wells, Susan J.; Lyons, Peter; Doueck, Howard J.; Gragg, Frances

2006-01-01

260

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

261

75 FR 62449 - Child Health Day, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8578 of October 4, 2010 Child Health Day, 2010 By the President of...safe and healthy environments. On Child Health Day, we reaffirm the critical...legislation, which supports maternal and child health programs and services across...

2010-10-12

262

77 FR 49849 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer-matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer- matching program that we are...

2012-08-17

263

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Application of an Empirically Supported Treatment to Maltreated Children in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health…

Timmer, Susan G.; Urquiza, Anthony J.; Herschell, Amy D.; McGrath, Jean M.; Zebell, Nancy M.; Porter, Alissa L.; Vargas, Eric C.

2006-01-01

264

Enforcement Project Management Handbook. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The handbook has been prepared as a basic reference and training manual to assist RPMs (Remedial Project Managers) and OSCs (On-Scene Coordinators) in planning, negotiating, and managing various enforcement actions.

Not Available

1991-01-01

265

EPA enforcement at a crossroads  

SciTech Connect

Environmental enforcement policy in the US is at a crossroads today, faced with a choice of two competing approaches for achieving the country's environmental goals. On the one hand is the federal government's current push to beef up enforcement of environmental laws by increasing the severity of criminal sanctions and general enforcement activities. On the other hand is the growing trend in many environmental regulations to incentivize voluntary compliance by encouraging pollution prevention and self-auditing. Although these two approaches are not inherently incompatible, there is growing concern that the government's current emphasis on criminal enforcement may severely undermine the goal of voluntary compliance by creating an overly adversarial relationship between government and industry and by placing corporate managers at risk of incurring personal liability when they attempt to ferret out environmental compliance problems.

Humphreys, S.L. (Kelley Drye and Warren, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-10-15

266

Supervising Child Protective Services Caseworkers. The User Manual Series.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act was signed into law in 1974. Since that time, the Federal Government has served as a catalyst to mobilize society's social service, mental health, medical, education, legal, and law enforcement resources to add...

T. D. Morton M. K. Salus

1994-01-01

267

Practical Domain and Type Enforcement for UNIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Type enforcement is a table-oriented mandatory access control mechanism well-suited for confining applications and restricting information flows. Although both flexible and strong, type enforcement alone imposes significant administrative costs and has not been widely adopted. Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) is an enhanced version of type enforcement designed to provide needed simplicity and compatibility. Two primary techniques distinguish DTE from

Lee Badger; Daniel F. Sterne; David L. Sherman; Kenneth M. Walker; Sheila A. Haghighat

1995-01-01

268

CERCLA enforcement-policy compendium update  

SciTech Connect

The compendium is a compilation of documents originated by the Office of Waste Programs Enforcement, CERCLA Enforcement Division. Documents contained in the 1992 compendium were issued after August 14, 1990 and are related to CERCLA Enforcement. The compendium also consists of documents originated by the Office of Enforcement and Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.

Not Available

1992-09-01

269

29 CFR 503.15 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 503.15 Section 503.15 Labor...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY NONIMMIGRANT...THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Enforcement § 503.15 Enforcement....

2013-07-01

270

29 CFR 501.15 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 501.15 Section 501.15 Labor...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY...THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Enforcement § 501.15 Enforcement....

2013-07-01

271

Sex bias in child therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggests child therapy as an additional area for studying sexual bias in actual therapeutic practice, in response to recommendations by P. A. Maffeo . Data on 477 children seen in therapy support the need for child studies.

Edda I. Schweid

1980-01-01

272

Child Sexual Abuse Victims' Perception of Paternal Support as a Significant Predictor of Coping Style and Global Self-Worth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the difference between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) victims and non-victims on measures of perceived social support, coping strategies, and global self-worth. Victims were more likely to report lower maternal support than non-victims of CSA. Results indicate that paternal support and coping strategies may be important for later…

Guelzow, Jennifer W.; Cornett, Patricia F.; Dougherty, Thomas M.

2002-01-01

273

Hov lane enforcement evaluation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study evaluated various high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane enforcement techniques on a recently constructed section of HOV lanes along I-405 in the Seattle, Washington, area. The research included a related public opinion survey concerning HOV lanes. The enforcement techniques that were evaluated included intensive (or continuous saturation) enforcement, once a week saturation enforcement, and once a week stationary enforcement. The study concluded that each type of enforcement effort helped in lowering the number of HOV lane violations; however, it was not possible to determine which method was most effective. Violations decreased considerably during the first weeks of enforcement, regardless of the type of enforcement. The research team recommends intensive enforcement only for the first three months (or less) of the operation of a new HOV facility. After that point, the level of effort should revert to routine enforcement. The study also makes recommendations concerning the design of HOV lanes related to enforcement issues. Specifically, enforcement areas alongside HOV lanes must be designed in cooperation with the appropriate enforcement agency. Two types of enforcement areas along freeways are suggested.

Jacobson, E.L.

1993-01-01

274

Every Child, Every Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We know more now than we ever did before about how to make every child a successful reader, write Allington and Gabriel in this research review. Yet, few students regularly receive the best reading instruction we know how to give. The authors present research supporting their recommendation that every child, every day, should (1) read something he…

Allington, Richard L.; Gabriel, Rachael E.

2012-01-01

275

Innovative telecommunications for law enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operation of computer-aided dispatch, mobile digital communications, and automatic vehicle location systems used in law enforcement is discussed, and characteristics of systems used by different agencies are compared. With reference to computer-aided dispatch systems, the data base components, dispatcher work load, extent of usage, and design trends are surveyed. The capabilities, levels of communication, and traffic load of mobile digital communications systems are examined. Different automatic vehicle location systems are distinguished, and two systems are evaluated. Other aspects of the application of innovative technology to operational command, control, and communications systems for law enforcement agencies are described.

Sohn, R. L.

1976-01-01

276

Information enforcement and learning with interactive graphical systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes two studies which assess the benefit of using the specificity principle as a criterion for choosing between alternative graphical representations in teaching and learning. The specificity principle was interpreted as a metric called the information enforcement metric. This is simply a ratio between the total number of states a representational system can support and the number of

Mike Dobson

1999-01-01

277

New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and

Nicholas C. Currie; David D. Ferris; Robert W. McMillan; Michael C. Wicks

1997-01-01

278

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

279

Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives  

PubMed Central

Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition.

Soderberg, Siv; Skar, Lisa

2014-01-01

280

The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

1999-01-01

281

41 CFR 60-50.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part are subject to the general enforcement,...

2013-07-01

282

Sacramento, California Selective Traffic Enforcement Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents an evaluation of the Sacramento, California Selective Traffic Enforcement Program. The Sacramento STEP involved seven different experiments. The most significant was enforcement for driving under the influence (DUI) which was a continu...

F. Brazil T. McEwen

1976-01-01

283

29 CFR 1626.15 - Commission enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Commission enforcement. 1626.15 Section 1626.15 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.15 Commission enforcement. (a) As...

2013-07-01

284

50 CFR 600.740 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS General Provisions for...Enforcement policy. (a) The Magnuson-Stevens Act provides four basic enforcement...equitably the provisions of the Magnuson-Stevens Act by utilizing that form or...

2013-10-01

285

78 FR 4323 - Compliance and Enforcement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to review by the Office of Management and Budget. List of Subjects in 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement, Enforcement actions, Gambling, Gaming, Indians, Indian gaming. Text of the Rules For the reasons discussed in the Preamble, the Commission...

2013-01-22

286

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

287

23 CFR 950.9 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement. 950.9 Section 950.9 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION § 950.9 Enforcement. (a) The tolling...

2013-04-01

288

28 CFR 0.157 - Drug Enforcement  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation - Drug Enforcement] 28 JUDICIAL...157 Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT... Sec. 0.157 Federal Bureau of Investigation--Drug Enforcement...

2009-07-01

289

Internet subcultures and pathways to the use of child pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

With continual advances in Internet capability the child pornography market is experiencing a boom in demand and supply. Attempts to reduce the market challenge legislators, law enforcement agencies, practitioners and researchers alike – due in large part to the decentralised and global nature of the Internet. Much research has focused on frequent users of child pornography and whether such behaviour

Jeremy Prichard; Paul A. Watters; Caroline Spiranovic

290

The Law of Child Abuse and Neglect in Connecticut  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is designed as a handbook for lawyers who represent clients in child-protection matters, as well as social workers, teachers, mental health professionals, physicians, nurses, law enforcement officers, and other professionals who work with abused and neglected children and their families. The book is organized according to the actual sequence of events followed in most cases involving suspected child

Paul Chill

1997-01-01

291

Web-Based eHealth to Support Counseling in Routine Well-Child Care: Pilot Study of E-health4Uth Home Safety  

PubMed Central

Background Providing safety education to parents of young children is important in the prevention of unintentional injuries in or around the home. We developed a Web-based, tailored safety advice module to support face-to-face counseling in the setting of preventive youth health care (E-health4Uth home safety) in order to improve the provision of safety information for parents of young children. Objective This pilot study evaluated a Web-based, tailored safety advice module (E-health4Uth home safety) and evaluated the use of E-health4Uth home safety to support counseling in routine well-child care visits. Methods From a preventive youth health care center, 312 parents with a child aged 10-31 months were assigned to the E-health4Uth home safety condition or to the care-as-usual condition (provision of a generic safety information leaflet). All parents completed a questionnaire either via the Internet or paper-and-pencil, and parents in the E-health4Uth condition received tailored home safety advice either online or by a print that was mailed to their home. This tailored home safety advice was used to discuss the safety of their home during the next scheduled well-child visit. Parents in the care-as-usual condition received a generic safety information leaflet during the well-child visit. Results Mean age of the parents was 32.5 years (SD 5.4), 87.8% (274/312) of participants were mothers; mean age of the children was 16.9 months (SD 5.1). In the E-health4Uth condition, 38.4% (61/159) completed the online version of the questionnaire (allowing Web-based tailored safety advice), 61.6% (98/159) preferred to complete the questionnaire via paper (allowing only a hardcopy of the advice to be sent by regular mail). Parents in the E-health4Uth condition evaluated the Web-based, tailored safety advice (n=61) as easy to use (mean 4.5, SD 0.7), pleasant (mean 4.0, SD 0.9), reliable (mean 4.6, SD 0.6), understandable (mean 4.6, SD 0.5), relevant (mean 4.2, SD 0.9), and useful (mean 4.3, SD 0.8). After the well-child visit, no significant differences were found between the E-health4Uth condition and care-as-usual condition with regard to the satisfaction with the information received (n=61, P=.51). Health care professionals (n=43) rated the tailored safety advice as adequate (mean 4.0, SD 0.4) and useful (mean 3.9, SD 0.4). Conclusions Less than half of the parents accepted the invitation to complete a Web-based questionnaire to receive online tailored safety advice prior to a face-to-face consultation. Despite wide access to the Internet, most parents preferred to complete questionnaires using paper-and-pencil. In the subgroup that completed E-health4Uth home safety online, evaluations of E-health4Uth home safety were positive. However, satisfaction scores with regard to tailored safety advice were not different from those with regard to generic safety information leaflets.

Vogel, Ineke; Beirens, Tinneke Monique Jozef; Kloek, Gitte Caroline; den Hertog, Paul; van der Veen, Monique Desiree; Raat, Hein

2013-01-01

292

Type enforcement: the new security model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many modern operating systems and applications focus on functionality not security. Type enforcement is a mechanism that when properly implemented in the operating system can combine high security and functionality. The paper describes how type enforcement can be used to achieve both of these important requirements. The paper also describes a specific implementation of type enforcement, the Sidewinder Internet firewall.

Thomsen, Dan

1996-01-01

293

The economics of enforcing air pollution controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The likely effects of alternative implementation and enforcement policies available to control agencies on the control of industrial air pollution are examined from an economic point of view. Policy alternatives studied include legal enforcement through the new source performance standards set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency and two effluent fee enforcement policies. A generalized model of the effects of

Paul B. Downing; William Watson Jr.

1974-01-01

294

30 CFR 903.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Federal enforcement. 903.843 Section 903.843 ...OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS...STATE ARIZONA § 903.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...

2013-07-01

295

29 CFR 502.15 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement. 502.15 Section 502.15 Labor...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY...NATIONALITY ACT (SUSPENDED 6-29-2009) Enforcement of Work Contracts § 502.15...

2013-07-01

296

4 CFR 28.50 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Enforcement. 28.50 Section 28.50 Accounts...Procedures Subpoenas § 28.50 Enforcement. If a person has been served...compliance may file a written motion for enforcement with the administrative judge or...

2011-01-01

297

30 CFR 912.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Federal enforcement. 912.843 Section 912.843 ...OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS...STATE IDAHO § 912.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...

2013-07-01

298

30 CFR 922.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Federal enforcement. 922.843 Section 922.843 ...OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS...STATE MICHIGAN § 922.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...

2013-07-01

299

30 CFR 921.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Federal enforcement. 921.843 Section 921.843 ...OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS...MASSACHUSETTS § 921.843 Federal enforcement. (a) Part 843 of this...

2013-07-01

300

25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Enforcement. 173.3 Section 173.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all...

2011-04-01

301

Guide to removal enforcement. Fact sheet  

SciTech Connect

The fact sheet summarizes a Superfund Removal Procedures volume entitled 'Removal Enforcement Guidance for On-Scene Coordinators' describing the essential components of the removal enforcement process along with recent Agency enforcement initiatives stemming from the Management Review of the Superfund Program (the '90-Day Study').

Not Available

1992-07-01

302

Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

2001-12-01

303

Rural Workforce Development and Staff Support: Remodelling Service Provision for Early Intervention in Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Through professional workforce development, focused clinical placements and local consultation this innovative project aimed to develop and evaluate a best practice staff-support model by strengthening a rural—urban partnership.To sustain the impact of the program, the project incorporated multilevel interventions (developing strategic partnerships and providing support to all levels of staff from management to front-line) and included multiple components (engaging

Nick Kowalenko; Warren Bartik; Kathy Whitefield; Ann Wignall

2003-01-01

304

Child Sexual Abuse Victims' Perception of Paternal Support as a Significant Predictor of Coping Style and Global Self-Worth  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred eighty-eight female participants (44 victims and 144 non-victims of CAS) from a 4-year university were recruited. The first objective examined the difference between victims and non-victims on measures of perceived social support, coping strategies, and global self-worth. Victims were more likely to report lower maternal support than non-victims of CSA. Additionally, victims who were perpetrated by a family

Jennifer W. Guelzow; Patricia F. Cornett; Thomas M. Dougherty

2003-01-01

305

Enforcing the pause  

PubMed Central

The transition of paused RNA polymerase II into productive elongation is a highly dynamic process that serves to fine-tune gene expression in response to changing cellular environments. We have recently reported that the transcription factor Sp3 inhibits the transition of paused RNA Pol II to productive elongation at the promoter of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21CIP1 and other Sp3-repressed genes. Our studies support the view that Sp3 has three modes of action: activation, SUMO-Sp3-mediated heterochromatin silencing and SUMO-independent inhibition of elongation. At the p21CIP1 promoter, binding of the positive elongation factor P-TEFb kinase was not affected by Sp3. In contrast, Sp3 promoted binding of the protein phosphatase PP1 to the p21CIP1 promoter, suggesting that Sp3-dependent regulation of the local balance between kinase and phosphatase activities may contribute to gene expression. Our findings show that the transition of paused RNA Pol II to productive elongation is an important step regulated by both promoter-specific activators and repressors to finely modulate mRNA expression levels.

Valin, Alvaro; Gill, Grace

2013-01-01

306

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it... LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62 Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for...

2011-04-01

307

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

308

17 CFR 200.19b - Director of the Division of Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...arising out of such enforcement activities and determines the sufficiency of evidence to support the allegations in any proposed complaint. The Director supervises the Regional Directors and, in collaboration with the General Counsel, reviews...

2010-04-01

309

Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

Office of Child Care, 2011

2011-01-01

310

Child Pornography Law: Does it Protect Children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the ways in which the legal system attempts, through actual legislation and a graded sentencing policy, to control child pornography. The motives for legislating in this area are discussed through looking at parliamentary, ministerial and judicial comments before the article offers some analysis of the discrepancies between intentions and realities. Finally, some issues concerning effective enforcement are

Katherine S. Williams

2004-01-01

311

Building Communities of Support around a Child with Special Education Needs: The Effects of Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a period of a year, formal and informal interactions among members of the community around a four-year-old girl with special education needs were focused through participatory action research (PAR). The team included parents, kindergarten teachers, an education support worker, speech-language therapist, early intervention teacher and…

Lamb, Judy

2008-01-01

312

Transactional Associations Among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of externalizing behavior, sociometric “liked most” and “liked least” nominations, and teacher

Geertje Leflot; Pol A. C. van Lier; Karine Verschueren; Patrick Onghena; Hilde Colpin

2011-01-01

313

Parental Distress, Family Conflict, and Role of Social Support for Caregivers with or without a Child with Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated perceived psychological distress and family conflict from the perspective of caregivers of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and matched comparison caregivers, as well as the role of social support. No significant differences between primary caregivers of children with SCD and comparison caregivers were found on self-reported psychological distress or family conflict. Distress in primary caregivers was

Robert B. Noll; Kathryn Vannatta; Karen A. Kalinyak; Eleanor Swiecki; Maria Garstein; W. Hobart Davies; William M. Bukowski

1994-01-01

314

Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

315

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

2011-01-01

316

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

317

Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

2011-01-01

318

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than ... or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a ...

319

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

320

Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

321

Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program.

2012-01-01

322

Solid organ donation in a child after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, orthotopic heart transplantation, and ventricular assist device support.  

PubMed

Use of high-risk or marginal donors is the most viable short-term means to boost the organ supply and bridge the widening gap between the number of patients on the waiting list for organ transplantation and the insufficient numbers of organ donors. Expansion of the donor pool requires an understanding of the impact on survival likely to result from extending one or more high risk factors. Use of extended donor pool results in shorter waiting list times and limits the morbidity and mortality associated with long-term mechanical support needed to support diseased organs. In this report, we present one such example of expanding donor pool in which a pediatric patient donated a solid organ after two heart transplants and successful use of ECMO and VAD. PMID:22594304

Gupta, Punkaj; Blanco, Carlos; Madigan, Melissa; Dodgen, Andrew; Hanson, Mari; Frazier, Elizabeth A; Bhutta, Adnan T; Fiser, William P

2012-12-01

323

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

324

77 FR 64819 - New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provision of law enforcement officers (LEOs) to support airport security checkpoint screening. DATES: Send your comments...the provision of LEOs in support of screening at airport security checkpoints. Consistent with this authority,...

2012-10-23

325

Identifying and Managing Stress in Child Pornography and Child Exploitation Investigators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, law enforcement personnel have increasingly been tasked to police the internet in an effort to staunch\\u000a the production and distribution of child pornography and to investigate computer-facilitated child exploitation. These investigative\\u000a personnel have encountered a range of assignment-specific challenges and strains as a result of their involvement in this\\u000a taxing and novel investigative activity. In some

Meredith Krause

2009-01-01

326

Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support  

PubMed Central

The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs.

Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

2014-01-01

327

Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While some of theses capabilities are available at local crime laboratories, state-of-the-art equipment and breakthroughs in analytical techniques are continually being developed at DOE laboratories. Extensive experience with the handling of radioactive samples at the DOE labs minimizes the chances of cross-contamination of evidence received from law enforcement. In addition to high-sensitivity analyses, many of the field techniques developed for use in a nuclear facility can assist law enforcement personnel in detecting illicit materials and operations, in retrieving of pertinent evidence and in surveying crime scenes. Some of these tools include chemical sniffers, hand-held detectors, thermal imaging, etc. In addition, mobile laboratories can be deployed to a crime scene to provide field screening of potential evidence. A variety of portable sensors can be deployed on vehicle, aerial, surface or submersible platforms to assist in the location of pertinent evidence or illicit operations. Several specific nuclear technologies available to law enforcement and their potential uses are discussed.

Hofstetter, K.J.

2000-03-29

328

Uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For over 18 years, Texas Instruments (TI) has been developing low cost uncooled thermal imaging technology for night vision applications. Using technology developed with support from several government agencies, TI is offering this dual-use technology in a low cost system for police cruisers and other surveillance applications. TI has teamed with Highes Aircraft to provide NIGHTSIGHTTM, now being marketed jointly. Because NIGHSIGHT is a passive thermal image, it gives law enforcement officers the ability to see in total darkness. This capability gives the uncooled system distinct advantages over image intensifiers which require some degree of visible light. It also differs from typical cryogenic or cooled IR systems because it does not contain a cryogenic cooler mechanism or a scanner which lowers the complexity, costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Police across the US have tested prototype sensors with positive results. Police officers often praise the ability to see in total darkness and report the many advantages of the system and how it changes their perspective on law enforcement. Systems have also been provided to the Drug Enforcement Agency, INS border patrol, prison security staff, Baltimore-Washington International Airport security, Texas Parks and Wildlife Service and the Los Angeles Harbor Patrol and have been used in a variety of security and surveillance situations. The paper will address the implementation of the technology; discuss barriers to use such as cost, awareness, and system understanding, and examine the impact of the technology on the effectiveness of law enforcement at night.

Kyle, Robert J. S.; Van Dover, Douglas K.

1995-05-01

329

Child labor still with us after all these years.  

PubMed Central

Child labor is a major threat to the health of children in the United States. The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that more than four million children are legally employed and that another one to two million are employed under illegal, often exploitative conditions. Across the United States, child labor accounts for 20,000 workers compensation claims, 200,000 injuries, thousands of cases of permanent disability, and more than 70 deaths each year. Agriculture and newspaper delivery are the two most hazardous areas of employment for children and adolescents. Poverty, massive immigration, and relaxation in enforcement of Federal child labor law are the three factors principally responsible for the last two decades' resurgence of child labor in the United States. Control of the hazards of child labor will require a combination of strategies including vigorous enforcement, education, and public health surveillance. Images p466-a p467-a p468-a

Landrigan, P J; McCammon, J B

1997-01-01

330

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the enforcement of our nation's immigration laws has received a significant amount of attention. Some observers contend that the federal government does not have adequate resources to enforce immigration law...

K. Ester L. M. Seghetti S. R. Vina

2004-01-01

331

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes.

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean Francois; Taziwa, Fabian; Vinoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

332

CHILD POVERTY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This briefing provides an overview of child poverty in Scotland. The different methods of measuring child poverty are outlined, and figures are provided on the numbers of children living in poverty in Scotland. The causes and effects of child poverty, and the policy responses from the Scottish and UK governments, are discussed. The briefing also highlights some of the recent

SIMON WAKEFIELD

333

Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective management of international environmental resources requires cooperation, and in practice cooperation is usually codified in international environmental agreements (IEAs). The essential feature of IEAs is that they cannot be enforced by a third party. This paper explores the properties of self-enforcing IEAs using two models. In one, the number of signatories, the terms of the agreement, and the actions

Scott Barrett

1994-01-01

334

Enforcement and Compliance with Labor Regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author empirically analyzes the effect of government enforcement on compliance with labor regulations in Argentina, a country where only half of the workforce receives all the benefits to which they are legally entitled. Constructing a panel data set of the period 1995–2002 across provinces and using the number of labor inspectors per capita as a proxy for enforcement, he

Lucas Ronconi

2008-01-01

335

Law Enforcement School Programs. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school shooting incidents during the decade of the 1990's prompted an increase of law enforcement presence in schools. The School Violence Resource Center (SVRC) at the Criminal Justice Institute (CJI) University of Arkansas System undertook a project to determine what programs law enforcement agencies currently provide in their local schools…

Arkansas Safe Schools Initiative Division, 2010

2010-01-01

336

Peace enforcement vs non?violent intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the term “peace enforcement” is a 20th century innovation, its origins date from at least Ancient Greece. Peace enforcement constitutes a logical corollary of the concept of collective security, where states agree to share responsibility for restraining nations that practice military aggression against members of the system, and thus threaten regional or international “peace and security.” In other words,

Michael Salla

1996-01-01

337

National law enforcement telecommunications network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Alternative approaches are analyzed to a National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Network (NALECOM) designed to service all state-to-state and state-to-national criminal justice communications traffic needs in the United States. Network topology options were analyzed, and equipment and personnel requirements for each option were defined in accordance with NALECOM functional specifications and design guidelines. Evaluation criteria were developed and applied to each of the options leading to specific conclusions. Detailed treatments of methods for determining traffic requirements, communication line costs, switcher configurations and costs, microwave costs, satellite system configurations and costs, facilities, operations and engineering costs, network delay analysis and network availability analysis are presented. It is concluded that a single regional switcher configuration is the optimum choice based on cost and technical factors. A two-region configuration is competitive. Multiple-region configurations are less competitive due to increasing costs without attending benefits.

Reilly, N. B.; Garrison, G. W.; Sohn, R. L.; Gallop, D. L.; Goldstein, B. L.

1975-01-01

338

159 Mother-Child Discourse Surrounding a Child’s Past Behavior at 30 Months: Links to Emotional Understanding and Early Conscience Development at 36 Months  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research supports the idea that both the content and style of mother-child discourse is important in shaping a child’s early moral understanding. This study was designed to further this research by examining how the clarity, elaborativeness, and emotional content of conversations about the past related to a child’s sociomoral development. Sixty-three mother-child dyads took part in the study. When

Deborah J. Laible

2004-01-01

339

General statement of policy and procedures for NRC enforcement actions: Enforcement policy. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document includes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s or Commission`s) revised General Statement of Policy and Procedure for Enforcement Actions (Enforcement Policy) as it was published in the Federal Register on May 13, 1998 (63 ER 26630). The Enforcement Policy is a general statement of policy explaining the NRC`s policies and procedures in initiating enforcement actions, and of the presiding officers and the Commission in reviewing these actions. This policy statement is applicable to enforcement matters involving the radiological health and safety of the public, including employees` health and safety, the common defense and security, and the environment.

NONE

1998-05-01

340

Protecting the child.  

PubMed

The 1991 African charter and the 1990 UN convention on the rights of the child have had an impact on efforts by Nigeria to legally protect the welfare of children. The African Charter and the international community are particularly concerned about legally protecting the best interests of children accused or found guilty of breaking the law: recognizing a legal age of responsibility for infringements of the penal code, separating a child, deprived of liberty from imprisoned adults when it is in the child's interests, and applying separate laws, procedures, authorities, and institutions for children. The African charter also seeks to shield children from environmental adversity and exploitation in employment or jobs that interfere with health and formal education. It is illegal to use children for begging, to abduct children, or to traffic in the sale of children by any person, including parents or legal guardians. Children are to be protected from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse in prostitution, pornographic activities, and coercion to perform sexual acts. Declines in infant mortality, elimination of diseases and malnutrition, and provision of education, particularly for female children and the gifted and the disadvantaged, are recommended. Pregnant adolescents should have access to education during and after the pregnancy. Protection is also sought from narcotic drug production, use, and trafficking, child marriage, and child abuse and torture, and participation in armed conflicts. Children are to be protected upon dissolution of marriage and in adoption. Children need to be assured the right to play and recreation. Nigeria has taken steps to implement fully the provisions of the convention, and to integrate the provisions within the existing Children and Young Persons Laws. The provisions will be integrated by the Department of Social Welfare of the Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services. More punitive enforcement measures will be included in the new legislation. A national committee was established to oversee the process of implementation. While legislation is pending, a Nigerian Trust Fund to ensure the welfare of the Nigerian child has been set up and will be operating soon. The Federal Ministry of Health has since 1987 been active in primary health care and child survival efforts. PMID:12318617

Okwudili, O

1993-01-01

341

Nurturing a child's spirituality.  

PubMed

Nurturing a child's spirituality should be an integral part of holistic care. The concept of spirituality is linked to the child's cognitive, social, psycho-sexual and moral development. Knowledge of childhood spirituality can help to support children coping with traumatic life-events. The expression of beliefs and feelings that encompass spirituality can be facilitated through literature and music and through other strategies. Educators need to empower professionals to have the awareness, emotional resources and skills to ensure that they can be spiritually supportive PMID:11855469

Pfund, R

2000-01-01

342

Enforcement four-year strategic plan: Enhanced environmental enforcement for the 1990's  

SciTech Connect

A strong enforcement program is one of the highest priorities for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Aggressive enforcement is the key to effective EPA, State, local and international programs and a clean environment. As the regulatory responsibilities grow, EPA must maintain an enforcement program that will protect human health and the environment, as well as promote pollution prevention and waste minimization on the part of the regulated community. As part of the Agency-wide strategic planning process, EPA directed the Office of Enforcement to develop a comprehensive enforcement plan with both media-specific (i.e., air, water, toxics, etc.) and cross-media components. The Enforcement Four-Year Strategic Plan outlines the capabilities which will be needed to enhance enforcement efforts for the future. Several are now being implemented on a pilot basis, while others will be fully developed over the next several years.

Not Available

1991-02-01

343

45 CFR 309.80 - What safeguarding procedures must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...party against whom a protective order with respect...

2013-10-01

344

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

345

36 CFR 905.737-102 - Enforcement proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Enforcement proceedings. 905.737-102 Section 905.737-102 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-102 Enforcement proceedings. (a)...

2009-07-01

346

36 CFR 905.737-102 - Enforcement proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Enforcement proceedings. 905.737-102 Section 905.737-102 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-102 Enforcement proceedings. (a)...

2013-07-01

347

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

348

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

349

34 CFR 303.700 - State monitoring and enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false State monitoring and enforcement. 303.700 Section 303.700 Education...WITH DISABILITIES State Monitoring and Enforcement; Federal Monitoring and Enforcement; Reporting; and Allocation of Funds...

2013-07-01

350

29 CFR 1952.382 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.382 Section 1952...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Puerto Rico § 1952.382 Level of Federal enforcement. Pursuant to §...

2013-07-01

351

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150.221 Section 150.221 ...RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS CMS Enforcement Processes for Determining Whether...

2013-10-01

352

40 CFR 35.6145 - Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements. 35.6145...Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Enforcement Cooperative Agreements § 35.6145 Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements....

2013-07-01

353

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2013-07-01

354

25 CFR 141.11 - Tribal fees, taxes, and enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Tribal fees, taxes, and enforcement. 141.11 Section 141.11 Indians...141.11 Tribal fees, taxes, and enforcement. (a) The regulations in this...may be construed to preclude tribal enforcement of these regulations or consistent...

2011-04-01

355

29 CFR 1952.172 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.172 Section 1952...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS California § 1952.172 Level of Federal enforcement. (a) Pursuant...

2013-07-01

356

41 CFR 60-1.26 - Enforcement proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement proceedings. 60-1.26 Section...CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS General Enforcement; Compliance Review and Complaint Procedure § 60-1.26 Enforcement proceedings. (a)...

2013-07-01

357

29 CFR 1952.365 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.365 Section 1952...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS New Mexico § 1952.365 Level of Federal enforcement. (a) Pursuant...

2013-07-01

358

32 CFR 637.7 - Drug enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Drug enforcement activities. 637.7 Section 637...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MILITARY... Investigations § 637.7 Drug enforcement activities. Provost marshals...

2013-07-01

359

78 FR 44165 - Nuclear Regulatory Commission Enforcement Policy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2013-0159] Nuclear Regulatory Commission Enforcement Policy AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Enforcement policy; request for comment...relating to a potential revision to the Enforcement Policy regarding issuance of...

2013-07-23

360

29 CFR 1952.122 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.122 Section 1952...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Washington § 1952.122 Level of Federal enforcement. (a) Pursuant...

2013-07-01

361

25 CFR 11.1003 - Law enforcement officer's duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Law enforcement officer's duties. 11.1003 Section...Juvenile Offender Procedure § 11.1003 Law enforcement officer's duties. A law enforcement officer who takes a minor into custody...

2011-04-01

362

32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section 634...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR...Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a) Traffic...

2013-07-01

363

22 CFR 1428.2 - Petitions for enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2009-04-01 true Petitions for enforcement. 1428.2 Section 1428.2 Foreign...FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY ENFORCEMENT OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY STANDARDS OF...ORDERS § 1428.2 Petitions for enforcement. (a) The Assistant...

2013-04-01

364

40 CFR 233.41 - Requirements for enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Requirements for enforcement authority. 233.41 Section 233...REGULATIONS Compliance Evaluation and Enforcement § 233.41 Requirements for enforcement authority. (a) Any State agency...

2013-07-01

365

29 CFR 1952.244 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.244 Section 1952.244...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Alaska § 1952.244 Level of Federal enforcement. (a) As a...

2013-07-01

366

34 CFR 300.600 - State monitoring and enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false State monitoring and enforcement. 300.600 Section 300.600 ...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Monitoring, Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information...Monitoring, Technical Assistance, and Enforcement § 300.600 State monitoring...

2013-07-01

367

30 CFR 843.22 - Enforcement actions at abandoned sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement actions at abandoned sites. 843...OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PERMANENT PROGRAM INSPECTION AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES FEDERAL...

2013-07-01

368

29 CFR 1614.503 - Enforcement of final Commission decisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Enforcement of final Commission decisions. 1614.503...EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY Remedies and Enforcement § 1614.503 Enforcement of final Commission decisions. (a)...

2013-07-01

369

29 CFR 1952.365 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.365 Section 1952...CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS New Mexico § 1952.365 Level of Federal enforcement. (a) Pursuant...

2009-07-01

370

49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section... § 1542.219 Supplementing law enforcement personnel. (a) When...qualified State, local, and private law enforcement personnel are...

2013-10-01

371

32 CFR 806b.8 - Obtaining law enforcement records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Obtaining law enforcement records. 806b.8 Section...PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Obtaining Law Enforcement Records and Confidentiality Promises § 806b.8 Obtaining law enforcement records. The...

2013-07-01

372

45 CFR 164.412 - Law enforcement delay.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement delay. 164.412 Section 164.412 ...Protected Health Information § 164.412 Law enforcement delay. If a law enforcement official states to a covered entity...

2013-10-01

373

32 CFR 634.33 - Training of law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Training of law enforcement personnel. 634.33 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Supervision § 634.33 Training of law enforcement personnel. (a) As a...

2013-07-01

374

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422.3 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION...PROJECTS § 422.3 Reclamation law enforcement policy. The law...

2010-10-01

375

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2009-07-01

376

50 CFR 404.8 - Emergencies and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Emergencies and law enforcement activities. 404.8 Section... § 404.8 Emergencies and law enforcement activities. The prohibitions...or to activities necessary for law enforcement...

2013-10-01

377

50 CFR 10.22 - Law enforcement offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement offices. 10.22 Section 10.22...GENERAL PROVISIONS Addresses § 10.22 Law enforcement offices. (a) Service law enforcement offices are located in Service...

2013-10-01

378

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422.3 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION...PROJECTS § 422.3 Reclamation law enforcement policy. The law...

2009-10-01

379

28 CFR 29.5 - Notification of law enforcement officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Notification of law enforcement officials. 29.5 Section... § 29.5 Notification of law enforcement officials. In addition...reasonable steps to ensure that law enforcement officials under its...

2013-07-01

380

49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section... Operations § 1546.211 Law enforcement personnel. (a) At airports...b), or (c), provide for law enforcement officers meeting the...

2013-10-01

381

49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section... Operations § 1544.217 Law enforcement personnel. (a) The following...aircraft operator must provide for law enforcement personnel meeting the...

2013-10-01

382

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2010-07-01

383

36 CFR 1270.50 - Consultation with law enforcement agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Consultation with law enforcement agencies. 1270.50 Section...Presidential Records Compiled for Law Enforcement Purposes § 1270.50 Consultation with law enforcement agencies. (a) For the...

2013-07-01

384

49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section... Operations § 1542.217 Law enforcement personnel. (a) Each airport operator must ensure that law enforcement personnel used to meet the...

2013-10-01

385

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries.

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

386

Marital Transitions: A Child's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on children's perspective of their parents' divorce and remarriage. Long-time effects are related more to the child's developmental status, sex, and temperament, the qualities of the home and parenting environment, and the resources and support systems available to the parents and child than they are to divorce or remarriage per…

Hetherington, E. Mavis; And Others

1989-01-01

387

Children's norm enforcement in their interactions with peers.  

PubMed

This study investigates how children negotiate social norms with peers. In Study 1, 48 pairs of 3- and 5-year-olds (N = 96) and in Study 2, 48 pairs of 5- and 7-year-olds (N = 96) were presented with sorting tasks with conflicting instructions (one child by color, the other by shape) or identical instructions. Three-year-olds differed from older children: They were less selective for the contexts in which they enforced norms, and they (as well as the older children to a lesser extent) used grammatical constructions objectifying the norms ("It works like this" rather than "You must do it like this"). These results suggested that children's understanding of social norms becomes more flexible during the preschool years. PMID:24138135

Köymen, Bahar; Lieven, Elena; Engemann, Denis A; Rakoczy, Hannes; Warneken, Felix; Tomasello, Michael

2014-01-01

388

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

389

The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. Workers who compete with children in the labor market support a child labor ban, unless their own working children provide a large fraction of family income. Fertility decisions lock agents into specific political preferences, and multiple steady states can arise. The introduction of child labor laws can be

Matthias Doepke; Fabrizio Zilibotti

2005-01-01

390

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

391

Legal and Social Service Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: A Primer and Discussion of Relevant Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a broad overview of legal and social service responses to child sexual abuse, the overarching legal framework provided by federal legislation, and funding mandates and the unique and shared investigative concerns of law enforcement and child protective service entities. Relevant psychological research is highlighted throughout, including research on investigator training, forensic interviewing techniques, children's suggestibility, jurors' perceptions

Tisha R. A. Wiley

2009-01-01

392

Overview of the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse: Update 2000. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to requests from law enforcement professionals for guidelines on investigating child abuse and neglect, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention developed the Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse series. This document is a synposis of each Portable Guide and provides annotated bibliographies of the series. The…

McNaughton, Janet

393

Legal and Social Service Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: A Primer and Discussion of Relevant Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a broad overview of legal and social service responses to child sexual abuse, the overarching legal framework provided by federal legislation, and funding mandates and the unique and shared investigative concerns of law enforcement and child protective service entities. Relevant psychological research is highlighted throughout,…

Wiley, Tisha R. A.

2009-01-01

394

Dateline Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Clinton administration's budget decisions concerning Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant; the Children's Defense Fund's support of Clinton administration policies; cuts in United Way aid to local charities; and the ineligibility of a center at which Bible stories are read to receive a Small Business…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1993

1993-01-01

395

Helping Your Preschool Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first five years of a child's life are a time of physical, emotional, and cognitive growth. The amount of support children receive during these early years can be strongly connected to the level of success they achieve later in life. Children whose families involve them in activities that allow them to wonder and experiment often take pleasure…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

396

Child soldiers and distributive justice: addressing the limits of law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the limitations of legal responses to the problem of child soldiery, beginning from the premise that\\u000a the crime of using child soldiers is comprised of both the recruiter and the recruit. While legal approaches are addressed\\u000a to the recruiter, because of the dearth of enforcement mechanisms, the protections established in international law have failed\\u000a to prevent the

Augustine S. J. Park

2010-01-01

397

Directions for reducing child poverty.  

PubMed

The rate of child poverty in the United States is higher now than in 1966. Children are the poorest age group and are more likely to be poor than children in other industrial economies. The level and trends in child poverty are analyzed; the major American income support policies for children, including recent reforms of Aid to Families with Dependent Children, are described; and the impact of those policies on poverty are evaluated. Alternate strategies for reducing child poverty, including an expanded Earned Income Tax Credit, child support system reforms, and a medical insurance plan, are proposed. Pragmatic, administratively feasible policies exist that can substantially reduce child poverty without significant new government spending. PMID:10296498

Plotnick, R D

1989-11-01

398

Emergency department evaluation of child abuse.  

PubMed

Child abuse presents commonly to emergency departments. Emergency providers are confronted with medical, social, and legal dilemmas with each case. A solid understanding of the definitions and risk factors of victims and perpetrators aids in identifying abuse cases. Forensic examination should be performed only after the child is medically stable. Emergency providers are mandatory reporters of a reasonable suspicion of abuse. The role of the emergency provider is to identify abuse, facilitate a thorough investigation, treat medical needs, protect the patient, provide an unbiased medical consultation to law enforcement, and to provide an ethical testimony if called to court. PMID:23915607

Leetch, Aaron N; Woolridge, Dale

2013-08-01

399

44 CFR 208.7 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

43(a)(1) through (5). Any such enforcement action taken by the Assistant Administrator will be subject to the hearings, appeals, and effects of suspension and termination provisions of 44 CFR 13.43(b) and...

2013-10-01

400

40 CFR 25.9 - Permit enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.9 Permit enforcement. Each agency administering a permit program shall...

2013-07-01

401

40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Notification for Certain Genetically Modified Microbial Pesticides § 172.59 Enforcement. (a) Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or...

2013-07-01

402

45 CFR 602.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE...that may be legally available. (b) Hearings, appeals. In taking an enforcement...or subgrantee an opportunity for such hearing, appeal, or other administrative...

2013-10-01

403

Conservation Law Enforcement - Standardizing the Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conservation Officers will be civilians, with FLETC Training, aligned under Environmental Directorates. Conservation Officers are the enforcement liaison to USFWS, working closely with PMO. Conservation Officers are trained natural resource professionals ...

H. Hirsh

2004-01-01

404

Military Dog Training for Law Enforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five courses involved in the intensive training that dogs and their handlers go through in the Military Dog Studies Branch at Lackland Air Force Base (San Antonio, Texas) in preparation for duties in law enforcement. (HD)

Atwell, Lou E.

1977-01-01

405

12 CFR 1207.24 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1207.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Minority and Women Inclusion and Diversity at Regulated Entities and the Office of Finance § 1207.24 Enforcement....

2012-01-01

406

12 CFR 1207.24 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1207.24 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Minority and Women Inclusion and Diversity at Regulated Entities and the Office of Finance § 1207.24 Enforcement....

2013-01-01

407

Stronger Enforcement Needed against Misuse of Pesticides.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Programs enforcing Federal pesticide laws are key factors in making sure that the public and the environment are not unnecessarily exposed to hazardous pesticides. But these programs have not always been adequate. For example, the Environmental Protection...

1981-01-01

408

Automated Enforcement and Highway Safety, Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the Automated Enforcement and Highway Safety Research study were to conduct a literature review of national research related to the effectiveness of Red Light Camera (RLC) programs in changing crash frequency, crash severity, crash costs...

E. Wemple R. Retting S. Herbel

2013-01-01

409

50 CFR 600.1016 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Fishing Capacity Reduction Framework § 600.1016 Enforcement. In accordance with applicable law...

2013-10-01

410

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tables, charts, and narrative comments addressing the number of law enforcement officers killed or assaulted are presented throughout this publication. The unit of count is the victim officer, not the number of incidents or weapons employed. In tabulation...

1999-01-01

411

FDA Enforcement Report: May 11, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities. Inquiries about individual actions should be directed to the companies involved. ...

2011-01-01

412

FDA Enforcement Report: May 4, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities. Inquiries about individual actions should be directed to the companies involved. ...

2011-01-01

413

FDA Enforcement Report: April 6, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities. Inquiries about individual actions should be directed to the companies involved. ...

2011-01-01

414

FDA Enforcement Report: March 16, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities. Inquiries about individual actions should be directed to the companies involved. ...

2011-01-01

415

FDA Enforcement Report: February 2, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FDA Enforcement Report is published weekly by the Food and Drug Administration. It contains information on actions taken in connection with agency regulatory activities. Inquiries about individual actions should be directed to the companies involved. ...

2011-01-01

416

Enforcement Economics in Air Pollution Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of alternative enforcement strategies on the pollution control activities of the firm are investigated. There are a number of tradeoffs available to a firm including delay and non-compliance which allow it to minimize expected pollution contro...

P. B. Downing W. D. Watson

1973-01-01

417

33 CFR 107.230 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY NATIONAL VESSEL AND FACILITY CONTROL MEASURES AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Unauthorized Entry Into Cuban Territorial Waters § 107.230 Enforcement. (a)...

2013-07-01

418

Data Analytics for Oversight and Law Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oversight and law enforcement agencies play an important role in eliminating fraud, waste, and abuse. Sharing data, knowledge, and analytic tools can assist government agencies in this effort. However, while there is a tremendous amount of information the...

2013-01-01

419

75 FR 69573 - Export Enforcement Coordination Center  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the United States of America, and in order to advance United States foreign policy and protect the national and economic security of the United States through strengthened and coordinated enforcement of United States export control laws and...

2010-11-15

420

41 CFR 105-69.410 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Enforcement. 105-69.410 Section 105-69.410 Public Contracts and Property Management ...Regional Offices-General Services Administration 69-NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Penalties and...

2009-07-01

421

41 CFR 105-69.410 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Enforcement. 105-69.410 Section 105-69.410 Public Contracts and Property Management ...Regional Offices-General Services Administration 69-NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Penalties and...

2010-07-01

422

The enforcement of shipping standards under UNCLOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the enforcement of shipping standards, with a particular focus on Part XII of UNCLOS. Section 6 of\\u000a Part XII contains the only comprehensive set of vessel-related enforcement provisions in the Convention, but the Part’s scope\\u000a is limited to “the preservation and protection of the marine environment.” Therefore, not all shipping standards fall clearly\\u000a within Part XII’s ambit, including

Bevan Marten

2011-01-01

423

Requirements Development for Interoperability Simulation Capability for Law Enforcement  

SciTech Connect

The National Counterdrug Center (NCC) was initially authorized by Congress in FY 1999 appropriations to create a simulation-based counterdrug interoperability training capability. As the lead organization for Research and Analysis to support the NCC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was responsible for developing the requirements for this interoperability simulation capability. These requirements were structured to address the hardware and software components of the system, as well as the deployment and use of the system. The original set of requirements was developed through a process of conducting a user-based survey of requirements for the simulation capability, coupled with an analysis of similar development efforts. The user-based approach ensured that existing concerns with respect to interoperability within the law enforcement community would be addressed. Law enforcement agencies within the designated pilot area of Cochise County, Arizona, were surveyed using interviews and ride-alongs during actual operations. The results of this survey were then accumulated, organized, and validated with the agencies to ensure the accuracy of the results. These requirements were then supplemented by adapting operational requirements from existing systems to ensure system reliability and operability. The NCC adopted a development approach providing incremental capability through the fielding of a phased series of progressively more capable versions of the system. This allowed for feedback from system users to be incorporated into subsequent revisions of the system requirements, and also allowed the addition of new elements as needed to adapt the system to broader geographic and geopolitical areas, including areas along the southwest and northwest U.S. borders. This paper addresses the processes used to develop and refine requirements for the NCC interoperability simulation capability, as well as the response of the law enforcement community to the use of the NCC system. The paper also addresses the applicability of such an interoperability simulation capability to a broader set of law enforcement, border protection, site/facility security, and first-responder needs.

Holter, Gregory M.

2004-05-19

424

78 FR 40737 - Notification of Deletion of System of Records; Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Deletion of System of Records; Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics & Training...Enforcement Investigations Center, Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics & Training at...Enforcement Investigations Center, Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics & Training...

2013-07-08

425

Firearm deaths by law enforcement.  

PubMed

The use of deadly force during law enforcement is a matter that compels public scrutiny. There were 42 gunshot deaths caused by police over a 4-year period in New York City. The decedents' average age was 31 years and ranged from 17 to 64 years. There were 41 males and one female; and 26 Black, nine Hispanic, and seven White decedents. Ethanol and/or drugs of abuse were detected in 78% (31/40) of the decedents. The vast majority of shootings occurred with the police responding to a crime and 90% of the decedents were armed (26 handguns, six knives, one axe, one metal pipe, and one toy gun). Vehicles were used as weapons in two incidents. A total of 177 bullets struck the 42 decedents. Fourteen decedents sustained single gunshot wounds (GSWs), and the remainder had multiple GSWs ranging from 2 to 21. In the majority of the cases in this study, the number of GSWs of the body was three or fewer. Thirteen decedents had at least one GSW of the back or buttocks, accounting for 25 of the total 177 wounds, and four of the 13 had GSWs of only the back. With the exception of the upper extremities, GSWs of all locations were more likely to penetrate than perforate. Although these deaths may be high profile, the certification is typically straightforward and the cause (i.e., GSW) and manner of death (homicide) are readily apparent. Although police shootings in which the decedent was unarmed and/or sustained numerous GSWs are widely reported by the lay press, these types of shootings were not typical in our study. PMID:19040676

Gill, James R; Pasquale-Styles, Melissa

2009-01-01

426

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... of falling. Your child also should not go bicycling, skateboarding, roller skating, play contact sports, or lift ... child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling out of the country. Your child may need ...

427

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

428

RCRA enforcement policy compendium. Volumes 1, 2 and 3  

SciTech Connect

The compendium is a compilation of documents originated by the Office of Waste Programs Enforcement, RCRA Enforcement Division. Documents contained in the compendium were issued after 1980 and are related to RCRA Enforcement. The compendium also consists of documents originated by the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Office of Enforcement, and Office of Solid Waste.

Not Available

1992-09-01

429

45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cooperative arrangements with courts and law enforcement officials. 304.21 Section 304.21 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

430

The influence of licence status on Kansas child fatalities due to motor vehicle crashes.  

PubMed

The influence of driver licensure on child motor vehicle crash (MVC) deaths in Kansas was investigated. Fatalities from 1994-2000 due to MVCs were extracted from the Kansas State Child Death Review Board and the Fatality Analysis Reporting Systems databases. It was found that 14% (52 of 363) of child fatalities from MVCs in Kansas occurred in vehicles where the driver was not licensed. Driver licence status was associated with use of safety restraints, the victim's age and race, weekend driving and rural county location. All child deaths involving unlicensed drivers were preventable. New legislation on vehicle sanctions may be required to assist law enforcement. Safety restraint laws should be enforced and promoted to the public. Transportation options are necessary for unlicensed drivers, particularly if they have young children and live in a rural community. Thus, a multi-system approach involving law enforcement, accident prevention strategies and transportation options will save the lives of children. PMID:18642164

Kallail, K James; Johnston, Sarah Coate; Melhorn, Katherine J; Boyce, Mary C; Golbeck, Amanda L; Frisch, Lawrence E

2008-06-01

431

Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with an Intellectual Disability: The Effects of Parental Cognitions in Relation to Child Characteristics and Family Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Recent theories of stress and coping in parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) emphasize the importance of cognitive appraisals in influencing parents' levels of stress and their adaptations to difficulties presented by the children. This study investigated the relationships between parental cognitions, child

Hassall, R.; Rose, J.; McDonald, J.

2005-01-01

432

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

433

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

434

Sexual exploitation of children in europe: Child pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: This article is taken from a report entitled: Rhetorics and Realities: Sexual Exploitation of Children in Europe, of a study funded by the European Commission under the STOP Programme. It begins by re-visiting the knowledge base of child pornography and addresses a range of issues including: children's access to pornography; law enforcement and European policy. The article concludes with

Liz Kelly; Linda Regan

2000-01-01

435

Child Labour: Its Regulation by ILO Standards and National Legislation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the International Labour Organisation's standard-setting activities to combat or regulate child labor (fixing of a minimum age for employment or work, establishment of the conditions under which children may work); discusses the means of enforcing standards; and describes the situation in practice. (CT)

Swepston, Lee

1982-01-01

436

Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

Office of Child Care, 2010

2010-01-01

437

Child maltreatment and memory.  

PubMed

Exposure to childhood trauma, especially child maltreatment, has important implications for memory of emotionally distressing experiences. These implications stem from cognitive, socio-emotional, mental health, and neurobiological consequences of maltreatment and can be at least partially explained by current theories concerning the effects of childhood trauma. In this review, two main hypotheses are advanced: (a) Maltreatment in childhood is associated with especially robust memory for emotionally distressing material in many individuals, but (b) maltreatment can impair memory for such material in individuals who defensively avoid it. Support for these hypotheses comes from research on child abuse victims' memory and suggestibility regarding distressing but nonabusive events, memory for child abuse itself, and autobiographical memory. However, more direct investigations are needed to test precisely when and how childhood trauma affects memory for emotionally significant, distressing experiences. Legal implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:19575622

Goodman, Gail S; Quas, Jodi A; Ogle, Christin M

2010-01-01

438

Enforcement Matters : Enforcement and Compliance of European Directives in Four Member States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation 'Enforcement Matters' is a comparative analysis of the transposition and enforcement of, and compliance with, two directives regulating dangerous chemical substances (the Seveso II and Safety Data Sheets directives) in four member states (the Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom and Spain) of the European Union. Ideally, European legislation stimulates uniform rule application within the member states and equal circumstances

E. Versluis

2003-01-01

439

Self-enforcing climate-change treaties  

PubMed Central

In the absence of world government, an effective treaty to control the emissions of greenhouse gases should be self-enforcing. A self-enforcing treaty has the property that, if a country expects other countries to abide by the treaty, it will be in the self-interest of that country to abide by the treaty too. (A difficulty with the Kyoto Protocol is that it does not appear to lay the groundwork for a self-enforcing treaty). A self-enforcing treaty can be modeled as a Nash equilibrium of a suitably defined dynamic game among a large number of sovereign countries of diverse sizes and economic capabilities. We study such a game and characterize its equilibria (typically there are many) and the global-Pareto-optimal solutions. We identify one of the equilibria, which we call “business as usual,” with the current situation. The multiplicity of equilibria provides an opportunity to move from the inefficient business-as-usual equilibrium to one or more equilibria that are Pareto-superior. Using a calibrated model with 184 countries, we give numerical illustrations of business-as-usual and global-Pareto-optimal trajectories and estimate the potential welfare gains from a self-enforcing treaty.

Dutta, Prajit K.; Radner, Roy

2004-01-01

440

Increased police enforcement: effects on speed.  

PubMed

Results of a field experiment in which a 35-km long stretch of road was subjected to an increase in police enforcement--mostly as stationary speed controls--are presented. A group of police officers was invited to plan and perform the enforcement based on their own experience and ideas. The level of enforcement reached a daily average of nine hours throughout an enforcement period of six weeks. Speed measurements were done in 60 and 80 km/h speed-limit zones before, during and after enforcement withdrawal, and were compared to another stretch of road. Average speeds were reduced by 0.9-4.8 km/h in both speed-limit zones and for all times of day. For some time intervals, the average speed and the percentage of speeding drivers were reduced for several weeks of the after-period, demonstrating a time-halo effect of eight weeks at most. The percentage of speeding drivers was reduced in both speed-limit zones for all hours of the day except the morning rush hours 6.00-9.00 A.M. It is suggested that commuting drivers in the morning rush hours are most resistant to speed reduction. These results were statistically significant at alpha = 0.01. PMID:9183475

Vaa, T

1997-05-01

441

Applications for mini VTOL UAV for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Remotely operated vehicle systems, ground and air, have great potential for supporting law enforcement operations. These systems with their onboard sensors, can assist in collecting evidence, performing long-term surveillance or in assessing hazardous situations prior to committing personnel. Remote ground vehicles are presently used by many police departments for ordnance clearing missions. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) typically offer long endurance, and are intuitive to operate, but can be severely limited in where they can go by terrain and obstacles. Unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) have 3-D mobility, but have landing and takeoff restrictions, mission time limitations, and typically are demanding to operate. A new capability has been demonstrated for the U.S. military that shows great promise for aiding police agencies. This concept uses a shrouded rotor, vertical take off and landing (VTOL), an unmanned air vehicle to provide mobility to sensors and other payloads. This system can either perform surveillance from the air or travel to a remote location and land to position onboard sensors to perform long-term surveillance from the ground. This mobility platform concept can also be used to position packages (e.g., communications repeaters) or deliver and deploy non-lethal agents. This paper presents the concept of a small, UAV, VTOL, sensor mobility system for support of law enforcement operations. It then discusses operational feasibility and briefly reviews demonstrations of surveillance and sensor placement operations in military urban terrain scenarios performed by the Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems Center San Diego (SSCSD) and Sikorsky Aircraft with their full-size Cypher UAV. We then discuss the practicality of reducing the size of this capability to a system small enough to be transported in standard police vehicles and which can be easily operated by law enforcement personnel.

Murphy, Douglas W.; Cycon, James

1999-01-01

442

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes.

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

443

76 FR 65927 - Certification and Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 Memorandum...Pursuant to section 404 of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA...government-supported use of child soldiers and to ensure that no...

2011-10-25

444

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's...

2013-04-01

445

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-04-01 true When a natural child is dependent. 222.51 Section 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's...

2013-04-01

446

75 FR 81547 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...apply to: (1) Counter narcotics operations, DoD Directive 5111.13,\\1\\ and aircraft piracy. Responsibilities of the DoD Components for aircraft piracy and counterdrug operations shall be communicated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs...

2010-12-28

447

Statutes for enforcement by security inspectors  

SciTech Connect

The following security violations and enforcement by security personnel are briefly discussed: selected enforcement provisions of the Atomic Energy Act covering communication, receipt of and tampering with restricted data, trespass upon Commission installations, photographing, etc., of Commission installations, sabotage, misrepresentation of impersonation, theft and embezzlement, malicious mischief, conspiracy, searches and seizures, civil disorders, definitions (explosives), penalties (use of explosives or fire), concealment, removal, or mutilation, generally, arson, special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States defined, and arson within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction.

Cadwell, J.J.

1988-09-01

448

EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency has recently launched Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO). ECHO retrieves environmental records for approximately 800,000 regulated facilities nationwide. These data are freely accessible under the Freedom of Information Act, but have not been available online until recently. Searching by location yields a list of facilities and businesses in the area, with summary data indicating 1) whether the EPA or state/ local governments have conducted inspections; 2) whether violations were detected; and 3) whether enforcement took place and penalties were assessed. ECHO should prove a useful resource for research in the environmental sciences.

449

Price-Anderson Nuclear Safety Enforcement Program. 1996 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This first annual report on DOE`s Price Anderson Amendments Act enforcement program covers the activities, accomplishments, and planning for calendar year 1996. It also includes the infrastructure development activities of 1995. It encompasses the activities of the headquarters` Office of Enforcement in the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH) and Investigation and the coordinators and technical advisors in DOE`s Field and Program Offices and other EH Offices. This report includes an overview of the enforcement program; noncompliances, investigations, and enforcement actions; summary of significant enforcement actions; examples where enforcement action was deferred; and changes and improvements to the program.

NONE

1996-01-01

450

Performance-Driven Interface Contract Enforcement for Scientific Components  

SciTech Connect

Several performance-driven approaches to selectively enforce interface contracts for scientific components are investigated. The goal is to facilitate debugging deployed applications built from plug-and-play components while keeping the cost of enforcement within acceptable overhead limits. This paper describes a study of global enforcement using a priori execution cost estimates obtained from traces. Thirteen trials are formed from five, single-component programs. Enforcement experiments conducted using twenty-three enforcement policies are used to determine the nature of exercised contracts and the impact of a variety of sampling strategies. Performance-driven enforcement appears to be best suited to programs that exercise moderately expensive contracts.

Dahlgren, T

2007-02-22

451

U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator Joint Strategic Plan, 2011. One Year Anniversary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the Joint Strategic Plan described last year, the U.S. Government is committed to improving intellectual property enforcement to strengthen the U S economy; create jobs for American workers and support for U S exports; promote innovation and the securi...

2011-01-01

452

Policing Smarter Through IT: Learning from Chicago's Citizen and Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR) System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a report on the Chicago Police Department's Citizen Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR) system through the end of November 2003. CLEAR is to become an integrated, state-of-the-art criminal justice information system supporting the work ...

2003-01-01

453

78 FR 37124 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Oregon: Heat Smart Program and Enforcement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...supported the approval of the Oregon Heat Smart program rules and their...of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995...submissions relate to Oregon's Heat Smart program, enforcement...March 15, 2011: Division 262, Heat Smart Program for...

2013-06-20

454

40 CFR 142.11 - Initial determination of primary enforcement responsibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Initial determination of primary enforcement responsibility. 142.11 Section...REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION Primary Enforcement Responsibility § 142.11 Initial determination of primary enforcement responsibility. (a) A...

2013-07-01

455

40 CFR 35.6150 - Activities eligible for funding under enforcement Cooperative Agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Activities eligible for funding under enforcement Cooperative Agreements. 35...Superfund Response Actions Enforcement Cooperative Agreements § 35...Activities eligible for funding under enforcement Cooperative Agreements....

2013-07-01

456

75 FR 4982 - Redelegation of Functions; Delegation of Authority to Drug Enforcement Administration Official  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration 28 CFR Part 0 [Docket...Functions; Delegation of Authority to Drug Enforcement Administration Official AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Department...

2010-02-01

457

36 CFR 1256.58 - Information related to law enforcement investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true Information related to law enforcement investigations. 1256.58...58 Information related to law enforcement investigations. (a) In...withhold records compiled for law enforcement purposes. Unless...

2013-07-01

458

76 FR 27355 - Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and Application...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OJP (NIJ) Docket No. 1553] Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia...the general public, the ``Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia...industry technical representatives, law enforcement agencies and...

2011-05-11

459

In the eye of the beholder: The role of reporters in bringing families to the attention of child protective services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of child maltreatment allegations investigated by child protective services are not substantiated, and scholars suggest that mandatory abuse reporting laws may contribute to inappropriate reports that are subsequently unfounded. The study examines factors associated with reports by different categories of reporters (i.e., school officials and day care staff; medical professionals; law enforcement and social service providers; and neighbors,

Marla McDaniel

2006-01-01

460

Stressed out and Overcommitted! The Relationships between Time Demands and Family Rules and Parents' and Their Child's Weight Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parent time demands and presence and enforcement of family rules and parent/child dyad weight status. Method. In dyads of one child/parent per family (N = 681 dyads) in Twin Cities, Minnesota, 2007-2008, height and weight were measured, and a survey of demographics, time demands,…

Hearst, Mary O.; Sevcik, Sarah; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Pasch, Keryn E.; Harnack, Lisa J.; Lytle, Leslie A.

2012-01-01

461

Child Labor in Agriculture: Changes Needed To Better Protect Health and Educational Opportunities. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a response to a Congressional request, this report presents information and statistics on child labor in agriculture. Specifically, the report examines: (1) the extent and prevalence of child labor in agriculture, (2) the legislative protections available to children working in agriculture, (3) the enforcement of these protections as they apply…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

462

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

463

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

464

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Skip sharing on social ... Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

465

From a Generic Framework for Expressing Integrity Properties to a Dynamic mac Enforcement for Operating Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protection deals with the enforcement of integrity and confidentiality. Integrity violations often lead to confidentiality vulnerabilities. This paper proposes a novel approach of Mandatory Access Control enforcement for guaranteeing a large range of integrity properties. In the literature, many integrity models are proposed such as the Biba model, data integrity, subject integrity, domain integrity and Trusted Path Execution. There can be numerous integrity models. In practice, an administrator needs to combine various integrity models. The major limitations of existing solutions deal first with the support of indirect activities aiming at violating integrity and second with the impossibility to extend existing models or even define new ones.

Clemente, Patrice; Rouzaud-Cornabas, Jonathan; Toinard, Christian

466

Analytical testing as a tool for the enforcement of future regulatory thresholds for food allergens.  

PubMed

Food allergen labeling regulations have been implemented in several countries since 2006. Currently, experts are still discussing the introduction of thresholds or action levels, which should lead to the reduction of the widespread use of advisory statements (e.g., "may contain") for the benefit of the allergic consumer. However, the establishment of threshold requires supporting analytical methodologies to enforce and comply with the regulations. This article discusses the possibilities and limitations of existing and emerging methodologies for the purpose of enabling compliance with and enforcement of allergen action levels. PMID:20480888

Diaz-Amigo, Carmen; Popping, Bert

2010-01-01

467

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

GIS has become a common tool in environmental management and enforcement. Only in the last few years, however, has the technology come into use directly by litigators working on environmental cases. This presentation explores how GIS is being used in law firms to manage and sup...

468

A Domain and Type Enforcement UNIX Prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

UNIX system security today often relies on correct operation of numerous privileged subsystems and careful attention by expert system administrators. In the context of global and possibly hostile networks, these traditional UNIX weaknesses raise a legitimate question about whether UNIX systems are appropriate platforms for processing and safeguarding important information resources. Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) is an access control

Lee Badger; Daniel F. Sterne; David L. Sherman; Kenneth M. Walker

1996-01-01

469

Law Enforcement's Response to Sexual Assault  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the major reforms of sexual assault laws between 1960 and 1975, a number of studies examined the changes in sexual assault reports to the police and the prosecution of these cases; however, little research has studied changes in law enforcement investigative procedures of sexual assault cases. This study examines the processes used in the investigation of sexual assault cases

Vivian B. Lord; Gary Rassel

2000-01-01

470

Enforcing Constraints for Human Body Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel approach for tracking 3D articulated human bodies in stereo images is presented. We present a projection-based method for enforcing articulated constraints. We define the articulated motion space as the space in which the motions of the limbs of a body belong. We show that around the origin, the articulated motion space can be approximated by a linear space

D. Demirdjian

2003-01-01

471

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INTENDED FOR USE BY CHILDREN UNDER 3 YEARS OF AGE WHICH PRESENT CHOKING, ASPIRATION, OR INGESTION HAZARDS BECAUSE OF SMALL PARTS § 1501.5 Enforcement...with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05âLetter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance...

2009-01-01

472

16 CFR 1501.5 - Enforcement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INTENDED FOR USE BY CHILDREN UNDER 3 YEARS OF AGE WHICH PRESENT CHOKING, ASPIRATION, OR INGESTION HAZARDS BECAUSE OF SMALL PARTS § 1501.5 Enforcement...with Chapter 2, Guide 2.05âLetter of Advice/Notices of Noncompliance...

2010-01-01

473

THE ROLE OF DETECTION IN RULE ENFORCEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

All rules or laws depend for their enforcement upon some means of detecting infractions. In this paper I argue that, particularly in the liberal state, the most appropriate and effective means of detection is the complaint of the victim, and I discuss the perils associated with legislation that fails to take this simple principle into account. My arguments are illustrated

Thomas M. Cantine

1996-01-01

474

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication presents tables, charts, and narrative comments addressing the number of law enforcement officers killed and assaulted in the line of duty. The unit of count is the victim officer, not the number of incidents nor weapons employed. In tabu...

2001-01-01

475

30 CFR 947.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and order to show cause issued pursuant to this section to the Washington Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Ecology. If there is a planning department in the county government where the operation is located, a copy of the enforcement...

2013-07-01

476

COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT REGIONAL TRACKING SYSTEM (CERTS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Compliance and Enforcement Regional Tracking System (CERTS) is a system that allows Region 10 employees integrated access to information in EPA national media data bases through the LAN system. CERTS will allow you to identify regulated facilities in a given location such as...

477

Domain and Type Enforcement for Linux  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access control in Linux is currently very limited. This paper details the implementation of Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) in Linux, which gives the system administrator a significant advantage in securing his systems. We control access from domains to types, domain transitions, and signal access between domains, based on a policy which is read at boot time.

Serge E. Hallyn; Phil Kearns

2000-01-01

478

Social Behaviors, Enforcement, and Compliance Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the effect of social norms and enforcement on the dynamics of taxpayer compliance. Specifically, we develop two models to evaluate the movement between classes of compliant and noncompliant tax- payers. Our analysis suggests that the effect on compliance of changing en- forcement levels depends on whether the taxpayer population is initially com- pliant or noncompliant. Compliant populations are

Jon S. Davis; Gary Hecht; Jon D. Perkins

2000-01-01

479

Title IX Enforcement Called 'Deeply Troubling'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The government agency responsible for enforcing gender equity in college sports is falling down on the job, according to a report released by the National Women's Law Center. Over the past five years, the U.S. Education Department's Office for Civil Rights -- the administrative guardian of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the law that…

Lipka, Sara; Wolverton, Brad

2007-01-01

480

Standards Enforcement Test Reports Index for 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the ninth in a series of indexes to the Standards Enforcement Test Reports of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The first index covers the year 1969 and is out of print, but is available for examination in the Administration. The...

1978-01-01

481

Evaluation of Concepts for Safe Speed Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The final report evaluates the suitability of existing and developmental safe speed enforcement concepts/systems for application to a high-speed maglev control system in the U.S. Requirements, functions and needs are identified and discussed for two major...

J. F. Luedeke R. E. Thompson

1992-01-01

482

Verification of Cryptographic Protocols: Tagging Enforces Termination  

Microsoft Academic Search

In experiments with a resolution-based verification method for cryptographic protocols, we could enforce its termination by tagging, a syntactic transformation of messages that leaves attack-free executions invariant. In this paper, we generalize the experimental evidence: we prove that the verification method always terminates for tagged protocols.

Bruno Blanchet; Andreas Podelski

2003-01-01

483

Law Enforcement. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for law enforcement. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

484

Career Fields for Inspection and Enforcement Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the General Research Corporation (GRC) report on Task II, which called for the development of career fields for headquarters and regional positions of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Inspection and Enforcement (NRC/IE). GRC examined the data of Task I (development of qualifications requirements) for commonality of…

Bartley, Hugh J.; And Others

485

Intimate Partner Violence within Law Enforcement Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Baltimore Police Stress and Domestic Violence study, the authors examined how exposure to stressful events on the job affects law enforcement employees' physical aggression toward domestic partners, evaluating the role of negative emotions and authoritarian spillover in mediating the impact of such task-related stress. The…

Anderson, Anita S.; Lo, Celia C.

2011-01-01

486

Guidelines for Working with Law Enforcement Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many security professionals choose the career because of an interest in the technology of security. Few realize the degree to which a contemporary security office interacts with law enforcement agencies (LEAs) such as the FBI and state, local, and campus police. As the field of information security has matured, the language of risk management is…

Corn, Michael

2007-01-01

487

Child molesters who abduct.  

PubMed

This study examined the differences between 97 abducting and 60 nonabducting child molesters on selected typological and antisocial/criminal variables. Although the results supported one a priori hypothesis, they disconfirmed two others and yielded an unpredicted but theoretically interesting abductor covariate. Our hypothesis that child abductors would more likely be classified as "low" in their contact with children (i.e., have little or no contact with children outside of their offenses) than the nonabductors was supported. In contrast, our hypotheses that the abductors were more likely to be characterized by a history of antisocial and criminal behavior as well as a greater degree of aggression were not supported. Abductors were found to be lower in social competence than the child molesters who never abducted their victims. The results were discussed in terms of abduction as in victim control strategy that is more likely employed by offenders with poor social and interpersonal skills. The complex interrelation among social competence, weapons, and sadism for abductors and nonabductors was explored. PMID:1818619

Prentky, R A; Knight, R A; Burgess, A W; Ressler, R; Campbell, J; Lanning, K V

1991-01-01

488

24 CFR 7.42 - Enforcement of EEOC final decisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY; POLICY, PROCEDURES AND PROGRAMS Equal Employment Opportunity Without Regard to Race, Color Religion, Sex, National Origin, Age, Disability or Reprisal Remedies, Enforcement and Compliance § 7.42 Enforcement...

2013-04-01

489

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

490

50 CFR 648.15 - Facilitation of enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Facilitation of enforcement. 648.15 Section 648.15 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND...NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES General Provisions § 648.15 Facilitation of enforcement. (a) General....

2013-10-01

491

40 CFR 80.81 - Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline. 80.81 Section 80.81 Protection...FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Reformulated Gasoline § 80.81 Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline. (a)(1) The...

2013-07-01

492

40 CFR 80.81 - Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline. 80.81 Section 80.81 Protection...FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Reformulated Gasoline § 80.81 Enforcement exemptions for California gasoline. (a)(1) The...

2010-07-01

493

40 CFR 161.180 - Enforcement analytical method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR REGISTRATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PESTICIDES Product Chemistry Data Requirements § 161.180 Enforcement analytical method. An analytical method suitable for enforcement...

2013-07-01

494

40 CFR 158.355 - Enforcement analytical method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES Product Chemistry § 158.355 Enforcement analytical method. An analytical method suitable for enforcement purposes must be provided...

2013-07-01

495

Community How To Guide On Underage Drinking Prevention: Enforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This 'Community How to Guide on Underage Drinking Enforcement' detail what coalitions and organizations need to do to insure the enforcement and judicial communities are active partners in the effort to reduce underage drinking. One of the first tasks dis...

2000-01-01

496

50 CFR 697.9 - Facilitation of enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General Provisions § 697.9 Facilitation of enforcement. (a) General . See § 600.730 of this chapter. (b) Radio hails. Permit holders, while underway, must be alert for communication conveying enforcement instructions and...

2013-10-01

497

50 CFR 300.143 - Facilitation of enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FISHERIES REGULATIONS United States-Canada Fisheries Enforcement § 300.143 ...authorized officer of the United States or Canada, or by an enforcement vessel or...authorized officer of the United States or Canada. (See paragraph (b) of this...

2013-10-01

498

25 CFR 249.6 - Enforcement and penalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Enforcement and penalties. 249.6 Section 249.6 Indians ...OFF-RESERVATION TREATY FISHING General Provisions § 249.6 Enforcement and penalties. (a) Any Indian tribe...

2011-04-01

499

46 CFR 386.25 - Enforcement, penalties and other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Enforcement, penalties and other laws. 386.25 Section 386.25 Shipping...MERCHANT MARINE ACADEMY § 386.25 Enforcement, penalties and other laws. Whoever shall be found...

2013-10-01

500

40 CFR 123.27 - Requirements for enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Requirements for enforcement authority. 123.27 Section 123.27 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS State Program Submissions § 123.27 Requirements for enforcement authority....

2013-07-01