These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Child Support Enforcement and Welfare Caseloads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual state panel data from 1980 to 1999 was examined to understand the effects of child support enforcement (CSE). However, in recent years, it has been found that the CSE among current and former welfare families are dramatically improved.

Chein-Chung Huang; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

2004-01-01

2

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

3

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

4

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

5

77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-12-12

6

77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-01-17

7

77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-12-12

8

75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of Computer Matching Program...

2010-06-03

9

75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of Computer Matching Program...

2010-05-27

10

Single Mothers and Their Child Support Receipt: How Well Is Child Support Enforcement Doing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of child support enforcement system has increased the child-support receipt rates of never-married and previously married mothers. The studies reveal that if this system were not implemented, the child-support rates would be 1-9 percentage points lower.

Sorensen, Elaine; Hill, Ariel

2004-01-01

11

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

12

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations. 243...process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations. ...of legal obligations to provide child support or to make alimony payments,...

2010-04-01

13

75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Computerized Tribal IV-D Systems and Office Automation. 45 CFR parts 309 and 310 apply only...do not function at the same level of automation, which is why we reiterate that electronic...enforcement actions occur in the obligor's home State. Response: We agree with...

2010-07-02

14

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

2006-01-01

15

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? ...been established or for whom a child support order needs to be...

2010-10-01

16

Child Support Enforcement Policy and Unmarried Fathers' Employment in the Underground and Regular Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars have suggested that a negative consequence of strengthening child support enforcement is to encourage fathers to shift from regular sector to underground employment. We employ data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to investigate the relationship between the strength of child support enforcement (CSE) and levels of…

Rich, Lauren M.; Garfinkel, Irwin; Gao, Qin

2007-01-01

17

Child Support Enforcement: Incentives and Well-Being. JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public enforcement of private child support obligations transfers income from nonresident parents to resident parents (mostly mothers) or, if the mother is receiving welfare, to the state. This paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature on the effects of this transfer of income and presents new empirical evidence on the effects of stronger…

Garfinkel, Irwin; Heintze, Theresa; Huang, Chien-Chung

18

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

19

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

20

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

21

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

22

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

23

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...System location: National Computer Center, Social Security...Individuals owing past-due child support, as reported...Federal Case Registry of Child Support Orders (FCR...System Location: National Computer Center, Social Security...Individuals involved in child support cases in...

2011-01-05

24

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...OCSE guideline entitled “Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide for States”....

2010-10-01

25

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...obligations. 303.6 Section 303.6 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

26

45 CFR 302.80 - Medical support enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.80 Section 302.80 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

27

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, Computer technology, Requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-12-29

28

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, computer technology, requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-06-07

29

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Nonmarital and Marital Births: Does It Differ by Racial and Age Groups? JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 1979-98 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this paper investigated the effect of child support enforcement on marital and nonmarital births, noting differences by age and race. The study examined 4,715 women who were followed from 1979 to their first birth or to 1998. Data also came from various years of the…

Huang, Chien-Chung

30

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

31

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.30 Section 302.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

32

45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.20 Section 307.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

33

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

34

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2010-10-01

35

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

36

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

37

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

38

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

39

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

40

45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.40 Section 307.40 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

41

Child Support Enforcement: Effects of Declining Welfare Caseloads Are Beginning To Emerge. United States General Accounting Office Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a condition of receiving federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) funds, states are required to operate Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs. Families receiving TANF are required to participate in the CSE program; families not receiving TANF may also request CSE services. However, since 1994, an increasing number of states…

Hembra, Richard L.

42

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

43

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

44

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

45

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

46

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

47

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

48

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

49

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

50

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

51

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

52

The Strange Politics of Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

Christensen, Bryce

2001-01-01

53

Child Support, Child Care and Head Start Collaboration: Innovations & Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph highlights and compares approaches of six demonstration grant projects designed to promote collaboration between state Child Support Enforcement, Child Care, and Head Start programs. These demonstration grant projects were awarded to Alaska, Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, and Missouri. These three-year projects were…

Child Care Bureau, 2003

2003-01-01

54

The Child Support Program: An Investment That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support program enforces the responsibility of parents to support their children when they live apart. The child support program is jointly funded by federal and state governments under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The program collects child support for families, establishes the legal relationship between children and their…

Turetsky, Vicki

2005-01-01

55

A New Approach to Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a social child-support program based on taxes on earnings (deductions from wages) of absent parent rather than voluntary or court-determined payments enforced by law. Summarizes principal benefits of such a system and notes that proposed system is being tried out in several Wisconsin counties now. (CJM)

Garfinkel, Irwin; Uhr, Elizabeth

1984-01-01

56

Low-Income Fathers and Child Support: Starting Off on the Right Track. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support reform provisions within the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) have been markedly successful in improving child support enforcement efforts. Child support is an important part of the mix of supports necessary to assist welfare recipients to make the transition to work and…

Legler, Paul

57

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child Support Enforcement...renewal of an existing computer matching program...Counsel. Notice of Computer Matching Program, SSA With the Office of Child Support...

2012-05-08

58

77 FR 49849 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child Support Enforcement...renewal of an existing computer-matching program...Counsel. Notice of Computer Matching Program, SSA With the Office of Child Support...

2012-08-17

59

20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent  

E-print Network

2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid The student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

Rosen, Jay

60

20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent  

E-print Network

2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid One of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

Rosen, Jay

61

45 CFR 302.31 - Establishing paternity and securing support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...has been established for that spouse and the child support obligation is being enforced under the...

2010-10-01

62

A Parent's Guide to Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in a question and answer format, this booklet is designed to answer parents' basic questions about how to obtain child support for their child or others' questions about how to help families get the support they need. The booklet's introduction describes what child support payments can do for a child and where parents can find help in…

Ebb, Nancy

63

Child Care: States Face Difficulties Enforcing Standards and Promoting Quality. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses efforts to ensure and promote quality child care through enforcement of state standards and other activities. The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 authorized the dispersing of funds to states for child care services through the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). These funds are used…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

64

45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...does not have an automated system that performs child support enforcement activities consistent with §...

2010-10-01

65

45 CFR 302.75 - Procedures for the imposition of late payment fees on noncustodial parents who owe overdue support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...must reduce its expenditures claimed under the Child Support Enforcement program by any fees collected...

2010-10-01

66

Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

Roff, Jennifer

2010-01-01

67

Welfare and Child Support: Complements, Not Substitutes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most states, child support paid on behalf of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants is used to offset TANF and child support administrative expenditures; this policy primarily benefits taxpayers. In contrast, Wisconsin allowed most custodial parents to keep all support paid on their behalf. This policy, which treats welfare…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Caspar, Emma

2008-01-01

68

45 CFR 303.32 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...employment-related group health plan pursuant to a child support order and for whom the employer is known to...

2010-10-01

69

45 CFR 303.4 - Establishment of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...chapter. (c) Periodically review and adjust child support orders, as appropriate, in accordance...

2010-10-01

70

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States.” This guide is available from the Child Support Information Systems Division, Office of State Systems, ACF, 370 L'Enfant Promenade, SW., Washington, DC 20447; and (2) By October 1, 2000, which meets all the requirements of title...

2010-10-01

71

Working with child protective services and law enforcement: what to expect.  

PubMed

The process whereby a clinician decides that child abuse is a diagnostic possibility is often marked with doubt and fear. Abusive parents can present convincing lies, and children with suspicious injuries can have unusual accidents. Personal thresholds for reporting suspected abuse vary considerably. Clinicians may mistrust or misunderstand the roles and responsibilities of the investigators and legal professionals involved. This article aims to improve understanding of the community responses to a report of child abuse, and enable the clinician to work effectively with child protective services, law enforcement agencies, and legal professionals to ensure child safety and family integrity when appropriate. PMID:25242714

Kellogg, Nancy D

2014-10-01

72

Child Support and Welfare Caseloads. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report tests the hypothesis that strong child support collection is associated with lower welfare caseloads. It uses annual state panel data from 1980-96 to replicate previous models and incorporate the effects of child support. The primary analysis technique is fixed effects regression of welfare caseloads with welfare caseloads as the…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

73

Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

2008-01-01

74

2012 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME: ________________________________________________________ UMS ID: __________________________  

E-print Network

2012 ­ 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME indicated that either you or your parent paid child support during 2011. You have been selected Name of person to whom child support was paid Name of child for whom child support was paid Support

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

75

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

76

49 CFR 22.17 - Compliance with child support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Compliance with child support obligations. 22.17 Section... § 22.17 Compliance with child support obligations. Any holder...delinquent on any obligation to pay child support arising under: (a) An...

2010-10-01

77

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

...SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality...support enforcement systems in operation after...agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security . Have safeguards...support enforcement system. These...

2014-10-01

78

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality...support enforcement systems in operation after...agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security . Have safeguards...support enforcement system. These...

2013-10-01

79

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality...support enforcement systems in operation after...agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security . Have safeguards...support enforcement system. These...

2012-10-01

80

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality...support enforcement systems in operation after...agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security . Have safeguards...support enforcement system. These...

2011-10-01

81

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

82

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

83

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

84

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

85

45 CFR 307.10 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1, 1997. 307...COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.10 Functional...computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1, 1997....

2010-10-01

86

TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and engineeri...

87

TOOLS FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO EPA ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC), Lakewood, Colorado is the technical center for expert support nationwide to state, local, tribal, and Federal environmental enforcement and compliance assurance programs through expertise in field compliance monitoring and en...

88

Child care and other support programs.  

PubMed

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a sprawling network with nearly 23,000 workers that directly serves or subsidizes care for 200,000 children every day. Child-care options available to civilians typically pale in comparison, and the military's system, embedded in a broader web of family support services, is widely considered to be a model for the nation. The military's child-care success rests on four pillars, write Major Latosha Floyd and Deborah A. Phillips. The first is certification by the military itself, including unannounced inspections to check on safety, sanitation, and general compliance with DoD rules. The second is accreditation by nationally recognized agencies, such as the National Association for the Education of Young Children. The third is a hiring policy that sets educational and other requirements for child-care workers, and the fourth is a pay scale that not only sets wages high enough to discourage the rapid turnover common in civilian child care but also rewards workers for completing additional training. Floyd and Phillips sound a few cautionary notes. For one, demand for military child care continues to outstrip the supply In particular, as National Guard and Reserve members have been activated during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the DoD has sometimes struggled to provide child care for their children. And force reductions and budget cuts are likely to force the military to make difficult choices as it seeks to streamline its child-care services in the years ahead. PMID:25518693

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A

2013-01-01

89

Visual identification system for homeland security and law enforcement support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the basic configuration for a visual identification system (VIS) for Homeland Security and law enforcement support. Security and law enforcement systems with an integrated VIS will accurately and rapidly provide identification of vehicles or containers that have entered, exited or passed through a specific monitoring location. The VIS system stores all images and makes them available for recall for approximately one week. Images of alarming vehicles will be archived indefinitely as part of the alarming vehicle"s or cargo container"s record. Depending on user needs, the digital imaging information will be provided electronically to the individual inspectors, supervisors, and/or control center at the customer"s office. The key components of the VIS are the high-resolution cameras that capture images of vehicles, lights, presence sensors, image cataloging software, and image recognition software. In addition to the cameras, the physical integration and network communications of the VIS components with the balance of the security system and client must be ensured.

Samuel, Todd J.; Edwards, Don; Knopf, Michael

2005-05-01

90

Child Support in Minnesota. KIDS COUNT Minnesota, Fall 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the child support collection system is an important source of economic support for many Minnesota children and that child support contributes significantly to children's well-being beyond providing financial benefits, this special Kids Count report examines the child support system in Minnesota. The report provides information about…

Children's Defense Fund-Minnesota, St. Paul.

91

Falling Further Behind? Child Support Arrears and Fathers’ Labor Force Participation  

PubMed Central

This study examines how child support arrears affect fathers’ labor force participation. It relies on longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study. Findings from analyses of these data suggest that child support arrears result in declines in average weeks worked in the formal labor market in subsequent time periods. These findings are driven by the behaviors of fathers who had relatively high amounts of arrears and no income in the previous year and are mostly robust to tests for selection into no work or low levels of work by fathers. Findings also suggest that arrears obligations that are low relative to income result in increases in the probability that fathers engage in any formal work. Arrears are not statistically significantly related to informal labor force participation. This study highlights both intended and unintended consequences of the growth in arrears under current child support enforcement policies. PMID:23935220

Miller, Daniel P.; Mincy, Ronald B.

2013-01-01

92

Child Support and Fatherhood Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts compile testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means focusing on the performance of the child support enforcement program and providing information on current child support and fatherhood proposals. Oral testimony was heard from eight invited witnesses. Three members of Congress…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

93

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2013 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

94

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2012 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

95

Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2010-01-01

96

Child Support Obligations and Low-Income Fathers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1994-1998 waves of the Current Population Survey--Child Support Supplement (N = 5,387), the aims of this study are to document child support obligation rates of nonresident fathers, to examine the effect of the obligation rate on child support compliance, and to calculate the trade-off between fathers' financial responsibility and…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Mincy, Ronald B.; Garfinkel, Irwin

2005-01-01

97

45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.51 Section 302.51 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

98

45 CFR 303.30 - Securing medical support information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.30 Section 303.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

99

45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.50 Section 302.50 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

100

75 FR 5614 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...update Department of Homeland Security/ ALL--025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...Washington, DC 20528. Instructions: All submissions received must include the...

2010-02-03

101

45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.35 Section 307.35 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

102

45 CFR 302.60 - Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.60 Section 302.60 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

103

45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.102 Section 303.102 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

104

45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...which address all system components within...support enforcement system; (4) The APD...the requirements analysis study will be incorporated...into the proposed system design, development...and must describe information flows, input...

2010-10-01

105

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...purchase of support enforcement services as provided for in the State...that payment for such purchased services is in accordance with rates of...reasonable and necessary to assure quality of such service and in the case of such...

2011-10-01

106

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Monitor routine access to and use of the computerized support enforcement system through methods such as audit trails and feedback mechanisms to guard against, and promptly identify unauthorized access or use; (c) Training and information....

2010-10-01

107

Maintenance payments for child support in southern Africa: using law to promote family planning.  

PubMed

This article presents some of the legal, social, cultural, and practical constraints facing women who attempt to enforce their right to maintenance (child support) payments in southern Africa. It is based on research by the Women and Law in Southern Africa Trust, a network of women who research women's legal rights in six countries: Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Statutes in all countries in the region provide that a man must support his legitimate and illegitimate children; there are, however, weaknesses in the laws on the books. The social and cultural constraints that influence the enforcement of maintenance laws include women's lack of knowledge of the law, attitudes toward child support influenced by customary law, allegations of women's abuse of maintenance payments, financial and practical problems, and fear of physical violence or other forms of retribution. Maintenance laws are relevant to family planning in that if such laws were more effectively enforced, so that the financial burden of children were more equally shared between women and men, men would have a financial stake in controlling their fertility. PMID:1412595

Armstrong, A

1992-01-01

108

45 CFR 303.104 - Procedures for posting security, bond or guarantee to secure payment of overdue support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.104 Section 303.104 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

109

45 CFR 302.52 - Distribution of support collected in Title IV-E foster care maintenance cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.52 Section 302.52 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

110

45 CFR 302.32 - Collection and disbursement of support payments by the IV-D Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.32 Section 302.32 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

111

Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2004-01-01

112

Health Care Coverage among Child Support-Eligible Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Survey of America's Families (a nationally representative survey of the economic, social, and health characteristics of children, adults, and their families), this paper discusses health care coverage among child support eligible children. It begins with a detailed profile of child support eligible children living with…

Aron, Laudan Y.

113

Changing Policy, Changing Practice: Mothers' Incomes and Child Support Orders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Wisconsin divorce cases (n=3,774) before and after income-sharing guidelines were implemented relating to child support. Found that the negative impact of the mother's income on the size of child support orders has fallen substantially since the guidelines have been effective. Discusses implications. (RB)

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

1996-01-01

114

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

115

CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________  

E-print Network

CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS or the student/spouse paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child

Rosen, Jay

116

20 CFR 725.512 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent... § 725.512 Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent...certified for the support of the legally...legally dependent child, or a...

2010-04-01

117

20 CFR 410.587 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent... § 410.587 Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent...certified for the support of the legally...legally dependent child, or a...

2010-04-01

118

Assistance for Special Educators, Law Enforcement, and Child Protective Services in Recognizing and Managing Abuse and Neglect of Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to help Virginia special educators, law enforcement, and child protective service professionals recognize and understand abuse and neglect of children with disabilities; improve the reporting accuracy when there is suspicion of child abuse/neglect; and provide strategies for interdisciplinary collaboration that will…

Struck, Linda M.

119

13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

2010-01-01

120

Social support in child abuse and neglect: Support functions, sources, and contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The objective of the present paper was to examine the social support functions, sources and temporal contexts of Argentinian mothers in relation to child abuse and neglect.Method: To test the impact of social support on child abuse and neglect, a sample of 101 Argentinian mothers was drawn from the pediatric hospital. The interview contained questions regarding maternal social support

Marta Albarracin; MARTIN J. REPETTO

1997-01-01

121

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...respond to an incident in support of a civil aviation security program when requested by an aircraft...

2014-10-01

122

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...respond to an incident in support of a civil aviation security program when requested by an aircraft...

2010-10-01

123

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...respond to an incident in support of a civil aviation security program when requested by an aircraft...

2011-10-01

124

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...respond to an incident in support of a civil aviation security program when requested by an aircraft...

2013-10-01

125

49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...respond to an incident in support of a civil aviation security program when requested by an aircraft...

2012-10-01

126

30 CFR 1227.700 - What enforcement documents may a State issue in support of its delegated function?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...State issue in support of its delegated function? 1227.700 Section 1227.700...Responsibilities to Perform Delegated Functions § 1227.700 What enforcement documents...State issue in support of its delegated function? This section explains what...

2011-07-01

127

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

128

Children's Protective Services and Law Enforcement: Fostering Partnerships in Investigations of Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although collaboration in child abuse investigations has been emphasized since 1974, barriers, including role conflicts and organizational differences, have often been reported. This study describes the process of collaboration based on the perceptions of investigators working with a Child Advocacy Center. Telephone interviews were conducted with…

Newman, Bernie Sue; Dannenfelser, Paul L.

2005-01-01

129

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

130

Economic Inequities in Child Support: The Role of Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing numbers, divorced families with a noncustodial mother and a custodial father have received scant research attention. Our study attempts to provide some initial insight into the economic status of these families. Examining the child support obligation, we find that noncustodial mothers face a much smaller award than noncustodial fathers, both in terms of the absolute dollar amount

Kate Stirling; Thomas Aldrich

2012-01-01

131

Every Child Learning: Safe and Supportive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that students experience as safe and supportive will be more successful at promoting student achievement and developing qualities such as good character and citizenship. However, this commonsensible priority is sometimes slighted when other issues demand a school's attention. This guide identifies four core elements necessary to create and…

Learning First Alliance, Washington, DC.

132

Falling through the Cracks: Gaps in Child Support among Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines gaps in child support among welfare recipients in Wisconsin. Documented is the extent to which breakdowns at various stages--including paternity establishment, support orders, and payments--contribute to the low rate of child support receipt. Few welfare recipients are able to successfully negotiate the child support system, and mothers…

Bartfeld, Judi

2003-01-01

133

2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and/or your spouse or your parents, if you are a dependent  

E-print Network

2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and and submit to the Office of Financial Aid. If you pay child support for a child or children, you cannot count them in the household. Please complete the chart below. Indicate $0 if no child support was paid. Name

Huang, Haiying

134

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2010-10-01

135

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

136

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2013-10-01

137

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2014-10-01

138

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

139

25 CFR 115.412 - Will child support payments be accepted for deposit into a minor's supervised account?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Will child support payments be accepted for deposit...Minors § 115.412 Will child support payments be accepted for deposit... The Secretary will not accept child support payments for deposit into a...

2010-04-01

140

5 CFR 870.803 - Child incapable of self-support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Child incapable of self-support. 870.803 Section...Beneficiary § 870.803 Child incapable of self-support. (a) When it...whether the deceased child was incapable of self-support because of a...

2010-01-01

141

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree of dissolution of marriage or of legal separation is final...owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount...

2010-04-01

142

Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office.  

E-print Network

Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office. STEP 1 (Include Area Code) Email Address STEP 2 ­ CHILD SUPPORT PAID CERTIFICATION You or your spouse, who is a member of your household, certify that child support was paid in 2012. List below the names

Champagne, Frances A.

143

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

144

The Relationship Between Parent and Child Reports of Parental Supportiveness and Psychopathology of Sexually Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between parent and child reports of supportiveness of intrafamilially sexually abused children and levels of child psychopathology. Fifty-four intrafamilially sexually abused children completed a revised version of the Family Subscale of the Survey of Children's Social Support and the Child Assessment Schedule. Fifty-four parents completed a version of the Family Subscale of the Survey of

Lisa Avery; Carol Rippey Massat; Marta Lundy

1998-01-01

145

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Qiu, Weigang

146

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application for Federal at your college must compare information from your FAFSA with information you provide on this worksheet

Qiu, Weigang

147

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Rosen, Jay

148

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Rosen, Jay

149

Employer Support for Child Care on the Rise. Status Report #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 90s, employer-supported child care has experienced the most growth in the child care arena. This article highlights the top child care organizations, including Bright Horizons, CorporateFamily Solutions, Children's Discovery Centers, and others. Employers providing care include private companies, government agencies, hospitals, and…

Neugebauer, Roger

1998-01-01

150

Backing Away from Parental Responsibility: Child Support Budget Cuts Will Unravel a Decade of Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When parents live apart, the combination of the mother's earnings (contributed directly to the household) and the father's earnings (paid through child support) help support children. The child support program is the first line of defense against poverty and public assistance costs. It is unique among other children's programs because the benefit…

Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2005

2005-01-01

151

How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

Daniel, Jerlean E.

2012-01-01

152

Knowledge of Child Support Policy Rules: How Little We Know. Discussion Paper No. 1297-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is surprisingly limited information on how much individuals know about the policy rules that could affect them, either in general or in evaluations of new programs. In this article we examine the level of knowledge that participants in a Wisconsin child support and welfare demonstration had about child support policy rules. We find very low…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Nam, Kisun

2005-01-01

153

Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

154

Paying for the Children: Parent and Employer Experience of Stage One of Australia's Child Support Scheme. Monograph No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents an evaluation of Stage One of Australia's proposed Child Support Scheme, designed to collect money owing following a court order or approved agreement for the payment of child support. Chapter 1 summarizes the major characteristics of the Child Support Scheme and the background, features, and findings of both phases of the…

Harrison, Margaret; And Others

155

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Bartfeld, Judi.; Cancian, Maria.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.; Meyer, Daniel R.

156

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

157

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

158

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

159

Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know  

Microsoft Academic Search

We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

2005-01-01

160

The Effect of Child Support on Welfare Exits and Re-Entries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature on welfare dynamics has focused on the effects of recipient characteristics and state-level characteristics such as welfare benefits and economic conditions; there has been very little analysis on the effects of child support. This paper, using the 1979-1996 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, examines whether child

Huang, Chien-Chung; Kunz, James; Garfinkel, Irwin

2002-01-01

161

Who gains, who loses from changing U.S. child support policies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the empirical and theoretical research on child support policies to assess the effects of recent changes on the well-being of women, men, and children. In addition to considering the intra-family and inter-family distributional effects of child support payments across gender, race, and income categories, the essay explores several criteria central to a feminist cost-benefit analysis. Thus, recent

Marieka M. Klawitter

1994-01-01

162

Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.  

PubMed

Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

2013-01-01

163

Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 1999. Current Population Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data on single parent families, focusing on the child support income that custodial parents reported receiving during the calendar year prior to the survey as well as other support provided, such as health insurance and non-cash support for children up to age 21 years. Data came from the April 2000 supplement to the Current…

Grall, Timothy

164

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2010-07-01

165

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2011-07-01

166

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2014-07-01

167

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2012-07-01

168

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2013-07-01

169

Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

Newland, Lisa A.

2014-01-01

170

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

171

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

172

Effects of Support on the Attitude of the Primary Caregiver of a Child with Down Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of children with mental or physical handicaps often experience overwhelming feelings of stress and anxiety. Research indicates that support for the primary caregiver can help alleviate some stressors involved in raising a child with a handicap. This study examined how level of support affects feelings of satisfaction the primary caregiver…

Heritage, Jeannette G.; And Others

173

Welfare dynamics, support services, mothers' earnings, and child cognitive development: implications for contemporary welfare reform.  

PubMed

This prospective longitudinal study, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY; N = 614), addresses the gap in the research literature regarding the effects of welfare reform on children. Key questions addressed include whether welfare dynamics and support services relevant to welfare reform, both measured across the first 5 years of life, are associated with mothers' earnings in the 6th year and three child cognitive outcomes in the 7th and 8th years: Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) math and reading scores, and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT). Welfare dynamics are represented by total time on welfare, degree of cycling on and off welfare, and degree to which welfare and work are combined. Support services measured include three forms of child care (relative, babysitter, and center-based), as well as three forms of human capital supports (child support, job training, and education). Controlling for a range of background factors and for different patterns of welfare use across the first 5 years, small positive associations with mother's earnings were found for child support, education, and job training. Small positive associations also were found between child support and both math and reading scores. Finally positive associations of medium effect size were found between center care and both mothers' earnings and child PPVT scores. Although effect sizes are generally small, the results suggest the potential value of welfare reform approaches that emphasize long-term human capital development. Interactions between welfare dynamics and support services suggest subgroup differences. Specifically, positive effects of support services on earnings are strongest among mothers with higher levels of human capital (higher levels of work while on welfare, lower total time on welfare). Babysitter care appears to have negative effects on both reading and math scores of children whose mothers report low levels of work while on welfare. Implications for welfare reform policy are discussed. PMID:10368922

Yoshikawa, H

1999-01-01

174

Nutrition support of the postoperative cardiac surgery child.  

PubMed

There may be a correlation in critically ill children between the accuracy of estimated energy requirement and infection, mortality, and length of stay. Historically, energy needs were estimated using predictive equations with stress factor adjustments. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence for indirect calorimetry, predictive equations, and other clinical indicators (ie, patient outcomes) to estimate energy requirements of the postoperative, critically ill, cardiac infant. Consistent with current guidelines, indirect calorimetry provides the best estimate of energy requirements for critically ill children. Predictive equations are unreliable, either over- or underestimate energy requirements, and do not take into account the metabolic changes that occur in the postoperative cardiac infant. To address the changing metabolic state throughout the course of illness, clinicians need to individualize recommendations by implementing frequent indirect calorimetry measurements at bedside. Actual energy delivery to the postoperative cardiac surgery child in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can be further hindered by many procedural and patient barriers. The provision of appropriate caloric requirements may help clinicians correct the metabolic state and promote recovery and anabolism. Therefore, optimizing nutrition intake of the postoperative, cardiac surgical child requires a paradigm shift toward individualized nutrition prescription, in the context of a PICU-specific feeding algorithm. PMID:23921299

Leong, Amanda Y; Field, Catherine J; Larsen, Bodil M

2013-10-01

175

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

2010-01-01

176

Mothers' and fathers' support for child autonomy and early school achievement.  

PubMed

Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions to children's reading and math achievement at Grade 3 (controlling for demographic variables), children's reading and math abilities at 54 months, and children's level of effortful control at 54 months and that these associations would be mediated by the level of and changes over time in children's observed self-reliance in the classroom from Grades 1 through 3. The authors found that mothers' and fathers' support for autonomy were significantly and uniquely associated with children's Grade 3 reading and math achievement with the above controls, but only for boys. For boys, the effect of mothers' support for child autonomy was mediated by higher self-reliance at Grade 1 and of fathers' support for child autonomy by greater increases in self-reliance from Grades 1 through 3. PMID:18605822

2008-07-01

177

Community Notification: Perceptions of Its Effectiveness in Preventing Child Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Megan's law enables law enforcement to notify communities when convicted sex offenders reside in their neighborhoods. Investigates community members', law enforcement officials', and law students' attitudes toward community notification and other child abuse prevention measures. The groups significantly differed in support of Megan's Law and…

Redlich, Allison D.

2001-01-01

178

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STANDARDS FOR...this section, in new or modified court or administrative...the order is entered or modified, petition to include cash medical support in new or modified orders until such...

2010-10-01

179

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STANDARDS FOR...this section, in new or modified court or administrative...the order is entered or modified, petition to include cash medical support in new or modified orders until such...

2011-10-01

180

45 CFR 303.31 - Securing and enforcing medical support obligations.  

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STANDARDS FOR...this section, in new or modified court or administrative...the order is entered or modified, petition to include cash medical support in new or modified orders until such...

2014-10-01

181

The relationship between helplessness and the child's asthma symptoms: the role of social support.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Objectives of this study were to survey parents and children independently regarding feelings of helplessness specific to asthma and to examine the relationship between helplessness and the child's symptom-free days. Methods: Parent-child dyads (children 7-12 years) from Rochester, NY were enrolled (November 2011-August 2012) from general pediatric clinics, pulmonary clinics, an Emergency Department, and area youth and asthma programs. Assessments included demographics, symptoms, ratings of helplessness related to asthma and parent social support. A multivariate linear regression was conducted to examine the relationship between feelings of helplessness and symptoms-free days: post hoc analysis assessed the moderating role of social support. Results: Overall, 107 parent-child dyads enrolled (participation rate: 72%); 104 were included in analysis. Most children were male (58%), 7-9 years (58%) and White (46%). The child's feelings of helplessness scores were positively correlated with symptom-free days indicating less feelings of helplessness as symptom-free days increased (rs?=?0.273, p?=?0.01). In a stratified analysis, among parents who reported minimal social support (<1 sources of support), child's helplessness scores were positively correlated with symptom-free days (rs?=?0.335, p?=?0.02). Conversely, among parents reporting >2 supports, no relationship was found (rs?=?0.195, p?=?0.15). Conclusions: This study found less feelings of helplessness among children with asthma as symptom-free days increased. Social support appears to moderate this relationship; however further studies to confirm these findings are needed. PMID:25212630

Conn, Kelly M; Swanson, Dena; McQuaid, Elizabeth; Douthit, Kathryn; Fisher, Susan G

2014-09-12

182

The Relationship between Family Education and Support Services and Parent and Child Outcomes over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the use of family education and support (FES) services by examining the longitudinal trajectories of FES receipt and multiple domains of child and family functioning. Using an extant data set of more than 9,000 youth and their caregivers, results indicate that families who…

Kutash, Krista; Garraza, Lucas Godoy; Ferron, John M.; Duchnowski, Albert J.; Walrath, Christine; Green, Amy L.

2013-01-01

183

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

184

Why Doesn't She Have a Child Support Order? Personal Choice or Objective Constraint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quantitative analyses were conducted in order to examine maternal characteristics connected to the establishment of a child support order and reasons why some mothers did not have an order. Based on single-mother reports from the Current Population Survey during the 1994-1998 period, results indicated that approximately 36% of mothers eligible for…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Pouncy, Hillard

2005-01-01

185

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

186

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

187

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

188

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

189

[Psychological support in response to a child's cancer].  

PubMed

Martin was five and a half when he was diagnosed with a form of ear, nose and throat cancer. His experience of the disease and its treatment fills him with terror and he has terrible temper tantrums. His parents' experience of the disease is one of isolation and the fear of his death. Psychological support enables each of them to talk about their experience and to re-establish a balance, both on an individual and family level. PMID:24761518

Houllier, Laure

2014-03-01

190

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

191

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

192

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons. PMID:23125472

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

193

Association of child care providers breastfeeding support with breastfeeding duration at 6 months.  

PubMed

Many lactating mothers participate in the workforce and have their infants cared for outside of their home, yet little is known about their child care providers' (CCPs') support of breastfeeding. This study examines the association between CCPs' breastfeeding support as reported by mothers at 3 months and mother's breastfeeding at 6 months. Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal study, followed mothers of infants via mail questionnaires almost monthly from late pregnancy throughout the first year. This study consisted of 183 mothers who breastfed and had their infant in child care at 3 months and answered 5 questions regarding CCPs' supports. Total number of CCPs' support was a summary of responses to individual items and categorized into 3 levels (0-2, 3-4, or 5 total supports). Multiple logistic regressions examined how each breastfeeding support and total number were associated with breastfeeding at 6 months. Breastfeeding at 6 months was significantly associated with CCP support to feed expressed breast milk (AOR = 4.55; 95% CI = 1.09, 18.95) and allow mothers to breastfeed at the child care place before or after work (AOR = 6.23; 95% CI = 1.33, 29.16). Compared to mothers who reported fewer than 3 total supports, mothers who reported 5 supports were 3 times as likely to be breastfeeding at 6 months (AOR = 3.00, 95% CI = 1.11, 8.13). Our findings suggest that CCPs' breastfeeding support at 3 months, particularly feeding expressed breast milk and allowing mothers to breastfeed before or after work, may help mothers maintain breastfeeding at 6 months. PMID:22706997

Batan, Marilyn; Li, Ruowei; Scanlon, Kelley

2013-05-01

194

Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment. PMID:23562083

Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

2013-01-01

195

[Map of the family social support network for the promotion of child development].  

PubMed

This descriptive, qualitative study was performed from September to November 2009, at a Family Health Strategy unit in a city in the metropolitan region of Curitiba-PR. Participants were eight families, represented by mothers, fathers and grandmothers. The study objective was to identify the family social support network for the promotion of child development, from the family's perspective. Data were collected through focal groups and subjected to content analysis. The family social support network was classified as located, consisting of 16 members distributed between the informal and formal network, established by close relationships, with a smaller level of commitment, and occasional. It is considered that the health workers' understanding regarding the role and importance of this network favors the networking proposal between members that contribute to supporting families in the promotion of child development. PMID:22576528

Alexandre, Ana Maria Cosvoski; Labronici, Liliana Maria; Maftum, Mariluci Alves; Mazza, Verônica de Azevedo

2012-04-01

196

Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother-Adult Child Relations.  

PubMed

Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother-child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers' perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers' reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers' perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J Jill; Howard, Abigail R; Pillemer, Karl

2014-04-01

197

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...social security number of any child for whom the order requires...October 1, 1998, (or for the child data, not later than October...alternative names; (vii) Sex (optional); (viii) Date...non-custodial parent, putative father, child); (x) Family...

2010-10-01

198

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...social security number of any child for whom the order requires...October 1, 1998, (or for the child data, not later than October...alternative names; (vii) Sex (optional); (viii) Date...non-custodial parent, putative father, child); (x) Family...

2012-10-01

199

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

...social security number of any child for whom the order requires...October 1, 1998, (or for the child data, not later than October...alternative names; (vii) Sex (optional); (viii) Date...non-custodial parent, putative father, child); (x) Family...

2014-10-01

200

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...social security number of any child for whom the order requires...October 1, 1998, (or for the child data, not later than October...alternative names; (vii) Sex (optional); (viii) Date...non-custodial parent, putative father, child); (x) Family...

2011-10-01

201

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...social security number of any child for whom the order requires...October 1, 1998, (or for the child data, not later than October...alternative names; (vii) Sex (optional); (viii) Date...non-custodial parent, putative father, child); (x) Family...

2013-10-01

202

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

203

The Relationship Between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

PubMed Central

Background In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results Multiple regression analyses revealed that parenting support during the early childhood period (i.e., advice on problems specific to their child and assistance with child care responsibilities), irrespective of source, consistently predicted most dimensions of parent stress assessed during the early elementary years and contributed unique variance. General support (i.e., primarily emotional support and validation) from various sources had other, less widespread effects on parental stress. Conclusions The multi-dimensional perspective of the construct of social support that emerged suggested mechanisms mediating the relationship between support and stress and provided a framework for intervention. PMID:18507703

Guralnick, Michael J.; Hammond, Mary A.; Neville, Brian; Connor, Robert T.

2008-01-01

204

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2012-10-01

205

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2013-10-01

206

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2010-10-01

207

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2011-10-01

208

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2014-10-01

209

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

210

Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

211

Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-01-01

212

Child Support in the United States: An Uncertain and Irregular Income Source? Discussion Paper No. 1298-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all developed countries, single-parent families are particularly vulnerable to poverty. In contrast to many European countries that provide some guaranteed income support for children, the United States has emphasized private responsibility, increasingly requiring child support from the other parent. The reliance on a private approach raises…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2005-01-01

213

The Relationship between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods: Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results: Multiple…

Guralnick, M. J.; Hammond, M. A.; Neville, B.; Connor, R. T.

2008-01-01

214

Support System of Health Professionals as Observed in the Project of Home Care For the Child With Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data acquired in personal interviews administered to physicians and nurses who participated in the first year of the Home Care for the Child with Cancer project provided descriptions of individual sources of social support. The results reveal a range of supportive mechanisms and networks within varied institutional contexts. (Author)

Gronseth, Evangeline; And Others

1981-01-01

215

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What procedures exist to ensure cooperation...SERVICES OTHER ACCOUNTABILITY PROVISIONS What Specific Rules Apply for Other Program Penalties? § 264.30 What procedures exist to ensure...

2012-10-01

216

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

217

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

218

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior,…

Erich, Stephen; Leung, Patrick; Kindle, Peter; Carter, Sharon

2005-01-01

219

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

220

Special Issues in Child Care: Supporting Infants Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants and children with prenatal drug exposure and/or a caregiver with a substance abuse problem participate in child care centers and homes throughout the United States. Thus, child care providers are in a position to monitor not only the need for physical, cognitive, or behavioral early intervention, but also to collaborate with parents on…

Welch, Ginger L.; Mullins, Sharon M.

2007-01-01

221

The Role of Protestant Children's Homes in Nineteenth-Century Ontario: Child Rescue or Family Support?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Children's Protection Act of 1893 introduced Ontario's first full-fledged child protection scheme. However, for half a century, children's homes had been helping disadvantaged children, and they played a key role in the evolution of an empathetic child-protection system. During the course of the nineteenth century, the provincial government had increasingly accepted responsibility for disadvantaged children and had developed legislative

Charlotte Neff

2009-01-01

222

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

223

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

224

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... the Policy Statement > What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

225

Taking care of the "good guys:" a trauma center-based model of medical support for tactical law enforcement.  

PubMed

The potential need for rapid medical intervention and access to a trauma center after major injury is crucial to the safety and success of SWAT team operations. This manuscript describes the genesis and development of a unique model for which advanced medical care is rendered by trained health care professionals within a regional trauma system in the support of a SWAT team. The model was developed jointly by the Newark, New Jersey, Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and The New Jersey Trauma Center-University Hospital, an academic, urban Level I trauma center. After the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the two agencies in 1995, the program became operational. The medical team is composed of physicians, nurses, and paramedics. Since inception, the medical team has provided medical support for 33 tactical missions and 99 training days. Ten patients were treated: 7 agents (syncope, fractured foot, blunt head/neck trauma, lacerations), 2 bystanders (chest pain, asthma), and 1 suspect (chest pain). The advantages of the Newark model in contrast to other programs of tactical medical support, are the operational activities of the team and the cost of the program was outlined. PMID:10647577

Lavery, R F; Adis, M D; Doran, J V; Corrice, M A; Tortella, B J; Livingston, D H

2000-01-01

226

The sexually exploited child.  

PubMed

Sexual exploitation of children (under 14 years of age) is a common occurrence, although actual numbers are unknown. There are three major forms of sexual abuse: (1) incest, ie, sexual activity between consanguineous family members; (2) sexual assault, such as rape or molestation by adults not related to the child; and (3) habitual sexual exploitation for purposes of financial reward or perverse sexual satisfaction. Brother-sister incest has the highest incidence in the middle and upper socioeconomic levels and is probably the least damaging, psychologically, to sexual adjustment later in life. Father-daughter incest is more common in the lower socioeconomic levels and is thought to produce major disorders in the psychosexual area. Sexual assault of children, if handled supportively and with understanding by the surrounding adults, including parents, physicians, teachers, law enforcement officers, and others, can result in minimal sequelae; however, often the situation is handled with emotional reactions ranging from disgust to hysteria which result in the child's being victimized and traumatized unnecessarily. These latter situations lead to sexual acting-out in adolescence, promiscuity, perversions, or frigidity in adult sexual life. Teachers, physicians, and child welfare workers need to be attuned to the possibility to sexual abuse in the children they serve. PMID:941049

Weeks, R B

1976-07-01

227

Developing Internet Communication and Peer Support in a Statewide Child Care Community for Participants in a Child Development Associate (CDA) Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation project was designed to improve communication systems among child care providers previously and currently enrolled in a statewide Child Development Associate (CDA) training program as a pilot project to promote communication among the statewide child care community as a whole. Communications systems within the CDA…

Stahl, Steven

228

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

229

Caregiving in the Philippines: a quantitative survey on adult-child caregivers' perceptions of burden, stressors, and social support.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe the present caregiving situation of Filipino adult-child caregivers (CGs) particularly aiming to identify the predictors of CG burden and to assess the effect of social support on stressors and perception of burden. A cross-sectional survey employing face-to-face interviews with 193 adult-child CGs in Davao City, Philippines, measured the perception of burden using the Cost of Care Index (CCI) by Kosberg and Cairl. Results indicated the majority were daughter CGs living with their elderly parents, who were receiving high levels of informal social support. A moderate to high level of burden perception (mean+/-S.D. score of 47.0+/-9.1) was found among respondents. CGs with higher educational attainment showed low burden perception. However, higher family income and higher State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) anxiety scores were associated with higher burden perception. Also, longer caregiving hours, a male care recipient (CR), and the presence of CR's memory and behavior problems predicted higher CG burden. The interaction between stressors and perceived burden showed that social support provided a buffering effect for CGs experiencing higher burden perception. This suggests that respite and support resources including community-based counseling and education programs to assist CGs in dealing with stress may positively contribute to reduce burden. PMID:16982103

Varona, Rachel; Saito, Tami; Takahashi, Miyako; Kai, Ichiro

2007-01-01

230

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties...LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other...

2010-04-01

231

Parental Denial: A Supportive and Productive Mechanism Following Traumatic Brain Injury of a Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although denial is usually viewed as a mechanism which impedes a family's adjusting to a child's permanent disability, the mechanism may also be viewed as a family ally which contributes to recovery and positive outcomes in brain-injured children. This paper reviews several types of denial seen in clinical settings and provides examples of both…

Williams, Dennis

232

Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79  

E-print Network

, a sprawling network with nearly 23,000 workers that directly serves or subsidizes care for 200,000 children on safety, sanitation, and general compliance with DoD rules. The second is accreditation by nationally is a hiring policy that sets educational and other requirements for child- care workers, and the fourth

Rowley, Clarence W.

233

Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

Yates, Tweety

2011-01-01

234

Teachers' Views on No Child Left Behind: Support for the Principles, Concerns about the Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe teachers' views of the behavioral responses the No Child Left Behind legislation has elicited and the extent to which research reveals evidence of these responses and their effects on the distribution of student achievement. We focus on teachers' reactions to three aspects of NCLB that are particularly relevant to them: 1) the testing requirements and

Richard J. Murnane; John P. Papay

2010-01-01

235

Coping and support effects on mothers' stress responses to their child's hematopoietic stem cell transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is used as a treatment for cancer or nonmalignant hematological disorders in children. Little information is known about how an HSCT affects the mothers of these patients. The purposes of this repeated measures study were to examine the stress responses of mothers at four times during their child's hospitalization for an HSCT and to

Audrey E Nelson; Margaret Shandor Miles; Michael J Belyea

1997-01-01

236

Parenting, Parental Mental Health, and Child Functioning in Families Residing in Supportive Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term homelessness is associated with other psychosocial risk factors (e.g., adult mental illness, substance abuse, and exposure to violence). All of these factors are associated with impairments in parenting effectiveness and child adjustment, but there are very limited data investigating parenting among families who are homeless and highly mobile. In particular, there is no literature examining the relationships among observed

Abigail H. Gewirtz; David S. DeGarmo; Elizabeth J. Plowman; Gerald August; George Realmuto

2010-01-01

237

Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

2013-01-01

238

Child marriage in Bangladesh: trends and determinants.  

PubMed

This study examines the trends and determinants of child marriage among women aged 20-49 in Bangladesh. Data were extracted from the last six nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys conducted during 1993-2011. Simple cross-tabulation and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were adopted. According to the survey conducted in 2011, more than 75% of marriages can be categorized as child marriages. This is a decline of 10 percentage points in the prevalence of child marriage compared with the survey conducted in 1993-1994. Despite some improvements in education and other socioeconomic indicators, Bangladeshi society still faces the relentless practice of early marriage. The mean age at first marriage has increased by only 1.4 years over the last one and half decades, from 14.3 years in 1993-1994 to 15.7 years in 2011. Although the situation on risk of child marriage has improved over time, the pace is sluggish. Both the year-of-birth and year-of-marriage cohorts of women suggest that the likelihood of marrying as a child has decreased significantly in recent years. The risk of child marriage was significantly higher when husbands had no formal education or little education, and when the wives were unemployed or unskilled workers. Muslim women living in rural areas have a greater risk of child marriage. Women's education level was the single most significant negative determinant of child marriage. Thus, the variables identified as important determinants of child marriage are: education of women and their husbands, and women's occupation, place of residence and religion. Programmes to help and motivate girls to stay in school will not only reduce early marriage but will also support overall societal development. The rigid enforcement of the legal minimum age at first marriage could be critical in decreasing child marriage. PMID:24480489

Kamal, S M Mostafa; Hassan, Che Hashim; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Ying, Yang

2015-01-01

239

Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

1988-05-01

240

Dollars and Sense: Improving the Determination of Child Support Obligations for Low-Income Mothers, Fathers and Children. Reaching Common Ground.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Ground Project brings together individuals who work with low-income mothers and fathers to develop and advance public policy recommendations on child support and interrelated welfare and family law issues that promote effective co-parenting relationships and ensure emotional and financial support for children. This report grew out of a…

Entmacher, Joan

241

Child Support Grant access and receipt among 12-week-old infants in an urban township setting in South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Cash transfers (CTs) are increasingly used as a strategy to alleviate poverty and improve child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. The Child Support Grant (CSG) is the largest CT programme in South Africa, and on the continent, targeting poor children from birth until the age of 18 with a monthly sum of R300 (USD30). Evidence on the CSG shows that early receipt of the grant is associated with improved child health outcomes. Since its implementation, one of the major concerns about the grant has been take-up rates, particularly for younger children. This paper reports results on take-up rates for 12-week-old infants residing in an urban township in South Africa. Methods This is a descriptive study utilising data from a community-based, cluster-randomised trial which evaluated a programme providing pregnancy and post-natal home visits by community health workers to 3,494 mothers in Umlazi township, South Africa. Results At the 12-week visit, half (52%) of the mothers who had enrolled in the study had applied for the CSG on behalf of their children, while 85% of the mothers who had not applied were still planning to apply. Only 38% (1,327) of all children had received the CSG. Conclusions In this study, many mothers had not applied for the CSG in the first few months after delivery, and only a third of children had accessed the grant. Further research is needed to understand what the current barriers are that prevent mothers from applying for this important form of social protection in the early months after delivery. PMID:25160516

Zembe-Mkabile, Wanga; Doherty, Tanya; Sanders, David; Jackson, Debra

2014-01-01

242

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

243

Fostering Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Wang, Lijuan; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

244

Mothers' Emotions and Behavioral Support during Interactions with Toddlers: The Role of Child Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines mothers' support for children's interests and, specifically, emotional processes in mothers that may explain why they display different levels of support with children of different temperaments. We observed 114 mothers and their 14-27 month-old children during a laboratory interaction. Mothers rated children on three…

Bryan, Amy E.; Dix, Theodore

2009-01-01

245

Parent-Child Interaction among Latina Adolescent Mothers: The Role of Family and Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina adolescent mothers were videotaped at home interacting with their children and interviewed regarding their social support. Consistent with existing models, mothers who reported greater overall social support were more expressive across three observation tasks and more sensitive during unstructured play; in contrast, specific aspects of…

Contreras, Josefina M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Diener, Marissa L.; Brunson, Liesette

1999-01-01

246

Law enforcement’s response to crime reporting by people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and thirty three US law enforcement departments completed a survey about protocols used to serve crime victims with disabilities, such as asking about and providing accommodations and recording disability and accommodation information. Most departments did not have these protocols and service and community based barriers were indicated. Cross-training and co-advocacy between law enforcement and disability agencies were supported.

Mary Oschwald; Mary Ann Curry; Rosemary B. Hughes; Anne Arthur; Laurie E. Powers

2011-01-01

247

Support Guidelines.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

248

Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

Wood, James

2011-01-01

249

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

250

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child With Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the efficacy, social validity, and durability of a positive behav- ior support (PBS) approach with the family of a girl with autism and severe problem behavior. The study was conducted across a 10-year period beginning when the child was 5 years old. A multiple baseline across family routines design evaluated the functional relationship between parent implementation of

Joseph M. Lucyshyn; Richard W. Albin; Robert H. Horner; Jane C. Mann; James A. Mann; Gina Wadsworth

2007-01-01

251

Implementation of a Culturally Appropriate Positive Behavior Support Plan with a Japanese Mother of a Child with Autism: An Experimental and Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate a family-centered approach to positive behavior support (PBS) that was designed to be culturally responsive to families of diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds. A Japanese mother and a child with autism were the primary participants. Multiple research methods were used. A…

Cheremshynski, Christy; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Olson, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

252

The Impact of Child, Family, and Professional Support Characteristics on the Quality of Life in Families of Young Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families of young children with disabilities are faced with ongoing challenges that impact various aspects of family life. Given the increasing emphasis on promoting positive outcomes in these families, the overall aim of the current study was to examine the contribution of child, family, and support characteristics to the quality of…

Davis, Kate; Gavidia-Payne, Susana

2009-01-01

253

Implementing Child Care in the Family Support Act. Family Impact Seminar (Washington, D.C., May 18, 1990). Meeting Highlights and Background Briefing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of family impact seminars, the meeting described in this document was held to discuss the child care provisions of the Family Support Act (FSA). This document provides highlights of the seminar and a background briefing report prepared before the meeting. The highlights section summarizes presentations by the seminar's four…

Ooms, Theodora; Herendeen, Lisa

254

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

255

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

256

Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

2006-01-01

257

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

258

The false enforcement of unpopular norms.  

PubMed

Prevailing theory assumes that people enforce norms in order to pressure others to act in ways that they approve. Yet there are numerous examples of "unpopular norms" in which people compel each other to do things that they privately disapprove. While peer sanctioning suggests a ready explanation for why people conform to unpopular norms, it is harder to understand why they would enforce a norm they privately oppose. The authors argue that people enforce unpopular norms to show that they have complied out of genuine conviction and not because of social pressure. They use laboratory experiments to demonstrate this "false enforcement" in the context of a wine tasting and an academic text evaluation. Both studies find that participants who conformed to a norm due to social pressure then falsely enforced the norm by publicly criticizing a lone deviant. A third study shows that enforcement of a norm effectively signals the enforcer's genuine support for the norm. These results demonstrate the potential for a vicious cycle in which perceived pressures to conform to and falsely enforce an unpopular norm reinforce one another. PMID:20614762

Willer, Robb; Kuwabara, Ko; Macy, Michael W

2009-09-01

259

Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Inattentive Behavior in a Japanese Regular Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nondisruptive problem behaviors exist to a large extent in group-oriented Japanese regular classrooms. However, many children remain untreated. We implemented an antecedent-based functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and developed a behavioral support program for a first-grade boy who exhibited inattentive behavior in a Japanese regular…

Baba, Chiharu; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2011-01-01

260

What Does Your Child Really Know? Supporting Teachers to Listen Closely to Our Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Close listening and observation of children as an alternative assessment is a powerful approach that can help balance an emphasis on standardized measurement. The tool of Reggio-inspired documentation is described for families with suggestions on how to advocate and support teachers who want to tell a story about children's learning that…

Cox Suárez, Stephanie

2014-01-01

261

The structure and content of online child exploitation networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the Internet has provided people with the ability to find and communicate with others of common interests. Unfortunately, those involved in the practices of child exploitation have also received the same benefits. Although law enforcement continues its efforts to shut down websites dedicated to child exploitation, the problem remains uncurbed. Despite this, law enforcement has yet to

Richard Frank; Bryce Westlake; Martin Bouchard

2010-01-01

262

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

263

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

U.S. Department of Justice

264

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

265

Enforceable security policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A precise characterization is given for the class of security policies enforceable with mechanisms that work by monitoring system execution, and automata are introduced for specifying exactly that class of security policies. Techniques to enforce security policies specified by such automata are also discussed.

Fred B. Schneider

2000-01-01

266

Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law…

Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

267

Urban Street Gang Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies to enhance prosecution of gang-related crimes are presented, with a focus on enforcement and prosecution targeting urban street gangs. The model programs introduced offer strategies largely based on the practical experiences of agencies that participated in a demonstration program, the Urban Street Gang Drug Trafficking Enforcement

Institute for Law and Justice, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

268

6/16/13 Researchers develop new tool to fight child porn -Times Of India articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 1/2  

E-print Network

-06-06/computing/39787435_1_researchers-law-enforcement-personal-data 2/2 7 Day flat belly diet plan 5 Steps Diabetes diet for Indians Power diet for quick weight loss Fung said that, "out of all the types

Fung, Benjamin C. M.

269

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

270

Capacity of frontline ICDS functionaries to support caregivers on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Gujarat, India.  

PubMed

Improved infant and young child feeding practices have the potential to improve child growth and development outcomes in India. Anganwadi Workers, the frontline government functionaries of the national nutrition supplementation programme in India, play a vital role in promoting infant and young child feeding practices in the community. The present study assessed the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge of infant and young child feeding practices, and their ability to counsel and influence caregivers regarding these practices. Eighty Anganwadi Workers from four districts of Gujarat participated in assessment centres designed to evaluate a range of competencies considered necessary for the successful promotion of infant and young child feeding practices. The results of the evaluation showed the Anganwadi Workers possessing more knowledge about infant and young child feeding practices like initiation of breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and colostrum, age of introduction of complementary foods, portion size and feeding frequency than about domains which appear to have a direct bearing on practices. A huge contrast existed between the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge and their ability to apply this in formal counselling sessions with caregivers. Inability to empathetically engage with caregivers, disregard for taking the feeding history of children, poor active listening skills and inability to provide need-based advice were pervasive during counselling. In conclusion, to ensure enhanced interaction between the Anganwadi Workers and caregivers on infant and young child feeding practices, a paradigm shift in training is required, making communication processes and counselling skills central to the training. PMID:25384724

Chaturvedi, Anuraag; Nakkeeran, N; Doshi, Minal; Patel, Ruchi; Bhagwat, Sadhana

2014-11-01

271

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment. PMID:20885797

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

272

Citizen Submissions on Enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization that addresses "regional environmental concerns, help[s] prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts, and . . . promote[s] the effective enforcement of environmental law." To that end, CEC maintains this interesting registry of citizen submissions on environmental enforcement matters. At the registry, updates on outstanding submissions are posted, as well as any new submissions. For those interested in tracking real legislative processes related to environmental enforcement, this is an interesting site with international implications.

273

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

274

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays...LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12...what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who...

2010-04-01

275

76 FR 24410 - Financial Crimes Enforcement Network; Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGENCY: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network...become a matter of public record. Therefore, you...d) Retention of records. A bank shall maintain...original or any business record equivalent of any supporting...Director, Financial Crimes Enforcement...

2011-05-02

276

The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling  

E-print Network

Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

Edmonds, Eric V

277

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

278

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

279

Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

2008-01-01

280

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

281

Child Protection and Justice Systems Processing of Serious Child Abuse and Neglect Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the trajectory of cases through four systems: child protection, law enforcement, the dependency courts, and the criminal courts. Method: This study focused on a county selected from a 41-county telephone survey conducted for the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-3). For this…

Sedlak, Andrea J.; Schultz, Dana; Wells, Susan J.; Lyons, Peter; Doueck, Howard J.; Gragg, Frances

2006-01-01

282

De novo deletion of TBL1XR1 in a child with non-specific developmental delay supports its implication in intellectual disability.  

PubMed

We report on a 6-year-old child with a de novo 1.6 Mb deletion in the 3q26.31q26.32 region identified by SNP array, involving only one relevant gene: TBL1XR1. The girl shows non-specific, mild to moderate intellectual deficiency but no autistic behavior. Point mutations in TBL1XR1 have recently been implicated in three patients with intellectual disability (ID) and autistic features. Our report supports that haploinsufficiency for TBL1XR1 could be implicated in non-ASD autosomal dominant ID. PMID:24891185

Tabet, Anne-Claude; Leroy, Camille; Dupont, Céline; Serrano, Emilie; Hernandez, Karen; Gallard, Jennifer; Pouvreau, Nathalie; Gadisseux, Jean-François; Benzacken, Brigitte; Verloes, Alain

2014-09-01

283

Measuring Child Care Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care quality is not a single dimension, but rather a multidimensional characteristic of programs that support the family in its child-rearing role and programs in which children thrive developmentally, socially, cognitively, physically, and emotionally. At the regulatory and accreditation level, approaches to quality focus on group size,…

Fiene, Richard

284

Remote, wireless stakeout surveillance for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inflation combined with the added burden of homeland security requirements, is increasing pressure on local law enforcement budgets and manpower resources. The problem is: how can law enforcement agencies fulfill all of their requirements? How can they respond to these requirements, including homeland security, with limited manpower? Civil Rights considerations also place constraints on law enforcement. One possible solution is the Remote Law Enforcement Surveillance System (RLESS) concept. RLESS makes more efficient use of existing manpower while avoiding infringement on civil liberties. RLESS provides the capability for unattended stakeout and surveillance. Many stakeout or surveillance operations are conducted by vice, homicide, organized crime or other task forces. Lasting from days to weeks. Many large drug stings last months involving many persons of interest. A single surveillance mission usually involves a minimum of two persons X 3 shifts per day conducting active observation, equating to 48 man-hours per day. Their tasks include watching, listening, and documenting with photography. Recent military developments have included new technologies and techniques that enable remote unattended observation of areas or points of interest. This capability is now available to support law enforcement stakeouts, thereby significantly minimizes the stresses on manpower.

Ford, Mike; Klein, Allen; Smith, Stan; Jones, John Paul

2005-05-01

285

Enforcing pollution control laws  

SciTech Connect

The heightened environmental consciousness of the 1970s prompted passage of a multitude of ambitious and unprecedented laws designed to clean up the environment and protect it for future generations. But beyond the mere passing of laws lay the difficult tasks of implementing, monitoring, and enforcing them. The authors of this book describe the current state of air and water pollution monitoring and enforcement activity a decade later, within the context of relevant legal, technological, and statistical developments. They mediate between the concerns of the theoretical literature-where it is generally assumed that violations are discovered and punished-and the real world-where violations are rarely discovered and almost never punished. Monitoring and enforcement procedures to date have been aimed at achieving initial rather than continuing compliance with regulations. The authors contend that it is time for a new approach focusing on the enduring problems of compliance. Economic models are used to show the extent of the difficulties involved in monitoring and enforcing pollution control laws on a continuous basis.

Russell, C.S.; Harrington, W.; Vaughan, W.J.

1986-01-01

286

Lectures on Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three lectures on law enforcement are presented that were prepared for study purposes at Johnson County Community College. The first lecture examines the fundamental ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and discusses their influence on the American Revolution, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Major provisions of the Bill of…

Nettleship, Lois

287

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws...LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Authority and Jurisdiction... Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal...

2010-04-01

288

Women, Work and Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

Mercer, Elizabeth

289

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

290

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics. A NIBRS Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, law enforcement and policymakers had few hard data on the child victims of sexual abuse, offenders, and other characteristics of these crimes on which to base a response. The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), capturing a wide range of information on each sexual assault incident reported to law enforcement, can…

Snyder, Howard N.

291

28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...foreign countries, should consider referrals to local law enforcement or service providers in the host country, but only if the local host country conditions support such actions. (c) Federal law enforcement officials. Federal law...

2010-07-01

292

Enforcement handbook: Enforcement of DOE nuclear safety requirements  

SciTech Connect

This Handbook provides detailed guidance and procedures to implement the General Statement of DOE Enforcement Policy (Enforcement Policy or Policy). A copy of this Enforcement Policy is included for ready reference in Appendix D. The guidance provided in this Handbook is qualified, however, by the admonishment to exercise discretion in determining the proper disposition of each potential enforcement action. As discussed in subsequent chapters, the Enforcement and Investigation Staff will apply a number of factors in assessing each potential enforcement situation. Enforcement sanctions are imposed in accordance with the Enforcement Policy for the purpose of promoting public and worker health and safety in the performance of activities at DOE facilities by DOE contractors (and their subcontractors and suppliers) who are indemnified under the Price-Anderson Amendments Act. These indemnified contractors, and their suppliers and subcontractors, will be referred to in this Handbook collectively as DOE contractors. It should be remembered that the purpose of the Department`s enforcement policy is to improve nuclear safety for the workers and the public, and this goal should be the prime consideration in exercising enforcement discretion.

NONE

1995-06-01

293

Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

Office of Child Care, 2011

2011-01-01

294

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

295

Web-Based eHealth to Support Counseling in Routine Well-Child Care: Pilot Study of E-health4Uth Home Safety  

PubMed Central

Background Providing safety education to parents of young children is important in the prevention of unintentional injuries in or around the home. We developed a Web-based, tailored safety advice module to support face-to-face counseling in the setting of preventive youth health care (E-health4Uth home safety) in order to improve the provision of safety information for parents of young children. Objective This pilot study evaluated a Web-based, tailored safety advice module (E-health4Uth home safety) and evaluated the use of E-health4Uth home safety to support counseling in routine well-child care visits. Methods From a preventive youth health care center, 312 parents with a child aged 10-31 months were assigned to the E-health4Uth home safety condition or to the care-as-usual condition (provision of a generic safety information leaflet). All parents completed a questionnaire either via the Internet or paper-and-pencil, and parents in the E-health4Uth condition received tailored home safety advice either online or by a print that was mailed to their home. This tailored home safety advice was used to discuss the safety of their home during the next scheduled well-child visit. Parents in the care-as-usual condition received a generic safety information leaflet during the well-child visit. Results Mean age of the parents was 32.5 years (SD 5.4), 87.8% (274/312) of participants were mothers; mean age of the children was 16.9 months (SD 5.1). In the E-health4Uth condition, 38.4% (61/159) completed the online version of the questionnaire (allowing Web-based tailored safety advice), 61.6% (98/159) preferred to complete the questionnaire via paper (allowing only a hardcopy of the advice to be sent by regular mail). Parents in the E-health4Uth condition evaluated the Web-based, tailored safety advice (n=61) as easy to use (mean 4.5, SD 0.7), pleasant (mean 4.0, SD 0.9), reliable (mean 4.6, SD 0.6), understandable (mean 4.6, SD 0.5), relevant (mean 4.2, SD 0.9), and useful (mean 4.3, SD 0.8). After the well-child visit, no significant differences were found between the E-health4Uth condition and care-as-usual condition with regard to the satisfaction with the information received (n=61, P=.51). Health care professionals (n=43) rated the tailored safety advice as adequate (mean 4.0, SD 0.4) and useful (mean 3.9, SD 0.4). Conclusions Less than half of the parents accepted the invitation to complete a Web-based questionnaire to receive online tailored safety advice prior to a face-to-face consultation. Despite wide access to the Internet, most parents preferred to complete questionnaires using paper-and-pencil. In the subgroup that completed E-health4Uth home safety online, evaluations of E-health4Uth home safety were positive. However, satisfaction scores with regard to tailored safety advice were not different from those with regard to generic safety information leaflets. PMID:23611794

Vogel, Ineke; Beirens, Tinneke Monique Jozef; Kloek, Gitte Caroline; den Hertog, Paul; van der Veen, Monique Désirée; Raat, Hein

2013-01-01

296

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

297

Nursing practice and statutory rape. Effects of reporting and enforcement on access to care for adolescents.  

PubMed

Changes over the past decade in statutory rape laws and their enforcement have created anxiety and confusion for nurses and other health care providers in jurisdictions across the country. Mandated reporting of statutory rape as child abuse potentially has the unsought effect of deterring some of the adolescents most in need of confidential health care from seeking that care. Knowledge and advocacy on the part of nurses can help mitigate the harms of overly inclusive reporting and enforcement. PMID:12449001

Teare, Catherine; English, Abigail

2002-09-01

298

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2010-04-01

299

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2011-04-01

300

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2012-04-01

301

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

302

Making Work Pay: How To Design and Implement Financial Work Supports To Improve Family and Child Well-Being and Reduce Poverty. How-To Guide: Technical Assistance for States and Localities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to design and implement financial work supports in order to improve family and child well-being. The information provided draws heavily from the study of these three programs that increased employment and earnings while improving employment stability, boosting income, and reducing poverty: Minnesota Family Investment…

Greenberger, Debbie; Anselmi, Robert

303

For more information, contact your child's school or the SHARE office @ 607607607---763763763---337933793379 SHARESHARESHARE is a school-based project supported by Broome-Tioga BOCES, Binghamton University, and Lourdes Youth Services.  

E-print Network

---763763763---337933793379 SHARESHARESHARE is a school-based project supported by Broome-Tioga BOCES, Binghamton University, and LourdesFor more information, contact your child's school or the SHARE office @ 607607607 Youth Services. The SHARESHARESHARE Project is a federally funded program in Broome County designed

Suzuki, Masatsugu

304

The Efficacy of Supported Treadmill Ambulation Training to Improve Gait in a Child with a Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the number one killer of young adults in the United States. For the patient with a traumatic brain injury, the primary objective of physical therapy is to facilitate functional, physical independence. When a patient is nonambulatory or dependent in ambulation, a body weight support system may enable him or her to engage in task-specific

Mike Binet; Brian Murphy

2003-01-01

305

Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present VALET, a Visual Analytics Law Enforcement Toolkit for analyzing spatiotemporal law enforcement data. VALET provides users with a suite of analytical tools coupled with an interactive visual interface for data exploration and analysis. This system includes linked views and interactive displays that spatiotemporally model criminal, traffic and civil (CTC) incidents and allows officials to observe patterns and quickly

Abish Malik; Ross Maciejewski; Timothy F. Collins; David S. Ebert

2010-01-01

306

Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the nature of law enforcement services provided on campuses in the context of the Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act, the U.S. Department of Justice surveyed four-year institutions of higher education in the United States with 2,500 or more students. This report presents data collected from nearly 600 campus law enforcement

Reaves, Brian A.; Goldberg, Andrew L.

307

Enforcement Problems and Secondary Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a large and growing literature that studies the effects of weak enforcement institutions on economic performance. This literature has focused almost exclusively on primary markets, in which assets are issued and traded to improve the allocation of investment and consumption. The general conclusion is that weak enforcement institutions impair the workings of these markets, giving rise to various

Fernando A. Broner; Alberto Martin; Jaume Venturay

2008-01-01

308

Enforcing Alcohol Policies on College Campuses: Reports from College Enforcement Officials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed alcohol enforcement practices at 343 U.S. colleges via surveys of directors of campus law enforcement. We measured types and frequency of enforcement and barriers to enforcement. We found that 61% of colleges indicated nearly always proactively enforcing alcohol policies, with most frequent enforcement at intercollegiate sporting…

Toomey, Traci L.; Miazga, Mark J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Winters, Ken C.; Nelson, Toben F.

2011-01-01

309

45 CFR 303.20 - Minimum organizational and staffing requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...plan. (4) Requests to the DHHS Office of Child Support Enforcement for use of the Federal Parent...

2010-10-01

310

45 CFR 309.10 - Who is eligible to apply for and receive Federal funding to operate a Tribal IV-D program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal...

2010-10-01

311

45 CFR 302.35 - State parent locator service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...setting the amount of, modifying, or enforcing child support obligations; (ii) Attests that any...

2010-10-01

312

45 CFR 303.70 - Requests by the State Parent Locator Service (SPLS) for information from the Federal Parent...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...setting the amount of, modifying, or enforcing child support obligations, or for determining who has or...

2010-10-01

313

45 CFR 301.1 - General definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN... Director means the Director, Office of Child Support Enforcement, who is the Secretary's...

2010-10-01

314

45 CFR 309.05 - What definitions apply to this part?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D) PROGRAM Tribal...

2010-10-01

315

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

316

Parental Vaccine Beliefs and Child's School Type  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school system plays an important role in a child's vaccination status, whether by directly offering immunization services, maintaining immunization records, or providing an incentive for up-to-date immunizations through the enforcement of school entry laws. Within the American educational system, however, children do not all attend the same…

Kennedy, Allison M.; Gust, Deborah A.

2005-01-01

317

Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published jointly by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this document presents information drawn from a nationally representative sample of state prisoners and from existing homicide data assembled by law enforcement agencies. It sheds new light on the most serious types of child abuse and…

Greenfield, Lawrence A.

318

Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support  

PubMed Central

The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs. PMID:20423545

Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

2014-01-01

319

50 CFR 216.8 - Enforcement officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.8 Enforcement officers. Enforcement...

2010-10-01

320

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

321

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural...the employee was contributing to the child's support when either: (a) A spouse's...

2010-04-01

322

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

323

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes. PMID:23755137

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean François; Taziwa, Fabian; Viñoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

324

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

2013-04-01

325

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... true Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

2012-04-01

326

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

2011-04-01

327

25 CFR 12.62 - Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it?  

...false Who decides what uniform an Indian country law enforcement officer can wear and who pays for it...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.62...

2014-04-01

328

Hydrologic enforcement of lidar DEMs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Hydrologic-enforcement (hydro-enforcement) of light detection and ranging (lidar)-derived digital elevation models (DEMs) modifies the elevations of artificial impediments (such as road fills or railroad grades) to simulate how man-made drainage structures such as culverts or bridges allow continuous downslope flow. Lidar-derived DEMs contain an extremely high level of topographic detail; thus, hydro-enforced lidar-derived DEMs are essential to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for complex modeling of riverine flow. The USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) is integrating hydro-enforced lidar-derived DEMs (land elevation) and lidar-derived bathymetry (water depth) to enhance storm surge modeling in vulnerable coastal zones.

Poppenga, Sandra K.; Worstell, Bruce B.; Danielson, Jeffrey J.; Brock, John C.; Evans, Gayla A.; Heidemann, H. Karl

2014-01-01

329

76 FR 80847 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 RIN 3141-AA50...Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Notice...is clear and convincing evidence that a gaming operation defrauds a tribe. The...

2011-12-27

330

77 FR 47517 - Enforcement Actions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement Actions AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission. ACTION: Final rule...SUMMARY: The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC or Commission)...

2012-08-09

331

Employer Child Care Consultant Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 18 firms listed in zip code order in this directory offer consulting services on employer-supported child care to employers and communities. Inclusion in the directory does not imply an endorsement from "Child Care Information Exchange." Examples of consultants listed include Bright Horizons Family Solutions, ChildrenFirst, and New Horizon…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1999

1999-01-01

332

Protecting the child.  

PubMed

The 1991 African charter and the 1990 UN convention on the rights of the child have had an impact on efforts by Nigeria to legally protect the welfare of children. The African Charter and the international community are particularly concerned about legally protecting the best interests of children accused or found guilty of breaking the law: recognizing a legal age of responsibility for infringements of the penal code, separating a child, deprived of liberty from imprisoned adults when it is in the child's interests, and applying separate laws, procedures, authorities, and institutions for children. The African charter also seeks to shield children from environmental adversity and exploitation in employment or jobs that interfere with health and formal education. It is illegal to use children for begging, to abduct children, or to traffic in the sale of children by any person, including parents or legal guardians. Children are to be protected from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse in prostitution, pornographic activities, and coercion to perform sexual acts. Declines in infant mortality, elimination of diseases and malnutrition, and provision of education, particularly for female children and the gifted and the disadvantaged, are recommended. Pregnant adolescents should have access to education during and after the pregnancy. Protection is also sought from narcotic drug production, use, and trafficking, child marriage, and child abuse and torture, and participation in armed conflicts. Children are to be protected upon dissolution of marriage and in adoption. Children need to be assured the right to play and recreation. Nigeria has taken steps to implement fully the provisions of the convention, and to integrate the provisions within the existing Children and Young Persons Laws. The provisions will be integrated by the Department of Social Welfare of the Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services. More punitive enforcement measures will be included in the new legislation. A national committee was established to oversee the process of implementation. While legislation is pending, a Nigerian Trust Fund to ensure the welfare of the Nigerian child has been set up and will be operating soon. The Federal Ministry of Health has since 1987 been active in primary health care and child survival efforts. PMID:12318617

Okwudili, O

1993-01-01

333

Practical Domain and Type Enforcement for UNIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Type enforcement is a table-oriented mandatory access control mechanism well-suited for confining applications and restricting information flows. Although both flexible and strong, type enforcement alone imposes significant administrative costs and has not been widely adopted. Domain and Type Enforcement (DTE) is an enhanced version of type enforcement designed to provide needed simplicity and compatibility. Two primary techniques distinguish DTE from

Lee Badger; Daniel F. Sterne; David L. Sherman; Kenneth M. Walker; Sheila A. Haghighat

1995-01-01

334

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

335

5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...found in subpart G of this part) and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR...support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a...

2013-01-01

336

5 CFR 1650.3 - Frozen accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...found in subpart G of this part) and to domestic relations orders, alimony and child support legal process, and child abuse enforcement orders (found in 5 CFR...support enforcement order, or a child abuse enforcement order, or because a...

2012-01-01

337

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

338

Responding to Child Abuse: A Handbook = Guide sur l'intervention en cas de mauvais traitements infliges aux enfants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, in English and French, provides guidelines for reporting and investigating child abuse and neglect by child care providers, law enforcement officials, social workers, health care providers, educators, and others as required by Alberta's Child Welfare Act. The handbook addresses: (1) how to recognize abuse and neglect; (2) how to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

339

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (2) Making or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination...of employment of a parent or child if the information is requested...require access in connection with child custody and parental kidnapping...retrieve the information by computer, remote terminal, or...

2010-10-01

340

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

2013-04-01

341

25 CFR 12.63 - Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Do Indian country law enforcement officers perform other duties as well...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Support Functions § 12.63 Do...

2011-04-01

342

Attitudes toward Child Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has shown that parents of children who commit suicide receive reduced emotional support from their community. More research in the area of attitudes toward child suicide may aid professionals in helping grieving friends and families and help pinpoint areas where more education may be needed. This study examined the differences…

Ellis, Jon B.; Lane, Debra

343

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries. PMID:18672210

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

344

Accounting for enforcement costs in the spatial allocation of marine zones.  

PubMed

Marine fish stocks are in many cases extracted above sustainable levels, but they may be protected through restricted-use zoning systems. The effectiveness of these systems typically depends on support from coastal fishing communities. High management costs including those of enforcement may, however, deter fishers from supporting marine management. We incorporated enforcement costs into a spatial optimization model that identified how conservation targets can be met while maximizing fishers' revenue. Our model identified the optimal allocation of the study area among different zones: no-take, territorial user rights for fisheries (TURFs), or open access. The analysis demonstrated that enforcing no-take and TURF zones incurs a cost, but results in higher species abundance by preventing poaching and overfishing. We analyzed how different enforcement scenarios affected fishers' revenue. Fisher revenue was approximately 50% higher when territorial user rights were enforced than when they were not. The model preferentially allocated area to the enforced-TURF zone over other zones, demonstrating that the financial benefits of enforcement (derived from higher species abundance) exceeded the costs. These findings were robust to increases in enforcement costs but sensitive to changes in species' market price. We also found that revenue under the existing zoning regime in the study area was 13-30% lower than under an optimal solution. Our results highlight the importance of accounting for both the benefits and costs of enforcement in marine conservation, particularly when incurred by fishers. Justificación de los Costos de Aplicación en la Asignación Espacial de Zonas Marinas. PMID:25103090

Davis, Katrina; Kragt, Marit; Gelcich, Stefan; Schilizzi, Steven; Pannell, David

2015-02-01

345

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... child treated for any bites, especially dog bites, right away. Let your child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling ... Ask your child’s doctor first if this is right for your baby. Your child’s doctor or nurse may tell you how to ...

346

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually ... Communication Other Approaches to Discipline Aggressive Behavior Talking to Your ... Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental ...

347

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2012-04-01

348

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2013-04-01

349

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

...2014-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2014-04-01

350

25 CFR 12.22 - Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Can Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement officers enforce tribal laws? 12.22 Section 12.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2011-04-01

351

Forest commons and local enforcement  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements. PMID:18768821

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun

2008-01-01

352

Police Regulation of Illegal Gambling: Frustrations of Symbolic Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines problems presented to the police by their gambling enforcement responsibilities during the four decades follow ing Prohibition's repeal. In this period repeated gambling corruption scan dals put the police in disrepute. These scandals accurately reflected the underlying corruption of an effort that was essentially symbolic and not supported by a significant element of the otherwise law-abiding popula

Peter Reuter

1984-01-01

353

Hov lane enforcement evaluation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study evaluated various high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane enforcement techniques on a recently constructed section of HOV lanes along I-405 in the Seattle, Washington, area. The research included a related public opinion survey concerning HOV lanes. The enforcement techniques that were evaluated included intensive (or continuous saturation) enforcement, once a week saturation enforcement, and once a week stationary enforcement. The study concluded that each type of enforcement effort helped in lowering the number of HOV lane violations; however, it was not possible to determine which method was most effective. Violations decreased considerably during the first weeks of enforcement, regardless of the type of enforcement. The research team recommends intensive enforcement only for the first three months (or less) of the operation of a new HOV facility. After that point, the level of effort should revert to routine enforcement. The study also makes recommendations concerning the design of HOV lanes related to enforcement issues. Specifically, enforcement areas alongside HOV lanes must be designed in cooperation with the appropriate enforcement agency. Two types of enforcement areas along freeways are suggested.

Jacobson, E.L.

1993-01-01

354

Another civilian life saved by law enforcement-applied tourniquets.  

PubMed

Increasing data and anecdotal operational reports are supporting the early, aggressive, prehospital application of tourniquets in potentially life-threatening extremity trauma. Especially in the civilian urban setting where transport times are short, the benefit in terms of lives saved far outweighs the potential risk to the extremity. The popular press has reported frequently on law enforcement-applied tourniquets, but to date, no group has published a scientific review of any of these cases. This case report suggests that law enforcement personnel can be trained to safely identify indications for tourniquet application, properly apply them with limited training, and function as effective first care providers. PMID:25344705

Robertson, Josh; McCahill, Peter; Riddle, Andrew; Callaway, David

2014-01-01

355

Law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response  

PubMed Central

Background Law enforcement is often the first to respond to medical emergencies in the community, including overdose. Due to the nature of their job, officers have also witnessed first-hand the changing demographic of drug users and devastating effects on their community associated with the epidemic of nonmedical prescription opioid use in the United States. Despite this seminal role, little data exist on law enforcement attitudes toward overdose prevention and response. Methods We conducted key informant interviews as part of a 12-week Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) process that aimed to better understand and prevent nonmedical prescription opioid use and overdose deaths in locations in Connecticut and Rhode Island experiencing overdose “outbreaks.” Interviews with 13 law enforcement officials across three study sites were analyzed to uncover themes on overdose prevention and naloxone. Results Findings indicated support for law enforcement involvement in overdose prevention. Hesitancy around naloxone administration by laypersons was evident. Interview themes highlighted officers’ feelings of futility and frustration with their current overdose response options, the lack of accessible local drug treatment, the cycle of addiction, and the pervasiveness of easily accessible prescription opioid medications in their communities. Overdose prevention and response, which for some officers included law enforcement-administered naloxone, were viewed as components of community policing and good police-community relations. Conclusion Emerging trends, such as existing law enforcement medical interventions and Good Samaritan Laws, suggest the need for broader law enforcement engagement around this pressing public health crisis, even in suburban and small town locations, to promote public safety. PMID:24051061

Green, Traci C.; Zaller, Nickolas; Palacios, Wilson R.; Bowman, Sarah E.; Ray, Madeline; Heimer, Robert; Case, Patricia

2014-01-01

356

Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

Office of Child Care, 2010

2010-01-01

357

20 CFR 222.54 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-grandchild or stepgrandchild adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.54 When a legally adopted child is dependent—grandchild...close of such period the child must have been living...one-half of his or her support from the employee...

2010-04-01

358

Reciprocal Dumping Under Antidumping Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a dynamic extension of the reciprocal dumping approach, oligopolistic firms producing imperfect substitutes use the carrot and stick strategy to enforce cooperative behavior. When dumping occurs, firms lobby for tariffs as punishment. After a finite punishment period, the non-dumping equilibrium is restored. Conditions are derived on the degrees of substitutability and observability that allow non-dumping under an infinite horizon.

Nilanjan Banik; John Gilbert

359

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION REGISTRATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), as part of its efforts to control the abuse and misuse of controlled substances and chemicals used in producing some over-the-counter drugs, maintains databases of individuals registered to handle these substances. These databases are av...

360

When Is Tax Enforcement Publicized?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every spring, the federal government appears to deliver an abundance of announcements that describe criminal convictions and civil injunctions involving taxpayers who have been accused of committing tax fraud. Commentators have occasionally suggested that the government announces a large number of tax enforcement actions in close proximity to a critical date in the tax compliance landscape: April 15, “Tax Day.”

Joshua D. Blank; Daniel Z. Levin

2010-01-01

361

Chemical hazards in law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clandestine drug laboratory is a nationwide phenomenon that involves significant health hazards to law enforcement officers. Most of these laboratories manufacture methamphetamine, which is an easy drug to produce, even with limited knowledge of chemistry. Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant that can be made with simple, over-the-counter ingredients. Other drugs manufactured in clandestine laboratories include sodium gamma hydroxybutyrate, lysergic

Clin Occup Environ Med

362

Child Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Uprooted Children Threatened by Exploitation" (Bonnet); "Child of the Wind" (Roess); "At the Fishing School with the Sampaneers" (Bertrand); and "The Street Kids of Nairobi: Surviving in the City" (Goodson). (SK)

Bonnet, Michel; And Others

1994-01-01

363

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... steps to keep your children safe: Install the right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test ...

364

Age-progression technology and its application to law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of recent computer technology of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) has provided the means to age progress faces of long term missing children. In the thousands of cases of missing children that have disappeared for two or more years, there is a particular priority to identify and recover these children. It is apparent that long term solutions to this problem lie in the realm of technology. One of the areas is the computerized aging of children's faces. Forensic artists working with this new technology help this goal become a reality. When imaging a child's face, the forensic artist must consider using photographs of the biological family at an age consistent with the age of the missing child. With these pictures, a reasonable likeness can be produced using computer technology. This image can aid law enforcement, child find and social service agencies and the public in their search for the missing child. Unique features of the system provide for the stretching, merging, pixelation and refining of a completed progression. A knowledge of the steps of facial growth and anatomy is necessary to achieve an accurate image. Future developments in age progression and facial reconstruction may be in the realm of morphing technology. Application of this technology is being tested to provide a more accurate image for investigative use.

Heafner, Horace

1996-02-01

365

12 CFR 370.11 - Enforcement mechanisms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement mechanisms. 370.11 Section 370.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL...TEMPORARY LIQUIDITY GUARANTEE PROGRAM § 370.11 Enforcement mechanisms. (a) Termination of Participation . If...

2010-01-01

366

25 CFR 173.3 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.3 Enforcement. The project engineer shall enforce these and all project regulations now or...

2010-04-01

367

21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and Drug Administration,...

2012-04-01

368

21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.  

...CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and Drug Administration,...

2014-04-01

369

21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and Drug Administration,...

2010-04-01

370

21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and Drug Administration,...

2013-04-01

371

21 CFR 1230.43 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Imports § 1230.43 Enforcement...Poison Act shall be enforced by the Food and Drug Administration,...

2011-04-01

372

23 CFR 950.9 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Enforcement. 950.9 Section 950.9 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION § 950.9 Enforcement. (a) The tolling authority...

2010-04-01

373

23 CFR 950.9 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Enforcement. 950.9 Section 950.9 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION § 950.9 Enforcement. (a) The tolling authority...

2011-04-01

374

5 CFR 1201.85 - Enforcing subpoenas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...party seeking compliance may file a written motion for enforcement with the judge or make an oral motion for enforcement while on the record...28 U.S.C. 1746 (see appendix IV) describing the failure or refusal to obey...

2010-01-01

375

78 FR 4323 - Compliance and Enforcement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to review by the Office of Management and Budget. List of Subjects in 25 CFR Part 573 Enforcement, Enforcement actions, Gambling, Gaming, Indians, Indian gaming. Text of the Rules For the reasons discussed in the Preamble, the Commission...

2013-01-22

376

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2011-01-01

377

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2010-01-01

378

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2012-01-01

379

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2014-01-01

380

10 CFR 850.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Enforcement. 850.4 Section 850.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.4 Enforcement. DOE may take appropriate steps...

2013-01-01

381

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

382

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2010-07-01

383

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2014-07-01

384

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2013-07-01

385

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2011-07-01

386

29 CFR 102.122 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Enforcement of Rights, Privileges, and Immunities Granted or Guaranteed Under Section...enforcement of rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...denial of any rights, privileges, or immunities granted or guaranteed under section...

2012-07-01

387

43 CFR 420.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part will be enforced to the extent of Bureau authority,...

2013-10-01

388

43 CFR 420.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part will be enforced to the extent of Bureau authority,...

2011-10-01

389

43 CFR 420.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part will be enforced to the extent of Bureau authority,...

2012-10-01

390

43 CFR 420.4 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part will be enforced to the extent of Bureau authority,...

2010-10-01

391

43 CFR 420.4 - Enforcement.  

...Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.4 Enforcement. The provisions of this part will be enforced to the extent of Bureau authority,...

2014-10-01

392

76 FR 80846 - Definition of Enforcement Action  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 502 RIN 3141-AA43...Enforcement Action AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission, Interior. ACTION: Notice...enforcement action''. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act authorizes the NIGC...

2011-12-27

393

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes. PMID:20334720

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

394

Your child is dead.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents. SUBJECTS--150 bereaved parents, all members of the organisation, of whom 120 (80%) participated voluntarily in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Child's age; date and cause of death; details of person breaking the news and handling of the interview; time parents spent with dead child, their attitude to requests for organ donation, and follow up support received. RESULTS--122 children's deaths were described; the largest single group was due to road traffic accidents, 16 were suicides, and eight were murders. Twice as many interviews were rated as sympathetically or reasonably handled as badly or offensively handled (68 v 34). The interview ratings depended on the sensitivity and personal skills of the interviewers rather than on their previous contact or professional position; police were rated as more sympathetic than doctors and nurses. Of 109 respondents, 81 had seen their child's body, 44 of whom thought that sufficient time had been denied. Of the 28 parents who did not see the body, 17 subsequently stated their regret. In 82 parents organ donation had not been discussed. Only 16 parents recorded any follow up support from hospital staff and very few support at the time. CONCLUSIONS--The consistency of the responses suggests a serious need to revise the in service training and education of the police and health professionals in their approach to informing of death; organ donation should be discussed sensitively and parents allowed time with their dead child with fewer restrictions. PMID:1855027

Finlay, I; Dallimore, D

1991-01-01

395

Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN  

E-print Network

health issues, substance abuse, or domestic violence 5. Strategies for engaging and retaining high ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency Services, Administration for Children, Youth and Families, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect. Area

Farritor, Shane

396

Teacher Education, Motivation, Compensation, Workplace Support, and Links to Quality of Center-Based Child Care and Teachers' Intention to Stay in the Early Childhood Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early…

Torquati, Julia C.; Raikes, Helen; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.

2007-01-01

397

Failing Our Children. How "No Child Left Behind" Undermines Quality and Equity in Education. An Accountability Model That Supports School Improvement. Summary Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Child Left Behind" (NCLB), the title of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, describes a worthy goal for this nation. Tragically, NCLB is aggravating, not solving, the real problems that cause many children to be left behind. NCLB must be overhauled if the federal government is to make a useful contribution to enhancing the…

Neill, Monty; Guisbond, Lisa; Schaeffer, Bob

2004-01-01

398

Failing Our Children. How "No Child Left Behind" Undermines Quality and Equity in Education. An Accountability Model That Supports School Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Child Left Behind" (NCLB), the title of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, describes a worthy goal for this nation. Tragically, NCLB is aggravating, not solving, the real problems that cause many children to be left behind. NCLB must be overhauled if the federal government is to make a useful contribution to enhancing the…

Neill, Monty; Guisbond, Lisa; Schaeffer, Bob

2004-01-01

399

77 FR 64819 - New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provision of law enforcement officers (LEOs) to support airport security checkpoint screening. DATES: Send your comments...the provision of LEOs in support of screening at airport security checkpoints. Consistent with this authority,...

2012-10-23

400

Legal and Social Service Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: A Primer and Discussion of Relevant Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a broad overview of legal and social service responses to child sexual abuse, the overarching legal framework provided by federal legislation, and funding mandates and the unique and shared investigative concerns of law enforcement and child protective service entities. Relevant psychological research is highlighted throughout,…

Wiley, Tisha R. A.

2009-01-01

401

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2010-04-01

402

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2010-04-01

403

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2014-04-01

404

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2012-04-01

405

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2011-04-01

406

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2013-04-01

407

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2012-04-01

408

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2011-04-01

409

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2014-04-01

410

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2013-04-01

411

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operating as part of the Border and Transportation Security Office (which itself is part of the Department of Homeland Security), the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Office is designed "to prevent acts of terrorism by targeting the people, money, and materials that support terrorist and criminal activities." The agency's tremendously useful website contains sections that address border security, public security, financial and trade investigations, and of course, material on careers with the ICE. The agency's homepage is a great way to learn about its most recent achievements as it features recent success stories from various ICE initiatives, whether it be prosecuting those accused of abducting illegal aliens or those persons who have conspired to commit domestic terrorist acts against the United States government. The public security section is a nice touch as well, as it provides information about such programs as the federal air marshals initiative and the ICE's "Most Wanted" list.

2005-01-01

412

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... may also do the procedure using a special video camera. A surgical cut in the back is ...

413

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

414

Including Your Child  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

415

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

416

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Skip sharing on social ... Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

417

45 CFR 308.2 - Required program compliance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...accordance with the State's guidelines for setting child support awards, the State will be considered to...

2010-10-01

418

76 FR 30509 - Court Orders and Legal Processes Affecting Thrift Savings Plan Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families, Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), as well...shorten the time period in which child support orders and MVRA orders are payable...and Families, Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE). As a...

2011-05-26

419

Charting Race and Class Differences in Attitudes Toward Drug Legalization and Law Enforcement: Lessons for Federal Criminal Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

America's drug problem manifests itself in many ways. Illegal drugs are linked to high crime levels, high imprisonment rates, and wasted lives. The harms associated with drugs and drug law enforcement disproportionately affect African Americans. Increasingly the answer to the drug problem is presented in terms of a debate between the supporters of tough drug-law enforcement policies, which focus on

Tracey L. Meares

1997-01-01

420

24 CFR 146.39 - Enforcement procedures.  

...ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Investigation, Settlement, and Enforcement...Termination of a recipient's financial assistance from HUD under...Administrative Law Judge. If the financial assistance consists...

2014-04-01

421

24 CFR 146.39 - Enforcement procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Investigation, Settlement, and Enforcement...Termination of a recipient's financial assistance from HUD under...Administrative Law Judge. If the financial assistance consists...

2012-04-01

422

24 CFR 146.39 - Enforcement procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Investigation, Settlement, and Enforcement...Termination of a recipient's financial assistance from HUD under...Administrative Law Judge. If the financial assistance consists...

2013-04-01

423

24 CFR 146.39 - Enforcement procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Investigation, Settlement, and Enforcement...Termination of a recipient's financial assistance from HUD under...Administrative Law Judge. If the financial assistance consists...

2010-04-01

424

24 CFR 146.39 - Enforcement procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Investigation, Settlement, and Enforcement...Termination of a recipient's financial assistance from HUD under...Administrative Law Judge. If the financial assistance consists...

2011-04-01

425

29 CFR 95.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ORGANIZATIONS, AND WITH COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS, FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, ORGANIZATIONS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 95.62...

2011-07-01

426

29 CFR 95.62 - Enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ORGANIZATIONS, AND WITH COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS, FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, ORGANIZATIONS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Termination and Enforcement § 95.62...

2010-07-01

427

Why children's rights are central to international child health.  

PubMed

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides a framework for improving children's lives around the world. It covers both individual child health practice and public health and provides a unique and child-centred approach to paediatric problems. The Convention applies to most child health problems and the articles are grouped into protection, provision and participation. Examples of the first are the right to protection from abuse, from economic exploitation and from illicit drugs. We examine one particular problem in each of these categories, specifically child labour, services for children with a disability and violence against children. The role of the paedialrician in applying a children's rights approach is discussed. Children's rights are increasingly being accepted around the world but still there is much more rhetoric paid to their value than genuine enforcement. Paediatricians can make a difference to the status of children worldwide by adopting a rights-based approach. PMID:17264288

Waterston, T; Goldhagen, J

2007-02-01

428

Stressed out and Overcommitted! The Relationships between Time Demands and Family Rules and Parents' and Their Child's Weight Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parent time demands and presence and enforcement of family rules and parent/child dyad weight status. Method. In dyads of one child/parent per family (N = 681 dyads) in Twin Cities, Minnesota, 2007-2008, height and weight were measured, and a survey of demographics, time demands,…

Hearst, Mary O.; Sevcik, Sarah; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Pasch, Keryn E.; Harnack, Lisa J.; Lytle, Leslie A.

2012-01-01

429

Child Labor in the 19th Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Labor in the 19th Century, from The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia, documents the lives of British child laborers through photographs, drawings, and biographies of the children, factory workers, owners, and labor reformers. The information is divided into the sections Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Life in the Factory, The Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, The Factory Acts, and Statistics. Most entries link to other relevant sections of the encyclopedia, and include quotes from individuals or primary documents. The most compelling sections of this collection detail the lives of the child laborers themselves, including first-hand accounts from the children.

430

Child and Family WebGuide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Child and Family WebGuide, formerly Child and Family News, is a new information service developed for journalists by experts affiliated with the Department of Child Development at Tufts University. CFN provides the news media with resource material on child and family topics, connecting them with background information, references, associated programs, organizational contacts, subject experts, related coverage, and synopses of potential stories. CFN is an expanding work in progress and currently offers journalists and others information on domestic violence, school violence, education beyond the classroom, and family support.

431

Do you know a child, adolescent, or young adult  

E-print Network

Do you know a child, adolescent, or young adult who is having difficulties in school, with peers child development and emotional and behavioral problems in youth. All assessments are low-cost and set resources in the child, family, and community to support positive development WHO PROVIDES THE SERVICES? NO

Li, X. Rong

432

Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

2005-01-01

433

Tactical emergency medical support.  

PubMed

As increases in criminal activity collide with more aggressive law enforcement postures, there is more contact between police officers and violent felons. Civilian law enforcement special operations teams routinely engage suspects in these violent, dynamic, and complex interdiction activities. Along with these activities comes the substantial and foreseeable risk of death or grievous harm to law officers, bystanders, hostages, or perpetrators. Further, law enforcement agencies who attempt to apprehend dangerous, heavily armed criminals with a special operations team that lacks the expertise to treat the medical consequences that may arise from such a confrontation may be negligent of deliberate indifference. Meanwhile, evidence exists within the military, civilian law enforcement, and medical literature that on-scene TEMS serves to improve mission success and team safety and health, while decreasing morbidity and mortality in the event of an injury or illness suffered during operations. National professional organizations within law enforcement and emergency medicine have identified and support the fundamental need for mission safety and the development of a standard model to train and incorporate TEMS into law enforcement special operations. The overall objective of TEMS is to minimize the potential for injury and illness and to promote optimal medical care from the scene of operations to a definitive care facility. The design, staffing, and implementation of a TEMS program that maximally uses the community resources integrates previously disparate law enforcement, EMS, and emergency medical/trauma center functions to form a new continuum of care [55]. PMID:12476888

Rinnert, Kathy J; Hall, William L

2002-11-01

434

Law Enforcement School Programs. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school shooting incidents during the decade of the 1990's prompted an increase of law enforcement presence in schools. The School Violence Resource Center (SVRC) at the Criminal Justice Institute (CJI) University of Arkansas System undertook a project to determine what programs law enforcement agencies currently provide in their local schools…

Arkansas Safe Schools Initiative Division, 2010

2010-01-01

435

Self-Enforcing International Environmental Agreements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective management of international environmental resources requires cooperation, and in practice cooperation is usually codified in international environmental agreements (IEAs). The essential feature of IEAs is that they cannot be enforced by a third party. This paper explores the properties of self-enforcing IEAs using two models. In one, the number of signatories, the terms of the agreement, and the actions

Scott Barrett

1994-01-01

436

Protecting Children and Supporting Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This serial "double issue" focuses on protecting children and supporting families through greater collaboration between child welfare services and family resource programs. The issue includes the featured articles: (1) "Making the Media a Constructive Force in Child Welfare" (Kathy Bonk), which discusses how the media and child welfare agencies…

Wolf, Kathy Goetz, Ed.

1997-01-01

437

General statement of policy and procedures for NRC enforcement actions: Enforcement policy. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document includes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s or Commission`s) revised General Statement of Policy and Procedure for Enforcement Actions (Enforcement Policy) as it was published in the Federal Register on May 13, 1998 (63 ER 26630). The Enforcement Policy is a general statement of policy explaining the NRC`s policies and procedures in initiating enforcement actions, and of the presiding officers and the Commission in reviewing these actions. This policy statement is applicable to enforcement matters involving the radiological health and safety of the public, including employees` health and safety, the common defense and security, and the environment.

NONE

1998-05-01

438

The AFSP Standard - a lesson for law enforcement agencies.  

PubMed

Compliance with the AFSP (Association of Forensic Science Providers) Standard [1] which concerns the formulation of an evaluative opinion requires consideration of the defence case. This can be problematic for forensic scientists working with or for law enforcement agencies. Among the aims of law enforcement agencies is to secure a conviction while in many jurisdictions the forensic scientist owes an overriding duty to the Court. This casework report demonstrates that early consideration of the defence case by a forensic scientist complying with the AFSP Standard may help rather than hinder the prosecution. The dichotomy as to a conflict of interest for the scientist between supporting the police/prosecutors and being scientifically objective is shown to be a false dichotomy. Compliance with the Standard ensures that science is a better servant of justice. PMID:22325906

Doyle, Sean; Doyle, Dianne

2012-03-01

439

New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and the Justice Department for civilian law enforcement applications. MMW sensors are under development which should provide the needed capabilities including radiometric sensors at 95 GHz, active 95 GHz real aperture radars, active focal plane array (FPA) radars, and holographic radars. Radiometric sensors include 2D FPA systems, 1D FPA, scanned systems, and single element scanned sensors. Active FPA radars include illuminated radiometric systems and coherent radar systems. Real aperture MMW radar systems include raster scanned and conical scanned sensors. Holographic systems ruse mechanical scanners to collect coherent data over a significant solid angular sector.

Currie, Nicholas C.; Ferris, David D., Jr.; McMillan, Robert W.; Wicks, Michael C.

1997-06-01

440

Interpreting child sexual abuse: the impact of victim response.  

PubMed

There is little empirical knowledge about whether the interpretation process of child sex offenders is offense-supportive in nature and contributes to the offending process. Vignettes were developed to compare child sex offenders' and nonoffenders' interpretations of child molestation incidents after ambiguous and nonambiguous victim responses. Results showed that child sex offenders' (N = 60) interpretations did not differ from nonoffenders' (N = 40) interpretations. Overall, the more ambiguous the child responses, the more child complicity and child benefit was seen. Our results indicate that offense-supportive interpretations are not unique to child sex offenders. The mechanisms that are responsible for whether or not to commit a sexual offense should be unraveled and treated, to prevent deviant processes to be activated. PMID:25255791

Hempel, Inge Sarah; Buck, Nicole Maria Leonarda; van Marle, Hjalmar Johan Carel

2014-01-01

441

National law enforcement telecommunications network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Alternative approaches are analyzed to a National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Network (NALECOM) designed to service all state-to-state and state-to-national criminal justice communications traffic needs in the United States. Network topology options were analyzed, and equipment and personnel requirements for each option were defined in accordance with NALECOM functional specifications and design guidelines. Evaluation criteria were developed and applied to each of the options leading to specific conclusions. Detailed treatments of methods for determining traffic requirements, communication line costs, switcher configurations and costs, microwave costs, satellite system configurations and costs, facilities, operations and engineering costs, network delay analysis and network availability analysis are presented. It is concluded that a single regional switcher configuration is the optimum choice based on cost and technical factors. A two-region configuration is competitive. Multiple-region configurations are less competitive due to increasing costs without attending benefits.

Reilly, N. B.; Garrison, G. W.; Sohn, R. L.; Gallop, D. L.; Goldstein, B. L.

1975-01-01

442

[When a child has HIV].  

PubMed

When a child is diagnosed with AIDS, the parents should seek others in the same situation to discuss their fears. Parents should discuss the situation honestly with their children and keep explanations simple. Reassure the affected child that everything possible is being done on his or her behalf. Also reassure non-affected siblings that they are not to blame and that all are loved the same, regardless of the extra attention the AIDS child will require. Siblings may help and give support to their ill brother or sister. Teach basic hygiene, such as frequent hand washing and covering of wounds, to avoid the spread of infection. Parents and pediatricians must have open dialogue. Parents need to make sure they understand instructions, and have accurate records of lab reports and diaries to discover any important changes over time. An older child may keep his own diary. Be certain to be familiar with all of the child's medications and their possible side effects. Call the doctor if there are noticeable changes in activity level, appetite, or weight. Pay attention to breathing, pain, diarrhea, skin irritations, white blotches in mouth, frequent nose bleeds, or slow development in walking, speaking or learning. Insist that the doctor provide pain medication if other remedies are not providing relief. To protect the HIV-positive child from new infections, check skin for sores, keep mouth and teeth clean, maintain a healthy diet, and plan an exercise regimen. PMID:11362436

Parks, V

1995-01-01

443

The Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence: Examining Both Neglect and Child Physical Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research supports a substantial overlap between domestic violence and child maltreatment. However, few studies examine the characteristics of families in which both domestic violence and child maltreatment are present, with most studies exploring only child physical abuse. This study examined differences in demographic characteristics, parental problems, and maltreatment characteristics for families involving physical abuse or neglect and woman battering compared

Carolyn Copps Hartley

2002-01-01

444

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2014-04-01

445

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2013-04-01

446

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... parents feel guilty or that it is their fault when their children get ill and need this ... It is normal to have some problems with your child’s ileostomy. Some common ones are: Your child may have trouble with ...

447

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

448

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... The SLP will also help your child to learn proper speech production, including correct articulation of speech sounds. If you choose oral communication for your child, in addition to the speech language pathologist your child may also be treated by ...

449

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2011-10-01

450

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2010-10-01

451

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

... 2014-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirement § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2014-10-01

452

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirement § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2013-10-01

453

45 CFR 150.221 - Transition to State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Transition to State enforcement. 150...REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT...Requirements § 150.221 Transition to State enforcement...officials to ensure that a transition is effected with respect...

2012-10-01

454

34 CFR 300.537 - State enforcement mechanisms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false State enforcement mechanisms. 300.537 Section 300.537 ...Procedures § 300.537 State enforcement mechanisms. Notwithstanding §§ 300.506...would prevent the SEA from using other mechanisms to seek enforcement of that...

2010-07-01

455

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2014-10-01

456

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

457

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2012-10-01

458

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2012-10-01

459

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2013-10-01

460

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2010-10-01

461

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2011-10-01

462

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2011-10-01

463

45 CFR 1170.55 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION...ACTIVITIES Enforcement § 1170.55 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2010-10-01

464

45 CFR 1151.44 - Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Endowment enforcement and compliance procedures...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...HANDICAP Enforcement § 1151.44 Endowment enforcement and compliance...

2014-10-01

465

10 CFR 431.383 - Enforcement process for electric motors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Enforcement process for electric motors. 431.383 ...EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Enforcement § 431.383 Enforcement process for electric motors. (a) Test...

2010-01-01

466

10 CFR 431.383 - Enforcement process for electric motors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Enforcement process for electric motors. 431.383 ...EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Enforcement § 431.383 Enforcement process for electric motors. (a) Test...

2011-01-01

467

29 CFR 1952.105 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (iv) Enforcement of occupational safety and health standards... (v) Enforcement of occupational safety and health standards... (vi) Enforcement of occupational safety and health standards...not related to the required performance or structure of the...

2010-07-01

468

29 CFR 1952.365 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.365 Section 1952.365 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS New Mexico § 1952.365 Level of Federal enforcement. (a)...

2012-07-01

469

29 CFR 1952.365 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.365 Section 1952.365 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS New Mexico § 1952.365 Level of Federal enforcement. (a)...

2013-07-01

470

29 CFR 1952.365 - Level of Federal enforcement.  

...2014-07-01 false Level of Federal enforcement. 1952.365 Section 1952.365 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS New Mexico § 1952.365 Level of Federal enforcement. (a)...

2014-07-01

471

49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section... § 1542.219 Supplementing law enforcement personnel. (a) When...qualified State, local, and private law enforcement personnel are...

2010-10-01

472

49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section... Operations § 1546.211 Law enforcement personnel. (a) At airports...b), or (c), provide for law enforcement officers meeting the...

2010-10-01

473

32 CFR 806b.8 - Obtaining law enforcement records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Obtaining law enforcement records. 806b.8 Section...PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Obtaining Law Enforcement Records and Confidentiality Promises § 806b.8 Obtaining law enforcement records. The...

2010-07-01

474

32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Traffic law enforcement principles. 634.26 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS...Supervision § 634.26 Traffic law enforcement principles. (a)...

2010-07-01

475

49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section... Operations § 1544.217 Law enforcement personnel. (a) The following...aircraft operator must provide for law enforcement personnel meeting the...

2010-10-01

476

21 CFR 1309.26 - Exemption of law enforcement officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Exemption of law enforcement officials. 1309.26 ...1309.26 Exemption of law enforcement officials. (a) The...is lawfully engaged in the enforcement of any Federal law relating to listed...

2010-04-01

477

25 CFR 11.1003 - Law enforcement officer's duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law enforcement officer's duties. 11.1003 Section...Juvenile Offender Procedure § 11.1003 Law enforcement officer's duties. A law enforcement officer who takes a minor into custody...

2010-04-01

478

36 CFR 1270.50 - Consultation with law enforcement agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Consultation with law enforcement agencies. 1270.50 Section...Presidential Records Compiled for Law Enforcement Purposes § 1270.50 Consultation with law enforcement agencies. (a) For the...

2010-07-01

479

21 CFR 1301.24 - Exemption of law enforcement officials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Exemption of law enforcement officials. 1301.24 Section... § 1301.24 Exemption of law enforcement officials. (a) The requirement... (c) In order to enable law enforcement agency laboratories,...

2010-04-01

480

Girl child: her rights and law.  

PubMed

This article points out the disparity between India's laws to protect female children and their actual living conditions. It is asserted that the role of women needs to be strengthened and that equal rights are executed to the advantage of children. Equality must come at the very beginning of life. Girl children need access to health, nutrition, education, and other basic services. In India, girls are guaranteed an equal right to education, but fewer girls are enrolled in primary school, and very few girls go on to secondary schools. There is no enforcement of compulsory laws, which particularly disadvantage girls from poor families. Girls marry below the legal minimum age. Early childbearing shortens women's life expectancy and adversely affects their health, nutrition, education, and employment opportunities. Prevention of early child marriage should be strictly enforced. Amniocentesis is performed in order to determine the sex of the child and abort female fetuses. The Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 includes special provisions for the protection, treatment, and rehabilitation of girls under 18 years old and of boys younger than 16. This act protects girls trapped in brothels for child prostitution and protects any person engaged in an immoral, drunken, or depraved life. Juvenile Welfare Boards address the problem of neglected girls and offer special protective homes and supervision by probation officers. The act needs to strengthen noninstitutional services, such as sponsorship, family assistance, foster care, and adoption. Girl children grow to womanhood. Effective social development in childhood reaps rewards in adulthood. PMID:12157999

Gokhale, S D

1995-01-01

481

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57...with or contributing to the support of the child at the time of his or her...with or contributing to the support of the child at one of the times shown...

2010-04-01

482

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

... 2014-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2014-04-01

483

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2011-04-01

484

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12...OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT...

2013-04-01

485

25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12.33...INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Qualifications and Training...

2010-04-01

486

15 CFR 971.1006 - Proprietary enforcement information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Enforcement § 971.1006 Proprietary enforcement...

2012-01-01

487

15 CFR 971.1006 - Proprietary enforcement information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL REGULATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SERVICE DEEP SEABED MINING REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL RECOVERY PERMITS Enforcement § 971.1006 Proprietary enforcement...

2011-01-01

488

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2010-04-01

489

Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

490

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2013-04-01

491

Evaluation of Child Maltreatment in the Emergency Department Setting: An Overview for Behavioral Health Providers.  

PubMed

Emergency providers are confronted with medical, social, and legal dilemmas with each case of possible child maltreatment. Keeping a high clinical suspicion is key to diagnosing latent abuse. Child abuse, especially sexual abuse, is best handled by a multidisciplinary team including emergency providers, nurses, social workers, and law enforcement trained in caring for victims and handling forensic evidence. The role of the emergency provider in such cases is to identify abuse, facilitate a thorough investigation, treat medical needs, protect the patient, provide an unbiased medical consultation to law enforcement, and provide an ethical testimony if called to court. PMID:25455575

Leetch, Aaron N; Leipsic, John; Woolridge, Dale P

2015-01-01

492

The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2012-01-01

493

Infant Signs as Intervention? Promoting Symbolic Gestures for Preverbal Children in Low-Income Families Supports Responsive Parent-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gestures are a natural form of communication between preverbal children and parents which support children's social and language development; however, low-income parents gesture less frequently, disadvantaging their children. In addition to pointing and waving, children are capable of learning many symbolic gestures, known as "infant signs," if…

Vallotton, Claire D.

2012-01-01

494

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation of the A PAR Parental Intervention Programme in Portugal. Child Development and Parenting Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study attempts to investigate the effects of the Aprender em Parceria (A PAR) programme, an intervention in early childhood education and parenting support in the suburbs of Great Lisbon which aims to increase the educational achievement of disadvantaged children from birth to six-years-old. A quasi-experimental design was…

Nabuco, Maria Emília; Aguiar, Maria Stella; Costa, Cláudia; Morais, Diogo

2014-01-01

495

Maternal and Child nutrition  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child nutrition Earn an advanced degree in a highly specialized field Taught #12;Courses: Nutrition During Pregnancy Lactation and Infant Nutrition Child and Adolescent Nutrition Applied Research Methods in Maternal and Child Nutrition Topics in Epidemiology of Maternal and Child

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

496

Child Care Center APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

Harms, Kyle E.

497

The child dream and the child transference.  

PubMed

This paper explores the symbolic meaning of dreams in which children appear with special attention to the way children in dreams symbolize the self, particularly the dependent and developing self. It is suggested that patients' growth in analysis can be monitored by observing what happens to the children in their dreams. This paper also explores the vicissitudes of the child transference, in which the patient treats the analyst as a child. An analysis is described in which the child dream and the child transference played an important role in elucidating the patient's neurotic behaviors. The author contends that the child dream and the child transference are common and clinically useful phenomena, especially important in the analysis of dependency conflicts. An additional thesis of this paper is that the child transference is most likely to be found in instances where a patient played a parental role with one of their parents during childhood. PMID:2423576

De Francisco, D

1986-01-01

498

16 CFR 1602.1 - Enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...hereby institutes an enforcement policy of using in each case arising...In order to effectuate this policy, the above stated policy has been adopted and substituted...conflicting determinations and policies of the Federal Trade...

2010-01-01

499

12 CFR 371.5 - Enforcement actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...terms or requirements of the recordkeeping requirements set forth in this part constitutes a violation of a regulation and subjects the participating entity to enforcement actions under Section 8 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C....

2010-01-01

500

30 CFR 905.843 - Federal enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and reclamation operations. (b) In addition to the requirements of part 843, copies of enforcement actions and orders to show cause will be furnished, upon request, to the California Division of Mining and...

2012-07-01