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1

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

2

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

3

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

4

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

5

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

6

Why Doesn't She Have a Child Support Order? Personal Choice or Objective Constraint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quantitative analyses were conducted in order to examine maternal characteristics connected to the establishment of a child support order and reasons why some mothers did not have an order. Based on single-mother reports from the Current Population Survey during the 1994-1998 period, results indicated that approximately 36% of mothers eligible for…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Pouncy, Hillard

2005-01-01

7

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

8

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

9

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

10

Exploring alternatives for improving child support application filing rates within the context of civil protection order cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of obtaining child support for victims of domestic violence has been well documented in the literature yet little systematic and empirical research has been conducted on how often victims apply for and receive this type of assistance and on how the number of child support filings can be increased among victims of domestic violence. This paper presents findings

Douglas L. Yearwood; Keith Dowd; Leslie Starsoneck

2008-01-01

11

Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

2008-01-01

12

A Model of Child Support and the Underground Economy  

E-print Network

We develop and estimate a model of the child support and labor supply decisions in the formal and underground sectors for low-income fathers who have never married the mother of their child, as well as the paternity establishment decisions of the mothers. Ethnographic studies have found that child support policies such as automatic wage withholding, relatively high child support award amounts, and low child support disregards for children on welfare may encourage low-income fathers to evade child support regulations by working ‘off the books’ and by making under-the-table child support payments. Similarly, these policies, particularly the low child support disregard for women on welfare, may encourage mothers of children born outside marriage to refuse to cooperate with the child support authorities in establishing paternity and obtaining a formal child support order. Our model assumes a Stackelberg structure in which the father can implicitly determine whether the mother cooperates with the child support authorities through an informal child support payment, which may be zero. If the father’s informal child support payment is not high enough to induce the mother to not cooperate with establishing paternity, then he is subject to automatic wage withholding of the ordered amount if he works in the formal sector. Earnings

Jennifer Roff; Julieta Lugo-gil

2008-01-01

13

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families 45 CFR Parts 301, 302, 303, and 307 Safeguarding Child Support Information AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration for...

2010-06-07

14

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families 45 CFR Parts 301, 302, 303, and 307 Safeguarding Child Support Information AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration for...

2010-12-29

15

Essentials for Attorneys in Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents a course developed to provide a national perspective for attorneys who represent state and local child support enforcement agencies operating under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The introduction provides an overview of the child support problem in the United States, citing causes and effects of the problem and…

Henry, Michael R.; And Others

16

Teenage Paternity, Child Support, and Crime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between teenage premarital paternity, child support enforcement, and delinquency. The non-random data were gathered from the Marian County, Indiana District Attorney's Office and Juvenile Court. Suggests that the early establishment of paternity should be pursued and that child support enforcement strategies should…

Pirog-Good, Maureen A.

1988-01-01

17

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2012-04-01

18

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2013-04-01

19

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2014-04-01

20

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2010-04-01

21

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable...his or her support, without regard to marital...portion of an absent parent's wages be withheld...been ordered to pay child support is now...

2011-04-01

22

Poverty Transitions among Families Supporting a Child with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little is known about child disability and dynamic aspects of poverty. Method: Analysis of data collected over a 12-month period for families (a) supporting a child with intellectual disability (n = 370), (b) supporting a child with other disability (n = 1,418), and (c) supporting a child with no disability (n = 7,215). Results: When…

Emerson, Eric; Shahtahmasebi, Said; Lancaster, Gillian; Berridge, Damon

2010-01-01

23

Unpaid Child Support: The Abuse of American Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that fewer than half the single mothers in the United States receive complete and regular child support payments, this paper discusses reasons for unpaid child support, examines whether stricter enforcement of child support obligations will help solve the overall problem, and proposes another option for solving the problem of unpaid child

Kobayashi, Futoshi

24

ChildChild CareCare / ChildChild-Raising-Raising SupportSupport thatthat SuitsSuits YouYou  

E-print Network

Options while your childis in kindergartenchildis in kindergarten Should I sendmyShould I sendmy child Nobinobi Child- Raising Support Daycare for sick and recovering children I'm so busy with work lately. I a break. I'd like to gradually start working. Can I leave my child for 2 or 3 days a week? My child has

Takahashi, Ryo

25

Child Support: The Dilemma of a Nation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the development of child support in America. A review of the English common law from which U.S. laws evolved provides a glimpse into the ways that institutions of marriage and the family were viewed in the 19th century. The development of American law reflects the transformation of family structure by…

Welch, Carol; And Others

26

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

) ________________________________________ Date ___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Dyer, Bill

27

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may be fined, be sentenced to jail of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Dyer, Bill

28

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may be fined, be sentenced to jail of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Maxwell, Bruce D.

29

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

) ________________________________________ Date ___________________ WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information, you may of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support

Maxwell, Bruce D.

30

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

31

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2013 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

32

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2012 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

33

Office of Student Financial Aid Child Support Paid  

E-print Network

Office of Student Financial Aid Child Support Paid 0210 Beardshear Hall Ames, IA 50011-2028 515b and/or question 91b that during 2011 you, your spouse, or your parent(s), paid child support. Iowa State University requests the information on this form for the purpose of confirming Child Support Paid

Lin, Zhiqun

34

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...established or for whom a child support order needs...or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...order with respect to the child. (b) If the IV-D...Act or for a good cause domestic violence waiver granted in...

2010-10-01

35

Child Support: Responsible Fatherhood and the Quid Pro Quo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over time, public policy changes have strengthened the private child support system while reducing access to public support—welfare. Given the especially limited availability of public support, nonresident fathers’ economic contributions through child support can play an important role in helping children to avoid poverty. In this article, the authors review evidence on nonresident fathers’ ability to pay support, provide an

Maria Cancian; Daniel R. Meyer; Eunhee Han

2011-01-01

36

Employer Support for Families with Child Care Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present and past employer support for child care is reviewed in this paper. The first half of the discussion is devoted to a general and brief historical survey describing employer support for families needing child care and detailing working mothers' increasing demand for child care services. Also briefly mentioned are government programs…

Fischer, Jan Lockwood

37

Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that a first-born child receives 20-30 more minutes of quality time each day with his or her parent than a second-born child of the same age from a similar family. The birth-order difference results from parents giving roughly equal time to each child at any point in time while the amount of…

Price, Joseph

2008-01-01

38

Abstracts on Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of 40 selected books and articles on the topic of interactions between children and their environments are provided in this document. Works abstracted were selected from a pool of over 1200 items. The abstracts are organized into five categories: (1) theories of child care and play; (2) child-environment research; (3) descriptions of…

Hill, Ann; And Others

39

Family Support Systems: Alternative Child Care Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Winthrop College, a resource center for information on employer-sponsored child care, conducted an Appalachian Regional Commission project designed to assess the feasibility of employer-sponsored child care, gather technical information about current models, determine child care needs of working women in South Carolina, and encourage employers to…

Winthrop Coll., Rock Hill, SC. School of Consumer Science and Allied Professions.

40

Employer-Supported Child Care: Who Participates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-care vouchers are becoming more common and can provide child-care assistance to a wide spectrum of the population. There is little empirical research, however, on which workers participate in their employer's child-care programs. In this exploratory study, employees with children at 1 large university completed questionnaires to gather…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2009-01-01

41

Child Abduction, Parents' Distress, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how parents of family and nonfamily abducted children cope with stress due to the disappearance of their child. The results show that all parents experience distress, regardless of whether it was a family or nonfamily abduction. Associated with parental distress are factors such as prior family stress, age of the child, recovery status of the child, and

Sarah K. Spilman

2006-01-01

42

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2014-07-01

43

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2012-07-01

44

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agreements. (iii) Court orders. (3) Each complaint...part of a spouse has no effect on a soldier's obligation...Documentation (that is, court orders, birth certificates, marriage...a child custody court order. (iv) Require...

2013-07-01

45

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

...2014-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders. 838...RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability of Funds § 838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders....

2014-01-01

46

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

47

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

48

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Bartfeld, Judi.; Cancian, Maria.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.; Meyer, Daniel R.

49

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

50

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk for…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

51

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

52

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

53

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

54

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

55

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony...process brought for the enforcement of legal obligations to provide child support or to make...

2014-04-01

56

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony... Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony...process brought for the enforcement of legal obligations to provide child support or to make...

2013-04-01

57

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

58

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

59

Rev. 02/2013 Has one of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012?  

E-print Network

, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support received; or Copies of the child support payment checks or money order receipts. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information you may be fined, be sentenced to jail, or both. Each person

Rhode Island, University of

60

Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

Haas, Karen S.

61

Child Spacing and Birth Order: Effect on Intellectual Ability in Two-Child Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect on intellectual ability of the spacing of the birth of siblings was studied in two series of young men from two-child families: (i) 535 pairs of brothers and (ii) 1511 unrelated firstborn and secondborn. Birth-order effect and level of ability were not influenced by length of interval between firstborn and secondborn.

Lillian Belmont; Zena Stein; Patricia Zybert

1978-01-01

62

Beliefs about Child Support Modification Following Remarriage and Subsequent Childbirth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Framed by equity theory, fairness beliefs regarding child support modification to account for the financial impact of remarriage and subsequent childbirth were assessed. Based on a random sample of 407 Kentucky residents using a multiple segment factorial vignette approach, modification was supported by 57% of respondents following remarriage, but…

Hans, Jason D.

2009-01-01

63

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

64

Every Child Learning: Safe and Supportive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that students experience as safe and supportive will be more successful at promoting student achievement and developing qualities such as good character and citizenship. However, this commonsensible priority is sometimes slighted when other issues demand a school's attention. This guide identifies four core elements necessary to create and…

Learning First Alliance, Washington, DC.

65

Rev. 02/2013 Has the student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012?  

E-print Network

support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom support received; or Copies of the child support payment checks or money order receipts. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information you may be fined, be sentenced to jail, or both. Each person

Rhode Island, University of

66

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

67

The measurement and influence of child sexual abuse supportive beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of offence-related cognition is a major target of most cognitive–behavioural treatment programmes for sexual offenders, and a number of measures are available for this purpose. This study assessed the psychometric properties of a brief measure of beliefs that support and justify child sexual abuse: the Sex With Children (SWCH) scale. Factor analysis revealed two distinct types of belief:

Ruth Mann; Stephen Webster; Helen Wakeling; William Marshall

2007-01-01

68

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

69

Parents' reasons and motivations for supporting their child's music training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musical talent development in a child is a prolonged process requiring adult assistance of both large investments of time and financial resources. To understand the motivations of parents who support their children's music training, often initiating and sustaining it for a substantial period of time, a survey was sent to four music organizations on the east and west coasts. Parents

David Yun Dai; Robin Schader

2001-01-01

70

Economic Inequities in Child Support: The Role of Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing numbers, divorced families with a noncustodial mother and a custodial father have received scant research attention. Our study attempts to provide some initial insight into the economic status of these families. Examining the child support obligation, we find that noncustodial mothers face a much smaller award than noncustodial fathers, both in terms of the absolute dollar amount

Kate Stirling; Thomas Aldrich

2012-01-01

71

[Supporting the siblings of a child suffering from cancer].  

PubMed

As soon as a child is diagnosed with cancer, the family dynamics are overturned. The parents, destabilised by their feelings of powerlessness, must establish a dialogue with the caregivers, and the siblings must be supported from the moment the diagnosis is made. A psychoanalyst should be brought in early on in the end-of-life phase to offer support to the family members undergoing this ordeal. PMID:21702201

Oppenheim, Daniel

2011-01-01

72

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

73

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

74

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement, ACF, HHS. ACTION: Notice of the...

2011-01-05

75

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2010-10-01

76

75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement, ACF, HHS. ACTION:...

2010-07-21

77

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2013-10-01

78

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2014-10-01

79

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Travel  

E-print Network

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During: Faculty Advisor/Supervisor/Department Chair Authorized Signature Date Support for child care expenses/Coverage for Planned Care Employee Signature Signature Date #12;2 Child Care Support During Travel GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Rollins, Andrew M.

80

The Support Orders Enforcement Act (No. 58 of 1988), 8 July 1988.  

PubMed

This Newfoundland, Canada Act establishes a Director of Support Enforcement, who has the duty of enforcing "support orders that are registered with the Director in the manner that appears practicable." To achieve that goal, the Director is authorized to "commence, continue and conduct a proceeding and take steps for the enforcement of an order in the name of the Director for the benefit of a creditor, or of a creditor's child." Further provisions of the Act contain rules on the filing of orders, withdrawal of filing, the effect of filing, payment of money received by the Director, and access of the Director to information on the person liable to pay a support order, among other things. The Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Orders Act (No. 59 of 1988), enacted on July 8, 1988, sets forth rules on the enforcement of support orders in reciprocating jurisdictions. PMID:12344487

1989-01-01

81

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

82

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

83

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

84

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

85

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

86

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

87

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

88

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

89

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2012-10-01

90

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2010-10-01

91

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2013-10-01

92

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...established, modified or enforced, to the child support enforcement agency...

2011-10-01

93

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2011-10-01

94

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2013-10-01

95

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? (a) Tribes have...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe consistent with...

2012-10-01

96

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

97

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

98

LEGISLATING LOVE: The Effect of Child Support and Welfare Policies on Father–child Contact  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reducing non-marital childbearing and making nonresidential fathers take greater responsibility for their children were identified as goals of numerous policy changes since the 1980s. Child-support award rates for children born to unmarried parents have been quite low historically, leading lawmakers to focus on increasing both award and payment rates for this group. Nonmarital fathers are also much less likely to

H. Elizabeth Peters; Laura M. Argys; Heather Wynder Howard; J. S. Butler

2004-01-01

99

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

100

Order and chaos : articulating support, housing transformation  

E-print Network

This thesis presents an exploration on the theme of order and chaos, as a formal and social phenomenon, particularly as it relates to housing. The work stems from an attraction to the messy vitality we find in certain ...

Boehm, William Hollister

1990-01-01

101

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application for Federal at your college must compare information from your FAFSA with information you provide on this worksheet

Qiu, Weigang

102

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Qiu, Weigang

103

Accessibility and Order: Crossing Borders in Child Abuse Forensic Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicians write child abuse forensic reports for nonphysicians. We examined 73 forensic reports from a Canadian children's hospital for recurrent strategies geared toward making medical information accessible to nonmedical users; we also interviewed four report writers and five readers. These reports featured unique forensic inserts in addition to headings, lists, and parentheses, which are typical of physician letters for patients.

Marlee M. Spafford; Catherine F. Schryer; Lorelei Lingard; Marcellina Mian

2010-01-01

104

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

105

Mothers' and Fathers' Support for Child Autonomy and Early School Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions…

Developmental Psychology, 2008

2008-01-01

106

Media and Technology Support Services Video Duplication Order Form  

E-print Network

Media and Technology Support Services Video Duplication Order Form (Print this form, complete, and submit to: Media & Technology Support Services, Penn State University, Special Services Bldg., 1127 Fox service provided by Media & Technology Support Services, I hereby acknowledge that I understand

Babu, G. Jogesh

107

The roles of child support enforcement and welfare in non-marital childbearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This paper examines the effects of stronger child support enforcement and declines in welfare benefits on changes in non-marital\\u000a childbearing between 1980 and 1996. Economic theory suggests that stricter child support enforcement will increase the costs\\u000a of children for unwed fathers, making them less likely to have a child outside marriage. Reductions in welfare benefits also\\u000a are expected to

Irwin Garfinkel; Chien-Chung Huang; Sara S. McLanahan; Daniel S. Gaylin

2003-01-01

108

Child Support Act 1988 (No. 3 of 1988), 9 March 1988.  

PubMed

This Act provides for the collection of certain periodic maintenance payments in Australia. The goals of the Act are "1) that children receive from their parents the financial support that the parents are liable to provide and 2) that periodic amounts payable by noncustodial parents towards the maintenance of their children are paid on a regular and timely basis." In order to achieve these goals, the Act establishes a Child Support Agency and a system for registration of child support obligations. Such obligations, whether created by court orders or maintenance agreements, are to be entered by the Commissioner of Taxation in a Register and are to be deducted from the salary of the noncustodial parent by that parent's employer in the same manner as other deductions. Such monies are then to be paid to the custodial parent by the Department of Social Security. Appeals with respect to entries in the Register are to be made to the Family Court or other authorized courts. PMID:12289181

1988-01-01

109

An Evolutionary Perspective on Why Some Men Refuse or Reduce Their Child Support Payments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article begins by highlighting the sociological, macrolevel focus of previous work on the determinants of child support payments. We then highlight the value of addressing these issues from a psychological perspective. We argue that research and policy will benefit by em- bracing an explicitly evolutionary psychological perspective. We present several evolutionary hypotheses regarding the determinants of child support

Todd Shackelford; Viviana Weekes-Shackelford; David Schmitt

2005-01-01

110

Teacher support as a buffer between interparental conflict and child social skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child?raising issues on the social skills of middle?class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The prediction that teacher support buffers the association between

Solveig Spjeldnes; Gary Koeske; Esther Sales

2010-01-01

111

Increasing Family Support Capacity in Child Care Centers through Regional Networking and Information Sharing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Society as a whole has become more transient, creating a weakened network for families in need of assistance. The child care center has the ability to create a support system for families via referrals to outside agencies, support groups, and organizations. This practicum project assessed a strategy to address the difficulty a child care agency…

Rucker, Karen L.

112

2012 -2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID  

E-print Network

the information provided on this form. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information support, the name of the person to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom

Nelson, Tim

113

Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

2010-01-01

114

Family preservation and family support programs: child maltreatment outcomes across client risk levels and program types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study evaluated client-level outcomes among an entire statewide group of Family Preservation and Family Support (FPFS) programs funded under PL 103-66.Method: A total of 1601 clients (primarily low income, moderate to high risk with no current involvement in the child protection system) were assessed and followed over time for future child maltreatment events reported to Child Protective Services.

Mark Chaffin; Barbara L Bonner; Robert F Hill

2001-01-01

115

Case Studies of Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities: Travel and Field Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and evaluates 50 facilities and settings for play, child care, and early childhood development. Objectives of the research were to (1) sensitize the U.S. Army to the role of the physical environment in child play, care and development; (2) comparatively document and assess a sample of both military and civilian care…

Cohen, Uriel; And Others

116

Exploring controls on valley spacing in higher order fluvial channels with the CHILD Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Across a wide range of landscapes the ratio between the width of a mountain and the distance separating trunk channels exiting the mountain front (generally termed the valley spacing ratio) has been observed to be fairly constant, but the reasons for its uniformity are not well understood. Recent work also suggests that the ratio between the spacing of valleys and the characteristic length, or distance from the divide to where hillslopes transition to fluvial channels, (here termed the characteristic length ratio) is relatively constant in first order channels. We propose that the characteristic length ratio of higher order channels is a primary control on the valley spacing ratio. We explore how these ratios are linked together and the variables that may affect both of these ratios using the CHILD numerical landscape evolution model. Previous studies observed a linear relationship between valley spacing and characteristic length in first order channels, and we find that the relationship remains linear in higher order channels, demonstrating that the competition between hillslope and fluvial processes influences landscape morphology at all scales. Moreover, we also find that the characteristic length ratio for a given order channel is fairly robust and does not appear to be impacted by model initial conditions (such as initial topography) and precipitation patterns (such as orographic precipitation). For a fixed domain in our model, although the characteristic length may vary, the valley spacing ratio remains in the range observed in real landscapes. The ratio of mountain width to valley spacing remains relatively constant because the order of trunk channels varies with the characteristic length. In other words, for a given domain size (or mountain range width), a larger characteristic length can produce lower order trunk channels but with the same spacing value as higher order trunk channels with a smaller characteristic length. This competition between channel order and characteristic length may be one of the reasons why the valley spacing ratio is relatively constant across diverse natural settings. However, our model results also show that initial and boundary conditions may affect the maximum stream order in a domain, even though they do not affect valley spacing. As a result, the valley spacing ratio is more variable than the characteristic length ratio. For example, we find that more pronounced orographic precipitation patterns, or much steeper initial surfaces, can lead to more linear streams, less tributary branching and lower order trunk channels. In this case, the ratio between valley spacing and characteristic length remains the same, whereas the ratio between mountain width and valley spacing increases, but still remains within the observed range in natural landscapes. Finally, DEM analysis of three study areas supports our numerical results.

Han, J.; Gasparini, N. M.; Johnson, J. P.

2013-12-01

117

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

118

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

119

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

120

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

121

Unwed Fathers' Ability to Pay Child Support: New Estimates Accounting for Multiple-Partner Fertility  

PubMed Central

We present new estimates of unwed fathers’ ability to pay child support. Prior research relied on surveys that drastically undercounted nonresident unwed fathers and provided no link to their children who lived in separate households. To overcome these limitations, previous research assumed assortative mating and that each mother partnered with one father who was actually eligible to pay support and had no other child support obligations. Because the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study contains data on couples, multiple-partner fertility, and a rich array of other previously unmeasured characteristics of fathers, it is uniquely suited to address the limitations of previous research. We also use an improved method of dealing with missing data. Our findings suggest that previous research overestimated the aggregate ability of unwed nonresident fathers to pay child support by 33% to 60%. PMID:21305392

SINKEWICZ, MARILYN; GARFINKEL, IRWIN

2009-01-01

122

2013 -2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID  

E-print Network

support was paid, the names of the children for whom child support was paid, and the total annual amount. If asked, I agree to submit documentation supporting the information provided on this form. WARNING: If you purposely give false or misleading information on this worksheet, you may be fined, sentenced to prison

Nelson, Tim

123

Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

Newland, Lisa A.

2014-01-01

124

Historical Background of the Child Labor Regulations: Strengths and Limitations of the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the background of key legislative and regulatory milestones of the initial laws and federal child labor provisions limiting hazardous work by children in agriculture up to the more recent developments contributing to the proposed updates to the agricultural hazardous occupations orders. A summary of the key changes are described and the significant

Mary E. Miller

2012-01-01

125

Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.  

PubMed

Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

2013-01-01

126

5 CFR 870.803 - Child incapable of self-support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE PROGRAM Order of Precedence and Designation of Beneficiary...the employing office, at the time of making the election, a doctor's certificate stating that the child is incapable of...

2010-01-01

127

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

128

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

129

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and...

2012-01-01

130

Why Do Child-Directed Interactions Support Imitative Learning in Young Children?  

PubMed Central

Child-directed cues support imitation of novel actions at 18 months, but not at two years of age. The current studies explore the mechanisms that underlie the propensity that children have to copy others at 18 months, and how the value of child-directed communication changes over development. We ask if attentional allocation accounts for children's failure to imitate observed actions at 18 months, and their success at two years of age, and we explore the informational value child-directed contexts may provide across ontogeny. Eighteen-month-old (Study 1) and two-year-old (Study 2) children viewed causally non-obvious actions performed by child-directed (Study 1 & 2), observed (Study 1 & 2), or non-interactive (Study 2) actors, and their visual attention and imitative behaviors were assessed. Results demonstrated that child-directed contexts supported imitative learning for 18-month-old children, independent of their effects on proximal attention. However, by two years of age, neither directness nor communication between social partners was a necessary condition for supporting social imitation. These findings suggest that developmental changes in children's propensity to extract information from observation cannot be accounted for by changes in children's interpretation of what counts as child-directed information, and are likely not due to changes in how children allocate attention to observed events. PMID:25333623

Shneidman, Laura; Todd, Roisleen; Woodward, Amanda

2014-01-01

131

Ethnic Variations in Social Support Networks and Child Rearing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparing Ute Mountain Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos within several communities, this study examined: (1) ethnic differences in the structure and function of parents' support networks; and (2) the relation of social support to parental feelings of competence and parenting behaviors. From 4 sites in Colorado, 484 parents or guardians of 2- to…

MacPhee, David; And Others

132

Historical background of the child labor regulations: strengths and limitations of the agricultural hazardous occupations orders.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to review the background of key legislative and regulatory milestones of the initial laws and federal child labor provisions limiting hazardous work by children in agriculture up to the more recent developments contributing to the proposed updates to the agricultural hazardous occupations orders. A summary of the key changes are described and the significant differences between agricultural and nonagricultural regulations are highlighted. Recommendations for future policy are provided. PMID:22490029

Miller, Mary E

2012-01-01

133

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

134

Higher-Order Genetic and Environmental Structure of Prevalent Forms of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Context It is necessary to understand the etiologic structure of child and adolescent psychopathology to advance theory and guide future research. Objective To test alternative models of the higher-order structure of etiologic influences on 11 dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology using confirmatory factor analyses of genetic and environmental covariances. Design Representative sample of twins. Participants 1,571 pairs of 9-17 year old twins. Setting Home interviews. Main Outcome Measures Structured assessments of psychopathology using adult caregivers and youth as informants. Results The best-fitting genetic model revealed that most genetic factors nonspecifically influence risk for either all 11 symptom dimensions or for dimensions of psychopathology within one of two broad domains. With some notable exceptions, dimension-specific genetic influences accounted for modest amounts of variance. Conclusions To inform theory and guide molecular genetic studies, an etiologic model is offered in which three patterns of pleiotropy are hypothesized to be the principal modes of genetic risk transmission for common forms of child and adolescent psychopathology. Some common environmental influences were found, but consistent with a “generalist genes, specialist environments” model, there was little sharing of environmental influences. This implies that prevalent dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology mostly share their genetic liabilities but are differentiated by nonshared experiences. PMID:21300945

Lahey, Benjamin B.; Van Hulle, Carol A.; Singh, Amber L.; Waldman, Irwin D.; Rathouz, Paul J.

2012-01-01

135

Direct and Indirect Effects of Birth Order on Personality and Identity: Support for the Null Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors proposed that birth order affects psychosocial outcomes through differential investment from parent to child and differences in the degree of identification from child to parent. The authors conducted this study to test these 2 models. Despite the use of statistical and methodological procedures to increase sensitivity and reduce…

Dunkel, Curtis S.; Harbke, Colin R.; Papini, Dennis R.

2009-01-01

136

Computerized physician order entry and online decision support.  

PubMed

Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and decision support systems (DSS) can reduce certain types of error but often slow clinicians and may increase other types of error. The net effect of these systems on an emergency department (ED) is unknown. The consensus participants combined published evidence with expert opinion to outline recommendations for success. These include seamless integration of CPOE and DSS into systems and workflow; ensuring access to Internet-based and other online support material in the clinical arena; designing systems specifically for the ED and measuring their impact to ensure an overall benefit; ensuring that CPOE systems provide error and interaction checking and facilitate weight- and physiology-based dosing; using interruptive alerts only for the highest-severity events; providing a simple, vendor-independent interface for institutional customization of CPOE alert thresholds; maximizing the use of automated systems and passive data capture; and ensuring the widespread availability of CPOE and DSS using secure wireless and portable technologies where appropriate. Decisions regarding CPOE and DSS in the ED should be guided by the ED chair or designee. Much of what is believed to be true regarding CPOE and DSS has not been adequately studied. Additional CPOE and DSS research is needed quickly, and this research should receive funding priority. DSS and CPOE hold great promise to improve patient care, but not all systems are equal. Evidence must guide these efforts, and the measured outcomes must consider the many factors of quality care. PMID:15528576

Handler, Jonathan A; Feied, Craig F; Coonan, Kevin; Vozenilek, John; Gillam, Michael; Peacock, Peter R; Sinert, Rich; Smith, Mark S

2004-11-01

137

The Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers on Nutrition: The South African Child Support Grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of research that has argued that the income elasticity of nutrition is low, the goal of a new generation of cash transfer programmes to boost the nutrition of poor families' children may seem surprising. This observation applies especially to South Africa's unconditional Child Support Grant (CSG), in which cash grants are made to families with no strings attached.

Jorge M. Agüero; Michael R. Carter; Ingrid Woolard

2007-01-01

138

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

139

Making Child Mental Health `Everybody's Business': A Training Course for Family Support Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of the development and delivery of a mental health teaching and training programme offered to Family Support Workers (FSWs) working in a range of schools in an economically deprived part of Bedfordshire. The FSWs had received no prior teaching in the area of child mental health, or in ways of engaging and communicating with children

Alex Harborne; Marc Van Roosmalen

2008-01-01

140

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

141

Understanding and Supporting Parent-Child Relationships during Foster Care Visits: Attachment Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent visitation between parents and their children in foster care is the primary intervention for maintaining and supporting the development of parent child relationships necessary for reunification. This article examines the aspects of attachment relationships that provide an approach for understanding, assessing, and intervening in parent…

Haight, Wendy L.; Kagle, Jill Doner; Black, James E.

2003-01-01

142

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Early Childhood Edition, Kindergarten-Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with early elementary-aged children, specifically children in kindergarten through grade two, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

143

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

144

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

145

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

146

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

147

The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

Surles, Stephanie

2007-01-01

148

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment.  

PubMed

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3-15 in Chicago, we find that parents' family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression. PMID:23082038

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-07-01

149

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

150

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

151

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

152

Evaluation of an Online Peer Support Network for Fathers of a Child With a Brain Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre\\/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a

David B. Nicholas; Anu Chahauver; David Brownstone; Ross Hetherington; Ted McNeill; Eric Bouffet

2012-01-01

153

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

154

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher–child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation techniques. The study examined Banking Time effects in relation to changes in

Katherine C. Driscoll; Robert C. Pianta

2010-01-01

155

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

156

Computerized Physician Order Entry - effectiveness and efficiency of electronic medication ordering with decision support systems  

PubMed Central

Health political background Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems are software to electronically enter medication orders. They can be equipped with tools for decision support (CDS). In Germany, various vendors offer such systems for hospitals and physicians’ offices. These systems have mostly been developed during the last five to ten years. Scientific background CPOE-systems exist since the 1970’s. Usually, clinical decision support is integrated into the CPOE to avoid errors. Research questions This HTA-report aims to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of CPOE-/CDS-systems and their ethical, social and legal aspects. Methods The systematic literature search (27 international data bases) yielded 791 abstracts. Following a two-part selection process, twelve publications were included in the assessment. Results All reviews and studies included in the present report show that the use of CPOE-/CDS-systems can lead to a reduction of medication errors. Minor errors can be eliminated almost completely. The effect of CPOE-/CDS-systems on the rate of adverse drug events (ADE) is evaluated in only two primary studies with conflicting results. It is difficult to compare the results of economical studies because they evaluate different settings, interventions and time frames. In addition, the documentation often is not fully transparent. All four studies included measure costs and effects from the perspective of a hospital or hospital affiliation. Concerning social aspects, the literature points at changes regard competing interests of technology and humans that result from the implementation of CPOE-systems. The experience of institutions in which the implementation of CPOE-systems leads to problems showed that the importance of considering the socio-organisational context had partly been underestimated. Discussion CPOE-/CDS-systems are able to reduce the rate of medication errors when ordering medications. The adherence to guidelines, communication, patient care and personnel satisfaction can also be affected positively. However, the literature also reports negative effects, as through the use of CPOE-/CDS-systems new errors can be generated. This makes continuous revisions of the system, as well as data-updates necessary. Concerning the cost-benefit-ratio from the hospital perspective, the two qualitatively best economic studies show contradictory results. Therefore, a positive cost-benefit-ratio for individual hospitals cannot be assumed, particularly as the study results cannot be generalized. Conclusions If the implementation of CPOE-/CDS-systems is well planned and conducted, the system adapted to the needs of the institution and continuously reviewed, and data used are updated on a regular basis, the rate of medication ordering errors can be reduced considerably by using CPOE-/CDS-systems. However, it is not clear how this results in a reduction of ADE. Prospective, systematic multi-centre evaluation-studies with clear methodology are needed, which include an analysis of the user-friendliness and of social and technical aspects of the system. Such studies should evaluate the impact a CPOE-/CDS-system has on ADE-rates and mortality. A detailed description of the system used and of the hospital evaluated is essential. If possible, costs and cost effects should be surveyed and documented transparently. PMID:21289894

Sturzlinger, Heidi; Hiebinger, Cora; Pertl, Daniela; Traurig, Peter

2009-01-01

157

Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Ana-Maria Vranceanu; Stevan E. Hobfoll; Robert J. Johnson

2007-01-01

158

Attractiveness of child care and related employer-supported benefits and policies to married and single parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing demographics in the family and in the labor force necessitate creative solutions to the child care coordination problems that face employed parents with young children. The present study explores the appeal to 321 employed parents of various corporate-supported benefits and policies that enable parents to coordinate employment and child care. Major findings from the survey were that fathers as

Wendy A. Goldberg; Ellen Greenberger; Judith Koch-Jones; Robin O'Neil; Sharon Hamill

1989-01-01

159

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

160

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

161

The Child and World Order: Reflections on International Year of the Child. The Whole Earth Papers, No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection upon childrens' rights and needs and upon society's values with regard to children has been stimulated by the United Nation's designation of 1979 as the International Year of the Child (IYC). Conflicting images related to children and childhood have emerged as a result of this increased concern with young people. These include that…

Reardon, Betty

162

Ordered mesoporous silica as supports for immobilization of biocatalyst.  

E-print Network

??Mesoporous materials are of great interest to the materials community because of their potential applications for catalysis,separation of large molecules,medical implants,semiconductors,magnetoelectric devices.The thesis entitled 'Ordered… (more)

Ajitha, S

2008-01-01

163

Interorganizational relationships among family support organizations and child mental health agencies.  

PubMed

This study examined: (1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and (2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: (a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; (b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and (c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions. PMID:22865099

Acri, Mary C; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2014-07-01

164

Connectedness and autonomy support in parent-child relationships: links to children's socioemotional orientation and peer relationships.  

PubMed

Connectedness and autonomy support in the parent-child relationship are constructs that emerge from object relations and attachment theories but that overlap with other commonly studied qualities of parent-child relationships to provide a unifying focus for research in this domain. In this study, these constructs were examined in relation to children's relational competence, including socioemotional orientation, friendship, and peer acceptance. Semistructured conversations between mothers and their 5-year-olds (N = 192) were videotaped at home and rated for (a) connectedness between the members of the dyad and (b) the parent' s support for the child's autonomy. Results showed that connectedness was correlated with children's socioemotional orientations, number of mutual friendships, and peer acceptance and that the relation between parent-child connectedness and children's peer relationships was mediated by children's prosocial-empathic orientation. Implications of these findings for theories that link parent-child relationships to the development of relational competence in children are discussed. PMID:10902700

Clark, K E; Ladd, G W

2000-07-01

165

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2011-01-01

166

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2010-01-01

167

Child Labor in Pakistan: Coming of Age in the New World Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of child labor in Pakistan's export industries has become the topic of much controversy and in some ways has triggered the debate over trade and labor standards. Consumer protests and boycotts in the North have led to initiatives being taken by various national and international organizations. However, this article takes issue with the current projection of child labor

Saadia Toor

2001-01-01

168

Perinatal, infant, and child death rates among the Old Order Amish.  

PubMed

The Old Order Amish are a distinct ethnic group with a very high birth rate and patterns of perinatal risk factors quite different from those of the general population. This study reports marital fertility and perinatal, infant, and child death rates for an entire Amish settlement of approximately 10,000 individuals, centered around Geauga County, Ohio. All 6,623 births from 1948 to 1988 listed in a directory of Geauga Settlement Amish households were studied. The childbearing experience of all 475 married women over the age of 44 years was also described. Women aged > 44 years had a median of 8.3 births; 24% of the births were to women aged > 34 years. Despite a higher prevalence of several risk factors for perinatal and infant death among the Amish, neonatal and infant death rates for Geauga Settlement Amish have been very similar to the corresponding rates for white children in rural Ohio and the state as a whole. The beneficial aspects of Amish society that may lessen the impact of perinatal risk factors on mortality merit further study. PMID:8296784

Acheson, L S

1994-01-15

169

Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity of child, teacher, and peer reports of teacher-student support.  

PubMed

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse 2nd- and 3rd-grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and nonsignificant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with 2 latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with 1 factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N; Kwok, Oi-Man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-03-01

170

Improving Parenting in Families Referred for Child Maltreatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining Effects of Project Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Support is an intervention designed to decrease coercive patterns of aggressive discipline and increase positive parenting. This research evaluates Project Support in a sample of families reported to Children's Protective Services (CPS) for allegations of physical abuse or neglect; 35 families with a child between 3- and 8-years-old participated. In all families, CPS allowed the children to remain in

Ernest N. Jouriles; Renee McDonald; David Rosenfield; William D. Norwood; Laura Spiller; Nanette Stephens; Deborah Corbitt-Shindler; Miriam Ehrensaft

2010-01-01

171

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior, and family support networks. Data were gathered from 47

Stephen Erich; Patrick Leung; Peter Kindle; Sharon Carter

2005-01-01

172

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

173

Improving parenting in families referred for child maltreatment: a randomized controlled trial examining effects of Project Support.  

PubMed

Project Support is an intervention designed to decrease coercive patterns of aggressive discipline and increase positive parenting. This research evaluates Project Support in a sample of families reported to Children's Protective Services (CPS) for allegations of physical abuse or neglect; 35 families with a child between 3- and 8-years-old participated. In all families, CPS allowed the children to remain in the family home while the family received services. Families were randomly assigned to receive either Project Support or services as usual, which were provided by CPS or CPS-contracted service providers. To evaluate intervention effects, a multimethod, multi-informant assessment strategy was used that included data from mothers' reports, direct observation of parents' behavior, and review of CPS records for re-referrals for child maltreatment. Families who received Project Support services showed greater decreases than families who received services as usual in the following areas: mothers' perceived inability to manage childrearing responsibilities, mothers' reports of harsh parenting, and observations of ineffective parenting practices. Only 5.9% of families in the Project Support condition had a subsequent referral to CPS for child maltreatment, compared with 27.7% of families in the comparison condition. The results suggest that Project Support may be a promising intervention for reducing child maltreatment among families in which it has occurred. PMID:20545406

Jouriles, Ernest N; McDonald, Renee; Rosenfield, David; Norwood, William D; Spiller, Laura; Stephens, Nanette; Corbitt-Shindler, Deborah; Ehrensaft, Miriam

2010-06-01

174

Helen Gordon Child Development Center WAITLIST APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Helen Gordon Child Development Center WAITLIST APPLICATION Waitlist Application Fee: Checks should: $25 ­ Community Families 1609 SW 12th Ave. Portland, OR 97201 Child's Information (7:30-5:30) ______ HGCDC is an inclusive program. In order to best support your child, please let us

Lafferriere, Gerardo

175

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

176

Making Work Pay: How To Design and Implement Financial Work Supports To Improve Family and Child Well-Being and Reduce Poverty. How-To Guide: Technical Assistance for States and Localities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to design and implement financial work supports in order to improve family and child well-being. The information provided draws heavily from the study of these three programs that increased employment and earnings while improving employment stability, boosting income, and reducing poverty: Minnesota Family Investment…

Greenberger, Debbie; Anselmi, Robert

177

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior,…

Erich, Stephen; Leung, Patrick; Kindle, Peter; Carter, Sharon

2005-01-01

178

78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2013-02-20

179

77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2012-01-18

180

75 FR 81684 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2011 The Sarbanes-Oxley...Act''), established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2010-12-28

181

BEHAVIOR GUIDANCE FORM In order to guarantee a safe, positive and enjoyable environment for your child as well as the other children  

E-print Network

Recreational Camp. Therefore, no child's behavior should interfere with our right to carry out this program the rest of the group and sent to the Camp Director until the child's behavior has stabilized. A letterBEHAVIOR GUIDANCE FORM In order to guarantee a safe, positive and enjoyable environment for your

Hartman, Chris

182

Sound Investments: Financial Support for Child Care Builds Workforce Capacity and Promotes School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, the Southern Regional Task Force on Child Care, comprised of appointees from 16 southern states including Oklahoma and the mayor of the District of Columbia, with additional appointees from the other agencies, was formed with the charge of developing a plan to improve access to child care assistance for low-income families in the southern…

Southern Inst. on Children and Families, Columbia, SC.

183

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the…

Lynch, Meghan; Batal, Malek

2012-01-01

184

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

Zoll, Susan M.

2011-01-01

185

Comprehensive Child Development Program--A National Family Support Demonstration. First Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comprehensive Child Development Act of 1988 provided for the establishment of Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP) projects to be administered by the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF). A total of 24 CCDP projects were funded through 1990. The CCDP works with the family as a unit and integrates services across…

Hubbell, Ruth; And Others

186

Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

2011-01-01

187

Assumptions and beliefs about the role of AD dolls in child sexual abuse validation interviews: are they supported empirically?  

PubMed

The use of anatomically detailed dolls in child sexual abuse validation interviews is based on a number of underlying assumptions and beliefs. However, only over the last 12 years have researchers begun to evaluate the validity of these assumptions and beliefs systematically. This consideration of the existing AD doll empirical literature reveals that the support for some of the assumptions underlying the use of the dolls, as well as the surrounding beliefs, is available. However, for other assumptions and beliefs support is less firm, frequently contradictory, and sometimes absent. The evidence of support for these assumptions and beliefs is discussed and future research needs are identified. PMID:10160234

Skinner, L J

1996-01-01

188

Social Support Expectations and Strategic Ambiguity in Parent–Young Adult Child Divorce-Related Stressor Conversations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With communication privacy management and the divorce disclosure model as guiding frameworks, this study identified the stressors postdivorce families discussed as they mature, elucidated the types of social support parents and young adult children expected regarding divorce-related stress, and tested whether motivational and contextual factors prompted parents' use of strategic ambiguity while discussing stressors. By examining parent–child divorce-related stressor conversations

Tara G. McManus; Jon F. Nussbaum

2011-01-01

189

Linking child care and support services with the school: Pilot evaluation of the school of the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of an evaluation of two pilot Schools of the 21st Century (21C), a school-based services model which provides a comprehensive program of child care and family support to children from birth to 12 years old. Two elementary schools in Independence, Missouri, serving predominately middle-class white suburban communities, were tracked during their 2nd, 3rd and 4th

An-Me Chung; Laura Desimone

1998-01-01

190

Social support of parents: Influences on attachment and parent involvement with infants in full-time child care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, I investigate the links between parents' social support (SS), infant-parent attachment (Att), Parent involvement (PI), and life stress (LS). Forty-one infants, receiving at least 20 hours of family child care per week, and one of their parents (identified as the primary caregiver) participated. Attachment security Q-sort scores and Parent involvement ratings were based on home observations.

Cheryl Ann Fortner-Wood

1997-01-01

191

Early Parent-Child Interactions Predicting Later Child Behavior Problem Trajectories: The Role of Hostility and Supportive Presence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of early parenting behaviors on externalizing pathways over time. Specifically, we examined whether supportive presence and hostility in early childhood predicted externalizing behavior pathways across elementary school years in three possible ways: predicting initial levels of problems behavior, change in behavior over time, or both. Hierarchical linear modeling was

Karen Appleyard

192

Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79  

E-print Network

is a pay scale that not only sets wages high enough to discourage the rapid turnover common in civilian stands in stark contrast to the mixed bag of child-care options and spotty subsidies for civilians. "The

Rowley, Clarence W.

193

77 FR 38173 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the operation of circular saws, band saws, guillotine shears, chain saws, reciprocating saws, wood chippers, and abrasive cutting discs (Order 14). [FR Doc. 2012-15868 Filed 6-26-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2012-06-27

194

Formative evaluation of a collaborative community-based child abuse prevention project 1 1 This evaluation was supported by the Children’s Health Foundation of Northern Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Together for Kids is a child abuse prevention project that serves children and families in two neighboring communities in a mid-sized Canadian city. The project, a collaborative endeavor of various agencies in the health, social services, and law enforcement sectors, focuses on preventing child abuse and neglect through family support and programming. This article presents the results of a

JUDEE E. ONYSKIW; MARGARET J. HARRISON; Don Spady; Linda McConnan

1999-01-01

195

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

196

Parental and Peer Contributions to the Emotional Support Skills of the Child: From Whom Do Children Learn to Express Support?  

E-print Network

in emotional support skills become evident in early childhood, little is known about the social experiences that lead some children to become more skillful providers of emotional support than others. The present study assessed the influence of two socialization...

Burleson, Brant R.; Kunkel, Adrianne

2002-01-01

197

Supporting Information Nucleobase Orientation and Ordering in Films of Single-Stranded DNA on Gold  

E-print Network

Supporting Information Nucleobase Orientation and Ordering in Films of Single-Stranded DNA on Gold of DNA Monolayers on Gold Substrates. Polycrystalline gold films on single-crystal Si(100) wafers were used as substrates. Prior to the deposition of gold, the wafers were cleaned using a "piranha solution

Himpsel, Franz J.

198

A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.  

PubMed

The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

2014-10-01

199

The Development of Linear Ordering Preferences in Child Language: The Influence of Accessibility and Topicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When communicating with their interlocutors, adults have a robust preference to order previously mentioned ("old") referents in the discourse before mentioning referents that have not yet been introduced in the discourse ("new"). But in an experimental study investigating phrasal conjuncts, 3- to 5-year-olds acquiring German exhibit a "new-old"…

Dimroth, Christine; Narasimhan, Bhuvana

2012-01-01

200

An Analysis of the Order of Acquisition of English Grammatical Morphemes in a Bilingual Child. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study of bilingual language acquisition analyzes the order of acquisition of English grammatical morphemes in a child bilingual in English and Chichewa (a Bantu lanugage of East Central Africa). The order of acquisition obtained is compared to that obtained by Brown (1973) for monolingual English speaking children and that…

Chimombo, Moira

201

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

202

Do Relationship and Child Characteristics Predict Supportive Coparenting After Relationship Dissolution Among At-Risk Parents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative coparenting after relationship dissolution has been shown to be associated with increased father involvement which can buffer against the negative effects of parental relationship dissolution. Low-income, at-risk families are much more likely to experience relationship dissolutions; hence, coparenting after dissolution is particularly important in these families. We examined whether relationship and child characteristics predicted initial levels of, and change

Claire M. Kamp Dush; Letitia E. Kotila; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan

2010-01-01

203

Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

2013-01-01

204

Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child (ages 4-12) with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationships. Stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling…

Rivers, Jessica Wood; Stoneman, Zolinda

2003-01-01

205

Play at Home, Play in the Classroom: Parent/Professional Partnerships in Supporting Child Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the role of play in development of young children with disabilities considers the different forms of play as the child develops, the social nature of play, contexts and play materials, and the value of including play goals and strategies in the individualized family service plan or individual education program developed cooperatively…

Buchanan, Michelle; Cooney, Margaret

2000-01-01

206

Parental Denial: A Supportive and Productive Mechanism Following Traumatic Brain Injury of a Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although denial is usually viewed as a mechanism which impedes a family's adjusting to a child's permanent disability, the mechanism may also be viewed as a family ally which contributes to recovery and positive outcomes in brain-injured children. This paper reviews several types of denial seen in clinical settings and provides examples of both…

Williams, Dennis

207

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

208

Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

Yates, Tweety

2011-01-01

209

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... the CCTAN site. > What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

210

Review Paper: Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs.To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must understand

Gilad J. Kuperman; Anne M. Bobb; Thomas H. Payne; Anthony J. Avery; Tejal K. Gandhi; Gerard Burns; David C. Classen; David W. Bates

2007-01-01

211

A quantum question order model supported by empirical tests of an a priori and precise prediction.  

PubMed

Question order effects are commonly observed in self-report measures of judgment and attitude. This article develops a quantum question order model (the QQ model) to account for four types of question order effects observed in literature. First, the postulates of the QQ model are presented. Second, an a priori, parameter-free, and precise prediction, called the QQ equality, is derived from these mathematical principles, and six empirical data sets are used to test the prediction. Third, a new index is derived from the model to measure similarity between questions. Fourth, we show that in contrast to the QQ model, Bayesian and Markov models do not generally satisfy the QQ equality and thus cannot account for the reported empirical data that support this equality. Finally, we describe the conditions under which order effects are predicted to occur, and we review a broader range of findings that are encompassed by these very same quantum principles. We conclude that quantum probability theory, initially invented to explain order effects on measurements in physics, appears to be a powerful natural explanation for order effects of self-report measures in social and behavioral sciences, too. PMID:24027203

Wang, Zheng; Busemeyer, Jerome R

2013-10-01

212

Templated synthesis for highly ordered metal/support nanocomposite materials with catalytic applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Template synthesis is a powerful method of synthesizing materials with tunable properties. Tailorability of the templates makes it a viable method for high performance material synthesis. Surfactant, polymers and semiconductors have been used as templating tools for a long time. In the present work, we demonstrate the ability to synthesize hexagonally organized porous titania, zirconia and zirconia/titania mixed oxide supports and their respective nanocomposites of Pt from their alkoxide precursors using a highly viscous mixed surfactant template, separating nanoscopic bicontinuous channels of water and isooctane. Oil soluble precursor that eventually forms the support, precipitates at the oil-water interface mimicking the microstructure of the template. Subsequent reduction of Pt precursor in the aqueous nanochannels decorates the surface of the macropore walls with well-separated platinum (Pt) nanoparticles. This technique enables us to synthesize two components in a single template system by utilizing both oil and water phases. The composite formed possess a bimodal pore size distribution with one mean pore size ˜3.5nm (nanopores) and the other in the larger mean pore diameter regions ˜100nm-2mum (macropores), depending on the oxide support. Because of the decreased mass transfer resistance provided by the ordered and interconnected macropores in the support, the Pt/TiO2 nanocomposite exhibits a significantly higher carbon monoxide oxidation efficiency than that obtained with a commercial support that has a 4-fold larger specific surface area (at equivalent Pt loadings). We further demonstrate that simple changes in the post-synthesis processing can improve the properties of the material. Altering the drying technique and calcination temperature result in a substantial improvement in the specific surface area of the support material making them better than or comparable to the commercial support materials. We are able to synthesize materials with very low Pt loadings ˜0.05% (w/w). The nanocomposites are tested for CO oxidation and NOx reduction reactions. A comparison of the catalytic activity of Pt/ZrO2/TiO2 with Pt/TiO2 and Pt/ZrO2 showed that Pt/ZrO2 is most effect of the supports for NOx reduction reaction. This simple templated synthesis strategy for creating highly ordered composites has wide applications beyond the one reported here, including photocatalysis, photonic crystals, sensors and solar cells assemblies.

Sarkar, Jayashri

213

76 FR 14110 - Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109 of the Sarbanes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2011] Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109...purposes of the securities laws, any accounting principles established by a standard...body shall be payable from an annual accounting support fee assessed and collected...

2011-03-15

214

Enhancing ordering dynamics in solvent-annealed block-copolymer films by lithographic hard masks supports  

E-print Network

We studied solvent-driven ordering dynamics of block copolymer films supported by a densely cross-linked polymer network designed as organic hard mask (HM) for lithographic fabrications. The ordering of microphase separated domains at low degrees of swelling corresponding to intermediate/strong segregation regimes was found to proceed significantly faster in films on a HM layer as compared to similar block copolymer films on silicon wafers. The ten-fold enhancement of the chain mobility was evident in the dynamics of morphological phase transitions and of related process of terrace-formation on a macroscale, as well as in the degree of long-range lateral order of nanostructures. The effect is independent of the chemical structure and on the volume composition (cylinder-/ lamella-forming) of the block copolymers. In-situ ellipsometric measurements of the swelling behavior revealed a cumulative increase in 1-3 vol. % in solvent up-take by HM-block copolymer bilayer films, so that we suggest other than dilution effect reasons for the observed significant enhancement of the chain mobility in concentrated block copolymer solutions. Another beneficial effect of the HM-support is the suppression of the film dewetting which holds true even for low molecular weight homopolymer polystyrene films at high degrees of swelling. Apart from immediate technological impact in block copolymer-assisted nanolithography, our findings convey novel insight into effects of molecular architecture on polymer-solvent interactions.

Anja Stenbock-Fermor; Armin W. Knoll; Alexander Böker; Larisa Tsarkova

2014-05-13

215

Electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon as electrocatalyst and Pt catalyst support.  

PubMed

The electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon (BOMC) as an electrode material and Pt catalyst support were investigated. The BOMC was synthesized and its structure was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). More defective sites were introduced into OMC by the doping of boron. Six electroactive compounds were employed to investigate their electrochemical responses on BOMC and OMC modified glassy carbon electrodes. The BOMC, with more defective sites, exhibited high activity toward the electroactive compounds. The property of BOMC of supporting platinum nanoparticle catalyst was examined. Pt nanoparticles were loaded onto BOMC and OMC, and this was confirmed by TEM, XPS and thermogravimetric analysis. Pt nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2.62 nm were deposited on BOMC. The doping of boron into OMC facilitates the dispersion of Pt nanoparticles. Pt nanoparticles supported on BOMC (Pt-BOMC) and Pt nanoparticles supported on OMC (Pt-OMC) were electrochemically characterized. The electrocatalytic activity of Pt-BOMC toward methanol oxidation reaction was compared with that of Pt-OMC and commercial Pt-C catalyst. The results show that the electrocatalytic activity of BOMC is significantly higher than that of other used catalysts. PMID:24910045

Nsabimana, Anaclet; Bo, Xiangjie; Zhang, Yufan; Li, Mian; Han, Ce; Guo, Liping

2014-08-15

216

Unit fractions in the context of proportionality: supporting students' reasoning about the inverse order relationship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze a classroom design experiment, conducted in a fourth grade classroom, that served to explore an instructional path in which the introduction of unit fractions and supporting proportional reasoning coincide. Central to this path is the use of means of support in which the objects that unit fractions quantify are not characterized as equal-sized parts of a whole, but as entities that are always separate from a reference unit. We argue that such a path is crucial for helping students develop deep quantitative understandings of fractions, where fraction quantities are, from the very start, linked to the reciprocal and multiplicative relations that their use implies. We focus on the first part of the design experiment in which we helped the students make sense of a concept that is important for initial fraction learning and proportional reasoning, the inverse order relationship among unit fractions.

Cortina, Jose Luis; Visnovska, Jana; Zuniga, Claudia

2014-03-01

217

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

2004-01-01

218

Fostering Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and the purpose of this study was to examine teachers' implementation of Banking Time.

Katherine C. Driscoll; Lijuan Wang; Andrew J. Mashburn; Robert C. Pianta

2011-01-01

219

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

220

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support of a severe metabolic crisis in a child with methylmalonic acidemia.  

PubMed

A 9-year-old female, with mut phenotype of methylmalonic acidemia who developed severe vasoplegic shock during a metabolic crisis, was successfully supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. PMID:22711065

Stark, Ryan J; Naik-Mathuria, Bindi J; Lam, Fong W; Olutoye, Oluyinka O; Sutton, V Reid; Shekerdemian, Lara S

2012-01-01

221

Mother-child relationships as sources of support or stress: a comparison of competent, average, aggressive, and anxious dyads.  

PubMed

We tested the proposition that mother-child relationships can be sources of support or stress, by comparing patterns of mother-child interactions in a problem-solving task that children completed with their own and with an unfamiliar mother. 4 groups of preschoolers (n = 30 in each group)--identified on the basis of teacher ratings as socially competent, average, aggressive, or anxious--participated. Mothers of competent and average children were highly positive and reciprocal toward their own and unfamiliar children. Mothers of aggressive and anxious children were only positive and reciprocal toward unfamiliar children but generally indiscriminate (aggressive group) or aversive and negatively reciprocal (anxious group) toward their own. Children in all 4 groups tended to be reciprocal toward their own mothers, but only competent and average children were reciprocal toward unfamiliar mothers also. Aggressive and anxious children generally responded to unfamiliar mothers by ignoring or actively rejecting their overtures. Results (1) indicate that the relationship with the primary caregiver may serve as a major source of support or stress in the preschool years; (2) focus attention on the dynamic organization of interactions rather than on the presence or frequency of particular behaviors, indicating that a dynamic of reciprocity enables children and mothers to adapt positively to the ever changing demands of new social situations; (3) point to the need to develop new means of assessing relationships to better understand how they influence development; and (4) highlight the importance of incorporating transactional models in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood dysfunctions rather than accounting for them solely in terms of limited skills in parents or children. PMID:8112116

Dumas, J E; LaFreniere, P J

1993-12-01

222

Behavioral support to parents through a cellular-phone website that provides the degree of urgency for medical attention of a child.  

PubMed

When a child suddenly falls ill, the child's family assesses if medical attention is required immediately. However, even in case of minor illnesses, it is not possible to approach a medical institution after consultation hours, and the burden on doctors from overtime-emergency medical examinations becomes a social problem. This study proposes the use of a cellular-phone website that provides information about the degree of urgency for medical attention to parents, who can choose the child's symptoms on the cellular-phone website regardless of the time or place. Therefore, through this study, parents experimentally evaluated the cellular-phone website; also, the effectiveness of this method as a behavioral support for parents was also evaluated. When an advice about the degree of urgency for a child's treatment was taken from the cellular-phone website, the parents felt relieved. Thus, the distress faced by pediatricians may change completely. PMID:23920889

Iwasawa, Mariko; Miyahara, Jyutaro; Noriaki, Terasawa; Nozue, Hiroki; Sumazaki, Ryo

2013-01-01

223

Cognitive Analysis of Decision Support for Antibiotic Ordering in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are a method used to support prescribing accuracy when deployed within a computerized provider order entry system (CPOE). Divergence from using CDSS is exemplified by high alert override rates. Excessive cognitive load imposed by the CDSS may help to explain such high rates. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the cognitive impact of a CPOE-integrated CDSS by categorizing system use problems according to the type of mental processing required to resolve them. Methods A qualitative, descriptive design was used employing two methods; a cognitive walkthrough and a think-aloud protocol. Data analysis was guided by Norman’s Theory of Action and a theory of cognitive distances which is an extension to Norman’s theory. Results The most frequently occurring source of excess cognitive effort was poor information timing. Information presented by the CDSS was often presented after clinicians required the information for decision making. Additional sources of effort included use of language that was not clear to the user, vague icons, and lack of cues to guide users through tasks. Conclusions Lack of coordination between clinician’s task-related thought processes and those presented by a CDSS results in excessive cognitive work required to use the system. This can lead to alert overrides and user errors. Close attention to user’s cognitive processes as they carry out clinical tasks prior to CDSS development may provide key information for system design that supports clinical tasks and reduces cognitive effort. PMID:23616903

Sheehan, B.; Kaufman, D.; Bakken, S.; Currie, L. M.

2012-01-01

224

Photouncaging of ceramides promotes reorganization of liquid-ordered domains in supported lipid bilayers.  

PubMed

6-Bromo-7-hydroxycoumarin (Bhc)-caged ceramide (Cer) analogs were incorporated into supported lipid bilayers containing a mixture of coexisting liquid-ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) phases. The release of N-palmitoyl and N-butanoyl-D-erythro-sphingosine (C16- and C4-Cer) by the photolysis of caged Cers using long-wavelength UV light was studied using a combination of atomic force microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. This approach demonstrated the ability to generate Cer with spatial and temporal control, providing an alternative method to the enzymatic generation of Cer. The generation of C16-Cer from Bhc-C16-Cer disrupted the Lo domains, with the incorporation of small fluid-phase regions and the disappearance of some smaller domains. Cer-rich gel-phase domains were not observed, in contrast to results reported by either direct Cer incorporation or enzymatic Cer generation. The photorelease of C4-Cer from Bhc-C4-Cer resulted in qualitatively similar changes in bilayer morphology, with the disappearance of some Lo domains and no evidence of Cer-rich gel domains but with a smaller height difference between the ordered and disordered phases. PMID:23402522

Ramirez, Daniel M Carter; Pitre, Spencer P; Kim, Young Ah; Bittman, Robert; Johnston, Linda J

2013-03-12

225

Photo-uncaging of Ceramides Promotes Reorganization of Liquid-Ordered Domains in Supported Lipid Bilayers  

PubMed Central

6-Bromo-7-hydroxycoumarin (Bhc)-caged ceramide (Cer) analogs were incorporated into supported lipid bilayers containing a mixture of coexisting liquid-ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) phases. The release of N-palmitoyl and N-butanoyl-D-erythro-sphingosine (C16- and C4-Cer) by photolysis of the caged Cers using long wavelength UV light was studied using a combination of atomic force microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. This approach demonstrated the ability to generate Cer with spatial and temporal control, providing an alternative method to the enzymatic generation of Cer. The generation of C16-Cer from Bhc-C16-Cer disrupted the Lo domains, with the incorporation of small fluid phase regions and the disappearance of some smaller domains. Cer-rich gel-phase domains were not observed, in contrast to results reported by either direct Cer incorporation or enzymatic Cer generation. Photorelease of C4-Cer from Bhc-C4-Cer resulted in qualitatively similar changes in bilayer morphology, with disappearance of some Lo domains and no evidence for Cer-rich gel domains, but with a smaller height difference between the ordered and disordered phases. PMID:23402522

Carter Ramirez, Daniel M.; Pitre, Spencer P.; Kim, Young Ah; Bittman, Robert; Johnston, Linda J.

2013-01-01

226

Government Initiatives to Encourage Employer-Supported Child Care: The State and Local Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to identify a range of strategies that New York State government could adopt to stimulate business and industry to provide supportive family benefits, services, and work policies. The investigation included a national survey of state and local government initiatives and a special analysis of policies appropriate for New York…

Friedman, Dana E.

227

SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR DISCLOSURE OF CHILD OR ADULT SEXUAL ABUSE AMONG COLLEGE WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), dating violence, victim disclosure, and dating violence. It was hypothesized that women who were sexually abused as children, and who received negative or no support for disclosure would have higher rates of dating violence. The study surveyed 126 single, college women. The results

Jazmine Cuevas; Emilio C. Ulloa; Monica D. Ulibarri

228

What Does Your Child Really Know? Supporting Teachers to Listen Closely to Our Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Close listening and observation of children as an alternative assessment is a powerful approach that can help balance an emphasis on standardized measurement. The tool of Reggio-inspired documentation is described for families with suggestions on how to advocate and support teachers who want to tell a story about children's learning that…

Cox Suárez, Stephanie

2014-01-01

229

Can child care assistance in welfare and employment programs support the employment of low-income families?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policymakers have long recognized child care as a key ingredient in low-income parents' employability. We examine the effects of expansions in child care policies that were bundled with a mix of employment-related policies and implemented as part of several random assignment studies on families' child care access and cost. Almost all of these welfare and employment programs increased employment and

Lisa A. Gennetian; Danielle A. Crosby; Aletha C. Huston; Edward D. Lowe

2004-01-01

230

Can Child Care Assistance in Welfare and Employment Programs Support the Employment of Low-Income Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers have long recognized child care as a key ingredient in low-income parents' employability. We examine the effects of expansions in child care policies that were bundled with a mix of employment-related policies and implemented as part of several random assignment studies on families' child care access and cost. Almost all of these…

Gennetian, Lisa A.; Crosby, Danielle A.; Huston, Aletha C.; Lowe, Edward D.

2004-01-01

231

Management by Parent Objectives: A Case Study Establishing the Feasibility of Employer-Sponsored Child Care and Other Family Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the feasibility of family support programs as a means by which management may constructively respond to the changes in the workforce in order to fulfill its own objectives. The analysis takes into account both theory and practice, applying learned concepts to the design and execution of an actual feasibility study at a small,…

Friedman, Dana E.

232

Balancing Work and Family:The Role of Employer-Supported Child Care Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stress of balancing work and family demands has increased as more wives and mothers have entered the workforce. One way to alleviate that stress is through employer-supported, family-related benefits and policies. The purpose of this research is to determine what family-oriented benefits and policy options are being offered by businesses in one state, as well as the circumstances or

DIAN L. SEYLER; PAMELA A. MONROE; JAMES C. GARAND

1995-01-01

233

The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

2011-01-01

234

The role of perceived parent monitoring and support on urban child and adolescent problem behavior.  

PubMed

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8-17 years old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant. None of the models were significant for pre-teen males and lack of home monitoring was significant for teen males. Strategies for preventing problem behavior within urban communities will be more effective if they are tailored to gender and developmental factors. PMID:19821137

Aalsma, Matthew C; Liu, Gilbert C; Wiehe, Sarah E

2011-02-01

235

Exploring the Relations Among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms Among Sexually Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and did account for a significant amount of variance in relation to trauma

Carla J. Reyes

2008-01-01

236

A Person-Centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent-child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12-15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach,…

Weaver, Scott R.; Kim, Su Yeong

2008-01-01

237

Implementation of a Culturally Appropriate Positive Behavior Support Plan with a Japanese Mother of a Child with Autism: An Experimental and Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate a family-centered approach to positive behavior support (PBS) that was designed to be culturally responsive to families of diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds. A Japanese mother and a child with autism were the primary participants. Multiple research methods were used. A…

Cheremshynski, Christy; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Olson, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

238

Caregiving grandmothers with vs. without child welfare system involvement: Effects of expressed need, formal services, and informal social support on caregiver burden  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined needs, formal service utilization, informal support, and caregiver burden among grandmothers parenting grandchildren. Two groups were compared: 73 public and 108 private caregivers (with vs. without child welfare system involvement). Public caregivers used more formal services, particularly basic subsistence and legal services, suggesting greater access. Higher levels of need were associated with higher levels of caregiver burden.

Catherine Chase Goodman; Marilyn Kay Potts; Eileen Mayers Pasztor

2007-01-01

239

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

240

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

241

The Anti-Black Order of No Child Left Behind: Using Lacanian Psychoanalysis and Critical Race Theory to Examine NCLB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a period in which institutions have been refashioned to meet the demands of a complex social and political economy, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has helped to alter the public educational system. As scholars and researchers examine the material effects of NCLB, efforts to improve the educational system and its effects must also…

Wun, Connie

2014-01-01

242

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

2008-01-01

243

Appropriateness and imaging utilization: "computerized provider order entry and decision support".  

PubMed

Modern imaging methods have been transformative in improving medical care. Cross-sectional imaging has largely eliminated the need for invasive "exploratory" surgery and is widely used to triage acutely ill patients. However, how to best use medical imaging with ongoing concerns related to overall costs and radiation risks remains controversial. Imaging saves lives, but overuse of imaging can add unnecessary costs to the health system and add to the radiation burden of the population. In this article, the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria (ACRAC) are reviewed, while the Massachusetts General Hospital experience with a computerized physician (provider) order entry system and other approaches to utilization management are discussed. There are strong evidence-based indicators of appropriateness for a substantial percentage of common imaging applications and where this is the case, decision support systems based on ACRAC or other criteria can and should be used. Standardize health care delivery and elimination of wasteful practice variation can be achieved without the art of medicine being ignored or devalued. PMID:25107862

Thrall, James H

2014-09-01

244

31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.  

...a spouse and/or dependent child, other than a former spouse and/or child for whom support is being collected...processing garnishment orders for child support and/or alimony...adequate standard of living without program assistance. The...

2014-07-01

245

Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

Antonio, Chad

2009-01-01

246

Poor Dads Who Don't Pay Child Support: Deadbeats or Disadvantaged? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-30. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief uses 1997 National Survey of America's Families data to examine characteristics of poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support. Overall, poor fathers resemble poor mothers in educational levels and barriers to employment. Of the 2.5 million poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support, the two largest groups are…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

247

Linking high parity and maternal and child mortality: what is the impact of lower health services coverage among higher order births?  

PubMed Central

Background A number of data sets show that high parity births are associated with higher child mortality than low parity births. The reasons for this relationship are not clear. In this paper we investigate whether high parity is associated with lower coverage of key health interventions that might lead to increased mortality. Methods We used DHS data from 10 high fertility countries to examine the relationship between parity and coverage for 8 child health intervention and 9 maternal health interventions. We also used the LiST model to estimate the effect on maternal and child mortality of the lower coverage associated with high parity births. Results Our results show a significant relationship between coverage of maternal and child health services and birth order, even when controlling for poverty. The association between coverage and parity for maternal health interventions was more consistently significant across countries all countries, while for child health interventions there were fewer overall significant relationships and more variation both between and within countries. The differences in coverage between children of parity 3 and those of parity 6 are large enough to account for a 12% difference in the under-five mortality rate and a 22% difference in maternal mortality ratio in the countries studied. Conclusions This study shows that coverage of key health interventions is lower for high parity children and the pattern is consistent across countries. This could be a partial explanation for the higher mortality rates associated with high parity. Actions to address this gap could help reduce the higher mortality experienced by high parity birth. PMID:24564721

2013-01-01

248

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

249

Capacity of frontline ICDS functionaries to support caregivers on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Gujarat, India.  

PubMed

Improved infant and young child feeding practices have the potential to improve child growth and development outcomes in India. Anganwadi Workers, the frontline government functionaries of the national nutrition supplementation programme in India, play a vital role in promoting infant and young child feeding practices in the community. The present study assessed the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge of infant and young child feeding practices, and their ability to counsel and influence caregivers regarding these practices. Eighty Anganwadi Workers from four districts of Gujarat participated in assessment centres designed to evaluate a range of competencies considered necessary for the successful promotion of infant and young child feeding practices. The results of the evaluation showed the Anganwadi Workers possessing more knowledge about infant and young child feeding practices like initiation of breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and colostrum, age of introduction of complementary foods, portion size and feeding frequency than about domains which appear to have a direct bearing on practices. A huge contrast existed between the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge and their ability to apply this in formal counselling sessions with caregivers. Inability to empathetically engage with caregivers, disregard for taking the feeding history of children, poor active listening skills and inability to provide need-based advice were pervasive during counselling. In conclusion, to ensure enhanced interaction between the Anganwadi Workers and caregivers on infant and young child feeding practices, a paradigm shift in training is required, making communication processes and counselling skills central to the training. PMID:25384724

Chaturvedi, Anuraag; Nakkeeran, N; Doshi, Minal; Patel, Ruchi; Bhagwat, Sadhana

2014-11-01

250

3 CFR 13605 - Executive Order 13605 of April 13, 2012. Supporting Safe and Responsible Development of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...by regulating oil and gas activities on public and...greater use of natural gas in transportation, supporting...aimed at improving the safety of natural gas development and transportation...development of unconventional domestic natural gas...

2013-01-01

251

Going-to-Scale with the Early Risers Conduct Problems Prevention Program: Use of a Comprehensive Implementation Support (CIS) System to Optimize Fidelity, Participation and Child Outcomes  

PubMed Central

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically-dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L.; August, Gerald J.; Lee, Susanne S.; Lee, Chih-Yuan S.; Realmuto, George M.; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2012-01-01

252

Support and Reluctance in the Pre-Substantive Phase of Alleged Child Abuse Victim Investigative Interviews: Revised versus Standard NICHD Protocols  

E-print Network

that the same (or better) level of reliability was evident. Coders were blind to protocol condition. Analytic Plan The data were prepared so each conversational turn contained a dichotomous score for the presence of support and another dichotomous score... ., & Herbison, P. (1993). Prevalence of childhood sexual abuse experiences in a community sample of women. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(5), 911–919. Berliner, L., & Conte, J. (1990). The process of victimization...

Ahern, Elizabeth C.; Hershkowitz, Irit; Lamb, Michael E.; Blasbalg, Uri; Winstanley, Alice

2014-01-01

253

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-05-08

254

Please use this map as a guide on the road to finding services and supports for your child and family  

E-print Network

County to help you along the way. In this category, you will find services including legal benefits Immunizations, lead testing, fluoride supplements, child passenger safety seat grant program · WIC -Women, Infants, and Children: Supplemental foo

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

255

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT CLEARLY IN INK. ENCLOSE $10.00 MONEY ORDER  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT are required to keep a copy of this child abuse history record on file. Any person altering the contents IS NOT LISTED IN A REPORT OF CHILD ABUSE APPLICANT IS LISTED IN A REPORT OF CHILD ABUSE OR A OR A REPORT

Bushman, Frederic

256

To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

Clifton P. Flynn

1998-01-01

257

The Quality of Spousal Social Support as a Moderator of the Associations Between Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment has been linked to a myriad of long-term difficulties, including trauma symptomatology. However, not all victims experience long-term distress. Thus, a burgeoning area of research focuses on factors that may impede or facilitate resiliency to the psychological correlates of child maltreatment. Specifically, the severity of the abusive acts may be associated with greater long-term difficulties. To date, however,

Sarah E Evans

2010-01-01

258

Supporting Higher-Order Controllers for Magnetic Bearings in a High-Speed, Real-Time Platform Using  

E-print Network

Supporting Higher-Order Controllers for Magnetic Bearings in a High-Speed, Real-Time Platform Using several improvements we make on a previous, uniprocessor version of our real-time controls platform the controller. The results show a tremendous improvement in the overall throughput of this real time control

Skadron, Kevin

259

A Linearly Convergent Linear-Time First-Order Algorithm for Support ...  

E-print Network

? is the square of the ratio of the distances between the farthest and closest points in the two data sets. ... linear rate. For the support vector ... face of the unit simplex that contains this iterate (see Algorithms 4.2 and 5.1). Therefore, similar to [14] ...

2009-04-08

260

DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and breastfed infant Scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and breastfed infant pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from Merck Selbstmedikation GmbH submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of Germany, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the visual development of the unborn child and

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2009-01-01

261

DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and breastfed infant Scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and breastfed infant pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 1 Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following an application from Merck Selbstmedikation GmbH submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006 via the Competent Authority of Germany, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to DHA and support of the cognitive development of the unborn child and

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2009-01-01

262

Word Order and Particles in the Acquisition of Japanese. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehension of reversible active and passive sentences was studied with 48 Japanese children between the ages of two and six. Four types of sentences were constructed using passive and active structures and two word orders: subject-object-verb (SOV) and object-subject-verb (OSV). The basic order of elements in a simple sentence in Japanese is…

Hakuta, Kenji

263

Educational Outcomes of Children on Guardianship or Custody Orders: A Pilot Study, Stage 2. Child Welfare Series. Number 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a snapshot of the academic performance of children on guardianship/custody orders from 2003 to 2006, and changes in their performance over this period. This concludes a two-stage pilot study, the first of its kind in Australia. A considerable proportion of children on guardianship/custody orders are not meeting the national…

Hunter, Nicole; Topfer, Alex

2011-01-01

264

Multiple Order Gradient Feature for Macro-Invertebrate Identification Using Support Vector Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the feasibility of automated benthic macro-invertebrate taxon identification based on support vector\\u000a machines and a novel gradient based feature. Biomonitoring can efficiently pinpoint subtle environmental changes and is therefore\\u000a globally widely used in ecological status assessment. However, all biomonitoring is cost-intensive due to the expert work\\u000a needed to identify organisms. To relieve this problem an automated image

Ville Tirronen; Andrea Caponio; Tomi Haanpää; Kristian Meissner

2009-01-01

265

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

266

Effect of Peer Counselling by Mother Support Groups on Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: The Lalitpur Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective Our primary objective was to evaluate the effect of peer counselling by mother support groups (MSG's) in improving the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the community. Methods We conducted this repeated-measure before and after study in the Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India between 2006 and 2011. We assessed the IYCF practices before and after creating MSG's within the community. The feeding practices were reassessed at two time points–2 (T1) and 5 years (T2) after the intervention and compared with that of the pre-intervention phase (T0). Results The total population covered by the project from the time of its initiation was 105000. A total of 425 (T0), 480 (T1) and 521 (T2) mother infant pairs were selected from this population. There was significant improvement in the following IYCF practices in the community (represented as %; adjOR (95% CI, p) such as initiation of breast feeding within 1 hour at both T1 (71% vs. 11%); 19.6 (13.6, 28.2, p?=?<0.0001)and T2 (62% vs. 11%); 13.3 (9.4, 18.9, p?=?<0.0001); use of prelacteal feeds at both T1 (67% vs. 15%); 12.6 (CI: 9.0, 17.6, p<0.0001) and T2 (67% vs. 5%); 44.4 (28.8, 68.4, p?=?<0.0001); rates of exclusive breast feeding for 6 months at both T1 (50% vs. 7%); 13.6 (7.6, 25.0, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (60% vs. 7%); 20.5 (11.3, 37.2, p?=?<0.0001); initiation of complementary feeding at T1 (85% vs. 54%); 5.6 (3.6, 8.7, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (96% vs. 54%); 22.9 (11.8, 44.1, p?=?<0.0001) and complementary feeding along with continued breast feeding at both T1 (36% vs. 4.5%); 6 (1.15, 31.4, p?=?0.033) and T2 (42% vs. 4.5%); 8.06 (1.96, 49.1, p?=?0.005) as compared to pre-intervention period (T0) after adjusting for important social and demographic variables. Conclusions Peer counseling by MSG's improved the IYCF practices in the district and could be sustained. PMID:25369452

Kushwaha, Komal P.; Sankar, Jhuma; Sankar, M. Jeeva; Gupta, Arun; Dadhich, J. P.; Gupta, Y. P.; Bhatt, Girish C.; Ansari, Dilshad A.; Sharma, B.

2014-01-01

267

Order in supported phospholipid monolayers detected by the dichroism of fluorescence excited with polarized evanescent illumination.  

PubMed Central

A technique is described and demonstrated for measuring the orientation distribution of fluorescent molecules in a two-dimensional system. A laser beam is totally internally reflected at the interface between a glass slide and an aqueous solution, which creates a thin layer of evanescent illumination that excites fluorescent molecules near the interface. Molecules with absorption dipoles at different tilts from the normal to the interface are preferentially excited when the laser polarization is rotated. Approximately one-half of the emitted fluorescence is collected with an inverted microscope using a high-aperture objective. The fluorescence vs. polarization curve yields the value of an order parameter that is related to the orientation distribution of absorption dipoles. This technique is applied to phospholipid monolayers made at an air/water interface and transferred to hydrophobic glass microscope slides. Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine monolayers were doped with 2 mol% phosphatidylethanolamine labeled with the fluorescent moiety nitrobenzoxadiazole, either on an acyl chain or on the head group. The measured value of the order parameter for the head-labeled probe decreases as a function of the surface pressure at which the monolayer is transferred to the slide, as the surface pressure increases from 10 to 40 dyne/cm. The measured value of the order parameter for the chain-labeled probe is high for all coating pressures. These results can be interpreted in terms of probe partitioning into coexistent fluid and solid domains. Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine monolayers were doped with 2 mol% chain-labeled phosphatidylethanolamine, either free or covalently conjugated to a small peptide. In these monolayers, the measured value of the order parameter is high at all pressures. The technique presented here may also prove useful for measuring the orientation distribution of proteins bound to or embedded in a planar model membrane. PMID:6518254

Thompson, N. L.; McConnell, H. M.; Burhardt, T. P.

1984-01-01

268

Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare  

PubMed Central

Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

Glisson, Charles

2013-01-01

269

Psychosocial Support for War-Traumatized Child and Adolescent Refugees: Evaluation of a Short-Term Treatment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed psychosocial treatment program for war traumatized child and adolescent refugees. The program was designed to reduce emotional distress and improve psychosocial functioning.Method: Ten young Kosovan refugees (mean age 13.3 years) residing in Germany participated in the manual based intervention program. This multimodal program consists of individual, family and

Heike Möhlen; Peter Parzer; Franz Resch; Romuald Brunner

2005-01-01

270

Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems. Practice Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth who are involved with the juvenile justice and child welfare systems face many challenges and barriers to academic and vocational success. Regardless of the reasons for their involvement, youth in these systems are "disproportionately children and youth of color who currently have, or have experienced, a host of risk factors that are…

Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M. J.; Read, N. W.

2012-01-01

271

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

272

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Application of an Empirically Supported Treatment to Maltreated Children in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health…

Timmer, Susan G.; Urquiza, Anthony J.; Herschell, Amy D.; McGrath, Jean M.; Zebell, Nancy M.; Porter, Alissa L.; Vargas, Eric C.

2006-01-01

273

"Anchors Away!" Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive…

Muscott, Howard Steven; Pomerleau, Tina; Dupuis, Sherry

2009-01-01

274

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose $10.00 money order ONLY, payable to  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose to determine whether you are listed as the perpetrator in an indicated or founded report of child abuse the administrator the original document. Administrators are required to keep a copy of this child abuse history

Hardy, Christopher R.

275

In Search of Parity: Child Custody\\/Visitation and Child Support for Lesbian Couples Under “Companion” Cases Debra H. and In Re H.M  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is engaged in a national debate over whether to grant same-sex couples the rights and privileges of marriage. Supporters of marriage equality flood the media with images of jubilant same-sex couples simply wanting the chance to say their “I dos” and have the state formally recognize their shared love and commitment. The unfortunate reality is, however, that

Jason C. Beekman

2011-01-01

276

Technical support for digital systems technology development. Task order 1: ISP contention analysis and control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Alternatives for realizing a packet-based network switch for use on a frequency division multiple access/time division multiplexed (FDMA/TDM) geostationary communication satellite were investigated. Each of the eight downlink beams supports eight directed dwells. The design needed to accommodate multicast packets with very low probability of loss due to contention. Three switch architectures were designed and analyzed. An output-queued, shared bus system yielded a functionally simple system, utilizing a first-in, first-out (FIFO) memory per downlink dwell, but at the expense of a large total memory requirement. A shared memory architecture offered the most efficiency in memory requirements, requiring about half the memory of the shared bus design. The processing requirement for the shared-memory system adds system complexity that may offset the benefits of the smaller memory. An alternative design using a shared memory buffer per downlink beam decreases circuit complexity through a distributed design, and requires at most 1000 packets of memory more than the completely shared memory design. Modifications to the basic packet switch designs were proposed to accommodate circuit-switched traffic, which must be served on a periodic basis with minimal delay. Methods for dynamically controlling the downlink dwell lengths were developed and analyzed. These methods adapt quickly to changing traffic demands, and do not add significant complexity or cost to the satellite and ground station designs. Methods for reducing the memory requirement by not requiring the satellite to store full packets were also proposed and analyzed. In addition, optimal packet and dwell lengths were computed as functions of memory size for the three switch architectures.

Stehle, Roy H.; Ogier, Richard G.

1993-01-01

277

Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. Results The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula, Sipunculus nudus, is presented. All 37 genes characteristic for metazoan mtDNA were detected and are encoded on the same strand. The mitochondrial gene order (protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes) resembles that of annelids, but shows several derivations so far found only in Sipuncula. Sequence based phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein-coding genes results in significant bootstrap support for Annelida sensu lato, combining Annelida together with Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Conclusion The mitochondrial sequence data support a close relationship of Annelida and Sipuncula. Also the most parsimonious explanation of changes in gene order favours a derivation from the annelid gene order. These results complement findings from recent phylogenetic analyses of nuclear encoded genes as well as a report of a segmental neural patterning in Sipuncula. PMID:19149868

Mwinyi, Adina; Meyer, Achim; Bleidorn, Christoph; Lieb, Bernhard; Bartolomaeus, Thomas; Podsiadlowski, Lars

2009-01-01

278

Employer Supported Child Care: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. A Conference on Child Care as an Employee Benefit (Costs and Benefits, Successful Programs, Company Options, Current Issues). Conference Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many aspects of employer-sponsored child care programs--including key issues, costs and benefits, programmatic options, and implementation strategies--are discussed in these conference proceedings. Public policy issues, legal aspects of child care as an employee benefit, tax incentives for corporate child care, and funding sources for child care…

Haiman, Peter, Ed.; Sud, Gian, Ed.

279

A Simple Widespread Computer Help Improves Nutrition Support Orders and Decreases Infection Complications in Critically Ill Patients  

PubMed Central

Aims To assess the impact of a simple computer-based decision-support system (computer help) on the quality of nutrition support orders and patients' outcome in Intensive-Care Unit (ICU). Methods This quality-improvement study was carried out in a 16-bed medical-surgical ICU in a French university hospital. All consecutive patients who stayed in ICU more than 10 days with non-oral feeding for more than 5 days were retrospectively included during two 12-month periods. Prescriptions of nutrition support were collected and compared to French national guidelines as a quality-improvement process. A computer help was constructed using a simple Excel-sheet (MicrosoftTM) to guide physicians' prescriptions according to guidelines. This computer help was displayed in computers previously used for medical orders. Physicians were informed but no systematic protocol was implemented. Patients included during the first (control group) and second period (computer help group) were compared for achievement of nutrition goals and ICU outcomes. Results The control and computer help groups respectively included 71 and 95 patients. Patients' characteristics were not significantly different between groups. In the computer help group, prescriptions achieved significantly more often 80% of nutrition goals for calorie (45% vs. 79% p<0.001) and nitrogen intake (3% vs. 37%, p<0.001). Incidence of nosocomial infections decreased significantly between the two groups (59% vs. 41%, p?=?0.03). Mortality did not significantly differ between control (21%) and computer help groups (15%, p?=?0.30). Conclusions Use of a widespread inexpensive computer help is associated with significant improvements in nutrition support orders and decreased nosocomial infections in ICU patients. This computer-help is provided in electronic supplement. PMID:23737948

Conseil, Mathieu; Carr, Julie; Molinari, Nicolas; Coisel, Yannael; Cisse, Moussa; Belafia, Fouad; Delay, Jean-Marc; Jung, Boris; Jaber, Samir; Chanques, Gerald

2013-01-01

280

Don’t Fret, Be Supportive! Maternal Characteristics Linking Child Shyness to Psychosocial and School Adjustment in Kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore the moderating role of maternal personality and parenting characteristics in the links\\u000a between shyness and adjustment in kindergarten. Participants were 197 children enrolled in kindergarten programs (and their\\u000a mothers and teachers). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, behavioral observations, teacher ratings,\\u000a and individual child interviews. Results indicated that shyness was associated

Robert J. Coplan; Kimberley A. Arbeau; Mandana Armer

2008-01-01

281

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

282

Genetic algorithms optimization approach supported by the first-order derivative and Newton-Raphson methods: Application to fluorescence spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of genetic algorithms (GA) optimization approach supported by the first-order derivative (FOD) and Newton-Raphson (NR) methods to time-resolved polarized fluorescence spectroscopy, is discussed. It is demonstrated that the application of both methods to ?2 function reduces the number of adjustable model parameters. The combination of GA-optimizer with the FOD and NR methods improves considerably the efficiency of global analysis of kinetic and polarized fluorescence decays for solutions and organized media, including the case of excited-state processes.

Fisz, J. J.; Buczkowski, M.; Budzi?ski, M. P.; Kolenderski, P.

2005-05-01

283

Predicting the Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Women: The Role of Abuse Severity, Parental Support, and Coping Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and

Lex L. Merrill; Cynthia J. Thomsen; Barbara B. Sinclair; Steven R. Gold; Joel S. Milner

2001-01-01

284

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

285

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 2590.609-2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GROUP HEALTH PLANS...Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage...the requirements of a law relating to medical...

2013-07-01

286

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 2590.609-2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GROUP HEALTH PLANS...Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage...the requirements of a law relating to medical...

2012-07-01

287

Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways through Caregiving and the Home Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a…

McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

2007-01-01

288

Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development\\/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and practice, this mission has yet to be fully achieved. Practice or Policy: This paper

Brent A. McBride; Melissa Groves; Nancy Barbour; Diane Horm; Andrew Stremmel; Martha Lash; Carol Bersani; Cynthia Ratekin; James Moran; James Elicker; Susan Toussaint

2012-01-01

289

Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and…

McBride, Brent A.; Groves, Melissa; Barbour, Nancy; Horm, Diane; Stremmel, Andrew; Lash, Martha; Bersani, Carol; Ratekin, Cynthia; Moran, James; Elicker, James; Toussaint, Susan

2012-01-01

290

The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

1999-01-01

291

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

292

Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

2001-12-01

293

Measuring Child Care Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care quality is not a single dimension, but rather a multidimensional characteristic of programs that support the family in its child-rearing role and programs in which children thrive developmentally, socially, cognitively, physically, and emotionally. At the regulatory and accreditation level, approaches to quality focus on group size,…

Fiene, Richard

294

The Efficacy of Supported Treadmill Ambulation Training to Improve Gait in a Child with a Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the number one killer of young adults in the United States. For the patient with a traumatic brain injury, the primary objective of physical therapy is to facilitate functional, physical independence. When a patient is nonambulatory or dependent in ambulation, a body weight support system may enable him or her to engage in task-specific

Mike Binet; Brian Murphy

2003-01-01

295

Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

2011-01-01

296

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants. Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing…

Sieger, Karin; Renk, Kimberly

2007-01-01

297

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

298

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

299

Child Care as Welfare Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series from the Child Care Law Center, this issue of "Working for Change" discusses the need for quality, affordable child care as a support for working parents trying to break out of welfare dependency. This report details the current realities of poor parents who struggle to find and pay for child care while they work and those who…

Working for Change, 1995

1995-01-01

300

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

301

The Normalized Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes characteristics of the normalized child, the ultimate goal of Montessori education. First outlines children's basic needs, then describes traits of the normalized child, including love of order, work, silence and working alone; mutual aid and cooperation; profound spontaneous concentration; obedience; independence and initiative;…

Futrell, Kathleen H.

1997-01-01

302

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2011-07-01

303

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2010-07-01

304

Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

305

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

306

"And so They Ordered Me to Kill a Person": Conceptualizing the Impacts of Child Soldiering on the Development of Moral Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 300,000 child soldiers serve in various armed groups around the world, and become directly implicated in the perpetration of kidnappings, killings, and torture. Considering that children construct moral concepts and a sense of themselves as moral beings in the context of their everyday interactions with others, the concern with how…

Wainryb, Cecilia

2011-01-01

307

Childhood physical abuse, early social support, and risk for maltreatment: current social support as a mediator of risk for child physical abuse? 1 1 ? The research for this paper was conducted as part of the first author’s fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral degree and was under the direction of the second author  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The study investigated whether perceptions of social support in adulthood partially mediated the associations between childhood experiences (i.e., receipt of physical abuse and levels of early social support) and adult risk for child physical abuse.Method: Participants included 598 general population adults who completed self-report measures designed to assess childhood physical abuse, perceptions of early and current social support, and

Julie L. Crouch; Joel S. Milner; Cynthia Thomsen

2001-01-01

308

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... suicide or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

309

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

310

School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2009-01-01

311

Facilitators and barriers to screening for child abuse in the emergency department  

PubMed Central

Background To identify facilitators of, and barriers to, screening for child abuse in emergency departments (ED) through interviews with ED staff, members of the hospital Board, and related experts. Methods This qualitative study is based on semi-structured interviews with 27 professionals from seven Dutch hospitals (i.e. seven pediatricians, two surgeons, six ED nurses, six ED managers and six hospital Board members). The resulting list of facilitators/barriers was subsequently discussed with five experts in child abuse and one implementation expert. The results are ordered using the Child Abuse Framework of the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate that legally requires screening for child abuse. Results Lack of knowledge of child abuse, communication with parents in the case of suspected abuse, and lack of time for development of policy and cases are barriers for ED staff to screen for child abuse. For Board members, lack of means and time, and a high turnover of ED staff are impediments to improving their child abuse policy. Screening can be promoted by training ED staff to better recognize child abuse, improving communication skills, appointing an attendant specifically for child abuse, explicit support of the screening policy by management, and by national implementation of an approved protocol and validated screening instrument. Conclusions ED staff are motivated to work according to the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate requirements but experiences many barriers, particularly communication with parents of children suspected of being abused. Introduction of a national child abuse protocol can improve screening on child abuse at EDs. PMID:23092228

2012-01-01

312

Child development: vulnerability and resilience.  

PubMed

Many of the challenges facing children now are a function of changing times, including increase in urbanization, political violence, changing family forms, and in some areas decreased supplies of adequate food. This review focuses particularly on those changes in which children are the victims and which induce new threats for them, rather than on problems such as child disability or mental illness. The outcome variables of interest in this paper are dimensions of children's psychosocial development, including cognitive development, psychological adjustment and aggression, whereas the companion paper in this issue (Caldwell P., Child survival: vulnerability and resilience in adversity in the European past and the contemporary Third World, Soc. Sci. Med.) [1] focuses on physical aspects of children's development. The risks that are hurdles in the process of development of a young child begin from conception and carry on into later life. To address them all would be impossible; thus, in order to do justice to the issues at hand, we have chosen those risks that, in our view, are important in a child's psychosocial development in developing countries. This paper will thus provide a discussion of the concepts of risk and resilience, then apply these concepts to the analysis of three examples of risk faced by children today: nutritional threats (e.g. malnutrition due to decline in breastfeeding); family dynamics and types of family forms (e.g. child fostering and non-traditional families); and experiences of violence (domestic or political). In each case, the same four questions will be addressed: what are the consequences of the risk factor for children, what are the etiologies and conditions of risk, are there any children who seem to cope with the risk factor successfully and what are some of the protective factors, and what interventions or programs would help support these children? PMID:8870128

Engle, P L; Castle, S; Menon, P

1996-09-01

313

Enhanced catalytic performance of MnxOy-Na2WO4/SiO2 for the oxidative coupling of methane using an ordered mesoporous silica support.  

PubMed

The oxidative coupling of methane is a highly promising reaction for its direct conversion. Silica supported MnxOy-Na2WO4 is a suitable catalyst for this reaction. In this study, a variety of different SiO2 materials have been tested as supports. Surprisingly, the application of ordered mesoporous silicas, here exemplarily shown for SBA-15 as support materials, greatly enhances the catalytic performance. The CH4 conversion increased two fold and also the C2 selectivity is strongly increased. PMID:25302934

Yildiz, M; Aksu, Y; Simon, U; Kailasam, K; Goerke, O; Rosowski, F; Schomäcker, R; Thomas, A; Arndt, S

2014-10-23

314

The anatomy of decision support during inpatient care provider order entry (CPOE): Empirical observations from a decade of CPOE experience at Vanderbilt  

PubMed Central

The authors describe a pragmatic approach to the introduction of clinical decision support at the point of care, based on a decade of experience in developing and evolving Vanderbilt’s inpatient “WizOrder” care provider order entry (CPOE) system. The inpatient care setting provides a unique opportunity to interject CPOE-based decision support features that restructure clinical workflows, deliver focused relevant educational materials, and influence how care is delivered to patients. From their empirical observations, the authors have developed a generic model for decision support within inpatient CPOE systems. They believe that the model’s utility extends beyond Vanderbilt, because it is based on characteristics of end-user workflows and on decision support considerations that are common to a variety of inpatient settings and CPOE systems. The specific approach to implementing a given clinical decision support feature within a CPOE system should involve evaluation along three axes: what type of intervention to create (for which the authors describe 4 general categories); when to introduce the intervention into the user’s workflow (for which the authors present 7 categories), and how disruptive, during use of the system, the intervention might be to end-users’ workflows (for which the authors describe 6 categories). Framing decision support in this manner may help both developers and clinical end-users plan future alterations to their systems when needs for new decision support features arise. PMID:16290243

Miller, Randolph A.; Waitman, Lemuel R.; Chen, Sutin; Rosenbloom, S. Trent

2006-01-01

315

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2010-04-01

316

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2011-04-01

317

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2012-04-01

318

Chemistry/BMB Computer Acceptable Use Policy In order to maintain a secure and supportable computing environment for the faculty, staff, and students of  

E-print Network

Chemistry/BMB Computer Acceptable Use Policy In order to maintain a secure and supportable computing environment for the faculty, staff, and students of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, we have established the following policies regarding acceptable computer use for all members

Auerbach, Scott M.

319

Towards evolutionary and adaptive workflow systems-infrastructure support based on Higher-Order Object Nets and CORBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues of workflow systems adaptability and evolution capability are discussed from two perspectives, namely design and evolution of workflow systems from a continuous software engineering perspective as well as redesign and runtime on-the-fly modifications of workflow models from an application perspective. Special attention is paid to a suitable infrastructure support for designing more configurable and adaptive workflow systems. A new

Ingo Claßen; Herbert Weber; Yanbo Han

1997-01-01

320

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms ... Sledding Safety (Audio) International Adoptions Recommend Testing Foster Parenting Changing Your Child's Behavior Consistent Snoring in Toddlers ...

321

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

322

Child maltreatment in India.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

2013-11-01

323

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z Index MENU CDC A-Z SEARCH A B C D E F G H I ... Z # Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

324

Support Vector Machine-based Method for Subcellular Localization of Human Proteins Using Amino Acid Compositions, Their Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here we report a systematic approach for predicting subcellular localization (cytoplasm, mitochondrial, nu- clear, and plasma membrane) of human proteins. First, support vector machine (SVM)-based modules for pre- dicting subcellular localization using traditional amino acid and dipeptide (i 1) composition achieved overall accuracy of 76.6 and 77.8%, respectively. PSI-BLAST, when carried out using a similarity-based search against a nonredundant data

Aarti Garg; Manoj Bhasin; Gajendra P. S. Raghava

325

Ordered subset linkage analysis supports a susceptibility locus for age-related macular degeneration on chromosome 16p12  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that is responsible for the majority of central vision loss in older adults living in developed countries. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity complicate the analysis of genome-wide scans for AMD susceptibility loci. The ordered subset analysis (OSA) method is an approach for reducing heterogeneity, increasing statistical power for detecting linkage, and helping

Silke Schmidt; William K Scott; Eric A Postel; Anita Agarwal; Elizabeth R Hauser; John R Gilbert; Michael B Gorin; Jonathan L Haines; Margaret A Pericak-Vance

2004-01-01

326

Probing Membrane Order and Topography in Supported Lipid Bilayers by Combined Polarized Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence-Atomic Force Microscopy  

PubMed Central

Determining the local structure, dynamics, and conformational requirements for protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in membranes is critical to understanding biological processes ranging from signaling to the translocating and membranolytic action of antimicrobial peptides. We report here the application of a combined polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy-in situ atomic force microscopy platform. This platform's ability to image membrane orientational order was demonstrated on DOPC/DSPC/cholesterol model membranes containing the fluorescent membrane probe, DiI-C20 or BODIPY-PC. Spatially resolved order parameters and fluorophore tilt angles extracted from the polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy images were in good agreement with the topographical details resolved by in situ atomic force microscopy, portending use of this technique for high-resolution characterization of membrane domain structures and peptide-membrane interactions. PMID:19254557

Oreopoulos, John; Yip, Christopher M.

2009-01-01

327

Phylogenomic Data Support a Seventh Order of Methylotrophic Methanogens and Provide Insights into the Evolution of Methanogenesis  

PubMed Central

Increasing evidence from sequence data from various environments, including the human gut, suggests the existence of a previously unknown putative seventh order of methanogens. The first genomic data from members of this lineage, Methanomassiliicoccus luminyensis and “Candidatus Methanomethylophilus alvus,” provide insights into its evolutionary history and metabolic features. Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal proteins robustly indicates a monophyletic group independent of any previously known methanogenic order, which shares ancestry with the Marine Benthic Group D, the Marine Group II, the DHVE2 group, and the Thermoplasmatales. This phylogenetic position, along with the analysis of enzymes involved in core methanogenesis, strengthens a single ancient origin of methanogenesis in the Euryarchaeota and indicates further multiple independent losses of this metabolism in nonmethanogenic lineages than previously suggested. Genomic analysis revealed an unprecedented loss of the genes coding for the first six steps of methanogenesis from H2/CO2 and the oxidative part of methylotrophic methanogenesis, consistent with the fact that M. luminyensis and “Ca. M. alvus” are obligate H2-dependent methylotrophic methanogens. Genomic data also suggest that these methanogens may use a large panel of methylated compounds. Phylogenetic analysis including homologs retrieved from environmental samples indicates that methylotrophic methanogenesis (regardless of dependency on H2) is not restricted to gut representatives but may be an ancestral characteristic of the whole order, and possibly also of ancient origin in the Euryarchaeota. 16S rRNA and McrA trees show that this new order of methanogens is very diverse and occupies environments highly relevant for methane production, therefore representing a key lineage to fully understand the diversity and evolution of methanogenesis. PMID:23985970

Borrel, Guillaume; O'Toole, Paul W.; Harris, Hugh M.B.; Peyret, Pierre; Brugere, Jean-Francois; Gribaldo, Simonetta

2013-01-01

328

Child Welfare Training in Child Psychiatry Residency: A Program Director Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study surveys child psychiatry residency program directors in order to 1) characterize child welfare training experiences for child psychiatry residents; 2) evaluate factors associated with the likelihood of program directors' endorsing the adequacy of their child welfare training; and 3) assess program directors'…

Lee, Terry G.; Cox, Julia R.; Walker, Sarah C.

2013-01-01

329

Capacity building in the health sector to improve care for child nutrition and development.  

PubMed

The effectiveness of interventions promoting healthy child growth and development depends upon the capacity of the health system to deliver a high-quality intervention. However, few health workers are trained in providing integrated early child-development services. Building capacity entails not only training the frontline worker, but also mobilizing knowledge and support to promote early child development across the health system. In this paper, we present the paradigm shift required to build effective partnerships between health workers and families in order to support children's health, growth, and development, the practical skills frontline health workers require to promote optimal caregiving, and the need for knowledge mobilization across multiple institutional levels to support frontline health workers. We present case studies illustrating challenges and success stories around capacity development. There is a need to galvanize increased commitment and resources to building capacity in health systems to deliver early child-development services. PMID:24571217

Yousafzai, Aisha K; Rasheed, Muneera A; Daelmans, Bernadette; Manji, Sheila; Arnold, Caroline; Lingam, Raghu; Muskin, Joshua; Lucas, Jane E

2014-01-01

330

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care—Related Work Disruptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents’ job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child care—related work disruption using two samples

Nicole D. Forry; Sandra L. Hofferth

2011-01-01

331

The Effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry and Decision Support System on Medication Errors in the Neonatal Ward: Experiences from an Iranian Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication dosing errors are frequent in neonatal wards. In an Iranian neonatal ward, a 7.5 months study was designed in three\\u000a periods to compare the effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) without and with decision support functionalities in reducing non-intercepted medication dosing errors in antibiotics and anticonvulsants.\\u000a Before intervention (Period 1), error rate was 53%, which did not significantly change

Alireza Kazemi; Johan Ellenius; Faramarz Pourasghar; Shahram Tofighi; Aref Salehi; Ali Amanati; Uno G. H. Fors

2011-01-01

332

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

333

Teacher Education, Motivation, Compensation, Workplace Support, and Links to Quality of Center-Based Child Care and Teachers' Intention to Stay in the Early Childhood Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early…

Torquati, Julia C.; Raikes, Helen; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.

2007-01-01

334

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

335

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

336

The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. Workers who compete with children in the labor market support a child labor ban, unless their own working children provide a large fraction of family income. Fertility decisions lock agents into specific political preferences, and multiple steady states can arise. The introduction of child labor laws can be

Matthias Doepke; Fabrizio Zilibotti

2005-01-01

337

Helping Your Preschool Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first five years of a child's life are a time of physical, emotional, and cognitive growth. The amount of support children receive during these early years can be strongly connected to the level of success they achieve later in life. Children whose families involve them in activities that allow them to wonder and experiment often take pleasure…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

338

Dateline Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Clinton administration's budget decisions concerning Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant; the Children's Defense Fund's support of Clinton administration policies; cuts in United Way aid to local charities; and the ineligibility of a center at which Bible stories are read to receive a Small Business…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1993

1993-01-01

339

"They're Gonna Explain to Us What Makes a Cube a Cube?" Geometrical Properties as Contingent Achievement of Sequentially Ordered Child-Centered Mathematics Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

2012-01-01

340

Girl child and social change.  

PubMed

This article discusses the state of social change and the disparity between India's Constitutional aims and actual practice in addressing gender inequality and the special risks of female children in India. The second part of this article summarizes Constitutional articles and laws relating to protection of women and a girl child. Before birth, a female child is at risk of fetal death. A woman is at risk of poorly performed abortions and maternal mortality. After birth, a girl child is at risk of child care of younger siblings, housework, lack of education, wage work for the household, sexual abuse, vulnerability at work or school or on the street, murder by her parents, abuse, malnutrition, and desertion. The SAARC summit declared 1990 the Year of the Girl Child. UN conventions and a world summit focused on the Rights of the Child. A child has a right to freedom from exploitation, neglect and abuse, and access to food, health care, and education. Articles 14, 15, and 16 of India's Constitution guarantee protection from discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth and equality of opportunity in public employment. Article 23 prohibits trafficking in humans and forced labor. Article 24 prohibits child labor under the age of 14 years. Article 39 assures an adequate means of livelihood, equal pay, and protection from child abuse and economic pressure to work in jobs unsuitable to a child's age and strength. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education up to 14 years of age. Article 51 prohibits derogatory practices against women. Article 325 and 326 prohibits sex discrimination. Other laws pertain to dowry, marriage age, prostitution, abortion, juvenile justice, kidnapping, obscenity, procurement of a minor, sexual offenses, divorce and child support, child care, maternity benefits, and cruelty by a husband or relatives. The girl child in India continues to live in perpetual threat, both physiological and psychological. PMID:12157998

Seth, P

1995-01-01

341

"They're gonna explain to us what makes a cube a cube?" Geometrical properties as contingent achievement of sequentially ordered child-centered mathematics lessons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order phenomenon that may be summarized by the aphorism that mind is in society to the extent that society is in the mind. In this study, we show, drawing on exemplifying materials from a second-grade unit on three-dimensional geometry, how mathematics manifests itself both as objective science all the while being subjectively produced. A particular three-turn interactional sequence comes to play a central role. We conclude by re-assigning a positive role to a much-maligned sequentially ordered conversational routine.

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

2012-09-01

342

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

343

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

344

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... embarrassment. You may see some changes in your child’s behavior at first. Sometimes teenagers have a harder time ... You being open and natural will help your child’s behavior stay positive. Help your child learn how to ...

345

[Repercussion of child malnutrition in the family].  

PubMed

Children's nutritional condition reflects both their food consumption and health condition. These factors depend on the food available at home, salubriousness, the environment and the care the child receives. This qualitative study presents perceptions and feelings in order to understand how families live with the problem of child malnutrition. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and observations, involving 10 mothers of undernourished children in the suburbs of Fortaleza-Ceará, Brazil. The transcriptions of their discourse revealed the theme categories unemployment and food insecurity. The synthesis of the categories under analysis evidenced that the hunger problem is characteristic by the family's insecurity. Thus, they search for support options, such as health centers, relatives, church and community. There is a need to prioritize preventive work, through public health policies, aimed at measures related to the real world of health promotion. PMID:16444405

Frota, Mirna Albuquerque; Barroso, Maria Grasiela Teixeira

2005-01-01

346

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

347

Child emotional security and interparental conflict.  

PubMed

Guided by the emotional security hypothesis developed by Davies & Cummings (1994), studies were conducted to test a conceptual refinement of children's adjustment to parental conflict in relation to hypotheses of other prominent theories. Study 1 examined whether the pattern of child responses to simulations of adult conflict tactics and topics was consistent with the emotional security hypothesis and social learning theory in a sample of 327 Welsh children. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, child reports of fear, avoidance, and involvement were especially prominent responses to destructive conflict. Study 2 examined the relative roles of child emotional insecurity and social-cognitive appraisals in accounting for associations between parental conflict and child psychological symptoms in a sample of 285 Welsh children and parents. Findings indicated that child emotional insecurity was a robust intervening process in the prospective links between parental conflict and child maladjustment even when intervening processes proposed in the social-cognitive models were included in the analyses. Studies 3 and 4 explored pathways among parental conflict, child emotional insecurity, and psychological adjustment in the broader family context with a sample of 174 children and mothers. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, Study 3 findings indicated that child insecurity continued to mediate the link between parental conflict and child maladjustment even after specifying the effects of other parenting processes. Parenting difficulties accompanying interparental conflict were related to child maladjustment through their association with insecure parent-child attachment. In support of the emotional security hypothesis, Study 4 findings indicated that family instability, parenting difficulties, and parent-child attachment insecurity potentiated mediational pathways among parental conflict, child insecurity, and maladjustment. Family cohesiveness, interparental satisfaction, and interparental expressiveness appeared to be protective factors in these mediational paths. No support was found for the social learning theory prediction that parent-child warmth would amplify associations between parental conflict and child disruptive behaviors. PMID:12528424

Davies, Patrick T; Harold, Gordon T; Goeke-Morey, Marcie C; Cummings, E Mark; Shelton, Katherine; Rasi, Jennifer A

2002-01-01

348

Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use unique retrospective family background data from the 2003 wave of the British Household Panel Survey to explore the degree to which family size and birth order affect a child’s subsequent educational attainment. Theory suggests a trade off between child quantity and ‘quality’. Family size might adversely affect the production of child quality within a family. A number of

Alison L Booth; Hiau Joo Kee

2006-01-01

349

Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use unique retrospective family background data from the 2003 wave of the British Household Panel Survey to explore the degree to which family size and birth order affect a child’s subsequent educational attainment. Theory suggests a trade off between child quantity and ‘quality’. Family size might adversely affect the production of child quality within a family. A number of

Alison Booth; Hiau Joo Kee

2005-01-01

350

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

351

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

352

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

353

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

354

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

355

Child life services.  

PubMed

Child life programs are an important component of pediatric hospital-based care to address the psychosocial concerns that accompany hospitalization and other health care experiences. Child life specialists focus on the optimal development and well-being of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults while promoting coping skills and minimizing the adverse effects of hospitalization, health care, and/or other potentially stressful experiences. Using therapeutic play, expressive modalities, and psychological preparation as primary tools, in collaboration with the entire health care team and family, child life interventions facilitate coping and adjustment at times and under circumstances that might otherwise prove overwhelming for the child. Play and developmentally appropriate communication are used to: (1) promote optimal development; (2) educate children and families about health conditions; (3) prepare children and families for medical events or procedures; (4) plan and rehearse useful coping and pain management strategies; (5) help children work through feelings about past or impending experiences; and (6) establish therapeutic relationships with patients, siblings, and parents to support family involvement in each child's care. PMID:24777212

2014-05-01

356

Employer Child Care Organizations Eye Changing Economics: Employer Child Care Status Report #16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the intervening years, the question of whether corporations should be in the child care business has been answered. Employers no longer question whether providing child care support for employees is a good idea; the key question now is whether they can afford it. This article reports that research for the employer child care status report finds…

Neugebauer, Roger

2008-01-01

357

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the passage of welfare reform, parents’ ability to not only obtain, but maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents’ job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the relationship between receiving a child care subsidy and the likelihood of experiencing a child care-related work disruption using two samples

Nicole D. Forry; Sandra L. Hofferth

2009-01-01

358

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

359

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes. PMID:20334720

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

360

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2011-04-01

361

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2011-04-01

362

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2013-04-01

363

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2010-04-01

364

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

... 2012-04-01 true When a natural child is dependent. 222.51 Section 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's...

2014-04-01

365

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2012-04-01

366

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2013-04-01

367

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2014-04-01

368

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2014-04-01

369

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2012-04-01

370

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

...2012-04-01 true When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's...

2014-04-01

371

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2010-04-01

372

76 FR 65927 - Certification and Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 Memorandum...Pursuant to section 404 of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA...government-supported use of child soldiers and to ensure that no...

2011-10-25

373

Evaluating a bereavement follow-up intervention for grieving fathers and their experiences of support after the death of a child--a pilot study.  

PubMed

This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for measuring fathers' experiences of the intervention program. Assessment at 6 months after leaving the hospital showed that intervention fathers reported lower grief reaction scores and stronger personal growth. Intervention fathers reported the most emotional support from both health care personnel and peer supporters. The support received was perceived as helpful in coping, and fathers rated the intervention favorably. The findings support the continuation of the intervention. PMID:24501857

Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Päivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

2011-01-01

374

Sucrose-assisted synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous CeO2 and its use as a support for promotional catalytic performance of CO oxidation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, several three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) CeO2 having hierarchical pore structure were successfully prepared via a dual ‘hard-soft’ templating strategy using Ce(NO3)3·6H2O containing sucrose as the ceria precursor. The resulting CeO2 samples were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, which showed that the hierarchical 3DOM CeO2 possessed interconnected networks of the ordered macropore structures with large mesopores, and both the BET surface area and pore volume increased significantly compared with the conventional 3DOM CeO2. The content of sucrose had a great effect on the textural parameters of the 3DOM CeO2. The improved textural parameters should be attributed to the emergence of mesopores in the interconnected three-dimensional skeleton, which were formed by oxidative removal of carbon produced from carbonization of sucrose. The hierarchical 3DOM CeO2 exhibited a superior performance to the conventional 3DOM or bulk CeO2 when used as supports for Ir catalysts in CO oxidation.

Liu, Zhi; Tan, Xiuli; Lv, Cong

2013-10-01

375

Child Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A nonprofit research organization dedicated to improving the lives of children and their families, Child Trends conducts research and evaluation studies in areas including teenage pregnancy and childbearing, the effects of welfare and poverty on children, and parenting issues such as family structure and processes. A "one-stop shop for the latest trends in child and youth well-being," this Web site provides an extensive amount of information on youth issues, including essays and news releases, research briefs, fact sheets, and much more. Additionally, the site also contains a list of its current projects, categorized by research area. Easily navigable, this site is valuable for parents, social workers, teachers, child psychologists, and anyone else interested in youth related issues.

2002-01-01

376

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Skip sharing on social ... Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

377

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

378

76 FR 19261 - National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to prevent and treat child abuse. Last December...into law the CAPTA (Child Abuse Prevention and...mental illness, and domestic violence. We are also supporting...improve outcomes for young children. As a Nation, we...

2011-04-06

379

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... the child will develop serious problems as an adult. For additional information see Facts for Families : #4 The Depressed Child #5 Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking ...

380

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... play in managing your child?s hearing loss. The Audiologist The audiologist is likely to be the first professional you ... initial news regarding your child?s hearing loss. The audiologist will carry out behavioral or objective testing (such ...

381

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

382

Structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr nanoparticles from a disordered to an ordered phase as a durable oxygen reduction electrocatalyst  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sluggish oxygen reduction kinetics and insufficient durability of cathode catalysts restrict the practical application of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. This study focuses on the structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr from a disordered to an ordered phase and on the effect of such structural transformation on oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and durability. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results confirm the formation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles with a mean particle size of ca. 7.2 nm. Line scanning EDX reveals that the practical Pt-Cr atomic ratio is approximately 3 : 1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results indicate that the proportion of metallic Pt increases while the binding energy of Pt 4f decreases with such structural transformation. The Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit enhanced mass and specific activities toward the ORR compared with commercial Pt/C but slightly lower mass activity than the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles. After the accelerated durability test for 5000 cycles, the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles displayed negligible decay in ORR mass activity; however the ORR mass activity on the isordered Pt3Cr alloy decreases to ca. 50%. Much enhanced durability of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles toward the ORR is definitely caused by the much higher structural and compositional stabilities of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles than that of the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles, suggesting that the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles may serve as highly active and durable ORR electrocatalysts for practical application.

Zou, Liangliang; Li, Jun; Yuan, Ting; Zhou, Yi; Li, Xuemei; Yang, Hui

2014-08-01

383

Project CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document described Project CHILD, a program of educational change and curriculum development for disadvantaged prekindergarten and kindergarten children. The historical part of this report indicates that the project began in 1966 with a small-scale study of teacher behavior and children's responses in a few classrooms in a Harlem school…

Robison, Helen F.; And Others

384

BATTERED CHILD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the meanings of Keaton's nickname ‘Buster’ and long?standing debates about his traumatic childhood as a point of departure, this paper focuses on the comedian's early years as a child star in American vaudeville. Promoted and widely recognized as the main attraction of the family act ‘The Three Keatons’, Keaton performed a physically extremely challenging routine, centring on mock fights

Peter Krämer

2007-01-01

385

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2010-07-01

386

Infant Signs as Intervention? Promoting Symbolic Gestures for Preverbal Children in Low-Income Families Supports Responsive Parent-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gestures are a natural form of communication between preverbal children and parents which support children's social and language development; however, low-income parents gesture less frequently, disadvantaging their children. In addition to pointing and waving, children are capable of learning many symbolic gestures, known as "infant signs," if…

Vallotton, Claire D.

2012-01-01

387

Comparing Parental Distress, Family Functioning, and the Role of Social Support for Caregivers With and Without a Child With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess parental distress, family functioning, and social support among parents of children with a lifetime diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ( JRA) and comparison families. Methods Parents of 64 children with JRA (64 mothers, 46 fathers) completed questionnaires and in-home interviews along with 64 matched comparison families. Average time since diagnosis for children with JRA was 70 months.

Cynthia A. Gerhardt; Kathryn Vannatta; J. Mark McKellop; Meg Zeller

2003-01-01

388

Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN  

E-print Network

includes increasing the factors that protect people or buffer them from risk. The research must focus protective factors that are associated with reducing the risk of abuse or neglect of infants and young of neglect versus risk of abuse 3. Community and family-level supports that build protective factors

Farritor, Shane

389

The Effects of Positive Behavior Support Parent-Training Programs on Parent-Child Relationships in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pre-postassessment, single-subject, pilot study was implemented, testing the hypothesis that positive behavior support (PBS) would improve family quality-of-life outcomes by reducing parental stress and challenging behaviors of preschool children who are culturally and linguistically diverse and reside in urban, disadvantaged communities. Six…

Hall, Tonya P.; Turnbull, Ann P.; McCart, Amy; Griggs, Peter; Choi, Jeong-Hoon; Markey, Ursula; Markey, D. J.; Sailor, Wayne

2007-01-01

390

A Multilevel Model of Child- and Classroom-Level Psychosocial Factors that Support Language and Literacy Resilience of Children in Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early exposure to the multiple risk factors associated with poverty is related to an elevated risk for academic difficulty. Therefore, it is important to promote academic resilience as early as possible and to identify factors that support resilience. Given the positive relation between early language skills and later academic outcomes, examining…

Maier, Michelle F.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Greenfield, Daryl B.

2012-01-01

391

Structure and electrochemical activity of WOx-supported PtRu catalyst using three-dimensionally ordered macroporous WO3 as the template  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PtRu/WOx catalyst is prepared in a polyol process with three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) WO3 as the template in combination with an ammonia-leaching treatment. The morphology, composition and structure of the prepared catalysts are characterized by scanning transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The electrochemical activities are evaluated by linear sweep voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry, and chronoamperometry measurements in combination with in situ IR reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS). The composition and particle size of the PtRu/WOx catalyst are similar to those of the PtRu catalyst prepared without the 3DOM WOx template, and both of the catalysts have a uniform element distribution, however, the PtRu/WOx catalyst has a more porous structure and greater metallic Pt proportion due to the support role of the residual WOx template and the interaction between WOx and PtRu nanoparticles. Electrochemical and in situ IRRAS measurements indicate that the PtRu/WOx catalyst has a greater electro-catalytic activity for methanol oxidation than the PtRu catalyst due to the assisting catalytic role of WOx and mass transport benefit of the porous structure.

Wang, Qi; Wang, Guoxiong; Sasaki, Keisuke; Takeguchi, Tatsuya; Yamanaka, Toshiro; Sadakane, Masahiro; Ueda, Wataru

2013-11-01

392

A cluster randomised controlled trial of a web based decision aid to support parents’ decisions about their child's Measles Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccination?  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a web based decision aid versus a leaflet versus, usual practice in reducing parents’ decisional conflict for the first dose MMR vaccination decision. The, impact on MMR vaccine uptake was also explored. Design Three-arm cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: Fifty GP practices in the north of, England. Participants: 220 first time parents making a first dose MMR decision. Interventions: Web, based MMR decision aid plus usual practice, MMR leaflet plus usual practice versus usual practice only, (control). Main outcome measures: Decisional conflict was the primary outcome and used as the, measure of parents’ levels of informed decision-making. MMR uptake was a secondary outcome. Results Decisional conflict decreased post-intervention for both intervention arms to a level where, parents could make an informed MMR decision (decision aid: effect estimate = 1.09, 95% CI ?1.36 to ?0.82; information leaflet: effect estimate = ?0.67, 95% CI ?0.88 to ?0.46). Trial arm was significantly, associated (p < 0.001) with decisional conflict at post-intervention. Vaccination uptake was 100%, 91%, and 99% in the decision aid, leaflet and control arms, respectively (?2 (1, N = 203) = 8.69; p = 0.017). Post-hoc tests revealed a statistically significant difference in uptake between the information leaflet, and the usual practice arms (p = 0.04), and a near statistically significant difference between the, decision aid and leaflet arms (p = 0.05). Conclusions Parents’ decisional conflict was reduced in both, the decision aid and leaflet arms. The decision aid also prompted parents to act upon that decision and, vaccinate their child. Achieving both outcomes is fundamental to the integration of immunisation, decision aids within routine practice. Trial registration: ISRCTN72521372. PMID:24148574

Shourie, S.; Jackson, C.; Cheater, F.M.; Bekker, H.L.; Edlin, R.; Tubeuf, S.; Harrison, W.; McAleese, E.; Schweiger, M.; Bleasby, B.; Hammond, L.

2013-01-01

393

Parental Support and Outcome in Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare how parental support, attachment of the parent, and the child's report regarding the quality of the parent/child relationship differentially relate to child and parent reports of the child's symptomatology. After controlling for those variables that covary with it, parental support was only significantly…

Bolen, Rebecca M.; Lamb, J. Leah

2007-01-01

394

Child care and early child wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care has become an important fact of life for the majority of young children in the United States. Clarification of the nature and extent of early child care as a source of variability in child wellbeing is not only a pressing research concern, but also a critical issue for parents and policymakers. This thesis investigates how child care experiences

Duan Peng

2007-01-01

395

Child care subsidies and child development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris M. Herbst; Erdal Tekin

2010-01-01

396

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris Herbst; Erdal Tekin

397

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris M. Herbst; Erdal Tekin

2008-01-01

398

38 CFR 3.210 - Child's relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...supports a finding of relationship, as determined by...informant and was named as parent of the child; or...section evidence of relationship will include a copy...Stepchild. Evidence of relationship of a stepchild will...veteran to the natural parent of the child,...

2010-07-01

399

38 CFR 3.210 - Child's relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...supports a finding of relationship, as determined by...informant and was named as parent of the child; or...section evidence of relationship will include a copy...Stepchild. Evidence of relationship of a stepchild will...veteran to the natural parent of the child,...

2012-07-01

400

38 CFR 3.210 - Child's relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...supports a finding of relationship, as determined by...informant and was named as parent of the child; or...section evidence of relationship will include a copy...Stepchild. Evidence of relationship of a stepchild will...veteran to the natural parent of the child,...

2013-07-01

401

38 CFR 3.210 - Child's relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...supports a finding of relationship, as determined by...informant and was named as parent of the child; or...section evidence of relationship will include a copy...Stepchild. Evidence of relationship of a stepchild will...veteran to the natural parent of the child,...

2011-07-01

402

Public/Private Partnerships in Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The amount of state legislation dealing with child care issues has significantly increased in the last 5 years. This report focuses on state strategies for expanding and improving the child care system through incentives and support for employers and providers. State policymakers are exploring partnerships of public and private resources for…

Sonnier, Catherine

1988-01-01

403

POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH AMONG HOLOCAUST CHILD SURVIVORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, personal resources, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Holocaust child survivors. Ninety-seven nonclinical Holocaust child survivors who were born after 1930 were administered self-report questionnaires with regard to PTG, psychological distress, potency, and perceived social support. Results indicated that arousal, a PTSD category, and PTG

RACHEL LEV-WIESEL; MARIANNE AMIR

2003-01-01

404

Riding Bikes: A Pastime for Every Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People have heard the expression "It's as easy as riding a bike." But the idea of a child with special needs balancing, steering, and pedaling a bike can seem out of reach for some; especially when he may be unable to walk unaided or hold his head up without support. Physical capabilities or stamina need not keep a child from this pleasurable…

Mathias, Michelle

2011-01-01

405

Linking water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments in order to support distinct aquatic ecosystems: Water quality guidelines for suspended particulate matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural characteristics of a catchment provide a template that controls the background rates of geomorphological processes operating within that catchment, which in-turn determines the background physico-chemical and hydro-morphological characteristics of the catchment's surface waters. Large differences in the natural characteristics of catchments (e.g. geology, topography, climate), lead to unique physico-chemical and hydro-morphological conditions that support unique freshwater communities. However, this uniqueness is not always recognised in international water quality guidelines, which often attempt to apply blanket water-quality guidelines to 'protect' a wide range of ecosystems. In this paper we investigate the natural characteristics that control background concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM - including nano-scale particles to sand-sized sediments), which is a well-known cause of ecological degradation. At present, the management of SPM is hampered by a lack of understanding of the SPM conditions that water quality managers should aim to achieve in contrasting environments in order to support good ecological status. To address this, in this paper we examine the SPM preferences of contrasting biological communities that are in reference condition (minimal anthropogenic disturbance and high ecological status). We analyse historical SPM data collected on a monthly basis from a wide range of reference-condition temperate environments (638 stream/river sites comprising 42 different biological community-types). This analysis reveals that there are statistically significant differences (One-way ANOVA p < 0.001) between the background SPM concentrations observed in contrasting communities that are in reference condition. Mean background SPM concentrations for contrasting communities ranged from 1.7 to 26.2 mg L-1 (i.e. more than a 15-fold difference). We propose a model for predicting environment-specific water quality guidelines for SPM. In order to develop this model, the 638 reference-condition sites were first classified into one of five mean background SPM ranges (0.00-5.99, 6.00-11.99, 12.00-17.99, 18.00-23.99 and >24.00 mg L-1). Stepwise Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA) of these ranges showed that a site's SPM range can be predicted as a function of: mean annual air temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean altitude of upstream catchment, distance from source, slope to source, channel width and depth, the percentage of catchment area comprised of clay, chalk, and hard rock solid geology, and the percentage of the catchment area comprised of blown sand/landslide material as the surface (drift) material. Although the model is still being improved and developed, this research highlights the need to link water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments and the physico-chemical preferences of the biological communities that would naturally inhabit them.

Bilotta, G. S.; Grove, M. K.; Harrison, C.; Joyce, C. B.; Peacock, C.

2012-12-01

406

Executive Order 1083 Attachment C  

E-print Network

Rev 2/2013 Executive Order 1083 Attachment C California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act Penal, but not limited to, foster parents, group home personnel, and personnel of residential care facilities. (15

de Lijser, Peter

407

Child Labor in the 19th Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Labor in the 19th Century, from The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia, documents the lives of British child laborers through photographs, drawings, and biographies of the children, factory workers, owners, and labor reformers. The information is divided into the sections Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Life in the Factory, The Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, The Factory Acts, and Statistics. Most entries link to other relevant sections of the encyclopedia, and include quotes from individuals or primary documents. The most compelling sections of this collection detail the lives of the child laborers themselves, including first-hand accounts from the children.

408

Mothers, domestic violence, and child protection.  

PubMed

This article explores the relationship between understandings of domestic violence and the child protection response drawing on material gathered in focus groups with workers who support mothers dealing with both domestic violence and child protection issues. The interviewees expressed concern that the dynamics of domestic violence are often misunderstood and inappropriately responded to by child protection workers. This article critically examines the interviewees' concerns and concludes that to properly protect children, it is crucial that child protection workers have a clear understanding of the dynamics of and issues related to domestic violence. PMID:20348440

Douglas, Heather; Walsh, Tamara

2010-05-01

409

Child and Family WebGuide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Child and Family WebGuide, formerly Child and Family News, is a new information service developed for journalists by experts affiliated with the Department of Child Development at Tufts University. CFN provides the news media with resource material on child and family topics, connecting them with background information, references, associated programs, organizational contacts, subject experts, related coverage, and synopses of potential stories. CFN is an expanding work in progress and currently offers journalists and others information on domestic violence, school violence, education beyond the classroom, and family support.

410

Foundations of Child Psychiatry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight papers examine basic theories and clinical methods in child psychiatry. Theories and methods discussed concern child psychiatry and the World Health Organization, pediatrics, child disturbances, observation, the psychodiagnostic approach, longitudinal research in child development, the comparative approach to early child development,…

Miller, Emanuel, Ed.; And Others

411

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Child Sexual Abuse Child Sexual Abuse What is child sexual abuse? Child sexual abuse includes a wide ... be at least five years older. Who commits child sexual abuse? Most often, sexual abusers know the ...

412

Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

2005-01-01

413

Child Care Helps America Work and Learn. Issue No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Child Care Helps America Work and Learn" is a new publication produced by the Child Care Bureau. This new series will highlight some of the many Recovery Act-funded child care success stories from communities across the country that illustrate how the Bureau is working toward the shared goal of supporting children and families. This issue of…

Child Care Bureau, 2010

2010-01-01

414

Change trajectories for parent-child interaction sequences during parent-child interaction therapy for child physical abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveParent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been found to reduce future child abuse reports among physically abusive parents. Reductions in observed negative parenting behaviors mediated this benefit. The current study examined session-by-session interaction sequences in order to identify when during treatment these changes occur and how much the trajectory varies from case-to-case.

Melissa Hakman; Mark Chaffin; Beverly Funderburk; Jane F. Silovsky

2009-01-01

415

Change Trajectories for Parent-Child Interaction Sequences during Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Child Physical Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been found to reduce future child abuse reports among physically abusive parents. Reductions in observed negative parenting behaviors mediated this benefit. The current study examined session-by-session interaction sequences in order to identify when during treatment these changes occur and…

Hakman, Melissa; Chaffin, Mark; Funderburk, Beverly; Silovsky, Jane F.

2009-01-01

416

A child psychiatry chairman's view.  

PubMed

Knowledge and services for children do not fare well when they are subordinate to either general or adult organizations. The history of the American Academy of Pediatrics and its publication, Pediatrics, and of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent psychiatry and the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry provides eloquent evidence of how independence and autonomy foster organization and productivity for forging ahead in the service of a richer collaboration with adult psychiatry departments. Independence in acquiring and disseminating clinical and scientific knowledge based on child and adolescent perspectives enriches in breadth and depth our capacity to improve priorities for children and youth as part of the continuum of the life cycle in human development. It is long overdue that child psychiatry should follow the inspiration and support of the Academy in establishing independent, autonomous clinical and academic departments of child psychiatry. I believe the department of child psychiatry can be replicated nationally and internationally, but not without conviction, medical center commitment, and major independent fund-raising. PMID:11793574

Solnit, Albert J

2002-01-01

417

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2014-04-01

418

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2013-04-01

419

Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use unique retrospective family background data from the 2003 British Household Panel Survey to explore the degree to which family size and birth order affect a child's subsequent educational attainment. Theory suggests a trade off between child quantity and 'quality'. Family size might adversely affect the production of child quality within a family. A number of arguments also suggest

Alison L. Booth; Hiau Joo Kee

2005-01-01

420

NYU Child Study Center  

MedlinePLUS

... the latest issues in child and adolescent mental health. We invite you to Grand Rounds, a forum for the presentation of advances in child & adolescent psychiatry and psychology. © NYU Child Study Center, One Park Avenue, 7th ...

421

Your Child's Checkups  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines Your Child Needs Educators: Free Health Lessons Social Media: Connect With Us Your Child's Checkups KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Medical Care > Your Child's Checkups Print A ...

422

Raising an Anxious Child  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Child HealthDay August 29, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Anxiety Child Mental Health Parenting Transcript When your child ... shows some reactions may actually make feelings of anxiety worse in the long run. The study out ...

423

Child Care Workers: Victims, Nonvictims or Victimizers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care workers may derogate youth in order to restore their own sense of justice and may do so only when they feel organizationally and personally unable to help the youth. The relationship between child care workers' sense of power (both in their agencies and to help youth) and their perceptions of the youth was examined for a sample of 171…

Fine, Michelle

424

February 3rd Dear Child Care Agency,  

E-print Network

February 3rd , 2012 Dear Child Care Agency, I am writing on behalf of Camp Titan of Associated volunteer over 225 hours to staff Camp Titan in order to provide campers with the best possible care conflict with the final week of school, depending on which school district the particular child attends

de Lijser, Peter

425

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention  

E-print Network

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention in the VO Breeding Environment. Child abuse is a serious problem in our society. In order to provide an adequate response, all-agent expert system able to facilitate the selection of partners. Keywords: Child Abuse Prevention, Dynamic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

426

annual report University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development  

E-print Network

annual report 2012-2013 #12;University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development About the Program University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development Early Head Start Family Foundations (EHS/FF) has been development in order for the child to be ready for school. The program continues to enhance its expertise

Jiang, Huiqiang

427

Birth Order and Psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Context: Ordinal position the child holds within the sibling ranking of a family is related to intellectual functioning, personality, behavior, and development of psychopathology. Aim: To study the association between birth order and development of psychopathology in patients attending psychiatry services in a teaching hospital. Settings and Design: Hospital-based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Retrospective file review of three groups of patients was carried out. Patient-related variables like age of onset, birth order, family type, and family history of mental illness were compared with psychiatry diagnosis (ICD-10) generated. Statistical Analysis: SPSS 13; descriptive statistics and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used. Results: Mean age of onset of mental illness among the adult general psychiatry patients (group I, n = 527) was found to be 33.01 ± 15.073, while it was 11.68 ± 4.764 among the child cases (group II, n = 47) and 26.74 ± 7.529 among substance abuse cases (group III, n = 110). Among group I patients, commonest diagnosis was depression followed by anxiety and somatoform disorders irrespective of birth order. Dissociative disorders were most prevalent in the first born child (36.7%) among group II patients. Among group III patients, alcohol dependence was maximum diagnosis in all birth orders. Conclusions: Depression and alcohol dependence was the commonest diagnosis in adult group irrespective of birth order. PMID:24479023

Risal, Ajay; Tharoor, Hema

2012-01-01

428

China's one-child policy and overweight children in the 1990s.  

PubMed

The prevalence of overweight children in China has increased, and the one-child policy has been suggested as a cause. Drawing on longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, this paper investigates the relationship between the one-child policy and overweight among young children. The policy is measured directly as local variations and indirectly as sibship composition (i.e., number of siblings, birth order and birth interval). Results suggest that overweight among preschoolers and primary school children increased in the 1990s at a slower pace than that documented in previous studies in China, and the prevalence of overweight varies by age of children and urban residence. However, while there are substantially gross differences in overweight by policy variations and sibsize (i.e., number of siblings), single children and those in strict one-child policy communities do not differ from other children, after adjusting for household and community characteristics. Thus, the policy does not seem to bear an independent relationship to child overweight risk. Hence, this analysis provides little to support the public perception that the one-child policy is associated with the rising epidemic of child overweight in transitional China. Rather the risk associated with overweight include age of children, parental body mass index (BMI), level of maternal education, local socioeconomic development, urban residence and province/region. PMID:17379370

Yang, Juhua

2007-05-01

429

The 1994 Child Care Rate Study: Licensed Child Care in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, the Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) in Washington state subsidized child care for about 35,000 children each month, with financial support provided in part by federal funds. The primary objective of this survey, the fourth in a series, was to set local maximum rates for subsidy programs based on the private-paying child

Mayfield, Jim; Miller, Marna Geyer

430

The effect of parent–child attachment relationships on child biopsychosocial outcomes: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial progress has been made in the conceptualization and study of attachment stability over time, and substantial evidence has accumulated on the association between attachment classification and biopsychosocial functioning (including social–emotional competence, cognition, physical health and mental health). The literature supports the intuitive belief that parent–child attachment representations affect infant and child development in a variety of domains and across

Kenna E. Ranson; Liana J. Urichuk

2008-01-01

431

Orthogonal Higher Order Factor Structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales--Fifth Edition for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orthogonal higher-order factor structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales-Fifth Edition (SB-5; Roid, 2003a) for child and adolescent samples is reported. Multiple criteria for factor extraction unanimously supported extraction of only one dimension and a unidimensional model. However, following results from DiStefano and Dombrowski (2006)…

Canivez, Gary L.

2008-01-01

432

Child and Nonviolent Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the nature of the child and the impact of socialization experiences on his capacity to act nonviolently in a changing social order. Presents a socialization model that draws on different disciplinary frameworks and research areas (animal and human ethnology, social learning theories, altruism studies, and reviews of protest movements).…

Boulding, Elise

1974-01-01

433

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2014-04-01

434

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2013-04-01

435

Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

436

Helping Your Child Feel Connected to School. Information for Parents and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents want their child to do well in school. They also want their child to be healthy and avoid behaviors that are risky or harmful. Through their guidance and support, parents can have great influence on their child's health and learning. But they also have important allies in this effort--the caring adults in their child's school. Research…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

437

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB), NIHCD, Report to the NACHHD Council  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Development & Behavior (CDB) Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) seeks to improve the health and well-being of individuals from infancy through early adulthood by supporting research into healthy growth and development, including all aspects of child development. The study of typical child

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2009

2009-01-01

438

Robotic companion for diabetic children: emotional and educational support to diabetic children, through an interactive robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes the requirements that a robotic companion should have in order to properly provide support to diabetic children, in a hospital department. The paper will briefly introduce all the different needs that a diabetic child might have, and the difficulties she faces in the discovery and management of the disease. Starting from literature both on Animal Assisted Therapies

Marco Nalin; Ilaria Baroni; Alberto Sanna; Clara Pozzi

2012-01-01

439

Child abuse potential: Correlates with child maltreatment rates and structural measures of neighborhoods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This community-based research investigates differential child maltreatment rates per 1000 same-age population within communities, and compares the rates to survey data that capture the potential for child abuse by a random sample of individuals in the same community in order to evaluate the impact of neighborhood conditions (e.g., maltreatment rates, child care burden, poverty) and individual factors (e.g., demographic and

Darcey H. Merritt

2009-01-01

440

5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the court orders will be honored in the...relate to the same former spouse, separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored....

2010-01-01

441

THE DIFFICULT CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

442

Application SJSU Child Development  

E-print Network

Application SJSU Child Development Laboratory Preschool Child's name Birth date Home address Street Campbell at (408) 924-3725. Send application to: Toni Campbell Child Development San José State University. Circle the program you prefer for your child. Toddlers (two yrs.) Mon/Wed 9:00 - 11:00 Toddlers (two yrs

Su, Xiao

443

Child Care Center APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

Harms, Kyle E.

444

American Child Care Today  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care has 2 purposes: mothers’ employment and children's development. These are conflicting goals, because the first focuses on the quantity and affordability of child care whereas the second favors expensive quality services. Affordable child care fosters maternal employment and gender equality. With welfare reform demanding more child-care places to move mothers from welfare to work, the pressure for larger

Sandra Scarr

1998-01-01

445

The Child Bipolar Questionnaire (CBQ) A Screening Instrument for Juvenile-onset Bipolar Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to address the significant gap in available psychiatric rating scale instruments designed to assess juvenile-onset bipolar disorder symptoms, the Juvenile Bipolar Research Foundation (JBRF) has supported the development of an assessment instrument for this purpose. This scale, called the Child Bipolar Questionnaire (CBQ), is a 65-item behavioral assessment tool. Preliminary data indicate that the CBQ has adequate-to- excellent

Demitri F. Papolos; Melissa Cockerham; John Hennon

446

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child abuse and neglect represent complex social problems confronting our society today. From 1976, when the first national\\u000a figures for child maltreatment were generated, to the most recent period, child maltreatment reports have been increasing\\u000a steadily. In 1992, child protective service agencies received an estimated 1.9 million reports of child abuse and neglect\\u000a involving an estimated 2.9 million children. Maltreatment

Cathy Spatz Widom

447

Child labor: a forgotten focus for child welfare.  

PubMed

Child labor is driven by child and family impoverishment, market forces, and political apathy concerning the rights of the child. Although a fundamental concern of the early 20th century child welfare system, today child labor is often seen as outside the scope of child welfare and child protective services. Making child labor a focus of child advocacy activity once again could do much to better the lives of children. PMID:11678418

Otis, J; Pasztor, E M; McFadden, E J

2001-01-01

448

The Early Bird gets the Worm? Birth Order Effects in a Dynamic Model of the Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

Birth order effects are found in empirical work, but lack theoretical foundations. Our new approach to modelling children provides this. Each child has the same genetic make-up and parents do not favour a child based on its birth order. Each child’s needs change as it grows, and births are sequential. At any point in time siblings are at different developmental

Elisabeth Gugl; Linda Welling

2007-01-01

449

The Role of Supported Joint Engagement and Parent Utterances in Language and Social Communication Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between three parent-child engagement states and social communication, expressive language, and receptive language at 8 month follow-up, in 63 preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorder. We extend the literature on supported joint engagement by dividing this state into higher order (HSJE) and lower order

Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Yoder, Paul J.; Hochman, Julia M.; Watson, Linda R.

2014-01-01

450

Traumatic Brain Injury Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish eligibility for support services and/or reasonable accommodations, students must  

E-print Network

Traumatic Brain Injury Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish(ies). Disability documentation related to the need for cognitively based accommodations (e.g., testing results of relevant and current assessments related to age/date of onset, progression, severity and scope

Suzuki, Masatsugu

451

Psychological Disability Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish eligibility for support services and/or reasonable accommodations, students  

E-print Network

Psychological Disability Documentation Guidelines for Service Eligibility In order to establish on a psychological disability must include: Name, address, phone number, and credentials of present therapist Dates in mitigating the symptoms of the disorder or causing side effects? Detailed explanation of how the condition

Suzuki, Masatsugu

452

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2013-04-01

453

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2014-04-01

454

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2012-04-01

455

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2011-04-01

456

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2010-04-01

457

Family Welfare Reform Act. Hearings on H.R. 1720 To Replace the Existing AFDC Program with a New Family Support Program...before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (March 30; April 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings concern proposed legislation to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a new family support program. The new program would emphasize work, child support, and need-based family support supplements. Families would be assisted in obtaining education, training, and employment in order to avoid long-term dependence…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

458

77 FR 70374 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance-Stillborn Child Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance--Stillborn Child Coverage AGENCY: Department of Veterans...order to provide that, if a stillborn child is otherwise eligible to be insured by...one servicemember under SGLI dependent child coverage, the child would be insured...

2012-11-26

459

The International Epidemiology of Child Sexual Abuse: A Continuation of Finkelhor (1994)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to compare the prevalence rates of child sexual abuse reported by [Finkelhor, D. (1994). "The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse." "Child Abuse & Neglect," 18 (5), 409-417] with those found in recent publications in order to confirm the widespread prevalence of child sexual abuse. Methods:…

Pereda, Noemi; Guilera, Georgina; Forns, Maria; Gomez-Benito, Juana

2009-01-01

460

Risk, Well-Being, and Paramountcy in Child Protection: The Need for Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social construction of child welfare is explored in order to shed light on contemporary child welfare thinking, policy, and practice. Two primary influences, legal discourse and child welfare science, are seen to depend upon and shape one another. The current dominance of a risk management approach in child protection needs to be understood in the context of the evolution

James P. Anglin

2002-01-01

461

Child Labor and the Labor Supply of Other Household Members: Evidence from 1920 America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the effect of child labor on household labor supply using 1920 US Census micro data. The aim of the analysis is to understand who in the household benefits from child labor. In order to identify a source of exogenous variation in child labor I use State-specific child labor laws. I find that a rise in the proportion

Marco Manacorda

2003-01-01

462

A highly ordered meso@microporous carbon-supported sulfur@smaller sulfur core-shell structured cathode for li-s batteries.  

PubMed

For lithium-sulfur batteries, commercial application is hindered by the insulating nature of sulfur and the dissolution of the reaction intermediates of polysulfides. Here, we present an ordered meso-microporous core-shell carbon (MMCS) as a sulfur container, which combines the advantages of both mesoporous and microporous carbon. With large pore volume and highly ordered porous structure, the "core" promises a sufficient sulfur loading and a high utilization of the active material, while the "shell" containing microporous carbon and smaller sulfur acts as a physical barrier and stabilizes the cycle capability of the entire S/C composite. Such a S/MMCS composite exhibits a capacity as high as 837 mAh g(-1) at 0.5 C after 200 cycles with a capacity retention of 80% vs the second cycle (a decay of only 0.1% per cycle), demonstrating that the diffusion of the polysulfides into the bulk electrolyte can be greatly reduced. We believe that the tailored highly ordered meso-microporous core-shell structured carbon can also be applicable for designing some other electrode materials for energy storage. PMID:25144303

Li, Zhen; Jiang, Yan; Yuan, Lixia; Yi, Ziqi; Wu, Chao; Liu, Yang; Strasser, Peter; Huang, Yunhui

2014-09-23

463

Identification of Child Maltreatment in Iranian Children with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale  

PubMed Central

Background: Child abuse and neglect is a worldwide problem and varies across many sociodemographic characteristics. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of different types of child maltreatment in Iranian kids according to the reports of their caregivers. Subjects and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 562 mothers with the last child aged between 1 and 12 years were recruited based on purposeful sampling method in one pediatric referent Mazandaran province, Iran. Child maltreatment among eligible participants was assessed by a validated version of conflict tactics scale for parent and child. Data were analyzed using Pearson Correlation coefficient and one-way ANOVA. Results: Prevalence of emotional assault, physical assault, and child neglect were respectively 90.6% (509/562), 82.9% (466/562) and 78.8% (443/562), which were more frequent in preschool age children. Furthermore, different kinds of child maltreatments were correlated with each other (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Assessment of all forms of child maltreatment should be an important focus of evaluation in cases with one kind of child maltreatment. This is an important issue in preschool age children. Furthermore, this paper has some implications for health care providers in order to check some simple items to identify child abuse. PMID:25328780

Esmaeili, DZ; Vaezzadeh, N; Esmaeili, MR; Hosseini, SH; Kaheni, S; Esmaeili, H; Shahhosseini, Z

2014-01-01

464

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy With a Spanish-Speaking Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is relatively little information on the treatment effectiveness of child behavior-management programs with Spanish-speaking populations. Though there are several empirically supported treatments available in English, research on the applicability of these programs in Spanish is virtually nonexistent. This single-case study discusses the application of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with a Spanish-speaking mother-child dyad to address the child’'s externalizing behavior

Joaquin Borrego; Karla Anhalt; Sherri Y. Terao; Eric C. Vargas; Anthony J. Urquiza

2006-01-01

465

Ordered Delinquency: The "Effects" of Birth Order On Delinquency  

PubMed Central

Juvenile delinquency has long been associated with birth order in popular culture. While images of the middle child acting out for attention or the rebellious youngest child readily spring to mind, little research has attempted to explain why. Drawing from Adlerian birth order theory and Sulloway's born to rebel hypothesis I examine the relationship between birth order and a variety of delinquent outcomes during adolescence. Following some recent research on birth order and intelligence, I use new methods that allow for the examination of both between-individual and within-family differences to better address the potential spurious relationship. My findings suggest that contrary to popular belief the relationship between birth order and delinquency is spurious. Specifically, I find that birth order effects on delinquency are spurious and largely products of the analytic methods used in previous tests of the relationship. The implications of this finding are discussed. PMID:23719623

Cundiff, Patrick R.

2014-01-01

466

Ordered delinquency: the "effects" of birth order on delinquency.  

PubMed

Juvenile delinquency has long been associated with birth order in popular culture. While images of the middle child acting out for attention or the rebellious youngest child readily spring to mind, little research has attempted to explain why. Drawing from Adlerian birth order theory and Sulloway's born-to-rebel hypothesis, I examine the relationship between birth order and a variety of delinquent outcomes during adolescence. Following some recent research on birth order and intelligence, I use new methods that allow for the examination of between-individual and within-family differences to better address the potential spurious relationship. My findings suggest that contrary to popular belief, the relationship between birth order and delinquency is spurious. Specifically, I find that birth order effects on delinquency are spurious and largely products of the analytic methods used in previous tests of the relationship. The implications of this finding are discussed. PMID:23719623

Cundiff, Patrick R

2013-08-01

467

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

468

Undetected and detected child sexual abuse and child pornography offenders.  

PubMed

Current knowledge about risk factors for child sexual abuse and child pornography offenses is based on samples of convicted offenders, i.e., detected offenders. Only few studies focus on offenders not detected by the criminal justice system. In this study, a sample of 345 self-referred pedophiles and hebephiles was recruited from the community. All participants met DSM-IV-TR criteria for pedophilia or hebephilia (paraphilia not otherwise specified), were assured of confidentiality, and self-reported lifetime sexual offending against prepubescent and/or pubescent children. Two sets of group comparisons were conducted on self-report data of risk factors for sexual reoffending. Measures of risk factors address the following dimensions identified in samples of convicted offenders: sexual preferences (i.e. co-occurring paraphilias), sexual self-regulation problems, offense-supportive cognitions, diverse socio-affective deficits, and indicators of social functioning (e.g., education, employment). Men who admitted current or previous investigation or conviction by legal authorities (detected offenders) were compared with those who denied any detection for their sexual offenses against children (undetected offenders). Group comparisons (detected vs. undetected) were further conducted for each offense type separately (child pornography only offenders, child sexual abuse only offenders, mixed offenders). Although there were more similarities between undetected and detected offenders, selected measures of sexual-self regulation problems, socio-affective deficits, and social functioning data demonstrated group differences. PMID:22420934

Neutze, Janina; Grundmann, Dorit; Scherner, Gerold; Beier, Klaus Michael

2012-01-01

469

Your Child's Immunization Record  

MedlinePLUS

... from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Your Child’s Immunization Record It’s important to keep up-to-date ... vaccination by filling in the date. Record of Immunizations Date Given: Where Given: Reaction: Hepatitis B Rotavirus ...

470

Child Behavior Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

471

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

... the age of 18. Is child pornography a crime? It is a federal crime to knowingly possess, manufacture, distribute or access with ... lasting harms from the permanent memorialization of the crimes committed against them. Studies indicate that child victims ...

472

Surviving Your Child's Hospitalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The parent of a young child who required major open heart surgery shares his suggestions for coping with a young child's hospitalization including parent visitation, relating to the hospital staff, getting answers to questions, and utilizing available services. (DB)

Cohen, David A.

1988-01-01

473

Well-child visits  

MedlinePLUS

... The health care provider will record your child's height, weight, and other important information. Hearing, vision, and other ... the child is meeting normal developmental milestones. The height, weight, and head circumference are recorded on a growth ...

474

The Handicapped Child and Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experience with 37 children with cerebral palsy who have been maltreated, coupled with review of the literature revealed four problems: (1) abuse that causes handicaps, (2) abuse that occurs to the handicapped child, (3) compromises in care when the handicapped child becomes involved with the medical and legal systems, and (4) arrangements for…

Jaudes, Paula Kienberger; Diamond, Linda J.

1985-01-01

475

Holocaust Child Survivors and Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a qualitative analysis of child survivors of the Holocaust who were sexually abused during World War II. The research study aimed to give this specific group of survivors a voice and to explore the impact of multiple extreme traumas, the Holocaust and childhood sexual abuse, on the survivors. Twenty-two child survivors of the…

Lev-Wiesel, Rachel; Amir, Marianne

2005-01-01

476

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

477

EXECUTIVE ORDER 1083 December 21, 2012  

E-print Network

;EXECUTIVE ORDER 1083 December 21, 2012 ATTACHMENT A Unlawful corporal punishment or injury willfully or threatened harm to the child's health or welfare (Penal Code § 11165.2). Willful harming or injuring to suffer, unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering, or causes or permits a child to be placed

Eirinaki, Magdalini

478

Child Physical Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This bookhighlights the dynamic nature of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) and the robust findings demonstrating its\\u000a effectiveness in enhancing the quality of parent-child relationships and reducing child behavior problems. These qualities\\u000a have led clinicians and researchers to consider the use of PCIT with other clinical populations including families with a\\u000a history of child physical abuse (CPA). Looking back, we can

Cheryl Bodiford McNeil; Toni L. Hembree-Kigin

479

Hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere with reduced graphene oxide supporter for a highly efficient photodegradation of methylene blue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A facile one-pot method for the fabrication of high quality self-assembled hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere-reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite without the use of templates or surfactants is described. During the hydrothermal process, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was loaded into the ZnS microsphere by in situ reduction of graphene oxide added in the self-assembly system. The morphology and structure of the as-prepared composites were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Incorporation of reduced graphene oxide as an excellent electron-transporting material effectively suppresses the charge recombination. Hence, a significant enhancement in the photocatalytic efficiency for the photodegradation of methylene blue was observed with the ZnS-RGO composite, compared to the pure ZnS. Overall, this research results may lay down new vistas for the in situ fabrication of the ZnS-RGO composite as a highly efficient photocatalysis under visible-light irradiation and their applications in environmental protection.

Sookhakian, M.; Amin, Y. M.; Basirun, W. J.

2013-10-01

480

Child Care Design Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides architects, interior designers, developers, and child-care professionals with detailed information on the planning and design of child care centers. Part 1 examines the current state of child care in the United States and offers an overall philosophical concert--the spirit of place--as the framework for all center design. Part 2…

Olds, Anita Rui

481

My Child Is Stealing  

MedlinePLUS

... with a friend's bracelet and it's clear the child took it without the friend's permission, the parent should talk to the child about how it would feel if a friend took something without asking first. The parent should encourage the child to call the friend to apologize, explain what ...

482

Child Care Update: 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information on child care needs, existing services, and special topics related to child care in Dane County, Wisconsin. Section I describes and compares needs and services; indicates locations of current full-day services; and offers specific recommendations for expanding child care. Section II concerns cost and affordability…

Levy, Vic; And Others

483

Introduction CHILD BEHAVIORS  

E-print Network

Introduction Methods Results Discussion CHILD BEHAVIORS · Children who present early disruptive · Due to the multifaceted nature of child behavior, different methods of assessment can be used. TEACHER-REPORT MEASURES · The Child Behavior Checklist -Teacher Rating Form (CBCL-TRF; Achenbach

Farritor, Shane

484

Child prostitution in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central

Carmen Lau

2008-01-01

485

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

486

Child Nutrition. Beginnings Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four workshops focus on nutrition for infants and children in child care settings. Articles are: (1) "Nutrition and Child Development: Global Perspectives" (Jacqueline Hayden); (2) "Working with Families around Nutritional Issues" (Wayne Eastman); (3) "Breastfeeding Promotion in Child Care" (Laura Dutil Aird); and (4) "Food as Shared…

Hayden, Jacqueline; Eastman, Wayne; Aird, Laura Dutil; McCrea, Nadine L.

2002-01-01

487

Managing the Difficult Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue focuses on ways parents can manage the difficult child with special needs. Characteristics of the difficult child are listed including poor listening skills, irritableness, impulsivity, and tendency to have tantrums. Typical reactions to the difficult child by parents, siblings, other relatives, neighbors, the school, and…

Murphy, Linda; Della Corte, Suzanne

1990-01-01

488

Child labor handbook  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys many aspects and issues of child labor, including its causes and effects as well as policies associated with it. Child labor has come to be considered an expression of poverty, both a cause and an effect of underdevelopment. Child labor cannot be viewed in isolation from educational, health, fertility, and technological issues; and is not necessarily an

Alessandro Cigno; Furio C. Rosati; Zafiris Tzannatos

2002-01-01

489

The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and…

Blank, Helen

490

Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model  

E-print Network

needs of each child. ADMISSIONS The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers provide a quality child developmentVanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model which incorporates the theories of Piaget, Montessori, Erikson, and others. Learning through

Bordenstein, Seth

491

Supporting Family Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting family choice in the decision-making process is recommended practice in the field of early childhood and early childhood special education. These decisions may relate to the medical, educational, social, recreational, therapeutic/rehabilitative, and community aspects of the child's disability. Although this practice conveys the message…

Murray, Mary M.; Christensen, Kimberly A.; Umbarger, Gardner T.; Rade, Karin C.; Aldridge, Kathryn; Niemeyer, Judith A.

2007-01-01

492

Providing Child Care to Military Families: The Role of the Demand Formula in Defining Need and Informing Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to meeting the need for child care among military families. DoD supports the largest employer-sponsored system of high-quality child care in the country. Through accredited child development centers (CDCs), family child care (FCC) homes, youth centers, and other after-school programs, DoD currently…

Moini, Joy S.; Zellman, Gail L.; Gates, Susan M.

2006-01-01

493

African American, White and Hispanic child care preferences: A factorial survey analysis of welfare leavers by race and ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigates the child care preferences of poor White, African American and Hispanic parents. Using the factorial survey method, this research examines the impact of race and ethnicity on child care preferences and definitions of child care quality. The findings do not support the conclusion that race and ethnicity are a major source of division in preferences for child

Anne B. Shlay

2010-01-01

494

Child Care Indicators, 1998. Part I: Preliminary Figures [and] Part II: County Aggregates, Working Poor Families, Child Care Workforce. Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rising maternal employment, welfare reform, and increased preschool enrollment contribute to accelerating family demand for child care in California, and federal and state governments have responded by doubling support for child care and preschool programs between 1996 and 1999. However, there is little information available on how child care…

Fuller, Bruce; Kipnis, Fran; Siegel, Patricia

495

32 CFR 733.5 - Determination of paternity and support of illegitimate children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...support of illegitimate children. (a) Illegitimate children. If the service...service. When the blood parents of an illegitimate child marry, the child is considered...support illegitimate children without a determination...

2011-07-01

496

32 CFR 733.5 - Determination of paternity and support of illegitimate children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...support of illegitimate children. (a) Illegitimate children. If the service...service. When the blood parents of an illegitimate child marry, the child is considered...support illegitimate children without a determination...

2012-07-01

497

32 CFR 733.5 - Determination of paternity and support of illegitimate children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...support of illegitimate children. (a) Illegitimate children. If the service...service. When the blood parents of an illegitimate child marry, the child is considered...support illegitimate children without a determination...

2013-07-01

498

32 CFR 733.5 - Determination of paternity and support of illegitimate children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...support of illegitimate children. (a) Illegitimate children. If the service...service. When the blood parents of an illegitimate child marry, the child is considered...support illegitimate children without a determination...

2010-07-01

499

Supporting Family Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supporting family choice in the decision-making process is recommended practice in the field of early childhood and early\\u000a childhood special education. These decisions may relate to the medical, educational, social, recreational, therapeutic\\/rehabilitative,\\u000a and community aspects of the child's disability. Although this practice conveys the message that families are the primary\\u000a decision-makers for their children, families are not always adequately supported

Mary M. Murray; Kimberly A. Christensen; Gardner T. Umbarger; Karin C. Rade; Kathryn Aldridge; Judith A. Niemeyer

2007-01-01

500

[Child and family in China].  

PubMed

In 1949, China's population numbered 540 million, which has doubled by 1994. Since the 1960s, the growth rate has been halved to 1.2% a year as a result of family planning and administrative measures. In 1981, the marriage law was released that abolished arranged marriage by the parents, and stressed the equality of the sexes, the legitimate rights of women and children, and monogamy. Family planning and the concept of the one-child family was also endorsed with strong controls on second births and the prohibition of third births. The means were late marriage (the combined age of the couple should reach 50 years), contractual birth allotments from the danwei, state quotas, and one-child certificates facilitating the acquisition of an apartment. Other measures were legal abortion and contraception (sterilization, oral contraceptives, and gossypol for men). In 1982, among the Chinese aged over 15, the majority were married with 0.59% divorced. An average of 20 million children are born in China annually. Children are cared for in day care centers or kindergartens as well as by grandparents. The former are located in factories, companies, and schools and are cost-free for employees. Other day care centers and kindergartens are run by committees in cities and villages supported by the state. The Confucian concept of raising children commands respect for the old and love of the children, who also fall under the attention of the danwei, a traditional community force. This principle subjects individualism to the group. The mother-child contact is reinforced by carrying the child on the back especially in rural areas. The one-child family promoted by the state has the drawbacks of overblown egotism and deficient socialization. In the cities 95% of first grade pupils are single children. PMID:8011469

Witte, A

1994-06-01