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1

Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

Roff, Jennifer

2010-01-01

2

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2014-10-01

3

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2012-10-01

4

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2010-10-01

5

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2011-10-01

6

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2013-10-01

7

Qualified medical child support orders--California health insurance coverage assignment orders--national medical support notices: what's a plan administrator to do?  

PubMed

Many employer-sponsored health plans and multi-employer health benefit trusts have seen an increase in medical child support orders (MCSOs), and they can anticipate receiving a greater number in the future. Once regulations are final for the national medical support notice (NMSN) required by the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998, plans should also begin receiving these. In preparation, plan administrators should ensure that they have proper procedures in place for determining whether MCSOs and NMSNs constitute QMCSOs. PMID:10947309

Coleman, J B; Storke, C A

2000-06-01

8

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

9

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

10

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

11

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

12

Child Support Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2002-01-01

13

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

14

Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

2008-01-01

15

Supporting Each Child's Spirit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

2010-01-01

16

Trends in child support outcomes.  

PubMed

This paper examines trends in child support award rates, award amounts, and receipts. We investigate four hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the downward trend in these outcomes during the 1980s: (1) changes in the demographic composition of the population eligible for child support, (2) increases in mothers' income, (3) decreases in fathers' income, and (4) inflation. Our results indicate that trends in nonmarital fertility can explain much of the decline in award rates. The steady downward trend in fathers' incomes during the 1980s also explains a considerable portion of the decline in award rates, award amounts, and receipts. Our results are also consistent with the notion that persistent money illusion is responsible for the decline in real child support awards. PMID:8939420

Hanson, T L; Garfinkel, I; McLanahan, S S; Miller, C K

1996-11-01

17

University of Pittsburgh Child Support Documentation  

E-print Network

of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support was paid of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

Sibille, Etienne

18

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...noncustodial parent, putative father, child), family violence indicator (domestic violence or child abuse), indication of whether a child support or paternity order is in effect, purpose of request, source of...

2011-01-05

19

13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

2010-01-01

20

The Strange Politics of Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

Christensen, Bryce

2001-01-01

21

Child Support and Remarriage Johns Hopkins University  

E-print Network

studies the reasons for low levels of child support paid by non-custodial divorced fathers. When mothers picked payment level. Assuming father's income is to some degree unobservable by mother after divorce, I support from divorced fathers 1. The failure of many divorced fathers to comply with court-mandated child

Niebur, Ernst

22

Child Support and Alimony: 1985. (Supplemental Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on the award and receipt of child support and alimony to women are reported. Additional data concerning receipt and type of property settlement following divorce is provided. The Bureau of the Census first conducted a survey specifically designed to obtain data on child support and alimony in spring, 1979. The survey, with minor…

Hanlon, Ruth A. Sanders; Henson, Mary F.

1989-01-01

23

Child support and alimony: 1985 (supplemental report).  

PubMed

This report on child support and alimony is based on data from the 1987 and 1986 US Current Population Surveys. As of spring 1986, 8.8 million mothers were living with children under 21 years of age whose fathers were not living in the household; 61%, or about 5.4 million, of these women were awarded or had an agreement to receive child support payments for their children as of the survey date. Of the 5.4 million women awarded child support, 4.4 million were supposed to receive child support for their children in 1985. Of those due payment, about half received the full amount they were due. Of the remaining women, there was no evidence of a difference between the proportion receiving partial payment and those receiving no payment at all--about 26% each. Of the 5.4 million women with awards for their children, 45% had health insurance included as part of the award. Of the 3.4 million women without child support awards, about half (48%) wanted but could not obtain awards for their children. The child support award rate reported in 1986 showed a slight increase from that of 1984 (up 2.2% to 58%). The proportion of women awarded child support payments in 1986 was higher for Whites (71%) than for Blacks (36%) or Hispanics (42%). Women with 4 or more years of college were more likely to have been awarded support payments (77%) than women with 4 years of high school (63%). The average (mean) amount of child support received in 1985 was $2200. PMID:12282323

Hanlon, R A

1989-03-01

24

Child support and alimony: 1983 (supplemental report).  

PubMed

The concern has continued over the financial situation of US women and their children after divorce and separation and over the situation of never-married mothers, in part due to the low average incomes and accompanying high incidence of poverty among families with family householders and no husband present. This report presents information on both the award and actual receipt of child support to women on behalf of their children and on alimony for their own support. Additional data concerning receipt and type of property settlement following divorce is provided for ever-divorced women. As of spring 1984, 8.7 million mothers were living with children under 21 years of age whose fathers were not living in the household; 58% or about 5 million of these women were awarded or had an agreement to receive child support payments for their children as of the survey date. Of the 5 million women awarded child support, 4 million were supposed to receive child support for their children in 1983. Of those due payment, about half received the full amount they were due. The child support award rate reported in 1984 (58%) was not significantly different from that of 1982; however, the proportion of women receiving payments in 1983 (76%) increased slightly over that of the previous survey (72%). The average (mean) amount of child support received in 1983 was $2340. About 43% of the 2.9 million women below the poverty level were awarded child support. Whites and college-educated women were more likely to be awarded child support. Only about 14% of the 17.4 million ever-divorced or currently separated women as of spring 1984 were awarded or had an agreement to receive alimony or maintenance payments In spring 1984, about 37% of the 14.8 million women who had ever been divorced reported receiving some form of property settlement. PMID:12314700

Sanders, R A

1986-10-01

25

Single Mothers and Child Support: The Possibilities and Limits of Child Support Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cites data from 214 welfare families to support the argument that tougher child-support enforcement can reduce welfare dependency. Suggests that the best way to mend the child-support system for welfare-reliant children is to create a system that takes into account the real-life situations of mothers and fathers, as well as norms regarding…

Edin, Kathryn

1995-01-01

26

The impact of child support on cognitive outcomes of young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child data to address three questions. First, does the receipt of child support\\u000a have beneficial effects for children with absent fathers apart from increasing income? Second, do the effects of child support\\u000a differ when child-support awards and payments are made cooperatively as opposed to being court ordered? Third, are any positive\\u000a effects of

Laura M. Argys; H. Elizabeth Peters; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Judith R. Smith

1998-01-01

27

Poverty Transitions among Families Supporting a Child with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little is known about child disability and dynamic aspects of poverty. Method: Analysis of data collected over a 12-month period for families (a) supporting a child with intellectual disability (n = 370), (b) supporting a child with other disability (n = 1,418), and (c) supporting a child with no disability (n = 7,215). Results: When…

Emerson, Eric; Shahtahmasebi, Said; Lancaster, Gillian; Berridge, Damon

2010-01-01

28

Child and Youth Care Family Support Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the theoretical process and practical skills involved in a child and youth care approach to family work. The behaviors and boundary dynamics for this worker are significantly different than those envisioned in family therapy approaches, including gaining credibility by actually living with difficult youth, trusting families to know what they need, supporting families by doing useful things

Jack Phelan

2004-01-01

29

TURNING OFFENDERS INTO RESPONSIBLE PARENTS AND CHILD SUPPORT PAYERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes four demonstration projects that strive to promote responsible behavior with respect to parenting, child support payment, and employment among incarcerated and paroled parents with child support obligations. These projects, conducted in Colorado, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Texas, with support from the federal Office of Child Support Enforcement and evaluated by the Center for Policy Research, led to a

Esther Ann Griswold; Jessica Pearson

2005-01-01

30

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

31

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

Maxwell, Bruce D.

32

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Dependent Student  

E-print Network

of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

Dyer, Bill

33

2013-14 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

Dyer, Bill

34

2014-15 Verification of Child Support Paid Independent Student  

E-print Network

of the person(s) to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child support of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support to be provided; A statement

Maxwell, Bruce D.

35

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

36

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...due to family or domestic violence, that-- (A) Specifies that the child has been or is being...reasonable evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and the disclosure...reasonable evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and the...

2010-06-07

37

Child support and welfare dependence: A multinomial logit analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between welfare dependency and receipt of child support is investigated with data from a special supplement to\\u000a the Current Population Survey. The impact of receiving child support on a family’s welfare status is estimated and the types\\u000a of families for which child support enforcement policies may have the great est impact are identified. Overall, the results\\u000a indicate that

Philip K. Robins; Katherine P. Dickinson

1985-01-01

38

Child support and welfare dynamics: Evidence from Wisconsin  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides estimates of the effect of child support on exiting and reentering welfare for a sample of divorced women\\u000a in Wisconsin. Modest amounts of child support do not have large effects on exiting welfare in this sample. The percentage\\u000a of women who return to welfare is higher than has been reported previously. Receiving child support significantly decreases\\u000a the

Daniel R. Meyer

1993-01-01

39

Giving Hope and Support to America's Children: Handbook on Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a "how-to" guide to help parents get the child support payments their children need and deserve. The handbook is written in a question and answer format. Chapter 1 provides information on child support enforcement problems, how parents can get help, and the basic fees and steps in getting child support. Chapter 2 presents…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

40

Employer-Supported Child Care: Who Participates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-care vouchers are becoming more common and can provide child-care assistance to a wide spectrum of the population. There is little empirical research, however, on which workers participate in their employer's child-care programs. In this exploratory study, employees with children at 1 large university completed questionnaires to gather…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2009-01-01

41

SUPPORTIVE EXPRESSIVE THERAPY – PARENT CHILD VERSION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy – Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent’s internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent–child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent–child play sessions followed

JOANNE G. CUMMINGS; JEAN-VICTOR WITTENBERG

2008-01-01

42

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Bartfeld, Judi.

43

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

44

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

. If there are differences between your FAFSA and your submitted documents, we will make the corrections electronically/spouse, or parent(s) to a separated or divorced spouse to help with the support of the child/children. · For a child/children/spouse, or parent(s) for child day care expenses. · For children living in the same household as the student. Did

Pantaleone, Jim

45

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

the corrections electronically. If you do not complete the verification process, you will forfeit federal student/spouse, or parent(s) to a separated or divorced spouse to help with the support of the child/children. For a child/children/spouse, or parent(s) for child day care expenses. For children living in the same household as the student. Did you

Pantaleone, Jim

46

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2011-10-01

47

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2012-10-01

48

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2014-10-01

49

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2013-10-01

50

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2010-10-01

51

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2012-10-01

52

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2010-10-01

53

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2013-10-01

54

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2011-10-01

55

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2014-10-01

56

Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

Olson, Maril

2007-01-01

57

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2011-01-01

58

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2013-01-01

59

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2014-01-01

60

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2012-01-01

61

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2010-01-01

62

Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

Haas, Karen S.

63

Social support and child protection: Lessons learned and learning.  

PubMed

Social support has been a topic of research for nearly 50 years, and its applications to prevention and intervention have grown significantly, including programs advancing child protection. This article summarizes the central conclusions of the 1994 review of research on social support and the prevention of child maltreatment prepared for the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, and surveys advances in the field since its publication. Among the lessons learned twenty years ago are (a) the diversity of the social support needs of at-risk families and their association with child endangerment, (b) the need to supplement the emotionally affirmative aspects of social support with efforts to socialize parenting practices and monitor child well-being, (c) the desirability of integrating formal and informal sources of social support for recipients, and (d) the importance of considering the complex recipient reactions to receiving support from others. The lessons we are now learning derive from research exploring the potential of online communication to enhance social support, the neurobiology of stress and its buffering through social support, and the lessons of evaluation research that are identifying the effective ingredients of social support interventions. PMID:25043921

Thompson, Ross A

2015-03-01

64

ChildChild CareCare / ChildChild-Raising-Raising SupportSupport thatthat SuitsSuits YouYou  

E-print Network

Nobinobi Child- Raising Support Daycare for sick and recovering children I'm so busy with work lately. I for me? There are even home-based daycares that take children up to 2 years old. Home-based daycares Daycares that take children on weekends and holidays Daycares where you can reserve a place for after

Takahashi, Ryo

65

Job retention in child welfare: Effects of perceived organizational support, supervisor support, and intrinsic job value  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a social exchange framework to address child welfare job retention. Data collected from an in-person survey of child welfare staff (Time 1) and staff retention information collected 15–17 months later (Time 2) were used to test hypotheses regarding the effects of extrinsic rewards, perceived organizational support, supervisor support, and intrinsic job value on job retention. Logistic regression

Brenda D. Smith

2005-01-01

66

Parental report vs. child perception of familial support: which is more associated with child physical activity and television use?  

PubMed Central

Background Parent-report and child perception of familial support for weight-related behaviors may not be congruent. This research explores whether parent-report or child perception is more strongly associated with child-reported physical activity and television (TV) use. Methods Elementary school children (n=73) participating in Ready. Set. Action!, a theatre-based obesity prevention pilot program in Saint Paul, MN, and their parents completed surveys assessing familial support for physical activity and limitations on TV use in fall 2006. Paired t-tests examined congruency between parent-report and child perception. Linear regression models adjusted for sociodemographics explored the associations between familial support and child-reported behavior. Results Levels of agreement between parent-report and child perception for support for physical activity and limitations on TV use were approximately 70%. Compared to parent-report for physical activity support, child perception was more strongly associated with child physical activity (?=.17, p=.02). Neither parent-report nor child perception for support for limitations on TV use was associated with child TV use. Discussion Although parent-report and child perception of familial support for physical activity and to limit TV use were similar, child perception was more strongly associated with child physical activity behavior. More research, probably qualitative, is needed to examine how parents and children define and perceive parental support. PMID:20551493

Barr-Anderson, Daheia J.; Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona; Haines, Jess; Hannan, Peter; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2010-01-01

67

Supportive expressive therapy--Parent child version: An exploratory study.  

PubMed

Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy--Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent's internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent-child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent-child play sessions followed by parent-therapist discussions. This exploratory study is the first randomized controlled study of SETPC. SET-PC was compared with the Incredible Years Parenting Program (IYPP; Webster-Stratton, 2001), an empirically supported group parent training intervention for child disruptive behavior. Treatment completers were 37 consecutive referrals of parent- child dyads (children ages 30-72 months) to an outpatient psychiatry clinic. SET-PC produced treatment outcomes that were equivalent to IYPP. Both treatments were associated with large effect sizes for decreases in externalizing behavior and for the positive quality of observed parent- child interactions and small effect sizes for improvements in parents' psychological functioning. Treatment gains were maintained at 1-year follow-up regardless of treatment condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22122414

Cummings, Joanne G; Wittenberg, Jean-Victor

2008-06-01

68

Explaining trends in child support: economic, demographic, and policy effects.  

PubMed

We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine trends in the receipt of child support (and the determinants of trends) between 1968 and 1997. The findings suggest that political, demographic, and economic forces all exerted downward pressure on child-support payments during this 30-year period, with inflation, the shift to unilateral divorce, and declines in fertility and men's earnings being more important during the earlier years and decreases in men's earnings being more important during the later years. These negative forces were offset by the passage of new child-support legislation in the 1980s and 1990s, including numeric guidelines, universal withholding, and genetic testing. PMID:12647519

Case, Anne C; Lin, I-Fen; McLanahan, Sara S

2003-02-01

69

Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms: Does Perceived Social Support Play a Buffering Role?  

PubMed Central

Objectives The current study investigates the moderating effect of perceived social support on associations between child maltreatment severity and adult trauma symptoms. We extend the existing literature by examining the roles of severity of multiple maltreatment types (i.e., sexual, physical, and emotional abuse; physical and emotional neglect) and gender in this process. Methods The sample included 372 newlywed individuals recruited from marriage license records. Participants completed a number of self-report questionnaires measuring the nature and severity of child maltreatment history, perceived social support from friends and family, and trauma-related symptoms. These questionnaires were part of a larger study, investigating marital and intrapersonal functioning. We conducted separate, two-step hierarchical multiple regression models for perceived social support from family and perceived social support from friends. In each of these models, total trauma symptomatology was predicted from each child maltreatment severity variable, perceived social support, and the product of the two variables. In order to examine the role of gender, we conducted separate analyses for women and men. Results As hypothesized, increased severity of several maltreatment types (sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and physical neglect) predicted greater trauma symptoms for both women and men, and increased physical abuse severity predicted greater trauma symptoms for women. Perceived social support from both family and friends predicted lower trauma symptoms across all levels of maltreatment for men. For women, greater perceived social support from friends, but not from family, predicted decreased trauma symptoms. Finally, among women, perceived social support from family interacted with child maltreatment such that, as the severity of maltreatment (physical and emotional abuse, emotional neglect) increased, the buffering effect of perceived social support from family on trauma symptoms diminished. Conclusions The results of the current study shed new light on the potential for social support to shield individuals against long-term trauma symptoms, and suggest the importance of strengthening perceptions of available social support when working with adult survivors of child maltreatment. PMID:23623620

Evans, Sarah E.; Steel, Anne; DiLillo, David

2013-01-01

70

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

71

Parents' reasons and motivations for supporting their child's music training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musical talent development in a child is a prolonged process requiring adult assistance of both large investments of time and financial resources. To understand the motivations of parents who support their children's music training, often initiating and sustaining it for a substantial period of time, a survey was sent to four music organizations on the east and west coasts. Parents

David Yun Dai; Robin Schader

2001-01-01

72

Strengthening the Circle: Child Support for Native American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technical amendments to the 1996 welfare reform legislation--the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)--include new requirements for administering a state child support enforcement program. This document provides background information to American Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, tribal courts, and…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

73

Parents' Reasons and Motivations for Supporting Their Child's Music Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents whose children were attending pre-college music programs (N=203) responded to 14 statements regarding reasons for supporting their child's music lessons. Parents generally reported more intrinsic than extrinsic reasons and expectations relating to the benefits of music training. Results are discussed in the context of cultural values and…

Dai, David Yun; Schader, Robin

2001-01-01

74

Supporting the family after the death of a child.  

PubMed

The death of a child can have a devastating effect on the family. The pediatrician has an important role to play in supporting the parents and any siblings still in his or her practice after such a death. Pediatricians may be poorly prepared to provide this support. Also, because of the pain of confronting the grief of family members, they may be reluctant to become involved. This statement gives guidelines to help the pediatrician provide such support. It describes the grief reactions that can be expected in family members after the death of a child. Ways of supporting family members are suggested, and other helpful resources in the community are described. The goal of this guidance is to prevent outcomes that may impair the health and development of affected parents and children. PMID:23184104

Wender, Esther

2012-12-01

75

Harmonic biases in child learners: In support of language universals.  

PubMed

A fundamental question for cognitive science concerns the ways in which languages are shaped by the biases of language learners. Recent research using laboratory language learning paradigms, primarily with adults, has shown that structures or rules that are common in the languages of the world are learned or processed more easily than patterns that are rare or unattested. Here we target child learners, investigating a set of biases for word order learning in the noun phrase studied by Culbertson, Smolensky, and Legendre (2012) in college-age adults. We provide the first evidence that child learners exhibit a preference for typologically common harmonic word order patterns-those which preserve the order of the head with respect to its complements-validating the psychological reality of a principle formalized in many different linguistic theories. We also discuss important differences between child and adult learners in terms of both the strength and content of the biases at play during language learning. In particular, the bias favoring harmonic patterns is markedly stronger in children than adults, and children (unlike adults) acquire adjective ordering more readily than numeral ordering. The results point to the importance of investigating learning biases across development in order to understand how these biases may shape the history and structure of natural languages. PMID:25800352

Culbertson, Jennifer; Newport, Elissa L

2015-06-01

76

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

77

Caregiver Social Support for Children Involved With Child Welfare: Correlates and Racial\\/Ethnic Variations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined correlates of and racial\\/ethnic variations in social support for caregivers involved in child protective services. A subsample of caregivers and children from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) was used to examine whether sources and amount of social support for parents in child welfare would vary by race and ethnicity. The findings indicate that

Sunny Hyucksun Shin; Sungkyu Lee

2011-01-01

78

Computer Support of Placement Planning: The Use of Expert Systems in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the potential usefulness of computers for social service practitioners in child welfare, using the "expert systems" model to support the placement planning process. Presents the structure of one experimental consulting program (PLACECON) for child welfare workers. (Author/HOD)

Schuerman, John R.; Vogel, Lynn Harold

1986-01-01

79

CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________  

E-print Network

, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child additional documentation, such as: · A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows

Rosen, Jay

80

Page 1 of 1 CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3)  

E-print Network

, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child may require additional documentation, such as: · A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree

Rosen, Jay

81

76 FR 61289 - Public Hearing on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division...Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties to give interested persons an...C. The Assessment of Child Labor Civil Money Penalties (29 CFR Part 579) The...

2011-10-04

82

Parental and Peer Contributions to the Emotional Support Skills of the Child: From Whom Do Children Learn to Express Support?  

E-print Network

With advancing age, children increasingly turn to peers for emotional support, and the child's ability to provide sensitive emotional support to peers becomes an increasingly important predictor of social acceptance. Although individual differences...

Burleson, Brant R.; Kunkel, Adrianne

2002-01-01

83

The racial foundations of whites' support for child saving.  

PubMed

Scholars emphasize that attitudes toward rehabilitation and views about punitive polices are distinct phenomena with seemingly unique etiologies. However, few existing studies examine the sources of public views about juvenile rehabilitation, or "child saving," and none engage a measure of racial attitudes. At the same time, recent theoretical work implicates racial concerns as a central foundation of public opinion about youth justice. This paper thus provides the first assessment of whether whites' perceptions of the racial makeup of delinquents and animosities toward blacks are associated with their views about juvenile rehabilitation. Findings show that whites who more strongly associate delinquency with blacks and those who are racially resentful both tend to be less supportive-in absolute and relative terms-of rehabilitation. The results also suggest that contextual threat moderates the effect of racial typification of delinquency, but not that of racial resentment, on whites' views about rehabilitation. PMID:24468433

Pickett, Justin T; Chiricos, Ted; Gertz, Marc

2014-03-01

84

76 FR 67104 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division...Department is proposing to revise its civil money penalty regulations to incorporate into...both whether to assess a child labor civil money penalty and the amount of that...

2011-10-31

85

How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

Daniel, Jerlean E.

2012-01-01

86

Social Support and Treatment Outcome in Behavioral Family Therapy for Child Conduct Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed role of social support in outcome of child management training (CMT) for single parents and assessed impact of adjunctive ally support training (AST) on treatment outcome. Single parents (n=22) with oppositional or conduct-disordered child received either CMT or CMT plus AST. Both groups improved, with changes maintained at followup; AST…

Dadds, Mark R.; McHugh, Therese A.

1992-01-01

87

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Travel  

E-print Network

Important program information is summarized on page 2 of this form. Child Care Support During Employee ID/Student ID Position Department Daytime Phone Email Campus address, including mail code Event/Coverage for Planned Care Employee Signature Signature Date #12;2 Child Care Support During Travel GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Rollins, Andrew M.

88

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2013-10-01

89

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2012-10-01

90

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2011-10-01

91

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2011-10-01

92

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2010-10-01

93

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2013-10-01

94

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2014-10-01

95

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2014-10-01

96

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01... What procedures governing child support guidelines must a...Section 309.105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2010-10-01

97

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal...Section 309.115 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT...

2012-10-01

98

Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

2010-01-01

99

Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

100

Reorganizing Child Protective Services: Protecting Children and Providing Family Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the proposal to assign the child protective investigative function to law enforcement agencies, while maintaining the family service function in the child welfare system. Reviews the national experience with the separation of income maintenance and social services in public welfare, advising extreme caution in the implementation of this…

Hutchison, Elizabeth D.; And Others

1994-01-01

101

77 FR 31549 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the agricultural employment of children under the age of 16. The Department...would re-propose the parts of the child labor NPRM related to its interpretation...protect the safety, health and welfare of children, the FLSA, 29 U.S.C....

2012-05-29

102

Case Studies of Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities: Travel and Field Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and evaluates 50 facilities and settings for play, child care, and early childhood development. Objectives of the research were to (1) sensitize the U.S. Army to the role of the physical environment in child play, care and development; (2) comparatively document and assess a sample of both military and civilian care…

Cohen, Uriel; And Others

103

Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know  

Microsoft Academic Search

We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

2005-01-01

104

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

105

Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

2009-01-01

106

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

107

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

108

Child Depressive Symptoms, Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences between African American and European American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Mother and Child samples, we explored the relationships among child and adolescent depressive symptoms, spanking, and emotional support offered to youth. We present cross-sectional and change models for both African Americans and European Americans. Findings showed that regardless of race,…

Christie-Mizell, C. Andre; Pryor, Erin M.; Grossman, Elizabeth R. B.

2008-01-01

109

Order and chaos : articulating support, housing transformation  

E-print Network

This thesis presents an exploration on the theme of order and chaos, as a formal and social phenomenon, particularly as it relates to housing. The work stems from an attraction to the messy vitality we find in certain ...

Boehm, William Hollister

1990-01-01

110

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2011-10-01

111

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2012-10-01

112

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-10-01

113

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2014-10-01

114

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70 Section 235.70 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2010-10-01

115

The effect of child support on welfare exits and re-entries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the literature on welfare dynamics has focused on the effects of recipient characteristics and state-level characteristics such as welfare benefits and economic conditions; there has been very little analysis on the effects of child support. This paper, using the 1979-1996 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, examines whether child support affects the likelihood of leaving and re-entering welfare. The

Chien-Chung Huang; James Kunz; Irwin Garfinkel

2002-01-01

116

Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.  

PubMed

Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

2013-01-01

117

Stress, Social Support, and Workers' Intentions to Leave Their Jobs in Public Child Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationships among stress, social support, and intention to leave in 418 public child welfare workers. Workers with higher levels of stress were more likely to think about leaving, while those receiving greater social support were less likely. Social support did not buffer the effects of organizational stress, but had some effect in buffering the effects

Jan A. Nissly; Michàl E. Mor Barak; Amy Levin

2005-01-01

118

Falling Further Behind? Child Support Arrears and Fathers’ Labor Force Participation  

PubMed Central

This study examines how child support arrears affect fathers’ labor force participation. It relies on longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study. Findings from analyses of these data suggest that child support arrears result in declines in average weeks worked in the formal labor market in subsequent time periods. These findings are driven by the behaviors of fathers who had relatively high amounts of arrears and no income in the previous year and are mostly robust to tests for selection into no work or low levels of work by fathers. Findings also suggest that arrears obligations that are low relative to income result in increases in the probability that fathers engage in any formal work. Arrears are not statistically significantly related to informal labor force participation. This study highlights both intended and unintended consequences of the growth in arrears under current child support enforcement policies. PMID:23935220

Miller, Daniel P.; Mincy, Ronald B.

2013-01-01

119

Rev. 02/2013 Has one of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012?  

E-print Network

, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child: A copy of the separation agreement or divorce decree that shows the amount of child support

Rhode Island, University of

120

Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

Newland, Lisa A.

2014-01-01

121

Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

2010-01-01

122

Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.  

PubMed

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

2012-01-01

123

The Central Registry/Clearinghouse: A Tool for Improving the Child Support Enforcement Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential uses of a central registry/clearinghouse approach in the Child Support Enforcement Program (CSEP) are described in this publication. The CSEP was established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act in an effort to reduce federal monies spent supporting dependent children not receiving financial assistance from absent parents.…

Cooper, Dennis C.; And Others

124

To What Extent Do Children Benefit from Child Support? Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which children enjoy regular contact and financial support from their noncustodial parents. It also looks at the extent to which children who have a parent living elsewhere and their custodians are financially dependent on child support. Data are from the National Survey of America's Families. In this survey, data…

Sorenson, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

125

Why Do Child-Directed Interactions Support Imitative Learning in Young Children?  

PubMed Central

Child-directed cues support imitation of novel actions at 18 months, but not at two years of age. The current studies explore the mechanisms that underlie the propensity that children have to copy others at 18 months, and how the value of child-directed communication changes over development. We ask if attentional allocation accounts for children's failure to imitate observed actions at 18 months, and their success at two years of age, and we explore the informational value child-directed contexts may provide across ontogeny. Eighteen-month-old (Study 1) and two-year-old (Study 2) children viewed causally non-obvious actions performed by child-directed (Study 1 & 2), observed (Study 1 & 2), or non-interactive (Study 2) actors, and their visual attention and imitative behaviors were assessed. Results demonstrated that child-directed contexts supported imitative learning for 18-month-old children, independent of their effects on proximal attention. However, by two years of age, neither directness nor communication between social partners was a necessary condition for supporting social imitation. These findings suggest that developmental changes in children's propensity to extract information from observation cannot be accounted for by changes in children's interpretation of what counts as child-directed information, and are likely not due to changes in how children allocate attention to observed events. PMID:25333623

Shneidman, Laura; Todd, Roisleen; Woodward, Amanda

2014-01-01

126

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

127

Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationship than were the siblings themselves. As hypothesized, stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling relationships. Informal social support buffered the deleterious effects

Jessica Wood Rivers; Zolinda Stoneman

2003-01-01

128

Child Support Enforcement: Incentives and Well-Being. JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public enforcement of private child support obligations transfers income from nonresident parents to resident parents (mostly mothers) or, if the mother is receiving welfare, to the state. This paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature on the effects of this transfer of income and presents new empirical evidence on the effects of stronger…

Garfinkel, Irwin; Heintze, Theresa; Huang, Chien-Chung

129

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

130

The Relationship between Family Education and Support Services and Parent and Child Outcomes over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the use of family education and support (FES) services by examining the longitudinal trajectories of FES receipt and multiple domains of child and family functioning. Using an extant data set of more than 9,000 youth and their caregivers, results indicate that families who…

Kutash, Krista; Garraza, Lucas Godoy; Ferron, John M.; Duchnowski, Albert J.; Walrath, Christine; Green, Amy L.

2013-01-01

131

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

132

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

133

Multiple Families, Multiple Goals, Multiple Failures: The Need for “Limited Equalization” as a Theory of Child Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current child support laws are based on flawed assumptions about families that fail to reflect family complexity and the realities of parenting. Further, there has been little reevaluation of the stated goals of child support law since they were first implemented thirty years ago. The stated goals — fiscal savings, children’s economic well-being, and parental involvement — have not been

Adrienne Jennings Lockie

2009-01-01

134

Welfare policies and covert behaviors: Understanding the effects on low-income families needing child support in central Iowa  

Microsoft Academic Search

When President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) into law on August 22, 1996, programs to strengthen child support enforcement and improve receipt efforts were established. However, the lives of welfare recipients who were receiving child support were forever changed. These single mothers would now have to attempt to find employment, no matter what their

Alissa Stoehr

2009-01-01

135

A high order meshless method with compact support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-spite of their advantages in handling complex geometries, meshless methods have been restricted very much to applications at low spatial order, typically of the second-order. This is because the conventional meshless methods would require a very large supporting set of nodes when high-order interpolants are used, and this could pose problems for neighborhood and nodal selection in complex domains. In this work, a new meshless method is proposed for obtaining high-order approximation on a highly compact nodal set. Whereas conventional meshless methods utilize the lowest-order solution data to reconstruct the solution and its derivatives in the neighborhood of the reference node, the present method increases the usage of available information at the nodes by interpolating over nodal set of vector data. The utilization of the increased degrees of freedom and corresponding high-order information at nodes results in a significant reduction in the number of support nodes needed for solution reconstruction. High-order accuracy of up to the 6th order is demonstrated for problems in linear advection, diffusion and Poisson equation. The scheme is also applied to incompressible viscous fluid flows governed by the nonlinear system of Navier-Stokes equations. In all cases, nine support nodes (including the reference node) are used for data interpolation and spatial reconstruction.

Shyam Sundar, D.; Yeo, K. S.

2014-09-01

136

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study  

PubMed Central

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?2 = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

Lindsey, Michael A.; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J. Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M.; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B.

2012-01-01

137

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study.  

PubMed

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?(2) = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

Lindsey, Michael A; Gilreath, Tamika D; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B

2012-05-01

138

Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment. PMID:23562083

Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

2013-01-01

139

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina.  

PubMed

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service's Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

Snyder, Elizabeth H; Lawrence, C Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A

2012-04-01

140

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure. PMID:24013522

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

141

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher–child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation techniques. The study examined Banking Time effects in relation to changes in

Katherine C. Driscoll; Robert C. Pianta

2010-01-01

142

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

143

Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Ana-Maria Vranceanu; Stevan E. Hobfoll; Robert J. Johnson

2007-01-01

144

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

145

Direct and Indirect Effects of Birth Order on Personality and Identity: Support for the Null Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors proposed that birth order affects psychosocial outcomes through differential investment from parent to child and differences in the degree of identification from child to parent. The authors conducted this study to test these 2 models. Despite the use of statistical and methodological procedures to increase sensitivity and reduce…

Dunkel, Curtis S.; Harbke, Colin R.; Papini, Dennis R.

2009-01-01

146

Inadequate child supervision: The role of alcohol outlet density, parent drinking behaviors, and social support.  

PubMed

Supervisory neglect, or the failure of a caregiver to appropriately supervise a child, is one of the predominant types of neglectful behaviors, with alcohol use being considered a key antecedent to inadequate supervision of children. The current study builds on previous work by examining the role of parental drinking and alcohol outlet densities while controlling for caregiver and child characteristics. Data were obtained from 3,023 participants via a telephone survey from 50 cities throughout California. The telephone survey included items on neglectful parenting practices, drinking behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics. Densities of alcohol outlets were measured for each of the 202 zip codes in the study. Multilevel Bernoulli models were used to analyze the relationship between four supervisory neglect parenting practices and individual-level and zip code-level variables. In our study, heavy drinking was only significantly related to one of our four outcome variables (leaving a child where he or she may not be safe). The density of on premise alcohol outlets was positively related to leaving a child home alone when an adult should be present. This study demonstrates that discrete relationships exist between alcohol related variables, social support, and specific supervisory neglect subtypes at the ecological and individual levels. PMID:25061256

Freisthler, Bridget; Johnson-Motoyama, Michelle; Kepple, Nancy J

2014-08-01

147

Please use this map as a guide on the road to finding services and supports for your child and family  

E-print Network

Immunizations, lead testing, fluoride supplements, child passenger safety seat grant program · WIC -Women programs including Family Support, Birth to Three, Medicaid/BadgerCare, Foodshare, WIC and many others

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

148

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2010-10-01

149

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2012-10-01

150

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2012-10-01

151

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2014-10-01

152

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2010-10-01

153

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2011-10-01

154

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2014-10-01

155

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2011-10-01

156

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-10-01

157

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264.30 Section 264.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-10-01

158

Improving the retention of child welfare workers by strengthening skills and increasing support for supervisors.  

PubMed

Increasingly, effective supervision has been found to be critical in the retention of child welfare workers. In 2006 the State of Missouri Children's Division implemented a supervisory strategic plan to concentrate on supervisory training and effectiveness, with the expectation that emphasis on supervision would improve the retention of frontline workers. Using annual responses to the survey of organizational excellence and retention data, this study examines perceptions of child welfare workers and supervisors on three workplace constructs. Analyses support hypotheses that retention of workers improved in the year following the implementation of the supervisory plan, and measures of supervisor effectiveness, team effectiveness, and job satisfaction also increased. Explanations of primary findings are provided and implications for practice and policy are discussed. PMID:20187565

Renner, Lynette M; Porter, Rebecca L; Preister, Steven

2009-01-01

159

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

160

More than a Work Support? Issues around Integrating Child Development Goals into the Child Care Subsidy System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes current approaches to child care subsidies and identifies several issues and opportunities facing those who want to integrate a stronger child development focus into the subsidy system. Concludes with a discussion of important questions for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers to help the subsidy system achieve a better balance…

Adams, Gina; Rohacek, Monica

2002-01-01

161

Mechanical Circulatory Support of the Critically Ill Child Awaiting Heart Transplantation  

PubMed Central

The majority of children awaiting heart transplantation require inotropic support, mechanical ventilation, and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Unfortunately, due to the limited pool of organs, many of these children do not survive to transplant. Mechanical circulatory support of the failing heart in pediatrics is a new and rapidly developing field world-wide. It is utilized in children with acute congestive heart failure associated with congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis, both as a bridge to transplantation and as a bridge to myocardial recovery. The current arsenal of mechanical assist devices available for children is limited to ECMO, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, centrifugal pump ventricular assist devices, the DeBakey ventricular assist device Child; the Thoratec ventricular assist device; and the Berlin Heart. In the spring of 2004, five contracts were awarded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to support preclinical development for a range of pediatric ventricular assist devices and similar circulatory support systems. The support of early development efforts provided by this program is expected to yield several devices that will be ready for clinical trials within the next few years. Our work reviews the current international experience with mechanical circulatory support in children and summarizes our own experience since 2005 with the Berlin Heart, comparing the indications for use, length of support, and outcome between these modalities. PMID:21286278

Gazit, Avihu Z; Gandhi, Sanjiv K; C Canter, Charles

2010-01-01

162

20 CFR 410.587 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. 410.587 Section 410.587 Employees...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. If current maintenance needs...dependent child, or a legally dependent parent of the beneficiary. [37 FR...

2010-04-01

163

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2010-01-01

164

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2011-01-01

165

Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-01-01

166

Social support, collective efficacy, and child physical abuse: does parent gender matter?  

PubMed

Social support and collective efficacy are related to child physical abuse. However, little is known about whether these relationships differ by gender, although mothers and fathers differ in the quantity and quality of time spent with children. This study examined whether the relationship between social support, collective efficacy, and physical abuse is stronger for mothers than fathers. Telephone interviews were conducted with parent respondents in 50 California cities (N = 3,023). Data were analyzed via overdispersed multi-level Poisson models. Results suggest that high levels of emotional support were inversely associated with physical abuse for women and men, although this effect was stronger for women. High levels of companionship support were positively associated with physical abuse for women; however, the opposite was true for men. There were no significant interactions between collective efficacy variables and gender. The relationships between some types of social support and physical abuse appear to vary for men and women suggesting possibilities for more targeted intervention. PMID:25520320

Price-Wolf, Jennifer

2015-05-01

167

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

168

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Depression for Ethnic Minority Adolescent Mothers: Impact on Child Development  

PubMed Central

Rates of teenage pregnancies are higher for African American and Latina adolescents compared to their White peers. African American and Latina adolescent mothers also experience more adversities than their White peers, such as higher rates of depression, school dropout, and economic disadvantage. Furthermore, children of adolescent mothers are at higher risk for adverse development. Parenting stress and social support can impact outcomes experienced by adolescent parents and their children. The present study examined the influence of adolescent mothers' parenting stress and perceived social support on maternal depression at baseline (six months after birth), and its impact on infant development one year later (18 months after birth). Participants were 180 adolescent mothers of African American or Latino/Hispanic descent. Results suggest that higher levels of parenting stress and less perceived social support were associated with higher levels of depression in the adolescent mothers at baseline. Higher levels of maternal depression were also associated with more developmental delays in infants one year post-baseline. Additionally, depression mediated the relationship between parenting stress and later child outcomes. These findings highlight the importance of examining parenting factors such as parenting stress, social support, and maternal depression in ethnic minority adolescent parents, and provide valuable information regarding unique risk and protective factors associated with positive maternal outcomes for ethnic minority adolescent parents and healthy development for their children. PMID:24653641

Costeines, Jessica; Ayala, Carmen; Kaufman, Joy S.

2013-01-01

169

Executive Order 1083 Attachment C  

E-print Network

) An administrative officer or supervisor of child welfare and attendance, or a certificated pupil personnel employee, or local child support agency caseworker, unless the investigator, inspector, or caseworker is workingExecutive Order 1083 Attachment C California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act Penal Code

Eirinaki, Magdalini

170

Supporting Families and Children of Mothers in Jail: An Integrated Child Welfare and Criminal Justice Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the needs of incarcerated mothers for child welfare services. Explores why working with women in jail and their children is within the scope of the child welfare system's mandate. Describes pressures on criminal justice and child welfare systems that prevent either from working effectively with these families; suggests a collaborative…

Katz, Pamela Covington

1998-01-01

171

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

172

Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

2010-01-01

173

Identifying rare-variant associations in parent-child trios using a Gaussian support vector machine.  

PubMed

As the availability of cost-effective high-throughput sequencing technology increases, genetic research is beginning to focus on identifying the contributions of rare variants (RVs) to complex traits. Using RVs to detect associated genes requires statistical approaches that mitigate the lack of power with the analysis of single RVs. Here we report the development and application of an approach that aggregates and evaluates the transmissions of RVs in parent-child trios. An initial score that incorporates the distortion in transmission of the observed RVs from the parents to their offspring is calculated for each variant. The scores are analyzed using a support vector machine that handles these data by mapping the transmission distortion of the multiple RVs into a one-dimensional score in a nonlinear fashion when parent-child trios with affected and nonaffected children are contrasted. We refer to this approach as Trio-SVM. A total of 275 trios were available in the Genetic Analysis Workshop 18 data for analysis. Because of their nonindependence and the extended linkage disequilibrium (LD) within pedigrees, Trio-SVM was vulnerable to type I errors in detecting association. Using the GAW18 data with simulated trait values, Trio-SVM has an appropriate type I error, but it lacks power with a sample of 267 trios. Larger samples of 500 to 1000 trios, derived from combining the simulated data, provided sufficient power. Two chromosome 3 candidate genes were tested in the real GAW18 data with Trio-SVM, and they showed marginal associations with hypertension. PMID:25519420

Lu, Ake T; Cantor, Rita M

2014-01-01

174

A life enriching togetherness--meanings of informal support when being a parent of a child with disability.  

PubMed

The majority of children affected by disability are cared for at home by their parents. It is well documented in research literature that the parents are in need of professional support. In the striving to improve the professional caring, it is also important to deepen our understanding about the meaning of informal support from the perspective of parents' life world. The aim of this study was to illuminate the meanings of lived experience of informal support, when being a parent of a child affected by disability. Thirteen parents, eight mothers and five fathers within eight families, participated in narrative interviews, which were analysed by using a phenomenological-hermeneutic method. The meanings resulted in three themes: 'being gratified by experiences of the child as having a natural place in relation with others', 'being provided a room for sorrow and joy' and 'being enabled to live an eased and spontaneous daily life'. These themes emanated from the experiences of other persons' being and doing in relation to the parents, the child affected by disability and the siblings. According to our interpretation, informal support means a life enriching togetherness, the core of which is natural human caring. The findings also showed that parents highly valued professional support concerning informal supporters. PMID:17559443

Lindblad, Britt-Marie; Holritz-Rasmussen, Birgit; Sandman, Per-Olof

2007-06-01

175

Parent-child interaction therapy: application of an empirically supported treatment to maltreated children in foster care.  

PubMed

One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health outcomes. Interventions that work with challenging foster children and enhance foster parents' skills in managing problem behaviors are necessary. This article presents the successful results of a single case study examining the application of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with an aggressive young boy and his foster-adoptive parent. PCIT is a dyadic intervention that has been identified as an empirically supported treatment for abused children and for children with different types of behavioral disruption. The application of PCIT to assist foster parents is a promising direction for child welfare services. PMID:17305042

Timmer, Susan G; Urquiza, Anthony J; Herschell, Amy D; McGrath, Jean M; Zebell, Nancy M; Porter, Alissa L; Vargas, Eric C

2006-01-01

176

[Analyze skills and competencies in maternal and child health to drive and support change].  

PubMed

The purpose of this action-research is to help support the development of competencies for nineteen professionals from service units providing maternal and child health care (PMI) in the Côtes-d'Armor and to propose a frame of reference for skills developed through an analysis of their activities. In this study, the use of the self-confrontation method consists in organizing three 90 minute sequences of activity analysis, specifically to measure self-efficacy, before and after the action performed. According to socio-cognitive theory, the capacity to acquire competencies depends partly on achieving a high level of self-efficacy at work. The activity analysis led to the formulation of a reference framework of core skills and competencies assumed by and distributed to the various teams; it also led to higher scores in self-efficacy. The expected results from a managerial perspective are the remobilization of teams, collaboration between professionals, development of skills, professional autonomy and improved service quality. In the medical and social sector, activity analysis has found a new scope and field of application, with the purpose to promote professionalism and effective management of teams. PMID:20441624

Nagels, Marc; Letoret, Anne

2010-01-01

177

Special Issues in Child Care: Supporting Infants Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants and children with prenatal drug exposure and/or a caregiver with a substance abuse problem participate in child care centers and homes throughout the United States. Thus, child care providers are in a position to monitor not only the need for physical, cognitive, or behavioral early intervention, but also to collaborate with parents on…

Welch, Ginger L.; Mullins, Sharon M.

2007-01-01

178

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

Zoll, Susan M.

2011-01-01

179

Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

2011-01-01

180

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

181

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

182

Beyond the Simple Model of Child Care Facilities: Support Spaces for Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The age of child care building on a wide scale really began in the 1970s. Before that, there had been a history of day nurseries going back to the turn of the century and Lanham Act centers during World War II to provide care for "Rosie the Riveter" mothers in the work force. The "purpose built" child care center was an economical box with almost…

Greenman, Jim

2006-01-01

183

Investment in Child Quality over Marital States. Discussion Paper No. 1320-07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies governing divorce and parenting, such as child support orders and enforcement, child custody regulations, and marital dissolution requirements, can have a large impact on the welfare of parents and children. Recent research has produced evidence on the responses of divorce rates to unilateral divorce laws and child support enforcement. In…

Brown, Meta; Flinn, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

184

A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.  

PubMed

The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

2014-10-01

185

Formal supports improve QOL for parents of children with disabilities : systematic review; and, Mothers caring for a child with a disability require dynamic, tailored support services to return to paid work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents caring for a child with a disability (PCCD) may experience adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) due to role demands, hence it is important to evaluate available support services. This paper aims to systematically review current research examining the impact of formally provided, parent-focused emotional or informational interventions on QOL for parents caring for a child with a

Sylvana Pasini

2011-01-01

186

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

187

Emerging effortful control in infancy and toddlerhood and maternal support: A child driven or parent driven model?  

PubMed

This study examined the association between children's temperamental characteristics of rudimentary effortful control (EC) and mothers' supportive reactions to their children's negative emotions in infancy and toddler period. One hundred and fifty eight (78 girls) Taiwanese children's EC was assessed at 12 and 24 months with mothers' report on the very short-form scales of Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) respectively. The mothers also completed questionnaires to assess their comforting behaviors at 12 months and both comforting and cognitive assistance to their children's expression of negative emotions when the child was 24 months old. A structural model was used to examine within- and across-time relations between children's EC and the maternal support. The results showed continuity of EC related temperament from infancy to toddlerhood and the 12-month rudimentary EC positively predicted mothers' comforting and cognitive assistance at 24 months, suggesting that mothers modulate their use of support in accordance with their prior knowledge of their children's regulatory capacities. The results indicated an influence of infants' temperament on adult behaviors, supporting potential evocative child effects on mothers' emotion coaching behaviors. PMID:24607991

Li, Ishien; Pawan, Ciwas; Stansbury, Kathy

2014-05-01

188

Caregiving in the Philippines: a quantitative survey on adult-child caregivers' perceptions of burden, stressors, and social support.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe the present caregiving situation of Filipino adult-child caregivers (CGs) particularly aiming to identify the predictors of CG burden and to assess the effect of social support on stressors and perception of burden. A cross-sectional survey employing face-to-face interviews with 193 adult-child CGs in Davao City, Philippines, measured the perception of burden using the Cost of Care Index (CCI) by Kosberg and Cairl. Results indicated the majority were daughter CGs living with their elderly parents, who were receiving high levels of informal social support. A moderate to high level of burden perception (mean+/-S.D. score of 47.0+/-9.1) was found among respondents. CGs with higher educational attainment showed low burden perception. However, higher family income and higher State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) anxiety scores were associated with higher burden perception. Also, longer caregiving hours, a male care recipient (CR), and the presence of CR's memory and behavior problems predicted higher CG burden. The interaction between stressors and perceived burden showed that social support provided a buffering effect for CGs experiencing higher burden perception. This suggests that respite and support resources including community-based counseling and education programs to assist CGs in dealing with stress may positively contribute to reduce burden. PMID:16982103

Varona, Rachel; Saito, Tami; Takahashi, Miyako; Kai, Ichiro

2007-01-01

189

A decision support system to facilitate warehouse order fulfillment in cross-border supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a decision support system (DSS) to enhance the performance of cross-border supply chain, the goal of which is to improve order planning and fulfill customer orders within the warehouse. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An intelligent DSS, namely order picking planning system (OPPS) with the adoption of case-based reasoning, is proposed to support

Cathy H. Y. Lam; K. L. Choy; S. H. Chung

2011-01-01

190

Child's Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

191

Supporting Children's Participation in Finnish Child Care Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's participation in the early childhood education context is a multidimensional issue and educators have a significant role in enhancing participation. In this paper, we focus on the existing challenges to children's participation and the ways that child care educators can work as teams to meet those challenges. The data were…

Venninen, Tuulikki; Leinonen, Jonna; Lipponen, Lasse; Ojala, Mikko

2014-01-01

192

An Evaluation of the Child and Parent Support Service within the Magherafelt and Cookstown Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the interface between adult mental health issues and child development. It refers to the literature on the impact of parental mental health difficulties on children's developmental trajectories. The article then describes a pilot scheme involving a partnership between the Northern Ireland Association of Mental Health and…

Griffiths, Huw; Boland, Vikki; Gilliland, David; McKernan, Bronagh; Shields, Liz

2007-01-01

193

COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

2005-01-01

194

Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

Education Next, 2007

2007-01-01

195

A Model of Children's Adjustment: Child-Peer Group Fit, Peer Relations, and Peer Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using longitudinal data on 101 sixth-graders who participated in the Pennsylvania Early Adolescent Transitions Study, the following two hypotheses were tested by means of path analysis: (1) the goodness of fit between a child's temperamental characteristics and the temperamental preferences held by the peer group is instrumental in determining a…

East, Patricia L.; Lerner, Richard M.

196

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

197

Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

2006-01-01

198

Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

Yates, Tweety

2011-01-01

199

Supporting Military Parent and Child Adjustment to Deployments and Separations With Filial Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental deployment can have a significant impact on children's psychological, behavioral, and physical well-being. Although most children are resilient, researchers agree that long periods of separation might be a significant source of stress for parents and children in military families. This paper provides a review of the literature of the effects of parental military deployment on child well-being and the

Neelu Chawla; Monica Solinas-Saunders

2011-01-01

200

63 FR 14756 - Processing Garnishment Orders for Child Support and Alimony and Commercial Garnishment of Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...784-9100 Federal Correctional Institution, Personnel...625-4607 Federal Correctional Institution, Personnel...547-7950 Federal Detention Center, Personnel Office...597-4884 Bureau of Prisons, Personnel Office...317-3199 U.S. Penitentiary, Personnel Office...551-1114 Federal Prison Camp, Personnel Office...445-2901 Federal Correctional Complex,......

1998-03-26

201

60 FR 5044 - Processing Garnishment Orders for Child Support and/or Alimony  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Prisons Systems, Federal Correctional Institution, Personnel...717) 547-7950 Federal Prisons Systems, Federal Detention Center, Personnel Office...305) 597-4884 Federal Prisons Systems, Bureau of Prisons...Prisons Systems, U.S. Penitentiary, Personnel Office, P...Prisons Systems, Federal Prison Camp, Personnel......

1995-01-25

202

61 FR 67378 - Processing Garnishment Orders for Child Support and/or Alimony  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...784-9100 Federal Correctional Institution, Personnel...625-4607 Federal Correctional Institution, Personnel...547-7950 Federal Detention Center, Personnel Office...597-4884 Bureau of Prisons, Personnel Office...317-3199 U.S. Penitentiary, Personnel Office...551-1144 Federal Prison Camp, Personnel Office...445-2901 Federal Correctional Complex,......

1996-12-20

203

75 FR 81684 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2011 The Sarbanes-Oxley...Act''), established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2010-12-28

204

78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2013-02-20

205

77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2012-01-18

206

Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

1988-05-01

207

The developmental–ecological approach of Japanese child welfare professionals to supporting children's social and emotional well-being: The practice of mimamori  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates a cultural–developmental approach to the study of child welfare. It describes in cultural context everyday socialization beliefs and practices through which Japanese child welfare workers attempt to support the well-being of maltreated children. Through repeated individual and focus group interviews, naturalistic observations, and an intervention, three interrelated concepts emerged: Ibasho (a place necessary to psychological well-being where

Sachiko Bamba; Wendy Haight

2009-01-01

208

Theoretical and Judicial Practice Aspects Regarding the Supporting Obligation Between Parents and Child in the Regulation of the Family Code and the New Civil Code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarded in its finality, that of assuring the material conditions to fulfill the child's growth, education and professional training liabilities, parent's obligation to support him represents one of the specific duties that give a form to the judicial institution of parental care. Specific requirement of children support by parents or adopter is that the state of need of the minor

Alin-Gheorghe Gavrilescu

2010-01-01

209

The Development of Linear Ordering Preferences in Child Language: The Influence of Accessibility and Topicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When communicating with their interlocutors, adults have a robust preference to order previously mentioned ("old") referents in the discourse before mentioning referents that have not yet been introduced in the discourse ("new"). But in an experimental study investigating phrasal conjuncts, 3- to 5-year-olds acquiring German exhibit a "new-old"…

Dimroth, Christine; Narasimhan, Bhuvana

2012-01-01

210

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

2004-01-01

211

Language learning: How much evidence does a child need in order to learn to speak grammatically?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to learn grammar from a finite amount of evidence, children must begin with in-built expectations of what is grammatical.\\u000a They clearly are not born, however, with fully developed grammars. Thus early language development involves refinement of\\u000a the grammar hypothesis until a target grammar is learnt. Here we address the question of how much evidence is required for\\u000a this

Karen M. Page

2004-01-01

212

The effects on clinician ordering patterns of a computerized decision support system for neuroradiology imaging studies.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of computerized ordering guidelines on clinician ordering patterns for neuroradiology imaging studies of the head. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was performed using a pre-post design. A 9-week control period was followed by an 8-week intervention period. SUBJECTS: All clinicians who placed an order for either an MRI of the brain or a CT of the head on inpatients using a computerized order entry system. METHODS: We designed, implemented, and evaluated a decision support system for the implementation of test ordering guidelines. Changes in ordering patterns were evaluated with a Chi-square analysis. RESULTS: 742 tests were ordered in the pre-intervention period, while 704 studies were ordered after the intervention. A significant change in the distribution of tests ordered resulted from the intervention (p=0.048). Changes trended toward the guideline recommendations for all tests considered. 60% of users receiving a recommendation ordered the suggested study. DISCUSSION: Our intervention successfully influenced clinician ordering patterns. Examination of detailed usage patterns may aid in further quality improvement of both the guidelines and the decision support tool used to implement them. PMID:11825254

Sanders, D. L.; Miller, R. A.

2001-01-01

213

Child Support Enforcement Legislation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains prepared statements and witness testimony from the Congressional hearing on child support enforcement legislation. Statistical data on family composition, divorce and separation trends, living arrangements for children, poverty status, welfare support, and child support are presented. The content of proposed bill H.R. 3545…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

214

Child Support Grant access and receipt among 12-week-old infants in an urban township setting in South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Cash transfers (CTs) are increasingly used as a strategy to alleviate poverty and improve child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. The Child Support Grant (CSG) is the largest CT programme in South Africa, and on the continent, targeting poor children from birth until the age of 18 with a monthly sum of R300 (USD30). Evidence on the CSG shows that early receipt of the grant is associated with improved child health outcomes. Since its implementation, one of the major concerns about the grant has been take-up rates, particularly for younger children. This paper reports results on take-up rates for 12-week-old infants residing in an urban township in South Africa. Methods This is a descriptive study utilising data from a community-based, cluster-randomised trial which evaluated a programme providing pregnancy and post-natal home visits by community health workers to 3,494 mothers in Umlazi township, South Africa. Results At the 12-week visit, half (52%) of the mothers who had enrolled in the study had applied for the CSG on behalf of their children, while 85% of the mothers who had not applied were still planning to apply. Only 38% (1,327) of all children had received the CSG. Conclusions In this study, many mothers had not applied for the CSG in the first few months after delivery, and only a third of children had accessed the grant. Further research is needed to understand what the current barriers are that prevent mothers from applying for this important form of social protection in the early months after delivery. PMID:25160516

Zembe-Mkabile, Wanga; Doherty, Tanya; Sanders, David; Jackson, Debra

2014-01-01

215

Substance-Abusing Child Welfare Parents: Treatment and Child Placement Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated outcomes of referring child welfare clients for substance abuse, examining relationships between gender, prior treatment, court-ordered intervention, significant others' support, and treatment and placement outcomes. Found that significant others' support positively influences all outcomes, while court-ordered intervention was not…

Gregoire, Kathryn A.; Schultz, Delray J.

2001-01-01

216

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...putative father, or child, associated with...IV-D case receiving child support enforcement...support order in effect. The information...security number of any child for whom the order...removing a Family Violence indicator and notices...violence indicator (domestic violence or...

2010-10-01

217

Child Abuse: Definition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to elaborate on the definitions of child abuse in order to improve the understanding of child abuse. The definitions given by the U.S. House Joint Committee on Child Abuse in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, and in research by Holden (1984), are cited. These definitions refer to the nature of abusive acts…

Wilson, Timothy L.-Y.

218

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

219

Behavioral support to parents through a cellular-phone website that provides the degree of urgency for medical attention of a child.  

PubMed

When a child suddenly falls ill, the child's family assesses if medical attention is required immediately. However, even in case of minor illnesses, it is not possible to approach a medical institution after consultation hours, and the burden on doctors from overtime-emergency medical examinations becomes a social problem. This study proposes the use of a cellular-phone website that provides information about the degree of urgency for medical attention to parents, who can choose the child's symptoms on the cellular-phone website regardless of the time or place. Therefore, through this study, parents experimentally evaluated the cellular-phone website; also, the effectiveness of this method as a behavioral support for parents was also evaluated. When an advice about the degree of urgency for a child's treatment was taken from the cellular-phone website, the parents felt relieved. Thus, the distress faced by pediatricians may change completely. PMID:23920889

Iwasawa, Mariko; Miyahara, Jyutaro; Noriaki, Terasawa; Nozue, Hiroki; Sumazaki, Ryo

2013-01-01

220

Internet parent support groups for primary caregivers of a child with special health care needs.  

PubMed

Little is known about the efficacy of Internet Parent Support Groups (IPSGs). This exploratory study describes factors related to use of Internet Parent Support Groups (IPSGs) by primary caregivers of Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN). An Internet survey was administered to 114 participants using stress and coping theory as a guide for measuring perceived satisfaction, stressors, social support, personal characteristics, appraisal, positive and negative emotion, coping, timing, somatic health, physical functioning, family relationships, and well-being. The majority of participants not only obtained what they sought, but found more than expected in terms of insight and people to trust. The strongest outcome factor related to satisfaction was improved caregiver-CSHCN relationship, and nearly 90% of the sample suggested participating in an IPSG as soon as possible. Nurses may want to consider IPSGs as an adjunct for social support in this population. PMID:15587531

Baum, Lynda S

2004-01-01

221

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

... Law Enforcement Training Victim & Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 ... in graphic bestiality, sadistic or masochistic abuse or sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital ...

222

Support Guidelines.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

223

Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent molecular studies have cited the general incompleteness of the fossil record to support claims that most extant avian orders diverged in the mid-Cretaceous, some 40 m.y. before their first fossil appearances in the early Cenozoic. To evaluate these assertions, I used gap analysis to estimate confidence intervals for the beginnings of the observed stratigraphic ranges for the related extant

Robert Bleiweiss

1998-01-01

224

Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane  

E-print Network

Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane forecast: · Recognition in the title of all released hurricane forecast up- dates, reports and news media contacts of media hits such as: Tropics extremely quiet in Atlantic; record drought in major U.S. hurricane

225

Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs. To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must

GILAD J. KUPERMAN; ANNE BOBB; T HOMAS H. PAYNE; ANTHONY J. AVERY; TEJAL K. GANDHI; GERARD BURNS; DAVID C. CLASSEN; DAVID W. BATES

2007-01-01

226

Latino families with a child with prader-willi syndrome: exploring needs for support.  

PubMed

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex, genetically based disorder; caring for a family member with a disability such as PWS brings significant challenges to the whole family. However, no research has been conducted focusing on the impact of PWS in the dynamics of Latino families. This qualitative study explored the challenges and need for support services among Latino families of children with PWS. Findings of the study suggest the need for support services geared toward the whole family unit to help members cope with daily challenges at home. PMID:24811683

Chaij, Carina; Han, Meekyung; Graziano, Lisa

2014-01-01

227

75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...could be assigned the role that allows her to provide...identify financial holdings of a noncustodial parent. Another authorized user might have access to the role that allows registration...orders. The establishment of the proposed new...

2010-07-21

228

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

229

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

230

Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

2010-01-01

231

Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

Wood, James

2011-01-01

232

The Impact of Child, Family, and Professional Support Characteristics on the Quality of Life in Families of Young Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families of young children with disabilities are faced with ongoing challenges that impact various aspects of family life. Given the increasing emphasis on promoting positive outcomes in these families, the overall aim of the current study was to examine the contribution of child, family, and support characteristics to the quality of…

Davis, Kate; Gavidia-Payne, Susana

2009-01-01

233

Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

Antonio, Chad

2009-01-01

234

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

2008-01-01

235

Application of higher order spectral features and support vector machines for bearing faults classification.  

PubMed

Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of rolling element bearings timely and accurately are very important to ensure the reliability of rotating machinery. This paper presents a novel pattern classification approach for bearings diagnostics, which combines the higher order spectra analysis features and support vector machine classifier. The use of non-linear features motivated by the higher order spectra has been reported to be a promising approach to analyze the non-linear and non-Gaussian characteristics of the mechanical vibration signals. The vibration bi-spectrum (third order spectrum) patterns are extracted as the feature vectors presenting different bearing faults. The extracted bi-spectrum features are subjected to principal component analysis for dimensionality reduction. These principal components were fed to support vector machine to distinguish four kinds of bearing faults covering different levels of severity for each fault type, which were measured in the experimental test bench running under different working conditions. In order to find the optimal parameters for the multi-class support vector machine model, a grid-search method in combination with 10-fold cross-validation has been used. Based on the correct classification of bearing patterns in the test set, in each fold the performance measures are computed. The average of these performance measures is computed to report the overall performance of the support vector machine classifier. In addition, in fault detection problems, the performance of a detection algorithm usually depends on the trade-off between robustness and sensitivity. The sensitivity and robustness of the proposed method are explored by running a series of experiments. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve made the results more convincing. The results indicated that the proposed method can reliably identify different fault patterns of rolling element bearings based on vibration signals. PMID:25282095

Saidi, Lotfi; Ben Ali, Jaouher; Fnaiech, Farhat

2015-01-01

236

76 FR 14110 - Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109 of the Sarbanes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2011] Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109...purposes of the securities laws, any accounting principles established by a standard...body shall be payable from an annual accounting support fee assessed and collected...

2011-03-15

237

A meta-analytic review of relationship-based interventions for low-income families with infants and toddlers: facilitating supportive parent-child interactions.  

PubMed

Relationship-based intervention programs are increasingly being implemented as a way to enhance parent-child interaction quality. In this meta-analytic review, we examined the effectiveness of 19 recent relationship-based interventions serving socioeconomically disadvantaged families with infants and toddlers (N = 6,807). This review specifically focused on intervention effectiveness in terms of improving supportive parenting behaviors, as measured by observational assessments of dyadic parent-child interactions. Meta-analytic results indicated significant, yet modest, effectiveness across all interventions (d = .23). Intervention characteristics such as participant randomization, breadth of intervention services offered, duration, child age at the start of the intervention, professional qualifications of the intervenor, and type of play task used during assessment were tested as possible moderators of effectiveness. Significant differences in effectiveness were found between randomized and nonrandomized interventions. Within the subsample of randomized interventions, programs that were shorter in duration, that provided direct services to the parent-child dyad, used intervenors with professional qualifications, and assessed parent-child interactions with free-play tasks were the most effective, highlighting important considerations for designing effective intervention protocol tailored to the needs of this high-risk population. PMID:25798486

Mortensen, Jennifer A; Mastergeorge, Ann M

2014-07-01

238

The Child Care Challenge: Creating Solutions through Employer-Supported Programs and Public-Private Initiatives. Network Briefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes elements needed to enhance public and private sector involvement in child care. An introductory section defines the problem and outlines the elements of a comprehensive child care policy. Section II presents a policy matrix that serves as a guide to typical problems and solutions in the process of instituting…

Talbert, Donna; And Others

239

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

240

Linking high parity and maternal and child mortality: what is the impact of lower health services coverage among higher order births?  

PubMed Central

Background A number of data sets show that high parity births are associated with higher child mortality than low parity births. The reasons for this relationship are not clear. In this paper we investigate whether high parity is associated with lower coverage of key health interventions that might lead to increased mortality. Methods We used DHS data from 10 high fertility countries to examine the relationship between parity and coverage for 8 child health intervention and 9 maternal health interventions. We also used the LiST model to estimate the effect on maternal and child mortality of the lower coverage associated with high parity births. Results Our results show a significant relationship between coverage of maternal and child health services and birth order, even when controlling for poverty. The association between coverage and parity for maternal health interventions was more consistently significant across countries all countries, while for child health interventions there were fewer overall significant relationships and more variation both between and within countries. The differences in coverage between children of parity 3 and those of parity 6 are large enough to account for a 12% difference in the under-five mortality rate and a 22% difference in maternal mortality ratio in the countries studied. Conclusions This study shows that coverage of key health interventions is lower for high parity children and the pattern is consistent across countries. This could be a partial explanation for the higher mortality rates associated with high parity. Actions to address this gap could help reduce the higher mortality experienced by high parity birth. PMID:24564721

2013-01-01

241

Genome-wide gene order distances support clustering the gram-positive bacteria  

PubMed Central

Initially using 143 genomes, we developed a method for calculating the pair-wise distance between prokaryotic genomes using a Monte Carlo method to estimate the conservation of gene order. The method was based on repeatedly selecting five or six non-adjacent random orthologs from each of two genomes and determining if the chosen orthologs were in the same order. The raw distances were then corrected for gene order convergence using an adaptation of the Jukes-Cantor model, as well as using the common distance correction D? = ?ln(1-D). First, we compared the distances found via the order of six orthologs to distances found based on ortholog gene content and small subunit rRNA sequences. The Jukes-Cantor gene order distances are reasonably well correlated with the divergence of rRNA (R2 = 0.24), especially at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.2 (R2 = 0.52). Gene content is only weakly correlated with rRNA divergence (R2 = 0.04) over all distances, however, it is especially strongly correlated at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.1 (R2 = 0.67). This initial work suggests that gene order may be useful in conjunction with other methods to help understand the relatedness of genomes. Using the gene order distances in 143 genomes, the relations of prokaryotes were studied using neighbor joining and agreement subtrees. We then repeated our study of the relations of prokaryotes using gene order in 172 complete genomes better representing a wider-diversity of prokaryotes. Consistently, our trees show the Actinobacteria as a sister group to the bulk of the Firmicutes. In fact, the robustness of gene order support was found to be considerably greater for uniting these two phyla than for uniting any of the proteobacterial classes together. The results are supportive of the idea that Actinobacteria and Firmicutes are closely related, which in turn implies a single origin for the gram-positive cell. PMID:25653643

House, Christopher H.; Pellegrini, Matteo; Fitz-Gibbon, Sorel T.

2015-01-01

242

Enhancing ordering dynamics in solvent-annealed block-copolymer films by lithographic hard masks supports  

E-print Network

We studied solvent-driven ordering dynamics of block copolymer films supported by a densely cross-linked polymer network designed as organic hard mask (HM) for lithographic fabrications. The ordering of microphase separated domains at low degrees of swelling corresponding to intermediate/strong segregation regimes was found to proceed significantly faster in films on a HM layer as compared to similar block copolymer films on silicon wafers. The ten-fold enhancement of the chain mobility was evident in the dynamics of morphological phase transitions and of related process of terrace-formation on a macroscale, as well as in the degree of long-range lateral order of nanostructures. The effect is independent of the chemical structure and on the volume composition (cylinder-/ lamella-forming) of the block copolymers. In-situ ellipsometric measurements of the swelling behavior revealed a cumulative increase in 1-3 vol. % in solvent up-take by HM-block copolymer bilayer films, so that we suggest other than dilution effect reasons for the observed significant enhancement of the chain mobility in concentrated block copolymer solutions. Another beneficial effect of the HM-support is the suppression of the film dewetting which holds true even for low molecular weight homopolymer polystyrene films at high degrees of swelling. Apart from immediate technological impact in block copolymer-assisted nanolithography, our findings convey novel insight into effects of molecular architecture on polymer-solvent interactions.

Anja Stenbock-Fermor; Armin W. Knoll; Alexander Böker; Larisa Tsarkova

2014-05-13

243

Child Teacher Relationship Training (CTRT) with Children Exhibiting Disruptive Behavior: Effects on Teachers' Ability to Provide Emotional and Relational Support to Students and on Student-Teachers Relationship Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of child teacher relationship training (CTRT) on teachers' ability to provide emotional support in the classroom, teachers' use of relationship-building skills, and teachers' level of stress related to the student-child relationship. Teachers and aides from one Head Start school were randomly…

Pronchenko-Jain, Yulia

2012-01-01

244

Welfare: Reform or Replacement? (Child Support Enforcement---II). Hearing before the Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy of the Committee on Finance. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This transcript is from the third in a series of hearings before the Senate Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy focusing on whether the present welfare system should be reformed or replaced. A series of public officials, child and family advocates, and other interested parties testified on the issue of enforcement of child support

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Finance.

245

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-05-08

246

5 CFR 1655.19 - Effect of court order on loan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Effect of court order on loan...PROGRAM § 1655.19 Effect of court order on loan...obligation to provide child support or to make alimony...payments, or a qualifying child abuse order, the...

2010-01-01

247

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

248

Order, Order!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity helps students develop a sense of the relative size of quantities in time, length and mass. Learners rank their estimates of given measures in order from least to greatest and justify their decisions. The Teachers' Notes page includes suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, printable cards (pdf), and a link to a related problem, "In Order" (cataloged separately). The solutions page shows that students used standard units of measure to make their comparisons.

249

Finding Help Paying for Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... or faith-based organizations sometimes provide child care scholarships. $ Employer/College Support Your employer may provide child care scholarships, discounts to certain programs or on-site child ...

250

The Center for Child Welfare presents Uncovering the Secret  

E-print Network

of child development, concerning characteristics of child development and family dynamics dealing with allegations of sexual abuse. Topics will include child development as related to sexual abuse to support the disposition and subsequent case actions. Learning Objectives Review child development

Huang, Haiying

251

Effect of Peer Counselling by Mother Support Groups on Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: The Lalitpur Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective Our primary objective was to evaluate the effect of peer counselling by mother support groups (MSG's) in improving the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the community. Methods We conducted this repeated-measure before and after study in the Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India between 2006 and 2011. We assessed the IYCF practices before and after creating MSG's within the community. The feeding practices were reassessed at two time points–2 (T1) and 5 years (T2) after the intervention and compared with that of the pre-intervention phase (T0). Results The total population covered by the project from the time of its initiation was 105000. A total of 425 (T0), 480 (T1) and 521 (T2) mother infant pairs were selected from this population. There was significant improvement in the following IYCF practices in the community (represented as %; adjOR (95% CI, p) such as initiation of breast feeding within 1 hour at both T1 (71% vs. 11%); 19.6 (13.6, 28.2, p?=?<0.0001)and T2 (62% vs. 11%); 13.3 (9.4, 18.9, p?=?<0.0001); use of prelacteal feeds at both T1 (67% vs. 15%); 12.6 (CI: 9.0, 17.6, p<0.0001) and T2 (67% vs. 5%); 44.4 (28.8, 68.4, p?=?<0.0001); rates of exclusive breast feeding for 6 months at both T1 (50% vs. 7%); 13.6 (7.6, 25.0, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (60% vs. 7%); 20.5 (11.3, 37.2, p?=?<0.0001); initiation of complementary feeding at T1 (85% vs. 54%); 5.6 (3.6, 8.7, p?=?<0.0001) and T2 (96% vs. 54%); 22.9 (11.8, 44.1, p?=?<0.0001) and complementary feeding along with continued breast feeding at both T1 (36% vs. 4.5%); 6 (1.15, 31.4, p?=?0.033) and T2 (42% vs. 4.5%); 8.06 (1.96, 49.1, p?=?0.005) as compared to pre-intervention period (T0) after adjusting for important social and demographic variables. Conclusions Peer counseling by MSG's improved the IYCF practices in the district and could be sustained. PMID:25369452

Kushwaha, Komal P.; Sankar, Jhuma; Sankar, M. Jeeva; Gupta, Arun; Dadhich, J. P.; Gupta, Y. P.; Bhatt, Girish C.; Ansari, Dilshad A.; Sharma, B.

2014-01-01

252

Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare  

PubMed Central

Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

Glisson, Charles

2013-01-01

253

Photo-uncaging of Ceramides Promotes Reorganization of Liquid-Ordered Domains in Supported Lipid Bilayers  

PubMed Central

6-Bromo-7-hydroxycoumarin (Bhc)-caged ceramide (Cer) analogs were incorporated into supported lipid bilayers containing a mixture of coexisting liquid-ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) phases. The release of N-palmitoyl and N-butanoyl-D-erythro-sphingosine (C16- and C4-Cer) by photolysis of the caged Cers using long wavelength UV light was studied using a combination of atomic force microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. This approach demonstrated the ability to generate Cer with spatial and temporal control, providing an alternative method to the enzymatic generation of Cer. The generation of C16-Cer from Bhc-C16-Cer disrupted the Lo domains, with the incorporation of small fluid phase regions and the disappearance of some smaller domains. Cer-rich gel-phase domains were not observed, in contrast to results reported by either direct Cer incorporation or enzymatic Cer generation. Photorelease of C4-Cer from Bhc-C4-Cer resulted in qualitatively similar changes in bilayer morphology, with disappearance of some Lo domains and no evidence for Cer-rich gel domains, but with a smaller height difference between the ordered and disordered phases. PMID:23402522

Carter Ramirez, Daniel M.; Pitre, Spencer P.; Kim, Young Ah; Bittman, Robert; Johnston, Linda J.

2013-01-01

254

Clinical decision support for atypical orders: detection and warning of atypical medication orders submitted to a computerized provider order entry system.  

PubMed

The specificity of medication-related alerts must be improved to overcome the pernicious effects of alert fatigue. A systematic comparison of new drug orders to historical orders could improve alert specificity and relevance. Using historical order data from a computerized provider order entry system, we alerted physicians to atypical orders during the prescribing of five medications: calcium, clopidogrel, heparin, magnesium, and potassium. The percentage of atypical orders placed for these five medications decreased during the 92 days the alerts were active when compared to the same period in the previous year (from 0.81% to 0.53%; p=0.015). Some atypical orders were appropriate. Fifty of the 68 atypical order alerts were over-ridden (74%). However, the over-ride rate is misleading because 28 of the atypical medication orders (41%) were changed. Atypical order alerts were relatively few, identified problems with frequencies as well as doses, and had a higher specificity than dose check alerts. PMID:24253195

Woods, Allie D; Mulherin, David P; Flynn, Allen J; Stevenson, James G; Zimmerman, Christopher R; Chaffee, Bruce W

2014-01-01

255

"Anchors Away!" Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive…

Muscott, Howard Steven; Pomerleau, Tina; Dupuis, Sherry

2009-01-01

256

Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

2008-01-01

257

Social Support Perspectives on Programs for Parents: Lessons from the Child Survival/Fair Start Home Visiting Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses home visiting programs for low income parents and infants and describes five such programs known collectively as the Child Survival/Fair Start (CS/FS) projects, funded by the Ford Foundation. It describes a conceptual model which links risk factors and intervention activities to effects on mothers and children and explains how…

Larner, Mary

258

Presenting Results of a Search Engine for Recorded Lectures in order to Support Relevance Decisions by the User  

E-print Network

Presenting Results of a Search Engine for Recorded Lectures in order to Support Relevance Decisions for search engine interface design is to present the results in a way that supports the users in selecting engine for recorded lectures. An evaluation with different user interfaces for such a search engine

Hürst, Wolfgang

259

In Search of Parity: Child Custody\\/Visitation and Child Support for Lesbian Couples Under “Companion” Cases Debra H. and In Re H.M  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is engaged in a national debate over whether to grant same-sex couples the rights and privileges of marriage. Supporters of marriage equality flood the media with images of jubilant same-sex couples simply wanting the chance to say their “I dos” and have the state formally recognize their shared love and commitment. The unfortunate reality is, however, that

Jason C. Beekman

2011-01-01

260

Integrating Evidence-Based Engagement Interventions Into “Real World” Child Mental Health Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on an attempt to integrate evidence-based engagement interventions into ''real world'' outpatient child mental health settings in order to increase access to care for urban youth and their families. More specifically, empirical support for introducing engagement interventions into child clinical settings will be reviewed. Then, specific engagement interventions that are delivered during the initial telephone contact with

Mary M. McKay; Richard Hibbert; Kimberly Hoagwood; James Rodriguez; Laura Murray; Joanna Legerski; David Fernandez

2004-01-01

261

Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and…

McBride, Brent A.; Groves, Melissa; Barbour, Nancy; Horm, Diane; Stremmel, Andrew; Lash, Martha; Bersani, Carol; Ratekin, Cynthia; Moran, James; Elicker, James; Toussaint, Susan

2012-01-01

262

The Development of Three Scales to Measure the Supportiveness of Relationships between Parents and Child Care Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Caregiver Support Appraisal Scale-V (CSA-V), the Caregiver Support Appraisal Scale-P (CSA-P), and the Caregiver Supportive Behavior Scale (CSB) are 9, 15, and 45 item scales, respectively, which were modeled after existing social support measures and were designed specifically to measure aspects of the supportive nature of parent-caregiver relationships, including parents' feelings of being supported and parents' identification of caregivers

Grace-Ann L. Caruso

1992-01-01

263

Appropriateness and imaging utilization: "computerized provider order entry and decision support".  

PubMed

Modern imaging methods have been transformative in improving medical care. Cross-sectional imaging has largely eliminated the need for invasive "exploratory" surgery and is widely used to triage acutely ill patients. However, how to best use medical imaging with ongoing concerns related to overall costs and radiation risks remains controversial. Imaging saves lives, but overuse of imaging can add unnecessary costs to the health system and add to the radiation burden of the population. In this article, the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria (ACRAC) are reviewed, while the Massachusetts General Hospital experience with a computerized physician (provider) order entry system and other approaches to utilization management are discussed. There are strong evidence-based indicators of appropriateness for a substantial percentage of common imaging applications and where this is the case, decision support systems based on ACRAC or other criteria can and should be used. Standardize health care delivery and elimination of wasteful practice variation can be achieved without the art of medicine being ignored or devalued. PMID:25107862

Thrall, James H

2014-09-01

264

Educational Outcomes of Children on Guardianship or Custody Orders: A Pilot Study, Stage 2. Child Welfare Series. Number 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a snapshot of the academic performance of children on guardianship/custody orders from 2003 to 2006, and changes in their performance over this period. This concludes a two-stage pilot study, the first of its kind in Australia. A considerable proportion of children on guardianship/custody orders are not meeting the national…

Hunter, Nicole; Topfer, Alex

2011-01-01

265

BEHAVIOR GUIDANCE FORM In order to guarantee a safe, positive and enjoyable environment for your child as well as the other children  

E-print Network

during camp hours CONSEQUENCES -- Should a child choose to break a rule: 1. Verbal Warning 2. Five minute/herself or the group as a whole. CAMP RULES 1. Follow directions 2. Keep hands and feet to yourself 3. Stay with your day. However, the second time a child reaches consequence #4 NO letter is written. Instead: 5. Child

Hartman, Chris

266

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose $10.00 money order ONLY, payable to  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose to determine whether you are listed as the perpetrator in an indicated or founded report of child abuse the administrator the original document. Administrators are required to keep a copy of this child abuse history

Hardy, Christopher R.

267

Every Child, Every Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We know more now than we ever did before about how to make every child a successful reader, write Allington and Gabriel in this research review. Yet, few students regularly receive the best reading instruction we know how to give. The authors present research supporting their recommendation that every child, every day, should (1) read something he…

Allington, Richard L.; Gabriel, Rachael E.

2012-01-01

268

A decision support system for order selection in electronic commerce based on fuzzy neural network supported by real-coded genetic algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research attempts to develop a decision support system for order selection. The proposed system is able to integrate both the quantitative and qualitative factors together. For the qualitative factors, the fuzzy IF–THEN rules are summarized from the questionnaire survey for the production experts and learned by a proposed fuzzy neural network (FNN) with initial weights generated by real-coded genetic

Ren Jie Kuo; J. A. Chen

2004-01-01

269

Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways through Caregiving and the Home Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a…

McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

2007-01-01

270

Support and reluctance in the pre-substantive phase of alleged child abuse victim investigative interviews: revised versus standard NICHD protocols.  

PubMed

Children's unwillingness to report abuse places them at risk for re-victimization, and interviewers who do not respond sensitively to that unwillingness may increase the likelihood that victims will not disclose abuse. Interviewer support and children's reluctance were examined on a turn-by-turn basis using sequential analyses in 199 forensic interviews of 3- to 13-year-olds who alleged maltreatment. Half of the children were interviewed using the Revised Protocol that emphasized rapport-building (RP), the others using the Standard National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Protocol (SP). When using the RP, interviewers provided proportionally more support than when using the SP, but even when using the RP they did not specifically provide support when children expressed reluctance. The RP promoted immediate cooperation when reluctant utterances were met with support, however, suggesting that supportive statements were valuable. The findings enhance our understanding of children's willingness to participate in investigative interviews and the means through which interviewers can foster the comfort and well-being of young witnesses. PMID:25418845

Ahern, Elizabeth C; Hershkowitz, Irit; Lamb, Michael E; Blasbalg, Uri; Winstanley, Alice

2014-01-01

271

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

272

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

273

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z ... Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

274

Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives  

PubMed Central

Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. PMID:24829900

Söderberg, Siv; Skär, Lisa

2014-01-01

275

Dear NIST CCC Supporters, Parents and Alumni, Congress appropriated $7.2M in 2009 to build a new child  

E-print Network

Dear NIST CCC Supporters, Parents and Alumni, Congress appropriated $7.2M in 2009 to build a new donor wall to honor significant contributors. Thanks for your support in this exciting time for the NIST CCC! Sincerely, NIST CCC & NIST CCC BOD Gift Level Value Recognition Bronze $1 - $99 Thank you letter

Magee, Joseph W.

276

The Relations of Maternal Social Support and Family Structure With Maternal Responsiveness and Child Outcomes Among African American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social support networks and family structure of 62 low-income African American mothers were related to proximal and distal measures of the mother's parenting style and to the children's social and cognitive development. Women with larger support networks tended to be more responsive in interactions with their infants and to provide more stimulating home environments than mothers with smaller social

Margaret R. Burchinal; Andrea Follmer; Donna M. Bryant

1996-01-01

277

Early Childhood Educators' Use of Language-Support Practices with 4-Year-Old Children in Child Care Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22…

Bouchard, Caroline; Bigras, Nathalie; Cantin, Gilles; Coutu, Sylvain; Blain-Briere, Benedicte; Eryasa, Joell; Charron, Annie; Brunson, Liesette

2010-01-01

278

Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

Office of Child Care, 2011

2011-01-01

279

3 CFR 13605 - Executive Order 13605 of April 13, 2012. Supporting Safe and Responsible Development of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and associated infrastructure and to help reduce our dependence on oil, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1...system, greater use of natural gas can also reduce our dependence on oil. And with appropriate safeguards, natural gas...

2013-01-01

280

A decision support system framework to process customer order enquiries in SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research carried out here describes order processing especially with constraints of due date at the customer enquiry stage\\u000a in a highly competitive global market. It highlights problems faced by small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in a make-to-order\\u000a environment with particular reference to quality and speed of delivery at this critical stage. While commercial software such\\u000a as manufacturing resource planning and

Chike F. Oduoza; M. H. Xiong

2009-01-01

281

Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

2001-12-01

282

Early Childhood Educators’ Use of Language-Support Practices with 4YearOld Children in Child Care Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for\\u000a children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language\\u000a acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22 educators in ECE centers with\\u000a 174 children (87 girls and

Caroline Bouchard; Nathalie Bigras; Gilles Cantin; Sylvain Coutu; Bénédicte Blain-Brière; Joell Eryasa; Annie Charron; Liesette Brunson

2010-01-01

283

Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

284

DOCUMENTATION TO SUPPORT FLU VACCINATION RECEIVED OUTSIDE OF THE STATE HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM IN ORDER TO  

E-print Network

DOCUMENTATION TO SUPPORT FLU VACCINATION RECEIVED OUTSIDE OF THE STATE HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM: Please indicate which option you wish to use to report your flu vaccination and provide the requested provider administering your flu vaccine. Date flu vaccine was administered to the above-named health plan

Lien, Jyh-Ming

285

Computer Supported Collaborative Learning and Higher Order Thinking Skills: A Case Study of Textile Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scarcity of readily usable instruments to resea rch learning in Computer Supported Collabora- tive Learning (CSCL) environments has posed a great challenge to devise appropriate analytical tools to investigate how individuals change their u nderstanding or create a new personal con- struction of knowledge as a result of social intera ction and negotiation within the group. Given this scenario,

Ada W. W. MA

286

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT CLEARLY IN INK. ENCLOSE $10.00 MONEY ORDER  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT OF CLEARANCE (Check ONE block ONLY) CHILD CARE VOLUNTEERS-A copy of your PROCESSED 'Request CWEP (Community if necessary) 1. 2. 3. 4. NAME (First, Middle, Last) Do not use initials. RELATIONSHIP PRESENT AGE SEX 1. 2. 3

Bushman, Frederic

287

Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN  

E-print Network

in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, early childhood/child development: Advanced-standing doctoral students in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, teen parents, etc.) in child abuse prevention programs. Detail Information: http://www.cssp.org/publications/child-welfare

Farritor, Shane

288

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

289

Implementing outpatient order entry to support medical necessity using the patient's electronic past medical history.  

PubMed Central

Physician order entry is difficult to implement, both in inpatient and outpatient settings. Such systems must integrate conveniently into clinical workflows, and provide sufficient benefit to offset the burden of system use. For outpatient order entry, significant advantages can accrue when systems incorporate medical necessity guidelines - improved billing and adherence to governmental policies. The authors developed and implemented an outpatient order entry system that utilizes an electronically accessible history of patient, provider, and clinic-related diagnoses in assisting providers (when possible and appropriate) to select compliant justifications for tests and procedures. The pilot implementation site, active for more than six months, has been the Vanderbilt University Page Campbell Cardiology Clinic, with 34 providers. PMID:12463825

FitzHenry, Fern; Kiepek, Wendy T.; Shultz, Edward K.; Byrd, Jeff; Doran, Johniene; Miller, Randolph A.

2002-01-01

290

Child Abuse and Neglect in India.  

PubMed

India is home to the largest child population in the world, with almost 41 % of the total population under 18 y of age. The health and security of the country's children is integral to any vision for its progress and development. Doctors and health care professionals are often the first point of contact for abused and neglected children. They play a key role in detecting child abuse and neglect, provide immediate and longer term care and support to children. Despite being important stakeholders, often physicians have a limited understanding on how to protect these vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for systematic training for physicians to prevent, detect and respond to cases of child abuse and neglect in the clinical setting. The purpose of the present article is to provide an overview of child abuse and neglect from a medical assessment to a socio-legal perspective in India, in order to ensure a prompt and comprehensive multidisciplinary response to victims of child abuse and neglect. During their busy clinical practice, medical professionals can also use the telephone help line (CHILDLINE telephone 1098) to refer cases of child abuse, thus connecting them to socio-legal services. The physicians should be aware of the new legislation, Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, which requires mandatory reporting of cases of child sexual abuse, failing which they can be penalized. Moreover, doctors and allied medical professionals can help prevent child sexual abuse by delivering the message of personal space and privacy to their young patients and parents. PMID:25465678

Seth, Rajeev

2014-12-01

291

Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

292

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

293

Reconsidering Child Saving: The Extent and Correlates of Public Support for Excluding Youths from the Juvenile Court  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990s saw concerted legislative efforts to increase the mechanisms through which juveniles could be transferred to the adult court. Beginning research exists on how the public feels about transferring youths out of the juvenile justice system, but it is somewhat dated and does little to illuminate the reasons people support transfer. Using a…

Applegate, Brandon K.; Davis, Robin King; Cullen, Francis T.

2009-01-01

294

Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

2011-01-01

295

Transactional Associations Among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of externalizing behavior, sociometric “liked most” and “liked least” nominations, and teacher

Geertje Leflot; Pol A. C. van Lier; Karine Verschueren; Patrick Onghena; Hilde Colpin

2011-01-01

296

Building Communities of Support around a Child with Special Education Needs: The Effects of Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a period of a year, formal and informal interactions among members of the community around a four-year-old girl with special education needs were focused through participatory action research (PAR). The team included parents, kindergarten teachers, an education support worker, speech-language therapist, early intervention teacher and…

Lamb, Judy

2008-01-01

297

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

2011-01-01

298

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

299

Multi-natural disasters in Gonaïves Haiti: long-term outcomes among child and adolescents and social support.  

PubMed

In this article, we posit the hypothesis that the January 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince reawakened a number of traumas linked to the natural disasters that struck Gonaives in 2004 and 2008. The study set out to evaluate the PTSD and social support in the affected areas in Gonaives seven years after the disasters. The study covered a sample of 917 participants, of whom 534 (58.23%) were females, aged between 10 and 23 with an average age of 16.03 (SD = 2.65). A variety of scales were used: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-1); the Traumatic Exposure Severity Scale (TESS); the PTSD Check-List Civilian version (PCL-C); the Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ). The results reveal a higher rate of PTSD among the oldest participants, a similarly higher rate of social support among Catholics than among Protestants, a more severe rate of PTSD among school going children and a positive correlation between social support and PTSD. PMID:25585481

Derivois, Daniel; Cénat, Jude-mary; Mérisier, Georges Gaston

2014-01-01

300

Compliance of general practitioners with a guideline-based decision support system for ordering blood tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Guidelines are viewed as a mechanism for disseminating a\\u000a rapidly increasing body of knowledge. We determined the compliance of\\u000a Dutch general practitioners with the recommendations for blood test\\u000a ordering as defined in the guidelines of the Dutch College of General\\u000a Practitioners. METHODS: We performed an audit of guideline compliance over\\u000a a 12-month period (March 1996 through February 1997). In

Lei van der J; M. Mosseveld; A. M. Bohnen; Bemmel van J. H; Wijk van M. A. M

2002-01-01

301

Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Child maltreatment (CM) is common worldwide, and can take many forms. It may even endanger the child’s life, especially when younger children are the victims. CM affects the child’s quality of life and consequently leads to long term issues to be dealt with by the child, family and community. This case series discusses six children who have been subjected to CM, and diagnosed by the child protection team of the departments of Child Health and Behavioural Medicine at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman. The aim of this case series is to increase the level of awareness of CM among Oman’s medical professionals and to highlight the difficulties encountered in diagnosing and providing optimal care for these children. Although treatment is provided in Oman’s health care system, it is clear that there are gaps in the existing system which affect the quality of child protection services provided to the children and their families. PMID:22375265

Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Nour, Ibtisam El; Al-Said, Basma

2012-01-01

302

School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2009-01-01

303

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2010-04-01

304

Hybrid coupling mechanism in a system supporting high order diffraction, plasmonic, and cavity resonances.  

PubMed

The interactions between plasmonic and photonic modes of a cavity-coupled plasmonic crystal are studied in diffraction and diffractionless regimes, which lead us to the understanding of coherent interactions between electron plasma, higher order cavity, and diffraction modes. The strong interaction between plasmonic and photonic modes is shown to enhance as well as suppress surface plasmon resonance based on cavity phase relation. Numerical and analytical approaches are developed to accurately explain the physics of the interactions evident in their characteristic dispersion graphs. Further experimental measurements confirm the theoretical predictions. PMID:25615336

Vázquez-Guardado, Abraham; Safaei, Alireza; Modak, Sushrut; Franklin, Daniel; Chanda, Debashis

2014-12-31

305

Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. Results The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula, Sipunculus nudus, is presented. All 37 genes characteristic for metazoan mtDNA were detected and are encoded on the same strand. The mitochondrial gene order (protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes) resembles that of annelids, but shows several derivations so far found only in Sipuncula. Sequence based phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein-coding genes results in significant bootstrap support for Annelida sensu lato, combining Annelida together with Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Conclusion The mitochondrial sequence data support a close relationship of Annelida and Sipuncula. Also the most parsimonious explanation of changes in gene order favours a derivation from the annelid gene order. These results complement findings from recent phylogenetic analyses of nuclear encoded genes as well as a report of a segmental neural patterning in Sipuncula. PMID:19149868

Mwinyi, Adina; Meyer, Achim; Bleidorn, Christoph; Lieb, Bernhard; Bartolomaeus, Thomas; Podsiadlowski, Lars

2009-01-01

306

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

307

Technical support for digital systems technology development. Task order 1: ISP contention analysis and control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Alternatives for realizing a packet-based network switch for use on a frequency division multiple access/time division multiplexed (FDMA/TDM) geostationary communication satellite were investigated. Each of the eight downlink beams supports eight directed dwells. The design needed to accommodate multicast packets with very low probability of loss due to contention. Three switch architectures were designed and analyzed. An output-queued, shared bus system yielded a functionally simple system, utilizing a first-in, first-out (FIFO) memory per downlink dwell, but at the expense of a large total memory requirement. A shared memory architecture offered the most efficiency in memory requirements, requiring about half the memory of the shared bus design. The processing requirement for the shared-memory system adds system complexity that may offset the benefits of the smaller memory. An alternative design using a shared memory buffer per downlink beam decreases circuit complexity through a distributed design, and requires at most 1000 packets of memory more than the completely shared memory design. Modifications to the basic packet switch designs were proposed to accommodate circuit-switched traffic, which must be served on a periodic basis with minimal delay. Methods for dynamically controlling the downlink dwell lengths were developed and analyzed. These methods adapt quickly to changing traffic demands, and do not add significant complexity or cost to the satellite and ground station designs. Methods for reducing the memory requirement by not requiring the satellite to store full packets were also proposed and analyzed. In addition, optimal packet and dwell lengths were computed as functions of memory size for the three switch architectures.

Stehle, Roy H.; Ogier, Richard G.

1993-01-01

308

Child maltreatment in India.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

2013-11-01

309

Customized First and Second Order Statistics Based Operators to Support Advanced Texture Analysis of MRI Images  

PubMed Central

Texture analysis is the process of highlighting key characteristics thus providing an exhaustive and unambiguous mathematical description of any object represented in a digital image. Each characteristic is connected to a specific property of the object. In some cases the mentioned properties represent aspects visually perceptible which can be detected by developing operators based on Computer Vision techniques. In other cases these properties are not visually perceptible and their computation is obtained by developing operators based on Image Understanding approaches. Pixels composing high quality medical images can be considered the result of a stochastic process since they represent morphological or physiological processes. Empirical observations have shown that these images have visually perceptible and hidden significant aspects. For these reasons, the operators can be developed by means of a statistical approach. In this paper we present a set of customized first and second order statistics based operators to perform advanced texture analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images. In particular, we specify the main rules defining the role of an operator and its relationship with other operators. Extensive experiments carried out on a wide dataset of MRI images of different body regions demonstrating usefulness and accuracy of the proposed approach are also reported. PMID:23840276

Cinque, Luigi

2013-01-01

310

Quality Child Care: An Investment in Families, an Investment in Colorado's Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order for families to support themselves, parents must have access to jobs and the ability to consistently go to work to keep them. Current economic hardships highlight even more clearly this critical connection. One barrier that prevents many working parents from maintaining employment and supporting their families is access to child care. A…

Bianchi, Jon-Paul

2009-01-01

311

Child Welfare Training in Child Psychiatry Residency: A Program Director Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study surveys child psychiatry residency program directors in order to 1) characterize child welfare training experiences for child psychiatry residents; 2) evaluate factors associated with the likelihood of program directors' endorsing the adequacy of their child welfare training; and 3) assess program directors'…

Lee, Terry G.; Cox, Julia R.; Walker, Sarah C.

2013-01-01

312

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

313

Coupling Clinical Decision Support System with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry and their Dynamic Plugging in the Medical Workflow System  

E-print Network

This work deals with coupling Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE) and their dynamic plugging in the medical Workflow Management System (WfMS). First, in this paper we argue some existing CDSS representative of the state of the art in order to emphasize their inability to deal with coupling with CPOE and medical WfMS. The multi-agent technology is at the basis of our proposition since (i) it provides natural abstractions to deal with distribution, heterogeneity and autonomy which are inherent to the previous systems (CDSS, CPOE and medical WfMS), and (ii) it introduces powerful concepts such as organizations, goals and roles useful to describe in details the coordination of the different components involved in these systems. In this paper, we also propose a Multi-Agent System (MAS) to support the coupling CDSS with CPOE. Finally, we show how we integrate the proposed MAS in the medical workflow management system which is also based on collaborating agents

Bouzguenda, Lotfi

2012-01-01

314

"And so They Ordered Me to Kill a Person": Conceptualizing the Impacts of Child Soldiering on the Development of Moral Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 300,000 child soldiers serve in various armed groups around the world, and become directly implicated in the perpetration of kidnappings, killings, and torture. Considering that children construct moral concepts and a sense of themselves as moral beings in the context of their everyday interactions with others, the concern with how…

Wainryb, Cecilia

2011-01-01

315

Family stressors and child obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child obesity is a public health priority with numerous and complex causes. This study focuses on factors within the family, namely stressful experiences, which may be associated with child obesity. We examine data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for children in two age groups: 5–11 and 12–17years old. Results from an ordered probit

Steven Garasky; Susan D. Stewart; Craig Gundersen; Brenda J. Lohman; Joey C. Eisenmann

2009-01-01

316

Telephone and Face-to-Face Interviews with Low-Income Males with Child Care Responsibilities Support Inclusion as a Target Audience in SNAP-Ed.  

PubMed

Federally funded nutrition programs mostly target females. Changes in family dynamics suggest low-income men have an important role in food management responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to inform nutrition education program planning to meet needs of lower-income males. Cross-sectional telephone and face-to-face interviews. Stratified random sample of men (n = 101), 18-59 years of age, with child care responsibilities, living in households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and a convenience sample of adult males (n = 25) recruited from lower income venues. (1) Scripted telephone interviews about health status, eating behaviors, eating competence, food security, technology usage and topics and strategies for nutrition education. (2) In-person cognitive interviews during review of selected online nutrition education lessons. Nutrition education topics of interest, preferred educational strategies, influences on and barriers to intake, eating competence, critiques of online program content, graphics, format. Bivariate correlations, independent t tests, one-way analysis of variance or Chi square, as appropriate. Thematic analyses of cognitive interviews. Of telephone interviewees, 92.1 % prepared meals/snacks for children and 54.5 % made major household food decisions. Taste was the greatest influence on food selection and the greatest barrier to eating healthful foods. Topics of highest interest were "which foods are best for kids" and "how to eat more healthy foods." Preferred nutrition education strategies included online delivery. Online lessons were highly rated. Interactive components were recognized as particularly appealing; enhanced male centricity of lessons was supported. Findings provided compelling evidence for including needs specific to low-income males when planning, designing, and funding nutrition education programs. PMID:25312868

Krall, Jodi Stotts; Wamboldt, Patricia; Lohse, Barbara

2014-10-14

317

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

318

3 CFR 13550 - Executive Order 13550 of August 18, 2010. Establishment of Pakistan and Afghanistan Support Office  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of August 18, 2010. Establishment of Pakistan and Afghanistan Support Office 13550...2010 EO 13550 Establishment of Pakistan and Afghanistan Support Office ...temporary organization to be known as the Pakistan and Afghanistan Support Office...

2011-01-01

319

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... Screen Can Improve Children’s Behavior Collective Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental Health Study Finds Over 4,500 U.S. Children Hospitalized From Child Abuse in One Year, and 300 of Them Died ...

320

The child in hospital*  

PubMed Central

In 1951 the WHO Regional Office for Europe as a part of its long-term activities in child health initiated plans for a meeting between paediatricians and child psychiatrists, at which they could discuss their respective roles and the co-ordination of their work. Early in 1953 an ad hoc committee was called together to discuss the possibility of holding a conference which would delineate the role of the paediatrician in the management of psychosomatic and behaviour disorders in young children. This committee, consisting of leading specialists in paediatrics and child psychiatry, under the chairmanship of Professor R. Debré (France), felt that any wider conference should be devoted to considering more fully the inter-relation of somatic and psychological processes in sick children, the respective roles of paediatricians and child psychiatrists in their treatment, and the working relations between the different disciplines responsible for the care of children. In order to avoid diffusion of effort, and to arrive as far as possible at practical conclusions, the study group that was subsequently convened in Stockholm concentrated on one important aspect of child care—the child in hospital. PMID:14364192

1955-01-01

321

The benefits of motivational interviewing and coaching for improving the practice of comprehensive family assessments in child welfare.  

PubMed

The engagement of families in child welfare services is critical for successful outcomes related to safety, permanency, and child and family well-being. Motivational interviewing (MI), an effective approach to working with individuals struggling with alcohol and drug addiction, has great appeal for use with families involved with the child welfare system. Consequently, many social service agencies are beginning to integrate MI into their training curriculum. However, research has shown that training in MI alone is not enough; ongoing coaching is crucial in order to transfer learned MI skills into practice.The current study employs qualitative interview data from case-workers in order to examine the implementation of MI and long-term coaching within the child welfare system. Findings showed that MI can be implemented successfully within the child welfare system, and that caseworkers believed MI, supported by ongoing coaching, to be a valuable tool in engaging families in the assessment process. PMID:24205549

Snyder, Elizabeth H; Lawrence, C Nicole; Weatherholt, Tara N; Nagy, Paul

2012-01-01

322

Integrating Couple Teamwork Conversations Into Child Welfare Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the importance of and challenges to addressing couple teamwork issues in the child welfare population. Although there is substantial evidence to support the importance of healthy adult relationships for child well-being and the prevention of child maltreatment, there are a number of barriers to addressing these couple relationships in child welfare. These barriers include diverse family configurations

Dana Christensen; Becky Antle; Lisa Johnson

2008-01-01

323

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

324

Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

Office of Child Care, 2010

2010-01-01

325

Predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families.  

PubMed

Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent-child interaction and a secure parent-child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent-child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

2014-01-01

326

Predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families  

PubMed Central

Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent–child interaction and a secure parent–child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent–child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

2014-01-01

327

Prediction of success for polymerase chain reactions using the Markov maximal order model and support vector machine.  

PubMed

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is hailed as one of the monumental scientific techniques of the twentieth century, and has become a common and often indispensable technique in many areas. However, researchers still frequently find some DNA templates very hard to amplify with PCR, although many kinds of endeavors were introduced to optimize the amplification. In fact, during the past decades, the experimental procedure of PCR was always the focus of attention, while the analysis of a DNA template, the PCR experimental subject itself, was almost neglected. Up to now, nobody can certainly identify whether a fragment of DNA can be simply amplified using conventional Taq DNA polymerase-based PCR protocol. Characterizing a DNA template and then developing a reliable and efficient method to predict the success of PCR reactions is thus urgently needed. In this study, by means of the Markov maximal order model, we construct a 48-D feature vector to represent a DNA template. Support vector machine (SVM) is then employed to help evaluate PCR result. To examine the anticipated success rates of our predictor, jackknife cross-validation test is adopted. The overall accuracy of our approach arrives at 93.12%, with the sensitivity, specificity, and MCC of 94.68%, 91.58%, and 0.863%, respectively. PMID:25636491

Li, Chun; Yang, Yan; Fei, Wenchao; He, Ping-An; Yu, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Defu; Yi, Shumin; Li, Xuepeng; Zhu, Jin; Wang, Changzhong; Wang, Zhifu

2015-03-21

328

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2013-10-01

329

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2014-10-01

330

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2010-10-01

331

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2012-10-01

332

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section 303.15 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2011-10-01

333

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

334

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

335

Quantitative Methods Inquires ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF UNDER FIVE CHILD  

E-print Network

the covariates are: sex and birth order of the child, mother's age, education and economic status of the childQuantitative Methods Inquires 1 ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF UNDER FIVE CHILD MORTALITY BETWEEN RURAL Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) Abstract: Knowledge of factors that affect the under-five year child

de Leon, Alex R.

336

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2010-04-01

337

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2010-04-01

338

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2011-04-01

339

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2011-04-01

340

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2012-04-01

341

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2013-04-01

342

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2014-04-01

343

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2012-04-01

344

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2013-04-01

345

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2014-04-01

346

78 FR 47328 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development; Notice of Closed...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development...Committee: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Special Emphasis Panel; Asthma Cohort Support Contract...Review, National Institute of Child Health and Human...

2013-08-05

347

Peer Victimization in Korean Preschool Children: The Effects of Child Characteristics, Parenting Behaviours and Teacher-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the influence of child characteristics, parenting behaviours and teacher-child relationships in order to ascertain peer victimization among 297 Korean preschool children. Peer victimization, child social behaviours and teacher-child relationships were assessed through teacher reports. Parents completed parenting…

Shin, Yoolim; Kim, Hye Yeon

2008-01-01

348

Perceptions of Child Rearing and Self-Concept Development during the Early Adolescent Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to investigate the relationship between aspects of child rearing and adolescent self-concept, 130 adolescents were tested. Results support the contention that optimal self-concept development takes place in an atmosphere of acceptance that allows the adolescent autonomy and the opportunity to learn competencies. (Author/LMO)

Litovsky, Viviana G.; Dusek, Jerome B.

1985-01-01

349

Including Your Child  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

350

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

351

The anatomy of decision support during inpatient care provider order entry (CPOE): Empirical observations from a decade of CPOE experience at Vanderbilt  

PubMed Central

The authors describe a pragmatic approach to the introduction of clinical decision support at the point of care, based on a decade of experience in developing and evolving Vanderbilt’s inpatient “WizOrder” care provider order entry (CPOE) system. The inpatient care setting provides a unique opportunity to interject CPOE-based decision support features that restructure clinical workflows, deliver focused relevant educational materials, and influence how care is delivered to patients. From their empirical observations, the authors have developed a generic model for decision support within inpatient CPOE systems. They believe that the model’s utility extends beyond Vanderbilt, because it is based on characteristics of end-user workflows and on decision support considerations that are common to a variety of inpatient settings and CPOE systems. The specific approach to implementing a given clinical decision support feature within a CPOE system should involve evaluation along three axes: what type of intervention to create (for which the authors describe 4 general categories); when to introduce the intervention into the user’s workflow (for which the authors present 7 categories), and how disruptive, during use of the system, the intervention might be to end-users’ workflows (for which the authors describe 6 categories). Framing decision support in this manner may help both developers and clinical end-users plan future alterations to their systems when needs for new decision support features arise. PMID:16290243

Miller, Randolph A.; Waitman, Lemuel R.; Chen, Sutin; Rosenbloom, S. Trent

2006-01-01

352

Child abuse.  

PubMed

Child abuse is common in most, if not all, Western nations; it probably occurs worldwide. It may be a major factor in the increase in violence throughout much of the world. Radiologists who treat children should think of the possibility of abuse whenever they diagnose a fracture, intracranial bleed, or visceral injury, especially when the history is not compatible with their findings. Metaphyseal "corner" fractures in infants usually are caused by abuse. Less than 20% of abused children, however, present injuries that can be recognized by radiologic techniques. Consequently normal roentgenograms, nuclear medicine scans, ultrasound studies, and computed tomograms do not exclude child abuse. PMID:6182578

Dorst, J P

1982-08-01

353

Observation of orbital ordering and Jahn-Teller distortions supporting the Wigner-crystal model in highly doped Bi1-xCaxMnO3.  

E-print Network

and the associated lattice distortions in highly doped Bi1-xCaxMnO3. Resonant x-ray diffraction was used at the Mn LObservation of orbital ordering and Jahn-Teller distortions supporting the Wigner-crystal model in highly doped Bi1-xCaxMnO3. S. Grenier Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York

Boyer, Edmond

354

Interior proximal algorithm with variable metric for second-order cone programming: applications to structural optimization and support vector machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we propose an inexact interior proximal-type algorithm for solving convex second-order cone programs. This kind of problem consists of minimizing a convex function (possibly nonsmooth) over the intersection of an affine linear space with the Cartesian product of second-order cones. The proposed algorithm uses a variable metric, which is induced by a class of positive-definite matrices and

Felipe Alvarez; Julio López; C. Héctor Ramírez

2010-01-01

355

Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center  

E-print Network

Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

Dyer, Bill

356

Hierarchical Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Behavior Checklist\\/4–18  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the 2-factor 2nd-order structure of T. M. Achenbach's (1991) Child Behavior Checklist in a sample of 577 children who had been identified as having serious emotional disturbance. An alternative 1-factor 2nd-order model also was tested. Results supported T. M. Achenbach's model in which the broadband Internalizing factor was represented by the narrowband

Paul E. Greenbaum; Robert F. Dedrick

1998-01-01

357

POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH AMONG HOLOCAUST CHILD SURVIVORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, personal resources, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Holocaust child survivors. Ninety-seven nonclinical Holocaust child survivors who were born after 1930 were administered self-report questionnaires with regard to PTG, psychological distress, potency, and perceived social support. Results indicated that arousal, a PTSD category, and PTG

RACHEL LEV-WIESEL; MARIANNE AMIR

2003-01-01

358

Riding Bikes: A Pastime for Every Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People have heard the expression "It's as easy as riding a bike." But the idea of a child with special needs balancing, steering, and pedaling a bike can seem out of reach for some; especially when he may be unable to walk unaided or hold his head up without support. Physical capabilities or stamina need not keep a child from this pleasurable…

Mathias, Michelle

2011-01-01

359

Development of a US Child-Focused Motor Vehicle Crash Surveillance System: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Current motor vehicle crash (MVC) surveillance systems, in particular the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS), either do not contain sufficient numbers of children, or do not contain child-specific data needed to support policy and prevention efforts. The objective of this pilot study was to develop and evaluate methods that could be utilized for supplemental child-specific data collection on a sample of cases identified through the NASS-GES program. Procedures were developed to identify a sample of police accident reports (PARs) involving child occupants for supplemental collection of child-specific data via three survey modes: phone, web-based and hard-copy self administered. Contact was initiated with 650 eligible parent drivers and surveys were completed by 156 (24.0%). Response rates were highest for telephone-based surveys (41.0% of those initially contacted by phone). Surveys were completed via the web by only 6.1% of those invited to do so. Overall agreement between survey and PAR data was good to excellent. Results of this pilot study indicate that creating procedures to identify cases for supplemental child-specific data collection based on the NASS-GES system is feasible. In order to sustain a supplemental child-focused data collection system that relies on identification of cases from NASS-GES, efforts must be made to enhance contact procedures in order to optimize response rates. PMID:22105381

Durbin, Dennis R.; Curry, Allison; Myers, Rachel K.

2011-01-01

360

Research Paper: Computerized Clinical Decision Support During Medication Ordering for Long-term Care Residents with Renal Insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine whether a computerized clinical decision support system providing patient-specific recommendations in real-time improves the quality of prescribing for long-term care residents with renal insufficiency.DesignRandomized trial within the long-stay units of a large long-term care facility. Randomization was within blocks by unit type. Alerts related to medication prescribing for residents with renal insufficiency were displayed to prescribers in the

Terry S. Field; Paula Rochon; Monica Lee; Linda Gavendo; Joann L. Baril; Jerry H. Gurwitz

2009-01-01

361

Child Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Trends is a non-profit, non-partisan research center, and is the "nation's only independent research and policy center focused exclusively on improving outcomes for children." Child Trends has twelve areas of research, listed across the top of any page. Some of the topics include "Child Poverty," "Fatherhood & Parenting," "Youth Development," and "Health." In each section, the research focus on that topic is explained in a brief introduction, followed by resources that include research briefs, executive summaries and full reports, fact sheets, and a publications archive of materials over three years old. A feature that visitors shouldn't miss is "What Works/LINKS," which can be accessed via the left side menu. The data in this section is about "programs that work -or don't- to enhance children's development". There are effectiveness charts, "Lifecourse Interventions that Work," and a continually updated database on programs that work (or don't). Visitors who are "Program Providers" in policy, education, or the media will find the "Information for..." heading on the left side of the homepage useful for fulfilling their specific needs.

362

Protecting Children and Supporting Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This serial "double issue" focuses on protecting children and supporting families through greater collaboration between child welfare services and family resource programs. The issue includes the featured articles: (1) "Making the Media a Constructive Force in Child Welfare" (Kathy Bonk), which discusses how the media and child welfare agencies…

Wolf, Kathy Goetz, Ed.

1997-01-01

363

Evaluating a bereavement follow-up intervention for grieving fathers and their experiences of support after the death of a child--a pilot study.  

PubMed

This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for measuring fathers' experiences of the intervention program. Assessment at 6 months after leaving the hospital showed that intervention fathers reported lower grief reaction scores and stronger personal growth. Intervention fathers reported the most emotional support from both health care personnel and peer supporters. The support received was perceived as helpful in coping, and fathers rated the intervention favorably. The findings support the continuation of the intervention. PMID:24501857

Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Päivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

2011-01-01

364

Ordered subset linkage analysis supports a susceptibility locus for age-related macular degeneration on chromosome 16p12  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that is responsible for the majority of central vision loss in older adults living in developed countries. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity complicate the analysis of genome-wide scans for AMD susceptibility loci. The ordered subset analysis (OSA) method is an approach for reducing heterogeneity, increasing statistical power for detecting linkage, and helping

Silke Schmidt; William K Scott; Eric A Postel; Anita Agarwal; Elizabeth R Hauser; John R Gilbert; Michael B Gorin; Jonathan L Haines; Margaret A Pericak-Vance

2004-01-01

365

Child Labor in the 19th Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Labor in the 19th Century, from The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia, documents the lives of British child laborers through photographs, drawings, and biographies of the children, factory workers, owners, and labor reformers. The information is divided into the sections Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Life in the Factory, The Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, The Factory Acts, and Statistics. Most entries link to other relevant sections of the encyclopedia, and include quotes from individuals or primary documents. The most compelling sections of this collection detail the lives of the child laborers themselves, including first-hand accounts from the children.

366

Child and Family WebGuide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Child and Family WebGuide, formerly Child and Family News, is a new information service developed for journalists by experts affiliated with the Department of Child Development at Tufts University. CFN provides the news media with resource material on child and family topics, connecting them with background information, references, associated programs, organizational contacts, subject experts, related coverage, and synopses of potential stories. CFN is an expanding work in progress and currently offers journalists and others information on domestic violence, school violence, education beyond the classroom, and family support.

367

Probing Membrane Order and Topography in Supported Lipid Bilayers by Combined Polarized Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence-Atomic Force Microscopy  

PubMed Central

Determining the local structure, dynamics, and conformational requirements for protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in membranes is critical to understanding biological processes ranging from signaling to the translocating and membranolytic action of antimicrobial peptides. We report here the application of a combined polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy-in situ atomic force microscopy platform. This platform's ability to image membrane orientational order was demonstrated on DOPC/DSPC/cholesterol model membranes containing the fluorescent membrane probe, DiI-C20 or BODIPY-PC. Spatially resolved order parameters and fluorophore tilt angles extracted from the polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy images were in good agreement with the topographical details resolved by in situ atomic force microscopy, portending use of this technique for high-resolution characterization of membrane domain structures and peptide-membrane interactions. PMID:19254557

Oreopoulos, John; Yip, Christopher M.

2009-01-01

368

Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse: Treatment for Child Victims and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 246 child victims of extrafamilial sexual abuse (ages 2-14) investigated effectiveness of family participation in crisis counseling, individual parent/child treatment, children's treatment groups, and parent support groups. A family approach and services for parents in addition to intervention for child victims were key components in…

Grosz, Candace A.; Kempe, Ruth S.; Kelly, Michele

2000-01-01

369

Integrating Couple Teamwork Conversations into Child Welfare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the importance of and challenges to addressing couple teamwork issues in the child welfare population. Although there is substantial evidence to support the importance of healthy adult relationships for child well-being and the prevention of child maltreatment, there are a number of barriers to addressing these couple…

Christensen, Dana; Antle, Becky; Johnson, Lisa

2008-01-01

370

Predicting Residue-Wise Contact Orders in Proteins by Support Vector Regression with Parametric-Insensitive Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major challenge in structural bioinformatics is the prediction of protein structure and function from primary amino acid\\u000a sequences. The residue-wise contact order (RWCO) describes the sequence separations between the residues of interest and its\\u000a contacting residues in a protein sequence. RWCO provides comprehensive and indispensable important information to reconstructing\\u000a the protein three-dimensional structure from a set of one-dimensional structural

Pei-Yi Hao; Lung-Biao Tsai

371

Phylogenomic data support a seventh order of Methylotrophic methanogens and provide insights into the evolution of Methanogenesis.  

PubMed

Increasing evidence from sequence data from various environments, including the human gut, suggests the existence of a previously unknown putative seventh order of methanogens. The first genomic data from members of this lineage, Methanomassiliicoccus luminyensis and "Candidatus Methanomethylophilus alvus," provide insights into its evolutionary history and metabolic features. Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal proteins robustly indicates a monophyletic group independent of any previously known methanogenic order, which shares ancestry with the Marine Benthic Group D, the Marine Group II, the DHVE2 group, and the Thermoplasmatales. This phylogenetic position, along with the analysis of enzymes involved in core methanogenesis, strengthens a single ancient origin of methanogenesis in the Euryarchaeota and indicates further multiple independent losses of this metabolism in nonmethanogenic lineages than previously suggested. Genomic analysis revealed an unprecedented loss of the genes coding for the first six steps of methanogenesis from H?/CO? and the oxidative part of methylotrophic methanogenesis, consistent with the fact that M. luminyensis and "Ca. M. alvus" are obligate H?-dependent methylotrophic methanogens. Genomic data also suggest that these methanogens may use a large panel of methylated compounds. Phylogenetic analysis including homologs retrieved from environmental samples indicates that methylotrophic methanogenesis (regardless of dependency on H?) is not restricted to gut representatives but may be an ancestral characteristic of the whole order, and possibly also of ancient origin in the Euryarchaeota. 16S rRNA and McrA trees show that this new order of methanogens is very diverse and occupies environments highly relevant for methane production, therefore representing a key lineage to fully understand the diversity and evolution of methanogenesis. PMID:23985970

Borrel, Guillaume; O'Toole, Paul W; Harris, Hugh M B; Peyret, Pierre; Brugère, Jean-François; Gribaldo, Simonetta

2013-01-01

372

Support and Reluctance in the Pre-Substantive Phase of Alleged Child Abuse Victim Investigative Interviews: Revised versus Standard NICHD Protocols  

E-print Network

Children’s unwillingness to report abuse places them at risk for re-victimization, and interviewers who do not respond sensitively to that unwillingness may increase the likelihood that victims will not disclose abuse. Interviewer support...

Ahern, Elizabeth C.; Hershkowitz, Irit; Lamb, Michael E.; Blasbalg, Uri; Winstanley, Alice

2014-01-01

373

The unfinished agenda in child survival.  

PubMed

10 years ago, The Lancet published a Series about child survival. In this Review, we examine progress in the past decade in child survival, with a focus on epidemiology, interventions and intervention coverage, strategies of health programmes, equity, evidence, accountability, and global leadership. Knowledge of child health epidemiology has greatly increased, and although more and better interventions are available, they still do not reach large numbers of mothers and children. Child survival should remain at the heart of global goals in the post-2015 era. Many countries are now making good progress and need the time and support required to finish the task. The global health community should show its steadfast commitment to child survival by amassing knowledge and experience as a basis for ever more effective programmes. Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. PMID:24054535

Bryce, Jennifer; Victora, Cesar G; Black, Robert E

2013-09-21

374

Change trajectories for parent-child interaction sequences during parent-child interaction therapy for child physical abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveParent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been found to reduce future child abuse reports among physically abusive parents. Reductions in observed negative parenting behaviors mediated this benefit. The current study examined session-by-session interaction sequences in order to identify when during treatment these changes occur and how much the trajectory varies from case-to-case.

Melissa Hakman; Mark Chaffin; Beverly Funderburk; Jane F. Silovsky

2009-01-01

375

75 FR 71521 - National Child's Day, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proclamation On National Child's Day, we celebrate America's children and rededicate ourselves to helping them reach for their dreams and realize their full potential. To build a strong foundation for our children's future, we must support their health...

2010-11-24

376

38 CFR 3.57 - Child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...offers courses of instruction to a group of students who meet its enrollment criteria, including schools, colleges, academies, seminaries, technical...contributions of sufficient size to constitute the major portion of the child's support....

2013-07-01

377

38 CFR 3.57 - Child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...offers courses of instruction to a group of students who meet its enrollment criteria, including schools, colleges, academies, seminaries, technical...contributions of sufficient size to constitute the major portion of the child's support....

2011-07-01

378

38 CFR 3.57 - Child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...offers courses of instruction to a group of students who meet its enrollment criteria, including schools, colleges, academies, seminaries, technical...contributions of sufficient size to constitute the major portion of the child's support....

2014-07-01

379

38 CFR 3.57 - Child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...offers courses of instruction to a group of students who meet its enrollment criteria, including schools, colleges, academies, seminaries, technical...contributions of sufficient size to constitute the major portion of the child's support....

2012-07-01

380

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

381

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... print a PDF version of this document . Child sexual abuse has been reported up to 80,000 ... professional help . The long-term emotional damage of sexual abuse can be devastating to the child. Child ...

382

Supporting Our Artistically Talented  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A talented child's motivation and artistic gift can suffer when the environment at home and at school are inadequately supportive. It's crucial, therefore, for parents and teachers to understand that any child's involvement in the arts can enhance overall success in academics and in later life. It's just as important to learn about the many ways…

Dupuis, Diane L.

2004-01-01

383

Understanding and Measuring Child Welfare Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new “Children's and Family Services Reviews” (CFSR) process focuses on the effectiveness of services to children and families by measuring client outcomes. This article reviews the research literature related to child welfare outcomes in order to provide a context for federal accountability efforts. It also summarizes the 2001 federal mandate to hold states accountable for child welfare outcomes and

Amy Dandrade; Kathy Lemon Osterling; Michael J. Austin

2008-01-01

384

Eating Out When Your Child Has Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

Eating Out When Your Child Has Diabetes KidsHealth > Parents > Diabetes Center > Diet & Nutrition > Eating Out When Your Child Has Diabetes Print A ... to Visit What to Order What to Bring Eating out can be a treat for lots of ...

385

The American Child: A Cultural Studies Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased critical interest in the child as a rich and varied site of cultural inscription. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines have turned their attention to the child in order to interrogate how it comes to represent, and often codify, the prevailing ideologies of a given culture or historical period. Noting that narratives…

Levander, Caroline F., Ed.; Singley, Carol J., Ed.

386

Novel supports in chiral stationary phase development for liquid chromatography. Preparation, characterization and application of ordered mesoporous silica particles.  

PubMed

Recent advances in the development of new materials are having a major impact on analytical chemistry. For example, the unique properties of ordered mesoporous silicas (OMSs) have been shown to enhance the analytical performance of many existing techniques or allow new, exciting ones to be developed. Likewise, the introduction of organo-functional groups makes OMSs highly versatile and enables them to perform specialized tasks, such as the separation of chiral compounds. This review provides an overview with the most relevant achievements in the preparation of OMS particles functionalized with chiral selectors. In addition, some examples from the last fifteen years regarding the analytical applications of functionalized OMS for chiral separations by high-performance liquid chromatography, ultra-high pressure high-performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrochromatography have been reviewed. PMID:25015243

Sierra, Isabel; Pérez-Quintanilla, Damián; Morante, Sonia; Gañán, Judith

2014-10-10

387

Your Child's Immunizations  

MedlinePLUS

... Ideas for Kids Tips for Treating the Flu Pregnancy Precautions Checkups: What to Expect Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations Print ...

388

The context of child welfare performance measures.  

PubMed

A growing movement in the United States seeks to improve the outcomes achieved by public agencies through performance measurement strategies. In child welfare policy, a federally mandated performance measurement system has evolved since the 1980s, establishing the federal Child and Family Services Review which uses a series of performance indicators for evaluating the child welfare system. This article reviews the literature on performance measurement and performance management in the public sector in order to develop a conceptual framework for examining the federal child welfare performance measurement system. It briefly summarizes the evolution of federal policy related to performance measurement in child welfare. The framework is then used to guide an analysis of the debate surrounding the establishment of the current child welfare performance measurement system, concluding with recommendations for consideration in future reform efforts. PMID:23705647

Carnochan, Sarah; Samples, Mark; Lawson, Jennifer; Austin, Michael J

2013-01-01

389

The child anxiety impact scale: examining parent- and child-reported impairment in child anxiety disorders.  

PubMed

The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the factor structure, reliability, and construct validity of both the Child and Parent version of the Child Anxiety Impact Scale (CAIS) using data obtained from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (Walkup et al., 2008 ). The CAIS child and parent versions measure anxiety-related functional impairment in school, social, and family domains. Participants were 488 children ages 7 to 17 (M age = 10.7, SD = 2.8 years) enrolled as part of the CAMS study across 6 sites and their primary parent or caregiver. Families participated in a structured diagnostic interview and then completed the CAIS along with other measures. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the a priori three-factor structure (school, social, and home/family) for the CAIS parent- and CAIS child-report was a reasonable fit, with a comparative fit index of .88 and root mean square error of approximation of .05. Internal consistency was very good for total score and subscales of both versions of the scale (Cronbach's ? = .70-.90). The CAIS total scores demonstrated good construct validity, showing predicted significant correlations with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing Scale, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) and Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) Total Scores, the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale, and the Children's Global Assessment Scale. In addition, CAIS Social and School subscales were significantly related to similar subscales on the CBCL, SCARED, and MASC. The results provide support that the CAIS is a reliable and valid measure for the assessment of the impact of anxiety on child and adolescent functioning. PMID:23915200

Langley, Audra K; Falk, Avital; Peris, Tara; Wiley, Joshua F; Kendall, Philip C; Ginsburg, Golda; Birmaher, Boris; March, John; Albano, Ann Marie; Piacentini, John

2014-01-01

390

New directions in orphan and vulnerable children policy and research: A focus on supporting "suitable" institutions when placement is "necessary" for a child.  

PubMed

As the number of children without parental care continues to increase in resource-poor countries, it is important not to discount institutional care as an option before conclusively assessing whether these structures have systematic negative impacts on the millions of children for which they provide care. An almost universal emphasis and focus on deinstitutionalizing children in the face of the urgent necessity for large-scale measures to care for the global orphaned population puts millions of children at risk of deprivation, degradation, and early death. Deinstitutionalizing children in underresourced countries without alternate systems in place could leave many children behind. This article proposes an equal assessment of suitability and necessity of all alternative care options, without relegating institutions as a last resort. Institutional care should be considered as no less suitable in certain cases and for certain children than other options, especially when there is a serious need for such an option in some parts of the world. In addition, recent research challenges early conclusions, shows variability in international institutions, and also documents positive effects of interventions seeking to improve institutions. The Convention of the Rights of the Child and its implicit "last resort" language, as well as subsequent global policies that also use this language, do not create a constructive way of approaching alternative care solutions for any children without parental care. Instead, policymakers and practitioners should establish individualized care plans for all children without parental care, regulate their admission to institutions with periodic reviews of the necessity and appropriateness of their placement, and develop standards for "suitability" of institutions to improve conditions. PMID:24999524

Huynh, Hy V

2014-07-01

391

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation of the A PAR Parental Intervention Programme in Portugal. Child Development and Parenting Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study attempts to investigate the effects of the Aprender em Parceria (A PAR) programme, an intervention in early childhood education and parenting support in the suburbs of Great Lisbon which aims to increase the educational achievement of disadvantaged children from birth to six-years-old. A quasi-experimental design was…

Nabuco, Maria Emília; Aguiar, Maria Stella; Costa, Cláudia; Morais, Diogo

2014-01-01

392

Every Child Deserves Our Best: Recommendations from North Carolina's National Board Certified Teachers on How to Support and Staff High-Needs Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains recommendations from North Carolina's National Board Certified Teachers (NBCTs) on how to support and staff high-needs schools and solve the state's staffing problems in these schools. Beyond financial incentives, a comprehensive approach is recommended that takes into account the working conditions that North Carolina's NBCTs…

Berry, Barnett; Ferriter, Bill

2006-01-01

393

Jugando en el Pidi: Active Learning, Early Child Development and Interactive Radio Instruction. Supporting Caregivers, Parents, and Young Children. LearnTech Case Study Series, No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, Bolivia was selected as a site to pilot an interactive radio instruction (IRI) project that would provide practical support to adult caregivers and children around early childhood development. Through linkages with health and education networks, PIDI (Programa Integral de Desarrollo Infantil) provided young children under the age of six…

Bosch, Andrea; Crespo, Cecilia

394

Comparing Parental Distress, Family Functioning, and the Role of Social Support for Caregivers With and Without a Child With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess parental distress, family functioning, and social support among parents of children with a lifetime diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ( JRA) and comparison families. Methods Parents of 64 children with JRA (64 mothers, 46 fathers) completed questionnaires and in-home interviews along with 64 matched comparison families. Average time since diagnosis for children with JRA was 70 months.

Cynthia A. Gerhardt; Kathryn Vannatta; J. Mark McKellop; Meg Zeller

2003-01-01

395

Evaluating a Bereavement Follow-Up Intervention for Grieving Fathers and Their Experiences of Support after the Death of a Child--A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for…

Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

2011-01-01

396

Effects and processes linking social support to caregiver health among HIV/AIDS-affected carer-child dyads: a critical review of the empirical evidence.  

PubMed

There is evidence to suggest that social support may be an important resource for the mental and physical health of caregivers and children affected by HIV/AIDS, especially in HIV-endemic areas of the developing world. Drawing from theory on social relations and health, in this paper we argue that it is important to assess not only the existence and direction of associations, but also the effects and processes explaining these. We refer to House et al's (in Annu Rev Sociol 14;293-318, 1988) theoretical framework on social support structures and processes as a guide to present and discuss findings of a systematic review of literature assessing the relationship between social support and health among caregivers living with HIV or caring for HIV/AIDS-affected children. Findings confirm the importance of social support for health among this population, but also expose the absence of empirical work deriving from the developing world, as well as the need for further investigation on the biopsychosocial processes explaining observed effects. PMID:22878789

Casale, Marisa; Wild, Lauren

2013-06-01

397

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention  

E-print Network

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention in the VO Breeding Environment. Child abuse is a serious problem in our society. In order to provide an adequate response, all-agent expert system able to facilitate the selection of partners. Keywords: Child Abuse Prevention, Dynamic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

Helping Your Child Feel Connected to School. Information for Parents and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents want their child to do well in school. They also want their child to be healthy and avoid behaviors that are risky or harmful. Through their guidance and support, parents can have great influence on their child's health and learning. But they also have important allies in this effort--the caring adults in their child's school. Research…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

399

Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

400

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2013-04-01

401

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB), NIHCD, Report to the NACHHD Council  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Development & Behavior (CDB) Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) seeks to improve the health and well-being of individuals from infancy through early adulthood by supporting research into healthy growth and development, including all aspects of child development. The study of typical child

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2009

2009-01-01

402

The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2012-01-01

403

Case Studies of Public-Private Partnerships for Child Care. The Child Care Partnership Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These case studies were developed as part of the Child Care Partnership Project, a multi-year technical assistance effort. The Partnership Project provides a series of technical assistance resources and materials to support the development and strengthening of public-private partnerships to improve the quality and supply of child care. The five…

Finance Project, Washington, DC.

404

Child and Nonviolent Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the nature of the child and the impact of socialization experiences on his capacity to act nonviolently in a changing social order. Presents a socialization model that draws on different disciplinary frameworks and research areas (animal and human ethnology, social learning theories, altruism studies, and reviews of protest movements).…

Boulding, Elise

1974-01-01

405

Child abuse potential: Correlates with child maltreatment rates and structural measures of neighborhoods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This community-based research investigates differential child maltreatment rates per 1000 same-age population within communities, and compares the rates to survey data that capture the potential for child abuse by a random sample of individuals in the same community in order to evaluate the impact of neighborhood conditions (e.g., maltreatment rates, child care burden, poverty) and individual factors (e.g., demographic and

Darcey H. Merritt

2009-01-01

406

A Latent Factor in Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A child learns very early in his life that there is a great disparity between truth and social propriety. He quickly accomodates himself to this situation in order to avoid unpleasant experiences. (CK)

Conforti, joseph M.

1969-01-01

407

THE DIFFICULT CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

408

Application SJSU Child Development  

E-print Network

Application SJSU Child Development Laboratory Preschool Child's name Birth date Home address Street Campbell at (408) 924-3725. Send application to: Toni Campbell Child Development San José State University. Circle the program you prefer for your child. Toddlers (two yrs.) Mon/Wed 9:00 - 11:00 Toddlers (two yrs

Su, Xiao

409

Maternal and Child nutrition  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child nutrition Earn an advanced degree in a highly specialized field Taught #12;Courses: Nutrition During Pregnancy Lactation and Infant Nutrition Child and Adolescent Nutrition Applied Research Methods in Maternal and Child Nutrition Topics in Epidemiology of Maternal and Child

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

410

Ordered Genes This chapter covers a new type of problem -problems with ordered genes. These are ordered  

E-print Network

we enumerate several possible binary crossover operators for ordered genes. These are usually called forced selections, filling child locations End While End While The forced selections are the key only the first child, the other child simply has all its values at each position equal to those

Ashlock, Dan

411

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child abuse and neglect represent complex social problems confronting our society today. From 1976, when the first national\\u000a figures for child maltreatment were generated, to the most recent period, child maltreatment reports have been increasing\\u000a steadily. In 1992, child protective service agencies received an estimated 1.9 million reports of child abuse and neglect\\u000a involving an estimated 2.9 million children. Maltreatment

Cathy Spatz Widom

412

SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY EXECUTIVE ORDER 1083  

E-print Network

REPORTER STATUS AND LEGAL DUTY TO REPORT CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT California law requires certain people to report known or suspected child abuse or neglect. For purposes of Executive Order 1083, which implements know or reasonably suspect has been the victim of child abuse or neglect, you must report

413

The International Epidemiology of Child Sexual Abuse: A Continuation of Finkelhor (1994)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to compare the prevalence rates of child sexual abuse reported by [Finkelhor, D. (1994). "The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse." "Child Abuse & Neglect," 18 (5), 409-417] with those found in recent publications in order to confirm the widespread prevalence of child sexual abuse. Methods:…

Pereda, Noemi; Guilera, Georgina; Forns, Maria; Gomez-Benito, Juana

2009-01-01

414

Parent representation model in child safety conferences.  

PubMed

Child welfare-involved parents are often isolated and lack support and skills to navigate complex systems. Programs using a parent representation service model in child protection can offer an exceptional and critical form of support and empowerment to birthparents, promote parental engagement and cooperation, and teach system navigation skills. While there is a notable emphasis on an overall family-centered and strength-based approach in child welfare, much progress is still needed in giving voice to parents, empowering them, including them in decisionmaking about the case, and seeking their cooperation. Funding should be directed to recruiting more parent representatives to assist birthparents in their communities as well to educating and training child protective services workers by transferring values and strategies implemented by parent representatives. Although additional research is certainly necessary, it appears that programs such as the Child Welfare Organizing Project in New York City may be an important step toward building partnerships with families impacted by the child welfare system in promoting child safety, well-being, and permanency. PMID:24923137

Lalayants, Marina

2013-01-01

415

5 CFR 1604.9 - Court orders and legal processes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... A TSP account can be divided in an action for divorce, annulment, or legal separation, and is subject to legal process relating to child support, alimony, or child abuse. The TSP will make a payment from a...

2010-01-01

416

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural child, as defined in § 222.32...considered dependent upon the employee (the natural parent) only if he or she was either living...

2012-04-01

417

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural child, as defined in § 222.32...considered dependent upon the employee (the natural parent) only if he or she was either living...

2013-04-01

418

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural child, as defined in § 222.32...considered dependent upon the employee (the natural parent) only if he or she was either living...

2010-04-01

419

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural child, as defined in § 222.32...considered dependent upon the employee (the natural parent) only if he or she was either living...

2011-04-01

420

Neighborhood Impoverishment and Child Maltreatment: An Analysis from the Ecological Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the neighborhood context of child maltreatment. A model of neighborhood "impoverishment" devised from the ecological perspective was employed to predict rates of maltreatment. Findings underscored the importance of social support in mediating child maltreatment. (Author/ABL)

Young, Gay; Gately, Tamra

1988-01-01

421

75 FR 41140 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...expand the Child Nutrition Database in support of the School Meals...gov with, ``Vazquez/CN Database'' in the subject line...the request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All...Title: Child Nutrition Database. OMB Number:...

2010-07-15

422

78 FR 79660 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...expand the Child Nutrition Database in support of the Healthy...gov with, ``Leone/CN Database'' in the subject line...the request for Office of Management and Budget approval. All...Title: Child Nutrition Database. Form Number:...

2013-12-31

423

Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars  

MedlinePLUS

... Confusion or strange behavior Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars Even great parents can forget a child in ... important rules to prevent child heatstroke in your car: Never Leave a Child Alone in a Car ...

424

UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY I. Background with respect to child abuse, sexual assault, and child pornography. II. Applicability These protocols apply. B. Child Abuse: Harm or threatened harm to a child's health or welfare that occurs through non

425

Undetected and detected child sexual abuse and child pornography offenders.  

PubMed

Current knowledge about risk factors for child sexual abuse and child pornography offenses is based on samples of convicted offenders, i.e., detected offenders. Only few studies focus on offenders not detected by the criminal justice system. In this study, a sample of 345 self-referred pedophiles and hebephiles was recruited from the community. All participants met DSM-IV-TR criteria for pedophilia or hebephilia (paraphilia not otherwise specified), were assured of confidentiality, and self-reported lifetime sexual offending against prepubescent and/or pubescent children. Two sets of group comparisons were conducted on self-report data of risk factors for sexual reoffending. Measures of risk factors address the following dimensions identified in samples of convicted offenders: sexual preferences (i.e. co-occurring paraphilias), sexual self-regulation problems, offense-supportive cognitions, diverse socio-affective deficits, and indicators of social functioning (e.g., education, employment). Men who admitted current or previous investigation or conviction by legal authorities (detected offenders) were compared with those who denied any detection for their sexual offenses against children (undetected offenders). Group comparisons (detected vs. undetected) were further conducted for each offense type separately (child pornography only offenders, child sexual abuse only offenders, mixed offenders). Although there were more similarities between undetected and detected offenders, selected measures of sexual-self regulation problems, socio-affective deficits, and social functioning data demonstrated group differences. PMID:22420934

Neutze, Janina; Grundmann, Dorit; Scherner, Gerold; Beier, Klaus Michael

2012-01-01

426

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... will have many questions and concerns regarding the nature of this problem, its effects on your child?s ... physician?s initial role is to determine the specific nature of the underlying problem that may be at ...

427

Normal Child Behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... age. Development can be uneven, too, with a child's social development lagging behind his intellectual growth, or vice ... preferences, resulting in differing parenting styles that will influence a child's behavior and development. When There Is No Response ...

428

Surviving Your Child's Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... result of cultural and religious interpretations causes some families to be reluctant to talk openly about the cause of their child’s death. Keeping the cause of death a secret can deprive you of the joy of speaking ...

429

Child Behavior Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

430

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... of waste (stool, feces, or poop). Now your child has an opening called a stoma in their belly. Waste will pass through the stoma into a pouch that collects it. You and your child will need to take ...

431

Child Dental Health  

MedlinePLUS

Healthy teeth are important to your child's overall health. From the time your child is born, there are things you can do to promote healthy teeth and prevent cavities. For babies, you should clean ...

432

Telepsychiatry and Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and by the American Telemedicine Association. Will my ... that there are no available child and adolescent psychiatry resources in the area, and that telepsychiatry is ...

433

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... Services Utilization Programs and Policies Child Health USA 2013 This Web site has been produced as an ... version of the data book, Child Health USA 2013, published by the U.S. Department of Health and ...

434

Your Child's Immunization Record  

MedlinePLUS

... from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Your Child’s Immunization Record It’s important to keep up-to-date ... vaccination by filling in the date. Record of Immunizations Date Given: Where Given: Reaction: Hepatitis B Rotavirus ...

435

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

436

The Role of Supported Joint Engagement and Parent Utterances in Language and Social Communication Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between three parent-child engagement states and social communication, expressive language, and receptive language at 8 month follow-up, in 63 preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorder. We extend the literature on supported joint engagement by dividing this state into higher order (HSJE) and lower order

Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Yoder, Paul J.; Hochman, Julia M.; Watson, Linda R.

2014-01-01

437

Child marriage in Bangladesh: trends and determinants.  

PubMed

This study examines the trends and determinants of child marriage among women aged 20-49 in Bangladesh. Data were extracted from the last six nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys conducted during 1993-2011. Simple cross-tabulation and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were adopted. According to the survey conducted in 2011, more than 75% of marriages can be categorized as child marriages. This is a decline of 10 percentage points in the prevalence of child marriage compared with the survey conducted in 1993-1994. Despite some improvements in education and other socioeconomic indicators, Bangladeshi society still faces the relentless practice of early marriage. The mean age at first marriage has increased by only 1.4 years over the last one and half decades, from 14.3 years in 1993-1994 to 15.7 years in 2011. Although the situation on risk of child marriage has improved over time, the pace is sluggish. Both the year-of-birth and year-of-marriage cohorts of women suggest that the likelihood of marrying as a child has decreased significantly in recent years. The risk of child marriage was significantly higher when husbands had no formal education or little education, and when the wives were unemployed or unskilled workers. Muslim women living in rural areas have a greater risk of child marriage. Women's education level was the single most significant negative determinant of child marriage. Thus, the variables identified as important determinants of child marriage are: education of women and their husbands, and women's occupation, place of residence and religion. Programmes to help and motivate girls to stay in school will not only reduce early marriage but will also support overall societal development. The rigid enforcement of the legal minimum age at first marriage could be critical in decreasing child marriage. PMID:24480489

Kamal, S M Mostafa; Hassan, Che Hashim; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Ying, Yang

2015-01-01

438

Orthogonal Higher Order Factor Structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales--Fifth Edition for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orthogonal higher-order factor structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales-Fifth Edition (SB-5; Roid, 2003a) for child and adolescent samples is reported. Multiple criteria for factor extraction unanimously supported extraction of only one dimension and a unidimensional model. However, following results from DiStefano and Dombrowski (2006)…

Canivez, Gary L.

2008-01-01

439

Family Welfare Reform Act. Hearings on H.R. 1720 To Replace the Existing AFDC Program with a New Family Support Program...before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (March 30; April 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings concern proposed legislation to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a new family support program. The new program would emphasize work, child support, and need-based family support supplements. Families would be assisted in obtaining education, training, and employment in order to avoid long-term dependence…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

440

Do family order and neighbor intervention against intimate partner violence protect children from abuse? Findings from Kathmandu.  

PubMed

Drawing on previous research on intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, and informal social control, we hypothesized relationships between child abuse severity and (1) protective informal social control of intimate partner violence (ISC_IPV) by neighbors, (2) intimate terrorism, (3) family order, and (4) the power of mothers in intimate relationships. In what we believe may be a first study of physical child abuse by parents in Nepal, we used a three stage cluster approach to draw a random sample of 300 families in Kathmandu. Random effects regression models were used to test the study hypotheses. The analyses found support for hypotheses one and two, but with an important caveat. Although observed (actual) protective ISC_IPV had the hypothesized negative association with child abuse severity, in one of our models perceived protective ISC_IPV was positively associated with child abuse severity. The models clarify that the overall direction of protective ISC_IPV appears to be negative (protective), but the positive finding is important to consider for both research and practice. A significant relationship between family order and child abuse severity was found, but the direction was negative rather than positive as in hypothesis three. Implications for neighborhood research and typological research on IPV and child maltreatment are discussed. PMID:25455214

Emery, Clifton R; Thapa, Sirjana; Do, Mi Hyang; Chan, Ko Ling

2015-03-01

441

Helping Your Overweight Child  

MedlinePLUS

... child's overall health and tell you if weight management may be helpful. Don't put your child on a weight-loss diet unless your health care provider tells you to. top ? How can I help my child develop healthy habits? Parents and other caregivers ...

442

Child Care Design Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides architects, interior designers, developers, and child-care professionals with detailed information on the planning and design of child care centers. Part 1 examines the current state of child care in the United States and offers an overall philosophical concert--the spirit of place--as the framework for all center design. Part 2…

Olds, Anita Rui

443

Child Care: Who Benefits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

• Arguments for the public funding of child care rest on the claim that it is a public good—that it provides benefits for the individual and for society, and that investment in child care will reap social and economic payoffs. Perhaps the most abiding and persuasive claim, and the focus of this paper, is that good child care is beneficial

Jennifer Buckingham

444

The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and…

Blank, Helen

445

Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model  

E-print Network

needs of each child. ADMISSIONS The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers provide a quality child developmentVanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model which incorporates the theories of Piaget, Montessori, Erikson, and others. Learning through

Bordenstein, Seth

446

The effect of material hardship on child protective service involvement.  

PubMed

This study employs four waves of survey data on 1,135 families from the Illinois Families Study, a longitudinal panel study of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families in Illinois. This study explores the following issues within this low-income population: (1) whether material hardships are associated with child protective services (CPS) investigations, (2) whether the effect of material hardship on CPS differs by the type of child maltreatment investigated, and (3) whether psychological distress mediates the association between material hardship and CPS involvement. Results from pooled and fixed effects logistic regressions suggest that caregivers who experience material hardship are more likely to become involved in CPS. In general, investigated neglect reports are responsive to particular types of hardship such as housing and food, while investigated physical abuse reports are responsive to levels of hardship regardless of specific types. The association between material hardship and CPS involvement is not fully explained by depressive symptoms or parenting stress. The study results suggest that in order to prevent child maltreatment, it may be necessary to address a family's unmet material needs through economic support interventions. PMID:24908518

Yang, Mi-Youn

2015-03-01

447

Structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr nanoparticles from a disordered to an ordered phase as a durable oxygen reduction electrocatalyst  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sluggish oxygen reduction kinetics and insufficient durability of cathode catalysts restrict the practical application of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. This study focuses on the structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr from a disordered to an ordered phase and on the effect of such structural transformation on oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and durability. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results confirm the formation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles with a mean particle size of ca. 7.2 nm. Line scanning EDX reveals that the practical Pt-Cr atomic ratio is approximately 3 : 1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results indicate that the proportion of metallic Pt increases while the binding energy of Pt 4f decreases with such structural transformation. The Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit enhanced mass and specific activities toward the ORR compared with commercial Pt/C but slightly lower mass activity than the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles. After the accelerated durability test for 5000 cycles, the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles displayed negligible decay in ORR mass activity; however the ORR mass activity on the isordered Pt3Cr alloy decreases to ca. 50%. Much enhanced durability of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles toward the ORR is definitely caused by the much higher structural and compositional stabilities of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles than that of the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles, suggesting that the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles may serve as highly active and durable ORR electrocatalysts for practical application.

Zou, Liangliang; Li, Jun; Yuan, Ting; Zhou, Yi; Li, Xuemei; Yang, Hui

2014-08-01

448

Structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt?Cr nanoparticles from a disordered to an ordered phase as a durable oxygen reduction electrocatalyst.  

PubMed

The sluggish oxygen reduction kinetics and insufficient durability of cathode catalysts restrict the practical application of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. This study focuses on the structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt?Cr from a disordered to an ordered phase and on the effect of such structural transformation on oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and durability. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results confirm the formation of carbon-supported Pt?Cr intermetallic nanoparticles with a mean particle size of ca. 7.2 nm. Line scanning EDX reveals that the practical Pt-Cr atomic ratio is approximately 3?:?1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results indicate that the proportion of metallic Pt increases while the binding energy of Pt 4f decreases with such structural transformation. The Pt?Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit enhanced mass and specific activities toward the ORR compared with commercial Pt/C but slightly lower mass activity than the disordered Pt?Cr/C alloy nanoparticles. After the accelerated durability test for 5000 cycles, the Pt?Cr intermetallic nanoparticles displayed negligible decay in ORR mass activity; however the ORR mass activity on the isordered Pt?Cr alloy decreases to ca. 50%. Much enhanced durability of the Pt?Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles toward the ORR is definitely caused by the much higher structural and compositional stabilities of the Pt?Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles than that of the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles, suggesting that the Pt?Cr intermetallic nanoparticles may serve as highly active and durable ORR electrocatalysts for practical application. PMID:25092107

Zou, Liangliang; Li, Jun; Yuan, Ting; Zhou, Yi; Li, Xuemei; Yang, Hui

2014-09-21

449

Predictors of child molestation: adult attachment, cognitive distortions, and empathy.  

PubMed

A conceptual model derived from attachment theory was tested by examining adult attachment style, cognitive distortions, and both general and victim empathy in a sample of 61 paroled child molesters and 51 community controls. Results of logistic multiple regression showed that attachment anxiety, cognitive distortions, high general empathy but low victim empathy significantly increased the odds of child molester status. Findings supported theoretically based hypotheses, suggesting that attachment theory may be useful in the conceptualization and treatment of child molesters. PMID:18162640

Wood, Eric; Riggs, Shelley

2008-02-01

450

Child protection: a 50-year perspective.  

PubMed

It has been 50 years since Kempe et al. published 'The Battered Child Syndrome', describing harm from inflicted injury mechanisms derived from parents and care givers. Since then, there has emerged a rapidly expanding literature on paediatric forensic medicine and child protection, which has offered new insights into injury mechanisms, informed us of the sequelae of abuse and neglect, aided diagnosis and guided clinical practice in the treatment and management of children who become involved in the child protection system. Through the scrutiny of government inquiries and at times uncomfortable media exposure, there have been improvements in child protection and forensic practices resulting in recognition of need for specialised forensic training, improved funding, development of resources and development of professional standards that support accountable, objective, safe and robust practice. From the perspective of an Australian child protection paediatrician, this paper chronicles some of the most significant and at times controversial research in the last 50 years in child protection that have played a key role in shaping our current understanding of child abuse and neglect. PMID:25534472

Skellern, Catherine Yvette

2015-01-01

451

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and retained in the databases, and with whom and...secured from the OCSE database. Response: Applications...services, although developed by each State agency...automated system. OCSE's databases, such as the National...information must be independently verified before...

2010-12-29

452

Supporting your child with weight loss  

MedlinePLUS

... eat it. Homemade meals are often healthier than fast food or prepared foods. They can also save you ... little practice, homemade meals can taste better than fast food. Take your children food shopping so they can ...

453

[How to discuss death with a dying child: can a story help?].  

PubMed

Is it necessary--and possible--to discuss death with a terminally ill child? How should one approach the subject? A recent Swedish study demonstrates the benefits for parents who discuss with their child his or her imminent death, and examines the ways in which caregivers can help such parents. The mother of one child treated in our unit recently wrote a story 48 hours before her child's death. The story served to broach a number of questions often raised by dying children and their families: fear of the unknown, of being replaced, the inevitability of death, grief and fear of being forgotten... Since 2004, the story has been given to several families with dying children in our unit. In order to evaluate the story's impact on families and to determine whether a document which stimulates dialogue should continue to be given to parents, we asked the first thirteen to fill out a questionnaire. The results confirmed that the story was experienced as something positive and that it helped parents to talk with their children. The results of our study lead us to conclude that the medical profession should lend its full support to families who wish to engage in this dialogue with their children. This study also raises many questions and should be part of a global accompaniment strategy. With our support, an illustrated story book called Falikou was published in October 2006. PMID:18819691

Auvrignon, Anne; Leverger, Guy; Lasfargues, Géraud

2008-02-01

454

Maternal characteristics, ratings of child behavior, and mother-child interactions in families of children with externalizing disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships among maternal characteristics, ratings of child behavior, and observed mother-child interactions were examined in a sample of 40 4- to 12-year-old children with externalizing disorders. Mothers and children were observed in a task interaction and mothers provided self-reports of depressed mood, parenting self-esteem, marital satisfaction, social support, and life stress. Child behavior was rated by both mothers and teachers.

Charlotte Johnston; William E. Pelham

1990-01-01

455

Mother-child emotion communication and childhood anxiety symptoms.  

PubMed

This study examined whether several aspects of emotion communication in mother-child dyads relate to child anxiety symptoms. Mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication were coded based on videotaped mother-child interactions in a sample of 87 ten- to twelve-year olds, and children reported on their anxiety symptoms. Mothers of more anxious children were less supportive in that they engaged more in psychologically controlling behaviours designed to manipulate the child's emotional state, exhibited less warmth and interest in the child, and were less elaborative during conversations about an emotionally negative event. Further, more anxious children showed greater affect intensity and lower congruency of emotions and behaviours, and were less engaged in the conversation. Examining the role of child gender did not change the results significantly. Mother and child emotion communication behaviours each explained significant variance in child anxiety. The results showed that how mothers and children approached emotion-related conversations is important for child anxiety, and highlighted the need to consider mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication in assessment and interventions with anxious children. PMID:24892717

Brumariu, Laura E; Kerns, Kathryn A

2015-04-01

456

5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the court orders will be honored in the...relate to the same former spouse, separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored....

2010-01-01

457

77 FR 4734 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance-Stillborn Child Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RIN 2900-AO30 Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance--Stillborn Child Coverage...proposes to amend its Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) regulations in order...2900-AO30--Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance--Stillborn Child...

2012-01-31

458

The Impact of Child Care Subsidy Use on Child Care Quality  

PubMed Central

In 2008, the federal government allotted $7 billion in child care subsidies to low-income families through the state-administered Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), now the government’s largest child care program (US DHHS, 2008). Although subsidies reduce costs for families and facilitate parental employment, it is unclear how they impact the quality of care families purchase. This study investigates the impact of government subsidization on parents’ selection of child care quality using multivariate regression and propensity score matching approaches to account for differential selection into subsidy receipt and care arrangements. Data were drawn from the Child Care Supplement to the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (CCS-FFCWS), conducted in 2002 and 2003 in 14 of the 20 FFCWS cities when focal children were 3 years old (N = 456). Our results indicate that families who used subsidies chose higher quality care than comparable mothers who did not use subsidies, but only because subsidy recipients were more likely to use center-based care. Subgroup analyses revealed that families using subsidies purchased higher-quality home-based care but lower-quality center-based care than comparable non-recipients. Findings suggest that child care subsidies may serve as more than a work support for low-income families by enhancing the quality of nonmaternal care children experience but that this effect is largely attributable to recipients’ using formal child care arrangements (versus kith and kin care) more often than non-recipients. PMID:21874092

Ryan, Rebecca M.; Johnson, Anna; Rigby, Elizabeth; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2010-01-01

459

Parent-child aggression: association with child abuse potential and parenting styles.  

PubMed

The present investigation predicted that greater use of corporal punishment as well as physical maltreatment would be associated with child abuse potential and selected parenting styles. Three independent studies were examined, two with community samples and a third with a clinical at-risk sample of parents. Parents across all studies anonymously completed the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale to assess physical discipline and maltreatment, as well as the Parenting Scale to measure dysfunctional parenting styles. Findings support that overall parent-child aggression, as well as physical maltreatment behaviors specifically, were associated with child abuse potential. Parent-child aggression was also related to dysfunctional parenting styles, particularly an overreactive, authoritarian parenting style. Permissive parenting was also identified as potentially associated with physical maltreatment, although the findings regarding such lax parenting styles are less clear. Intriguing findings emerged regarding the connection of psychological aggression to both child abuse potential and dysfunctional parenting style. Child abuse potential was also associated with dysfunctional parenting style, particularly harsh, overreactive approaches. Recommendations for future study with at-risk samples and additional research on permissive parenting and psychological aggression are discussed. PMID:21287963

Rodriguez, Christina M

2010-01-01

460

The Burden of Disaster: Part II. Applying Interventions Across the Child’s Social Ecology  

PubMed Central

This second of two articles describes the application of disaster mental health interventions within the context of the child’s social ecology consisting of (he Micro-, Meso-, Exo-, and Macrosystems. Microsystem interventions involving parents, siblings, and close friends include family preparedness planning and practice, psychoeducation, role modeling, emotional support, and redirection. Mesosystem interventions provided by schools and faith-based organizations include safety and support, assessment, referral, and counseling. Exosystem interventions include those provided through community-based mental health programs, healthcare organizations, the workplace, the media, local volunteer disaster organizations, and other local organizations. Efforts to build community resilience to disasters are likely to have influence through the Exosystem. The Macrosystem – including the laws, history, cultural and subcultural characteristics, and economic and social conditions that underlie the other systems – affects the child indirectly through public policies and disaster programs and services that become available in the child’s Exosystem in the aftermath of a disaster. The social ecology paradigm, described more fully in a companion article (Noffsinger, Pfefferbaum, Pfefferbaum, Sherrieb, & Norris,2012), emphasizes relationships among systems and can guide the development and delivery of services embedded in naturally-occurring structures in the child’s environment. PMID:23894798

Pfefferbaum, Rose L.; Pfefferbaum, Betty; Jacobs, Anne K.; Noffsinger, Mary A.; Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H.

2014-01-01

461

Methamphetamine and the changing face of child welfare: practice principles for child welfare workers.  

PubMed

Methamphetamine use and production is changing child welfare practice. Methamphetamine is a significant public health threat (National Institute of Justice, 1999) reaching epidemic proportions (Anglin, Burke, Perrochet, Stamper, & Dawud-Nouris, 2000). The manufacturing of methamphetamine is a serious problem for the child welfare system, yet child welfare has not addressed the needs of children living in homes where methamphetamine is manufactured (U.S. Department of Justice, 2002; DOJ, 2003; Altshuler, 2005). This article presents key issues for child welfare workers related to the use, production, and effects of methamphetamine on children and families, and identifies practice principles for child welfare workers in order to ensure safety for victims, parents, and workers themselves. PMID:17722684

Connell-Carrick, Kelli

2007-01-01

462

Parental Beliefs About Child Anxiety as a Mediator of Parent and Child Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has consistently supported a link between child and parental anxiety. Less well understood, however, are\\u000a mediators of this association. Recent work has suggested the importance of parental cognitions in understanding the relationship\\u000a between parental and child anxiety. The present investigation, employing a cross-sectional design, evaluates the potential\\u000a mediational role of a specific parental cognitive variable, namely parental beliefs

Sarah E. Francis; Bruce F. Chorpita

2011-01-01

463

Maternal and Child Health, FY 1983. Special Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing several examples of current research efforts, this report describes the research on maternal and child health supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The Institute conducts a coordinated program of research and research training to advance knowledge related to pregnancy and maternal health,…

National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

464

Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

Judd, Dorothy

465

Child Care Center Design & the Potential of Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of layout and design of child care centers on the education of young children. It asserts that child care facilities must be designed to support and stimulate children's natural developmental processes, providing both direct and indirect educational opportunities. The paper discusses the stages of the design process…

Abbott, Carl; Abbott, Cooper

466

The Economic Impact of Vermont's Child Care Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the relationship between the supply of reliable, affordable, accessible child care and the health of Vermont's economy. The child care industry is a growing part of the Vermont economy, pumping money into local communities by supporting working families, creating jobs, and generating taxes through employment and the purchase…

2002

467

Building Capacity for Trauma Intervention across Child-Serving Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants most vulnerable to trauma are often the least able to access interventions. Universal child-serving systems, such as primary pediatrics, early care and education, and the child welfare system, can offer a port of entry for millions of children annually for trauma-related supports and services. However, practitioners in these systems have…

Chinitz, Susan; Stettler, Erin M.; Giammanco, Denise; Silverman, Marian; Briggs, Rahil D.; Loeb, Joanne

2010-01-01

468

78 FR 29441 - Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the quality of child care. We believe these...access to high quality care in recognition of...supporting the child's long-term development and providing...Nurturing and stimulating care given in the early...odds for those at risk of poor outcomes...

2013-05-20

469

A Family's Guide: Fostering Your Child's Success in School Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 27-page pdf guide can be used to help parents and other community members understand current trends in mathematics education. It explains the thinking behind Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (2000), published by NCTM, and provides a summary of them. The document suggests ways that families can support their child’s learning of mathematics.

2004-01-01

470

National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect acquires, preserves and disseminates high quality datasets relevant to the study of child abuse and neglect. The Archive facilitates secondary analysis by distributing data in ready-to-use formats for microcomputers and mainframes, providing technical support to data users, and sponsoring training programs for researchers.

471

Industry and Child Care Resource Bank. Alphabetical Title Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography contains every listing available, as of the summer of 1982, in the Industry and Child Care Resource Bank located at the Boulder Child Care Support Center at 2160 Spruce Street, Boulder, Colorado. Each entry is annotated. References thought to be excellent sources of information are indicated by a star placed in the left hand…

Boulder Child Care Support Center, CO.

472

Parental stress, parenting behavior and observed parent-child interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between parental stress, social support, and directly observed parenting behavior and dyadic interaction in a non-clinical sample of 26 parent-child dyads, in which the child was age five or younger. This study also explored the differential impact of various types of stress on parenting behavior and dyadic interaction, including life stress as measured by the

Katrina L Adams

2006-01-01

473

Investing in Our Future: A Guide to Child Care Financing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book investigates the innovative ways being used to ensure and finance high quality care for children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," discusses the government's role in helping to structure, build, and finance the system, as well as financing strategies. Chapter 2, "Financing Child Care Supply," addresses center-based child care, supports for…

Stoney, Louise; Groginsky, Scott; Poppe, Julie

474

Work-Related Trauma Effects in Child Protection Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers are exposed to a variety of workplace events that could overwhelm them. This study examined whether negative workplace events were associated with workplace trauma effects amongst child welfare workers, and considered whether job support or job satisfaction moderated the influence of events on effects. Vicarious events were more highly associated with trauma effects (r = 0.54, p

Mark J. Horwitz

2006-01-01

475

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

of specialization: (a) Early Child Development, (b) Youth and Family Development, (c) Early Childhood Education (4+1), (d) Child Life Specialist. Core courses focus on child and youth development (i.e., infancy, play development, parent education, child care, and parent-child relations in different cultures. FACILITIES

Mather, Patrick T.

476

Parents' Child-Rearing Style and Child's Sociometric Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships between parents' child-rearing style, the child's prosocial behavior, and the child's sociometric status. The sample consisted of 112 children (6–11 years of age) and both their parents. Parental behavior in the interaction with the child was observed at home when parents and child worked together in 2 structured tasks. Factor analyses of parental behavior revealed that

Maja Dekovi?; Jan M. A. M. Janssens

1992-01-01

477

Child Labor Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formed in 1989, the Child Labor Coalition is a provider of informational and educational outreach about child labor in the public and private sectors. On their website, visitors will find sections on "Child Labor in the U.S." and "Child Labor Around the World", as well as a "Photo Gallery and Media Library". The Child Labor in the U.S. section provides history, causes, and results of child labor in the U.S. Visitors will also find a link to the report "Fields of Peril - Child Labor in U.S. Agriculture", which addresses the lack of rights of child farmworkers on commercial farms. Visitors with teenagers will be interested in the "Parents' Primer: When Your Teen Works" report that emphasizes the hours of employment governed by child labor laws, and provides information on how these laws "restrict teens from working in hazardous occupations or operating dangerous machinery." The photo gallery contains several albums, including heartrending stills from the documentary "Stolen Childhoods". Visitors will see a child working at a brick kiln in India, and a Kenyan coffee plantation where children work without protective gear from pesticides or the sharp spines of the coffee plant. [KMG

478

Investigation of playing with entertainment robotic pet of pre-school aged child in nursery school by video observation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate Human (pre-school aged child; 4-6 years old) - robot interaction (HRI), entertainment robotic pet; AIBO, mental commit seal robot; PARO, and communication robot; ifbot were introduced into child's playing in classroom environment of nursery school. Videotaping was carried out for behavioral analysis to observe child's playing with robot and consider child's recognition of robot. By this

Satoshi Yamamoto; Ryuhei Kimura

2007-01-01

479

The Use of the USDA Nutrient Analysis Protocol in the Evaluation of Child-Care Menus in North Mississippi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-care facilities that participate in the federally assisted Child and Adult Care Food Program are required to follow meal patterns that meet the nutrient needs for child growth and development. The purpose of this research is to use the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Nutrient Analysis Protocols to evaluate child-care menus in order to…

Knight, Kathy B.; Hickey, Rose; Aloia, Christopher R.; Oakley, Charlotte B.; Bomba, Anne K.

2015-01-01

480

The Everyday Concerns of Mothers of Young Children and the Motivation to Seek Ongoing Parenting Support from Experts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother-child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the…

Murphy, Sean M.; Zweifach, Jessica; Hoffman, Leon

2012-01-01

481

Three models of child abuse consultations: A qualitative study of inpatient child abuse consultation notes.  

PubMed

Child abuse pediatricians have multiple roles in caring for abused children, including prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and, when needed, expert legal opinion. The child physical abuse consultation differs from the traditional medical consultation in that it has medical, investigative and legal audiences, all of whom have different information needs. How child abuse pediatricians approach their cases and how they document their initial inpatient consultations that will be used by such a diverse audience is currently unexplored. We used content analysis to examine 37 child physical abuse consultation notes from a national sample of child abuse pediatricians in order to understand physicians' approaches to these consultations. Three commonly used models of child physical abuse consultation were identified in the data that we named the base model, the investigative model, and the family-dynamic model. While model types overlap, each is distinguished by key features including the approach used to gather information, the information recorded, and the language used in documentation. The base model most closely mirrors the traditional medical approach; the investigative model concentrates on triangulation of sources of information; and, the family-dynamic model concentrates on physician perceptions of family relationships. The three models of consultations for child physical abuse mirror the areas of child abuse pediatrics: diagnostic, forensic and therapeutic. These models are considered in relationship to best practice from other medical specialties with forensic components. PMID:25484319

Keenan, Heather T; Campbell, Kristine A

2014-12-01

482

Early Mother-Child Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

d'Agostino, Micheline

1986-01-01

483

Choosing a Child Care Center  

MedlinePLUS

... many names—child care center, preschool, nursery school, child development program, or learning center. Center-based care also ... is important to your child's health, safety, and development. Additional Resources: AAP Healthy Child Care America Early Education and Child Care Initiatives ...

484

Linking water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments in order to support distinct aquatic ecosystems: Water quality guidelines for suspended particulate matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural characteristics of a catchment provide a template that controls the background rates of geomorphological processes operating within that catchment, which in-turn determines the background physico-chemical and hydro-morphological characteristics of the catchment's surface waters. Large differences in the natural characteristics of catchments (e.g. geology, topography, climate), lead to unique physico-chemical and hydro-morphological conditions that support unique freshwater communities. However, this uniqueness is not always recognised in international water quality guidelines, which often attempt to apply blanket water-quality guidelines to 'protect' a wide range of ecosystems. In this paper we investigate the natural characteristics that control background concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM - including nano-scale particles to sand-sized sediments), which is a well-known cause of ecological degradation. At present, the management of SPM is hampered by a lack of understanding of the SPM conditions that water quality managers should aim to achieve in contrasting environments in order to support good ecological status. To address this, in this paper we examine the SPM preferences of contrasting biological communities that are in reference condition (minimal anthropogenic disturbance and high ecological status). We analyse historical SPM data collected on a monthly basis from a wide range of reference-condition temperate environments (638 stream/river sites comprising 42 different biological community-types). This analysis reveals that there are statistically significant differences (One-way ANOVA p < 0.001) between the background SPM concentrations observed in contrasting communities that are in reference condition. Mean background SPM concentrations for contrasting communities ranged from 1.7 to 26.2 mg L-1 (i.e. more than a 15-fold difference). We propose a model for predicting environment-specific water quality guidelines for SPM. In order to develop this model, the 638 reference-condition sites were first classified into one of five mean background SPM ranges (0.00-5.99, 6.00-11.99, 12.00-17.99, 18.00-23.99 and >24.00 mg L-1). Stepwise Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA) of these ranges showed that a site's SPM range can be predicted as a function of: mean annual air temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean altitude of upstream catchment, distance from source, slope to source, channel width and depth, the percentage of catchment area comprised of clay, chalk, and hard rock solid geology, and the percentage of the catchment area comprised of blown sand/landslide material as the surface (drift) material. Although the model is still being improved and developed, this research highlights the need to link water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments and the physico-chemical preferences of the biological communities that would naturally inhabit them.

Bilotta, G. S.; Grove, M. K.; Harrison, C.; Joyce, C. B.; Peacock, C.

2012-12-01

485

Current State of Inclusion of Children with Special Needs in Child Care Programmes in One Canadian Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Access to quality child care is an important support for families with children with disabilities. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the current state of inclusion of children with special needs in child care programmes, and (2) the presence of child care staff practices and programme characteristics that support

Wiart, Lesley; Kehler, Heather; Rempel, Gwen; Tough, Suzanne

2014-01-01

486

On the alert: future priorities for alerts in clinical decision support for computerized physician order entry identified from a European workshop  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical decision support (CDS) for electronic prescribing systems (computerized physician order entry) should help prescribers in the safe and rational use of medicines. However, the best ways to alert users to unsafe or irrational prescribing are uncertain. Specifically, CDS systems may generate too many alerts, producing unwelcome distractions for prescribers, or too few alerts running the risk of overlooking possible harms. Obtaining the right balance of alerting to adequately improve patient safety should be a priority. Methods A workshop funded through the European Regional Development Fund was convened by the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust to assess current knowledge on alerts in CDS and to reach a consensus on a future research agenda on this topic. Leading European researchers in CDS and alerts in electronic prescribing systems were invited to the workshop. Results We identified important knowledge gaps and suggest research priorities including (1) the need to determine the optimal sensitivity and specificity of alerts; (2) whether adaptation to the environment or characteristics of the user may improve alerts; and (3) whether modifying the timing and number of alerts will lead to improvements. We have also discussed the challenges and benefits of using naturalistic or experimental studies in the evaluation of alerts and suggested appropriate outcome measures. Conclusions We have identified critical problems in CDS, which should help to guide priorities in research to evaluate alerts. It is hoped that this will spark the next generation of novel research from which practical steps can be taken to implement changes to CDS systems that will ultimately reduce alert fatigue and improve the design of future systems. PMID:24083548

2013-01-01

487

Associations between the concurrent use of clinical decision support and computerized provider order entry and the rates of appropriate prescribing at discharge  

PubMed Central

Introduction Electronic health record systems used in conjunction with clinical decision support (CDS) or computerized provider order entry (CPOE) have shown potential in improving quality of care, yet less is known about the effects of combination use of CDS and CPOE on prescribing rates at discharge. Objectives This study investigates the effectiveness of combination use of CDS and CPOE on appropriate drug prescribing rates at discharge for AMI or HF patients. Methods Combination use of CDS and CPOE is defined as hospitals self-reporting full implementation across all hospital units of CDS reminders, CDS guidelines, and CPOE. Appropriate prescribing rates of aspirin, ACEI/ARBs, or beta blockers are defined using quality measures from Hospital Compare. Multivariate linear regressions are used to test for differences in mean appropriate prescribing rates between hospitals reporting combination use of CDS and CPOE, compared to those reporting the singular use of one or the other, or the absence of both. Covariates include hospital size, region, and ownership status. Results Approximately 10% of the sample reported full implementation of both CDS and CPOE, while 7% and 17% reported full use of only CPOE or only CDS, respectively. Hospitals reporting full use of CDS only reported between 0.2% (95% CI 0.04 – 1.0) and 1.6% (95% CI 0.6 – 2.6) higher appropriate prescribing rates compared to hospitals reporting use of neither system. Rates of prescribing by hospitals reporting full use of both CPOE and CDS did not significantly differ from the control group. Conclusions Although associations found between full implementation of CDS and appropriate prescribing rates suggest that clinical decision tools are sufficient compared to basic EHR systems in improving prescribing at discharge, the modest differences raise doubt about the clinical relevance of the findings. Future studies need to continue investigating the causal nature and clinical relevance of these associations. PMID:23646071

Patterson, M.E.; Marken, P.A.; Simon, S.D.; Hackman, J.L.; Schaefer, R.S.

2012-01-01

488

Relationships between Child Behavior Problems and Family Functioning: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research examining the relationship between family functioning and child behavior problems. Focuses on parenting styles, intergenerational relationships, family structure, and family interaction patterns. Finds that child behavior problems are related to a lack of parental support, an imbalanced parent- child relationship, a lack of…

van As, N. M. C.; Janssens, J. M. A. M.

2002-01-01

489

ICDP Approach to Awareness-Raising about Children's Rights and Preventing Violence, Child Abuse, and Neglect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2011, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued the General Comment No. 13 on the right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence. Its Article 19 declares that "protective measures should, as appropriate, include effective procedures for the establishment of social programs to provide necessary support for the child and for…

Hundeide, Karsten; Armstrong, Nicoletta

2011-01-01

490

Rates, Patterns, and Frequency of Child Maltreatment Recurrences among Families known to CPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment is a widespread and costly social problem. A primary purpose of child maltreating reporting is to prevent its recurrence. Despite the widespread belief that the system designed to prevent its recurrence is failing miserably, little empirical data are actually compiled to support this contention. This article reviews available research on the rates, patterns, and frequency of child maltreatment

Diane DePanfilis; Susan J. Zuravin

1998-01-01

491

Designing Infant Child Care Programs To Meet the Needs of Children Born to Teenage Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes successful practices and procedures for designing effective infant care programs for children born to teenage parents, including supervisory support for nurturing caregiver-child relationships, continuous staff training in infant development, low teacher-child ratios, active parent involvement, a child development curriculum, and…

Cottrell, Barbara Hansen; DeJong, Lorraine

1999-01-01

492

Fatherhood in the Child Welfare System: Evaluation of a Pilot Project to Improve Father Involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fathers provide emotional and physical, as well as financial support to their children. However, little is known about public child welfare policies and practices related to involving fathers and fathers' families in case planning and services to children involved in child welfare services. This article reports on the results of a pilot project designed to improve child welfare principles, policies,

Diana J. English; Sherry Brummel; Priscilla Martens

2009-01-01

493

Girl Scouts Beyond Bars: Facilitating Parent-Child Contact in Correctional Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses enhanced prison visiting programs that offer support for the mother-child relationship in cases of incarcerated mothers. Highlights the Girl Scouts Beyond Bars program, which offers a solution to the problems of mother-child separation by imprisonment, traditional visiting practices, mother-child reunification, and permanency planning.…

Block, Kathleen J.; Potthast, Margaret J.

1998-01-01

494

Innovations in Child and Family Policy : Multidisciplinary Research and Perspectives on Strengthening Children and Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovations in Child and Family Policy tackles many of the common problems and challenges that are considered to be at the heart of child and family policy: family creation, economic support, childrearing, and family caregiving. This collection begins by defining child and family policy and discussing the history of this growing specialization within the social sciences. The main chapters of

Emily M. Douglas

2010-01-01

495

Two Tragic Forms of Child Sexual Abuse: Are They Often Overlooked?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The persistence and pervasiveness of two forms of child sexual abuse in particular, pornography and prostitution, undoubtedly lie in the perpetuation of societal norms that unwittingly support such tragic behaviors. Argues that the overall problem of child sexual abuse must be reconceptualized, and in-depth, long-term investigations of both child

Lemmey, Dorothy E.; Tice, Pamela Paradis

2002-01-01

496

76 FR 65927 - Certification and Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 Memorandum for...Pursuant to section 404 of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA) (title...or government-supported use of child soldiers and to ensure that no children are...

2011-10-25

497

The Role of Supervision in the Retention of Public Child Welfare Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrary to common belief, having a manageable caseload size may not be critical to the retention of child welfare MSW social workers. In this study of the retention of 765 title IV-E MSWs in public child welfare, support from supervisors emerged as a pivotal factor in employee retention. With analyses regressing retention and intent to leave public child welfare agencies,

Susan E. Jacquet; Sherrill J. Clark; Jennifer L. Morazes; Rebecca Withers

2008-01-01

498

Socio-Praxis Preferences in Teacher Preparation for Child Sexual Abuse and Its Mandatory Reporting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse and neglect, particularly child sexual abuse, is a pastoral care issue that deeply concerns all education professionals. The literature strongly supports specific training for pre-service teachers about child sexual abuse and its mandatory reporting, although few studies identify how such training should be academically structured.…

Goldman, Juliette D. G.; Grimbeek, Peter

2015-01-01

499

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

500

Parent-Child Relationships and the Management of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined dimensions of parent-child relationships as predictors of adherence to treatment and metabolic control in study of 88 children/adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Ratings of parent-child discipline, warmth, and behavioral support were not significantly associated with diabetes outcome, but parent-child conflict was…

Miller-Johnson, Shari; And Others

1994-01-01