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1

Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

Roff, Jennifer

2010-01-01

2

Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2010-01-01

3

Changing Policy, Changing Practice: Mothers' Incomes and Child Support Orders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Wisconsin divorce cases (n=3,774) before and after income-sharing guidelines were implemented relating to child support. Found that the negative impact of the mother's income on the size of child support orders has fallen substantially since the guidelines have been effective. Discusses implications. (RB)

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

1996-01-01

4

Why Doesn't She Have a Child Support Order? Personal Choice or Objective Constraint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quantitative analyses were conducted in order to examine maternal characteristics connected to the establishment of a child support order and reasons why some mothers did not have an order. Based on single-mother reports from the Current Population Survey during the 1994-1998 period, results indicated that approximately 36% of mothers eligible for…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Pouncy, Hillard

2005-01-01

5

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

6

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

7

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

8

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

9

Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

2008-01-01

10

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, Computer technology, Requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-12-29

11

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirements. 45 CFR Part 303 Child support, Grant programs...requirements. 45 CFR Part 307 Child support, Grant programs/social programs, computer technology, requirements...Assistance Programs No. 93.563, Child Support Enforcement...

2010-06-07

12

20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent  

E-print Network

2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid The student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

Rosen, Jay

13

20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent  

E-print Network

2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid One of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

Rosen, Jay

14

A Parent's Guide to Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in a question and answer format, this booklet is designed to answer parents' basic questions about how to obtain child support for their child or others' questions about how to help families get the support they need. The booklet's introduction describes what child support payments can do for a child and where parents can find help in…

Ebb, Nancy

15

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

16

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? ...been established or for whom a child support order needs to be...

2010-10-01

17

Welfare and Child Support: Complements, Not Substitutes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most states, child support paid on behalf of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants is used to offset TANF and child support administrative expenditures; this policy primarily benefits taxpayers. In contrast, Wisconsin allowed most custodial parents to keep all support paid on their behalf. This policy, which treats welfare…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Caspar, Emma

2008-01-01

18

13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

2010-01-01

19

Child Support, Child Care and Head Start Collaboration: Innovations & Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph highlights and compares approaches of six demonstration grant projects designed to promote collaboration between state Child Support Enforcement, Child Care, and Head Start programs. These demonstration grant projects were awarded to Alaska, Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, and Missouri. These three-year projects were…

Child Care Bureau, 2003

2003-01-01

20

Single Mothers and Their Child Support Receipt: How Well Is Child Support Enforcement Doing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of child support enforcement system has increased the child-support receipt rates of never-married and previously married mothers. The studies reveal that if this system were not implemented, the child-support rates would be 1-9 percentage points lower.

Sorensen, Elaine; Hill, Ariel

2004-01-01

21

The Strange Politics of Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

Christensen, Bryce

2001-01-01

22

Child Support and Welfare Caseloads. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report tests the hypothesis that strong child support collection is associated with lower welfare caseloads. It uses annual state panel data from 1980-96 to replicate previous models and incorporate the effects of child support. The primary analysis technique is fixed effects regression of welfare caseloads with welfare caseloads as the…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

23

Falling through the Cracks: Gaps in Child Support among Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines gaps in child support among welfare recipients in Wisconsin. Documented is the extent to which breakdowns at various stages--including paternity establishment, support orders, and payments--contribute to the low rate of child support receipt. Few welfare recipients are able to successfully negotiate the child support system, and mothers…

Bartfeld, Judi

2003-01-01

24

2012 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME: ________________________________________________________ UMS ID: __________________________  

E-print Network

2012 ­ 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME indicated that either you or your parent paid child support during 2011. You have been selected Name of person to whom child support was paid Name of child for whom child support was paid Support

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

25

49 CFR 22.17 - Compliance with child support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Compliance with child support obligations. 22.17 Section... § 22.17 Compliance with child support obligations. Any holder...delinquent on any obligation to pay child support arising under: (a) An...

2010-10-01

26

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...System location: National Computer Center, Social Security...Individuals owing past-due child support, as reported...Federal Case Registry of Child Support Orders (FCR...System Location: National Computer Center, Social Security...Individuals involved in child support cases in...

2011-01-05

27

Child Support Enforcement and Welfare Caseloads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual state panel data from 1980 to 1999 was examined to understand the effects of child support enforcement (CSE). However, in recent years, it has been found that the CSE among current and former welfare families are dramatically improved.

Chein-Chung Huang; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

2004-01-01

28

Child care and other support programs.  

PubMed

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a sprawling network with nearly 23,000 workers that directly serves or subsidizes care for 200,000 children every day. Child-care options available to civilians typically pale in comparison, and the military's system, embedded in a broader web of family support services, is widely considered to be a model for the nation. The military's child-care success rests on four pillars, write Major Latosha Floyd and Deborah A. Phillips. The first is certification by the military itself, including unannounced inspections to check on safety, sanitation, and general compliance with DoD rules. The second is accreditation by nationally recognized agencies, such as the National Association for the Education of Young Children. The third is a hiring policy that sets educational and other requirements for child-care workers, and the fourth is a pay scale that not only sets wages high enough to discourage the rapid turnover common in civilian child care but also rewards workers for completing additional training. Floyd and Phillips sound a few cautionary notes. For one, demand for military child care continues to outstrip the supply In particular, as National Guard and Reserve members have been activated during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the DoD has sometimes struggled to provide child care for their children. And force reductions and budget cuts are likely to force the military to make difficult choices as it seeks to streamline its child-care services in the years ahead. PMID:25518693

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A

2013-01-01

29

A New Approach to Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a social child-support program based on taxes on earnings (deductions from wages) of absent parent rather than voluntary or court-determined payments enforced by law. Summarizes principal benefits of such a system and notes that proposed system is being tried out in several Wisconsin counties now. (CJM)

Garfinkel, Irwin; Uhr, Elizabeth

1984-01-01

30

Child Support in Minnesota. KIDS COUNT Minnesota, Fall 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the child support collection system is an important source of economic support for many Minnesota children and that child support contributes significantly to children's well-being beyond providing financial benefits, this special Kids Count report examines the child support system in Minnesota. The report provides information about…

Children's Defense Fund-Minnesota, St. Paul.

31

The Child Support Program: An Investment That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support program enforces the responsibility of parents to support their children when they live apart. The child support program is jointly funded by federal and state governments under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The program collects child support for families, establishes the legal relationship between children and their…

Turetsky, Vicki

2005-01-01

32

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2013 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

33

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code of Child Support Paid in 2012 III. SIGNATURES I/We certify that all information reported on this worksheet

Pantaleone, Jim

34

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

35

Child Support Obligations and Low-Income Fathers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1994-1998 waves of the Current Population Survey--Child Support Supplement (N = 5,387), the aims of this study are to document child support obligation rates of nonresident fathers, to examine the effect of the obligation rate on child support compliance, and to calculate the trade-off between fathers' financial responsibility and…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Mincy, Ronald B.; Garfinkel, Irwin

2005-01-01

36

Paying for the Children: Parent and Employer Experience of Stage One of Australia's Child Support Scheme. Monograph No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents an evaluation of Stage One of Australia's proposed Child Support Scheme, designed to collect money owing following a court order or approved agreement for the payment of child support. Chapter 1 summarizes the major characteristics of the Child Support Scheme and the background, features, and findings of both phases of the…

Harrison, Margaret; And Others

37

Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2004-01-01

38

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

39

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

40

Health Care Coverage among Child Support-Eligible Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Survey of America's Families (a nationally representative survey of the economic, social, and health characteristics of children, adults, and their families), this paper discusses health care coverage among child support eligible children. It begins with a detailed profile of child support eligible children living with…

Aron, Laudan Y.

41

Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that a first-born child receives 20-30 more minutes of quality time each day with his or her parent than a second-born child of the same age from a similar family. The birth-order difference results from parents giving roughly equal time to each child at any point in time while the amount of…

Price, Joseph

2008-01-01

42

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

2006-01-01

43

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Bartfeld, Judi.; Cancian, Maria.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.; Meyer, Daniel R.

44

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

45

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

46

The Child of the Moral Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The consequences of Watergate for children, their education, and their ethical and moral commitment is discussed in terms of the child's development of moral judgment, and in terms of the practical issues of how values are transmitted from one generation to another. (Author/AM)

Voyat, Gilbert

1975-01-01

47

CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________  

E-print Network

CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS or the student/spouse paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child

Rosen, Jay

48

20 CFR 725.512 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent... § 725.512 Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent...certified for the support of the legally...legally dependent child, or a...

2010-04-01

49

20 CFR 410.587 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent... § 410.587 Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent...certified for the support of the legally...legally dependent child, or a...

2010-04-01

50

20 CFR 243.2 - Legal process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations. 243...process for the enforcement of child support and alimony obligations. ...of legal obligations to provide child support or to make alimony payments,...

2010-04-01

51

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2010-10-01

52

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

53

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

54

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

55

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

56

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

57

77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-12-12

58

77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-01-17

59

77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of New Computer Matching Program...

2012-12-12

60

75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of Computer Matching Program...

2010-06-03

61

75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement...Commissioner, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Notice of Computer Matching Program...

2010-05-27

62

Social support in child abuse and neglect: Support functions, sources, and contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The objective of the present paper was to examine the social support functions, sources and temporal contexts of Argentinian mothers in relation to child abuse and neglect.Method: To test the impact of social support on child abuse and neglect, a sample of 101 Argentinian mothers was drawn from the pediatric hospital. The interview contained questions regarding maternal social support

Marta Albarracin; MARTIN J. REPETTO

1997-01-01

63

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

64

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

65

Economic Inequities in Child Support: The Role of Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing numbers, divorced families with a noncustodial mother and a custodial father have received scant research attention. Our study attempts to provide some initial insight into the economic status of these families. Examining the child support obligation, we find that noncustodial mothers face a much smaller award than noncustodial fathers, both in terms of the absolute dollar amount

Kate Stirling; Thomas Aldrich

2012-01-01

66

Every Child Learning: Safe and Supportive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that students experience as safe and supportive will be more successful at promoting student achievement and developing qualities such as good character and citizenship. However, this commonsensible priority is sometimes slighted when other issues demand a school's attention. This guide identifies four core elements necessary to create and…

Learning First Alliance, Washington, DC.

67

Low-Income Fathers and Child Support: Starting Off on the Right Track. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support reform provisions within the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) have been markedly successful in improving child support enforcement efforts. Child support is an important part of the mix of supports necessary to assist welfare recipients to make the transition to work and…

Legler, Paul

68

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2010-07-01

69

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2011-07-01

70

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2014-07-01

71

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2012-07-01

72

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...divorced and has three children from that marriage. The soldier is required by a court...determinations.) The children by the previous marriage must receive $300 and the former spouse...A soldier has one child by a previous marriage. There is no court order for...

2013-07-01

73

2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and/or your spouse or your parents, if you are a dependent  

E-print Network

2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and and submit to the Office of Financial Aid. If you pay child support for a child or children, you cannot count them in the household. Please complete the chart below. Indicate $0 if no child support was paid. Name

Huang, Haiying

74

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2010-10-01

75

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

76

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2013-10-01

77

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2014-10-01

78

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

79

25 CFR 115.412 - Will child support payments be accepted for deposit into a minor's supervised account?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Will child support payments be accepted for deposit...Minors § 115.412 Will child support payments be accepted for deposit... The Secretary will not accept child support payments for deposit into a...

2010-04-01

80

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

81

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

82

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

83

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

84

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

85

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

86

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

87

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

88

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

89

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

90

5 CFR 870.803 - Child incapable of self-support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Child incapable of self-support. 870.803 Section...Beneficiary § 870.803 Child incapable of self-support. (a) When it...whether the deceased child was incapable of self-support because of a...

2010-01-01

91

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree of dissolution of marriage or of legal separation is final...owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount...

2010-04-01

92

Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office.  

E-print Network

Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office. STEP 1 (Include Area Code) Email Address STEP 2 ­ CHILD SUPPORT PAID CERTIFICATION You or your spouse, who is a member of your household, certify that child support was paid in 2012. List below the names

Champagne, Frances A.

93

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

94

Child Support Enforcement Policy and Unmarried Fathers' Employment in the Underground and Regular Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars have suggested that a negative consequence of strengthening child support enforcement is to encourage fathers to shift from regular sector to underground employment. We employ data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to investigate the relationship between the strength of child support enforcement (CSE) and levels of…

Rich, Lauren M.; Garfinkel, Irwin; Gao, Qin

2007-01-01

95

The Relationship Between Parent and Child Reports of Parental Supportiveness and Psychopathology of Sexually Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between parent and child reports of supportiveness of intrafamilially sexually abused children and levels of child psychopathology. Fifty-four intrafamilially sexually abused children completed a revised version of the Family Subscale of the Survey of Children's Social Support and the Child Assessment Schedule. Fifty-four parents completed a version of the Family Subscale of the Survey of

Lisa Avery; Carol Rippey Massat; Marta Lundy

1998-01-01

96

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Qiu, Weigang

97

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application for Federal at your college must compare information from your FAFSA with information you provide on this worksheet

Qiu, Weigang

98

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Rosen, Jay

99

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet  

E-print Network

2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free on this worksheet and with any other required documents. If there are differences, your Financial Aid Office could

Rosen, Jay

100

Employer Support for Child Care on the Rise. Status Report #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 90s, employer-supported child care has experienced the most growth in the child care arena. This article highlights the top child care organizations, including Bright Horizons, CorporateFamily Solutions, Children's Discovery Centers, and others. Employers providing care include private companies, government agencies, hospitals, and…

Neugebauer, Roger

1998-01-01

101

Backing Away from Parental Responsibility: Child Support Budget Cuts Will Unravel a Decade of Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When parents live apart, the combination of the mother's earnings (contributed directly to the household) and the father's earnings (paid through child support) help support children. The child support program is the first line of defense against poverty and public assistance costs. It is unique among other children's programs because the benefit…

Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2005

2005-01-01

102

How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

Daniel, Jerlean E.

2012-01-01

103

76 FR 67104 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division...Department is proposing to revise its civil money penalty regulations to incorporate into...both whether to assess a child labor civil money penalty and the amount of that...

2011-10-31

104

Knowledge of Child Support Policy Rules: How Little We Know. Discussion Paper No. 1297-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is surprisingly limited information on how much individuals know about the policy rules that could affect them, either in general or in evaluations of new programs. In this article we examine the level of knowledge that participants in a Wisconsin child support and welfare demonstration had about child support policy rules. We find very low…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Nam, Kisun

2005-01-01

105

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child Support Enforcement...renewal of an existing computer matching program...Counsel. Notice of Computer Matching Program, SSA With the Office of Child Support...

2012-05-08

106

77 FR 49849 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child Support Enforcement...renewal of an existing computer-matching program...Counsel. Notice of Computer Matching Program, SSA With the Office of Child Support...

2012-08-17

107

Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

108

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

109

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

110

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

111

Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know  

Microsoft Academic Search

We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

2005-01-01

112

The Effect of Child Support on Welfare Exits and Re-Entries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature on welfare dynamics has focused on the effects of recipient characteristics and state-level characteristics such as welfare benefits and economic conditions; there has been very little analysis on the effects of child support. This paper, using the 1979-1996 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, examines whether child

Huang, Chien-Chung; Kunz, James; Garfinkel, Irwin

2002-01-01

113

76 FR 30509 - Court Orders and Legal Processes Affecting Thrift Savings Plan Accounts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Families, Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), as well...shorten the time period in which child support orders and MVRA orders are payable...and Families, Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE). As a...

2011-05-26

114

Who gains, who loses from changing U.S. child support policies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the empirical and theoretical research on child support policies to assess the effects of recent changes on the well-being of women, men, and children. In addition to considering the intra-family and inter-family distributional effects of child support payments across gender, race, and income categories, the essay explores several criteria central to a feminist cost-benefit analysis. Thus, recent

Marieka M. Klawitter

1994-01-01

115

Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.  

PubMed

Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

2013-01-01

116

Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 1999. Current Population Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data on single parent families, focusing on the child support income that custodial parents reported receiving during the calendar year prior to the survey as well as other support provided, such as health insurance and non-cash support for children up to age 21 years. Data came from the April 2000 supplement to the Current…

Grall, Timothy

117

45 CFR 303.32 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...employment-related group health plan pursuant to a child support order and for whom the employer is known to...

2010-10-01

118

45 CFR 303.4 - Establishment of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...chapter. (c) Periodically review and adjust child support orders, as appropriate, in accordance...

2010-10-01

119

Falling Further Behind? Child Support Arrears and Fathers’ Labor Force Participation  

PubMed Central

This study examines how child support arrears affect fathers’ labor force participation. It relies on longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study. Findings from analyses of these data suggest that child support arrears result in declines in average weeks worked in the formal labor market in subsequent time periods. These findings are driven by the behaviors of fathers who had relatively high amounts of arrears and no income in the previous year and are mostly robust to tests for selection into no work or low levels of work by fathers. Findings also suggest that arrears obligations that are low relative to income result in increases in the probability that fathers engage in any formal work. Arrears are not statistically significantly related to informal labor force participation. This study highlights both intended and unintended consequences of the growth in arrears under current child support enforcement policies. PMID:23935220

Miller, Daniel P.; Mincy, Ronald B.

2013-01-01

120

Supportive Family Contexts: Promoting Child Well-Being and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention and intervention programmes for children at risk aim to improve child well-being and resilience. They do so using both direct and indirect strategies, intervening with children but also considering broader contextual factors (such as family dynamics). Children's subjective well-being comprises five main components (physical health,…

Newland, Lisa A.

2014-01-01

121

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

122

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

123

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

124

Effects of Support on the Attitude of the Primary Caregiver of a Child with Down Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of children with mental or physical handicaps often experience overwhelming feelings of stress and anxiety. Research indicates that support for the primary caregiver can help alleviate some stressors involved in raising a child with a handicap. This study examined how level of support affects feelings of satisfaction the primary caregiver…

Heritage, Jeannette G.; And Others

125

Welfare dynamics, support services, mothers' earnings, and child cognitive development: implications for contemporary welfare reform.  

PubMed

This prospective longitudinal study, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY; N = 614), addresses the gap in the research literature regarding the effects of welfare reform on children. Key questions addressed include whether welfare dynamics and support services relevant to welfare reform, both measured across the first 5 years of life, are associated with mothers' earnings in the 6th year and three child cognitive outcomes in the 7th and 8th years: Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) math and reading scores, and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT). Welfare dynamics are represented by total time on welfare, degree of cycling on and off welfare, and degree to which welfare and work are combined. Support services measured include three forms of child care (relative, babysitter, and center-based), as well as three forms of human capital supports (child support, job training, and education). Controlling for a range of background factors and for different patterns of welfare use across the first 5 years, small positive associations with mother's earnings were found for child support, education, and job training. Small positive associations also were found between child support and both math and reading scores. Finally positive associations of medium effect size were found between center care and both mothers' earnings and child PPVT scores. Although effect sizes are generally small, the results suggest the potential value of welfare reform approaches that emphasize long-term human capital development. Interactions between welfare dynamics and support services suggest subgroup differences. Specifically, positive effects of support services on earnings are strongest among mothers with higher levels of human capital (higher levels of work while on welfare, lower total time on welfare). Babysitter care appears to have negative effects on both reading and math scores of children whose mothers report low levels of work while on welfare. Implications for welfare reform policy are discussed. PMID:10368922

Yoshikawa, H

1999-01-01

126

Exploring controls on valley spacing in higher order fluvial channels with the CHILD Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Across a wide range of landscapes the ratio between the width of a mountain and the distance separating trunk channels exiting the mountain front (generally termed the valley spacing ratio) has been observed to be fairly constant, but the reasons for its uniformity are not well understood. Recent work also suggests that the ratio between the spacing of valleys and the characteristic length, or distance from the divide to where hillslopes transition to fluvial channels, (here termed the characteristic length ratio) is relatively constant in first order channels. We propose that the characteristic length ratio of higher order channels is a primary control on the valley spacing ratio. We explore how these ratios are linked together and the variables that may affect both of these ratios using the CHILD numerical landscape evolution model. Previous studies observed a linear relationship between valley spacing and characteristic length in first order channels, and we find that the relationship remains linear in higher order channels, demonstrating that the competition between hillslope and fluvial processes influences landscape morphology at all scales. Moreover, we also find that the characteristic length ratio for a given order channel is fairly robust and does not appear to be impacted by model initial conditions (such as initial topography) and precipitation patterns (such as orographic precipitation). For a fixed domain in our model, although the characteristic length may vary, the valley spacing ratio remains in the range observed in real landscapes. The ratio of mountain width to valley spacing remains relatively constant because the order of trunk channels varies with the characteristic length. In other words, for a given domain size (or mountain range width), a larger characteristic length can produce lower order trunk channels but with the same spacing value as higher order trunk channels with a smaller characteristic length. This competition between channel order and characteristic length may be one of the reasons why the valley spacing ratio is relatively constant across diverse natural settings. However, our model results also show that initial and boundary conditions may affect the maximum stream order in a domain, even though they do not affect valley spacing. As a result, the valley spacing ratio is more variable than the characteristic length ratio. For example, we find that more pronounced orographic precipitation patterns, or much steeper initial surfaces, can lead to more linear streams, less tributary branching and lower order trunk channels. In this case, the ratio between valley spacing and characteristic length remains the same, whereas the ratio between mountain width and valley spacing increases, but still remains within the observed range in natural landscapes. Finally, DEM analysis of three study areas supports our numerical results.

Han, J.; Gasparini, N. M.; Johnson, J. P.

2013-12-01

127

Nutrition support of the postoperative cardiac surgery child.  

PubMed

There may be a correlation in critically ill children between the accuracy of estimated energy requirement and infection, mortality, and length of stay. Historically, energy needs were estimated using predictive equations with stress factor adjustments. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence for indirect calorimetry, predictive equations, and other clinical indicators (ie, patient outcomes) to estimate energy requirements of the postoperative, critically ill, cardiac infant. Consistent with current guidelines, indirect calorimetry provides the best estimate of energy requirements for critically ill children. Predictive equations are unreliable, either over- or underestimate energy requirements, and do not take into account the metabolic changes that occur in the postoperative cardiac infant. To address the changing metabolic state throughout the course of illness, clinicians need to individualize recommendations by implementing frequent indirect calorimetry measurements at bedside. Actual energy delivery to the postoperative cardiac surgery child in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can be further hindered by many procedural and patient barriers. The provision of appropriate caloric requirements may help clinicians correct the metabolic state and promote recovery and anabolism. Therefore, optimizing nutrition intake of the postoperative, cardiac surgical child requires a paradigm shift toward individualized nutrition prescription, in the context of a PICU-specific feeding algorithm. PMID:23921299

Leong, Amanda Y; Field, Catherine J; Larsen, Bodil M

2013-10-01

128

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

2010-01-01

129

Mothers' and fathers' support for child autonomy and early school achievement.  

PubMed

Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions to children's reading and math achievement at Grade 3 (controlling for demographic variables), children's reading and math abilities at 54 months, and children's level of effortful control at 54 months and that these associations would be mediated by the level of and changes over time in children's observed self-reliance in the classroom from Grades 1 through 3. The authors found that mothers' and fathers' support for autonomy were significantly and uniquely associated with children's Grade 3 reading and math achievement with the above controls, but only for boys. For boys, the effect of mothers' support for child autonomy was mediated by higher self-reliance at Grade 1 and of fathers' support for child autonomy by greater increases in self-reliance from Grades 1 through 3. PMID:18605822

2008-07-01

130

The relationship between helplessness and the child's asthma symptoms: the role of social support.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Objectives of this study were to survey parents and children independently regarding feelings of helplessness specific to asthma and to examine the relationship between helplessness and the child's symptom-free days. Methods: Parent-child dyads (children 7-12 years) from Rochester, NY were enrolled (November 2011-August 2012) from general pediatric clinics, pulmonary clinics, an Emergency Department, and area youth and asthma programs. Assessments included demographics, symptoms, ratings of helplessness related to asthma and parent social support. A multivariate linear regression was conducted to examine the relationship between feelings of helplessness and symptoms-free days: post hoc analysis assessed the moderating role of social support. Results: Overall, 107 parent-child dyads enrolled (participation rate: 72%); 104 were included in analysis. Most children were male (58%), 7-9 years (58%) and White (46%). The child's feelings of helplessness scores were positively correlated with symptom-free days indicating less feelings of helplessness as symptom-free days increased (rs?=?0.273, p?=?0.01). In a stratified analysis, among parents who reported minimal social support (<1 sources of support), child's helplessness scores were positively correlated with symptom-free days (rs?=?0.335, p?=?0.02). Conversely, among parents reporting >2 supports, no relationship was found (rs?=?0.195, p?=?0.15). Conclusions: This study found less feelings of helplessness among children with asthma as symptom-free days increased. Social support appears to moderate this relationship; however further studies to confirm these findings are needed. PMID:25212630

Conn, Kelly M; Swanson, Dena; McQuaid, Elizabeth; Douthit, Kathryn; Fisher, Susan G

2014-09-12

131

The Relationship between Family Education and Support Services and Parent and Child Outcomes over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the use of family education and support (FES) services by examining the longitudinal trajectories of FES receipt and multiple domains of child and family functioning. Using an extant data set of more than 9,000 youth and their caregivers, results indicate that families who…

Kutash, Krista; Garraza, Lucas Godoy; Ferron, John M.; Duchnowski, Albert J.; Walrath, Christine; Green, Amy L.

2013-01-01

132

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

133

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

134

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

135

Child Support Enforcement: Incentives and Well-Being. JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public enforcement of private child support obligations transfers income from nonresident parents to resident parents (mostly mothers) or, if the mother is receiving welfare, to the state. This paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature on the effects of this transfer of income and presents new empirical evidence on the effects of stronger…

Garfinkel, Irwin; Heintze, Theresa; Huang, Chien-Chung

136

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

137

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

138

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

139

[Psychological support in response to a child's cancer].  

PubMed

Martin was five and a half when he was diagnosed with a form of ear, nose and throat cancer. His experience of the disease and its treatment fills him with terror and he has terrible temper tantrums. His parents' experience of the disease is one of isolation and the fear of his death. Psychological support enables each of them to talk about their experience and to re-establish a balance, both on an individual and family level. PMID:24761518

Houllier, Laure

2014-03-01

140

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

141

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

142

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons. PMID:23125472

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

143

Association of child care providers breastfeeding support with breastfeeding duration at 6 months.  

PubMed

Many lactating mothers participate in the workforce and have their infants cared for outside of their home, yet little is known about their child care providers' (CCPs') support of breastfeeding. This study examines the association between CCPs' breastfeeding support as reported by mothers at 3 months and mother's breastfeeding at 6 months. Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal study, followed mothers of infants via mail questionnaires almost monthly from late pregnancy throughout the first year. This study consisted of 183 mothers who breastfed and had their infant in child care at 3 months and answered 5 questions regarding CCPs' supports. Total number of CCPs' support was a summary of responses to individual items and categorized into 3 levels (0-2, 3-4, or 5 total supports). Multiple logistic regressions examined how each breastfeeding support and total number were associated with breastfeeding at 6 months. Breastfeeding at 6 months was significantly associated with CCP support to feed expressed breast milk (AOR = 4.55; 95% CI = 1.09, 18.95) and allow mothers to breastfeed at the child care place before or after work (AOR = 6.23; 95% CI = 1.33, 29.16). Compared to mothers who reported fewer than 3 total supports, mothers who reported 5 supports were 3 times as likely to be breastfeeding at 6 months (AOR = 3.00, 95% CI = 1.11, 8.13). Our findings suggest that CCPs' breastfeeding support at 3 months, particularly feeding expressed breast milk and allowing mothers to breastfeed before or after work, may help mothers maintain breastfeeding at 6 months. PMID:22706997

Batan, Marilyn; Li, Ruowei; Scanlon, Kelley

2013-05-01

144

Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment. PMID:23562083

Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

2013-01-01

145

[Map of the family social support network for the promotion of child development].  

PubMed

This descriptive, qualitative study was performed from September to November 2009, at a Family Health Strategy unit in a city in the metropolitan region of Curitiba-PR. Participants were eight families, represented by mothers, fathers and grandmothers. The study objective was to identify the family social support network for the promotion of child development, from the family's perspective. Data were collected through focal groups and subjected to content analysis. The family social support network was classified as located, consisting of 16 members distributed between the informal and formal network, established by close relationships, with a smaller level of commitment, and occasional. It is considered that the health workers' understanding regarding the role and importance of this network favors the networking proposal between members that contribute to supporting families in the promotion of child development. PMID:22576528

Alexandre, Ana Maria Cosvoski; Labronici, Liliana Maria; Maftum, Mariluci Alves; Mazza, Verônica de Azevedo

2012-04-01

146

Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother-Adult Child Relations.  

PubMed

Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother-child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers' perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers' reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers' perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J Jill; Howard, Abigail R; Pillemer, Karl

2014-04-01

147

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

148

A high order meshless method with compact support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-spite of their advantages in handling complex geometries, meshless methods have been restricted very much to applications at low spatial order, typically of the second-order. This is because the conventional meshless methods would require a very large supporting set of nodes when high-order interpolants are used, and this could pose problems for neighborhood and nodal selection in complex domains. In this work, a new meshless method is proposed for obtaining high-order approximation on a highly compact nodal set. Whereas conventional meshless methods utilize the lowest-order solution data to reconstruct the solution and its derivatives in the neighborhood of the reference node, the present method increases the usage of available information at the nodes by interpolating over nodal set of vector data. The utilization of the increased degrees of freedom and corresponding high-order information at nodes results in a significant reduction in the number of support nodes needed for solution reconstruction. High-order accuracy of up to the 6th order is demonstrated for problems in linear advection, diffusion and Poisson equation. The scheme is also applied to incompressible viscous fluid flows governed by the nonlinear system of Navier-Stokes equations. In all cases, nine support nodes (including the reference node) are used for data interpolation and spatial reconstruction.

Shyam Sundar, D.; Yeo, K. S.

2014-09-01

149

The Relationship Between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

PubMed Central

Background In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results Multiple regression analyses revealed that parenting support during the early childhood period (i.e., advice on problems specific to their child and assistance with child care responsibilities), irrespective of source, consistently predicted most dimensions of parent stress assessed during the early elementary years and contributed unique variance. General support (i.e., primarily emotional support and validation) from various sources had other, less widespread effects on parental stress. Conclusions The multi-dimensional perspective of the construct of social support that emerged suggested mechanisms mediating the relationship between support and stress and provided a framework for intervention. PMID:18507703

Guralnick, Michael J.; Hammond, Mary A.; Neville, Brian; Connor, Robert T.

2008-01-01

150

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2012-10-01

151

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2013-10-01

152

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2010-10-01

153

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2011-10-01

154

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

...condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to... 286.155 Section 286.155 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2014-10-01

155

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

156

Direct and Indirect Effects of Birth Order on Personality and Identity: Support for the Null Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors proposed that birth order affects psychosocial outcomes through differential investment from parent to child and differences in the degree of identification from child to parent. The authors conducted this study to test these 2 models. Despite the use of statistical and methodological procedures to increase sensitivity and reduce…

Dunkel, Curtis S.; Harbke, Colin R.; Papini, Dennis R.

2009-01-01

157

Maintenance payments for child support in southern Africa: using law to promote family planning.  

PubMed

This article presents some of the legal, social, cultural, and practical constraints facing women who attempt to enforce their right to maintenance (child support) payments in southern Africa. It is based on research by the Women and Law in Southern Africa Trust, a network of women who research women's legal rights in six countries: Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Statutes in all countries in the region provide that a man must support his legitimate and illegitimate children; there are, however, weaknesses in the laws on the books. The social and cultural constraints that influence the enforcement of maintenance laws include women's lack of knowledge of the law, attitudes toward child support influenced by customary law, allegations of women's abuse of maintenance payments, financial and practical problems, and fear of physical violence or other forms of retribution. Maintenance laws are relevant to family planning in that if such laws were more effectively enforced, so that the financial burden of children were more equally shared between women and men, men would have a financial stake in controlling their fertility. PMID:1412595

Armstrong, A

1992-01-01

158

Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

159

Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed. PMID:21767024

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-01-01

160

Child Support in the United States: An Uncertain and Irregular Income Source? Discussion Paper No. 1298-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all developed countries, single-parent families are particularly vulnerable to poverty. In contrast to many European countries that provide some guaranteed income support for children, the United States has emphasized private responsibility, increasingly requiring child support from the other parent. The reliance on a private approach raises…

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2005-01-01

161

The Relationship between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods: Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results: Multiple…

Guralnick, M. J.; Hammond, M. A.; Neville, B.; Connor, R. T.

2008-01-01

162

Support System of Health Professionals as Observed in the Project of Home Care For the Child With Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data acquired in personal interviews administered to physicians and nurses who participated in the first year of the Home Care for the Child with Cancer project provided descriptions of individual sources of social support. The results reveal a range of supportive mechanisms and networks within varied institutional contexts. (Author)

Gronseth, Evangeline; And Others

1981-01-01

163

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2010-01-01

164

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

2011-01-01

165

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

166

Employer Child Care Consultant Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 18 firms listed in zip code order in this directory offer consulting services on employer-supported child care to employers and communities. Inclusion in the directory does not imply an endorsement from "Child Care Information Exchange." Examples of consultants listed include Bright Horizons Family Solutions, ChildrenFirst, and New Horizon…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1999

1999-01-01

167

Making Work Pay: How To Design and Implement Financial Work Supports To Improve Family and Child Well-Being and Reduce Poverty. How-To Guide: Technical Assistance for States and Localities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to design and implement financial work supports in order to improve family and child well-being. The information provided draws heavily from the study of these three programs that increased employment and earnings while improving employment stability, boosting income, and reducing poverty: Minnesota Family Investment…

Greenberger, Debbie; Anselmi, Robert

168

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

169

Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Families: An Exploratory Study of Family Functioning, Adoptive Child's Behavior, and Familial Support Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior,…

Erich, Stephen; Leung, Patrick; Kindle, Peter; Carter, Sharon

2005-01-01

170

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

171

Child Support and Fatherhood Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts compile testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means focusing on the performance of the child support enforcement program and providing information on current child support and fatherhood proposals. Oral testimony was heard from eight invited witnesses. Three members of Congress…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

172

Special Issues in Child Care: Supporting Infants Prenatally Exposed to Drugs and Alcohol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants and children with prenatal drug exposure and/or a caregiver with a substance abuse problem participate in child care centers and homes throughout the United States. Thus, child care providers are in a position to monitor not only the need for physical, cognitive, or behavioral early intervention, but also to collaborate with parents on…

Welch, Ginger L.; Mullins, Sharon M.

2007-01-01

173

The Role of Protestant Children's Homes in Nineteenth-Century Ontario: Child Rescue or Family Support?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Children's Protection Act of 1893 introduced Ontario's first full-fledged child protection scheme. However, for half a century, children's homes had been helping disadvantaged children, and they played a key role in the evolution of an empathetic child-protection system. During the course of the nineteenth century, the provincial government had increasingly accepted responsibility for disadvantaged children and had developed legislative

Charlotte Neff

2009-01-01

174

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

175

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... the Policy Statement > What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

176

Developing Internet Communication and Peer Support in a Statewide Child Care Community for Participants in a Child Development Associate (CDA) Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation project was designed to improve communication systems among child care providers previously and currently enrolled in a statewide Child Development Associate (CDA) training program as a pilot project to promote communication among the statewide child care community as a whole. Communications systems within the CDA…

Stahl, Steven

177

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

178

Caregiving in the Philippines: a quantitative survey on adult-child caregivers' perceptions of burden, stressors, and social support.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe the present caregiving situation of Filipino adult-child caregivers (CGs) particularly aiming to identify the predictors of CG burden and to assess the effect of social support on stressors and perception of burden. A cross-sectional survey employing face-to-face interviews with 193 adult-child CGs in Davao City, Philippines, measured the perception of burden using the Cost of Care Index (CCI) by Kosberg and Cairl. Results indicated the majority were daughter CGs living with their elderly parents, who were receiving high levels of informal social support. A moderate to high level of burden perception (mean+/-S.D. score of 47.0+/-9.1) was found among respondents. CGs with higher educational attainment showed low burden perception. However, higher family income and higher State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) anxiety scores were associated with higher burden perception. Also, longer caregiving hours, a male care recipient (CR), and the presence of CR's memory and behavior problems predicted higher CG burden. The interaction between stressors and perceived burden showed that social support provided a buffering effect for CGs experiencing higher burden perception. This suggests that respite and support resources including community-based counseling and education programs to assist CGs in dealing with stress may positively contribute to reduce burden. PMID:16982103

Varona, Rachel; Saito, Tami; Takahashi, Miyako; Kai, Ichiro

2007-01-01

179

Parental Denial: A Supportive and Productive Mechanism Following Traumatic Brain Injury of a Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although denial is usually viewed as a mechanism which impedes a family's adjusting to a child's permanent disability, the mechanism may also be viewed as a family ally which contributes to recovery and positive outcomes in brain-injured children. This paper reviews several types of denial seen in clinical settings and provides examples of both…

Williams, Dennis

180

Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79  

E-print Network

, a sprawling network with nearly 23,000 workers that directly serves or subsidizes care for 200,000 children on safety, sanitation, and general compliance with DoD rules. The second is accreditation by nationally is a hiring policy that sets educational and other requirements for child- care workers, and the fourth

Rowley, Clarence W.

181

Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

Yates, Tweety

2011-01-01

182

Teachers' Views on No Child Left Behind: Support for the Principles, Concerns about the Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe teachers' views of the behavioral responses the No Child Left Behind legislation has elicited and the extent to which research reveals evidence of these responses and their effects on the distribution of student achievement. We focus on teachers' reactions to three aspects of NCLB that are particularly relevant to them: 1) the testing requirements and

Richard J. Murnane; John P. Papay

2010-01-01

183

Coping and support effects on mothers' stress responses to their child's hematopoietic stem cell transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is used as a treatment for cancer or nonmalignant hematological disorders in children. Little information is known about how an HSCT affects the mothers of these patients. The purposes of this repeated measures study were to examine the stress responses of mothers at four times during their child's hospitalization for an HSCT and to

Audrey E Nelson; Margaret Shandor Miles; Michael J Belyea

1997-01-01

184

Parenting, Parental Mental Health, and Child Functioning in Families Residing in Supportive Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term homelessness is associated with other psychosocial risk factors (e.g., adult mental illness, substance abuse, and exposure to violence). All of these factors are associated with impairments in parenting effectiveness and child adjustment, but there are very limited data investigating parenting among families who are homeless and highly mobile. In particular, there is no literature examining the relationships among observed

Abigail H. Gewirtz; David S. DeGarmo; Elizabeth J. Plowman; Gerald August; George Realmuto

2010-01-01

185

Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

2013-01-01

186

Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

1988-05-01

187

Dollars and Sense: Improving the Determination of Child Support Obligations for Low-Income Mothers, Fathers and Children. Reaching Common Ground.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Ground Project brings together individuals who work with low-income mothers and fathers to develop and advance public policy recommendations on child support and interrelated welfare and family law issues that promote effective co-parenting relationships and ensure emotional and financial support for children. This report grew out of a…

Entmacher, Joan

188

An Analysis of the Order of Acquisition of English Grammatical Morphemes in a Bilingual Child. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study of bilingual language acquisition analyzes the order of acquisition of English grammatical morphemes in a child bilingual in English and Chichewa (a Bantu lanugage of East Central Africa). The order of acquisition obtained is compared to that obtained by Brown (1973) for monolingual English speaking children and that…

Chimombo, Moira

189

77 FR 38173 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...follows: Sec. 570.65 [CORRECTED] Sec. 570.65 Occupations involving the operation of circular saws, band saws, guillotine shears, chain saws, reciprocating saws, wood chippers, and abrasive cutting discs (Order 14). [FR Doc....

2012-06-27

190

Child Support Grant access and receipt among 12-week-old infants in an urban township setting in South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Cash transfers (CTs) are increasingly used as a strategy to alleviate poverty and improve child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. The Child Support Grant (CSG) is the largest CT programme in South Africa, and on the continent, targeting poor children from birth until the age of 18 with a monthly sum of R300 (USD30). Evidence on the CSG shows that early receipt of the grant is associated with improved child health outcomes. Since its implementation, one of the major concerns about the grant has been take-up rates, particularly for younger children. This paper reports results on take-up rates for 12-week-old infants residing in an urban township in South Africa. Methods This is a descriptive study utilising data from a community-based, cluster-randomised trial which evaluated a programme providing pregnancy and post-natal home visits by community health workers to 3,494 mothers in Umlazi township, South Africa. Results At the 12-week visit, half (52%) of the mothers who had enrolled in the study had applied for the CSG on behalf of their children, while 85% of the mothers who had not applied were still planning to apply. Only 38% (1,327) of all children had received the CSG. Conclusions In this study, many mothers had not applied for the CSG in the first few months after delivery, and only a third of children had accessed the grant. Further research is needed to understand what the current barriers are that prevent mothers from applying for this important form of social protection in the early months after delivery. PMID:25160516

Zembe-Mkabile, Wanga; Doherty, Tanya; Sanders, David; Jackson, Debra

2014-01-01

191

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

192

Fostering Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Wang, Lijuan; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

193

Mothers' Emotions and Behavioral Support during Interactions with Toddlers: The Role of Child Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines mothers' support for children's interests and, specifically, emotional processes in mothers that may explain why they display different levels of support with children of different temperaments. We observed 114 mothers and their 14-27 month-old children during a laboratory interaction. Mothers rated children on three…

Bryan, Amy E.; Dix, Theodore

2009-01-01

194

Parent-Child Interaction among Latina Adolescent Mothers: The Role of Family and Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina adolescent mothers were videotaped at home interacting with their children and interviewed regarding their social support. Consistent with existing models, mothers who reported greater overall social support were more expressive across three observation tasks and more sensitive during unstructured play; in contrast, specific aspects of…

Contreras, Josefina M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Diener, Marissa L.; Brunson, Liesette

1999-01-01

195

75 FR 81684 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2011 The Sarbanes-Oxley...Act''), established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2010-12-28

196

78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2013-02-20

197

77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

2012-01-18

198

Vibrations of a simply supported beam with a fractional derivative order viscoelastic material model - Supports movement excitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents vibration analysis of a simply supported beam with a fractional order viscoelastic material model. The Bernoulli-Euler beam model is considered. The beam is excited by the supports movement. The Riemann -Liouville fractional derivative of order 0 < ? ? 1 is applied. In the first stage, the steady-state vibrations of the beam are analyzed and therefore the Riemann -Liouville fractional derivative with lower terminal at -? is assumed. This assumption simplifies solution of the fractional differential equations and enables us to directly obtain amplitude-frequency characteristics of the examined system. The characteristics are performed for various values of fractional derivative of order a and values of the Voigt material model parameters.

Freundlich, Jan

2012-11-01

199

Web-Based eHealth to Support Counseling in Routine Well-Child Care: Pilot Study of E-health4Uth Home Safety  

PubMed Central

Background Providing safety education to parents of young children is important in the prevention of unintentional injuries in or around the home. We developed a Web-based, tailored safety advice module to support face-to-face counseling in the setting of preventive youth health care (E-health4Uth home safety) in order to improve the provision of safety information for parents of young children. Objective This pilot study evaluated a Web-based, tailored safety advice module (E-health4Uth home safety) and evaluated the use of E-health4Uth home safety to support counseling in routine well-child care visits. Methods From a preventive youth health care center, 312 parents with a child aged 10-31 months were assigned to the E-health4Uth home safety condition or to the care-as-usual condition (provision of a generic safety information leaflet). All parents completed a questionnaire either via the Internet or paper-and-pencil, and parents in the E-health4Uth condition received tailored home safety advice either online or by a print that was mailed to their home. This tailored home safety advice was used to discuss the safety of their home during the next scheduled well-child visit. Parents in the care-as-usual condition received a generic safety information leaflet during the well-child visit. Results Mean age of the parents was 32.5 years (SD 5.4), 87.8% (274/312) of participants were mothers; mean age of the children was 16.9 months (SD 5.1). In the E-health4Uth condition, 38.4% (61/159) completed the online version of the questionnaire (allowing Web-based tailored safety advice), 61.6% (98/159) preferred to complete the questionnaire via paper (allowing only a hardcopy of the advice to be sent by regular mail). Parents in the E-health4Uth condition evaluated the Web-based, tailored safety advice (n=61) as easy to use (mean 4.5, SD 0.7), pleasant (mean 4.0, SD 0.9), reliable (mean 4.6, SD 0.6), understandable (mean 4.6, SD 0.5), relevant (mean 4.2, SD 0.9), and useful (mean 4.3, SD 0.8). After the well-child visit, no significant differences were found between the E-health4Uth condition and care-as-usual condition with regard to the satisfaction with the information received (n=61, P=.51). Health care professionals (n=43) rated the tailored safety advice as adequate (mean 4.0, SD 0.4) and useful (mean 3.9, SD 0.4). Conclusions Less than half of the parents accepted the invitation to complete a Web-based questionnaire to receive online tailored safety advice prior to a face-to-face consultation. Despite wide access to the Internet, most parents preferred to complete questionnaires using paper-and-pencil. In the subgroup that completed E-health4Uth home safety online, evaluations of E-health4Uth home safety were positive. However, satisfaction scores with regard to tailored safety advice were not different from those with regard to generic safety information leaflets. PMID:23611794

Vogel, Ineke; Beirens, Tinneke Monique Jozef; Kloek, Gitte Caroline; den Hertog, Paul; van der Veen, Monique Désirée; Raat, Hein

2013-01-01

200

Support Guidelines.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

201

Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

Wood, James

2011-01-01

202

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

203

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child With Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the efficacy, social validity, and durability of a positive behav- ior support (PBS) approach with the family of a girl with autism and severe problem behavior. The study was conducted across a 10-year period beginning when the child was 5 years old. A multiple baseline across family routines design evaluated the functional relationship between parent implementation of

Joseph M. Lucyshyn; Richard W. Albin; Robert H. Horner; Jane C. Mann; James A. Mann; Gina Wadsworth

2007-01-01

204

Implementation of a Culturally Appropriate Positive Behavior Support Plan with a Japanese Mother of a Child with Autism: An Experimental and Qualitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate a family-centered approach to positive behavior support (PBS) that was designed to be culturally responsive to families of diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds. A Japanese mother and a child with autism were the primary participants. Multiple research methods were used. A…

Cheremshynski, Christy; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Olson, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

205

The Impact of Child, Family, and Professional Support Characteristics on the Quality of Life in Families of Young Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families of young children with disabilities are faced with ongoing challenges that impact various aspects of family life. Given the increasing emphasis on promoting positive outcomes in these families, the overall aim of the current study was to examine the contribution of child, family, and support characteristics to the quality of…

Davis, Kate; Gavidia-Payne, Susana

2009-01-01

206

Implementing Child Care in the Family Support Act. Family Impact Seminar (Washington, D.C., May 18, 1990). Meeting Highlights and Background Briefing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of family impact seminars, the meeting described in this document was held to discuss the child care provisions of the Family Support Act (FSA). This document provides highlights of the seminar and a background briefing report prepared before the meeting. The highlights section summarizes presentations by the seminar's four…

Ooms, Theodora; Herendeen, Lisa

207

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Nonmarital and Marital Births: Does It Differ by Racial and Age Groups? JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 1979-98 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this paper investigated the effect of child support enforcement on marital and nonmarital births, noting differences by age and race. The study examined 4,715 women who were followed from 1979 to their first birth or to 1998. Data also came from various years of the…

Huang, Chien-Chung

208

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

209

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

210

Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

2006-01-01

211

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

212

Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Inattentive Behavior in a Japanese Regular Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nondisruptive problem behaviors exist to a large extent in group-oriented Japanese regular classrooms. However, many children remain untreated. We implemented an antecedent-based functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and developed a behavioral support program for a first-grade boy who exhibited inattentive behavior in a Japanese regular…

Baba, Chiharu; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2011-01-01

213

What Does Your Child Really Know? Supporting Teachers to Listen Closely to Our Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Close listening and observation of children as an alternative assessment is a powerful approach that can help balance an emphasis on standardized measurement. The tool of Reggio-inspired documentation is described for families with suggestions on how to advocate and support teachers who want to tell a story about children's learning that…

Cox Suárez, Stephanie

2014-01-01

214

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

215

Gold supported on well-ordered ceria films: nucleation, growth and morphology in CO oxidation reaction  

E-print Network

Gold supported on well-ordered ceria films: nucleation, growth and morphology in CO oxidation 603, Beijing 100080, China Received 5 December 2006; accepted 4 January 2007 Structure of gold microscopy (STM). Gold preferentially nucleates on point defects present on the terraces of the well

Gao, Hongjun

216

Supporting Information Nucleobase Orientation and Ordering in Films of Single-Stranded DNA on Gold  

E-print Network

Supporting Information Nucleobase Orientation and Ordering in Films of Single-Stranded DNA on Gold of DNA Monolayers on Gold Substrates. Polycrystalline gold films on single-crystal Si(100) wafers were used as substrates. Prior to the deposition of gold, the wafers were cleaned using a "piranha solution

Himpsel, Franz J.

217

Evaluating operations flexibility in industrial supply chains to support build-to-order initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to evaluate the implications of operations flexibility in industrial supply chains and the effect it has on supporting initiatives designed for build-to-order (BTO) manufacturing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An industrial case study is used to investigate operations flexibility and its impact on industrial supply chains. Tools used in the analysis include value stream mapping (VSM) and a

Andrew C. Lyons

2007-01-01

218

Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane  

E-print Network

Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane forecast: · Recognition in the title of all released hurricane forecast up- dates, reports and news media contacts of media hits such as: Tropics extremely quiet in Atlantic; record drought in major U.S. hurricane

219

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

220

Capacity of frontline ICDS functionaries to support caregivers on infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Gujarat, India.  

PubMed

Improved infant and young child feeding practices have the potential to improve child growth and development outcomes in India. Anganwadi Workers, the frontline government functionaries of the national nutrition supplementation programme in India, play a vital role in promoting infant and young child feeding practices in the community. The present study assessed the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge of infant and young child feeding practices, and their ability to counsel and influence caregivers regarding these practices. Eighty Anganwadi Workers from four districts of Gujarat participated in assessment centres designed to evaluate a range of competencies considered necessary for the successful promotion of infant and young child feeding practices. The results of the evaluation showed the Anganwadi Workers possessing more knowledge about infant and young child feeding practices like initiation of breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and colostrum, age of introduction of complementary foods, portion size and feeding frequency than about domains which appear to have a direct bearing on practices. A huge contrast existed between the Anganwadi Workers' knowledge and their ability to apply this in formal counselling sessions with caregivers. Inability to empathetically engage with caregivers, disregard for taking the feeding history of children, poor active listening skills and inability to provide need-based advice were pervasive during counselling. In conclusion, to ensure enhanced interaction between the Anganwadi Workers and caregivers on infant and young child feeding practices, a paradigm shift in training is required, making communication processes and counselling skills central to the training. PMID:25384724

Chaturvedi, Anuraag; Nakkeeran, N; Doshi, Minal; Patel, Ruchi; Bhagwat, Sadhana

2014-11-01

221

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment. PMID:20885797

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

222

Linking high parity and maternal and child mortality: what is the impact of lower health services coverage among higher order births?  

PubMed Central

Background A number of data sets show that high parity births are associated with higher child mortality than low parity births. The reasons for this relationship are not clear. In this paper we investigate whether high parity is associated with lower coverage of key health interventions that might lead to increased mortality. Methods We used DHS data from 10 high fertility countries to examine the relationship between parity and coverage for 8 child health intervention and 9 maternal health interventions. We also used the LiST model to estimate the effect on maternal and child mortality of the lower coverage associated with high parity births. Results Our results show a significant relationship between coverage of maternal and child health services and birth order, even when controlling for poverty. The association between coverage and parity for maternal health interventions was more consistently significant across countries all countries, while for child health interventions there were fewer overall significant relationships and more variation both between and within countries. The differences in coverage between children of parity 3 and those of parity 6 are large enough to account for a 12% difference in the under-five mortality rate and a 22% difference in maternal mortality ratio in the countries studied. Conclusions This study shows that coverage of key health interventions is lower for high parity children and the pattern is consistent across countries. This could be a partial explanation for the higher mortality rates associated with high parity. Actions to address this gap could help reduce the higher mortality experienced by high parity birth. PMID:24564721

2013-01-01

223

The Anti-Black Order of No Child Left Behind: Using Lacanian Psychoanalysis and Critical Race Theory to Examine NCLB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a period in which institutions have been refashioned to meet the demands of a complex social and political economy, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has helped to alter the public educational system. As scholars and researchers examine the material effects of NCLB, efforts to improve the educational system and its effects must also…

Wun, Connie

2014-01-01

224

Application of higher order spectral features and support vector machines for bearing faults classification.  

PubMed

Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of rolling element bearings timely and accurately are very important to ensure the reliability of rotating machinery. This paper presents a novel pattern classification approach for bearings diagnostics, which combines the higher order spectra analysis features and support vector machine classifier. The use of non-linear features motivated by the higher order spectra has been reported to be a promising approach to analyze the non-linear and non-Gaussian characteristics of the mechanical vibration signals. The vibration bi-spectrum (third order spectrum) patterns are extracted as the feature vectors presenting different bearing faults. The extracted bi-spectrum features are subjected to principal component analysis for dimensionality reduction. These principal components were fed to support vector machine to distinguish four kinds of bearing faults covering different levels of severity for each fault type, which were measured in the experimental test bench running under different working conditions. In order to find the optimal parameters for the multi-class support vector machine model, a grid-search method in combination with 10-fold cross-validation has been used. Based on the correct classification of bearing patterns in the test set, in each fold the performance measures are computed. The average of these performance measures is computed to report the overall performance of the support vector machine classifier. In addition, in fault detection problems, the performance of a detection algorithm usually depends on the trade-off between robustness and sensitivity. The sensitivity and robustness of the proposed method are explored by running a series of experiments. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve made the results more convincing. The results indicated that the proposed method can reliably identify different fault patterns of rolling element bearings based on vibration signals. PMID:25282095

Saidi, Lotfi; Ben Ali, Jaouher; Fnaiech, Farhat

2014-10-01

225

Review Paper: Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs.To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must understand

Gilad J. Kuperman; Anne M. Bobb; Thomas H. Payne; Anthony J. Avery; Tejal K. Gandhi; Gerard Burns; David C. Classen; David W. Bates

2007-01-01

226

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

227

76 FR 14110 - Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109 of the Sarbanes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2011] Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109...purposes of the securities laws, any accounting principles established by a standard...body shall be payable from an annual accounting support fee assessed and collected...

2011-03-15

228

Genome-wide gene order distances support clustering the gram-positive bacteria  

PubMed Central

Initially using 143 genomes, we developed a method for calculating the pair-wise distance between prokaryotic genomes using a Monte Carlo method to estimate the conservation of gene order. The method was based on repeatedly selecting five or six non-adjacent random orthologs from each of two genomes and determining if the chosen orthologs were in the same order. The raw distances were then corrected for gene order convergence using an adaptation of the Jukes-Cantor model, as well as using the common distance correction D? = ?ln(1-D). First, we compared the distances found via the order of six orthologs to distances found based on ortholog gene content and small subunit rRNA sequences. The Jukes-Cantor gene order distances are reasonably well correlated with the divergence of rRNA (R2 = 0.24), especially at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.2 (R2 = 0.52). Gene content is only weakly correlated with rRNA divergence (R2 = 0.04) over all distances, however, it is especially strongly correlated at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.1 (R2 = 0.67). This initial work suggests that gene order may be useful in conjunction with other methods to help understand the relatedness of genomes. Using the gene order distances in 143 genomes, the relations of prokaryotes were studied using neighbor joining and agreement subtrees. We then repeated our study of the relations of prokaryotes using gene order in 172 complete genomes better representing a wider-diversity of prokaryotes. Consistently, our trees show the Actinobacteria as a sister group to the bulk of the Firmicutes. In fact, the robustness of gene order support was found to be considerably greater for uniting these two phyla than for uniting any of the proteobacterial classes together. The results are supportive of the idea that Actinobacteria and Firmicutes are closely related, which in turn implies a single origin for the gram-positive cell. PMID:25653643

House, Christopher H.; Pellegrini, Matteo; Fitz-Gibbon, Sorel T.

2015-01-01

229

Enhancing ordering dynamics in solvent-annealed block-copolymer films by lithographic hard masks supports  

E-print Network

We studied solvent-driven ordering dynamics of block copolymer films supported by a densely cross-linked polymer network designed as organic hard mask (HM) for lithographic fabrications. The ordering of microphase separated domains at low degrees of swelling corresponding to intermediate/strong segregation regimes was found to proceed significantly faster in films on a HM layer as compared to similar block copolymer films on silicon wafers. The ten-fold enhancement of the chain mobility was evident in the dynamics of morphological phase transitions and of related process of terrace-formation on a macroscale, as well as in the degree of long-range lateral order of nanostructures. The effect is independent of the chemical structure and on the volume composition (cylinder-/ lamella-forming) of the block copolymers. In-situ ellipsometric measurements of the swelling behavior revealed a cumulative increase in 1-3 vol. % in solvent up-take by HM-block copolymer bilayer films, so that we suggest other than dilution effect reasons for the observed significant enhancement of the chain mobility in concentrated block copolymer solutions. Another beneficial effect of the HM-support is the suppression of the film dewetting which holds true even for low molecular weight homopolymer polystyrene films at high degrees of swelling. Apart from immediate technological impact in block copolymer-assisted nanolithography, our findings convey novel insight into effects of molecular architecture on polymer-solvent interactions.

Anja Stenbock-Fermor; Armin W. Knoll; Alexander Böker; Larisa Tsarkova

2014-05-13

230

Electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon as electrocatalyst and Pt catalyst support.  

PubMed

The electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon (BOMC) as an electrode material and Pt catalyst support were investigated. The BOMC was synthesized and its structure was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). More defective sites were introduced into OMC by the doping of boron. Six electroactive compounds were employed to investigate their electrochemical responses on BOMC and OMC modified glassy carbon electrodes. The BOMC, with more defective sites, exhibited high activity toward the electroactive compounds. The property of BOMC of supporting platinum nanoparticle catalyst was examined. Pt nanoparticles were loaded onto BOMC and OMC, and this was confirmed by TEM, XPS and thermogravimetric analysis. Pt nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2.62 nm were deposited on BOMC. The doping of boron into OMC facilitates the dispersion of Pt nanoparticles. Pt nanoparticles supported on BOMC (Pt-BOMC) and Pt nanoparticles supported on OMC (Pt-OMC) were electrochemically characterized. The electrocatalytic activity of Pt-BOMC toward methanol oxidation reaction was compared with that of Pt-OMC and commercial Pt-C catalyst. The results show that the electrocatalytic activity of BOMC is significantly higher than that of other used catalysts. PMID:24910045

Nsabimana, Anaclet; Bo, Xiangjie; Zhang, Yufan; Li, Mian; Han, Ce; Guo, Liping

2014-08-15

231

Unit fractions in the context of proportionality: supporting students' reasoning about the inverse order relationship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze a classroom design experiment, conducted in a fourth grade classroom, that served to explore an instructional path in which the introduction of unit fractions and supporting proportional reasoning coincide. Central to this path is the use of means of support in which the objects that unit fractions quantify are not characterized as equal-sized parts of a whole, but as entities that are always separate from a reference unit. We argue that such a path is crucial for helping students develop deep quantitative understandings of fractions, where fraction quantities are, from the very start, linked to the reciprocal and multiplicative relations that their use implies. We focus on the first part of the design experiment in which we helped the students make sense of a concept that is important for initial fraction learning and proportional reasoning, the inverse order relationship among unit fractions.

Cortina, Jose Luis; Visnovska, Jana; Zuniga, Claudia

2014-03-01

232

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

233

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

234

Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

2008-01-01

235

Highly dispersed iron oxide nanoclusters supported on ordered mesoporous SBA15: A very active catalyst for Friedel–Crafts alkylations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iron oxide supported on ordered mesoporous SBA-15 was prepared by impregnating as-synthesized SBA-15 with a methanolic solution of Fe(NO3)3·9H2O, characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 sorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and UV–vis spectroscopy. Characterization revealed that iron oxide was present as highly dispersed nanoclusters in the well-ordered mesoporous channels of SBA-15. The supported material still maintained its ordered mesoporous structure

Yinyong Sun; Stéphane Walspurger; Jean-Philippe Tessonnier; Benoît Louis; Jean Sommer

2006-01-01

236

De novo deletion of TBL1XR1 in a child with non-specific developmental delay supports its implication in intellectual disability.  

PubMed

We report on a 6-year-old child with a de novo 1.6 Mb deletion in the 3q26.31q26.32 region identified by SNP array, involving only one relevant gene: TBL1XR1. The girl shows non-specific, mild to moderate intellectual deficiency but no autistic behavior. Point mutations in TBL1XR1 have recently been implicated in three patients with intellectual disability (ID) and autistic features. Our report supports that haploinsufficiency for TBL1XR1 could be implicated in non-ASD autosomal dominant ID. PMID:24891185

Tabet, Anne-Claude; Leroy, Camille; Dupont, Céline; Serrano, Emilie; Hernandez, Karen; Gallard, Jennifer; Pouvreau, Nathalie; Gadisseux, Jean-François; Benzacken, Brigitte; Verloes, Alain

2014-09-01

237

Measuring Child Care Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care quality is not a single dimension, but rather a multidimensional characteristic of programs that support the family in its child-rearing role and programs in which children thrive developmentally, socially, cognitively, physically, and emotionally. At the regulatory and accreditation level, approaches to quality focus on group size,…

Fiene, Richard

238

Women, Work and Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

Mercer, Elizabeth

239

Photo-uncaging of Ceramides Promotes Reorganization of Liquid-Ordered Domains in Supported Lipid Bilayers  

PubMed Central

6-Bromo-7-hydroxycoumarin (Bhc)-caged ceramide (Cer) analogs were incorporated into supported lipid bilayers containing a mixture of coexisting liquid-ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) phases. The release of N-palmitoyl and N-butanoyl-D-erythro-sphingosine (C16- and C4-Cer) by photolysis of the caged Cers using long wavelength UV light was studied using a combination of atomic force microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. This approach demonstrated the ability to generate Cer with spatial and temporal control, providing an alternative method to the enzymatic generation of Cer. The generation of C16-Cer from Bhc-C16-Cer disrupted the Lo domains, with the incorporation of small fluid phase regions and the disappearance of some smaller domains. Cer-rich gel-phase domains were not observed, in contrast to results reported by either direct Cer incorporation or enzymatic Cer generation. Photorelease of C4-Cer from Bhc-C4-Cer resulted in qualitatively similar changes in bilayer morphology, with disappearance of some Lo domains and no evidence for Cer-rich gel domains, but with a smaller height difference between the ordered and disordered phases. PMID:23402522

Carter Ramirez, Daniel M.; Pitre, Spencer P.; Kim, Young Ah; Bittman, Robert; Johnston, Linda J.

2013-01-01

240

5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' HEALTH AND COUNSELING PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to Whom Does It Apply? §...

2012-01-01

241

Educational Outcomes of Children on Guardianship or Custody Orders: A Pilot Study, Stage 2. Child Welfare Series. Number 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a snapshot of the academic performance of children on guardianship/custody orders from 2003 to 2006, and changes in their performance over this period. This concludes a two-stage pilot study, the first of its kind in Australia. A considerable proportion of children on guardianship/custody orders are not meeting the national…

Hunter, Nicole; Topfer, Alex

2011-01-01

242

Emotional Support Consistency and Teacher-Child Relationships Forecast Social Competence and Problem Behaviors in Prekindergarten and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' ratings of conflict and closeness as well as observed emotional support are known predictors of children's social functioning. Consistency in emotional support represents an emerging line of research. The goal of the present study is to understand whether the relation between the consistency of teachers' emotional support

Brock, Laura L.; Curby, Timothy W.

2014-01-01

243

Presenting Results of a Search Engine for Recorded Lectures in order to Support Relevance Decisions by the User  

E-print Network

Presenting Results of a Search Engine for Recorded Lectures in order to Support Relevance Decisions for search engine interface design is to present the results in a way that supports the users in selecting engine for recorded lectures. An evaluation with different user interfaces for such a search engine

Hürst, Wolfgang

244

Clinical decision support for atypical orders: detection and warning of atypical medication orders submitted to a computerized provider order entry system.  

PubMed

The specificity of medication-related alerts must be improved to overcome the pernicious effects of alert fatigue. A systematic comparison of new drug orders to historical orders could improve alert specificity and relevance. Using historical order data from a computerized provider order entry system, we alerted physicians to atypical orders during the prescribing of five medications: calcium, clopidogrel, heparin, magnesium, and potassium. The percentage of atypical orders placed for these five medications decreased during the 92 days the alerts were active when compared to the same period in the previous year (from 0.81% to 0.53%; p=0.015). Some atypical orders were appropriate. Fifty of the 68 atypical order alerts were over-ridden (74%). However, the over-ride rate is misleading because 28 of the atypical medication orders (41%) were changed. Atypical order alerts were relatively few, identified problems with frequencies as well as doses, and had a higher specificity than dose check alerts. PMID:24253195

Woods, Allie D; Mulherin, David P; Flynn, Allen J; Stevenson, James G; Zimmerman, Christopher R; Chaffee, Bruce W

2014-01-01

245

Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

Office of Child Care, 2011

2011-01-01

246

Cardiac Health Diagnosis Using Higher Order Spectra and Support Vector Machine  

PubMed Central

The Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an important bio-signal representing the sum total of millions of cardiac cell depolarization potentials. It contains important insight into the state of health and nature of the disease afflicting the heart. Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to the regulation of the sinoatrial node, the natural pacemaker of the heart by the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. The HRV signal can be used as a base signal to observe the heart's functioning. These signals are non-linear and non-stationary in nature. So, higher order spectral (HOS) analysis, which is more suitable for non-linear systems and is robust to noise, was used. An automated intelligent system for the identification of cardiac health is very useful in healthcare technology. In this work, we have extracted seven features from the heart rate signals using HOS and fed them to a support vector machine (SVM) for classification. Our performance evaluation protocol uses 330 subjects consisting of five different kinds of cardiac disease conditions. We demonstrate a sensitivity of 90% for the classifier with a specificity of 87.93%. Our system is ready to run on larger data sets. PMID:19603098

Chua, Chua Kuang; Chandran, Vinod; Acharya, Rajendra U; Min, Lim Choo

2009-01-01

247

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

248

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

249

Child Abuse and Neglect in India.  

PubMed

India is home to the largest child population in the world, with almost 41 % of the total population under 18 y of age. The health and security of the country's children is integral to any vision for its progress and development. Doctors and health care professionals are often the first point of contact for abused and neglected children. They play a key role in detecting child abuse and neglect, provide immediate and longer term care and support to children. Despite being important stakeholders, often physicians have a limited understanding on how to protect these vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for systematic training for physicians to prevent, detect and respond to cases of child abuse and neglect in the clinical setting. The purpose of the present article is to provide an overview of child abuse and neglect from a medical assessment to a socio-legal perspective in India, in order to ensure a prompt and comprehensive multidisciplinary response to victims of child abuse and neglect. During their busy clinical practice, medical professionals can also use the telephone help line (CHILDLINE telephone 1098) to refer cases of child abuse, thus connecting them to socio-legal services. The physicians should be aware of the new legislation, Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, which requires mandatory reporting of cases of child sexual abuse, failing which they can be penalized. Moreover, doctors and allied medical professionals can help prevent child sexual abuse by delivering the message of personal space and privacy to their young patients and parents. PMID:25465678

Seth, Rajeev

2014-12-01

250

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2010-04-01

251

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2011-04-01

252

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2012-04-01

253

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

254

Child Support Enforcement: Effects of Declining Welfare Caseloads Are Beginning To Emerge. United States General Accounting Office Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a condition of receiving federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) funds, states are required to operate Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs. Families receiving TANF are required to participate in the CSE program; families not receiving TANF may also request CSE services. However, since 1994, an increasing number of states…

Hembra, Richard L.

255

For more information, contact your child's school or the SHARE office @ 607607607---763763763---337933793379 SHARESHARESHARE is a school-based project supported by Broome-Tioga BOCES, Binghamton University, and Lourdes Youth Services.  

E-print Network

---763763763---337933793379 SHARESHARESHARE is a school-based project supported by Broome-Tioga BOCES, Binghamton University, and LourdesFor more information, contact your child's school or the SHARE office @ 607607607 Youth Services. The SHARESHARESHARE Project is a federally funded program in Broome County designed

Suzuki, Masatsugu

256

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT CLEARLY IN INK. ENCLOSE $10.00 MONEY ORDER  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE CHILDLINE USE ONLYCOMPLETE SECTION I ONLY. PRINT OR PERSONAL CHECK. DATE RECEIVED BY CHILDLINE SEND TO CHILDLINE AND ABUSE REGISTRY, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC are required to keep a copy of this child abuse history record on file. Any person altering the contents

Bushman, Frederic

257

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose $10.00 money order ONLY, payable to  

E-print Network

PENNSYLVANIA CHILD ABUSE HISTORY CLEARANCE COMPLETE SECTION 1 ONLY. Print clearly in ink. Enclose. Send to CHILDLINE AND ABUSE REGISTRY, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE, P.O. BOX 8170 HARRISBURG, PA 17105 to determine whether you are listed as the perpetrator in an indicated or founded report of child abuse

Hardy, Christopher R.

258

The Efficacy of Supported Treadmill Ambulation Training to Improve Gait in a Child with a Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the number one killer of young adults in the United States. For the patient with a traumatic brain injury, the primary objective of physical therapy is to facilitate functional, physical independence. When a patient is nonambulatory or dependent in ambulation, a body weight support system may enable him or her to engage in task-specific

Mike Binet; Brian Murphy

2003-01-01

259

School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2009-01-01

260

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

261

Ordered nanoporous arrays of carbon supporting high dispersions of platinum nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanostructured carbon materials are potentially of great technological interest for the development of electronic, catalytic and hydrogen-storage systems. Here we describe a general strategy for the synthesis of highly ordered, rigid arrays of nanoporous carbon having uniform but tunable diameters (typically 6 nanometres inside and 9 nanometres outside). These structures are formed by using ordered mesoporous silicas as templates, the

Sang Hoon Joo; Seong Jae Choi; Ilwhan Oh; Juhyoun Kwak; Zheng Liu; Osamu Terasaki; Ryong Ryoo

2001-01-01

262

Child maltreatment in India.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

2013-11-01

263

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2013-07-01

264

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2014-07-01

265

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2012-07-01

266

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2010-07-01

267

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2011-07-01

268

Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support  

PubMed Central

The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs. PMID:20423545

Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

2014-01-01

269

A Linearly Convergent Linear-Time First-Order Algorithm for Support ...  

E-print Network

adopt the real number model of computation in our analysis. Key words: ... Support vector machines (SVMs) are one of the most commonly used methodologies for classification, regression, and outlier detection. Given a pair of ... which coincides with the formulation of the problem of finding the closest pair of points in.

2009-04-08

270

DOCUMENTATION TO SUPPORT FLU VACCINATION RECEIVED OUTSIDE OF THE STATE HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM IN ORDER TO  

E-print Network

DOCUMENTATION TO SUPPORT FLU VACCINATION RECEIVED OUTSIDE OF THE STATE HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM: Please indicate which option you wish to use to report your flu vaccination and provide the requested documentation. Option I: attach documentation which must include: Name of individual receiving the vaccine

Lien, Jyh-Ming

271

Obtaining Background Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child  

MedlinePLUS

... Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child Obtaining Background Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child Series Title Factsheets for Families Author(s) Child Welfare Information Gateway Year Published 2012 Email Order (Free) Print ( ...

272

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions  

MedlinePLUS

... and Interventions Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities 2012: Statistics and Interventions Email Order (Free) Print (PDF 362 ... data from Child Maltreatment 2012 , this summary presents statistics and information on child fatalities due to abuse ...

273

45 CFR 302.31 - Establishing paternity and securing support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...has been established for that spouse and the child support obligation is being enforced under the...

2010-10-01

274

Child Welfare Training in Child Psychiatry Residency: A Program Director Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study surveys child psychiatry residency program directors in order to 1) characterize child welfare training experiences for child psychiatry residents; 2) evaluate factors associated with the likelihood of program directors' endorsing the adequacy of their child welfare training; and 3) assess program directors'…

Lee, Terry G.; Cox, Julia R.; Walker, Sarah C.

2013-01-01

275

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

276

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's natural...the employee was contributing to the child's support when either: (a) A spouse's...

2010-04-01

277

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

278

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes. PMID:23755137

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean François; Taziwa, Fabian; Viñoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

279

Can computerized clinical decision support systems improve practitioners' diagnostic test ordering behavior? A decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Underuse and overuse of diagnostic tests have important implications for health outcomes and costs. Decision support technology purports to optimize the use of diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The objective of this review was to assess whether computerized clinical decision support systems (CCDSSs) are effective at improving ordering of tests for diagnosis, monitoring of disease, or monitoring of treatment. The outcome of interest was effect on the diagnostic test-ordering behavior of practitioners. Methods We conducted a decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid's EBM Reviews database, Inspec, and reference lists for eligible articles published up to January 2010. We included randomized controlled trials comparing the use of CCDSSs to usual practice or non-CCDSS controls in clinical care settings. Trials were eligible if at least one component of the CCDSS gave suggestions for ordering or performing a diagnostic procedure. We considered studies 'positive' if they showed a statistically significant improvement in at least 50% of test ordering outcomes. Results Thirty-five studies were identified, with significantly higher methodological quality in those published after the year 2000 (p = 0.002). Thirty-three trials reported evaluable data on diagnostic test ordering, and 55% (18/33) of CCDSSs improved testing behavior overall, including 83% (5/6) for diagnosis, 63% (5/8) for treatment monitoring, 35% (6/17) for disease monitoring, and 100% (3/3) for other purposes. Four of the systems explicitly attempted to reduce test ordering rates and all succeeded. Factors of particular interest to decision makers include costs, user satisfaction, and impact on workflow but were rarely investigated or reported. Conclusions Some CCDSSs can modify practitioner test-ordering behavior. To better inform development and implementation efforts, studies should describe in more detail potentially important factors such as system design, user interface, local context, implementation strategy, and evaluate impact on user satisfaction and workflow, costs, and unintended consequences. PMID:21824382

2011-01-01

280

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

281

Hybrid Coupling Mechanism in a System Supporting High Order Diffraction, Plasmonic, and Cavity Resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interactions between plasmonic and photonic modes of a cavity-coupled plasmonic crystal are studied in diffraction and diffractionless regimes, which lead us to the understanding of coherent interactions between electron plasma, higher order cavity, and diffraction modes. The strong interaction between plasmonic and photonic modes is shown to enhance as well as suppress surface plasmon resonance based on cavity phase relation. Numerical and analytical approaches are developed to accurately explain the physics of the interactions evident in their characteristic dispersion graphs. Further experimental measurements confirm the theoretical predictions.

Vázquez-Guardado, Abraham; Safaei, Alireza; Modak, Sushrut; Franklin, Daniel; Chanda, Debashis

2014-12-01

282

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

283

A Simple Widespread Computer Help Improves Nutrition Support Orders and Decreases Infection Complications in Critically Ill Patients  

PubMed Central

Aims To assess the impact of a simple computer-based decision-support system (computer help) on the quality of nutrition support orders and patients' outcome in Intensive-Care Unit (ICU). Methods This quality-improvement study was carried out in a 16-bed medical-surgical ICU in a French university hospital. All consecutive patients who stayed in ICU more than 10 days with non-oral feeding for more than 5 days were retrospectively included during two 12-month periods. Prescriptions of nutrition support were collected and compared to French national guidelines as a quality-improvement process. A computer help was constructed using a simple Excel-sheet (MicrosoftTM) to guide physicians' prescriptions according to guidelines. This computer help was displayed in computers previously used for medical orders. Physicians were informed but no systematic protocol was implemented. Patients included during the first (control group) and second period (computer help group) were compared for achievement of nutrition goals and ICU outcomes. Results The control and computer help groups respectively included 71 and 95 patients. Patients' characteristics were not significantly different between groups. In the computer help group, prescriptions achieved significantly more often 80% of nutrition goals for calorie (45% vs. 79% p<0.001) and nitrogen intake (3% vs. 37%, p<0.001). Incidence of nosocomial infections decreased significantly between the two groups (59% vs. 41%, p?=?0.03). Mortality did not significantly differ between control (21%) and computer help groups (15%, p?=?0.30). Conclusions Use of a widespread inexpensive computer help is associated with significant improvements in nutrition support orders and decreased nosocomial infections in ICU patients. This computer-help is provided in electronic supplement. PMID:23737948

Conseil, Mathieu; Carr, Julie; Molinari, Nicolas; Coisel, Yannaël; Cissé, Moussa; Belafia, Fouad; Delay, Jean-Marc; Jung, Boris; Jaber, Samir; Chanques, Gérald

2013-01-01

284

75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Computerized Tribal IV-D Systems and Office Automation. 45 CFR parts 309 and 310 apply only...do not function at the same level of automation, which is why we reiterate that electronic...enforcement actions occur in the obligor's home State. Response: We agree with...

2010-07-02

285

Technical support for digital systems technology development. Task order 1: ISP contention analysis and control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Alternatives for realizing a packet-based network switch for use on a frequency division multiple access/time division multiplexed (FDMA/TDM) geostationary communication satellite were investigated. Each of the eight downlink beams supports eight directed dwells. The design needed to accommodate multicast packets with very low probability of loss due to contention. Three switch architectures were designed and analyzed. An output-queued, shared bus system yielded a functionally simple system, utilizing a first-in, first-out (FIFO) memory per downlink dwell, but at the expense of a large total memory requirement. A shared memory architecture offered the most efficiency in memory requirements, requiring about half the memory of the shared bus design. The processing requirement for the shared-memory system adds system complexity that may offset the benefits of the smaller memory. An alternative design using a shared memory buffer per downlink beam decreases circuit complexity through a distributed design, and requires at most 1000 packets of memory more than the completely shared memory design. Modifications to the basic packet switch designs were proposed to accommodate circuit-switched traffic, which must be served on a periodic basis with minimal delay. Methods for dynamically controlling the downlink dwell lengths were developed and analyzed. These methods adapt quickly to changing traffic demands, and do not add significant complexity or cost to the satellite and ground station designs. Methods for reducing the memory requirement by not requiring the satellite to store full packets were also proposed and analyzed. In addition, optimal packet and dwell lengths were computed as functions of memory size for the three switch architectures.

Stehle, Roy H.; Ogier, Richard G.

1993-01-01

286

Attitudes toward Child Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has shown that parents of children who commit suicide receive reduced emotional support from their community. More research in the area of attitudes toward child suicide may aid professionals in helping grieving friends and families and help pinpoint areas where more education may be needed. This study examined the differences…

Ellis, Jon B.; Lane, Debra

287

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries. PMID:18672210

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

288

Cube-like ?-Fe2O3 supported on ordered multimodal porous carbon as high performance electrode material for supercapacitors.  

PubMed

Well-dispersed cube-like iron oxide (?-Fe2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) supported on ordered multimodal porous carbon (OMPC) are synthesized for the first time by a facile and efficient glycine-assisted hydrothermal route. The effect of OPMC support on growth and formation mechanism of the Fe2O3 NPs is discussed. OMPC as a supporting material plays a pivotal role of controlling the shape, size, and dispersion of the Fe2O3 NPs. As-synthesized ?-Fe2O3/OMPC composites reveal significant improvement in the performance as electrode material for supercapacitors. Compared to the bare Fe2O3 and OMPC, the composite exhibits excellent cycling stability, rate capability, and enhanced specific capacitances of 294?F?g(-1) at 1.5?A?g(-1), which is twice that of OMPC (145?F?g(-1)) and about four times higher than that of bare Fe2O3 (85?F?g(-1)). The improved electrochemical performance of the composite can be attributed to the well-defined structure, high conductivity, and hierarchical porosity of OMPC as well as the unique ?-Fe2O3 NPs with cube-like morphology well-anchored on the OMPC support, which makes the composite a promising candidate for supercapacitors. PMID:25293370

Chaudhari, Nitin K; Chaudhari, Sudeshna; Yu, Jong-Sung

2014-11-01

289

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... child treated for any bites, especially dog bites, right away. Let your child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling ... Ask your child’s doctor first if this is right for your baby. Your child’s doctor or nurse may tell you how to ...

290

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually ... Communication Other Approaches to Discipline Aggressive Behavior Talking to Your ... Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental ...

291

Order and disorder in edge-supported pure amorphous Si and pure amorphous Si on Si(001).  

SciTech Connect

We report results from an investigation into hidden anisotropy in pure fully-dense amorphous silicon. For amorphous silicon in intimate contact with a crystalline Si(001) substrate, one can reasonably expect that the interface with the substrate may impose anisotropy in the form of distorted ordering within the film. Indeed, we found four-fold periodic intensity variations, with bimodal intensity centered along the substrate c-Si < 110> directions, in the X-ray scattering from a-Si on Si(001). These well-defined intensity variations disappeared entirely in X-ray scattering from edge-supported a-Si films, where there was no detectable anisotropy.

Xie, R.; Long, G. G.; Weigand, SJ; Moss, SC; Roorda, S (X-Ray Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. of Houston); (Univ. de Montreal)

2011-07-01

292

Coupling Clinical Decision Support System with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry and their Dynamic Plugging in the Medical Workflow System  

E-print Network

This work deals with coupling Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE) and their dynamic plugging in the medical Workflow Management System (WfMS). First, in this paper we argue some existing CDSS representative of the state of the art in order to emphasize their inability to deal with coupling with CPOE and medical WfMS. The multi-agent technology is at the basis of our proposition since (i) it provides natural abstractions to deal with distribution, heterogeneity and autonomy which are inherent to the previous systems (CDSS, CPOE and medical WfMS), and (ii) it introduces powerful concepts such as organizations, goals and roles useful to describe in details the coordination of the different components involved in these systems. In this paper, we also propose a Multi-Agent System (MAS) to support the coupling CDSS with CPOE. Finally, we show how we integrate the proposed MAS in the medical workflow management system which is also based on collaborating agents

Bouzguenda, Lotfi

2012-01-01

293

Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

Office of Child Care, 2010

2010-01-01

294

20 CFR 222.54 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-grandchild or stepgrandchild adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.54 When a legally adopted child is dependent—grandchild...close of such period the child must have been living...one-half of his or her support from the employee...

2010-04-01

295

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

296

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

297

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2014-10-01

298

45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

299

Child Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Uprooted Children Threatened by Exploitation" (Bonnet); "Child of the Wind" (Roess); "At the Fishing School with the Sampaneers" (Bertrand); and "The Street Kids of Nairobi: Surviving in the City" (Goodson). (SK)

Bonnet, Michel; And Others

1994-01-01

300

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... steps to keep your children safe: Install the right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test ...

301

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes. PMID:20334720

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

302

Your child is dead.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents. SUBJECTS--150 bereaved parents, all members of the organisation, of whom 120 (80%) participated voluntarily in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Child's age; date and cause of death; details of person breaking the news and handling of the interview; time parents spent with dead child, their attitude to requests for organ donation, and follow up support received. RESULTS--122 children's deaths were described; the largest single group was due to road traffic accidents, 16 were suicides, and eight were murders. Twice as many interviews were rated as sympathetically or reasonably handled as badly or offensively handled (68 v 34). The interview ratings depended on the sensitivity and personal skills of the interviewers rather than on their previous contact or professional position; police were rated as more sympathetic than doctors and nurses. Of 109 respondents, 81 had seen their child's body, 44 of whom thought that sufficient time had been denied. Of the 28 parents who did not see the body, 17 subsequently stated their regret. In 82 parents organ donation had not been discussed. Only 16 parents recorded any follow up support from hospital staff and very few support at the time. CONCLUSIONS--The consistency of the responses suggests a serious need to revise the in service training and education of the police and health professionals in their approach to informing of death; organ donation should be discussed sensitively and parents allowed time with their dead child with fewer restrictions. PMID:1855027

Finlay, I; Dallimore, D

1991-01-01

303

Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN  

E-print Network

health issues, substance abuse, or domestic violence 5. Strategies for engaging and retaining high ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN Funding Opportunity Number: N/A Agency Services, Administration for Children, Youth and Families, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect. Area

Farritor, Shane

304

Teacher Education, Motivation, Compensation, Workplace Support, and Links to Quality of Center-Based Child Care and Teachers' Intention to Stay in the Early Childhood Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early…

Torquati, Julia C.; Raikes, Helen; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.

2007-01-01

305

Failing Our Children. How "No Child Left Behind" Undermines Quality and Equity in Education. An Accountability Model That Supports School Improvement. Summary Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Child Left Behind" (NCLB), the title of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, describes a worthy goal for this nation. Tragically, NCLB is aggravating, not solving, the real problems that cause many children to be left behind. NCLB must be overhauled if the federal government is to make a useful contribution to enhancing the…

Neill, Monty; Guisbond, Lisa; Schaeffer, Bob

2004-01-01

306

Failing Our Children. How "No Child Left Behind" Undermines Quality and Equity in Education. An Accountability Model That Supports School Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Child Left Behind" (NCLB), the title of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, describes a worthy goal for this nation. Tragically, NCLB is aggravating, not solving, the real problems that cause many children to be left behind. NCLB must be overhauled if the federal government is to make a useful contribution to enhancing the…

Neill, Monty; Guisbond, Lisa; Schaeffer, Bob

2004-01-01

307

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2010-04-01

308

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2010-04-01

309

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2014-04-01

310

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2012-04-01

311

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2011-04-01

312

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

2013-04-01

313

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2012-04-01

314

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2011-04-01

315

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2014-04-01

316

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

2013-04-01

317

45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...does not have an automated system that performs child support enforcement activities consistent with §...

2010-10-01

318

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...OCSE guideline entitled “Automated Systems for Child Support Enforcement: A Guide for States”....

2010-10-01

319

Towards a likeability framework that meets child-computer interaction & communication sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the quest for a framework that helps to research and design technology that supports fun activities of preschoolers in the home environment. We therefore review literature within Child-Computer Interaction and the Uses & Gratifications framework in Mass Communication Sciences. We propose that in order to be likeable, a product should fulfill the gratifications of the user. We

Bieke Zaman; Vero Vanden Abeele

2007-01-01

320

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... may also do the procedure using a special video camera. A surgical cut in the back is ...

321

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

322

Including Your Child  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

323

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

324

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Skip sharing on social ... Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

325

45 CFR 302.75 - Procedures for the imposition of late payment fees on noncustodial parents who owe overdue support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...must reduce its expenditures claimed under the Child Support Enforcement program by any fees collected...

2010-10-01

326

Child Labor in the 19th Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Labor in the 19th Century, from The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia, documents the lives of British child laborers through photographs, drawings, and biographies of the children, factory workers, owners, and labor reformers. The information is divided into the sections Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Life in the Factory, The Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, The Factory Acts, and Statistics. Most entries link to other relevant sections of the encyclopedia, and include quotes from individuals or primary documents. The most compelling sections of this collection detail the lives of the child laborers themselves, including first-hand accounts from the children.

327

Child and Family WebGuide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Child and Family WebGuide, formerly Child and Family News, is a new information service developed for journalists by experts affiliated with the Department of Child Development at Tufts University. CFN provides the news media with resource material on child and family topics, connecting them with background information, references, associated programs, organizational contacts, subject experts, related coverage, and synopses of potential stories. CFN is an expanding work in progress and currently offers journalists and others information on domestic violence, school violence, education beyond the classroom, and family support.

328

Self-efficacy as a mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations in low-income urban families.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to examine the role of maternal self-efficacy as a potential mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations in low-income families. We analyzed data from 432 mother-child pairs who were part of the control-group for the Nurse-Family Partnership trial in Memphis, TN. Low-income urban, mostly minority women were interviewed 12 and 24 months after their first child's birth and their child's medical records were collected from birth to 24 months. We fit linear and ordered logistic regression models to test for mediation. We also tested non-linear relationships between the dependent variable (child hospitalization) and covariates (depressive symptoms and self-efficacy). Elevated depressive symptoms (OR: 1.70; 90% CI: 1.05, 2.74) and lower maternal self-efficacy (OR: 0.674; 90% CI: 0.469, 0.970) were each associated with increased child hospitalizations. When both maternal self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were included in a single model, the depressive symptoms coefficient decreased significantly (OR decreased by 0.13, P = 0.069), supporting the hypothesis that self-efficacy serves as a mediator. A non-linear, inverse-U shaped relationship between maternal self-efficacy and child hospitalizations was supported: lower compared to higher self-efficacy was associated with more child hospitalizations (P = 0.039), but very low self-efficacy was associated with fewer hospitalizations than low self-efficacy (P = 0.028). In this study, maternal self-efficacy appears to be a mediator between maternal depression and child hospitalizations. Further research is needed to determine if interventions specifically targeting self-efficacy in depressed mothers might decrease child hospitalizations. PMID:20706866

Holland, Margaret L; Yoo, Byung-Kwang; Kitzman, Harriet; Chaudron, Linda; Szilagyi, Peter G; Temkin-Greener, Helena

2011-10-01

329

Do you know a child, adolescent, or young adult  

E-print Network

Do you know a child, adolescent, or young adult who is having difficulties in school, with peers child development and emotional and behavioral problems in youth. All assessments are low-cost and set resources in the child, family, and community to support positive development WHO PROVIDES THE SERVICES? NO

Li, X. Rong

330

Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

2005-01-01

331

Protecting Children and Supporting Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This serial "double issue" focuses on protecting children and supporting families through greater collaboration between child welfare services and family resource programs. The issue includes the featured articles: (1) "Making the Media a Constructive Force in Child Welfare" (Kathy Bonk), which discusses how the media and child welfare agencies…

Wolf, Kathy Goetz, Ed.

1997-01-01

332

Interpreting child sexual abuse: the impact of victim response.  

PubMed

There is little empirical knowledge about whether the interpretation process of child sex offenders is offense-supportive in nature and contributes to the offending process. Vignettes were developed to compare child sex offenders' and nonoffenders' interpretations of child molestation incidents after ambiguous and nonambiguous victim responses. Results showed that child sex offenders' (N = 60) interpretations did not differ from nonoffenders' (N = 40) interpretations. Overall, the more ambiguous the child responses, the more child complicity and child benefit was seen. Our results indicate that offense-supportive interpretations are not unique to child sex offenders. The mechanisms that are responsible for whether or not to commit a sexual offense should be unraveled and treated, to prevent deviant processes to be activated. PMID:25255791

Hempel, Inge Sarah; Buck, Nicole Maria Leonarda; van Marle, Hjalmar Johan Carel

2014-01-01

333

[When a child has HIV].  

PubMed

When a child is diagnosed with AIDS, the parents should seek others in the same situation to discuss their fears. Parents should discuss the situation honestly with their children and keep explanations simple. Reassure the affected child that everything possible is being done on his or her behalf. Also reassure non-affected siblings that they are not to blame and that all are loved the same, regardless of the extra attention the AIDS child will require. Siblings may help and give support to their ill brother or sister. Teach basic hygiene, such as frequent hand washing and covering of wounds, to avoid the spread of infection. Parents and pediatricians must have open dialogue. Parents need to make sure they understand instructions, and have accurate records of lab reports and diaries to discover any important changes over time. An older child may keep his own diary. Be certain to be familiar with all of the child's medications and their possible side effects. Call the doctor if there are noticeable changes in activity level, appetite, or weight. Pay attention to breathing, pain, diarrhea, skin irritations, white blotches in mouth, frequent nose bleeds, or slow development in walking, speaking or learning. Insist that the doctor provide pain medication if other remedies are not providing relief. To protect the HIV-positive child from new infections, check skin for sores, keep mouth and teeth clean, maintain a healthy diet, and plan an exercise regimen. PMID:11362436

Parks, V

1995-01-01

334

The Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence: Examining Both Neglect and Child Physical Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research supports a substantial overlap between domestic violence and child maltreatment. However, few studies examine the characteristics of families in which both domestic violence and child maltreatment are present, with most studies exploring only child physical abuse. This study examined differences in demographic characteristics, parental problems, and maltreatment characteristics for families involving physical abuse or neglect and woman battering compared

Carolyn Copps Hartley

2002-01-01

335

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2014-04-01

336

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

2013-04-01

337

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... parents feel guilty or that it is their fault when their children get ill and need this ... It is normal to have some problems with your child’s ileostomy. Some common ones are: Your child may have trouble with ...

338

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

339

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... The SLP will also help your child to learn proper speech production, including correct articulation of speech sounds. If you choose oral communication for your child, in addition to the speech language pathologist your child may also be treated by ...

340

"They're Gonna Explain to Us What Makes a Cube a Cube?" Geometrical Properties as Contingent Achievement of Sequentially Ordered Child-Centered Mathematics Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

2012-01-01

341

The sexually exploited child.  

PubMed

Sexual exploitation of children (under 14 years of age) is a common occurrence, although actual numbers are unknown. There are three major forms of sexual abuse: (1) incest, ie, sexual activity between consanguineous family members; (2) sexual assault, such as rape or molestation by adults not related to the child; and (3) habitual sexual exploitation for purposes of financial reward or perverse sexual satisfaction. Brother-sister incest has the highest incidence in the middle and upper socioeconomic levels and is probably the least damaging, psychologically, to sexual adjustment later in life. Father-daughter incest is more common in the lower socioeconomic levels and is thought to produce major disorders in the psychosexual area. Sexual assault of children, if handled supportively and with understanding by the surrounding adults, including parents, physicians, teachers, law enforcement officers, and others, can result in minimal sequelae; however, often the situation is handled with emotional reactions ranging from disgust to hysteria which result in the child's being victimized and traumatized unnecessarily. These latter situations lead to sexual acting-out in adolescence, promiscuity, perversions, or frigidity in adult sexual life. Teachers, physicians, and child welfare workers need to be attuned to the possibility to sexual abuse in the children they serve. PMID:941049

Weeks, R B

1976-07-01

342

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57...with or contributing to the support of the child at the time of his or her...with or contributing to the support of the child at one of the times shown...

2010-04-01

343

The American Child: A Cultural Studies Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased critical interest in the child as a rich and varied site of cultural inscription. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines have turned their attention to the child in order to interrogate how it comes to represent, and often codify, the prevailing ideologies of a given culture or historical period. Noting that narratives…

Levander, Caroline F., Ed.; Singley, Carol J., Ed.

344

[Child prostitution: a public health issue].  

PubMed

This article analyzes child prostitution based on a review of the literature, in order to support an approach to this problem by the field of Public Health. First, health, prostitution, and violence are discussed as categories. Prostitution has traditionally been analyzed from a medical perspective, mostly within a hygienist point of view. However, the issue is dealt with here from a different perspective. After this discussion, several aspects about the cruelty of Brazilian reality are revealed showing that prostitution among children and teenagers is a way of survival. From this angle, poverty and child prostitution are closely related, although the study concludes that the latter is not solely a consequence of the former. Over the course of the review, a number of publications on the current issue are taken into consideration in order to best contribute to the discussion of the matter. Finally, the author concludes that to confront this problem it must be considered within the family context and linked to macro-social questions. PMID:15094919

Gomes, R

1994-01-01

345

Guidance document for revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document provides guidance for the revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, ``Radioactive Waste Management.`` Technical Working Groups have been established and are responsible for writing the revised order. The Technical Working Groups will use this document as a reference for polices and procedures that have been established for the revision process. The overall intent of this guidance is to outline how the order will be revised and how the revision process will be managed. In addition, this document outlines technical issues considered for inclusion by a Department of Energy Steering Committee.

Kudera, D.E.; McMurtrey, C.D.; Meagher, B.G.

1993-04-01

346

Child Abuse Reporting Guidelines for UW-Madison Employees  

E-print Network

Child Abuse Doesn't Report Itself If you suspect something, say something Child Abuse Reporting Abuse and Neglect As a UW-Madison employee (under Wisconsin Executive Order #54), you are required to report child abuse or neglect immediately if in the course of employment you observe an incident

Sheridan, Jennifer

347

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2010-04-01

348

Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

349

20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

2013-04-01

350

The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2012-01-01

351

Infant Signs as Intervention? Promoting Symbolic Gestures for Preverbal Children in Low-Income Families Supports Responsive Parent-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gestures are a natural form of communication between preverbal children and parents which support children's social and language development; however, low-income parents gesture less frequently, disadvantaging their children. In addition to pointing and waving, children are capable of learning many symbolic gestures, known as "infant signs," if…

Vallotton, Claire D.

2012-01-01

352

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation of the A PAR Parental Intervention Programme in Portugal. Child Development and Parenting Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study attempts to investigate the effects of the Aprender em Parceria (A PAR) programme, an intervention in early childhood education and parenting support in the suburbs of Great Lisbon which aims to increase the educational achievement of disadvantaged children from birth to six-years-old. A quasi-experimental design was…

Nabuco, Maria Emília; Aguiar, Maria Stella; Costa, Cláudia; Morais, Diogo

2014-01-01

353

China's one-child policy and overweight children in the 1990s.  

PubMed

The prevalence of overweight children in China has increased, and the one-child policy has been suggested as a cause. Drawing on longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, this paper investigates the relationship between the one-child policy and overweight among young children. The policy is measured directly as local variations and indirectly as sibship composition (i.e., number of siblings, birth order and birth interval). Results suggest that overweight among preschoolers and primary school children increased in the 1990s at a slower pace than that documented in previous studies in China, and the prevalence of overweight varies by age of children and urban residence. However, while there are substantially gross differences in overweight by policy variations and sibsize (i.e., number of siblings), single children and those in strict one-child policy communities do not differ from other children, after adjusting for household and community characteristics. Thus, the policy does not seem to bear an independent relationship to child overweight risk. Hence, this analysis provides little to support the public perception that the one-child policy is associated with the rising epidemic of child overweight in transitional China. Rather the risk associated with overweight include age of children, parental body mass index (BMI), level of maternal education, local socioeconomic development, urban residence and province/region. PMID:17379370

Yang, Juhua

2007-05-01

354

Provider Feedback about Imaging Appropriateness by Using Scores from Order Entry Decision Support: Raw Rates Misclassify Outliers.  

PubMed

Purpose To determine the relevant physician- and practice-related factors that jointly affect the rate of low-utility imaging examinations (score of 1-3 out of 9) ordered by means of an order entry system that provides normative appropriateness feedback. Materials and Methods This HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board under an expedited protocol for analyzing anonymous aggregated administrative data. This is a retrospective study of approximately 250 000 consecutive scheduled outpatient advanced imaging examinations (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine) ordered by 164 primary care and 379 medical specialty physicians from 2008 to 2012. A hierarchical logistic regression model was used to identify multiple predictors of the probability that an examination received a low utility score. Physician- and practice-specific random effects were estimated to articulate (odds ratio) and quantify (intraclass correlation) interphysician variation. Results Fixed effects found to be statistically significant predictors of low-utility imaging included examination type, whether the examination was cancelled, status of the person entering the order, and the total number of examinations ordered by the clinician. Neither patient age nor sex had any effect, and there were no secular trends (year of study). The remaining amount of interphysician variation was moderate (intraclass correlation, 22%), whereas the variation between medical specialties and primary care practices was low (intraclass correlation, 5%). The estimated physician-specific effects had reliability of 70%, which makes them just suitable for identifying outliers. Conclusion The authors found that 22% of the variation in the rate of low-utility examinations is attributable to ordering providers and 5% to their specialty or clinic. © RSNA, 2014. PMID:25423147

Sistrom, Chris L; Weilburg, Jeffrey B; Dreyer, Keith J; Ferris, Timothy G

2014-11-21

355

Maternal and Child nutrition  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child nutrition Earn an advanced degree in a highly specialized field Taught #12;Courses: Nutrition During Pregnancy Lactation and Infant Nutrition Child and Adolescent Nutrition Applied Research Methods in Maternal and Child Nutrition Topics in Epidemiology of Maternal and Child

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

356

Child Care Center APPLICATION  

E-print Network

Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

Harms, Kyle E.

357

The child dream and the child transference.  

PubMed

This paper explores the symbolic meaning of dreams in which children appear with special attention to the way children in dreams symbolize the self, particularly the dependent and developing self. It is suggested that patients' growth in analysis can be monitored by observing what happens to the children in their dreams. This paper also explores the vicissitudes of the child transference, in which the patient treats the analyst as a child. An analysis is described in which the child dream and the child transference played an important role in elucidating the patient's neurotic behaviors. The author contends that the child dream and the child transference are common and clinically useful phenomena, especially important in the analysis of dependency conflicts. An additional thesis of this paper is that the child transference is most likely to be found in instances where a patient played a parental role with one of their parents during childhood. PMID:2423576

De Francisco, D

1986-01-01

358

Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. RESULTS: The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula,

Adina Mwinyi; Achim Meyer; Christoph Bleidorn; Bernhard Lieb; Thomas Bartolomaeus; Lars Podsiadlowski

2009-01-01

359

Empirical and Computational Support for Context-Dependent Representations of Serial Order: Reply to Bowers, Damian, and Davis (2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

J. S. Bowers, M. F. Damian, and C. J. Davis (2009) critiqued the computational model of serial order memory put forth in M. Botvinick and D. C. Plaut (2006), purporting to show that the model does not generalize in a way that people do. They attributed this supposed failure to the model's dependence on context-dependent representations,…

Botvinick, Matthew M.; Plaut, David C.

2009-01-01

360

Selecting a Caregiver Who Supports Breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... while you work. If you can arrange for child care at or near your office, you may be ... baby, be sure to select a caregiver or child care program that supports breastfeeding and will follow your ...

361

The Effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry and Decision Support System on Medication Errors in the Neonatal Ward: Experiences from an Iranian Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication dosing errors are frequent in neonatal wards. In an Iranian neonatal ward, a 7.5 months study was designed in three\\u000a periods to compare the effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) without and with decision support functionalities in reducing non-intercepted medication dosing errors in antibiotics and anticonvulsants.\\u000a Before intervention (Period 1), error rate was 53%, which did not significantly change

Alireza Kazemi; Johan Ellenius; Faramarz Pourasghar; Shahram Tofighi; Aref Salehi; Ali Amanati; Uno G. H. Fors

2011-01-01

362

Probing Membrane Order and Topography in Supported Lipid Bilayers by Combined Polarized Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence-Atomic Force Microscopy  

PubMed Central

Determining the local structure, dynamics, and conformational requirements for protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in membranes is critical to understanding biological processes ranging from signaling to the translocating and membranolytic action of antimicrobial peptides. We report here the application of a combined polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy-in situ atomic force microscopy platform. This platform's ability to image membrane orientational order was demonstrated on DOPC/DSPC/cholesterol model membranes containing the fluorescent membrane probe, DiI-C20 or BODIPY-PC. Spatially resolved order parameters and fluorophore tilt angles extracted from the polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy images were in good agreement with the topographical details resolved by in situ atomic force microscopy, portending use of this technique for high-resolution characterization of membrane domain structures and peptide-membrane interactions. PMID:19254557

Oreopoulos, John; Yip, Christopher M.

2009-01-01

363

Support the Kids Involved  

MedlinePLUS

... Bystanders Who Witness Bullying Support Kids Who are Bullied Listen and focus on the child . Learn what’s ... ensure that it stops. Back to top Address Bullying Behavior Parents, school staff, and organizations all have ...

364

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...obligations. 303.6 Section 303.6 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

365

45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.51 Section 302.51 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

366

45 CFR 302.80 - Medical support enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.80 Section 302.80 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

367

45 CFR 303.30 - Securing medical support information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.30 Section 303.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

368

45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.50 Section 302.50 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

369

Ordered subset linkage analysis supports a susceptibility locus for age-related macular degeneration on chromosome 16p12  

PubMed Central

Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that is responsible for the majority of central vision loss in older adults living in developed countries. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity complicate the analysis of genome-wide scans for AMD susceptibility loci. The ordered subset analysis (OSA) method is an approach for reducing heterogeneity, increasing statistical power for detecting linkage, and helping to define the most informative data set for follow-up analysis. OSA assesses the linkage evidence in subsets of potentially more homogeneous families by rank-ordering family-specific lod scores with respect to trait-associated covariates or phenotypic features. Here, we present results of incorporating five continuous covariates into our genome-wide linkage analysis of 389 microsatellite markers in 62 multiplex families: Body mass index (BMI), systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, intraocular pressure (IOP), and pack-years of cigarette smoking. Chromosome-wide significance of increases in nonparametric multipoint lod scores in covariate-defined subsets relative to the overall sample was assessed by permutation. Results Using a correction for testing multiple covariates, statistically significant lod score increases were observed for two chromosomal regions: 14q13 with a lod score of 3.2 in 28 families with average IOP ? 15.5 (p = 0.002), and 6q14 with a lod score of 1.6 in eight families with average BMI ? 30.1 (p = 0.0004). On chromosome 16p12, nominally significant lod score increases (p ? 0.05), up to a lod score of 2.9 in 32 families, were observed with several covariate orderings. While less significant, this was the only region where linkage evidence was associated with multiple clinically meaningful covariates and the only nominally significant finding when analysis was restricted to advanced forms of AMD. Families with linkage to 16p12 had higher averages of SBP, IOP and BMI and were primarily affected with neovascular AMD. For all three regions, linkage signals at or very near the peak marker have previously been reported. Conclusion Our results suggest that a susceptibility gene on chromosome 16p12 may predispose to AMD, particularly to the neovascular form, and that further research into the previously suggested association of neovascular AMD and systemic hypertension is warranted. PMID:15238159

Schmidt, Silke; Scott, William K; Postel, Eric A; Agarwal, Anita; Hauser, Elizabeth R; De La Paz, Monica A; Gilbert, John R; Weeks, Daniel E; Gorin, Michael B; Haines, Jonathan L; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A

2004-01-01

370

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

371

Child Information: Our Little Village  

E-print Network

Child Information: Our Little Village Registration Form Today's Date __ _ ____ _ ________________ Child's Last Name First Name Gender Date of Birth ________________________________ Child's Address City Number IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, SPECIFY AUTHORIZED PERSONS TO PICK UP CHILD: Name Relationship Phone Name

Escher, Christine

372

78 FR 79660 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request--Child Nutrition Database AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service...update and expand the Child Nutrition Database in support of the Healthy Hunger Free...fns.usda.gov with, ``Leone/CN Database'' in the subject line. Comments...

2013-12-31

373

75 FR 41140 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request--Child Nutrition Database AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service...update and expand the Child Nutrition Database in support of the School Meals Initiative...usda.gov with, ``Vazquez/CN Database'' in the subject line. Comments...

2010-07-15

374

Asthma - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... child's teacher The school nurse The school office Gym teachers and coaches Your child should be able ... Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma . Rockville, Md. National Heart, Lung, and ...

375

Your Child's Immunization Record  

MedlinePLUS

... from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Your Child’s Immunization Record It’s important to keep up-to-date ... vaccination by filling in the date. Record of Immunizations Date Given: Where Given: Reaction: Hepatitis B Rotavirus ...

376

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

377

SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY EXECUTIVE ORDER 1083  

E-print Network

REPORTER STATUS AND LEGAL DUTY TO REPORT CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT California law requires certain people to report known or suspected child abuse or neglect. For purposes of Executive Order 1083, which implements know or reasonably suspect has been the victim of child abuse or neglect, you must report

378

EXECUTIVE ORDER 1083 December 21, 2012  

E-print Network

AND LEGAL DUTY TO REPORT CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT California law requires certain people to report known or suspected child abuse or neglect. For purposes of Executive Order 1083, which implements California law, you or reasonably suspect has been the victim of child abuse or neglect, you must report the suspected incident

Eirinaki, Magdalini

379

Child prostitution in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central

Carmen Lau

2008-01-01

380

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... worthlessness and an abnormal or distorted view of sex. The child may become withdrawn and mistrustful of adults, and ... Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking to Your Kids about Sex #73 Self-Injury in Adolescents #00 Definition of ...

381

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

382

Child marriage in Bangladesh: trends and determinants.  

PubMed

This study examines the trends and determinants of child marriage among women aged 20-49 in Bangladesh. Data were extracted from the last six nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys conducted during 1993-2011. Simple cross-tabulation and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were adopted. According to the survey conducted in 2011, more than 75% of marriages can be categorized as child marriages. This is a decline of 10 percentage points in the prevalence of child marriage compared with the survey conducted in 1993-1994. Despite some improvements in education and other socioeconomic indicators, Bangladeshi society still faces the relentless practice of early marriage. The mean age at first marriage has increased by only 1.4 years over the last one and half decades, from 14.3 years in 1993-1994 to 15.7 years in 2011. Although the situation on risk of child marriage has improved over time, the pace is sluggish. Both the year-of-birth and year-of-marriage cohorts of women suggest that the likelihood of marrying as a child has decreased significantly in recent years. The risk of child marriage was significantly higher when husbands had no formal education or little education, and when the wives were unemployed or unskilled workers. Muslim women living in rural areas have a greater risk of child marriage. Women's education level was the single most significant negative determinant of child marriage. Thus, the variables identified as important determinants of child marriage are: education of women and their husbands, and women's occupation, place of residence and religion. Programmes to help and motivate girls to stay in school will not only reduce early marriage but will also support overall societal development. The rigid enforcement of the legal minimum age at first marriage could be critical in decreasing child marriage. PMID:24480489

Kamal, S M Mostafa; Hassan, Che Hashim; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Ying, Yang

2015-01-01

383

Comparison of Physical Child Abusers, Intrafamilial Sexual Child Abusers, and Child Neglecters  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifty subjects, including 30 physical child abusers, 15 intrafamilial sexual child abusers, 30 child neglecters, and three matched comparison groups were compared on levels of distress, unhappiness, loneliness, rigidity, negative concept of child and self, child problems, and problems from family and others. All child maltreatment groups reported elevated levels of personal distress, unhappiness, loneliness, and rigidity.

JOEL S. MILNER; KEVIN R. ROBERTSON

1990-01-01

384

Providing Child Care to Military Families: The Role of the Demand Formula in Defining Need and Informing Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to meeting the need for child care among military families. DoD supports the largest employer-sponsored system of high-quality child care in the country. Through accredited child development centers (CDCs), family child care (FCC) homes, youth centers, and other after-school programs, DoD currently…

Moini, Joy S.; Zellman, Gail L.; Gates, Susan M.

2006-01-01

385

Child protection: A 50-year perspective.  

PubMed

It has been 50 years since Kempe et al. published 'The Battered Child Syndrome', describing harm from inflicted injury mechanisms derived from parents and care givers. Since then, there has emerged a rapidly expanding literature on paediatric forensic medicine and child protection, which has offered new insights into injury mechanisms, informed us of the sequelae of abuse and neglect, aided diagnosis and guided clinical practice in the treatment and management of children who become involved in the child protection system. Through the scrutiny of government inquiries and at times uncomfortable media exposure, there have been improvements in child protection and forensic practices resulting in recognition of need for specialised forensic training, improved funding, development of resources and development of professional standards that support accountable, objective, safe and robust practice. From the perspective of an Australian child protection paediatrician, this paper chronicles some of the most significant and at times controversial research in the last 50 years in child protection that have played a key role in shaping our current understanding of child abuse and neglect. PMID:25534472

Skellern, Catherine Yvette

2015-01-01

386

Mother-child emotion communication and childhood anxiety symptoms.  

PubMed

This study examined whether several aspects of emotion communication in mother-child dyads relate to child anxiety symptoms. Mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication were coded based on videotaped mother-child interactions in a sample of 87 ten- to twelve-year olds, and children reported on their anxiety symptoms. Mothers of more anxious children were less supportive in that they engaged more in psychologically controlling behaviours designed to manipulate the child's emotional state, exhibited less warmth and interest in the child, and were less elaborative during conversations about an emotionally negative event. Further, more anxious children showed greater affect intensity and lower congruency of emotions and behaviours, and were less engaged in the conversation. Examining the role of child gender did not change the results significantly. Mother and child emotion communication behaviours each explained significant variance in child anxiety. The results showed that how mothers and children approached emotion-related conversations is important for child anxiety, and highlighted the need to consider mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication in assessment and interventions with anxious children. PMID:24892717

Brumariu, Laura E; Kerns, Kathryn A

2015-04-01

387

[Child and family in China].  

PubMed

In 1949, China's population numbered 540 million, which has doubled by 1994. Since the 1960s, the growth rate has been halved to 1.2% a year as a result of family planning and administrative measures. In 1981, the marriage law was released that abolished arranged marriage by the parents, and stressed the equality of the sexes, the legitimate rights of women and children, and monogamy. Family planning and the concept of the one-child family was also endorsed with strong controls on second births and the prohibition of third births. The means were late marriage (the combined age of the couple should reach 50 years), contractual birth allotments from the danwei, state quotas, and one-child certificates facilitating the acquisition of an apartment. Other measures were legal abortion and contraception (sterilization, oral contraceptives, and gossypol for men). In 1982, among the Chinese aged over 15, the majority were married with 0.59% divorced. An average of 20 million children are born in China annually. Children are cared for in day care centers or kindergartens as well as by grandparents. The former are located in factories, companies, and schools and are cost-free for employees. Other day care centers and kindergartens are run by committees in cities and villages supported by the state. The Confucian concept of raising children commands respect for the old and love of the children, who also fall under the attention of the danwei, a traditional community force. This principle subjects individualism to the group. The mother-child contact is reinforced by carrying the child on the back especially in rural areas. The one-child family promoted by the state has the drawbacks of overblown egotism and deficient socialization. In the cities 95% of first grade pupils are single children. PMID:8011469

Witte, A

1994-06-01

388

The Role of Supported Joint Engagement and Parent Utterances in Language and Social Communication Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between three parent-child engagement states and social communication, expressive language, and receptive language at 8 month follow-up, in 63 preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorder. We extend the literature on supported joint engagement by dividing this state into higher order (HSJE) and lower order

Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Yoder, Paul J.; Hochman, Julia M.; Watson, Linda R.

2014-01-01

389

[How to discuss death with a dying child: can a story help?].  

PubMed

Is it necessary--and possible--to discuss death with a terminally ill child? How should one approach the subject? A recent Swedish study demonstrates the benefits for parents who discuss with their child his or her imminent death, and examines the ways in which caregivers can help such parents. The mother of one child treated in our unit recently wrote a story 48 hours before her child's death. The story served to broach a number of questions often raised by dying children and their families: fear of the unknown, of being replaced, the inevitability of death, grief and fear of being forgotten... Since 2004, the story has been given to several families with dying children in our unit. In order to evaluate the story's impact on families and to determine whether a document which stimulates dialogue should continue to be given to parents, we asked the first thirteen to fill out a questionnaire. The results confirmed that the story was experienced as something positive and that it helped parents to talk with their children. The results of our study lead us to conclude that the medical profession should lend its full support to families who wish to engage in this dialogue with their children. This study also raises many questions and should be part of a global accompaniment strategy. With our support, an illustrated story book called Falikou was published in October 2006. PMID:18819691

Auvrignon, Anne; Leverger, Guy; Lasfargues, Géraud

2008-02-01

390

Care of the abandoned child.  

PubMed

Care of abandoned children in India is discussed in terms of reasons for abandonment, the physical condition of the children, and legal categories. The options available currently are the cottage system, sponsorship programs, foster care, or adoption. Child-care and rehabilitation that may be necessary is specified as is the importance of maintaining records. The gaps in child-care are exposed. The role of nongovernmental organization (NGOs) and new legislation in closing the gaps is presented. Abandonment is usually a direct result of poverty, but it can also be caused by mental or physical handicaps or illegitimacy. The numbers of abandoned children may reach 2 million. 40-60% of abandoned infants die during monsoons and summers. The legal categories are privately abandoned, children on remand, or court-committed children. The cottage system emphasizes deinstitutionalization, but there remains a great demand for care. Sponsorship aims to strengthen the family unit to prevent abandonment. Foster care provides an alternative family substitute, but is known only theoretically. Childcare may involve instant hospitalization, care is an institution, or foster care with a suitable family. Nursery care requires discipline in hygiene, sanitation, maintenance of individual medical records, and a general cheerful atmosphere. Records are important for the child in later life and for adoption. Rehabilitation is a sociolegal process which must be done properly or it can jeopardize a child's future security. Despite the Supreme Court guidelines of 1984, there is no uniform system of adoption practices, and the child's interests are overlooked when adoptions are promoted. NGOs play an important role in making social welfare programs work. However their efforts are of limited help without government support and legislation. There is a lack of proper legislation which is outside the control of political and religious interests; e.g., Hindu law only permits adoption of one child of each sex. Malpractice exists because of the lack of uniform legislation and implementation, and restrictive and delaying tactics are just as harmful to the child. Trafficking in children to foreigners is still profitable. Suggestions include uniform and appropriate legislation, collaborative effort of NGOs and government-endorsed implementation, promotion of innovative and preventive measures to reduce abandonment, and development of an extensive program to provide safeguards against the exploitation of women. PMID:12317285

Raghunath, M

1991-01-01

391

Do family order and neighbor intervention against intimate partner violence protect children from abuse? Findings from Kathmandu.  

PubMed

Drawing on previous research on intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, and informal social control, we hypothesized relationships between child abuse severity and (1) protective informal social control of intimate partner violence (ISC_IPV) by neighbors, (2) intimate terrorism, (3) family order, and (4) the power of mothers in intimate relationships. In what we believe may be a first study of physical child abuse by parents in Nepal, we used a three stage cluster approach to draw a random sample of 300 families in Kathmandu. Random effects regression models were used to test the study hypotheses. The analyses found support for hypotheses one and two, but with an important caveat. Although observed (actual) protective ISC_IPV had the hypothesized negative association with child abuse severity, in one of our models perceived protective ISC_IPV was positively associated with child abuse severity. The models clarify that the overall direction of protective ISC_IPV appears to be negative (protective), but the positive finding is important to consider for both research and practice. A significant relationship between family order and child abuse severity was found, but the direction was negative rather than positive as in hypothesis three. Implications for neighborhood research and typological research on IPV and child maltreatment are discussed. PMID:25455214

Emery, Clifton R; Thapa, Sirjana; Do, Mi Hyang; Chan, Ko Ling

2014-10-22

392

77 FR 4734 - Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance-Stillborn Child Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2900-AO30 Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance--Stillborn Child Coverage...proposes to amend its Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) regulations in order...2900-AO30--Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance--Stillborn Child...

2012-01-31

393

Child Labor Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formed in 1989, the Child Labor Coalition is a provider of informational and educational outreach about child labor in the public and private sectors. On their website, visitors will find sections on "Child Labor in the U.S." and "Child Labor Around the World", as well as a "Photo Gallery and Media Library". The Child Labor in the U.S. section provides history, causes, and results of child labor in the U.S. Visitors will also find a link to the report "Fields of Peril - Child Labor in U.S. Agriculture", which addresses the lack of rights of child farmworkers on commercial farms. Visitors with teenagers will be interested in the "Parents' Primer: When Your Teen Works" report that emphasizes the hours of employment governed by child labor laws, and provides information on how these laws "restrict teens from working in hazardous occupations or operating dangerous machinery." The photo gallery contains several albums, including heartrending stills from the documentary "Stolen Childhoods". Visitors will see a child working at a brick kiln in India, and a Kenyan coffee plantation where children work without protective gear from pesticides or the sharp spines of the coffee plant. [KMG

394

The child and family policy divide Tensions, convergence and rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

The child and family policy divide is an analytical study of the principal areas of social policy affected by this split. It is a split that pervades family law, government planning structures for children and parents, and almost every service associated with family life, including health, education, criminal justice, financial support and child protection. Drawing on both UK and international

Clem Henricson; Andrew Bainham

395

The Economic Impact of Vermont's Child Care Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the relationship between the supply of reliable, affordable, accessible child care and the health of Vermont's economy. The child care industry is a growing part of the Vermont economy, pumping money into local communities by supporting working families, creating jobs, and generating taxes through employment and the purchase…

2002

396

Parental stress, parenting behavior and observed parent-child interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between parental stress, social support, and directly observed parenting behavior and dyadic interaction in a non-clinical sample of 26 parent-child dyads, in which the child was age five or younger. This study also explored the differential impact of various types of stress on parenting behavior and dyadic interaction, including life stress as measured by the

Katrina L Adams

2006-01-01

397

Industry and Child Care Resource Bank. Alphabetical Title Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography contains every listing available, as of the summer of 1982, in the Industry and Child Care Resource Bank located at the Boulder Child Care Support Center at 2160 Spruce Street, Boulder, Colorado. Each entry is annotated. References thought to be excellent sources of information are indicated by a star placed in the left hand…

Boulder Child Care Support Center, CO.

398

Maternal and Child Health, FY 1983. Special Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing several examples of current research efforts, this report describes the research on maternal and child health supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The Institute conducts a coordinated program of research and research training to advance knowledge related to pregnancy and maternal health,…

National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

399

Building Capacity for Trauma Intervention across Child-Serving Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants most vulnerable to trauma are often the least able to access interventions. Universal child-serving systems, such as primary pediatrics, early care and education, and the child welfare system, can offer a port of entry for millions of children annually for trauma-related supports and services. However, practitioners in these systems have…

Chinitz, Susan; Stettler, Erin M.; Giammanco, Denise; Silverman, Marian; Briggs, Rahil D.; Loeb, Joanne

2010-01-01

400

Building the Future: The Maternal and Child Health Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the role of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Training Program in planning and supporting training designed to produce state, community, university, and professional association leaders who can advocate for children and mothers and continue to effect change that saves lives and enhances health. The Maternal and Child Health…

Athey, Jean; Kavanagh, Laura; Bagley, Karen; Hutchins, Vince

401

Partners in Quality: Tools for Administrators in Child Care Settings. Standards for Quality Child Care Programs, Standards of Practice for Administrators/Directors = Partenaires pour la qualite: Outils pour les gestionnaires des divers milieux de garde d'enfants. Normes pour les services de garde de qualite, Normes professionnelles pour les gestionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Partners in Quality is a research and development project sponsored by the Canadian Child Care Federation and its affiliates to explore how child care providers, parents, and other partners can work together to support and improve quality in child care. This booklet, in both English and French, supplements a series to support child care providers…

Doherty, Gillian

402

Conflicts and child survival.  

PubMed

An overview is provided of the gravity of the problems of trauma from conflicts and effects on the health and survival of children and the relevance for India. Article 39 of the convention of the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN General Assembly is an agreement "to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation, abuse, inhuman treatment, or armed conflicts." The World Summit expanded the provision to include protecting women and children from the effects of war and to work toward preventing future conflicts. Safe corridors must be secured in order to protect children and families from surrounding war or violence. Concern for children was first indicated in the formation of UNICEF in the aftermath of World War II. Since that time, civilians, mostly women and children, have been the dominant population suffering from the effects of war. By 1991, 80% of the 20 million killed and the 80 million wounded were women and children involved in 150 conflicts. In the recent past, the Gulf War had a disastrous impact on children. Infant mortality increased from 39/1000 to 111/1000 and low birth weight rose from 5% to 12%. Child mortality of these under 5 years increased from 48/1000 to 143/1000. Another impact of armed conflicts on children is psychological trauma and detachment from emotional ties and enjoyment, and sleeplessness. Other symptoms are described. Recent action to counteract children's trauma has been taken in Kuwait, Mozambique, and Sri Lanka. Community-based programs help to identify needy children through parent and teacher education and to offer counseling. Several manuals are available on how to help children affected by war. One strategy is the establishment of a trauma center. In the Philippines, programs have been developed to involve children in therapy through drama, painting, and dance. India has experienced severe rioting, which has left many women and children orphaned. Programs need to be developed to deal with the effects on women and children. PMID:12318361

Padmanabhan, B S

1992-01-01

403

Family Child Care Providers' Perspectives regarding Effective Professional Development and Their Role in the Child Care System: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines family child care providers' perspectives regarding effective professional development and their role in the early learning and care system. Four focus groups were conducted annually for 3 years involving a total of 54 licensed family child care providers. Supportive social relationships emerged as an important dimension of…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2011-01-01

404

Child:Staff Ratios and Group Size Requirements in Child Care Licensing: A Comparison of 1989 and 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care licensing is a consumer protection responsibility of each state. Each licensing standard establishes a right that children and parents in private early care and education programs have in that state. Because each state sets its licensing standards at a level its citizens agree to support, child care differs dramatically among states.…

Wheelock Coll., Boston, MA. Center for Career Development in Early Care and Education.

405

Child Care Project. Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care Coalition has been monitoring the number of high-quality, safe, accessible, and affordable child care spaces in Pasadena, California, since 1989. In addition, the Coalition has worked to expand the availability of child care through such programs as the Northwest Child Care Trust Fund Loan Program, which offers loans to child care…

Broussard, Anne M.

406

Early Mother-Child Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

d'Agostino, Micheline

1986-01-01

407

Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application  

E-print Network

Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application To be eligible for this benefit, the child must be the biological child, adopted child, stepchild, or ward of the employee and must be the employee's dependent (see of the parent-child or guardian-ward relationship is required and must be submitted to University Human

Hanson, Stephen José

408

Child Care Cost and Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes what is known about the cost and quality of full-time child care in centers and family child care homes, and about parents' attention to quality in mak- ing child care choices. It relies primarily upon two recent studies which are among the first to collect detailed information about child care operating costs: the Cost, Quality, and Child

Suzanne W. Helburn; Carollee Howes

409

Is My Child's Appetite Normal?  

MedlinePLUS

... he or she grows. You Can Help Your Child Eat the Right Amount • Offer small portions. Let the child ask for more. • Allow enough time. This may ... bored or stressed. Slow down to eat the right amounts. When you take care of yourself, you take care of your child, too! Is My Child’s Appetite Normal?

410

Current State of Inclusion of Children with Special Needs in Child Care Programmes in One Canadian Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Access to quality child care is an important support for families with children with disabilities. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the current state of inclusion of children with special needs in child care programmes, and (2) the presence of child care staff practices and programme characteristics that support

Wiart, Lesley; Kehler, Heather; Rempel, Gwen; Tough, Suzanne

2014-01-01

411

ICDP Approach to Awareness-Raising about Children's Rights and Preventing Violence, Child Abuse, and Neglect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2011, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued the General Comment No. 13 on the right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence. Its Article 19 declares that "protective measures should, as appropriate, include effective procedures for the establishment of social programs to provide necessary support for the child and for…

Hundeide, Karsten; Armstrong, Nicoletta

2011-01-01

412

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

413

A State Call to Action: Working To End Child Abuse and Neglect in Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Massachusetts ranks in the top 10 percent among states on several key indicators of child well-being, the state's growing incidence of child maltreatment is stark and confounding. This report launches a state call to action aimed at ending child maltreatment through revising and strengthening systems to protect children, providing support

Massachusetts KIDS COUNT, Boston.

414

20 CFR 404.733 - Evidence you are the legally adopting parent or legally adopted child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...same household with the child when he or she died...what support the child was getting from any...widower had a deemed valid marriage with the insured person, evidence of that marriage—see § 404.727...as his or her adopted child, we may also ask...

2010-04-01

415

Child Care Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Child Care Challenges_, a recent report published by the Child Care and Development Division of the Children's Defense Fund, is a state-by-state analysis of the latest data "on [annual] child care costs, and supply and affordability problems facing America's low-income working families." The report is divided into 50 chapters, one for each state. Each chapter summarizes state-level data, describes the problems surrounding the availability of affordable, high-quality child care, and highlights the need for "increased state and federal investments, and greater involvement from other sectors." Chapters are between fifteen and twenty pages and are presented in .pdf format only.

1998-01-01

416

Chaos as a Social Determinant of Child Health: Reciprocal Associations?  

PubMed Central

This study informs the social determinants of child health by exploring an understudied aspect of children’s social contexts: chaos. Chaos has been conceptualized as crowded, noisy, disorganized, unpredictable settings for child development (Evans et al., 2010). We measure chaos at two levels of children’s ecological environment - the microsystem (household) and the mesosystem (work-family-child care nexus) – and at two points in early childhood (ages 3 and 5). Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3288), a study of predominantly low-income women and their partners in large US cities, we develop structural equation models that assess how maternal-rated child health (also assessed at ages 3 and 5) is associated with latent constructs of chaos, and whether there are important reciprocal effects. Autoregressive crosslagged path analysis suggest that increasing chaos (at both the household and maternal work levels) is associated with worse child health, controlling for key confounders like household economic status, family structure, and maternal health status. Child health has little effect on chaos, providing further support for the hypothesis that chaos is an important social determinant of child health in this sample of relatively disadvantaged children. This suggests child health may be improved by supporting families in ways that reduce chaos in their home and work/family environments, and that as researchers move beyond SES, race, and family structure to explore other sources of health inequalities, chaos and its proximate determinants may be a promising avenue for future research. PMID:23541250

Schmeer, Kammi K.; Taylor, Miles

2013-01-01

417

Chaos as a social determinant of child health: Reciprocal associations?  

PubMed

This study informs the social determinants of child health by exploring an understudied aspect of children's social contexts: chaos. Chaos has been conceptualized as crowded, noisy, disorganized, unpredictable settings for child development (Evans, Eckenrode, & Marcynyszyn, 2010). We measure chaos at two levels of children's ecological environment - the microsystem (household) and the mesosystem (work-family-child care nexus) - and at two points in early childhood (ages 3 and 5). Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3288), a study of predominantly low-income women and their partners in large US cities, we develop structural equation models that assess how maternal-rated child health (also assessed at ages 3 and 5) is associated with latent constructs of chaos, and whether there are important reciprocal effects. Autoregressive cross-lagged path analysis suggest that increasing chaos (at both the household and maternal work levels) is associated with worse child health, controlling for key confounders like household economic status, family structure, and maternal health status. Child health has little effect on chaos, providing further support for the hypothesis that chaos is an important social determinant of child health in this sample of relatively disadvantaged children. This suggests child health may be improved by supporting families in ways that reduce chaos in their home and work/family environments, and that as researchers move beyond SES, race, and family structure to explore other sources of health inequalities, chaos and its proximate determinants may be a promising avenue for future research. PMID:23541250

Kamp Dush, Claire M; Schmeer, Kammi K; Taylor, Miles

2013-10-01

418

Child safety from the perspective of essential needs  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: to characterize the maternal care for children under one year of age with a view to child health promotion at home. METHOD: exploratory study with qualitative data analysis, thematic mode, based on the conceptual framework of the essential needs of children, based on interviews recorded with 16 mothers. RESULTS: the analysis of the maternal narratives showed elements that facilitate the promotion of child safety: presence and involvement of the parents, constant surveillance for physical and emotional protection, experiences to stimulate child development, support networks for childcare at home; and inhibiting elements of child safety: limited perception of characteristics of child development and of children's singularities, overprotection and difficulties to set limits. CONCLUSION: the study enhances the understanding of home care in child health promotion, directing professional actions to guarantee ongoing nurturing relationships, protection, respect for individual differences, experiences appropriate to child development, limit setting and construction of stable and supportive social networks. In addition, the relevance of considering the maternal perspective in child health care is considered, as a strategy to apprehend aspects related to the attendance of the growth and development needs, particularly for child health promotion at home. PMID:25296144

de Mello, Débora Falleiros; Henrique, Nayara Cristina Pereira; Pancieri, Letícia; Veríssimo, Maria de La Ó Ramallo; Tonete, Vera Lúcia Pamplona; Malone, Mary

2014-01-01

419

Child Care for Older Kids  

MedlinePLUS

... Child Care for Older Kids Family Life Listen Child Care for Older Kids Article Body During middle childhood, ... are and what they are doing. When evaluating child care options, determine whether other family members can handle ...

420

Choosing a Child Care Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Child Care Center Family Life Listen Choosing a Child Care Center Article Body Center-based care takes place ... following questions may help you in choosing a child care center: Hours. What are the hours? What if ...

421

The Child Development Associate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an innovative national program, the Child Development Associate Program, designed to prepare a new category of child care worker--the Child Development Associate--and how this program is being implemented in Hawaii. (Editor/RK)

Flores, Daria

1976-01-01

422

Menu Variety in Mississippi Child Care Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the variety of lunch menus in licensed child care centers in Mississippi. A total of 460 lunch menus were analyzed using nutrient analysis software, and a frequency analysis showed the most commonly used foods. Found that foods used most often included white bread, sliced ham, and sausage pizza. Results support the need for nutrition…

Knight, Kathy B.; And Others

1995-01-01

423

The No Child Left Behind Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) imposes new requirements on state education systems and provides additional education funding. This article estimates education cost functions, predicts the spending required to support NCLB standards, and compares this spending with the funding available through NCLB. This analysis is conducted for Kansas and Missouri, which have similar education environments but very different

William Duncombe; Anna Lukemeyer; John Yinger

2008-01-01

424

75 FR 71521 - National Child's Day, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Through such care and guidance--and a greater effort by all to provide safe, supportive spaces for our children, free of bullying and harassment--we will unlock the promise within each child. Our children will soon stand at the helm of America and...

2010-11-24

425

Socioeconomic Status, Parenting, and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that there is near universal agreement that children from families with higher socioeconomic status (SES) have access to more of the resources needed to support their positive development than do lower SES children, this monograph examines the myriad questions remaining regarding relations among SES, parenting, and child development from a…

Bornstein, Marc H., Ed.; Bradley, Robert H., Ed.

426

The Center for Successful Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly describes Chicago's Center for Successful Child Development (CSCD), an institution aiming to prevent school failure among disadvantaged children from low-income families by providing intensive, comprehensive support services to all born since January 1, 1987 to parents residing in the six buildings of the Robert Taylor Homes…

McLaughlin, Gina Barclay; Bowie, Cecilia

427

Sexuality Following the Loss of a Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of study was to increase our understanding of sexuality and intimacy following the loss of a child. A questionnaire on intimacy and sexuality was sent to 1,027 members of the 2 major bereavement support organizations for parents who have lost children in Norway. A total of 321 (33%) were returned. In addition, 10 couples were interviewed…

Dyregrov, Atle; Gjestad, Rolf

2011-01-01

428

The Everyday Concerns of Mothers of Young Children and the Motivation to Seek Ongoing Parenting Support from Experts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother-child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the…

Murphy, Sean M.; Zweifach, Jessica; Hoffman, Leon

2012-01-01

429

How do child accidents happen?  

PubMed

This study describes how 402 child home accidents happened. It is based on home interviews of parents of children under five who attended a hospital accident and emergency department in a multi-racial area of west London. From the parents' account, the majority of these common domestic accidents--falls, poisoning, cuts, burns and scalds--happened when parental supervision was reduced, rather than because of household hazards. The implications for prevention are to give better emotional and financial support to parents rather than adopting traditional health education interventions to alter the environment. PMID:10286650

Alwash, R; McCarthy, M

1987-01-01

430

Structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr nanoparticles from a disordered to an ordered phase as a durable oxygen reduction electrocatalyst  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sluggish oxygen reduction kinetics and insufficient durability of cathode catalysts restrict the practical application of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. This study focuses on the structural transformation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr from a disordered to an ordered phase and on the effect of such structural transformation on oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and durability. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results confirm the formation of carbon-supported Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles with a mean particle size of ca. 7.2 nm. Line scanning EDX reveals that the practical Pt-Cr atomic ratio is approximately 3 : 1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results indicate that the proportion of metallic Pt increases while the binding energy of Pt 4f decreases with such structural transformation. The Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit enhanced mass and specific activities toward the ORR compared with commercial Pt/C but slightly lower mass activity than the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles. After the accelerated durability test for 5000 cycles, the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles displayed negligible decay in ORR mass activity; however the ORR mass activity on the isordered Pt3Cr alloy decreases to ca. 50%. Much enhanced durability of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles toward the ORR is definitely caused by the much higher structural and compositional stabilities of the Pt3Cr/C intermetallic nanoparticles than that of the disordered Pt3Cr/C alloy nanoparticles, suggesting that the Pt3Cr intermetallic nanoparticles may serve as highly active and durable ORR electrocatalysts for practical application.

Zou, Liangliang; Li, Jun; Yuan, Ting; Zhou, Yi; Li, Xuemei; Yang, Hui

2014-08-01

431

Lauren M. Childs Information  

E-print Network

-011-9637-5. 3. L. M. Childs, N. Held, M. Young, R. Whittaker, and J. Weitz, (2012) Multi-scale Model of CRISPR. Held, L. M. Childs, M. Davison, J. S. Weitz, R. J. Whitaker, and D. Bhaya, (2012) CRISPR-Cas systems. Weitz, Exploring the dynamics of CRISPR length: How much can a prokaryote remember about phages

Weitz, Joshua S.

432

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration in October 2013. Child Health ... 2013 . Suggested Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. ...

433

Introduction: Understanding Child Labour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores contributions from the Urban Childhood Conference for the purpose of developing the child-labor discourse further and indicating the implications of the new understandings for further research and policy development. Highlights the nine articles in this issue, which address child labor at the international level, children's viewpoints,…

Miljeteig, Per

1999-01-01

434

Child Povertyy Prevention Council  

E-print Network

the country to reduce poverty in America. The extent of poverty in Louisiana warrants this new initiative In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

Harms, Kyle E.

435

Child Povertyy Prevention Council  

E-print Network

of a growing new commitment around the country to reduce poverty in America. The extent of poverty In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

436

CHILD HEALTH USA 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

Child Health USA 2002, the thirteenth annual report on the health status and service needs of America's children is presented by the Health Resources and Services Administration's Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB). To assess the bureau's progress toward achieving its vision...

437

Child Care Resource Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Child Care Resource Materials" is an annotated bibliography of books, films, and filmstrips on various topics related to the education and development of young children. Categories include: learning activities for children; caring for children - infants through adolescents and children with special needs; parent-child relationships; day care -…

Webb, Jeanne, Comp.; Pennington, Marnee, Comp.

438

Child Wellness and Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wellness and happiness should be considered in the clinical treatment of child and adolescent psychiatry, in addition with thinking about illness. Meanwhile, various studies on child and adolescent psychiatry,which includes an article from the "Journal of Happiness Studies," are discussed.

Rettew, David C.

2009-01-01

439

Protecting the Hoosier Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are proceedings of a conference designed to provide a statewide forum for the exploration of the issues of child abuse and neglect, to maximize interdisciplinary communication as well as communication between the professional and lay communities of Indiana concerned with child protection, and to develop strategies for future coordinated…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

440

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

441

Toilet Teaching Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... crib to the bed, moving to a new house, or when your child is sick (especially if diarrhea is a factor). It may be better to postpone it until your child's environment is stable and secure. Also, while some experts recommend starting ...

442

45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.35 Section 307.35 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

443

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

444

45 CFR 302.60 - Collection of past-due support from Federal tax refunds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.60 Section 302.60 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

445

45 CFR 302.30 - Publicizing the availability of support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.30 Section 302.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

446

45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.20 Section 307.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

447

45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.102 Section 303.102 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

448

Expect the Best for Your Child's Dental Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many parents of children with special healthcare needs come upon dental care for their child out of necessity or urgency. In order to make the relationship most beneficial, the preferred way is to establish a Dental Home during the child's infancy. The Dental Home is the oral health corollary of the Medical Home concept that the American…

Casamassimo, Paul

2007-01-01

449

The Clashing of Symbols: Prelude to Child and Family Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child and family policy often has been based on mythological views of childhood and family life. Assumptions that appear empirical often instead represent normative views of how children ought to fit into the social order. The result is that child and family policy tends to reflect irrational bases and conflicting goals. Psychologists may be most helpful to policymakers in family

Gary B. Melton

1987-01-01

450

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention  

E-print Network

Creation of Dynamic Virtual Organizations for Child Abuse Prevention in the VO Breeding Environment. Child abuse is a serious problem in our society. In order to provide an adequate response, all. In this sense, our labor aims at facilitating the creation of DVOs adapted to the different abuse situations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

The Measurement of Child Poverty in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

How poverty is defined and measured has significant implications for the identification of children in need. This article evaluates the current measure of child poverty in the United States in order to gauge its appropriateness for assessing child well-being. The article begins with a brief discussion of the meaning of poverty and evaluates the history, structure, and strengths of the

Psyche Southwell

2009-01-01

452

Child prostitution in Thailand.  

PubMed

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central and South America and Asia. Of all the south-east Asian nations, the problem is most prolific in Thailand. In Thailand, there appears to be a long history of child prostitution, and this article explores the factors that underpin the Thai child sex industry and the lessons and implications that can be drawn for health care and nursing around the world. PMID:18469298

Lau, Carmen

2008-06-01

453

Foundation for Child Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foundation for Child Development \\"is a national, private philanthropy dedicated to the principle that all families should have the social and material resources to raise their children to be healthy, educated and productive members of their communities.\\" The Foundation seeks to help the disadvantaged especially, and works with families, schools, other non-profits, businesses and government. On the site, those interested in Child Development will find links to Public Policy at both the state and national level. Information about immigrant children as well as their own Child Well-Being Index. Also on the site are the archives of their in house publication \\"Learning Curve\\" where users can find articles on a plethora of topics ranging from \\"Fighting Fade-Out by advancing PK-3 Alignment\\" and \\"PK-3 Indicators available on Child Trends DataBank\\". Overall, a useful tool for students, instructors and professionals involved in Child Development.

2006-12-19

454

Furthering the understanding of parent-child relationships: A nursing scholarship review series. Part 4: Parent-child relationships at risk  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this integrative review is to synthesize nursing scholarship on parent-child relationships considered fragile because of parent/child’s chronic condition or occurrence within a risky context. Conclusions Most reviewed studies demonstrated negative effects of risk conditions on parent-child relationships and documented importance of child, parent, and contextual variables. Studies were predominately single investigations. Varying theoretical perspectives complicated interpretation. Mainly White, middle-class, and small samples limited generalizability. Important areas for further research were identified. Practice Implications Nurse researchers identified factors that may interfere with the parent-child relationship. Nurses are in a position to support families under these circumstances. PMID:20367782

Anderson, Lori S.; Riesch, Susan K.; Pridham, Karen A.; Lutz, Kristin F.; Becker, Patricia T.

2011-01-01

455

Child Outcome Measures in the Study of Child Care Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses whether there are methodological problems with child outcome measures that may contribute to the small associations between child care quality and child outcomes found in the literature. Outcome measures used in 65 studies of child care quality published between 1979 and December 2005 were examined, taking the previous review…

Zaslow, Martha; Halle, Tamara; Martin, Laurie; Cabrera, Natasha; Calkins, Julia; Pitzer, Lindsay; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

2006-01-01

456

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies Ambika Krishnakumar, Chair, 315 Irene Kehres, Director of Undergraduate Studies, 315-443-9634 The Department of Child and Family Studies healthy family and child development. Students are involved in learning both in class and field

McConnell, Terry

457

Juror Perceptions of Child Eyewitness Testimony in a Sexual Abuse Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mock child sexual abuse trial was used to study juror perceptions of child eyewitnesses. The child's age (5, 11, or 16) and level of involvement (victim or bystander) were varied across conditions in order to test their impact on juror perceptions and verdict. Results indicated a significant effect of level of involvement on the verdict;…

Holcomb, Matthew J.; Jacquin, Kristine M.

2007-01-01

458

When a Child Is Hospitalized Talking About Going to the Hospital  

E-print Network

When a Child Is Hospitalized Talking About Going to the Hospital Whether for a check or make them feel badly in order to make them feel better. Not talking with the child at all about going, or telling them too much can make the situation more difficult. Child Life Specialists At the hospital, you

Palmeri, Thomas

459

20 CFR 404.349 - When is a child living apart from me in my care?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...her other parent; (3) The child is removed from your custody...a court order; (4) The child is 16 years old or older...months; (5) You gave your right to have custody and control of the child to someone else; or...

2010-04-01

460

Community interaction and child maltreatment.  

PubMed

The way in which parents interact with their environment may have implications for their likelihood of abuse and neglect. This study examines the parent-environment relationship through community involvement and perception, using social disorganization theory. We hypothesize mothers who participate in their communities and have positive perceptions of them may be less likely to maltreat their children because of the potential protective capacity of neighborhood supports. Using information from the 5 year Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n=2991), the mother's self-reported acts of psychological and physical maltreatment and neglect are measured. A mother's community involvement index is the number of community activities a mother was involved in, and community perception is measured by two five-item Likert scales assessing perception of community collective efficacy. We analyze the relationship between community variables and each of mother's maltreatment behaviors as well as the interaction between community factors using a series of nested logistic regressions. Higher levels of community involvement are associated with lower levels of psychological aggression. More positive perception of community social control is associated with lower levels of physical assault. A moderation effect of community perception suggests that a mother's perception of her community changes the relationship between community involvement and psychological child abuse. The results provide important policy and empirical implications to build positive and supportive communities as a protective factor in child maltreatment. Getting parents involved in their communities can improve the environment in which children and families develop, and decrease the likelihood that maltreatment will occur. PMID:23981436

Kim, Bomi; Maguire-Jack, Kathryn

2013-08-24

461

Cyber child sexual exploitation.  

PubMed

A 2-year review of 285 child cyber crime cases reported in the newspaper revealed how the Internet offenders were apprehended, the content of child pornography, and crime classification. A subsample of 100 cases with data on offender occupation revealed 73% of cases involved people in positions of authority. The dynamics of child cyber crime cases direct the implications for nursing practice in terms of evidence-based suspicion for reporting, categorizing the content of Internet images, referral of children for counseling, and treatment of offenders. PMID:18822999

Burgess, Ann Wolbert; Mahoney, Meghan; Visk, Julie; Morgenbesser, Leonard

2008-09-01

462

Child universes UV regularization?  

E-print Network

It is argued that high energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling prevents these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which takes into account gravitational effects. Also child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed.

E. I. Guendelman

2007-03-26

463

Trends in Family Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents insights from various readers of "ExchangeEveryDay" regarding trends in the world of family child care. Kathleen Reticker of Acre Family Child Care in Lowell, Massachusetts thinks an increasing trend in Family Child Care is the pressure to emulate a Center, instead of seeing family child care as a different model. Over the…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

464

Early Child Care in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reviews current views on the child and its development, the nature of the compact between family and society, general planning, the family, specific programs, training of professional personnel, dissemination of information on child rearing, research on the infant and preschool child, and future prospects as they relate to child

Ziemska, Maria

1978-01-01

465

Application for Child Care Subsidy  

E-print Network

Application for Child Care Subsidy FIRST ELIGIBLE CHILD'S NAME: AGE: SEMESTER AND YEAR OF FIRST.M.A. candidates in a program in the Arts and Sciences are eligible to receive a $1,000 subsidy for each child who per eligible child per academic year, even if both parents are GSAS students. INFORMATION ON ELIGIBLE

Adams, Mark

466

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2010-04-01

467

Child Day Care Center Licensing Study, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1997 Child Care Center Licensing Study contains an update of information compiled in 1991 by the Children's Foundation. The data was obtained from the central regulatory office of each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The study is organized in alphabetical order by states and territories. The…

Children's Foundation, Washington, DC.

468

The Child Care Center Licensing Study, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compiles findings of a survey of the child care regulatory offices of the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The report begins with an introduction, definition of terms, and a question and answer summary. The bulk of the report is organized in alphabetical order by state or territory, and…

Children's Foundation, Washington, DC.

469

Linking water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments in order to support distinct aquatic ecosystems: Water quality guidelines for suspended particulate matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural characteristics of a catchment provide a template that controls the background rates of geomorphological processes operating within that catchment, which in-turn determines the background physico-chemical and hydro-morphological characteristics of the catchment's surface waters. Large differences in the natural characteristics of catchments (e.g. geology, topography, climate), lead to unique physico-chemical and hydro-morphological conditions that support unique freshwater communities. However, this uniqueness is not always recognised in international water quality guidelines, which often attempt to apply blanket water-quality guidelines to 'protect' a wide range of ecosystems. In this paper we investigate the natural characteristics that control background concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM - including nano-scale particles to sand-sized sediments), which is a well-known cause of ecological degradation. At present, the management of SPM is hampered by a lack of understanding of the SPM conditions that water quality managers should aim to achieve in contrasting environments in order to support good ecological status. To address this, in this paper we examine the SPM preferences of contrasting biological communities that are in reference condition (minimal anthropogenic disturbance and high ecological status). We analyse historical SPM data collected on a monthly basis from a wide range of reference-condition temperate environments (638 stream/river sites comprising 42 different biological community-types). This analysis reveals that there are statistically significant differences (One-way ANOVA p < 0.001) between the background SPM concentrations observed in contrasting communities that are in reference condition. Mean background SPM concentrations for contrasting communities ranged from 1.7 to 26.2 mg L-1 (i.e. more than a 15-fold difference). We propose a model for predicting environment-specific water quality guidelines for SPM. In order to develop this model, the 638 reference-condition sites were first classified into one of five mean background SPM ranges (0.00-5.99, 6.00-11.99, 12.00-17.99, 18.00-23.99 and >24.00 mg L-1). Stepwise Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA) of these ranges showed that a site's SPM range can be predicted as a function of: mean annual air temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean altitude of upstream catchment, distance from source, slope to source, channel width and depth, the percentage of catchment area comprised of clay, chalk, and hard rock solid geology, and the percentage of the catchment area comprised of blown sand/landslide material as the surface (drift) material. Although the model is still being improved and developed, this research highlights the need to link water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments and the physico-chemical preferences of the biological communities that would naturally inhabit them.

Bilotta, G. S.; Grove, M. K.; Harrison, C.; Joyce, C. B.; Peacock, C.

2012-12-01

470

On the alert: future priorities for alerts in clinical decision support for computerized physician order entry identified from a European workshop  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical decision support (CDS) for electronic prescribing systems (computerized physician order entry) should help prescribers in the safe and rational use of medicines. However, the best ways to alert users to unsafe or irrational prescribing are uncertain. Specifically, CDS systems may generate too many alerts, producing unwelcome distractions for prescribers, or too few alerts running the risk of overlooking possible harms. Obtaining the right balance of alerting to adequately improve patient safety should be a priority. Methods A workshop funded through the European Regional Development Fund was convened by the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust to assess current knowledge on alerts in CDS and to reach a consensus on a future research agenda on this topic. Leading European researchers in CDS and alerts in electronic prescribing systems were invited to the workshop. Results We identified important knowledge gaps and suggest research priorities including (1) the need to determine the optimal sensitivity and specificity of alerts; (2) whether adaptation to the environment or characteristics of the user may improve alerts; and (3) whether modifying the timing and number of alerts will lead to improvements. We have also discussed the challenges and benefits of using naturalistic or experimental studies in the evaluation of alerts and suggested appropriate outcome measures. Conclusions We have identified critical problems in CDS, which should help to guide priorities in research to evaluate alerts. It is hoped that this will spark the next generation of novel research from which practical steps can be taken to implement changes to CDS systems that will ultimately reduce alert fatigue and improve the design of future systems. PMID:24083548

2013-01-01

471

Ionic liquid based model catalysis: interaction of [BMIM][Tf2N] with Pd nanoparticles supported on an ordered alumina film.  

PubMed

Towards a better understanding of novel catalytic materials consisting of supported noble metal catalysts modified by an ionic liquid (IL) film, we have performed a study under ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) conditions. The model surface consists of Pd nanoparticles grown in UHV on an ordered alumina film on NiAl(110). Thin films of the room temperature IL 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [BMIM][Tf(2)N] are deposited onto this surface by means of physical vapor deposition (PVD). The interaction of the IL with clean and CO-covered Pd/Al(2)O(3)/NiAl(110) at 300 K and the thermal behavior of the deposited IL films on Pd/Al(2)O(3)/NiAl(110) are investigated by time-resolved infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (TR-IRAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). At 300 K, the IL adsorbs molecularly both onto the Pd particles and onto the alumina. The IR spectra suggest that the [Tf(2)N](-) anions interact with Pd sites preferentially via the sulfonyl groups. CO pre-adsorbed on the Pd particles is partially displaced by the IL, even at 300 K, and only the part of CO adsorbed onto hollow sites on (111) facets of the Pd particles remains in place. Upon heating to temperatures higher than the desorption temperature of the IL (>400 K), molecular desorption of the IL competes with decomposition. The decomposition products, atomic species and small fragments, remain preferentially adsorbed onto the Pd nanoparticles and strongly modify their surface properties. Most of the decomposition products originate from the [BMIM](+) cations, whereas the [Tf(2)N](-) anions desorb for the most part. PMID:20607171

Sobota, Marek; Schmid, Martin; Happel, Markus; Amende, Max; Maier, Florian; Steinrück, Hans-Peter; Paape, Natalia; Wasserscheid, Peter; Laurin, Mathias; Gottfried, J Michael; Libuda, Jörg

2010-09-21

472

Your Child's Vision  

MedlinePLUS

... such as squinting or frequent headaches occur. (Many times, a teacher will notice that a child isn't seeing well in class.) Kids who wear prescription glasses or contacts should have annual checkups by an eye doctor ...

473

Concussion - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... avoid activities that need concentration, such as reading, homework, and complex tasks. When you go home from ... missed work right away Reducing the amount of homework or classwork your child does for a while ...

474

Stop Child Poverty  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of international organizations are committed to helping end child poverty, and one of the best known of their number is the Global Volunteer Network. Through their advocacy work and the Stop Child Poverty campaign, they are dedicated to the proposition that child poverty can be completed eradicated. Through sections titled "Learn It", "Live It", and "Pass it On", visitors to this site will learn about the "big picture" of child poverty and how they can become directly involved in any number of volunteer projects. The "Pass It On" area is quite fine in this regard, as visitors can look over a message board where they can discuss the campaign, and then use a zip-code search engine to find volunteer opportunities in their area.

475

Child abuse - physical  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse Being a single parent Lack of education Poverty However, it is important to note that cases ... or mental illness Have high stress factors, including poverty Not look after the child's hygiene or care ...

476

FPG Child Development Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... and Evaluation Featured Projects Children Living in Rural Poverty: Phase 3 of the Family Life Project The ... might accentuate or deflect risk associated with race, poverty, and child characteristics. Evaluation of Georgia's Pre-Kindergarten ...

477

Choosing Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... 5. Back Continue At the End of the Day After all your research, interviewing, and observing, you ... still have doubts, daily reports about your child's day or frequent visits to the care facility can ...

478

Wormholes and Child Universes  

E-print Network

Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe pr...

Guendelman, E I

2010-01-01

479

NYU Child Study Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Read More >> Developing Healthy Eating Behaviors Read More ... can help a child attend New York's first all-day, evidence-based, therapeutic program devoted exclusively to children with Attention Deficit ...

480

Child Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... doctor or mental health specialist looks at your child's signs and symptoms, medical history, and family history. Treatments include medicines and talk therapy. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

481

Child Maltreatment Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... Sources Prevention Strategies Publications Risk and Protective Factors Translation Additional Resources References Fang X, Brown DS, Florence ... Links Publications Health Outcome Year Consequences Prevention ... Resources CDC Special Supplement: Interrupting Child Maltreatment ...

482

Child safety seats  

MedlinePLUS

... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

483

Clinical decision support system for the diagnosis of adolescence health.  

PubMed

It is common that children confront psychological problems when they reach puberty. These problems could easily be overcome, but in many cases they could be severe, leading to social estrangement or worse in madness or death. According to information collected we designed a questionnaire about the psychology of adolescents in order to help people in that age or their elders find out if they have health issues. We used already published researches and material concerning all the psychological problems a child can confront in order to make a reliable questionnaire and to develop the clinical decision support system. Our main objective is to publish and administrate a web-based free tool for sharing medical knowledge about any psychological disease a child can already have or develop during puberty. PMID:25417021

Moutsouri, Irene; Nikou, Amalia; Pampalou, Machi; Lentza, Maria; Spyridakis, Paulos; Mathiopoulou, Natassa; Konsoulas, Dimitris; Lampou, Marianna; Alexiou, Athanasios

2015-01-01

484

Wormholes and Child Universes  

E-print Network

Evidence to the case that classical gravitation provides the clue to make sense out of quantum gravity is presented. The key observation is the existence in classical gravitation of child universe solutions or "almost" solutions, "almost" because of some singularity problems. The difficulties of these child universe solutions due to their generic singularity problems will be very likely be cured by quantum effects, just like for example "almost" instanton solutions are made relevant in gauge theories with breaking of conformal invariance. Some well motivated modifcations of General Relativity where these singularity problems are absent even at the classical level are discussed. High energy density excitations, responsible for UV divergences in quantum field theories, including quantum gravity, are likely to be the source of child universes which carry them out of the original space time. This decoupling could prevent these high UV excitations from having any influence on physical amplitudes. Child universe production could therefore be responsible for UV regularization in quantum field theories which take into account semiclassically gravitational effects. Child universe production in the last stages of black hole evaporation, the prediction of absence of tranplanckian primordial perturbations, connection to the minimum length hypothesis and in particular the connection to the maximal curvature hypothesis are discussed. Some discussion of superexcited states in the case these states are Kaluza Klein excitations is carried out. Finally, the posibility of obtaining "string like" effects from the wormholes associated with the child universes is discussed.

E. I. Guendelman

2010-03-21

485

Treadmill Training in a Child with Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case report describes the use of treadmill training without body weight support to improve walking speed in a child with diplegic cerebral palsy. The child was a six-year-old girl with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. She walked short distances independently using a posterior support walker but was unable to keep up with her peers walking…

Crowley, Julie P.; Arnold, Sandra H.; McEwen, Irene R.; James, Shirley

2009-01-01

486

Older Parents Providing Child Care for Adult Children: Does It Pay Off?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether past grandparental child care is related to present support from adult children. On the basis of social exchange theory, the authors expected that grandparental child care creates a debt that is repaid in the form of receiving support later in life. Using data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (N = 349…

Geurts, Teun; Poortman, Anne-Rigt; van Tilburg, Theo G.

2012-01-01

487

"The Interests of the Child" Seen from the Child's Perspective: The Case of the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Dutch government has decided to intervene in parents' role in bringing up their children by imposing compulsory parenting support. As such an intervention has to be legitimatised as being "in the interests of the child", it is important to take a closer look at this concept. First it is shown that it is not evident that the government has the…

Levering, Bas

2011-01-01

488

Research Paper: Evaluating Clinical Decision Support Systems: Monitoring CPOE Order Check Override Rates in the Department of Veterans Affairs' Computerized Patient Record System  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo measure critical order check override rates in VA Puget Sound Health Care System's computerized practitioner order entry (CPOE) system and to compare 2006 results to a similar 2001 study.DesignAnalysis of ordering and order check data gathered by a post-hoc logging program. Use of Pearson's chi-square contingency table test comparing results from this study and the earlier study.MeasurementsFactors measured were

Ching-Ping Lin; Thomas H. Payne; W. Paul Nichol; Patricia J. Hoey; Curtis L. Anderson; John H. Gennari

2008-01-01

489

Stability of Maternal Autonomy Support between Infancy and Preschool Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this article were to examine (1) the relative and absolute stability of maternal autonomy support between infancy and preschool age, and (2) the moderating role of child gender, maternal attachment state of mind, and stressful life events. Sixty-nine mother-child dyads participated in five visits when the child was 8, 15, and 18…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie; Gagne, Christine

2013-01-01

490

45 CFR 303.104 - Procedures for posting security, bond or guarantee to secure payment of overdue support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 303.104 Section 303.104 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

491

45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 307.40 Section 307.40 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

492

45 CFR 302.52 - Distribution of support collected in Title IV-E foster care maintenance cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.52 Section 302.52 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

493

45 CFR 302.32 - Collection and disbursement of support payments by the IV-D Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 302.32 Section 302.32 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

494

[Heart transplant: an emotional storm for the child and his family].  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was a psychological analysis of the emotional state of a family awaiting heart transplantation. Current practice suggests that such emotional reaction is characterized by mixed and contradictory feelings which require further investigation. Subjects were 5 children waiting for transplant and 5 with previous transplant. Methods were: 1) open interview with children and parents; 2) projective drawing test for children (Corman family test, H.T.P., L.A.D.S., M.U.C.T., K.F.D.); 3) "palinomas" questionnaire which investigates: awareness of the illness, child relation with the food, feelings of competence and control, self-esteem and perception of the self. "Palinomas" was created in Italy by a hospital psychological team in order to give a chance to the child to talk about himself and to maintain control over the situation. The information we obtained by "palinomas" revealed to be very useful to understand the personality of the child through the main areas reported above. Within the limits of an introductory study, results indicate that family needs an active psychological support in order to develop a more positive attitude. PMID:8029083

Medioli, M; Cavalli, C; Podestà, A; Mascheroni, S; Agnetti, A; Ferrazzi, P; Squarcia, U

1994-01-01

495

Child-Headed Households: A Feasible Way Forward, or an Infringement of Children's Right to Alternative Care?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the face of growing international support for recognition of child-headed households, the author poses the following questions: What does the internationally recognised right to alternative care for children entail? Is the recognition of child-headed households as a form of alternative care in line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Phillips, Charlotte

2011-01-01

496

Defining the Boundaries of Child NeglectWhen Does Domestic Violence Equate With Parental Failure to Protect?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment does not exist in isolation from other forms of family violence. Notably, research supports the connection between wife abuse and child maltreatment, and research on the possible consequences to children exposed to domestic violence has influenced a redefinition of child maltreatment legislation and policy. Recently, some states have considered and passed legislation making witnessing of domestic violence, per

Glenda Kaufman Kantor; Liza Little

2003-01-01

497

Mandated Reporter Checklist The State of California requires that Stanford University 1) identifies mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect  

E-print Network

mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect that it pays directly, 2) informs them of their obligation are required by law to report any information relative to child abuse or neglect of minors. This checklist or otherwise employed to support any youth program, camp, or child care facility An athletic coach, including

Straight, Aaron

498

So your child wants to be a Scientist! Parent Package: An information booklet for parents of Indigenous High School students  

E-print Network

So your child wants to be a Scientist! Parent Package: An information booklet for parents to support and encourage your child's dreams and aspirations you need to know about the High School subjects that will allow your child to get into University. You also need to know about University Life including course

Tobar, Michael

499

Child abuse: A classic case report with literature review  

PubMed Central

Child abuse and neglect are serious global problems and can be in the form of physical, sexual, emotional or just neglect in providing for the child's needs. These factors can leave the child with serious, long-lasting psychological damage. In the present case report, a 12-year-old orphaned boy was physically abused by a close relative who caused actual bodily and emotional trauma to the boy. After satisfactorily managing the trauma and emotional effects to the patient, in addition to the counseling services provided to the caregiver, the patient made a steady recovery. He was also referred to a child support group for social support, and prepare him together with his siblings for placement in a children's home in view of the hostile environment in which they were living. PMID:24963259

Kemoli, Arthur M.; Mavindu, Mildred

2014-01-01

500

25 CFR 11.607 - Temporary orders and temporary injunctions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or for legal separation, either...maintenance or temporary support of a child of the marriage entitled to support. The motion...peace of the other party or of any child; (3) Excluding a party...

2010-04-01