Note: This page contains sample records for the topic child support orders from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

2010-01-01

2

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

3

45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2012-10-01

4

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

5

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

6

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

7

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

8

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

9

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

10

Child and Family Support Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child and Family Support Project (Ch.A.F.S.) was designed to facilitate and support access to and coordination of health care services for children with chronic conditions and their families to strengthen family capacity to care for their child in the...

R. B. Thomas

1988-01-01

11

75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection agency as an ``agent of a child;'' and (2) the child welfare data exchange provisions...commenters, Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and program...confidential information to private child support collection agencies...

2010-12-29

12

75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection agency as an ``agent of a child''; and (2) the child welfare data exchange provisions...commenters, Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and program...confidential information to private child support collection agencies...

2010-06-07

13

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

14

Abstracts on Child Play Areas and Child Support Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to present some of the more important literature on the topic area of child-environment interactions which is relevant to the planning and design of child-support facilities (infant centers, child-care centers, early childh...

A. B. Hill C. G. Lane U. Cohen G. T. Moore T. McGinty

1978-01-01

15

Stress and Supports to Families with a Handicapped Child [and] Adjustment of Families with Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the impact of child variables, parent variables, and family resources (professional and informal supports) on the family's ability to cope with a child with special needs. Child variables include child gender, birth order, severity of handicap, degree of child dependency, extent of attachment, age of the child, and presence of…

McDonald, Linda; And Others

16

Essentials for Attorneys in Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents a course developed to provide a national perspective for attorneys who represent state and local child support enforcement agencies operating under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The introduction provides an overview of the child support problem in the United States, citing causes and effects of the problem and…

Henry, Michael R.; And Others

17

Nonresident Parents' Characteristics and Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines implications of having data on only the resident parent in child support analyses and in ignoring nonresident parents. Findings indicate that the characteristics of nonresident parents are central to understanding levels of child support, underscoring the need for data collection that includes resident and nonresident parents. (RJM)

Smock, Pamela J.; Manning, Wendy D.

1997-01-01

18

Is family support child abuse prevention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will consider the relationship between child abuse prevention and family support. It will argue that the relationship is complex and sometimes confusing, and that more work needs to be done to unravel some of the conceptual difficulties.

Ilankatz

1997-01-01

19

76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...owing past-due child support, as reported...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...Case Registry of Child Support Orders...Verification of identity as described in HHS's...furnished by State child support...

2011-01-05

20

Patterns of Child Support Compliance in Wisconsin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines five-year compliance patterns among Wisconsin child support cases that came to court in 1986 to 1998. Compliance during the first year provides some indication of long-term compliance, but half of fathers change their compliance rate over the period. Differences between divorced and unmarried fathers are discussed. (Author/MKA)

Meyer, Daniel R.; Bartfeld, Judi

1998-01-01

21

Employer-Supported Child Care in Ontario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six case studies describing current employer-supported child care services in Ontario are presented. The studies describe the PLADEC Day Care Center of the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital, the day care center at the Chedoke-McMaster Hospitals in Hamilton, the Early Learning Centre at Durham College in Oshawa, the Hydrokids day care center at the…

Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.

22

Good, Responsible Parenting: Child-Support Guidelines in an Era of Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following decades of criticism, the federal government amended the Divorce Act in 1997 to include guidelines and support tables for the determination of child-support orders. The guidelines were meant to replace a child-support system that relied heavily on judicial discretion, which was blamed for the inconsistency between awards, the inadequacy of the amounts awarded, and inequity in the system. Normative

Krista Robson

2010-01-01

23

Good, Responsible Parenting: Child-Support Guidelines in an Era of Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Following decades of criticism, the federal government amended the Divorce Act in 1997 to include guidelines and support tables for the determination of child-support orders. The guidelines were meant to replace a child-support system that relied heavily on judicial discretion, which was blamed for the inconsistency between awards, the inadequacy of the amounts awarded, and inequity in the system. Normative

Krista Robson

2010-01-01

24

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

25

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

26

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

27

Child Welfare Workers' Adoption of Decision Support Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers must process complex information in deciding to refer clients to appropriate mental health services. Decision support systems have been demonstrated in other fields to be an important tool, yet little research has been done in child welfare. This study focused on the adoption of a specific decision support system into child welfare practice. Quantitative analysis was used

Kirk A. Foster; Arlene R. Stiffman

2009-01-01

28

Employer Support for Families with Child Care Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present and past employer support for child care is reviewed in this paper. The first half of the discussion is devoted to a general and brief historical survey describing employer support for families needing child care and detailing working mothers' increasing demand for child care services. Also briefly mentioned are government programs…

Fischer, Jan Lockwood

29

State Personnel - Child Support Enforcement Administration - Transfer o f Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This enrolled bill transfers child support enforcement activities of the State 's Attorney 's Office in Washington County to the State Child Support Enforcement Administration (CSEA). The bill transfers all employees, except the Assistant S tate 's Attorney, of the Paternity and Support Division of the Office of the State 's Attorney for Washington County to the CSEA.

House Bill

30

Employer Supported Child Care: Investing in Human Resources. Executive Summary of the National Employer Supported Child Care Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experiences of 415 employers who had child care programs in 1982, this paper summarizes material presented in the major report of the National Employer Supported Child Care Project (NESCCP). Initiated in response to employers' growing interest in child care, the NESCCP aimed to assist businesses by: (1) describing existing…

Divine-Hawkins, Patricia; Collins, Raymond C.

31

SUPPORTIVE EXPRESSIVE THERAPY – PARENT CHILD VERSION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, there are no empirically supported psychodynamic treatments for disruptive behavior in young children. Supportive Expressive Therapy – Parent Child (SET-PC) is a newly developed brief psychodynamic psychotherapy that focuses on a parent’s internal representations of self and others, particularly as they manifest in problematic parent–child relationships. It is a manualized dyadic therapy that uses videotaped parent–child play sessions followed

JOANNE G. CUMMINGS; JEAN-VICTOR WITTENBERG

2008-01-01

32

Birth order?×?sex interactions in child behavior problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1st of 2 experiments examined the referral rates of children to a psychology clinic. Only 2-child families were studied to avoid confounds related to family size. A multiple-contingency analysis of the frequency of referral showed a significant effect for sex, birth order, and a Sex by Birth Order interaction. Further analyses of the interaction showed there was a sex

Benjamin B. Lahey; David Hammer; Paula L. Crumrine; Rex L. Forehand

1980-01-01

33

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

34

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

35

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

36

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

37

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...financial support to family members and to obey...nonsupport and child custody issues. Consistent with specific...financial support to family members that meets at...to resolve nonsupport issues with family members by one of...

2010-07-01

38

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...financial support to family members and to obey...nonsupport and child custody issues. Consistent with specific...financial support to family members that meets at...to resolve nonsupport issues with family members by one of...

2009-07-01

39

Supportive Care of A Critically Ill Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of pediatric intensive care is early identification, severity assessment and resuscitation of critical patients by\\u000a utilizing standardized protocols. The primary or precipitating disorder should be the focus of attention and specific intervention.\\u000a But in order to provide holistic care to a patient, due attention should also be rendered to supportive care. Monitoring of\\u000a sick children in PICU is

Sunil Saharan; Rakesh Lodha; Sushil K. Kabra

2011-01-01

40

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2010-01-01

41

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2009-01-01

42

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2013-01-01

43

Initial Findings from the W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty offers this 118-page report on their initial findings on Wisconsin Works's effects on child support. Wisconsin Works (W-2) was implemented in September 1997 as a replacement for Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). All participants in the program are required to work in order to get cash assistance. The report is divided into five chapters, including an introduction to W-2; the child support policy changes that took place as part of the program; early outcomes of the program including child support, income, and government cost; and a summary. The study charts the relative successes and failures of the program to this point. [EM

Meyer, Daniel R.; Cancian, Maria.; Bartfeld, Judi.; Caspar, Emma.; Haveman, Robert.; Kaplan, Thomas.

44

Child Support Enforcement and Fathers' Contributions to Their Nonmarital Children  

PubMed Central

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time.

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2011-01-01

45

Effects of Stress and Social Supports on Mother-Child Interactions in Single and Two-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight mother-child pairs -- 14 single parent mothers and their preschool children and a matched group of married women and their children -- were observed in order to investigate four questions concerning potential differences in the mother-child interactions, life circumstances, and social supports. These questions are (1) Do mother-child

Weinraub, Marsha; Wolf, Barbara M.

46

[Supporting the mother-child bond in the home].  

PubMed

One of the missions of the professionals from the mother and child welfare service is to support the emergence of parent-child bonding. Observation of the interactions between parents and their baby bythe child care worker, in the home, is a fundamental tool.The professional then becomes a witness and player in this meetingand in the establishment of the initial bonds. PMID:23641620

Cochereau, Asmaa

47

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

48

25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount reasonable or...

2011-04-01

49

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

50

45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2012-10-01

51

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

52

75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...access privileges to the FPLS Child Support Services Portal and...collected and maintained in the FPLS Child Support Services Portal are...methods for electronic records and media include overwriting, degaussing...Program Operations, Office of Child Support Enforcement,...

2010-07-21

53

Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

Olson, Maril

2007-01-01

54

Child Support, Father-Child Contact, and Preteens' Involvement with Nonresidential Fathers: Racial/Ethnic Differences  

PubMed Central

This study examined how child support, frequency of contact with children, and the relationship between nonresidential parents influenced preteens’ reports of the involvement of fathers and mothers in their life. Data are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) that has followed the children of NLSY mothers from birth into their twenties. Results showed that increases in child support and in contact with the child over time after separation are linked to a better coparental relationship when children are age 11 or 12. This better relationship between parents is, in turn, associated with greater involvement of both mothers and nonresidential fathers with their children.

Forry, Nicole D.; Peters, H. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

55

A Review of California's Child Support Enforcement Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report reviews California's Child Support Enforcement program (CCSEP) and prospects for increasing support payments. Chapter I describes the structure of the CCSEP, recent collection experience, and prospects for growth in collections under current practices. Chapter II describes recent revisions in federal law concerning the program and the…

California State Legislative Analyst's Office, Sacramento.

56

Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

1999-01-01

57

Strengthening the Circle: Child Support for Native American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technical amendments to the 1996 welfare reform legislation--the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)--include new requirements for administering a state child support enforcement program. This document provides background information to American Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, tribal courts, and…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

58

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

59

Child Support in Context: Comments on Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary is a response to an article on the impact of child support guidelines on the economic well-being of children by Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl. The response is organized into two sections: a critique of the analyses and recommendations offered by Rettig et al., and a different set of solutions based on a broader definition of the…

Salt, Robert

1991-01-01

60

The Regular Receipt of Child Support: A Multistep Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation revealed that several steps were involved in receiving child support: agreements, eligibility, receipt of partial payment, and receiving the full amount regularly. Predictors and their strengths varied from one step to another, but having an agreement and a level of payments were most…

Peterson, James L.; Nord, Christine Winquist

1990-01-01

61

Children with Nonresident Parents: Living Arrangements, Visitation, and Child Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One third of all children in the United States have a nonresident parent. On the basis of 13,085 children with a nonresident parent drawn from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families, this study examines nonresident mothers' and fathers' involvement (visitation and child support) with children who reside in different household types:…

Stewart, Susan D.

2010-01-01

62

The Association of Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Child Externalizing Problems: The Role of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the role of abuse-specific maternal support in the association between parent depressive symptoms and child externalizing problems in a sample of children with a history of sexual abuse. In total, 106 mother-child dyads were studied. The association between maternal depressive symptoms and child delinquency behaviors was found…

Rakow, Aaron; Smith, Daniel; Begle, Angela M.; Ayer, Lynsay

2011-01-01

63

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in New Jersey from October 1, 1998 - March 31, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our objectives were to determine whether the State agency appropriately recognized and reported program income for undistributable child support collections and interest earned on child support collections. For the period October 1, 1998, through March 31...

2008-01-01

64

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in Maryland from October 1, 1998, Through December 31, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Support Enforcement program is a Federal, State, and local partnership established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act to collect child support payments from noncustodial parents for distribution to custodial parents. Within the ...

2008-01-01

65

77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2012-12-12

66

75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2010-06-03

67

77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

2012-01-17

68

A National Profile of Nonresident Fathers and Their Ability to Pay Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers the first national estimates of nonresident fathers' income and child support payments. Findings indicate that nonresident fathers could pay as much as $34 billion more in child support. Explains how this figure was derived and offers a national profile of nonresident fathers and their ability to pay child support. (RJM)

Sorensen, Elaine

1997-01-01

69

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

70

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include... Section 309.115 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

71

45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

72

45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization... Section 309.105 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

73

The Effect of Joint-Child-Custody Legislation on the Child-Support Receipt of Single Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the preponderance of single mothers on public assistance, delinquent child support has been a contentious political\\u000a issue in the U.S. We examine whether joint-child-custody reform affects the child-support receipt of single mothers. We use\\u000a variation in the timing of joint-custody reforms across states to identify the effect of joint custody on the child-support\\u000a receipt of single mothers. Joint-custody

Brandeanna D. AllenJohn; John M. Nunley; Alan Seals

2011-01-01

74

Child Care: '76 and Beyond: The Design and Management of Systems for Supplying Child Care and Supportive Child Development Services in the East Metropolitan Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project describes the proposed design and management of systems for supplying child care and supportive services in the East Metropolitan Area of St. Paul, Minnesota, and addresses the general problem of the increased need and demand for formal child care services. The stated goal of the project is to assure child care services which are…

Winget, W. Gary

75

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

76

Chronic illness: the importance of support for families caring for a child with cystic fibrosis.  

PubMed

The effect of chronic life-threatening illness on the family is one of the major problems confronting the health-care system today. Increasingly, parents have the major responsibility for the daily management of their child's condition. There is evidence that many parents lack the professional help and support which could ameliorate some of their problems. It is important that nurses have an understanding of how families cope with the burden of caring for a chronically ill child. Health professionals need clear guidelines on how to support these families in their role as primary care-givers. This paper examines how families of children with cystic fibrosis adapt to the illness in order to provide indicators for nursing practice and to enhance the care and support provided for these families. Effective coping strategies include: assigning meaning to the illness, sharing the burden, denial of diagnosis and incorporating therapy in a schedule. PMID:9188350

Coyne, I T

1997-03-01

77

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

78

Compilation of Initiatives to Support Home-Based Child Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Home-based child careregulated family child care and family, friend, and neighbor care exempt from regulationis a common child care arrangement for many young children in the United States, especially those from low-income families and families of color (...

C. Begnoche L. Vuong P. Del Grosso R. Hass T. Nichols T. Porter

2010-01-01

79

Better Child Support EnforcementCan It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of teenage premarital pregnancy and pregnancy resolution provide

Robert D. Plotnick; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan; Inhoe Ku

2004-01-01

80

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2012-10-01

81

45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

2011-10-01

82

Parenting a Child with a Disability: The Role of Social Support for African American Parents  

PubMed Central

This paper examines: (1) the impact of having a child with a disability on parents’ mental and physical health among urban-dwelling African Americans and (2) the extent to which positive and negative social interactions with family other than the spouse moderate the impact of child’s disability on parental adaptation. Analyses are based on a probability sample of African Americans living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The analytic sample includes 48 parents of a child with a disability and 144 comparison group parents of non-disabled children. Results showed that having a child with a disability is associated with more somatic symptoms. However, the negative consequences of the child’s disability on parents’ mental health are reduced when parents receive greater positive support from family.

Ha, Jung-Hwa; Greenberg, Jan S.; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick

2012-01-01

83

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?...

2011-10-01

84

45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements? 264...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?...

2012-10-01

85

Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

2008-01-01

86

Bootstrap support is not first-order correct.  

PubMed

The appropriate interpretation of bootstrap support for splits and the question of what constitutes large bootstrap support have received considerable attention. One desirable interpretation, indeed the interpretation that was put forward when bootstrap support for splits was first introduced, is that 1-minus bootstrap support is a P value for the hypothesis that the split is not well resolved. As a P value, bootstrap support has been argued to be first-order correct. By obtaining the limiting distribution of bootstrap support for a split when maximum likelihood estimation is conducted, it is shown that bootstrap support is not first-order correct and insight is provided into the nature of the problem. Borrowing from earlier results, it is also shown that similar results hold when the neighbor-joining algorithm is used. Examples suggest that bootstrap support is generally conservative as a P value and give insight as to why this is usually the case. The analysis indicates that the problem is largely due to the unusual nature of tree space where boundary trees always have at least 2 neighbors. PMID:20525579

Susko, Edward

2009-07-01

87

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

88

Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

2009-01-01

89

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has no such effect among women, representing less

Emily Fitzgibbons Shafer; Neil Malhotra

2011-01-01

90

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

91

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

92

Designing toys with automatic play characterization for supporting the assessment of a child's development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of the Child'sPlay system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording, recognition, and quantification of a child's object play behaviors for retrospective analysis. Our prototype system consists of six varieties of toys augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform which uses statistical pattern recognition techniques to automatically

Tracy L. Westeyn; Julie A. Kientz; Thad E. Starner

2008-01-01

93

Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

2010-01-01

94

The Effect of Employer-Supported Child Care in Three Canadian Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this year-long study was to evaluate the effects of the Edmonton Hospital Workers' Child Care Society programs in three Canadian hospitals on the employers, the employees, and the children served. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of employer-supported child care on (1) employee absenteeism; (2) tardiness;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

95

Higher order duality in multiobjective fractional programming with support functions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper a new class of higher order (F,[rho],[sigma])-type I functions for a multiobjective programming problem is introduced, which subsumes several known studied classes. Higher order Mond-Weir and Schaible type dual programs are formulated for a nondifferentiable multiobjective fractional programming problem where the objective functions and the constraints contain support functions of compact convex sets in Rn. Weak and strong duality results are studied in both the cases assuming the involved functions to be higher order (F,[rho],[sigma])-type I. A number of previously studied problems appear as special cases.

Suneja, S. K.; Srivastava, Manjari K.; Bhatia, Meetu

2008-11-01

96

A linear support higher-order tensor machine for classification.  

PubMed

There has been growing interest in developing more effective learning machines for tensor classification. At present, most of the existing learning machines, such as support tensor machine (STM), involve nonconvex optimization problems and need to resort to iterative techniques. Obviously, it is very time-consuming and may suffer from local minima. In order to overcome these two shortcomings, in this paper, we present a novel linear support higher-order tensor machine (SHTM) which integrates the merits of linear C-support vector machine (C-SVM) and tensor rank-one decomposition. Theoretically, SHTM is an extension of the linear C-SVM to tensor patterns. When the input patterns are vectors, SHTM degenerates into the standard C-SVM. A set of experiments is conducted on nine second-order face recognition datasets and three third-order gait recognition datasets to illustrate the performance of the proposed SHTM. The statistic test shows that compared with STM and C-SVM with the RBF kernel, SHTM provides significant performance gain in terms of test accuracy and training speed, especially in the case of higher-order tensors. PMID:23529095

Hao, Zhifeng; He, Lifang; Chen, Bingqian; Yang, Xiaowei

2013-03-20

97

Mothers' Reports of Paternal Support: Associations with Maternal Child-Rearing Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Obtained urban minority mothers' reports of pattern of support from resident and nonresident fathers, when their infants were one year old. Found that the more support a woman saw herself receiving from her partner, the fewer power-assertive child-rearing attitudes she reported. Most important form of paternal support identified was emotional…

Brunelli, Susan, A.; And Others

1995-01-01

98

Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

2010-01-01

99

Does money matter for mental health? Evidence from the Child Support Grants in Johannesburg, South Africa.  

PubMed

Globally, the poor are consistently at greater risk of suffering from depression and anxiety. Yet in resource-poor countries, mental health remains a neglected topic. This interdisciplinary study explored the potential for a poverty alleviation programme to contribute to breaking the vicious cycle between poverty and common mental disorders (CMD). Quantitatively, beneficiaries of a cash-transfer programme were found to have a lower risk of CMD. Qualitative interviews indicated that Child Support Grants acted as a psychological safety net, but that negative stereotypes of grant recipients could detract from the positive mental health outcomes of the grants. It was concluded that poverty alleviation programmes such as cash transfers could have both positive and negative impacts on mental health. In order to achieve mental health benefits for programme beneficiaries, aspects of programme design and implementation that promote mental health should be enhanced and aspects detrimental to mental health modified. PMID:20938853

Plagerson, Sophie; Patel, Vikram; Harpham, Trudy; Kielmann, Karina; Mathee, Angela

2011-05-24

100

Estimation in conditional first order autoregression with discrete support  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider estimation in the class of first order conditional linear autoregressive models with discrete support that are\\u000a routinely used to model time series of counts. Various groups of estimators proposed in the literature are discussed: moment-based\\u000a estimators; regression-based estimators; and likelihood-based estimators. Some of these have been used previously and others\\u000a not. In particular, we address the performance of

Robert C. Jung; Gerd Ronning; A. R. Tremayne

2005-01-01

101

Genetic and adoptive motherhood: Stress, marital relationship, and child care support.  

PubMed

In this paper we characterize adoptive and genetic motherhood with or without stress indicators. Participants were 86 mothers (36 adoptive, 50 genetic) with children from 0 to 12 years old. They answered questions about focal child and mother profile, marital relationship, child care support and the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. Results showed that mothers in both groups reported child care support, but there was more participation of nonrelatives in the care of adoptive children and relatives in the care of genetic children. There was greater marital stability and less conflict with the arrival of the child in the adoptive families and predominance of stress indicators in genetic mothers. We concluded that, although there are differences between adoptive and genetic motherhood, these do not imply advantages for one versus the other. Moreover, marital stability related to the adoption process and sociodemographic characteristics of adoptive mothers may have contributed to lower prevalence of stress. PMID:23713751

Howat-Rodrigues, Anna Beatriz Carnielli; Tokumaru, Rosana Suemi; de Amorim, Thalita Novaes; Garcia, Agnaldo; Izar, Patrícia

2013-05-28

102

Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.  

PubMed

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

2012-01-01

103

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

104

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

105

Reducing Child Support Debt and Its Consequences: Can Forgiveness Benefit All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As child support debt owed nationally persists at enormous levels, both noncustodial parents and the custodial families who are not receiving support suffer significant hardships, and states are forced to expend greater resources on collection and enforcement efforts. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of a demonstration program…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Burkhardt, Brett C.; Shager, Hilary M.

2011-01-01

106

Evaluation of Support Groups for Child Abuse Prevention: Outcomes of Four State Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent support groups have grown in popularity as a strategy for preventing child maltreatment, but there have been few evaluations of these groups. The purpose of this paper is twofold. One goal is to identify some of the major challenges in the evaluation of parent support groups and to provide strategies for minimizing these potential difficulties. The second goal is

Mary Kay Falconer; Mary E. Haskett; Linda McDaniels; Thelma Dirkes; Edward C. Siegel

2008-01-01

107

Nutrition support of the postoperative cardiac surgery child.  

PubMed

There may be a correlation in critically ill children between the accuracy of estimated energy requirement and infection, mortality, and length of stay. Historically, energy needs were estimated using predictive equations with stress factor adjustments. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence for indirect calorimetry, predictive equations, and other clinical indicators (ie, patient outcomes) to estimate energy requirements of the postoperative, critically ill, cardiac infant. Consistent with current guidelines, indirect calorimetry provides the best estimate of energy requirements for critically ill children. Predictive equations are unreliable, either over- or underestimate energy requirements, and do not take into account the metabolic changes that occur in the postoperative cardiac infant. To address the changing metabolic state throughout the course of illness, clinicians need to individualize recommendations by implementing frequent indirect calorimetry measurements at bedside. Actual energy delivery to the postoperative cardiac surgery child in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can be further hindered by many procedural and patient barriers. The provision of appropriate caloric requirements may help clinicians correct the metabolic state and promote recovery and anabolism. Therefore, optimizing nutrition intake of the postoperative, cardiac surgical child requires a paradigm shift toward individualized nutrition prescription, in the context of a PICU-specific feeding algorithm. PMID:23921299

Leong, Amanda Y; Field, Catherine J; Larsen, Bodil M

2013-08-06

108

Higher-Order Genetic and Environmental Structure of Prevalent Forms of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Context It is necessary to understand the etiologic structure of child and adolescent psychopathology to advance theory and guide future research. Objective To test alternative models of the higher-order structure of etiologic influences on 11 dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology using confirmatory factor analyses of genetic and environmental covariances. Design Representative sample of twins. Participants 1,571 pairs of 9-17 year old twins. Setting Home interviews. Main Outcome Measures Structured assessments of psychopathology using adult caregivers and youth as informants. Results The best-fitting genetic model revealed that most genetic factors nonspecifically influence risk for either all 11 symptom dimensions or for dimensions of psychopathology within one of two broad domains. With some notable exceptions, dimension-specific genetic influences accounted for modest amounts of variance. Conclusions To inform theory and guide molecular genetic studies, an etiologic model is offered in which three patterns of pleiotropy are hypothesized to be the principal modes of genetic risk transmission for common forms of child and adolescent psychopathology. Some common environmental influences were found, but consistent with a “generalist genes, specialist environments” model, there was little sharing of environmental influences. This implies that prevalent dimensions of child and adolescent psychopathology mostly share their genetic liabilities but are differentiated by nonshared experiences.

Lahey, Benjamin B.; Van Hulle, Carol A.; Singh, Amber L.; Waldman, Irwin D.; Rathouz, Paul J.

2012-01-01

109

Ethnic Variations in Social Support Networks and Child Rearing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparing Ute Mountain Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos within several communities, this study examined: (1) ethnic differences in the structure and function of parents' support networks; and (2) the relation of social support to parental feelings of competence and parenting behaviors. From 4 sites in Colorado, 484 parents or guardians of 2- to…

MacPhee, David; And Others

110

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...should receive support equal to one-fourth of BAQ at the with-dependents rate...The right to counsel under the Fifth Amendment. (h) Form of support payment...The right to counsel under the Fifth Amendment. (vi) Explain the following to...

2013-07-01

111

Enforcing divorce settlements: evidence from child support compliance and award modifications.  

PubMed

This paper uses an implicit contracting framework to understand the dynamic nature of divorce settlements and to analyze the determinants of noncompliance with child support awards. In addition to the standard economic variables that affect the noncustodial parent's (NCP's) ability to pay child support, our approach focuses on factors that may affect the NCP's desire to pay, such as the ongoing relationship between the two parents and between the NCP and the children. We also examine the "state-contingent" nature of child support payments and explore the factors that lead to modifications in child support agreements. Using a longitudinal data set collected by the Stanford Child Custody Project, the empirical analysis provides documentation that compliance by noncustodial fathers can vary substantially from month to month. In addition, we find that even within a short period after divorce, a substantial minority of parents agree to make informal modifications to their divorce settlement in response to changes in economic circumstances and in custodial arrangements. PMID:8262289

Peters, H E; Argys, L M; Maccoby, E E; Mnookin, R H

1993-11-01

112

Role Adjustment Among Low-Income, Single Parents With a Retarded Child: Patterns of Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-two Black, low-income, single-parent families who have a young mentally retarded child were studied with the purpose of identifying the types and patterns of network support that are associated with positive adjustment to the parental role. Variables related to the provisions of social support and network organization were examined. Only support satisfaction and the degree of balance between instrumental and

C. Wayne Jones

1991-01-01

113

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

114

Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

2010-01-01

115

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

116

Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

Tumbarello, Natasha

2010-01-01

117

The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

Surles, Stephanie

2007-01-01

118

CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG NON-COHABITING COUPLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some advocates worry that stronger child support enforcement may increase domestic violence. The predictions of a simple economic model are ambiguous; stronger enforcement may increase the mother’s bargaining power, which reduces violence, but may also increase the father’s opportunity and motive for violence thereby increasing violence. This paper examines whether enforcement is associated with domestic violence using the Fragile Families

Angela R. Fertig; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan

2006-01-01

119

TV Spots and Supportive Printed Materials on Child-Rearing Practices. Work Unit III. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the 1976-1977 final report of Work Unit III of Southwest Educational Development Laboratory's Early Childhood Program. The Unit was funded to develop media products, mass media delivery strategies, television spot announcements and supportive booklets designed to increase awareness of certain child-rearing skills and practices among low…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

120

Community and informal social support for recipients of child protective services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative study of parents receiving child protective services (CPS) was conducted to understand their experience with CPS involvement. Sixty-one parents from two CPS agencies in Ontario, Canada, participated in semistructured interviews lasting 1.5 to 2 h. A grounded theory approach was used to find emergent themes in the rich data, which included the role of formal and informal supports

Shehenaz Manji; Sarah Maiter; Sally Palmer

2005-01-01

121

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

122

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Middle Childhood Edition, Grades 3-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with late elementary and middle school-aged children, specifically children in grades three through six, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies,…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

123

A Guide for Designing and Implementing a Case Processing System for Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document was written to provide state and local child support offices with help in refining their case processing systems. The guide is divided into five chapters. Chapter I, Case Processing Overview, defines case processing and the case processing functions and provides a narrative description and graphic illustration of the processes…

Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

124

Reducing Isolation of Family Child Care Providers by Participation in a Provider-Initiated Support Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the difficulty of finding time for professional and personal development, many family child care (FCC) providers are isolated in their work environment. This practicum study developed a provider-initiated support network to reduce this isolation. The local FCC association provided advertising about the formation of the network. A group…

Wetherington, Patricia Reish

125

21 Million Children's Health: Our Shared Responsibility. The Medical Child Support Working Group's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the child support enforcement program has been increasingly successful in obtaining health care coverage for children, changes in the labor market, family structure, health care delivery systems, and social welfare policy require new approaches to ensure that children obtain appropriate health care coverage. This report of the Medical…

2000

126

Sibling Relationships When a Child Has Autism: Marital Stress and Support Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family systems theory was employed to study sibling relationships in 50 families with a child with autism. Typically developing siblings expressed satisfaction with their sibling relationships. Parents were somewhat less positive about the sibling relationship than were the siblings themselves. As hypothesized, stress in the marital relationship was associated with compromised sibling relationships. Informal social support buffered the deleterious effects

Jessica Wood Rivers; Zolinda Stoneman

2003-01-01

127

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Preschool Edition. Denny the Duck Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Preschool grief support curriculum is intended for use with preschool children who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any setting that serves bereaved children. The curriculum contains lesson plans for…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

128

The Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers on Nutrition: The South African Child Support Grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of research that has argued that the income elasticity of nutrition is low, the goal of a new generation of cash transfer programmes to boost the nutrition of poor families' children may seem surprising. This observation applies especially to South Africa's unconditional Child Support Grant (CSG), in which cash grants are made to families with no strings attached.

Jorge M. Agüero; Michael R. Carter; Ingrid Woolard

2007-01-01

129

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

130

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

131

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Previous research has linked parents’ social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3–15 in Chicago, we find that parents’ family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression.

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2011-01-01

132

Multiple Families, Multiple Goals, Multiple Failures: The Need for “Limited Equalization” as a Theory of Child Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current child support laws are based on flawed assumptions about families that fail to reflect family complexity and the realities of parenting. Further, there has been little reevaluation of the stated goals of child support law since they were first implemented thirty years ago. The stated goals — fiscal savings, children’s economic well-being, and parental involvement — have not been

Adrienne Jennings Lockie

2009-01-01

133

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

134

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons.

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

135

Association of child care providers breastfeeding support with breastfeeding duration at 6 months.  

PubMed

Many lactating mothers participate in the workforce and have their infants cared for outside of their home, yet little is known about their child care providers' (CCPs') support of breastfeeding. This study examines the association between CCPs' breastfeeding support as reported by mothers at 3 months and mother's breastfeeding at 6 months. Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal study, followed mothers of infants via mail questionnaires almost monthly from late pregnancy throughout the first year. This study consisted of 183 mothers who breastfed and had their infant in child care at 3 months and answered 5 questions regarding CCPs' supports. Total number of CCPs' support was a summary of responses to individual items and categorized into 3 levels (0-2, 3-4, or 5 total supports). Multiple logistic regressions examined how each breastfeeding support and total number were associated with breastfeeding at 6 months. Breastfeeding at 6 months was significantly associated with CCP support to feed expressed breast milk (AOR = 4.55; 95% CI = 1.09, 18.95) and allow mothers to breastfeed at the child care place before or after work (AOR = 6.23; 95% CI = 1.33, 29.16). Compared to mothers who reported fewer than 3 total supports, mothers who reported 5 supports were 3 times as likely to be breastfeeding at 6 months (AOR = 3.00, 95% CI = 1.11, 8.13). Our findings suggest that CCPs' breastfeeding support at 3 months, particularly feeding expressed breast milk and allowing mothers to breastfeed before or after work, may help mothers maintain breastfeeding at 6 months. PMID:22706997

Batan, Marilyn; Li, Ruowei; Scanlon, Kelley

2013-05-01

136

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study  

PubMed Central

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?2 = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children.

Lindsey, Michael A.; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J. Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M.; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B.

2012-01-01

137

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure.

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

138

Ordered mesoporous materials as model supports to study catalyst preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catalysts are indispensable to modern-day society because of their prominent role in petroleum refining, chemical processing, and the reduction of environmental pollution. The catalytically active component often consists of small metal (oxide) particles that are supported on a carrier such as silica or alumina. These particles are generally introduced via impregnation of the support with a precursor-containing solution followed by

J. R. A. Sietsma

2007-01-01

139

Coparent Support and Conflict in African American Single Mother-Headed Families: Associations With Maternal and Child Psychosocial Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal investigation examined main and interactive effects of coparent support and conflict on mother and child adjustment in 248 low-income, African American, single mother-headed families. The findings indicated that coparent conflict was a more robust predictor of mother and child maladjustment both cross-sectionally and longitudinally than was coparent support. Moreover, findings revealed that coparent conflict and support interacted to

Deborah J. Jones; Rex Forehand; Shannon Dorsey; Sarah Foster; Gene Brody

2005-01-01

140

Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

2011-01-01

141

Evaluation of an Online Peer Support Network for Fathers of a Child With a Brain Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre\\/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a

David B. Nicholas; Anu Chahauver; David Brownstone; Ross Hetherington; Ted McNeill; Eric Bouffet

2012-01-01

142

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

143

Effects of child support and welfare policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing and motherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an assessment of the impact of child support enforcement and welfare policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing\\u000a and motherhood. We derive four hypotheses about the effects of policies on nonmarital teenage childbearing and motherhood.\\u000a We propose that teenage motherhood and school enrollment are joint decisions for teenage girls. Based on individual trajectories\\u000a during ages 12–19, our analysis uses

Lingxin Hao; Nan M. Astone; Andrew J. Cherlin

2007-01-01

144

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

145

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

146

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

147

Attractiveness of child care and related employer-supported benefits and policies to married and single parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing demographics in the family and in the labor force necessitate creative solutions to the child care coordination problems that face employed parents with young children. The present study explores the appeal to 321 employed parents of various corporate-supported benefits and policies that enable parents to coordinate employment and child care. Major findings from the survey were that fathers as

Wendy A. Goldberg; Ellen Greenberger; Judith Koch-Jones; Robin O'Neil; Sharon Hamill

1989-01-01

148

Employer-Supported Child Care in Canada = Les Services de Garderie Subventionnes par l'Employeur au Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this overview of employer-supported day care in Canada, several issues are discussed in English and French. Topics include: (1) development of employer-supported day care (ESDC) in Canada; (2) benefits of ESDC; (3) types of ESDC; (4) types of employers and reasons for establishing or supporting child care programs; (5) users of ESDC programs;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

149

Perinatal, infant, and child death rates among the Old Order Amish.  

PubMed

The Old Order Amish are a distinct ethnic group with a very high birth rate and patterns of perinatal risk factors quite different from those of the general population. This study reports marital fertility and perinatal, infant, and child death rates for an entire Amish settlement of approximately 10,000 individuals, centered around Geauga County, Ohio. All 6,623 births from 1948 to 1988 listed in a directory of Geauga Settlement Amish households were studied. The childbearing experience of all 475 married women over the age of 44 years was also described. Women aged > 44 years had a median of 8.3 births; 24% of the births were to women aged > 34 years. Despite a higher prevalence of several risk factors for perinatal and infant death among the Amish, neonatal and infant death rates for Geauga Settlement Amish have been very similar to the corresponding rates for white children in rural Ohio and the state as a whole. The beneficial aspects of Amish society that may lessen the impact of perinatal risk factors on mortality merit further study. PMID:8296784

Acheson, L S

1994-01-15

150

20 CFR 725.512 - Support of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. 725.512 Section 725.512 Employees...of legally dependent spouse, child, or parent. If current maintenance needs...dependent child, or a legally dependent parent of the...

2013-04-01

151

Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

2010-01-01

152

Evidence of Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Child, Teacher, and Peer Reports of Teacher-Student Support  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the construct validity of measures of teacher-student support in a sample of 709 ethnically diverse second and third grade academically at-risk students. Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant validities of teacher, child, and peer reports of teacher-student support and child conduct problems. Results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on the measures. Peer reports accounted for the largest proportion of trait variance and non-significant method variance. Child reports accounted for the smallest proportion of trait variance and the largest method variance. A model with two latent factors provided a better fit to the data than a model with one factor, providing further evidence of the discriminant validity of measures of teacher-student support. Implications for research, policy, and practice are discussed.

Li, Yan; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan

2012-01-01

153

Assessing child care providers' knowledge and attitudes regarding support of breastfeeding in a region with low breastfeeding prevalence.  

PubMed

Background: Working mothers who place their infants into out-of-home child care face many challenges to sustaining breastfeeding. Child care providers, who are in frequent close contact with young families, may be potential resources for promoting breastfeeding. Objectives: This study focused on identifying child care providers' attitudes toward and knowledge about breastfeeding as well as providers' perceptions about strategies to increase breastfeeding rates among mothers of infants in child care centers. Methods: Seventy-five providers from 11 child care centers in the Baton Rouge, Louisiana, area were surveyed using paper and pencil questionnaires. Self-reported demographics, attitudes, knowledge, and perceptions about breastfeeding were collected. Results: Responses demonstrated a generally positive attitude toward breastfeeding among child care providers but a knowledge deficit in terms of the health impacts and proper handling of breast milk. A minority of providers reported that their center's staff currently receives breastfeeding education, but most providers believed that measures to promote the use of breast milk in their center should target parents rather than the center staff. Conclusion: Child care providers need resources about the benefits of human milk, proper handling of expressed milk, and ways to make centers more breastfeeding friendly. Many providers feel ineffective in supporting breastfeeding and are unaware of the role they may play in mothers' infant feeding decisions. Though child care providers do not appear to believe they can influence parents' decisions about breastfeeding, educating and empowering them could play an important role in increasing breastfeeding rates. PMID:23893551

Lucas, Ashley; McMahon, Pamela M; Asling, Marci Brewer; Knobloch, Annette; Kosh, Emily; Sims, Kacie

2013-07-26

154

The Relationship between Sources and Functions of Social Support and Dimensions of Child- and Parent-Related Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between the sources and functions of social support and dimensions of child- and parent-related stress for mothers of young children with mild developmental delays. Methods: Sixty-three mothers completed assessments of stress and support at two time points. Results: Multiple…

Guralnick, M. J.; Hammond, M. A.; Neville, B.; Connor, R. T.

2008-01-01

155

A Case of Forced Equity: Obtaining Spousal and Child Support From a Member of the Armed Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Comment presents an overview of procedures which the practitioner may employ to obtain spousal and child support from a service member stationed in the United States, identifies problems which may arise in these efforts, and discusses strategies to overcome those obstacles. The first section explains the military procedure for obtaining support and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of that

Georgetta Beck

2010-01-01

156

Global paediatric advanced life support: improving child survival in limited-resource settings.  

PubMed

Nearly all global mortality in children younger than 5 years (99%) occurs in developing countries. The leading causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years worldwide, pneumonia and diarrhoeal illness, account for 1·396 and 0·801 million annual deaths, respectively. Although important advances in prevention are being made, advanced life support management in children in developing countries is often incomplete because of limited resources. Existing advanced life support management guidelines for children in limited-resource settings are mainly empirical, rather than evidence-based, written for the hospital setting, not standardised with a systematic approach to patient assessment and categorisation of illness, and taught in current paediatric advanced life support training courses from the perspective of full-resource settings. In this Review, we focus on extension of higher quality emergency and critical care services to children in developing countries. When integrated into existing primary care programmes, simple inexpensive advanced life support management can improve child survival worldwide. PMID:23332963

Ralston, Mark E; Day, Louise T; Slusher, Tina M; Musa, Ndidiamaka L; Doss, Helen S

2013-01-19

157

Hypermasculinity, intimate partner violence, sexual aggression, social support, and child maltreatment risk in urban, heterosexual fathers taking parenting classes.  

PubMed

This study examines the relationships between hypermasculinity, sexual aggression, intimate partner violence, social support, and child maltreatment risk among heterosexual fathers completing parenting classes. Hypermasculinity scores were found to be significant predictors of study participants' reported verbal, physical, and sexual aggression toward their intimate partners. Only lack of social support, operationalized as the reported frequency of participants' conversations with friends, relatives, or neighbors about their problems, was found to be a significant predictor of child maltreatment risk. Alcohol frequency, education, and monthly income were not found to be unique, significant predictors of any dependent variables. Implications for clinical practice and research as well as limitations to the current study are discussed. PMID:20405780

Vasquez Guerrero, Desi Alonzo

2009-01-01

158

Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

2010-01-01

159

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

160

Childhood maltreatment, childhood social support, and child abuse potential in a Basque sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study obtained data on childhood physical and sexual abuse in a Basque sample in order to compare abuse rates with a similar study conducted in the United States. The study also examined the relationships between childhood physical and sexual abuse, childhood social support, and abuse potential in the Basque sample. Although the overall rates of physically abusive behaviors

Pedro Múgica; J MILNER

1995-01-01

161

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article illustrates the use of child-level and classroom data to inform an individualized mentoring protocol

Susan M. Zoll; Bobbi Rosenquest

2011-01-01

162

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

163

Examination of the Child Protective Services Decision-Making Context with Implications for Decision Support System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general perception of Child Protective Services (CPS) decision making is that it is inconsistent and prone to error. As a result, risk assessment instruments were developed to enable investigators to make better decisions. The present study uses a qualitative approach with an explicit theoretical framework pertinent to management information systems and decision support system design to examine the context

Dale Fitch

2006-01-01

164

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

165

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

166

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods,…

Sburlati, Elizabeth S.; Schniering, Carolyn A.; Lyneham, Heidi J.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2011-01-01

167

Facile fabrication of copper-supported ordered mesoporous carbon for antibacterial behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Copper-supported ordered mesoporous carbon (Cu\\/CMK-3) was prepared by impregnating ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) with CuCl2 aqueous solution. CMK-3 was served as a carrier for the continuous immobilization of Cu. The supported copper was observed to be the bivalence state, indicating that the Cu2+ ion was not reduced into cuprous species or metallic copper in the CMK-3. The BET surface area

Sanxiang Tan; Wujun Zou; Fengping Jiang; Shaozao Tan; Yingliang Liu; Dingsheng Yuan

2010-01-01

168

The support vector machine learning using the second order cone programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a data dependent learning method for the support vector machine. This method is based on the technique of second order cone programming. We reformulate the SVM quadratic problem into the second order cone problem. The proposed method requires decomposing the kernel matrix of SVM optimization problem. In this paper we apply Cholesky decomposition method. Since the kernel matrix

Rameswar Debnath; Masakazu Muramatsu; Haruhisa Takahashi

2004-01-01

169

Self-supporting hierarchically-structured hollow ordered porous carbon spheres from spatially tangent compression.  

PubMed

Self-supporting hierarchically-structured hollow ordered porous carbon spheres (HOPCSs) have been synthesized successfully using hollow ordered mesoporous silica spheres (HOMSSs) with MCM-41 pore structure within shells as templates. The SEM and TEM observations show that the final HOPCS product presents spherical morphology with hollow interiors. The results of HRTEM, small angle X-ray Diffraction (SAXRD) and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms confirm that the HOPCS inversely replicate the MCM41 hexagonally-stacked ordered microstructures within shells and possess the ordered porosity. Furthermore, the formation of ordered porous structures within HOPCSs is due to the two aspects below: (i) the inverse carbonaceous replicas filling in hexagonally-stacked mesopores in HOMSSs are compacted tangentially due to curvature difference along the radial direction, self-supporting ordered porous structures after removing silica template; (ii) the additional carbon deposition layers exist on the outside surface of the replicas, cooperatively cementing the carbon fillers. PMID:23646628

Wu, Xiao-Feng; Cui, Yan-Bin; Liao, Yu-Chao; Chen, Yun-Fa

2013-02-01

170

5 CFR 1655.19 - Effect of court order on loan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...order, qualifying legal process relating to a participant's legal obligation to provide child support or to make alimony payments, or a qualifying child abuse order, the participant's TSP account will be frozen. After the account is frozen,...

2013-01-01

171

Time To Care: Redesigning Child Care To Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refuting the widely held belief that the child care crisis in America is irresolvableor that it can be resolved by simply relying on market forcesthis book presents an alternative vision for ensuring that American families with children will have access to high-quality, affordable child care, shifting the perception of the issue as primarily one…

Lombardi, Joan

172

Relatives as Child Care Givers: After Hours Support for Nontraditional Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a sample of 1,841 families from the National Child Care Survey (1990) and accompanying Low-Income Supplement (1990) to determine the amount and timing of child care services offered by relatives to working families with young children. Results indicate that relative care is primarily provided by grandparents. Compared to other parents, single parents and those working nontraditional hours

Holly Jo Hair Hunts; Rosemary J. Avery

1998-01-01

173

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

174

Time To Care: Redesigning Child Care To Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refuting the widely held belief that the child care crisis in America is irresolvableor that it can be resolved by simply relying on market forcesthis book presents an alternative vision for ensuring that American families with children will have access to high-quality, affordable child care, shifting the perception of the issue as primarily one…

Lombardi, Joan

175

Home Management 7: Child Care Unit. Course Objectives, Content Analysis, Supporting Objectives and Content Generalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These curriculum materials represent a child care unit in a home management program which is concerned with consumer and family studies. The curriculum unit is designed to help young adolescents work successfully with small children. A career focus, that of baby sitter or child caregiver, forms the unit's conceptual framework. This publication…

Erickson, Susan, Comp.; Martin, Joan, Ed.

176

Determination of molecular order in supported lipid membranes by internal reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.  

PubMed Central

When polarized internal reflection infrared spectroscopy is used to determine molecular order in supported lipid membranes, the results are critically dependent on the accuracy of assumptions made about the evanescent electric field amplitudes in the membrane. In this work, we examine several expressions used for calculating evanescent electric field amplitudes in supported lipid monolayers and bilayers, and test their validity by measuring the infrared dichroism of poly-gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate and poly-beta-benzyl-L-aspartate under conditions in which their molecular order is known. Our results indicate that treating such systems as a simple single interface between two semi-infinite bulk phases is more accurate than the commonly employed thin-film approximation. This implies that earlier conclusions about molecular order in supported lipid membranes may require substantial revision.

Citra, M J; Axelsen, P H

1996-01-01

177

Nexclass: a Decision Support System for Non-Ordered multicriteria Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents NexClass, a Decision Support System (DSS) which supports classification of alternatives into predefined non-ordered categories according to their performance on evaluation criteria and implements a novel classification algorithm based on multicriteria analysis and outranking relations. More detailed, assignment to classes is based on the concept of non-exclusivity, which defines at what degree an alternative can be included

George Rigopoulos; DIMITRIOS T. H. ASKOUNIS; Konstantinos Metaxiotis

2010-01-01

178

Somalia: supporting the child survival agenda when routine health service is broken.  

PubMed

Somalia, one of the most unstable countries in the world, has been without a permanent government for nearly 2 decades. With a health system in total disarray, coverage of basic health interventions remains low and, maternal and child mortality is among the highest in the world. Health partners jointly outlined an integrated package of critical child survival interventions to be delivered through a population-based delivery strategy known as Child Health Days (CHDs), to reduce child mortality. Using this strategy, key child survival interventions are delivered to the community with an objective of reaching children <5 years and women of childbearing age in all districts of Somalia every 6 months. Through this strategy, immunization services were reached in remote areas, and coverage disparity between the urban and rural areas was reduced from 17% (42% urban and 25% rural) to 10% (50% urban and 60% rural). In addition, infants were reached with a third dose of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine, achieving 51% coverage during 2009 and 66% in 2010. This paper summarizes the challenges of scaling up child interventions in the troubled context of Somalia by reviewing the planning, implementation, and achievements of CHDs as well as reflecting on challenges for the future of child survival in Somalia. PMID:22315380

Mirza, Imran Raza; Kamadjeu, Raoul; Assegid, Kebede; Mulugeta, Abraham

2012-03-01

179

Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive Versus Controlling Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either an evaluation (mothers told their child would be evaluated by other children)

Wendy S. Grolnick; Carrie E. Price; Krista L. Beiswenger; Christine C. Sauck

2007-01-01

180

A Model of Therapist Competencies for the Empirically Supported Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety and Depressive Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

While a plethora of cognitive behavioral empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are available for treating child and adolescent\\u000a anxiety and depressive disorders, research has shown that these are not as effective when implemented in routine practice\\u000a settings. Research is now indicating that is partly due to ineffective EST training methods, resulting in a lack of therapist\\u000a competence. However, at present, the

Elizabeth S. Sburlati; Carolyn A. Schniering; Heidi J. Lyneham; Ronald M. Rapee

2011-01-01

181

Social Support Expectations and Strategic Ambiguity in Parent–Young Adult Child Divorce-Related Stressor Conversations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With communication privacy management and the divorce disclosure model as guiding frameworks, this study identified the stressors postdivorce families discussed as they mature, elucidated the types of social support parents and young adult children expected regarding divorce-related stress, and tested whether motivational and contextual factors prompted parents' use of strategic ambiguity while discussing stressors. By examining parent–child divorce-related stressor conversations

Tara G. McManus; Jon F. Nussbaum

2011-01-01

182

Child Feeding Practices, Authoritative Knowledge, and the Mediation of Social Support Networks Among New Canadian Mothers Living in Hamilton, Ontario  

Microsoft Academic Search

Migration and settlement are disruptive processes. Families are often under financial strain and are separated from family members and friends back in their home countries. For new mothers, this absence of social support adds to the challenge of raising a child in a new country.\\u000aThis research employs a mixed methodological approach in an investigation of infant feeding practices, maternal

Sarah Chadwick

2010-01-01

183

Early Parent-Child Interactions Predicting Later Child Behavior Problem Trajectories: The Role of Hostility and Supportive Presence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of early parenting behaviors on externalizing pathways over time. Specifically, we examined whether supportive presence and hostility in early childhood predicted externalizing behavior pathways across elementary school years in three possible ways: predicting initial levels of problems behavior, change in behavior over time, or both. Hierarchical linear modeling was

Karen Appleyard

184

Working Set Selection Using Second Order Information for Training Support Vector Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working set selection is an important step in decomposition methods for training support vector machines (SVMs). This paper develops a new technique for working set selection in SMO-type decomposition methods. It uses second order information to achieve fast con- vergence. Theoretical properties such as linear convergence are established. Experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is faster than existing selection methods

Rong-en Fan; Pai-hsuen Chen; Chih-jen Lin

2005-01-01

185

Genome-Wide Gene Order Distances Support a United Gram-Positive Bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have attempted to use a Monte Carlo approach to look for small genome-wide instances of gene order conservation. Our trees show the actinobacteria as a sister group to the bulk of the firmicutes. The results are supportive of a single origin for the gram-positive cell.

House, C. H.; Fitz-Gibbon, S. T.

2010-04-01

186

Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs. To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must

GILAD J. KUPERMAN; ANNE BOBB; T HOMAS H. PAYNE; ANTHONY J. AVERY; TEJAL K. GANDHI; GERARD BURNS; DAVID C. CLASSEN; DAVID W. BATES

2007-01-01

187

Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent molecular studies have cited the general incompleteness of the fossil record to support claims that most extant avian orders diverged in the mid-Cretaceous, some 40 m.y. before their first fossil appearances in the early Cenozoic. To evaluate these assertions, I used gap analysis to estimate confidence intervals for the beginnings of the observed stratigraphic ranges for the related extant

Robert Bleiweiss

1998-01-01

188

The Development of Linear Ordering Preferences in Child Language: The Influence of Accessibility and Topicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When communicating with their interlocutors, adults have a robust preference to order previously mentioned ("old") referents in the discourse before mentioning referents that have not yet been introduced in the discourse ("new"). But in an experimental study investigating phrasal conjuncts, 3- to 5-year-olds acquiring German exhibit a "new-old"…

Dimroth, Christine; Narasimhan, Bhuvana

2012-01-01

189

Formative evaluation of a collaborative community-based child abuse prevention project 1 1 This evaluation was supported by the Children’s Health Foundation of Northern Alberta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Together for Kids is a child abuse prevention project that serves children and families in two neighboring communities in a mid-sized Canadian city. The project, a collaborative endeavor of various agencies in the health, social services, and law enforcement sectors, focuses on preventing child abuse and neglect through family support and programming. This article presents the results of a

JUDEE E. ONYSKIW; MARGARET J. HARRISON; Don Spady; Linda McConnan

1999-01-01

190

An Analysis of the Order of Acquisition of English Grammatical Morphemes in a Bilingual Child. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study of bilingual language acquisition analyzes the order of acquisition of English grammatical morphemes in a child bilingual in English and Chichewa (a Bantu lanugage of East Central Africa). The order of acquisition obtained is compared to that obtained by Brown (1973) for monolingual English speaking children and that…

Chimombo, Moira

191

Left ventricular assist device support with a centrifugal pump for 2 months in a 5-kg child.  

PubMed

The mid-term and long-term results of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation for small children are still unsatisfactory. There have been few reports of LVAD implantation for more than a month in children weighing under 5 kg. We report the case of a 4-month-old female infant who survived for 2 months after being diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with extracorporeal centrifugal pump support. In recent years, although pumps designed for small children have been introduced and are used as a bridge to transplantation or recovery, mid-term or long-term mechanical support for small children with heart failure is still difficult. We managed to successfully provide support for a low-body-weight child with a centrifugal pump over a mid-term period. We achieved acceptable control of thrombosis, but eventually the infant died of sepsis. Autopsy revealed no prominent thrombosis in the perfusion cannula, drainage cannula, the pump, or the left ventricle. This is the first case report of LVAD support with the centrifugal pump, ROTAFLOW(®) (Maquet, Rastatt, Germany), for 2 months in a child weighing under 5 kg. Our method may potentially save severe heart failure children who need mid-term LVAD support. PMID:21597960

Inoue, Takafumi; Nishimura, Takashi; Murakami, Arata; Itatani, Keiichi; Takaoka, Tetsuhiro; Kitahori, Kazuo; Umeki, Akihide; Takezoe, Toshiko; Kashiwa, Koichi; Kyo, Shunei; Ono, Minoru

2011-05-20

192

The role of Protestant children's homes in nineteenth-century Ontario: child rescue or family support?  

PubMed

The Children's Protection Act of 1893 introduced Ontario's first full-fledged child protection scheme. However; for half a century, children's homes had been helping disadvantaged children, and they played a key role in the evolution of an empathetic child-protection system. During the course of the nineteenth century, the provincial government had increasingly accepted responsibility for disadvantaged children and had developed legislative definitions of a child in need of protection and of neglect that were incorporated into the 1893 Act. The work of the children's homes went hand in hand with these developments, as they not only helped needy children but also helped develop these concepts of neglect and provided models for the home placements promoted by J. J. Kelso and mandated by the Act. PMID:19244840

Neff, Charlotte

2009-01-01

193

Child multi-type maltreatment and associated depression and PTSD symptoms: The role of social support and stress  

PubMed Central

Objective This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women’s lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method Participants were 100 women recruited from an inner-city gynecological treatment center for low-income women. Data were analyzed via structural equation modeling (SEM) with Lisrel 8.0. Results CMM was directly predictive of decreased social support and increased stress in adulthood. CMM was also directly predictive of PTSD symptoms, but not depression symptoms in adulthood. Social support partially mediated the relationship between CMM and adult PTSD symptoms, and stress fully mediated the relationship between CMM and adult symptoms of depression. Conclusions Findings support both direct and mediational effects of social resources on adult depression and PTSD symptoms in women with histories of CMM, suggesting that resources are key factors in psychological adjustment of CMM victims.

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

194

Learn locally, think globally: Exemplar variability supports higher-order generalization and word learning  

PubMed Central

Research suggests variability supports successful categorization, however, the scope of variability’s support at the level of higher-order generalization remains unexplored. A longitudinal study examined the role of exemplar variability in first- and second-order generalization in the context of early nominal-category learning. Sixteen eighteen-month-old children were taught twelve categories. Half were taught with sets of highly similar exemplars; half with sets of more variable exemplars. Participants’ learning and generalization of trained labels and their development of more general word-learning biases were tested. All children learned labels for trained exemplars, but children trained with variable exemplars generalized to novel exemplars of these categories, developed a discriminating word-learning bias generalizing labels of novel solid objects by shape and nonsolids by material, and accelerated in vocabulary acquisition. These data demonstrate that variability leads to better abstraction of individual and global category organization, increasing learning outside the laboratory.

Perry, Lynn K.; Samuelson, Larissa K.; Malloy, Lisa M.; Schiffer, Ryan N.

2011-01-01

195

Review Paper: Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs.To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must understand

Gilad J. Kuperman; Anne M. Bobb; Thomas H. Payne; Anthony J. Avery; Tejal K. Gandhi; Gerard Burns; David C. Classen; David W. Bates

2007-01-01

196

Decision support for medication use in an inpatient physician order entry application and a pharmacy application.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that adverse drug events are common, expensive, and due to causes that can be remedied by information technologies. At our institution we have developed a physician order entry application and a pharmacy application designed to decrease the risk of such adverse drug events. In this paper, we describe the applications, with attention to the clinical decision support features present in each. We also describe the manner in which the two applications interact. PMID:10384500

Kuperman, G J; Cooley, T; Tremblay, J; Teich, J M; Churchill, W

1998-01-01

197

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

198

Do Relationship and Child Characteristics Predict Supportive Coparenting After Relationship Dissolution Among At-Risk Parents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative coparenting after relationship dissolution has been shown to be associated with increased father involvement which can buffer against the negative effects of parental relationship dissolution. Low-income, at-risk families are much more likely to experience relationship dissolutions; hence, coparenting after dissolution is particularly important in these families. We examined whether relationship and child characteristics predicted initial levels of, and change

Claire M. Kamp Dush; Letitia E. Kotila; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan

2010-01-01

199

Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

2006-01-01

200

Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

Education Next, 2007

2007-01-01

201

A Project to Support a Utilization Program for the Parent/Child Toy Lending Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was designed to stimulate the fullest and most rapid possible utilization of the Parent/Child Toy Lending Library. The Library is an eight-week course for parents of pre-school children. Parents learn how to teach concepts such as color match...

1973-01-01

202

COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

2005-01-01

203

Office of Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... visit usa.gov What is the Office of Child Care (OCC)? The Office of Child Care supports low-income working families through child care financial assistance and promotes children's learning by improving ...

204

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct

Elizabeth H. Snyder; C. Nicole Lawrence; Kenneth A. Dodge

2012-01-01

205

25 CFR 11.1206 - Obtaining a regular (non-emergency) order of protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures...committed an act of domestic violence to provide...custody of any children involved when...visitation rights, child support...committed an act of domestic violence not to...

2013-04-01

206

25 CFR 11.1206 - Obtaining a regular (non-emergency) order of protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures...committed an act of domestic violence to provide...custody of any children involved when...visitation rights, child support...committed an act of domestic violence not to...

2010-04-01

207

25 CFR 11.1206 - Obtaining a regular (non-emergency) order of protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures...committed an act of domestic violence to provide...custody of any children involved when...visitation rights, child support...committed an act of domestic violence not to...

2009-04-01

208

Need for and access to supportive services in the child welfare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine how geographical availability of social services is related to foster care entry rates\\u000a and referrals for child maltreatment investigations. The primary concerns are to (1) determine locations across Los Angeles\\u000a County where the availability of social services is low but display a high need for those services and (2) begin to examine

Bridget Freisthler

209

Computerized clinical decision support during medication ordering for long-term care residents with renal insufficiency.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To determine whether a computerized clinical decision support system providing patient-specific recommendations in real-time improves the quality of prescribing for long-term care residents with renal insufficiency. DESIGN Randomized trial within the long-stay units of a large long-term care facility. Randomization was within blocks by unit type. Alerts related to medication prescribing for residents with renal insufficiency were displayed to prescribers in the intervention units and hidden but tracked in control units. Measurement The proportions of final drug orders that were appropriate were compared between intervention and control units within alert categories: (1) recommended medication doses; (2) recommended administration frequencies; (3) recommendations to avoid the drug; (4) warnings of missing information. RESULTS The rates of alerts were nearly equal in the intervention and control units: 2.5 per 1,000 resident days in the intervention units and 2.4 in the control units. The proportions of dose alerts for which the final drug orders were appropriate were similar between the intervention and control units (relative risk 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.83, 1.1) for the remaining alert categories significantly higher proportions of final drug orders were appropriate in the intervention units: relative risk 2.4 for maximum frequency (1.4, 4.4); 2.6 for drugs that should be avoided (1.4, 5.0); and 1.8 for alerts to acquire missing information (1.1, 3.4). Overall, final drug orders were appropriate significantly more often in the intervention units-relative risk 1.2 (1.0, 1.4). CONCLUSIONS Clinical decision support for physicians prescribing medications for long-term care residents with renal insufficiency can improve the quality of prescribing decisions. Trial Registration: http://clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00599209. PMID:19390107

Field, Terry S; Rochon, Paula; Lee, Monica; Gavendo, Linda; Baril, Joann L; Gurwitz, Jerry H

2009-04-23

210

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

2004-01-01

211

Effectiveness of a real-time clinical decision support system for computerized physician order entry of plasma orders.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of implementing adaptive plasma ordering criteria in the computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system, with alerts that were automatically generated if the recipient's antecedent international normalized ratio (INR) did not meet the institutional criteria. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a regional health care system consisting of 11 hospitals using a common CPOE, data on the number of plasma orders and alerts that were generated were collected over a 4-month period before prescribers were required to select an indication for plasma. When adaptive ordering was implemented prescribers had to choose from prepopulated indications for plasma: INR of 1.6 or greater with bleeding, INR of 1.6 or greater before an invasive procedure, therapeutic exchange, massive transfusion, and other. Regardless of the antecedent INR the alert did not trigger if massive transfusion or plasmapheresis was selected. Information on prescribers and recipients was collected during this 5-month period. RESULTS: In the 4-month period before the adaptive alerts were implemented, 42.9% of the plasma orders generated an alert; in the 5-month period thereafter the alert rate was significantly lower at 27.9% (p?orders were for periprocedure or bleeding patients whose antecedent INR was less than 1.6. There were significant differences in prescriber specialties among those who ordered plasma using the other indication compared to all plasma orders. CONCLUSION: Electronic interventions improve compliance with plasma guidelines but as implemented are not sufficient to completely curtail non-evidence-based ordering. PMID:23627673

Yazer, Mark H; Triulzi, Darrell J; Reddy, Vivek; Waters, Jonathan H

2013-04-30

212

31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...than a former spouse and/or child for whom support is being collected...processing garnishment orders for child support and/or alimony...payment that was offset; the identity of the State which requested...persons who are delinquent in child support obligations that...

2013-07-01

213

Post-traumatic stress disorder: a reaction to state-supported child abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

The policy of apartheid not only fosters conditions conducive to child abuse and neglect, but is in itself abusive. Apartheid policies have led to civil unrest and high levels of violence in South Africa's black townships. Many youth are thus exposed to multiple trauma including witnessing death, being arrested, being beaten, being in exile, and being separated from family and friends. This had led many to develop Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) although this term is a misnomer in the South African context as traumatic stress is not historic but is current. Treatment programs have thus to be modified to accommodate the impossibility of guaranteeing even the physical safety of patients. They have also to be modified to accommodate the fact that most black youth are totally unfamiliar with the notion of the "talking cure." This paper describes a modified treatment program for PTSD which was developed in working with a group of 60 township refugees. Systematic follow up studies of its effectiveness were impossible as many of those treated have gone into hiding to escape the continuing violence in their communities, a violence facilitated by the ultimate guardian of the child, the State. However there are indications that the program was successful in providing immediate relief. PMID:3167624

Straker, G; Moosa, F

1988-01-01

214

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

2004-01-01

215

Fostering Supportive Teacher–Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and the purpose of this study was to examine teachers' implementation of Banking Time.

Katherine C. Driscoll; Lijuan Wang; Andrew J. Mashburn; Robert C. Pianta

2011-01-01

216

Clinical decision support and acute low back pain: evidence-based order sets.  

PubMed

Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for visits to physicians in the ambulatory care setting. Estimated medical expenditures related to low back pain have increased disproportionately relative to the more modest increase in the prevalence of self-reported low back pain in the past decade. The increase in spine care expenditures has not been associated with improved patient outcomes. Evidence-based order templates presented in this article are designed to assist practitioners through the process of managing patients with acute low back pain. A logical method of choosing, developing, and implementing clinical decision support interventions is presented that is based on the best available scientific evidence. These templates may be reasonably expected to improve patient care, decrease inappropriate imaging utilization, reduce the inappropriate use of steroids and narcotics, and potentially decrease the number of inappropriate invasive procedures. PMID:23025864

Forseen, Scott E; Corey, Amanda S

2012-10-01

217

Support Guidelines.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

218

THE INFLUENCE OF PARENT-CHILD RELATEDNESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT ON DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN ASTHMATIC CHILDREN: TESTS OF MODERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The Brofenbrenner(1979) ecological theory was applied to examine the relationship between parent and child depressive mood,and the moderation of relational quality at two levels; 1) parent-child (within family) and 2) family-socialsupport (outside family) levels. It was hypothesized that both levels would buffer the predictive association of parent to child depressive mood. At the first level, the parent-child depressive mood,association

LAWANDA CUMMINGS

219

Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Linguistic Input Support to a Prelingually Deaf Child with Cued Speech: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper studies the linguistic input attended by a deaf child exposed to cued speech (CS) in the final part of her prelinguistic period (18-24 months). Subjects are the child, her mother, and her therapist. Analyses have provided data about the quantity of input directed to the child (oral input, more than 1,000 words per half-an-hour session;…

Torres, Santiago; Moreno-Torres, Ignacio; Santana, Rafael

2006-01-01

220

Families of Children with Prader-Willi Syndrome: Stress-Support and Relations to Child Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined stress-support in 42 families of 3- to 18-year-old children with Prader-Willi Syndrome. While children's age, intelligence quotient, and degree of obesity were not related to familial stress, families experienced greater stress when children showed more behavior problems overall, more externalizing and internalizing problems,…

Hodapp, Robert M.; And Others

1997-01-01

221

Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Inattentive Behavior in a Japanese Regular Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nondisruptive problem behaviors exist to a large extent in group-oriented Japanese regular classrooms. However, many children remain untreated. We implemented an antecedent-based functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and developed a behavioral support program for a first-grade boy who exhibited inattentive behavior in a Japanese regular…

Baba, Chiharu; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

2011-01-01

222

The Correctional Orientation of "Child Savers": Support for Rehabilitation and Custody among Juvenile Correctional Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have explored levels and sources of support for rehabilitation and custody among correctional workers. However, the vast majority of this type of research has been conducted in adult facilities, and there are few existing studies that use samples of juvenile correctional workers. To help address this gap in the literature, we use a…

Blevins, Kristie R.; Cullen, Francis T.; Sundt, Jody L.

2007-01-01

223

Welfare Dynamics, Support Services, Mothers' Earnings, and Child Cognitive Development: Implications for Contemporary Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were used to examine the effects of welfare reform on children. Although effect sizes were generally small, the findings suggested the potential value of welfare-reform approaches that emphasized long-term human-capital development. Positive effects of support services on earnings were strongest…

Yoshikawa, Hirokazu

1999-01-01

224

The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

2011-01-01

225

A Person-Centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent-child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12-15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach,…

Weaver, Scott R.; Kim, Su Yeong

2008-01-01

226

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

227

Service support to families caring for a child with a sickle cell disorder or thalassaemia: the experience of health professionals, service managers and health commissioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, health care policy has largely ignored sickle cell disorders (SCDs) and thalassaemia. This is despite the difficulties faced by service users and their families: the consequences of which range from denial of informed choice to avoidable suffering and stress. This article, by presenting material from a qualitative evaluation of service support to families caring for a child with

Karl Atkin; Waqar Ahmad; Elizabeth Anionwu

1998-01-01

228

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

229

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism: Longitudinal, Single-Case, Experimental, and Descriptive Replication and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the efficacy, social validity, and durability of a positive behavior support (PBS) approach with the family of a girl with autism and severe problem behavior. The study was conducted across a 10-year period beginning when the child was 5 years old. A multiple baseline across family routines design evaluated the functional…

Lucyshyn, Joseph M.; Albin, Richard W.; Horner, Robert H.; Mann, Jane C.; Mann, James A.; Wadsworth, Gina

2007-01-01

230

What Works for One: Practice Considerations for Supporting a Child or Young Person with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Drawn from Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an analysis of the reports submitted to the Ministry of Education by teams and mentors who took part in the autism spectrum disorder participatory action research (ASD PAR) project. The key findings highlight the importance of: individualised support based on a sound knowledge of the child or young person; strategies targeted at…

Kelly, Anna

2008-01-01

231

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

232

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

233

Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

2006-01-01

234

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

235

Implementing Child Care in the Family Support Act. Family Impact Seminar (Washington, D.C., May 18, 1990). Meeting Highlights and Background Briefing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of family impact seminars, the meeting described in this document was held to discuss the child care provisions of the Family Support Act (FSA). This document provides highlights of the seminar and a background briefing report prepared before the meeting. The highlights section summarizes presentations by the seminar's four…

Ooms, Theodora; Herendeen, Lisa

236

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

237

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent–child differences in cultural\\u000a orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American\\u000a parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation\\u000a were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though

Scott R. Weaver; Su Yeong Kim

2008-01-01

238

Middle School Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of the Whole Child Professional Development Program Based on the PA School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Cohort Training System and the Thom Stecher and Associates Adult Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole child education is the process of supporting the social and emotional needs of students. By supporting the various non-academic needs of students, the social distractions and disadvantages are reduced and the academic needs have a greater opportunity to flourish. Whole child education is designed to foster a sense of social justice as the…

Antonio, Chad

2009-01-01

239

Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of linguistic input support to a prelingually deaf child with cued speech: A case study.  

PubMed

This paper studies the linguistic input attended by a deaf child exposed to cued speech (CS) in the final part of her prelinguistic period (18-24 months). Subjects are the child, her mother, and her therapist. Analyses have provided data about the quantity of input directed to the child (oral input, more than 1,000 words per half-an-hour session; cued ratio, more than 60% of oral input; and attended ratio, more than 55% of oral input), its linguistic quality (lexical variety, grammatical complexity, etc.), and other properties of interaction (child attention and use of spontaneous gestures). Results show that both adults provided a rich linguistic input to the child and that the child attended most of the input that the adults cued. These results might explain the positive linguistic development of children exposed early to CS. PMID:16840541

Torres, Santiago; Moreno-Torres, Ignacio; Santana, Rafael

2006-07-13

240

When ordering meals, please check your child's schedule carefully for days he or she will not be in school due to field trips, etc. There are no refunds for missed meals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year we upgrade the lunch program by adding a variety of new requested child friendly meals as well as traditional favorites. The meal ordering process remains unchanged from last year. You will receive a new menu and order form approximately every 6 weeks. Meals are ordered by circling the days you wish to order and returning the completed form

Vernon M. Rhea; Deb Berry

2007-01-01

241

Role of support-nanoalloy interactions in the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering for tuning catalytic sites  

SciTech Connect

The understanding of the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering in supported nanosized alloy particles is fundamental for achieving active catalysts by design. This report shows how such knowledge can be obtained by a combination of techniques including x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and synchrotron radiation based x-ray fine structure absorption spectroscopy and high-energy x-ray diffraction coupled to atomic pair distribution function analysis, and how the support-nanoalloy interaction influences the catalytic activity of a ternary nanoalloy (platinum-nickel-cobalt) particles on three different supports: carbon, silica and titania. The reaction of carbon monoxide with oxygen is employed as a probe of the catalytic activity. This ternary composition, in combination with the different support materials, is demonstrated to be capable of fine-tuning the catalytic activity and stability. The support-nanoalloy interaction is shown to influence structural and chemical ordering in the nanoparticles, leading to support-tunable active sites on the nanoalloys for oxygen activation in the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide. A nickel/cobalt-tuned catalytic site on the surface of nanoalloy was revealed for oxygen activation, which differs from the traditional oxygen-activation sites known for oxide-supported noble metal catalysts. The discovery of such support-nanoalloy interaction enabled oxygen-activation sites introduces a very promising strategy for designing active catalysts in heterogeneous catalysis.

Yang, Lefu; Shan, Shiyao; Loukrakpam, Rameshwori; Petkov, Valeri; Ren, Yang; Wanjala, Bridgid N.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Luo, Jin; Yin, Jun; Chen, Yongsheng; Zhong, Chuan-Jian

2012-09-12

242

A support for enhancing verbal behavior in a child with autism: The effects of choice-making of activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the opportunity to choose activities increased verbal requests and the duration of engaging in activities in a child with autism who had some speech but no mand. After baseline sessions, the child was taught to choose one of several photographs that depicted various activities, and was required to make a

ISHIHARA Sachiko; AOKI Chihoko; MOCHIZUKI Akira

243

A View from the Inside:  Complexity in the Atomic Scale Ordering of Supported Metal Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report, we describe the use of several analytical techniques, including X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), electron microscopy, and electron diffraction, as tools for characterizing the structural dynamics of supported Pt nanoscale particles. We examined several carbon-supported samples. Electron microscopy shows that the particles in these samples (S1-S3) have average particle diameters of roughly 20, 40, and 60 Å respectively,

Anatoly I. Frenkel; Charles W. Hills; Ralph G. Nuzzo

2001-01-01

244

Ordered nanoporous arrays of carbon supporting high dispersions of platinum nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanostructured carbon materials are potentially of great technological interest for the development of electronic, catalytic and hydrogen-storage systems. Here we describe a general strategy for the synthesis of highly ordered, rigid arrays of nanoporous carbon having uniform but tunable diameters (typically 6 nanometres inside and 9 nanometres outside). These structures are formed by using ordered mesoporous silicas as templates, the

Sang Hoon Joo; Seong Jae Choi; Ilwhan Oh; Juhyoun Kwak; Zheng Liu; Osamu Terasaki; Ryong Ryoo

2001-01-01

245

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment.

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

246

Predicting residue-wise contact orders in proteins by support vector regression  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The residue-wise contact order (RWCO) describes the sequence separations between the residues of interest and its contacting residues in a protein sequence. It is a new kind of one-dimensional protein structure that represents the extent of long-range contacts and is considered as a generalization of contact order. Together with secondary structure, accessible surface area, the B factor, and contact

Jiangning Song; Kevin Burrage

2006-01-01

247

Going-to-scale with the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program: use of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) system to optimize fidelity, participation and child outcomes.  

PubMed

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L; August, Gerald J; Lee, Susanne S; Lee, Chih-Yuan S; Realmuto, George M; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2012-12-05

248

A Linearly Convergent Linear-Time First-Order Algorithm for Support Vector Classication with a Core Set Result  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple, rst-order approximation algorithm for the support vector classication problem. Given a pair of linearly separable data sets and 2 (0; 1), the proposed algorithm computes a separating hyperplane whose margin is within a factor of (1 ) of that of the maximum-margin separating hyperplane. We discuss how our algorithm can be extended to nonlinearly separable and

Piyush Kumar; E. Alper Yldrm

249

The Importance of Navigation Support and Reading Order on Hypertext Learning and Cognitive Load  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems in hypertext learning seem to relate with high levels of cognitive load that learners suffer during hypertext reading. One important factor that can increases cognitive load is the number of links per page (DeStefano & LeFevre, 2007). Several navigation support techniques, such as link suggestions, have been proposed to reduce cognitive load. In an experiment we tested the effects

Mari Carmen Puerta Melguizo; Herre van Oostendorp

250

On Being Bottom of the Pecking Order: Beginner Teachers' Perceptions and Experiences of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a large-scale, longitudinal study of teachers' experiences of initial teacher preparation and early professional development in England. Data were generated via annual surveys, in-depth interviews and email communications. The study established that beginner teachers' perceptions of the support they received…

Hobson, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

251

On Being Bottom of the Pecking Order: Beginner Teachers' Perceptions and Experiences of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents findings from a large-scale, longitudinal study of teachers' experiences of initial teacher preparation and early professional development in England. Data were generated via annual surveys, in-depth interviews and email communications. The study established that beginner teachers' perceptions of the support they received…

Hobson, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

252

On being bottom of the pecking order: beginner teachers’ perceptions and experiences of support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings from a large?scale, longitudinal study of teachers’ experiences of initial teacher preparation and early professional development in England. Data were generated via annual surveys, in?depth interviews and email communications. The study established that beginner teachers’ perceptions of the support they received were a major factor shaping their experiences of becoming and being a teacher. This article

Andrew J. Hobson

2009-01-01

253

Support for the Existence of an Independent Man-to-Child Affiliative Bond: Fatherhood as a Biocultural Invention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the topic of fatherhood has received increased attention of late, the conceptualization of the father role tends to be diffuse or inchoate. Some theorists and models explicitly assume a tabula rasa position; others implicitly assume such a position. This article argues that there is an independent man-to-child affiliative bond. Over 55,000 adult-child dyads from 23 cultures and subcultures were

Wade C. Mackey

2001-01-01

254

Experience of parenthood, couple relationship, social support, and child-rearing goals in planned lesbian mother families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on factors that are assumed to influence the parent-child

Henny M. W. Bos; Frank van Balen; Dymphna C. van den Boom

2004-01-01

255

Cruise tourism externalities and residents' support: A generalized ordered logit analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates residents' preferences towards cruise tourism investment in their home port. The research uses data collected during the peak cruise season in 2011 at Messina, a port of call in Sicily, Italy. A generalized ordered logit analysis is run to analyse what factors influence the residents' preferences towards investment in cruise tourism. Positive and negative externalities produced by

Juan Gabriel Brida; Giacomo Del Chiappa; Marta Meleddu; Manuela Pulina

2012-01-01

256

Parental Kidnaping and Child Support. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Problems of Domestic and International Kidnaping and Child Support Enforcement (July 19, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Senate hearing on parental kidnapping and child support. Opening statements are included from Senators Arlen Specter and Mich McConnell. Rebecca Hickman testifies about her experience when her daughter was abducted by the noncustodial father and taken to Iran. Hickman asks…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

257

An Extension of the Boyer-Moore Theorem Prover to Support First-Order Quantification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an implementation of an extension to the Boyer-Moore Theorem Prover and logic that allows first-order quantification. The extension retains the capabilities of the Boyer-Moore system while allowing the increased flexibility in specification and proof that is provided by quantifiers. The idea is to Skolemize in an appropriate manner. We demonstrate the power of this approach by describing three

Matt Kaufmann

1992-01-01

258

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership.  

PubMed

Pregnancy and the early years of the child's life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child's health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment. PMID:20885797

Olds, David L

2008-12-01

259

Ordered mesoporous phenolic resins: highly versatile and ultra stable support materials.  

PubMed

Ordered mesoporous phenolic resins and carbons - an advanced class of ultra-stable mesoporous materials - offer potential applications in the field of catalysis, electrodes and adsorbents. This review gives an extensive overview of the main principles and the recent progress made in the synthesis of these innovative materials using the soft-template method. Furthermore, the versatility towards functionalization and the incorporation of hetero-atoms in the organic framework of the mesoporous resins and carbons are considered. Finally, the broad range of potential applications is discussed and future perspectives in the field of mesoporous polymers and carbons are given. PMID:22525791

Muylaert, Ilke; Verberckmoes, An; De Decker, Jeroen; Van Der Voort, Pascal

2012-04-06

260

A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent-Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent– child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though qualified, for the notion that generational dissonance is linked to depressive symptoms through decreased supportive parenting. In general, having a parent with a bicultural profile seemed to be most advantageous if adolescents similarly had a bicultural profile, whereas more American oriented adolescents with more Chinese oriented parents reported the least supportive parenting and most depressive symptoms. Directions for future research and the benefits of using a person-centered approach in research of acculturation and generational dissonance are discussed.

Kim, Su Yeong

2009-01-01

261

Short-term memory for serial order supports vocabulary development: New evidence from a novel word learning paradigm.  

PubMed

Although recent studies suggest a strong association between short-term memory (STM) for serial order and lexical development, the precise mechanisms linking the two domains remain to be determined. This study explored the nature of these mechanisms via a microanalysis of performance on serial order STM and novel word learning tasks. In the experiment, 6- and 7-year-old children were administered tasks maximizing STM for either item or serial order information as well as paired-associate learning tasks involving the learning of novel words, visual symbols, or familiar word pair associations. Learning abilities for novel words were specifically predicted by serial order STM abilities. A measure estimating the precision of serial order coding predicted the rate of correct repetitions and the rate of phoneme migration errors during the novel word learning process. In line with recent theoretical accounts, these results suggest that serial order STM supports vocabulary development via ordered and detailed reactivation of the novel phonological sequences that characterize new words. PMID:24056204

Majerus, Steve; Boukebza, Claire

2013-09-20

262

Can computerized clinical decision support systems improve practitioners' diagnostic test ordering behavior? A decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Underuse and overuse of diagnostic tests have important implications for health outcomes and costs. Decision support technology purports to optimize the use of diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The objective of this review was to assess whether computerized clinical decision support systems (CCDSSs) are effective at improving ordering of tests for diagnosis, monitoring of disease, or monitoring of treatment. The outcome of interest was effect on the diagnostic test-ordering behavior of practitioners. Methods We conducted a decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid's EBM Reviews database, Inspec, and reference lists for eligible articles published up to January 2010. We included randomized controlled trials comparing the use of CCDSSs to usual practice or non-CCDSS controls in clinical care settings. Trials were eligible if at least one component of the CCDSS gave suggestions for ordering or performing a diagnostic procedure. We considered studies 'positive' if they showed a statistically significant improvement in at least 50% of test ordering outcomes. Results Thirty-five studies were identified, with significantly higher methodological quality in those published after the year 2000 (p = 0.002). Thirty-three trials reported evaluable data on diagnostic test ordering, and 55% (18/33) of CCDSSs improved testing behavior overall, including 83% (5/6) for diagnosis, 63% (5/8) for treatment monitoring, 35% (6/17) for disease monitoring, and 100% (3/3) for other purposes. Four of the systems explicitly attempted to reduce test ordering rates and all succeeded. Factors of particular interest to decision makers include costs, user satisfaction, and impact on workflow but were rarely investigated or reported. Conclusions Some CCDSSs can modify practitioner test-ordering behavior. To better inform development and implementation efforts, studies should describe in more detail potentially important factors such as system design, user interface, local context, implementation strategy, and evaluate impact on user satisfaction and workflow, costs, and unintended consequences.

2011-01-01

263

Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. Results The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula, Sipunculus nudus, is presented. All 37 genes characteristic for metazoan mtDNA were detected and are encoded on the same strand. The mitochondrial gene order (protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes) resembles that of annelids, but shows several derivations so far found only in Sipuncula. Sequence based phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein-coding genes results in significant bootstrap support for Annelida sensu lato, combining Annelida together with Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Conclusion The mitochondrial sequence data support a close relationship of Annelida and Sipuncula. Also the most parsimonious explanation of changes in gene order favours a derivation from the annelid gene order. These results complement findings from recent phylogenetic analyses of nuclear encoded genes as well as a report of a segmental neural patterning in Sipuncula.

Mwinyi, Adina; Meyer, Achim; Bleidorn, Christoph; Lieb, Bernhard; Bartolomaeus, Thomas; Podsiadlowski, Lars

2009-01-01

264

Experience of Parenthood, Couple Relationship, Social Support, and Child-Rearing Goals in Planned Lesbian Mother Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on…

Bos, Henny M. W.; Van Balen, Frank; Van Den Boom, Dymphna C.

2004-01-01

265

Mothering with Intellectual Disabilities: Relationship between Social Support, Health and Well-Being, Parenting and Child Behaviour Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a general agreement in the literature that no systematic correlation exists between parental intellectual disability "per se" and parenting performance. Yet, a few studies in the field of parents and parenting with intellectual disability have explored other potential determinants of parenting and child outcomes. In this…

Aunos, Marjorie; Feldman, Maurice; Goupil, Georgette

2008-01-01

266

Supported noble metals on hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanotube arrays as highly ordered electrodes for fuel cells.  

PubMed

Hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanotube (H-TNT) arrays serve as highly ordered nanostructured electrode supports, which are able to significantly improve the electrochemical performance and durability of fuel cells. The electrical conductivity of H-TNTs increases by approximately one order of magnitude in comparison to air-treated TNTs. The increase in the number of oxygen vacancies and hydroxyl groups on the H-TNTs help to anchor a greater number of Pt atoms during Pt electrodeposition. The H-TNTs are pretreated by using a successive ion adsorption and reaction (SIAR) method that enhances the loading and dispersion of Pt catalysts when electrodeposited. In the SIAR method a Pd activator can be used to provide uniform nucleation sites for Pt and leads to increased Pt loading on the H-TNTs. Furthermore, fabricated Pt nanoparticles with a diameter of 3.4 nm are located uniformly around the pretreated H-TNT support. The as-prepared and highly ordered electrodes exhibit excellent stability during accelerated durability tests, particularly for the H-TNT-loaded Pt catalysts that have been annealed in ultrahigh purity H2 for a second time. There is minimal decrease in the electrochemical surface area of the as-prepared electrode after 1000 cycles compared to a 68 % decrease for the commercial JM 20 % Pt/C electrode after 800 cycles. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that after the H-TNT-loaded Pt catalysts are annealed in H2 for the second time, the strong metal-support interaction between the H-TNTs and the Pt catalysts enhances the electrochemical stability of the electrodes. Fuel-cell testing shows that the power density reaches a maximum of 500 mWcm(-2) when this highly ordered electrode is used as the anode. When used as the cathode in a fuel cell with extra-low Pt loading, the new electrode generates a specific power density of 2.68 kWg(Pt) (-1) . It is indicated that H-TNT arrays, which have highly ordered nanostructures, could be used as ordered electrode supports. PMID:23450835

Zhang, Changkun; Yu, Hongmei; Li, Yongkun; Gao, Yuan; Zhao, Yun; Song, Wei; Shao, Zhigang; Yi, Baolian

2013-02-28

267

Kinship Caregivers and the Child Welfare System  

MedlinePLUS

... Centered Casework Practice Family Group Decision-Making Engaging Communities to Support Families Creating a Family-Centered Agency Culture Child Abuse & Neglect Child Abuse & Neglect Home Overview ...

268

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

269

Order and disorder in edge-supported pure amorphous Si and pure amorphous Si on Si(001).  

SciTech Connect

We report results from an investigation into hidden anisotropy in pure fully-dense amorphous silicon. For amorphous silicon in intimate contact with a crystalline Si(001) substrate, one can reasonably expect that the interface with the substrate may impose anisotropy in the form of distorted ordering within the film. Indeed, we found four-fold periodic intensity variations, with bimodal intensity centered along the substrate c-Si < 110> directions, in the X-ray scattering from a-Si on Si(001). These well-defined intensity variations disappeared entirely in X-ray scattering from edge-supported a-Si films, where there was no detectable anisotropy.

Xie, R.; Long, G. G.; Weigand, SJ; Moss, SC; Roorda, S (X-Ray Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. of Houston); (Univ. de Montreal)

2011-07-01

270

A Pragmatic Approach to Implementing Best Practices for Clinical Decision Support Systems in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems  

PubMed Central

Incorporation of clinical decision support (CDS) capabilities is required to realize the greatest benefits from computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems. Discussions at a conference on CDS in CPOE held in San Francisco, California, June 21–22, 2005 produced several papers in this issue of JAMIA. The first paper reviews CDS for electronic prescribing within CPOE systems; 1 the second describes current controversies regarding creation, maintenance, and uses of CPOE order sets for CDS; 2 and the third presents issues related to certification as a potential means of validating CPOE systems for widespread use. 3 This manuscript summarizes all of the discussions at the meeting and provides a pragmatically oriented view of how to implement CPOE with CDS.

Gross, Peter A.; Bates, David W.

2007-01-01

271

3 CFR 7476 - Proclamation 7476 of October 1, 2001. Child Health Day, 2001  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...necessary, and to monitor their children's conditions closely in order...committed to supporting families and children in need and to improving our education system so that no child is left behind. Let us work together as...

2002-01-01

272

Child Care-Who Needs It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Child care" is a phrase which has become inextricably linked with the political, economic, and social policies of Australian society. Antagonists and protagonists of child care have put forth arguments against and for child care, respectively, over the past two decades. Supporters of child care have variously viewed child care as a needs-based…

Clyde, Margaret

273

Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and…

McBride, Brent A.; Groves, Melissa; Barbour, Nancy; Horm, Diane; Stremmel, Andrew; Lash, Martha; Bersani, Carol; Ratekin, Cynthia; Moran, James; Elicker, James; Toussaint, Susan

2012-01-01

274

GENDER AND CHANGES IN SUPPORT OF PARENTS IN CHINA:Implications for the One-Child Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese traditionally have valued sons over daughters, depending on their sons to support them in old age. Recent changes, however, suggest a shift toward greater gender equality, with daughters also keeping elderly parents. The present study, undertaken in 1979 in the People's Republic of China, assessed attitudes of 48 university staff members toward financial support for aged parents and

LUCY C. YU; YANJU YU; PHYLLIS KERNOFF MANSFIELD

1990-01-01

275

Early Childhood Educators' Use of Language-Support Practices with 4-Year-Old Children in Child Care Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of encouraging language skills in early childhood has been well documented. Educators who are responsible for children in daycare services have many opportunities to use rich and stimulating educational practices that support language acquisition. The purpose of this study was to assess the language-support practices used by 22…

Bouchard, Caroline; Bigras, Nathalie; Cantin, Gilles; Coutu, Sylvain; Blain-Briere, Benedicte; Eryasa, Joell; Charron, Annie; Brunson, Liesette

2010-01-01

276

Brief Report: Effects of an Administrative Supervisory Protocol on Preparation of Behavior Support Plans at a Child Service Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated a supervisory protocol that targeted preparation of behavior support plans by administrative staff at a school for children with developmental disabilities. Using a multiple baseline design, the protocol was applied sequentially to three components of behavior support plan preparation. Intervention procedures included goal…

Garrity, Meredith L.; Luiselli, James K.

2005-01-01

277

Solid-support Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Studies of A?40 Monomers Reveal a Structured State with Three Ordered Segments*  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer disease is associated with the pathological accumulation of amyloid-? peptide (A?) in the brain. Soluble A? oligomers formed during early aggregation process are believed to be neurotoxins and causative agents in Alzheimer disease. A? monomer is the building block for amyloid assemblies. A comprehensive understanding of the structural features of A? monomer is crucial for delineating the mechanism of A? oligomerization. Here we investigated the structures of A?40 monomer using a solid-support approach, in which A?40 monomers are tethered on the solid support via an N-terminal His tag to prevent further aggregation. EPR spectra of tethered A?40 with spin labels at 18 different positions show that A?40 monomers adopt a completely disordered structure under denaturing conditions. Under native conditions, however, EPR spectra suggest that A?40 monomers adopt both a disordered state and a structured state. The structured state of A?40 monomer has three more ordered segments at 14–18, 29–30, and 38–40. Interactions between these segments may stabilize the structured state, which likely plays an important role in A? aggregation.

Gu, Lei; Ngo, Sam; Guo, Zhefeng

2012-01-01

278

Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

279

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

280

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

281

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

282

Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive versus Controlling Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in…

Grolnick, Wendy S.; Price, Carrie E.; Beiswenger, Krista L.; Sauck, Christine C.

2007-01-01

283

Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

284

Parental Distress, Family Conflict, and Role of Social Support for Caregivers with or without a Child with Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated perceived psychological distress and family conflict from the perspective of caregivers of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and matched comparison caregivers, as well as the role of social support. No significant differences between primary caregivers of children with SCD and comparison caregivers were found on self-reported psychological distress or family conflict. Distress in primary caregivers was

Robert B. Noll; Kathryn Vannatta; Karen A. Kalinyak; Eleanor Swiecki; Maria Garstein; W. Hobart Davies; William M. Bukowski

1994-01-01

285

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

2011-01-01

286

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

287

Support vector regression scoring of receptor-ligand complexes for rank-ordering and virtual screening of chemical libraries.  

PubMed

The community structure-activity resource (CSAR) data sets are used to develop and test a support vector machine-based scoring function in regression mode (SVR). Two scoring functions (SVR-KB and SVR-EP) are derived with the objective of reproducing the trend of the experimental binding affinities provided within the two CSAR data sets. The features used to train SVR-KB are knowledge-based pairwise potentials, while SVR-EP is based on physicochemical properties. SVR-KB and SVR-EP were compared to seven other widely used scoring functions, including Glide, X-score, GoldScore, ChemScore, Vina, Dock, and PMF. Results showed that SVR-KB trained with features obtained from three-dimensional complexes of the PDBbind data set outperformed all other scoring functions, including best performing X-score, by nearly 0.1 using three correlation coefficients, namely Pearson, Spearman, and Kendall. It was interesting that higher performance in rank ordering did not translate into greater enrichment in virtual screening assessed using the 40 targets of the Directory of Useful Decoys (DUD). To remedy this situation, a variant of SVR-KB (SVR-KBD) was developed by following a target-specific tailoring strategy that we had previously employed to derive SVM-SP. SVR-KBD showed a much higher enrichment, outperforming all other scoring functions tested, and was comparable in performance to our previously derived scoring function SVM-SP. PMID:21728360

Li, Liwei; Wang, Bo; Meroueh, Samy O

2011-07-26

288

The Normalized Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes characteristics of the normalized child, the ultimate goal of Montessori education. First outlines children's basic needs, then describes traits of the normalized child, including love of order, work, silence and working alone; mutual aid and cooperation; profound spontaneous concentration; obedience; independence and initiative;…

Futrell, Kathleen H.

1997-01-01

289

Does Quality of Child Care Affect Child Outcomes at Age 4 1\\/2?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals associations between child-care quality and child outcomes. But are these associations causal? Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care, a longitudinal study of children from birth to age 41\\/2, were used to explore 5 propositions that would support a causal argument. Three propositions received support, principally in the

2003-01-01

290

Solid organ donation in a child after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, orthotopic heart transplantation, and ventricular assist device support.  

PubMed

Use of high-risk or marginal donors is the most viable short-term means to boost the organ supply and bridge the widening gap between the number of patients on the waiting list for organ transplantation and the insufficient numbers of organ donors. Expansion of the donor pool requires an understanding of the impact on survival likely to result from extending one or more high risk factors. Use of extended donor pool results in shorter waiting list times and limits the morbidity and mortality associated with long-term mechanical support needed to support diseased organs. In this report, we present one such example of expanding donor pool in which a pediatric patient donated a solid organ after two heart transplants and successful use of ECMO and VAD. PMID:22594304

Gupta, Punkaj; Blanco, Carlos; Madigan, Melissa; Dodgen, Andrew; Hanson, Mari; Frazier, Elizabeth A; Bhutta, Adnan T; Fiser, William P

2012-05-17

291

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

292

A predictive model of Health Related Quality of life of parents of chronically ill children: the importance of care-dependency of their child and their support system  

PubMed Central

Background Parents of chronically ill children are at risk for a lower Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Insight in the dynamics of factors influencing parental HRQoL is necessary for development of interventions. Aim of the present study was to explore the influence of demographic and disease related factors on parental HRQoL, mediated by employment, income, leisure time, holiday and emotional support in a comprehensive model. Methods In a cross-sectional design, 543 parents of chronically ill children completed questionnaires. A conceptual model of parental HRQoL was developed. Structural equation modeling was performed to explore the relations in the conceptual model, and to test if the model fitted the data. Results The model fitted the data closely (CHISQ(14) = 11.37, p = 0.66; RMSEA = 0.0, 90%CI [0.00;0.034]. The effect of socio-demographic and medical data on HRQoL was mediated by days on holiday (MCS: ? = .21) and emotional support (PCS: ? = .14; MCS: ? = .28). Also, female gender (? = -.10), age (? = .10), being chronically ill as a parent (? = -.34), and care dependency of the child (? = -.14; ? = -.15) were directly related to parental HRQoL. Conclusion The final model was slightly different from the conceptual model. Main factors explaining parental HRQoL seemed to be emotional support, care dependency, days on holiday and being chronically ill as a parent. Holiday and emotional support mediated the effect of demographic and disease-related factors on HRQoL. Hours of employment, leisure time and household income did not mediate between background characteristics and HRQoL, contrasting the hypotheses.

Hatzmann, Janneke; Maurice-Stam, Heleen; Heymans, Hugo SA; Grootenhuis, Martha A

2009-01-01

293

29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

2013-07-01

294

Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program.

2012-01-01

295

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

296

"The Equitable Powers of the Judge": The Conflict between No Child Left Behind and Court-Ordered Desegregation in Richmond County, Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article consists of a case study and policy analysis of a conflict between two federal mandates that arose during the initial implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 in a southern school system, Richmond County, Georgia. The first part of the article documents the conflict, drawing on primary source documents and interviews…

DeBray, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

297

"And so They Ordered Me to Kill a Person": Conceptualizing the Impacts of Child Soldiering on the Development of Moral Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approximately 300,000 child soldiers serve in various armed groups around the world, and become directly implicated in the perpetration of kidnappings, killings, and torture. Considering that children construct moral concepts and a sense of themselves as moral beings in the context of their everyday interactions with others, the concern with how…

Wainryb, Cecilia

2011-01-01

298

The influence of maternal and child characteristics and paternal support on interactions of mothers and their medically fragile infants.  

PubMed

The influences of maternal characteristics, infant characteristics, and paternal support on maternal positive involvement and developmental stimulation were examined over time in 59 mothers and their medically fragile infants using an ecological framework. Higher maternal education was associated with greater maternal positive involvement. More maternal depressive symptoms, more infant technological dependence, and lower birthweights were associated with less maternal positive involvement at 6 months but greater involvement at 12 months. Higher paternal helpfulness facilitated positive involvement in mothers with low depressive symptoms but not in those with elevated symptoms. Higher maternal education and more depressive symptoms were associated with more developmental stimulation. Thus, maternal interactive behaviors are affected by maternal, infant, and environment factors, and these effects change over time. PMID:17243105

Lee, Tzu-Ying; Holditch-Davis, Diane; Miles, Margaret Shandor

2007-02-01

299

Acts of Omission: An Overview of Child Neglect  

MedlinePLUS

... Centered Casework Practice Family Group Decision-Making Engaging Communities to Support Families Creating a Family-Centered Agency Culture Child Abuse & Neglect Child Abuse & Neglect Home Overview ...

300

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... become depressed. He or she may withdraw, think of suicide or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

301

Platinum and platinum–ruthenium nanoparticles supported on ordered mesoporous carbon and their electrocatalytic performance for fuel cell reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Highly ordered meso-porous carbon, denoted CMK-3 was synthesized by using mesoporous silicates, SBA-15 as the starting templating materials. The ordered mesoporous carbon was loaded with platinum and platinum–ruthenium nanoparticles using alternative synthesis techniques. The metal loaded ordered mesoporous carbon powders were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction, and nitrogen adsorption isotherm experiments. Micrometer-scale

Jie Ding; Kwong-Yu Chan; Jiawen Ren; Feng-shou Xiao

2005-01-01

302

School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2009-01-01

303

Using embedded music therapy interventions to support outdoor play of young children with autism in an inclusive community-based child care program.  

PubMed

For young children with autism enrolled in community-based inclusive child care programs, outdoor play can be a major challenge. The aim of this music therapy intervention was to improve peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground for four boys with autism by adding an outdoor music center and using original songs composed for each participant. A collaborative approach was used to support the implementation of the intervention by the children's teachers, engaging classroom peers as formal and informal helpers. The effects of the interventions were examined using a multiple baseline design with four conditions replicated across the four children. The results indicate that the musical adaptation of the playground itself did not improve social interactions of children with autism significantly, but it facilitated their play and involvement with peers by attraction to the sound and opportunity to use the instruments. The song interventions produced desirable peer interaction outcomes, and the collaborative consultative approach enabled teachers to implement interventions successfully in ongoing playground routines. In addition, peer-mediated strategies increased peer interactions and meaningful play on the playground. PMID:17348756

Kern, Petra; Aldridge, David

2006-01-01

304

Process evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support study: a multisite randomized controlled trial for the management of child obesity.  

PubMed

The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and parent questionnaires. Internal validity and reliability of the program delivery were high. All parents reported positive changes in their children as a result of the physical activity program, the dietary modification program, or both. Most participants completed the home activities, but more than half reported that finding time to do them was problematic. Facilitator review indicated that future programs should specifically cater to children of similar age or same sex, allow adequate time for explanation of complex nutritional concepts, and use intrinsic motivators for participants. Recommendations for future interventions, specifically the implementation of subsequent HIKCUPS or other multisite effectiveness studies, are detailed. PMID:19158237

Jones, Rachel A; Warren, Janet M; Okely, Anthony D; Collins, Clare E; Morgan, Philip J; Cliff, Dylan P; Burrows, Tracy; Cleary, Jane; Baur, Louise A

2009-01-21

305

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes.

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean Francois; Taziwa, Fabian; Vinoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

306

Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Child maltreatment (CM) is common worldwide, and can take many forms. It may even endanger the child’s life, especially when younger children are the victims. CM affects the child’s quality of life and consequently leads to long term issues to be dealt with by the child, family and community. This case series discusses six children who have been subjected to CM, and diagnosed by the child protection team of the departments of Child Health and Behavioural Medicine at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman. The aim of this case series is to increase the level of awareness of CM among Oman’s medical professionals and to highlight the difficulties encountered in diagnosing and providing optimal care for these children. Although treatment is provided in Oman’s health care system, it is clear that there are gaps in the existing system which affect the quality of child protection services provided to the children and their families.

Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Nour, Ibtisam El; Al-Said, Basma

2012-01-01

307

Guidance document for revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This document provides guidance for the revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, ``Radioactive Waste Management.`` Technical Working Groups have been established and are responsible for writing the revised order. The Technical Working Groups will use this document as a reference for polices and procedures that have been established for the revision process. The overall intent of this guidance is to outline how the order will be revised and how the revision process will be managed. In addition, this document outlines technical issues considered for inclusion by a Department of Energy Steering Committee.

Kudera, D.E.; McMurtrey, C.D.; Meagher, B.G.

1993-04-01

308

20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency...a legally adopted child is dependentâgeneral. (a) During...the child is considered dependent upon the...

2013-04-01

309

Interactions between child and parent temperament and child behavior problems  

PubMed Central

Objective Few studies of temperament have tested goodness-of-fit theories of child behavior problems. In this study, we test the hypothesis that interactions between child and parent temperament dimensions predict levels of child psychopathology after controlling for the effects of these dimensions individually. Methods Temperament and psychopathology were assessed in a total of 175 children (97 boys, 78 girls; mean age, 10.99 years; SD, 3.66 years) using composite scores from multiple informants of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory and the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment. Parent temperament was assessed using the adult version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Statistical analyses included multiple regression procedures to assess the contribution of child-parent temperament interactions after controlling for demographic variables, other types of child psychopathology, and the individual Temperament and Character Inventory and Junior Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions. Results Interactions between child and parent temperament dimensions predicted higher levels of externalizing, internalizing, and attention problems over and above the effects of these dimensions alone. Among others, the combination of high child novelty seeking with high maternal novelty was associated with child attention problems, whereas the combination of high child harm avoidance and high father harm avoidance was associated with increased child internalizing problems. Many child temperament dimensions also exerted significant effects independently. Conclusions The association between a child temperament trait and psychopathology can be dependent upon the temperament of parents. These data lend support to previous theories of the importance of goodness-of-fit.

Rettew, David C.; Stanger, Catherine; McKee, Laura; Doyle, Alicia; Hudziak, James J.

2012-01-01

310

Propulsion and Power Rapid Response Research and Development (R&D) Support. Delivery Order 0011: Analysis of Synthetic Aviation Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall aim of this effort was to provide fit-for-purpose testing and subject matter expertise to UTC and AFRL to support the evaluation of emerging synthetic aviation fuels. The report contains information on the evaluations of various synthetic avia...

G. B. Bessee G. R. Wilson S. A. Hutzler

2011-01-01

311

Improving parenting practices in order to prevent child behavior problems: a study on parent training as part of the EFFEKT program.  

PubMed

Inappropriate parenting behavior in the family can be one of many risk factors in children's social development. Accordingly, prevention programs aim at improving parenting. The relation between parenting and problem behavior was investigated and an evaluation reported of parent training in the German prevention program EFFEKT (Entwicklungsförderung in Familien: Eltern- und Kinder-Training - Enhancing the development of families: parent and child training). As part of the Erlangen-Nuremberg Development and Prevention Study [Lösel, F., Beelmann, A., Jaursch, S., Koglin, U., Stemmler, M., 2005a. Entwicklung und Prävention früher Problem des Sozialverhaltens: Die Erlangen-Nürnberger Studie. In: Cierpka, M. (Ed.), Möglichkeiten der Gewaltprävention. Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen, pp. 201-249.], this paper presents data on 128 mothers and 16 fathers who participated in the parent training. The trained parents were compared with a matched control group on scales of self-reported parenting behavior. Significant effects were found 2-3 months after training and in a follow-up survey 1 year later. Trained mothers showed more positive parenting and less inconsistent discipline than control mothers. Results for fathers were not significant. Our results suggest that with the EFFEKT parent training it is possible to change the child's family environment in a positive manner, with relatively low costs for the parents regarding time and money, but with sustainable effects. PMID:17869582

Stemmler, Mark; Beelmann, Andreas; Jaursch, Stefanie; Lösel, Friedrich

2007-09-14

312

Quality Child Care: An Investment in Families, an Investment in Colorado's Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order for families to support themselves, parents must have access to jobs and the ability to consistently go to work to keep them. Current economic hardships highlight even more clearly this critical connection. One barrier that prevents many working parents from maintaining employment and supporting their families is access to child care. A…

Bianchi, Jon-Paul

2009-01-01

313

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries.

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

314

Application of Information Technology: A Trial of Automated Decision Support Alerts for Contraindicated Medications Using Computerized Physician Order Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAutomated clinical decision support has shown promise in reducing medication errors; however, clinicians often do not comply with alerts. Because renal insufficiency is a common source of medication errors, the authors studied a trial of alerts designed to reduce inpatient administration of medications contraindicated due to renal insufficiency.MethodsA minimum safe creatinine clearance was established for each inpatient formulary medication. Alerts

William L. Galanter; Robert J. Didomenico; Audrius Polikaitis

2005-01-01

315

Empirical and Computational Support for Context-Dependent Representations of Serial Order: Reply to Bowers, Damian, and Davis (2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|J. S. Bowers, M. F. Damian, and C. J. Davis (2009) critiqued the computational model of serial order memory put forth in M. Botvinick and D. C. Plaut (2006), purporting to show that the model does not generalize in a way that people do. They attributed this supposed failure to the model's dependence on context-dependent representations,…

Botvinick, Matthew M.; Plaut, David C.

2009-01-01

316

Ordered subset linkage analysis supports a susceptibility locus for age-related macular degeneration on chromosome 16p12  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that is responsible for the majority of central vision loss in older adults living in developed countries. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity complicate the analysis of genome-wide scans for AMD susceptibility loci. The ordered subset analysis (OSA) method is an approach for reducing heterogeneity, increasing statistical power for detecting linkage, and helping

Silke Schmidt; William K Scott; Eric A Postel; Anita Agarwal; Elizabeth R Hauser; John R Gilbert; Michael B Gorin; Jonathan L Haines; Margaret A Pericak-Vance

2004-01-01

317

Phylogenomic Data Support a Seventh Order of Methylotrophic Methanogens and Provide Insights into the Evolution of Methanogenesis  

PubMed Central

Increasing evidence from sequence data from various environments, including the human gut, suggests the existence of a previously unknown putative seventh order of methanogens. The first genomic data from members of this lineage, Methanomassiliicoccus luminyensis and “Candidatus Methanomethylophilus alvus,” provide insights into its evolutionary history and metabolic features. Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal proteins robustly indicates a monophyletic group independent of any previously known methanogenic order, which shares ancestry with the Marine Benthic Group D, the Marine Group II, the DHVE2 group, and the Thermoplasmatales. This phylogenetic position, along with the analysis of enzymes involved in core methanogenesis, strengthens a single ancient origin of methanogenesis in the Euryarchaeota and indicates further multiple independent losses of this metabolism in nonmethanogenic lineages than previously suggested. Genomic analysis revealed an unprecedented loss of the genes coding for the first six steps of methanogenesis from H2/CO2 and the oxidative part of methylotrophic methanogenesis, consistent with the fact that M. luminyensis and “Ca. M. alvus” are obligate H2-dependent methylotrophic methanogens. Genomic data also suggest that these methanogens may use a large panel of methylated compounds. Phylogenetic analysis including homologs retrieved from environmental samples indicates that methylotrophic methanogenesis (regardless of dependency on H2) is not restricted to gut representatives but may be an ancestral characteristic of the whole order, and possibly also of ancient origin in the Euryarchaeota. 16S rRNA and McrA trees show that this new order of methanogens is very diverse and occupies environments highly relevant for methane production, therefore representing a key lineage to fully understand the diversity and evolution of methanogenesis.

Borrel, Guillaume; O'Toole, Paul W.; Harris, Hugh M.B.; Peyret, Pierre; Brugere, Jean-Francois; Gribaldo, Simonetta

2013-01-01

318

[The disruptive child].  

PubMed

Beware not to confuse talk about children with children's talk: this should be the golden rule for childhood professionals. Agitation and somatization disrupt the functioning of what is called the functional spheres. The child eats poorly, sleeps poorly, and has problems controlling his sphincters. He presents symptoms that the growing importance of education in today's modern world can no longer neglect. The diversity of the circumstances in which the child is recognized as "disruptive" shows just how much the borders between children and adults are permeable. The disruptive child is also a child disturbed by the adult world in which he is evolving. The author supports his hypotheses with several examples from his practice as a psychoanalyst. PMID:19419849

Brun, D

2009-05-05

319

Fluorescent microscopic determination of proteins in human serum with the self-ordered ring of nuclear fast red formed on the solid support of glass slides  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-ordered ring (SOR) technique based on the assembly of fluorescent molecules on the solid support of glass slides is presented for the detection of trace amount of proteins by using fluorescence microscope. At pH 6.62 and with the aid of poly(vinyl alcohol)-124 (PVA-124), a droplet of nuclear fast red (NFR) solution can form a fluorescent SOR on hydrophobic glass

Yu Chun Chen; Cheng Zhi Huang

2003-01-01

320

The Effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry and Decision Support System on Medication Errors in the Neonatal Ward: Experiences from an Iranian Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication dosing errors are frequent in neonatal wards. In an Iranian neonatal ward, a 7.5 months study was designed in three\\u000a periods to compare the effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) without and with decision support functionalities in reducing non-intercepted medication dosing errors in antibiotics and anticonvulsants.\\u000a Before intervention (Period 1), error rate was 53%, which did not significantly change

Alireza Kazemi; Johan Ellenius; Faramarz Pourasghar; Shahram Tofighi; Aref Salehi; Ali Amanati; Uno G. H. Fors

2011-01-01

321

Family stressors and child obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child obesity is a public health priority with numerous and complex causes. This study focuses on factors within the family, namely stressful experiences, which may be associated with child obesity. We examine data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for children in two age groups: 5–11 and 12–17years old. Results from an ordered probit

Steven Garasky; Susan D. Stewart; Craig Gundersen; Brenda J. Lohman; Joey C. Eisenmann

2009-01-01

322

Best Interests of the Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a King Solomon may have been the first judge to determine a child’s custody; the standard he verbalized focused on equity, the\\u000a sharing by each of two women in the physical custody of the child. In reality, King Solomon was testing the two women in order\\u000a to determine which woman was the true mother and what was in the best interests

Marsha B. Liss; Marcia J. McKinley-Pace

323

NICHD Study of Early Child Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NICHD Study of Early Child Care is the most comprehensive child care study conducted to date to determine how variations in child care are related to children's development: In 1991, a team of NICHD-supported researchers enrolled 1,364 children in the...

1998-01-01

324

NIOSH Comments to DOL on the Department of Labor/Wage and Hour Division Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation by L. Rosenstock, October 25, 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This testimony summarizes information and comments from NIOSH regarding the proposed rulemaking changes on child labor regulations. Recommendations were offered concerning: establishing a mechanism by which child labor regulations could be reviewed on a r...

1994-01-01

325

"They're Gonna Explain to Us What Makes a Cube a Cube?" Geometrical Properties as Contingent Achievement of Sequentially Ordered Child-Centered Mathematics Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

2012-01-01

326

Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with an Intellectual Disability: The Effects of Parental Cognitions in Relation to Child Characteristics and Family Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Recent theories of stress and coping in parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) emphasize the importance of cognitive appraisals in influencing parents' levels of stress and their adaptations to difficulties presented by the children. This study investigated the relationships between parental cognitions, child

Hassall, R.; Rose, J.; McDonald, J.

2005-01-01

327

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

328

Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Children's healthy development depends on safe and positive experiences when they are very young. If you work or go to school, you want to know that your child is in good hands while you are away. You may choose in-home care, where the caregiver comes to your home. Or your child ...

329

The child in hospital*  

PubMed Central

In 1951 the WHO Regional Office for Europe as a part of its long-term activities in child health initiated plans for a meeting between paediatricians and child psychiatrists, at which they could discuss their respective roles and the co-ordination of their work. Early in 1953 an ad hoc committee was called together to discuss the possibility of holding a conference which would delineate the role of the paediatrician in the management of psychosomatic and behaviour disorders in young children. This committee, consisting of leading specialists in paediatrics and child psychiatry, under the chairmanship of Professor R. Debré (France), felt that any wider conference should be devoted to considering more fully the inter-relation of somatic and psychological processes in sick children, the respective roles of paediatricians and child psychiatrists in their treatment, and the working relations between the different disciplines responsible for the care of children. In order to avoid diffusion of effort, and to arrive as far as possible at practical conclusions, the study group that was subsequently convened in Stockholm concentrated on one important aspect of child care—the child in hospital.

1955-01-01

330

Girl child and social change.  

PubMed

This article discusses the state of social change and the disparity between India's Constitutional aims and actual practice in addressing gender inequality and the special risks of female children in India. The second part of this article summarizes Constitutional articles and laws relating to protection of women and a girl child. Before birth, a female child is at risk of fetal death. A woman is at risk of poorly performed abortions and maternal mortality. After birth, a girl child is at risk of child care of younger siblings, housework, lack of education, wage work for the household, sexual abuse, vulnerability at work or school or on the street, murder by her parents, abuse, malnutrition, and desertion. The SAARC summit declared 1990 the Year of the Girl Child. UN conventions and a world summit focused on the Rights of the Child. A child has a right to freedom from exploitation, neglect and abuse, and access to food, health care, and education. Articles 14, 15, and 16 of India's Constitution guarantee protection from discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth and equality of opportunity in public employment. Article 23 prohibits trafficking in humans and forced labor. Article 24 prohibits child labor under the age of 14 years. Article 39 assures an adequate means of livelihood, equal pay, and protection from child abuse and economic pressure to work in jobs unsuitable to a child's age and strength. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education up to 14 years of age. Article 51 prohibits derogatory practices against women. Article 325 and 326 prohibits sex discrimination. Other laws pertain to dowry, marriage age, prostitution, abortion, juvenile justice, kidnapping, obscenity, procurement of a minor, sexual offenses, divorce and child support, child care, maternity benefits, and cruelty by a husband or relatives. The girl child in India continues to live in perpetual threat, both physiological and psychological. PMID:12157998

Seth, P

331

Adoption and child welfare protection in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the French Child Protection system, which is managed by Child Welfare of the local authorities (Aide Sociale à l’Enfance) and by Judicial Juvenile Protection depending on the central government (Protection Judiciaire de la Jeunesse) Children’s judges are involved in child protection. The majority of children in care live in foster families and were placed after court orders

2005-01-01

332

Blaming children for child pedestrian injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedestrian injuries are a leading cause of childhood mortality. In this paper a case study of a child pedestrian death is presented in order to examine the apportionment of responsibility for child pedestrian injuries. The case presented illustrates how responsibility is located with the child, whilst structural contributors, in particular aspects of the transport system, are ignored. The strength and

Ian Roberts; Carolyn Coggan

1994-01-01

333

Family Support Program  

MedlinePLUS

... Families : Family Support Printer Friendly Send to friend Family Support Program If a child you love has ... launched our scholarship program in 2002 to assist families devastated by the cost of medical care to ...

334

Effectiveness of a comprehensive, five-year family support program for low-income children and their families: findings from the comprehensive child development program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A randomized experiment was conducted to test the effects of the Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP), a two-generation program that employed case management and home visiting to ensure multi-risk, low-income children and their parents a range of education, health, and social services to meet the complex needs of disadvantaged families. The evaluation of 21 CCDP projects, which followed 4,410 families

Barbara D Goodson; Jean I Layzer; Robert G St. Pierre; Lawrence S Bernstein; Michael Lopez

2000-01-01

335

Teacher education, motivation, compensation, workplace support, and links to quality of center-based child care and teachers’ intention to stay in the early childhood profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale—Revised or the Infant–Toddler

Julia C. Torquati; Helen Raikes; Catherine A. Huddleston-Casas

2007-01-01

336

Reaction to videocolposcopy in the assessment of child sexual abuse ? ? Financial support was provided by the Blodgett Butterworth Health Care Foundation for the purchase of the videocolposcopy equipment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to clinically assess children’s reactions to videocolposcopy with real-time observation of magnified anogenital images (VCO), and to evaluate whether these reactions are affected by patient or other characteristics such as response to preparation, disclosure of child sexual abuse (CSA), or examination findings.Method: Consecutive cases of children ages less than 18 years referred to

Vincent J Palusci; Tracy A Cyrus

2001-01-01

337

A Family Focus approach to child abuse prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family Focus is a child abuse prevention program established to assist families in the task of raising their children from birth through 3 years. Its goal is to prevent child abuse by reducing isolation, improving emotional support systems and increasing parental knowledge of child behavior and effective child management skills. It strives to be viewed by the community as a

Elizabeth Stilwellland; Beth Blumenstock Manley

1990-01-01

338

Integrating Couple Teamwork Conversations Into Child Welfare Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the importance of and challenges to addressing couple teamwork issues in the child welfare population. Although there is substantial evidence to support the importance of healthy adult relationships for child well-being and the prevention of child maltreatment, there are a number of barriers to addressing these couple relationships in child welfare. These barriers include diverse family configurations

Dana Christensen; Becky Antle; Lisa Johnson

2008-01-01

339

Child emotional security and interparental conflict.  

PubMed

Guided by the emotional security hypothesis developed by Davies & Cummings (1994), studies were conducted to test a conceptual refinement of children's adjustment to parental conflict in relation to hypotheses of other prominent theories. Study 1 examined whether the pattern of child responses to simulations of adult conflict tactics and topics was consistent with the emotional security hypothesis and social learning theory in a sample of 327 Welsh children. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, child reports of fear, avoidance, and involvement were especially prominent responses to destructive conflict. Study 2 examined the relative roles of child emotional insecurity and social-cognitive appraisals in accounting for associations between parental conflict and child psychological symptoms in a sample of 285 Welsh children and parents. Findings indicated that child emotional insecurity was a robust intervening process in the prospective links between parental conflict and child maladjustment even when intervening processes proposed in the social-cognitive models were included in the analyses. Studies 3 and 4 explored pathways among parental conflict, child emotional insecurity, and psychological adjustment in the broader family context with a sample of 174 children and mothers. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, Study 3 findings indicated that child insecurity continued to mediate the link between parental conflict and child maladjustment even after specifying the effects of other parenting processes. Parenting difficulties accompanying interparental conflict were related to child maladjustment through their association with insecure parent-child attachment. In support of the emotional security hypothesis, Study 4 findings indicated that family instability, parenting difficulties, and parent-child attachment insecurity potentiated mediational pathways among parental conflict, child insecurity, and maladjustment. Family cohesiveness, interparental satisfaction, and interparental expressiveness appeared to be protective factors in these mediational paths. No support was found for the social learning theory prediction that parent-child warmth would amplify associations between parental conflict and child disruptive behaviors. PMID:12528424

Davies, Patrick T; Harold, Gordon T; Goeke-Morey, Marcie C; Cummings, E Mark; Shelton, Katherine; Rasi, Jennifer A

2002-01-01

340

20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency...a legally adopted child is dependentâchild adopted after entitlement...that Act), is considered dependent on the employee during...

2013-04-01

341

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

342

A Study of Service Switching Attributions by Child Care Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian child care industry has experienced substantial growth since 1991 resulting in a proliferation of child care centres throughout the country, and a situation where supply of child care places is in excess of demand. As a result, child care marketers now compete within a turbulent environment where it is vital to satisfy and retain customers in order to

Debra Grace; Aron O'Cass

343

Fluorescent microscopic determination of proteins in human serum with the self-ordered ring of nuclear fast red formed on the solid support of glass slides.  

PubMed

A self-ordered ring (SOR) technique based on the assembly of fluorescent molecules on the solid support of glass slides is presented for the detection of trace amount of proteins by using fluorescence microscope. At pH 6.62 and with the aid of poly(vinyl alcohol)-124 (PVA-124), a droplet of nuclear fast red (NFR) solution can form a fluorescent SOR on hydrophobic glass slide, and the presence of proteins can enhance its fluorescence intensity. When the volume of the droplet is 0.2 microl, linear response is observed in the range 0-100 pg, and the limit of determination is 2.44 pg for BSA and 0.91 pg for HSA (3sigma). The results of determination for three human serum samples were identical with those obtained according to the Bradford method using Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB G-250). PMID:18968956

Chen, Yu Chun; Huang, Cheng Zhi

2003-03-10

344

Relationships between restrictive mother-child interactions and anxiety of the child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “two-process model” postulates that there are specific associations between patterns of parental child-rearing styles and the development of the child's anxiety and coping dispositions. Besides parameters of parental feedback to the child, this model considers support and restriction to be the central dimensions of child-rearing behavior. The present study aims at assessing behavioral indicators for restriction. For this purpose,

Heinz Walter Krohne; Michael Hock

1991-01-01

345

Joint working relationships: children, parents and child healthcare nurses at work.  

PubMed

In child healthcare children's development is examined and assessed. The main aim of this article is to explore the different ways in which a child health nurse establishes joint working relationships with children and parents. Few studies in child healthcare include nonverbal interaction. It was found that a child often responds to the actions of the nurse and the parent by physical and bodily actions and by the direction of his/her gaze. The nurse has to be able to shift between several different interactional modes using various nonverbal communicative means. She uses her body to shift positions together with shifts in gaze in order to establish an interactional focus and a relationship with the child. The nurse also uses different artifacts in the room as well as the child's spontaneous activities during the assessment of the child's development. In addition, she uses the parents' relationships with their children in order to gain their support and to encourage their children in performing tasks. An important methodological consequence of this study is that it is necessary to use video-recorded data when interactions of this kind are analyzed. PMID:16808690

Hydén, Lars-Christer; Baggens, Christina

2004-01-01

346

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency...equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's equitably...222.34, is considered dependent upon the employee...

2013-04-01

347

Sucrose-assisted synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous CeO2 and its use as a support for promotional catalytic performance of CO oxidation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, several three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) CeO2 having hierarchical pore structure were successfully prepared via a dual 'hard-soft' templating strategy using Ce(NO3)3·6H2O containing sucrose as the ceria precursor. The resulting CeO2 samples were characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, which showed that the hierarchical 3DOM CeO2 possessed interconnected networks of the ordered macropore structures with large mesopores, and both the BET surface area and pore volume increased significantly compared with the conventional 3DOM CeO2. The content of sucrose had a great effect on the textural parameters of the 3DOM CeO2. The improved textural parameters should be attributed to the emergence of mesopores in the interconnected three-dimensional skeleton, which were formed by oxidative removal of carbon produced from carbonization of sucrose. The hierarchical 3DOM CeO2 exhibited a superior performance to the conventional 3DOM or bulk CeO2 when used as supports for Ir catalysts in CO oxidation.

Liu, Zhi; Tan, Xiuli; Lv, Cong

2013-10-01

348

Including Your Child  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

349

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...computerized support enforcement system: (1) By October 1, 1997...guideline entitled âAutomated Systems for Child Support Enforcement...available from the Child Support Information Systems Division, Office of State...

2011-10-01

350

45 CFR 303.30 - Securing medical support information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...303.30 Securing medical support information. (a...Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control...

2012-10-01

351

Protecting Children and Supporting Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This serial "double issue" focuses on protecting children and supporting families through greater collaboration between child welfare services and family resource programs. The issue includes the featured articles: (1) "Making the Media a Constructive Force in Child Welfare" (Kathy Bonk), which discusses how the media and child welfare agencies…

Wolf, Kathy Goetz, Ed.

1997-01-01

352

Reaching Out: The Volunteer in Child Abuse and Neglect Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ways in which volunteers can work with child abuse and neglect programs are outlined. A variety of ways in which volunteers can help child protective service agencies are suggested. Included as examples of support services are office work, transportation,...

N. Fisher

1979-01-01

353

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

354

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Page Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

355

Your Child's Immunizations  

MedlinePLUS

... Us: Social Media Pregnant? Your Baby's Growth Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations ... of shots a child receives. What Vaccines Your Child Needs The following vaccinations and schedules are recommended ...

356

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... ABOUT US PTSD Awareness Month Child Sexual Abuse Child Sexual Abuse Share this page Search PTSD Site Choose Section Enter Term and Search Advanced Search What is child sexual abuse? Child sexual abuse includes a wide range of ...

357

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

358

Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a theory of child development which integrates race, class, gender and culture as central factors that structure this development in fundamental ways. Human development evolves within the context of our social roles, which are fundamentally organized and bounded by our position within the class, gender, racial and cultural structure of society. This theory can be used to

Rhea V. Almeida; Rosemary Woods; Theresa Messineo

1998-01-01

359

Limping Child  

MedlinePLUS

... will examine your child's joints, such as the hip and knee, for pain, swelling, and loss of range of motion. Decreased ... of areas of the body where there is pain, swelling, or loss of range of ... different angles, such as the front, side, and back. X-ray images of your ...

360

BATTERED CHILD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the meanings of Keaton's nickname ‘Buster’ and long?standing debates about his traumatic childhood as a point of departure, this paper focuses on the comedian's early years as a child star in American vaudeville. Promoted and widely recognized as the main attraction of the family act ‘The Three Keatons’, Keaton performed a physically extremely challenging routine, centring on mock fights

Peter Krämer

2007-01-01

361

Child's Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Emerging digital technologies enable teachers and students to access and manipulate sights and sounds in their school environments. The challenge is to systematically include these new media in academic environments, and to include adults who are ill prepared in technical issues as primary guides in this effort. This article suggests that child's…

Woolsey, Kristina; Woolsey, Matthew

2008-01-01

362

Child's Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging digital technologies enable teachers and students to access and manipulate sights and sounds in their school environments. The challenge is to systematically include these new media in academic environments, and to include adults who are ill prepared in technical issues as primary guides in this effort. This article suggests that child's play should be the focus of these efforts,

Kristina Woolsey; Matthew Woolsey

2008-01-01

363

Feeding the 1 to 7-year-old child. A support paper for the South African paediatric food-based dietary guidelines.  

PubMed

Young children embark on a transitional nutritional journey, progressing from total reliance on caregivers to independence, autonomy and self-determination. Appropriate nutritional intake in young children is a diverse concept, incorporating suitable nutritional choices and feeding behaviours. Lessons learnt in childhood will have long-term effects on the individual and society overall. Since South African children are raised in a country where under- and over-nutrition exist simultaneously, a careful balance should be achieved in any national public health message. The South African paediatric food-based dietary guidelines for children younger than 7 years strive to facilitate the education of carers of young children in the adoption of healthy eating practices. The guidelines address issues regarding variety in the diet that has been shown to improve both micro- and macronutrient intakes. Specific reference is made to starchy foods, vegetables, fruit and water along with protein sources, which should be consumed regularly. Milk, has been emphasised in these guidelines because of the poor calcium intake in South African children. The only guideline that limits intake is the sweet treats or drinks message, because of public health concerns such as obesity and dental caries. Other messages pertaining to eating habits take cognisance of the child's physiological limitations in gastric capacity and suggest small regular meals. Clean, safe drinking water is the beverage of choice. Non-food-based guidelines are also included, which recognize the importance of active play, for developmental and health purposes, as well as regular clinic attendance. PMID:17824856

Bowley, Nadia A; Pentz-Kluyts, Megan A; Bourne, Lesley T; Marino, Louise V

2007-10-01

364

The Effects of Positive Behavior Support Parent-Training Programs on Parent-Child Relationships in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pre-postassessment, single-subject, pilot study was implemented, testing the hypothesis that positive behavior support (PBS) would improve family quality-of-life outcomes by reducing parental stress and challenging behaviors of preschool children who are culturally and linguistically diverse and reside in urban, disadvantaged communities. Six…

Hall, Tonya P.; Turnbull, Ann P.; McCart, Amy; Griggs, Peter; Choi, Jeong-Hoon; Markey, Ursula; Markey, D. J.; Sailor, Wayne

2007-01-01

365

Evaluating a Bereavement Follow-Up Intervention for Grieving Fathers and Their Experiences of Support After the Death of a Child—A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for measuring fathers' experiences of the intervention

Anna Liisa Aho; Marja-Terttu Tarkka; Päivi Åstedt-Kurki; Leena Sorvari; Marja Kaunonen

2011-01-01

366

Evaluating a Bereavement Follow-Up Intervention for Grieving Fathers and Their Experiences of Support after the Death of a Child--A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for…

Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

2011-01-01

367

A Multilevel Model of Child- and Classroom-Level Psychosocial Factors that Support Language and Literacy Resilience of Children in Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early exposure to the multiple risk factors associated with poverty is related to an elevated risk for academic difficulty. Therefore, it is important to promote academic resilience as early as possible and to identify factors that support resilience. Given the positive relation between early language skills and later academic outcomes, examining…

Maier, Michelle F.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Greenfield, Daryl B.

2012-01-01

368

Comparing Parental Distress, Family Functioning, and the Role of Social Support for Caregivers With and Without a Child With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess parental distress, family functioning, and social support among parents of children with a lifetime diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ( JRA) and comparison families. Methods Parents of 64 children with JRA (64 mothers, 46 fathers) completed questionnaires and in-home interviews along with 64 matched comparison families. Average time since diagnosis for children with JRA was 70 months.

Cynthia A. Gerhardt; Kathryn Vannatta; J. Mark McKellop; Meg Zeller

2003-01-01

369

Adjourning Justice: New York State's Failure to Support Assigned Counsel Violates the Rights of Families in Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Comment evaluates New York City’s framework for assigning counsel to Family Court litigants, known as the 18-B system. Recognizing the lack of government support for 18-B attorneys, the author examines existing proposals to alter the Family Court system, and suggests a plan of action for a legislative task force. The Comment outlines the evolution of the assigned counsel system

Sheri Bonstelle; Christine Schessler

2001-01-01

370

Infant Signs as Intervention? Promoting Symbolic Gestures for Preverbal Children in Low-Income Families Supports Responsive Parent-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gestures are a natural form of communication between preverbal children and parents which support children's social and language development; however, low-income parents gesture less frequently, disadvantaging their children. In addition to pointing and waving, children are capable of learning many symbolic gestures, known as "infant signs," if…

Vallotton, Claire D.

2012-01-01

371

Child Abuse Issues for Child Care Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written for child caregivers, this booklet provides very basic information about child abuse and neglect, discusses early warnings that signal when a family is in trouble or when a child is at risk, and indicates how caregivers can helpfully intervene. Also suggested are ways caregivers might protect themselves against the charge of child abuse.…

Bates, Marlys; Koskie, Beth

372

Development of a US Child-Focused Motor Vehicle Crash Surveillance System: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Current motor vehicle crash (MVC) surveillance systems, in particular the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS), either do not contain sufficient numbers of children, or do not contain child-specific data needed to support policy and prevention efforts. The objective of this pilot study was to develop and evaluate methods that could be utilized for supplemental child-specific data collection on a sample of cases identified through the NASS-GES program. Procedures were developed to identify a sample of police accident reports (PARs) involving child occupants for supplemental collection of child-specific data via three survey modes: phone, web-based and hard-copy self administered. Contact was initiated with 650 eligible parent drivers and surveys were completed by 156 (24.0%). Response rates were highest for telephone-based surveys (41.0% of those initially contacted by phone). Surveys were completed via the web by only 6.1% of those invited to do so. Overall agreement between survey and PAR data was good to excellent. Results of this pilot study indicate that creating procedures to identify cases for supplemental child-specific data collection based on the NASS-GES system is feasible. In order to sustain a supplemental child-focused data collection system that relies on identification of cases from NASS-GES, efforts must be made to enhance contact procedures in order to optimize response rates.

Durbin, Dennis R.; Curry, Allison; Myers, Rachel K.

2011-01-01

373

Caring for a child with cystic fibrosis: the children's nurse's role.  

PubMed

This article presents a narrative literature review of the psychosocial impact on family life of caring for a child diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Diagnosis of long-term illness in a child causes major upheaval in the lives of both the child and family. Normal family life is often emotionally, socially, physically and financially disrupted. Amid such disruption, parents attempt to cope by creating a semblance of order in their lifestyle. Within an interdisciplinary approach to caring, the children's nurse plays a pivotal role in supporting families to establish such order and reconstruct their lives, while coming to terms with the knowledge that their child could die prematurely. In addition, the nurse, in his/her role as teacher and educator, empowers parents, children and young people with the knowledge to make informed decisions and assists parents in developing the skills (often technical) to care for their child. Cystic fibrosis is one such condition in childhood, and this article explores the main psychosocial issues experienced by families caring for their child following diagnosis of CF, as raised in the literature. PMID:21378637

McCullough, Cheryl; Price, Jayne

374

Child Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a CHILD syndrome (OMIM # 308050) is an acronym designation for Congenital Hemidysplasia with Ichthyosiform nevus and Limb Defects. This X-linked\\u000a dominant, male-lethal trait is characterized by: (1) congenital unilateral inflammatory erythematous patches often covered\\u000a in dry yellowish scales which usually undergo spontaneous partial regression during childhood; (2) psoriasiform epidermal\\u000a hyperplasia with marked hyperkeratosis and parakeratosis, with sparse perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates

Ramón Ruiz-Maldonado; Luz Orozco-Covarrubias; Carola Duran-McKinster; Marimar Saez-De-Ocariz

375

Associations between the concurrent use of clinical decision support and computerized provider order entry and the rates of appropriate prescribing at discharge  

PubMed Central

Introduction Electronic health record systems used in conjunction with clinical decision support (CDS) or computerized provider order entry (CPOE) have shown potential in improving quality of care, yet less is known about the effects of combination use of CDS and CPOE on prescribing rates at discharge. Objectives This study investigates the effectiveness of combination use of CDS and CPOE on appropriate drug prescribing rates at discharge for AMI or HF patients. Methods Combination use of CDS and CPOE is defined as hospitals self-reporting full implementation across all hospital units of CDS reminders, CDS guidelines, and CPOE. Appropriate prescribing rates of aspirin, ACEI/ARBs, or beta blockers are defined using quality measures from Hospital Compare. Multivariate linear regressions are used to test for differences in mean appropriate prescribing rates between hospitals reporting combination use of CDS and CPOE, compared to those reporting the singular use of one or the other, or the absence of both. Covariates include hospital size, region, and ownership status. Results Approximately 10% of the sample reported full implementation of both CDS and CPOE, while 7% and 17% reported full use of only CPOE or only CDS, respectively. Hospitals reporting full use of CDS only reported between 0.2% (95% CI 0.04 – 1.0) and 1.6% (95% CI 0.6 – 2.6) higher appropriate prescribing rates compared to hospitals reporting use of neither system. Rates of prescribing by hospitals reporting full use of both CPOE and CDS did not significantly differ from the control group. Conclusions Although associations found between full implementation of CDS and appropriate prescribing rates suggest that clinical decision tools are sufficient compared to basic EHR systems in improving prescribing at discharge, the modest differences raise doubt about the clinical relevance of the findings. Future studies need to continue investigating the causal nature and clinical relevance of these associations.

Patterson, M.E.; Marken, P.A.; Simon, S.D.; Hackman, J.L.; Schaefer, R.S.

2012-01-01

376

Child Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Trends is a non-profit, non-partisan research center, and is the "nation's only independent research and policy center focused exclusively on improving outcomes for children." Child Trends has twelve areas of research, listed across the top of any page. Some of the topics include "Child Poverty," "Fatherhood & Parenting," "Youth Development," and "Health." In each section, the research focus on that topic is explained in a brief introduction, followed by resources that include research briefs, executive summaries and full reports, fact sheets, and a publications archive of materials over three years old. A feature that visitors shouldn't miss is "What Works/LINKS," which can be accessed via the left side menu. The data in this section is about "programs that work -or don't- to enhance children's development". There are effectiveness charts, "Lifecourse Interventions that Work," and a continually updated database on programs that work (or don't). Visitors who are "Program Providers" in policy, education, or the media will find the "Information for..." heading on the left side of the homepage useful for fulfilling their specific needs.

377

Predictors of quality in family child care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 231 regulated family child care providers proposed a theoretical model to explore the effects on quality of: (1) provider level of general education; (2) provider degree of intentionality; (3) provider training and experience in family child care; (4) provider use of support services; and (5) provider work environment. Hierarchical linear regressions confirmed the predictive power of the

Gillian Doherty; Barry Forer; Donna S. Lero; Hillel Goelman; Annette LaGrange

2006-01-01

378

Economic stress, parenting and child outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relations between economic pressure, maternal depression, parenting practices and child outcomes in 147 predominantly African-American, Detroit-area families. Specifically, parenting practices were indexed by the use of verbal redirection, corporal punishment and parental consistency. Child outcomes were defined as degree of internalizing, externalizing, total behavioral symptoms and perceived social support. A mediational model was predicted wherein maternal

Emanuel Van Bolden

2007-01-01

379

Riding Bikes: A Pastime for Every Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People have heard the expression "It's as easy as riding a bike." But the idea of a child with special needs balancing, steering, and pedaling a bike can seem out of reach for some; especially when he may be unable to walk unaided or hold his head up without support. Physical capabilities or stamina need not keep a child from this pleasurable…

Mathias, Michelle

2011-01-01

380

Child Labor in the 19th Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Labor in the 19th Century, from The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia, documents the lives of British child laborers through photographs, drawings, and biographies of the children, factory workers, owners, and labor reformers. The information is divided into the sections Factory Reformers, Supporters of Child Labor, Life in the Factory, The Factory Workers, Tactics and Issues, The Factory Acts, and Statistics. Most entries link to other relevant sections of the encyclopedia, and include quotes from individuals or primary documents. The most compelling sections of this collection detail the lives of the child laborers themselves, including first-hand accounts from the children.

381

20 CFR 222.54 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-grandchild or stepgrandchild adopted after entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a legally adopted child is dependent-grandchild or stepgrandchild...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency...a legally adopted child is dependentâgrandchild or stepgrandchild...the grandchild is considered dependent on the employee during...

2013-04-01

382

Change trajectories for parent-child interaction sequences during parent-child interaction therapy for child physical abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveParent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been found to reduce future child abuse reports among physically abusive parents. Reductions in observed negative parenting behaviors mediated this benefit. The current study examined session-by-session interaction sequences in order to identify when during treatment these changes occur and how much the trajectory varies from case-to-case.

Melissa Hakman; Mark Chaffin; Beverly Funderburk; Jane F. Silovsky

2009-01-01

383

[Apropos of mother-child hospitalizations: mother-child hospitalization in a child psychology service].  

PubMed

Mother-child hospitalization is still rarely practiced in child psychiatric services. The experience of this kind of care in the child and adolescent psychopathology service in the Herold Hospital (Paris), however, demonstrates its interest. It permits one to respect the bond of attachment and proves to be a useful instrument of psychiatric evaluation of children, particularly in greater diagnostic precision to which the observation of the mother-child unit also contributes. The conjoint hospitalization, however, involves some risks, which can be anticipated in pre-hospitalization work up: repercussion on the family, difficulties in the functioning of the care taking team, and especially the impact on the mother of the hospitalization which creates a real crisis situation which must be handled in order to be able to use the maturative possibilities. PMID:3786583

Guedeney, N; Mouren, M C; Dugas, M

1986-01-01

384

Integrating Couple Teamwork Conversations into Child Welfare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the importance of and challenges to addressing couple teamwork issues in the child welfare population. Although there is substantial evidence to support the importance of healthy adult relationships for child well-being and the prevention of child maltreatment, there are a number of barriers to addressing these couple…

Christensen, Dana; Antle, Becky; Johnson, Lisa

2008-01-01

385

Correlates of Secondary Traumatic Stress in Child Protective Services Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to add to the limited research on secondary traumatic stress in child welfare by investigating correlates of secondary traumatic stress (STS) in child protective services workers. Specifically, we examined the relationship between levels of STS in CPS professionals and personal history of trauma, peer and administrative support, intent to remain employed in child welfare,

Brian E. Bride; Jenny L. Jones; Samuel A. Macmaster

2007-01-01

386

Child Care Helps America Work and Learn. Issue No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Child Care Helps America Work and Learn" is a new publication produced by the Child Care Bureau. This new series will highlight some of the many Recovery Act-funded child care success stories from communities across the country that illustrate how the Bureau is working toward the shared goal of supporting children and families. This issue of…

Child Care Bureau, 2010

2010-01-01

387

The unfinished agenda in child survival.  

PubMed

10 years ago, The Lancet published a Series about child survival. In this Review, we examine progress in the past decade in child survival, with a focus on epidemiology, interventions and intervention coverage, strategies of health programmes, equity, evidence, accountability, and global leadership. Knowledge of child health epidemiology has greatly increased, and although more and better interventions are available, they still do not reach large numbers of mothers and children. Child survival should remain at the heart of global goals in the post-2015 era. Many countries are now making good progress and need the time and support required to finish the task. The global health community should show its steadfast commitment to child survival by amassing knowledge and experience as a basis for ever more effective programmes. Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. PMID:24054535

Bryce, Jennifer; Victora, Cesar G; Black, Robert E

2013-09-21

388

Comprehensive Family Assessment Guidelines for Child Welfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document defines and describes the comprehensive family assessment (CFA) process in child welfare; articulates the assumptions of quality practice that support the comprehensive family assessment; identifies the key points in the casework process whe...

P. Schene

2005-01-01

389

Child passenger safety.  

PubMed

Despite significant reductions in the number of children killed in motor vehicle crashes over the past decade, crashes continue to be the leading cause of death for children 4 years and older. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend inclusion of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit. This technical report provides a summary of the evidence in support of 5 recommendations for best practices to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence that all pediatricians should know and promote in their routine practice. These recommendations are presented in the revised policy statement on child passenger safety in the form of an algorithm that is intended to facilitate their implementation by pediatricians with their patients and families. The algorithm is designed to cover the majority of situations that pediatricians will encounter in practice. In addition, a summary of evidence on a number of additional issues that affect the safety of children in motor vehicles, including the proper use and installation of child restraints, exposure to air bags, travel in pickup trucks, children left in or around vehicles, and the importance of restraint laws, is provided. Finally, this technical report provides pediatricians with a number of resources for additional information to use when providing anticipatory guidance to families. PMID:21422094

Durbin, Dennis R

2011-03-21

390

Developing Child-Centered Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At a Quito elementary school, the biggest challenge facing teachers was developing a curriculum that supports child-centered learning, a new concept for Ecuador's traditional society. To strengthen their own teaching and involve parents, a bilingual group of teachers began by collaborating among themselves. The result was a thematically oriented…

Salmon, Angela Katiuska; Truax, Roberta

1998-01-01

391

The American Child: A Cultural Studies Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been increased critical interest in the child as a rich and varied site of cultural inscription. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines have turned their attention to the child in order to interrogate how it comes to represent, and often codify, the prevailing ideologies of a given culture or historical period. Noting that narratives…

Levander, Caroline F., Ed.; Singley, Carol J., Ed.

392

Child Care Workers: Victims, Nonvictims or Victimizers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care workers may derogate youth in order to restore their own sense of justice and may do so only when they feel organizationally and personally unable to help the youth. The relationship between child care workers' sense of power (both in their agencies and to help youth) and their perceptions of the youth was examined for a sample of 171…

Fine, Michelle

393

Addiction to child pornography: A psychological analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addiction to the Internet, the usage to deviant materials, such as child pornography, and personality traits which correlate with the usage of child pornography are the main points of interest in the current study. A literature review was conducted in order to gain an understanding of what has been done in terms of addiction to the Internet, sexualized addictions, and

Rachel A Sitarz

2010-01-01

394

Multimedia Training for Child Protective Service Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protective service agencies are showing increasing interest in computer based training due to factors such as deskil-ling of worker tasks, high turnover, and court orders to improve worker performance. Recent developments in computer-based multimedia offer new potential for computer based training. This article describes a child protective services case simulation and the results of preliminary testing. Fourteen users with

Rosemary Satterwhite; Dick Schoech

1996-01-01

395

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...302.85 Section 302.85 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD...Support Information Systems Division, Office of State Systems, ACF, 370...

2012-10-01

396

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...6 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...payable for one month, or on an earlier date in accordance with State...

2012-10-01

397

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...payable for one month, or on an earlier date in accordance with State...

2011-10-01

398

Child with NF1  

MedlinePLUS

... cult to know what to expect for a young child who only has café-au-lait spots. It ... as these can be signs of malignancy. The child’s learning and cognitive development should be monitored and discussed ...

399

Child Custody in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the transitional nature of child custody decisions in current legal decisions, and the shifting emhasis from parental to child's rights. The legal structure of joint custody is based on the child's right and need for conjoint parental accessibility. (Author)

Franklin, Robin L.; Hibbs, B.

1980-01-01

400

Concussion - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... hard play at recess, being overly active, and physical education class. Ask the doctor when your child can ... their normal activities. Make sure your child’s teacher, physical education teacher, coaches, and school nurse are aware of ...

401

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

402

Technology Insertion (TI)/Industrial Process Improvement (IPI) Task Order Number 1. Data Base Documentation Book for OO-ALC/MABPFF (B52 Support).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Technology Insertion (TI)/Industrial Process Improvement (IPI) data base documentation book for OC-ALC/MABPFF (B52 Support) contains detailed information about layouts equipment and processes for this RCC (Resource Control Center).

1989-01-01

403

5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the court orders will be honored in the...relate to the same former spouse, separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored....

2013-01-01

404

Infantilization, civilization, and child abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to present something of a cultural historical context in order to be able to talk about corporal punishment. Or, even more generally, it presents the cultural historical background of our feelings and perceptions of child abuse in general. First the infantilization process is discussed, that is the increasing duration of childhood over the centuries. Then, by using

Willem Koops

2012-01-01

405

Child and Nonviolent Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the nature of the child and the impact of socialization experiences on his capacity to act nonviolently in a changing social order. Presents a socialization model that draws on different disciplinary frameworks and research areas (animal and human ethnology, social learning theories, altruism studies, and reviews of protest movements).…

Boulding, Elise

1974-01-01

406

Learning & Growing Together: Understanding and Supporting Your Child's Development = Aprender y crecer juntos: Como comprender y fomentar el desarrollo de sus hijos [with] Tip Sheets: Ideas for Professionals in Programs That Serve Young Children and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that the primary caregivers for infants and toddlers are their own best resource for understanding and caring for their child and that parenting is a lifelong learning process, this book provides information and tools to help caregivers build a strong foundation for their child's development. The book, both in English and…

Lerner, Claire; Dombro, Amy Laura; Powers, Stefanie

407

Learning & Growing Together: Understanding and Supporting Your Child's Development = Aprender y crecer juntos: Como comprender y fomentar el desarrollo de sus hijos [with] Tip Sheets: Ideas for Professionals in Programs That Serve Young Children and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the view that the primary caregivers for infants and toddlers are their own best resource for understanding and caring for their child and that parenting is a lifelong learning process, this book provides information and tools to help caregivers build a strong foundation for their child's development. The book, both in English and…

Lerner, Claire; Dombro, Amy Laura; Powers, Stefanie

408

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

Publications Blog Media Contact Global Network Active AMBER Alerts Browser Support WARNING: You must have javascript enabled in your browser in order to experience the full functionality of the Missing Kids website. Click on Browser Support for more information. NOTICE: Your ...

409

Reforms and child development.  

PubMed

Since their inception in the 1930s, U.S. welfare and income support programs have played an important role in providing benefits to children. Unlike programs directly targeted to children, however, welfare programs are designed to produce economic and employment impacts on adults, so that any effects on children would be indirect. This article explores the influence of such programs on children's well-being and development, first by defining goals for children's healthy development, then by proposing a framework for understanding the impact of welfare policies on children. A review of the literature within each component of this framework reveals the following: Measures of children's well-being should encompass physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development. The physical and material environment, family environment, and social and community environment can all affect a child's healthy development. Policies designed to increase maternal employment, reduce welfare use, and strengthen families do not necessarily lead to more positive environmental contexts and increased child well-being. The author concludes that to ensure positive impacts on children, welfare and income support policies must move beyond their exclusive emphasis on adults and include goals that focus on improving children's social and physical environments at home and in the community. PMID:11980039

Huston, Aletha C

410

The effect of parent–child attachment relationships on child biopsychosocial outcomes: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial progress has been made in the conceptualization and study of attachment stability over time, and substantial evidence has accumulated on the association between attachment classification and biopsychosocial functioning (including social–emotional competence, cognition, physical health and mental health). The literature supports the intuitive belief that parent–child attachment representations affect infant and child development in a variety of domains and across

Kenna E. Ranson; Liana J. Urichuk

2008-01-01

411

The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2012-01-01

412

Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

413

Strategies To Build and Sustain Good Child Care Quality during Welfare Reform. Issue Brief #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the 1995 Child Care Action Campaign national audioconference examines approaches to building support among child care providers, legislators, and parents for investments in good quality child care in light of welfare reform. The report summarizes recent findings that children in good quality child care had a more developed…

Miller, Laurie

414

Do child molesters hold distorted beliefs? What does their memory recall tell us?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do child molesters hold distorted beliefs (or cognitive distortions) that support their sexual offending? To test this hypothesis, we asked 28 child molesters and 20 inmate controls to read a description of child molestation. Within this vignette, we planted 10 ambiguous descriptions. If child molesters’ information processing were driven by cognitive distortions, we hypothesized that they would use this knowledge

Theresa A. Gannon; Daniel B. Wright; Anthony R. Beech; Sian Williams

2006-01-01

415

20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child...presence of a child in the family group is that the child be dependent upon the employee. The dependency requirements and the...

2013-04-01

416

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...When a natural child is dependent. 222.51 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and...a natural child is dependent. The employee's...earnings record and the relationship of the child to the...will be considered dependent upon the...

2013-04-01

417

Subsidized Child Care in Cuyahoga County: Using the System Is No Easy Matter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A focus group study examined child care experiences of 16 low-income women living in Cleveland, Ohio to gain an understanding of these women's experiences with child care in general and with the system that assures access to child care subsidies or vouchers for supported child care. Several themes emerged from the study: (1) parents prefer…

Pearlmutter, Sue; Katona, Michelle

418

[Liaison child psychiatry and the interpersonal relationships in the context of the general child hospital].  

PubMed

The staff of a big general hospital is a community of people with all the alliances and conflicts developing within it. The child psychiatrist works primarily with the pediatricians and the nurses but also with other specialized people of this community. Pediatricians require a prompt answer to their call, clarity of communication and effectiveness. Child psychiatrists complain among other things that they are often invited a little before the discharge of the child, that their instructions are frequently not followed and that they are not informed about the discharge of the patient so to make adequate planning. At the hospital prejudices may exist about child psychiatry which have to be overcome by the specialist. Meetings between child psychiatrists and pediatricians regarding their common patients are helpful in the development of alliances as well as for the appreciation of the knowledge and the understanding of patients which a child psychiatrist can communicated. Teaching pediatric residents knowledge regarding child development elements of psychopathology and of the function of families helps them to become acquainted with child psychiatry. The same possibility is offered through the daily clinical work of a child psychiatrist. Contact with the nursing staff is necessary in order to improve patient care and staff cooperation. Relationships developed in the context of consultation liaison child psychiatry are frequently modified and under review but can also help to the establishment of respect for the work offered by a child psychiatrist. PMID:22466522

Liakopoulou, M

2007-04-01

419

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is...

2013-04-01

420

25 CFR 11.1208 - Service of the protection order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Child Protection and Domestic Violence Procedures § 11.1208 Service of the protection order. When an order of protection is granted under...

2011-04-01

421

Memorandum of the United States in Support of Petition for an Order to Show Cause Why Respondent Microsoft Corporation Should Not Be Found in Civil Contempt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1997 the issue of whether or not Microsoft engages in monopolistic practices again emerged. The US Justice Department filed charges against Microsoft in the District Court of the District of Columbia on October 20, 1997. Details about the filing can be found at the DOJ site. The DOJ site also provides the memorandum in support of the petition

1997-01-01

422

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... to the touch, or have a thick, yellow, green, or milky drainage. Your child has pain that is not helped by pain medicines. It is hard for your child to breathe. Your child has a cough that does not go away. Your child cannot drink or eat. Your ...

423

Supporting the Supporter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stacy Kane Greenzeig knows that being the parent of a child with special needs is a difficult, time consuming, emotionally draining, and a selfless job. As the mother of a son with disabilities, she has faced the challenges first hand and learned quickly that researching treatments, visiting doctors' offices, and working to help her child in any…

Apel, Laura

2008-01-01

424

The Child Bipolar Questionnaire (CBQ) A Screening Instrument for Juvenile-onset Bipolar Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to address the significant gap in available psychiatric rating scale instruments designed to assess juvenile-onset bipolar disorder symptoms, the Juvenile Bipolar Research Foundation (JBRF) has supported the development of an assessment instrument for this purpose. This scale, called the Child Bipolar Questionnaire (CBQ), is a 65-item behavioral assessment tool. Preliminary data indicate that the CBQ has adequate-to- excellent

Demitri F. Papolos; Melissa Cockerham; John Hennon

425

On iterative solvers in structural mechanics; separate displacement orderings and mixed variable methods 1 This work has been partly supported by INTAS-RFBR 95-0098. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems in structural mechanics can be very large scale and also extremely ill-conditioned due to both a small mesh-size parameter and extreme values of the problem parameters. Their numerical solution require iterative solvers with efficient preconditioners.In this paper preconditioners based on separate displacement orderings and mixed variable methods are considered.

Owe Axelsson

1999-01-01

426

Propulsion and Power Rapid Response Research and Development (R&D) Support. Delivery Order 0011: Advanced Propulsion Fuels R&D Subtask: Advanced Propulsion Fuels Research and Development Support to AFRL/RQTF.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall aim of this program was to provide subject matter expertise and technical and engineering services to UTC/AFRL in support of the evaluation of emerging synthetic aviation fuels. Tasks included the following: (1) Elastomer-Fuel Compatibility St...

D. M. Yost E. Frame G. R. Bessee G. R. Wilson S. A. Hutzler

2012-01-01

427

Promoting the young child's development in the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Young children are much more emotionally vulnerable to hospitalization than are adults. The admission of a child to an intensive care unit (ICU) is stress-producing and can affect the child's ability to develop at an optimal level. This article provides the ICU nurse with a working knowledge of normal growth and developmental patterns of infants and toddlers. Internal strengths of the child, external supports, and environmental manipulation that the nurse can use to promote the critically ill child's growth and development and support the child in coping with hospitalization are presented. Discussion centers on the child experiencing an acute crisis that requires long-term intensive monitoring, rather than on the chronically ill child. PMID:2722538

Wilson, T; Broome, M E

1989-05-01

428

Assessment of Child Care Quality in Four Counties in Minnesota. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to assess the state of child care in Minnesota, this study examined child care needs, resources, and issues in four counties representing both rural and urban parts of the state. Three sources of information were tapped: (1) the county Child Care Resource and Referral databases; (2) a survey of directors of child care centers; and (3)…

Davis, Elizabeth E.; Ceglowski, Deborah

429

The International Epidemiology of Child Sexual Abuse: A Continuation of Finkelhor (1994)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The purpose of this paper was to compare the prevalence rates of child sexual abuse reported by [Finkelhor, D. (1994). "The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse." "Child Abuse & Neglect," 18 (5), 409-417] with those found in recent publications in order to confirm the widespread prevalence of child sexual abuse. Methods:…

Pereda, Noemi; Guilera, Georgina; Forns, Maria; Gomez-Benito, Juana

2009-01-01

430

Synthesis and hydrodesulfurization properties of NiW catalyst supported on high aluminum content, highly ordered, and hydrothermally stable Al-SBA-15  

Microsoft Academic Search

Highly ordered mesoporous Al-SBA-15 with high aluminum content and high hydrothermal stability has been synthesized by a new pH-adjusting and high-temperature hydrothermal treatment approach. Thus prepared samples were characterized by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption, temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy with pyridine adsorption, temperature-programmed reduction with hydrogen, and high-resolution

Yang Li; Dahai Pan; Chengzhong Yu; Yu Fan; Xiaojun Bao

431

Family Welfare Reform Act. Hearings on H.R. 1720 To Replace the Existing AFDC Program with a New Family Support Program...before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (March 30; April 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These hearings concern proposed legislation to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a new family support program. The new program would emphasize work, child support, and need-based family support supplements. Families would be assisted in obtaining education, training, and employment in order to avoid long-term dependence…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

432

Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Well-Being:Can Dads Make a Difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the child supplement to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a series of multivariate regression models were tested to determine whether father visitation or the payment of child support are significantly associated with several measures of child welleing. The results indicate that there is limited evidence to support the hypothesis that nonresident father involvement has positive benefits

VALARIE KING

1994-01-01

433

Do Parents Blame or Doubt their Child More When Sexually Abused by Adolescents Versus Adults?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the importance of parental support for child sexual abuse victims is well documented, the nature of parental support for victims sexually abused by adolescents is less understood. In this exploratory study, we examine whether parents differ in their levels of blame or doubt for their child when sexually abused by adolescents versus adults. Data included 161 reports of child

Wendy A. Walsh; Theodore P. Cross; Lisa M. Jones

2012-01-01

434

The genome sequence of the crenarchaeon Acidilobus saccharovorans supports a new order, Acidilobales, and suggests an important ecological role in terrestrial acidic hot springs.  

PubMed

Acidilobus saccharovorans is an anaerobic, organotrophic, thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon isolated from a terrestrial hot spring. We report the complete genome sequence of A. saccharovorans, which has permitted the prediction of genes for Embden-Meyerhof and Entner-Doudoroff pathways and genes associated with the oxidative tricarboxylic acid cycle. The electron transfer chain is branched with two sites of proton translocation and is linked to the reduction of elemental sulfur and thiosulfate. The genomic data suggest an important role of the order Acidilobales in thermoacidophilic ecosystems whereby its members can perform a complete oxidation of organic substrates, closing the anaerobic carbon cycle. PMID:20581186

Mardanov, Andrey V; Svetlitchnyi, Vitali A; Beletsky, Alexey V; Prokofeva, Maria I; Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Elizaveta A; Ravin, Nikolai V; Skryabin, Konstantin G

2010-06-25

435

Blaming children for child pedestrian injuries.  

PubMed

Pedestrian injuries are a leading cause of childhood mortality. In this paper a case study of a child pedestrian death is presented in order to examine the apportionment of responsibility for child pedestrian injuries. The case presented illustrates how responsibility is located with the child, whilst structural contributors, in particular aspects of the transport system, are ignored. The strength and pervasiveness of the ideology of victim blaming in child pedestrian injuries is explained by the special position that the road transport system holds in relation to dominant economic interests. Victim blaming ideology is a strategy that serves to maintain these interests at the expense and suffering of children. Increased recognition of the political roots of the ideology of victim blaming in child pedestrian injuries, by the sectors of the community who suffer its consequences, will be an important step towards effective preventive action. PMID:8171353

Roberts, I; Coggan, C

1994-03-01

436

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy With a Spanish-Speaking Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is relatively little information on the treatment effectiveness of child behavior-management programs with Spanish-speaking populations. Though there are several empirically supported treatments available in English, research on the applicability of these programs in Spanish is virtually nonexistent. This single-case study discusses the application of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with a Spanish-speaking mother-child dyad to address the child’'s externalizing behavior

Joaquin Borrego; Karla Anhalt; Sherri Y. Terao; Eric C. Vargas; Anthony J. Urquiza

2006-01-01

437

Child-Friendly Cities: Canadian Perspectives1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights a research project entitled, Child-Friendly Cities and Participatory Planning and Design in Canada. The article describes a graduate course, Child-Friendly Cities in Canada, which supported the research. Highlighted is a protocol (based on 15 factors) for collecting examples of best practices—including the degree of young people's participation, intended goals of fostering independence, recognition of diverse groups of

Rae Bridgman

2004-01-01

438

Child neglect and psychological abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... also called psychological abuse) is a form of child abuse that occurs when someone intentionally does not provide ... disregard for the child's well being See also: Child abuse - physical Child abuse - sexual

439

Undetected and detected child sexual abuse and child pornography offenders.  

PubMed

Current knowledge about risk factors for child sexual abuse and child pornography offenses is based on samples of convicted offenders, i.e., detected offenders. Only few studies focus on offenders not detected by the criminal justice system. In this study, a sample of 345 self-referred pedophiles and hebephiles was recruited from the community. All participants met DSM-IV-TR criteria for pedophilia or hebephilia (paraphilia not otherwise specified), were assured of confidentiality, and self-reported lifetime sexual offending against prepubescent and/or pubescent children. Two sets of group comparisons were conducted on self-report data of risk factors for sexual reoffending. Measures of risk factors address the following dimensions identified in samples of convicted offenders: sexual preferences (i.e. co-occurring paraphilias), sexual self-regulation problems, offense-supportive cognitions, diverse socio-affective deficits, and indicators of social functioning (e.g., education, employment). Men who admitted current or previous investigation or conviction by legal authorities (detected offenders) were compared with those who denied any detection for their sexual offenses against children (undetected offenders). Group comparisons (detected vs. undetected) were further conducted for each offense type separately (child pornography only offenders, child sexual abuse only offenders, mixed offenders). Although there were more similarities between undetected and detected offenders, selected measures of sexual-self regulation problems, socio-affective deficits, and social functioning data demonstrated group differences. PMID:22420934

Neutze, Janina; Grundmann, Dorit; Scherner, Gerold; Beier, Klaus Michael

2012-03-14

440

Communication for Child Survival,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual presents a systematic public health communication methodology for child survival programs. It is meant for health and communication professionals who wish to use communication strategies to improve child health in the developing world. The manu...

M. R. Rasmuson R. E. Seidel W. A. Smith E. M. Booth

1988-01-01

441

Child Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... your child has a fever. A child's mental health problem may be harder to identify, but you ... or hurting or destroying things. Some common mental health problems in children are Depression Anxiety Behavior disorders ...

442

Hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere with reduced graphene oxide supporter for a highly efficient photodegradation of methylene blue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A facile one-pot method for the fabrication of high quality self-assembled hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere-reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite without the use of templates or surfactants is described. During the hydrothermal process, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was loaded into the ZnS microsphere by in situ reduction of graphene oxide added in the self-assembly system. The morphology and structure of the as-prepared composites were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Incorporation of reduced graphene oxide as an excellent electron-transporting material effectively suppresses the charge recombination. Hence, a significant enhancement in the photocatalytic efficiency for the photodegradation of methylene blue was observed with the ZnS-RGO composite, compared to the pure ZnS. Overall, this research results may lay down new vistas for the in situ fabrication of the ZnS-RGO composite as a highly efficient photocatalysis under visible-light irradiation and their applications in environmental protection.

Sookhakian, M.; Amin, Y. M.; Basirun, W. J.

2013-10-01

443

Recognizing the child in child poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past few decades, a particular need for a child-centered perspective has emerged, based on evidence that children are more susceptible to environmental and social risks, and that they have different needs than adults do. This article examines issues affecting children in existing measurements and presents conceptual considerations for future work toward defining and measuring child poverty. Current definitions

Sebastián J. Lipina; Jennifer Simonds; M. Soledad Segretin

2011-01-01

444

Child Poverty and Changes in Child Poverty  

PubMed Central

This article offers a cross-country overview of child poverty, changes in child poverty, and the impact of public policy in North America and Europe. Levels and changes in child poverty rates in 12 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries during the 1990s are documented using data from the Luxembourg Income Study project, and a decomposition analysis is used to uncover the relative role of demographic factors, labor markets, and income transfers from the state in determining the magnitude and direction of the changes. Child poverty rates fell noticeably in only three countries and rose in three others. In no country were demographic factors a force for higher child poverty rates, but these factors were also limited in their ability to cushion children from adverse shocks originating in the labor market or the government sector. Increases in the labor market engagement of mothers consistently lowered child poverty rates, while decreases in the employment rates and earnings of fathers were a force for higher rates. Finally, there is no single road to lower child poverty rates. Reforms to income transfers intended to increase labor supply may or may not end up lowering the child poverty rate.

CHEN, WEN-HAO; CORAK, MILES

2008-01-01

445

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

446

The Everyday Concerns of Mothers of Young Children and the Motivation to Seek Ongoing Parenting Support from Experts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother-child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the…

Murphy, Sean M.; Zweifach, Jessica; Hoffman, Leon

2012-01-01

447

The Everyday Concerns of Mothers of Young Children and the Motivation to Seek Ongoing Parenting Support from Experts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother-child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the…

Murphy, Sean M.; Zweifach, Jessica; Hoffman, Leon

2012-01-01

448

The everyday concerns of mothers of young children and the motivation to seek ongoing parenting support from experts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother–child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the nature and frequency of the concerns that prompted them

Sean M. Murphy; Jessica Zweifach; Leon Hoffman

2012-01-01

449

The everyday concerns of mothers of young children and the motivation to seek ongoing parenting support from experts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a significant body of work that documents the importance of mother–child relationships, the studies on programmes that support these relationships are few, particularly with respect to subclinical populations. In this report, we coded the responses of 114 mothers of infants and toddlers to open-ended questions in order to identify the nature and frequency of the concerns that prompted them

Sean M. Murphy; Jessica Zweifach; Leon Hoffman

2011-01-01

450

Child Care Design Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides architects, interior designers, developers, and child-care professionals with detailed information on the planning and design of child care centers. Part 1 examines the current state of child care in the United States and offers an overall philosophical concert--the spirit of place--as the framework for all center design. Part…

Olds, Anita Rui

451

Child prostitution in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central

Carmen Lau

2008-01-01

452

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

453

As child survival and development advocates: the PFA/UNICEF experience.  

PubMed

The Press Foundation of Asia was founded in 1968 by editors and publishers in Asia and the Pacific. Its activities include an editorial program which publishes several editions of DEPTHnews and a training program for training journalists and other communicators in the skills needed to report news stories in different fields, including child survival and development. The Press Foundation's programs are coordinated by the Foundation secretariate in Manila in coordination with national and regional associates throughout Asia and the Pacific. The UN Childrens Fund selected the Asian Press Foundation as its partner in the Communication Training Project in Support of Child Survival and Development. The objectives of the Project are to make journalists aware of child survival issues, to win the involvement of governments and nongovernmental organizations in child survival, and to create a desire for more information on the subject. The Project conducted a total of 21 workshops for training communicators and produces a monthly newsletter "Asian Women and Children." The workshops concentrate on the presentation of facts related to child survival, the conduction of discussion groups and field trips, and exercises in writing features for newspapers and radio, based on what was learned and seen. As a result of the Foundation's efforts, the city of Tacloban in the Philippines achieved 80% child immunization coverage, and comic book editors and publishers in the Philippines began running health features in comic book format. In order for the media to help in child survival, they must know of the plight of mothers and children, they must be given information in ready-to-use format, they must be dealt with openly, they must be made aware of contrary messages in the media, such as those of the milk companies, they must be given recognition and acknowledgment of their contributions, and they must get feedback. PMID:12282139

Tirol, V G

1989-07-01

454

Evaluation of the child with acute ataxia: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Evaluation of acute ataxia in a child poses a dilemma for the clinician in determining the extent and timing of initial screening tests. This article reviews the evidence concerning the diagnostic yield of commonly ordered tests in evaluating the child with acute ataxia. The literature revealed the following frequencies of laboratory screening abnormalities in children with acute ataxia: CT (?2.5%), MRI (?5%), lumbar puncture (43%), EEG (42%), and toxicology (49%). In most studies, abnormalities detected by these screening tests were nondiagnostic. There are insufficient data to assess yields of testing for autoimmune disorders or inborn errors of metabolism. A toxicology screen should be considered in all children presenting with acute ataxia. Neuroimaging should be considered in all children with new onset ataxia. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis has limited diagnostic specificity unless clinically indicated. Studies to examine neurophysiology testing did have sufficient evidence to support their use. There is insufficient evidence to establish a role for autoantibody testing or for routine screening for inborn error of metabolism in children presenting with acute ataxia. Finally, in a child presenting with ataxia and opsoclonus myoclonus, urine catecholamine testing for occult neuroblastoma is recommended. Nuclear scan may be considered, however, there is insufficient evidence for additional body imaging. PMID:23683541

Whelan, Harry T; Verma, Sumit; Guo, Yan; Thabet, Farouq; Bozarth, Xiuhua; Nwosu, Michelle; Katyayan, Akshat; Parachuri, Venu; Spangler, Katie; Ruggeri, Barbara E; Srivatsal, Sindhu; Zhang, Guojun; Ashwal, Stephen

2013-05-16

455

The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and…

Blank, Helen

456

Comparison of Physical Child Abusers, Intrafamilial Sexual Child Abusers, and Child Neglecters  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifty subjects, including 30 physical child abusers, 15 intrafamilial sexual child abusers, 30 child neglecters, and three matched comparison groups were compared on levels of distress, unhappiness, loneliness, rigidity, negative concept of child and self, child problems, and problems from family and others. All child maltreatment groups reported elevated levels of personal distress, unhappiness, loneliness, and rigidity.

JOEL S. MILNER; KEVIN R. ROBERTSON

1990-01-01

457

Providing Child Care to Military Families: The Role of the Demand Formula in Defining Need and Informing Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to meeting the need for child care among military families. DoD supports the largest employer-sponsored system of high-quality child care in the country. Through accredited child development centers (CDCs), family child care (FCC) homes, youth centers, and other after-school programs, DoD currently…

Moini, Joy S.; Zellman, Gail L.; Gates, Susan M.

2006-01-01

458

Child feeding and human rights  

PubMed Central

Background The human right to adequate food needs to be interpreted for the special case of young children because they are vulnerable, others make the choices for them, and their diets are not diverse. There are many public policy issues relating to child feeding. Discussion The core of the debate lies in differences in views on the merits of infant formula. In contexts in which there is strong evidence and a clear consensus that the use of formula would be seriously dangerous, it might be sensible to adopt rules limiting its use. However, until there is broad consensus on this point, the best universal rule would be to rely on informed choice by mothers, with their having a clearly recognized right to objective and consistent information on the risks of using different feeding methods in their particular local circumstances. Summary The obligation of the state to assure that mothers are well informed should be viewed as part of its broader obligation to establish social conditions that facilitate sound child feeding practices. This means that mothers should not be compelled to feed in particular ways by the state, but rather the state should assure that mothers are supported and enabled to make good feeding choices. Thus, children should be viewed as having the right to be breastfed, not in the sense that the mother is obligated to breastfeed the child, but in the sense that no one may interfere with the mother's right to breastfeed the child. Breastfeeding should be viewed as the right of the mother and child together.

Kent, George

2006-01-01

459

Assessing the need for child-care health consultants.  

PubMed

This study surveyed health and safety needs of child-care programs; examined the perceptions of directors, the person identified as being responsible for a program, concerning health consultation; and determined how directors would secure funds to pay for consultative services. The survey was conducted in a state without mandates for child-care health consultation and minimal access to consultants. The researchers designed and pilot-tested a Child Care Health and Safety Survey. Working with a task group of statewide child health experts, the researchers revised the survey and mailed it to a random sample of child-care programs. Twenty-two Head Start Programs, 122 licensed child-care centers, and 116 family child-care homes participated, representing a return rate of 73, 36, and 30%, respectively. The majority of programs expressed interest in child-care health consultation offered for free or fee-based. Directors identified reasonable means of obtaining funds to support consultation. All programs had needs related to supporting health practices in their settings, provision of health services for staff, and health screening for children. Public health nurses, specially trained to advise child care, are well positioned to offer consultation. Systems of health consultation may be accepted as fee-for-service arrangements, supporting sustainability. PMID:15670320

Gaines, Sherry K; Wold, Judith L; Spencer, Lorine; Leary, Janie M

460

Child maltreatment: screening and anticipatory guidance.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a problem of epidemic proportions in the United States. Given the numbers of children affected by child maltreatment and the dire consequences that can develop, prompt identification of child maltreatment is crucial. Despite support of the implementation and development of protocols for child maltreatment screening by professional organizations such as the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners and American Academy of Pediatrics, little is available in the literature regarding the screening practices of pediatric nurse practitioners and other pediatric health care providers. This Continuing Education article will help pediatric nurse practitioners incorporate this vital screening intervention into their practice. Practical examples of when and how to incorporate screening questions and anticipatory guidance for discipline practices, crying, intimate partner violence (domestic violence), physical abuse, and sexual abuse will be discussed. PMID:23791118

Hornor, Gail

461

Supporting Family Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Supporting family choice in the decision-making process is recommended practice in the field of early childhood and early childhood special education. These decisions may relate to the medical, educational, social, recreational, therapeutic/rehabilitative, and community aspects of the child's disability. Although this practice conveys the message…

Murray, Mary M.; Christensen, Kimberly A.; Umbarger, Gardner T.; Rade, Karin C.; Aldridge, Kathryn; Niemeyer, Judith A.

2007-01-01

462

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Review...enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307.25 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT...

2011-10-01

463

The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome.  

PubMed

Child victims of sexual abuse face secondary trauma in the crisis of discovery. Their attempts to reconcile their private experiences with the realities of the outer world are assaulted by the disbelief, blame and rejection they experience from adults. The normal coping behavior of the child contradicts the entrenched beliefs and expectations typically held by adults, stigmatizing the child with charges of lying, manipulating or imagining from parents, courts and clinicians. Such abandonment by the very adults most crucial to the child's protection and recovery drives the child deeper into self-blame, self-hate, alienation and revictimization. In contrast, the advocacy of an empathic clinician within a supportive treatment network can provide vital credibility and endorsement for the child. Evaluation of the responses of normal children to sexual assault provides clear evidence that societal definitions of "normal" victim behavior are inappropriate and procrustean, serving adults as mythic insulators against the child's pain. Within this climate of prejudice, the sequential survival options available to the victim further alienate the child from any hope of outside credibility or acceptance. Ironically, the child's inevitable choice of the "wrong" options reinforces and perpetuates the prejudicial myths. The most typical reactions of children are classified in this paper as the child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome. The syndrome is composed of five categories, of which two define basic childhood vulnerability and three are sequentially contingent on sexual assault: (1) secrecy, (2) helplessness, (3) entrapment and accommodation, (4) delayed, unconvincing disclosure, and (5) retraction. The accommodation syndrome is proposed as a simple and logical model for use by clinicians to improve understanding and acceptance of the child's position in the complex and controversial dynamics of sexual victimization. Application of the syndrome tends to challenge entrenched myths and prejudice, providing credibility and advocacy for the child within the home, the courts, and throughout the treatment process. The paper also provides discussion of the child's coping strategies as analogs for subsequent behavioral and psychological problems, including implications for specific modalities of treatment. PMID:6605796

Summit, R C

1983-01-01

464

[A study on the grief and coping pattern of mothers who have a chronically ill child].  

PubMed

This study was done in order to identify symptoms of grief and patterns of coping in mothers of chronically ill children. Nurses, as health professionals, must understand helpful coping methods for mothers who have chronically ill children. Based on this knowledge, nurses can develop appropriate nursing intervention strategies, and so help the mothers to develop effective ways of coping and give support to mothers with chronically ill children in process of coping with this grief. The research questions guiding this research were: 1. what type of grief does the mother have at the time of child's diagnosis and at present? 2. what are the problems confronting the mother? 3. what are the coping patterns of the mother? 4. is there a difference according to child's diagnosis in the mother's grief and coping pattern? Ths subject for this study were obtained by taking a convenience sample of 120 mothers with a chronically ill child. Interviews took place in four medical school hospitals and one medical center in Seoul from March 19th to May 16th 1990. The tools used in this study were Mcfarlan's (1983), Grief contents, Folkman & Lazarus (1983), Ways of Coping and Hymovich's (1983) the Chronicity Impact and Coping Instrument. The findings were as follows; 1. Grief items had a maximum score of three points. The highest item scores at the time of diagnosis, were in order, heart broken, talkative, and could not do anything, at the present, 'talkative', 'heart broken' and 'busy myself with other things'. 2. The problems confronting the mothers were 'worry about ill child's future', 'her responsibilities in taking care of the ill child.' 3. Most of the mothers used similar ways of coping, that is 'problem focused coping', 'detachment', 'wishful thinking', 'seeking social support' and 'focusing on the positive and hardly any of them used 'tension reduction'. 4. There was a significant difference in coping methods according to the child's diagnosis, leukemia, cancer hemophillia and nephrotic syndrome. The most frequently used coping method was detachment, especially for the mother of the child with. 5. At the time of diagnosis there was a positive correlation between the level of grief and the coping method of detachment and seeking social support. PMID:2266722

Han, J S; Oh, K

1990-10-31

465

Care of the abandoned child.  

PubMed

Care of abandoned children in India is discussed in terms of reasons for abandonment, the physical condition of the children, and legal categories. The options available currently are the cottage system, sponsorship programs, foster care, or adoption. Child-care and rehabilitation that may be necessary is specified as is the importance of maintaining records. The gaps in child-care are exposed. The role of nongovernmental organization (NGOs) and new legislation in closing the gaps is presented. Abandonment is usually a direct result of poverty, but it can also be caused by mental or physical handicaps or illegitimacy. The numbers of abandoned children may reach 2 million. 40-60% of abandoned infants die during monsoons and summers. The legal categories are privately abandoned, children on remand, or court-committed children. The cottage system emphasizes deinstitutionalization, but there remains a great demand for care. Sponsorship aims to strengthen the family unit to prevent abandonment. Foster care provides an alternative family substitute, but is known only theoretically. Childcare may involve instant hospitalization, care is an institution, or foster care with a suitable family. Nursery care requires discipline in hygiene, sanitation, maintenance of individual medical records, and a general cheerful atmosphere. Records are important for the child in later life and for adoption. Rehabilitation is a sociolegal process which must be done properly or it can jeopardize a child's future security. Despite the Supreme Court guidelines of 1984, there is no uniform system of adoption practices, and the child's interests are overlooked when adoptions are promoted. NGOs play an important role in making social welfare programs work. However their efforts are of limited help without government support and legislation. There is a lack of proper legislation which is outside the control of political and religious interests; e.g., Hindu law only permits adoption of one child of each sex. Malpractice exists because of the lack of uniform legislation and implementation, and restrictive and delaying tactics are just as harmful to the child. Trafficking in children to foreigners is still profitable. Suggestions include uniform and appropriate legislation, collaborative effort of NGOs and government-endorsed implementation, promotion of innovative and preventive measures to reduce abandonment, and development of an extensive program to provide safeguards against the exploitation of women. PMID:12317285

Raghunath, M

466

Women's Support, Women's Work: Child Care in an Era of Deficit Reduction, Devolution, Downsizing and Deregulation = Le soutien aux femmes, le travail des femmes et la garde d'enfants a l'ere de la reduction du deficit, du transfert des responsabilites, de la reduction de la taille de l'Etat et de la dereglementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the multiplicity of objectives that high quality child care can meet is the pivotal goal of promoting equality for women. Child care has consequences for women both as mothers and as providers of care for other people's children. Thus, women have a powerful stake in child care policy. Canada has no national child care policy, and its child

Doherty, Gillian; Friendly, Martha; Oloman, Mab

467

Parent-child aggression: association with child abuse potential and parenting styles.  

PubMed

The present investigation predicted that greater use of corporal punishment as well as physical maltreatment would be associated with child abuse potential and selected parenting styles. Three independent studies were examined, two with community samples and a third with a clinical at-risk sample of parents. Parents across all studies anonymously completed the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale to assess physical discipline and maltreatment, as well as the Parenting Scale to measure dysfunctional parenting styles. Findings support that overall parent-child aggression, as well as physical maltreatment behaviors specifically, were associated with child abuse potential. Parent-child aggression was also related to dysfunctional parenting styles, particularly an overreactive, authoritarian parenting style. Permissive parenting was also identified as potentially associated with physical maltreatment, although the findings regarding such lax parenting styles are less clear. Intriguing findings emerged regarding the connection of psychological aggression to both child abuse potential and dysfunctional parenting style. Child abuse potential was also associated with dysfunctional parenting style, particularly harsh, overreactive approaches. Recommendations for future study with at-risk samples and additional research on permissive parenting and psychological aggression are discussed. PMID:21287963

Rodriguez, Christina M

2010-01-01

468

Child-to-Child Training for Prevention of School Injuries in Odemis, Turkey.  

PubMed

Students encounter many risks for injury, which can impact their health and educational success; prevention of these injuries are paramount for school nurses. These article report results of a study conducted to determine the efficacy of training given to children regarding prevention of school injuries and to compare the effectiveness of instructor-to-child training to that of the child-to-child training method in affecting student attitudes toward the prevention of school injuries. An interventional teaching program was developed with the objective of positively impacting students' attitudes toward preventing school injuries. The health care training using instructor-to-child and child-to-child training produced a similar effect in changing the attitudes of students with respect to preventing school injuries. Given the high ratio of children to school nurses within the school systems in Turkey, nurses could consider the use of child-to-child training to supplement their own health care training to support changes in students' attitudes toward prevention of school injuries. PMID:23263266

Ergün, Sibel; Kalkim, Asli; Dolgun, Eda

2012-12-20

469

Mother-child planning and child compliance.  

PubMed

This study investigated child compliance and maternal instruction during planning. Based on the Child Behavior Checklist and free-play observations, 40 mothers and their 4- to 5-year-old children were assigned to a group with children who behaved within the normal range of compliance (n = 20) or a group with children with high rates of noncompliance for this age (n = 20). Mothers in the noncompliant group provided more low-level, directive, and negative instruction; requested more compliance; and shared less task responsibility with children. Mothers in both groups responded to child compliance by increasing or maintaining the level of instruction. Results are discussed in relation to the role of child compliance in regulating opportunities for cognitive development in social context. PMID:18489426

Gauvain, Mary; Perez, Susan M

470

Supporting Family Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supporting family choice in the decision-making process is recommended practice in the field of early childhood and early\\u000a childhood special education. These decisions may relate to the medical, educational, social, recreational, therapeutic\\/rehabilitative,\\u000a and community aspects of the child's disability. Although this practice conveys the message that families are the primary\\u000a decision-makers for their children, families are not always adequately supported

Mary M. Murray; Kimberly A. Christensen; Gardner T. Umbarger; Karin C. Rade; Kathryn Aldridge; Judith A. Niemeyer

2007-01-01

471

Parental Beliefs About Child Anxiety as a Mediator of Parent and Child Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has consistently supported a link between child and parental anxiety. Less well understood, however, are\\u000a mediators of this association. Recent work has suggested the importance of parental cognitions in understanding the relationship\\u000a between parental and child anxiety. The present investigation, employing a cross-sectional design, evaluates the potential\\u000a mediational role of a specific parental cognitive variable, namely parental beliefs

Sarah E. Francis; Bruce F. Chorpita

2011-01-01

472

The Role of the Child in Adult Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides theoretical and empirical support for the view that children play a large and often underappreciated role in adult development. Fifty parents and teachers were asked to discuss occasions when they learned something valuable from a child or when a child changed them in some significant way. Adults reported that children can cause them to (a) shift their

James J. Dillon

2002-01-01

473

Child Care Center Design & the Potential of Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the impact of layout and design of child care centers on the education of young children. It asserts that child care facilities must be designed to support and stimulate children's natural developmental processes, providing both direct and indirect educational opportunities. The paper discusses the stages of the design…

Abbott, Carl; Abbott, Cooper

474

Distributional and Behavioural Effects of Child Care Subsidies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology to describe the distributional and behavioural effects of child care subsidies is presented within a micro simulation framework. We discuss the effects of changing the governmental policy to support families with preschool children, from today's subsidisation of spaces at child care centres to an equal cash transfer to all families with preschoolers. In the decision model applied (Michalopoulos

Thor Olav Thoresen

1995-01-01

475

The prevention of sexual child abuse: Focus on the perpetrator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional approaches to the prevention of sexual assault focus on the victim. This paper presents two hypotheses relating to the development of the behavior of sexual child abuse in males, reviews empirical evidence supporting these hypotheses and projects approaches to the prevention of sexual child abuse based on these hypotheses. The hypotheses are that a large proportion of males who

Carolyn Swift

1979-01-01

476

Toward effective community-based interventions in child abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that traditional individual and family-oriented clinical and educational approaches to treating child-abusing parents seem to have limited effectiveness. Within an ecological framework, causal factors bearing on the problem of child abuse can be amenable to community intervention through the use of such concepts as natural support systems and community development activities. An example of community development intervention is described,

Philip A. Mann; Michael Lauderdale; Ira Iscoe

1983-01-01

477

Child labor and schooling in Africa : a comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the determinants of child labor in Africa as inferred from recent empirical studies. The empirical analysis is based upon three country studies undertaken in three different African countries, namely Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Zambia. Some support is found for the popular belief of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance.

Sudharshan Canagarajah; Helena Skyt Nielsen

1999-01-01

478

Child Care Programs: Fiscal Year 1996 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assistance with paying for the cost of child care often makes the critical difference in whether or not a parent can work to support the family. This annual report provides information on child care assistance programs in Alaska. The 1996 Fiscal Year (FY) funding is presented for four programs providing a portion of low to moderate income…

Alaska State Dept. of Community and Regional Affairs, Juneau.

479

The Economic Impact of Vermont's Child Care Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report documents the relationship between the supply of reliable, affordable, accessible child care and the health of Vermont's economy. The child care industry is a growing part of the Vermont economy, pumping money into local communities by supporting working families, creating jobs, and generating taxes through employment and the purchase…

2002

480

Child labour in Latin America: theory, policy, practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the theory, policy and practice of child labour in Latin America. Interventions to reduce child labour are more likely to be successful if they are locally-driven, supported by legislation and based on theoretical understandings of childhood that reflect the realities and needs of the children, families and communities whose lives

Jennie Gamlin; Maria Eugenia Pastor

2009-01-01

481

Maternal and Child Health, FY 1983. Special Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Providing several examples of current research efforts, this report describes the research on maternal and child health supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The Institute conducts a coordinated program of research and research training to advance knowledge related to pregnancy and maternal health,…

National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

482

A Program Showcase: UNH Child Study and Development Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the Child Study and Development Center (CSDC), which serves as a child development laboratory for the University of New Hampshire: a place to educate students, support research, and serve the university and local communities. The center has seven classrooms with observation booths, 122 children aged 6 weeks to 6 years in…

Kalinowski, Michael

2008-01-01

483

The need for child maltreatment research and program evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge base supporting child abuse treatment and prevention rests upon clinical experience and applied research. An analysis of program funding in the United States indicates that unevaluated clinical programs are funded rather than research or program evaluation projects. Grant funding patterns for the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect were analyzed for 4 years. Overall, 66% of projects

Raymond H. Starr

1990-01-01

484

Public Attitudes and Behaviors With Respect to Child Abuse Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines public attitudes toward specific parental discipline practices, the incidence of specific parental practices, the public's support for and involvement in child abuse prevention efforts, and the public's perceptions of the causes of child maltreatment. Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 1,250 adults each year between 1987 and 1992. The majority of the public view

DEBORAH DARO; RICHARD J. GELLES

1992-01-01

485

Child-Centered Play Therapy in Management of Somatoform Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Child-centered play therapy is a well recognized and research-supported form of child psychotherapy. Methods: Fifteen children in the age range of 5-11 years (eight girls and seven boys) with somatoform disorder were administered 25 sessions of non directive play therapy. Parents received 3 reflective counseling sessions. Children…

Dutta, Renuka; Mehta, Manju

2006-01-01

486

National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect acquires, preserves and disseminates high quality datasets relevant to the study of child abuse and neglect. The Archive facilitates secondary analysis by distributing data in ready-to-use formats for microcomputers and mainframes, providing technical support to data users, and sponsoring training programs for researchers.

1995-01-01

487

Child:Staff Ratios and Group Size Requirements in Child Care Licensing: A Comparison of 1989 and 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child care licensing is a consumer protection responsibility of each state. Each licensing standard establishes a right that children and parents in private early care and education programs have in that state. Because each state sets its licensing standards at a level its citizens agree to support, child care differs dramatically among states.…

Wheelock Coll., Boston, MA. Center for Career Development in Early Care and Education.

488

Order Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Change orders. The words can turn the stomachs of administrators. Horror stories about change orders create fear and distrust among school officials, designers and builders. Can change orders be avoided? If car manufacturers can produce millions of intricately designed vehicles, why can't the same quality control be achieved on a construction…

Gibeault, Michael

2005-01-01

489

Fatal child neglect.  

PubMed

Child neglect results from either acts of omission or of commission. Fatalities from neglect account for 30% to 40% of deaths caused by child maltreatment. Deaths may occur from failure to provide the basic needs of infancy such as food or medical care. Medical care may also be withheld because of parental religious beliefs. Inadequate supervision may contribute to a child's injury or death through adverse events involving drowning, fires, and firearms. Recognizing the factors contributing to a child's death is facilitated by the action of multidisciplinary child death review teams. As with other forms of child maltreatment, prevention and early intervention strategies are needed to minimize the risk of injury and death to children. PMID:11480762

Berkowitz, C D

2001-01-01

490

Maternal attributions and child abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

30 mothers with a prior history of child abuse, child neglect, or with no known previous history of child maltreatment responded to a standardized sequence of photographic stimuli of their own child and another child. These photographs depicted children in 6 interpersonal situations in which children transgressed or were transgressed upon, toys were broken, walls were crayoned, and skill and

Deborah T. Larrance; Craig T. Twentyman

1983-01-01

491

Child Care Project. Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care Coalition has been monitoring the number of high-quality, safe, accessible, and affordable child care spaces in Pasadena, California, since 1989. In addition, the Coalition has worked to expand the availability of child care through such programs as the Northwest Child Care Trust Fund Loan Program, which offers loans to child care…

Broussard, Anne M.

492

Early Child Care in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph focuses on aspects of early child care in India. Conceptions of child care and child rearing, socialization processes, types of child care programs available, and research relating to the young child are among the major topics of discussion. (CM)|

Khalakdina, Margaret

1979-01-01

493

Early Mother-Child Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

d'Agostino, Micheline

1986-01-01

494

Arguments for an Equal Parental Responsibility Presumption in Contested Child Custody  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixteen arguments in support of an equal parental responsibility presumption in contested child custody are presented from a child-focused perspective, and clinical and empirical evidence in support of each argument is contrasted to the conflicting evidence. These arguments are made in support of the model equal parental responsibility presumption outlined in Volume 39, Number 5, of The American Journal of

Edward Kruk

2012-01-01

495

Sexual coping, general coping and cognitive distortions in incarcerated rapists and child molesters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual coping, general coping and cognitive distortions were investigated in 25 rapists, 36 child molesters and 25 violent offenders. Rapists did not report more support for rape-supportive distortions than the violent offender comparison group. Child molesters scored higher than the other groups on the measure of molestation-supportive distortions, although mean scores were at the low end of the scale. Consistent

Steven Feelgood; Franca Cortoni; Anthony Thompson

2005-01-01

496

Sex reversal in a child with a 46,X,Yp+ karyotype: support for the existence of a gene(s), located in distal Xp, involved in testis formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a sex reversed Japanese child with a 46,X,Yp+ karyotype, minor dysmorphic features, and no testicular development. The Yp+ chromosome was derived by translocation of an Xp fragment (Xp21-Xp22.3) to Yp11.3. This has resulted in deletion of distal part of the Y chromosome pseudoautosomal region (DXYS15-telomere) and duplication of the X specific region (DXS84-PABX) and proximal part of

T Ogata; J R Hawkins; A Taylor; N Matsuo; J Hata; P N Goodfellow

1992-01-01

497

Child Care Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Child Care Challenges_, a recent report published by the Child Care and Development Division of the Children's Defense Fund, is a state-by-state analysis of the latest data "on [annual] child care costs, and supply and affordability problems facing America's low-income working families." The report is divided into 50 chapters, one for each state. Each chapter summarizes state-level data, describes the problems surrounding the availability of affordable, high-quality child care, and highlights the need for "increased state and federal investments, and greater involvement from other sectors." Chapters are between fifteen and twenty pages and are presented in .pdf format only.

1998-01-01

498

Child Care Issues To Consider in the Development of Employment and Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy generally recognizes two basic facts about the importance of child care: child care assistance is essential if low-income mothers are to move toward self-sufficiency; and high quality supportive child care can help to provide children, and low-income children in particular, with the foundation they need to do well in school and…

Wilkins, Amy; Blank, Helen

499

Use and Feasibility of Telemedicine Technology in the Dissemination of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief report discusses the use and feasibility of telemedicine technology in the dissemination of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). PCIT is an empirically supported behavioral parent training program for reducing disruptive behavior in young children and for reducing future rates of child physical abuse. The positive impact PCIT has demonstrated in reducing child maltreatment has galvanized interest in widespread dissemination

Beverly W. Funderburk; Lisa M. Ware; Elizabeth Altshuler; Mark Chaffin

2008-01-01

500

The Use of the Establishing Operation in Parent-Child Interaction Therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent-child interaction therapies such as PCIT are empirically supported interventions for children with disruptive behavior disorders. Although demonstrated as effective, the mechanisms responsible for change have not been fully described. Although the success of many parent-child interaction therapies has been explained using behavioral principles, other explanations such as improving the attachment between the parent and the child have also been

M. Alice Shillingsburg

2005-01-01