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1

Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

Roff, Jennifer

2010-01-01

2

Testing the Suitability of Mediation of Child Support Orders in Title IV-D Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to test mediation versus a traditional court process for the establishment or modification of child support orders. The intention is to determine which dispute resolution process is associated with greater client satisfaction and compliance. An auxiliary objective is to test the type of cases which are most…

Schraufnagel, Scot; Li, Quan

2010-01-01

3

75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...0970-AC-37 Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration...

2010-07-02

4

Child Support Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2002-01-01

5

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

6

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

7

Withholding Child Support Obligations from Departmental Employees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to evaluate the wage witholding of child support from Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) employees. On February 27, 1995, the President signed Executive Order 12953, which requires Federal agencies to: (1) condu...

2001-01-01

8

Child Support: Need to Improve Efforts to Identify Fathers and Obtain Support Orders. Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Accounting Office (GAO) conducted this review to learn about the potential impact of recent legislative amendments to the Child Support Enforcement Program and to determine (1) whether data compiled on program activities are sufficient and reliable for program oversight; and (2) whether efforts to determine paternity and obtain…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

9

Supporting your child with weight loss  

MedlinePLUS

... Your child’s doctor can set healthy goals for weight-loss and help with monitoring and support. Getting support ... to get the whole family to join a weight-loss plan, even if weight loss is not the ...

10

For Your Child's Sake...Establish Paternity [and] Collect Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These brochures explain briefly the importance of establishing paternity for unwed mothers. By establishing paternity and enforcing child support orders, fathers can be required to help raise their child legally and financially. The brochures consist of two separate sheets. "For Your Child's Sake...Establish Paternity" presents several questions…

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.

11

Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

2010-01-01

12

Teenage Paternity, Child Support, and Crime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between teenage premarital paternity, child support enforcement, and delinquency. The non-random data were gathered from the Marian County, Indiana District Attorney's Office and Juvenile Court. Suggests that the early establishment of paternity should be pursued and that child support enforcement strategies should…

Pirog-Good, Maureen A.

1988-01-01

13

The Strange Politics of Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that instead of putting children at risk through more costly and politically problematic child support enforcement strategies, policymakers should reinforce rather than undermine the social ideal of marriage. Discusses the logic of shotgun weddings, the results of no-fault divorces, punishment of innocent fathers by harsh child support

Christensen, Bryce

2001-01-01

14

Child Support and Young Children's Development  

PubMed Central

This study examines the effects of nonresident fathers’ provision of formal and informal cash child support on children's cognitive skills and behavior at 5 years of age. Taking advantage of the panel structure of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we control for child outcomes at age 3 and a rich set of child and family sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. We find that fathers’ provision of informal cash support (but not formal support), particularly at or above the median, is associated with higher cognitive scores. We also find that provision of formal child support is associated with worse withdrawn and aggressive behaviors. We discuss potential explanations and implications of these results for policy and future research.

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Magnuson, Katherine; Berger, Lawrence M.

2012-01-01

15

76 FR 67104 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties...on the proposed revisions to the child labor regulations published on...

2011-10-31

16

Supervised, Supported and Indirect Contact Orders: Research Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child contact with non-resident parents has become a key issue in family law and policy. Within the substantial and growing body of research into how legal systems deal with child contact disputes, there is little empirical data on the use courts make of orders for supervised, supported or indirect contact. This article presents empirical research findings focusing on the use

Alison Perry; Bernadette Rainey

2007-01-01

17

Employer-Supported Child Care in Ontario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six case studies describing current employer-supported child care services in Ontario are presented. The studies describe the PLADEC Day Care Center of the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital, the day care center at the Chedoke-McMaster Hospitals in Hamilton, the Early Learning Centre at Durham College in Oshawa, the Hydrokids day care center at the…

Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.

18

The Child Support Program: An Investment That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child support program enforces the responsibility of parents to support their children when they live apart. The child support program is jointly funded by federal and state governments under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The program collects child support for families, establishes the legal relationship between children and their…

Turetsky, Vicki

2005-01-01

19

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

20

45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages. 303.106 Section 303.106 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

21

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Nonmarital Childbearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2007-01-01

22

Child Support Obligations and Low-Income Fathers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1994-1998 waves of the Current Population Survey--Child Support Supplement (N = 5,387), the aims of this study are to document child support obligation rates of nonresident fathers, to examine the effect of the obligation rate on child support compliance, and to calculate the trade-off between fathers' financial responsibility and…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Mincy, Ronald B.; Garfinkel, Irwin

2005-01-01

23

Family Size, Birth Order, Socioeconomic Status, Ethnicity, Parent-Child Relationship, and Preschool Children's Intellectual Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the intellectual development of 74 preschool children for contributions of family size, birth order, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and parent-child relationships. Found that socioeconomic status and warmth of the father-child relationship made significant, positive contributions to children's intellectual development. Found support for…

Liang, Shu; Sugawara, Alan I.

1996-01-01

24

The Consequences of Child Support Policy for Family Financial Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the impact of child support policy on the financial well-being of one family experiencing divorce in Minnesota. Data were collected from a court record of a 1999 marital dissolution with joint legal and physical custody and a child support order that deviated from state guidelines. The analysis compared the needs-adjusted income the parties had while in the

Kathryn D. Rettig; Sarah C. Waiters

2006-01-01

25

Birth order, sex of child, and maternal help-giving  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a larger study of birth order, sex of child, and mother—child interaction, mothers were asked to supervise their child's performance on memory and puzzle tasks. Subjects were 56 5-year-old boys and girls and their mothers, half with a same-sex older sibling, half with a same-sex younger sibling. Mothers showed no differences in spontaneous help-giving as a function

Mary K. Rothbart; Myron Rothbart

1976-01-01

26

Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that a first-born child receives 20-30 more minutes of quality time each day with his or her parent than a second-born child of the same age from a similar family. The birth-order difference results from parents giving roughly equal time to each child at any point in time while the amount of…

Price, Joseph

2008-01-01

27

Infant temperament and child-rearing stress: birth order influences.  

PubMed

The relationship between an infant's temperamental difficulty and the mother's child-rearing stress was investigated in a sample of 128 children. Children's temperament was assessed by the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire (RITQ) at 6-7 months, and by the Toddler Temperament Scale (TTS) at 18 months. The mothers' child-rearing stress was assessed by a self-report questionnaire. At the children's age of 18 months, mothers of difficult children reported higher child-rearing stress than mothers of easy children. Although difference in the level of child-rearing stress reflecting birth order was not evident at either 6-7 months or 18 months, the proportion of child-rearing stress which could be explained by the children's temperament was highest for mothers of first-borns when their children were 18 months old. PMID:9605465

Honjo, S; Mizuno, R; Ajiki, M; Suzuki, A; Nagata, M; Goto, Y; Nishide, T

1998-05-29

28

Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

2004-01-01

29

Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2004-01-01

30

Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

2007-01-01

31

Child Care and Other Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

32

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

2006-01-01

33

Effects of Stress and Social Supports on Mother-Child Interactions in Single and Two-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight mother-child pairs -- 14 single parent mothers and their preschool children and a matched group of married women and their children -- were observed in order to investigate four questions concerning potential differences in the mother-child interactions, life circumstances, and social supports. These questions are (1) Do mother-child

Weinraub, Marsha; Wolf, Barbara M.

34

Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.  

PubMed

This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2010-01-01

35

Supportive Care of A Critically Ill Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of pediatric intensive care is early identification, severity assessment and resuscitation of critical patients by\\u000a utilizing standardized protocols. The primary or precipitating disorder should be the focus of attention and specific intervention.\\u000a But in order to provide holistic care to a patient, due attention should also be rendered to supportive care. Monitoring of\\u000a sick children in PICU is

Sunil Saharan; Rakesh Lodha; Sushil K. Kabra

2011-01-01

36

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2010-01-01

37

5 CFR 838.1111 - Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement orders...BENEFITS Court Orders Under the Child Abuse Accountability Act Availability...838.1111 Amounts subject to child abuse judgment enforcement...

2009-01-01

38

Relationships between Maternal Adult Attachment Security, Child Perceptions of Maternal Support, and Maternal Perceptions of Child Responses to Sexual Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study assessed the relationships between maternal adult attachment style, children's perceptions of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, and maternal perceptions of children's behavioral and emotional responses to sexual abuse. Findings indicate that fostering parent-child attachment is important in order to decrease the risk for…

Leifer, Myra; Kilbane, Teresa; Skolnick, Linda I.

2002-01-01

39

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of college. It was hypothesized that child maltreatment would predict poorer

Elise N. Pepin; Victoria L. Banyard

2006-01-01

40

Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families: A Model Child Abuse Prevention Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about a model child abuse prevention approach called, "Supporting Teachers, Strengthening Families." It is NAEYC's professional development initiative to help early childhood educators play leading roles in preventing child abuse and neglect through family strengthening efforts. It focuses on six strategies that high-quality…

Olson, Maril

2007-01-01

41

Child Support, Father-Child Contact, and Preteens' Involvement with Nonresidential Fathers: Racial/Ethnic Differences.  

PubMed

This study examined how child support, frequency of contact with children, and the relationship between nonresidential parents influenced preteens' reports of the involvement of fathers and mothers in their life. Data are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) that has followed the children of NLSY mothers from birth into their twenties. Results showed that increases in child support and in contact with the child over time after separation are linked to a better coparental relationship when children are age 11 or 12. This better relationship between parents is, in turn, associated with greater involvement of both mothers and nonresidential fathers with their children. PMID:20357896

Hofferth, Sandra L; Forry, Nicole D; Peters, H Elizabeth

2010-03-01

42

Birth Order, Child Labor, and School Attendance in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of birth order on the child labor incidence and school attendance of Brazilian children. Evidence from the psychology and sociology literature suggests that earlier-born children tend to have higher innate abilities. The economic implications of these findings are that earlier-born children may have more intra-household resources directed to them when they are young, and better

André Portela Souza

2008-01-01

43

Explaining trends in child support: economic, demographic, and policy effects.  

PubMed

We use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine trends in the receipt of child support (and the determinants of trends) between 1968 and 1997. The findings suggest that political, demographic, and economic forces all exerted downward pressure on child-support payments during this 30-year period, with inflation, the shift to unilateral divorce, and declines in fertility and men's earnings being more important during the earlier years and decreases in men's earnings being more important during the later years. These negative forces were offset by the passage of new child-support legislation in the 1980s and 1990s, including numeric guidelines, universal withholding, and genetic testing. PMID:12647519

Case, Anne C; Lin, I-Fen; McLanahan, Sara S

2003-02-01

44

Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

2006-01-01

45

Psychological and Support Characteristics of Parents of Child Sexual Abuse Victims: Relationship with Child Functioning and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child sexual abuse continues to be a prevalent and complex problem in today’s society as it poses serious and pervasive mental health risks to child victims and their non-offending parents. The main objectives of this study were (a) to elucidate the psychological symptoms and support needs of parents of child sexual abuse victims as they present to group treatment, (b)

Poonam Tavkar

2010-01-01

46

Review of Undistributable Child Support Collections in Georgia from October 1, 1998, Through December 31, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Support Enforcement program is a Federal, State, and local partnership established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act to collect child support payments from noncustodial parents for distribution to custodial parents. Within the ...

D. R. Levinson

2007-01-01

47

Interstate Child Support: Case Data Limitations, Enforcement Problems, Views on Improvements Needed. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on interstate child support cases focuses on child support enforcement problems that occur when absent parents live in states other than those in which their children reside. Findings indicate that Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) and state caseload and collection data are of questionable reliability and provide limited…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

48

Improving Support Services for Family Child Care through Relationship-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family child care (FCC) providers often experience isolation from other early childhood and child care professionals. Yet, research suggests that providers who network with other providers, engage with community resources, and belong to support groups tend to offer higher quality child care. For example, the Family Child Care Network Impact Study…

Bromer, Juliet; Bibbs, Tonya

2011-01-01

49

Direct and indirect effects of birth order on personality and identity: support for the null hypothesis.  

PubMed

The authors proposed that birth order affects psychosocial outcomes through differential investment from parent to child and differences in the degree of identification from child to parent. The authors conducted this study to test these 2 models. Despite the use of statistical and methodological procedures to increase sensitivity and reduce error, the authors did not find support for the models. They discuss results in the context of the mixed-research findings regarding birth order and suggest further research on the proposed developmental dynamics that may produce birth-order effects. PMID:19492732

Dunkel, Curtis S; Harbke, Colin R; Papini, Dennis R

2009-06-01

50

Child Support Enforcement Policy and Unmarried Fathers' Employment in the Underground and Regular Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some scholars have suggested that a negative consequence of strengthening child support enforcement is to encourage fathers to shift from regular sector to underground employment. We employ data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to investigate the relationship between the strength of child support enforcement (CSE) and levels of…

Rich, Lauren M.; Garfinkel, Irwin; Gao, Qin

2007-01-01

51

More than a work support? Issues around integrating child development goals into the child care subsidy system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, policymakers have become increasingly concerned about the development of low-income children, as well as about helping low-income parents work. Yet, all too often, child development and parental work goals are seen as separate. As a result, key parental work support services that affect children (such as child care subsidies) have not had a sustained focus on

Gina Adams; Monica Rohacek

2006-01-01

52

Transitional Child Care: State Experiences and Emerging Policies under the Family Support Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to provide information about transitional child care (TCC) program policies and operations and to offer recommendations to policymakers and advocates. Transitional child care is a new federal child care program that every state must implement by April 1, 1990. Established by the Family Support Act (FSA) of 1988, TCC is…

Ebb, Nancy; And Others

53

Employer Support for Child Care on the Rise. Status Report #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 90s, employer-supported child care has experienced the most growth in the child care arena. This article highlights the top child care organizations, including Bright Horizons, CorporateFamily Solutions, Children's Discovery Centers, and others. Employers providing care include private companies, government agencies, hospitals, and…

Neugebauer, Roger

1998-01-01

54

Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

2006-01-01

55

The racial foundations of whites' support for child saving.  

PubMed

Scholars emphasize that attitudes toward rehabilitation and views about punitive polices are distinct phenomena with seemingly unique etiologies. However, few existing studies examine the sources of public views about juvenile rehabilitation, or "child saving," and none engage a measure of racial attitudes. At the same time, recent theoretical work implicates racial concerns as a central foundation of public opinion about youth justice. This paper thus provides the first assessment of whether whites' perceptions of the racial makeup of delinquents and animosities toward blacks are associated with their views about juvenile rehabilitation. Findings show that whites who more strongly associate delinquency with blacks and those who are racially resentful both tend to be less supportive-in absolute and relative terms-of rehabilitation. The results also suggest that contextual threat moderates the effect of racial typification of delinquency, but not that of racial resentment, on whites' views about rehabilitation. PMID:24468433

Pickett, Justin T; Chiricos, Ted; Gertz, Marc

2014-03-01

56

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pay $150 per month for this child. The soldier presently is married to a spouse...quarters with one of their children. The soldier's spouse deserted the soldier...private housing with their other child. The soldier's spouse earns...

2009-07-01

57

32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pay $150 per month for this child. The soldier presently is married to a spouse...quarters with one of their children. The soldier's spouse deserted the soldier...private housing with their other child. The soldier's spouse earns...

2010-07-01

58

76 FR 54835 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...effects of pesticides on children, as opposed to the...studies that suggest children exposed to pesticides may suffer chronic problems relating...protection against other chronic hazards of pesticides...Department notes that Child Labor Regulation...

2011-09-02

59

Teacher support as a buffer between interparental conflict and child social skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child?raising issues on the social skills of middle?class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The prediction that teacher support buffers the association between

Solveig Spjeldnes; Gary Koeske; Esther Sales

2010-01-01

60

Family Support Program Quality and Parent, Family and Child Benefits. Winterberry Press Monograph Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that adoption of, adherence to, and use of family support principles is associated with better parent, family, and child outcomes has for the most part gone untested but not unchallenged. This monograph investigates the relationship between practitioner adherence to family support principles and parent, family, and child behavior and…

Dunst, Carl J.; Trivette, Carol M.; Hamby, Deborah W.

2006-01-01

61

Using Pattern Matching and Modified Analytic Induction in Examining Justice Principles in Child Support Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the design of a study using pro- cedures of modified analytic induction to investigate how courtroom procedures followed or did not follow child support guidelines. Using concepts from principles of procedural fairness and distribu- tive justice, the research team coded transcripts of public hearings on child support guidelines. This paper reports on work in progress and

Kathryn D. Rettig; Vicky Chiu-Wan Tam; Beth Maddock Magistad

1997-01-01

62

Childhood Physical Abuse, Childhood Social Support, and Adult Child Abuse Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of social support in the discrimination of physical child abusers and nonabusers, both with a childhood history of physical child abuse. In contrast to expectations, none of the social support factors distinguished between the abusers and nonabusers. (JPS)

Caliso, John A.; Milner, Joel S.

1994-01-01

63

Navigating the Child Support System: Lessons from the Fathers at Work Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that nearly half of all children born in the US today will be eligible for child support before they reach the age of 18. Many low-income, noncustodial fathers--who often struggle to make these payments--will seek services from workforce development organizations. Yet, understanding the child support enforcement system can be…

Wyckoff, Laura; McVay, Mary; Wallace, Dee

2009-01-01

64

Supporting child welfare supervisors to improve worker retention.  

PubMed

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a Midwestern state. Unique to this collaborative effort was involving all child welfare supervisors in identifying needed content components, developing competencies, and conducting self-assessments. PMID:17533775

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

65

Supporting Child Welfare Supervisors to Improve Worker Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent child welfare research has identified supervisors as key to retaining qualified and committed workers. This paper describes implementation of a federally funded child welfare training initiative designed to improve worker retention largely through developing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide supervisor training program in a…

Landsman, Miriam

2007-01-01

66

Parenting a Child with a Disability: The Role of Social Support for African American Parents  

PubMed Central

This paper examines: (1) the impact of having a child with a disability on parents’ mental and physical health among urban-dwelling African Americans and (2) the extent to which positive and negative social interactions with family other than the spouse moderate the impact of child’s disability on parental adaptation. Analyses are based on a probability sample of African Americans living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The analytic sample includes 48 parents of a child with a disability and 144 comparison group parents of non-disabled children. Results showed that having a child with a disability is associated with more somatic symptoms. However, the negative consequences of the child’s disability on parents’ mental health are reduced when parents receive greater positive support from family.

Ha, Jung-Hwa; Greenberg, Jan S.; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick

2012-01-01

67

Preparing parents to help support their child post-amputation for bone cancer.  

PubMed

Amputation for paediatric bone cancer is cosmetically and emotionally disturbing. At the Stollery Children's Hospital, in Edmonton, Alberta, families are taken to see their child following amputation but before their child's anaesthetic has been reversed. Through a retrospective study we found that families found this step to be valuable in helping them prepare to support and care for their child post-amputation. PMID:24620505

Jaraway, Debbie; Perry, Shirley; Phillips, Marjorie; Ziegler, Peggy; Wolgemuth, Amy; Scott, Shannon D

2013-12-01

68

Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

2008-01-01

69

Birth order and mother-child interaction in an achievement situation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated hypotheses about birth order and the antecedents of adult achievement by observing mother-child interactions in a laboratory setting. Ss were 56 5-yr-old boys and girls and their mothers; 1\\/2 of the children had a same-sex sibling who was approximately 2 yr. older than himself. and 1\\/2 had a same-sex sibling, 2 yr. younger. Mothers supervised their child's performance on

Mary K. Rothbart

1971-01-01

70

The Effect of a Child's Sex on Support for Traditional Gender Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine whether sex of child affects parents' beliefs about traditional gender roles. Using an improved methodological approach that explicitly analyzes the natural experiment via differences in differences, we find that having a daughter (vs. having a son) causes men to reduce their support for traditional gender roles, but a female child has…

Shafer, Emily Fitzgibbons; Malhotra, Neil

2011-01-01

71

The Effect of Employer-Supported Child Care in Three Canadian Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this year-long study was to evaluate the effects of the Edmonton Hospital Workers' Child Care Society programs in three Canadian hospitals on the employers, the employees, and the children served. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of employer-supported child care on (1) employee absenteeism; (2) tardiness;…

Mayfield, Margie I.

72

Designing toys with automatic play characterization for supporting the assessment of a child's development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of the Child'sPlay system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording, recognition, and quantification of a child's object play behaviors for retrospective analysis. Our prototype system consists of six varieties of toys augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform which uses statistical pattern recognition techniques to automatically

Tracy L. Westeyn; Julie A. Kientz; Thad E. Starner

2008-01-01

73

The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

2009-01-01

74

Non-Licensed Forms of Child Care in Homes: Issues and Recommendations for State Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the increased interest of states in exploring how they can provide supports to informal child-care providers to improve the quality of care and education that children receive, this report discusses quality initiatives, licensing issues, training, and monitoring of various forms of non-licensed family child care. The types of care…

Morgan, Gwen; Elliott, Kim; Beaudette, Christine; Azer, Sheri

75

Parent-Reported Social Support for Child's Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Validity of Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: School and home. Participants: Two hundred three parents with at least 1 elementary school-aged child. Main Outcome Measure: Parents completed a questionnaire that…

Dave, Jayna M.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Condrasky, Marge D.; Williams, Joel E.

2012-01-01

76

Effects of home-based, informal social support on child health.  

PubMed

To enhance mother-infant interaction, paraprofessional home visitors provided parents with emotional support, information, and help in using community resources during pregnancy and throughout the infants' first 14 months. This study reports effects on child health. Both home-visited women and controls made good use of well-child care. Home-visited women made greater use of sick-child care (p = 0.002), most of which was appropriate. The greater use of sick-child care was concentrated among mothers with moderate or high family stress, with whom home visitors had closer relationships. Case histories showed a variety of individual effects on parents. PMID:2708538

Dawson, P; van Doorninck, W J; Robinson, J L

1989-04-01

77

Birth order, sex of child, and perceptions of parental favoritism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have examined factors that influence discriminative parental solicitude. Sex, birth order, and age of the mother are a few factors demonstrated to influence levels of parental investment (especially as measured by offspring self-report). One indicator of a high level of parental investment is being a parental favorite. Using self-reports from a sample of several hundred young adults, we

Catherine A. Salmon; Todd K. Shackelford; Richard L. Michalski

78

Comprehension of Three Word Orders in Kuwaiti Arabic Child Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present project is a case study of 68 Kuwaiti children (aged between 4 and 8) who acted out their interpretation of verbal stimuli involving three word orders in Kuwaiti Arabic Subject Verb Object (SVO), Verb Subject Object (VSO) and Topic-Comment (T-C) by using a set of props. The purpose is to investigate the way Kuwaiti children comprehend…

Aljenaie, Khawla; Farghal, Mohammad

2009-01-01

79

Child support and the postdivorce economic well-being of mothers, fathers, and children.  

PubMed

This article provides national estimates of the current and potential impact of private child support transfers on the economic well-being of custodial and noncustodial families following marital dissolution. Mothers and children fare dramatically worse than fathers after marital dissolution; these differences, however, would be much more pronounced in the absence of private child support. Simulations of four existing child support guidelines show that substantial increases in economic well-being among mother-custody families are possible within the structure of the existing child support system, with minimal impact on poverty among nonresident fathers. Under all of these guidelines, however, custodial-mother families would continue to fare substantially worse than nonresident fathers. PMID:10836178

Bartfeld, J

2000-05-01

80

Adult Basic Education. Child Care, Transportation, Support Services Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook focuses on two primary needs of adult basic education (ABE) students--child care and transportation--and provides ideas to assist program administrators (especially in Texas) to develop appropriate, workable, community-based strategies to meet these needs. The book contains five chapters. Each chapter addresses a particular aspect of…

Porter, Deborah; Morris, Jamie, Ed.

81

Identifying and Developing Empirically Supported Child and Adolescent Treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child and adolescent therapy outcome research findings attest to the efficacy of a variety of treatments. This article illustrates promising treatments for selected internalizing (anxiety and depression), externalizing (oppositional, and antisocial behavior), and other (obesity and autism) conditions, and for other aims (preparation for medical and dental procedures). Studies in these areas illustrate worthwhile characteristics that can help inform the

Alan E. Kazdin; John R. Weisz

1998-01-01

82

Assembling Webs of Support: Child Domestic Workers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses ethnographic and qualitative interview data with Muslim child domestic workers, their families and employers to investigate the social ties between young workers and their employers. Our analysis shows that working-class families use children's domestic work with middle-class families as part of a web of resources to protect them…

Wasiuzzaman, Shaziah; Wells, Karen

2010-01-01

83

Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers: A Child Advocate's Guide to Helping Them Contribute to the Support of Their Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The correlation between a noncustodial father and child poverty suggests that father involvement and support are critical pieces of the puzzle for reducing child poverty. Regular child support provides an income supplement to families leaving welfare and can prevent families' initial descent into poverty. This issue brief is intended to introduce…

Feeley, Theresa J.

84

Evaluation of an online peer support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor.  

PubMed

This study explored impacts of an online support network for fathers of a child with a brain tumor. Evaluation comprised pre/post-intervention questionnaires, content analysis of online network postings, and post-intervention qualitative interviews. Findings suggest that this intervention was beneficial to fathers. Positive effects on paternal coping were demonstrated, as were opportunities to grapple with difficult issues related to having a child with a brain tumor. Fathers recommended a combined resource of online and face-to-support, including the development of a support network with a larger participant base. Implications for practice are examined. PMID:22443403

Nicholas, David B; Chahauver, Anu; Brownstone, David; Hetherington, Ross; McNeill, Ted; Bouffet, Eric

2012-01-01

85

An Intergenerational Support System for Child Welfare Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program developed by the Children's Aid Society of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, called Intergenerational Support System (ISS), in which senior volunteers serve as support persons for problem families. (SAK)

Harnett, Joan

1989-01-01

86

The Central Registry/Clearinghouse: A Tool for Improving the Child Support Enforcement Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential uses of a central registry/clearinghouse approach in the Child Support Enforcement Program (CSEP) are described in this publication. The CSEP was established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act in an effort to reduce federal monies spent supporting dependent children not receiving financial assistance from absent parents.…

Cooper, Dennis C.; And Others

87

To What Extent Do Children Benefit from Child Support? Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which children enjoy regular contact and financial support from their noncustodial parents. It also looks at the extent to which children who have a parent living elsewhere and their custodians are financially dependent on child support. Data are from the National Survey of America's Families. In this survey, data…

Sorenson, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

88

Child Care under the Family Support Act: Early Lessons from the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Children's Defense Fund (CDF) survey indicates that many AFDC families are being forced to place their children in low-quality and potentially dangerous child care. Family Support Act (FSA) childcare typically lacks basic health and safety and precautions, fails to provide sufficient assistance to support quality childcare and preschool…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

89

Effect of Position and Support on Oral-Motor Skills of a Child with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of position (upright vs reclining) and support (held vs chair) on the development and maintenance of feeding behavior were examined in a child with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and gastroesophageal reflux. A reclining position initially facilitated acceptance and swallowing with relatively rapid generalization to an upright position. Oral-motor skills did not differ across levels of support. Practice of emerging motor

MaryLouise E. Kerwin; Mary Osborne; Peggy S. Eicher

1994-01-01

90

Public Support for Early Intervention: Is Child Saving a “Habit of the Heart”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite portrayals of Americans as exceptionally punitive and as favoring “get tough” solutions to offending, a wealth of survey research shows that the public also supports a social welfare, rehabilitative approach to crime control. Opinion polls reveal that citizens are particularly supportive of efforts to intervene with at-risk children and youths—so much so that belief in child saving can be

Francis T. Cullen; Brenda A. Vose; Cheryl N. Lero Jonson; James D. Unnever

2007-01-01

91

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2012-01-01

92

Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 1999. Consumer Income. Current Population Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents data on single parent families, focusing on the child support income that custodial parents reported receiving during the calendar year prior to the survey as well as other support provided, such as health insurance and non-cash suppo...

2002-01-01

93

Preliminary Assessment of the Associations between State Child Support Enforcement Performance and Financing Structure. Working Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, established in 1975 under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, is to ensure that children are supported financially by both parents. The CSE program is a shared undertaking involving feder...

M. E. Fishman, J. Tapogna, K. Dybdal, S. Laud

2000-01-01

94

Keeping Your Child at Home: The Case for Family Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history, philosophy, and importance of family support programs to enhance caregiving capacities of families with disabled children are recounted. Information from a survey of state family support programs is summarized, and successful aspects of Michigan's support subsidy are described. (CL)

Bradley, Valerie J.; Agosta, John M.

1985-01-01

95

[Progress of the laboratory supporting system of the ordering system].  

PubMed

University hospitals and large public hospitals introduced a first-generation ordering system, which mainly involved an integrated system developed by each institution. This type of system considerably improved the efficiency of hospital jobs, but clinically increased the burden of data-input handling of hospital staffs because the software used was unique to the respective unit. Later, the development of both network technology and package software for the ordering system allowed construction of an easy, low-cost and high-performance ordering system. Most of the recent ordering systems are a type of distributed system which is referred to as a client-server system. In this system the terminal was replaced by personal computer loaded with widely distributed Windows OS, resulting in better performance of multi-tasks. In February 1998, our hospital information system was changed from an intensive host-type to a client-server system, in which the laboratory ordering system was also reconstructed. The laboratory ordering system mainly utilizes EG Main for Windows, package software by Fujitsu Co. Ltd., and has reduced the handling of laboratory ordering jobs with Graphical User Interface and better construction of screen images. In addition to extra-laboratory tests, ordering into this system allowed the database of all the laboratory tests ordered in our hospital to be unified. The previous laboratory ordering system supported laboratory data, especially those of laboratory tests and samples conducted within the last 10 years, and the new system will also provide this function. The new laboratory ordering system is further expected to support reference image-data from physiological tests as well as to allow consultation concerning laboratory test data. These clinical job-supporting systems will likely lead to further progress of the total laboratory system. PMID:10518416

Okada, K; Seno, T; Harada, H

1999-09-01

96

Viewpoint: controversies surrounding use of order sets for clinical decision support in computerized provider order entry.  

PubMed

Order sets provide straightforward clinical decision support within computerized provider order entry systems. They make "the right thing" easier to do because they are much faster than writing single orders; they deliver real-time, evidence-based prompts; they are easy to update; and they support coverage of multiple patient problems through linkages among order sets. This viewpoint paper discusses controversies surrounding use of order sets--advantages and pitfalls, decision-making criteria, and organizational considerations, including suggestions for vendors. Order sets have the potential to improve clinician efficiency, provide real-time guidance, facilitate compliance with Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services performance measure sets, and encourage overall acceptance of computerized provider order entry, but may not do so unless these controversies are addressed. PMID:17068352

Bobb, Anne M; Payne, Thomas H; Gross, Peter A

2007-01-01

97

Historical background of the child labor regulations: strengths and limitations of the agricultural hazardous occupations orders.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to review the background of key legislative and regulatory milestones of the initial laws and federal child labor provisions limiting hazardous work by children in agriculture up to the more recent developments contributing to the proposed updates to the agricultural hazardous occupations orders. A summary of the key changes are described and the significant differences between agricultural and nonagricultural regulations are highlighted. Recommendations for future policy are provided. PMID:22490029

Miller, Mary E

2012-01-01

98

Conceptualising Child and Family Support: The Contribution of Honneth's Critical Theory of Recognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of social support in child welfare policy and practice continues to engender widespread debate. Yet the moral and philosophical underpinnings of this topical area have received less attention in the literature. This is of concern, not least because academic debates on the "politics of identity" have a significant contribution to make to…

Houston, Stan; Dolan, Pat

2008-01-01

99

Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Early Childhood Edition, Kindergarten-Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with early elementary-aged children, specifically children in kindergarten through grade two, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any…

Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

100

Coping strategies and social support as mediators of consequences in child sexual abuse victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the mediator role of coping strategies and social support on the adaptation of children following CSA. Empirical studies indicate that short-term consequences of child sexual abuse (CSA) are multiple and varied (Kendall-Tackett, Williams, & Finkelhor, 1993; Wolfe & Birt, 1995). While abuse-related characteristics were first studied to explain the variability

Caroline Tremblay; Martine Hébert; Christiane Piché

1999-01-01

101

Supporting High Quality Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-K Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this three-paper manuscript dissertation is to add value to the limited knowledge base of research surrounding the quality of teacher-child interactions in pre-k mathematics contexts. The first paper, based on an extensive review of literature, presents a theoretical basis for using five-frames to support children's development of…

McGuire, Patrick

2010-01-01

102

Child Support Enforcement: Supplemental Report to the Congress for the Period Ending September 30,1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features of the Child Support Enforcement program as prescribed by Federal statute and regulation are outlined. Also described are significant accomplishments and problems encountered in the administration of the program, in the development of policy, in the provision of technical assistance to the States, and in the provision of direct…

Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Child Support Enforcement.

103

Community and informal social support for recipients of child protective services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative study of parents receiving child protective services (CPS) was conducted to understand their experience with CPS involvement. Sixty-one parents from two CPS agencies in Ontario, Canada, participated in semistructured interviews lasting 1.5 to 2 h. A grounded theory approach was used to find emergent themes in the rich data, which included the role of formal and informal supports

Shehenaz Manji; Sarah Maiter; Sally Palmer

2005-01-01

104

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what conditions do networks generate greater (lesser) support? Second, what kinds of networks are associated with healthier children? We explore the health…

Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Donato, Katharine M.; Thompson-Colon, Theresa; Stainback, Melissa

2005-01-01

105

Child Support: State Progress in Developing Automated Enforcement Systems. Fact Sheet for Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a background report and five appendices, this fact sheet reviews the automation status of state child support enforcement programs, giving particular attention to the status of automation efforts, state and federal officials' views, and reasons for progress or lack of progress. Information was obtained primarily by telephone interviews of…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

106

The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Previous research has linked parents’ social support to decreased child maltreatment but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Further, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence. Based on a sample of parents of children aged 3–15 in Chicago, we find that parents’ family support is associated with a lower risk of child maltreatment. This association is partly mediated by reduced parental depression, but only in neighborhoods with average or high levels of violence. In neighborhoods with low levels of violence, the inverse association between family support and maltreatment is equally strong, but it is not mediated by reduced depression.

Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2011-01-01

107

Mothers' Reports of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement with Their Children: Revisiting the Relationship between Child Support Payment and Visitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonresident fathers' financial support and time are both important to children's well-being, although the association between these two types of involvement is mixed in the literature. Using the 1994-2004 waves of the Current Population Survey-Child Support Supplement, this article examined the associations between mothers' reports of child

Huang, Chien-Chung

2009-01-01

108

Informal and formal supports for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different "agents," hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict. PMID:23346023

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

109

Informal and Formal Supports for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to evaluate the potential contribution of informal community initiatives and formal interventions in support of former child soldiers' resilience in the wake of armed conflict. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a stratified random sample of 330 formerly recruited and 677 nonrecruited young people was consulted about their perspective on desirable support for former child soldiers provided by close support figures, communities, humanitarian organizations, and governments. Data analysis occurred by conducting qualitative thematic analysis and statistical chi-square analysis to explore clusters, similarities, and variations in reported support across the different “agents,” hereby comparing the perspectives of formerly recruited and non-recruited participants. The results indicated that formerly recruited and non-recruited participants had comparable perspectives that call for the contribution of various informal and formal support systems to former child soldiers' human capacities and the communal sociocultural fabric of war-affected societies. This highlights the importance of community-based, collective, and comprehensive support of formerly recruited young people and their surroundings in the aftermath of armed conflict.

Vindevogel, Sofie; Wessells, Michael; De Schryver, Maarten; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2012-01-01

110

Direct and Indirect Effects of Birth Order on Personality and Identity: Support for the Null Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors proposed that birth order affects psychosocial outcomes through differential investment from parent to child and differences in the degree of identification from child to parent. The authors conducted this study to test these 2 models. Despite the use of statistical and methodological procedures to increase sensitivity and reduce…

Dunkel, Curtis S.; Harbke, Colin R.; Papini, Dennis R.

2009-01-01

111

Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Mother-Child Interactions in Families of Multiple and Singleton Preterm Toddlers  

PubMed Central

The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support functioned as a protective factor. Information support predicted positive play under high, but not low, maternal stress. Mothers of multiples reported more parenting stress than mothers of singletons.

Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

112

Influence of caregiver network support and caregiver psychopathology on child mental health need and service use in the LONGSCAN study.  

PubMed

Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationship of caregiver network support on caregiver and child mental health need, as well as child mental health service use among 1075 8-year-old children participating in the LONGSCAN study. The final model showed acceptable fit (?(2) = 301.476, df = 136, p<0.001; RMSEA = 0.052; CFI = 0.95). Caregiver and child mental health needs were positively related. As predicted, caregiver network support exerted a protective effect, with greater levels of caregiver network support predictive of lower caregiver and child need. Contrary to prediction, however, caregiver network support was not directly related to child service use. Higher child need was directly related to child service use, especially among children whose caregivers had mental health problems. The findings appear to indicate that lower levels of caregiver network support may exert its impact on child service use indirectly by increasing caregiver and child need, rather than by directly increasing the likelihood of receiving services, especially for African American children. PMID:23175595

Lindsey, Michael A; Gilreath, Tamika D; Thompson, Richard; Graham, J Christopher; Hawley, Kristin M; Weisbart, Cindy; Browne, Dorothy; Kotch, Jonathan B

2012-05-01

113

Child Abuse and Neglect, Social Support, and Psychopathology in Adulthood: A Prospective Investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether child abuse and neglect predicts low levels of social support in middle adulthood and understand whether social support acts to mediate or moderate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and subsequent outcomes (anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use). Method Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and neglect (ages 0–11) during the years 1967 through 1971 and a matched control group were followed up and interviewed in adulthood. Social support was assessed at mean age 39.5, and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use at mean age 41.2. Results Adjusting for age, sex, and race, individuals with documented histories of child abuse and neglect reported significantly lower levels of social support in adulthood [total (p<.001), appraisal (p<.001), belonging (p<.001), tangible (p<.001), and self-esteem support (p<.01)] than controls. Adjusting for age, sex, race, and prior psychiatric diagnosis, social support mediated the relationship between child abuse and neglect and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Four gender by social support interactions and one three-way [group (abuse/neglect versus control) × tangible social support × gender) interaction moderated levels of anxiety and depression, particularly for males who were more strongly affected by high levels of social support. Conclusions Social support plays a significant role in mediating and moderating some long term consequences of childhood maltreatment. Efforts to better understand the timing and mechanisms involved in these relationships are needed to guide preventive interventions and treatment.

Sperry, Debbie M.; Widom, Cathy Spatz

2013-01-01

114

[Map of the family social support network for the promotion of child development].  

PubMed

This descriptive, qualitative study was performed from September to November 2009, at a Family Health Strategy unit in a city in the metropolitan region of Curitiba-PR. Participants were eight families, represented by mothers, fathers and grandmothers. The study objective was to identify the family social support network for the promotion of child development, from the family's perspective. Data were collected through focal groups and subjected to content analysis. The family social support network was classified as located, consisting of 16 members distributed between the informal and formal network, established by close relationships, with a smaller level of commitment, and occasional. It is considered that the health workers' understanding regarding the role and importance of this network favors the networking proposal between members that contribute to supporting families in the promotion of child development. PMID:22576528

Alexandre, Ana Maria Cosvoski; Labronici, Liliana Maria; Maftum, Mariluci Alves; Mazza, Verônica de Azevedo

2012-04-01

115

The impact of system of care support in adherence to wraparound principles in Child and Family Teams in child welfare in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

North Carolina is one of a growing number of states to implement family meeting models in child welfare as a way to engage families, while simultaneously addressing complex familial needs and child safety issues. However, much is still unknown regarding how family meetings actually operate in child welfare, underscoring a clear need for further evaluation of this process. Utilizing direct observational data of Child and Family Team (CFT) meetings, collected as part of two separate evaluations of the North Carolina Division of Social Service’s Multiple Response System (MRS) and System of Care (SOC) initiatives, the purpose of the current study was to examine whether the support provided by SOC improved fidelity to the CFT model in child welfare. The observations were conducted using the Team Observation Measure consisting of 78 indicators that measure adherence to ten domains associated with high quality family team meetings (e.g., collaborative, individualized, natural supports, outcomes based, strengths-based). Findings indicate that receiving SOC support in child welfare leads to a more collaborative and individualized decision-making process with families. Meeting facilitators in SOC counties were better prepared for CFTs, and had greater ability to lead a more robust and creative brainstorming process to develop a family-driven case plan. The current study also provides a much needed description of the CFT meeting process within child welfare using a direct observational measure.

Snyder, Elizabeth H.; Lawrence, C. Nicole; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

116

Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

2011-01-01

117

Fusing the boundaries between home and child care to support children's scientific learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parent involvement in early childhood education is highly valued by staff and families alike. However, limited research is available to guide professionals in how best to involve families in the early childhood programs developed for their children. This article reports on a study which investigated the impact of a science teaching and learning program on families of children attending an Australian Child Care Centre. Particular reference is made to the level of scientific support families gave to their children.

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-06-01

118

Promising Outcomes in Teen Mothers Enrolled in a School-Based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study described a cohort of teen mothers and their children attending an urban high school with a parent support program and school-based child care center. Specific aims of the study were to describe maternal characteristics and outcomes, and child developmental and health outcomes. Methods: A volunteer sample of 65 adolescent…

Sadler, Lois S.; Swartz, Martha K.; Ryan-Krause, Patricia; Seitz, Victoria; Meadows-Oliver, Mikki; Grey, Margaret; Clemmens, Donna A.

2007-01-01

119

Child Multi-Type Maltreatment and Associated Depression and PTSD Symptoms: The Role of Social Support and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This retrospective, cross-sectional study explored the hypothesis that multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (child multi-type maltreatment; CMM) would be associated with women's lower social support and higher stress in adulthood, and that this, in turn, would amplify their vulnerability to symptoms of depression and posttraumatic…

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert J.

2007-01-01

120

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Federal Budget 2009. Summary/Implications for Teachers and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF), as part of the pre-budget consultation process, made a submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Entitled "Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools" the brief outlined why teachers saw child poverty as such an important issue to be addressed, and…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

121

Effect of number, order, and spacing of siblings on child and adult outcomes: an overview of current research.  

PubMed

The impact of the number, order, and spacing of siblings on child and adult outcomes has been the topic of research by scholars in 4 separate fields (human biology, psychology, sociology, and economics), and the barriers to communication between academic disciplines are strong. Also most researchers have had to work with data sets gathered for other purposes. This has resulted in a relative inadequacy of research. Social scientists have 3 theories concerning the relationship between the number, order, and spacing of siblings and child and adult outcomes: that an increase in the number of siblings or a decrease in the spacing between them dilutes the time and material resources that parents can give to each child and that these resource dilutions hinder the outcome for each child; that account must be taken not only of parental resources but also of the resources given to each child by his/her siblings; and that there is no causal relationship between number, order and spacing of siblings and child outcomes and that any apparent relationships are spurious. In light of these theories, the question arises as to how should the sibling variables be measured. The most important aspect of sibling number is that it is a variable over time. Yet, the proper measurement of sibling number has an additional complication. According to all existing theories, the ages of the other siblings are relevant for the outcome for the given child. All of the relevant information is now available only when it is possible to construct a matrix in which the rows present the age of the given child and the columns the age grouping of the siblings for whom a count of sibling number will be made. Many such matrices could be developed, some much more elaborate than others. For illustrative purposes, Table 1 presents the matrix of the number of siblings for a child who is the first-born among 5 children, all of whom are spaced exactly 3 years apart and all of whom are financially dependent only up to exact age 21. Table 2 presents the matrix for the last-born child among 5 children with characteristics identical to those in Table 1. It can be inferred from these tables that the oldest child in the family, as compared to the youngest child, probably will suffer from a diminution of parental resources, most likely financial resources, in adolescence. The youngest will suffer from a reduction of parental resources, probably time resources, in infancy and early childhood. Research concerned with the consequences of the number and spacing of children should be based on data sets for which some version of this matrix can be constructed. PMID:3775430

Heer, D M

1986-01-01

122

Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

Seiderman, Ethel

2009-01-01

123

45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? ...Section 286.155 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES,...

2013-10-01

124

Language learning: how much evidence does a child need in order to learn to speak grammatically?  

PubMed

In order to learn grammar from a finite amount of evidence, children must begin with in-built expectations of what is grammatical. They clearly are not born, however, with fully developed grammars. Thus early language development involves refinement of the grammar hypothesis until a target grammar is learnt. Here we address the question of how much evidence is required for this refinement process, by considering two standard learning algorithms and a third algorithm which is presumably as efficient as a child for some value of its memory capacity. We reformulate this algorithm in the context of Chomsky's 'principles and parameters' and show that it is possible to bound the amount of evidence required to almost certainly speak almost grammatically. PMID:15210311

Page, Karen M

2004-07-01

125

Interorganizational relationships among family support organizations and child mental health agencies.  

PubMed

This study examined: (1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and (2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: (a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; (b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and (c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions. PMID:22865099

Acri, Mary C; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2014-07-01

126

Interorganizational Relationships among Family Support Organizations and Child Mental Health Agencies  

PubMed Central

This study examined: 1) qualitative aspects of close working relationships between family support organizations and child mental health agencies, including effective and ineffective characteristics of the relationship and aspects that they would change, and 2) the impact of the working relationship upon the family support organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 directors of family support organizations characterized as having a close working relationship with a child mental health agency. Three main themes emerged regarding the quality of the working relationship: a) interactional factors, including shared trust, communication, collaboration and service coordination; b) aspects of the inner context of the family support organization, mental health agency, or both, including alignment of goals and values and perceptions of mental health services; and c) outer contextual factors external to the organizations, such as financial and county regulations. Responses to the perceived impact of the relationship was divided into two themes: positive impacts (e.g. gained respect, influence and visibility), and negative impacts (e.g. lack of trust). This study lays the foundation for future research to better understand the mechanisms underlying interorganizational relationships in communities among different types of providers to create a more seamless continuum of services for families of children with mental health conditions.

Acri, Mary C.; Palinkas, Larry; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Shen, Sa; Schoonover, Diana; Reutz, Jennifer Rolls; Landsverk, John

2012-01-01

127

More than a Work Support? Issues around Integrating Child Development Goals into the Child Care Subsidy System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes current approaches to child care subsidies and identifies several issues and opportunities facing those who want to integrate a stronger child development focus into the subsidy system. Concludes with a discussion of important questions for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers to help the subsidy system achieve a better balance…

Adams, Gina; Rohacek, Monica

2002-01-01

128

Mechanical Circulatory Support of the Critically Ill Child Awaiting Heart Transplantation  

PubMed Central

The majority of children awaiting heart transplantation require inotropic support, mechanical ventilation, and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Unfortunately, due to the limited pool of organs, many of these children do not survive to transplant. Mechanical circulatory support of the failing heart in pediatrics is a new and rapidly developing field world-wide. It is utilized in children with acute congestive heart failure associated with congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis, both as a bridge to transplantation and as a bridge to myocardial recovery. The current arsenal of mechanical assist devices available for children is limited to ECMO, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, centrifugal pump ventricular assist devices, the DeBakey ventricular assist device Child; the Thoratec ventricular assist device; and the Berlin Heart. In the spring of 2004, five contracts were awarded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to support preclinical development for a range of pediatric ventricular assist devices and similar circulatory support systems. The support of early development efforts provided by this program is expected to yield several devices that will be ready for clinical trials within the next few years. Our work reviews the current international experience with mechanical circulatory support in children and summarizes our own experience since 2005 with the Berlin Heart, comparing the indications for use, length of support, and outcome between these modalities.

Gazit, Avihu Z; Gandhi, Sanjiv K; C Canter, Charles

2010-01-01

129

Support requirements of parents caring for a child with disability and complex health needs.  

PubMed

Aim To investigate the experiences of parents of children with complex health needs in relation to the help and support they receive when caring for their child. Method A series of in-depth semi-structured interviews undertaken with the parents of 34 children (33 families) with a disability or a complex health need. Families were categorised into one of three subgroups: children with a disability, children with a life-limiting or life-threatening illness, or children with technology dependence. Findings In relation to parental experience of the need for help and support, two major categories were identified, namely 'people', and 'processes and resources', as well as a series of subcategories. Respite care was identified as the greatest unmet need. Conclusion Parents identified a range of helping behaviours among key professional staff involved in support provision. The greatest area of unmet needs is for respite care. PMID:24805033

Whiting, Mark

2014-05-01

130

Current Practice in Meeting Child Health Needs in Family Support Services: Variation by Service Type and Perspectives on Future Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of all service users include those related to physical, emotional, sexual and mental health. This article documents where child health needs are recognised and being met within family support services in the west of Ireland, investigates whether there is variation across different types of family support services and presents the views…

Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Dolan, Pat; Canavan, John; O'Higgins, Siobhan

2009-01-01

131

Child sexual abuse and subsequent relational and personal functioning: the role of parental support.  

PubMed

This study examined the role of nonoffending parental support in the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and later romantic attachment, psychiatric symptoms, and couple adjustment. Of 348 adults engaged in stable romantic relationship, 59 (17%) reported sexual abuse. In this subgroup, 14% (n=8) reported parental intervention after the abuse was disclosed (i.e., support), 15% (n=9) reported a lack of parental intervention after abuse disclosure (i.e., nonsupport), and 71% (n=42) reported that their nonabusive parent(s) was(were) unaware of their abuse. Results indicated that, compared to other groups, CSA survivors with nonsupportive parents reported higher levels of anxious attachment, psychological symptoms, and dyadic maladjustment. In contrast, CSA survivors with supportive parent(s) expressed psychological and couple adjustment equivalent to non-abused participants, and lower attachment avoidance, relative to all other groups. Path analysis revealed that insecure attachment completely mediated the relationship between perceived parental support after CSA and later psychosocial outcomes. An actor-partner interdependence model showed different patterns for men and women and highlighted the importance of considering relational dynamics in dyads of CSA survivors. Overall, the results suggest that perceived parental support serves as a protective factor among those exposed to CSA. PMID:24199753

Godbout, Natacha; Briere, John; Sabourin, Stéphane; Lussier, Yvan

2014-02-01

132

Testing the economic independence hypothesis: the effect of an exogenous increase in child support on subsequent marriage and cohabitation.  

PubMed

We examine the effects of an increase in income on the cohabitation and marriage of single mothers. Using data from an experiment that resulted in randomly assigned differences in child support receipt for welfare-receiving single mothers, we find that exogenous income increases (as a result of receiving all child support that was paid) are associated with significantly lower cohabitation rates between mothers and men who are not the fathers of their child(ren). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that additional income increases disadvantaged women's economic independence by reducing the need to be in the least stable type of partnerships. Our results also show the potential importance of distinguishing between biological and social fathers. PMID:24728708

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R

2014-06-01

133

Global paediatric advanced life support: improving child survival in limited-resource settings.  

PubMed

Nearly all global mortality in children younger than 5 years (99%) occurs in developing countries. The leading causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years worldwide, pneumonia and diarrhoeal illness, account for 1·396 and 0·801 million annual deaths, respectively. Although important advances in prevention are being made, advanced life support management in children in developing countries is often incomplete because of limited resources. Existing advanced life support management guidelines for children in limited-resource settings are mainly empirical, rather than evidence-based, written for the hospital setting, not standardised with a systematic approach to patient assessment and categorisation of illness, and taught in current paediatric advanced life support training courses from the perspective of full-resource settings. In this Review, we focus on extension of higher quality emergency and critical care services to children in developing countries. When integrated into existing primary care programmes, simple inexpensive advanced life support management can improve child survival worldwide. PMID:23332963

Ralston, Mark E; Day, Louise T; Slusher, Tina M; Musa, Ndidiamaka L; Doss, Helen S

2013-01-19

134

Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

2012-01-01

135

Bereavement support used by mothers in Ireland following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition.  

PubMed

Background: Children's palliative care is a rapidly developing specialism internationally. Bereavement support is an integral component of children's palliative care but to date little research has investigated the bereavement support that mothers in Ireland use following the death of their child. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore mothers' experiences of bereavement support in Ireland following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition. Method: A descriptive qualitative design was used. The study sample was ten mothers who had been bereaved in the previous 5 years. All mothers were recruited to the study by a gatekeeper from a voluntary organisation. Data were obtained through unstructured single interviews and analysed using conventional content analysis. Results: The findings indicate that the mothers relied on a combination of informal and formal bereavement support. In addition to depending on others to provide support, the mothers described their ability to self-support. Conclusions: The findings show that mothers in Ireland use a variety of sources of support following the death of their child from a life-limiting condition. Health professionals involved in caring for families and children with a life-limiting condition should have an understanding of these sources. PMID:24763325

Jennings, Valerie; Nicholl, Honor

2014-04-25

136

Questions and Answers for Noncustodial Fathers: A Question and Answer Resource on Paternity Establishment and Child Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help men faced with the legal issues of paternity establishment and the child support system understand the processes and get an overview of the system. Because the laws of the individual states vary, the document is written in general terms and often indicates the circumstances under which the state law or policy will…

Boggess, Jacquelyn

137

Face to Face with Fathers: A Report on Low-Income Fathers and Their Experience with Child Support Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the experiences of low-income, never-married fathers who have children receiving public assistance and who are required to establish paternity and pay child support. Seventy-one fathers were interviewed either in focus groups or individually. Each father was asked to describe his relationship with his children, his experience…

Ash, Daniel O.

138

Anchors Away! Implementing Program-Wide Positive Behavior Supports at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood programs are growing increasingly concerned about the number of preschoolers exhibiting challenging behavior. This case study describes how educators at the Visiting Nurses Association Child Care and Family Resource Center program addressed this concern by implementing the systems, data, and practices of Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS) as part of the statewide initiative called Positive Behavioral Interventions and

Howard Steven Muscott; Tina Pomerleau; Sherry Dupuis

2009-01-01

139

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

140

Examination of the Child Protective Services Decision-Making Context with Implications for Decision Support System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general perception of Child Protective Services (CPS) decision making is that it is inconsistent and prone to error. As a result, risk assessment instruments were developed to enable investigators to make better decisions. The present study uses a qualitative approach with an explicit theoretical framework pertinent to management information systems and decision support system design to examine the context

Dale Fitch

2006-01-01

141

Effects of School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports on Child Behavior Problems  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) is a universal prevention strategy currently implemented in >16?000 schools across the United States. SWPBIS intends to reduce students’ behavior problems by altering staff behaviors and developing systems and supports to meet children’s behavioral needs. The current study reports intervention effects on child behaviors and adjustment from an effectiveness trial of SWPBIS. METHODS: The sample of 12?344 elementary school children was 52.9% male, 45.1% African American, and 46.1% Caucasian. Approximately 49% received free or reduced-priced meals, and 12.9% received special education services at baseline. The trial used a group randomized controlled effectiveness design implemented in 37 elementary schools. Multilevel analyses were conducted on teachers’ ratings of children’s behavior problems, concentration problems, social-emotional functioning, prosocial behavior, office discipline referrals, and suspensions at 5 time points over the course of 4 school years. RESULTS: The multilevel results indicated significant effects of SWPBIS on children’s behavior problems, concentration problems, social-emotional functioning, and prosocial behavior. Children in SWPBIS schools also were 33% less likely to receive an office discipline referral than those in the comparison schools. The effects tended to be strongest among children who were first exposed to SWPBIS in kindergarten. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide support for the hypothesized reduction in behavior problems and improvements in prosocial behavior and effective emotion regulation after training in SWPBIS. The SWPBIS framework appears to be a promising approach for reducing problems and promoting adjustment among elementary school children.

Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Leaf, Philip J.

2012-01-01

142

Home Management 7: Child Care Unit. Course Objectives, Content Analysis, Supporting Objectives and Content Generalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These curriculum materials represent a child care unit in a home management program which is concerned with consumer and family studies. The curriculum unit is designed to help young adolescents work successfully with small children. A career focus, that of baby sitter or child caregiver, forms the unit's conceptual framework. This publication…

Erickson, Susan, Comp.; Martin, Joan, Ed.

143

Comprehensive Child Development Program--A National Family Support Demonstration. First Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comprehensive Child Development Act of 1988 provided for the establishment of Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP) projects to be administered by the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF). A total of 24 CCDP projects were funded through 1990. The CCDP works with the family as a unit and integrates services across…

Hubbell, Ruth; And Others

144

An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

2011-01-01

145

An Economic Analysis of Child Care Support to Low-Income Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic impact of the provision of public child care assistance on low income families is evaluated in this report. Data from interviews and records of current and former recipients of 4C child care assistance under Title II in the Orlando Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) during the period 1976-1978 are examined. A brief overview…

Hosni, Dejehane A.; Donnan, Brenda

146

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms generate a host of data that can be used to inform program improvement. This article suggests ways to document child-level data and mentoring protocols in a way that makes the information usable to teachers and can positively influence child outcomes.

Zoll, Susan M.

2011-01-01

147

Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

2011-01-01

148

Synthesis of highly dispersed ceria-zirconia supported on ordered mesoporous alumina.  

PubMed

Highly dispersed ceria-zirconia supported on ordered mesoporous alumina, showing higher thermal stability up to 900 °C, has been successfully synthesized via a sol-gel process associated with P123 as the template in ethanol solvent. PMID:21461412

Huang, Fei; Zheng, Ying; Li, Zhaohui; Xiao, Yihong; Zheng, Yong; Cai, Guohui; Wei, Kemei

2011-05-14

149

Synthesis and Characterization of Ordered Meso-Macro-Porous Silica Membranes on a Porous Alumina Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macroporous silica materials with ordered three-dimensional pore structure can be easily prepared by the template-directed sol-gel process. However, it is still a challenge to prepare them in membrane form on a porous support, which limits their applications. In this work, we have demonstrated the feasibility of obtaining a three-dimensional ordered macroporous silica membrane on macroporous alumina support using poly-methyl methacrylate

Duo Li; Y. S. Lin; V. V. Guliants

2010-01-01

150

77 FR 38173 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the operation of circular saws, band saws, guillotine shears, chain saws, reciprocating saws, wood chippers, and abrasive cutting discs (Order 14). [FR Doc. 2012-15868 Filed 6-26-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2012-06-27

151

Supporting local planning and budgeting for maternal, neonatal and child health in the Philippines  

PubMed Central

Background Responsibility for planning and delivery of health services in the Philippines is devolved to the local government level. Given the recognised need to strengthen capacity for local planning and budgeting, we implemented Investment Cases (IC) for Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) in three selected sub-national units: two poor, rural provinces and one highly-urbanised city. The IC combines structured problem-solving by local policymakers and planners to identify key health system constraints and strategies to scale-up critical MNCH interventions with a decision-support model to estimate the cost and impact of different scaling-up scenarios. Methods We outline how the initiative was implemented, the aspects that worked well, and the key limitations identified in the sub-national application of this approach. Results Local officials found the structured analysis of health system constraints helpful to identify problems and select locally appropriate strategies. In particular the process was an improvement on standard approaches that focused only on supply-side issues. However, the lack of data available at the local level is a major impediment to planning. While the majority of the strategies recommended by the IC were incorporated into the 2011 plans and budgets in the three study sites, one key strategy in the participating city was subsequently reversed in 2012. Higher level systemic issues are likely to have influenced use of evidence in plans and budgets and implementation of strategies. Conclusions Efforts should be made to improve locally-representative data through routine information systems for planning and monitoring purposes. Even with sound plans and budgets, evidence is only one factor influencing investments in health. Political considerations at a local level and issues related to decentralisation, influence prioritisation and implementation of plans. In addition to the strengthening of capacity at local level, a parallel process at a higher level of government to relieve fund channelling and coordination issues is critical for any evidence-based planning approach to have a significant impact on health service delivery.

2013-01-01

152

Carbon monoxide and methanol oxidation at platinum catalysts supported on ordered mesoporous carbon: the influence of functionalization of the support.  

PubMed

The influence of different functionalization treatments of the support on the electrocatalytic activity towards CO and methanol oxidation at platinum nanoparticles deposited on ordered mesoporous carbons (OMC) has been studied for the first time. Before deposition of the metal, the carbon support was functionalized applying several procedures, with the purpose to generate oxygenated groups for anchoring the Pt nanoparticles by the formic acid (FM) and borohydride (BM) reduction methods. Good dispersion of the catalyst was obtained in all cases. It has been shown that particle size, and consequently the lattice parameter and metal surface area, depends on the functionalization treatment employed. CO and methanol electrooxidation was studied at all prepared catalysts applying cyclic voltammetry. It was observed that CO stripping occurs at more negative potentials (around 0.10-0.15 V) with these supports with respect to Vulcan XC-72 supported catalysts, and the best results for both methods were achieved with OMC functionalized with concentrated nitric acid for 0.5 h. This carbon support presents a higher amount of oxygenated groups without the loss of the ordered structure. In situ infrared studies have been performed for the first time with this type of catalyst, showing that the effect of the carbon support on the CO oxidation potential is similar to the presence of a second metal as Ru under the same experimental conditions. Methanol electrooxidation is also dependent on the nature of the support, as proved from both cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. In this case, results depend on the method of nanoparticles preparation and seem to be better for BM. PMID:19015783

Salgado, J R C; Quintana, J J; Calvillo, L; Lázaro, M J; Cabot, P L; Esparbé, I; Pastor, E

2008-12-01

153

Emerging effortful control in infancy and toddlerhood and maternal support: A child driven or parent driven model?  

PubMed

This study examined the association between children's temperamental characteristics of rudimentary effortful control (EC) and mothers' supportive reactions to their children's negative emotions in infancy and toddler period. One hundred and fifty eight (78 girls) Taiwanese children's EC was assessed at 12 and 24 months with mothers' report on the very short-form scales of Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ) and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) respectively. The mothers also completed questionnaires to assess their comforting behaviors at 12 months and both comforting and cognitive assistance to their children's expression of negative emotions when the child was 24 months old. A structural model was used to examine within- and across-time relations between children's EC and the maternal support. The results showed continuity of EC related temperament from infancy to toddlerhood and the 12-month rudimentary EC positively predicted mothers' comforting and cognitive assistance at 24 months, suggesting that mothers modulate their use of support in accordance with their prior knowledge of their children's regulatory capacities. The results indicated an influence of infants' temperament on adult behaviors, supporting potential evocative child effects on mothers' emotion coaching behaviors. PMID:24607991

Li, Ishien; Pawan, Ciwas; Stansbury, Kathy

2014-05-01

154

An Analysis of the Order of Acquisition of English Grammatical Morphemes in a Bilingual Child. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study of bilingual language acquisition analyzes the order of acquisition of English grammatical morphemes in a child bilingual in English and Chichewa (a Bantu lanugage of East Central Africa). The order of acquisition obtained is compared to that obtained by Brown (1973) for monolingual English speaking children and that…

Chimombo, Moira

155

Family Experiences with Accessing Information, Social and Resource Supports as Participants in Services for Their Special Needs Child over Three Years of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families of children with special needs often experience substantial stress and an increased need for informational, social, or resource support throughout their child's growth and development. However, supports for families of children older than three often report a severe shortage of supports and difficulty accessing and utilizing them. Using…

Busillo-Aguayo, Joannie

2010-01-01

156

Developing Internet Communication and Peer Support in a Statewide Child Care Community for Participants in a Child Development Associate (CDA) Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation project was designed to improve communication systems among child care providers previously and currently enrolled in a statewide Child Development Associate (CDA) training program as a pilot project to promote communication among the statewide child care community as a whole. Communications systems within the CDA…

Stahl, Steven

157

Parenting, Parental Mental Health, and Child Functioning in Families Residing in Supportive Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term homelessness is associated with other psychosocial risk factors (e.g., adult mental illness, substance abuse, and exposure to violence). All of these factors are associated with impairments in parenting effectiveness and child adjustment, but there are very limited data investigating parenting among families who are homeless and highly mobile. In particular, there is no literature examining the relationships among observed

Abigail H. Gewirtz; David S. DeGarmo; Elizabeth J. Plowman; Gerald August; George Realmuto

2010-01-01

158

Policies to support maternal employment and care for the child: what does the research tell us?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continual increase in maternal employment in Australia over the past three decades has focused attention on family friendly employment policies and provision of childcare. To fully understand mothers’ decisions regarding return to paid work and child care requires empirical, longitudinal evidence of the on-going decision-making processes beginning with their preferred options. This prospective longitudinal study investigated preferences and decisions of

Wendy Boyd

2011-01-01

159

Confessions of a "No Child Left Behind" Supporter: An Interview with Sandy Kress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the due date for the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) right around the corner, "Education Next" thought it apt to probe the lessons learned in the five years since the act's passage. This article presents an e-mail interview with Sandy Kress, a lawyer and former school board member who, as a domestic policy advisor in the White…

Education Next, 2007

2007-01-01

160

Military Child Education Coalition: Building Partnerships and Support Networks for Military Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As summer comes to a close, military families across the globe are relocating to new installations. With that transition requirement comes a great deal of challenges faced by military families with school-age children. This means new houses, new neighborhoods and new friends. Families who have a child with special needs require new physicians, new…

Hulsey, Amanda

2011-01-01

161

The Development of Linear Ordering Preferences in Child Language: The Influence of Accessibility and Topicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When communicating with their interlocutors, adults have a robust preference to order previously mentioned ("old") referents in the discourse before mentioning referents that have not yet been introduced in the discourse ("new"). But in an experimental study investigating phrasal conjuncts, 3- to 5-year-olds acquiring German exhibit a "new-old"…

Dimroth, Christine; Narasimhan, Bhuvana

2012-01-01

162

Maryland Child Care Business Partnership Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on a pledge to support the state's job growth and successful transitions from welfare to work, the governor of Maryland issued an executive order in 1998 to establish the Maryland Child Care Business Partnership (MCCBP). This partnership, comprised of 23 members representing business, labor, state and local government, and the child care…

Maryland State Dept. of Human Resources, Baltimore. Child Care Administration.

163

Quality Child Care Supports the Achievement of Low-Income Children: Direct and Indirect Pathways Through Caregiving and the Home Environment  

PubMed Central

Existing studies of child care have not been able to determine whether higher quality child care protects children from the effects of poverty, whether poverty and lower quality child care operate as dual risk factors, or whether both are true. The objective of the current study was to test two pathways through which child care may serve as a naturally occurring intervention for low-income children: a direct pathway through child care quality to child outcomes, and an indirect pathway through improvements in the home environment. Children were observed in their homes and child care settings at 6, 15, 24, and 36 months. An interaction between family income-to-needs ratio and child care quality predicted School Readiness, Receptive Language, and Expressive Language, as well as improvements in the home environment. Children from low-income families profited from observed learning supports in the form of sensitive care and stimulation of cognitive development, and their parents profited from unobserved informal and formal parent supports. Policy implications are discussed.

McCartney, Kathleen; Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; Bub, Kristen L.

2009-01-01

164

Determination of molecular order in supported lipid membranes by internal reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.  

PubMed Central

When polarized internal reflection infrared spectroscopy is used to determine molecular order in supported lipid membranes, the results are critically dependent on the accuracy of assumptions made about the evanescent electric field amplitudes in the membrane. In this work, we examine several expressions used for calculating evanescent electric field amplitudes in supported lipid monolayers and bilayers, and test their validity by measuring the infrared dichroism of poly-gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate and poly-beta-benzyl-L-aspartate under conditions in which their molecular order is known. Our results indicate that treating such systems as a simple single interface between two semi-infinite bulk phases is more accurate than the commonly employed thin-film approximation. This implies that earlier conclusions about molecular order in supported lipid membranes may require substantial revision.

Citra, M J; Axelsen, P H

1996-01-01

165

Termination of life support after severe child abuse: the role of a guardian ad litem.  

PubMed

Discontinuation of life-sustaining interventions often raises ethical concerns. In cases of severe child abuse with poor prognosis for recovery, accused parents may have a conflict of interest regarding medical decision-making for their child, because the outcome of such decisions may impact legal charges filed against them. The recently issued American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for addressing such cases recommended the appointment of a guardian ad litem for medical decision-making. We present the case of an 8-month-old infant who was abused severely by her father, resulting in a persistent vegetative state. We describe our experience with appointing a guardian ad litem and the ethical issues involved. PMID:14754984

Gladsjo, Julie Akiko; Breding, John; Sine, David; Wells, Robert; Kalemkiarian, Sharon; Oak, Joni; Vieira, Angela S; Friedlander, Sheila Fallo

2004-02-01

166

Need for and access to supportive services in the child welfare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine how geographical availability of social services is related to foster care entry rates\\u000a and referrals for child maltreatment investigations. The primary concerns are to (1) determine locations across Los Angeles\\u000a County where the availability of social services is low but display a high need for those services and (2) begin to examine

Bridget Freisthler

167

Child's Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

168

Child-rearing and adult leukemia: Epidemiologic evidence in support of competing hematopoietic stem cell differentiation  

SciTech Connect

The hypothesis that lack of child-rearing increases the risk of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in adults was examined in a case-control study in western Washington State. Among 159 study subjects over age 50 in 1985, there were 76 cases of ANLL and 83 controls. The crude odds ratio associated with lack of child-rearing was 1.8, with a 95% confidence range of 0.7 to 5.0. The average total number of children ever living with cases was 2.6 and with controls was 3.1 (p = 0.06). The mean total number of years living with a child, or children, under age 18 was 17.6 in cases and 20.2 in controls (p = 0.05). These results were not materially altered after adjustment for age, smoking, race, income, and sex. The data provide evidence that cases of ANLL were less likely to ever have had children and that fewer years were spent rearing children than were spent by controls. The hypothesis was based on the competing stem cell'' theory of hematopoietic ontogeny. If valid, then exposure to children would increase exposure to infection, leading to increased lymphocytic stem cell turnover, and decreased non-lymphocytic stem cell turnover. This, in turn, may reduce risk of ANLL in adults. 18 refs., 3 tabs.

Steven, R.G. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Severson, R.K. (Kuakini Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (USA). Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study); Heuser, L. (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (USA))

1988-05-01

169

Impact assessment of draft DOE Order 5820.2B. Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a revision to DOE Order 5820.2A, entitled ``Radioactive Waste Management.`` DOE issued DOE Order 5820.2A in September 1988 and, as the title implies, it covered only radioactive waste forms. The proposed draft order, entitled ``Waste Management,`` addresses the management of both radioactive and nonradioactive waste forms. It also includes spent nuclear fuel, which DOE does not consider a waste. Waste forms covered include hazardous waste, high-level waste, transuranic (TRU) waste, low-level radioactive waste, uranium and thorium mill tailings, mixed waste, and sanitary waste. The Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program (TSP) of Leached Idaho Technologies Company (LITCO) is facilitating the revision of this order. The EM Regulatory Compliance Division (EM-331) has requested that TSP estimate the impacts and costs of compliance with the revised order. TSP requested Dames & Moore to aid in this assessment by comparing requirements in Draft Order 5820.2B to ones in DOE Order 5820.2A and other DOE orders and Federal regulations. The assessment started with a draft version of 5820.2B dated January 14, 1994. DOE has released three updated versions of the draft order since then (dated May 20, 1994; August 26, 1994; and January 23, 1995). Each time DOE revised the order, Dames and Moore updated the assessment work to reflect the text changes. This report reflects the January 23, 1995 version of the draft order.

NONE

1995-04-01

170

Family Support: A New Approach to Child Well-Being [and] Health Care for All Our Children: We Can Make It Happen [and] Massachusetts Families: Working and Still Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three brochures discuss important issues related to child welfare. The first, "Family Support: A New Approach to Child Well-Being," summarizes this philosophy of community service. Family support is defined and differentiated from traditional services; its advantages are outlined; and specific family support programs in Massachusetts are…

Massachusetts KIDS COUNT, Boston.

171

Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.  

PubMed

Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

2012-07-01

172

Parent-Child Interaction among Latina Adolescent Mothers: The Role of Family and Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latina adolescent mothers were videotaped at home interacting with their children and interviewed regarding their social support. Consistent with existing models, mothers who reported greater overall social support were more expressive across three observation tasks and more sensitive during unstructured play; in contrast, specific aspects of…

Contreras, Josefina M.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Diener, Marissa L.; Brunson, Liesette

1999-01-01

173

Mothers' Emotions and Behavioral Support during Interactions with Toddlers: The Role of Child Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines mothers' support for children's interests and, specifically, emotional processes in mothers that may explain why they display different levels of support with children of different temperaments. We observed 114 mothers and their 14-27 month-old children during a laboratory interaction. Mothers rated children on three…

Bryan, Amy E.; Dix, Theodore

2009-01-01

174

Older Child Adoptions and Families' Participation in Post-Placement Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study was made to investigate factors possibly related to adoptive families' and adoptive single parents' decisions about participation in a new postplacement support service. Factors under consideration included family background, existing informal supports, attitudes toward mental health professionals, and perceptions of the…

Pinderhughes, Ellen E.

175

Review Paper: Medication-related Clinical Decision Support in Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs.To realize the medication-related benefits of CDS within CPOE, one must overcome significant challenges. Healthcare organizations implementing CPOE must understand

Gilad J. Kuperman; Anne M. Bobb; Thomas H. Payne; Anthony J. Avery; Tejal K. Gandhi; Gerard Burns; David C. Classen; David W. Bates

2007-01-01

176

Comparing Kanban with CONWIP in a make-to-order environment supported by JIT practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptation of constant work-in-process (CONWIP) in make-to-order (MTO) environments essentially depends on the support of three key just-in-time (JIT) practices, i.e. unidirectional flow (UF), one-piece flow (OPF), and set-up time reduction (STR) induced by cellular manufacturing. Their impacts on the performance difference between CONWIP and Kanban were investigated by simulation experiments. CONWIP was found to be more adaptable to the

Jing-Wen Li

2011-01-01

177

Web-Based eHealth to Support Counseling in Routine Well-Child Care: Pilot Study of E-health4Uth Home Safety  

PubMed Central

Background Providing safety education to parents of young children is important in the prevention of unintentional injuries in or around the home. We developed a Web-based, tailored safety advice module to support face-to-face counseling in the setting of preventive youth health care (E-health4Uth home safety) in order to improve the provision of safety information for parents of young children. Objective This pilot study evaluated a Web-based, tailored safety advice module (E-health4Uth home safety) and evaluated the use of E-health4Uth home safety to support counseling in routine well-child care visits. Methods From a preventive youth health care center, 312 parents with a child aged 10-31 months were assigned to the E-health4Uth home safety condition or to the care-as-usual condition (provision of a generic safety information leaflet). All parents completed a questionnaire either via the Internet or paper-and-pencil, and parents in the E-health4Uth condition received tailored home safety advice either online or by a print that was mailed to their home. This tailored home safety advice was used to discuss the safety of their home during the next scheduled well-child visit. Parents in the care-as-usual condition received a generic safety information leaflet during the well-child visit. Results Mean age of the parents was 32.5 years (SD 5.4), 87.8% (274/312) of participants were mothers; mean age of the children was 16.9 months (SD 5.1). In the E-health4Uth condition, 38.4% (61/159) completed the online version of the questionnaire (allowing Web-based tailored safety advice), 61.6% (98/159) preferred to complete the questionnaire via paper (allowing only a hardcopy of the advice to be sent by regular mail). Parents in the E-health4Uth condition evaluated the Web-based, tailored safety advice (n=61) as easy to use (mean 4.5, SD 0.7), pleasant (mean 4.0, SD 0.9), reliable (mean 4.6, SD 0.6), understandable (mean 4.6, SD 0.5), relevant (mean 4.2, SD 0.9), and useful (mean 4.3, SD 0.8). After the well-child visit, no significant differences were found between the E-health4Uth condition and care-as-usual condition with regard to the satisfaction with the information received (n=61, P=.51). Health care professionals (n=43) rated the tailored safety advice as adequate (mean 4.0, SD 0.4) and useful (mean 3.9, SD 0.4). Conclusions Less than half of the parents accepted the invitation to complete a Web-based questionnaire to receive online tailored safety advice prior to a face-to-face consultation. Despite wide access to the Internet, most parents preferred to complete questionnaires using paper-and-pencil. In the subgroup that completed E-health4Uth home safety online, evaluations of E-health4Uth home safety were positive. However, satisfaction scores with regard to tailored safety advice were not different from those with regard to generic safety information leaflets.

Vogel, Ineke; Beirens, Tinneke Monique Jozef; Kloek, Gitte Caroline; den Hertog, Paul; van der Veen, Monique Desiree; Raat, Hein

2013-01-01

178

Mother-child relationships as sources of support or stress: a comparison of competent, average, aggressive, and anxious dyads.  

PubMed

We tested the proposition that mother-child relationships can be sources of support or stress, by comparing patterns of mother-child interactions in a problem-solving task that children completed with their own and with an unfamiliar mother. 4 groups of preschoolers (n = 30 in each group)--identified on the basis of teacher ratings as socially competent, average, aggressive, or anxious--participated. Mothers of competent and average children were highly positive and reciprocal toward their own and unfamiliar children. Mothers of aggressive and anxious children were only positive and reciprocal toward unfamiliar children but generally indiscriminate (aggressive group) or aversive and negatively reciprocal (anxious group) toward their own. Children in all 4 groups tended to be reciprocal toward their own mothers, but only competent and average children were reciprocal toward unfamiliar mothers also. Aggressive and anxious children generally responded to unfamiliar mothers by ignoring or actively rejecting their overtures. Results (1) indicate that the relationship with the primary caregiver may serve as a major source of support or stress in the preschool years; (2) focus attention on the dynamic organization of interactions rather than on the presence or frequency of particular behaviors, indicating that a dynamic of reciprocity enables children and mothers to adapt positively to the ever changing demands of new social situations; (3) point to the need to develop new means of assessing relationships to better understand how they influence development; and (4) highlight the importance of incorporating transactional models in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood dysfunctions rather than accounting for them solely in terms of limited skills in parents or children. PMID:8112116

Dumas, J E; LaFreniere, P J

1993-12-01

179

Integration of clinical decision support with on-line encounter documentation for well child care at the point of care.  

PubMed Central

Electronic medical record systems and clinical practice guideline (CPG) support applications are emerging in the clinical environment to document and support care. Applications which integrate online documentation with CPG are often complex systems bound to a proprietary infrastructure and as such, can be difficult to adapt to changing care guidelines. This paper describes integration of point-of-care clinical documentation to an Internet-based CPG system that was easily modified, utilized available software resources, and separated patient information from CPG. The system combined a text-based encounter documentation tool, Inbox, with a web-based CPG system, SIEGFRIED (System for Interactive Electronic Guidelines with Feedback and Resources for Instructional and Educational Development), which interactively presented care guidelines to providers. Age-specific well child care documentation templates were developed using Inbox for point-of-care documentation. SIEGFRIED contained the knowledge base of child safety education guidelines and executed independent of the program presenting the guidelines. The CPG were accessed from within the documentation template via an Internet hyperlink. Patient chart evaluation indicated that 77% of safety topics were reviewed and 32% of the charts contained documentation indicating all the safety topics were reviewed. Last, routine use of the Inbox-SIEGFRIED system was not realized due to the clinical time constraints and workload of the medical providers, and lack of data entry experience. A user survey indicated time cost (network access and software execution) were negative aspects of the system. However, the system function was highly regarded and the Internet-based patient education materials were described as useful and accurate. In summary, the system was functional, met original development goals, and provided valuable patient education materials; however, routine system use was prevented by time requirements. We recommend further development be oriented towards integrating the identified beneficial components of the system into clinician workflow. Images Figure 1

Porcelli, P. J.; Lobach, D. F.

1999-01-01

180

Templated synthesis for highly ordered metal/support nanocomposite materials with catalytic applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Template synthesis is a powerful method of synthesizing materials with tunable properties. Tailorability of the templates makes it a viable method for high performance material synthesis. Surfactant, polymers and semiconductors have been used as templating tools for a long time. In the present work, we demonstrate the ability to synthesize hexagonally organized porous titania, zirconia and zirconia/titania mixed oxide supports and their respective nanocomposites of Pt from their alkoxide precursors using a highly viscous mixed surfactant template, separating nanoscopic bicontinuous channels of water and isooctane. Oil soluble precursor that eventually forms the support, precipitates at the oil-water interface mimicking the microstructure of the template. Subsequent reduction of Pt precursor in the aqueous nanochannels decorates the surface of the macropore walls with well-separated platinum (Pt) nanoparticles. This technique enables us to synthesize two components in a single template system by utilizing both oil and water phases. The composite formed possess a bimodal pore size distribution with one mean pore size ˜3.5nm (nanopores) and the other in the larger mean pore diameter regions ˜100nm-2mum (macropores), depending on the oxide support. Because of the decreased mass transfer resistance provided by the ordered and interconnected macropores in the support, the Pt/TiO2 nanocomposite exhibits a significantly higher carbon monoxide oxidation efficiency than that obtained with a commercial support that has a 4-fold larger specific surface area (at equivalent Pt loadings). We further demonstrate that simple changes in the post-synthesis processing can improve the properties of the material. Altering the drying technique and calcination temperature result in a substantial improvement in the specific surface area of the support material making them better than or comparable to the commercial support materials. We are able to synthesize materials with very low Pt loadings ˜0.05% (w/w). The nanocomposites are tested for CO oxidation and NOx reduction reactions. A comparison of the catalytic activity of Pt/ZrO2/TiO2 with Pt/TiO2 and Pt/ZrO2 showed that Pt/ZrO2 is most effect of the supports for NOx reduction reaction. This simple templated synthesis strategy for creating highly ordered composites has wide applications beyond the one reported here, including photocatalysis, photonic crystals, sensors and solar cells assemblies.

Sarkar, Jayashri

181

Your Child's Development 12 to 15 Months  

MedlinePLUS

... your child learning from watching you? 12 to 15 Months As you use this resource, remember that ... support and guidance. Your Child’s Development 12 to 15 Months Every child is born with his own ...

182

Electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon as electrocatalyst and Pt catalyst support.  

PubMed

The electrochemical properties of boron-doped ordered mesoporous carbon (BOMC) as an electrode material and Pt catalyst support were investigated. The BOMC was synthesized and its structure was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). More defective sites were introduced into OMC by the doping of boron. Six electroactive compounds were employed to investigate their electrochemical responses on BOMC and OMC modified glassy carbon electrodes. The BOMC, with more defective sites, exhibited high activity toward the electroactive compounds. The property of BOMC of supporting platinum nanoparticle catalyst was examined. Pt nanoparticles were loaded onto BOMC and OMC, and this was confirmed by TEM, XPS and thermogravimetric analysis. Pt nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2.62nm were deposited on BOMC. The doping of boron into OMC facilitates the dispersion of Pt nanoparticles. Pt nanoparticles supported on BOMC (Pt-BOMC) and Pt nanoparticles supported on OMC (Pt-OMC) were electrochemically characterized. The electrocatalytic activity of Pt-BOMC toward methanol oxidation reaction was compared with that of Pt-OMC and commercial Pt-C catalyst. The results show that the electrocatalytic activity of BOMC is significantly higher than that of other used catalysts. PMID:24910045

Nsabimana, Anaclet; Bo, Xiangjie; Zhang, Yufan; Li, Mian; Han, Ce; Guo, Liping

2014-08-15

183

The Correctional Orientation of "Child Savers": Support for Rehabilitation and Custody among Juvenile Correctional Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have explored levels and sources of support for rehabilitation and custody among correctional workers. However, the vast majority of this type of research has been conducted in adult facilities, and there are few existing studies that use samples of juvenile correctional workers. To help address this gap in the literature, we use a…

Blevins, Kristie R.; Cullen, Francis T.; Sundt, Jody L.

2007-01-01

184

Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

2010-01-01

185

Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

Wood, James

2011-01-01

186

Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

2010-01-01

187

Exploring the Relations among the Nature of the Abuse, Perceived Parental Support, and Child's Self-Concept and Trauma Symptoms among Sexually Abused Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined two resiliency factors: self-concept and perceived parental support, in conjunction with abuse factors that impact psychological functioning. Data were collected on 61 sexually abused children prior to treatment. Findings indicate that a child's self-concept was associated with all the trauma symptoms except sexual concerns and…

Reyes, Carla J.

2008-01-01

188

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Nonmarital and Marital Births: Does It Differ by Racial and Age Groups? JCPR Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 1979-98 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this paper investigated the effect of child support enforcement on marital and nonmarital births, noting differences by age and race. The study examined 4,715 women who were followed from 1979 to their first birth or to 1998. Data also came from various years of the…

Huang, Chien-Chung

189

Learner pregnancy – perceptions on its prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) being the possible cause in South African secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate among learners. It is therefore

Matsidiso Nehemia Naong

2011-01-01

190

Crisis, Acceptance, and Advocacy: A Supportive Guide for Parents of Trans and Gender-Nonconforming Youth--A Review of "The Transgender Child"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first nonpathologizing book for parents on trans and gender-nonconforming young people, Stephanie Brill and Rachel Pepper's "The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals", urges unconditional love and acceptance of both trans youth and gender-nonconforming children. The authors encourage parents not only to support their…

Wyss, Shannon E.

2013-01-01

191

Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

2011-01-01

192

Poor Dads Who Don't Pay Child Support: Deadbeats or Disadvantaged? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-30. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief uses 1997 National Survey of America's Families data to examine characteristics of poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support. Overall, poor fathers resemble poor mothers in educational levels and barriers to employment. Of the 2.5 million poor, nonresident fathers who do not pay child support, the two largest groups are…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

193

Structural influence of ordered mesoporous carbon supports for the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide to alcohols.  

PubMed

A series of ordered mesoporous carbon materials (OMCs) possessing well-ordered nanoporosity with different mesopore structures were synthesized by the template-synthesis route. Two different pore strucutes (2-dimensional hexagonal and 3-dimensional cubic structures) and two different framework-configurations (rod-type and hollow-type carbon frameworks) are prepared by using the two different silica templates and synthetic conditions. The ordered mesoporous carbon supported promoted-rhodium catalysts were preparted by an incipient wetness method. The promoted Rh-OMC catalysts are tested by a fixed bed reactor for the catalytic conversion of syngas-to-alcohols. The characteristics of the promoted Rh-OMCs catalysts were scrutinized through a series of different techniques, including transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and N2 sorption analysis, and the catalytic performance was tested in a fixed-bed reactor. It was found that the promoted Rh-OMC catalysts exhibited the different catalytic activity and selectivity of alcohols, which could be attributed to the size of metal nanoparticles being confined by the different mesostructure of OMCs. PMID:24245283

Kim, Min-Ji; Chae, Ho-Jeong; Ha, Kyoung Su; Jeong, Kwang-Eun; Kim, Chul-Ung; Jeong, Soon-Yong; Kim, Tae-Wan

2013-11-01

194

Child Care Center Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose. To provide policy and guidance for the operation of all child care programs in order to ensure a healthy, safe environment and to promote quality child care on naval installations. Summary of Revisions: (a) Provides guidance in developing program...

1984-01-01

195

High-performance titanium dioxide photocatalyst on ordered mesoporous carbon support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anatase TiO 2 photocatalysts supported with the ordered mesoporous carbon, CMK-3, were synthesized by the incorporation of TiO 2 into CMK-3 followed by heating at 700 °C. The structural properties of the TiO 2 on CMK-3 were investigated by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen physisorption and electron microscopy techniques. In particular, TiO 2 was observed both inside and the external surface of CMK-3. The photocatalytic activity of TiO 2 on CMK-3 under UV-light exhibited higher efficiency in removing the Rhodamine 6G dye solution than the commercial photocatalyst P25 and TiO 2 on activated carbon. It was attributed to the synergistic effect of large surface area adsorption provided by mesoporous CMK-3 and the distinctive location of TiO 2 on the external surface of CMK-3.

Park, In-Soo; Choi, Sun Young; Ha, Jeong Sook

2008-05-01

196

Clinical decision support for atypical orders: detection and warning of atypical medication orders submitted to a computerized provider order entry system.  

PubMed

The specificity of medication-related alerts must be improved to overcome the pernicious effects of alert fatigue. A systematic comparison of new drug orders to historical orders could improve alert specificity and relevance. Using historical order data from a computerized provider order entry system, we alerted physicians to atypical orders during the prescribing of five medications: calcium, clopidogrel, heparin, magnesium, and potassium. The percentage of atypical orders placed for these five medications decreased during the 92 days the alerts were active when compared to the same period in the previous year (from 0.81% to 0.53%; p=0.015). Some atypical orders were appropriate. Fifty of the 68 atypical order alerts were over-ridden (74%). However, the over-ride rate is misleading because 28 of the atypical medication orders (41%) were changed. Atypical order alerts were relatively few, identified problems with frequencies as well as doses, and had a higher specificity than dose check alerts. PMID:24253195

Woods, Allie D; Mulherin, David P; Flynn, Allen J; Stevenson, James G; Zimmerman, Christopher R; Chaffee, Bruce W

2014-05-01

197

This Will Be Her Last Day: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families as They Transition Out of Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ZERO TO THREE's 2009 parent survey, "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today," revealed that 25% of all parents surveyed had experienced child care-related hardships as a result of the recent economic downturn. The result is a significant number of children who are experiencing changes in their child care arrangements. Transitions into, and out of,…

Parlakian, Rebecca; Adams, Emily

2010-01-01

198

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

199

Preventing Child Maltreatment and Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy and the early years of the child’s life offer an opportune time to prevent a host of adverse maternal and child outcomes that are important in their own right, but that also have significant implications for the development of criminal behaviour. This paper summarizes a 30-year programme of research that has attempted to improve the health and development of mothers and infants and their future life prospects with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. The programme, known today as the Nurse-Family Partnership, is designed for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births. The home visiting nurses have three major goals: to improve the outcomes of pregnancy by helping women improve their prenatal health; to improve the child’s health and development by helping parents provide more sensitive and competent care of the child; and to improve parental life-course by helping parents plan future pregnancies, complete their educations, and find work. Given consistent effects on prenatal health behaviours, parental care of the child, child abuse and neglect, child health and development, maternal life-course, and criminal involvement of the mothers and children, the programme is now being offered for public investment throughout the United States, where careful attention is being given to ensuring that the programme is being conducted in accordance with the programme model tested in the randomized trials. The programme also is being adapted, developed, and tested in five countries outside of the US: the Netherlands, Germany, England, Australia, and Canada, where programmatic adjustments are being made to accommodate different populations served and health and human service contexts. We believe it is important to test this programme in randomized controlled trials in these new settings before it is offered for public investment.

OLDS, DAVID L.

2010-01-01

200

Going-to-scale with the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program: use of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) system to optimize fidelity, participation and child outcomes.  

PubMed

The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

Bloomquist, Michael L; August, Gerald J; Lee, Susanne S; Lee, Chih-Yuan S; Realmuto, George M; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

2013-06-01

201

77 FR 27108 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-05-08

202

Cardiac Health Diagnosis Using Higher Order Spectra and Support Vector Machine  

PubMed Central

The Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an important bio-signal representing the sum total of millions of cardiac cell depolarization potentials. It contains important insight into the state of health and nature of the disease afflicting the heart. Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to the regulation of the sinoatrial node, the natural pacemaker of the heart by the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. The HRV signal can be used as a base signal to observe the heart's functioning. These signals are non-linear and non-stationary in nature. So, higher order spectral (HOS) analysis, which is more suitable for non-linear systems and is robust to noise, was used. An automated intelligent system for the identification of cardiac health is very useful in healthcare technology. In this work, we have extracted seven features from the heart rate signals using HOS and fed them to a support vector machine (SVM) for classification. Our performance evaluation protocol uses 330 subjects consisting of five different kinds of cardiac disease conditions. We demonstrate a sensitivity of 90% for the classifier with a specificity of 87.93%. Our system is ready to run on larger data sets.

Chua, Chua Kuang; Chandran, Vinod; Acharya, Rajendra U; Min, Lim Choo

2009-01-01

203

To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

Clifton P. Flynn

1998-01-01

204

The Quality of Spousal Social Support as a Moderator of the Associations Between Child Maltreatment Severity and Adult Trauma Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment has been linked to a myriad of long-term difficulties, including trauma symptomatology. However, not all victims experience long-term distress. Thus, a burgeoning area of research focuses on factors that may impede or facilitate resiliency to the psychological correlates of child maltreatment. Specifically, the severity of the abusive acts may be associated with greater long-term difficulties. To date, however,

Sarah E Evans

2010-01-01

205

Parental Kidnaping and Child Support. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Problems of Domestic and International Kidnaping and Child Support Enforcement (July 19, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Senate hearing on parental kidnapping and child support. Opening statements are included from Senators Arlen Specter and Mich McConnell. Rebecca Hickman testifies about her experience when her daughter was abducted by the noncustodial father and taken to Iran. Hickman asks…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

206

Coupling clinical decision support system with computerized prescriber order entry and their dynamic plugging in the medical workflow system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work deals with coupling Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) with Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE) and their dynamic plugging in the medical Workflow Management System (WfMS). First, in this paper we argue some existing CDSS representative of the state of the art in order to emphasize their inability to deal with coupling with CPOE and medical WfMS. The multiagent

Lotfi Bouzguenda; Manel Turki

2012-01-01

207

Child Abuse: The Hidden Bruises  

MedlinePLUS

... Adolescent Psychiatrist See also: Your Child (1998 Harper Collins) / Your Adolescent (1999 Harper Collins) Click here to order Your Child from Harper Collins Click here to order Your Adolescent from Harper ...

208

Prader-Willi Syndrome: Parent Perceptions of School, Professional, Social, and Informational Support, and Relations between Support, Child Behavior, and Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder that adversely impacts child development and health conditions, and is often associated with significant behavioral challenges. In particular, children with PWS typically exhibit extremely high levels of maladaptive behavior (e.g., excessive food seeking, hording, and binging; temper tantrums;…

Lowe-Greenlee, Barbara

2010-01-01

209

Role of support-nanoalloy interactions in the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering for tuning catalytic sites  

SciTech Connect

The understanding of the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering in supported nanosized alloy particles is fundamental for achieving active catalysts by design. This report shows how such knowledge can be obtained by a combination of techniques including x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and synchrotron radiation based x-ray fine structure absorption spectroscopy and high-energy x-ray diffraction coupled to atomic pair distribution function analysis, and how the support-nanoalloy interaction influences the catalytic activity of a ternary nanoalloy (platinum-nickel-cobalt) particles on three different supports: carbon, silica and titania. The reaction of carbon monoxide with oxygen is employed as a probe of the catalytic activity. This ternary composition, in combination with the different support materials, is demonstrated to be capable of fine-tuning the catalytic activity and stability. The support-nanoalloy interaction is shown to influence structural and chemical ordering in the nanoparticles, leading to support-tunable active sites on the nanoalloys for oxygen activation in the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide. A nickel/cobalt-tuned catalytic site on the surface of nanoalloy was revealed for oxygen activation, which differs from the traditional oxygen-activation sites known for oxide-supported noble metal catalysts. The discovery of such support-nanoalloy interaction enabled oxygen-activation sites introduces a very promising strategy for designing active catalysts in heterogeneous catalysis.

Yang, Lefu; Shan, Shiyao; Loukrakpam, Rameshwori; Petkov, Valeri; Ren, Yang; Wanjala, Bridgid N.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Luo, Jin; Yin, Jun; Chen, Yongsheng; Zhong, Chuan-Jian

2012-09-12

210

The Role of Child Care Providers in Child Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care providers are likely to be the professionals who most frequently interact with families with young children. Thus, infant and toddler child care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize and respond to families' needs for information and support. This article describes knowledge, skills, and strategies that support child care…

Seibel, Nancy L.; Gillespie, Linda G.; Temple, Tabitha

2008-01-01

211

75 FR 62449 - Child Health Day, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8578 of October 4, 2010 Child Health Day, 2010 By the President of...safe and healthy environments. On Child Health Day, we reaffirm the critical...legislation, which supports maternal and child health programs and services across...

2010-10-12

212

77 FR 49849 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Office of Child Support...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Office of Child...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer-matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer- matching program that we are...

2012-08-17

213

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Application of an Empirically Supported Treatment to Maltreated Children in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the more serious problems faced by child welfare services involves the management of children with serious behavioral and mental health problems. Aggressive and defiant foster children are more likely to have multiple foster care placements, require extraordinary social services resources, and have poor short- and long-term mental health…

Timmer, Susan G.; Urquiza, Anthony J.; Herschell, Amy D.; McGrath, Jean M.; Zebell, Nancy M.; Porter, Alissa L.; Vargas, Eric C.

2006-01-01

214

Collaborative Research and Development (CR&D). Delivery Order 0053: Multiscale Modeling Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research in support of the Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate was conducted at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. Multi-scale modeling was carried out to study mechanical, thermal and interfacial properties of multifunctio...

S. S. Patnaik

2008-01-01

215

Sex bias in child therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggests child therapy as an additional area for studying sexual bias in actual therapeutic practice, in response to recommendations by P. A. Maffeo . Data on 477 children seen in therapy support the need for child studies.

Edda I. Schweid

1980-01-01

216

Educational Outcomes of Children on Guardianship or Custody Orders: A Pilot Study. Child Welfare Series. Number 42  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a snapshot of the academic performance, as assessed by literacy and numeracy test scores, of children on guardianship or custody orders in 2003. The educational performance of these children are compared with all children sitting these tests, and differences in academic performance between particular subgroups of children on…

Hunter, Nicole; Mathur, Sushma

2007-01-01

217

EFFECT OF MOTHER-CHILD SEPARATION AND BIRTH ORDER ON YOUNG CHILDREN’S RESPONSES TO TWO POTENTIALLY STRESSFUL EXPERIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 EXPERIMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF SEPARATION FROM MOTHER AND BIRTH ORDER ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN’S RESPONSES TO STRESS. THE 2 POTENTIALLY STRESSFUL SITUATIONS WERE ROUTINE ADMISSION PROCEDURES AND ANESTHESIA INDUCTION. SEPARATION FROM MOTHER WAS NOT SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO CHILDREN’S RESPONSES TO ADMISSION PROCEDURES, BUT DID APPEAR TO MAKE ANESTHESIA INDUCTION MORE DISTRESSING, ESPECIALLY DURING THE PERIOD

DAVID T. VERNON; JEANNE M. FOLEY; JEROME L. SCHULMAN

1967-01-01

218

3 CFR 13605 - Executive Order 13605 of April 13, 2012. Supporting Safe and Responsible Development of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources 13605 Order 13605...Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources By the authority...development of unconventional domestic natural gas resources and associated...

2013-01-01

219

Task Orders Awarded by the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence in Support of the Coalition Provisional Authority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As of May 31, 2004, the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) had awarded task orders valued at $481.2 million supporting the reconstruction of Iraq. AFCEE made these awards at the request of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). Cont...

D. Griffin D. Wilcox G. P. Montoya J. E. Betar M. J. Roark

2004-01-01

220

On Being Bottom of the Pecking Order: Beginner Teachers' Perceptions and Experiences of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a large-scale, longitudinal study of teachers' experiences of initial teacher preparation and early professional development in England. Data were generated via annual surveys, in-depth interviews and email communications. The study established that beginner teachers' perceptions of the support they received…

Hobson, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

221

Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and…

McBride, Brent A.; Groves, Melissa; Barbour, Nancy; Horm, Diane; Stremmel, Andrew; Lash, Martha; Bersani, Carol; Ratekin, Cynthia; Moran, James; Elicker, James; Toussaint, Susan

2012-01-01

222

Birth order, psychological well-being, and social supports in young adults.  

PubMed

Enduring aspects of childhood family structure that reflect emotional and interpersonal ties throughout development are assumed to affect the psychological well-being and social relatedness of the mature individual. This study examined one facet of family structure--birth order--and its effects on psychological well-being (PWB) and social networks in young adult high school graduates 17 to 23 years old (N = 2886; male = 76%, female = 24%). PWB was measured as an overall score with positive feelings and negative feelings subscores. First-born males scored greater on the negative feelings subscale of PWB, and male later borns had higher total psychological well-being. No differences were found for females. First borns and later borns did not differ in positive feelings or social relatedness. Further study is needed on the relationship of birth order and social relatedness in young adults, particularly females. PMID:2769249

Fullerton, C S; Ursano, R J; Wetzler, H P; Slusarcick, A

1989-09-01

223

Maxims in Child Custody Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes six maxims which are an outgrowth of his experience as an expert witness in cases involving child custody. He emphasizes neutrality regarding the parents, in order to put the child's interests first. (Author)

Jenkins, Richard L.

1977-01-01

224

Child Sexual Abuse Victims' Perception of Paternal Support as a Significant Predictor of Coping Style and Global Self-Worth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the difference between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) victims and non-victims on measures of perceived social support, coping strategies, and global self-worth. Victims were more likely to report lower maternal support than non-victims of CSA. Results indicate that paternal support and coping strategies may be important for later…

Guelzow, Jennifer W.; Cornett, Patricia F.; Dougherty, Thomas M.

2002-01-01

225

A Lifting-Based Discrete Wavelet Transform and Discrete Wavelet Packet Processor with Support for Higher Order Wavelet Filters  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The major challenge in the wavelet transforms is that there exist different classes of wavelet filters for different kinds\\u000a of applications. In this chapter, we propose a generalized lifting-based wavelet processor that can perform various forward\\u000a and inverse Discrete Wavelet Transforms (DWTs) and Discrete Wavelet Packets (DWPs) that also supports higher order wavelet\\u000a filters. Our architecture is based on Processing

Andre Guntoro; Manfred Glesner

226

Every Child, Every Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We know more now than we ever did before about how to make every child a successful reader, write Allington and Gabriel in this research review. Yet, few students regularly receive the best reading instruction we know how to give. The authors present research supporting their recommendation that every child, every day, should (1) read something he…

Allington, Richard L.; Gabriel, Rachael E.

2012-01-01

227

Can computerized clinical decision support systems improve practitioners' diagnostic test ordering behavior? A decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Underuse and overuse of diagnostic tests have important implications for health outcomes and costs. Decision support technology purports to optimize the use of diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The objective of this review was to assess whether computerized clinical decision support systems (CCDSSs) are effective at improving ordering of tests for diagnosis, monitoring of disease, or monitoring of treatment. The outcome of interest was effect on the diagnostic test-ordering behavior of practitioners. Methods We conducted a decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid's EBM Reviews database, Inspec, and reference lists for eligible articles published up to January 2010. We included randomized controlled trials comparing the use of CCDSSs to usual practice or non-CCDSS controls in clinical care settings. Trials were eligible if at least one component of the CCDSS gave suggestions for ordering or performing a diagnostic procedure. We considered studies 'positive' if they showed a statistically significant improvement in at least 50% of test ordering outcomes. Results Thirty-five studies were identified, with significantly higher methodological quality in those published after the year 2000 (p = 0.002). Thirty-three trials reported evaluable data on diagnostic test ordering, and 55% (18/33) of CCDSSs improved testing behavior overall, including 83% (5/6) for diagnosis, 63% (5/8) for treatment monitoring, 35% (6/17) for disease monitoring, and 100% (3/3) for other purposes. Four of the systems explicitly attempted to reduce test ordering rates and all succeeded. Factors of particular interest to decision makers include costs, user satisfaction, and impact on workflow but were rarely investigated or reported. Conclusions Some CCDSSs can modify practitioner test-ordering behavior. To better inform development and implementation efforts, studies should describe in more detail potentially important factors such as system design, user interface, local context, implementation strategy, and evaluate impact on user satisfaction and workflow, costs, and unintended consequences.

2011-01-01

228

Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. Results The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula, Sipunculus nudus, is presented. All 37 genes characteristic for metazoan mtDNA were detected and are encoded on the same strand. The mitochondrial gene order (protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes) resembles that of annelids, but shows several derivations so far found only in Sipuncula. Sequence based phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein-coding genes results in significant bootstrap support for Annelida sensu lato, combining Annelida together with Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Conclusion The mitochondrial sequence data support a close relationship of Annelida and Sipuncula. Also the most parsimonious explanation of changes in gene order favours a derivation from the annelid gene order. These results complement findings from recent phylogenetic analyses of nuclear encoded genes as well as a report of a segmental neural patterning in Sipuncula.

Mwinyi, Adina; Meyer, Achim; Bleidorn, Christoph; Lieb, Bernhard; Bartolomaeus, Thomas; Podsiadlowski, Lars

2009-01-01

229

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

230

Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives  

PubMed Central

Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition.

Soderberg, Siv; Skar, Lisa

2014-01-01

231

The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

1999-01-01

232

Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

2001-12-01

233

Rural Workforce Development and Staff Support: Remodelling Service Provision for Early Intervention in Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Through professional workforce development, focused clinical placements and local consultation this innovative project aimed to develop and evaluate a best practice staff-support model by strengthening a rural—urban partnership.To sustain the impact of the program, the project incorporated multilevel interventions (developing strategic partnerships and providing support to all levels of staff from management to front-line) and included multiple components (engaging

Nick Kowalenko; Warren Bartik; Kathy Whitefield; Ann Wignall

2003-01-01

234

Child Sexual Abuse Victims' Perception of Paternal Support as a Significant Predictor of Coping Style and Global Self-Worth  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred eighty-eight female participants (44 victims and 144 non-victims of CAS) from a 4-year university were recruited. The first objective examined the difference between victims and non-victims on measures of perceived social support, coping strategies, and global self-worth. Victims were more likely to report lower maternal support than non-victims of CSA. Additionally, victims who were perpetrated by a family

Jennifer W. Guelzow; Patricia F. Cornett; Thomas M. Dougherty

2003-01-01

235

"I Made Her Realise that I Could Be There for Her, that I Could Support Her": Child Protection Practices with Women in Domestic Violence Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study that investigated child protection policies and practices, and focuses on data gathered in a child protection agency located in Quebec, Canada. This research project draws upon a qualitative case-study methodology, involving a documentary analysis of both national and local child protection policies, as…

Lapierre, Simon; Cote, Isabelle

2011-01-01

236

Order and disorder in edge-supported pure amorphous Si and pure amorphous Si on Si(001).  

SciTech Connect

We report results from an investigation into hidden anisotropy in pure fully-dense amorphous silicon. For amorphous silicon in intimate contact with a crystalline Si(001) substrate, one can reasonably expect that the interface with the substrate may impose anisotropy in the form of distorted ordering within the film. Indeed, we found four-fold periodic intensity variations, with bimodal intensity centered along the substrate c-Si < 110> directions, in the X-ray scattering from a-Si on Si(001). These well-defined intensity variations disappeared entirely in X-ray scattering from edge-supported a-Si films, where there was no detectable anisotropy.

Xie, R.; Long, G. G.; Weigand, SJ; Moss, SC; Roorda, S (X-Ray Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. of Houston); (Univ. de Montreal)

2011-07-01

237

Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

Office of Child Care, 2011

2011-01-01

238

Building Communities of Support around a Child with Special Education Needs: The Effects of Participatory Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a period of a year, formal and informal interactions among members of the community around a four-year-old girl with special education needs were focused through participatory action research (PAR). The team included parents, kindergarten teachers, an education support worker, speech-language therapist, early intervention teacher and…

Lamb, Judy

2008-01-01

239

Transactional Associations Among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of externalizing behavior, sociometric “liked most” and “liked least” nominations, and teacher

Geertje Leflot; Pol A. C. van Lier; Karine Verschueren; Patrick Onghena; Hilde Colpin

2011-01-01

240

Parental Distress, Family Conflict, and Role of Social Support for Caregivers with or without a Child with Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated perceived psychological distress and family conflict from the perspective of caregivers of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and matched comparison caregivers, as well as the role of social support. No significant differences between primary caregivers of children with SCD and comparison caregivers were found on self-reported psychological distress or family conflict. Distress in primary caregivers was

Robert B. Noll; Kathryn Vannatta; Karen A. Kalinyak; Eleanor Swiecki; Maria Garstein; W. Hobart Davies; William M. Bukowski

1994-01-01

241

Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

242

Sustainable Practices in Mentoring: Tools to Support Child Outcomes and a Mentoring Protocol in Early Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to examine 2 federally funded early literacy projects, one an Early Reading First demonstration project, the other an Early Childhood Educators Professional Development Research Study. It describes the respective professional development models that include on-site mentoring support to improve teacher quality. The article…

Zoll, Susan M.; Rosenquest, Bobbi

2011-01-01

243

Supporting Education... Building Canada: Child Poverty and Schools. Background Material for Parliamentarians and Staff. CTF Hill Day 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) is an active member of various coalitions and networks working to enhance the well-being of Canadian children and youth, including the National Alliance for Children and Youth and Campaign 2000. Among CTF's priorities is to support teachers and teachers' organizations as strong advocates for social justice,…

Canadian Teachers' Federation (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

244

Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

2011-01-01

245

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than ... or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a ...

246

Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

2012-01-01

247

Child Support Offers Some Protection against Poverty. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-10. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief relies on data from the National Survey of America's Families, a survey of 44,461 households, to examine the extent to which children receive money from and spend time with their nonresident parents. Part of the Assessing the New Federalism project, the brief also examines how much child support contributes to family income, whether…

Sorensen, Elaine; Zibman, Chava

248

Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program.

2012-01-01

249

Solid organ donation in a child after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, orthotopic heart transplantation, and ventricular assist device support.  

PubMed

Use of high-risk or marginal donors is the most viable short-term means to boost the organ supply and bridge the widening gap between the number of patients on the waiting list for organ transplantation and the insufficient numbers of organ donors. Expansion of the donor pool requires an understanding of the impact on survival likely to result from extending one or more high risk factors. Use of extended donor pool results in shorter waiting list times and limits the morbidity and mortality associated with long-term mechanical support needed to support diseased organs. In this report, we present one such example of expanding donor pool in which a pediatric patient donated a solid organ after two heart transplants and successful use of ECMO and VAD. PMID:22594304

Gupta, Punkaj; Blanco, Carlos; Madigan, Melissa; Dodgen, Andrew; Hanson, Mari; Frazier, Elizabeth A; Bhutta, Adnan T; Fiser, William P

2012-12-01

250

Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: A Study of Ethnic Identity, Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Child Characteristics, and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships among the ethnic identity, behavior problems, self-esteem, and social support of 166 ethnically\\u000a diverse pregnant and parenting adolescents, the majority of whom were African American and Hispanic American, and their infants.\\u000a Results indicated that pregnant and parenting adolescent females were experiencing nonclinical levels of behavior problems\\u000a on average and did not differ in their ratings of

Karin Sieger; Kimberly Renk

2007-01-01

251

Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support  

PubMed Central

The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs.

Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

2014-01-01

252

Solid-support Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Studies of A?40 Monomers Reveal a Structured State with Three Ordered Segments*  

PubMed Central

Alzheimer disease is associated with the pathological accumulation of amyloid-? peptide (A?) in the brain. Soluble A? oligomers formed during early aggregation process are believed to be neurotoxins and causative agents in Alzheimer disease. A? monomer is the building block for amyloid assemblies. A comprehensive understanding of the structural features of A? monomer is crucial for delineating the mechanism of A? oligomerization. Here we investigated the structures of A?40 monomer using a solid-support approach, in which A?40 monomers are tethered on the solid support via an N-terminal His tag to prevent further aggregation. EPR spectra of tethered A?40 with spin labels at 18 different positions show that A?40 monomers adopt a completely disordered structure under denaturing conditions. Under native conditions, however, EPR spectra suggest that A?40 monomers adopt both a disordered state and a structured state. The structured state of A?40 monomer has three more ordered segments at 14–18, 29–30, and 38–40. Interactions between these segments may stabilize the structured state, which likely plays an important role in A? aggregation.

Gu, Lei; Ngo, Sam; Guo, Zhefeng

2012-01-01

253

School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2009-01-01

254

"And so They Ordered Me to Kill a Person": Conceptualizing the Impacts of Child Soldiering on the Development of Moral Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 300,000 child soldiers serve in various armed groups around the world, and become directly implicated in the perpetration of kidnappings, killings, and torture. Considering that children construct moral concepts and a sense of themselves as moral beings in the context of their everyday interactions with others, the concern with how…

Wainryb, Cecilia

2011-01-01

255

Mother to Mother (M2M) Peer Support for Women in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programmes: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mother-to-Mother (M2M) or “Mentor Mother” programmes utilise HIV positive mothers to provide support and advice to HIV positive pregnant women and mothers of HIV exposed babies. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) supported a Mentor Mother programme in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2012; with programme beneficiaries observed to have far higher retention at 6–8 weeks (99% vs 50%, p<0.0005) and to have higher adherence to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, compared to those not opting in. In this study we explore how the M2M progamme may have contributed to these findings. Methods In this qualitative study we used thematic analysis of in-depth interviews (n?=?79). This study was conducted in 2 urban districts of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’s second largest city. Results Interviews were completed by 14 mentor mothers, 10 mentor mother family members, 30 beneficiaries (women enrolled both in PMTCT and M2M), 10 beneficiary family members, 5 women enrolled in PMTCT but who had declined to take part in the M2M programme and 10 health care staff members. All beneficiaries and health care staff reported that the programme had improved retention and provided rich information on how this was achieved. Additionally respondents described how the programme had helped bring about beneficial behaviour change. Conclusions M2M programmes offer great potential to empower communities affected by HIV to catalyse positive behaviour change. Our results illustrate how M2M involvement may increase retention in PMTCT programmes. Non-disclosure to one’s partner, as well as some cultural practices prevalent in Zimbabwe appear to be major barriers to participation in M2M programmes.

Shroufi, Amir; Mafara, Emma; Saint-Sauveur, Jean Francois; Taziwa, Fabian; Vinoles, Mari Carmen

2013-01-01

256

CHILD POVERTY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This briefing provides an overview of child poverty in Scotland. The different methods of measuring child poverty are outlined, and figures are provided on the numbers of children living in poverty in Scotland. The causes and effects of child poverty, and the policy responses from the Scottish and UK governments, are discussed. The briefing also highlights some of the recent

SIMON WAKEFIELD

257

Obtaining Background Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child  

MedlinePLUS

... Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child Obtaining Background Information on Your Prospective Adopted Child Email Order (Free) ... rated. Series: Factsheets for Families Author(s): Child Welfare Information Gateway Year Published: 2012 ( PDF - 470 KB) This ...

258

Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities: Statistics and Interventions  

MedlinePLUS

... and Interventions Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities 2011: Statistics and Interventions Email Order (Free) Print (PDF 354 ... data from Child Maltreatment 2011 , this summary presents statistics and information on child fatalities due to abuse ...

259

Acts of Omission: An Overview of Child Neglect  

MedlinePLUS

... of Child Neglect Email Order (Free) Print (PDF 350 KB) Share Rate This 5.0/5, 1 ... Child Welfare Information Gateway Year Published: 2012 ( PDF - 350 KB) This bulletin for child welfare professionals addresses ...

260

159 Mother-Child Discourse Surrounding a Child’s Past Behavior at 30 Months: Links to Emotional Understanding and Early Conscience Development at 36 Months  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research supports the idea that both the content and style of mother-child discourse is important in shaping a child’s early moral understanding. This study was designed to further this research by examining how the clarity, elaborativeness, and emotional content of conversations about the past related to a child’s sociomoral development. Sixty-three mother-child dyads took part in the study. When

Deborah J. Laible

2004-01-01

261

Nurturing a child's spirituality.  

PubMed

Nurturing a child's spirituality should be an integral part of holistic care. The concept of spirituality is linked to the child's cognitive, social, psycho-sexual and moral development. Knowledge of childhood spirituality can help to support children coping with traumatic life-events. The expression of beliefs and feelings that encompass spirituality can be facilitated through literature and music and through other strategies. Educators need to empower professionals to have the awareness, emotional resources and skills to ensure that they can be spiritually supportive PMID:11855469

Pfund, R

2000-01-01

262

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain but also maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents' job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

263

Baseline status of paediatric oncology in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Childhood cancer survival remains dismal in low-income [A4] countries, but initiatives for treating paediatric cancer have substantially improved care in some of these countries. The My Child Matters programme was launched to fund projects for controlling paediatric cancer in low-income and mid-income countries. We aimed to assess the baseline status of paediatric cancer in ten countries that were receiving support (Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam). [A5] Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews with clinicians, hospital managers, health officials, and others were done by a multidisciplinary public-health research company. Estimates of paediatric cancer from population-based data were used to project the number of current and future patients for comparison with survey-based data. 5-year survival was postulated on the basis of interviews with health-care professionals. Field survey data were statistically compared with demographic, health, and socioeconomic data from global health organisations. The main outcome was to assess baseline status of paediatric cancer in the countries. [A6] Findings The baseline status of paediatric oncology varied substantially between the countries. The number of patients reportedly receiving medical care (obtained from survey data [A7]) differed markedly from the number predicted by population-based incidence data. Postulated 5-year survival was directly proportional to several demographic, economic, and health indicators, and most substantially, annual government healthcare expenditure per capita [ADD DATA] [A8]. Interpretation Management of paediatric cancer and access to care are poor or deficient (ie, nonexistent, unavailable, or inconsistent access for most children with cancer [A48]) in seven of the ten countries studied, and accurate baseline data on incidence and outcome are very sparse [A10]. Alliances between public, private, and international agencies can rapidly improve the outcome of children with cancer in these countries.

Ribeiro, Raul C; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Magrath, Ian; Lemerle, Jean; Eden, Tim; Forget, Caty; Mortara, Isabel; Tabah-Fisch, Isabelle; Divino, Jose Julio; Miklavec, Thomas; Howard, Scott; Cavalli, Franco

2013-01-01

264

Marital Transitions: A Child's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on children's perspective of their parents' divorce and remarriage. Long-time effects are related more to the child's developmental status, sex, and temperament, the qualities of the home and parenting environment, and the resources and support systems available to the parents and child than they are to divorce or remarriage per…

Hetherington, E. Mavis; And Others

1989-01-01

265

Family stressors and child obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child obesity is a public health priority with numerous and complex causes. This study focuses on factors within the family, namely stressful experiences, which may be associated with child obesity. We examine data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for children in two age groups: 5–11 and 12–17years old. Results from an ordered probit

Steven Garasky; Susan D. Stewart; Craig Gundersen; Brenda J. Lohman; Joey C. Eisenmann

2009-01-01

266

45 CFR 304.22 - Federal financial participation in purchased support enforcement services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...financial participation in purchased support enforcement services. 304.22 Section 304.22 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

267

45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October 1, 1997... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

268

45 CFR 307.20 - Submittal of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.20 Section 307.20 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

269

Child physical abuse and neglect.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of child physical abuse and neglect, and describes the magnitude of the problem and the triggers and factors that place children at risk for abuse and neglect. After examining the legal and clinical definitions of child abuse and neglect, common clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies are reviewed, including the lifelong poor physical and mental health of victims and evidence-supported treatment interventions. Mandated reporting laws, and facilitating collaboration among child welfare, judicial, and health care systems are considered. Important tools and resources for addressing child maltreatment in clinical practice are discussed, and future approaches posited. PMID:24656582

Schilling, Samantha; Christian, Cindy W

2014-04-01

270

The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. Workers who compete with children in the labor market support a child labor ban, unless their own working children provide a large fraction of family income. Fertility decisions lock agents into specific political preferences, and multiple steady states can arise. The introduction of child labor laws can be

Matthias Doepke; Fabrizio Zilibotti

2005-01-01

271

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

272

Dateline Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Clinton administration's budget decisions concerning Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant; the Children's Defense Fund's support of Clinton administration policies; cuts in United Way aid to local charities; and the ineligibility of a center at which Bible stories are read to receive a Small Business…

Child Care Information Exchange, 1993

1993-01-01

273

Helping Your Preschool Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first five years of a child's life are a time of physical, emotional, and cognitive growth. The amount of support children receive during these early years can be strongly connected to the level of success they achieve later in life. Children whose families involve them in activities that allow them to wonder and experiment often take pleasure…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

274

Directions for reducing child poverty.  

PubMed

The rate of child poverty in the United States is higher now than in 1966. Children are the poorest age group and are more likely to be poor than children in other industrial economies. The level and trends in child poverty are analyzed; the major American income support policies for children, including recent reforms of Aid to Families with Dependent Children, are described; and the impact of those policies on poverty are evaluated. Alternate strategies for reducing child poverty, including an expanded Earned Income Tax Credit, child support system reforms, and a medical insurance plan, are proposed. Pragmatic, administratively feasible policies exist that can substantially reduce child poverty without significant new government spending. PMID:10296498

Plotnick, R D

1989-11-01

275

Ordering numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Khan Academy Exercise bank - Ordering numbers Students are able to use the knowledge map and progress tracking tool to record and support their learning goals. Hints are provided and supporting video tutorials are identified and linked.

Khan, Sal

2011-04-01

276

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... of falling. Your child also should not go bicycling, skateboarding, roller skating, play contact sports, or lift ... child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling out of the country. Your child may need ...

277

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

278

Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with an Intellectual Disability: The Effects of Parental Cognitions in Relation to Child Characteristics and Family Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Recent theories of stress and coping in parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) emphasize the importance of cognitive appraisals in influencing parents' levels of stress and their adaptations to difficulties presented by the children. This study investigated the relationships between parental cognitions, child

Hassall, R.; Rose, J.; McDonald, J.

2005-01-01

279

Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

Mayers, Camille M.

2006-01-01

280

Generation of High-Order Harmonic Continuum Supporting Single Attosecond Pulse in Argon Driven by Intense 7 fs Laser Pulse  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-order harmonic continuum in the cutoff is demonstrated with an argon gas cell driven by 0.4 mJ\\/7 fs (FWHM) ultrashort\\u000a intense laser pulse. We find that the spectral structure, the modulation depth and the continuum bandwidth of the high-order\\u000a harmonic spectra vary when the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of driving laser pulse is stabilized at different values. At some\\u000a CEP values,

Y. H. Zheng; H. Xiong; Y. Peng; H. Xu; X. Yang; Z. N. Zeng; X. W. Chen; R. X. Li; H. P. Zeng; Z. Z. Xu

281

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

282

Ordered mesoporous carbons (OMC) as supports of electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC): Effect of carbon precursors of OMC on DMFC performances  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the effect of graphitic character of ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) on the performances of OMC supported catalysts for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). Two OMC samples with hexagonal mesostructure were prepared from phenanthrene and sucrose by nano-replication method using mesoporous silica as a template. Structural characterizations revealed that both OMCs exhibited large BET surface area and uniform

Sang Hoon Joo; Chanho Pak; Dae Jong You; Seol-Ah Lee; Hyung Ik Lee; Ji Man Kim; Hyuk Chang; Doyoung Seung

2006-01-01

283

Maternal correlates of maternal child feeding practices: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Establishing healthy eating habits early in life is one important strategy to combat childhood obesity. Given that early maternal child feeding practices have been linked to child food intake and weight, identifying the maternal correlates of maternal child feeding practices is important in order to understand the determinants of childhood obesity; this was the overall aim of the current review. Academic databases were searched for studies examining the relationship between maternal child feeding practices and parenting, personal characteristics and psychopathology of mothers with preschoolers. Papers were limited to those published in English, between January 2000 and June 2012. Only studies with mothers of normally developing children between the ages of 2 and 6 years were included. There were no restrictions regarding the inclusion of maternal nationality or socioeconomic status (SES). Seventeen eligible studies were sourced. Information on the aim, sample, measures and findings of these was summarised into tables. The findings of this review support a relationship between maternal controlling parenting, general and eating psychopathology, and SES and maternal child feeding practices. The main methodological issues of the studies reviewed included inconsistency in measures of maternal variables across studies and cross-sectional designs. We conclude that the maternal correlates associated with maternal child feeding practices are complex, and the pathways by which maternal correlates impact these feeding practices require further investigation. PMID:22973806

McPhie, Skye; Skouteris, Helen; Daniels, Lynne; Jansen, Elena

2014-01-01

284

Propulsion and Power Rapid Response Research and Development (R&D) Support. Delivery Order 0011: Analysis of Synthetic Aviation Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall aim of this effort was to provide fit-for-purpose testing and subject matter expertise to UTC and AFRL to support the evaluation of emerging synthetic aviation fuels. The report contains information on the evaluations of various synthetic avia...

G. B. Bessee G. R. Wilson S. A. Hutzler

2011-01-01

285

Highlights from the Technical Assistance and Child Care Resources Sponsored by the Office of Child Care. Office of Child Care Pathways and Partnerships Priorities. Issue Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Child Care (OCC) administers the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program, a multibillion-dollar Federal and State partnership to support access to high-quality child care for working families. OCC helps States, Territories, and Tribes administer their CCDF programs through program support, policy guidance, technical…

Office of Child Care, 2010

2010-01-01

286

Child maltreatment and memory.  

PubMed

Exposure to childhood trauma, especially child maltreatment, has important implications for memory of emotionally distressing experiences. These implications stem from cognitive, socio-emotional, mental health, and neurobiological consequences of maltreatment and can be at least partially explained by current theories concerning the effects of childhood trauma. In this review, two main hypotheses are advanced: (a) Maltreatment in childhood is associated with especially robust memory for emotionally distressing material in many individuals, but (b) maltreatment can impair memory for such material in individuals who defensively avoid it. Support for these hypotheses comes from research on child abuse victims' memory and suggestibility regarding distressing but nonabusive events, memory for child abuse itself, and autobiographical memory. However, more direct investigations are needed to test precisely when and how childhood trauma affects memory for emotionally significant, distressing experiences. Legal implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:19575622

Goodman, Gail S; Quas, Jodi A; Ogle, Christin M

2010-01-01

287

45 CFR 307.40 - Suspension of approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.40 Section 307.40 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

288

45 CFR 307.11 - Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Functional requirements for computerized support enforcement systems in operation by October 1, 2000... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

289

Morphosyntactic annotation of CHILDES transcripts*  

PubMed Central

Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database with grammatical relations in the form of labeled dependency structures. We have produced a corpus of over 18,800 utterances (approximately 65,000 words) with manually curated gold-standard grammatical relation annotations. Using this corpus, we have developed a highly accurate data-driven parser for the English CHILDES data, which we used to automatically annotate the remainder of the English section of CHILDES. We have also extended the parser to Spanish, and are currently working on supporting more languages. The parser and the manually and automatically annotated data are freely available for research purposes.

SAGAE, KENJI; DAVIS, ERIC; LAVIE, ALON; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN; WINTNER, SHULY

2014-01-01

290

Child protection: legal and ethical obligation regarding the report of child abuse in four different countries.  

PubMed

Child protection is the duty of every single member of the society. Health professionals who work with children, such as members of dental team, are in the unique position to recognize signs of physical, sexual and emotional abuse as well as (dental) neglect. They should report any suspected case where a child is or may be in need of welfare. The professional responsibility is regulated by legal and ethical obligations. In this preliminary work the authors investigate the legal and ethical Acts, and the similarities vs. differences in obligations regarding reporting child abuse and neglect (CAN) cases in four countries: Croatia, United Kingdom, Italy and Canada. In all four countries all health professionals have a duty to report their suspicion if a child is in a harmful situation. All of them who fail to report, or even neglect or delay to report a suspicion, are liable on conviction to a pecuniary fine which varies from country to country. Depending on the country, if a professional has reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is or may be in need of protection, must report to: CAS (children's aid society), to CSS (center for social services), to police, to a Juvenile Court, or to the ombudsman. In all four countries, dentists are not asked to diagnose 'child maltreatment', but simply report the suspicion with supportive evidence. Ethical obligation comes from medical and dental ethical codes regulated by the Chamber or Council of Dentists. In all four countries legal and ethical obligations in reporting CAN are similar. Differences are related mostly to fines for nonreporting or a delay in reporting. Expanded investigation through other European countries and standard operational procedures is needed, in order to harmonize policies and guidelines for reporting CAN and maximize children protection. PMID:24776437

Cukovic-Bagic, Ivana; Welbury, Richard R; Flander, Gordana Buljan; Hatibovic-Kofman, Sahza; Nuzzolese, Emilio

2013-12-01

291

76 FR 65927 - Certification and Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determination With Respect to the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 Memorandum...Pursuant to section 404 of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA...government-supported use of child soldiers and to ensure that no...

2011-10-25

292

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's...

2013-04-01

293

20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-04-01 true When a natural child is dependent. 222.51 Section 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When a natural child is dependent. The employee's...

2013-04-01

294

Fluorescent microscopic determination of proteins in human serum with the self-ordered ring of nuclear fast red formed on the solid support of glass slides  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-ordered ring (SOR) technique based on the assembly of fluorescent molecules on the solid support of glass slides is presented for the detection of trace amount of proteins by using fluorescence microscope. At pH 6.62 and with the aid of poly(vinyl alcohol)-124 (PVA-124), a droplet of nuclear fast red (NFR) solution can form a fluorescent SOR on hydrophobic glass

Yu Chun Chen; Cheng Zhi Huang

2003-01-01

295

"They're gonna explain to us what makes a cube a cube?" Geometrical properties as contingent achievement of sequentially ordered child-centered mathematics lessons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order phenomenon that may be summarized by the aphorism that mind is in society to the extent that society is in the mind. In this study, we show, drawing on exemplifying materials from a second-grade unit on three-dimensional geometry, how mathematics manifests itself both as objective science all the while being subjectively produced. A particular three-turn interactional sequence comes to play a central role. We conclude by re-assigning a positive role to a much-maligned sequentially ordered conversational routine.

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

2012-09-01

296

Hierarchical Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the two-factor second-order structure of the Child Behavior Checklist (T. Achenbach, 1991) in a sample of 577 children with serious emotional disturbance. Results support Achenbach's proposed structure model and indicate that an overall score would be an appropriate measure of global…

Greenbaum, Paul E.; Dedrick, Robert F.

1998-01-01

297

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

298

How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?  

MedlinePLUS

... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

299

Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD)  

MedlinePLUS

... Supported Networks, Programs & Initiatives NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) Skip sharing on social ... Content The NICHD started the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), formerly the NICHD Study ...

300

Sensor-supported high resolution profiling of the excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide in low order fluvial systems.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide in a surface freshwater is a dynamic representation of the interacting biogeochemical processes that consume and produce carbon dioxide. As efflux of the excess gas represents direct linkage of the terrestrial with the atmospheric C cycle, describing this interaction is important as it allows us to identify controls on the process. Here we present an almost complete time series of excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide in a small order river system close to the terrestrial-aquatic interface for the hydrological years 2003-2008. This record would not be possible without the use of continuously logged measurement of stage height to estimate the concentration of the fluvial dissolved inorganic C (DIC) pool and pH, temperature and atmospheric pressure to speciate the DIC pool and calculate atmospheric equilibrium concentrations. Here we will explain how this time series was generated, and from the five year time series, consider some of the detail that high resolution sensor-generated profiles reveals e.g. a consistent drop in excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide prior to the commencement of rising stage height; diurnal variation excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide although temperatures are low; the response of excess partial pressure of carbon dioxide to event flow.

Waldron, Susan; Scott, Marian

2013-04-01

301

Child molesters who abduct.  

PubMed

This study examined the differences between 97 abducting and 60 nonabducting child molesters on selected typological and antisocial/criminal variables. Although the results supported one a priori hypothesis, they disconfirmed two others and yielded an unpredicted but theoretically interesting abductor covariate. Our hypothesis that child abductors would more likely be classified as "low" in their contact with children (i.e., have little or no contact with children outside of their offenses) than the nonabductors was supported. In contrast, our hypotheses that the abductors were more likely to be characterized by a history of antisocial and criminal behavior as well as a greater degree of aggression were not supported. Abductors were found to be lower in social competence than the child molesters who never abducted their victims. The results were discussed in terms of abduction as in victim control strategy that is more likely employed by offenders with poor social and interpersonal skills. The complex interrelation among social competence, weapons, and sadism for abductors and nonabductors was explored. PMID:1818619

Prentky, R A; Knight, R A; Burgess, A W; Ressler, R; Campbell, J; Lanning, K V

1991-01-01

302

Child Care Notebook. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In six sections, this child care notebook provides basic information concerning (1) child care in general; (2) day care centers; (3) family day care; (4) employers, parents, and child care; (5) school-age child care; and (6) group care for infants and toddlers. Section I focuses on types of child care programs, sources of information about child

Spedding, Polly; And Others

303

Child abuser stereotypes: consensus among clinicians.  

PubMed

This article reports the results of an investigation of nurses' stereotypes of child abusers. Ninety-four registered nurses completed a questionnaire that measured subjects' knowledge of child abuse; professional contact with perpetrators and victims of abuse; knowledge of the causes of child abuse; and child abuser stereotypes. Results reveal a consensus among the subjects as to the stereotypes associated with child abusers. This study supports the notion that nurses stereotype individuals on the basis of demographic characteristics. This study also raises questions regarding the bias that may result from the use of child abuser stereotypes. Clinical decision-making processes could become compromised if biased judgements are used in planning nursing care for clients diagnosed as child abusers. PMID:2930179

Krowchuk, H V

1989-02-01

304

Child poverty can be reduced.  

PubMed

Child poverty can be reduced by policies that help families earn more and supplement earned income with other sources of cash. A comprehensive antipoverty strategy could use a combination of these approaches. This article reviews recent U.S. experience with these broad approaches to reducing child poverty and discusses lessons from abroad for U.S. policymakers. The evidence reviewed suggests that, although policies to increase earned incomes among low-wage workers can help, these earnings gains will not be sufficient to reduce child poverty substantially. Government income support programs, tax policy, and child support payments from absent parents can be used to supplement earned incomes of poor families with children. Until recently, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was the main government assistance program for low-income families with children. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) has recently replaced AFDC. This article explains why TANF benefits are likely to be less than AFDC benefits. The article also examines the effects of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income on child poverty. The most encouraging recent development in antipoverty policy has been the decline in the federal tax burden on poor families, primarily as a result of the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), now the largest cash assistance program for families with children. In 1995, government transfer programs (including the value of cash, food, housing, medical care, and taxes) decreased child poverty by 38% (from 24.2% to 14.2% of children under 18). Child poverty may also be reduced by policies that increase contributions from absent single parents to support their children. Overall, evidence from the United States and other developed countries suggests that a variety of approaches to reducing child poverty are feasible. Implementation of effective programs will depend, however, on the nation's political willingness to devote more resources to this end. PMID:9299838

Plotnick, R D

1997-01-01

305

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2009-07-01

306

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2010-07-01

307

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2013-07-01

308

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test smoke alarms Store medicines, cleaners and other dangerous ... your home Don't leave small children unattended

309

45 CFR 303.6 - Enforcement of support obligations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Enforcement of support obligations. 303.6 Section... Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

310

45 CFR 302.85 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Mandatory computerized support enforcement system. 302.85 Section 302.85 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

311

45 CFR 307.5 - Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Mandatory computerized support enforcement systems. 307.5 Section 307.5 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

312

Mother-Child Discourse Surrounding a Child?s Past Behavior at 30 Months: Links to Emotional Understanding and Early Conscience Development at 36 Months  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research supports the idea that both the content and style of mother-child discourse is important in shaping a child's early moral understanding. This study was designed to further this research by examining how the clarity, elaborativeness, and emotional content of conversations about the past related to a child's sociomoral development.…

Laible, Deborah J.

2004-01-01

313

Child's right to special care.  

PubMed

In 1924, the League of Nations adopted the 1st international law recognizing that children have inalienable rights and are not the property of their father. The UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child emerged in 1959. 1979 was the International Year of the Child. In 1990 there was the World Summit on Children and the UN General Assembly adopted the Global Convention on the Rights of the Child. The convention included civil, economic, social, cultural, and political rights of children all of which covered survival, development, protection, and participation. At the end of 1990, 60 countries had ratified the convention, thus including it into their national legislation. Even though India had not yet endorsed the Convention by the end of 1991, it expressed its support during the 1st workshop on the Rights of the Child which focused on girls. India has a history of supporting children as evidenced by 250 central and state laws on their welfare such as child labor and child marriage laws. In 1974, India adopted the National Policy for Children followed by the establishment of the National Children's Board in 1975. The Board's activities resulted in the Integrated Child Development Services Program which continues to include nutrition, immunization, health care, preschool education, maternal education, family planning, and referral services. Despite these laws and actions, however, the Indian government has not been able to improve the status of children. For example, between 1947-88, infant mortality fell only from 100/1000 to 93/1000 live births and child mortality remained high at 33.3 in 1988 compared with 51.9 in 1971. Population growth poses the biggest problem to improving their welfare. Poverty also exacerbates their already low status. PMID:12317284

Sharma, A; Gupta, S

1991-01-01

314

Locating Child Protection in Preservice Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent report delivered by the Australian Centerer for Child Protection has highlighted the need for empirical evidence of effective pedagogies for supporting teaching and learning of child protection content in Australian teacher education programs (Arnold & Mai-Taddeo, 2007). This paper advances this call by presenting case study accounts of…

Walsh, Kerryann; Laskey, Louise; McInnes, Elspeth; Farrell, Ann; Mathews, Ben; Briggs, Freda

2011-01-01

315

Supporting Our Artistically Talented  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A talented child's motivation and artistic gift can suffer when the environment at home and at school are inadequately supportive. It's crucial, therefore, for parents and teachers to understand that any child's involvement in the arts can enhance overall success in academics and in later life. It's just as important to learn about the many ways…

Dupuis, Diane L.

2004-01-01

316

The effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry and decision support system on medication errors in the neonatal ward: experiences from an Iranian teaching hospital.  

PubMed

Medication dosing errors are frequent in neonatal wards. In an Iranian neonatal ward, a 7.5 months study was designed in three periods to compare the effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) without and with decision support functionalities in reducing non-intercepted medication dosing errors in antibiotics and anticonvulsants. Before intervention (Period 1), error rate was 53%, which did not significantly change after the implementation of CPOE without decision support (Period 2). However, errors were significantly reduced to 34% after that the decision support was added to the CPOE (Period 3; P?

Kazemi, Alireza; Ellenius, Johan; Pourasghar, Faramarz; Tofighi, Shahram; Salehi, Aref; Amanati, Ali; Fors, Uno G H

2011-02-01

317

Development of a US Child-Focused Motor Vehicle Crash Surveillance System: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Current motor vehicle crash (MVC) surveillance systems, in particular the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS), either do not contain sufficient numbers of children, or do not contain child-specific data needed to support policy and prevention efforts. The objective of this pilot study was to develop and evaluate methods that could be utilized for supplemental child-specific data collection on a sample of cases identified through the NASS-GES program. Procedures were developed to identify a sample of police accident reports (PARs) involving child occupants for supplemental collection of child-specific data via three survey modes: phone, web-based and hard-copy self administered. Contact was initiated with 650 eligible parent drivers and surveys were completed by 156 (24.0%). Response rates were highest for telephone-based surveys (41.0% of those initially contacted by phone). Surveys were completed via the web by only 6.1% of those invited to do so. Overall agreement between survey and PAR data was good to excellent. Results of this pilot study indicate that creating procedures to identify cases for supplemental child-specific data collection based on the NASS-GES system is feasible. In order to sustain a supplemental child-focused data collection system that relies on identification of cases from NASS-GES, efforts must be made to enhance contact procedures in order to optimize response rates.

Durbin, Dennis R.; Curry, Allison; Myers, Rachel K.

2011-01-01

318

Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care-Related Work Disruptions  

PubMed Central

With the passage of welfare reform, support for low-income parents to not only obtain, but maintain work has become imperative. The role of child care subsidies in supporting parents’ job tenure has received little attention in the literature. This article examines the association between receiving a child care subsidy and experiencing a child care-related work disruption using two samples and both cross-sectional and longitudinal regression models. Child care-related work disruptions are found to be less likely among subsidy recipients across samples and methods. Program implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Forry, Nicole D.; Hofferth, Sandra L.

2011-01-01

319

A Child's Garden of Law and Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-cultural study of attitudes toward the understanding of law provides a framework for examining levels of moral development of all children. Tentative optimism about the future of society is expressed. (Author/JB)

Tapp, June L.

1973-01-01

320

Considering the Consequences of Child Welfare Service Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following commentary serves as a response to the article, “That Wall is Around My Heart,” underscoring the importance of decision making in child welfare services. The commentary supports the need for child welfare systems to carefully consider the long-term consequences of various service intervention strategies. Child welfare systems must attend to both the internal external elements of safety, giving

Vincent J. Geremia

2011-01-01

321

Project CHILD: Progress in Restructuring Schools to Tap Technology's Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project CHILD is a research and development project for grades K-5, which covers reading, language arts, thinking skills, and mathematics. Project CHILD provides the model, supporting materials, and applications of technology. Three classrooms form a CHILD cluster (K-2 and 3-5); each teacher becomes a subject specialist; and the children work in…

Butzin, Sarah M.

1991-01-01

322

Child Care Helps America Work and Learn. Issue No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Child Care Helps America Work and Learn" is a new publication produced by the Child Care Bureau. This new series will highlight some of the many Recovery Act-funded child care success stories from communities across the country that illustrate how the Bureau is working toward the shared goal of supporting children and families. This issue of…

Child Care Bureau, 2010

2010-01-01

323

Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

2005-01-01

324

Correlates of Secondary Traumatic Stress in Child Protective Services Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to add to the limited research on secondary traumatic stress in child welfare by investigating correlates of secondary traumatic stress (STS) in child protective services workers. Specifically, we examined the relationship between levels of STS in CPS professionals and personal history of trauma, peer and administrative support, intent to remain employed in child welfare,

Brian E. Bride; Jenny L. Jones; Samuel A. Macmaster

2007-01-01

325

Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse: Treatment for Child Victims and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 246 child victims of extrafamilial sexual abuse (ages 2-14) investigated effectiveness of family participation in crisis counseling, individual parent/child treatment, children's treatment groups, and parent support groups. A family approach and services for parents in addition to intervention for child victims were key components in…

Grosz, Candace A.; Kempe, Ruth S.; Kelly, Michele

2000-01-01

326

The unfinished agenda in child survival.  

PubMed

10 years ago, The Lancet published a Series about child survival. In this Review, we examine progress in the past decade in child survival, with a focus on epidemiology, interventions and intervention coverage, strategies of health programmes, equity, evidence, accountability, and global leadership. Knowledge of child health epidemiology has greatly increased, and although more and better interventions are available, they still do not reach large numbers of mothers and children. Child survival should remain at the heart of global goals in the post-2015 era. Many countries are now making good progress and need the time and support required to finish the task. The global health community should show its steadfast commitment to child survival by amassing knowledge and experience as a basis for ever more effective programmes. Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. PMID:24054535

Bryce, Jennifer; Victora, Cesar G; Black, Robert E

2013-09-21

327

Intelligence, birth order, and family size.  

PubMed

The analysis of the National Child Development Study in the United Kingdom (n = 17,419) replicates some earlier findings and shows that genuine within-family data are not necessary to make the apparent birth-order effect on intelligence disappear. Birth order is not associated with intelligence in between-family data once the number of siblings is statistically controlled. The analyses support the admixture hypothesis, which avers that the apparent birth-order effect on intelligence is an artifact of family size, and cast doubt on the confluence and resource dilution models, both of which claim that birth order has a causal influence on children's cognitive development. The analyses suggest that birth order has no genuine causal effect on general intelligence. PMID:22581677

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2012-09-01

328

Infant Signs as Intervention? Promoting Symbolic Gestures for Preverbal Children in Low-Income Families Supports Responsive Parent-Child Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gestures are a natural form of communication between preverbal children and parents which support children's social and language development; however, low-income parents gesture less frequently, disadvantaging their children. In addition to pointing and waving, children are capable of learning many symbolic gestures, known as "infant signs," if…

Vallotton, Claire D.

2012-01-01

329

Comparing Parental Distress, Family Functioning, and the Role of Social Support for Caregivers With and Without a Child With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess parental distress, family functioning, and social support among parents of children with a lifetime diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ( JRA) and comparison families. Methods Parents of 64 children with JRA (64 mothers, 46 fathers) completed questionnaires and in-home interviews along with 64 matched comparison families. Average time since diagnosis for children with JRA was 70 months.

Cynthia A. Gerhardt; Kathryn Vannatta; J. Mark McKellop; Meg Zeller

2003-01-01

330

Jugando en el Pidi: Active Learning, Early Child Development and Interactive Radio Instruction. Supporting Caregivers, Parents, and Young Children. LearnTech Case Study Series, No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, Bolivia was selected as a site to pilot an interactive radio instruction (IRI) project that would provide practical support to adult caregivers and children around early childhood development. Through linkages with health and education networks, PIDI (Programa Integral de Desarrollo Infantil) provided young children under the age of six…

Bosch, Andrea; Crespo, Cecilia

331

Every Child Deserves Our Best: Recommendations from North Carolina's National Board Certified Teachers on How to Support and Staff High-Needs Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains recommendations from North Carolina's National Board Certified Teachers (NBCTs) on how to support and staff high-needs schools and solve the state's staffing problems in these schools. Beyond financial incentives, a comprehensive approach is recommended that takes into account the working conditions that North Carolina's NBCTs…

Berry, Barnett; Ferriter, Bill

2006-01-01

332

Five Steps to Choosing Summer Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Guardians » Resources » Additional Resources 5 Steps To Finding Summer Care Wednesday, March 30, 2011 - 9:36 pm | ... efforts in your community to expand and support summer child care options. For more information, contact your ...

333

Pelvic Support Problems  

MedlinePLUS

... muscle exercises called Kegel exercises. A mechanical support device called a pessary helps some women. Surgery and medicines are other treatments. NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

334

Social Capital and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines social and economic inequalities in the United Kingdom. Demonstrates how children's welfare and family functioning are crucially dependent upon locally available social support. Argues that building social capital in poor communities is more effective in promoting children's welfare than is present emphasis on formal child-protection and…

Jack, Gordon; Jordan, Bill

1999-01-01

335

Helping Your Child through Early Adolescence -- Helping Your Child Series  

MedlinePLUS

... CHILD'S ACADEMIC SUCCESS Helping Your Child Through Early Adolescence -- Helping Your Child Series PDF (1 MB) For ... Acknowledgements Tips to Help Your Child through Early Adolescence No Child Left Behind < Previous page | ^ Top ^ | Next ...

336

The addition of decision support into computerized physician order entry reduces red blood cell transfusion resource utilization in the intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) has the potential for cost containment in critically ill patients through practice standardization and elimination of unnecessary interventions. Previous study demonstrated the beneficial short-term effect of adding a decision support for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion into the hospital CPOE. We evaluated the effect of such intervention on RBC resource utilization during the two-year study period. From the institutional APACHE III database we identified 2,200 patients with anemia, but no active bleeding on admission: 1,100 during a year before and 1,100 during a year after the intervention. The mean number of RBC transfusions per patient decreased from 1.5 +/- 1.9 units to 1.3 +/- 1.8 units after the intervention (P = 0.045). RBC transfusion cost decreased from $616,442 to $556,226 after the intervention. Hospital length of stay and adjusted hospital mortality did not differ before and after protocol implementation. In conclusion, the implementation of an evidenced-based decision support system through a CPOE can decrease RBC transfusion resource utilization in critically ill patients. PMID:17236185

Fernández Pérez, Evans R; Winters, Jeffrey L; Gajic, Ognjen

2007-07-01

337

Child protection, privacy and covert video surveillance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The secret filming of parents visiting their children in hospital in order to ‘capture’ possible child abuse has aroused some controversy. The development of covert video surveillance (CVS) over the last ten years is outlined, together with its link to the Munchausen Syndrome by proxy. An attempt is made to illustrate the difficulties of fitting CVS into established child protection

Terry Thomas

1995-01-01

338

The American Child: A Cultural Studies Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased critical interest in the child as a rich and varied site of cultural inscription. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines have turned their attention to the child in order to interrogate how it comes to represent, and often codify, the prevailing ideologies of a given culture or historical period. Noting that narratives…

Levander, Caroline F., Ed.; Singley, Carol J., Ed.

339

Finding and Keeping Child Welfare Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administrators in public human services are constantly involved in the exhausting challenge of recruiting and training staff in the child welfare arena. This article describes a program that the Commonwealth of Kentucky developed in order to address the recruitment and retention issue. The Public Child Welfare Certification Program is a special multi-university preparation program designed to recruit excellent workers from

Stephen R. Fox; Viola P. Miller; Anita P. Barbee

2003-01-01

340

Child Sexual Abuse Evaluations: Adherence to Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-eight parents of children with alleged child sexual abuse (CSA) were surveyed 4 months after visiting an interdisciplinary CSA evaluation clinic in order to examine the extent to which recommendations were recalled and implemented. Of those parents for whom specific recommendations were provided, 9% recalled recommendations for medical follow-up, 79% recalled recommendations for child therapy, and 43% recalled recommendations for

Howard Dubowitz; Donna Harrington

2003-01-01

341

Multimedia Training for Child Protective Service Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protective service agencies are showing increasing interest in computer based training due to factors such as deskil-ling of worker tasks, high turnover, and court orders to improve worker performance. Recent developments in computer-based multimedia offer new potential for computer based training. This article describes a child protective services case simulation and the results of preliminary testing. Fourteen users with

Rosemary Satterwhite; Dick Schoech

1996-01-01

342

Factors associated with functioning style and coping strategies of families with a child with an autism spectrum disorder.  

PubMed

A survey of parents/caregivers of a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was conducted to examine the relationship between ASD characteristics, family functioning and coping strategies. Having a child with ASD places considerable stress on the family. Primary caregivers of a child with ASD from a regional and rural area in Victoria, Australia (N = 53) were surveyed concerning their child with ASD, family functioning (adaptability and cohesion), marital satisfaction, self-esteem and coping strategies. Results suggest that these caregivers had healthy self-esteem, although they reported somewhat lower marital happiness, family cohesion and family adaptability than did norm groups. Coping strategies were not significant predictors of these outcome variables. Results highlight the need for support programmes to target family and relationship variables as well as ASD children and their behaviours, in order to sustain the family unit and improve quality of life for parents and caregivers as well as those children. PMID:15857858

Higgins, Daryl J; Bailey, Susan R; Pearce, Julian C

2005-05-01

343

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB), NIHCD, Report to the NACHHD Council  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Development & Behavior (CDB) Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) seeks to improve the health and well-being of individuals from infancy through early adulthood by supporting research into healthy growth and development, including all aspects of child development. The study of typical child

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2009

2009-01-01

344

The effect of parent–child attachment relationships on child biopsychosocial outcomes: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial progress has been made in the conceptualization and study of attachment stability over time, and substantial evidence has accumulated on the association between attachment classification and biopsychosocial functioning (including social–emotional competence, cognition, physical health and mental health). The literature supports the intuitive belief that parent–child attachment representations affect infant and child development in a variety of domains and across

Kenna E. Ranson; Liana J. Urichuk

2008-01-01

345

Fact Sheets of Public-Private Partnerships for Child Care. The Child Care Partnership Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These fact sheets were developed as part of the Child Care Partnership Project, a multi-year technical assistance effort. The Partnership Project provides a series of technical assistance resources and materials to support the development and strengthening of public-private partnerships to improve the quality and supply of child care. The fact…

Finance Project, Washington, DC.

346

THE DIFFICULT CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

347

Keeping Your Child Active  

MedlinePLUS

... than sitting still, it’s best to limit these video games when you limit your child’s screen time. Encourage your child to dance, bowl, ... sports in real life, not just in a video game. Another way to include physical ... time is to encourage your child to be active while watching a TV show ...

348

Child Care Bulletin, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 1995 issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on child health and safety. Topics discussed include promoting health and safety in child care, and the earned income tax credit. The March-April issue focuses on school-age…

McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

1995-01-01

349

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child abuse and neglect represent complex social problems confronting our society today. From 1976, when the first national\\u000a figures for child maltreatment were generated, to the most recent period, child maltreatment reports have been increasing\\u000a steadily. In 1992, child protective service agencies received an estimated 1.9 million reports of child abuse and neglect\\u000a involving an estimated 2.9 million children. Maltreatment

Cathy Spatz Widom

350

Simple steps to equity in child survival.  

PubMed

Although the number of child deaths has declined globally over the past 20 years, many countries still lag behind their millennium development goal targets, and inequity in child health remains a pernicious problem both between and within countries. Breastfeeding is a key intervention to reduce child mortality, and in an article published in BMC Medicine, Roberts and colleagues have shown that breastfeeding interventions can have a significant role in reducing inequity in child health. With the proper attention paid to overcoming the barriers to scaling up breastfeeding interventions, deployment of effective interventions in health facilities and the community, and improvements in support for breastfeeding interventions across society, many countries that are struggling to meet their millennium development goals could make significant gains in child survival and inequity. PMID:24344755

Gilmour, Stuart; Shibuya, Kenji

2013-01-01

351

Child Labor and the Labor Supply of Other Household Members: Evidence from 1920 America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the effect of child labor on household labor supply using 1920 US Census micro data. The aim of the analysis is to understand who in the household benefits from child labor. In order to identify a source of exogenous variation in child labor I use State-specific child labor laws. I find that a rise in the proportion

Marco Manacorda

2003-01-01

352

Analysis of gene order data supports vertical inheritance of the leukotoxin operon and genome rearrangements in the 5' flanking region in genus Mannheimia  

PubMed Central

Background The Mannheimia subclades belong to the same bacterial genus, but have taken divergent paths toward their distinct lifestyles. For example, M. haemolytica + M. glucosida are potential pathogens of the respiratory tract in the mammalian suborder Ruminantia, whereas M. ruminalis, the supposed sister group, lives as a commensal in the ovine rumen. We have tested the hypothesis that vertical inheritance of the leukotoxin (lktCABD) operon has occurred from the last common ancestor of genus Mannheimia to any ancestor of the diverging subclades by exploring gene order data. Results We examined the gene order in the 5' flanking region of the leukotoxin operon and found that the 5' flanking gene strings, hslVU-lapB-artJ-lktC and xylAB-lktC, are peculiar to M. haemolytica + M. glucosida and M. granulomatis, respectively, whereas the gene string hslVU-lapB-lktC is present in M. ruminalis, the supposed sister group of M. haemolytica + M. glucosida, and in the most ancient subclade M. varigena. In M. granulomatis, we found remnants of the gene string hslVU-lapB-lktC in the xylB-lktC intergenic region. Conclusion These observations indicate that the gene string hslVU-lapB-lktC is more ancient than the hslVU-lapB-artJ-lktC and xylAB-lktC gene strings. The presence of (remnants of) the ancient gene string hslVU-lapB-lktC among any subclades within genus Mannheimia supports that it has been vertically inherited from the last common ancestor of genus Mannheimia to any ancestor of the diverging subclades, thus reaffirming the hypothesis of vertical inheritance of the leukotoxin operon. The presence of individual 5' flanking regions in M. haemolytica + M. glucosida and M. granulomatis reflects later genome rearrangements within each subclade. The evolution of the novel 5' flanking region in M. haemolytica + M. glucosida resulted in transcriptional coupling between the divergently arranged artJ and lkt promoters. We propose that the chimeric promoter have led to high level expression of the leukotoxin operon which could explain the increased potential of certain M. haemolytica + M. glucosida strains to cause a particular type of infection.

Larsen, Jesper; Kuhnert, Peter; Frey, Joachim; Christensen, Henrik; Bisgaard, Magne; Olsen, John E

2007-01-01

353

Differentials in child mortality and health care in Pakistan.  

PubMed

Differentials in child mortality are analyzed by parent's education, health care, and rural-urban residence with data on 7405 currently married women, obtained from the Pakistan Contraceptive Prevalence Survey, 1984-85. The assumption is that educated parents and fathers working in the formal sector have less risks of child mortality than illiterates and those working in the traditional sector; the findings support this assumption. Educated mothers have a greater impact on child mortality risk than educated fathers. Child mortality is highest in families where both parents are illiterates. Mothers, who are housewives or who are working in a family business, have higher child mortality risk than working mothers. Child mortality risk was reduced with a hospital delivery. Father's education and a hospital delivery only reduced risk when women were aged 35 years or less. Urban educated mothers with a hospital delivery had a lower risk of child mortality than mothers with no education. Residence was not a significant factor, when hospital delivery was controlled for younger mothers. Older mothers with a hospital delivery had lower child mortality. Educated mothers with an immunized child had lower child mortality than mothers aged over 25 years. Father's education and immunization showed even lower mortality. Younger educated urban mothers, who immunized their child or infant, had lower child mortality than educated mothers. Rural educated mothers had lower child mortality than rural uneducated mothers, but including immunization as a factor, did not improve child survival. The use of oral rehydration therapy among urban educated mothers also reduced child mortality risk compared with other drug use. The majority of the population was rural (70%) and had the highest child mortality. Not only is child survival reflected in the maldistribution of health facilities, but in lack of access to these facilities, and low levels of literacy, poor sanitation, and low income. Improvement in living conditions in rural areas is recommended; development programs should emphasize access to health and education. PMID:12286740

Kiani, M F

1992-01-01

354

Linking water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments in order to support distinct aquatic ecosystems: Water quality guidelines for suspended particulate matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural characteristics of a catchment provide a template that controls the background rates of geomorphological processes operating within that catchment, which in-turn determines the background physico-chemical and hydro-morphological characteristics of the catchment's surface waters. Large differences in the natural characteristics of catchments (e.g. geology, topography, climate), lead to unique physico-chemical and hydro-morphological conditions that support unique freshwater communities. However, this uniqueness is not always recognised in international water quality guidelines, which often attempt to apply blanket water-quality guidelines to 'protect' a wide range of ecosystems. In this paper we investigate the natural characteristics that control background concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM - including nano-scale particles to sand-sized sediments), which is a well-known cause of ecological degradation. At present, the management of SPM is hampered by a lack of understanding of the SPM conditions that water quality managers should aim to achieve in contrasting environments in order to support good ecological status. To address this, in this paper we examine the SPM preferences of contrasting biological communities that are in reference condition (minimal anthropogenic disturbance and high ecological status). We analyse historical SPM data collected on a monthly basis from a wide range of reference-condition temperate environments (638 stream/river sites comprising 42 different biological community-types). This analysis reveals that there are statistically significant differences (One-way ANOVA p < 0.001) between the background SPM concentrations observed in contrasting communities that are in reference condition. Mean background SPM concentrations for contrasting communities ranged from 1.7 to 26.2 mg L-1 (i.e. more than a 15-fold difference). We propose a model for predicting environment-specific water quality guidelines for SPM. In order to develop this model, the 638 reference-condition sites were first classified into one of five mean background SPM ranges (0.00-5.99, 6.00-11.99, 12.00-17.99, 18.00-23.99 and >24.00 mg L-1). Stepwise Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA) of these ranges showed that a site's SPM range can be predicted as a function of: mean annual air temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean altitude of upstream catchment, distance from source, slope to source, channel width and depth, the percentage of catchment area comprised of clay, chalk, and hard rock solid geology, and the percentage of the catchment area comprised of blown sand/landslide material as the surface (drift) material. Although the model is still being improved and developed, this research highlights the need to link water quality guidelines to the natural characteristics of catchments and the physico-chemical preferences of the biological communities that would naturally inhabit them.

Bilotta, G. S.; Grove, M. K.; Harrison, C.; Joyce, C. B.; Peacock, C.

2012-12-01

355

45 CFR 307.35 - Federal financial participation at the applicable matching rate for computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...applicable matching rate for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.35 Section 307.35 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

356

45 CFR 307.25 - Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Review and certification of computerized support enforcement systems. 307.25 Section 307.25 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

357

45 CFR 307.15 - Approval of advance planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...planning documents for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.15 Section 307.15 Public...to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2009-10-01

358

On the alert: future priorities for alerts in clinical decision support for computerized physician order entry identified from a European workshop  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical decision support (CDS) for electronic prescribing systems (computerized physician order entry) should help prescribers in the safe and rational use of medicines. However, the best ways to alert users to unsafe or irrational prescribing are uncertain. Specifically, CDS systems may generate too many alerts, producing unwelcome distractions for prescribers, or too few alerts running the risk of overlooking possible harms. Obtaining the right balance of alerting to adequately improve patient safety should be a priority. Methods A workshop funded through the European Regional Development Fund was convened by the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust to assess current knowledge on alerts in CDS and to reach a consensus on a future research agenda on this topic. Leading European researchers in CDS and alerts in electronic prescribing systems were invited to the workshop. Results We identified important knowledge gaps and suggest research priorities including (1) the need to determine the optimal sensitivity and specificity of alerts; (2) whether adaptation to the environment or characteristics of the user may improve alerts; and (3) whether modifying the timing and number of alerts will lead to improvements. We have also discussed the challenges and benefits of using naturalistic or experimental studies in the evaluation of alerts and suggested appropriate outcome measures. Conclusions We have identified critical problems in CDS, which should help to guide priorities in research to evaluate alerts. It is hoped that this will spark the next generation of novel research from which practical steps can be taken to implement changes to CDS systems that will ultimately reduce alert fatigue and improve the design of future systems.

2013-01-01

359

Orthogonal Higher Order Factor Structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales--Fifth Edition for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orthogonal higher-order factor structure of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales-Fifth Edition (SB-5; Roid, 2003a) for child and adolescent samples is reported. Multiple criteria for factor extraction unanimously supported extraction of only one dimension and a unidimensional model. However, following results from DiStefano and Dombrowski (2006)…

Canivez, Gary L.

2008-01-01

360

Parent representation model in child safety conferences.  

PubMed

Child welfare-involved parents are often isolated and lack support and skills to navigate complex systems. Programs using a parent representation service model in child protection can offer an exceptional and critical form of support and empowerment to birthparents, promote parental engagement and cooperation, and teach system navigation skills. While there is a notable emphasis on an overall family-centered and strength-based approach in child welfare, much progress is still needed in giving voice to parents, empowering them, including them in decisionmaking about the case, and seeking their cooperation. Funding should be directed to recruiting more parent representatives to assist birthparents in their communities as well to educating and training child protective services workers by transferring values and strategies implemented by parent representatives. Although additional research is certainly necessary, it appears that programs such as the Child Welfare Organizing Project in New York City may be an important step toward building partnerships with families impacted by the child welfare system in promoting child safety, well-being, and permanency. PMID:24923137

Lalayants, Marina

2013-01-01

361

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

362

In Order  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity helps students develop a sense of the relative size of quantities in the categories of temperature, speed, time duration and loudness. Learners rank their estimates of given measures in order from least to greatest and justify their decisions. Students are encouraged to do research and carry out experiments when possible. The Teachers' Notes page includes suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, and links to related activities.

2011-05-01

363

Directory of Child-to-Child Activities Worldwide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-to-Child ideas and activities represent an approach to health education. Not an alternative program but instead a component of other programs, Child-to-Child emphasizes the role of children as partners within families and communities in promoting better health practices and promotes Child-to-Child activities. This booklet describes…

Child-to-Child Trust, London (England). Inst. of Education.

364

75 FR 41140 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Child Nutrition...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request--Child Nutrition Database AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service...update and expand the Child Nutrition Database in support of the School Meals Initiative...usda.gov with, ``Vazquez/CN Database'' in the subject line. Comments...

2010-07-15

365

Surviving Your Child's Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... Credit Card Contact Us Donate Surviving Your Child's Suicide The suicide of a child of any age ... whose children have taken their own lives. After Suicide Feelings of shock, denial, guilt, anger and depression ...

366

Child Behavior Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

367

FPG Child Development Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... 2014 FPG Works to Improve Child Addiction and Mental Health Outcomes in Canada June 26, 2014 Project CONNECT ... Porter Graham Child Development Institute The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill CB 8180, ...

368

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Child Health USA 2013 This Web site has been produced as an online version of the data book, Child Health USA 2013, published by the U.S. Department of ...

369

Telepsychiatry and Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and by the American Telemedicine Association. Will my ... that there are no available child and adolescent psychiatry resources in the area, and that telepsychiatry is ...

370

Child Maltreatment, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories have mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting laws that require certain professionals and institutions to report suspected maltreatment to a child protective services (CPS) agency. Each ...

2011-01-01

371

Child Maltreatment, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories have mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting laws that require certain professionals and institutions to report suspected maltreatment to a child protective services (CPS) agency. Each ...

2010-01-01

372

Birth Order and Psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Context: Ordinal position the child holds within the sibling ranking of a family is related to intellectual functioning, personality, behavior, and development of psychopathology. Aim: To study the association between birth order and development of psychopathology in patients attending psychiatry services in a teaching hospital. Settings and Design: Hospital-based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Retrospective file review of three groups of patients was carried out. Patient-related variables like age of onset, birth order, family type, and family history of mental illness were compared with psychiatry diagnosis (ICD-10) generated. Statistical Analysis: SPSS 13; descriptive statistics and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used. Results: Mean age of onset of mental illness among the adult general psychiatry patients (group I, n = 527) was found to be 33.01 ± 15.073, while it was 11.68 ± 4.764 among the child cases (group II, n = 47) and 26.74 ± 7.529 among substance abuse cases (group III, n = 110). Among group I patients, commonest diagnosis was depression followed by anxiety and somatoform disorders irrespective of birth order. Dissociative disorders were most prevalent in the first born child (36.7%) among group II patients. Among group III patients, alcohol dependence was maximum diagnosis in all birth orders. Conclusions: Depression and alcohol dependence was the commonest diagnosis in adult group irrespective of birth order.

Risal, Ajay; Tharoor, Hema

2012-01-01

373

Leaderless Support Groups in Child Protective Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leaderless group can be invaluable as an aid to the supervisor with the task of sustaining protective service personnel. The success of such a group may be contingent on the participation of mature, highly motivated individuals who have already developed some trust in one another. (Author)

Bandoli, Larry R.

1977-01-01

374

Mother-Child Planning and Child Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated child compliance and maternal instruction during planning. Based on the Child Behavior Checklist and free-play observations, 40 mothers and their 4- to 5-year-old children were assigned to a group with children who behaved within the normal range of compliance (n = 20) or a group with children with high rates of…

Gauvain, Mary; Perez, Susan M.

2008-01-01

375

Child-to-Child programme in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Even though Malaysia is a relatively prosperous country amongst the developing nations, it is still be set by problems of a rapidly increasing population. The economic cake is also unevenly distributed and there are pockets of poverty in the slums surrounding the towns as well as in the rural areas. Added to that is the problem of ignorance and superstition especially amongst its adult population. It is due to these problems that the Child-to-Child programme has found special application in Malaysia. The Child-to-Child has been introduced through either the government agencies or the voluntary organizations. Through the Ministry of Education, the concept has found its ways through the schools and the state department of education. The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has also introduced the concept of Child-to-Child in the media. The voluntary organizations have also introduced the concept of Child-to-Child in their projects. The Sang Kancil project has to some extent used the idea in the running of its activities. The Health and Nutrition Education House have found that by applying the concept and using older children to help in running its activities, its over all objective which is the improvement of the health of the children in the slums could be reached more easily. PMID:7163857

Kasim, M S; Abraham, S

1982-09-01

376

Holocaust Child Survivors and Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a qualitative analysis of child survivors of the Holocaust who were sexually abused during World War II. The research study aimed to give this specific group of survivors a voice and to explore the impact of multiple extreme traumas, the Holocaust and childhood sexual abuse, on the survivors. Twenty-two child survivors of the…

Lev-Wiesel, Rachel; Amir, Marianne

2005-01-01

377

Child Poverty and Changes in Child Poverty  

PubMed Central

This article offers a cross-country overview of child poverty, changes in child poverty, and the impact of public policy in North America and Europe. Levels and changes in child poverty rates in 12 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries during the 1990s are documented using data from the Luxembourg Income Study project, and a decomposition analysis is used to uncover the relative role of demographic factors, labor markets, and income transfers from the state in determining the magnitude and direction of the changes. Child poverty rates fell noticeably in only three countries and rose in three others. In no country were demographic factors a force for higher child poverty rates, but these factors were also limited in their ability to cushion children from adverse shocks originating in the labor market or the government sector. Increases in the labor market engagement of mothers consistently lowered child poverty rates, while decreases in the employment rates and earnings of fathers were a force for higher rates. Finally, there is no single road to lower child poverty rates. Reforms to income transfers intended to increase labor supply may or may not end up lowering the child poverty rate.

CHEN, WEN-HAO; CORAK, MILES

2008-01-01

378

Supporting the Supporter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stacy Kane Greenzeig knows that being the parent of a child with special needs is a difficult, time consuming, emotionally draining, and a selfless job. As the mother of a son with disabilities, she has faced the challenges first hand and learned quickly that researching treatments, visiting doctors' offices, and working to help her child in any…

Apel, Laura

2008-01-01

379

More than a work support?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, policymakers have become increasingly concerned about the development of low-income children, as well as about helping low-income parents work. Yet, all too often, child development and parental work goals are seen as separate. As a result, key parental work support services that affect children (such as child care subsidies) have not had a sustained focus on

Gina Adams; Monica Rohacek

2002-01-01

380

Is Child Labor Inefficient?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We build a model of child labor and study its implications for welfare. We assume that there is a trade-off between child labor and the accumulation of human capital. Even if parents are altruistic and child labor is socially inefficient, it may arise in equilibrium because parents fail to fully internalize its negative effects. This occurs when bequests are zero

Jean-Marie Baland; James A. Robinson

2000-01-01

381

Child Care Bulletin, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of six issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on infants and toddlers in child care. Topics discussed include caring for infants with special needs, designing quality group care environments, Early Head Start programs, and…

McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

1996-01-01

382

The girl child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health of the girl child is a concern for obstetrician-gynecologists. Pediatric gynecologic conditions deserve special attention. The obstetric performance of the adult woman depends in large part on the health and healthcare of the girl child. Gender discrimination against the girl child violates her human rights and adversely impacts on her health and her life. The profession has a

M. F Fathalla

2000-01-01

383

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

384

Nurturing the child's creativity.  

PubMed

A much neglected but vital aspect of a child's development, creativity; needs to be vigorously promoted. India's child survival strategy has focused on immunization, oral rehydration, education, and limiting family size. No policy exists, however, that seeks to nurture a child's curiosity, joy and hopefulness. Many people place art and science in separate realms, not realizing that both depend on the unhindered flow of imagination. India's educational system emphasizes practical and utilitarian knowledge. This systems stresses the accumulation of information, academic performance, and competition. A child acquired value according to how well he or she performs in an exam, a fact that can have only a negative impact on the child's psyche. At home, parents push a child to achieve results, discouraging curiosity in the process. All of these tendencies serve to stifle the creative impulses of the child, making him or her apathetic or frustrated. Society needs to recognize that every child is a gifted child, one who has the inalienable right to explore, seek information, and use his or her imagination. Parents, schools, and the country as a whole need to foster such creativity. Stories, songs, poems, parables--all of these can stimulate a child's imagination. Parents should encourage a child to read for fun, and should help the child differentiate between good literature and mediocre writing, between the aesthetic and the gaudy. Parents should invite children to talk about their feelings and thoughts and should share their own. PMID:12317288

Anandalakshmy, S

1991-01-01

385

[Autism and child protection].  

PubMed

The fostering of an autistic child deemed to be a child at risk leads one to question one's professional practices. In a children's home, an approach guided by psychoanalysis can recognise the benefits of behavioural or cognitive approaches. The aim of the professional's particular educational position is therefore to construct a relationship with each child. PMID:24617091

Coron, Guillaume

2014-01-01

386

Mother-Child Bonding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the nature of mother-child bonding from the prenatal stage through early infancy, discussing how the mother's actions, even before birth, stimulate her child's senses. Explains the crucial role that physical contact, breastfeeding, and visual stimuli have on mother-child bonding in human and animal newborns. (MDM)

Pearce, Joseph Chilton

1994-01-01

387

Family Welfare Reform Act. Hearings on H.R. 1720 To Replace the Existing AFDC Program with a New Family Support Program...before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (March 30; April 1, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings concern proposed legislation to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a new family support program. The new program would emphasize work, child support, and need-based family support supplements. Families would be assisted in obtaining education, training, and employment in order to avoid long-term dependence…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

388

Birth order, development and personality.  

PubMed

First borns tend to be different, some of the time, than children born into the other birth orders. This seems due to parental treatment. Parents are often overly anxious about their first child, and may be more restrictive with the first child than with later children. It may be that this is especially true if the first child is female, given the tendency of parents to be more protective of females than of males. Also, the first child has more time alone with the parents than subsequent children, by virtue of having no siblings until the second child is born. From the above factors, it appears that first borns grow up more fearful than later born children but also more intellectually oriented. These are only tendencies and would not be absolutely true in every instance. But, the birth order does seem to initiate a tendency for things to be as stated. As a result, first borns achieve much more than the other birth orders, perhaps due to early adult-oriented styles learned when they had only the parents and no other siblings. If this speculation is correct, the same finding should hold for only children as well. The greater anxiety, achievement, and creativity of some first borns means their lives may be very different as a result of having been the first born child in the family. PMID:1310365

Eisenman, R

1992-01-01

389

The Federal Response to Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing the problem of child maltreatment is a high priority for the Clinton administration. Guided by the principles of safety, permanency, and the child’s well-being, the Administration on Children and Families (ACF) has made great strides in improving the lives of maltreated children. Critical programs administered by ACF include the Adoption and Safe Families Act, Community-Based Family Resource and Support

Olivia Golden

2000-01-01

390

Crafting a federal legislative framework for child welfare reform.  

PubMed

The nature and scope of the problems plaguing child welfare systems across the country make federal solutions especially urgent. A decade after enactment of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act (PL 96-272), legislation is pending that builds on its framework to enhance services and supports for vulnerable children and their families. The legislation reflects a growing consensus about the nature of the child welfare crisis and about the reform strategies that will be effective. PMID:1746640

Allen, M

1991-10-01

391

The adult who is an only child: achieving separation or individuation.  

PubMed

60 women and 60 men between the ages of 18 and 45 years (M = 30.5, SD = 9.6) were categorized by sex, age, and birth order (only child, firstborn, lastborn) to assess the differences among the adult only-child, the youngest child, and the oldest child in autonomous characteristics and cohesiveness in family interaction. Analysis of the responses on a biographical data sheet, the California Psychological Inventory, and the Family Adaptability Cohesion Scales III showed that main effects for birth order and sex are significant in the process of separation-individuation and that the only child is less autonomous than the oldest child. PMID:8367556

Byrd, B; DeRosa, A P; Craig, S S

1993-08-01

392

A conceptual and methodological comparison with the field of child resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The label resilience has been used in the field of child psychology and of child development to identify the way in which children could cope with adverse events of their past, in order to live (to develop) \\

Jean-christophe LECOZE; Sophie CAPO

393

The Impact of Child Care Subsidy Use on Child Care Quality  

PubMed Central

In 2008, the federal government allotted $7 billion in child care subsidies to low-income families through the state-administered Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), now the government’s largest child care program (US DHHS, 2008). Although subsidies reduce costs for families and facilitate parental employment, it is unclear how they impact the quality of care families purchase. This study investigates the impact of government subsidization on parents’ selection of child care quality using multivariate regression and propensity score matching approaches to account for differential selection into subsidy receipt and care arrangements. Data were drawn from the Child Care Supplement to the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (CCS-FFCWS), conducted in 2002 and 2003 in 14 of the 20 FFCWS cities when focal children were 3 years old (N = 456). Our results indicate that families who used subsidies chose higher quality care than comparable mothers who did not use subsidies, but only because subsidy recipients were more likely to use center-based care. Subgroup analyses revealed that families using subsidies purchased higher-quality home-based care but lower-quality center-based care than comparable non-recipients. Findings suggest that child care subsidies may serve as more than a work support for low-income families by enhancing the quality of nonmaternal care children experience but that this effect is largely attributable to recipients’ using formal child care arrangements (versus kith and kin care) more often than non-recipients.

Ryan, Rebecca M.; Johnson, Anna; Rigby, Elizabeth; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2010-01-01

394

Exploring Parental Predictors of Child Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Child Interpretation Bias  

PubMed Central

Background Separate lines of research have shown that higher levels of parental overcontrol and parental anxiety are related to higher levels of child anxiety. The mechanisms of transmission, however, are poorly understood. Objective It has been theorized, though not empirically tested, that parental overcontrol and anxiety increase children’s interpretation bias by signaling to the child that the environment is threatening (e.g. through modeling or restriction of autonomy), thus increasing the child’s anxiety level. Methods The present study investigated this theory using 75 parent–child dyads (parents aged 27–52, 82 % female; children aged 7–12, 52 % female, 80 % Caucasian). All parents were diagnosed with a primary anxiety disorder, while no child was diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Results Children’s interpretation bias, measured using ambiguous stories, was shown to partially mediate the relation between parental overcontrol and child anxiety and completely mediate the relation between parental anxiety and child anxiety. There was no significant relation between parental overcontrol and parental anxiety. Conclusions Findings partially support theoretical models, which posit that higher levels of overcontrol and parental anxiety signal to children that their environment is threatening, perhaps increasing their threat appraisal of ambiguous situations and increasing their anxiety. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Affrunti, Nicholas W.

2013-01-01

395

45 CFR 307.30 - Federal financial participation at the 90 percent rate for statewide computerized support...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...percent rate for statewide computerized support enforcement systems. 307.30 Section 307.30 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

396

45 CFR 307.31 - Federal financial participation at the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the 80 percent rate for computerized support enforcement systems. 307.31 Section 307.31 Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN...

2013-10-01

397

Memorandum of the United States in Support of Petition for an Order to Show Cause Why Respondent Microsoft Corporation Should Not Be Found in Civil Contempt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1997 the issue of whether or not Microsoft engages in monopolistic practices again emerged. The US Justice Department filed charges against Microsoft in the District Court of the District of Columbia on October 20, 1997. Details about the filing can be found at the DOJ site. The DOJ site also provides the memorandum in support of the petition

1997-01-01

398

Child spacing and two child policy in practice in rural Vietnam: cross sectional survey.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To explore the reproductive pattern of women in rural Vietnam in relation to the existing family planning policies and laws. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey with question-naires on reproductive history. SETTING: Tien Hai, a district in Red River Delta area, where the population density is one of the highest in Vietnam. SUBJECTS: 1132 women who had at least one child under 5 years of age in April 1992. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Birth spacing and probability of having a third child. RESULTS: The mean age at first birth was 22.2 years. The average spacing between the first and the second child was 2.6 years. Mothers with a lower educational level, farmers, and women belonging to the Catholic religion had shorter spacing between the first and second child and also a higher probability of having a third child. In addition, women who had no sons or who had lost a previous child were more likely to have a third child. CONCLUSION: Most families do not adhere to the official family planning policy, which was introduced in 1988, stipulating that each couple should have a maximum of two children with 3-5 years' spacing in between. More consideration should be given to family planning needs and perceptions of the population, supporting the woman to be in control of her fertility. This may imply improved contraceptive services and better consideration of sex issues and cultural differences as well as improved social support for elderly people.

Hoa, H. T.; Toan, N. V.; Johansson, A.; Hoa, V. T.; Hojer, B.; Persson, L. A.

1996-01-01

399

Science and Child Custody Evaluations: What Qualifies as “Scientific”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to statements that child custody evaluations violate the accepted definition of science in psychology and are therefore unethical in their current form, the evolving definition of science in psychology and the position of the American Psychological Association on evidence-based practice are reviewed. This literature supports those in the child custody evaluation literature who advocate the use of disciplined

Bram Fridhandler

2008-01-01

400

Informed decisions in child welfare: The use of attachment theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to help child welfare workers better understand and utilize attachment theory in their decision making with abused and neglected children. The authors review attachment theory, research on the effects of maltreatment on attachment, and research on foster care and attachment. Guidelines and specific interventions supporting children's secure attachments during involvement with the child welfare

Ferol E. Mennen; Maura O'Keefe

2005-01-01

401

Parent and child causal attributions during clinical interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attributions made by children and their parents for the cause of the child's clinical problem were monitored during assessment interviews. Results support previously observed differences obtained through questionnaires, with parents making more attributions than their children to characteristics of the child. This pattern was affected by variations in interview format. Parents and children differed in the locus of their attributions

Bruce E. Compas; Howard S. Adelman; Pamela C. Freundl; Perry Nelson; Linda Taylor

1982-01-01

402

Parent and Child Causal Attributions during Clinical Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attributions made by 64 children (4 to 16 years old) and their parents for the cause of the child's behavior problem were monitored during assessment interviews. Results support previously observed differences with parents making more attributions than their children to characteristics of the child. This pattern was affected by variations of…

Compas, Bruce E.; And Others

1982-01-01

403

A Child Abuse Assessment Center: Alternative Investigative Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A child abuse assessment center was created in Dade County, Florida, and was funded by state and local government sources. Staff includes a project director, two clinical social workers, a follow-up case monitor, clerical support, and a psychologist. The center attempts to minimize trauma to the child victim of sexual and physical abuse by a…

Hiester, Douglas S.

404

A Program Showcase: UNH Child Study and Development Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the Child Study and Development Center (CSDC), which serves as a child development laboratory for the University of New Hampshire: a place to educate students, support research, and serve the university and local communities. The center has seven classrooms with observation booths, 122 children aged 6 weeks to 6 years in…

Kalinowski, Michael

2008-01-01

405

Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

Judd, Dorothy

406

Work-Related Trauma Effects in Child Protection Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers are exposed to a variety of workplace events that could overwhelm them. This study examined whether negative workplace events were associated with workplace trauma effects amongst child welfare workers, and considered whether job support or job satisfaction moderated the influence of events on effects. Vicarious events were more highly associated with trauma effects (r = 0.54, p

Mark J. Horwitz

2006-01-01

407

Child-Centered Play Therapy in Management of Somatoform Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Child-centered play therapy is a well recognized and research-supported form of child psychotherapy. Methods: Fifteen children in the age range of 5-11 years (eight girls and seven boys) with somatoform disorder were administered 25 sessions of non directive play therapy. Parents received 3 reflective counseling sessions. Children…

Dutta, Renuka; Mehta, Manju

2006-01-01

408

Building Capacity for Trauma Intervention across Child-Serving Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants most vulnerable to trauma are often the least able to access interventions. Universal child-serving systems, such as primary pediatrics, early care and education, and the child welfare system, can offer a port of entry for millions of children annually for trauma-related supports and services. However, practitioners in these systems have…

Chinitz, Susan; Stettler, Erin M.; Giammanco, Denise; Silverman, Marian; Briggs, Rahil D.; Loeb, Joanne

2010-01-01

409

Attitudes of the Singapore Public to Actions Suggesting Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 401 randomly sampled residents of Singapore concerning the acceptability of 18 actions that suggested child abuse found strong disapproval of sexually motivated acts, greater disapproval of physical than emotional abuse/neglect, and some opposition to mandatory reporting of child abuse. Results support the use of definitions of…

Elliott, J. M.; And Others

1997-01-01

410

Child and Parent Effects in Boys' Conduct Disorder: A Reinterpretation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates theories that explain the origins of conduct disorder and the evidence supporting them. Evidence is interpreted as demonstrating the primacy of the child's contribution to conduct disorder within a reciprocal parent-child interactive system, and thus corroborating control systems theory. Citations number 106. (RH)

Lytton, Hugh

1990-01-01

411

Child Care Center Design & the Potential of Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of layout and design of child care centers on the education of young children. It asserts that child care facilities must be designed to support and stimulate children's natural developmental processes, providing both direct and indirect educational opportunities. The paper discusses the stages of the design process…

Abbott, Carl; Abbott, Cooper

412

Conflicts and child survival.  

PubMed

An overview is provided of the gravity of the problems of trauma from conflicts and effects on the health and survival of children and the relevance for India. Article 39 of the convention of the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN General Assembly is an agreement "to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation, abuse, inhuman treatment, or armed conflicts." The World Summit expanded the provision to include protecting women and children from the effects of war and to work toward preventing future conflicts. Safe corridors must be secured in order to protect children and families from surrounding war or violence. Concern for children was first indicated in the formation of UNICEF in the aftermath of World War II. Since that time, civilians, mostly women and children, have been the dominant population suffering from the effects of war. By 1991, 80% of the 20 million killed and the 80 million wounded were women and children involved in 150 conflicts. In the recent past, the Gulf War had a disastrous impact on children. Infant mortality increased from 39/1000 to 111/1000 and low birth weight rose from 5% to 12%. Child mortality of these under 5 years increased from 48/1000 to 143/1000. Another impact of armed conflicts on children is psychological trauma and detachment from emotional ties and enjoyment, and sleeplessness. Other symptoms are described. Recent action to counteract children's trauma has been taken in Kuwait, Mozambique, and Sri Lanka. Community-based programs help to identify needy children through parent and teacher education and to offer counseling. Several manuals are available on how to help children affected by war. One strategy is the establishment of a trauma center. In the Philippines, programs have been developed to involve children in therapy through drama, painting, and dance. India has experienced severe rioting, which has left many women and children orphaned. Programs need to be developed to deal with the effects on women and children. PMID:12318361

Padmanabhan, B S

1992-01-01

413

Enhancing positive parent-child interactions and family functioning in a poverty sample: a randomized control trial.  

PubMed

This study tested the attachment-based intervention program Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) in a randomized controlled trial with poor families of toddlers screened for professional's concerns about the child's caregiving environment. The VIPP-SD is an evidence-based intervention, but has not yet been tested in the context of poverty. The sample included 43 families with 1- to 4-year-old children: mean age at the pretest was 29 months and 51% were boys. At the pretest and posttest, mother-child interactions were observed at home, and mothers reported on family functioning. The VIPP-SD proved to be effective in enhancing positive parent-child interactions and positive family relations in a severely deprived context. Results are discussed in terms of implications for support services provided to such poor families in order to reduce intergenerational risk transmission. PMID:24972101

Negrão, Mariana; Pereira, Mariana; Soares, Isabel; Mesman, Judi

2014-08-01

414

Investigation of playing with entertainment robotic pet of pre-school aged child in nursery school by video observation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate Human (pre-school aged child; 4-6 years old) - robot interaction (HRI), entertainment robotic pet; AIBO, mental commit seal robot; PARO, and communication robot; ifbot were introduced into child's playing in classroom environment of nursery school. Videotaping was carried out for behavioral analysis to observe child's playing with robot and consider child's recognition of robot. By this

Satoshi Yamamoto; Ryuhei Kimura

2007-01-01

415

Family Child Care Providers' Perspectives regarding Effective Professional Development and Their Role in the Child Care System: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines family child care providers' perspectives regarding effective professional development and their role in the early learning and care system. Four focus groups were conducted annually for 3 years involving a total of 54 licensed family child care providers. Supportive social relationships emerged as an important dimension of…

Lanigan, Jane D.

2011-01-01

416

Formerly Abducted Child Mothers in Northern Uganda: A Critique of Modern Structures for Child Protection and Reintegration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study documents and analyzes the community structures supporting reintegration of the formerly abducted child mothers (FACM) within postconflict northern Uganda. A qualitative approach assesses the relevance and effectiveness of child protection structures created by different development agencies to enhance the reintegration of FACM and protect vulnerable children more broadly. Findings suggest that the efficacy of the community-based structures to

Eric Awich Ochen; Adele D. Jones; James W. McAuley

2012-01-01

417

Death of an Adult Child  

MedlinePLUS

... com Compassionate Friends Credit Card Contact Us Donate Death of an Adult Child The death of any child, regardless of cause or age, ... the situations that may have caused their child’s death. Judgmental statements from others indicating that the child ...

418

Women's Support, Women's Work: Child Care in an Era of Deficit Reduction, Devolution, Downsizing and Deregulation = Le soutien aux femmes, le travail des femmes et la garde d'enfants a l'ere de la reduction du deficit, du transfert des responsabilites, de la reduction de la taille de l'Etat et de la dereglementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the multiplicity of objectives that high quality child care can meet is the pivotal goal of promoting equality for women. Child care has consequences for women both as mothers and as providers of care for other people's children. Thus, women have a powerful stake in child care policy. Canada has no national child care policy, and its child

Doherty, Gillian; Friendly, Martha; Oloman, Mab

419

Life stories of families with a terminally ill child.  

PubMed

Family units with a terminally ill child have a tendency to withdraw and this isolation may lead to problems in their mental health. A tendency with psychologists, clergy and helpers from other professions is to act as ideal experts on the lives of saddened people. From painful personal experience, this does not seem to enable acquiescence. Therefore, the aim of research on families with terminally ill children, was to explore and describe their lives and to develop an approach to facilitate their families to obtain acquiescence. In this article however, attention will be given to the life-world of families with terminally ill children. The research consists of two phases. In phase one the experiences of four families with terminally ill children are explored and described by means of phenomenological, unstructured, in-depth interviews. In phase two an acquiescence approach, which was designed for educational psychologists to facilitate families with terminally ill children to achieve acquiscence, is described. This approach is based on results from phase one. This article focuses on phase one. In this phase four families were interviewed individually, in the privacy of their homes. The interviews were audiotaped, and were transcribed for the purpose of data gathering. The data was analysed according to Tesch's method and a literature control was performed to verify the results. Guba's model for the validity of qualitative research was used. Five recurrent themes were identified: 1. Families are able to choose their reactions to the crises of having a terminally ill child. 2. When there is a terminally ill child in the family, the family's values change. 3. Acceptance of the circumstances with a terminally ill child, makes life easier. 4. As families with a terminally ill child learn to live every moment to the full, their quality of life improves. 5. As people learn to accept support, their quality of life with a terminally ill child improves. The research indicated that families with terminally ill children move through a lonely and painful process, which is characterised by growth at the end. This growth implies that the life skills mentioned above, were obtained after years of unimaginable suffering. In order to reduce this period of suffering, an acquiescence approach was designed for educational psychologists to facilitate discovery and acceptance regarding the above life skills with family units and thus allow them to achieve acquiescence. PMID:11885477

Hechter, S; Poggenpoel, M; Myburgh, C

2001-05-01

420

Ordered Delinquency: The "Effects" of Birth Order On Delinquency  

PubMed Central

Juvenile delinquency has long been associated with birth order in popular culture. While images of the middle child acting out for attention or the rebellious youngest child readily spring to mind, little research has attempted to explain why. Drawing from Adlerian birth order theory and Sulloway's born to rebel hypothesis I examine the relationship between birth order and a variety of delinquent outcomes during adolescence. Following some recent research on birth order and intelligence, I use new methods that allow for the examination of both between-individual and within-family differences to better address the potential spurious relationship. My findings suggest that contrary to popular belief the relationship between birth order and delinquency is spurious. Specifically, I find that birth order effects on delinquency are spurious and largely products of the analytic methods used in previous tests of the relationship. The implications of this finding are discussed.

Cundiff, Patrick R.

2014-01-01

421

Ordered delinquency: the "effects" of birth order on delinquency.  

PubMed

Juvenile delinquency has long been associated with birth order in popular culture. While images of the middle child acting out for attention or the rebellious youngest child readily spring to mind, little research has attempted to explain why. Drawing from Adlerian birth order theory and Sulloway's born-to-rebel hypothesis, I examine the relationship between birth order and a variety of delinquent outcomes during adolescence. Following some recent research on birth order and intelligence, I use new methods that allow for the examination of between-individual and within-family differences to better address the potential spurious relationship. My findings suggest that contrary to popular belief, the relationship between birth order and delinquency is spurious. Specifically, I find that birth order effects on delinquency are spurious and largely products of the analytic methods used in previous tests of the relationship. The implications of this finding are discussed. PMID:23719623

Cundiff, Patrick R

2013-08-01

422

Promoting Child Safety, Permanence, and Well-Being through Safe and Strong Families, Supportive Communities, and Effective Systems. Policy Matters: Setting and Measuring Benchmarks for State Policies. A Discussion Paper for the "Policy Matters" Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Policy Matters" project provides coherent, comprehensive information regarding the strength and adequacy of state policies affecting children, families, and communities. The project seeks to establish consensus among policy experts and state leaders regarding the mix of policies believed to offer the best opportunity for improving key child

Center for the Study of Social Policy, 2009

2009-01-01

423

Child's Play: Therapist's Narrative  

PubMed Central

Play has been recognized as an essential component to children's healthy development. Schools of play therapy differ philosophically and technically, but they all embrace the therapeutic and developmental properties of play. This case report is an illustration of how a 6-year-old child with emotional disorder was facilitated to express concerns in child-centered play therapy. The paper discusses the therapist's narration of the child's play.

Reddy, Rajakumari P.; Hirisave, Uma

2014-01-01

424

Preventing child abuse in Australia: Some preliminary findings from a National Audit of prevention programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999 and 2000 the National Child Protection Clearinghouse, with the support of the National Council for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, and the State and Territory government departments, undertook a National Audit of Child Abuse Prevention Programs operating across Australia. The intention of the Audit was to provide an overview of prevention initiatives currently being undertaken nationally,

Liz Poole; Adam Tomison

425

Parent-Child Relationships and the Management of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined dimensions of parent-child relationships as predictors of adherence to treatment and metabolic control in study of 88 children/adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Ratings of parent-child discipline, warmth, and behavioral support were not significantly associated with diabetes outcome, but parent-child conflict was…

Miller-Johnson, Shari; And Others

1994-01-01

426

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

427

ICDP Approach to Awareness-Raising about Children's Rights and Preventing Violence, Child Abuse, and Neglect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2011, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued the General Comment No. 13 on the right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence. Its Article 19 declares that "protective measures should, as appropriate, include effective procedures for the establishment of social programs to provide necessary support for the child and for…

Hundeide, Karsten; Armstrong, Nicoletta

2011-01-01

428

Child Negative Emotionality and Parenting from Infancy to Preschool: A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analytic review (k = 62 studies; N = 7,613 mother-child dyads) shows that effect sizes for the association between child negative emotionality and parenting were generally small and were moderated by sample and measurement characteristics. The association between more child negative emotionality and less supportive parenting was…

Paulussen-Hoogeboom, Marja C.; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.; Hermanns, Jo M. A.; Peetsma, Thea T. D.

2007-01-01

429

Developing Evidence-Based Child Protection Practice: A View from Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child welfare system in Germany has been described as family service-oriented because families in need are entitled to request family support services. If there is any form of child maltreatment, there may be some kind of mandatory state intervention to protect the child. Using trends in the number of children affected by maltreatment, the…

Kindler, Heinz

2008-01-01

430

Specialist Advocacy Services for Parents with Learning Disabilities Involved in Child Protection Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents with learning disabilities frequently become involved with child protection and judicial proceedings. Parents report not understanding and being disempowered by the child protection system. This paper presents fourteen parents' views regarding how two specialist advocacy services supported them during child protection. The parents believed…

Tarleton, Beth

2008-01-01

431

Relationships between Child Behavior Problems and Family Functioning: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research examining the relationship between family functioning and child behavior problems. Focuses on parenting styles, intergenerational relationships, family structure, and family interaction patterns. Finds that child behavior problems are related to a lack of parental support, an imbalanced parent- child relationship, a lack of…

van As, N. M. C.; Janssens, J. M. A. M.

2002-01-01

432

Factors Associated with Service Use among Immigrants in the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated child, caregiver, and caseworker factors associated with greater use of family support services by immigrant families in the U.S. child welfare system. Among child factors, higher levels of internalizing behavior problems (Odds Ratio (O.R.) = 3.60), externalizing behavior problems (O.R. = 2.62) and a history of neglect…

Rajendran, Khushmand; Chemtob, Claude M.

2010-01-01

433

Adolescents and child maltreatment.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a very complex medical and social problem. Many children have died as a result of child maltreatment; others are depressed, engaging in risky behaviors and substance abuse and running away from home. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of child maltreatment in the United States. Characteristics and contributing factors of maltreatment are described, and health and behavior problems associated with maltreated adolescents will be reviewed. Additionally the role of the school nurse will be discussed. It is imperative that school nurses are aware of the significance of the problem and the effects that child maltreatment has on children as they mature into early adulthood. PMID:24707655

Beard, Joyce W

2014-03-01

434

Chaos as a social determinant of child health: Reciprocal associations?  

PubMed

This study informs the social determinants of child health by exploring an understudied aspect of children's social contexts: chaos. Chaos has been conceptualized as crowded, noisy, disorganized, unpredictable settings for child development (Evans, Eckenrode, & Marcynyszyn, 2010). We measure chaos at two levels of children's ecological environment - the microsystem (household) and the mesosystem (work-family-child care nexus) - and at two points in early childhood (ages 3 and 5). Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3288), a study of predominantly low-income women and their partners in large US cities, we develop structural equation models that assess how maternal-rated child health (also assessed at ages 3 and 5) is associated with latent constructs of chaos, and whether there are important reciprocal effects. Autoregressive cross-lagged path analysis suggest that increasing chaos (at both the household and maternal work levels) is associated with worse child health, controlling for key confounders like household economic status, family structure, and maternal health status. Child health has little effect on chaos, providing further support for the hypothesis that chaos is an important social determinant of child health in this sample of relatively disadvantaged children. This suggests child health may be improved by supporting families in ways that reduce chaos in their home and work/family environments, and that as researchers move beyond SES, race, and family structure to explore other sources of health inequalities, chaos and its proximate determinants may be a promising avenue for future research. PMID:23541250

Kamp Dush, Claire M; Schmeer, Kammi K; Taylor, Miles

2013-10-01

435

75 FR 32846 - Final Rule Relating to Time and Order of Issuance of Domestic Relations Orders  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the provision of child support, alimony...former spouse, child, or other dependent...the Secretary of Labor to issue regulations...Hopkins v. AT & T Global Info. Solutions...competition, jobs, the environment, public health or...the Secretary of Labor to prescribe...

2010-06-10

436

Ordered nanoporous silica with periodic 30-60 nm pores as an effective support for gold nanoparticle catalysts with enhanced lifetime.  

PubMed

We demonstrate that supermolecular templating allows tuning the pore size of ordered mesoporous materials in the once elusive range from 30 nm to more than 60 nm through simple control of synthetic variables (salt/supermolecule concentration and hydrothermal temperature). Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) within the extra-large pores exhibit dramatically increased lifetime compared to those located within relatively small mesopores due to the enhanced mass diffusion that suppresses coke deposition on AuNPs. PMID:20578746

Ma, Guicen; Yan, Xiaoqing; Li, Yunlong; Xiao, Liping; Huang, Zhangjun; Lu, Yanping; Fan, Jie

2010-07-21

437

3D MODELING AND REAL-TIME MONITORING IN SUPPORT OF LEAN PRODUCTION OF ENGINEERED-TO-ORDER PRECAST CONCRETE BUILDINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has highlighted the efficacy of the application of lean production principles in the precast concrete industry. The work also highlighted the dependence of engineered-to-order prefabrication in construction on both engineering and on process control information for production in construction. In current practice in most precast\\/prestressed plants in the US, producers typically fabricate pieces well in advance of their

Rafael Sacks; Burcu Akinci; Esin Ergen

438

Community-based child health nurses: an exploration of current practice.  

PubMed

The purpose of this research was to define, the practice domain of community-based child health nursing in light of widespread political, economic and social changes in Western Australia. The project was conducted by a group of nurse researchers with experience in child health nursing from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Curtin University and the Child and Adolescent Community Health Division at the Department of Health, Western Australia. The overall aim of the project was to map the scope of nursing practice in the community child health setting in Western Australia and to identify the decision making framework that underpins this nursing specialty. Given the widespread social, economic and health service management changes, it was important for nurses involved with, or contemplating a career in, community-based child health to have the role accurately defined. In addition, consumer expectations of the service needed to be explored within the current climate. A descriptive qualitative study was used for this project. A purposive sample of 60 participants was drawn from the pool of child health nurses in the South Metropolitan Community Health Service, North Metropolitan Health Service and Western Australian Country Health Service. Following ethical approval data was collected via participants keeping a 2-week work diary. The data was coded and thematic analysis was applied. Several themes emerged from the analysis which were validated by follow up focus group interviews with participants. This clearly demonstrated common, recurring issues. The results identified that the community-based child health nurses are currently undertaking a more complex and expanded child health service role for an increasingly diverse client population, over their traditional practices which are still maintained. Excessive workloads and lack of human and non human resources also presented challenges. There are increasing requirements for child health nurses to engage in community development and capacity building, often through a multidisciplinary partnership, which requires them to have sound brokerage and facilitation skills to enable community inclusion and inter-agency collaboration at the local level. The study has highlighted the importance and multifaceted nature of the role of the community-based child health nurse. To enable them to function optimally, the following suggestions/recommendations are offered. These being: More physical resources be allocated to community-based child health nursing More resources allocated to assist community-based child health nurses to support culturally and linguistically diverse families Mapping of child health nurses' workloads The development of community health client dependency rating criteria reflecting the social determinants of health in order for health service refinement of staffing allocations based on an acuity scale Specific staff development opportunities to reflect the increased workload complexity Managerial support for the implementation of formal clinical (reflective) supervision Additional clerical assistance with non-nursing duties. PMID:22545907

Borrow, Stephanie; Munns, Ailsa; Henderson, Saras

2011-12-01

439

Loss of a child - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Child death - resources; Resources - loss of a child ... The following organizations are good resources for information on the loss of a child: The Compassionate Friends - www.compassionatefriends.org Bereaved Parents of the USA - www.bereavedparentsusa. ...

440

Sexuality Following the Loss of a Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of study was to increase our understanding of sexuality and intimacy following the loss of a child. A questionnaire on intimacy and sexuality was sent to 1,027 members of the 2 major bereavement support organizations for parents who have lost children in Norway. A total of 321 (33%) were returned. In addition, 10 couples were interviewed in depth

Atle Dyregrov; Rolf Gjestad

2011-01-01

441

School-Age Child Care Training Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for school-age child care staff training, this package of materials aims to (1) increase understanding of the developmental needs of school-age children between 5 and 12 years of age; (2) provide information on developing safe, supportive, and enriching programs for children during the hours they are not in school; and (3) involve staff…

Rowland, Bobbie H.; And Others

442

Architecture for the Whole Child: Celebrating Change!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues well-designed middle schools support the physical, social, cognitive, and emotional changes students experience. Promotes a design that is a hybrid of the home-based, child-centered elementary model and the elective-based, campus high school model. Focuses on enabling cross-curriculum, interdisciplinary team instruction in smaller,…

Baker, Bartlett J.

1997-01-01

443

75 FR 71521 - National Child's Day, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Through such care and guidance--and a greater effort by all to provide safe, supportive spaces for our children, free of bullying and harassment--we will unlock the promise within each child. Our children will soon stand at the helm of America and...

2010-11-24

444

Mental Health Practice Guidelines for Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines and supporting rationale presented in this paper were developed from the October 2007 "Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference" sponsored by Casey Family Programs, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the REACH Institute (REsource for Advancing Children's Health). The purpose of the conference was to…

Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2009

2009-01-01

445

Expect the Best for Your Child's Dental Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many parents of children with special healthcare needs come upon dental care for their child out of necessity or urgency. In order to make the relationship most beneficial, the preferred way is to establish a Dental Home during the child's infancy. The Dental Home is the oral health corollary of the Medical Home concept that the American…

Casamassimo, Paul

2007-01-01

446

Comparative study on the oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalytic activities of iron phthalocyanines supported on reduced graphene oxide, mesoporous carbon vesicle, and ordered mesoporous carbon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Iron phthalocyanine (FePc) is combined with different carbon matrixes (reduced graphene oxide (RGO), mesoporous carbon vesicle (MCV), and ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC)) through non-covalent ?-? interaction. The nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms display that their specific surface areas obey an order of OMC > MCV > RGO. Raman spectroscopy reveals that OMC contains the most surface active sites. Meanwhile, SEM images show that the FePc monomers are more evenly dispersed on OMC than on MCV or RGO. Electrochemical measurements also display that oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is catalyzed more easily on the FePc/OMC than on the FePc, FePc/MCV, and FePc/RGO, undoubtedly testifying the importances of specific surface area and surface active sites of OMC matrix for uniformly dispersing FePc molecules and then improving the ORR performances. Particularly, experiment results reveal that the FePc/OMC catalyst displays an enhanced 4-electron pathway in ORR either in acid or in alkaline media. Meanwhile, the FePc/OMC also shows better durability and superior stability towards methanol crossover than the Pt/OMC catalyst in both acid and alkaline media, potentially making the FePc/OMC a non-precious metal catalyst for ORR in fuel cells.

Li, Mian; Bo, Xiangjie; Zhang, Yufan; Han, Ce; Guo, Liping

2014-10-01

447

Angola MCH (Maternal and Child Health) Project: Final Report. Strengthening Maternal and Child Health Services in Angola. Amended April 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From May 2002 through September 2005, Management Sciences for Health (MSH) and two implementing partners (International Medical Corps and Save the Children/USA) provided technical and financial support for Strengthening Maternal and Child Health in Angola...

2006-01-01

448

Building the Biocentric Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates an environmentally congruent conception of child development and includes Montessori theory as part of a biocentric view where child development connects to the laws of nature. Explains orientations to the world informing development of a biocentric vision of childhood: mastery, immersion, and engagement. Discusses how mastery and…

Hutchison, David

2002-01-01

449

Child Transportation Safety Tips.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents nine tips regarding safe infant and child transportation, each tip explained in one to two pages. The tips are as follows: (1) quick safety seat checkup; (2) where should your child ride? (3) how to protect your new baby in the car; (4) what safety seat to use for a big baby or toddler? (5) how should preschool and school…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

450

Bullying and Your Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying happens every day in classrooms and on playgrounds all over the world. Parents, when faced with the fact that their child has become the target of a bully, experience a stream of emotions: anger, fear, the need to protect, and the realization that the child must go back to school or out to play and face the bully again the next day. Many…

McGee, Christy D.

2011-01-01

451

Introduction: Understanding Child Labour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores contributions from the Urban Childhood Conference for the purpose of developing the child-labor discourse further and indicating the implications of the new understandings for further research and policy development. Highlights the nine articles in this issue, which address child labor at the international level, children's viewpoints,…

Miljeteig, Per

1999-01-01

452

Unemployment and Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the correlation between unemployment and child abuse rates, a literature review was conducted and the phenomenon was examined in a rural Inland Northwest county (X County) of 9,800 population which derived its main income from lumber and agriculture. Monthly substantiated child abuse cases were tallied from the Department of Health and…

Pare, Joan

453

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

454

Child Wellness and Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wellness and happiness should be considered in the clinical treatment of child and adolescent psychiatry, in addition with thinking about illness. Meanwhile, various studies on child and adolescent psychiatry,which includes an article from the "Journal of Happiness Studies," are discussed.

Rettew, David C.

2009-01-01

455

Supervising Child Protective Workers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child Protective Service (CPS) unit, as part of the public social service agency, is the key agency in each community's child abuse and neglect response system. There are certain basic functions that supervisors must perform in any setting. All of the...

J. R. Ballew M. K. Salus S. Winett

1979-01-01

456

The Only Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the literature on the "only child" indicates that the single child is likely to be oriented more toward adults than towards peers, to be subjected more to an adult culture, to be an achiever who strikes out on his own, and to have a heightened sense of responsibility compared with children who have siblings. Statistics show only…

Allen, Marcia Ellen McGuire

457

Sex reversal in a child with a 46,X,Yp+ karyotype: support for the existence of a gene(s), located in distal Xp, involved in testis formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a sex reversed Japanese child with a 46,X,Yp+ karyotype, minor dysmorphic features, and no testicular development. The Yp+ chromosome was derived by translocation of an Xp fragment (Xp21-Xp22.3) to Yp11.3. This has resulted in deletion of distal part of the Y chromosome pseudoautosomal region (DXYS15-telomere) and duplication of the X specific region (DXS84-PABX) and proximal part of

T Ogata; J R Hawkins; A Taylor; N Matsuo; J Hata; P N Goodfellow

1992-01-01

458

Juror perceptions of child eyewitness testimony in a sexual abuse trial.  

PubMed

A mock child sexual abuse trial was used to study juror perceptions of child eyewitnesses. The child's age (5, 11, or 16) and level of involvement (victim or bystander) were varied across conditions in order to test their impact on juror perceptions and verdict. Results indicated a significant effect of level of involvement on the verdict; defendants in trials involving a bystander witness received higher guilt ratings than defendants in trials with a victim-witness. In addition, jurors perceived the child's eyewitness testimony to be more believable when the child was younger. Implications for the impact of these findings on real-life child sexual abuse cases are discussed. PMID:17895233

Holcomb, Matthew J; Jacquin, Kristine M

2007-01-01

459

Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Activity of a Hierarchical-Ordered TiO2 Mesocrystal and Its Sensing Application on a Carbon Nanohorn Support Scaffold.  

PubMed

A ternary hybrid was developed through interaction between a hierarchical-ordered TiO2 and a thiol group that was obtained by in situ chemical polymerization of l-cysteine on the carbon nanohorn (CNH) superstructure modified electrode. Herein, unique-ordered TiO2 superstructures with quasi-octahedral shape that possess high crystallinity, high porosity, oriented subunit alignment, very large specific surface area, and superior photocatalytic activity were first introduced as a photosensitizer element in the photoelectrochemical determination. Additionally, the assembly of hierarchical-structured CNHs was used to provide an excellent electron-transport matrix to capture and transport an electron from excited anatase to the electrode rapidly, hampering the electron-hole recombination effectively, resulting in improved photoelectrochemical response and higher photocatalytic activity in the visible light region. Owing to the dependence of the photocurrent signal on the concentration of electron donor, 4-methylimidozal, which can act as a photogenerated hole scavenger, an exquisite photoelectrochemical sensor was successfully fabricated with a wide linear range from 1 × 10(-4) to 1 × 10(-10) M, and the detection limit was down to 30 pM. The low applied potential of 0.2 V was beneficial to the elimination of interference from other reductive species that coexisted in the real samples. More importantly, the mesocrystal was first introduced in the fabricating of a biosensor, which not only opens up a new avenue for biosensors manufactured based on mesocrystal materials but also provides beneficial lessons in the research fields ranging from solar cells to photocatalysis. PMID:24884080

Dai, Hong; Zhang, Shupei; Hong, Zhensheng; Li, Xiuhua; Xu, Guifang; Lin, Yanyu; Chen, Guonan

2014-07-01

460

Child prostitution in Thailand.  

PubMed

Child prostitution is an old, global and complex phenomenon, which deprives children of their childhood, human rights and dignity. Child prostitution can be seen as the commercial sexual exploitation of children involving an element of forced labour, and thus can be considered as a contemporary form of slavery. Globally, child prostitution is reported to be a common problem in Central and South America and Asia. Of all the south-east Asian nations, the problem is most prolific in Thailand. In Thailand, there appears to be a long history of child prostitution, and this article explores the factors that underpin the Thai child sex industry and the lessons and implications that can be drawn for health care and nursing around the world. PMID:18469298

Lau, Carmen

2008-06-01

461

Foundation for Child Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foundation for Child Development \\"is a national, private philanthropy dedicated to the principle that all families should have the social and material resources to raise their children to be healthy, educated and productive members of their communities.\\" The Foundation seeks to help the disadvantaged especially, and works with families, schools, other non-profits, businesses and government. On the site, those interested in Child Development will find links to Public Policy at both the state and national level. Information about immigrant children as well as their own Child Well-Being Index. Also on the site are the archives of their in house publication \\"Learning Curve\\" where users can find articles on a plethora of topics ranging from \\"Fighting Fade-Out by advancing PK-3 Alignment\\" and \\"PK-3 Indicators available on Child Trends DataBank\\". Overall, a useful tool for students, instructors and professionals involved in Child Development.

2006-12-19

462

The Child Care Market: A Review of the Evidence and Implications for Federal Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews and critiques several existing studies of the child care market in order to determine the factors which lead families with working mothers to use different modes of child care. This analysis is further used to discuss federal policies which affect the child care market. Studies reviewed use different data sources and…

Hill, C. Russell

463

The Role of Interagency Collaboration for Substance-Abusing Families Involved with Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meeting the needs of families who are involved with the child welfare system because of a substance abuse issue remains a challenge for child welfare practitioners. In order to improve services to these families, there has been an increasing focus on improving collaboration between child welfare, treatment providers, and the court systems. This…

Green, Beth L.; Rockhill, Anna; Burrus, Scott

2008-01-01

464

Hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere with reduced graphene oxide supporter for a highly efficient photodegradation of methylene blue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A facile one-pot method for the fabrication of high quality self-assembled hierarchically ordered macro-mesoporous ZnS microsphere-reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite without the use of templates or surfactants is described. During the hydrothermal process, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was loaded into the ZnS microsphere by in situ reduction of graphene oxide added in the self-assembly system. The morphology and structure of the as-prepared composites were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Incorporation of reduced graphene oxide as an excellent electron-transporting material effectively suppresses the charge recombination. Hence, a significant enhancement in the photocatalytic efficiency for the photodegradation of methylene blue was observed with the ZnS-RGO composite, compared to the pure ZnS. Overall, this research results may lay down new vistas for the in situ fabrication of the ZnS-RGO composite as a highly efficient photocatalysis under visible-light irradiation and their applications in environmental protection.

Sookhakian, M.; Amin, Y. M.; Basirun, W. J.

2013-10-01

465

CHILD-to-Child Trial Program. Ajoya, Sinaloa, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CHILD-to-Child program is based on the recognition that older siblings often influence their younger family members. Activities of the CHILD-to-Child Program in Ajoya, Sinaloa, Mexico, relating to teaching about diarrhea and breast-feeding, are described. (CJ)

Werner, David

1983-01-01

466

Child Labor: A Forgotten Focus for Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the worldwide problem of child labor and efforts to advocate for the welfare of these impoverished children. Considers factors that contribute to the continued use of child labor and the resistance of these labor practices to reform. Discusses child labor in the United States, and urges public advocacy for labor reform within child

Otis, Jack; Pasztor, Eileen Mayers; McFadden, Emily Jean

2001-01-01

467

Child Outcome Measures in the Study of Child Care Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses whether there are methodological problems with child outcome measures that may contribute to the small associations between child care quality and child outcomes found in the literature. Outcome measures used in 65 studies of child care quality published between 1979 and December 2005 were examined, taking the previous review…

Zaslow, Martha; Halle, Tamara; Martin, Laurie; Cabrera, Natasha; Calkins, Julia; Pitzer, Lindsay; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

2006-01-01

468

A child with intestinal basidiobolomycosis.  

PubMed

Fungal infections of the gastrointestinal tract are not common in children, especially in immunocompetent ones. In this case report we describe a child who was presented with abdominal pain and mass, bloody diarrhea and fever. He was treated for amebiasis, but due to treatment failure and deterioration of his condition, he underwent a laparatomy. Histologic examination of the excised bowel in the second look revealed Basidiobolomycosis, a fungus belonging to the order Entomophthorales. The signs, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis of the present case indicate that fungal infections must be considered not only in immunocompromised patients with abdominal pain and mass, but also in apparently immunocompetent ones. PMID:23115443

Arjmand, Reza; Karimi, Abdollah; Sanaei Dashti, Anahita; Kadivar, Maryam

2012-06-01

469

A child with Roberts syndrome.  

PubMed

Roberts syndrome is a genetically determined rare birth defect causing, skeletal deformities, particularly symmetrical limb reduction and craniofacial anomalies. For any child with limb and craniofacial bony malformations, this syndrome should be considered in the differentials. Although this syndrome represents only a small proportion of the total number of individuals with limb deficiency, it is important to be identified in order to give accurate genetic counselling including recurrence risk in siblings and possible prenatal diagnosis. This is the case report of a 22 days old male infant who presented with defective development of all four extremities and craniofacial abnormalities. The overall clinical and radiological features were suggestive of Roberts syndrome. PMID:21777535

Abbas, Rabia; Waqar, Sahar; Ahmad, Tahir Masood; Irfan Waheed, Khawaja Ahmad; Sultan, Tipu; Qureshi, Ahmad Usaid

2011-07-01

470

A Child with Intestinal Basidiobolomycosis  

PubMed Central

Fungal infections of the gastrointestinal tract are not common in children, especially in immunocompetent ones. In this case report we describe a child who was presented with abdominal pain and mass, bloody diarrhea and fever. He was treated for amebiasis, but due to treatment failure and deterioration of his condition, he underwent a laparatomy. Histologic examination of the excised bowel in the second look revealed Basidiobolomycosis, a fungus belonging to the order Entomophthorales. The signs, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis of the present case indicate that fungal infections must be considered not only in immunocompromised patients with abdominal pain and mass, but also in apparently immunocompetent ones.

Arjmand, Reza; Karimi, Abdollah; Sanaei Dashti, Anahita; Kadivar, Maryam

2012-01-01

471

Stability of Maternal Autonomy Support between Infancy and Preschool Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this article were to examine (1) the relative and absolute stability of maternal autonomy support between infancy and preschool age, and (2) the moderating role of child gender, maternal attachment state of mind, and stressful life events. Sixty-nine mother-child dyads participated in five visits when the child was 8, 15, and 18…

Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie; Gagne, Christine

2013-01-01

472

Child Day Care Center Licensing Study, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1997 Child Care Center Licensing Study contains an update of information compiled in 1991 by the Children's Foundation. The data was obtained from the central regulatory office of each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The study is organized in alphabetical order by states and territories. The…

Children's Foundation, Washington, DC.

473

The Child Care Center Licensing Study, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compiles findings of a survey of the child care regulatory offices of the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The report begins with an introduction, definition of terms, and a question and answer summary. The bulk of the report is organized in alphabetical order by state or territory, and…

Children's Foundation, Washington, DC.

474

Child Sexual Abuse Evaluations: Adherence to Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty-eight parents of children with alleged child sexual abuse (CSA) were surveyed 4 months after visiting an interdisciplinary CSA evaluation clinic in order to examine the extent to which recommendations were recalled and implemented. Results reveal that 9% of parents recalled recommendations for medical follow-up, 79% recalled recommendations…

Lane, Wendy G.; Dubowitz, Howard; Harrington, Donna

2002-01-01

475

A Psychodynamic Child Rating Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research showing psychodynamic child therapy to be less effective than other forms of child treatment have used outcome measures focusing on symptomatic and behavioral change rather than on psychodynamic processes. A child therapy assessment procedure than measures the psychological functioning of the child in a psychodynamically meaningful way is…

Szapocznik, Jose; And Others

476

Virtual child pornography and utilitarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common argument against child pornography is that children are harmed in the process of producing it. This is the argument from abusive production. However, it does not apply to ‘virtual’ child pornography, i.e. child pornography produced using computer technology without involving real children. Autilitarian who wishes to condemn virtual child pornography cannot appeal to the argument from abusive

Per Sandin

2004-01-01

477

Early Child Care in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reviews current views on the child and its development, the nature of the compact between family and society, general planning, the family, specific programs, training of professional personnel, dissemination of information on child rearing, research on the infant and preschool child, and future prospects as they relate to child

Ziemska, Maria

1978-01-01

478

Does Child Abuse Cause Crime?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child maltreatment, which includes both child abuse and child neglect, is a major social problem. This paper focuses on measuring the effects of child maltreatment on crime using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). We focus on crime because it is one of the most socially costly potential outcomes of maltreatment, and because the proposed

Janet Currie; Erdal Tekin

2006-01-01

479

Antenatal testing and the subsequent birth of a child with Down syndrome: a phenomenological study of parents' experiences.  

PubMed

The objective was to gain a deeper insight into the lived experiences of parents during antenatal testing for Down syndrome and the subsequent birth of their baby. A phenomenological research inquiry used unstructured interviews and thematic framework analysis. Conversations between parents and midwives about Down syndrome, when they occurred, were brief, functional and had a biomedical problem orientation. Antenatal screening failed to meet parents' expectations of better preparation for birth. After birth, children's 'differentness' rather than health needs was the main focus of care interventions. The inquiry revealed the 'invisibility' of the potential child with Down syndrome. Professionals in maternity care services must be equipped with appropriate knowledge about Down syndrome in order to better support parents. Such preparation must include a balanced view of the future of the child, consistent with the principle of reproductive autonomy. Appropriate support after birth is also essential in helping parents to adapt to their new situation. PMID:20930020

Sooben, Roja D

2010-06-01

480

How do public child healthcare professionals and primary school teachers identify and handle child abuse cases? A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Public child healthcare doctors and nurses, and primary school teachers play a pivotal role in the detection and reporting of child abuse, because they encounter almost all children in the population during their daily work. However, they report relatively few cases of suspected child abuse to child protective agencies. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate Dutch frontline workers’ child abuse detection and reporting behaviors. Methods Focus group interviews were held among 16 primary school teachers and 17 public health nurses and physicians. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and thematically analyzed according to factors of the Integrated Change model, such as knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, skills, social influences and barriers influencing detection and reporting of child abuse. Results Findings showed that although both groups of professionals are aware of child abuse signs and risks, they are also lacking specific knowledge. The most salient differences between the two professional groups are related to attitude and (communication) skills. Conclusion The results suggest that frontline workers are in need of supportive tools in the child abuse detection and reporting process. On the basis of our findings, directions for improvement of child abuse detection and reporting are discussed.

2013-01-01

481

Parents' perspectives on supporting children during needle-related medical procedures  

PubMed Central

When children endure needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs), different emotions arise for the child and his/her parents. Despite the parents’ own feelings, they have a key role in supporting their child through these procedures. The aim of this study is to describe the meanings of supporting children during NRMPs from the perspective of the parents. Twenty-one parents participated in this study. A reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach was used and phenomenological analysis was applied. The essential meaning of the phenomenon—supporting children during an NRMP—is characterized as “keeping the child under the protection of one’s wings,” sometimes very close and sometimes a little further out under the wingtips. The essential meaning is additionally described through its constituents: paying attention to the child’s way of expressing itself, striving to maintain control, facilitating the child’s understanding, focusing the child’s attention, seeking additional support, and rewarding the child. The conclusion is that parents’ ability to be supportive can be affected when seeing their child undergo an NRMP. To regain the role as the child’s protector and to be able to keep the child “under the protection of one’s wings,” parents need support from the staff.

Karlsson, Katarina; Englund, Ann-Charlotte Dalheim; Enskar, Karin; Rydstrom, Ingela

2014-01-01

482

National Quality Measures for Child Mental Health Care: Background, Progress, and Next Steps  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To review recent health policies related to measuring child health care quality, the selection processes of national child health quality measures, the nationally recommended quality measures for child mental health care and their evidence strength, the progress made toward developing new measures, and early lessons learned from these national efforts. METHODS: Methods used included description of the selection process of child health care quality measures from 2 independent national initiatives, the recommended quality measures for child mental health care, and the strength of scientific evidence supporting them. RESULTS: Of the child health quality measures recommended or endorsed during these national initiatives, only 9 unique measures were related to child mental health. CONCLUSIONS: The development of new child mental health quality measures poses methodologic challenges that will require a paradigm shift to align research with its accelerated pace.

Murphy, J. Michael; Scholle, Sarah Hudson; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton; Sachdeva, Ramesh C.; Mangione-Smith, Rita; Woods, Donna; Kamin, Hayley S.; Jellinek, Michael

2013-01-01

483

Understanding and measuring child welfare outcomes.  

PubMed

The new "Children's and Family Services Reviews" (CFSR) process focuses on the effectiveness of services to children and families by measuring client outcomes. This article reviews the research literature related to child welfare outcomes in order to provide a context for federal accountability efforts. It also summarizes the 2001 federal mandate to hold states accountable for child welfare outcomes and describes California's response to this mandate. Implications of the outcomes literature review and measurement problems in the CFSR process suggest CSFR measures do not always capture meaningful outcomes. Recommendations for change are made. PMID:19064447

D'Andrade, Amy; Osterling, Kathy Lemon; Austin, Michael J

2008-01-01

484

Cholesterol and Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... child's cholesterol level should be checked. Back Continue Monitoring and Treating High Cholesterol Current guidelines recommend that ... done fasting (nothing to eat or drink, except water, for 12 hours), to tell you if your ...

485

Disciplining Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... Give your child one warning (unless it is aggression). If it happens again, send her to the ... are less likely to be consistent. Spanking increases aggression and anger instead of teaching responsibility. Parents may ...

486

Child safety (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... poisons, and other chemicals well out of a child's reach. Avoid storing toxic substances in unmarked or inappropriate containers (such as food containers). If you suspect poisoning or have questions, call 1-800-222-1222.

487

Your Child's Cough  

MedlinePLUS

... noisy, harsh breathing (often described as a coarse, musical sound) that occurs when a child inhales. Whooping ... coughing up blood has stridor (a noisy or musical sound) when breathing in has wheezing when breathing ...

488

Choosing Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... 5. Back Continue At the End of the Day After all your research, interviewing, and observing, you ... still have doubts, daily reports about your child's day or frequent visits to the care facility can ...

489

Your Child's Growth  

MedlinePLUS

... child continues the rate of growth experienced during infancy. After age 1, a baby's growth in length ... physical maturity. At the Doctor's Office Beginning in infancy, kids will visit a doctor for regular checkups, ...

490

Child and Adolescent Suicide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Clearinghouse for Mental Health Information (NCMHI) literature survey series contain reference to the literature on subjects of current interest. This survey on Child and Adolescent Suicide covers the years 1978-1980. The references are part ...

1981-01-01

491

Toilet Teaching Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... the process easier. Back Continue Tips for Toilet Teaching Even before your child is ready to try ... potty, you can prepare your little one by teaching about the process: Use words to express the ...

492

Child abuse - sexual  

MedlinePLUS

... org Prevent Child Abuse America - www.childabuse.org Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network - www.rainn.org ... also need to be taught how to avoid rape and date rape. Constant supervision and vigilance by ...

493

Early Acquisition of Basic Word Order in Japanese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The acquisition of word order has been one of the central issues in the study of child language. One striking finding from the detailed investigation of various child languages is that from the earliest observable stages, children are highly sensitive to the basic word order of their target language. However, the evidence so far comes mainly from…

Sugisaki, Koji

2008-01-01

494

Building Bridges to Family-Supporting Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jobs for the Future (JFF) has identified the following best practice programs that support what is known to work best in moving women into family-supporting employment: (1) Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas, trains welfare recipients to work as sheet metal assemblers while providing a support services counselor and support for child care…

Pennington, Hilary; Seltzer, Marlene

2001-01-01

495

Your child is dead  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine parent's views on how death of their children should have been handled. DESIGN--Retrospective questionnaire survey of parents who had experienced death of their child. SETTING--Charitable organisation of bereaved parents. SUBJECTS--150 bereaved parents, all members of the organisation, of whom 120 (80%) participated voluntarily in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Child's age; date and cause of death; details of person

I Finlay; D Dallimore

1991-01-01

496

Parent-Child Symbolic Play: Three Theories in Search of an Effect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on influences on children's symbolic play. Finds little support for the effects of child-adult symbolic play interactions on child solitary play. Discusses three theoretical perspectives that should support these effects: attachment, ethological, and scaffolding theories. Reconsiders the essence of specific variables affecting…

Bornstein, Marc H.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.

1995-01-01

497

Death of a child in the emergency department.  

PubMed

The death of a child in the emergency department (ED) is one of the most challenging problems facing ED clinicians. This revised technical report and accompanying policy statement reaffirm principles of patient- and family-centered care. Recent literature is examined regarding family presence, termination of resuscitation, bereavement responsibilities of ED clinicians, support of child fatality review efforts, and other issues inherent in caring for the patient, family, and staff when a child dies in the ED. Appendices are provided that offer an approach to bereavement activities in the ED, carrying out forensic responsibilities while providing compassionate care, communicating the news of the death of a child in the acute setting, providing a closing ritual at the time of terminating resuscitation efforts, and managing the child with a terminal condition who presents near death in the ED. PMID:24958580

O'Malley, Patricia; Barata, Isabel; Snow, Sally

2014-07-01

498

Death of a child in the emergency department.  

PubMed

The death of a child in the emergency department (ED) is one of the most challenging problems facing ED clinicians. This revised technical report and accompanying policy statement reaffirm principles of patient- and family-centered care. Recent literature is examined regarding family presence, termination of resuscitation, bereavement responsibilities of ED clinicians, support of child fatality review efforts, and other issues inherent in caring for the patient, family, and staff when a child dies in the ED. Appendices are provided that offer an approach to bereavement activities in the ED, carrying out forensic responsibilities while providing compassionate care, communicating the news of the death of a child in the acute setting, providing a closing ritual at the time of terminating resuscitation efforts, and managing the child with a terminal condition who presents near death in the ED. PMID:24998719

O'Malley, Patricia; Barata, Isabel; Snow, Sally

2014-07-01

499

Parent-child interactions and objectively measured child physical activity: a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Parents influence their children's behaviors directly through specific parenting practices and indirectly through their parenting style. Some practices such as logistical and emotional support have been shown to be positively associated with child physical activity (PA) levels, while for others (e.g. monitoring) the relationship is not clear. The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship between parent's

Erin Hennessy; Sheryl O Hughes; Jeanne P Goldberg; Raymond R Hyatt; Christina D Economos

2010-01-01

500

Profiles of Public-Private Partnerships for Child Care. The Child Care Partnership Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The profiles of programs collected in this report were developed as part of the Child Care Partnership Project, a multi-year technical assistance effort. The Partnership Project provides a series of technical assistance resources and materials to support the development and strengthening of public-private partnerships to improve the quality and…

Finance Project, Washington, DC.