Sample records for child support orders

  1. Welfare, Child Support, and Strategic Behavior: Do High Orders and Low Disregards Discourage Child Support Awards?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roff, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Qualitative research has documented strategic behavior in response to child support policy. Parents of children on welfare have an incentive to avoid formal child support, since most states limit the amount of formal child support that women on welfare can receive (the "disregard") and have relatively high child support orders for low-income…

  2. Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

    2010-01-01

    The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

  3. DOMESTIC RELATIONS Alimony and Child Support: Authorize Court Ordered Support Past Age of Majority

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Michael Kaye

    1992-01-01

    HB 1519 authorizes the court to order child support payments to continue until the child reaches the age of twenty. The court is only authorized to award support payment in the event that the child reaches the age of majority while in high school (secondary school) and where such child has not previously been married or emancipated. Further, the Act

  4. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  5. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  6. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  7. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  8. 45 CFR 303.8 - Review and adjustment of child support orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Review and adjustment of child support orders. 303.8 Section 303.8 Public...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  9. 75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...the authority to modify the child support order of another State...exclusive jurisdiction (CEJ) to child support. CEJ requires that...current support order may be in effect at any one time. As long as...the individual parties or the child continues to reside in the...

  10. Child Support Report, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Phil, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

  11. Getting the Order Right: Child Support Guidelines and the Cost of Raising Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jo Michelle Beld

    2006-01-01

    This article argues that the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) estimates of parental expenditures on children are an appropriate economic foundation for state child support guidelines. The USDA's estimates are consistent with the public policy purposes of state guidelines and may improve the extent to which they accomplish federal intent. The article examines the role of valid and reliable

  12. 32 CFR 584.2 - Family support and child custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...is no court order for child support. The soldier...the court granting the divorce had personal jurisdiction...as to be able to order child support. The soldier...issuing the final order of divorce had personal jurisdiction...the soldier to order child support. (2 ) The...

  13. Child Support: Who Bears the Burden?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stirling, Kate; Aldrich, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Using a more comprehensive accounting than previous studies, we examined the economic impact of child support orders on residential mothers and children compared to nonresidential fathers and how that impact differed across income levels. With the inclusion of child support and other expenses associated with raising children, the well-being of…

  14. Supporting Each Child's Spirit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

  15. 75 FR 32145 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ...Departmental officials, media coverage, litigation and...information to private child support collection agencies...practices of some private child support collection agencies have had the effect of reducing child support income...

  16. Child Support Act 1991. [25 July 1991].

    PubMed

    1991-01-01

    This Act is designed to protect children within the UK whose parents are separated. Its basic principle is that each parent is responsible for the maintenance of his or her child, and it seeks to ensure that such maintenance is paid. To this end, the Act authorizes the creation of a Child Support Agency to assess the amount of child support that should be paid in individual cases and establishes a formula according to which such child support is calculated. The formula allows little discretion and aims to reduce inconsistency and uncertainty. Parties can still make a maintenance agreement between themselves, but such an agreement is subject to amendment if one of the parties applies to a child support officer for an assessment of maintenance and the amount set by the agreement is less than the assessment. Maintenance assessments can be revised when there is a change in circumstances or one parent contends that a factual error has been made. The Act gives the Child Support Agency the primary responsibility for collection and enforcement of maintenance and authorizes it to make a standing order for direct payment, order a special bank account to be established, and order deductions from earnings. The Agency may also apply to a court in cases where payment has not been made. PMID:12179564

  17. 20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Dependent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid One of the parents included in the household or the student paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

  18. 20132014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2013­2014 Child Support Paid V3-Independent Your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid The student or spouse, who is a member of the student's household, paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support

  19. Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

  20. 13 CFR 120.171 - Compliance with child support obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 120.171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Policies Applying to All Business Loans Requirements Imposed Under Other Laws and Orders § 120.171 Compliance with child support...

  1. 2012 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME: ________________________________________________________ UMS ID: __________________________

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    2012 ­ 2013 Verification of Child Support Paid NAME indicated that either you or your parent paid child support during 2011. You have been selected Name of person to whom child support was paid Name of child for whom child support was paid Support

  2. Child support and father-child contact: Testing reciprocal pathways

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lenna. Nepomnyaschy

    2007-01-01

    I use three waves of panel data to examine the relationship between child support payments and fathers’ contact with their\\u000a nonmarital children. I disaggregate support into fathers’ formal and informal payments and incorporate cross-lagged effects\\u000a models to identify the direction of causality between payments and contact. After including the behavior from the prior wave\\u000a (lagged term) and a rich set

  3. Unpaid Child Support: The Abuse of American Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobayashi, Futoshi

    Noting that fewer than half the single mothers in the United States receive complete and regular child support payments, this paper discusses reasons for unpaid child support, examines whether stricter enforcement of child support obligations will help solve the overall problem, and proposes another option for solving the problem of unpaid child

  4. The impact of child support enforcement policy on nonmarital childbearing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert D. Plotnick; Irwin Garfinkel; Sara S. McLanahan; Inhoe Ku

    2007-01-01

    The interaction of welfare and child support regulations has created a situation in which child support policy's incentives that discourage unwed fatherhood tend to be stronger than its incentives that encourage unwed motherhood. This suggests that more stringent child support enforcement creates incentives that reduce the likelihood of nonmarital childbearing, particularly among women with a significant chance of needing public

  5. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2014-15\\1415_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code household has paid child support. Our office must verify this information before determining your federal

  6. 2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    2013-14 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet Office of Student Financial Assistance P.O. Box.aid@uaa.alaska.edu G:\\Financial Aid\\Forms\\2013-14\\1314_Child_Support_Paid_Verification_Worksheet.docx RRAAREQ Code paid child support. Our office must verify this information before determining your federal student aid

  7. Child Support and Children's Well-Being1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith A. Seltzer; Daniel R. Meyer

    and noneconomic effects of these arrangements on the children. The report fo- cuses on the causes and effects of child support. Our intent is to provide an over- view of the growing number of studies on child support, custody, and visitation. We present information necessary to help evaluate broadly the effects of child support on children, their mothers, and their

  8. Community factors supporting child mental Health.

    PubMed

    Earls, F

    2001-10-01

    A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

  9. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child. Child Support Paid I/we, the student's parents, paid child support in 2013 and have listed below the requested information for each child for whom child support was paid. If asked by the college, I

  10. 75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections 453(b)(2...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections 453(b)(2...such information could be harmful to the CP or child. See sections...

  11. Parent-Child Quality Time: Does Birth Order Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that a first-born child receives 20-30 more minutes of quality time each day with his or her parent than a second-born child of the same age from a similar family. The birth-order difference results from parents giving roughly equal time to each child at any point in time while the amount of…

  12. Birth order, sex of child, and maternal help-giving

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary K. Rothbart; Myron Rothbart

    1976-01-01

    As part of a larger study of birth order, sex of child, and mother—child interaction, mothers were asked to supervise their child's performance on memory and puzzle tasks. Subjects were 56 5-year-old boys and girls and their mothers, half with a same-sex older sibling, half with a same-sex younger sibling. Mothers showed no differences in spontaneous help-giving as a function

  13. Better Child Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plotnick, Robert D.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Ku, Inhoe

    2004-01-01

    Stricter child support enforcement may reduce unwed childbearing by raising the costs of fatherhood. The authors investigate this hypothesis using a sample of young women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to which they add information on state child support enforcement. Models of the probability of a teenage premarital birth and of…

  14. Should Child Support Obligations Continue for Children Attending College?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason D. Hans

    2008-01-01

    Beliefs regarding nonresidential parents' obligation to assist with college expenses were examined using a factorial vignette design with a random sample of 407 participants. Obligations to assist continue providing child support for children beyond the age of majority were contingent upon children attending college. However, only 52% of respondents believed that the nonresidential parent should continue paying child support for

  15. Health Care Coverage among Child Support-Eligible Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aron, Laudan Y.

    Using data from the National Survey of America's Families (a nationally representative survey of the economic, social, and health characteristics of children, adults, and their families), this paper discusses health care coverage among child support eligible children. It begins with a detailed profile of child support eligible children living with…

  16. Child Support Enforcement and Sexual Activity of Male Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

    2007-01-01

    Strong child support enforcement requires fathers to take financial responsibility for their children and may also encourage more responsible sexual behavior. Using the 1997-2001 waves of the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 4,272), this article examines the association between child support enforcement and the sexual activity of…

  17. Perceptions of Child Support and Sexual Activity of Adolescent Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Han, Wen-Jui

    2004-01-01

    Using the 1995 new cohort of the National Survey of Adolescent Males, this paper examines the association between perceptions of child support and adolescent males' sexual activity. The results indicate that adolescent males who expect the chance of being required to pay child support is high if one becomes a non-resident father or who has a…

  18. The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investments, and Child Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aizer, Anna; McLanahan, Sara

    2006-01-01

    Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, also may alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so…

  19. Child Care and Other Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Latosha; Phillips, Deborah A.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child care. The DoD now runs what is by far the nation's largest employer-sponsored child-care system, a…

  20. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Dependent Student Page 1 of 1 (City College of NY) 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Dependent Student Your 2014­2015 Free) Student's Email Address B. Child Support Paid I/we, the student's parents, paid child support in 2013

  1. Child support enforcement and fathers' contributions to their nonmarital children.

    PubMed

    Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the total package of child support that mothers receive from the nonresident fathers of their children, by focusing on three components of total support: formal cash, informal cash, and in-kind support. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article considers how contributions change over time and the effects of child support enforcement on these contributions. Findings suggest that total cash support received drops precipitously over the first 15 months of living apart (as informal support drops off) and then increases slightly after 45 months (as the increase in formal support overtakes the decrease in informal support). While the study finds no effect of enforcement on total support received in the first 5 years after a nonmarital birth, the substantial differences in total cash support received by the length of time that parents have not been cohabiting suggest that strong enforcement may be efficacious over time. PMID:20873018

  2. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  3. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  4. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  5. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  6. 45 CFR 302.56 - Guidelines for setting child support awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 true Guidelines for setting child support awards. 302.56 Section 302.56 ...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  7. 75 FR 42453 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ...privileges to the FPLS Child Support Services Portal...maintained in the FPLS Child Support Services Portal...nondisclosure oath to that effect. Personnel are provided...electronic records and media include overwriting...Operations, Office of Child Support...

  8. CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS#: ____________ CUNYFIRST ID#: ___________

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    CHILD SUPPORT PAID (Tracking Group V3) Student's Name: ____________________ SS or the student/spouse paid child support in 2012. List below the names of the persons who paid the child support, the names of the persons to whom the child support was paid, the names of the children for whom the child

  9. 2013 -2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Tim

    2013 - 2014 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID: You indicated on your 2013 paid child support in 2012. This form is to be completed by the person who paid child support. Indicate below the name of the person who paid the child support, the name of the person to whom the child

  10. Parent-reported social support for child’s fruit and vegetable intake: validity of measures

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of our study was to develop and validate measures of parental social support to increase their child’s fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. We used a cross-sectional study design by studying participants at school and home. We studied two hundred three parents with at least 1 elemen...

  11. Child Care Is Good Business: A Manual on Employer Supported Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Karen S.

    Many companies today consider employer-sponsored child care a viable solution to problems facing employees who are also parents. Companies can choose from many program options, each with particular benefits for employer and employees. This manual highlights what is presently happening in employer-supported child care, particularly the cost…

  12. Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies: Training Child Care Providers To Support Families. Families Matter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreider, Holly M.; Hurd, Tracey L.

    The Families Matter series of papers from the Harvard Family Research Project advances the concept of family-centered child care, advocating an approach to early childhood education that addresses the development of the child and family together. Grounded in family support principles, which build on family strengths and work from a community's…

  13. Hispanic Fathers and the Child Support Enforcement Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly A. Folse

    1998-01-01

    Descriptive data as well as representative comments from Hispanic non-custodial fathers involved in child support enforcement are presented to document the Hispanic parent experience. The data indicate that the primary concern of fathers is ability to pay The data appear to reflect the economic and employment experience of Hispanic fathers who earn very little and most of whom are supporting

  14. 2012 -2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Tim

    2012 - 2013 CHILD SUPPORT PAID VERIFICATION FORM STUDENT NAME: SPU ID: You indicated on your 2012-2013 FAFSA that you, your spouse or one or both of your parents paid child support in 2011. This form is to be completed by the person who paid child support. Indicate below the name of the person who paid the child

  15. Child Support For Custodial Mothers and Fathers: 1995

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Scoon-Rogers, Lydia.

    1999-01-01

    This resource highlights the economic difficulties faced by many one parent families across race and income lines due to insufficient or nonexistent child support. A joint Census Bureau and Department of Health and Human Services report, it reveals that "about a third (32 percent) of custodial parents who did not receive the child support payments awarded them in 1995 were poor." Based on data collected in the April 1994 and April 1996 supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS), the full text of the report is available in .pdf format at the site, along with detailed tables for 1994 and 1996 and the official press release.

  16. Child Support Awards in Britain: An analysis of data from the Families and Children Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Morris

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the extent to which mothers that care for children where the father is non-resident have an award or agreement for child support in place. Data from the Families and Children Study are used to explore not only whether mothers have an award or order but the type of award they have. Results show that mothers without awards

  17. Social Support: A Mediator between Child Maltreatment and Developmental Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepin, Elise N.; Banyard, Victoria L.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between child maltreatment, social support, and developmental outcomes in first-year college students. Participants were 202 undergraduate students (137 female, 65 male) who completed surveys at two time points: once before entering college and once during their first year of…

  18. Child Support in Context: Comments on Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salt, Robert

    1991-01-01

    This commentary is a response to an article on the impact of child support guidelines on the economic well-being of children by Rettig, Christensen, and Dahl. The response is organized into two sections: a critique of the analyses and recommendations offered by Rettig et al., and a different set of solutions based on a broader definition of the…

  19. Interpreting Child Sexual Abuse: Empathy and Offense-Supportive Cognitions among Child Sex Offenders.

    PubMed

    Hempel, Inge Sarah; Buck, Nicole Maria Leonarda; van Vugt, Eveline Stefanie; van Marle, Hjalmar Johan Carel

    2015-01-01

    Researchers have suggested that child sex offenders hold distorted views on social interactions with children. Misinterpreting children's behavior and intentions could lead to sexually abusive behavior toward children. It is further suggested that the interpretation process is influenced by offenders' offense-supportive cognitions and levels of empathy. To examine the relationships between these three concepts, 47 contact offenders completed self-reports on offense-supportive cognitions and empathy. Vignettes were developed to assess the extent to which offenders attributed responsibility, benefit, and complicity to children in hypothetical child molestation incidents. This study showed that cognitions that justify sexual offending against children seem to diminish the threshold for sexual assault by assigning more cooperation and willingness of the victim in a child molestation incident. PMID:26061021

  20. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application Student's Date of Birth Student's Phone Number (include area code) Student's Email Address B. Child

  1. 2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 20142015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    2014-15 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3-Independent Student Page 1 of 1 2014­2015 Child Support Paid Verification Worksheet V3 - Independent Student Your 2014­2015 Free Application Student's Date of Birth Student's Phone Number (include area code) Student's Email Address B. Child

  2. Coping and social support of parents with a diabetic child.

    PubMed

    Seppänen, S M; Kyngäs, H A; Nikkonen, M J

    1999-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe and understand the parental coping and the social support received by the parents of diabetic children. The parental coping process was followed for a 4-week period after the diagnosis of diabetes. The parents of two girls, whose diabetes was diagnosed in early childhood, served as study subjects. Data were collected by interviewing and observing the parents over four separate periods. The data were analyzed by the time series and content analysis methods. Six phases of parental coping were identified: disbelief, lack of information and guilt, learning to care, normalization, uncertainty and reorganization. In the different phases of parental coping, the parents' experience of stress, coping strategies and sense of control varied. In the phase of disbelief, the parents tried to reject the child's diabetes by questioning the diagnosis. The initial information given to the parents regarding their child's diabetes proved to be important for parental coping. In the phase of lack of information and guilt, the parents sought reasons for their child's diabetes and felt guilty about it. As coping responses, the parents sought support from each other and from people who had experienced the same. In the learning to care phase, they recognized the demands caused by diabetes and took responsibility for the child's care. The parents appreciated supervision based on their problems. In the normalization phase, the parents prepared to return home with the diabetic child. Getting back to normal life was one of the most effective parental coping responses. In the uncertainty phase, the care to be given to the diabetic child changed the daily routines of the family. In the reorganization phase, the parents adapted to the diagnosis of diabetes and to the care of their diabetic child. The parents felt that the life of the family normalized and was able to be controlled. PMID:10894653

  3. Unilateral divorce versus child custody and child support in the U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafael González-Val; Miriam Marcén

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the response of the divorce rate to law reforms introducing unilateral divorce after controlling for law reforms concerning the aftermath of divorce, which are omitted from most previous studies. We introduce two main policy changes that have swept the US since the late 1970s: the approval of the joint custody regime and the Child Support Enforcement program.

  4. The Association of Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Child Externalizing Problems: The Role of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rakow, Aaron; Smith, Daniel; Begle, Angela M.; Ayer, Lynsay

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the role of abuse-specific maternal support in the association between parent depressive symptoms and child externalizing problems in a sample of children with a history of sexual abuse. In total, 106 mother-child dyads were studied. The association between maternal depressive symptoms and child delinquency behaviors was found…

  5. 2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and/or your spouse or your parents, if you are a dependent

    E-print Network

    Huang, Haiying

    2014-2015 Verification of Child Support Paid Please verify the child support paid by you and and submit to the Office of Financial Aid. If you pay child support for a child or children, you cannot count them in the household. Please complete the chart below. Indicate $0 if no child support was paid. Name

  6. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  7. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  8. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  9. 25 CFR 11.608 - Final decree; disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. 11.608 Section...disposition of property; maintenance; child support; custody. (a) A decree...final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. (b) The...

  10. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  11. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  12. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  13. 75 FR 31457 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  14. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  15. 77 FR 74020 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  16. 77 FR 74019 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  17. 77 FR 2299 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  18. 45 CFR 235.70 - Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency. 235.70...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...PROGRAMS § 235.70 Prompt notice to child support or Medicaid agency....

  19. 75 FR 29774 - Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Office of Child Support Enforcement; Privacy Act of 1974; Computer Matching Agreement AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), ACF, HHS....

  20. 45 CFR 303.106 - Procedures to prohibit retroactive modification of child support arrearages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STANDARDS FOR PROGRAM OPERATIONS...

  1. Harmonic biases in child learners: in support of language universals.

    PubMed

    Culbertson, Jennifer; Newport, Elissa L

    2015-06-01

    A fundamental question for cognitive science concerns the ways in which languages are shaped by the biases of language learners. Recent research using laboratory language learning paradigms, primarily with adults, has shown that structures or rules that are common in the languages of the world are learned or processed more easily than patterns that are rare or unattested. Here we target child learners, investigating a set of biases for word order learning in the noun phrase studied by Culbertson, Smolensky, and Legendre (2012) in college-age adults. We provide the first evidence that child learners exhibit a preference for typologically common harmonic word order patterns-those which preserve the order of the head with respect to its complements-validating the psychological reality of a principle formalized in many different linguistic theories. We also discuss important differences between child and adult learners in terms of both the strength and content of the biases at play during language learning. In particular, the bias favoring harmonic patterns is markedly stronger in children than adults, and children (unlike adults) acquire adjective ordering more readily than numeral ordering. The results point to the importance of investigating learning biases across development in order to understand how these biases may shape the history and structure of natural languages. PMID:25800352

  2. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  3. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  4. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  5. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  6. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  7. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  8. 45 CFR 309.105 - What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false What procedures governing child support guidelines must a Tribe or Tribal organization...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  9. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  10. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  11. 45 CFR 309.115 - What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...true What procedures governing the distribution of child support must a Tribe or Tribal organization include...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  12. Understanding child maltreatment in Hanoi: intimate partner violence, low self-control, and social and child care support.

    PubMed

    Emery, Clifton R; Nguyen, Hai Trung; Kim, Jaeyop

    2014-05-01

    This study aimed to understand the role of low self-control, stress, depression, experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse, and social support and child care support in the etiology of child abuse and neglect in Hanoi, Vietnam. The study estimated the prevalence of child maltreatment in a randomly selected, representative cluster sample of 269 Hanoi families. Among these families, 21% reported severe abuse of their children in the past year, 12% reported neglect. Low self-control was found to be strongly associated with child abuse. Life stressors were found to be strongly associated with neglect, but only indirectly with child abuse. Counter-intuitively, a positive interaction between social support and low self-control was found, suggesting that social support of parents low in self-control is associated with more maltreatment. Implications for research, intervention, and criminological theory are discussed. PMID:24368676

  13. The Effect of Joint-Child-Custody Legislation on the Child-Support Receipt of Single Mothers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brandeanna D. AllenJohn; John M. Nunley; Alan Seals

    2011-01-01

    Due to the preponderance of single mothers on public assistance, delinquent child support has been a contentious political\\u000a issue in the U.S. We examine whether joint-child-custody reform affects the child-support receipt of single mothers. We use\\u000a variation in the timing of joint-custody reforms across states to identify the effect of joint custody on the child-support\\u000a receipt of single mothers. Joint-custody

  14. Child Support and Low-Income Families: Perceptions, Practices, and Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, Maureen; Plotnick, Robert

    This report examines why the child support system breaks down for so many low-income families, presenting information from interviews with unmarried mothers and fathers nationwide. Four chapters focus on: (1) "Introduction" (child support policy in California and nationwide); (2) "The National and California Child Support Systems" (California's…

  15. Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office.

    E-print Network

    Champagne, Frances A.

    Child Support Paid 1 Please submit document to your respective Financial Aid Office. STEP 1 (Include Area Code) Email Address STEP 2 ­ CHILD SUPPORT PAID CERTIFICATION You or your spouse, who is a member of your household, certify that child support was paid in 2012. List below the names

  16. Unilateral divorce versus child custody and child support in the U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2012-01-01

    â–º We explore the response of the divorce rate to unilateral divorce reforms. â–º We control for joint custody regime and the Child Support Enforcement program. â–º They counteract the allocation of rights generated by the unilateral divorce. â–º We do not find a reverse response of divorce rates to the unilateral divorce. â–º The decline in divorce rates is

  17. Measuring Perceived Social Support: Development of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malecki, Christine Kerres; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick

    2002-01-01

    Study conducts confirmatory factor, reliability, and correlational analyses of scores on the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS). Analyses revealed evidence of reliability, a four-factor structure (Parent, Teacher, Classmate, and Close Friend subscales), and construct validity. There is evidence that the CASSS can be used to…

  18. Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79

    E-print Network

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Child Care and Other Support Programs VOL. 23 / NO. 2 / FALL 2013 79 Summary The U.S. military has come to realize that providing reliable, high-quality child care for service members' children is a key component of combat readiness. As a result, the Department of Defense (DoD) has invested heavily in child

  19. Bereavement Support for Families Following the Death of a Child from Cancer: Experience of bereaved parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natarlie deCinque; Leanne Monterosso; Gaye Dadd; Ranita Sidhu; Rosemary Macpherson; Samar Aoun

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the experiences and needs of nine parents who had received hospital—based bereavement support following the death of their child from cancer, in Western Australia. Six prominent themes emerged from thematic data analysis: personal grief, personal coping, concern for siblings of the deceased child, hospital bereavement support, community supports and unmet needs. Parents identified the need for more

  20. Bereavement Support for Families Following the Death of a Child from Cancer: Experience of Bereaved Parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natarlie Decinque; Leanne Monterosso; Gaye Dadd; Ranita Sidhu; Rosemary MacPherson; Samar Aoun

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the experiences and needs of nine parents who had received hospital—based bereavement support following the death of their child from cancer, in Western Australia. Six prominent themes emerged from thematic data analysis: personal grief, personal coping, concern for siblings of the deceased child, hospital bereavement support, community supports and unmet needs. Parents identified the need for more

  1. Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felicity W. K. Harper; Amy M. Brown; Ileana Arias; Gene Brody

    2006-01-01

    Previous research on corporal punishment has failed to consider the interaction of parent support and parent gender in predicting child outcomes. The current study examined whether parental support moderated the effects of corporal punishment on child outcomes (i.e., depression and aggression), and more specifically, whether the gender of the supportive parent moderated the effects of punishment from the opposite-sex parent.

  2. How Partnering with Your Child's Caregiver Supports Healthy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Jerlean E.

    2012-01-01

    Jerlean Daniel, PhD, executive director of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, describes what quality child care looks like and how parents and child care providers can work together to nurture young children's healthy development. Dr. Daniel shares information about what to look for in a child care provider, how to…

  3. Child behaviors as a moderator: Examining the relationship between foster parent supports, satisfaction, and intent to continue fostering.

    PubMed

    Cooley, Morgan E; Farineau, Heather M; Mullis, Ann K

    2015-07-01

    Foster parents need access to supports and resources in order to be satisfied with their caregiving role and continue providing foster care services. However, they often experience multiple demands in their role as a substitute caregiver that could lead to stress. Child behaviors especially may be a significant factor when considering sources of strain and may be a potential risk factor for negative outcomes such as dissatisfaction or the decision to discontinue providing foster care. The purpose of this study was to examine whether child disruptive behaviors moderated or influenced the nature or strength of the relationship between foster parent supports and satisfaction as a caregiver as well as intent to continue fostering. The sample consisted of 155 licensed foster caregivers from across the United States. Child behaviors served as a significant moderator between some types of supports and satisfaction. Implications for future research, practice, and policy are discussed. PMID:26012715

  4. The Effect of the New Age of Majority on Preexisting Child Support Settlements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas C. DiPiazza

    1977-01-01

    Since the enactment of the twenty-sixth amendment to the United States Constitution, most states passed legislation lowering the age of majority from twenty-one to eighteen. A crucial question arising from these statutes is whether they affect or should affect child support settlements which provide for support to the child until he or she reaches the age of majority. This note

  5. Impact of Child Support Guidelines on the Economic Well-Being of Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rettig, Kathryn D.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Critiques 3 policy goals of quantitative child support guidelines using a sample of 492 court case records. Child support awards deviated downward from the guidelines, particularly at higher income levels of obligors and upward from the guidelines at lower income levels. Custodial parents contributed higher proportional shares of money income to…

  6. Cognitive-behavioral skills, social supports, and child abuse potential among mothers of handicapped children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maura A. Kirkham; Steven Paul Schinke; Robert F. Schilling; Nancy J. Meltzer; Kristine L. Norelius

    1986-01-01

    This study examined the relationship among cognitive functioning, social support networks, and risk for child abuse in a sample of 92 mothers of developmentally disabled children. Mothers found to be at highest risk for child abuse potential tended to score low on cognitive skills, social support networks, and life satisfaction. Beck Depression Inventory scores were found to explain 57% of

  7. Childhood Physical Abuse, Childhood Social Support, and Adult Child Abuse Potential

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN A. CALISO; JOEL S. MILNER

    1994-01-01

    The childhood experience of physical abuse is believed to be associated with parental child abuse. However, not all parents with a childhood history of abuse are abusive, indicating that factors such as social support may buffer the effects of childhood abuse. To examine the role of social support in the discrimination of physical child abusers and nonabusers, the Childhood Social

  8. 76 FR 67104 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ...Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division...regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Consequently...Department is proposing to revise its civil money penalty regulations to...

  9. 45 CFR 264.30 - What procedures exist to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...to ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement requirements...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OTHER ACCOUNTABILITY...ensure cooperation with the child support enforcement...

  10. 45 CFR 286.155 - May a Tribe condition eligibility for Tribal TANF assistance on assignment of child support to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...TANF assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe? 286...PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL...assistance on assignment of child support to the Tribe?...

  11. Supporting Parent-Child Conversations in a History Museum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Prior, Jess; Dowling, Catherine L.; Frost, Ruth E.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Museums can serve as rich resources for families to learn about the social world through engagement with exhibits and parent-child conversation about exhibits. Aims: This study examined ways of engaging parents and child about two related exhibits at a cultural and history museum. Sample participants consisted of families visiting the…

  12. Family preservation and family support programs: child maltreatment outcomes across client risk levels and program types

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Chaffin; Barbara L Bonner; Robert F Hill

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: This study evaluated client-level outcomes among an entire statewide group of Family Preservation and Family Support (FPFS) programs funded under PL 103-66.Method: A total of 1601 clients (primarily low income, moderate to high risk with no current involvement in the child protection system) were assessed and followed over time for future child maltreatment events reported to Child Protective Services.

  13. Perceived Social Support as a Mediator of the Link Between Intimate Partner Conflict and Child Adjustment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashley E. Owen; Martie P. Thompson; Michelle D. Mitchell; Sigrid Y. Kennebrew; Anuradha Paranjape; Tiffany L. Reddick; Gabrielle L. Hargrove; Nadine J. Kaslow

    2008-01-01

    This study examined if mother or child’s perceived social support decreased the emotional and behavioral consequences of intimate\\u000a partner conflict for 148 African American children ages 8–12. Results revealed that children’s perceived social support mediated\\u000a the relation between intimate partner conflict and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Findings also indicated\\u000a a mediational role of mother’s perceived social support in the

  14. Pathways Between Social Support, Family Well Being, Quality of Parenting, and Child Resilience: What We Know

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary I. Armstrong; Shelly Birnie-Lefcovitch; Michael T. Ungar

    2005-01-01

    We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from

  15. Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2009-01-01

    This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

  16. Child Depressive Symptoms, Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences between African American and European American Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie-Mizell, C. Andre; Pryor, Erin M.; Grossman, Elizabeth R. B.

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Mother and Child samples, we explored the relationships among child and adolescent depressive symptoms, spanking, and emotional support offered to youth. We present cross-sectional and change models for both African Americans and European Americans. Findings showed that regardless of race,…

  17. Teacher Support as a Buffer between Interparental Conflict and Child Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spjeldnes, Solveig; Koeske, Gary; Sales, Esther

    2010-01-01

    This study, conducted in 2004, investigated the direct effect of interparental conflict (IPC) about child-raising issues on the social skills of middle-class US children who attended a suburban preschool and the buffering effect of teacher support (n = 170). Findings indicated that greater IPC was associated with poorer child social skills. The…

  18. The Work-Family Support Roles of Child Care Providers across Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bromer, Juliet; Henly, Julia R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative investigation of the work-family support roles of a sample of 29 child care providers serving low-income families in the Chicago area (16 family, friend, and neighbor providers (FFN), 7 licensed family child care providers (FCC), and 6 center-based teachers). Providers report offering low-income parents…

  19. Non-Licensed Forms of Child Care in Homes: Issues and Recommendations for State Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Gwen; Elliott, Kim; Beaudette, Christine; Azer, Sheri

    Noting the increased interest of states in exploring how they can provide supports to informal child-care providers to improve the quality of care and education that children receive, this report discusses quality initiatives, licensing issues, training, and monitoring of various forms of non-licensed family child care. The types of care…

  20. A Review of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors.

    PubMed

    Cullum, Kristiana G H; Mayo, Ann M

    2015-01-01

    Assessing an instrument's psychometric properties to determine appropriateness for use can be a challenging process. Dissecting the statistical terminology may be even more perplexing. There are several instruments that evaluate adolescents' perceived social support, but a fairly new instrument related to this construct assesses not only the availability of social support but also support for healthy behaviors in this population. The Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors, first published in 2013, demonstrates adequate initial reliability and validity. The purpose of this article is to review the psychometric properties of the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale for Healthy Behaviors and potential uses of the instrument. PMID:26053601

  1. Differentiating between child protection and family support in the Canadian child welfare system's response to intimate partner violence, corporal punishment, and child neglect.

    PubMed

    Trocmé, Nico; Fallon, Barbara; Sinha, Vandna; Van Wert, Melissa; Kozlowski, Anna; Maclaurin, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    Rates of reported child maltreatment nearly doubled in Canada over the period 1998-2003, an increase that reflects growing awareness of the harmful effects of an expanding array of parental behaviors, including corporal punishment, lack of supervision, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Some of these situations may benefit from voluntary family support programs outside of the child welfare system. Analyzing a sample of 11,807 investigations, this paper compares cases where the sole concern is exposure to IPV, or hitting a child, or neglect, or other forms of investigated maltreatment. Situations where exposure to IPV or potentially abusive hitting were the sole reason for investigation presented with fewer risk factors and were less likely to lead to ongoing child welfare interventions compared to other maltreatment investigations. While situations involving alleged neglect presented a higher risk profile and elicited a more intensive child welfare response than did exposure to IPV or hitting, opportunities for alternative services were nevertheless identified. The study also found that visible minority families were overrepresented in cases involving hitting and that Aboriginal families were overrepresented in cases involving neglect. Overall the findings support the development of alternative response programs in Canada. PMID:23597012

  2. The affective structure of supportive parenting: depressive symptoms, immediate emotions, and child-oriented motivation.

    PubMed

    Dix, Theodore; Gershoff, Elizabeth T; Meunier, Leah N; Miller, Pamela C

    2004-11-01

    This study investigated the maternal concerns and emotions that may regulate one form of sensitive parenting, support for children's immediate desires or intentions. While reviewing a videotape of interactions with their 1-year-olds, mothers who varied on depressive symptoms reported concerns and emotions they had during the interaction. Emotions reflected outcomes either to children (child-oriented concerns) or to mothers themselves (parent-oriented concerns). Child-oriented concerns were associated with fewer negative emotions and more supportive behavior. Supportive parenting was high among mothers who experienced high joy and worry and low anger, sadness, and guilt. However, relations depended on whether emotions were child or parent oriented: Supportive behavior occurred more when emotions were child oriented. In addition, as depressive symptoms increased, mothers reported fewer child-oriented concerns, fewer child-oriented positive emotions, and more parent-oriented negative emotions. They also displayed less supportive behavior. Findings suggest that support for children's immediate intentions may be regulated by parents' concerns, immediate emotions, and depressive symptoms. PMID:15535768

  3. Realising the Social Security Rights of Children in South Africa, with particular reference to the Child Support Grant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gladys Mirugi-Mukundi

    The right to social security is guaranteed under the South African Constitution. The realisation of the right to social security for children in South Africa is in the form of child support grant, foster child grant, and care dependency grant. The focus of this article is on child support grant as a means of advancing children rights in South Africa.

  4. Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers: A Child Advocate's Guide to Helping Them Contribute to the Support of Their Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feeley, Theresa J.

    The correlation between a noncustodial father and child poverty suggests that father involvement and support are critical pieces of the puzzle for reducing child poverty. Regular child support provides an income supplement to families leaving welfare and can prevent families' initial descent into poverty. This issue brief is intended to introduce…

  5. Word Order and Information Status in Child Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhan, Bhuvana; Dimroth, Christine

    2008-01-01

    In expressing rich, multi-dimensional thought in language, speakers are influenced by a range of factors that influence the ordering of utterance constituents. A fundamental principle that guides constituent ordering in adults has to do with information status, the accessibility of referents in discourse. Typically, adults order previously…

  6. Word order and information status in child language.

    PubMed

    Narasimhan, Bhuvana; Dimroth, Christine

    2008-04-01

    In expressing rich, multi-dimensional thought in language, speakers are influenced by a range of factors that influence the ordering of utterance constituents. A fundamental principle that guides constituent ordering in adults has to do with information status, the accessibility of referents in discourse. Typically, adults order previously mentioned referents ("old" or accessible information) first, before they introduce referents that have not yet been mentioned in the discourse ("new" or inaccessible information) at both sentential and phrasal levels. Here we ask whether a similar principle influences ordering patterns at the phrasal level in children who are in the early stages of combining words productively. Prior research shows that when conveying semantic relations, children reproduce language-specific ordering patterns in the input, suggesting that they do not have a bias for any particular order to describe "who did what to whom". But our findings show that when they label "old" versus "new" referents, 3- to 5-year-old children prefer an ordering pattern opposite to that of adults (Study 1). Children's ordering preference is not derived from input patterns, as "old-before-new" is also the preferred order in caregivers' speech directed to young children (Study 2). Our findings demonstrate that a key principle governing ordering preferences in adults does not originate in early childhood, but develops: from new-to-old to old-to-new. PMID:17765215

  7. Order and chaos : articulating support, housing transformation

    E-print Network

    Boehm, William Hollister

    1990-01-01

    This thesis presents an exploration on the theme of order and chaos, as a formal and social phenomenon, particularly as it relates to housing. The work stems from an attraction to the messy vitality we find in certain ...

  8. Genetic and adoptive motherhood: stress, marital relationship, and child care support.

    PubMed

    Howat-Rodrigues, Anna Beatriz Carnielli; Tokumaru, Rosana Suemi; de Amorim, Thalita Novaes; Garcia, Agnaldo; Izar, Patrícia

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we characterize adoptive and genetic motherhood with or without stress indicators. Participants were 86 mothers (36 adoptive, 50 genetic) with children from 0 to 12 years old. They answered questions about focal child and mother profile, marital relationship, child care support and the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults. Results showed that mothers in both groups reported child care support, but there was more participation of nonrelatives in the care of adoptive children and relatives in the care of genetic children. There was greater marital stability and less conflict with the arrival of the child in the adoptive families and predominance of stress indicators in genetic mothers. We concluded that, although there are differences between adoptive and genetic motherhood, these do not imply advantages for one versus the other. Moreover, marital stability related to the adoption process and sociodemographic characteristics of adoptive mothers may have contributed to lower prevalence of stress. PMID:23713751

  9. The Mediated and Moderated Effects of Family Support on Child Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has linked parents' social support to decreased child maltreatment, but questions remain surrounding the mechanisms explaining this association. Furthermore, it is unclear whether this association applies to support provided by family alone (and not friends), and whether it is moderated by the presence of neighborhood violence.…

  10. Comprehension of Three Word Orders in Kuwaiti Arabic Child Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aljenaie, Khawla; Farghal, Mohammad

    2009-01-01

    The present project is a case study of 68 Kuwaiti children (aged between 4 and 8) who acted out their interpretation of verbal stimuli involving three word orders in Kuwaiti Arabic Subject Verb Object (SVO), Verb Subject Object (VSO) and Topic-Comment (T-C) by using a set of props. The purpose is to investigate the way Kuwaiti children comprehend…

  11. Birth order, sex of child, and perceptions of parental favoritism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine A. Salmon; Todd K. Shackelford; Richard L. Michalski

    Many studies have examined factors that influence discriminative parental solicitude. Sex, birth order, and age of the mother are a few factors demonstrated to influence levels of parental investment (especially as measured by offspring self-report). One indicator of a high level of parental investment is being a parental favorite. Using self-reports from a sample of several hundred young adults, we

  12. Banking Time in Head Start: Early Efficacy of an Intervention Designed to Promote Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driscoll, Katherine C.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2010-01-01

    Research Findings: This exploratory study encompassed a collaboration to implement and evaluate the early efficacy of Banking Time, a dyadic intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships. Banking Time is a set of one-on-one meetings between a teacher and a child consisting of child-led play and teacher facilitation…

  13. The efficacy of family support and family preservation services on reducing child abuse and neglect: what the literature reveals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca OReilly; Lesley Wilkes; Lauretta Luck; Debra Jackson

    2010-01-01

    Globally, child protection services are under-resourced and unable to meet the demands associated with the increasing numbers of families who are being exposed to child abuse and neglect. Family support and family preservation interventions are the methods cited within the literature as those employed by child protection services to address this issue. Intensive family preservation services and cognitive behavioural therapy

  14. Mothers' and fathers' support for child autonomy and early school achievement.

    PubMed

    2008-07-01

    Data were analyzed from 641 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to test the hypotheses that in the early school years, mothers' and fathers' sensitive support for autonomy in observed parent-child interactions would each make unique predictions to children's reading and math achievement at Grade 3 (controlling for demographic variables), children's reading and math abilities at 54 months, and children's level of effortful control at 54 months and that these associations would be mediated by the level of and changes over time in children's observed self-reliance in the classroom from Grades 1 through 3. The authors found that mothers' and fathers' support for autonomy were significantly and uniquely associated with children's Grade 3 reading and math achievement with the above controls, but only for boys. For boys, the effect of mothers' support for child autonomy was mediated by higher self-reliance at Grade 1 and of fathers' support for child autonomy by greater increases in self-reliance from Grades 1 through 3. PMID:18605822

  15. Minimum Support ICA Using Order Statistics. Part I: Quasi-range Based Support Estimation

    E-print Network

    Verleysen, Michel

    Minimum Support ICA Using Order Statistics. Part I: Quasi-range Based Support Estimation Fr) differences between the N - m + 1-th and m-th order statistics, where N is the sample size and m is a positive Heidelberg 2006 #12;Minimum Support ICA Using Order Statistics, Part I 263 are not necessarily reliable. Let

  16. 5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...the requirements that child care providers must meet in order...CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' HEALTH AND COUNSELING PROGRAMS...Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program...

  17. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  18. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  19. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  20. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  1. 45 CFR 309.65 - What must a Tribe or Tribal organization include in a Tribal IV-D plan in order to demonstrate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...SERVICES TRIBAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (IV-D...administrative agency for child support purposes as specified...that the due process rights of the individuals...and enforcement of support orders; (4) Administrative...and modification of child support...

  2. Maternal age at child birth, birth order, and suicide at a young age: a sibling comparison.

    PubMed

    Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Bjerkeset, Ottar; Vatten, Lars; Janszky, Imre; Gunnell, David; Romundstad, Pål

    2013-04-01

    Previous studies have reported strong associations between birth order, maternal age, and suicide, but these results might have been confounded by socioeconomic and other factors. To control for such factors, we compared suicide risk between siblings and studied how maternal age at child birth and birth order influenced risk in a cohort study of 1,690,306 Norwegians born in 1967-1996 who were followed up until 2008. Using stratified Cox regression, we compared suicide risk within families with 2 or more children in which one died from suicide. Altogether, 3,005 suicides occurred over a mean follow-up period of 15 years; 2,458 of these suicides occurred among 6,741 siblings within families of 2 or more siblings. Among siblings, a higher position in the birth order was positively associated with risk; each increase in birth order was associated with a 46% (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.46, 95% confidence interval: 1.29, 1.66) higher risk of suicide. For each 10-year increase in maternal age at child birth, the offspring's suicide risk was reduced by 57% (adjusted hazard ratio = 0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.30, 0.62). Our study suggests that confounding due to familial factors is not likely to explain the associations of birth order and maternal age at child birth with suicide risk. PMID:23479347

  3. Psychosocial Support for Children: Protecting the rights of child victims and witnesses in transitional justice processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    An Michels

    2010-01-01

    The paper first looks at psychosocial factors that affect children's participation in transitional justice mechanisms. These factors largely determine children's need for protection and support and can reflect children's responses to their involvement in transitional justice processes. A distinction has to be made between psychosocial factors related to the child and his or her experiences during the conflict on the

  4. The Military Child Education Coalition[TM]: Supporting Military Families during Deployment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Surles, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    The Military Child Education Coalition (MCEC[TM]) has recently released a new support for military families facing deployment, with the addition of another kit to its "Growing, Learning, and Understanding: Making Meaning through Early Literacy"[TM] (GLU[TM]) initiative. The GLU initiative focuses on developing early literacy skills in children…

  5. Discrepancies in Parent's and Adult Child's Reports of Support and Contact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandemakers, Jornt J.; Dykstra, Pearl A.

    2008-01-01

    This study uses data on support and contact in 4,055 parent-child dyads drawn from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study to test explanations of reporting discrepancies, which focus on sources of bias and inaccurate reporting. Contrary to the generational stake hypothesis, parents' reports are not characterized by a general positive bias. Consistent…

  6. Effects of Child Characteristics on the Outcomes of a Parent Support Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Alan; Reece, John; Cameron, Christine; Matthews, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Background: Previous research has reported on the effectiveness of the Signposts program for supporting families of children with an intellectual disability and difficult behaviour (Hudson et al., 2003; Hudson, Cameron, & Matthews, 2008). This paper reports on an investigation of the extent to which child characteristics moderate the effectiveness…

  7. Child Support: State Progress in Developing Automated Enforcement Systems. Fact Sheet for Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    In a background report and five appendices, this fact sheet reviews the automation status of state child support enforcement programs, giving particular attention to the status of automation efforts, state and federal officials' views, and reasons for progress or lack of progress. Information was obtained primarily by telephone interviews of…

  8. Grandmother Support, Family Functioning, and Parenting Stress in Families with a Child with a Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tumbarello, Natasha

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship among grandparent support, family functioning, and parental stress on families with children with and without disabilities between the ages of 2 and 12 years. Families are viewed as an ever-changing complex system with reciprocal interactions. One possible stressor on the family system is the birth of a child

  9. A Guide for Designing and Implementing a Case Processing System for Child Support Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Support Enforcement (DHHS), Washington, DC.

    This document was written to provide state and local child support offices with help in refining their case processing systems. The guide is divided into five chapters. Chapter I, Case Processing Overview, defines case processing and the case processing functions and provides a narrative description and graphic illustration of the processes…

  10. The Effects of Welfare and Child Support Policies on Maternal Health and Wellbeing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Knab; Sara McLanahan; Irv Garfinkel

    2007-01-01

    In 1996 the U.S. Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), substantially reducing a family’s rights to income support. PRWORA removed the entitlement to government-provided cash assistance and increased states’ incentives to reduce welfare caseloads. At the same time it increased private responsibilities by encouraging greater work effort from mothers and more child support payments from

  11. Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother-Adult Child Relations.

    PubMed

    Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J Jill; Howard, Abigail R; Pillemer, Karl

    2014-04-01

    Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother-child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers' perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers' reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers' perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

  12. Perceptions of Equity, Balance of Support Exchange, and Mother–Adult Child Relations

    PubMed Central

    Sechrist, Jori; Suitor, J. Jill; Howard, Abigail R.; Pillemer, Karl

    2014-01-01

    Equity theory suggests that relationships are more harmonious when both members of a dyad believe that their exchanges are fair. However, the level and frequency of exchange, rather than perceptions of equity, have been the focus of most research on support and the quality of intergenerational relations. Using data from 1,426 mother–child dyads nested within 413 families collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study, the authors explored whether mothers’ perceptions of equity are better predictors of closeness and tension than are mothers’ reports of balanced exchanges of support. Mixed-model analyses revealed that mothers’ perceptions of equity were more consistent predictors of relationship quality than were the balanced exchanges of support, though the results varied somewhat by gender of adult child. These findings contribute to a growing body of research demonstrating that the psychological processes that shape intergenerational relationships mirror those of other ties. PMID:24683270

  13. Engaging parents in child obesity prevention: support preferences of parents.

    PubMed

    Wolfenden, Luke; Bell, Colin; Wiggers, John; Butler, Michelle; James, Erica; Chipperfield, Kelly

    2012-02-01

    Helping parents engage in practices that are likely to prevent childhood obesity is a considerable challenge for health professionals, policy makers and researchers. The aim of the study was to determine who is likely to use services designed to help parents prevent overweight and obesity and what types of services they prefer. Two hundred and forty randomly selected parents of children 4-15 years from the Hunter New England region of New South Wales completed a 15 min telephone survey. Most parents would use a service to help them prevent obesity in their children but particularly parents of households from higher socioeconomic areas, female parents, parents of younger children and parents of children who are not consuming sufficient serves of fruits and vegetables, or are less active. Parents preferred personalised mailed print materials (85%), specialist appointments (61%) and emailed information (58%). Parents are interested in using a range of services to support them to encourage their children to eat healthily and be active. Researchers should test the efficacy of promising services. PMID:20598070

  14. Prospective Relations between Maternal Autonomy Support and Child Executive Functioning: Investigating the Mediating Role of Child Language Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matte-Gagne, Celia; Bernier, Annie

    2011-01-01

    Although emerging evidence suggests that parental behavior is related to the development of child executive functioning (EF), the mechanisms through which parenting affects child EF have yet to be investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the potential mediating role of child language in the prospective relation between maternal autonomy…

  15. Effects of court-ordered substance abuse treatment in child protective services cases.

    PubMed

    Rittner, B; Dozier, C D

    2000-03-01

    Courts often play active roles in the lives of families supervised by child protective services (CPS). Judges adjudicate dependency, mandate services, determine placements of children, and order continued supervision or termination of parental rights or services. This study examined the effects of court orders in preventing recurrence of substance abuse in the cases of 447 children in kinship care while under CPS supervision. In addition, the effects of court orders on duration of service and on numbers of placements were studied. Results suggested that court interventions had mixed outcomes. Levels of compliance with mandated substance abuse and mental health treatment did not appear to influence rates of reabuse or duration of service. Court orders appeared to affect both the number of caretakers and placements the children experienced. Children adjudicated dependent were more likely to have multiple caretakers than those under voluntary supervision. PMID:10710986

  16. Family Support Builds Stronger Families: The Roots of Family-Supportive Child Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiderman, Ethel

    2009-01-01

    Parent Services Project (PSP) is one model of family support that emerged from the heightened awareness of families' needs. Founded in 1980 to integrate family support into four San Francisco Bay Area early childhood programs, PSP since has spread to more than 800 organizations serving 30,000 families in Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida,…

  17. Estimation in conditional first order autoregression with discrete support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert C. Jung; Gerd Ronning; A. R. Tremayne

    2005-01-01

    We consider estimation in the class of first order conditional linear autoregressive models with discrete support that are\\u000a routinely used to model time series of counts. Various groups of estimators proposed in the literature are discussed: moment-based\\u000a estimators; regression-based estimators; and likelihood-based estimators. Some of these have been used previously and others\\u000a not. In particular, we address the performance of

  18. Beyond Bellagio: addressing the challenge of sustainable child health in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z A Bhutta

    2004-01-01

    Despite the hype and ostensible investments in child survival strategies, the state of child health in much of the developing world is alarming. Not only are global investments and support programmes for child health by the development agencies declining, but commensurate support for maternal and child health by poor countries themselves is poor. In order to make a meaningful contribution

  19. Mother Reports of Maternal Support Following Child Sexual Abuse: Preliminary Psychometric Data on the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Daniel W.; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore; McCart, Michael R.; Ralston, M. Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Maternal support is an important factor in predicting outcomes following disclosure of child sexual abuse; however, definition of the construct has been unclear and existing measures of maternal support are utilized inconsistently and have limited psychometric data. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid…

  20. 5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

  1. 5 CFR 792.220 - What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate in this...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... false What are the requirements that child care providers must meet in order to participate...PROGRAMS Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees-What Is the Child Care Subsidy Program Legislation and to...

  2. A Case of Forced Equity: Obtaining Spousal and Child Support From a Member of the Armed Forces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georgetta Beck

    2010-01-01

    This Comment presents an overview of procedures which the practitioner may employ to obtain spousal and child support from a service member stationed in the United States, identifies problems which may arise in these efforts, and discusses strategies to overcome those obstacles. The first section explains the military procedure for obtaining support and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of that

  3. Current Practice in Meeting Child Health Needs in Family Support Services: Variation by Service Type and Perspectives on Future Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Dolan, Pat; Canavan, John; O'Higgins, Siobhan

    2009-01-01

    The needs of all service users include those related to physical, emotional, sexual and mental health. This article documents where child health needs are recognised and being met within family support services in the west of Ireland, investigates whether there is variation across different types of family support services and presents the views…

  4. Child maltreatment among U.S. Air Force parents deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom.

    PubMed

    Rabenhorst, Mandy M; McCarthy, Randy J; Thomsen, Cynthia J; Milner, Joel S; Travis, Wendy J; Colasanti, Marie P

    2015-02-01

    This study examined child maltreatment perpetration among 99,697 active-duty U.S. Air Force parents who completed a combat deployment. Using the deploying parent as the unit of analysis, we analyzed whether child maltreatment rates increased postdeployement relative to predeployment. These analyses extend previous research that used aggregate data and extend our previous work that used data from the same period but used the victim as the unit of analysis and included only deploying parents who engaged in child maltreatment. In this study, 2% (n = 1,746) of deploying parents perpetrated child maltreatment during the study period. Although no overall differences were found in child maltreatment rates postdeployment compared to predeployment, several maltreatment-related characteristics qualified this finding. Rates for emotional abuse and mild maltreatment were lower following deployment, whereas child maltreatment rates for severe maltreatment were higher following deployment. The finding that rates of severe child maltreatment, including incidents involving alcohol use, were higher postdeployment suggests a need for additional support services for parents following their return from combat deployment, with a focus on returning parents who have an alcohol use problem. PMID:25424846

  5. Supporting New Workers in a Child Welfare Agency: An Exploratory Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rick Csiernik; Carrie Smith; Jennifer Dewar; Laura Dromgole; Arlene ONeill

    2010-01-01

    It takes upwards of 2 years for a child protection worker to fully develop the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions to work independently. Previous studies have shown child protection workers have high levels of stress, and it is common for turnover rates to be high in child welfare. One factor that has been purported to mediate workplace stress is

  6. Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meghan Lynch; Malek Batal

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the strategies they perceive to encourage healthy eating in child care settings.

  7. Sketching to Remember: Episodic Free Recall Task Support for Child Witnesses and Victims with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Michelle L. A.; Dando, Coral J.; Ormerod, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No "tools" exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel…

  8. Child Support and Fatherhood Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

    These hearings transcripts compile testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means focusing on the performance of the child support enforcement program and providing information on current child support and fatherhood proposals. Oral testimony was heard from eight invited witnesses. Three members of Congress…

  9. 2013-2014 Child Support Paid Verification The information requested on this form is needed to process your application for financial aid for the 2013-2014 academic year.

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    2013-2014 Child Support Paid Verification The information requested on this form is needed Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), you indicated that you, your spouse, or your parent, paid child, if applicable) NOT APPLICABLE NAME OF PERSON WHO MADE THE CHILD SUPPORT PAYMENT $ NAME OF PERSON TO WHOM CHILD

  10. The Bourgeois Order and the ‘Normal’ Child: The Case of Ontario, 1867–1900

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reza Barmaki

    2007-01-01

    This study reconstructs the image of the ‘normal’ child in Ontario from 1867 to 1900. During this time period the ‘normal’\\u000a child was modeled after the idealized image of a bourgeois adult. The idealized bourgeois adult was the embodiment of Protestantism,\\u000a industriousness, decency, and culture. Any deviation from this image usually meant delinquency, or lunacy, or both, on the\\u000a part

  11. Research results from a registry supporting efforts to improve maternal and child health in low and middle income countries.

    PubMed

    Goldenberg, Robert L; McClure, Elizabeth M; Bose, Carl L; Jobe, Alan H; Belizán, José M

    2015-01-01

    The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development created and continues to support the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research, a partnership between research institutions in the US and low-middle income countries. This commentary describes a series of 15 papers emanating from the Global Network's Maternal and Newborn Health Registry. Using data from 2010 to 2013, the series of papers describe nearly 300,000 pregnancies in 7 sites in 6 countries - India (2 sites), Pakistan, Kenya, Zambia, Guatemala and Argentina. These papers cover a wide range of topics including several dealing with efforts made to ensure data quality, and others reporting on specific pregnancy outcomes including maternal mortality, stillbirth and neonatal mortality. Topics ranging from antenatal care, adolescent pregnancy, obstructed labor, factors associated with early initiation of breast feeding and maintenance of exclusive breast feeding and contraceptive usage are presented. In addition, case studies evaluating changes in mortality over time in 3 countries - India, Pakistan and Guatemala - are presented. In order to make progress in improving pregnancy outcomes in low-income countries, data of this quality are needed. PMID:26032486

  12. Emergent Literacy in an Early Childhood Classroom: Center Learning to Support the Child with Special Needs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret Genisio; Mary Drecktrah

    1999-01-01

    A child with special needs will flourish and benefit from an early childhood environment that empowers learning. Center learning empowers a child to be actively engaged in self-directed learning based on strength, ability, and interest. Center learning can enhance interactive language, story response, art, reading and writing-like behavior, collaboration, buddy activity, and independence. All of these empowering areas of development

  13. State child mental health efforts to support youth in transition to adulthood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maryann Davis; Diane L. Sondheimer

    2005-01-01

    The ability of state child mental health (MH) systems to facilitate the transition to adulthood of adolescents in their systems was studied by interviewing members of the Children, Youth and Families Division of the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD). Results demonstrated that transition services within the state child MH systems are sparse, nationally. Continuity of services

  14. Child Care Providers' Strategies for Supporting Healthy Eating: A Qualitative Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Meghan; Batal, Malek

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has revealed child care settings and providers to be important influences on children's developing behaviors. Yet most research on children's nutritional development has focused on home settings and parents. Thus, through semistructured interviews with child care providers, this study aimed to develop a better understanding of the…

  15. Resources within "Reason": Resources for Supporting Young Children in the Child Welfare System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinehart, Laura H.; Catlett, Camille

    2011-01-01

    For teachers, working with young children in the child welfare system can be challenging. A high-quality early learning environment has been linked to long-term positive developmental and academic success. But for children in the child welfare system who are facing significant early challenges, a high quality environment can provide the…

  16. An Exploratory Study of the Impacts of an Employer-Supported Child Care Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrissey, Taryn W.; Warner, Mildred E.

    2011-01-01

    Although employer-sponsored child care programs have become more common, there is little empirical research on whether these programs affect employees' satisfaction with child care or their work-life balance, and if effects vary across employee characteristics. In this exploratory study, we administered a survey to employees with children at one…

  17. Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive Versus Controlling Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy S. Grolnick; Carrie E. Price; Krista L. Beiswenger; Christine C. Sauck

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either an evaluation (mothers told their child would be evaluated by other children)

  18. Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

  19. Investment in Child Quality over Marital States. Discussion Paper No. 1320-07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Meta; Flinn, Christopher J.

    2007-01-01

    Policies governing divorce and parenting, such as child support orders and enforcement, child custody regulations, and marital dissolution requirements, can have a large impact on the welfare of parents and children. Recent research has produced evidence on the responses of divorce rates to unilateral divorce laws and child support enforcement. In…

  20. Beyond the Simple Model of Child Care Facilities: Support Spaces for Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenman, Jim

    2006-01-01

    The age of child care building on a wide scale really began in the 1970s. Before that, there had been a history of day nurseries going back to the turn of the century and Lanham Act centers during World War II to provide care for "Rosie the Riveter" mothers in the work force. The "purpose built" child care center was an economical box with almost…

  1. MOMS: maximal-order interpolation of minimal support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thierry Blu; Philippe Thévenaz; Michael Unser

    2001-01-01

    We consider the problem of interpolating a signal using a linear combination of shifted versions of a compactly-sup- ported basis function . We first give the expression of the 's that have minimal support for a given accuracy (also known as \\

  2. Maryland Child Care Business Partnership Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Human Resources, Baltimore. Child Care Administration.

    Building on a pledge to support the state's job growth and successful transitions from welfare to work, the governor of Maryland issued an executive order in 1998 to establish the Maryland Child Care Business Partnership (MCCBP). This partnership, comprised of 23 members representing business, labor, state and local government, and the child care…

  3. A crisis worker's observations on the psychosocial support for victims and families following child sexual abuse; a case study.

    PubMed

    Gibney, Daniel R; Jones, Alyson

    2014-10-01

    The Lancashire Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (SAFE) centre in Preston saw 204 children aged 16 and under for examination following allegation of sexual assault in 2013. The psychological impact on the child is well known but not always addressed correctly or appropriately; the impact and resulting difficulties faced by the parent/carer of the child can also easily go un-noticed. Mrs A attended the centre with her 2 year old daughter in 2013, where I was the crisis worker in the case. She was contacted five months later and the support they received after attending the centre discussed. Her experiences, along with my own anecdotal experiences are discussed. Independent Sexual Assault Advisors (ISVAs) offer support following attendance at the centre, and various charitable organisations offer counselling, emotional and practical support. Health visitors, paediatricians, school nurses and social workers also play a role in looking after children and families following allegations of assault. However, the organisations and agencies involved in psychological aftercare for victims and parents are hindered by strict referral criteria and lack of funding or appropriate specialist expertise. The psychological, educational and behavioural support for parents and children, and specifically pre-trial counselling for children need significant improvement if we are to offer the best support for victims. PMID:25287795

  4. Detecting Hidden Messages Using Higher-Order Statistics and Support Vector Machines

    E-print Network

    Lyu, Siwei

    Detecting Hidden Messages Using Higher-Order Statistics and Support Vector Machines Siwei Lyu-like decomposition to build higher-order statistical models of natural images. Support vector machines are then used,28,17] typically examine first-order statistical distributions of intensity or transform coefficients (e

  5. Child abuse in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Okeahialam, T C

    1984-01-01

    Although child abuse occurs in Nigeria, it has received little attention. This is probably due to the emphasis placed on the more prevalent childhood problems of malnutrition and infection. Another possible reason is the general assumption that in every African society the extended family system always provides love, care and protection to all children. Yet there are traditional child rearing practices which adversely affect some children, such as purposeful neglect or abandonment of severely handicapped children, and twins or triplets in some rural areas. With the alteration of society by rapid socioeconomic and political changes, various forms of child abuse have been identified, particularly in the urban areas. These may be considered the outcome of abnormal interactions of the child, parents/ guardians and society. They include abandonment of normal infants by unmarried or very poor mothers in cities, increased child labour and exploitation of children from rural areas in urban elite families, and abuse of children in urban nuclear families by childminders . Preventive measures include provision of infrastructural facilities and employment opportunities in the rural areas in order to prevent drift of the young population to the cities. This would sustain the supportive role of the extended family system which is rapidly being eroded. There is need for more effective legal protection for the handicapped child, and greater awareness of the existence of child abuse in the community by health and social workers. PMID:6232976

  6. Reasonable Adjustments for Disabled Pupils: What Support "Do" Parents Want for Their Child?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, J.; Georgeson, J.; Daniels, H.; Martin, S.; Feiler, A.

    2013-01-01

    Schools in England (as elsewhere in Europe) have a duty to promote equality for disabled people and make reasonable adjustments for disabled children. There is, however, a degree of uncertainty about how well-placed parents are addressed to use the legislation to ensure their child's needs. This paper presents data drawn from a national…

  7. COMMUNITY-BASED CHILD WELFARE FOR ABORIGINAL CHILDREN: SUPPORTING RESILIENCE THROUGH STRUCTURAL CHANGE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Blackstock; Nico Trocmé

    2005-01-01

    Available data suggest that First Nations children, youth and families in Canada continue to experience multiple and disproportionate human rights violations stemming from colonialism. First Nations child and family service agencies began developing in the 1970s to affirm community- based systems of care and stem the tide of children being placed in non- Aboriginal homes. Although these agencies have demonstrated

  8. Parents Interacting with Infants: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships to Support Social and Emotional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Tweety

    2011-01-01

    One of the findings from the ZERO TO THREE "Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today" (Hart Research Associates, 2009) parent survey was that while the majority of parents understood ways of promoting their child's development, their understanding of the milestones related to social and emotional development was less consistent. This is an important…

  9. Supporting School Professionals through the Establishment of a School District Policy on Child Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Gischlar, Karen L.

    2006-01-01

    School professionals, particularly new teachers and principals, are confronted with myriad challenges throughout their day. Recognizing and reporting child maltreatment is one of these challenges. Research suggests that school personnel are in the best position to identify and report maltreatment because they have consistent daily contact with…

  10. Supporting Secure Parent-Child Attachments: The Role of the Non-Parental Caregiver

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marty, Ana H.; Readdick, Christine A.; Walters, Connor M.

    2005-01-01

    Parent-child attachment has been extensively confirmed as a central contributing factor to children's positive developmental outcomes. Theory and research imply that the non-parental caregiver is an important figure that may assist parents in the development of a secure attachment relationship with their infants. Specific practices that increase…

  11. Your next pediatric patient may not be getting needed child support payments.

    PubMed

    Waldman, H B

    1996-01-01

    The author reviews the personal problems faced by children in single-parent and divorced-parent households, emphasizing the altered economic realities accompanying the dissolution of a marriage or the birth of a child to an unwed mother. PMID:8893986

  12. Sketching to remember: episodic free recall task support for child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Mattison, Michelle L A; Dando, Coral J; Ormerod, Thomas C

    2015-06-01

    Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No 'tools' exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel retrieval technique, Sketch reinstatement of context (Sketch-RC), is compared with mental reinstatement of context and a no support control. Ninety children (45 with ASD; 45 matched typically developing) viewed a stimulus film, and were interviewed using one of the aforementioned techniques. The Sketch-RC technique was most effective, improving ASD participants' remembering without a concomitant increase in intrusions. This procedure offers a population-appropriate method for supporting free recall in criminal justice settings. PMID:25503484

  13. An Analysis of the Order of Acquisition of English Grammatical Morphemes in a Bilingual Child. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chimombo, Moira

    This longitudinal study of bilingual language acquisition analyzes the order of acquisition of English grammatical morphemes in a child bilingual in English and Chichewa (a Bantu lanugage of East Central Africa). The order of acquisition obtained is compared to that obtained by Brown (1973) for monolingual English speaking children and that…

  14. 61 FR 67378 - Processing Garnishment Orders for Child Support and/or Alimony

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1996-12-20

    ...Office, Federal Bldg., 31 Hopkins Plaza, Baltimore, MD 21201...Officer, Boston Regional Office, John F. Kennedy Bldg., Room 400C...Officer, VA Regional Office, John F. Kennedy Bldg., Room 400C...544-0012 Chief Counsel, John C. Stennis Space Center,...

  15. 60 FR 35468 - Processing Garnishment Orders for Child Support and/or Alimony

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1995-07-10

    ...Human Resources Management Director 31 Hopkins Plaza Baltimore, MD 21202-2004 (410...Human Resources Management Director 31 Hopkins Plaza Baltimore, MD 21202-2004 (410...Human Resources Management Director 31 Hopkins Plaza Baltimore, MD 21202-2004...

  16. African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent-Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamborn, Susie D.; Nguyen, Dang-Giao T.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively…

  17. The Development of Linear Ordering Preferences in Child Language: The Influence of Accessibility and Topicality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimroth, Christine; Narasimhan, Bhuvana

    2012-01-01

    When communicating with their interlocutors, adults have a robust preference to order previously mentioned ("old") referents in the discourse before mentioning referents that have not yet been introduced in the discourse ("new"). But in an experimental study investigating phrasal conjuncts, 3- to 5-year-olds acquiring German exhibit a "new-old"…

  18. Synthesis of highly dispersed ceria-zirconia supported on ordered mesoporous alumina.

    PubMed

    Huang, Fei; Zheng, Ying; Li, Zhaohui; Xiao, Yihong; Zheng, Yong; Cai, Guohui; Wei, Kemei

    2011-05-14

    Highly dispersed ceria-zirconia supported on ordered mesoporous alumina, showing higher thermal stability up to 900 °C, has been successfully synthesized via a sol-gel process associated with P123 as the template in ethanol solvent. PMID:21461412

  19. 77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ...2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  20. 78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-20

    ...2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley...1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  1. 75 FR 81684 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ...2010] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2011 The Sarbanes-Oxley...Act''), established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  2. African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Interactions: Kinship Support, Parent–Child Relationships, and Teen Adjustment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susie D. Lamborn; Dang-Giao T. Nguyen

    2004-01-01

    This study examined perceived kinship support and parenting practices for 158 African American adolescents in the 9th and 10th grades. Kinship support showed direct associations with teen outcomes that, for work orientation and school orientation, were partially mediated by parenting practices. With a few exceptions, kinship support was positively associated with youth adjustment for teens from single-parent and 2-parent homes,

  3. Multiplicatively-weighted order-k Minkowski-metric Voronoi models for disaster decision support systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ickjai Lee; Christopher Torpelund-bruin

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we propose a general-purpose disaster support system based on generalized (multiplicatively-weighted order-k Minkowski-metric) Voronoi diagrams. The proposed system is capable of handling disasters (or emergency units) having different weights in the complete order from 1 to k in the three popular Minkowski metrics (Euclidean, Manhattan and Maximum distance space). The proposed model supports neighboring queries, districting queries,

  4. A decision support system for order acceptance\\/rejection in hybrid MTS\\/MTO production systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahdokht Kalantari; Masoud Rabbani; Mahmood Ebadian

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel decision support system for order acceptance\\/rejection in a hybrid Make-to-Stock\\/Make-to-Order production environment. The proposed decision support system is comprised of five steps. At the first step, the customers are prioritized based on a fuzzy TOPSIS method. Rough-cut capacity and rough-cut inventory are calculated in the second step and in case of unavailability in

  5. Investing in HIV services while building Kenya's health system: PEPFAR's support to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Arin; Wallace, Nathan; Savosnick, Peter; Adungosi, John; Kioko, Urbanus Mutuku; Stewart, Scott; Hijazi, Mai; Gichanga, Bedan

    2012-07-01

    Trade-offs may exist between investments to promote health system strengthening, such as investments in facilities and training, and the rapid scale-up of HIV/AIDS services. We analyzed trends in expenditures to support the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) from 2005 to 2010. We examined how expenditures changed over time, considering health system strengthening alongside direct treatment of patients. We focused on two organizations carrying out contracts under PEPFAR: the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and FHI360 (formerly Family Health International), a nonprofit health and development organization. We found that the average unit expenditure, or the spending on goods and services per mother living with HIV who was provided with antiretroviral drugs, declined by 52 percent, from $567 to $271, during this time period. The unit expenditure per mother-to-infant transmission averted declined by 66 percent, from $7,117 to $2,440. Meanwhile, the health system strengthening proportion of unit expenditure increased from 12 percent to 33 percent during the same time period. The analysis suggests that PEPFAR investments in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya became more efficient over time, and that there was no strong evidence of a trade-off between scaling up services and investing in health systems. PMID:22778339

  6. Vibrations of a simply supported beam with a fractional derivative order viscoelastic material model - Supports movement excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freundlich, Jan

    2012-11-01

    The paper presents vibration analysis of a simply supported beam with a fractional order viscoelastic material model. The Bernoulli-Euler beam model is considered. The beam is excited by the supports movement. The Riemann -Liouville fractional derivative of order 0 < ? ? 1 is applied. In the first stage, the steady-state vibrations of the beam are analyzed and therefore the Riemann -Liouville fractional derivative with lower terminal at -? is assumed. This assumption simplifies solution of the fractional differential equations and enables us to directly obtain amplitude-frequency characteristics of the examined system. The characteristics are performed for various values of fractional derivative of order a and values of the Voigt material model parameters.

  7. Fostering Supportive Teacher-Child Relationships: Intervention Implementation in a State-Funded Preschool Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driscoll, Katherine C.; Wang, Lijuan; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: Banking Time is a set of techniques designed to promote positive, supportive relationships through 1-on-1 interactions between teachers and children. Web-based training resources were made available to 252 preschool teachers who received different levels of support as a component of a professional development intervention, and…

  8. Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model

    E-print Network

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Vanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child, support, limits, and affection. Children are respected as individuals within a child-oriented rather than teacher-directed program. At the Vanderbilt Child Care Centers, children are given the opportunity

  9. Support Guidelines.com

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource, created by Laura Wish Morgan, a prominent family law and child support attorney, is offered primarily as an aid to other attorneys "who wish to research the law of child support in general and child support guidelines in particular." The site features links to child support guidelines for each state and the District of Columbia, weekly overviews of current notable child support cases, monthly articles on current legal issues concerning child support, and a collection of related links.

  10. Process Evaluation of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support Study: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial for the Management of Child Obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel A. Jones; Janet M. Warren; Anthony D. Okely; Clare E. Collins; Philip J. Morgan; Dylan P. Cliff; Tracy Burrows; Jane Cleary; Louise A. Baur

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this article are to (a) outline findings from secondary or process outcome data of the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support (HIKCUPS) study and (b) inform the design and development of future research interventions and practice in the management of child obesity. Data were collected by means of facilitator evaluations, independent session observation, attendance records, and

  11. Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

  12. Strategies for Supporting Quality in Kith and Kin Child Care: Findings from the Early Head Start Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Evaluation. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra; Del Grosso, Patricia; Rowand, Cassandra; Banghart, Patti

    2006-01-01

    The high prevalence of kith and kin child care for infants and toddlers, coupled with research evidence suggesting cause for concern about quality in these settings, points to a critical need for policies and programs to support kith and kin caregivers in providing quality care. A number of state and local agencies are exploring strategies for…

  13. Learner Pregnancy--Perceptions on Its Prevalence and the Child Support Grant (CSG) Being the Possible Cause in South African Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naong, Matsidiso Nehemia

    2011-01-01

    Learner pregnancy has recently become a thorn in the flesh for most schools in South Africa, and documentary evidence shows that its prevalence is greater amongst Black public schools than White schools. Within its discourse, more often than not, the Child Support Grant (CSG) has featured prominently in the perceived increase in the pregnancy rate…

  14. Farm to School and the Child Nutrition Act: Improving School Meals through Advocating Federal Support for Farm-to-School Programs. Program Results Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, James

    2011-01-01

    From 2009 to 2010, the Community Food Security Coalition advocated for more federal support and funding for farm-to-school programs as Congress considered reauthorizing the Child Nutrition Act. Farm-to-school initiatives aim to improve the quality and healthfulness of student meals through the inclusion of more fresh fruits and vegetables provided…

  15. Parenting with Positive Behavior Support: A Practical Guide to Resolving Your Child's Difficult Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hieneman, Meme; Childs, Karen; Sergay, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Now the theory and research behind the positive behavior support (PBS) process--an approach already proven effective in schools and community programs--has been transformed into a practical, easy-to-use guide that's perfect for sharing with parents. Developed by educators and families, this user-friendly handbook offers parents easy-to-follow…

  16. A Welcome for Every Child: Care, Education, and Family Support for Infants and Toddlers in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamerman, Sheila B.; Kahn, Alfred J.

    This report on European developments in infant and toddler care services was prepared to help define issues and options for the improvement and expansion of infant and toddler care and family support systems in the United States. Introductory comments suggest that advanced industrialized countries have almost unanimously elected universal but…

  17. Neighbourhood support to families with a disabled child: observations on a coping strategy of caregivers in a Jamaican community-based rehabilitation programme.

    PubMed

    Bischoff, R; Thorburn, M J; Reitmaier, P

    1996-11-01

    In Jamaica, a low degree of practical helpfulness of neighbours of families with a disabled child has been described. This seems to cast doubt on the World Health Organization's concept of community-based rehabilitation which simply assumes that the community is a source of support. Our study tries to elucidate which reasons, in a Jamaican socio-cultural setting, make neighbours give support to or withhold it from disabled children and their caregivers. A concept of neighbourhood help is identified, according to which help is something to be asked for and provided under exceptional circumstances only. Caregivers claim to give and receive support in child rearing within the limits of this definition, generally irrespective of the presence of a disability. The impression that neighbours are unconcerned can arise when the support needed becomes too extensive to fit into the local definition of neighbourhood help--which is more likely in the case of disabled children. PMID:8937751

  18. The Role of Percieved Parent Monitoring and Support on Urban Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew C. AalsmaGilbert; Gilbert C. Liu; Sarah E. Wiehe

    2011-01-01

    Parental practices on problem behavior based on gender and age effects with urban youth were studied. Participants were 8–17 years\\u000a old (N = 3,658; 66% African-American) and logistic regression models were conducted. For pre-teen females, decreased friend monitoring\\u000a was related to high problem behavior; for teen females, lower maternal support and decreased home monitoring were significant.\\u000a None of the models were significant for

  19. A Decision Support System Based upon Economic Order Quantities for use in a Civil Engineering Contractor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Riley; David Brown; Andrew Bailey

    2002-01-01

    A decision support model was created based upon the theory of economic order quantities and maximisation of return for the investor. A new model for maximising return on investment ( ROI ) is presented which provides more reliable results for low cost, small volume items as typified in the construction maintenance environment. The model was incorporated into the materials purchase

  20. Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Bleiweiss

    1998-01-01

    Recent molecular studies have cited the general incompleteness of the fossil record to support claims that most extant avian orders diverged in the mid-Cretaceous, some 40 m.y. before their first fossil appearances in the early Cenozoic. To evaluate these assertions, I used gap analysis to estimate confidence intervals for the beginnings of the observed stratigraphic ranges for the related extant

  1. Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane

    E-print Network

    Strategic Partnership In order to support the continued research efforts of the hurricane forecast: · Recognition in the title of all released hurricane forecast up- dates, reports and news media contacts of media hits such as: Tropics extremely quiet in Atlantic; record drought in major U.S. hurricane

  2. Abstract--In order to support mobile users, the basic Internet protocols have been extended with protocols (e.g.,

    E-print Network

    Pitsillides, Andreas

    1 Abstract-- In order to support mobile users, the basic Internet protocols have been extended to IP enabled mobile devices and mobile networks. In order to support mobile users, the basic Internet and is not possible. In contrast, mobility support at the network layer (Mobile IP) will allow Internet-wide (global

  3. Fabrication of ordered mesoporous carbon film supporting vanadium oxides for electrochemical supercapacitor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Chunxia; Li, Junshen; Cao, Jinqiao; Chen, Wen

    2015-11-01

    Ordered mesoporous carbon film supporting vanadium oxide nanoparticles has been synthesized via ultrasound-assistant impregnation method with ordered mesoporous carbon C-FDU15 film as the host and V2O5 sol as the guest precursor. The hybrids exhibit type IV sorption isotherms with H2 hysteresis loop, indicating the well-retained characteristics of ordered mesoporous structure. The capacitance of the materials is enhanced with V2O5 loading. Particularly, the hybrids with 32.26 wt.% V2O5 loading yield an important capacitance of 128 F/g in 1 mol/L KNO3 electrolyte under a potential range from -0.6 V to 0.6 V. The improved specific capacitance of the hybrids is proposed to be the combination of the double-layer capacitance of ordered porous structure and the pseudocapacitance derived from V2O5.

  4. Ordered nanoporous arrays of carbon supporting high dispersions of platinum nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joo, Sang Hoon; Choi, Seong Jae; Oh, Ilwhan; Kwak, Juhyoun; Liu, Zheng; Terasaki, Osamu; Ryoo, Ryong

    2001-07-01

    Nanostructured carbon materials are potentially of great technological interest for the development of electronic, catalytic and hydrogen-storage systems. Here we describe a general strategy for the synthesis of highly ordered, rigid arrays of nanoporous carbon having uniform but tunable diameters (typically 6 nanometres inside and 9 nanometres outside). These structures are formed by using ordered mesoporous silicas as templates, the removal of which leaves a partially ordered graphitic framework. The resulting material supports a high dispersion of platinum nanoparticles, exceeding that of other common microporous carbon materials (such as carbon black, charcoal and activated carbon fibres). The platinum cluster diameter can be controlled to below 3 nanometres, and the high dispersion of these metal clusters gives rise to promising electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction, which could prove to be practically relevant for fuel-cell technologies. These nanomaterials can also be prepared in the form of free-standing films by using ordered silica films as the templates.

  5. Going-to-Scale with the Early Risers Conduct Problems Prevention Program: Use of a Comprehensive Implementation Support (CIS) System to Optimize Fidelity, Participation and Child Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Bloomquist, Michael L.; August, Gerald J.; Lee, Susanne S.; Lee, Chih-Yuan S.; Realmuto, George M.; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie

    2012-01-01

    The present study is a descriptive report of a comprehensive implementation support (CIS) service that was used to promote high levels of program fidelity in a going-to-scale intervention trial of the Early Risers conduct problems prevention program. The program was delivered across 27 geographically-dispersed, elementary school sites over a two-year period. In this study we examined the level of fidelity achieved by program implementers across intervention components, the rate of child and parent participation across intervention components, and proximal child outcomes targeted by the intervention across two years of programming. Results showed that over the two-year intervention period the program was implemented with high fidelity, participation rates were acceptable, and children made positive gains on target outcomes similar to those found in previous randomized controlled trials. The results suggest that implementation support services may be advantageous in the wide-scale implementation of prevention programs that aim to achieve high implementation fidelity. PMID:23266400

  6. Linking high parity and maternal and child mortality: what is the impact of lower health services coverage among higher order births?

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A number of data sets show that high parity births are associated with higher child mortality than low parity births. The reasons for this relationship are not clear. In this paper we investigate whether high parity is associated with lower coverage of key health interventions that might lead to increased mortality. Methods We used DHS data from 10 high fertility countries to examine the relationship between parity and coverage for 8 child health intervention and 9 maternal health interventions. We also used the LiST model to estimate the effect on maternal and child mortality of the lower coverage associated with high parity births. Results Our results show a significant relationship between coverage of maternal and child health services and birth order, even when controlling for poverty. The association between coverage and parity for maternal health interventions was more consistently significant across countries all countries, while for child health interventions there were fewer overall significant relationships and more variation both between and within countries. The differences in coverage between children of parity 3 and those of parity 6 are large enough to account for a 12% difference in the under-five mortality rate and a 22% difference in maternal mortality ratio in the countries studied. Conclusions This study shows that coverage of key health interventions is lower for high parity children and the pattern is consistent across countries. This could be a partial explanation for the higher mortality rates associated with high parity. Actions to address this gap could help reduce the higher mortality experienced by high parity birth. PMID:24564721

  7. The Anti-Black Order of No Child Left Behind: Using Lacanian Psychoanalysis and Critical Race Theory to Examine NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wun, Connie

    2014-01-01

    During a period in which institutions have been refashioned to meet the demands of a complex social and political economy, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has helped to alter the public educational system. As scholars and researchers examine the material effects of NCLB, efforts to improve the educational system and its effects must also…

  8. Application of higher order spectral features and support vector machines for bearing faults classification.

    PubMed

    Saidi, Lotfi; Ben Ali, Jaouher; Fnaiech, Farhat

    2015-01-01

    Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of rolling element bearings timely and accurately are very important to ensure the reliability of rotating machinery. This paper presents a novel pattern classification approach for bearings diagnostics, which combines the higher order spectra analysis features and support vector machine classifier. The use of non-linear features motivated by the higher order spectra has been reported to be a promising approach to analyze the non-linear and non-Gaussian characteristics of the mechanical vibration signals. The vibration bi-spectrum (third order spectrum) patterns are extracted as the feature vectors presenting different bearing faults. The extracted bi-spectrum features are subjected to principal component analysis for dimensionality reduction. These principal components were fed to support vector machine to distinguish four kinds of bearing faults covering different levels of severity for each fault type, which were measured in the experimental test bench running under different working conditions. In order to find the optimal parameters for the multi-class support vector machine model, a grid-search method in combination with 10-fold cross-validation has been used. Based on the correct classification of bearing patterns in the test set, in each fold the performance measures are computed. The average of these performance measures is computed to report the overall performance of the support vector machine classifier. In addition, in fault detection problems, the performance of a detection algorithm usually depends on the trade-off between robustness and sensitivity. The sensitivity and robustness of the proposed method are explored by running a series of experiments. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve made the results more convincing. The results indicated that the proposed method can reliably identify different fault patterns of rolling element bearings based on vibration signals. PMID:25282095

  9. Detecting Hidden Messages Using Higher-Order Statistics and Support Vector Machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Siwei Lyu; Hany Farid

    2002-01-01

    Techniques for information hiding have become increasingly more sophisticated and widespread. With high-resolution digital images as carriers, detecting hidden messages has become considerably more dicult. This paper describes an approach to detecting hidden messages in images that uses a wavelet-like decomposition to build higher-order statistical models of natural images. Support vector machines are then used to discriminate between untouched and

  10. 76 FR 14110 - Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109 of the Sarbanes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-15

    ...2011] Order Regarding Review of FASB Accounting Support Fee for 2011 Under Section 109...purposes of the securities laws, any accounting principles established by a standard...body shall be payable from an annual accounting support fee assessed and collected...

  11. Child Teacher Relationship Training (CTRT) with Children Exhibiting Disruptive Behavior: Effects on Teachers' Ability to Provide Emotional and Relational Support to Students and on Student-Teachers Relationship Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pronchenko-Jain, Yulia

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of child teacher relationship training (CTRT) on teachers' ability to provide emotional support in the classroom, teachers' use of relationship-building skills, and teachers' level of stress related to the student-child relationship. Teachers and aides from one Head Start school were randomly…

  12. To Spank or Not To Spank: The Effect of Situation and Age of Child on Support for Corporal Punishment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifton P. Flynn

    1998-01-01

    This study examined college students' attitudes toward spanking as a function of the situational context and age of the child. As expected, respondents were more likely to find spanking appropriate for preschool (ages 3–4) and early school age children (ages 7–8) than for older children (ages 11–12). Physical punishment was also viewed as more suitable when the child's misbehavior was

  13. Experience of parenthood, couple relationship, social support, and child-rearing goals in planned lesbian mother families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henny M. W. Bos; Frank van Balen; Dymphna C. van den Boom

    2004-01-01

    Background: The phenomenon of planned lesbian families (i.e., two-mother families in which the child was born to the lesbian relationship) is relatively new and very little research has been conducted among those families. The overall aim of this research was to examine whether planned lesbian mother families differ from heterosexual families on factors that are assumed to influence the parent-child

  14. Structure and order in CoPt-type nanoalloys: From thin films to supported clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreazza, Pascal; Pierron-Bohnes, Véronique; Tournus, Florent; Andreazza-Vignolle, Caroline; Dupuis, Véronique

    2015-06-01

    Among nanoalloys, Co-Pt type (CoPt or FePt) supported nanostructures are very interesting systems due to the direct link between atom arrangement and magnetic behavior. In addition, these alloys become model systems in the field of nanoalloys, due to the diversity of atom arrangements either present in the bulk state or specific to the nanoscale (chemically ordered L10, L12, or disordered fcc structures, core-shell, five-fold structures - icosahedral or decahedral, etc.). The synergy between experimental and modeling efforts has allowed the emergence of an overview of the structural, morphological and chemical behaviors of CoPt-based supported nanoparticles in terms of phase diagrams (temperature, composition, size effect), kinetic behavior (growth, annealing, ordering), and also in terms of environment effects (substrate, capping, matrix, gas) and of magnetic properties. All aspects of this complexity are reviewed: synthesis strategies (physical deposition, cluster beam deposition and wet chemical methods), magnetic behavior (atomic magnetic moment, magnetic anisotropy energy), structural transitions (non-crystalline/crystalline structures, order/disorder, surface/interface segregation), etc. In this field, the investigation techniques, such as electron microscopy and X-ray scattering or absorption techniques, are generally used at their ultimate limit due the small size of the studied objects. Finally, several aspects of the annealing process, which is a key phenomenon to achieve the chemical order, have been discussed in both thermodynamic and kinetic points of view (size effect, critical temperature, annealing time, twinning, coalescence, etc.).

  15. A quantum question order model supported by empirical tests of an a priori and precise prediction.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zheng; Busemeyer, Jerome R

    2013-10-01

    Question order effects are commonly observed in self-report measures of judgment and attitude. This article develops a quantum question order model (the QQ model) to account for four types of question order effects observed in literature. First, the postulates of the QQ model are presented. Second, an a priori, parameter-free, and precise prediction, called the QQ equality, is derived from these mathematical principles, and six empirical data sets are used to test the prediction. Third, a new index is derived from the model to measure similarity between questions. Fourth, we show that in contrast to the QQ model, Bayesian and Markov models do not generally satisfy the QQ equality and thus cannot account for the reported empirical data that support this equality. Finally, we describe the conditions under which order effects are predicted to occur, and we review a broader range of findings that are encompassed by these very same quantum principles. We conclude that quantum probability theory, initially invented to explain order effects on measurements in physics, appears to be a powerful natural explanation for order effects of self-report measures in social and behavioral sciences, too. PMID:24027203

  16. Genome-wide gene order distances support clustering the gram-positive bacteria

    PubMed Central

    House, Christopher H.; Pellegrini, Matteo; Fitz-Gibbon, Sorel T.

    2015-01-01

    Initially using 143 genomes, we developed a method for calculating the pair-wise distance between prokaryotic genomes using a Monte Carlo method to estimate the conservation of gene order. The method was based on repeatedly selecting five or six non-adjacent random orthologs from each of two genomes and determining if the chosen orthologs were in the same order. The raw distances were then corrected for gene order convergence using an adaptation of the Jukes-Cantor model, as well as using the common distance correction D? = ?ln(1-D). First, we compared the distances found via the order of six orthologs to distances found based on ortholog gene content and small subunit rRNA sequences. The Jukes-Cantor gene order distances are reasonably well correlated with the divergence of rRNA (R2 = 0.24), especially at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.2 (R2 = 0.52). Gene content is only weakly correlated with rRNA divergence (R2 = 0.04) over all distances, however, it is especially strongly correlated at rRNA Jukes-Cantor distances of less than 0.1 (R2 = 0.67). This initial work suggests that gene order may be useful in conjunction with other methods to help understand the relatedness of genomes. Using the gene order distances in 143 genomes, the relations of prokaryotes were studied using neighbor joining and agreement subtrees. We then repeated our study of the relations of prokaryotes using gene order in 172 complete genomes better representing a wider-diversity of prokaryotes. Consistently, our trees show the Actinobacteria as a sister group to the bulk of the Firmicutes. In fact, the robustness of gene order support was found to be considerably greater for uniting these two phyla than for uniting any of the proteobacterial classes together. The results are supportive of the idea that Actinobacteria and Firmicutes are closely related, which in turn implies a single origin for the gram-positive cell. PMID:25653643

  17. A Person-centered Approach to Studying the Linkages among Parent–Child Differences in Cultural Orientation, Supportive Parenting, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms in Chinese American Families

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Su Yeong

    2009-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined whether supportive parenting mediates relations between parent– child differences in cultural orientation (generational dissonance) and depressive symptoms with a sample of 451 first and second generation Chinese American parents and adolescents (12–15 years old at time 1). Using a person-centered approach, meaningful typologies of cultural orientation were derived for fathers, mothers, and adolescents. Overall, results provided support, though qualified, for the notion that generational dissonance is linked to depressive symptoms through decreased supportive parenting. In general, having a parent with a bicultural profile seemed to be most advantageous if adolescents similarly had a bicultural profile, whereas more American oriented adolescents with more Chinese oriented parents reported the least supportive parenting and most depressive symptoms. Directions for future research and the benefits of using a person-centered approach in research of acculturation and generational dissonance are discussed. PMID:20725611

  18. Sex bias in child therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edda I. Schweid

    1980-01-01

    Suggests child therapy as an additional area for studying sexual bias in actual therapeutic practice, in response to recommendations by P. A. Maffeo . Data on 477 children seen in therapy support the need for child studies.

  19. Combining data mining and case-based reasoning for intelligent decision support for pathology ordering by general practitioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoe Yan Zhuang; Leonid Churilov; Frada Burstein; Ken Sikaris

    2009-01-01

    Pathology ordering by general practitioners (GPs) is a significant contributor to rising health care costs both in Australia and worldwide. A thorough understanding of the nature and patterns of pathology utilization is an essential requirement for effective decision support for pathology ordering. In this paper a novel methodology for integrating data mining and case-based reasoning for decision support for pathology

  20. Child poverty. Ways forward for the paediatrician: A comprehensive overview of poverty reduction strategies requiring paediatric support.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Suparna; Ford-Jones, Elizabeth

    2015-05-01

    The harmful effects of child poverty are well documented. Despite this, progress in poverty reduction in Canada has been slow. A significant gap exists between what is known about eradicating poverty and its implementation. Paediatricians can play an important role in bridging this gap by understanding and advancing child poverty reduction. Establishment of a comprehensive national poverty reduction plan is essential to improving progress. The present review identifies the key components of an effective poverty reduction strategy. These elements include effective poverty screening, promoting healthy child development and readiness to learn, ensuring food and housing security, providing extended health care coverage for the uninsured and using place-based solutions and team-level interventions. Specific economic interventions are also reviewed. Addressing the social determinants of health in these ways is crucial to narrowing disparities in wealth and health so that all children in Canada reach their full potential. PMID:26038640

  1. Reducing turnover is not enough: The need for proficient organizational cultures to support positive youth outcomes in child welfare

    PubMed Central

    Glisson, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Objective High caseworker turnover has been identified as a factor in the poor outcomes of child welfare services. However, almost no empirical research has examined the relationship between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes in child welfare systems and there is an important knowledge gap regarding whether, and how, caseworker turnover relates to outcomes for youth. We hypothesized that the effects of caseworker turnover are moderated by organizational culture such that reduced caseworker turnover is only associated with improved youth outcomes in organizations with proficient cultures. Methods The study applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) analysis to the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW II) with a U.S. nationwide sample of 2,346 youth aged 1.5- to 18-years-old and 1,544 caseworkers in 73 child welfare agencies. Proficient organizational culture was measured by caseworkers’ responses to the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measure; staff turnover was reported by the agencies’ directors; and youth outcomes were measured as total problems in psychosocial functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) completed by the youths’ caregivers at intake and at 18 month follow-up. Results The association between caseworker turnover and youth outcomes was moderated by organizational culture. Youth outcomes were improved with lower staff turnover in proficient organizational cultures and the best outcomes occurred in organizations with low turnover and high proficiency. Conclusions To be successful, efforts to improve child welfare services by lowering staff turnover must also create proficient cultures that expect caseworkers to be competent and responsive to the needs of the youth and families they serve. PMID:24273363

  2. Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bleiweiss, Robert

    1998-04-01

    Recent molecular studies have cited the general incompleteness of the fossil record to support claims that most extant avian orders diverged in the mid-Cretaceous, some 40 m.y. before their first fossil appearances in the early Cenozoic. To evaluate these assertions, I used gap analysis to estimate confidence intervals for the beginnings of the observed stratigraphic ranges for the related extant avian orders Strigiformes (owls), Caprimulgiformes (goatsuckers), and Apodiformes (swifts, hummingbirds), and for the origin of the common ancestor to this larger megaclade. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the origins of these groups extend no more than 2 m.y. before the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary and are contained within the Paleocene for strigiforms, apodiforms, and the common ancestor to the megaclade. The confidence level that these orders diverged from a common ancestor after the K-T boundary exceeds 99%. Thus, the quality of the fossil record is consistent with the classical view that trophically diverse extant bird orders arose and diversified rapidly following the widespread extinction of other terrestrial groups at the K-T boundary.

  3. Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems. Practice Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M. J.; Read, N. W.

    2012-01-01

    Youth who are involved with the juvenile justice and child welfare systems face many challenges and barriers to academic and vocational success. Regardless of the reasons for their involvement, youth in these systems are "disproportionately children and youth of color who currently have, or have experienced, a host of risk factors that are…

  4. Social Support Perspectives on Programs for Parents: Lessons from the Child Survival/Fair Start Home Visiting Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larner, Mary

    This paper discusses home visiting programs for low income parents and infants and describes five such programs known collectively as the Child Survival/Fair Start (CS/FS) projects, funded by the Ford Foundation. It describes a conceptual model which links risk factors and intervention activities to effects on mothers and children and explains how…

  5. Integrating Evidence-Based Engagement Interventions Into “Real World” Child Mental Health Settings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary M. McKay; Richard Hibbert; Kimberly Hoagwood; James Rodriguez; Laura Murray; Joanna Legerski; David Fernandez

    2004-01-01

    This article focuses on an attempt to integrate evidence-based engagement interventions into ''real world'' outpatient child mental health settings in order to increase access to care for urban youth and their families. More specifically, empirical support for introducing engagement interventions into child clinical settings will be reviewed. Then, specific engagement interventions that are delivered during the initial telephone contact with

  6. Environmental Correlates of Optimal Child Development: A Look at the Maternal Social Support System Moderating Levels of Mother/Child Stress and Home Stimulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kathleen; And Others

    Pre- and post-natal medical, financial, demographic, and maternal social support data were collected from 220 lower socioeconomic status (SES), "high risk" mothers and their newborn infants. Additional data were obtained later from a subsample of 19 boys and 19 girls between 18 and 24 months of age and their mothers. Mothers ranged in age from 15…

  7. Structural influence of ordered mesoporous carbon supports for the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide to alcohols.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min-Ji; Chae, Ho-Jeong; Ha, Kyoung Su; Jeong, Kwang-Eun; Kim, Chul-Ung; Jeong, Soon-Yong; Kim, Tae-Wan

    2013-11-01

    A series of ordered mesoporous carbon materials (OMCs) possessing well-ordered nanoporosity with different mesopore structures were synthesized by the template-synthesis route. Two different pore strucutes (2-dimensional hexagonal and 3-dimensional cubic structures) and two different framework-configurations (rod-type and hollow-type carbon frameworks) are prepared by using the two different silica templates and synthetic conditions. The ordered mesoporous carbon supported promoted-rhodium catalysts were preparted by an incipient wetness method. The promoted Rh-OMC catalysts are tested by a fixed bed reactor for the catalytic conversion of syngas-to-alcohols. The characteristics of the promoted Rh-OMCs catalysts were scrutinized through a series of different techniques, including transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and N2 sorption analysis, and the catalytic performance was tested in a fixed-bed reactor. It was found that the promoted Rh-OMC catalysts exhibited the different catalytic activity and selectivity of alcohols, which could be attributed to the size of metal nanoparticles being confined by the different mesostructure of OMCs. PMID:24245283

  8. 20 CFR 222.18 - “Child in care” when child of the employee is not living with the claimant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...substantial contributions to the child's support. “Contributing to support” is defined in § 222.42. (iii) The child is living apart because of the child's...or (4) The claimant gave the right to custody and control of the...

  9. 20 CFR 222.18 - “Child in care” when child of the employee is not living with the claimant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...substantial contributions to the child's support. “Contributing to support” is defined in § 222.42. (iii) The child is living apart because of the child's...or (4) The claimant gave the right to custody and control of the...

  10. Two-dimensional order in mercury-supported langmuir films of fatty diacids.

    PubMed

    Tamam, Lilach; Ocko, Benjamin M; Deutsch, Moshe

    2012-11-01

    The structure of mercury-supported Langmuir films of dicarboxylic acid molecules with 13 ? n ? 22 carbons is studied by X-ray methods and surface tensiometry. The molecules lie surface-parallel, forming mono-, bi-, or trilayers, depending on coverage. All films exhibit a full 2D order of the same single-molecule oblique unit cell. In particular, the distinct odd-even structure difference of 3D crystals of the same molecules is not observed. The unit cell's width and angle show a small systematic decrease with n, while the length increases commensurately with the molecular length. These results show the films to consist of closely packed, extended, polymer-like chains of diacid molecules, bound by their carboxyl end groups. Evidence is presented for the inclusion of a single mercury atom in the carboxyl-carboxyl bond. The possible conformation of this bond and implications of the parity-independent structure are discussed. PMID:23072520

  11. Don’t Fret, Be Supportive! Maternal Characteristics Linking Child Shyness to Psychosocial and School Adjustment in Kindergarten

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Coplan; Kimberley A. Arbeau; Mandana Armer

    2008-01-01

    The goal of this study was to explore the moderating role of maternal personality and parenting characteristics in the links\\u000a between shyness and adjustment in kindergarten. Participants were 197 children enrolled in kindergarten programs (and their\\u000a mothers and teachers). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, behavioral observations, teacher ratings,\\u000a and individual child interviews. Results indicated that shyness was associated

  12. Women, Work and Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Elizabeth

    This fact sheet provides an array of statistical data on working mothers, such as the need for child care, the child care providers, who supports child care, and work and family. Data sources include a number of federal government and private organizations. Among the statistics highlighted are the following: (1) in 1988, 65 percent of all women…

  13. Child Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than physical ...

  14. Child Poverty and Child Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Jonathan

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the evidence on the prevalence of child poverty in Britain including: (1) how child poverty has changed over the last 20 years; (2) how child poverty in Britain compares with that in other countries; (3) characteristics of poor children; (4) impact of poverty on child well-being; and (5) government attempts to abolish child poverty. (SD)

  15. Clinical decision support for atypical orders: detection and warning of atypical medication orders submitted to a computerized provider order entry system

    PubMed Central

    Woods, Allie D; Mulherin, David P; Flynn, Allen J; Stevenson, James G; Zimmerman, Christopher R; Chaffee, Bruce W

    2014-01-01

    The specificity of medication-related alerts must be improved to overcome the pernicious effects of alert fatigue. A systematic comparison of new drug orders to historical orders could improve alert specificity and relevance. Using historical order data from a computerized provider order entry system, we alerted physicians to atypical orders during the prescribing of five medications: calcium, clopidogrel, heparin, magnesium, and potassium. The percentage of atypical orders placed for these five medications decreased during the 92?days the alerts were active when compared to the same period in the previous year (from 0.81% to 0.53%; p=0.015). Some atypical orders were appropriate. Fifty of the 68 atypical order alerts were over-ridden (74%). However, the over-ride rate is misleading because 28 of the atypical medication orders (41%) were changed. Atypical order alerts were relatively few, identified problems with frequencies as well as doses, and had a higher specificity than dose check alerts. PMID:24253195

  16. Pathways and Partnerships for Child Care Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Child Care, 2011

    2011-01-01

    More than 12 million American children regularly rely on child care to support their healthy development and school success. Of these, over 1.6 million children receive a child care subsidy from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program each month. In addition, CCDF helps leverage child care investments from the Temporary Assistance for…

  17. Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives

    PubMed Central

    Söderberg, Siv; Skär, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults' and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. PMID:24829900

  18. The Use of Peer Support for Parents and Youth Living with the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse: An Innovative Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaggia, Ramona; Michalski, Joseph H.; Vine, Cathy

    1999-01-01

    Describes goals and objectives of Peer Support Program (PSP) developed through inter-agency collaboration initiatives. Examines characteristics of service delivery and level of consumer satisfaction of parents and youth who have participated in peer support program. Discusses implications for intervention with sexually abused youth and parents of…

  19. Role of support-nanoalloy interactions in the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering for tuning catalytic sites

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Lefu; Shan, Shiyao; Loukrakpam, Rameshwori; Petkov, Valeri; Ren, Yang; Wanjala, Bridgid N.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Luo, Jin; Yin, Jun; Chen, Yongsheng; Zhong, Chuan-Jian

    2012-09-12

    The understanding of the atomic-scale structural and chemical ordering in supported nanosized alloy particles is fundamental for achieving active catalysts by design. This report shows how such knowledge can be obtained by a combination of techniques including x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and synchrotron radiation based x-ray fine structure absorption spectroscopy and high-energy x-ray diffraction coupled to atomic pair distribution function analysis, and how the support-nanoalloy interaction influences the catalytic activity of a ternary nanoalloy (platinum-nickel-cobalt) particles on three different supports: carbon, silica and titania. The reaction of carbon monoxide with oxygen is employed as a probe of the catalytic activity. This ternary composition, in combination with the different support materials, is demonstrated to be capable of fine-tuning the catalytic activity and stability. The support-nanoalloy interaction is shown to influence structural and chemical ordering in the nanoparticles, leading to support-tunable active sites on the nanoalloys for oxygen activation in the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide. A nickel/cobalt-tuned catalytic site on the surface of nanoalloy was revealed for oxygen activation, which differs from the traditional oxygen-activation sites known for oxide-supported noble metal catalysts. The discovery of such support-nanoalloy interaction enabled oxygen-activation sites introduces a very promising strategy for designing active catalysts in heterogeneous catalysis.

  20. Predicting the impact of child sexual abuse on women: the role of abuse severity, parental support, and coping strategies.

    PubMed

    Merrill, L L; Thomsen, C J; Sinclair, B B; Gold, S R; Milner, J S

    2001-12-01

    Female Navy recruits (N = 5,226) completed surveys assessing history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), childhood strategies for coping with CSA, childhood parental support, and current psychological adjustment. Both CSA and parental support independently predicted later adjustment. In analyses examining whether CSA victims' functioning was associated with CSA severity (indexed by 5 variables), parental support (indexed by 3 variables), and coping (constructive, self-destructive, and avoidant), the negative coping variables were the strongest predictors. A structural equation model revealed that the effect of abuse severity on later functioning was partially mediated by coping strategies. However. contrary to predictions, the model revealed that childhood parental support had little direct or indirect impact on adult adjustment. PMID:11777126

  1. Positive Adjustment in Youth Post-Katrina: The Impact of Child and Maternal Social Support and Coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia F. Vigna; Brittany C. Hernandez; Valerie Paasch; Arlene T. Gordon; Mary L. Kelley

    This chapter presents results of a longitudinal study conducted with youth and their parents post-Katrina. The study sought\\u000a to identify both individual and family factors predictive of long-term positive adjustment in youth. Results indicated that\\u000a family factors, such as parent-provided social support and coping through family routines and support, were paramount in predicting\\u000a positive outcomes in youth 25–28 months post-Katrina.

  2. A state of high anxiety: how non-supportive interviewers can increase the suggestibility of child witnesses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jehanne Almerigogna; James Ost; Ray Bull; Lucy Akehurst

    2007-01-01

    SUMMARY The present study examined the effects of state and trait anxiety on 8-11 years old children's susceptibility to misleading post-event information. Participants' state and trait anxiety were measured, after which they watched an extract from a children's movie. They were then individually interviewed using either a supportive or a non-supportive style. During the interviews, the children were asked 14

  3. School Quality, Child Wellbeing and Parents' Satisfaction. CEE DP 103

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

    2009-01-01

    In England, the "Every Child Matters" (ECM) initiative has driven important changes in educational services in order to support five key outcomes for children and young people identified by the ECM initiative, namely to "be healthy", to "stay safe", to "enjoy and achieve", to "make a positive contribution" and to "achieve economic wellbeing". The…

  4. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  5. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  6. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  7. Using Implementation Science to Support and Align Practice and System Change: A Case Study of the Catawba County Child Wellbeing Project. Research-to-Results Brief. Publication #2012-17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Allison; Blase, Karen; Bartley, Leah; Wilson, Dawn; Redmond, Phil; Malm, Karin

    2012-01-01

    This is the second brief in a series, "Building a Post-Care Service System in Child Welfare: Lessons Learned from the Frontlines of Implementation Science in Catawba County." This brief describes how implementation science principles informed technical assistance strategies used in Catawba County to support the full and effective use of…

  8. Integrating Family Capacity-Building and Child Outcomes to Support Social Communication Development in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Juliann J.; Brown, Jennifer A.

    2011-01-01

    The focus of this article is on the transactional relationship of research and practice for speech-language pathologists serving infants and toddlers with and at risk for autism spectrum disorder in Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supported early intervention. Specifically, information is provided on (a) the relationship between…

  9. Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive versus Controlling Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grolnick, Wendy S.; Price, Carrie E.; Beiswenger, Krista L.; Sauck, Christine C.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either…

  10. Transactional Associations among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leflot, Geertje; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Verschueren, Karine; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

    2011-01-01

    The links between children's externalizing behaviors and two characteristics of children's social interactions within the classroom, namely, peer social preference and received support from the teacher, were studied in 570 children followed from their 2nd- to 3rd-grade years of elementary school. Data consisted of peer and teacher reports of…

  11. Child Care in Sweden. Fact Sheets on Sweden.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swedish Inst., Stockholm.

    This fact sheet outlines Sweden's policies of government-supported child care and parental insurance provisions. Swedish families receive: (1) free maternity and child health care; (2) child allowances for each child of 9,000 krona per year through age 16; (3) up to 450 days of paid parental leave for the birth of a child, with 360 days paid at 90…

  12. Quality and Accessibility of Child Care The demand for quality child care continues to rise as

    E-print Network

    and training to the state's child care industry, AgriLife Extension's child care conferences directly support. Evidence indicates that professional training and continuing education on the part of child care providersLife Extension Service organizes and conducts training opportunities for current and prospective child care

  13. Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports findings on factors associated with CSG receipt in three settings in South Africa (Paarl in the Western Cape Province, and Umlazi and Rietvlei in KwaZulu-Natal). Methods This study used longitudinal data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial (PROMISE EBF) promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer-counsellors in South Africa (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00397150). 1148 mother-infant pairs were enrolled in the study and data on the CSG were collected at infant age 6, 12, 24 weeks and 18–24 months. A stratified cox proportional hazards regression model was fitted to the data to investigate factors associated with CSG receipt. Results Uptake of the CSG amongst eligible children at a median age of 22 months was 62% in Paarl, 64% in Rietvlei and 60% in Umlazi. Possessing a birth certificate was found to be the strongest predictor of CSG receipt (HR 3.1, 95% CI: 2.4 -4.1). Other factors also found to be independently associated with CSG receipt were an HIV-positive mother (HR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and a household income below R1100 (HR1.7, 95% CI: 1.1 -2.6). Conclusion Receipt of the CSG was sub optimal amongst eligible children showing administrative requirements such as possessing a birth certificate to be a serious barrier to access. In the spirit of promoting and protecting children’s rights, more efforts are needed to improve and ease access to this cash transfer program. PMID:23088827

  14. Highly enhanced dynamics of microdomains ordering by solvent vapor annealing of thin block copolymer films on polymer network supports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsarkova, Larisa; Stenbock-Fermor, Anja; Böker, Alexander; Knoll, Armin; IBM Reserach Collaboration; DWI Team

    2014-03-01

    We studied the solvent driven ordering dynamics of block copolymer films supported by a densely cross-linked organic hard mask (HM) designed for lithographic fabrication. We found that the ordering of microphase separated domains on the HM layer proceeds significantly faster as compared to similar films on silicon wafers. This leads to a pronounced enhancement of the dynamics of both the terrace-formation as well as the long-range lateral ordering of the microdomains. The effect is independent on the chemical structure and volume composition of the studied block copolymers (cylinder-/ lamella-forming). Importantly, enhanced ordering is achieved even at a reduced degree of swelling corresponding to an intermediate to strong segregation regime, when similar films on conventional substrate show very limited ordering. In-situ ellipsometric measurements of the swollen films revealed an insignificant increase by 1-3 vol. % in the solvent up-take by HM-supported films. Therefore we attribute the enhanced dynamics to reduced interactions at the block copolymer/HM-support interface. Apart from immediate technological impact in block copolymer-assisted nanolithography, our findings convey novel insight into effects of molecular architecture on polymer-solvent interactions. Forckenbeckstr. 50 52056 Aachen, Germany.

  15. Child Nutrition

    MedlinePLUS

    A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

  16. 29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

  17. 29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

  18. 29 CFR 2590.609-2 - National Medical Support Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false National Medical Support Notice. 2590.609-2 Section...PLANS Continuation Coverage, Qualified Medical Child Support Orders, Coverage for Adopted Children § 2590.609-2 National Medical Support Notice. (a) This...

  19. Child maltreatment in India.

    PubMed

    Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot

    2013-11-01

    Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

  20. 3 CFR 13605 - Executive Order 13605 of April 13, 2012. Supporting Safe and Responsible Development of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources 13605 Order 13605...Development of Unconventional Domestic Natural Gas Resources By the authority...development of unconventional domestic natural gas resources and associated...

  1. EVALUATING THE CHILD'S LANGUAGE COMPETENCE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KLIMA, URSULA BELLUGI

    LANGUAGE ABILITY IS ESSENTIAL TO A CHILD'S SUCCESS IN SCHOOL, AND THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF COMMUNICATION IS THE CHILD'S ABILITY TO PUT WORDS TOGETHER IN MEANINGFUL PATTERNS. THE ABILITY OF ADULTS TO GIVE AN INTERPRETATION TO NONSENSE LIKE "JABBERWOCKY" DEPENDS ON THE SYNTACTIC CUES GIVEN BY RELATIONAL WORDS AND WORD ORDER. IN ORDER TO FIND OUT…

  2. On Being Bottom of the Pecking Order: Beginner Teachers' Perceptions and Experiences of Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobson, Andrew J.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents findings from a large-scale, longitudinal study of teachers' experiences of initial teacher preparation and early professional development in England. Data were generated via annual surveys, in-depth interviews and email communications. The study established that beginner teachers' perceptions of the support they received…

  3. An Interoperability Framework for the Management of Semantic Metadata in order to support Personalized TV Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chrisa Tsinaraki; Eleni Fatourou; Stavros Christodoulakis

    In this paper, we describe a framework for the management of semantic metadata for audiovisual content description. The main objectives of this work are to provide a framework allowing enhanced retrieval performance, better support in the indexing phase and better user interfaces for audiovisual data, based on extensions of the well accepted international standards for the digital media, digital broadcasting

  4. Translating Higher-Order Specifications to Coq Libraries Supporting Hybrid Proofs

    E-print Network

    Felty, Amy

    and Amy P. Felty1,2 1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Ottawa, Canada 2 School specification language whose syntax supports HOAS. Using this language, we can encode the syntax and inference rules of a variety of formal systems, such as programming languages and logics. We describe our tool

  5. Tool support of orderly transition from informal to formal descriptions in requirements engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Xu; Lingzi Jin; Hong Zhu

    1996-01-01

    In the analysis and specification of user requirements, software engineers are often confronted with difficulties due to the complexity of the problem, the communication barriers between peoples of diverse backgrounds, the inconsistency and incompleteness of user's statement of requirements and frequent changes of user's requirements. This paper reports a tool that supports engineers to cope with these difficulties by automatic

  6. Delineating the Maladaptive Pathways of Child Maltreatment: A Mediated Moderation Analysis of the Roles of Self Perception and Social Support

    PubMed Central

    Appleyard, Karen; Yang, Chongming; Runyan, Desmond K.

    2014-01-01

    The current study investigated concurrent and longitudinal mediated and mediated moderation pathways among maltreatment, self perception (i.e., loneliness and self esteem), social support, and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. For both genders, early childhood maltreatment (i.e., ages 0–6) was related directly to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6, and later maltreatment (i.e., ages 6–8) was directly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 8. Results of concurrent mediation and mediated moderation indicated that early maltreatment was significantly related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 6 indirectly both through age 6 loneliness and self esteem for boys and through age 6 loneliness for girls. Significant moderation of the pathway from early maltreatment to self esteem, and, for boys, significant mediated moderation to emotional and behavioral problems were found, such that the mediated effect through self esteem varied across levels of social support, though in an unexpected direction. No significant longitudinal mediation or mediated moderation was found, however, between the age 6 mediators and moderator and internalizing or externalizing problems at age 8. The roles of the hypothesized mediating and moderating mechanisms are discussed, with implications for designing intervention and prevention programs. PMID:20423545

  7. Child abuse.

    PubMed

    Troiano, Maryann

    2011-12-01

    Child abuse can have a long-lasting and devastating effect on the growth and development of infants, children, and adolescents. Studies of abused and neglected children indicate that they have a higher rate of delayed intellectual development, poor school performance, aggressive behaviors, and social and relationship deficits compared with nonmaltreated children. Early recognition and appropriate treatment is one of the most important factors in preventing further child abuse and maltreatment. Every practitioner should be educated on the signs and symptoms of child abuse. The referral to child protective services is a necessity for the future well-being of the child. PMID:22055898

  8. Quality Child Care: An Investment in Families, an Investment in Colorado's Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bianchi, Jon-Paul

    2009-01-01

    In order for families to support themselves, parents must have access to jobs and the ability to consistently go to work to keep them. Current economic hardships highlight even more clearly this critical connection. One barrier that prevents many working parents from maintaining employment and supporting their families is access to child care. A…

  9. Gold supported on well-ordered ceria films: nucleation, growth and morphology in CO oxidation reaction

    E-print Network

    Gao, Hongjun

    on the oxygen-terminated CeO2(111) terraces. The morphology of Au particles was further examined by STM in situ $1 mbar. Sintering of the Au particles, which mainly proceeds along the step edges of the CeO2 in the literature, those supported on the cerium oxide (CeO2) often show a superior activity ([2­9], and refer

  10. ProfileMe: Hardware Support for Instruction-Level Profiling on Out-of-Order Processors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey Dean; James E. Hicks; Carl A. Waldspurger; William E. Weihl; George Z. Chrysos

    1997-01-01

    Profile data is valuable for identifying performance bottle necks and guiding optimizations. Periodic sampling of a processor's per- formance monitoring hardware is an effective, unobtrusive way to obtain detailed profiles. Unfortunately, existing hardwar e simply counts events, such as cache misses and branch mispredictions, and cannot accurately attribute these events to instructio ns, espe- cially on out-of-order machines. We propose

  11. Cruise tourism externalities and residents' support: A generalized ordered logit analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan Gabriel Brida; Giacomo Del Chiappa; Marta Meleddu; Manuela Pulina

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates residents' preferences towards cruise tourism investment in their home port. The research uses data collected during the peak cruise season in 2011 at Messina, a port of call in Sicily, Italy. A generalized ordered logit analysis is run to analyse what factors influence the residents' preferences towards investment in cruise tourism. Positive and negative externalities produced by

  12. Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 4353 (2008)

    E-print Network

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    2008-01-01

    Infant and Child Development Inf. Child Dev. 17: 43­53 (2008) Published online in Wiley Inter- right # 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key words: imitation; robot learning; developmental robotics; `like learning without any support will have difficulty over- coming the complexity involved even in simple tasks

  13. A universal velocity dispersion profile for pressure supported systems: evidence for MONDian gravity across 12 orders of magnitude in mass

    E-print Network

    Hernandez, X; Cervantes-Sodi, B; Ibarra-Medel, H J; Lopez-Cruz, O

    2015-01-01

    For any MONDian extended theory of gravity where the rotation curves of spiral galaxies are explained through a change in physics rather than the hypothesis of dark matter, a generic dynamical behaviour is expected for pressure supported systems: an outer flattening of the velocity dispersion profile occurring at a characteristic radius, where both the amplitude of this flat velocity dispersion and the radius at which it appears are predicted to show distinct scalings with the total mass of the system. By carefully analysing dynamics of globular clusters, elliptical galaxies and galaxy clusters, we are able to significantly extend the astronomical scales over which MONDian gravity has been tested, from those of spiral galaxies, to the much larger range covered by pressure supported systems. We show that a universal projected velocity dispersion profile accurately describes various classes of pressure supported systems, and further, that the expectations of extended gravity are met, across twelve orders of mag...

  14. Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, early childhood/child development/Department: The National Quality Improvement Center on Early Childhood funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human, early childhood/child development, sociology, anthropology, etc.) are eligible to apply. A student

  15. Capacity building in the health sector to improve care for child nutrition and development.

    PubMed

    Yousafzai, Aisha K; Rasheed, Muneera A; Daelmans, Bernadette; Manji, Sheila; Arnold, Caroline; Lingam, Raghu; Muskin, Joshua; Lucas, Jane E

    2014-01-01

    The effectiveness of interventions promoting healthy child growth and development depends upon the capacity of the health system to deliver a high-quality intervention. However, few health workers are trained in providing integrated early child-development services. Building capacity entails not only training the frontline worker, but also mobilizing knowledge and support to promote early child development across the health system. In this paper, we present the paradigm shift required to build effective partnerships between health workers and families in order to support children's health, growth, and development, the practical skills frontline health workers require to promote optimal caregiving, and the need for knowledge mobilization across multiple institutional levels to support frontline health workers. We present case studies illustrating challenges and success stories around capacity development. There is a need to galvanize increased commitment and resources to building capacity in health systems to deliver early child-development services. PMID:24571217

  16. Including Your Child. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruskin, Susan; Silverman, Kim Schied

    This booklet for parents of young children with special needs provides a variety of child-rearing suggestions as well as an updated listing of resources. After an introduction which defines special needs and summarizes basic principles, the following chapters address: (1) the family as the most important support for a child; (2) the evaluation…

  17. Marital Transitions: A Child's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetherington, E. Mavis; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Reviews research on children's perspective of their parents' divorce and remarriage. Long-time effects are related more to the child's developmental status, sex, and temperament, the qualities of the home and parenting environment, and the resources and support systems available to the parents and child than they are to divorce or remarriage per…

  18. Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida

    PubMed Central

    Mwinyi, Adina; Meyer, Achim; Bleidorn, Christoph; Lieb, Bernhard; Bartolomaeus, Thomas; Podsiadlowski, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Background Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. Results The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula, Sipunculus nudus, is presented. All 37 genes characteristic for metazoan mtDNA were detected and are encoded on the same strand. The mitochondrial gene order (protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes) resembles that of annelids, but shows several derivations so far found only in Sipuncula. Sequence based phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial protein-coding genes results in significant bootstrap support for Annelida sensu lato, combining Annelida together with Sipuncula, Echiura, Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Conclusion The mitochondrial sequence data support a close relationship of Annelida and Sipuncula. Also the most parsimonious explanation of changes in gene order favours a derivation from the annelid gene order. These results complement findings from recent phylogenetic analyses of nuclear encoded genes as well as a report of a segmental neural patterning in Sipuncula. PMID:19149868

  19. Birth order of past presidents and Schlesinger's history cycles: support for Stewart's leadership theory.

    PubMed

    McCann, S J

    2001-04-01

    Stewart's hypothesis (1992) that adults who were only-children and first-born children are most suited to lead communities in more turbulent times while adults who were later-born children are most suited to lead in more tranquil times was tested by relating the male birth order of elected presidents to Schlesinger's 1986 public purpose and private interest periods. Consistent with Stewart's hypothesis, candidates who were only-children and first-born children tended to win during public purpose phases, which are characterized by the turbulence of greater political commitment, idealism, and broad social change. PMID:11351874

  20. Ordered mesoporous phenolic resins: highly versatile and ultra stable support materials.

    PubMed

    Muylaert, Ilke; Verberckmoes, An; De Decker, Jeroen; Van Der Voort, Pascal

    2012-07-15

    Ordered mesoporous phenolic resins and carbons - an advanced class of ultra-stable mesoporous materials - offer potential applications in the field of catalysis, electrodes and adsorbents. This review gives an extensive overview of the main principles and the recent progress made in the synthesis of these innovative materials using the soft-template method. Furthermore, the versatility towards functionalization and the incorporation of hetero-atoms in the organic framework of the mesoporous resins and carbons are considered. Finally, the broad range of potential applications is discussed and future perspectives in the field of mesoporous polymers and carbons are given. PMID:22525791

  1. Supported noble metals on hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanotube arrays as highly ordered electrodes for fuel cells.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Changkun; Yu, Hongmei; Li, Yongkun; Gao, Yuan; Zhao, Yun; Song, Wei; Shao, Zhigang; Yi, Baolian

    2013-04-01

    Hydrogen-treated TiO2 nanotube (H-TNT) arrays serve as highly ordered nanostructured electrode supports, which are able to significantly improve the electrochemical performance and durability of fuel cells. The electrical conductivity of H-TNTs increases by approximately one order of magnitude in comparison to air-treated TNTs. The increase in the number of oxygen vacancies and hydroxyl groups on the H-TNTs help to anchor a greater number of Pt atoms during Pt electrodeposition. The H-TNTs are pretreated by using a successive ion adsorption and reaction (SIAR) method that enhances the loading and dispersion of Pt catalysts when electrodeposited. In the SIAR method a Pd activator can be used to provide uniform nucleation sites for Pt and leads to increased Pt loading on the H-TNTs. Furthermore, fabricated Pt nanoparticles with a diameter of 3.4 nm are located uniformly around the pretreated H-TNT support. The as-prepared and highly ordered electrodes exhibit excellent stability during accelerated durability tests, particularly for the H-TNT-loaded Pt catalysts that have been annealed in ultrahigh purity H2 for a second time. There is minimal decrease in the electrochemical surface area of the as-prepared electrode after 1000 cycles compared to a 68 % decrease for the commercial JM 20 % Pt/C electrode after 800 cycles. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that after the H-TNT-loaded Pt catalysts are annealed in H2 for the second time, the strong metal-support interaction between the H-TNTs and the Pt catalysts enhances the electrochemical stability of the electrodes. Fuel-cell testing shows that the power density reaches a maximum of 500 mWcm(-2) when this highly ordered electrode is used as the anode. When used as the cathode in a fuel cell with extra-low Pt loading, the new electrode generates a specific power density of 2.68 kWg(Pt) (-1) . It is indicated that H-TNT arrays, which have highly ordered nanostructures, could be used as ordered electrode supports. PMID:23450835

  2. Family stressors and child obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Garasky; Susan D. Stewart; Craig Gundersen; Brenda J. Lohman; Joey C. Eisenmann

    2009-01-01

    Child obesity is a public health priority with numerous and complex causes. This study focuses on factors within the family, namely stressful experiences, which may be associated with child obesity. We examine data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for children in two age groups: 5–11 and 12–17years old. Results from an ordered probit

  3. Parent Education: Seeing the Child's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, David

    1996-01-01

    Notes that the critical art of parent education is to bring the parent into the child's world view. Describes current publications from NAMTA's parent education tool kit which support the child's perspective. Includes strategies for generating parent discussion to merge the parent's point of view with that of the child in dealing with conflict.…

  4. From “Child Saving” to “Child Development”?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfred J. Kahn

    What next for the field we now know as “child welfare”? Federal pressure, federal funding, court actions, periodic citizen\\u000a advocacy and occasional citizen or agency recourse to the courts have created a system of sorts, a system constantly undergoing\\u000a change or viewed as poorly implemented. Now, the leadership of our public social services, supportive citizens and foundations,\\u000a policy researchers, and,

  5. "And so They Ordered Me to Kill a Person": Conceptualizing the Impacts of Child Soldiering on the Development of Moral Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wainryb, Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    Approximately 300,000 child soldiers serve in various armed groups around the world, and become directly implicated in the perpetration of kidnappings, killings, and torture. Considering that children construct moral concepts and a sense of themselves as moral beings in the context of their everyday interactions with others, the concern with how…

  6. Telephone and Face-to-Face Interviews with Low-Income Males with Child Care Responsibilities Support Inclusion as a Target Audience in SNAP-Ed.

    PubMed

    Krall, Jodi Stotts; Wamboldt, Patricia; Lohse, Barbara

    2015-06-01

    Federally funded nutrition programs mostly target females. Changes in family dynamics suggest low-income men have an important role in food management responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to inform nutrition education program planning to meet needs of lower-income males. Cross-sectional telephone and face-to-face interviews. Stratified random sample of men (n = 101), 18-59 years of age, with child care responsibilities, living in households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and a convenience sample of adult males (n = 25) recruited from lower income venues. (1) Scripted telephone interviews about health status, eating behaviors, eating competence, food security, technology usage and topics and strategies for nutrition education. (2) In-person cognitive interviews during review of selected online nutrition education lessons. Nutrition education topics of interest, preferred educational strategies, influences on and barriers to intake, eating competence, critiques of online program content, graphics, format. Bivariate correlations, independent t tests, one-way analysis of variance or Chi square, as appropriate. Thematic analyses of cognitive interviews. Of telephone interviewees, 92.1 % prepared meals/snacks for children and 54.5 % made major household food decisions. Taste was the greatest influence on food selection and the greatest barrier to eating healthful foods. Topics of highest interest were "which foods are best for kids" and "how to eat more healthy foods." Preferred nutrition education strategies included online delivery. Online lessons were highly rated. Interactive components were recognized as particularly appealing; enhanced male centricity of lessons was supported. Findings provided compelling evidence for including needs specific to low-income males when planning, designing, and funding nutrition education programs. PMID:25312868

  7. The child in hospital*

    PubMed Central

    1955-01-01

    In 1951 the WHO Regional Office for Europe as a part of its long-term activities in child health initiated plans for a meeting between paediatricians and child psychiatrists, at which they could discuss their respective roles and the co-ordination of their work. Early in 1953 an ad hoc committee was called together to discuss the possibility of holding a conference which would delineate the role of the paediatrician in the management of psychosomatic and behaviour disorders in young children. This committee, consisting of leading specialists in paediatrics and child psychiatry, under the chairmanship of Professor R. Debré (France), felt that any wider conference should be devoted to considering more fully the inter-relation of somatic and psychological processes in sick children, the respective roles of paediatricians and child psychiatrists in their treatment, and the working relations between the different disciplines responsible for the care of children. In order to avoid diffusion of effort, and to arrive as far as possible at practical conclusions, the study group that was subsequently convened in Stockholm concentrated on one important aspect of child care—the child in hospital. PMID:14364192

  8. Spleen removal - child - discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

  9. Helping the Child Develop His Creative Potential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Frank E.

    In order to help the child develop his creative potential, it is necessary to understand (1) what personality characteristics distinguish the potentially creative child from the average child and (2) what environmental conditions, if any, facilitate the development of creative behavior. Research on the contribution of attitude, temperament, and…

  10. Parenting Practices and Child Social Adjustment: Multiple Pathways of Influence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celene E. Domitrovich; Karen L. Bierman

    2001-01-01

    This study explored pathways of influence linking parenting practices, child perceptions of their parents and peers, and social adjustment. Two dimensions of parenting practices were assessed from both parent and child reports: warmth\\/support and hostility\\/ control. Child perceptions of peers also were assessed along these same dimensions. Parenting practices were related to peer-reported social behavior, peer dislike, and child social

  11. Predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families

    PubMed Central

    De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent–child interaction and a secure parent–child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent–child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

  12. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  13. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  14. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  15. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  16. 45 CFR 303.15 - Agreements to use the Federal Parent Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Locator Service (PLS) in parental kidnapping and child custody or visitation cases. 303.15 Section...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION...

  17. Child Development

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and share it with the child’s doctor. More Child Development Facts Developmental Screening Screening for Professionals Positive Parenting Tips Infants (0-1 year) Toddlers (1-2 years) Toddlers (2-3 years) Preschoolers ( ...

  18. Integrating child development with health and nutrition.

    PubMed

    Yee, V

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between health and nutrition is well known. A similar relationship exists between child development and health and between child development and nutrition. Actions favoring child development should be combined with health and nutrition actions that promote child growth. There is accumulating evidence showing the important interplay between nutrition and activities that strengthen a child's environment and the child's interaction with the caregiver. This research suggests that: children's physical growth and development can be improved both by nutrition and by nonnutritional interventions. The interaction between a child's nutritional status and psychosocial development suggests that child feeding should be viewed as a social, developmental, and nutritional process. Opportunities exist within nutrition programs for linkages with child development activities. In the first 4-6 months of life, much of the mother-infant interaction is focused on breastfeeding. During feeding, the child's relationship with the mother grows; the mother can also observe the development of her child's capacities. Other nutrition programs that could be combined with psychosocial components include weaning, center-based supplementary feeding, nutritional recuperation, growth monitoring, and nutrition education. The first 6 years are critical in the formation of intelligence, personality and social behavior and the negative effects of early child deprivation are cumulative. There are many options available for complementary programming that will promote children's development, beginning from early childhood, including: providing direct attention to children through support to child care and development centers, training and supporting parents and other child caregivers, promoting change in community conditions that adversely affect child development, supporting strategies to strengthen national resources and capacities, e.g., strengthening institutions devoted to improving early childhood development, influencing policy and planning through direct advocacy with policy makers, and providing information to the public to create demand and awareness. PMID:12346416

  19. Relationships between restrictive mother-child interactions and anxiety of the child

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heinz Walter Krohne; Michael Hock

    1991-01-01

    The “two-process model” postulates that there are specific associations between patterns of parental child-rearing styles and the development of the child's anxiety and coping dispositions. Besides parameters of parental feedback to the child, this model considers support and restriction to be the central dimensions of child-rearing behavior. The present study aims at assessing behavioral indicators for restriction. For this purpose,

  20. Public Law 107-110 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Support or Threat to Education as a Fundamental Right?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayers, Camille M.

    2006-01-01

    In the United States of America, access to educational opportunity is widely viewed as a fundamental human right. The author explores the origins, content, and intended function of the controversial No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110) which was enacted by the Congress of the United States of America in the hope of closing the achievement…

  1. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  2. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  3. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  4. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  5. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  6. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  7. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  8. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  9. 20 CFR 222.52 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false When a legally adopted child is dependent-general. 222.52 Section...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.52 When a legally adopted child is dependent—general. (a)...

  10. 20 CFR 222.50 - When child dependency determinations are made.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When child dependency determinations are made. 222...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.50 When child dependency determinations are made....

  11. 20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 222.58 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child is living...

  12. 20 CFR 222.51 - When a natural child is dependent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.51 When...basis of the employee's earnings record and the relationship of the child to the employee, the child...

  13. Peer Victimization in Korean Preschool Children: The Effects of Child Characteristics, Parenting Behaviours and Teacher-Child Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shin, Yoolim; Kim, Hye Yeon

    2008-01-01

    This research investigated the influence of child characteristics, parenting behaviours and teacher-child relationships in order to ascertain peer victimization among 297 Korean preschool children. Peer victimization, child social behaviours and teacher-child relationships were assessed through teacher reports. Parents completed parenting…

  14. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  15. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  16. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  17. 45 CFR 302.50 - Assignment of rights to support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Assignment of rights to support. 302.50 Section...Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES... Assignment of rights to support. The State...

  18. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  19. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  20. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  1. 45 CFR 302.51 - Distribution of support collections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...51 Distribution of support collections. The State...assignment of medical support rights under section 1912 of...

  2. Including Your Child

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

  3. Child Care Aware

    MedlinePLUS

    ... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

  4. Child's Hearing Loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... regarding your child?s educational needs in the future. Speech/ Language Pathologist (SLP) This professional will evaluate the impact of your child?s hearing loss on speech/language development, and monitor his/her progress, noting ...

  5. Child Passenger Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Child Passenger Safety Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Technical Report Podcasts on Child Passenger Safety CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety [ ...

  6. How Asthma-Friendly Is Your Child-Care Setting?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Setting? Children with asthma need proper support in child-care settings to keep their asthma under control and ... checklist below to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma: F Is the ...

  7. Teacher education, motivation, compensation, workplace support, and links to quality of center-based child care and teachers’ intention to stay in the early childhood profession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia C. Torquati; Helen Raikes; Catherine A. Huddleston-Casas

    2007-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to present a conceptual model for selection into the early childhood profession and to test the model using contemporaneous assessments. A stratified random sample of center-based child care providers in 4 Midwestern states (n=964) participated in a telephone interview, and 223 were also assessed with the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale—Revised or the Infant–Toddler

  8. Disobedient Child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... privacy, ideas, and personal values? How does the family work out its conflicts? Are disagreements resolved through rational discussion, or do people regularly argue or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms does discipline usually take? How ...

  9. Child Abuse Issues for Child Care Providers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marlys; Koskie, Beth

    Written for child caregivers, this booklet provides very basic information about child abuse and neglect, discusses early warnings that signal when a family is in trouble or when a child is at risk, and indicates how caregivers can helpfully intervene. Also suggested are ways caregivers might protect themselves against the charge of child abuse.…

  10. Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

  11. Parent Emotion Socialization Practices and Child Self-regulation as Predictors of Child Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Cardiac Variability.

    PubMed

    Williams, Sarah R; Woodruff-Borden, Janet

    2015-08-01

    The importance of the parent-child relationship in emotional development is well supported. The parental role of facilitating a child's self-regulation may provide a more focused approach for examining the role of parenting in child anxiety. The current study hypothesized that parent emotion socialization practices would predict a child's abilities in self-regulation. Given that physiological arousal has been implicated in emotional development, this was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between parental emotion socialization and child emotion regulation to predict child anxiety. Eighty-five parent and child dyads participated in the study. Parents reporting higher degrees of unsupportive emotion socialization were more likely to have children with fewer abilities in emotion regulation. Cardiac responsiveness mediated the relationship between unsupportive emotion socialization and child emotion regulation. The model of cardiac responsiveness mediating the relationship between unsupportive emotion socialization and child emotion regulation failed to reach statistical significance in predicting child anxiety symptoms. PMID:25204571

  12. Deactivation mechanism of Pd supported on ordered and non-ordered mesoporous silica in the direct H 2O 2 synthesis using CO 2-expanded methanol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salvatore Abate; Siglinda Perathoner; Gabriele Centi

    The deactivation mechanism of Pd supported on silica and mesoporous silica (SBA-15) using CO2-expanded methanol as solvent was studied in the direct synthesis of H2O2 in batch and semi-continuous batch reactor tests as well as its hydrogenolysis. Fresh and used catalysts were characterized by TPR and CO chemisorption. The results evidence the presence of deactivation, which can be correlated to

  13. Family Support Services in Pediatric Palliative Care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caprice A. Knapp; Nancy Contro

    2009-01-01

    A fundamental premise of pediatric palliative care is that support is provided not only to the ill child but to the family as well. In doing so, a number of services may be offered to family members throughout the child’s illness, at the time of death and into bereavement, such as respite, counseling, expressive therapies, and bereavement support. Support may

  14. Higher weight status of only and last-born children. Maternal feeding and child eating behaviors as underlying processes among 4-8 year olds.

    PubMed

    Mosli, Rana H; Lumeng, Julie C; Kaciroti, Niko; Peterson, Karen E; Rosenblum, Katherine; Baylin, Ana; Miller, Alison L

    2015-09-01

    Birth order has been associated with childhood obesity. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine maternal feeding and child eating behaviors as underlying processes for increased weight status of only children and youngest siblings. Participants included 274 low-income 4-8 year old children and their mothers. The dyads completed a videotaped laboratory mealtime observation. Mothers completed the Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire and the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Child weight and height were measured using standardized procedures. Path analysis was used to examine associations of birth order, maternal feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and child overweight/obese status. The association between only child status and greater likelihood of overweight/obesity was fully mediated by higher maternal Verbal Discouragement to eat and lower maternal Praise (all p values?child Food Fussiness (all p values?support for our hypothesis that maternal control and support and child food acceptance are underlying pathways for the association between birth order and weight status. Future findings can help inform family-based programs by guiding family counseling and tailoring of recommendations for family mealtime interactions. PMID:26009204

  15. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    Sexual abuse is one form of child abuse. It includes a wide range of actions between a child and an adult or older child. ... child for pornography is also sexual abuse. Most sexual abusers know the ... If you think a child may have been abused, it's important to report it.

  16. The Ramah Navajo Child-to-Child Program.

    PubMed

    Lamarine, R J

    1985-01-01

    The international CHILD-to-child program, conceptualized by Dr. David Morley of the University of London, is based on the concept that children in developing nations act as caregivers, teachers, and health workers in their families and communities. The critical component in the program is the ability and willingness of children to become actively involved as care givers. CHILD-to-child is an action-oriented approach that draws upon a vast reservoir of similar programs that have been successful in over forty developing countries of the Third World. Similarities between the Ramah Navajo Community in New Mexico and many Third World nations served as a stimulus in the initiation and development of this project. The Ramah Navajo CHILD-to-child Health Education Project involved the development of a school health education curriculum that supported Native American children in a community-based effort to improve the quality of health care and the standard of living for their families. With funding from the U.S. Department of Education as a national demonstration project, a needs assessment was conducted and a seven-unit curriculum was developed. PMID:20841148

  17. [Vaccinations for traveler child].

    PubMed

    Guérin, N; Sorge, F; Imbert, P; Laurent, C; Banerjee, A; Khelfaoui-Ladraa, F; Gendrel, D

    2007-01-01

    Each year, half a million of children leave France to travel towards countries south or east of the European Union, sometimes in poor sanitary conditions. In order to propose essential or useful immunizations for these trips, the current synthesis will allow the practitioner to insure that the routine French immunization schedule has been followed, and to complete it if needed, to protect the child according to the epidemiological situation in the visited area, to try to reduce the limitations of the immunization of the traveler child. In case of emergency, or close departure, it may be useful to follow an accelerated schedule of the last minute, and, sometimes, to immunize traveler children with a chronic disease. Informations on Internet sites useful for the knowledge of current infectious risks in the destination country are also provided. PMID:17049217

  18. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  19. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  20. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  1. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  2. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  3. 20 CFR 725.220 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  4. 20 CFR 725.208 - Determination of relationship; child.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...is the legally adopted child of such beneficiary...bear the relationship of child to such beneficiary...State law, have the same right as a child to share in the beneficiary's...to contribute to the support of the individual...

  5. Mothering Young Children: Child Care, Stress and Social Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rullo, Giuseppina; Musatti, Tullia

    2005-01-01

    This study focuses on mothers' and young children's everyday social experience by analyzing their social relationships, social support in child care, mother-child interaction, and mothers' evaluations of all these aspects. Three hundred and eighty-four mothers with a child aged between 1 and 3 years, living in a city in Central Italy, were…

  6. Child Advocacy, Report of a National Baseline Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Alfred J.; And Others

    This study defines child advocacy and considers what it can and should become. The contents of the study are divided into the following chapters: Background of Child Advocacy; National Picture; Proposed Focus for Child Advocacy; Advocacy in Action; Program Variables and Search for Results; Overview and Recommendations. The project, supported by a…

  7. "They're Gonna Explain to Us What Makes a Cube a Cube?" Geometrical Properties as Contingent Achievement of Sequentially Ordered Child-Centered Mathematics Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Wolff-Michael; Gardener, Rod

    2012-01-01

    In mathematics education, there is a continuing debate about the nature of mathematics, which some claim to be an objective science, whereas others note its socially and individually constructed nature. From a strict cultural-historical perspective, the objective and subjective sides of mathematics are but manifestations of a higher-order

  8. Evaluating a bereavement follow-up intervention for grieving fathers and their experiences of support after the death of a child--a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Päivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for measuring fathers' experiences of the intervention program. Assessment at 6 months after leaving the hospital showed that intervention fathers reported lower grief reaction scores and stronger personal growth. Intervention fathers reported the most emotional support from both health care personnel and peer supporters. The support received was perceived as helpful in coping, and fathers rated the intervention favorably. The findings support the continuation of the intervention. PMID:24501857

  9. Nanocast Ordered Mesoporous CeO 2 as Support for Highly Active Gold Catalyst in CO Oxidation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huili ZHANG; Xiaojie YAN; Wencui LI

    2009-01-01

    Ordered mesoporous ceria oxides (CeO2) were synthesized by nanocasting using ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) as the template and cerium nitrate as the CeO2 precursor. The as-prepared materials were characterized by thermogravimetry, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and N2 adsorption. The obtained ceria exhibits a 2-D hexagonal ordered structure with a high surface area of up to 167

  10. The unfinished agenda in child survival.

    PubMed

    Bryce, Jennifer; Victora, Cesar G; Black, Robert E

    2013-09-21

    10 years ago, The Lancet published a Series about child survival. In this Review, we examine progress in the past decade in child survival, with a focus on epidemiology, interventions and intervention coverage, strategies of health programmes, equity, evidence, accountability, and global leadership. Knowledge of child health epidemiology has greatly increased, and although more and better interventions are available, they still do not reach large numbers of mothers and children. Child survival should remain at the heart of global goals in the post-2015 era. Many countries are now making good progress and need the time and support required to finish the task. The global health community should show its steadfast commitment to child survival by amassing knowledge and experience as a basis for ever more effective programmes. Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. PMID:24054535

  11. Quantity or Quality: The Impact of Federal Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    1998-01-01

    The bulk of federal funding increases for child care services supports four programs: Head Start, Child Care and Development Fund; Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, and Child and Adult Food Program. Though funding is likely to continue increasing, funding is so poorly orchestrated that additional money may not upgrade the quality of child care…

  12. Change Trajectories for Parent-Child Interaction Sequences during Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Child Physical Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hakman, Melissa; Chaffin, Mark; Funderburk, Beverly; Silovsky, Jane F.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been found to reduce future child abuse reports among physically abusive parents. Reductions in observed negative parenting behaviors mediated this benefit. The current study examined session-by-session interaction sequences in order to identify when during treatment these changes occur and…

  13. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  14. 20 CFR 222.53 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a legally adopted child is dependent-child adopted after entitlement. 222.53 Section 222...THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.53 When a...

  15. Contribution of Infant Characteristics to Child Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frodi, Ann M.

    1981-01-01

    The review suggested that atypical infants/children (with mental, physical, or behavioral abnormalities) are at risk for child abuse. An explanatory model of abuse was outlined and several studies described whose findings provide support for the model. (Author)

  16. Your Child's Immunizations

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations ... receives. Take Our Quiz! Continue The Vaccines Your Child Needs The following vaccinations and schedules are recommended ...

  17. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... noncontact abuse, such as exposure, voyeurism, and child pornography. Sexually abused children may also develop the following: ... in drawings, games, fantasies unusual aggressiveness, or suicidal behavior Child sexual abusers can make the child very ...

  18. Whatever Happened to Project CHILD?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butzin, Sally

    1997-01-01

    Discusses Project CHILD (Computers Helping Instruction and Learning Development), a program promoting active learning and the integration of technology with learning stations. First piloted in Florida in 1991 and adopted by 57 schools, the project's success has been ensured by documentation, updates, encouragement, and support. Describes a day in…

  19. Young Child. [SITE 2002 Section].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yelland, Nicola, Ed.; DeVoogd, Glenn, Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on the young child from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: (1) "Young Children's Computer Use: Perspectives of Early Childhood Teacher Educators" (Mehmet Buldu); (2) "Using Technology To Support Preschool Teachers' Professional Development" (Julie Hirschler…

  20. Child passenger safety: decisions about seating location, airbag exposure, and restraint use.

    PubMed

    Glass, R J; Segui-Gomez, M; Graham, J D

    2000-08-01

    The installation of passenger-side airbags in new vehicles complicates efforts to maximize child safety in motor vehicle crashes. It has been recommended by both public and private organizations that children sit in the rear seat with proper restraint to achieve maximum safety. Drivers now need to decide whether a child should be restrained, where the child should be seated (front versus rear), and whether the child should be seated in front of a passenger-side airbag. This research was undertaken to determine which choice minimizes the risk of fatality to children. Using data from the U.S. Fatality Analysis Reporting System for calendar years 1989 to 1998, fatal vehicle crashes with child passengers younger than 13 years were analyzed. The effectiveness of passenger-side airbags and rear seating for children, by age category and restraint use, was estimated using the double-pair comparison method. For each of four age categories, the fatality risk of each possible combination of restraint use, seating location, and airbag presence was also estimated using logistic regression. Passenger airbags were associated with an increase in child fatality risk of 31% for restrained children, and 84% for unrestrained children. Passenger airbags did appear to offer protection to restrained 9- to 12-year-old children. Restraint use and rear seating were associated with statistically significant reductions in the odds of a child dying in a crash. In order to minimize child fatality risk, parents should seat children in the rear of the vehicle while using the proper child restraint system, especially in vehicles with passenger airbags. These findings support current public education efforts in the United States. PMID:11051075

  1. A Study of the Cycle of Abuse among Child Molesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coxe, Ray; Holmes, William

    2001-01-01

    This study of 147 sex offenders on probation explores whether there is support for the cycle of abuse theory among child molesters. Results indicate that being abused as a child is related to being a child molester. It was also found that the MMPI-2 did not predict the status of the subjects in regard to being abused as a child and having a victim…

  2. The American Child: A Cultural Studies Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levander, Caroline F., Ed.; Singley, Carol J., Ed.

    There has been increased critical interest in the child as a rich and varied site of cultural inscription. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines have turned their attention to the child in order to interrogate how it comes to represent, and often codify, the prevailing ideologies of a given culture or historical period. Noting that narratives…

  3. Guidance document for revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Kudera, D.E.; McMurtrey, C.D.; Meagher, B.G.

    1993-04-01

    This document provides guidance for the revision of DOE Order 5820.2A, ``Radioactive Waste Management.`` Technical Working Groups have been established and are responsible for writing the revised order. The Technical Working Groups will use this document as a reference for polices and procedures that have been established for the revision process. The overall intent of this guidance is to outline how the order will be revised and how the revision process will be managed. In addition, this document outlines technical issues considered for inclusion by a Department of Energy Steering Committee.

  4. Oral language and reading abilities of first-grade Peruvian children: Associations with child and family factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dina C. Castro; Bobbie B. Lubker; Donna M. Bryant; Martie Skinner

    2002-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between selected child and family demographic characteristics (child age, child sex, child birth order, maternal education, and parent language status), family processes (parent-to-child reading at home, and parent expectations about child’s educational attainment), and preschool experience with poor Peruvian first-grade children’s oral language and reading abilities, and examined whether those factors help to explain differences

  5. Factors associated with functioning style and coping strategies of families with a child with an autism spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Higgins, Daryl J; Bailey, Susan R; Pearce, Julian C

    2005-05-01

    A survey of parents/caregivers of a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was conducted to examine the relationship between ASD characteristics, family functioning and coping strategies. Having a child with ASD places considerable stress on the family. Primary caregivers of a child with ASD from a regional and rural area in Victoria, Australia (N = 53) were surveyed concerning their child with ASD, family functioning (adaptability and cohesion), marital satisfaction, self-esteem and coping strategies. Results suggest that these caregivers had healthy self-esteem, although they reported somewhat lower marital happiness, family cohesion and family adaptability than did norm groups. Coping strategies were not significant predictors of these outcome variables. Results highlight the need for support programmes to target family and relationship variables as well as ASD children and their behaviours, in order to sustain the family unit and improve quality of life for parents and caregivers as well as those children. PMID:15857858

  6. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  7. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  8. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  9. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  10. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  11. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  12. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  13. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  14. 45 CFR 303.102 - Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT... Collection of overdue support by State income tax refund...in which medical support rights have been assigned...

  15. 45 CFR 302.54 - Notice of collection of assigned support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT...collection of assigned support. (a) Effective...individuals who have assigned rights to support under...

  16. Child Care Teachers' Perspectives on Including Children with Challenging Behavior in Child Care Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quesenberry, Amanda C.; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.; Hamann, Kira

    2014-01-01

    In this study, 9 teachers from 5 child care centers were interviewed to examine their perceptions on including children with challenging behavior in their classrooms. The findings provide a firsthand view into how child care teachers support children's social and emotional development and address challenging behavior. Results confirm previous…

  17. The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers' Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanigan, Jane D.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the association between child care practices and child care provider knowledge and beliefs about their role in supporting children's healthful eating. Design: Longitudinal design using survey and observation data from baseline and year 1 of the Encouraging Healthy Activity and Eating in Childcare Environments (ENHANCE) pilot…

  18. Individual Differences in Maternal Stress, Child Temperament and Mother-Child Interaction with Developmentally Delayed Preschoolers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcovitch, Sharon; And Others

    Parental stress and supports, child temperament and mother-child interaction in free play were assessed in three groups of families of delayed preschoolers: 40 children with Down's Syndrome, 29 children with neurological impairments, and 40 children with delayed development of unknown etiology. In addition to a number of instruments completed by…

  19. Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB), NIHCD, Report to the NACHHD Council

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Child Development & Behavior (CDB) Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) seeks to improve the health and well-being of individuals from infancy through early adulthood by supporting research into healthy growth and development, including all aspects of child development. The study of typical child

  20. 20 CFR 222.58 - When a child is living with an employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child is living with an employee. 222.58 Section...RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.58 When a child is living with an employee. A child...

  1. Upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Quandary in Cyberspace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Joanne Elaine; McAloney, Kareena

    2010-01-01

    Put in place to protect the rights of the child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is a set of non-negotiable standards. A core principle underpinning the Convention is the child's right to participate fully in social arenas and to access sources of social support without excessive interference. Juxtaposing this is the right of the child

  2. The effects of legislative change on female labour supply : marriage and divorce, child and spousal support, property division and pension splitting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antony Dnes

    1999-01-01

    Although there has been a considerable amount of legislation aimed at marital rights in several countries in recent decades, the implications for women's labor supply has been a comparatively neglected area. In this report, the authors use insights from the economics of marriage , including bargaining theories, to examine the labor-market impact of legislation covering marital and post-marital support obligations,

  3. Adjourning Justice: New York State's Failure to Support Assigned Counsel Violates the Rights of Families in Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheri Bonstelle; Christine Schessler

    2001-01-01

    This Comment evaluates New York City’s framework for assigning counsel to Family Court litigants, known as the 18-B system. Recognizing the lack of government support for 18-B attorneys, the author examines existing proposals to alter the Family Court system, and suggests a plan of action for a legislative task force. The Comment outlines the evolution of the assigned counsel system

  4. Jugando en el Pidi: Active Learning, Early Child Development and Interactive Radio Instruction. Supporting Caregivers, Parents, and Young Children. LearnTech Case Study Series, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosch, Andrea; Crespo, Cecilia

    In 1993, Bolivia was selected as a site to pilot an interactive radio instruction (IRI) project that would provide practical support to adult caregivers and children around early childhood development. Through linkages with health and education networks, PIDI (Programa Integral de Desarrollo Infantil) provided young children under the age of six…

  5. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation of the A PAR Parental Intervention Programme in Portugal. Child Development and Parenting Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nabuco, Maria Emília; Aguiar, Maria Stella; Costa, Cláudia; Morais, Diogo

    2014-01-01

    This cross-sectional study attempts to investigate the effects of the Aprender em Parceria (A PAR) programme, an intervention in early childhood education and parenting support in the suburbs of Great Lisbon which aims to increase the educational achievement of disadvantaged children from birth to six-years-old. A quasi-experimental design was…

  6. Evaluating a Bereavement Follow-Up Intervention for Grieving Fathers and Their Experiences of Support after the Death of a Child--A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aho, Anna Liisa; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi; Sorvari, Leena; Kaunonen, Marja

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for bereaved fathers and their experiences of it in a sample of intervention (n = 62) and control (n = 41) fathers. Data were collected by 3 scales: the Hogan Grief Reactions Checklist, a scale for measuring received social support, and a scale for…

  7. Ordered subset linkage analysis supports a susceptibility locus for age-related macular degeneration on chromosome 16p12

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silke Schmidt; William K Scott; Eric A Postel; Anita Agarwal; Elizabeth R Hauser; John R Gilbert; Michael B Gorin; Jonathan L Haines; Margaret A Pericak-Vance

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that is responsible for the majority of central vision loss in older adults living in developed countries. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity complicate the analysis of genome-wide scans for AMD susceptibility loci. The ordered subset analysis (OSA) method is an approach for reducing heterogeneity, increasing statistical power for detecting linkage, and helping

  8. Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adina Mwinyi; Achim Meyer; Christoph Bleidorn; Bernhard Lieb; Thomas Bartolomaeus; Lars Podsiadlowski

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the segmented Annelida. RESULTS: The first complete mitochondrial genome of a member of Sipuncula,

  9. THE DIFFICULT CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

    THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

  10. Child Care Center APPLICATION

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Child Care Center APPLICATION Child's name:_______________________Date of birth/Expected due date payroll deduction Community #12;Child Care Center Application Process To apply for enrollment at the LSU Child Care Center, this application form must be completed, signed and received with the $45

  11. Probing Membrane Order and Topography in Supported Lipid Bilayers by Combined Polarized Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence-Atomic Force Microscopy

    PubMed Central

    Oreopoulos, John; Yip, Christopher M.

    2009-01-01

    Determining the local structure, dynamics, and conformational requirements for protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions in membranes is critical to understanding biological processes ranging from signaling to the translocating and membranolytic action of antimicrobial peptides. We report here the application of a combined polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy-in situ atomic force microscopy platform. This platform's ability to image membrane orientational order was demonstrated on DOPC/DSPC/cholesterol model membranes containing the fluorescent membrane probe, DiI-C20 or BODIPY-PC. Spatially resolved order parameters and fluorophore tilt angles extracted from the polarized total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy images were in good agreement with the topographical details resolved by in situ atomic force microscopy, portending use of this technique for high-resolution characterization of membrane domain structures and peptide-membrane interactions. PMID:19254557

  12. Child Care 2000: Policy Options for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubeck, Sally; Garrett, Patricia

    1988-01-01

    Presents a conceptual framework for considering policy alternatives for child care based on whether and to what extent an option supports child rearing by family members, or by others. Argues the need for a comprehensive, national policy supported with Federal funds. (FMW)

  13. Assessment of Child Care Quality in Four Counties in Minnesota. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Elizabeth E.; Ceglowski, Deborah

    In order to assess the state of child care in Minnesota, this study examined child care needs, resources, and issues in four counties representing both rural and urban parts of the state. Three sources of information were tapped: (1) the county Child Care Resource and Referral databases; (2) a survey of directors of child care centers; and (3)…

  14. 31 CFR 212.4 - Initial action upon receipt of a garnishment order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...of order for Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...United States or a State child support enforcement agency has...or included a Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...part. (b) Notice of Right to Garnish Federal...

  15. 31 CFR 212.4 - Initial action upon receipt of a garnishment order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...of order for Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...United States or a State child support enforcement agency has...or included a Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...part. (b) Notice of Right to Garnish Federal...

  16. 31 CFR 212.4 - Initial action upon receipt of a garnishment order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...of order for Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...United States or a State child support enforcement agency has...or included a Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...part. (b) Notice of Right to Garnish Federal...

  17. 31 CFR 212.4 - Initial action upon receipt of a garnishment order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...of order for Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...United States or a State child support enforcement agency has...or included a Notice of Right to Garnish Federal Benefits...part. (b) Notice of Right to Garnish Federal...

  18. Concern about Child Weight among Parents of Children At-Risk for Obesity

    PubMed Central

    Seburg, Elisabeth M.; Kunin-Batson, Alicia; Senso, Meghan M.; Crain, A. Lauren; Langer, Shelby L.; Levy, Rona L.; Sherwood, Nancy E.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between parental concern about child weight and weight-related child behaviors, parenting practices, and household characteristics. Methods: Parent-child dyads (N=421) enrolled in a randomized, controlled obesity prevention trial were evaluated at baseline. Results: Parental concern regarding child weight was associated with greater use of restrictive and monitoring feeding practices and lower total child energy intake. Conclusions: Parents expressing greater concern about child weight were more likely to report engaging in strategies to regulate their child’s dietary intake, some of which may inadvertently have negative consequences. Intervention strategies that activate parental concern about child weight should include guidance and support for engaging in feeding practices that support healthful child eating patterns and growth. PMID:25364770

  19. Child maltreatment in families experiencing domestic violence.

    PubMed

    Lee, Li-Ching; Kotch, Jonathan B; Cox, Christine E

    2004-10-01

    This study examined the association between physical domestic violence (PDV) and reported child maltreatment in a cohort of children at risk for maltreatment. Participants were 219 6- to 7-year-old children and their caregivers. PDV was measured by combining caregivers' self-reports and children's reports, while child maltreatment was based on state Division of Social Services Central Registry records. Among 219 child-caregiver pairs studied, 42 (19.2%) had at least one maltreatment report in the 2 years following the interviews. PDV consistently predicted child maltreatment, with adjusted odds ratios ranging from 2.96 to 3.46. In addition, we investigated interactions between PDV and other predictors of child maltreatment. Among Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) participants, PDV was highly associated with child maltreatment. However, this pattern was not observed among subjects who did not have AFDC. There is an increased incidence of child maltreatment reports in families experiencing PDV. AFDC participation intensified the probability of child maltreatment in the presence of PDV. Findings also suggest that in households experiencing PDV, social supports may protect children from maltreatment. PMID:15844726

  20. Expedited family group engagement and child permanency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan Pennell; Myles Edwards; Gale Burford

    2010-01-01

    Family group engagement is a means by which child welfare can involve the family, the extended family, and community supports in making plans for the care of children. Such engagement can enlarge supports to help children stay with their parents or as needed, identify relative caregivers. It, however, would appear especially challenging when children are removed on an emergency basis,

  1. Intelligence, birth order, and family size.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Satoshi

    2012-09-01

    The analysis of the National Child Development Study in the United Kingdom (n = 17,419) replicates some earlier findings and shows that genuine within-family data are not necessary to make the apparent birth-order effect on intelligence disappear. Birth order is not associated with intelligence in between-family data once the number of siblings is statistically controlled. The analyses support the admixture hypothesis, which avers that the apparent birth-order effect on intelligence is an artifact of family size, and cast doubt on the confluence and resource dilution models, both of which claim that birth order has a causal influence on children's cognitive development. The analyses suggest that birth order has no genuine causal effect on general intelligence. PMID:22581677

  2. Child Information: Our Little Village

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    Child Information: Our Little Village Registration Form Today's Date __ _ ____ _ ________________ Child's Last Name First Name Gender Date of Birth ________________________________ Child's Address City Number IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, SPECIFY AUTHORIZED PERSONS TO PICK UP CHILD: Name Relationship Phone Name

  3. Directory of Child-to-Child Activities Worldwide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child-to-Child Trust, London (England). Inst. of Education.

    Child-to-Child ideas and activities represent an approach to health education. Not an alternative program but instead a component of other programs, Child-to-Child emphasizes the role of children as partners within families and communities in promoting better health practices and promotes Child-to-Child activities. This booklet describes…

  4. 20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 222.57 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An...

  5. Undetected and detected child sexual abuse and child pornography offenders.

    PubMed

    Neutze, Janina; Grundmann, Dorit; Scherner, Gerold; Beier, Klaus Michael

    2012-01-01

    Current knowledge about risk factors for child sexual abuse and child pornography offenses is based on samples of convicted offenders, i.e., detected offenders. Only few studies focus on offenders not detected by the criminal justice system. In this study, a sample of 345 self-referred pedophiles and hebephiles was recruited from the community. All participants met DSM-IV-TR criteria for pedophilia or hebephilia (paraphilia not otherwise specified), were assured of confidentiality, and self-reported lifetime sexual offending against prepubescent and/or pubescent children. Two sets of group comparisons were conducted on self-report data of risk factors for sexual reoffending. Measures of risk factors address the following dimensions identified in samples of convicted offenders: sexual preferences (i.e. co-occurring paraphilias), sexual self-regulation problems, offense-supportive cognitions, diverse socio-affective deficits, and indicators of social functioning (e.g., education, employment). Men who admitted current or previous investigation or conviction by legal authorities (detected offenders) were compared with those who denied any detection for their sexual offenses against children (undetected offenders). Group comparisons (detected vs. undetected) were further conducted for each offense type separately (child pornography only offenders, child sexual abuse only offenders, mixed offenders). Although there were more similarities between undetected and detected offenders, selected measures of sexual-self regulation problems, socio-affective deficits, and social functioning data demonstrated group differences. PMID:22420934

  6. Child Behavior Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

  7. Disentangling Child Pornography from Child Sex Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carissa Byrne Hessick

    2011-01-01

    Recent years have seen a significant increase in the criminal penalties associated with possession of child pornography. The new severity appears to be premised on arguments that blur the distinction between those who possess images of child pornography and those who sexually abuse children. In particular, sentences have been increased based on arguments that possession of pornography is equivalent to

  8. Child Care: Who Benefits?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Buckingham

    • Arguments for the public funding of child care rest on the claim that it is a public good—that it provides benefits for the individual and for society, and that investment in child care will reap social and economic payoffs. Perhaps the most abiding and persuasive claim, and the focus of this paper, is that good child care is beneficial

  9. Child Nutrition. Beginnings Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, Jacqueline; Eastman, Wayne; Aird, Laura Dutil; McCrea, Nadine L.

    2002-01-01

    Four workshops focus on nutrition for infants and children in child care settings. Articles are: (1) "Nutrition and Child Development: Global Perspectives" (Jacqueline Hayden); (2) "Working with Families around Nutritional Issues" (Wayne Eastman); (3) "Breastfeeding Promotion in Child Care" (Laura Dutil Aird); and (4) "Food as Shared…

  10. Child Povertyy Prevention Council

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Child Povertyy Prevention Council for Louisianafor Louisiana Implementation Plan February 2009eb ua In response to ACT 559 of the 2008 Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana Implementation Plan ­ 2009 #12;Child Poverty Prevention Council for Louisiana 3

  11. Child Care Bulletin, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document is comprised of six issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on involving communities in child care planning. Topics discussed in this issue include: community mobilization strategies, assessing needs and establishing goals, and…

  12. The Making of the Ordinary Child in Preschool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maarit Alasuutari; Ann-Marie Markström

    2011-01-01

    The article examines parent–teacher conferences in Finnish and Swedish preschools. Previous research has shown that the conferences are mostly about the evaluation of the child. Based on qualitative data, the article studies how this evaluation is done. It asks how the institutional order regarding children is constructed in parent–teacher conferences and what the ordinary child is like that this order

  13. Comparison of Physical Child Abusers, Intrafamilial Sexual Child Abusers, and Child Neglecters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOEL S. MILNER; KEVIN R. ROBERTSON

    1990-01-01

    One hundred and fifty subjects, including 30 physical child abusers, 15 intrafamilial sexual child abusers, 30 child neglecters, and three matched comparison groups were compared on levels of distress, unhappiness, loneliness, rigidity, negative concept of child and self, child problems, and problems from family and others. All child maltreatment groups reported elevated levels of personal distress, unhappiness, loneliness, and rigidity.

  14. As child survival and development advocates: the PFA/UNICEF experience.

    PubMed

    Tirol, V G

    1989-07-01

    The Press Foundation of Asia was founded in 1968 by editors and publishers in Asia and the Pacific. Its activities include an editorial program which publishes several editions of DEPTHnews and a training program for training journalists and other communicators in the skills needed to report news stories in different fields, including child survival and development. The Press Foundation's programs are coordinated by the Foundation secretariate in Manila in coordination with national and regional associates throughout Asia and the Pacific. The UN Childrens Fund selected the Asian Press Foundation as its partner in the Communication Training Project in Support of Child Survival and Development. The objectives of the Project are to make journalists aware of child survival issues, to win the involvement of governments and nongovernmental organizations in child survival, and to create a desire for more information on the subject. The Project conducted a total of 21 workshops for training communicators and produces a monthly newsletter "Asian Women and Children." The workshops concentrate on the presentation of facts related to child survival, the conduction of discussion groups and field trips, and exercises in writing features for newspapers and radio, based on what was learned and seen. As a result of the Foundation's efforts, the city of Tacloban in the Philippines achieved 80% child immunization coverage, and comic book editors and publishers in the Philippines began running health features in comic book format. In order for the media to help in child survival, they must know of the plight of mothers and children, they must be given information in ready-to-use format, they must be dealt with openly, they must be made aware of contrary messages in the media, such as those of the milk companies, they must be given recognition and acknowledgment of their contributions, and they must get feedback. PMID:12282139

  15. Providing Child Care to Military Families: The Role of the Demand Formula in Defining Need and Informing Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moini, Joy S.; Zellman, Gail L.; Gates, Susan M.

    2006-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to meeting the need for child care among military families. DoD supports the largest employer-sponsored system of high-quality child care in the country. Through accredited child development centers (CDCs), family child care (FCC) homes, youth centers, and other after-school programs, DoD currently…

  16. The favoured child?

    PubMed Central

    Jones, D; Dickenson, D; Devereux, J

    1994-01-01

    This case conference concerns a child who has been in care following a diagnosis of emotional abuse and a serious incident of physical abuse. She wants to return home again, and her parents, who had previously scapegoated her, now blame the family's previous ills on her sister instead. The Children Act 1989 gives considerable weight to the child's wishes, but what if the child returns home and is re-abused? In this case conference a child psychiatrist, a philosopher and a lawyer discuss the issues of clinicians' responsibilities, moral luck, and child care law. PMID:8083871

  17. Child Care Indicators, 1998. Part I: Preliminary Figures [and] Part II: County Aggregates, Working Poor Families, Child Care Workforce. Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Bruce; Kipnis, Fran; Siegel, Patricia

    Rising maternal employment, welfare reform, and increased preschool enrollment contribute to accelerating family demand for child care in California, and federal and state governments have responded by doubling support for child care and preschool programs between 1996 and 1999. However, there is little information available on how child care…

  18. Family Welfare Reform Act. Hearings on H.R. 1720 To Replace the Existing AFDC Program with a New Family Support Program...before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (March 30; April 1, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

    These hearings concern proposed legislation to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a new family support program. The new program would emphasize work, child support, and need-based family support supplements. Families would be assisted in obtaining education, training, and employment in order to avoid long-term dependence…

  19. The Role of Supported Joint Engagement and Parent Utterances in Language and Social Communication Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Yoder, Paul J.; Hochman, Julia M.; Watson, Linda R.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined associations between three parent-child engagement states and social communication, expressive language, and receptive language at 8 month follow-up, in 63 preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorder. We extend the literature on supported joint engagement by dividing this state into higher order (HSJE) and lower order

  20. [Child and family in China].

    PubMed

    Witte, A

    1994-06-01

    In 1949, China's population numbered 540 million, which has doubled by 1994. Since the 1960s, the growth rate has been halved to 1.2% a year as a result of family planning and administrative measures. In 1981, the marriage law was released that abolished arranged marriage by the parents, and stressed the equality of the sexes, the legitimate rights of women and children, and monogamy. Family planning and the concept of the one-child family was also endorsed with strong controls on second births and the prohibition of third births. The means were late marriage (the combined age of the couple should reach 50 years), contractual birth allotments from the danwei, state quotas, and one-child certificates facilitating the acquisition of an apartment. Other measures were legal abortion and contraception (sterilization, oral contraceptives, and gossypol for men). In 1982, among the Chinese aged over 15, the majority were married with 0.59% divorced. An average of 20 million children are born in China annually. Children are cared for in day care centers or kindergartens as well as by grandparents. The former are located in factories, companies, and schools and are cost-free for employees. Other day care centers and kindergartens are run by committees in cities and villages supported by the state. The Confucian concept of raising children commands respect for the old and love of the children, who also fall under the attention of the danwei, a traditional community force. This principle subjects individualism to the group. The mother-child contact is reinforced by carrying the child on the back especially in rural areas. The one-child family promoted by the state has the drawbacks of overblown egotism and deficient socialization. In the cities 95% of first grade pupils are single children. PMID:8011469

  1. Do family order and neighbor intervention against intimate partner violence protect children from abuse? Findings from Kathmandu.

    PubMed

    Emery, Clifton R; Thapa, Sirjana; Do, Mi Hyang; Chan, Ko Ling

    2015-03-01

    Drawing on previous research on intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, and informal social control, we hypothesized relationships between child abuse severity and (1) protective informal social control of intimate partner violence (ISC_IPV) by neighbors, (2) intimate terrorism, (3) family order, and (4) the power of mothers in intimate relationships. In what we believe may be a first study of physical child abuse by parents in Nepal, we used a three stage cluster approach to draw a random sample of 300 families in Kathmandu. Random effects regression models were used to test the study hypotheses. The analyses found support for hypotheses one and two, but with an important caveat. Although observed (actual) protective ISC_IPV had the hypothesized negative association with child abuse severity, in one of our models perceived protective ISC_IPV was positively associated with child abuse severity. The models clarify that the overall direction of protective ISC_IPV appears to be negative (protective), but the positive finding is important to consider for both research and practice. A significant relationship between family order and child abuse severity was found, but the direction was negative rather than positive as in hypothesis three. Implications for neighborhood research and typological research on IPV and child maltreatment are discussed. PMID:25455214

  2. 78 FR 49249 - Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Program; Reopening of Comment Period

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-13

    ...S. Department of Health and Human Services...rule for the Child Care and Development Fund...order to strengthen health and safety requirements for child care providers, reflect...education to better serve low-income children and...

  3. The Burden of Disaster: Part II. Applying Interventions Across the Child’s Social Ecology

    PubMed Central

    Pfefferbaum, Rose L.; Pfefferbaum, Betty; Jacobs, Anne K.; Noffsinger, Mary A.; Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H.

    2014-01-01

    This second of two articles describes the application of disaster mental health interventions within the context of the child’s social ecology consisting of (he Micro-, Meso-, Exo-, and Macrosystems. Microsystem interventions involving parents, siblings, and close friends include family preparedness planning and practice, psychoeducation, role modeling, emotional support, and redirection. Mesosystem interventions provided by schools and faith-based organizations include safety and support, assessment, referral, and counseling. Exosystem interventions include those provided through community-based mental health programs, healthcare organizations, the workplace, the media, local volunteer disaster organizations, and other local organizations. Efforts to build community resilience to disasters are likely to have influence through the Exosystem. The Macrosystem – including the laws, history, cultural and subcultural characteristics, and economic and social conditions that underlie the other systems – affects the child indirectly through public policies and disaster programs and services that become available in the child’s Exosystem in the aftermath of a disaster. The social ecology paradigm, described more fully in a companion article (Noffsinger, Pfefferbaum, Pfefferbaum, Sherrieb, & Norris,2012), emphasizes relationships among systems and can guide the development and delivery of services embedded in naturally-occurring structures in the child’s environment. PMID:23894798

  4. Supporting your child with weight loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cooking, with a little practice, homemade meals can taste better than fast food. Take your children food shopping so they can learn how to make good food choices. The best way to keep kids from eating ...

  5. Experiences of parenting a child with medical complexity in need of acute hospital care.

    PubMed

    Hagvall, Monica; Ehnfors, Margareta; Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta

    2014-10-28

    Parents of children with medical complexity have described being responsible for providing advanced care for the child. When the child is acutely ill, they must rely on the health-care services during short or long periods of hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to describe parental experiences of caring for their child with medical complexity during hospitalization for acute deterioration, specifically focussing on parental needs and their experiences of the attitudes of staff. Data were gathered through individual interviews and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The care period can be interpreted as a balancing act between acting as a caregiver and being in need of care. The parents needed skilled staff who could relieve them of medical responsibility, but they wanted to be involved in the care and in the decisions taken. They needed support, including relief, in order to meet their own needs and to be able to take care of their children. It was important that the child was treated with respect in order for the parent to trust the staff. An approach where staff view parents and children as a single unit, as recipients of care, would probably make the situation easier for these parents and children. PMID:25352538

  6. The Economic Impact of Vermont's Child Care Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This report documents the relationship between the supply of reliable, affordable, accessible child care and the health of Vermont's economy. The child care industry is a growing part of the Vermont economy, pumping money into local communities by supporting working families, creating jobs, and generating taxes through employment and the purchase…

  7. Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Judd, Dorothy

    Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

  8. Child Care Center Design & the Potential of Architecture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Carl; Abbott, Cooper

    This paper discusses the impact of layout and design of child care centers on the education of young children. It asserts that child care facilities must be designed to support and stimulate children's natural developmental processes, providing both direct and indirect educational opportunities. The paper discusses the stages of the design process…

  9. Child-Centered Play Therapy in Management of Somatoform Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutta, Renuka; Mehta, Manju

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Child-centered play therapy is a well recognized and research-supported form of child psychotherapy. Methods: Fifteen children in the age range of 5-11 years (eight girls and seven boys) with somatoform disorder were administered 25 sessions of non directive play therapy. Parents received 3 reflective counseling sessions. Children…

  10. Investing in Our Future: A Guide to Child Care Financing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoney, Louise; Groginsky, Scott; Poppe, Julie

    This book investigates the innovative ways being used to ensure and finance high quality care for children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," discusses the government's role in helping to structure, build, and finance the system, as well as financing strategies. Chapter 2, "Financing Child Care Supply," addresses center-based child care, supports for…

  11. Professional Training Programs in Maternal and Child Nursing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Maternal and Child Health Service.

    The Maternal and Child Health Service gives support to 13 graduate programs in maternal and child nursing with the objective of increasing the pool of nurse specialists in this field. Each program is briefly described in this pamphlet. Students accepted into a graduate program are eligible for stipends that cover living expenses, tuition, and a…

  12. A Child Abuse Assessment Center: Alternative Investigative Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiester, Douglas S.

    A child abuse assessment center was created in Dade County, Florida, and was funded by state and local government sources. Staff includes a project director, two clinical social workers, a follow-up case monitor, clerical support, and a psychologist. The center attempts to minimize trauma to the child victim of sexual and physical abuse by a…

  13. Maternal and Child Health, FY 1983. Special Report to Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    Providing several examples of current research efforts, this report describes the research on maternal and child health supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The Institute conducts a coordinated program of research and research training to advance knowledge related to pregnancy and maternal health,…

  14. National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect acquires, preserves and disseminates high quality datasets relevant to the study of child abuse and neglect. The Archive facilitates secondary analysis by distributing data in ready-to-use formats for microcomputers and mainframes, providing technical support to data users, and sponsoring training programs for researchers.

  15. Public Attitudes and Behaviors With Respect to Child Abuse Prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DEBORAH DARO; RICHARD J. GELLES

    1992-01-01

    This article examines public attitudes toward specific parental discipline practices, the incidence of specific parental practices, the public's support for and involvement in child abuse prevention efforts, and the public's perceptions of the causes of child maltreatment. Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 1,250 adults each year between 1987 and 1992. The majority of the public view

  16. Classification of child stuttering: Part I transient developmental, neurogenic acquired, and persistent child stuttering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph J. Gemelli

    1982-01-01

    A historical and current review of theories and treatments of child stuttering reveal a dichotomy between psychiatrists who support the view that all stutterers have a psychoneurosis, and the speech pathologist who supports the view that all stutterers are psychologically normal. The chronological development of stuttering and the phenomenology of the disorder are presented and point to stuttering as representing

  17. Partners in Quality: Tools for Administrators in Child Care Settings. Standards for Quality Child Care Programs, Standards of Practice for Administrators/Directors = Partenaires pour la qualite: Outils pour les gestionnaires des divers milieux de garde d'enfants. Normes pour les services de garde de qualite, Normes professionnelles pour les gestionnaires.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, Gillian

    Partners in Quality is a research and development project sponsored by the Canadian Child Care Federation and its affiliates to explore how child care providers, parents, and other partners can work together to support and improve quality in child care. This booklet, in both English and French, supplements a series to support child care providers…

  18. Synthesis of carbon supported ordered tetragonal pseudo-ternary Pt2M?M? (M = Fe, Co, Ni) nanoparticles and their activity for oxygen reduction reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, Minh T.; Wakabayashi, Ryo H.; Yang, Minghui; Abruña, Héctor D.; DiSalvo, Francis J.

    2015-04-01

    Alloying Pt with 3d transition metals has attracted much attention due to their reduced Pt content and reports of enhanced electrocatalytic activity for proton exchange membrane fuel cell applications. However, synthesizing ordered nanocrystalline intermetallics in the sub-10 nm range can be challenging. Here, we report on the co-reduction synthesis of ordered ternary Pt-base transition metal intermetallics with particle sizes in the regime of 3-5 nm. Since differences in the activity of PtM (M = Fe, Co, Ni) for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) have been reported, we explored their combinations: Pt2FeCo, Pt2FeNi, and Pt2CoNi. These ternary intermetallic nanoparticles crystallized in P4/mmm space group upon annealing in a protective KCl matrix. The electrocatalysts were prepared by dispersing these intermetallics onto a carbon support using ethylene glycol and various sonication techniques. A combination of analytical techniques including powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, electron microscopy and electrochemical methods have been used in this study. The oxygen reduction reaction activity and stability of the catalysts were tested in 0.1 M HClO4 and 0.1 M H2SO4 using cyclic voltammetry and rotating disk electrode voltammetry. The correlations between the composition, structure, morphology and activity of the intermetallics have been established and are discussed.

  19. Child poverty and regional disparities in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Eryurt, Mehmet Ali; Koç, Ismet

    2013-01-01

    The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) defines child poverty as the inability of the child to realize their existing potential due to their inability to access resources across different dimensions of life (income, health, nutrition, education, environment, etc.). On the basis of this definition, an attempt has been made in this study to put forth the disadvantaged positions children have in different dimensions of their lives, specifically by taking regional disparities into account. As the data source, the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey 2008 is used, a survey that consists of detailed information about the different dimensions of child poverty. In this study, in order to measure poverty in four different dimensions (education and work, health and nutrition, family environment, and domestic environment), a total of 25 variables were used and descriptive and multivariate analyses were made in order to highlight the regional disparities in child poverty. Principle components analysis conducted through the use of a deficit approach reveals that the variables closely related with education and health and nutrition were the critical dimensions behind child poverty in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that 22.4% of children in Turkey are poor when various dimensions of life are taken into account; the region with the highest child poverty is Central East Anatolia, at 34.9%, while the region with the lowest rate is East Marmara, at 15.6%. PMID:24192673

  20. The Use of the USDA Nutrient Analysis Protocol in the Evaluation of Child-Care Menus in North Mississippi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Kathy B.; Hickey, Rose; Aloia, Christopher R.; Oakley, Charlotte B.; Bomba, Anne K.

    2015-01-01

    Child-care facilities that participate in the federally assisted Child and Adult Care Food Program are required to follow meal patterns that meet the nutrient needs for child growth and development. The purpose of this research is to use the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Nutrient Analysis Protocols to evaluate child-care menus in order to…

  1. Early Mother-Child Interaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    d'Agostino, Micheline

    1986-01-01

    This journal issue presents an overview of mother-child interaction during the first year of the child's life. Contents of the first section, which concern the development of the mother-child relationship, focus on the concept of the maternal instinct, mother and child during intrauterine life, birth of the child, the postnatal period (including…

  2. Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application

    E-print Network

    Hanson, Stephen José

    Dependent Child Tuition Remission Application To be eligible for this benefit, the child must be the biological child, adopted child, stepchild, or ward of the employee and must be the employee's dependent (see of the parent-child or guardian-ward relationship is required and must be submitted to University Human

  3. Current State of Inclusion of Children with Special Needs in Child Care Programmes in One Canadian Province

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiart, Lesley; Kehler, Heather; Rempel, Gwen; Tough, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    Background: Access to quality child care is an important support for families with children with disabilities. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the current state of inclusion of children with special needs in child care programmes, and (2) the presence of child care staff practices and programme characteristics that support

  4. Well-child visits

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in children Growth and development: Infant - newborn development Toddler development Preschooler development School-age child development Adolescent development Developmental milestones Developmental milestones record - 2 ...

  5. Child Care Challenges

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    _Child Care Challenges_, a recent report published by the Child Care and Development Division of the Children's Defense Fund, is a state-by-state analysis of the latest data "on [annual] child care costs, and supply and affordability problems facing America's low-income working families." The report is divided into 50 chapters, one for each state. Each chapter summarizes state-level data, describes the problems surrounding the availability of affordable, high-quality child care, and highlights the need for "increased state and federal investments, and greater involvement from other sectors." Chapters are between fifteen and twenty pages and are presented in .pdf format only.

  6. Two Tragic Forms of Child Sexual Abuse: Are They Often Overlooked?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemmey, Dorothy E.; Tice, Pamela Paradis

    2002-01-01

    The persistence and pervasiveness of two forms of child sexual abuse in particular, pornography and prostitution, undoubtedly lie in the perpetuation of societal norms that unwittingly support such tragic behaviors. Argues that the overall problem of child sexual abuse must be reconceptualized, and in-depth, long-term investigations of both child

  7. A State Call to Action: Working To End Child Abuse and Neglect in Massachusetts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts KIDS COUNT, Boston.

    Although Massachusetts ranks in the top 10 percent among states on several key indicators of child well-being, the state's growing incidence of child maltreatment is stark and confounding. This report launches a state call to action aimed at ending child maltreatment through revising and strengthening systems to protect children, providing support

  8. Rates, Patterns, and Frequency of Child Maltreatment Recurrences among Families known to CPS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane DePanfilis; Susan J. Zuravin

    1998-01-01

    Child maltreatment is a widespread and costly social problem. A primary purpose of child maltreating reporting is to prevent its recurrence. Despite the widespread belief that the system designed to prevent its recurrence is failing miserably, little empirical data are actually compiled to support this contention. This article reviews available research on the rates, patterns, and frequency of child maltreatment

  9. Specialist Advocacy Services for Parents with Learning Disabilities Involved in Child Protection Proceedings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarleton, Beth

    2008-01-01

    Parents with learning disabilities frequently become involved with child protection and judicial proceedings. Parents report not understanding and being disempowered by the child protection system. This paper presents fourteen parents' views regarding how two specialist advocacy services supported them during child protection. The parents believed…

  10. Assessing Impacts of Child Care Policies on Welfare Recipients in Michigan. Research Study Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sponseller, Doris Bergen

    By surveying the viewpoints of parents receiving public assistance and practitioners who provide publicly supported child care, this study explored some of the values which underly child care policy and some of the practical problems in delivering child care services. A mailed questionnaire was sent to 1,200 parents (of whom 800 were receiving…

  11. Child Life and Creative Arts Therapy Department Wish List Department and Patient Gift Use

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Child Life and Creative Arts Therapy Department Wish List Department and Patient Gift Use We) Target, iTunes, Lids, Game Stop, Forever 21, Claires, Child Life & Creative Arts Therapy Department These items will help support the Child Life and Creative Art Therapy Department throughout the year, while

  12. Innovations in Child and Family Policy : Multidisciplinary Research and Perspectives on Strengthening Children and Their Families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emily M. Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Innovations in Child and Family Policy tackles many of the common problems and challenges that are considered to be at the heart of child and family policy: family creation, economic support, childrearing, and family caregiving. This collection begins by defining child and family policy and discussing the history of this growing specialization within the social sciences. The main chapters of

  13. Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

  14. Preschoolers' Emotion Regulation Strategy Understanding: Relations with Emotion Socialization and Child Self-Regulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Pamela M.; Dennis, Tracy A.; Smith-Simon, Kristen E.; Cohen, Laura H.

    2009-01-01

    Preschool-age children's ability to verbally generate strategies for regulating anger and sadness, and to recognize purported effective strategies for these emotions, were examined in relation to child factors (child age, temperament, and language ability) and maternal emotion socialization (supportiveness and structuring in response to child

  15. Arguments for an Equal Parental Responsibility Presumption in Contested Child Custody

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Kruk

    2012-01-01

    Sixteen arguments in support of an equal parental responsibility presumption in contested child custody are presented from a child-focused perspective, and clinical and empirical evidence in support of each argument is contrasted to the conflicting evidence. These arguments are made in support of the model equal parental responsibility presumption outlined in Volume 39, Number 5, of The American Journal of

  16. Child safety from the perspective of essential needs

    PubMed Central

    de Mello, Débora Falleiros; Henrique, Nayara Cristina Pereira; Pancieri, Letícia; Veríssimo, Maria de La Ó Ramallo; Tonete, Vera Lúcia Pamplona; Malone, Mary

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to characterize the maternal care for children under one year of age with a view to child health promotion at home. METHOD: exploratory study with qualitative data analysis, thematic mode, based on the conceptual framework of the essential needs of children, based on interviews recorded with 16 mothers. RESULTS: the analysis of the maternal narratives showed elements that facilitate the promotion of child safety: presence and involvement of the parents, constant surveillance for physical and emotional protection, experiences to stimulate child development, support networks for childcare at home; and inhibiting elements of child safety: limited perception of characteristics of child development and of children's singularities, overprotection and difficulties to set limits. CONCLUSION: the study enhances the understanding of home care in child health promotion, directing professional actions to guarantee ongoing nurturing relationships, protection, respect for individual differences, experiences appropriate to child development, limit setting and construction of stable and supportive social networks. In addition, the relevance of considering the maternal perspective in child health care is considered, as a strategy to apprehend aspects related to the attendance of the growth and development needs, particularly for child health promotion at home. PMID:25296144

  17. UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

    E-print Network

    Registered dental hygienist Medical examiner Nurse Licensed emergency medical care provider Audiologist, clothing, shelter or medical care. Placing a child at an unreasonable risk to the child's health

  18. Loss of a child - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Child death - resources; Resources - loss of a child ... The following organizations are good resources for information on the loss of a child: The Compassionate Friends - www.compassionatefriends.org Bereaved Parents of the USA - www.bereavedparentsusa. ...

  19. What's Inside: Child Labor Laws

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    What's Inside: · Child Labor Laws · Attachments to Online Job Announcements · Hiring Officials child labor laws that apply. Below is a brief overview. 14 and 15 year olds: Departments must keep-year age groupmayworkatanytimeforunlimitedhoursinany non-hazardousposition. CHILD LABOR LAWS

  20. Socioeconomic Status, Parenting, and Child Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bornstein, Marc H., Ed.; Bradley, Robert H., Ed.

    Noting that there is near universal agreement that children from families with higher socioeconomic status (SES) have access to more of the resources needed to support their positive development than do lower SES children, this monograph examines the myriad questions remaining regarding relations among SES, parenting, and child development from a…

  1. The Deaf Child as a Linguistic Minority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charrow, Veda R.; Wilbur, Ronnie B.

    The author offers support for viewing the deaf child as a member of a linguistic minority and considers how this situation affects education of the deaf. Deaf persons are discussed in terms of their intellectual abilities, educational achievement, English competence, and the sociolinguistic factors which point to the existence of a deaf community.…

  2. 75 FR 71521 - National Child's Day, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ...Through such care and guidance--and a greater effort by all to provide safe, supportive spaces for our children, free of bullying and harassment--we will unlock the promise within each child. Our children will soon stand at the helm of America and...

  3. Menu Variety in Mississippi Child Care Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Kathy B.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Examined the variety of lunch menus in licensed child care centers in Mississippi. A total of 460 lunch menus were analyzed using nutrient analysis software, and a frequency analysis showed the most commonly used foods. Found that foods used most often included white bread, sliced ham, and sausage pizza. Results support the need for nutrition…

  4. Sexuality Following the Loss of a Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyregrov, Atle; Gjestad, Rolf

    2011-01-01

    The aim of study was to increase our understanding of sexuality and intimacy following the loss of a child. A questionnaire on intimacy and sexuality was sent to 1,027 members of the 2 major bereavement support organizations for parents who have lost children in Norway. A total of 321 (33%) were returned. In addition, 10 couples were interviewed…

  5. Every Child Matters: Discourses of Challenging Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Anne-Marie

    2009-01-01

    The proposal of Every Child Matters: The Green Paper (2003), to locate the protection and support of children, with an emphasis on those who may be the most vulnerable, in a strengthened universal service, has provided the impetus for a radical and transformational response at both national and local levels. Local education authorities have been…

  6. Mental Health Practice Guidelines for Child Welfare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The guidelines and supporting rationale presented in this paper were developed from the October 2007 "Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference" sponsored by Casey Family Programs, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the REACH Institute (REsource for Advancing Children's Health). The purpose of the conference was to…

  7. 20 CFR 222.54 - When a legally adopted child is dependent-grandchild or stepgrandchild adopted after entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 222.54 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.54 When a legally adopted child is dependent—grandchild or...

  8. Expect the Best for Your Child's Dental Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casamassimo, Paul

    2007-01-01

    Too many parents of children with special healthcare needs come upon dental care for their child out of necessity or urgency. In order to make the relationship most beneficial, the preferred way is to establish a Dental Home during the child's infancy. The Dental Home is the oral health corollary of the Medical Home concept that the American…

  9. Implications of Intermittent Employment for Child Labor Estimates Deborah Levison

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    . An analysis of transition rates in and out of employment for young workers shows relatively high volatility-working in the labor force is substantially higher than the fraction who are workers at any one point in time; we find must be recognized in order to adequately capture levels of child employment and identify child workers

  10. Parental Attitudes Toward Child Mental Health Services: The Influence of Ethnicity and Child Characteristics on Help-Seeking Intentions 

    E-print Network

    Turner, Erlanger A.

    2011-02-22

    from moderate to high. Study 2 conducted subsequent analyses on the data from Study 1. Correlation analyses supported the relationships among parental attitudes, stigma, and help-seeking. Secondly, parents with previous use of child mental health...

  11. Practitioner Review: Maternal mood in pregnancy and child development: implications for child psychology and psychiatry

    PubMed Central

    O'Connor, Thomas G; Monk, Catherine; Fitelson, Elizabeth M.

    2014-01-01

    Background The empirical base suggesting a link between prenatal maternal anxiety, stress or depression and cognitive, behavioral, and biological outcomes in the infant and child has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. Method In this review, we consider the relevance of prenatal maternal mood for child mental health practitioners; the empirical base for a likely causal impact of the link between prenatal anxiety, depression, or stress and child outcomes; the degree to which the available evidence is sufficient for informing or altering clinical practice; and the possible role of prenatal interventions for promoting child health and development. A selective review of PubMed, Cochrane Library and other sources was undertaken. Findings Clinically significant links between maternal prenatal distress and child behavioral and cognitive outcomes have been reported; predictions to stress physiology, immunology, and neurodevelopment have been reported but the effect sizes and clinical significance is less clear. Several candidate mechanisms have been proposed, with some supporting evidence. Many behavioral treatments for prenatal maternal distress exist, but their application to promoting child health is largely unknown. Conclusions Research on maternal prenatal distress is a good example of translational research and offers a strong paradigm for promoting interdisciplinary clinical research on child health and development. PMID:24127722

  12. Introduction: Understanding Child Labour.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miljeteig, Per

    1999-01-01

    Explores contributions from the Urban Childhood Conference for the purpose of developing the child-labor discourse further and indicating the implications of the new understandings for further research and policy development. Highlights the nine articles in this issue, which address child labor at the international level, children's viewpoints,…

  13. Ethical Child Welfare Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leever, Martin G.; DeCiani, Gina; Mulaney, Ellen; Hasslinger, Heather; Gambrill, Eileen

    Noting that child welfare professionals can improve the quality and integrity of the services they provide if they develop ethical decision making skills, this book provides child welfare administrators and caseworkers with a framework for assessing ethical dilemmas, making sound ethical decisions, and delivering services with integrity to…

  14. Building the Biocentric Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchison, David

    2002-01-01

    Advocates an environmentally congruent conception of child development and includes Montessori theory as part of a biocentric view where child development connects to the laws of nature. Explains orientations to the world informing development of a biocentric vision of childhood: mastery, immersion, and engagement. Discusses how mastery and…

  15. The Only Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Marcia Ellen McGuire

    This review of the literature on the "only child" indicates that the single child is likely to be oriented more toward adults than towards peers, to be subjected more to an adult culture, to be an achiever who strikes out on his own, and to have a heightened sense of responsibility compared with children who have siblings. Statistics show only…

  16. CHILD HEALTH USA 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    Child Health USA 2002, the thirteenth annual report on the health status and service needs of America's children is presented by the Health Resources and Services Administration's Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB). To assess the bureau's progress toward achieving its vision...

  17. Fathers with Child Custody.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woody, Robert H.

    1978-01-01

    Since recent laws prescribe equal rights for both parents, more fathers will be receiving custody of their children. Counseling psychology must prepare these fathers for their new parental roles. Ten suggestions are listed, including professional training in child custody and the encouragement of father-mother and father-child relationships. (LPG)

  18. Lauren M. Childs Information

    E-print Network

    Weitz, Joshua S.

    . Held, L. M. Childs, M. Davison, J. S. Weitz, R. J. Whitaker, and D. Bhaya, (2012) CRISPR-Cas systems-011-9637-5. 3. L. M. Childs, N. Held, M. Young, R. Whittaker, and J. Weitz, (2012) Multi-scale Model of CRISPR. Weitz, Exploring the dynamics of CRISPR length: How much can a prokaryote remember about phages

  19. Child Transportation Safety Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This document presents nine tips regarding safe infant and child transportation, each tip explained in one to two pages. The tips are as follows: (1) quick safety seat checkup; (2) where should your child ride? (3) how to protect your new baby in the car; (4) what safety seat to use for a big baby or toddler? (5) how should preschool and school…

  20. Child sex rings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N J Wild; J M Wynne

    1986-01-01

    Details of 11 child sex rings identified in one working class community were obtained by interviewing investigating police officers and examining health and social services records. The rings contained 14 adult male perpetrators and 175 children aged 6-15 years. Most perpetrators used child ringleaders to recruit victims; others became a \\