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1

Including All Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the ways in which families and children with developmental disabilities can attain "full citizenship" with a creed of positive contribution, great expectations, friendships, choices, and strengths. (BB)

Turnbull, Rud; Turnbull, Ann

1991-01-01

2

Including Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of disabled children in their local schools and communities is part of the universal struggle of disabled people to claim their basic human rights to equality and participation, and to insist on the necessary changes in society and its institutions to make this possible. Although this movement is still in its infancy, reports from…

Mittler, Peter

2004-01-01

3

Visual Disabilities in Children Including Childhood Blindness  

PubMed Central

We should address visual disabilities in children instead of only the childhood blindness. Diseases related to nutritional, communicable diseases should be addressed through strategies for achieving ‘Millennium Development Goals’. Facilities in African countries and countries with populations like India and China must be strengthened to address curable/preventable visual disabilities in children. Even though all efforts are done to strengthen, we will have 0.93 million blind children by 2020. Role of family physicians and paediatricians in trans-disciplinary approach to address visual disabilities in children is very crucial. If rational distribution of skilled human resource is not planned visual disabilities will not reduce effectively. Rehabilitation of visually disabled children should be integral part of addressing childhood blindness. All stakeholders including parents of children with visual disabilities should work together to achieve the goals.

Khandekar, Rajiv

2008-01-01

4

Including Children Dependent on Ventilators in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for including ventilator-dependent children in school are offered, based on experience with six such students at a New York State school. Guidelines stress adherence to the medical management plan, the school-family partnership, roles of the social worker and psychologist, orientation, transportation, classroom issues, and steps toward…

Levine, Jack M.

1996-01-01

5

Young Children’s Decisions to Include Peers With Physical Disabilities in Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined factors related to preschool children’s reasoning about including a hypothetical peer with a physical disability in different play activities. They hypothesized that children’s inclusion decisions would be influenced by features of the physical environment, attention to issues of fairness and equity, and individual child characteristics. Participants comprised 72 children enrolled in inclusive preschool classrooms. Children’s ideas about

Karen E. Diamond; Soo-Young Hong

2010-01-01

6

Including Children with Mental Retardation in the Religious Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes practical strategies for promoting inclusion in religious programs. Strategies are provided for including children with mental disabilities, mild mental retardation, moderate mental retardation, and severe to profound mental retardation, and older students with mental retardation. Strategies are also provided for preparing…

Collins, Belva C.; Epstein, Ann; Reiss, Toni; Lowe, Verna

2001-01-01

7

Including Children with Hearing Loss in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These are typical scenarios of children with hearing loss who are being included increasingly in early childhood settings. Recent federal legislation encourages states to develop programs to screen the hearing of all infants before they leave the hospital, and currently 39 states have adopted newborn infant hearing screening mandates (ASHA 2005).…

Katz, Laurie; Schery, Teris K.

2006-01-01

8

Including Children with Autism in General Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors report that, although social attention to the education of children with special needs began in the late 1970s, education for children with autism is the greatest challenge in special education in China. They point out that most school-age children with autism are still kept out of both regular and special schools. In…

Huang, Ann X.; Wheeler, John J.

2007-01-01

9

25 CFR 20.401 - What is included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES PROGRAMS Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families? Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...or mental handicaps, drug abuse, alcoholism, and...

2013-04-01

10

Early Childhood Teachers' Ideas about Including Children with Disabilities in Programmes Designed for Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of information about children's disabilities on preschool teachers' responses toward integrating children with disabilities in their classroom. Of particular interest was whether the severity of the child's educational needs and information about diagnosis were related to teachers' responses. Data were collected…

Huang, Hsin-Hui; Diamond, Karen E.

2009-01-01

11

Training Guides for the Head Start Learning Community: Including Children with Significant Disabilities in Head Start.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order for Head Start programs to successfully include children with significant disabilities, staff must take steps to get ready. They must acquire special knowledge and skills to help children with disabilities and their families take full advantage o...

1997-01-01

12

Brain tumor - children  

MedlinePLUS

Glioblastoma multiforme - children; Ependymoma - children; Glioma - children; Astrocytoma - children; Medulloblastoma - children; Neuroglioma - children; Oligodendroglioma - children; Meningioma - children; Cancer - brain tumor (children)

13

Including Young Children With "New" Chronic Illnesses in an Early Childhood Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents suggestions for successfully including young children with "new" life-threatening, chronic illnesses -- various types of cancer, heart, liver, and kidney diseases -- in early childhood education classes. (BB)

Fauvre, Mary

1988-01-01

14

Children's Health  

MedlinePLUS

Your child's health includes physical, mental and social well-being. Most parents know the basics of keeping children healthy, like offering ... for children to get regular checkups with their health care provider. These visits are a chance to ...

15

Including Parent Training in the Early Childhood Special Education Curriculum for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent training has been shown to be a very effective method for promoting gen- eralization and maintenance of skills in children with autism. However, despite its well- established benefits, few public school programs include parent training as part of the early childhood special education (ECSE) curriculum. Barriers to the provision of parent training include the need for parent education models

Brooke Ingersoll; Anna Dvortcsak

2006-01-01

16

Four Stories, Four Children, One Special Need: To Be Warmly Included.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains four articles: (1) "And the Walls Came Tumbling Down: Including Children Who Are Differently Abled in Typical Early Childhood Educational Settings"; (2) "On Teasing, Taunting, and 'I Can Do It by Myself'"; (3) "A Teacher's Responsibility--To Be Enthusiastic about Teaching Fast and Slow Learners Alike"; (4) "A Child with Severe Hearing…

Soriano-Nagurski, Lisa; Bakley, Sue; Kulak, Alisa; Blasi, Mary Jane; Priestley, Lori

1998-01-01

17

Widening the Circle: Including Children with Disabilities in Preschool Programs. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a groundbreaking 5-year research study conducted by the Early Childhood Research Institute on Inclusion, this book explores the barriers to and influences on inclusive education settings for young children. Topics covered include individualized instruction, family perceptions of inclusion, and cultural and linguistic diversity. The…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.

18

Micronutrients (including zinc) reduce diarrhoea in children: The Pakistan Sprinkles Diarrhoea Study  

PubMed Central

Aims To examine the effect of the daily use of micronutrients (including zinc) or the same micronutrients plus heat inactivated lactic acid bacteria (LAB), on diarrhoea in children compared to placebo. Methods A triple blind randomised clinical trial in an urban slum of Karachi, Pakistan. Micronutrients (including zinc), micronutrients (including zinc and LAB), or placebo, were provided daily for two months to 75 young children (aged 6–12?months) identified at high risk for diarrhoea related mortality on the basis of history of at least one episode of diarrhoea in the preceding two weeks. The longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea was defined as the percentage of days a child had diarrhoea out of the days the child was observed. Results Mean longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea in the micronutrient–zinc group was 15% (SD?=?10%) child?days compared to 26% (SD?=?20%) child?days in the placebo group and 26% (SD?=?19%) child?days in the micronutrient–zinc–LAB group. The difference between the micronutrient–zinc–LAB and placebo groups was not significant. Conclusion The daily provision of micronutrients (including zinc) reduces the longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea and thus may also reduce diarrhoea related mortality in young children; heat inactivated LAB has negative effects in these children.

Sharieff, W; Bhutta, Z; Schauer, C; Tomlinson, G; Zlotkin, S

2006-01-01

19

Including Children with Selective Mutism in Mainstream Schools and Kindergartens: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research on inclusion of children with selective mutism in school/kindergarten. Moreover, few studies have tried to understand selectively mute children's interactions in the natural surroundings of their home and school/kindergarten. Five children meeting the DSM-IV criteria for selective mutism were video-observed in social…

Omdal, Heidi

2008-01-01

20

Extending New Paradigm Childhood Research: Meeting the Challenges of Including Younger Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Early Child Development and Care" focuses on the issues involved in researching the views and experiences of young children. Challenging issues need to be addressed. For example, what constitutes ethical questioning of children? What are young children's rights as research respondents? What is meaningful 'informed consent'…

Darbyshire, Philip; Schiller, Wendy; MacDougall, Colin

2005-01-01

21

Backyards and Butterflies: Ways to Include Children with Disabilities in Outdoor Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook is designed for children, parents, and families, detailing ideas for outdoor play and learning activities, with emphasis on involving children with disabilities in outdoor play. A rural perspective permeates the guide, although each chapter contains ideas for making outdoor environments more accessible and safer for all children,…

Greenstein, Doreen; And Others

22

Inclusion Means Everyone! The Role of the Early Childhood Educator when Including Young Children with Autism in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the emphasis on inclusion in special education has resulted in a higher frequency of young children with autism being included in early childhood programs with typically developing peers. Many early childhood educators have risen to face the challenge, and this has resulted in enhanced learning for young children with autism in the…

Vakil, Shernavaz; Welton, Evonn; O'Connor, Barbara; Kline, Lynn S.

2009-01-01

23

Including Children with Special Educational Needs in Physical Education: Has Entitlement and Accessibility Been Realised?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The return of the Labour government to power in 1997 brought an increased focus upon inclusive education for children with special educational needs (SEN). Alongside this there has been a desire to enhance the opportunities young people have to access physical education (PE) and school sport. Previous research has shown that children with SEN…

Vickerman, Philip

2012-01-01

24

Including Children with Autism in General Education ClassroomsA Review of Effective Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with autism can benefit from participation in inclusive classroom environments, and many experts assert that inclusion is a civil right and is responsible for nurturing appropriate social development. However, most children with autism require specialized supports to experience success in these educational contexts. This article provides a review of the empirical research that has addressed procedures for promoting successful

Joshua K. Harrower; Glen Dunlap

2001-01-01

25

Effect of AIT in children including potential to prevent the development of asthma.  

PubMed

Allergy specific immunotherapy may alter the natural course of allergic disease. Thus, it is of significant importance, particularly in paediatric populations. Four studies using the grass allergy immunotherapy tablet (AIT) for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in children showed good clinical outcomes and good safety profiles. Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis often precedes asthma, and treatment with specific immunotherapy has the potential to reduce the development of asthma in children suffering from rhinoconjunctivitis. Since Grazax® AIT has been shown to induce disease modification the prevention of asthma might be hypothesised. The GAP (Grazax® Asthma Prevention) trial is investigating the asthma preventive effect of standardised grass AIT in grass allergic children with rhinoconjunctivitis without asthma. The trial is a 5-year, multicentre, multinational, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective trial for children aged 5-12 years. In a few years, the results will show if grass AIT with Grazax® can prevent the development of asthma in children suffering from allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. PMID:21668856

Valovirta, E

2011-07-01

26

Inclusion Means Everyone! The Role of the Early Childhood Educator when Including Young Children with Autism in the Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of the emphasis on inclusion in special education has resulted in a higher frequency of young children with autism\\u000a being included in early childhood programs with typically developing peers. Many early childhood educators have risen to face\\u000a the challenge, and this has resulted in enhanced learning for young children with autism in the regular classroom. This article\\u000a focuses

Shernavaz Vakil; Evonn Welton; Barbara O’Connor; Lynn S. Kline

2009-01-01

27

Raising Our Children's Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are 3.2 million children in the United States living with their grandparents or other kin, a 40 percent increase since 1980. This exploding sociological trend with far-reaching implications for our future spans every segment of our society--rich and poor, black and white, Asian and Hispanic, urban and suburban. Based on interviews with…

Doucette-Dudman, Deborah; LaCure, Jeffrey R.

28

Children's Books in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, describes children's literature in Australia, discussing specifically the background of this literature (the country and early children's books); various influences on the literature, such as the Children's Book Council and children's and school libraries; present-day publishing, including

Horn, Vida

29

Children Solve Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of children were presented with several tasks, including the invention of a sleep machine and a machine to weigh elephants. The tasks were chosen to involve the children in coping with problems of a distinct character. A study of the children's drawings and interpretations shows that children's thinking ability is not very different from…

De Bono, Edward

30

Trainee and Recently Qualified Physical Education Teachers' Perspectives on Including Children with Special Educational Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In recent years within the UK the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream physical education (PE) has escalated up the statutory and political agenda. Despite this increased focus in schools, empirical research demonstrates that inequalities still exist in relation to the readiness of government,…

Vickerman, Philip; Coates, Janine Kim

2009-01-01

31

English learning support assistants’ experiences of including children with special educational needs in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Blatchford, learning support assistants (LSA) in schools within England comprise of a quarter of their workforce. In recent years, the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream school settings has seen significant rises. Furthermore, the English government has raised expectations on the amount of physical education (PE) and school sport young people should engage in.

Philip Vickerman; Milly Blundell

2012-01-01

32

Electric current perception of the general population including children and the elderly.  

PubMed

Although the 50 Hz electric current perception threshold is a key parameter for limiting electric touch currents in electrical technology and for limiting indirect effects of external electromagnetic fields, the data available mainly reflect men's perception ability; with only sparse data for women and almost none for children or the elderly. Measurements with 240 children aged 9 - 16 years, and 123 elderly people, allow this gap of knowledge to be filled. Taking into account the demographic age distribution, it was possible to generate a probability distribution representing the perception ability of the overall general population, and thus to provide a more established basis for deriving safety limits. The results show that the existing limit values for electric touch currents are considerably too high if compared with results derived from the new data with the same criteria. On the other hand, it appeared that children do not exhibit such a high sensitivity to electricity as assumed to date. Therefore, former rule-of-thumb estimates to account for higher sensitivities of children lie on the safe side. The presented assessment of the general population's electric current perception ability should stimulate a critical review of the existing regulations. PMID:16126581

Leitgeb, N; Schroettner, J; Cech, R

2005-01-01

33

Refugee Children in the Classroom, Including a Comprehensive Information Briefing on Refugees in Britain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, written for those persons who work with refugee children and young people, describes ways that teachers can support refugee students and supplies information they need to do this effectively. There is a scholarly and extensive information brief on the backgrounds of the major refugee groups: the history of the conflicts in their…

Rutter, Jill

34

"We're Just that Sort of Family": Intergenerational Relationships in Families Including Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores factors and characteristics related to the extent to which support is a component of parent-grandparent relationships in families of children with disabilities. Results, based on in-depth interviews of 12 parent-grandparent pairs, revealed that the presence and/or type of disability were unrelated to availability of grandparent support.…

Mirfin-Veitch, Brigit; Bray, Anne; Watson, Marilyn

1997-01-01

35

Homeless Children  

MedlinePLUS

... year. That's over 1.6 million children. While homeless, they experience high rates of acute and chronic ... of emotional and behavioral problems compared to non-homeless children. 3 Experiences of Violence Violence plays a ...

36

Children's Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence of the ways in which children utilise neighbourhood spaces for play and socalising is presented here. Findings are based on research conducted on the social and environmental geographies of children in middle childhood in Fife, Scotland. Photographs and maps produced by the children are used to illustrate their active, emotional and…

Ross, Nicola J.

2005-01-01

37

Food allergy to gelatin in children with systemic immediate-type reactions, including anaphylaxis, to vaccines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis to measles-mumps-rubella vaccines has been reported. We have suspected that most such reactions are caused by gelatin contained in the vaccines. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the relation between systemic allergic reactions to vaccines and the presence of anti-gelatin IgE, we measured anti-gelatin IgE in children who demonstrated allergy to gelatin-containing vaccines. Furthermore, to clarify the relation between allergic reactions

Masahiro Sakaguchi; Tetsuo Nakayama; Sakae Inouye

1996-01-01

38

Integra artificial skin in the management of severe tissue defects, including bone exposure, in injured children.  

PubMed

A dermal substitute, Integra (Integra Neurosciences Implants SA, Sophia Antipolis, France) artificial skin, was used for wound management on three children with lower limb injuries in our institutions. In one case this biosynthetic material was applied directly to a bony surface (patella). This technique allows an early wound coverage and provides a satisfactory preparation for autograft. It can be a useful adjunct in the treatment of severe tissue defects in child limb injuries. PMID:16093952

Violas, Philippe; Abid, Abdelazis; Darodes, Philippe; Galinier, Philippe; de Gauzy, Jérome Sales; Cahuzac, Jean-Philippe

2005-09-01

39

Urinary tract infection - children  

MedlinePLUS

UTI - children; Cystitis - children; Bladder infection - children; Kidney infection - children; Pyelonephritis - children ... Young children with UTIs may have a fever, poor appetite, vomiting, or no symptoms at all. Most urinary tract ...

40

Study protocol: rehabilitation including social and physical activity and education in children and teenagers with cancer (RESPECT)  

PubMed Central

Background During cancer treatment children have reduced contact with their social network of friends, and have limited participation in education, sports, and leisure activities. During and following cancer treatment, children describe school related problems, reduced physical fitness, and problems related to interaction with peers. Methods/design The RESPECT study is a nationwide population-based prospective, controlled, mixed-methods intervention study looking at children aged 6-18 years newly diagnosed with cancer in eastern Denmark (n?=?120) and a matched control group in western Denmark (n?=?120). RESPECT includes Danish-speaking children diagnosed with cancer and treated at pediatric oncology units in Denmark. Primary endpoints are the level of educational achievement one year after the cessation of first-line cancer therapy, and the value of VO2max one year after the cessation of first-line cancer therapy. Secondary endpoints are quality of life measured by validated questionnaires and interviews, and physical performance. RESPECT includes a multimodal intervention program, including ambassador-facilitated educational, physical, and social interventions. The educational intervention includes an educational program aimed at the child with cancer, the child’s schoolteachers and classmates, and the child’s parents. Children with cancer will each have two ambassadors assigned from their class. The ambassadors visit the child with cancer at the hospital at alternating 2-week intervals and participate in the intervention program. The physical and social intervention examines the effect of early, structured, individualized, and continuous physical activity from diagnosis throughout the treatment period. The patients are tested at diagnosis, at 3 and 6 months after diagnosis, and one year after the cessation of treatment. The study is powered to quantify the impact of the combined educational, physical, and social intervention programs. Discussion RESPECT is the first population-based study to examine the effect of early rehabilitation for children with cancer, and to use healthy classmates as ambassadors to facilitate the normalization of social life in the hospital. For children with cancer, RESPECT contributes to expanding knowledge on rehabilitation that can also facilitate rehabilitation of other children undergoing hospitalization for long-term illness. Trial registration Clinical Trials.gov: file. NCT01772849 and NCT01772862

2013-01-01

41

Training Guides for the Head Start Learning Community: Setting the Stage. Including Children with Disabilities in Head Start.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The letter on the previous page, written by a Head Start parent, underscores the belief, commitment, and support it takes to include children with disabilities in Head Start. Anthony's mother describes an outcome we hope this guide will help accomplish--t...

1997-01-01

42

Children's Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... development of more effective treatment and prevention of mental health disorders in children, youth, and families, including programs targeting expectant mothers, children in school settings, and youth transitioning into adulthood and programs ...

43

Oscillometric twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure values in healthy children and adolescents: A multicenter trial including 1141 subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring is increasingly used to evaluate the blood pressure of children and adolescents. The upper normal ABP values in the pediatric age group are still unknown, because reference values based on a sufficiently high number of healthy children have not yet been published. In this multicenter trial, we pooled ABP records of 1141 healthy children and

Marianne Soergel; Martin Kirschstein; Christopher Busch; Thomas Danne; Jutta Gellermann; Reinhard Holl; Friedrich Krull; Hagen Reichert; György S. Reusz; Wolfgang Rascher

1997-01-01

44

Association of Hypercholesterolemia Incidence With Antiretroviral Treatment, Including Protease Inhibitors, Among Perinatally HIV-Infected Children  

PubMed Central

Context Antiretroviral therapy has been associated with hypercholesterolemia in HIV-infected children. Few longitudinal studies have been conducted to examine this association, however. Objective To evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for development of hypercholesterolemia in a large pediatric study. Design Prospective cohort study (Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 219C). Participants A total of 2122 perinatally HIV-infected children free of hypercholesterolemia at entry. Outcome Development of hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ?220 mg/dL at 2 consecutive visits). Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate risk factors. Results Thirteen percent of children had hypercholesterolemia at entry, and an additional 13% developed hypercholesterolemia during follow-up for an incidence rate of 3.4 cases per 100 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.0 to 3.9). After adjustment for age, boosted protease inhibitor (PI) use (hazard ratio [HR] = 13.9, 95% CI: 6.73 to 28.6), nonboosted PI use (HR = 8.65, 95% CI: 4.19 to 17.9), and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor use (HR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.71) were associated with increased risk of hypercholesterolemia, and higher viral load was protective (>50,000 vs. ?400 copies/mL; HR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.39 to 0.90). Self-reported adherent subjects had higher risk. Conclusions PIs were significant risk factors for hypercholesterolemia. Higher viral load was protective and may reflect non-adherence. Further follow-up is critical to evaluate long-term consequences of chronic PI exposure and hypercholesterolemia.

Tassiopoulos, Katherine; Williams, Paige L.; Seage, George R.; Crain, Marilyn; Oleske, James; Farley, John

2011-01-01

45

Children and war  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an interim report, since the studies mentioned are limited in obtaining long-time effects or in obtaining information on children in belligerent areas of Europe and Asia. Sections of the article include: children's information, concepts, attitudes, and emotional reactions to the idea of war; evacuation; refugee children; various dislocations in family life and in everyday activities; responses to alarms,

A. T. Jersild; M. F. Meigs

1943-01-01

46

Children Worldwide, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the three journal issues comprising volume 19 (1992) of "Children Worldwide" focuses on a specific theme. Issue 1 contains six articles about refugee children, including essays about a community self-help approach in Pakistan, unaccompanied minors in Hong Kong, and refugee families raising children in a new culture; guidelines for working…

Lejeune, Genevieve, Ed.

1992-01-01

47

Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Librarians, teachers, and children's book aficionados will find a wealth of free resources at the Children's Literature website, as well as information about the Children's Literature Comprehensive Database (CLCD), available by subscription only. (Visitors to the web site can sign up for a free trial of the database). One of the key features of the site is the Themed Reviews, that make it easy to get a list of best books on a subject. In this section, choose from almost 60 topics such as Remembering September 11th, 2001, Dinosaurs, Gardening, TV Turn Off Week, or Space Exploration. Most topics include a short introduction, for example, Flight and the Wright Brothers begins with a bit of biography on the Wrights. This is followed by short, signed reviews (reviewers' credentials are also provided), often with cover images, and age recommendations. There is biographical information about authors and illustrators (often links to publisher pages), as well as teaching guides and lesson plans, and events and upcoming conferences.

48

[Street children].  

PubMed

According to UNICEF, street child is any child under the age of 18 for whom the street has become home and/or source of income and which is not adequately protected or supervised by adult, responsible person. It has been estimated that there are between 100 and 150 million street children worldwide. Life and work on the street have long term and far-reaching consequences for development and health of these children. By living and working in the street, these children face the highest level of risk. Street children more often suffer from the acute illness, injuries, infection, especially gastrointestinal, acute respiratory infections and sexually transmitted diseases, inadequate nutrition, mental disorders, and drug abuse. They are more often victims of abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking; they have higher rate of adolescent pregnancy than their peers from poor families. Street children and youth have higher rates of hospitalization and longer hospital stay due to seriousness of illness and delayed health care. Street children/youth are reluctant to seek health care, and when they try, they face many barriers. Street children are invisible to the state and their number in Serbia is unknown. Recently, some non-governmental organizations from Belgrade, Novi Sad and Nis have recognized this problem and tried to offer some help to street children, by opening drop-in centers, but this is not enough. To solve this problem, an engagement of the state and the whole community is necessary, and primary responsibility lies in health, social and educational sector. The best interests of the child must serve as a basic guideline in all activities aimed at improving health, quality of life and rights of children involved in the life and work in the street. PMID:24502109

Roncevi?, Nevenka; Stojadinovi?, Aleksandra; Batrnek-Antoni?, Daliborka

2013-01-01

49

Training Physical Education Teachers to Include Children with Special Educational Needs: Perspectives from Physical Education Initial Teacher Training Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term inclusion has been subject to extensive debate in terms of its definition, interpretation and delivery in relation to children with special educational needs (SEN) in physical education (PE). This study explores the views and experiences of teacher trainers in their role of preparing secondary PE trainees for the inclusion of children

Vickerman, Philip

2007-01-01

50

Training physical education teachers to include children with special educational needs: Perspectives from physical education initial teacher training providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term inclusion has been subject to extensive debate in terms of its definition, interpretation and delivery in relation to children with special educational needs (SEN) in physical education (PE). This study explores the views and experiences of teacher trainers in their role of preparing secondary PE trainees for the inclusion of children with SEN. The data are analysed on

Philip Vickerman

2007-01-01

51

Children Now: Media Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Children Now is an independent, nonpartisan organization, the goal of which is to ensure "that children grow up in economically secure families, where parents can go to work confident that their children are supported by quality health coverage, a positive media environment, a good early education, and safe, enriching activities to do after school." This section of the website features the group's research on children and the media. Recent reports posted here include one entitled, Digital Television: Sharpening the Focus on Children, which addresses the FCC's ruling that will "improve children's television as the nation's broadcasters make the transition to digital television (DTV)" by providing access to educational television programming that parents are able to identify as educational. Additional articles on media legislation affecting children are also posted here.

52

LASIK surgery in children  

PubMed Central

Aims: To report success in the treatment of high myopia in children with LASIK. To report the visual results, complications and postoperative management of children with high myopia. Methods: Six children (seven eyes) with high myopia were included in this series. Preoperative and postoperative refraction, visual acuity, and pachymetry were compared. Results: Six children with high myopia ranging from ?5.00DS to ?16DS were treated. There were three males and three females. Five children had improved refraction and visual acuity post-LASIK. Age ranged from 2 to 12 years. Five of the children had unilateral amblyopia preoperatively. One had bilateral high myopia. Conclusion: High myopia in children may be treated safely and effectively with LASIK.

O'Keefe, M; Nolan, L

2004-01-01

53

Asthma - children  

MedlinePLUS

Pediatric asthma; Asthma - pediatric ... and asthma: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):e519-25. Bush A, Saglani S. Management of severe asthma in children. Lancet . 2010 Sep 4;376(9743): ...

54

Intussusception - children  

MedlinePLUS

Intussusception is the sliding of one part of the intestine into another. This article focuses on intussusception in children. ... Intussusception is caused by part of the intestine being pulled inward into itself. This can block the ...

55

Effective Government Structures for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that government structures are not effective for children. Suggests that a Minister and Children's Unit be responsible for four tasks, including developing government strategy for children, presenting research on children to provide a full view of the child's situation to government, coordinating government departments, and consulting…

Hodgkin, Rachel

1997-01-01

56

AkronChildren's  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Pediatric Psychiatry and Psychology in the Department of Pediatrics at Akron Children’s Hospital is pleased to announce an opening for a pediatric psychologist specializing in the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with chronic disease, and could include particular focus in diabetes , palliative care, sleep, feeding. The position involves development of pediatric psychology programs within outpatient hospital specialty clinics in which the psychologist would function as a member of an interprofessional team.

57

How Nature Helps Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three major ways in which nature helps children develop. Discusses observations of theorists and researchers, including Maria Montessori, that nature stimulates children's powers of observation, fosters creativity, and instills a sense of peace and being at one with the world. Offers recommendations, including protecting nature,…

Crane, William

2001-01-01

58

Children and Marital Disruption.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The article examines the effect of children on marital stability, using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, and tests the propositions that (1) children enhance marital stability, (2) younger children increase stability more than older children,...

L. J. Waite L. A. Lillard

1991-01-01

59

Integrating Music and Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on why and how to integrate music education with children's literature. Discusses the use of the thematic approach. Describes a unit on animals, focusing on books to include in the unit. Includes a bibliography of children's books. (CMK)

Calogero, Joanna M.

2002-01-01

60

Children's Art Exhibitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of "InSEA News" is about children's art exhibitions and their cultural and educational contexts. The authors, from Canada, Australia, the United States, and Scotland, offer a variety of viewpoints about why, where, when, and how children's art exhibitions should be displayed. Issues discussed include who designs the exhibitions,…

Clark, Gilbert, Ed.

1997-01-01

61

“Occult” hydrocephalus in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe 32 children between 2 and 15 years of age who had hydrocephalus that was only clinically manifest late in life. The clinical picture of these children did not suggest an obvious increase in intracranial pressure; instead, the presenting signs were rather nonspecific and included macrocrania, mild psychomotor retardation, unsteady gait, increased muscle tone and deep tendon reflexes

Concezio Rocco; Massimo Caldarelli; Antonello Ceddia

1989-01-01

62

Concerts for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerts designed to introduce young children to music and live performance are staged by a variety of organisations and ensembles across Australia. Shows featuring a wide range of performers are advertised for young children. Such concerts include Babies' Proms, Family Concerts by symphony orchestras, Play School Concerts, performances by…

Suthers, Louie

2008-01-01

63

Lead Poisoning in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban children are exposed to lead through the air they breathe, the water they drink, and the food and nonfood substances they ingest. The history, diagnosis, and treatment of lead poisoning in these children are discussed. Includes information on the toxicology of lead and the various risk classes. (JN)

Boeckx, Roger L.

1986-01-01

64

Children's Reading Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the "Journal of Children and Youth" focuses on children's strategies for decoding and comprehending written language and teacher's strategies for facilitating this process. The issue includes eleven papers by members of the Indiana Reading Professors division of the Indiana State Reading Council and several invited guests. Peggy…

Brown, Rexel E., Ed.

1980-01-01

65

Epidemiology of community-acquired Mycoplasma Pneumoniae respiratory tract infections among hospitalized Chinese children, including relationships with meteorological factors  

PubMed Central

Background: Mycoplasma Pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is a common cause of respiratory tract infections (RTIs), especially in children. Combined diagnostic techniques have provided more reliable information about the epidemiology of infections by this pathogen. The relationship between M. pneumoniae RTIs and climatic conditions is not well documented in the literature. Aims: To study the epidemiology of M. pneumoniae infections in hospitalized children with RTIs and its association with meteorological factors. Methods: Samples were obtained from children with RTIs and tested for M. pneumoniae by PCR and ELISA. Meanwhile, meteorological factors were recorded. Results: M. pneumoniae was identified in 11.02% of the 8,157 specimens. There were significant differences among the annual distribution of infections (?2 =130.13, P<0.0001) and among different seasons (?2 =93.59, P<0.0001). Of the total number of patients with M. pneumoniae infections, 14.5% were infected with more than one pathogen. M. pneumoniae infection strongly correlated with mean temperature. Children with a single M. pneumoniae infection had significantly higher neutrophil percentages and CRP levels than children with co-infections. Conclusions: M. pneumoniae is one of the most commonly held pathogens, according to the 5-year surveillance. M. pneumoniae infection has its own epidemic season, especially in the summer. Mean temperature is the main meteorological factor affecting the epidemiology of M. pneumoniae infections.

Chen, Z R; Yan, Y D; Wang, Y Q; Zhu, H; Shao, X J; Xu, J; Ji, W

2013-01-01

66

Invisible Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pilot project, a mobile Catholic school with a health and pastoral services ministry, which follows its students, migrant children, from Ohio to Florida every year. Indicates the program emphasizes a holistic approach to combat attrition, flexibility, and the active participation of its parents. (10 citations) (AJL)

Moorhead, Gaye

1996-01-01

67

Seeing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The daily reality of working with a group of young children presents many demands for adults in early childhood programs. There are the ongoing chores of caretaking and cleaning up, planning and providing an engaging curriculum, communicating with families and coworkers, and the ever-growing pressures for outcomes, assessment, and documentation to…

Curtis, Deb

2008-01-01

68

The Proper Study for Children: Children and Their Feelings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the need for and feasibility of including children's feelings as school work, sets forth some expectations that arise from such work, and describes ongoing work with children at a public elementary school and the problems encountered. (Author)

Buchholz, Ester S.

1974-01-01

69

The NIH Children’s School  

Cancer.gov

Patient Information Publications NIH Clinical Center National Institutes of Health The NIH Children’s School The NIH Children’s School was established in 1953 to instruct school-age patients of the Clinical Center. An accredited satellite of the

70

Inclusivity matters: Perceptions of children's health and environmental risk including Old Order Mennonites from Ontario, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding of risk views in multiethnic Canadian society may be enhanced by including perceptions of a closed, ethno-religious Old Order Mennonite (OOM) community, farming along the most contaminated tributary of the Grand River, Ontario, Canada. This study represents the first time that these Old Order women have participated in any research. For this exploratory study, qualitative methods were the preferred

Ewa Dabrowska; Susan K. Wismer

2010-01-01

71

Helping Young Children Manage Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the common symptoms of stress exhibited by young children including: (1) social or behavioral; (2) physical; (3) emotional; (4) cognitive; and (5) language. Addresses causes of stress, which typically represent change, fear, or loss in children. Offers strategies for easing children's stress including muscle relaxation, deep breathing,…

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

72

A Prospective Study of the Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Bacteraemia in Bangladeshi Children with Severe Malnutrition and Pneumonia Including an Evaluation of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay  

PubMed Central

Background Severe malnutrition is a risk factor for pneumonia due to a wide range of pathogens but aetiological data are limited and the role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is uncertain. Methods We prospectively investigated severely malnourished young children (<5 years) with radiological pneumonia admitted over a 15-month period. Investigations included blood culture, sputa for microscopy and mycobacterial culture. Xpert MTB/RIF assay was introduced during the study. Study children were followed for 12 weeks following their discharge from the hospital. Results 405 eligible children were enrolled, with a median age of 10 months. Bacterial pathogens were isolated from blood culture in 18 (4.4%) children, of which 72% were Gram negatives. Tuberculosis was confirmed microbiologically in 7% (27/396) of children that provided sputum - 10 by culture, 21 by Xpert MTB/RIF assay, and 4 by both tests. The diagnostic yield from induced sputum was 6% compared to 3.5% from gastric aspirate. Sixty (16%) additional children had tuberculosis diagnosed clinically that was not microbiologically confirmed. Most confirmed tuberculosis cases did not have a positive contact history or positive tuberculin test. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared to culture was 67% (95% CI: 24–94) and 92% (95% CI: 87–95) respectively. Overall case-fatality rate was 17% and half of the deaths occurred in home following discharge from the hospital. Conclusion and Significance TB was common in severely malnourished Bangladeshi children with pneumonia. X-pert MTB/RIF assay provided higher case detection rate compared to sputum microscopy and culture. The high mortality among the study children underscores the need for further research aimed at improved case detection and management for better outcomes.

Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer; Graham, Stephen M.; Duke, Trevor; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Ashraf, Hasan; Faruque, Abu Syed Golam; La Vincente, Sophie; Banu, Sayera; Raqib, Rubhana; Salam, Mohammed Abdus

2014-01-01

73

Including Local Priorities To Assess School Quality: The Case of Save the Children Community Schools in Mali.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supported by Save the Children, the Mali Community School project helped fund school construction in previously unserved villages and accommodated community priorities: instruction in Bambara rather than French, integration of local knowledge into traditional subject areas, and school schedules adapted to agricultural needs. Project evaluation…

Muskin, Joshua A.

1999-01-01

74

Does dystonia always include co-contraction? A study of unconstrained reaching in children with primary and secondary dystonia.  

PubMed

Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary or intermittent muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both. Excessive co-contraction and abnormalities in the time course of reciprocal inhibition between antagonist groups of muscles are considered to be cardinal features of some types of dystonia and reduced speed of movement is often attributed to involuntary activation of antagonist muscles about a joint. In the present study we describe muscle activity during unconstrained multi-joint reaching movements. Children diagnosed with arm dystonia due to cerebral palsy (CP) or primary dystonia (n=7, 4-16 years, 4 with CP, 3 primary) and similar age healthy subjects pointed alternately to two targets as fast as possible. The children with dystonia showed decreased speed, greater variability, and pauses at targets compared with controls. Decreased speed was mostly due to difficulty in reversing reaching direction, and increased variability was associated with large fluctuations in the duration of the pauses at targets, rather than with variations in the flexion/extension velocity profiles. Surface electromyographic (EMG) activities were examined to assess if the abnormalities observed in the children with dystonia could be explained in terms of increased levels of co-contraction. Unexpectedly, we found that the children with dystonia showed lower levels of co-contraction than the controls during movement, and the pauses at tar-gets were associated with reduced levels of activation rather than with excessive activity in antagonist groups of muscles. Therefore reduced speed of movement during unconstrained reaching may not be due to involuntary activation of the antagonist muscle, and co-contraction of opposing muscles about a joint is not an obligatory feature of multi-joint movement in children with dystonia. PMID:16850323

Malfait, Nicole; Sanger, Terence D

2007-01-01

75

Afghanistan Children in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on the well-being of children in Afghanistan, details the work of the Save the Children organization in helping Afghan children and families, and discusses what is currently needed to meet the urgent health and safety needs of Afghan children. It is noted that 25 percent of children die before their fifth birthday,…

Save the Children, Westport, CT.

76

When Children Kill Children: The Search for Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines issues posed by cases involving murder of children by children, including the Bulger case in England and the Redergard case in Norway, which, though not typical, articulate how changes in notions of childhood mesh with change in major social institutions. Addresses concerns about pursuit of justice for children and analyzes relationships…

Asquith, Stewart

1996-01-01

77

1994 Children's Book Awards and Children's Choice Book Awards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two articles on book awards for children's literature lists major awards for 1994, including the Newbery Award, the Caldecott Award, the Coretta Scott King Awards for author and illustrator, and the Mildred L. Batchelder Award. The second article lists, by state, children's and young adult books chosen by children to receive awards.…

School Library Media Annual (SLMA), 1994

1994-01-01

78

Social Relationships and Children’s Subjective Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of relationships is now recognised as an important aspect of children’s subjective well-being. This article focuses\\u000a on both positive and negative quality of relationships. It includes six areas of children’s relationships—family, neighbourhood\\u000a adults, positive affect friendship, negative affect friendship, experiences of being bullied by other young people, and being\\u000a treated unfairly by adults and analyses their association with

Haridhan Goswami

2012-01-01

79

Best Children's Recordings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated discography lists 45 recordings for children from birth to 14 years, including recordings of stories, songs, ballet, and foreign language songs. Distributors' addresses and phone numbers are provided. (EA)

Tynan, Laurie

1993-01-01

80

Specific Phobia Among Children  

MedlinePLUS

... NIMH News About Us Home > Health & Education Specific Phobia Among Children Specific phobia involves marked and persistent fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation. This type of phobia includes, but is not limited to, the fear ...

81

1992 Children's Book Awards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists the winners of the 1992 children's book awards, including the Newbery Award, the Caldecott Award, the Coretta Scott King Awards (for author and for illustrator), and the Mildred L. Batchelder Award. (LRW)

School Library Media Annual (SLMA), 1992

1992-01-01

82

Children and IC  

MedlinePLUS

... intake diary Urodynamics testing Therapeutic solution testing (lidocaine, bicarbonate, and heparin instilled into the bladder) Validated symptom ... IC include: DMSO (RIMSO-50) Therapeutic solution (lidocaine, bicarbonate, and heparin) Challenges Facing Children with IC Conveying ...

83

Children's Books--United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, presents an outline of the situation of children's literature in the United States. Information provided includes lists of organizations interested in the publication, selection, and distribution of children's books and of institutions serving international interests in children's books and…

Havilland, Virginia

84

The Immigrant Children of Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina displaced the largest number of public school children ever affected by any disaster. Approximately 370,000 children, including 15,000 Latino/Hispanic children from Louisiana, were scattered throughout the 48 U.S. states (Landrieu, 2010; Louisiana Department of Education, 2004). Although much of the media…

Reyes, Augustina H.

2010-01-01

85

Quechua Children's Theory of Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three different theory of mind tasks were conducted with 4- to 8-year-old Quechua peasant children in the Peruvian Andes. The study investigated the ways in which children in preliterate cultures think and the possibility that they think differently than children in literate cultures. The tasks included: (1) a false-belief task, which tested the…

McCormick, Penelope G.; Olson, David R.

86

The Future of Children: Children and Computer Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Future of Children is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. The purpose of the site is "to promote effective policies and programs for children" by providing information and research findings. Available from this website is the journal of Children and Computer Technology, which focuses on children's use of computer technology both in school and at home. The articles "summarize the knowledge and research available on how the use of computers affects children's development, whether it increases or decreases the disparities between rich and poor, and whether it can be used effectively to enhance learning." The site describes "promising examples of computer use" and offers recommendations to improve children's access to computers. Other sections include a review of Federal Programs to Increase Children's Access to Educational Technology, a survey on What Children Think About Computers, and a glossary which gives definitions for selected terms and acronyms.

87

Hallucinations in children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians need to consider a wide range of differential diagnoses when children and adolescents present with hallucinations.\\u000a This includes considering whether it is a developmentally normal phenomenon or if there is a psychiatric, medical, or neurologic\\u000a diagnosis. Nonpsychotic children with hallucinations can be differentiated from psychotic children. Nonpsychotic children\\u000a who are at risk (or prodromal) for future psychosis can be

Morton D. Sosland; Gail A. Edelsohn

2005-01-01

88

Building Resilience in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Building Resilience in Children Healthy Living Listen Building Resilience in Children Article Body The world can be ... AAP) to author A Parent’s Guide to Building Resilience in Children and Teens: Giving Your Child Roots ...

89

Children's Brain Tumor Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

Children’s Brain Tumor Foundation, A non-profit organization, was founded in 1988 by dedicated parents, physicians and friends. Our ... and the long term outlook for children with brain and spinal cord tumors through research, support, education, ...

90

Asthma in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... have asthma. Nearly 9 million of them are children. Children have smaller airways than adults, which makes asthma especially serious for them. Children with asthma may experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, ...

91

Children and Home Fires  

MedlinePLUS

... Prevention › Children and Home Fires Children and Home Fires Protecting and Educating Your Children A home fire ... over a candle. Help Your Child Survive a Fire Install smoke alarms on every level of your ...

92

Teaching Children Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... USFA Home Citizens Parents Teaching Children Fire Safety Teaching Children Fire Safety This page may contain links ... Take the mystery out of fire play by teaching children that fire is a tool, not a ...

93

Vesicoureteric reflux in children  

PubMed Central

Aim: This study aimed to identify the differences between primary and secondary vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and the effect of associated bladder abnormalities on kidney function. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of children with VUR who were followed up at King Abdulaziz University Hospital from January 2005 to December 2010. The review included results of radiological investigations and kidney function tests. We used Chi-square test for statistical analysis and paired t-test to compare group means for initial and last creatinine levels. Results: Ninety-nine children were included in this study. Twenty (20.2%) had primary VUR, 11 had high-grade VUR, while 9 had low-grade reflux. All children with low-grade VUR had normal dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). Renal scars were present in 72% of the children with high-grade VUR. The mean creatinine levels (initial and last) for both groups were normal. Seventy-nine (79.8%) children had secondary VUR, which was due to posterior urethral valves (PUV) (46.8%), neurogenic bladder caused by meningomyelocele (25.3%), non-neurogenic neurogenic bladder (NNB) (21.5%), or neurogenic bladder associated with prune belly syndrome (6.3%). Children with NNB, meningomyelocele and PUV had high creatinine at presentation with no considerable worsening of their kidney functions during the last visit. Renal scars were present in 49.4% of the children with secondary VUR. Conclusion: Children with primary VUR and normal bladder had good-functioning kidneys, while those with secondary VUR associated with abnormal bladder caused by NNB, spina bifida or PUV had abnormal kidney functions. DMSA scans were useful in predicting higher grades of VUR in children with primary reflux.

Kari, Jameela A; El-Desoky, Sherif M; Basnawi, Faten; Bahrawi, Ohood

2013-01-01

94

Sublingual immunotherapy in children.  

PubMed

Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is a safe and patient-friendly variant of allergen immunotherapy. These characteristics may provide physicians with a therapy, perfectly suited to the treatment of allergic children. To give an overview of currently published studies on SLIT in children Pubmed was searched for randomised clinical trials (RCTs). In addition available systematic reviews and long-term observational studies were analysed. Until now, 13 RCTs on allergic rhinitis, 22 studies on asthma (including eight studies involving only children) and one study on atopic dermatis have been published. In addition, five systematic reviews on allergic rhinitis have been published and one is in press. One meta-analysis of adults and children with asthma has been reported. All studies report varying results. The effects and their magnitude differ between studies. Systematic reviews give inconsistent results. For allergic rhinitis three reviews appeared to be negative, two were positive and one analysis was inconsistent regarding children. In asthma a meta-analysis involving both adults and children concluded that SLIT is moderately effective. From observational studies effects of SLIT are suggested to persist after discontinuation. Randomised trials indicate that SLIT may prevent the onset of asthma and new sensitisations. As long as evidence for effectiveness is weak, SLIT cannot be firmly recommended in clinical practice. Nevertheless, the proven effectiveness of SLIT in adults supports the proof in principle of this therapy. In the near future immunotherapy trials in children may provide the required proof of effectiveness. PMID:18294100

van Wijk, Roy Gerth

2008-03-01

95

ChildrensColorado  

Cancer.gov

All fellowships are designed as full-time 12-consecutive -month programs beginning in September 2014. Fellows will receive a salary of $38,000, subject to the withholding of taxes. As a full-time Children’s Hospital Colorado employee, fellows are eligible for benefits equivalent to a first year employee which include; medical, dental, vision, short term disability, and life insurance options.

96

Intramedullary tumors in children  

PubMed Central

Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord account for 35-40% of intraspinal tumors in children. The biological behavior of these tumors is of slow progression, and hence aggressive surgery has been advocated. Surgical adjuncts include use of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, preoperative ultrasound, microsurgical techniques and ultrasonic suction devices. Osteoplastic laminoplasty approaches avoid post-laminectomy deformities in younger children. Postoperative radiotherapy and more recently chemotherapy regimes have been proposed for incompletely resected tumors.

Chatterjee, Sandip; Chatterjee, Uttara

2011-01-01

97

Robotic fundoplication in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since January 2006, robotic assistance has been used for performing minimal invasive laparoscopic fundoplications in children.\\u000a These patients were compared with those operated on with either the open surgical technique or the laparoscopic procedure.\\u000a The first six children operated on with a fundoplication using the operation robot, da Vinci Surgical System from Intuitive Surgical, were included prospectively. As controls, data

Magnus Anderberg; Christina Clementson Kockum; Einar Arnbjörnsson

2007-01-01

98

The effect of complex training on the children with all of the deformities including forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of complex training on children with the deformities including forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis. The complex training program was performed for 6 month three times per week. The complex training improved posture as measured by forward head angle (FHA), forward shoulder angle (FSA), and angle between anterior superior iliac spine and posterior superior iliac spine (APA). In the present results, complex training might overcome vertebral deformity through decreasing forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis and increasing flexibility in the children.

Park, Hae-Chan; Kim, Yang-Soo; Seok, Sang-Hun; Lee, Soo-Kyung

2014-01-01

99

The Effects of a Family Support Program Including Respite Care on Parenting Stress and Family Quality of Life Perceived by Primary Caregivers of Children with Disabilities in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a family support program was carried out for primary caregivers of children with disabilities. The program included respite care, recreation programs, counseling, and social support coordination based on individual needs of each family. In order to verify the intervention effects, parenting stress and family quality of life were…

Sung, Minjung; Park, Jiyeon

2012-01-01

100

The Efficacy of Influenza Vaccine for Healthy Children A Meta-Analysis Evaluating Potential Sources of Variation in Efficacy Estimates Including Study Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Two systematic reviews evaluating influenza vaccine efficacy in healthy children have recently been published. Although quantitative summary estimates were similar, authors' conclusions were quite contrasting. We carried out another meta-analysis reeval- uating study inclusion criteria and using metaregression techniques in addition to sensitivity and subgroups analyses to evaluate poten- tial sources of heterogeneity of efficacy estimates, including meth- odologic

Lamberto Manzoli; Francesco Schioppa; Antonio Boccia; Paolo Villari

101

Russia's Unwanted ChildrenA Cultural Anthropological Study of Marginalized Children in Moscow and St Petersburg  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the plight of various categories of marginalized children in urban Russia, including orphans, children with some family ties in special boarding homes and street children. After a presentation of data on marginalized children in Russia within a global context and as background to the study, this article investigates the changing cultural views of marginalized children that

CLEMENTINE G. K. CREUZIGER

1997-01-01

102

Children's Suicidal Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's suicidal behavior is surrounded by controversy with no single theory to explain or assess vulnerable children. Since accidents are the leading cause of death among children it is possible that some of these deaths are suicides. Beliefs by parents and professionals that children are not capable of suicidal behavior are being disproved as…

Patros, Philip G.; Shamoo, Tonia K.

103

Children at War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes experiences of children and adolescents in South Africa who have been subjected to the violence of the apartheid state. Discusses detention of children and torture and assault of detained children. Against this backdrop, explores the effects of violence on children, psychological trauma, counseling interventions, and applications of…

Hickson, Joyce

1992-01-01

104

Children with Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All children, even the healthiest, have preventive and acute health care needs. Moreover, a growing number of children are chronically ill, with preventive, acute, and ongoing care needs that may be much more demanding than those for healthy children. Because children are unable to care for themselves, their parents are expected to provide a range…

Schuster, Mark A.; Chung, Paul J.; Vestal, Katherine D.

2011-01-01

105

Frontal absences in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cohort of 59 consecutive children referred for staring spells, we analysed clinical and electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics in 23 children with both a history of absence seizures and a generalized spike and wave pattern during long-term video EEG monitoring. In 10 children, a frontal spike preceded the generalized spike and wave pattern. In the remaining 13 children, primary generalized

L Lagae; J Pauwels; B Verhelle; J Vervisch

2001-01-01

106

Uganda: stolen children, stolen lives.  

PubMed

This news article discusses conditions in Uganda due to the 12-year war that jeopardize the health and well-being of children. Since 1995 the rebel Sudan-backed Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has secured new recruits to add to their diminishing numbers by abducting children. As many as 8000 children, ages 11 years and older, have been appropriated in the war effort. The children are abducted, trained as soldiers, and forced to commit brutal crimes and murders. Abducted girls are held as sex slaves and forced to marry. Those children who manage to escape need special psychological and medical interventions during their integration back into normal life. World Vision Uganda and Gulu Support the Children Organization (GUSCO) have set up psychosocial counseling programs to help these children overcome their traumatic experiences. The programs offer the children vocational training, trauma counseling, and reintegration into their families. Children return to their families within 3-6 weeks. The large number of children in need has resulted in difficult follow-up and lack of long-term support. The GUSCO reception center houses about 100 children, 15% of whom are girls. The philosophy of recovery is based on the view that 1) the children are survivors with individual resources and not sick victims; and 2) most of the children will experience a healing process when given protection and understanding. GUSCO uses a community participatory approach that includes children in decision-making and relies on local traditions. The psychosocial supportive environment helps children re-establish self-esteem, trust with other people, and a civilian identity. GUSCO works with families, local groups, teachers, and authorities. Reintegration follow-up occurs after 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. The international community should put pressure on Sudan to end its support of the LRA. PMID:9482324

Omona, G; Matheson, K E

1998-02-01

107

Vietnam in Childrens' Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-five nonfiction and 18 fiction and folklore listings are included in this bulletin on Vietnam in childrens' books. Slides, filmstrips, and film listings are also included. Each listing is accompanied by a brief annotation. Subjects include customs and culture, the country and the people, Ho Chi Min, the Vietnamese revolution, Vietnamese…

United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY. United States Committee.

108

Children on the reef  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meriam children are active reef-flat collectors. We demonstrate that while foraging on the reef, children are significantly\\u000a less selective than adults. This difference and the precise nature of children’s selectivity while reef-flat collecting are\\u000a consistent with a hypothesis that both children and adults attempt to maximize their rate of return while foraging, but in\\u000a so doing they face different constraints

Douglas W. Bird; Rebecca Bliege Bird

2002-01-01

109

An analysis on children’s rights in stories recommended for children in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s rights are legally protected benefits for children to develop physically, mentally, emotionally, socially and morally with freedom and honor in a healthy and normal way. It is important that children know the rights they have. Works of high quality children’s literature ensure the socialization of children by making them understand or communicate social and cultural values. For this reason,

2010-01-01

110

Germ Smart: Children's Activities in Disease Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is part of the "Children's Activity Series," a set of four supplemental teaching resources that promote awareness about health, family life, and cultural diversity for children in kindergarten through third grade. Nine activities are included in this booklet to help children be "germ smart" help children in kindergarten through third…

Scheer, Judith K.

111

The Children's Butterfly Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Childrens Butterfly Site includes a photo gallery, coloring pages of the butterfly life cycle, a list of books and videos, an FAQ sheet, an opportunity to ask a scientist questions, and butterfly links. The reference lists include field guides, reference books, books on butterfly gardening and attracting butterflies, activities, and teacher resources. There is also a section on raising a caterpillar.

112

Young Children. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational, cognitive, and brain research with implications for early childhood educators, including those who work with limited-English-proficient, minority, and economically disadvantaged children. "Coming to Grips with Reading Instruction at the Early Grades" (Christie L. Goodman) reports…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

113

Possible High Rate of Transmission of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae, Including ?-Lactamase-Negative Ampicillin-Resistant Strains, between Children and Their Parents  

PubMed Central

The possible transmission of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae between children and their parents was evaluated in 18 pairs of subjects from 15 families. Of the 33 isolates, 31 were found to be ?-lactamase negative, including 10 ?-lactamase-negative, ampicillin (AMP)-resistant (BLNAR) strains (AMP MIC, ?1.0 ?g/ml) and 2 were ?-lactamase producing. Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) showed that 10 BLNAR isolates had 6 patterns, 23 non-BLNAR isolates had 13 patterns, and these patterns were different from each other, except for 1 pattern. As a result, the PFGE patterns in 14 of 18 pairs were indistinguishable and those in 4 pairs were different. These data indicate a possible high rate of intrafamilial transmission of nontypeable H. influenzae, including BLNAR strains, between children and their parents.

Watanabe, Hiroshi; Hoshino, Kazuhiko; Sugita, Rinya; Asoh, Norichika; Watanabe, Kiwao; Oishi, Kazunori; Nagatake, Tsuyoshi

2004-01-01

114

ChildrensCentralCali  

Cancer.gov

Children’s Hospital Central California is excited to announce a new clinical opportunity due to the expansion of our Pediatric Psychology department. Children’s Hospital Central California is a 354 bed not-for-profit, state-of-the-art free standing Children’s Hospital. As a vital member of our Pediatric Psychology team the primary focus of this position will be on providing consultation-liaison services to our various medical inpatient units. There will also be opportunities for providing assessment and therapy services for our subspecialty clinics.

115

A Selective Bibliography of Government Publications On Children's Books and Children's Literature And Bibliographies of Children's Books and Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selective bibliography was compiled as a resource guide to government publications for elementary school teachers and librarians. It includes local, state, national, and international government publications about children's literature and children's books, including bibliographies and bibliographies of bibliographies. Publisher, price, a…

Sacco, Margaret T.

116

Children and Teens with Paralysis  

MedlinePLUS

... Life > Children and Teens with Paralysis Children and Teens Living with Paralysis Any time a family member ... Read more. Books and Videos for Children and Teens Helping children understand paralysis, wheelchairs and disability can ...

117

Visual Perception and Recall of School-Age Navajo, Hopi, Jicarilla Apache, and Caucasian Children of the Southwest including Results from a Pilot Study Among Eskimos and Athabascan School-Age Children of North Alaska. Monograph #5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study determined if a significant difference was demonstrated between American Indians and Caucasians on visual perception and recall tasks associated with cognitive function. It was hypothesized that a significant difference existed between scores obtained by Indian children enrolled in reservation schools and that of Caucasian children

Bland, Laurel LeMieux

118

Children's Picture Book Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at Miami University, the Children's Picture Book Database indexes abstracts of over 4,000 picture books for children. Designed as tool for teachers creating literature-based thematic units for all disciplines, the database is searchable by a set of topical keywords (over 900) organized by discipline or alphabetically, or by a boolean combination search. Entries include title and author, an abstract, and a list of related keywords. Many of the topic listings also provide related links. A well-organized and useful site for preschool to third grade teachers, parents, and librarians.

119

Primary thrombocytosis in children  

PubMed Central

Myeloproliferative neoplasms are uncommon disorders in children, for which we have limited understanding of the pathogenesis and optimal management. JAK2 and MPL mutations, while common drivers of myeloproliferative neoplasms in adult patients, are not clearly linked to pediatric disease. Management and clinical outcomes in adults have been well delineated with defined recommendations for risk stratification and treatment. This is not the case for pediatric patients, for whom there is neither a standard approach to workup nor any consensus regarding management. This review will discuss thrombocytosis in children, including causes of thrombocytosis in children, the limited knowledge we have regarding pediatric primary thrombocytosis, and our thoughts on potential risk stratification and management, and future questions to be answered by laboratory research and collaborative clinical study.

Kucine, Nicole; Chastain, Katherine M.; Mahler, Michelle B.; Bussel, James B.

2014-01-01

120

Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders in Children  

PubMed Central

The most common and challenging gastrointestinal motility disorders in children include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophageal achalasia, gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and constipation. GERD is the most common gastrointestinal motility disorder affecting children and is diagnosed clinically and treated primarily with acid secretion blockade. Esophageal achalasia, a less common disorder in the pediatric patient population, is characterized by dysphagia and treated with pneumatic balloon dilation and/or esophagomyotomy. Gastroparesis and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction are poorly characterized in children and are associated with significant morbidity. Constipation is among the most common complaints in children and is associated with significant morbidity as well as poor quality of life. Data on epidemiology and outcomes, clinical trials, and evaluation of new diagnostic techniques are needed to better diagnose and treat gastrointestinal motility disorders in children. We present a review of the conditions and challenges related to these common gastrointestinal motility disorders in children.

Ambartsumyan, Lusine

2014-01-01

121

Adult Children of Alcoholics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop the Mucowski Typology inventory, to test the hypothetical constructs regarding adult children from alcoholic families (ACOAs) prouosed by Claudia Black. This was done in order to discriminate them from others who were not raised in families in which there was alcoholism present. The subjects used in this study included entering freshmen college

Richard J. Mucowksi; Robert Hayden

1993-01-01

122

Children in the Junkyard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of playgrounds that use discarded items or "junk" as an integral part of kindergarten classes in an Israeli kibbutz. Suggests that play in the junkyard, by including the whole person--muscles and senses, emotion and intellect, individual growth and social interaction--can offer the experiential foundations on which children can…

Haas, Malka

1996-01-01

123

Lead Poisoning in Children  

PubMed Central

In this study of the phenomenon of lead poisoning in children, the various approaches that several cities have employed to combat the problem are discussed. Several suggestions for dealing with the situation are proposed. These include educational programs, followup reports, legislation, and research.

Alli, Billiamin A.

1977-01-01

124

Action for Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins, development, and effectiveness of Action for Children's Television (ACT) are examined in this pamphlet. The strategies used by ACT to obtain change at the congressional level and within television stations and networks include the following: a "tuneout" day when people are urged to turn off their television sets, a boycott of certain…

Ranly, Donald P.

125

A Curriculum for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains seven papers, six of which were presented at a 1968 conference sponsored by the Elementary Education Advisory Council of the ASCD in cooperation with the Department of Elementary-Kindergarten-Nursery Education of the NEA. Topics covered include elements and issues in curriculum-making for children, present trends in…

Frazier, Alexander, Ed.

126

1991 Children's Book Awards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists the winners of the 1991 children's book awards, including the Newbery Award (Jerry Spinelli); the Caldecott Award (David Macaulay); the Coretta Scott King Award (Mildred Taylor, author; Leo and Diane Dillon, illustrators); and the Mildred L. Batchelder Award (Rafik Shami, author; translated from Arabic by Rika Lesser). (LRW)

School Library Media Annual (SLMA), 1991

1991-01-01

127

Rivers and Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reviews children's books on rivers, providing a brief synopsis, commentary on photos, diagrams, charts, as well as text. Recommends appropriate grade and reading levels, suggests how to use the books in the classroom, provides questions to stimulate discussion, suggests activities that prep for or follow-up books. Includes publisher, publication date, and ISBN, and links where books are available.

128

Children, media and consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports a five-year Danish study into levels of consumer socialisation among children, showing how they have been affected by new and proliferating communications media; issues include their spending and saving abilities, brand awareness, media use, interests and activities, while advertising was examined in relation to consumer socialisation. Outlines the methods of this research, which consists of qualitative and quantitative data

Birgitte Tufte

2003-01-01

129

Children's Programming Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions for establishing children's library programs in the Cumberland County, North Carolina, library system include descriptions of types of audiences, types of programs, and elements of programs. Selection guidelines for topics and materials cover the following areas: (1) art projects; (2) costumes; (3) creative dramatics; (4) drawing; (5)…

Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center, Fayetteville, NC.

130

Change and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes classroom activities to help children determine cause and relate the changes to the substances being changed. Advocates the use of "change jars" and making daily observations to teach the concepts that certain conditions promote change. Includes ideas using temperature, moisture, rotting, and sprouting to teach the concept of change. (CW)

Ostlund, Karen; Fite, Kathy

1988-01-01

131

Assessing Minority Group Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contents of this book include the following collection of articles: "Assessing Minority Group Children: Challenges for School Psychologists," Thomas Oakland; "The NEA Testing Moratorium," Boyd Bosma; "Cultural Myopia: The Need for a Corrective Lens," Martin H. Gerry; "Assumptions Underlying Psychological Testing," T. Ernest Newland;…

Phillips, Beeman N., Ed.

132

Bruised Children Remember.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In prose and art, students and staff from a residential treatment center for troubled children in Columbus, Ohio, express and illustrate the depth of pain that children and their caregivers face in the process of healing from abuse. (Author)

Reclaiming Children and Youth, 2001

2001-01-01

133

Children and Prejudice  

MedlinePLUS

... intolerances tied to differences in social class and religion. The Impact of Prejudice On Children Children can ... have a curriculum that covers the different races, religions and cultures of present-day America? Is your ...

134

Children and Social Networking  

MedlinePLUS

... content of self-expression such as art work, music and political views Developing and expressing your individual ... information see Facts for Families : Children Online #59 Music/Music Videos #40 Children and Watching TV #54 ...

135

Suicide Prevention for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Problems > Suicide Prevention For Children Health Issues Listen Suicide Prevention For Children Article Body Occasionally, during times of ... Ash Denver, Colorado 80222 National Committee for Youth Suicide Prevention 230 Park Avenue, Suite 835 New York, New ...

136

Medicines and Children  

MedlinePLUS

... medication has been studied for its effects on children. It also tells you what ages have been ... counter products haven't actually been studied in children for effectiveness, safety, or dosing. When you give ...

137

Physical Activity and Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Requirements Fit-Friendly Resources The AHA's Recommendations for Physical Activity in Children Updated:May 1,2014 Click image ... Inactive children are likely to become inactive adults. Physical activity helps with: controlling weight reducing blood pressure raising ...

138

Adopted Children and Discipline  

MedlinePLUS

... Family Life Health Management - Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care Communication & Disciplines Types of Families Media ... My Cart Healthy Children > Family Life > Family Dynamics > Adoption & Foster Care > Adopted Children & Discipline Family Life Listen ...

139

Medicine safety and children  

MedlinePLUS

... medicine is made to look and taste like candy. Children are curious and attracted to medicine. Most ... like you. Do not call medicine or vitamins candy. Children like candy and will get into medicine ...

140

Dietary fat and children  

MedlinePLUS

Children and fat free diets; Fat free diet and children ... Some fat in the diet is needed for normal growth and development. However, many conditions such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes are linked to ...

141

Tonsillectomies and children  

MedlinePLUS

Children and tonsillectomies ... many parents wonder if it is wise for children to have the tonsils taken out. Tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has any of the following: Difficulty swallowing Obstructed ...

142

Glasses Fitting for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... and continued good fit for your child. What frame should be chosen? Size is very important. (Figure ... wear spectacles. Children should not be given adult frames to grow into. Some children wear straps to ...

143

Ingrown Toenails in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... News, Videos & Podcasts » Articles » Text Size Print Bookmark Ingrown Toenails in Children Parents can help prevent a common ... few simple tips. Foot and ankle surgeons say ingrown toenails are a common condition they treat in children. ...

144

All Children Are Special  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyses the assumptions made by the Bartley-Daly Act (Chapter 766) about the nature of children, education, the schools and the community outside the school in terms of the law's implications for regular children. (Author/AM)

Harman, Susan

1975-01-01

145

Written for Children: An Outline of English Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's prose literature in Britain is surveyed from the 17th century to the present. The main stream of this development is exemplified by an examination of the lives and works of such authors as (1) John Newbery, whose books for children include "Goody Two-Shoes" (1766), (2) Mrs. Sherwood, whose didactic books contain a moral lesson in every…

Townsend, John Rowe

146

Central Corneal Thickness in Children  

PubMed Central

Objective To report the central corneal thickness (CCT) in healthy white, African-American, and Hispanic children from birth to 17 years of age. Design Prospective observational multicenter study. Central corneal thickness was measured with a hand-held contact pachymeter. Results Two thousand seventy-nine children were included in the study, with ages ranging from day of birth to 17 years. Included were 807 white, 494 Hispanic, and 474 African-American individuals, in addition to Asian, unknown and mixed race individuals. African-American children had thinner corneas on average than that of both white (p< .001) and Hispanic children (p< .001) by approximately 20 micrometers. Thicker median CCT was observed with each successive year of age from age 1 to 11 years, with year-to-year differences steadily decreasing and reaching a plateau after age 11 at 573 micrometers in white and Hispanic children and 551 micrometers in African-American children. For every 100 micrometers of thicker CCT measured, the intraocular pressure was 1.5 mmHg higher on average (p< 0.001). For every diopter of increased myopic refractive error (p< 0.001) CCT was 1 micrometer thinner on average. Conclusions Median CCT increases with age from 1 to 11 years with the greatest increase present in the youngest age groups. African-American children on average have thinner central corneas than white and Hispanic children, while white and Hispanic children demonstrate similar central corneal thickness.

2011-01-01

147

Antibiotic prescriptions in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: In the year surveyed, 511270 antibiotic prescriptions in 219 257 children were identified. In all, 52.9% of children received at least one antibiotic; this percentage decreased with age, ranging from 70.4% in children 1-2 years old to 35.8% in children >11 years old. Fifty-two per cent of inhabitants under the age of 15 years were treated with systemic antibiotics

D. Resi; M. Milandri; M. L. Moro; Viale Aldo Moro

2003-01-01

148

BostonChildrens  

Cancer.gov

The Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children’s Hospital is seeking a pediatric psychologist for a full-time position in the Medical Coping Clinic.The psychologist will provide outpatient consultation and therapy for children and adolescents diagnosed with acute and chronic medical conditions.Specific training and skills in the application of cognitive-behavioral therapy with children diagnosed with medical conditions is required.

149

On Japanese Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, presents data and facts concerning yearly publications (books, magazines, and textbooks), translations, and illustrations of Japanese children's literature. The report then discusses at length recent trends in children's literature and library activities for children in the past, present, and…

Watanare, Shigeo

150

Children in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

wenty-five years ago educational services for children with disabilities were frequently fragmented, underfunded, highly segregated, and unreliable. Public schools were often ill prepared and unwilling to provide special and necessary services to children with disabilities. Over the past two decades, efforts to provide an appropriate education for children with disabilities in America—through a series of state statutes, federal court cases,

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

151

Balancing Priorities for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion focuses on teachers' beliefs and values as they relate to working with young children. Specific attention is given to (1) whether the reported blurring of the boundaries between child-life and adult-life has affected the education of young children; (2) parental pressure to provide very young children with persistently optimal…

Balaban, Nancy

152

Children Playing with Fire  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... associated civilian fire deaths. Video: Children playing with fire cause hundreds of deaths and injuries each year. NFPA's Lisa Braxton talks about how clear rules and consequences must be established for children about fire misuse. Source: NFPA's " Children Playing with Fire " report ...

153

Children Talking about Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to demonstrate how quality literature can engage children in reflective thinking about stories, themselves, and the world, this book suggests children's literature worthy of discussion, shows how interactions work, and encourages adults to bond with children. The book begins with a chapter on how to use the book and a chapter on the…

Borders, Sarah G.; Naylor, Alice Phoebe

154

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

155

Children and Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data on the problems of poor children and youth. Describes the efforts of the Children's Defense Fund to make preventive investment in children and families the cornerstone of domestic policy, and to make decent, affordable child care services available nationwide. (MW)

Edelman, Marian Wright

1989-01-01

156

Children's empowerment in play  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the level of empowerment and autonomy children can create in their play experiences. It examines the play discourses that children build and maintain and considers the importance of play contexts in supporting children's emotional and social development. These aspects of play are often unseen or misunderstood by the adult observer. The article emphasises the importance of adult?free

Natalie Canning

2007-01-01

157

Parental Smoking Affects Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research done by workers at Harvard Medical School suggests that passive exposure to cigarette smoke can impair breathing in children ages five through nine. Lung flow rates (breathing ability) decreased for children with smoking parents, and significantly if the children also smoke. (MA)

Science News, 1978

1978-01-01

158

Children Writing Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, the author reveals the creative force of children's narrative imagination and shows how this develops through childhood. He provides a new and powerful understanding of the significance of narrative for children's intellectual growth and for learning and teaching. The book explores a series of real stories written by children between…

Armstrong, Michael

2006-01-01

159

Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first federal Internet privacy law (the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act) provides safeguards for children by regulating collection of their personal information. Unfortunately, teens are not protected. Legislation is pending to protect children from online marketers such as ZapMe! Interactive technologies require constant vigilance.…

Aidman, Amy

2000-01-01

160

Children's Choices for 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year 12,500 school children from different regions of the United States read and vote on the newly published children's and young adults' trade books that they like best. The Children's Choices for 2008 list is the 34th in a series that first appeared as "Classroom Choices" in the November 1975 issue of "The Reading Teacher" (RT), a…

Reading Teacher, 2008

2008-01-01

161

Children and Hypertension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since children as young as seven years old can suffer from hypertension, all children should have blood pressure checked during physical examinations. Guidelines for testing children's blood pressure are presented along with suggestions about what schools and parents can do to help deal with the problem. (PP)

Carter, Denise

1983-01-01

162

Legacy for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than 15 million children in the United States are currently living in poverty and the number is increasing. Children living in poverty are at significantly higher risk for poor health and development. Parents play a critical role in their children's ...

2011-01-01

163

Counseling with Exceptional Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

2004-01-01

164

Roball interacting with children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This video shows a light hearted view of a rolling autonomous robot named Roball. Roball is shown interacting with various children who age from 10 months old to teenagers at a high school. The clips show the different ways children interact with Roball and also the different types of reactions the children can have to Roball. Each clip was taken

Tamie Salter; François Michaud; Dominic Létourneau

2009-01-01

165

Children's Play and Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adverse effects of FCC deregulation of children's television programming on children's play behavior. Discusses the difference between play and imitation, the role of high quality dramatic play in healthy child development, the popularity of war play, and use of toys to increase dramatic play. Considers ways to help children gain control…

Powell, Mark

2001-01-01

166

Integrating Refugee Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the Moscow Center for the Integration and Education of Refugee Children attempts to provide real schooling for refugee children displaced from the Chechen Republic. Suggests main task was to prepare the children for regular school, and to help them adapt to both their new school and their new home, Moscow. Hopes this experience may help…

Vershok, Anna

2003-01-01

167

Directory of Regional Centers and Educational Programs Providing Services to Deaf/Blind Children and Youth in the United States (Including Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed in the directory are over 200 educational programs and services for deaf blind children in the United States and U. S. territories. It is noted that the 10 coordinators of regional centers for services to deaf blind children have aided in compilation of the directory. Listings are arranged by state within the New England, Mid-Atlantic…

Alonso, Lou, Comp.

168

Mapping Numerical Processing, Reading, and Executive Functions in the Developing Brain: An fMRI Meta-Analysis of 52 Studies Including 842 Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the connections from brain functions to children's cognitive development and education is a major goal of modern neuroscience. We performed the first meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data obtained over the past decade (1999-2008) on more than 800 children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive…

Houde, Olivier; Rossi, Sandrine; Lubin, Amelie; Joliot, Marc

2010-01-01

169

Can Children's Literature Bring Peace?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, presented at a special meeting held in Tehran, discusses whether children's books can promote peace and analyzes several titles according to a theory of moral development evolved by Lawrence Kohlberg. Included are a list of programs in the United States that directly relate to peace education for children and a list of special…

Pellowski, Anne

170

Developing a Children's Choir Concert.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how choir directors choose the music repertoire for a concert. Offers six criteria (text, singability, form, part-writing, accompaniment, and instructional implications) when evaluating a piece for use with children. Discusses the process of developing the concert. Includes sources for listings of children's choir octavos and sample…

Broeker, Angela

2000-01-01

171

Children in the States, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the Children's Defense Fund lists statistics on child and youth well-being for each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) children participating in federally subsidized programs (including Title 1 Education for the Disadvantaged, bilingual education programs,…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

172

School Adaptation of Roma Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the degree of school adaptation among Roma children who were included in a program for the desegregation of Roma schools in Bulgaria. More specifically, the program requires Roma children to attend mixed classes with Bulgarian students and Roma teacher assistants to work with them. The Bulgarian version of the Questionnaire on…

Gerganov, Encho; Varbanova, Silvia; Kyuchukov, Hristo

2005-01-01

173

Sleep disorders in children  

PubMed Central

Introduction Sleep disorders may affect between 20% and 30% of young children, and include problems getting to sleep (dyssomnias), or undesirable phenomena during sleep (parasomnias), such as sleep terrors and sleepwalking. Children with physical or learning disabilities are at increased risk of sleep disorders. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments for dyssomnias in children? What are the effects of treatments for parasomnias in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to September 2009 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 28 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: antihistamines; behavioural therapy plus antihistamines, plus benzodiazepines, or plus chloral and derivatives; benzodiazepines alone; exercise; extinction and graduated extinction; 5-hydroxytryptophan; light therapy; melatonin; safety/protective interventions for parasomnias; scheduled waking (for parasomnias); sleep hygiene; and sleep restriction.

2010-01-01

174

Children of Conflict  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by BBC Worldservice with the assistance of the UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) and the Human Rights Fund of the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, this site features the harrowing tales of children caught in war zones across the world, told in their own words. Divided into sections which explore the different experiences of the children of conflict (child soldiers, wounded children, lost children, child-headed households, child workers), the site offers brief explanatory notes, numerous quotes, RealAudio selections in a variety of languages, transcripts, and letters from children. Links are provided throughout the site to sources for more information.

175

Raising Our Voices for Children. Association for Children of New Jersey Annual Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through research and policy advocacy, the Association for Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) works to change state policies and improve programs for children, and advocates to bring together many more voices on behalf of children. The annual report reviews 2006 accomplishments, including: (1) More state funding for preschool ensure that more children

Association for Children of New Jersey, 2006

2006-01-01

176

Services to Children and Young Adults. Library Service to Rural Children: A Look at Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information and copies a report by Marlys Cresap and Marilyn Nickelsburg on a statewide conference of children's librarians. Highlights include a survey of children's services in Iowa libraries and presentations on the history and philosophy of children's services (Margaret Bush) and the role of children's librarians (Barbara…

Young, Diana, Ed.

1987-01-01

177

Nonoffending Parent Expectations of Sexually Abused Children: Predictive Factors and Influence on Children's Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the influence of parental expectations on the functioning of sexually abused children. Participants included 67 sexually abused youth and 63 of their nonoffending primary caregivers. Parental expectations about how sexual abuse will impact children were predictive of parents' ratings of children's behavior at pretreatment, while parental expectations of children's overall future functioning were not predictive of parents'

Haig Kouyoumdjian; Andrea R. Perry; David J. Hansen

2009-01-01

178

The effect of children’s gender and parental education on toddler language development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have demonstrated that children’s gender and parental education exert a significant, but not equal, effect on toddler language development at different ages. This study determined the effect of children’s gender and parental education on the verbal competence of toddlers between 16 and 30 months. The sample included 953 Slovenian toddlers (approximately half boys and half girls) whose parents

Ljubica Marjanovi? Umek; Urška Fekonja; Simona Kranjc; Katja Bajc

2008-01-01

179

Russia's Unwanted Children: A Cultural Anthropological Study of Marginalized Children in Moscow and St. Petersburg.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the plight of marginalized children in urban Russia, including orphans, children with some family ties living in group homes, and street children. Found that changing public views toward these groups since WWII have led to a deterioration in lifestyle for these children, further contributing to criminal activity and poverty in urban areas.…

Creuziger, Clementine G. K.

1997-01-01

180

Children's "euthanasia" in Nazi Germany.  

PubMed

Children with disabilities were killed during the Nazi era, often by nurses. Some nurses killed children, saying that they were under orders. Propaganda about the need for "racial purity" was all pervasive and influenced much of the population, including nurses. The German people accepted the "mercy" killing of children with disabilities. We describe the children's "euthanasia" program, explore the influence of propaganda, ask why it was acceptable to kill children, and provide historical context demonstrating "slippery slopes" which can lead to abrogation of ethical principles. Discussion of such history is essential as the ethical principles which were breached are still the cornerstone of nursing practice today. Only by openly discussing past wrongs can we attempt to ensure that they do not happen again. Archival documents from Germany and Israel, including trial depositions and transcripts, provided material, supplemented by secondary classic sources. PMID:19931148

Benedict, Susan; Shields, Linda; O'Donnell, Alison J

2009-12-01

181

Stroke in children.  

PubMed

Stroke is defined as the sudden occlusion or rupture of cerebral arteries or veins resulting in focal cerebral damage and neurological deficits. Forms of stroke resulting from vascular occlusion are arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) and sinovenous thrombosis (SVT) and those resulting from vascular rupture are called hemorrhagic stroke. Stroke in children is relatively rare and frequently results in a lack of recognition and delay in diagnosis. The etiologies of stroke in children are legion and multiple risk factors coexist unlike unifactorial etiology in adults. Heart disease whether congenital or acquired, malformations, metabolic and hematological disorders and vasospastic conditions like migraine are seen more often in childhood strokes. The purpose of diagnostic evaluation includes confirmation of the presence of a cerebrovascular lesion, exclusion of other types of neurological dysfunction and identification of etiology of the stroke. The treatment of stroke in children has been primarily directed toward stabilizing systemic factors and management of the underlying causes. Various antithrombotic and non antithrombotic therapies are discussed. The use of anticoagulant therapy appears to be increasing in pediatric AIS. Mortality after stroke in children ranges from 20% to 30% depending on the location and the underlying cause. Residual neurological dysfunction is present in more than 50% of survivors. PMID:14510085

Gulati, Sheffali; Kalra, Veena

2003-08-01

182

Children's Concepts of Identity: A New Method.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new technique for testing childrens' concepts of subjective identity was tested. This involved asking children the consequences of various body part transplants, including the brain, to a person's identity. Results indicate that during the school years ...

C. N. Johnson

1981-01-01

183

Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project called "Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children". The project was simple in scope. The authors sought to collect stories of child advocacy--ways in which children were working on behalf of other children. They also sought to collect and profile children's voices and vision and so they issued a…

Zygmunt-Fillwalk, Eva; Staley, Lynn; Kumar, Rashmi; Lin, Cecilia Lingfen; Moore, Catherine; Salakaya, Manana; Szecsi, Tunde

2007-01-01

184

Children's Graphical Representations and Emergent Writing: Evidence from Children's Drawings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on children's drawing and writing focused on children's drawing and symbolization with syllabic languages, providing little information regarding young children's symbolization in drawing with a logo language. This study investigated children's emergent writing by examining qualitatively how children's writing takes place as…

Wu, Li-Yuan

2009-01-01

185

Rehabilitation of children with cataracts.  

PubMed Central

Over a period of 10 years, 160 children with cataracts underwent operation at the University of Tennessee Medical Center, Memphis. The surgical, optical, and psychosocial rehabilitation of these patients was analyzed and studied. The optical rehabilitation included patients with glasses, intraocular lens implants, epikeratophakia, and contact lenses. Seventy three of these patients were chosen at random and reevaluated as to visual outcome, and 46 were subjected to a psychosocial test to evaluate their quality of life and their rehabilitation. Eighteen of these were also given a psychosocial test to evaluate the quality of life enjoyed by these children at an older age following treatment for the cataract. Surgical, optical, and psychosocial rehabilitation of such children is also discussed. This is the first report of the psychological evaluation of such children. The further needs of these children as they approach adulthood are discussed in detail.

Hiatt, R L

1998-01-01

186

Children’s Orthopaedics in the Tropics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, an epidemiological and clinical survey of children’s orthopaedics and trauma, as these relate to countries\\u000a in the tropics, is presented. While there is a similarity with the majority of diseases encountered in the developed countries,\\u000a there are certain defining characteristics in the incidence, the pattern, the severity or otherwise, and in the clinical presentation\\u000a of many of

Sharaf B. Ibrahim; Abdul-Hamid Abdul-Kadir

187

The evolution of freestanding children's hospitals in Canada  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present article is to examine the evolution of freestanding children’s hospitals in Canada over the past century. The results include documentation of the number of freestanding children’s hospitals in Canada that have since closed, merged with other institutions or remained freestanding. Similar data are presented for the United States (US). Also included is an analysis of factors in the internal and external environment that contributed to the changing structure of children’s hospitals. METHODS Sources of information included a review of the literature, publicly available data and statistics on children’s hospitals in Canada and the US. RESULTS Nine of the 16 children’s hospitals in Canada were freestanding at one time. Today, only two remain freestanding. Three formerly freestanding children’s hospitals have merged with maternal health facilities and four formerly freestanding children’s hospitals have merged with adult institutions. Similar trends are seen in the US. CONCLUSIONS The structure of children’s hospitals in North America has changed significantly over the past century. This can be attributed to a number of factors, including the evolution of the health status of children due to medical advances, as well as external forces such as demographics and the rising cost of health care. The impact on the health of children and the mission of children’s hospitals in terms of patient care, teaching and research remains to be seen.

Stang, Antonia S; Joshi, Arvind

2006-01-01

188

Read It Again: Choosing and Using Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details guidelines for selecting books for young children in child care settings. Describes categories of children's books, including ABC books, counting books, and wordless picture books. Provides suggestions for preparing books for use by young children, and delineates steps for planning book experiences with young children and teaching children

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

189

Children's Voices: Reactions to a Criminal Justice Issue Picture Book  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the issue of children with incarcerated parents within the broader topic of criminal justice in multicultural children's literature. The sheer magnitude of culture of children with incarcerated parents makes it necessary for their stories to be included in children's literature. Children with an incarcerated parent need to…

Oslick, Mary Ellen

2013-01-01

190

Cotsen Children's Library: Virtual Children's Books Exhibits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Princeton University's virtual exhibit of past exhibits of children's book illustrations offers visuals and brief explanations geared towards children and adults. The easy-to-use website is divided into four virtual exhibits, that contain a portion of what the physical exhibits at the Cotsen Children's Library at Princeton University displayed. The four exhibits can be accessed by clicking on their links on the homepage. The "Water Babies" exhibit contains illustrations of swimming, and was meant as a respite for kids who couldn't escape the city's heat. Each illustration in the virtual exhibit is accompanied by a short synopsis of the book or publication it came from, and often a web link or reading suggestion for more information on the author, illustrator, or subject matter of the book. The "Magic Lantern" virtual exhibit contains illustrations of magic lanterns, a type of projector widely available for home use, that were the precursors to film and television, and which enthralled children and adults alike. The "Creepy-Crawlies" exhibit highlighted the many illustrations of insects in children's books and natural history. The insects in children's books were most often portrayed as evil or villainous. But, if visitors can put those feelings aside, they will find many beautifully rendered drawings. The physical "Beatrix Potter" exhibit coincided with the publication of the Beatrix Potter Collection of Lloyd Cotsen in 2004, and the virtual exhibit contains illustrations by Potter, and others, with whom the visitor can use for comparison, to see Potter's unique style.

191

[Gynecomastia in children].  

PubMed

The experience with treatment of 34 children with gynecomastia is summarized. The examination included roentgenography of the Turkish saddle, definition of bone age, investigation of buccal sex chromatin, excretion of 17-ketosteroids, excretory urography against the background of retropneumoperitoneum, ultrasound investigation of the mammary glands. In juvenile gynecomastia, the mammary glands were removed, the expectant tactic being considered unwarranted. The long-term results of the surgical treatment are good. PMID:2204741

Kushch, N L; Litovka, V K; Dzhansyz, N N; Zhurilo, I P; Vecherko, V N; Makarov, V N

1990-01-01

192

The National Children's Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Children's Study is an ongoing study by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the US Environmental Protection Agency. This new Web siteprovides comprehensive information about the study, including background, an overview of the study, information from previous meetings, and a list of people involved in coordinating and conducting the study.

2001-01-01

193

Oceans and Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reviews children's books on ocean topics, providing a brief synopsis and commentary on photos, diagrams, charts, as well as text. Recommends appropriate grade and reading levels, suggests how to use the books in the classroom, order of presentation to best stimulate questions and provide answers, suggests activities that prep for or follow-up books. Includes publisher, publication date, and ISBN, and links where books are available.

194

Virosome influenza vaccine in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of vaccines for the prophylaxis of influenza in children is limited. This is despite high annual rates of influenza in children and despite the complications caused by influenza in children with chronic respiratory illnesses. The disease burden of influenza on infants and young children is reviewed and the potential of recommended influenza vaccination in healthy children, to reduce

Christian Herzog; Ian C Metcalfe; Urs B Schaad

2002-01-01

195

Key Facts about Children in Utah. Children and Families at Risk: A Status Report of Our Children, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah KIDS COUNT program provides information about child well-being to enhance discussions on securing better futures for children. Indicators of children's quality of life are chosen to reflect a range of influences on children, conditions across developmental stages, and comparisons across time. Ten indicators examined included: (1) low…

Utah Children, Salt Lake City.

196

The impact of including writing materials in early childhood classrooms on the early literacy development of children from low?income families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of incorporating writing materials in all areas of the preschool classroom on the early literacy development of young children from low?income families. The researchers worked with six teachers in three preschool classrooms to incorporate literacy materials—particularly those materials that would allow children to express themselves through writing—throughout the classroom learning

Patricia Clark; Sherry Kragler

2005-01-01

197

Social Information Processing in Elementary-School Aged Children with ADHD: Medication Effects and Comparisons with Typical Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined social information processing (SIP) in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD and in controls. Participants were 75 children (56 boys, 19 girls) aged 6-12 years, including 41 children with ADHD and 34 controls. Children were randomized into medication conditions such that 20 children with ADHD participated after receiving placebo…

King, Sara; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Frankland, Bradley W.; Andrade, Brendan F.; Jacques, Sophie; Corkum, Penny V.

2009-01-01

198

Talking with Children about Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides activities to help preschool children develop an understanding of the concept of time. Activities include making a sundial and a water clock or sand clock, as well as a time wheel of the months and seasons. (HTH)

Texas Child Care, 1995

1995-01-01

199

Parenting the Internet: Resources for Parents and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents general statistical findings of Internet use by children, discusses the recent Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), and summarizes online child safety considerations. Considers filtering and includes current resources for parents and children. (Author/LRW)

Bushong, Sara

2002-01-01

200

Global Children's Art Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Children's Art Gallery hosts a refreshing collection of children's artwork in a variety of formats. Each image can be enlarged and is accompanied by a flag indicating the country or countries where the artist lives. This site is a part of the Natural Child site, a site maintained by psychologist Jan Hunt that is devoted to an attachment parenting perspective, "in which all children are treated with dignity, respect, understanding, and compassion."

201

Children with hepatitis C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C affects thousands of children throughout the world. Most children acquire the virus through vertical transmission,\\u000a although parenteral routes of acquisition are also common. Hepatitis C progresses slowly, with mild biopsy findings and no\\u000a symptoms in most children and in many adults. However, significant liver inflammation and fibrosis can occur in childhood.\\u000a Trials of antiviral therapy with interferon and

Girish Subba Rao; Jean Pappas Molleston

2005-01-01

202

Gallstone disease in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context  Little is known about the epidemiology of cholelithiasis in children. Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis were considered\\u000a to be uncommon in infants and children but have been increasingly diagnosed in recent years due to widespread use of ultrasonography.\\u000a However, there is not much of information from India and no consensus among Indian pediatricians and pediatric surgeons regarding\\u000a management of gallstones in children.

Ujjal Poddar; Sanjay Gandhi

2010-01-01

203

Ischemic strokes in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ischemic stroke is an uncommon, but significant cause of disability in childhood. Children with strokes present with predictable\\u000a deficits as adults do; however, fever and seizures at stroke onset are more common in children than in adults. Strokes in\\u000a children have diverse etiologies and require extensive evaluation. Etiology remains obscure in up to half of the patients.\\u000a Prognosis in childhood

Laurence E. Walsh; Bhuwan P. Garg

1997-01-01

204

Pacing in children  

PubMed Central

The implantation of cardiac pacing devices in children and young adults can be challenging and different from the adult population due to their smaller size, their longer life expectancy, and anatomical variations associated with congenital heart defects. A knowledge of indications, pacing leads and devices, anatomical variations, and the technical skills are important for those who implant and care for children with pacemakers. In this review we attempt to discuss these specific points of cardiac pacing in children and young adults.

Singh, Harinder R; Batra, Anjan S; Balaji, Seshadri

2013-01-01

205

Endoscopic necrosectomy in children.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis in children is rarely complicated by the development of necrosis. Although endoscopic transluminal necrosectomy is evolving as the standard of care in adults, its feasibility in the pediatric population has not been established. We hereby report the first case series of children with necrotizing pancreatitis successfully treated with endoscopic therapy. We believe the use of fully covered self-expanding metallic stents in the cystgastrostomy may reduce the number of transluminal necrosectomy sessions for large necrotic collections in children. PMID:24796802

Trikudanathan, Guru; Arain, Mustafa; Mallery, Shawn; Freeman, Martin; Attam, Rajeev

2014-08-01

206

Thyroid surgery in children.  

PubMed

Although surgical conditions of the thyroid gland are uncommon in children, the increased incidence of thyroid cancer, combined with the fact that children?s hospitals are increasingly treating older adolescents, means that it is important that all pediatric surgeons have a knowledge of these conditions. Abnormalities of the thyroid can be associated with abnormalities of thyroid function (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism) and/or can be associated with symmetrical or asymmetrical enlargement of the gland. PMID:24931349

Ledbetter, Daniel J

2014-04-01

207

Schistosomiasis in German children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on schistosomiasis in children growing up in Europe are rare despite increased travel activity. We report on eight\\u000a male and three female German children aged 50 months to 15 years with schistosomiasis. Six children were asymptomatic, whereas\\u000a two presented with typical signs of Katayama fever. Persisting haematuria, headache with eosinophilia and pyelonephritis were\\u000a observed in one child each. An

Ralf Bialek; Jürgen Knobloch

2000-01-01

208

Children and Dietary Supplements  

MedlinePLUS

... Migraine Headaches in Children and Adolescents (Journal of Pediatric Health Care) Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma ( NHLBI ) Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy (Journal ...

209

Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... search for cures while improving diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for children affected by cardiomyopathy. CCF actively works with federal agencies, medical societies, voluntary health organizations, ...

210

Cutaneous tuberculosis in children.  

PubMed

Cutaneous tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis that accounts for 1% to 2% of cases. Childhood skin tuberculosis represents 18% to 82% of all cutaneous tuberculosis cases. Scrofuloderma and lupus vulgaris are the two most common clinical forms in children. An increase in the number of tuberculids, especially lichen scrofulosorum, has been observed in the last several years. Cutaneous tuberculosis in children can be severe and have a protracted course. Multiplicity of lesions and multifocal disseminated involvement in scrofuloderma and lupus vulgaris is common. Scrofuloderma progressing to gummatous lesions (scrofulous gumma) is mostly described in children. Morbidities and deformities are more severe in children. PMID:23173930

Sethuraman, Gomathy; Ramesh, Venkatesh

2013-01-01

211

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

212

Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Vietnam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of a Vietnamese program to include children with disabilities in preschools found it had a positive effect on the lives of the children and increased community awareness of issues related to children with disabilities. The need for in-depth teacher training and implementation of individualized education services is discussed.…

Ryan, Susan; Weills, Cynthia

2002-01-01

213

Children in the States Data Book, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book from the Children's Defense Fund includes statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (number of children under age 18 and age 6, number of…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

214

Chinese Children's Attitudes Toward Mental Retardation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aimed to: (1) examine Chinese children's attitudes toward mental retardation, (2) investigate cross-cultural similarities or differences in these attitudes, and (3) extend the use of Western-attitude questionnaires to Chinese samples. The present study included 489 Chinese children (265 boys and 224 girls), aged from 4 to 15 years. Results showed that Chinese children demonstrated favorable attitudes toward

Catherine So-kum Tang; Cindy Davis; Anize Wu; Christopher Oliver

2000-01-01

215

Favorite activities for deaf-blind children  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known to be very difficult for congenital deaf-blind children to acquire suitable communication methods and concepts of things and events, thus to construct human relationships. We conducted a survey to find clues to assist early deaf-blind children and here we report interesting findings. Activities that attract the children surveyed included plays in the water, such as water bathing,

Emi Kono; Koichi Oda

2005-01-01

216

Children's Witnessing of Adult Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social service professionals are more frequently identifying children who witness adult domestic violence as victims of that abuse. This article expands common definitions of how children witness adult domestic violence. A total of 31 research articles that met established quality criteria were included in this review. A variety of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-functioning problems among children were found to be

JEFFREY L. EDLESON

1999-01-01

217

Story Structures in Children's Book Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to discover the components of books that children prefer over and above those children's books that adults critically acclaim. Forty intermediate-level fiction books included in the "Children's Choices" listings for 1978 to 1980 were read by three adult researchers and classified according to A. Applebee's taxonomy of story…

Sebesta, Sam L.; And Others

218

Metamemory Development in Preschool Children with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An aspect of metacognition, metamemory (knowledge and awareness of one's memory) was investigated across time in preschool children with ADHD (n = 31) and a sample of age, sex, socioeconomic and IQ-matched typically developing children (n = 31). Only children with stable ADHD diagnoses were included. Participants were assessed on a variety of…

Antshel, Kevin M.; Nastasi, Robert

2008-01-01

219

Take Our Children to Work Day  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hundreds of children participated in the annual Take Our Children to Work Day at Stennis Space Center on July 29. During the day, children of Stennis employees received a tour of facilities and took part in various activities, including demonstrations in cryogenics and robotics.

2008-01-01

220

Families, Managed Care, & Children's Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of a bulletin on family support and children's mental health focuses on managed care and the impact on children who are in need of mental health services. Articles include: "Private Sector Managed Care and Children's Mental Health" (Ira S. Lourie and others); "Just What Is Managed Care?" (Chris Koyanagi); "Managed Behavioral…

McManus, Marilyn C., Ed.

1996-01-01

221

Recognising respiratory tract infections in children.  

PubMed

Respiratory tract infections are common in children and diagnosis is usually made from the history and presenting symptoms, which can include cough, wheeze and fever, among others. Community practitioners assessing children with respiratory tract infections should always consider symptoms and associated risk factors, such as prematurity and congenital heart disease, as these children will benefit from early referral and specialist management. Community practitioners have a role to play in encouraging uptake of immunisation for children and smoking cessation in parents. PMID:24597063

Paul, Siba Prosad; Fisher, Matthew

2014-01-01

222

Musculoskeletal consequences in overweight and obese children  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: The obesity epidemic in children is spreading at alarming rates. Because musculoskeletal problems can influence physical activity, we compared the frequency of musculoskeletal problems in overweight and obese children with that in normal-weight children. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional database and face-to-face interview study that included 2,459 children aged 2 to 17 years from Dutch family practices. We collected

M. Krul; J. C. van der Wouden; F. G. Schellevis; L. W. A. Suijlekom-Smit; B. W. Koes

2009-01-01

223

Musculoskeletal problems in overweight and obese children  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: The obesity epidemic in children is spreading at alarming rates. Because musculoskeletal problems can influence physical activity, we compared the frequency of musculoskeletal problems in overweight and obese children with that in normal-weight children. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional database and face-to-face interview study that included 2,459 children aged 2 to 17 years from Dutch family practices. We collected

M. Krul; Wouden van der J; F. G. Schellevis; Suijlekom-Smit van LW; B. W. Koes

2009-01-01

224

Children's literature: the death experience.  

PubMed

Children learn about death and dying through a variety of social, psychologic, and intellectual experiences. A review of 25 children's books provides insight into themes, values, and beliefs children learn about death through reading. PMID:8446475

Bowden, V R

1993-01-01

225

Television and Children: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines major issues and problems for research on television and its effects on children through a critical discussion of Cullingford's book, "Children and Television," which focuses on ways in which children learn and what they learn from television. (MBR)

Hart, Andrew

1986-01-01

226

PTSD in Children and Teens  

MedlinePLUS

... Enter ZIP code here PTSD in Children and Teens PTSD in Children and Teens This fact sheet provides an overview of how ... gun to school after seeing a school shooting. Teens (ages 12-18) Teens are in between children ...

227

Children's Wisconsin  

Cancer.gov

Although these are primarily clinical positions, opportunities for research and teaching exist. Positions require a Ph.D or PsyD in clinical child psychology (including an APA accredited internship) and a Wisconsin license (or eligibility). Specialized training in Child Clinical Psychology required.

228

Getting Rid of Children's Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

As critics, we need to change how we look at children’s literature. When children’s books hit the headlines because of their popularity—such as Roald Dahl and Enid Blyton books or, more recently, J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series—the same questions always come up: are they really for children, are they good for children, how do we evaluate such books, why

Katharine Jones

2006-01-01

229

Clinical trials in children.  

PubMed

The imperative to undertake randomised trials in children arises from extraordinary advances in basic biomedical sciences, needing a matching commitment to translational research if child health is to reap the benefits from this new knowledge. Unfortunately, many prescribed treatments for children have not been adequately tested in children, sometimes resulting in harmful treatments being given and beneficial treatments being withheld. Government, industry, funding agencies, and clinicians are responsible for research priorities being adult-focused because of the greater burden of disease in adults, coupled with financial and marketing considerations. This bias has meant that the equal rights of children to participate in trials has not always been recognised. This is changing, however, as the need for clinical trials in children has been increasingly recognised by the scientific community and broader public, leading to new legislation in some countries making trials of interventions mandatory in children as well as adults before drug approval is given. Trials in children are more challenging than those in adults. The pool of eligible children entering trials is often small because many conditions are uncommon in children, and the threshold for gaining consent is often higher and more complex because parents have to make decisions about trial participation on behalf of their child. Uncertain about what is best, despite supporting the notion of trials in principle, parents and paediatricians generally opt for the new intervention or for standard care rather than trial participation. In this review, we explore issues relating to trial participation for children and suggest some strategies for improving the conduct of clinical trials involving children. PMID:15337409

Caldwell, Patrina H Y; Murphy, Sharon B; Butow, Phyllis N; Craig, Jonathan C

230

Effects of air pollution on children’s pulmonary health  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IntroductionMany reports regarding the effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health have appeared in the scientific literature. Some investigators found increases in persistent cough and phlegm, bronchitis, and early respiratory infections in communities with poor air quality. The purpose of this survey was to compare the pulmonary function of children living in urban area of Tirana city with children living in suburban area of the city. Material and methodsThis survey is carried out during 2004-2005 period on 238 children living in urban area and in 72 children living in suburban area, measuring dynamic pulmonary function. A questionnaire was used to collect data on sex, current respiratory symptoms, allergy diagnosed by the physician, parent education and smoking habit of parents, presence of animals, synthetic carpets and moulds in their houses. The selection of schools, and children included in this survey was done by randomized method. Also, we have measured and classic air pollutants. ResultsComparing the results of values of pulmonary function of two groups of children, we have shown that differences were significant ( p 0.001), whereas comparing symptoms were for cough ( p 0.011) and for phlegm ( p 0.032). The level of particulate matter (PM10) and total suspended matter (TSP) were over the recommended limit values, whereas the levels of other pollutants have resulted within recommended levels of World Health Organization (WHO) ConclusionsThe results of this survey suggest that air pollution is associated with respiratory health of children causing a slight decrease in values of pulmonary function in children of urban area compared with those of suburban area.

Tabaku, Afrim; Bejtja, Gazmend; Bala, Silvana; Toci, Ervin; Resuli, Jerina

2011-12-01

231

Indiscriminate Friendliness in Maltreated Foster Children  

PubMed Central

Indiscriminate friendliness is well documented in children adopted internationally following institutional rearing but is less studied in maltreated foster children. Precursors and correlates of indiscriminate friendliness were examined in 93 preschool-aged maltreated children residing in foster care and 60 age-matched, nonmaltreated children living with their biological parents. Measures included parent reports, official case record data, and standardized laboratory assessments. Foster children exhibited higher levels of indiscriminate friendliness than nonmaltreated children. Inhibitory control was negatively associated with indiscriminate friendliness even after controlling for age and general cognitive ability. Additionally, the foster children who had experienced a greater number of foster caregivers had poorer inhibitory control, which was in turn associated with greater indiscriminate friendliness. The results indicate a greater prevalence of indiscriminate friendliness among foster children and suggest that indiscriminate friendliness is part of a larger pattern of dysregulation associated with inconsistency in caregiving.

Pears, Katherine C.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Fisher, Philip A.; Kim, Hyoun K.

2009-01-01

232

Research in children.  

PubMed

The importance of medical research to the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases is well recognized. The use of human subjects, however, presents complex legal and ethical challenges for the scientific community and for society. The history of research performed on children reveals an especially vulnerable population needing special protection against violation of individual rights and exposure to undue risk. The development of guidelines and policies to protect children as research subjects is reviewed. Special focus is given to the present federal regulations that are intended to provide an ethical context for the performance of pediatric research, including the distinction between therapeutic and nontherapeutic studies. In part, these guidelines represent a return of the pendulum to a more moderate position, after an era of restrictive regulations in reaction to past abuses of children as research subjects. As a result, federal and professional initiatives are bringing renewed focus on the need for rigorous study of childhood development and disease within an appropriate ethical framework. PMID:12626958

Burns, Jeffrey P

2003-03-01

233

Urban poor children  

PubMed Central

One-half of the world’s population lives in cities and towns; this is expected to increase to 70% by 2050. One in three urban dwellers lives in slums. As the urban population grows, so does the number of urban poor. Out of a billion children living in urban areas, approximately 300 million are suffering from exclusion or are at risk of exclusion. Urban poor children are devoid of basic rights of survival, development and protection and are marginalised in challenging conditions in overcrowded settlements. Rapid urbanisation and the consequent increase in urban population is one of the biggest challenges that developing countries, including India are facing. Thirty per cent (that is, 367.5 million) of India’s population of 1.23 billion live in urban areas. Moreover, this figure is increasing rapidly and is expected to reach 432 million (40%) by 2021. Rapid urbanisation has unfortunately outpaced development, and a large proportion (43 million) live in substandard conditions in slums. Now is the time to pay attention to the basic rights of the urban poor, especially the urban poor children, the most vulnerable group at the launching of 12th Five-Year Plan & National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) in India.

Gaur, Ajay; Gupta, Richa; Patel, GS

2013-01-01

234

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2004-07-01

235

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2006-07-01

236

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2011-07-01

237

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2007-07-01

238

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2005-07-01

239

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2012-07-01

240

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...single general intelligence quotient...current level of academic functioning, to include general intelligence. b. Visual...Social and emotional status, to...child's current academic progress, including...or child's performance, behavior...available to students without...

2008-07-01

241

How Safe Are Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debates whether children are more susceptible to asbestos-related disease than adults. Addresses the issue of low-level exposure and disease. Discusses the regulatory measures taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Congress to protect children from the potential threat of asbestos exposure. (CW)

Benke, Mary Schaefer

1988-01-01

242

Mandate for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of several reports on the status of children conducted for the National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions, this document is based on data obtained from 5,274 telephone interviews of registered voters conducted in 7 states and the District of Columbia during February, 1992. It reports voter opinion on issues affecting…

National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions, Alexandria, VA.

243

Teaching Children to Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is proof that caring can be taught and, that it can be programmed into the curriculum, with teacher training and administrative support, on a structured daily basis. Teaching children to care and raising the "CQ" or "Caring Quality" belongs in all education. Teaching children to care involves a number of techniques. These can be classified…

Kobak, Dorothy

244

Anterior uveitis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this prospective study of childhood uveitis, 75 children with anterior uveitis were analyzed to determine whether a relationship could be found between the occurrence of uveitis, its clinical features, and humoral immunity to retinal S-antigen. For the purposes of analysis, children were divided into acute (18 cases) and chronic (57 cases) categories, depending on the duration of ocular inflammation.

Risto J. Uusitalo; Hannu Uusitalo; Kaj Mahlberg

1991-01-01

245

Recognising psoriasis in children.  

PubMed

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition, which can affect children and young people at any age. This article will provide a basic overview of the condition and describe those types common to children. Treatments and general nursing management will be discussed. PMID:22779396

Turnbull, Rosemary

2012-06-01

246

Strike Laws, Not Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, a coalition of child advocacy groups, the Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth, and the Law, challenged Section 43 of Canada's criminal code, which permits "reasonable force" in disciplining children. The heavily debated issue turns on judges' varied interpretations. A court decision is expected by year's end. (MLH)

Robertson, Heather-Jane

2000-01-01

247

The Children's Advertising Battle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of relevant issues surround the arguments of both opponents and proponents of the Federal Trade Commission's proposals to ban or control certain advertising during children's television programs. Groups against regulatory action point out that parents, not children, are the consumers and have a right to free choice in their purchases.…

MacKie, Alexander

248

[Canadian Children's Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a report delivered at a special meeting held in Tehran on the situation of children's books published in Canada. The report focuses specifically on work with children's literature within the two dominant cultures, French and English, and also discusses literary efforts and publications of native Indians and Eskimos. (JM)

Stieda-Levasseur, Sieglinde

249

Children as Art Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of art learning is always independence, for everyone to become their own art teacher. Teaching for artistic independence can never start too early. As art teachers, children acquire confidence in their art, and in coming to school as artists. Children should be considered artists in residence and visiting artists in schools. It makes sense…

Szekely, George

2011-01-01

250

Problems of Indian Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous approaches to the learning problems of American Indian children are viewed as inadequate. An alternative is suggested which emphasizes the problem solution strategies which these children bring to the school situation. Solutions were analyzed in terms of: (1) their probability; (2) their efficiency at permitting a present problem to be…

Linton, Marigold

251

Colorado Children's Budget 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Children's Budget 2010" is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested in better understanding how Colorado funds children's programs and services. It attempts to clarify often confusing budget information and describe where the state's investment trends are and where those trends will lead the state if…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2010

2010-01-01

252

Repairing Children's Teeth  

MedlinePLUS

... steel crown. Some dentists also are now using zirconia crowns (which are tooth colored). Either of these types of crowns can be placed in a single visit. Adult crowns usually require two visits. More about Repairing Children's Teeth Managing Anxiety in Children Types of Fillings Used ...

253

Children and Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities and teaching methods for involving children (especially young children) in literature are presented in order to establish positive attitudes towards reading. Ideas are provided for use with wordless books, patterned or repetitive books, books organized around a theme, and picture books. The activities, each related to specific…

Sampson, Delores

1983-01-01

254

Urinary Incontinence in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... asleep. Nighttime UI has also been associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), OSA, and anxiety. Children also may inherit genes ... can appear as a constant dribbling of urine. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Children with ADHD are three times more likely ...

255

CHILDREN'S HEALTH MONTH 2006  

EPA Science Inventory

Protecting the health of children from environmental risks is fundamental to the mission of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As a part of the Agency's efforts to address children's health issues, EPA's Office of Research and Development, a leader in the area of hum...

256

Lead Poisoning in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Catalogued is the diversity of lead contaminated sources which, only recently, have been acknowledged as the principal producers of devastating toxic effects, particularly among children, despite only low-level exposure to these sources. A multifaceted approach in the effort to correct this serious health hazard to children is presented. (JJK)

Martin, Danny

1991-01-01

257

Suffer the little children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This year, and for many years in the past and many years in the future, some 14 million of the world's children will die before the age of 5. A very large proportion of these deaths is preventable. Three million children die of dehydration due to diarrhea and another 3 million die of preventable infectious diseases. Others starve or die

George W. Albee

1990-01-01

258

Children of Disrupted Families  

PubMed Central

While some children cope well with divorce, children of divorced parents are at increased risk for suicide, low self-esteem, affective disorders, and general distress. Useful intervention from the family physician usually begins with educating parents about what to expect and about the importance of open communication, co-operation between parents, and consistent discipline.

Robson, Bonnie E.

1991-01-01

259

Raising Children Who Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents excerpt from Kohn's 1990 book, asserting that parents are most important to children and need to project a positive view of life. Argues that caring, the absence of physical punishment, guiding and explaining, cooperating, and taking children seriously are required to offset the pressure and negative values that a competitive culture…

Kohn, Alfie

2000-01-01

260

Reducing Poverty among Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the highest poverty rate among children since the 1960s, this report examines existing Federal policies to assist poor families with children and analyzes over 40 policy alternatives. Chapter 1 discusses how poverty is measured, recent trends and current patterns of childhood poverty as officially measured, and the effects of using…

Current Population Reports, 1985

1985-01-01

261

Violence and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools must increasingly deal with children who brandish weapons and exhibit antisocial or violent behavior. Psychologists agree that young children are very susceptible to violence and that stored violent images can warp their interpretation of reality. To combat youth violence, many schools have adopted antiviolence curricula and conflict…

Sauerwein, Kristina

1995-01-01

262

Children of the Intifada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a picture of the unrest in Israel and its surrounding areas as seen through the children's eyes who have grown up during the uprising. Interviews five children whose experiences are different due to the fact that they are either Palestinians in Israel, Palestinians outside of Israel or Israeli. (JS)

Fields, Rona M.

1989-01-01

263

Children's Attention to Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes a series of studies investigating the nature of children's attention to television. In a study of distraction, children's visual attention was found to be affected by distractions in the environment, by the nature of the program and by the viewer's own patterns of attending. A study of the general patterns of attention to…

Anderson, Daniel R.

264

CHILDREN AND POVERTY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THREE MAJOR QUESTIONS ARE RAISED--(1) WHAT IS MEANT BY POVERTY AND TO WHAT EXTENT DOES THE OVERALL AMOUNT OF POVERTY DEPEND ON THE SORT OF MEASURING ROD USED. (2) HOW MANY AND WHAT PROPORTION OF THE NATION'S CHILDREN ARE GROWING UP IN POVERTY. AND (3) WHERE, GEOGRAPHICALLY AND SOCIALLY, ARE THESE CHILDREN OF THE POOR TO BE FOUND. POVERTY IS…

WITMER, HELEN L.

265

Children's Environmental Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explores why and how children are more sensitive and susceptible to environmental pollutants than adults. It features information about causes of asthma and birth defects, the effects of heavy metals, and the environmental health and safety of schools. It also provides links to resources and organizations related to children's environmental health, current news and related resources.

Responsibility, Physicians F.; Envirohealthaction

266

Culture and Children's Cosmology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, we examined children's knowledge of cosmology in relation to the shape of the earth and the day-night cycle. Using explicit questioning involving a choice of alternative answers and 3D models, we carried out a comparison of children aged 4-9 years living in Australia and England. Though Australia and England have a close…

Siegal, Michael; Butterworth, George; Newcombe, Peter A.

2004-01-01

267

Assessing Children's Career Aspirations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past several years, "Science and Children" has invited preservice and inservice teachers to participate in national studies of students' ideas about scientists (Barman 1997), animals (Barman et al. 2000), and plants (Barman et al. 2003). You are invited to participate in an additional study that will examine children's career aspirations.…

Plummer, Donna M.

2008-01-01

268

Repeated Infections in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... cause of an infection, such as being in day-care centers. Children in day-care centers give infections to each other. They drool ... winter, you could move your child out of day care, where so many other children would have colds. ...

269

Constipation in children.  

PubMed

Essential facts Up to 30 per cent of children and young people suffer from constipation, which can have a significant emotional impact on them and their families. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) says many children and young people experience social, psychological and educational consequences. Constipation is called idiopathic if it cannot be explained by anatomical or physiological abnormalities. PMID:24916236

2014-06-11

270

Colorado Children's Budget 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Colorado Children's Budget 2012" examines the state's commitment to investing in the well-being of children. It tallies up Colorado's actual and planned investment during the past five years (Fiscal Year (FY) 2008-2009 through FY 2012-2013) on programs and services in four areas: Early Childhood Learning and Development, K-12 Education,…

Buck, Beverly; Cuciti, Peggy L.; Baker, Robin

2012-01-01

271

Children's Association Frequency Tables  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary object of the present investigation is to make a comparative study of the mental associations of children and adults. It is a study in group psychology, one group being that of children and the other that of adults. The study is made by means of association frequency tables. We have compiled such tables from the responses of one

Herbert Woodrow; Frances Lowell

1916-01-01

272

Children of the Heartland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the destruction caused by the Oklahoma City bombing and recounts the reaction of a second-grade class in Oklahoma. Describes class discussions of the bombing and how children found various ways to ask questions and express their feelings about the incident. Provides tips for teachers to help children who are going through trauma. (MOK)

Castle, Kathryn; And Others

1996-01-01

273

Curing Children's Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story: Leukemia/Lymphoma Curing Children's Cancer Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of Contents ... transplants a blunt, toxic tool for fragile young children. "They represent ... high-risk leukemias, like Madelen's. But developments have not been fast ...

274

Seeing Children's Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of toddlers was offered long, colorful, translucent tubes to enjoy and explore. As always, they amazed adults with the many ideas they used to investigate and learn with them. The tubes are long and the children marveled at how they could easily lift these objects up taller than their bodies. At the center of the children's explorations…

Curtis, Deb

2012-01-01

275

Teaching Our Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some of the major concerns associated with the instructional process of our homeless children. The reader is provided with a brief overview of the prevalence of this population. According to the National Center on Family Homelessness the number of school children who are homeless is growing rapidly with 1.4 to 1.5 million…

Sheldon, George H.

2011-01-01

276

Children As People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 35-minute, black and white, 16mm, sound film was made at the Fayerweather Street School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and narrated by John Holt. It is designed to show what happens in a school in which children are free to move about, to talk, and to plan and direct their own work. The film shows children of different ages engaged in…

Fiering, Alvin; And Others

277

The Shadow Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of crack during pregnancy is producing tens of thousands of blameless children each year who, by biology and environment, are impaired. Describes the effects of crack on children and what can be done for crack-smoking mothers-to-be. Offers suggestions to school boards for providing a structured supportive learning environment for these…

Rist, Marilee C.

1990-01-01

278

Aplauso! Hispanic Children's Theater.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains eight children's plays in English, Spanish, and bilingual formats. Intended participants and audiences range from preschool children to young adults; most scripts encourage audience participation. Most authors are Americans of Latin American descent or birth, and characters in the plays come from Mexican, Puerto Rican, and…

Rosenberg, Joe, Ed.

279

Bipolar Disorder in Children  

PubMed Central

Although bipolar disorder historically was thought to only occur rarely in children and adolescents, there has been a significant increase in children and adolescents who are receiving this diagnosis more recently (Carlson, 2005). Nonetheless, the applicability of the current bipolar disorder diagnostic criteria for children, particularly preschool children, remains unclear, even though much work has been focused on this area. As a result, more work needs to be done to further the understanding of bipolar symptoms in children. It is hoped that this paper can assist psychologists and other health service providers in gleaning a snapshot of the literature in this area so that they can gain an understanding of the diagnostic criteria and other behaviors that may be relevant and be informed about potential approaches for assessment and treatment with children who meet bipolar disorder criteria. First, the history of bipolar symptoms and current diagnostic criteria will be discussed. Next, assessment strategies that may prove helpful for identifying bipolar disorder will be discussed. Then, treatments that may have relevance to children and their families will be discussed. Finally, conclusions regarding work with children who may have a bipolar disorder diagnosis will be offered.

2014-01-01

280

Literature and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles about children's literature contains the following articles: "Books in the Life of the Young Child" and "Traditional Literature: Children's Legacy" by Bernice E. Cullinan, "Encouraging Language Growth" by John Warren Stewig, "Promoting Language and Concept Development" by Dorothy S. Strickland, "Fostering Understanding…

Cullinan, Bernice E., Ed.; Carmichael, Carolyn W., Ed.

281

Colorado Children's Budget 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Colorado Children's Budget 2011" tallies up Colorado's public investments during FY 2007-08 through FY 2011-12 for programs and services that enhance the well-being of children across four domains--Early Childhood, K-12 Education, Health, and Other Supports. It is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2011

2011-01-01

282

Efficient Investment in Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many would say that children are societys most precious resource. So, how should it invest in them. To gain insight into this question, a dynamic general equilibrium model is developed where children differ by ability. Parents invest time and money in the...

S. R. Aiyagari J. Greenwood A. Seshadri

1999-01-01

283

Interaction and Children's Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interprets and contrasts children's mathematical interaction from the points of view of radical constructivism and of Soviet activity theory. Proposes a superseding model based on the interrelations between the basic sequence of actions and perturbation and the interaction of constructs. Supports the model by describing how children used…

Steffe, Leslie P.; Tzur, Ron

1994-01-01

284

Parents, Children, and Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on Soviet parents' responses to a 1986 survey concerning parental influence on children and alcohol use. Points out that most parents perceive the link between their own alcohol use and children's drinking but cultural traditions and alcoholic habits often preclude change. Notes parents' opinions on effectiveness of governmental and school…

Levin, Boris Mikhailovich; Levin, Mikhail Borisovich

1990-01-01

285

The Kindness of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative details the responses of children and adults to a story about young children welcoming a boy with severe disabilities into their own story telling and re-enactment. Linking the act of story telling to the practice of the Hasidim, who would teach people to think about goodness by telling stories about holy men performing good works,…

Paley, Vivian Gussin

286

World of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin takes a broad view of children in history, their current problems and needs throughout the world, and directions to be taken for fulfilling those needs. The world population of children under age 15 is projected to increase by 500 million to 1.9 billion in the year 2000. Despite the bonds created by global communications, large…

McHale, Magda Cordell; And Others

1979-01-01

287

St. Louis Children's Hospital  

Cancer.gov

The Psychology Department of St. Louis Children’s Hospital at Washington University Medical Center is pleased to announce 2 Postdoctoral Fellowship positions in Pediatric Psychology beginning September 2014. With a balance of in-depth and broad based training experiences, this one-year program will prepare fellows to work independently in the practice of pediatric psychology.

288

Children's Hospital Los Angeles  

Cancer.gov

The Pediatric Psychology Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) consists of outpatient and inpatient hospital-based services that provide therapeutic support and intervention to children and families. The pediatric psychology postdoctoral fellows will participate in varied clinical activities with child and adolescent patients and their families.

289

Children and Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume documents the rise in violence in our communities and explores its impact on children's physical, psychological, and social development. Focal themes are: the necessity for better information about the kinds of violence to which children are exposed, the necessity of beginning to build intervention strategies aimed at violence, and the…

Reiss, David, Ed.; And Others

290

Children's Books: Current Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major trend in children's literature is the growing academic recognition of the field--indicated by the large number of new texts that have been published since 1975. Scholarly periodicals in the field have likewise grown since the 1970s. Library science, elementary education and English literature have fostered the development of children's…

Nist, Joan Stidham

291

Teaching Poetry for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many prospective language arts teachers are unsure of what poetry really is. While it is impossible to present them with a definitive statement about the nature of poetry, they can be given a workable outline of the attributes of poetry to help them teach poetry to children. Rhythmic patterns can be emphasized to enhance children's enjoyment of…

Nist, Joan Stidham

292

Children's theories of motivation.  

PubMed

To investigate children's theories of motivation, we asked 166 children (8-12 years of age) to rate the effect of various motivational strategies on task interest, over the short and long terms, in activities described as appealing or unappealing. Children viewed the rewards strategy as resulting in greatest interest except when implemented over the long term for appealing activities. Individual difference analyses revealed that some children held operant theories of motivation, in which rewards were central, and others held hybrid theories, in which rewards were key, but some allowance was made for interest to be self-sustaining in the absence of inducements. Children's theories predicted their academic self-regulation. Their theories are discussed relative to an expert theory of motivation. PMID:21513944

Gurland, Suzanne T; Glowacky, Victoria C

2011-09-01

293

Children's Effortful Control and Academic Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the relations among children’s effortful control, school liking, and academic competence with a sample of 240 7- to 12-year-old children. Parents and children reported on effortful control, and teachers and children assessed school liking. Children, parents, and teachers reported on children’s academic competence. Significant positive correlations existed between children’s effortful control, school liking, and academic competence. Consistent with

Carlos Valiente; Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant; Kimberly S. Castro

2007-01-01

294

Children and Adults Reading Children's Literature: A Comparison of Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined similarities and differences between adults' and children's responses to the same children's book, and the role of discussion in shaping adults' perceptions about the book and their understanding of children's responses. Subjects, 129 students in five university children's literature classes, read and responded in writing to…

Lehman, Barbara A.; Scharer, Patricia L.

295

EXPRESSIONS OF CHILDREN’S GRIEF: A QUALITATIVE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to explore the use of guided imagery as a tool to facilitate the expression of children’s grief. The children in the study were participating in open-ended, age specific, grief groups. Nine children participated in pre and post drawings. The Rosebush drawing itself and the feelings engendered by drawing appeared to be the most

Hilda R. Glazer

1998-01-01

296

Small watercraft injuries in children.  

PubMed

The speed and use of small watercraft have increased dramatically in recent years. We report our experience with pediatric trauma resulting from small watercraft accidents. We conducted a retrospective chart review including all children admitted with injuries sustained in small watercraft accidents. Sixteen children were included; nine were injured in jet ski accidents and seven in accidents involving other craft. Jet ski accidents tended to result in more serious injuries (closed-head injuries, hollow and solid viscus injuries, chest trauma, spinal injuries leading to paralysis, and death) than those sustained in accidents with small boats. Skin and soft-tissue injuries and long-bone fractures were the most frequent injuries following accidents with other small boats. Six of eight children (75%) injured on jet skis required operative interventions. Only three of seven (43%) children in other watercraft accidents required surgery (P < 0.05 jet ski vs other watercraft). When compared with children injured in accidents involving small boats those involved in jet ski accidents tended to have more serious injuries and require operative intervention more frequently. A high index of suspicion for serious injuries must be maintained when evaluating children with this mechanism of injury. PMID:12079135

Beierle, Elizabeth A; Chen, Mike K; Langham, Max R; Kays, David W; Talbert, James L

2002-06-01

297

How do only children differ from other children?  

PubMed

Developmental outcomes of only and non-only children, categorized by birth order and by family size, were investigated. Multiple hypotheses based on meta-analyses of the only-child literature (Falbo & Polit, 1986) were tested with independent comparison techniques. Results indicated that developmental outcomes of only children were similar to outcomes for firstborns and children from two-child families but dissimilar to outcomes for later borns and children from larger families. Furthermore, outcomes were more positive for only children, firstborns, and children from two-child families than for all other comparison groups. In agreement with Falbo and Polit, only-child deprivation and only-child uniqueness explanations for outcome differences were not supported in favor of an explanation that emphasizes qualities of the parent-child relationship. Results suggest that future comparisons to only-child outcomes should preserve the independence of contrast results and expand the only-child category to include data from firstborns and others from two-child families. PMID:2388055

Mellor, S

1990-06-01

298

Children's Sleep Comic: development of a new diagnostic tool for children with sleep disorders  

PubMed Central

Background A solid diagnosis of sleep disorders in children should include both self-ratings and parent ratings. However, there are few standardized self-assessment instruments to meet this need. The Children’s Sleep Comic is an adapted version of the unpublished German questionnaire “Freiburger Kinderschlafcomic” and provides pictures for items and responses. Because the drawings were outdated and allowed only for qualitative analysis, we revised the comic, tested its applicability in a target sample, and suggest a procedure for quantitative analysis. Methods All items were updated and pictures were newly drawn. We used a sample of 201 children aged 5–10 years to test the applicability of the Children’s Sleep Comic in young children and to run a preliminary analysis. Results The Children’s Sleep Comic comprises 37 items covering relevant aspects of sleep disorders in children. Application took on average 30 minutes. The procedure was well accepted by the children, as reflected by the absence of any dropouts. First comparisons with established questionnaires indicated moderate correlations. Conclusion The Children’s Sleep Comic is appropriate for screening sleep behavior and sleep problems in children. The interactive procedure can foster a good relationship between the investigator and the child, and thus establish the basis for successful intervention if necessary.

Schwerdtle, Barbara; Kanis, Julia; Kahl, Lena; Kubler, Andrea; Schlarb, Angelika A

2012-01-01

299

Campaign for Our Children  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Campaign For Our Children was incorporated in November, 1987, as a not-for-profit organization to "organize, manage and conduct programs designed to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancies in Maryland..." Topics available on their web site include: adolescent pregnancy news flashes, teacher and parent resources, an "ask the expert" page, and chat pages where teachers and parents can discuss issues and strategies. The Teen Pregnancy Clock displays up-to-the-minute estimates of how many teen pregnancies and births have occurred this year. Users can preview and order CFOC materials directly from the web site. Several of the television and radio spots are available for display within a web browser.

300

Environmental Design for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special issue of the journal, Children in Contemporary Society, contains 17 brief articles on environmental design for young handicapped and normal children. Articles have the following titles: "Introduction", "Environmental Design and Architecture", "Why Is Environmental Design Important to Young Children", "Children's Hospital National…

Frank, Mary, Ed.

1977-01-01

301

Seeing Children's Pleasure with Food  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's relationship with food in early childhood programs is often a complex topic. Families have concerns about "picky eaters" and teachers feel pressure to make sure that children eat enough while in their care. Children bring snacks that teachers describe as junk food and believe this negatively impacts children's behavior. Foods marketed…

Curtis, Deb

2010-01-01

302

Shyness and Popularity: Children's Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated whether an association exists between quietness in children and rejection of these children by their peers. Collected data from 1,529 children in grades three through 12. Found a strong tendency on the part of children to reject shy or quiet peers. (PD)

Richmond, Virginia P.; And Others

1985-01-01

303

Powerful Portfolios for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of portfolio assessment is a valuable tool for teachers to use with young children to better understand how young children develop and learn. An intentional data collection and documentation system becomes a very powerful assessment tool, one that is authentic and based on children's capabilities and strengths. Children, educators,…

Seitz, Hilary; Bartholomew, Carol

2008-01-01

304

Sleep patterns among ADHD children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews seminal parent survey and polysomnogram research related to sleep patterns of children with ADHD. Although polysomnogram studies have shown no consistent, significant differences between the sleep patterns of medication-free children with and without ADHD, parents have consistently reported that children with ADHD have greater sleep difficulty than other children. Despite widespread clinician caution about insomnia side effects

Beverly Koloian

1995-01-01

305

Children's Explanations of Family Resemblances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four studies investigated children's explanations for family resemblance and species-typical characteristics, under different conditions of biological parentage and rearing environment. Participating were 226 children between 3 and 11 years. Children Children were presented with a number of different tasks, some involving people and some domestic…

Horobin, Karen D.

306

Foster Care Children with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year the number of children who enter the foster care system grows because the number of children who are vulnerable to abuse, neglect and\\/or poverty grows. Children with disabilities are a particularly vulnerable subset of this already vulnerable population. What are the implications of conceptual and methodological issues in theories of disability for estimates of children with disabilities in

Jacqueline Marie Smith

2003-01-01

307

Coping With Stress in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unique stressors can prompt child adjustment difficulties. Coping strategies and emotion regulation that impact the adjustment of children in general and military family children were investigated. Eighty children, 36 with deployed parents, their parents and teachers participated. All experienced stress related to hurricane Katrina. Correlational analyses indicate that children with more hurricane-related losses or moves, use some coping strategies less

Tolonda Age

2006-01-01

308

Children and war.  

PubMed

Children bear disproportionate consequences of armed conflict. The 21st century continues to see patterns of children enmeshed in international violence between opposing combatant forces, as victims of terrorist warfare, and, perhaps most tragically of all, as victims of civil wars. Innocent children so often are the victims of high-energy wounding from military ordinance. They sustain high-energy tissue damage and massive burns - injuries that are not commonly seen in civilian populations. Children have also been deliberately targeted victims in genocidal civil wars in Africa in the past decade, and hundreds of thousands have been killed and maimed in the context of close-quarter, hand-to-hand assaults of great ferocity. Paediatricians serve as uniformed military surgeons and as civilian doctors in both international and civil wars, and have a significant strategic role to play as advocates for the rights and welfare of children in the context of the evolving 'Laws of War'. One chronic legacy of contemporary warfare is blast injury to children from landmines. Such blasts leave children without feet or lower limbs, with genital injuries, blindness and deafness. This pattern of injury has become one of the post-civil war syndromes encountered by all intensivists and surgeons serving in four of the world's continents. The continued advocacy for the international ban on the manufacture, commerce and military use of antipersonnel landmines is a part of all paediatricians' obligation to promote the ethos of the Laws of War. Post-traumatic stress disorder remains an undertreated legacy of children who have been trapped in the shot and shell of battle as well as those displaced as refugees. An urgent, unfocused and unmet challenge has been the increase in, and plight of, child soldiers themselves. A new class of combatant comprises these children, who also become enmeshed in the triad of anarchic civil war, light-weight weaponry and drug or alcohol addiction. The International Criminal Court has outlawed as a War Crime, the conscription of children under 15 years of age. Nevertheless, there remain more than 300000 child soldiers active and enmeshed in psychopathic violence as part of both civil and international warfare. The typical profile of a child soldier is of a boy between the ages of 8 and 18 years, bonded into a group of armed peers, almost always an orphan, drug or alcohol addicted, amoral, merciless, illiterate and dangerous. Paediatricians have much to do to protect such war-enmeshed children, irrespective of the accident of their place of birth. Only by such vigorous and maintained advocacy can the world's children be better protected from the scourge of future wars. PMID:12654137

Pearn, J

2003-04-01

309

Trichotillomania in children.  

PubMed

In this paper, we describe the sociodemographic profile, clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of 20 children with trichotillomania. These children presented to the Child Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic over a period of 6 years, with a prevalence of 1.24% . Most subjects were females (85%), hindu by religion (65%), and belonged to urban nuclear family (70%). The mean age at first presentation was 10.1 yr (SD = 4.4). Comorbid psychiatric illness and family history of psychiatric disorders was present in 40% and 20% cases, respectively. Nearly two-third of these had associated impulse; 75% denied resistance to pluck. Children who continued treatment, showed improvement. PMID:18515931

Malhotra, Savita; Grover, Sandeep; Baweja, Raman; Bhateja, Gaurav

2008-05-01

310

National TEEM Outreach: Successfully Including Young Children in Kindergarten and Subsequent General Education Classrooms. Final Report, October 1, 1998-Septemper 30, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes activities and accomplishments of National TEEM Outreach, a 3-year project designed to support the inclusion of young children with disabilities in kindergarten and subsequent general education classrooms in 12 school districts located in 5 states. The project focused on disseminating and replicating the previously…

Vermont Univ., Burlington. Center on Disability and Community Inclusion.

311

Children's Literature on Neutron Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Children's literature is simple discussion of complicated issues. Neutron stars are discussed in several children's books. Using libraries in Chicago, I will review children's books on neutron stars and compare the literature to literature from scientific discussions of neutron stars on sites like the Chandra site, Hubble Space Telescope site and NASA site. The result will be a discussion of problems and issues involved in discussion of neutron stars. Do children's books leave material out? Do children's books discuss recent observations? Do children's books discuss anything discredited or wrong? How many children's books are in resources like World Cat, the Library of Congress catalog, and the Chicago Public Library catalog? Could children's books be useful to present some of your findings or observations or projects? Children's books are useful for both children and scientist as they present simplified discussion of topics, although sometimes issues are simplified too much.

Struck, James

312

Addressing Passive Smoking in Children  

PubMed Central

Background A significant number of parents are unaware or unconvinced of the health consequences of passive smoking (PS) in children. Physicians could increase parental awareness by giving personal advice. Aim To evaluate the current practices of three Dutch health professions (paediatricians, youth health care physicians, and family physicians) regarding parental counselling for passive smoking (PS) in children. Methods All physicians (n?=?720) representing the three health professions in Limburg, the Netherlands, received an invitation to complete a self-administered electronic questionnaire including questions on their: sex, work experience, personal smoking habits, counselling practices and education regarding PS in children. Results The response rate was 34%. One tenth (11%) of the responding physicians always addressed PS in children, 32% often, 54% occasionally and 4% reported to never attend to it. The three health professions appeared comparable regarding their frequency of parental counselling for PS in children. Addressing PS was more likely when children had respiratory problems. Lack of time was the most frequently mentioned barrier, being very and somewhat applicable for respectively 14% and 43% of the physicians. One fourth of the responders had received postgraduate education about PS. Additionally, 49% of the responders who did not have any education about PS were interested in receiving it. Conclusions Physicians working in the paediatric field in Limburg, the Netherlands, could more frequently address PS in children with parents. Lack of time appeared to be the most mentioned barrier and physicians were more likely to counsel parents for PS in children with respiratory complaints/diseases. Finally, a need for more education on parental counselling for PS was expressed.

Hutchinson, Sasha G.; Kuijlaars, Jennifer S.; Mesters, Ilse; Muris, Jean W. M.; van Schayck, Constant P.; Dompeling, Edward; Feron, Frans J. M.

2014-01-01

313

Self-Regulation during Pretend Play in Children with Intellectual Disability and in Normally Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the symbolic behavior and the self-regulation in dyads of children with intellectual disability and of normally developing children. Specifically, these processes were studied in link with the children's characteristics (mental age, linguistic level, individual pretend play level). The sample included 80 participants, 40…

Vieillevoye, Sandrine; Nader-Grosbois, Nathalie

2008-01-01

314

Agenda for Action: Policy Directions for Children with Disabilities and Families. Children and Family Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the development of a National Children's Agenda (NCA) to improve the well-being of Canada's children, this document presents specific policy goals to ensure the inclusion of children with disabilities and their families in the NCA. These goals include: (1) establishing inclusive values, rights and approaches for healthy child…

Bach, Michael

315

Gender-based violence against children in emergencies: Save the Children UK's response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence against children is a global phenomenon. During humanitarian crises, and armed conflict in particular, the potential for gender-based violence (GBV), including sexual exploitation, increases. Children, particularly adolescent girls, are vulnerable. This article traces the impact of an exposeof sexual abuse by humanitarian workers on the wider protection policies and practices of Save the Children UK. The article concludes that

Tina Hyder; Johanna Mac Veigh

2007-01-01

316

Nonoffending Parent Expectations of Sexually Abused Children: Predictive Factors and Influence on Children's Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of parental expectations on the functioning of sexually abused children. Participants included 67 sexually abused youth and 63 of their nonoffending primary caregivers. Parental expectations about how sexual abuse will impact children were predictive of parents' ratings of children's behavior at pretreatment,…

Kouyoumdjian, Haig; Perry, Andrea R.; Hansen, David J.

2009-01-01

317

Fostering Children and Young People with Learning Disabilities: The Perspectives of Birth Children and Carers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined specific impact on birth children of living in households fostering children with severe learning disabilities. Found that important issues include sharing activities, involvement in helping care, and the different ways in which boys and girls respond to the situation. Also compared adult caregivers' attitudes to children's attitudes…

Reed, Janet Ames

1997-01-01

318

How Children Learn To Write: Supporting and Developing Children's Writing in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book outlines the processes involved when children learn to write, and it shows how certain strategies can improve children's progress in writing. Dealing with the age range 3-13, the book addresses issues of the gender gap, children with English as an additional language, and left-handedness. It includes ideas for assessment of writing. It…

Latham, Dorothy

319

Pesticide exposure in children.  

PubMed

Pesticides are a collective term for a wide array of chemicals intended to kill unwanted insects, plants, molds, and rodents. Food, water, and treatment in the home, yard, and school are all potential sources of children's exposure. Exposures to pesticides may be overt or subacute, and effects range from acute to chronic toxicity. In 2008, pesticides were the ninth most common substance reported to poison control centers, and approximately 45% of all reports of pesticide poisoning were for children. Organophosphate and carbamate poisoning are perhaps the most widely known acute poisoning syndromes, can be diagnosed by depressed red blood cell cholinesterase levels, and have available antidotal therapy. However, numerous other pesticides that may cause acute toxicity, such as pyrethroid and neonicotinoid insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and rodenticides, also have specific toxic effects; recognition of these effects may help identify acute exposures. Evidence is increasingly emerging about chronic health implications from both acute and chronic exposure. A growing body of epidemiological evidence demonstrates associations between parental use of pesticides, particularly insecticides, with acute lymphocytic leukemia and brain tumors. Prenatal, household, and occupational exposures (maternal and paternal) appear to be the largest risks. Prospective cohort studies link early-life exposure to organophosphates and organochlorine pesticides (primarily DDT) with adverse effects on neurodevelopment and behavior. Among the findings associated with increased pesticide levels are poorer mental development by using the Bayley index and increased scores on measures assessing pervasive developmental disorder, inattention, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Related animal toxicology studies provide supportive biological plausibility for these findings. Additional data suggest that there may also be an association between parental pesticide use and adverse birth outcomes including physical birth defects, low birth weight, and fetal death, although the data are less robust than for cancer and neurodevelopmental effects. Children's exposures to pesticides should be limited as much as possible. PMID:23184105

Roberts, James R; Karr, Catherine J

2012-12-01

320

Chronic stress, salivary cortisol, and ?-amylase in children with asthma and healthy children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined whether chronic stress is related to daily life levels of salivary ?-amylase (sAA), a marker for sympathetic activity, and cortisol in healthy children versus children with asthma.Children's sAA and cortisol levels were measured repeatedly over 2 days. Chronic stress measures included interviews with children about chronic home life stress and interviews with parents about one marker

Jutta M. Wolf; Erin Nicholls; Edith Chen

2008-01-01

321

ChicagoChildrens  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Headlines Pediatric Oncology Branch Home > Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals > Training Headline Title Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Child/Pediatric Psychology Post-Doctoral Fellowship The Children's Hospital of

322

Children and Noise  

MedlinePLUS

... Devices Speech and Language Therapy Cochlear Implant Rehabilitation Tinnitus Treatment Emotional Health and Wellness Educational Workshops and ... About Hearing Loss Understanding Hearing Loss Children Adults Tinnitus & Hyperacusis Hearing Technology Hearing Aids Assistive Devices Listening ...

323

Flight (Children's Books).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents brief annotations of 43 children's books, grouped around the theme of flight: flights of imagination, flights across time and around the globe, flights of adventure, and nature's flight. (SR)

Matthews, Susan; Reid, Rebecca; Sylvan, Anne; Woolard, Linda; Freeman, Evelyn B.

1997-01-01

324

Sexual Abuse of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canadian reports and legislation are reviewed to highlight the school's role in prevention and reporting of suspicions of child sexual abuse. The vulnerability of handicapped children and child pornography are two areas of victimization emphasized. (Author/DB)

Csapo, Marg

1988-01-01

325

Arthritis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... the best outcome for the child. For JIA, therapy aims to reduce inflammation. Aspirin may be used initially in children with mild disease since it decreases joint inflammation and pain. Aspirin is also fairly inexpensive and easy to ...

326

Obesity in children  

MedlinePLUS

... television, they often crave the unhealthy high-calorie snacks they see on commercials. See also: Screen time ... about eating healthy and eating out . Choosing healthy snacks and drinks for your children is important, but ...

327

Giving Medicine to Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... la batalla. back to top - For More Information Pediatrics Medicines in My Home (MIMH) 10 tips for ... Concentration Before Giving Acetaminophen to Infants Children and Asthma: The Goal Is Control Know Active Ingredients in ...

328

CooksChildren  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Headlines Pediatric Oncology Branch Home > Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals > Training Headline Title Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Psychologist Cook Children's Medical Center - Department: CCMC Psych-Op Adm

329

Children and Summer Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Safety Parenting Traumatic Brain Injury Transcript Each year ERs across the U.S. ... than 500,000 cases of accident-driven traumatic brain injury involving children below the age of 15. ...

330

Language disorder - children  

MedlinePLUS

... during the preschool years will also have some language problems or learning difficulty later in childhood. They may also have ... Sharp HM, Hillenbrand K. Speech and language development and ... disorders in children: classification and clinical syndromes. ...

331

Exercise and children  

MedlinePLUS

... Playing organized sports (such as soccer, basketball, and football) Younger children have a shorter attention span than ... or biking. Others prefer group sports, like soccer, football, or basketball. Choose an exercise that works well ...

332

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

333

The "Children's Rights" Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues that the "children's rights" movement is an attack on the authority of parents and teachers and that it is undermining school discipline and traditional family roles. Condensed from "American Educator," Spring 1981, pp30-33. (SJL)

Miller, Bruce A.

1981-01-01

334

Stuttering in Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents brief reviews of 20 works of children's fiction in which a character stutters. Noted are ways authors portray such aspects of stuttering as symptomatology, causation, and treatment. (Author/DB)

Bushey, Tahirih; Martin, Richard

1988-01-01

335

Determinants of Children's Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research is to investigate empirically the determinants of children's health with particular reference to home and local environmental variables such as family income, parents' schooling, preventive medical care, and health manpower av...

D. Chernichovsky D. Coate L. N. Edwards M. Grossman R. A. Shakotko

1980-01-01

336

Auditory Perception in Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An exploratory, study, to assess auditory perception in young children developed experimental measures consisting of 10 tapes involving three types of auditory signals: (1) environmental sounds in artificial or playground noise; (2) competing messages; an...

N. D. Wood

1971-01-01

337

Arthritis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... challenging. However, with care from a team of rheumatology professionals, most children with arthritis live full and ... JIA is used most by specialists in pediatric rheumatology, JRA is commonly used in the United States. ...

338

Sleep Changes in Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

Sleep Changes in Children (1:05) Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence. choose settings to watch video: Windows Media Player - high | low QuickTime - high | low

339

Children and HIV  

MedlinePLUS

... to cut. Also, the medication may be unevenly distributed in the tablet It is difficult to know when to start treatment for children. Immediate treatment might prevent immune system damage. Delayed treatment may provide better quality of ...

340

Hypertensive crisis in children.  

PubMed

Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it is associated with signs of end-organ damage such as encephalopathy, congestive cardiac failure or renal failure, there is an emergent need to lower blood pressures to 25-30% of the original value and then accomplish a gradual reduction in blood pressure. Precipitous drops in blood pressure can result in impairment of perfusion of vital organs. Medications commonly used to treat hypertensive crisis in children are nicardipine, labetalol and sodium nitroprusside. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and recent developments in management of hypertensive crisis in children. PMID:21773822

Chandar, Jayanthi; Zilleruelo, Gastón

2012-05-01

341

Giving Medication to Children  

MedlinePLUS

... to Children: Tips from FDA Pediatrician Benjamin Ortiz Teaching Kids About Using Medicine Safely Lock it Up: ... Government For Press Combination Products Advisory Committees Science & Research Regulatory Information Safety Emergency Preparedness International Programs News & ...

342

Children's Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... or canthardin . Community acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureaus (CA-MRSA) Also known as the superbug. Easily spread among ... antibiotics such as clindamycin and tetracyclines. To prevent CA-MRSA, children should wash their hands often, cuts and ...

343

Treating Children as Individuals  

MedlinePLUS

... her own style and needs, initially because of birth order and inborn traits, and later because of experiences. ... appropriately for their child's developmental age and needs. Birth order and family size also influence your children's development. ...

344

Exercise and activity - children  

MedlinePLUS

... about themselves Are more physically fit Have more energy Other benefits of exercise for children are: A lower risk of heart disease and diabetes Healthy bone and muscle growth Staying at a healthy weight

345

Injuries to Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trauma is the leading killer of children after the first year of life. Unlike trauma in the adult world, where penetrating\\u000a injuries (mainly a result of firearms) predominate, pediatric trauma deaths are most commonly caused by blunt force injury\\u000a (Table 1). Traumatic injuries and deaths do occur in children younger than 1 yr, however, congenital disease and prematurity\\u000a claim more

Jonathan I. Groner

346

[Plasma hypertonicity in children].  

PubMed

The plasma hypertonicity is a severe and quite frequent disorder in children. The most frequent causes are hypernatremia related conditions, even though other causes of hyperosmolarity, such as hyperglycaemia and exogenous solutes accumulation also occur. The management and treatment of this condition is delicate and requires a thorough understanding of the underlying hydro electrolytic disorder. The authors perform a theoretical review of plasma hypertonicity in children, focusing on the three most frequent associated conditions: hypernatremic dehydration, salt poisoning and hyperosmolar coma. PMID:20654264

Teixeira, Ana; Ribeiro, Augusto

2010-01-01

347

Hypertensive crisis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the\\u000a renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management\\u000a of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it\\u000a is associated with signs

Jayanthi Chandar; Gastón Zilleruelo

348

Children's Recreational Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored children's participation in recreational (physical) activities and the extent to which this participation was influenced by individual and household socio-demographics and characteristics of the social and physical environment. Travel and activity diaries were used to collect data on out-of-home recreational activities for a random sample of 4,293 children in primary schools in the Netherlands. These data were

Astrid D. A. M. Kemperman; Harry J. P. Timmermans

2011-01-01

349

Children's Wheelchair Clinic  

PubMed Central

During the first year of a children's monthly wheelchair clinic 29 out of 34 chairs supplied in the past were found to be unsatisfactory. The advantages of a central clinic for a region where clinicians and technical officers can meet are emphasized, as is also the need for wider dispersal of knowledge about wheelchairs for disabled children. ImagesFIG. 2FIG. 3FIG. 4FIG. 5

Holt, K. S.; Darcus, H.; Brand, H. Lorna

1972-01-01

350

Hemorrhagic stroke in children.  

PubMed

Hemorrhagic stroke accounts for approximately half of stroke in childhood. Unlike arterial ischemic stroke, there are no consensus guidelines to assist in the evaluation and treatment of these children. This article reviews the literature on the evaluation, treatment, etiology, and neurologic outcome of hemorrhagic stroke in children. Important differences between pediatric and adult hemorrhage are highlighted, as treatment guidelines for adults may not be applicable in all cases. Required future research and potential therapies are also discussed. PMID:17275656

Jordan, Lori C; Hillis, Argye E

2007-02-01

351

Assessing Children's Career Aspirations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past several years, Science and Children has invited preservice and inservice teachers to participate in national studies of students' ideas about scientists (Barman 1997), animals (Barman et al. 2000), and plants (Barman et al. 2003). You are invited to participate in an additional study that will examine children's career aspirations. Your participation in this survey will provide you with an understanding of how your students perceive potential careers.

Plummer, Donna M.

2008-04-01

352

Chronic cough in children.  

PubMed

The management of chronic cough, a common complaint in children, is challenging for most health care professionals. Millions of dollars are spent every year on unnecessary testing and treatment. A rational approach based on a detailed interview and a thorough physical examination guides further intervention and management. Inexpensive and simple homemade syrups based on dark honey have proved to be an effective measure when dealing with cough in children. PMID:23905830

Wagner, Johana B Castro; Pine, Harold S

2013-08-01

353

Food Allergy in Children  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this review is to establish a rational approach to the assessment of children with food allergy related to an immunologic state in which alteration of response to antigenic material has developed after repeated exposure. The author offers a practical approach to the problem of food allergy in children, dispels some of the myths surrounding the disorder, and discusses some of the popular but unproven and controversial practices relating to its management.

Shenassa, M. Medhi

1988-01-01

354

Children's Museum of Houston  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Children's Museum of Houston provides resources for educators, parents, and children. The site is intended to provide activities that accompany the exhibits in the museum. However, many of the activities can be done or can be modified to be done outside of the museum. By clicking on the "Education" tab, you will be directed to lesson ideas, field trip information, and other enrichment programs.

2012-01-01

355

Self Representation in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to examine the roles of mental age, social interaction, and communication in self-representation abilities, typically-developing children were compared with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Typically-developing children (TD, n = 66) and children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD, n = 20), including subgroups of autistic disorder…

Carmody, Dennis P.; Lewis, Michael

2012-01-01

356

Families Promoting Travel Skills for Their Children with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests ways that families of children with visual impairments can promote the travel skills of their children. Topics covered include ways to share information during travel, involving children in travel, involving children with nondrivers, helping adolescents who will not drive gain increased independence, and supporting young…

Rosenblum, L. Penny; Corn, Anne L.

2003-01-01

357

Connecting Children's eCulture to Curriculum: Implications for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the benefits of including "children's eCulture" in school curricula. "Children's eCulture" is the culture of children as it relates to electronics and technology. Integrating children's eCulture into formal learning experiences allows teachers to promote multiple literacies in their students. The article will describe the…

Laverick, Deanna M.

2009-01-01

358

The View from Down Here: Foster Children's Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foster children have stories and the whole foster care system, including the child, need to hear them. The story metaphor is useful in understanding how foster children perceive and process their world. Stories can help foster children better understand themselves, and help case managers, therapists, foster parents, teachers and policy makers hear these children in order to better attend to

Jason B. Whiting

2000-01-01

359

Possibilities and Quandaries for Young Children's Active Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Concepts of children's citizenship are highly contested. Contemporary policy and rhetoric increasingly includes the concept of citizenship in relation to children, yet there is considerable ambiguity as to what children's citizenship actually means. Unlike other marginalized groups, it is not children claiming citizenship rights…

Phillips, Louise

2011-01-01

360

Families of Children with Mental Retardation: Effective Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discuses the findings of a research study that compared 191 families of children with spina bifida and 145 families of children with mental retardation. Findings include: (1) mothers of children with developmental disabilities (DD) perceived that they experienced more poor health/mood problems than the mothers of children with Spina…

Singh, Delar K.

361

Anxiety, Depression, and Irritability in Children with Autism Relative to Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Typical Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maternal ratings of anxiety, depression, and irritability were analyzed in 1390 children (6-16 years of age), including 233 children with high functioning autism (HFA, IQ greater than or equal to 80), 117 children with low functioning autism (LFA, IQ less than 80), 187 typical children, and 853 children with other disorders. As a group, children

Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Murray, Michael J.; Ahuja, Meesha; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

362

Obesity prevention in children.  

PubMed

The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity continues to be unacceptably high and of public health concern in Europe. During childhood and adolescence, environmental factors are the main drivers of obesity development. Obesity is caused by a chronic energy imbalance involving both dietary intake and physical activity patterns. Several risk factors are influencing obesity development, even starting in the prenatal period. From birth, along life, mainly diet and physical activity/inactivity are the most important drivers on top of genetic susceptibility. The first years of life can therefore be crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and on later overweight and obesity. Schools are an attractive and popular setting for implementing interventions for children. Interventions including a community component are considered to be the most effective. Obesity control will require policy interventions to improve the environments that promote poor dietary intake and physical inactivity rather than individually focused interventions. More solid institutional and health policies are needed together with more effective interventions to obtain evident changes for the prevention of excess adiposity among children. PMID:23428690

Moreno, Luis A; Bel-Serrat, Silvia; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M; Rodríguez, Gerardo

2013-01-01

363

Carol Hurst's Children's Literature Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers numerous children's literature resources created by Carol Hurst, "a nationally-known storyteller, lecturer, author and language arts consultant." The site's main section consists of a large collection of book reviews and ideas for how to use them in the classroom. Reviews of Featured Books also includes discussion topics, activities, related books and links to other subjects and resources. Users will also find resource collections (book titles, activities, related links) for specific curriculum areas and selected themes. In addition, the site contains a number of professional resources including a quarterly children's literature newsletter.

364

Nineteenth Century Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database, maintained by the publishing house of Chadwyck-Healey, Ltd., provides searchable records of the British Library's Children's Literature collection, which contains 2,369 titles on 5,527 fiches. Search parameters include title and complete record keyword, author, subject, publisher, year(s) of publication, microfiche number, and number of records retrieved. (Users may also browse possible search terms for each parameter.) Each entry gives a full bibliographic record for the individual text, including author, uniform title, imprint, place and date of publication, pagination, copy-specific notes, British Library shelfmark, and Fiche quantity and number. The site is part of The Nineteenth Century, a larger collection from Chadwyck-Healey and the British Library that catalogs an impressive array of nineteenth-century texts useful for historical and cultural studies.

365

Subtypes of Aggression in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Medication Effects and Comparison with Typical Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined aggressive behavior in 6- to 12-year-old children, including 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on stimulant medication, 19 children with ADHD on placebo (n = 19), and 32 controls. Children completed a laboratory provocation task designed to measure hostile, instrumental, reactive, and proactive…

King, Sara; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Pelham, William E.; Frankland, Bradley W.; Corkum, Penny V.; Jacques, Sophie

2009-01-01

366

Aggressive Behaviour in Early Elementary School Children: Relations to Authoritarian Parenting, Children's Negative Emotionality and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether authoritarian parenting, children's negative emotionality and negative coping strategies independently or jointly predict children's aggressive behaviour at school. Participants included the teachers and mothers of 185 Hong Kong resident Chinese children (90 girls and 95 boys), aged 6-8. Teachers rated the children's…

Chan, Siu Mui

2010-01-01

367

[Treatment of bronchiectasis in children].  

PubMed

The thoracoscopic and traditional thoracotomic surgical access for bronchiectesis treatment in children were compared. The first (thoracoscopic) group included 18 children. The control (thoracotomic) group included 26 patients. The mean operative time in the 1st group was 78.3±31 min; pleural draining lasted for 1.3 days and postoperative hospital stay was 9.93±2.08 days. The mean operative time in the 2nd group was 81.7±35.1 min; pleural draining lasted for 3.3 days and postoperative hospital stay was 14.4±3.4 days. Conversion was needed in 4 cases. Therefor, the thoracoscopic surgery proved to be much more preferable in children because of its' minimal invasiveness. PMID:22968501

Razumovski?, A Iu; Sharipov, A M; Bataev, S Kh M; Alkhasov, M B; Mitupov, Z B; Rachkov, V E; Feoktistova, E V; Kulikova, N V

2012-01-01

368

Transforming children's palliative care--from ideas to action: highlights from the first ICPCN conference on children's palliative care  

PubMed Central

The International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) held its first international conference on children’s palliative care, in conjunction with Tata Memorial Centre, in Mumbai, India, from 10–12 February 2014. The theme of the conference, Transforming children’s palliative care—from ideas to action, reflected the vision of the ICPCN to live in a world where every child who needs it, can access palliative care, regardless of where they live. Key to this is action, to develop service provision and advocate for children’s palliative care. Three pre-conference workshops were held on 9 February, aimed at doctors, nurses, social workers, and volunteers, and focused around the principles of children’s palliative care, and in particular pain and symptom management. The conference brought together 235 participants representing 38 countries. Key themes identified throughout the conference included: the need for advocacy and leadership; for education and research, with great strides having been taken in the development of an evidence base for children’s palliative care, along with the provision of education; the importance of communication and attention to spirituality in children, and issues around clinical care, in particular for neonates. Delegates were continually challenged to transform children’s palliative care in their parts of the world and the conference culminated in the signing of the ICPCN Mumbai Declaration. The Declaration calls upon governments around the world to improve access to quality children’s palliative care services and made a call on the Belgian government not to pass a bill allowing children to be euthanised in that country. The conference highlighted many of the ongoing developments in children’s palliative care around the world, and as she closed the conference, Joan Marston (ICPCN CEO) challenged participants to take positive action and be the champions that the children need, thus transforming children’s palliative care.

Downing, J; Marston, J; Muckaden, MA; Boucher, S; Cardoz, M; Nkosi, B; Steel, B; Talawadekar, P; Tilve, P

2014-01-01

369

The State of the World's Children 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This UNICEF State of the World's Children report (last reviewed in the December 11, 1998 Scout Report) includes an appeal for a new international coalition on behalf of children. The report also summarizes progress made since the 1990 World Summit for Children and the challenges that remain. Included in the report are a number of photographs, maps, tables, and a glossary. A summary, features (a collection of children's own words on important issues), RealPlayer videos, and a .pdf version of the report are available form the main page.

370

Liver failure in children with hepatitis A.  

PubMed

There have been very few reports dealing with liver failure related to hepatitis A in children. Moreover, the criteria usually used for selecting patients with fulminant hepatitis A for liver transplantation have not been evaluated in children. Therefore, the current study was conducted retrospectively in a single French urban pediatric liver transplantation center to serve as a reminder of the potential severity of hepatitis A in children and to identify predictors of outcome. Children were selected by chart review using a data base system and were grouped according to outcome for analyses purposes. Over a 15-year period, 24 children with hepatitis A showed evidence of liver failure, including 6 children who did not develop hepatic encephalopathy, 7 children in whom encephalopathy occurred but resolved spontaneously, and 11 children in whom death or liver transplantation was the outcome. The mean age at onset was 6.5 years. Those with the most rapid onset of liver failure from onset of jaundice had the best chance of recovery without developing encephalopathy. Otherwise, no predictive factors of outcome were found at onset of liver failure. Among the 18 children who developed encephalopathy, the best early prognostic indicator of a poor outcome irrespective of the grade of encephalopathy, appeared to be a prothrombin time level below 21% of normal combined with a serum bilirubin level above 400 micromol/L. Therefore, these two prognostic indicators may be helpful in deciding liver transplantation in children with hepatitis A-induced fulminant liver failure. PMID:9328329

Debray, D; Cullufi, P; Devictor, D; Fabre, M; Bernard, O

1997-10-01

371

Social Adjustment and Personality Development in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes a series of studies included in a 5-year program of research on the social adjustment of school children in the third through sixth grades. The sample consists of a total of 40,000 children from Texas and Minnesota, including a small subsample of 5,000 used in a 4-year longitudinal study. Peer acceptance-rejection scores…

Roff, Merrill; And Others

372

Math and Children's Literature (Carol Hurst's Children's Literature Site)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains links to various resources related to math connections in children's literature: previously published articles, sample chapters with activities from a book and CD, and reviews of math-related children's books.

Hurst, Carol O.; Otis, Rebecca

1996-03-01

373

Abdominal pain - children under age 12  

MedlinePLUS

Stomach pain in children; Pain - abdomen - children; Abdominal cramps in children; Belly ache in children ... When your child complains of abdominal pain, see if s/he can describe it to you. Here are different kinds of pain: ...

374

Care for Children and Adolescents with Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... cancer in children and adolescents. Most children's, or pediatric , cancer centers treat patients up to the age of ... as the Children's Cancer Group (CCG) and the Pediatric Oncology Group (POG), is a network of children's cancer ...

375

Treatment of Children with Acute Myeloid Leukemia  

MedlinePLUS

... Next Topic Treatment of children with acute promyelocytic leukemia Treatment of children with acute myeloid leukemia Treatment for most children ... 2014 Back to top » Guide Topics What Is Leukemia in Children? Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention Early Detection, Diagnosis, ...

376

Food Selectivity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Typically Developing Children  

PubMed Central

Objectives To define food selectivity and compare indices of food selectivity among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and typically developing children, and to assess the impact of food selectivity on nutrient adequacy. Study design Food selectivity was operationalized to include food refusal, limited food repertoire, and high frequency single food intake using a modified food frequency questionnaire and 3-day food record. Food selectivity was compared between 53 children with ASDs and 58 typically developing children ages 3–11 years. Nutrient adequacy was assessed relative to the Dietary Reference Intakes. Results Children with ASDs exhibited more food refusal than typically developing children (41.7% vs. 18.9% of foods offered, p < 0.0001). A more limited food repertoire was reported for children with ASDs than typically developing children (19.0 vs. 22.5 foods, p < 0.001). Only four children with ASDs and one typically developing child were reported to demonstrate high frequency single food intake. Children with a more limited food repertoire had inadequate intakes of a greater number of nutrients. Conclusions Our findings suggest that food selectivity is more common in children with ASDs than in typically developing children, and that limited food repertoire may be associated with nutrient inadequacies.

Bandini, Linda G.; Anderson, Sarah E.; Curtin, Carol; Cermak, Sharon; Evans, E. Whitney; Scampini, Renee; Maslin, Melissa; Must, Aviva

2010-01-01

377

Children and War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 2000, and based in Bergen, Norway, the Children and War group is "dedicated to improve children's lives after wars and disasters." Their homepage has the latest news and results of the group's efforts, and visitors who have relationships with children will find advice on what to tell them about the tsunami and earthquake in Japan. The "Stories" link on the far left-hand side of any page allows visitors to put faces and names to some of the children of war and disaster. There is Luay, a 14-year-old boy from Iraq who was traumatized by helping bring dead bodies out of the ruins of his city after it was bombed. Miriam, an 11-year-old from Somalia, tells of seeing her pregnant mother being stabbed and killed by opposing clan members. Visitors interested in how children are assessed to determine the "effects of war, disaster and trauma" on them will find the "Measures" link helpful. Here they will find information on CRIES, a widely used assessment for post traumatic stress, a depression self-rating scale, and a "Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory". Additionally, many of the tests are available in multiple languages.

378

[Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans in children].  

PubMed

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a relatively rare skin neoplasm. Usually affecting adults, the incidence in children is even less frequent. Through a report of three pediatric cases of DFSP, we describe the particularities of this tumor in children. Three boys aged 8, 9, and 15 years presented with a firm nodular skin lesion of the trunk, varying in size from 1 to 5 cm. No previous trauma event had occurred. Diagnosis was confirmed in all cases by immunohistological study. Surgical excision was performed in all cases. No recurrence was evident during the follow-up period of, respectively, 15, 36, and 49 months. The DFSP is an infiltrative tumor of intermediate malignancy, with a limited potential for metastasis (<5%) but a high rate of local recurrence (? 50%). The incidence in children is even less frequent. In children, its seemingly benign clinical appearance may explain delays in diagnosis; the majority of lesions affect the extremities, suggesting a potential role-played by injury. In our observations, however, as in adults, the trunk was the site of occurrence. Despite the uncertain pathogenesis of this tumor, the finding of certain characteristic histopathological features helps establish an accurate diagnosis. As in adults, surgical treatment with large surgical margins remains the best practice for children with DFSP, directly affecting the prognosis. PMID:20952167

Zaraa, I; Ben abdallah, M; Driss, M; Trojjet, S; Ben Sassi, M; El Euch, D; Mokni, M; Rahal, K; Ben Romdhane, K; Ben Osman, A

2011-01-01

379

Children’s Drawings: A mirror to their minds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s drawings are thought to be a mirror of a child’s representational development. Research suggests that with age children develop more complex and symbolic representational strategies and reference points become more differentiated by gender. We collected two drawings from 109 5–13?year?old children (three age groups). Each child drew their family and their school and participated in an independent recall task.

Isabelle D. Cherney; Clair S. Seiwert; Tara M. Dickey; Judith D. Flichtbeil

2006-01-01

380

Socialization of Children’s Recall and Use of Strategies for Coping with Interparental Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using experimental, observational and interview-assessment methods, we examined relations among mother–child discussion skills\\u000a and suggested strategies for coping with postdivorce interparental conflict in a conflict task, children’s memory for those\\u000a strategies in a later recall interview, and children’s self-reported use of coping strategies in response to parental conflict\\u000a at home. Participants included 50, 9–12 year-old children (50% female, 11% Mexican-American, 81%

Paul A. MillerWendy; Wendy Kliewer; Jenifer Partch

2010-01-01

381

Superficial fungal infections in children.  

PubMed

Superficial fungal infections can involve the hair, skin, and nails. Most affected children are healthy, although immunosuppression is a risk factor for more severe presentation. Causative organisms typically are members of the Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton genera (dermatophytes), can be acquired from other infected humans, animals, or soil, and illicit a host inflammatory response. Nondermatophyte infections include pityriasis versicolor. In this article, the most common clinical presentations, diagnostic recommendations, and treatment algorithms for dermatophyte and nondermatophyte mycoses in children and adolescents are described. PMID:24636655

Hawkins, Danielle M; Smidt, Aimee C

2014-04-01

382

Parents and Children Together Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Parents and Children Together Online," a magazine whose goal is to promote family literacy and parent-child read-alongs, is now freely available via the Web. The Fall 1995 issue includes stories for grades K-3 and 4-6, articles on cats and Scottish Terriers, a story in Spanish, The Global Campfire that allows children to read part of a story and add to it themselves, book reviews, and links to related sites. The magazine is a part of The Family Literacy Center at the ERIC Clearinghouse for Reading, English and Communication. http://www.indiana.edu/~eric_rec/fl/pcto/menu.html

383

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children  

PubMed Central

The causes of encephalitis are numerous, and extensive investigations for infectious agents and other etiologies are often negative. The discovery that many of these encephalitis are immune mediated has changed the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Moreover, the broad spectrum of symptoms including, psychosis, catatonia, alterations of behavior and memory, seizures, abnormal movements, and autonomic dysregulation usually requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. This review focuses in several forms of encephalitis that occur in children, and for which an autoimmune etiology has been demonstrated (eg, anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis) or is strongly suspected (eg, Rasmussen encephalitis, limbic encephalitis, opsoclonus-myoclonus). The authors also review several disorders that may be immune mediated, such as the rapid onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) syndrome and some encephalopathies with fever and status epilepticus. Recognition of novel immune-mediated encephalitis is important because some of these disorders are highly responsive to immunotherapy.

Armangue, Thais; Petit-Pedrol, Mar; Dalmau, Josep

2013-01-01

384

[Allergic rhinitis in children].  

PubMed

The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children is mainly based upon history which leads to distinguish between seasonal (periodic or intermittent) pollinic AR and perrenial (permanent or chronic) AR. The consequences of an AR can be severe with major nasal discomfort, repercussion on quality of life and school attendance, and impact on facial bone growth. In addition it can be complicated by asthma. Specific desensitization is the only treatment which may modify the immune response towards allergens. However it must be compared with the other treatments including local or general antihistaminic drugs and intranasal corticosteroids, the choice resting upon the severity of the symptoms, the respiratory repercussion, and the age of the child. PMID:12205796

Percodani, J; Doussau-Thuron, S; Didier, A

2002-08-01

385

Autoimmune encephalitis in children.  

PubMed

The causes of encephalitis are numerous, and extensive investigations for infectious agents and other etiologies are often negative. The discovery that many of these encephalitis are immune mediated has changed the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Moreover, the broad spectrum of symptoms including, psychosis, catatonia, alterations of behavior and memory, seizures, abnormal movements, and autonomic dysregulation usually requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. This review focuses in several forms of encephalitis that occur in children, and for which an autoimmune etiology has been demonstrated (eg, anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis) or is strongly suspected (eg, Rasmussen encephalitis, limbic encephalitis, opsoclonus-myoclonus). The authors also review several disorders that may be immune mediated, such as the rapid onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) syndrome and some encephalopathies with fever and status epilepticus. Recognition of novel immune-mediated encephalitis is important because some of these disorders are highly responsive to immunotherapy. PMID:22935553

Armangue, Thaís; Petit-Pedrol, Mar; Dalmau, Josep

2012-11-01

386

Once-Daily Atomoxetine Treatment for Children With Attention-Deficit\\/ Hyperactivity Disorder, Including an Assessment of Evening and Morning Behavior: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Atomoxetine seems to be as effective for treating attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity dis- order (ADHD) when the daily dose is administered once in the morning as when the dose is divided and admin- istered in the morning and evening. In the present study, the efficacy of atomoxetine administered once daily among children with ADHD was assessed throughout the day, including the evening

Douglas K. Kelsey; Calvin R. Sumner; Charles D. Casat; Daniel L. Coury; Humberto Quintana; Keith E. Saylor; Virginia K. Sutton; Jill Gonzales; Sandra K. Malcolm; Kory J. Schuh; Albert J. Allen

387

Children's Program Kit: Supportive Education for Children of Addicted Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately one in four children in the United States is exposed to alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence in the family. Countless other children are living in families in which there is illicit drug abuse. Growing evidence suggests that genetics and environmental factors can predispose children of substance abusing parents to behavioral problems…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

388

Making Playgrounds Fit for Children and Children Fit for Playgrounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Warns about a potential epidemic of obesity among children in the United States and urges early childhood practitioners to provide outdoor play that increases children's physical activity, muscle strength, and coordination. Maintains that playgrounds should offer a variety of equipment that challenges children at different ability levels. Asserts…

Sutterby, John A.; Frost, Joe L.

2002-01-01

389

Stereotypy in Young Children with Autism and Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although stereotypy is one of the key diagnostic features of autism, few studies have compared stereotypic behavior in children with autism and typically developing children. The present study employed direct observational measurement methods to assess levels of stereotypic behavior in 2-, 3- and 4-year-old children with autism or pervasive…

MacDonald, Rebecca; Green, Gina; Mansfield, Renee; Geckeler, Amy; Gardenier, Nicole; Anderson, Jennifer; Holcomb, William; Sanchez, June

2007-01-01

390

Children's Rights and the World Summit for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a 1990 United Nations summit on children's rights. Examines problems facing children worldwide and the relationship of children's rights to environmental concerns and education. Discusses efforts of the World Organization for Early Childhood Education (OMEP) to implement summit resolutions, highlighting projects of four OMEP National…

Balke, Eva

1992-01-01

391

Impact of the Children's Television Act on Children's Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the Children's Television Act, which requires broadcasters to provide educational and informational programs for children, was examined by having 141 second through sixth graders watch 16 popular and unpopular television programs and then assess the motivational appeal of, and children's learning from, these programs. Popular and…

Calvert, Sandra; Kotler, Jennifer; Kuhl, Alison; Riboli, Michael

392

Children's Understanding of Ordinary and Extraordinary Minds  

PubMed Central

How and when do children develop an understanding of extraordinary mental capacities? Fifty-six preschoolers (3-5 years old) were tested on false-belief and knowledge-ignorance tasks about the mental states of carefully contrasted agents – some agents were ordinary humans, some had exceptional perceptual capacities, and others possessed extraordinary mental capacities. Results indicated that, in contrast with younger and older peers, children within a specific age-range reliably attributed fallible, human-like capacities to ordinary humans and to several special agents (including God) for both tasks. These data lend critical support to an anthropomorphism hypothesis – which holds that children’s understanding of extraordinary minds is derived from their everyday intuitive psychology – and reconcile disparities between the findings of other studies on children’s understanding of extraordinary minds.

Lane, Jonathan D.; Wellman, Henry M.; Evans, E. Margaret

2014-01-01

393

Literature for Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 11 articles in this publication discuss many topics regarding literature for children and adolescents, including the following: the major problems facing teachers and writers alike as they strive to communicate with the young; E.B. White's "Charlotte's Web"; two views of the American Revolution found in "Johnny Tremain" and "My Brother Sam Is…

Matthews, Dorothy, Ed.

1978-01-01

394

Preschool Curriculum for Exceptional Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for use with preschool handicapped children provides 28 activity units as well as general teaching suggestions. An initial section covers ideas for adapting activities to specific handicapping conditions including the visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically handicapped, and mentally disabled. Subsections also cover…

Kelley-Saur, Cheryl

395

Adult Children and Aging Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed to assist counselors and other caregivers in working with adult children and their aging parents. The first chapter addresses normative developmental issues in later life. This includes the demography of aging, theories of aging, and attitudes toward older persons, along with suggestions for identifying at-risk populations,…

Myers, Jane E.

396

Children's Development and Societal Divisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Everyone in the United States lives in multiple worlds including work, home, community, school, and social and religious groups. Individuals also have a number of identities and behavioral repertoires that shift among contexts. However, some children and families experience more discontinuities between school and home than others. These gaps are…

Ramsey, Patricia G.

2008-01-01

397

EPA Children's Environmental Health Yearbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is meant to be a resource guide of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) activities for the public and a tool for the Agency to use in protecting children's health from environmental hazards. The Yearbook includes sections on asthma and other ...

1999-01-01

398

Educating Black Children: America's Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book comprises papers on effectively educating black children. The foreword is by U.S. Representative Augustus F. Hawkins; the introduction is by Ernest L. Boyer, president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Section I, "School Policy: Formation and Implementation," includes the following papers: (1) "Revisiting…

Strickland, Dorothy S., Ed.; Cooper, Eric J., Ed.

399

The Environment: Our Children's World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles collected in this issue of UNICEF News deal with different aspects of the theme of the child and its environment. Specifically, topics covered include (1) awareness of the kind of world our children will inherit; (2) the survival of an urban child; (3) the survival of a Sahelian rural child as a working member of his farming community;…

Black, Maggie, Ed.

1982-01-01

400

Creative Interventions with Traumatized Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rich with case material and artwork samples, this volume demonstrates a range of creative approaches for facilitating children's emotional reparation and recovery from trauma. Contributors include experienced practitioners of play, art, music, movement and drama therapies, bibliotherapy, and integrative therapies, who describe step-by-step…

Malchiodi, Cathy A., Ed.

2008-01-01

401

Czech Children's Drawing of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do world children draw nature pictures in a certain way? Range of mountains in the background, a sun, couple clouds, a river rising from mountains. Is this type of drawing universal in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper? The sample size from Czech Republic included 33 participants from two kindergartens. They were 5 and 6…

Yilmaz, Zuhal; Kubiatko, Milan; Topal, Hatice

2012-01-01

402

Outcome in shunted hydrocephalic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to identify the main risk factors for poor outcome in children with shunted hydrocephalus, including the timing of the operation. The medical records of patients born between 1984 and 1992, who had undergone shunt operation for hydrocephalus before 1994, were analysed retrospectively. The following data were collected: aetiology of hydrocephalus, other pathology in

INA HEINSBERGEN; JAN ROTTEVEEL; NEL ROELEVELD; ANDREE GROTENHUIS

2002-01-01

403

Fact Sheet: Vulnerable Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet provides data on infants, toddlers and young children who are experiencing high stress as a result of a number of risk factors specifically identified in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004), including substantiated abuse or neglect, foster care placement, homelessness, exposure to family…

Shaw, Evelyn, Comp.; Goode, Sue, Comp.

2008-01-01

404

Cacodemonomania and exorcism in children.  

PubMed

Despite its popularity in the lay media, alleged possession of children by demons has received scant attention in the scientific literature. Five cases are presented. This phenomenon probably represents a variant of folie à deux. A religious consultant may advantageously be included as a member of the treatment team. PMID:7364734

Schendel, E; Kourany, R F

1980-04-01

405

Treatment of hypertension in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review summarizes the current approach to antihypertensive therapy in children. It focuses on newer drugs, taking into account changes in clinical practice that have occurred since publication of the second Task Force report. Non-pharmacological therapy, including weight reduction, exercise, and dietary intervention, has great potential for the effective reduction of blood pressure. It should be introduced not only in

Alan R. Sinaiko

1994-01-01

406

Rhinosinusitis in Children  

PubMed Central

Rhinosinusitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of nose and paranasal sinus(es). 5–13% of upper respiratory tract infections in children complicate into acute rhinosinusitis. Though not life threatening, it profoundly affects child's school performance and sleep pattern. If untreated, it could progress to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The pathogens involved in perpetuation of CRS consist of multidrug-resistant mixed microflora. CRS is challenging to manage and could further extend to cause eye or intracranial complications. In children, CRS diagnosis is often either missed or incomprehensive. Due to this, morbidity and strain on healthcare budget are tremendous. Flexible fiberoptic endoscopy has revolutionized management of CRS. Its utility in children is being increasingly recognized. Optimal management entails specific appropriate antimicrobials as well as treatment of underlying causes. The aim is to normalize sinus anatomy and physiology and regain normal mucociliary function and clearance.

Shahid, Sukhbir K.

2012-01-01

407

The Future of Children  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are a number of fine journals that deal with policies oriented toward children in the United States, and The Future of Children is certainly one of the best. The journal is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. On this site, visitors can read the current issue of the journal, and also browse their previous issues dating back to 1991. Each issue has a general theme, and past years have featured issues dealing with adoption, health insurance for children, caring for infants and toddlers, and domestic violence. For visitors who may be pressed for time, each issue contains an executive summary and article summaries. Additionally, users may also wish to sign up to receive their free e-mail newsletter.

408

Children's Books Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First, the CCB site offers "a non-circulating collection of more than 14,000 recent and historically significant trade books for youth, birth through high school, plus review copies of nearly all trade books published in the U.S. in the current year." Additionally, there are over 1,000 reference titles on the study of literature and storytelling for youth. The second site, from the University of Wisconsin Children's Book Center. The site offers "original bibliographies created by CCBC librarians, book reviews, webcasts of CCBC-sponsored speeches by children's and young adult book creators, and many more unique resources for librarians, teachers, university students and others." Both sites will provide interested visitors with an incredible array of resources for those interested in children's literature.

409

Lichenoid eruptions in children.  

PubMed

Lichenoid eruptions are quite common in children and can result from many different origins. In most instances the precise mechanism of disease is not known, although it is usually believed to be immunologic in nature. Certain disorders are common in children, whereas others more often affect the adult population. Lichen striatus, lichen nitidus, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, and lichen spinulosus are examples of lichenoid lesions that are more common in children than adults. Distinguishing these diseases is necessary for prediction of the course of the eruption and for optimal management. In most cases, certain clinical characteristics enable the clinician to reach a diagnosis, whereas in other cases biopsy is required for a definitive answer. Many of these lesions are self-limited and only require symptomatic treatment, although corticosteroids can hasten resolution in certain disorders. Discontinuation of the medication is often sufficient for resolution of lichenoid drug eruptions. PMID:15389198

Tilly, Joline J; Drolet, Beth A; Esterly, Nancy B

2004-10-01

410

Pacing in children.  

PubMed Central

Fourteen children had a permanent pacemaker implanted between May 1967 and July 1983. Postoperative complete heart block was the indication in nine cases, congenital complete heart block in three, and sick sinus syndrome in two. Two patients died, one suddenly and one after aortic valve replacement. A total of 48 pulse generators were implanted; five patients were given an isotopic pacemaker. Twelve patients had epicardial leads implanted initially, and two received a transvenous endocardial system. The lead system implanted initially remained without malfunction in only seven patients. In the other seven patients 20 lead malfunctions occurred. Psychological maturity and physical development seemed to be normal in all 14 children. Improvement in equipment and technique will improve the outlook for paced children in the future.

Ector, H; Dhooghe, G; Daenen, W; Stalpaert, G; van der Hauwaert, L; de Geest, H

1985-01-01

411

Help for Crippled Children  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Children with cerebral palsy have nervous system defects which lead to muscular spasticity and loss of coordination. Many of these children have great difficulty walking because certain muscles are in a constant state of contraction. Surgical techniques can lengthen muscles or tendons to improve the child's walking pattern, but it is vital to diagnose accurately the particular spasticity problem of each patient; the individual muscles causing the handicap vary greatly from child to child. It is difficult by physical examination alone to determine precisely which muscle groups are most involved. Biotelemetry has provided a solution. For the past two years, the Children's Hospital at Standord, assisted by NASA and the Stanford Biomedical Application Team, has been applying biotelemetry to the cerebral palsy problem.

1977-01-01

412

Phaeochromocytoma in children.  

PubMed

Phaeochromocytoma is a rare clinical entity in children. Contrary to traditional teaching, which suggested that 10% of phaeochromocytomas are "familial", a germline mutation has been identified in up to 59% (27/48) of apparently sporadic phaeochromocytomas presenting at 18 years or younger and in 70% of those presenting before 10 years of age. The inherited predisposition may be attributable to a germline mutation in the Von Hippel-Lindau gene, the genes encoding the subunits B and D of succinate dehydrogenase, the RET proto-oncogene predisposing to multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, or the neurofibromatosis type 1 gene. Of these, the Von Hippel-Lindau gene is the most commonly mutated gene in children presenting with a phaeochromocytoma. Genetic counselling is recommended before gene testing and investigation of the wider family. This review provides guidance on the aetiology, investigation, management, histopathology, genetics and follow-up of children with a phaeochromocytoma. PMID:18499773

Armstrong, R; Sridhar, M; Greenhalgh, K L; Howell, L; Jones, C; Landes, C; McPartland, J L; Moores, C; Losty, P D; Didi, M

2008-10-01

413

Chronic cough in children.  

PubMed

Chronic cough has been variably defined as a cough lasting longer than 3, 4 or 8 weeks. Many post viral or pertussis like illnesses are associated with prolonged coughing that resolves over time. Management involves first trying to make a diagnosis and identify the presence of any underlying condition. Targeted treatments can then be employed. Trials of treatments are often used to make a diagnosis. Because natural resolution of cough is so common any trial of treatment to confirm a diagnosis should be time limited and the treatment only restarted if the coughing returns. Only a small proportion of children with an isolated non-specific dry cough have asthma and care is needed not to over diagnose asthma. Children with chronic wet cough may have protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) that responds to a full course of antibiotics. Children with PBB failing to respond to treatment or with specific pointers should be investigated for specific causes of suppurative lung disease. PMID:23718990

Shields, Michael D; Doherty, Gary M

2013-06-01

414

Erythema multiforme in children  

PubMed Central

Abstract Question In my office I occasionally see children who have rashes with “target lesions” and who are diagnosed with erythema multiforme (EM). When should these children receive steroids, and when should the illness be allowed to follow its natural course without steroid treatment? Answer Erythema multiforme is relatively common in children. Current recommendations suggest not to treat EM minor with systemic steroids and that topical steroids might be of benefit. The use of systemic steroids for EM major remains controversial, as there is evidence both for and against treatment, and no randomized controlled trials have been done. Further studies need to address the benefit of steroids, and in the interim, physicians should decide on a treatment based on the severity of EM and in consultation with a dermatologist, if available.

Chan, Melissa; Goldman, Ran D.

2013-01-01

415

Pain in Children: Assessment and Nonpharmacological Management  

PubMed Central

Pain perception in children is complex, and is often difficult to assess. In addition, pain management in children is not always optimized in various healthcare settings, including emergency departments. A review of pain assessment scales that can be used in children across all ages, and a discussion of the importance of pain in control and distraction techniques during painful procedures are presented. Age specific nonpharmacological interventions used to manage pain in children are most effective when adapted to the developmental level of the child. Distraction techniques are often provided by nurses, parents or child life specialists and help in pain alleviation during procedures.

Srouji, Rasha; Ratnapalan, Savithiri; Schneeweiss, Suzan

2010-01-01

416

Keeping children with congenital heart disease healthy.  

PubMed

Keeping children with congenital heart disease healthy is vital to their long-term survival and quality of life. Nurse practitioners are in an excellent position to keep these sometimes fragile children healthy before, between, and after their cardiac surgeries. Primary care visits should address developmental morbidity. Referral for in-depth evaluations and intervention should be initiated for children with hemodynamically significant heart disease. Infants may also experience poor feeding. Nutritional guidance may include fortifying formulas or enteral tube feedings. Attention to immunization status and prevention of winter illnesses and endocarditis may reduce complications in this high-risk group of children. PMID:22018428

Woodward, Cathy S

2011-01-01

417

Children of Darfur: a vulnerable population.  

PubMed

Four years of intense war in Darfur has created an entire generation of children who might never recover. Children in this region are particularly vulnerable and suffer from issues including physical and psychological illness, malnutrition, rape and unlawful military recruitment. This international crisis is among the most important public health issues in the world. The responsibility of the international community to these children is significant and required to break this cycle. This paper will discuss the concerns surrounding these children, how current strategies are failing and proposed public health nursing interventions. PMID:18190487

Chaikin, Jennifer

2008-02-01

418

Dietary Assessment in Pregnant Women and Children  

Cancer.gov

In 2000, the Congress passed the Children's Health Act (PL 106-310), which authorized the National Children's Study (NCS), a long-term examination of the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of children. The NCS will include more than 100,000 children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21. In 2007, NCS identified seven vanguard centers to develop a focused plan for recruitment with the geographically distributed and demographically varied research institutions selected.

419

Children's literature and child abuse.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the use of children's literature in the treatment of child abuse, a method referred to as bibliotherapy. Appropriate children's books are described that can be used in this approach. PMID:2403904

Pardeck, J T

1990-01-01

420

Children's Hospital and Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... care Neurosciences Newborn and fetal care Orthopedics Pediatricians (primary care) Find a doctor Sign up for MyChart Search ... Children's Hospital locations Milwaukee hospital Fox Valley hospital Primary care Specialty clinics Community services Behavioral health Children's Hospital ...

421

Water Safety for Older Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Water Safety for Older Children Safety & Prevention Listen Water Safety for Older Children Article Body Drowning ranks ... overestimated their swimming ability and their knowledge of water-survival skills. Here are some guidelines to keep ...

422

Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents  

MedlinePLUS

July 2013 Questions and Answers about Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents This publication defines scoliosis and provides information about how it is diagnosed and treated in children and adolescents. You may be interested in contacting ...

423

Foot Health Facts for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... surgeon. Foot problems commonly experienced by children: Pediatric Flatfoot - Most children with flat feet have no symptoms. ... feet should be evaluated. More information on pediatric flatfoot is available in the Pediatric Flatfoot podcast. Calcaneal ...

424

School-age children development  

MedlinePLUS

... child development describes the expected physical, emotional, and mental abilities of children ages 6 - 12. ... a reading disability, stressors such as bulling and mental health issues ... Early school-age children should be able to use simple, ...

425

Doll Artists. Children's Art Diary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on sculptures created by children related to dolls. Discusses different types of toys that inspire children and explains that students can learn about figure studies. States that students learn about topics such as posing and grouping figures. (CMK)

Szekely, George

2003-01-01

426

Counseling Interventions with Depressed Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines depression and anxiety in children and addresses assessment issues. Describes nine specific interventions within the home and school that have helped depressed children. Provides case example of depressed sixth grade boy. (ABL)

Downing, Jerry

1988-01-01

427

Depression in Children and Teens  

MedlinePLUS

... Return to Web version Depression in Children and Teens Depression in Children and Teens How are the symptoms ... might mean your child is depressed. Why do young people get depressed? Many things can cause depression, ...

428

Administration for Children and Families  

MedlinePLUS

... Children, Youth and Families (ACYF) Children's Bureau (CB) Early Childhood Development (ECD) Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) ... Seattle) Initiatives & Priorities Assets for Independence Early Adversity Early Childhood Development Emergency Preparedness Evaluation Policy Faith-Based Partnerships ...

429

Adopting Children With Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates of children who are awaiting adoption (legally free) indicate that anywhere between 30 and 50% have a developmental disability. However, these children are not a homogeneous group. Their physical, cognitive and social characteristics may dif...

1999-01-01

430

Benefits for Children with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

Benefits For Children With Disabilities 2014 Contacting Social Security Visit our website Our website, www.socialsecurity.gov , ... some telephone calls. What’s Inside Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments for children with disabilities . . . . . 5 ...

431

Lifestyle and Lung Health in Children and Adolescents: Children’s Way of Life and Their Respiratory Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our lifestyle is comprised of several different factors. The lifestyle pattern is set during childhood with a lasting effect upon adult lifestyle and later health. Several lifestyle factors may be modified including food, nutrition, physical activity and smoking. These are important for later health both in healthy children and in children with respiratory illness. The present editorial reflects upon the

Kai-Håkon Carlsen

2011-01-01

432

Children's media use in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how Indonesian children have integrated media into their daily lives: media ownership at home, media uses, and gratifications sought, are discussed, as is the way in which gender and social-status influence the children–media relationship. Survey data of Jakarta-based children aged 9–15 (N=589) reveal that Indonesian children live in a media saturated environment, with high availability of media

Hendriyani; Ed Hollander; Leen dHaenens; Johannes W. J. Beentjes

2012-01-01

433

[Malnutrition, environment and children's development].  

PubMed

Protein energy malnutrition (PME) affects negatively children's somatic and cognitive development. Micronutrient deficiencies which usually coexist with PEM also have a negative influence on the cognitive development of children. The social and familiar environment in which disadvantaged children usually grow is very poor from the point of view of psychological and sensorial stimulation. All these factors together severely impede the full expression of poor children's genetic potential. PMID:15243657

O'Donnell, Alejandro M; Grippo, Beatriz

2004-01-01

434

Reducing Children's Media Viewing.  

PubMed

This case study evaluates the use of a Restrictive aide and the complementary use of parental mediation techniques to reduce media viewing among children. A family was provided a TV Token Timer, which involved a positive reward in exchange for participating in activities outside of watching television. Media viewing habits decreased from the baseline to the completion of the intervention at week 8 for both children. The parent reported high levels of Instructive mediation and positively evaluated the family's use of the TV Token Timer. PMID:22937402

Clyne, Erin; Jason, Leonard A

2011-01-01

435

Optics and children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light and Optics are subjects that "naturally" attracts the interest and sympathy of children even from very early ages. In this communication, we present a serie of experiments and support material designed in this hands-on perspective, to be used to introduce the study of light and optics to kindergarten and early basic school students. Our hands-on investigative approach leads the students, aged 4 to 10 years, to observe the experiment and discover themselves, in a critical and active way, different aspects of light and optics. Preparing funny eye catching situations and experiments predispose the children to work, effectively, enjoying themselves while building up their self-confidence.

Costa, Manuel F. M.; Ayres de Campos, J.; Lira, Madalena; Franco, Sandra; Vazquez-Dorrio, José B.

2011-01-01

436

Children, ADHD, and Citizenship  

PubMed Central

The diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a subject of controversy, for a host of reasons. This paper seeks to explore the manner in which children's interests may be subsumed to those of parents, teachers, and society as a whole in the course of diagnosis, treatment, and labeling, utilizing a framework for children's citizenship proposed by Elizabeth Cohen. Additionally, the paper explores aspects of discipline associated with the diagnosis, as well as distributional pathologies resulting from the application of the diagnosis in potentially biased ways.

Cohen, Elizabeth F.

2009-01-01

437

[Salt intake in children].  

PubMed

Very early in life, sodium intake correlates with blood pressure level. This warrants limiting the consumption of sodium by children. However, evidence regarding exact sodium requirements in that age range is lacking. This article focuses on the desirable sodium intake according to age as suggested by various groups of experts, on the levels of sodium intake recorded in consumption surveys, and on the public health strategies implemented to reduce salt consumption in the pediatric population. Practical recommendations are given by the Committee on nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics in order to limit salt intake in children. PMID:24686038

Girardet, J-P; Rieu, D; Bocquet, A; Bresson, J-L; Briend, A; Chouraqui, J-P; Darmaun, D; Dupont, C; Frelut, M-L; Hankard, R; Goulet, O; Simeoni, U; Turck, D; Vidailhet, M

2014-05-01

438

Craniocervical fusions in children.  

PubMed

The surgical management of craniovertebral junction (CVJ) instability in pediatric patients presents unique challenges. As compared with the adult patient, the anatomical variations of the CVJ in the pediatric patient are significant, complicate the approach, and limit the use of internal fixation. Diminutive osseous and ligamentous structures and syndromic craniovertebral abnormalities complicate the issue. Advances in imaging analysis and instrumentation have improved the armamentarium for managing the pediatric patient who requires craniocervical stabilization. In this paper, the author's experience of performing more than 850 pediatric CVJ fusions is reviewed. This work includes the indications for atlantoaxial arthrodesis and occipitocervical fusion. Early atlantoaxial fusions were performed using interlaminar rib graft fusion, and more recently using either transarticular screw fixation in the older patient, or lateral mass screws at C-1 and rod fixation with either C-2 pars interarticular screw fixation or pedicle screw fixation. A C-2 translaminar screw fixation is also described. Occipitocervical fusions are performed with rib grafts in patients younger than 6 years of age. Subsequently, above that age, contoured loop fixation was performed, and in the past 8-10 years, screw and rod fixation was used. Abnormal spine growth was not observed in children who underwent craniocervical stabilization below the age of 5 years (clearly the bone grew with the patient). However, no deleterious effects were noted in the children treated with rigid instrumentation. The success rate for bone fusion alone was 98%. The author's success rate with rigid instrumentation is nearly 100%. A detailed review of the technique of fusion is presented, as well as the indications and means of avoidance of complications, their prevention, and management. PMID:22656246

Menezes, Arnold H

2012-06-01

439

Chinese Children's Explanations for Illness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explored how Chinese children spontaneously explained the causes of illness. Two groups of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were recruited, with 30 children in each age group. A group of 30 college students were also recruited and their responses compared to those produced by the…

Zhu, Liqi; Liu, Guangyi; Tardif, Twila

2009-01-01

440

Arithmetic Learning Difficulties in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the arithmetic skills of 39 children with arithmetic learning difficulties (ALD), compared to two control groups, one consisting of normally achieving children matched to the ALD sample for chronological age (n =28), and another comprising younger normally achieving children matched to the ALD sample for arithmetic level (n…

Micallef, Silvana; Prior, Margot

2004-01-01

441

Palestinian Children Crafting National Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the formulation of national identity in Palestinian children by exploring their understanding of its paradoxes. Twelve Palestinian children were interviewed from cities, villages and refugee camps in the West Bank. The children express the multiple dimensions of national identity in terms of "self" and "other"; however these…

Habashi, Janette

2008-01-01

442

Exceptionally gifted children: Different minds  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are few descriptions in the literature of the cognitive processes of exceptionally gifted children. This study, based on testing profiles, anecdotes collected from parents, and observations made during family and group therapy sessions with mod- erately and exceptionally gifted children delineates some of the characteristic modes of thinking that differentiate exceptionally gifted children from their more moderately gifted peers.

Deirdre V. Lovecky

1994-01-01

443

Researching with Children: Ethical Tensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to reflect on both the processes and outcomes of the range of approaches aimed at promoting children's engagement in research, with the specific intent of listening to children's voices. This article considers some of the ethical tensions we have experienced when engaging children in research about their prior-to-school and school…

Dockett, Sue; Einarsdottir, Johanna; Perry, Bob

2009-01-01

444

Young Children's Concepts of Shape  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated criteria preschool children use to distinguish members of a class of shapes from other figures. We conducted individual clinical interviews of 97 children ages 3 to 6, empha- sizing identification and descriptions of shapes and reasons for these identifications. We found that young children initially form schemas on the basis of feature analysis of visual forms. While these

Douglas H. Clements; Sudha Swaminathan; Mary Anne; Zeitler Hannibal

1999-01-01

445

Fibromatosis of bone in children  

SciTech Connect

Radiographs, computed tomograms, and radionuclide bone scans were obtained preoperatively in three children with fibromatosis involving the bones and soft tissues of the extremities. Two of the children had identical scar-like bone lesions of the proximal tibia, which, to the author's knowledge, have not been reported before in this disease. The lesions recurred in two children.

Capusten, B.M.; Azouz, E.M.; Rosman, M.A.

1984-09-01

446

Tuberculosis among Children in Alaska.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The incidence of tuberculosis among Alaskan children under 15 was more than twice the national rate, with Alaska Native children showing a much higher incidence. Children with household exposure to adults with active tuberculosis had a high risk of infection. About 22 percent of pediatric tuberculosis cases were identified through school…

Gessner, Bradford D.

1997-01-01

447

How Nature Helps Children Develop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that children need contact with nature to grow well. Suggests that nature stimulates powers of observation, creativity, and a sense of peace. Recommends the protection of nature, adult guidance of children with nature, and poetry that expresses a child's connection to nature, citing several studies concerned with environment and children.…

Crain, William

1997-01-01

448

Children's Environmental Concerns: Expressing Ecophobia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While numerous quantitative studies across disciplines have investigated children's knowledge and attitudes about environmental problems, few studies examine children's feelings about environmental problems--and even fewer have focused on the child's point of view. Through 50 in-depth interviews with urban children (ages 10-12) this research aimed…

Strife, Susan Jean

2012-01-01

449

All Children Great and Small.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pediatrician Mel Levine's goal is to stop schools from giving children labels such as learning disabled and attention deficit. He insists that there is no one way in which all children learn. He has founded a professional development program to equip teachers with the latest research about children's brain development and help them put that…

Ruenzel, David

2001-01-01

450

Children's Perception of Speaker Sex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determined how proficiently children identify gender of adults and children, based on whispered and phonated vowels. Compares performance with adult listeners. Both groups obtained simiiar average rates of accuracy when identifying gender based on preadolescent children's phonated vowels. Adults were more accurate when perceiving whispered vowels.…

Bennett, Suzanne; Montero-Diaz, Luisa

1982-01-01

451

Interpretive Reproduction in Children's Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author looks at children's play from the perspective of interpretive reproduction, emphasizing the way children create their own unique peer cultures, which he defines as a set of routines, artifacts, values, and concerns that children engage in with their playmates. The article focuses on two types of routines in the peer culture of preschool…

Corsaro, William A.

2012-01-01

452

Design Principles for Children's Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designers of children's technology and software face distinctive challenges. Many design principles used for adult interfaces cannot be applied to children's products because the needs, skills, and expectations of this user population are drastically different than those of adults. In recent years, designers have started developing design principles for children, but this work has not been collected in one place.

Sonia Chiasson; Carl Gutwin

453

Enriching Literature Experiences of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit of the Flexible Learning System (FLS) attempts to acquaint adults with children's literature and help them develop guidelines for the selection of books, and methods for planning and facilitating children's experiences with literature. The material is written for persons working with children 4 to 8 years of age. A variety of short…

Taylor, JoEllyn

454

Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... temporary, such as right before puberty starts. A pediatric endocrinologist (children’s hormone specialist) or primary care doctor can help find out why a child is growing slowly. did you knoW? Most children with growth hormone deficiency grow less than two inches (5 centimeters) each ...

455

Spatial Concepts and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated children's preferred learning styles when exploring spatial concepts. Found that young children first develop the spatial concept of topology, which supports Piaget's theory, followed by the concepts of position. The two separate groups of children appeared to exhibit different learning styles when exploring space concepts. (AP)

Thorpe, Patricia

1995-01-01

456

Children's Perception of Support Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Perception of Support Inventory (CPSI) which assesses the extent to which children perceive their families and peer networks as understanding, responsive, and supportive is described. This measure was constructed (1) to differentiate children on family and peer-support scales and to demonstrate the relationship between the…

Rosen, Robert H.

457

Children Can't Think  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a satire on students' ability to think. Children can in fact think, but teachers often don't give them a chance or encourage them to do so. Questioning techniques are very important in getting children to think. A good starting point for children's thinking is their observations. (BR)

Kondo, Allan K.

1969-01-01

458

A- THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Children's Study (NCS) will be the largest long-term study of children's health and development ever conducted in the United States. The NCS will examine a broad range of environmental influences on children's health and development. It will follow approximately 10...

459

SPECIAL SCHOOL FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MANY CHANGES HAVE OCCURRED IN MIGRANT CHILDREN OVER THE 5 YEARS THE SPECIAL SCHOOL HAS BEEN IN OPERATION. MOST NOTABLE IS THAT THE CHILDREN ARE MUCH CLEANER AND BETTER BEHAVED. THE CHILDREN ARE ISSUED COMBS, TOOTHBRUSHES, TOWELS, AND SOAP. STUDENTS SHOWER THREE TIMES EACH WEEK AND PERFORM A DAILY ROUTINE OF BRUSHING TEETH AND COMBING HAIR. MILK…

POTTS, ALFRED M.

460

Using Puppets with Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines aspects of the use of puppets with young children and provides guidelines on proper times for puppet use, basic movements, and patterns. The use of puppetry in dramatic play provides young children with opportunities for refining communication skills and defining self. Puppetry provides a means for children to explore their…

Skelton, Sarah C.; Hamilton, Anne C.

461

Children's skepticism: Developmental and individual differences in children's ability to detect and explain distorted claims.  

PubMed

The current study examined some key developmental and individual differences in how elementary school-aged children evaluate sources of information. A sample of 130 children ages 6 to 9years participated in a task designed to measure children's understanding of ways that claims can be distorted (i.e., biased decisions, skewed self-reports, and misleading persuasive claims). Children also completed several individual difference measures, including a brief intelligence task and an advanced social cognition measure (interpretive theory of mind). Overall, older children were less trusting and better than younger children at explaining the reasons to doubt sources that might provide distorted claims. Crucially, the results also suggest that beyond age, both general intelligence and advanced social cognitive skills play roles in children's ability to understand when and why they must doubt sources of distortion. PMID:24727295

Mills, Candice M; Elashi, Fadwa B

2014-08-01

462

Hypoglycemia in Critically Ill Children  

PubMed Central

Background The practice of glycemic control with intravenous insulin in critically ill patients has brought clinical focus on understanding the effects of hypoglycemia, especially in children. Very little is published on the impact of hypoglycemia in this population. We aimed to review the existing literature on hypoglycemia in critically ill neonates and children. Methods We performed a systematic review of the literature up to August 2011 using PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science using the search terms “hypoglycemia or hypoglyc*” and “critical care or intensive care or critical illness”. Articles were limited to “all child (0–18 years old)” and “English”. Results A total of 513 articles were identified and 132 were included for review. Hypoglycemia is a significant concern among pediatric and neonatal intensivists. Its definition is complicated by the use of a biochemical measure (i.e., blood glucose) for a pathophysiologic problem (i.e., neuroglycopenia). Based on associated outcomes, we suggest defining hypoglycemia as <40–45 mg/dl in neonates and <60–65 mg/dl in children. Below the suggested threshold values, hypoglycemia is associated with worse neurological outcomes, increased intensive care unit stay, and increased mortality. Disruptions in carbohydrate metabolism increase the risk of hypoglycemia incritically ill children. Prevention of hypoglycemia, especially in the setting of intravenous insulin use, will be best accomplished by the combination of accurate measuring techniques, frequent or continuous glucose monitoring, and computerized insulin titration protocols. Conclusion Studies on hypoglycemia in critically ill children have focused on spontaneous hypoglycemia. With the current practice of maintaining blood glucose within a narrow range with intravenous insulin, the risk factors and outcomes associated with insulin-induced hypoglycemia should be rigorously studied to prevent hypoglycemia and potentially improve outcomes of critically ill children.

Faustino, E Vincent S; Hirshberg, Eliotte L; Bogue, Clifford W

2012-01-01

463

Use of natural health products in children  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To determine how common it is for parents to give natural health products (NHPs) to their children, which NHPs are being used, why they are being used, and parents’ assessments of the benefits and side effects of NHPs. Design Survey. Setting Newfoundland and Labrador. Participants Parents waiting in their family doctors’ offices. Main outcome measures Parent and child demographic characteristics; pediatric chronic medical conditions affecting the children; prescribed medications, over-the-counter medications, and NHPs used by the children; why the medications and NHPs were being used, the dose, and parents’ assessments of the effectiveness and side effects; and where parents had heard about the NHPs, whether they had told their physicians that the children were taking the products, and where they had obtained the products. Results A total of 202 (53.4%) of the 378 eligible adults who were approached completed the survey. This represented 333 children. Mean (SD) age of the children was 5.1 (3.3) years. Overall, 28.7% of parents reported using nonvitamin NHPs for their children. A total of 137 children (41.1%) had taken NHPs (including vitamins); 61.1% of the NHPs being used were vitamins. The remainder fell under teas (primarily chamomile and green teas), echinacea, fish or omega-3 oils, and a large category of “other” products. These NHPs were most commonly used to improve general health, improve immunity, and prevent colds and infections. Approximately half of the parents (51.7%) believed their children had benefited from taking NHPs, and 4.4% believed their children had experienced adverse side effects. Slightly less than half of the parents (45.0%) had informed their physicians that their children were taking NHPs. Conclusion Overall, 45.5% of parents attending physicians’ offices reported using NHPs in their children. If vitamins are not included in the definition of NHPs, this rate drops to 28.7%. Parents most commonly use NHPs to maintain the general health of their children, to prevent colds, and to boost children’s immune systems. About half of the parents believed the NHPs helped, very few had noticed any side effects, and approximately half had informed their physicians that they were giving their children NHPs.

Godwin, Marshall; Crellin, John; Mathews, Maria; Chowdhury, Nurun L.; Newhook, Leigh Anne; Pike, Andrea; McCrate, Farah; Law, Rebecca

2013-01-01

464

Physical Education for Children. Concepts into Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides the motor development knowledge base and program planning procedures for developing the elementary physical education program. Part one is an overview of the motor development knowledge base and includes chapters on growth, how exercise affects children, motor skill development, how children learn motor skills, and psychosocial…

Thomas, Jerry R.; And Others

465

A Portrait of At-Risk Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social and economic problems facing U.S. children are reviewed, including poverty, hunger and homelessness, gaps in health and mental health services, infant mortality/morbidity, child abuse, drug use, and violence depicted in the mass media. Risk-taking behaviors that are children's responses and suggestions to remedy these problems are…

Gore, Tipper

1991-01-01

466

Case Studies of Environmental Risks to Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents case studies on children's exposure to pesticides, including risks through the use of the insecticide aldicarb on bananas, the home use of diazinon, and the use of interior house paint containing mercury. These cases illustrate how regulatory agencies, parents, health-care providers, and others who come into contact with children have…

Goldman, Lynn R.

1995-01-01

467

The Oxford Treasury of Children's Poems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to appeal to children who are entering the world of poetry for the first time, this collection combines the traditional with the contemporary. It could be used equally well at home or in the book corner of a primary classroom. The collection includes poems by such classic children's writers as A. A. Milne, Ogden Nash, Christina Rosetti,…

Harrison, Michael, Ed.; Stuart-Clark, Christopher, Ed.

468

Planning Block Play Experiences for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playing with blocks can facilitate the creative, social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development of young children. This article presents information and activities concerning block play and its role in young children's experience. Topics covered include: (1) types of blocks; (2) selection of blocks and accessories; (3) planning of the…

Baker, Betty Ruth

469

Children of Torture Victims: Reactions and Coping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of 11 children from 5 exile families with at least 1 parent having been subjected to torture found children were anxious, depressive, and regressive with psychosomatic symptoms, sleep disorders, and family and school problems. Coping strategies including isolation and withdrawal, mental flight, eagerness to acclimatize, and strength of…

Montgomery, Edith; And Others

1992-01-01

470

Elementary School Children's Beliefs about Matter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an investigation of young children's (n=15) spontaneously constructed or naive understanding of the particulate nature of matter to any formal instruction in the domain. Speculates that children first develop local frameworks particular to different classes of substances, then slowly expand those frameworks to include a wide range of…

Samarapungavan, Ala; Nakhleh, Mary B.

1999-01-01

471

A Principal's Guide to Children's Allergies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several common children's allergies, including allergic rhinitis, asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergies, and anaphylactic shock. Principals should become familiar with various medications and should work with children's parents and physicians to determine how to manage their allergies at school. Allergen avoidance is the best…

Munoz-Furlong, Anne

1999-01-01

472

Social Skills in Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented that children with learning disabilities exhibit deficits in social skills. This paper reviews the existing literature on factors that may contribute to the social skills deficits of children with learning disabilities. These factors include social perception, behavioral problems, problem solving ability, and verbal communication. In addition, the relation of social skills deficits to the peer status of

Sharon A. Cermak; Jacqueline Rieber Aberson

1998-01-01

473

Relating Preschool Quality to Children's Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool classrooms were investigated to determine the extent to which quality is related to children's literacy development. The study included 24 classrooms of 428 prekindergarten children in a large, urban Midwestern school district. Results suggest that global classroom quality and literacy environment quality are strongly related. Literacy…

Cunningham, Denise D.

2010-01-01

474

The State of America's Children: 1991.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Defense Fund (CDF) presents its 1991 report on the state of America's children. An introductory call to action includes seven steps that CDF will take to attain its goals and 10 lessons to guide activists. The rest of the report focuses on: (1) family income and employment; (2) child care; (3) health; (4) education; (5) youth…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

475

Gifted Children: Do We Deserve Them?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research on gifted children covers topics which include the changing conception of giftedness, the identification of gifted children, and types of educational programs for the gifted. It is reported that over the years the term giftedness has referred primarily to intellectual ability. Problems involved in identifying the creative…

Reid, Neil

476

Working Children and Educational Inclusion in Yemen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Republic of Yemen has a very high number of working children, employed in a variety of occupations, ranging from street vending to guards on farms, and domestic labour. Including these children in formal education is a major challenge facing the Republic, which has one of the lowest rates of female participation in primary education in the…

Dyer, Caroline

2007-01-01

477

Children's Interpretations of Homonyms: A Developmental Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the effect of homonymity on children's use of semantic context to derive word meaning. The study presented participants (preschoolers, second graders, and college students) with stories including nonsense words, familiar words used accurately, and homonymous words. Results suggest that homonymity inhibits children's tendency to derive…

Mazzocco, Michele M. M.

1997-01-01

478

The EPA Children's Environmental Health Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through their environments, children are exposed to a wide variety of substances that pose a risk to their health. This yearbook provides information to the public on the activities of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to protect children from environmental hazards, including the latest information on the unique threats of environmental…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Children's Health Protection.

479

Young Children in Poverty: A Statistical Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document continues a series of statistical reports from the National Center for Children in Poverty about young child poverty in the United States. The highlights of this update include the current profile of extremely poor, poor, and near poor population of young children; an examination of the changing association between higher education…

Bennett, Neil G.; Li, Jiali; Song, Younghwan; Yang, Keming

480

The 1993 New York State Children's Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication advances an agenda on children's issues for the New York State Legislature in the 1993 budget and legislative session. An opening section reviews the status of the state's children with respect to poverty. The following section argues for a series of remedies including raising the minimum wage, offering a state earned income tax…

Statewide Youth Advocacy, Inc., Albany, NY.

481

Screen Media and Young Children: Who Benefits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the airing of "Sesame Street" in 1985, television produced for children has expanded to more television shows and educational media that includes videos, DVDs, and computer products. Viewing screen media is pervasive in the environments of young children, and companies are designing products for our youngest viewers--infants and toddlers.…

Cardany, Audrey Berger

2010-01-01

482

Atypical Visuomotor Performance in Children with PDD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently encounter difficulties in visuomotor tasks, which are possibly caused by atypical visuoperceptual processing. This was tested in children (aged 9-12 years) with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD; including PDD-NOS and Asperger syndrome), and two same-age control groups (Tourette syndrome…

Schlooz, Wim A. J. M.; Hulstijn, Wouter

2012-01-01

483

When Disaster Strikes: Helping Young Children Cope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children may experience stress and emotional problems in reaction to natural and other disasters. This brochure presents a number of strategies for teachers and caregivers to use to help children cope with this stress. These strategies include: (1) providing reassurance and physical comfort; (2) being aware of separation anxiety; (3)…

Farish, Jane M.

484

Brain Imaging in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews neuroimaging techniques such as cranial ultrasound, computed tomography scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging. Their roles in the care of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities include identification of high-risk infants, establishment of the diagnosis and prognosis in affected children, and enhancement of discussion…

Mantovani, John F.

1994-01-01

485

Children's Development of Structure in Early Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a descriptive study of 103 grade 1 children, including 16 longitudinal case studies, we investigated the use of mathematical structure across a range of mathematical tasks. Children's structural development was inferred from their imagistic representations, supported by analysis of problem-solving behavior during videotaped task-based clinical…

Mulligan, Joanne; Prescott, Anne; Mitchelmore, Michael

2004-01-01

486

The potential of children as eyewitnesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined children's capabilities in an eyewitness task. Subjects aged five to twenty-two years viewed a confederate interacting with the experimenter and later were asked to tell what had happened, to answer objective questions (including a leading question), and to identify the confederate from 6 photos. The results indicated that although young children were unable to freely narrate what

Barbara VanOss Marin; Deborah Lott Holmes; Mark Guth; Paul Kovact

1979-01-01

487

Effects of Sugar (Sucrose) on Children's Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined effects of sugar on behavior of 45 preschool and elementary school children. Provided all children with basic breakfast that included drink containing either 50 g of sucrose, a comparably sweet placebo, or very little sucrose. Found some small behavior changes in high-sucrose group. All effects were small in magnitude and not considered…

Rosen, Lee A.; And Others

1988-01-01

488

The impact of homelessness on children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and critiques community-based re- search on the effects of homelessness on children. Home- less children confront serious threats to their ability to succeed and their future well-being. Of particular concern are health problems, hunger, poor nutrition, developmental delays, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, and ed- ucational underachievement. Factors that may mediate the observed outcomes include inadequate shelter condi-

Yvonne Rafferty; Marybeth Shinn

1991-01-01

489

The Decline in American Children's Fitness Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether physical fitness levels in U.S. children and youth have changed over time. Research indicates that weight and skinfolds have increased over 50 years and distance run times have worsened over 10 years. The article includes information on relationships between cardiovascular fitness and coronary heart disease risks in children. (SM)

Kuntzleman, Charles T.; Reiff, Guy G.

1992-01-01

490

Story Presentation Effects on Children's Retell Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the possibility that the amount of content children include in their stories is affected by how stories are presented. Simple stories were presented to kindergarten and Grade 2 children in 3 conditions: orally (oral only), pictorially (pictures only), and combined oral and pictures. The kindergarteners recalled more content…

Schneider, Phyllis; Dube, Rita Vis

2005-01-01

491

Developing Math Games Based on Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes some of the math standards for prekindergarten to Grade 2 developed by NAEYC and NCTM. Presents developmentally appropriate methods of introducing math concepts, involving math games revised from other game styles and math games based on children's literature. Includes examples of and steps for making math games from children's…

Cutler, Kay M.; Gilkerson, Deanna; Parrott, Sue; Bowne, Mary Teresa

2003-01-01

492

Parents Resourcing Children's Early Development and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents deal with a complex web of choices when seeking and using knowledge and resources related to their young children's literacy development. Information concerning children's learning and development comes in many forms and is produced by an increasingly diverse range of players including governments, non-government organizations and…

Nichols, Sue; Nixon, Helen; Pudney, Valerie; Jurvansuu, Sari

2009-01-01

493

Bocavirus Infection in Hospitalized Children, South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the first evidence of human bocavirus infection in South Korean children. The virus was detected in 27 (8.0%) of 336 tested specimens, including 17 (7.5%) of 225 virus-negative specimens, collected from children with acute lower respiratory tract infection.

Ju-Young Chung; Tae Hee Han; Chang Keun Kim; Sang Woo Kim

494

STUDIES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN'S EXPOSURES TO PESTICIDES  

EPA Science Inventory

Young children, especially those of the preschool ages, are hypothesized to have greater exposures than do older children or adults to persistent organic pesticides and other persistent organic pollutants, including some compounds that may have endocrine-disrupting effects or d...

495

If You Teach Children, You Can Sing!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenges early childhood teachers to sing to and with young children, with parents, and with other adults. Discusses singing as an often neglected physical and emotional experience in American culture. Makes suggestions for singing and effectively involving children in music activities throughout the school day, including selecting songs…

Moore, Thomas

2002-01-01

496

Gardening with Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims that involving children in the process of gardening--selecting seeds and plants, planting, tending the garden, and harvesting the crop--helps them see the natural process of growing plants. Introduces container, square-foot, raised, and conventional gardens. Gives suggestions on what and when to plant as well as tips on gardening and…

Clemens, Jacqueline B.

1996-01-01

497

Chinese Children's Songs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Singing can be an enjoyable and effective way to motivate children to learn a second language. This booklet consists of contemporary and folk songs that are related to Chinese festivals, transportation, the family, seasons, Christmas and other topics. Each page gives the music to a song with the words in Chinese and in English. The songs are…

Kwok, Irene, Comp.

498

Children and Dairy Chemicals  

MedlinePLUS

... alone over a five-year period for caustic farm product ingestion. Astudy of four hospitals in Wisconsin over a ten-year period showed that ten children were admitted for dairy pipeline cleaner ingestion. These injuries are very severe, and since they are entirely ...

499

Children's Books in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, given at a special meeting held in Tehran, discusses the creation and publication of children's books in India, most of which came into being only after India achieved independence. Now both private publishers and government agencies supplement one another in publishing various types of books--fiction, science, biography, adventure,…

Rao, Mohini

500

Literacy Tips for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information that can support parents in their efforts to assist their young children's literacy development. Provided in a format that can be copied, these "literacy tips" are supplied for these three age groups: ages 0-3, ages 4-6, and ages 7-8 and are preceded by lists of ideas for using them in a family literacy…

Mraz, Maryann; Padak, Nancy; Baycich, Dianna