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1

Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined primary school teachers' knowledge of anxiety and excessive anxiety symptoms in children. Three hundred and fifteen primary school teachers completed a questionnaire exploring their definitions of anxiety and the indications they associated with excessive anxiety in primary school children. Results showed that teachers had…

Headley, Clea; Campbell, Marilyn A.

2013-01-01

2

The Director's Toolbox for Including Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors of early childhood programs are the "frontline" for parents seeking admission for their children with identified special needs. In addition, developmental and behavioral issues that emerge after a child is enrolled in a program quickly come to the director's attention. Determining who can be included at a site, how to prepare the…

Barker, Linda; Goldberg, Roberta

2012-01-01

3

Including Children with Autism in General Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors report that, although social attention to the education of children with special needs began in the late 1970s, education for children with autism is the greatest challenge in special education in China. They point out that most school-age children with autism are still kept out of both regular and special schools. In…

Huang, Ann X.; Wheeler, John J.

2007-01-01

4

Linear airway dimensions in children: Including those with cleft palate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linear airway dimensions from incisor teeth to vocal cords were measured from radiographs. Normal children were slightly taller\\u000a and heavier than children being treated for cleft palate and had significantly longer upper airway dimensions. Tracheal length\\u000a was measured in 50 normal children breathing spontaneously under general anaesthesia and was found to correlate best with\\u000a body weight. Strong positive correlation with

G. A. R. Morgan; D. J. Steward

1982-01-01

5

The Sunrise Children's Center: Including Children with Disabilities in Integrated Care Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the educational philosophy and practices of the Sunrise Children's Center in Amherst, New Hampshire, which serves all children, both disabled and nondisabled, from the ages of two to six years. The description of the program is highlighted with stories of children in the center. (BB)

Bogin, Joanna

1991-01-01

6

Including Children with Chronic Health Conditions: Nebulizers in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Transition-to-Kindergarten program in Brookline, Massachusetts, in which two children with asthma and potentially life-threatening food allergies were helped to stay healthy and fit into the classroom. (BB)

Goldberg, Ellie

1994-01-01

7

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children and Children With Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) B...DISABILITIES AND THEIR FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES WITHIN THE SECTION 6 SCHOOL...

2012-07-01

8

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children and Children With Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) B...DISABILITIES AND THEIR FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES WITHIN THE SECTION 6 SCHOOL...

2010-07-01

9

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children and Children With Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) B...DISABILITIES AND THEIR FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES WITHIN THE SECTION 6 SCHOOL...

2013-07-01

10

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children and Children With Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) B...DISABILITIES AND THEIR FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES WITHIN THE SECTION 6 SCHOOL...

2011-07-01

11

An Initial Look at the Quality of Life of Malaysian Families That Include Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While there is a growing body of literature in the quality of life of families that include children with disabilities, the majority of research has been conducted in western countries. The present study provides an initial exploration of the quality of life of Malaysian families that include children with developmental/intellectual…

Clark, M.; Brown, R.; Karrapaya, R.

2012-01-01

12

Educators' Challenges of Including Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Mainstream Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are increasingly being placed within mainstream classes, little is known about the challenges that teachers encounter with including them as full participants in the class. This qualitative study draws on a purposive sample of 13 educators who have experience teaching children with ASD within…

Lindsay, Sally; Proulx, Meghann; Thomson, Nicole; Scott, Helen

2013-01-01

13

Including All Children in Standards-Based Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of students with and without disabilities in physical education as the movement toward standards-based education progresses, examining whether standards should be applied to all students, obstacles to including all students, ways to include all students, and the importance of standards for teachers. An example of inclusive…

Johnson, Lynn V.; Kasser, Susan L.; Nichols, Beverly A.

2002-01-01

14

Children's Health  

MedlinePLUS

Your child's health includes physical, mental and social well-being. Most parents know the basics of keeping children healthy, like offering ... for children to get regular checkups with their health care provider. These visits are a chance to ...

15

[Relationship between assertiveness including consideration for others and adjustment in children].  

PubMed

The relationship between assertiveness and internal and external adjustment was investigated. Elementary school children in grades four to six (n=207) and their classroom teachers (n=8) participated in the study. Internal and external adjustments were measured by using self-ratings, and self- and other- ratings respectively. The children responded to a questionnaires inquiring about assertiveness that included two components of assessment: "self expression" and "consideration for others". Then, the children were divided into 4 groups according to their scores on these two components of assertiveness. The results indicated that children scoring high on both components of assertiveness had higher self-rating scores than those scoring low on both components. Moreover, children that scored high on "consideration for others" tended to have high external adjustment. Also, boys that scored low on "self expression" had lower external adjustment as indicated by the negative ratings of teachers. Furthermore, girls that scored high on "consideration for others" had high external adjustment as indicated by positive ratings of teachers and same-sexed classmates. PMID:22834091

Eguchi, Megumi; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu

2012-06-01

16

Children and Adolescents' Internal Models of Food-Sharing Behavior Include Complex Evaluations of Contextual Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined internal representations of food sharing in 589 children and adolescents (8-19 years of age). Questionnaires, depicting a variety of contexts in which one person was asked to share a resource with another, were used to examine participants' expectations of food-sharing behavior. Factors that were varied included the value of the resource, the relation between the two depicted

Henry Markovits; Joyce F. Benenson; Donald L. Kramer

2003-01-01

17

Exploring Family Recreation Activities in Families That Include Children with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the recreation activities of families that included children with developmental disabilities. Data from surveys and interviews indicated that the most popular and frequent forms of recreation reflected five categories: passive, play, physical, social, and entertainment/special events. Despite variations in family sociodemographic…

Mactavish, Jennifer B.; Schleien, Stuart J.

2000-01-01

18

Including Children with Selective Mutism in Mainstream Schools and Kindergartens: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research on inclusion of children with selective mutism in school/kindergarten. Moreover, few studies have tried to understand selectively mute children's interactions in the natural surroundings of their home and school/kindergarten. Five children meeting the DSM-IV criteria for selective mutism were video-observed in social…

Omdal, Heidi

2008-01-01

19

Backyards and Butterflies: Ways to Include Children with Disabilities in Outdoor Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook is designed for children, parents, and families, detailing ideas for outdoor play and learning activities, with emphasis on involving children with disabilities in outdoor play. A rural perspective permeates the guide, although each chapter contains ideas for making outdoor environments more accessible and safer for all children,…

Greenstein, Doreen; And Others

20

Ethical implications of including children in a large biobank for genetic-epidemiologic research: A qualitative study of public opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies are considering initiating a cohort study of 500,000 people, including 120,000 children, to measure genetic and environmental influences on common diseases. A community engagement pilot study was conducted to identify public attitudes and concerns about the proposed cohort study, including the ethics of involving children. The pilot included 15 focus groups

David Kaufman; Gail Geller; Lisa LeRoy; Juli Murphy; Joan Scott; Kathy Hudson

2008-01-01

21

Including Children with Disabilities in State Pre-K Programs. Pre-K Policy Brief Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States and local school districts are required by federal law to educate preschool age children with disabilities in typical early childhood programs alongside children who do not have disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and sets forth a list of policy recommendations that can help…

Boylan, Ellen; Goldman, Dan

2010-01-01

22

UNICEF Shifts Its Focus To Include All Children By Kate Henniges  

E-print Network

major could really fit into the United Nations and all the work this international organization does. I. A young boy with a pair of crutches is lined up with the rest of the children getting ready to enter

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

23

Trainee and Recently Qualified Physical Education Teachers' Perspectives on Including Children with Special Educational Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In recent years within the UK the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream physical education (PE) has escalated up the statutory and political agenda. Despite this increased focus in schools, empirical research demonstrates that inequalities still exist in relation to the readiness of government,…

Vickerman, Philip; Coates, Janine Kim

2009-01-01

24

English learning support assistants’ experiences of including children with special educational needs in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Blatchford, learning support assistants (LSA) in schools within England comprise of a quarter of their workforce. In recent years, the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream school settings has seen significant rises. Furthermore, the English government has raised expectations on the amount of physical education (PE) and school sport young people should engage in.

Philip Vickerman; Milly Blundell

2012-01-01

25

English Learning Support Assistants' Experiences of Including Children with Special Educational Needs in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Blatchford, learning support assistants (LSA) in schools within England comprise of a quarter of their workforce. In recent years, the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream school settings has seen significant rises. Furthermore, the English government has raised expectations on the amount of…

Vickerman, Philip; Blundell, Milly

2012-01-01

26

Trainee and recently qualified physical education teachers' perspectives on including children with special educational needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In recent years within the UK the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream physical education (PE) has escalated up the statutory and political agenda. Despite this increased focus in schools, empirical research demonstrates that inequalities still exist in relation to the readiness of government, teacher training providers, schools and PE teachers to deliver this agenda.

Philip Vickerman; Janine Kim Coates

2009-01-01

27

Researching with children: Conversations with preadolescent children about their lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Involving children in a conversation about their lives not only embraces children as valued contributors to research, but also enables the wider research community of adults, valued insight into children’s contemporary perspectives. Children’s views are increasingly being included in research, due in part to Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, 1989). The

Jenna Swan

2010-01-01

28

Relations between Children's Libraries and Children's Publishers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relationship and interdependence of children's libraries and publishers of children's books. Developments in publishing for children in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada are examined; publishing trends are described, including a more global approach; and the influence of technological changes are considered. (five…

Fasick, Adele

1991-01-01

29

One-year Change in Repetitive Behaviours in Young Children with Communication Disorders Including Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repetitive behaviours are a relatively neglected area of study in autism. Previous research has concluded that repetitive\\u000a behaviour is inversely related to ability and that it tends to increase over the preschool years. One-hundred and four children\\u000a ages 24–48 months, with autism, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or other disorders, were followed for 13 months. Twelve items\\u000a from the Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI-R)

Emma Honey; Helen McConachie; Val Randle; Heather Shearer; Ann S. Le Couteur

2008-01-01

30

Including Disabled Children in Indian Schools, 1790s–1890s: Innovations of Educational Approach and Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Indian antiquity there is documentation of educational practice that sometimes favoured the inclusion of children with impairments. European schools in India, starting c. 1605, brought little recorded innovation until the late 18th century. Admission of a weak?minded boy to the Madras Military Orphan Asylum by Andrew Bell in the 1790s suggests a new openness in European?led schools, with later

M. Miles

2001-01-01

31

Children's Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a sampling of citations in the ERIC database on children's rights. Includes human rights education, United Nations' conventions, state takeovers of local school districts, and federal law as it affects student rights. Covers child abuse, corporal punishment, child welfare, and child advocacy. (DK)

Schlene, Vickie J.

1992-01-01

32

Urinary tract infection - children  

MedlinePLUS

UTI - children; Cystitis - children; Bladder infection - children; Kidney infection - children; Pyelonephritis - children ... They may occur often around age 3, as children begin toilet training. Boys who are not circumcised ...

33

Obliging children.  

PubMed

Children may sometimes undergo healthcare procedures that are not intended to improve their health status. Such interventions might include the use of young children as bone marrow donors or their enrolment in non-therapeutic research. One of the justifications used to legitimise these interventions is the premise that children have obligations to others; to their family in the case of related bone marrow transplantation, and to wider society in the case of non-therapeutic research. However, this 'obligation model' (the notion that children possess positive obligations to advance the health status of others) fails as a justificatory paradigm because it is based upon a confusion, identified by Hart, between two notions; that of 'being under an obligation to do something' and that of 'being obliged to do something'. Instead the 'obligation model' is a device employed to put a justificatory gloss upon a consequentialist decision-making process; removing the legitimising gloss allows for a more transparent look at the conflict between parental rights and an individual child's right to bodily integrity. PMID:21289034

Lyons, Barry

2011-01-01

34

Soviet Children's Books: Expanding Children's Views of the Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a study that supports the premise that children should read literature written for children in other countries to increase their knowledge and understanding of other cultures. Includes a bibliography of Russian children's literature. (AEA)

Long, Roberta

1984-01-01

35

One Million Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are the results of a national study of Canadian children with emotional and learning disorders, who number 12% of the Canadian population up to 19 years of age, or no less than 1,000,000 children, who need attention, treatment, and care. The category includes children with neurotic or psychotic or behavior disorders, learning…

Commission on Emotional and Learning Disorders in Children, Toronto (Ontario).

36

Ethnography of Children's Folklore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's folklore, the traditional formalized play activities of children, includes such speech play as riddles, games, jokes, taunts, retorts, counting-out rhymes, catches, jump-rope rhymes and many other such forms of verbal art. An initial attempt is made to study children's folklore on its own terms, not as a mechanism of enculturation for…

Bauman, Richard

37

Children Worldwide, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the three journal issues comprising volume 19 (1992) of "Children Worldwide" focuses on a specific theme. Issue 1 contains six articles about refugee children, including essays about a community self-help approach in Pakistan, unaccompanied minors in Hong Kong, and refugee families raising children in a new culture; guidelines for working…

Lejeune, Genevieve, Ed.

1992-01-01

38

Helping children sleep  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sleep problems in children are very common and affect both the child and parents. The common problems are bedtime resistance, delayed sleep onset and frequent night waking. This review summarises current non-pharmacological practices and intervention options to aid healthy children sleep. Children may benefit from good sleep hygiene practices, which include a consistent routine for bed and consistent bedtime, a

Barbara C Galland; Edwin A Mitchell

2010-01-01

39

Children’s Games 3  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 3 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

40

Children’s Games 2  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 2 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

41

Children’s Games 6  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 6 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

42

Children’s Games 9  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 9 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

43

Children’s Games 4  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 4 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

44

Children’s Games 5  

E-print Network

Children’s Games 5 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Tshi khrem and Tshe dbang play local children's and other games while explaining the rules and procedures for the games. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual... ) Game Name of recorder (if different from collector) Bkra shis bzang po (Carver) Date of recording 18 November 2009 Place of recording Bang smad Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Si khron...

Bkra shis bzang po

2009-11-18

45

Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Librarians, teachers, and children's book aficionados will find a wealth of free resources at the Children's Literature website, as well as information about the Children's Literature Comprehensive Database (CLCD), available by subscription only. (Visitors to the web site can sign up for a free trial of the database). One of the key features of the site is the Themed Reviews, that make it easy to get a list of best books on a subject. In this section, choose from almost 60 topics such as Remembering September 11th, 2001, Dinosaurs, Gardening, TV Turn Off Week, or Space Exploration. Most topics include a short introduction, for example, Flight and the Wright Brothers begins with a bit of biography on the Wrights. This is followed by short, signed reviews (reviewers' credentials are also provided), often with cover images, and age recommendations. There is biographical information about authors and illustrators (often links to publisher pages), as well as teaching guides and lesson plans, and events and upcoming conferences.

46

Malaysian children’s attitudes towards television advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the attitudes of children in Malaysia’s competitive children’s market towards TV advertising, and how this affects their spending; children influence the market as immediate consumers, as influencers of their parents and other people, and as future adult consumers. Outlines the objectives and methodology of new quantitative research conducted into predictors of children’s attitudes, which also includes the effect of

Noor Hasmini A. Ghani; Osman M. Zain

2004-01-01

47

Snowflake Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking account of the needs and views of children is problematic, particularly in Ireland where children have been "owned" by their parents and social policy has been directed at the family rather than the individual child. The 1980s and 1990s may be said to be the decades where abuse, in its many forms, reared its head and Irish society was…

Child & Youth Services, 2007

2007-01-01

48

Latchkey Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase educators' awareness of the plight of latchkey children, this study reviewed literature concerning the negative and positive effects experienced by latchkey children. Also examined were possible solutions to the problem through techniques, guidelines, and existing programs. The first section of the review provides 12 annotated…

Marsh, Jill A.

49

Constipation in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Topics and Titles : Constipation in Children Constipation in Children On this page: What is constipation in children? ... For More Information Acknowledgments What is constipation in children? Constipation in children is a condition in which ...

50

The Contribution of Social Relationships to Children’s Happiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between happiness and social relationships was examined in 9- to 12-year-old children. Participants included\\u000a 432 children and their parents. Children’s happiness was assessed using self-rating scales, parent’s ratings, and the Happiness\\u000a and Satisfaction Subscale from the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, Second Edition (Piers and Herzberg 2002). Children’s social relations were assessed with items from the Piers-Harris scale and

Mark D. Holder; Ben Coleman

2009-01-01

51

Exploring the Social Impact of Being a Typical Peer Model for Included Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the social impact of being a typical peer model as part of a social skills intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were drawn from a randomized-controlled-treatment trial that examined the effects of targeted interventions on the social networks of 60 elementary-aged children with ASD.…

Locke, Jill; Rotheram-Fuller, Erin; Kasari, Connie

2012-01-01

52

Training physical education teachers to include children with special educational needs: Perspectives from physical education initial teacher training providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term inclusion has been subject to extensive debate in terms of its definition, interpretation and delivery in relation to children with special educational needs (SEN) in physical education (PE). This study explores the views and experiences of teacher trainers in their role of preparing secondary PE trainees for the inclusion of children with SEN. The data are analysed on

Philip Vickerman

2007-01-01

53

Children's School December 2010 Director's Corner  

E-print Network

Children's School December 2010 Director's Corner: Fostering Interaction & Cooperation The Children decisions, as well as to support families in fostering their children's development, I will share - promoting children's social skills for diverse adult and peer relations, including listening, turn

54

[Street children].  

PubMed

According to UNICEF, street child is any child under the age of 18 for whom the street has become home and/or source of income and which is not adequately protected or supervised by adult, responsible person. It has been estimated that there are between 100 and 150 million street children worldwide. Life and work on the street have long term and far-reaching consequences for development and health of these children. By living and working in the street, these children face the highest level of risk. Street children more often suffer from the acute illness, injuries, infection, especially gastrointestinal, acute respiratory infections and sexually transmitted diseases, inadequate nutrition, mental disorders, and drug abuse. They are more often victims of abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking; they have higher rate of adolescent pregnancy than their peers from poor families. Street children and youth have higher rates of hospitalization and longer hospital stay due to seriousness of illness and delayed health care. Street children/youth are reluctant to seek health care, and when they try, they face many barriers. Street children are invisible to the state and their number in Serbia is unknown. Recently, some non-governmental organizations from Belgrade, Novi Sad and Nis have recognized this problem and tried to offer some help to street children, by opening drop-in centers, but this is not enough. To solve this problem, an engagement of the state and the whole community is necessary, and primary responsibility lies in health, social and educational sector. The best interests of the child must serve as a basic guideline in all activities aimed at improving health, quality of life and rights of children involved in the life and work in the street. PMID:24502109

Roncevi?, Nevenka; Stojadinovi?, Aleksandra; Batrnek-Antoni?, Daliborka

2013-01-01

55

Children Now: Media Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Children Now is an independent, nonpartisan organization, the goal of which is to ensure "that children grow up in economically secure families, where parents can go to work confident that their children are supported by quality health coverage, a positive media environment, a good early education, and safe, enriching activities to do after school." This section of the website features the group's research on children and the media. Recent reports posted here include one entitled, Digital Television: Sharpening the Focus on Children, which addresses the FCC's ruling that will "improve children's television as the nation's broadcasters make the transition to digital television (DTV)" by providing access to educational television programming that parents are able to identify as educational. Additional articles on media legislation affecting children are also posted here.

56

Children’s trends in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys the children’s market in Europe, finding that there is a general similarity in child behaviour between countries. Focuses on children’s use of technology, finding that they have high levels of creativity in anticipating designs of products like mobile phones. Moves on to the high levels of technology in children’s bedrooms, finding that, overall, 20 per cent of children between

Barbie Clarke

2005-01-01

57

Precious Children  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This companion Website to the recently broadcast PBS documentary "Precious Children" provides insight into childhood life and education in mainland China. The site offers factual and cultural information about China, online essays about early education and childcare in China, video clips from the documentary, and an annotated list of online resources about children and education in China. Such a site could be a useful starting point for lesson plans designed to disrupt familiar cultural stereotypes.

58

Marketing to children (and mums) through children’s magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demonstrates the popularity of children’s magazines in the UK, and the power of licensed characters for children up to seven years old; magazines aid in children’s self-development, they are an alternative to sweets and TV as a treat, they have a variety of content, and they give parents and children quality time together. Outlines the size of this highly competitive

Dawn Cordy

2003-01-01

59

Exploring the Social Impact of Being a Typical Peer Model for Included Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

PubMed Central

This study examined the social impact of being a typical peer model as part of a social skills intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were drawn from a randomized-controlled-treatment trial that examined the effects of targeted interventions on the social networks of 60 elementary-aged children with ASD. Results demonstrated that typical peer models had higher social network centrality, received friendships, friendship quality, and less loneliness than non-peer models. Peer models were also more likely to be connected with children with ASD than non-peer models at baseline and exit. These results suggest that typical peers can be socially connected to children with ASD, as well as other classmates, and maintain a strong and positive role within the classroom. PMID:22215436

Locke, Jill; Fuller, Erin Rotheram; Kasari, Connie

2014-01-01

60

Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities (HABIT-ILE) for Children with Cerebral Palsy.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Hand-arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy and Constrained-Induced Movement Therapy have shown evidence of effectiveness in improvement of upper extremity use in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The effectiveness of interventions that are based on intensive practice of activities that combine UE and LE functions has not been reported. We propose that bimanual UE activities that simultaneously require trunk and LE postural adaptations uniquely address motor control limitations of children with unilateral spastic CP. The aim of this perspective is to present such an approach Hand Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities (HABIT-ILE). HABIT-ILE is unique in selection of tasks and activities that require simultaneous control and coordination of UE and LE movements. It is a motor-learning-based approach using problem solving and highly structured practice. During the intervention, activities and tasks are progressively graded toward more complex bimanual coordination for the UE and increasing demands of the LE. HABIT-ILE is provided in small groups for 90 hr using a camp model. Future research (randomized controlled trial) is needed to determine the effectiveness of HABIT-ILE. PMID:25271469

Bleyenheuft, Yannick; Gordon, Andrew M

2014-11-01

61

AkronChildren's  

Cancer.gov

The Division of Pediatric Psychiatry and Psychology in the Department of Pediatrics at Akron Children’s Hospital is pleased to announce an opening for a pediatric psychologist specializing in the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with chronic disease, and could include particular focus in diabetes , palliative care, sleep, feeding. The position involves development of pediatric psychology programs within outpatient hospital specialty clinics in which the psychologist would function as a member of an interprofessional team.

62

Children and media.  

PubMed

Program developers in India's mass media are turning to the discipline of child development to increase their sensitivity to the special needs and capacities of child audiences. Children are particularly susceptible to having their thoughts, feelings, values, and behavior influenced by media programming. In India, radio is the medium with the greatest opportunity to communicate with children and programming for young people includes educational material, variety programs, quiz shows, drama, and live programs in which children participate. The 1st Children's Film Festival was held in India in 1952 and India participates in the International Center of Films for Children and Young People. Television enjoys popularity among children, illiterates, and the poor, but its potential to create social awareness, change behaviors, and raise the standard of living of the Indian people has not been fully realized. Drama is less able to reach large numbers of children, but offers children the opportunity to participate directly in the portrayal of different characters and emotions. Recently, the tradition of puppetry has been rivived and integrated into India's school curriculum. Finally, India is taking steps to expand the number of books available to children and the Government has established 2 trusts to support the publication of children's literature. Regardless of the form of media, it is important for parents to play a role in ensuring the appropriateness of the programming for the child and processing its content. PMID:12342719

Patankar, M

1989-01-01

63

Towards Better Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Children's Television (CCT) supports Action for Children's Television (ACT) in its demands for no commercials on children's television and an improvement in programing for children. A survey of children's television in the San Francisco Bay Area determined that from 1961 to 1971, children's programing had declined in quality and…

Mundie, Paul J.

64

Playing with Autistic Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper looks at the development of a play group for autistic children with descriptions of the autistic population, the daily program, the program's philosophy, the play group model, and actual lessons. Children, who ranged in age from 5 to 9 years, often chose activities which were self-stimulating and/or repetitive. The daily program included

Casner, Mary W.; Marks, Susan F.

65

Lead Poisoning in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban children are exposed to lead through the air they breathe, the water they drink, and the food and nonfood substances they ingest. The history, diagnosis, and treatment of lead poisoning in these children are discussed. Includes information on the toxicology of lead and the various risk classes. (JN)

Boeckx, Roger L.

1986-01-01

66

Nutrition and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special issue of the journal contains 12 articles on nutrition and young children. The following titles and authors are included: "Overview--Nutritional Needs of Young Children" (M. Scialabba); "Nurturance--Mutually Created--Mother and Child" (M. McFarland); "Feeding the Special Needs Child" (E. Croup); "Maternal and Neonatal Nutrition--Long…

Frank, Mary, Ed.; And Others

1978-01-01

67

Sexuality and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes normal aspects of sexuality during the early years, including masturbation and children's fanciful sexual ideas. Presents inappropriately mature sexual knowledge as a danger sign of abuse. Discusses whether and what teachers/caregivers should tell children about sexuality, and notes the importance of teaching staff about sexual identity…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2000-01-01

68

The Punishment of Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The causes of punishment including violence are perceived, first and foremost, as in the nature of family relations. The authors' survey focused on children's interaction with their parents, and the risk of violence is clearly present. Russian sociological research on violence against children within families shows a lack of consensus on what…

Maslova, T. F.; Smagina, M. V.

2012-01-01

69

Children’s Health | Article  

E-print Network

The prevalence of dental fluorosis in the United States has increased during the last 30 years. In this study, we used a mathematical model commonly employed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to estimate average daily intake of fluoride via all applicable exposure pathways contributing to fluorosis risk for infants and children living in hypothetical fluoridated and nonfluoridated communities. We also estimated hazard quotients for each exposure pathway and hazard indices for exposure conditions representative of central tendency exposure (CTE) and reasonable maximum exposure (RME) conditions. The exposure pathways considered were uptake of fluoride via fluoridated drinking water, beverages, cow’s milk, foods, and fluoride supplements for both age groups. Additionally, consumption of infant formula for infants and inadvertent swallowing of toothpaste while brushing and incidental ingestion of soil for children were also considered. The cumulative daily fluoride intake in fluoridated areas was estimated as 0.20 and 0.11 mg/kg-day for RME and CTE scenarios, respectively, for infants. On the other hand, the RME and CTE estimates for children were 0.23 and 0.06 mg/kg-day, respectively. In areas where municipal water is not fluoridated, our RME and CTE estimates for cumulative daily average intake were, respectively, 0.11 and 0.08 mg/kg-day for infants and 0.21 and 0.06 mg/kg-day for children. Our theoretical estimates are in good agreement with measurement-based estimates reported in the literature. Although CTE estimates were within the optimum range for dental caries prevention, the RME estimates were above the upper tolerable intake limit. This suggests that some children may be at risk for fluorosis. Key words: children, exposure, fluoride, multipathway, risk. Environ Health Perspect 113:111–117 (2005). doi:10.1289/ehp.7077 available via

Serap Erdal; Susan N. Buchanan

70

Wild Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author, a Forest School Leader with Shropshire Wildlife Trust, shows how nature is the best teacher. She describes a new approach to out-of-classroom learning during which qualified leaders use simple challenges and achievable tasks to encourage child-initiated learning in the great outdoors. At Forest School, children are…

Trotman, Helen

2010-01-01

71

Seeing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The daily reality of working with a group of young children presents many demands for adults in early childhood programs. There are the ongoing chores of caretaking and cleaning up, planning and providing an engaging curriculum, communicating with families and coworkers, and the ever-growing pressures for outcomes, assessment, and documentation to…

Curtis, Deb

2008-01-01

72

Children of Alcoholics  

MedlinePLUS

... that whether or not the parents are receiving treatment for alcoholism, these children and adolescents can benefit from educational ... for the child, including reducing risk for future alcoholism. Child and adolescent ... treatment program may include group therapy with other youngsters, ...

73

Negotiated representational mediators: How young children decide what to include in their science representations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we synthesize two bodies of work related to students' representational activities: the notions of meta-representational competence and representation as a form of practice. We report on video analyses of kindergarten and first-grade students as they create representations of pollination in a science classroom, as well as summarize results from interviews regarding the design choices that they made. Analysis of the semistructured pre- and postinterviews reveals that students attend to the content domain, local activity, and their personal preferences when evaluating representations. Analysis of video case studies that followed the students as they created their representations further reveals several key mediators of the students' representational activities, including other students, task constraints, the teacher, and local norms for what constituted a good representation. In addition, the data show that these norms shifted over time as new content was covered in the class, and were appropriated in interaction with other students. Finally, both sets of analyses reveal that students often face competing constraints when creating their representations, and resolve these constraints through a complex set of negotiations.

Danish, Joshua A.; Enyedy, Noel

2007-01-01

74

The NIH Children’s School  

Cancer.gov

Patient Information Publications NIH Clinical Center National Institutes of Health The NIH Children’s School The NIH Children’s School was established in 1953 to instruct school-age patients of the Clinical Center. An accredited satellite of the

75

Including Disabled Children in Learning: Challenges in Developing Countries. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 36  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an exploratory study suggesting ways of analysing challenges for developing countries in the move to greater inclusion of disabled children and young people in learning. The paper focuses on pedagogical challenges to realising more inclusive education. Pedagogy encompasses not only the practice of teaching and learning, but also the ideas…

Croft, Alison

2010-01-01

76

A Prospective Study of the Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Bacteraemia in Bangladeshi Children with Severe Malnutrition and Pneumonia Including an Evaluation of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay  

PubMed Central

Background Severe malnutrition is a risk factor for pneumonia due to a wide range of pathogens but aetiological data are limited and the role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is uncertain. Methods We prospectively investigated severely malnourished young children (<5 years) with radiological pneumonia admitted over a 15-month period. Investigations included blood culture, sputa for microscopy and mycobacterial culture. Xpert MTB/RIF assay was introduced during the study. Study children were followed for 12 weeks following their discharge from the hospital. Results 405 eligible children were enrolled, with a median age of 10 months. Bacterial pathogens were isolated from blood culture in 18 (4.4%) children, of which 72% were Gram negatives. Tuberculosis was confirmed microbiologically in 7% (27/396) of children that provided sputum - 10 by culture, 21 by Xpert MTB/RIF assay, and 4 by both tests. The diagnostic yield from induced sputum was 6% compared to 3.5% from gastric aspirate. Sixty (16%) additional children had tuberculosis diagnosed clinically that was not microbiologically confirmed. Most confirmed tuberculosis cases did not have a positive contact history or positive tuberculin test. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared to culture was 67% (95% CI: 24–94) and 92% (95% CI: 87–95) respectively. Overall case-fatality rate was 17% and half of the deaths occurred in home following discharge from the hospital. Conclusion and Significance TB was common in severely malnourished Bangladeshi children with pneumonia. X-pert MTB/RIF assay provided higher case detection rate compared to sputum microscopy and culture. The high mortality among the study children underscores the need for further research aimed at improved case detection and management for better outcomes. PMID:24695758

Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer; Graham, Stephen M.; Duke, Trevor; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Ashraf, Hasan; Faruque, Abu Syed Golam; La Vincente, Sophie; Banu, Sayera; Raqib, Rubhana; Salam, Mohammed Abdus

2014-01-01

77

Gestures in Prelinguistic Turkish Children with Autism, Down Syndrome, and Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine gesture use in Turkish children with autism, Down syndrome, and typically developing children. Participants included 30 children in three groups: Ten children with Down syndrome, ten children with autism between 24-60 months of age, and ten typically developing children between 12-18 months of age.…

Toret, Gokhan; Acarlar, Funda

2011-01-01

78

[Violence against children].  

PubMed

The Convention of Human Rights defines violence as "all forms of physical or mental violence, injury and abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse". Violence against children cuts across boundaries of geography, race, class, religion and culture. It occurs in homes, schools and streets ; in places of work and entertainment, and in care and detention centers. Perpetrators include parents, family members, teachers, caretakers, law enforcement authorities and other children. Some children are particularly vulnerable because of gender, race, ethnic origin, disability or social status. And no country is immune, whether rich or poor. Although the consequences of violence for children may vary according to its nature and severity, the short- and long-term repercussions are very often grave and damaging. Violence may result in greater susceptibility to lifelong social, emotional, and cognitive impairments and to health-risk behaviors, such as substance abuse and early initiation of sexual behavior. Governments are ultimately responsible for the protection of children. It is therefore up to governments to act now, to fulfill their human rights obligations and other commitments, to ensure the protection of children from all forms of violence. Violence against children is never justifiable. Nor is it inevitable. After providing a global picture of violence against children, we propose recommendations to prevent and respond to this issue. PMID:17966730

Daher, Michel

2007-01-01

79

Helping Young Children Manage Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the common symptoms of stress exhibited by young children including: (1) social or behavioral; (2) physical; (3) emotional; (4) cognitive; and (5) language. Addresses causes of stress, which typically represent change, fear, or loss in children. Offers strategies for easing children's stress including muscle relaxation, deep breathing,…

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

80

Sexism in Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's literature in India was assessed for sexism by means of five categories: story content, illustrations, language, role identification, and relational themes. The checklist and categories are included. (Author/DB)

Mistry, Veena R.; Arora, Chandra

1979-01-01

81

Children with Brittle Bones.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special help given to children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (brittle bone disease) is described, including adapted equipment to allow for writing and use of a classroom assistant to aid participation in a regular classroom. (CL)

Alston, Jean

1982-01-01

82

The Children of Yesterday.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an introduction to children's history. The remaining articles are devoted to children's history. Provides general guidelines for teaching children about children's history and shows, in four photographs, American children from the 1800s with their tricycles, toy baby carriages, and dolls. (JDH)

Downey, Matthew T.

1986-01-01

83

Afghanistan Children in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on the well-being of children in Afghanistan, details the work of the Save the Children organization in helping Afghan children and families, and discusses what is currently needed to meet the urgent health and safety needs of Afghan children. It is noted that 25 percent of children die before their fifth birthday,…

Save the Children, Westport, CT.

84

Children and Grief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's grief differs from adults' grief. Rituals like funerals or memorial services can help children accept the finality of death. Intervention programs with counseling and play therapy for grieving children can be very helpful. Teachers must become informed about handling death to help children cope. A sidebar discusses how to help children

Christian, Linda Garris

1997-01-01

85

Typhoid Fever in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifty cases of typhoid in infants and young children are reported. In children over 5 years of age the features resembled those in adults, but in those under this age they were often nonspecific including fever, convulsions, diarrhoea, and vomiting. Attention is drawn to the importance of a blood culture in anaemic afebrile children who develop rigors

T. O. Mulligan

1971-01-01

86

The Immigrant Children of Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina displaced the largest number of public school children ever affected by any disaster. Approximately 370,000 children, including 15,000 Latino/Hispanic children from Louisiana, were scattered throughout the 48 U.S. states (Landrieu, 2010; Louisiana Department of Education, 2004). Although much of the media…

Reyes, Augustina H.

2010-01-01

87

Children. Traffic Safety Facts, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the incidence of U.S. motor vehicle-related accidents and fatalities involving children. Data include: (1) total traffic fatalities among children 0-14 years old, by age group, 1990-2000; (2) total pedestrian fatalities among children 0-14 years old, by age group, 1990-2000; (3) total pedalcyclist…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

88

Traffic Safety Facts, 2001: Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the incidence of U.S. motor vehicle-related accidents and fatalities involving children. Data include: (1) total traffic fatalities among children 0-14 years old, by age group, 1991-2001; (2) total pedestrian fatalities among children 0-14 years old, by age group, 1991-2001; (3) total pedalcyclist…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

89

The Future of Children: Children and Computer Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Future of Children is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. The purpose of the site is "to promote effective policies and programs for children" by providing information and research findings. Available from this website is the journal of Children and Computer Technology, which focuses on children's use of computer technology both in school and at home. The articles "summarize the knowledge and research available on how the use of computers affects children's development, whether it increases or decreases the disparities between rich and poor, and whether it can be used effectively to enhance learning." The site describes "promising examples of computer use" and offers recommendations to improve children's access to computers. Other sections include a review of Federal Programs to Increase Children's Access to Educational Technology, a survey on What Children Think About Computers, and a glossary which gives definitions for selected terms and acronyms.

90

Problematic lesions in children.  

PubMed

Melanoma in childhood is rare, and appears more commonly either in association with a preexisting (congenital) nevus, or with spitzoid features than de novo. Thus, problematic melanocytic lesions in children are essentially represented by congenital nevi and Spitz nevi that can be regarded as melanoma precursors and melanoma simulators, respectively. As a consequence, clinical and dermoscopic features of melanoma in children differ from those in an adult population. Herein we describe common clinical and dermoscopic features of problematic lesions in children, focusing on congenital and Spitz/Reed nevi, and including other problematic lesions, such as atypical, blue, acral, and scalp nevi. PMID:24075543

Moscarella, Elvira; Piccolo, Vincenzo; Argenziano, Giuseppe; Lallas, Aimilios; Longo, Caterina; Castagnetti, Fabio; Pizzigoni, Stefania; Zalaudek, Iris

2013-10-01

91

Children and Dietary Supplements  

MedlinePLUS

... for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Children and Dietary Supplements September 2012 Research has shown that many children ... about external links More About Children and Dietary Supplements What the Science Says Other Clinical Digests Subscriptions ...

92

Asthma in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... have asthma. Nearly 9 million of them are children. Children have smaller airways than adults, which makes asthma especially serious for them. Children with asthma may experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, ...

93

Kidney Stones in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Titles : Kidney Stones in Children Kidney Stones in Children On this page: What is a kidney stone? ... the ureters. [ Top ] Are kidney stones common in children? No exact information about the incidence of kidney ...

94

The effect of complex training on the children with all of the deformities including forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of complex training on children with the deformities including forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis. The complex training program was performed for 6 month three times per week. The complex training improved posture as measured by forward head angle (FHA), forward shoulder angle (FSA), and angle between anterior superior iliac spine and posterior superior iliac spine (APA). In the present results, complex training might overcome vertebral deformity through decreasing forward head, rounded shoulder posture, and lumbar lordosis and increasing flexibility in the children. PMID:25061597

Park, Hae-Chan; Kim, Yang-Soo; Seok, Sang-Hun; Lee, Soo-Kyung

2014-06-01

95

Children's storytelling technologies 1 Running head: CHILDREN'S STORYTELLING TECHNOLOGIES  

E-print Network

Children's storytelling technologies 1 Running head: CHILDREN'S STORYTELLING TECHNOLOGIES Children technologies for young children. We would particularly like to acknowledge Benjamin Bederson and Juan Pablo the Royal Institute of #12;Children's storytelling technologies 2 Technology for their project leadership

Golbeck, Jennifer

96

Continuing Spanish in Grade Five: MLA Teacher's Guide. A Course of Study Including Methods, Materials, and Aids for Teaching Conversational Spanish to Fifth-Grade Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third volume in a series of texts in a conversational Spanish course for elementary school children. Nine basic units present introductory linguistic patterns and cultural insights into the lives of the Spanish people. They include: (1) Review Unit 1, ("Cristobal Colon"), (2) Review Unit 2, (3) "Un Accidente,""La Navidad," and…

Thompson, Mary P.; And Others

97

Tibial fractures in children  

PubMed Central

Background Tibial fracture is the third most common long-bone fracture in children. Traditionally, most tibial fractures in children have been treated non-operatively, but there are no long-term results. Methods 94 children (64 boys) were treated for a tibial fracture in Aurora City Hospital during the period 1980–89 but 20 could not be included in the study. 58 of the remaining 74 patients returned a written questionnaire and 45 attended a follow-up examination at mean 27 (23–32) years after the fracture. Results 89 children had been treated by manipulation under anesthesia and cast-immobilization, 4 by skeletal traction, and 1 with pin fixation. 41 fractures had been re-manipulated. The mean length of hospital stay was 5 (1–26) days. Primary complications were recorded in 5 children. The childrens’ memories of treatment were positive in two-thirds of cases. The mean subjective VAS score (range 0–10) for function appearance was 9. Leg-length discrepancy (5–10 mm) was found clinically in 10 of 45 subjects and rotational deformities exceeding 20° in 4. None of the subjects walked with a limp. None had axial malalignment exceeding 10°. Osteoarthritis of the hip and/or knee was seen in radiographs from 2 subjects. Interpretation The long-term outcome of tibial fractures in children treated non-operatively is generally good. PMID:24786903

Palmu, Sauli A; Auro, Sampo; Lohman, Martina; Paukku, Reijo T; Peltonen, Jari I; Nietosvaara, Yrjana

2014-01-01

98

Children's Television in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)

Murray, John P.

1978-01-01

99

Contact Allergy in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Contact allergy in children is more frequent than previously suspected. Certain contactants are characteristic of children\\u000a and may be responsible for unusual clinical presentations. Metals (jewelry, mobile phones), ingredients of pharmaceutical\\u000a and cosmetic products, para-phenylenediamine in tattoos, rubber additives (in shoes, toys, diapers, sports equipment, and\\u000a so on), plastics, resins (including those used in glues, orthopedic devices, electronic devices), and

Marie-Anne Morren; An Goossens

100

Phonological coding and children’s spelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to predict children’s spelling from their performance on pseudohomophone choice and rhyme matching\\u000a tasks. A total of 222 nine- to twelve-year-old children in grades 4, 5, and 6 participated. The children were given, individually,\\u000a a computerized pseudohomophone choice task with 30 item pairs in two conditions, and a computerized rhyme matching task with\\u000a 68

Che Kan Leong

1999-01-01

101

Young children’s understanding of love  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is surprising that the central role ascribed to love in the development of young children did not suffice to trigger research\\u000a into the question of how young children understand the concept of love. The present study was based on interviews with 200\\u000a children in 5 groups ranging in age from 2.6 to 6 years. The children were clinically interviewed

Pnina S. Klein

1989-01-01

102

Young children's explorations: young children's research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Exploration' is recognised as research behaviour; anecdotally, as an early years' teacher, I witnessed many young children exploring. However, young children's self-initiated explorations are rarely regarded as research by adult researchers and policy-makers. The exclusion of young children's autonomous explorations from recognition as research conflicts with ‘new sociology’ perspectives positioning children as social actors. These tensions have driven a small-scale

Jane Murray

2012-01-01

103

Young children's explorations: young children's research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Exploration' is recognised as research behaviour; anecdotally, as an early years' teacher, I witnessed many young children exploring. However, young children's self-initiated explorations are rarely regarded as research by adult researchers and policy-makers. The exclusion of young children's autonomous explorations from recognition as research conflicts with ‘new sociology’ perspectives positioning children as social actors. These tensions have driven a small-scale

Jane Murray

2011-01-01

104

"Twilight Children": The Street Children of Johannesburg.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed approximately 25 street children in Johannesburg, South Africa, and social services and educational personnel providing services to these children. Street children had experienced stress within their family, school, and society. Many came from structurally disadvantaged homes. Approximately 90 percent were identified as learning…

Hickson, Joyce; Gaydon, Vanessa

1989-01-01

105

The Children's Ombudsman: A Spokesman for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The office of the Ombudsman for Swedish children, established within Radda Barnen (The Swedish Save the Children Fund) is occupied by five persons. Three of the staff are children's ombudsmen, one is an immigrant consultant, and one is a refugee consultant. The work of the ombudsman has six core aspects. First, attempts are made to strengthen the…

Carlsson, Bo

106

Food advertising on children’s television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research investigates the changes in the types of advertised food products and the use of nutritional versus consumer appeals in children’s advertising from 2000 to 2005. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Content Analysis. Findings – Results indicate that food processors and restaurants have not changed their advertising messages to children in response to the multitude of pressures the industry is

Jill Kurp Maher; John B. Lord; Renée Shaw Hughner; Nancy M. Childs

2006-01-01

107

Public Policy and Children’s Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television occupies a large part of children’s time from an early age. Among its many functions, education, social learning (prosocial as well as antisocial), and selling products are well documented by research evidence. Commercial programming for children in the United States consists primarily of cartoons and entertainment shows; educational and informative programs are supplied by public broadcasting and, to some

Aletha C. Huston; Bruce A. Watkins; Dale Kunkel

1989-01-01

108

Young Children's Explorations: Young Children's Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Exploration" is recognised as research behaviour; anecdotally, as an early years' teacher, I witnessed many young children exploring. However, young children's self-initiated explorations are rarely regarded as research by adult researchers and policy-makers. The exclusion of young children's autonomous explorations from recognition as research…

Murray, Jane

2012-01-01

109

Matching preschool children's and teachers' cognitive styles.  

PubMed

The study examined the significance of matching the cognitive styles of 3-, 4-, and 5-yr.-old preschool children and their teachers. 150 female teachers and their children were administered several instruments to measure cognitive style, intelligence, and the teachers' assessment of their classroom children. They included the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Articulation of the Body-concept Scale, and Teachers' Ranking Form. Analysis indicated that teachers assessed their matched and mismatched children's relative standing on a standardized test differently by age. For 3-yr.-olds, field-dependent teachers underestimated their mismatched children more than their other children, while field-independent teachers underestimated their matched children more. Teachers of 4-yr.-old children overestimated all children. For 5-yr.-olds, field-dependent teachers assessed their mismatched children more negatively than their matched children, while field-independent teachers assessed their mismatched children more positively than the field-dependent teachers. PMID:8022699

Saracho, O N; Spodek, B

1994-04-01

110

Understanding Children's Drawings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's art not only provides a window to children's problems, it also gives them another language with which to share feelings and ideas. This book provides an overview of the multidimensional aspects of children's drawings, and is intended to assist therapists in working with children and their drawings. Chapter 1 discusses projective tests…

Malchiodi, Cathy A.

111

Children with Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All children, even the healthiest, have preventive and acute health care needs. Moreover, a growing number of children are chronically ill, with preventive, acute, and ongoing care needs that may be much more demanding than those for healthy children. Because children are unable to care for themselves, their parents are expected to provide a range…

Schuster, Mark A.; Chung, Paul J.; Vestal, Katherine D.

2011-01-01

112

Children at War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes experiences of children and adolescents in South Africa who have been subjected to the violence of the apartheid state. Discusses detention of children and torture and assault of detained children. Against this backdrop, explores the effects of violence on children, psychological trauma, counseling interventions, and applications of…

Hickson, Joyce

1992-01-01

113

ASI CHILDREN'S CELEBRATING  

E-print Network

ASI CHILDREN'S CENTER CELEBRATING INTERNATIONAL MUD DAY! #12;THIS YEAR, THE CHILDREN'S CENTER TOOK NATURE ACTION COLLABORATIVE FOR CHILDREN AS A WAY TO CELEBRATE THE OUTDOORS, NATURE, AND THE JOY://WORLDFORUMFOUNDATION.OR G/WF/WP/INITIATIVES/NATURE- ACTION-COLLABORATIVE-FOR- CHILDREN/INTERNATIONAL-MUD-DAY- 2011/ #12;THE

de Lijser, Peter

114

Facilitating Children's Grief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program of education and support is essential for children and their parent or adult caregivers when the children have experienced the death of a significant person. Children need guidance on how to deal with their profound feelings of grief. The purpose of this article is to give school nurses the ability to help children face the strange new…

Riely, Marsha

2003-01-01

115

Handedness in autistic children.  

PubMed

A test of handedness in a sample of 20 autistic children and 25 normal children revealed marked differences. The frequency of non-right-handedness in normal children was 12%, whereas it was 65% in autistic children. The significance of this difference for the etiology of autism is discussed. PMID:576603

Colby, K M; Parkison, C

1977-03-01

116

Children's Hospital Medical Center  

E-print Network

WherryHall Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC Holmes CHMC CHMC Children's HospitalUNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center Hoxworth Blood Center ShrinersHospital forChildren Shriners Garage Cincinnati Dept of Health Logan

Papautsky, Ian

117

Children's Suicidal Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's suicidal behavior is surrounded by controversy with no single theory to explain or assess vulnerable children. Since accidents are the leading cause of death among children it is possible that some of these deaths are suicides. Beliefs by parents and professionals that children are not capable of suicidal behavior are being disproved as…

Patros, Philip G.; Shamoo, Tonia K.

118

Children of Incarcerated Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The arrest and imprisonment of a parent is significant trauma for children, and children of incarcerated parents are at high risk for juvenile delinquency. This book for social workers, psychologists, and others who work with children whose parents are incarcerated examines parental incarceration, its impact on children, care and placement of…

Gabel, Katherine, Ed.; Johnston, Denise, Ed.

119

Law, psychology, and children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society's treatment of children and families is guided by the premises that children lack the ability and\\/or the capacity to be autonomous directors of their own lives and that the private autonomous family is best suited to provide for the best interests of children. These premises are based on two assumptions: (a) that parents will act in their children's best

N. Dickon Reppucci; Catherine A. Crosby

1993-01-01

120

Headache in children's drawings.  

PubMed

Headache is a common health problem in childhood. Children's drawings are helpful in the diagnosis of headache type. Children, especially younger ones, communicate better through pictures than verbally. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the usefulness of drawings of the child's headache in the diagnostic process carried out by a pediatrician and a pediatric neurologist. At the beginning of a visit in a neurological clinic, or on the first day of hospitalization, the child was asked, "Please draw your headache," or "How do you feel your headache?" without any additional explanations or suggestions. Clinical diagnosis of headache type was made on the basis of the standard diagnostic evaluation. For the purpose of this study, children's headaches were categorized as migraine, tension-type headache, or "the others." One hundred twenty-four drawings of children with headaches were analyzed by 8 pediatricians and 8 pediatric neurologists. The analysts were unaware of the clinical history, age, sex, and diagnosis of the patients. The clinical diagnosis was considered the "gold standard" to which the headache drawing diagnosis was compared. There were 68 girls 5-18 years of age and 56 boys 7-18 years of age. Of the 124 children, 40 were clinically diagnosed with migraine (32.2%), 47 with tension-type headache (37.9%), and 37 (29.8%) as the others. Children with migraine most frequently draw sharp elements. Children with tension-type headache mainly drew compression elements and pressing elements. In the group of "the other" headaches, 21 children were diagnosed with somatoform disorders. The most frequent element in this group's drawings was a whirl in the head. Colors used most frequently were black and red, which signify severe pain. There was no difference in sensitivity of diagnoses between neurologists and pediatricians. Because the evaluation of drawings by children with headaches done both by pediatricians and pediatric neurologists was correct for approximately half of the children, the authors decided to prepare a set of test pictures, including characteristic presentations of pain. Preparing a ready set of test drawings may facilitate differentiation for the inexperienced doctors and encourage those children who refuse to draw. PMID:18263755

Wojaczy?ska-Stanek, Katarzyna; Koprowski, Robert; Wróbel, Zygmunt; Gola, Ma?gorzata

2008-02-01

121

Uganda: stolen children, stolen lives.  

PubMed

This news article discusses conditions in Uganda due to the 12-year war that jeopardize the health and well-being of children. Since 1995 the rebel Sudan-backed Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has secured new recruits to add to their diminishing numbers by abducting children. As many as 8000 children, ages 11 years and older, have been appropriated in the war effort. The children are abducted, trained as soldiers, and forced to commit brutal crimes and murders. Abducted girls are held as sex slaves and forced to marry. Those children who manage to escape need special psychological and medical interventions during their integration back into normal life. World Vision Uganda and Gulu Support the Children Organization (GUSCO) have set up psychosocial counseling programs to help these children overcome their traumatic experiences. The programs offer the children vocational training, trauma counseling, and reintegration into their families. Children return to their families within 3-6 weeks. The large number of children in need has resulted in difficult follow-up and lack of long-term support. The GUSCO reception center houses about 100 children, 15% of whom are girls. The philosophy of recovery is based on the view that 1) the children are survivors with individual resources and not sick victims; and 2) most of the children will experience a healing process when given protection and understanding. GUSCO uses a community participatory approach that includes children in decision-making and relies on local traditions. The psychosocial supportive environment helps children re-establish self-esteem, trust with other people, and a civilian identity. GUSCO works with families, local groups, teachers, and authorities. Reintegration follow-up occurs after 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. The international community should put pressure on Sudan to end its support of the LRA. PMID:9482324

Omona, G; Matheson, K E

1998-02-01

122

Prospective Relations between Parental Depression, Negative Expressiveness, Emotional Insecurity, and Children’s Internalizing Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Building on the conceptual framework of emotional security theory (EST) [1], this study longitudinally examined multiple factors linking parental depressive symptoms and child internalizing symptoms. Participants were 235 children (106 boys, 129 girls) and their cohabiting parents. Assessments included mothers’ and fathers’ depressive symptoms when children were in kindergarten, parents’ negative expressiveness when children were in first grade, children’s emotional insecurity one year later, and children’s internalizing symptoms in kindergarten and second grade. Findings revealed both mothers’ and fathers’ depressive symptoms were related to changes in children’s internalizing symptoms as a function of parents’ negative emotional expressiveness and children’s emotional insecurity. In addition to these similar pathways, distinctive pathways as a function of parental gender were identified. Contributions are considered for understanding relations between parental depressive symptoms and children’s development. PMID:23371814

Cummings, E. Mark; Cheung, Rebecca Y. M.; Davies, Patrick T.

2013-01-01

123

Facsimiles of Historical Children’s Books  

E-print Network

THERECOGNITION OF CHILDREN’S literature as a legitimate field of study and the popular interest in nostalgia have created a demand for quality reproductions of early children’s books and related materials. Facsimiles have made it possible for libraries with limited budgets to support scholarly research in children’s literature by providing access to these books, many of which are rare, often unusual and sometimes unique, “their devastating little owners having secured that eminence for them.”l Previously, the only solution was to buy an original. The cost and scarcity of original works limit their usefulness primarily to collectors, but facsimiles have made it possible for “anyone interested in the development of writing and publishing for children to get a clearer idea of what the books were actually like.”2 While publishers ’ catalogs and bibliographies of early children’s book collections are valuable tools for the study of historical children’s literature, they provide a fragmented approach to a work rather than the opportunity “to consider each book as a whole or gauge the total impact it must have had when it first appeared.’’* Printing of facsimiles is but one type of reprint publishing, and is defined here as an exact reproduction in its entirety of the text of a work. Reproduced by mechanical or photomechanical processes, these facsimiles appear in a variety of formats ranging from microform to both paperback and hardcover books. Not all facsimiles, however, limit themselves to the reproduction of the texts; some attempt to imitate, as closely as possible, the general appearance of the original work. There are two categories of facsimiles of historical children’s books Ina Robertson and Agnes Stahlschmidt are doctoral students at the University of

Ina Robertson; Agnes Stahlschmidt

124

Search for Special Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the Indiana Department of Public Instruction's Childfind program to identify and locate all handicapped children ages 0 to 21 within the state. Sections are devoted to the following program aspects: Planning (including interagency involvement, preliminary market research, and manpower organization and planning); execution (including

Peterson, Pam; Clark, Bob

125

What Children Can Teach Us: Developing Digital Libraries for Children with Children  

E-print Network

What Children Can Teach Us: Developing Digital Libraries for Children with Children Allison Druin Children Can Teach Us 2 Abstract At the University of Maryland, an interdisciplinary team of researchers children (ages 7-11) to design new digital libraries for children. Working with children has led to new

Golbeck, Jennifer

126

Experiences of daycare children of divorce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that children of divorce are at risk of adjustment problems and school problems. In previous studies of young children of divorce, most often parents or teachers have supplied data. In this study, we explore the children's own feelings and experiences through Q methodology with visual images. The study includes 17 children of divorce and 20 living with both

Ingunn Størksen; Arlene Arstad Thorsen; Klara Øverland; Steven R. Brown

2012-01-01

127

Experiences of daycare children of divorce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that children of divorce are at risk of adjustment problems and school problems. In previous studies of young children of divorce, most often parents or teachers have supplied data. In this study, we explore the children's own feelings and experiences through Q methodology with visual images. The study includes 17 children of divorce and 20 living with both

Ingunn Størksen; Arlene Arstad Thorsen; Klara Øverland; Steven R. Brown

2011-01-01

128

Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this chapter is to review research literature concerning children of gay and lesbian parents. The review includes studies that compared children of lesbian mothers to children of heterosexual mothers on gender identity, gender role, sexual orientation, and varying aspects of psychological health and adjustment. Experiences and perceptions of children of gay fathers are also reviewed. The author's

Julie Schwartz Gottman

1989-01-01

129

Children's Rights under Siege in Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the problem of police violence against street children in Guatemala. Includes details of cases, the problems of street children, and the work of Covenant House in trying to help and protect children. Argues that only education about human rights can obtain and preserve rights for children. (DK)

Harris, Bruce

1992-01-01

130

Sexual Abuse Of Children  

PubMed Central

Increasing emphasis is being placed on the identification and management of sexual abuse in children. Family physicians have a role to play in identifying and treating these children. Some common myths about sexual abuse are that assaults are made mostly by strangers, that sexual abuse is rare, and that there's nothing wrong with sex between adults and children. Indicators in the child may be physical or behavioral. In the family, indicators include fathers with low self-esteem, poor relationships with wives, tendency to be domineering and restrictive, and mothers who are passive. Immediate and longterm intervention includes legal, protective and treatment components. The essential factors in successful intervention are belief in the child's disclosure; communication of that belief to the child; and immediate protection of the child and siblings. PMID:21286177

Herbert, Carol P.

1982-01-01

131

Conflict management in young children’s play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood education traditionally encompasses the development of social competence. Our instructional decisions presuppose\\u000a a knowledge of the children’s social skills. Dramatic play in kindergarten classrooms provides a naturalistic context for\\u000a the empirical investigation of social skills which include conflict management. Examples of diverse strategies in conflict\\u000a de-escalation are presented. The skill and perserverance of the children demonstrate their social

Susan J. Ditchburn

1988-01-01

132

ChildrensCentralCali  

Cancer.gov

Children’s Hospital Central California is excited to announce a new clinical opportunity due to the expansion of our Pediatric Psychology department. Children’s Hospital Central California is a 354 bed not-for-profit, state-of-the-art free standing Children’s Hospital. As a vital member of our Pediatric Psychology team the primary focus of this position will be on providing consultation-liaison services to our various medical inpatient units. There will also be opportunities for providing assessment and therapy services for our subspecialty clinics.

133

Children's Desire for Perioperative Information  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this investigation was to identify what perioperative information children want to be given by the medical staff. Methods As a first step we developed an instrument based on a qualitative study conducted with children in Great Britain, input from a focus group, and input from school children. On the day of surgery, 143 children aged 7-17 years old completed a 40-item assessment of desired surgical information and a measure of anxiety (STAIC). Parents completed a measure assessing their child’s temperament (EASI), and a measure of their own anxiety (STAI). Results Results indicated that the vast majority of children had a desire for comprehensive information about their surgery, including information about pain and anesthesia, as well as procedural information and information about potential complications. The most highly endorsed items by children involved information about pain. Children who were more anxious endorsed a stronger desire for pain information and lesser tendency to avoid information. Younger children wanted to know what the perioperative environment would look like more than adolescent children. Conclusions We conclude that the majority of children aged 7-17 years old who undergo surgery want to be given comprehensive perioperative information and healthcare providers should ensure adequate information regarding postoperative pain is provided. PMID:19762736

Fortier, Michelle A.; Chorney, Jill MacLaren; Rony, Rachel Yaffa Zisk; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Rinehart, Joseph B.; Camilon, Felizardo S.; Kain, Zeev N.

2010-01-01

134

Papular urticaria in children.  

PubMed

Papular urticaria is a common pruritic hypersensitivity reaction to the bites of insects of many different types, including fleas, mosquitoes, chiggers, and, more rarely, avian or rodent mites. Which particular insect is the cause varies with geographic location. In San Francisco, children with papular urticaria due to flea bites are part of dermatologic practice year round. With its relatively warm winters and wet, foggy summers, San Francisco is an environment where fleas thrive, and their bites afflict children at day care centers and park playgrounds, as well as in homes with pets. We review the clinical approach to papular urticaria in general, and focus on flea bite prevention and management. PMID:8806128

Howard, R; Frieden, I J

1996-01-01

135

Primary thrombocytosis in children  

PubMed Central

Myeloproliferative neoplasms are uncommon disorders in children, for which we have limited understanding of the pathogenesis and optimal management. JAK2 and MPL mutations, while common drivers of myeloproliferative neoplasms in adult patients, are not clearly linked to pediatric disease. Management and clinical outcomes in adults have been well delineated with defined recommendations for risk stratification and treatment. This is not the case for pediatric patients, for whom there is neither a standard approach to workup nor any consensus regarding management. This review will discuss thrombocytosis in children, including causes of thrombocytosis in children, the limited knowledge we have regarding pediatric primary thrombocytosis, and our thoughts on potential risk stratification and management, and future questions to be answered by laboratory research and collaborative clinical study. PMID:24688110

Kucine, Nicole; Chastain, Katherine M.; Mahler, Michelle B.; Bussel, James B.

2014-01-01

136

[Asthma in children].  

PubMed

Asthma is the most common chronic condition in paediatrics. Nowadays the prevalence is of multi-factorial origin. Clinical symptoms in children are often deceptive (isolated cough, winter bronchitis, caused by effort) often to the point of delaying diagnosis. This depends on a network of clinical arguments established by indispensable complementary investigations (thoracic plate and exploration of respiratory function). Search for atopy is systematic whatever the age of the child. Therapeutic care includes educative programmes for both children and their parents. Basal treatment is necessary when the asthma is persistent. Recourse must be made to drugs of which the type and dosage vary according to the state of development. Inhaled corticosteroid is often indicated for a prolonged period. Indications for specific desensitization are now well codified. The concern cases where the allergy has a significant impact on the development of the asthma. Individualised reception plans give a better integration of asthmatic children into school. PMID:11209471

Labbé, A

2000-12-01

137

Pain syndromes in children.  

PubMed

The pediatric rheumatologist cares for children who may have a wide variety of causes of musculoskeletal pain. These include such diverse conditions as arthritis, low-back pain, hypermobility, metabolic bone pain, and amplified pain syndromes such as complex regional pain syndrome and fibromyalgia. This review examines the recent literature on these and other conditions causing musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents. Overall, headway is being made, but differentiating soma from psyche remains a problem. This is perhaps due to the marked and unique effect pain brings to each of us. Children are different from adults in causes, presentations, and outcome. Vigilance in history, physical examination, and judicious use of laboratory investigations are usually sufficient in establishing a diagnosis, as well as an appreciation for the variety of presentations each condition can manifest. PMID:11123080

Sherry, D D

2000-08-01

138

PTSD in Children and Teens  

MedlinePLUS

... code here Enter ZIP code here PTSD in Children and Teens PTSD in Children and Teens This fact sheet provides an overview ... Role of Attachment . What events cause PTSD in children? Children and teens could have PTSD if they ...

139

Children's Views on Quality Standards for Children's Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending a recent study of the standards mothers apply in evaluating the quality of children's programs (Nikken et al., 1996), this study investigated the standards children between 9 and 12 years of age (N = 427) use to evaluate the quality of four types of children's programs: children's news programs, educational programs for children, dramatic programs for children, and cartoons.

Peter Nikken

1997-01-01

140

Children, media and consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports a five-year Danish study into levels of consumer socialisation among children, showing how they have been affected by new and proliferating communications media; issues include their spending and saving abilities, brand awareness, media use, interests and activities, while advertising was examined in relation to consumer socialisation. Outlines the methods of this research, which consists of qualitative and quantitative data

Birgitte Tufte

2003-01-01

141

Action for Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins, development, and effectiveness of Action for Children's Television (ACT) are examined in this pamphlet. The strategies used by ACT to obtain change at the congressional level and within television stations and networks include the following: a "tuneout" day when people are urged to turn off their television sets, a boycott of certain…

Ranly, Donald P.

142

Rivers and Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reviews children's books on rivers, providing a brief synopsis, commentary on photos, diagrams, charts, as well as text. Recommends appropriate grade and reading levels, suggests how to use the books in the classroom, provides questions to stimulate discussion, suggests activities that prep for or follow-up books. Includes publisher, publication date, and ISBN, and links where books are available.

143

Bibliographies of Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated guide is designed to provide assistance in the identification of resources useful in locating books about various subjects related to children or appropriate for various grade levels. The 17 sections include entries for 86 books and articles in and about the following areas: general subjects/all grade levels; best book lists;…

Wilke, Janet Stoeger, Comp.

144

Back pain in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Pay attention to back pain reported by children. Half will have a specific or serious cause, the presenting symptoms of serious conditions may be misleadingly mild, and the spectrum of causes and mode of presentation differ from adults. Warning features include onset aged < 4 yr, symptoms persisting beyond 4 weeks, interference with function, systemic features, worsening pain, neurological

P. HOLLINGWORTH

1996-01-01

145

Acromioclavicular lesions in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the followup of 25 children who were thought to have complete acromioclaviular joint dislocations. The patients were from 5 to 16 years old at the time of injury. Followup ranged between one and nine years. All were treated surgically.Various methods of stabilization were used, includ ing transfixing the acromioclavicular joint with pins or a Bosworth screw

Dan K. Eidman; Sherwin J. Siff; Hugh S. Tullos

1981-01-01

146

Children at Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet examines findings from the Vermont Child Development Project (VCPD) concerning the identification of and intervention with preschool children at risk for behavior disorders. It is explained that the VCPD includes epidemiological surveys, high risk family studies, intervention studies, and a follow-along survey. Provided is an example…

Isenstein, Vivian R.; Krasner, William

147

Start with the Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to raise issues and promote discussion about learning environments that go beyond traditionally delivered instructional systems. Topics addressed include: delivering high quality education to all children, from infancy to adulthood; changing the role of the teacher; lifelong learning; and improving educational quality.…

Converso, Judy

2000-01-01

148

Books for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes 27 children's books, 15 of which are fiction, and 12 nonfiction. Of the nonfiction books, three discuss historical topics and nine cover nature-related topics such as rainforests, the ocean floor, snakes and other animals, and rural farm life. (SM)

Hildebrand, Joan M.

1993-01-01

149

Developing Children's Literary Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Malay literary materials and resources for early childhood in Malaysia are still in the infant stage and have not been expanded to include the main references or developed into big book form. The children literature in our market is not published based on educational philosophy and research, but it is produced based on profit. The process of…

Peng, Chew Fong

2012-01-01

150

Favourite objects of autistic children.  

PubMed

Favourite objects (FOs) of autistic children were compared with the FOs of healthy preschool and school children as well as mentally handicapped children. Three clusters of objects were obtained for normal children (comprising primary transitional objects and their forerunners, secondary transitional objects, and non-cuddly toys). When autistic children and mentally handicapped children were included, a fourth cluster of deviant objects was found. Frequency distributions of the two handicapped groups in the clusters were similar. Similarities between the two handicapped groups were also found within each cluster. The occurrence of secondary transitional objects was rare in the handicapped groups. The characteristics of "autistic" FOs reported in earlier case studies (e.g. being hard, often having an exciting effect, not being used in their adequate functions) were typical only of objects in the fourth cluster. PMID:8378753

Jonsson, C O; Sjöswärd, E

1993-09-01

151

Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders in Children  

PubMed Central

The most common and challenging gastrointestinal motility disorders in children include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophageal achalasia, gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and constipation. GERD is the most common gastrointestinal motility disorder affecting children and is diagnosed clinically and treated primarily with acid secretion blockade. Esophageal achalasia, a less common disorder in the pediatric patient population, is characterized by dysphagia and treated with pneumatic balloon dilation and/or esophagomyotomy. Gastroparesis and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction are poorly characterized in children and are associated with significant morbidity. Constipation is among the most common complaints in children and is associated with significant morbidity as well as poor quality of life. Data on epidemiology and outcomes, clinical trials, and evaluation of new diagnostic techniques are needed to better diagnose and treat gastrointestinal motility disorders in children. We present a review of the conditions and challenges related to these common gastrointestinal motility disorders in children. PMID:24799835

Ambartsumyan, Lusine

2014-01-01

152

Urinary Incontinence in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... asleep. Nighttime UI has also been associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), OSA, and anxiety. Children also may inherit ... can appear as a constant dribbling of urine. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Children with ADHD are three times more likely ...

153

Giving Medicine to Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Blood & Biologics Articulos en Espanol Giving Medicine to Children Search the Consumer Updates Section Get Consumer Updates ... Watch video in English or Spanish When young children are sick and cranky, it can be tough ...

154

Children's Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and facts Prevention and care Children's skin care Children's skin care Daily skin care for toddlers Use ... Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or higher. If child is prone to skin irritation or allergic reactions, ...

155

Tonsillectomies and children  

MedlinePLUS

Children and tonsillectomies ... many parents wonder if it is wise for children to have the tonsils taken out. Tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has any of the following: Difficulty swallowing Obstructed ...

156

Eating Disorders in Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... hand corner of the player. Eating Disorders in Children HealthDay July 25, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Eating ... Health Teen Health Transcript When it comes to children most at risk for an eating disorder, focus ...

157

Medicines and Children  

MedlinePLUS

... medication has been studied for its effects on children. It also tells you what ages have been ... counter products haven't actually been studied in children for effectiveness, safety, or dosing. When you give ...

158

Children and Clinical Studies  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Scientific Reports Technology Transfer What are Clinical Trials? Children & Clinical Studies NHLBI Trials at NIH Clinical Center ... Budget, Planning, & Legislative Advisory Committees Contact Us Home » Children and Clinical Studies Skip Navigation Contact Connect Share ...

159

Children and Dairy Chemicals  

MedlinePLUS

Children & Dairy Chemicals Chemicals used to clean dairy facilities and equipment, especially dairy pipeline cleaners, pose a special risk for children. Rapid medical assessment and treatment is critical in preventing long ...

160

Children and Social Networking  

MedlinePLUS

... content of self-expression such as art work, music and political views Developing and expressing your individual ... information see Facts for Families : Children Online #59 Music/Music Videos #40 Children and Watching TV #54 ...

161

Healthy Environments for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... OVER- POPULATED AREAS... ... WITHOUT WATER, WITHOUT ELECTRICITY, WITHOUT SANITATION AND WITHOUT ADEQUATE FOOD! THAT’S WHEN MALNUTRITION AND ... SERIOUS DISEASES. WITHOUT POTABLE WATER, SEWERAGE SYSTEMS AND SANITATION, CHILDREN’S LIVES ARE AT RISK... ... ESPECIALLY IF THEY ...

162

Dietary fat and children  

MedlinePLUS

Children and fat free diets; Fat free diet and children ... Some fat in the diet is needed for normal growth and development. However, many conditions such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes are linked to ...

163

Seasonal Allergies in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Seasonal Allergies in Children Health Issues Listen Seasonal Allergies in Children Article Body Every fall, 5-year- ... were attacking the body. When to Suspect an Allergy Some allergies are easy to identify by the ...

164

Physical Activity and Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Healthy Heart See More » Healthier Kids Our Programs Childhood Obesity What is childhood obesity? Overweight in Children BMI in Children Is Childhood Obesity an Issue in Your Home? Addressing your Child's ...

165

Children's Theatre in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, an instructor from 1979-83 at the Children's Theatre Program of the Komplex Budaya Negara (National Cultural Complex), describes how children's theatre has evolved to achieve a distinct Malaysian identity by drawing from traditional theatre forms. (PD)

Pillai, Janet

1985-01-01

166

Children and TV Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... Hundreds of studies of the effects of TV violence on children and teenagers have found that children ... become "immune" or numb to the horror of violence gradually accept violence as a way to solve ...

167

Children's Hearing Health  

MedlinePLUS

Children's Hearing Health Children's Hearing Health Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/ ... of speech and language developmental delays. Indicators for hearing loss During pregnancy Mother had German measles, a ...

168

Treating Eczema in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... lower right-hand corner of the player. Treating Eczema in Children HealthDay November 24, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Children's Health Eczema Steroids Transcript Atopic dermatitis, often called eczema, affects ...

169

Giving Medication to Children  

MedlinePLUS

... the Right Medicine and the Right Amount Giving Medication to Children Search the Consumer Updates Section Printer- ... the upper limit. back to top Q: Are medications that are intended for children clinically tested on ...

170

Equity Guideline GUIDELINES FOR CHILDREN ON CAMPUS  

E-print Network

children on campus include: · Infant feeding including breastfeeding; · Taking children to or from Early Space provided by AUSA on the City and Tamaki Campuses; · Designated spaces for breastfeeding

Auckland, University of

171

Written for Children: An Outline of English Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's prose literature in Britain is surveyed from the 17th century to the present. The main stream of this development is exemplified by an examination of the lives and works of such authors as (1) John Newbery, whose books for children include "Goody Two-Shoes" (1766), (2) Mrs. Sherwood, whose didactic books contain a moral lesson in every…

Townsend, John Rowe

172

Mapping Numerical Processing, Reading, and Executive Functions in the Developing Brain: An fMRI Meta-Analysis of 52 Studies Including 842 Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the connections from brain functions to children's cognitive development and education is a major goal of modern neuroscience. We performed the first meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data obtained over the past decade (1999-2008) on more than 800 children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive…

Houde, Olivier; Rossi, Sandrine; Lubin, Amelie; Joliot, Marc

2010-01-01

173

Dances for Children, with Children, and by Children: Looking at Recital Dance through a Lens of Children's Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers and cultural theorists Ronnberg and Mouritsen both describe three kinds of creative products in children's culture: (1) products created for children by adults, (2) with children and adults working together, and (3) by children working alone. Each kind of activity serves a different social function for children and creates a different psychological effect. This article examines children's dance through

Miriam Giguere

2011-01-01

174

Antibiotic prescriptions in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: In the year surveyed, 511270 antibiotic prescriptions in 219 257 children were identified. In all, 52.9% of children received at least one antibiotic; this percentage decreased with age, ranging from 70.4% in children 1-2 years old to 35.8% in children >11 years old. Fifty-two per cent of inhabitants under the age of 15 years were treated with systemic antibiotics

D. Resi; M. Milandri; M. L. Moro; Viale Aldo Moro

2003-01-01

175

BostonChildrens  

Cancer.gov

The Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children’s Hospital is seeking a pediatric psychologist for a full-time position in the Medical Coping Clinic.The psychologist will provide outpatient consultation and therapy for children and adolescents diagnosed with acute and chronic medical conditions.Specific training and skills in the application of cognitive-behavioral therapy with children diagnosed with medical conditions is required.

176

Cerebrovascular disorders in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cerebrovascular disorders are an important cause of mortality and chronic morbidity in children. International incidence rates\\u000a for childhood stroke (ie, from 30 days to 18 years of age) have ranged from 1.3 to 13 per 100,000 children. Ischemic stroke is probably more common\\u000a than hemorrhagic stroke in children. The clinical presentation of stroke in children varies according to age and

John Kylan Lynch

2004-01-01

177

Children and the Nintendo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four reports contained in this document examine the effects of the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), which entered the lives of many children in the United States in 1986. The first report discusses a study of children's interaction with the game hardware. The study of fourth- and fifth-grade students indicated that children's interaction…

Keller, Suzanne M.

178

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

179

Literature for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 15 articles in this journal issue deal with children's literature. Among the topics and titles discussed are (1) Virginia Hamilton's books, (2) the new realism in children's literature, (3) gender bias in children's books, (4) teaching "Where the Wild Things Are" to adults, (5) language use in "Alice in Wonderland," (6) "Mom, the Wolf Man and…

Salomone, Ronald E., Ed.

1985-01-01

180

Bereavement Support for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The death of a parent is one of the most significant and stressful events children can encounter. Surviving children may experience psychiatric problems and social dysfunction during their childhood and possibly throughout their adult lives. Children surviving a sibling's death may develop behavioral problems, because no one can fill the emptiness…

Auman, Mary Jo

2007-01-01

181

Colorado Children's Budget 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Budget is a comprehensive report on funding for children's services in Colorado. This report provides a six- year funding history for more than 50 programs funded with state, local, and federal dollars. The Colorado Children's Budget analyzes reductions in programs and services during the economic downturn. The data in the…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2005

2005-01-01

182

Children's Understanding of Rivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence from several media illustrates the ways children attempt to fit their observations into their own, known constructs. The contrast is drawn between adult concepts and children's misconceptions and the argument made that children would have more control over their learning with a "bottom-up" approach to teaching rather than the top down…

Mackintosh, Margaret

2005-01-01

183

Children, Technology, and Flowers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that as technology becomes more pervasive, it is important to ask why it can be important for children, discussing: how today's technologies offer new ways for children to socialize, how technology can empower children, and how new technologies create learning opportunities that support the "messiness" of being a child, the interactive…

Druin, Allison

2003-01-01

184

Children and Divorce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some basic principles are discussed that can help divorcing parents understand the feelings and behaviors of their children, and guidelines are suggested for parents wanting to help their children adjust to the divorce-induced changes in their lives. The process of divorce is discussed in terms of children's experience, cause and effect, and time.…

West, Suzanne E.

185

Children Writing Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, the author reveals the creative force of children's narrative imagination and shows how this develops through childhood. He provides a new and powerful understanding of the significance of narrative for children's intellectual growth and for learning and teaching. The book explores a series of real stories written by children between…

Armstrong, Michael

2006-01-01

186

Treating Loneliness in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed description of a multisensory approach to treating two major types of loneliness in children is described in this research. Learning disabled children and children who are sexually and physically abused were studied and treated with a neuropsychological emphasis in terms of two types of loneliness; exampled by defensive attitude and a secret or silent type of loneliness. A

Angelo S. Bolea

1986-01-01

187

Children's Stress Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This double issue of the "ZPG Reporter" focuses on the theme of ZPG's Children's Stress Index", the first national survey of children's well-being based on population- related pressures. Using an extensive list of social, economic, and environmental factors that affect the lives of children, the index ranks 828 cities, counties, and metropolitan…

Sherman, Dianne, Ed.

1993-01-01

188

Measuring Hope in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many times, I have heard people say something akin to the idea that hope is our children's chance for a better future. Appealing as this sentiment may be, however, very little psychological theory and research has addressed the topic of children's hope. The only related research has been that by Kazdin and his colleagues (1983), who described children's hopelessness in

C. R. Snyder

189

Children's Empowerment in Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the level of empowerment and autonomy children can create in their play experiences. It examines the play discourses that children build and maintain and considers the importance of play contexts in supporting children's emotional and social development. These aspects of play are often unseen or misunderstood by the adult…

Canning, Natalie

2007-01-01

190

Choosing Books for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the flood of titles printed each year in the field of children’s literature, it is difficult to choose the best titles for young people to read. The presenters share guidelines for choosing books that children will love as well as profit from reading. Some favorite titles are also given.

Rachel Schwedt; Janice A. DeLong

2009-01-01

191

Children's Hospital Medical Center  

E-print Network

Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC Holmes CHMC CHMC Children's Hospital Garage CHMC KingsgateUNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center Co. Coroner Kettering Lab Complex Radiation Safety HealthProfessions Building WherryHall Veterans

Papautsky, Ian

192

Children's Hospital Medical Center  

E-print Network

Complex Radiation Safety HealthProfessions Building WherryHall Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMCUNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center VAMC VAMC VAMC Holmes CHMC CHMC Children's Hospital Garage CHMC Kingsgate Conference Center French East

Papautsky, Ian

193

Children and Hypertension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since children as young as seven years old can suffer from hypertension, all children should have blood pressure checked during physical examinations. Guidelines for testing children's blood pressure are presented along with suggestions about what schools and parents can do to help deal with the problem. (PP)

Carter, Denise

1983-01-01

194

Children's Play and Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adverse effects of FCC deregulation of children's television programming on children's play behavior. Discusses the difference between play and imitation, the role of high quality dramatic play in healthy child development, the popularity of war play, and use of toys to increase dramatic play. Considers ways to help children gain control…

Powell, Mark

2001-01-01

195

Children in Jail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of 52 theoretical papers on school crime and its relation to poverty, this chapter presents a series of life studies of children in jail, along with a brief discussion of prison reform. The purpose of the life studies is to allow jailed children or children who have been in jail to speak for themselves of the conditions of jail and the…

Cottle, Thomas J.

196

Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first federal Internet privacy law (the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act) provides safeguards for children by regulating collection of their personal information. Unfortunately, teens are not protected. Legislation is pending to protect children from online marketers such as ZapMe! Interactive technologies require constant vigilance.…

Aidman, Amy

2000-01-01

197

Families for All Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin reflects the commitment of Syracuse University's Center on Human Policy to the idea that children belong with families. The bulletin contains a policy statement which recommends; that all children, regardless of disability, belong with families and need enduring relationships with adults; that families with severely disabled children

Shoultz, Bonnie, Ed.; Kalyanpur, Maya, Ed.

198

Creative Philosophizing with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his influential book "Dialogues with Children" (1984), Gareth Matthews presents strong evidence that children as young as six can and should engage in philosophical discourse. His findings form the basis of this article, a theoretical and practical guide for parents and teachers seeking respectful and creative ways to encourage children to…

Calvert, Kristina

2007-01-01

199

International Children's Book Day  

E-print Network

International Children's Book Day April 2nd 2013 Folktales Storytelling & wORKSHOP By Barry Stewart Performing Arts Center 1080 SW 11th Street, Gainesville Peter Sís Award Winning Children's Book Author & Illustrator Peter Sís is an internationally acclaimed illustrator, author and the first childrens book artist

Watson, Craig A.

200

DETROIT CHILDREN'S HEALTH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Detroit Children's Health Study will consist of health questionnaires for 15,000 children enrolled in the fourth- and fifth-grades of selected elementary schools, and measurements of lung function and exhaled breath in a subset of 3,500 of these children. Participation in bo...

201

Children Talking about Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to demonstrate how quality literature can engage children in reflective thinking about stories, themselves, and the world, this book suggests children's literature worthy of discussion, shows how interactions work, and encourages adults to bond with children. The book begins with a chapter on how to use the book and a chapter on the…

Borders, Sarah G.; Naylor, Alice Phoebe

202

Children's and Young Adult Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yolith Omnibus Bill passed during he WHLIS in July 1991, includes oprovisions for six separate grants for children's, school, and young adult services in libraries. Funding cuts have made developing alternate sources of revenue vital for the survival of existing librarv services and the develooment of new ones. Are children's and young adult librarians trained in writing grant proposals?

Patricia J. Davis

1994-01-01

203

Children in the States, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book provides statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (including number of children under age 18 and age 5, percentage of population under age…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

204

Are We Drugging Our Children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) a common diagnosis among school-aged children. Yet, many parents continue to express concern when discussing treatment options available for their children. This psychotropic update overviews several new medications available for proper treatment of ADHD. Medications discussed include Ritalin, Concerta, and Adderall

Robert Scholtes

2002-01-01

205

KIDMONEY: Children as Big Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how marketers are targeting children as a consumer segment. Highlights include advertising budgets and media, how children spend their money, the more influential role of the child in the family, in-school marketing, controversial advertising on Channel One, marketing on the Internet, and parental control. (AEF)

Reese, Shelly

1996-01-01

206

Children in the States, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the Children's Defense Fund lists statistics on child and youth well-being for each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) children participating in federally subsidized programs (including Title 1 Education for the Disadvantaged, bilingual education programs,…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

207

Specific Language Impairments in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth volume in a series on communication and language intervention focuses on specific language impairments in children, and contains papers presented at a 1992 conference. Papers include the following: "Specific Language Impairments in Children: An Introduction" (Ruth V. Watkins); "Studies of Genetics of Specific Language Impairment" (J.…

Watkins, Ruth V., Ed.; Rice, Mabel L., Ed.

208

Children's Terms & Conditions All children under the age of 16 years are considered children  

E-print Network

Children's Terms & Conditions · All children under the age of 16 years are considered children · Children must be accompanied by a competent adult at all times within the centre, unless for specific children's programmes and courses · Children are only permitted to use the swimming pool with an adult

O'Mahony, Donal E.

209

Experiences of blind children caregivers  

PubMed Central

Background: Teachers, parents and foundations should become objective-oriented for children with visual impairment so that learning and sensitization of necessary knowledge and skills for the behaviors of these children are assisted. Where there is impairment in the relations of children caregivers, their emotional security is disturbed and its effects will appear in their behaviors. Therefore, strong dependence on parents, teachers and other adults is the characteristics of most of the children with physical problems including blind children. Since use of the experiences of caregivers of these children increases their efficiency and life skills, this study was conducted aiming to understand the experiences of blind children caregivers in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: This study was a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach to investigate the experiences of blind children caregivers including mothers and teachers. Four mothers of blind children and four caregivers of blind children were purposefully selected and interviewed from 2007 to 2009. Data were collected through interviews which were recorded on cassette tapes. The obtained data were analyzed using Collizzi method. Findings: The experiences of the blind children caregivers were divided into two groups of challenge and role. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that upon diagnosing the child’s blindness, the parents suffer from mental stress. At first, they deny the problem, but then they begin to come along and accept the blind child. At this time, they analyze the effective factors in keeping and educating the child. At the same time, they act in response to the child influenced by several factors including the role of the society. PMID:23833597

Fathizadeh, Nahid; Takfallah, Leila; Badrali, Narges; Shiran, Elaheh; Esfahani, Mitra Savabi; Akhavan, Hamideh

2012-01-01

210

Language and the Development of Children’s Ethnic Prejudice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers whether the study of children’s language in intergroup contexts enhances our understanding of the development of children’s ethnic prejudice. It is concluded that whereas children’s ethnic preferences may be well established by 6 years of age, ethnic prejudice does not emerge in middle childhood. In addition, whether children develop ethnic prejudice does not appear to be directly

Drew Nesdale

2001-01-01

211

Do Integrated Children's Services Improve Children's Outcomes?: Evidence from England's Children's Trust Pathfinders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-five children's trust pathfinders, local cross-sector partnerships, were introduced across England in 2003 to promote greater integration in children's services. Using administrative performance data, this paper tracks yearly trends in child service outputs and child well-being outcomes from 1997 to 2004 in these local areas, including the…

O'Brien, Margaret; Bachmann, Max O.; Jones, Natalia R.; Reading, Richard; Thoburn, June; Husbands, Chris; Shreeve, Ann; Watson, Jacqueline

2009-01-01

212

Interviewing Children Versus Tossing Coins: Accurately Assessing the Diagnosticity of Children's Disclosures of Abuse  

PubMed Central

We describe a Bayesian approach to evaluating children’s abuse disclosures and review research demonstrating that children’s disclosure of genital touch can be highly probative of sexual abuse, with the probative value depending on disclosure spontaneity and children’s age. We discuss how some commentators understate the probative value of children’s disclosures by: confusing the probability of abuse given disclosure with the probability of disclosure given abuse, assuming that children formally questioned about sexual abuse have a low prior probability of sexual abuse, misstating the probative value of abuse disclosure, and confusing the distinction between disclosure and nondisclosure with the distinction between true and false disclosures. We review interviewing methods that increase the probative value of disclosures, including interview instructions, narrative practice, noncontingent reinforcement, and questions about perpetrator/caregiver statements and children’s reactions to the alleged abuse. PMID:22339423

LYON, THOMAS D.; AHERN, ELIZABETH C.; SCURICH, NICHOLAS

2014-01-01

213

Children’s emotional development: Challenges in their relationships to parents, peers, and friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review outlines the challenges and constraints which relationships to parents, peers, and friends offer for children’s emotional development, including the development of appraisal, experience, expression, and regulation of emotion. Parents are important for their children’s emotional development not only because they are attachment figures but also because of their cognitive and emotional expertise who instruct their offspring on

Maria von Salisch

2001-01-01

214

[Pharmacovigilance in children].  

PubMed

Drug safety in children must take into account the frequency of « off label » prescriptions, children's growth dynamics, and possible long-term consequences (growth, neurodevelopment). The pharmacovigilance methodology is based on spontaneous notification and pharmacoepidemiology studies usually included the in risk management plan. Despite an increased drug risk (pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic specificities), drug safety is better in children than in adults. The incidence of drug side effects depends on the country, the type of study (in or out of the hospital), and age. Antibiotics, central nervous, respiratory and dermatologic drug systems are most often involved. The target organs are gastrointestinal and neurologic. In neonates, the most frequent side effects are due to pregnancy exposure to psychotropic drugs, beta-blockers, and antiepileptics. Some studies have shown an increased risk of off-label prescriptions in children. During the last 6 years in France, pediatric alerts (desmopressin, metoclopramide, bronchial mucolytic drugs, first-generation anti-H1, Uvesterol D(®), and Uvesterol A.D.E.C(®), rotavirus vaccines, growth hormone, cisapride) have been less frequent than in adults. PMID:22748689

Autret-Leca, E; Marchand, M-S; Cissoko, H; Beau-Salinas, F; Jonville-Béra, A-P

2012-08-01

215

[Fluoroquinolones in children].  

PubMed

The only currently recommended pediatric use of fluoroquinolones involves ciprofloxacine for treatment of pyocyanic infection in children with cystic fibrosis. The main contraindication for use of fluoroquinolones in children is arthrotoxicity. Notwithstanding they are occasionally used for serious infections when there is no other therapeutic alternative. In addition to cystic fibrosis, potential pediatric indications include multidrug-resistant salmonella and shigellosis, certain enterobacterial infections in newborns, complicated urinary tract infections, and severe multidrug-resistant bacterial infection especially in immunocompromised subjects. The availability of new quinolones against pneumococcus should have little impact on current therapeutic strategies for upper or lower respiratory tract infections since potential indications in children are limited. However when the new generation reaches the market, fluoroquinolones should offer new alternatives for treatment of penicillin-resistant pneumococcal meningitis. Studies comparing children and adults have shown that arthrotoxicity is approximately the same or only slightly higher. The main problem for assessment of adverse effects is that pediatricians often fail to report the limited number of cases in which fluoroquinoles have been prescribed. Regardless fluoroquinolones must remain a second or third line agent for treatment of severe infection in cases in which no other alternative especially by the oral route is available. Use must be restricted to situations in which the risks are outweighed by potential benefits. Limiting pediatric use will slow down the emergence of resistant bacteria. PMID:12192718

Gendrel, D

2002-01-01

216

Migraine headache in children  

PubMed Central

Introduction Diagnosis of migraine headache in children can be difficult as it depends on subjective symptoms; diagnostic criteria are broader than in adults. Migraine occurs in 3% to 10% of children and increases with age up to puberty. Migraine spontaneously remits after puberty in half of children, but if it begins during adolescence it may be more likely to persist throughout adulthood. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for acute attacks, and of prophylaxis for migraine headache in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to June 2010 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 22 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: for acute symptom relief (antiemetics, codeine phosphate, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], paracetamol, and 5HT1 antagonists [such as triptans]) and for prophylaxis (beta-blockers, dietary manipulation, pizotifen, progressive muscle relaxation, stress management, thermal biofeedback, and topiramate). PMID:21481285

2011-01-01

217

Severe asthma in children.  

PubMed

Severe asthma in children is characterized by sustained symptoms despite treatment with high doses of inhaled corticosteroids or oral corticosteroids. Children with severe asthma may fall into 2 categories, difficult-to-treat asthma or severe therapy-resistant asthma. Difficult-to-treat asthma is defined as poor control due to an incorrect diagnosis or comorbidities, or poor adherence due to adverse psychological or environmental factors. In contrast, treatment resistant is defined as difficult asthma despite management of these factors. It is increasingly recognized that severe asthma is a highly heterogeneous disorder associated with a number of clinical and inflammatory phenotypes that have been described in children with severe asthma. Guideline-based drug therapy of severe childhood asthma is based primarily on extrapolated data from adult studies. The recommendation is that children with severe asthma be treated with higher-dose inhaled or oral corticosteroids combined with long-acting ?-agonists and other add-on therapies, such as antileukotrienes and methylxanthines. It is important to identify and address the influences that make asthma difficult to control, including reviewing the diagnosis and removing causal or aggravating factors. Better definition of the phenotypes and better targeting of therapy based upon individual patient phenotypes is likely to improve asthma treatment in the future. PMID:25213041

Guilbert, Theresa W; Bacharier, Leonard B; Fitzpatrick, Anne M

2014-01-01

218

Children's Books Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Children's Book Online website has been online for eight years, and during that time it has grown immensely (largely due to the efforts of numerous volunteers from around the world and the able direction of its president, Guy Chocensky). The site contains full versions of dozens of classic children's books, including David Copperfield, Grampa in Oz, and Peter Rabbit. What is equally compelling is that a number of the books are available in a number of different languages, including Polish, Italian, German, Romanian, French, and Russian. Visitors will want to also join their electronic mailing list to be informed when new titles are added to the site, and to sign their online guestbook. The site also contains a few rarities that may be unfamiliar to contemporary readers, including The Bashful Earthquake by Oliver Herford (first published in 1898) and the lovely work, The Marquis of Carabas, painted by Edmund Evans.

219

Tense marking in children with autism  

E-print Network

A recent large-scale study identified a subgroup of children with autism who had a language profile similar to that found among children with specific language impairment (SLI). including difficulties with nonsense word repetition, an ability...

Roberts, Jenny A.; Rice, Mabel L.; Tager-Flusberg, H.

2004-07-01

220

Hyperactive Children and Activity Group Therapy Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on clinical observations, the author discusses the role of occupational therapy in treating hyperactive children, including self-regulation of the child through activity groups where other children serve as monitoring agents. (Authors/JA)

Cermark, Sharon A.; And Others

1973-01-01

221

Children with Incarcerated Parents Considering Children's Outcomes in  

E-print Network

Children with Incarcerated Parents ­ Considering Children's Outcomes in the Context of Complex Family Experiences CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH eREVIEW Presented by Jonathan Doe and Mary Jane Smith CHILDREN, YOUTH & FAMILY CONSORTIUM #12;#12;CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH eREVIEW: INCARCERATED PARENTS 1

Amin, S. Massoud

222

Why Children Misbehave discipline for young children lesson 3  

E-print Network

Why Children Misbehave discipline for young children lesson 3 www.ext.vt.edu Produced. publication 350-112 #12;Lesson 3: Why Children Misbehave Note: Since it is awkward to refer to the child Children Children misbehave for many reasons. Once you under stand why they misbehave, it is easier to know

Liskiewicz, Maciej

223

Children's Attributions 1 Running head: CHILDREN'S ATTRIBUTIONS OF BELIEFS  

E-print Network

Children's Attributions 1 Running head: CHILDREN'S ATTRIBUTIONS OF BELIEFS Children's Attributions, religion, theory of mind, Yukatek Maya #12;Children's Attributions 2 Abstract The capacity to attribute it is debatable whether children attribute beliefs in the same way to all agents. In this paper, we present

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Children's Graphical Representations and Emergent Writing: Evidence from Children's Drawings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on children's drawing and writing focused on children's drawing and symbolization with syllabic languages, providing little information regarding young children's symbolization in drawing with a logo language. This study investigated children's emergent writing by examining qualitatively how children's writing takes place as…

Wu, Li-Yuan

2009-01-01

225

Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project called "Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children". The project was simple in scope. The authors sought to collect stories of child advocacy--ways in which children were working on behalf of other children. They also sought to collect and profile children's voices and vision and so they issued a…

Zygmunt-Fillwalk, Eva; Staley, Lynn; Kumar, Rashmi; Lin, Cecilia Lingfen; Moore, Catherine; Salakaya, Manana; Szecsi, Tunde

2007-01-01

226

The impact of including writing materials in early childhood classrooms on the early literacy development of children from low?income families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of incorporating writing materials in all areas of the preschool classroom on the early literacy development of young children from low?income families. The researchers worked with six teachers in three preschool classrooms to incorporate literacy materials—particularly those materials that would allow children to express themselves through writing—throughout the classroom learning

Patricia Clark; Sherry Kragler

2005-01-01

227

Young children’s influence in preschool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The purpose of this study was to investigate how very young children can influence their daily life in preschool, in relation\\u000a to teacher control. The specific questions studied were: What opportunities do the children have to make their own choices\\u000a and take the initiative? How does teacher control manifest itself? What form do permanent structures, such as rules and routines,

Anette Emilson

2007-01-01

228

The village and the children.  

PubMed

In 1997 the US Agency for International Development published ¿Children on the Brink: Strategies to Support Children Isolated by HIV/AIDS,¿ a report that gave estimates of the number of orphans the AIDS epidemic has produced. A total of 23 countries were examined, subsequently determining that the number of orphaned children could reach 40 million by the end of 2010. In addition, the report estimated that in the 19 African nations the orphan crisis would affect 1 in every 5 children below 15 years of age, and 1 in every 3 children in some nations, by the year 2000. Responding to the needs of the millions of African children who have been orphaned by AIDS, Millicent Nomsa Mnqayi and several women from the Melville Community Development Group founded centers that focused on caring for the orphans. These include the Othandweni Children's Home in KwaZulu-Natal, the Vulamehlu Health Resource Center, the Enduduzweni Information and Drop-in Center, and the Siphesihle Center. These community-based programs aim to build the skills in the orphaned children so they may be able to do things for themselves while remaining a part of the village. Although much controversy surrounds these programs, these community-based responses should be fostered through building an enabling environment. PMID:12296119

Menting, A

2000-01-01

229

Impairment in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For children with mental health problems, impairment results in a diminished ability to perform at developmentally expected\\u000a levels. Impairment in daily life activities can include dysfunction or an absence of adaptation in social, emotional, psychological,\\u000a or occupational\\/academic domains, and it is a core component of nearly all childhood and adolescent mental health disorders.\\u000a Currently, the American Psychiatric Association's (APA's) Diagnostic

Gregory A. Fabiano; William E. Pelham Jr

230

Oceans and Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reviews children's books on ocean topics, providing a brief synopsis and commentary on photos, diagrams, charts, as well as text. Recommends appropriate grade and reading levels, suggests how to use the books in the classroom, order of presentation to best stimulate questions and provide answers, suggests activities that prep for or follow-up books. Includes publisher, publication date, and ISBN, and links where books are available.

231

Cotsen Children's Library: Virtual Children's Books Exhibits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Princeton University's virtual exhibit of past exhibits of children's book illustrations offers visuals and brief explanations geared towards children and adults. The easy-to-use website is divided into four virtual exhibits, that contain a portion of what the physical exhibits at the Cotsen Children's Library at Princeton University displayed. The four exhibits can be accessed by clicking on their links on the homepage. The "Water Babies" exhibit contains illustrations of swimming, and was meant as a respite for kids who couldn't escape the city's heat. Each illustration in the virtual exhibit is accompanied by a short synopsis of the book or publication it came from, and often a web link or reading suggestion for more information on the author, illustrator, or subject matter of the book. The "Magic Lantern" virtual exhibit contains illustrations of magic lanterns, a type of projector widely available for home use, that were the precursors to film and television, and which enthralled children and adults alike. The "Creepy-Crawlies" exhibit highlighted the many illustrations of insects in children's books and natural history. The insects in children's books were most often portrayed as evil or villainous. But, if visitors can put those feelings aside, they will find many beautifully rendered drawings. The physical "Beatrix Potter" exhibit coincided with the publication of the Beatrix Potter Collection of Lloyd Cotsen in 2004, and the virtual exhibit contains illustrations by Potter, and others, with whom the visitor can use for comparison, to see Potter's unique style.

232

Concurrent Assay for Four Bacterial Species Including Alloiococcus Otitidis in Middle Ear, Nasopharynx and Tonsils of Children with Otitis Media with Effusion: A Preliminary Report  

PubMed Central

Objectives To detect the prevalences of Alloiococcus otitidis, as well as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in children with chronic otitis media with effusion (OME) and to simultaneously investigate the colonization of these bacteria in the nasopharynx and palatine tonsils of these patients. Methods The study included 34 pediatric patients with OME, and 15 controls without OME. In the study group, A. otitidis, H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, and M. catarrhalis were investigated in the samples obtained from middle ear effusions (MEE), nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) and tonsillar swabs (TS), using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and conventional culture methods. Only the samples obtained from NPS and TS were studied with the same techniques in the control group. Results A. otitidis was isolated only in MEE and only with multiplex PCR method. A. otitidis, S. pneumoniae, M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae were identified in 35%, 8.8%, 8.8%, and 2.9%, respectively, in 34 MEE. A. otitidis was not isolated in NPS or TS of the study and the control groups. Conclusion The prevalence of A.otitidis is high in children with OME and A.otitidis doesn't colonize in the nasopharynx or tonsil. PMID:22737288

Tastan, Eren; Yucel, Mihriban; Aydogan, Filiz; Karakoc, Esra; Arslan, Necmi; Kantekin, Yunus; Demirci, Munir

2012-01-01

233

Children’s storytelling: the effect of preschool and family environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling reflects children’s pragmatic language ability, which develops rapidly in early childhood and is related to various characteristics of the child’s environment. This study examines the effect of preschool, maternal education and quality of the home environment on children’s storytelling skills. The sample included 229 Slovenian children, approximately six?years?old, who were attending first grade at the time of the assessment.

Simona Kranjc

2010-01-01

234

The contribution of temperament, popularity, and physical appearance to children’s happiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between the happiness of 9–12 year old children and their temperament, popularity, and physical appearance was\\u000a examined. Participants included 432 children and their parents and teachers. Happiness in children was assessed using a self-rating\\u000a scale, parents’ ratings, teachers’ ratings, and the Happiness and Satisfaction Subscale of the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept\\u000a Scale 2 (Piers-Harris 2) [Piers, E. V., & Herzberg,

Mark D. Holder; Ben Coleman

2008-01-01

235

The Effect of Placement Instability on Adopted Children’s Inhibitory Control Abilities and Oppositional Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed relations among placement instability, inhibitory control, and caregiver-rated child behavior. The sample included 33 adopted children who had experienced placement instability, 42 adopted children who had experienced 1 stable placement, and 27 children never placed in foster care. Five- and 6-year-old children completed the day–night task, which requires children to inhibit a prepotent response, and a control

Erin E. Lewis; Mary Dozier; John Ackerman; Sandra Sepulveda-Kozakowski

2007-01-01

236

Possibilities and Quandaries for Young Children's Active Citizenship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Concepts of children's citizenship are highly contested. Contemporary policy and rhetoric increasingly includes the concept of citizenship in relation to children, yet there is considerable ambiguity as to what children's citizenship actually means. Unlike other marginalized groups, it is not children claiming citizenship rights for themselves but adults claiming rights for children on their behalf. Practice or Policy:

Louise Phillips

2011-01-01

237

Children's School October 2013 Family Spotlight: Snapshot of Our Community  

E-print Network

Children's School October 2013 Family Spotlight: Snapshot of Our Community During September the diversity among us. The "All About Me" projects in each classroom give children and families an opportunity have 88 families with 99 children at the Children's School, including 21 only children and three sets

238

Children's Voices: Reactions to a Criminal Justice Issue Picture Book  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the issue of children with incarcerated parents within the broader topic of criminal justice in multicultural children's literature. The sheer magnitude of culture of children with incarcerated parents makes it necessary for their stories to be included in children's literature. Children with an incarcerated parent need to…

Oslick, Mary Ellen

2013-01-01

239

Read It Again: Choosing and Using Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details guidelines for selecting books for young children in child care settings. Describes categories of children's books, including ABC books, counting books, and wordless picture books. Provides suggestions for preparing books for use by young children, and delineates steps for planning book experiences with young children and teaching children

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

240

Key Facts about Children in Utah. Children and Families at Risk: A Status Report of Our Children, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Utah KIDS COUNT program provides information about child well-being to enhance discussions on securing better futures for children. Indicators of children's quality of life are chosen to reflect a range of influences on children, conditions across developmental stages, and comparisons across time. Ten indicators examined included: (1) low…

Utah Children, Salt Lake City.

241

Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children  

PubMed Central

Rhinosinusitis is a very common disease worldwide and specifically in the US population. It is a common disease in children but may be underdiagnosed. Several reasons may account to the disease being missed in children. The symptoms in children are limited and can be very similar to the common cold or allergic symptoms. Cough and nasal discharge may be the only symptoms present in children. A high index of suspicion is necessary to make the diagnosis of rhinosinusitis in these children. The majority of those children are treated medically. Only a few number will require surgical intervention when medical treatment fails. Complications of rhinosinusitis, even though rare, can carry a high morbidity and mortality rate. PMID:22007246

Ramadan, Hassan H.

2012-01-01

242

Children with hepatitis C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C affects thousands of children throughout the world. Most children acquire the virus through vertical transmission,\\u000a although parenteral routes of acquisition are also common. Hepatitis C progresses slowly, with mild biopsy findings and no\\u000a symptoms in most children and in many adults. However, significant liver inflammation and fibrosis can occur in childhood.\\u000a Trials of antiviral therapy with interferon and

Girish Subba Rao; Jean Pappas Molleston

2005-01-01

243

Malignant melanoma in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cutaneous melanoma is an uncommon malignancy in children and for this reason, there is little information available regarding\\u000a the timing and patterns of recurrence in children with this disease. This study reviews the experience at a single institution\\u000a (Duke University Melanoma Clinic) in treating children with malignant melanoma.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: Eighty-five patients ?18 years of age with malignant melanoma have

Andrew M. Davidoff; Constance Cirrincione; Hilliard F. Seigler

1994-01-01

244

Auger injuries in children.  

PubMed Central

A 6-year review of auger injuries in Manitoba children revealed that 23 children sustained major injuries resulting in amputation of 17 limbs. Auger injuries are the main cause of traumatic amputation in children in Manitoba. Improved safety education for the entire farm family as well as better design of safety shields would decrease this carnage. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 3 FIG. 4 FIG. 5 FIG. 6 FIG. 9 PMID:630513

Letts, R. M.; Gammon, W.

1978-01-01

245

Global Children's Art Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Children's Art Gallery hosts a refreshing collection of children's artwork in a variety of formats. Each image can be enlarged and is accompanied by a flag indicating the country or countries where the artist lives. This site is a part of the Natural Child site, a site maintained by psychologist Jan Hunt that is devoted to an attachment parenting perspective, "in which all children are treated with dignity, respect, understanding, and compassion."

246

Tuberculosis in children.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major, but often unrecognised, cause of disease and death in young children from countries with high TB incidence rates among adults. It is also relevant to paediatricians in low-incidence countries, such as Australia, because of increased international travel, immigration and refugee resettlement. This manuscript provides a brief overview of the global TB disease burden, the natural history of disease in children, and offers guidance on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB in children. PMID:24548085

Marais, Ben J

2014-10-01

247

Hyponatremia in Hospitalized Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the frequency, causes, and clinical significance of hyponatremia in hospitalized children, we reviewed the clinical and laboratory data of all hyponatremic children in Texas Children's Hospital over a 12-month period. One hundred sixty-one patients from among 11,702 hospital admissions were found to have hyponatremia, defined as serum sodium value of less than 130 mEq\\/L, an overall frequency of

Ahmad Wattad; Myra L. Chiang; L. Leighton Hill

1992-01-01

248

Parenting the Internet: Resources for Parents and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents general statistical findings of Internet use by children, discusses the recent Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), and summarizes online child safety considerations. Considers filtering and includes current resources for parents and children. (Author/LRW)

Bushong, Sara

2002-01-01

249

Impulsivity in overweight children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This study investigates whether or not obese children have a stronger tendency to act on impulse than normal weight children,\\u000a taking into account the multidimensionality and complexity of the impulsivity construct.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A performance based test (Matching Familiar Figure Test, MFFT), a child interview and questionnaire, and parental reports\\u000a were obtained from 56 overweight children and 53 normal weight children aged

Caroline Braet; Line Claus; Sandra Verbeken; Leen Van Vlierberghe

2007-01-01

250

Specific Phobia Among Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating Disorders Among ...

251

Panic Disorder among Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating Disorders Among ...

252

Advertising literacy and children’s susceptibility to advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation covers two areas of research that expand our knowledge on children’s advertising literacy (i.e., advertising-related knowledge). The first part addresses the development of children’s advertising literacy into adult-like levels. The second part focuses on the role of advertising literacy in reducing children’s susceptibility to advertising effects. In doing so, this dissertation not only deepens the existing theoretical and

E. Rozendaal

2011-01-01

253

Children's Wisconsin  

Cancer.gov

Although these are primarily clinical positions, opportunities for research and teaching exist. Positions require a Ph.D or PsyD in clinical child psychology (including an APA accredited internship) and a Wisconsin license (or eligibility). Specialized training in Child Clinical Psychology required.

254

Robotic fundoplication in children.  

PubMed

Since January 2006, robotic assistance has been used for performing minimal invasive laparoscopic fundoplications in children. These patients were compared with those operated on with either the open surgical technique or the laparoscopic procedure. The first six children operated on with a fundoplication using the operation robot, da Vinci Surgical System from Intuitive Surgical, were included prospectively. As controls, data from the latest six children operated on using the open surgical procedure and the latest six children operated on using the minimal invasive laparoscopic technique were selected retrospectively. All the patients were operated on due to gastroesophageal reflux and were comparable in the De Meester score. The main outcome measures were the operating time, the use of postoperative analgesics, the duration of the postoperative hospital stay and the short-term outcome. There was no significant difference between the three groups concerning age, body weight and preoperative 24 h pH measurement. The mean operating time for the robotic group, 213 min, was the longer one, but the operating time for the latest four patients in the robotic group was similar to that for the laparoscopic group, 189 min. The postoperative hospital stay was shorter and a reduction in the use of analgesics postoperatively was noted. The reduction in the postoperative hospital stay and in the use of analgesics had been already noted with the introduction of the minimal invasive laparoscopic technique. There was no difference in short-term clinical outcome; the gastroesophageal reflux symptoms disappeared in all the patients. Robot-assisted laparoscopic fundoplication is comparable with the standard laparoscopic surgical procedure in terms of duration of operation, postoperative hospital stay, use of postoperative analgesics and short-term clinical outcome. The robotic surgery adds qualities to the surgical work when compared with open or laparoscopic surgery. These include better visualisation for the surgeon and greater precision in the movements of the instruments used. PMID:17047900

Anderberg, Magnus; Kockum, Christina Clementson; Arnbjörnsson, Einar

2007-02-01

255

Pott's disease in children  

PubMed Central

Background: The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing, and skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 10-20% of all extrapulmonary cases. Spinal tuberculosis occurs mostly in children and young adults. It causes bone destruction, spinal deformity and neural complications. Materials and Methods: Our study includes 37 children (below 15 years of age) with spinal tuberculosis treated in our department in the last 6 years. The demographic data, clinical profile, surgical intervention and outcome of these children are reported. Results: The mean age ranged from 4 to 15 years, with an average of 9.1 years, and the male/female ratio was 1.8. Thirty patients (81%) had progressive inflammatory rachialgia and only six patients (16.2%) had neurological symptoms. The lumbar spine was mostly affected (23 cases). All patients have benefited from antituberculous chemotherapy (Regimen 2SRHZ/10RH) associated with spinal immobilization during 3 months. The surgical treatment was indicated in seven patients because of the presence of large bilateral abscess of the psoas muscle in one patient and the presence of severe neurological symptoms in the six remaining patients. The evolution was favorable in all cases, including those with neurological symptoms. There was no case of death and the length of follow-up for these patients ranged between 1 and 4 years. Conclusion: Spinal tuberculosis is still a prevalent disease in developing countries, mainly occurring in children. Complications of the disease can be devastating because of its ability to cause bone destruction, spinal deformity and paraplegia. Therefore, an early diagnosis and establishment of treatment are necessary to expect a good outcome. PMID:21297923

Benzagmout, Mohammed; Boujraf, Said; Chakour, Khalid; Chaoui, Mohammed El Faiz

2011-01-01

256

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

257

Trends in Software for Children under Six  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a discussion of the past, present, and future of children's interactive media. Here, lead author Warren Buckleitner, the editor of "Children's Software Revue" shares some of his book's findings, and answers a few questions pertaining to the current state of children's software. These include the following: (1) What is the…

Buckleitner, Warren; Kalinowski, Michael

2005-01-01

258

Correlates of Auditory Hallucinations in Nonpsychotic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of auditory hallucinations in clinical populations of nonpsychotic children is an intriguing and little understood area. To date, investigations in this area have reported on a range of correlates, including family histories of psychiatric illness, family dysfunction, and significant levels of stress in the children themselves. The current study reported on 10 nonpsychotic children drawn from a number

Nicole T. Best; Peter Mertin

2007-01-01

259

Mothers' and Children's Friendships: Intergenerational Associations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the predictability of friendship participation and quality, and of popularity, of 154 children 8 to 12 years of age. Found intergenerational similarities between qualities of mothers' and children's friendships. Results suggest domain-specific parental influences, including marital status, on children's friendships. (DR)

Doyle, Anna Beth; And Others

1994-01-01

260

Families, Managed Care, & Children's Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of a bulletin on family support and children's mental health focuses on managed care and the impact on children who are in need of mental health services. Articles include: "Private Sector Managed Care and Children's Mental Health" (Ira S. Lourie and others); "Just What Is Managed Care?" (Chris Koyanagi); "Managed Behavioral…

McManus, Marilyn C., Ed.

1996-01-01

261

Take Our Children to Work Day  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hundreds of children participated in the annual Take Our Children to Work Day at Stennis Space Center on July 29. During the day, children of Stennis employees received a tour of facilities and took part in various activities, including demonstrations in cryogenics and robotics.

2008-01-01

262

The Paradox of Children and Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical analyses of the determinants of life satisfaction routinely include the number of children as one of the socio demographic controls, without explicitly considering that, for a given household income, more children imply a lower level of income per family member. The variable "number of children" then often attracts a negative or…

Becchetti, Leonardo; Ricca, Elena Giachin; Pelloni, Alessandra

2013-01-01

263

Children in the States Data Book, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book from the Children's Defense Fund includes statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (number of children under age 18 and age 6, number of…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

264

Children's Witnessing of Adult Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social service professionals are more frequently identifying children who witness adult domestic violence as victims of that abuse. This article expands common definitions of how children witness adult domestic violence. A total of 31 research articles that met established quality criteria were included in this review. A variety of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-functioning problems among children were found to be

JEFFREY L. EDLESON

1999-01-01

265

Concerned Parents Speak Out On Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research investigated parents' opinions about children's television (TV). Questionnaire respondents were mainly parents of children ages 2-6; mothers outnumbered fathers 9:1. Results included the findings that children watched TV an average of three hours a day; this varied little throughout the country and between those viewing Public…

Barcus, F. Earle

266

Interactivity in Prosodic Representations in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine, using speech error and articulatory analyses, whether the binary distinction between iambs and trochees should be extended to include additional prosodic subcategories. Adults, children who are normally developing, and children with specific language impairment (SLI) participated. Children with SLI were…

Goffman, Lisa; Westover, Stefanie

2013-01-01

267

Screen Media and Young Children: Who Benefits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the airing of Sesame Street in 1985, television produced for children has expanded to more television shows and educational media that includes videos, DVDs, and computer products. Viewing screen media is pervasive in the environments of young children, and companies are designing products for our youngest viewers—infants and toddlers. The educational benefits for children, parents, teachers, and music teachers

Audrey Berger Cardany

2010-01-01

268

Children's media policy.  

PubMed

Amy Jordan addresses the need to balance the media industry's potentially important contributions to the healthy development of America's children against the consequences of excessive and age-inappropriate media exposure. Much of the philosophical tension regarding how much say the government should have about media content and delivery stems from the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment protection against government interference in free speech, including commercial speech. Courts, Jordan says, have repeatedly had to weigh the rights of commercial entities to say what they please against the need to protect vulnerable citizens such as children. This balancing act is complicated even further, she says, because many government regulations apply only to broadcast television and not to non-broadcast media such as the Internet or cable television, though Congress has addressed the need to protect children's privacy online. The need to protect both free speech and children has given rise to a fluid media policy mix of federal mandates and industry self-regulation. Jordan describes the role of the three branches of the federal government in formulating and implementing media policy. She also notes the jockeying for influence in policymaking by industry lobbies, child advocacy groups, and academic researchers. The media industry itself, says Jordan, is spurred to self-regulation when public disapproval grows severe enough to raise the possibility of new government action. Jordan surveys a range of government and industry actions, from legislatively required parental monitoring tools, such as the V-Chip blocking device on television sets, to the voluntary industry ratings systems governing television, movies, and video games, to voluntary social website disclosures to outright government bans, such as indecency and child privacy information collection. She considers the success of these efforts in limiting children's exposure to damaging content and in improving parents' ability to supervise their children's media use. Jordan concludes by considering the relevance and efficacy of today's media policy given the increasingly rapid pace of technological change. The need for research in informing and evaluating media policy, she says, has never been greater. PMID:21338012

Jordan, Amy B

2008-01-01

269

Children Left Behind - How Metropolitan Areas Are Failing America's Children  

E-print Network

matter for children’s health and development, becausechildren have a strong foundation for their development, healthhealth and nutrition efforts; foundations can support alternative schools and child development

Lefkowitz, Bonnie

2007-01-01

270

Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children On this page: What is irritable bowel syndrome ( ... GI tract [ Top ] How common is IBS in children? Limited information is available about the number of ...

271

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS A CAREER GUIDE  

E-print Network

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS LAW A CAREER GUIDE Written By: Dan Ahearn, Attorney Advisor & Ben Holzer, Summer ............................................................................................................... 26 Selected Children's Rights Organizations (listed by state)........................................................ 29 Selected Children's Rights Organizations (index by practice setting

Wolfe, Patrick J.

272

Children's Hospital and Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... Children's Hospital main campus Coming to Children's Hospital Fox Valley Billing and payments Compliments and concerns Medical ... of town? Locations Children's Hospital locations Milwaukee hospital Fox Valley hospital Primary care Specialty clinics Community services ...

273

Information Resources CHILDREN AND NATURE  

E-print Network

1 Information Resources CHILDREN AND NATURE Special thanks to the individuals and organizations who have contributed these materials to the library. TABLE OF CONTENTS: BOOKS FOR CHILDREN Nonfiction _____________________________________________ 2 BOOKS FOR CHILDREN Fiction _______________________________________________ 41 PARENT

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

274

Effects of air pollution on children’s pulmonary health  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IntroductionMany reports regarding the effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health have appeared in the scientific literature. Some investigators found increases in persistent cough and phlegm, bronchitis, and early respiratory infections in communities with poor air quality. The purpose of this survey was to compare the pulmonary function of children living in urban area of Tirana city with children living in suburban area of the city. Material and methodsThis survey is carried out during 2004-2005 period on 238 children living in urban area and in 72 children living in suburban area, measuring dynamic pulmonary function. A questionnaire was used to collect data on sex, current respiratory symptoms, allergy diagnosed by the physician, parent education and smoking habit of parents, presence of animals, synthetic carpets and moulds in their houses. The selection of schools, and children included in this survey was done by randomized method. Also, we have measured and classic air pollutants. ResultsComparing the results of values of pulmonary function of two groups of children, we have shown that differences were significant ( p 0.001), whereas comparing symptoms were for cough ( p 0.011) and for phlegm ( p 0.032). The level of particulate matter (PM10) and total suspended matter (TSP) were over the recommended limit values, whereas the levels of other pollutants have resulted within recommended levels of World Health Organization (WHO) ConclusionsThe results of this survey suggest that air pollution is associated with respiratory health of children causing a slight decrease in values of pulmonary function in children of urban area compared with those of suburban area.

Tabaku, Afrim; Bejtja, Gazmend; Bala, Silvana; Toci, Ervin; Resuli, Jerina

2011-12-01

275

Getting Rid of Children's Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

As critics, we need to change how we look at children’s literature. When children’s books hit the headlines because of their popularity—such as Roald Dahl and Enid Blyton books or, more recently, J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series—the same questions always come up: are they really for children, are they good for children, how do we evaluate such books, why

Katharine Jones

2006-01-01

276

The shadow price of children.  

PubMed

This article is a review of a thesis entitled "The Shadow Price of Children in Philippine Rural Households" presented by Ms. Teresa Cabanero at the University of the Philippines School of Economics. The thesis assumes that 1) households are units of production and consumption, and 2) children are special commodities which give consumers direct and potential satisfaction. The assumption on which it is based is that childbearing is to a great extent the result of rational economic decisions. Proceeding from this assumption, Cabanero sets out to arrive at an objective measure of the value of children to their parents by computing their "shadow price." This shadow price consists of the costs involved in rearing children both in terms of material goods as well as time spent by parents and older children. In effect, Cabanero has attempted to estimate for a rural community the net costs of rearing children in families of different sizes, incomes, and occupations. The value of the study, according to the reviewer, is its recognition of actual economic costs of children as the major concern of prospective parents. This criterion complements and therefore broadens previously established socioeconomic determinants of fertility, which include such factors as family income, age, education, work status, and place of residence. PMID:12309643

Pantoja-hidalgo, C

1978-06-01

277

Children and Firearms  

MedlinePLUS

... bradycenter.org For additional information see Facts for Families : #10 Teen Suicide #13 Children and TV Violence #40 The Influence of Music and Music Videos #54 Children and Watching TV #55 Understanding ... Adolescents #88 Families in the Military #89 Coming Home: Adjustments for ...

278

Bipolar Disorder in Children  

PubMed Central

Although bipolar disorder historically was thought to only occur rarely in children and adolescents, there has been a significant increase in children and adolescents who are receiving this diagnosis more recently (Carlson, 2005). Nonetheless, the applicability of the current bipolar disorder diagnostic criteria for children, particularly preschool children, remains unclear, even though much work has been focused on this area. As a result, more work needs to be done to further the understanding of bipolar symptoms in children. It is hoped that this paper can assist psychologists and other health service providers in gleaning a snapshot of the literature in this area so that they can gain an understanding of the diagnostic criteria and other behaviors that may be relevant and be informed about potential approaches for assessment and treatment with children who meet bipolar disorder criteria. First, the history of bipolar symptoms and current diagnostic criteria will be discussed. Next, assessment strategies that may prove helpful for identifying bipolar disorder will be discussed. Then, treatments that may have relevance to children and their families will be discussed. Finally, conclusions regarding work with children who may have a bipolar disorder diagnosis will be offered. PMID:24800202

2014-01-01

279

Raising Children Who Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents excerpt from Kohn's 1990 book, asserting that parents are most important to children and need to project a positive view of life. Argues that caring, the absence of physical punishment, guiding and explaining, cooperating, and taking children seriously are required to offset the pressure and negative values that a competitive culture…

Kohn, Alfie

2000-01-01

280

Children's Advertising Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines have been developed for the use of advertisers and advertising agencies and for the self-regulatory mechanism which these groups have established, the National Advertising Division, to help ensure that advertising directed to children is truthful, accurate, and fair to children's perceptions. Preliminary sections set forth basic…

Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc., New York, NY.

281

Children of Alcoholics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of this issue of a journal designed to focus on the prevention of various kinds of substance abuse is "children of alcoholics" (CoAs). The lead article, "Children of Chemical Dependency: Respecting Complexities and Building on Strengths," by Pamela Woll, examines chemically dependent family systems. The article begins by offering two…

Prevention Forum, 1990

1990-01-01

282

Colorado Children's Budget 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Colorado Children's Budget 2012" examines the state's commitment to investing in the well-being of children. It tallies up Colorado's actual and planned investment during the past five years (Fiscal Year (FY) 2008-2009 through FY 2012-2013) on programs and services in four areas: Early Childhood Learning and Development, K-12 Education,…

Buck, Beverly; Cuciti, Peggy L.; Baker, Robin

2012-01-01

283

America's Children: Mixed Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data in this population bulletin indicate that in comparison with children of previous generations, today's youngsters are apt to have fewer siblings, and more likely to come from a broken home, have a working mother, and pass time as a latchkey kid. More children are in child care than in the past, and there has been a significant move toward…

Bianchi, Suzanne M.

1990-01-01

284

Children as Authors Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers, librarians, and administrators, this handbook explores the possibilities of implementing a "Children as Authors" project by using collaborative and integrative teaching strategies to motivate elementary school children to write. After describing the project and explaining its benefits, the handbook explores ways teachers and…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

285

Facts about Raising Children  

E-print Network

make minor decisions then slowly increase their responsibility. Be Realistic Expect to make mistakes but follow your own common sense. E-135 12-01 Facts about Raising Children ... make minor decisions then slowly increase their responsibility. Be Realistic Expect to make mistakes but follow your own common sense. E-135 12-01 Facts about Raising Children ...

Warren, Judith L.

2002-01-04

286

CHILDREN AND POVERTY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THREE MAJOR QUESTIONS ARE RAISED--(1) WHAT IS MEANT BY POVERTY AND TO WHAT EXTENT DOES THE OVERALL AMOUNT OF POVERTY DEPEND ON THE SORT OF MEASURING ROD USED. (2) HOW MANY AND WHAT PROPORTION OF THE NATION'S CHILDREN ARE GROWING UP IN POVERTY. AND (3) WHERE, GEOGRAPHICALLY AND SOCIALLY, ARE THESE CHILDREN OF THE POOR TO BE FOUND. POVERTY IS…

WITMER, HELEN L.

287

Teaching Educationally Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing methods for helping children with normal intelligence who manifest learning, perceptual, and/or behavior disorders as a result of minimal neurological or brain dysfunction, the compilation contains 22 papers. Articles are grouped into six categories: identifying the children, motor development, basic considerations, adapting the…

Arena, John I., Ed.; And Others

288

Takayasu arteritis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a large vessel vasculitis that usually affects young female patients during the second and third decades of life, but has been reported in children as young as 24 months of age. Aim of this report was to describe four children (two girls) with TA, as well as summarizing main published studies. The mean age at presentation

Safia Al abrawi; Marine Fouillet-Desjonqueres; Louis David; Xavier Barral; Pierre Cochat; Rolando Cimaz

2008-01-01

289

Children's Environmental Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explores why and how children are more sensitive and susceptible to environmental pollutants than adults. It features information about causes of asthma and birth defects, the effects of heavy metals, and the environmental health and safety of schools. It also provides links to resources and organizations related to children's environmental health, current news and related resources.

Responsibility, Physicians F.; Envirohealthaction

290

World of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin takes a broad view of children in history, their current problems and needs throughout the world, and directions to be taken for fulfilling those needs. The world population of children under age 15 is projected to increase by 500 million to 1.9 billion in the year 2000. Despite the bonds created by global communications, large…

McHale, Magda Cordell; And Others

1979-01-01

291

Responding to Children's Drawings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to explore the issues that face primary school teachers when responding to children's drawings. Assessment in art and design is an ongoing concern for teachers with limited experience and confidence in the area and, although children's drawings continue to be a focus of much research, the question of what it is that teachers say…

Watts, Robert

2010-01-01

292

Children in Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents new findings in the field of nutrition research from the conference, Children in Focus, organized by the National Dairy Council. Expert speakers address vital issues on how children feel and learn about food and how to persuade them to improve their diets.

Dilys Wells

1994-01-01

293

Raising Respectful Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children are not born responsible but must learn this from persons with greater maturity and wisdom. Unfortunately, contemporary culture is one in which many adults and youth are blatantly disrespectful toward one another. Disrespect toward children is so commonplace. As such, large numbers of youth are disconnected from adults. In this article,…

Brokenleg, Martin

2005-01-01

294

Wyoming Children's Factbook 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report details statewide trends in the well-being of Wyoming's children. The first section of the report describes the issues affecting Wyoming's families, health, and teens. The second section consists of a sampling of programs aimed at addressing problems in children's well-being in the areas of teen pregnancy, child abuse,…

Wyoming P.A.R.E.N.T., Laramie.

295

Children of police officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children of Police Officers is a Qualitative study that examines the remembered childhood experiences that adult children of cops had while growing up.^ Parenting styles and mannerisms of police officers are not totally unique. Fathers in working class families exhibit many of the same traits as cops. In fact, most police officers come from working class backgrounds and view careers

Raymond T Franzem

1996-01-01

296

Children's Book Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

THIS ARTICLE WILL COVER ALL BOOKS exclusive of textbooks and paperback books published for children from pre- school through junior high school. It is based on data secured from existing literature and research in the field, forty returns from a questionnaire sent to children's book editors and\\/or persons re- sponsible for the juvenile list in publishing houses, interviews with selected

RACHAEL W. DEANGELO

297

Children's Responses to Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood multicultural education presents teachers with the challenge of how to engage young children in exploring issues of diversity and inequality in meaningful, authentic, and hopeful ways. To support these efforts, this review summarizes past and current research on children's understandings and feelings related to race, social class,…

Ramsey, Patricia G.

2008-01-01

298

Aplauso! Hispanic Children's Theater.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains eight children's plays in English, Spanish, and bilingual formats. Intended participants and audiences range from preschool children to young adults; most scripts encourage audience participation. Most authors are Americans of Latin American descent or birth, and characters in the plays come from Mexican, Puerto Rican, and…

Rosenberg, Joe, Ed.

299

Children, health and AIDS.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization expects there to be 10 million children infected with HIV by the year 2000 as a result of mother to child transmission. Most of these children will in developing countries, but there is also a growing problem in Europe and the US. Rates of HIV-1 transmission from infected mothers to their babies in developing countries range 25-39%, but are as low as 12% in some more developed countries. Recent studies have shown a 26% transmission rate from mothers who were infected post-natally and a 16% rate for those infected pre-natally. Infection rates do not seem to be related to the duration of breast feeding. Pediatricians with experience of HIV infection, however, think that the rate of transmission is much higher than statistics would indicate. AIDS is firmly established among heterosexuals. It should therefore be clear that the number of infected infants and children will continue to increase. The author presents concerns with regard to the clinical management problem of diagnosing HIV infection in children, the main indicator diseases for AIDS in children, the Bangui criteria used for the clinical definition of AIDS, psychological and social factors, confidentiality, childhood immunizations for HIV-infected children, the sexual abuse of children, and children orphaned because of AIDS. PMID:12179298

O'donohue, M

1993-01-01

300

Culture and Children's Cosmology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, we examined children's knowledge of cosmology in relation to the shape of the earth and the day-night cycle. Using explicit questioning involving a choice of alternative answers and 3D models, we carried out a comparison of children aged 4-9 years living in Australia and England. Though Australia and England have a close…

Siegal, Michael; Butterworth, George; Newcombe, Peter A.

2004-01-01

301

Children, Pesticides and Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children receive higher doses of pesticides than any other age group. The younger a child is the more difficulty the body will have in coping with toxins in general. Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) do not adequately protect children. Evidence of harm from a pesticide often has to be overwhelmingly strong before anything is done about it.…

White, Alison

1998-01-01

302

Children's Social Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

Bennett, Mark

2011-01-01

303

Foster Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in foster care are a vulnerable population. They are at risk for abuse, neglect, and permanent separation from birth parents and have a greater incidence of emotional and behavioral difficulties. This is not surprising because these children are abused, neglected, or abandoned by the very people who are supposed to love and care…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Lederman, Cindy S.

2007-01-01

304

Repeated Infections in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... cause of an infection, such as being in day-care centers. Children in day-care centers give infections to each other. They drool ... winter, you could move your child out of day care, where so many other children would have colds. ...

305

Vulnerable Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from two studies indicate that the nature of Canadian children's environments within their families, schools, neighborhoods, and communities has very strong effects on children's development and the prevalence of childhood vulnerability. Rather than stemming primarily from poverty, childhood vulnerability may arise from the environments…

Willms, J. Douglas

2002-01-01

306

Children and Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume documents the rise in violence in our communities and explores its impact on children's physical, psychological, and social development. Focal themes are: the necessity for better information about the kinds of violence to which children are exposed, the necessity of beginning to build intervention strategies aimed at violence, and the…

Reiss, David, Ed.; And Others

307

Children, Divorce and You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of children live in single-parent homes due to the rise in the divorce rate. Teachers must become aware of teaching and counseling approaches which will offset the negative effects of divorce on children and minimize the period of adjustment. (JN)

Hammond, Janice M.

1981-01-01

308

Seeing Children's Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of toddlers was offered long, colorful, translucent tubes to enjoy and explore. As always, they amazed adults with the many ideas they used to investigate and learn with them. The tubes are long and the children marveled at how they could easily lift these objects up taller than their bodies. At the center of the children's explorations…

Curtis, Deb

2012-01-01

309

Young Children & Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the assumption that young children can benefit from a careful, developmentally appropriate introduction to computers, this guide for early childhood teachers and parents is designed to help children aged 3 to 6 years have enjoyable, educational, confidence-building experiences working with computers. Chapter 1 discusses recent…

Hohmann, Charles

310

Children and Home Fires  

MedlinePLUS

CHILDREN AND HOME FIRES Fast Facts Children under the age of five are twice as likely to die in a home fire than the rest of the population, and child-playing fires are the leading cause of fire deaths among ...

311

Colorado Children's Budget 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Children's Budget 2010" is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested in better understanding how Colorado funds children's programs and services. It attempts to clarify often confusing budget information and describe where the state's investment trends are and where those trends will lead the state if…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2010

2010-01-01

312

Children after Perestroika.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems facing children and adolescents in the former Soviet Union. Describes efforts of Bureau for Youth Welfare which has networked with various organizations to create projects in all the Russian Republics. Briefly describes international conference on Modern Society and the Psychosocial Problems of Children held in Moscow in May…

Brendtro, Larry; Van Bockern, Steve

1993-01-01

313

Children's Understanding of Dreams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's understanding of dreams as mental states was examined as an instance of their development of a "theory of mind." Thirty-five children between three and seven years of age were interviewed to determine how well they understood the reality, location, privacy, origin, and controllability of their own dreams, versus that of a fictional…

Meyer, Sarah A.; Shore, Cecilia M.

314

Practice with Transgendered Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing an ecological framework and based on the existing literature and research, as well as my own 24 years of clinical practice with children, youth, and families, this paper examines gender variant childhood development from a holistic viewpoint where children and en-vironments are understood as a unit, in the context of their relationship to one another. This chapter is limited

Gerald P. Mallon

2000-01-01

315

Children's Early Book Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children who participated in a pilot study of book gifting when they were babies are followed?up at age 3 and compared with a comparison group whose families received no book gift pack. Home?based observations of book sharing reveal that, on all eight focus points significant for early literacy, intervention group children showed substantially greater activity and participation in book sharing.

Barrie Wade; MAGGIE MOORE

1996-01-01

316

Children in Jail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Life studies of incarcerated children are presented, along with a discussion of possibilities for reform. The children discuss medical treatment, the lack of educational facilities, the changing nature of their relationships with their parents, the shame and fright of imprisonment, and the physical and psychological effects of being in jail.…

Cottle, Thomas J.

1979-01-01

317

Children's Television in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the structure, conduct, and performance of children's television in Indonesia during the last four decades, reflecting on its interaction with the government, the market, and civil society. A striking trend in Indonesia's children's television is undoubtedly its exponential growth during the last 40 years, and its permanent oscillation between commercialism and idealism. Content analysis of television schedule

Hendriyani; Ed Hollander; Leen dHaenens; Johannes Beentjes

2011-01-01

318

Philosophy for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiment in teaching logic to fifth graders using a children's story is reported. Part one of the report develops the experiment's rationale. A lack of reasoning ability among children is perceived and several causes are suggested -- among them a reliance on reading, math, and science as vehicles for reasoning, emphasis on problem solving…

Lipman, Matthew

319

Teaching Our Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some of the major concerns associated with the instructional process of our homeless children. The reader is provided with a brief overview of the prevalence of this population. According to the National Center on Family Homelessness the number of school children who are homeless is growing rapidly with 1.4 to 1.5 million…

Sheldon, George H.

2011-01-01

320

Children of Addicted Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article was to review follow up studies of children with prenatal drug exposure from preschool through adolescence. Specifically, the authors focus on the effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine, methamphetamine, and opiates on behavior and development. The largest number of studies have examined cocaine-exposed children. The authors identified 42 studies that suggest that there are unique

Barry M. Lester; Linda L. Lagasse

2010-01-01

321

Children's rights and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), which was ratified by the U.K. Government in 1991, children's rights were categorised into three types - provision, protection and participation. In this paper only provision and participation in relation to children and young people in school will be discussed. Since education in Northern Ireland is compulsory for

Alexandra Barr

1999-01-01

322

Laparoscopic splenectomy in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the safety and efficiacy of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) in children, a retrospective review of our preliminary experience using LS was compared to results in patients who previously underwent open splenectomy (OS). From July 1993 to January 1995, we performed eight LS procedures in six children with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and two with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

K. Yoshida; Y. Yamazaki; R. Mizuno; H. Yamadera; A. Hara; J. Yoshizawa; M. Kanai

1995-01-01

323

Treating Children and Adolescents  

MedlinePLUS

... maintenance therapy for children with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis who do not respond to standard medications. It has been shown that 6-MP is effective in children for controlling active disease, for steroid-dependent disease, and for perianal disease. In addition, ...

324

St. Louis Children's Hospital  

Cancer.gov

The Psychology Department of St. Louis Children’s Hospital at Washington University Medical Center is pleased to announce 2 Postdoctoral Fellowship positions in Pediatric Psychology beginning September 2014. With a balance of in-depth and broad based training experiences, this one-year program will prepare fellows to work independently in the practice of pediatric psychology.

325

Children's Hospital Los Angeles  

Cancer.gov

The Pediatric Psychology Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) consists of outpatient and inpatient hospital-based services that provide therapeutic support and intervention to children and families. The pediatric psychology postdoctoral fellows will participate in varied clinical activities with child and adolescent patients and their families.

326

Reframing Children's Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like professional photographers, early childhood teachers can reframe their perspectives to create innovative and inspiring spaces for young children by concentrating on reframing two design elements: color and texture. When thinking about designing spaces for young children, one of the first considerations is the equipment and its arrangement.…

Duncan, Sandra

2011-01-01

327

Schizophrenia in Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter discusses schizophrenia as it occurs in children and adolescents. Because of the complexity of diagnosis of schizophrenia\\u000a in children and adolescents, this issue is discussed, followed by a discussion of the epidemiology of the illness in this\\u000a population. Research into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia in youth is reviewed, including studies of genetics, brain\\u000a imaging, and neuropsychology. Finally, treatment

S. Charles Schulz; Elizabeth deOreo

328

How sex offenders lure children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-two incest and 50 pedophilic offenders, under sentence, were interviewed with respect to verbal and non-verbal strategies used to sexually seduce children. All sex offenders had received in-hospital treatment for six months to one year and were mostly non-defensive about various forms of enticement, exploitation or entrapment, including threats of harm, used to elicit eroticized responses from female children. A

Reuben A. Lang; Roy R. Frenzel

1988-01-01

329

Type 2 diabetes in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging epidemic of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in young people reflects increasing rates of obesity and parallels the increasing\\u000a frequency of T2DM in adults. As in adults, T2DM in children is part of the insulin resistance syndrome that includes hyperandrogenism\\u000a seen as premature adrenarche and polycystic ovary syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and other atherosclerosis risk factors.\\u000a Recent studies in children

Janet H. Silverstein; Arlan L. Rosenbloom

2001-01-01

330

Nasal foreign bodies in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1994 and 1997, a total of 72 nasal foreign bodies were removed from 68 children (28 girls and 40 boys, including\\u000a 2 repeats) in the ENT Department at Robert Debré Hospital, Paris. Ages ranged from 1 to 12.5 years (median, 3 years) . Two\\u000a children had bilateral foreign bodies. The unilateral foreign bodies were on the right side in

M. François; R. Hamrioui; P. Narcy

1998-01-01

331

Children's theories of motivation.  

PubMed

To investigate children's theories of motivation, we asked 166 children (8-12 years of age) to rate the effect of various motivational strategies on task interest, over the short and long terms, in activities described as appealing or unappealing. Children viewed the rewards strategy as resulting in greatest interest except when implemented over the long term for appealing activities. Individual difference analyses revealed that some children held operant theories of motivation, in which rewards were central, and others held hybrid theories, in which rewards were key, but some allowance was made for interest to be self-sustaining in the absence of inducements. Children's theories predicted their academic self-regulation. Their theories are discussed relative to an expert theory of motivation. PMID:21513944

Gurland, Suzanne T; Glowacky, Victoria C

2011-09-01

332

Children's Rights and Children's Voices in Contested Custody and Visitation Cases in Sweden and the US  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These research notes look at the differing ways in which the basis for including a criterion regarding children's opinions in disputed custody and visitation processes, in the US as compared with Sweden, impacts on the role and place that children's opinions and wishes will have on the process. Sweden's rationale for including children's…

Pranzo, Diane

2013-01-01

333

Children's Effortful Control and Academic Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the relations among children’s effortful control, school liking, and academic competence with a sample of 240 7- to 12-year-old children. Parents and children reported on effortful control, and teachers and children assessed school liking. Children, parents, and teachers reported on children’s academic competence. Significant positive correlations existed between children’s effortful control, school liking, and academic competence. Consistent with

Carlos Valiente; Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant; Kimberly S. Castro

2007-01-01

334

Temperamental Profiles of Dysregulated Children  

PubMed Central

It is crucial to characterize self-regulation in children. We compared the temperamental profiles of children with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP) to profiles associated with other CBCL-derived syndromes. 382 children (204 boys; aged 5–18) from a large family study were examined. Temperamental profiles were based on the Juvenile Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI). . Children with the CBCL-DP had a temperamental profile characterized by high Novelty Seeking (NS), high Harm Avoidance (HA), low Reward Dependence (RD) and low Persistence (P). Linear mixed models and regression-based models demonstrated that the CBCL-DP was associated with a “disengaged” temperamental profile. This profile is similar to the profile seen in adult disorders of self-regulation, including cluster B personality disorders. These results support the hypothesis that the CBCL-DP measures poor self-regulation. PMID:22271225

Althoff, Robert R.; Ayer, Lynsay A.; Crehan, Eileen; Rettew, David C.; Baer, Julie R.; Hudziak, James J.

2012-01-01

335

Children's learning of science through literature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the effects of picture books belonging to different literary genres on the learning of science by primary grade students. These genres included modern fantasy, fiction, and nonfiction. The students were exposed to two topics through books, butterflies and snails. The study focused on the effects of those books on children's expressions of (a) knowledge, (b) erroneous information, (c) creative ideas, and (d) the support required to elicit information and ideas from the children. Sixty-one children from three kindergarten and three second grade participated. Children were designated by their teachers as being high or low with respect to academic achievement. These categories allowed measurement of interactions between literary genres, grade levels, and academic achievement levels. Children first learned about butterflies, and then about snails. For each topic, children were interviewed about their knowledge and questions of the topic. Teachers engaged their classes with a book about the topic. The children were re-interviewed about their knowledge and questions about the topic. No class encountered the same genre of book twice. Comparisons of the children's prior knowledge of butterflies and snails indicated that the children possessed significantly more knowledge about butterflies than about snails. Literary genre had one significant effect on children's learning about snails. Contrary to expectations, children who encountered nonfiction produced significantly more creative expressions about snails than children who encountered faction or modern fantasy. No significant effects for literary genre were demonstrated with respect to children's learning about butterflies. The outcomes of the study indicated that nonfiction had its strongest impact on the learning of science when children have a relatively small fund of knowledge about a topic. This study has implications for future research. The inclusion of a larger number of students, classes, and interviewers as well as refinement of the interview protocol to allow for more production of divergent questions by children may reveal additional effects of literary genre on children's learning of science through literature.

O'Kelly, James B.

336

As If Children Matter: Perspectives on Children, Rights and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 16 papers attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of the state of children in the nations of the Americas. The collection's five sections examine children's rights, perspectives of five parents from five different nations, children with disabilities in the legal system, promoting the rights of children through social…

Roeher Inst., North York (Ontario).

337

Children Who Witness Violence, and Parent Report of Children's Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine how much distress children re- port in response to violence that they have witnessed and how this is associated with parental reports of chil- dren's behavior. Methods: As part of a study of in utero exposure to cocaine, children completed the Levonn interview for assessing children's symptoms of distress in response to witnessing violence. The children's caregivers

Marilyn Augustyn; Deborah A. Frank; Michael Posner; Barry Zuckerman; Rachel P. Berger; Debra Bogen; Tina Dulani; Elsie Broussard; Angela Diaz; Elisabeth Simantov; Vaughn I. Rickert; Carey Conley Thomson; Kevin Roberts; Andrew Curran; Louise Ryan; Rosalind J. Wright; Jennifer E. Lansford; Kenneth A. Dodge; Gregory S. Pettit; John E. Bates; Joseph Crozier; Julie Kaplow; Robert E. Morris; Martin M. Anderson; George W. Knox; Joel A. Fein; Nancy Kassam-Adams; Maureen Gavin; Rex Huang; Deena Blanchard; Elizabeth M. Datner; Renee D. Goodwin; Andrej Marusic; Christina W. Hoven

2002-01-01

338

Nutritional Intake in Children with Disabilities Compared to Typical Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using interviews with parents and guardians, and the child where appropriate, this study compared feeding problems of children with disabilities in Kentucky with a sample of typical children. Subjects were 50 children ages 3-5; 25 children were without disabilities. In addition to interviews, data were collected from case records, medical…

Raddish, Michele; And Others

339

Concerned Children’s Advertisers leads the way  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews Cathy Loblaw and Diana Carradine, who established Concerned Children’s Advertisers in Canada 15 years ago; its aim is to inform children about social issues, advertising and the media. Lists the four platforms in the CCA process: The Broadcast Code for Advertising to Children (television), the Canadian Code of Advertising Standards (all media), media literacy education, and social messaging. Indicates

Barbie Clarke; Catherine Gardner

2005-01-01

340

[Respiratory problems in children after severe pneumonia].  

PubMed

In the course of complicated pneumonia in children diffuse inflammatory infiltrations with the risk of durable destruction of lung parenchyma are confirmed clinically and radiologically. The aim of the study was an evaluation of the general health state and respiratory problems in 55 children who had been earlier hospitalized for pneumonia with signs of localized changes and severe symptoms. The evaluation was done 2-10 years after the onset of the disease. In 89.1% of children a planned treatment was continued after hospital discharge. The period of recovery lasted over 6 weeks in 50.8% of examined children, and it was shorter than 2 weeks only in 23.6% of children. The relapses of the lower respiratory tract inflammation occurred in 43.6% of children in the form of bronchitis and in 9.1% of children a recurrent pneumonia was diagnosed. Only 12.7% of children needed subsequent hospitalization for respiratory problems. In 34.5% of children a limitation of physical activity was noted. 40 children underwent a functional examination of the respiratory system. In this group 35% of children ventilation problems of restrictive character were stated, whereas in 17.5% spirometry revealed bronchial obstruction. Presented results suggest the necessity of the specialistIc care of children after severe pneumonia including the monitoring of clinical and spirometric parameters of respiratory function and adequate rehabilitation. PMID:11575000

Kycler, Z; Breborowicz, A; Olejniczak, K; Alkiewicz, J; Bugaj, U

2001-01-01

341

Campaign for Our Children  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Campaign For Our Children was incorporated in November, 1987, as a not-for-profit organization to "organize, manage and conduct programs designed to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancies in Maryland..." Topics available on their web site include: adolescent pregnancy news flashes, teacher and parent resources, an "ask the expert" page, and chat pages where teachers and parents can discuss issues and strategies. The Teen Pregnancy Clock displays up-to-the-minute estimates of how many teen pregnancies and births have occurred this year. Users can preview and order CFOC materials directly from the web site. Several of the television and radio spots are available for display within a web browser.

342

CATHARSIS: EFFECTIVENESS IN CHILDREN’S AGRESSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is written in response to a previous commentary (Trotter, Eshelman, and Landreth, 2003) advocating therapists’ encouragement of aggression expression in the playroom. The belief that cathartic release of aggression removes hostile impulses has not been supported by research. On the contrary, evidence cited in this review suggests that play therapists who allow children to engage in aggressive play,

Charles E. Schaefer; Deborah Mattei

2005-01-01

343

Social Information Processing in Elementary-School Aged Children with ADHD: Medication Effects and Comparisons with Typical Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined social information processing (SIP) in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD and in controls. Participants\\u000a were 75 children (56 boys, 19 girls) aged 6–12 years, including 41 children with ADHD and 34 controls. Children were randomized\\u000a into medication conditions such that 20 children with ADHD participated after receiving placebo and 21 participated after\\u000a receiving methylphenidate (MPH). Children were shown scenarios

Sara King; Daniel A. Waschbusch; William E. Pelham Jr; Bradley W. Frankland; Brendan F. Andrade; Sophie Jacques; Penny V. Corkum

2009-01-01

344

Correlates of Victimization in Hong Kong Children's Peer Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports two separate cross-sectional investigations that focus on bully/victim problems among Hong Kong school children. Study 1 included 1361 children (670 boys, 691 girls; mean age = 12.6 years) and Study 2 included 288 children (153 boys, 135 girls; mean age = 9.6 years). Children's social and academic functioning was assessed with…

Tom, Shelley R.; Schwartz, David; Chang, Lei; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Xu, Yiyuan

2010-01-01

345

Homeless Children: Meeting the Educational Challenges. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulties faced by homeless children include depression, low self-esteem, lack of sleep and nutrition, and feelings of shame and embarrassment. Challenges faced by schools in providing education to homeless children include: (1) keeping children in one school despite frequent family moves; (2) ensuring that children's health records are…

Goins, Brad; Cesarone, Bernard

346

Obesity in children & adolescents  

PubMed Central

Worldwide, obesity trends are causing serious public health concern and in many countries threatening the viability of basic health care delivery. It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have witnessed an increase in health care costs due to obesity and related issues among children and adolescents. Childhood obesity is a global phenomenon affecting all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. Aetiopathogenesis of childhood obesity is multi-factorial and includes genetic, neuroendocrine, metabolic, psychological, environmental and socio-cultural factors. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, psychological, orthopaedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary and renal disorders are seen in association with childhood obesity. The treatment of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents requires a multidisciplinary, multi-phase approach, which includes dietary management, physical activity enhancement, restriction of sedentary behaviour, pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery. A holistic approach to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic needs a collection of activities including influencing policy makers and legislation, mobilizing communities, restructuring organizational practices, establishing coalitions and networks, empowering providers, imparting community education as well as enriching and reinforcing individual awareness and skills. The implications of this global phenomenon on future generations will be serious unless appropriate action is taken. PMID:21150012

Raj, Manu; Kumar, R. Krishna

2010-01-01

347

Advertising to children in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the legal environment of advertising regulation in Switzerland as it affects children; there is a patchwork of federal and self-regulatory codes, but although the constitution protects children’s physical, mental and moral development, there is no law specifically relating to advertising to children. Outlines restrictions on advertising in specific media and products: television and radio, where tobacco and alcohol advertising

Peter Hofer; Jeannette Bieri

2005-01-01

348

Tracing Young Children's Scientific Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the scientific reasoning of 14 children across their first two years of primary school. Children's view of experimentation, their approach to exploration, and their negotiation of competing knowledge claims, are interpreted in terms of categories of epistemological reasoning. Children's epistemological reasoning is distinguished from their ability to control variables. While individual children differ substantially, they show a

Russell Tytler; Suzanne Peterson

2003-01-01

349

Television and Very Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that children younger than 24 months of age not be exposed to television. Nevertheless, television programs and home videos are increasingly produced for very young children. This article reviews the extant research concerning television and very young children with respect to the AAP recommendation. More very young children are currently watching television

Daniel R. Anderson; Tiffany A. Pempek

2005-01-01

350

Children's Center Student Engagement Report  

E-print Network

Children's Center Student Engagement Report FY 2012-2013 Mission Statement The Children's Center supports the University community by providing high quality care and education for young children to higher education and university employees will have an on-campus facility for their children

de Lijser, Peter

351

Children's Center Student Engagement Report  

E-print Network

Children's Center Student Engagement Report FY 2010-2011 Mission Statement The Children's Center supports the University community by providing high quality care and education for young children to higher education and university employees will have an on-campus facility for their children

de Lijser, Peter

352

Children's Center Student Engagement Report  

E-print Network

Children's Center Student Engagement Report FY 2011-2012 Mission Statement The Children's Center supports the University community by providing high quality care and education for young children to higher education and university employees will have an on-campus facility for their children

de Lijser, Peter

353

Children and Grief. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the death of a loved one brings grief to children as well as adults, this Digest draws on research to examine how children respond to death and the role of parents and teachers in helping children cope with loss. The Digest delineates children's "tasks" during mourning that are essential to their adjustment to loss, such as accepting…

McEntire, Nancy

354

Using Art with Vulnerable Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refugee children are often admitted into schools having experienced traumatic events. The impact of trauma on children has been well documented and these children frequently have complex needs. The Devon Behaviour Support Team (BST) has offered Art Workshops to schools to support children with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties and…

Cumming, Stevi; Visser, John

2009-01-01

355

The Status of Children 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second biennial report on children presents information pertaining to children, discusses the implications and use of such information in planning for children, describes certain historical trends affecting children, and provides updates of statistics and significant expansions on many topics covered in the 1975 report. Part A examines basic…

Snapper, Kurt J.; Ohms, JoAnne S.

356

Children's perceptions of parental behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's perceptions of positive and negative parental behaviors were assessed using a newly-developed scale, the Parent Perception Inventory (PPI). Reliability and validity were examined across a sample of 75 children aged 5 to 13 using additional measures administered to the children and measures completed by their parents. The scale showed acceptable levels of internal consistency. No effects of children's age

Ann Hazzard; Andrew Christensen; Gayla Margolin

1983-01-01

357

Seeing Children's Pleasure with Food  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's relationship with food in early childhood programs is often a complex topic. Families have concerns about "picky eaters" and teachers feel pressure to make sure that children eat enough while in their care. Children bring snacks that teachers describe as junk food and believe this negatively impacts children's behavior. Foods marketed…

Curtis, Deb

2010-01-01

358

Children's Explanations of Family Resemblances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four studies investigated children's explanations for family resemblance and species-typical characteristics, under different conditions of biological parentage and rearing environment. Participating were 226 children between 3 and 11 years. Children Children were presented with a number of different tasks, some involving people and some domestic…

Horobin, Karen D.

359

Exploring young children's geometrical strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores young children's strategies while transforming polygons, through the use of geometrical models. Data were collected from 291 children ranging from 4 to 8 years of age in Cyprus. Children were asked to draw a stairway of specific poly- gons, with each shape being bigger or smaller than its preceding one. Relationships between children's responses in the transformation

ATHANASIOS GAGATSIS; BHARATH SRIRAMAN; ILIADA ELIA; MODESTINA MODESTOU

360

Sleep patterns among ADHD children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews seminal parent survey and polysomnogram research related to sleep patterns of children with ADHD. Although polysomnogram studies have shown no consistent, significant differences between the sleep patterns of medication-free children with and without ADHD, parents have consistently reported that children with ADHD have greater sleep difficulty than other children. Despite widespread clinician caution about insomnia side effects

Beverly Koloian

1995-01-01

361

Media Culture and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains four presentations from workshop on media culture and young children: (1) "Changing Needs, Changing Responses: Rethinking How We Teach Children" (Levin); (2) "Watching Television: What Are Children Learning about Race and Ethnicity?" (Linn and Poussaint); (3) "Empowering Parents and Teachers To Protect Children" (Cantor); and (4) "Helping…

Levin, Diane E.; Linn, Susan; Poussaint, Alvin F.; Cantor, Joanne; Cartwright, Sally

1999-01-01

362

Cohabitation and Children's Family Instability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study estimates how much children's family instability is missed when we do not count transitions into and out of cohabitation, and examines early life course trajectories of children to see whether children who experience maternal cohabitation face more family instability than children who do not. Using data from the 1995 National Survey of…

Kelly Raley, R.; Wildsmith, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

363

Children and war.  

PubMed

Children bear disproportionate consequences of armed conflict. The 21st century continues to see patterns of children enmeshed in international violence between opposing combatant forces, as victims of terrorist warfare, and, perhaps most tragically of all, as victims of civil wars. Innocent children so often are the victims of high-energy wounding from military ordinance. They sustain high-energy tissue damage and massive burns - injuries that are not commonly seen in civilian populations. Children have also been deliberately targeted victims in genocidal civil wars in Africa in the past decade, and hundreds of thousands have been killed and maimed in the context of close-quarter, hand-to-hand assaults of great ferocity. Paediatricians serve as uniformed military surgeons and as civilian doctors in both international and civil wars, and have a significant strategic role to play as advocates for the rights and welfare of children in the context of the evolving 'Laws of War'. One chronic legacy of contemporary warfare is blast injury to children from landmines. Such blasts leave children without feet or lower limbs, with genital injuries, blindness and deafness. This pattern of injury has become one of the post-civil war syndromes encountered by all intensivists and surgeons serving in four of the world's continents. The continued advocacy for the international ban on the manufacture, commerce and military use of antipersonnel landmines is a part of all paediatricians' obligation to promote the ethos of the Laws of War. Post-traumatic stress disorder remains an undertreated legacy of children who have been trapped in the shot and shell of battle as well as those displaced as refugees. An urgent, unfocused and unmet challenge has been the increase in, and plight of, child soldiers themselves. A new class of combatant comprises these children, who also become enmeshed in the triad of anarchic civil war, light-weight weaponry and drug or alcohol addiction. The International Criminal Court has outlawed as a War Crime, the conscription of children under 15 years of age. Nevertheless, there remain more than 300000 child soldiers active and enmeshed in psychopathic violence as part of both civil and international warfare. The typical profile of a child soldier is of a boy between the ages of 8 and 18 years, bonded into a group of armed peers, almost always an orphan, drug or alcohol addicted, amoral, merciless, illiterate and dangerous. Paediatricians have much to do to protect such war-enmeshed children, irrespective of the accident of their place of birth. Only by such vigorous and maintained advocacy can the world's children be better protected from the scourge of future wars. PMID:12654137

Pearn, J

2003-04-01

364

Television's impact on children.  

PubMed

Television has a major impact on children's knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Research has demonstrated the association between television viewing and four areas: (1) children's aggressive behavior; (2) racial and sex-role stereotypes; (3) decreased interest in reading and school activities; and (4) poorer health habits and attitudes. Methodological limitations make it difficult to draw firm conclusions about a causal relationship between television viewing and children's behavior. Representative studies in these four areas are reviewed, important methodological concerns are pointed out, and conclusions from the research findings are drawn. The implications of the data for pediatricians and other health professionals are discussed. PMID:3881727

Zuckerman, D M; Zuckerman, B S

1985-02-01

365

Music and handicapped children.  

PubMed

Handicapped children may gain considerably from being introduced systematically to musical sounds. The benefit comes not only from enjoyment, but also from promoting intellectual, emotional, and social development. Some children who are severely handicapped intellectually may have great musical talent, such as perfect pitch, and if this is systematically cultivated a key can sometimes be found unlocking the barriers to the child's progress. Some examples are described.Several years' experience of working as a music therapist with children both normal and handicapped have convinced me that the use of music as an aid to learning is worth further study and research. PMID:966207

Ricketts, L

1976-08-01

366

Music and handicapped children  

PubMed Central

Handicapped children may gain considerably from being introduced systematically to musical sounds. The benefit comes not only from enjoyment, but also from promoting intellectual, emotional, and social development. Some children who are severely handicapped intellectually may have great musical talent, such as perfect pitch, and if this is systematically cultivated a key can sometimes be found unlocking the barriers to the child's progress. Some examples are described. Several years' experience of working as a music therapist with children both normal and handicapped have convinced me that the use of music as an aid to learning is worth further study and research. PMID:966207

Ricketts, Lesley

1976-01-01

367

Addressing Passive Smoking in Children  

PubMed Central

Background A significant number of parents are unaware or unconvinced of the health consequences of passive smoking (PS) in children. Physicians could increase parental awareness by giving personal advice. Aim To evaluate the current practices of three Dutch health professions (paediatricians, youth health care physicians, and family physicians) regarding parental counselling for passive smoking (PS) in children. Methods All physicians (n?=?720) representing the three health professions in Limburg, the Netherlands, received an invitation to complete a self-administered electronic questionnaire including questions on their: sex, work experience, personal smoking habits, counselling practices and education regarding PS in children. Results The response rate was 34%. One tenth (11%) of the responding physicians always addressed PS in children, 32% often, 54% occasionally and 4% reported to never attend to it. The three health professions appeared comparable regarding their frequency of parental counselling for PS in children. Addressing PS was more likely when children had respiratory problems. Lack of time was the most frequently mentioned barrier, being very and somewhat applicable for respectively 14% and 43% of the physicians. One fourth of the responders had received postgraduate education about PS. Additionally, 49% of the responders who did not have any education about PS were interested in receiving it. Conclusions Physicians working in the paediatric field in Limburg, the Netherlands, could more frequently address PS in children with parents. Lack of time appeared to be the most mentioned barrier and physicians were more likely to counsel parents for PS in children with respiratory complaints/diseases. Finally, a need for more education on parental counselling for PS was expressed. PMID:24809443

Hutchinson, Sasha G.; Kuijlaars, Jennifer S.; Mesters, Ilse; Muris, Jean W. M.; van Schayck, Constant P.; Dompeling, Edward; Feron, Frans J. M.

2014-01-01

368

Children's Literature on Neutron Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Children's literature is simple discussion of complicated issues. Neutron stars are discussed in several children's books. Using libraries in Chicago, I will review children's books on neutron stars and compare the literature to literature from scientific discussions of neutron stars on sites like the Chandra site, Hubble Space Telescope site and NASA site. The result will be a discussion of problems and issues involved in discussion of neutron stars. Do children's books leave material out? Do children's books discuss recent observations? Do children's books discuss anything discredited or wrong? How many children's books are in resources like World Cat, the Library of Congress catalog, and the Chicago Public Library catalog? Could children's books be useful to present some of your findings or observations or projects? Children's books are useful for both children and scientist as they present simplified discussion of topics, although sometimes issues are simplified too much.

Struck, James

369

IQ of Children Growing Up in Children’s Homes: A Meta-Analysis on IQ Delays in Orphanages  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this meta-analysis of 75 studies on more than 3,888 children in 19 different countries, the intellectual development of children living in children’s homes (orphanages) was compared with that of children living with their (foster) families. Children growing up in children’s homes showed lower IQ’s than did children growing up in a family (trimmed d = 0.74). The age at

Marinus H. van Ijzendoorn; Maartje P. C. M. Luijk; Femmie Juffer

2008-01-01

370

Astronomy Outreach for Special Needs Children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While there are many outreach programs for the public and for children, there are few programs for special needs children. I describe a NASA-STScI-IDEAS funded outreach program I created for children using a telescope (including remote and robotic observations), hands-on astronomy demonstrations (often with edible ingredients). The target audience is seriously ill children with special medical needs and their families who are staying at the Long Island Ronald McDonald House in conjunction the children's surgery and medical treatments at local hospitals. These educational activities help children and their families learn about astronomy while providing a diversion to take their minds off their illness during a stressful time. A related program for hospitalized children has been started at the Hagedorn Pediatric Inpatient Center at Winthrop University Hospital.

Lubowich, D.

2008-06-01

371

Children's Environmental Concerns: Expressing Ecophobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

While numerous quantitative studies across disciplines have investigated children's knowledge and attitudes about environmental problems, few studies examine children's feelings about environmental problems—and even fewer have focused on the child's point of view. Through 50 in-depth interviews with urban children (ages 10–12) this research aimed to fill the scholarly gap in our understanding of children's environmental concerns by voicing children's

Susan Jean Strife

2012-01-01

372

Lessons from children's television: The impact of the Children's Television Act on children's learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1990 Children's Television Act (CTA) requires broadcasters to provide educational and informational television programs for children. A multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, utilizing both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, was used to investigate the degree to which the CTA has had an effect on children's viewing experiences and learning. Second- to sixth-grade children's preferences and comprehension of content from prosocial and academic

Sandra L. Calvert; Jennifer A. Kotler

2003-01-01

373

How Children Learn To Write: Supporting and Developing Children's Writing in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book outlines the processes involved when children learn to write, and it shows how certain strategies can improve children's progress in writing. Dealing with the age range 3-13, the book addresses issues of the gender gap, children with English as an additional language, and left-handedness. It includes ideas for assessment of writing. It…

Latham, Dorothy

374

Self-Esteem: A Comparison between Hong Kong Children and Newly Arrived Chinese Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-esteem Inventory developed by Coopersmith (1967) was used to measure the self-esteem of 387 Chinese children. The sample included newly arrived mainland Chinese children and Hong Kong children. The results showed significant statistical differences when measuring the self-esteem level associated with the length of their stay in Hong Kong…

Chan, Yiu Man; Chan, Christine Mei-Sheung

2004-01-01

375

Is children’s choice in health care rhetoric or reality? A scoping review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title. Is children's choice in health care rhetoric or reality? A scoping review. Aim. This paper is a report of a scoping review examining children and young people's health services with respect to choice in order to inform future development of choice initiatives. Background. The importance of including children and young people in the choice agenda reflects the increasing acknowledgement

Jane E. Coad; Karen L. Shaw

2008-01-01

376

Sleep Changes in Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

Sleep Changes in Children (1:05) Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence. choose settings to watch video: Windows Media Player - high | low QuickTime - high | low

377

Traveling with children  

MedlinePLUS

... to munch on). If you call ahead, some airlines may be able to prepare special kid's meals. ... with children. Check with them. Remember to ask airlines, train, or bus companies and hotels for guidance ...

378

ChicagoChildrens  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Headlines Pediatric Oncology Branch Home > Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals > Training Headline Title Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Child/Pediatric Psychology Post-Doctoral Fellowship The Children's Hospital of

379

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children What symptoms would my child have? Frequent or chronic abdominal pain is the ... pancreatitis will develop diabetes in adolescence. Who gets chronic pancreatitis? Those at risk for chronic pancreatitis are ...

380

Keeping Our Children Safe  

E-print Network

Keeping Our Children Safe Among Strangers see inside If you have a problem, first try to resolve in newspapers and on TV and the Internet. Don't consider an ad an indication of work quality. Talk to others who

Liskiewicz, Maciej

381

Full of Cynical Children  

E-print Network

art exhibit that featured pictures of coldly smiling children challenging the innocence of childhood drew a record 85,000 visitors. Well, all we can say is: we'll be SSBAd.. #ceas #schneiderwind #SouthKorea #tsutsui...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-06-07

382

Wheelchairs for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... it is always a major investment. Assistance with finances is dependent upon available medical insurance and/or ... use of organizations, parents, educators, and interested friends. Internet Resources for Special Children (IRSC) Web site: http:// ...

383

Obesity in children  

MedlinePLUS

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as overweight, which means a ... they develop more fat cells and may develop obesity. Normally, infants and young children respond to signals ...

384

Hearing Loss in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... a child’s ability to develop communication, language, and social skills. The earlier children with hearing loss start getting ... Index Policies Using this Site Link to Us Social Media Contact CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...

385

Proteinuria in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... probably has a benign (harmless) condition such as orthostatic proteinuria (see below). If a lot of protein ... may also do some blood tests. What is orthostatic proteinuria? Orthostatic proteinuria occurs in some older children ...

386

Curing Children's Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... at NIH. Photo courtesy of NIH Madelen's Song of Help Madelen makes friends easily, even with the shyest kids. They love to play together at The Children's Inn at NIH, where they stay when being ...

387

Children's Craniofacial Association  

MedlinePLUS

... to empower and give hope to individuals and families affected by facial differences. Nationally and internationally, CCA addresses the medical, financial, psychosocial, emotional, and educational concerns relating to craniofacial conditions. © 2013 Children's Craniofacial Association

388

Intestinal Polyps (in Children)  

MedlinePLUS

... of the lining of the small and / or large intestine or stomach. Most commonly, polyps are shaped like ... they? A polyp(s) may be found in the large intestine in about 1-2% of children. The most ...

389

Teaching Children about AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health authorities believe that formal instruction about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is crucial by grades 6 to 8. Teachers of primary children, however, need to be prepared to answer questions in a knowledgeable, reassuring way. Resources are listed. (MT)

Schall, Jane; Harbaugh, Mary

1987-01-01

390

Children's Hospitals Directory  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse and neglect Child life Conjoined twins separation Day care for children with special health care needs Dentistry ... physical therapy Respite care School-based health Sick day care (public) Speech therapy Substance abuse Support groups Transplant ...

391

Exercise for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... of physical activity every day. Regular exercise helps children Feel less stressed Feel better about themselves Feel more ready to learn in school Keep a healthy weight Build and keep healthy bones, muscles and ...

392

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

393

Sleep disorders in children.  

PubMed

Although sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are common in both children and adults, the clinical features and treatments for these conditions differ considerably between these two populations. Whereas an adult with obstructive sleep apnea typically presents with a history of obesity, snoring, and prominent daytime somnolence, a child with the condition is more likely to present with normal body weight, tonsillar hypertrophy, and inattentiveness during school classes. The adult with suspected sleep apnea almost always undergoes a baseline polysomnogram and proceeds to treatment only if this test confirms the diagnosis, while many children with suspected sleep apnea are treated empirically with adenotonsillectomy without ever receiving a sleep study to verify the diagnosis. This article reviews sleep disorders in children, with a particular focus on age-related changes in sleep, conditions that primarily affect children, and disorders for which clinical manifestations and treatment differ substantially from the adult population. PMID:20146688

Hoban, Timothy F

2010-01-01

394

Hearing Problems in Children  

MedlinePLUS

Most children hear and listen from the moment they are born. They learn to talk by imitating the sounds around them ... United States are born deaf or hard-of-hearing. More lose their hearing later during childhood. Babies ...

395

Home safety - children  

MedlinePLUS

... guards on windows to prevent them from opening wide enough for a child to fit through. Make ... a safe spot away from young children. Set the water heater temperature to 120°F. Always test the ...

396

Cochlear implants in children.  

PubMed

In recent years, the House single-electrode cochlear implant has proven to be a clinically feasible prosthesis for profoundly deaf adults. Based on these findings, the decision was made to begin implanting those children who could not benefit from hearing aids. As of August 1982, 23 profoundly deaf children (ranging in age from 3.4 to 17.5 yrs) have received the cochlear implant. The majority were deafened by meningitis. Results to date indicate that children demonstrate sound field thresholds and receive timing/intensity information comparable to that of adult implant patients. Results have been extremely encouraging, but only long-term experience will determine the ultimate benefit of the implant in children. PMID:6687579

Eisenberg, L S; Berliner, K I; Thielemeir, M A; Kirk, K I; Tiber, N

1983-01-01

397

Children’s understanding of the relationship between addition and subtraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In learning mathematics, children must master fundamental logical relationships, including the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction. At the start of elementary school, children lack generalized understanding of this relationship in the context of exact arithmetic problems: they fail to judge, for example, that 12+9?9 yields 12. Here, we investigate whether preschool children’s approximate number knowledge nevertheless supports understanding of

Camilla K. Gilmore; Elizabeth S. Spelke

2008-01-01

398

Are children’s perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine cross-sectional associations between neighbourhood social environmental factors and physical activity (PA) among Australian primary school children. Baseline data from a large-scale trial among 957 children (48% boys) aged 9–12 years were utilised. Children self-reported their perceptions of the neighbourhood social environment including social networks (e.g. there are lots of other children around to play with),

Clare Hume; Michelle Jorna; Lauren Arundell; Julie Saunders; David Crawford; Jo Salmon

2009-01-01

399

Children's awareness of memorability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determined whether young elementary school children lack the ability to distinguish between easy- and hard-to-remember events. 96 children in kindergarten and Grades 2, 4, and 6 were shown a mixed categorical\\/unrelated list of 18 pictures and were asked to predict which items they would be able to recall. Although kindergartners significantly overpredicted the number of items they would remember, a

Patricia E. Worden; Linda J. Sladewski-Awig

1982-01-01

400

Cryptosporidiosis in immunocompetent children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cryptosporidial oocysts were identified by modified Ziehl-Neelsen stain in the stools of seven (3.2%) of 213 children with acute or chronic diarrhoea and one (0.9%) of 112 controls. All children with cryptosporidia were immunocompetent. Four of the index cases had a short illness (3-14 days) with watery diarrhoea, vomiting (2), and abdominal pain (2). Two index cases had chronic diarrhoea

D Isaacs; G H Hunt; A D Phillips; E H Price; F Raafat; J A Walker-Smith

1985-01-01

401

Ocular trauma in children.  

PubMed

1. The frequency of eye injuries in children is high. The frequency and severity of at least 90% of these injuries, however, could be prevented. 2. Toys, especially bicycles and BB guns, are a major source of eye injury. Another major cause of ocular trauma is sports-related injuries. 3. Ophthalmic professionals should emphasize the role of spectacles as a protective device for children and advise parents of the advantages of polycarbonate spectacles. PMID:7966381

Kutschke, P J

1994-01-01

402

Children's Experience with Death.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's concepts of death grow with their age and development The three-year-old begins to notice that living things move and make sounds. The five-year-old thinks that life and death are reversable, but the six-year-old knows that death is final and brings sorrow. Children from eight through ten are interested in the causes of death and what…

Zeligs, Rose

403

Children, adolescents, and advertising.  

PubMed

Advertising is a pervasive influence on children and adolescents. Young people view more than 40,000 ads per year on television alone and increasingly are being exposed to advertising on the Internet, in magazines, and in schools. This exposure may contribute significantly to childhood and adolescent obesity, poor nutrition, and cigarette and alcohol use. Media education has been shown to be effective in mitigating some of the negative effects of advertising on children and adolescents. PMID:17142547

Strasburger, Victor C

2006-12-01

404

Children's Museum of Houston  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Children's Museum of Houston provides resources for educators, parents, and children. The site is intended to provide activities that accompany the exhibits in the museum. However, many of the activities can be done or can be modified to be done outside of the museum. By clicking on the "Education" tab, you will be directed to lesson ideas, field trip information, and other enrichment programs.

2012-01-01

405

Pharmacovigilance for children's sake.  

PubMed

Child age-specific information on efficacy and risk of medicines can be limited for healthcare professionals and patients. It is therefore very important to make the best use of a risk planned approach to the pharmacological treatment of children. This means pharmacovigilance in the broadest sense of gaining the best data from the use of medicines in clinical practice. We consider issues that complicate safe medication use in paediatric care, as well as current progress and provide suggestions for building knowledge within paediatric pharmacovigilance to be used to minimise patient harm. The continuous development in children constitutes a challenge to prescribing and administering age-suitable doses for individual children. Children are not only different from adults but differ vastly within their own age group. Physical growth during childhood is apparent to the eye, but less obvious is the ongoing maturation of organ function important for drug disposition and action. Systematic issues such as medication errors, off-label use and the lack of age-suitable formulations are considerable obstacles for safe medication use in paediatrics. The recognition of emerging adverse drug reactions could be more challenging in developing children. Initiatives to improve the situation have been made by the WHO and regulators in the USA and EU. Age-specific changes in physiology, pharmacology and psychology, as well as systematic issues specific for children need to be considered in the work of assessing spontaneous reports in children. Pharmacovigilance needs to broaden its aims considerably beyond merely capturing new associations between drugs and events, and encompass careful collection on patient characteristics and circumstances around the reported adverse drug reaction to provide essential information that will give clues on how to prevent harm to children. PMID:24446277

Star, Kristina; Edwards, I Ralph

2014-02-01

406

To children with love.  

PubMed

People debating population growth in India and why adults in India choose to bear so many children seem to either not understand or overlook that people in India like children; the more the better. Indeed, children interest every Indian, with new mothers receiving advice on baby care from all quarters. The child is king in India, spoiled, but generally well-behaved. It could be that children receive so much attention from many loving relatives that they do not need to act out in order to get attention. Having a child is the focus and meaning of married life. Without a child, life loses its color and joy. Moreover, childless couples face the insecurity of not having children to care for them once they grow old. The author notes her failure to observe children who were poorly adjusted and sad because they habitually shared a bed with their parents. As concerned individuals ponder the perils of global population growth, they might consider the merit of the Indian view on the subject. PMID:12289895

Kumar, K T

1995-01-01

407

Children's Books: Awards and Prizes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a compilation of honors awarded in the children's book field by organizations, schools, universities, publishers, and newspapers. Major international and foreign awards of English speaking countries are included. The awards are arranged alphabetically. Each award entry includes a brief history of the award and a list of all…

Colbert, Margaret, Comp.

408

Obesity, Children, Medications, and Pharmacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood obesity is an epidemic in America. From 1999 to 2005, the number of hospitalizations for children aged 2 to 19 years nearly doubled. In 2000, the total cost of obesity was $117 billion. Causes of obesity include diet, lifestyle, food advertisements, and genetics. Complications include heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, respiratory problems and cancer. Obesity can also hinder social growth.

Gopi Patel; Zain Syed; Thomas Reutzel

2011-01-01

409

Children Explain the Rainbow: Using Young Children’s Ideas to Guide Science Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines young children’s ideas about natural science phenomena and explores possibilities in starting investigations\\u000a in kindergarten from their ideas. Given the possibilities inherent in how young children make sense of their experiences,\\u000a we believe it is critical to take children’s perspectives into consideration when designing any activities, and ideally, to\\u000a design activities from their perspectives and understandings. Specifically,

Christina Siry; Isabelle Kremer

2011-01-01

410

Adenoviral pneumonia in children.  

PubMed

This report reviews the manifestations in fifteen children of proved adenoviral pneumonia. Patients' ages ranged from 43 days to 4 years and 1 month. Twelve cases were younger than 2 years old. Adenoviral infections were proved by positive viral cultures or a four-fold increase of the complement fixation titer. Prolonged fever and cough were found in all cases. In 13 patients, respiratory distress occurred; 5 needed mechanical ventilation. Injected throats, conjunctivae and ear drums were common. Other clinical pictures included abdominal discomfort, hepatomegaly, skin rash, convulsion and bleeding tendency. Abnormal laboratory findings were mild anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein, impaired liver function test, and prolonged prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time. Anemia (11 cases), leukopenia (7 cases) and elevated transaminases levels (7 cases) were more common than previously reported. All patients had para-hilar peribronchial infiltrates in chest roentgenography. Segmental atelectasis and compensated hyper-expansion were found frequently. Pleural effusion were noted in six of our cases. Air leak syndrome occurred in three patients who had received mechanical ventilation. Three of the 15 patients expired: one had a preceding measles infection, all had disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. For patients with antibiotic-resistant pneumonia, adenoviral studies should be done. Extrapulmonary manifestations, and some abnormal laboratory findings, i.e., mild anemia, leukopenia, impaired liver function are clues to adenoviral infections, while bleeding tendency can be regarded as a poor prognostic sign for children with adenoviral pneumonia. PMID:1325094

Chiu, N C; Huang, F Y

1992-01-01

411

Carol Hurst's Children's Literature Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers numerous children's literature resources created by Carol Hurst, "a nationally-known storyteller, lecturer, author and language arts consultant." The site's main section consists of a large collection of book reviews and ideas for how to use them in the classroom. Reviews of Featured Books also includes discussion topics, activities, related books and links to other subjects and resources. Users will also find resource collections (book titles, activities, related links) for specific curriculum areas and selected themes. In addition, the site contains a number of professional resources including a quarterly children's literature newsletter.

412

Why Do Cocks Crow? Children's Concepts About Birds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research into children’s ideas showed that children’s interpretations of natural phenomena often differ from those of scientists. The aim of our study was to identify children’s ideas of various age classes (7/8-14/15) about birds. A questionnaire with 31 multiple choice and open ended questions and eight photographs were administered to 495 children from 10 elementary schools in Slovakia. Children’s ideas were examined in six dimensions (bird classification, food, senses, communication, migration and breeding including parental care). We found several misconceptions, some of them with both anthropomorphical and teleological reasoning of the children about birds within each dimension. In general, misconceptions were more frequently found in younger children, but several misconceptions were similarly distributed across all age classes.

Prokop, Pavol; Kubiatko, Milan; Fan?ovi?ová, Jana

2007-10-01

413

Families Promoting Travel Skills for Their Children with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests ways that families of children with visual impairments can promote the travel skills of their children. Topics covered include ways to share information during travel, involving children in travel, involving children with nondrivers, helping adolescents who will not drive gain increased independence, and supporting young…

Rosenblum, L. Penny; Corn, Anne L.

2003-01-01

414

Possibilities and Quandaries for Young Children's Active Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Concepts of children's citizenship are highly contested. Contemporary policy and rhetoric increasingly includes the concept of citizenship in relation to children, yet there is considerable ambiguity as to what children's citizenship actually means. Unlike other marginalized groups, it is not children claiming citizenship rights…

Phillips, Louise

2011-01-01

415

Fathers and Young Children's Literacy Experiences in a Family Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research provides evidence that fathers can promote the development of their children's literacy skills, including reading books to them that are appropriate, engaging their children in discussions about books they read, recording in a notebook the books the children have read and encouraging their children to read more books. This review presents…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2007-01-01

416

Self Representation in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to examine the roles of mental age, social interaction, and communication in self-representation abilities, typically-developing children were compared with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Typically-developing children (TD, n = 66) and children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD, n = 20), including subgroups of autistic disorder…

Carmody, Dennis P.; Lewis, Michael

2012-01-01

417

Neglected Children: Understanding, Identifying and Working with Their Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who experience neglect require immediate help because severe deprivation can affect all aspects of children's development. Parental behaviors indicative of child neglect include failure to (1) feed children adequately, (2) insure adequate medical care, (3) maintain good personal hygiene, (4) clothe children appropriately, (5) supervise…

Roscoe, Bruce

418

Evidence-Based Therapies for Oppositional Behavior in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this chapter is to present and critically evaluate current evidence-based interventions for oppositional behavior (OB) in young children. Children with OB are typically described by parents and teachers as argumentative, disobedient, disruptive, demanding, and defiant. We have operationalized “young children” as including children between the ages of 3 and 8, thus encompassing the preschool and early

Robert J. McMahon; Julie S. Kotler

419

Elevated nitrite in breath condensates of children with respiratory disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the differences in nitrite, in the exhaled breath condensates of healthy children and those children with asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF) and nonasthmatic, episodic cough. Breath condensates were obtained from 66 children (43 males:23 females, 3.1?16 yrs) and included 29 asthmatics, 12 clinically stable CF patients, 12 children with cough but not

W. Formanek; D. Inci; R. P. Lauener; J. H. Wildhaber; U. Frey; G. L. Hall

2002-01-01

420

Children's Voice. Volume 15, Number 5, September/October 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By publishing a diverse range of views on a wide array of topics, "Children's Voice" seeks to encourage public discussion and debate among those who are committed to helping children and families. "Children's Voice" is published bimonthly by the Child Welfare League of America. This issue of "Children's Voice" includes: (1) Defining Family:…

Boehm, Steven S., Ed.

2006-01-01

421

Nineteenth Century Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database, maintained by the publishing house of Chadwyck-Healey, Ltd., provides searchable records of the British Library's Children's Literature collection, which contains 2,369 titles on 5,527 fiches. Search parameters include title and complete record keyword, author, subject, publisher, year(s) of publication, microfiche number, and number of records retrieved. (Users may also browse possible search terms for each parameter.) Each entry gives a full bibliographic record for the individual text, including author, uniform title, imprint, place and date of publication, pagination, copy-specific notes, British Library shelfmark, and Fiche quantity and number. The site is part of The Nineteenth Century, a larger collection from Chadwyck-Healey and the British Library that catalogs an impressive array of nineteenth-century texts useful for historical and cultural studies.

422

Bacterial meningitis in older children.  

PubMed

A review was performed of 25 cases of bacterial meningitis in previously healthy children aged 6 years or older during a 10-year period. The rate of infection in this age group relative to all cases of pediatric bacterial meningitis was 4%. Pathogens included Haemophilus influenzae type b in 10 cases (40%), Neisseria meningitidis in 9 cases (36%), and Streptococcus pneumoniae in 6 cases (24%). Physical findings revealed 21 patients (84%) with some degree of altered consciousness and 25 patients (100%) with nuchal rigidity. In all instances, the cerebrospinal fluid exhibited pleocytosis with a predominance of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Eleven patients (44%) were afebrile on presentation. Of 22 surviving patients, 10 (45%) were afebrile without subsequent fever after administration of the initial dose of antibiotics, in 5 (23%) fever resolved within 24 hours, and in 6 (27%) fever resolved within 48 hours of treatment; there was no instance of prolonged or secondary fever noted. Death occurred in 3 cases (12%). Bacterial meningitis is uncommon in older children. As compared with younger children, older children with bacterial meningitis commonly present without fever and tend to have their fever resolve shortly after effective antibiotic therapy is initiated without manifesting prolonged or secondary fever patterns. Haemophilus influenzae type b is a common cause of bacterial meningitis in children aged 6 years or older; empirical antibiotic therapy in this clinical situation should include treatment of this pathogen. PMID:2321610

Bonadio, W A; Mannenbach, M; Krippendorf, R

1990-04-01

423

Anxiety, Depression, and Irritability in Children with Autism Relative to Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Typical Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maternal ratings of anxiety, depression, and irritability were analyzed in 1390 children (6-16 years of age), including 233 children with high functioning autism (HFA, IQ greater than or equal to 80), 117 children with low functioning autism (LFA, IQ less than 80), 187 typical children, and 853 children with other disorders. As a group, children

Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Murray, Michael J.; Ahuja, Meesha; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

424

Pharmacokinetics of ethionamide in children.  

PubMed

Ethionamide (ETH), a second-line antituberculosis drug, is frequently used in treating childhood tuberculosis. Data supporting ETH dose recommendations in children are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters for ETH in children on antituberculosis treatment including ETH. ETH serum levels were prospectively assessed in 31 children in 3 age groups (0 to 2 years, 2 to 6 years, and 6 to 12 years). Within each age group, half received rifampin (RMP). Following an oral dose of ETH (15 to 20 mg/kg of body weight), blood samples were collected at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 h following 1 and 4 months of ETH therapy. The maximum serum concentration (C(max)), time to C(max) (T(max)), and area under the time-concentration curve from 0 to 6 h (AUC(0-6)) were calculated. Younger children were exposed to lower ETH concentrations than older children at the same mg/kg body weight dose. Age correlated significantly with the AUC after both 1 month (r = 0.50, P = 0.001) and 4 months (r = 0.63, P = 0.001) of therapy. There was no difference in the AUC or C(max) between children receiving concomitant treatment with RMP and those who did not. Time on treatment did not influence the pharmacokinetic parameters of ETH following 1 and 4 months of therapy. HIV infection was associated with lower ETH exposure. In conclusion, ETH at an oral dose of 15 to 20 mg/kg results in sufficient serum concentrations compared to current adult recommended levels in the majority of children across all age groups. ETH levels were influenced by young age and HIV status but were not affected by concomitant RMP treatment and duration of therapy. PMID:21788468

Thee, S; Seifart, H I; Rosenkranz, B; Hesseling, A C; Magdorf, K; Donald, P R; Schaaf, H S

2011-10-01

425

The State of the World's Children 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This UNICEF State of the World's Children report (last reviewed in the December 11, 1998 Scout Report) includes an appeal for a new international coalition on behalf of children. The report also summarizes progress made since the 1990 World Summit for Children and the challenges that remain. Included in the report are a number of photographs, maps, tables, and a glossary. A summary, features (a collection of children's own words on important issues), RealPlayer videos, and a .pdf version of the report are available form the main page.

426

A Comparison of the Speech and Language Skills of Children With Cochlear Implants and Children With Normal Hearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the language skills of children with cochlear implants (CIs) compared to normal hearing (NH) peers. Standardized speech and language measures, including speech articulation, receptive and expressive vocabulary, syntax and morphology, and metalinguistics, were administered to 39 congenitally deaf children, ages 5 to 14, and a matched sample of NH children. Many CI children demonstrated age-appropriate scores on

Efrat A. Schorr; Froma P. Roth; Nathan A. Fox

2008-01-01

427

A comparison of coping strategies used by parents of children with disabilities and parents of children without disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether coping strategies differ in parents of children with disabilities and parents of children without disabilities. Participants consisted of 112 parents, including 50 parents of children with disabilities and 62 parents of children without disabilities. It was hypothesized that coping strategies would be different between the two parent groups. It was also

Angela Paster; David Brandwein; Joanne Walsh

2009-01-01

428

A Comparison of Coping Strategies Used by Parents of Children with Disabilities and Parents of Children without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether coping strategies differ in parents of children with disabilities and parents of children without disabilities. Participants consisted of 112 parents, including 50 parents of children with disabilities and 62 parents of children without disabilities. It was hypothesized that coping strategies…

Paster, Angela; Brandwein, David; Walsh, Joanne

2009-01-01

429

Aggressive Behaviour in Early Elementary School Children: Relations to Authoritarian Parenting, Children's Negative Emotionality and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether authoritarian parenting, children's negative emotionality and negative coping strategies independently or jointly predict children's aggressive behaviour at school. Participants included the teachers and mothers of 185 Hong Kong resident Chinese children (90 girls and 95 boys), aged 6-8. Teachers rated the children's…

Chan, Siu Mui

2010-01-01

430

Links between mothers' and children's disinhibited eating and children's adiposity.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined relationships between parents' and children's specific disinhibited eating behaviors. We investigated links among mothers' and children's binge/loss of control eating, eating in the absence of hunger, and children's adiposity in 305 non-treatment-seeking youth, aged 8-17 years (13.62±2.65 years; 49.8% female) and their mothers. Youths' loss of control eating and eating in the absence of hunger were assessed by interview and self-report questionnaire. Children's adiposity was assessed with BMI-z and air displacement plethysmography. Maternal binge eating, eating in the absence of hunger and highest, non-pregnant BMI were self-reported. In structural equation models controlling for mothers' BMI, mothers' binge eating related to children's loss of control eating, and mothers' eating in the absence of hunger related to children's eating in the absence of hunger. Mothers' binge eating and children's eating in the absence of hunger were unrelated, as were mothers' eating in the absence of hunger and children's loss of control. Further, mothers' binge eating was indirectly related to children's adiposity through children's loss of control eating. Likewise, mothers' eating in the absence of hunger indirectly related to children's adiposity through children's eating in the absence of hunger. Mothers and children share similar, specific disinhibited eating styles. PMID:21182882

Zocca, Jaclyn M; Shomaker, Lauren B; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Columbo, Kelli M; Raciti, Gina R; Brady, Sheila M; Crocker, Melissa K; Ali, Asem H; Matheson, Brittany E; Yanovski, Susan Z; Yanovski, Jack A

2011-04-01

431

Through children's much-loved classical music ~ Prokofiev's Peter & the Wolf and Saint-Sans'Carnival of the Animals ~ participants walk a magical path of storytelling, music sampling and art. Daily activities include  

E-print Network

Through children's much-loved classical music ~ Prokofiev's Peter & the Wolf and Saint-Saëns'Carnival of the Animals ~ participants walk a magical path of storytelling, music sampling and art. Daily activities include singing, music-making and movement activities, as well as musical visits from Rowan Prep's violin

Rusu, Adrian

432

Transforming children's palliative care--from ideas to action: highlights from the first ICPCN conference on children's palliative care  

PubMed Central

The International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) held its first international conference on children’s palliative care, in conjunction with Tata Memorial Centre, in Mumbai, India, from 10–12 February 2014. The theme of the conference, Transforming children’s palliative care—from ideas to action, reflected the vision of the ICPCN to live in a world where every child who needs it, can access palliative care, regardless of where they live. Key to this is action, to develop service provision and advocate for children’s palliative care. Three pre-conference workshops were held on 9 February, aimed at doctors, nurses, social workers, and volunteers, and focused around the principles of children’s palliative care, and in particular pain and symptom management. The conference brought together 235 participants representing 38 countries. Key themes identified throughout the conference included: the need for advocacy and leadership; for education and research, with great strides having been taken in the development of an evidence base for children’s palliative care, along with the provision of education; the importance of communication and attention to spirituality in children, and issues around clinical care, in particular for neonates. Delegates were continually challenged to transform children’s palliative care in their parts of the world and the conference culminated in the signing of the ICPCN Mumbai Declaration. The Declaration calls upon governments around the world to improve access to quality children’s palliative care services and made a call on the Belgian government not to pass a bill allowing children to be euthanised in that country. The conference highlighted many of the ongoing developments in children’s palliative care around the world, and as she closed the conference, Joan Marston (ICPCN CEO) challenged participants to take positive action and be the champions that the children need, thus transforming children’s palliative care. PMID:24761156

Downing, J; Marston, J; Muckaden, MA; Boucher, S; Cardoz, M; Nkosi, B; Steel, B; Talawadekar, P; Tilve, P

2014-01-01

433

Olympic education and Olympism: still colonizing children’s minds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terms Olympic education and Olympism encompass a variety of educational initiatives aimed at children and youth in school and community settings, in addition to courses taught under the heading of Olympic Studies in college and university institutions. In this article, a critical analysis of these initiatives is presented, as well as reviewing the relevant secondary literature, including the small

Helen Jefferson Lenskyj

2012-01-01

434

Gardening with Children: My Summers at Beanstalk Children's Garden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased interest in recent years on gardening with children and a variety of programs have been started to support different types of programmatic goals. Goals of gardening programs include environmental stewardship, personal growth/social skills, an integrated learning environment, nutrition/health, science education, practical…

Stoecklin, Vicki L.

2009-01-01

435

Patterns of brain activation in foster children and nonmaltreated children during an inhibitory control task.  

PubMed

Children in foster care have often encountered a range of adverse experiences, including neglectful and/or abusive care and multiple caregiver transitions. Prior research findings suggest that such experiences negatively affect inhibitory control and the underlying neural circuitry. In the current study, event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was employed during a go/no go task that assesses inhibitory control to compare the behavioral performance and brain activation of foster children and nonmaltreated children. The sample included two groups of 9- to 12-year-old children: 11 maltreated foster children and 11 nonmaltreated children living with their biological parents. There were no significant group differences on behavioral performance on the task. In contrast, patterns of brain activation differed by group. The nonmaltreated children demonstrated stronger activation than did the foster children across several regions, including the right anterior cingulate cortex, the middle frontal gyrus, and the right lingual gyrus, during correct no go trials, whereas the foster children displayed stronger activation than the nonmaltreated children in the left inferior parietal lobule and the right superior occipital cortex, including the lingual gyrus and cuneus, during incorrect no go trials. These results provide preliminary evidence that the early adversity experienced by foster children impacts the neural substrates of inhibitory control. PMID:24229540

Bruce, Jacqueline; Fisher, Philip A; Graham, Alice M; Moore, William E; Peake, Shannon J; Mannering, Anne M

2013-11-01

436

Patterns of Brain Activation in Foster Children and Nonmaltreated Children During an Inhibitory Control Task  

PubMed Central

Children in foster care have often encountered a range of adverse experiences, including neglectful and/or abusive care and multiple caregiver transitions. Prior research findings suggest that such experiences negatively affect inhibitory control and the underlying neural circuitry. In the current study, event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was employed during a go/no go task that assesses inhibitory control to compare the behavioral performance and brain activation of foster children and nonmaltreated children. The sample included two groups of 9- to 12-year-old children: 11 maltreated foster children and 11 nonmaltreated children living with their biological parents. There were no significant group differences on behavioral performance on the task. In contrast, patterns of brain activation differed by group. The nonmaltreated children demonstrated stronger activation than the foster children across several regions including the right anterior cingulate cortex, middle frontal gyrus, and right lingual gyrus during correct no go trials, whereas the foster children displayed stronger activation than the nonmaltreated children in the left inferior parietal lobule and right superior occipital cortex including the lingual gyrus and cuneus during incorrect no go trials. These results provide preliminary evidence that the early adversity experienced by foster children impacts the neural substrates of inhibitory control. PMID:24229540

Bruce, Jacqueline; Fisher, Philip A.; Graham, Alice M.; Moore, William E.; Peake, Shannon J.; Mannering, Anne M.

2012-01-01

437

Prevalence of pediculosis capitis among Korean children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pediculus humanus capitis is an ectoparasite, which causes scalp pruritus particularly among children. A total of 15,373 children including 8,018 boys\\u000a and 7,355 girls from 26 primary schools and 15 kindergartens attached to the primary schools and a total of 33 children from\\u000a an orphanage were examined for head lice infestation (HLI). The overall prevalence of HLI in this study

Jeong-Min Oh; In Yong Lee; Won-Ja Lee; Min Seo; Sol-Ah Park; Seung Hyun Lee; Jang Hoon Seo; Tai-Soon Yong; Soon-Jung Park; Myeong Heon Shin; Ki-Soo Pai; Jae-Ran Yu; Seobo Sim

2010-01-01

438

Math and Children's Literature (Carol Hurst's Children's Literature Site)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains links to various resources related to math connections in children's literature: previously published articles, sample chapters with activities from a book and CD, and reviews of math-related children's books.

Hurst, Carol O.; Otis, Rebecca

1996-03-01

439

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children  

PubMed Central

The causes of encephalitis are numerous, and extensive investigations for infectious agents and other etiologies are often negative. The discovery that many of these encephalitis are immune mediated has changed the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Moreover, the broad spectrum of symptoms including, psychosis, catatonia, alterations of behavior and memory, seizures, abnormal movements, and autonomic dysregulation usually requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. This review focuses in several forms of encephalitis that occur in children, and for which an autoimmune etiology has been demonstrated (eg, anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis) or is strongly suspected (eg, Rasmussen encephalitis, limbic encephalitis, opsoclonus-myoclonus). The authors also review several disorders that may be immune mediated, such as the rapid onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) syndrome and some encephalopathies with fever and status epilepticus. Recognition of novel immune-mediated encephalitis is important because some of these disorders are highly responsive to immunotherapy. PMID:22935553

Armangue, Thais; Petit-Pedrol, Mar; Dalmau, Josep

2013-01-01

440

HIV infection in children.  

PubMed

Various studies have reported rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission from mother to child of 13-40%. Vertical transmission occurs in utero, during delivery, or, in a small number of cases, through breast milk. Whether mothers at various stages of HIV infection experience different rates of transmission remains unknown. Maternal antibodies cross the placenta and are present from birth up to 18 months of age. The offspring of HIV-positive mothers tend to be low birthweight, under 37 weeks' gestation, and at high risk of perinatal mortality. It is likely, however, that this profile is indicative of the low socioeconomic status of most women with HIV rather than a result of infection. Also emerging is a psychosocial profile of the HIV child. These children are isolated, neglected, battered, frequently abandoned, and exhibit various degrees of mental retardation. Also common are delayed psychomotor development, loss of developmental milestones, limited attention span, poor language development, and abnormal reflexes. These features result from the interaction of low socioeconomic status, a lack of psychosocial stimulation, nutritional deficiencies, and central nervous system infections. Since HIV-infected children tend to be the offspring of drug addicts, bisexuals, and prostitutes, they are not awarded the same compassion as children afflicted with other terminal illnesses. Moreover, these children are generally neglected by groups formed to provide support to AIDS patients. Thus, it is up to the general public, the mass media, and the health care system to advocate for the needs of these neglected children. PMID:1932194

Canosa, C A

1991-01-01

441

Children and War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 2000, and based in Bergen, Norway, the Children and War group is "dedicated to improve children's lives after wars and disasters." Their homepage has the latest news and results of the group's efforts, and visitors who have relationships with children will find advice on what to tell them about the tsunami and earthquake in Japan. The "Stories" link on the far left-hand side of any page allows visitors to put faces and names to some of the children of war and disaster. There is Luay, a 14-year-old boy from Iraq who was traumatized by helping bring dead bodies out of the ruins of his city after it was bombed. Miriam, an 11-year-old from Somalia, tells of seeing her pregnant mother being stabbed and killed by opposing clan members. Visitors interested in how children are assessed to determine the "effects of war, disaster and trauma" on them will find the "Measures" link helpful. Here they will find information on CRIES, a widely used assessment for post traumatic stress, a depression self-rating scale, and a "Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory". Additionally, many of the tests are available in multiple languages.

442

Divorce and children.  

PubMed

The divorce rate in the United States is currently half the rate of marriages. Whether this rate will continue is not known. Millions of American children have already experienced their parents' divorce and millions more are likely to share the experience in the future. This makes divorce a problem that frequently appears in a pediatrician's patient population. Most children of divorce will experience it at the least as a potent transient stress that disrupts virtually all aspects of their lives. Many will accommodate to their new life circumstances successfully, but a substantial percentage will suffer long-term negative effects. Many of the problems of these children and their families can be anticipated, prevented, or alleviated by thoughtful and timely intervention. The pediatrician can be helpful by serving as the child's advocate, offering anticipatory guidance, helping the family weather the turmoil of the acute stage, screening for maladjustment or maladaptive behavior of children and parents, providing counseling, and referring the children and family for more specialized mental health input when indicated. PMID:3059301

Weitzman, M; Adair, R

1988-12-01

443

Optics activity for hospitalized children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

USC-OSA is a student chapter whose objective is to bring Optics knowledge closer to the non-optics community. The activity developed at the Hospital school was one of the most important last year. It was consisted in a few Optics experiments and workshops with hospitalized children of different ages and pathologies. The experiments had to be adapted to their physical conditions with the aim of everyone could participate. We think this activity has several benefits including spreading Optics through children meanwhile they have fun and forget their illness for a while.

Gargallo, Ana; Gómez-Varela, Ana I.; González-Nuñez, Hector; Delgado, Tamara; Almaguer, Citlalli; Cambronero, Ferran; Garcia-Sanchez, Angel; Flores-Arias, Maria T.

2014-08-01

444

Parents and Children Together Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Parents and Children Together Online," a magazine whose goal is to promote family literacy and parent-child read-alongs, is now freely available via the Web. The Fall 1995 issue includes stories for grades K-3 and 4-6, articles on cats and Scottish Terriers, a story in Spanish, The Global Campfire that allows children to read part of a story and add to it themselves, book reviews, and links to related sites. The magazine is a part of The Family Literacy Center at the ERIC Clearinghouse for Reading, English and Communication. http://www.indiana.edu/~eric_rec/fl/pcto/menu.html

445

Superficial fungal infections in children.  

PubMed

Superficial fungal infections can involve the hair, skin, and nails. Most affected children are healthy, although immunosuppression is a risk factor for more severe presentation. Causative organisms typically are members of the Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton genera (dermatophytes), can be acquired from other infected humans, animals, or soil, and illicit a host inflammatory response. Nondermatophyte infections include pityriasis versicolor. In this article, the most common clinical presentations, diagnostic recommendations, and treatment algorithms for dermatophyte and nondermatophyte mycoses in children and adolescents are described. PMID:24636655

Hawkins, Danielle M; Smidt, Aimee C

2014-04-01

446

[Children with meningomyelocele become adults!].  

PubMed

The survival for children with spina bifida has dramatically increased during the last 30 years. In Sweden today 40-50 adolescents with spina bifida are reaching adulthood each year the next 10 years. Children with spina bifida are from birth to adulthood followed by a multidisciplinary medical and paramedical team within the habilitation organisation. However, from the age of 18 this responsibility is discontinued, often with less readiness in adult medicine to meet the spina bifida adolescents and their special needs. Facing adolescence and adulthood both children and parents need a careful preparation from several points of view for the transition. It is also most important to prepare the adult medical disciplines about the special needs of this group. This process has to start early to reach successful management, including improvement in self-care. PMID:16200903

Mattsson, Sven; Gladh, Gunilla

447

Simultaneous Assay for Four Bacterial Species Including Alloiococcus otitidis Using Multiplex-PCR in Children With Culture Negative Acute Otitis Media  

PubMed Central

Background The 3 most commonly encountered bacteria in acute otitis media (AOM) are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. Conventional culture methods detect these pathogens in only 60% to 70% of cases of AOM. Alloiococcus otitidis, another potential pathogen, has often been ignored. Methods Tympanocentesis was performed in 97 children with AOM presenting with a bulging tympanic membrane (TM) producing 170 middle ear fluids (MEFs). S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, and A. otitidis were isolated in 21%, 32%, 8%, and 0% of MEFs, respectively; no otopathogen was isolated in 29% of MEFs. In nasopharyngeal cultures at the time of AOM diagnosis, 34%, 36%, 17%, and 0% and in oropharyngeal cultures, 7%, 31%, 11%, and 0% grew S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, and A. otitidis, respectively. No otopathogen was isolated in 23% of nasopharyngeal and 20% of oropharyngeal cultures. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect DNA of the 4 bacterial species in culture negative samples. Results All culture-positive MEF, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal samples tested were also multiplex-PCR positive, indicating the reliability of the method. Culture-negative samples of MEF from children with a bulging TM yielded S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, and A. otitidis DNA in 51%, 35%, 14%, and 32% of MEF, in 45%, 31%, 10%, and 9% of nasopharyngeal and in 31%, 23%, 0%, and 3% of oropharyngeal, respectively. In 9% of the cases A. otitidis DNA was found without detection of a second organism in MEF. Conclusions Conventional culture detected otopathogens in MEF of children with a bulging TM in 71%; using multiplex-PCR, otopathogens were detected in 88% of MEF (P < 0.01). Similar improved detection of otopathogens was noted with nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal cultures. PMID:20335823

Kaur, Ravinder; Adlowitz, Diana G.; Casey, Janet R.; Zeng, Mingtao; Pichichero, Michael E.

2013-01-01

448

42 CFR 435.117 - Newborn children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Newborn children. 435.117 Section 435.117 Public Health...Needy Mandatory Coverage of Pregnant Women, Children Under 8, and Newborn Children § 435.117 Newborn children. (a)...

2012-10-01

449

Children's School January 2011 Director's Corner  

E-print Network

Children's School January 2011 Director's Corner: Cultivating Communication The Children's School children enter the school until they leave. By explaining our approaches to meeting these goals, I hope children's increasingly effective communication. Communication - facilitating comprehension and expression

450

42 CFR 435.117 - Newborn children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Newborn children. 435.117 Section 435.117 Public Health...Coverage Mandatory Coverage of Pregnant Women, Children Under 19, and Newborn Children § 435.117 Newborn children. (a)...

2013-10-01

451

Children's School January 2011 Research Spotlight  

E-print Network

Children's School January 2011 Research Spotlight Parenting & Children's Behavior Senior Ashley style and parent socialization strategies on preschool and kindergarten children's behaviors. It is well in their relationships affects how they interact with their children. Ashley's research project involves investigating

452

42 CFR 435.117 - Newborn children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Newborn children. 435.117 Section 435.117 Public Health...Needy Mandatory Coverage of Pregnant Women, Children Under 8, and Newborn Children § 435.117 Newborn children. (a)...

2010-10-01

453

42 CFR 435.117 - Newborn children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Newborn children. 435.117 Section 435.117 Public Health...Needy Mandatory Coverage of Pregnant Women, Children Under 8, and Newborn Children § 435.117 Newborn children. (a)...

2011-10-01

454

Abdominal pain - children under age 12  

MedlinePLUS

Stomach pain in children; Pain - abdomen - children; Abdominal cramps in children; Belly ache in children ... When your child complains of abdominal pain, see if s/he can describe it to you. Here are different kinds of pain: ...

455

42 CFR 435.117 - Newborn children.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Newborn children. 435.117 Section 435.117 Public Health...Coverage Mandatory Coverage of Pregnant Women, Children Under 19, and Newborn Children § 435.117 Newborn children. (a)...

2014-10-01

456

Children’s Drawings: A mirror to their minds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s drawings are thought to be a mirror of a child’s representational development. Research suggests that with age children develop more complex and symbolic representational strategies and reference points become more differentiated by gender. We collected two drawings from 109 5–13?year?old children (three age groups). Each child drew their family and their school and participated in an independent recall task.

Isabelle D. Cherney; Clair S. Seiwert; Tara M. Dickey; Judith D. Flichtbeil

2006-01-01

457

Enabling conditions and children’s understanding of pretense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments examined whether preschoolers’ difficulties on tasks that required relating pretending and knowledge (e.g., Lillard, A. S. (1993a). Young children’s conceptualization of pretense: Action or mental representational state? Child Development, 64, 372–386) were due to children’s inability to appreciate the causal mechanism behind enabling conditions. In Experiment 1, 4-year-olds were told about a character who knew about one kind

David M. Sobel

2009-01-01

458

Child Poverty, Child Care, and Children’s Rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child poverty and the lack of rights accorded to young children in the United States are framed within a broader, international,\\u000a human rights context. Persistent poverty and the lack of access to high-quality child care are analyzed as pervasive threats\\u000a to young children’s well-being and healthy development. Brief narratives of homeless children and of mothers desperate for\\u000a affordable, accessible, child

Valerie Polakow

459

Development and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Children’s Saving Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the development and initial psychometric properties of the Children’s Saving Inventory (CSI), a parent-rated\\u000a measure designed to assess child hoarding behaviors. Subjects included 123 children and adolescents diagnosed with primary\\u000a Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and their parents. Trained clinicians administered the Children’s Yale-Brown Obsessive–Compulsive\\u000a Scale (CY-BOCS), items assessing Family Accommodation and the Clinical Global Impressions—Severity index. Parents

Eric A. Storch; Jordana Muroff; Adam B. Lewin; Daniel Geller; Abigail Ross; Katherine McCarthy; Jessica Morgan; Tanya K. Murphy; Randy Frost; Gail Steketee

2011-01-01

460

School: Children's School Kindergarten Philosophy  

E-print Network

School: Children's School Kindergarten Philosophy: ·lab school based on theories and research with fall birthdays will use the program as a pre-K and then go to kindergarten at an elementary school ·a team includes a director, an assistant director, and an administrative coordinator ·kindergarten team

461

Czech Children's Drawing of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do world children draw nature pictures in a certain way? Range of mountains in the background, a sun, couple clouds, a river rising from mountains. Is this type of drawing universal in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper? The sample size from Czech Republic included 33 participants from two kindergartens. They were 5 and 6…

Yilmaz, Zuhal; Kubiatko, Milan; Topal, Hatice

2012-01-01

462

Literacy Acquisition in Deaf Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of literature focuses on the literacy acquisition process of deaf children who acquire American Sign Language (ASL) as a first language and written English as a second language. Literacy in this context is defined broadly to include the context and culture in which reading and writing occur, referring to the strong connection between…

Evans, Charlotte

463

Helping Children with Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents helping their children with reading disabilities, the book describes specific activities in eight areas. The eight areas include general suggestions for the study period, hand and eye coordination activities, phonics training, ear training, reading, relaxation activities, muscle memory, writing, and spelling. Thirteen…

Edgington, Ruth; And Others

464

Preschool Curriculum for Exceptional Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for use with preschool handicapped children provides 28 activity units as well as general teaching suggestions. An initial section covers ideas for adapting activities to specific handicapping conditions including the visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically handicapped, and mentally disabled. Subsections also cover…

Kelley-Saur, Cheryl

465

Children's Perception of Musical Sequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toddlers (2 to 3 years) and preschool children (5 to 6 years) were repeatedly presented with a six-tone melody, then tested for their discrimination of a variety of pattern features, including the specific component frequencies, successive intervals, and general melodic contour. To manipulate the information-processing demands of the task, the…

Morrongiello, Barbara A.; Roes, Caroline

466

Children's Responses to Character Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the status of character education in Chicago (Illinois) public schools by interviewing children (n=700) of different ages in which they were questioned about their attitudes towards citizenship, "Americanness," and identity. Explains that the student responses were influenced by the type of school they attended. Includes references. (CMK)

Revell, Lynn

2002-01-01

467

Children's Development and Societal Divisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Everyone in the United States lives in multiple worlds including work, home, community, school, and social and religious groups. Individuals also have a number of identities and behavioral repertoires that shift among contexts. However, some children and families experience more discontinuities between school and home than others. These gaps are…

Ramsey, Patricia G.

2008-01-01

468

Promoting Creativity in Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses creativity in young children and what teachers can do to support and promote it. Topics addressed in the paper include: (1) teacher interest in promoting creativity; (2) defining creativity; (3) creativity in the socioemotional domain; (4) the relationship between creativity and empathy for others; (4) bibliotherapy; (5)…

Honig, Alice Sterling

469

Creative Interventions with Traumatized Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rich with case material and artwork samples, this volume demonstrates a range of creative approaches for facilitating children's emotional reparation and recovery from trauma. Contributors include experienced practitioners of play, art, music, movement and drama therapies, bibliotherapy, and integrative therapies, who describe step-by-step…

Malchiodi, Cathy A., Ed.

2008-01-01

470

Ecological Stewardship and Gifted Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In even the earliest studies of giftedness in young children (Burks, Jensen, & Terman, 1930; Hollingworth, 1926), researchers noted distinct character traits among gifted students, which included global awareness, sensitivity to complex issues, and a tendency to worry about injustice and dangers that often are beyond a child's control. Dabrowski…

McHardy, Roberta J.; Blanchard, Pamela B.; de Wet, Catharina F.

2009-01-01

471

A Few New Children: Postinstitutionalized Children of Intercountry Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research regarding children of intercountry adoption is limited, and most children of intercountry adoption have complex histories that may place them at risk for difficulty or failure in the classroom. Although the performances of some children from orphanage environments approximate those of chronological-age peers 2 to 4 years postadoption,…

Meese, Ruth Lyn

2005-01-01

472

The literature on advertising and children’s food choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on a 1994 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF)-funded review of literature on advertising and children’s food choice. Identifies and details four main research areas: frequency and content of television advertising to children; purchase request behaviour; influence of advertising on food-related behaviour; and influence of advertising on attitudes and values.

Brian Young; Marion Hetherington

1996-01-01

473

DIVERGENT RESEARCH IN CHILDREN’S MUSICAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, research in quite divergent areas is contributing to our growing understanding of children’s musical development, and thus contributing to the ways we should nurture and teach children. The continuing developments in computer hardware and software are changing when, where and how we teach, learn, and compose music. Technological advances in neuroscience, which permit non-invasive scanning of brain functions, have

Harriet I. Hair

1997-01-01

474

Making Playgrounds Fit for Children and Children Fit for Playgrounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Warns about a potential epidemic of obesity among children in the United States and urges early childhood practitioners to provide outdoor play that increases children's physical activity, muscle strength, and coordination. Maintains that playgrounds should offer a variety of equipment that challenges children at different ability levels. Asserts…

Sutterby, John A.; Frost, Joe L.

2002-01-01

475

Games Children Play: How Games and Sport Help Children Develop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents games for children, teenagers, and adults, explaining how each game can help children develop in a holistic way. It begins by discussing tips for teaching games, how to deal with children who break the rules, and what type of equipment to use. The book provides help on how to approach play within each of the different age…

Brooking-Payne, Kim

476

Children in Poverty: The State of Milwaukee's Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents data and descriptive information on the status of poor children and families in Milwaukee (Wisconsin). The analysis of the information suggests that the children are poor because their families are poor and that only providing their families with adequate employment and family supports will lift these children out of the…

Social Development Commission, Milwaukee, WI.

477

Nineteenth-Century Architects of Children's Minds and Children's Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author profiles two nineteenth-century architects of children's minds and children's spaces. More than any other two Americans Henry Barnard and Catharine Beecher defined children's educational spaces--the home and the school--and successfully specified how those spaces were to be organized and furnished, who was to govern those spaces, what…

Johanningmeier, Erwin

2005-01-01

478

Teaching Young Children Self-Regulation through Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's emphasis on using children's literature as a tool to teach reading and writing sub-skills distracts teachers' attention from looking to children's books for their historical role in helping children navigate the intellectual, social, and emotional terrains of childhood. This article argues, first, that early childhood educators must remain…

Cooper, Patricia M.

2007-01-01

479

Hearts and minds: children’s experiences of Disney World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s experiences of theme parks were investigated using a broad range of data collection methods. The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which overall perceived enjoyment of the theme park experience is related to incident?specific evaluations, periodic mood ratings, and levels of physiological excitement. The results show that for the two children participating in this study,

Simone Pettigrew

2011-01-01

480

Impact of the Children's Television Act on Children's Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the Children's Television Act, which requires broadcasters to provide educational and informational programs for children, was examined by having 141 second through sixth graders watch 16 popular and unpopular television programs and then assess the motivational appeal of, and children's learning from, these programs. Popular and…

Calvert, Sandra; Kotler, Jennifer; Kuhl, Alison; Riboli, Michael

481

Help for Crippled Children  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Children with cerebral palsy have nervous system defects which lead to muscular spasticity and loss of coordination. Many of these children have great difficulty walking because certain muscles are in a constant state of contraction. Surgical techniques can lengthen muscles or tendons to improve the child's walking pattern, but it is vital to diagnose accurately the particular spasticity problem of each patient; the individual muscles causing the handicap vary greatly from child to child. It is difficult by physical examination alone to determine precisely which muscle groups are most involved. Biotelemetry has provided a solution. For the past two years, the Children's Hospital at Standord, assisted by NASA and the Stanford Biomedical Application Team, has been applying biotelemetry to the cerebral palsy problem.

1977-01-01

482

Total colonoscopy in children.  

PubMed Central

One hundred and twenty-three total colonoscopies were performed on 115 children with ages ranging from 3 months to 16 years. The major indications were suspected inflammatory bowel disease and unexplained rectal bleeding. Ninety-seven per cent of all procedures were carried out with sedation only. Adult colonoscopes were used in most of the patients but in babies and small children paediatric instruments were preferable. Total colonoscopy was possible in all patients with a patent colon. The terminal ileum was examined in 63 patients. Endoscopic snare polypectomy was successfully carried out in 8 children and multiple haemangiomas were electrocoagulated in one. Total colonoscopy in this paediatric series proved to be at least as easy, rapid, well-tolerated, and safe as in adults. In selected patients as single colonoscopy can give an accurate diagnosis with biopsy proof and sometimes the opportunity for definitive treatment. PMID:7065694

Williams, C. B.; Laage, N. J.; Campbell, C. A.; Douglas, J. R.; Walker-Smith, J. A.; Booth, I. W.; Harries, J. T.

1982-01-01

483

Allergies in children  

PubMed Central

Allergic diseases in children have increased significantly in recent years and now affect up to 35% of children. They are a major cause of morbidity in children. Although there is a genetic predisposition, it is the exposure to environmental allergens, irritants and infections that will determine the sensitization to different dietary and inhalant allergens. As the genetic and environmental factors that act on an immature cellular immune system are better elucidated and their roles established, the implementation of more enduring preventive efforts will be developed. However, at present, the best approach to the child at high risk for the development of allergies is to institute dietary and environmental control measures early to decrease sensitization, and to recognize and appropriately treat the evolving signs and symptoms of allergic disease. PMID:20084126

Chad, Zave

2001-01-01

484

Spinal trauma in children.  

PubMed

Evaluation of the child with suspected spinal injury can be a difficult task for the radiologist. Added to the problems posed by lack of familiarity with the normal appearances of the paediatric spine is anxiety about missing a potentially significant injury resulting in neurological damage. Due to differences in anatomy and function, the pattern of injury in the paediatric spine is different from that in the adolescent or adult. Lack of appreciation of these differences may lead to over investigation and inappropriate treatment. This review attempts to clarify some of the problems frequently encountered. It is based on a review of the literature as well as personal experience. The normal appearances and variants of the spine in children, the mechanisms and patterns of injury are reviewed highlighting the differences between children and adults. Specific fractures, a practical scheme for the assessment of spinal radiographs in children, and the role of cross sectional imaging are discussed. PMID:11685436

Roche, C; Carty, H

2001-10-01

485

Children's Books Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First, the CCB site offers "a non-circulating collection of more than 14,000 recent and historically significant trade books for youth, birth through high school, plus review copies of nearly all trade books published in the U.S. in the current year." Additionally, there are over 1,000 reference titles on the study of literature and storytelling for youth. The second site, from the University of Wisconsin Children's Book Center. The site offers "original bibliographies created by CCBC librarians, book reviews, webcasts of CCBC-sponsored speeches by children's and young adult book creators, and many more unique resources for librarians, teachers, university students and others." Both sites will provide interested visitors with an incredible array of resources for those interested in children's literature.

486

The Future of Children  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are a number of fine journals that deal with policies oriented toward children in the United States, and The Future of Children is certainly one of the best. The journal is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. On this site, visitors can read the current issue of the journal, and also browse their previous issues dating back to 1991. Each issue has a general theme, and past years have featured issues dealing with adoption, health insurance for children, caring for infants and toddlers, and domestic violence. For visitors who may be pressed for time, each issue contains an executive summary and article summaries. Additionally, users may also wish to sign up to receive their free e-mail newsletter.

487

Tribal children are most exploited - UNICEF.  

PubMed

A workshop sponsored by the UN Children's Fund in the Philippines examined the status of the children of indigenous people and found that exploitation of the assets of indigenous people in the name of development has resulted in social inequalities that have damaged the indigenous children. As examples of the disregard for the human rights of the children, participants cited projects in Davao, Boracay, and Benguet that have displaced native children. These include mining schemes that have "raped" ancestral lands, large-scale agricultural enterprises, promotion of tourism, and creation of hydroelectric dams. The children rarely benefit at all from any of these projects as their families are moved from a position of isolated independence to one of exploited dependence. Social changes accompanying development ruin traditional culture without providing a better or even similar basis of existence. PMID:12348873

488

[Helicobacter infection in children].  

PubMed

Consensus was achieved on the following issues: in children H. pylori infection causes chronic gastritis, but rarely gastric and duodenal ulcer disease. Eradication of H. pylori leads to healing of these conditions. To-date, there is no evidence demonstrating a link between H. pylori gastritis and abdominal pain except in those children where a gastric or duodenal ulcer is present. Children should be investigated for H. pylori infection only if their symptoms are suggestive of organic disease rather than functional abdominal pain. Endoscopy with biopsies is the optimal method to investigate a child with upper gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of organic disease but this should only be carried out when a diagnostic work up using non-invasive methods has excluded other causes such as lactose maldigestion, constipation, coeliac disease, liver or biliary tact disease. If H. pylori is identified through investigations carried out during endoscopy the infection should be treated. Treatment should be monitored with a reliable non-invasive test and the 13C-urea breath test is the preferred method. H. pylori eradication in such children will cure gastritis but there is no data to support a relationship between a cure of H. pylori gastritis and symptom relief except in patients with ulcer disease. Further studies are needed to establish whether there are any specific symptoms associated with H. pylori gastritis alone and whether infected children without ulcer disease benefit from anti-H. pylori therapy regarding their symptoms. This consensus meeting did not deal with the optimal therapy for H. pylori infection as there are insufficient studies concerned the best treatment in children. PMID:10808728

Bodánszky, H; Arató, A; Szónyi, L

2000-04-01

489

Dietary Assessment in Pregnant Women and Children  

Cancer.gov

In 2000, the Congress passed the Children's Health Act (PL 106-310), which authorized the National Children's Study (NCS), a long-term examination of the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of children. The NCS will include more than 100,000 children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21. In 2007, NCS identified seven vanguard centers to develop a focused plan for recruitment with the geographically distributed and demographically varied research institutions selected.

490

Children of Darfur: a vulnerable population.  

PubMed

Four years of intense war in Darfur has created an entire generation of children who might never recover. Children in this region are particularly vulnerable and suffer from issues including physical and psychological illness, malnutrition, rape and unlawful military recruitment. This international crisis is among the most important public health issues in the world. The responsibility of the international community to these children is significant and required to break this cycle. This paper will discuss the concerns surrounding these children, how current strategies are failing and proposed public health nursing interventions. PMID:18190487

Chaikin, Jennifer

2008-02-01

491

Pain in Children: Assessment and Nonpharmacological Management  

PubMed Central

Pain perception in children is complex, and is often difficult to assess. In addition, pain management in children is not always optimized in various healthcare settings, including emergency departments. A review of pain assessment scales that can be used in children across all ages, and a discussion of the importance of pain in control and distraction techniques during painful procedures are presented. Age specific nonpharmacological interventions used to manage pain in children are most effective when adapted to the developmental level of the child. Distraction techniques are often provided by nurses, parents or child life specialists and help in pain alleviation during procedures. PMID:20706640

Srouji, Rasha; Ratnapalan, Savithiri; Schneeweiss, Suzan

2010-01-01

492

Asthma episodes: stigma, children, and Hollywood films.  

PubMed

Asthma has been systematically stigmatized in Hollywood feature films, including films seen by children. Through content analysis of 66 movies containing one or more scenes showing asthma, and through informant interviews with a dozen U.S. children about representative scenes, the study explores how stigmatizing portrayals are interpreted, accepted, or resisted. Children suffering from asthma actively counterargued with incriminating excerpts, but in some respects their healthy friends were less critical. Overall, children viewed stigmatizing scenes in terms of the social interaction and the social ethics entailed. They did not scrutinize the characters for damaged selfhood, per se, but dwelled on the social processes out of which stigma is erected. PMID:22574393

Clark, Cindy Dell

2012-03-01

493

Children and the Mass Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resume of testimony given at hearings at the White House Conference on Children, September, 1970. Topics considered were the influence of the mass media on children and ways to improve media products. (NH)

Winston, Shirley

1970-01-01

494

Peanut Allergies, Children and Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... page It's been added to your dashboard . Peanut allergies, children and pregnancy About 1 percent of children ... For reasons that are not well understood, peanut allergy has doubled in the past decade (3) . Individuals ...

495

Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents  

MedlinePLUS

... Questions and Answers about Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents This publication defines scoliosis and provides information about ... it is diagnosed and treated in children and adolescents. You may be interested in contacting one or ...

496

Doll Artists. Children's Art Diary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on sculptures created by children related to dolls. Discusses different types of toys that inspire children and explains that students can learn about figure studies. States that students learn about topics such as posing and grouping figures. (CMK)

Szekely, George

2003-01-01

497

Optics and children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light and Optics are subjects that "naturally" attracts the interest and sympathy of children even from very early ages. In this communication, we present a serie of experiments and support material designed in this hands-on perspective, to be used to introduce the study of light and optics to kindergarten and early basic school students. Our hands-on investigative approach leads the students, aged 4 to 10 years, to observe the experiment and discover themselves, in a critical and active way, different aspects of light and optics. Preparing funny eye catching situations and experiments predispose the children to work, effectively, enjoying themselves while building up their self-confidence.

Costa, Manuel F. M.; Ayres de Campos, J.; Lira, Madalena; Franco, Sandra; Vazquez-Dorrio, José B.

2011-01-01

498

Acute sinusitis in children.  

PubMed

Acute rhinosinusitis is a common illness in children. Viral upper respiratory tract infection is the most common presentation of rhinosinusitis. Most children resolve the infection spontaneously and only a small proportion develops a secondary bacterial infection. The proper choice of antibiotic therapy depends on the likely infecting pathogens, bacterial antibiotic resistance, and pharmacologic profiles of antibiotics. Amoxicillin-clavulanate is currently recommended as the empiric treatment in those requiring antimicrobial therapy. Isolation of the causative agents should be considered in those who failed the initial treatment. In addition to antibiotics, adjuvant therapies and surgery may be used in the management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. PMID:23481108

Brook, Itzhak

2013-04-01

499

Refractory epilepsy in children.  

PubMed

Refractory epilepsy, estimated to affect 10-20 % children with epilepsy, can have profound effect on the education, social and cognitive functioning and recreational activities of the child. The definitions are still evolving. A detailed clinical evaluation may reveal an accurate syndromic and etiological diagnosis. The recent advances in neuroimaging and electrophysiology have revolutionized the management of children with refractory epilepsy and supplement the clinical evaluation. Genetic and metabolic evaluation may be indicated in selected cases. The rational use of anti-epileptic drugs, epilepsy surgery and dietary therapies are the mainstay in the management. Various experimental treatment options and pharmacogenetics offer hope for future. PMID:25106842

Aneja, Satinder; Jain, Puneet

2014-10-01

500

[Salt intake in children].  

PubMed

Very early in life, sodium intake correlates with blood pressure level. This warrants limiting the consumption of sodium by children. However, evidence regarding exact sodium requirements in that age range is lacking. This article focuses on the desirable sodium intake according to age as suggested by various groups of experts, on the levels of sodium intake recorded in consumption surveys, and on the public health strategies implemented to reduce salt consumption in the pediatric population. Practical recommendations are given by the Committee on nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics in order to limit salt intake in children. PMID:24686038

Girardet, J-P; Rieu, D; Bocquet, A; Bresson, J-L; Briend, A; Chouraqui, J-P; Darmaun, D; Dupont, C; Frelut, M-L; Hankard, R; Goulet, O; Simeoni, U; Turck, D; Vidailhet, M

2014-05-01