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1

Including Children Dependent on Ventilators in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guidelines for including ventilator-dependent children in school are offered, based on experience with six such students at a New York State school. Guidelines stress adherence to the medical management plan, the school-family partnership, roles of the social worker and psychologist, orientation, transportation, classroom issues, and steps toward…

Levine, Jack M.

1996-01-01

2

Including Children with Cochlear Implants in General Education Elementary Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Cochlear implants can provide partial hearing to individuals with substantial hearing loss. Because of improvements in early identification and intervention, more children with cochlear implants will be included in elementary school general education classrooms. Thus, general education teachers should be prepared for teaching children with cochlear implants. Our aim in this paper is to help prepare general education teachers

Joanna L. Stith; Erik Drasgow

2005-01-01

3

Including Children with Cochlear Implants in Regular Education Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cochlear implants can provide partial hearing to individuals with substantial hearing loss. Because of improvements in early identification and intervention, more children with cochlear implants will be included in elementary school general education classrooms. Thus, general education teachers should be prepared for teaching children with cochlear implants. Our aim in this paper is to help prepare general education teachers for

Joanna L Stith; Erik Drasgow

2005-01-01

4

Putting patients first includes considering the needs of their children.  

PubMed

The complexities of the effect that a parent's lung transplant can have on their children are portrayed clearly in this research study. The need to ensure that family-centred care for the parent also considers and includes the needs of their children is exemplified in the researchers' detailed findings. Corkin and Cardwell ( 2012 ) explain how, when caring for children, the needs of the family must be an integral part of care planning, and this study indicates that the same principles will apply in the event of a parent being ill. PMID:23988066

2013-06-01

5

Including Children with Mental Retardation in the Religious Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes practical strategies for promoting inclusion in religious programs. Strategies are provided for including children with mental disabilities, mild mental retardation, moderate mental retardation, and severe to profound mental retardation, and older students with mental retardation. Strategies are also provided for preparing…

Collins, Belva C.; Epstein, Ann; Reiss, Toni; Lowe, Verna

2001-01-01

6

The Director's Toolbox for Including Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Directors of early childhood programs are the "frontline" for parents seeking admission for their children with identified special needs. In addition, developmental and behavioral issues that emerge after a child is enrolled in a program quickly come to the director's attention. Determining who can be included at a site, how to prepare the…

Barker, Linda; Goldberg, Roberta

2012-01-01

7

Including Children with Hearing Loss in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These are typical scenarios of children with hearing loss who are being included increasingly in early childhood settings. Recent federal legislation encourages states to develop programs to screen the hearing of all infants before they leave the hospital, and currently 39 states have adopted newborn infant hearing screening mandates (ASHA 2005).…

Katz, Laurie; Schery, Teris K.

2006-01-01

8

Including Children with Autism in General Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors report that, although social attention to the education of children with special needs began in the late 1970s, education for children with autism is the greatest challenge in special education in China. They point out that most school-age children with autism are still kept out of both regular and special schools. In…

Huang, Ann X.; Wheeler, John J.

2007-01-01

9

25 CFR 20.401 - What is included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Services to Children, Elderly, and Families § 20...Services to Children, Elderly, and Families? Services to Children, Elderly, and Families include...for problems related to illness, physical or mental handicaps, drug...

2010-04-01

10

25 CFR 20.401 - What is included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Services to Children, Elderly, and Families § 20...Services to Children, Elderly, and Families? Services to Children, Elderly, and Families include...for problems related to illness, physical or mental handicaps, drug...

2009-04-01

11

25 CFR 20.401 - What is included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES PROGRAMS Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families? Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...or mental handicaps, drug abuse, alcoholism, and...

2013-04-01

12

25 CFR 20.401 - What is included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICES PROGRAMS Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...included under Services to Children, Elderly, and Families? Services to Children, Elderly, and Families...or mental handicaps, drug abuse, alcoholism, and...

2011-04-01

13

Including Children with Chronic Health Conditions: Nebulizers in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Transition-to-Kindergarten program in Brookline, Massachusetts, in which two children with asthma and potentially life-threatening food allergies were helped to stay healthy and fit into the classroom. (BB)

Goldberg, Ellie

1994-01-01

14

Early Childhood Teachers' Ideas about Including Children with Disabilities in Programmes Designed for Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the influence of information about children's disabilities on preschool teachers' responses toward integrating children with disabilities in their classroom. Of particular interest was whether the severity of the child's educational needs and information about diagnosis were related to teachers' responses. Data were collected…

Huang, Hsin-Hui; Diamond, Karen E.

2009-01-01

15

Early Childhood Teachers' Ideas about Including Children with Disabilities in Programmes Designed for Typically Developing Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the influence of information about children's disabilities on preschool teachers' responses toward integrating children with disabilities in their classroom. Of particular interest was whether the severity of the child's educational needs and information about diagnosis were related to teachers' responses. Data were collected from 155 preschool teachers in two Midwest states in the United States to examine

Karen E. Diamond

2009-01-01

16

Kids Included through Technology Are Enriched: A Guidebook for Teachers of Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is designed to provide information on technology to teachers and service providers who work with children with special needs. It may also be helpful for parents and caregivers of young children. Topics include: (1) the definition of assistive technology; (2) the philosophy of using technology with young children and a rationale that…

Carlson, Brenda; Samels, Karen

17

An Initial Look at the Quality of Life of Malaysian Families That Include Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: While there is a growing body of literature in the quality of life of families that include children with disabilities, the majority of research has been conducted in western countries. The present study provides an initial exploration of the quality of life of Malaysian families that include children with developmental/intellectual…

Clark, M.; Brown, R.; Karrapaya, R.

2012-01-01

18

Starting Points: Instructional Practices for Young Children Whose Multiple Disabilities Include Visual Impairment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides basic information on the needs of young children (ages 3-8) whose multiple disabilities include visual impairments. Chapters address: (1) common disabilities associated with visual impairment, the primary educational needs of these children, and the complexity involved in teaching them; (2) the need for clearly defined…

Chen, Deborah; Dote-Kwan, Jamie

19

Why include children with special needs in primary school LOTE classes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When LOTE (Languages Other Than English) was first introduced into the primary school curriculum during the 1980s and 1990s, there was debate within some school communities concerning the inclusion of children with special educational needs in the language program. Some educators were unsure about whether or not children with special educational needs included in regular classrooms would derive any benefit

Margaret Shield

2004-01-01

20

Including Young Children With "New" Chronic Illnesses in an Early Childhood Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents suggestions for successfully including young children with "new" life-threatening, chronic illnesses -- various types of cancer, heart, liver, and kidney diseases -- in early childhood education classes. (BB)|

Fauvre, Mary

1988-01-01

21

Including Young Children With "New" Chronic Illnesses in an Early Childhood Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents suggestions for successfully including young children with "new" life-threatening, chronic illnesses -- various types of cancer, heart, liver, and kidney diseases -- in early childhood education classes. (BB)

Fauvre, Mary

1988-01-01

22

Spatial distribution of soil-transmitted helminths, including Strongyloides stercoralis, among children in Zanzibar  

Microsoft Academic Search

A programme periodically distributing anthelminthic drugs to school-aged children for the control of soil- transmitted helminthiasis was launched in Zanzibar in the early 1990s. We investigated the spatial distribution of soil- transmitted helminth infections, including Strongyloides stercoralis, in 336 children from six districts in Unguja, Zanzibar, in 2007. One stool sample per child was examined with the Kato-Katz, Koga agar

Stefanie Knopp; Khalfan A. Mohammed; I. Simba Khamis; Ali F. Mgeni; J. Russell; David Rollinson; Hanspeter Marti; Jürg Utzinger; Deceased December

2008-01-01

23

Ethical implications of including children in a large biobank for genetic-epidemiologic research: a qualitative study of public opinion.  

PubMed

The National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies are considering initiating a cohort study of 500,000 people, including 120,000 children, to measure genetic and environmental influences on common diseases. A community engagement pilot study was conducted to identify public attitudes and concerns about the proposed cohort study, including the ethics of involving children. The pilot included 15 focus groups where the inclusion of children in the proposed cohort study was discussed. Focus groups, conducted in six cities, included 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races. Many of the concerns expressed by participants mirrored those addressed in pediatric research guidelines. These concerns included minimizing children's fear, pain, and burdens; whether to include young children; and how to obtain children's assent. There was little agreement about which children can assent. Some voiced concern about children's privacy, but most expected that parents would have access to children's study results. Some believed children would not benefit from participating, while others identified personal and societal benefits that might accrue. A few people believed that children's participation would not advance the study's goals. To successfully include children, proposed cohort study would need to address children's changing capabilities and rights as they grow and reach the age of consent. PMID:18189289

Kaufman, David; Geller, Gail; Leroy, Lisa; Murphy, Juli; Scott, Joan; Hudson, Kathy

2008-02-15

24

Children's Health  

MedlinePLUS

Your child's health includes physical, mental and social well-being. Most parents know the basics of keeping children healthy, like offering ... for children to get regular checkups with their health care provider. These visits are a chance to ...

25

Including children with autism in general education classrooms. A review of effective strategies.  

PubMed

Children with autism can benefit from participation in inclusive classroom environments, and many experts assert that inclusion is a civil right and is responsible for nurturing appropriate social development. However, most children with autism require specialized supports to experience success in these educational contexts. This article provides a review of the empirical research that has addressed procedures for promoting successful inclusion of students with autism. Strategies reviewed include antecedent manipulations, delayed contingencies, self-management, peer-mediated interventions, and other approaches that have been demonstrated in the literature to be useful. The article concludes with a discussion of future research needs. PMID:11573339

Harrower, J K; Dunlap, G

2001-10-01

26

Services To Include Young Children with Autism in the General Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses issues related to working with young children with autism for elementary school teachers. Describes characteristics of autism, the need for early intervention, and the general principles for effective practices with autistic students, and classroom adaptations. Includes a list of organizations concerned with autism. (JPB)|

Dahle, Karen Bowen

2003-01-01

27

Widening the Circle: Including Children with Disabilities in Preschool Programs. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a groundbreaking 5-year research study conducted by the Early Childhood Research Institute on Inclusion, this book explores the barriers to and influences on inclusive education settings for young children. Topics covered include individualized instruction, family perceptions of inclusion, and cultural and linguistic diversity. The…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.

28

Children Helping Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a summer program for school-agers 6 to 12 years old, the children devise a meaningful, real-life experience to alleviate the midsummer doldrums and hope to "make the world a better place." They collect, repair, and paint old children's bicycles to present, along with new helmets, to children at a nearby homeless shelter. In this article, the…

Brougher, Jean

2006-01-01

29

Reflux Esophagitis: Sequelae and Differential Diagnosis in Infants and Children Including Eosinophilic Esophagitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition in infants and children and has many clinical mimics. Most pediatric pathology departments process many mucosal biopsies from the proximal gastrointestinal tract to evaluate the presence or absence of reflux esophagitis. Since this subject was last reviewed in the 1997 edition of Perspectives in Pediatric Pathology devoted to gastrointestinal diseases in children

Beverly Barrett Dahms

2004-01-01

30

Who's in the House Corner? Including Young Children with Disabilities in Pretend Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how simple changes in pretend-play areas can enable children with disabilities to participate more fully in early-learning experiences. Discusses how play reflects cognitive and social skills. Identifies challenges to supporting inclusive pretend play related to environmental barriers and children's characteristics; presents suggestions…

Bromer, Billi L.

1999-01-01

31

Including Children with Special Educational Needs in Physical Education: Has Entitlement and Accessibility Been Realised?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The return of the Labour government to power in 1997 brought an increased focus upon inclusive education for children with special educational needs (SEN). Alongside this there has been a desire to enhance the opportunities young people have to access physical education (PE) and school sport. Previous research has shown that children with SEN…

Vickerman, Philip

2012-01-01

32

Including Children with Autism in General Education ClassroomsA Review of Effective Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with autism can benefit from participation in inclusive classroom environments, and many experts assert that inclusion is a civil right and is responsible for nurturing appropriate social development. However, most children with autism require specialized supports to experience success in these educational contexts. This article provides a review of the empirical research that has addressed procedures for promoting successful

Joshua K. Harrower; Glen Dunlap

2001-01-01

33

Inclusion Means Everyone! The Role of the Early Childhood Educator when Including Young Children with Autism in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of the emphasis on inclusion in special education has resulted in a higher frequency of young children with autism being included in early childhood programs with typically developing peers. Many early childhood educators have risen to face the challenge, and this has resulted in enhanced learning for young children with autism in the…

Vakil, Shernavaz; Welton, Evonn; O'Connor, Barbara; Kline, Lynn S.

2009-01-01

34

Implementing Randomized Controlled Trials in Preschool Settings That Include Young Children with Disabilities: Considering the Context of Strain and Bovey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this commentary, developments related to conducting randomized controlled trials in authentic preschool settings that include young children with disabilities are discussed in relation to the Strain and Bovey study.|

Snyder, Patricia

2011-01-01

35

Including Children with Disabilities in Early Childhood Education Programs: Individualizing Developmentally Appropriate Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood educators are facing the challenge of creating quality educational programs for young children from an increasingly diverse mix of racial and cultural backgrounds. Programs that, in the past, have largely ignored the diversity of their participants must re-examine approaches that emphasize the universality of linear lists of…

Filler, John; Xu, Yaoying

2006-01-01

36

Teachers' Personal Concerns About Including Children with a Disability in Regular Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regular class teachers are increasingly being asked to accommodate children with intellectual and physical disabilities in their regular classrooms. This research in Western Australia considers the personal concerns that regular class and special education teachers entertain regarding inclusive educational practices. It is proposed that an increased understanding of teachers' concerns regarding inclusive practices will provide a substantial base upon which

Chris Forlin

1998-01-01

37

Trainee and recently qualified physical education teachers' perspectives on including children with special educational needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In recent years within the UK the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream physical education (PE) has escalated up the statutory and political agenda. Despite this increased focus in schools, empirical research demonstrates that inequalities still exist in relation to the readiness of government, teacher training providers, schools and PE teachers to deliver this agenda.

Philip Vickerman; Janine Kim Coates

2009-01-01

38

English Learning Support Assistants' Experiences of Including Children with Special Educational Needs in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to Blatchford, learning support assistants (LSA) in schools within England comprise of a quarter of their workforce. In recent years, the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream school settings has seen significant rises. Furthermore, the English government has raised expectations on the amount of…

Vickerman, Philip; Blundell, Milly

2012-01-01

39

English learning support assistants’ experiences of including children with special educational needs in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Blatchford, learning support assistants (LSA) in schools within England comprise of a quarter of their workforce. In recent years, the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream school settings has seen significant rises. Furthermore, the English government has raised expectations on the amount of physical education (PE) and school sport young people should engage in.

Philip Vickerman; Milly Blundell

2012-01-01

40

Food allergy to gelatin in children with systemic immediate-type reactions, including anaphylaxis, to vaccines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis to measles-mumps-rubella vaccines has been reported. We have suspected that most such reactions are caused by gelatin contained in the vaccines. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the relation between systemic allergic reactions to vaccines and the presence of anti-gelatin IgE, we measured anti-gelatin IgE in children who demonstrated allergy to gelatin-containing vaccines. Furthermore, to clarify the relation between allergic reactions

Masahiro Sakaguchi; Tetsuo Nakayama; Sakae Inouye

1996-01-01

41

Children Solve Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A group of children were presented with several tasks, including the invention of a sleep machine and a machine to weigh elephants. The tasks were chosen to involve the children in coping with problems of a distinct character. A study of the children's drawings and interpretations shows that children's thinking ability is not very different from…

De Bono, Edward

42

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Superintendent concerned, places a preschool child or child with a disability in a non-Section 6...accordance with this part to initiate the development of an IEP for such student. 2. Preschool children and children with disabilities...

2013-07-01

43

Oscillometric twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure values in healthy children and adolescents: A multicenter trial including 1141 subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring is increasingly used to evaluate the blood pressure of children and adolescents. The upper normal ABP values in the pediatric age group are still unknown, because reference values based on a sufficiently high number of healthy children have not yet been published. In this multicenter trial, we pooled ABP records of 1141 healthy children and

Marianne Soergel; Martin Kirschstein; Christopher Busch; Thomas Danne; Jutta Gellermann; Reinhard Holl; Friedrich Krull; Hagen Reichert; György S. Reusz; Wolfgang Rascher

1997-01-01

44

Relations between Children's Libraries and Children's Publishers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the relationship and interdependence of children's libraries and publishers of children's books. Developments in publishing for children in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada are examined; publishing trends are described, including a more global approach; and the influence of technological changes are considered. (five…

Fasick, Adele

1991-01-01

45

Children's wishes, children's burdens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors are both practising family court welfare officers of more than ten years' standing, who draw on their experience of reporting to courts in contested private law applications for s.8 orders under the Children Act 1989. Taking the guiding principles of the Act as their starting-point they seek to locate the child's place within such proceedings.They discuss the concept

Brian Cantwell; Sue Scott

1995-01-01

46

Young Children's Beliefs about Including Others in Their Play: Social and Moral Reasoning about Inclusion and Exclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has emphasized the importance of active citizenship in the early years for the development of a tolerant and cohesive Australian society. This paper presents findings related to young children's beliefs about exclusion based on gender and race. The findings draw from a larger study exploring the development of children's moral…

Wainman, Briony; Boulton-Lewis, Gillian; Walker, Sue; Brownlee, Jo; Cobb, Charlotte; Whiteford, Chrystal; Johnsson, Eva

2012-01-01

47

Exploring the Social Impact of Being a Typical Peer Model for Included Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the social impact of being a typical peer model as part of a social skills intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were drawn from a randomized-controlled-treatment trial that examined the effects of targeted interventions on the social networks of 60 elementary-aged children with ASD.…

Locke, Jill; Rotheram-Fuller, Erin; Kasari, Connie

2012-01-01

48

Training physical education teachers to include children with special educational needs: Perspectives from physical education initial teacher training providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term inclusion has been subject to extensive debate in terms of its definition, interpretation and delivery in relation to children with special educational needs (SEN) in physical education (PE). This study explores the views and experiences of teacher trainers in their role of preparing secondary PE trainees for the inclusion of children with SEN. The data are analysed on

Philip Vickerman

2007-01-01

49

Including an analysis of difficult behaviour in the assessment of children with an autism spectrum disorder: Implications for school psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

School psychologists who contribute to the assessment of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are required by various Australian state government authorities to use standardised testing of cognitive skills, adaptive behaviour and some autism-based symptomatology to demonstrate the eligibility of those children for support funding in the school environment. However, this process does not always address the needs of

Vicki Bitsika

2008-01-01

50

Children Worldwide, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the three journal issues comprising volume 19 (1992) of "Children Worldwide" focuses on a specific theme. Issue 1 contains six articles about refugee children, including essays about a community self-help approach in Pakistan, unaccompanied minors in Hong Kong, and refugee families raising children in a new culture; guidelines for working…

Lejeune, Genevieve, Ed.

1992-01-01

51

LASIK surgery in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To report success in the treatment of high myopia in children with LASIK. To report the visual results, complications and postoperative management of children with high myopia.Methods: Six children (seven eyes) with high myopia were included in this series. Preoperative and postoperative refraction, visual acuity, and pachymetry were compared.Results: Six children with high myopia ranging from ?5.00DS to ?16DS

M O’Keefe; L Nolan

2004-01-01

52

Malaysian children’s attitudes towards television advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the attitudes of children in Malaysia’s competitive children’s market towards TV advertising, and how this affects their spending; children influence the market as immediate consumers, as influencers of their parents and other people, and as future adult consumers. Outlines the objectives and methodology of new quantitative research conducted into predictors of children’s attitudes, which also includes the effect of

Noor Hasmini A. Ghani; Osman M. Zain

2004-01-01

53

Snowflake Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking account of the needs and views of children is problematic, particularly in Ireland where children have been "owned" by their parents and social policy has been directed at the family rather than the individual child. The 1980s and 1990s may be said to be the decades where abuse, in its many forms, reared its head and Irish society was…

Child & Youth Services, 2007

2007-01-01

54

Latchkey Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase educators' awareness of the plight of latchkey children, this study reviewed literature concerning the negative and positive effects experienced by latchkey children. Also examined were possible solutions to the problem through techniques, guidelines, and existing programs. The first section of the review provides 12 annotated…

Marsh, Jill A.

55

Children & Race.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major aims of this book are to provide an account of racial attitude development in young children and to describe the effects of racism on the development of black children, specifically in the United Kingdom. The book draws freely on American and British research in an effort to illuminate the British experience. The first two chapters…

Milner, David

56

Parental response to children’s pain: The moderating impact of children’s emotional distress on symptoms and disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental responses play a central role in the development and maintenance of children’s pain behavior. Previous studies examining the impact of parental responses on children’s pain have focused mainly on protective or solicitous responses. This study examined the impact of parental responses, including protectiveness, minimization of pain, and encouraging and monitoring responses, on children’s functional disability and somatic symptoms. Participants

Robyn Lewis Claar; Laura E. Simons; Deirdre E. Logan

2008-01-01

57

The Contribution of Social Relationships to Children’s Happiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between happiness and social relationships was examined in 9- to 12-year-old children. Participants included\\u000a 432 children and their parents. Children’s happiness was assessed using self-rating scales, parent’s ratings, and the Happiness\\u000a and Satisfaction Subscale from the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, Second Edition (Piers and Herzberg 2002). Children’s social relations were assessed with items from the Piers-Harris scale and

Mark D. Holder; Ben Coleman

2009-01-01

58

Children’s television programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes how educational media company Sesame Workshop has applied research to the development and evaluation of children’s TV programming; Sesame Workshop was the creator in 1969 of the “Sesame Street” TV series, which intentionally blended entertainment and education, and it has now teamed up with Applied Research and Consulting LLC (ARC). Explains the historical background to television research, and the

Michael Cohen; Sara Guciardo; Joel Schneider

2002-01-01

59

Children Now: Media Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Children Now is an independent, nonpartisan organization, the goal of which is to ensure "that children grow up in economically secure families, where parents can go to work confident that their children are supported by quality health coverage, a positive media environment, a good early education, and safe, enriching activities to do after school." This section of the website features the group's research on children and the media. Recent reports posted here include one entitled, Digital Television: Sharpening the Focus on Children, which addresses the FCC's ruling that will "improve children's television as the nation's broadcasters make the transition to digital television (DTV)" by providing access to educational television programming that parents are able to identify as educational. Additional articles on media legislation affecting children are also posted here.

60

Young children’s approaches to learning: a sociocultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children’s approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school success, our understanding of factors that influence children’s use of approaches in the classroom is

Ann Masur; Gillian McNamee

2010-01-01

61

Young children’s approaches to learning: a sociocultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children’s approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school success, our understanding of factors that influence children’s use of approaches in the classroom is

Jie-Qi Chen; Ann Masur; Gillian McNamee

2011-01-01

62

Inclusivity matters: Perceptions of children's health and environmental risk including Old Order Mennonites from Ontario, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding of risk views in multiethnic Canadian society may be enhanced by including perceptions of a closed, ethno-religious Old Order Mennonite (OOM) community, farming along the most contaminated tributary of the Grand River, Ontario, Canada. This study represents the first time that these Old Order women have participated in any research. For this exploratory study, qualitative methods were the preferred

Ewa Dabrowska; Susan K. Wismer

2010-01-01

63

Marketing to children (and mums) through children’s magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demonstrates the popularity of children’s magazines in the UK, and the power of licensed characters for children up to seven years old; magazines aid in children’s self-development, they are an alternative to sweets and TV as a treat, they have a variety of content, and they give parents and children quality time together. Outlines the size of this highly competitive

Dawn Cordy

2003-01-01

64

Children's Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on materials from the New York Public Library, the National Yiddish Book Center, and the University of California Libraries, the Internet Archive has created this trove of digitized children's books. Currently, there are over 2,700 books available here and they include works like "Infant's cabinet of birds & beasts" from 1820 and "What the Moon Saw: And Other Tales" from 1866. On the left side of the page, visitors can take a look at the "Spotlight Item" and there is a tag cloud available here as well. Those persons looking for the most popular items can view the "Most Downloaded Items Last Week". Not surprisingly, some of these items include "Pinocchio" and "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz." Visitors are also welcome to receive updates from their forum here, and they can also chime in with their own questions.

65

Negotiated representational mediators: How young children decide what to include in their science representations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we synthesize two bodies of work related to students' representational activities: the notions of meta-representational competence and representation as a form of practice. We report on video analyses of kindergarten and first-grade students as they create representations of pollination in a science classroom, as well as summarize results from interviews regarding the design choices that they made. Analysis of the semistructured pre- and postinterviews reveals that students attend to the content domain, local activity, and their personal preferences when evaluating representations. Analysis of video case studies that followed the students as they created their representations further reveals several key mediators of the students' representational activities, including other students, task constraints, the teacher, and local norms for what constituted a good representation. In addition, the data show that these norms shifted over time as new content was covered in the class, and were appropriated in interaction with other students. Finally, both sets of analyses reveal that students often face competing constraints when creating their representations, and resolve these constraints through a complex set of negotiations.

Danish, Joshua A.; Enyedy, Noel

2007-01-01

66

Children's Choices: Teaching with Books Children Like.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Supplementing Children's Choices--a list of children's literature that children grades K-8 found most enjoyable, published annually in "The Reading Teacher" journal--this collection of articles provides suggestions for effective use of children's favorite books in the classroom. In addition to providing an extensive bibliography of Children's…

Roser, Nancy, Ed.; Frith, Margaret, Ed.

67

Domestic violence and children.  

PubMed

Domestic violence affects the lives of many Americans, including children. It is imperative that primary care providers working with children, including pediatric nurse practitioners, understand the dynamics of domestic violence, recognize domestic violence, and intervene appropriately. Domestic violence places children at risk physically, emotionally, and developmentally. The effect on children who witness domestic violence will be discussed. Primary care providers have a professional responsibility to screen for domestic violence. The primary care provider can play a pivotal role in breaking the cycle of family violence by timely identification of and appropriate intervention for domestic violence. PMID:16010259

Hornor, Gail

68

Gifted Children and Divorce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Divorce is often a contentious process with multiple issues to decide, especially in cases in which there are children involved. Divorce raises several legal issues when considering the well-being of children, including those who are gifted. In this article, the authors discuss these issues which include school choice, child support, and custody…

Dudley, John; Karnes, Frances A.

2011-01-01

69

Appendicitis in preschool children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appendicitis in preschool children, although uncommon, is associated with a high perforation rate and increased morbidity. Of 132 preschool children treated for appendicitis over a 5-year period, 63 (47.7%) had perforations and 29 (22.0%) had an appendiceal mass. Although classic symptoms were present in the majority of the patients, atypical symptoms were found in many children and included diarrhoea (35),

Rajendra Surana; Feargal Quinn; Prem Puri

1995-01-01

70

Fusobacterial infections in children.  

PubMed

Fusobacteria are members of the oral and gastrointestinal flora and are important potential pathogens in children. They are increasingly recognized as a cause of infections in children. These include infections of the head and neck (Lemierre syndrome, acute and chronic mastoiditis, chronic otitis and sinusitis, tonsillitis, peritonsillar and retropharyngeal abscesses, postanginal cervical lymphadenitis, periodontitis), brain, lungs, abdomen, pelvis, bones, joints, and blood. This review describes the clinical spectrum of fusobacterial infection in children and their management. PMID:23616183

Brook, Itzhak

2013-06-01

71

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) A. Identification...entitled to receive an education from Section 6 School...ages 14-21 years (inclusive)). 5. The appropriate...is in need of special education and related...

2010-07-01

72

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 80 - Procedures for Special Educational Programs (Including Related Services) for Preschool Children...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FAMILIES, AND SPECIAL EDUCATION CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...Disabilities (3-21 years Inclusive) A. Identification...entitled to receive an education from Section 6 School...ages 14-21 years (inclusive)). 5. The appropriate...is in need of special education and related...

2009-07-01

73

Children and media.  

PubMed

Program developers in India's mass media are turning to the discipline of child development to increase their sensitivity to the special needs and capacities of child audiences. Children are particularly susceptible to having their thoughts, feelings, values, and behavior influenced by media programming. In India, radio is the medium with the greatest opportunity to communicate with children and programming for young people includes educational material, variety programs, quiz shows, drama, and live programs in which children participate. The 1st Children's Film Festival was held in India in 1952 and India participates in the International Center of Films for Children and Young People. Television enjoys popularity among children, illiterates, and the poor, but its potential to create social awareness, change behaviors, and raise the standard of living of the Indian people has not been fully realized. Drama is less able to reach large numbers of children, but offers children the opportunity to participate directly in the portrayal of different characters and emotions. Recently, the tradition of puppetry has been rivived and integrated into India's school curriculum. Finally, India is taking steps to expand the number of books available to children and the Government has established 2 trusts to support the publication of children's literature. Regardless of the form of media, it is important for parents to play a role in ensuring the appropriateness of the programming for the child and processing its content. PMID:12342719

Patankar, M

74

Children’s reactions to tragedy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports research into American children’s attitudes towards the Asian tsunami of 26 December 2004, based on a poll of 1,251 eight to 18-year-olds. Divides this age range into “tweens” of 8 to 12 year olds, and “teens” of 13 to 18, and notes differences between these subgroups in the answers received. Compares the reaction of Generation Y, which includes both

Dana Markow

2005-01-01

75

Children's drawings.  

PubMed

Children's drawings have been used in clinical interviews to provide direction for recollection and memory of events. Drawings encourage the retrieval of experience in the motoric, visual, and auditory recall. The drawing itself gives an expression of motor sensory discharge; the objects in the drawing help with the perceptual cues that are remembered; the cognitive dimensions are represented in the organization, interpersonal patterns, and verbal discussion of the picture. The premise of this paper is that children's drawings are useful as an associative tool for assessing and accessing traumatic memories. PMID:8435780

Burgess, A W; Hartman, C R

76

Concerts for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concerts designed to introduce young children to music and live performance are staged by a variety of organisations and ensembles across Australia. Shows featuring a wide range of performers are advertised for young children. Such concerts include Babies' Proms, Family Concerts by symphony orchestras, Play School Concerts, performances by…

Suthers, Louie

2008-01-01

77

SCHOOLS FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE HISTORY OF SUMMER SCHOOLS FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN IN NEW JERSEY IS BRIEFLY PRESENTED. DURING 16 YEARS OF OPERATION, THE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED FOR OVER 2,000 CHILDREN. SPECIAL SERVICES INCLUDE CARE OF PUPILS FROM 2 TO 15 YEARS OF AGE, HOT LUNCHES, DENTAL CARE, HEALTH SERVICES, AND A NURSE ON DUTY AT ALL TIMES. ALL TEACHERS, FULLY CERTIFIED,…

MCLAUGHLEN, HUGH W.

78

Lead Poisoning in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban children are exposed to lead through the air they breathe, the water they drink, and the food and nonfood substances they ingest. The history, diagnosis, and treatment of lead poisoning in these children are discussed. Includes information on the toxicology of lead and the various risk classes. (JN)

Boeckx, Roger L.

1986-01-01

79

The Punishment of Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The causes of punishment including violence are perceived, first and foremost, as in the nature of family relations. The authors' survey focused on children's interaction with their parents, and the risk of violence is clearly present. Russian sociological research on violence against children within families shows a lack of consensus on what…

Maslova, T. F.; Smagina, M. V.

2012-01-01

80

Nutrition and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The special issue of the journal contains 12 articles on nutrition and young children. The following titles and authors are included: "Overview--Nutritional Needs of Young Children" (M. Scialabba); "Nurturance--Mutually Created--Mother and Child" (M. McFarland); "Feeding the Special Needs Child" (E. Croup); "Maternal and Neonatal Nutrition--Long…

Frank, Mary, Ed.; And Others

1978-01-01

81

Lead Poisoning in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban children are exposed to lead through the air they breathe, the water they drink, and the food and nonfood substances they ingest. The history, diagnosis, and treatment of lead poisoning in these children are discussed. Includes information on the toxicology of lead and the various risk classes. (JN)|

Boeckx, Roger L.

1986-01-01

82

Licensing of Children's Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of licensing is to provide protection in circumstances in which people are vulnerable and to mandate that positive services will be provided. The common denominator of human vulnerability in licensed children's services is the fact that the children are in the care of someone other than their families. Licensed services include family…

Terpstra, Jake

83

Licensing of Children's Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of licensing is to provide protection in circumstances in which people are vulnerable and to mandate that positive services will be provided. The common denominator of human vulnerability in licensed children's services is the fact that the children are in the care of someone other than their families. Licensed services include family…

Terpstra, Jake

84

Sexuality and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes normal aspects of sexuality during the early years, including masturbation and children's fanciful sexual ideas. Presents inappropriately mature sexual knowledge as a danger sign of abuse. Discusses whether and what teachers/caregivers should tell children about sexuality, and notes the importance of teaching staff about sexual identity…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2000-01-01

85

Halitosis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the relationship between oral parameters and halitosis in children whose parents complained of malodorous breath. Methods: Twenty-four children (ages 5 to 14) were examined at 3 appointments. After the second appointment oral hygiene instructions were given. Malodor-related parameters included odor judge scores (whole mouth, tongue, nose, and interdental areas), sulfide levels, and microbiologic tests (Oratest and BANA).

Erica Amir; Rosa Shimonov; Mel Rosenberg

1999-01-01

86

Children's Art Exhibitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This theme issue of "InSEA News" is about children's art exhibitions and their cultural and educational contexts. The authors, from Canada, Australia, the United States, and Scotland, offer a variety of viewpoints about why, where, when, and how children's art exhibitions should be displayed. Issues discussed include who designs the exhibitions,…

Clark, Gilbert, Ed.

1997-01-01

87

Aggressive behaviour in early elementary school children: relations to authoritarian parenting, children’s negative emotionality and coping strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether authoritarian parenting, children’s negative emotionality and negative coping strategies independently or jointly predict children’s aggressive behaviour at school. Participants included the teachers and mothers of 185 Hong Kong resident Chinese children (90 girls and 95 boys), aged 6–8. Teachers rated the children’s aggressive behaviour at school, and mothers reported how often they adopted an authoritarian parenting

Siu Mui Chan

2010-01-01

88

Children's Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author is concerned that young people in residential care need to have opportunities to develop healthy and positive identities. The aspects of a) remedies for inadequate identities, b) outside influences on identity formation, c) the norms of the children's networks, and d) the strengths and weaknesses in personality are each explored in terms of the implications for child and

Vibeke Lasson

2002-01-01

89

Children's Hospice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this program is to develop and recommend a model of care that enhances the quality of life for DOD children with life-threatening conditions and their families. Our strategy is to maximize current benefits and coordinate medical care with exis...

C. M. Naulty

2007-01-01

90

Children's Hospice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this program is to develop and recommend a model of care that enhances the quality of life for Department of Defense (DoD) children with life-threatening conditions and their families. The authors' strategy is to maximize current benefits and ...

C. M. Naulty

2005-01-01

91

Children's Hospice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this program is to develop and recommend a model of care that enhances the of life for DOD children with life-threatening conditions and their families. Our strategy is to maximize current benefits and coordinate medical care with existing com...

C. M. Naulty

2006-01-01

92

Wild Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author, a Forest School Leader with Shropshire Wildlife Trust, shows how nature is the best teacher. She describes a new approach to out-of-classroom learning during which qualified leaders use simple challenges and achievable tasks to encourage child-initiated learning in the great outdoors. At Forest School, children are…

Trotman, Helen

2010-01-01

93

The NIH Children’s School  

Cancer.gov

Patient Information Publications NIH Clinical Center National Institutes of Health The NIH Children’s School The NIH Children’s School was established in 1953 to instruct school-age patients of the Clinical Center. An accredited satellite of the

94

Helping Young Children Manage Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the common symptoms of stress exhibited by young children including: (1) social or behavioral; (2) physical; (3) emotional; (4) cognitive; and (5) language. Addresses causes of stress, which typically represent change, fear, or loss in children. Offers strategies for easing children's stress including muscle relaxation, deep breathing,…

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

95

Continuing Spanish in Grade Four: MLA Teacher's Guide. A Course of Study Including Methods, Materials, and Aids for Teaching Conversational Spanish to Fourth-Grade Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second volume in a series of texts in a conversational Spanish course for elementary school children. Fourteen basic units present introductory linguistic patterns and cultural insights into the lives of the Spanish people. They include: (1) Review Unit 1, (2) Review Unit 2, (3) Special Unit A--"Cristobal Colon," (4) Review Unit 3,…

Thompson, Mary P.; And Others

96

Re-injecting Spontaneity and Balance in Family Life: Parents Perspectives on Recreation in Families that Include Children with Developmental Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Grounded in the naturalistic paradigm, a mixed-method research design (survey questionnaire, n=65; and interview, n=16) was used to explore the nature and benefits of, and constraints to, family recreation in families that included children with developmental disability. Statistical analyses were conducted on the quantitative data, while key…

Mactavish, J. B.; Schleien, S. J.

2004-01-01

97

The Effects of a Family Support Program Including Respite Care on Parenting Stress and Family Quality of Life Perceived by Primary Caregivers of Children with Disabilities in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, a family support program was carried out for primary caregivers of children with disabilities. The program included respite care, recreation programs, counseling, and social support coordination based on individual needs of each family. In order to verify the intervention effects, parenting stress and family quality of life were…

Sung, Minjung; Park, Jiyeon

2012-01-01

98

The Geography of Children: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an annotated and categorized bibliography to foster an explicit concern with the geography of children. Includes articles on (de)constructing children, children in the environment, designing environments for children, environmental hazards, indirect experience of place, social issues, citizenship and agency, and children's geographical…

McKendrick, John H.

2000-01-01

99

Programmes for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The library programs for children discussed in this report include: a suggested program for an art club, creative drama, film programs, hobby times, music programs, puppet programs, storytelling, and programs for special days and special events. A list of...

I. Reddy

1972-01-01

100

Children with Brittle Bones.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special help given to children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (brittle bone disease) is described, including adapted equipment to allow for writing and use of a classroom assistant to aid participation in a regular classroom. (CL)|

Alston, Jean

1982-01-01

101

Psychotropic Medications for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the clinical conditions and medications used with children who have emotional and behavioral problems including hyperactivity, enuresis, anxiety, depression, mental retardation, and Tourette's Syndrome. Discusses the role of the social worker, ethical issues, and training needs. (JAC)|

Cordoba, Oscar A.; And Others

1983-01-01

102

The Children of Yesterday.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Offers an introduction to children's history. The remaining articles are devoted to children's history. Provides general guidelines for teaching children about children's history and shows, in four photographs, American children from the 1800s with their tricycles, toy baby carriages, and dolls. (JDH)|

Downey, Matthew T.

1986-01-01

103

Exercise and children's health.  

PubMed

Every child and adolescent needs exercise, which is a risk-free investment for current and future health. Physicians can help parents and children understand the importance of exercise and help them select safe, enjoyable, age-appropriate activities. This article discusses current literature regarding exercise and its effects on children's health, including nutrition and cardiovascular issues. It also reviews the epidemiology and treatment of injuries in young athletes, including preventative measures. PMID:12831683

Lou, Julia E; Ganley, Theodore J; Flynn, John M

2002-12-01

104

Early Puberty in Adopted Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early puberty is frequently observed in adopted children. In various studies, early puberty has been associated with decreased final height. In Europe, studies were undertaken to treat early puberty in adopted children with GnRH agonist. This article reviews the current understanding of early puberty in adopted children, including prevalence, background and treatment options. Data from the European studies are briefly

D. Mul; W. Oostdijk; S. L. S. Drop

2002-01-01

105

Children of War. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan presents activities in which students read, analyze, and discuss excerpts from children's war diaries; and create a storyboard for a public service announcement on children's rights in wartime. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, extension activities, excerpts of children's war diaries, suggested readings, and web…

Discovery Communications, Inc., Bethesda, MD.

106

The Immigrant Children of Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina displaced the largest number of public school children ever affected by any disaster. Approximately 370,000 children, including 15,000 Latino/Hispanic children from Louisiana, were scattered throughout the 48 U.S. states (Landrieu, 2010; Louisiana Department of Education, 2004). Although much of the media…

Reyes, Augustina H.

2010-01-01

107

The Immigrant Children of Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina displaced the largest number of public school children ever affected by any disaster. Approximately 370,000 children, including 15,000 Latino/Hispanic children from Louisiana, were scattered throughout the 48 U.S. states (Landrieu, 2010; Louisiana Department of Education, 2004). Although much of the media…

Reyes, Augustina H.

2010-01-01

108

Typhoid Fever in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifty cases of typhoid in infants and young children are reported. In children over 5 years of age the features resembled those in adults, but in those under this age they were often nonspecific including fever, convulsions, diarrhoea, and vomiting. Attention is drawn to the importance of a blood culture in anaemic afebrile children who develop rigors

T. O. Mulligan

1971-01-01

109

The Future of Children: Children and Computer Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Future of Children is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. The purpose of the site is "to promote effective policies and programs for children" by providing information and research findings. Available from this website is the journal of Children and Computer Technology, which focuses on children's use of computer technology both in school and at home. The articles "summarize the knowledge and research available on how the use of computers affects children's development, whether it increases or decreases the disparities between rich and poor, and whether it can be used effectively to enhance learning." The site describes "promising examples of computer use" and offers recommendations to improve children's access to computers. Other sections include a review of Federal Programs to Increase Children's Access to Educational Technology, a survey on What Children Think About Computers, and a glossary which gives definitions for selected terms and acronyms.

110

Hallucinations in children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians need to consider a wide range of differential diagnoses when children and adolescents present with hallucinations.\\u000a This includes considering whether it is a developmentally normal phenomenon or if there is a psychiatric, medical, or neurologic\\u000a diagnosis. Nonpsychotic children with hallucinations can be differentiated from psychotic children. Nonpsychotic children\\u000a who are at risk (or prodromal) for future psychosis can be

Morton D. Sosland; Gail A. Edelsohn

2005-01-01

111

Problematic lesions in children.  

PubMed

Melanoma in childhood is rare, and appears more commonly either in association with a preexisting (congenital) nevus, or with spitzoid features than de novo. Thus, problematic melanocytic lesions in children are essentially represented by congenital nevi and Spitz nevi that can be regarded as melanoma precursors and melanoma simulators, respectively. As a consequence, clinical and dermoscopic features of melanoma in children differ from those in an adult population. Herein we describe common clinical and dermoscopic features of problematic lesions in children, focusing on congenital and Spitz/Reed nevi, and including other problematic lesions, such as atypical, blue, acral, and scalp nevi. PMID:24075543

Moscarella, Elvira; Piccolo, Vincenzo; Argenziano, Giuseppe; Lallas, Aimilios; Longo, Caterina; Castagnetti, Fabio; Pizzigoni, Stefania; Zalaudek, Iris

2013-07-10

112

Allergy Testing for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... 80 percent of children with asthma have allergies. Food allergies occur in 8 percent of children younger than ... that breast-feeding helps prevent children from developing food allergies and eczema. What are Signs or Symptoms of ...

113

Societal Influences on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies children's basic social needs; describes the effect of social pressures provided by family, schooling, peer groups, and television on children's social needs; and provides suggestions for balancing social priorities for children. (BB)

Isenberg, Joan

1987-01-01

114

Barriers in permanency planning for medically fragile children: Drug affected children and HIV infected children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the problems of medically fragile children, drug affected and\\/or HIV infected. Passage of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 markedly increased the number of these children in foster care. The specific barriers to permanency planning for this group of children are discussed and include interviews with staff people, review of the literature and integration

Victor Groze; Mark Haines-Simeon; Richard P. Barth

1994-01-01

115

Radiation disasters and children.  

PubMed

The special medical needs of children make it essential that pediatricians be prepared for radiation disasters, including 1) the detonation of a nuclear weapon; 2) a nuclear power plant event that unleashes a radioactive cloud; and 3) the dispersal of radionuclides by conventional explosive or the crash of a transport vehicle. Any of these events could occur unintentionally or as an act of terrorism. Nuclear facilities (eg, power plants, fuel processing centers, and food irradiation facilities) are often located in highly populated areas, and as they age, the risk of mechanical failure increases. The short- and long-term consequences of a radiation disaster are significantly greater in children for several reasons. First, children have a disproportionately higher minute ventilation, leading to greater internal exposure to radioactive gases. Children have a significantly greater risk of developing cancer even when they are exposed to radiation in utero. Finally, children and the parents of young children are more likely than are adults to develop enduring psychologic injury after a radiation disaster. The pediatrician has a critical role in planning for radiation disasters. For example, potassium iodide is of proven value for thyroid protection but must be given before or soon after exposure to radioiodines, requiring its placement in homes, schools, and child care centers. Pediatricians should work with public health authorities to ensure that children receive full consideration in local planning for a radiation disaster. PMID:12777572

2003-06-01

116

Children's Television in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)|

Murray, John P.

1978-01-01

117

Violence: Safeguarding Our Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This adaptation of the National Parent Teacher Association (PTA) booklet "Safeguarding Your Children" discusses cooperative efforts of communities, schools, and homes to protect children from violence. (SM)|

Our Children, 1995

1995-01-01

118

Young children's explorations: young children's research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Exploration' is recognised as research behaviour; anecdotally, as an early years' teacher, I witnessed many young children exploring. However, young children's self-initiated explorations are rarely regarded as research by adult researchers and policy-makers. The exclusion of young children's autonomous explorations from recognition as research conflicts with ‘new sociology’ perspectives positioning children as social actors. These tensions have driven a small-scale

Jane Murray

2011-01-01

119

Young children's explorations: young children's research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Exploration' is recognised as research behaviour; anecdotally, as an early years' teacher, I witnessed many young children exploring. However, young children's self-initiated explorations are rarely regarded as research by adult researchers and policy-makers. The exclusion of young children's autonomous explorations from recognition as research conflicts with ‘new sociology’ perspectives positioning children as social actors. These tensions have driven a small-scale

Jane Murray

2012-01-01

120

Children’s tonsillectomy experiences: influencing factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing children’s (7—13 years) tonsillectomy experiences and outcomes. A prospective, repeated measures, design was used to investigate the effect of age, gender, ethnicity, time, and previous pain, hospitalization and surgery on children’s (N = 60) perceptions of anxiety, pain intensity, quality of pain and sleep, and oral intake. The relationship between

Margie Crandall; Cathy Lammers; Craig Senders; Jerome V. Braun

2009-01-01

121

Young children’s understanding of love  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is surprising that the central role ascribed to love in the development of young children did not suffice to trigger research\\u000a into the question of how young children understand the concept of love. The present study was based on interviews with 200\\u000a children in 5 groups ranging in age from 2.6 to 6 years. The children were clinically interviewed

Pnina S. Klein

1989-01-01

122

"Twilight Children": The Street Children of Johannesburg.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interviewed approximately 25 street children in Johannesburg, South Africa, and social services and educational personnel providing services to these children. Street children had experienced stress within their family, school, and society. Many came from structurally disadvantaged homes. Approximately 90 percent were identified as learning…

Hickson, Joyce; Gaydon, Vanessa

1989-01-01

123

Resolving issues in children’s research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses ethical and practical considerations in conducting market research with children. Outlines some relevant differences between children and adults which pose challenges to research: children are often shy and inarticulate, physically unable to perform some tasks, are concrete and egocentric in their thinking with short attention spans, have difficulty when asked to put experiences in a time frame or quantify

Debbie Solomon; Jo Peters

2005-01-01

124

Public Policy and Children’s Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television occupies a large part of children’s time from an early age. Among its many functions, education, social learning (prosocial as well as antisocial), and selling products are well documented by research evidence. Commercial programming for children in the United States consists primarily of cartoons and entertainment shows; educational and informative programs are supplied by public broadcasting and, to some

Aletha C. Huston; Bruce A. Watkins; Dale Kunkel

1989-01-01

125

City Children in African Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive study identified titles and features of children's books set in an African city. Data were collected from various reviews of children's literature for titles published since 1980. In addition, the Cooperative Children's Book Center's log list of acquired titles for Africa from 1990 to 1996 was reviewed. Results showed that authors…

Kuntz, Patricia S.

126

Food advertising on children’s television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research investigates the changes in the types of advertised food products and the use of nutritional versus consumer appeals in children’s advertising from 2000 to 2005. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Content Analysis. Findings – Results indicate that food processors and restaurants have not changed their advertising messages to children in response to the multitude of pressures the industry is

Jill Kurp Maher; John B. Lord; Renée Shaw Hughner; Nancy M. Childs

2006-01-01

127

Improving children's dental health.  

PubMed

Surveys show that tooth decay in young children is becoming concentrated in more deprived sectors of the population. Only by targeting families with young children in underprivileged areas will dental health be improved further. An analysis of dental health promotion advice has shown that simple, direct advice to "brush teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste" is just as effective as complicated health promoting activities. Questions about the development of the teeth and oral structures are common among new parents but they rarely turn to the dental team for answers. Nurses, health visitors and midwives are very much in the front line because of their work with young families. Dental health advice for families with young children, delivered by community health professionals including health visitors and midwives, may be the key to tackling inequalities in oral health in young children. PMID:12449062

Ottley, Carol

2002-01-01

128

Vietnam in Childrens' Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-five nonfiction and 18 fiction and folklore listings are included in this bulletin on Vietnam in childrens' books. Slides, filmstrips, and film listings are also included. Each listing is accompanied by a brief annotation. Subjects include customs and culture, the country and the people, Ho Chi Min, the Vietnamese revolution, Vietnamese…

United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY. United States Committee.

129

Motivating autistic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major problem encountered in the field of autism is the children's characteristic lack of motivation. This problem is especially apparent when autistic children attempt to complete learning tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of correct vs incorrect task completion on children's motivation to respond to such tasks. Ss were 3 autistic children aged 6

Robert L. Koegel; Andrew L. Egel

1979-01-01

130

Children with Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All children, even the healthiest, have preventive and acute health care needs. Moreover, a growing number of children are chronically ill, with preventive, acute, and ongoing care needs that may be much more demanding than those for healthy children. Because children are unable to care for themselves, their parents are expected to provide a range…

Schuster, Mark A.; Chung, Paul J.; Vestal, Katherine D.

2011-01-01

131

Evaluating games with children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two observation techniques for research with children will be described in this paper. First, research with children in a controlled setting will be discussed and secondly observation techniques for doing research with children in their natural environment (field research). To involve children effectively in the design and evaluation process of the development of a product\\/game, appropriate evaluation techniques are needed.

Bieke Zaman

132

Helping Children Develop Physically.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to help family home care providers address the needs of children at various developmental stages, this manual contains practical suggestions for encouraging and evaluating children's physical development. The manual is divided into four sections focusing respectively on infants, toddlers, preschool children, and school-aged children.…

Gilkerson, Deanna

133

Writing Books for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to the author, an experienced editor, teacher, and writer of children's literature, the purpose of this book is threefold: to present a broader view of children's literature, to show the wide range of children's literature, and to reveal the opportunities available for writing children's literature. The chapters discuss: (1) attitudes…

Yolen, Jane

134

Children of Incarcerated Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The arrest and imprisonment of a parent is significant trauma for children, and children of incarcerated parents are at high risk for juvenile delinquency. This book for social workers, psychologists, and others who work with children whose parents are incarcerated examines parental incarceration, its impact on children, care and placement of…

Gabel, Katherine, Ed.; Johnston, Denise, Ed.

135

Children's Programs in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides general information and statistics about the State of Iowa's children and current children's programs administered by state agencies. Indicating the need for children's programs, the report lists statistical evidence for child abuse, foster care, deaths of children, disabilities and special education, delinquency, substance…

Milobar, Dianne; Corkery, Marg

136

Understanding Children's Drawings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's art not only provides a window to children's problems, it also gives them another language with which to share feelings and ideas. This book provides an overview of the multidimensional aspects of children's drawings, and is intended to assist therapists in working with children and their drawings. Chapter 1 discusses projective tests…

Malchiodi, Cathy A.

137

Children's Mental Health Surveillance  

MedlinePLUS

Children’s Mental Health Surveillance National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Division of Human Development and Disability What are ... gov CDC issues first comprehensive report on children’s mental health in the United States A new report from ...

138

[When children fall].  

PubMed

Second only to traffic accidents, accidental falling is the most significant cause of death in children. Included in this category is a special group of accidents--falling from a height--where preventative measures would give good results. Cases of child abuse have also been found in this group. From 1989 to 1994 64 children, 19 girls and 45 boys, were treated in our surgical department after accidental falls. There were 99 injuries in all, most of them caused by falls from heights less than 2.5 m. Only two children suffered penetrating injuries. Two of the 64 children died from cerebral injuries after falling from great heights. One child died from heart tamponade, caused by rupture of the right auricle after falling down a steep staircase. One child survived a fall from a great height despite multiple injuries. In such cases, treatment is dependent on a multiple trauma team being available on a 24-hour basis. Measures to prevent falls in the home, as well as in children's playgrounds and in kindergartens are not only very important, but also easy to apply. Suspicion of child abuse must be raised where unusual injuries are observed in children who have reportedly fallen from low heights. PMID:9667124

Solheim, K

1998-06-20

139

Neuropathic pain in children.  

PubMed

The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines neuropathic pain as being caused by a lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system. Characteristics that would define neuropathic pain and differentiate it from other types of pain include: pain and sensory symptoms that persist beyond the healing period; presence, in variable degree, of neurological sensory signs manifesting as negative and positive sensory phenomena; presence, in variable degree, of other neurological signs, including motor, manifesting as negative and positive motor phenomena or autonomic signs. Many of the conditions causing neuropathic pain in adults are rare in children, but some forms of neuropathic pain do affect children and adolescents as complex regional pain syndrome or phantom limb pain. Treatment strategies that have demonstrated to be efficacious in adults have been extrapolated to be used in children, including medications, nerve blocks, physical therapy, and behavioral medicine. A multidisciplinary program that combines all of these approaches provides the best chance of relief. PMID:15181421

Ingelmo, P M; Fumagalli, R

2004-05-01

140

Torture in children.  

PubMed

This is a review article that studies the problem of torture in children. Torture in children is a significant worldwide problem, but there are no official or reliable independent statistics to measure the magnitude of the problem. The definition of torture in the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment applies to adults and children. The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines children as "every human being below the age of eighteen years". Torture in children happens during peace times and during political violence and war conflicts. The majority of torture victims happen during peace times. The high-risk groups are impoverished children living in the street, children deprived of parental care, children in conflict with the law, and children in detention. During political violence and war the high risk children are the children detained during political violence, child soldiers, children internally displaced in refugee camps, detained children during the war against terrorism and children tortured by peacekeeping forces. The perpetrators of torture in children are the members of the same forces that torture adults, generally the police, civil police, security guards trained by police, prison guards, and military forces. The paper identifies some preventive measure and develops recommendations for action at the local, national and international level. PMID:19920326

Quiroga, Jose

2009-01-01

141

Mapping Numerical Processing, Reading, and Executive Functions in the Developing Brain: An fMRI Meta-Analysis of 52 Studies Including 842 Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the connections from brain functions to children's cognitive development and education is a major goal of modern neuroscience. We performed the first meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data obtained over the past decade (1999-2008) on more than 800 children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive…

Houde, Olivier; Rossi, Sandrine; Lubin, Amelie; Joliot, Marc

2010-01-01

142

Mapping Numerical Processing, Reading, and Executive Functions in the Developing Brain: An fMRI Meta-Analysis of 52 Studies Including 842 Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tracing the connections from brain functions to children's cognitive development and education is a major goal of modern neuroscience. We performed the first meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data obtained over the past decade (1999-2008) on more than 800 children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive…

Houde, Olivier; Rossi, Sandrine; Lubin, Amelie; Joliot, Marc

2010-01-01

143

Young Children. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational, cognitive, and brain research with implications for early childhood educators, including those who work with limited-English-proficient, minority, and economically disadvantaged children. "Coming to Grips with Reading Instruction at the Early Grades" (Christie L. Goodman) reports…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

144

Search for Special Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is the Indiana Department of Public Instruction's Childfind program to identify and locate all handicapped children ages 0 to 21 within the state. Sections are devoted to the following program aspects: Planning (including interagency involvement, preliminary market research, and manpower organization and planning); execution (including

Peterson, Pam; Clark, Bob

145

Experiences of daycare children of divorce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that children of divorce are at risk of adjustment problems and school problems. In previous studies of young children of divorce, most often parents or teachers have supplied data. In this study, we explore the children's own feelings and experiences through Q methodology with visual images. The study includes 17 children of divorce and 20 living with both

Ingunn Størksen; Arlene Arstad Thorsen; Klara Øverland; Steven R. Brown

2012-01-01

146

Experiences of daycare children of divorce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that children of divorce are at risk of adjustment problems and school problems. In previous studies of young children of divorce, most often parents or teachers have supplied data. In this study, we explore the children's own feelings and experiences through Q methodology with visual images. The study includes 17 children of divorce and 20 living with both

Ingunn Størksen; Arlene Arstad Thorsen; Klara Øverland; Steven R. Brown

2011-01-01

147

Abuse and Neglect of Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estimates of the incidence of abuse of children with disabilities range from 2 to 10 times the rate of children without disabilities All forms of abuse, including multiple types of abuse with the same child, multiple perpetrators of abuse, and multiple victims within a grouping of children, exist within the population of children with…

Baladerian, Nora J.

1994-01-01

148

Who's Teaching the Children to Talk?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the crucial role of language in child development, including intellectual development and the development of the brain. Describes the types of messages children receive from their parents' words, the importance of talking with children and exposing children to words without pictures, and ways schools can help parents develop children's…

Healy, Jane

1994-01-01

149

Children's Rights under Siege in Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the problem of police violence against street children in Guatemala. Includes details of cases, the problems of street children, and the work of Covenant House in trying to help and protect children. Argues that only education about human rights can obtain and preserve rights for children. (DK)|

Harris, Bruce

1992-01-01

150

Experiences of Daycare Children of Divorce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research shows that children of divorce are at risk of adjustment problems and school problems. In previous studies of young children of divorce, most often parents or teachers have supplied data. In this study, we explore the children's own feelings and experiences through Q methodology with visual images. The study includes 17 children of…

Storksen, Ingunn; Thorsen, Arlene Arstad; Overland, Klara; Brown, Steven R.

2012-01-01

151

Health care policy for medically fragile children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medically fragile children are part of a growing population of children with special health care needs (CSHCN) who are dependent on technology for survival. Despite the extensive care needs characteristic of this population, many medically fragile children are cared for in their homes. Caregivers for these children are faced with numerous tasks, including the daily care of their child as

Anne M Mentro

2003-01-01

152

Behavioral and Personality Characteristics of Children With Reactive Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors compared behavioral and personality characteristics of children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) with non-RAD children. Participants included parents of children with RAD (n = 21), parents of non-RAD children (n = 21), and some of the children (n = 20). The parents completed questionnaires regarding behavioral and personality characteristics of their children. Parents were also given the option

Sara Elizabeth Kay Hall; Glenn Geher

2003-01-01

153

Young children’s talk about learning events  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand children’s conception of knowledge acquisition better, everyday uses of the terms “learn” and “teach” were examined. Longitudinal data obtained from CHILDES (MacWhinney & Snow, 1990) included 329 target term uses and related references by children (N=5, aged 2;4–7;3) and 431 by adults talking with them. Each reference was coded for mention of what was learned, when,

Karen Bartsch; Keith Horvath; David Estes

2003-01-01

154

The Impact of HIV on Children´s Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children living in HIV\\/AIDS affected households bear the heaviest burden of the epidemic. Besides direct vertical transmission, HIV\\/ AIDS potentially worsens the children’s welfare indirectly through its socio-economic impact. This paper uses household survey data including information about individual HIV infection status to analyze the direct and indirect effects of HIV-infected household members on child mortality, undernutrition and educational attainment

Kenneth Harttgen

2007-01-01

155

Explaining errors in children’s questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to explain the occurrence of errors in children’s speech is an essential component of successful theories of language acquisition. The present study tested some generativist and constructivist predictions about error on the questions produced by ten English-learning children between 2 and 5 years of age. The analyses demonstrated that, as predicted by some generativist theories [e.g. Santelmann, L.,

Caroline F. Rowland

2007-01-01

156

The Immigrant Children of Katrina  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina displaced the largest number of public school children ever affected by any disaster. Approximately 370,000 children, including 15,000 Latino\\/Hispanic children from Louisiana, were scattered throughout the 48 U.S. states (Landrieu, 2010; Louisiana Department of Education, 2004). Although much of the media attention, policy, and research have focused on the effects of race—primarily Black\\/White—in New Orleans

Augustina H. Reyes

2010-01-01

157

Cardiac pacing in children.  

PubMed

Advances in pacemaker technology over the last 25 years have made cardiac pacing in infants and children a safe and practical therapy. Some of the technical challenges encountered with the first permanent pacemaker implantation in children during the early 1960s have been solved with miniaturized generators, lithium batteries, noninvasive programmability, and improved placement techniques. This chapter reports common causes of bradydysrhythmias in children, reviews the indications for permanent pacemaker implantation in children, describes current pacing systems appropriate for children, and identifies nursing implications and potential pacemaker complications unique to children. PMID:1995011

Lawrence, P A

1991-02-01

158

Specificity of Dyspraxia in Children With Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To explore the specificity of impaired praxis and postural knowledge to autism by examining three samples of children, including those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typically developing (TD) children. Method: Twenty-four children with ASD, 24 children with ADHD, and 24 TD children, ages 8–13, completed measures assessing basic motor control (the Physical and Neurological

Lindsey K. MacNeil; Stewart H. Mostofsky

2012-01-01

159

Hypnosis for treatment of pain in children  

PubMed Central

QUESTION Many children suffer from chronic and painful illnesses. Hypnosis was found to be effective for analgesia in adults. Is it effective for managing pain in children? ANSWER Children can be easier to hypnotize than adults. Studies have shown clinical hypnosis and self-hypnosis to be effective as adjunct treatments for children in pain. Examples include painful medical procedures, such as bone marrow aspiration and lumbar puncture in pediatric cancer patients, postoperative pain and anxiety in children undergoing surgery, and chronic headache.

Rogovik, Alex L.; Goldman, Ran D.

2007-01-01

160

Children's Picture Book Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at Miami University, the Children's Picture Book Database indexes abstracts of over 4,000 picture books for children. Designed as tool for teachers creating literature-based thematic units for all disciplines, the database is searchable by a set of topical keywords (over 900) organized by discipline or alphabetically, or by a boolean combination search. Entries include title and author, an abstract, and a list of related keywords. Many of the topic listings also provide related links. A well-organized and useful site for preschool to third grade teachers, parents, and librarians.

161

PTSD in Children and Teens  

MedlinePLUS

... What does PTSD look like in children? School-aged children (ages 5-12) These children may not ... First Aid (PFA) has been used with school-aged children and teens that have been through violence ...

162

Children's Views on Quality Standards for Children's Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending a recent study of the standards mothers apply in evaluating the quality of children's programs (Nikken et al., 1996), this study investigated the standards children between 9 and 12 years of age (N = 427) use to evaluate the quality of four types of children's programs: children's news programs, educational programs for children, dramatic programs for children, and cartoons.

Peter Nikken

1997-01-01

163

Children in the Junkyard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the role of playgrounds that use discarded items or "junk" as an integral part of kindergarten classes in an Israeli kibbutz. Suggests that play in the junkyard, by including the whole person--muscles and senses, emotion and intellect, individual growth and social interaction--can offer the experiential foundations on which children can…

Haas, Malka

1996-01-01

164

1991 Children's Book Awards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists the winners of the 1991 children's book awards, including the Newbery Award (Jerry Spinelli); the Caldecott Award (David Macaulay); the Coretta Scott King Award (Mildred Taylor, author; Leo and Diane Dillon, illustrators); and the Mildred L. Batchelder Award (Rafik Shami, author; translated from Arabic by Rika Lesser). (LRW)

School Library Media Annual (SLMA), 1991

1991-01-01

165

Children and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attempts to trace historical changes in the relationship between adults and children from pre-industrial times in Europe to the European present are made in this essay. Topics discussed include: (1) brief childhood in pre-industrial society; (2) the discovery of childhood by the bourgeoisie; (3) the reproduction of the proletariat; (4) the…

Liljestrom, Rita

166

Assessing Minority Group Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contents of this book include the following collection of articles: "Assessing Minority Group Children: Challenges for School Psychologists," Thomas Oakland; "The NEA Testing Moratorium," Boyd Bosma; "Cultural Myopia: The Need for a Corrective Lens," Martin H. Gerry; "Assumptions Underlying Psychological Testing," T. Ernest Newland;…

Phillips, Beeman N., Ed.

167

Children, media and consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports a five-year Danish study into levels of consumer socialisation among children, showing how they have been affected by new and proliferating communications media; issues include their spending and saving abilities, brand awareness, media use, interests and activities, while advertising was examined in relation to consumer socialisation. Outlines the methods of this research, which consists of qualitative and quantitative data

Birgitte Tufte

2003-01-01

168

Children's Books and Recordings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an annotated bibliography of books and audiotape recordings for children from infancy through the early elementary grades. The bibliography includes recordings of music and storytelling; books that tell fairy tales and old favorite stories; and books about such topics as mother-child relationships and pets. (BB)|

Rivkin, Mary; And Others

1993-01-01

169

Books for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography includes 27 children's books, 15 of which are fiction, and 12 nonfiction. Of the nonfiction books, three discuss historical topics and nine cover nature-related topics such as rainforests, the ocean floor, snakes and other animals, and rural farm life. (SM)|

Hildebrand, Joan M.

1993-01-01

170

Paperback Books for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 700 titles are included in "Paperback Books for Children," a guide for librarians and teachers published by the American Association of School Librarians. It is divided into the following sections: Picture Books; Fiction; Nonfiction; Myths, Folklore, and Fairy Tales; and Poetry, Rhymes, Riddles and Jokes. The book also contains an adult…

Simmons, Beatrice, Ed.

171

Books for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes 27 children's books, 15 of which are fiction, and 12 nonfiction. Of the nonfiction books, three discuss historical topics and nine cover nature-related topics such as rainforests, the ocean floor, snakes and other animals, and rural farm life. (SM)

Hildebrand, Joan M.

1993-01-01

172

Media Violence and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the results of the UNESCO global study on media violence and children which was conducted between 1996 and 1997. Highlights include the role of the media, media heroes as role models, media violence and aggression, differences by gender, rural versus urban environments, the pervasiveness of television, and recommendations. (Author/LRW)|

Groebel, Jo

1998-01-01

173

Children and Drama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book collects the current thinking of fourteen of the leading practitioners in the field of children in theatre. Evident throughout the book is the theme that it is the creativity of the individual teacher or leader that makes for exciting results in drama by and for young people. Included are reminiscences, philosophies, teaching hints, and…

McCaslin, Nellie, Ed.

174

Action for Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The origins, development, and effectiveness of Action for Children's Television (ACT) are examined in this pamphlet. The strategies used by ACT to obtain change at the congressional level and within television stations and networks include the following: a "tuneout" day when people are urged to turn off their television sets, a boycott of certain…

Ranly, Donald P.

175

Developing Children's Literary Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Malay literary materials and resources for early childhood in Malaysia are still in the infant stage and have not been expanded to include the main references or developed into big book form. The children literature in our market is not published based on educational philosophy and research, but it is produced based on profit. The process of…

Peng, Chew Fong

2012-01-01

176

Assessing Minority Group Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contents of this book include the following collection of articles: "Assessing Minority Group Children: Challenges for School Psychologists," Thomas Oakland; "The NEA Testing Moratorium," Boyd Bosma; "Cultural Myopia: The Need for a Corrective Lens," Martin H. Gerry; "Assumptions Underlying Psychological Testing," T. Ernest Newland;…

Phillips, Beeman N., Ed.

177

Sports Injuries in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A literature review revealed an absence of well-controlled studies concerning the prevention of sports injuries in children. A checklist outlines some causes of the overuse syndrome, including (1) training errors; (2) the nature of playing surfaces; (3) muscle imbalance; (4) anatomic malalignments; (5) construction of shoes; and (6) various…

Taft, Timothy N.

1991-01-01

178

Library Services Due California Children and Youth.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This collection of informational materials includes brief essays on library services due California children and youth, ways to help children develop thinking skills, and thrusts of parent involvement. Also included are a bibliography of books for use in ...

1979-01-01

179

[Respecting rights of hospitalized children].  

PubMed

Children's rights are nowadays an important social, pedagogic, legal and moral problem. Practical respecting of resolutions included in the Convention on the Rights of the Child is far from perfect and requires changing social way of thinking. To attain this, the contents and essence of children's rights have to be disseminated and consequently enforced. The aim of my research was to answer the question: "What are the conditions for upholding children's right to respect at children wards?". The subject of my analysis was nurses' value hierarchy and individual conditions influencing respecting children rights. Research procedures were directed towards finding the answer to the following question: "What is the range of upholding children's right to respect?". I defined children's right to respect on the basis of analysis of Janusz Korczak's scientific output and the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The rights being the subject of my research are classified either as "soft" or "hard" rights. "Soft" rights are defined in articles no. 12-16 and 31. Rights defined in articles no. 6, 7, 9 and 24 are referred to as "hard" rights. The synthesis of research results leads to the following solution of the research problem: The assumption of a strong influence of the most important values on mental life-thinking, perception, emotional-motivation processes, attitude and behavior of questioned nurses did not have proper empirical confirmation. Nurses' value hierarchy does not ensure upholding of children's right to respect in hospitals. Nurses' awareness of children rights reaches average level, while their knowledge and activity are at low level, and understanding of essence of children's rights and valuation of the rights--at average level. Average level of awareness of respecting children's rights makes children's existence in hospital imperiled by intuitive, often routine activities of nurses. The level of nurses' awareness is differentiated by age, place of employment and seniority. The dependence of awareness level upon questioned nurses' education has not been proved. The scale of upholding of children's right to respect has been defined on the basis of assumed indices conditioning the respect at an average level. It does not prove that children rights are respected in hospitals, as some of the rights are respected only to a small extent, causing menace to children existence. To change the existing situation, regular assessment of respecting children rights by all medical personnel shall be conducted regularly. Legal issues shall be included in the list of obligatory subjects of nursing studies and of all external forms of additional nurse training. These and other activities shall ensure existential safety for children in the hospital and increase the prestige of a nurse as a job. PMID:16529168

Mroczek, Bozena

2004-01-01

180

Children’s regard for nurses and nursing: A mosaic of children’s views on community nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade there has been both an increase in the number of children who receive nursing care in their communities rather than in hospitals, and an increasing willingness to listen to children. This qualitative study used Clark’s Mosaic approach to elicit children’s views of community children’s nursing. Twenty-one children took part in total, with seven children making up

Duncan Randall

2012-01-01

181

Arterial ischemic stroke in children.  

PubMed

Acute ischemic stroke affects 3.3 of 100,000 children per year. The causes of AIS in children can be broadly divided into the following 6 categories: cardiac disese, sickle cell disease, moyamoya, arterial dissection, other arteriopathies, and other causes. Approximately 24% of the cases are classified as idiopathic. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral angiography play an important role in the determining the causes of an AIS in children. Medical approaches, including anticoagulation, anti-inflammatories, and antiplatelet therapies, surgical revascularization and endovascular approaches may have a role in the management of AIS in children. PMID:24156865

Gemmete, Joseph J; Davagnanam, Indran; Toma, Ahmed K; Brew, Stefan; Ganesan, Vijeya

2013-05-31

182

Written for Children: An Outline of English Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's prose literature in Britain is surveyed from the 17th century to the present. The main stream of this development is exemplified by an examination of the lives and works of such authors as (1) John Newbery, whose books for children include "Goody Two-Shoes" (1766), (2) Mrs. Sherwood, whose didactic books contain a moral lesson in every…

Townsend, John Rowe

183

Medicine safety and children  

MedlinePLUS

... medicine is made to look and taste like candy. Children are curious and attracted to medicine. Most ... like you. Do not call medicine or vitamins candy. Children like candy and will get into medicine ...

184

Seasonal Allergies in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Seasonal Allergies in Children Health Issues Listen Seasonal Allergies in Children Article Body Every fall, 5-year- ... were attacking the body. When to Suspect an Allergy Some allergies are easy to identify by the ...

185

Children and Facial Paralysis  

MedlinePLUS

... en Español About Otolaryngology ENT History Children and Facial Paralysis About 40,000 people in the United States develop facial paralysis each year with children comprising a small percentage ...

186

Fecal Incontinence in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... It Community Who We Are Contact Us Donate Fecal Incontinence in Children If your child has fecal or ... a doctor to determine the cause and treatment. Fecal incontinence can occur in children because of a birth ...

187

Children and Prejudice  

MedlinePLUS

... prejudice are not confined to ethnic and racial stereotypes and bias. Every day, children are exposed to the way some individuals are valued more or less because of their gender or age. Young children may or may not ...

188

Children and Dairy Chemicals  

MedlinePLUS

Children & Dairy Chemicals Chemicals used to clean dairy facilities and equipment, especially dairy pipeline cleaners, pose a special risk for children. Rapid medical assessment and treatment is critical in preventing long ...

189

Dances for Children, with Children, and by Children: Looking at Recital Dance through a Lens of Children's Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers and cultural theorists Ronnberg and Mouritsen both describe three kinds of creative products in children's culture: (1) products created for children by adults, (2) with children and adults working together, and (3) by children working alone. Each kind of activity serves a different social function for children and creates a different psychological effect. This article examines children's dance through

Miriam Giguere

2011-01-01

190

Antibiotic prescriptions in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: In the year surveyed, 511270 antibiotic prescriptions in 219 257 children were identified. In all, 52.9% of children received at least one antibiotic; this percentage decreased with age, ranging from 70.4% in children 1-2 years old to 35.8% in children >11 years old. Fifty-two per cent of inhabitants under the age of 15 years were treated with systemic antibiotics

D. Resi; M. Milandri; M. L. Moro; Viale Aldo Moro

2003-01-01

191

Cerebrovascular disorders in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cerebrovascular disorders are an important cause of mortality and chronic morbidity in children. International incidence rates\\u000a for childhood stroke (ie, from 30 days to 18 years of age) have ranged from 1.3 to 13 per 100,000 children. Ischemic stroke is probably more common\\u000a than hemorrhagic stroke in children. The clinical presentation of stroke in children varies according to age and

John Kylan Lynch

2004-01-01

192

Children's After School Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental correlates of children's after school arrangements were examined with suburban seventh graders and their mothers. Self-care children identified as unsupervised and “hanging out” had more difficulties than supervised children or unsupervised self-care children “at home” in terms of school achievement, susceptibility to peer pressure, self-reported behavior problems, and experimentation with alcohol. The study failed to identify any benefits of

Michele Goyette-Ewing

2000-01-01

193

School lunches: children's services or children's spaces?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years the UK government has taken a number of steps to promote ‘healthy eating’ within schools. This policy initiative has, in line with the now well established and pervasive theme of children's participation, drawn upon input from school pupils themselves. Yet despite this, we argue that there is evidence of a mismatch between the agenda of children and

Paul Daniel; Ulla Gustafsson

2010-01-01

194

Children's Literature: Walls in Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends using children's books focusing on the theme of walls to generate discussion about the universal human need for walls, both real and metaphorical. Provides annotations of eight children's books, categorized by level for classroom discussion, that represent a global approach to social studies. (NL)|

Gallagher, Arlene F.

1990-01-01

195

Hungry Children. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of physicians with an interest in the medical problems of rural American children in the South and in Appalachia report on the medical and health conditions among children in impoverished areas of rural Mississippi. The basic needs of both Negro and white children for adequate growth and development are discussed. Health and physical…

Wheeler, Raymond M.; And Others

196

Bad Air For Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children are especially sensitive to air pollution and consequences to them maybe of longer duration than to adults. The effects of low-level pollution on children are the concern of this article. The need for research on the threat of air pollution to childrens' health is emphasized. (BT)|

Kane, Dorothy Noyes

1976-01-01

197

Children's Play and Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses adverse effects of FCC deregulation of children's television programming on children's play behavior. Discusses the difference between play and imitation, the role of high quality dramatic play in healthy child development, the popularity of war play, and use of toys to increase dramatic play. Considers ways to help children gain…

Powell, Mark

2001-01-01

198

Children's Knowledge About Medicines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model explaining children's knowledge about medicines and the perceived benefit of medicines was constructed and estimated. The children's health belief model, cognitive development and social cognitive development theories, combined with previous multimethod study results form the basis of the path analytic model analyzed. Children, aged 7 and 10 years, and their primary caregivers were interviewed during 1992 and 1993.

ANNA B. ALMARSDÓTTIR; CATHERINE ZIMMER

1998-01-01

199

Parental Smoking Affects Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research done by workers at Harvard Medical School suggests that passive exposure to cigarette smoke can impair breathing in children ages five through nine. Lung flow rates (breathing ability) decreased for children with smoking parents, and significantly if the children also smoke. (MA)|

Science News, 1978

1978-01-01

200

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

201

Anger Control in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aggression is a major source of concern to mental health professionals working with children. Research suggests that such children are vulnerable for becoming maladjusted adults, with high incidence of drug and alcohol abuse. Given the pressure to treat aggressive children, there is little empirical evidence that traditional psychotherapeutic techniques have been effective. Therefore, there is urgent need for the development

Joan B. Stern; Iris G. Fodor

1989-01-01

202

Children and the Nintendo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The four reports contained in this document examine the effects of the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), which entered the lives of many children in the United States in 1986. The first report discusses a study of children's interaction with the game hardware. The study of fourth- and fifth-grade students indicated that children's interaction…

Keller, Suzanne M.

203

Children in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

wenty-five years ago educational services for children with disabilities were frequently fragmented, underfunded, highly segregated, and unreliable. Public schools were often ill prepared and unwilling to provide special and necessary services to children with disabilities. Over the past two decades, efforts to provide an appropriate education for children with disabilities in America—through a series of state statutes, federal court cases,

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

204

Children, Technology, and Flowers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that as technology becomes more pervasive, it is important to ask why it can be important for children, discussing: how today's technologies offer new ways for children to socialize, how technology can empower children, and how new technologies create learning opportunities that support the "messiness" of being a child, the interactive…

Druin, Allison

2003-01-01

205

Physical Activity for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an excerpt from "Physical Activity for Children: A Statement of Guidelines for Children Ages 5-12 (2nd Edition)" by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. This excerpt outlines 4 guidelines in promoting age-appropriate physical activities for children with corresponding interpretations. Among other…

Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2004

2004-01-01

206

Fantasy and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because fantasy has a special role in the lives of children, the meaning and consequences of fantasy experiences in children's lives are central psychological questions. Although the scientific study of fantasy is in its infancy, it does seem to be the case that children with rich fantasy lives have better self-control and are less likely to be…

Feshbach, Seymour

207

Rectal prolapse in children.  

PubMed

Rectal prolapse in children is nowadays a rare anomaly. Potty training in young children is the common cause and the resulting prolapse can be treated conservatively. In children with refractory prolapse, sclerosing injections may be used. Operative treatment by posterior rectopexy is only indicated in the very few cases of long-standing prolapse. PMID:2694022

Severijnen, R; Festen, C; van der Staak, F; Rieu, P

1989-12-01

208

Children in Jail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of 52 theoretical papers on school crime and its relation to poverty, this chapter presents a series of life studies of children in jail, along with a brief discussion of prison reform. The purpose of the life studies is to allow jailed children or children who have been in jail to speak for themselves of the conditions of jail and the…

Cottle, Thomas J.

209

Television and Children's Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1970 Census Report states that children under 14 years of age comprise 23.4% of the population, the Committee on Children's Television (CCT) feels that television broadcasters have an obligation to determine and serve the needs of these children. After examining the 1971 license renewal applications of four of the five San Francisco Bay…

Committee on Children's Television, San Francisco, CA.

210

International Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the definition and contributions of international children's literature. The authors also present an overview of the International Board on Books for Young Children (IBBY), the Hans Christian Andersen Award and 2004 nominees, and the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL). Finally, the article concludes with…

Zeece, Paulin Davey; Hayes, Noirin

2004-01-01

211

Children Talking about Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to demonstrate how quality literature can engage children in reflective thinking about stories, themselves, and the world, this book suggests children's literature worthy of discussion, shows how interactions work, and encourages adults to bond with children. The book begins with a chapter on how to use the book and a chapter on the…

Borders, Sarah G.; Naylor, Alice Phoebe

212

Parental Smoking Affects Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research done by workers at Harvard Medical School suggests that passive exposure to cigarette smoke can impair breathing in children ages five through nine. Lung flow rates (breathing ability) decreased for children with smoking parents, and significantly if the children also smoke. (MA)

Science News, 1978

1978-01-01

213

Censorship and Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments over censorship of books for young reveals conflict in current social attitudes toward childhood and children. Relative peace prevailed in field of children's literature from 1900 until 1965 when groups began to see social and political implications of children's books. Changes in literature content promise continuing conflict in 1980s.…

MacLeod, Anne Scott

1983-01-01

214

Counseling with Exceptional Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

2004-01-01

215

DETROIT CHILDREN'S HEALTH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Detroit Children's Health Study will consist of health questionnaires for 15,000 children enrolled in the fourth- and fifth-grades of selected elementary schools, and measurements of lung function and exhaled breath in a subset of 3,500 of these children. Participation in bo...

216

Legacy for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than 15 million children in the United States are currently living in poverty and the number is increasing. Children living in poverty are at significantly higher risk for poor health and development. Parents play a critical role in their children's ...

2011-01-01

217

Social Policies for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that successful social policies for children are critical to our nation's future, this book discusses the status of children in America and suggests that the nation's current policies may not be serving them well. Proposals for seven new social policies are discussed that deal with the following domains affecting children from birth…

Garfinkel, Irwin, Ed.; And Others

218

Children Talking about Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to demonstrate how quality literature can engage children in reflective thinking about stories, themselves, and the world, this book suggests children's literature worthy of discussion, shows how interactions work, and encourages adults to bond with children. The book begins with a chapter on how to use the book and a chapter on the…

Borders, Sarah G.; Naylor, Alice Phoebe

219

Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first federal Internet privacy law (the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act) provides safeguards for children by regulating collection of their personal information. Unfortunately, teens are not protected. Legislation is pending to protect children from online marketers such as ZapMe! Interactive technologies require constant vigilance.…

Aidman, Amy

2000-01-01

220

Measuring Hope in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many times, I have heard people say something akin to the idea that hope is our children's chance for a better future. Appealing as this sentiment may be, however, very little psychological theory and research has addressed the topic of children's hope. The only related research has been that by Kazdin and his colleagues (1983), who described children's hopelessness in

C. R. Snyder

221

Children's Rights: Monitoring Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A number of research seminars were organized to clarify the fundamental principles underlying local, regional, and international efforts to establish a structure for monitoring and promoting children's rights. This book contains papers presented at these seminars by experts on child advocacy, promotion of children's interests by children, and…

Verhellen, Eugeen, Ed.; Spiesschaert, Frans, Ed.

222

Children and the Nintendo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four reports contained in this document examine the effects of the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), which entered the lives of many children in the United States in 1986. The first report discusses a study of children's interaction with the game hardware. The study of fourth- and fifth-grade students indicated that children's interaction…

Keller, Suzanne M.

223

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is defined as a non-traumatic mediastinal air leak in patients without underlying lung disease. In children it is rarely diagnosed but is likely to be often missed. We have made a comprehensive review of the literature on spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children. The aetiopathogenesis, incidence, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment are discussed. We suggest that spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children

F. G. A. Versteegh; I. A. J. M. Broeders

1991-01-01

224

Children's Understanding of Rivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence from several media illustrates the ways children attempt to fit their observations into their own, known constructs. The contrast is drawn between adult concepts and children's misconceptions and the argument made that children would have more control over their learning with a "bottom-up" approach to teaching rather than the top down…

Mackintosh, Margaret

2005-01-01

225

Balancing Priorities for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion focuses on teachers' beliefs and values as they relate to working with young children. Specific attention is given to (1) whether the reported blurring of the boundaries between child-life and adult-life has affected the education of young children; (2) parental pressure to provide very young children with persistently optimal…

Balaban, Nancy

226

Developing a Children's Choir Concert.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores how choir directors choose the music repertoire for a concert. Offers six criteria (text, singability, form, part-writing, accompaniment, and instructional implications) when evaluating a piece for use with children. Discusses the process of developing the concert. Includes sources for listings of children's choir octavos and sample…

Broeker, Angela

2000-01-01

227

KIDMONEY: Children as Big Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how marketers are targeting children as a consumer segment. Highlights include advertising budgets and media, how children spend their money, the more influential role of the child in the family, in-school marketing, controversial advertising on Channel One, marketing on the Internet, and parental control. (AEF)|

Reese, Shelly

1996-01-01

228

Children's and Young Adult Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yolith Omnibus Bill passed during he WHLIS in July 1991, includes oprovisions for six separate grants for children's, school, and young adult services in libraries. Funding cuts have made developing alternate sources of revenue vital for the survival of existing librarv services and the develooment of new ones. Are children's and young adult librarians trained in writing grant proposals?

Patricia J. Davis

1994-01-01

229

PREVENTING LEAD POISONING IN CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lead poisoning is the most significant and prevalent disease of environmental origin among US children. Despite over 100 years' knowledge of the special hazards of lead exposure for young children, it has taken over a century for ef- fective primary prevention to be adopted. Obstacles to primary prevention have included deliberate campaigns by industry to prevent restrictions upon such uses

Ellen K. Silbergeld

1997-01-01

230

Cancer pain management in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Health Organization document Cancer Pain Relief and Palliative Care in Children (WHO, 1998) advocates the global application of the principles of pain management and palliative care for children with cancer. The principles of pain management include the application of the WHO analgesic ladder, appropriate opioid dose escalation, the use of adjuvant analgesics, and the use of non-pharmacological methods

John J. Collins

2001-01-01

231

Children in the States, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the Children's Defense Fund lists statistics on child and youth well-being for each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) children participating in federally subsidized programs (including Title 1 Education for the Disadvantaged, bilingual education programs,…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

232

Children in the States, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book provides statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) national rankings in population and family characteristics; (2) health and disabilities (including children lacking health…

Andrejack, Kate, Comp.; Judge, Amy, Comp.; Simons, Janet, Comp.

233

Framing children's film viewing practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conceptual framework for analysing children's visual literacy practices will be described and illustrated. The concept of visual literacy that the framework expresses encompasses a range of levels of engagement from literal to critical, and includes the notion of appreciation. The framework has the potential to help teachers to acknowledge children's out-of-school learning about films and to be more informed

Brian Finch

234

Are We Drugging Our Children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) a common diagnosis among school-aged children. Yet, many parents continue to express concern when discussing treatment options available for their children. This psychotropic update overviews several new medications available for proper treatment of ADHD. Medications discussed include Ritalin, Concerta, and Adderall

Robert Scholtes

2002-01-01

235

Children in the States, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This data book provides statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (including number of children under age 18 and age 5, percentage of population under age…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

236

KIDMONEY: Children as Big Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how marketers are targeting children as a consumer segment. Highlights include advertising budgets and media, how children spend their money, the more influential role of the child in the family, in-school marketing, controversial advertising on Channel One, marketing on the Internet, and parental control. (AEF)

Reese, Shelly

1996-01-01

237

Concurrent Assay for Four Bacterial Species Including Alloiococcus Otitidis in Middle Ear, Nasopharynx and Tonsils of Children with Otitis Media with Effusion: A Preliminary Report  

PubMed Central

Objectives To detect the prevalences of Alloiococcus otitidis, as well as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in children with chronic otitis media with effusion (OME) and to simultaneously investigate the colonization of these bacteria in the nasopharynx and palatine tonsils of these patients. Methods The study included 34 pediatric patients with OME, and 15 controls without OME. In the study group, A. otitidis, H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, and M. catarrhalis were investigated in the samples obtained from middle ear effusions (MEE), nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) and tonsillar swabs (TS), using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and conventional culture methods. Only the samples obtained from NPS and TS were studied with the same techniques in the control group. Results A. otitidis was isolated only in MEE and only with multiplex PCR method. A. otitidis, S. pneumoniae, M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae were identified in 35%, 8.8%, 8.8%, and 2.9%, respectively, in 34 MEE. A. otitidis was not isolated in NPS or TS of the study and the control groups. Conclusion The prevalence of A.otitidis is high in children with OME and A.otitidis doesn't colonize in the nasopharynx or tonsil.

Tastan, Eren; Yucel, Mihriban; Aydogan, Filiz; Karakoc, Esra; Arslan, Necmi; Kantekin, Yunus; Demirci, Munir

2012-01-01

238

Predictors of children’s prosocial lie-telling: Motivation, socialization variables, and moral understanding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children tell prosocial lies for self- and other-oriented reasons. However, it is unclear how motivational and socialization factors affect their lying. Furthermore, it is unclear whether children’s moral understanding and evaluations of prosocial lie scenarios (including perceptions of vignette characters’ feelings) predict their actual prosocial behaviors. These were explored in two studies. In Study 1, 72 children (36 second graders

Mina Popliger; Victoria Talwar; Angela Crossman

2011-01-01

239

Intersections of spirituality, religion and gender in children’s literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the intersections of spirituality, religion and gender in contemporary children’s books published in the United States. Background for the discussion includes a history of religion in children’s literature and the history of women’s roles in the Christian tradition. Representative works of realistic fiction – historical and contemporary – and one work of science fiction are discussed.

Ann M. Trousdale

2005-01-01

240

The effect of children’s gender and parental education on toddler language development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have demonstrated that children’s gender and parental education exert a significant, but not equal, effect on toddler language development at different ages. This study determined the effect of children’s gender and parental education on the verbal competence of toddlers between 16 and 30 months. The sample included 953 Slovenian toddlers (approximately half boys and half girls) whose parents

Ljubica Marjanovi? Umek; Urška Fekonja; Simona Kranjc; Katja Bajc

2008-01-01

241

Children & Books 1: African American Story Books and Activities for All Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since young children in general can benefit by experiencing literature in which African-American children are the central figures, this book presents 86 selected children's story books featuring African-Americans as main characters and provides extension activities to involve children actively with the books. The books included were written or…

Moll, Patricia Buerke

242

Raising Our Voices for Children. Association for Children of New Jersey Annual Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through research and policy advocacy, the Association for Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) works to change state policies and improve programs for children, and advocates to bring together many more voices on behalf of children. The annual report reviews 2006 accomplishments, including: (1) More state funding for preschool ensure that more children

Association for Children of New Jersey, 2006

2006-01-01

243

Children of Conflict  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by BBC Worldservice with the assistance of the UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) and the Human Rights Fund of the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, this site features the harrowing tales of children caught in war zones across the world, told in their own words. Divided into sections which explore the different experiences of the children of conflict (child soldiers, wounded children, lost children, child-headed households, child workers), the site offers brief explanatory notes, numerous quotes, RealAudio selections in a variety of languages, transcripts, and letters from children. Links are provided throughout the site to sources for more information.

244

Factors that Influence Children’s Responses to Peer Victimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s responses to peer victimization are associated with whether the victimization continues, and its impact on adjustment.\\u000a Yet little longitudinal research has examined the factors influencing children’s responses to peer victimization. In a sample\\u000a of 140 late elementary school children (n = 140, Mean age = 10 years, 2 months, 55% female, 60% Caucasian), the role of social, emotional, and cognitive factors on\\u000a children’s responses to

Andrew M. Terranova

2009-01-01

245

Children's "euthanasia" in Nazi Germany.  

PubMed

Children with disabilities were killed during the Nazi era, often by nurses. Some nurses killed children, saying that they were under orders. Propaganda about the need for "racial purity" was all pervasive and influenced much of the population, including nurses. The German people accepted the "mercy" killing of children with disabilities. We describe the children's "euthanasia" program, explore the influence of propaganda, ask why it was acceptable to kill children, and provide historical context demonstrating "slippery slopes" which can lead to abrogation of ethical principles. Discussion of such history is essential as the ethical principles which were breached are still the cornerstone of nursing practice today. Only by openly discussing past wrongs can we attempt to ensure that they do not happen again. Archival documents from Germany and Israel, including trial depositions and transcripts, provided material, supplemented by secondary classic sources. PMID:19931148

Benedict, Susan; Shields, Linda; O'Donnell, Alison J

2009-03-13

246

Alternative energy activities for young children  

SciTech Connect

Several successful alternative energy activities for children 5 to 10 years old are presented in this paper. Responses of the children are documented and three of their poster drawings for an evening presentation to the parents are included.

Blair, J.

1981-01-01

247

Children's Concepts of Identity: A New Method.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new technique for testing childrens' concepts of subjective identity was tested. This involved asking children the consequences of various body part transplants, including the brain, to a person's identity. Results indicate that during the school years ...

C. N. Johnson

1981-01-01

248

The Expressive Vocabulary of Preschool Deaf Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From the individual expressive vocabularies of 19 preschool deaf children a composite vocabulary list of 493 words was assembled to include all words and expressions used by two or more children. (Author/MC)|

Griswold, L. Earl; Commings, Janet

1974-01-01

249

The Social Cognitions of Socially Withdrawn Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the social cognitions of peer-identified socially withdrawn children. Participants included 457 children from grades four, five and six (54% females, 46% males). Children completed a selection of self- and peer-report measures including: (1) peer-rated behavioral nominations; (2) hostile intent biases and…

Wichmann, Cherami; Coplan, Robert J.; Daniels, Tina

2004-01-01

250

Children’s Depression Inventory in Estonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of study was to estimate the score of symptoms of depression with the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) among\\u000a Estonian schoolchildren aged 7–13-year-old, according to age and gender differences, and to identify the components in factor\\u000a analysis characterising self-reported childhood symptoms of depression. The applicability of the CDI in 7-year-old children\\u000a was also estimated. The number of subjects in

Algi Samm; Airi Värnik; Liina-Mai Tooding; Merike Sisask; Kairi Kõlves; Anne-Liis von Knorring

2008-01-01

251

Temperament and Happiness in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between temperament and happiness was assessed in 311 children aged 9–12. Parents rated their children’s temperament\\u000a using the Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability Temperament Survey (EAS) and rated their children’s happiness. Children\\u000a rated their own temperament using the EAS and the Piers–Harris Self Concept Scale for Children Second Edition, and they rated\\u000a their own happiness using a single-item measure,

Mark D. Holder; Andrea Klassen

2010-01-01

252

Why Do Cocks Crow? Children’s Concepts About Birds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into children’s ideas showed that children’s interpretations of natural phenomena often differ from those of scientists.\\u000a The aim of our study was to identify children’s ideas of various age classes (7\\/8–14\\/15) about birds. A questionnaire with\\u000a 31 multiple choice and open ended questions and eight photographs were administered to 495 children from 10 elementary schools\\u000a in Slovakia. Children’s ideas

Pavol Prokop; Milan Kubiatko; Jana Fancovicová

2007-01-01

253

Children with health issues.  

PubMed

All children, even the healthiest, have preventive and acute health care needs. Moreover, a growing number of children are chronically ill, with preventive, acute, and ongoing care needs that may be much more demanding than those for healthy children. Because children are unable to care for themselves, their parents are expected to provide a range of health care services without which the current health care system for children would not function. Under this "shadow health care system," parents or parent surrogates often need to be with the child, a requirement that can create difficulties for working parents, particularly for those whose children are chronically ill. How federal, state, and employer policies and practices mesh with the child health care needs of families is therefore a central issue in any discussion about work and family balance. In this article Mark Schuster, Paul Chung, and Katherine Vestal describe the health care needs of children; the essential health care responsibilities of parents; the perspective of employers; and the existing network of federal, state, and local family leave benefits that employed parents can access. They also identify current gaps in policies that leave unmet the needs of both parents and their employers. The authors suggest the outlines of a national family leave policy that would protect the interests of parents and employers. In essence, such a policy would build on the federal Family and Medical Leave Act, which gives some workers time off with no advance notice required and no loss of job or health insurance. But it would also include elements of California's Paid Family Leave Insurance, which expands coverage to more workers and provides partial pay during leave. Employers could be given some financial protections as well as protections against employee fraud and abuse. Such a policy, the authors conclude, would help to provide security to parents, minimize effects on employers, raise societal expectations for family-friendly work environments, and help maintain the parental shadow system of care on which health care professionals depend. PMID:22013630

Schuster, Mark A; Chung, Paul J; Vestal, Katherine D

2011-01-01

254

NURTURING CHILDREN'S BIOPHILIA: DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION FOR YOUNG CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way children learn is completely different than adults. To be effective, children's environmental education needs to be designed to match children's developmental needs, interests, abilities and learning styles. Young children are active learners. Their best learning occurs with hands-on, interactive play and discovery rather than on trying to impart knowledge. Young children have a natural curiosity that requires direct

Randy White; Vicki L. Stoecklin

255

Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a project called "Kids Speaking Up for Kids: Advocacy by Children, for Children". The project was simple in scope. The authors sought to collect stories of child advocacy--ways in which children were working on behalf of other children. They also sought to collect and profile children's voices and vision and so they issued…

Zygmunt-Fillwalk, Eva; Staley, Lynn; Kumar, Rashmi; Lin, Cecilia Lingfen; Moore, Catherine; Salakaya, Manana; Szecsi, Tunde

2007-01-01

256

Children's Views of Children's Nursing at Home and in Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's nursing was separated form the nursing care of adults in the late nineteenth century. From 1852 onwards hospital and home care for children developed in cities across England. The development of children's nursing can be seen to reflect the political position of children as a neglected minority in the family of nursing. The t heoretical basis of children's nursing

Duncan Randall

257

Exploring insideness in urban children’s sense of place  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, informed by phenomenology and ethnography, explores urban children’s relationship with their urban environment: In what ways do urban children exhibit “insideness” in their sense of place? This study proposes “insideness” as a conceptual construct to understand urban children’s sense of place in its ecological and dynamic nature. Employing qualitative research methods, the study explores place stories of urban

Miyoun Lim; Angela Calabrese Barton

2010-01-01

258

The Children's Depression Inventory: A Systematic Evaluation of Psychometric Properties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents data from studies designed to determine the psychometric properties of the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Subjects included 294 school children and 269 children who were psychiatric inpatients. Results showed the CDI can distinguish children with emotional distress from normal school children. (BH)|

Saylor, Conway Fleming; And Others

1984-01-01

259

The Effect of Placement Instability on Adopted Children’s Inhibitory Control Abilities and Oppositional Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed relations among placement instability, inhibitory control, and caregiver-rated child behavior. The sample included 33 adopted children who had experienced placement instability, 42 adopted children who had experienced 1 stable placement, and 27 children never placed in foster care. Five- and 6-year-old children completed the day–night task, which requires children to inhibit a prepotent response, and a control

Erin E. Lewis; Mary Dozier; John Ackerman; Sandra Sepulveda-Kozakowski

2007-01-01

260

Children’s storytelling: the effect of preschool and family environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling reflects children’s pragmatic language ability, which develops rapidly in early childhood and is related to various characteristics of the child’s environment. This study examines the effect of preschool, maternal education and quality of the home environment on children’s storytelling skills. The sample included 229 Slovenian children, approximately six?years?old, who were attending first grade at the time of the assessment.

Simona Kranjc

2010-01-01

261

Development of children’s assent documents using a child-centred approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for researchers to obtain children’s informed assent, prior to their participation in medical procedures and research, has increased over recent years and parallels moves to implement child-centred approaches to health care. This article describes the processes used to include children in developing a research information sheet and assent form for use in future research into children’s understandings of

Karen Ford; Judy Sankey; Jackie Crisp

2007-01-01

262

Children’s Orthopaedics in the Tropics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, an epidemiological and clinical survey of children’s orthopaedics and trauma, as these relate to countries\\u000a in the tropics, is presented. While there is a similarity with the majority of diseases encountered in the developed countries,\\u000a there are certain defining characteristics in the incidence, the pattern, the severity or otherwise, and in the clinical presentation\\u000a of many of

Sharaf B. Ibrahim; Abdul-Hamid Abdul-Kadir

263

Oceans and Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reviews children's books on ocean topics, providing a brief synopsis and commentary on photos, diagrams, charts, as well as text. Recommends appropriate grade and reading levels, suggests how to use the books in the classroom, order of presentation to best stimulate questions and provide answers, suggests activities that prep for or follow-up books. Includes publisher, publication date, and ISBN, and links where books are available.

264

Transcranial Doppler in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transcranial Doppler US, a non-invasive tool for evaluating the cerebral arteries, has evolved significantly during the last\\u000a two decades. This review describes the practical procedure, and summarises and illustrates its established and “work-in-progress”\\u000a indications in children. Indications for a transcranial Doppler US examination include, but are not limited to: (1) evaluation\\u000a of cerebral blood flow velocities in the circle of

Suzanne Verlhac

2011-01-01

265

Key Facts about Children in Utah. Children and Families at Risk: A Status Report of Our Children, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Utah KIDS COUNT program provides information about child well-being to enhance discussions on securing better futures for children. Indicators of children's quality of life are chosen to reflect a range of influences on children, conditions across developmental stages, and comparisons across time. Ten indicators examined included: (1) low…

Utah Children, Salt Lake City.

266

Head injury in children.  

PubMed

Nowadays, head injuries are becoming more frequent in children. The most common cause of head injuries in children is fall, and, in more severe injuries, traffic accident trauma. In traumatic brain injuries in infants and small children, the most common symptoms are paleness, somnolence and vomiting, the so called "pediatric contusion syndrome". After the first year of age, light head trauma occurs after minor falls, whereas the most severe injuries are caused by car accidents, including pedestrians, or fall from the height. As the child grows, severe head trauma is more likely to occur after bicycle or car accidents. Brain injuries involving or penetrating the brain by broken bone fragments include contusions and lacerations of the brain. Unconsciousness need not always occur during contusion, as it may also appear after swelling of the brain or high intracranial pressure complications. Despite comprehensive injuries in such types of accidents, the outcome of survivors is surprisingly good. Such severe neurocranium injuries usually include heavy bleeding with hematoma (epidural bleeding, subdural bleeding, intracerebral bleeding, and traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage). Improved prehospital care, readiness and accessibility of multidisciplinary teams, establishment of regional centers, and efforts to prevent and decrease traffic accidents contribute to mortality rate reduction. PMID:22649884

Mihi?, Josip; Rotim, Kresimir; Marciki?, Marcel; Smiljani?, Danko

2011-12-01

267

Foster Care for Children (California).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a transcript of hearings before the California Resources Committee on the need for legislation establishing state program standards and rates for children in foster care. The testimony includes information on improving the present system in ...

1978-01-01

268

Teaching Resilience to Maltreated Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a number of strategies and social-emotional interventions for use with maltreated children. These include: structure to increase feelings of safety and security, positive behavior management techniques, and methods that foster social and emotional resiliency. (Author)|

Lowenthal, Barbara

2001-01-01

269

Parenting the Internet: Resources for Parents and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents general statistical findings of Internet use by children, discusses the recent Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), and summarizes online child safety considerations. Considers filtering and includes current resources for parents and children. (Author/LRW)|

Bushong, Sara

2002-01-01

270

Dietary Levels for Tri-City Elementary School Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program investigates dietary pathways affecting school-age children. Primarily elementary school children are approached with this study, including ages 6 through 12. A much smaller number of children aged 13 and 14 have also been contacted. The rese...

J. K. Soldat J. F. Honstead

1968-01-01

271

Parenting the Internet: Resources for Parents and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents general statistical findings of Internet use by children, discusses the recent Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), and summarizes online child safety considerations. Considers filtering and includes current resources for parents and children. (Author/LRW)

Bushong, Sara

2002-01-01

272

Risk Factors for Obesity and High Blood Pressure in Chinese American Children: Maternal Acculturation and Children’s Food Choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to explore risk factors associated with overweight and high blood pressure in Chinese American\\u000a children. Students and their parents were recruited from Chinese language schools in the San Francisco Bay Area. Data were\\u000a collected on 67 children and their mothers, and included children’s weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure,\\u000a level of physical

Jyu-Lin Chen; Sandra Weiss; Melvin B. Heyman; Robert Lustig

2011-01-01

273

Parents' and Children's Friendship Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents are considered as more or less supportive for children's friendships. In this study, it is investigated whether parents' own friendships can facilitate children's friendships and enrich children's cognitions about friendships. Data were collected on children's peer relationships and children's concepts of friendship (N = 116; 52 girls and 64 boys; 7 to 12 years old). Corresponding data on parental

HARALD UHLENDORFF

2000-01-01

274

Social Information Processing in Elementary-School Aged Children with ADHD: Medication Effects and Comparisons with Typical Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined social information processing (SIP) in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD and in controls. Participants were 75 children (56 boys, 19 girls) aged 6-12 years, including 41 children with ADHD and 34 controls. Children were randomized into medication conditions such that 20 children with ADHD participated after receiving placebo…

King, Sara; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Frankland, Bradley W.; Andrade, Brendan F.; Jacques, Sophie; Corkum, Penny V.

2009-01-01

275

Children's understanding of reputations.  

PubMed

In the present study, the authors investigated age differences in children's understanding (a) that a person's behavior may contribute to the formation of a shared opinion within the peer group and (b) that origins of a reputation can be direct or indirect. The authors read stories in which a target character engaged in either prosocial or antisocial interactions with peers to children in kindergarten, 2nd, and 4th grade. They then asked the children to judge how various peers viewed the target character. Children's explanations indicated that children in all of those age groups understood that firsthand experience influenced peers' opinions, and by 2nd grade, children understood that indirect experience or gossip also might have contributed to an individual's reputation. PMID:16910207

Hill, Valerie; Pillow, Bradford H

2006-06-01

276

Children with hepatitis C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C affects thousands of children throughout the world. Most children acquire the virus through vertical transmission,\\u000a although parenteral routes of acquisition are also common. Hepatitis C progresses slowly, with mild biopsy findings and no\\u000a symptoms in most children and in many adults. However, significant liver inflammation and fibrosis can occur in childhood.\\u000a Trials of antiviral therapy with interferon and

Girish Subba Rao; Jean Pappas Molleston

2005-01-01

277

Evaluation of vertiginous children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our objective was to evaluate, using a structured approach method, the history and findings in vertiginous children as compared\\u000a with a group of healthy children. We evaluated 24 vertiginous children (15 girls, 9 boys) with episodes of true vertigo of\\u000a unknown etiology and 12 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. A detailed medical history was obtained using a structured\\u000a approach technique.

Riina Niemensivu; Erna Kentala; Sylvette Wiener-Vacher; Ilmari Pyykkö

2007-01-01

278

Children and media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looks at recent research into children’s media consumption, highlights the importance of media literacy, and reports on an industry-related media education programme; the research is tending to show that children are deciding what and when they watch television and other media. Develops, on the basis of these findings, a model of self-supervised media engagement which is characterised by a lack

Sachiko Muto

2004-01-01

279

Pacing in children  

PubMed Central

The implantation of cardiac pacing devices in children and young adults can be challenging and different from the adult population due to their smaller size, their longer life expectancy, and anatomical variations associated with congenital heart defects. A knowledge of indications, pacing leads and devices, anatomical variations, and the technical skills are important for those who implant and care for children with pacemakers. In this review we attempt to discuss these specific points of cardiac pacing in children and young adults.

Singh, Harinder R; Batra, Anjan S; Balaji, Seshadri

2013-01-01

280

Eyewitness identification of children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have shown that young witnesses often guess when presented with a target-absent lineup. Three experiments were conducted with kindergarten children (5-year-olds) to investigate this tendency. After viewing a slide show of a staged theft, children were interviewed to assess their memory for the event and asked to identify the perpertrator. Children made false positive identification errors when viewing

Carole R. Beal; Kelly L. Schmitt; Dawn J. Dekle

1995-01-01

281

Young Children in Poverty: A Statistical Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides statistical information about young children and their families living in poverty. It includes the following data: (1) from 1987 to 1992, the number of poor children under age 6 rose from 5 to 6 million; (2) from 1972 through 1992, the poverty rates have increased dramatically for children under age 6; (3) in 1992, 55 percent…

Li, Jiali; Bennett, Neil

282

Administration for Children and Families: Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the Head Start program. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act), $1 billion will be provided to the Office of Head Start to promote the school readiness of low-income children, including children on federally-recognized reservations and children of migratory farm workers, by enhancing…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2010

2010-01-01

283

Tense marking in children with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent large-scale study identified a subgroup of children with autism who had a language profile similar to that found among children with specific language impairment (SLI), including difficulties with nonsense word repetition, an ability that has been implicated as one clinical marker for SLI. A second clinical marker for English-speaking children with SLI is high rates of omission of

JENNY A. ROBERTS; MABEL L. RICE

2004-01-01

284

Trends in Software for Children under Six  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a discussion of the past, present, and future of children's interactive media. Here, lead author Warren Buckleitner, the editor of "Children's Software Revue" shares some of his book's findings, and answers a few questions pertaining to the current state of children's software. These include the following: (1) What is the…

Buckleitner, Warren; Kalinowski, Michael

2005-01-01

285

Family Structure and Children's Psychosocial Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the influence of family structure on children's short-term psychosocial behavioral outcomes, including emotional disorder, conduct disorder, and prosocial behavior. The analysis uses five waves of data (1994-2003) from Canada's National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth to model how living in a cohabitational household (two biological parents) and how experiencing cohabitation dissolution influence children's behaviors, comparing these

Zheng Wu; Feng Hou; Christoph M. Schimmele

2008-01-01

286

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

287

Children's Witnessing of Adult Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social service professionals are more frequently identifying children who witness adult domestic violence as victims of that abuse. This article expands common definitions of how children witness adult domestic violence. A total of 31 research articles that met established quality criteria were included in this review. A variety of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-functioning problems among children were found to be

JEFFREY L. EDLESON

1999-01-01

288

Metamemory development in preschool children with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aspect of metacognition, metamemory (knowledge and awareness of one's memory) was investigated across time in preschool children with ADHD (n = 31) and a sample of age, sex, socioeconomic and IQ-matched typically developing children (n = 31). Only children with stable ADHD diagnoses were included. Participants were assessed on a variety of cognitive and parent report measures. Longitudinal results

Kevin M. Antshel; Robert Nastasi

2008-01-01

289

Young Children in Poverty: A Statistical Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides statistical information about young children and their families living in poverty. It includes the following data: (1) from 1987 to 1992, the number of poor children under age 6 rose from 5 to 6 million; (2) from 1972 through 1992, the poverty rates have increased dramatically for children under age 6; (3) in 1992, 55 percent…

Li, Jiali; Bennett, Neil

290

Children's perceptions of advertisements for cigarettes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groups of children aged between 6 and 16 years discussed a series of advertisements, including those for cigarettes. Clear patterns emerged in their recognition of cigarette brand imagery. For example, in response to an advertisement for holidays which also presents the brand imagery of John Player Special cigarettes, 22% of primary school children and 91% of secondary school children said

P. P. Aitken; D. S. Leathar; F. J. OHagan

1985-01-01

291

Metamemory Development in Preschool Children with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An aspect of metacognition, metamemory (knowledge and awareness of one's memory) was investigated across time in preschool children with ADHD (n = 31) and a sample of age, sex, socioeconomic and IQ-matched typically developing children (n = 31). Only children with stable ADHD diagnoses were included. Participants were assessed on a variety of…

Antshel, Kevin M.; Nastasi, Robert

2008-01-01

292

Echoic Response Inventory for Children (ERIC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Echoic Response Inventory for Children (ERIC) is part of a test battery which includes the Expressive Vocabulary Inventory (EVI) and the Children's Auditory Discrimination Inventory (CADI), designed to assess language skills of disadvantaged children. These tests also seek to provide data that can help determine what changes in language…

Stern, Carolyn

293

Children in the States Data Book, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book from the Children's Defense Fund includes statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (number of children under age 18 and age 6, number of…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

294

Concerned Parents Speak Out On Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research investigated parents' opinions about children's television (TV). Questionnaire respondents were mainly parents of children ages 2-6; mothers outnumbered fathers 9:1. Results included the findings that children watched TV an average of three hours a day; this varied little throughout the country and between those viewing Public…

Barcus, F. Earle

295

Creating partnerships with working children and youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

If children do not have voice, they cannot be heard. And, if we are to fully understand child labor, working children and youth should speak out on their situation. While in recent years this observation (that it is necessary to include the perspective of working children and youth as well as that of their families) is increasingly accepted, the mechanisms

Per Miljeteig; Zafiris Tzannatos

2000-01-01

296

Screen Media and Young Children: Who Benefits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the airing of Sesame Street in 1985, television produced for children has expanded to more television shows and educational media that includes videos, DVDs, and computer products. Viewing screen media is pervasive in the environments of young children, and companies are designing products for our youngest viewers—infants and toddlers. The educational benefits for children, parents, teachers, and music teachers

Audrey Berger Cardany

2010-01-01

297

Favorite activities for deaf-blind children  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known to be very difficult for congenital deaf-blind children to acquire suitable communication methods and concepts of things and events, thus to construct human relationships. We conducted a survey to find clues to assist early deaf-blind children and here we report interesting findings. Activities that attract the children surveyed included plays in the water, such as water bathing,

Emi Kono; Koichi Oda

2005-01-01

298

Drooling in children  

PubMed Central

Although drooling may occur in healthy children under two years of age, it is commonly observed in neurologically impaired children and carries a considerable social stigma. Drooling can be socially embarrassing, and at times may cause serious medical complications. Drooling may result from the hypersecretion of saliva or, more commonly, the impairment of swallowing. Most of the causes of drooling can be diagnosed from a history and physical examination of the patient. Laboratory investigations are usually unnecessary. Treatment should be directed at the underlying cause whenever possible. No active management is necessary for patients who have little functional and psychological impairment from their objectively mild or intermittent drooling. Treatment options for moderate and severe drooling include physiotherapy, behavioural or biofeedback modification, pharmacotherapy and surgery.

Leung, Alexander KC; Kao, C Pion

1999-01-01

299

Rural children at risk.  

PubMed

The Family Life Project (FLP) is the most ambitious study ever launched to chart the course of social, emotional, and cognitive development of young, rural children-beginning at birth. The present monograph describes important findings from the research through three years of age. This commentary addresses several issues raised by the authors including the need for more rural research on child development, the representativeness of the study population and retention rates, methods for measuring socioeconomic disadvantage, the implications of the findings for theoretical models of socioeconomic influences on families and children, and the guidance the current findings provide for future research, social policy, and preventive interventions. I especially emphasize the extreme poverty and disadvantage of the African American families in the study. PMID:24147444

Conger, Rand D

2013-10-01

300

Public policy issues in children’s advertising and programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the growing pressure in the UK to establish a more restrictive regime in children’s advertising; much of this pressure comes from Sweden. Links this vehement opposition to children’s TV advertising to distrust of both advertising and television, and compares BBC and commercial programming. Points to the growth of merchandising in children’s programming, and to the high revenues obtainable from

Lionel Stanbrook

2002-01-01

301

Children’s Peer Victimization, Empathy, and Emotional Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the concurrent and longitudinal relations among children’s peer victimization, empathy, and emotional\\u000a symptoms. The sample consisted of 175 children (85 girls, mean age = 6.1 years) recruited from kindergartens in Switzerland\\u000a and followed for 1 year (Time 2). Parents and teachers reported on the children’s emotional symptoms, empathy, and victimization.\\u000a Children reported their empathy and victimization experiences. Peer victimization was a

Tina Malti; Sonja Perren; Marlis Buchmann

2010-01-01

302

Advertising literacy and children’s susceptibility to advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation covers two areas of research that expand our knowledge on children’s advertising literacy (i.e., advertising-related knowledge). The first part addresses the development of children’s advertising literacy into adult-like levels. The second part focuses on the role of advertising literacy in reducing children’s susceptibility to advertising effects. In doing so, this dissertation not only deepens the existing theoretical and

E. Rozendaal

2011-01-01

303

Does maternal employment influence poor children’s social development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various initiatives over the past 40 years have aimed to strengthen children’s early learning and social development. One policy theory—manifest in recent welfare reforms—postulates that requiring single mothers to work more outside the home will advance children’s well-being. We first examine whether young children’s social development is related to maternal employment among 405 women who entered welfare-to-work programs in 1998.

Bruce Fuller; Gretchen Caspary; Sharon Lynn Kagan; Christiane Gauthier; Danny Shih-Cheng Huang; Judith Carroll; Jan McCarthy

2002-01-01

304

Intussusception - children  

MedlinePLUS

... first sign of intussusception is usually sudden, loud crying caused by abdominal pain . The pain is colicky ... may draw the knees to the chest while crying. Other symptoms include: Bloody, mucus-like bowel movement, ...

305

Guidelines for Children's Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents American's with Disabilities Act guidelines for building school toilet facilities that serve children with disabilities. Several dimension charts are provided showing min/max measurements. (GR)

Gettelman, Alan

1999-01-01

306

Impulsivity in overweight children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This study investigates whether or not obese children have a stronger tendency to act on impulse than normal weight children,\\u000a taking into account the multidimensionality and complexity of the impulsivity construct.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A performance based test (Matching Familiar Figure Test, MFFT), a child interview and questionnaire, and parental reports\\u000a were obtained from 56 overweight children and 53 normal weight children aged

Caroline Braet; Line Claus; Sandra Verbeken; Leen Van Vlierberghe

2007-01-01

307

Giving Medication to Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Updates Section Contents Menu Consumer Updates Animal & Veterinary Children's Health Cosmetics Dietary Supplements Drugs Food Medical Devices Nutrition Radiation-Emitting Products Tobacco Products ...

308

Pott's disease in children  

PubMed Central

Background: The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing, and skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 10-20% of all extrapulmonary cases. Spinal tuberculosis occurs mostly in children and young adults. It causes bone destruction, spinal deformity and neural complications. Materials and Methods: Our study includes 37 children (below 15 years of age) with spinal tuberculosis treated in our department in the last 6 years. The demographic data, clinical profile, surgical intervention and outcome of these children are reported. Results: The mean age ranged from 4 to 15 years, with an average of 9.1 years, and the male/female ratio was 1.8. Thirty patients (81%) had progressive inflammatory rachialgia and only six patients (16.2%) had neurological symptoms. The lumbar spine was mostly affected (23 cases). All patients have benefited from antituberculous chemotherapy (Regimen 2SRHZ/10RH) associated with spinal immobilization during 3 months. The surgical treatment was indicated in seven patients because of the presence of large bilateral abscess of the psoas muscle in one patient and the presence of severe neurological symptoms in the six remaining patients. The evolution was favorable in all cases, including those with neurological symptoms. There was no case of death and the length of follow-up for these patients ranged between 1 and 4 years. Conclusion: Spinal tuberculosis is still a prevalent disease in developing countries, mainly occurring in children. Complications of the disease can be devastating because of its ability to cause bone destruction, spinal deformity and paraplegia. Therefore, an early diagnosis and establishment of treatment are necessary to expect a good outcome.

Benzagmout, Mohammed; Boujraf, Said; Chakour, Khalid; Chaoui, Mohammed El Faiz

2011-01-01

309

Children's media policy.  

PubMed

Amy Jordan addresses the need to balance the media industry's potentially important contributions to the healthy development of America's children against the consequences of excessive and age-inappropriate media exposure. Much of the philosophical tension regarding how much say the government should have about media content and delivery stems from the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment protection against government interference in free speech, including commercial speech. Courts, Jordan says, have repeatedly had to weigh the rights of commercial entities to say what they please against the need to protect vulnerable citizens such as children. This balancing act is complicated even further, she says, because many government regulations apply only to broadcast television and not to non-broadcast media such as the Internet or cable television, though Congress has addressed the need to protect children's privacy online. The need to protect both free speech and children has given rise to a fluid media policy mix of federal mandates and industry self-regulation. Jordan describes the role of the three branches of the federal government in formulating and implementing media policy. She also notes the jockeying for influence in policymaking by industry lobbies, child advocacy groups, and academic researchers. The media industry itself, says Jordan, is spurred to self-regulation when public disapproval grows severe enough to raise the possibility of new government action. Jordan surveys a range of government and industry actions, from legislatively required parental monitoring tools, such as the V-Chip blocking device on television sets, to the voluntary industry ratings systems governing television, movies, and video games, to voluntary social website disclosures to outright government bans, such as indecency and child privacy information collection. She considers the success of these efforts in limiting children's exposure to damaging content and in improving parents' ability to supervise their children's media use. Jordan concludes by considering the relevance and efficacy of today's media policy given the increasingly rapid pace of technological change. The need for research in informing and evaluating media policy, she says, has never been greater. PMID:21338012

Jordan, Amy B

2008-01-01

310

Examining Children's Models of Seed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports research that examines children's models of seed. Explores the conceptions held by children (N=75) of germination and seed formation. Concludes that children hold a restricted meaning for the term 'seed'. (DDR)|

Jewell, Natalie

2002-01-01

311

Treating abused children through bibliotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses using the bibliotherapeutic technique to treat children who have been abused. Several appropriate children's books dealing with abuse are mentioned. The application of bibliotherapy with abused children is discussed, as well as its limitations.

John T. Pardeck; Jean A. Pardeck

1984-01-01

312

Television and Children: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines major issues and problems for research on television and its effects on children through a critical discussion of Cullingford's book, "Children and Television," which focuses on ways in which children learn and what they learn from television. (MBR)

Hart, Andrew

1986-01-01

313

Television Commercials' Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses research focused on characteristics of children's TV commercials, the relationship between commercials and children's learning and reasoning, and effects of commercials on children's language, attitudes, and beliefs. (Author/RH)|

Quisenberry, James D.

1982-01-01

314

Effects of air pollution on children’s pulmonary health  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IntroductionMany reports regarding the effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health have appeared in the scientific literature. Some investigators found increases in persistent cough and phlegm, bronchitis, and early respiratory infections in communities with poor air quality. The purpose of this survey was to compare the pulmonary function of children living in urban area of Tirana city with children living in suburban area of the city. Material and methodsThis survey is carried out during 2004-2005 period on 238 children living in urban area and in 72 children living in suburban area, measuring dynamic pulmonary function. A questionnaire was used to collect data on sex, current respiratory symptoms, allergy diagnosed by the physician, parent education and smoking habit of parents, presence of animals, synthetic carpets and moulds in their houses. The selection of schools, and children included in this survey was done by randomized method. Also, we have measured and classic air pollutants. ResultsComparing the results of values of pulmonary function of two groups of children, we have shown that differences were significant ( p 0.001), whereas comparing symptoms were for cough ( p 0.011) and for phlegm ( p 0.032). The level of particulate matter (PM10) and total suspended matter (TSP) were over the recommended limit values, whereas the levels of other pollutants have resulted within recommended levels of World Health Organization (WHO) ConclusionsThe results of this survey suggest that air pollution is associated with respiratory health of children causing a slight decrease in values of pulmonary function in children of urban area compared with those of suburban area.

Tabaku, Afrim; Bejtja, Gazmend; Bala, Silvana; Toci, Ervin; Resuli, Jerina

2011-12-01

315

Dental Health Evaluation of Children in Kosovo  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess caries prevalence of preschool and school children in Kosovo. Methods: The assessment, which was carried out between 2002 and 2005, included measurements of early childhood caries, deft and DMFT. Results: In total, 1,237 preschool and 2,556 school children were examined. The mean deft of preschool children was 5.9, and the mean DMFT of school children aged 12 was 5.8. The caries prevalence for 2- to 6-year-old preschool children was 91.2%, and the prevalence for 7- to 14-year-old school children was 94.4%. The prevalence of early childhood caries was 17.6%, with a mean deft of 10.6. Conclusions: All data assessed showed the very poor oral health status of children in Kosovo. Interviews with children and teachers indicated poor knowledge regarding oral health. Significant measures must be taken to improve this situation.

Begzati, Agim; Meqa, Kastriot; Siegenthaler, David; Berisha, Merita; Mautsch, Walter

2011-01-01

316

Indiscriminate Friendliness in Maltreated Foster Children  

PubMed Central

Indiscriminate friendliness is well documented in children adopted internationally following institutional rearing but is less studied in maltreated foster children. Precursors and correlates of indiscriminate friendliness were examined in 93 preschool-aged maltreated children residing in foster care and 60 age-matched, nonmaltreated children living with their biological parents. Measures included parent reports, official case record data, and standardized laboratory assessments. Foster children exhibited higher levels of indiscriminate friendliness than nonmaltreated children. Inhibitory control was negatively associated with indiscriminate friendliness even after controlling for age and general cognitive ability. Additionally, the foster children who had experienced a greater number of foster caregivers had poorer inhibitory control, which was in turn associated with greater indiscriminate friendliness. The results indicate a greater prevalence of indiscriminate friendliness among foster children and suggest that indiscriminate friendliness is part of a larger pattern of dysregulation associated with inconsistency in caregiving.

Pears, Katherine C.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Fisher, Philip A.; Kim, Hyoun K.

2009-01-01

317

Acute hepatic failure among hospitalized Thai children.  

PubMed

We conducted a hospital-based study from June 2002 to December 2006 of Thai children aged 1-15 years with acute hepatic failure (AHF) to determine the causes and outcomes. Eleven children were included in the study. Hepatitis B virus was the cause of AHF in one child, infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome was the cause in 1 child, Wilson's disease was the cause in 1 child and dengue fever was suspected to be the cause in 2 children. In 6 children the cause of AHF was unknown. Jaundice was reported in 9 of 11 children. Ten of 11 children had mild to moderate encephalopathy on admission. Five of 11 children died due to AHF. No liver transplantations were performed among the children in this study. Further studies into the relationship between dengue infection and AHF are needed. PMID:23682437

Poovorawan, Yong; Chongsrisawat, Voranush; Shafi, Fakrudeen; Boudville, Irving; Liu, Yanfang; Hutagalung, Yanee; Bock, Hans L

2013-01-01

318

Getting Rid of Children's Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

As critics, we need to change how we look at children’s literature. When children’s books hit the headlines because of their popularity—such as Roald Dahl and Enid Blyton books or, more recently, J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series—the same questions always come up: are they really for children, are they good for children, how do we evaluate such books, why

Katharine Jones

2006-01-01

319

Changing the pattern of children having children.  

PubMed

Statistical patterns today reveal that an overwhelming majority of Black children are born to single, teenage mothers. In 1980, for example, 57 percent of births to those were to mothers 15-17 years of age. The infant mortality rates among such births is strikingly high and even for those infants who survive their first year of life, there are studies which show disproportionately high physical and mental deficits among the offspring of teenagers. Few adolescent mothers turn to the fathers of their children for help. They understand that these young men are rarely in a position to support a young mother and child since unemployment among Black male teenagers is in the 47 percent range. Large numbers of these young women never marry and, instead, head their own households in poverty. Others continue to live with mothers, sisters, or other relatives who may themselves be mothers, with children born out of wedlock. The cycle of dependency on public assistance, or low paying jobs is, thereby, passed on to second, and even third generations. Traditional family values must be strengthened if children born today are to be prepared to participate in our ever more complex, and technologically advanced society. Teenage parents who drop out of school, and are not prepared to participate fully in home and community responsibilities, are also unprepared to provide the goals, education, and skills needed by their children. PMID:3745497

Height, D I

1986-01-01

320

Clinical trials in children.  

PubMed

The imperative to undertake randomised trials in children arises from extraordinary advances in basic biomedical sciences, needing a matching commitment to translational research if child health is to reap the benefits from this new knowledge. Unfortunately, many prescribed treatments for children have not been adequately tested in children, sometimes resulting in harmful treatments being given and beneficial treatments being withheld. Government, industry, funding agencies, and clinicians are responsible for research priorities being adult-focused because of the greater burden of disease in adults, coupled with financial and marketing considerations. This bias has meant that the equal rights of children to participate in trials has not always been recognised. This is changing, however, as the need for clinical trials in children has been increasingly recognised by the scientific community and broader public, leading to new legislation in some countries making trials of interventions mandatory in children as well as adults before drug approval is given. Trials in children are more challenging than those in adults. The pool of eligible children entering trials is often small because many conditions are uncommon in children, and the threshold for gaining consent is often higher and more complex because parents have to make decisions about trial participation on behalf of their child. Uncertain about what is best, despite supporting the notion of trials in principle, parents and paediatricians generally opt for the new intervention or for standard care rather than trial participation. In this review, we explore issues relating to trial participation for children and suggest some strategies for improving the conduct of clinical trials involving children. PMID:15337409

Caldwell, Patrina H Y; Murphy, Sharon B; Butow, Phyllis N; Craig, Jonathan C

321

Urban poor children.  

PubMed

One-half of the world's population lives in cities and towns; this is expected to increase to 70% by 2050. One in three urban dwellers lives in slums. As the urban population grows, so does the number of urban poor. Out of a billion children living in urban areas, approximately 300 million are suffering from exclusion or are at risk of exclusion. Urban poor children are devoid of basic rights of survival, development and protection and are marginalised in challenging conditions in overcrowded settlements. Rapid urbanisation and the consequent increase in urban population is one of the biggest challenges that developing countries, including India are facing. Thirty per cent (that is, 367.5 million) of India's population of 1.23 billion live in urban areas. Moreover, this figure is increasing rapidly and is expected to reach 432 million (40%) by 2021. Rapid urbanisation has unfortunately outpaced development, and a large proportion (43 million) live in substandard conditions in slums. Now is the time to pay attention to the basic rights of the urban poor, especially the urban poor children, the most vulnerable group at the launching of 12(th) Five-Year Plan & National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) in India. PMID:23837083

Ambey, Ravi; Gaur, Ajay; Gupta, Richa; Patel, Gs

2013-06-30

322

Laparoscopic gastrostomy in children.  

PubMed

During a 30-month period, 28 children aged 6 months-15 years underwent fashioning of a laparoscopic gastrostomy. Indications for operation included: feeding difficulties and failure to thrive in neurologically impaired children (13); chronic renal failure (9); and others (6). There were 17 conventional tube and 11 button gastrostomies. Twelve children had insertion of a gastrostomy alone; the others underwent a concomitant laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (NFP). The average operation time for gastrostomy alone was 65 min (range 35-104) and for gastrostomy plus NFP 155 min (range 130-246). There were no specific laparoscopic complications. Two patients who required large volumes of eternal drugs and peritoneal dialysis from the 1st post-operative day developed minor external leaks from their stomas. It appears that laparoscopy provides for safe and precise positioning of any standard balloon or button gastrostomy. It is a particularly attractive technique for use in patients already undergoing a laparoscopic fundoplication and those in whom other minimally invasive techniques are contraindicated or fail. PMID:9238116

Humphrey, G M; Najmaldin, A

1997-09-01

323

Thoracotomies in children.  

PubMed

Thoracotomies in children have been less extensively studied, as the incidence of diseases necessitating thoracotomies is low in the pediatric age group. This study reviews childhood thoracic diseases, thoracotomy approaches, indications, and complications. Surgical procedures and complications of a total of 196 children below 16 years of age who underwent thoracotomy for various reasons at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, between January 2000 and December 2004, were reviewed in this study. Out of the 196 patients, 77 were female (39%) and 119 (61%) were male. The most commonly encountered indications for surgery were hydatid cyst (35%), bronchiectasis (25%), chronic nonspecific pleuritis (13%), chest wall deformities (10%), and mediastinal cystic formations and masses (10%). The other indications included tuberculosis (3%), aspergilloma (0.5%), fibrohyalinized cyst (0.5%), resection of trachea (0.5%), bronchogenic cyst (0.5%), inflammatory pseudo-tumor (0.5%), sequestration (1%), lipoblastoma (0.5%), and eosinophilic granuloma (1%). Out of the 196 patients, 176 underwent lateral thoracotomy and 20 patients with a chest wall deformity underwent midsternal incision. Complications were seen in 35 patients (18%): atelectasia and secretory retention (54%), wound infection (17%), hemorrhage (3%), chylothorax (3%), intrathoracic space (3%), and postoperative extended air leakage (20%). The mean hospital stay was 15 days and we did not encounter any mortality. The physiology and anatomy of the respiratory system and especially the respiratory control mechanism in pediatric patients vary from those of the adults, resulting in a more morbid course after thoracic surgery in children. Despite severe postoperative pain, posterolateral thoracotomy is the preferred approach in adults because of an advanced intrathoracic exposure and easy manipulation. On the other hand, lower pain threshold and the different types of diseases seen in children make lateral thoracotomy a more appropriate choice for thoracotomy, which, at the same time, spares the serratus anterior muscle decreasing its negative impact on postoperative respiratory function. PMID:18414878

Findik, Gokturk; Gezer, Suat; Sirmali, Mehmet; Turut, Hasan; Aydogdu, Koray; Tastepe, Irfan; Karaoglanoglu, Nurettin; Kaya, Sadi

2008-04-15

324

Schizophrenia in Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter discusses schizophrenia as it occurs in children and adolescents. Because of the complexity of diagnosis of schizophrenia\\u000a in children and adolescents, this issue is discussed, followed by a discussion of the epidemiology of the illness in this\\u000a population. Research into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia in youth is reviewed, including studies of genetics, brain\\u000a imaging, and neuropsychology. Finally, treatment

S. Charles Schulz; Elizabeth deOreo

325

Assessing Parents and Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes a study designed to determine the effectiveness of parental influence on their children. The researcher interviewed nine students from a St. Louis, Missouri Catholic elementary school along with the students' parents and teachers. The author presents findings related to family discipline procedures, parental expectations for children,…

Dixon, Mary

2002-01-01

326

Reframing Children's Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Like professional photographers, early childhood teachers can reframe their perspectives to create innovative and inspiring spaces for young children by concentrating on reframing two design elements: color and texture. When thinking about designing spaces for young children, one of the first considerations is the equipment and its arrangement.…

Duncan, Sandra

2011-01-01

327

Children, Pesticides and Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young children receive higher doses of pesticides than any other age group. The younger a child is the more difficulty the body will have in coping with toxins in general. Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) do not adequately protect children. Evidence of harm from a pesticide often has to be overwhelmingly strong before anything is done about it.…

White, Alison

1998-01-01

328

Children and HIV  

MedlinePLUS

... healthy lives. Can HIV affect my child’s performance in school? Children living with HIV can face developmental challenges related to the disease. With advice and treatment from trained professionals, these challenges ... - HIV Infection in Infants and Children NIH - Guidelines for the Use ...

329

Constipation in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts. This publication was reviewed by Carlo Di Lorenzo, M.D., Nationwide Children’s Hospital. You may also find additional information about this topic by ... publication may contain information about medications and, when taken ...

330

Ageism in Children's Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The five articles in this special issue of the bulletin deal with age discrimination in children's books. The first article is the first of two parts that deal with how older people are stereotyped; part 1 presents the statistical findings of the first major study of stereotypes based on age and ageism in children's literature, while part 2…

Interracial Books for Children Bulletin, 1976

1976-01-01

331

Investigating Children's Mathematics Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sample of 244 children (average age: 61 months) and their parents from the Dallas and Fort Worth (DFW) metroplex area in Texas were surveyed to investigate children's mathematics readiness. This study was conducted as part of a project funded by a local child care council, composed of business, civic, and education leaders in the community. The…

Lee, Joohi; Autry, Mary Murray; Fox, Jill; Williams, Cynthia

2008-01-01

332

Improving Children's Person Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accuracy of children's person identification on a recall task was compared to their accuracy on specially developed feature lineup tasks. In two experiments, children participated in a play session with a stranger and subsequently were interviewed about the stranger's appearance. Each child was first asked to recall appearance features (e.g., height, age, skin color) and then was asked to

Beth M. Schwartz-Kenney; Bette L. Bottoms; Gail S. Goodman

1996-01-01

333

Children's Books about Religion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Created to promote a mutual understanding and acceptance among various faiths and cultures throughout the world, this book is an annotated bibliography of religious children's books. It has almost 700 critical evaluations of books with distinct religious themes for children from preschool to middle school. Chapters are: (1) "Religion"; (2) "God";…

Dole, Patricia Pearl

334

Children of Alcoholics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theme of this issue of a journal designed to focus on the prevention of various kinds of substance abuse is "children of alcoholics" (CoAs). The lead article, "Children of Chemical Dependency: Respecting Complexities and Building on Strengths," by Pamela Woll, examines chemically dependent family systems. The article begins by offering two…

Prevention Forum, 1990

1990-01-01

335

Children's Participation in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In (post) modern society children are seen as active subjects and participants who have a legitimate basis in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child. As a consequence of this, children are able to play an active role in the planning of/and participation in both education and research in their own preschool settings. This article…

Brostrom, Stig

2012-01-01

336

Justice for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On December 9, 1970, Senator Walter F. Mondale addressed the Senate on this nation's failure to meet the needs of its children and the need to implement the recommendations of the 1970 White House Conference on Children. Speaking a week before the first meeting of the 1970 conference, he reviewed a series of preliminary forum reports which…

Mondale, Walter F.

337

Lead and children  

PubMed Central

Abstract OBJECTIVE To provide family physicians with a practical, evidence-based approach to screening for and preventing children’s exposure to lead. SOURCES OF INFORMATION MEDLINE was searched using terms relevant to lead exposure and poisoning. We reviewed English-language articles published in 2003 to 2008. Most cited studies provide level 2 or 3 evidence. MAIN MESSAGE Lead is a developmental neurotoxin. Children are most commonly exposed and they are most vulnerable. Lead exposure has been associated with many cognitive and motor deficits, as well as distractibility and other characteristics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Although children’s blood lead levels have declined considerably over the past 3 decades with removal of lead from gasoline and paint, children can still be exposed to lead from lead paint in older homes, toys, and other sources. Because post-exposure treatment cannot reverse the cognitive effects of lead exposure, preventing lead exposure is essential. CONCLUSION Family physicians have an important role in screening for children at high risk of lead exposure, and in educating families to prevent the exposure of children to lead.

Abelsohn, Alan R.; Sanborn, Margaret

2010-01-01

338

Foster Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and youth in foster care are a vulnerable population. They are at risk for abuse, neglect, and permanent separation from birth parents and have a greater incidence of emotional and behavioral difficulties. This is not surprising because these children are abused, neglected, or abandoned by the very people who are supposed to love and…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Lederman, Cindy S.

2007-01-01

339

Children without Health Insurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines changes in children's health insurance status and utilization of health services in the past decade, using 1977 National Medical Care Expenditure Survey data and 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey data. Policies that could reduce the number of uninsured children (mandated employment-related coverage and incremental Medicaid…

Monheit, Alan C.; Cunningham, Peter J.

1992-01-01

340

Children's Advertising Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These guidelines have been developed for the use of advertisers and advertising agencies and for the self-regulatory mechanism which these groups have established, the National Advertising Division, to help ensure that advertising directed to children is truthful, accurate, and fair to children's perceptions. Preliminary sections set forth basic…

Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc., New York, NY.

341

Children and Commercials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the issues underlying the debate over television commercials directed at children from the perspectives of both the proponents and opponents of regulation, drawing a distinction between what research can tell us about the consequences of children's exposure to commercials and value judgments about those consequences inherent in making policy decisions. Following a brief review of empirical studies

Donald F. Roberts

1983-01-01

342

Children, ADHD, and Citizenship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a subject of controversy, for a host of reasons. This paper seeks to explore the manner in which children's interests may be subsumed to those of parents, teachers, and society as a whole in the course of diagnosis, treatment, and labeling, utilizing a framework for children's citizenship proposed by Elizabeth Cohen. Additionally, the

Elizabeth F. Cohen; CHRISTOPHER P. MORLEY

2009-01-01

343

Healthy Habitats for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the health-related implications of environmental hazards for children. Argues that low-income, minority communities are disproportionately affected, thus spurring the environmental justice movement which calls for equitable dealing with hazards. Suggests that children are at the greatest physical health risk, and that educators are in a…

Wilson, Ruth A.

1996-01-01

344

Headaches in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... others) to ease symptoms. Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than ... chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin has been linked to ...

345

Children's Book Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

THIS ARTICLE WILL COVER ALL BOOKS exclusive of textbooks and paperback books published for children from pre- school through junior high school. It is based on data secured from existing literature and research in the field, forty returns from a questionnaire sent to children's book editors and\\/or persons re- sponsible for the juvenile list in publishing houses, interviews with selected

RACHAEL W. DEANGELO

346

Children's Social Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

Bennett, Mark

2011-01-01

347

In Defense of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines possible solutions for improving the status of children in India. Suggests that there is a need to focus on child rights issues related to public awareness, attitudinal change, political commitment, mass sensitization, and outreach. Suggests an appropriate strategy for the restoration of the rights of children in India. (AA)|

Verma, Suman

1995-01-01

348

Colorado Children's Budget 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Colorado Children's Budget 2012" examines the state's commitment to investing in the well-being of children. It tallies up Colorado's actual and planned investment during the past five years (Fiscal Year (FY) 2008-2009 through FY 2012-2013) on programs and services in four areas: Early Childhood Learning and Development, K-12 Education,…

Buck, Beverly; Cuciti, Peggy L.; Baker, Robin

2012-01-01

349

Colorado Children's Budget 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Colorado Children's Budget 2011" tallies up Colorado's public investments during FY 2007-08 through FY 2011-12 for programs and services that enhance the well-being of children across four domains--Early Childhood, K-12 Education, Health, and Other Supports. It is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2011

2011-01-01

350

Colorado Children's Budget 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Children's Budget 2010" is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested in better understanding how Colorado funds children's programs and services. It attempts to clarify often confusing budget information and describe where the state's investment trends are and where those trends will lead the state if…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2010

2010-01-01

351

Children in political violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an urgent need to conduct research into the effects of political conflict on children growing up in South Africa. This paper discusses some international literature which may be relevant to researchers in this area. The first section briefly assesses the usefulness of the background literature on children in war and disaster situations. The second section outlines some of

Kerry Gibson

1989-01-01

352

Promoting children's home safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home accidents are the main cause of death and morbidity in early childhood. Working-class children are at greatest risk. A study in an inner city area of the effects of a national television campaign about child accident prevention and of a locally designed health education initiative showed that 55% of families with young children in the study area did not

A F Colver; P J Hutchinson; E C Judson

1982-01-01

353

SPEECH HANDICAPPED SCHOOL CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS BOOK IS DESIGNED PRIMARILY FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE BEING TRAINED TO WORK WITH SPEECH HANDICAPPED SCHOOL CHILDREN, EITHER AS SPEECH CORRECTIONISTS OR AS CLASSROOM TEACHERS. THE BOOK DEALS WITH FOUR MAJOR QUESTIONS--(1) WHAT KINDS OF SPEECH DISORDERS ARE FOUND AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN, (2) WHAT ARE THE PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS,…

JOHNSON, WENDELL; AND OTHERS

354

Vulnerable Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from two studies indicate that the nature of Canadian children's environments within their families, schools, neighborhoods, and communities has very strong effects on children's development and the prevalence of childhood vulnerability. Rather than stemming primarily from poverty, childhood vulnerability may arise from the environments…

Willms, J. Douglas

2002-01-01

355

Assessing Children's Career Aspirations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past several years, "Science and Children" has invited preservice and inservice teachers to participate in national studies of students' ideas about scientists (Barman 1997), animals (Barman et al. 2000), and plants (Barman et al. 2003). You are invited to participate in an additional study that will examine children's career aspirations.…

Plummer, Donna M.

2008-01-01

356

Efficient Investment in Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many would say that children are societys most precious resource. So, how should it invest in them. To gain insight into this question, a dynamic general equilibrium model is developed where children differ by ability. Parents invest time and money in the...

S. R. Aiyagari J. Greenwood A. Seshadri

1999-01-01

357

Children of Incarcerated Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes what is known about the children of incarcerated parents in California. The report estimates the number of children in California who have parents in the state's criminal justice system (jail, prison, parole, and probation) and summarizes key findings from the research literature on the impact of parental arrest and…

Simmons, Charlene Wear

2000-01-01

358

Television's Impact on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representative studies demonstrating an association between television and children's behavior in the following areas are reviewed: (1) children's aggressive behavior; (2) racial and sex-role stereotypes; (3) decreased interest in reading and school activities; and (4) poorer health habits and attitudes. (Author/CL)

Zuckerman, Diana M.; Zuckerman, Barry S.

1985-01-01

359

Being Real for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because ready role models for today's children are media-created superheroes and celebrities of television and film, children need real-life role models who guide them into realistic personal and social pathways. As principal adult contacts, teachers can be such role models. Specific strategies for encouraging teachers in this role are presented.…

Carter, Margie

1995-01-01

360

Children's Books: Current Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major trend in children's literature is the growing academic recognition of the field--indicated by the large number of new texts that have been published since 1975. Scholarly periodicals in the field have likewise grown since the 1970s. Library science, elementary education and English literature have fostered the development of children's…

Nist, Joan Stidham

361

CHILDREN'S HEALTH MONTH 2006  

EPA Science Inventory

Protecting the health of children from environmental risks is fundamental to the mission of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As a part of the Agency's efforts to address children's health issues, EPA's Office of Research and Development, a leader in the area of hum...

362

Teaching Educationally Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing methods for helping children with normal intelligence who manifest learning, perceptual, and/or behavior disorders as a result of minimal neurological or brain dysfunction, the compilation contains 22 papers. Articles are grouped into six categories: identifying the children, motor development, basic considerations, adapting the…

Arena, John I., Ed.; And Others

363

Children's Books about Religion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created to promote a mutual understanding and acceptance among various faiths and cultures throughout the world, this book is an annotated bibliography of religious children's books. It has almost 700 critical evaluations of books with distinct religious themes for children from preschool to middle school. Chapters are: (1) "Religion"; (2) "God";…

Dole, Patricia Pearl

364

Reactions to children's faces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since cuckoldry risk is asymmetrical, we hypothesized that parental investment would be more affected by paternal than maternal resemblance. To test this hypothesis, we asked subjects hypothetical questions about investing in children under conditions in which their faces or those of other people had been morphed with photographs of children. Males were more likely to choose a face they had

Steven M Platek; Rebecca L Burch; Ivan S Panyavin; Brett H Wasserman; Gordon G Gallup

2002-01-01

365

Reducing Poverty among Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the highest poverty rate among children since the 1960s, this report examines existing Federal policies to assist poor families with children and analyzes over 40 policy alternatives. Chapter 1 discusses how poverty is measured, recent trends and current patterns of childhood poverty as officially measured, and the effects of using…

Current Population Reports, 1985

1985-01-01

366

Children as Art Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A goal of art learning is always independence, for everyone to become their own art teacher. Teaching for artistic independence can never start too early. As art teachers, children acquire confidence in their art, and in coming to school as artists. Children should be considered artists in residence and visiting artists in schools. It makes sense…

Szekely, George

2011-01-01

367

Treating children fairly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Samuel Preston raised the issue in his 1984 presidential address to the Population Association of America, there has been heated debate over whether children are receiving less than their share of public resources. Preston argued that more and more of our public resources are being directed toward the elderly while an ever smaller share is going to children. This

Barbara L. Wolfe

1991-01-01

368

Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Persistent nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) often requires treatment by probing, intubation, or balloon dacryoplasty. Refractory cases have been managed by external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), which leaves a scar; however, this procedure is generally avoided in young children. Endoscopic DCR has been successfully performed in adults and described in children. We report the success of this procedure in a series of

Deborah K. VanderVeen; Dwight T. Jones; Henry Tan; Robert A. Petersen

2001-01-01

369

Transforming Children into Storytellers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using work done with Homer's "Odyssey" with fifth graders, illustrates children's proficiency as listeners, creators, and presenters of stories. Shares techniques and anecdotes about this disciplined approach to preparing children as storytellers. Describes such aspects as having a variety of storytelling models, evaluating storytellers, reading…

Millstone, David H.

1997-01-01

370

War, Terrorism, and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many caregivers are encountering the issue of communicating with children and adolescents about current world events, specifically war and terrorism. As health care providers, it is important to raise awareness of how children may understand, interpret, and respond to related fears and concerns. Although honesty and reassurance are clearly the…

DeRanieri, Joseph T.; Clements, Paul T.; Clark, Kathleen; Kuhn, Douglas Wolcik; Manno, Martin S.

2004-01-01

371

Researching Australian Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When in 1962 the author began to research the history of Australian children's literature, access to the primary sources was limited and difficult. From a catalogue drawer in the Mitchell Library of hand-written cards marked "Children's books" he could call up from the stacks, in alphabetical order, piles of early publications. His notes about the…

Saxby, Maurice

2004-01-01

372

Children and Household Wealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of children on consumption and wealth. To anchor intuition, we develop implications using a simple permanent income model with no uncertainty and complete markets. But this framework does not come close to matching the distribution of existing wealth. We therefore examine the effects of children using a rich, augmented life-cycle model, and using a life-cycle

JohnKarl Scholz; Ananth Seshadri

2007-01-01

373

Treating Sexually Aggressive Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although clinical and empirical data have been offered about sexually aggressive children, few have suggested the necessary components of clinical treatment protocols for them. This article reviews the plausible etiologies and the correlates of sexual aggression by children to delineate the necessary treatment elements for them and their families.…

Miranda, Alexis O.; Biegler, Bryan N.; Davis, Kathleen; Frevert, Vada S.; Taylor, Julie

2001-01-01

374

Children of the Heartland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the destruction caused by the Oklahoma City bombing and recounts the reaction of a second-grade class in Oklahoma. Describes class discussions of the bombing and how children found various ways to ask questions and express their feelings about the incident. Provides tips for teachers to help children who are going through trauma. (MOK)

Castle, Kathryn; And Others

1996-01-01

375

Ethical Research with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research with children is occurring within a climate of mounting international interest in listening to and consulting with children in ways that are respectful of them as competent informants of their own experience. This interest has occurred within "new times" of heightened accountability, regulation and surveillance of research. This climate…

Farrell, Ann

2005-01-01

376

How Safe Are Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Debates whether children are more susceptible to asbestos-related disease than adults. Addresses the issue of low-level exposure and disease. Discusses the regulatory measures taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Congress to protect children from the potential threat of asbestos exposure. (CW)|

Benke, Mary Schaefer

1988-01-01

377

ATELECTASIS IN CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In children with lower respiratory tract symptoms, the elicited signs are not enough to distinguish common diagnosis like pneumonic consolidation, foreign body aspiration and atelectasis. Radiology and bronchoscopy would identify the true nature of the etiology. Design: Prospective study. Subjects: Thirty five children with both acute and chronic lower respiratory tract symptomatology, were analyzed for clinical and radiological signs

INDIAN PEDIATRICS; T. S. Raghu Raman; Sunil Mathew; P. S. Garcha

378

Children's Understanding of Homonyms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments examined the ability of 60 3-year-old children's ability to select homonym pairs and the extent to which they realized that homonyms represent 2 different categories. Results confirm that children have the metalinguistic skills necessary to identify homonym pairs and to realize they represent two different categories, suggesting…

Backscheider, Andrea A.; Gelman, Susan A.

1995-01-01

379

Children's Environmental Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explores why and how children are more sensitive and susceptible to environmental pollutants than adults. It features information about causes of asthma and birth defects, the effects of heavy metals, and the environmental health and safety of schools. It also provides links to resources and organizations related to children's environmental health, current news and related resources.

Responsibility, Physicians F.; Envirohealthaction

380

Children's Literature on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of television adaptations of children's books is traced from television's first attempts at network children's programing to local production, network specials, independent stations' production efforts, reading shows, efforts in Canada and Great Britain, and Weston Woods film company productions. Guidelines for programing success are…

Staven, Karl

1985-01-01

381

Lichenoid eruptions in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lichenoid eruptions are quite common in children and can result from many different origins. In most instances the precise mechanism of disease is not known, although it is usually believed to be immunologic in nature. Certain disorders are common in children, whereas others more often affect the adult population. Lichen striatus, lichen nitidus, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, and lichen spinulosus are examples

Joline J. Tilly; Beth A. Drolet; Nancy B. Esterly

2004-01-01

382

The Children's Advertising Battle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A number of relevant issues surround the arguments of both opponents and proponents of the Federal Trade Commission's proposals to ban or control certain advertising during children's television programs. Groups against regulatory action point out that parents, not children, are the consumers and have a right to free choice in their purchases.…

MacKie, Alexander

383

Children's Attention to Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes a series of studies investigating the nature of children's attention to television. In a study of distraction, children's visual attention was found to be affected by distractions in the environment, by the nature of the program and by the viewer's own patterns of attending. A study of the general patterns of attention to…

Anderson, Daniel R.

384

Repeated Infections in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... cause of an infection, such as being in day-care centers. Children in day-care centers give infections to each other. They drool ... winter, you could move your child out of day care, where so many other children would have colds. ...

385

Children of Incarcerated Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes what is known about the children of incarcerated parents in California. The report estimates the number of children in California who have parents in the state's criminal justice system (jail, prison, parole, and probation) and summarizes key findings from the research literature on the impact of parental arrest and…

Simmons, Charlene Wear

2000-01-01

386

The Influence of Parenting Styles on Children's Cognitive Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Based on a larger longitudinal project of family stress and children’s development, the primary objective of the current study was to investigate the relationships between parenting styles and children’s cognitive ability in families with young elementary school-aged children. Parents completed a self-administered survey on family experiences, including parenting styles. Children were interviewed at their schools where the Brief Intellectual

Amy E. Tiller; M. E. Betsy Garrison; Kathryn Cramer; Vicky Tiller

387

Parents’ and Children’s Religiosity and Child Behavioral Adjustment Among Maltreated and Nonmaltreated Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the role of parents’ and children’s religiosity in behavioral adjustment among maltreated and nonmaltreated\\u000a children. Data were collected on 170 maltreated and 159 nonmaltreated children from low-income families (mean age = 10 years).\\u000a We performed dyadic data analyses to examine unique contributions of parents’ and children’s religiosity and their interaction\\u000a to predicting child internalizing and externalizing symptomatology. A four group structural

Jungmeen Kim; Michael E. McCullough; Dante Cicchetti

2009-01-01

388

Trigger fingers in children.  

PubMed

Twelve children with triggering of 17 digits other than the thumb were seen in our department during an 8-year period. There were 8 children with single-finger involvement; the remaining patients had more than 1 triggering finger. Seven fingers in 5 children were not treated surgically; 1 of these patients had residual triggering in all 3 involved fingers. Ten fingers in 7 children were treated surgically. In contrast to the operative findings in children with triggering thumbs, no nodules were found in these cases. The surgical procedure necessary to relieve the triggering was often more extensive than an incision of the A-1 pulley alone and required separation of the inserting slips of the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon and release of the proximal A-2 pulley. PMID:10584936

Tordai, P; Engkvist, O

1999-11-01

389

School for beggars' children.  

PubMed

The children of blind beggars lead their parents around to beg for alms instead of going to school. 5 years of research however, supported by the Human Development Foundation in Nigeria found that adult beggars want their children to get educated, but did not think it possible. A special school for beggars' children was established by the foundation in 1990 with 30 children aged 6-12 years. The children attend school daily from 2 to 5 P.M. and help their blind parents in the mornings and evenings. Students receive free uniforms, writing materials and books, and are fed free during school hours. This school has attracted the attention of UNICEF which has been offering aid in the form of technical and teaching materials. The program has proved so successful, however, that demand is outpacing the supply of available teachers and teaching space. More room and more teachers are needed. Fund-raisers are being organized to that end. PMID:12318634

Eferaro, S; Uloko, S D

390

Social Information Processing in Elementary-School Aged Children with ADHD: Medication Effects and Comparisons with Typical Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined social information processing (SIP) in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD and in controls. Participants\\u000a were 75 children (56 boys, 19 girls) aged 6–12 years, including 41 children with ADHD and 34 controls. Children were randomized\\u000a into medication conditions such that 20 children with ADHD participated after receiving placebo and 21 participated after\\u000a receiving methylphenidate (MPH). Children were shown scenarios

Sara King; Daniel A. Waschbusch; William E. Pelham Jr; Bradley W. Frankland; Brendan F. Andrade; Sophie Jacques; Penny V. Corkum

2009-01-01

391

Temperamental Profiles of Dysregulated Children  

PubMed Central

It is crucial to characterize self-regulation in children. We compared the temperamental profiles of children with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP) to profiles associated with other CBCL-derived syndromes. 382 children (204 boys; aged 5–18) from a large family study were examined. Temperamental profiles were based on the Juvenile Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI). . Children with the CBCL-DP had a temperamental profile characterized by high Novelty Seeking (NS), high Harm Avoidance (HA), low Reward Dependence (RD) and low Persistence (P). Linear mixed models and regression-based models demonstrated that the CBCL-DP was associated with a “disengaged” temperamental profile. This profile is similar to the profile seen in adult disorders of self-regulation, including cluster B personality disorders. These results support the hypothesis that the CBCL-DP measures poor self-regulation.

Althoff, Robert R.; Ayer, Lynsay A.; Crehan, Eileen; Rettew, David C.; Baer, Julie R.; Hudziak, James J.

2012-01-01

392

Sleep disordered breathing in children.  

PubMed

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is increasingly being recognised as a cause of morbidity even in young children. With an estimated prevalence of 1 to 4 per cent, SDB results from having a structurally narrow airway combined with reduced neuromuscular tone and increased airway collapsibility. SDB in children differs from adults in a number of ways, including presenting symptoms and treatment. Presentation may differ according to the age of the child. Children have a more varied presentation from snoring and frequent arousals to enuresis to hyperactivity. Those with Down syndrome, midface hypoplasia or neuromuscular disorders are at higher risk for developing SDB. First line definitive treatment in children involves tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Rapid maxillary expansion, allergy treatment and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) are other options. As untreated SDB results in complications as learning difficulties, memory loss and a long term increase in risk of hypertension, depression and poor growth, it is important to diagnose SDB. PMID:20308756

Sinha, Deepti; Guilleminault, Christian

2010-02-01

393

Specificity of Dyspraxia in Children with Autism  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the specificity of impaired praxis and postural knowledge to autism by examining three samples of children, including those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typically developing (TD) children. Method Twenty-four children with ASD, 24 children with ADHD, and 24 TD children, ages 8–13, completed measures assessing basic motor control (the Physical and Neurological Exam for Subtle Signs; PANESS), praxis (performance of skilled gestures to command, with imitation, and tool use) and the ability to recognize correct hand postures necessary to perform these skilled gestures (the Postural Knowledge Test; PKT). Results Children with ASD performed significantly worse than TD children on all three assessments. In contrast, children with ADHD performed significantly worse than TD controls on PANESS but not on the praxis examination or PKT. Furthermore, children with ASD performed significantly worse than children with ADHD on both the praxis examination and PKT, but not on the PANESS. Conclusions Whereas both children with ADHD and children with ASD show impairments in basic motor control, impairments in performance and recognition of skilled motor gestures, consistent with dyspraxia, appear to be specific to autism. The findings suggest that impaired formation of perceptual-motor action models necessary to development of skilled gestures and other goal directed behavior is specific to autism; whereas, impaired basic motor control may be a more generalized finding.

MacNeil, Lindsey K.; Mostofsky, Stewart H.

2012-01-01

394

Concerned Children’s Advertisers leads the way  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews Cathy Loblaw and Diana Carradine, who established Concerned Children’s Advertisers in Canada 15 years ago; its aim is to inform children about social issues, advertising and the media. Lists the four platforms in the CCA process: The Broadcast Code for Advertising to Children (television), the Canadian Code of Advertising Standards (all media), media literacy education, and social messaging. Indicates

Barbie Clarke; Catherine Gardner

2005-01-01

395

EXPRESSIONS OF CHILDREN’S GRIEF: A QUALITATIVE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to explore the use of guided imagery as a tool to facilitate the expression of children’s grief. The children in the study were participating in open-ended, age specific, grief groups. Nine children participated in pre and post drawings. The Rosebush drawing itself and the feelings engendered by drawing appeared to be the most

Hilda R. Glazer

1998-01-01

396

As If Children Matter: Perspectives on Children, Rights and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 16 papers attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of the state of children in the nations of the Americas. The collection's five sections examine children's rights, perspectives of five parents from five different nations, children with disabilities in the legal system, promoting the rights of children through social…

Roeher Inst., North York (Ontario).

397

Correlates of Victimization in Hong Kong Children's Peer Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports two separate cross-sectional investigations that focus on bully/victim problems among Hong Kong school children. Study 1 included 1361 children (670 boys, 691 girls; mean age = 12.6 years) and Study 2 included 288 children (153 boys, 135 girls; mean age = 9.6 years). Children's social and academic functioning was assessed with…

Tom, Shelley R.; Schwartz, David; Chang, Lei; Farver, Jo Ann M.; Xu, Yiyuan

2010-01-01

398

Compulsive hoarding in children.  

PubMed

This article discusses the nature and treatment of compulsive hoarding among children. We summarize the phenomenology of compulsive hoarding, including its clinical presentation, comorbidity with varied mental disorders, and associated impairment. The limited data on treatment outcome are presented along with a behavioral framework that we utilized to treat youth who hoard. Our approach is highlighted in the context of a case illustration of an 11-year-old girl suffering from compulsive hoarding and several comorbid mental health disorders. We conclude with recommendations for clinical work with this challenging and neglected population. PMID:21381027

Storch, Eric A; Rahman, Omar; Park, Jennifer M; Reid, Jeannette; Murphy, Tanya K; Lewin, Adam B

2011-03-04

399

Lyme neuroborreliosis in children.  

PubMed

Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) represents the second most frequent manifestation of Lyme disease (LD) in Europe after cutaneous involvement. In the USA, LNB represents the third most frequent manifestation of LD after cutaneous involvement and arthritis. The scope of this article is, in the light of recent publications, to review the specific manifestations of LNB in children including predictive models, and to discuss diagnosis criteria, new diagnostic tools and new therapeutic options. Differences in disease patterns between the USA and Europe are also highlighted. PMID:20377339

Tuerlinckx, David; Glupczynski, Youri

2010-04-01

400

Children's Sleep Comic: development of a new diagnostic tool for children with sleep disorders  

PubMed Central

Background A solid diagnosis of sleep disorders in children should include both self-ratings and parent ratings. However, there are few standardized self-assessment instruments to meet this need. The Children’s Sleep Comic is an adapted version of the unpublished German questionnaire “Freiburger Kinderschlafcomic” and provides pictures for items and responses. Because the drawings were outdated and allowed only for qualitative analysis, we revised the comic, tested its applicability in a target sample, and suggest a procedure for quantitative analysis. Methods All items were updated and pictures were newly drawn. We used a sample of 201 children aged 5–10 years to test the applicability of the Children’s Sleep Comic in young children and to run a preliminary analysis. Results The Children’s Sleep Comic comprises 37 items covering relevant aspects of sleep disorders in children. Application took on average 30 minutes. The procedure was well accepted by the children, as reflected by the absence of any dropouts. First comparisons with established questionnaires indicated moderate correlations. Conclusion The Children’s Sleep Comic is appropriate for screening sleep behavior and sleep problems in children. The interactive procedure can foster a good relationship between the investigator and the child, and thus establish the basis for successful intervention if necessary.

Schwerdtle, Barbara; Kanis, Julia; Kahl, Lena; Kubler, Andrea; Schlarb, Angelika A

2012-01-01

401

To the children—to my children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychiatric consequences of the Holocaust affect not only survivors, but also second and third generations. This autobiographical poem reflects upon these issues and the mission of psychiatrists to find a greater peace for these survivors and to help their children and grandchildren to escape further pain. The author has had the privilege of treating all three generations and this poem

Kenneth R. Kaufman

2004-01-01

402

Children Talk: Children's Interpretation of Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's experiences are unique to themselves; they can neither be perceived as separate from the social and cultural life nor can be thought of as biological beings evolving to adults. Their identity and agency should be appreciated and understood in their own terms. My aim in this paper is to embark on some of the themes that make childhood in

Naile Berberoglu

403

Children’s understanding of television programmes: Three exploratory studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies were designed to explore children’s understanding of television programmes. Seventy-two children from 6 to 9\\u000a years of age and attending a primary school, viewed one adult and one children’s television programme. They took part in procedures\\u000a that examined their 1) memory for crucial plot events immediately after viewing, 2) understanding of the motives of the protagonists,\\u000a and 3)

Anne Sheppard

1994-01-01

404

Using Art with Vulnerable Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refugee children are often admitted into schools having experienced traumatic events. The impact of trauma on children has been well documented and these children frequently have complex needs. The Devon Behaviour Support Team (BST) has offered Art Workshops to schools to support children with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties and…

Cumming, Stevi; Visser, John

2009-01-01

405

Children and Taste: Guiding Foodservice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taste has been neglected in science, and school foodservice suffers from huge amounts of food waste when children do not eat what is served. This article highlights the importance of taste in terms of children's food preferences, and the awareness of this fact has been recognized while working with children as co-researchers. The children formulated research questions themselves, chose research

Kerstin Bergström; Helene Brembeck; Lena Jonsson; Helena Shanahan

2012-01-01

406

Environmental Design for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special issue of the journal, Children in Contemporary Society, contains 17 brief articles on environmental design for young handicapped and normal children. Articles have the following titles: "Introduction", "Environmental Design and Architecture", "Why Is Environmental Design Important to Young Children", "Children's Hospital National…

Frank, Mary, Ed.

1977-01-01

407

Media Culture and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contains four presentations from workshop on media culture and young children: (1) "Changing Needs, Changing Responses: Rethinking How We Teach Children" (Levin); (2) "Watching Television: What Are Children Learning about Race and Ethnicity?" (Linn and Poussaint); (3) "Empowering Parents and Teachers To Protect Children" (Cantor); and (4)…

Levin, Diane E.; Linn, Susan; Poussaint, Alvin F.; Cantor, Joanne; Cartwright, Sally

1999-01-01

408

Sleep patterns among ADHD children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews seminal parent survey and polysomnogram research related to sleep patterns of children with ADHD. Although polysomnogram studies have shown no consistent, significant differences between the sleep patterns of medication-free children with and without ADHD, parents have consistently reported that children with ADHD have greater sleep difficulty than other children. Despite widespread clinician caution about insomnia side effects

Beverly Koloian

1995-01-01

409

Children and Grief. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that the death of a loved one brings grief to children as well as adults, this Digest draws on research to examine how children respond to death and the role of parents and teachers in helping children cope with loss. The Digest delineates children's "tasks" during mourning that are essential to their adjustment to loss, such as accepting…

McEntire, Nancy

410

Television and Very Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that children younger than 24 months of age not be exposed to television. Nevertheless, television programs and home videos are increasingly produced for very young children. This article reviews the extant research concerning television and very young children with respect to the AAP recommendation. More very young children are currently watching television

Daniel R. Anderson; Tiffany A. Pempek

2005-01-01

411

Oral anticoagulation therapy in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment of thromboembolic complications in children has been the subject of considerable research in the last decade. Recommendations for oral anticoagulant therapy in children have been extrapolated from adult clinical trials. Coumarin derivatives are the preeminent oral antithrombotic agents used in children. Warfarin, acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon are the vitamin K antogonists used in children with thrombotic complications in different countries

Mariana M. Bonduel

2006-01-01

412

Children's Judgments of Expected Value.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Expected value judgments of 5- through 10-year-olds were studied by having children view roulette-type games and make judgments of how happy a puppet playing the game would be. Even the youngest children showed some understanding of probability dependence, with children under eight using an additive integration rule and children eight and older…

Schlottmann, Anne; Anderson, Norman H.

1994-01-01

413

Seeing Children's Pleasure with Food  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's relationship with food in early childhood programs is often a complex topic. Families have concerns about "picky eaters" and teachers feel pressure to make sure that children eat enough while in their care. Children bring snacks that teachers describe as junk food and believe this negatively impacts children's behavior. Foods marketed…

Curtis, Deb

2010-01-01

414

Powerful Portfolios for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of portfolio assessment is a valuable tool for teachers to use with young children to better understand how young children develop and learn. An intentional data collection and documentation system becomes a very powerful assessment tool, one that is authentic and based on children's capabilities and strengths. Children, educators,…

Seitz, Hilary; Bartholomew, Carol

2008-01-01

415

Advertising to children in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the legal environment of advertising regulation in Switzerland as it affects children; there is a patchwork of federal and self-regulatory codes, but although the constitution protects children’s physical, mental and moral development, there is no law specifically relating to advertising to children. Outlines restrictions on advertising in specific media and products: television and radio, where tobacco and alcohol advertising

Peter Hofer; Jeannette Bieri

2005-01-01

416

Children and war.  

PubMed

Children bear disproportionate consequences of armed conflict. The 21st century continues to see patterns of children enmeshed in international violence between opposing combatant forces, as victims of terrorist warfare, and, perhaps most tragically of all, as victims of civil wars. Innocent children so often are the victims of high-energy wounding from military ordinance. They sustain high-energy tissue damage and massive burns - injuries that are not commonly seen in civilian populations. Children have also been deliberately targeted victims in genocidal civil wars in Africa in the past decade, and hundreds of thousands have been killed and maimed in the context of close-quarter, hand-to-hand assaults of great ferocity. Paediatricians serve as uniformed military surgeons and as civilian doctors in both international and civil wars, and have a significant strategic role to play as advocates for the rights and welfare of children in the context of the evolving 'Laws of War'. One chronic legacy of contemporary warfare is blast injury to children from landmines. Such blasts leave children without feet or lower limbs, with genital injuries, blindness and deafness. This pattern of injury has become one of the post-civil war syndromes encountered by all intensivists and surgeons serving in four of the world's continents. The continued advocacy for the international ban on the manufacture, commerce and military use of antipersonnel landmines is a part of all paediatricians' obligation to promote the ethos of the Laws of War. Post-traumatic stress disorder remains an undertreated legacy of children who have been trapped in the shot and shell of battle as well as those displaced as refugees. An urgent, unfocused and unmet challenge has been the increase in, and plight of, child soldiers themselves. A new class of combatant comprises these children, who also become enmeshed in the triad of anarchic civil war, light-weight weaponry and drug or alcohol addiction. The International Criminal Court has outlawed as a War Crime, the conscription of children under 15 years of age. Nevertheless, there remain more than 300000 child soldiers active and enmeshed in psychopathic violence as part of both civil and international warfare. The typical profile of a child soldier is of a boy between the ages of 8 and 18 years, bonded into a group of armed peers, almost always an orphan, drug or alcohol addicted, amoral, merciless, illiterate and dangerous. Paediatricians have much to do to protect such war-enmeshed children, irrespective of the accident of their place of birth. Only by such vigorous and maintained advocacy can the world's children be better protected from the scourge of future wars. PMID:12654137

Pearn, J

2003-04-01

417

[Hyperuricosuria in children].  

PubMed

Hyperuricosuria (HU), defined as an increased urinary acid excretion, seems to be responsible for the of kidney stone formation. Hyperuricosuria was identified as a potential etiology of hematuria in children and adult patients too. The aim of the study was to analyze clinical course of hyperuricosuria in 77 children (43 girls and 33 boys) treated in 1995-1999. We analyzed familial history of urolithiasis, reasons of hospital admissions, laboratory findings and treatment. HU has been suspected to cause hematuria in patients. Children with higher urinary acid excretion are in increased risk of stone formation. PMID:10897601

Zwoli?ska, D; Medy?ska, A; Kili?-Pstrusi?ska, K

2000-04-01

418

Familial achalasia in children.  

PubMed

Achalasia is rare in the pediatric age group and in most cases it is idiopathic with no family history. Familial achalasia is very rare. This report describes two families with achalasia: in one, six children were affected while in the other a brother and a sister had Allgrove's syndrome (triple-A syndrome consisting of achalasia, adrenal insufficiency, and alacrima). Familial achalasia suggests that it is hereditary and may be transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. The management of achalasia in children is still controversial. With the recent advances in minimal invasive surgery, laparoscopic Heller's myotomy is the procedure of choice in the management of achalasia in children. PMID:23076455

Torab, Fawaz Chikh; Hamchou, Moustafa; Ionescu, Gabriel; Al-Salem, Ahmed H

2012-10-18

419

Travelling with children.  

PubMed

Today children are more frequently travelling worldwide, thus increasing their exposure to exotic pathogens and unexpected environmental hazards. In order to ensure the safety of their health while travelling, children should see the person in charge of their medical care well in advance of their journey to assess the status of their routine immunizations and to evaluate their need for any travel-specific vaccines. In this review we touch on some of the most critical pre-travel vaccines and precautions needed for travelling children. PMID:12615386

Balkhy, Hanan H

2003-02-01

420

Music and handicapped children.  

PubMed

Handicapped children may gain considerably from being introduced systematically to musical sounds. The benefit comes not only from enjoyment, but also from promoting intellectual, emotional, and social development. Some children who are severely handicapped intellectually may have great musical talent, such as perfect pitch, and if this is systematically cultivated a key can sometimes be found unlocking the barriers to the child's progress. Some examples are described.Several years' experience of working as a music therapist with children both normal and handicapped have convinced me that the use of music as an aid to learning is worth further study and research. PMID:966207

Ricketts, L

1976-08-01

421

Psychological essentialism in children.  

PubMed

Psychological essentialism is the idea that certain categories, such as "lion" or "female", have an underlying reality that cannot be observed directly. Where does this idea come from? This article reviews recent evidence suggesting that psychological essentialism is an early cognitive bias. Young children look beyond the obvious in many converging ways: when learning words, generalizing knowledge to new category members, reasoning about the insides of things, contemplating the role of nature versus nurture, and constructing causal explanations. These findings argue against the standard view of children as concrete thinkers, instead claiming that children have an early tendency to search for hidden, non-obvious features. PMID:15350241

Gelman, Susan A

2004-09-01

422

[Nerve injuries in children].  

PubMed

Management of peripheral nerve lesions in children does not differ fundamentally from that in adults. Nevertheless, difficulty to perform an extensive clinical examination can explain initial misdiagnosis and postoperative follow up can be tricky. The poor compliance of the children in the postoperative care makes a postoperative immobilization mandatory. If the peripheral nerve injuries involving children have a better prognosis reputation than in adults, fundamental studies results do not comfort this conventional wisdom, but rather claim for a better adaptability of the child to the relapses left by the peripheral nerves lesions. PMID:23751426

Legré, R; Iniesta, A; Toméi, F; Gay, A

2013-05-14

423

Musculoskeletal Problems in Overweight and Obese Children  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The obesity epidemic in children is spreading at alarming rates. Because musculoskeletal problems can influence physical activity, we compared the frequency of musculoskeletal problems in overweight and obese children with that in normal-weight children. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional database and face-to-face interview study that included 2,459 children aged 2 to 17 years from Dutch family practices. We collected data on self-reported height and weight (body mass index), self-reported musculoskeletal problems in the 2 weeks before the interview, number of family physician consultations for musculoskeletal problems in 1 year, and age (2 age-groups were analyzed: 2 to 11 years and 12 to 17 years, because of the proxy interview in the youngest age-group). We calculated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for musculoskeletal problems in overweight and obese children, compared with normal-weight children. RESULTS Overweight and obese children in both age-groups (2 to 11 years and 12 to 17 years) reported significantly more musculoskeletal problems (OR = 1.86; 95% CI, 1.18–2.93; and OR = 1.69; 95% CI, 1.08–2.65, respectively) than normal-weight children. The total group of children who were overweight or obese reported more lower extremity problems than did the normal-weight children (OR = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.09–2.41); furthermore, they reported more ankle and foot problems than children who were of normal weight (OR = 1.92; 95% CI, 1.15–3.20). Overweight and obese children aged 12 to 17 years consulted their family physicians more often with lower extremity problems than did the normal-weight children (OR = 1.92; 95% CI, 1.05–3.51). CONCLUSION This study shows that overweight and obese children more frequently experience musculoskeletal problems than do normal-weight children.

Krul, Marjolein; van der Wouden, Johannes C.; Schellevis, Francois G.; van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette W. A.; Koes, Bart W.

2009-01-01

424

How Children Learn To Write: Supporting and Developing Children's Writing in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book outlines the processes involved when children learn to write, and it shows how certain strategies can improve children's progress in writing. Dealing with the age range 3-13, the book addresses issues of the gender gap, children with English as an additional language, and left-handedness. It includes ideas for assessment of writing. It…

Latham, Dorothy

425

Is children’s choice in health care rhetoric or reality? A scoping review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title. Is children's choice in health care rhetoric or reality? A scoping review. Aim. This paper is a report of a scoping review examining children and young people's health services with respect to choice in order to inform future development of choice initiatives. Background. The importance of including children and young people in the choice agenda reflects the increasing acknowledgement

Jane E. Coad; Karen L. Shaw

2008-01-01

426

Agenda for Action: Policy Directions for Children with Disabilities and Families. Children and Family Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the development of a National Children's Agenda (NCA) to improve the well-being of Canada's children, this document presents specific policy goals to ensure the inclusion of children with disabilities and their families in the NCA. These goals include: (1) establishing inclusive values, rights and approaches for healthy child…

Bach, Michael

427

How Children Learn To Write: Supporting and Developing Children's Writing in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book outlines the processes involved when children learn to write, and it shows how certain strategies can improve children's progress in writing. Dealing with the age range 3-13, the book addresses issues of the gender gap, children with English as an additional language, and left-handedness. It includes ideas for assessment of writing. It…

Latham, Dorothy

428

Self-Regulation during Pretend Play in Children with Intellectual Disability and in Normally Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the symbolic behavior and the self-regulation in dyads of children with intellectual disability and of normally developing children. Specifically, these processes were studied in link with the children's characteristics (mental age, linguistic level, individual pretend play level). The sample included 80 participants, 40…

Vieillevoye, Sandrine; Nader-Grosbois, Nathalie

2008-01-01

429

Are children’s perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine cross-sectional associations between neighbourhood social environmental factors and physical activity (PA) among Australian primary school children. Baseline data from a large-scale trial among 957 children (48% boys) aged 9–12 years were utilised. Children self-reported their perceptions of the neighbourhood social environment including social networks (e.g. there are lots of other children around to play with),

Clare Hume; Michelle Jorna; Lauren Arundell; Julie Saunders; David Crawford; Jo Salmon

2009-01-01

430

Chronic stress, salivary cortisol, and ?-amylase in children with asthma and healthy children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined whether chronic stress is related to daily life levels of salivary ?-amylase (sAA), a marker for sympathetic activity, and cortisol in healthy children versus children with asthma.Children's sAA and cortisol levels were measured repeatedly over 2 days. Chronic stress measures included interviews with children about chronic home life stress and interviews with parents about one marker

Jutta M. Wolf; Erin Nicholls; Edith Chen

2008-01-01

431

Powerful Portfolios for Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of portfolio assessment is a valuable tool for teachers to use with young children to better understand how young\\u000a children develop and learn. An intentional data collection and documentation system becomes a very powerful assessment tool,\\u000a one that is authentic and based on children’s capabilities and strengths. Children, educators, parents, and administrators\\u000a are able to see the collection

Hilary Seitz; Carol Bartholomew

2008-01-01

432

Children's Environmental Concerns: Expressing Ecophobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

While numerous quantitative studies across disciplines have investigated children's knowledge and attitudes about environmental problems, few studies examine children's feelings about environmental problems—and even fewer have focused on the child's point of view. Through 50 in-depth interviews with urban children (ages 10–12) this research aimed to fill the scholarly gap in our understanding of children's environmental concerns by voicing children's

Susan Jean Strife

2012-01-01

433

Abnormal Saccadic Eye Movements in Autistic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The saccadic eye movements, generated during a visual oddball task, of autistic children, normal children, children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity (ADDH), and dyslexic children were examined to determine whether autistic children differed from these other groups in saccadic frequency. Autistic children made more saccades during the presentation of frequent stimuli (than normals and ADDH children), and between stimulus

C. Kemner; M. N. Verbaten; J. M. Cuperus; G. Camfferman; H. van Engeland

1998-01-01

434

Children Who Witness Violence, and Parent Report of Children's Behavior  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine how much distress children report in response to violence that they have witnessed and how this is associated with parental reports of children’s behavior. Methods As part of a study of in utero exposure to cocaine, children completed the Levonn interview for assessing children’s symptoms of distress in response to witnessing violence. The children’s care givers completed the Exposure to Violence Interview (EVI), a caretaker-report measure of the child’s exposure to violent events during the last 12 months. The EVI was analyzed as a 3-level variable: no exposure, low exposure, and high exposure. The caregivers also completed the Children’s Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Results Of 94 six-year-old children, 58% had no exposure to violence, 36% had low exposure to violence, and 6% had high exposure to violence, according to caretaker reports. The children’s median ±SD Levonn score was 64 (SD ± 19.3). The mean (SD ± CBCL total T-score was 53 (SD ± 10.2). In multiple regression analyses with gender, low and high exposure on EVI, Levonn, and prenatal cocaine exposure status as predictors, the Levonn score explained 4.8% of total variance in children’s CBCL internalizing scores, 9.1% of the total variance in CBCL externalizing score, and 12.2% of the total variance in CBCL total score (P = .04, P = .004, and P <.001, respectively). Conclusions After accounting for the caretaker’s report of the level of the child’s exposure to violence, the child’s own report significantly increased the amount of variance in predicting child behavior problems with the CBCL. These findings indicate that clinicians and researchers should elicit children’s own accounts of exposure to violence in addition to the caretakers’ when attempting to understand children’s behavior.

Augustyn, Marilyn; Frank, Deborah A.; Posner, Michael; Zuckerman, Barry

2008-01-01

435

The children’s streetsAn ethnographic study of street children in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to observe behaviors of street children in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico in an effort to gain a better understanding of their conditions. The study’s aims were to discover street children’s perceptions of trust, hostility, and aggression between and among peers, gangs, police, and children “of” and “in” the street. The study also tried to discover

Robert P. Trussell

1999-01-01

436

Lessons from children's television: The impact of the Children's Television Act on children's learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1990 Children's Television Act (CTA) requires broadcasters to provide educational and informational television programs for children. A multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, utilizing both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, was used to investigate the degree to which the CTA has had an effect on children's viewing experiences and learning. Second- to sixth-grade children's preferences and comprehension of content from prosocial and academic

Sandra L. Calvert; Jennifer A. Kotler

2003-01-01

437

Theory of mind abilities of children with schizophrenia, children with autism, and normally developing children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory of mind (ToM) abilities of children with schizophrenia, children with high functioning autism, and normally developing children, matched on mental age (MA), verbal MA, and performance MA, were compared. Both clinical groups were matched on chronological age as well, whereas the normally developing children were younger. A fact belief task, a value belief task, a deception task, and a

Tammy Pilowsky; Nurit Yirmiya; Shoshana Arbelle; Tamar Mozes

2000-01-01

438

Obesity in children  

MedlinePLUS

... to overeat and harder to be active. Watching television, gaming, texting, and playing on the computer are ... and replace physical activity. And, when children watch television, they often crave the unhealthy high-calorie snacks ...

439

Children and TV Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... children watch an average of four hours of television daily. Television can be a powerful influence in developing value systems and shaping behavior. Unfortunately, much of today's television programming is violent. Hundreds of studies of the ...

440

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux and Children  

MedlinePLUS

... cords (subglottic stenosis), hoarseness, and possibly eustachian tube dysfunction causing recurrent ear infections, or persistent middle ear ... present. LPR in infants and children remains a diagnosis of clinical judgment based on history given by ...

441

Ingrown Toenails in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... children may inherit the tendency for nails to curve. Surgeons say many kids hide their ingrown toenails ... X Y Z We comply with the HONcode standard for health trust worthy information. Visit our external ...

442

Home safety - children  

MedlinePLUS

... if possible. Buy medicines with child-resistant caps. Place all medications out of the reach of children. Keep cosmetics and nail polish out of reach. Put safety latches on cabinets that a child should not ...

443

Childrens Health Protection Glossary  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Immunodeficiency:  Inability to produce a normal complement of antibodies or immunologically sensitized T cells, especially in response to specific antigens.   From Childrens Health Protection Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing (organic food)

2012-05-09

444

Determinants of Children's Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research is to investigate empirically the determinants of children's health with particular reference to home and local environmental variables such as family income, parents' schooling, preventive medical care, and health manpower av...

D. Chernichovsky D. Coate L. N. Edwards M. Grossman R. A. Shakotko

1980-01-01

445

Lactose Intolerance in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Healthy Children Radio: Summer Camp (Audio) Substantial Fraction of American Youth Arrested By Age 23 Hypertension in the Child Athlete Pediatric First Aid for Caregivers and Teachers (PedFACTs) ...

446

Children's Safety Research Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Children's Safety Research Project (CSRP) was a two year project funded by the Centers for Disease Control examining factors related to parental compliance with injury prevention recommendations. It examined the impact of two different interventions, ...

G. V. Fleming S. A. LeBailly

1990-01-01

447

Therapeutic aerosols in children.  

PubMed Central

The use and variety of drugs administered to children as inhaled aerosols is increasing, but little is known about how much drug reaches the lung and how it is distributed there in different age groups. In this article the reasons for measuring aerosol deposition in children are discussed and the potential methods for doing this described. Of the methods available, only the use of radiolabelled aerosols gives accurate information on total lung deposition and distribution. The potential risk of the radiation exposure required for these measurements varies with the age of the child but seems to be small. Properly designed studies are expected to clarify the factors affecting lung deposition in children and identify methods of inhalation associated with efficient and predictable delivery of the drug. Measurements of radioaerosol deposition may therefore be justified in children when this information is expected to lead to improvements in the effectiveness or safety of their treatment. Images p246-a

Thomas, S H; Batchelor, S; O'Doherty, M J

1993-01-01

448

Auditory Perception in Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An exploratory, study, to assess auditory perception in young children developed experimental measures consisting of 10 tapes involving three types of auditory signals: (1) environmental sounds in artificial or playground noise; (2) competing messages; an...

N. D. Wood

1971-01-01

449

Forearm Fractures in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Copyright 2010 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Forearm Fractures in Children Description The bones of the forearm ... to you and the radius is farther away. Fractures of the forearm can occur near the wrist ...

450

Hearing Loss in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... about hearing loss. CDC Tweets CDC Facebook Posts Developmental Milestones Children reach milestones in how they play, ... and Prevention National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Hearing Loss Team 1600 Clifton Road MS ...

451

Somatoform Disorders in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... base the diagnosis on symptoms. Individual and family psychotherapy, often using cognitive-behavioral techniques, can help. Symptoms ... symptoms are purely physical. However, individual and family psychotherapy, often using cognitive-behavioral techniques, can help children ...

452

Children and Transplant  

MedlinePLUS

JavaScript disabled. This site requires JavaScript How to enable JavaScript . My ... Children and transplant Tweet When a child has a life-threatening disease, the entire family will have adjustments ...

453

Emergency Care of Children  

MedlinePLUS

... of care in emergency departments and in the emergency medical services (EMS) community (e.g., ambulances). Recent studies examining ... In addition, ACEP is a member of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Partnership for Children consortium, sponsored by the ...

454

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)|

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

455

Television, Art, and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the functions of modern television in aesthetic education, the attitude of children toward television as related to their age, and the ability of television to be an influential force. (Author)

Likhachev, B.

1975-01-01

456

Television and Children's Fantasy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television can be a source of knowledge and information or it can cause negative behavior. Parents can help their children understand the difference between fantasy and reality on television and help make television viewing a positive event. (DF)

Singer, Dorothy; Kelly, Helen Bryman

1985-01-01

457

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Children  

PubMed Central

The surgical management of pediatric stone disease has evolved significantly over the last three decades. Prior to the introduction of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in the 1980s, open lithotomy was the lone therapy for children with upper tract calculi. Since then, SWL has been the procedure of choice in most pediatric centers for children with large renal calculi. While other therapies such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) were also being advanced around the same time, PNL was generally seen as a suitable therapy in adults because of the concerns for damage in the developing kidney. However, recent advances in endoscopic instrumentation and renal access techniques have led to an increase in its use in the pediatric population, particularly in those children with large upper tract stones. This paper is a review of the literature focusing on the indications, techniques, results, and complications of PNL in children with renal calculi.

DeMarco, Romano T.

2011-01-01

458

Children's Hypervideo Neurosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excessive television viewing in the formative years can complicate, if not paralyze, children's psychological development and educational achievement. It distorts their perceptions of reality and it causes them to be overactive, overanxious, and inattentive. (Author/SJL)|

Ferullo, Robert J.

1979-01-01

459

Treating Children as Individuals  

MedlinePLUS

... and needs. Birth order and family size also influence your children's development. The experience of an only ... The temperaments of each parent and each child influence the way each interacts with the other. A ...

460

Hearing Problems in Children  

MedlinePLUS

Most children hear and listen from the moment they are born. They learn to talk by imitating the sounds around them ... United States are born deaf or hard-of-hearing. More lose their hearing later during childhood. Babies ...

461

Exercise and activity - children  

MedlinePLUS

Children should have many chances to play, run, bike, and play sports during the day. Experts recommend ... the stairs instead of the elevator Riding a bike with family or friends Taking the dog for ...

462

Children and Dietary Supplements  

MedlinePLUS

... Dietary Supplements and Nutraceuticals (Endocrine Practice) [945KB PDF] Probiotics and Children (Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition) [ ... Two Studies Explore the Potential Health Benefits of Probiotics (07/04/08) Traditional Chinese Herbs May Benefit ...

463

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

464

Raising Children Again  

MedlinePLUS

... Caregiver stress Raising children again Wellness Staying active Mental health Sexual health Safety and abuse Falls Drugs and alternative medicine Paying for health care Planning your future Healthy Aging in Spanish ( en ...

465

Children with Learning Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... failure, but a common one is a specific learning disorder. Children with learning disorders can have intelligence in the normal but the specific learning disorder may make teachers and parents concerned about their ...

466

Flight (Children's Books).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents brief annotations of 43 children's books, grouped around the theme of flight: flights of imagination, flights across time and around the globe, flights of adventure, and nature's flight. (SR)

Matthews, Susan; Reid, Rebecca; Sylvan, Anne; Woolard, Linda; Freeman, Evelyn B.

1997-01-01

467

Sleep Changes in Children  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

Sleep Changes in Children (1:05) Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence. choose settings to watch video: Windows Media Player - high | low QuickTime - high | low

468

History, Stories and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children who take avid pleasure in history told as a good story more often than not forsake it as adults. History has too often ceased to be a good story and become simply analytical, arid, tedious. (Author)|

Bucholz, Arden

1971-01-01

469

Children's Hospitals Directory  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse and neglect Child life Conjoined twins separation Day care for children with special health care needs Dentistry ... physical therapy Respite care School-based health Sick day care (public) Speech therapy Substance abuse Support groups Transplant ...

470

Frequently ill children.  

PubMed

Frequently ill children (FIC) show persistence of infection in the nasopharynx, disbiosis of intestinal flora, and concomitant and allergic diseases. As per our results, FIC with acute respiratory diseases (ARD) frequency of 6-15 times a year plus chronic infection foci at the age of 2-15 y/o at the remission period have heterogeneous nature of immune system disorders. It depends on the age, frequency of ARD, and chronic infection foci. About 20-50% of children have low number of T cells and 70% of children have high number of activated T cells. About 5-23% of children have low level of serum IgG or IgA, while low level of saliva IgA has been determined in 94% of children and low synthesis of IFN-alpha in 80% and of IFN-gamma in 30% of children. About 50% of kids have high level of common IgE (160-220 ME/ml) and diagnostic sensitization to various allergens. In contrast, only 25% of children with ARD frequency of 4-6 times a year without chronic infection foci had low synthesis of IFN-alpha, 30% had low IgA level in saliva, and 8.3% had low IgA level in serum. After vaccination against hepatitis B, antibody level to HBs-Ag and time of their circulation at FIC had been lower than in children with ARD frequency of 4-6 times a year. Examination of FIC at the remission period showed polymorphism of natural and adaptive immunity disorders associated with the immune system developmental delay and subsequent forming of chronic infection foci being an aggravating factor for these disorders. PMID:17713018

Markova, Tatiana; Chuvirov, Denis

2007-01-01

471

Advertising to Chinese children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – China's youthful advertising industry has changed a lot in little more than a quarter of century. A key for this spectacular growth is the enormous potential of the market for children in China. The paper aims to address this issue. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The Chinese one-child policy has produced the so-called “Little Emperors factor”: Chinese children determine approximately 68

Marisa Planells Valero

2009-01-01

472

Ocular trauma in children.  

PubMed

1. The frequency of eye injuries in children is high. The frequency and severity of at least 90% of these injuries, however, could be prevented. 2. Toys, especially bicycles and BB guns, are a major source of eye injury. Another major cause of ocular trauma is sports-related injuries. 3. Ophthalmic professionals should emphasize the role of spectacles as a protective device for children and advise parents of the advantages of polycarbonate spectacles. PMID:7966381

Kutschke, P J

473

Children's perceptions of psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed various aspects of 1,314 5th–22th grade children's perceptions concerning what psychologists do and their attraction to the field of psychology. It was found that children strongly conceive of psychology as a therapeutic enterprise, with a minority of Ss citing the research roles of the psychologist. A factor analysis of attraction ratings also revealed this clinical emphasis. Grade trends were

Stephen J. Dollinger; Mark H. Thelen

1978-01-01

474

Children's Recreational Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored children's participation in recreational (physical) activities and the extent to which this participation was influenced by individual and household socio-demographics and characteristics of the social and physical environment. Travel and activity diaries were used to collect data on out-of-home recreational activities for a random sample of 4,293 children in primary schools in the Netherlands. These data were

Astrid D. A. M. Kemperman; Harry J. P. Timmermans

2011-01-01

475

Children of the Closet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined whether a parent's non-disclosure of his or her homosexual or bisexual orientation within the family unit negatively affects self-esteem and anxiety in children, as measured in adulthood. Thirty-six subjects indicated that they had not known of their parent's sexual orientation until an average age of sixteen for the children of lesbian or bisexual mothers, and twenty-two for

Paul D. Murray; Karen McClintock

2005-01-01

476

Behçets disease in children.  

PubMed

Ophthalmic and clinical analysis were carried out on 16 children and 122 adult patients affected by Behçet's disease (BD) to delineate the clinical features of BD in childhood and to investigate the differences between the expression of the disease in children and adults. The mean follow-up period was 7.8 and 7 years, respectively. Pediatric onset of BD was found in 7.6% of all the cases with a male:female ratio of 1.29:1. The complete type of the disease was observed in 50% of the children. No statistical significant differences were noted between children and adults in the incidence of oral aphthae, genital ulcers, skin lesions, arthritis, gastrointestinal involvement, neuropsychiatric symptoms and the presence of HLA-B51. Thrombophlebitis was associated with the onset of the disease in adult age (P=0.022). Uveitis alone or in combination with other major symptoms was the presenting sign in a higher percentage of children (P=0.077), As in adults, in children diffuse uveitis was the most common type of ocular inflammation, while ocular complications have been found mainly in children (P=0.021), who more frequently developed cataract, maculopathy and retinal detachment (P=0.024). Both adult and young male patients have shown a lower age at onset and higher rate of optic atrophy than females. In conclusion, no significant differences have been found between children and adults in the expression of the major and most of the minor symptoms of BD. Ocular involvement in childhood may be very severe, as was confirmed by the high frequency of diffuse uveitis and ocular complications. Young males, as adult males, showed an earlier onset of the disease and a worse ocular prognosis. PMID:8577084

Pivetti-Pezzi, P; Accorinti, M; Abdulaziz, M A; La Cava, M; Torella, M; Riso, D

1995-01-01

477

Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

  Background: We report our clinical experience with 403 inguinal hernias in 279 children. They were treated via a purely laparoscopic\\u000a approach using 2-mm instruments, obviating the need for a groin incision. Methods: Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy was performed\\u000a in children ages 4 days to 15 years. A 5-mm laparoscope was inserted through the umbilicus, and two 2-mm needle holders were\\u000a inserted through

C. M. Gorsler; F. Schier

2003-01-01

478

Children, adolescents, and advertising.  

PubMed

Advertising is a pervasive influence on children and adolescents. Young people view more than 40,000 ads per year on television alone and increasingly are being exposed to advertising on the Internet, in magazines, and in schools. This exposure may contribute significantly to childhood and adolescent obesity, poor nutrition, and cigarette and alcohol use. Media education has been shown to be effective in mitigating some of the negative effects of advertising on children and adolescents. PMID:17142547

Strasburger, Victor C

2006-12-01

479

Hypertensive crisis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the\\u000a renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management\\u000a of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it\\u000a is associated with signs

Jayanthi Chandar; Gastón Zilleruelo

480

Brain abscess in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Brain abscess is a serious life-threatening complication of several diseases. The objective of this study was to look at\\u000a the clinical profile of patients, predisposing conditions, microbiology and outcome of children suffering from brain abscess.Methods: Thirty children aged less than 15 years were reviewed. There were 15 males and 15 females. The mean age of presentation\\u000a was 5.6±4.4 years.Results:

Mehnaz Atiq; Umair Syed Ahmed; Salman Saleem Allana; Khalid N. Chishti

2006-01-01

481

Assessing Children's Career Aspirations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past several years, Science and Children has invited preservice and inservice teachers to participate in national studies of students' ideas about scientists (Barman 1997), animals (Barman et al. 2000), and plants (Barman et al. 2003). You are invited to participate in an additional study that will examine children's career aspirations. Your participation in this survey will provide you with an understanding of how your students perceive potential careers.

Plummer, Donna M.

2008-04-01

482

Cranioplasty in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective The objective was to assess the outcome and complications associated with different cranioplasty implant materials in children. Materials and methods A retrospective review was conducted of 28 consecutive cranioplasties carried out on 24 children between 1994 and 2001 (age range, 9 months to 15 years; minimum follow-up 18 months). The indications were: defect from previous craniectomy for trauma, tumour, infection or evacuation

V. A. Josan; S. Sgouros; A. R. Walsh; M. S. Dover; H. Nishikawa; A. D. Hockley

2005-01-01

483

Multimedia and children in Turkey.  

PubMed

Multimedia will be regarded as essential tools for children to create their new world. The effects of television on young children's life have been well studied. Television differs, however, from other media, including the movies, in its pervasive impact on children. Children spend more time watching television than any other activity except sleeping. Overall 31% of children spent at least 4 hours a day watching television during weekday and 71.7% during weekend in Turkey. Television's influence on children is a function of the length of time they spend watching and the cumulative effect of what they see. Television may be a cause as well as a solution for many serious childhood problems. Excessive viewing of television has also been linked to aggressive behavior, violence, childhood obesity. On the other hand, television may act as a socializing agent and as a learning tool if the recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics is learned by pediatricians, parents and broadcasters. The use of home personal computers in urban residence increased from 3.2% in 1993 to 6.5% by January 1998 in Turkey. Around 20% of computer households reported owing a modem. Internet has been using only for 5 years in Turkey. Nearly 40% of computer households also used CD-ROM equipment. The percentage of schools that have a computer laboratory is only 2.64%. On the other hand, multimedia allows students to move away from a uniform education for everyone to assert individual identity, liberalize education and management. It seems likely that, within the next few years, most of the countries with substantial internet infrastructure will use the internet as the major medium for disseminating information, including information on children. To prepare students for such a world demands that educational systems make the best possible use of all knowledge and technologies currently available. PMID:10770073

Tuncer, A M; Yalçin, S S

1999-01-01

484

Dog bites in urban children.  

PubMed

As a result of a perceived increase in pit bull injuries, all children who presented to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia during 1989 for evaluation of dog bite injuries were prospectively studied. Epidemiologic information was collected from parents, either at the time of visit or by phone on the following day. A total of 168 children were enrolled; the mean age was 8 years. Males outnumbered females 1.5:1. Most (61%) injuries occurred in or around the home and involved dogs known to the patient (77%). Types of injuries included abrasions (33%), punctures (29%), and lacerations (38%). Thirteen bites had associated complications; nine developed infection. Twelve (7%) children required admission to the hospital. More than 12 different purebreeds or cross-breeds were identified as perpetrators, including German shepherds (n = 35), pit bulls (n = 33), rottweilers (n = 9), and Dobermans (n = 7). Most (54%) animals were contained (ie, leashed, fenced, in-house) at the time of injury. Fewer (46%) were provoked prior to biting. Significantly more pit bull injuries (94% vs 43%, P less than .001) were the consequence of unprovoked attacks and involved freely roaming animals (67% vs 41%, P less than .01). Children aged 5 or younger were more likely to provoke animals prior to injury than were older children (69% vs 36%, P less than .001). It is recommended that families with young children be the target of pet safety education and that measures be sought that would lead to early identification of a potentially dangerous dog and restrict ownership. PMID:2057274

Avner, J R; Baker, M D

1991-07-01

485

Early Intervention for Preschool Children with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of early intervention for preschool children with learning disabilities examines: (1) definitions of learning disabilities; (2) characteristics of learning-disabled children and children at risk; (3) identification of preschool children at risk; (4) efficacy of early intervention; (4) phases of an early intervention program, including

Gemma, Anna

486

Evidence-Based Therapies for Oppositional Behavior in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this chapter is to present and critically evaluate current evidence-based interventions for oppositional behavior (OB) in young children. Children with OB are typically described by parents and teachers as argumentative, disobedient, disruptive, demanding, and defiant. We have operationalized “young children” as including children between the ages of 3 and 8, thus encompassing the preschool and early

Robert J. McMahon; Julie S. Kotler

487

The View from Down Here: Foster Children's Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foster children have stories and the whole foster care system, including the child, need to hear them. The story metaphor is useful in understanding how foster children perceive and process their world. Stories can help foster children better understand themselves, and help case managers, therapists, foster parents, teachers and policy makers hear these children in order to better attend to

Jason B. Whiting

2000-01-01

488

Families Promoting Travel Skills for Their Children with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests ways that families of children with visual impairments can promote the travel skills of their children. Topics covered include ways to share information during travel, involving children in travel, involving children with nondrivers, helping adolescents who will not drive gain increased independence, and supporting young…

Rosenblum, L. Penny; Corn, Anne L.

2003-01-01

489

Self Representation in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to examine the roles of mental age, social interaction, and communication in self-representation abilities, typically-developing children were compared with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Typically-developing children (TD, n = 66) and children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD, n = 20), including subgroups of autistic…

Carmody, Dennis P.; Lewis, Michael

2012-01-01

490

Families of Children with Mental Retardation: Effective Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discuses the findings of a research study that compared 191 families of children with spina bifida and 145 families of children with mental retardation. Findings include: (1) mothers of children with developmental disabilities (DD) perceived that they experienced more poor health/mood problems than the mothers of children with Spina…

Singh, Delar K.

491

Connecting Children's eCulture to Curriculum: Implications for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the benefits of including "children's eCulture" in school curricula. "Children's eCulture" is the culture of children as it relates to electronics and technology. Integrating children's eCulture into formal learning experiences allows teachers to promote multiple literacies in their students. The article will describe the…

Laverick, Deanna M.

2009-01-01

492

Death Sentences: A Content Analysis of Children's Death Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidimensional concept of death must include biological, sociocultural, and emotional components. Children glean information about death in many ways, one of which is through books. In this study, the authors compared the 3 dimensions of deathrelated information (irreversibility, inevitability, nonfunctionality) in 24 young children's picture books and 16 older children's storybooks. In these death-themed children's books, the primary focus

Devereaux A. Poling; Julie M. Hupp

2008-01-01

493

Referential communication in children with autism spectrum disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referential communication was studied in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) including children with autism and Asperger syndrome. The aim was to study alternative explanations for the children's communicative problems in such situations. Factors studied were theory of mind, IQ, verbal ability and memory. The main results demonstrated diminished performance in children with autism spectrum disorder, mirroring performance in everyday

Svenolof Dahlgren; Annika Dahlgren Sandberg

2008-01-01

494

Maxillofacial fractures in children.  

PubMed

Maxillofacial fractures in Japanese children were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects were 287 patients aged 15 years and younger seeking treatment for maxillofacial fractures in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University. The patients were 186 males and 101 females. Injuries most frequently occurred as a result of traffic accidents in 125 patients, 92 of which were bicycle-related accidents. Injuries by falling from one level to another were found in 49, primarily in younger children. One hundred seventy-nine fractures occurred in the mandible, 100 in the midface, and 8 in both. In the mandible, fractures most frequently occurred in condyle followed by symphysis. In the midface, alveolus was mostly involved. The facial injury severity scale ranged from 1 to 9 with an average of 1.83 and was higher in traffic accidents. Injury to other sites of the body was found in 33 patients, 28 of which occurred in traffic accidents. Observation was most frequently chosen in 84 patients. Intramaxillary fixation was chosen in 79, primarily for alveolar fractures and in younger children. Maxillomandibular fixation was chosen in 62 for mandibular fractures in older children. Open reduction and internal fixation was performed in 40, primarily in older children. The facial injury severity scale was higher in patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation and maxillomandibular fixation. Maxillofacial fractures in Japanese children showed characteristic features primarily depending on their age in terms of etiology, patterns, and treatment modalities. PMID:23348275

Yamamoto, Kazuhiko; Matsusue, Yumiko; Horita, Satoshi; Murakami, Kazuhiro; Sugiura, Tsutomu; Kirita, Tadaaki

2013-01-01

495

Anxiety, Depression, and Irritability in Children with Autism Relative to Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Typical Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maternal ratings of anxiety, depression, and irritability were analyzed in 1390 children (6-16 years of age), including 233 children with high functioning autism (HFA, IQ greater than or equal to 80), 117 children with low functioning autism (LFA, IQ less than 80), 187 typical children, and 853 children with other disorders. As a group, children

Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Murray, Michael J.; Ahuja, Meesha; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

496

Obesity prevention in children.  

PubMed

The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity continues to be unacceptably high and of public health concern in Europe. During childhood and adolescence, environmental factors are the main drivers of obesity development. Obesity is caused by a chronic energy imbalance involving both dietary intake and physical activity patterns. Several risk factors are influencing obesity development, even starting in the prenatal period. From birth, along life, mainly diet and physical activity/inactivity are the most important drivers on top of genetic susceptibility. The first years of life can therefore be crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and on later overweight and obesity. Schools are an attractive and popular setting for implementing interventions for children. Interventions including a community component are considered to be the most effective. Obesity control will require policy interventions to improve the environments that promote poor dietary intake and physical inactivity rather than individually focused interventions. More solid institutional and health policies are needed together with more effective interventions to obtain evident changes for the prevention of excess adiposity among children. PMID:23428690

Moreno, Luis A; Bel-Serrat, Silvia; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M; Rodríguez, Gerardo

2013-02-11

497

Nineteenth Century Children's Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database, maintained by the publishing house of Chadwyck-Healey, Ltd., provides searchable records of the British Library's Children's Literature collection, which contains 2,369 titles on 5,527 fiches. Search parameters include title and complete record keyword, author, subject, publisher, year(s) of publication, microfiche number, and number of records retrieved. (Users may also browse possible search terms for each parameter.) Each entry gives a full bibliographic record for the individual text, including author, uniform title, imprint, place and date of publication, pagination, copy-specific notes, British Library shelfmark, and Fiche quantity and number. The site is part of The Nineteenth Century, a larger collection from Chadwyck-Healey and the British Library that catalogs an impressive array of nineteenth-century texts useful for historical and cultural studies.

498

A Randomized Controlled Study of Parent-assisted Children’s Friendship Training with Children having Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated Children’s Friendship Training (CFT), a manualized parent-assisted intervention to improve social skills\\u000a among second to fifth grade children with autism spectrum disorders. Comparison was made with a delayed treatment control\\u000a group (DTC). Targeted skills included conversational skills, peer entry skills, developing friendship networks, good sportsmanship,\\u000a good host behavior during play dates, and handling teasing. At post-testing, the

Fred Frankel; Robert Myatt; Catherine Sugar; Cynthia Whitham; Clarissa M. Gorospe; Elizabeth Laugeson

2010-01-01

499

Subtypes of Aggression in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Medication Effects and Comparison with Typical Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined aggressive behavior in 6- to 12-year-old children, including 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on stimulant medication, 19 children with ADHD on placebo (n = 19), and 32 controls. Children completed a laboratory provocation task designed to measure hostile, instrumental, reactive, and proactive…

King, Sara; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Pelham, William E.; Frankland, Bradley W.; Corkum, Penny V.; Jacques, Sophie

2009-01-01

500

A comparison of coping strategies used by parents of children with disabilities and parents of children without disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether coping strategies differ in parents of children with disabilities and parents of children without disabilities. Participants consisted of 112 parents, including 50 parents of children with disabilities and 62 parents of children without disabilities. It was hypothesized that coping strategies would be different between the two parent groups. It was also

Angela Paster; David Brandwein; Joanne Walsh

2009-01-01