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1

The management of chronic total coronary occlusions.  

PubMed

Although recent consensus has clearly defined chronic total occlusions (CTO), attempted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains low. Histopathologically, CTOs are characterized by fibrous caps, varying degrees of plaques, and neovascularization, with both increasing with the age of the CTO. Multiple registries and studies show that successful PCI of CTOs can improve symptoms, left ventricular function, and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence that very low restenosis and reocclusion rates can be obtained with drug eluting stents after recanalization of CTOs. PCI should be considered the preferred initial revascularization modality in patients in whom a high procedural success rate may be anticipated. Novel techniques have greatly enhanced procedural success, and include ''parallel'' and ''seesaw'' wire techniques, balloon anchoring, subintimal tracking and reentry (STAR), retrograde approach, contralateral injection, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. Improvements in wire technology have largely been responsible for improved procedural success in PCI of CTO, while application of new technologies hold promise to significantly better outcomes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multislice computed tomography (CT) are already employed in formulating treatment strategies and their role in the treatment of CTOs is likely to increase. PMID:18813187

Cuneo, A; Tebbe, U

2008-10-01

2

Endovascular Recanalization for Chronic Symptomatic Intracranial Vertebral Artery Total Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The outcome of recanalization in patients with chronic symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery (ICVA) total occlusion is poor. This paper reports the technical feasibility and long-term outcome of ICVA stenting in patients with chronic symptomatic total occlusion. Methods. Retrospective review of our prospectively maintained intracranial intervention database to identify patients with symptomatic total occlusion of ICVA with revascularization attempted >1 month after index ischemic event. Results. Eight patients (mean age 58 years) were identified. One had stroke and 7 had recurrent transient ischemic attacks. Four had bilateral ICVA total occlusion and 4 had unilateral ICVA total occlusion with severe stenosis contralaterally. Seven of 8 patients underwent endovascular recanalization, which was achieved in 6. Periprocedural complications included cerebellum hemorrhage, arterial dissection, perforation, and subacute in-stent thrombosis which occurred in 3 patients. One patient died of cerebellum hemorrhage. The other patients improved clinically after endovascular therapy. Conclusions. Stent-supported recanalization of ICVA total occlusion is technically feasible, and may become a viable treatment option in selected patients.

Xu, Ziqi; Ma, Ning; Mo, Dapeng; Wong, Edward Ho chung; Gao, Feng; Jiao, Liqun; Miao, Zhongrong

2014-01-01

3

Current status of percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the current status of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for totally occluded coronary arteries. Chronic total occlusion is associated with 10%–20% of all PCI procedures. Results show that opening an occluded vessel, especially one supplying a considerable area of myocardium, may be beneficial for a patient’s angina relief and heart function. We describe the devices used currently in re-canalization such as new wires, microcatheters (including Tonus and Cosair) and intravascular ultrasound guidance. Different techniques to improve the success rate and reduce complications are discussed in detail. PMID:22843178

Ge, Jun-bo

2012-01-01

4

Advances in the management of coronary chronic total occlusions.  

PubMed

Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) have been called "the last frontier" of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) due to traditionally low success rates and high risk for restenosis and re-occlusion. Recent advances in equipment and crossing techniques have significantly increased CTO PCI success rates while maintaining low risk of complications. Specifically, the retrograde approach and controlled antegrade dissection and re-entry in conjunction with advanced guidewires and microcatheters have significantly improved procedural success rates. Moreover, the introduction of the "hybrid" approach has created a unified framework for operators to approach CTOs in a systematic and efficient fashion. Finally, drug-eluting stents, especially second generation, have improved long-term patency after CTO PCI. PMID:24634196

Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Vo, Minh N; Garcia, Santiago; Michalis, Lampros; Alaswad, Khaldoon; Doshi, Parag; Lombardi, William L; Banerjee, Subhash

2014-06-01

5

Laser atherectomy for balloon failure in chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

Excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) is based on ultraviolet energy and is capable of disintegrating atheroma, without burning or grossly fragmenting it. ELCA has proven effective in the percutaneous treatment of a variety of complex lesions, including chronic total occlusions (CTO) and severely calcified lesions, in case of balloon failure-tocross or failure-to-expand. Here we present a case of a successful CTO recanalization with ELCA after balloon failure, review the literature on this topic, and present an algorithm outlining the management of this challenging clinical scenario. PMID:25297506

Azzalini, Lorenzo; Ly, Hung Q

2014-11-13

6

Use of subclavian steal in treating chronic total subclavian artery occlusion.  

PubMed

Endovascular treatment is a well-established option for subclavian artery stenosis. However, total occlusion of the proximal subclavian artery remains a challenge, posing difficulties of nonvisualization of distal vessels, access site issues, and deployment of vertebral embolism protection devices. A 65-year-old man with chronic total occlusion of the ostial left subclavian artery, underwent successful endovascular stenting in which the subclavian steal phenomenon was utilized as a roadmap to cross the occlusion. PMID:24570565

Goel, Pravin K; Moorthy, Nagaraja

2013-10-01

7

Retrograde approach to coronary chronic total occlusion via an occluded saphenous bypass graft: a case report  

PubMed Central

Key Clinical Message Retrograde coronary intervention of chronic total coronary occlusion remains challenging. We describe a successful retrograde intervention of chronically occluded right coronary artery ostium via an occluded vein graft. An occluded saphenous vein graft can be a useful means to access the distal coronary bed, enabling delivery of retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) equipment. PMID:25356212

Alhejily, Wesam A; Kong, David F; Magnus Ohman, E

2013-01-01

8

Percutaneous Recanalization of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusions: Current Devices and Specialized Wire Crossing Techniques  

PubMed Central

Treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains a challenging obstacle, posing a considerable barrier to achieving successful complete revascularization. By nature of their complexity, percutaneous CTO interventions are associated with lower rates of procedural success, higher complication rates, greater radiation exposure and longer procedure times compared with non-CTO interventions. In the last few years, development in guidewires, devices and the emergence of new techniques from Japanese centers resulted in higher success rates in the hands of experienced operators. The impact of drug eluting stents on restenosis has improved long-term outcomes after successful recanalization. Successful revascularization is associated with improved long-term survival, reduced symptoms, improved left ventricular function and reduced need for coronary bypass surgery. This paper reviews the current devices and specialized crossing techniques of percutaneous intervention to relieve CTOs. PMID:20514329

2010-01-01

9

The Feasibility of Percutaneous Transradial Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusion  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the feasibility of the transradial coronary intervention (TRCI) in 85 consecutive patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). Clinical, angiographic and procedural factors were compared between the success and failure groups. An overall success rate of 65.5% (57 of 87 lesions) was achieved with TRCI, and the most common cause of failure was an inability to pass the lesion with a guidewire. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that the most significant predictor of failure was the duration of occlusion (OR 1.064 per month, 95% CI 1.005 to 1.126, p = 0.03). The procedural success rate improved with use of new-generation hydrophilic guidewires. The 6 Fr guiding catheters were used in the majority of the 70 cases (81%). Five cases were crossed over to a femoral artery approach due to engagement failure of the guiding catheter into the coronary ostium because of severe subclavian tortuosity and stenosis in two cases, radial artery looping in one case, and poor guiding support in two cases. There were no major entry site complications. In conclusion, the radial artery might be a feasible vascular route in coronary interventions for CTO, with comparable procedural success and no access site complications. PMID:17066512

Kim, Jang-Young; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Choe, Hyun-Min; Yoo, Byung-Su; Choe, Kyung-Hoon

2006-01-01

10

The BridgePoint devices to facilitate recanalization of chronic total coronary occlusions through controlled subintimal reentry.  

PubMed

In view of the improved long-term patency with drug-eluting stents, the challenge with chronic total coronary occlusion remains a low primary success rate. Modes of failure to open a chronic total coronary occlusion are mainly related to the inability to pass a wire through the proximal occlusion cap, and the most difficult part of the procedure is to guide the wire into the distal true lumen. A frequent situation is a subintimal wire position. The BridgePoint (BridgePoint Medical, MN, USA) family of devices is designed to cope with both of these problems. First, the CrossBoss™ catheter aims at passing through the proximal cap by manual rotation of a blunt proximal tip, and second, in case of a subintimal position, the Stingray™ balloon enables guided reentry from the subintimal space into the true lumen. Certain features of an occlusion might favor the CrossBoss device, while the reentry approach may also be used as a standalone bailout method. The aim is to provide a means to resolve otherwise failed attempts and to make it unnecessary to resort to the more complex and time-consuming retrograde wire techniques through collateral channels with the associated potential higher procedural risks. PMID:21158537

Werner, Gerald S

2011-01-01

11

Subintimal Angioplasty of Long Chronic Total Femoropopliteal Occlusions: Long-Term Outcomes, Predictors of Angiographic Restenosis, and Role of Stenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The purpose of this article is to report the results of a prospective single-center study analyzing the long-term clinical\\u000a and angiographic outcomes of subintimal angioplasty (SIA) for the treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the femoropopliteal\\u000a artery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and Methods  Patients with severe intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI) were enrolled in the study. All lesions were\\u000a treated with

Dimitris Siablis; Athanasios Diamantopoulos; Konstantinos Katsanos; Stavros Spiliopoulos; George C. Kagadis; Spyros Papadoulas; Dimitris Karnabatidis

12

Intravascular ultrasound-guided recanalization of a coronary chronic total occlusion located in a stent implanted subintimally: a case report.  

PubMed

Successful percutaneous recanalization of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) results in improved survival, as well as enhanced left ventricular function, reduction of angina, and improved exercise tolerance. The procedural success rate has increased over time, but CTO recanalization does still fail in about 20% of cases. Different strategies and specific devices for CTOs have been developed with various degrees of success. We report the case of CTO after a first unsuccessful treatment attempt during which subintimal wire positioning without reentry into the distal lumen, and stent implantation were done. At the second revascularization, intravascular ultrasound guidance allowed reentry of the distal true lumen through the stent, restoring normal flow. PMID:16948452

Surmely, Jean-Francois; Suzuki, Takahiko

2006-08-01

13

Rationale and design of EXPLORE: a randomized, prospective, multicenter trial investigating the impact of recanalization of a chronic total occlusion on left ventricular function in patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, patients with a chronic total occlusion in a non-infarct related artery were recently identified as a high-risk subgroup. It is unclear whether ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients with a chronic total occlusion in a non-infarct related artery should undergo additional percutaneous coronary intervention of the chronic total occlusion on top of optimal

René J van der Schaaf; Bimmer E Claessen; Loes P Hoebers; Niels J Verouden; Jacques J Koolen; Maarten J Suttorp; Emanuele Barbato; Matthijs Bax; Bradley H Strauss; Göran K Olivecrona; Vegard Tuseth; Dietmar Glogar; Truls Råmunddal; Jan G Tijssen; Jan J Piek; José PS Henriques

2010-01-01

14

Chronic Total Occlusion and Successful Drug-Eluting Stent Placement in Takayasu Arteritis-Induced Renal Artery Stenosis  

PubMed Central

Takayasu arteritis-induced renal artery stenosis (TARAS) is a condition rarely described in the literature. Although percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting has been well-described in the treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, its role has not been established in non-atherosclerotic TARAS. We report a case of a female, age 17 years, with Takayasu arteritis who presented to the hospital with seizures and hypertensive crisis. A renal angiogram showed chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left renal artery. Renal angioplasty and stenting was successfully performed after multiple attempts to deliver a wire distal to the CTO. After sequential balloon predilation, a drug-eluting stent was deployed, resulting in full reperfusion of the kidney. The patient’s blood pressure improved dramatically, and patency of the stent was demonstrated with magnetic resonance angiography over 9 months after the procedure. PMID:23656802

Agarwal, Guarav; Vats, Hemender S.; Raval, Amish N.; Yevzlin, Alexander S.; Chan, Micah R.; Gimelli, Giorgio

2013-01-01

15

Dissection and re-entry techniques and longer-term outcomes following successful percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

New techniques involving dissection of the subintimal space and re-entry into the true lumen increase success rates in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, their long-term safety and efficacy were unknown. This study included a series of consecutive patients who underwent CTO PCI. All patients who did not present events were contacted 12 to 18 months after their PCI. The combined incidence of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven target-vessel revascularization (TVR), or reocclusion was assessed as our primary outcome. From January 2010 to January 2013, of 212 CTOs treated in our CTO program, 192 (91%) were successfully opened (in 179 patients). Follow-up data were available for 187 CTOs (97.4%), with 82 (44%) that were opened with dissection re-entry and 105 (56%) with conventional wire escalation techniques. At a median follow-up of 398 days, the primary outcome occurred in 18 of 179 CTOs treated (10.7%), driven by TVR. No patient died from cardiac causes. Eleven CTOs (15.2%) treated with dissection re-entry versus 7 CTOs (7.3%) treated with wire escalation presented with the primary outcome (p = 0.17). With multivariate adjustment, dissection re-entry techniques had no significant impact on outcomes. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion was independently associated with TVR (hazards ratio >6.0, p <0.001). In conclusion, dissection re-entry techniques have minimal impact on long-term outcomes after CTO PCI, which are favorable in most patients. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion and use of sirolimus-eluting stent were predictors of subsequent adverse outcomes. PMID:25242364

Rinfret, Stéphane; Ribeiro, Henrique Barbosa; Nguyen, Can Manh; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Ureña, Marina; Rodés-Cabau, Josep

2014-11-01

16

Multi-Modality Image Fusion to Guide Peripheral Artery Chronic Total Arterial Occlusion Recanalization in a Swine Carotid Artery Occlusion Model: Unblinding the Interventionalist!  

PubMed Central

Objectives To demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to x-ray fluoroscopy (XRF) image fusion to guide peripheral artery chronic total occlusion (CTO) recanalization. Background Endovascular peripheral artery CTO revascularization is minimally invasive, but challenging, because the occlusion is poorly visualized under XRF. Devices may steer out of the artery which can lead to severe perforation. Merging pre-acquired MRI of the CTO to the live XRF display may permit upfront use of aggressive devices and improve procedural outcomes. Methods Swine carotid artery CTO’s were created using a balloon injury model. Up to 8 weeks later, MRI of the carotid arteries was acquired and segmented to create 3D surface models, which were then registered onto live XRF. CTO recanalization was performed using incrementally aggressive CTO devices (Group A) or an upfront aggressive directed laser approach (Group B). Procedural success was defined as luminal or sub-intimal device position without severe perforation. Results In this swine model, MRI to XRF fusion guidance resulted in a procedural success of 57% in Group A and 100% in Group B, which compared favorably to 33% using XRF alone. Fluoroscopy time was significantly less for Group B (8.5 min ± 2.6 min) compared to Group A (48.7 min ± 23.9 min), p value<0.01. Contrast dose used was similar between Groups A and B. Conclusions MRI to XRF fusion guided peripheral artery CTO recanalization is feasible. Multi-modality image fusion may permit upfront use of aggressive CTO devices with improved procedural outcomes compared to XRF guided procedures. PMID:23097307

Klein, Andrew J.; Tomkowiak, Michael T.; Vigen, Karl K.; Hacker, Timothy A.; Speidel, Michael A.; VanLysel, Michael S.; Shah, Nehal; Raval, Amish N.

2012-01-01

17

Procedural outcomes of revascularization of chronic total occlusion of native coronary arteries (from a multicenter United States registry).  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is a rapidly evolving area of interventional cardiology. We sought to examine the immediate procedural and in-hospital clinical outcomes of native coronary artery CTO PCI from a multicenter United States (US) registry. We retrospectively examined the procedural outcomes of 1,361 consecutive native coronary artery CTO PCIs performed at 3 US institutions from January 2006 to November 2011. Mean age was 65 ± 11 years, 85% of patients were men, 40% had diabetes, 37% had previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 42% had previous PCI. The CTO target vessel was the right coronary artery (55%), circumflex (23%), left anterior descending artery (21%), and left main or bypass graft (1%). The retrograde approach was used in 34% of all procedures. The technical and procedural success rates were 85.5% and 84.2%, respectively. The mean procedural time, fluoroscopy time, and contrast utilization were 113 ± 61 minutes, 42 ± 29 minutes, and 294 ± 158 ml, respectively. In multivariate analysis, female gender, no previous coronary artery bypass surgery, and years since initiation of CTO PCI at each center were independent predictors of procedural success. Major complications occurred in 24 patients (1.8%). In conclusion, among selected US-based institutions with experienced operators, native coronary artery CTO PCI can be performed with high success and low major complication rates. PMID:23672987

Michael, Tesfaldet T; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Fuh, Eric; Patel, Vishal G; Mogabgab, Owen; Alomar, Mohammed; Kirkland, Ben L; Lembo, Nicholas; Kalynych, Anna; Carlson, Harold; Banerjee, Subhash; Lombardi, William; Kandzari, David E

2013-08-15

18

Two-year outcome of the self-expandable stent for chronic total occlusion of the iliac artery.  

PubMed

To evaluate the 2-year results obtained with self-expandable stent for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the iliac artery, a retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) for chronic iliac artery CTO who presented from April 2007 to September 2012. 82 patients with 86 occluded iliac arteries underwent successful recanalization and stenting with a self-expandable stent. The primary equivalence end point was a composite of restenosis, mortality, target vessel revascularization, and limb salvage rates. Patients were followed up with the presence of a palpable femoral artery pulse, resolution of symptoms, and noninvasive vascular laboratory testing reviewed at 1, 3, and 6 months after EVT and then were evaluated at 6-month intervals. In patients who gave consent, repeat angiography was done in sixty-one of 86 lesions (70.1 %) for follow-up. The mean follow-up was at 27.6 ± 17.8 months (range 3-60 months). All stents were placed in the true lumen under intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. There were no cases of peripheral embolization or iliac artery rupture after the procedure. The ankle-brachial index increased significantly from 0.55 ± 0.19 to 0.88 ± 0.17 (P < 0.001). The primary patency rate was 96.5 % at 2 years. The MLD immediately after the procedure was 5.10 ± 0.26 mm and increased significantly to 5.40 ± 0.28 mm at the period of follow-up angiography. The 2-year outcome of endovascular therapy with self-expandable stents for CTO of the iliac artery had an acceptable result. PMID:24068528

Araki, Motoharu; Hirano, Keisuke; Nakano, Masatsugu; Ito, Yoshiaki; Ishimori, Hiroshi; Yamawaki, Masahiro; Sasaki, Shinya; Takimura, Hideyuki; Sakamoto, Yasunari; Takama, Takuro; Tsukahara, Reiko; Muramatsu, Toshiya

2014-01-01

19

Guidewires Used in First Intentional Single Wiring Strategy for Chronic Total Occlusions of the Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery  

PubMed Central

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left anterior descending (LAD) specifically is associated with improved long-term 5 year survival as compared to PCI failure. The procedure is associated with usage of different types of dedicated guidewires by simple or complex techniques aiming to reopen the occluded artery. Aim: To describe types and outcome of guidewires used in LAD-CTO utilizing a first intentional single wiring simple strategy. Methods: A single center prospective registry for all consecutive patients with a PCI attempt to a native LAD CTO. The initial strategy for lesion crossing was Single wiring. Results: A total of 30 patients with LAD CTO lesions (100%), were recorded. Mean age was 71.6 + 15 years, 77% were Males, risk factors Hypertension in 63%, Diabetes 27%, Dyslipidemia 57%, smoking 40%, hereditary in 13% of patients. Isolated guidewire (GW) success rate was very high 93%. Single wiring was the prevailing technique used in 97% of successfull lesions (83% of total cases) while only 3% were by multiple wiring techniques. Successful single antegrade wiring represented 63% with a GW success rate of 92% of cases. Successful single retrograde wiring represented 13% with a GW success rate of 67%. Successful Crossing GW types in our patients were 44% Soft Tapered GWs; fielder XT (44%), 36% were Soft Non Tapered Pilot 50 (28%), whisper (8%), while 16% were Stiff Non tapered GWs; Miracle 12 (8%), Miracle 6 (4%), Miracle 3 (4%), and 4% were Stiff Tapered GWs; Progress 200 (4%). Conclusions: Single wiring as an initial strategy in PCI for LAD-CTO lesions has a high success rate and is associated with a 44% majority of Soft Tapered GWs, 36% Soft Non Tapered, 16% Stiff Non tapered GWs, and 4% Stiff Tapered GWs. PMID:23983909

Nassar, Yasser S.; Boudou, Nicolas; Dumonteil, Nicolas; Lhermusier, Thibault; Carrie, Didier

2013-01-01

20

Multimodality Imaging Evaluation of Functional and Clinical Benefits of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Chronic Total Occlusion Lesion  

PubMed Central

Aims: To determine the effects of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on cardiac perfusion, cardiac function, and quality of life in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion in left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Methods and Results: Patients (n=99) with CTO lesion in the LAD coronary artery who had successfully undergone PCI were divided into three groups based on the SPECT/CTCA fusion imaging: (a) no severe cardiac perfusion defects (n=9); (b) reversible cardiac perfusion defects (n=40); or (c) fixed cardiac perfusion defects (n=50). No statistical difference of perfusion abnormality was observed at 6 months and 1 year after PCI in group (a). In group (b), SPECT/CTCA fusion imaging demonstrated that cardiac perfusion abnormality was significantly decreased 6 month and 1 year after PCI. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased significantly at 6 months and 1 year follow up. Quality of life improved at 6 months and 1 year after PCI procedure. Moreover, patients in group (c) also benefited from PCI therapy: a decrease in cardiac perfusion abnormality, an increase in LVEF, and an improvement in quality of life. PCI of coronary arteries in addition to LAD did not significantly affect cardiac function and quality of life improvement in each group. Conclusions: PCI exerts functional and clinical benefits in patients with CTO lesion in LAD coronary artery, particularly in patients with reversible cardiac perfusion defects. SPECT/CTCA fusion imaging may serve as a useful tool to evaluate the outcomes of patients with CTO lesion in LAD coronary artery. PMID:22916078

Sun, Dongdong; Wang, Jing; Tian, Yue; Narsinh, Kazim; Wang, Haichang; Li, Chengxiang; Ma, Xiaowei; Wang, Yabing; Wang, Dongjuan; Li, Chunhong; Wu, Joseph C; Tian, Jie; Cao, Feng

2012-01-01

21

Determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with a chronic total occlusion: a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To study the determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with chronic total occlusions, and to formulate a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients. DESIGN--A retrospective analysis of clinical and angiographic data on a consecutive series of patients. PATIENTS--312 patients (mean age 55, range 31 to 79 years, 86% men) who underwent coronary angioplasty procedure for

K H Tan; N Sulke; N A Taub; E Watts; S Karani; E Sowton

1993-01-01

22

Determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with a chronic total occlusion: a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To study the determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with chronic total occlusions, and to formulate a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients. DESIGN--A retrospective analysis of clinical and angiographic data on a consecutive series of patients. PATIENTS--312 patients (mean age 55, range 31 to 79 years, 86% men) who underwent coronary angioplasty procedure for a chronic total occlusion between 1981 and 1992. RESULTS--Procedural success was achieved in 191 lesions (61.2%). A major complication occurred in six patients (1.9%). Multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis identified the presence of bridging collaterals (p < 0.001), the absence of a tapered entry configuration (p < 0.001), estimated duration of occlusion of greater than three months (p = 0.001), and a vessel diameter of less than 3 mm (p = 0.003) as independent predictors of procedural failure. The logistic regression model was used to classify patients into groups of high, intermediate, and low probability of procedural success with cut off points of 70% and 30%. The predictive value for procedural success (probability > or = 70%) was 91% (95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 83% to 96%) and predictive value for procedural failure (probability < 30%) was 81% (95% CI 64% to 92%). CONCLUSIONS--Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of chronic total occlusions is associated with a low risk of acute complication. Procedural success is influenced by easily identifiable clinical and angiographic features and the multiple regression model described may help to improve selection of patients. PMID:8038021

Tan, K H; Sulke, N; Taub, N A; Watts, E; Karani, S; Sowton, E

1993-01-01

23

Subintimal Angioplasty of Long Chronic Total Femoropopliteal Occlusions: Long-Term Outcomes, Predictors of Angiographic Restenosis, and Role of Stenting  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to report the results of a prospective single-center study analyzing the long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes of subintimal angioplasty (SIA) for the treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the femoropopliteal artery. Materials and Methods: Patients with severe intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI) were enrolled in the study. All lesions were treated with SIA and provisional stenting. Primary end points were technical success, patient survival, limb salvage, lesion primary patency, angiographic binary restenosis (>50%), and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Regular clinical and angiographic follow-up was set at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Study end points were calculated with life-table survival analysis. Proportional-hazards regression analysis with a Cox-model was applied to adjust for confounding factors of heterogeneity. Results: Between May 2004 and July 2009, 98 patients (105 limbs, patient age 69.3 {+-} 9.9 years) were included in the study. Technical success rate was 91.4% with a lesion length of 121 {+-} 77 mm. Limb-salvage and survival rates were 88.7% and 84.1% at 3 years, respectively. After 12, 24, and 36 months, primary patency was 80.1%, 42.3%, and 29.0%, angiographic binary restenosis was 37.2%, 68.6%, and 80.0%, and TLR was 84.8%, 73.0%, and 64.5%, respectively. CLI was the only adverse predictor for decreased primary patency (hazard ratio [HR] 0.36; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16-0.80, p = 0.012), whereas significantly less restenosis was detected after spot stenting of the entry and/or re-entry site (HR 0.31; 95% CI 0.10-0.89, p = 0.01 and HR 0.20; 95% CI 0.07-0.56, p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: Subintimal angioplasty is a safe and effective revascularization technique for the treatment of CTOs of the femoropopliteal artery. Provisional stenting may have a role at the subintimal entry or true lumen re-entry site.

Siablis, Dimitris, E-mail: siablis@upatras.gr; Diamantopoulos, Athanasios; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Spiliopoulos, Stavros [Patras University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Angiography Suite (Greece); Kagadis, George C. [Patras School of Medicine, Department of Medical Physics (Greece); Papadoulas, Spyros [Patras University Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (Greece); Karnabatidis, Dimitris [Patras University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Angiography Suite (Greece)

2012-06-15

24

Association of increased serum glycated albumin levels with low coronary collateralization in type 2 diabetic patients with stable angina and chronic total occlusion  

PubMed Central

Background We investigated whether serum glycated albumin (GA) levels are related to coronary collateralization in type 2 diabetic patients with chronic total occlusion. Methods Blood levels of GA and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were determined in 317 diabetic and 117 non-diabetic patients with stable angina and angiographic total occlusion of at least one major coronary artery. The degree of collaterals supplying the distal aspect of a total occlusion from the contra-lateral vessel was graded as low (Rentrop score of 0 or 1) or high collateralization (Rentrop score of 2 or 3). Results For diabetic patients, GA (21.2?±?6.5% vs. 18.7?±?5.6%, P??65 years, smoke, non-hypertension, duration of diabetes?>?10 years, metabolic syndrome, eGFR??18.3% were independently determinants for low collateralization in diabetic patients. Conclusions Increased GA levels in serum are associated with impaired collateral growth in type 2 diabetic patients with stable angina and chronic total occlusion. PMID:24209601

2013-01-01

25

The innovation of composite core dual coil coronary guide-wire technology: A didactic coronary chronic total occlusion revascularization case report.  

PubMed

The treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) continues to solicit technical innovations. As success primarily depends on crossing the lesion with a wire, all aspects regarding tip shape retention, torque precision, and penetration ability of the guide-wire have greatly influenced new techniques and strategies. The world of interventional cardiology has to look carefully at these developments, and to use them accordingly to improve the success rate in ordinary percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a didactical case report of a CTO revascularization treated with a new 'dual core' technology guide-wire. PMID:25278725

Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Giudice, Pietro; Attisano, Tiziana; Boukhris, Marouane; Galassi, Alfredo R

2014-10-01

26

The innovation of composite core dual coil coronary guide-wire technology: A didactic coronary chronic total occlusion revascularization case report  

PubMed Central

The treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) continues to solicit technical innovations. As success primarily depends on crossing the lesion with a wire, all aspects regarding tip shape retention, torque precision, and penetration ability of the guide-wire have greatly influenced new techniques and strategies. The world of interventional cardiology has to look carefully at these developments, and to use them accordingly to improve the success rate in ordinary percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a didactical case report of a CTO revascularization treated with a new ‘dual core’ technology guide-wire.

Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Giudice, Pietro; Attisano, Tiziana; Boukhris, Marouane; Galassi, Alfredo R.

2014-01-01

27

[Treating chronic occlusive arterial disease].  

PubMed

The basis for the treatment of chronic occlusive arterial disease, in whatever stage, is the management of the cardiovascular risk factors as a secondary preventive measure. In the absence of contraindications, every symptomatic POAD patient should be given an antiplatelet agent. In stage I disease, prevention of progression is the overriding aim. In stage II, risk factor management and an antiplatelet agent are indicated. In addition to a walking exercise program, the reconstruction of occluded vessels may be indicated. The decision to apply interventional treatment or vascular surgery in stage II and IV disease; must be based on the morphology of the vascular lesion and concomitant diseases. If revascularization is not possible, treatment with PGE1 is recommended. As a life-saving measure when all else has failed, an amputation must be done. PMID:15934585

Rottman, M; Koepchen, J; Angelkort, B

2005-05-01

28

Surgery for isolated non-inflammatory chronic total occlusion of the left main coronary artery: a case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a rare manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and defined by a total absence of antegrade blood flow to the left anterior descending (LAD) and circumflex (Cx) system. Patients are at high risk of myocardial ischaemia as a sizeable area of myocardium is at risk and thus require urgent intervention. Surgery is the treatment of choice especially with CTO lesions as percutaneous coronary intervention has limited success with a high restenosis rate. We report a rare case of a young Chinese male who presented acutely with a myocardial infarction and discuss the aetiology and peri-operative technical considerations for successful surgery with this condition. PMID:22299565

Azam, Ahmad Fithri; How, Leow Ann; Nor, Arif; Badmanaban, Balaji; Sachithanandan, A

2011-10-01

29

The age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score to risk stratify patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

Age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score predict clinical outcomes in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of nonocclusive coronary stenoses. We aimed at assessing the prognostic value of the ACEF score in patients who underwent successful PCI of chronic total occlusion (CTO). ACEF score was calculated in 587 patients treated with PCI of CTO: successful in 433 (74%; success group) and failed in 154 patients (26%; failure group). Patients were divided in ACEF tertiles: first <0.950, second from 0.950 to 1.207, and third ACEF tertile >1.207. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE = overall death + nonfatal myocardial infarction + clinically driven target vessel revascularization) were assessed in 558 patients (95%) up to 24 months (8 to 24 months). In success group, higher MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (first = 7%, second = 13%, third ACEF = 18%, p = 0.02). MACE-free survival was significantly decreased with increasing ACEF tertile (log-rank 5.58, p = 0.018). In the failure group, lower MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (p = 0.041). This was mainly driven by significant decreasing rate of target vessel revascularization along the tertiles (first = 34%, second = 19%, third ACEF = 10%, p = 0.007). Compared with success group, in failure group, MACE rate was significantly higher in the first tertile (p <0.001) and similar in the third tertile (p = 0.59). In conclusion, ACEF score represents a simple tool in the prognostication of patients successfully treated with PCI of CTO and identifies those patients who would not derive any significant clinical harm despite failed percutaneous revascularization of the CTO. PMID:25152423

Di Serafino, Luigi; Borgia, Francesco; Maeremans, Joren; Pyxaras, Stylianos A; De Bruyne, Bernard; Wijns, William; Heyndrickx, Guy; Dens, Jo; Di Mario, Carlo; Barbato, Emanuele

2014-10-15

30

Evaluation of the Effect of Concurrent Chronic Total Occlusion and Successful Staged Revascularization on Long-Term Mortality in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction  

PubMed Central

Aims. To investigate the impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in non-infarct-related artery (IRA) on the long-term prognosis and evaluate the clinical significance of staged revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods. 1266 STEMI patients with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were categorized as single-vessel disease (SVD), multivessel disease (MVD) without and with CTO. We study the clinical outcomes of patients after primary PCI in the following 3 years. Additionally, patients with CTO received staged revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during 3-year follow-up were recorded. Results. Presence of CTO was a predictor of both early mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.4–4.5, P < 0.01] and late mortality (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.4–3.6, P < 0.01), whereas MVD without CTO was only a predictor of early mortality (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.3–2.3, P < 0.05). In CTO group, 100 patients had successful CTO recanalization, and 48 patients failed. During 3-year follow-up, patients with failed procedure had higher cardiac mortality (22.9% versus 9.0%, P = 0.020) and lower MACE-free survival (50.0% versus 72.0%, P = 0.009) compared to patients with successful procedure. Conclusion. The presence of CTO and not MVD alone is associated with long-term mortality. Successful revascularization of CTO in the non-IRA is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. PMID:24790581

Shi, Guoxiang; He, Pengcheng; Liu, Yuanhui; Lin, Yaowang; Yang, Xing; Chen, Jiyuan; Zhou, Yingling; Tan, Ning

2014-01-01

31

Balloon Occlusion of the Contralateral Iliac Artery to Assist Recanalization of the Ipsilateral Iliac Artery in Total Aortoiliac Occlusion: A Technical Note  

PubMed Central

Endovascular recanalization of chronic total aortoiliac occlusion is technically challenging. Inability to reenter the true aortic lumen, following retrograde iliac recanalization, is one of the most common causes of failure. We describe a case of a total aortoiliac occlusion where balloon occlusion of the right common iliac artery, following its recanalization from a brachial approach, was used to facilitate antegrade recanalization of the occluded contralateral left common iliac artery. PMID:23762730

Jaffan, Abdel Aziz A.

2013-01-01

32

Sharp Recanalization for Chronic Left Iliac Vein Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

Endovascular treatment has emerged as a first-line treatment for venous occlusions, but is sometimes challenging with conventional approaches. This article describes a helpful technique using a Roesch-Uchida needle to cross a chronic occlusion of the iliac vein when conventional techniques have failed.

Ito, Nobutake, E-mail: nobutake@rad.med.keio.ac.jp; Isfort, Peter; Penzkofer, Tobias [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital (Germany); Grommes, Jochen; Greiner, Andreas [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital (Germany); Mahnken, Andreas [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital (Germany)

2012-08-15

33

Intravascular cell delivery device for therapeutic VEGF-induced angiogenesis in chronic vascular occlusion.  

PubMed

Site specific targeting remains elusive for gene and stem cell therapies in the cardiovascular field. One promising option involves use of devices that deliver larger and more sustained cell/gene payloads to specific disease sites using the versatility of percutaneous vascular access technology. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) engineered to deliver high local concentrations of an angiogenic molecule (VEGF) were placed in an intravascular cell delivery device (ICDD) in a porcine model of chronic total occlusion (CTO) involving ameroid placement on the proximal left circumflex (LCx) artery. Implanted SMC were retained within the ICDD and were competent for VEGF production in vitro and in vivo. Following implantation, micro-CT analyses revealed that ICDD-VEGF significantly enhanced vasa vasora microvessel density with a concomitant increase in tissue VEGF protein levels and formation of endothelial cell colonies suggesting increased angiogenic potential. ICDD-VEGF markedly enhanced regional blood flow determined by microsphere and contrast CT analysis translating to a functional improvement in regional wall motion and global left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function. Our data indicate robust, clinically relevant angiogenesis can be achieved in a human scale porcine chronic vascular occlusion model following ICDD-VEGF-based delivery of angiogenic cells. This may have implications for percutaneous delivery of numerous therapeutic factors promoting creation of microvascular bypass networks in chronic vaso-occlusive diseases. PMID:25096850

Kumar, Arun H S; Martin, Kenneth; Doyle, Brendan; Huang, Chien-Ling; Pillai, Gopala-Krishnan M; Ali, Mohammed T; Skelding, Kimberly A; Wang, Shaohua; Gleeson, Birgitta M; Jahangeer, Saleem; Ritman, Erik L; Russell, Stephen J; Caplice, Noel M

2014-10-01

34

Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Iliac Artery Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of recanalization of chronic occluded iliac arteries with balloon angioplasty and stent placement.Methods: Sixty-nine occluded iliac arteries (mean length 8.1 cm; range 4-16 cm) in 67 patients were treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement. Evaluations included clinical assesment according to Fontaine stages, Doppler examinations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and bilateral lower extremity arteriograms. Wallstent and Cragg vascular stents were inserted for iliac artery recanalization under local anesthesia. Follow-up lasted 1-83 months (mean 29.5 months).Results: Technical success rate was 97.1% (67 of 69). The mean ABI increased from 0.46 to 0.85 within 30 days after treatment and was 0.83 at the most recent follow-up. Mean hospitalization time was 2 days and major complications included arterial thrombosis (3%), arterial rupture (3%) and distal embolization (1%). During follow-up 6% stenosis and 9% thrombosis of the stents were observed. Clinical improvement occurred in 92% of patients. Primary and secondary patency rates were 75% and 95%, respectively.Conclusion: The long-term patency rates and clinical benefits suggest that percutaneous endovascular revascularization with metallic stents is a safe and effective treatment for patients with chronic iliac artery occlusion.

Carnevale, F. C. [Institute of Radiology, University of Sao Paulo, Department of Interventional Radiology (Brazil)], E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br; De Blas, Mariano; Merino, Santiago; Egana, Jose M. [Hospital De Guipuzcoa, Department of Radiology (Spain); Caldas, Jose G.M.P. [Institute of Radiology, University of Sao Paulo, Department of Interventional Radiology (Brazil)

2004-09-15

35

Infarct size and regional perfusion following coronary occlusion in the chronically sympathectomized canine ventricle  

E-print Network

INFARCT SIZE AND REGIONAL PERFUSION FOLLOWING CORONARY OCCLUSION IN THE CHRONICALLY SYMPATHECTOMIZED CANINE VENTRICLE A Thesis by LINDA YVONNE BECK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Sub)set: Biology INFARCT SIZE AND REGIONAL PERFUSION FOLLOWING CORONARY OCCLUSION IN THE CHRONICALLY SYMPATHECTOMIZED CANINE VENTRICLE A Thesis by LINDA YVONNE BECK Approved as to style...

Beck, Linda Yvonne

2012-06-07

36

Pulsatile Tinnitus: A Symptom of Chronic Subclavian Artery Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: We report the unusual case of pulsatile tinnitus caused by muscular branches of the occipital artery, which developed to supply the distal vertebral artery after sub- clavian artery occlusion. Anatomical findings and options of endovascular treatment are discussed. To our knowl- edge, subclavian artery occlusion causing an objective tin- nitus has not been reported. Pulsatile tinnitus is a rare

Marcio Francisco Lehmann; Charbel Mounayer; Goetz Benndorf; Michel Piotin; Jacques Moret

37

Improved global and regional left ventricular function after angioplasty for chronic coronary occlusion.  

PubMed

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty can be performed safely and effectively in patients with chronic total coronary occlusion. To investigate the effect on left ventricular function, global and regional left ventricular ejection fraction were analyzed by contrast angiography in 49 patients before and 10 +/- 6 weeks after successful recanalization. Coronary angiography at follow-up showed reocclusion in 12 patients (24%). In 37 patients with patent arteries global ejection fraction increased from 55.8 +/- 7.1% at baseline to 62.5 +/- 11.3% at follow-up (P < 0.001), and regional wall motion assessed by the centerline method improved from -1.7 +/- 1.0 to -0.6 +/- 1.5 standard deviations/chord (P < 0.001). In contrast, in patients with reocclusion neither global ejection fraction nor regional wall motion were significantly different at follow-up compared with baseline. Changes in global or regional left ventricular function after coronary recanalization were unrelated to other parameters such as severity of angina, duration of occlusion, history of myocardial infarction, presence or absence of visible collaterals, or baseline left ventricular function. Thus in patients with primarily successful recanalization of chronically occluded coronary arteries persistent vessel patency is the major determinant of global and regional improvement of left ventricular function. PMID:7950155

Engelstein, E; Terres, W; Hofmann, D; Hansen, L; Hamm, C W

1994-06-01

38

Revascularization of vertebrobasilar artery occlusion at the chronic stage.  

PubMed

We describe a patient who underwent intracranial angioplasty and Solitaire stent placement for recanalization of a vertebrobasilar artery occlusion 2 months after symptom onset. Computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography showed that both vertebral arteries and the proximal basilar artery were occluded. Balloon angioplasty was performed on a segment of the occluded left vertebral artery and basilar artery, followed by successful detachment of one Solitaire stent. Repeat angiography showed near normal patency of the left vertebrobasilar artery. The patient`s symptoms improved significantly, and postoperative transcranial Doppler sonography 3 months later showed no evidence of in-stent restenosis. PMID:23887219

Liu, Xun-Can; Chen, Chen; Shi, Ming-Chao; Wang, Shou-Chun

2013-07-01

39

Wire-Probing Technique to Revascularize Subacute or Chronic Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Summary During endovascular revascularization of subacute and chronic occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) it may be difficult to penetrate the lesion. Selecting the appropriate “true lumen”, a remnant of what had been the arterial lumen, at the initial step may facilitate the procedure. Because plaque at the carotid bifurcation is known to propagate from the posterior wall, a gateway to this “true lumen” should exist in the anterior side of the occluded stump. This hypothesis was studied retrospectively in our series of revascularizing ICA subacute and chronic occlusion. Eleven patients underwent endovascular revascularization for symptomatic cervical ICA occlusion. Procedures were performed by initially penetrating the occluded stump with a guidewire, followed by supporting catheter advancement through the occluded segment to secure the distal normal arterial lumen. Cases were analyzed with regard to the location of initial guidewire penetration. Eight patients underwent successful revascularization. In five cases, the entry point to the occluded stump was located at the anterior side, and in three, at the posterior side. Two posterior stump penetration cases were met with resistance in guidewire advancement, whereas penetration was smooth in the anterior cases. In addition, two posterior stump penetration cases resulted in contrast stasis in the posterior ICA wall. In our series of revascularizing cervical ICA subacute and chronic occlusion, initially targeting the anterior side of the occluded stump resulted in favorable results. This may be the result of selecting the “true lumen” at the beginning of the procedure. PMID:22958767

Namba, K.; Shojima, M.; Nemoto, S.

2012-01-01

40

Chronic effort-induced angina as presentation of a totally occluded left main coronary artery: a case report and review.  

PubMed

In this report, the case of a 40-year-old patient with chronic total occlusion of the left main coronary artery is discussed. Total occlusion of the left main coronary artery is a rare finding at coronary angiography. When present, patients most often have extensive collateral circulation from the right coronary artery. The mainstay of treatment is surgical with coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:18388044

Koster, Nancy K; White, Michael

2009-01-01

41

Surgical femorocaval bypass for treating chronic iliac vein occlusion: a case report  

PubMed Central

Chronic inferior vena cava and iliac vein occlusion, caused by long-term of deep venous thrombosis, will lead to swelling of the limbs, venous claudication and intractable ulcer. However, conservative treatment is often ineffective for vein occlusion. With the development of interventional techniques, endovascular therapy has become the first choice for the treatment of vein occlusion with higher success rate and lower trauma. However, for cases those fail endovascular therapy or for segmental veno-occlusive diseases with low long-term patency rate, venous bypass might be the only option. And, design of anastomotic stoma and orificium fistulae design is crucial to the success of operation. A case of long term deep venous thrombosis patient with occlusion in bilateral iliac vein and distal inferior vena cava was admitted and treated with interventional therapy. Unfortunately, this method failed. Then, we selected reasonable anastomotic stoma and orificium fistulae and performed femorocaval bypass. The 12 month follow-up results showed that the swelling was successively relieved and the ulcer healed. This indicated that rational anastomotic stoma and orificium fistulae could guarantee the exact clinical efficacy of venous bypass and higher long-term patency rate.

Hao, Qingzhi; Ma, Ruiping; Kang, Yanmeng; Chen, Bainan; Wang, Bin; Zheng, Yuehong

2014-01-01

42

Total body irradiation in chronic myeloid leukemia  

SciTech Connect

Total body irradiation (TBI), given as 10 rad daily for five days a week for a total dose of 150 rad has been used in an attempt to control the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Thirteen patients with CML received fractionated TBI leading to rapid and good control of WBC count without any adverse reaction. The chronic phase of CML could also be controlled with TBI, even in three patients who were resistant to busulfan. Following TBI, WBC count remained under control for a period of 32 weeks as compared to 40 weeks following vusulfan alone. Repeat TBI was also well tolerated with good response. It appears that TBI is an effective and safe therapy for controlling the chronic phase of CML.

Advani, S.H.; Dinshaw, K.A.; Nair, C.N.; Ramakrishnan, G.

1983-04-01

43

Duplex ultrasound assisted endovascular revascularization of chronic internal carotid artery occlusion: technical note  

PubMed Central

Carotid artery occlusion is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. Endovascular treatment of carotid artery occlusion in high-risk patients offers a therapeutic option to reduce subsequent ischemic events. The technical success and avoidance of complications of the endovascular recanalization of occluded carotid artery is contingent on proper visualization of the vessel wall. To highlight the value of duplex ultrasound guidance, we herein described the procedural details of the use of ultrasound guidance for characterization and visualization of the endovascular devices as well as the vessel wall during endovascular revascularization. Patient was a 54-year-old woman, diagnosed with carotid occlusion with recurrent symptomatic episodes. Endovascular revascularization was successfully performed by ultrasound assistance upon traversing the occluded segment and accurate deployment of stent. The patient was followed for 3 months and has not experienced any ischemic symptoms. Duplex ultrasound guidance helps preventing the vessel wall injury and dissection during revascularization of chronically occluded carotid artery. Ultrasound guidance may improve the outcomes of the endovascular procedures in high-risk patients with carotid occlusion. PMID:24358416

Rostambeigi, Nassir; Khatri, Rakesh; Hassan, Ameer E.; Qureshi, Adnan I.

2013-01-01

44

The Benefits of Internal Thoracic Artery Catheterization in Patients With Chronic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

Occlusion of the abdominal aorta may be caused by an embolic lesion, but more commonly by thrombotic disease at the aortoiliac area, progressing retrograde. However, the visualization of the distal run-off via internal thoracic-epigastric inferior artery collateral channel may be a very important diagnostic tool, especially in countries with poor technical equipment. This study was designed to show the benefit of the selective internal thoracic angiography in cases with complete aortic occlusion. We present 30 patients with chronic aortic abdominal occlusion who were submitted to the transaxillary aortography and selective ITA angiography with purpose of distal run off evaluation. Angiographic evaluation was performed by two independent radiologists according to previously defined classification. Good angiographic score via internal thoracic angiography by first observer was achieved in 19 (63.3%) patients and in 18 (60%) by a second observer. Transaxillary aortography showed inferior results: good angiographic score by the first observer in six (20%) patients and by the second observer in three (3%) patients. Low extremity run-off is better visualized during internal thoracic angiography than during transaxillary aortography.

Ilic, Nikola, E-mail: fosafosa75@yahoo.com; Davidovic, Lazar; Koncar, Igor; Dragas, Marko; Markovic, Miroslav; Colic, Momcilo; Cinara, Ilijas [Clinical Center Serbia, Clinic of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Serbia)

2011-04-15

45

Kissing iliac artery stent technique for salvage of a total occlusion of a jailed common iliac artery.  

PubMed

A 70-year-old female was admitted to our hospital due to claudication of the left leg. The patient was diagnosed with peripheral artery disease and received endovascular therapy (EVT) with a stent implanted in the right common iliac artery (CIA) at another hospital 3 months earlier. The left CIA was jailed by the stent. We performed EVT for the chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the jailed left CIA. A kissing-stent strategy was selected because the strut could not be fully opened. The wire was crossed through the stent strut, since passing the wire outside of the stent was problematic. A balloon was dilated at the stent strut and further inserted while dilated in order to create a space between the implanted stent and opposite aorta wall. Finally, a wire was successfully crossed outside of the stent in this space. A balloon-expandable stent was implanted at the aorta to left CIA in order to perform the kissing-stent technique. Additionally, a self-expandable stent was deployed at the left external iliac artery. To facilitate kissing-stent technique for a jailed CIA CTO lesion, inserting the balloon while inflated at the bifurcation was useful to create space for advancing the guidewire along the stent. PMID:24610512

Ishizuka, Shuichi; Habara, Maoto; Nasu, Kenya

2014-03-01

46

Positive outcome of occlusal freeway space reestablishment in patients with medication overuse due to chronic migraine.  

PubMed

Considering the great chapter of migraines, it is important to note the signs and symptoms caused by an alteration of the relationship of the facial musculature and the occlusal freeway space (FWS) that is the distance from maximal intercuspation to the habitual rest position (measurable in 1.4-2.5 mm). To any mandible position changing (detected by periodontal, muscle and joint proprioceptors), there is an influence on the neuromuscular system and then an alteration of the FWS. A group of 60 patients with chronic migraine (CM) underwent a withdrawal of overused medication and were subjected to electromyographic and kinesiographic evaluation. All those who presented an alteration of the FWS at rest position have been subjected to treatment with orthosis device for about 12 months. The aim of our work is to obtain and define a correct mandibular position, physiological, in agreement with the neuromuscular structures of the patient. Clinical results obtained on this pool of patients, in terms of reduction of the VAS, let us understand the importance of the inviolability of the FWS and to eliminate any type of mandibular deviation with respect to the closure trajectory induced by TENS in patients suffering from CM. PMID:23695073

Didier, H; Marchetti, C; Marchetti, A; D'Amico, D; Tullo, V; Proietti Cecchini, A; Di Fiore, P; Bussone, G; Santoro, F

2013-05-01

47

Total sleep deprivation, chronic sleep restriction and sleep disruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sleep loss may result from total sleep deprivation (such as a shift worker might experience), chronic sleep restriction (due to work, medical conditions or lifestyle) or sleep disruption (which is common in sleep disorders such as sleep apnea or restless legs syndrome). Total sleep deprivation has been widely researched, and its effects have been well described. Chronic sleep restriction and

Amy C. Reynolds; Siobhan Banks

2010-01-01

48

Direct photocoagulation to leakage points to treat chronic macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Summary statement Direct photocoagulation reduces the central foveal thickness (CFT) in cases with chronic branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) of longer than 12 months duration. Photo-coagulation might be effective for chronic macular edema due to branch retinal vein occlusion. Background The aim was to investigate the effect of direct photocoagulation for treating chronic macular edema associated with BRVO. Methods This study was a noncomparative, pilot interventional case series. We examined the CFT and best-corrected visual acuity over 6 months in patients with BRVO treated with direct photocoagulation. Results Sixteen eyes of 16 patients had been treated with direct photocoagulation (mean follow-up period, 20.5 months). The mean CFT decreased significantly (P<0.001) between the baseline (465 ?m) and the final visit (304 ?m). The mean (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution equivalent) best-corrected visual acuity at the baseline was 0.39 and improved significantly (P<0.001) to 0.20 at the final visit. Conclusion Direct photocoagulation to leakage points is beneficial for treating chronic macular edema associated with chronic BRVO of longer than 12 months duration. PMID:25336905

Sakimoto, Susumu; Kamei, Motohiro; Sakaguchi, Hirokazu; Suzuki, Mihoko; Matsumura, Nagakazu; Nishida, Kentaro; Nishida, Kohji

2014-01-01

49

Upper limb artery segmental occlusions due to chronic use of ergotamine combined with itraconazole, treated by thrombolysis  

PubMed Central

Background The ergotamine tartrate associated with certain categories of drugs can lead to critical ischemia of the extremities. Discontinuation of taking ergotamine is usually sufficient for the total regression of ischemia, but in some cases it could be necessary thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapy to avoid amputation. Case report A woman of 62 years presented with a severe pain left forearm appeared 10 days ago, with a worsening trend. The same symptoms appeared after 5 days also in the right forearm. Physical examination showed the right arm slightly hypothermic, with radial reduced pulse in presence of reduced sensitivity. The left arm was frankly hypothermic, pulse less on radial and with an ulnar humeral reduced pulse, associated to a decreased sensitivity and motility. Clinical history shows a chronic headache for which the patient took a daily basis for years Cafergot suppository (equivalent to 3.2 mg of ergotamine). From about ten days had begun therapy with itraconazole for vaginal candidiasis. The Color-Doppler ultrasound shown arterial thrombosis of the upper limbs (humeral and radial bilateral), with minimal residual flow to the right and no signal on the humeral and radial left artery. Results Angiography revealed progressive reduction in size of the axillary artery and right humeral artery stenosis with right segmental occlusions and multiple hypertrophic collateral circulations at the elbow joint. At the level of the right forearm was recognizable only the radial artery, decreased in size. Does not recognize the ulnar, interosseous artery was thin. To the left showed progressive reduction in size of the distal subclavian and humeral artery, determined by multiple segmental steno-occlusion with collateral vessels serving only a thin hypotrophic interosseous artery. Arteriographic findings were compatible with systemic drug-induced disease. The immediate implementation of thrombolysis, continued for 26 hours, with heparin in continuous intravenous infusion and subsequent anticoagulant therapy allowed the gradual disappearance of the symptoms with the reappearance of peripheral pulses. Conclusion Angiography showed regression of vasospasm and the resumption of flow in distal vessels. The patient had regained sensitivity and motility in the upper limbs and bilaterally radial and ulnar were present. PMID:21878097

2011-01-01

50

Surgical treatment of chronic occlusive disease of the enteric visceral branches of the abdominal aorta. Experience with 119 operations.  

PubMed Central

Whenever abdominal circulatory disorders are caused by obstruction of the abdominal aortic visceral branches, adequate blood flow may be restored only by surgical intervention. With the development of symptoms suggesting inadequate collateral circulation and disturbance of splanchnic blood supply, operation is indicated. The choice of operation depends on the nature and the cause of the disease and the type of occlusion. With intravascular obstruction, correction of blood flow may be achieved by a reconstructive procedure. In many patients with extravascular compression of the celiac artery, adequate flow is restored by simple external decompression. The present communication is based on experience with 119 operations, 102 reconstructive and 17 decompressive. Of the 102 reconstructive procedures, 94 were complex with one-stage revascularization of several arteries. Transaortic endarterectomy as described in our method of choice although with widespread lesions resection and replacement is preferred. A thoracolumbar approach is the most expedient incision for reconstruction. The results obtained provide evidence for the effectiveness of surgical treatment of chronic occlusive disease of the visceral branches of the abdominal aorta. PMID:7352776

Pokrovsky, A V; Kasantchjan, P O

1980-01-01

51

Lung Reperfusion Injury after Chronic or Acute Unilateral Pulmonary Artery Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because the lungs receive their blood supply from both the pulmonary and bronchial systems, chronic pulmonary artery obstruction does not necessarily result in severe ischemia. Ischemia-reper- fusion (IR) lung injury may therefore be attenuated after long-term pulmonary artery obstruction. To test this hypothesis, isolated left lungs of pigs were reperfused two days (acute IR group) or 5 wk (chronic IR

ELIE FADEL; GUY-MICHEL MAZMANIAN; ALAIN CHAPELIER; BRUNO BAUDET; HÉLÈNE DETRUIT; JEAN-MARIE LIBERT; MYRIAM WARTSKI; PHILIPPE HERVE; PHILIPPE DARTEVELLE

52

Permanent, bilateral common carotid artery occlusion in the rat: a model for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion-related neurodegenerative diseases.  

PubMed

Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion has been associated with cognitive decline in aging and Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, the pattern of cerebral blood flow in mild cognitive impairment has emerged as a predictive marker for the progression into Alzheimer's disease. The reconstruction of a pathological condition in animal models is a suitable approach to the unraveling of causal relationships. For this reason, permanent, bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries (2VO) in rats has been established as a procedure to investigate the effects of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion on cognitive dysfunction and neurodegenerative processes. Over the years, the 2VO model has generated a large amount of data, revealing the 2VO-related pattern of cerebral hypoperfusion and metabolic changes, learning and memory disturbances, failure of neuronal signaling, and the neuropathological changes in the hippocampus. In addition, the model has been introduced in research into ischemic white matter injury and ischemic eye disease. The present survey sets out to provide a comprehensive summary of the achievements made with the 2VO model, and a critical evaluation and integration of the various results, and to relate the experimental data to human diseases. The data that have accumulated from use of the 2VO model in the rat permit an understanding of the causative role played by cerebral hypoperfusion in neurodegenerative diseases. Thorough characterization of the model suggests that 2VO in the rat is suitable for the development of potentially neuroprotective strategies in neurodegenerative diseases. PMID:17296232

Farkas, Eszter; Luiten, Paul G M; Bari, Ferenc

2007-04-01

53

Efficacy of new filter suction to decrease the rate of occlusion and total suction time in a simulated total hip replacement operation  

PubMed Central

Background During orthopedic operations, such as total hip replacement or total knee replacement, there is a lot of bone debris from bone cutting and reaming that commonly causes surgical suction devices to occlude many times, which can prolong the operative time and increase the amount of bleeding for the patient. Materials and methods We developed a surgical filter suction system that we call the VY suction tube. The suction tube assembly consists of a tube filter within a housing assembly. The filter pore size was designed to prevent tissue or bone debris from passing through the filter, though it allows fluid to pass through. A simulated total hip replacement operation was performed to test the efficacy of this new suction device when compared with two other types of tube suction devices. Results The VY suction tube showed that the mean duration to remove all fluid from a simulated field was significantly shorter than the Pool suction tube (P=0.0009) and Frazier suction tube (P=0.0012). The study also showed that the VY suction tube has a lower rate of occlusion when compared with the Pool suction tube (P?0.0001) and Frazier suction tube (P?0.0001). Conclusion Our new suction tube design shows good efficacy when removing fluid and debris from a simulated operative field. However, further studies in real clinical settings are needed. PMID:24470778

Yuenyongviwat, Varah; Iamthanaporn, Khanin; Hongnaparak, Theerawit; Tangtrakulwanich, Boonsin

2014-01-01

54

[Evaluation of cerebral metabolism by multi-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging in chronic unilateral internal carotid artery occlusion].  

PubMed

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy(1H-MRS) has less been used to analyze cerebral metabolism in ischemic lesions compared to single photon emission computed tomography or positron emission computed tomography. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging apparatus and the related software have made possible obtaining multi-voxel 1H-MRS in a single study. We examined multi-voxel 1H-MRS in patients with unilateral internal carotid artery(ICA) occlusion to study the relationship between cerebral metabolism and cerebral blood flow. Fifteen patients(male 11; female 4, 47-76; average 67.1 year-old) with chronic unilateral ICA occlusion and without any marked infarction were studied. 1H-MRS was obtained using a 1.5 T Siemens Magnetom Vision scanner. Multi-voxel spectra were recorded using a SE-2 D-CSI sequence(TR/TE = 1500/135 ms). The volume of interest was 90 x 90 x 20 mm3, placed axially above the lateral ventricle. The single voxel size was 10 x 10 x 20 mm3. N-acetyl aspartate/creatine ratios(NAA/Cr) were calculated on each voxel and were averaged in view of the cortex and the white matter. The regional cerebral blood flow(CBF) was measured by Xenon-CT method. Eight patients were also examined by acetazolamide challenge to evaluate the cerebrovascular reserve capacity. NAA/Cr ratios in normal subjects were 1.905 +/- 0.090(mean +/- standard deviation) in the cortex and 2.183 +/- 0.258 in the white matter in 40's(n = 6), 2.046 +/- 0.166 in the cortex and 2.039 +/- 0.288 in the white matter in 60's(n = 5). The study revealed 7 patients with normal NAA/Cr ratio and CBF, 5 with reduced NAA/Cr ratio and normal CBF, and 3 with reduced NAA/Cr ratio and CBF in the affected cortex. A low correlation coefficient of 0.46 was noted between NAA/Cr ratio and the cerebrovascular reserve capacity calculated by acetazolamide challenge in the affected cortex. In the range of less than +10%(lower limit) in percentile change of regional CBF after acetazolamide injection, NAA/Cr ratio was distributed between 1.600 and 2.044, which were normal or slightly under the lower limit(mean-2 x standard deviation). Multi-voxel 1H-MRS is useful for the evaluation of cerebral metabolism, because it enables to quantify different chemicals in many fields at one time and to compare its distribution with regional CBF. In patients with unilateral ICA occlusion, NAA/Cr ratio of the affected cortex varies depending on the collateral circulation and the contralateral ICA lesions. The Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass should be considered if the case with unilateral ICA occlusion reveals reduced CBF and normal or slightly decreased NAA/Cr ratio in the affected cortex. PMID:10793417

Takayama, H; Suga, S; Kobayashi, M; Sadanaga, F; Hozumi, A; Kanai, Y; Okamura, M; Mihara, B

2000-04-01

55

The Use of Below-Knee Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Arterial Occlusive Disease Causing Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the efficacy, safety and long-term results of crural artery percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in limbs with chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: Patients undergoing crural artery PTA due to CLI were followed at regular clinic visits with ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) measurements. PTA of the crural arteries was attempted either alone (n= 39) or in combination with PTA of the superficial and/or popliteal artery (n= 55) in 86 limbs (82 patients and 94 procedures) presenting with CLI. The ages of patients ranged from 37 to 94 years (mean 72 years). The indications for PTA were rest pain in 10 and ulcer/gangrene in 84 limbs.Results: A technically successful PTA with at least one crural level was achieved in 88% of cases (n= 83). Cumulative primary clinical success rates at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were 55%, 51%, 36%, and 36%, respectively. Cumulative secondary clinical success and limb salvage rates at 36 months were 44% and 72%, respectively. Conclusion: PTA of the crural arteries might be considered the primary choice of treatment in patients with CLI and distal lesions with localized stenosis or segmental short occlusions.

Loefberg, Ann-Marie; Loerelius, Lars-Erik [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, S-75185 Uppsala (Sweden); Karacagil, Sadettin; Westman, Bo; Almgren, Bo; Berqgvist, David [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, S-75185 Uppsala (Sweden)

1996-09-15

56

Influence of brotizolam on the ventilatory and mouth-occlusion pressure response to hypercapnia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

PubMed Central

1 Effect of 0.25 mg brotizolam on patients with chronic obstructive lung disease of moderate to severe degree was studied. 2 There was no difference between the slopes of ventilation vs alveolar CO2 for brotizolam and placebo as compared with base line values. Mouth-occlusion pressures did not change under the influence of drug or placebo. 3 Brotizolam (0.25 mg) is without adverse side-effects on respiratory centre output or on mechanics of ventilation. PMID:6661387

Sybrecht, G. W.

1983-01-01

57

Broiler breeder survivors of chronic unilateral pulmonary artery occlusion produce progeny resistant to pulmonary hypertension syndrome (ascites) induced by cool temperatures.  

PubMed

Chronic occlusion of one pulmonary artery triggers a high incidence of pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, ascites) in broilers. In the present study, the left pulmonary artery was chronically occluded in 295 male and 255 female chicks pedigreed from 18 sire families, leading to PHS in 74% of the males and 45% of the females. Survivors were reared to breeding age and served as parents for the resulting PHS-resistant chicks (Resistant), whereas control chicks were produced from the base population for this line (Base). In two experiments, male and female Resistant and Base chicks were reared separately by sex but mixed by group within environmental chambers, where they were exposed to cool (14 C) temperatures. In both experiments, the incidence of PHS was at least 50% lower in the Resistant males and females than in the Base males and females, respectively. When compared within a sex, the Base and Resistant broilers surviving to the end of both experiments did not differ in final body weight or body weight gain, nor did their right:total ventricular weight (RV:TV) ratios differ. These results demonstrate that broiler breeders capable of thriving after having their entire cardiac output forced to flow through one lung, subsequently produced male and female progeny with substantially improved resistance to the onset of PHS induced by fast growth and exposure to cool environmental temperatures. Fast growth and cool temperatures are primary triggers for PHS under most conditions of commercial broiler growout. In both experiments, final necropsies revealed higher RV:TV ratios in ascitic than in nonascitic broilers, whereas normalizing the left ventricle plus septum weight for differences in body weight generated similar values for ascitic and nonascitic males or females, respectively. These results support a primary role for pulmonary hypertension but not cardiomyopathy in the pathogenesis of ascites triggered by cool temperatures in both the Base and Resistant populations. PMID:10090268

Wideman, R F; French, H

1999-03-01

58

Biphasic Functional Regulation in Hippocampus of Rat with Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion Induced by Permanent Occlusion of Bilateral Common Carotid Artery  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion induced by permanent occlusion of the bilateral common carotid artery (BCCAO) in rats has been commonly used for the study of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. Despite the apparent cognitive dysfunction in rats with BCCAO, the molecular markers or pathways involved in the pathological alternation have not been clearly identified. Methods Temporal changes (sham, 21, 35, 45, 55 and 70 days) in gene expression in the hippocampus of rats after BCCAO were measured using time-course microarray analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway analyses were performed to identify the functional involvement of temporally regulated genes in BCCAO. Results Two major gene expression patterns were observed in the hippocampus of rats after BCCAO. One pattern, which was composed of 341 early up-regulated genes after the surgical procedure, was dominantly involved in immune-related biological functions (false discovery rate [FDR]<0.01). Another pattern composed of 182 temporally delayed down-regulated genes was involved in sensory perception such as olfactory and cognition functions (FDR<0.01). In addition to the two gene expression patterns, the temporal change of GO and the pathway activities using all differentially expressed genes also confirmed that an immune response was the main early change, whereas sensory functions were delayed responses. Moreover, we identified FADD and SOCS3 as possible core genes in the sensory function loss process using text-based mining and interaction network analysis. Conclusions The biphasic regulatory mechanism first reported here could provide molecular evidence of BCCAO-induced impaired memory in rats as well as mechanism of the development of vascular dementia. PMID:23936146

Lee, In Sun; Han, Jung-Soo; Kim, Bu-Yeo

2013-01-01

59

Successful management of chronic postsurgical pain following total knee replacement.  

PubMed

We report reversal of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) along with functional restoration after total knee replacement (TKR) in two patients, using a combination therapy that included ultrasonography-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) of nerves supplying the knee to provide pain relief, along with dry needling (DN) to relax myofascial triggers/bands that caused painful stiffness and restricted movement of muscles acting across the knee. Both patients showed demonstrable pain relief, as evidenced by changes in pain as assessed on the Numeric Rating Scale (patient 1: 4-9/10 [pre-treatment] to 0-3/10 [6 months post-treatment]; patient 2: 5-9/10 to 0-4/10), Oxford Knee Score (patient 1: 17 to 40; patient 2: 12 to 39), Self-Administered Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs score (patient 1: 16 to 0; patient 2: 18 to 0), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score (patient 1: 17 to 2; patient 2: 20 to 2). The selection of the PRF-and-DN combination for treating post-TKR CPSP was based on a new idea that CPSP is a neuromyopathic phenomenon involving both sensory and motor neuropathy. It has evolved from our experience of 8 years. Physiotherapy worked synergistically with DN, optimizing muscle performance and pain relief. PMID:25132412

Vas, Lakshmi; Khandagale, Nishigandha; Pai, Renuka

2014-10-01

60

Vessel reconstruction in total coronary occlusions with a long subintimal wire pathway: use of multiple stents under guidance of intravascular ultrasound.  

PubMed

A frequent cause of failure of the recanalization of a total coronary occlusion is a subintimal pathway of the guide wire. Three cases of occluded right coronary arteries are presented in which a distal reentry into the true vessel lumen was achieved. Intravascular ultrasound was used to locate the exit and reentry of the guide wire, and to plan the position of multiple stents for the coverage of this subintimal pathway. In all cases antegrade flow to the distal coronary bed was restored. PMID:8993815

Werner, G S; Diedrich, J; Scholz, K H; Knies, A; Kreuzer, H

1997-01-01

61

Emergency revascularization procedures in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to acute total occlusion of unprotected left main coronary artery: a report of five cases.  

PubMed

Several studies have compared the efficacy of elective coronary artery stenting and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. However, a definite reperfusion modality has yet to be established in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to acute total occlusion of ULMCA, which has catastrophic clinical results. We presented five patients (3 males, 2 females; mean age 59 years; range 53 to 67 years) with acute anterior STEMI and angiographically documented acute total occlusion of ULMCA. On presentation, all the patients had chest pain and four patients were in cardiogenic shock. All the patients were taken to the catheterization room with minimum delay. Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation was used during coronary angiography in all the patients. Three patients underwent PCI and, after balloon predilatation, bare-metal stents were implanted and TIMI III flow was achieved. One patient who had atrial fibrillation on admission died on the 14th day of hospitalization after PCI due to pump failure. After diagnostic coronary angiography, two patients were submitted to surgery for emergency CABG. They both died, one within two hours of admission during preparation of the surgical team, and the other on the third postoperative day. Both were in cardiogenic shock on admission. PMID:20473018

Aygül, Nazif; Aygül, Meryem Ulkü; Ozdemir, Kurtulu?; Altunkeser, Bülent Behlül

2010-03-01

62

Endovascular Sharp Recanalization for Calcified Femoropopliteal Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Endovascular intervention of peripheral chronic total occlusion (CTO) is technically challenging and time consuming. Various techniques and devices are used to facilitate lesion crossing and improve the success rate of the procedure. However, these new devices are quite expensive and not readily available. We report 2 cases of peripheral CTO wherein the occlusions were successfully crossed by using stiff end of Terumo glidewire. This sharp recanalization may be a useful technique for the recanalization of calcified peripheral CTOs when conventional techniques fail and new devices are not readily available, but it is accompanied by the risk of distal atheroembolism. PMID:24826257

Huang, Hsuan-Li; Chou, Hsin-Hua; Wu, Tien-Yu

2012-01-01

63

Inspiratory-to-Total Lung Capacity Ratio Predicts Mortality in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Static lung hyperinflation has important clinical consequences in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We analyzed the power of lung hyperinflation as measured by the inspiratory capacity-to-total lung capacity ratio (IC\\/TLC) to predict mortality in a cohort of 689 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (95% males; FEV1, 1.17 L) with a mean follow-up of 34 months. We also compared

Ciro Casanova; Claudia Cote; Juan P. de Torres; Armando Aguirre-Jaime; Jose M. Marin; Victor Pinto-Plata; Bartolome R. Celli

64

Creatine supplementation does not decrease total plasma homocysteine in chronic hemodialysis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creatine supplementation does not decrease total plasma homocysteine in chronic hemodialysis patients.BackgroundHyperhomocysteinemia is present in the majority of chronic hemodialysis patients. Treatment with folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 cannot fully normalize plasma homocysteine concentrations (tHcy). Previously we have demonstrated the tHcy-lowering effect of creatine supplementation in an animal model of uremia (Kidney Int 64:1331–1337, 2003). The present study

Youri E. C. Taes; Joris R. Delanghe; DIRK DE BACQUER; MICHEL LANGLOIS; LUT STEVENS; INGE GEEROLF; Norbert H. Lameire; An S. De Vriese

2004-01-01

65

[The value of suprageniculate femoro-popliteal polytetrafluoroethylene prosthesis in surgical treatment of chronic arterial occlusive disease].  

PubMed

From January 1982 to December 1989, 74 patients with chronic critical ischemia were treated with an above knee-femoropopliteal PTFE-Bypass. The 5-year cumulative patency rate was 48%, the cumulative limb salvage rate 66%. In the same observation period 40 patients with a reversed saphenous vein above knee-Bypass were also followed-up. In this group the cumulative 5-year patency rate amounted to 77% and the limb salvage rate to 100%. The autogenous saphena magna is the conduit of choice for lower extremity artery bypass grafting. It showed in above knee reconstructions statistically significant superior results in comparison to PTFE grafts. PMID:2291311

Z'graggen, K; Inderbitzi, R; Krebs, T; Stirnemann, P

1990-01-01

66

Errors in the measurement of total lung capacity in chronic obstructive lung disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard plethysmographic method of measuring total lung capacity (TLC) has been reported to result in spuriously high estimates in patients with severe airway obstruction. The helium-dilution method is known to underestimate TLC in the same patients. To determine the magnitude of these possible errors we measured TLC by four methods in 20 patients with varying degrees of chronic obstructive

P D Paré; B J Wiggs; C A Coppin

1983-01-01

67

Plasma levels of acylated and total ghrelin in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This cross-sectional study set out to compare total and acyl ghrelin levels in children with mild chronic kidney disease (CKD)\\u000a undergoing conservative treatment (n?=?19) with children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (n?=?24), and with healthy controls (n?=?20). The relationship between ghrelin levels and parameters of renal function, nutritional status, and selective hormones\\u000a were investigated. ESRD patients had higher

Maria Fernanda Soares Naufel; Milena Bordon; Talita Marques de Aquino; Eliane Beraldi Ribeiro; João Tomás de Abreu Carvalhaes

2010-01-01

68

Research and Development for the Ackerman Artificial Heart System: A Non-Pulsatile, Non-Occlusive Total Artificial Heart for Human Implantation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We are proposing a two phase program to design and develop a motor-driven, non-pulsatile, non-occlusive pump system capable of being implanted within the chest cavity as an artificial heart. Phase I will design, fabricate and test in the laboratory, a non...

1987-01-01

69

Endovascular recanalization of infrapopliteal occlusions in patients with critical limb ischemia  

PubMed Central

Background Endovascular therapies are increasingly used for treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI). Infrapopliteal (IP) occlusions are common in CLI, and successful limb salvage may require restoration of arterial flow in the distribution of a chronically occluded vessel. We sought to describe the procedural characteristics and outcomes of patients with IP occlusions who underwent endovascular intervention for treatment of CLI. Methods All patients with IP interventions for treatment of CLI from 2006 to 2012 were included. Angiographic and procedural data were compared between patients who underwent intervention for IP occlusions vs IP stenosis. Restenosis was determined by Doppler ultrasound imaging. Limb salvage was the primary end point of the study. Additional end points included primary patency, primary assisted patency, secondary patency, occlusion crossing success, procedural success, and amputation-free survival. Results A total of 187 patients with CLI underwent interventions for 356 IP lesions, and 77 patients (41%) had interventions for an IP occlusion. Patients with an intervention for IP occlusion were more likely to have zero to one vessel runoff (83% vs 56%; P < .001) compared with interventions for stenosis. Compared with IP stenoses, IP occlusions were longer (118 ± 86 vs 73 ± 67 mm; P < .001) and had a smaller vessel diameter (2.5 ± 0.8 vs 2.7 ± 0.5 mm; P =.02). Wire crossing was achieved in 83% of IP occlusions, and the overall procedural success for IP occlusions was 79%. The overall 1-year limb salvage rate was 84%. Limb salvage was highest in the stenosis group, slightly lower in the successful occlusion group, and lowest in the failed occlusion group (92% vs 75% vs 58%, respectively; P = .02). Unsuccessfully treated IP occlusions were associated with a significantly higher likelihood of major amputation (hazard ratio, 5.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.89–17.7) and major amputation or death (hazard ratio, 2.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.09–6.63). Conclusions Successful endovascular recanalization of IP occlusions can be achieved with guidewire and support catheter techniques in most patients. In patients selected for an endovascular-first approach for IP occlusions in CLI, this strategy can be successfully implemented with favorable rates of limb salvage. PMID:24393279

Singh, Gagan D.; Armstrong, Ehrin J.; Yeo, Khung-Keong; Singh, Satinder; Westin, Gregory G.; Pevec, William C.; Dawson, David L.; Laird, John R.

2014-01-01

70

Chronic ovine evaluation of a totally implantable electrical left ventricular assist system.  

PubMed

The totally implantable Novacor left ventricular assist system (LVAS) comprises a pump/drive unit (VAD), electronic control and power subsystem (ECP), variable volume compensator (VVC), and belt skin transformer (BST). The system is now undergoing chronic in vivo evaluation. Cumulative animal testing of VAD, VVC, and BST subsystems are 12.1, 4.9, and 43 years, respectively. The longest implants were 279 days for the VAD, 767 days for the VVC, and 1,148 days for the BST. A chronic implant of the total system was electively terminated at 260 days. The LVAS was powered via the BST. Continuously monitored hemodynamic and pump parameters have demonstrated normal hemodynamics and LVAS operation. Periodic VVC determinations suggest a 0.8 ml/day diffusive gas loss. Tether-free operation has been demonstrated with an Ag-Zn battery backpack. The animal was healthy and free of infection as indicated by routine hematologic, biochemical and serum enzyme determinations. Hemolysis is minimal (plasma free hemoglobin less than 5 mg%). Pump output ranged from 7 to 8 L/min. Severe valve calcification was the reason for elective termination at 260 days. This preclinical in vivo experience, and in vitro reliability studies, demonstrate efficacy of the total system. PMID:2597489

Ramasamy, N; Chen, H; Miller, P J; Jassawalla, J S; Greene, B A; Ocampo, A; Siegel, L C; Oyer, P E; Portner, P M

1989-01-01

71

Errors in the measurement of total lung capacity in chronic obstructive lung disease.  

PubMed

The standard plethysmographic method of measuring total lung capacity (TLC) has been reported to result in spuriously high estimates in patients with severe airway obstruction. The helium-dilution method is known to underestimate TLC in the same patients. To determine the magnitude of these possible errors we measured TLC by four methods in 20 patients with varying degrees of chronic obstructive lung disease and in 11 normal subjects. TLC was measured by (1) helium dilution (TLCHe); (2) a volume-displacement body plethysmograph, box volume being plotted against mouth pressure (TLCm); (3) the same body plethysmograph with volume plotted against pressure measured with an oesophageal balloon (TLCes); and (4) a radiological technique (TLCxr). In normal subjects there was no difference between TCLm (6.57 +/- 1.20) and TLCes (6.51 +/- 1.24). In the patients with chronic obstructive lung disease TLCm gave results significantly higher than those of any other method. If TLCes is taken as the closest estimate of true TLC, TLCm consistently overestimates and TLCHe underestimates TLC. There was no relationship between the degree of airway obstruction and (TLCm - TLCes) but there was between (TLCes - TLCHe) and severity of airway obstruction. We conclude that using mouth pressure in the plethysmographic measurement of TLC in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease results in consistent but slight overestimation of TLC. PMID:6879500

Paré, P D; Wiggs, B J; Coppin, C A

1983-06-01

72

A unified mathematical model to quantify performance impairment for both chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation  

E-print Network

recovery process after chronic sleep restriction. Our model describes the beneficial effects of bankingA unified mathematical model to quantify performance impairment for both chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation Pooja Rajdev a , David Thorsley a , Srinivasan Rajaraman a , Tracy L. Rupp b

73

Total serum bilirubin as a negative prognostic factor in idiopathic canine chronic hepatitis.  

PubMed

Total serum bilirubin (TBIL) is used as a prognostic factor in chronic hepatitis (CH) in human beings. To date, the authors are unaware of any studies looking at the value of TBIL as a prognostic factor in idiopathic canine CH. The objective of the current study was to assess if TBIL is a negative prognostic factor in idiopathic canine CH, and to identify other prognostic factors. Thirty-nine dogs with histologically confirmed idiopathic CH admitted to 2 referral centers between 1999 and 2010 were included in the study. Patients with concurrent diseases that could affect TBIL or the survival time were excluded. Total serum bilirubin was measured prior to liver biopsy, and CH was diagnosed according to standardized histological criteria. Survival time was calculated from time of diagnosis to time of death or euthanasia. Cox proportional hazard analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors. The mean survival time for the 39 dogs included in the analysis was 197 days (1-2,677), and the mean total serum bilirubin was 11 ?mol/l (2-265). Total serum bilirubin was statistically significantly associated with survival (odds ratio = 1.082, P = 0.047) as were weight (odds ratio = 1.028, P = 0.028) and the presence of ascites (odds ratio = 6.758, P = 0.013). The current study demonstrates that TBIL could be used as an additional prognostic factor in canine CH. PMID:24621844

Gómez Selgas, Aida; Bexfield, Nicholas; Scase, Timothy J; Holmes, Mark A; Watson, Penny

2014-03-01

74

Early Results with the Use of Heparin-bonded Stent Graft to Rescue Failed Angioplasty of Chronic Femoropopliteal Occlusive Lesions: TASC D Lesions Have a Poor Outcome  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate early patency rate of the heparin-bonded stent grafts in atherosclerotic long femoropopliteal occlusive disease, and to identify factors that affect outcome. Methods: Heparin-bonded Viabahn stent grafts were placed in 33 limbs in 33 patients during 2009-2010. The stents were deployed to rescue failed conventional balloon angioplasty. Mean age was 69 (range 44-88) years, and 67 % (22 of 33) were men. Most procedures (21 of 33, 64 %) were performed for critical limb ischemia (33 % for rest pain, 30 % tissue loss). Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regression analysis were used to identify significant risk factors. Results: The average length of lesions treated was 25 {+-} 10 cm, and they were predominantly TASC (Transatlantic Intersociety Consensus) D (n = 13) and C (n = 17) lesions. The median primary patency was 5.0 months (95 % confidence interval 1.22-8.77). The mean secondary patency was 8.6 months (95 % confidence interval 6.82-10.42). Subsequently, 4 patients underwent bypass surgery and 5 patients underwent major amputation. One patient died. There were 5 in-stent or edge-stent stenoses. Cox multivariate regression analysis identified TASC D lesions to be a significant risk factor for early occlusion (p = 0.035). Conclusion: TASC D lesions of femoropopliteal occlusions have poor patency rates with the use of heparin-bonded stent grafts after failed conventional angioplasty. Alternative options should be considered for these patients.

Kuhan, Ganesh, E-mail: gkuhan@nhs.net; Abisi, Said; Braithwaite, Bruce D.; MacSweeney, Shane T. R. [Nottingham University Hospitals, Vascular and Endovascular Unit, Queens Medical Centre (United Kingdom); Whitaker, Simon C.; Habib, Said B. [Nottingham University Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Queen's Medical Centre (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15

75

Placement of a Port Catheter Through Collateral Veins in a Patient with Central Venous Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

Long-term utilization of central venous catheters (CVCs) for parenteral nutrition has a high incidence of central venous complications including infections, occlusions, and stenosis. We report the case of a 31-year-old woman presenting with a malabsorption caused by short gut syndrome due to congenital aganglionic megacolon. The patient developed a chronic occlusion of all central neck and femoral veins due to long-term use of multiple CVCs over more than 20 years. In patients with central venous occlusion and venous transformation, the implantation of a totally implanted port system by accessing collateral veins is an option to continue long-term parenteral nutrition when required. A 0.014-in. Whisper guidewire (Terumo, Tokyo) with high flexibility and steerability was chosen to maneuver and pass through the collateral veins. We suggest this approach to avoid unfavorable translumbar or transhepatic central venous access and to conserve the anatomically limited number of percutaneous access sites.

Teichgraeber, Ulf Karl-Martin, E-mail: ulf.teichgraeber@charite.de; Streitparth, Florian, E-mail: florian.streitparth@charite.d [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Institut fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie (Germany); Gebauer, Bernhard, E-mail: bernhard.gebauer@charite.d [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde (Germany); Benter, Thomas, E-mail: Thomas.Benter@klinikum-rg.d [Elblandkliniken Riesa-Grossenhain gGmbH, Klinik fuer Innere Medizin II Haematologie/Onkologie und Gastroenterologie (Germany)

2010-04-15

76

Uncemented total hip arthroplasty in young patients with juvenile chronic arthritis.  

PubMed Central

The hip joint is commonly affected in juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and involvement is usually bilateral. It is well established that the involvement of the hip in JCA is the most important reason that the patient will lose independence and mobility. The positive gains, both in terms of hip function and the overall functional capability, of the patients of JCA after hip replacement have been shown by several studies. There have been many reports regarding cemented total hip replacement in young patients with JCA. The short-term results have been excellent, but failure rates were considerably higher with further follow-up. To our knowledge there have been no other reports to date of the results of cementless arthroplasty of the hip in this condition. We reviewed the results of 25 primary uncemented total hip replacements (THR) in 16 patients with JCA. The mean postoperative follow-up time was 4.5 years (range 1-19 years). The clinical results were evaluated using the modified Harris hip score. The functional outcome was assessed by a scoring system described by Witt et al. The most significant long-term problem was acetabular loosening (12%) in our series. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:9682646

Kumar, M. N.; Swann, M.

1998-01-01

77

Effects of prostaglandin E1 and buflomedil on left ventricular function in patients with severe chronic occlusive arterial disease: a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial.  

PubMed

In this study, the effect of a course of prostaglandin E ( 1 ) (60 microg/d intravenously [i.v.]) or buflomedil (150 mg/d i.v.) treatment on parameters of left ventricular systolic function was investigated by echocardiography in patients of comparatively advanced age with severe peripheral occlusive arterial disease (Fontaine's stage III or IV). The study population was 20 patients, 12 men and 8 women, between 51 and 85 years of age (average age, 73. 7 years), with multiple coexisting medical conditions. These patients were no longer suitable candidates for other forms of interventional or surgical treatment. The patients were treated with prostaglandin E ( 1 ) or buflomedil in the dosages recommended for peripheral occlusive arterial disease for 3 weeks. The following were determined on the 1st, 11th, and 21st day, before and after drug administration: end-diastolic and end-systolic volume, ejection fraction, and pre-ejection period/left ventricular ejection time ratio. The data from all 20 patients were included in the evaluation. There was no evidence of any significant change in the ejection fraction or systolic time intervals, suggesting the safety of the drugs in this special patient population with multiple coexisting conditions. PMID:10423633

Kölsch, B; Mohr-Kahaly, S; Wittlich, N; Reeh, U; Meyer, J

1997-01-01

78

Dental occlusion and postural control in adults.  

PubMed

We studied the influence of a dental occlusion perturbation on postural control. The tests were performed in three dental occlusion conditions: (Rest Position: no dental contact, Maximal Intercuspal Occlusion: maximal dental contact, and Thwarted Laterality Occlusion: simulation of a dental malocclusion) and four postural conditions: static (stable platform) and dynamic (unstable platform), with eyes open and eyes closed. A decay of postural control was noted between the Rest Position and Thwarted Laterality Occlusion conditions with regard to average speed and power indexes in dynamic conditions and with eyes closed. However, the head position and stabilization were not different from those in the other experimental conditions, which means that the same functional goal was reached with an increase in the total energetic cost. This work shows that dental occlusion differently affects postural control, depending on the static or dynamic conditions. Indeed, dental occlusion impaired postural control only in dynamic postural conditions and in absence of visual cues. The sensory information linked to the dental occlusion comes into effect only during difficult postural tasks and its importance grows as the other sensory cues become scarce. PMID:19070652

Tardieu, Corinne; Dumitrescu, Michel; Giraudeau, Anne; Blanc, Jean-Luc; Cheynet, François; Borel, Liliane

2009-01-30

79

An unusual case of bilateral subclavian-carotid artery graft occlusion with coronary steal syndrome managed in the cath lab.  

PubMed

A 65-year-old man, s/p coronary bypass surgery (CABG) with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery 12 years previously, presented to his local hospital with left upper extremity pain, dizziness, falls, and chest pain. At the outside hospital, a proximal total left subclavian occlusion was found and the patient underwent left subclavian artery to common carotid artery (SCA-CCA) bypass surgery. Shortly thereafter, the patient developed right subclavian thrombosis, and underwent right SCA-CCA bypass surgery. Twenty days later, coronary steal symptoms recurred; troponin levels were elevated and ultrasound exam revealed bilateral SCA-CCA graft occlusion. The patient was then transferred to a tertiary care facility with a diagnosis of non-ST elevation myocardial infarct (NSTEMI). A successful endovascular procedure was performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory with the use of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) devices, to treat the coronary steal syndrome. PMID:23293182

Wisneski, Andrew D; Beyer, Anna T; Shunk, Kendrick A

2013-01-01

80

Treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia by total body irradiation alone and combined with chemotherapy. [Efficacy and complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total body irradiation (TBI) offers a new dimension in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), a disease heretofore refractory to effective management. Excellent responses were observed in 50\\/57 (88%) consecutive patients with active CLL treated since 1964, and complete remissions were achieved in 22\\/57 (39%). Toxicity was acceptable and was minimized by combining TBI and chemotherapy in attenuated doses

Johnson

1979-01-01

81

Ten-Year Experience Using an Articulating Antibiotic Cement Hip Spacer for the Treatment of Chronically Infected Total Hip  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infection is a devastating complication after total-hip arthroplasty. Between June 1991 and December 2001, 42 patients were treated at our center for chronically infected total-hip arthroplasty using a 2-stage articulating antibiotic hip spacer technique. Of the 27 patients available for review, 26 (94%) remain clinically free of infection at an average 76 months (range, 28-148 months) postoperatively. Twenty-two (81%) patients

Aaron A. Hofmann; Tyler D. Goldberg; Amie M. Tanner; Thomas M. Cook

2005-01-01

82

Follicular occlusion tetrad  

PubMed Central

Follicular occlusion tetrad is a symptom complex consisting of four conditions having a similar pathophysiology. It includes Hidradenitis suppurativa, acne conglobata, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp and pilonidal sinus. The exact pathogenesis of this group of disease is unknown but evidence suggests that they share the same pathological process initiated by follicular occlusion in apocrine gland bearing areas. Though each of these conditions is commonly encountered singly, follicular occlusion tetrad as a symptom complex has been rarely reported in the literature.

Vasanth, Vani; Chandrashekar, Byalakere Shivanna

2014-01-01

83

Follicular occlusion tetrad.  

PubMed

Follicular occlusion tetrad is a symptom complex consisting of four conditions having a similar pathophysiology. It includes Hidradenitis suppurativa, acne conglobata, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp and pilonidal sinus. The exact pathogenesis of this group of disease is unknown but evidence suggests that they share the same pathological process initiated by follicular occlusion in apocrine gland bearing areas. Though each of these conditions is commonly encountered singly, follicular occlusion tetrad as a symptom complex has been rarely reported in the literature. PMID:25396138

Vasanth, Vani; Chandrashekar, Byalakere Shivanna

2014-10-01

84

Sildenafil provides sustained neuroprotection in the absence of learning recovery following the 4-vessel occlusion/internal carotid artery model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in middle-aged rats.  

PubMed

In this study, we tested whether the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil protects against neurodegeneration and facilitates recovery from learning deficits examined long after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) induced by the 4-vessel occlusion/internal carotid artery (4-VO/ICA) model in middle-aged rats. Male Wistar rats (12-15 months of age) were subjected to permanent 3-stage 4-VO/ICA with an interstage interval of 4 days. Sildenafil (3 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered at one dose per day for 10 days, beginning soon after the first occlusion stage. Three months later, learning in a non-food-rewarded, eight-arm radial maze task was tested. Learning performance is expressed as the latency to find a goal box and the number of reference or working memory errors. Histological examination was performed 1-3 days after behavioral testing. In the vehicle-treated group, permanent 4-VO/ICA markedly disrupted learning performance and caused moderate-to-severe neurodegeneration in the CA1-CA4 subfields of the hippocampus (56.2%), dentate gyrus (DG; 19.2%), retrosplenial cortex (RS cortex; 47.4%), and parietal association cortex (PtA cortex; 38.2%). Sildenafil treatment did not prevent 4-VO/ICA-induced learning deficits, whereas neurodegeneration was significantly reduced in the CA1-CA4 subfields (30.5%), DG (7.2%), RS cortex (11.8%), and PtA cortex (6.5%). Advancing previous findings from our laboratory, this study suggests that while sildenafil can provide important neuroprotection in different brain regions of middle-aged rats subjected to CCH, such histological effect does not translate into cognitive recovery. PMID:22982173

Dias Fiuza Ferreira, Emilene; Valério Romanini, Cássia; Cypriano, Paulo Eduardo; Weffort de Oliveira, Rúbia Maria; Milani, Humberto

2013-01-01

85

A sensitive HPLC method for the quantification of free and total p-cresol in patients with chronic renal failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Para-cresol (4-methylphenol) is a volatile phenolic compound which is retained in chronic renal failure. Several recent studies suggest that p-cresol interferes with various biochemical and physiological functions at concentrations currently observed in uremia. Only a few methods are available for the determination of p-cresol concentration in serum. In addition, these methods have only been used for the determination of total

Rita De Smet; Frank David; Patrick Sandra; Jaqueline Van Kaer; Gerrit Lesaffer; Annemieke Dhondt; Norbert Lameire; Raymond Vanholder

1998-01-01

86

Vertebrobasilar Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

The presentation of vertebrobasilar artery occlusion varies with the cause of occlusion and location of ischemia. This often results in delay in diagnosis. Areas of the brain supplied by the posterior circulation are difficult to visualize and usually require angiography or magnetic resonance imaging. Intravenous thrombolysis and local-intra arterial thrombolysis are the most common treatment approaches used. Recanalization of the occluded vessel significantly improves morbidity and mortality. Here we present a review of the literature and a case of a patient with altered mental status caused by vertebrobasilar artery occlusion. PMID:21691534

Schoen, Jessica C.; Boysen, Megan M.; Warren, Chase R.; Chakravarthy, Bharath; Lotfipour, Shahram

2011-01-01

87

Reinfarction Following PCI or Medical Management using the Universal Definition in Patients With Total Occlusion After Myocardial Infarction: Results from Long Term Follow up of the OAT Cohort  

PubMed Central

Background The Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) randomized 2201 patients with a totally occluded infarct-related artery on days 3–28 (>24 hours) following myocardial infarction (MI) to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or medical treatment (MED). There was no difference in the primary endpoint of death, reinfarction or heart failure at 2.9 year or 6-year mean follow-up. However in patients randomized to PCI there was a trend for an increase in reinfarction. Methods We analyzed the characteristics and types of reinfarction according to the universal definition. Independent predictors of reinfarction were determined using Cox proportional hazard models with follow up to 9 years. Results There were 169 reinfarctions; 9.4% PCI vs 8.0% MED, HR 1.31, 95% CI 0.97 ?1.77, p=0.08. Spontaneous reinfarction (type 1) occurred with similar frequency in the groups; 4.9% PCI vs 6.7% MED, HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.53 – 1.15, p=0.21. Rates of type 2 (secondary) and 3 (sudden death) MI were similar in both groups. There was an increase in type 4a reinfarctions (related to protocol or repeat PCI), 0.8% PCI vs 0.1% MED, p=0.01 and type 4b reinfarctions (stent thrombosis); 2.7% PCI vs 0.6% MED, p<0.001. Multivariate predictors of reinfarction were history of PCI prior to study entry (p=0.001), diabetes (p=0.005), and absence of new Q waves with the index infarction (p=0.01). Conclusions There was a trend for reMI to be more frequent with PCI. Opening an occluded infarct-related artery in stable patients late post-MI exposes them to a risk of subsequent reinfarction related to reocclusion and stent thrombosis. PMID:22520521

White, Harvey D.; Reynolds, Harmony R.; Carvalho, Antonio C.; Pearte, Camille A.; Liu, Li; Martin, C. Edwin; Knatterud, Genell L.; Džavík, Vladimír; Kruk, Mariusz; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Cantor, Warren J.; Menon, Venu; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Hochman, Judith S.

2014-01-01

88

Islet autotransplantation to preserve beta cell mass in selected patients with chronic pancreatitis and diabetes mellitus undergoing total pancreatectomy  

PubMed Central

Objectives Islet autotransplant (IAT) is performed in non-diabetic patients with chronic pancreatitis at the time of total pancreatectomy (TP) to minimize risk of post-operative diabetes. The role of TPIAT in patients with chronic pancreatitis and C-peptide positive diabetes is not established. We postulate that IAT can preserve beta cell mass and thereby benefit patients with pre-existing diabetes undergoing TP. Methods Preoperative metabolic testing, islet isolation outcomes, and subsequent islet graft function were reviewed for 27 patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic pancreatitis undergoing TPIAT. The relationship between the results of preoperative metabolic testing and islet isolation outcomes were explored using regression analysis. Results Mean islet yield was 2,060 ± 2,408 IEQ/kg. Peak C-peptide (from mixed meal tolerance testing) was the strongest predictor of islet yield, with higher stimulated C-peptide levels associated with greater islet mass. Half of the patients who had C-peptide levels measured post-transplant demonstrated C-peptide production at a level that conveys protective benefit in type 1 diabetes (?0.6 ng/mL). Conclusions These findings provide proof-of-concept that significant islet mass can be isolated in patients with chronic pancreatitis and C-peptide positive diabetes mellitus undergoing TPIAT. Stimulated C-peptide may be a useful marker of islet mass pre-transplant in these patients. PMID:23146918

Bellin, Melena D.; Beilman, Gregory J.; Dunn, Ty; Pruett, Timothy; Chinnakotla, Srinath; Ngo, Anh; Radosevich, David M.; Freeman, Martin L.; Schwarzenberg, Sarah J.; Balamurugan, A.N.; Hering, Bernhard J.; Sutherland, David E.R.

2012-01-01

89

Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine Supplement to Vol. 7, No. 5, 2011S19 Neurobehavioral responses to acute total and chronic partial  

E-print Network

to acute total and chronic partial sleep deprivation occur in healthy adults and are particularly evident vulnerability to sleep deprivation is not random--but rather is stable and trait-like--strongly suggesting- nerability has been shown to extend to chronic partial sleep deprivation. One potential genetic biomarker

Pennsylvania, University of

90

Veno-occlusive disease in snow leopards (Panthera uncia) from zoological parks.  

PubMed

Livers from 54 snow leopards, 4 days to 23 years old, that had died in 23 US zoos, were evaluated histopathologically to determine if the hepatic fibrosis, which has been noted to be prevalent in this species, was due to chronic active hepatitis from hepadnaviral infection, Ito cell proliferation, or hemosiderosis. Forty-two of 54 snow leopards had subintimal vascular fibrosis with partial or total occlusion of central and sublobular veins (veno-occlusive disease) of unknown origin. All 21 leopards older than 5 years were affected. Four leopards had chronic active hepatitis, and 12 leopards had cholangiohepatitis; but these lesions were not connected anatomically to central and sublobular venous fibrosis. Hepatocellular and Kupffer cell siderosis and Ito cell proliferation were prevalent and often coexisted with perisinusoidal, central, and sublobular venous fibrosis; but fibrosis was present in leopards without siderosis or Ito cell proliferation. The pattern and prevalence of veno-occlusive disease in these leopards was similar to that reported in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), suggesting that a common extrinsic factor may cause the majority of hepatic disease in these large felid animals in captivity. PMID:2017826

Munson, L; Worley, M B

1991-01-01

91

Bilateral common carotid occlusion without neurological deficit.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old man presented with pain and numbness in his right arm. On his clinical examination, no neurological deficit was found. Bilateral common carotid artery duplex sonography scan demonstrated no flow in either lumen. No abnormality was recognized on brain CT. On cerebral digital substraction angiogram, total occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk and left carotid artery were shown. There was a modest stenosis in the left vertebral artery. Collateral circulation feeding the intracranial carotid system mainly originated from the left vertebrobasilar system. Previous cases of bilateral carotid occlusion are reviewed and discussed. PMID:12452914

Karaköse, Serdar; Karabacakoglu, Aydin; Solak, Hasan

2002-12-01

92

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease  

MedlinePLUS

Pulmonary vaso-occlusive disease ... In most cases, the cause of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease is unknown. The high blood pressure occurs in the pulmonary arteries, which are the lung arteries directly connected to the right side ...

93

Laparoscopic management of totally intra-thoracic stomach with chronic volvulus  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of intra-thoracic gastric volvulus (IGV) and to assess the preoperative work-up. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patient medical records identified 14 patients who underwent a laparoscopic repair of IGV. The procedure included reduction of the stomach into the abdomen, total sac excision, reinforced hiatoplasty with mesh and construction of a partial fundoplication. All perioperative data, operative details and complications were recorded. All patients had at least 6 mo of follow-up. RESULTS: There were 4 male and 10 female patients. The mean age and the mean body mass index were 66 years and 28.7 kg/m2, respectively. All patients presented with epigastric discomfort and early satiety. There was no mortality, and none of the cases were converted to an open procedure. The mean operative time was 235 min, and the mean length of hospitalization was 2 d. There were no intraoperative complications. Four minor complications occurred in 3 patients including pleural effusion, subcutaneous emphysema, dysphagia and delayed gastric emptying. All minor complications resolved spontaneously without any intervention. During the mean follow-up of 29 mo, one patient had a radiological wrap herniation without volvulus. She remains symptom free with daily medication. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic management of IGV is a safe but technically demanding procedure. The best outcomes can be achieved in centers with extensive experience in minimally invasive esophageal surgery. PMID:24124329

Toydemir, Toygar; Cipe, Gokhan; Karatepe, Oguzhan; Yerdel, Mehmet Ali

2013-01-01

94

Total vertebrectomy for stabilisation of chronic spinal lumbar luxation in a paraplegic dog without nociception.  

PubMed

An adult male crossbred dog was referred with a history of a road traffic accident that took place 1 month earlier. Neurological examination revealed paraplegia with absent nociception in the pelvic limbs. On epaxial palpation, significant curvature of the anatomical axis of the spine between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae was observed, with the presence of a bone end almost piercing the dog's skin. Survey radiographs of the lumbar spine revealed severe dislocation between L3 and L4 vertebrae. During surgery, the spinal cord was not visible between the dislocated segments. Because of difficulties in reducing the lumbar luxation during surgery, vertebrectomy and vertebral shortening were performed. After alignment between vertebrae L3 and L5, eight cortical orthopaedic screws and bone cement were used for fixation. After 30 days, the dog started to use a wheelchair and was considered by its owner to have a good quality of life with no evidence of pain. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of severe luxation treated by total vertebrectomy and spine shortening in a dog. This surgery can be considered as an option in the management of severe spine luxation when the spinal cord is physically transected. PMID:24962201

Tertuliano Marinho, P V; Zani, C C; De Biasi, F; Bahr Arias, M V

2014-10-01

95

Comparison of total body irradiation vs chlorambucil and prednisone for remission induction of active chronic lymphocytic leukemia: an ECOG study. Part I: total body irradiation-response  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-six evaluable patients were entered into two fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) programs; 11 patients received a course of 150 rad TBI (x 3 if tolerated) and 15 patients received a lower dose course of 50 rad (x 3 if tolerated). Complete remissions (CR) were not produced by either course; however, the higher dose course (Plan I) yielded a partial response (PR) rate of 73%, while the lower dose course yielded a PR of 47%. Although fraction size seemed trivial in both TBI plans, an unexpected high degree of hematologic toxicity was encountered, and was parallel to the response rates: in Plan I 73% of patients experienced severe to life-threatening depression of platelets or granulocytes, whereas in Plan II this rate was 47%. This was of short duration with rapid return of blood counts to normal levels. One death can be attributed to TBI. The chemotherapy arm of the study demonstrated superiority in terms of complete responses. Twenty-three percent of patients treated by cholrambucil and prednisone attained CR, in contrast to 0% of TBI patients. PR for chemotherapy was similar to that obtained with TBI. Chemotherapy also proved superior in terms of overall response rate, number of patients in remission, and in the median duration of response, but not in the median duration of survival. Fractional TBI techniques for active chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) should be interrupted when the platelet count dips below 100,000 and the granulocyte count is lower than 2,000. Future studies should combine TBI radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Rubin, P.I. (Univ. of Rochester Cancer Center, NY); Bennett, J.M.; Begg, C.; Bozdech, M.J.; Silber, R.

1981-12-01

96

Nontraumatic vascular emergencies: imaging and intervention in acute venous occlusion.  

PubMed

Risk factors for acute venous occlusion range from prolonged immobilization to hypercoagulability syndromes, trauma, and malignancy. The aim of this review article is to illustrate the different imaging options for the diagnosis of acute venous occlusion and to assess the value of interventional strategies for venous thrombosis treatment in an emergency setting.First, diagnosis and treatment of the most common form of venous occlusion, at the level of the lower extremities, is presented, followed by pelvic vein and inferior vena cava occlusion, mesenteric venous thrombosis, upper extremity occlusion, acute cerebral vein thrombosis, and finally acute venous occlusion of hemodialysis access.In acute venous occlusion of the lower extremity phlebography is still the reference gold standard. Presently, duplex ultrasound with manual compression is the most sensitive and specific noninvasive test. Limitations of ultrasonography include isolated distal calf vein occlusion, obesity, and patients with lower extremity edema. If sonography is nondiagnostic, venography should be considered. Magnetic resonance venography can differentiate an acute occlusion from chronic thrombus, but because of its high cost and limited availability, it is not yet used for the routine diagnosis of lower extremity venous occlusion only. Regarding interventional treatment, catheter-directed thrombolysis can be applied to dissolve thrombus in charily selected patients with symptomatic occlusion and no contraindications to therapy. Acute occlusion of the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava, often due to extension from the femoropopliteal system, represents a major risk for pulmonary embolism. Color flow Doppler imaging is often limited owing to obesity and bowel gas. Venography has long been considered the gold standard for identifying proximal venous occlusion. Both CT scanning and MR imaging, however, can even more accurately diagnose acute pelvis vein or inferior vena cava occlusion. MRI is preferred because it is noninvasive, does not require contrast agent, carries no exposure to ionizing radiation, and is highly accurate and reproducible. Apart from catheter-directed thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy has proven to be a quick and safe treatment modality by enabling the recanalization of thrombotic occlusions in conjunction with minimal invasiveness and a low bleeding risk. Mechanical thrombectomy devices should only be used in conjunction with a temporary cava filter.Contrast-enhanced CT is at present considered the examination of choice for acute mesenteric vein occlusion which has mortality rates as high as 80%. Patients with proven acute mesenteric venous occlusion and contraindications to surgical therapy and no identified bleeding disposition without looming bowel ischemia or infarction are possible contenders to the less invasive percutaneous approach either by (in)direct thrombolysis or mechanical means. Ultrasonography is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of upper extremity thrombosis. Computed tomography and MRI are in addition helpful in diagnosing central chest vein occlusions. The interventionalist is rarely involved in the treatment of this entity. Catheter-directed thrombolysis is known to improve lysis rates. Together with balloon angioplasty good results have been obtained. If stenosis or thrombus remains after thrombolysis and angioplasty, stent placement should follow. Within the first two weeks, thrombosed dural sinus and cerebral venous vessels are typically hyperdense on CT compared with brain parenchyma; after the course of 2 weeks, the thrombus will become isodense. In MRI an axial fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence, an axial diffusion-weighted MRI, coronal T1-weighted spin-echo and T2-weighted turbo-spin-echo sequences, a coronal gradient-echo and a 3D phase-contrast venous angiogram should be performed. Local thrombolysis is needed only when patients have an exacerbation of clinical symptoms or imaging signs of worsening disease despite sufficient anticoagulation therapy. Acute occlusions of dia

Haage, Patrick; Krings, Timo; Schmitz-Rode, Thomas

2002-11-01

97

Veno-occlusive liver disease: a case report.  

PubMed

A case of veno-occlusive liver disease (VOLD) in a 12-years old Ethiopian boy is described The salient clinical features and gross and microscopic examination of biopsy material are reviewed. Veno-occlusive disease which occurs in the West Indies, East and West Africa, and India is an acute, subacute or chronic condition that affects the central and sublobular hepatic veins. In the West Indies (1) it is related to the consumption of bush tea made from plants that contain toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids, such as Crotalaria and Senecio (2). Hepatotoxic compounds in Crotalaria, Senecio, Heliotropium and other composite plants can also enter the diet through the contamination of cereals with weed seeds. For example 28 of 67 patients died with veno-occlusive disease in central India after consuming a local cereal, gondli contaminated with the seeds of Crotalaria (3). Heliotropium Popovii has been implicated in outbreaks in villages in northwestern Afghanistan, with high mortality (4). The primary pathological change of hepatic veno-occlusive disease is sub-endothelial edema followed by intimal growth of connective tissue, with narrowing and occlusion of the central and sub-lobular hepatic veins. Atrophy or necrosis of liver cells, with consequent fibrosis leads to gross changes similar to those seen in cardiac cirrhosis, portal hypertension results. The present report, the first of it kind in Ethiopia describes a case of veno-occlusive liver disease in a 12-year old Ethiopian boy. PMID:22946295

Schneider, Jakob; Tsegaye, Yohannes; W/Tensae, Mihret; G/Selassie, Solomon; Haile, Tewodros; Bane, Abate; Ali, Ahmed; Mesfin, Gebrekidan; Seboxa, Teshale

2012-04-01

98

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptom effects of long-term cumulative exposure to ambient levels of total oxidants and nitrogen dioxide in California Seventh-Day Adventist residents  

SciTech Connect

To assess the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptoms due to long-term exposure to ambient levels of total oxidants and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), symptoms were ascertained using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) respiratory symptoms questionnaire. A total of 7,445 Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) nonsmokers who were 25 yr of age or older and had resided at least 11 yr in areas of California with high to low photochemical air pollution were included in this study. Cumulative exposures to each pollutant in excess of four thresholds were estimated for each participant, using zip codes for months of residence and interpolated dosages from state air-monitoring stations. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted individually and together for pollutants and included eight covariables, including passive smoking. A statistically significant association with chronic symptoms was seen for total oxidants above 10 pphm (196 mcg/m3) (p less than .004, relative risk of 1.20 for 750 hr/yr). Chronic respiratory disease symptoms were not associated with relatively low NO2 exposure levels in this population. When these pollutant exposures were studied with exposures to total suspended particulates (TSP) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), only TSP exposure above 200 mcg/m3 showed statistical significance (p less than .01). Exposure to TSP is either more strongly associated with symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than the other measured exposures or is the best single surrogate representing the mix of pollutants present.

Euler, G.L.; Abbey, D.E.; Hodgkin, J.E.; Magie, A.R.

1988-07-01

99

Appearance models for occlusion handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objects in the world exhibit complex interactions. When captured in a video sequence, some interactions manifest themselves as occlusions. A visual tracking system must be able to track objects, which are partially or even fully occluded. In this paper we present a method of tracking objects through occlusions using appearance models. These models are used to localize objects during partial

Andrew W. Senior; Arun Hampapur; Ying-li Tian; Lisa M. G. Brown; Sharath Pankanti; Ruud M. Bolle

2006-01-01

100

A unified mathematical model to quantify performance impairment for both chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation.  

PubMed

Performance prediction models based on the classical two-process model of sleep regulation are reasonably effective at predicting alertness and neurocognitive performance during total sleep deprivation (TSD). However, during sleep restriction (partial sleep loss) performance predictions based on such models have been found to be less accurate. Because most modern operational environments are predominantly characterized by chronic sleep restriction (CSR) rather than by episodic TSD, the practical utility of this class of models has been limited. To better quantify performance during both CSR and TSD, we developed a unified mathematical model that incorporates extant sleep debt as a function of a known sleep/wake history, with recent history exerting greater influence. This incorporation of sleep/wake history into the classical two-process model captures an individual's capacity to recover during sleep as a function of sleep debt and naturally bridges the continuum from CSR to TSD by reducing to the classical two-process model in the case of TSD. We validated the proposed unified model using psychomotor vigilance task data from three prior studies involving TSD, CSR, and sleep extension. We compared and contrasted the fits, within-study predictions, and across-study predictions from the unified model against predictions generated by two previously published models, and found that the unified model more accurately represented multiple experimental studies and consistently predicted sleep restriction scenarios better than the existing models. In addition, we found that the model parameters obtained by fitting TSD data could be used to predict performance in other sleep restriction scenarios for the same study populations, and vice versa. Furthermore, this model better accounted for the relatively slow recovery process that is known to characterize CSR, as well as the enhanced performance that has been shown to result from sleep banking. PMID:23623949

Rajdev, Pooja; Thorsley, David; Rajaraman, Srinivasan; Rupp, Tracy L; Wesensten, Nancy J; Balkin, Thomas J; Reifman, Jaques

2013-08-21

101

Total arsenic concentrations in toenails quantified by two techniques provide a useful biomarker of chronic arsenic exposure in drinking water  

SciTech Connect

Accurate quantitation of any contaminant of interest is critical for exposure assessment and metabolism studies that support risk assessment. A preliminary step in an arsenic exposure assessment study in Nevada quantified total arsenic (TAs) concentrations in tissues as biomarkers of exposure. Participants in this study (n=95) were at least 45 years old, had lived in the area for more than 20 years, and were exposed to a wide range of arsenic concentrations in drinking water (3-2100ppb). Concentrations of TAs in blood, urine, and toenails determined by hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS) ranged from below detection to 0.03, 0.76, and 12ppm, respectively; TAs in blood rarely exceeded the limit of detection. For comparison, TAs in toenails determined by neutron activation analysis (NAA) ranged from below detection to 16ppm. Significant (P<0.0001) positive regressions were seen between the TAs concentration in toenails and in drinking water (adjusted r{sup 2}=0.3557 HG-AFS, adjusted r{sup 2}=0.3922 NAA); TAs concentrations in urine were not described by drinking water As (adjusted r{sup 2}=0.0170, P=0.1369). Analyses of TAs in toenails by HGAFS and NAA yielded highly concordant estimates (r=0.7977, P<0.0001). These results suggest that toenails are a better biomarker of chronic As exposure than urine in the current study, because the sequestration of As in toenails provides an integration of exposure over time that does not occur in urine.

Adair, Blakely M. [Experimental Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (United States)]. E-mail: adair.blakely@epa.gov; Hudgens, Edward E. [Human Studies Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (United States); Schmitt, Michael T. [Human Studies Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (United States); Calderon, Rebecca L. [Human Studies Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (United States); Thomas, David J. [Experimental Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (United States)

2006-06-15

102

Ruptured subscapular artery aneurysm and subclavian artery occlusion in a patient with type 1 neurofibromatosis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Collateral muscular artery aneurysm is exceedingly rare. We report the first case of subscapular artery aneurysm in a patient with type 1 neurofibromatosis and ipsilateral chronic subclavian artery occlusion. Case presentation A 74-year-old Caucasian woman with a medical history of type 1 neurofibromatosis, presented a sudden left pectoral mass, later diagnosed as a ruptured aneurysm of the left subscapular artery. It was caused by a chronic occlusion of the left subclavian artery, diagnosed on angiographies prior to embolization. Conclusions Collateral artery aneurysm in the event of a mainstream muscular artery chronic occlusion may occur in type 1 neurofibromatosis. PMID:24499535

2014-01-01

103

Retinal Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate systematically the various associated systemic and ophthalmic abnormalities in different types of retinal artery occlusion (RAO). Design Cohort study. Participants 439 consecutive untreated patients (499 eyes) with RAO, first seen in our clinic from 1973 to 2000. Methods At first visit, all patients had a detailed ophthalmic and medical history, and comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation. Visual evaluation was done by recording visual acuity, using the Snellen visual acuity chart, and visual fields with a Goldmann perimeter. Initially they also had carotid Doppler/angiography and echocardiography. The same ophthalmic evaluation was performed at each follow-up visit. Main Outcome Measures Demographic features, associated systemic and ophthalmic abnormalities and sources of emboli in various types of RAO. Results RAO was classified into various types of central (CRAO) and branch (BRAO) artery occlusion. In both nonarteritic CRAO and BRAO the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular accidents were significantly higher compared to the prevalence of these conditions in the matched US population (all p<0.0001). Smoking prevalence, compared to the US population, was significantly higher for males (p=0.001) with nonarteritic CRAO and for females with BRAO (p=0.02). Ipsilateral internal carotid artery had ?50% stenosis in 31% of nonarteritic CRAO patients and 30% of BRAO, and plaques in 71% of nonarteritic CRAO and 66% of BRAO. Abnormal echocardiogram with embolic source was seen in 52% of nonarteritic CRAO and 42% of BRAO. Neovascular glaucoma developed in only 2.5% of nonarteritic CRAO eyes. Conclusion This study showed that in CRAO as well as BRAO the prevalence of various cardiovascular diseases and smoking was significantly higher compared to the prevalence of these conditions in the matched US population. Embolism is the most common cause of CRAO and BRAO; plaque in the carotid artery is usually the source of embolism and less commonly the aortic and/or mitral valve. The presence of plaques in the carotid artery is generally of much greater importance than the degree of stenosis in the artery. Contrary to the prevalent misconception, there is no cause-and-effect relationship between CRAO and neovascular glaucoma. PMID:19577305

Hayreh, Sohan Singh; Podhajsky, Patricia A.; Bridget Zimmerman, M.

2009-01-01

104

Inflammation in Retinal Vein Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Retinal vein occlusion is a common, vision-threatening vascular disorder. The role of inflammation in the pathogenesis and clinical consequences of retinal vein occlusion is a topic of growing interest. It has long been recognized that systemic inflammatory disorders, such as autoimmune disease, are a significant risk factor for this condition. A number of more recent laboratory and clinical studies have begun to elucidate the role inflammation may play in the molecular pathways responsible for the vision-impairing consequences of retinal vein occlusion, such as macular edema. This improved understanding of the role of inflammation in retinal vein occlusion has allowed the development of new treatments for the disorder, with additional therapeutic targets and strategies to be identified as our understanding of the topic increases. PMID:23653882

Deobhakta, Avnish; Chang, Louis K.

2013-01-01

105

Changes in bacterial composition and enzymatic activity in ileostomy and ileal reservoir during intermittent occlusion: a study using dogs.  

PubMed Central

Bacterial flora, activities of 10 potential mucus- and dietary polysaccharide-degrading enzymes, blood group antigenicity of the intestinal glycoproteins, and proteolytic activity in the output from experimentally colectomized dogs with conventional ileostomies and dogs with valveless ileal reservoirs (pouches) were determined. The ileostomies of dogs with conventional surgery (group II) and with pouches (group III) were occluded intermittently during a 6-week period. The duration of occlusion was progressively increased. Group I, five dogs with conventional ileostomies, served as a control group. After occlusion of the ileal pouch for 7 h, total numbers of bacteria increased threefold, glycosidase activity increased fivefold, and blood group antigenicity of the intestinal glycoproteins, which was high in the output from the nonoccluded pouch, was no longer detectable. Proteolytic activity was not influenced by occlusion of the pouch. Significantly lower numbers of bacteria, only minor glycosidase activity, high blood group antigenicities of the intestinal glycoproteins, and higher proteolytic activity were found in ileostomy effluents from groups I and II. Histopathological examination showed chronic inflammation and changes in crypt-villus ratio in all dogs with ileal reservoirs; the ileal mucosa from the dogs with conventional ileostomies did not show any abnormalities. Consequences of the flora-related enzyme activities for the ileal mucosa are discussed. PMID:1539967

Ruseler-van Embden, J G; Schouten, W R; van Lieshout, L M; Auwerda, H J

1992-01-01

106

Coarctation of aorta with complete aortic occlusion  

PubMed Central

Survival to advanced age is exceptional in patients with unrepaired aortic coarctation. We report the case of an 81-year-old man with aortic coarctation and total occlusion who was otherwise asymptomatic. Coarctation was suspected when a femoral-radial pulse delay was noted during his routine physical examination. A 70-mmHg systolic blood pressure gradient between the upper and lower extremities was detected. Subsequent magnetic resonance angiography, aortography, and coronary angiography revealed severe coarctation of the aorta, well-developed collateral vessels, and severe coronary artery disease. A staged percutaneous coronary intervention procedure was performed and the coarctation was managed conservatively with antihypertensive medication. PMID:24454333

Ohlow, Marc-Alexander; Lauer, Bernward

2013-01-01

107

Hemodynamics of Prepapillary Vascular Loop in Hemi-Central Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: It has been shown, by indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography, that the prepapillary vascular loops in chronic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) serve as an anastomosis between the retina and the choroidal venous systems. Similar vascular loops may develop in hemi-central retinal vein occlusion (hemi-CRVO).Cases and Methods: I performed indocyanine green and fluorescein angiography using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope in

Kyoichi Takahashi

1999-01-01

108

Intensive occlusion therapy for amblyopia  

PubMed Central

AIM—To study the effects of supervised inpatient occlusion treatment for amblyopia in children who had failed to respond to outpatient treatment.?METHODS—A retrospective study of 39 children admitted to a paediatric ophthalmic ward for 5 days of supervised intensive occlusion therapy having previously failed to respond to outpatient occlusion. Visual acuity of amblyopic and fellow eyes was recorded at each clinic visit before admission, daily during admission, and at each outpatient visit after discharge.?RESULTS—There was no significant overall improvement in visual acuity during a mean of 9 months of attempted outpatient occlusion before admission. During the 5 days of admission 26 children (67%) gained at least one line of acuity in their amblyopic eye and five (13%) gained three or more lines (mean gain 1.03 Snellen lines). The acuities of both the amblyopic and fellow eyes subsequently improved with continuing part time patching as an outpatient, including in nine of the children who did not respond during admission. At the last recorded visit, at a median time of 14 months after discharge, 13 (33%) of the patients had an acuity of at least 6/12 in their amblyopic eye.?CONCLUSIONS—The acuity of amblyopic eyes did not improve without effective treatment. Subsequent supervised inpatient occlusion therapy was effective in the majority of the children.?? PMID:11222336

Dorey, S.; Adams, G.; Lee, J.; Sloper, J.

2001-01-01

109

Precision occlusal splints and the diagnosis of occlusal problems in myogenous orofacial pain patients.  

PubMed

Myogenous orofacial pain is a common nondental pain. There is an unresolved debate on the etiology of this problem. Research has shown that occlusal interferences affect masticatory muscle comfort, coordination, and function. Resolution of these problems with precise occlusal correction indicates that dental occlusion is a causative or contributory factor in myogenous orofacial pain. However, some studies fail to confirm this and instead conclude that occlusion is unrelated to masticatory muscle pain or dysfunction. An explanation for this discrepancy in findings is that these nonconfirmatory studies had not documented any pretreatment or corrected occlusion. Diagnostic casts mounted in centric relation and precision occlusal splints are accurate modalities to diagnose the occlusal problem and its correction in a patient with myogenous orofacial pain. Computerized digital occlusal analysis provides objective data of occlusal contact time and force to accurately assess diagnosis and treatment. The rationale and requirements for proper occlusal splint fabrication with a verified therapeutic occlusion are presented. PMID:24598491

Kidder, Glenn M; Solow, Roger A

2014-01-01

110

Chronic neck pain and masticatory dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic nonspecific neck pain is a common problem in rheumatology and may resist conventional treatment. Pathophysiological links exist between the cervical spine and masticatory system. Occlusal disorders may cause neck pain and may respond to dental treatment. The estimated prevalence of occlusal disorders is about 45%, with half the cases being due to functional factors. Minor repeated masticatory dysfunction (MD)

Jean-François Catanzariti; Thierry Debuse; Bernard Duquesnoy

2005-01-01

111

Aortofemoral graft occlusion: strategy and timing of reoperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors' experience with 46 patients treated over 8.5 years was reviewed to determine the optimal secondary revascularization procedure after occlusion of a unilateral aortobifemoral graft limb. A total of 64 procedures was performed on these patients to restore and maintain graft patency. Repetitive operations for reocclusion were needed in 14 patients (30%). Transcatheter thrombolytic therapy was used in 14

L. S. Erdoes; V. M. Bernhard; S. S. Berman

1995-01-01

112

Monitoring cerebral oxygenation during balloon occlusion with multichannel NIRS.  

PubMed

We report on oxygenation changes noninvasively recorded by multichannel continuous-wave near infrared spectroscopy (CW-NIRS) during endovascular neuroradiologic interventions requiring temporary balloon occlusion of arteries supplying the cerebral circulation. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) provides reference data on the site, timing, and effectiveness of the flow stagnation as well as on the amount and direction of collateral circulation. This setting allows us to relate CW-NIRS findings to brain specific perfusion changes. We focused our analysis on the transition from normal perfusion to vessel occlusion, i.e., before hypoxia becomes clinically apparent. The localization of the maximal response correlated either with the core (occlusion of the middle cerebral artery) or with the watershed areas (occlusion of the internal carotid artery) of the respective vascular territories. In one patient with clinically and angiographically confirmed insufficient collateral flow during carotid artery occlusion, the total hemoglobin concentration became significantly asymmetric, with decreased values in the ipsilateral watershed area and contralaterally increased values. Multichannel CW-NIRS monitoring might serve as an objective and early predictive marker of critical perfusion changes during interventions-to prevent hypoxic damage of the brain. It also might provide valuable human reference data on oxygenation changes as they typically occur during acute stroke. PMID:24301292

Rummel, Christian; Zubler, Christoph; Schroth, Gerhard; Gralla, Jan; Hsieh, Kety; Abela, Eugenio; Hauf, Martinus; Meier, Niklaus; Verma, Rajeev K; Andres, Robert H; Nirkko, Arto C; Wiest, Roland

2014-02-01

113

CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION IN A YOUNG CHINESE POPULATION  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors for central retinal vein occlusion and associated morbidity and mortality in a Chinese population. Methods The participants included patients with central retinal vein occlusion 40 years old and younger. Predisposing factors, mortality, and systemic complications were examined in this group. Results Unilateral (n = 19) and bilateral (n = 3) central retinal vein occlusions were identified in a total of 22 patients (25 eyes), with a mean follow-up time of 37 months. Hypercholesterolemia (65%), hypertriglyceridemia (64%), and hyperhomocysteinemia (42%) were all identified as risk factors. Three patients (14%) developed stroke and 1 (5%) developed transient ischemic attacks during follow-up. Renal failure and pulmonary hypertension resulted in the death of two patients. The mean initial and final visual acuities (±standard deviation) were 20/400 (±20/250) and 20/500 (±20/320), respectively, and treatments did not result in vision improvement (P = 0.57). The poor visual prognosis was likely due to macular edema in 7 eyes (28%), optic atrophy in 4 eyes (16%), and secondary glaucoma in 3 eyes (12%). Conclusion Morbidity and mortality are high in young Chinese patients with central retinal vein occlusion who may have associated serious complications including stroke, blindness, and death. Central retinal vein occlusion may serve as an initial clinical presentation of serious systemic diseases. PMID:20010454

Kuo, Jane Zea-Chin; Lai, Chi-Chun; Ong, Frank Shih-Chang; Shih, Chia-Pang; Yeung, Ling; Chen, Tun-Lu; Chen, Kuan-Jen; Wu, Wei-Chi

2010-01-01

114

Computing Occlusion-Free Viewpoints  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents methods to compute the locus of all viewpoints from which features on known polyhedral objects can be viewed in their entirety without being occluded by anything in the environment. Convex and concave polyhedra with or without holes and the viewing model of perspective projection are employed in this work. Initially, properties of the occlusion-free and occluded loci

Konstantinos A. Tarabanis; Roger Y. Tsai; Anil Kaul

1996-01-01

115

Images from self-occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a complete system for designing, simulating, and fabricating surfaces with shading due to self-occlusion that induce desired input images. Our work is based on a simple observation. Consider a cylindrical hole (a pit) in a planar surface. As the depth of the hole increases, the radiance emitted from the surface patch that contains the hole decreases. This is

Marc Alexa; Wojciech Matusik

2011-01-01

116

Acute retinal arterial occlusive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial section deals with basic sciences; among the various topics briefly discussed are the anatomical features of ophthalmic, central retinal and cilioretinal arteries which may play a role in acute retinal arterial ischemic disorders. Crucial information required in the management of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is the length of time the retina can survive following that. An experimental

Sohan Singh Hayreh

2011-01-01

117

Clinical Features of Proven Basilar Artery Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our study describes the early symptoms and signs of 85 patients with either basilar artery occlusion or bilateral distal vertebral artery occlusion documented by selective angiography. The most common prodromal symptoms were vertigo, nausea, and headache, which occurred during the 2 weeks before the stroke. Angiographic findings of 49 patients were classified into proximal, middle, and distal basilar artery occlusions.

Andreas Ferbert; Hartmut Bruckmann; Renate Drummen

2010-01-01

118

Hemodilution therapy in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systemic hemorheologic abnormalities may play a part in the pathogenesis of central retinal vein occlusions. A statistically significant elevation of plasma viscosity was found in patients with acute central retinal vein occlusion compared with control patients. Local retinal blood flow parameters including arteriovenous passage time and mean arterial dye bolus velocity were significantly altered in the central retinal vein occlusion

Sebastian Wolf; Oliver Arend; Bernd Bertram; Andreas Remky; Karin Schulte; Kenneth J. Wald; Martin Reim

1994-01-01

119

Helicoidal plane of dental occlusion.  

PubMed

A helicoidal plane of postcanine occlusion has been patchily reported in many recent and fossil dentitions of man, and has been suggested as a taxonomic marker distinguishing between the dentitions of Homo and Australopithecines. The present paper describes the helicoidal plane in 19 out of 23 modern human (probably Indian) worn dentitions, in both gracile and robust Australopithecines and in extant anthropoids. It is suggested that tooth wear converts the plane of occlusion present in little-worn teeth, the Monson curve, into a helicoidal plane when 1) the diet is more abrasive, 2) the enamel is thinner and less abrasion resistant, and 3) a longer time separates the eruption of the three molar teeth in a jaw quadrant. A model demonstrates that during the power stroke of a chewing cycle the working side molars move in much the same direction whether the molar occlusal plan follows a Monson curve or a helicoidal plane. The difference is that in the former case the three molars work at the same time while in the latter case they work in sequence from anterior to posterior, thereby concentrating force on one tooth at a time. Because the occlusal plane changes during the life of individuals consuming an abrasive diet, the condition of most anthropoids and hominids, it is argued that the Monson curve has functional significance not because of its influence on occlusal relations and/or jaw movement but because the molar teeth are embedded in bone roughly perpendicular to it, a direction which resists tilting of the teeth during mastication. It is concluded that the helicoidal plane probably has little if any value as a taxonomic marker. PMID:6810702

Osborn, J W

1982-03-01

120

Chronicity of Challenging Behaviours in People with Severe Intellectual Disabilities and\\/or Autism: A Total Population Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The skills, social impairments and challenging behaviours of a total population of 166 children, with severe intellectual disabilities and\\/or autism, were assessed through interview with the main carers, when the children were under 15 years old (time 1). Twelve years later, 141 of these individuals were re-assessed, using the same measures (time 2). “Abnormal” behaviours tended to reduce with age and

Glynis H. Murphy; Julie Beadle-Brown; Lorna Wing; Judy Gould; Amitta Shah; Nan Holmes

2005-01-01

121

Hyperhomocysteinemia and central retinal vein occlusion in Iranian population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose To evaluate total plasma homocysteine level during the acute phase of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in the Iranian\\u000a population and determine whether hyperhomocysteinemia is also a risk factor for CRVO. Methods Fifty-four patients with recently diagnosed CRVO were studied. Their fasting total plasma homocysteine level was compared\\u000a with a matched control group of 51 patients evaluated in the

Sasan Moghimi; Zahra Najmi; Hooshang Faghihi; Reza Karkhaneh; Mohammad Sadegh Farahvash; Maryam Maghsoudipour

2008-01-01

122

Intravitreal bevacizumab for macular edema due to occlusive vasculitis.  

PubMed

Systemic vasculitides can cause retinal vascular pathology, including cotton-wool spots, retinal hemorrhages, vascular occlusion, and capillary nonperfusion. Two main causes of visual decline include macular edema and retinal neovascularization. Presumably, both of these complications are caused by increased intraocular levels of vascular growth and permeability factors. We report a patient with occlusive retinal vasculitis associated with mixed connective tissue disease who was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab for chronic macular edema. One month after treatment, visual acuity improved from 20/80 to 20/60, and foveal thickness decreased from 543 microns to 306 microns. This effect persisted for at least 3 months after treatment. No complications, including increased retinal ischemia, were observed. PMID:17564933

Margolis, Ron; Lowder, Careen Y; Sears, Jonathan E; Kaiser, Peter K

2007-01-01

123

High frequency rotational ablation: an alternative in treating coronary artery stenoses and occlusions.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To prove the safety and effectiveness of high frequency rotational ablation of coronary artery stenoses and occlusion in humans. SUBJECTS--106 patients with symptoms (91 men, 15 women) who had 67 significant stenoses, mainly types B and C, and 46-chronic occlusions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Mean change in diameter stenosis after rotational angioplasty alone and in combination with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty immediately after treatment and 24 hours and six months later; restenosis rates at six months; complication of treatment. RESULTS--Rotational ablation could not be used in five stenoses and 16 chronic occlusions because of inability to reach or cross the lesion with the Rotablator guide wire. In four cases rotational ablation failed. Initial angiographic and clinical success by rotational ablation was achieved in 40 of the 67 stenoses (60%) and in 18 of the 46 chronic occlusions (39%). Additional balloon angioplasty was performed in 45 patients, increasing the success rates to 79% and 54%, respectively. In the 62 stenoses treated by rotational ablation the angiographic diameter stenoses were reduced from 76% (SD 14%) to 32% (14%) after Rotablator treatment alone and from 75% (11%) to 33% (17%) with additional balloon angioplasty. In the 30 chronic occlusions treated by rotational ablation the angiographic diameter stenoses were reduced to 38% (18%). At six months angiographic restenosis was evident in nine of the 25 (36%) stenoses treated with rotational ablation alone, in seven of the 22 (32%) stenoses treated with rotational and balloon angioplasty, and in 14 of the 24 (58%) chronic occlusions. There were no procedural deaths and two patients (2%) underwent emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. Although no transmural infarction occurred, there were five (6%) non-Q wave infarctions (two embolic side branch occlusions, two subacute occlusions, and one acute occlusion). Clinically insignificant slight increases in creatine kinase activity were seen in five patients (6%). Severe coronary artery spasm unresponsive to medical treatment was provoked in seven cases (8%). CONCLUSIONS--High frequency rotational ablation is a safe and effective method for treating type B and C coronary artery lesions with results comparable to percutaneous transluminal coronary balloon angioplasty. The combined use of rotational ablation and balloon angioplasty is feasible and is necessary in about half of all procedures, in most cases because the lumen created by the biggest burr is too small. Images PMID:8217440

Dietz, U; Erbel, R; Rupprecht, H J; Weidmann, S; Meyer, J

1993-01-01

124

Familial central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimTo report four cases of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in a French family.Patients and methodsOphthalmological examination and medical work-up of seven members of the family.ResultsThere were four cases of CRVO in two consecutive generations. Three of them had CRVO in both eyes. Arterial hypertension was present in two, associated to glaucoma in one. Medical work-up did not reveal additional

J-F Girmens; S Scheer; E Héron; J-A Sahel; E Tournier-Lasserve; M Paques

2008-01-01

125

Association between near occlusal contact areas and mixing ability.  

PubMed

This study investigated the relationship between occlusal contact and near contact areas defined by clenching intensity using electromyograms (EMGs) and mixing ability assessed with colour-changeable chewing gum. Participants comprised 44 dentate adults (24 men, 20 women) with a mean age of 28·2 ± 6·8 years. Silicone material was used to measure the occlusal contact and near contact areas (the area of each type of tooth, the total area of the first molar and second molar, the second premolar to the second molar and the first premolar to the second molar) defined by clenching intensity at 10% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). Colour-changeable chewing gum was used to assess mixing ability. A colorimeter was used to measure colour changes, and the calculated colour difference (?E) was used as a measure of mixing ability. Correlation analysis of ?E and occlusal contact and near contact areas revealed a significant positive correlation of 0·47 at 0-160 ?m thicknesses of the silicone registration material of the second molar (P < 0·01). The near contact area with a thickness up to 200 ?m was correlated with mixing ability, with the correlation strengthening as the interocclusal distance increased up to 160 ?m. Notably, occlusal contact and near contact areas of the second molar were strongly correlated with mixing ability in dentate adults. PMID:25155067

Horie, T; Kanazawa, M; Komagamine, Y; Hama, Y; Minakuchi, S

2014-11-01

126

Acute left main coronary artery occlusion  

PubMed Central

The treatment of an acute left main coronary artery occlusion still poses a challenge. In this case report we present a 50-year-old patient with an acute occlusion of the left main artery. After a successful angioplasty without “stenting” due to the complexity of the stenosis the patient underwent a successful bypass surgery. We discuss the therapeutic options of acute left main occlusion regarding medical, interventional and surgical options. PMID:24353543

Burgazli, K. Mehmet; Bilgin, Mehmet; Soydan, Nedim; Chasan, Ridvan; Erdogan, Ali

2013-01-01

127

Occlusal caries diagnosis in permanent teeth: an in vitro study Diagnóstico de cárie oclusal em dentes permanentes: estudo in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reduction in caries prevalence has not occurred uniformly for all dental surfaces. As the occlusal surfaces are still the most likely sites for the development of lesions, new methods of diagnosis are still being evalu- ated. This study compared a laser fluorescence (LF) system (DIAGNOdent) with the Ekstrand's visual system for in vitro detection of occlusal caries. A total

Braz Oral Res; Gisele Angnes; Vivian Angnes; Rosa Helena; Miranda Grande; Márcio Battistella; Alessandro Dourado Loguercio; Alessandra Reis

128

ACUTE RETINAL ARTERIAL OCCLUSIVE DISORDERS  

PubMed Central

The initial section deals with basic sciences; among the various topics briefly discussed are the anatomical features of ophthalmic, central retinal and cilioretinal arteries which may play a role in acute retinal arterial ischemic disorders. Crucial information required in the management of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is the length of time the retina can survive following that. An experimental study shows that CRAO for 97 minutes produces no detectable permanent retinal damage but there is a progressive ischemic damage thereafter, and by 4 hours the retina has suffered irreversible damage. In the clinical section, I discuss at length various controversies on acute retinal arterial ischemic disorders. Classification of acute retinal arterial ischemic disorders These are of 4 types: CRAO, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), cotton wools spots and amaurosis fugax. Both CRAO and BRAO further comprise multiple clinical entities. Contrary to the universal belief, pathogenetically, clinically and for management, CRAO is not one clinical entity but 4 distinct clinical entities – non-arteritic CRAO, non-arteritic CRAO with cilioretinal artery sparing, arteritic CRAO associated with giant cell arteritis (GCA) and transient non-arteritic CRAO. Similarly, BRAO comprises permanent BRAO, transient BRAO and cilioretinal artery occlusion (CLRAO), and the latter further consists of 3 distinct clinical entities - non-arteritic CLRAO alone, non-arteritic CLRAO associated with central retinal vein occlusion and arteritic CLRAO associated with GCA. Understanding these classifications is essential to comprehend fully various aspects of these disorders. Central retinal artery occlusion The pathogeneses, clinical features and management of the various types of CRAO are discussed in detail. Contrary to the prevalent belief, spontaneous improvement in both visual acuity and visual fields does occur, mainly during the first 7 days. The incidence of spontaneous visual acuity improvement during the first 7 days differs significantly (p<0.001) among the 4 types of CRAO; among them, in eyes with initial visual acuity of counting finger or worse, visual acuity improved, remained stable or deteriorated in nonarteritic CRAO in 22%, 66% and 12% respectively; in nonarteritic CRAO with cilioretinal artery sparing in 67%, 33% and none respectively; and in transient nonarteritic CRAO in 82%, 18% and none respectively. Arteritic CRAO shows no change. Recent studies have shown that administration of local intra-arterial thrombolytic agent not only has no beneficial effect but also can be harmful. Prevalent multiple misconceptions on CRAO are discussed. Branch retinal artery occlusion Pathogeneses, clinical features and management of various types of BRAO are discussed at length. The natural history of visual acuity outcome shows a final visual acuity of 20/40 or better in 89% of permanent BRAO cases, 100% of transient BRAO and 100% of nonarteritic CLRAO alone. Cotton wools spots These are common, non-specific acute focal retinal ischemic lesions, seen in many retinopathies. Their pathogenesis and clinical features are discussed in detail. Amaurosis fugax Its pathogenesis, clinical features and management are described. PMID:21620994

Hayreh, Sohan Singh

2011-01-01

129

Comorbidities in combined retinal artery and vein occlusions  

PubMed Central

Background Several general diseases cause blindness in patients with simultaneous combined retinal artery and vein occlusion. Methods/patients We examined 14 patients with acute unilateral visual loss due to combined retinal artery and venous occlusions. All 14 patients presented at the Polyclinic over a period of about 3 years. Fluorescein angiography was carried out in 12 patients to confirm the diagnosis. Ten patients underwent Doppler sonography and 11 echocardiography. Results Concerning systemic diseases, 11 of our 14 patients presented several cardiovascular risk factors, i.e., immunocytoma and arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia in one patient; another patient had chronic bronchitis, tachycardia and hypercholesterolemia. Six patients presented coagulation anomalies, and eight patients had arterial hypertension. Doppler sonography revealed normal carotid arteries in nine of ten patients. In 8 of 11 patients, echocardiography displayed no cardiac abnormalities. Ophthalmoscopy revealed no emboli in any of these patients. Conclusion Unilateral simultaneous combined incomplete retinal artery and venous occlusions should be considered as one entity. Eleven of our patients presented comorbidities reflecting several cardiovascular risk factors. Immunological diseases, malignancies and coagulopathies can cause this ocular disorder, resulting in blindness. No emboli were found in any of these patients. Patients suffering from acute visual loss must be examined for the presence of systemic diseases to enable therapy at an early stage. PMID:23947749

2013-01-01

130

Genetic thrombophilia in patients with retinal vascular occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of genetic thrombophilia in patients with retinal vascular occlusion.Methods: We investigated 116 consecutive patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO, n = 48), branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO, n = 33), central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO, n = 21), branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO, n = 14). All patients underwent

Kathrin Greiner; Dirk Peetz; Andrea Winkgen; Winfried Prellwitz; Norbert Pfeiffer; Gerd Hafner

1999-01-01

131

Effect of total lymphoid irradiation on functional status in chronic multiple sclerosis: importance of lymphopenia early after treatment--the pros  

SciTech Connect

To determine whether immunosuppression by total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) slowed deterioration of chronic progressive multiple sclerosis (MS), functional impairment score and blood lymphocyte counts were compared at 6-month intervals through 4 years following treatment of MS patients by either TLI (n = 27) or sham irradiation (n = 21). At each interval, 20 to 30% fewer TLI-treated patients had deteriorated (p less than 0.05 at 6, 12, and 18 months), and the difference in mean functional impairment score between groups became progressively greater (p less than 0.01 at 42 and 48 months). Benefit accrued principally to the 17 TLI-treated patients with absolute blood lymphocyte counts less than 900/mm3 3 months after treatment, whose mean functional impairment score remained within 0.6 units of baseline (p = NS), whereas the ten TLI patients with higher post-treatment lymphocyte counts had progressive deterioration (p less than 0.05 to p less than 0.001 versus TLI-treated patients with lower lymphocyte counts at all intervals except 30 months) and had deteriorated by more than 5 functional scale units by 42 and 48 months. Side effects were minor and complications rare in TLI-treated patients, but one TLI-treated patient developed staphylococcal sepsis. Thus, TLI slows deterioration of chronic progressive MS, with what appears to be enduring benefit through 4 years compartmented to patients with greater induced lymphopenia. Modification of lymphoid irradiation regimens to increase the proportion of MS patients who achieve a favorable degree of lymphopenia and to avert functional hyposplenism may further improve the benefit/risk ratio.

Devereux, C.; Troiano, R.; Zito, G.; Devereux, R.B.; Kopecky, K.J.; Friedman, R.; Dowling, P.C.; Hafstein, M.P.; Rohowsky-Kochan, C.; Cook, S.D.

1988-07-01

132

Ocular Vascular Thrombotic Events: Central Retinal Vein and Central Retinal Artery Occlusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We prospectively assessed associations of thrombophilia— hypofibrinolysis with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) (40 patients) and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) (9 patients). We used polymerase chain reaction measures for thrombophilia (factor V Leiden, prothrombin, C677T MTHFR, platelet glycoprotein PlA1\\/A2) and hypofibrinolysis (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 4G4G). Serologic thrombophilia measures included protein C, protein S (total and free) and antithrombin III,

Charles J. Glueck; Ping Wang; Robert Hutchins; Michael R. Petersen; Karl Golnik

2008-01-01

133

Permanent cerebral vessel occlusion via double ligature and transection.  

PubMed

Stroke is a leading cause of death, disability, and socioeconomic loss worldwide. The majority of all strokes result from an interruption in blood flow (ischemia). Middle cerebral artery (MCA) delivers a great majority of blood to the lateral surface of the cortex, is the most common site of human stroke, and ischemia within its territory can result in extensive dysfunction or death. Survivors of ischemic stroke often suffer loss or disruption of motor capabilities, sensory deficits, and infarct. In an effort to capture these key characteristics of stroke, and thereby develop effective treatment, a great deal of emphasis is placed upon animal models of ischemia in MCA. Here we present a method of permanently occluding a cortical surface blood vessel. We will present this method using an example of a relevant vessel occlusion that models the most common type, location, and outcome of human stroke, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). In this model, we surgically expose MCA in the adult rat and subsequently occlude via double ligature and transection of the vessel. This pMCAO blocks the proximal cortical branch of MCA, causing ischemia in all of MCA cortical territory, a large portion of the cortex. This method of occlusion can also be used to occlude more distal portions of cortical vessels in order to achieve more focal ischemia targeting a smaller region of cortex. The primary disadvantages of pMCAO are that the surgical procedure is somewhat invasive as a small craniotomy is required to access MCA, though this results in minimal tissue damage. The primary advantages of this model, however, are: the site of occlusion is well defined, the degree of blood flow reduction is consistent, functional and neurological impairment occurs rapidly, infarct size is consistent, and the high rate of survival allows for long-term chronic assessment. PMID:23912746

Davis, Melissa F; Lay, Christopher; Frostig, Ron D

2013-01-01

134

21 CFR 880.5950 - Umbilical occlusion device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Umbilical occlusion device. 880.5950 Section...Therapeutic Devices § 880.5950 Umbilical occlusion device. (a) Identification. An umbilical occlusion device is a clip,...

2010-04-01

135

The effect of occlusal forces on restorations.  

PubMed

This review will focus on the effect occlusal forces, both normal masticatory force and paranormal bruxing and clenching force, have on various restorative materials and their interaction with the teeth through a variety of bonding mechanisms. Salient physical properties of each of the materials will be reviewed, as well as the effect occlusal force has on restoration durability. PMID:23346657

Larson, Thomas D

2012-01-01

136

The effect of occlusal forces on restorations.  

PubMed

This review will focus on the effect occlusal forces, both normal masticatory force and paranormal bruxing and clenching force, have on various restorative materials and their interaction with the teeth through a variety of bonding mechanisms. Salient physical properties of each of the materials will be reviewed, as well as the effect occlusal force has on restoration durability. PMID:25318197

Larson, Thomas D

2014-09-01

137

Robust Multiple Car Tracking with Occlusion Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: In this work we address the problem of occlusion in tracking multiple 3D objects in a knownenvironment and propose a new approach for tracking vehicles in road traffic scenes using anexplicit occlusion reasoning step. We employ a contour tracker based on intensity and motionboundaries. The motion of the contour of the vehicles in the image is assumed to be

Dieter Koller; Joseph Weber; Jitendra Malik

1994-01-01

138

Longitudinal trajectory of sexual functioning after hematopoietic cell transplantation: impact of chronic graft-versus-host disease and total body irradiation.  

PubMed

This prospective study described the trajectory of sexual well-being from before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to 3 years after in 131 allogeneic and 146 autologous HCT recipients using Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function and Derogatis Global Sexual Satisfaction Index. Sixty-one percent of men and 37% of women were sexually active pre-HCT; the prevalence declined to 51% (P = .01) in men and increased to 48% (P = .02) in women at 3 years post-HCT. After HCT, sexual satisfaction declined in both sexes (P < .001). All sexual function domains were worse in women compared with men (P ? .001). Orgasm (P = .002) and drive/relationship (P < .001) declined in men, but sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .01) and sexual behavior/experience (P = .01) improved in women. Older age negatively impacted sexual function post-HCT in both sexes (P < .01). Chronic graft-versus-host disease was associated with lower sexual cognition/fantasy (P = .003) and orgasm (P = .006) in men and sexual arousal (P = .05) and sexual satisfaction (P = .005) in women. All male sexual function domains declined after total body irradiation (P < .05). This study identifies vulnerable subpopulations that could benefit from interventional strategies to improve sexual well-being. PMID:24159171

Wong, F Lennie; Francisco, Liton; Togawa, Kayo; Kim, Heeyoung; Bosworth, Alysia; Atencio, Liezl; Hanby, Cara; Grant, Marcia; Kandeel, Fouad; Forman, Stephen J; Bhatia, Smita

2013-12-01

139

[Psychophysiological development of two generations of female rats chronically exposed to gamma-irradiation during pregnancy in the total dose of 1 Gy and its modification by melanin].  

PubMed

The purpose of the work was to study the embryotoxic action of chronic gamma-irradiation of pregnant female rats (F0) during the first 10 days of pregnancy in the total dose of 1 Gy (mean dose rate of 5.31 mGy/hour) on psychophysiological development of posterity of the first (F1) and the second (F2) generations and its modification by natural pigment melanin (peroral 10 mg/kg once per day during the irradiation). 54 pregnant female Wistar rats were the objects of research were their 180 descendants of the first generation and about 400 descendants of the second generation of maternal and of paternal lines. Psychophysiological development and its correction by melanin estimated on ability to learning with the test of training a conditioned avoidance reflex in the shuttle box. Precise negative action of gamma-irradiation in the aforesaid dose on psychophysiological development of posterity of the first generation is established. At rats of the second generation the inferiority is shown mainly at descendants of maternal line. Application of melanin of natural origin in most cases diminished negative consequences of the irradiation. PMID:17571726

Pavlova, L N; Zhavoronkov, L P; Palyga, G F; Kolganova, O I; Glushakova, V S; Chibisova, O F; Ivanov, V L

2007-01-01

140

Long-term ambient concentrations of total suspended particulates and oxidants as related to incidence of chronic disease in California Seventh-Day Adventists.  

PubMed Central

Cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort of 6000 nonsmoking California Seventh-Day Adventists were monitored for a 6-year period, and relationships with long-term cumulative ambient air pollution were observed. Total suspended particulates (TSP) and ozone were measured in terms of numbers of hours in excess of several threshold levels corresponding to national standards as well as mean concentration. For all malignant neoplasms among females, risk increased with increasing exceedance frequencies of all thresholds of TSP except the lowest one, and those increased risks were highly statistically significant. For respiratory cancers, increased risk was associated with only one threshold of ozone, and this result was of borderline significance. Respiratory disease symptoms were assessed in 1977 and again in 1987 using the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute respiratory symptoms questionnaire on a subcohort of 3914 individuals. Multivariate analyses which adjusted for past and passive smoking and occupational exposures indicated statistically significantly (p less than 0.05) elevated relative risks ranging up to 1.7 for incidence of asthma, definite symptoms of airway obstructive disease, and chronic bronchitis with TSP in excess of all thresholds except the lowest one but not for any thresholds of ozone. A trend association (p = 0.056) was noted between the threshold of 10 pphm ozone and incidence of asthma. These results are presented within the context of standards setting for these constituents of air pollution. PMID:1954938

Abbey, D E; Mills, P K; Petersen, F F; Beeson, W L

1991-01-01

141

Total parathyroidectomy without autotransplantation for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic kidney disease: clinical and laboratory long-term follow-up.  

PubMed

Forty-six consecutive patients who underwent total parathyroidectomy (tPTX) for hyperparathyroidism associated with end-stage kidney disease (CKD5) in a University Hospital from 1990 to 1999 were included in a long-term observational study. Outcome parameters included symptoms (bone pain, pruritus and muscle weakness evaluated by visual analog scales [VAS]) and laboratory data (intact parathyroid hormone [iPTH], total calcium, and alkaline phosphatase) assessed before, shortly postoperatively and then at a later time point: 40 patients were on maintenance hemodialysis and six on conservative medical therapy. Forty-four patients had four glands removed, while only three glands were found in the remaining two. Perioperative complications consisted of acute symptomatic hypocalcemia in 10 (22%) patients and non-specific complaints in three (7%). No laryngeal nerve palsies occurred. After a median follow-up of eight years, 43 subjects were evaluated: 37 (86%) were cured, three (7%) had persistent and three (7%) recurrent disease. Eleven patients underwent successful renal transplantation and 23 died during the period of observation. iPTH decreased from a mean of 1084+/-505 pg/ml to 120+/-381 pg/ml (p < 0.0001). No subsequent bone fractures, persistent bone pain or disability were reported; this includes patients who later received a functioning renal graft. tPTX was able to correct hyperparathyroidism in most of the patients and was associated with a low long-term relapse rate. iPTH levels remained low in 17 cases without symptoms and no clinically significant side effects. The beneficial effects of tPTX occurred in the majority of patients while renal transplantation was performed in a minority of patients. tPTX should be considered a safe and successful procedure for the treatment of severe secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic kidney disease. PMID:20435429

Puccini, M; Carpi, A; Cupisti, A; Caprioli, R; Iacconi, P; Barsotti, M; Buccianti, P; Mechanick, J; Nicolini, A; Miccoli, P

2010-05-01

142

Bilateral mechanical rotational vertebral artery occlusion.  

PubMed

Rotational vertebral artery occlusion, or bow hunter's stroke, is reversible, positional symptomatic vertebrobasilar ischemia. The typical mechanism of action is obstruction of a dominant vertebral artery with contralateral head rotation in the setting of baseline ipsilateral vertebral artery stenosis or occlusion. Here we present a rare case of mechanical occlusion of bilateral patent vertebral arteries manifesting as near syncope with rightward head rotation. Diagnostic cerebral angiography showed dynamic right C5 vertebral occlusion and left C2 vertebral occlusion. The patient underwent right C4/5 transverse process decompression. Postoperative angiogram showed patent flow through the right vertebral artery in neutral position and with head turn with resultant resolution of symptoms. PMID:23465174

Dargon, Phong T; Liang, Conrad W; Kohal, Anmol; Dogan, Aclan; Barnwell, Stanley L; Landry, Gregory J

2013-10-01

143

Anatomical significance in aortoiliac occlusive disease.  

PubMed

Aortoiliac occlusive disease is a subset of peripheral arterial disease involving an atheromatous occlusion of the infrarenal aorta, common iliac arteries, or both. The disease, as it is known today, was described by the French surgeon René Leriche as a thrombotic occlusion of the end of the aorta. Leriche successfully linked the anatomic location of the occlusion with a unique triad of symptoms, including claudication, impotence, and decreased peripheral pulses. The anatomical location of the atheromatous lesions also has a direct influence on classification of the disease, as well as choice of treatment modality. Considering its impact on diagnosis and treatment, we aimed to provide a detailed understanding of the anatomical structures involved in aortoiliac occlusive disease. Familiarity with these structures will aid the physician in interpretation of radiologic images and surgical planning. Clin. Anat. 27:1264-1274, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25065617

Wooten, Candace; Hayat, Munawar; du Plessis, Maira; Cesmebasi, Alper; Koesterer, Michael; Daly, Kevin P; Matusz, Petru; Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios

2014-11-01

144

Comparison of total body irradiation vs chlorambucil and prednisone for remission induction of active chronic lymphocytic leukemia: an ECOG study. Part I: total body irradiation-response and toxicity  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-six evaluable patients were entered into two fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) programs; 11 patients received a course of 150 rad TBI (x 3 if tolerated) and 15 patients received a lower dose course of 50 rad (x 3 if tolerated). Complete remissions (CR) were not produced by either course; however, the higher dose course (Plan I) yielded a partial response (PR) rate of 73%, while the lower dose course yielded a PR of 47%. Although fraction size seemed trivial in both TBI plans, an unexpected high degree of hematologic toxicity was encountered, and was parallel to the response rates: in Plan I 73% of patients experienced severe to life-threatening depression of platelets, or granulocytes, whereas in Plan II this rate was 47%. This was of short duration with rapid return of blood counts to normal levels. One death can be attributed to TBI. The chemotherapy arm of the study demonstrated superiority in terms of complete responses. Twenty-three percent of patients treated by cholrambucil and prednisone attained CR, in contrast to 0% of TBI patients. PR for chemotherapy was similar to that obtained with TBI. Chemotherapy also proved superior in terms of overall response rate, number of patients in remission, and in the median duration of response, but not in the median duration of survival. Fractional TBI techniques for active chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) should be interrupted when the platelet count dips below 100,000 and the granulocyte count is lower than 2,000. Future studies should continue TBI radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Rubin, P. (Univ. of Rochester, NY); Bennent, J.M.; Begg, C.; Bozdech, M.J.; Silber, R.

1981-12-01

145

Special report: Occlusive cuff controller  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mechanical occlusive cuff controller suitable for blood flow experiments in space shuttle flights is described. The device requires 115 volt ac power and a pressurized gas source. Two occluding cuff pressures (30 and 50 mmHg) are selectable by a switch on the front panel. A screw driver adjustment allows accurate cuff pressurization levels for under or oversized limbs. Two pressurization cycles (20 second and 2 minutes) can be selected by a front panel switch. Adjustment of the timing cycles is also available through the front panel. A pushbutton hand switch allows remote start of the cuff inflation cycle. A stop/reset switch permits early termination of the cycle and disabling of the controller to prevent inadvertent reactivation. Pressure in the cuff is monitored by a differential aneroid barometer. In addition, an electrocardiogram trigger circuit permits the initiation of the pressurization cycle by an externally supplied ECG cycle.

Baker, J. T.

1975-01-01

146

[Therapy of peripheral arterial occlusive disease with special reference to prostaglandins].  

PubMed

Therapy of chronic arterial occlusive disease primarily includes evaluation and treatment of risk factors as prophylaxis for preventing progression of arteriosclerosis. When patients suffer from claudication walking exercise is the therapy of choice. Only in cases with severe claudication (walking distance under 100 m) and rest pain or ischemic ulcers reopening procedures are necessary. Bypass surgery is supported by the different transluminal angioplasty techniques, which are suited even for older and multimorbid patients. A pharmacological treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease should be introduced only for preventing progression of the disease or re-occlusions following surgery or angioplasty or in those cases in whom reopening techniques are not possible or not successful. Here prostaglandin E1 has been proven to be effective in many clinical trials. The combination of surgery, angioplasty and pharmacological treatment allows to avoid major amputations in most patients with critical limb ischemia. PMID:1828125

Creutzig, A

1991-03-01

147

Proteinuria and plasma total homocysteine levels in chronic renal disease patients with a normal range serum creatinine: critical impact of true glomerular filtration rate.  

PubMed

Conflicting data have been reported concerning the independent association between proteinuria and plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels, particularly among chronic renal disease (CRD) patients with a normal range serum creatinine. Studies of this potential relationship have been limited by failure to assess true GFR, failure to assess proteinuria in a quantitative manner, or arbitrary restriction of the range of proteinuria examined. We examined the potential independent relationship between plasma tHcy levels and a wide range of quantitatively determined proteinuria (i.e., 0.000-8.340 g/day), among 109 CRD patients with a normal range serum creatinine (range; 0.8-1.5 mg/dl; median=1.2 mg/dl). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was directly assessed by iohexol clearance, and plasma status of folate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and B12, along with serum albumin, were also determined. Linear modeling with ANCOVA revealed that proteinuria was not independently associated with tHcy levels (partial R=0.127; P=0.201), after adjustment for potential confounding by GFR (partial R=0.408; P<0.001), age, sex, plasma B-vitamin status, and serum albumin. Moreover, descending across quartiles (Q) [from Q4 to Q1] of GFR, ANCOVA-adjusted (i.e., for age, sex, and folate status) geometric mean tHcy levels (micromol/l) were significantly increased: tHcy Q4 GFR=9.6; tHcy Q3 GFR=10.5; tHcy Q2 GFR=11.9; tHcy Q4 GFR=14.5; P<0.001 for overall Q difference. We conclude that across a broad spectrum of quantitatively determined proteinuria, after adjustment for true GFR, in particular, there is no independent relationship between proteinuria and tHcy levels among CRD patients with a normal range serum creatinine. PMID:11689224

Bostom, A G; Kronenberg, F; Jacques, P F; Kuen, E; Ritz, E; König, P; Kraatz, G; Lhotta, K; Mann, J F; Müller, G A; Neyer, U; Riegel, W; Schwenger, V; Riegler, P; Selhub, J

2001-11-01

148

Technique, Complication, and Long-Term Outcome for Endovascular Treatment of Iliac Artery Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to report technical details, procedure-related complications, and results of endovascular treatment in chronic iliac artery occlusion. Between 2001 and 2008, endovascular treatments of 127 chronic iliac artery occlusions in 118 patients (8 women and 110 men; mean age, 59 years) were retrospectively reviewed. The study was based on Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery Standards). All occlusions were treated with stent placement with or without preliminary balloon angioplasty. Kaplan-Meier estimators were used to determine patency rates. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine variables affecting successful recanalization, major complications, early stent thrombosis ({<=}30 days), and primary and secondary patency rates. Initial technical success was achieved in 117 (92%) procedures. Successful recanalization was obtained by antegrade approach in 69 of 77 (90%) procedures and by retrograde approach in 52 of 105 (50%) procedures (p < 0.001). Complications were encountered in 28 (24%) patients [minor in 7 patients (6%) and major in 22 patients (19%)]. One death occurred in the operative period secondary to iliac artery rupture. Early stent thrombosis was seen in eight (7%) patients. Presence of critical limb ischemia (p = 0.03), subintimal recanalization (p = 0.03), and major complication (p = 0.02) were the independent predictors of early stent thrombosis on multivariate analysis. Primary and secondary patency rates at 5 years were 63 and 93%, respectively. Presence of critical limb ischemia, TASC type C iliac lesions, combined occlusions of both common and external iliac arteries, and major complications were associated with decreased patency rates on univariate analysis, whereas these factors were not independent predictors of stent patency on multivariate analysis. In conclusion, endovascular treatment of iliac artery occlusion has a high technical success rate with favorable long-term patency rate. Success of recanalization increases with use of the antegrade approach and with the presence of a stump of artery before the occlusion.

Ozkan, Ugur, E-mail: radugur@yahoo.com; Oguzkurt, Levent; Tercan, Fahri [Baskent University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey)

2010-02-15

149

Serum hepatitis B surface antigen is correlated with intrahepatic total HBV DNA and cccDNA in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis B but not in patients with HBV related hepatocellular carcinoma.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate correlations between intrahepatic hepatitis B virus total DNA, covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), and serum HBsAg in treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B and HBV related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver tissues were taken from 42 HBV related HCC and 36 patients with chronic hepatitis B. A fraction of DNA extracted from liver tissue was digested with a plasmid-safe ATP-dependent DNase and used for HBV cccDNA detection. The remaining DNA was used for the detection of HBV total DNA and ?-globin, the latter of which is a housekeeping gene and quantified for normalization by real-time PCR. Quantitation of serum HBsAg was performed by a chemiluminescence assay. Serum HBsAg had positive correlations with serum HBV DNA (r?=?0.636, P?total DNA (r?=?0.519, P?=?0.001) and cccDNA (r?=?0.733, P?chronic hepatitis B, while HBsAg correlated poorly with DNA (r?=?0.224, P?=?0.210), intrahepatic total DNA and cccDNA in the tumor (r?=?0.351, P?=?0.031; r?=?0.164, P?=?0.324, respectively) and non-tumor (r?=?0.237, P?=?0.152; r?=?0.072, P?=?0.667, respectively) liver tissues of 42 HCC. HBV cccDNA and total DNA were significantly higher in liver tissue from chronic hepatitis B than in tumor and non-tumor of HCC (P?chronic hepatitis B than in HCC (P?total DNA were significantly higher in chronic hepatitis B than in HCC, and significant correlations among them were observed in treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B but not in HCC. PMID:23168998

Wang, Meirong; Qiu, Ning; Lu, Shichun; Xiu, Dianrong; Yu, Jianguo; Wang, Xing Tai; Lu, Fengmin; Li, Tong; Liu, Xueen; Zhuang, Hui

2013-02-01

150

Occlusive vascular disorders of the upper extremity.  

PubMed

Arterial occlusive disease of the upper extremity is most often due to posttraumatic occlusion of the ulnar artery. An embolic source of the ischemia should be considered most strongly when sudden ischemia or vasospasm is associated with atrial fibrillation or follows a myocardial infarction. Connective tissue disorders and several arteridities are infrequent causes of upper-extremity occlusive disease and can usually be detected by a thorough peripheral vascular examination and blood studies. Atherosclerosis of the upper extremity is usually localized to the region of the subclavian artery and can present as a subclavian steal syndrome or arm ischemia. Finally, upper-extremity venous occlusive disease occurs in association with the hypercoagulable state, venous endothelial injury, or arises in otherwise healthy patients because of venous impingement in the thoracic outlet. PMID:8444972

Zimmerman, N B

1993-02-01

151

Pancreatic Remnant Occlusion after Whipple's Procedure: An Alternative Oncologically Safe Method  

PubMed Central

Introduction. To present our experience regarding the use of pancreatic stump occlusion technique as an alternative management of the pancreatic remnant after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Methods. Between 2002 and 2009, hospital records of 93 patients who had undergone a Whipple's procedure for either pancreatic-periampullary cancer or chronic pancreatitis were retrospectively studied. In 37 patients the pancreatic duct was occluded by stapling and running suture without anastomosis of the pancreatic remnant, whereas in 56 patients a pancreaticojejunostomy was performed. Operative data, postoperative complications, oncological parameters, and survival rates were recorded. Results. 2/37 patients of the occlusion group and 9/56 patients of the anastomosis group were treated for chronic pancreatitis, whereas 35/37 and 47/56 patients for periampullary malignancies. The duration of surgery for the anastomosis group was significantly longer (mean time 220 versus 180 minutes). Mean hospitalization time was 6 days for both groups. The occlusion group had a lower morbidity rate (24% versus 32%). With regard to postoperative complications, a slightly higher incidence of pancreatic fistulas was observed in the anastomosis group. Conclusions. Pancreatic remnant occlusion is a safe, technically feasible, and reducing postoperative complications alternative approach of the pancreatic stump during Whipple's procedure. PMID:23986875

Theodosopoulos, Theodosios; Dellaportas, Dionysios; Yiallourou, Anneza I.; Gkiokas, George; Polymeneas, George; Fotopoulos, Alexios

2013-01-01

152

Workflow Optimization in Vertebrobasilar Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

Objective: In vertebrobasilar occlusion, rapid recanalization is the only substantial means to improve the prognosis. We introduced a standard operating procedure (SOP) for interventional therapy to analyze the effects on interdisciplinary time management. Methods: Intrahospital time periods between hospital admission and neuroradiological intervention were retrospectively analyzed, together with the patients' outcome, before (n = 18) and after (n = 20) implementation of the SOP. Results: After implementation of the SOP, we observed statistically significant improvement of postinterventional patient neurological status (p = 0.017). In addition, we found a decrease of 5:33 h for the mean time period from hospital admission until neuroradiological intervention. The recanalization rate increased from 72.2% to 80% after implementation of the SOP. Conclusion: Our results underscore the relevance of SOP implementation and analysis of time management for clinical workflow optimization. Both may trigger awareness for the need of efficient interdisciplinary time management. This could be an explanation for the decreased time periods and improved postinterventional patient status after SOP implementation.

Kamper, Lars, E-mail: lars.kamper@helios-kliniken.de; Meyn, Hannes [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Rybacki, Konrad [University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Nordmeyer, Simone [St. Josef-Hospital Oberhausen, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (Germany); Kempkes, Udo; Piroth, Werner [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Isenmann, Stefan [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Neurology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Haage, Patrick [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany)

2012-06-15

153

Customized anterior guidance for occlusal devices: classification and rationale.  

PubMed

Occlusal devices can protect the dentition from attrition and are commonly prescribed for the treatment of myogenous orofacial pain. The occlusal scheme of the device controls the forces on teeth during mandibular closure and excursions. Smooth anterior guidance from anterior teeth contact and posterior teeth disclusion has been described as a component of a therapeutic occlusion. Clinical research on the effects of occlusal devices is extensive, but documentation about the actual occlusion studied is lacking. A classification of anterior guidance design for occlusal devices and the rationale for optimum force distribution is presented. This classification can guide clinicians as to the criteria for proper occlusal device fabrication and improve dental research. PMID:24079560

Solow, Roger A

2013-10-01

154

Stenting in Acute Lower Limb Arterial Occlusions  

SciTech Connect

Management of critical limb ischemia of acute onset includes surgical embolectomy, bypass grafting, aspiration thrombectomy, thrombolysis, and mechanical thrombectomy followed by treatment of the underlying cause. We present our experience with the use of stents to treat acute embolic/thrombotic occlusions in one iliac and three femoropopliteal arteries. Although this is a small case series, excellent immediate and midterm results suggest that stenting of acute occlusions of the iliac, superficial femoral, and popliteal arteries is a safe and effective treatment option.

Raja, Jowad; Munneke, Graham; Morgan, Robert; Belli, Anna-Maria, E-mail: anna.belli@stgeorges.nhs.u [St George's Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2008-07-15

155

Symptomatic subclavian artery occlusion: a case study.  

PubMed

Although symptomatic upper extremity ischemia due to subclavian artery occlusion is uncommon, it is a recognized syndrome in the vascular literature. When it does occur, significant functional disabilities can result. Carotid-subclavian bypass is one approach to revascularization of the ischemic upper extremity. Nurses should be aware of the signs and symptoms of subclavian artery occlusion, the appropriate assessments, pre-op and post-op interventions, and educational needs of these patients. PMID:1772774

Kowallek, D L

1991-12-01

156

Regional blood flow occlusion during extensive pelvic procedures for ovarian cancer: a randomized trial.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of intraoperative aortic occlusion on blood loss and operative time when used during en bloc resection of internal reproductive organs, pelvic peritoneum, and rectosigmoid colon [modified posterior exenteration (MPE)] for primary cytoreduction of ovarian cancer. Patients undergoing MPE, without palpable distal aortic plaque or calcification, were randomized to: (a) complete distal aortic occlusion (occlusion, or (c) no regional blood flow occlusion. Outcomes were compared with respect to blood loss, operative time, and the transfusion rate (anova analysis of variance). Fifty-six patients were accrued. Groups were equivalent with respect to age, disease severity, extent of upper abdominal surgery done, and cytoreductive outcomes. Aortic occlusion significantly reduced the total operative time (P = 0.02), estimated blood loss (P = 0.01), transfusion rate (P = 0.02), hospital stay (P = 0.05), and both operative time (P occlusion significantly reduces the blood loss and operative time for patients requiring MPE in the context of primary cytoreductive operations. PMID:15304173

Eisenkop, S M; Spirtos, N M; Lin, W M; Rafidi, F; Gross, G M

2004-01-01

157

Excimer laser ablation in the treatment of total chronic obstructions in critical limb ischaemia in diabetic patients. Sustained efficacy of plaque recanalisation in mid-term results.  

PubMed

This prospective study aims to evaluate the impact of the excimer laser technology as the first-line endovascular treatment of critical limb ischaemia (CLI) in diabetic patients. The protocol allowed the use of laser ablation of obstructive lesions when conventional endoluminal guidewire crossing of the plaque was unsuccessful. We extrapolate the data of consecutive patients treated, who completed at least 12 months of follow-up, extending the observation to a 26-month time frame. During this period, 67 diabetic patients with CLI were brought to the Cath Lab for 'operative angioplasty' and to be treated with endovascular techniques. Of the 67 cases, laser was used on 35 patients to treat 51 lesions. All patients had type C or D occlusive lesions, according to the TACS II classification, showing a single type D plaque or multiple tandem C/D occlusive plaques ranging from 4 to 23 cm in length. The immediate clinical success, defined as restored direct arterial flow to the foot, was 88.2%. The lesions were successfully crossed by laser in 45 out of 51 attempts. Stents were required in 25% of the patients with 21% lesions. Patency rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The patency rates of the successfully treated lesions (freedom from target lesion revascularisation) were 96.6% at 12 months and 82.7% at 24 months. Limb-salvage rate at 12 and 24 months were 100% and 94%, respectively. Our study showed that the excimer laser-assisted angioplasty, when feasible, is effective in granting event-free survival in CLI patients with diabetes, and that endoluminal-driven atherectomy allows long-term success in reducing the need of stents in the lower limb arteries. PMID:19939709

Serino, F; Cao, Y; Renzi, C; Mascellari, L; Toscanella, F; Raskovic, D; Tempesta, P; Bandiera, G; Santini, A

2010-02-01

158

Retinal artery occlusions in children.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to present a case of RAO in a 13 year old girl with a preceding history of hyperextension of the neck at her hairdressers for a long duration and use of her mobile phone handset resting it against the side of her neck presumably exerting some pressure on carotids during the same time. Materials and methods of this study was reported as case report and review of literature. A 13 year-old girl presented with the left supero-nasal scotoma due to an inferior temporal branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO). She underwent extensive investigations and no underlying cause was discovered. She gave a history of cervical extension over a long period of time while having the hair coloured twice in the preceding week. She also mentioned that she was using her mobile phone more or less continuously during both these occasions keeping it against her neck. Given the above history it is possible that the pressure on the ipsilateral carotid arteries or the prolong neck extension may have been responsible for the formation of a platelet embolus resulting in the BRAO. In conclusion, although cerebro-vascular accidents due to 'beauty parlor stroke syndrome' (JAMA 269:2085-2086, 1993) have been reported previously it has not been reported in children to our knowledge. On the other hand, 'beauty parlor stroke syndrome' occurs due to a dissection of the vertebral arteries or due to mechanical compression of the vertebral arteries during the prolonged hyperextension of the neck. The central retinal artery originates from the internal carotid circulation and it is highly unlikely for an embolus to enter the retinal circulation from the vertebral arteries. Therefore, the authors favour the possibility that the compulsive use of a mobile phone exerting pressure on the carotid arteries for a long time may have led to the formation of an embolus and subsequent RAO in this case. PMID:23440575

Dharmasena, Aruna; Wallis, Simon

2014-01-01

159

Compliance of amblyopic patients with occlusion therapy: A pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background: Increasing evidence shows that good compliance with occlusion therapy is paramount for successful amblyopia therapy. Purpose: To study the degree of compliance and explore factors affecting compliance in patients undergoing occlusion therapy for amblyopia in our practice. Design: Nonrandomized clinical intervention study. Materials and Methods: A total of 31 families with a child (aged 2-12 years), undergoing unilateral amblyopia treatment at the pediatric ophthalmology clinic of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, were recruited for this one month study. Parents were interviewed and completed a closed-ended questionnaire. Clinical data including, visual acuity, refraction, diagnosis and treatment, for each patient was collected from the hospital chart and was entered in a data collection sheet. Compliance with occlusion therapy was assessed by self-report accounts of parents and was graded into good, partial, or poor. Association between various factors and degree of compliance was studied using logistic regression modeling. Results: Only 14 (45%) patients showed good compliance to occlusion therapy. 17 (55%) patients were noncompliant. Improvement in visual acuity strongly correlated with compliance to patching (P = 0.008). Other variables that were studied included, age at onset of therapy; gender; degree of amblyopia; type of amblyopia; use of glasses; and compliance with glasses. These did not emerge as significant predictors of compliance. All but one family with poor compliance stated that the main challenge in following the recommendation to patch for requisite hours was in getting their child to cooperate. Only in one instance, the family cited nonavailability of patches as the main hindrance to compliance. 10/31 (32%) families expressed a desire for more information and 18/31 (58%) parents did not understand that amblyopia meant decreased vision. Conclusion: Poor compliance is a barrier to successful amblyopia therapy in our practice. Improvement in visual acuity is associated with better compliance with patching. Parents find it difficult to comprehend and retain verbal explanations of various components regarding occlusion therapy for amblyopia. Future study with a larger sample of patients is recommended to investigate the factors affecting compliance with amblyopia therapy and determine predictors for poor compliance. PMID:20671832

Al-Zuhaibi, Sana; Al-Harthi, Iman; Cooymans, Pascale; Al-Busaidi, Aisha; Al-Farsi, Yahya; Ganesh, Anuradha

2009-01-01

160

Occlusal variation in a rural Kentucky community.  

PubMed

Some major theories concerning the etiology of malocclusion and its modern increase in frequency include genetic explanations, such as inbreeding, racial crossing, and accumulation of mutations, as well as such environmental causes as "habits," allergies, and caries causing reduced arch space of premature deciduous tooth loss. Reduction of masticatory stress resulting from modern urbanism is less often considered as an agent. Many examples of acquisition of gross malocclusion in aboriginal peoples immediately following dietary "modernization" contradict the genetic explanations. A rural population from central Kentucky presents several propitious social characteristics for epidemiologic study of occlusion. They have experienced almost no professional dental care, they are highly inbred (but less so during the last 30 years), and their diet included many difficult-to-chew foods until the recent introduction of industry to the area. Occlusion was evaluated according to the criteria of the Treatment Priority Index. The temporal change and correlates of occlusal variation were assessed on wax-bite impressions of thirty-four persons, informant dietary histories, and other information. The older inhabitants raised on more traditional diets show significantly better occlusion. Dietary consistency provides the most powerful explanation for the transition in occlusal variation, through it was not conclusive in these data. PMID:6938135

Corruccini, R S; Whitley, L D

1981-03-01

161

Primary Stenting in Infrarenal Aortic Occlusive Disease  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the results of primary stenting in aortic occlusive disease.Methods: Thirty patients underwent primary stenting of focal concentric (n = 2) and complex aortic stenoses (n = 19), and aortic or aorto-iliac occlusions (n = 9). Sixteen patients underwent endovascular outflow procedures, three of whom also had distal open surgical reconstructions. Median follow-up was 16 months (range 1-60 months).Results: Guidewire crossing of two aorto-biiliac occlusions failed, resulting in a 93% (28/30) technical success. Major complications included one access hematoma, one myocardial infarction, one death (recurrent thromboembolism) in a patient with widespread malignancy, and one fatal hemorrhage during thrombolysis of distal emboli from a recanalized occluded iliac artery. One patient did not improve his symptoms, resulting in a 1-month clinical success of 83% (25/30). Following restenting the 26 stented survivors changed their clinical limb status to +3 (n = 17) and +2 (n = 9). During follow-up one symptomatic aortic restenosis occurred and was successfully restented.Conclusions: Primary stenting of complex aortic stenoses and short occlusions is an attractive alternative to conventional surgery. Larger studies with longer follow-up and stratification of lesion morphology are warranted to define its role relative to balloon angioplasty. Stenting of aorto-biiliac occlusions is feasible but its role relative to bypass grafting remains to be defined.

Nyman, Ulf; Uher, Petr; Lindh, Mats [Department of Radiology, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden); Lindblad, Bengt [Department of Vascular and Renal Diseases, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden); Ivancev, Krasnodar [Department of Radiology, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden)

2000-03-15

162

Effect of gender, facial dimensions, body mass index and type of functional occlusion on bite force  

PubMed Central

Objective Some factors such as gender, age, craniofacial morphology, body structure, occlusal contact patterns may affect the maximum bite force. Thus, the purposes of this study were to determine the mean maximum bite force in individuals with normal occlusion, and to examine the effect of gender, facial dimensions, body mass index (BMI), type of functional occlusion (canine guidance and group function occlusion) and balancing side interferences on it. Material and Methods Thirty-four individuals aged 19-20 years-old were selected for this study. Maximum bite force was measured with strain-gauge transducers at first molar region. Facial dimensions were defined by standardized frontal photographs as follows: anterior total facial height (ATFH), bizygomathic facial width (BFW) and intergonial width (IGW). BMI was calculated using the equation weight/height2. The type of functional occlusion and the balancing side interferences of the subjects were identified by clinical examination. Results Bite force was found to be significantly higher in men than women (p<0.05). While there was a negative correlation between the bite force and ATFH/BFW, ATFH/IGW ratios in men (p<0.05), women did not show any statistically significant correlation (p>0.05). BMI and bite force correlation was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The average bite force did not differ in subjects with canine guidance or group function occlusion and in the presence of balancing side interferences (p>0.05). Conclusions Data suggest that bite force is affected by gender. However, BMI, type of functional occlusion and the presence of balancing side interferences did not exert a meaningful influence on bite force. In addition, transverse facial dimensions showed correlation with bite force in only men. PMID:21625746

KOÇ, Duygu; DO?AN, Arife; BEK, Bülent

2011-01-01

163

COMBINED CORRECTION OF TETRALOGY OF FALLOT AND CORONARY ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE: CASE REPORT.  

PubMed

A 49-year-old patient with known tetralogy of Fallot for which an aortopulmonary anastomosis (Pott's shunt) had been performed 23 years previously, underwent simultaneous myocardial revascularization for severe coronary occlusive disease and total correction of his congenital anomaly. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful, and he made a full recovery. PMID:15216038

Houchin, Dena

1978-12-01

164

COMBINED CORRECTION OF TETRALOGY OF FALLOT AND CORONARY ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE: CASE REPORT  

PubMed Central

A 49-year-old patient with known tetralogy of Fallot for which an aortopulmonary anastomosis (Pott's shunt) had been performed 23 years previously, underwent simultaneous myocardial revascularization for severe coronary occlusive disease and total correction of his congenital anomaly. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful, and he made a full recovery. Images PMID:15216038

Houchin, Dena

1978-01-01

165

Applications of intravascular ultrasound in the treatment of peripheral occlusive disease.  

PubMed

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has emerged as a useful and often necessary adjunct in a rising number of catheter-based peripheral interventions. IVUS catheters enable luminal and transmural cross-sectional imaging of peripheral vessels with high dimensional accuracy and provide detailed information about lesion morphology. IVUS is able to guide the optimal choice of appropriate angioplasty technique, guide the delivery of endovascular devices, and assess the immediate outcome of an intervention. In this review we discuss the role of IVUS for peripheral occlusive diseases, specifically the application of IVUS technology during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), intravascular stent placement, crossing total occlusions, and venous obstructive disease. PMID:16996415

Lee, Jason T; Fang, Tony D; White, Rodney A

2006-09-01

166

Inhibition of vascular nitric oxide after rat chronic brain hypoperfusion: spatial memory and immunocytochemical changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aging rat model of chronic brain hypoperfusion (CBH) that mimics human mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was used to examine the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms on spatial memory function. Rats with CBH underwent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2-vessel occlusion (2-VO)) for either 26 or 8 weeks and were compared with nonoccluded sham controls (S-VO). The neuronal

Jack C de la Torre; Gjumrakch Aliev; JC de la Torre

2005-01-01

167

Chimney grafts in aortic occlusive disease.  

PubMed

The aim of this article was to present juxtavisceral aortic occlusive disease with particular reference to a novel therapeutic approach, namely protected stenting by means of so called chimney grafts. The juxta renal aortic occlusion is the last aortoiliac occlusive lesion not to be stented routinely because of the risk for trash and/or need for overstenting of vital aortic side branches. The risk for trash also exists in open repair which makes it particularly challenging in this setting. The patients have advanced atherosclerosis and are poor risks for major surgery. A safe endovascular approach is therefore desirable. These lesions are either predominantly thrombotic or heavily calcified plaques. The thrombotic lesions can be stented under protection of the visceral branches by temporary occlusion balloons. The calcified lesions, on the other hand, require overstenting of the visceral vessels that then need to be preserved by chimney grafts. These endovascular procedures are complex and time consuming but they are associated with less surgical trauma and hence improved morbidity, mortality and recovery. The median term results of chimney grafts are encouraging, although more patients and longer follow-up are still needed. PMID:24796899

Malina, M; Sonesson, B; Bin Jabr, A

2014-04-01

168

Optociliary veins and central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a follow up of 94 patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) whose onset had taken place less than 1 year earlier, optociliary veins (OCVs) were found in 7.4% at first examination. Among the 79 eyes in which the fundus of the eye was very visible after a follow up of more than 1 year OCVs were found in

G Giuffrè; C Palumbo; G Randazzo-Papa

1993-01-01

169

Central retinal vein occlusion in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study performed on 20 subjects with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) aged 40 years or less we found the ischemic form in 20%. Disc edema was a common finding at the onset, while macular edema was less frequently seen. Systemic or ocular disorders that could be related with the development of the CRVO were often found; a patient

Giuseppe Giuffré; Gaetano Randazzo-Papa; Carlo Palumbo

1992-01-01

170

Management of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is discussed briefly. Since the prognosis, complications, visual outcome and management of nonischemic and ischemic CRVO are very different, the first essential step in the management of CRVO is to determine which type of CRVO one is dealing with. The various parameters which help to differentiate the two types reliably are described

Sohan Singh Hayreh

2003-01-01

171

Progression of Nonischemic Central Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progression of nonischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) to ischemic CRVO occurs in up to 5–20 % of patients with nonischemic CRVO. Eyes presenting with nonischemic CRVO and exhibiting an increase in intraretinal hemorrhages together with angiographic findings of aggravation of venule wall staining were assumed to be showing early signs of progression. Eight eyes of 7 patients were followed

A. Pollack; H. Leiba; M. Oliver

1997-01-01

172

Central retinal vein occlusion and thrombophilia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central retinal vein occlusion is one of the commonest vascular diseases of the eye. The pathogenesis is multifactorial with both local factors and systemic diseases being aetiologically important. Many thrombophilic conditions have recently been identified and studies looking at their potential role in CRVO have been undertaken. The aim of this review is to critically appraise these studies as to

C D Fegan

2002-01-01

173

The role of "rescue saccades" in tracking objects through occlusions.  

PubMed

We hypothesize that our ability to track objects through occlusions is mediated by timely assistance from gaze in the form of "rescue saccades"-eye movements to tracked objects that are in danger of being lost due to impending occlusion. Observers tracked 2-4 target sharks (out of 9) for 20 s as they swam through a rendered 3D underwater scene. Targets were either allowed to enter into occlusions (occlusion trials) or not (no occlusion trials). Tracking accuracy with 2-3 targets was ? 92% regardless of target occlusion but dropped to 74% on occlusion trials with four targets (no occlusion trials remained accurate; 83%). This pattern was mirrored in the frequency of rescue saccades. Rescue saccades accompanied approximatlely 50% of the Track 2-3 target occlusions, but only 34% of the Track 4 occlusions. Their frequency also decreased with increasing distance between a target and the nearest other object, suggesting that it is the potential for target confusion that summons a rescue saccade, not occlusion itself. These findings provide evidence for a tracking system that monitors for events that might cause track loss (e.g., occlusions) and requests help from the oculomotor system to resolve these momentary crises. As the number of crises increase with the number of targets, some requests for help go unsatisfied, resulting in degraded tracking. PMID:21191133

Zelinsky, Gregory J; Todor, Andrei

2010-01-01

174

Axial Length and Refraction in Retinal Vein Occlusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess whether axial length and refraction are risk factors for retinal vein occlusion, we measured these parameters in 88 consecutive patients with unilateral branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), in 58 consecutive patients with unilateral central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and in 50 patients selected as a control group. Patients and controls were free or affected by systemic or local

Francesco Bandello; Alessandra Tavola; Luisa Pierro; Giulio Modorati; Claudio Azzolini; Rosario Brancato

1998-01-01

175

Cardiovascular and thrombophilic risk factors for central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a relatively common disease that is often associated with a variety of systemic disorders including arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and systemic vasculitis. There are various types of RVO, categorized on the basis of the site of occlusion and on the type of consequent vascular damage. Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is the most frequently

Domenico Prisco; Rossella Marcucci; Laura Bertini; Anna Maria Gori

2002-01-01

176

Systemic diseases associated with various types of retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To investigate systemic diseases associated with various types of retinal vein occlusion.METHODS: We investigated prospectively in 1090 consecutive patients with retinal vein occlusion, almost all Caucasian (consistent with the racial pattern here), the prevalence of associated systemic disorders before or at the onset of various types of retinal vein occlusion. The patients were categorized into six types of retinal

Sohan Singh Hayreh; Bridget Zimmerman; Mark J. McCarthy; Patricia Podhajsky

2001-01-01

177

Circumflex coronary artery occlusion after blunt chest trauma.  

PubMed

A 32-year-old white male police officer suffered blunt trauma to the anterior chest wall during a routine training session. This was accompanied by the precipitous onset of chest discomfort. There was no previous history of any cardiac risk factors. The diagnosis of an inferior wall myocardial infarction was made based on the electrocardiogram findings, at his local community hospital. The total creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, and troponin I were normal. The transesophageal echocardiogram performed at that time demonstrated no aortic or coronary dissection. He was transferred to our tertiary care center. Emergency cardiac catheterization demonstrated lateral wall hypokinesis with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 45% and a total occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery in its proximal portion. This was successfully recannulized with angioplasty and stenting techniques. We believe this to be only the second reported case of circumflex coronary artery obstruction after blunt chest trauma. PMID:12783632

Naseer, Nauman; Aronow, Wilbert S; McClung, John A; Sanal, Shirin; Peterson, Stephen J; Weiss, Melvin B; Frishman, William H

2003-01-01

178

Correlations between functional and occlusal tooth-surface areas and food texture during natural chewing sequences in humans.  

PubMed

The dental-arch surfaces preferentially used in mastication were studied by measuring functional and occlusal surface areas and comparing these to the number of chews required to swallow foods of different texture properties. The functional surface of the teeth was defined as the total area of visible wear facets on post-incisal teeth, adding to it the contacting areas of restored teeth where no facets were visible. Occlusal surface area was taken as the total area of the occluding parts of post-incisal teeth. Both surfaces were measured with computer image processing on dental-stone casts of the teeth of 31 young adults. Functional surface areas (mean 168 mm(2), four quadrants) were positively correlated with occlusal surface areas (mean 739 mm(2), four quadrants). The left:right area ratios were more variable for functional than for occlusal surfaces. Functional surface-area ratios markedly different from 1.0 might reflect functional side-preponderance of masticatory activity. Correlations between tooth surface area and the number of cycles were examined with five different food samples of known texture during side-imposed mastication. Depending on the elastic moduli of the foods, significant negative correlations were found between the left:right ratios of functional or occlusal surface areas and the left:right ratios of cycle numbers. The rheological properties of the food particles chewed were assumed to be the key factor in the correlations with either the functional or anatomical occlusal surfaces. PMID:10869481

Bourdiol, P; Mioche, L

2000-08-01

179

Occlusal disharmony leads to learning deficits associated with decreased cellular proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of SAMP8 mice.  

PubMed

Occlusal disharmony is associated with increased plasma corticosterone levels, learning deficits, and morphologic alterations in the hippocampus via chronic stress. Here, we investigated the occlusal disharmony-induced impairment of hippocampal function. We first examined the effects of raising the bite on newborn cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in senescence-accelerated prone mice. Raising the bite significantly decreased cell proliferation in the hippocampal DG in an age-dependent manner. Immediately after raising the bite, cell proliferation decreased abruptly in the aged mice, then gradually increased, but did not recover to control levels within 2wk. Further, learning-induced cell proliferation was impaired in aged bite-raised mice. These findings suggest that occlusal disharmony induced by raising the bite impaired cell proliferation in the hippocampal DG, leading to learning deficits. PMID:23262093

Mori, Daisuke; Katayama, Tasuku; Miyake, Hidekazu; Fujiwara, Shuu; Kubo, Kin-Ya

2013-02-01

180

Fludarabine Phosphate and Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Donor Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia That Has Responded to Treatment With Imatinib Mesylate, Dasatinib, or Nilotinib  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive; Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Adult Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Childhood Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

2014-07-22

181

The Use of Skeletal Muscle Near Infrared Spectroscopy and a Vascular Occlusion Test at High Altitude  

PubMed Central

Abstract Martin, Daniel, Denny Levett, Rick Bezemer, Hugh Montgomery, and Mike Grocott. The use of skeletal muscle near infrared spectroscopy and a vascular occlusion test at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol 14:256–262, 2013.—Microcirculatory function, central to tissue regulation of oxygen flux, may be altered by the chronic hypoxemia experienced at high altitude. We hypothesized that at high altitude, adaptations within skeletal muscle would result in reduced oxygen consumption and reduced microcirculatory responsiveness, detectable by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during a vascular occlusion test (VOT). The VOT comprised 3?min of noninvasive arterial occlusion; thenar eminence tissue oxygenation (Sto2) was measured by NIRS during the VOT at sea level, 4900?m and 5600?m (after 7 and 17 days at altitude, respectively) in 12 healthy volunteers. Data were derived from Sto2 time-curves using specifically designed computer software. Mean (±SD) resting Sto2 was reduced at 4900?m and 5600?m (69.3 (±8.2)% (p=0.001) and 64.2 (±6.1)% (p<0.001) respectively) when compared to sea level (84.4 (±6.0)%. The rate of Sto2 recovery after vascular occlusion (Sto2 upslope) was significantly reduced at 4900?m (2.4 (±0.4)%/sec) and 5600?m (2.4 (±0.8)%/sec) compared to sea level (3.7 (±1.3)%/sec) (p=0.021 and p=0.032, respectively). There was no change from sea level in the rate of desaturation during occlusion (Sto2 downslope) at either altitude. The findings suggest that in resting skeletal muscle of acclimatizing healthy volunteers at high altitude, microvascular reactivity is reduced (Sto2 upslope after a short period of ischemia) but that oxygen consumption remains unchanged (Sto2 downslope). PMID:24067186

Levett, Denny Z.H.; Bezemer, Rick; Montgomery, Hugh E.; Grocott, Mike P.W.

2013-01-01

182

Plethysmography without venous occlusion for measuring forearm blood flow: comparison with venous occlusive method.  

PubMed

Limb blood flow is widely used as an indicator of the human vascular properties. There are only few non-invasive methods for its measurement such as venous occlusion plethysmography. However, several authors have questioned its validity. The problems appear to be related to the process of venous occlusion. We developed two methods to measure forearm blood flow by plethysmography without venous occlusion in combination with Doppler velocimetry (without imaging). Method 1: the gradient of a tangent drawn on the latter part of the down stroke of the plethysmographic volume pulse is an approximation of venous blood flow in the absence of diastolic blood flow. At equilibrium, it equals the average arterial flow in a cardiac cycle. The Doppler velocity waveform recorded simultaneously allows improvement of this approximation when there is diastolic blood flow. Method 2: the volume pulse detected by a plethysmograph calibrated in absolute volume is used to calibrate the velocity waveform recorded simultaneously to produce an approximation of arterial volumetric flow waveform. Bland-Altman analysis shows both methods have good correlation and agreement with venous occlusion plethysmography at rest. Method 1: mean difference (blood flow measured by venous occlusion minus calculated flow) = 0.10 ml/pulse (+/-0.18), limits of agreement = -0.41 and 0.61 ml/pulse. Method 2: mean difference = -0.041 ml/pulse (+/-0.15), limits of agreement = -0.45 and 0.37 ml/pulse. During hyperaemia, venous occlusion plethysmography grossly underestimated relative to the new methods. The new methods are not dependent on venous occlusion and produce consistent results with or without hyperaemia. PMID:15383087

Chuah, Seong S; Woolfson, Peter I; Pullan, Brian R; Lewis, Philip S

2004-09-01

183

Incidence of Central Vein Stenosis and Occlusion Following Upper Extremity PICC and Port Placement  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of central vein stenosis and occlusion following upper extremity placement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters(PICCs) and venous ports. One hundred fifty-four patients who underwent venography of the ipsilateral central veins prior to initial and subsequent venous access device insertion were retrospectively identified. All follow-up venograms were interpreted at the time of catheter placement by one interventional radiologist over a 5-year period and compared to the findings on initial venography. For patients with central vein abnormalities, hospital and home infusion service records and radiology reports were reviewed to determine catheter dwelltime and potential alternative etiologies of central vein stenosis or occlusion. The effect of catheter caliber and dwell time on development of central vein abnormalities was evaluated. Venography performed prior to initial catheter placement showed that 150 patients had normal central veins. Three patients had central vein stenosis, and one had central vein occlusion. Subsequent venograms (n = 154)at the time of additional venous access device placement demonstrated 8 patients with occlusions and 10 with stenoses. Three of the 18 patients with abnormal follow-up venograms were found to have potential alternative causes of central vein abnormalities. Excluding these 3 patients and the 4 patients with abnormal initial venograms, a 7% incidence of central vein stenosis or occlusion was found in patients with prior indwelling catheters and normal initial venograms. Catheter caliber showed no effect on the subsequent development of central vein abnormalities. Patients who developed new or worsened central vein stenosis or occlusion had significantly (p =0.03) longer catheter dwell times than patients without central vein abnormalities. New central vein stenosis or occlusion occurred in 7% of patients following upper arm placement of venous access devices.Patients with longer catheter dwell time were more likely to develop central vein abnormalities. In order to preserve vascular access for dialysis fistulae and grafts and adhere to Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines, alternative venous access sites should be considered for patients with chronic renal insufficiency and end-stage renal disease.

Gonsalves, Carin F., E-mail: Carin.Gonsalves@mail.tju.edu; Eschelman, David J.; Sullivan, Kevin L.; DuBois, Nancy; Bonn, Joseph [Jefferson MedicalCollege/Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Suite 4200 GibbonBuilding, 111 South 11th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, Department of Radiology (United States)

2003-04-15

184

Total body irradiation correlates with chronic graft versus host disease and affects prognosis of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia receiving an HLA identical allogeneic bone marrow transplant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To investigate whether different procedure variables involved in the delivery of fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) impact on prognosis of patients affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT).Methods and Materials: Ninety-three consecutive patients with ALL receiving a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical allogeneic BMT between 1 August 1983 and 30 September 1995 were conditioned

Renzo Corvò; Gabriella Paoli; Salvina Barra; Almalina Bacigalupo; Maria Teresa Van Lint; Paola Franzone; Francesco Frassoni; Daniele Scarpati; Andrea Bacigalupo; Vito Vitale

1999-01-01

185

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptom effects of long-term cumulative exposure to ambient levels of total suspended particulates and sulfur dioxide in California Seventh-Day Adventist residents  

SciTech Connect

Risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptoms due to long-term exposure to ambient levels of total suspended particulates (TSP) and sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) symptoms was ascertained using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) respiratory symptoms questionnaire on 7445 Seventh-Day Adventists. They were non-smokers, at least 25 yr of age, and had lived 11 yr or more in areas ranging from high to low photochemical air pollution in California. Participant cumulative exposures to each pollutant in excess of four thresholds were estimated using monthly residence zip code histories and interpolated dosages from state air monitoring stations. These pollutant thresholds were entered individually and in combination in multiple logistic regression analyses with eight covariables including passive smoking. Statistically significant associations with chronic symptoms were seen for: SO/sub 2/ exposure above 4 pphm (104 mcg/m3), (p = .03), relative risk 1.18 for 500 hr/yr of exposure; and for total suspended particulates (TSP) above 200 mcg/m3, (p less than .00001), relative risk of 1.22 for 750 hr/yr.

Euler, G.L.; Abbey, D.E.; Magie, A.R.; Hodgkin, J.E.

1987-07-01

186

Electroretinography in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 149 eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), we prospectively investigated the role of routine, clinical electroretinography (ERG) in differentiating ischemic (60 eyes) from nonischemic CRVO (89 eyes). Single-flash photopic and scotopic ERGs were recorded. Data for the amplitudes and implicit times of a- and b-waves and for the b-\\/a-wave amplitude ratio were analyzed in detail. The study revealed

Sohan Singh Hayreh; Marie R. Klugman; Patricia Podhajsky; Hansjoerg E. Kolder

1989-01-01

187

Interventional Treatment of Mesenteric Venous Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Mesenteric venous thrombus may be an incidental finding during imaging studies and asymptomatic patients are treated conservatively or with anticoagulant therapy only. Patients with symptomatic acute thrombosis causing bowel ischemia require urgent treatment, which frequently includes extensive surgery. Interventional treatment may be an alternative. Purpose: To present results of interventional treatment in patients with symptomatic occlusion of the mesenteric veins. Material/Methods Eight patients, four men and four women aged 24–74 years (mean 53 years) were treated due to symptomatic portomesenteric venous occlusion of thrombotic origin. Transhepatic (n=5), trans-splenic (n=2), and transjugular (n=4) accesses were used. Patients were treated with mechanical thrombus fragmentation (n=4), pharmacological thrombolysis (n=3) and stent placement (n=8). Additional transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was created to facilitate the outflow from the treated veins (n=4). Results The majority of the patients required combination of different treatment methods. Resolution of symptoms with initial clinical success was achieved in seven of the eight patients, and one patient died the day after the procedure due to sepsis. Two other patients had procedure-related complications; one of them required embolization. Two patients had documented long-term clinical success with patent stents and no symptoms at one year following intervention. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of portomesenteric occlusion in patients with acute symptomatology showed good short-term clinical success rate. PMID:25089163

Wichman, Heather J.; Cwikiel, Wojciech; Keussen, Inger

2014-01-01

188

Impact of Diabetes and Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease on the Functional Microcirculation at the Plantar Foot  

PubMed Central

Background: Plastic and reconstructive surgeons are commonly faced with chronic ulcerations and consecutive wound infections of the feet as complications in patients with diabetes and/or peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Microcirculatory changes seem to play an important role. However, the evaluation of functional changes in the soft tissue microcirculation at the plantar foot using combined Laser-Doppler and Photospectrometry System has not yet been performed in patients with DM or PAOD. Methods: A prospective, controlled cohort study was designed consisting of a total of 107 subjects allocated to 1 of 3 groups—group A: healthy subjects (57% males, 63.3 y); group B: patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) (53% males, 59.4 y); and group C: patients with PAOD (81% males, 66.1 y). Microcirculatory data were assessed using a combined Laser-Doppler and Photospectrometry System. Results: Global cutaneous oxygen saturation microcirculation at the plantar foot of healthy individuals was 8.4% higher than in patients with DM and 8.1% higher than in patients with PAOD (both P = 0.033). Patients with diabetes did not show significant differences in global cutaneous blood flow when compared with either healthy subjects or patients suffering from PAOD. Conclusions: Functional microcirculation at the plantar foot differs between healthy subjects and patients suffering from diabetes or PAOD of the same age. Patients with either diabetes or PAOD demonstrate deteriorated cutaneous oxygen saturation with equivalent blood perfusion at the plantar foot. More clinical studies have to be conducted to evaluate therapeutical methods that might ameliorate cutaneous oxygen saturation within diabetic foot disease and PAOD. PMID:25289243

Kabbani, Mohammad; Rotter, Robert; Busche, Marc; Wuerfel, Waldemar; Jokuszies, Andreas; Knobloch, Karsten; Vogt, Peter M.

2013-01-01

189

Recanalization of Acute and Subacute Femoropopliteal Artery Occlusions with the Rotarex Catheter: One Year Follow-up, Single Center Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of a new rotational catheter for percutaneous removal of fresh and organized thrombi in the femoropopliteal artery. Methods: Forty-one limbs in 38 patients (age 56–90 years, mean 75.6 years) with acute, subacute or chronic femoropopliteal occlusions of 1–180 days duration (mean 31.6 days) were treated with the Rotarex device. The Fontaine stage was

Sylvain R. Duc; Eric Schoch; Markus Pfyffer; Regula Jenelten; Christoph L. Zollikofer

2005-01-01

190

Research report Diazoxide and dimethyl sulphoxide prevent cerebral hypoperfusion-related learning dysfunction and brain damage after carotid artery occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, a mild ischemic condition is associated with advancing age and severity of dementia; however, no unanimous therapy has been established to alleviate related neurological symptoms. We imposed a permanent, bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries of rats (n=18) to create cerebral hypoperfusion. A mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel opener diazoxide (DZ, 5 mg\\/kg) or its solvent dimethyl

Eszter Farkas; Adam Institoris; Ferenc Domoki; Andras Mihaly; Paul G. M. Luiten; Ferenc Bari

191

A prospective follow-up study of panretinal photocoagulation in preventing neovascular glaucoma following ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen consecutive eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and extensive capillary non-perfusion were treated by\\u000a panretinal photocoagulation using argon laser. Of these eyes six had chronic glaucoma and one had acute angle-closure glaucoma\\u000a when first seen. One developed neovascular glaucoma before treatment. After photocoagulation iris new vessels appeared in\\u000a two eyes with preexisting glaucoma. In one case the new

L. Laatikainen

1983-01-01

192

Effects of Baseline Coronary Occlusion and Diabetes Mellitus in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.  

PubMed

Several studies have highlighted the prognostic role of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in the infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the impact of preprocedural IRA occlusion in patients with diabetes with STEMI has been insufficiently studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of baseline IRA occlusion and diabetic status in patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention by using data from a pooled analysis of randomized trials comparing intracoronary with intravenous abciximab bolus administration. A total of 3,046 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Diabetes was present in 578 patients (19%). The primary outcome was mortality after a median follow-up period of 375 days. Secondary end points were reinfarction and stent thrombosis. In patients without diabetes, IRA occlusion versus no occlusion was not associated with increased rates of mortality (4.3% vs 2.7%, p = 0.051) and reinfarction (3.3% vs 2.5%, p = 0.33). Patients with diabetes with IRA occlusion compared with those without occlusion showed higher rates of mortality (10.6% vs 4.6%, p = 0.01) and reinfarction (5.6% vs 2.1%, p = 0.03). Baseline IRA occlusion increased the rate of stent thrombosis in the nondiabetic (2.1% vs 1.0%, p = 0.04) and diabetic (3.2% vs 0.8%, p = 0.05) cohorts. Interaction analysis demonstrated that the risk for death and reinfarction was significantly increased when diabetes and IRA occlusion occurred concomitantly. In conclusion, patients with STEMI with diabetes and baseline IRA occlusion had disproportionately higher rates of death and reinfarction. Preprocedural IRA occlusion increased the risk for stent thrombosis, irrespective of diabetic status. PMID:25193670

Piccolo, Raffaele; Galasso, Gennaro; Iversen, Allan Zeeberg; Eitel, Ingo; Dominguez-Rodriguez, Alberto; Gu, Youlan L; de Smet, Bart J G L; Mahmoud, Karim D; Abreu-Gonzalez, Pedro; Trimarco, Bruno; Thiele, Holger; Piscione, Federico

2014-10-15

193

Current Status of Thrombolysis for Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

  Acute peripheral arterial occlusion occurs as a result of thrombosis or embolism. A reduction in the prevalence of rheumatic\\u000a heart disease accounts for a shift in the frequency of embolic to thrombotic occlusions. Also, a dramatic increase in the\\u000a number of lower extremity arterial bypass graft procedures explains the predominance of graft occlusions in most recent series\\u000a of patients with

Kenneth Ouriel

2002-01-01

194

Formation of retinochoroidal collaterals in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To demonstrate the drainage routes that compensate the venous congestion in central retinal vein occlusion.Methods: Indocyanine green angiography was performed in 13 eyes of 13 patients with central retinal vein occlusion at the involutional stage using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. The interval between onset of central retinal vein occlusion and indocyanine green angiography ranged from 1.0 to 9.3 years

Kyoichi Takahashi; Kanemitsu Muraoka; Shoji Kishi; Koichi Shimizu

1998-01-01

195

[Occlusal reconstruction of a patient with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia].  

PubMed

Prosthodontic treatment for patient with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is difficult to manage because of the loss of occlusal vertical dimension, abnormal alveolar ridge and anodontia A 20-year-old case with HED was reported. The patient was treated with occlusal reconstruction by a maxillary fixed prosthesis and mandibular telescopic prosthesis. At one-year's follow-up, dentures were well used and occlusal function of the patient returned to normal. PMID:23484313

Zeng, Yongfei; Shi, Lianshui; Zhang, Fubao; Zhang, Lin

2013-02-01

196

The occlusal guard: a simplified technique for fabrication and equilibration.  

PubMed

Hard occlusal guards have been used effectively to treat myofacial pain originating from parafunctional activities. Also, they can protect the natural dentition when it opposes porcelain restorations, help to evaluate changes in occlusal vertical dimension during full mouth rehabilitation, minimize further tooth loss in patients with abfraction lesions, and redirect occlusal loads more favorably onto dental implant-supported prostheses. A simplified technique is described to fabricate a properly designed wax model of an occlusal guard that can be processed in acrylic in the same manner used to construct a complete denture. PMID:23649575

Antonelli, John; Hottel, Timothy L; Siegel, Sharon C; Brandt, Robert; Silva, Gladston

2013-01-01

197

Trigeminal trophic syndrome treated with thermoplastic occlusion.  

PubMed

A 72-year-old man with a history of thrombotic CVA causing lateral medullary infarction presented with non-healing ulcers of the right side of the face of 5 months' duration. After extensive investigations, a diagnosis of trigeminal trophic syndrome was made. The ulcers progressed relentlessly despite amitriptyline and gabapentin, and he was treated with a combination of carbamazepine and thermoplastic mask occlusion of the right side of his face. Over the next 10 weeks the shallower facial ulcers began to diminish in depth and diameter, and the deeper ulcers stopped progressing. Although the patient showed early signs of healing, he died because of complications from the CVA. PMID:21332680

Kurien, Anil M; Damian, Diona L; Moloney, Fergal J

2011-02-01

198

Occlusion as a measure for visual workload: an overview of TNO occlusion research in car driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process-oriented approach by systematically studying driver performance, distraction, and workload is the way to go for assessing safety effects of new telematics applications in vehicles. These systems may strive for drivers’ attention and possibly lead to distraction from the primary task. Visual occlusion techniques appear to be an effective means of studying drivers’ visual information processing performance. Studies to

Richard van der Horst

2004-01-01

199

Recanalization of Acute and Subacute Femoropopliteal Artery Occlusions with the Rotarex Catheter: One Year Follow-up, Single Center Experience  

SciTech Connect

Purpose:To assess the efficacy and safety of a new rotational catheter for percutaneous removal of fresh and organized thrombi in the femoropopliteal artery.Methods:Forty-one limbs in 38 patients (age 56-90 years, mean 75.6 years) with acute, subacute or chronic femoropopliteal occlusions of 1-180 days' duration (mean 31.6 days) were treated with the Rotarex device. The Fontaine stage was mainly IIB (Rutherford 2-3, 22 patients) or III (Rutherford 4, 14 patients). The length of occlusion varied from 2 to 35 cm (mean 13.1 cm). After recanalization percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed if there was a residual stenosis of >25%. Patients were followed up with color Doppler ultrasound at 48 hr and clinically with Doppler pressures and oscillometry at 3, 6, and 12 months.Results:After an average of two passages with the Rotarex catheter all but two limbs required PTA for residual stenosis >25%. Five patients needed additional stenting. Major complications were one groin hematoma requiring blood transfusion and one arteriovenous fistula spontaneously thrombosing after unsuccessful primary prolonged balloon dilation. Distal embolizations occurred in 10 patients; 6 clinically relevant emboli were aspirated. All occlusions were technically successfully recanalised there were 2 early reocclusions after 1 day and two at 2 weeks. Brachial-ankle indices improved from an average of 0.41 before to 0.93 after recanalization. Primary and secondary patency rates were 62% / 84% after 6 months and 39% / 68% after 1 year. The amputation-free survival at 12 months was 100%.Conclusion:The Rotarex mechanical thrombectomy device is an efficient, quick, easy to handle, and safe tool for the treatment of acute, subacute or even chronic peripheral arterial thromboembolic occlusions. It can be used for short or long occlusions with equal success, provided the obstruction is not heavily calcified and has been safely passed with a guidewire first.

Duc, Sylvain R., E-mail: Sylvain.duc@balgrist.ch; Schoch, Eric [Kantonsspital Winterthur, Department of Radiology (Switzerland); Pfyffer, Markus; Jenelten, Regula [Section of Angiology, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Department of Internal Medicine (Switzerland); Zollikofer, Christoph L. [Kantonsspital Winterthur, Department of Radiology (Switzerland)

2005-06-15

200

Dual-Energy CT Angiography in Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease  

SciTech Connect

We sought to study the accuracy of dual-energy computed tomographic angiography (DE-CTA) for the assessment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease of the lower extremity by using the dual-energy bone removal technique compared with a commercially available conventional bone removal tool. Twenty patients underwent selective digital subtraction angiography and DE-CTA of the pelvis and lower extremities. CTA data were postprocessed with two different applications: conventional bone removal and dual-energy bone removal. All data were reconstructed and evaluated as 3D maximum-intensity projections. Time requirements for reconstruction were documented. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and concordance of DE-CTA regarding degree of stenosis and vessel wall calcification were calculated. A total of 359 vascular segments were analyzed. Compared with digital subtraction angiography, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, respectively, of CTA was 97.2%, 94.1%, and 94.7% by the dual-energy bone removal technique. The conventional bone removal tool delivered a sensitivity of 77.1%, a specificity of 70.7%, and an accuracy of 72.0%. Best results for both postprocessing methods were achieved in the vascular segments of the upper leg. In severely calcified segments, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy stayed above 90% by the dual-energy bone removal technique, whereas the conventional bone removal technique showed a substantial decrease of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. DE-CTA is a feasible and accurate diagnostic method in the assessment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Results obtained by DE-CTA are superior to the conventional bone removal technique and less dependent on vessel wall calcifications.

Brockmann, Carolin, E-mail: carolin.brockmann@rad.ma.uni-heidelberg.de; Jochum, Susanne; Sadick, Maliha [University of Heidelberg, Department of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Huck, Kurt [University of Heidelberg, I. Medical Clinic, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Ziegler, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Department of Surgery, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Fink, Christian; Schoenberg, Stefan O.; Diehl, Steffen J. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany)

2009-07-15

201

Subintimal Angioplasty for Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease: A Systematic Review  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to summarize outcomes of subintimal angioplasty (SA) for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. The Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase databases were searched to perform a systematic review of the literature from 1966 through May 2007 on outcomes of SA for peripheral arterial occlusive disease of the infrainguinal vessels. The keywords 'percutaneous intentional extraluminal revascularization,' 'subintimal angioplasty,' 'peripheral arterial disease,' 'femoral artery,' 'popliteal artery,' and 'tibial artery' were used. Assessment of study quality was done using a form based on a checklist of the Dutch Cochrane Centre. The recorded outcomes were technical and clinical success, primary (assisted) patency, limb salvage, complications, and survival, in relation to the clinical grade of disease (intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia [CLI] or mixed) and location of lesion (femoropopliteal, crural, or mixed). Twenty-three cohort studies including a total of 1549 patients (range, 27 to 148) were included in this review. Methodological and reporting quality were moderate, e.g., there was selection bias and reporting was not done according to the reporting standards. These and significant clinical heterogeneity obstructed a meta-analysis. Reports about length of the lesion and TASC classification were too various to summarize or were not mentioned at all. The technical success rates varied between 80% and 90%, with lower rates for crural lesions compared with femoral lesions. Complication rates ranged between 8% and 17% and most complications were minor. After 1 year, clinical success was between 50% and 70%, primary patency was around 50% and limb salvage varied from 80% to 90%. In conclusion, taking into account the methodological shortcomings of the included studies, SA can play an important role in the treatment of peripheral arterial disease, especially in the case of critical limb ischemia. Despite the moderate patency rates after one year, SA may serve as a 'temporary bypass' to provide wound healing and limb salvage.

Met, Rosemarie, E-mail: r.met@amc.nl; Lienden, Krijn P. Van, E-mail: k.p.vanlienden@amc.n [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Koelemay, Mark J. W., E-mail: m.j.koelemaij@amc.n [Academic Medical Center, Department of Vascular Surgery (Netherlands); Bipat, Shandra, E-mail: s.bipat@amc.n [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Legemate, Dink A., E-mail: d.a.legemate@amc.n [Academic Medical Center, Department of Vascular Surgery (Netherlands); Reekers, Jim A., E-mail: j.a.reekers@amc.uva.n [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2008-07-15

202

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

MENU Return to Web version Chronic Pain Overview What is chronic pain? There are 2 types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain lets you know that your ... It should go away as your body heals. Chronic pain lasts much longer. Chronic pain may last months ...

203

Optimal management of infrainguinal arterial occlusive disease  

PubMed Central

Peripheral arterial occlusive disease is becoming a major health problem in Western societies as the population continues to age. In addition to risk of limb loss, the complexity of the disease is magnified by its intimate association with medical comorbidity, especially cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Risk factor modification and antiplatelet therapy are essential to improve long-term survival. Surgical intervention is indicated for intermittent claudication when a patient’s quality of life remains unacceptable after a trial of conservative therapy. Open reconstruction and endovascular revascularization are cornerstone for limb salvage in patients with critical limb ischemia. Recent advances in catheter-based technology have made endovascular intervention the preferred treatment approach for infrainguinal disease in many cases. Nevertheless, lower extremity bypass remains an important treatment strategy, especially for reasonable risk patients with a suitable bypass conduit. In this review, we present a summary of current knowledge about peripheral arterial disease followed by a review of current, evidence-based medical and surgical therapy for infrainguinal arterial occlusive disease. PMID:25368519

Pennywell, David J; Tan, Tze-Woei; Zhang, Wayne W

2014-01-01

204

Regional myocardial functional and electrophysiological alterations after brief coronary artery occlusion in conscious dogs.  

PubMed Central

The time relationship for recovery of mechanical function, the intramyocardial electrogram and coronary flow after brief periods of regional myocardial ischemia, was studied in conscious dogs. Total left vemtricular (LV) function was assessed with measurements of LV systolic and diastolic pressures, rate of change of LV pressure (dP/dt), and dP/dt/P. Regional LV function was assessed with measurements of regional segment length and velocity of shortening. An implanted hydraulic occluder on either the left anterior descending or circumflex coronary artery was inflated for 5- and 15-min periods on separate days. A 5-min occlusion depressed overall LV function transiently, but just before release of occlusion overall function had nearly returned to control. At this time regional function in the ischemic zone was still depressed to the point of absent shorteining or paradoxical motion during systole and was associated with marked ST segment elevation (+ 10 +/- 2.2 mV) at the site where function was measured. With release of occlusion and reperfusion the intramyocardial electrogram returned to normal within 1 min, and reactive hyperemia subsided by 5-10 min. In contrast to the rapid return to preocclusion levels for coronary flow and the electrogram, regional mechanical function remained depressed for over 3 h. A 15-min coronary occlusion resulted in an even more prolonged (greater than 6 h) derangement of function in the ischemic zone. Thus, brief periods of coronary occlusion result in prolonged impairement of regional myocardial function which could not have been predicted from the rapid return of the electrogram and coronary flow. These observations indicate that brief interruptions of coronary flow result either in a prolonged period of local ischemia or that alterations of mechanical induced by ischemia far outlast the repayment of the oxygen debt. PMID:1159098

Heyndrickx, G R; Millard, R W; McRitchie, R J; Maroko, P R; Vatner, S F

1975-01-01

205

Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Report of Five Cases  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the midterm results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement in stenotic and occluded mesenteric arteries in five consecutive patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Methods: Five patients with 70%-100% obliterations of all mesenteric vessels resulting in chronic mesenteric ischemia (n= 4) and as a prophylactic measure prior to abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (n= 1) underwent PTA of celiac and/or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) stenoses (n= 2), primary stenting of ostial celiac occlusions (n= 2), and secondary stenting of a SMA occlusion (n= 1; recoil after initial PTA). All patients underwent duplex ultrasonography (US) (n= 3) and/or angiography (n= 5) during a median follow-up of 21 months (range 8-42 months). Results: Clinical success was obtained in all five patients. Asymptomatic significant late restenoses (n3) were successfully treated with repeat PTA (n= 2) and stenting of an SMA occlusion (n= 1; celiac stent restenosis). Recurrent pain in one patient was interpreted as secondary to postsurgical abdominal adhesions. Two puncture-site complications occurred requiring local surgical treatment. Conclusions: Endovascular techniques may be attempted prior to surgery in cases of stenotic or short occlusive lesions in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Surgery may still be preferred in patients with long occlusions and a low operative risk.

Nyman, Ulf; Ivancev, Krasnodar; Lindh, Mats; Uher, Petr [Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Malmoe University Hospital, University of Lund, S-205 02 Malmoe (Sweden)

1998-07-15

206

Mathematical and mechanical modeling of vaso-occlusion in sickle cell disease  

E-print Network

Vaso-occlusive crises cause most of the morbidity and mortality associated with sickle cell disease. The proximal causes of these occlusive events are not well understood. The risks and consequences of vaso-occlusion however ...

Higgins, John M. (John Matthew)

2007-01-01

207

40 CFR 180.1148 - Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...1148 Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...agent Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomonella (codling...

2011-07-01

208

40 CFR 180.1148 - Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...1148 Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...agent Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomonella (codling...

2013-07-01

209

40 CFR 180.1148 - Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...1148 Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...agent Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomonella (codling...

2010-07-01

210

40 CFR 180.1148 - Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...1148 Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomenella; tolerance exemption...agent Occlusion Bodies of the Granulosis Virus of Cydia pomonella (codling...

2012-07-01

211

OCCLUSION OF THE VERTEBRAL ARTERY IN CERVICAL SPINE DISLOCATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied 12 consecutive patients with facet joint dislocation in the cervical spine to assess the incidence, site and clinical sequelae of occlusion of the extracranial vertebral artery. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography was performed after the orthopaedic management of the dislocations. This demonstrated vertebral artery occlusion (one bilateral) in five of the seven patients with bilateral dislocations and in four

J. A. LOUW; N. A. MAFOYANE; B. SMALL; C. P. NESER

212

Guide wire extension for shape memory polymer occlusion removal devices  

DOEpatents

A flexible extension for a shape memory polymer occlusion removal device. A shape memory polymer instrument is transported through a vessel via a catheter. A flexible elongated unit is operatively connected to the distal end of the shape memory polymer instrument to enhance maneuverability through tortuous paths en route to the occlusion.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Small, IV, Ward (Livermore, CA); Hartman, Jonathan (Sacramento, CA)

2009-11-03

213

Effect of Cotton-Tipped Swab Use on Earwax Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied parents' and patients' approach to earwax (cerumen) removal, patients' level of cerumen occlusion, and the association between the use of cotton-tipped swabs (CTS) and cerumen occlusion. Six hundred fifty-one consecutive patients from the general pediatric practice of the Cleveland Clinic aged 2 weeks to 20 years (57% males) answered a questionnaire with their parents' help. Of the 651,

Michael L. Macknin; Haitham Talo; Sharon VanderBrug Medendorp

1994-01-01

214

Innominate artery occlusive disease: Management with central reconstructive techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with central vascular reconstruction for innominate artery occlusive disease. Eighteen patients underwent central reconstruction for innominate artery (IA) occlusive disease during an 8-year period (1986 to 1994). Mean age was 59 years (range, 36 to 77 years). Women outnumbered men 12 to 6. All patients had symptoms including amaurosis

John Ligush; Enrique Criado; Blair A Keagy

1997-01-01

215

Targeted Venous Occlusion Using Pulsed High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound  

Microsoft Academic Search

Targeted vascular occlusion is desirable for clinical therapies such as in the treatment of esophageal and gastric varices and varicose veins. The feasibility of ultrasound-mediated endothelial damage for vascular occlusion was studied. A segment of a rabbit auricular vein was treated in vivo with low duty cycle, high peak rarefaction pressure (9 MPa) high-intensity focused ultrasound pulses in the presence

Yufeng Zhou; Cinderella Warren; Andrew A. Brayman; Lawrence A. Crum

2010-01-01

216

Prevalent misconceptions about acute retinal vascular occlusive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute retinal vascular occlusive disorders collectively constitute one of the major causes of blindness or seriously impaired vision, and yet there is marked controversy on their pathogeneses, clinical features and particularly their management. This is because the subject is plagued by multiple misconceptions. These include that: (i) various acute retinal vascular occlusions represent a single disease; (ii) estimation of visual

Sohan Singh Hayreh

2005-01-01

217

Relation between retinal vein occlusions and axial length  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMS: To evaluate the ocular axial length as a risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Ocular axial lengths were measured, by A-scan ultrasonography, in 17 patients with CRVO and 41 patients with BRVO and compared with those of contralateral unaffected eyes and 66 age matched controls. RESULTS: In 17

N. Aritürk; Y. Oge; D. Erkan; Y. Süllü; F. Mohajerý

1996-01-01

218

Pseudoexfoliation and glaucoma in eyes with retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate pseudoexfoliation (PE) and pre-existent glaucoma in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: Consecutive eyes with a diagnosis of BRVO (73 eyes of 70 patients) and CRVO (53 eyes of 49 patients) examined between July and December 1998 comprised the study eyes. Age-matched control group consisted of 384 eyes of

Osman A. Saatci; Sevgi Tongal Ferliel; Murat Ferliel; Süleyman Kaynak; Mehmet H. Ergin

1999-01-01

219

Plasma Homocysteine and Cysteine Levels in Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. To determine plasma homocysteine and cysteine lev- els in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and in healthy subjects and to ascertain whether there are statistically signif- icant differences between patients and control subjects. METHODS. In this case- control study, the study group consisted of 75 consecutive patients with RVO: 33 had central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), and 42

Antonio Pinna; Ciriaco Carru; Angelo Zinellu; Stefano Dore; Luca Deiana; Francesco Carta

2006-01-01

220

Cilioretinal arterial circulation in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis that an occlusion of the central retinal artery is an essential prerequisite for haemorrhage formation after central retinal vein obstruction has been investigated by examining the fundus changes in patients with a cilio-retinal arterial circulation; the findings are at variance with the 'combined occlusion hypothesis'. Comparisons were made between the pathological features in two retinal capillary beds with

D McLeod

1975-01-01

221

Management of macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion: an evidence-based  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retinal vein occlusions are common retinal vascular disorders with the potential for significant vision-related morbidity.\\u000a Retinal vein occlusions are classified as either branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO),\\u000a or hemiretinal vein occlusion (HRVO) based on the specific occlusion site. Decreased vision in patients afflicted with CRVO\\u000a may result from retinal ischemia and\\/or the accumulation of fluid

Ahmad A. Aref; Ingrid U. Scott

2011-01-01

222

Occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery after head trauma.  

PubMed

Intracranial arterial occlusion is rarely encountered in association with head injury. Only six cases of traumatic occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) have previously been reported. In this paper, the authors describe a case of a posttraumatic occlusion of ACA. A 35-year-old male presented to the emergency room with severe head injury. Computed tomography (CT) scan displayed diffuse brain swelling with multiple skull fractures. Follow up CT scan showed extensive cerebral infarction in the territory of ACA. The patient underwent CT angiography that demonstrated occlusion of the ACA by a fracture of the anterior fossa. He died after 3 d. ACA traumatic occlusion is a rare condition, with poor prognosis. In this case, fracture was responsible for dissection and direct obstruction of the artery. PMID:23805374

Paiva, Wellingson Silva; de Andrade, Almir Ferreira; Soares, Matheus Schmidt; Amorim, Robson Luis; Figueiredo, Eberval Gadelha; Teixeira, Manoel Jacobsen

2013-05-28

223

Prosthetic occlusive device for an internal passageway  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An occlusive device is disclosed for surgical implant to occlude the lumen of an internal organ. The device includes a cuff having a backing collar and two isolated cuff chambers. The fluid pressure of one chamber is regulated by a pump/valve reservoir unit. The other chamber is unregulated in pressure but its fluid volume is adjusted by removing or adding fluid to a septum/reservoir by means of a hypodermic needle. Pressure changes are transmitted between the two cuff chambers via faying surfaces which are sufficiently large in contact area and thin as to transmit pressure generally without attenuation. By adjusting the fluid volume of the septum, the operating pressure of the device may be adjusted to accommodate tubular organs of different diameter sizes as well as to compensate for changes in the organ following implant without reoperation.

Tenney, J. B., Jr. (inventor)

1983-01-01

224

The role of uninhibited occlusal development.  

PubMed

Stage A treatment is compatible with contemporary orthodontic treatment. 1. It allows for free and uninhibited occlusal development. 2. It gives the orthodontist and opportunity to make a meaningful diagnosis. 3. It does not inhibit the natural inherent forces of growth and development from expressing themselves within the individual patient. 4. It establishes the position of the lower anterior teeth by their self-alignment. 5. It enables the orthodontists to predict the stability of treatment. 6. It simplifies the treatment when Stage I commences. 7. It helps in developing a good rapport between patient, parent, and orthodontist. Just as Caesar wrote of Gaul in his day, "Omnia [Begg] divisaest in partes tres ... "--Stage I, Stage II, and Stage III. I would like to suggest that new province has been added: Stage A--it being the prelude to the accepted three stages in Begg treatment or any appliance treatment of the past. PMID:278483

Rabine, M

1978-07-01

225

Local histograms and image occlusion models  

E-print Network

The local histogram transform of an image is a data cube that consists of the histograms of the pixel values that lie within a fixed neighborhood of any given pixel location. Such transforms are useful in image processing applications such as classification and segmentation, especially when dealing with textures that can be distinguished by the distributions of their pixel intensities and colors. We, in particular, use them to identify and delineate biological tissues found in histology images obtained via digital microscopy. In this paper, we introduce a mathematical formalism that rigorously justifies the use of local histograms for such purposes. We begin by discussing how local histograms can be computed as systems of convolutions. We then introduce probabilistic image models that can emulate textures one routinely encounters in histology images. These models are rooted in the concept of image occlusion. A simple model may, for example, generate textures by randomly speckling opaque blobs of one color on ...

Massar, Melody L; Fickus, Matthew; Kovacevic, Jelena

2011-01-01

226

Preventing biofilm formation and associated occlusion by biomimetic glycocalyxlike polymer in central venous catheters.  

PubMed

The use of catheters and other implanted devices is constantly increasing in modern medicine. Although catheters improve patients' healthcare, the hydrophobic nature of their surface material promotes protein adsorption and cell adhesion. Catheters are therefore prone to complications, such as colonization by bacterial and fungal biofilms, associated infections, and thrombosis. Here we describe the in vivo efficacy of biologically inspired glycocalyxlike antiadhesive coatings to inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization on commercial totally implantable venous access ports (TIVAPs) in a clinically relevant rat model of biofilm infection. Although noncoated TIVAPs implanted in rats were heavily colonized by the 2 biofilm-forming pathogens with a high percentage of occlusion, coating TIVAPs reduced their initial adherence and subsequently led to 4-log reduction in biofilm formation and reduced occlusion. Our antiadhesive approach is a simple and generalizable strategy that could be used to minimize clinical complications associated with the use of implantable medical devices. PMID:24795479

Chauhan, Ashwini; Bernardin, Aude; Mussard, Windy; Kriegel, Irène; Estève, Marc; Ghigo, Jean-Marc; Beloin, Christophe; Semetey, Vincent

2014-11-01

227

Stenting for left main coronary artery occlusion in adolescent: A case report.  

PubMed

Acute total or subtotal occlusion of left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a catastrophic and mostly fatal event. Patients may present with cardiogenic shock and die whenever this event occurs. Survival is strongly dependent on the presence of collateral blood flow to the left coronary artery or a dominant right coronary artery, and emergency intervention for preserving the left ventricular function. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old boy with subtotal occlusion of the LMCA accompanying acute myocardial infarction probably caused by congenital syphilis according to his positive serum syphilis antibody. His survival was closely associated with a dominant right coronary artery and timely thrombolytic therapy. Finally, he was treated with angioplasty and paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation. He was followed up after stenting and was doing quite well at the time when we wrote this paper. PMID:21160753

Li, Jian-Jun; Xu, Bo; Chen, Ji-Lin

2010-07-26

228

Coherent spatial and temporal occlusion generation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A vastly growing number of productions from the entertainment industry are aiming at 3D movie theatres. These productions use a two-view format, primarily intended for eye-wear assisted viewing in a well defined environment. To get this 3D content into the home environment, where a large variety of 3D viewing conditions exists (e.g different display sizes, display types, viewing distance), we need a flexible 3D format that can adjust the depth effect. Such a format is the image plus depth format in which a video frame is enriched with depth information of all pixels in the video. This format can be extended with an additional layer for occluded video and associated depth, that contains what is behind objects in the video. To produce 3D content in this extended format, one has to deduce what is behind objects. There are various axes along which this occluded data can be obtained. This paper presents a method to automatically detect and fill the occluded areas exploiting the temporal axis. To get visually pleasing results, it is of utmost importance to make the inpainting globally consistent. To do so, we start by analyzing data along the temporal axis and compute a confidence for each pixel. Then pixels from the future and the past that are not visible in the current frame are weighted and accumulated based on computed confidences. These results are then fed to a generic multi-source framework that computes the occlusion layer based on the available confidences and occlusion data.

Klein Gunnewiek, R.; Berretty, R.-P. M.; Barenbrug, B.; Magalhães, J. P.

2009-02-01

229

Effect of Occlusion on Large Vessels  

PubMed Central

The effect of permanent occlusion on the carotid artery of the rat was studied by light and by electron microscopy. A segment between two ligatures was examined at times from 2 minutes to 1 year. Between 2 and 15 minutes after occlusion, the red blood cells adjacent to the wall formed radially arranged rouleaux; within 24 hours the endothelium disappeared, while platelets (despite the lack of flow) accumulated against the denuded elastica. This behavior of formed blood elements may have been the result of electric forces (injury potential). By 3 days, undifferentiated cells were found lining the elastica interna or free in the lumen; they apparently were derived from medial smooth muscle.In the media, by 3 days some smooth muscle cells had become necrotic, while “undifferentiated” cells appeared; strong circumstantial evidence suggested that these were smooth muscle cells which had lost their specific characteristics and had thus become dedifferentiated (a phenomenon also known to occur in striated muscle cells); by 1 month they had matured into smooth muscle, but the media from then on contained fewer cells and more collagen than normal.In the lumen, the undifferentiated cells also matured into typical smooth muscle cells from 15 days onward, while collagen and elastin appeared between them. After 1 month these cells began to accumulate droplets of fat, which thereafter increased in number (at 6 months they were associated with cholesterol clefts) and then declined. This accumulation of fat in smooth muscle cells (also seen in atherosclerosis) was interesting because it occurred in the absence of blood flow. ImagesFigure 10Figure 3Figure 11Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 1Figure 2Figure 9 PMID:879275

Bhawan, J.; Joris, I.; DeGirolami, U.; Majno, G.

1977-01-01

230

A case of incomplete central retinal artery occlusion associated with short posterior ciliary artery occlusion.  

PubMed

To our knowledge, incomplete central retinal artery occlusion associated with short posterior ciliary artery occlusion is extremely rare. Herein, we describe a case of a 62-year-old man who was referred to our hospital with of transient blindness in his right eye. At initial examination, the patient's best-corrected visual acuity was 18/20 in the right eye. Fundus examination showed multiple soft exudates around the optic disc and mild macular retinal edema in his right eye; however, a cherry red spot on the macula was not detected. Fluorescein angiography revealed delayed dye inflow into the nasal choroidal hemisphere that is supplied by the short posterior ciliary artery. The following day, the patient's visual acuity improved to 20/20. Soft exudates around the optic disc increased during observation and gradually disappeared. His hemodynamic parameters revealed subclavian steal syndrome as examined by cervical ultrasonography and digital subtraction angiography. We speculate that his transient blindness was due to ophthalmic artery spasms. In this particular case, spasms of the ophthalmic artery and occlusion of the short posterior ciliary artery occurred simultaneously. As the short posterior ciliary artery branches from the ophthalmic artery, the anatomical location of the lesion might be near the branching of both arteries. PMID:23365775

Makino, Shinji; Takezawa, Mikiko; Sato, Yukihiro

2013-01-01

231

A Case of Incomplete Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Associated with Short Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

To our knowledge, incomplete central retinal artery occlusion associated with short posterior ciliary artery occlusion is extremely rare. Herein, we describe a case of a 62-year-old man who was referred to our hospital with of transient blindness in his right eye. At initial examination, the patient's best-corrected visual acuity was 18/20 in the right eye. Fundus examination showed multiple soft exudates around the optic disc and mild macular retinal edema in his right eye; however, a cherry red spot on the macula was not detected. Fluorescein angiography revealed delayed dye inflow into the nasal choroidal hemisphere that is supplied by the short posterior ciliary artery. The following day, the patient's visual acuity improved to 20/20. Soft exudates around the optic disc increased during observation and gradually disappeared. His hemodynamic parameters revealed subclavian steal syndrome as examined by cervical ultrasonography and digital subtraction angiography. We speculate that his transient blindness was due to ophthalmic artery spasms. In this particular case, spasms of the ophthalmic artery and occlusion of the short posterior ciliary artery occurred simultaneously. As the short posterior ciliary artery branches from the ophthalmic artery, the anatomical location of the lesion might be near the branching of both arteries. PMID:23365775

Makino, Shinji; Takezawa, Mikiko; Sato, Yukihiro

2013-01-01

232

Occlusal adjustment using the bite plate-induced occlusal position as a reference position for temporomandibular disorders: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Many researchers have not accepted the use of occlusal treatments for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, a recent report described a discrepancy between the habitual occlusal position (HOP) and the bite plate-induced occlusal position (BPOP) and discussed the relation of this discrepancy to TMD. Therefore, the treatment outcome of evidence-based occlusal adjustments using the bite plate-induced occlusal position (BPOP) as a muscular reference position should be evaluated in patients with TMD. Methods The BPOP was defined as the position at which a patient voluntarily closed his or her mouth while sitting in an upright posture after wearing an anterior flat bite plate for 5 minutes and then removing the plate. Twenty-one patients with TMDs underwent occlusal adjustment using the BPOP. The occlusal adjustments were continued until bilateral occlusal contacts were obtained in the BPOP. The treatment outcomes were evaluated using the subjective dysfunction index (SDI) and the Helkimo Clinical Dysfunction Index (CDI) before and after the occlusal adjustments; the changes in these two indices between the first examination and a one-year follow-up examination were then analyzed. In addition, the difference between the HOP and the BPOP was three-dimensionally measured before and after the treatment. Results The percentage of symptom-free patients after treatment was 86% according to the SDI and 76% according to the CDI. The changes in the two indices after treatment were significant (p < 0.001). The changes in the mean HOP-BPOP differences on the x-axis (mediolateral) and the y-axis (anteroposterior) were significant (p < 0.05), whereas the change on the z-axis (superoinferior) was not significant (p > 0.1). Conclusion Although the results of the present study should be confirmed in other studies, a randomized clinical trial examining occlusal adjustments using the BPOP as a reference position appears to be warranted. PMID:20346167

2010-01-01

233

Sex differences during visual scanning of occlusion events in infants.  

PubMed

A growing number of sex differences in infancy have been reported. One task on which they have been observed reliably is the event-mapping task. In event mapping, infants view an occlusion event involving 1 or 2 objects, the occluder is removed, and then infants see 1 object. Typically, boys are more likely than girls to detect an inconsistency between a 2-object occlusion event and a 1-object display. The current research investigated underlying reasons for this sex difference. Three eye-tracking experiments were conducted with infants at 9 and 4 months (mean age). Infants saw a ball-box or ball-ball occlusion event followed by a 1-ball display; visual scanning of the occlusion event and the 1-ball display was recorded. Older boys were more likely than older girls to visually track the objects through occlusion and more likely to detect an inconsistency between the ball-box event and the 1-ball display. In addition, tracking objects through occlusion was related to infants' scanning of the 1-ball display. Both younger boys and girls failed to track the objects through occlusion and to detect an inconsistency between the ball-box event and the 1-ball display. These results suggest that infants' capacity to track objects through occlusion facilitates extraction of the structure of the initial event (i.e., the number of distinct objects involved) that infants can map onto the final display and that sex differences in the capacity emerge between 4 and 9 months. Possible explanations for how the structure of an occlusion event is extracted and mapped are considered. PMID:22148944

Wilcox, Teresa; Alexander, Gerianne M; Wheeler, Lesley; Norvell, Jennifer M

2012-07-01

234

The Outback Catheter: A New Device for True Lumen Re-entry After Dissection During Recanalization of Arterial Occlusions  

SciTech Connect

To report the initial experience with a new catheter system (The Outback catheter) designed to allow fluoroscopically controlled re-entry of the true arterial lumen after subintimal guidewire passage during recanalization procedures of arterial occlusions. The catheter was used in 10 patients with intermittent claudication caused by chronic segmental occlusions of the superficial femoral or popliteal arteries. In all patients, conventional guidewire recanalization had failed. In 8 patients, successful true lumen re-entry was achieved with the Outback catheter. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was successfully performed in these patients without complications. Two technical failures occurred in heavily calcified arteries. The Outback catheter was safe and effective when used in complicated recanalization procedures in the superficial femoral and popliteal artery and the tibial trunk.

Hausegger, Klaus A., E-mail: klaus.hausegger@lkh-klu.at; Georgieva, Borjana; Portugaller, Horst; Tauss, Josef [University Hospital Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 9, 8036 Graz, Department of Radiology (Austria); Stark, Gerhard [University Hospital Graz, Graz, Department of Internal Medicine, Angiology (Austria)

2004-01-15

235

Early onset hypercholesterolemia induced by the 2nd-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib in patients with chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia.  

PubMed

Despite a well-recognized clinical benefit of the 2(nd)-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib in patients with imatinib-resistant/-intolerant or newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia, recent evidence suggests that nilotinib has a propensity to increase the risk of occlusive arterial events, especially in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular risk factors. Given the key role of lipids in cardiovascular diseases, we studied the plasma lipid profile and global cardiovascular risk prior to and during nilotinib therapy in a series of 27 patients in the setting of a prospective single center study. Data from a minimum 1-year follow up showed that nilotinib significantly increased total, low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol within three months. Consequently, the proportion of patients with non-optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased from 48.1% to 88.9% by 12 months, leading to cholesterol-lowering drug intervention in 22.2% of patients. The proportion of patients with low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased from 40.7% to 7.4% by 12 months. In contrast, a significant decrease in triglycerides was observed. Global cardiovascular risk worsened in 11.1% of patients due to diabetes or occlusive arterial events. Whether hypercholesterolemia was the main driver of occlusive arterial events was uncertain: a longer follow up is necessary to ask whether nilotinib-induced hypercholesterolemia increases long-term risk of atherosclerotic diseases. Nevertheless, given key atherogenic properties of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, we conclude that when prescribing nilotinib, commitment to detect lipid disorders at baseline and during follow up is mandatory given their frequency, requirement for changes in lifestyle or drug intervention, and potential for long-term cardiovascular complications. PMID:24658819

Rea, Delphine; Mirault, Tristan; Cluzeau, Thomas; Gautier, Jean-François; Guilhot, François; Dombret, Hervé; Messas, Emmanuel

2014-07-01

236

Preexisting hypoxia is associated with a delayed but more sustained rise in T/QRS ratio during prolonged umbilical cord occlusion in near-term fetal sheep.  

PubMed

There is limited information about whether preexisting fetal hypoxia alters hemodynamic responses and changes in T/QRS ratio and ST waveform shape during subsequent severe asphyxia. Chronically instrumented near-term sheep fetuses (124 +/- 1 days) were identified as either normoxic Pa(O(2)) > 17 mmHg (n = 9) or hypoxic Pa(O(2)) < or = 17 mmHg (n = 5); then they received complete occlusion of the umbilical cord for 15 min. Umbilical cord occlusion led to sustained bradycardia, severe acidosis, and transient hypertension followed by profound hypotension in both groups. Preexisting hypoxia did not affect changes in mean arterial blood pressure but was associated with a more rapid initial fall in femoral blood flow and vascular conductance and with transiently higher fetal heart rate at 2 min and from 9 to 11 min of occlusion compared with previously normoxic fetuses. Occlusion was associated with a significant but transient rise in T/QRS ratio; preexisting hypoxia was associated with a significant delay in this rise (maxima 3.7 +/- 0.4 vs. 6.2 +/- 0.5 min), but a slower rate of fall. There was a similar elevation in troponin-T levels 6 h after occlusion in the two groups [median (range) 0.43 (0.08, 1.32) vs. 0.55 (0.16, 2.32) microg/l, not significant]. In conclusion, mild preexisting hypoxia in normally grown singleton fetal sheep is associated with more rapid centralization of circulation after umbilical cord occlusion and delayed elevation of the ST waveform and slower fall, suggesting that chronic hypoxia alters myocardial dynamics during asphyxia. PMID:17652358

Wibbens, Bert; Bennet, Laura; Westgate, Jenny A; De Haan, Harmen H; Wassink, Guido; Gunn, Alistair J

2007-09-01

237

Chronic pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibroinflammatory disease that exists in large-duct (often with intraductal calculi) or small-duct form. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals) and genetic factors (eg, mutation in a trypsin-controlling gene or the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator); a few patients have hereditary or autoimmune disease. Pain in the form of recurrent attacks of pancreatitis (representing paralysis of apical exocytosis in acinar cells) or constant and disabling pain is usually the main symptom. Management of the pain is mainly empirical, involving potent analgesics, duct drainage by endoscopic or surgical means, and partial or total pancreatectomy. However, steroids rapidly reduce symptoms in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis, and micronutrient therapy to correct electrophilic stress is emerging as a promising treatment in the other patients. Steatorrhoea, diabetes, local complications, and psychosocial issues associated with the disease are additional therapeutic challenges. PMID:21397320

Braganza, Joan M; Lee, Stephen H; McCloy, Rory F; McMahon, Michael J

2011-04-01

238

Synergistic white matter protection with acute-on-chronic endotoxin and subsequent asphyxia in preterm fetal sheep  

PubMed Central

Background Perinatal asphyxia and exposure to intrauterine infection are associated with impaired neurodevelopment in preterm infants. Acute exposure to non-injurious infection and/or inflammation can either protect or sensitize the brain to subsequent hypoxia-ischemia. However, the effects of subacute infection and/or inflammation are unclear. In this study we tested the hypothesis that acute-on-chronic exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) would exacerbate white matter injury after subsequent asphyxia in preterm fetal sheep. Methods Fetal sheep at 0.7 gestational age received a continuous LPS infusion at 100 ng/kg for 24 hours, then 250 ng/kg/24 hours for 96 hours, plus 1 ?g boluses of LPS at 48, 72, and 96 hours or the same volume of saline. Four hours after the last bolus, complete umbilical cord occlusion or sham occlusion was induced for 15 minutes. Sheep were sacrificed 10 days after the start of infusions. Results LPS exposure was associated with induction of microglia and astrocytes and loss of total and immature and mature oligodendrocytes (n?=?9) compared to sham controls (n?=?9). Umbilical cord occlusion with saline infusions was associated with induction of microglia, astrogliosis, and loss of immature and mature oligodendrocytes (n?=?9). LPS exposure before asphyxia (n?=?8) was associated with significantly reduced microglial activation and astrogliosis and improved numbers of immature and mature oligodendrocytes compared to either LPS exposure or asphyxia alone. Conclusions Contrary to our initial hypothesis, the combination of acute-on-chronic LPS with subsequent asphyxia reduced neuroinflammation and white matter injury compared with either intervention alone. PMID:24886663

2014-01-01

239

Percutaneous Treatment in Iliac Artery Occlusion: Long-Term Results  

SciTech Connect

We evaluated the long-term results of recanalization with primary stenting for patients with long and complex iliac artery occlusions. This was a retrospective nonrandomised study. Between 1995 and 1999, 138 patients underwent recanalization of an occluded iliac artery with subsequent stenting. Patency results were calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. The mean length of follow-up was 108 months. Variables affecting primary stent patency such as patient age; stent type and diameter; lesion site, shape, and length; Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology classification; total runoff score; Fontaine classification; and cardiovascular risk factors were analysed using Breslow test. These variables were then evaluated for their relation to stent patency using Cox proportional hazards test. Technical success was 99%. Primary patency rates were 90% (SE .024), 85% (SE .029), 80% (SE .034), and 68% (SE .052) at 3, 5, 7, and 10 years, respectively. Lesion site (p = 0.022) and stent diameter (p = 0.028) were shown to have a statistically significant influence on primary stent patency. Long-term results of iliac recanalization and stent placement were excellent, without major complications, even in highly complex vascular obstructions. A primary endovascular approach appears to be justified in the majority of patients as a less invasive alternative treatment to surgery. In any case, a first-line interventional approach should be considered in elderly patients or in patients with severe comorbidities.

Gandini, Roberto; Fabiano, Sebastiano; Chiocchi, Marcello; Chiappa, Roberto, E-mail: robchiap@libero.it; Simonetti, Giovanni [University of Rome Tor Vergata, Departments of Diagnostic Imaging, Interventional Radiology, Molecular Imaging, and Radiotherapy (Italy)

2008-11-15

240

Respiratory mechanics and timing during sleep in occlusive sleep apnea.  

PubMed

Six human obese subjects with the sleep apnea hypersomnolence syndrome associated with upper airway occlusion (UAO) were studied during sleep to characterize respiration. Measurements included the timing components of ventilation, pulmonary resistance, flow, and esophageal and gastric pressures before and during UAOs. During the period between UAOs, the resistance progressively increased (9.4-18.1 cmH2O/l(-1) . s, P less than 0.05) as the ventilation decreased (1.82-0.77 l/s, P less than 0.05), but without changes in esophageal pressure swings. During this period, inspiratory time-to-total cycle time decreased (0.42-0.25 s, P less than 0.05) due to expiratory phase prolongation. The apnea began after expiration and terminated on inspiration with the maximal swings in esophageal and gastric pressure near the termination. During the UAO, the respiratory cycle time decreased slightly, but the expiratory pause time was significantly shortened immediately before ventilation. We suggest that the UAO is but one aspect of this syndrome and that a decrease in central nervous system activity diminishes the respiratory drive before the onset of the UAO. PMID:7372513

Martin, R J; Pennock, B E; Orr, W C; Sanders, M H; Rogers, R M

1980-03-01

241

Totally retroperitoneal laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass.  

PubMed

The classic procedure for aortobifemoral bypass is open surgery. Since the first totally laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass reported in 1997 by Yves-Marie Dion, laparoscopy has been accepted by several authors as a possible minimally invasive alternative for aorto-iliac occlusive disease. The transperitoneal left retrocolic and retrorenal ways are generally used. The totally retroperitoneal laparoscopic procedure has been described as an alternative to the transperitoneal approach. We report here a totally laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to performing aortobifemoral bypass. This approach was proposed to a 51-year-old man with aorto-iliac occlusive disease. There was no indication for endovascular revascularization. The patient suffered from 10 metres of bilateral intermittent claudication and lower limb ulcers. During the surgical procedure our patient was placed in a 30-degree right lateral decubitus position. The optical system was first placed in an intra-abdominal position to check the positioning of the trocars in the left retroperitoneal space. The dissection of the retroperitoneal space was performed by CO2 insufflation and by blunt dissection using laparoscopic forceps. The infrarenal aorta was exposed and clamped by laparoscopic clamps. A bifurcated graft was sutured on the left-hand side of the aorta by a running suture. Both prosthetic limbs were tunnelized retroperitoneally to the groin under optical control. The femoral anastomoses were performed by classic open surgery. PMID:18074917

Segers, B; Lemaitre, J; Bosschaerts, Th; Guntz, E; Roman, A; Jozsa, B; Hazane, E; Horn, D; Pastijn, I; Barroy, J P

2007-01-01

242

Central Retinal and Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion After Intralesional Injection of Sclerosant to Glabellar Subcutaneous Hemangioma  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study is to describe vision loss caused by central retinal artery and posterior ciliary artery occlusion as a consequence of sclerotherapy with a polidocanol injection to a glabellar hemangioma. An 18-year-old man underwent direct injection with a 23-gauge needle of 1 mL of a polidocanol-carbon dioxide emulsion into the glabellar subcutaneous hemangioma under ultrasound visualization of the needle tip by radiologists. He developed lid swelling the next day, and 3 days later at referral, the visual acuity in the left eye was no light perception. Funduscopy revealed central retinal artery occlusion and fluorescein angiography disclosed no perfusion at all in the left fundus, indicating concurrent posterior ciliary artery occlusion. The patient also showed mydriasis, blepharoptosis, and total external ophthalmoplegia on the left side. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the swollen medial rectus muscle. In a month, blepharoptosis and ophthalmoplegia resolved but the visual acuity remained no light perception. Sclerosing therapy for facial hemangioma may develop a severe complication such as permanent visual loss.

Matsuo, Toshihiko, E-mail: matsuot@cc.okayama-u.ac.j [Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology (Japan); Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Gobara, Hideo; Mimura, Hidefumi; Kanazawa, Susumu [Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Radiology (Japan)

2009-03-15

243

Relationship between angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/deletion gene polymorphism and retinal vein occlusion  

PubMed Central

To evaluate the association between angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D) gene polymorphism and retinal vein occlusion (RVO). A total of 80 patients with retinal vein occlusion who was admitted to the Eye Department of Kartal Training and Research Hospital between 2008 and 2011, and 80 subjects were enrolled in this retrospective case–control study. Patients who experienced RVO within one week to six months of study enrolment were included, and those with coronary artery diseases, prior myocardial infarction history and coagulation disturbances were excluded from the study. The diagnosis was made by ophthalmoscopic fundus examination and fluorescein angiography. The ACE gene I/D polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction, and the ACE gene was classified into three types: I/I, I/D and D/D. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, ACE D/D genotype (p?=?0.035), diabetes-mellitus (p?=?0.019) and hypertension (p?=?0.001) were found to be independent predictive factors for RVO. The results of the present study reveal that ACE D/D polymorphism is an independent predictive factor for RVO. However, one cannot definitely conclude that ACE gene polymorphism is a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion. PMID:25161389

2014-01-01

244

Relationship between angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/deletion gene polymorphism and retinal vein occlusion.  

PubMed

To evaluate the association between angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D) gene polymorphism and retinal vein occlusion (RVO). A total of 80 patients with retinal vein occlusion who was admitted to the Eye Department of Kartal Training and Research Hospital between 2008 and 2011, and 80 subjects were enrolled in this retrospective case-control study. Patients who experienced RVO within one week to six months of study enrolment were included, and those with coronary artery diseases, prior myocardial infarction history and coagulation disturbances were excluded from the study. The diagnosis was made by ophthalmoscopic fundus examination and fluorescein angiography. The ACE gene I/D polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction, and the ACE gene was classified into three types: I/I, I/D and D/D. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, ACE D/D genotype (p?=?0.035), diabetes-mellitus (p?=?0.019) and hypertension (p?=?0.001) were found to be independent predictive factors for RVO. The results of the present study reveal that ACE D/D polymorphism is an independent predictive factor for RVO. However, one cannot definitely conclude that ACE gene polymorphism is a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion. PMID:25161389

Kutluturk, I??l; Karagöz, Ali; Bezgin, Tahir; Oduncu, Vecih; Elveran, Ali; Do?an, Cem; Elbay, Ahmet; Kirma, Cevat; Ozertürk, Yusuf

2014-01-01

245

The Interaction of FRC and Ventilation on Occlusion Pressure in Conscious Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analytical and experimental results relating the interaction of functional residual capacity (FRC) and ventilation (V) on occlusion pressure in conscious man are presented. An analytical model was developed relating the airway pressure measured 100 ms after occlusion (P100) with FRC and V just before occlusion. By relating the change in diaphragmatic force with time during breathing to that during occlusion,

T. H. Shaffer; M. D. Altose; D. H. Lederer; N. S. Cherniack

1977-01-01

246

Efficient occlusion-free visualization for navigation in mountainous areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In three-dimensional (3D) navigation, if mountainous terrain is displayed based on ordinary perspective projection, viewers often find that the features of interest are occluded, which prevents an overview of the features. This paper presents an approach for the automatic generation of consecutive non-perspective views of mountainous terrain. The proposed method can generate views without occlusions of important features, and allows viewers to navigate the landscape. The ray-tracing technique is employed to detect occlusions. The local elevations that occlude important features are transformed, while the resemblance and realism of the 3D landscape are maintained by solving global optimization problems. The approach maximizes the visibility of the features of interest on the deformed terrain. It also maintains a good balance between the elimination of occlusion and the preservation of resemblance. The occlusion-free visualization framework satisfies the demand for navigation and tour guidance in mountainous areas at interactive frame rates.

Deng, Hao; Zhang, Liqiang; Han, Chunming; Ren, Yingchao; Zhang, Liang; Li, Jonathan

2013-03-01

247

21 CFR 878.4020 - Occlusive wound dressing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4020 Occlusive wound dressing. (a) Identification. An...

2013-04-01

248

21 CFR 878.4020 - Occlusive wound dressing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4020 Occlusive wound dressing. (a) Identification. An...

2012-04-01

249

Chemical burn caused by topical application of garlic under occlusion.  

PubMed

Allium sativum (garlic) can cause an irritant contact dermatitis, secondary to naturopathic practices. We report an unusually severe case of chemical burn following garlic applied under occlusion. PMID:24456964

Xu, Shuai; Heller, Marissa; Wu, Peggy A; Nambudiri, Vinod E

2014-01-01

250

Diagnosis and management of occlusal wear: a case report.  

PubMed

The rationale for doing full mouth rehabilitation are, when occlusal forces become traumatic hampering the health of periodontal tissues, extensive occlusal diseases, trauma, temporomandibular joint disease and congenital disorders with malformed dentition. Literature exposes that full mouth fixed rehabilitation is one of the taxing procedures in the field of Prosthodontics. A critical aspect for successful occlusal rehabilitation is to determine the aetiology, correct sequence of treatment and most importantly the occlusal vertical dimension and centric relation in which to plan the treatment. A systematic approach in managing these patients can lead to a predictable and favourable prognosis. This article presents the stages of prosthodontic rehabilitation, from diagnosis to final treatment and follow-up, of a bruxer patient with severely worn dentition. PMID:24431762

Thirumurthy, V R; Bindhoo, Y A; Jacob, Sunil Joseph; Kurien, Anjana; Limson, K S; Vidhiyasagar, P

2013-09-01

251

Temporary orthodontic anchorage devices for improving occlusion.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to provide insight into clinical and laboratory aspects of mini-screw implant (MI) research conducted in the Department of Orthodontics at Baylor College of Dentistry. Excerpts were selected from clinical and laboratory MI research utilizing one type of implant and one consistent placement protocol to illustrate the clinical usage of MI as skeletal anchorage during Class II bimaxillary correction. In addition, a translational animal model was utilized to illustrate possible side-effects of MI placement. Our studies have shown that successful and consistent clinical results are possible with MI use. Although iatrogenic trauma may occur during the placement of MI, a translational research model has provided data used to develop a placement protocol in order to avoid this dilemma. Absolute skeletal anchorage is a reality with MI use and can be used for successful orthodontic outcomes in the correction of Class II bimaxillary protrusion malocclusions to ideal Class I occlusions. Moreover, meticulous care has been shown to be essential with treatment planning and during placement of MI. Significant and extensive damage can occur with poor placement while healing is possible following minor trauma. PMID:19627521

Rossouw, P E; Buschang, P H

2009-08-01

252

Local histograms and image occlusion models.  

PubMed

The local histogram transform of an image is a data cube that consists of the histograms of the pixel values that lie within a fixed neighborhood of any given pixel location. Such transforms are useful in image processing applications such as classification and segmentation, especially when dealing with textures that can be distinguished by the distributions of their pixel intensities and colors. We, in particular, use them to identify and delineate biological tissues found in histology images obtained via digital microscopy. In this paper, we introduce a mathematical formalism that rigorously justifies the use of local histograms for such purposes. We begin by discussing how local histograms can be computed as systems of convolutions. We then introduce probabilistic image models that can emulate textures one routinely encounters in histology images. These models are rooted in the concept of image occlusion. A simple model may, for example, generate textures by randomly speckling opaque blobs of one color on top of blobs of another. Under certain conditions, we show that, on average, the local histograms of such model-generated-textures are convex combinations of more basic distributions. We further provide several methods for creating models that meet these conditions; the textures generated by some of these models resemble those found in histology images. Taken together, these results suggest that histology textures can be analyzed by decomposing their local histograms into more basic components. We conclude with a proof-of-concept segmentation-and-classification algorithm based on these ideas, supported by numerical experimentation. PMID:23543920

Massar, Melody L; Bhagavatula, Ramamurthy; Fickus, Matthew; Kova?evi?, Jelena

2013-05-01

253

Assessment of occlusion after placement of stainless steel crowns in children - a pilot study.  

PubMed

Many stainless steel crowns (SSCs) disrupt the occlusion in children, but stabilisation appears to occur within a short period post-placement. The extent and mechanism of these short-term occlusal changes in children are unknown. This study sought to determine whether placement of a SSC changes the maximum intercuspation position (MIP) in children, whether the MIP returns to normal within 4 weeks and whether local anaesthesia had an effect on the child's ability to achieve MIP. The T-Scan(®) III was used for the measurement of occlusal contacts. Reliability and reproducibility of the system was determined using a calibration exercise where MIP recordings were taken of eleven children not undergoing any dental treatment. For the main study, the percentage of total occlusal force on each tooth was recorded in 20 children preoperatively, after local anaesthesia, after SSC placement and 4 weeks postoperatively. There was no significant difference in MIP (P = 0·435) preoperatively and post-administration of local anaesthesia. There was a significant difference between the preoperative force on a tooth and the reading after crown placement (P = 0·0013, Wilcoxon test). By 4 weeks, there was no significant difference overall between post-SSC placement and the preoperative value for the tooth (P = 0·3). Administration of local anaesthesia did not affect the ability of a child to attain MIP. Maximum intercuspation position was disturbed by the placement of a SSC in seven of 20 cases. When MIP was disturbed, in most cases, it returned to preoperative status within 4 weeks of crown placement. PMID:24913609

Gallagher, S; O'Connell, B C; O'Connell, A C

2014-10-01

254

OCCLUSION-FREE IMAGE GENERATION FOR REALISTIC TEXTURE MAPPING  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Photo-realistic 3D models are nowadays,required in many applications. The 3D modelling pipeline can be imageor range-based and often ends up with ,a visualization ,of a ,virtual textured model. One of the ,main ,problems ,encountered ,in texture mapping ,is the disturbance in the images by occlusions, which do not allow the generation of photo-realistic textured 3D models. Occlusions can be

Diego Ortin; Fabio Remondino

255

Pathophysiological aspects of sickle cell vaso-occlusion  

SciTech Connect

This book contains over 30 selections. Some of the titles are: An Animal Model for Sickle Cell Vaso-Occlusion: A Study Using NMR and Technetium Imaging; Sickle-Cell Vaso-Occlusion in an Animal Model: Intravital Microscopy and Radionuclide Imaging of Selective Sequestration of Dense Cells; Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Percentage of Dense Cells, and Serum Prostanoids as Tools for Objective Assessment of Pain Crisis: A Preliminary Report; and Painful Crisis and Dense Echinocytes: Effects of Hydration and Vasodilators.

Nagel, R.L.

1987-01-01

256

Vertebral artery decompression in a patient with rotational occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We report a patient who suffered drop attacks during head reclination. Computer tomography of the cervical spine demonstrated\\u000a a stenotic right vertebral artery at C4\\/5. However, Doppler ultrasonography of the vertebral artery showed no abnormality.\\u000a Angiography confirmed complete occlusion of the left vertebral and a stenosis of the right vertebral artery. Dynamic angiography\\u000a indicated occlusion of the stenotic region on

A. K. Petridis; H. Barth; R. Buhl; H. M. Mehdorn

2008-01-01

257

Multiple extra macular branch retinal vein occlusions in hyperhomocysteinemia  

PubMed Central

Hyperhomocysteinemia is a well-known modifiable risk factor for thromboembolism. Retinal vascular occlusion in patients having hyperhomocysteinemia is a known entity, particularly in young patients. However, multiple extra macular branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is a rare condition, which can be a presentation of this disease. We present a patient who had multiple extra macular BRVO; on complete systemic workup, he was found to have raised homocysteine levels. PMID:24817751

Gore, Abhijit Diwakar; Rao, Girish Shiva; Gore, Mansi Abhijit; Desai, Abhishek R

2014-01-01

258

Hyperhomocysteinemia: a risk factor for central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE:Previous studies have documented that elevated plasma homocysteine level is a risk factor for vascular disease. This study was performed to determine whether hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for central retinal vein occlusion.METHODS:In a case-control study, data from 74 patients with documented central retinal vein occlusion were reassessed. Control subjects consisted of individuals referred to the same clinic for assessment

Andrew K Vine

2000-01-01

259

Reliability of different facial measurements for determination of vertical dimension of occlusion in edentulous using accepted facial dimensions recorded from dentulous subjects.  

PubMed

The study was undertaken to evaluate the reliability of different facial measurements for determination of vertical dimension of occlusion in edentulous subjects using accepted facial dimensions recorded from dentulous subjects. The hypothesis was that facial measurements can be used to obtain the vertical dimension of occlusion for edentulous patients where no pre-extraction records exist. A total of 180 subjects were selected in the age groups of 50-60 years, consisting of 75 dentate male and 75 dentate female subjects for whom different facial measurements were recorded including vertical dimension of occlusion and rest, and 15 edentulous male and 15 edentulous female subjects for whom all the facial measurements were recorded including the vertical dimension of rest and occlusion following construction of upper and lower complete dentures. The left outer canthus of eye to angle of mouth distance and the right Ear-Eye distance were found to be as valuable adjuncts in the determination of occlusal vertical dimension. The Glabella-Subnasion distance, the Pupil-Stomion distance, the Pupil-Rima Oris distance and the distance between the two Angles of the Mouth did not have a significant role in the determination of the occlusal vertical dimension. The vertical dimension can be determined with reasonable accuracy by utilizing other facial measurements for patients for whom no pre-extraction records exist. PMID:25183907

Nagpal, Abhishek; Parkash, Hari; Bhargava, Akshay; Chittaranjan, B

2014-09-01

260

Occlusal concepts application in resolving implant prosthetic failure: case report.  

PubMed

The prosthetic management of a poor implant treatment is presented in this case report. The recommended occlusion concepts for implant-supported prostheses were applied for the resolution of the case. The rehabilitation of the posterior segments provided a mutually protected occlusion with adequate distribution of the axial and lateral bite forces with stable posterior occlusion. The clinical exam indicated the need for modification in the vertical dimension of occlusion. Sufficient interocclusal rest space was present to test the alteration in the vertical dimension. The aim was to achieve an occlusion scheme that followed four specific criteria: (1) centric contacts and centric relation of the jaw-to-jaw position; (2) anterior guidance only; (3) shallow anterior angle of tooth contact; and (4) vertical dimension of occlusion with acceptable tooth form and guidance. The success of an oral rehabilitation relies in following the aforementioned criteria, appropriate interaction between the dental laboratory technician and the clinician, careful elaboration of the provisional rehabilitation with all the desired details to be reproduced in the final prosthetic restoration and sufficient follow-up time of the provisional prostheses before placing the final restoration. PMID:22251257

Jamcoski, Vanessa Helena; Faot, Fernanda; de Mattias Sartori, Ivete Aparecida; Vieira, Rogéria Acedo; Tiossi, Rodrigo

2014-04-01

261

Use of PTFE Stent Grafts for Hemodialysis-related Central Venous Occlusions: Intermediate-Term Results  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the safety and effectiveness of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) encapsulated nitinol stents (Bard Peripheral Vascular, Tempe, AZ) for treatment of hemodialysis-related central venous occlusions. Materials and Methods: Study design was a single-center nonrandomized retrospective cohort of patients from May 2004 to August 2009 for a total of 64 months. There were 14 patients (mean age 60 years, range 50-83 years; 13 male, 1 female). All patients had autogenous fistulas. All 14 patients had central venous occlusions and presented with clinical symptoms of the following: extremity swelling (14%, 2 of 14), extremity and face swelling (72%, 10 of 14), and face swelling/edema (14%, 2 of 14). There was evidence of access dysfunction with decreased access flow in 36% (5 of 14) patients. There were prior interventions or previous line placement at the site of the central venous lesion in all 14 patients. Results were assessed by recurrence of clinical symptoms and function of the access circuit (National Kidney Foundation recommended criteria). Results: Sixteen consecutive straight stent grafts were implanted in 14 patients. Average treated lesion length was 5.0 cm (range, 0.9-7 cm). All 14 patients had complete central venous occlusion (100% stenosis). The central venous occlusions were located as follows: right subclavian and brachiocephalic vein (21%, 3 of 14), right brachiocephalic vein (36%, 5 of 14), left brachiocephalic vein (36%, 5 of 14), and bilateral brachiocephalic vein (7%, 1 of 14). A total of 16 PTFE stent grafts were placed. Ten- or 12-mm-diameter PTFE stent grafts were placed. The average stent length was 6.1 cm (range, 4-8 cm). Technical (deployment), anatomic (<30% residual stenosis), clinical (resolution of symptoms), and hemodynamic (resolution of access dysfunction) success were 100%. At 3, 6, and 9 months, primary patency of the treated area and access circuit were 100% (14 of 14). Conclusions: This PTFE encapsulated stent graft demonstrates encouraging intermediate-term patency results for central vein occlusions. Further prospective studies with long-term assessment and larger patient populations will be required.

Kundu, Sanjoy, E-mail: sanjoy_kundu40@hotmail.com; Modabber, Milad [Scarborough General Hospital-General Division, Department of Medical Imaging (Canada); You, John M. [Scarborough General Hospital-General Division, Department of Vascular Surgery (Canada); Tam, Paul; Nagai, Gordon; Ting, Robert [Scarborough General Hospital-General Division, Department of Nephrology (Canada)

2011-10-15

262

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

... a problem you need to take care of. Chronic pain is different. The pain signals go on for ... there is no clear cause. Problems that cause chronic pain include Headache Low back strain Cancer Arthritis Pain ...

263

Hyperhomocystinemia in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, central retinal artery occlusion, and central retinal vein occlusion 1 1 Received October 23, 1999. Accepted March 28, 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperhomocystinemia among patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).

Pazit Pianka; Yehoshua Almog; Oran Man; Michaela Goldstein; Ben-Ami Sela; Anat Loewenstein

2000-01-01

264

Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Chronic Pain Information Page Synonym(s): Pain - Chronic Condensed from Pain: Hope Through Research Table of Contents (click to jump ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Chronic Pain? While acute pain is a normal sensation triggered ...

265

Neovascular Glaucoma Due to Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Combined with Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) rarely cause neovascular glaucoma (NVG). A 58-year-old woman with hypertension and type 2 diabetic mellitus complained of progressive visual loss in her right eye for the previous 3 months. At initial examination, visual acuity was 20 / 63 in the right eye. Angle neovascularization was observed and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 30 mmHg in her right eye. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography showed BRAO combined with BRVO. We immediately injected intravitreal and intracameral bevacizumab in her right eye. The next day, we performed scatter photocoagulation in the nonperfusion area. One month later, visual acuity was 20 / 20 in her right eye and the IOP was 17 mmHg with one topical antiglaucoma agent. The neovascularization had regressed completely. We report a case of unilateral NVG which was caused by BRAO with concomitant BRVO and advise close ophthalmic examination of the iris and angle in BRVO with BRAO. PMID:23372385

An, Tae-Su

2013-01-01

266

[Mesenteric inflammatory veno-occlusive disease (MIVOD)--a rare cause of intestinal ischemia].  

PubMed

Mesenteric inflammatory veno-occlusive disease (MIVOD) is a relatively recently known and not very often diagnosed form of ischemic bowel disease of low incidence und unknown etiology. We present the case of a patient who after presentation of inconclusive signs of epigastric pain and rectal bleeding suddenly developed right abdominal pain with local peritonism. Suspecting intestinal ischemia or perforated appendicitis we first performed laparoscopy, which showed an inflammable tumor of cecum, ascending colon and appendix with massive adhesions to the abdominal wall. We performed an open right hemicolectomy with primary anastomosis. The patient developed a deep vein thrombosis of the vena tibialis post. and vena saphena parva. After 12 months our patient is free of complaints and recurrence. Investigations carried out showed no evidence of hypercoagulopathy. The presentation of MIVOD can range from chronic inflammatory bowel disease with recurrent abdominal pain in combination with nausea, emesis and bloody diarrhea to acute abdomen. Therefore diagnostic misinterpretation and mistherapy as well as underdiagnosis is common. Histologic investigation shows a variable inflammatory infiltration of multiple veins of the intestinal wall and the mesentery as well as thrombotic vessel occlusion in different stages without involvement of the arteries. All forms of hypercoagulopathy, parasitic disease, sepsis and malignancy have to be excluded. Therapeutic success can only be achieved with surgical resection of the affected bowel, whereon in general no recurrence will occur. PMID:16395991

Knauer, Michael; Haid, Anton; Gruber-Mösenbacher, Ulrike; Wenzl, Etienne

2005-09-01

267

Sex Differences During Visual Scanning of Occlusion Events in Infants  

PubMed Central

A growing number of sex differences in infant behavior have been reported over the last 10 years. One task on which sex differences have been observed reliably is the event-mapping task. In this task, infants view an occlusion event involving 1 or 2 objects, the occluder is removed, and then infants see 1 object sitting on the platform. When the occlusion sequence is complex (i.e., involves paths of motion that change direction when occluded), boys are more likely than girls to detect an inconsistency between a 2-object occlusion event and a 1-object display. The current research used eye-tracking technology to investigate the specific cognitive processes that underlie these sex differences. Three experiments were conducted with 2 age groups of infants with mean ages of 9 months and 4 months. Infants saw a ball–box (2-object) or ball–ball (1-object) occlusion event followed by a 1-ball display; visual scanning of the occlusion event and the 1-ball display was recorded. In the older age group, boys were more likely than girls to visually track the objects through occlusion; they were also more likely to detect an inconsistency between the ball–box event and the 1-ball display (i.e., they visually searched for the missing box). In addition, tracking of the objects through occlusion was related to infants' scanning of the 1-ball display. In the younger age group, both boys and girls failed to track the objects through occlusion and to detect an inconsistency between the ball–box event and the 1–ball display. These results suggest that infants' capacity to track objects through occlusion facilitates extraction of the structure of the initial event (i.e., the number of distinct objects involved), that infants can map onto the final display, and that sex differences in this ability emerge between 4 and 9 months. Possible explanations for how the structure of an occlusion event is extracted and mapped onto a subsequent nonocclusion display are considered. PMID:22148944

Wilcox, Teresa; Alexander, Gerianne M.; Wheeler, Lesley; Norvell, Jennifer M.

2013-01-01

268

Time management in acute vertebrobasilar occlusion.  

PubMed

Acute vertebrobasilar occlusion (VBO) is associated with a high risk of stroke and death. Although local thrombolysis may achieve recanalization and improve outcome, mortality is still between 35% and 75%. However, without recanalization the chance of a good outcome is extremely poor, with mortality rates of 80-90%. Early treatment is a fundamental factor, but detailed studies of the exact time management of the diagnostic and interventional workflow are still lacking. Data on 18 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Time periods between symptom onset, admission to hospital, time of diagnosis, and beginning of intervention were correlated with postinterventional neurological status. The Glasgow Coma Scale and National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were used to examine patients before and after local thrombolysis. Additionally, multivariate statistics were applied to reveal similarities between patients with neurological improvement. Primary recanalization was achieved in 77% of patients. The overall mortality was 55%. Major complications were intracranial hemorrhage and peripheral embolism. The time period from symptom onset to intervention showed a strong correlation with the postinterventional NIHSS as well as the patient's age, with the best results in a 4-h interval. Multivariate statistics revealed similarities among the patients. Evaluation of time management in acute VBO by multivariate statistics is a helpful tool for definition of similarities in this patient group. Similarly to the door-to-balloon time for acute coronary interventions, the chances for a good outcome depend on a short time interval between symptom onset and intervention. While the only manipulable time period starts with hospital admission, our results emphasize the necessity of efficient intrahospital workflow. PMID:18704570

Kamper, Lars; Rybacki, Konrad; Mansour, Michael; Winkler, Sven B; Kempkes, Udo; Haage, Patrick

2009-03-01

269

Coronary occlusive disease and late graft failure after cardiac transplantation  

PubMed Central

Objective—Coronary occlusive disease is the main cause of late mortality after cardiac transplantation. It has both similarities and differences compared with conventional atherosclerotic coronary disease. The pathophysiology of late graft failure from coronary occlusive disease is unclear at present. We reviewed the experience of this disorder in our cardiac transplant programme. Design—A retrospective analysis of angiographic and pathological data. Setting—A regional cardiothoracic centre and transplant unit. Patients—Of a population of 383 orthotopic cardiac transplant recipients operated upon between January 1979 and June 1990, 447 coronary angiograms were available for review in 193 patients. Thirteen of a possible 18 results of post mortem examinations from patients dying from coronary occlusive disease were available. Main outcome measure—Coronary occlusive disease was defined as any evidence of disease on coronary angiography. Post mortem examinations were performed with standard techniques. Results The angiographic prevalence of coronary occlusive disease was 3% (1/32 patients) and 40% (19/47 patients) at one and five years respectively. Twenty six grafts failed due to coronary occlusive disease compared with 132 graft failures from all causes during this period. Acute thrombosis was present in a large vessel in seven of 13 fatal cases undergoing necropsy (54%). Noticeable large vessel involvement with disease in smaller distal vessels was present in four patients (31%). The remaining two patients (15%) had small vessel disease alone. Twelve of the 13 patients had significant cardiomegaly (cardiac weight ?400 g) with a mean weight of 510 (range 370-740) g. Conclusion—Coronary occlusive disease is the main late complication after cardiac transplantation. A combination of coronary thrombosis, ischaemia from stenoses of large and small coronary vessels, and cardiomegaly contribute to the graft failure of these patients. PMID:1389755

Mullins, P A; Cary, N R; Sharples, L; Scott, J; Aravot, D; Large, S R; Wallwork, J; Schofield, P M

1992-01-01

270

Differences in molar relationships and occlusal contact areas evaluated from the buccal and lingual aspects using 3-dimensional digital models  

PubMed Central

Objective The aims of this study were to use a 3-dimensional (3D) system to compare molar relationship assessments performed from the buccal and lingual aspects, and to measure differences in occlusal contact areas between Class II and Class I molar relationships. Methods Study casts (232 pairs from 232 subjects, yielding a total of 380 sides) were evaluated from both the buccal and lingual aspects, so that molar relationships could be classified according to the scheme devised by Liu and Melsen. Occlusal contact areas were quantified using 3D digital models, which were generated through surface scanning of the study casts. Results A cusp-to-central fossa relationship was observed from the lingual aspect in the majority of cases classified from the buccal aspect as Class I (89.6%) or mild Class II (86.7%). However, severe Class II cases had lingual cusp-to-mesial triangular fossa or marginal ridge relationships. Mean occlusal contact areas were similar in the Class I and mild Class II groups, while the severe Class II group had significantly lower values than either of the other 2 groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions Buccal and lingual assessments of molar relationships were not always consistent. Occlusal contact areas were lowest for the Class II-severe group, which seems to have the worst molar relationships - especially as seen from the lingual aspect. PMID:23112949

Jang, Sook-Yoon; Kim, Minji

2012-01-01

271

Spontaneous Massive Necrosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Narrowing and Occlusion of the Arteries and Portal Veins  

PubMed Central

We herein present the case of a 77-year-old man who had fever and right hypochondriac pain. He visited his doctor and underwent contrast computed tomography (CT), and he was suspected to have a liver abscess. He received an antibiotic treatment and his symptoms soon disappeared, but the tumor did not get smaller and its density on contrast CT image got stronger. He underwent biopsy and moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was found. Extended left hepatic and caudate lobectomy was performed. Histological examination showed moderately differentiated HCC with narrowing and occlusion both in the arteries and portal veins associated with mild chronic inflammation. The mechanisms of spontaneous regression of HCC, such as immunological reactions and tumor hypoxia, have been proposed. In our case, histological examination showed the same findings. However, the mechanism is complex, and therefore further investigations are essential to elucidate it. PMID:24926228

Tomino, Takahiro; Yamashita, Yo-ichi; Iguchi, Tomohiro; Itoh, Shinji; Ninomiya, Mizuki; Ikegami, Toru; Yoshizumi, Tomoharu; Soejima, Yuji; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Ikeda, Tetsuo; Aishima, Shinichi; Shirabe, Ken; Maehara, Yoshihiko

2014-01-01

272

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease in an 11-year-old girl: diagnostic pitfalls.  

PubMed

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare chronic lung disease that is difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical findings. Little is known about the pathogenesis of PVOD. Reported herein is the case of an 11-year-old girl who initially presented with 'bat-wing' shadows on chest radiography. This finding, coupled with prominent hemosiderosis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, initially led to a misdiagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. Oral prednisolone dramatically improved signs and symptoms initially, but her condition then gradually deteriorated during maintenance therapy with corticosteroids and other immunosuppressants. PVOD was suspected but not confirmed owing to a lack of hallmark radiographic findings and contraindications for lung biopsy. Three years later, while arranging for lung transplantation, the patient experienced sudden onset of fatal massive pulmonary edema. PVOD was confirmed at autopsy. This case provides insights regarding an unfamiliar presentation of PVOD and may help physicians to avoid diagnostic pitfalls. PMID:24548200

Kano, Gen; Nakamura, Keiko; Sakamoto, Izumi

2014-02-01

273

Intermittent lower-limb occlusion enhances recovery after strenuous exercise.  

PubMed

Repeated cycles of vascular occlusion followed by reperfusion initiate a protective mechanism that acts to mitigate future cell injury. Such ischemic episodes are known to improve vasodilation, oxygen utilization, muscle function, and have been demonstrated to enhance exercise performance. Thus, the use of occlusion cuffs represents a novel intervention that may improve subsequent exercise performance. Fourteen participants performed an exercise protocol that involved lower-body strength and power tests followed by repeated sprints. Occlusion cuffs were then applied unilaterally (2 × 3-min per leg) with a pressure of either 220 (intervention) or 15 mm Hg (control). Participants immediately repeated the exercise protocol, and then again 24 h later. The intervention elicited delayed beneficial effects (24 h post-intervention) in the countermovement jump test with concentric (effect size (ES) = 0.36) and eccentric (ES = 0.26) velocity recovering more rapidly compared with the control. There were also small beneficial effects on 10- and 40-m sprint times. In the squat jump test there were delayed beneficial effects of occlusion on eccentric power (ES = 1.38), acceleration (ES = 1.24), and an immediate positive effect on jump height (ES = 0.61). Thus, specific beneficial effects on recovery of power production and sprint performance were observed both immediately and 24 h after intermittent unilateral occlusion was applied to each leg. PMID:22970789

Beaven, Christopher Martyn; Cook, Christian John; Kilduff, Liam; Drawer, Scott; Gill, Nicholas

2012-12-01

274

Occlusion of Fontan fenestrations using the Amplatzer septal occluder  

PubMed Central

Objective—To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Amplatzer septal occluder device for occlusion of Fontan fenestrations.?Subjects—Five children aged 5-10 years who had undergone a fenestrated Fontan operation.?Setting—Tertiary paediatric cardiology centre.?Methods—Each patient had right and left heart catheterisation to assess haemodynamic suitability for fenestration closure. Sizing of the defect was achieved with a balloon wedge catheter and transoesphageal echocardiography. Transcatheter occlusion of the fenestration was accomplished using a 4 mm device in three patients, and 5 mm or 9 mm devices in the other two patients. Residual shunting following occlusion was assessed using angiography and echocardiography.?Results—100% occlusion rate of the fenestration was achieved in all patients. No complications or device failures were seen during the three month follow up period.?Conclusion—The Amplatzer septal occluder device is safe, and effectively occludes the Fontan fenestration.?? Keywords: Fontan circulation;  fenestration occlusion;  Amplatzer septal occluder device;  congenital heart disease PMID:9616344

Tofeig, M; Walsh, K; Chan, C; Ladusans, E; Gladman, G; Arnold, R

1998-01-01

275

[Prevention and treatment of hepatic veno-occlusive disease].  

PubMed

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is currently the main cause of hepatic veno-occlusive disease, which is the early complication of this procedure with the highest short-term morbidity and mortality. Given that mortality from severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease can be nearly 100%, the search for measures to prevent of treat this complication is essential. Several risk factors for this complication have been identified and the triggering event that leads to sinusoidal obstruction has been shown to be sinusoidal endothelial cell injury. The present review analyzes measures to avoid or modify the casual risk factors for this complication, as well as the pharmacological agents that can prevent or modify the initial endothelial dysfunction or the resulting sinusoidal occlusion. PMID:21571396

Carreras, Enric

2011-11-01

276

Ambient Occlusion Effects for Combined Volumes and Tubular Geometry  

PubMed Central

This paper details a method for interactive direct volume rendering that computes ambient occlusion effects for visualizations that combine both volumetric and geometric primitives, specifically tube-shaped geometric objects representing streamlines, magnetic field lines or DTI fiber tracts. The algorithm extends the recently presented the directional occlusion shading model to allow the rendering of those geometric shapes in combination with a context providing 3D volume, considering mutual occlusion between structures represented by a volume or geometry. Stream tube geometries are computed using an effective spline-based interpolation and approximation scheme that avoids self-intersection and maintains coherent orientation of the stream tube segments to avoid surface deforming twists. Furthermore, strategies to reduce the geometric and specular aliasing of the stream tubes are discussed. PMID:23559506

Schott, Mathias; Martin, Tobias; Grosset, A.V. Pascal; Smith, Sean T.; Hansen, Charles D.

2013-01-01

277

Familial pulmonary veno-occlusive disease: a case report.  

PubMed Central

A case of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease in a male infant who died at the age of 3 months is presented. Both intra- and extrapulmonary veins were involved. Two years earlier a brother had died of the same disease at the age of 8 weeks, but, in that case, the disease was restricted to the intrapulmonary veins. It is suggested that the disease may have been caused by a viral infection, the mother acting as a carrier. The simultaneous occurrence of intra- and extraparenchymal pulmonary vein occlusion indicates that some instances of isolated extraparenchymal pulmonary vein atresia or obstruction may also have been examples of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease. Images PMID:601742

Voordes, C G; Kuipers, J R; Elema, J D

1977-01-01

278

Treatment of macular edema due to retinal vein occlusions  

PubMed Central

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a prevalent retinal vascular disease, second only to diabetic retinopathy. Previously there was no treatment for central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and patients were simply observed for the development of severe complications, generally resulting in poor visual outcomes. The only treatment for branch vein occlusion (BRVO) was grid laser photocoagulation, which reduces edema very slowly and provides benefit in some, but not all patients. Within the past year, clinical trials have demonstrated the effects of three new pharmacologic treatments, ranibizumab, triamcinolone acetonide, and dexamethasone implants. The benefit/risk ratio is best for intraocular injections of ranibizumab, making this first-line therapy for most patients with CRVO or BRVO, while intraocular steroids are likely to play adjunctive roles. Standard care for patients with RVO has changed and will continue to evolve as results with other new agents are revealed. PMID:21629578

Channa, Roomasa; Smith, Michael; Campochiaro, Peter A

2011-01-01

279

Inaugural severe vaso-occlusive retinopathy in systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

Purpose To report the case of a patient with an inaugural severe bilateral vaso-occlusive retinopathy due to systemic lupus erythematosus. Method Clinical examination, fundus pictures and fluorescein angiography were performed. Results A 26-year-old, healthy, African man presented with a meningo-encephalitic syndrome and a severe bilateral visual impairment. The fundus examination revealed multiple retinal vascular occlusions, and a fluorescein angiography showed retinal and choroidal ischemia bilaterally. In addition, based on the neurologic disorders, a pleuritis, a renal disorder and a hematologic disorder, systemic lupus erythematosus, was diagnosed. Conclusions Severe vaso-occlusive retinopathy in a 26-year-old man resulting in a significant visual loss as the initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Central nervous system involvement during lupus might be more frequent in patients when serious retinal changes occur. PMID:23124274

Giocanti-Auregan, Audrey; Grenet, Typhaine; Rohart, Charlotte; Badelon, Isabelle; Chaine, Gilles

2013-06-01

280

Transcatheter vessel occlusion: angiographic results versus clinical success  

SciTech Connect

A review was made of 219 transcatheter vessel occlusion procedures performed over a ten-year period for control of hemorrhage, tumor palliation, or blood supply redistribution prior to intra-arterial chemotherapy. Complete angiographic success was obtained in 85% of the procedures, with partial success in 8%; complete clinical success was achieved in 53% of patients, with partial success in 23%. the most satisfactory clinical results were obtained with hemorrhagic gastritis and pelvic trauma. Embolizations for duodenal ulcer hemorrhage and transhepatic variceal occlusion were the least clinically successful, although isobutyl-cyanoacrylate appeared to be a significant improvement in angiographic therapy for duodenal ulcer. The overall complication rate was 13%, with one third of the complications clinically silent. These results indicate that transcatheter vessel occlusion is a relatively safe and effective method for control of hemorrhage or tumor infarction.

Feldman, L.; Greenfield, A.J.; Waltman, A.C.; Novelline, R.A.; Van Breda, A.; Luers, P.; Athanasoulis, C.A.

1983-04-01

281

Chronic leukemia.  

PubMed

The chronic leukemias include chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). CML is a clonal myeloproliferative hematopoietic stem-cell disorder, and CLL is a monoclonal B-cell disorder. CML is Philadelphia chromosome positive. There are 3 phases of CML: the chronic phase, the accelerated phase, and the blast phase. The primary treatment of CML consists of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. CLL can present as indolent or fulminant disease. Early disease is managed with observation. Fulminant disease is currently treated with alkylating agents, purine analogues, and monoclonal antibodies, but new biotarged therapies are being developed. PMID:24267282

Greenberg, Edythe M Lyn; Probst, Alexandra

2013-12-01

282

Recanalization of Acute and Subacute Venous and Synthetic Bypass-Graft Occlusions With a Mechanical Rotational Catheter  

SciTech Connect

PurposePercutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) is now established as an alternative treatment of acute arterial occlusions in addition to fibrinolysis and surgical thrombectomy. The objective of this retrospective study was the investigation of a rotational atherothrombectomy catheter in terms of safety and efficacy in the treatment of acute and subacute femoropopliteal bypass occlusions.Materials and MethodsForty-two patients (average age 65.8 {+-} 9.1 years) with acute (<14 days [n = 31]) and subacute (14-42 days [n = 11]) femoropopliteal bypass occlusions were treated consecutively with a rotational debulking and removal catheter (Straub Rotarex). The average occlusion length was 28.4 {+-} 2.9 (24-34) cm. Thirty-four (81 %) patients underwent venous bypass, and 8 (19 %) patients underwent polytetrafluoroethylene bypass.ResultsThe technical success rate was 97.6 % (41 of 42). In 1 patient, blood flow could not be restored despite the use of the atherothrombectomy system. The average catheter intervention time was 6.9 {+-} 2.1 (4-9) min. Ankle-brachial index increased from 0.39 {+-} 0.13 to 0.83 {+-} 0.11 at discharge and to 0.82 {+-} 0.17 after 1 month (p < 0.05). There were a total of 2 (4.8 %) peri-interventional complications: One patient developed a distal embolism, which was successfully treated with local lysis, and another patient had a small perforation at the distal anastomosis, which was successfully treated with a stent.ConclusionPMT with the Rotarex atherothrombectomy catheter represents a safe and effective option in the treatment of acute and subacute femoropopliteal bypass occlusions because it can quickly restore blood flow.

Wissgott, Christian, E-mail: cwissgott@wkk-hei.de; Kamusella, Peter; Andresen, Reimer [Westkuestenklinikum Heide-Academic Teaching Hospital of the Universities of Kiel, Luebeck and Hamburg, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology/Neuroradiology (Germany)

2013-08-01

283

Expandable metal stents in chronic pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Biliary obstruction in chronic pancreatitis may be relieved by the insertion of a biliary endoprosthesis. Stenting is usually achieved with a plastic device, but self-expandable metal stents may also be used. Case outlines Two patients are described with severe chronic pancreatitis complicated by biliary obstruction and portal vein thrombosis, who underwent insertion of metallic biliary endoprostheses. In both patients the endoprostheses became occluded, at 12 and 7 months respectively, which necessitated open operation. Both patients experienced surgical complications and one patient died postoperatively. Discussion The use of metal endoprostheses in chronic pancreatitis may result in occlusion, necessitating open operation. Such stents should be used with caution in these patients, who are likely to be high-risk surgical candidates. PMID:18332959

Charnley, RM

2003-01-01

284

Patterns of recurrent disease after recanalization of femoropopliteal artery occlusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  In this prospective study we investigated the site, occurrence, and development of stenoses and occlusions following recanalization\\u000a of superficial femoral artery occlusions.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Recanalization of an occluded femoropopliteal artery was attempted in 62 patients. Follow-up examinations included clinical\\u000a examination and color-flow duplex scanning at regular intervals. Arteriography was used to determine the localization of the\\u000a recurrent disease relative to the initially

Dammis Vroegindeweij; Alexander V. Tielbeek; Jaap Buth; Louwerens D. Vos; Harrie C. M. van den Bosch

1997-01-01

285

A Case of Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion following Uneventful Phacoemulsification  

PubMed Central

We would like to present a case of branch retinal artery occlusion following uneventful phacoemulsification, possibly caused by sub-Tenon's anaesthesia. There were no predisposing general health problems. There are two possible mechanisms: (1) mechanical effect of the bolus anaesthetic; (2) pharmacologically mediated changes in the vascular calibre. The latter mechanism is much more probable, because of the vasoconstrictive properties of both medications used. This is the first reported case of branch retinal artery occlusion after sub-Tenon's anaesthesia with preservative-free medications. PMID:23626570

Dragnev, Daniel; Barr, Dai; Kulshrestha, Manoj; Shanmugalingam, Sinnathamboo

2013-01-01

286

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease in a female gardener.  

PubMed

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a subgroup of pulmonary arterial hypertension with a poor prognosis. The diagnosis is usually delayed and treatment options other than lung transplantation are unfortunately limited. We report the case of 51-year-old female gardener diagnosed with PVOD by open lung biopsy before her death. Although there are many reported cases of hepatic veno-occlusive disease due to toxic agents present in nature, such as pyrrolizidine alkaloid exposure, to date this has not been linked to PVOD. PMID:23886653

Rodríguez Rodríguez, Paula; Pedraza Serrano, Fernando; Morán Caicedo, Liliana Patricia; Rodríguez de Guzmán, Maria Carmen; Cebollero Presmanes, María; de Miguel Díez, Javier

2014-01-01

287

Transient Neurologic Deterioration after Total Removal of Parasagittal Meningioma Including Completely Occluding Superior Sagittal Sinus  

PubMed Central

In surgical planning of the parasagittal meningioma, invasion and occlusion of the superior sagittal sinus are important factors. When tumor is located within anterior 1/3, or when angiographic finding shows total occlusion of superior sagittal sinus, it is regarded that the ligation of superior sagittal sinus is safe. We report a case of parasagittal meningioma in 59-year-old male patient with complete occlusion of superior sagittal sinus which was confirmed by preoperative angiography, who developed temporary neurologic deterioration after superior sagittal sinus ligation and resection. PMID:19707499

Oh, In Ho; Choi, Seok Keun; Lim, Young Jin

2009-01-01

288

Tracking in Presence of Total Occlusion and Size Variation using Mean Shift and Kalman Filter  

E-print Network

defense systems to very commercial cases like unmanned autopilot navigation, monitoring and security technique for a variety of ap- plications, ranging from military such as anti-aircraft and missiles shelter the target, and then to follow it using vision systems. The goal of object tracking in a video stream

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Positional occlusion of the vertebral artery: A rare cause of embolic stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

A young, previously healthy patient developed embolic occlusions of the posterior cerebral, superior cerebellar, and posterior inferior cerebellar arteries. This patient also demonstrated positional occlusion of the left vertebral artery which may have been the etiology for his embolic stroke.

R. I. Grossmann; K. R. Davis

1982-01-01

290

Near-infrared spectroscopic assessment of oxygen delivery to free flaps on monkeys following vascular occlusions and inhalation of pure oxygen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent studies, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been considered as a potentially ideal noninvasive technique for the postoperative monitoring of plastic surgery. In this study, free flaps were raised on rhesus monkeys' forearms and oxygen delivery to these flaps was monitored following vascular occlusions and inhalation of pure oxygen. Optical fibers were adopted in the probe of the oximeter so that the detection could be performed in reflectance mode. The distance between emitter and detector can be adjusted easily to achieve the best efficacy. Different and repeatable patterns of changes were measured following vascular occlusions (arterial occlusion, venous occlusion and total occlusion) on flaps. It is clear that the near-infrared spectroscopy is capable of postoperatively monitoring vascular problems in flaps. NIRS showed high sensitivity to detect the dynamic changes in flaps induced by inhalation of pure oxygen in this study. The experimental results indicated that it was potential to assess tissue viability utilizing the dynamic changes induced by a noninvasive stimulation. It may be a new assessing method that is rapid, little influenced by other factors and brings less discomfort to patients.

Tian, Fenghua; Ding, Haishu; Cai, Zhigang; Wang, Guangzhi; Zhao, Fuyun

2002-04-01

291

Retrospective study of threshold time for the conventional treatment of branch retinal artery occlusion  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the medical backgrounds of patients and the treatment periods from the onset of branch retinal artery occlusion to obtaining improved final visual acuity. Methods This was a retrospective case series study. A total of 68 consecutive patients (69 eyes) with branch retinal artery occlusion who visited Tokyo Medical University Hospital from 2007 to 2012 were included in this study. All patients underwent ophthalmic examinations and visual acuity tests. We reviewed their medical records for systemic conditions, as well as the periods from onset of symptoms to treatment. Participants were categorized into 2 groups: group A (n=36), which received any treatment within 24 hours from onset, and group B (n=33), which visited our hospital after 24 hours from onset. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) changes from the first to final visit and the relationships between systemic condition and visiting time to BCVA were assessed. Results At the first visit, 59% of the patients had BCVA over 20/40; the ratio was increased to 74% at the final visit. BCVA improved more than 2 lines for 35% of the patients and was unchanged for 57% of those receiving conventional treatment. BCVA over 20/40 was significantly lower in hyperlipidemia patients. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and significant carotid stenosis were not correlated. The mean BCVA at baseline (0.91±1.03) significantly recovered to 0.35±0.91 after treatment in group A (P<0.001, Student’s t-test). The mean BCVA at baseline (0.30±0.64) was 0.25±0.61 at the final visit in group B (no significant change). Conclusion Conventional treatment within 24 hours from onset was acceptable for branch retinal artery occlusion.

Muramatsu, Daisuke; Minezaki, Teruumi; Tsubota, Kinya; Wakabayashi, Yoshihiro; Goto, Hiroshi

2014-01-01

292

Variation in dentofacial morphology and occlusion in juvenile idiopathic arthritis subjects: a case-control study.  

PubMed

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can severely disturb facial growth and affect occlusal development. In this case-control study, facial, functional, and occlusal characteristics of 100 JIA patients (35 males and 65 females; age range: 1.7-19.4 years) comprising all subtypes classified according to the revised classification criteria of the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) were studied. They were compared with a mixed orthodontic control group (n=32; 12 males and 20 females) and with a Class II division 1 malocclusion group (n=19; eight males and 11 females). The JIA patients and controls were evaluated using clinical assessment, dental pantomograms, lateral cephalograms (LCGs), and dental casts. Compared with the age- and gender-matched mixed orthodontic controls, JIA patients showed a significantly greater prevalence of anterior open bites (AOBs; P<0.05; Wilcoxon matched pairs test). Cephalometrically, a larger mandibular plane (P<0.05) and SNA (P<0.001) angles and a smaller interincisal angle (P<0.001) were found. In comparison with the Class II division 1 controls, JIA patients showed a larger SNA (P<0.001; Wilcoxon matched pairs test) and SNB (P<0.05) angles and smaller lower anterior face heights (LAFHs; P<0.05). No differences were found for the mandibular plane, the gonial and the interincisal angles, or total face height. From this case-control study, it can be concluded that although JIA patients share occlusal characteristics with non-JIA patients with a Class II division 1 malocclusion, they are different with regard to the prevalence of condylar lesions and AOBs, as well as SNA and SNB angles and LAFH. PMID:19164412

Hu, Yuqian; Billiau, An D; Verdonck, An; Wouters, Carine; Carels, Carine

2009-02-01

293

Occlusion potential of zeolites for mixed and non-nitrate salts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occluded salts in the form of salt complexes exhibit the interesting properties unattainable in bulk state. In this study, occlusion of non-nitrate salts and co-occlusion of mixed nitrate salts were attempted to further expand occlusion potential of zeolites. The non-nitrate salts such as KClO3 and KH2PO4 were occluded by mordenite, although they do not establish stable molten state. Their occlusions

Man Park; Choong Lyeal Choi; Jong Soo Kim; Dong Hoon Lee; Kwang Seop Kim; Nam Ho Heo; Jyung Choi

2003-01-01

294

Predictive value of intrahepatic hepatitis B virus covalently closed circular DNA and total DNA in patients with acute hepatitis B and patients with chronic hepatitis B receiving anti?viral treatment.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate the persistence and predictive values of intrahepatic (IH) hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and total DNA (tDNA) in patients with acute hepatitis B (AHB) and patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving anti?viral treatment. The levels of IH cccDNA and tDNA, serum HBV DNA, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were detected in 11 patients with AHB and 46 patients with CHB who were receiving anti?viral treatment, among whom 21 had primary treatment failure, 11 achieved virological response (VR) and 15 achieved VR and HBsAg seroclearance. The median IH cccDNA and tDNA levels in the patients with AHB (0.002 copies/cell and 0.04 copies/cell, respectively) were significantly lower than those in the patients with CHB. In the patients with CHB, the median IH cccDNA level among individuals who achieved VR and HBsAg seroclearance (0.012 copies/cell) was significantly lower than that in those who had failed primary treatment (4.18 copies/cell, P<0.0001) but not that in those who achieved solely VR (0.039 copies/cell, P=0.169). The median IH tDNA level in patients with CHB who achevied VR and HBsAg seroclearance (0.096 copies/cell) was significantly lower than that in those who failed primary treatment (371 copies/cell, P<0.0001) and those who achieved solely VR (1.62 copies/cell, P=0.001). No significant difference was observed in the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, which was used to predict the likelihood of achieving VR and HBsAg seroclearance, between IH tDNA and IH cccDNA levels (0.96 and 0.88, respectively; P>0.10). IH cccDNA levels were shown to be positively correlated with serum ALT (P=0.024), HBeAg (P=0.001) and IH tDNA levels (P<0.0001), but not with serum HBV DNA (P=0.12) and HBsAg levels in either HBeAg?positive (P=0.84) or in HBeAg?negative (P=0.146) patients. In conclusion, IH cccDNA may persist in patients with AHB and patients with CHB who acheive VR and HBsAg seroclearance following anti?viral treatment. Furthermore, IH cccDNA and tDNA may have potential in predicting successful therapeutic response in patients with CHB who receive anti?viral treatment. PMID:24566465

Ruan, Peng; Zhou, Boping; Dai, Xiufang; Sun, Zequn; Guo, Xiaoyan; Huang, Jian; Gong, Zuojiong

2014-04-01

295

Young Infants' Perception of Unity and Form in Occlusion Displays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recognition-based paradigm was used to investigate possibility that past research failed to sensitively assess infants' perception of the unity of misaligned edges in partial occlusion displays. Results suggested that habituation designs tapping recognition processes may be particularly efficacious in revealing infants' perceptual organization.…

Johnson, Scott P.; Bremner, J. Gavin; Slater, Alan M.; Mason, Uschi C.; Foster, Kirsty

2002-01-01

296

Measure Locally, Reason Globally: Occlusion-sensitive Articulated Pose Estimation  

E-print Network

and not with the prior. In particular, image evidence for each body part is estimated independently of other parts with by our method which makes weak assumptions about body pose but uses a new occlusion-sensitive image of the image likelihood of a body pose, multiple body parts can, and often do, explain the same image data

Black, Michael J.

297

Percutaneous transhepatic occlusion for bleeding oesophageal varices in polycystic disease.  

PubMed Central

A 7-year-old boy with congenital polycystic disease of the kidneys and liver developed portal hypertension and gastro-oesophageal varices. After two episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, percutaneous transhepatic occlusion of varices and of the left gastric vein was carried out. During the next year there was no evidence of further haemorrhage. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Figure PMID:6977341

Laing, I A; Buist, T A; Fraser, M S

1981-01-01

298

Acute aortic occlusion presenting with lower limb paralysis.  

PubMed

In a two year period eight patients have presented with acute aortic occlusion and a poor outcome in seven. Initial failure to diagnose aortic occlusion, with a mean delay from presentation to diagnosis of 24 hours, was mainly responsible. All patients had varying degrees of paralysis on presentation which misled clinicians although other findings of acute ischaemia (pain, absent pulses, colour change and anaesthesia) were always present. Two patients were initially referred to a neurologist, another to a neurosurgeon, and the fourth to an orthopaedic surgeon. Even after diagnosis had been established, the need for urgent revascularization was not always recognized, the mean time from diagnosis to revascularization being 13 hours. Unnecessary aortography contributed to this delay in four patients. In two patients operative treatment was not undertaken while six were treated operatively by: aortic bifurcation graft (3), aortic thromboendarterectomy and femoropopliteal bypass (1), open aortic embolectomy (1) and bilateral femoral embolectomy (1). The causes of aortic occlusion were thrombosis of an atherosclerotic aorta (5), thrombosis of an aneurysm (2) and embolism (1). In the latter patient, the heparin induced thrombocytopenia syndrome (HITS) was primarily responsible. The outcomes in the eight patients were death (5), paraplegia (1), amputation (1), and uncomplicated recovery (1). The single patient who made an uncomplicated recovery had the shortest delay from presentation to revascularization of only 2 1/4 hours. Acute aortic occlusion rivals aortic rupture as a vascular emergency and demands immediate operative intervention. PMID:1939328

Meagher, A P; Lord, R S; Graham, A R; Hill, D A

1991-01-01

299

Relationship between dental size and normal occlusion in Brazilian patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was performed on dental casts and lateral cephalometric films of 30 Caucasian Brazilian individuals (15 males and 15 females) aged 18 to 27 years and 4 months, all presenting normal occlusion and satisfactory facial profile. The aims were to investigate the existence of dental discrepancies according to Bolton's criteria, to obtain mean values for overbite, overjet, curve

Sheila Medina Freire; Clarice Nishio; Cátia Cardoso; Abdo QUINTÃO; Marco Antonio Almeida

2007-01-01

300

Extracardiac Fontan operation with tube fenestration allowing transcatheter coil occlusion.  

PubMed

A fenestration may improve the immediate postoperative course after a Fontan procedure by preserving the cardiac output. We describe a simple and safe technique of fenestration amenable to coil occlusion, which can be carried out in most cardiac catheterization laboratories. PMID:9768957

Sanatani, S; Sett, S S; Human, D G; Culham, J A; LeBlanc, J G

1998-09-01

301

Hematologic abnormalities associated with various types of retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The objective of this study was two-fold: (1) to investigate hematologic abnormalities associated with various types of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and comparison of their prevalence among those various types of RVO; (2) to review the conflicting literature on the subject, to place the information in perspective. Methods: In patients with various types of RVO seen in our clinic

Sohan Singh Hayreh; Bridget M. Zimmerman; Patricia Podhajsky

2002-01-01

302

Extrathoracic reconstruction of arterial occlusive disease involving the supraaortic trunks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the various extrathoracic reconstruction options in patients with occlusive disease of the supraaortic trunks and to define the efficacy of these procedures in maintaining graft patency and relieving symptomsMethods: Forty-four consecutive patients underwent 47 extrathoracic bypass procedures of the supraaortic trunks for correction of symptomatic subclavian (SCA), common carotid (CCA) or

Lewis V. Owens; Ellis A. Tinsley; Enrique Criado; Steven J. Burnham; Blair A. Keagy

1995-01-01

303

Efficient detection of occlusion prior to robust face recognition.  

PubMed

While there has been an enormous amount of research on face recognition under pose/illumination/expression changes and image degradations, problems caused by occlusions attracted relatively less attention. Facial occlusions, due, for example, to sunglasses, hat/cap, scarf, and beard, can significantly deteriorate performances of face recognition systems in uncontrolled environments such as video surveillance. The goal of this paper is to explore face recognition in the presence of partial occlusions, with emphasis on real-world scenarios (e.g., sunglasses and scarf). In this paper, we propose an efficient approach which consists of first analysing the presence of potential occlusion on a face and then conducting face recognition on the nonoccluded facial regions based on selective local Gabor binary patterns. Experiments demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art works including KLD-LGBPHS, S-LNMF, OA-LBP, and RSC. Furthermore, performances of the proposed approach are evaluated under illumination and extreme facial expression changes provide also significant results. PMID:24526902

Min, Rui; Hadid, Abdenour; Dugelay, Jean-Luc

2014-01-01

304

Video Repairing: Inference of Foreground and Background under Severe Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a new method, video repairing, to robustly infer missing static background and moving fore- ground due to severe damage or occlusion from a video. To recover background pixels, we extend the image repairing method, where layer segmentation and homography blending are used to preserve temporal coherence and avoid flickering. By exploiting the constraint imposed by

Jiaya Jia; Tai-pang Wu; Yu-wing Tai; Chi-keung Tang

2004-01-01

305

Object Tracking with Dynamic Template Update and Occlusion Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to track moving objects using dynamic template initializations and updates, and to identify tracking events in videos such as occlusions and merging of motion regions. The proposed tracking method is based on spatiotemporal texture motion regions, image alignment, and minimum cost estimation based template selection. The dynamic template update is based on the detection

Longin Jan Latecki; Roland Miezianko

306

Optically induced occlusion of single blood vessels in rodent neocortex.  

PubMed

The ability to form targeted vascular occlusions in small vessels of the brain is an important technique for studying the microscopic basis of cerebral ischemia. We describe two complementary methods that enable targeted occlusion of any single blood vessel within the upper 500 µm of adult rodent neocortex. Our goal is to generate highly localized regions of ischemia by blocking penetrating arterioles and ascending venules, which are bottlenecks of flow in the cortical angioarchitecture. One method, termed photothrombosis, makes use of linear optical absorption by a photosensitizer, transiently circulated in the blood stream, to induce a clot in a surface or near-surface segment of a vessel. The second method, termed plasma-mediated ablation, makes use of nonlinear optical interactions, without the need to introduce an exogenous absorber, to induce clots in subsurface segments of penetrating vessels, as well as subsurface microvessels and capillaries. The choice of the method for occlusion of individual vessels depends on the location of the vessels being studied and the objectives of the study. Here we describe concurrent high resolution in vivo imaging and auxiliary laser setups, occlusion protocols, and post hoc histological procedures. PMID:24298038

Shih, Andy Y; Nishimura, Nozomi; Nguyen, John; Friedman, Beth; Lyden, Patrick D; Schaffer, Chris B; Kleinfeld, David

2013-12-01

307

Ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion in the young  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the behaviour of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in the young. We studied the course and visual outcome in 25 patients with CRVO aged less than 40 years with special reference to the association with underlying systemic disorders. Eight patients had ischaemic CRVO while 17 had non-ischaemic CRVO. Systemic disorders associated with ischaemic CRVO included end-stage

Amod Gupta; Anita Agarwal; R K Bansal; Anupam Agarwal; K S Chugh

1993-01-01

308

Argon laser panretinal photocoagulation in ischemic central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a prospective, planned study of argon laser panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) over a 10-year period in 123 eyes. On comparing the lasered eyes versus the nonlasered eyes, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of development of angle neovascularization (NV), neovascular glaucoma (NVG), retinal and\\/or optic

Sohan Singh Hayreh; Marie R. Klugman; Patricia Podhajsky; Gary E. Servais; Edward S. Perkins

1990-01-01

309

Bilateral Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Associated with Multiple Myeloma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To report a case of simultaneous bilateral central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) associated with multiple myeloma. Methods: A 65-year-old woman had sudden, painless loss of vision in both eyes for 20 days. Ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral CRVO. Appropriate medical workup was conducted, and multiple myeloma was diagnosed as the underlying cause. Results: Clinical support and chemotherapy effectively controlled paraprotein

Fabio B. Aggio; Angelino J. Cariello; Manuella S. S. Almeida; Celso A. Rodrigues; Nilva S. B. de Moraes; Gisele W. B. Colleoni; Michel E. Farah

2004-01-01

310

Clinical and infrared pupillometry in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of pupillary reactivity and size were recorded using neutral density filters and infrared pupillometry (IRP) in a prospective masked study of acute central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) to quantify the two methods of measurement and to compare their value in the prediction of rubeosis. Thirty two patients were examined within 45 days of disease onset. The mean relative afferent

P A Bloom; D Papakostopoulos; Y Gogolitsyn; J A Leenderz; S Papakostopoulos; R H Grey

1993-01-01

311

Effect of isovolemic hemodilution in central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Hemorheologic abnormalities have recently been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), and several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of isovolemic hemodilution in these eyes. This study was designed to investigate further the effects of hemodilution, with regard to the duration of symptoms before the treatment. Methods: In a prospective study, 142 eyes

Agnès Glacet-Bernard; Alain Zourdani; Myriem Milhoub; Nahed Maraqua; Gabriel Coscas; Gisèle Soubrane

2001-01-01

312

Streptokinase in central retinal vein occlusion: a controlled clinical trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty patients with central retinal vein occlusion were allocated at random either to a treatment group given streptokinase followed by anticoagulatns or to a control group given no specific treatment. The two groups, which were each of 20 patients, were broadly similar in respect of clinical and laboratory values and similar in their initial visual acuity. At follow-up (\\

E M Kohner; J E Pettit; A M Hamilton; C J Bulpitt; C T Dollery

1976-01-01

313

Occlusion training increases muscular strength in division IA football players.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of 4 weeks of low-intensity resistance training with blood-flow occlusion on upper and lower body muscular hypertrophy and muscular strength in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IA football players. There were 32 subjects (average age 19.2 ± 1.8 years) who were randomized to an occlusion group or control group. The athletes performed 4 sets of bench press and squat in the following manner with or without occlusion: 30 repetitions of 20% predetermined 1 repetition maximum (1RM), followed by 3 sets of 20 repetitions at 20% 1RM. Each set was separated by 45 seconds. The training duration was 3 times per week, after the completion of regular off-season strength training. Data collected included health history, resting blood pressure, pretraining and posttraining bench press and squat 1RM, upper and lower chest girths, upper and lower arm girths, thigh girth, height, and body mass. The increases in bench press and squat 1RM (7.0 and 8.0%, respectively), upper and lower chest girths (3 and 3%, respectively), and left upper arm girth were significantly greater in the experiment group (p < 0.05). Occlusion training could provide additional benefits to traditional strength training to improve muscular hypertrophy and muscular strength in collegiate athletes. PMID:22105051

Yamanaka, Tetsuo; Farley, Richard S; Caputo, Jennifer L

2012-09-01

314

Efficacy of pressure topical anaesthesia in punctal occlusion by diathermy  

PubMed Central

Aims: To prospectively compare the efficacy and safety of pressure topical anaesthesia in punctal occlusion by using cautery in the treatment of dry eye syndrome (DES) with that of conventional treatment by using needle injection of anaesthetic agents. Methods: In a randomised controlled trial, 18 consecutive adult patients with DES requiring punctal occlusion were recruited over a 10 month period. Consenting patients were randomised into two groups. Group A patients received pressure topical anaesthesia in the right eye followed by injection anaesthesia in the left eye. Group B was vice versa. Punctal occlusion using cautery was performed in each eye after a specified time following the application of anaesthesia. The main outcome measures were the pain experienced during application of anaesthesia and that during punctal occlusion. Results: 36 eyes of 18 patients were randomised to receive injection anaesthesia in one eye and pressure topical anaesthesia in the other. Nine patients (nine females) were in group A and nine patients (seven females, two males) in group B. The mean age of group A patients was 45.3 (SD 13.5) years, and that of group B patients was 55.6 (12.6) years. The two groups were comparable in terms of mean age (p?=?0.117) and mean pain score for pressure topical anaesthesia application (p?=?0.612), injection anaesthesia application (p?=?0.454), diathermy in pressure anaesthetised eyes (p?=?0.113), and diathermy in injection anaesthetised eyes (p?=?0.289). Paired t test was used to compare the mean pain score for pressure topical anaesthesia application (16.8 (24.8)) with those for injection anaesthesia application (56.7 (30.0)). 18 eyes of 18 patients were compared with the fellow eye of the same 18 patients. The mean pain score for injection anaesthesia was greater than for pressure topical anaesthesia application (p<0.0001) (statistical power?=?0.87). No statistically significant difference was found in the mean pain score for diathermy for eyes that received pressure topical anaesthesia (20.5 (27.5)) compared with eyes that received injection anaesthesia (23.1 (26.3)) (p?=?0.760) (statistical power?=?0.96). All 18 patients preferred pressure topical anaesthesia to injection anaesthesia. Conclusion: Injection anaesthesia for punctal occlusion is more painful than pressure topical anaesthesia application. However, the pain experienced during diathermy application for punctal occlusion is similar between pressure anaesthetised eyes and injection anaesthetised eyes. Pressure topical anaesthesia is a less painful (in terms of anaesthesia application) but equally effective alternative to conventional injection anaesthesia when used for punctal occlusion. PMID:16234451

Law, R W K; Li, R T H; Lam, D S C; Lai, J S M

2005-01-01

315

Evaluation of the occlusal contact of crowns fabricated with the bite impression method.  

PubMed

In prosthodontic treatment, reconstruction of a proper occlusal contact relationship is very important as well as reconstruction of a proper interproximal relationship and marginal fitness. Unfortunately, occlusal relationships are sometimes lost in the process of occlusal adjustment of crowns. The purpose of this study was to compare the occlusal contacts of single crown fabricated by two different types of impression techniques. Nine subjects, whose molars required treatment with crown restoration, were enrolled in this study. Full cast crowns were fabricated using two types of impression techniques: the conventional impression method (CIM) and the bite impression method (BIM). The occlusal contacts of crowns were precisely evaluated at the following stages: after occlusal adjustment on the articulator (Step 0), before occlusal adjustment in the mouth (Step 1), after occlusal adjustment at the intercuspal position (Step 2), and after occlusal adjustment during lateral and protrusive excursions (Step 3). The number of occlusal contacts of the crowns on the functional cusps fabricated with BIM was significantly greater than that with CIM after occlusal adjustment. For this reason, the crowns fabricated with BIM might have a more functionally desirable occlusal surface compared to the crowns fabricated with CIM. PMID:24146169

Makino, Sachi; Okada, Daizo; Shin, Chiharu; Ogura, Reiko; Ikeda, Masaomi; Miura, Hiroyuki

2013-01-01

316

Chronic Diarrhea  

MedlinePLUS

... Challenges and Resources Hygiene-related Diseases Athlete's Foot (tinea pedis) Body Lice Chronic Diarrhea Dental Caries Head ... Tub Rash Lymphatic Filariasis Pinworms Pubic Lice ("Crabs") Ringworm (Tinea) Swimmer's Ear (otitis externa) Scabies Trachoma Information ...

317

Chronic Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a \\u000a Non-cancer-related pain that lasts longer than 3 months is considered chronic pain.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a \\u000a According to the National Institutes of Health, chronic pain is the third largest health problem in the world.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 3. \\u000a \\u000a Approximately 25 million Americans are affected by chronic pain.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 4. \\u000a \\u000a Chronic pain is one of the most common problems seen in primary care clinics. Pain-related problems account

Jim Nuovo

318

[Chronic migraine].  

PubMed

The classification of the International Headache Society (IHS) generally differentiates episodic from chronic headache. Chronic migraine is defined as headache on 15 and more days a month over more than 3 months and headache on 8 days or more fulfils the criteria for migraine or were triptan/ergot-responsive when thought to be migrainous in early stages of the attack. The prevalence of chronic migraine is estimated at 2-4?%. The quality of life is highly compromised in this condition and comorbidities are much more frequent compared to episodic migraine. Data from prospective randomized studies are scarce as most patients with chronic migraine were excluded from previous trials and only few studies were conducted for this condition. The efficacy for prophylactic treatment compared with placebo is proven for topiramate and onabotulinum toxin A. PMID:24337617

Diener, H C; Holle, D; Müller, D; Nägel, S; Rabe, K

2013-12-01

319

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

MedlinePLUS

COPD; Chronic obstructive airways disease; Chronic obstructive lung disease; Chronic bronchitis; Emphysema; Bronchitis - chronic ... Systems Improvement. Diagnosis and Management of Chronic ... Disease (COPD). Updated March 2013. Available at: https://www. ...

320

Low back pain - chronic  

MedlinePLUS

Nonspecific back pain; Backache - chronic; Lumbar pain - chronic; Pain - back - chronic; Chronic back pain - low ... your waist, leads to pain. Many people with chronic back pain have arthritis. Or they may have extra wear ...

321

Respiratory responses of domestic fowl to hyperthermia following selective air sac occlusions.  

PubMed

Ventilation together with blood and respiratory gas tensions were measured in adult domestic fowl under normothermic and hyperthermic conditions, following bilateral occlusion of the cranial and caudal thoracic air sacs (series I) or the cranial and caudal thoracic plus the abdominal air sacs (series II). Series I birds showed no significant differences from controls. Both control and experimental animals displayed a typical thermal polypnoea combined with mild hypocapnaemia. A larger drop in PCO2 was demonstrated in the clavicular sac than in the blood, possibly indicating partial failure of inspiratory valving at the ventrobronchi. However, there was no evidence of any effect of thoracic air sac occlusion on inspiratory airflow valving in the palaeopulmo. Series II birds were strongly hypercapnaemic/hypoxaemic in normothermic conditions, with a normal minute volume, but a faster, shallower breathing pattern. During hyperthermia they increased minute ventilation 3-fold, as in control animals, and blood gas tensions were almost restored to normal. Again, there was no evidence that experimental reduction in air sac capacity, in this case up to 70% of the total, had any effect on inspiratory airflow valving in the palaeopulmo, although inevitably in this case airflow in the neopulmo was abolished. PMID:2112403

Brackenbury, J H; Amaku, J A

1990-05-01

322

Craniofacial characteristics of Caucasian and Afro-Caucasian Brazilian subjects with normal occlusion  

PubMed Central

Objective The objective of this study was to compare the skeletal, dental and soft tissue characteristics of Caucasian and Afro-Caucasian Brazilian subjects with normal occlusion and to evaluate sexual dimorphism within the groups. Material and Methods The sample comprised lateral cephalograms of untreated normal occlusion subjects, divided into 2 groups. Group 1 included 40 Caucasian subjects (20 of each sex), with a mean age of 13.02 years; group 2 included 40 Afro-Caucasian subjects (20 of each sex), with a mean age of 13.02 years. Groups 1 and 2 and males and females within each group were compared with t tests. Results Afro-Caucasian subjects presented greater maxillary protrusion, smaller upper anterior face height and lower posterior face height, larger upper posterior face height, greater maxillary and mandibular dentoalveolar protrusion as well as soft tissue protrusion than Caucasian subjects. The Afro-Caucasian female subjects had less mandibular protrusion and smaller total posterior facial height and upper posterior facial height than males. Conclusions Brazilian Afro-Caucasian subjects have greater dentoalveolar and soft tissue protrusion than Brazilian Caucasian subjects, with slight sexual dimorphism in some variables. PMID:21552712

JANSON, Guilherme; QUAGLIO, Camila Leite; PINZAN, Arnaldo; FRANCO, Eduardo Jacomino; de FREITAS, Marcos Roberto

2011-01-01

323

Effects of coronary artery occlusion in animals with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy.  

PubMed

Chronic arterial hypertension (HT) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increase the morbidity and mortality of acute myocardial infarction in patients. In this article, we discuss earlier studies from Koyanagi et al. in our laboratory that showed that when animals with chronic HT and LVH (HT-LVH) were subjected to acute coronary artery occlusion (CAO), there was a 3.5-fold increase in mortality and a 35% increase in infarct size expressed as a percent of the area at risk. We subsequently determined the effect of HT-LVH on the wavefront of myocardial infarction. Dogs were made hypertensive using a single-kidney, single-clip model of renovascular hypertension that produced mean arterial blood pressure (BP) = 141 +/- 3 mm Hg and left ventricular:body weight = 5.8 +/- 0.1 g/kg (p less than 0.05 vs. control animals). Conscious animals with HT-LVH and control animals were subjected to 1 or 3 h of CAO. Infarct and risk areas were measured using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) stain and barium angiography, respectively. The results suggested that the wavefront of infarction was accelerated in animals with HT-LVH. Further studies suggested that the wavefront of myocardial infarction could be markedly retarded by normalizing blood pressure (nitroprusside) 1 h following CAO. Recent studies in an animal model of HT-LVH suggested that electrophysiological abnormalities occur when these animals were subjected to CAO. Sixty-five percent of animals with HT-LVH had sudden death during CAO compared to 27% of the control group. We studied whether chronic beta-adrenergic blockade would reduce mortality associated with CAO in animals with HT-LVH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1715484

Dellsperger, K C; Clothier, J L; Koyanagi, S; Inou, T; Marcus, M L

1991-01-01

324

Reappraisal of early CT signs to predict the arterial occlusion site in acute embolic stroke  

PubMed Central

Patients: 105 consecutive patients with acute embolic stroke affecting the anterior circulation. Methods: Four early signs were evaluated on cranial CT within six hours of stroke onset: loss of the insular ribbon (LIR); attenuation of the lentiform nucleus (ALN); hemispherical sulcus effacement (HSE); and the hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS). The arterial occlusion site was definitively identified on cerebral angiography within two hours of the CT examination. Results: LIR was present in 55% of patients with internal carotid artery occlusion. ALN was present in 65% of patients with occlusion of the sphenoidal portion (M1) of the middle cerebral artery. HSE was present in 47% of patients with middle cerebral artery branch occlusion. LIR was related independently to internal carotid artery occlusion (odds ratio (OR) 2.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 6.8)), ALN to M1 occlusion (OR 2.9 (1.2 to 7.4)), and isolated HSE without ALN or LIR to branch occlusion (OR 12.8 (3.2 to 51.5)). The combined presence of the three signs was indicative of internal carotid artery occlusion (p < 0.05), and the presence of ALN and LIR without HSE was indicative of M1 occlusion (p < 0.05) by univariate analysis. HMCAS bore no relation to either arterial occlusion site. Conclusions: LIR, ALS, HSE, and combinations of these were useful predictors of the arterial occlusion site. PMID:12700311

Koga, M; Saku, Y; Toyoda, K; Takaba, H; Ibayashi, S; Iida, M

2003-01-01

325

Ultrastructural features of masseter muscle exhibiting altered occlusal relationship - a study in a rodent model  

SciTech Connect

The role of occlusion on Tempormandibular Disorders (TMD) is still unclear, mainly regarding muscular function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occlusion highlights on masseter ultra morphology. Twenty Wistar rats were randomly divided in four groups: 10 for control group, 10 for occlusal alteration group (CCO). Rats underwent unilateral amputation of the left inferior and superior molar cusps to simulate an occlusal wear situation. The rats of control group had no occlusal wear. Half of the animals of each group was sacrificed in 14 days after the occlusal consuming and half 30 days after the occlusal consuming. The masseter muscles ipsilateral to the amputated molars were excised and processed for light microscopy, electron microscopy. The light microscopy did not show differences between the groups. The electron microscopy was able to detect a degree of intracellular damage in muscle fibers of CCO group: swollen mitochondria with disrupted cristae and cleared matrix, signs of hypercontraction of I bands and myofibril disorganization.

Lisboa, Marcio V.; Aciole, Gilberth T. S.; Oliveira, Susana C. P. S.; Marques, Aparecida M. C.; Pinheiro, Antonio L. B.; Santos, Jean N. [School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, 40110-150 (Brazil); Baptista, Abrahao F.; Aguiar, Marcio C. [Biomorphology Department, Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, 40110-150 (Brazil)

2010-05-31

326

Brain BDNF levels elevation induced by physical training is reduced after unilateral common carotid artery occlusion in rats.  

PubMed

We investigated the contribution of blood flow elevation in the cerebrovasculature to physical training-induced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels elevation in the brain. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein levels were measured in the motor cortex 24?h after the last session of a forced treadmill walking (30?minutes a day, 18?m/minute for 7 consecutive days). Unilateral common carotid artery occlusion and modulation of exercise intensity (0 versus -10% inclination of the treadmill) were used as strategies to reduce the (normal) elevation of flow in the cerebrovasculature occurring during exercise. Administration of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 60?mg/kg before each exercise sessions) and genetic hypertension (spontaneously hypertensive rats) were used as approaches to reduce stimulation of nitric oxide production in response to shear stress elevation. Vascular occlusion totally and partially abolished the effect of physical training on BDNF levels in the hemisphere ipsilateral and contralateral to occlusion, respectively. BDNF levels were higher after high than low exercise intensity. In addition, both genetic hypertension and L-NAME treatment blunted the effects of physical training on BDNF. From these results, we propose that elevation of brain BDNF levels elicited by physical training involves changes in cerebral hemodynamics. PMID:25052557

Banoujaafar, Hayat; Hoecke, Jacques Van; Mossiat, Claude M; Marie, Christine

2014-10-01

327

Endovascular Occlusion of the Carotid or Vertebral Artery with Temporary Proximal Flow Arrest and Microcoils: Clinical Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To determine the clinical effectiveness of parent artery occlusion of the carotid or vertebral artery by means of temporary proximal flow arrest and microcoils. METHODS: Nineteen parent artery occlusions (15 carotid, four vertebral) were performed in 19 patients who successfully passed a balloon test occlusion. In these patients, endovascular occlusion of the carotid or vertebral artery was accomplished with

Virgil B. Graves; John Perl; Charles M. Strother; Robert C. Wallace; Prabhakar P. Kesava; Thomas J. Masaryk

328

Paraplegia due to Acute Aortic Coarctation and Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Coarctation and occlusion of the aorta is a rare condition that typically presents with hypertension or cardiac failure. However, neuropathy or myelopathy may be the presenting features of the condition when an intraspinal subarachnoid hemorrhage has compressed the spinal cord causing ischemia. We report two cases of middle-aged males who developed acute non-traumatic paraplegia. Undiagnosed congenital abnormalities, such as aortic coarctation and occlusion, should be considered for patients presenting with nontraumatic paraplegia in the absence of other identifiable causes. Our cases suggest that spinal cord ischemia resulting from acute spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can cause paraplegia, and that clinicians must carefully examine patients presenting with nontraumatic paraplegia because misdiagnosis can delay initiation of the appropriate treatment. PMID:24851152

Park, Chang-Bum; Kim, Min-Ki; Kim, Sang-Hyun

2014-01-01

329

Endobronchial occlusive disease: Nd:YAG or PDT?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Patients with endobronchial occlusion commonly experience dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, pneumonitis, and atelectasis. If luminal patency is not re-established, obstructive symptoms may progress to sepsis and death. Although the overall survival of patients with lung cancer may not be altered by relief of airway obstruction, the prognosis for this subset of patients may be improved by eliminating the septic complications of bronchial occlusion. Techniques to treat occluded bronchi include electro-fulguration, cryotherapy, brachytherapy, laser (CO2, Nd-YAG) therapy, and photodynamic therapy (PDT). These represent local forms of treatment and are intended to be palliative. Nd-YAG and PDT are the modalities more frequently utilized in this setting. Comparison of the two treatment forms may furnish insight regarding the appropriate role for each as individual therapies and as part of the armamentarium of cancer therapies.

Regal, Anne-Marie; Takita, Hiroshi

1991-06-01

330

Ocular vascular occlusive disorders: natural history of visual outcome.  

PubMed

Ocular vascular occlusive disorders collectively constitute the most common cause of visual disability. Before a disease can be managed, it is essential to understand its natural history, so as to be able to assess the likely effectiveness of any intervention. I investigated natural history of visual outcome in prospective studies of 386 eyes with non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION), 16 eyes with non-arteritic posterior ischemic optic neuropathy, 697 eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), 67 eyes with hemi-CRVO (HCRVO), 216 eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), 260 eyes with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), 151 eyes with branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) and 61 eyes with cilioretinal artery occlusion (CLRAO). My studies have shown that every one of these disorders consists of multiple distinct clinical sub-categories with different visual findings. When an ocular vascular occlusive disorder is caused by giant cell arteritis, which is an ophthalmic emergency, it would be unethical to do a natural history study of visual outcome in them, because in this case early diagnosis and immediate, intensive high-dose steroid therapy is essential to prevent any further visual loss, not only in the involved eye but also in the fellow, normal eye. In NA-AION in eyes seen ?2 weeks after the onset, visual acuity (VA) improved in 41% of those with VA 20/70 or worse, and visual field (VF) improved in 26% of those with moderate to severe VF defect. In non-ischemic CRVO eyes with VA 20/70 or worse, VA improved in 47% and in ischemic CRVO in 23%; moderate to severe VF defect improved in 79% in non-ischemic CRVO and in 27% in ischemic CRVO. In HCRVO, overall findings demonstrated that initial VA and VF defect and the final visual outcome were different in non-ischemic from ischemic HCRVO - much better in the former than the latter. In major BRVO, in eyes with initial VA of 20/70 or worse, VA improved in 69%, and moderate to severe VF defect improved in 52%. In macular BRVO with 20/70 or worse initial VA, it improved in 53%, and initial minimal-mild VF defect was stable or improved in 85%. In various types of CRAO there are significant differences in both initial and final VA and VF defects. In CRAO eyes seen within 7 days of onset and initial VA of counting fingers or worse, VA improved in 82% with transient non-arteritic CRAO, 67% with non-arteritic CRAO with cilioretinal artery sparing, 22% with non-arteritic CRAO. Central VF improved in 39% of transient non-arteritic CRAO, 25% of non-arteritic CRAO with cilioretinal artery sparing and 21% of non-arteritic CRAO. Peripheral VF improved in non-arteritic CRAO in 39% and in transient non-arteritic CRAO in 39%. In transient CRAO, finally peripheral VFs were normal in 93%. In non-arteritic CRAO eyes initially 22% had normal peripheral VF and in the rest it improved in 39%. Final VA of 20/40 or better was seen in 89% of permanent BRAO, and in 100% of transient BRAO and non-arteritic CLRAO. In permanent BRAO eyes, among those seen within 7 days of onset, central VF defect improved in 47% and peripheral VF in 52%, and in transient BRAO central and peripheral VFs were normal at follow-up. My studies showed that AION, CRVO, BRVO, CRAO and BRAO, each consist of multiple distinct clinical sub-categories with different visual outcome. Contrary to the prevalent impression, these studies on the natural history of visual outcome have shown that there is a statistically significant spontaneous visual improvement in each category. The factors which influence the visual outcome in various ocular vascular occlusive disorders are discussed. PMID:24769221

Hayreh, Sohan Singh

2014-07-01

331

Occlusion-capable multiview volumetric three-dimensional display  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volumetric 3D displays are frequently purported to lack the ability to reconstruct scenes with viewer-position-dependent effects such as occlusion. To counter these claims, a swept-screen 198-view horizontal-parallax-only 3D display is reported here that is capable of viewer-position-dependent effects. A digital projector illuminates a rotating vertical diffuser with a series of multiperspective 768×768 pixel renderings of a 3D scene. Evidence of near-far object occlusion is reported. The aggregate virtual screen surface for a stationary observer is described, as are guidelines to construct a full-parallax system and the theoretical ability of the present system to project imagery outside of the volume swept by the screen.

Cossairt, Oliver S.; Napoli, Joshua; Hill, Samuel L.; Dorval, Rick K.; Favalora, Gregg E.

2007-03-01

332

Cephalometric Approach to the Occlusal Vertical Dimension Reestablishment  

PubMed Central

The occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) refers to the length of the face as determined by the amount of separation of the jaws. Its determination is important for the manufacture of restorations. However, defining the correct occlusal vertical dimension for edentulous patients is one of the most important steps for function and esthetics rehabilitation. Cephalometry is a standardized method of assessing dental and facial proportions and their interrelation. Additionally, cephalometric analysis of the facial vertical dimension can establish an individual pattern for each patient. This analysis should become a permanent part of each patient's record. Hence, this study presented a case report with the use of cephalometry as an auxiliary tool in the rehabilitation of OVD. Clinical relevance showed that cephalometric analysis can be an accurate and convenient instrument to treatment planning and prognostic of oral rehabilitation. The reader should understand the clinical implications of using cephalometry as a tool in the rehabilitation of OVD. PMID:25105032

Zielak, Joao Cesar; Gulin Neto, David; da Cunha, Leonardo Fernandes; Deliberador, Tatiana Miranda; Giovanini, Allan Fernando

2014-01-01

333

Cephalometric approach to the occlusal vertical dimension reestablishment.  

PubMed

The occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) refers to the length of the face as determined by the amount of separation of the jaws. Its determination is important for the manufacture of restorations. However, defining the correct occlusal vertical dimension for edentulous patients is one of the most important steps for function and esthetics rehabilitation. Cephalometry is a standardized method of assessing dental and facial proportions and their interrelation. Additionally, cephalometric analysis of the facial vertical dimension can establish an individual pattern for each patient. This analysis should become a permanent part of each patient's record. Hence, this study presented a case report with the use of cephalometry as an auxiliary tool in the rehabilitation of OVD. Clinical relevance showed that cephalometric analysis can be an accurate and convenient instrument to treatment planning and prognostic of oral rehabilitation. The reader should understand the clinical implications of using cephalometry as a tool in the rehabilitation of OVD. PMID:25105032

Zielak, João César; Gulin Neto, David; da Cunha, Leonardo Fernandes; Deliberador, Tatiana Miranda; Giovanini, Allan Fernando

2014-01-01

334

Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical syndrome of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is one of the most common and serious complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). High-dose chemotherapy or chemoradiation therapy in the context of autologous and allogeneic SCT can profoundly injure sinusoidal endothelium and hepatocytes within zone 3 of the liver acinus, producing the clinical syndrome of hepatomegaly and\\/or right upper quadrant

Paul Richardson; Eva Guinan

2001-01-01

335

Example-Based Human Pose Recovery under Predicted Partial Occlusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For human pose recovery, the presence of occlusions due to objects or other persons in the scene remains a difficult problem\\u000a to cope with. However, recent advances in the area of human detection allow for simultaneous segmentation of humans and the\\u000a prediction of occluded regions. In this chapter, we present an example-based pose recovery approach where this information\\u000a is used.

Ronald Poppe; Robert Babuska; Frans C A. Groen

2010-01-01

336

Multimodal percutaneous intervention for critical venous occlusive disease.  

PubMed

Critical deep venous thrombosis and occlusion constitutes a small percentage of patients with venous disease, who exhibit severe symptomatology. This study examined the results of multimodal percutaneous therapy for the treatment of complex critical venous thrombotic and occlusive disease. Twenty-five patients presented with critical venous thromboses or occlusions (11 with debilitating unilateral lower extremity edema causing ambulatory impairment, 2 with debilitating bilateral lower extremity edema, 3 with phlegmasia cerulea dolens, 2 with venous claudication, 2 with superior vena cava (SVS) syndrome with respiratory compromise, 4 with debilitating upper extremity edema, and 1 with renal insufficiency). Therapeutic modalities including thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, percutaneous venoplasty and stent placement, temporary inferior vena cava filtration, and ultrasound guidance were used in all cases in conjunction with long-term systemic anticoagulation. The venous access site was determined by the anatomic location of the lesion and included popliteal, femoral, brachial, and lesser saphenous. Patients were followed with clinical exam and duplex surveillance. Resolution of symptoms was achieved in 18 of 25 patients (72%) and partial resolution occurred in 4 of 25 (16%). Failure of treatment identified as both lack of clinical response and evidence of continued venous thrombosis occurred 3 of 25 patients (12%). Restoration of arterial pulses and limb salvage was achieved in the three patients with phlegmasia cerulea dolens and acute limb-threatening ischemia. Both patients with SVC syndrome experienced resolution of respiratory compromise and facial edema. The mean length of follow-up was 11 +/- 2.7 months. Complications included transfusion requirement (2), hematuria (2), retroperitoneal hematoma (1), and cellulitis (1). Acute critical venous thrombotic and occlusive disease is responsive to multimodal percutaneous treatment. The relief of pain and resolution of acutely life and limb-threatening conditions in this most severely symptomatic subset of patients represents the immediate goal of treatment. PMID:15770366

Dayal, Rajeev; Bernheim, Joshua; Clair, Daniel G; Mousa, Albeir Y; Hollenbeck, Scott; DeRubertis, Brain; McKinsey, James; Morrissey, Nicholas J; Kent, K Craig; Faries, Peter L

2005-03-01

337

Digital subtraction angiography in pediatric cerebrovascular occlusive disease  

SciTech Connect

While conventional angiography has been used to demonstrate cerebrovascular occlusive disease in the past, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is capable of showing progressive vascular involvement with ease, simplicity, and extremely low morbidity, making it particularly well suited for children and outpatients either alone or coordinated with computed tomography. The authors discuss the usefulness and advantages of DSA as demonstrated in 7 infants and children with hemiplegia, 4 of whom had sickle-cell disease.

Faerber, E.N.; Griska, L.A.B.; Swartz, J.D.; Capitanio, M.A.; Popky, G.L.

1984-08-01

338

n-Butyl cyanoacrylate-induced multiple retinal arteriolar occlusions.  

PubMed

We report a case of multiple retinal arteriolar occlusions due to delayed embolisation of N-butylcyanoacrylate glue, initially injected in the external carotid artery for the management of Carotid body tumour. Ocular massage and anterior chamber paracentesis were unfruitful and patient suffered irreversible visual loss in the affected eye. Embolisation of N-butyl cyanoacrylate glue into the retinal vasculature after intratumoral injection should be kept in mind as a rare but possible complication by radiologists and ophthalmologists. PMID:23624692

Naithani, Prashant; Khanduja, Sumeet; Sinha, Subijoy; Khanduja, Neha; Naithani, Preeti

2013-10-01

339

Role of Occlusal Vertical Dimension in Spindle Function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have suggested the jaw-muscle spindle as the receptor responsible for regulating and maintaining the occlusal vertical dimension (OVD). However, to challenge this assumption, we hypothesized that long-term changes in OVD could affect the sensory inputs from jaw-muscle spindles. In this study, we investigated changes in masseter muscle spindle function under an increased OVD (iOVD) condition. Responses of primary

T. Yabushita; J. L. Zeredo; K. Toda; K. Soma

2005-01-01

340

Primary Hyperparathyroidism Mimicking Vaso- occlusive Crises in Sickle Cell Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a case of bone pain associated with primary hyperparathyroidism in a patient with sickle cell disease. A 17-year-old girl with sickle cell disease (SS phenotype) was seen for bilateral knee and back pain. She had had recurrent severe vaso-occlusive crises and acute chest syndrome in the course of her disease. In the last 2 years, she had frequent

Preetha Krishnamoorthy; Saif Alyaarubi; Sharon Abish; Marie Gale; Pedro Albuquerque; Nada Jabado

341

Multifocal electroretinographic features of central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to To determine the features of wide-field multifocal electroretinography (WF-mfERG) recorded in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and to compare WF-mfERG responses of the affected and fellow eyes. In addition, WF-mfERG responses were also compared by using standard electroretinography (ERG). WF-mfERG and ERG responses were recorded from both eyes of 56 patients

Fiona M. Dolan; Stuart Parks; David Keating; Gordon N. Dutton; Aled L. Evans

2003-01-01

342

Mortality and Morbidity in Patients with Central Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the risk of mortality and morbidity in 78 patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) followed for more than 2 years (mean follow-up 7.2 years). Thirteen subjects died at an average of 7.0 years after CRVO. Five subjects developed myocardial infarction at an average of 2.8 years after CRVO, and 1 developed a cerebrovascular accident 3 years after

A. M. Mansour; Joseph B. Walsh; Paul Henkind

1992-01-01

343

Glucose6Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency in Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) defi- ciency is one of the most common human genetic abnormali- ties, with a high prevalence in Sardinia, Italy. Evidence indi- cates that G6PD-deficient patients are protected against ischemic heart and cerebrovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of G6PD deficiency in Sardinian patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and to

Antonio Pinna; Ciriaco Carru; Giuliana Solinas; Angelo Zinellu; Francesco Carta

2007-01-01

344

Radial optic neurotomy for ischaemic central vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/aims: Ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) accounts for 20–50% of all CRVO. No treatment has been proved to be effective. The efficacy of radial optic neurotomy (RON) was evaluated in eyes with ischaemic CRVO.Methods: 10 patients with ischaemic CRVO underwent RON. After pars plana vitrectomy, a microvitreoretinal blade was used to incise the scleral ring, cribriform plate, and adjacent

C S Marti?nez-Jardo?n; A Meza-de Regil; J Dalma-Weiszhausz; C Leizaola-Ferna?ndez; V Morales-Canto?n; J L Guerrero-Naranjo; H Quiroz-Mercado

2005-01-01

345

Supernormal Cone Electroretinogroms in Central Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 12 successive cases of unilateral central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), the strongly light-adapted cone electroretinogram (both a- and b-wave) was always slower and larger (supernormal) to long-wave stimuli compared with that of the unaffected eye. This supernormality became less as the level of light adaptation decreased; in the dark-adapted state, long-wave stimuli produced subnormal responses from the affected eye

P. Gouros; C. J. MacKay

1992-01-01

346

Radial Optic Neurotomy in Central Retinal Vein Occlusion: Preliminary Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To investigate the efficacy of radial optic neurotomy (RON) on visual prognosis and clinical findings in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: Prospective, non-randomised, self-controlled comparative trial. Six patients with ischemic CRVO who had visual acuity (VA) less than or equal to 0.1 and duration of CRVO at least 1 month, and 6 patients with non-ischemic CRVO who maintained

Berkant Kaderli; Remzi Avci; Oner Gelisken

2004-01-01

347

Integrating occlusion culling with view-dependent rendering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel approach that integrates occlusion culling within the view-dependent rendering framework. View-dependent rendering provides the ability to change level of detail over the surface seamlessly and smoothly in real-time. The exclusive use of view-parameters to perform level-of-detail selection causes even occluded regions to be rendered in high level of detail. To overcome this serious drawback we have

Jihad El-Sana; Neta Sokolovsky; Cláudio T. Silva

2001-01-01

348

An experimental study of tissue damage due to microvascular occlusion  

E-print Network

of pressure. A mechanical model is proposed to explain the behavior of the tissue in response to an applied load. Results of the investigation are intended to provide further knowledge towards an understanding of the cause of decubitus ulcers. iv... . Table 2. Phenomena Observed During Single- Point Oc'clusions Page 26 42 INTRODUCTION Decubitus ulcers are one of the major problems confrontinq patients who remain in one position, either sitting or recumbent, for prolonqed periods of time...

Adams, Bradley Thomas

2012-06-07

349

mRNA expression of genes involved in lipid efflux and matrix degradation in occlusive and ectatic atherosclerotic disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Atherosclerotic plaque behaviour is influenced by intraplaque inflammation, matrix turnover, and the lipid core volume. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor ? (PPAR?) modulates atherosclerosis by its anti-inflammatory and anti-protease activity. PPAR? promotes lipid efflux through the liver X receptor ? (LXR?) and the ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) are implicated in plaque instability. Aims: To assess the expression of these genes in occlusive and ectatic atherosclerotic disease to determine the relation between genes involved in lipid efflux and matrix degradation. Methods: Carotid endarterectomy specimens from 16 patients and aneurysm tissue from 16 patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm repair were used. Inferior mesenteric arteries from colectomy specimens from 12 patients served as controls. Total RNA was extracted from pulverised tissue and reverse transcribed into cDNA. Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed using fluorescently labelled probes for ABCA1, LXR?, PPAR?, COX-2, and MMP-9. Results: PPAR? expression was significantly lower in both occlusive and ecstatic atherosclerotic disease (p<0.001), whereas LXR? and ABCA1 expression was significantly increased (p<0.01). MMP-9 expression was significantly increased in diseased tissues (p<0.0001), and values were highest in occlusive disease (p<0.01). The increases in ABCA1 and MMP-9 mRNA were significantly correlated in diseased tissues (p<0.01, r?=?0.71 and r?=?0.78). COX-2 expression was increased in ectatic but low in occlusive disease (p<0.01). Conclusion: This observational study suggests a role for therapeutic upregulation of PPAR?, which could potentially upregulate lipid efflux through ABCA1 and inhibit matrix degradation through inhibition of MMP-9. PMID:16311343

Soumian, S; Gibbs, R; Davies, A; Albrecht, C

2005-01-01

350

Near-IR imaging of occlusal dental decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dental enamel manifests high transparency in the near-IR. Previous work demonstrated that near-IR light at 1310-nm is ideally suited for the transillumination of interproximal dental caries (dental decay in between teeth) [1]. However, most new dental decay occurs in the pits and fissures of the occlusal (biting) surfaces of posterior teeth. These caries lesions cannot be detected by x-rays during the early stages of decay due to the overlapping topography of the crown of the tooth. In this study, a near-IR imaging system operating at 1310-nm was used to acquire occlusal images by launching the near-IR light into the buccal surface of the tooth just above the gingival margin (gum-line). The near-IR light diffuses through the highly scattering dentin providing uniform back illumination of the enamel of the crowns allowing imaging of the occlusal surfaces. The near-IR images show high contrast between sound and demineralized areas. Demineralization (decay) can be easily differentiated from stains and pigmentation. Moreover, the high transparency of the enamel enables imaging at greater depth for the detection of subsurface decay hidden under the enamel. These early images suggest that the near-IR offers significant advantages over conventional visual, tactile and radiographic caries detection methods.

Buehler, Christopher M.; Fried, Daniel

2005-03-01

351

Plenoptic depth map in the case of occlusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent realizations of hand-held plenoptic cameras have given rise to previously unexplored effects in photography. Designing a mobile phone plenoptic camera is becoming feasible with the significant increase of computing power of mobile devices and the introduction of System on a Chip. However, capturing high numbers of views is still impractical due to special requirements such as ultra-thin camera and low costs. In this paper, we analyze a mobile plenoptic camera solution with a small number of views. Such a camera can produce a refocusable high resolution final image if a depth map is generated for every pixel in the sparse set of views. With the captured multi-view images, the obstacle to recovering a high-resolution depth is occlusions. To robustly resolve these, we first analyze the behavior of pixels in such situations. We show that even under severe occlusion, one can still distinguish different depth layers based on statistics. We estimate the depth of each pixel by discretizing the space in the scene and conducting plane sweeping. Specifically, for each given depth, we gather all corresponding pixels from other views and model the in-focus pixels as a Gaussian distribution. We show how it is possible to distinguish occlusion pixels, and in-focus pixels in order to find the depths. Final depth maps are computed in real scenes captured by a mobile plenoptic camera.

Yu, Zhan; Yu, Jingyi; Lumsdaine, Andrew; Georgiev, Todor

2013-03-01

352

Transient retinal artery occlusion during phacoemulsification cataract surgery.  

PubMed

PurposeTransient retinal artery occlusion (TRAO) is a potentially underdiagnosed cause of immediate 'pad off' visual loss following phacoemulsification cataract surgery under sub-Tenon's anaesthesia.MethodsWe describe a series of three patients presenting with enigmatic 'pad off' visual loss following phacoemulsification surgery, each diagnosed with TRAO. We describe the variable clinical presentation, illustrate the value of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in establishing the diagnosis, and present the final visual outcomes.ResultsClinical findings alone may be subtle and inadequate in localising the pathology in patients with TRAO. Cross-comparison of superior and inferior macula OCT profiles in branch-pattern arterial occlusion-and between healthy and affected eyes in central-pattern arteriolar occlusion-is critical in clinching the diagnosis. The typical evolution of OCT appearance is acute-phase inner retinal thickening/oedema and hyperreflectivity followed by progressive, late-phase inner retinal atrophy. Visual acuity may recover but central scotomas, and defects in colour perception may persist.ConclusionThe diagnosis of TRAO is challenging; delayed presentation may resolve fundal and retinal angiographic abnormalities. OCT may be the only imaging modality that can provide objective evidence of TRAO. Meticulous comparison/segmentation of OCT images is therefore mandatory in patients presenting with acute post-operative visual loss to exclude TRAO. PMID:25104741

Yusuf, I H; Fung, T Hm; Wasik, M; Patel, C K

2014-11-01

353

Subintimal angioplasty for femoro-popliteal occlusive disease.  

PubMed

There has been a longstanding debate about the roles of surgical bypass graft, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, subintimal angioplasty, and conservative management for femoro-popliteal occlusive disease. Subintimal angioplasty was first described in 1987 as a method of performing an endovascular arterial bypass. The subintimal space at the start of the occlusion is entered with a catheter and a wire loop is used to cross the occlusion and reenter the vessel lumen distally. In patients with critical limb ischemia, there is high quality evidence demonstrating that the limb salvage rate and amputation-free survival rates for surgery and endovascular treatment are similar, but surgery is more expensive than angioplasty in the short term. In patients with intermittent claudication, surgical bypass using an autologous saphenous vein graft is currently believed to be the gold standard, but this is increasingly questioned in the light of recent advances in endovascular techniques. Surgical bypass with vein graft offers a 2-year patency of 81%, compared with 67% for a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft and at best 67% for subintimal angioplasty. The better patency offered by surgery must be balanced against a higher morbidity and mortality. To conclude, subintimal angioplasty is an extremely valuable technique in the management of critical limb ischemia. Based on the evidence to date, this technique is likely to have an increasing role in the management of intermittent claudication over the coming years, particularly if the risk of general anaesthesia is high or there is no suitable vein. PMID:21050990

Markose, George; Miller, Fiona N A C; Bolia, Amman

2010-11-01

354

Is snuff a potential risk factor in occlusal wear?  

PubMed

Oral snuff contains fairly high percentages of inorganic, potentially abrasive elements and the use of snuff has been identified as one factor that contributes to occlusal wear. In the first part of the present study, the snuff habits of 100 users were investigated. 41 per cent reported that they sometimes got snuff between their teeth and another 14 per cent said that this happened often. Thirteen and six per cent, respectively, admitted that they sometimes of often used snuff as chewing tobacco. In the second part, an experimental model, using a so-called Bruxcore, was set up to estimate the degree of occlusal wear when chewing snuff compared to when chewing with nothing in the mouth. After 3000 chewing strokes on each plate, the wear of the plate used while chewing snuff was significantly less compared to the plate used while chewing with nothing in the mouth. The most likely explanation for this finding is that the salivary flow was more than twice as high when chewing snuff compared to chewing with nothing in the mouth, and that the saliva serves as a lubricant that protects the surface from wear. It is concluded that the use of oral snuff is not an important risk factor in occlusal wear. PMID:1876979

Magnusson, T

1991-01-01

355

Virtual articulator for the analysis of dental occlusion: An update  

PubMed Central

The future of dental practice is closely linked to the utilization of computer-based technology, specifically virtual reality, which allows the dental surgeon to simulate true life situations in patients. The virtual articulator has been designed for the exhaustive analysis of static and dynamic occlusion, with the purpose of substituting mechanical articulators and avoiding their errors. These tools will help both odontologists and dental prosthetists to provide the best individualized treatment for each patient. The present review analyzes the studies published in the literature on the design, functioning and applications of virtual articulators. A Medline-PubMed search was made of dental journals, with the identification of 137 articles, of which 16 were finally selected. The virtual articulator can simulate the specific masticatory movement of the patient. During mandibular animation, the program calculates the sites where the opposing teeth come into contact. The studies made to assess the reliability of the virtual articulator show good correspondence in visualization of the number and position of the dynamic contacts. The virtual articulator is a precise tool for the full analysis of occlusion in a real patient. Key words: Virtual articulator, dental occlusion, dental articulator. PMID:22157663

Romero-Millan, Javier; Penarrocha-Oltra, David; Penarrocha-Diago, Maria

2012-01-01

356

Plasma endothelin-1 concentrations in patients with retinal vein occlusions  

PubMed Central

AIMS—To investigate whether plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstricting peptide that is crucial in regulating retinal blood flow, were elevated in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO).?METHODS—ET-1 plasma concentrations were determined by radioimmunoassays in a double blind fashion in a group of 18 selected patients with RVO, in 20 healthy age matched non-smoking, normoglycaemic, normotensive control subjects, and in 15 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension in the same age range.?RESULTS—Patients with RVO had significantly increased ET-1 plasma levels (14.22 (SD 4.6) pg/ml) compared with both normal subjects (7.90 (1.6) pg/ml; p < 0.05) and hypertensive patients (8.50 (2.9) pg/ml; p <0.05). The highest concentrations of circulating ET-1 were found in patients with RVO of the ischaemic type (16.97 (3.5) pg/ml; p < 0.01; n = 7). Systemic hypertension alone did not account for the observed increase in plasma ET-1 concentrations.?CONCLUSIONS—These findings raise the possibility that the increased circulating ET-1 levels in patients with RVO may be a marker of the occlusive event, thereby suggesting that ET-1 homeostasis may be relevant to RVO pathogenesis and retinal ischaemic manifestations.?? Keywords: endothelin-1; hypoxia; ischaemia; retinal vein occlusion; thrombogenesis; venous stasis PMID:9713055

Iannaccone, A.; Letizia, C.; Pazzaglia, S.; Vingolo, E.; Clemente, G.; Pannarale, M.

1998-01-01

357

Selection of criteria for assessment of occlusal acceptability.  

PubMed

There is no general agreement on criteria that could be applied to distinguish between orthodontically acceptable and non-acceptable occlusions after the completion of dental development. The aim of the present study was to analyse morphological and functional features that could be used as an index to define an acceptable occlusion in young adults. Three expert panels representing specialists in orthodontics and stomatognathic physiology participated in a modified Delphi method. Each panel responded to a questionnaire concerning the usefulness of various occlusal features, and a set of characteristics was selected on the basis of the responses; thereafter, applicability of the chosen characteristics and their cut-offs for an acceptable non-acceptable dichotomy was tested clinically. To obtain a consensus level of 100%, the last panel session was completed with a group discussion. Assessments made using the morphological criteria were compared with those made with the dental health component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. The selected morphological characteristics consisted of overjet, overbite, canine relationship, crossbite, scissors bite and midline deviation. The functional evaluation comprised assessments of discrepancy between the centric relation and the intercuspal position, working- and non-working-side contacts and protrusion contacts. The dental health component and our morphological criteria showed different sensitivity to contact point displacements, interdigitation in buccal segments and increased overbite. This study provides a set of morphological and functional indicators reflecting the current consensus opinion of Finnish professionals. Further studies are needed to analyse the reproducibility of assessment of the characteristics included. PMID:12166910

Svedström-Oristo, Anna-Liisa; Pietilä, Terttu; Pietilä, Ilpo; Helenius, Hans; Peutzfeldt, Pentti; Varrela, Juha

2002-06-01

358

Novel treatment techniques for recanalization of femoral-popliteal deep venous occlusion from chronic thrombosis.  

PubMed

Patients with postthrombotic syndrome due to previous femoral-popliteal deep venous thrombosis often experience lifestyle-limiting lower-extremity pain and swelling. Conservative treatment options include compression stockings and lymphedema massage, but in many cases these treatments only temporarily and partially improve symptoms. Ultrasound and venography in patients with postthrombotic syndrome often show only partial recanalization of the femoral vein with significant collateral vein formation. These abnormal veins are insufficient for adequate venous drainage from the lower extremity as evidenced by the patient's continued symptoms. Recanalization of the occluded or partially occluded femoral vein using prolonged venoplasty, with or without chemical thrombolysis, combined with optimizing anticoagulation and conservative treatment measures, results in lasting improvement in symptoms for a high percentage of patients. PMID:24840967

Spencer, Elizabeth Brooke; Stratil, Peter; Mizones, Heidi

2014-06-01

359

[Complications of arterial reconstructions below the knee for chronic vascular occlusion (author's transl)].  

PubMed

From 1967 to 1976 49 reconstructions were undertaken in the area distal of the art. poplitea: 30 femoral-crural bypasses, 12 TEA und 7 orthogradic desobliterations. Complications until clinical demission were reviewed. There were in 8 cases postop. thrombosis which led to 4 amputations. 6 patients suffered from wound infection with one consecutive amputation. 4 hemmorages had to be stopped surgically. THE OVER ALL RATE OF COMPLICATIONS WAS 36,7% WITH A PRIMARY MORTALity of 4%. PMID:1086013

Brieler, H S; Müller-Wiefel, H; Bernhard, A

1976-08-01

360

Influence of acetylsalicylic acid (1. 0 g/day) on platelet survival time, beta-thromboglobulin and platelet factor 4 in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease  

SciTech Connect

In this study we investigated the influence of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 1.0 g/day on /sup 111/-In-platelet survival time (PST) and on plasma levels of beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF 4) in 37 patients (median age: 63.4 years) with arteriographically proven peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in a chronic stable phase. We found a slight but significant increase of PST during therapy with ASA (weighted mean (WM): 184.3----193.2 (median) hours, p less than 0.05; multiple hit (MH): 182.4----192.8 hours, p less than 0.005) for the total group of patients. Concerning the influence of risk factors of PAOD on PST during ASA-therapy, there was a significant increase of PST only in the nondiabetics (WM: 180.3----204.6 hours, p less than 0.01; MH: 176.8----195.3 hours, p less than 0.01). There was a negative correlation between the baseline values of PST and their increase following ASA therapy (WM: r = -0.63; p less than 0.0001; MH: r = -0.61, p less than 0.0001). The pretreatment levels of beta-TG--but not PF 4--were significantly (p less than 0.001) elevated compared to healthy controls. Therapy with ASA caused a significant decrease in the plasma levels of beta-TG (median: 30.4----26.6 ng/ml, p less than 0.001) and PF 4 (2.95----2.2 ng/ml, p less than 0.01).

Minar, E.; Ehringer, H.

1987-03-15

361

Status Epilepticus after Prolonged Umbilical Cord Occlusion Is Associated with Greater Neural Injury Fetal Sheep at Term-Equivalent  

PubMed Central

The majority of pre-clinical studies of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy at term-equivalent have focused on either relatively mild insults, or on functional paradigms of cerebral ischemia or hypoxia-ischemia/hypotension. There is surprisingly little information on the responses to single, severe ‘physiological’ insults. In this study we examined the evolution and pattern of neural injury after prolonged umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). 36 chronically instrumented fetal sheep at 125–129 days gestational age (term?=?147 days) were subjected to either UCO until mean arterial pressure was occlusion (n?=?7). Surviving fetuses were killed after 72 hours for histopathologic assessment with acid-fuchsin thionine. After UCO, 11 fetuses died with intractable hypotension and 5 ewes entered labor and were euthanized. The remaining 13 fetuses showed marked EEG suppression followed by evolving seizures starting at 5.8 (6.8) hours (median (interquartile range)). 6 of 13 developed status epilepticus, which was associated with a transient secondary increase in cortical impedance (a measure of cytotoxic edema, p<0.05). All fetuses showed moderate to severe neuronal loss in the hippocampus and the basal ganglia but mild cortical cell loss (p<0.05 vs sham occlusion). Status epilepticus was associated with more severe terminal hypotension (p<0.05) and subsequently, greater neuronal loss (p<0.05). In conclusion, profound UCO in term-equivalent fetal sheep was associated with delayed seizures, secondary cytotoxic edema, and subcortical injury, consistent with the predominant pattern after peripartum sentinel events at term. It is unclear whether status epilepticus exacerbated cortical injury or was simply a reflection of a longer duration of asphyxia. PMID:24797081

Drury, Paul P.; Davidson, Joanne O.; van den Heuij, Lotte G.; Wassink, Guido; Gunn, Eleanor R.; Booth, Lindsea C.; Bennet, Laura; Gunn, Alistair J.

2014-01-01

362

Accidental Ingestion of an Inter-occlusal Device Used for the Restoration of Occlusion: A Case Report.  

PubMed

The accidental swallowing of prosthetic devices has been discussed in the relevant literature as an unusual, although ordinary, event in clinical practice. This article aims at reporting the ingestion of an inter-occlusal device used to restore the Vertical Dimension of Occlusion (VDO) which, during the ingestion of an analgesic pill, was accidentally swallowed. The patient was sent to the Clinics Hospital UFMG where, upon taking radiographs, the device was located in the upper third of the esophagus. The device was removed during an endoscopic exam with the help of forceps for removing foreign objects. Dealing with a relevant situation, one may conclude that patients who use removable intra-oral devices must take part in a reevaluation protocol in order to detect adaptation and retention of these devices, as well as proper instruction for the patient. PMID:25284570

Vasconcellos, Walison Arthuso; Braga, Neilor Mateus Antunes; Moretzsohn, Luciana Dias; Lanza, Marcos Daniel Septimio; Lanza, Marcos Dias; Dos Santos Rocha, Wellington Márcio

2014-09-01

363

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)  

MedlinePLUS

CML; Chronic myeloid leukemia; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic ... nuclear disaster. It takes many years to develop leukemia from radiation exposure. Most people treated for cancer ...

364

Early Avastin management in acute retinal vein occlusion  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the safety, functional and anatomical effects of intravitreal Avastin (bevacizumab) in treatment of recent retinal venous occlusion. Design Prospective interventional series non-comparative study. Setting Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia University, Egypt. Methods The study included 30 eyes of 30 patients with recent retinal venous occlusion of less than 3 months duration 12 eyes (40%) of patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and 18 eyes (60%) with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) were injected with intravitreal bevacizumab 1.25 mg (0.05 ml) of commercially available bevacizumab [Avastin; Genentech, Inc., San Francisco, CA] at a concentration of 25 mg/ml as a primary treatment. The mean number of injections was 2.7 (range, 1–6 injections) 6–8 weeks intervals and follow-up for 12 months (range, 9–13 months). Patients underwent visual acuity testing (VA) as functional assessment. Anatomically, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used for measurement of central retinal thickness (CRT) to detect macular edema (ME), fundus photography and fluorescein angiography (FA) to detect venous tortuosity, optic disc edema and surface wrinkling rather than ME. All finding at baseline and each follow-up visit were reported. Results The mean age of all patients was 65.3 years ± 8.5 (range, 55–82 years), 20 males and 10 females patients. The mean baseline VA was 20/240 (log MAR 1.08 ± 0.52) and improved to 20/60 (log MAR 0.48 ± 0.32) with statistically significance difference change (P < 0.001). The mean baseline CRT was 455 ?m ± 126 (range, 386–510), decreased to 356 ?m ± 118 (range, 296–416) after 1 month with statistically significance difference change (P < 0.02) and to 402 ?m ± 170 (range, 338–468) after 6 months (P < 0.067) and to 250 ?m ± 48 (range, 200–298) at last follow-up with statistically significance difference change from the baseline (P < 0.001). There were great proportional decrease in venous tortuosity, optic disc edema and surface wrinkling after 1 month of injection. Neither systemic nor intraocular adverse events were reported. Conclusions Intravitreal Avastin (IVA) is safe well tolerated, effectively improve VA, fundus picture and stabilize anterior segment neo-vascular activity in patients with recent retinal venous occlusion. PMID:23960882

Mehany, Shaaban A.; Mourad, Khaled M.; Shawkat, Ahmad M.; Sayed, Mohammed F.

2010-01-01

365

With occlusion by proximal surfaces, even without self-occlusion, continuously appearing and disappearing parts bring volume perception from motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volume perception, that is, perception of a partially enclosed space filled with a medium, can be assessed not only from binocular\\u000a viewing but also from motion. It was demonstrated that appearing and disappearing parts, which were generated by self-occlusion,\\u000a play an essential role in volume perception from motion. In this study, we investigated volume perception in partially visible\\u000a cylindrical and

Xiaohong Cheng; Masanori Idesawa

2011-01-01

366

Defective lipid metabolism in sickle cell anaemia subjects in vaso-occlusive crisis  

PubMed Central

Background: Abnormal lipid homeostasis has been reported in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) as well as in other haematological disorders. However, there is little information on the lipid profile of SCA subjects in vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). This study determined the lipid profile of adult SCA subjects in VOC and in steady state (SSCA). Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight (58) adults with HbSS (30 in steady state and 28 in vaso-occlusive crisis) and 24 age-matched healthy individuals with HbAA genotype were recruited into this study. Standard methods were used for the determination of blood pressure (BP), packed cell volume (PCV), total white blood cell count (WBC) and haemoglobin phenotype. After an overnight fast, 5 ml of venous blood was obtained from each SSCA and the controls while samples were collected upon admission in the VOC group. Plasma lipid profile was determined using enzymatic method. Differences between two groups were determined using independent Student's t-test or Man-Whitney U as appropriate. P-values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Plasma total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) were significantly lower while the ratio of triglyceride (TG) to HDL (TG/HDL) was significantly higher in SSCA compared with the controls. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) and TC were significantly lower in SCA subjects in VOC compared with controls. However, TC, TG, LDL and TG/HDL were significantly lower while HDL was significantly higher in VOC compared with SSCA. Conclusion: Sickle cell anaemia subjects have defective fasting lipid metabolism which becomes pronounced with VOC. PMID:25298610

Akinlade, Kehinde Sola; Adewale, Christiana Odunayo; Rahamon, Sheu Kadiri; Fasola, Foluke Atinuke; Olaniyi, John Ayodele; Atere, Adedeji David

2014-01-01

367

Chronic Cough  

MedlinePLUS

... Risk Factors What can cause chronic cough? Smoking Smoking can cause a cough that doesn't go away. Allergies ... throat. This is called "acid reflux." It can cause heartburn or a cough. Acid reflux is more common when you're lying down. Treatment Smoking If you smoke, you should stop. Talk to ...

368

Total Homocysteine and Estrogen Status Indicators in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility that estrogen status modulates total homocysteine concentration, a risk factor for vascular occlusion, was examined in a representative sample of the US population, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (phase 2), 1991-1994. The geometric mean serum total homocysteine concentration was compared among population subgroups differing on inferred estrogen status, after adjusting for potential confounding by age,

Martha Savaria Morris; Paul F. Jacques; Jacob Selhub; Irwin H. Rosenberg

369

Endovascular Repair of a Type III Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Occlusion of Visceral Arteries  

SciTech Connect

The successful endovascular repair of a type III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) with the use of a tube endograft is reported. A 56-year-old male with a 6.4-cm type III TAAA, a 4.2-cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, and chronic renal insufficiency presented with flank pain, nausea, acute anuria, and serum creatinine of 6.1 mg/dl. Acute occlusion of the left solitary renal artery was diagnosed and emergent recanalization with percutaneus transluminal angioplasty and stenting was performed successfully, with reversal of the serum creatinine level at 1.6 mg/dl. Further imaging studies for TAAA management revealed ostial occlusion of both the celiac artery (CA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) but a hypertrophic inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) providing retrograde flow to the aforementioned vessels. This rare anatomic serendipity allowed us to repair the TAAA simply by using a two-component tube endograft without fenestrations (Zenith; William Cook, Bjaeverskov, Denmark) that covered the entire length of the aneurysm, including the CA and SMA origins, since a natural arterial bypass from the IMA to the CA and SMA already existed, affording protection from gastrointestinal ischemic complications. The patient had a fast and uneventful recovery and is currently doing well 6 months after the procedure. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature of successful endovascular repair of a TAAA involving visceral arteries with the simple use of a tube endograft.

Klonaris, Chris, E-mail: cklonaris@yahoo.com; Katsargyris, Athanasios; Giannopoulos, Athanasios; Georgopoulos, Sotiris; Tsigris, Chris; Michail, Othon; Marinos, George; Bastounis, Elias [Vascular Division, LAIKON Hospital, Athens University Medical School, First Department of Surgery (Greece)

2007-07-15

370

Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia  

MedlinePLUS

... vera, essential thrombocythemia, or primary myelofibrosis. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which ... other problems related to essential thrombocythemia. Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Chronic neutrophilic leukemia is a disease in which ...

371

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children  

MedlinePLUS

Chronic Pancreatitis in Children What symptoms would my child have? Frequent or chronic abdominal pain is the ... pancreatitis will develop diabetes in adolescence. Who gets chronic pancreatitis? Those at risk for chronic pancreatitis are ...

372

Ear infection - chronic  

MedlinePLUS

Middle ear infection - chronic; Otitis media - chronic; Chronic otitis media; Chronic ear infection ... Kerschner JE. Otitis media. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders ...

373

In vivo Near-IR Imaging of Occlusal Lesions at 1310-nm  

PubMed Central

Several in vitro studies have demonstrated the potential for transillumination imaging and optical coherence tomography operating at 1310-nm for imaging caries lesions on tooth proximal and occlusal surfaces. Recently, we demonstrated that lesions on proximal surfaces could be imaged in vivo using NIR transillumination and that PS-OCT can be used in vivo to measure early demineralization on tooth buccal and occlusal surfaces. In this paper we report the first in vivo measurements using OCT and NIR imaging of occlusal lesions that have been scheduled for restoration. Occlusal lesions were chosen that were scheduled for restoration based on conventional diagnosis that consists of visual and tactile examination. Occlusal lesions were visible in the NIR. OCT looks promising for confirming the lateral spread of occlusal caries under the dentinal-enamel junction adjacent to fissures. These studies suggest that both near infrared transillumination imaging at 1310–nm and OCT provide valuable information about the severity of caries lesions. PMID:21785532

Fried, Daniel; Staninec, Michal; Darling, Cynthia L.; Lee, Chulsung; Kang, Hobin; Chan, Kenneth H.

2011-01-01

374

[Cerebral aneurysms in patients with the occlusion of the brachiocephalic vessels].  

PubMed

Cerebral aneurysms coexistent with iatrogenic (after surgical ligation or occlusion) or idiopathic (due to atheromatosis) occlusion of an extracranial cerebral artery are very rare. The occlusion of the brachiocephalic vessels leads to the formation of a collateral circulation at two levels: the circle of Willis and the connections between collaterals of the extracranial cerebral arteries. The authors discuss different types of collateral arterial pathways as well as hemodynamic abnormalities in the case of the occlusion of the brachiocephalic vessels, particularly internal carotid artery or the innominate artery occlusion. The paper analyses the etiopathogenesis of cerebral aneurysms in view of the hemodynamic theory of cerebral aneurysms formation. The article is illustrated with own three cases of ruptured cerebral aneurysms coexistent with the occlusion of the innominate artery. PMID:16794963

Kaspera, Wojciech; Majchrzak, Henryk; Ladzi?ski, Piotr; Tomalski, Witold

2006-01-01

375

Visualization and analysis of occlusion for human jaws using a "functionally generated path"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamic characteristics of occlusion during lower jaw motion are useful in the diagnosis of jaw articulation problems and in computer-aided design/ manufacture of teeth restorations. The Functionally Generated Path (FGP), produced as a surface which envelops the actual occlusal surface of the moving opponent jaw, can be used for compact representation of dynamic occlusal relations. In traditional dentistry FGP is recorded as a bite impression in a patient's mouth. We propose an efficient computerized technique for FGP reconstruction and validate it through implementation and testing. The distance maps between occlusal surfaces of jaws, calculated for multiple projection directions and accumulated for mandibular motion, provide information for FGP computation. Rasterizing graphics hardware is used for fast calculation of the distance maps. Real-world data are used: the scanned shape of teeth and the measured motion of the lower jaw. We show applications of FGP to analysis of the occlusion relations and occlusal surface design for restorations.

Myszkowski, Karol; Herder, Jens; Kunii, Tosiyasu L.; Ibusuki, Masumi

1996-03-01

376

Comparison of frequency of radial artery occlusion after 4Fr versus 6Fr transradial coronary intervention (from the Novel Angioplasty USIng Coronary Accessor Trial).  

PubMed

The frequency of radial artery occlusion was compared between patients receiving 4Fr versus 6Fr transradial coronary interventions (TRIs) in an open-label randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00815997). The primary outcome measure was radial artery occlusion on the day after TRI. The secondary outcome measures were the procedural success, major advanced cardiac events, access site-related complications, procedural times, fluoroscopy times, and contrast dye usage. A total of 160 patients were included. The procedure was successful in 79 of 80 patients (99%) in both groups. Whereas the 4Fr group showed no access site-related complications, the 6Fr developed 5 (6%), including 3 radial artery occlusions and 2 bleedings (1 radial artery perforation and 1 massive hematoma; p = 0.02). Although the radial artery occlusion rate was lower in the 4Fr versus the 6Fr groups, the difference was not significant (0% vs 4%, p = 0.08). The mean hemostasis time was significantly shorter in the 4Fr than in the 6Fr groups (237 ± 105 vs 320 ± 238 minutes, p = 0.007). In conclusion, these findings suggest that 4Fr TRI may become a less invasive alternative to 6Fr TRI in treating coronary artery diseases. PMID:24786357

Takeshita, Satoshi; Asano, Hiroshi; Hata, Tetsuya; Hibi, Kiyoshi; Ikari, Yuji; Kan, Yoshifumi; Katsuki, Takaaki; Kawasaki, Tomohiro; Masutani, Motomaru; Matsumura, Toshiyuki; Premchand, Rajendra K; Rao, Surya P; Suzuki, Takashi; Takahashi, Akihiko; Takeda, Ryuichi; Tanaka, Shinji; Yamazaki, Seiji; Yin, Wei-Hsian; Yoshimachi, Fuminobu; Saito, Shigeru

2014-06-15

377

Artery of Percheron Occlusion in an Elderly Male: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Acute bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts are uncommon. Occlusion of the artery of Percheron (AOP) is presumed to cause this specific stroke syndrome. However, occlusion of the AOP is rare and early diagnosis is challenging. Here we described a 70-year-old male patient who presented with acute disturbance of consciousness due to acute bilateral paramedian thalamo-mesencephalic infarction secondary to AOP occlusion. Anticoagulant therapy was administered, and his consciousness gradually improved.

Chang, Yuh-Ming; Fan, Yang-Kai

2015-01-01

378

The effect of occlusal rest size and shape on yield strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of problem.Occlusal rests, essential for conventional removable partial dentures, may fracture and cause failure of the prosthesis. It is unknown whether alterations in the size or shape of occlusal rests might improve their performance.Purpose.In this in vitro study, 3-dimensional finite element analysis was used to evaluate the effects of occlusal rest size and shape on yield strength.Material and methods.An

Yuuji Sato; Nobuaki Shindoi; Katsunori Koretake; Ryuji Hosokawa

2003-01-01

379

Effectiveness of enoxaparin for prevention of radial artery occlusion after transradial cardiac catheterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of enoxaparin for prevention of radial artery (RA) occlusion after transradial\\u000a access for diagnostic and interventional cardiac procedures. RA occlusion is a potential complication of transradial cardiac\\u000a catheterization. Conventionally, unfractionated heparin is used for prevention of RA occlusion. Effectiveness of low molecular\\u000a weight heparins for prevention of this complication has

Hasan Feray; Cemil Izgi; Diler Cetiner; Ebubekir Emre Men; Yelda Saltan; Ayhan Baltay; Reyhan Kahraman

2010-01-01

380

Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy with bilateral central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: We examined a patient with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and bilateral central retinal vein occlusion.METHOD: Case report. A 28-year-old woman presented with the typical findings of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy. One month after presentation, the patient developed bilateral central retinal vein occlusion.RESULT: Four months after presentation, resolution of the bilateral central retinal vein occlusion resulted

Steven D. Allee; Steven J. Marks

1998-01-01

381

Treatment of central retinal vein occlusion by injection of tissue plasminogen activator into a retinal vein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To report the injection of tissue plasminogen activator into a retinal vein to treat central retinal vein occlusion.Methods: An 81-year-old woman with visual loss of the right eye secondary to central retinal vein occlusion developed central retinal vein occlusion and visual loss in her left eye. Treatment of her left eye with topical ocular hypotensive medications, pentoxifylline, and laser

Jeffrey N. Weiss

1998-01-01

382

A Level-set Based Tracking Approach for Surveillance Video with Fusion and Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional level-set-based methods of tracking contours suffered from occlusion and fusion. In this paper, the proposed method introduces dynamic incident detection to find and handle occlusion and fusion. Color histogram of the hue component in HSV color space is used to identify the objects re-entering after occlusion. On the other hand, object features including the size and the motion pattern

Chaoqun Hong; Na Li; Mingli Song; Jiajun Bu; Chun Chen

2010-01-01

383

Low-Dose Total Body Irradiation and Donor Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant Followed By Donor Lymphocyte Infusion in Treating Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Multiple Myeloma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage II Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

2014-04-25

384

Chronic urticaria.  

PubMed Central

Urticaria affects 15% to 20% of the population once or more during a lifetime. Chronic urticaria is a frequent recurrent eruption over a period greater than 6 weeks; the cause remains a mystery in more than 75% of cases. Urticaria and angioedema may be produced by immunologic or nonimmunologic means. Urticarial vasculitis, contact urticaria, mastocytosis, physical urticarias, dermatographism, cholinergic urticaria, localized heat urticaria, cold urticaria, aquagenic urticaria, and vibratory angioedema all require specific evaluation and treatment. Chronic idiopathic urticaria is usually controlled by antihistamines; depending on the circadian rhythm of the eruption, sedative or nonsedative antihistamines are prescribed. Some patients will require a combination of H1 and H2 antagonists, or even parenteral corticosteroids. PMID:1970697

Burrall, B. A.; Halpern, G. M.; Huntley, A. C.

1990-01-01

385

Improvement in Claudication After Angioplasty of Distal Ostial Collateral Stenosis in Patients with Long-Segment Occlusion of the Femoral Artery  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the angiographic and clinical effects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of distal ostial collateral stenoses in patients with claudication and long-segment occlusion of the superficial femoral artery (SFA).Methods: In ten patients (9 men, 1 woman) with stable intermittent claudication due to chronic long-segment occlusion of the SFA a high-grade stenosis of the distal collateral ostium of the deep femoral artery to the popliteal artery were dilated. PTA was performed using popliteal artery access. Claudication distances on the treadmill and ankle-brachial pressure indices (ABI) at rest were analyzed before, 1 week, and 14 weeks after PTA.Results: Initial technical success was obtained in all patients. There were no significant periprocedural local complications. The initial mean claudication distance on the treadmill increased significantly from 107 {+-} 65 m to 306 {+-} 209 m (p < 0.01), the maximal claudication distance from 203 {+-} 128 m to 392 {+-} 167 m (p < 0.01). The mean ABI changed slightly but significantly (0.61 {+-} 0.08 vs. 0.64 {+-} 0.07; p < 0.05). Early follow-up after 14 weeks revealed no clinical deterioration.Conclusion: This new technique is considered helpful in patients with well-defined claudication and long-segment occlusion of the SFA.

Mueller-Buehl, Uwe [Sektion Allgemeinmedizin der Universitaet Heidelberg, Bergheimer Strasse 147, D-69115 Heidelberg (Germany); Strecker, Ernst-Peter; Goettmann, Dieter; Vetter, Sylvia; Boos, Irene B.L. [Abteilung fuer bildgebende Verfahren, Nuklearmedizin und Interventionsradiologie, Diakonissen-Krankenhaus, D-76191 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2000-11-15

386

Sudden Cardiac Arrest with Acute Myocardial Infarction Induced by Left Subclavian Artery Occlusion in a Patient with Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery  

PubMed Central

Multivascular preventive and therapeutic approaches are necessary in patients with coronary artery disease because atherosclerosis has a common systemic pathogenesis. We present a rare case of sudden cardiac arrest with acute myocardial infarction induced by the total occlusion of left subclavian artery (LSCA) in a patient with a history of previous coronary artery bypass surgery using the left internal mammary artery. We initially performed blind-puncture of left brachial artery, attempting percutaneous coronary intervention because pulses were absent in both upper and lower extremities. However, the cause of sudden cardiac arrest was atherosclerotic total occlusion of LSCA. The patient was stabilized after successful revascularization of LSCA by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent insertion. PMID:23323128

Won, Ki-Bum; Cho, Yun-Hyeong

2012-01-01

387

Early Experience with the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II for Occlusive Purposes in Arteriovenous Hemodialysis Access  

SciTech Connect

The Amplatzer Vascular Plug Type II (AVP II) has proven effective in the therapeutic embolization of various vascular lesions. It benefits from very rapid occlusion of the target lesion and can be deployed, retrieved, and redeployed if required. There is no literature available on use of the AVP II in the maintenance, closure, and management of complicated arteriovenous access in hemodialysis patients. In this series, we present our clinical experience with the use of the AVP II for embolization of problematic hemodialysis access. The AVP II is a self-expandable Nitinol wire-mesh device. Mounted on a delivery wire it has the capability to be deployed, recaptured, and redeployed. In total seven patients (four males: one diabetic, all nonsmokers), with ages ranging from 44 to 81 years (mean, 63 years), were treated between July 2008 and January 2009. One patient had not started dialysis. The remaining six patients had varied histories, with the time on hemodialysis ranging from 1 to 21 years. Retrospective review of clinical notes revealed patient demographics, type of access, device size, deployment site, and outcomes. Indications for embolization included steal syndrome (one patient), high-flow tributaries (two patients), and limb swelling (four patients). All patients had clinical and sonographical follow-up to 3 months. Surgical ligation had either failed, was considered a contraindication due to concerns regarding wound healing, or was considered difficult due to complex venous anatomy. Only one device was used in each patient, ranging from 6 to 16 mm in diameter. Immediate technical success was seen in 100%. All these patients were followed up clinically in the vascular access radiology clinic at 4 weeks and 3 months. Occlusion of the treated vessel and resolution of symptoms were reconfirmed in 100% of cases at 3 months. It was also noted whether patients were having successful dialysis, if required. There were no complications. Average procedural time was 19 min. We conclude that the AVP II is an efficient, safe, and technically simple occlusion device for use in arteriovenous access.

Powell, Steven, E-mail: Steven.Powell@rlbuht.nhs.uk; Narlawar, Ranjeet; Odetoyinbo, Tolulola; Littler, Peter [Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom); Oweis, Deyana [Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Department of Renal Medicine (United Kingdom); Sharma, Ajay; Bakran, Ali [Royal Liverpool Hospital, Department of Transplant Surgery (United Kingdom)

2010-02-15

388

Use of Nitinol Stents Following Recanalization of Central Venous Occlusions in Hemodialysis Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. To retrospectively review the patency of endovascular interventions with nitinol stent placement for symptomatic central venous occlusions in hemodialysis patients. Methods. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent endovascular interventions for dysfunctional hemodialysis grafts and fistulas was performed from April 2004 to August 2006. A total of 6 patients presented with arm and/or neck and facial swelling and left brachiocephalic vein occlusion. The study group consisted of 3 men and 3 women with a mean age of 79.5 years (SD 11.2 years). Of these 6 patients, 1 had a graft and 5 had fistulas in the left arm. The primary indication for nitinol stent placement was technical failure of angioplasty following successful traversal of occluded central venous segments. Patency was assessed from repeat fistulograms and central venograms performed when patients redeveloped symptoms or were referred for access dysfunction determined by the ultrasound dilution technique. No patients were lost to follow-up. Results. Nitinol stent placement to obtain technically successful recanalization of occluded venous segments was initially successful in 5 of 6 patients (83%). In 1 patient, incorrect stent positioning resulted in partial migration to the superior vena cava requiring restenting to prevent further migration. Clinical success was observed in all patients (100%). Over the follow-up period, 2 patients underwent repeat intervention with angioplasty alone. Primary patency was 83.3% (95% CI 0.5-1.2) at 3 months, and 66.7% at 6 and 12 months (0.2-1.1, 0.1-1.2). Secondary patency was 100% at 12 months with 3 patients censored over that time period. Mean primary patency was 10.4 months with a mean follow-up of 12.4 months. No complications related to recanalization of the occluded central venous segments were observed. Conclusion. Our initial experience has demonstrated that use of nitinol stents for central venous occlusion in hemodialysis patients is associated with good mid-term patency and may exceed historical observations with prior use of Wallstents.

Rajan, Dheeraj K., E-mail: dheeraj.rajan@uhn.on.ca; Saluja, Jasdeep S. [Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network University of Toronto, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Medical Imaging (Canada)

2007-07-15

389

Chronic Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and human immunodeficiency virus infection are three separate entities,\\u000a each has causal and non-causal risk factors that are common in the stage 5 chronic kidney disease population. The medical\\u000a nutrition therapies are similar, which emphasize adequate protein and energy intakes, fluid control, and possibly carbohydrate\\u000a and fat modifications. Each patient requires an individualized evaluation, taking

Sharon R. Schatz

390

Occlusal caries depth measurements obtained by five different imaging modalities.  

PubMed

The study aimed to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of occlusal caries depth measurements obtained from different imaging modalities. The study comprised 21 human mandibular molar teeth with occlusal caries. Teeth were imaged using film, CCD, two different cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) units and a microcomputer tomography (micro-CT). Thereafter, each tooth was serially sectioned, and the section with the deepest carious lesion was scanned using a high-resolution scanner. Each image set was separately viewed by three oral radiologists. Images were viewed randomly, and each set was viewed twice. Lesion depth was measured on film images using a digital caliper, on CCD and CBCT images using built-in measurement tools, on micro-CT images using the Mimics software program, and on histological images using AxioVision Rel. 4.7. Intra- and inter-rater reliabilities were assessed according to the Bland/Altman method by calculating Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICCs). Mean/median values obtained with intraoral systems were lower than those obtained with 3-D and histological images for all observers and both readings. Intra-observer ICC values for all observers were highest for histology and micro-CT. In addition, intra-observer ICC values were higher for histology and CBCT than for histology and intra-oral methods. Inter-observer ICC values for first and second readings were high for all observers. No differences in repeatability were found between Accuitomo and Iluma CBCT images or between intra-oral film and CCD images. Micro-CT was found to be the best imaging method for the ex vivo measurement of occlusal caries depth. In addition, both CBCT units performed similarly and better than intra-oral modalities. PMID:21116675

Kamburo?lu, Kivanç; Kurt, Hakan; Kolsuz, Eray; Özta?, Bengi; Tatar, Ilkan; Çelik, Hakan Hamdi

2011-10-01

391

[Reoperations for early recurrent occlusions following femoropopliteal and femorocrural bypasses].  

PubMed

We analyse the early results of 333 patients who had been operated on because of femoropopliteal occlusions between 1996 and 2000. Most interventions (90.4%) were below knee reconstructions. The rate of crural bypasses was high (40.5%). We examined whether the length and type of the graft influenced the outcome of the primary operation. If below knee bypass was necessary in every operation autologous grafts were preferred either partially or entirely (saphenous vein or arm vein). The number of reocclusions and amputations was significantly higher if the distal anastomosis involved the crural arteries (p < 0.02), or the graft was not autologous (p < 0.01). There was no statistical difference between early results of saphena and arm vein bypasses (p = 0.2). Thirty-six reoperations were performed for early graft failures. Either the patient's general condition or local findings did not allow reoperations in 17 patients with occluded graft, they were treated conservatively. Nine patients died after surgery (2.7%). In the postoperative period 21 major amputations were necessary (6.3%), in six cases the graft was patient. After reoperations 7 patients needed amputations (19.4%), in the 17 patients not reoperated on the second time, 8 amputations were necessary (47%), the difference is significant (p < 0.05). We are convinced about the importance of urgent reoperation in case of early graft occlusion. If the run-off to the distal arteries was doubtful intraoperative angiography was performed. When distal extension of the operation was necessary we tried to use autologous grafts. The amputation rate was significantly lower after reoperations if the cause of graft occlusion was found and corrected compared to simple thrombectomies (p < 0.05). PMID:12049009

Kaliszky, Péter; Gyurkovics, Endre; Nehéz, László; Nagy, Zoltán

2002-04-01

392

Robust Lane Sensing and Departure Warning under Shadows and Occlusions  

PubMed Central

A prerequisite for any system that enhances drivers' awareness of road conditions and threatening situations is the correct sensing of the road geometry and the vehicle's relative pose with respect to the lane despite shadows and occlusions. In this paper we propose an approach for lane segmentation and tracking that is robust to varying shadows and occlusions. The approach involves color-based clustering, the use of MSAC for outlier removal and curvature estimation, and also the tracking of lane boundaries. Lane boundaries are modeled as planar curves residing in 3D-space using an inverse perspective mapping, instead of the traditional tracking of lanes in the image space, i.e., the segmented lane boundary points are 3D points in a coordinate frame fixed to the vehicle that have a depth component and belong to a plane tangent to the vehicle's wheels, rather than 2D points in the image space without depth information. The measurement noise and disturbances due to vehicle vibrations are reduced using an extended Kalman filter that involves a 6-DOF motion model for the vehicle, as well as measurements about the road's banking and slope angles. Additional contributions of the paper include: (i) the comparison of textural features obtained from a bank of Gabor filters and from a GMRF model; and (ii) the experimental validation of the quadratic and cubic approximations to the clothoid model for the lane boundaries. The results show that the proposed approach performs better than the traditional gradient-based approach under different levels of difficulty caused by shadows and occlusions. PMID:23478598

Tapia-Espinoza, Rodolfo; Torres-Torriti, Miguel

2013-01-01

393

Bilateral Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion Associated with the Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome  

PubMed Central

A 39-year-old woman presented with a right-hemispheric stroke 1 year after she had suffered a left-hemispheric stroke. Her diagnostic workup was notable for bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries at their origins and a positive lupus anticoagulant antibody test. There was no evidence of carotid dissection or another identifiable cause for her carotid occlusions. These findings suggest that the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may be implicated in the pathological changes that resulted in occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid arteries. Young stroke patients who present with unexplained internal carotid artery occlusions may benefit from testing for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. PMID:24707268

Anand, Pria; Mann, Sharan K.; Fischbein, Nancy J.; Lansberg, Maarten G.

2014-01-01

394

Small bowel feces sign in association with occlusive mesenteric ischemia  

PubMed Central

Small bowel feces sign (SBFS) is a computed tomography (CT) finding that appears as fecal like material in dilated small bowel loops. This sign is usually seen in association with gradually progressive small bowel obstruction. We present a case of occlusive mesenteric ischemia in which the SBFS appeared on CT scan early on in the course of the disease. We put forward a suggested alternative mechanism to the appearance of this sign in association with mesenteric ischemia. The SBFS might have the potential to serve as an early sign of mesenteric ischemia on CT scan.

Bismar, Hayan A; Hamid, Abdullgabbar M

2014-01-01

395

Therapeutic ureteral occlusion in advanced pelvic malignant tumors  

SciTech Connect

A technique for ureteral occlusion, combining insertion of nylon plugs with injection of polidocanol, is described. The method was used in 15 patients with vesicovaginal fistulas after operation and irradiation for advanced gynecological malignancy, or with severe malfunction and fibrosis of the bladder after radiotherapy for bladder carcinoma. The urinary leakage ceased in 11 patients, was greatly diminished in 2 and was unchanged in 2. Migration of plugs to the renal pelvis was the most serious complication and may have been the cause of pyelonephritis in 1 case. The technique is recommended for patients with a short life expectancy and uncontrolled, distressing leakage of urine.

Kinn, A.C.; Ohlsen, H.; Brehmer-Andersson, E.; Brundin, J.

1986-01-01

396

[Comparative pharmacoeconomic analysis of prostanoids for peripheral arterial occlusive].  

PubMed

Peripheral arteries occlusive disease (PAOD) is a prevalent illness that needs improved pharmacological management, especially for patients not eligible for surgical revascularization. Prostanoids (alprostadil or iloprost) were shown to be effective in PAOD and critical limb ischemia (CLI) but are rather costly. The results of our pharmacoeconomic study (cost estimation based on randomized control trial results) showed that iloprost does not increase cost of treatment when only direct medical costs are taken into account. If indirect costs are included into the analysis iloprost saves up to 27 thousand rubles per patient. Clinical efficacy is still high. Thus iloprost is a better alternative than alprostadil for CLI. PMID:24300486

Avksent'eva, M V; Chupin, A V

2013-01-01

397

Contribution of nerve growth factor to upregulation of P2X3 expression in DRG neurons of rats with femoral artery occlusion  

PubMed Central

Femoral artery occlusion augments the sympathetic nerve and pressor responses to muscle contraction and muscle metabolites injected into the arterial blood supply of the hindlimb muscles in rats. The underlying mechanism by which these reflex responses are enhanced after muscle vascular insufficiency is unclear. Purinergic P2X3 receptor has been reported to contribute to the metabolic component of the exercise pressor reflex. Thus the purpose of this study was to examine if chronic femoral occlusion would alter the expression of P2X3 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats. Also, P2X3-mediated sympathetic responsiveness was examined after femoral occlusion. In addition, the role played by nerve growth factor (NGF) in regulating the expression and response of P2X3 was examined. Western blot analysis showed that 24 h of femoral ligation increased the levels of P2X3 (optical density: 0.93 ± 0.07 in control and 1.37 ± 0.10 after occlusion; P < 0.05 vs. control). The fluorescence immunohistochemistry further demonstrated that the occlusion elevated P2X3 expression in DRG neurons (percentage of P2X3-positive cells: 33 ± 3% in control and 51 ± 3% in occlusion; P < 0.05 vs. control). Furthermore, the results showed that responses of renal sympathetic nerve activity and blood pressure to stimulation of P2X were greater in occluded rats than responses in control rats by injection of ?,?-methylene ATP into the arterial blood supply of the hindlimb muscle. Finally, infusion of NGF in the hindlimb muscles of healthy rats increased P2X3 (optical density: 0.98 ± 0.12 in control and 1.37 ± 0.16 with NGF; P < 0.05 vs. control). The pressor response to injection of ?,?-methylene ATP was increased in the rats with NGF infusion. Likewise, blocking NGF attenuated exaggeration of the reflex response induced by ?,?-methylene ATP in occluded rats. The findings of this study suggest that the levels of P2X3 in primary afferent neurons are upregulated as the blood supply to the hindlimb is deficient under ischemic conditions, leading to augmentation of the muscle reflex. NGF is closely related to increases in P2X3 receptor expression and response. PMID:21642505

Liu, Jiahao; Li, Jialiu David; Lu, Jian; Xing, Jihong

2011-01-01

398

Regional pulmonary veno-occlusion: a newly identified lesion of equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage.  

PubMed

Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) is common in horses following intense exertion, occurring in up to 75% of racing Thoroughbreds and Standardbreds. In spite of this, the pathogenesis of EIPH is poorly understood. In 7 racing Thoroughbred horses with EIPH, 6 sections were collected from the left and right lung, representing the cranial, middle, and caudal region of the dorsal and ventral lung (84 sites total). Grossly, both right and left lungs had numerous dark brown to blue-black foci along the caudodorsal visceral pleura. Tissue sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and Prussian blue. Verhoeff Van Gieson and immunohistochemistry for alpha-smooth muscle actin were used to assess the pulmonary vasculature. Histologic scores (HS = 0-3) were assigned to each region/slide for the presence and severity of 5 findings: interstitial fibrosis, hemosiderin accumulation, pleural/interlobular septal thickness, arterial and venous wall thickness, and evidence of angiogenesis (maximum cumulative HS = 15). Thirty-nine of the 84 (46%) sections were histologically normal (HS = 0); 33/84 (39%) were mildly to moderately affected, with small amounts of hemosiderin and fibrosis (HS = 1-9) while 12/84 (14%), primarily from the dorsocaudal lung, had severe vascular remodeling, fibrosis, and hemosiderin accumulation (HS = 10-15). In the latter, veno-occlusive remodeling of the intralobular veins colocalized with hemosiderosis, fibrosis, hypertrophy of vessels within the pleura, and interlobular septa and bronchial neovascularization. We propose that regional veno-occlusive remodeling, especially within the caudodorsal lung fields, contributes to the pathogenesis of EIPH, with the venous remodeling leading to regional vascular congestion and hemorrhage, hemosiderin accumulation, fibrosis, and bronchial angiogenesis. PMID:18487488

Williams, K J; Derksen, F J; de Feijter-Rupp, H; Pannirselvam, R R; Steel, C M; Robinson, N E

2008-05-01

399

Early experience with the smart laser in the treatment of atherosclerotic occlusions.  

PubMed

A dual-laser system (helium-cadmium and pulsed dye) capable of continuous computer analysis of spectroscopic characteristics of tissue fluorescence, which can distinguish atherosclerotic plaque from components of normal arterial wall, was used to deliver laser energy to ablate plaque. During a 1-year period this system was used to facilitate balloon angioplasty of short (3 to 17 cm) total occlusions of the superficial femoral or popliteal arteries only when standard angioplasty techniques were ineffective. During the year of the study, in one institution 415 patients were subjected to arteriography of the lower extremities for leg ischemia (397 for limb salvage indications). Standard angioplasty techniques were used in 94 of these patients; 218 patients were unsuitable for standard angioplasty, did not fulfill criteria for "smart" laser treatment, and underwent standard bypass operations. Only 11 patients (plus six others in the second institution) requiring treatment fulfilled the criteria for use of the "smart" laser. In 10 patients the occluding lesion was traversed by the laser wire (diameter 0.021 inch), and luminal patency was effectively restored by balloon angioplasty to greater than or equal to 70% of the most normal-appearing segment of that artery. Satisfactory luminal patency has persisted for 2 to 12 months (mean 6 months) in nine patients; the lesion in the tenth patient restenosed at 3 months. The laser procedure was unsuccessful in all three patients with occlusions greater than 10 cm and in four others. Although there were three microperforations with the laser wire, there were no clinically significant complications.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1826807

Veith, F J; Bakal, C W; Cynamon, J; Gupta, S K; Keeley, J; Greenberg, M; Mennigus, M A; Wengerter, K R; Dietzek, A M

1991-05-01

400

Reactivity of Rat Basilar Artery to Serotonin after Short-Term Ischemia of Hindbrain and during Chronic Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contractile responses of the basilar artery to serotonin were examined in vitro on two models of circulation disturbances in the vertebrobasilar region of the brain. Two days after 30-min reversible occlusion of vertebral arteries, the sensitivity of the basilar artery to serotonin decreased, while chronic vertebrobasilar insufficiency had no effect on serotonin-induced contraction.

V. V. Sabadash; O. E. Fadyukova; V. B. Koshelev

2005-01-01

401

Trimeric HIV Env provides epitope occlusion mediated by hypervariable loops.  

PubMed

Hypervariable loops of HIV-1 Env protein gp120 are speculated to play roles in the conformational transition of Env to the receptor binding-induced metastable state. Structural analysis of full-length Env-based immunogens, containing the entire V2 loop, displayed tighter association between gp120 subunits, resulting in a smaller trimeric diameter than constructs lacking V2. A prominent basal quaternary location of V2 and V3' that challenges previous reports would facilitate gp41-independent gp120-gp120 interactions and suggests a quaternary mechanism of epitope occlusion facilitated by hypervariable loops. Deletion of V2 resulted in dramatic exposure of basal, membrane-proximal gp41 epitopes, consistent with its predicted basal location. The structural features of HIV-1 Env characterized here provide grounds for a paradigm shift in loop exposure and epitope occlusion, while providing substantive rationale for epitope display required for elicitation of broadly neutralizing antibodies, as well as substantiating previous pertinent literature disregarded in recent reports. PMID:25395053

Moscoso, Carlos G; Xing, Li; Hui, Jinwen; Hu, Jeffrey; Kalkhoran, Mohammad Baikoghli; Yenigun, Onur M; Sun, Yide; Paavolainen, Lassi; Martin, Loïc; Vahlne, Anders; Zambonelli, Carlo; Barnett, Susan W; Srivastava, Indresh K; Cheng, R Holland

2014-01-01

402

Occlusal effects on longitudinal bone alterations of the temporomandibular joint.  

PubMed

The pathological changes of subchondral bone during osteoarthritis (OA) development in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the longitudinal alterations of subchondral bone using a rat TMJ-OA model developed in our laboratory. Changes in bone mass were examined by micro-CT, and changes in osteoblast and osteoclast activities were analyzed by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and TRAP staining. Subchondral bone loss was detected from 8 weeks after dental occlusion alteration and reached the maximum at 12 weeks, followed by a repair phase until 32 weeks. Although bone mass increased at late stages, poor mechanical structure and lower bone mineral density (BMD) were found in these rats. The numbers of TRAP-positive cells were increased at 12 weeks, while the numbers of osteocalcin-expressing cells were increased at both 12 and 32 weeks. Levels of mRNA expression of TRAP and cathepsin K were increased at 12 weeks, while levels of ALP and osteocalcin were increased at both 12 and 32 weeks. These findings demonstrated that there is an active bone remodeling in subchondral bone in TMJs in response to alteration in occlusion, although new bone was formed with lower BMD and poor mechanical properties. PMID:23340211

Zhang, J; Jiao, K; Zhang, M; Zhou, T; Liu, X-D; Yu, S-B; Lu, L; Jing, L; Yang, T; Zhang, Y; Chen, D; Wang, M-Q

2013-03-01

403

Trimeric HIV Env provides epitope occlusion mediated by hypervariable loops  

PubMed Central

Hypervariable loops of HIV-1 Env protein gp120 are speculated to play roles in the conformational transition of Env to the receptor binding-induced metastable state. Structural analysis of full-length Env-based immunogens, containing the entire V2 loop, displayed tighter association between gp120 subunits, resulting in a smaller trimeric diameter than constructs lacking V2. A prominent basal quaternary location of V2 and V3? that challenges previous reports would facilitate gp41-independent gp120-gp120 interactions and suggests a quaternary mechanism of epitope occlusion facilitated by hypervariable loops. Deletion of V2 resulted in dramatic exposure of basal, membrane-proximal gp41 epitopes, consistent with its predicted basal location. The structural features of HIV-1 Env characterized here provide grounds for a paradigm shift in loop exposure and epitope occlusion, while providing substantive rationale for epitope display required for elicitation of broadly neutralizing antibodies, as well as substantiating previous pertinent literature disregarded in recent reports. PMID:25395053

Moscoso, Carlos G.; Xing, Li; Hui, Jinwen; Hu, Jeffrey; Kalkhoran, Mohammad Baikoghli; Yenigun, Onur M.; Sun, Yide; Paavolainen, Lassi; Martin, Loïc; Vahlne, Anders; Zambonelli, Carlo; Barnett, Susan W.; Srivastava, Indresh K.; Cheng, R. Holland

2014-01-01

404

The Mean Platelet Volume in Patients with Retinal Vein Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Background. The aim of this study was to investigate the mean platelet volume (MPV) of patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Methods. Hundred and ninty-three patients with the diagnosis of RVO and 83 healthy control subjects were included in this retrospective study. Retinal vein occlusion was diagnosed based on clinical examination. All patients and control subjects underwent complete ocular examination. MPV, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and platelet count of the participants were recorded. The data of patients with RVO was compared with the control subjects. Results. Patients with RVO had significantly higher MPV values (8.19 ± 1.22?fL) compared with the control subjects (7.68 ± 1.11?fL) (P = 0.004). No significant difference was found in platelet counts between RVO group and the control group (275.77 ± 70.87?109/L and 261.96 ± 59.40?109/L, resp., P = 0.161), Mean platelet volume was an independent predictor of RVO (odds ratio (OR) = 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09–1.89; P = 0.011). Conclusion. Our results demonstrated that the MPV values were significantly higher in patients with RVO, suggesting that larger platelets may contribute to the pathogenesis of the RVOs. PMID:23781328

Sahin, Muhammed; Yuksel, Harun; Turkcu, Fatih Mehmet; C?nar, Yasin; Cingu, Abdullah Kursat; Ar?, Seyhmus; Caca, Ihsan

2013-01-01

405

Health literacy and knowledge of chronic disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

We sought to examine the relationship between health literacy and knowledge of disease among patients with a chronic disease. A total of 653 new Medicare enrollees aged 65 years or older who had at least one chronic disease (115 asthma, 266 diabetes, 166 congestive heart failure, 214 hypertension), completed both the in-person and telephone survey. Health literacy measured by the

Julie A Gazmararian; Mark V Williams; Jennifer Peel; David W Baker

2003-01-01

406

Total body water and total body potassium in anorexia nervosa  

SciTech Connect

In the ill hospitalized patient with clinically relevant malnutrition, there is a measurable decrease in the ratio of the total body potassium to total body water (TBK/TBW) and a detectable increase in the ratio of total exchangeable sodium to total exchangeable potassium (Nae/Ke). To evaluate body composition analyses in anorexia nervosa patients with chronic uncomplicated semistarvation, TBK and TBW were measured by whole body K40 counting and deuterium oxide dilution in 10 females with stable anorexia nervosa and 10 age-matched female controls. The ratio of TBK/TBW was significantly (p less than 0.05) higher in anorexia nervosa patients than controls. The close inverse correlation found in published studies between TBK/TBW and Nae/Ke together with our results suggest that in anorexia nervosa, Nae/Ke may be low or normal. A decreased TBK/TBW is not a good indicator of malnutrition in the anorexia nervosa patient. The use of a decreased TBK/TBW ratio or an elevated Nae/Ke ratio as a definition of malnutrition may result in inappropriate nutritional management in the patient with severe nonstressed chronic semistarvation.

Dempsey, D.T.; Crosby, L.O.; Lusk, E.; Oberlander, J.L.; Pertschuk, M.J.; Mullen, J.L.

1984-08-01

407

Falloposcopic tuboplasty for bilateral tubal occlusion. A novel infertility treatment as an alternative for in-vitro fertilization?  

PubMed

The linear everting (LE) catheter has been developed to safely guide a Falloposcope into the entire length of Fallopian tube in order to observe the tubal lumen. It may also be useful therapeutically for the recanalization of occluded tubes. Fifty infertility patients who had been diagnosed with proximal, mid and distal tubal occlusion by hysterosalpingogram, Rubin test and hysteroscopic selective hydrotubation, were selected to undergo Falloposcopic tuboplasty (FT). Patients having hydrosalpinges were excluded from the study group. The total number of tubes treated was 102 during 53 FT procedures. On the basis of tubes attempted, the LE catheter successfully accessed 85.3% (87/102). A follow-up hysterosalpingogram was completed 1-3 months following the FT procedure, which revealed an overall patency rate of 79.4% (81/102). During FT, a high incidence of multiple adhesions was observed in the entire length of tubal lumen in patients having bilateral occlusions. To date, the total number of pregnancies following FT treatment is 11 over a follow-up period of 2 months to 3 years. FT has been established as a highly useful, less invasive and novel treatment for tubal infertility. This technique may be useful in selected patients with tubal infertility. PMID:9512231

Sueoka, K; Asada, H; Tsuchiya, S; Kobayashi, N; Kuroshima, M; Yoshimura, Y

1998-01-01

408

Comparing Outcomes of Two Vascular Inflow Occlusion Techniques and Treatment without Vascular Occlusion during Major Hepatectomy in Patients with Hepatitis B-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Background Significant hemorrhage together with blood transfusion has negative impact on postoperative morbidity, mortality, and long-term survival of liver resection. Various techniques of vascular occlusion have been developed to reduce intraoperative blood loss. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of Pringle maneuver, hemi-hepatic vascular occlusion, and treatment without vascular occlusion used during liver resection. Method Data of 574 patients with Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), who underwent major hepatectomy between January 2009 to March 2013 by Pringle maneuver (N?=?158), hemi-hepatic vascular inflow occlusion (N?=?216), or without any vascular occlusion (N?=?200), were included in this retrospective study. Perioperative blood transfusion, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative liver function, and surgical complications were analyzed and compared between the three groups. Result There were no significant difference observed in postoperative bilirubin, liver enzyme, and albumin levels between three groups (P>0.05). 5 patients (2.5%) in no occlusion group, 2 (1.3%) in Pringle group, and 8 (3.7%) in hemi-hepatic group had liver failure; but, there were no differences (P>0.05). The overall postoperative complications rate between three groups did not reach significant differences (33.5% vs 34.2% vs 42.6%, respectively; P>0.05). However, significant differences in intraoperative blood loss between no occlusion group (638.2±426.8 ml) and Pringle group (518.0±451.0 ml) or hemi-hepatic group (513.0±366.7 ml) (P<0.01). Conclusion Although there were no differences found between three groups regarding postoperative complications rate, no vascular occlusion group had more blood loss than the other two groups during liver resection. PMID:25203056

Huang, Zhiping; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Haiqing; Yan, Lunan; Wang, Wentao

2014-01-01

409

Effect of Early and Delayed Recanalization on Infarct Pattern in Proximal Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To investigate the effect of early (<6 h) versus delayed (>6 h) recanalization on infarct pattern in acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Methods: 35 patients with acute MCA occlusion (M1 segment; symptom onset <6 h) were analyzed. Stroke MRI was performed immediately after admission (day 0), and on days 1 and 7. In addition, vessel status was assessed

Marek Humpich; Oliver C. Singer; Richard du Mesnil de Rochemont; Christian Foerch; Heiner Lanfermann; Tobias Neumann-Haefelin

2006-01-01

410

Free radicals and brain damage due to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion: the effect of dimethylthiourea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess whether dimethylthiourea (DMTU), an established free radical scavenger, ameliorates ischaemic damage due to 2–3 h of transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, induced by an intraluminal filament. A major point adressed was whether DMTU given before MCA occlusion only delayed the “maturation” of the damage, or if it had a lasting effect

Yoshihiro Kiyota; Kerstin Pahlmark; Hajime Memezawa; Maj-Lis Smith; Bo K. Siesjö

1993-01-01

411

Temporal Profile of In Situ DNA Fragmentation After Transient Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion in the Rat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: We measured the temporal profile and anatomic distribution of cells exhibiting DNA fragmentation at various durations of reperfusion after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced in male Wistar rats (n = 62) using an intraluminal monofilament blockade of the MCA. After 2 h of MCA occlusion, the animals were killed at different

Yi Li; Michael Chopp; Ning Jiang; Fayi Yao; Cecylia Zaloga

1995-01-01

412

Supplemental Material "The smallest stroke: Occlusion of one penetrating vessel leads to infarction and a cognitive  

E-print Network

Supplemental Material "The smallest stroke: Occlusion of one penetrating vessel leads to infarction vessel leads to infarction and a cognitive deficit" by Andy Y. Shih, Pablo Blinder, Philbert S. Tsai smallest stroke: Occlusion of one penetrating vessel leads to infarction and a cognitive deficit" by Andy Y

Kleinfeld, David

413

EFFETS DE LA MALADIE DE PARKINSON SUR LA RALISATION ACOUSTIQUE DES OCCLUSIVES DU FRANAIS LU  

E-print Network

EFFETS DE LA MALADIE DE PARKINSON SUR LA R�ALISATION ACOUSTIQUE DES OCCLUSIVES DU FRAN�AIS LU'affaiblissement des occlusives en français dans la parole de personnes atteintes de la maladie de Parkinson. Les Parkinson, est influencé par les caractéristiques articulatoires inhérentes des consonnes. Mots

Boyer, Edmond

414

[Video endoscopy-assisted saphenous vein occlusion--minimal invasive concept for treatment of varicose veins].  

PubMed

Videoendoscopy-assisted saphena occlusion (VASO) is an minimally invasive technique for the treatment of varicosis with crossectomy, dissection of perforating veins and occlusion of the saphena by endoscopic control. The advantages are lower level of pain, remobilisation without problems, and fewer complications of wound healing. Early results correspond to stripping. PMID:9102018

Klose, G; Weber, B

1996-01-01

415

A case of acute brachial artery occlusion after transradial coronary intervention  

PubMed Central

In 2010, a 49-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with chest pain. Angiography via the radial approach was performed. Acute brachial artery occlusion was present after the procedure. By transcatheter thrombolysis, brachial artery occlusion was recanalized. Transcatheter thrombolysis seemed to be effective and safe. PMID:24570715

Sang, Zhenchi; Jin, Huigen

2013-01-01