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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

45 CFR 502.1 - Organization and authority-Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States nationals against foreign governments for compensation...agreements or through liquidation of foreign assets in the United States...internal management of the affairs of the Commission, including...the Administrative Officer, Foreign Claims Settlement...

2012-10-01

2

45 CFR 502.1 - Organization and authority-Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States nationals against foreign governments for compensation...agreements or through liquidation of foreign assets in the United States...internal management of the affairs of the Commission, including...the Administrative Officer, Foreign Claims Settlement...

2011-10-01

3

32 CFR 536.143 - Settlement authority of Foreign Claims Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...considered by a one-member or three-member FCC, the claimed amount will be converted...rate, where applicable). However, the FCC's jurisdiction to approve is determined...of the U.S. dollar has decreased, the FCC will forward the recommendation to a...

2013-07-01

4

Insurance Fraud and Optimal Claims Settlement Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the optimal claims settlement strategy for a liability insurer when claimants can permanently misrepresent their losses by engaging in costly claims falsification. In this environment, claims auditing is not a possible deterrent to fraud, and the settlement strategy consists of an indemnification profile that relates the insurance payment to the claimed amount of loss. The optimal indemnification profile

Sharon Tennyson

2002-01-01

5

An Old Road Rapidly Aging? The Settlement of Apollo's Long-Standing False Claims Act Lawsuit and the Changing Appeal of Commission-Based Recruitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last month, higher education company the Apollo Group, Inc. (Apollo) confirmed that it entered into an agreement with the United States (US) federal government to resolve a long-standing lawsuit concerning its subsidiary, the for-profit University of Phoenix (Phoenix). Originating in 2003, the False Claims Act lawsuit filed by university officials…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

6

An Old Road Rapidly Aging? The Settlement of Apollo's Long-Standing False Claims Act Lawsuit and the Changing Appeal of Commission-Based Recruitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Last month, higher education company the Apollo Group, Inc. (Apollo) confirmed that it entered into an agreement with the United States (US) federal government to resolve a long-standing lawsuit concerning its subsidiary, the for-profit University of Phoenix (Phoenix). Originating in 2003, the False Claims Act lawsuit filed by university…

Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

7

Settlement Reached for Qualified Health Claims Relating ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Selenium may reduce the risk of colon and rectal cancer. Scientific evidence concerning this claim is inconclusive. Based ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

8

22 CFR 23.5 - Claims for settlement by Department of State or General Accounting Office.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...by Department of State or General Accounting Office. 23.5 Section 23...STATE FEES AND FUNDS FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING § 23.5 Claims for settlement by Department of State or General Accounting Office. Claims for...

2013-04-01

9

The Blocked Chinese Assets– United States Claims Problem: The LumpSum Settlement Solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews briefly the origins of the blocked assets-claims problem and discusses the authority for the original blocking controls and later claims adjudication. Also examines in detail the operative provisions of the claims-assets agreement as an intergovernmental accord embodying the final settlement of the United States claims and affecting the overall context of Sino-American political and economical relations.

Charlene M. Levie

1979-01-01

10

50 CFR 12.25 - Transfers in settlement of civil penalty claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Forfeiture Proceedings § 12.25 Transfers in settlement of civil penalty claims....

2011-10-01

11

50 CFR 12.25 - Transfers in settlement of civil penalty claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Forfeiture Proceedings § 12.25 Transfers in settlement of civil penalty claims....

2012-10-01

12

15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the regulations (28 CFR Part 14). (d) Designees hereunder are responsible for the control over and expeditious handling of claims, bearing in mind the applicable statutory time limitations for adjudications of claims. [32 FR...

2012-01-01

13

15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the regulations (28 CFR Part 14). (d) Designees hereunder are responsible for the control over and expeditious handling of claims, bearing in mind the applicable statutory time limitations for adjudications of claims. [32 FR...

2013-01-01

14

31 CFR 535.441 - Settlement Agreement regarding small claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Award No. 483 of June 22, 1990 of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, approving...constitutes a determination by the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal...of claims of U.S. nationals against Iran. (b) Pursuant to the...

2013-07-01

15

Land Claims and Native Manpower. Staffing Regional and Village Corporations under Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory examination of the professional, technical, and clerical manpower needs of Alaskan regional and village corporations established under the Native Land Claims Settlement Act, this report recognized that critical staffing needs can only be met by carefully designed educational and training programs. The staffing demand analyses were,…

Kleinfeld, Judith; And Others

16

32 CFR 536.141 - Composition of Foreign Claims Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Foreign Claims Commissions. (a) Normally, an FCC will be composed of either one or three members...clearly designate the president of a three-member FCC. Two members of a three-member FCC will constitute a quorum, and the FCC's...

2013-07-01

17

45 CFR 504.4 - Place of filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED FILING OF CLAIMS AND PROCEDURES...in person to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, 600 E Street, NW, Room 6002, Washington, DC...

2011-10-01

18

45 CFR 504.4 - Place of filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED FILING OF CLAIMS AND PROCEDURES...in person to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, 600 E Street, NW, Room 6002, Washington, DC...

2012-10-01

19

25 CFR 292.5 - When can gaming occur on newly acquired lands under a settlement of a land claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false When can gaming occur on newly acquired lands under a settlement of a land claim? 292.5 Section 292.5 Indians ...INTERIOR ECONOMIC ENTERPRISES GAMING ON TRUST LANDS ACQUIRED AFTER OCTOBER 17, 1988 Exceptions...

2011-04-01

20

INDIGENOUS LAND TENURE AND LAND USE IN ALASKA: COMMUNITY IMPACTS OF THE ALASKA NATIVE CLAIMS SETTLEMENT ACT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the utilization of qualitative methods such as archival analysis, semi-structured interviewing, comparative and extended case studies, and observation, this paper closely examines two related Alaska Native communities. Our purpose is to document the impact of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (ANCSA) on land tenure, land use, and community structure. In all, 41 interviews were conducted, focusing

Harvey M. Jacobs; Brian H. Hirsch

1998-01-01

21

32 CFR 536.142 - Qualification of members of Foreign Claims Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Commissions. Normally, a member of an FCC will be either a commissioned officer...At least two members of a three-member FCC must be JAs or claims attorneys. In exigent...of the armed forces may be appointed to an FCC, subject to prior approval by the...

2013-07-01

22

23 CFR 635.124 - Participation in contract claim awards and settlements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...details of the claim at an early stage so that coordination of efforts can be satisfactorily accomplished. It is expected that STDs will diligently pursue the satisfactory resolution of claims within a reasonable period of time. Claims arising on exempt...

2013-04-01

23

7 CFR 1956.147 - Debt settlement under the Federal Claims Collection Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4) If the Administrator concurs with the recommendation for the debt settlement, it will be referred by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 National Office to OGC for referral to the...

2013-01-01

24

Alaska Native Water Rights as Affected by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A strong legal claim exists for retained Native water rights on Alaska Native-selected lands which are paramount to subsequent competing users. Water rights are critical to the maintenance of Native subsistence economies and continued commercial developments. These water rights can and must be asserted and secured now. (Author/JC)

Stoebner, Kerry; And Others

1978-01-01

25

Interim Policy on Settlement of CERCLA Section 106(b)(1) Penalty Claims and Section 107(c)(3) Punitive Damages Claims for Noncompliance with Administrative Orders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Calculating Section 106(b)(1) Civil Penalties for Settlement (Overview of the Penalty Calculation Process, Step 1: Selecting the Per Day Penalty, Step 2: Determining the Total Penalty, Step 3: Final Adjustments); Calculating Section 107(c)(3) Pu...

1997-01-01

26

32 CFR 750.54 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. 750.54 Section...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental...

2009-07-01

27

32 CFR 750.54 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. 750.54 Section...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental...

2010-07-01

28

32 CFR 536.80 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. 536.80 Section...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental technicians,...

2013-07-01

29

32 CFR 750.54 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. 750.54 Section...judgments related to certain medical or legal malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental...

2013-07-01

30

32 CFR 536.80 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. 536.80 Section...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental technicians,...

2010-07-01

31

32 CFR 536.80 - Payment of costs, settlements, and judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. 536.80 Section...judgments related to certain medical malpractice claims. (a) General...supporting personnel (including medical and dental technicians,...

2009-07-01

32

25 CFR 292.5 - When can gaming occur on newly acquired lands under a settlement of a land claim?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When can gaming occur on newly acquired lands under a...THE INTERIOR ECONOMIC ENTERPRISES GAMING ON TRUST LANDS ACQUIRED AFTER OCTOBER 17, 1988 Exceptions to Prohibitions on Gaming on Newly Acquired Lands Settlement...

2013-04-01

33

32 CFR 536.140 - Appointment and functions of Foreign Claims Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of such unit's operations. Any FCC operating in, or adjudicating claims...service's legal and procedural rules. (c) An FCC may operate as an integral part...and maintain its records. Where an FCC does not operate as part of a...

2013-07-01

34

29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission...EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII...AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of...

2013-07-01

35

A New Pension Settlement for the Twenty-First Century? The UK Pensions Commission's Analysis and Proposals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the analysis and recommendations of the UK Pensions Commission, which reported in November 2005. The UK faces similar demographic challenges to other nations from increasing longevity and past fertility declines. However, in the face of them, both state and private pension provision are in decline for younger cohorts. The Commission proposes reforms to the state pension system

John Hills

2006-01-01

36

Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

Building managers often find that HVAC, lighting and other systems in new buildings need adjustments and modifications. The owner, architect and contractor may mistakenly assume that all of a building`s systems--architectural, mechanical, control and electrical--function according to the design intent. Thus, energy managers can optimize their building`s performance through commissioning, a process that looks for and corrects the defects in a building` operating system or design, immediately before and after it is occupied (following construction or renovation).

Huta, L.G.

1995-12-01

37

75 FR 54175 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...of surface estate for certain lands to Koyuk Native Corporation, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface...

2010-09-03

38

76 FR 57759 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Sitnasuak Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2011-09-16

39

77 FR 59220 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000- KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Council Native Corporation. The decision approves only...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2012-09-26

40

76 FR 43340 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...Corporation, Successor in Interest to Newhalen Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The...

2011-07-20

41

75 FR 43198 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...surface estate for certain lands to Aleknagik Natives Limited, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface...

2010-07-23

42

76 FR 75899 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK964000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...appealable decision to Chignik Lagoon Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2011-12-05

43

75 FR 13296 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK964000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...estate in certain lands pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act to Manokotak Natives Limited. The subsurface estate in these...

2010-03-19

44

78 FR 7807 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK944000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...of Land Management (BLM) to Sitnasuak Native Corporation. The decision approves the...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43...

2013-02-04

45

Governance and Aboriginal Claims in Northern Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on problems of organization and governance that may follow settlement of Canadian aboriginal land claims. Compares financial problems, cultural issues such as subsistence lifestyles, and intergovernmental relations following the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, and Western Arctic (Inuvialuit)…

Cozzetto, Don

1990-01-01

46

17 CFR 10.103 - Oral argument before the Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Oral argument before the Commission. 10...Commission; Settlements § 10.103 Oral argument before the Commission. (a...in writing for the opportunity to present oral argument before the Commission,...

2013-04-01

47

32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Act, are payable under the MCA. (5) Health care and Legal Assistance Providers. Claims arising from the personal liability of DON health care and legal assistance personnel for costs, settlements, or judgments for...

2013-07-01

48

75 FR 53331 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to Hadohdleekaga, Incorporated, for the Native village of Hughes, Alaska, pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act...K'oyitl'ots'ina, Limited. The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian,...

2010-08-31

49

32 CFR 537.15 - Statutory authority for maritime claims and claims involving civil works of a maritime nature.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. 537.15 Section 537.15 National...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature. (a) The Army Maritime Claims Settlement...claims involving civil works of a maritime nature is set out at 33 U.S.C....

2013-07-01

50

The Potential of Expanded Arbitration in Resolving Title VII Claims in Light of Alexander v. Gardner-Denver and New Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential Title VII financial liability, not only for lawyer's fees and court costs, but also for back pay awards, should provide the needed stimulus for union and management to accept altered arbitration as a method of resolving employment discrimination claims. Altered arbitration would be an effective way to limit their financial liability.…

Boyer, Laura G.

1976-01-01

51

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2009-01-01

52

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2010-01-01

53

16 CFR 460.21 - Government claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Government claims. 460...COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.21 Government claims. Do not say or imply that a government agency uses,...

2013-01-01

54

76 FR 47234 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLAK965000-L14100000-KC0000-P] Alaska Native Claims Selection AGENCY: Bureau of Land...issue an appealable decision to Togiak Natives Limited. The decision approves the surface...for conveyance pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The...

2011-08-04

55

47 CFR 64.1001 - Requests to modify international settlements arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS International Settlements...1) Has not bargained for, nor has knowledge of, exclusive availability of the...

2012-10-01

56

47 CFR 64.1001 - Requests to modify international settlements arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS International Settlements...1) Has not bargained for, nor has knowledge of, exclusive availability of the...

2011-10-01

57

31 CFR 535.222 - Suspension of claims eligible for Claims Tribunal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...States Claims Tribunal under the terms of Article II of the Declaration of the Government of the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Concerning the Settlement of Claims by the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the...

2013-07-01

58

14 CFR 1261.312 - Action on approved claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OF MONETARY CLAIMS (GENERAL) Claims Against NASA or Its Employees for Damage to or Loss of Property or Personal Injury or Death-Accruing On or After January 18, 1967 § 1261.312 Action on approved claims. (a) Upon settlement of a...

2012-01-01

59

77 FR 14686 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...administrative claims of patent and copyright infringement by NASA. In...and interests in patents and copyrights through settlement of claims...settle claims of patent and copyright infringement pursuant to 22...with rights in patents and copyrights, but which will not be...

2012-03-13

60

76 FR 44504 - Claims for Patent and Copyright Infringement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...administrative claims of patent and copyright infringement by NASA. In...and interests in patents and copyrights through settlement of claims...settle claims of patent and copyright infringement pursuant to 22...with rights in patents and copyrights, but which will not be...

2011-07-26

61

14 CFR 440.19 - United States payment of excess third-party liability claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States payment of excess third-party liability claims. 440.19...United States payment of excess third-party liability claims. (a) The...litigation or settlement) of a third party against a licensee, a...

2013-01-01

62

Plant Stanols and Plant Sterols and Blood LDL-Cholesterol Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic Products Nutrition and Allergies on a request from the European Commission and a similar request from France in relation to the authorization procedure for health claims on plant stanols and plant sterols and lowering\\/reducing blood LDL-cholesterol  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Following a request from the European Commission and a similar request from France, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver a scientific advice in relation to the authorisation procedure for health claims on plant stanols and plant sterols and lowering\\/reducing blood cholesterol pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006. The quantities of

Jean-Louis Bresson; Albert Flynn; Marina Heinonen; Karin Hulshof; Hannu Korhonen; Pagona Lagiou; Rosangela Marchelli; Ambroise Martin; Bevan Moseley; Hildegard Przyrembel; Seppo Salminen; Stephan Strobel; Inge Tetens; Henk van den Berg; Hendrik van Loveren; Hans Verhagen

2009-01-01

63

Indian water rights settlements and water management innovations: The role of the Arizona Water Settlements Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American southwest, over-allocated water supplies, groundwater depletion, and potential climate change impacts are major water management concerns. It may therefore seem counterintuitive that the resolution of outstanding senior tribal water claims, essentially reallocating finite water supplies to tribes, could support improved water supply reliability for many water users as is the case with the 2004 Arizona Water Settlements

Rosalind H. Bark; Katharine L. Jacobs

2009-01-01

64

76 FR 53151 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...below pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.). The lands are in the vicinity of Hughes, Alaska, and are located in: Kateel River Meridian, Alaska T. 7 N., R. 21 E., Secs. 24 and 25. Containing...

2011-08-25

65

78 FR 49763 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-08-15

66

78 FR 35047 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-06-11

67

78 FR 57411 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-09-18

68

78 FR 54481 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-09-04

69

78 FR 42543 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-07-16

70

76 FR 81524 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The lands...appeal in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, shall be...

2011-12-28

71

78 FR 7807 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-02-04

72

78 FR 26064 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-05-03

73

78 FR 8581 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq). The subsurface...decision in accordance with the requirements of 43 CFR part 4 within the following time...

2013-02-06

74

78 FR 10634 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: As required by 43 CFR 2650.7(d), notice is hereby given...the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.). The subsurface...in: Copper River Meridian, Alaska T. 43 S., R. 62 E., Sec. 33....

2013-02-14

75

75 FR 41511 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management (BLM) will issue an appealable decision approving the conveyance of surface and subsurface estates for certain lands to Cook Inlet Region, Inc., pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and the Act of January 2, 1976. The lands are...

2010-07-16

76

75 FR 57493 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eklutna, Inc., pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The subsurface estate in these lands will be conveyed to Cook Inlet Region, Inc. when the surface estate is conveyed to Eklutna, Inc. The lands are in the vicinity of Birchwood,...

2010-09-21

77

Insurance coverage for employment-related claims  

SciTech Connect

This article analyzes the principal coverage issues arising under CGL policies for employment-related claims. Section I discusses the bases of the duty to defend and the duty to idemnify in the key CGL policy provisions at issue, including the bodily injury and personal injury coverages. Section II examines the three provisions in CGL policies typically raised as defenses to coverage for employment-related claims and two public policy considerations that may affect claims for coverage. The duty to defend is given closer crutiny in section III. Finally, in section IV the effects of settlement on coverage are discussed. 106 refs.

Scheuermann, J.E. [Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1993-12-31

78

Environmental Issues in the Land Claims: One of a Series of Articles on the Native Land Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As one in a series of eight articles written by different professionals concerned with Alaska Native land claims, this article focuses on the debate of environmental issues prior to passage of the Alaska Land Claims Settlement Act. Designed to stimulate careful political/historical reading and discussion at an advanced secondary or adult level,…

Martin, Guy

79

ARCO and Sun agree to settle Iranian claims  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that ARCO and Sun Co. Inc. have agreed to separate settlements totaling almost $261 million that resolve their claims over oil field assets expropriated by Iran in 1978--80. The agreements are subject to approval by the Iran-U.S. claims tribunal at The Hague. The tribunal was set up in 1981 to resolve foreign claims to assets nationalized by the government of Ayatollah Khomeini following the fall of the Shah of Iran as a result of the 1978-79 Iranian revolution. The settlements are seen as the latest steps Iran has taken to normalize relations with the U.S., notably through petroleum related deals.

Not Available

1992-08-24

80

15 CFR 719.19 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...19 Settlement. (a) Settlements before issuance of a NOVA. When the parties have agreed to a settlement of the...applicable law. (b) Settlements following issuance of a NOVA. The parties may enter into settlement...

2013-01-01

81

Indian water rights settlements and water management innovations: The role of the Arizona Water Settlements Act  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the American southwest, over-allocated water supplies, groundwater depletion, and potential climate change impacts are major water management concerns. It may therefore seem counterintuitive that the resolution of outstanding senior tribal water claims, essentially reallocating finite water supplies to tribes, could support improved water supply reliability for many water users as is the case with the 2004 Arizona Water Settlements Act. The large size of the settlement and its multiple components translate to significant impacts on water policy in Arizona. Key water management solutions incorporated into the settlement and associated legislation have expanded the water manager's "toolbox" and are expected to enhance water supply reliability both within and outside Arizona's active management areas. Many of these new tools are transferable to water management applications in other states.

Bark, Rosalind H.; Jacobs, Katharine L.

2009-05-01

82

Letting Billions Slip Through Your Fingers: Empirical Evidence and Legal Implications of the Failure of Financial Institutions to Participate in Securities Class Action Settlements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of an empirical investigation of the frequency with which financial institutions submit claims in settled securities class actions. We combine an empirical study of a large set of settlements with the results of a survey of institutional investors about their claims filing practices. Our sample for the first part of the analysis contains 118 settlements

James D. Cox

2006-01-01

83

5 CFR 180.108 - Settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will not exceed the cost of the articles tendered in barter. No reimbursement will be made for articles acquired in black market or other prohibited activities. (h) Replacement. Replacement of damaged or lost property may be made in...

2009-01-01

84

5 CFR 180.108 - Settlement of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will not exceed the cost of the articles tendered in barter. No reimbursement will be made for articles acquired in black market or other prohibited activities. (h) Replacement. Replacement of damaged or lost property may be made in...

2010-01-01

85

29 CFR 2200.120 - Settlement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the settlement proceeding may not be used in litigation unless obtained through appropriate discovery...settlement the parties have reached. (2) At the termination of the settlement period without a full settlement, the Chief...

2013-07-01

86

Juries and Medical Malpractice Claims: Empirical Facts versus Myths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Juries in medical malpractice trials are viewed as incompetent, antidoctor, irresponsible in awarding damages to patients,\\u000a and casting a threatening shadow over the settlement process. Several decades of systematic empirical research yields little\\u000a support for these claims. This article summarizes those findings. Doctors win about three cases of four that go to trial.\\u000a Juries are skeptical about inflated claims. Jury

Neil Vidmar

2009-01-01

87

Nutrient Content Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Final Rule: Food Labeling; Nutrient Content Claims, Expanded Use of the Nutrient Content Claim, "Lean" January 12, 2007. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

88

Designers of Human Settlements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed herein are the ideas of nine men who have addressed themselves to the problems of human settlements in this century. The ideas reviewed include those of Arnold Toynbee, Lewis Mumford, Hassan Fathy, Buckminster Fuller, Constantinos Doxiadis, Charles Correa, Paul Mwaluko, Robert McNamara and John F. C. Turner. (BT)

Cliff, Ursula

1976-01-01

89

Designers of Human Settlements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviewed herein are the ideas of nine men who have addressed themselves to the problems of human settlements in this century. The ideas reviewed include those of Arnold Toynbee, Lewis Mumford, Hassan Fathy, Buckminster Fuller, Constantinos Doxiadis, Charles Correa, Paul Mwaluko, Robert McNamara and John F. C. Turner. (BT)|

Cliff, Ursula

1976-01-01

90

Twenty Years of Evidence on the Outcomes of Malpractice Claims  

PubMed Central

Two decades of social science research on the outcomes of medical malpractice claims show malpractice outcomes bear a surprisingly good correlation with the quality of care provided to the patient as judged by other physicians. Physicians win 80% to 90% of the jury trials with weak evidence of medical negligence, approximately 70% of the borderline cases, and even 50% of the trials in cases with strong evidence of medical negligence. With only one exception, all of the studies of malpractice settlements also find a correlation between the odds of a settlement payment and the quality of care provided to the plaintiff. Between 80% and 90% of the claims rated as defensible are dropped or dismissed without payment. In addition, the amount paid in settlement drops as the strength of the patient’s evidence weakens.

2008-01-01

91

Advertising Claim Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the effectiveness of nondata implied superiority claims to data, implied superiority claims for a low-involvement consumer package good. Two experiments, con- ducted in a naturalistic environment, measured consumer response at five points along an advertisingJproduct evaluation hierarchy. No differences were found between claim types. The findings further suggest that consumers are not misled by implied superiority claims.

Charles H. Patti

1995-01-01

92

Processing exaggerated advertising claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government policymakers allow advertisers to use wildly exaggerated, fanciful or vague claims for a product or service because they believe that nobody could possibly treat the claims seriously or be misled by them. The results demonstrate that although consumers are able to identify exaggerated claims as less credible than factual claims, their brand evaluations are inflated after exposure to exaggerated

Elizabeth Cowley

2006-01-01

93

61 FR 18600 - Extension of Time; Comprehensive Review of ``Made in USA'' Claims  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Time; Comprehensive Review of ``Made in USA'' Claims AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission...conducting a comprehensive review of ``Made in USA'' claims in product advertising and labeling...Submissions should be captioned: ``Made in USA Policy Comment,'' FTC File No....

1996-04-26

94

The Effects of Seeking Punitive Damages on the Processing of Tort Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Punitive damages are a controversial aspect of tort litigation and have been the subjct of numerous theoretical, empirical, and experimental studies. Critics have argued that the uncertainty and unpredictability that punitive damages claims inject into a case may increase the rate and amount of settlements and carry systemic consequences for the general processing of tort claims. This paper represents the

Thomas A. Eaton; David B. Mustard; Susette M. Talarico

2005-01-01

95

Malpractice Payouts and Malpractice Insurance: Evidence from Texas Closed Claims, 1990–2003&ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using medical malpractice claims with payments of $25,000 or more that closed in Texas from 1990 to 2003, this study quantifies physicians' insurance limits and examines the connection between policy size and payments on claims. It finds that most physicians had less than $1 million (nominal) in coverage, that real policy size declined, that settlements at the policy limits were

Charles Silver; Kathryn Zeiler; Bernard S. Black; David A. Hyman; William M. Sage

2008-01-01

96

45 CFR 509.3 - Exhibits and documents in support of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER THE INTERNATIONAL CLAIMS SETTLEMENT ACT OF 1949, AS AMENDED...custodian. (b) Documents in a foreign language. Each copy of a document, exhibit...filed, which is written or printed in a language other than English, must be...

2012-10-01

97

45 CFR 509.3 - Exhibits and documents in support of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, AND PAYMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER THE INTERNATIONAL CLAIMS SETTLEMENT ACT OF 1949, AS AMENDED...custodian. (b) Documents in a foreign language. Each copy of a document, exhibit...filed, which is written or printed in a language other than English, must be...

2011-10-01

98

Court Review: Volume 42, Issue 3-4 - A Profile of Settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ninety-eight percent of civil cases settle,1 right? Well, not exactly. Although claims of settlement rates of 90% and above are cited frequently, settlement rates really are not that high. Many commentators start with an accurate picture of low, single-digit trial rates (typically 2%-3%), but then they inappropriately assume the inverse—namely, that all the remaining cases are settled. Commentators ignore the

John Barkai; Elizabeth Kent; Pamela Martin

2006-01-01

99

Evaluating a Surprising Claim  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A television advertisement and a website1 present an interesting question: can rail company CSX really move a ton of freight 468 miles on a gallon of fuel, or is the claim preposterous? Let us examine the claim, first by understanding what is meant, looking at their data, and then converting units to examine the claim quantitatively.

Hayden, Howard C.

2013-11-01

100

Consumer Perceptions of Health Claims in Advertisements and Food Labels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of sample of 180 women, 60 received information from ads, 60 from product labels, and 60 from labels with nutrition information. Beliefs about products did not differ whether health claims appeared in ads or on labels. Nutrition information influenced beliefs. Health claims challenged by the Federal Trade Commission or consumer groups were less…

Mazis, Michael B.; Raymond, Mary Anne

1997-01-01

101

Consumer Perceptions of Health Claims in Advertisements and Food Labels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of sample of 180 women, 60 received information from ads, 60 from product labels, and 60 from labels with nutrition information. Beliefs about products did not differ whether health claims appeared in ads or on labels. Nutrition information influenced beliefs. Health claims challenged by the Federal Trade Commission or consumer groups were less…

Mazis, Michael B.; Raymond, Mary Anne

1997-01-01

102

Settlement Behavior of Compacted Oklahoma Soils.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Numerous highway embankments experience post-construction settlement problems, such as bridge approach settlement that results in the 'bump at the end of the bridge'. One of the causes may be wetting-induced collapse settlement or simply, collapse settlem...

Y. Y. Lim G. A. Miller K. Kanthasamy K. Muraleetharan

2003-01-01

103

Settlement-Compatible Lunar Transporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years we have published papers in this forum identifying, characterizing and advocating settlement-compatible transportation architectures for Mars. In the present paper, we do the same for the Moon and show evolutionary potentials for growth of lunar architectures into Mars architectures of the types discussed in our previous papers. The essence of a settlement-compatible architecture is that

G. Morgenthaler

2002-01-01

104

Who Wins in Settlement Negotiations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When lawsuits are resolved out of court, what determines the settlement price? This article uses a laboratory simulation and path analysis to estimate the relative importance of measurable variables in determining who wins the battle for the cooperative surplus. In the simulated negotiation conditions, seven variables explained more than half of the variation in settlement outcomes achieved by participants, with

Joseph Doherty

2009-01-01

105

How Did the Master Settlement Agreement Change Tobacco Industry Expenditures for Cigarette Advertising and Promotions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 multistate Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) with the tobacco industry restricted cigarette advertising and promotions. The MSA monetary settlement was also associated with an average cigarette price increase of U.S.$1.19\\/pack between 1998 and 2001 to fund, in part, industry payments to the states. We examined Federal Trade Commission reports on how the tobacco industry spends its cigarette advertising and

John P. Pierce; Elizabeth A. Gilpin

2004-01-01

106

Integrating the European Securities Settlement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cross-border securities settlement in Europe is still said to be highly inefficient. One main reason can be seen in technical barriers between the different domestic settlement systems. Beside efforts to implement industry-specific communication standards an integration of the different settlement systems is necessary. The CSD-link model, the hub and spokes model, and the European CSD model aim to integrate European securities settlement. They have in common that they address the problem of interlinkage of national Central Securities Depositories and differ essentially in the way of achieving integration. These models are evaluated from a macro-economic perspective considering transaction costs, risks, and the integration of the cross-border securities settlement process.

Schaper, Torsten

107

LEIR Commissioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) is a central piece of the injector chain for LHC ion operation, transforming long Linac 3 pulses into high density bunches needed for LHC. LEIR commissioning is scheduled to be completed at the time of the conference. A review of LEIR commissioning highlighting expected and unexpected problems and actions to tackle them will be

P Belochitskii; Lajos Bojtar; Christian Carli; Michel Chanel; Karel Cornelis; Bruno Dupuy; Jose Duran-Lopez; Tommy Eriksson; Simone Silvano Gilardoni; Django Manglunki; Emanuele Matli; Stephan Maury; Carlos Oliveira; Sergio Pasinelli; Jaroslaw Pasternak; Federico Roncarolo; Gerard Tranquille

2006-01-01

108

Malpractice claims for endoscopy  

PubMed Central

AIM: To summarize the magnitude and time trends of endoscopy-related claims and to compare total malpractice indemnity according to specialty and procedure. METHODS: We obtained data from a comprehensive database of closed claims from a trade association of professional liability insurance carriers, representing over 60% of practicing United States physicians. Total payments by procedure and year were calculated, and were adjusted for inflation (using the Consumer Price Index) to 2008 dollars. Time series analysis was performed to assess changes in the total value of claims for each type of procedure over time. RESULTS: There were 1901 endoscopy-related closed claims against all providers from 1985 to 2008. The specialties include: internal medicine (n = 766), gastroenterology (n = 562), general surgery (n = 231), general and family practice (n = 101), colorectal surgery (n = 87), other specialties (n = 132), and unknown (n = 22). Colonoscopy represented the highest frequencies of closed claims (n = 788) and the highest total indemnities ($54 093 000). In terms of mean claims payment, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) ranked the highest ($374??794) per claim. Internists had the highest number of total claims (n = 766) and total claim payment ($70??730??101). Only total claim payments for colonoscopy and ERCP seem to have increased over time. Indeed, there was an average increase of 15.5% per year for colonoscopy and 21.9% per year for ERCP after adjusting for inflation. CONCLUSION: There appear to be differences in malpractice coverage costs among specialties and the type of endoscopic procedure. There is also evidence for secular trend in total claim payments, with colonoscopy and ERCP costs rising yearly even after adjusting for inflation.

Hernandez, Lyndon V; Klyve, Dominic; Regenbogen, Scott E

2013-01-01

109

15 CFR 785.17 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (a) Settlements before issuance of a NOVA. When the parties have agreed to a settlement of the case prior to issuance of a NOVA, a settlement proposal consisting...b) Settlements following issuance of a NOVA. The parties may enter into...

2013-01-01

110

Juries and Medical Malpractice Claims: Empirical Facts versus Myths  

PubMed Central

Juries in medical malpractice trials are viewed as incompetent, antidoctor, irresponsible in awarding damages to patients, and casting a threatening shadow over the settlement process. Several decades of systematic empirical research yields little support for these claims. This article summarizes those findings. Doctors win about three cases of four that go to trial. Juries are skeptical about inflated claims. Jury verdicts on negligence are roughly similar to assessments made by medical experts and judges. Damage awards tend to correlate positively with the severity of injury. There are defensible reasons for large damage awards. Moreover, the largest awards are typically settled for much less than the verdicts.

2008-01-01

111

Ground Cracking and Differential Settlement  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Ground cracking and differential settlement dueg to liquefaction of beach and Salinas River deposits damaged approach and abutment of bridge linking Moss Landing spit to the mainland, near Moss Landing Marine Laboratory....

2009-01-26

112

Clearing, Settlement, and Monetary Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper develops a general equilibrium model of the clearing and settlement of private payment instruments. Spatial separation, heterogeneous preference shocks and limited communication provide a role for private credit as a means of payment. Although ...

J. M. Lacker

1997-01-01

113

62 FR 63756 - ``Made in USA'' and Other U.S. Origin Claims  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Made in USA'' and Other U.S. Origin Claims; Notice...FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ``Made in USA'' and Other U.S. Origin Claims AGENCY...conducted a comprehensive review of ``Made in USA'' and other U.S. origin claims in...

1997-12-02

114

PRACTICING DEMOCRATIC COMMUNITY NORMS: Third Party Conflict Management and Successful Settlements  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the methods by which aggregate democratic forces influence dyadic- level interactions. We examine the causal linkage between a global democratic community and the involvement of third parties in attempts to settle dyadic claims that may otherwise lead to violence. We hypothesize that a strong democratic community and its institutions make third party settlement attempts more

Sara McLaughlin Mitchell; Kelly M. Kadera; Mark J. C. Crescenzi

115

Federal Trade Commission Operating Manual, Release No. 92.3 (Chapter 6).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Chapter 6 of the Federal Trade Commission Operating Manual is amended by making revisions to section .8 and corresponding illustrations. Revisions are made to language advising staff that where consent agreement provides that agreement is for settlement p...

1992-01-01

116

Bogus Weight Loss Claims  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Real World Learning Objects Library presents a project that incorporates the real-life experience of false advertising in weight loss miracles and the science behind such claims. Under the guise of helping the FDA police such bogus claims of "quick fix" weight loss pills or secrets, students have the opportunity to apply biology and other earth sciences to consider a claim and disprove it. The activity includes detailed instructions, learning objects, assessment guides, and a list of further resources for more information. The activity is ideal for teachers seeking to develop in class or take home assignments and activities, or for students designing their own projects.

Battles, Carol

2009-11-19

117

High Precision U/Th Dating of First Polynesian Settlement  

PubMed Central

Previous studies document Nukuleka in the Kingdom of Tonga as a founder colony for first settlement of Polynesia by Lapita peoples. A limited number of radiocarbon dates are one line of evidence supporting this claim, but they cannot precisely establish when this event occurred, nor can they afford a detailed chronology for sequent occupation. High precision U/Th dates of Acropora coral files (abraders) from Nukuleka give unprecedented resolution, identifying the founder event by 2838±8 BP and documenting site development over the ensuing 250 years. The potential for dating error due to post depositional diagenetic alteration of ancient corals at Nukuleka also is addressed through sample preparation protocols and paired dates on spatially separated samples for individual specimens. Acropora coral files are widely distributed in Lapita sites across Oceania. U/Th dating of these artifacts provides unparalleled opportunities for greater precision and insight into the speed and timing of this final chapter in human settlement of the globe.

Burley, David; Weisler, Marshall I.; Zhao, Jian-xin

2012-01-01

118

Guidelines for Investigating Malpractice Claims - A Claims Officer's Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A brief guideline for the new Claims Officer on how to investigate medical malpractice claims. From the vantage point of a former base Claims Officer, it provides a practical description of the investigation process, including tips on interviewing physici...

B. C. Vassey

1984-01-01

119

Product Claim Ad (Correct)  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Product claim ads may provide sources of ... the basic concepts related to drug advertising. ... consumers about DTC prescription drug advertisements. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers

120

Hierarchical Insurance Claims Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes statistical modeling of detailed, micro-level automobile in- surance records. We consider 1993-2001 data from a major insurance company in Singapore. By detailed micro-level records, we refer to experience at the individual ve- hicle level, including vehicle and driver characteristics, insurance coverage and claims experience, by year. The claims experience consists of detailed information on the type of

Edward W. Frees; Emiliano A. Valdez

2007-01-01

121

25 CFR for - Related Claims  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Related Claims for Procedure for Filing Medical Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS...Claims Act Coverage General Provisions Medical-Related Claims § 900.200 May...this subpart. Procedure for Filing Medical-Related...

2011-04-01

122

Liberal rule through non?liberal means: The attempted settlement of Irish travellers (1955–1975)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1963, after the publication of the Report of the Commission on Itinerancy, the Irish Government embarked on a national programme for the ‘settlement’, ‘assimilation’ and ‘rehabilitation’ of Irish Travellers. This paper is concerned with the power effects of discourses both driving and mobilised by the Report and with how liberal forms of thought and political rationality have considered the

Una M. Crowley

2005-01-01

123

The Initial Nine Space Settlements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The co-authors describe a chronology of space infrastructure development illustrating how each element of infrastructure enables development of subsequent more ambitious infrastructure. This is likened to the ``Southern California freeway phenomenon'', wherein a new freeway built in a remote area promotes establishment of gas stations, restaurants, hotels, housing, and eventually entire new communities. The chronology includes new launch vehicles, inter-orbit vehicles, multiple LEO space stations, lunar mining, on-orbit manufacturing, tourist destinations, and supporting technologies required to make it all happen. The space settlements encompassed by the chronology are in Earth orbit (L5 and L4), on the lunar surface, in Mars orbit, on the Martian surface, and in the asteroid belt. Each space settlement is justified with a business rationale for construction. This paper is based on materials developed for Space Settlement Design Competitions that enable high school students to experience the technical and management challenges of working on an industry proposal team.

Gale, Anita E.; Edwards, Richard P.

2003-01-01

124

48 CFR 49.109-7 - Settlement by determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...if a settlement proposal is not submitted...Justification of settlement proposal. (1) The contractor...The transmittal letter shall advise the...forms for settlement proposals prescribed in...formats of settlement agreements in 49.603 to...

2012-10-01

125

Spatial modelling of claim frequency and claim size in insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper models for claim frequency and claim size in non-life insurance are con- sidered. Both covariates and spatial random effects are included allowing the modelling of a spatial dependency pattern. We assume a Poisson model for the number of claims, while claim size is modelled using a Gamma distribution. However, in contrast to the usual com- pound Poisson

Claudia Czado

126

37 CFR 11.26 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...34 is filed, a settlement conference may occur between the OED Director and the practitioner. Any offers of compromise and...discussions shall not be admissible in subsequent proceedings. The OED Director may recommend to the USPTO Director any settlement...

2013-07-01

127

45 CFR 96.32 - Financial settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...settlement. 96.32 Section 96.32 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Financial Management § 96.32 Financial settlement. The State must repay to the...

2011-10-01

128

7 CFR 1427.21 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Nonrecourse Cotton Loan and Loan Deficiency Payments § 1427.21 Settlement. (a) The settlement of cotton loans will be made by CCC on the basis of the...

2012-01-01

129

7 CFR 1786.32 - Settlement procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...settlements with borrowers involved. (d) Repayment of FFB. Prior to 1:00 p.m. prevailing local time in New York, New York, on the settlement date, the borrower shall wire immediately available funds to RUS through the...

2013-01-01

130

Satellite SAR and Human Settlement Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the peculiar features of human settlement areas, with enormous variance of objects and the resulting variability and possibly also ambiguity of data, such areas represent the most demanding cases for information extraction from SAR data. This research is particularly aimed at human settlement mapping at a regional scale. Indeed, informal settlement monitoring is an important topic for the

Paolo Gamba; Fabio Dell' Acqua; Giovanna Trianni

2007-01-01

131

Real Estate Settlement Pricing: A Theoretical Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the pricing of real estate settlement services. Prices charged by real estate brokers, title insurers, private mortgage companies and other settlement service providers have been a public policy issue for a decade. The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 did little to alleviate public concerns or change pricing practices.The paper provides both a conceptual framework and

Kevin E. Villani; John Simonson

1982-01-01

132

Small Claims Court.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These classroom materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on the procedures and cases of the small claims court. The materials outline the kinds of cases, procedures of the plaintiff and defendent, trial procedures, rights of appeal, writ of…

Eaneman, Paulette S.

133

Report on the Secretary's Commission on Medical Malpratice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1971 the President directed the Secretary of HEW to create a Commission on Medical Malpractice to investigate problems associated with professional liability claims against all categories of health care providers and institutions. The report takes the ...

W. G. Freeland

1973-01-01

134

Settlement has many faces: physicians, attorneys and medical malpractice.  

PubMed

We conduct an analysis of the jurisdictional dispute over the management of medical malpractice lawsuits, focusing on the process through which liability is defined. We utilize a North Carolina sample of physicians who have been sued, their defense counsel, and counsel for the plaintiff in the case. A comparison of the perspectives of these three parties reveals that over half of the physicians who settle perceive themselves as not liable. Defense counsel are more adept at predicting both negotiated resolutions and whether or not money will be paid than either plaintiffs' counsel or physicians. Almost two-thirds of physicians who thought they were not liable expressed a desire for vindication. Almost half the time when the physicians denied liability money was nonetheless paid to resolve the claim. Physician responses to the outcome of their cases focus on the need for reform, especially in terms of a call for peer or expert review. We identify and discuss culture conflict between law and medicine. For lawyers "settlement" is not a negative thing, but for physicians it implies fault. We challenge existing literature which analyzes the settlement of medical malpractice claims solely in terms of rational economic models, and we argue that social psychological variables are equally important. PMID:11011508

Peeples, R; Harris, C T; Metzloff, T B

2000-09-01

135

75 FR 65656 - In the Matter of: Certain Notebook Computer Products and Components Thereof; Notice of Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337-TA-705...Determination Not To Review an Initial Determination Terminating the Investigation Based on a Settlement...ALJ'') initial determination...to terminate the investigation based on a...

2010-10-26

136

60 FR 53922 - Request for Public Comment in Preparation for Public Workshop Regarding ``Made in USA'' Claims in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Workshop Regarding ``Made in USA'' Claims in Product Advertising and Labeling...Commission workshop on the use of ``Made in USA'' claims in product advertising and labeling...of consumers' perceptions of ``Made in USA'' claims in product advertising and...

1995-10-18

137

45 CFR 509.5 - Procedure for determination of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...will set forth findings of fact and conclusions of law on the relevant elements of the claim, to the extent that evidence and information...before the Commission. The claimant will have the burden of proof in submitting evidence and information...

2011-10-01

138

45 CFR 509.5 - Procedure for determination of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...will set forth findings of fact and conclusions of law on the relevant elements of the claim, to the extent that evidence and information...before the Commission. The claimant will have the burden of proof in submitting evidence and information...

2012-10-01

139

FTC charges insulation manufacturer with overrated R-value claims  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Trade Commission accusses Thermtron Products of overstating the R-value of its cellulose insulation and failing to substantiate its 50% energy savings claim. The case was settled out of court, with Thermtron paying a penalty and agreeing to make adjustments to dissatisfied customers. The company has since corrected its advertising and labeling. (DCK)

Warrock, A.M.

1983-10-03

140

Food Labeling: FDA Needs to Reassess Its Approach to Protecting Consumers from False or Misleading Claims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees federal requirements to prohibit false or misleading food labels; the Federal Trade Commission enforces the prohibition against false or misleading advertising. By statute, health claims on food labels must ...

2011-01-01

141

48 CFR 2033.211 - Contract Claims-Contracting officer's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contract Claims-Contracting officer's decision. 2033.211 Section 2033.211 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals...

2011-10-01

142

29 CFR 1620.20 - Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra...Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION THE EQUAL PAY ACT § 1620.20 Pay differentials...

2013-07-01

143

46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23...MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING...RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR OCEAN TRANSPORTATION INTERMEDIARIES...

2009-10-01

144

46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23...MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING...RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR OCEAN TRANSPORTATION INTERMEDIARIES...

2010-10-01

145

The Orwellian Military Commissions Act of 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

In three decisions in 2004 and 2006, the Supreme Court of the United States rejected the sweeping claims by President Bush that his role as Commander in Chief entitled him to detain persons indefinitely and, if he chose, to subject them to war crimes trials before military commissions that did not have all of the procedural protections of courts martial.

Michael C. Dorf

2007-01-01

146

Claims als Instrumente der Markenführung  

Microsoft Academic Search

It's difficult to think of a well-known brand without automatically remembering its claim. Red Bull famously provides you with wings, BMW provides us with the “joy of driving”. The claim or slogan is a short phrase, which reflects the company's brand essence, the personality, position and scope for competition. Claims of many companies are part of our popular society. The

Marcus Stumpf

147

29 CFR 1620.20 - Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties. 1620.20 Section 1620.20...Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties. Additional duties may not...where the higher pay is not related to the extra duties. The Commission will...

2009-07-01

148

29 CFR 1620.20 - Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties. 1620.20 Section 1620.20...Pay differentials claimed to be based on extra duties. Additional duties may not...where the higher pay is not related to the extra duties. The Commission will...

2010-07-01

149

32 CFR 536.134 - Additional claims judge advocate and claims attorney responsibilities (for UCMJ claims).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01...judge advocate and claims attorney responsibilities (for...536.134 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT...advocate and claims attorney responsibilities...

2013-07-01

150

Is the tobacco settlement constitutional?  

PubMed

In August 2005, the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), a conservative advocacy organization, filed a lawsuit in Louisiana challenging the legality of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA). The suit alleges that the MSA, under which the states receive monetary payments and the four major tobacco companies are insulated from price competition, violates the Compact Clause and other provisions of the U.S. Constitution. This lawsuit threatens to unravel of one of the most significant opportunities to improve public health in United States history. We consider the merits of the lawsuit, the problems with the MSA that it highlights, and the potential consequences of the suit for public health. PMID:17199817

Rajkumar, Rahul; Gross, Cary P; Forman, Howard P

2006-01-01

151

31 CFR 50.85 - Amendment related to settlement approval.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...settlement approval. 50.85 Section 50.85 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Federal Cause of Action; Approval of Settlements § 50.85 Amendment related to settlement...

2013-07-01

152

69 FR 39436 - GROUPE SEB USA f/k/a Krups North America, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CPSC Docket No. 04-C0004] GROUPE SEB USA f/k/a Krups North America, Inc...provisionally-accepted Settlement Agreement with GROUPE SEB USA f/k/a Krups North America, Inc...the ``Commission'') and Groupe SEB USA, formerly known as Krups North...

2004-06-30

153

Ways of Settlement in International Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ways of settlement used within international commercial relations have evolved continuously, as an effect of the evolution of the world economy, as a whole, but also as an effect of the evolution of information technology and message transmitting techniques. In the same manner, the ways of settlement which are used in tourism, have also evolved due to the necessity

Dumitru Toanca

2009-01-01

154

Who Wins in Settlement Negotiations&quest  

Microsoft Academic Search

When lawsuits are resolved out of court, what determines the settlement price? This article uses a laboratory simulation and path analysis to estimate the relative importance of measurable variables in determining who wins the battle for the cooperative surplus. In the simulated negotiation conditions, seven variables explained more than half of the variation in settlement outcomes achieved by participants, with

Russell Korobkin; J. Doherty

2009-01-01

155

7 CFR 1434.19 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOAN AND LDP REGULATIONS FOR HONEY § 1434.19 Settlement. The value of the settlement...obligation to pay such amount to any party. (b) With respect to honey that is delivered from other than an approved warehouse,...

2012-01-01

156

7 CFR 1434.19 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOAN AND LDP REGULATIONS FOR HONEY § 1434.19 Settlement. The value of the settlement...obligation to pay such amount to any party. (b) With respect to honey that is delivered from other than an approved warehouse,...

2013-01-01

157

Radiology liability update: review of claims, trends, high-risk conditions and practices, and tort reform alternatives.  

PubMed

Radiology liability claims data are reviewed to explore the risk for suit and adverse judgments or settlements among radiologists, assess high-risk imaging conditions, and identify high-risk practice issues. Possible medical malpractice tort reform options are reviewed. PMID:23025868

Thomson, Norman B; Patel, Mohini

2012-10-01

158

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Army Claims System § 536.15 Claims...jurisdiction of a Command Claims Service... Two copies of command claims directives...directives will be distributed to all DA and DOD commands, installations...

2009-07-01

159

32 CFR 536.15 - Claims policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Army Claims System § 536.15 Claims...jurisdiction of a Command Claims Service... Two copies of command claims directives...directives will be distributed to all DA and DOD commands, installations...

2010-07-01

160

FDA Modernization Act (FDAMA) Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 2001. Fluoride and the Risk of Dental Caries: Health Claim Notification for Fluoridated Water October 14, 2006. Potassium ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

161

37 CFR 1.75 - Claim(s).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the applicant regards as his invention or discovery. (b) More...claims must conform to the invention as set forth in the remainder...146 as to claiming different inventions in one application. (e...applicant considers as the new or improved portion....

2013-07-01

162

Settlement-Compatible Lunar Transporation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past few years we have published papers in this forum identifying, characterizing and advocating settlement-compatible transportation architectures for Mars. In the present paper, we do the same for the Moon and show evolutionary potentials for growth of lunar architectures into Mars architectures of the types discussed in our previous papers. The essence of a settlement-compatible architecture is that it yields a low recurring transportation cost and that the elements of the architecture are enduring, i.e., fully reusable with lifetimes on the order of Earth-based capital investments. Our previous papers have shown that extension of human habitation to other bodies in our Solar System is probably unaffordable with any other approach. The design of a settlement-compatible architecture begins with Earth launch. In our prior papers, we simply identified the Earth launch option as a fully reusable system with roughly Shuttle (or Atlas 5 or Delta 4 or Sea Launch or Ariane 5) capability, i.e. about 20 metric t. to low Earth orbit and a payload bay of dimensions about 5 m diameter x 15 to 20 m length. This is what the commercial market needs; this is where the traffic demand is; this is approximately the design point for a next-generation (after Shuttle) reusable launch vehicle. We continue in that vein for the present paper. Human mission advocates may argue it isn't big enough; that they need 80 metric t. payload to orbit. We answer that to achieve our cost criteria, there isn't much of a choice, and that the savings in launch cost will far outweigh the added expense for on-orbit assembly. Lunar transportation is considerably less demanding than Mars transportation. The main difference is in trip time. Because lunar trips are short, the crew habitat can be small, a la the Apollo Command Module, and the propulsion system to move it is also small by comparison. We analyze and depict a lunar transportation system based on crew elements adapted from the International Space Station program, high-thrust propulsion stages adapted from current upper stages with changes as needed to operate them space-based, and solar electric low-thrust propulsion systems for moving large cargo elements from one orbital state to another. The transportation system operates via a lunar libration point "gateway", similarly to some of NASA's current thinking, and has a growth option for development of lunar-supplied propellant for ascent from the lunar surface, and re-supply of a propellant depot at the gateway. We show further growth paths to the Mars transportation system described in our 2001 paper.

Morgenthaler, G.

163

Health Claims Regulation and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulation (EC) No 1924\\/2006, 20 December 2006, requires functional foods manufacturers operating in Europe to provide evidence that the health claims reported on the packaging are truthful. However, most applications reviewed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have been rejected, leaving food manufacturers with the option of either selling products deprived of their claims or discontinuing their production. This

Rui Huang; Alessandro Bonanno

2011-01-01

164

Impacts of the Master Settlement Agreement on the tobacco industry  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess effects of the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) and the four individual state settlements on tobacco company decisions and performance. Design: 10-K reports filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission, firm and daily data from the Center for Research in Security Prices, stock price indices, market share and advertising data, cigarette export and domestic consumption data, and newspaper articles were used to assess changes before (1990–98) and after (1999–2002) the MSA was implemented. Subjects: Five major tobacco manufacturers in the USA. Main outcome measures: Stockholder returns, operating performance of defendant companies, exports, market share of the original participants in the MSA, and advertising/promotion expenditures. Results: Returns to investments in the tobacco industry exceeded returns from investments in securities of other companies, using each of four indexes as comparators. Domestic tobacco revenues increased during 1999–2002 from pre-MSA levels. Profits from domestic sales rose from levels prevailing immediately before the MSA. There is no indication that the MSA caused an increase in tobacco exports. Total market share of the original participating manufacturers in the MSA decreased. Total advertising expenditures by the tobacco companies increased at a higher rate than the 1990–98 trend during 1999–2002, but total advertising expenditures net of spending on coupons and promotions decreased. Conclusion: The experience during the post-MSA period demonstrates that the MSA did no major harm to the companies. Some features of the MSA appear to have increased company value and profitability.

Sloan, F; Mathews, C; Trogdon, J

2004-01-01

165

A trend analysis of sexual harassment claims: 1992-2006.  

PubMed

A trend analysis of sexual harassment claims made by women to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from 1992 to 2006 was conducted. Results show a sharp increase during the 1990s, followed by a decline in the 2000s. Regression analysis indicated that these differences were significant, explaining 84% of the variance. The observed trend followed the political climate, with more progressive social policies in the 1990s and a more conservative agenda in the 2000s. PMID:19320212

Cunningham, George B; Benavides-Espinoza, Claudia

2008-12-01

166

U.S. House approves historic settlement in case involving African American farmers and Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A small slice of justicehttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/28/AR2010112803915.htmlStatement from Agriculture Secretary Vilsack on Final Passage of the Claims Settlement Acthttp://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contentidonly=true&contentid=2010/12/0627.xmlBlack farmers: justice delayedhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/08/black_farmersPostcard from the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conferencehttp://www.grist.org/article/2010-11-30-notes-from-the-first-annual-black-farmers-and-urban-gardeners-coNational Black Farmers Associationhttp://www.blackfarmers.org/After years of wrangling, heated public discussion, and debate, the U.S. House of Representatives approved $4.6 billion to settle discrimination claims filed by African American farmers and Native Americans who had not received land-use royalties. The suit was quite complex, and the initial lawsuit was filed in 1997 by African American farmers who alleged that racial discrimination was a pervasive part of U.S. Department of Agriculture lending programs. In a separate action, a group of 300,000 Native Americans claimed that land royalties were withheld from them in a series of actions dating back to 1887. The approval of these funds had been held up for sometime, and the legislative roadblocks were removed when various lawmakers proposed to alleviate the entire cost of this settlement through spending cuts and generating new revenue elsewhere. Besides providing for different payments to individuals, the settlement will also finance construction of water systems that will serve Native American reservations in New Mexico, Montana, and Arizona.The first link will take readers to a piece from this Tuesday's Business Week about the recent settlement. The second link leads to an editorial from this Monday's Washington Post about the settlement. Moving on, the third link will take users to an official statement from Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on the passage of the settlement act. The fourth link will take interested parties to a piece from The Economist which provides a bit more background on the suit filed by African American farmers. Visitors interested in another perspective on a related subject will enjoy the fifth link. Here they will find Natasha Bowens' commentary on the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conference in New York City, and it's a witty and insightful read. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the National Black Farmers Association.

Grinnell, Max

2010-12-03

167

Regional policy for rural settlements in Bulgaria.  

PubMed

Government policies concerning rural settlement and rural-urban migration in Bulgaria since 1944 are evaluated and described. The author observes that during this period, "Bulgaria...has undergone rapid urbanization.... The marked destructive processes in the rural settlement network since 1944, mainly due to the ageing of the rural population and its migration to the cities, have necessitated the implementation of an active regional policy in rural regions. A 'policy of key settlements' and 'a policy of key regions' were developed in recent years [to encourage rural development]." PMID:12317807

Tsekov, N

1992-01-01

168

What is the Settlement Rate and Why Should We Care?  

Microsoft Academic Search

After establishing the importance of knowledge of settlement rates, this article first shows that different research questions can yield different settlement rates. Using data gathered from about 3,300 federal cases in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (EDPA) and the Northern District of Georgia (NDGA), differing measures of settlement emerge depending on whether one is interested in (1) settlement as a

Theodore Eisenberg; Charlotte Lanvers

2009-01-01

169

21 CFR 101.71 - Health claims: claims not authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...authorized. Health claims not authorized for foods in conventional food form or for dietary supplements of vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other similar substances: (a) Dietary fiber and cardiovascular disease. (b) Zinc and immune function in the...

2013-04-01

170

Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, September 1995. Volume 42, Number 3  

SciTech Connect

This book contains an issuance of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board and a Director`s Decision, both of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The issuance concerns the dismissal of a case by adopting a settlement reached by the Staff of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and a Radiation Safety Officer of a hospital in which the safety officer pled guilty to deliberate misconduct. The Director`s Decision was to deny a petition to impose a fine on Tennessee Valley Authority concerning alleged harassment of the petitioner and to appoint an independent arbitration board to review all past complaints filed against TVA concerning the Watts Bar Nuclear Plant.

NONE

1995-09-01

171

49 CFR 511.26 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Prehearing Procedures; Motions; Interlocutory Appeals; Summary Judgment...of settlement shall be accompanied by a motion to transmit to the Administrator the...proposed consent agreement by filing a motion and supporting memorandum with the...

2011-10-01

172

Kutenai Indian Subsistence and Settlement Patterns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines traditional subsistence and settlement aspects of the Kutenai Indians, a distinctive Plateau group residing in northwest Montana and adjacent areas. The Upper Kutenai at Tobacco Plains are the focus of the study. The report uses data f...

A. H. Smith

1984-01-01

173

Study of Embankment Settlement and Stability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design selected for stabilizing the embankment foundation required pore pressure measurements within the foundation soil during construction. In addition to pore pressure, the researchers measured settlement and horizontal displacements. Foundation so...

J. R. Sallberg

1967-01-01

174

The Human Settlements and Services Area, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Settlements and Services Area is concerned with the dynamics of global population growth and distribution, the consequences of these dynamics for patterns of employment generation, resource consumption, and service demand, and the design of poli...

A. Rogers

1981-01-01

175

39 CFR 963.12 - Settlement agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.12 Settlement agreements. These rules do not preclude the disposition of...

2013-07-01

176

Yugoslav Compulsory Settlement, Bankruptcy and Liquidation Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text is presented in English of Yugoslav federal Compulsory Settlement, Bankruptcy, and Liquidation Law (Sluzbeni List No. 84/89). Contains substantive and procedural provisions covering bankruptcy, including rights and responsibilities of debtors, effect...

1990-01-01

177

15 CFR 280.219 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS FASTENER QUALITY Enforcement § 280.219 Settlement. (a) Cases may be settled before service of a charging...

2012-01-01

178

77 FR 13137 - Draft Policy on Consultation with Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Corporations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...order limits the Department's discretion to engage in consultation. ANCSA Corporation--Any Alaska Native village corporation, urban corporation, or regional corporation as defined in, or established pursuant to, the Alaska Native...

2012-03-05

179

77 FR 64829 - Notice of Filing of Proposed Settlement Agreement Resolving Bankruptcy Proofs of Claim Relating...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Breslube-Penn Superfund Site...behalf of the United States and others, with the United States Bankruptcy Court...et al., Bkr. Case No. 11-13010...to the Breslube Penn Superfund Site...and the United States filed proofs...

2012-10-23

180

25 CFR 226.21 - Procedure for settlement of damages claimed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations § 226.21 Procedure...owner or his lessee suffers damage due to the oil and gas operations and/or marketing of oil or gas by lessee or his authorized...

2011-04-01

181

Nutrient Content Claims and Percentage  

MedlinePLUS

... Non-starchy Vegetables Protein Foods Sugar and Desserts Artificial Sweeteners Sugar Alcohols Grains and Starchy Vegetables Taking ... Without added sugars: no sugar or sugar-containing ingredient is added during processing Claims for Fiber High ...

182

Do Cues Matter? Highly Inductive Settlement Cues Don't Ensure High Post-Settlement Survival in Sea Urchin Aquaculture  

PubMed Central

Increasing settlement and post-settlement survival during the critical transition from planktonic larvae to benthic juveniles will increase efficiency for sea urchin aquaculture. This study investigated the effects of temperature and settlement cues on the settlement and post-settlement survival of the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla during this phase. The current commercial methodology, which utilises natural biofilm settlement plates, was tested and resulted in low settlement (<2%) and poor post-settlement survival (<1% of settled urchins). In laboratory trials, settlement was high and unaffected by temperatures between 24 and 30°C, but significantly decreased at 33°C. Development of spines, however, was significantly affected by temperatures over 29°C. Mirroring this result, post-settlement survival was optimal between 24–28°C. In laboratory assays, the macroalgae Sargassum linearifolium and Corallina officinalis, and seawater conditioned with these algae, induced significantly higher settlement (>90%) than a natural biofilm (?25%). The addition of macroalgae-conditioned seawater to natural biofilm significantly increased settlement rates (>85%). Mixed consortia and single strains of bacteria isolated from macroalgae, biofilms and adult conspecifics all induced significant settlement, but at significantly lower rates than macroalgae. No evidence was found that higher rates of settlement to bacteria on macroalgae were generated by a cofactor from the macroalgae. Age of bacterial cultures, culturing bacteria on solid and liquid media and concentration of nutrients in cultures had little effect on settlement rates. Finally, macroalgae-conditioned seawater combined with natural biofilm settlement plates induced significantly higher settlement than to the biofilm plates alone in a commercial scale trial. However, high post-settlement mortality resulted in equivalent survival between treatments after 25 days. This study highlights that settlement studies should extend to post-settlement survival, which remains poor for T. gratilla and is a significant obstacle to increasing efficiency for aquaculture.

Mos, Benjamin; Cowden, Kenneth L.; Nielsen, Shaun J.; Dworjanyn, Symon A.

2011-01-01

183

28 CFR Appendix - Delegations of Settlement Authority  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy, he...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy,...

2009-07-01

184

32 CFR 536.115 - Claims procedures for claims arising overseas under international agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...claims arising overseas under international agreements. 536.115... Claims Cognizable Under International Agreements § 536.115...claims arising overseas under international agreements. (a...includes claims by tourists or business travelers as...

2013-07-01

185

U.S Commission on Civil Rights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded during the crucial struggle for civil rights during the 1960s, the U.S Commission on Civil Rights has continued its work right up to the present day, and remains an important part of the federal government. Along with investigating claims of discrimination, the Commission also has a significant research arm, and the agency produces numerous reports and public news briefs that are offered here as well. Some of the more intriguing reports available on the site's homepage include "Redefining Rights in America: The Civil Rights Record of the George W. Bush Administration, 2001-2004" and "Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System". Visitors may also want to look through the material that provides information on how to file a complaint with the Commission, or look through the numerous job opportunities. Some of the material on the site is also available in Spanish.

186

Swedish consumers' cognitive approaches to nutrition claims and health claims  

PubMed Central

Introduction and Aim Studies show frequent use of nutrition claims and health claims in consumers' choice of food products. The aim of the present study was to investigate how consumers' thoughts about these claims and food products are affected by various types of food-related experiences. Material and Methods The data collection comprised 30 individual interviews among Swedish consumers aged 25 to 64 years. Results The results indicated that participants who expressed special concern for their own and their families' health were eager to find out the meaning of concepts and statements made. A lack of understanding and lack of credibility of concepts and expressions often caused suspicion of the product. However, in some cases this was counterbalanced by confidence in manufacturers, retailers, and/or the Swedish food legislation. Discussion and Conclusion To achieve effective written communication of food products' health-conducive properties on food labels, there is a need to consider the importance many consumers attach to understanding the meaning of concepts and expressions used and the importance of credibility in certain expressions. Consumers' varying cognitive approaches are suggested as a basis for pre-tests of nutrition claims and health claims.

Svederberg, Eva; Wendin, Karin

2011-01-01

187

New global environment commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new initiative from several members of the United Nations to establish an Independent World Commission on Environment and Development establishes a direct link between the Commission and U.N. member governments, and stipulates that the Commission's report and recommendations shall be considered by governments, by the U.N. Environment Program's Governing Council, and by the General Assembly. This addresses some of

Fouere

2009-01-01

188

Dietary supplement labeling and advertising claims: are clinical studies on the full product required?  

PubMed

Whether labeling and advertising claims for multi-ingredient dietary supplements may be based on the testing of individual, key ingredients--rather than the actual product--has caused a good deal of confusion. This confusion stems from the dearth of case law and the open-endedness of Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance on this issue. Nevertheless, the relevant regulatory guidance, case law and self-regulatory case law--when assessed together--indicate that the law allows and even protects "key ingredient claims" (i.e., claims based on efficacy testing of key ingredients in the absence of full product testing). This article provides an overview of the relevant substantiation requirements for dietary supplement claims and then reviews FTC's and FDA's guidance on key ingredient claims; relevant case law; use of key ingredient claims in the advertising of other consumer products; and the National Advertising Division of the Better Business Bureau, Inc.'s (NAD's) approach to evaluating key ingredient claims for dietary supplements. This article concludes that key ingredient claims--provided they are presented in a truthful and non-deceptive manner--are permissible, and should be upheld in litigation and cases subject to industry self-regulation. This article further concludes that the NAD's approach to key ingredient claims provides practical guidance for crafting and substantiating dietary supplement key ingredient claims. PMID:19998572

Villafranco, John E; Bond, Katie

2009-01-01

189

78 FR 1248 - Certain Computing Devices With Associated Instruction Sets and Software; Notice of Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...337-TA-812] Certain Computing Devices With Associated Instruction Sets and Software; Notice of Commission Determination Not To Review...States of certain computing devices with associated instruction sets and software by reason of infringement of claims 1-4,...

2013-01-08

190

Commissioning HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, commissioning has been viewed as a separate process that had to be specified and implemented by a specialized entity. This article discusses commissioning in the HVAC field and looks at it from an international perspective. The author has worked in Europe, South Africa (British system) and the USA. The differences between the British and the American methods of commissioning are discussed, with examples given where the American way was unsuccessful. It is the design engineer`s job to test and accept (commission) an installation after the contractor has demonstrated the performance to the satisfaction of the design engineer. Once the plant is commissioned, it is put into service.

Schiess, K. [KSEngineers, La Jolla, CA (United States)

1995-12-01

191

Exaggerated Claims for Interactive Stories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As advertising becomes more crucial to video games' success, developers risk promoting their products beyond the features that they can actually include. For features of interactive storytelling, the effects of making such exaggerations are not well known, as reports from industry have been anecdotal at best. In this paper, we explore the effects of making exaggerated claims for interactive stories, in the context of the theory of advertising. Results from a human user study show that female players find linear and branching stories to be significantly less enjoyable when they are advertised with exaggerated claims.

Thue, David; Bulitko, Vadim; Spetch, Marcia; Webb, Michael

192

All-Terrain Vehicle Settlement. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A hearing was held to examine the Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) settlement of its imminent hazard enforcement case against the major manufacturers of all-terrain vehicles (ATV), a product causing, as of January, 1988, a total of 330,000 serious injuries and over 900 deaths, nearly half of these to children. Central to the…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

193

Unsettling drug patent settlements: a framework for presumptive illegality.  

PubMed

A tidal wave of high drug prices has recently crashed across the U.S. economy. One of the primary culprits has been the increase in agreements by which brand-name drug manufacturers and generic firms have settled patent litigation. The framework for such agreements has been the Hatch-Waxman Act, which Congress enacted in 1984. One of the Act's goals was to provide incentives for generics to challenge brand-name patents. But brand firms have recently paid generics millions of dollars to drop their lawsuits and refrain from entering the market. These reverse-payment settlements threaten significant harm. Courts nonetheless have recently blessed them, explaining that the agreements reduce costs, increase innovation, and are reasonable based on the presumption of validity accorded to patents. Although scholars and the Federal Trade Commission have voiced strong arguments against courts' leniency, these have fallen on judicial deaf ears. In this Article, I apply the framework that the Supreme Court articulated in Verizon Communications v. Law Offices of Curtis V. Trinko, LLP, which underscored the importance in antitrust analysis of a regulatory regime addressing the challenged activity. In particular, the Hatch-Waxman Act provides Congress's views on innovation and competition in the drug industry, freeing courts from the thorny task of reconciling the patent and antitrust laws. Unfortunately, mechanisms that Congress employed to encourage patent challenges--such as an exclusivity period for the first generic to challenge validity--have been twisted into barriers preventing competition. Antitrust can play a central role in resuscitating the drafters' intentions and promoting competition. Given the Act's clear purpose to promote patent challenges, as well as the parties' aligned incentives and the severe anticompetitive potential of reverse payments, courts should treat such settlements as presumptively illegal. If the parties can demonstrate that the payments represent a reasonable assessment of litigation success, then they can rebut this presumption. If not, courts should conclude that the agreements violate the antitrust laws. PMID:20535881

Carrier, Michael A

2009-10-01

194

SETTLEMENT AND COVER SUBSIDENCE OF HAZARDOUS WASTE LANDFILLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Numerical models using equations for linearly elastic deformation were developed to predict the maximum expected amount of settlement and cover subsidence and potential cracking of the cover by differential settlement in uniformly, horizontally layered hazardous waste landfills. ...

195

Settlement of Pile Groups Bearing on Stiffer Strata.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solutions are described for the settlement interaction between two piles which rest on a bearing stratum stiffer than the overlying soil. These solutions may be used to predict group settlement ratios for any general pile group. The stiffer bearing stratu...

H. G. Poulos N. S. Mattes

1973-01-01

196

Optimising settlement assays of pediveligers and plantigrades of Mytilus galloprovincialis.  

PubMed

The mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is a common aquaculture species, and also a major fouling organism that has negative economic impacts. There are no standard assay conditions for this important species and therefore, this study quantified the effect of key factors on the settlement of pediveligers and plantigrades. Density dependent settlement did not occur for either pediveligers or plantigrades. Settlement increased in drop assays in a 12 h light:12 h dark cycle, while bottom shade had no effect of any magnitude. In addition, settlement was significantly enhanced by storing pediveligers for between 4 and 24 days at 4 °C. Overall, these data provide the template to optimise and standardise static laboratory settlement assays for mussels in order to develop materials that either enhance settlement for the aquaculture industry, or deter settlement for antifouling applications. Furthermore, simple mechanisms such as storage at 4 °C can enhance settlement beyond current methods used in aquaculture hatcheries. PMID:21827335

Carl, C; Poole, A J; Vucko, M J; Williams, M R; Whalan, S; de Nys, R

2011-09-01

197

40 CFR 173.4 - Informal conference and settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Informal conference and settlement. 173.4 Section...USE VIOLATIONS § 173.4 Informal conference and settlement. (a) After receipt...the State may request that an informal conference be held between appropriate...

2011-07-01

198

Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Statute, Regulations, Special Information Booklet.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume presents the text of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 as amended in 1975, the implementing regulations issued by HUD, and the HUD information booklet explaining to consumers the procedures involved in the settlement process an...

1979-01-01

199

Money vs. Sovereignty: An Analysis of the Maine Settlement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article analyzes the proposed Maine Settlement. It also looks at a viable alternative to the settlement based on the premise that Indian tribes can survive only as nations, not as state municipalities or United States landowners. (Author/SB)|

Tallchief, A.

1980-01-01

200

46 CFR 502.91 - Opportunity for informal settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Opportunity for informal settlement. 502.91...Prehearing Procedure § 502.91 Opportunity for informal settlement. ...all interested parties shall have the opportunity for the submission and...

2012-10-01

201

46 CFR 502.91 - Opportunity for informal settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Opportunity for informal settlement. 502.91...Prehearing Procedure § 502.91 Opportunity for informal settlement. ...all interested parties shall have the opportunity for the submission and...

2011-10-01

202

42 CFR 422.762 - Settlement of penalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Settlement of penalties. 422.762 Section 422.762 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Intermediate Sanctions § 422.762 Settlement of penalties. For civil money...

2012-10-01

203

42 CFR 423.762 - Settlement of penalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Settlement of penalties. 423.762 Section 423.762 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.762 Settlement of penalties. For civil money...

2012-10-01

204

Implications for Tobacco Control of the Multistate Tobacco Settlement  

PubMed Central

The 1998 master settlement agreement between major tobacco manufacturers and the US states will have a profound effect on many tobacco industry practices and will significantly influence future settlements with the tobacco industry. This article analyzes the settlement's key provisions pertaining to youth sales, advertising, marketing, and lobbying. It also examines the ways in which the settlement restricts industry practices as well as the many industry practices that remain unregulated.

Daynard, Richard A.; Parmet, Wendy; Kelder, Graham; Davidson, Patricia

2001-01-01

205

Characteristics of paid malpractice claims settled in and out of court in the USA: a retrospective analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective An analysis of paid malpractice claims judged in court compared with those settled out of court may help explain perceptions of malpractice risk. Design A retrospective analysis and cross-sectional comparison of malpractice claims. Evaluated trends in the number and proportion of paid claims, and mean payment amount by resolution type; identified patient, physician and claim characteristics associated with each resolution type. Examined the effects of resolution type on payment amount and time to claim resolution. Setting Claims paid on behalf of US physicians reported in the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) from 2005 to 2009. Main outcome measures Type of resolution, claim characteristics, payment amount and time to resolution. Results Between 2005 and 2009, there were 58?667 claims paid on behalf of US physicians. Of these paid claims, 56?850 (96.9%) were settled outside court, and 1817 (3.1%) were judged in court. There was no significant change in the proportion of paid claims resolved by settlement versus judgement over time (p=0.83); nor was there a significant change in the mean payment amount in either resolution group (settlement, p=0.94; judgement, p=0.36). The claims in which the physicians were under 50, had prior malpractice reports, which were paid by a state malpractice programme, for adverse events to a fetus, and for surgical or obstetric error were more likely to be judged in court. The mean payment amount (US$592?283 vs US$317?447, p<0.01), per cent of payments over US$1 million (41.82% vs 15.43%, p<0.01), and time to decision (6.50?years vs 4.93?years, p<0.01) were significantly higher in judged claims. Conclusions Although only a very small percentage of paid malpractice claims in the USA are judged in court, a number of characteristics differ between settled and judged claims. Such differences may influence perceptions of malpractice risk and future reform efforts.

Rubin, Jessica B; Bishop, Tara F

2013-01-01

206

Spoil heaps and waste dumps: Settlement calculations revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical settlement calculations rely on obtaining reliable soil deformation characteristics from one- dimensional compression tests performed in an oedometer. The success of the settlement predictions hinges heavily on our ability to obtain representative undisturbed specimens from the site for which the settlement is being calculated. It is generally accepted that a correct determination of the preconsolidation stress is of a

D. Znidar?i?; C. Yao

207

48 CFR 49.103 - Methods of settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Methods of settlement. 49.103 Section 49...CONTRACTS General Principles 49.103 Methods of settlement. Settlement of...3), or (d) a combination of these methods. When possible, the TCO should...

2011-10-01

208

Optimising settlement assays of pediveligers and plantigrades of Mytilus galloprovincialis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is a common aquaculture species, and also a major fouling organism that has negative economic impacts. There are no standard assay conditions for this important species and therefore, this study quantified the effect of key factors on the settlement of pediveligers and plantigrades. Density dependent settlement did not occur for either pediveligers or plantigrades. Settlement increased

C. Carl; A. J. Poole; M. J. Vucko; M. R. Williams; S. Whalan; R. de Nys

2011-01-01

209

Marie Russo: An Oral History of the Italian Settlement House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Settlement House Movement in the United States was a response by progressive reformers to meet the needs of urban poor and immigrant families in the early years of the 20th century. Some settlements were outreach services of churches. There are limited accounts of the experiences of the individuals who used the settlement houses. This…

Beard, Kathryn H.

2010-01-01

210

Denison House: Women's Use of Space in the Boston Settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Established in 1892, Denison House Settlement in Boston, Massachusetts was the third college settlement of its kind in the United States. Like other settlement houses of the time, Denison House was established as a base for community refurbishment and statistical study. Located at 93 Tyler Street in the rundown South Cove area of Boston, it offered its lower class \\

Heather Marie Capitanio

2010-01-01

211

48 CFR 49.303-3 - Audit of settlement proposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit of settlement proposal. 49.303-3...Terminated for Convenience 49.303-3 Audit of settlement proposal. The TCO shall...the settlement proposal to the appropriate audit agency for review (see...

2011-10-01

212

Analysis of long-term settlement of municipal solid waste landfills as determined by various settlement estimation methods.  

PubMed

In this study, several existing municipal solid waste (MSW) settlement estimation methods are reviewed and applied to analyze the settlement data of nine MSW landfills. Because a biodegradation-related settlement contributes differently to a long-term total settlement depending on the age of landfills, the actual MSW landfill sites are classified into three groups to specifically address the validity of each method in its prediction of a long-term settlement for each age category. Results demonstrate that there are considerable decreases in predicted settlement potentials as fill age increases. Comparisons indicate that the individual estimation methods display a considerable variation in predicting settlements in the fresh MSW landfills. On the other hand, for the old refuse landfills, all of the estimation methods, except the extended soil model, predict low settlement potentials. PMID:17355085

Park, Hyun Il; Park, Borinara; Lee, Seung Rae

2007-02-01

213

Duty-cycler vendors seen overstating saving claims  

SciTech Connect

Independent tests by the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Illinois at Champaign, and the Honeywell Physical Science Center in Minnesota report that duty cyclers cut energy use three to 12% in contrast to the 20 to 30% claimed by vendors. Some duty cyclers actually increased energy use during the tests. The problem is that the theoretical savings from duty cycling are reduced because frequent cycling interferes with the operating efficiency of equipment. Vendors responded that a fair test requires year-round data instead of the shorter periods used by the testers, but the Federal Trade Commission is asking manufacturers to substantiate their advertising claims. The article cites details of the testing program.

Gardner, L.

1984-04-30

214

29 CFR 18.9 - Consent order or settlement; settlement judge procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...process may not be used in litigation unless obtained through...seven working days of the termination of negotiations. The report...this to the presiding judge without further elaboration. ...settlement judge, or the termination of proceedings under...

2013-07-01

215

Delegating Punitive Power: The Political Economy of Sentencing Commission and Guideline Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most significant modern developments in criminal law is the birth of the sentencing commission. Yet the creation of these commissions presents a puzzle under conventional theories of delegation. The accepted wisdom is that legislatures delegate policymaking to agencies in order to avoid having to choose among the claims of competing constituents. This theory cannot explain the creation

Rachel E. Barkow; Kathleen M. ONeil

2006-01-01

216

The ‘Australian settlement’ and Australian political thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguments for reshaping political agendas invariably begin from an appraisal of past errors and achievements. Paul Kelly's notion of the ‘Australian Settlement’ attempts such a task. Kelly identifies a particular ideological and institutional tradition in Australian politics that dominated much of the twentieth century and that is now deemed to have broken down. This article accepts that the notion of

Geoffrey Stokes

2004-01-01

217

Seismic bearing capacity and settlements of foundations  

SciTech Connect

Field and laboratory observations of seismic settlements of shallow foundations on granular soils that are not attributable to changes in density or liquefaction are explained in terms of seismic degradation of bearing capacity. Limit analysis using a Coulomb-type mechanism including inertial forces in the soil and on the footing gives expressions for seismic bearing capacity factors that are directly related to their static counterparts. Comparison of the two depicts clearly the rapid deterioration of the overall foundation capacity with increasing acceleration. Such periodic inertial fluidization causes finite settlements that are possible even in moderate earthquakes. Reduction in foundation capacity is due to both the seismic degradation of soil strength and the lateral inertial forces transmitted by shear to the foundation through the structure and any surcharge. A straightforward sliding-block procedure with examples is also presented for computing these settlements due to loss of bearing capacity for short time periods. The approach also leads to a design procedure for footings based on limiting seismic settlements to a prescribed value.

Richards, R. Jr. (State Univ. of New York, Buffalo (United States)); Elms, D.G. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)); Budhu, M. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (United States))

1993-04-01

218

78 FR 59684 - Proposed Settlement Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

In accordance with section 113(g) of the Clean Air Act, as amended (``Act''), notice is hereby given of a proposed settlement agreement to address a lawsuit filed by the American Forest & Paper Association, Inc. and American Wood Council (``Petitioners'') in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia: American Forest and Paper Association, Inc. and American Wood Council v.......

2013-09-27

219

Schooling and settlement: refugee education in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools are a stabilising feature in the unsettled lives of refugee students. They provide safe spaces for new encounters, interactions and learning opportunities. They also deliver literacy, the key to educational success, post?school options, life choices, social participation and settlement. Currently Australian schools are poorly funded and ill?equipped to provide effective English as a Second Language teaching and support. A

Julie Matthews

2008-01-01

220

7 CFR 1427.172 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.172 Settlement. (a) A...obtain release of all or any part of the loan seed cotton by paying to CCC the amount of the loan, plus...

2013-01-01

221

7 CFR 1427.172 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.172 Settlement. (a) A...obtain release of all or any part of the loan seed cotton by paying to CCC the amount of the loan, plus...

2012-01-01

222

OLD ORDER AMISH SETTLEMENT: DIFFUSION AND GROWTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Amish originated in Europe over 280 years ago. Although they eventually disappeared in their homeland area, they have survived remarkably well in the New World. The spread of Amish settlement in the United States encompasses five distinct periods. In the early periods the Amish followed the frontier, similar to other Americans, but generally without success beyond the northeastern quadrant

WILLIAM K. CROWLEY

1978-01-01

223

Settlements and sustainability: vulnerability, security, and populism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ideas matter. Urban settlements are shaped not by accident but by the history of big ideas and the political and policy manifestations of those ideas. Ideas leave their mark in the inertia and path dependence of the built environment, and shape our lives now and the lives of those in the future. Insightful scholars of the city, such as Patrick

Steve Dovers

224

49 CFR 511.26 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Savings Act, Pub. L. 94-163, 89 Stat. 911 (15 U.S.C. section 2007(3)). Settlement in other cases may be made only in...will consider the gravity of the alleged violation, and any good faith efforts by the respondent to comply with applicable...

2012-10-01

225

Cigarette Taxes and the Master Settlement Agreement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1998, 46 states and the four major tobacco companies entered into the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), which stipulated that the tobacco companies pay the states $206 billion over the next several years. Mean cigarette excise taxes rose substantially, nearly 90%, between 1998 and 2002. The goal of our empirical analysis is to assess whether the changes in cigarette excise

Justin G. Trogdon; Frank A. Sloan

2006-01-01

226

[Marine natural products influencing larval settlement and metamorphosis of marine sessile organisms].  

PubMed

Most marine sessile organisms have a planktonic larval phase in their life cycles, and then larvae settle and metamorphose into their adult forms. The selection of settlement sites is a critical event for these organisms because settlement on unsuitable places affects their survivorship severely. Ascidians live gregariously, and conspecific chemical cues are thought to play an important role in gregarious settlement of larvae. The extracts of conspecific adults or larvae have been claimed to contain "natural metamorphosis inducers." Little is known, however, about their chemical properties. To discover natural signal substances for larval metamorphosis in ascidians, we surveyed the metamorphosis-inducing activity of the medium conditioned by ascidian larvae, and succeeded in isolating a metamorphosis-inducing substance from the conditioned medium of Halocycthia roretzi larvae and found that it was identical to lumichrome. We have also isolated more than 40 active metabolites, which may mimic lumichrome, from marine sponges. On the contrary, marine sessile organisms cause serious problems by settling on fishing nets, hulls of ships, and cooling systems of power plants. Organotin compounds have been widely used for the control of these organisms, but they are known to be toxic to marine biota. Therefore, nontoxic antifouling substances are urgently needed. Marine sessile organisms possess chemical defense systems using their secondary metabolites, which might be potential by nontoxic antifouling agents. We have attempted to obtain antibarnacle substances from marine sponges and isolated 26 antifoulants. PMID:10434799

Tsukamoto, S

1999-07-01

227

Guidelines for residential commissioning  

SciTech Connect

Currently, houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict, largely because they are field assembled and there is no consistent process to identify problems or to correct them. Residential commissioning is a solution to this problem. This guide is the culmination of a 30-month project that began in September 1999. The ultimate objective of the project is to increase the number of houses that undergo commissioning, which will improve the quality, comfort, and safety of homes for California citizens. The project goal is to lay the groundwork for a residential commissioning industry in California focused on end-use energy and non-energy issues. As such, we intend this guide to be a beginning and not an end. Our intent is that the guide will lead to the programmatic integration of commissioning with other building industry processes, which in turn will provide more value to a single site visit for people such as home energy auditors and raters, home inspectors, and building performance contractors. Project work to support the development of this guide includes: a literature review and annotated bibliography, which facilitates access to 469 documents related to residential commissioning published over the past 20 years (Wray et al. 2000), an analysis of the potential benefits one can realistically expect from commissioning new and existing California houses (Matson et al. 2002), and an assessment of 107 diagnostic tools for evaluating residential commissioning metrics (Wray et al. 2002). In this guide, we describe the issues that non-experts should consider in developing a commissioning program to achieve the benefits we have identified. We do this by providing specific recommendations about: how to structure the commissioning process, which diagnostics to use, and how to use them to commission new and existing houses. Using examples, we also demonstrate the potential benefits of applying the recommended whole-house commissioning approach to such houses.

Wray, Craig P.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2003-01-31

228

Land Claims and Comanagement of Protected Areas in South Africa: Exploring the Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Comanagement has recently become the most popular approach for reconciling land claims and biodiversity conservation in South Africa and beyond. Following the resolution of land claims on protected areas in South Africa, comanagement arrangements have been created between the relevant conservation authorities and the land claimant communities who are legally awarded tenure rights to the land. However, it is doubtful that these partnerships constitute success for the former land claimants. Using the case of a “resolved” land claim in Mkambati Nature Reserve, Eastern Cape Province, as well as insights from comanagement literature, this paper identifies and discusses three key possible reasons for the unimpressive performance of comanagement in reconciling land restitution and conservation. The first one is the origins of the comanagement idea in the conservation of high value natural resources (e.g., fisheries, forestry), rather than in or including concerns for resource rights. The second reason is the neglect of key conditions for successful comanagement, as discussed in the comanagement literature. The final reason is the ambiguity in settlement agreements, including the use of terminology and concepts that reinforce unequal power relationships, with the state emerging as the powerful partner. This paper concludes that, unless there is a serious reassessment of the comanagement idea as a way of reconciling land reform and conservation, and a possible review of settlement agreements that have relied on comanagement, both the integrity of the “successful land claimant’s rights” and that of conservation remain under threat.

Kepe, Thembela

2008-03-01

229

Exaggerated Claims for Interactive Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

As advertising becomes more crucial to video games’ success, developers risk promoting their products beyond the features\\u000a that they can actually include. For features of interactive storytelling, the effects of making such exaggerations are not\\u000a well known, as reports from industry have been anecdotal at best. In this paper, we explore the effects of making exaggerated\\u000a claims for interactive stories,

David Thue; Vadim Bulitko; Marcia Spetch; Michael Webb

2009-01-01

230

Commission 35: Stellar Constitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commission home page is maintained by Claus Leitherer and contains general information on the Commission structure and activities, including links to stellar structure resources that were made available by the owners. The resources contain evolutionary tracks and isochrones from various groups, nuclear reaction, EOS, and opacity data as well as links to main astronomical journals. As a routine activity,

Francesca D'Antona; Corinne Charbonnel; Wojciech Dziembowski; Gilles Fontaine; Richard B. Larson; John Lattanzio; Jim W. Liebert; Ewald Müller; Achim Weiss; Lev R. Yungelson

2009-01-01

231

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews some of the key economic issues that face the Federal Communications Commission. These issues include those that underlie the design of broadband policy, spectrum policy, competition policy, and media ownership policy. (Keywords: Federal Communications Commission, communications policy, competition, broadband, spectrum, media ownership.)

Evan Kwerel; Jonathan Levy; Robert Pepper; David Sappington; Donald Stockdale; John Williams

232

THE COLLEGE COMMISSIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE HISTORIES, ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES, MODES OF OPERATION, GOALS, AND SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES OF EIGHT COLLEGE SCIENCE COMMISSIONS ARE PRESENTED. THE GOAL OF THE EIGHT COLLEGE SCIENCE COMMISSIONS IS TO BRING UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE INSTRUCTION CLOSER TO THE RESEARCH FRONTIER, UPDATE COURSES, AND FOSTER THE SPIRIT OF INQUIRY. INTERCOMMISSION…

FOOKS, JOYCE LANE

233

40 CFR 211.205 - Special claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Hearing Protective Devices § 211.205 Special claims. (a) Any manufacturer wishing to make claims regarding the acoustic effectiveness of a device, other than the Noise Reduction Rating, must be prepared to demonstrate the validity of such...

2013-07-01

234

Dietary Supplement Labeling Guide: Chapter VI. Claims  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... a statement that calls the consumer's attention to one ... This type of claim requires significant scientific ... What types of structure/functure claims may be ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation

235

32 CFR 279.4 - Claims process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...members of eligible Service members who are deceased...claim. (2) Make a public announcement of the Retroactive...submit a claim to a Service point of contact. The...will be provided in all public releases by the...

2013-07-01

236

49 CFR 1018.7 - Conversion claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Conversion claims. 1018.7 Section 1018.7 Transportation ...DEBT COLLECTION Application and Coverage § 1018.7 Conversion claims. These procedures are directed primarily to...

2012-10-01

237

49 CFR 1018.7 - Conversion claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Conversion claims. 1018.7 Section 1018.7 Transportation ...DEBT COLLECTION Application and Coverage § 1018.7 Conversion claims. These procedures are directed primarily to...

2011-10-01

238

Qualified Health Claim: Do People Understand Various ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionQualified Health Claims: Food for Thought? Neal H. Hooker and Ratapol P. Teratanavat. ... November 17, 2005. Qualified Health Claims. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

239

Prairie Settlement: Nebraska Photographs and Family Letters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection from the Library of Congress American Memory project "integrates two collections from the holdings of the Nebraska State Historical Society: the Solomon D. Butcher photographs and the letters of the Uriah W. Oblinger family that together illustrate the story of settlement on the Great Plains." There are approximately 3,000 photographs of Central Nebraska taken during the period of 1862-1912 and some 3,000 pages of Oblinger family letters covering the same period. The letters discuss such typical settlement concerns as "land, work, neighbors, crops, religious meetings, problems with grasshoppers, financial problems, and the Easter Blizzard of 1873." The collections may be searched by keyword, or browsed by subjects, correspondents, and date.

240

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Claims Regulations § 11.76 Claims procedures...the claimant; (2) Place and date of... (6) Copies of police reports, if applicable...Government; and (11) Other evidence as...Geographical location; (2) Whether the quarters...Loss by theft or robbery. Claims for...

2009-10-01

241

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Claims Regulations § 11.76 Claims procedures...the claimant; (2) Place and date of... (6) Copies of police reports, if applicable...Government; and (11) Other evidence as...Geographical location; (2) Whether the quarters...Loss by theft or robbery. Claims for...

2010-10-01

242

Medical Malpractice Closed Claim Study-1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The closed claim study is based on 4,126 medical malpractice claims closed between July 1, 1976 and October 31, 1976. The general purposes of this study are to undertake an analysis of the frequency and types of claims and compensation for economic losses...

1978-01-01

243

Commissioning the LCLS Injector  

SciTech Connect

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) is a SASE x-ray Free-Electron Laser (FEL) project presently under construction at SLAC. The injector section, from drive laser and RF photocathode gun through first bunch compressor chicane, was installed in fall 2006. Initial system commissioning with an electron beam was completed in August 2007, with the goal of a 1.2-micron emittance in a 1-nC bunch clearly demonstrated. The second phase of commissioning, including second bunch compressor and full linac, is planned for 2008, with FEL commissioning in 2009. We report experimental results and experience gained in the first phase of commissioning, including the photo-cathode drive laser, RF gun, photocathode, S-band and X-band RF systems, first bunch compressor, and the various beam diagnostics.

Akre, R.; Dowell, D.; Emma, P.; Frisch, J.; Gilevich, S.; Hays, G.; Hering, Ph.; Iverson, R.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Loos, H.; Miahnahri, A.; Schmerge, J.; Turner, J.; Welch, J.; White, W.; Wu, J.; /SLAC

2007-11-28

244

Commission 53: Extrasolar Planets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commission 53 was created at the 2006 Prague General Assembly (GA) of the IAU, in recognition of the outburst of astronomical progress in the field of extrasolar planet discovery, characterization, and theoretical work that has occurred since the discovery of the first planet in orbit around a solar-type star in 1995. Commission 53 is the logical successor to the IAU Working Group on Extrasolar Planets (WGESP), which ended its six years of existence in August 2006. The founding President of Commission 53 was Michael Mayor, in honor of his seminal contributions to this new field of astronomy. The current President is Alan Boss, the former chair of the WGESP. The current members of the Commission 53 (C53) Organizing Committee (OC) began their service in August 2009 at the conclusion of the Rio de Janeiro IAU GA.

Boss, Alan; Lecavelier des Etangs, Alain; Mayor, Michel; Bodenheimer, Peter; Collier-Cameron, Andrew; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Mardling, Rosemary; Minniti, Dante; Queloz, Didier

2012-04-01

245

15 CFR 990.25 - Settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities...Trustees may settle claims for natural resource damages under this part...the equivalent of the injured natural resources and services. Sums...

2013-01-01

246

32 CFR 536.63 - Settlement agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required under the law of the jurisdiction where...resides, the citation of the statute will be provided...must be represented by a lawyer. If not already represented...settle the claim. (3) Costs. The cost of obtaining court...

2013-07-01

247

SPEAR3 Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

The successful commissioning of the new SPEAR3 light source at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL) will be reviewed. Orbit control, beam-based alignment, and an orbit interlock were commissioned. Orbit motion was characterized as a function of frequency. The linear optics was corrected for ID focusing and coupling errors. The nonlinear optics were investigated with dynamic aperture measurements as a function of energy and tune.

Harkay, K.; Sajaev, V.; /Argonne; Boland, M.J.; Tan, Y.E.; /ASP, Melbourne; Krinsky, S.; Podobedov, B.; /Brookhaven; Decking, W.; /DESY; Ropert, A.; /ESRF, Grenoble; Byrd, J.M.; Robin, D.; Scarvie, T.; Steier, C.; /LBL, Berkeley; Fedurin, M.G.; Jines, P.; /LSU, CAMD; Chang, H.-P.; Kuo, C.-C.; Tsai, H.-J.; /NSRRC, Taiwan; Yoon, M.H.; /POSTECH; Boge, M.; /PSI, Villigen; Allison, S.; Bellomo, P.; /SLAC, SSRL /SOLEIL, Saint-Aubin

2005-05-09

248

Spatial modelling of claim frequency and claim size in non-life insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, models for claim frequency and average claim size in non-life insurance are considered. Both covariates and spatial random effects are included allowing the modelling of a spatial dependency pattern. We assume a Poisson model for the number of claims, while claim size is modelled using a Gamma distribution. However, in contrast to the usual compound Poisson model,

Susanne Gschlößl; Claudia Czado

2007-01-01

249

Effect of aragonite saturation state on settlement and post-settlement growth of Porites astreoides larvae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In response to the increases in pCO2 projected in the 21st century, adult coral growth and calcification are expected to decrease significantly. However, no published studies have investigated the effect of elevated pCO2 on earlier life history stages of corals. Porites astreoides larvae were collected from reefs in Key Largo, Florida, USA, settled and reared in controlled saturation state seawater. Three saturation states were obtained, using 1 M HCl additions, corresponding to present (380 ppm) and projected pCO2 scenarios for the years 2065 (560 ppm) and 2100 (720 ppm). The effect of saturation state on settlement and post-settlement growth was evaluated. Saturation state had no significant effect on percent settlement; however, skeletal extension rate was positively correlated with saturation state, with ~50% and 78% reductions in growth at the mid and high pCO2 treatments compared to controls, respectively.

Albright, R.; Mason, B.; Langdon, C.

2008-09-01

250

The "Global Settlement" With the Tobacco Industry: 6 Years Later  

PubMed Central

On June 20, 1997 a group of attorneys and health advocates proposed a “global settlement” of all public and private litigation against the tobacco industry. This agreement was controversial, and the subsequent implementing legislation was defeated. We sought to determine whether the global settlement represented a “missed opportunity” or a dead end. We compared the global settlement with subsequent laws, regulations, settlements, and judgments against the tobacco industry and found that other than Food and Drug Administration regulation of tobacco, tobacco control advocates have achieved many of the policies included in the global settlement and several beyond it. The policies that have been developed since 1997 have advanced tobacco control substantially, often beyond the provisions of the global settlement.

Givel, Michael; Glantz, Stanton A.

2004-01-01

251

Effect of biofilm age on settlement of Mytilus edulis.  

PubMed

Biofilm ageing is commonly assumed to improve mussel settlement on artificial substrata, but the structure and taxonomic composition of biofilms remains unclear. In the present study, multi-species biofilms were characterized at different ages (1, 2, and 3 weeks) and their influence on settlement of the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, was tested in the field. As biofilms can constitute a consistent food resource for larvae, the lipid quality, defined as the proportion of related essential fatty acids, may be a selection criterion for settlement. Overall mussel settlement increased on biofilms older than 1 week, and the enhanced settlement corresponded to the abundance and composition of the biofilm community, rather than to essential fatty acid levels. However, during a pulse of phytoplankton, the positive influence of biofilm was not detected, suggesting that pelagic cues overwhelmed those associated with biofilms. The influence of biofilms on mussel settlement could be more crucial when planktonic resources are limited. PMID:22978545

Toupoint, Nicolas; Mohit, Vani; Linossier, Isabelle; Bourgougnon, Nathalie; Myrand, Bruno; Olivier, Frédéric; Lovejoy, Connie; Tremblay, Réjean

2012-01-01

252

Spatially stochastic settlement and the coexistence of benthic marine animals.  

PubMed

For sessile organisms, dispersal and recruitment are typically spatially stochastic, but there is little understanding of how this variability scales up to influence processes such as competitive coexistence. Here we argue that coexistence of benthic marine animals is enhanced by stochastic differences between species in the spatial distribution of larval settlement. Differentiation of settlement distributions among competitors results in intraspecifically aggregated settlement, which can reduce overall interspecific competition and increase overall intraspecific competition. We test for the components of this mechanism using a pair of subtidal invertebrates, and we find that the mean interspecific effect of the dominant competitor is substantially reduced by natural settlement variability. Using a simulation parameterized with experimental data, we find that variable settlement could play an important role in long-term coexistence between these species. This mechanism may apply broadly to benthic marine communities, which can be highly diverse and typically exhibit large settlement fluctuation over a range of scales. PMID:21661570

Edwards, Kyle F; Stachowicz, John J

2011-05-01

253

The Google Book Settlement And The Fair Use Counterfactual  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article compares the pending settlement between Google and the representative author and publisher plaintiffs to the most likely outcome of the litigation the settlement resolves. This counterfactual provides a useful benchmark by which to assess the effects, and thus the merits, of the Google Book Search settlement.\\u000aGoogle was never likely to receive the courts unqualified approval for its

Matthew Sag

2009-01-01

254

Variational causal claims in epidemiology.  

PubMed

This article examines definitions of cause in the epidemiological literature. Those definitions describe causes as factors that make a difference to the distribution of disease or to individual health status. In philosophical terms, they are "difference-makers." I argue that those definitions are underpinned by an epistemology and a methodology that hinge upon the notion of variation, contra the dominant Humean paradigm according to which we infer causality from regularity. Furthermore, despite the fact that causes are defined in terms of difference-making, this doesn't fix the causal metaphysics but rather reflects the "variational" epistemology and methodology of epidemiology. I suggest that causality in epidemiology ought to be interpreted according to Williamson's epistemic theory. In this approach, causal attribution depends on the available evidence and on the methods used. In turn, evidence to establish causal claims requires both difference-making and mechanistic considerations. PMID:19855123

Russo, Federica

2009-01-01

255

Population and Settlement Changes in Two Ozark Localities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Population shifts and settlement changes in 2 townships, Buck Prairie Township and Linn Township (near Springfield, Missouri), which are of different agricultural potential and accessibility are examined. (NQ)

Rafferty, Milton D.

1973-01-01

256

Analysis of NHSLA claims in orthopedic surgery.  

PubMed

National Health Service (NHS) statistics in the United Kingdom demonstrate an increase in clinical negligence claims over the past 30 years. Reasons for this include elements of a cultural shift in attitudes toward the medical profession and the growth of the legal services industry. This issue affects medical and surgical health providers worldwide.The authors analyzed 2117 NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) orthopedic surgery claims between 1995 and 2001 with respect to these clinical areas: emergency department, outpatient care, surgery (elective or trauma operations), and inpatient care. The authors focused on the costs of settling and defending claims, costs attributable to clinical areas, common causes of claims, and claims relating to elective or trauma surgery. Numbers of claims and legal costs increased most notably in surgery (elective and trauma) and in the emergency department. However, claims are being defended more robustly. The annual cost for a successful defense has remained relatively stable, showing a slight decline. The common causes of claims are postoperative complication; wrong, delayed, or failure of diagnosis; inadequate consent; and wrong-site surgery. Certain surgical specialties (eg, spine and lower-limb surgery) have the most claims made during elective surgery, whereas upper-limb surgery has the most claims made during trauma surgery.The authors recommend that individual trusts liaise with orthopedic surgeons to devise strategies to address areas highlighted in our study. Despite differences in health care systems worldwide, the underlying issues are common. With improved understanding, physicians can deliver the service they promise their patients. PMID:22588416

Khan, Irfan H; Jamil, Wiqqas; Lynn, Sam Mathew; Khan, Osman H; Markland, Kate; Giddins, Grey

2012-05-01

257

National Indian Gaming Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Indian Gaming Commission is an independent federal regulatory agency, and along with regulating gaming activities on Indian lands, they are also responsible for "shielding Indian tribes from organized crime and other corrupting influences." The Commission's website is designed to inform interested parties about their ongoing activities, and visitors will find that the information here ranges from calendars of upcoming conferences to official decisions and actions taken by the Commission. First-time visitors may wish to start by looking over the FAQ section within the "About Us" area. Once there, they can find the answers to questions like "Do Indian tribes pay taxes?" and "What happens to the profits from Indian gaming operations?" Moving on, the "Laws & Regulations" area contains the text of such important documents as the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act and the Johnson Act. The site is rounded out by the "Reading Room", which contains recent and past bulletins, gaming ordinances, and a list of tribal gaming operations.

258

Does workplace health promotion decrease medical claims?  

PubMed

We examined the relationship between workplace health promotion and medical claims in 38 textile plants, considering also the effects of demographic and contextual variables (i.e., average worker age, sex ratio, racial composition, plant product, and access to medical services). Number of claims per worker varied threefold among plants but was independent of plant workforce's sex ratio, racial composition, and access to medical services. Worker age predicted claims; in a linear regression model, age, sex, race, plant product, and access explained 23% of variance in claims. Health promotion was also related to claims, and its inclusion in the model (with interaction terms involving plant product) explained 54% of variance in claims, with the deletion of race, sex, and access from the reduced model. We concluded that effective health promotion must address the contexts of different types of plant product. PMID:1599718

Wheat, J R; Graney, M J; Shachtman, R H; Ginn, G L; Patrick, D L; Hulka, B S

259

32 CFR 751.9 - Presentment of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... PERSONNEL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Claims Against the United States § 751.9 Presentment of claim. (a) General...questionable include amounts claimed that are exaggerated in comparison with the cost of similar items, insignificant or...

2013-07-01

260

43 CFR 3871.1 - Filing of claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.1 Filing of claim. (a) An adverse claim must be filed with the authorized officer of the proper...

2012-10-01

261

ATF2 Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

ATF2 is a final-focus test beam line that aims to focus the low-emittance beam from the ATF damping ring to a beam size of about 37 nm, and at the same time to demonstrate nm beam stability, using numerous advanced beam diagnostics and feedback tools. The construction has been finished at the end of 2008 and the beam commissioning of ATF2 has started in December of 2008. ATF2 is constructed and commissioned by ATF international collaborations with strong US, Asian and European participation.

Seryi, A.; /SLAC; Christian, G.; /KLTE-ATOMKI; Parker, B.; /BNL; Schulte, D.; Delahaye, J.-P.; Tomas, R.; Zimmermann, F.; /CERN; Wolski, A.; Elsen, E.; /Cockcroft Inst. /DESY; Sanuki, T.; /Tohoku U.; Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; Ross, M.; Wendt, M.; /Fermilab; Takahashi, T.; /Hiroshima U.; Bai, S.; Gao, J.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Bolzon, B.; Geffroy, N.; Jeremie, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Apsimon, R.; Burrows, P.; /Oxford U., JAI /Kyoto U., Inst. Chem. Res. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /Orsay, LAL /Phang Accelerator Lab /Royal Holloway, U. of London /SLAC /Daresbury /University Coll. London /Manchester U. /Univ. of Tokyo U.

2009-10-30

262

22 CFR 103.9 - Final agency decision after settlement negotiations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...parties and the case will proceed as though no settlement proposal had been made. (b) Settlements following issuance of a NOVA â(1) Approval of settlement. When the Department of Commerce and respondent reach an agreement to settle a...

2013-04-01

263

26 CFR 157.5891-1 - Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions. 157.5891-1 Section... EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions § 157.5891-1...

2010-04-01

264

26 CFR 157.5891-1 - Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Imposition of excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions. 157.5891-1 Section... EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Tax on Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions § 157.5891-1...

2009-04-01

265

45 CFR 672.11 - Informal settlement; consent agreement and order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ENFORCEMENT AND HEARING PROCEDURES § 672.11 Informal settlement...settlement whether or not the respondent requests a hearing. Settlement conferences shall not affect...

2012-10-01

266

45 CFR 672.11 - Informal settlement; consent agreement and order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ENFORCEMENT AND HEARING PROCEDURES § 672.11 Informal settlement...settlement whether or not the respondent requests a hearing. Settlement conferences shall not affect...

2011-10-01

267

The Justification of Music-Structural Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article addresses the justification of music-structural claims, that is, any statements that assign a structure to a musical passage or a work. It is suggested that a theorist T is justified in making such a claim to the extent that (i) T is able to specify a rule that takes a given musical passage as its input and produces the claim as its…

Huovinen, Erkki

2008-01-01

268

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

269

Lognormal mixed models for reported claims reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional claims-reserving techniques are based on so-called run-off triangles containing aggregate claim figures. Such a triangle provides a summary of an underlying data set with individual claim figures. This contribution explores the interpretation of the available individual data in the framework of longitudinal data analysis. Making use of the theory of linear mixed models, a flexible model for loss reserving

Katrien Antonio; Jan Beirlant; Tom Hoedemakers; Robert Verlaak

2006-01-01

270

False Claims Act prosecution did not deter off-label drug use in the case of neurontin.  

PubMed

Since 2004 the United States has collected approximately $8 billion from fraud enforcement actions against pharmaceutical manufacturers accused under the federal False Claims Act of illegally promoting drugs for off-label uses. Using the case of gabapentin (Neurontin), a drug approved for epilepsy but prescribed for a variety of conditions, we sought to determine whether the enforcement action also influenced off-label prescribing rates. We conducted a segmented time-series analysis using key legal milestones: the initiation of a sealed investigation, public announcement of the investigation, and settlement of the case. Off-label use grew steadily until settlement, when gabapentin prescriptions declined for both off-label and on-label indications. Because enforcement actions targeting illegal off-label promotion might not have a substantial deterrent effect on prescription rates until after settlement, they should be combined with other efforts to combat off-label promotion. These could include additional resources for enforcement and a steep increase in penalties because settlements to this point have been dwarfed by the financial gains to pharmaceutical companies from engaging in improper off-label marketing. PMID:22147859

Kesselheim, Aaron S; Darby, Devan; Studdert, David M; Glynn, Robert; Levin, Raisa; Avorn, Jerry

2011-12-01

271

Health Claims Meeting Significant Scientific Agreement (SSA)  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Denied Health Claims. Alkaline and Earth Alkaline Citrates and Risk of Osteoporosis October 30, 2007. -. -. Page Last Updated ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

272

Consumer perceptions of nutrition and health claims.  

PubMed

The number of food products containing extra or reduced levels of specific ingredients (e.g. extra calcium) that bring particular health benefits (e.g. stronger bones) is still increasing. Nutrition- and health-related (NH) claims promoting these ingredient levels and their health benefit differ in terms of the (legal) strength with which the claim is brought forward and the specific wording of the claim, both of which may differ between countries. Using a large-scale cross-national internet-based survey in Italy (n=1566), Germany (n=1620), UK (n=1560) and US (n=1621), the purpose of the study described here is to investigate consumer perceptions of NH food product claims, across different countries. NH claims are systematically varied as a function of six health benefits (cardiovascular disease, stress, infections, fatigue, overweight and concentration) and five claim types (content, structure-function, product, disease-risk reduction and marketing claim). The general results indicate that consumer perceptions differ substantially by country and benefit being claimed but much less by the claim type. Implications of these findings are being discussed. PMID:17157958

van Trijp, Hans C M; van der Lans, Ivo A

2006-12-08

273

Climate Variability and the Settlement of Oceania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial discovery and settlement of the islands of Oceania is an important issue in Pacific anthropology. Settlement of this region generally proceeded against the direction of the dominant trade winds leading to questions concerning the degree of maritime skill possessed by early Pacific mariners. We use a computer simulation to test two basic exploration strategies: drift voyages and downwind sailing, focusing on the region of the initial eastward expansion into Oceania by the Lapita people. Simulations are driven by high resolution surface wind and current data from atmosphere and ocean models forced by real observations and which capture the high degree of seasonal and interannual variability in the region. We find that climatic variability associated with the Australian monsoon circulation and El Nino plays a key role in facilitating eastward crossings. Both drift and sailing voyages can account for the discovery of all the islands in the Lapita region based on initial starting points in the Bismarck and Solomon archipelagos. Many of our findings differ from an important, earlier modeling study performed by Levison et al. (1973).

Avis, C.; Montenegro, A.; Weaver, A. J.

2007-12-01

274

Commission 10: Solar Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commission 10 aims at the study of various forms of solar activity, including net- works, plages, pores, spots, fibrils, surges, jets, filaments\\/prominences, coronal loops, flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), solar cycle, microflares, nanoflares, coronal heating etc., which are all manifestation of the interplay of magnetic fields and solar plasma. Increasingly important is the study of solar activities as sources of

Donald B. Melrose; Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi; Carolus J. Schrijver; Lyndsay Fletcher; Natchimuthuk Gopalswamy; Richard A. Harrison; Cristina H. Mandrini; K. J. Schrijver; Bojan Vršnak; Jing-Xiu Wang

2005-01-01

275

Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances  

SciTech Connect

This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

NONE

1997-11-01

276

Mental Health Act Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to promote a clearer under standing of the Mental Health Commission's develop ment, structure and function. Over recent years, mental health professionals and patients have become more aware of the organisation and its work, although some may remain uncertain about its function and how it fits into the overall care of detained patients. The

L. Blom-Cooper; William Bingley

1982-01-01

277

Commission 42: Close Binaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The triennial report from Commission 42 covers various topics like massive binaries, contact systems, cataclysmic variables and low-mass binary stars. We try in a number of sections to provide an update on the current status of the main research areas in the field of close binaries. It is not a formal review, even complete or comprehensive, but an attempt to

Alvaro Giménez; Slavek Rucinski; P. Szkody; D. Gies; Y.-W. Kang; J. Linsky; M. Livio; N. Morrell; R. Hilditch; B. Nordström; I. Ribas; E. Sion; S. Vrielman

2007-01-01

278

SPEAR 3 Commissioning Software  

SciTech Connect

The short SPEAR 3 startup time required precommissioned software for machine setup, beam measurements and data analysis. To accomplish this goal, we used Matlab with the Accelerator Toolbox (AT), the Channel Access Toolbox (MCA) and Middle Layer software to integrate code and streamline production. This paper outlines the software architecture, describes the Middle Layer component and provides examples from SPEAR 3 commissioning.

Corbett, W.J.; Portmann, G.J.; Safranek, J.A.; Terebilo, A.; /SLAC, SSRL

2005-05-09

279

Commission on Liberal Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study emphasis within the Commission on Liberal Learning during the year was on the role of liberal education in the society of the future. The relationship of undergraduate liberal education to the world macro-problem--population growth, industrial production, food, materials and energy scarcities, pollution and environmental degradation--was…

Hazzard, George W.

1976-01-01

280

Commission on Liberal Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study emphasis within the Commission on Liberal Learning during the year was on the role of liberal education in the society of the future. The relationship of undergraduate liberal education to the world macro-problem--population growth, industrial production, food, materials and energy scarcities, pollution and environmental degradation--was…

Hazzard, George W.

1976-01-01

281

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances  

SciTech Connect

This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

Not Available

1994-10-01

282

Judicial Review of Settlements and Consent Decrees: An Economic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a well-known fact that most litigation, civil and criminal, ends in settlement rather than trial. Somewhat less attention is paid to the rules that govern the process of settlement. This should not be too surprising, given that the general rule is that there are no rules: parties to a lawsuit are free to settle without obtaining the court's

Sanford I. Weisburst

1999-01-01

283

Buckling strength of cylindrical steel tanks under harmonic settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large vertical cylindrical steel tanks for bulk and fluid storage are usually constructed in soft foundations, so it is not surprising that tank foundations are susceptible to various types of settlement beneath the tank wall, which is usually decomposed as a Fourier series in harmonics. In this paper, buckling strength of cylindrical fixed-roof steel storage tanks under harmonic settlement is

Qing-shuai Cao; Yang Zhao

2010-01-01

284

Vibration characteristics of vaulted masonry monuments undergoing differential support settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the feasibility of vibration testing to detect structural damage caused by the settlement of buttresses in the Beverley Minster, a Gothic church located in the UK. Over the past eight centuries, the accumulated support settlements of the buttresses of Beverley Minster have pulled the main nave walls outward, causing severe separation along the edges of the masonry

Sezer Atamturktur; Luke Bornn; François Hemez

2011-01-01

285

Identification of Ethnic Settlement Regions: Amish-Mennonites in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines four methods of identifying Amish-Mennonite settlement: local population data on religious affiliation; location of Amish church districts and Mennonite churches; topographic maps; and surnames and cadastral maps. Topographic maps proved unsuitable. Other methods produced reasonable approximations of Amish and Mennonite settlement. (TES)|

Kent, Robert B.; Neugebauer, Randall J.

1990-01-01

286

Tobacco Regulation through Litigation: The Master Settlement Agreement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement resolved the unprecedented litigation in which the states sought to recoup the cigarette-related Medicaid costs. The litigation was settled through a combination of negotiated regulatory requirements and financial payments of about $250 billion over 25 years. Settlement payments received by states are strongly related to smoking-related medical costs but are also related to political factors.

W. Kip Viscusi; Joni Hersch

2009-01-01

287

How Does Life Settlement Affect the Primary Life Insurance Market?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effect of the life settlement market on the structure of long term contracts offered by the primary market for life insurance, as well as the effect on consumer welfare, using a dynamic model of life insurance with one sided commitment and bequest-driven lapsation. We show that the presence of life settlement affects the extent as well as

Hanming Fang; Edward Kung

2010-01-01

288

PERFORMANCE AND RISKS OF OPEN-END LIFE SETTLEMENT FUNDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a comprehensive analysis of open-end funds dedicated to investing in U.S. senior life settlements. We begin by explaining their business model and the roles of institutions involved in the transactions of such funds. Next, we conduct the first empirical analysis of life settlement funds' return distributions as well as a performance measurement, including a comparison to other

ALEXANDER BRAUN; NADINE GATZERT; HATO SCHMEISER

2010-01-01

289

THE EDUCATIONAL DIMENSION OF THE EARLY CHICAGO SETTLEMENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AMERICAN SETTLEMENT HOUSES CAME INTO BEING AS AN EXPERIMENTAL EFFORT TO SOLVE THE SOCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS IN A GREAT CITY. THEIR BROAD GOAL WAS TO BRIDGE THE CHASM OF MISUNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE HAVES AND THE HAVE NOTS BY A 3-FOLD EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM -- (1) RESIDENTS OF THE SETTLEMENTS EDUCATED THEMSELVES ABOUT THE LIVES OF THE POOR BY…

WADE, LOUISE C.

290

Neural network based stochastic design charts for settlement prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional methods of settlement prediction of shallow foundations on granular soils are far from accurate and consistent. This can be attributed to the fact that the problem of estimating the settlement of shallow foundations on granular soils is very complex and not yet entirely understood. Recently, artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been shown to outperform the most commonly used traditional

M. A. Shahin; M. B. Jaksa; H. R. Maier

2005-01-01

291

CHLOROQUINE-RESISTANTPLASMODIUM VIVAXIN TRANSMIGRATION SETTLEMENTS OF WEST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Malariometric surveys were conducted during July 1996 in native Dayak villages and predominantly Javanese transmigration settlements in Ketapang district of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Malaria prevalence ranged from 0.9% to 2.7% in Dayak villages and from 1% to 20% in the transmigration settlements. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 67% of the cases among Dayaks but P. vivax was dominant among transmigrants, accounting

DAVID J. FRYAUFF; SEKAR TUTI; AGUS MARDI; SOFYAN MASBAR; RICKY PATIPELOHI; BUDI LEKSANA; KEVIN C. KAIN; MICHAEL J. BANGS; THOMAS L. RICHIE; J. KEVIN BAIRD

292

Adding coral rubble to substrata enhances settlement of Pocillopora damicornis larvae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Settlement preferences of Pocillopora damicornis larvae were examined on artificial substrata. Planulation of P. damicornis followed a lunar cycle and the release of larvae occurred after new moon. P. damicornis larvae had the highest rates of settlement within 3 days of being presented settlement substrata. Cumulative settlement gradually increased from 3 to 8 days, and post-settlement mortality was most frequent after 8 days. Settlement experiments showed greatest settlement preference to cement tiles containing 10% coral rubble. This study suggests that physical cues are important in the settlement process, which may be useful for coral reef rehabilitation projects.

Lee, C. S.; Walford, J.; Goh, B. P. L.

2009-06-01

293

76 FR 54465 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9458-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for...

2011-09-01

294

76 FR 71027 - Proposed Settlement Agreements, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9492-6] Proposed Settlement Agreements, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreements; Request for...

2011-11-16

295

75 FR 16461 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9133-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; Request for...

2010-04-01

296

77 FR 19013 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9653-7] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of a proposed settlement agreement; request...

2012-03-29

297

75 FR 82392 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9246-1] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for...

2010-12-30

298

75 FR 75672 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9235-1] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for...

2010-12-06

299

77 FR 50506 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL 9719-8] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for...

2012-08-21

300

76 FR 58507 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9468-6] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; Request for...

2011-09-21

301

76 FR 81930 - Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9614-3] Proposed Settlement Agreement, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for...

2011-12-29

302

Effect of Claims Processing Work Simplification Initiatives on Network Non-Institutional Professional Claims Processing Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managed care organizations (MCO) must make every effort to improve the effectiveness of claims processing and reporting or they will risk the loss of member and provider satisfaction and ultimately lose their ability to remain solvent. The status of claim...

B. A. Coleman

2000-01-01

303

76 FR 36176 - Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims-Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 2900-0747] Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits); Correction AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans...

2011-06-21

304

76 FR 35086 - Proposed Information Collection (Fully Developed Claim (Fully Developed Claims-Applications for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits)) Activity: Comment Request...Developed Claims--Applications for Compensation, Pension, DIC, Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits, VA Forms...

2011-06-15

305

Rising CO2 concentrations affect settlement behaviour of larval damselfishes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reef fish larvae actively select preferred benthic habitat, relying on olfactory, visual and acoustic cues to discriminate between microhabitats at settlement. Recent studies show exposure to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) impairs olfactory cue recognition in larval reef fishes. However, whether this alters the behaviour of settling fish or disrupts habitat selection is unknown. Here, the effect of elevated CO2 on larval behaviour and habitat selection at settlement was tested in three species of damselfishes (family Pomacentridae) that differ in their pattern of habitat use: Pomacentrus amboinensis (a habitat generalist), Pomacentrus chrysurus (a rubble specialist) and Pomacentrus moluccensis (a live coral specialist). Settlement-stage larvae were exposed to current-day CO2 levels or CO2 concentrations that could occur by 2100 (700 and 850 ppm) based on IPCC emission scenarios. First, pair-wise choice tests were performed using a two-channel flume chamber to test olfactory discrimination between hard coral, soft coral and coral rubble habitats. The habitat selected by settling fish was then compared among treatments using a multi-choice settlement experiment conducted overnight. Finally, settlement timing between treatments was compared across two lunar cycles for one of the species, P. chrysurus. Exposure to elevated CO2 disrupted the ability of larvae to discriminate between habitat odours in olfactory trials. However, this had no effect on the habitats selected at settlement when all sensory cues were available. The timing of settlement was dramatically altered by CO2 exposure, with control fish exhibiting peak settlement around the new moon, whereas fish exposed to 850 ppm CO2 displaying highest settlement rates around the full moon. These results suggest larvae can rely on other sensory information, such as visual cues, to compensate for impaired olfactory ability when selecting settlement habitat at small spatial scales. However, rising CO2 could cause larvae to settle at unfavourable times, with potential consequences for larval survival and population replenishment.

Devine, B. M.; Munday, P. L.; Jones, G. P.

2012-03-01

306

Rural-urban migration and squatter settlement formation in African cities: A case study of a Ghanaian squatter settlement (Tema)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The massive rural to urban migration in developing countries has been identified as the cause of the existence of squatter settlements in the neighboring urban areas. This thesis puts forward a comprehensive theoretical framework of the process that leads to the formation and growth of such settlements. It is argued that, under intense urbanization, the number of urban migrants far

Thomas Y. Owunsu

1991-01-01

307

Vendor cited for false PFC savings claim  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Cynex power factor controller (PFC) vendor claiming a 60% saving was cited by the Better Business Bureau for false advertising after a user survey revealed that savings were only 20% at best. The company plans no future advertising claims, although it insists that 60% savings are possible. The inventor disagrees. (DCK)

Greenstein

1983-01-01

308

Natural Language Analysis of Patent Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a NLP methodology for ana- lyzing patent claims that combines sym- bolic grammar formalisms with data- intensive methods while enhancing analy- sis robustness. The output of our analyzer is a shallow interlingual representation that captures both the structure and con- tent of a claim text. The methodology can be used in any patent-related application, such as machine translation,

Svetlana Sheremetyeva

2005-01-01

309

Metastasizing patent claims on BRCA1  

PubMed Central

Many patents make claims on DNA sequences; some include claims on oligonucleotides related to the primary patented gene. We used bioinformatics to quantify the reach of one such claim from patent 4,747,282 on BRCA1. We find that human chromosome 1 (which does not contain BRCA1) contains over 300,000 oligonucleotides covered by this claim, and that 80% of cDNA and mRNA sequences contributed to GenBank before the patent application was filed also contain at least one claimed oligonucleotide. Any “isolated” DNA molecules that include such 15bp nucleotide sequences would fall under the claim as granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office. Anyone making, using, selling, or importing such a molecule for any purpose within the United States would thus be infringing the claim. This claim and others like it turn out, on examination, to be surprisingly broad, and if enforced would have substantial implications for medical practice and scientific research.

Kepler, Thomas B.; Crossman, Colin; Cook-Deegan, Robert

2010-01-01

310

Global Warming: Claims, Science, and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widespread (and seemingly dominant) claims about the dire consequences of anthropogenic global warming (AGW) have been propagated by both scientists and politicians and have been prominently featured by much of the mass media. This talk will examine some of those claims --- such as those made in the popular pro-AGW film, An Inconvenient Truth^1 --- from the perspectives of science^2

Laurence I. Gould

2007-01-01

311

27 CFR 70.413 - Claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Distilled Spirits, Wines, and Beer § 70.413 Claims. (a) Claims...material and denatured spirits), wine, or beer on which the tax has not been...the tax on distilled spirits, wines, or beer is assessed and the taxpayer...

2013-04-01

312

Internet Survey of Nutrition Claim Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer interest in healthy foods has spurred approval of several health claims for foods and dietary supple- ments. Although undergraduate and gradu- ate food science curricula address food laws and regulations, nutrition claims may not be fully addressed. We posted a survey on the Internet for 2 mo for food industry professionals and others interested in tak- ing the survey

Mary E. Camire; Michael P. Dougherty

2006-01-01

313

46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...287 and 1001 and all other penalty provisions for making...claim for injury, illness, or death shall be attached. If...does not involve a seaman's death, the following information...personal injury, illness or death, the claim shall provide...

2011-10-01

314

46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...287 and 1001 and all other penalty provisions for making...claim for injury, illness, or death shall be attached. If...does not involve a seaman's death, the following information...personal injury, illness or death, the claim shall provide...

2012-10-01

315

Moral Minimalism in American Indian Land Claims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an essay about Indian claims for the return of historically stolen lands, written from the perspective of a "Western" academic moral philosopher. I want to try to outline points of agreement and disagreement between Indian and Western moral conceptions and to seek common ground on which land claims can be more clearly evaluated and…

Hendrix, Burke A.

2005-01-01

316

Delays in claiming social security benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a takeup decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney COILE; Peter DIAMOND; Jonathan GRUBER; Alain JOUSTEN

2000-01-01

317

Vendor cited for false PFC savings claim  

SciTech Connect

A Cynex power factor controller (PFC) vendor claiming a 60% saving was cited by the Better Business Bureau for false advertising after a user survey revealed that savings were only 20% at best. The company plans no future advertising claims, although it insists that 60% savings are possible. The inventor disagrees. (DCK)

Greenstein, I.

1983-08-29

318

Data Tape of Medical Malpractice Closed Claims.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a user's tape consisting of data items from 4,126 medical malpractice closed claims between July 1, 1976, and October 31, 1976. The purpose of the data collection effort was to construct a file of closed claims data for analysis of injuries and co...

G. A. Schnack

1976-01-01

319

Delays in claiming social security benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney Coile; Peter Diamond; Jonathan Gruber; Alain Jousten

2002-01-01

320

Delays in Claiming Social Security Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on Social Security benefit claiming behavior, a take-up decision that has been ignored in the previous literature. Using financial calculations and simulations based on an expected utility maximization model, we show that delaying benefit claim for a period of time after retirement is optimal in a wide variety of cases and that gains from delay may be

Courtney Coile; Peter Diamond; Jonathan Gruber; Alain Jousten

1999-01-01

321

Internet Survey of Nutrition Claim Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consumer interest in healthy foods has spurred approval of several health claims for foods and dietary supplements. Although undergraduate and graduate food science curricula address food laws and regulations, nutrition claims may not be fully addressed. We posted a survey on the Internet for 2 mo for food industry professionals and others…

Camire, Mary E.; Dougherty, Michael P.

2005-01-01

322

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...e) and (k) do not apply to a claim arising incident to noncombat activities. (j) Claims based on strict or absolute liability and similar theories. (k) Claims payable under subparts D or J of this part, or under AR 27-20,...

2013-07-01

323

Probiotics and prebiotics: health claim substantiation.  

PubMed

'Probiotics' and 'prebiotics' by definition should have health benefits. Health claims on microorganisms proposed as probiotics and probiotic stimulating agents (prebiotics) suggest that there is a relationship between the specific food and maintaining good health or that the food can reduce the risk of a disease. The Health Claim Regulation in European Union aims at a level consumer protection. Thereby, health claim assessment focuses on defining the probiotics and prebiotics, assessing the health relationship and evaluating studies with emphasis on controlled human intervention studies. The challenges include the focus of claims for healthy populations while most intervention studies with probiotics and prebiotics have been conducted in patients or subjects at risk of specific diseases. Another challenge is the risk reduction claim, which requires demonstrated changes in biomarkers that are generally accepted as indicators of disease risk. Existing assessment opinions from EFSA illustrate the need for further research for probiotics and prebiotics in the future. PMID:23990821

Salminen, Seppo; van Loveren, Henk

2012-06-18

324

Settlement specifics: Effective induction of abalone settlement and metamorphosis corresponds to biomolecular composition of natural cues.  

PubMed

Chemical signaling plays a major role in shaping life history processes that drive ecology and evolution in marine systems, notably including habitat selection by marine invertebrate larvae that must settle out of the plankton onto the benthos.1 For larvae, the identification of appropriate habitats in which to settle and undergo metamorphosis to the adult form relies heavily on the recognition of cues indicative of a favorable environment. By documenting settlement responses of larvae of the tropical abalone, Haliotis asinina, to a range of coralline algae species, we recently highlighted the species-specific nature of this interaction.2 Here, we demonstrate that this specificity is likely driven by chemical, rather than physical, properties of the algae. Our initial characterization of the surface cell biomarkers from three different algal species shows that inductive cue biomolecular composition correlates with variations in larval settlement response. PMID:19721887

Williams, Elizabeth A; Cummins, Scott; Degnan, Sandie M

2009-07-01

325

Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances  

SciTech Connect

This report includes the issuances received during the April 1996 reporting period from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking. Included are issuances pertaining to: (1) Yankee Nuclear Power Station, (2) Georgia Tech Research Reactor, (3) River Bend Station, (4) Millstone Unit 1, (5) Thermo-Lag fire barrier material, and (6) Louisiana Energy Services.

NONE

1996-04-01

326

TAY: Archeological Settlements of Turkey Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This ambitious project is the first, and currently only, culture/settlement inventory of an entire country on the Internet. The TAY project was begun in 1993 "to build a chronological inventory of findings about the cultural heritage of Turkey." TAY accomplishes this mission by locating, identifying, and protecting archaeological sites, as well as providing a huge data pool and scientific reference base for researchers and students. The information is offered in a database located on the site. Currently, only the first section (Palaeolithic/ Epipalaeolithic) is available, but the Neolithic section is promised to be added soon. The Palaeolithic/ Epipalaeolithic section is searchable by a number of variables and contains information on 212 discovered sites. Search returns include an overview of the site (location, geography and environment, research and stratigraphy, and finds) as well as of maps and drawings. The site is also available in Turkish.

1998-01-01

327

Population issues surface at human settlements conference.  

PubMed

This news brief focuses on the debate about population issues at the UN Conference on Human Settlements, held in Istanbul, Turkey, in June 1996. The Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements was adopted by world leaders at the conference. Leaders were committed to programs to improve standards of living, the right of citizens to adequate housing, and the mobilization of new financial resources. Dr. Sadik, as Executive Director of the UN Population Fund, stressed that natural increase accounts for 60% of urban population growth. Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, as UN Secretary General, stressed that over 50% of world population would live in urban centers by the year 2000, and almost 75% might do so by 2025. He indicated that all nations are interrelated; the poor and refugees from political conflict from one country travel to safer and richer countries. Dr. Sadik referred to the agreement at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) on stabilizing world population in the shortest time possible. This would require meeting the needs of men and women for health, education, and the power of personal decision making. The most important item was the satisfaction of women's need for reproductive health information and services and women's power to use services. Dr. Sadik urged that women be given the right to hold and inherit property and to obtain credit. It was pointed out that the language of Habitat's plan of action on population and development issues was frequently bracketed; consequently, the plan suffered from a lack of consensus. The debate between countries would end, if the language were not bracketed. Dr. Sadik recommended family planning for developing sustainable and liveable cities. PMID:12291707

328

A Guide to Building Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

Commissioning is the process of verifying that a building's heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting systems perform correctly and efficiently. Without commissioning, system and equipment problems can result in higher than necessary utility bills and unexpected and costly equipment repairs. This report reviews the benefits of commissioning, why it is a requirement for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification, and why building codes are gradually adopting commissioning activities into code.

Baechler, Michael C.

2011-09-01

329

How did the Master Settlement Agreement change tobacco industry expenditures for cigarette advertising and promotions?  

PubMed

The 1998 multistate Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) with the tobacco industry restricted cigarette advertising and promotions. The MSA monetary settlement was also associated with an average cigarette price increase of U.S.$1.19/pack between 1998 and 2001 to fund, in part, industry payments to the states. We examined Federal Trade Commission reports on how the tobacco industry spends its cigarette advertising and promotional dollars to see if changes expected as a result of the MSA occurred. Expected changes included reduced total expenditures and reductions for outdoor advertising, specialty promotional items identified with a brand (e.g., caps, t-shirts, lighters), and public entertainment. However, tobacco industry spending for advertising and promotions increased 96% between 1995 and 2001, with large increases in 1998 and 1999, as the MSA took effect. Between 1997 and 2001, outdoor advertising declined 98%, expenditures for specialty promotional items decreased 41%, although public entertainment increased 45%. However, in 2001, these categories represented only a small fraction of the total budget. Expenditures for retail-value-added increased 344% between 1997 and 2001 (to 42.5% of total), perhaps to mitigate increased cigarette prices. In 2001, the incentives-to-merchants and retail-value-added categories comprised more than 80% of total expenditures. To adequately monitor tobacco industry expenditures as they adapt to the MSA and other tobacco control efforts, more refined reporting categories are essential. PMID:15231101

Pierce, John P; Gilpin, Elizabeth A

2004-07-01

330

Palama Settlement: 100 years of serving a neighborhood's needs.  

PubMed

The founding of Palama Settlement brought to those who might not be able to afford it public health nurses for maternal care and nutrition, well-baby clinics, tuberculosis clinics, medical and dental clinics, and eventually major support of medical needs during and after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Palama Settlement celebrates its centennial year with many of its early functions assumed by state and private organizations, but it is prepared to enter the next 100 years of service to the community. Palama was founded by James Arthur Rath with the purpose of serving the community; many people today remember their childhood and Palama Settlement. PMID:8586547

Rath, P

1995-11-01

331

The influence of resident adults on larval settlement: experiments with four species of ascidians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residents within any community can affect the larval settlement of both their own and other species. In marine sessile communities resident adults can affect larval settlement by preying on settling larvae, removing or adding space for the larvae to colonize, or stimulating or prohibiting larval settlement on available substratum nearby. To examine those processes by which residents affect settlement, we

Richard W. Osman; Robert B. Whitlatch

1995-01-01

332

Future of multistate regional commissions  

SciTech Connect

Multistate regional commissions in the United States have been used since 1965. The largest program has been that of the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). Institutional and financial barriers have been the most difficult problems encountered by the ARC and other programs (such as Title V commissions). Despite the imperfect performance of the existing regional commissions, they offer a demonstration that some improvement in governmental performance can be achieved. There is virtual unanimity among the nation's governors that this is the route for Federal state relations to follow. Also, the commission route is viewed privately as the most socially acceptable means to have a beneficial impact on government performance. (SAC)

Newman, M.

1980-04-01

333

The mix of international banks’ foreign claims: Determinants and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the cross-country determinants and financial stability implications of the mix of international banks’ foreign claims. We distinguish between local claims – extended by host country affiliates – and cross-border claims – booked outside the receiving country. Using data on Italian, Spanish, and US banks’ foreign claims, we find that the share of local claims is driven by restrictions

Alicia García Herrero; Maria Soledad Martínez Pería

2007-01-01

334

45 CFR 500.1 - Appearance and representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...designated by the Attorney General of the United States, may represent the United States in a claim proceeding. (e) In...Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, Washington, DC 20579. Upon receipt of a...

2012-10-01

335

45 CFR 500.1 - Appearance and representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...designated by the Attorney General of the United States, may represent the United States in a claim proceeding. (e) In...Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, Washington, DC 20579. Upon receipt of a...

2011-10-01

336

33 CFR 136.107 - Subrogated claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 136.107 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE POLLUTION FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND COMPENSATION OIL SPILL LIABILITY TRUST FUND; CLAIMS PROCEDURES; DESIGNATION OF...

2013-07-01

337

18 CFR 1308.6 - Fraudulent claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01...claims. 1308.6 Section 1308.6 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE...AUTHORITY CONTRACT DISPUTES General Matters § 1308.6 Fraudulent...

2013-04-01

338

43 CFR 2623.2 - Claims protected.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...by the State, proceedings with respect thereto by protest, contest, hearing, etc., will be had in the form and manner prescribed...procedure will be followed in the matter of all protests, contests, or claims filed by individuals, associations, or...

2012-10-01

339

14 CFR 1261.105 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...business enterprise. (e) Articles of extraordinary value. Claims may not be allowed for valuable articles, such as cameras, watches, jewelry, furs; or other articles of extraordinary value, when shipped with household goods or as...

2012-01-01

340

Testing a Claim of Extraterrestrial Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December 2004, members of The SETI League, Inc. and the Invitation to ETI group were called upon to evaluate, and ultimately perform laboratory testing of, a claim of extraterrestrial electromagnetic technology present on Earth. These tests were undertaken because, although the claims were highly questionable, the claimant himself seemed reasonably credible, and a positive outcome, though unlikely, could have tremendous payoffs. The claim was rigorously tested but this produced a null result. This paper explores the initial claim, our reaction to it, the evaluation process, the observed results, lessons learned, and our conclusions. Despite the outcome, it was felt that all concerned showed great professionalism, and applied scientific rigor to a challenging situation.

Schuch, H. P.; Tough, A.

341

Advocacy Group Claims Lack of Drug Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Health Research Group claim that less than 7 percent of all new drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in recent years were considered to be important therapeutic gains. (SL)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

1978-01-01

342

14 CFR 1261.302 - Claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or Loss of Property or Personal Injury or Death-Accruing On or After January 18, 1967...loss of property, or personal injury or death. A claim âarisesâ at the place where the injury, loss, or death...

2012-01-01

343

29 CFR 100.618 - Bankruptcy claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Debt Collection Procedures...Bankruptcy claims. When the NLRB learns that a...further collection action, the NLRB will immediately seek legal advice from the NLRB's Office of...

2013-07-01

344

44 CFR 62.20 - Claims appeals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...by-laws; proof of other insurance, including homeowners or wind policies and any claim information submitted to the other...death certificates; a copy of the will; divorce decree, power of attorney; current lienholder information; current...

2012-10-01

345

14 CFR 1261.105 - Unallowable claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Money or currency. Claims may not be allowed for loss of money or currency, except when lost incident to fire, flood, hurricane, other natural disaster, or by theft from quarters (as limited by paragraph (a)). Reimbursement for loss of...

2013-01-01

346

Experimental Study of Qualified Health Claims: Consumer ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... However, in Scheme 3, a B-level disclaimer has a highly significant and positive impact on this rating relative to that of an unqualified claim. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition

347

THE EMMA COMMISSIONING PROCEDURE  

SciTech Connect

The author begins with a brief review of the goals of the EMMA experiment. He then describe two stages of EMMA commissioning. The first stage is simply to get the beam to circulate a full turn in the ring, and is done only once during the course of the experiment. The second stage will be repeated several times, at least once for each lattice configuration, and involves two parts: setting the required values for the machine parameters, and determining the tunes and time of flight as a function of energy.

BERG,J.S.

2007-11-05

348

International Commission on Stratigraphy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information about the International Commission on Stratigraphy, a collection of downloadable stratigraphic charts and columns, an abridged version of the International Stratigraphic Guide, links to industry journals and publications, and links to a collection of other stratigraphy-related websites. It also features a detailed chart of global boundary stratotype sections and points, as well as the Time Scale Creator, software that lets users create customized downloadable charts of any portion of the geologic time scale and correlated earth history events. The site also links to the GeoWhen Database, a collection of detailed time-scale representations and classifications.

Stratigraphy, International C.

349

The SNS RFQ Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

LBNL has built for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project a 402.5 MHz RFQ that is designed to accelerate up to 60 mA H{sup -} from 65 keV to 2.5 MeV [1]. A one millisecond pulse length at 60 Hz provides a 6% duty factor. The RFQ has now been built, conditioned at full duty factor and tested with beam. This paper will present results from the final installation, tuning and beam commissioning. Beam measurements include acceleration and transport efficiencies and transverse emittances. The LEBT optics were tuned for best results. Performance testing of the RF power distribution is also discussed here.

Ratti, A.; Ayers, J.; Doolittle, L.; DiGennaro, R.; Gough, R.A.; Hoff, M.; Keller, R.; MacGill, J.; Staples, J.; Thomae, R.; Virostek, S.; Yourd, R.; Aleksandrov, A.

2002-08-16

350

Consumer perceptions of nutrition and health claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of food products containing extra or reduced levels of specific ingredients (e.g. extra calcium) that bring particular health benefits (e.g. stronger bones) is still increasing. Nutrition- and health-related (NH) claims promoting these ingredient levels and their health benefit differ in terms of the (legal) strength with which the claim is brought forward and the specific wording of the

Hans C. M. van Trijp; Ivo A. van der Lans

2007-01-01

351

Health claim evidence requirements in Japan.  

PubMed

In the early 1980s the Japanese scientific academy defined a functional food as a food having a tertiary or physiologically active function. The current Japanese "Food with Health Claims" include 2 categories. For the first category, "Food with Nutrient Function Claims," the label may be freely used if a product satisfies the standard for the minimum and maximum levels per daily portion usually consumed. The second category is defined as "Food for Specified Health Uses" (FOSHU). FOSHU foods are those that contain dietary ingredients that have beneficial effects on the physiological functions of the human body, maintain and promote health, and improve health-related conditions. Health claims on these foods correspond to the category of "other" function claims of the Codex Alimentarius. However, claims of disease-risk reduction are not currently allowed under FOSHU with an exception for calcium and folic acid. Manufacturers can emphasize the characteristics of their products and promote sales by labeling or claims. Therefore, the labeling should be clear and correct and avoid any chance of misinterpretation. The labeling of health claims on foods should always be based on scientific evidence. Any manufacturer who applies to the government for approval under the FOSHU code for its product must tabulate both published available publications and internal reports on the effectiveness of the product and/or its ingredients and provide a summary of each available publication or report. The tabulation must include in vitro metabolic and biochemical studies, in vivo studies, and randomized controlled trials on Japanese people. The overall philosophy of the Ministry is to maintain and improve the health status of people and to prevent chronic noncommunicable diseases through an approach that involves a well-balanced diet as well as through the use of "health foods" including "Food with Health Claims." PMID:18492856

Yamada, Kazuhiko; Sato-Mito, Natsuko; Nagata, Junichi; Umegaki, Keizo

2008-06-01

352

Malpractice Claims Involving Pediatricians: Epidemiology and Etiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.Our goals were to examine malpractice claims data that are specific to the specialty of pediatrics and to provide a better understanding of the effect that malpractice has on this specialty. METHODS.The Physician Insurers Association of America is a trade association of medical malpractice insurance companies. The data contained in its data-sharing project represent 25% of the medical malpractice claims

Aaron E. Carroll; Jennifer L. Buddenbaum

353

Opportunistic customer claiming during service recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a potentially significant issue to managers and academics alike, opportunistic customer behavior in the service recovery\\u000a context has been largely ignored. A multi-stage research program, comprising actual customer claims (Study 1), in depth customer\\u000a interviews (Study 2) and three experimental studies (Studies 3, 4, 5), explored opportunistic customer claiming behavior during\\u000a service recovery and yielded robust findings across methods,

Jochen Wirtz; Janet R. McColl-Kennedy

2010-01-01

354

Claims about religious involvement and health outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Claims about religion, spirituality, and health have recently appeared with increasing frequency, in both the popular media\\u000a and professional journals. These claims have asserted that there are a great many studies in the literature that have examined\\u000a relations between religious involvement and health outcomes and that the majority of them have shown that religious people\\u000a are healthier. We examined the

Richard P. Sloan; Emilia Bagiella

2002-01-01

355

Mass Media Use and Developmental Factors in Two Squatter Settlements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Secondary analyses of data from surveys conducted in Peru and Ecuador suggest that there is a relationship between media use and education in squatter settlements, but that there is a less definite tie between media use and political activism. (GT)|

Bales, Fred V.

1980-01-01

356

7 CFR 1131.70 - Producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1131.70 Producer-settlement fund. See §...

2012-01-01

357

42 CFR 93.409 - Settlement of research misconduct proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Settlement of research misconduct proceedings. 93.409...FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT Responsibilities of the...Department of Health and Human Services Research Misconduct Issues § 93.409...

2012-10-01

358

48 CFR 49.206-2 - Bases for settlement proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...system, unit costs for work in process and finished products cannot readily be established. (iii) If the...total cost basis of settlement; (ii) Omit Line 10 âDeduct-Finished Product Invoiced or to be Invoicedâ from Section II...

2012-10-01

359

48 CFR 49.206-2 - Bases for settlement proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...system, unit costs for work in process and finished products cannot readily be established. (iii) If the...total cost basis of settlement; (ii) Omit Line 10 âDeduct-Finished Product Invoiced or to be Invoicedâ from Section II...

2011-10-01

360

7 CFR 1435.105 - Loan settlement and foreclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS SUGAR PROGRAM Sugar Loan Program § 1435.105 Loan settlement and foreclosure...applicable principal and interest. (b) Forfeiture of sugar loan collateral will be accepted as payment in...

2013-01-01

361

7 CFR 1006.70 - Producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1006.70 Producer-settlement fund. See §...

2012-01-01

362

25 CFR 214.16 - Settlement of damages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS, OKLAHOMA, FOR MINING, EXCEPT OIL AND GAS § 214.16 Settlement of damages. Any person, other than a lessee or an allottee...

2011-04-01

363

31 CFR 50.82 - Advance approval of settlements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or losses involving property damage (including loss of use) in...cause of action for property damage, personal injury, or death...settlement is attributable to punitive or exemplary damages intended to punish or...

2013-07-01

364

Subsidence and settlement and their effect on shallow land burial  

SciTech Connect

Subsidence and settlement are phenomena that are much more destructive than generally thought. In shallow land burials they may lead to cracking of the overburden and eventual exposure and escape of waste material. The primary causes are consolidation and cave-ins. Laboratory studies performed at Los Alamos permit us to predict settlement caused by consolidation or natural compaction of the crushed tuff overburden. Examples of expected settlement and subsidence are calculated based on the known geotechnical characteristics of crushed tuff. The same thing is done for bentonite/tuff mixes because some field experiments were performed using this additive (bentonite) to reduce the hydraulic conductivity of the crushed tuff. Remedial actions, i.e., means to limit the amount of settlement, are discussed. Finally, we briefly comment on our current field experiment, which studies the influence of subsidence on layered systems, in general, and on biobarriers, in particular. 16 references, 7 figures, 5 tables.

Abeele, W.V.

1985-01-01

365

31 CFR 544.702 - Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Penalties § 544.702 Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement....

2013-07-01

366

42 CFR 93.409 - Settlement of research misconduct proceedings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Settlement of research misconduct proceedings...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS...HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT Responsibilities...Department of Health and Human Services Research Misconduct Issues...

2011-10-01

367

31 CFR 546.702 - Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DARFUR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Penalties § 546.702 Pre-Penalty Notice; settlement. (a) When required....

2013-07-01

368

Securing insurance coverage for EMF claims  

SciTech Connect

When confronted with lawsuits resulting from EMF-related claims, utilities must aggressively work to ensure that they receive the full protection and defense due them by their insurance companies. Within the last two years, electric utilities have been increasingly subject to claims alleging that plaintiffs have suffered bodily injury as a result of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and that this exposure has caused everything from emotional distress to cancer. The plaintiffs generally claim that EMF exposure has also caused property damage - usually in the fourth of a reduction in the value of their residence. Claims have also been made on the grounds that EMF constitutes a tresspass and nuisance, which has prevented plaintiffs from using their property to the fullest extent. While utilities may debate the degree of harm, if any, caused by exposure to EMF, one thing is certain: The current EMF claims are only the tip of the iceberg and are not likely to dissipate any time soon. As a result, utilities must example their insurance coverage to determine whether any existing or future EMF claims are covered under the company's policies. Such insurance would most likely help pay for the cost of defending against EMF lawsuits and indemnify the company if any liability is assessed.

Meyer, K.A. (Paul, Hatings, Janofsky Walker, Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1992-02-15

369

Commission 4: Ephemerides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Commission 4 Organizing Committee began its work for the 2009-2012 triennium by revising the commission's terms of reference, which serve as our ``mission statement.'' The new terms of reference are:(a)Maintain cooperation and collaboration between the national offices providing ephemerides, prediction of phenomena, astronomical reference data, and navigational almanacs.(b)Encourage agreement on the bases (reference systems, time scales, models, and constants) of astronomical ephemerides and reference data in the various countries. Promote improvements to the usability and accuracy of astronomical ephemerides, and provide information comparing computational methods, models, and results to ensure the accuracy of data provided.(c)Maintain databases, available on the Internet to the national ephemeris offices and qualified researchers, containing observations of all types on which the ephemerides are based. Promote the continued importance of observations needed to improve the ephemerides, and encourage prompt availability of these observations, especially those from space missions, to the science community.(d)Encourage the development of software and web sites that provide astronomical ephemerides, prediction of phenomena, and astronomical reference data to the scientific community and public.Promote the development of explanatory material that fosters better understanding of the use and bases of ephemerides and related data.

Kaplan, George H.; Hohenkerk, Catherine Y.; Fukushima, Toshio; Arlot, Jean-Eudes; Bangert, John A.; Bell, Steven A.; Folkner, William M.; Lara, Martin; Pitjeva, Elena V.; Urban, Sean E.; Vondrák, Jan

2012-04-01

370

The Arizona Water Settlement Act and urban water supplies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2004 Arizona Water Settlements Act (AWSA 2004) when implemented will allocate to two Native American tribes, the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) and the Tohono O’odham\\u000a Nation (TON) almost ten percent of Arizona’s total developed water supply, which is 7.04 million acre-feet a year. The successful\\u000a passage of AWSA, given the scale of the water rights settlement and competing

Rosalind H. Bark

2009-01-01

371

75 FR 11166 - Joint Meeting of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Meeting of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...Joint Meeting of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...2010. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the Nuclear Regulatory...

2010-03-10

372

9 CFR 50.12 - Claims for indemnity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS General Indemnity § 50.12 Claims for indemnity...Claims for Federal indemnity for livestock destroyed because of tuberculosis shall be presented on indemnity claim forms...

2013-01-01

373

43 CFR 3862.1 - Lode claim patent applications: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Lode claim patent applications: General. 3862.1 Section...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Lode Mining Claim Patent Applications § 3862.1 Lode claim...

2012-10-01

374

49 CFR 378.5 - Investigation of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Investigation of claims. 378.5 Section 378...PROCEDURES GOVERNING THE PROCESSING, INVESTIGATION, AND DISPOSITION OF OVERCHARGE...OVERCOLLECTION CLAIMS § 378.5 Investigation of claims. (a) Upon...

2011-10-01

375

49 CFR 378.5 - Investigation of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Investigation of claims. 378.5 Section 378...PROCEDURES GOVERNING THE PROCESSING, INVESTIGATION, AND DISPOSITION OF OVERCHARGE...OVERCOLLECTION CLAIMS § 378.5 Investigation of claims. (a) Upon...

2012-10-01

376

20 CFR 211.15 - Verification of compensation claimed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Accounts shall inform the employee that the compensation claimed is not creditable...adjustment crediting the employee with the compensation claimed. If the employer...adjustment crediting the employee with the compensation claimed. [49...

2013-04-01

377

37 CFR 360.14 - Copies of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Copies of claims. 360.14 Section 360.14 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBMISSION OF ROYALTY CLAIMS FILING OF CLAIMS TO ROYALTY FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE...

2013-07-01

378

21 CFR 101.14 - Health claims: general requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Health claims: general requirements. 101.14 Section 101.14...General Provisions § 101.14 Health claims: general requirements...in accordance with § 101.36. (e) Prohibited health claims. No...

2013-04-01

379

45 CFR 158.160 - Other non-claims costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-claims costs. 158.160...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS ISSUER...non-claims costs. (a) General...that improve health care quality, and...Non-claims costs other than...

2011-10-01

380

42 CFR 60.40 - Procedures for filing claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...following requirements for the filing of default, death, disability, and bankruptcy claims: (1...the loan is owned by the Secretary. (2) Death claims. A lender or holder must file a death claim with the Secretary within 30 days...

2011-10-01

381

48 CFR 227.7003 - Claims for copyright infringement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Claims for copyright infringement. 227.7003 Section...REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses...Assignments 227.7003 Claims for copyright infringement. The...

2012-10-01

382

37 CFR 360.25 - Copies of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF CLAIMS TO ROYALTY FEES COLLECTED UNDER COMPULSORY LICENSE Digital Audio Recording Devices and Media Royalty Claims § 360...delivery or by mail, file an original and one copy of the claim to digital audio recording devices and media royalty...

2013-07-01

383

24 CFR 266.630 - Partial payment of claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...file for an initial claim payment under § 266.628. ...application for a partial claim payment: (1) The amount...of the unpaid principal balance; (ii) The relief resulting from the partial claim payment when considered with...

2013-04-01

384

42 CFR 431.972 - Claims sampling procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Claims sampling procedures. (a) Claims universe. (1) The PERM claims universe includes payments that were originally...establish controls to ensure FFS and managed care universes are accurate and complete, including...

2012-10-01

385

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2013-04-01

386

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2009-04-01

387

20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...321.2 Filing claims for benefits electronically. (a) Electronic filing. A claim for benefits under the Railroad Unemployment...electronically through the Board's Internet Web site, http://www...electronically. A claim for benefits under the Railroad...

2010-04-01

388

13 CFR 115.70 - Claims for reimbursement of Losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.70 Claims for... (a) How claims are submitted. A PSB Surety must submit claims for reimbursement... (b) Surety responsibilities. The PSB Surety must take all necessary...

2009-01-01

389

42 CFR 431.972 - Claims sampling procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Claims sampling procedures. (a) Claims universe. (1) The PERM claims universe includes payments that were originally...establish controls to ensure FFS and managed care universes are accurate and complete, including...

2010-10-01

390

27 CFR 26.173 - Claims for drawback.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ALCOHOL LIQUORS AND ARTICLES FROM PUERTO RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Claims for Drawback on Eligible Articles From Puerto Rico § 26.173 Claims for drawback...articles into the United States from Puerto Rico must file claim for...

2013-04-01

391

Conserved MIP receptor-ligand pair regulates Platynereis larval settlement.  

PubMed

Life-cycle transitions connecting larval and juvenile stages in metazoans are orchestrated by neuroendocrine signals including neuropeptides and hormones. In marine invertebrate life cycles, which often consist of planktonic larval and benthic adult stages, settlement of the free-swimming larva to the sea floor in response to environmental cues is a key life cycle transition. Settlement is regulated by a specialized sensory-neurosecretory system, the larval apical organ. The neuroendocrine mechanisms through which the apical organ transduces environmental cues into behavioral responses during settlement are not yet understood. Here we show that myoinhibitory peptide (MIP)/allatostatin-B, a pleiotropic neuropeptide widespread among protostomes, regulates larval settlement in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii. MIP is expressed in chemosensory-neurosecretory cells in the annelid larval apical organ and signals to its receptor, an orthologue of the Drosophila sex peptide receptor, expressed in neighboring apical organ cells. We demonstrate by morpholino-mediated knockdown that MIP signals via this receptor to trigger settlement. These results reveal a role for a conserved MIP receptor-ligand pair in regulating marine annelid settlement. PMID:23569279

Conzelmann, Markus; Williams, Elizabeth A; Tunaru, Sorin; Randel, Nadine; Shahidi, Réza; Asadulina, Albina; Berger, Jürgen; Offermanns, Stefan; Jékely, Gáspár

2013-04-08

392

[Relationships between settlement morphology transition and residents commuting energy consumption].  

PubMed

Settlement morphology transition is triggered by rapid urbanization and urban expansion, but its relationships with residents commuting energy consumption remains ambiguous. It is of significance to understand the controlling mechanisms of sustainable public management policies on the energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission during the process of urban settlement morphology transition. Taking the Xiamen City of East China as a case, and by using the integrated land use and transportation modeling system TRANUS, a scenario analysis was made to study the effects of urban settlement morphology transition on the urban spatial distribution of population, jobs, and land use, and on the residents commuting energy consumption and greenhouse gasses emission under different scenarios. The results showed that under the Business As Usual (BAU) scenario, the energy consumption of the residents at the morning peak travel time was 54.35 tce, and the CO2 emission was 119.12 t. As compared with those under BAU scenario, both the energy consumption and the CO2 emission under the Transition of Settlement Morphology (TSM) scenario increased by 12%, and, with the implementation of the appropriate policies such as land use, transportation, and economy, the energy consumption and CO2 emission under the Transition of Settlement Morphology with Policies (TSMP) scenario reduced by 7%, indicating that urban public management policies could effectively control the growth of residents commuting energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission during the period of urban settlement morphology transition. PMID:24175530

Zhou, Jian; Xiao, Rong-Bo; Sun, Xiang

2013-07-01

393

Guidance for Industry: Notification of a Health Claim or ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Notification of a Health Claim or Nutrient Content Claim Based on an Authoritative Statement of a Scientific Body. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation

394

Commissioning a materials research laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This presentation covers the process of commissioning a new 150,000 sq. ft. research facility at Sandia National Laboratories. The laboratory being constructed is a showcase of modern design methods being built at a construction cost of less than $180 per sq. ft. This is possible in part because of the total commissioning activities that are being utilized for this project. The laboratory's unique approach to commissioning will be presented in this paper. The process will be followed through from the conceptual stage on into the actual construction portion of the laboratory. Lessons learned and cost effectiveness will be presented in a manner that will be usable for others making commissioning related decisions. Commissioning activities at every stage of the design will be presented along with the attributed benefits. Attendees will hear answers to the what, when, who, and why questions associated with commissioning of this exciting project.

SAVAGE,GERALD A.

2000-03-28

395

Commission 45: Spectral Classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report gives an update of developments (since the last General Assembly at Prague) in the areas that are of relevance to the commission. In addition to numerous papers, a new monograph entitled Stellar Spectral Classification with Richard Gray and Chris Corbally as leading authors will be published by Princeton University Press as part of their Princeton Series in Astrophysics in April 2009. This book is an up-to-date and encyclopedic review of stellar spectral classification across the H-R diagram, including the traditional MK system in the blue-violet, recent extensions into the ultraviolet and infrared, the newly defined L-type and T-type spectral classes, as well as spectral classification of carbon stars, S-type stars, white dwarfs, novae, supernovae and Wolf-Rayet stars.

Giridhar, Sunetra; Gray, Richard O.; Corbally, Christopher J.; Bailer-Jones, Coryn A. L.; Eyer, Laurent; Irwin, Michael J.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Majewski, Steven; Minniti, Dante; Nordström, Birgitta

396

RHIC SPIN FLIPPER COMMISSIONING.  

SciTech Connect

An ac dipole with horizontally oriented oscillating magnetic field (spin flipper) was installed in RHIC to reverse the spin direction in the presence of two full Siberian snakes, thereby reducing the systematic errors for the spin physics experiments in RHIC. With two full snakes, the spin vector completes one full precession around the vertical direction in two revolutions, and the spin depolarization resonances due to the machine imperfections and betatron oscillations are eliminated. Since the spin flipper provides an oscillating horizontal dipole field, a ''spin resonance'' can occur if the spin flipper frequency is placed in the neighborhood of the spin precession frequency [1,2,3]. By slowly sweeping the spin flipper frequency across the spin precession frequency, a full spin flip can be achieved. This paper reports the results of the RHIC spin flipper commissioned during the RHIC 2002 polarized proton run. By running the spin flipper at a slightly different configuration, one can also measure the spin precession tune.

BAI,M.LUCCIO,A.U.MACKAY,W.W.RANJBAR,V.ROSER,T.

2002-09-09

397

World's Transportation Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Around the time of the Columbian Exposition in Chicago, railroad publicist Joseph Gladding Pangborn organized the World's Transportation Commission. After the Exposition was finished, he decided to pack up his things and begin gathering information about international transportation systems for American businesses who might be interested in new markets. He took with him the noted railroad engineer and photographer William Henry Jackson. During their time abroad, Jackson took hundreds of photographs and lantern slides of everything from unique landforms to images of the local residents. Visitors to this site can explore that collection, which includes over 500 images arranged both chronologically and geographically. Additionally, they can also view Jackson's career chronology and a selection of works for further reading.

2004-01-01

398

Alaska Native Science Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Alaska Native Science Commission (ANSC), an organization dedicated to bringing together research and science in partnership with the Native community. Site materials include information on Alaska Native communities; a searchable database of contacts for community knowledge and a directory of local, statewide, and federally recognized Alaska Native agencies. There is also information on organizational ethics and protocols, regulatory agencies, a browsable database of research projects, and information on sources of funding. The Key Issues page provides information on issues of concern, such as avian flu, climate change, observations about contaminants and environmental change, traditional knowledge systems, traditional foods, and views on climate change and ecology. For students, there is information on einternship and scholarship opportunities. The publications page provides access to archived newsletters, presentations, and reports.

2010-10-05

399

European Commission: Public Opinion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some Scout Report readers might be wondering "How do Europeans feel about the euro?" or even "What do Europeans think about the effectiveness of different energy policies?" All of the answers to these questions (and many more) can be found on the European Commission's Public Opinion site. The site contains the results from surveys conducted with Europeans on their attitudes towards alcohol, the role of the European Union in formulating security policy, and a number of other topics. Visitors will definitely want to make their way to the Eurobarometer Interactive Search System, which allows them to choose a subject or country which is of interest to them. Visitors should also take a look at their very fine "Qualitative Studies" section, which includes reports such as "The Future of Europe" and "Integrating Gender Mainstreaming into Employment Policies". Needless to say, summaries of the reports are available in a wide range of languages, including Dutch, German, Italian, and French.

400

Commission 10: Solar Activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commission 10 deals with solar activity in all of its forms, ranging from the smallest nanoflares to the largest coronal mass ejections. This report reviews scientific progress over the roughly two-year period ending in the middle of 2008. This has been an exciting time in solar physics, highlighted by the launches of the Hinode and STEREO missions late in 2006. The report is reasonably comprehensive, though it is far from exhaustive. Limited space prevents the inclusion of many significant results. The report is divided into the following sections: Photosphere and chromosphere; Transition region; Corona and coronal heating; Coronal jets; flares; Coronal mass ejection initiation; Global coronal waves and shocks; Coronal dimming; The link between low coronal CME signatures and magnetic clouds; Coronal mass ejections in the heliosphere; and Coronal mass ejections and space weather. Primary authorship is indicated at the beginning of each section.

Klimchuk, James A.; van Driel-Gesztelyi, Lidia; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Melrose, Donald B.; Fletcher, Lyndsay; Gopalswamy, Natchimuthuk; Harrison, Richard A.; Mandrini, Cristina H.; Peter, Hardi; Tsuneta, Saku; Vršnak, Bojan; Wang, Jing-Xiu

401

GP commissioning in England.  

PubMed

The NHS, yet again, is in transition with an emphasis on groups of general practitioners (GPs) (clinical commissioning groups) making decisions on which specialist services should be chosen for patients requiring referral from primary care. It is an area of new terminology with a new language and further change for all working in the NHS and the all-important interface between primary and secondary care, and its impact on teamwork. There are many drivers including choice, efficiency, franchising of services, coordination and leadership in an enormous organisation, but not least reducing costs and keeping to a budget. There are many logistical issues and ethical anxieties, and only time will inform patients, practitioners, stakeholders and politicians as to its success. PMID:23472489

Charlton, Rodger

2013-02-01

402

National Drought Policy Commission Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On May 16, 2000, the National Drought Policy Commission (NDPC) released its final report and recommended improved preparedness and coordination in anticipation of the threat of droughts in the US. The NDPC's site offers two documents, the Report of the National Drought Policy Commission and the National Drought Policy Commission Executive Summary. The reports were drafted in response to the severe droughts in recent years that have cost the US approximately $6 billion per year in economic losses.

2000-01-01

403

Dentist to pay $120,000 to settle claim of 'blatant discrimination'.  

PubMed

A New Orleans dentist, Drew B. Morvant, will pay $120,000 in compensatory damages under a settlement after refusing to treat two HIV-positive patients. Ismael Pena, a longtime patient, and Russell Hodgkinson, a newer patient, were refused treatment by Dr. Morvant after they told him they were HIV-positive. The dentist claimed he could not care for HIV-infected patients because he was not properly trained in infection-control procedures. He referred the patients to a dentist whom he described as a specialist in AIDS--in fact, another general practitioner. Under the agreement, Morvant will pay $60,000 to Hodgkinson and $60,000 to the family of Pena, who died from AIDS-related complications in 1993. Morvant must also undergo training on infection control in the practice of dentistry and the ethical duty of medical professionals to treat people with HIV or AIDS. The Justice Department said Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in places of public accommodation. Testing positive for HIV or having AIDS are both considered disabilities under the ADA. Also, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Dental Association have issued policy guidelines that state there is no medical justification for excluding persons from dental care solely on the basis of HIV or AIDS. This is the second settlement the Justice Department filed against dentists who refused to treat people with HIV. PMID:11362635

1995-06-30

404

SSCL Commissioning and Operations  

SciTech Connect

The SSC, with an energy of 20 TeV/Beam, requires a sequence of individual accelerators of increasing energy in the injector chain. These are the Linac, Low Energy Booster, Medium Energy Booster, and High Energy Booster. Each accelerator system must be completed in sequence in order to provide beam to the next higher energy accelerator. The collider itself is comprised of ten sectors, each of which in terms of superconducting magnet bending strength, is equivalent to two HEB injectors. The completion of all injectors and collider sectors is required before stored beams can circulate in preparation for colliding beam operation. Four experimental halls are planned for the detector systems. Each major detector will be assembled in one of the halls by a world-wide collaboration of scientists. In addition, above ground facilities provide shops and test facilities for accelerator technical systems, superconducting magnet and materials research and development, and for detector assembly and operations. The purpose of this report is to present a plan for the sequential commissioning and operation of these individual accelerators and other technical facilities of the SSC. A central objective of this plan is to describe the activities at the SSCL that are not included as part of the construction project TPC, even though they occur during the overall project construction time-frame. Examples of such activities include the operation of general laboratory facilities and services not specifically related to construction, the operating costs for the individual accelerators in the injector chain once these facilities have been commissioned, and the costs of SSCL physics research groups. The Department of Energy has provided the following decision with regard to these operations categories for the SSCL.

NONE

1992-03-31

405

28 CFR Appendix to Part 14 - Delegations of Settlement Authority  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy, he...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy, he...claim pending before him presents a novel question of law or of policy,...

2010-07-01

406

Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the 1998 Internet Tax Freedom Act, the US Congress established the Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce to "study federal, state, local and international taxation and tariffs on transactions using the Internet and Internet access." The nineteen commission members range from US state governors to the presidents of some of the most powerful technology companies in the world. On the ACES site is the electronic library for the commission, which includes a fully searchable database of ACEC documents, many available in full text in .pdf format. Information on the commission and its members, press information, and the calendar of events round out the site.

407

77 FR 22236 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...filing no longer exists or as war or armed conflict ends, whichever...claim otherwise accrues during war or an armed conflict or has accrued within 2 years before war or an armed conflict begins...Sec. 15.204 Are there limits on claims under the MPCECA?...

2012-04-13

408

77 FR 22204 - Administrative Claims Under the Federal Tort Claims Act and Related Statutes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...filing no longer exists or as war or armed conflict ends, whichever...claim otherwise accrues during war or an armed conflict or has accrued within 2 years before war or an armed conflict begins...Sec. 15.204 Are there limits on claims under the MPCECA?...

2012-04-13

409

Hedging contingent claims on defaultable assets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the JLT model (Jarrow, Lando and Turnbull), this paper represents a defaultable asset as a continuous stochastic process plus a Poisson jump modelling the bankruptcy event. It is shown that if the recovery condition is known beforehand, a contingent claim can be hedged by a position in the defaultable asset and a risk-free instrument. In addition, the claim must satisfy a jump-diffusion equation and a risk-neutral representation is obtained using this equation. Examples include the price of a risky zero-coupon bond with a fixed recovery value and the prices of risky Call/Put options on corporate instruments (instrument terminates upon default). .

Beumee, Johan G. B.

2001-02-01

410

Geospatial and Remote Sensing-based Indicators of Settlement Type---Differentiating Informal and Formal Settlements in Guatemala City  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research addresses the need for reliable, repeatable, quantitative measures to differentiate informal (slum) from formal (planned) settlements using commercial very high resolution imagery and elevation data. Measuring the physical, spatial and spectral qualities of informal settlements is an important precursor for evaluating success toward improving the lives of 100 million slum dwellers worldwide, as pledged by the United Nations Millennium Development Goal Target 7D. A variety of measures were tested based on surface material spectral properties, texture, built-up structure, road network accessibility, and geomorphology from twelve communities in Guatemala City to reveal statistically significant differences between informal and formal settlements that could be applied to other parts of the world without the need for costly or dangerous field surveys. When information from satellite imagery is constrained to roads and residential boundaries, a more precise understanding of human habitation is produced. A classification and regression tree (CART) approach and linear discriminant function analysis enabled a variable dimensionality reduction from the original 23 to 6 variables that are sufficient to differentiate a settlement as informal or formal. The results demonstrate that the entropy texture of roads, the degree of asphalt road surface, the vegetation patch compactness and patch size, the percent of bare soil land cover, the geomorphic profile convexity of the terrain, and the road density distinguish informal from formal settlements with 87--92% accuracy when results are cross-validated. The variables with highest contribution to model outcome that are common to both approaches are entropy texture of roads, vegetation patch size, and vegetation compactness suggesting that road texture, surface materials and vegetation provide the necessary characteristics to distinguish the level of informality of a settlement. The results will assist urban planners and settlement analysts who must process vast amounts of imagery worldwide, enabling them to report annually on slum conditions. An added benefit is the ability to use the measures in data-poor regions of the world without field surveys.

Owen, Karen K.

411

49 CFR 1021.4 - Notice of claim and demand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...mailing a letter of notice of claim and demand to the debtor. Such letter will state the statutory basis for the claim, a brief resume of the factual basis for the claim, the amount of the claim, and indicate the availability of the designee or his personal...

2012-10-01

412

Transaction Costs and the Value of Mining Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between transaction costs and the value of full title to mining claims staked under the 1872 Mining Law. Miners can either acquire full title to their claims (known as a mineral patent) or mine unpatented claims. The costs of enforcing claim rights is lower when the claimant holds full title, but the patenting process is

David Gerard

2001-01-01

413

Consumer reactions to different health claim formats on food labels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health claims on foods act as health messages and have a role in communicating and educating the consumer about diet-disease related issues. Previous studies have suggested that different formats of health claims communicate differently with the consumer. The aim of our study was to investigate whether splitting of the claim (a brief claim at the front package directing consumers to

L. Singer; P. G. Williams; L. Ridges; S. Murray; A. McMahon

2006-01-01

414

38 CFR 3.152 - Claims for death benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims for death benefits. 3.152 Section 3.152...Compensation Claims § 3.152 Claims for death benefits. (a) A specific claim...3.153) must be filed in order for death benefits to be paid to any...

2013-07-01

415

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2009-07-01

416

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2010-07-01

417

28 CFR 801.3 - Processing the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Processing the claim. (a) Will CSOSA/PSA contact you about your claim? (1...filing date (that is, the date CSOSA/PSA received your claim) and the assigned...correspondence you may have with CSOSA/PSA on the claim. (2) If you have...

2013-07-01

418

27 CFR 17.144 - Bond for monthly claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bond for monthly claims. 17.144...Claims for Drawback § 17.144 Bond for monthly claims. Each person intending to file claims for...basis shall file an executed bond on TTB Form 5154.3,...

2013-04-01

419

32 CFR 536.6 - The Army claims mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The Army claims mission. 536.6 Section 536...Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES The Army Claims System § 536.6 The Army...

2013-07-01

420

16 CFR 260.10 - Non-toxic claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Non-toxic claims. 260.10 Section 260.10...ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.10 Non-toxic claims. (a) It is deceptive to...product, package, or service is non-toxic. Non-toxic claims should be...

2013-01-01

421

RHIC SPIN FLIPPER COMMISSIONING.  

SciTech Connect

An ac dipole with horizontally oriented oscillating magnetic field (spin flipper) was installed in FU-IIC to reverse the spin direction in the presence of two full Siberian snakes, thereby reducing the systematic errors for the spin physics experiments in RHIC. With two full snakes, the spin vector completes one full precession around the vertical direction in two revolutions, and the spin depolarization resonances due to the machine imperfections and betatron oscillations are eliminated. Since the spin flipper provides an oscillating horizontal dipole field, a ''spin resonance'' can occur if the spin flipper frequency is placed in the neighborhood of the spin precession frequency [ 1,2,3]. By slowly sweeping the spin flipper frequency across the spin precession frequency, a full spin flip can be achieved. This paper reports the results of the FZUC spin flipper commissioned during the RHIC 2002 polarized proton run. By running the spin flipper at a slightly different configuration, one can also measure the spin precession tune.

BAI,M.; MACKAY,W.W.; RANJBAR,V.; ROSER,T.

2002-06-02

422

National Commission on Entrepreneurship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Commission on Entrepreneurship (NCOE) was created in order to study and support entrepreneurship. NCOE's main mission is to "educate policymakers about the key barriers constraining entrepreneurs and recommend new public policies to protect and stimulate the creation and growth of an entrepreneurial economy and culture." The front page of this well designed site includes three sections which highlight the role of entrepreneurs in US society and the ways in which policy can support entrepreneurship. Along with several research papers, which may be downloaded (in .pdf format) for free the site also contains a thorough bibliography and a short collection of links, complete with pithy annotations. The Policy-Makers' Toolkit is an excellent resource and includes biographies of entrepreneurs, Fast Facts, a collection of entrepreneurial trivia, and a collection of short descriptions about future NCOE research projects. Two more sections, "About My Region" and "Speeches You Can Use," will be added shortly. Interested users will want to subscribe to the NCOE newsletter.

423

National Knowledge Commission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

India's National Knowledge Commission (NKC) established by the prime minister is focused on building institutions and infrastructure in Education, Science and Technology, Innovation etc. to meet the challenges of the knowledge economy in the 21st century and increase India's competitive advantage in the global market. India today stands poised to reap the benefits of a rapidly growing economy and a major demographic advantage, with 550 million young people below the age of 25 years, the largest in the world. The NKC is focused on five critical areas of knowledge related to access, concepts, creation, applications and services. This includes a variety of subject areas such as language, translations, libraries, networks, portals, affirmative action, distance learning, intellectual property, Entrepreneurship, application in Agriculture, health, small and medium scale industries, e-governance etc. One of the keys to this effort is to build a national broadband gigabit of networks of 500 nodes to connect universities, Libraries, Laboratories, Hospitals, Agriculture institutions etc. to share resources and collaborate on multidisciplinary activities. This presentation will introduce the NKC, discuss methodology, subject areas, specific recommendation and outline a plan to build knowledge networks and specifics on network architecture, applications, and utilities.

Pitroda, Sam

2007-04-01

424

28 CFR 50.23 - Policy against entering into final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality...final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality...final settlement agreements or consent decrees that are subject to...

2009-07-01

425

28 CFR 50.23 - Policy against entering into final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality...final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality...final settlement agreements or consent decrees that are subject to...

2010-07-01

426

26 CFR 1.6050W-2 - Electronic furnishing of information statements for payments made in settlement of payment card...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in settlement of payment card and third party network transactions. 1.6050W-2...settlement of payment card and third party network transactions. (a...settlement of payment card and third party network transactions to...

2013-04-01

427

Quadratic Hedging Methods for Defaultable Claims  

SciTech Connect

We apply the local risk-minimization approach to defaultable claims and we compare it with intensity-based evaluation formulas and the mean-variance hedging. We solve analytically the problem of finding respectively the hedging strategy and the associated portfolio for the three methods in the case of a default put option with random recovery at maturity.

Biagini, Francesca [LMU, Department of Mathematics (Germany)], E-mail: biagini@math.lmu.de; Cretarola, Alessandra [Luiss-Guido Carli University, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche ed Aziendali (DPTEA) (Italy)], E-mail: acretarola@luiss.it

2007-12-15

428

Advertising Claims, Expectation Fulfillment and Product Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumerism movements like ‘Truth in Advertising’ have prompted formulation of legal and other public policy measures to regulate deceptive advertising. While a great deal of effort has gone into evolving mechanisms to protect consumers from deceptive advertising. Surprisingly little systemative attempts have been made to investigate whether exaggerated and false advertising claims are at all useful for the marketer in

Bhandari L C

429

Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim?  

PubMed

Mackie drew attention to the distinct semantic and metaphysical claims made by meta ethical realists, arguing that although our evaluative discourse is cognitive and objective, there are no objective evaluative facts. This distinction, however, also opens up a reverse possibility: that our evaluative discourse is antirealist, yet objective values do exist. I suggest that this seemingly far-fetched possibility merits serious attention; realism seems com mitted to its intelligibility, and, despite appearances, it isn't incoherent, ineffable, inherently implausible or impossible to defend. I argue that reflection on this possibility should lead us to revise our understanding of the debate between realists and antirealists. It is not only that the realist's semantic claim is insufficient for realism to be true, as Mackie argued; it's not even necessary. Robust metaethical realism is best understood as making a purely metaphysical claim. It is thus not enough for antirealists to show that our discourse is antirealist. They must directly attack the realist's metaphysical claim. PMID:23525148

Kahane, Guy

2013-02-01

430

Patent claim decomposition for improved information extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In several application domains research in natural language processing and information extraction has spawned valuable tools that support humans in structuring, aggregating and managing large amounts of information available as text. Patent claims, although subject to a number of rigid constraints and therefore forced into foreseeable structures, are written in a language even good parsing algorithms tend to fail miserably

Peter Parapatics; Michael Dittenbach

2009-01-01

431

Nutritional claims for functional foods and supplements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food labels are an important educational tool to assist consumers in making healthy food choices. In addition to mandatory nutritional labeling information, manufacturers have a variety of options on the food\\/supplement packages to communicate the nutrition\\/health benefits of their products. This paper describes the different types of claims that can be made for foods and supplements.

Sanjiv Agarwal; Stein Hordvik; Sandra Morar

2006-01-01

432

76 FR 14684 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...north of Koyuk, Alaska, and aggregate 4.86 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Nome Nugget. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision within the...

2011-03-17

433

Immunizing Arbitrators from Claims for Equitable Relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article begins with a summary of the historical origins of the judicial and arbitral immunity doctrines. Next, the article discusses the courts' refusal to extend judicial immunity to claims for declaratory, injunctive, or other equitable relief, except perhaps in the case of federal judges. The article then explores the propriety of recognizing a similar limitation in cases construing the

Michael D. Moberly

2012-01-01

434

The EFSA health claims 'learning experience'.  

PubMed

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has recently highlighted the need to provide scientific requirements for health claims and to find new regulatory issues for healthy food products. For this reason, EFSA asked its Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) panel to draft additional guidelines on scientific assessment of these claims. A new approach for a strict substantiation of health issues in selected fields: the Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006 established in fact that health claims applications should only be authorized after a high level of scientific validation conducted by EFSA using appropriate measures in this evaluation. The legislation should not only protect consumers but also define specific research areas with appropriate outcome measures to assess the quality, relevance and adequacy of studies conducted for scientific validation of health claims. The new system was not only a necessary support for consumers to make the correct choice of products, but rather a way for EFSA to demonstrate transparency of this new approach. This was the field of the pharmaceutical industry, this new regulation is, therefore, also for EFSA, an expensive learning process. PMID:22087565

Vero, Vittoria; Gasbarrini, Antonio

2011-11-16

435

75 FR 2155 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...approximately 7,665 acres. Aggregating approximately 77,947 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely...

2010-01-14

436

76 FR 34248 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Containing 640 acres. Aggregating approximately 6,710 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-06-13

437

76 FR 40929 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...R. 89 W., Sec. 18. Containing approximately 80 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-12

438

76 FR 43340 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2,596.82 acres. Total Aggregating 4,516.82 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-20

439

75 FR 2155 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...approximately 8,477 acres. Aggregating approximately 52,379 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Tundra Drums. DATES: The time limits for filing an appeal are: 1. Any party claiming a property interest which is adversely...

2010-01-14

440

75 FR 38537 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...vicinity of Manley Hot Springs, Alaska, and are located in: Fairbanks Meridian, Alaska T. 1 N, R. 15 W., Secs. 1 and 12...Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a...

2010-07-02

441

75 FR 69457 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...are in the vicinity of Eagle, Alaska, and are located in: Fairbanks Meridian, Alaska T. 1 S., R. 31 E., Sec. 36. Containing...Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. DATES: Any party claiming a...

2010-11-12

442

5 CFR 180.107 - Claims procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Measures taken to protect the property; and (6) Whether the claimant...theft or robbery. Claims for property loss by theft or robbery should...including evidence of the crime such as breaking and entering...due care in protecting the property prior to the loss,...

2013-01-01

443

44 CFR 11.76 - Claims procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Measures taken to protect the property; and (6) Whether the claimant...theft or robbery. Claims for property loss by theft or robbery should...including evidence of the crime such as breaking and entering...due care in protecting the property prior to the loss,...

2012-10-01

444

Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim?  

PubMed Central

Mackie drew attention to the distinct semantic and metaphysical claims made by meta ethical realists, arguing that although our evaluative discourse is cognitive and objective, there are no objective evaluative facts. This distinction, however, also opens up a reverse possibility: that our evaluative discourse is antirealist, yet objective values do exist. I suggest that this seemingly far-fetched possibility merits serious attention; realism seems com mitted to its intelligibility, and, despite appearances, it isn’t incoherent, ineffable, inherently implausible or impossible to defend. I argue that reflection on this possibility should lead us to revise our understanding of the debate between realists and antirealists. It is not only that the realist’s semantic claim is insufficient for realism to be true, as Mackie argued; it’s not even necessary. Robust metaethical realism is best understood as making a purely metaphysical claim. It is thus not enough for antirealists to show that our discourse is antirealist. They must directly attack the realist’s metaphysical claim.

Kahane, Guy

2012-01-01

445

76 FR 45604 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sheldon Point, Alaska, and contain 20.55 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2011-07-29

446

75 FR 65644 - Alaska Native Claims Selection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Adak, Alaska, aggregating 191.31 acres. Notice of the decision will also be published four times in the Anchorage Daily News. DATES: Any party claiming a property interest in the lands affected by the decision may appeal the decision...

2010-10-26

447

32 CFR 536.2 - Claims authorities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Recovery Act (FMCRA), 42 U.S.C. 2651-2653. (iii) Collection from third-party payers of reasonable costs of healthcare services, 10 U.S.C. 1095. (b) Fund source authority for claims under Title 10 statutes. 10 U.S.C....

2013-07-01

448

The Legal Standard for Employment Discrimination Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Hicks," the Supreme Court handed down an opinion that rewrites the legal standard in deciding intentional discrimination claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Provides a brief background of intentional discrimination; summarizes the Court's opinion, that clearly tilts the balance in favor of employers, and the dissent; and…

Allred, Stephen

1994-01-01

449

45 CFR 504.1 - Claim defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...claims that may arise on behalf of survivors of deceased civilians and military veterans who had been listed as missing during the Vietnam conflict but were subsequently determined to have been interned, in hiding, or captured by a hostile force in...

2012-10-01

450

45 CFR 504.1 - Claim defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...claims that may arise on behalf of survivors of deceased civilians and military veterans who had been listed as missing during the Vietnam conflict but were subsequently determined to have been interned, in hiding, or captured by a hostile force in...

2011-10-01

451

Mental Anguish Claims in Medical Malpractice Cases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Claims alleging mental anguish are becoming more common in medical malpractice actions. The reasons for this trend are not readily apparent. One factor may be that, although mental anguish is more difficult to prove than physical injury, the amount of mon...

J. G. Zimmerly W. A. Oleniewski

1973-01-01

452

Managing Same-Sex Sexual Harassment Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines three cases of same-sex sexual harassment claims recognized by the courts under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, including both heterosexual and homosexual incidents involving men and women. Focus is on common threads in the three cases, arguments of the traditional courts, and college and university management of same-sex…

Whitehead, Roy, Jr.; Gillis, Graham

1997-01-01

453

Application of high-resolution RS image in settlement extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Popularity of high resolution image makes it possible to interpret the internal land use condition within settlement. The categorization of settlement is firstly made as rural (mountain, plain) and urban (city village, living block) areas. Then object-based and generic network image processing methods are primarily used in the extraction from the merged Quickbird and SPOT high resolution image. With mathematical as well as geometrical model, indices such as building density, floor area ratio, green ratio and space ratio are extracted accordingly. Meanwhile, land use map, field survey and cadastral map are employed for the estimation and accuracy assessment. In the end, analysis and comparison are made for land use condition within settlement.

Zeng, Chen; Liu, Yanfang; Liu, Yaolin; Li, Xing; Tang, Ya

2009-10-01

454

29 CFR 20.23 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.23 Section 20.23 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

455

29 CFR 20.79 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.79 Section 20.79 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

456

29 CFR 20.5 - Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. 20.5 Section 20.5 Labor...Examination of records relating to the claim; opportunity for full explanation of the claim. Following receipt of the...

2013-07-01

457

75 FR 10481 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement: Sherwood Motors, Inc.; West Site/Hows...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement...ME AGENCY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency...of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation...settlement of past response costs concerning the...

2010-03-08

458

46 CFR 201.103 - Opportunity for agreement of parties and settlement of case.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Opportunity for agreement of parties and settlement of case. 201.103 Section 201.103 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION...103 Opportunity for agreement of parties and settlement of case. Where time, the nature of the proceeding, and the...

2011-10-01

459

78 FR 62630 - Vantran Electric Corporation Site, Louisville, Jefferson County, GA; Notice of Settlement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CERCLA-04-2013-3765] Vantran Electric Corporation Site, Louisville, Jefferson County, GA; Notice of Settlement AGENCY: Environmental...Vantran Electric Corporation Site located in Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia. The settlement addresses costs from a...

2013-10-22

460

17 CFR 240.6h-1 - Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products...240.6h-1 Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products...lists the security. (3) Regulatory halt means a delay, halt, or...

2009-04-01

461

17 CFR 240.6h-1 - Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products...240.6h-1 Settlement and regulatory halt requirements for security futures products...lists the security. (3) Regulatory halt means a delay, halt, or...

2010-04-01

462

75 FR 11886 - Proposed Settlement Agreement and Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9126-6] Proposed Settlement Agreement and Consent Decree, Clean Air Act Citizen Suit AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement and consent...

2010-03-12

463

7 CFR 1030.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1030.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

464

7 CFR 1126.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1126.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

465

7 CFR 1033.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1033.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2012-01-01

466

7 CFR 1032.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1032.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2012-01-01

467

7 CFR 1124.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1124.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

468

7 CFR 1124.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1124.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2012-01-01

469

7 CFR 1131.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1131.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

470

7 CFR 1030.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1030.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2012-01-01

471

7 CFR 1032.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1032.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

472

7 CFR 1126.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1126.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2012-01-01

473

7 CFR 1033.72 - Payments from the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Order Regulating Handling Payments for Milk § 1033.72 Payments from the producer-settlement...If, at such time, the balance in the producer-settlement fund is insufficient to make all payments pursuant to this...

2013-01-01

474

77 FR 42310 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; City of Middletown, CT and RLO...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9700-8] Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; City of Middletown, CT and RLO Properties, Inc., Omo Manufacturing Site, Middletown, CT AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement;...

2012-07-18

475

Tax Administration: Systematic Information Sharing Would Help IRS Determine the Deductibility of Civil Settlement Payments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although some civil settlement payments are deductible, their deterrence factor could be lessened if companies can deduct certain settlement payments from their income taxes. GAO was asked to (1) identify federal agencies that negotiated some of the large...

2005-01-01

476

77 FR 38629 - Notice of Proposed Administrative Settlement Pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...settlement concerning the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in Osceola...settlement concerning the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in Osceola...should reference the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in...

2012-06-28

477

77 FR 38628 - Notice of Proposed Administrative Settlement Pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...settlement concerning the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in Osceola...settlement concerning the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in Osceola...should reference the Arkansas Waste to Energy Superfund Site, located in...

2012-06-28

478

78 FR 45068 - Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure; Practice Before the Commission, Parties to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13-06] RIN 3072-AC52 Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure; Practice Before the Commission, Parties to Proceedings...Commission (FMC or Commission) amends its Rules of Practice and Procedure regarding practice before the...

2013-07-26

479

15 CFR Supplement No. 2 to Part 766 - Guidance on Charging and Penalty Determinations in Settlement of Administrative Enforcement Cases...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Penalty Determinations in Settlement of Administrative Enforcement Cases Involving Antiboycott...EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS Pt. 766...Penalty Determinations in Settlement of Administrative Enforcement Cases Involving...

2010-01-01

480

48 CFR 1604.7101 - Filing health benefit claims/court review of disputed claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...1604.7101 Filing health benefit claims/court review of disputed... Guidelines for a Federal Employees Health Benefit (FEHB) Program...

2012-10-01

481

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities. (i) In determining liability, such claims will be evaluated...exclusions set forth at § 536.76. Strict or absolute liability and similar theories are not grounds for liability under this subpart. (2) Tort...

2013-07-01

482

28 CFR 801.1 - Claims filed under the Federal Tort Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...describe specific procedures to follow when filing a claim with the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia (âCSOSAâ) or the District of Columbia Pretrial Services Agency...

2013-07-01

483

74 FR 43685 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY: Office...advisory committee meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) will take...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to discuss...

2009-08-27

484

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau...online publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

485

29 CFR 2204.309 - Commission review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Commission review. 2204.309 Section 2204.309 ...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL...BEFORE THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION Procedures for...

2013-07-01

486

29 CFR 2704.308 - Commission review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Commission review. 2704.308 Section 2704.308 ...Continued) FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL...Applications § 2704.308 Commission review. (a) Either the applicant or...

2013-07-01

487

Commission 31: Time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The most intensely discussed and controversial issue in time keeping has been the proposal before the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to redefine Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) so as to replace leap seconds by leap hours. Should this proposal be adopted, the practice of inserting leap seconds would cease after a specific date. Should the Earth's rotation continue to de-accelerate at its historical rate, the next discontinuity in UTC would be an hour inserted several centuries from now. Advocates of this proposal cite the need to synchronize satellite and other systems, such as GPS, Galileo, and GLONASS, which did not exist and were not envisioned when the current system was adopted. They note that leap second insertions can be and have been incorrectly implemented or accounted for. Such errors have to date had localized impact, but they could cause serious mishaps involving loss of life. For example, some GPS receivers have been known to fail simply because there was no leap second after a long enough interval, other GPS receivers failed because the leap second information was broadcast more than three months in advance, and some commercial software used for internet time-transfer Network Time Protocol (NTP) could either discard all data received after a leap second or interpret it as a frequency change. The ambiguity associated with the extra second could also disrupt financial accounting and certain forms of encryption. Those opposed to the proposal question the need for a change, and also point out the costs of adjusting to the proposed change and its inconvenience to amateur astronomers and others who rely upon astronomical calculations published in advance. Reports have been circulated that the cost of checking and correcting software to accommodate the new definition of UTC would be many millions of dollars for some systems. In October 2005 American Astronomical Society asked the ITU for a year's time to study the issue. This commission has supported the efforts of the IAU' s Committee on the Leap Second to make an informed recommendation, and anticipates considerable discussion at the IAU's 26th General Assembly in 2006.

Matsakis, Demetrios; Defraigne, Pascale; Hosokawa, M.; Leschiutta, S.; Petit, G.; Zhai, Z.-C.

2007-03-01

488

Commission 54: Optical & Infrared Interferometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commission 54 held its business meeting on 11 August 2009 at “Botequim” at Rua Visconde de Caravelas 184/186, Humaitá, Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro. Individual members in attendance reported on activities of relevance to C54.

Ridgway, Stephen; van Belle, Gerard; Perrin, Guy; Duvert, Gilles; Genzel, Reinhard; Haniff, Christopher; Hummel, Christian; Lawson, Peter; Tuthill, Peter; Vakili, Farrokh

2010-05-01

489

Commission 16: Physical Study of Planets & Satellites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Business Meeting of IAU Commission 16 was held at the General Assembly in Rio de Janeiro on August 13, 2009. The meeting was called to order at 9:15am by Commission President, Régis Courtin, with 12 members present. Commission 16 now has 312 members, up from 271 at the last General Assembly. It is now the third largest Commission in Division III, after Commission 15 and Commission 51.

McGrath, Melissa A.; Lemmon, Mark T.; Courtin, Regis; Lara, Luisa M.; Kim, Sang Joon; Ksanfomality, Leonid V.; Morrison, David; Tejfel, Viktor G.; Yanamandra-Fisher, Padma A.

2010-05-01

490

34 CFR 86.406 - What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations? 86.406 ...406 What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations? (a...negotiations to the ALJ. If the parties enter into a settlement agreement and file...

2013-07-01

491

12 CFR 1024.8 - Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements. 1024.8 Section 1024...SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT (REGULATION X) § 1024.8 Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements. (a) Use...

2013-01-01

492

24 CFR 3500.8 - Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements. 3500.8 Section 3500...ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT § 3500.8 Use of HUD-1 or HUD-1A settlement statements. (a) Use...

2013-04-01

493

7 CFR 1030.71 - Payments to the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Payments to the producer-settlement fund. 1030.71 Section...Milk § 1030.71 Payments to the producer-settlement fund. Each handler shall make payment to the producer-settlement fund in a manner...

2013-01-01

494

7 CFR 1032.71 - Payments to the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Payments to the producer-settlement fund. 1032.71 Section...Milk § 1032.71 Payments to the producer-settlement fund. Each handler shall make payment to the producer-settlement fund in a manner...

2013-01-01

495

7 CFR 1126.71 - Payments to the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Payments to the producer-settlement fund. 1126.71 Section...Milk § 1126.71 Payments to the producer-settlement fund. Each handler shall make payment to the producer-settlement fund in a manner...

2013-01-01

496

7 CFR 1001.71 - Payments to the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Payments to the producer-settlement fund. 1001.71 Section...Milk § 1001.71 Payments to the producer-settlement fund. Each handler shall make payment to the producer-settlement fund in a manner...

2013-01-01

497

7 CFR 1033.71 - Payments to the producer-settlement fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Payments to the producer-settlement fund. 1033.71 Section...Milk § 1033.71 Payments to the producer-settlement fund. Each handler shall make payment to the producer-settlement fund in a manner...

2013-01-01

498

Temporal and spatial settlement patterns of sympatric hermit crabs and the influence of shell resource availability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larvae of marine organisms often need specific resources or environments at settlement, and their success at settlement might be strongly influenced by the abundance and distribution of such specific resources. The larvae of hermit crabs need small shells to settle, so it is thought that the distribution and abundance of small shells influence the settlement pattern of hermit crabs. To

Takashi Oba; Seiji Goshima

2004-01-01

499

Provision of urban services in an informal settlement: a case study of Kampung Penas Tanggul, Jakarta  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Jakarta, the majority of the poor provide their own shelter in spontaneous informal settlements. Such informal settlements are often formed without land titles. Land and buildings are acquired without authorization from government. Their illegal land occupancy status has deprived them of citizenship rights and access to basic infrastructure and services. However, many of these settlements have found ways to

Lana Winayanti; Heracles C. Lang

2004-01-01

500

Probabilistic Analysis of Multi-layered Soil Effects on Shallow Foundation Settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The results of a preliminary investigation into the effects of multi-layered soil on foundation settlement are reported in this paper. In this study, the settlement of a square pad footing placed on two-layered soil profile is examined. Using a combination of Finite Element Method (FEM) analyses and random fields simulation, probabilistic analyses of the settlement of footing founded on

Y L Kuo; M B Jaksa; W S Kaggwa; D V Griffiths; J S Goldsworthy