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1

The Classroom Observation Schedule to Measure Intentional Communication (COSMIC): An Observational Measure of the Intentional Communication of Children with Autism in an Unstructured Classroom Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Classroom Observation Schedule to Measure Intentional Communication (COSMIC) was devised to provide ecologically valid\\u000a outcome measures for a communication-focused intervention trial. Ninety-one children with autism spectrum disorder aged 6 years\\u000a 10 months (SD 16 months) were videoed during their everyday snack, teaching and free play activities. Inter-rater reliability\\u000a was high and relevant items showed significant associations with comparable items from concurrent Autism

Greg Pasco; Rosanna K. Gordon; Patricia Howlin; Tony Charman

2008-01-01

2

The Differentiated Classroom Observation Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a new classroom observation scale that was developed to examine the differential learning activities and experiences of gifted children educated in regular classroom settings. The Differentiated Classroom Observation Scale (DCOS) is presented in total, with clarification of the coding practices and strategies. Although the…

Cassady, Jerrell C.; Neumeister, Kristie L. Speirs; Adams, Cheryll M.; Cross, Tracy L.; Dixon, Felicia A.; Pierce, Rebecca L.

2004-01-01

3

Observations & Interpretations: Engaging Students in Classroom Experiments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used to introduce or reinforce in students the importance of differentiating between observations and interpretations and quantitative and qualitative observations during classroom experimentation or demonstrations

4

"Keeping SCORE": Reflective Practice through Classroom Observations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective practice means that teachers must subject their own teaching beliefs and practices to critical examination. One way of facilitating reflective practice in ESL teachers is to encourage them to engage in classroom observations as part of their professional development. This paper reports on a case study of a short series of classroom

Farrell, Thomas S. C.

2011-01-01

5

State-based scheduling: An architecture for telescope observation scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The applicability of constraint-based scheduling, a methodology previously developed and validated in the domain of factory scheduling, is extended to problem domains that require attendance to a wider range of state-dependent constraints. The problem of constructing and maintaining a short-term observation schedule for the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which typifies this type of domain is the focus of interest. The nature of the constraints encountered in the HST domain is examined, system requirements are discussed with respect to utilization of a constraint-based scheduling methodology in such domains, and a general framework for state-based scheduling is presented.

Muscettola, Nicola; Smith, Stephen F.

1989-01-01

6

An Examination of Teacher-Student Interactions in Inclusive Classrooms: Teacher Interviews and Classroom Observations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher-student interactions in 17 inclusive classrooms were examined using a mixed-methods approach that involved quantitative analysis of interactions recorded during classroom observations and follow-up interviews with seven general educators. Observational findings suggest that classrooms were organised along traditional lines with the vast…

Cameron, David Lansing

2014-01-01

7

Observing of chain-schedule stimuli.  

PubMed

A classical-conditioning account of the processes maintaining behavior under chained schedules entails a backward transmission of conditioned-reinforcement effects. Assessing this process in traditional chain schedules is limited because the response maintained by stimulus onset accompanied by each link in a chain schedule may also be maintained by the primary reinforcer. In the present experiment, an observing response was used to measure the conditioned-reinforcing effects of stimuli associated with a three-link chain variable-time (VT) food schedule, and resistance-to-change tests (extinction and prefeeding) were implemented to examine if a backward transmission of reinforcement effects occur. Four pigeons served as subjects. Observing was maintained by the production of stimuli correlated with links of a three-link chain VT schedule with the middle-link stimulus maintaining the highest rate of observing, followed by the initial-link stimulus and the terminal-link stimulus maintaining the lowest observing rate. Results from resistance-to-change tests of extinction and prefeeding were not supportive of a backward transmission of reinforcement effects and in general, the pattern of resistance-to-change was forward. Based on past and current research, it appears that a backward pattern of relative rate decreases in responses maintained by stimuli correlated with a chain schedule due to disruption (i.e., extinction and prefeeding) is not a ubiquitous process that is evident within different chain-schedule arrangements. PMID:24582929

Slezak, Jonathan M; Anderson, Karen G

2014-06-01

8

Automated observation scheduling for the VLT  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is becoming increasingly evident that, in order to optimize the observing efficiency of large telescopes, some changes will be required in the way observations are planned and executed. Not all observing programs require the presence of the astronomer at the telescope: for those programs which permit service observing it is possible to better match planned observations to conditions at the telescope. This concept of flexible scheduling has been proposed for the VLT: based on current and predicted environmental and instrumental observations which make the most efficient possible use of valuable time. A similar kind of observation scheduling is already necessary for some space observatories, such as Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Space Telescope Science Institute is presently developing scheduling tools for HST, based on the use of artificial intelligence software development techniques. These tools could be readily adapted for ground-based telescope scheduling since they address many of the same issues. The concept are described on which the HST tools are based, their implementation, and what would be required to adapt them for use with the VLT and other ground-based observatories.

Johnston, Mark D.

1988-01-01

9

Scheduling Earth Observing Satellites with Evolutionary Algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We hypothesize that evolutionary algorithms can effectively schedule coordinated fleets of Earth observing satellites. The constraints are complex and the bottlenecks are not well understood, a condition where evolutionary algorithms are often effective. This is, in part, because evolutionary algorithms require only that one can represent solutions, modify solutions, and evaluate solution fitness. To test the hypothesis we have developed a representative set of problems, produced optimization software (in Java) to solve them, and run experiments comparing techniques. This paper presents initial results of a comparison of several evolutionary and other optimization techniques; namely the genetic algorithm, simulated annealing, squeaky wheel optimization, and stochastic hill climbing. We also compare separate satellite vs. integrated scheduling of a two satellite constellation. While the results are not definitive, tests to date suggest that simulated annealing is the best search technique and integrated scheduling is superior.

Globus, Al; Crawford, James; Lohn, Jason; Pryor, Anna

2003-01-01

10

An Observational Study of Print Literacy in Canadian Preschool Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of print literacy in preschool classrooms. There were seven preschool teachers working in central Canada who were observed over three sessions. The process of analytic induction was used to formulate categories based on interviews, classroom observations and documents. The following categories were…

Lynch, Jacqueline

2011-01-01

11

The Classroom Systems Observation Scale: Development of an instrument to assess classrooms using a systems perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the development of the Classroom Systems Observation Scale (CSOS) (Fish & Dane, 1992) and reports initial reliability and validity data. The CSOS assesses preschool through sixth grade classroom functioning from a systems perspective using a theoretical framework based on the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems (Olson, Russell & Sprenkle, 1989). The CSOS is theoretically derived,

Marian C. Fish; Elizabeth Dane

2000-01-01

12

Artificial intelligence approaches to astronomical observation scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automated scheduling will play an increasing role in future ground- and space-based observatory operations. Due to the complexity of the problem, artificial intelligence technology currently offers the greatest potential for the development of scheduling tools with sufficient power and flexibility to handle realistic scheduling situations. Summarized here are the main features of the observatory scheduling problem, how artificial intelligence (AI) techniques can be applied, and recent progress in AI scheduling for Hubble Space Telescope.

Johnston, Mark D.; Miller, Glenn

1988-01-01

13

SOFIA'S Challenge: Scheduling Airborne Astronomy Observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is NASA's next generation airborne astronomical observatory, and will commence operations in 2005. The facility consists of a 747-SP modified to accommodate a 2.5 meter telescope. SOFIA is expected to fly an average of 140 science flights per year over its 20 year lifetime. Depending on the nature of the instrument used during flight, 5-15 observations per flight are expected. The SOFIA telescope is mounted aft of the wings on the port side of the aircraft and is articulated through a range of 20deg to 60deg of elevation. The telescope has minimal lateral flexibility; thus, the aircraft must turn constantly to maintain the telescope's focus on an object during observations. A significant problem in future SOFIA operations is that of scheduling flights in support of observations. Investigators are expected to propose small numbers of observations, and many observations must be grouped together to make up single flights. Flight planning for the previous generation airborne observatory, the Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO), was done by hand; planners had to choose takeoff time, observations to perform, and decide on setup-actions (called "dead-legs") to position the aircraft prior to observing. This task frequently required between 6-8 hours to plan one flight The scope of the flight planning problem for supporting GI observations with the anticipated flight rate for SOFIA makes the manual approach for flight planning daunting. In response, we have designed an Automated Flight Planner (AFP) that accepts as input a set of requested observations, designated flight days, weather predictions and fuel limitations, and searches automatically for high-quality flight plans that satisfy all relevant aircraft and astronomer specified constraints. The AFP can generate one candidate flight plan in 5-10 minutes, of computation time, a feat beyond the capabilities of human flight planners. The rate at which the AFP can generate flights enables humans to assess and analyze complex tradeoffs between fuel consumption, estimated science quality and the percentage of scheduled observations. Due to the changing nature of SOFIA scheduling problems, this functionality will play a crucial role in optimizing science and minimizing costs during operations. In the full paper, we will summarize the technical challenges that have been met in order to build this system. These include: design of the search algorithm, design of appropriate heuristics and approximations, and reduction in the size of the search space. We will also describe technical challenges that are currently being addressed, including the extension of the existing approach to handle new solution criteria. Finally, we will describe a variety of cultural challenges that the astronomical community must address in order to successfully use SOFIA, and describe how the AFT can be used to address some of these challenges. Specifically, many of the intended science users are accustomed to using ground-based or space-based observatories; we will identify some differences that arise due to the nature of airborne observatories, and how the AFT can be extended to provide useful services to ease these cultural differences.

Frank, Jeremy

2005-01-01

14

Standardized Observational Assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Subtypes. II. Classroom Observations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trained classroom observers used the Direct Observation Form (DOF; McConaughy & Achenbach, 2009) to rate observations of 163 6- to 11-year-old children in their school classrooms. Participants were assigned to four groups based on a parent diagnostic interview and parent and teacher rating scales: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder…

McConaughy, Stephanie H.; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Antshel, Kevin; Eiraldi, Ricardo B.; Dumenci, Levent

2009-01-01

15

Developing and Validating a New Classroom Climate Observation Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

The climate of school classrooms, shaped by a combination of teacher practices and peer processes, is an important determinant for children’s psychosocial functioning and is a primary factor affecting bullying and victimization. Given that there are relatively few theoretically-grounded and validated assessment tools designed to measure the social climate of classrooms, our research team developed an observation tool through participatory action research (PAR). This article details how the assessment tool was designed and preliminarily validated in 18 third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade classrooms in a large urban public school district. The goals of this study are to illustrate the feasibility of a PAR paradigm in measurement development, ascertain the psychometric properties of the assessment tool, and determine associations with different indices of classroom levels of relational and physical aggression. PMID:21643447

Leff, Stephen S.; Thomas, Duane E.; Shapiro, Edward S.; Paskewich, Brooke; Wilson, Kim; Necowitz-Hoffman, Beth; Jawad, Abbas F.

2011-01-01

16

Professional School Counselors as Process Observers in the Classroom: Collaboration with Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines process observation and how it can be used by professional school counselors to assist classroom teachers in enhancing the learning environment for students. Further, this article elucidates the skills used by process observers. A case illustration is provided to demonstrate application of this service. Finally, practical…

Fazio-Griffith, Laura; Curry, Jennifer R.

2008-01-01

17

Quality in Kindergarten Classrooms: Observational Evidence for the Need to Increase Children's Learning Opportunities in Early Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Using observational data gathered in 730 kindergarten classrooms in 6 states, the present study focuses on the quality of children's learning opportunities in kindergarten classrooms. Findings show that overall, children experience moderate to low levels of quality in the areas of classroom organization and instructional support…

La Paro, Karen M.; Hamre, Bridget K.; Locasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Pianta, Robert C.; Bryant, Donna; Early, Dianne; Clifford, Richard; Barbarin, Oscar; Howes, Carollee; Burchinal, Margaret

2009-01-01

18

Quality in Kindergarten Classrooms: Observational Evidence for the Need to Increase Children's Learning Opportunities in Early Education Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Using observational data gathered in 730 kindergarten classrooms in 6 states, the present study focuses on the quality of children's learning opportunities in kindergarten classrooms. Findings show that overall, children experience moderate to low levels of quality in the areas of classroom organization and instructional support in kindergarten. Results are also presented in comparison to children's experiences in

Karen M. La Paro; Bridget K. Hamre; Jennifer Locasale-Crouch; Robert C. Pianta; Donna Bryant; Dianne Early; Richard Clifford; Oscar Barbarin; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal

2009-01-01

19

Multi-Telescope Observing: the LCOGT Network Scheduler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) is developing a worldwide network of fully robotic optical telescopes dedicated to time-domain astronomy. Observatory automation, longitudinal spacing of the sites, and a centralised network scheduler enable a range of observing modes impossible with traditional manual observing from a single location. These include continuous coverage of targets across sites, simultaneous observing with multiple resources, and cadenced time-series monitoring without diurnal gaps. The network also provides resource redundancy, with the potential for observations to be rescheduled in response to changing weather conditions. The scheduling model supports a wide variety of observing programs, which typically have very different constraints, goals, contingencies and timescales. Heterogeneous requests in a networked observing environment present specific, unusual challenges for telescope scheduling that do not arise with single-resource schedulers. Here, we discuss the design of the LCOGT network scheduler. We outline the scheduler's modular architecture, describe the implementation of its components, and highlight its current and planned capabilities.

Saunders, E.; Lampoudi, S.

20

Observing Children's Stress Behaviors in a Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used qualitative methods to determine whether kindergarten children exhibited stress behaviors during the academic work period of the day. Sixteen children (8 male, 8 female) ages 5-6 years were observed. The data consisted of classroom observations by the researcher, open-ended interviews with teachers, artifacts collected from the…

Jackson, Lori A.

2009-01-01

21

Evaluation of Handheld Computers for Direct Systematic Classroom Observation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through this study the authors evaluate outcomes associated with the use of handheld computers by interventionists in improving the efficiency of direct systematic classroom observation. Information from observations is used by interventionists for treatment planning and evaluation. In this study, interventionists were trained to use personal…

Bahr, Michael W.; Gouwens, Donald A.; Schuh, Genevieve

2012-01-01

22

WVU Facilities Planning and Scheduling Event and General Purpose Classroom Scheduling Guidelines  

E-print Network

and Expectations Scheduling priority will be given in the following order: 1) Credited courses and final exams over academic and University events separate from credited courses ­ study sessions, make up exams, lectures Guidelines A. There are no "guaranteed" spaces for special events other than credited academic courses

Mohaghegh, Shahab

23

The Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation: A Process for Describing Sign Language Proficiency in Classroom Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the impetus and rationale for the development of the Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation (SLSCO) assessment. The procedure for developing the SLSCO is discussed and the results of use of the SLSCO with National Technical Institute for the Deaf faculty (n=14) during a trial year are summarized. (Contains references.)…

Reeves, June B.; Newell, William; Holcomb, Barbara Ray; Stinson, Michael

2000-01-01

24

Observed Classroom Quality in First Grade: Associations with Teacher, Classroom, and School Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The observation and assessment of quality of teacher--child interactions in elementary school settings are increasingly recognized as important; however, research is still very limited in European countries. In this study, we examined the quality of the interactions between teacher and children in first-grade classrooms in Portugal and the extent…

Cadima, Joana; Peixoto, Carla; Leal, Teresa

2014-01-01

25

Observation Instrument of Play Behaviour in a Classroom Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to observe the play behaviour of a whole group of children from four to six years of age in a classroom setting on the basis of video recording. The instrument was developed in collaboration with experienced teachers and experts on play. Categories of play were derived from the literature…

Berkhout, Louise; Hoekman, Joop; Goorhuis-Brouwer, Sieneke M.

2012-01-01

26

Classroom Observation: Desirable Conditions Established by Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher observation is regarded as an essential procedure in the teacher training process. However, the vast majority of observation experiences have a top-down approach, as they are usually established by experts such as university teaching staff or school inspectors working for the administration. With a bottom-up approach in mind, this paper…

Lasagabaster, David; Sierra, Juan Manuel

2011-01-01

27

A Comparison of Techniques for Scheduling Earth-Observing Satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scheduling observations by coordinated fleets of Earth Observing Satellites (EOS) involves large search spaces, complex constraints and poorly understood bottlenecks, conditions where evolutionary and related algorithms are often effective. However, there are many such algorithms and the best one to use is not clear. Here we compare multiple variants of the genetic algorithm: stochastic hill climbing, simulated annealing, squeaky wheel optimization and iterated sampling on ten realistically-sized EOS scheduling problems. Schedules are represented by a permutation (non-temperal ordering) of the observation requests. A simple deterministic scheduler assigns times and resources to each observation request in the order indicated by the permutation, discarding those that violate the constraints created by previously scheduled observations. Simulated annealing performs best. Random mutation outperform a more 'intelligent' mutator. Furthermore, the best mutator, by a small margin, was a novel approach we call temperature dependent random sampling that makes large changes in the early stages of evolution and smaller changes towards the end of search.

Globus, Al; Crawford, James; Lohn, Jason; Pryor, Anna

2004-01-01

28

Classroom Instructions Observed from the Perspectives of Current Reform in Science Education: Comparisons between Korean and U.S. Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the similarities and differences between Korean and U.S. 9-12th grade science classrooms. The Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol was used to observe sixty-six classrooms (26 Korean and 40 U.S.) to examine the extent to which principles of constructivism framing both Korean and U.S. standards documents were observed.…

Campbell, Todd; Oh, Phil Seok; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong; Zhang, Danhui

2010-01-01

29

The ISI Classroom Observation System: Examining the Literacy Instruction Provided to Individual Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individualizing Student Instruction (ISI) classroom observation and coding system is designed to provide a detailed picture of the classroom environment at the level of the individual student. Using a multidimensional conceptualization of the classroom environment, foundational elements (teacher warmth and responsiveness to students, classroom

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Fishman, Barry J.; Ponitz, Claire Cameron; Glasney, Stephanie; Underwood, Phyllis S.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Crowe, Elizabeth Coyne; Schatschneider, Christopher

2009-01-01

30

Investigations into Generalization of Constraint-Based Scheduling Theories with Applications to Space Telescope Observation Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This final report summarizes research performed under NASA contract NCC 2-531 toward generalization of constraint-based scheduling theories and techniques for application to space telescope observation scheduling problems. Our work into theories and techniques for solution of this class of problems has led to the development of the Heuristic Scheduling Testbed System (HSTS), a software system for integrated planning and scheduling. Within HSTS, planning and scheduling are treated as two complementary aspects of the more general process of constructing a feasible set of behaviors of a target system. We have validated the HSTS approach by applying it to the generation of observation schedules for the Hubble Space Telescope. This report summarizes the HSTS framework and its application to the Hubble Space Telescope domain. First, the HSTS software architecture is described, indicating (1) how the structure and dynamics of a system is modeled in HSTS, (2) how schedules are represented at multiple levels of abstraction, and (3) the problem solving machinery that is provided. Next, the specific scheduler developed within this software architecture for detailed management of Hubble Space Telescope operations is presented. Finally, experimental performance results are given that confirm the utility and practicality of the approach.

Muscettola, Nicola; Smith, Steven S.

1996-01-01

31

Expert systems tools for Hubble Space Telescope observation scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The utility of expert systems techniques for the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) planning and scheduling is discussed and a plan for development of expert system tools which will augment the existing ground system is described. Additional capabilities provided by these tools will include graphics-oriented plan evaluation, long-range analysis of the observation pool, analysis of optimal scheduling time intervals, constructing sequences of spacecraft activities which minimize operational overhead, and optimization of linkages between observations. Initial prototyping of a scheduler used the Automated Reasoning Tool running on a LISP workstation.

Miller, Glenn; Rosenthal, Don; Cohen, William; Johnston, Mark

1987-01-01

32

Radio observations of the Milky Way from the classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the project to introduce the first European network of radio telescopes for education. It enables pupils to detect spectral line emission of neutral hydrogen in the Milky Way at a wavelength of 21 cm. Any classroom connected to Internet via any web-browser can remotely control one of the radio-telescopes, observe and analyse obtained spectra: derive the Milky-Way rotation curve and recognise spiral arms in hydrogen distribution. Doing exercises pupils, guided by their teachers, learn the basics of radio astronomy research, use scientific method to explore and interpret the attained spectral data. A range of attractive educational materials are prepared to help in disseminating the scientific knowledge in the classroom and demonstrate the modern information technology.

Chy?y, Krzysztof T.

2014-12-01

33

Planning and Scheduling for Fleets of Earth Observing Satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We address the problem of scheduling observations for a collection of earth observing satellites. This scheduling task is a difficult optimization problem, potentially involving many satellites, hundreds of requests, constraints on when and how to service each request, and resources such as instruments, recording devices, transmitters, and ground stations. High-fidelity models are required to ensure the validity of schedules; at the same time, the size and complexity of the problem makes it unlikely that systematic optimization search methods will be able to solve them in a reasonable time. This paper presents a constraint-based approach to solving the Earth Observing Satellites (EOS) scheduling problem, and proposes a stochastic heuristic search method for solving it.

Frank, Jeremy; Jonsson, Ari; Morris, Robert; Smith, David E.; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

34

SOFIA's Choice: Automating the Scheduling of Airborne Observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the problem of scheduling observations for an airborne telescope. Given a set of prioritized observations to choose from, and a wide range of complex constraints governing legitimate choices and orderings, how can we efficiently and effectively create a valid flight plan which supports high priority observations? This problem is quite different from scheduling problems which are routinely solved automatically in industry. For instance, the problem requires making choices which lead to other choices later, and contains many interacting complex constraints over both discrete and continuous variables. Furthermore, new types of constraints may be added as the fundamental problem changes. As a result of these features, this problem cannot be solved by traditional scheduling techniques. The problem resembles other problems in NASA and industry, from observation scheduling for rovers and other science instruments to vehicle routing. The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. In 2 we describe the observatory in order to provide some background. In 3 we describe the problem of scheduling a single flight. In 4 we compare flight planning and other scheduling problems and argue that traditional techniques are not sufficient to solve this problem. We also mention similar complex scheduling problems which may benefit from efforts to solve this problem. In 5 we describe an approach for solving this problem based on research into a similar problem, that of scheduling observations for a space-borne probe. In 6 we discuss extensions of the flight planning problem as well as other problems which are similar to flight planning. In 7 we conclude and discuss future work.

Frank, Jeremy; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

35

The Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS): A New Instrument to Characterize University STEM Classroom Practices  

PubMed Central

Instructors and the teaching practices they employ play a critical role in improving student learning in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses. Consequently, there is increasing interest in collecting information on the range and frequency of teaching practices at department-wide and institution-wide scales. To help facilitate this process, we present a new classroom observation protocol known as the Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM or COPUS. This protocol allows STEM faculty, after a short 1.5-hour training period, to reliably characterize how faculty and students are spending their time in the classroom. We present the protocol, discuss how it differs from existing classroom observation protocols, and describe the process by which it was developed and validated. We also discuss how the observation data can be used to guide individual and institutional change. PMID:24297289

Smith, Michelle K.; Jones, Francis H. M.; Gilbert, Sarah L.; Wieman, Carl E.

2013-01-01

36

Measuring Civic Engagement Processes and Youth Civic Empowerment in the Classroom: The CIVVICS Observation Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grounded in the context of the gap in civic participation, action-based civics curricula, and how classroom interactions may affect student development, we present the CIVVICS (Civic Interactions motiVating diVerse Individuals in Classroom Settings) observation tool. CIVVICS's four domains--Lesson Planning and Implementation, Classroom

Stolte, Laurel Cadwallader; Isenbarger, Molly; Cohen, Alison Klebanoff

2014-01-01

37

Heuristics for scheduling Earth observing satellites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes several methods for assigning tasks to Earth Observing Systems Satellites (EOS). We present empirical results for three heuristics, called: Priority Dispatch (PD), Look Ahead (LA), and Genetic Algorithm (GA). These heuristics progress from simple to complex, from less accurate to more accurate, and from fast to slow. We present empirical results as applied to the Window-Constrained Packing

William J. Wolfe; Stephen E. Sorensen

1999-01-01

38

Scheduling the First Year of EUVE Guest Observer Targets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) will be a Guest Observer mission after the completion of an all-sky survey in the first six months. The first Guest Observer pointing will take place at the end of January 1993. The EUVE Peer Review Panel met in mid-October 1992. NASA was scheduled to release the approved target list for the first year of GO pointings in mid-November 1992. The EUVE Science Operations Center then scheduled the targets consistent with the constraints on the satellite, which incidentally will change during the first year. The software used for scheduling consists of constraint and science plan generation programs written at the Center for EUV Astrophysics, UC Berkeley, and the SPIKE scheduling program written at the Space Telescope Science Institute, Johns Hopkins University. This poster will present the problems, solution, and performance of the software in scheduling the first year of EUVE Guest Observer pointings. This work has been supported by NASA contracts NAS5-30180 and NAS5-29298.

Dobson, C. A.; Johnston, M.; Samuel, M. E.; Jelinsky, P.; Christian, C. A.; Biroscak, D.

1992-12-01

39

Classroom observation data and instruction in primary mathematics education: improving design and rigour  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of formal observation in primary mathematics classrooms is supported in the literature as a viable method of determining effective teaching strategies and appropriate tasks for inclusion in the early years of mathematics learning. The twofold aim of this study was to (a) investigate predictive relationships between primary mathematics classroom observational data and student achievement data, and (b) to examine the impact of providing periodic classroom observational data feedback to teachers using a Relational-Feedback-Intervention (RFI) Database Model. This observational research effort focused on an empirical examination of student engagement levels in time spent on specific learning activities observed in primary mathematics classrooms as predictors of student competency outcomes in mathematics. Data were collected from more than 2,000 primary classroom observations in 17 primary schools during 2009-2011 and from standardised end-of-year tests for mathematics achievement. Results revealed predictive relationships among several types of teaching and learning tasks with student achievement. Specifically, the use of mathematics concepts, technology and hands-on materials in primary mathematics classrooms was found to produce substantive predictors of increased student mathematics achievement. Additional findings supported the use of periodic classroom observation data reporting as a positive influence on teachers' decisions in determining instructional tasks for inclusion in primary mathematics classrooms. Study results indicate classroom observational research involving a RFI Database Model is a productive tool for improving teaching and learning in primary mathematics classrooms.

Thompson, Carla J.; Davis, Sandra B.

2014-06-01

40

Three Scheduling Algorithms Applied to the Earth Observing Systems Domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes three approaches to assigning tasks to earth observing satellites (EOS). A fast and simple priority dispatch method is described and shown to produce acceptable schedules most of the time. A look ahead algorithm is then introduced that outperforms the dispatcher by about 12% with only a small increase in run time. These algorithms set the stage for

William J. Wolfe; Stephen E. Sorensen

2000-01-01

41

Nonlinear observer output-feedback MPC treatment scheduling for HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Mathematical models of the immune response to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus demonstrate the potential for dynamic schedules\\u000a of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy to enhance Cytotoxic Lymphocyte-mediated control of HIV infection.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In previous work we have developed a model predictive control (MPC) based method for determining optimal treatment interruption\\u000a schedules for this purpose. In this paper, we introduce a nonlinear observer

Ryan Zurakowski

2011-01-01

42

Sustained classroom observation: what does it reveal about changing teaching practices?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the tension between classroom observation as a form of empowerment and as an instrument of control, the partnership between three 16–19 colleges and a university School of Education in delivering a programme of sustained observation over eight years is explicated. Drawing on the literature about continuing professional development (CPD) and the use of classroom observation as

Tony Lawson

2011-01-01

43

A genetic algorithm for ground-based telescope observation scheduling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prototype genetic algorithm (GA) is being developed to provide assisted and ultimately automated observation scheduling functionality. Harnessing the logic developed for manual queue preparation, the GA can build suitable sets of queues for the potential combinations of environmental and atmospheric conditions. Evolving one step further, the GA can select the most suitable observation for any moment in time, based on allocated priorities, agency balances, and realtime availability of the skies' condition.

Mahoney, William; Veillet, Christian; Thanjavur, Karun

2012-09-01

44

A Validation of the Early Childhood Classroom Observation Measure in Finnish and Estonian Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The aim of the study was to examine the applicability and psychometric properties of the Early Childhood Classroom Observation Measure (ECCOM; D. J. Stipek & P. Byler, 2005) outside the United States. The ECCOM was used to observe 83 kindergarten teachers (49 in Finland and 34 in Estonia) in classroom situations. Self-ratings…

Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve; Pakarinen, Eija; Trossmann, Kaili; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Siekkinen, Martti; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2012-01-01

45

Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre: observation scheduler and sequencer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observational strategy is a critical path in any large survey. The planning of a night requires the knowledge of the fields observed, the quality of the data already secured, and the ones still to be observed to optimize scientific returns. Finally, field maximum altitude, sky distance/brightness during the night and meteorological data (cloud coverage and seeing) have to be taken into account in order to increase the chance to have a successful observation. To support the execution of the J-PAS project at the Javalambre Astrophysical Observatory, we have prepared a scheduler and a sequencer (SCH/SQ) which takes into account all the relevant mentioned parameters. The scheduler first selects the fields which can be observed during the night and orders them on the basis of their figure of merit. It takes into account the quality and spectral coverage of the existing observations as well as the possibility to get a good observation during the night. The sequencer takes into account the meteorological variables in order to prepare the observation queue for the night. During the commissioning of the telescopes at OAJ, we expect to improve our figures of merit and eventually get to a system which can function semi-automatically. This poster describes the design of this software.

Ederoclite, A.; Cristóbal-Hornillos, D.; Moles, M.; Cenarro, A. J.; Marín-Franch, A.; Yanes Díaz, A.; Gruel, N.; Varela, J.; Chueca, S.; Rueda-Teruel, F.; Rueda-Teruel, S.; Luis-Simoes, R.; Hernández-Fuertes, J.; López-Sainz, A.; Chioare Díaz-Martín, M.

2013-05-01

46

Student, Teacher, and Observer Perceptions of the Classroom Environment Before and after the Transition to Junior High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student and teacher perceptions of the classroom environment were assessed during mathematics instruction in 117 sixth grade elementary school classrooms and the following year in 138 seventh grade junior high school classrooms. Observer perceptions were collected in a subset of these classrooms. As hypothesized, after the transition students were given fewer opportunities for input, interaction and cooperation; whole class task

Harriet Feldlaufer; Carol Midgley; Jacquelynne S. Eccles

1988-01-01

47

Research for the Classroom: Analyzing Classroom Literacy Events--What Observing Classroom Conversations about Popular Culture Can Reveal about Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ms. Mayer, a recently retired English language arts teacher, frequently used strategies described in John Golden's book "Reading in the Dark: Using Film as a Tool in the English Classroom." In this book, Golden suggests that ELA teachers "reverse the order: use a film clip to practice the reading and analytical skills that we want our students to…

Garland, Kathy

2012-01-01

48

Applying Squeaky-Wheel Optimization Schedule Airborne Astronomy Observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We apply the Squeaky Wheel Optimization (SWO) algorithm to the problem of scheduling astronomy observations for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, an airborne observatory. The problem contains complex constraints relating the feasibility of an astronomical observation to the position and time at which the observation begins, telescope elevation limits, special use airspace, and available fuel. Solving the problem requires making discrete choices (e.g. selection and sequencing of observations) and continuous ones (e.g. takeoff time and setting up observations by repositioning the aircraft). The problem also includes optimization criteria such as maximizing observing time while simultaneously minimizing total flight time. Previous approaches to the problem fail to scale when accounting for all constraints. We describe how to customize SWO to solve this problem, and show that it finds better flight plans, often with less computation time, than previous approaches.

Frank, Jeremy; Kuerklue, Elif

2004-01-01

49

Bringing Real-time Astronomical Observations into the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sonoma State University Education and Public Outreach group (SSU E/PO) coordinates the Global Telescope Network (GTN) - an informal association of scientists, students, individuals and observatories interested in supporting NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) and Swift missions, as well as the joint ESA/NASA XMM-Newton mission. Partners and associates in the GTN obtain and reduce ground based observations for objects related to the primary science goals for these missions and work together with NASA mission scientists to conduct multi-wavelength studies of exotic objects such as monstrous black holes, and highly-magnetized neutron stars and white dwarfs. The Global Telescope Network provides hands-on classroom activities and engaging instructional materials for a range of levels and interests, including Cookie Cutter Photometry and Jelly Bean Spectroscopy. We also provide mentoring in research practices, telescope use, data analysis and other educational resources. Examples of ongoing research projects will be presented, and the educational resources available through the GTN will be discussed.

Cominsky, L.

2006-12-01

50

Concurrent Validity of the Classroom Strategies Scale for Elementary School--Observer Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is an initial investigation of the concurrent validity of a new assessment, the Classroom Strategies Scale (CSS version 2.0) for Elementary School--Observer Form. The CSS assesses teachers' use of instructional and behavioral management strategies. In the present study, the CSS is compared to the Classroom Assessment Scoring…

Reddy, Linda A.; Fabiano, Gregory A.; Dudek, Christopher M.

2013-01-01

51

Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents K-12 and college classrooms considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, focusing on concepts and ideas that made them exceptional. For each citation, the article offers information on the firm, client,…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

52

Selecting, Scheduling and Carrying Out Observing Programmes at SALT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the manner in which Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) observations are carried out, from the observation proposal process to the final distribution of data to the SALT users. As a background, the general operational model for SALT is also described. In addition I discuss the main top-level design and performance characteristics of both the telescope and instruments, which informs the nature of SALT observing programmes and leads to a natural selection of competitive science projects. Since SALT is a 100% queue-scheduled and service-observing telescope, there is a significant level of flexibility regarding how observations are undertaken. A single observation block can involve different instruments and modes, including calibrations. To support the often complex manner in which observations can be configured, a set of observation proposal and planning tools have been developed for both users and support staff, and these are described in this paper. SALT users can plan their observations using these tools and submit their proposals over the internet in two phases. The Phase~1 proposal contains the scientific and technical justification and target information, but only a basic description of the instrumental and observation configurations. Following approval of the proposals, the Phase~2 proposal is completed which contains all of the details of every observing block, including configurations, exposure times, signal-to-noise requirements, time windows (if applicable), total block observation time and calibration requirements. How SALT observations are undertaken, monitored and reduced is also described.

Buckley, David A. H.

2013-01-01

53

Features of Pre-Kindergarten Programs, Classrooms, and Teachers: Do They Predict Observed Classroom Quality and Child-Teacher Interactions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study to examine the extent to which program, class- room, and teacher attributes of the program ecology predict observed quality and teacher-child interactions in a sample of 238 classrooms representing 6 states' pre-kindergarten programs. Quality was assessed observationally at the global level and for specific teaching

Robert Pianta; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Donna Bryant; Richard Clifford; Diane Early; Oscar Barbarin

2005-01-01

54

Austism diagnostic observation schedule: A standardized observation of communicative and social behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), a standardized protocol for observation of social and communicative behavior associated with autism, is described. The instrument consists of a series of structured and semistructured presses for interaction, accompanied by coding, of specific target behaviors associated with particular tasks and by general ratings of the quality of behaviors. Interrater reliability for five raters exceeded

Catherine Lord; Michael Rutter; Susan Goode; Jacquelyn Heemsbergen; Heather Jordan; Lynn Mawhood; Eric Schopler

1989-01-01

55

Developing and Validating a New Classroom Climate Observation Assessment Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The climate of school classrooms, shaped by a combination of teacher practices and peer processes, is an important determinant for children's psychosocial functioning and is a primary factor affecting bullying and victimization. Given that there are relatively few theoretically grounded and validated assessment tools designed to measure the social…

Leff, Stephen S.; Thomas, Duane E.; Shapiro, Edward S.; Paskewich, Brooke; Wilson, Kim; Necowitz-Hoffman, Beth; Jawad, Abbas F.

2011-01-01

56

Does Class Size in First Grade Relate to Children's Academic and Social Performance or Observed Classroom Processes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the extent to which first-grade class size predicted child outcomes and observed classroom processes for 651 children (in separate classrooms). Analyses examined observed child-adult ratios and teacher-reported class sizes. Smaller classrooms showed higher quality instructional and emotional support, although children were…

Allhusen, Virginia; Belsky, Jay; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn L.; Bradley, Robert; Brownwell, Celia A; Burchinal, Margaret; Campbell, Susan B.; Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison; Cox, Martha; Friedman, Sarah L.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathryn; Houts, Renate M.; Huston, Aletha; Jaeger, Elizabeth; Johnson, Deborah J.; Kelly, Jean F.; Knoke, Bonnie; Marshall, Nancy; McCartney, Kathleen; Morrison, Frederick J.; O'Brien, Marion; Tresch Owen, Margaret; Payne, Chris; Phillips, Deborah; Pianta, Robert; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Robeson, Wendy W.; Spieker, Susan; Lowe Vandell, Deborah; Weinraub, Marsha

2004-01-01

57

Observations of AA Tau requested to schedule XMM-Newton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dr. Hans Moritz Guenther (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics) has requested nightly observations of the classical T Tauri star AA Tau in order to schedule x-ray observations with XMM-Newton that have been planned for between 2013 August 15 and September 15. The purpose of the AAVSO observations is to determine whether AA Tau is at a suitable magnitude for the satellite observations. Taurus is difficult to observe during this time period but that is exactly why AAVSO assistance is needed! AA Tau is a morning object, and also, many of the professional ground-based telescopes are offline because of the US southwest monsoon season. Since it is critical to know the brightness of AA Tau, AAVSO observations will be truly essential. Nightly visual and snapshot (not more than once per night) observations beginning now and continuing through September 20 are needed. Coverage beginning ahead of the XMM window is requested because there is a one- to two-week lead time for the target to be inserted into the telescope schedule. Continuing the nightly observations a few days beyond the end of the XMM window will give better optical context for the x-ray data. AA Tau ranges between ~12.8V and ~16.1V; since December 2011 or earlier it has been at ~14.5V. The most recent observation in the AAVSO International Database shows it at 14.779V on 2013 Feb 5 (J. Roe, Bourbon, MO). Dr. Guenther writes, "AA Tau is surrounded by a thick accretion disk which is seen nearly edge-on. For decades the light curve of AA Tau showed regular eclipsing events when the accretion funnel rotated through the line of sight. However, earlier this year J. Bouvier and his group found that this behavior changed dramatically: AA Tau now seems to be deeply absorbed all the time (V band 14.5 mag). In collaboration with this group we will perform X-ray observations of AA Tau with the XMM-Newton satellite." Finder charts with sequence may be created using the AAVSO Variable Star Plo! tter (http://www.aavso.org/vsp). Observations should be submitted to the AAVSO International Database. See full Alert Notice for more details.

Waagen, Elizabeth O.

2013-08-01

58

Generalizability and Decision Studies to Inform Observational and Experimental Research in Classroom Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attaining reliable estimates of observational measures can be challenging in school and classroom settings, as behavior can be influenced by multiple contextual factors. Generalizability (G) studies can enable researchers to estimate the reliability of observational data, and decision (D) studies can inform how many observation sessions are…

Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Lloyd, Blair; Carter, Erik W.; Asmus, Jennifer M.

2014-01-01

59

(42355) Typhon-Echidna: Scheduling Observations for Binary Orbit Determination  

E-print Network

We describe a strategy for scheduling astrometric observations to minimize the number required to determine the mutual orbits of binary transneptunian systems. The method is illustrated by application to Hubble Space Telescope observations of (42355) Typhon-Echidna, revealing that Typhon and Echidna orbit one another with a period of 18.971 +/- 0.006 days and a semimajor axis of 1628 +/- 29 km, implying a system mass of (9.49 +/- 0.52) x 10^17 kg. The eccentricity of the orbit is 0.526 +/- 0.015. Combined with a radiometric size determined from Spitzer Space Telescope data and the assumption that Typhon and Echidna both have the same albedo, we estimate that their radii are 76 +14/-16 and 42 +8/-9 km, respectively. These numbers give an average bulk density of only 0.44 +0.44/-0.17 g cm^-3, consistent with very low bulk densities recently reported for two other small transneptunian binaries.

W. M. Grundy; K. S. Noll; J. Virtanen; K. Muinonen; S. D. Kern; D. C. Stephens; J. A. Stansberry; H. F. Levison; J. R. Spencer

2008-04-15

60

Functional Communication Training without Extinction Using Concurrent Schedules of Differing Magnitudes of Reinforcement in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of functional communication training (FCT) implemented with concurrent schedules of differing magnitudes of reinforcement in lieu of extinction to reduce inappropriate behaviors and increase alternative mands. Participants were four adolescent students diagnosed with severe emotional and behavior disorders…

Davis, Dawn H.; Fredrick, Laura D.; Alberto, Paul A.; Gama, Roberto

2012-01-01

61

An Observational Method in the Foreign Language Classroom: A Closer Look at Interaction Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes both Flanders' and the Foreign Language Interaction (FLint) methods of classroom observation and concludes that both systems are deficient in accuracy, reliability and practicality. Observing, recording and decision-making difficulties are inherent, and system complexities and teacher biases add to the problems. (CHK)

Bailey, Leona G.

1975-01-01

62

The Reliability of Classroom Observations by School Personnel. Research Paper. MET Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many teachers, the classroom observation has been the only opportunity to receive direct feedback from another school professional. As such, it is an indispensable part of every teacher evaluation system. Yet it also requires a major time commitment from teachers, principals, and peer observers. To justify the investment of time and resources,…

Ho, Andrew D.; Kane, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

63

Teacher Perceptions and Classroom Observations of Writing Opportunities in Prekindergarten Classrooms  

E-print Network

of Research ............................................................................................. 118 Observational Studies in Writing .................................................................. 119 Summary of Appendix C... ........................................................................................................... 237 APPENDIX B ........................................................................................................... 244 APPENDIX C...

Hogan, Kathy Marie

2014-05-07

64

S PIKE : Intelligent Scheduling of Hubble Space Telescope Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the S PIKE system, a general framework for scheduling which has been developed by the Space Telescope Science Institute for NASA's Hubble Space Tele-scope (HST). Efficient use of astronomical observatories is very important to the scientific community: the demand for research-grade telescopes far exceeds the supply. The need for efficient scheduling is especially keen for space-based facilities

Mark D. Johnston; Glenn E. Miller

1994-01-01

65

A Dynamic Scheduling Method of Earth-Observing Satellites by Employing Rolling Horizon Strategy  

PubMed Central

Focused on the dynamic scheduling problem for earth-observing satellites (EOS), an integer programming model is constructed after analyzing the main constraints. The rolling horizon (RH) strategy is proposed according to the independent arriving time and deadline of the imaging tasks. This strategy is designed with a mixed triggering mode composed of periodical triggering and event triggering, and the scheduling horizon is decomposed into a series of static scheduling intervals. By optimizing the scheduling schemes in each interval, the dynamic scheduling of EOS is realized. We also propose three dynamic scheduling algorithms by the combination of the RH strategy and various heuristic algorithms. Finally, the scheduling results of different algorithms are compared and the presented methods in this paper are demonstrated to be efficient by extensive experiments. PMID:23690742

Dishan, Qiu; Chuan, He; Jin, Liu; Manhao, Ma

2013-01-01

66

The Individualized Classroom Assessment Scoring System (inCLASS): Preliminary Reliability and Validity of a System for Observing Preschoolers’ Competence in Classroom Interactions  

PubMed Central

This paper introduces the Individualized Classroom Assessment Scoring System (inCLASS), an observation tool that targets children’s interactions in preschool classrooms with teachers, peers, and tasks. In particular, initial evidence is reported of the extent to which the inCLASS meets the following psychometric criteria: inter-rater reliability, normal distributions and adequate range, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. These initial findings suggest that the inCLASS has the potential to provide an authentic, contextualized assessment of young children’s classroom behaviors. Future directions for research with the inCLASS are discussed. PMID:23175598

Downer, Jason T.; Booren, Leslie M.; Lima, Olivia K.; Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

2012-01-01

67

Teacher Interviews, Student Interviews, and Classroom Observations in Combinatorics: Four Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research consists of teacher interviews, student interviews, and classroom observations, all based around the mathematical content area of combinatorics. Combinatorics is a part of discrete mathematics concerning the ordering and grouping of distinct elements. The data are used in four separate analyses. The first provides evidence that…

Caddle, Mary C.

2012-01-01

68

IRR (Inter-Rater Reliability) of a COP (Classroom Observation Protocol)--A Critical Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notwithstanding broad utility of COPs (classroom observation protocols), there has been limited documentation of the psychometric properties of even the most popular COPs. This study attempted to fill this void by closely examining the item and domain-level IRR (inter-rater reliability) of a COP that was used in a federally funded striving readers…

Rui, Ning; Feldman, Jill M.

2012-01-01

69

Classroom Observation Data and Instruction in Primary Mathematics Education: Improving Design and Rigour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of formal observation in primary mathematics classrooms is supported in the literature as a viable method of determining effective teaching strategies and appropriate tasks for inclusion in the early years of mathematics learning. The twofold aim of this study was to (a) investigate predictive relationships between primary mathematics…

Thompson, Carla J.; Davis, Sandra B.

2014-01-01

70

Five Methods to Score the Teacher Observation of Classroom Adaptation Checklist and to Examine Group Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared 5 scoring methods in terms of their statistical assumptions. They were then used to score the Teacher Observation of Classroom Adaptation Checklist, a measure consisting of 3 subscales and 21 Likert-type items. The 5 methods used were (a) sum/average scores of items, (b) latent factor scores with continuous indicators, (c)…

Wang, Ze; Rohrer, David; Chuang, Chi-ching; Fujiki, Mayo; Herman, Keith; Reinke, Wendy

2015-01-01

71

Reliability and Validity of the Classroom Observations of Student-Teacher Interactions (COSTI) for Kindergarten Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the technical adequacy and potential uses of an observation system used to measure the quality of literacy instruction in kindergarten classrooms. The Classroom Observations of Student-Teacher Interactions (COSTI) documents the frequency of four student-teacher interactions during beginning reading instruction: explicit…

Smolkowski, Keith; Gunn, Barbara

2012-01-01

72

Generalizability and decision studies to inform observational and experimental research in classroom settings.  

PubMed

Attaining reliable estimates of observational measures can be challenging in school and classroom settings, as behavior can be influenced by multiple contextual factors. Generalizability (G) studies can enable researchers to estimate the reliability of observational data, and decision (D) studies can inform how many observation sessions are necessary to achieve a criterion level of reliability. We conducted G and D studies using observational data from a randomized control trial focusing on social and academic participation of students with severe disabilities in inclusive secondary classrooms. Results highlight the importance of anchoring observational decisions to reliability estimates from existing or pilot data sets. We outline steps for conducting G and D studies and address options when reliability estimates are lower than desired. PMID:25354126

Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Lloyd, Blair; Carter, Erik W; Asmus, Jennifer M

2014-11-01

73

A Teacher Observation Instrument for PBL Classroom Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching is a complex activity that requires making ongoing multiple decisions and sporadic, responsive actions all while performing preplanned prescribed tasks. Evidence of certain aspects of teaching can be best assessed with a well-designed observation instrument. This instrument was designed to assess the enactment of the essential elements of…

Stearns, Linda M.; Morgan, Jim; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Capraro, Robert M.

2012-01-01

74

Development and construct validity of the Classroom Strategies Scale-Observer Form.  

PubMed

Research on progress monitoring has almost exclusively focused on student behavior and not on teacher practices. This article presents the development and validation of a new teacher observational assessment (Classroom Strategies Scale) of classroom instructional and behavioral management practices. The theoretical underpinnings and empirical basis for the instructional and behavioral management scales are presented. The Classroom Strategies Scale (CSS) evidenced overall good reliability estimates including internal consistency, interrater reliability, test-retest reliability, and freedom from item bias on important teacher demographics (age, educational degree, years of teaching experience). Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) of CSS data from 317 classrooms were carried out to assess the level of empirical support for (a) a 4 first-order factor theory concerning teachers' instructional practices, and (b) a 4 first-order factor theory concerning teachers' behavior management practice. Several fit indices indicated acceptable fit of the (a) and (b) CFA models to the data, as well as acceptable fit of less parsimonious alternative CFA models that included 1 or 2 second-order factors. Information-theory-based indices generally suggested that the (a) and (b) CFA models fit better than some more parsimonious alternative CFA models that included constraints on relations of first-order factors. Overall, CFA first-order and higher order factor results support the CSS-Observer Total, Composite, and subscales. Suggestions for future measurement development efforts are outlined. PMID:24341926

Reddy, Linda A; Fabiano, Gregory; Dudek, Christopher M; Hsu, Louis

2013-12-01

75

Observational Assessment of Preschool Disruptive Behavior, Part II: Validity of the Disruptive Behavior Diagnostic Observation Schedule (DB-DOS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study is conducted to determine whether the multidomain, multicontext Disruptive Behavior Diagnostic Observation Schedule (DB-DOS) is a valid observational method for assessing disruptive behavior of preschool children. It is concluded that the DB-DOS is a valid method for a direct observational assessment of clinically significant disruptive…

Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J.; Hill, Carri; Danis, Barbara; Leventhal, Bennett L.; Keenan, Kate; Egger, Helen L.; Cicchetti, Domenic; Burns, James; Carter, Alice S.

2008-01-01

76

In observance of the Memorial Day holiday, METRO will operate on the following schedule  

E-print Network

In observance of the Memorial Day holiday, METRO will operate on the following schedule: · BusesMACS-WEB,youwillneedyour client ID and password. · METRO's RideStore and Lost & Found will be closed. · METRO's Customer Care-635-4000 or 713-635-6993 (TDD). For route or schedule information, call 713-635-4000, 713-635-6993 (TDD). www.RideMETRO

Azevedo, Ricardo

77

Classroom Observations of Instructional Practices and Technology Use by Elementary School Teachers and Students in an Ethnically-and Economically-Diverse School District  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to observe pre-kindergarten through fifth-grade public school classrooms to examine differences among instructional practices and technology use by teachers, students and the overall classroom. The current study...

Rollins, Kayla Braziel

2012-10-19

78

Advanced gain scheduling techniques for the design of parameter-dependent observers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a systematic framework for the design of affine gain scheduled observers for affine LPV systems. The stability of the estimation error is based on the existence of an affine parameter-dependent Lyapunov function. The main contribution of the paper is the fact that the observer synthesis is formulated as a more easily tractable condition. This is achieved by the

G. Iulia BARA; Jamal DAAFOUZ; F. Kratz

2001-01-01

79

Dynamic scheduling and planning parallel observations on large Radio Telescope Arrays with the Square Kilometre Array in mind  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scheduling, the task of producing a time table for resources and tasks, is well-known to be a difficult problem the more resources are involved (a NP-hard problem). This is about to become an issue in Radio astronomy as observatories consisting of hundreds to thousands of telescopes are planned and operated. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA), which Australia and New Zealand bid to host, is aiming for scales where current approaches -- in construction, operation but also scheduling -- are insufficent. Although manual scheduling is common today, the problem is becoming complicated by the demand for (1) independent sub-arrays doing simultaneous observations, which requires the scheduler to plan parallel observations and (2) dynamic re-scheduling on changed conditions. Both of these requirements apply to the SKA, especially in the construction phase. We review the scheduling approaches taken in the astronomy literature, as well as investigate techniques from human schedulers and today's observatories. The scheduling problem is specified in general for scientific observations and in particular on radio telescope arrays. Also taken into account is the fact that the observatory may be oversubscribed, requiring the scheduling problem to be integrated with a planning process. We solve this long-term scheduling problem using a time-based encoding that works in the very general case of observation scheduling. This research then compares algorithms from various approaches, including fast heuristics from CPU scheduling, Linear Integer Programming and Genetic algorithms, Branch-and-Bound enumeration schemes. Measures include not only goodness of the solution, but also scalability and re-scheduling capabilities. In conclusion, we have identified a fast and good scheduling approach that allows (re-)scheduling difficult and changing problems by combining heuristics with a Genetic algorithm using block-wise mutation operations. We are able to explain and eradicate two problems in the literature: The inability of a GA to properly improve schedules and the generation of schedules with frequent interruptions. Finally, we demonstrate the scheduling framework for several operating telescopes: (1) Dynamic re-scheduling with the AUT Warkworth 12m telescope, (2) Scheduling for the Australian Mopra 22m telescope and scheduling for the Allen Telescope Array. Furthermore, we discuss the applicability of the presented scheduling framework to the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA, in construction) and the SKA. In particular, during the development phase of the SKA, this dynamic, scalable scheduling framework can accommodate changing conditions.

Buchner, Johannes

2011-12-01

80

Obstacles and Challenges Hindering Sky Observations in a College Astronomy Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A qualitative study of an introductory college astronomy class specifically for pre-service teachers was made. This study systematically studied details of student-instructor interactions with a specific goal of finding obstacles and challenges that might hinder students making observations of the night sky. Interviews with students and the instructor, as well as classroom observations, were conducted during the entire course. Students exhibited frustration with bad weather as well as confusion about cardinal point directions. A key finding was that certain students, who hadn't kept up with assignments, were found to be fabricating sky observational data. Students used language for this fabrication of data that suggested that they thought there was nothing inappropriate. The instructor made the assignments vague enough so that the students felt they were within their right to "fudge" the data. Details of student-instructor interactions will be discussed and interpreted.

Alexander, W. R.

2005-12-01

81

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Module 4: Revised Algorithm and Standardized Severity Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recently published Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd edition (ADOS-2) includes revised diagnostic algorithms and standardized severity scores for modules used to assess younger children. A revised algorithm and severity scores are not yet available for Module 4, used with verbally fluent adults. The current study revises the Module 4…

Hus, Vanessa; Lord, Catherine

2014-01-01

82

H2 gain scheduled observer based controllers for rational LPV systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the design of H2 gain scheduled observer based controllers for rational linear parameter varying systems (LPV). Such systems are equivalently recast as affine descriptor LPV systems. The stability of the closed loop is proved and the H2 performance is ensured thanks to a Youla parameter optimization. A numerical example is presented to illustrate the efficiency of the

Anis Bouali; Mohamed Yagoubi; Philippe Chevrel

2008-01-01

83

Use of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) in a Clinical Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) as it is commonly used in clinical practice. ADOS classifications were compared to final diagnoses given by a multidisciplinary team to 584 children referred for evaluation for possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical…

Molloy, Cynthia A.; Murray, Donna S.; Akers, Rachel; Mitchell, Terry; Manning-Courtney, Patricia

2011-01-01

84

Gain scheduled missile autopilot design using observer-based H? control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies gain scheduled autopilot design in the pitch axis. To achieve the tracking specification with both stability and performance robustness for pitch autopilot design, frequency shaping is adopted and H? optimization is employed. It it shown that with suitable modification of the design objective in Nichols, Reichart, and Rugh (1993), the resulting central H? controller has an observer

Guoxiang Gu; J. R. Cloutier; Gisoon Kim

1995-01-01

85

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adults: The Use of Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Module 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) module 4 was investigated in an independent sample of high-functioning adult males with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to three specific diagnostic groups: schizophrenia, psychopathy, and typical development. ADOS module 4 proves to be a reliable instrument with good predictive value. It…

Bastiaansen, Jojanneke A.; Meffert, Harma; Hein, Simone; Huizinga, Petra; Ketelaars, Cees; Pijnenborg, Marieke; Bartels, Arnold; Minderaa, Ruud; Keysers, Christian; de Bildt, Annelies

2011-01-01

86

[The BASYS observation system for the analysis of aggressive behavior in classroom-settings].  

PubMed

Educational or therapeutic measures of aggressive student behavior are often based on the judgments of teachers. However, empirical studies show that the objectivity of these judgments is generally low. In order to assess aggressive behavior in classroom settings, we developed a context-sensitive observational system. The observation system exists in a version for teachers in action as well as a version for the uninvolved observer. The teacher version allows categorizing aggressive behavior while teaching. The aim is to differentiate the perception and the judgments of teachers, so that the judgments can serve as trustable diagnostic information. The version for an independent observer, in addition, contains categories to collect information about the context in which aggressions take place. The behavior observation system was tested in four field-studies in regular and special classes. The empirical results show that, after training, teachers were able to make objective observations, and that aggressive behavior depends to a large extent on situational factors. The system allows identification of problematic people-environment relationships and the derivation of intervention measures. PMID:22748725

Wettstein, Alexander

2012-01-01

87

CHIRON TOOLS: Integrated Target Submission, Scheduling and Observing Systems for a High Resolution Fiber Fed Spectrograph  

E-print Network

The CHIRON spectrometer is a new high-resolution, fiber-fed instrument on the 1.5 meter telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-America Observatory (CTIO). To optimize use of the instrument and limited human resources, we have designed an integrated set of web applications allowing target submission, observing script planning, nightly script execution and logging, and access to reduced data by multiple users. The unified and easy to use interface has dramatically reduced the time needed to submit and schedule observations and improved the efficiency and accuracy of nightly operations. We present our experience to help astronomers and project managers who need to plan for the scope of effort required to commission a queue-scheduled facility instrument.

Brewer, John M; Fischer, Debra A

2013-01-01

88

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Teachers' Expressed Beliefs about Music Education and Their Observed Practices in Classroom Music Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through interviews and observing day-to-day classroom practice, this study explores the beliefs of 10 music teachers in elementary schools in Vancouver and Hong Kong. The results demonstrate that the music teachers of the two localities hold similar cognitive beliefs about the essential elements of music education. However, they hold different…

Wong, Marina

2005-01-01

89

A cross?cultural comparison of teachers’ expressed beliefs about music education and their observed practices in classroom music teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through interviews and observing day?to?day classroom practice, this study explores the beliefs of 10 music teachers in elementary schools in Vancouver and Hong Kong. The results demonstrate that the music teachers of the two localities hold similar cognitive beliefs about the essential elements of music education. However, they hold different beliefs about the value or impact of music education on

Marina Wong

2005-01-01

90

Who Is Granted Authority in the Mathematics Classroom? An Analysis of the Observed and Perceived Distribution of Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article deals with the way in which authority was established and interpreted by teachers and students in two Flemish sixth-grade mathematics classrooms. Problem-solving lessons during a seven-month observation period were analysed regarding three aspects of teacher-student interactions that explicitly or implicitly reflect who bears…

Depaepe, Fien; De Corte, Erik; Verschaffel, Lieven

2012-01-01

91

Observing Emotional Interactions between Teachers and Students in Elementary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering emotional skills in the elementary (primary) school classroom can lead to improved learning outcomes, more prosocial behavior, and positive emotional development. Incorporating emotional skill development into the naturalistic and implicit teaching environment is a key feature of what is meant by the emotional climate of the classroom.…

Yan, Elizabeth M.; Evans, Ian M.; Harvey, Shane T.

2011-01-01

92

Behavior Management in Preschool Classrooms: Insights Revealed through Systematic Observation and Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study examined behavior management strategies used by preschool teachers to address student noncompliance in the classroom. Specifically, the study aimed to (1) examine the methods that preschool teachers are currently using to respond to noncompliant behavior in their classrooms, (2) measure the frequency with which each…

Ritz, Mariah; Noltemeyer, Amity; Davis, Darrel; Green, Jennifer

2014-01-01

93

A knowledge-based expert system for scheduling of airborne astronomical observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Kuiper Airborne Observatory Scheduler (KAOS) is a knowledge-based expert system developed at NASA Ames Research Center to assist in route planning of a C-141 flying astronomical observatory. This program determines a sequence of flight legs that enables sequential observations of a set of heavenly bodies derived from a list of desirable objects. The possible flight legs are constrained by problems of observability, avoiding flyovers of warning and restricted military zones, and running out of fuel. A significant contribution of the KAOS program is that it couples computational capability with a reasoning system.

Nachtsheim, P. R.; Gevarter, W. B.; Stutz, J. C.; Banda, C. P.

1985-01-01

94

Inside the Primary Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some of the findings of the ORACLE research program (Observational Research and Classroom Learning Evaluation), a detailed observational study of teacher-student interaction, teaching styles, and management methods within a sample of primary classrooms. (Editor/SJL)

Simon, Brian

1980-01-01

95

The View from the Little Chair in the Corner: Improving Teacher Practice and Early Childhood Learning (Wisdom from an Experienced Classroom Observer)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a down-to-earth, heart-to-heart book about what it takes to be an exceptional early childhood teacher. The author uses her experience as a classroom observer and a developmental psychologist to create a rationale for best practice--the reasoning behind the best (worst and average) classroom practice. Cindy Rzasa Bess examines a variety of…

Bess, Cindy Rzasa

2009-01-01

96

Office of Classroom Management 2011 Annual Report  

E-print Network

Office of Classroom Management 2011 Annual Report Office of Classroom Management · Academic Support Director, Office of Classroom Management Charts/graphs Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Office of Classroom Management 2011 Annual Report #12;1 2011 OCM Annual Report OCM's functions Scheduling

Thomas, David D.

97

Cooperative scheduling of imaging observation tasks for high-altitude airships based on propagation algorithm.  

PubMed

The cooperative scheduling problem on high-altitude airships for imaging observation tasks is discussed. A constraint programming model is established by analyzing the main constraints, which takes the maximum task benefit and the minimum cruising distance as two optimization objectives. The cooperative scheduling problem of high-altitude airships is converted into a main problem and a subproblem by adopting hierarchy architecture. The solution to the main problem can construct the preliminary matching between tasks and observation resource in order to reduce the search space of the original problem. Furthermore, the solution to the sub-problem can detect the key nodes that each airship needs to fly through in sequence, so as to get the cruising path. Firstly, the task set is divided by using k-core neighborhood growth cluster algorithm (K-NGCA). Then, a novel swarm intelligence algorithm named propagation algorithm (PA) is combined with the key node search algorithm (KNSA) to optimize the cruising path of each airship and determine the execution time interval of each task. Meanwhile, this paper also provides the realization approach of the above algorithm and especially makes a detailed introduction on the encoding rules, search models, and propagation mechanism of the PA. Finally, the application results and comparison analysis show the proposed models and algorithms are effective and feasible. PMID:23365522

Chuan, He; Dishan, Qiu; Jin, Liu

2012-01-01

98

Cooperative Scheduling of Imaging Observation Tasks for High-Altitude Airships Based on Propagation Algorithm  

PubMed Central

The cooperative scheduling problem on high-altitude airships for imaging observation tasks is discussed. A constraint programming model is established by analyzing the main constraints, which takes the maximum task benefit and the minimum cruising distance as two optimization objectives. The cooperative scheduling problem of high-altitude airships is converted into a main problem and a subproblem by adopting hierarchy architecture. The solution to the main problem can construct the preliminary matching between tasks and observation resource in order to reduce the search space of the original problem. Furthermore, the solution to the sub-problem can detect the key nodes that each airship needs to fly through in sequence, so as to get the cruising path. Firstly, the task set is divided by using k-core neighborhood growth cluster algorithm (K-NGCA). Then, a novel swarm intelligence algorithm named propagation algorithm (PA) is combined with the key node search algorithm (KNSA) to optimize the cruising path of each airship and determine the execution time interval of each task. Meanwhile, this paper also provides the realization approach of the above algorithm and especially makes a detailed introduction on the encoding rules, search models, and propagation mechanism of the PA. Finally, the application results and comparison analysis show the proposed models and algorithms are effective and feasible. PMID:23365522

Chuan, He; Dishan, Qiu; Jin, Liu

2012-01-01

99

Measuring Instructional Interactions in Kindergarten Mathematics Classrooms through a Direct Observation System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is convincing evidence that many students struggle to learn mathematics proficiently. One plausible contributor to the low math achievement is the quantity and quality of learning opportunities provided in classrooms. These opportunities may fall short of addressing the learning needs of students, especially those at risk for failure in…

Doabler, Christian T.

2010-01-01

100

Are Handheld Computers Dependable? A New Data Collection System for Classroom-Based Observations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Very little research exists on the dependability of handheld computers used in public school classrooms. This study addresses four dependability criteria--reliability, maintainability, availability, and safety--to evaluate a data collection tool on a handheld computer. Data were collected from five sources: (1) time-use estimations by 19 special…

Adiguzel, Tufan; Vannest, Kimberly J.; Parker, Richard I.

2009-01-01

101

Using Ocean Observing Systems Data in K-12 Classrooms: Proceedings from a Workshop Exploring the Merit and Feasibility of Developing a National Ocean Observing Systems (NOOS) Education Product  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ocean engineers and scientists are transforming the way we experience and understand the ocean through Integrated Ocean Observing Systems (IOOS). For the first time, there will be continuous, sustained, near-realtime, multi-dimensional data available from the oceans, collected both from within the oceans using sensors systems and above using remote sensing methodologies. These data make possible inquiry-driven questions concerning the dynamic nature of the ocean's physical, biological and chemical characteristics in both time and space. These data provide unique and meaningful access to the ocean for a broad range of users. One major expected user group is K-12 educators and their students, who will be able to explore and utilize data and information from coastal observing systems in real time from the classroom. This workshop, held in July of 2005, explored the feasability of developing a collection of resources, tools, and/or classroom applications that use National Ocean Observing Systems (NOOS) data and resources to promote ocean literacy and supplement classroom learning and understanding of the ocean environment.

102

Thursday's Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every Thursday, this NASA-created learning resource presents a new topic with the aim of providing "a lasting connection between NASA's latest research and the classroom environment." Prior lesson topics have included the recent solar eclipse, the Mars Polar Lander, and organisms that survive in extreme conditions and their implications for the possibility of extraterrestrial life. For each lesson, there are links to news reports and a range of lesson plans and activity sheets designed for different age groups. The site also contains an archive/ schedule of prior and future lessons.

103

Pre-Linguistic Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Adapted for Older Individuals with Severe to Profound Mental Retardation: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS) is a semi-structured observational scale developed to assess social interaction, communication and play in individuals who are suspected to have autism. Since the ADOS is not suitable to be used with severely or profoundly mentally retarded adolescents and adults with very limited language…

Berument, Sibel Kazak; Starr, Elizabeth; Pickles, Andrew; Tomlins, Megan; Papanikolauou, Katerina; Lord, Catherine; Rutter, Michael

2005-01-01

104

Collaboration Between Astronomers at UT Austin and K-12 Teachers: Connecting the Experience of Observing and Research with the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

McDonald Observatory has a long history of providing teacher professional development (PD), and recently we have developed a new workshop model for more advanced participants. By choosing a select group of middle and high school teachers from those previously involved in our past PD programs, we have created a joint workshop / observing run program for them. After traveling to the observatory, the teachers participate in an actual observing run with a research astronomer. The teachers are trained first-hand how to take observations, operate the telescope, set up the instrument, and monitor observing conditions. The teachers are fully put in the role of observer. They are also given background information before and during the workshop related to the science and data they are helping to collect. The teachers work in teams to both perform the nightly observations with an astronomer, but to also perform new interactive classroom activities with education staff, and use other telescopes on the mountain. This is a unique experience for teachers since it allows them to take the resources and experiences directly back to their classrooms and students. They can directly relate to their students what skills for specific careers in STEM fields are needed. Evaluation from these workshops shows that there is: increased content knowledge among participants, greater impact that will be passed on to their students, and an authentic research experience that can't be replicated in other PD settings. In addition, not only is this program beneficial to the teachers, but this group is benefit to the education program of McDonald Observatory. Building on an existing PD program (with a 16 year history) we have the opportunity to test out new products and new education endeavors with this devoted group of well-trained teachers before bringing them to wider teacher and student audiences. This program is currently supported by the NSF grant AST-1211585 (PI Sneden).

Finkelstein, Keely D.; Sneden, Christopher; Hemenway, Mary Kay; Preston, Sandra; EXES Teachers Associate Program

2015-01-01

105

The Role of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule in the Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorders in School and Community Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism diagnostic practices among school and clinical psychologists, particularly those using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), were examined using national survey results (N = 132). School and clinical psychologists were similar in following the Best Practice Guidelines for screening, diagnosis and assessment. School…

Akshoomoff, Natacha; Corsello, Christina; Schmidt, Heather

2006-01-01

106

Socio-Communicative Deficits in Young Children with Williams Syndrome: Performance on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this investigation, the socio-communicative skills of 29 children with Williams syndrome aged 2 ½ to 5 ½ years were examined using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Module 1. Most of the participants showed socio-communicative difficulties. Approximately half of the participants were classified by the ADOS algorithm as “autism spectrum.” Three participants were classified “autism.” Difficulties with pointing, gestures,

Bonita P. Klein-Tasman; Carolyn B. Mervis; Catherine Lord; Kristin D. Phillips

2007-01-01

107

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule?Generic: AStandard Measure of Social and Communication Deficits Associated with the Spectrum of Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G) is a semistructured, stan- dardized assessment of social interaction, communication, play, and imaginative use of ma- terials for individuals suspected of having autism spectrum disorders. The observational sched- ule consists of four 30-minute modules, each designed to be administered to different individuals according to their level of expressive language. Psychometric data are presented for

Catherine Lord; Susan Risi; Linda Lambrecht; Edwin H. Cook; Bennett L. Leventhal; Pamela C. Dilavore; Andrew Pickles; Michael Rutter

108

Scheduling satellite imagery acquisition for sequential assimilation of water level observation into flood modelling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellite-based imagery has proved useful for obtaining information on water levels in flood events. Microwave frequencies are generally more useful for flood detection than visible-band sensors because of its all-weather day-night capability. Specifically, the future SWOT mission, with Ka-band interferometry, will be able to provide direct Water Level Observations (WLOs), and current and future Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sensors can provide information of flood extent, which, when intersected with a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the floodplain, provides indirect WLOs. By either means, satellite-based WLOs can be assimilated into a hydrodynamic model to decrease forecast uncertainty and further to estimate river discharge into the flooded domain. Operational scenarios can even make a combined use of imagery from different uncoordinated missions to sequentially estimate river discharge. Thus, with an increasing number of operational satellites with WLO capability, information on the relationship between satellite first visit, revisit times, and forecast performance is required to optimise the operational scheduling of satellite imagery. By using an Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (ETKF) and a synthetic analysis with the 2D hydrodynamic model LISFLOOD-FP based on a real flooding case affecting an urban area (summer 2007, Tewkesbury, Southwest UK), we evaluate the sensitivity of the forecast performance to visit parameters. As an example, we use different scenarios of revisit times and observational errors expected from the current COSMO-Skymed (CSK) constellation, with X-band SAR. We emulate a generic hydrologic-hydrodynamic modelling cascade by imposing a bias and spatiotemporal correlations to the inflow error ensemble into the hydrodynamic domain. First, in agreement with previous research, estimation and correction for this bias leads to a clear improvement in keeping the forecast on track. Second, imagery obtained early in the flood is shown to have a large influence on forecast statistics. Revisit interval is most influential for early observations. The results are promising for the future of remote sensing-based water level observations for real-time flood forecasting in complex scenarios.

García-Pintado, Javier; Neal, Jeff C.; Mason, David C.; Dance, Sarah L.; Bates, Paul D.

2013-04-01

109

To cite this version: Alazard, Daniel Control design and gain-scheduling using observer-based structures. (2012) In: Advances in  

E-print Network

To cite this version: Alazard, Daniel Control design and gain- scheduling using observer and gain-scheduling using observer-based structures Daniel Alazard SUPAERO 10, av. Edouard Belin, 31055, only two static gains (the state-feedback gain and the state estimator gain) define the entire

Mailhes, Corinne

110

CHIRON TOOLS: Integrated Target Submission, Scheduling and Observing Systems for a High-Resolution Fiber-Fed Spectrograph  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CHIRON spectrometer is a new high-resolution, fiber-fed instrument on the 1.5 m telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-America Observatory (CTIO). To optimize use of the instrument and limited human resources, we have designed an integrated set of Web applications allowing target submission, observing script planning, nightly script execution and logging, and access to reduced data by multiple users. The unified and easy-to-use interface has dramatically reduced the time needed to submit and schedule observations and improved the efficiency and accuracy of nightly operations. We present our experience to help astronomers and project managers who need to plan for the scope of effort required to commission a queue-scheduled facility instrument.

Brewer, John M.; Giguere, Matthew; Fischer, Debra A.

2014-01-01

111

Predictive validity of the classroom strategies scale-observer form on statewide testing scores: an initial investigation.  

PubMed

The present study examined the validity of a teacher observation measure, the Classroom Strategies Scale--Observer Form (CSS), as a predictor of student performance on statewide tests of mathematics and English language arts. The CSS is a teacher practice observational measure that assesses evidence-based instructional and behavioral management practices in elementary school. A series of two-level hierarchical generalized linear models were fitted to data of a sample of 662 third- through fifth-grade students to assess whether CSS Part 2 Instructional Strategy and Behavioral Management Strategy scale discrepancy scores (i.e., ? |recommended frequency--frequency ratings|) predicted statewide mathematics and English language arts proficiency scores when percentage of minority students in schools was controlled. Results indicated that the Instructional Strategy scale discrepancy scores significantly predicted mathematics and English language arts proficiency scores: Relatively larger discrepancies on observer ratings of what teachers did versus what should have been done were associated with lower proficiency scores. Results offer initial evidence of the predictive validity of the CSS Part 2 Instructional Strategy discrepancy scores on student academic outcomes. PMID:24341925

Reddy, Linda A; Fabiano, Gregory A; Dudek, Christopher M; Hsu, Louis

2013-12-01

112

Testing gridded NWS 1-Day observed precipitation analysis in a daily irrigation scheduler  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

One of the inputs required by daily irrigation schedulers is the amount of water supplied by rainfall. In-field measurements of daily precipitation are expensive or laborious, while measurements from gauges within a few kilometers are frequently not representative due to the high spatiotemporal vari...

113

Sherlock Holmes in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a three-day classroom activity combining criminal investigations and scientific skills, especially observation skills. Provides detailed classroom procedures with an illustration of eight basic fingerprint patterns and a classification chart. (YP)

Faia, Jean E.

1988-01-01

114

The Effect upon the Behavior and Attitudes of Student Teachers of Training Cooperating Teachers and Student Teachers in the Use of Interaction Analysis as a Classroom Observational Technique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 2 1/2-year study of the application of interaction analysis (a method of classroom observation) to preservice teacher education, approximately 40 secondary student teachers were involved in an experiment during each of 3 semesters. A 2 by 2 factorial design made it possible to test the influence of 2 independent variables (student teacher…

Amidon, Edmund

115

Swedish Religious Education at the End of the 1960s: Classroom Observations, Early Video Ethnography and the National Curriculum of 1962  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to present a unique corpus of film-recorded classroom observations of sixth-grade classes (age 12-13) in the Swedish cities of Gothenburg, Partille and Trollhättan in the late 1960s. The material documents how RE could be taught in Swedish schools in line with the curriculum of Lgr 62 which internationally was an early…

Flensner, K. Kittelmann; Larsson, G.

2014-01-01

116

A Descriptive Assessment of Instruction-Based Interactions in the Preschool Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study describes preschool teacher-child interactions during several commonly scheduled classroom activities in which teachers deliver instructions. An observation system was developed that incorporated measurement of evidence-based compliance strategies and included the types of instructions delivered (e.g., integral or deficient…

Ndoro, Virginia W.; Hanley, Gregory P.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Heal, Nicole A.

2006-01-01

117

Fuzzy gain scheduling: controller and observer design based on Lyapunov method and convex optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addresses model-based fuzzy control. A constructive and automated method for the design of a gain-scheduling controller is presented. Based on a given Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model of the plant, the controller is designed such that stability and prescribed performance of the closed loop are guaranteed. These properties are valid in a wide working range around an equilibrium without restrictions to slowly

Petr Korba; Robert Babuska; Henk B. Verbruggen; Paul M. Frank

2003-01-01

118

A Design of Gain-scheduled Congestion Controllers using State Predictive Observers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a design problem of congestion controllers is discussed for TCP\\/AQM(Transmission Control Protocol\\/Active Queue Management) networks. The proposed method consists of two control techniques. First one is based on a gain-scheduling technique considering nonlinearities of TCP\\/AQM networks. But the designed congestion controller is a state feedback controller and it is impossible to embed the congestion controller in real

Takehito Azuma; Masashi Uchida

2008-01-01

119

Observing free play in classrooms with an instrument based on video analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the play behaviour of 877 children aged four to six in 47 classes of different sizes in the Netherlands. Video recordings were captured during choice (free play) time once in each class. The video recordings were analysed by trained bachelor students in education with the help of an observation instrument. In child-initiated

Louise Berkhout; Hadewych Bakkers; Joop Hoekman; Sieneke M. Goorhuis-Brouwer

2012-01-01

120

Conceptualization, Measurement, and Improvement of Classroom Processes: Standardized Observation Can Leverage Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors advance an argument that placing observation of actual teaching as a central feature of accountability frameworks, teacher preparation, and basic science could result in substantial improvements in instruction and related social processes and a science of the production of teaching and teachers. Teachers' behavioral interactions with…

Pianta, Robert C.; Hamre, Bridget K.

2009-01-01

121

Evaluating Psychosocial Classroom Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rating scale was designed to measure college classroom climate in Primary Teacher Training Colleges in Spain, as well as to describe and compare college classroom environments. Data were gathered from 33 classes of students training to be public or private primary school teachers at colleges in Sevilla and Huelva. Participant observation and…

Villar Angulo, Luis Miguel

122

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A Standard Measure of Social and Communication Deficits Associated with the Spectrum of Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic (ADOS-G) is a semistructured, standardized assessment of social interaction, communication, play, and imaginative use of materials for individuals suspected of having autism spectrum disorders. The observational schedule consists of four 30-minute modules, each designed to be administered to different individuals according to their level of expressive language. Psychometric data are presented for 223 children and

Catherine Lord; Susan Risi; Linda Lambrecht; Edwin H. Cook; Bennett L. Leventhal; Pamela C. DiLavore; Andrew Pickles; Michael Rutter

2000-01-01

123

Managing Inquiry-Based Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Though it may seem that classroom management comes naturally to some teachers, upon closer examination youâll probably discover that preparation and adaptation are more important than any innate ability when it comes to successful classroom management. Any experienced middle school science teacher can tell you that successful classroom management is an ongoing, evolving processâteachers need to modify their daily practices based on the observed behaviors and feedback of their students. This article describes some strategies to manage inquiry-based science classrooms effectively.

Wolfgang, Christie N.

2009-07-01

124

The Classroom Animal: Mealworms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes appearance, longevity, and changes in each step of the mealworm life cycle. Guidelines for starting a classroom colony are given with housing and care instructions. Suggested observations, activities, and questions for students are included. (DH)

Kramer, David C., Ed.

1985-01-01

125

Craters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details an activity in which students create and study miniature impact craters in the classroom. Engages students in making detailed, meaningful observations, drawing inferences, reaching conclusions based on scientific evidence, and designing experiments to test selected variables. (DDR)

McArdle, Heather K.

1997-01-01

126

Different Regions, Diverse Classrooms? a Study of Primary Classrooms in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom experience is shaped by a number of factors. In this paper, we report a classroom observation study in China, illustrating regional variation in students' classroom learning experiences. Through comparing and contrasting observed classroom practices in three different regions in China (Chongqing, Hong Kong and Shanghai), the paper…

McNaught, Carmel; Lok, Beatrice; Yin, Hongbiao; Lee, John Chi-Kin; Song, Huan

2014-01-01

127

Classroom Utilization. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of an index to match classes and classroom space was assessed. The index initiates the use of several variables controlling utilization: number of hours that rooms are scheduled per week, average percentage of occupancy per room, and amount of area per station per room. Interviews with deans covered current classroom assignment…

Gracie, Larry W.

128

Classroom Acoustics  

MedlinePLUS

... desks or chairs. When sound lingers in a room there is more interference with speech. In a classroom it is important to have a short reverberation time. Who is affected by poor classroom acoustics? All children are affected by poor classroom acoustics, ...

129

Design of Gain-scheduled Disturbance Observer Application to Vertical-Type One-Link Arm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, the actual responses of control systems do not coincide with their nominal ones corresponding to their simulation results due to modeling errors and\\/or disturbances. For LTI (linear time invariant) systems, a disturbance observer has been proposed to overcome modeling errors and\\/or disturbances. A disturbance observer estimates disturbances and the effect of modeling error from available signals such as

Koutaro Ikeda; Kazuhiro Yubai; J. Hirai

2007-01-01

130

LMI-based Gain Scheduled Robust Flux Observer for Induction Motors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a robust flux observer for an induction motor is developed through an LMI approach. The observer is robust to changes in rotational speed and in rotor and stator resis- tances. The problem is formulated as complex-valued rank constrained LMIs and solved through alternating projections. The method achieves good performance with very little tun- ing needed.

Klaus Trangbæk

131

Execution of queue-scheduled observations with the Gemini 8m telescopes  

E-print Network

will define the minimum requested site conditions (e.g. image quality, IR background, cloud cover, sky and will be used to populate the observing database5 . In Phase II, successful applicants interact directly with the observing database via a graphica

132

A Case Based Analysis Preparation Strategy for Use in a Classroom Management for Inclusive Settings Course: Preliminary Observations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case based instruction (CBI) is a pedagogical option in teacher preparation growing in application but short on practical means to implement the method. This paper presents an analysis strategy and questions developed to help teacher trainees focus on classroom management issues embedded in a set of "real" cases. An analysis of teacher candidate…

Niles, William J.; Cohen, Alan

2012-01-01

133

Classroom Utilization Review. Research Monograph III [and] Classroom Utilization Comparing Spring 1984 to Spring 1985. Research Monograph VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies were conducted to analyze classroom utilization at Oklahoma City Community College for spring and fall, 1984, and spring, 1985. During all three semesters, there were 68 general purpose classroom areas, although some of the lab areas had classes scheduled in them. Study findings revealed: (1) heaviest classroom usage was between 5:30 p.m.…

Shirazi, Annmarie

134

Classroom Management in Diverse Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management continues to be a serious concern for teachers and especially in urban and diverse learning environments. The authors present the culturally responsive classroom management practices of two teachers from an urban and diverse middle school to extend the construct, culturally responsive classroom management. The principles that…

Milner, H. Richard, IV; Tenore, F. Blake

2010-01-01

135

Selecting, Scheduling and Carrying Out Observing Programmes at the Large Binocular Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diverse LBT partnership allocates time through various partner-based mechanisms. Each of the four major partner groups receives blocks of observing time, with the fraction of the total proportional to its share of investment in the Observatory. The allocation is currently about one week per lunation per partner, but the week centered on full moon is for technical time devoted to commissioning of telescope and new instrumentation. The partners typically observe their own programs in queue fashion, with strong support from LBTO astronomers.

Green, Richard F.

2013-01-01

136

Data for the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Data for the Classroom collection gathers datasets that have accompanying instructional materials or other pertinent information for using the dataset in a classroom setting for grades K-16. The data may be numerical, visual, maps, charts, tables or images. The data may be observational, remotely sensed or model data. The primary component is that there are materials supporting the use and understanding of the data either by educators or directly by students. Additionally, the dataset itself is desribed.

137

Years 2013 and 2014 www.hawaii.gov/hrd Holidays to be Observed by the Website where State Holiday Schedule posted  

E-print Network

Years 2013 and 2014 www.hawaii.gov/hrd Holidays to be Observed by the Website where State Holiday Schedule posted HAWAII STATE GOVERNMENT Compiled by the State Department of Human Resources Development for more information. Sources: Hawaii Revised Statutes as amended; State Constitution as amended

Olsen, Stephen L.

138

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic: A Standard Measure of Social and Communication Deficits Associated with the Spectrum of Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychometric data are presented for 223 children and adults with autism, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS), or nonspectrum diagnoses who took the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic. Within each module, diagnostic groups were equivalent on expressive language levels. Results indicate substantial…

Lord, Catherine; Risi, Susan; Lambrecht, Linda; Cook, Edwin H., Jr.; Leventhal, Bennett L.; DiLavore, Pamela C.; Pickles, Andrew; Rutter, Michael

2000-01-01

139

Classroom Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good organization skills are key to running an efficient classroom, and having the right tools makes it easier to manage all of the tasks, save time, and be more productive. Having the power of information when and where anyone need it makes a difference in how well any teacher runs the classroom and knows his or her students. A Palm handheld…

Technology & Learning, 2005

2005-01-01

140

Classroom Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 5-minute video a mathematics teacher demonstrates how she incorporates accessibility strategies into her physical classroom environment. Several details are shown about the organization and management of a math classroom with a view toward accessibility, expectations, kinesthetic involvement, and a positive environment.

TeacherLine

2012-01-01

141

Responsive Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Responsive Classroom addresses some of the challenges present in any elementary classroom, be it first-grade mathematics or third-grade science, by offering "an approach to teaching and learning that fosters safe, challenging, and joyful classrooms and schools, kindergarten through eighth grade." Through this website, classroom teachers share "practical strategies for bringing together social and academic learning throughout the school day." They report that teachers in urban, rural, and suburban settings nationwide find that these strategies have increased student investment, responsibility, and learning, and decreased problem behaviors. Studies detailing the effectiveness of the program are posted on this website. The basic principles of the program are also described, but the books detailing their approach must be purchased. The newsletter, however, is available free of charge and the archive includes previously published articles, which can be searched by topic, such as technology in the classroom and family involvement.

142

Modular Scheduling and Modern Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the modular scheduling practices in the foreign language programs of the White Bear Lake, Minnesota secondary schools includes information on its general design, advantages, and problems. Following discussions of arrangements for scheduling, student-teacher contact time, classroom activities, more individualized instruction,…

Hibbard, Allen

1969-01-01

143

The Technology-Rich Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observes the use of educational technology in four middle-school classes at the Ameritech Electronic University School Classroom located on the campus of Kent State University. Draws implications for the effective use of educational technology (both hardware and software) in the classroom. (PKP)

Tiene, Drew; Luft, Pamela

2002-01-01

144

Classroom Catapults  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Wow, our plastic load flew 540 centimeters! This is so cool!" An interdisciplinary unit on catapults was responsible for the excitement and enthusiasm generated in the author's classroom. In their social studies class, students learned about the Middle A

Villano, Diane D.

2001-02-01

145

Inclusive Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five Standards-based strategies for successful inclusion of special-needs students in the secondary science classroom are described in this article. Use a multisensory approach; encourage collaboration among students; provide specific expectations and ass

Konstantinos Alexakos

2001-03-01

146

SYNTHESIS OF RESEARCH ON CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ffective classroom management consists of teacher behaviors that produce high levels of stu dent involvement in classroom activi ties, minimal amounts of student behaviors that interfere with the teacher's or other students' work, and efficient use of instructional time. These criteria have the advantage of being directly observable. Classroom management should be viewed as one major dimension of effective teaching,

EDMUND T. EMMER; CAROLYN M. EVERTSON

147

The Structured Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to highlight the organisation of the remedial classroom. The data were collected from observations and semi-structured interviews with 10 teachers in remedial classes for children seen and treated as having concentration deficits. The teachers use primarily compensatory language that places the deficits in the pupils.…

Ljusberg, Anna-Lena

2011-01-01

148

Incremental Validity of Test Session and Classroom Observations in a Multimethod Assessment of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the incremental validity of behavioral observations, over and above parent and teacher reports, for assessing symptoms of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children ages 6 to 12, using the Test Observation Form (TOF) and Direct Observation Form (DOF) from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment. The TOF Attention Problems and DOF Intrusive scales contributed significant unique

Stephanie H. McConaughy; Valerie S. Harder; Kevin M. Antshel; Michael Gordon; Ricardo Eiraldi; Levent Dumenci

2010-01-01

149

Incremental Validity of Test Session and Classroom Observations in a Multimethod Assessment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the incremental validity of behavioral observations, over and above parent and teacher reports, for assessing symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children ages 6 to 12, using the Test Observation Form (TOF) and Direct Observation Form (DOF) from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment. The…

McConaughy, Stephanie H.; Harder, Valerie S.; Antshel, Kevin M.; Gordon, Michael; Eiraldi, Ricardo; Dumenci, Levent

2010-01-01

150

A Zebra in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the care and breeding of zebra fish, suggests various experiments and observations easily performed in a classroom setting, and provides some ideas to further student interest and exploration of these organisms. (DDR)

Leake, Devin; Morvillo, Nancy

1998-01-01

151

Religion in the Elementary Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the teaching of religion in the elementary classroom. Suggests activities and discusses cautions and concerns, dealing with absolutism, using religious literature, and parental rights. Compares teaching about religion with teaching for religious observance. (CMK)

Kirman, Joseph M.

2001-01-01

152

The Effects of Classroom Management on the Behaviors of Students with Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the behaviors of the students with disabilities placed in general education classrooms differed according to the classroom management level of the teachers. The classroom management strategies of the 44 teachers were assessed by using The Proactive Classroom Management Observation Form. The…

Sucuoglu, Bulbin; Akalin, Selma; Sazak-Pinar, Elif

2010-01-01

153

Beyond Classroom Walls: Developing Innovative Work Roles for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching profession has long been structured around full-time classroom responsibilities that are defined by the location, timing, and schedule of the school day and a ubiquitous one-teacher-per-classroom model. In most districts, the only option for highly successful teachers to advance in the profession or serve more students is to leave the…

Kowal, Julie; Brinson, Dana

2011-01-01

154

Test Review: Lord, C., Luyster, R. J., Gotham, K., & Guthrie, W. (2012). "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2) Manual (Part II): Toddler Module." Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services, 2012. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition." Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition" (ADOS-2; Lord, Luyster, Gotham, & Guthrie, 2012; Lord, Rutter et al., 2012), a newly updated, semistructured, standardized measure of communication, social interaction, play/imagination, and restricted and/or repetitive behaviors published by Western…

McCrimmon, Adam; Rostad, Kristin

2014-01-01

155

The Test Matters: The Relationship between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. Using data from the Measures of Effective Teaching Project, we found that PLATO was more strongly related to the…

Grossman, Pam; Cohen, Julie; Ronfeldt, Matthew; Brown, Lindsay

2014-01-01

156

Measuring Quality in Kindergarten Classrooms: Structural Analysis of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS K-3)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the structural validity of scores on a measure of global classroom quality, the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS K-3; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008). Using observational data from a sample of 417 kindergarten classrooms from the southern and mid-Atlantic regions of…

Sandilos, Lia E.; DiPerna, James C.

2014-01-01

157

Smart Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What makes a classroom "smart"? Presentation technologies such as projectors, document cameras, and LCD panels clearly fit the bill, but when considering other technologies for teaching, learning, and developing content, the possibilities become limited only by the boundaries of an institution's innovation. This article presents 32 best practices…

Kelly, Rhea, Ed.

2006-01-01

158

Classroom Antarctica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the Australian Antarctic Division, Classroom Antarctica gives dozens of downloadable Adobe Acrobat files that allow students to discover this unique continent. Subjects include the history of the scientific research undertaken on Antarctica, surviving its climate, its biological ecosystem, the land's physical characteristics and affects on climate, and much more.

1969-12-31

159

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are discussed: (1) "Constructing a line segment whose length is equal to the measure of a given angle" (W. Jacob and T. J. Osler); (2) "Generating functions for the powers of Fibonacci sequences" (D. Terrana and H. Chen); (3) "Evaluation of mean and variance integrals without…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

160

Jigsaw Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Jigsaw Classroom is a website for the jigsaw cooperative learning technique that strives to reduce racial conflict, promote better learning, improve motivation, and increase the enjoyment of the learning experience among school children. The website includes an overview of jigsaw techniques, jigsaw history, implementing tips, related books and articles, and links on cooperative learning, school violence, and jigsaw developer Elliot Aronson.

Aronson, Elliot; Network, Social P.

161

The system for observing fitness instruction time (SOFIT) as a measure of energy expenditure during classroom based physical activity  

E-print Network

The aim of this investigation was to develop an equation to estimate physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) during a 10-min physically active academic lesson using The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time ...

Honas, Jeffery J.; Washburn, Richard A.; Smith, Bryan K.; Greene, Leon; Cook-Wiens, Galen; Donnelly, Joseph E.

2008-01-01

162

Incremental Validity of Test Session and Classroom Observations in a Multimethod Assessment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

PubMed Central

This study tested the incremental validity of behavioral observations, over and above parent and teacher reports, for assessing symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children ages 6 to 12, using the Test Observation Form (TOF) and Direct Observation Form (DOF) from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA). The TOF Attention Problems and DOF Intrusive scales contributed significant unique variance, over and above parent and teacher ratings, to predicting parent and teacher ratings of hyperactivity and impulsivity and predicting categorical diagnoses of ADHD-Combined type versus Non-ADHD and ADHD-Combined type versus ADHD-Predominantly Inattentive type. The TOF Oppositional and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scales contributed unique variance to predicting parent ratings of hyperactivity and impulsivity and the DOF Oppositional and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems scales contributed unique variance to predicting teacher ratings of hyperactivity and impulsivity. PMID:20706918

McConaughy, Stephanie H.; Harder, Valerie S.; Antshel, Kevin M.; Gordon, Michael; Eiraldi, Ricardo; Dumenci, Levent

2010-01-01

163

CNN Newsroom Classroom Guides. February 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These classroom guides, designed to accompany the daily CNN (Cable News Network) Newsroom broadcasts for the month of February, provide program rundowns, suggestions for class activities and discussion, links to related World Wide Web sites, and lists of related news terms. Topics include: Monica Lewinsky scheduled to be deposed for the Senate,…

Turner Educational Services, Inc., Newtown, PA.

164

Scanning to the Beep: A Teacher-Tested Computer-Based Observational Assessment Tool for the Distance Education Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results of a study that examined preservice and inservice teachers' use of hand-held Computer-Based Observational Assessment Tools (CBOATs) in a distance education environment using the Iowa Communications Network. The CBOAT studied was Learner Profile, which included a small bar-code reader and data management software. (LRW)

Hausafus, Cheryl O.; Torrie, Margaret

1995-01-01

165

Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits and advantages of classroom practices incorporating unity-in-diversity and diversity-in-unity are what "Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms" is all about. Multilevel classrooms--also known as mixed-ability or heterogeneous classrooms--are a fact of life in ESOL programs around the world. These classrooms are often not only multilevel…

Baurain, Bradley, Ed.; Ha, Phan Le, Ed.

2010-01-01

166

Spike: AI scheduling for NASA's Hubble Space Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spike scheduling system, developed for scheduling astronomical observations for NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST), is described. Spike is an activity-based AI scheduler which incorporates innovative approaches to constraint representation and reasoning and scheduling search. Although developed for space telescope scheduling, the Spike system was designed around a general scheduling-constraint framework that can be applied to other domains. Techniques for

Mark D. Johnston

1990-01-01

167

Using ocean observing systems data in K-12 classrooms: proceedings from a workshop exploring the merit and feasibility of developing a National Ocean Observing Systems (NOOS) education product  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ocean engineers and scientists are transforming the way we experience and understand the ocean through the Integrated Ocean Observing Systems (IOOS). For the first time, there will be continuous, sustained, near-real time, multidimensional data available from the oceans, collected both from within the oceans using sensors systems and above using remote sensing methodologies. These data make possible inquiry-driven questions concerning

J. McDonnell; L. Hotaling; G. I. Matsumoto; C. Parsons; B. Meeson; R. Bell

2005-01-01

168

The Classroom Animal: Crickets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests using crickets for classroom activities, providing background information on their anatomy and reproduction and tips on keeping individual organisms or a breeding colony in the classroom. (JN)

Kramer, David C.

1985-01-01

169

Classroom Antarctica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is a collection of units designed to teach students about the global importance of Antarctica. Topics covered in these units includes ice, the ocean, geology, weather, topography, auroras, the history of Antarctic exploration, living in Antarctica, animals, plants, the Antarctic Treaty, and the environment. Each unit has a selection of activities that are adaptable to the range of abilities in a class and the particular interests of the students. There are hundreds of useful web links throughout and a wealth of support material listed under Classroom Resources.

Haywood, Elizabeth

170

The added value of the combined use of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: Diagnostic validity in a clinical Swedish sample of toddlers and young preschoolers.  

PubMed

The diagnostic validity of the new research algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the revised algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule was examined in a clinical sample of children aged 18-47 months. Validity was determined for each instrument separately and their combination against a clinical consensus diagnosis. A total of N = 268 children (n = 171 with autism spectrum disorder) were assessed. The new Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised algorithms (research cutoff) gave excellent specificities (91%-96%) but low sensitivities (44%-52%). Applying adjusted cutoffs (lower than recommended based on receiver operating characteristics) yielded a better balance between sensitivity (77%-82%) and specificity (60%-62%). Findings for the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule were consistent with previous studies showing high sensitivity (94%-100%) and alongside lower specificity (52%-76%) when using the autism spectrum cutoff, but better balanced sensitivity (81%-94%) and specificity (81%-83%) when using the autism cutoff. A combination of both the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (with adjusted cutoff) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (autism spectrum cutoff) yielded balanced sensitivity (77%-80%) and specificity (87%-90%). Results favor a combined usage of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule in young children with unclear developmental problems, including suspicion of autism spectrum disorder. Evaluated separately, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (cutoff for autism) provides a better diagnostic accuracy than the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. PMID:24413849

Zander, Eric; Sturm, Harald; Bölte, Sven

2015-02-01

171

Classroom Management. Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In learning-centered classrooms, the emphasis of classroom management shifts from maintaining behavioral control to fostering student engagement and self-regulation as well as community responsibility. This brief describes classroom management in "learning centered" classrooms, where practices are consistent with recent research knowledge about…

National Education Association Research Department, 2006

2006-01-01

172

IRRIGATION SCHEDULING  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Irrigation scheduling is critical to the proper management and operation of microirrigation systems since they are typically designed to apply small irrigation volumes frequently. Irrigation scheduling can be based on a soil water balance or by direct measurement of soil or plant water status. The...

173

Scheduling game  

SciTech Connect

Structuring a schedule - whether by Critical Path Method (CPM) or Precedence Charting System (PCS) - involves estimating the duration of one or more activities and arranging them in the most logical sequence. Given the start date, the completion date is relatively simple to determine. What is then so complicated about the process. It is complicated by the people involved - the people who make the schedules and the people who attempt to follow them. Schedules are an essential part of project management and construction contract administration. Much of the material available pertains to the mechanics of schedules, the types of logic networks, the ways that data can be generated and presented. This paper sheds light on other facets of the subject - the statistical and philosophical fundamentals involved in scheduling.

Kleck, W

1982-04-01

174

Explicit Reading Comprehension Instruction in Elementary Classrooms: Teacher Use of Reading Comprehension Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this observational study was to identify the frequency of reading comprehension instruction in elementary classrooms. Additional objectives were to determine which reading comprehension instructional strategies were most employed by teachers in elementary classrooms. In 3,000 minutes of direct classroom observation in 20 first- through fifth-grade classrooms, a total of 751 minutes (or 25% of instructional time) was

Molly Ness

2011-01-01

175

Promoting Excellence: Some Classroom Evaluation Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a brief overview of literature on excellence in the classroom, the shortcomings of objective tests as means for evaluating classroom excellence are discussed as well as the need for evaluation alternatives. Descriptions are given of evaluation alternatives, some of which focus upon reading and writing achievement: (1) observation of…

Sia, Archibald P.; Sydnor, Darlean

176

A Multi-Instrument Examination of Preschool Classroom Quality and the Relationship between Program, Classroom, and Teacher Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: A statewide study of preschool classroom quality was conducted using 3 distinct classroom observation measures in order to inform a statewide quality rating system. Findings suggested that Tennessee preschool classrooms were approaching "good" quality on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) and provided…

Denny, Joanna Hope; Hallam, Rena; Homer, Karen

2012-01-01

177

The Classroom Behavior of Students During Compensatory Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the classroom observations of students during compensatory reading instruction are described. Sixty-three second-, fourth-, and sixth-grade classrooms across the country were observed using the Student Observation Scale. The scale is two-dimensional enabling an observer to code simultaneously two different aspects of an observed

Weinberg, Susan F.; And Others

178

Scheduling algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses automated scheduling as it applies to complex domains such as factories, transportation, and communications systems. The window-constrained-packing problem is introduced as an ideal model of the scheduling trade offs. Specific algorithms are compared in terms of simplicity, speed, and accuracy. In particular, dispatch, look-ahead, and genetic algorithms are statistically compared on randomly generated job sets. The conclusion

William J. Wolfe; David Wood; Steve Sorensen

1996-01-01

179

Raising Beetles in a Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to provide elementary school teachers with a harmless, inexpensive, clean, odorless, and easy-to-care-for insect-rearing project for the classroom. The following topics are included: (1) instructions for the care and feeding of the beetle larvae; (2) student activities for observing larval characteristics and behavior…

Hackett, Erla

180

Classroom Behavior of Participants with ADHD Compared with Peers: Influence of Teaching Format and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies examine the classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with classroom peers and which teaching formats best support classroom engagement. Observations (N = 312) of second- and fourth-grade students with ADHD and their randomly selected classroom peers were conducted using a…

Steiner, Naomi J.; Sheldrick, R. Chris; Frenette, Elizabeth C.; Rene, Kirsten M.; Perrin, Ellen C.

2014-01-01

181

Classroom Solar Calendar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students engage in an ongoing investigation to find patterns of sunlight and shadow in a classroom (or any room that gets sunlight) at different times of the day and different times of the year. Students look for repeating patterns, keep a log to describe and sketch observations of when and where certain easily recognized patters appear and turn the room into a solar calendar that may survive into the future for other classes to use. Part 1 of this activity requires occasional note-taking and casual observation over the course of a day. Part 2 requires 30-60 minutes to create the calendar record, then casual observation and note-taking throughout the school year. The lesson plan includes a math extension activity and background information about the Sun Dagger at Chaco Canyon. This activity is the third lesson in the Ancient Eyes Look to the Skies curriculum guide.

182

The Added Value of the Combined Use of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: Diagnostic Validity in a Clinical Swedish Sample of Toddlers and Young Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diagnostic validity of the new research algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the revised algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule was examined in a clinical sample of children aged 18-47 months. Validity was determined for each instrument separately and their combination against a clinical consensus…

Zander, Eric; Sturm, Harald; Bölte, Sven

2015-01-01

183

An Astronomical Observatory in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a project developed at the University of Granada in collaboration with the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía aimed at using a remote telescope for live astronomical observations from the classroom. Available instrumentation, software and activities are presented.

Lara, L.; Gallego, T.; de La Torre, A.

184

Back to Basics: Working with Young Children with Autism in Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children with autism benefit from various adaptations made to an early childhood classroom. This article includes modifications for both teacher-directed and child-initiated activities. Adaptations are given for the classroom environment, daily schedule, sensory needs, transitions and general teaching strategies. The techniques described are…

Deris, Aaron R.; Di Carlo, Cynthia F.

2013-01-01

185

Six Head Start Classrooms Begin To Explore the Reggio Emilia Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents the process of exploring the Reggio Emilia approach in Head Start classrooms in Iowa. Describes areas of exploration, including revising the classroom environments and daily schedules, using more documentation, instituting child-initiated projects, and collaborating on a deeper level with colleagues. Includes excerpts from children's…

Gillespie, Catherine Wilson

2000-01-01

186

Classroom Management. TESOL Classroom Practice Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series captures the dynamics of the contemporary ESOL classroom. It showcases state-of-the-art curricula, materials, tasks, and activities reflecting emerging trends in language education and seeks to build localized language teaching and learning theories based on teachers' and students' unique experiences in and beyond the classroom. Each…

Farrell, Thomas S. C., Ed.

2008-01-01

187

Cockroaches in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome the Madagascar hissing cockroach into your classroom--they are not your average pest! This article describes the basic biology of this relatively tame creature, and how to set up and care for a classroom colony. It includes a list of suggested inquiry-centered classroom activities that you and your students will find both educational and fun!

Moseley, Christine; Wagler, Ron

2005-03-01

188

Collaborative Classroom Management in a Co-Taught Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how teachers manage their classroom in co-taught lessons. The data were collected by observing and interviewing a pair of primary school teachers. The most important influence of collaboration on classroom management seemed to be the emotional support of another adult, and the opportunity to use different…

Rytivaara, Anna

2012-01-01

189

Teaching Writing in Canadian Middle Grades Classrooms: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of interview research examining writing instruction and assessment practices in 216 Grades 4-8 classrooms across the 10 Canadian provinces and 2 (of 3) territories. Researchers found that participating teachers scheduled daily time for writing, either in language arts classes or through integrating writing…

Peterson, Shelly Stagg; McClay, Jill Kedersha; Main, Kristin

2010-01-01

190

Best Classroom Practices. What Award-Winning Elementary Teachers Do.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a hands-on resource that offers ideas, projects, and tips for elementary educators, including lesson plans, calendars and schedules, classroom discussion ideas, uses for new technology, and strategies for working parents. Each of the book's 12 chapters begins with a chapter overview, then offers a collection of articles by teachers…

Stone, Randi

191

Observing Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This self-contained module on materials and their composition includes a range of fun activities that students can perform in the classroom and at home with family members. They impart important concepts such as observation, identification, measurement, and differentiation.

Science, Houghton M.

192

Classroom Creature Culture: Algae to Anoles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Living organisms are important classroom resources and require appropriate, responsible care. This anthology of articles from NSTA's award-winning journal Science and Children provides the basics about collecting, investigating, and caring for plants and animals in classroom settings. From daddy longlegs to box turtles, from duckweed to butterflies, emphasis is placed on responsible observation, respect for living beings, and the individual needs of nature's many creatures. Also makes an excellent complement to ecological studies.

1994-01-01

193

Mapping the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners discover the importance of maps and scale as they work together to create a map of the classroom. The printable four-page PDF handout includes: a series of inquiry-based questions to get learners thinking about what they already know about maps and their classroom; and a worksheet with step-by-step directions for creating a scale and determining the size and relative location of objects in the classroom.

History, American M.

2001-01-01

194

Mapping the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Biodiversity Counts activity, students learn the importance of maps and scale as they work together to create a map of the classroom. The printable four-page PDF handout includes a series of inquiry-based questions to get students thinking about what they already know about maps and their classroom and a worksheet with step-by-step directions for creating a scale and determining the size and relative location of objects in the classroom.

195

Considering the Chalkless Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares some personal reflections on several years of integrating educational technology into mathematics courses while retaining the direct interaction strengths of the traditional classroom.

Ellis-Monaghan, Joanna A.

2010-01-01

196

The Classroom Animal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information on the earthworm. Reviews basic anatomical, behavioral, and reproductive facts. Offers suggestions for procuring, maintaining, and breeding colonies for classroom use. (ML)

Science and Children, 1986

1986-01-01

197

Using Games in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author of this one-page article describes the pedagogical benefits of using math games in the classroom. She analyzes the game context in terms of the kinds of learning that takes place, the behaviors that students exhibit, and the social-emotional experience of students. She concludes by recommending strategies for effective introduction and management of games. [While the author's observations were in the context of geometry games, they generalize to most topics.

Hatch, Gillian

2005-09-01

198

Interrelationship Between Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G), Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) Classification in Children and Adolescents with Mental Retardation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interrelationship between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G) and clinical classification was studied in 184 children and adolescents with Mental Retardation (MR). The agreement between the ADI-R and ADOS-G was fair, with a substantial difference between younger and older children (5–8 vs. 8+ years). Compared with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR (DSM-IV-TR)

Annelies de Bildt; Sjoerd Sytema; Cees Ketelaars; Dirk Kraijer; Erik Mulder; Fred Volkmar; Ruud Minderaa

2004-01-01

199

Malaysian Primary Teachers' Classroom Practice of Teaching and Learning Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study discusses the findings from a research that was conducted involving fourteen teachers in a primary school. In the study, the teachers' classroom practices of teaching and learning science were observed and analysed. The data gathering procedures included 23 classroom observations and analysed by means of qualitative data…

Yunus, Hashimah Mohd.; Ismail, Zurida; Raper, George

2004-01-01

200

Explicit Reading Comprehension Instruction in Elementary Classrooms: Teacher Use of Reading Comprehension Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this observational study was to identify the frequency of reading comprehension instruction in elementary classrooms. Additional objectives were to determine which reading comprehension instructional strategies were most employed by teachers in elementary classrooms. In 3,000 minutes of direct classroom observation in 20 first-…

Ness, Molly

2011-01-01

201

Creativity in the Hong Kong Classroom: What Is the Contextual Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review is offered of Hong Kong's current education reform that sites a key role for "creativity." This key role leads us to ask "Creativity in the Hong Kong Classroom: what is the contextual practice?" To address this question 27 Primary classroom teachers across three subject areas were observed and rated using the Classroom Observation Form…

Forrester, Victor; Hui, Anna

2007-01-01

202

Ideas for the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares some of the activities for the classroom invented by Gill Hatch. One of those activities is the activity for older students, which is for the five-year-olds through to post-graduates. Card-sorting game, geometry games, algebra games, and loop games are also some of those activities for the classroom invented by…

Mathematics Teaching Incorporating Micromath, 2006

2006-01-01

203

Lawyer In The Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern drug education is marked by an increased use of the professional from the community as a guest speaker in the classroom. The use of some basic guidelines may assist the teacher in finding a "classroom lawyer," and in making his presentation more meaningful. (Author)

Ingram, Verner M., Jr.

1974-01-01

204

Creating the Multiage Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School restructuring movements have gained a great deal of national attention. This guidebook addresses the multi-age classroom movement, in which a mixed-age group of children stays with a given teacher for a number of years. The work provides a complete design for the mixed-age primary classroom, from philosophy and rationale to sample lesson…

Stone, Sandra J.

205

Understanding Classroom Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning in classrooms occurs through and is embedded in the interpersonal communication between teachers and students and among students. Classroom communication is negotiated by teachers and students as they act and react to each other through their verbal and nonverbal behavior. (CB)

Puro, Pamela; Bloome, David

1987-01-01

206

Frontloading Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe a systematic approach to planning for the first days of school that is appropriate for today's demanding high school science classrooms. These strategies apply to any science subject and benefit student teachers, new teachers, and those teachers wishing to improve their classroom management skills. (Contains 3…

Roscoe, Keith; Orr, Kim

2010-01-01

207

Epidemiology in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high school classroom exercise from the Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion gives an introduction to epidemiology. Visitors will find background materials (including an introduction to epidemiology and how to investigate and outbreak) and suggestions for classroom use.

208

Promoting Classroom Technology Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test two hypotheses: (1) that participation in a course providing theory and practice in the classroom use of technology promotes its use and results in gained competence in technology use; and (2) that functional relations exist among the availability of technology in the classroom, technology utilization, and…

Rosenfeld, Barbara; Martinez-Pons, Manuel

2005-01-01

209

Tips from the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This group of classroom tips discusses the benefits of peer coaching, peer group conversation about teachers' classroom experiences, using visual displays for collegial sharing, using cultural brokers in educational settings, and the role of picture books in developing literacy skills in diverse students with disabilities. (Author/CK)

Benedetti, Teresa; De Gaetano, Yvonne; Weinstein-McShane, Ruth; Paez, Doris; McCarty, Laurie; Ehlers-Zavala, Fabiola; Bakken, Jeffrey P.

1997-01-01

210

Culturally Responsive Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ethnic and cultural makeup of classrooms is changing rapidly, the percentage of school children of color is increasing, and the percentage of teachers of color is declining. This paper examines the challenge of preparing primarily white, middle-class teachers to create culturally responsive classrooms for all children. Teacher education…

Mosher, Darlean A.; Sia, Archibald P.

211

Evaluation in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six classroom research-based instructional projects funded under Chapter 2 are described, and their outcomes are summarized. The projects each used computer hardware and software in the classroom setting. The projects and their salient points include: (1) the Science Technology Project, in which 48 teachers and 2,847 students in 18 schools used…

Becnel, Shirley

212

Teachers’ practical knowledge about classroom management in multicultural classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating a positive working atmosphere in the classroom is the first concern of many student and beginning teachers in secondary education. Teaching in multicultural classrooms provides additional challenges for these teachers. This study identified shared practical knowledge about classroom management strategies of teachers who were successful in creating a positive working atmosphere in their multicultural classrooms. Twelve teachers were selected

Jan van Tartwijk; Perry den Brok; Ietje Veldman; Theo Wubbels

2009-01-01

213

Classroom Management and Students' Perceptions of Classroom Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of classroom management and the impact of classroom climate on student academic achievement has been independently documented by scholars. Less is currently know regarding the relationship linking classroom management and climate. Therefore, the purpose of this quasi experimental study was to explore the influence of classroom

Ratzburg, Susan A.

2010-01-01

214

Childhood Immunization Schedule  

MedlinePLUS

... The Basics Vaccines Home Immunization Schedules Instant Childhood Immunization Schedule Get Email Updates Get the best protection ... date. See Disclaimer for additional details. Based on Immunization Schedule for Children 0 through 6 Years of ...

215

Classroom Research by Classroom Teachers, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume celebrates teachers as life-long learners of the art of teaching, by presenting 21 action research studies designed and implemented by classroom teachers. A "How To Get Started" section outlines action research steps and offers worksheets. Descriptions of the research studies begin with ethnographic studies, which include "Adopt a…

Tanner, Michael, Ed.

1992-01-01

216

Do low attaining and younger students benefit most from small classes? Results from a systematic observation study of class size effects on pupil classroom engagement and teacher pupil interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now recognised by many that we need to know more about effects of class size on classroom interactions and pupil behaviour. This paper extends research in several ways: 1. it compares effects on two main types of behaviours - pupil classroom engagement and teacher to pupil interaction; 2. it examines if effects vary by pupil attainment level; 3.

Peter Blatchford; Paul Bassett; Penelope Brown

217

Iterative refinement scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a heuristics-based approach to deep space mission scheduling which is modeled on the approach used by expert human schedulers in producing schedules for planetary encounters. New chronological evaluation techniques are used to focus the search by using information gained during the scheduling process to locate, classify, and resolve regions of conflict. Our approach is based on the assumption that during the construction of a schedule there exist several disjunct temporal regions where the demand for one resource type or a single temporal constraint dominates (bottleneck regions). If the scheduler can identify these regions and classify them based on their dominant constraint, then the scheduler can select the scheduling heuristic.

Biefeld, Eric

1992-01-01

218

Dialogical Patterns of Interaction in Pre-School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study set out to identify and examine dialogic educational interactions in Finnish pre-school classrooms. Video recordings of five observed pre-school classrooms that had shown a high or moderate quality of instructional support in literacy, maths and science studies were transcribed for micro-scale qualitative content analysis. Three…

Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Siekkinen, Martti

2012-01-01

219

Identifying Effective Classroom Practices Using Student Achievement Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research continues to find large differences in student achievement gains across teachers' classrooms. The variability in teacher effectiveness raises the stakes on identifying effective teachers and teaching practices. This paper combines data from classroom observations of teaching practices and measures of teachers' ability to improve student…

Kane, Thomas J.; Taylor, Eric S.; Tyler, John H.; Wooten, Amy L.

2011-01-01

220

Say "YES" to Telephone Lines in the Classroom. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 1994, the Texas Center for Educational Technology (TCET) posted a survey on several educational listservs and conference groups on the Internet requesting comments, observations, and opinions from educators having experience with telephones in classrooms. Most of the respondents agreed on the need to equip K-12 classrooms with modern…

Lucas, Larry W.

221

StRoBe: A Classroom-on-Task Measure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers as well as others evaluating teachers or programs are often interested in the verbal and non-verbal behaviors related to the learning of students in classrooms. The Student Record of Behavior (StRoBe) is a classroom observation instrument designed to provide simple low inference information concerning student behaviors related to…

Marchant, Gregory J.

222

An analysis of the relationship of teachers' reported use of classroom management strategies on types of classroom interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of an investigation to determine teachers' reported use of classroom management strategies and their relationship to teacher and student interactions are presented. We interviewed 20 teachers to determine how they developed and used classroom management strategies, and then observed the interactions of these teachers with children with serious behavior disorders (SBD). Results identified two groups of teachers: one

Susan L. Jack; Richard E. Shores; R. Kenton Denny; Philip L. Gunter; Terry DeBriere; Paris DePaepe

1996-01-01

223

‘Medium of instruction’ vs. ‘medium of classroom interaction’: language choice in a French complementary school classroom in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to account for language choice and alternation phenomena we have observed in a French complementary school classroom in Scotland. In this classroom, talk can be conducted in French (the official medium of instruction), in English (the other language in contact) and in both French and English. A critical review of the literature has revealed

Florence Bonacina; Joseph Gafaranga

2011-01-01

224

Classroom Constitutional Conventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson provides a simulation in which upper elementary and middle school students establish classroom routines, participate in decision-making activities, improve their understanding of the Constitutional Convention, and differentiate among the three branches of government. (BSR)

Roach, Carol

1987-01-01

225

Stargazing in Your Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When taking students outside to see the stars is not an option, teachers can bring the stars inside the classroom. These instructions for building a portable planetarium also include suggestions for cross-cultural and social studies connections.

Rios, Jos�

2003-05-01

226

Toys in The Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of chemical concepts can be easily illustrated in a more friendly way to children by using toys as teaching tools in the classroom. Some of the examples illustrated are shrinking toys, drinking birds and hand boiler.

Sarquis, Jerry L.; Sarquis, Arlyne M.

2005-01-01

227

Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on various classroom assessment techniques (CATs) such as primary trait analysis, using anonymous assessments, goal ranking and matching, self assessment, active learning, transfer and applied learning, and group work assessment.

2010-06-25

228

Climatic Conditions in Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on the ways in which classroom thermal environment, lighting conditions, ion state, and electromagnetic and air pollution affect learning and the performance of students and teachers. (SJL)

Kevan, Simon M.; Howes, John D.

1980-01-01

229

Culture in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culture plays a large but often unnoticeable role in what we teach and how we teach children. We are a country of immense diversity, but in classrooms the dominant European-American culture has become the language of learning.

Medin, Douglas L.; Bang, Megan

2014-01-01

230

For the Classroom: Scrimshaw.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Procedures are described for practicing the art of scrimshaw in the classroom. Several materials are suggested for use. These include beef soup bones, old piano keys, nails, sandpaper, and lampblack or charcoal. (SA)

Current, 1979

1979-01-01

231

EPIcenter in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the summer workshop experiences of a participant in the EPIcenter (Earth Processes Information Center for Teachers). Describes the impact of the experience on the professional practices of the classroom teacher. (DDR)

Svoboda, Michele

1998-01-01

232

Critters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of invertebrates as classroom "pets" can develop students' skills in scientific inquiry and instill respect for science. Few materials are needed for projects involving invertebrates. Suggested activities using snails, crickets, earthworms, crayfish, and guppies are offered. (DF)

Smith, Robert W.; Fleisher, Paul

1984-01-01

233

Assistant Teachers in Head Start Classrooms: Comparing to and Working with Lead Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The purpose of the present study is to examine the degree to which assistant and lead teachers work together in Head Start classrooms in 3 domains: emotional support, classroom organization, and instructional support. Pairs of lead and assistant teachers from 14 Head Start classrooms were simultaneously observed for 1 morning to…

Curby, Timothy W.; Boyer, Caroline; Edwards, Taylor; Chavez, Catharine

2012-01-01

234

Coming Out of Their Shell: The speech and writing of two young bilinguals in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the speech and writing of two young bilingual children in a classroom context. After summarising the diverse contexts in which such children learn, we present four sets of data: the informants' written texts, following a classroom activity (observing and handling tortoises); partial transcripts of a classroom feedback session in which they address the whole class; of their

Tim Parke; Rose Drury

2000-01-01

235

Children's Agreement on Classroom Social Networks: Cross-Level Predictors in Urban Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informed by research on interpersonal perception, peer relationships, and classroom climate, this study examines predictors of children's agreement with classmates on their classroom social networks. Social network data, peer nominations of positive behavior, and classroom observations were collected from 418 second-grade to fourth-grade children…

Cappella, Elise; Neal, Jennifer Watling; Sahu, Neha

2012-01-01

236

Interactions between Classroom Discourse, Teacher Questioning, and Student Cognitive Engagement in Middle School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom discourse can affect various aspects of student learning in science. The present study examines interactions between classroom discourse, specifically teacher questioning, and related student cognitive engagement in middle school science. Observations were conducted throughout the school year in 10 middle school science classrooms using…

Smart, Julie B.; Marshall, Jeff C.

2013-01-01

237

Type of Instruction and the Relationship of Classroom Behavior to Achievement among Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers observed relationships between classroom behaviors and achievement among learning-disabled students involved in teacher-directed instruction (TDI) and independent seatwork. Results found a stronger relationship between academic-type classroom behaviors and achievement during TDI. Different types of classroom behaviors related to…

Cancelli, Anthony S.; And Others

1993-01-01

238

Classroom-Level Positive Behavior Supports in Schools Implementing SW-PBIS: Identifying Areas for Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the use of classroom-level behavior management strategies that align with School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SW-PBIS). Direct observations of universal classroom management strategies were conducted across 33 elementary classrooms in elementary schools implementing SW-PBIS with high fidelity. Findings…

Reinke, Wendy M.; Herman, Keith C.; Stormont, Melissa

2013-01-01

239

Solar Powered Classroom  

ScienceCinema

A group of fourth graders in Durham, North Carolina, are showing America the way to a clean energy future. They are installing solar panels on their classroom roof for a project that goes above and beyond a normal day in school. From researching solar panel installation, to generating funds for the project via Kickstarter, these are students who put their plans into action. Their accomplishments go beyond the classroom and stress the importance of getting people of all ages involved in renewable energy.

none

2013-06-27

240

Using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic for the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Greek Sample with a Wide Range of Intellectual Abilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the interrelationship between the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G), the Autism Diagnostic\\u000a Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and DSM-IV clinical diagnosis, in a Greek sample of 77 children and adolescents, referred for the\\u000a assessment of a possible pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) and presenting a wide range of cognitive abilities. The agreement\\u000a of the ADOS-G and the ADI-R with the clinical diagnosis

Katerina Papanikolaou; Elena Paliokosta; Giorgos Houliaras; Sofia Vgenopoulou; Eleni Giouroukou; Artemios Pehlivanidis; Vlassis Tomaras; Ioannis Tsiantis

2009-01-01

241

Children's Agreement on Classroom Social Networks: Cross-Level Predictors in Urban Elementary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed by research on interpersonal perception, peer relationships, and classroom climate, this study examines predictors of children's agreement with classmates on their classroom social networks. Social network data, peer nominations of positive behavior, and classroom observations were collected from 418 second-grade to fourth-grade children (99% African American) and 33 teachers and classrooms in low-income, urban schools. Children's perceptions of their

Elise Cappella; Jennifer Watling Neal; Neha Sahu

2012-01-01

242

Teacher practices associated with students' sense of the classroom as a community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from observations of 232 elementary classrooms and from student questionnaires were used to test a model linking teacher\\u000a classroom practices to students' sense of the classroom as a community (assessed by questionnaire) through intermediate effects\\u000a on students' classroom behavior. The model was generally confirmed and showed that teacher practices (emphasis on prosocial values, elicitation of student thinking and expression

Daniel Solomon; Victor Battistich; Dong-IL Kim; Marilyn Watson

1996-01-01

243

Protocols for distributive scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The increasing complexity of space operations and the inclusion of interorganizational and international groups in the planning and control of space missions lead to requirements for greater communication, coordination, and cooperation among mission schedulers. These schedulers must jointly allocate scarce shared resources among the various operational and mission oriented activities while adhering to all constraints. This scheduling environment is complicated by such factors as the presence of varying perspectives and conflicting objectives among the schedulers, the need for different schedulers to work in parallel, and limited communication among schedulers. Smooth interaction among schedulers requires the use of protocols that govern such issues as resource sharing, authority to update the schedule, and communication of updates. This paper addresses the development and characteristics of such protocols and their use in a distributed scheduling environment that incorporates computer-aided scheduling tools. An example problem is drawn from the domain of space shuttle mission planning.

Richards, Stephen F.; Fox, Barry

1993-01-01

244

Aspects of job scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mathematical model for job scheduling in a specified context is presented. The model uses both linear programming and combinatorial methods. While designed with a view toward optimization of scheduling of facility and plant operations at the Deep Space Communications Complex, the context is sufficiently general to be widely applicable. The general scheduling problem including options for scheduling objectives is discussed and fundamental parameters identified. Mathematical algorithms for partitioning problems germane to scheduling are presented.

Phillips, K.

1976-01-01

245

Everyday classroom assessment practices in science classrooms in Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of this study is to examine to what extent and in what ways science teachers practice assessment during classroom interactions in everyday activities in an upper-secondary school in Sweden. We are science teachers working now with a larger research project on assessment in science education that seeks to examine teachers' assessment practices in the upper-secondary school. Framing questions include: are teachers performing an integrated assessment of students' skills as the national curriculum mandates? If so, what do the instructional discourses look like in those situations and what are students' experiences regarding their agency on learning and assessment? We emphasize the social, cultural and historic character of assessment and sustain a situated character of learning instead of the notion that learning is "stored inside the head". Teacher led lessons in three science classrooms were video-recorded and analyzed by combining ethnographic and discourse methods of analysis. Both methods are appropriate to the theoretical foundation of our approach on learning and can give some answers to questions about how individuals interact socially, how their experience is passed on to next generations through language and how language use may reveal cultural changes in the studied context. Making the study of action in a classroom the focal point of sociocultural analysis supports the examination of assessment processes and identification of the social roles in which teachers and students are immersed. Such an approach requires observations of how teachers act in authentic teaching situations when they interact with their students in classroom making possible to observe negotiation processes, agencies when both teachers and students are involved in every-day activities. Our study showed that teachers mostly ignored students' questions and that students solved their own problems by helping each other. Teachers did not provide opportunities for students to discuss or argue scientific issues as the national science curriculum stipulates. We found that traditional assessment methods, such as tests, examinations and assignments were the most common methods used to assess and grade students' learning. Different aspects of knowledge stipulated in the national Swedish curriculum, such as lifelong learning, stimulation to students' creativity, curiosity as well as their wish to explore and convert new ideas into action, and find solutions to problems, were restricted by teachers' discourses. The observed teachers' learning and assessment practices constrain students' agency leading to students' silence consequently hindering students' development.

Gómez, María del Carmen; Jakobsson, Anders

2014-12-01

246

Management and organization in science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty-six junior high and middle school science classes taught by 13 teachers were observed frequently during the first 2 months of school and during 2 months in the middle of the year to identify classroom management and instructional organization variables related to high levels of student task engagement and low levels of off task and disruptive behavior. Sub-samples of more and less effective managers were identified, and narrative data from their classes were analyzed to describe and illustrate effective strategies for managing science classroom activities.

Sanford, Julie P.

247

VALUE-LOADED ACTIVITIES IN MATHEMATICS CLASSROOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a form of value-loaded activities emerged in teaching and learning of mathematical induction in which the value of pleasure is shared by an expert teacher and his students. Using case study method, values are explored with classroom observation, teacher and student interview, and questionnaire survey. Conceiving identity theory from the pedagogical aspect, values are identified in terms

Chien Chin; Fou-Lai Lin

248

Homotolerance and Heteronormativity in Norwegian Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on classroom observations and discusses sexual education that addresses homosexuality. Tolerance of queer lifestyles as well as support for judicial equality between heterosexual and homosexual couples is generally perceived as being high in the Norwegian political context. Norwegian sexual politics is, however, based on a…

Rothing, Ase

2008-01-01

249

Improving Classroom Behavior through a Motivational Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program for improving adolescent classroom behavior through motivational techniques was developed and implemented. The targeted population was 20 junior high school students in a large, low socioeconomic status community in the Midwest. A problem in motivation had been documented through observation, an analysis of academic achievement, and a…

Sanders, Jacqueline

250

Argumentations in proving discourses in mathematics classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on argumentations in proving discourses in mathematics classrooms. Examples of different types of argumentations that were observed in a comparative study of French and German lessons on the Pythagorean Theorem are presented. These illustrate different argumentations within two kinds of proving discourse. In one case the argumentation is characterised as intuitive-visual, and in the other as conceptual.

Christine Knipping

251

Selecting an Animal for Classroom Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are criteria to be considered in selecting classroom organisms for suitability in observational studies. Organisms that lend themselves to basic biological principles are also listed. Potential difficulties (safety hazards, habitat replication, confinement, food requirements, teacher's attitude, conservation, escape of nonnative species)…

Orlans, F. Barbara

1980-01-01

252

Interactions Between Classroom Discourse, Teacher Questioning, and Student Cognitive Engagement in Middle School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Classroom discourse can affect various aspects of student learning in science. The present study examines interactions between classroom discourse, specifically teacher questioning, and related student cognitive engagement in middle school science. Observations were conducted throughout the school year in 10 middle school science classrooms using the Electronic Quality of Inquiry Protocol, which is designed, among other things, to measure observable aspects of student cognitive engagement and discourse factors during science instruction. Results from these observations indicate positive correlations between students' cognitive engagement and the following aspects of classroom discourse: questioning level, complexity of questions, questioning ecology, communication patterns, and classroom interactions. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design provides a detailed look at each aspect of classroom discourse which showed a positive effect on student cognitive level during science instruction. Implications for classroom practice, teacher education, and professional development are discussed.

Smart, Julie B.; Marshall, Jeff C.

2013-03-01

253

A Stream Ecosystem in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To build a model of the world of nature is never an easy task. In this case the lotic ecosystem for the classroom is no exception. However, with the right materials, some time, and student involvement you can have an operational classroom ecosystem, complete with organisms, physical environment, interactions and relationships, and natural succession. The classroom stream ecosystem provides a focus for biology class projects, lessons, experiments and research. It provides students with a sense of ownership in the class if they are involved in the development of the system early in the school year. I have found students simply standing and observing, conversing about their ideas, and actively wondering what is going on in the stream on a daily basis. The model is a magnet for student curiosity. If you have a chance to build one and use it, I recommend it strongly, and wish you luck in your new quest to make biology real and relevant to your students.

Paul Tweed (Augusta High School REV)

1995-06-30

254

Teachers' Practical Knowledge about Classroom Management in Multicultural Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a positive working atmosphere in the classroom is the first concern of many student and beginning teachers in secondary education. Teaching in multicultural classrooms provides additional challenges for these teachers. This study identified shared practical knowledge about classroom management strategies of teachers who were successful in…

van Tartwijk, Jan; den Brok, Perry; Veldman, Ietje; Wubbels, Theo

2009-01-01

255

Classroom Teachers and Classroom Research. JALT Applied Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers leads classroom language teachers through the process of developing and completing a classroom research project. Arranged in four sections, they include: "Language Teaching and Research" (David Nunan); "Where Are We Now? Trends, Teachers, and Classroom Research" (Dale T. Griffee); "First Things First: Writing the Research…

Griffee, Dale T., Ed.; Nunan, David, Ed.

256

The Elephant in the Classroom: The Impact of Misbehavior on Classroom Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research discussed here is based on a one year study of 34 second and fourth grade teachers and their 588 students. Data were collected in 40 minute observational segments; six unannounced observations took place in each teacher's classroom for a total of 240 minutes per teacher. The data were analyzed in SPSS as quantitative data. Half of the…

Ratcliff, Nancy J.; Jones, Cathy R.; Costner, Richard H.; Savage-Davis, Emma; Hunt, Gilbert H.

2010-01-01

257

Mathematics Classrooms, Gender and Affect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that explores the relationship between classroom factors and students' beliefs about themselves as learners of mathematics. Identifies classroom factors that might influence students' beliefs. Contains 45 references. (DDR)

Forgasz, Helen J.; Leder, Gilah C.

1996-01-01

258

Becoming Galileo in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Galileo's contributions are so familiar as to be taken for granted, obscuring the exploratory process by which his discoveries arose. The wonder that Galileo experienced comes alive for undergraduates and teachers that I teach, when they find themselves taking Galileo's role by means of their own explorations. These classroom journeys include: sighting through picture frames to understand perspective, watching the night sky, experimenting with lenses and motion, and responding to Galileo's story. In teaching, I use critical exploration, the research pedagogy developed by Eleanor Duckworth that arose historically from both the clinical interviewing of Jean Piaget and B"arbel Inhelder and the Elementary Science Study of the 1960s. During critical explorations, the teacher supports students' investigations by posing provocative experiences while interactively following students' emergent understandings. In the context of Galileo, students learned to observe carefully, trust their observations, notice things they had never noticed before, and extend their understanding in the midst of pervasive confusion. Personal investment moved students to question assumptions that they had never critically evaluated. By becoming Galileo in today's classroom, we found the ordinary world no less intriguing and unsettling to explore, as the historical world of protagonists in Galileo's Dialogue.

Cavicchi, Elizabeth

2011-04-01

259

Scheduling Algebra Rob van Glabbeek  

E-print Network

for this process is: a; (b || c; d) || e #12; 2 To visualize a schedule, the so­called GANTT chart [Cla35] is used of the action (see fig. 2). Fig. 2: GANTT diagram It has already been observed [BEP96] that in an efficient

Pratt, Vaughan

260

Scheduling Algebra Rob van Glabbeek  

E-print Network

for this process is: a; (b || c; d) || e #12;2 To visualize a schedule, the so-called GANTT chart [Cla35] is used of the action (see fig. 2). Fig. 2: GANTT diagram It has already been observed [BEP96] that in an efficient

Pratt, Vaughan

261

75 FR 42831 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1065, Schedule C, Schedule D, Schedule K-1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Comment Request for Form 1065, Schedule C, Schedule D, Schedule K-1, Schedule L, Schedule M-1, Schedule M-2, and Schedule M-3 AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for...

2010-07-22

262

Inverting the Linear Algebra Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inverted classroom is a course design model in which students' initial contact with new information takes place outside of class meetings, and students spend class time on high-level sense-making activities. The inverted classroom model is so called because it inverts or "flips" the usual classroom design where typically class…

Talbert, Robert

2014-01-01

263

Classroom Design at Binghamton University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the work of the Classroom Environment Committee at Binghamton University (New York) that created classroom standards for multimedia technology when renovating classrooms. Discusses data display, network connections, screens, laptop computers, lighting, furniture, design considerations, and the need for communication with faculty. (LRW)

Donahue, Jeffrey B.

2000-01-01

264

Managing Inquiry-Based Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though it may seem that classroom management comes naturally to some teachers, upon closer examination you'll probably discover that preparation and adaptation are more important than any innate ability when it comes to successful classroom management. Any experienced middle school science teacher can tell you that successful classroom management…

Wolfgang, Christie Nicole

2009-01-01

265

Race and Gender Barriers: Preadolescent Peer Behavior in Academic Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The classroom behavior of 92 black and white sixth graders was observed in a desegregated urban school. Observations were made once a week during a full semester. The sex and race of each student observed and of his or her interactants were noted. Observers also coded characteristics of observed students' interactive behaviors: the tone (positive,…

Sagar, H. Andrew; Schofield, Janet Ward

266

Dedicated heterogeneous node scheduling including backfill scheduling  

DOEpatents

A method and system for job backfill scheduling dedicated heterogeneous nodes in a multi-node computing environment. Heterogeneous nodes are grouped into homogeneous node sub-pools. For each sub-pool, a free node schedule (FNS) is created so that the number of to chart the free nodes over time. For each prioritized job, using the FNS of sub-pools having nodes useable by a particular job, to determine the earliest time range (ETR) capable of running the job. Once determined for a particular job, scheduling the job to run in that ETR. If the ETR determined for a lower priority job (LPJ) has a start time earlier than a higher priority job (HPJ), then the LPJ is scheduled in that ETR if it would not disturb the anticipated start times of any HPJ previously scheduled for a future time. Thus, efficient utilization and throughput of such computing environments may be increased by utilizing resources otherwise remaining idle.

Wood, Robert R. (Livermore, CA); Eckert, Philip D. (Livermore, CA); Hommes, Gregg (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-07-25

267

Reinforcement learning in scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this research is to apply reinforcement learning methods to real-world problems like scheduling. In this preliminary paper, we show that learning to solve scheduling problems such as the Space Shuttle Payload Processing and the Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) scheduling can be usefully studied in the reinforcement learning framework. We discuss some of the special challenges posed by the scheduling domain to these methods and propose some possible solutions we plan to implement.

Dietterich, Tom G.; Ok, Dokyeong; Zhang, Wei; Tadepalli, Prasad

1994-01-01

268

Dosing Schedules for Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine  

PubMed Central

Since second generation pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) targeting 10 and 13 serotypes became available in 2010, the number of national policy makers considering these vaccines has steadily increased. An important consideration for a national immunization program is the timing and number of doses—the schedule—that will best prevent disease in the population. Data on disease epidemiology and the efficacy or effectiveness of PCV schedules are typically considered when choosing a schedule. Practical concerns, such as the existing vaccine schedule, and vaccine program performance are also important. In low-income countries, pneumococcal disease and deaths typically peak well before the end of the first year of life, making a schedule that provides PCV doses early in life (eg, a 6-, 10- and 14-week schedule) potentially the best option. In other settings, a schedule including a booster dose may address disease that peaks in the second year of life or may be seen to enhance a schedule already in place. A large and growing body of evidence from immunogenicity studies, as well as clinical trials and observational studies of carriage, pneumonia and invasive disease, has been systematically reviewed; these data indicate that schedules of 3 or 4 doses all work well, and that the differences between these regimens are subtle, especially in a mature program in which coverage is high and indirect (herd) effects help enhance protection provided directly by a vaccine schedule. The recent World Health Organization policy statement on PCVs endorsed a schedule of 3 primary doses without a booster or, as a new alternative, 2 primary doses with a booster dose. While 1 schedule may be preferred in a particular setting based on local epidemiology or practical considerations, achieving high coverage with 3 doses is likely more important than the specific timing of doses. PMID:24336059

2014-01-01

269

Scheduling Nonconsumable Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Users manual describes computer program SWITCH that schedules use of resources - by appliances switched on and off and use resources while they are on. Plans schedules according to predetermined goals; revises schedules when new goals imposed. Program works by depth-first searching with strict chronological back-tracking. Proceeds to evaluate alternatives as necessary, sometimes interacting with user.

Porta, Harry J.

1990-01-01

270

Alternative congestion pricing schedules  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important that alternative congestion pricing schedules are compared with respect to a broad spectrum of their effects. This paper uses an equilibrium simulation model of peak-period commuting along an urban highway to compare quantitatively both positive and normative effects of six congestion pricing schedules. Three of these schedules have been investigated qualitatively in the literature; the others are

Xuehao Chu

1999-01-01

271

course schedule grading scheme  

E-print Network

news search image and video search (micro-)blog search product search, federated search social searchwhat is IR course schedule grading scheme 60-538: Information Retrieval September 4, 2014 1 / 48 #12;what is IR course schedule grading scheme Outline 1 what is IR 2 course schedule 3 grading scheme

Lu, Jianguo

272

Task Scheduling in Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scheduling a set of tasks on a set of machines so as to yield an efficient schedule is a basicproblem in computer science and operations research. Most of the research on this problemincorporates the potentially unrealistic assumption that communication between the differentmachines is instantaneous. In this paper we remove this assumption and study the problem ofnetwork scheduling, where each job

Cynthia Phillips Sandia; Nm Clifford Stein

1994-01-01

273

The Electronic Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of telecommunications in establishing the electronic classroom in distance education is illustrated. Using a computer-based doctoral program and the UNIX operating system as an example, how a personal computer and modem may be combined with a telephone line for instructional delivery is described. A number of issues must be addressed in…

Mizell, Al P.; Centini, Barry M.

274

A Restructured Biology Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As his high school restructured to improve student outcomes, a biology teacher altered the instructional environment of his classroom accordingly, emphasizing curriculum, instruction, and assessment. As he acted more like a coach than a dispenser of information, students took more responsibility for learning and improving the quality of their…

McCauley, Kevin J.

1995-01-01

275

Networking the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "CQ Researcher" examines the theme of computer networking in the classroom and discusses uses past and present. It begins with an essay by Christopher Conte that discusses: "Does computer networking really enhance learning? Are teachers adequately prepared to take advantage of computer networking? Will computer networking promote…

Stencel, Sandra, Ed.; And Others

1995-01-01

276

Cockroaches in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Madagascar hissing cockroach (MHC) provides an excellent avenue to introduce students to the joys of inquiry-centered learning. MHC's are relatively tame, produce little odor, do not bite, and are easy to handle and breed. Because of these characteristics, they are ideal for classroom activities, science projects, and as pets. They also help…

Wagler, Ron; Moseley, Christine

2005-01-01

277

Windows into Art Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An editorial by Kit Grauer introduces this collection of articles which establish that there is no such thing as a simple definition of art education even within one culture, and that people's views can be reflected by art educators across the world. The first article, "A Window on Three Singapore Art Classrooms" (Jane Chia; John Matthews; Paul…

Grauer, Kit, Ed.

1995-01-01

278

Fluency in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers two distinct approaches to oral reading instruction that can easily be incorporated into primary-grade literacy curricula. It enables teachers to go beyond the conventional "round-robin" approach by providing strong instructional support and using challenging texts. Grounded in research and classroom experience, the book explains…

Kuhn, Melanie R., Ed.; Schwanenflugel, Paula J., Ed.

2007-01-01

279

Your Outdoor Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education is still taught in outdoor settings in many warmer climates of the United States. Even when indoor facilities are available, physical education may be moved outside because of other curricular needs or facility issues. How can physical educators make the outdoor setting seem more like an indoor classroom? Outdoor teaching…

Hinman, Laurie

2005-01-01

280

Elementary Classroom Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand how elementary classroom Web sites support children's literacy. From a sociocultural perspective of literacy and a transformative stance toward the integration of literacy and technology, and building on explorations of new literacies, I discuss opportunities provided by the Internet that can support…

Baker, Elizabeth A.

2007-01-01

281

Tips from the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven articles on classroom icebreakers are compiled: "Picture Stories and Other Opportunities" (Joy Egbert, Deborah Hanley, Rosemary Delaney); "Hey, What's Your Name" (Janet Leamy); "Surprise!" (Lynne Burgess); "Memory Game" (Sally Winn); "Picturesque" (Margaret Beiter); "The Name Game" (Jeanne-Marie Garcia); "Exercise the Body--And the Mind…

TESOL Journal, 1993

1993-01-01

282

Classroom of the Sea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although most students do not have the opportunity to conduct in situ research projects until college, the Classroom of the Sea program at the American School for the Deaf (ASD) provides an unusual opportunity for students to work directly with scientists

Monte, Denise; Hupper, Mary L.; Scheifele, Peter

2000-03-01

283

Flexible Classroom Furniture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom design for the 21st-century learning environment should accommodate a variety of learning skills and needs. The space should be large enough so it can be configured to accommodate a number of learning activities. This also includes furniture that provides flexibility and accommodates collaboration and interactive work among students and…

Kim Hassell,

2011-01-01

284

Assessing Classroom Assessment Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom assessment techniques (CATs) are teaching strategies that provide formative assessments of student learning. It has been argued that the use of CATs enhances and improves student learning. Although the various types of CATs have been extensively documented and qualitatively studied, there appears to be little quantitative research…

Simpson-Beck, Victoria

2011-01-01

285

Classroom Contexts for Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various factors influence the development of creative potential, including everything from individual differences to the kinds of experiences and opportunities that creators experience throughout the lifespan. When it comes to nurturing creativity in the classroom, the learning environment is one of the most important factors--determining, in…

Beghetto, Ronald A.; Kaufman, James C.

2014-01-01

286

Singing Smoothes Classroom Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as humming a merry tune helped Snow White and her furry animal friends to quickly clean a filthy cottage in the movie "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (Disney & Cottrell, 1937), singing can be an effective way to help keep young children fully engaged during classroom transitions. The purposes of this article are to: (1) consider why…

Mathews, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

287

Reorganizing Your Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines for teachers in competency-based education settings to use in establishing and maintaining a system of classroom and individual student progress charts and records. Describes the development of an instructional materials file to help students become more responsible for obtaining the materials needed for each lesson. (LRA)

Owenby, Ermine M.

1979-01-01

288

Inquiry in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

(Purpose) As schools scramble to restructure in the hope of thwarting failure, administrators often appropriate money for outside experts who counsel on professional development as well as outside magic-pill programs for student achievement. High-stakes testing remains the arbiter. Perhaps the use of the best practice of inquiry, or classroom

Stohl, Christina

2010-01-01

289

The Classroom Equalizer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multiple Activities Curriculum, developed by the Stanford University Center for Educational Research, broadens the scope of classroom experiences and thinking skills required, so that students weak in the traditional academic skills of reading and language have more chance to participate in class and to feel worthwhile. (Author/SJL)

Rosenholtz, Susan J.

1979-01-01

290

Classroom multiplayer presential games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the promising results of massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs) for educational purposes, this paper maps the essential concepts behind MMOGs, into the classroom context. Since the number of students in this context is not massive and play takes place within a single room rather than on the Internet, we have changed the terms ldquomassivelyrdquo and ldquoonlinerdquo to ldquoclassroomrdquo and

Miguel Nussbaum; Heinz Susaeta; Felipe Jimenez; Ignacio Gajardo; Juan José Andreu; M. Villalta; J. Nordlinger

2009-01-01

291

Classroom Management That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to find the best classroom management strategies to use when teaching in an elementary school setting. I wanted to conduct the best possible management tools for a variety of age groups as well as meet educational standards. Through my research I found different approaches in different grade levels is an important…

Cleve, Lauren

2012-01-01

292

Classroom management and disaffection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on aspects of the Norwich Area Schools Consortium (NASC) cross-school Classroom Management and Disaffection research project undertaken as part of the NASC programme. It documents the dual interwoven ‘stories’ of teacher engagement in research as a learning expand the substantive research undertaken. The project took place in two stages, the focus of the second stage emerging from

Barbara Zamorski; Terry Haydn

2002-01-01

293

Strategies in Classroom Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching—always a challenging profession —has, in today's complex society, become even more difficult. Large classes, sophisticated students, legal constraints, all compound the problems of dealing with student misbehavior. Today's teacher must be well-prepared to deal with problems, this author believes. He outlines six strategies that constitute a basic plan for classroom management.

Robert L. Shrigley

1979-01-01

294

The Intelligent Classroom  

E-print Network

This paper is an adaptation of an article that appeared in the September/October 1999 issue of the IEEE Intelligent Systems journal. It provides an informal description of the Intelligent Classroom and looks at examples of what happens as the speaker writes on the board, lectures from slides, and does an anatomy lecture. Also, the paper features pretty color pictures.

David Franklin; Joshua Flachsbart; Kristian Hammond

1999-01-01

295

Flipping the Classroom Revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I received many emails following the first column on flipping the classroom. Many of my local colleagues also approached me at our physics alliance, Physics Northwest. Teachers are very interested in this new pedagogy. As I result, I wanted to share some more videos to inspire you.

Riendeau, Diane

2013-02-01

296

Language, Schools and Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of language in education is examined, and the ways in which recent research helps in the understanding of classroom language are explored. The relevance of such research to practicing teachers as well as to sociologists is also discussed. The volume is divided into nine chapters: (1) "Why Is Language Important in Education?"; (2) "Some…

Stubbs, Michael

297

Classroom Idea-Sparkers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents four Idea-Sparkers that were submitted by Jason McKinney, a graduate student at Southern Mississippi University and a 1st-grade teacher at Pisgah Elementary in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. First is entitled, "Raceway in the Classroom." This activity can help increase children's fluency and ability to identify numerous sight…

Kieff, Judith

2007-01-01

298

Using Your Classroom Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of articles provides suggestions on using classroom libraries. One article suggests filling the library with genre books to inspire critical reading, critical thinking, and learning across the curriculum (folktales, fairy tales, tall tales, historical fiction, biographies, and autobiographies). Another article presents information on…

Barchers, Suzanne; And Others

1993-01-01

299

Formation in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship between the academic knowledge of the guild and the formation of students in the classroom? This Forum gathers four essays originally presented at a Special Topics Session at the 2009 conference of the American Academy of Religion (Atlanta, Georgia), with a brief introductory essay by Fred Glennon explaining the genesis of…

Glennon, Fred; Jacobsen, Douglas; Jacobsen, Rhonda Hustedt; Thatamanil, John J.; Porterfield, Amanda; Moore, Mary Elizabeth

2011-01-01

300

Librarian in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As community college learning resource centers deal more with student instruction, librarians are gaining credence as true educators. In an effort to reinforce library usage and understand teaching faculty constraints, some librarians--many of them teaching "drop-outs"--have returned to the classroom. This paper describes the experiences of one…

Sabol, Cathy

301

The Engineered Adjustment Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are the curriculum, behavioral modification program, summer activities, and parent involvement in the Papillion (Nebraska) Title III elementary level "engineered classroom" program for emotionally disturbed students. Noted is program initiation after parents and teachers became upset over poor academic progress and behaviors of an…

Spilker, George

302

The Fight Free Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes implementation of the Fight Free Classroom intervention (designed to decrease fighting and aggressiveness by helping students take ownership of their behavior) in an urban elementary school that included students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). Overall, aggressive acts among students with and without EBD decreased…

Whedon, Craig K.; Bakken, Jeffrey P.; Fletcher, Reginald

2000-01-01

303

The Network Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the role of new computer communications technologies in education focuses on modern networking systems, including fiber distributed data interface and Integrated Services Digital Network; strategies for implementing networked-based communication; and public online information resources for the classroom, including Bitnet, Internet,…

Maule, R. William

1993-01-01

304

Theme: The Electronic Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of seven articles on the use of electronics in vocational agricultural education. Topics include (1) the Ag Ed Network, (2) computer simulations, (3) video simulation, (4) classroom equipment, (4) online information systems, (5) expert systems, and (6) computer networking in California. (CH)

Herz, Bruce; And Others

1988-01-01

305

In the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen conference papers on classroom techniques for second language teaching are presented, including: "Cooperative Learning at the Post-Secondary Level in Japan" (Steve McGuire, Patricia Thornton, David Kluge); "Shared Inquiry Fosters Critical Thinking Skills in EFL Students" (Carol Browning, Jerold Halvorsen, Denise Ahlquist); "Story Grammar:…

1997

306

The Classroom Animal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tree frogs are small (2-5 cm) animals which not only interest students but also can be maintained in classrooms for a few days. Characteristics (species, ranges, habitat, reproductive cycle, and locomotion) and housing/care needs are described. Long-term maintenance is not recommended due to the difficulty of providing live food. (DH)

Kramer, David C.

1985-01-01

307

Poetry in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These reprints from the "English Journal's" department, "Poetry in the Classroom," present successful approaches to teaching 22 poems. The poems are grouped under seven headings: "Poems from the Tradition,""The Creation,""The Carpe Diem Theme,""Where Shall Man Journey?""Symbolic Settings,""Poems for the Junior High School," and "Poems of our…

Petitt, Dorothy, Ed.

308

The Classroom Animal: Snails.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that snails are interesting and easily-managed classroom animals. One advantage of this animal is that it requires no special attention over weekends or holidays. Background information, anatomy, reproduction, and feeding are discussed, along with suggestions for housing aquatic and/or land snails. (DH)

Kramer, David S.

1985-01-01

309

Improving Classroom Discussion: A Rhetorical Approach  

E-print Network

and sustaining a discussion as a group. In one class, students carried on a discussion of Thucydides while the professor removed himself from the group and observed silently from the edge of the classroom. In the last few minutes of class, the professor guided..., somewhat superficial analysis, and too much emphasis on what students thought as opposed to what Thucydides thought. The professor confirmed these observations, adding that, in addition, the class could work on strategies for drawing out the students who...

Bruss, Kristine S.

2009-01-01

310

Observing Literacy Practices in History Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

History teachers are faced with numerous literacy-related decisions about the types of texts they use and how students are taught to learn with texts. Teachers' decisions about texts and instruction reflect their knowledge of historical inquiry processes and attitudes about the purpose of history instruction, specifically whether instruction on…

Nokes, Jeffrey D.

2010-01-01

311

Science teachers' understanding and use of instructional strategies within the 4 x 4 block schedule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of this researcher was to investigate how science teachers engage students under the 4 x 4 block schedule and how the teachers' understanding of how they use instructional strategies influenced their lessons. As an inquiry-based approach has been adopted by the National Science Standards, research has suggested that block scheduling provides more time for teachers to incorporate varied strategies such as inquiry-based and cooperative learning teaching which have philosophical roots in a social constructivist philosophy. This research investigated the questions: What instructional strategies do science teachers use to engage students on the 4 x 4 block schedule? How do science teachers understand their use of instructional strategies? The methodology was qualitative in nature and involved a multiple case study of three high school science teachers at a large rural county high school. Data sources included pre-observation interviews, classroom observations, post-observation interviews, and the collection of documents and artifacts such as lesson plans, student hand-outs, worksheets, laboratory exercises, homework and other document(s) the teacher used to prepare for or implement a lesson. The evidence observed in this study, suggests that the strategies used by these three science teachers remain mostly didactic in nature. Although the teachers reported in the interview phase of this research that they use a wide variety of strategies, what was observed within the 4 x 4 block structure was the use of different didactic strategies, not different holistic strategies. Although the teachers were aware of more holistic strategies such as inquiry-based and cooperative learning, they were not adopted nor adapted within the lesson. The three teachers used strategies that were consistent with their scientific realist views concerning the nature of science. These scientific realist philosophies are antithetical to a social constructivist approach to teaching and learning, which is what the National Research Council suggests science teachers adopt.

Grosshans, Kurt

312

Wait-time, classroom discourse, and the influence of sociocultural factors in science teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wait-time, a variable related to questioning in a teaching-learning situation, has been found to have implications for the inquiry mode of science teaching especially in Western classroom environments. Aside from the fact that the literature is very sparse in this area about what obtains in developing countries, nothing appears to be available with regard to how wait-time interacts with the sociocultural factors within non-Western science classrooms. In a non-Western country such as Nigeria where most science programs in schools are inquiry-oriented, do teachers take notice of, and effectively use, wait-time in the teaching-learning process? Are science teachers able to effectively use the mediating role of sociocultural factors in science teaching in a traditional environment which expects children to be seen only and not heard? The main purpose of this study was to investigate the wait-time of Nigerian integrated science teachers in relation to the amount of students' participation in inquiry. This study also investigated the relationship between wait-time and sociocultural attitudinal factors prevalent in traditional societies. The instruments used for data collection were the Hough's Observational Schedule and a modified version of the Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES); a stop-watch was used to measure the wait-time of audio-recorded integrated science lessons of 37 integrated science teachers from selected junior secondary schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The results showed that the average wait-time TT and wait-time ST of the integrated science teachers was 3.0 seconds and 0.7 seconds, respectively. The study reported the amount of student participation in the student-teacher classroom discourse to be very low. Wait-time was also shown to have a strong relationship with sociocultural factors of authoritarianism, goal structure, societal expectation, and traditional worldview. The pedagogical and curricular implications of the results have been highlighted.

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Olajide, Janet O.

313

DSN Scheduling Engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DSN (Deep Space Network) Scheduling Engine targets all space missions that use DSN services. It allows clients to issue scheduling, conflict identification, conflict resolution, and status requests in XML over a Java Message Service interface. The scheduling requests may include new requirements that represent a set of tracks to be scheduled under some constraints. This program uses a heuristic local search to schedule a variety of schedule requirements, and is being infused into the Service Scheduling Assembly, a mixed-initiative scheduling application. The engine resolves conflicting schedules of resource allocation according to a range of existing and possible requirement specifications, including optional antennas; start of track and track duration ranges; periodic tracks; locks on track start, duration, and allocated antenna; MSPA (multiple spacecraft per aperture); arraying/VLBI (very long baseline interferometry)/delta DOR (differential one-way ranging); continuous tracks; segmented tracks; gap-to-track ratio; and override or block-out of requirements. The scheduling models now include conflict identification for SOA(start of activity), BOT (beginning of track), RFI (radio frequency interference), and equipment constraints. This software will search through all possible allocations while providing a best-effort solution at any time. The engine reschedules to accommodate individual emergency tracks in 0.2 second, and emergency antenna downtime in 0.2 second. The software handles doubling of one mission's track requests over one week (to 42 total) in 2.7 seconds. Further tests will be performed in the context of actual schedules.

Clement, Bradley; Johnston, Mark; Wax, Allan; Chouinard, Caroline

2008-01-01

314

Predicting scheduling success  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an analytical formulation to predict scheduling success for a class of problems frequently referred to as activity scheduling. Space Network communications scheduling is an example of activity scheduling. The principal assumption is that the activity start times are randomly distributed over the available time in the time line. The formulation makes it possible to estimate how much of the demand can be scheduled as a function of the demand, number of resources, activity duration, and activity flexibility. The paper includes computed results for a variety of resource and demand conditions. The results demonstrate that even with highly flexible activities, it is difficult to schedule demand greater than 60 percent of resources without the use of optimization and conflict resolution capabilities in the scheduling system.

Messing, Fredric

1993-01-01

315

An algorithm for a single machine scheduling problem with sequence dependent setup times and scheduling windows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An enumeration algorithm is presented for solving a scheduling problem similar to the single machine job shop problem with sequence dependent setup times. The scheduling problem differs from the job shop problem in two ways. First, its objective is to select an optimum subset of the available tasks to be performed during a fixed period of time. Secondly, each task scheduled is constrained to occur within its particular scheduling window. The algorithm is currently being used to develop typical observational timelines for a telescope that will be operated in earth orbit. Computational times associated with timeline development are presented.

Moore, J. E.

1975-01-01

316

Employing the Power of Technology to Change the Concept of the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nova Southeastern University (NSU) is constantly striving to expand the concept of the classroom and fulfill the mission of the university, which includes serving the educational needs of employed professionals, regardless of their schedules and distance from the central campus. "Distant learners" include those whose job demands, family…

Kontos, George; And Others

317

The Works and Days of Hands: Students Share a Classroom Calendar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an urban high school's homeroom classroom calendar that is maintained by students who are deaf and hard of hearing. The calendar is used to record students' schedules, including individualized education program meetings, assemblies, doctor appointments, and other events. It assists students in taking responsibility for their own…

Atkinson, Joan

1997-01-01

318

The Special Educator's Toolkit: Everything You Need to Organize, Manage, and Monitor Your Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmed special educators: Reduce your stress and support student success with this practical toolkit for whole-classroom organization. A lifesaver for special educators in any K-12 setting, this book-and-CD set will help teachers expertly manage everything, from schedules and paperwork to student supports and behavior plans. Cindy Golden, a…

Golden, Cindy

2012-01-01

319

Integrated resource scheduling in a distributed scheduling environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Station era presents a highly-complex multi-mission planning and scheduling environment exercised over a highly distributed system. In order to automate the scheduling process, customers require a mechanism for communicating their scheduling requirements to NASA. A request language that a remotely-located customer can use to specify his scheduling requirements to a NASA scheduler, thus automating the customer-scheduler interface, is described. This notation, Flexible Envelope-Request Notation (FERN), allows the user to completely specify his scheduling requirements such as resource usage, temporal constraints, and scheduling preferences and options. The FERN also contains mechanisms for representing schedule and resource availability information, which are used in the inter-scheduler inconsistency resolution process. Additionally, a scheduler is described that can accept these requests, process them, generate schedules, and return schedule and resource availability information to the requester. The Request-Oriented Scheduling Engine (ROSE) was designed to function either as an independent scheduler or as a scheduling element in a network of schedulers. When used in a network of schedulers, each ROSE communicates schedule and resource usage information to other schedulers via the FERN notation, enabling inconsistencies to be resolved between schedulers. Individual ROSE schedules are created by viewing the problem as a constraint satisfaction problem with a heuristically guided search strategy.

Zoch, David; Hall, Gardiner

1988-01-01

320

From Perception to Practice: The Impact of Teachers' Scoring Experience on Performance-based Instruction and Classroom Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the impact of experience scoring the Maryland School Performance Assessment tasks on teachers' instructional and classroom assessment practice. Interview data, questionnaires, classroom observation, and classroom artifacts from approximately 5 teacher-scorers demonstrated that teachers' appropriation of performance-based instruction may be…

Goldberg, Gail Lynn; Roswell, Barbara Sherr

2000-01-01

321

‘Teacher only calls her pets’: teacher's selective attention and the invisible life of a diverse classroom in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on classroom practices in Africa and the developing world tend to report on the visible general features, i.e. code switching, rote learning, memorisation and safe talk, with very little on the micro, invisible, classroom life. This article, based on the findings of a study involving classroom observations of teachers and pupils' interactions around texts, interviews and focus-group discussions with

Kwasi Opoku-Amankwa

2009-01-01

322

Photographs and Classroom Response Systems in Middle School Astronomy Classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In spite of being readily available, photographs have played a minor and passive role in science classes. In our study, we present an active way of using photographs in classroom discussions with the use of a classroom response system (CRS) in middle school astronomy classes to teach the concepts of day-night and seasonal change. In this new pedagogical method, students observe objects or phenomena in photographs and use the information to develop understanding of the scientific concepts. They share their ideas in classroom discussion with the assistance of the CRS. Pre- and posttest results showed that the new pedagogy helped students overcome primitive conceptions and enhanced their understanding of the concepts. The observation of the rich details of photographs played three pedagogical roles in classroom discussion: easing students' anxiety about learning a new scientific concept; continuous stimulus of learning; and as evidence or data.

Lee, Hyunju; Feldman, Allan

2014-12-01

323

Pressures of the Season: A Descriptive Look at Classroom Quality in Second and Third Grade Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from two years of classroom observation designed to help understand the in-school experiences of students who had been first graders in eight Baltimore public schools in 2007-08. During the 2008-09 and 2009-10 school years, the authors conducted fieldwork to understand learning opportunities and settings for a set of…

Plank, Stephen B.; Condliffe, Barbara

2011-01-01

324

Connected Classroom Climate: A Validity Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Connected classroom climate, which focuses on the role of student–student communication in establishing a positive classroom climate, is a relatively new construct with the potential to enhance the understanding of classroom interaction. Results of this study support both the content and construct validity of Dwyer et al.'s (2004) Connected Classroom Climate Inventory as a measure of connected classroom climate. As

Danette Ifert Johnson

2009-01-01

325

The classroom space project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Classroom Space is a national education project funded by PPARC and run by the University of Leicester, in collaboration with the National Space Centre. It aims to revitalize science education at Key Stages 3 and 4 by using exciting examples from Space Science and Astronomy to illustrate key science concepts. The comprehensive classroom resources-which are available to download free of charge from the project website www.classroomspace.org.uk-are all linked to the National Curriculum and are fully self-contained. The materials are developed through partnership between space scientists, teachers and education professionals. The project was launched at the ASE Annual Meeting in January, and this paper summarizes the motivation for the project and its development, as well as looking forward to ideas for an extension to the project for which funding has been confirmed.

Verbickas, Sarah

2005-11-28

326

Everyday Classroom Tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Everyday Classroom Tools site has developed The Threads of Inquiry, an integrated inquiry-inspiring curriculum framework that brings science and the Internet into the everyday life of the K-6 classroom. Students are involved in 10 hands-on investigations that focus on the changing seasons, shadows, light, night and day, and the sun. Each thread is divided into 3 grade level sections (K-2, 2-4, and 4-6). Each investigation contains the title; purpose (how the thread fits into the curriculum, the National Science Standards that are stressed and vocabulary words); materials needed and time requirements; teacher background information; suggested fiction and nonfiction books and other Web sites; and development issues and inquiring investigation for each of the three grade levels. Assessments for the threads, additional activities and lessons, and journals from teachers who have participated in the investigations are included.

Anderson, Carl; Jones, Christine; Mandel, Eric; Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.; Project, Nasa'S L.; Ruiz, Tania

2007-12-12

327

Classroom Assessment Techniques: Interviews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page describes the technique of using interviews to assess student understanding. The assessment tool is one of a series of Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) provided by the Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAG) website. The CATs of FLAG were constructed as a resource for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) instructors to emphasize deeper levels of learning and to give instructors valuable feedback during a course. Interviews enable instructors to judge the extent of understanding students have developed with respect to a series of well-focused, conceptually-related scientific ideas. This site provides an overview of this assessment instrument including information about how to use classroom interviews to their maximum benefit. The site is also linked to a set of discipline-specific "tools" that can be downloaded for immediate use, as well as supplementary links and sources to further explore this assessment tool.

Smith, Mike U.; Southerland, Sherry A.; The National Institute for Science Education; College Level One Team

328

C-SPAN Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The C-SPAN in the classroom website is geared toward teachers of political science - or specifically U.S. Government. The site is split into six segments: Principles of Government, the Constitution, Political Participation and each of the three branches of government. Each of these sections features video clips, and questions for class discussion. Free site membership is available, but not required to use the site. Some additional content and services are available with membership.

329

Marine Mammal Classroom Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features teachers' guides developed by Sea World featuring marine mammal educational materials for K-12. 14 different topics covered including sharks, wetlands, whales, birds, and much more. Several feature activities for all grade levels. Each guide includes goals and objectives, information, vocabulary, a bibliography, and classroom activities. Activities strive to integrate science, mathematics, geography, art, and language. Orca guide is also in Spanish.

330

CIESE Online Classroom Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of all grades can use these projects to enhance their science curriculum through use of the Internet. Many projects utilize real time data, others draw from primary/historical information sources. In collaborative projects, students from around the world contribute data for comparison. Each project includes a brief description, teacher guide, standards, classroom activities, data source links, even online help. Many projects focus on water, water quality, weather, oceanography topics. Undergraduate science education is also featured.

331

Sustainable Seas Classroom Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Multimedia approach promotes ocean exploration and conservation. Underwater expeditions to National Marine Sanctuaries provide case studies and data for lesson plans. Topics include: biological oceanography; ocean regions and habitats; physical ocean process; human links to and impacts on the ocean; applications of oceanography. Virtual expeditions link the classroom experience with the individual National Marine Sanctuaries, research methods and technology, and researchers' experiences. Free, on-line teacher workshops feature top ocean researchers and policy makers.

332

The range scheduling aid  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Air Force Space Command schedules telemetry, tracking and control activities across the Air Force Satellite Control network. The Range Scheduling Aid (RSA) is a rapid prototype combining a user-friendly, portable, graphical interface with a sophisticated object-oriented database. The RSA has been a rapid prototyping effort whose purpose is to elucidate and define suitable technology for enhancing the performance of the range schedulers. Designing a system to assist schedulers in their task and using their current techniques as well as enhancements enabled by an electronic environment, has created a continuously developing model that will serve as a standard for future range scheduling systems. The RSA system is easy to use, easily ported between platforms, fast, and provides a set of tools for the scheduler that substantially increases his productivity.

Halbfinger, Eliezer M.; Smith, Barry D.

1991-01-01

333

A Classroom of Polymer Factories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an activity in which students create small classroom factories and investigate several aspects of production including design, engineering, quality control, waste management, packaging, shipment, and communication. (DDR)

Harris, Mary E.; Van Natta, Sandra

1998-01-01

334

5 Keys to Effective Classroom Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When new teachers walk into their first classroom, they take on many new responsibilities, including establishing and enforcing classroom rules. Five simple guidelines can help new teachers develop an effective classroom management that reflects their teaching style.

Kimberly Kode

335

Editor's Roundtable: Classroom management � la Goldilocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Classroom management is a difficult balancing act. Like Goldilocks, teachers should sample all the classroom management techniques available to them to find the ones that are "just right" for their classroom. Therefore, teachers must quickly establish a c

Liftig, Inez

2009-07-01

336

Neal-Schuman Electronic Classroom Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses planning, designing, and implementing electronic classrooms. Chapters cover: (1) background, including the definition of electronic classrooms, classroom types, and justifications; (2) planning, including planners and the planning process; (3) gathering and analyzing information, including instructional needs assessment,…

Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke

337

Interactive dynamic aircraft scheduling  

E-print Network

Introducing recent advances in computer technology to improve aircraft scheduling is investigated. Incorporating interactive graphics, modern database manipulation techniques, and decision support algorithms, the computer ...

Deckwitz, Thomas Anthony

1984-01-01

338

Gain scheduling versus robust control of LPV systems: The output feedback case  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compare robust and gain scheduling control for continuous-time LPV systems. In the literature it has been shown that some duality properties as well as a separation principle hold for gain-scheduling control. This means that an LPV plant can be stabilized by a gain scheduling control law if and only if a proper gain scheduling LPV state observer and LPV

Franco Blanchini; Stefano Miani

2010-01-01

339

Influences on Cocaine Tolerance Assessed under a Multiple Conjunctive Schedule of Reinforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under multiple schedules of reinforcement, previous research has generally observed tolerance to the rate-decreasing effects of cocaine that has been dependent on schedule-parameter size in the context of fixed-ratio (FR) schedules, but not under the context of fixed-interval (FI) schedules of reinforcement. The current experiment examined the…

Yoon, Jin Ho; Branch, Marc N.

2009-01-01

340

Integrating Quantitative and Ethnographic Methods to Describe the Classroom. Report No. 5083.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The debate between proponents of ethnographic and quantitative methodology in classroom observation is reviewed, and the respective strengths and weaknesses of the two approaches are discussed. These methodologies are directly compared in a study that conducted simultaneous ethnographic and quantitative observations on nine classrooms. It is…

Malitz, David; And Others

341

Banzhuren and Classrooming: Democracy in the Chinese Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of education and democracy has become more and more important in China. This paper firstly explains the theory of democracy in Chinese classrooms, and then focuses on the Chinese banzhuren who is responsible for classrooming, an important educational area equal to instruction. We illustrate how Chinese students achieve development…

Li, Jiacheng; Chen, Jing

2013-01-01

342

Development and Application of the Elementary School Science Classroom Environment Scale (ESSCES): Measuring Student Perceptions of Constructivism within the Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development, validation and application of a Rasch-based instrument, the Elementary School Science Classroom Environment Scale (ESSCES), for measuring students' perceptions of constructivist practices within the elementary science classroom. The instrument, designed to complement the Reformed Teaching Observation

Peoples, Shelagh M.; O'Dwyer, Laura M.; Wang, Yang; Brown, Jessica J.; Rosca, Camelia V.

2014-01-01

343

Remote Observational Techniques in Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to observe celestial objects remotely is making a major impact into classroom access to astronomical instrumentation previously impossible to encorporate into curriculum. Two programs, Radio Jove and Telescopes In Education have made important contributions in this field. Radio JOVE is an interactive, hands-on, educational activity for learning the scientific method through the medium of radio observations of Jupiter, the Sun, and the galactic radio background. Students build radio receivers from relatively inexpensive non-profit kits (about \\$125 plus shipping) and use them to record data, analyze the data, and share the results with others. Alternatively, for no cost, the students can record and analyze data from remote radio receivers connected to the web. The projects are useful adjuncts to activities in optical observing since students should recognize that we learn about the universe through more than just the optical spectrum. The projects are mini-electronics courses and also teach about charged particles and magnetic fields. The Radio JOVE web site (http://radiojove.gsfc.nasa.gov) should be consulted for further information. The NASA-sponsored Telescopes In Education (TIE) network (http://tie.jpl.nasa.gov) has been wildly successful in engaging the K-12 education community in real-time, hands-on, interactive astronomy activities. Hundreds of schools in the US, Australia, Canada, England, and Japan have participated in the TIE program, remotely controlling the 24-inch telescope at the Mount Wilson Observatory from their classrooms. In recent years, several (approximately 20 to date) other telescopes have been, or are in the process of being, outfitted for remote use as TIE affiliates. These telescopesare integrated seamlessly into one virtual observatory providing the services required to operate this facility, including a scheduling service, tools for data manipulation, an online proposal review environment, an online "Virtual TIE Student Ap J" for publication of results, and access to related educational materials provided by the TIE community.

Thieman, J.; Mayo, L.

2002-09-01

344

Agriculture in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Agriculture in the Classroom is a grassroots program coordinated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This site contains state information about agriculture, a kids page with games and information, agriculture science project topics, lesson plans for agriculture and geography, quizzes to test agriculture literacy and links for more information. The goal of this program is to help students gain a greater awareness of the role of agriculture in the economy and society, so that they may become citizens who support wise agricultural policies. The program is carried out in each state, according to state needs and interests, by individuals representing farm organizations, agribusiness, education and government.

345

The Physics Classroom: Waves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page contains an in-depth tutorial on the properties and behavior of waves, suitable for beginning students of physics. It features multiple animations to accompany the text, plus self-guided question-and-answer sets. Included is a discussion of the nature and anatomy of waves, how wave energy is transported, and an overview of standing waves and harmonic patterns. This item is part of The Physics Classroom, a web-based collection of tutorials for high school physics students.

Henderson, Tom

2009-02-12

346

Geoboards in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource for teachers presents the geoboard as a conceptual tool to help students gain a sense of geometric shape and area. The suggested activities range from an introduction of a concept, to extended student exploration of shapes and area using the geoboard. The teacher is fully supported with a list of materials needed, discussion guides and classroom activities for investigating length and area, and sample pages of dot paper to print. Explanations of the Pythagorean theorem, Pick's area theorem, and area formulas for 2-dimensional shapes are provided. Five lesson plans focus on lines, squares, rectangles, parallelograms, and right triangles. A bibliography is included.

Tom Scavo

2001-10-12

347

Slime: Classroom Demonstration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Materials Education Resource Center has provided this hands on lab activity created by Andrew Nydam and Debbie Goodwin. The activity demonstrates property change due to crosslinking in slime formed from mixing PVA and Borax solution. This lab will teach the students the important concepts of plastic flow vs. elastic flow, hydrogen bonding, and viscosity. This pdf document provides instructions for the instructor, recommendations to ensure the experiment goes smoothly for both students and teacher, and an evaluation packet for the students to complete once the lab is finished. All in all, this is a fun and education tool for any high school or community college science classroom.

Goodwin, Debbie; Nydam, Andrew

2010-08-06

348

The Case for Smart Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smart classrooms are just as popular on other community college campuses. Through a combination of PowerPoint presentations, videos, Web pages, and other technologies, faculty can engage students using multimedia to create a richer, more compelling learning experience. This article talks about the use of smart classrooms and the educational…

Wong, Wylie

2008-01-01

349

Bringing Globalization into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the most effective resources for bringing the concept of globalization into the classroom is through the personal and professional experiences of the classroom teacher, the personal experiences of students from diverse cultures, the inclusion of curriculum activities with a global context, and the involvement of guest speakers with global…

Billings, Nancy Carter

2006-01-01

350

Mentoring in the Art Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring in classrooms allows teachers the opportunity to be motivational tools in the lives of students while operating as role models. The current research shows that mentoring in the art classroom provides stimulation and the momentum to students who are less motivated with creative assignments. The first part of this study looks at the…

Green, Denise; Mitchell, Timothy; Taylor, Patrick

2011-01-01

351

Working Alliances in College Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I explain how professors can establish working alliances with students to cultivate a climate conducive to learning. This process involves (a) attending to the emotional bonds that exist in the college classroom, (b) developing shared educational goals and tasks to promote a common sense of purpose, and (c) addressing classroom conflict to repair…

Meyers, Steven A.

2008-01-01

352

Speech Perception in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how poor room acoustics can make speech inaudible and presents a speech-perception model demonstrating the linkage between adequacy of classroom acoustics and the development of a speech and language systems. It argues both aspects must be considered when evaluating barriers to listening and learning in a classroom.…

Smaldino, Joseph J.; Crandell, Carl C.

1999-01-01

353

Mendel in the Modern Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mendel is an icon in the history of genetics and part of our common culture and modern biology instruction. The aim of this paper is to summarize the place of Mendel in the modern biology classroom. In the present article we will identify key issues that make Mendel relevant in the classroom today. First, we recount some of the historical…

Smith, Mike U.; Gericke, Niklas M.

2015-01-01

354

Nurturing Creativity in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Nurturing Creativity in the Classroom" is a groundbreaking collection of essays by leading scholars, who examine and respond to the tension that many educators face in valuing student creativity but believing that they cannot support it given the curricular constraints of the classroom. Is it possible for teachers to nurture creative development…

Beghetto, Ronald A., Ed.; Kaufman, James C., Ed.

2010-01-01

355

Fight Obesity in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. health experts declared obesity an epidemic over a decade ago. Schools have tried to implement prevention programs for students, but as budgets shrink, educating students about obesity is increasingly falling to classroom instructors, including science teachers. The good news is that obesity-related classroom activities can be engaging, and…

Bratsis, Michael E.

2012-01-01

356

Hazard Maps in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes the use of geophysical hazard maps and illustrates how they can be used in the classroom from kindergarten to college level. Depicts ways that hazard maps of floods, landslides, earthquakes, volcanoes, and multi-hazards can be integrated into classroom instruction. Tells how maps may be obtained. (SLM)

Cross, John A.

1988-01-01

357

NCI-Frederick PHL - Scheduling  

Cancer.gov

Services Price List Courier Services & Shipment Procedures Scheduling Contact Information Related Links Establishing an Account PHL Forms PHL Portal Scheduling Project scheduling will depend on the type, scope and size of the project. Detailed information

358

The Effect of Immersion Scheduling on Academic Performance and Students' Ratings of Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decades, little research has investigated the effects of immersion scheduling on the psychology classroom. Therefore, we sought to compare academic performance of students in 2-week immersion psychology courses to that of students in traditional 16-week courses. In Study 1, students who received instruction in a 2-week immersion…

Richmond, Aaron S.; Murphy, Bridget C.; Curl, Layton S.; Broussard, Kristin A.

2015-01-01

359

Implementation of a Posted Schedule to Increase Class-Wide Interobserver Agreement Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the impact of an antecedent intervention in the form of a daily posted schedule on the interobserver agreement (IOA) assessment of educational goals implemented within a classroom at a private school serving individuals with disabilities. During baseline, the percentage of academic goals with interobserver agreement…

Doucette, Stefanie; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D.; Maguire, Helena; Marquardt, Heidi

2012-01-01

360

Course Scheduling to Find the Minimum Cost Set of Facilities Required.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of determining the quantity of classroom, laboratories and instructors to train sections of students attending numerous distinct courses in a school such as the Fleet Ballistic Missile School is considered. A procedure is developed for determining feasible schedules in order to graduate a fixed number of trainees over time while…

Seccatore, Luis A.

361

Young Scientist in Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bringing space exploration recent results and future challenges and opportunities to the knowledge of students has been a preoccupation of educators and space agencies for quite some time. The will to foster student’s interest and reawaken their interest for science topics and in particular research is something occupying the minds of educators in all corners of the globe. But the challenge is growing literally at the speed of light. We are in the age of “Big Data”. Information is available, opportunities to build smart algorithms flourishing. The problem at hand is how we are going to make use of all this possibilities. How can we prepare students to the challenges already upon them? How can we create a scientifically literate and conscious new generation? They are the future of mankind and therefore this is a priority and should quickly be recognized as such. Empowering teachers for this challenge is the key to face the challenges and hold the opportunities. Teachers and students need to learn how to establish fruitful collaboration in the pursuit of meaningful teaching and learning experiences. Teachers need to embrace the opportunities this ICT world is offering and accompany student’s path as tutors and not as explorers themselves. In this training session we intend to explore tools and repositories that bring real cutting edge science to the hands of educators and their students. A full space exploration will be revealed. Planetarium Software - Some tools tailored to prepare an observing session or to explore space mission’s results will be presented in this topic. Participants will also have the opportunity to learn how to plan an observing session. This reveals to be an excellent tool to teach about celestial movements and give students a sense of what it means to explore for instance the Solar System. Robotic Telescopes and Radio Antennas - Having planned an observing session the participants will be introduced to the use of robotic telescopes, a very powerful tool that allows educators to address a diversity of topics ranging from ICT tools to the Exploration of our Universe. Instead of using traditional methods to teach about certain subjects for instance: stellar spectra, extra-solar planets or the classification of galaxies, they can use these powerful tools. Among other advantages a clear benefit of such tool is that teachers can use telescopes during regular classroom hours, provided they choose one located in the opposite part of the planet, where it is night time. Participants will also have the opportunity to use one of the radio antennas devoted for education from the EUHOU Consortium (European Hands-on Universe). A map of the arms of our galaxy will be built during the training session. Image Processing - After acquiring the images participants will be introduced to Salsa J, an image processing software that allows educators to explore the potential of astronomical images. The first example will be a simple measurement task: measuring craters on the Moon. Further exploration will guide them from luminosity studies to the construction of colour images, from making movies exhibiting the circular motion of the Sun to Jupiter Moons dance around the planet. e-learning repositories - In the ICT age it is very important that educators have support and know where to find meaningful and curriculum adapted resources for the construction of modern lessons. Some repositories will be presented in this session. Examples of such repositories are: Discover the Cosmos and EUHOU or a congregator of such repositories with quite advanced possibilities to support the work of teachers, the Open Discovery Space portal. This type of sessions are being successfully implemented by the Galileo Teacher Training Program team in Portugal under the scope of the EC funded GO-LAB project. This is a project devoted to demonstrate innovative ways to involve teachers and students in e-Science through the use of virtual labs, that simulate experiments, in order to spark young people’s interest in science and in following scie

Doran, Rosa

362

Toward the virtual classroom  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) encourages its employees to remotely attend classes given by Stanford University, University of California at Davis, and the National Technological University (NTU). To improve the quality of education for LLNL employees, we are cooperating with Stanford University in upgrading the Stanford Instructional Television Network (SITN). A dedicated high-speed communication link (Tl) between Stanford and LLNL will be used for enhanced services such as videoconferencing, real time classnotes distribution, and electronic distribution of homework assignments. The new network will also allow students to take classes from their offices with the ability to ask the professor questions via an automatically dialed telephone call. As part of this upgrade, we have also proposed a new videoconferencing based classroom environment where students taking remote classes would feel as though they are attending the live class. All paperwork would be available in near real time and students may converse normally with, and see, other remote students as though they were all in the same physical location. We call this the Virtual Classroom.'' 1 ref., 6 figs.

Pihlman, M.; Dirks, D.H.

1990-01-03

363

When a Classroom Is Not Just a Classroom: Building Digital Playgrounds in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of classroom, it is possible to create a playground with digital technology beneficial for learning in spite of rising enthusiasm in incorporating educational games in classroom. This paper is an essay to describe a learning playground called Digital Learning Playground (DLP). It is essentially an application of digital technology…

Chen, Gwo-Dong; Chuang, Chi-Kuo; Nurkhamid; Liu, Tzu-Chien

2012-01-01

364

Pneumococcal vaccination in Europe: schedule adherence.  

PubMed

Nonadherence to recommended pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) schedules may have implications for protection against pneumococcal disease. In this commentary, we have assessed adherence to the recommended dosing schedules (the completion of the primary PCV and booster series) in different European countries. We found that adherence with the PCV schedule was lower than that for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) and that higher adherence was observed in countries where PCV vaccination is recommended and funded. Adherence with the booster dose is often lower than that with the primary series completion, and it is often given after the recommended age. These data highlight the need to encourage timely vaccination of children with PCV, in line with local immunization schedules. There is no single solution to improve adherence; actions need to be tailored to the context of individual countries through initiatives at the national, regional, and local levels and should target different stakeholders. PMID:24746990

Gervaix, Alain; Ansaldi, Filippo; Brito-Avô, António; Azzari, Chiara; Knuf, Markus; Martinón-Torres, Federico; Tuerlinckx, David; Tin Htar, Myint Tin; Syrogiannopoulos, George A

2014-05-01

365

Chandra mission scheduling on-orbit experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scheduling observatory time to maximize both day-to-day science target integration time and the lifetime of the observatory is a formidable challenge. Furthermore, it is not a static problem. Of course, every schedule brings a new set of observations, but the boundaries of the problem change as well. As spacecraft ages, its capabilities may degrade. As in-flight experience grows, capabilities may expand. As observing programs are completed, the needs and expectations of the science community may evolve. Changes such as these impact the rules by which a mission scheduled. In eight years on orbit, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory Mission Planning process has adapted to meet the challenge of maximizing day-to-day and mission lifetime science return, despite a consistently evolving set of scheduling constraints. The success of the planning team has been achieved, not through the use of complex algorithms and optimization routines, but through processes and home grown tools that help individuals make smart short term and long term Mission Planning decisions. This paper walks through the processes and tools used to plan and produce mission schedules for the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Nominal planning and scheduling, target of opportunity response, and recovery from on-board autonomous safing actions are all addressed. Evolution of tools and processes, best practices, and lessons learned are highlighted along the way.

Bucher, Sabina; Williams, Brent; Pendexter, Misty; Balke, David

2008-07-01

366

NASA Schedule Management Handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of schedule management is to provide the framework for time-phasing, resource planning, coordination, and communicating the necessary tasks within a work effort. The intent is to improve schedule management by providing recommended concepts, processes, and techniques used within the Agency and private industry. The intended function of this handbook is two-fold: first, to provide guidance for meeting the scheduling requirements contained in NPR 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements, NPR 7120.7, NASA Information Technology and Institutional Infrastructure Program and Project Requirements, NPR 7120.8, NASA Research and Technology Program and Project Management Requirements, and NPD 1000.5, Policy for NASA Acquisition. The second function is to describe the schedule management approach and the recommended best practices for carrying out this project control function. With regards to the above project management requirements documents, it should be noted that those space flight projects previously established and approved under the guidance of prior versions of NPR 7120.5 will continue to comply with those requirements until project completion has been achieved. This handbook will be updated as needed, to enhance efficient and effective schedule management across the Agency. It is acknowledged that most, if not all, external organizations participating in NASA programs/projects will have their own internal schedule management documents. Issues that arise from conflicting schedule guidance will be resolved on a case by case basis as contracts and partnering relationships are established. It is also acknowledged and understood that all projects are not the same and may require different levels of schedule visibility, scrutiny and control. Project type, value, and complexity are factors that typically dictate which schedule management practices should be employed.

2011-01-01

367

Classroom Discourse of an Experienced Teacher of Indigenous Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will examine the discourse of one experienced teacher of Indigenous children in lessons observed as part of the Conductive Hearing Loss (CHL) project conducted by Edith Cowan University in Perth. In the classroom observed, all the children were Indigenous and the teacher was aware that some children were suffering from CHL. This…

Thwaite, Anne

2004-01-01

368

Real-Time Ocean Data in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To apply students' savvy internet skills in the science classroom--as well as capture their interest in science and investigation, and provide opportunities for authentic research--introduce them to real-time data from ocean-observing systems. Students can use data from these ocean-observing systems to discover the winds and waves from storms or…

Murray, Laura; Gibson, Deidre; Ward, Angela

2008-01-01

369

Operating Systems: CPU Scheduling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the University of Bridgeport provides the context and explanation for CPU scheduling mechanisms. It includes a rationale for context switching along with with pseudocode, and it explains the difference between non-preemptive versus preemptive scheduling. It offers visuals that could be incorporated into lectures analyzing various scheduling algorithms including first in first out (FIFO), round-robin, priority-based, shortest job first (SJF), and multilevel feedback queues. It includes an assignment as well as an online slideshow presentation. This site is applicable for technical/community college or university level computer science or engineering courses.

2009-08-10

370

Classroom Environment Instruments: Development, Validity and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few fields of educational research have such a rich diversity of valid, economical and widely-applicable assessment instruments as does the field of learning environments. This article describes nine major questionnaires for assessing student perceptions of classroom psychosocial environment (the Learning Environment Inventory, Classroom Environment Scale, Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire, My Class Inventory, College and University Classroom Environment Inventory, Questionnaire on

Barry J. Fraser

1998-01-01

371

The Effectiveness of Classroom Capture Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of classroom capture systems (systems that capture audio and video footage of a lecture and attempt to replicate a classroom experience) is becoming increasingly popular at the university level. However, research on the effectiveness of classroom capture systems in the university classroom has been limited due to the recent development and…

Ford, Maire B.; Burns, Colleen E.; Mitch, Nathan; Gomez, Melissa M.

2012-01-01

372

Physical Science Connected Classrooms: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case-study descriptions of secondary and middle school classrooms in diverse contexts provide examples of how teachers implement connected classroom technology to facilitate formative assessment in science instruction. Connected classroom technology refers to a networked system of handheld devices designed for classroom use. Teachers were…

Irving, Karen; Sanalan, Vehbi; Shirley, Melissa

2009-01-01

373

Trout in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trout in the Classroom (TIC) is a conservation-oriented environmental education program for elementary, middle, and high school students. During the year each teacher tailors the program to fit his or her curricular needs. Therefore, each TIC program is unique. TIC has interdisciplinary applications in science, social studies, mathematics, language arts, fine arts, and physical education. In the program, students and teachers raise trout from fertilized eggs supplied by Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VGIF) hatcheries, in aquariums equipped with special chillers designed to keep the water near 50 degrees F. The students make daily temperature measurements, and monitor pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, and ammonia levels. They record their data, plot trends, and make sure that the water quality is sufficient to support trout development. The fingerlings, which hatch in late October, are almost an inch and a half long by mid-January. And towards the end of the school year, students will release the fry into VGIF approved watersheds. TIC programs have been in place all across the country for more than 20 years, and are the result of numerous collaborations between teachers, volunteers, government agencies, and local organizations like Trout Unlimited. The programs were designed specifically for teachers who wanted to incorporate more environmental education into their curriculum. While the immediate goal of Trout in the Classroom is to increase student knowledge of water quality and cold water conservation, its long-term goal is to reconnect an increasingly urbanized population of youth to the system of streams, rivers, and watersheds that sustain them. Successful programs have helped: connect students to their local environments and their local watersheds; teach about watershed health and water quality, and; get students to care about fish and the environment. In Virginia, the TIC program is now in its 8th year. Over the past year, the program experienced an amazing growth spurt. Thanks to AEP and Dominion grants and chapter fundraising efforts, we now have more than 200 classrooms throughout the state, ranging from elementary school through high school.

Heath, Thomas

2014-05-01

374

Are accidents scheduled. [safety management problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two major sets of safety problems associated with project scheduling are examined. The first set involves problems resulting from the improper scheduling of the safety tasks. The second involves problems which result from inadequate attention to scheduling of those project tasks which lead to tests and operations and includes condensed schedules, modified schedules, schedule workarounds, eliminated portions of the schedules and strung out schedules.

Childs, C.

1976-01-01

375

Chapter 14 Work Schedule 14.01 Alternative Work Schedules  

E-print Network

Chapter 14 Work Schedule 14.01 Alternative Work Schedules · Policy The University of Wisconsin-Madison supports the use of alternative work schedules by full- time or part-time classified employees when participate in an alternative work schedule experiment unless the employee is specifically excluded

Sheridan, Jennifer

376

Newseum: Digital Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you can't get to the Newseum in Washington, D.C., you'll definitely want to check out its Digital Classroom. Created to help bring the "First Amendment to life for students," the site contains primary sources, interactives, videos, and lesson plans for everyone. From the homepage, visitors can make their way through areas that include Modules, Video Lessons, Primary Sources, and Standards of Learning. The Video Lessons area contains twelve different wonderful programs, including "The Berlin Wall and the Press" and "The Digital Revolution." Moving on, the Modules provide a thoughtful look at how the First Amendment shaped the civil rights movement and the 2012 Election. Finally, the site includes a rich Primary Sources area which includes newspaper front pages from the Civil War along with 30 artifacts from the struggle to secure women's rights in the United States.

377

Classroom Assessment Techniques: Portfolios  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page describes the use of portfolios as an assessment tool. It is one of a series of Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) provided by the Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAG) website. The CATs of FLAG were constructed as a resource for science, technology, engineering and mathematics instructors to emphasize deeper levels of learning and to give instructors valuable feedback during a course. This site provides an overview of what portfolios are, how and when to use them, and why they are useful for assessing student understanding. The site is also linked to a set of discipline-specific "tools" that can be downloaded for immediate use, as well as supplementary links and sources to further explore this assessment tool.

Slater, Timothy F.; The National Institute for Science Education; College Level One Team

378

Neuroscience & the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Neuroscience continues to attract a range of scientists and researchers, and more and more schools are incorporating at least a basic discussion of this area of science into their curriculum. This educational series produced by the Science Media Group at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics along with several other organizations offers 42 video segments for classroom use. The website also includes an online textbook, a glossary, and a course guide. The program titles include "Measuring Emotional Response to Physics," "Music and Emotion," and "Empathy." Visitors shouldn't miss the "Success Story" area, as they can learn about researchers who have made substantial contributions to neuroscience. Overall, it's an impressive collection of educational materials, and one that is well worth passing along to fellow educators.

379

The Social Network Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networking is an important part in the everyday life of college students. Despite the increasing popularity of online social networking among students and faculty members, its educational benefits are largely untested. This paper presents our experience in using social networking applications and video content distribution websites as a complement of traditional classroom education. In particular, the solution has been based on effective adaptation, extension and integration of Facebook, Twitter, Blogger YouTube and iTunes services for delivering educational material to students on mobile platforms like iPods and 3 rd generation mobile phones. The goals of the proposed educational platform, described in this paper, are to make the learning experience more engaging, to encourage collaborative work and knowledge sharing among students, and to provide an interactive platform for the educators to reach students and deliver lecture material in a totally new way.

Bunus, Peter

380

Demos: Scheduling Hourly Workers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a world of just-in-time production and flexible scheduling, a number of scholars and policy analysts are beginning to examine these specific business practices. In March 2011, the Demos organization published a paper as part of their series with the magazine "The American Prospect" that looks into the world of what is called "workplace flexibility." The 22-page paper is by Nancy K. Cauthen, and it looks at how scheduling flexibility might actually be very problematic for low-wage workers. The paper posits that most low-wage workers would probably benefit from "more predictability and stability within fluid schedules," as they need more advance notice to plan for child care and transportation. The resulting schedule changes may in fact also cause "tremendous chaos and stress" for these workers' children as well. Visitors will find much to think about in this paper, including its concluding remarks, which offer a set of timely policy recommendations.

Cauthen, Nancy K.

381

Immunization Schedules for Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... Immunize? Vaccines: The Basics Vaccines Home Share Compartir Immunization Schedules for Adults in Easy-to-read Formats ... never outgrow the need for vaccines. The specific immunizations you need as an adult are determined by ...

382

NASA Television Schedules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online television schedule provides listings of NASA's televised programming, including mission coverage, educational shows, and historical programs. A link is provided to a list of organizations that transmit NASA television to the World Wide Web.

383

Learning to Estimate Slide Comprehension in Classrooms with Support Vector Machines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehension assessment is an essential tool in classroom learning. However, the judgment often relies on experience of an instructor who makes observation of students' behavior during the lessons. We argue that students should report their own comprehension explicitly in a classroom. With students' comprehension made available at the slide…

Pattanasri, N.; Mukunoki, M.; Minoh, M.

2012-01-01

384

Literacy in the Early Years: Teaching and learning in multilingual early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I describe and analyse some of the literacy events and practices taking place in a selection of multilingual early childhood (Reception Class and Grade 1) classrooms in Cape Town. The work forms part of a larger multilingual education project being carried out by PRAESA. I use descriptions of my observations of classroom activities and conversations with teachers

Carole Bloch

1999-01-01

385

Exploring Bilinguals' Social Use of Language inside and out of the Minority Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines bilingual children's use of language inside and out of the minority language classroom. A total of 145 children between 8 and 11 years of age, attending 16 bilingual Welsh-English primary schools in North Wales, responded to questionnaires (supplemented by classroom observations) requesting information about their language…

Thomas, Enlli Mon; Roberts, Dylan Bryn

2011-01-01

386

Signs and Wonders: The Negotiation of Literacy in Community College Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the literacy practices in community colleges, comparing literacy practices in occupational/technical classrooms with those in academic/liberal arts classrooms. "Literacy" is taken to mean both reading and writing and to include texts that are non-verbal--graphic or symbolic. The study was carried out by 8 researchers observing

Worthen, Helena Harlow

387

Gozitan Dialects in the Classroom and Language Awareness for Learner Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linguistic evidence shows that the dialects of Maltese present on the islands of Malta and Gozo are distinct from Standard Maltese (SM) on all linguistic levels. This article describes the dialectal reality in Gozo and inside Gozitan classrooms on the basis of data collected through classroom observation and interviews. The emphasis on the use of…

Camilleri Grima, Antoinette; Buttigieg, Linda; Xerri, Jessica

2013-01-01

388

Teacher Management of Elementary Classroom Social Dynamics: Associations with Changes in Student Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and students in 54 elementary school classrooms (first, third, and fifth grades) participated in a multi-method longitudinal study of classroom social dynamics. At each of three assessments within a single school year, observers rated teacher-student interaction quality, students completed sociometric assessments and reported on their…

Gest, Scott D.; Madill, Rebecca A.; Zadzora, Kathleen M.; Miller, Aaron M.; Rodkin, Philip C.

2014-01-01

389

Cognitive Apprenticeship in Computer-Mediated Feedback: Creating a Classroom Environment to Increase Feedback and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study of 1 teacher and 10 students in an Advanced Placement English class explores the role of computer-mediated feedback in the creation of a classroom learning environment that was supported through hybrid learning experiences. Data sources included classroom observations, online conversations, interviews with 10 high…

Boling, Erica C.; Beatty, Jeanine

2010-01-01

390

Changes in Patterns of Teacher Interaction in Primary Classrooms: 1976-96.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the effectiveness of teaching methods in English primary school classrooms. Evaluates the interventions designed to change primary educators' teaching methods by replicating the Observational Research and Classroom Learning Evaluation (ORACLE) study that was originally conducted in 1976. Compares the results from the original study to…

Galton, Maurice; Hargreaves, Linda; Comber, Chris; Wall, Debbie; Pell, Tony

1999-01-01

391

Finding balance: impact of classroom management conceptions on developing teacher practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sociocultural perspective on teacher learning was used to investigate how three beginning teachers’ conceptions of classroom management affected their developing teaching practices. Students were followed from student teaching through their first 2 years of teaching. Data sources included interviews, classroom observations, and teacher education portfolios. Although all three teachers shared common conceptions of management as establishing positive learning environments,

Susan D. Martin

2004-01-01

392

Understanding the Role of Technology in a Secondary School Social Studies Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has shown that technology is extremely important when used in the classroom because it enhances student learning. It is imperative that teachers learn the best practices for use of technology in the classroom. Using interviews, questionnaires, and observations with social studies teachers in a rural school district in Central New…

Gardner, Jacob D.

2011-01-01

393

In-Depth Analysis of Handwriting Curriculum and Instruction in Four Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of handwriting curriculum and instructional practices in actual classrooms was investigated in an in-depth case study of four inner city kindergarten classrooms using quantitative and qualitative methods. The handwriting proficiency of students was also evaluated to assess the impact of the instructional practices observed. The…

Vander Hart, Nanho; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Cortesa, Cathryn

2010-01-01

394

About Creativity, Giftedness, and Teaching the Creatively Gifted in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this case study the author explored a teacher's beliefs about creativity and giftedness and investigated the classroom practices of this teacher of gifted students for 20 years. Seven semi-structured and 2 open observations were carried out in her classroom, and 2 prefigured interviews were conducted with her. She believed that creative…

Sak, Ugur

2004-01-01

395

Seeing the Light: A Classroom-Sized Pinhole Camera Demonstration for Teaching Vision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe a classroom-sized pinhole camera demonstration (camera obscura) designed to enhance students' learning of the visual system. The demonstration consists of a suspended rear-projection screen onto which the outside environment projects images through a small hole in a classroom window. Students can observe these images in a darkened…

Prull, Matthew W.; Banks, William P.

2005-01-01

396

Biology Teacher's Flipped Classroom: "A Simple Thing, But It's so Powerful"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carolyn Durley is a veteran Biology teacher who adopted the Flipped Classroom in the 2011-2012 school year, the same year as Graham Johnson adopted it for Math. They both teach in Okanagan Mission Secondary School in Kelowna , B.C. This paper offers Durley's observations regarding her adoption of Flipped Classroom. She narrates her teaching…

Pearson, George

2012-01-01

397

Education for Sustainable Development: Liberation or Indoctrination? An Assessment of Faculty Members' Attitudes and Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes and classroom practices of environmental science faculty members in Jordanian universities. Mix data collection methodology was employed to collect data in this study. In addition to the developed survey, several participants' interviews and classroom observations were conducted with…

Qablan, Ahmad Mohammad; Al-Ruz, Jamal Abu; Khasawneh, Samer; Al-Omari, Aieman

2009-01-01

398

Circle Time: An Exploratory Study of Activities and Challenging Behavior in Head Start Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine circle time activities in eight Head Start classrooms. A total of 7 h of observations occurred in eight classrooms. Songs and academic activities were the most frequently occurring activities. Challenging behavior during circle time also was examined. The three activities with the highest…

Zaghlawan, Hasan Y.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.

2011-01-01

399

The Emergence of Student Creativity in Classroom Settings: A Case Study of Elementary Schools in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the emergence of student creativity in classroom settings, specifically within two content areas: science and social studies. Fourteen classrooms in three elementary schools in Korea were observed, and the teachers and students were interviewed. The three types of student creativity emerging in the teaching and learning…

Cho, Younsoon; Chung, Hye Young; Choi, Kyoulee; Seo, Choyoung; Baek, Eunjoo

2013-01-01

400

The Utility of Interaction Analysis for Generalizing Characteristics of Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Validating and generalizing from holistic observation protocols of classroom practice have proven difficult. These tools miss crucial classroom characteristics, like the type of instruction, the organization of learners, and the level of cognitive engagement that occur differentially in the time span of a lesson. As a result, this study examined…

Crippen, Kent J.; Sangueza, Cheryl R.

2013-01-01

401

Classroom acoustics II: Acoustical conditions in elementary school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classrooms were relatively similar to wch other in room volume and interior finishes. The floors were carpeted. The ceilings were acoustical ceiling tile with an NRC estimated to be 0.504.60. The walls were painted masonry. One wall was typi~lly an exterior wall that had windows from desk height to the ceiling. Hti of the classrooms had central air+onditioning systems.

Martin A. Gold; Hee Won Lee; Gary W. Siebein; Mitchell Lehde; John Ashby; Michael Ermann; Mary Jo Hasell; Philip Abbott; Carl C. Crandell

1998-01-01

402

Remind: Safe Classroom Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Not just for teachers! This handy app allows organizers of all kinds to send safe, easy, and free one-way messages to groups and individuals. Phone numbers are kept private. Teachers, coaches, club leaders, and others use the service to schedule reminders, assignments, homework, assessments, and motivational messages directly to studentsâÂÂ, parentsâÂÂ, and group membersâ phones. This app is designed for iPhone and iPad users running iOS 6.0 or later.

2014-08-28

403

Polynomial optimization techniques for activity scheduling. Optimization based prototype scheduler  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Polynomial optimization techniques for activity scheduling (optimization based prototype scheduler) are presented in the form of the viewgraphs. The following subject areas are covered: agenda; need and viability of polynomial time techniques for SNC (Space Network Control); an intrinsic characteristic of SN scheduling problem; expected characteristics of the schedule; optimization based scheduling approach; single resource algorithms; decomposition of multiple resource problems; prototype capabilities, characteristics, and test results; computational characteristics; some features of prototyped algorithms; and some related GSFC references.

Reddy, Surender

1991-01-01

404

Prototype resupply scheduler  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Resupply scheduling for the Space Station presents some formidable logistics problems. One of the most basic problems is assigning supplies to a series of shuttle resupply missions. A prototype logistics expert system which constructs resupply schedules was developed. This prototype is able to reconstruct feasible resupply plans. In addition, analysts can use the system to evaluate the impact of adding, deleting or modifying launches, cargo space, experiments, etc.

Tanner, Steve; Hughes, Angi; Byrd, Jim

1987-01-01

405

Packet Scheduling with Fragmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate a scheduling problem in a TDMA en- vironment where packets may be fragmented. Our model of the problem is derived from a scheduling problem present in data over CATV networks, where a slotted TDMA channel is used to carry both real-time and best-effort traffic. Packets of real-time flows have high priority and are allocated in fixed, periodically lo-

Nir Naaman; Raphael Rom

2002-01-01

406

Adaptive Scheduling Algorithms for Planet Searches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-precision radial velocity planet searches have surveyed over ~2000 nearby stars and detected over ~200 planets. While these same stars likely harbor many additional planets, they will become increasingly challenging to detect, as they tend to have relatively small masses and/or relatively long orbital periods. Therefore, observers are increasing the precision of their observations, continuing to monitor stars over decade timescales, and also preparing to survey thousands more stars. Given the considerable amounts of telescope time required for such observing programs, it is important to use the available resources as efficiently as possible. Previous studies have found that a wide range of predetermined scheduling algorithms results in planet searches with similar sensitivities. We have developed adaptive scheduling algorithms which have a solid basis in Bayesian inference and information theory and also are computationally feasible for modern planet searches. We have performed Monte Carlo simulations of plausible planet searches to test the power of adaptive scheduling algorithms. Our simulations demonstrate that planet searches performed with adaptive scheduling algorithms can simultaneously detect more planets, detect less massive planets, and measure orbital parameters more accurately than comparable surveys using a non-adaptive scheduling algorithm. We expect that these techniques will be particularly valuable for the N2K radial velocity planet search for short-period planets as well as future astrometric planet searches with the Space Interferometry Mission, which aim to detect terrestrial-mass planets.

Ford, Eric B.

2008-03-01

407

Grand Plan for Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two plans for classroom management are included under this topic: "Nine Ways Kids Need You and How You Can Manage to Meet those Needs" by Marva T. Dixon and "Routine Ways to Better Your Teaching" by Jane Bluestein. (JMK)

Instructor, 1983

1983-01-01

408

The Shrink in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four common anxiety disorders in children: Generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder and the teacher's role in recognizing and seeking treatment for these disorders inside and outside of the classroom. (PKP)

Schlozman, Steven C.

2002-01-01

409

Classroom Demonstrations of Polymer Principles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom demonstrations of selected mechanical properties of polymers are described that can be used to make quantitative measurements. Stiffness, strength, and extensibility are mechanical properties used to distinguish one polymer from another. (KR)

Rodriguez, F.

1990-01-01

410

Laura Candler's Classroom Management Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains links to information on effective classroom management strategies. Laura provides suggestions on developing and managing teams as well as building whole class community. She includes printables that support her management strategies.

2011-01-01

411

We're all in this together now: group performance feedback to increase classroom team data collection.  

PubMed

This study's primary goal was to evaluate the use of performance feedback procedures delivered to a classroom team to increase daily data collection. Performance feedback (PFB) was delivered to four classroom teams responsible for the daily collection of data representing student performance during prescribed instructional activities. Using a multiple-baseline design, the effects of the team performance-feedback were evaluated for the target student, and for generalization to data collection for all classroom students. A secondary question evaluated if student on-task behavior correlated with increased data collection. Finally, social validity was investigated to evaluate team satisfaction with the PFB intervention. The results demonstrate improved data collection across all four classroom teams for the target student in each classroom and generalization within classrooms to all remaining students. Slight increases in student on-task behavior were observed in three of the four classrooms, and teacher satisfaction ratings were high. PMID:21723998

Pellecchia, Melanie; Connell, James E; Eisenhart, Donald; Kane, Meghan; Schoener, Christine; Turkel, Kimberly; Riley, Megan; Mandell, David S

2011-08-01

412

Making Learning Real: Four Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Making Learning Real with Problem-Based Case Learning (PBCL) project, features four videos that highlight how PBCL is being used in different classrooms for authentic learning experiences. From website development for a local non-profit organization to partnerships with industry to solve real problems in network architecture, these experiences showcase the valuable approach that is PBCL and the benefits this approach can bring to a variety of classrooms.

2011-07-12

413

Automated Scheduling Via Artificial Intelligence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Artificial-intelligence software that automates scheduling developed in Operations Mission Planner (OMP) research project. Software used in both generation of new schedules and modification of existing schedules in view of changes in tasks and/or available resources. Approach based on iterative refinement. Although project focused upon scheduling of operations of scientific instruments and other equipment aboard spacecraft, also applicable to such terrestrial problems as scheduling production in factory.

Biefeld, Eric W.; Cooper, Lynne P.

1991-01-01

414

The application of artificial intelligence to astronomical scheduling problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Efficient utilization of expensive space- and ground-based observatories is an important goal for the astronomical community; the cost of modern observing facilities is enormous, and the available observing time is much less than the demand from astronomers around the world. The complexity and variety of scheduling constraints and goals has led several groups to investigate how artificial intelligence (AI) techniques might help solve these kinds of problems. The earliest and most successful of these projects was started at Space Telescope Science Institute in 1987 and has led to the development of the Spike scheduling system to support the scheduling of Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The aim of Spike at STScI is to allocate observations to timescales of days to a week observing all scheduling constraints and maximizing preferences that help ensure that observations are made at optimal times. Spike has been in use operationally for HST since shortly after the observatory was launched in Apr. 1990. Although developed specifically for HST scheduling, Spike was carefully designed to provide a general framework for similar (activity-based) scheduling problems. In particular, the tasks to be scheduled are defined in the system in general terms, and no assumptions about the scheduling timescale are built in. The mechanisms for describing, combining, and propagating temporal and other constraints and preferences are quite general. The success of this approach has been demonstrated by the application of Spike to the scheduling of other satellite observatories: changes to the system are required only in the specific constraints that apply, and not in the framework itself. In particular, the Spike framework is sufficiently flexible to handle both long-term and short-term scheduling, on timescales of years down to minutes or less. This talk will discuss recent progress made in scheduling search techniques, the lessons learned from early HST operations, the application of Spike to other problem domains, and plans for the future evolution of the system.

Johnston, Mark D.

1992-01-01

415

Constraint-based scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The GERRY scheduling system developed by NASA Ames with assistance from the Lockheed Space Operations Company, and the Lockheed Artificial Intelligence Center, uses a method called constraint-based iterative repair. Using this technique, one encodes both hard rules and preference criteria into data structures called constraints. GERRY repeatedly attempts to improve schedules by seeking repairs for violated constraints. The system provides a general scheduling framework which is being tested on two NASA applications. The larger of the two is the Space Shuttle Ground Processing problem which entails the scheduling of all the inspection, repair, and maintenance tasks required to prepare the orbiter for flight. The other application involves power allocation for the NASA Ames wind tunnels. Here the system will be used to schedule wind tunnel tests with the goal of minimizing power costs. In this paper, we describe the GERRY system and its application to the Space Shuttle problem. We also speculate as to how the system would be used for manufacturing, transportation, and military problems.

Zweben, Monte

1993-01-01

416

Exclusive Preference Develops Less Readily on Concurrent Ratio Schedules with Wheel-Running than with Sucrose Reinforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research suggested that allocation of responses on concurrent schedules of wheel-running reinforcement was less sensitive to schedule differences than typically observed with more conventional reinforcers. To assess this possibility, 16 female Long Evans rats were exposed to concurrent FR FR schedules of reinforcement and the schedule

Belke, Terry W.

2010-01-01

417

Tetrahymena in the classroom.  

PubMed

Tetrahymena has been a useful model in basic research in part due to the fact it is easy to grow in culture and exhibits a range of complex processes, all within a single cell. For these same reasons Tetrahymena has shown enormous potential as a teaching tool for fundamental principles of biology at multiple science education levels that can be integrated into K-12 classrooms and undergraduate and graduate college laboratory courses. These Tetrahymena-based teaching modules are inquiry-based experiences that are also effective at teaching scientific concepts, retaining students in science, and exciting students about the scientific process. Two learning communities have been developed that utilize Tetrahymena-based teaching modules. Advancing Secondary Science Education with Tetrahymena (ASSET) and the Ciliate Genomics Consortium (CGC) have developed modules for K-12 students and college-level curriculums, respectively. These modules range from addressing topics in ecology, taxonomy, and environmental toxicity to more advanced concepts in biochemistry, proteomics, bioinformatics, cell biology, and molecular biology. An overview of the current modules and their learning outcomes are discussed, as are assessment, dissemination, and sustainability strategies for K-12 and college-level curriculum. PMID:22444155

Smith, Joshua J; Wiley, Emily A; Cassidy-Hanley, Donna M

2012-01-01

418

NASA Classroom Bioreactor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Exploration of space provides a compelling need for cell-based research into the basic mechanisms that underlie the profound changes that occur in terrestrial life that is transitioned to low gravity environments. Toward that end, NASA developed a rotating bioreactor in which cells are cultured while continuously suspended in a cylinder in which the culture medium rotates with the cylinder. The randomization of the gravity vector accomplished by the continuous rotation, in a low shear environment, provides an analog of microgravity. Because cultures grown in bioreactors develop structures and functions that are much closer to those exhibited by native tissue than can be achieved with traditional culture methods, bioreactors have contributed substantially to advancing research in the fields of cancer, diabetes, infectious disease modeling for vaccine production, drug efficacy, and tissue engineering. NASA has developed a Classroom Bioreactor (CB) that is built from parts that are easily obtained and assembled, user-friendly and versatile. It can be easily used in simple school settings to examine the effect cultures of seeds or cells. An educational brief provides assembly instructions and lesson plans that describes activities in science, math and technology that explore free fall, microgravity, orbits, bioreactors, structure-function relationships and the scientific method.

Scully, Robert

2004-01-01

419

Aiming Schedule For Orbiting Astrometric Telescope  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report discusses schedule of observation times and aiming directions of proposed astrometric telescope facility mounted on Space Station in orbit around Earth. Primarily makes repeated observations of apparent positions of each of 127 selected stars with respect to distant reference stars in same field of view known to have unperturbed proper motions. Purpose of observations to detect motions of selected stars about centers of mass and to analyze harmonic content of motions to infer existence, number, masses, and orbital radii of planets.

Mascy, Alfred C.; Sobeck, Charlie

1991-01-01

420

Physics & Astronomy Open House Schedule UH Manoa Watanabe Hall  

E-print Network

Physics & Astronomy Open House Schedule UH Manoa Watanabe Hall 22 November 2014 0830 - 1245 *** Physics & Astronomy info. available at www.phys.hawaii.edu *** Welcome & Overview: Prof. Pui Lam in Physical Science 217 at 0830 ** schedules for groups 1 to 10 below for 0900-1100 ** **solar observing

421

Automated Long - Term Scheduling for the SOFIA Airborne Observatory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a joint US/German project to develop and operate a gyro-stabilized 2.5-meter telescope in a Boeing 747SP. SOFIA's first science observations were made in December 2010. During 2011, SOFIA accomplished 30 flights in the "Early Science" program as well as a deployment to Germany. The new observing period, known as Cycle 1, is scheduled to begin in 2012. It includes 46 science flights grouped in four multi-week observing campaigns spread through a 13-month span. Automation of the flight scheduling process offers a major challenge to the SOFIA mission operations. First because it is needed to mitigate its relatively high cost per unit observing time compared to space-borne missions. Second because automated scheduling techniques available for ground-based and space-based telescopes are inappropriate for an airborne observatory. Although serious attempts have been made in the past to solve part of the problem, until recently mission operations staff was still manually scheduling flights. We present in this paper a new automated solution for generating SOFIA long-term schedules that will be used in operations from the Cycle 1 observing period. We describe the constraints that should be satisfied to solve the SOFIA scheduling problem in the context of real operations. We establish key formulas required to efficiently calculate the aircraft course over ground when evaluating flight schedules. We describe the foundations of the SOFIA long-term scheduler, the constraint representation, and the random search based algorithm that generates observation and instrument schedules. Finally, we report on how the new long-term scheduler has been used in operations to date.

Civeit, Thomas

2013-01-01

422

Outline: CPU Scheduling Mechanisms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint slide show from an instructor with the Departmentof Computer Science at Florida State University offers an in-depth lecture notes for CPU scheduling mechanisms. Most notably, this presentation includes diagrams and logical flowcharts of CPU processes which would make the material easier to understand for instructors or students engaged in technical/community college or university level computer science or engineering courses. It provides an overview of scheduling criteria and explanation and comparison of first-come-first-served, shortest-job-next, priority and non-preemptive priority, deadline, real-time, compared with round robin CPU scheduling. Mathematical models and formulas are included along with efficiency graphs. The presentation also covers process thread context, context switching, and multilevel queues.

Liu, Xiuwen

2009-08-05

423

MESA: Mercator scheduler and archive system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed an observing scheduling and archive system for the 1.2 meter Mercator Telescope. The goal was to optimize the specific niche of this modern small telescope in observational astrophysics: the building-up of long-term time series of photometric or high-resolution spectroscopic data with appropriate sampling for any given scientific program. This system allows PIs to easily submit their technical requirements and keep track of the progress of the observing programmes. The scheduling system provides the observer with an optimal schedule for the night which takes into account the current observing conditions as well as the priorities and requirements of the programmes in the queue. The observer can conveniently plan an observing night but also quickly adapt it to changing conditions. The archiving system automatically processes new files as they are created, including reduced data. It extracts the metadata and performs the normalization. A user can query, inspect and retrieve observing data. The progress of individual programmes, including timeline and reduced data plots can be seen at any time. Our MESA project is based on free and open source software (FOSS) using the Python programming language. The system is fully integrated with the Mercator Observing Control System1 (MOCS).

Merges, Florian; Prins, Saskia; Pessemier, Wim; Raskin, Gert; Perez Padilla, Jesus; Van Winckel, Hans; Aerts, Conny

2012-09-01

424

Pressures of the Season: Classroom Quality in Baltimore Elementary Classes and Implications for Improving Instruction. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief presents findings from 347 observations conducted in 23 second and third grade classrooms over two years to paint a picture of the in-school experiences of students who had been first graders in eighth Baltimore City Public Schools in 2007-08. Using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), an observation instrument and protocol…

Baltimore Education Research Consortium, 2012

2012-01-01

425

Scheduling with genetic algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In many domains, scheduling a sequence of jobs is an important function contributing to the overall efficiency of the operation. At Boeing, we develop schedules for many different domains, including assembly of military and commercial aircraft, weapons systems, and space vehicles. Boeing is under contract to develop scheduling systems for the Space Station Payload Planning System (PPS) and Payload Operations and Integration Center (POIC). These applications require that we respect certain sequencing restrictions among the jobs to be scheduled while at the same time assigning resources to the jobs. We call this general problem scheduling and resource allocation. Genetic algorithms (GA's) offer a search method that uses a population of solutions and benefits from intrinsic parallelism to search the problem space rapidly, producing near-optimal solutions. Good intermediate solutions are probabalistically recombined to produce better offspring (based upon some application specific measure of solution fitness, e.g., minimum flowtime, or schedule completeness). Also, at any point in the search, any intermediate solution can be accepted as a final solution; allowing the search to proceed longer usually produces a better solution while terminating the search at virtually any time may yield an acceptable solution. Many processes are constrained by restrictions of sequence among the individual jobs. For a specific job, other jobs must be completed beforehand. While there are obviously many other constraints on processes, it is these on which we focussed for this research: how to allocate crews to jobs while satisfying job precedence requirements and personnel, and tooling and fixture (or, more generally, resource) requirements.

Fennel, Theron R.; Underbrink, A. J., Jr.; Williams, George P. W., Jr.

1994-01-01

426

A MOSAIC for the Science Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MOSAIC (Mesospheric Ozone System for Atmospheric Investigations in the Classroom) is a project to engage secondary and undergraduate students in authentic inquiry-based science learning using a network of inexpensive spectrometers monitoring the mesospheric ozone concentration. The MOSAIC system observes the 11 GHz emission line of ozone using electronics built around satellite television equipment. The possibilities for student investigation are broad and scientifically significant. MOSAIC observations have confirmed diurnal variations in mesospheric ozone concentration and detected semiannual variations that may be due to inter-hemispheric meridional circulation of water vapor. Possible future projects include monitoring the temperature of the mesosphere and correlations with the solar cycle. Students are also encouraged to design their own investigations with MOSAIC data. Early results have been reported in a major scientific journal, and further scientific progress is likely as future MOSAIC systems are deployed -- increasing the sensitivity and geographic coverage of the network. Complete teaching units, including slides, laboratory activities, background information, student worksheets, and conformance with national and Massachusetts educational standards, have been developed to integrate MOSAIC into a classroom environment. One unit introduces the layers of the atmosphere, Earth's energy balance, the greenhouse effect, processes of ozone creation and destruction, noctilucent clouds, heat transfer, the laws of thermodynamics, radio waves (including radio astronomy), and fluid behavior. A second unit, currently being tested in classrooms, uses the MOSAIC system to motivate and deepen understanding of a large portion of electromagnetism in a conceptual physics class. MOSAIC has also been used in a local high school chemistry class. MOSAIC is still in development and is funded by the National Science Foundation.

Fish, Vincent L.; Needles, M. M.; Rogers, A. E. E.; Costa, D.; Cadigan, J.; Clements, C.; May, S. K.

2011-01-01

427

Post LS1 schedule  

E-print Network

The scheduling limits for a typical long year taking into account technical stops, machine development, spe- cial physics runs are presented. An attempt is then made to outline a ten year post LS1 schedule taking into account the disparate requirements outlined in the previous talks in this session. The demands on the planned long shutdowns and the impact of these demands on their proposed length will be discussed. The option of using ion running as a pre-shutdown cool-down period will be addressed.

Lamont, M

2014-01-01

428

NASA revises shuttle schedule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new schedule for Space Shuttle missions and expendable launch vehicles (ELV's) calls for a 7-month delay in sending up the Hubble Space Telescope. NASA was forced to put off launching the telescope until February 1990 to keep the Magellan and Galileo missions within their narrow launch windows. The first post-Challenger shuttle launch is now scheduled for late this month. Discovery's most recent delays were due to a hydrogen leak discovered July 29 that has still not been corrected and an engine valve malfunction during an August 4 test fire.

Wainger, Lisa A.

429

Classroom Participation and Student-Faculty Interactions: Does Gender Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted an observational study to examine the effect of student and professor gender on college classroom participation and faculty-student interactions. A main effect for professor gender emerged, with more voluntary responses in female-taught classes. As the percentage of males present increased, overall voluntary responses and professor…

Tatum, Holly E.; Schwartz, Beth M.; Schimmoeller, Peggy A.; Perry, Nicole

2013-01-01

430

Teacher-Pupil Interaction in Bilingual Elementary School Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to explore further, and possibly extend, a conceptual model of teacher-student classroom interaction used initially in mono-lingual, segregated, public secondary school and college settings. The 4 verbal act modes in the model were called appraisal, prescriptive, informational, and questioning. This observational study…

Johnson, David L.

431

Notes from the Field: KERA in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1990-91 school year, an ongoing project has studied the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) in four rural Kentucky school districts. Study methods have included over 1,200 interviews with various stakeholders, observation of over 500 classroom instruction hours, and a comprehensive review of key documents. This…

Notes from the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, 2000

2000-01-01

432

An Approach to Functional Assessment in General Education Classroom Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present case illustration, teacher interviews, conditional probability analyses of direct observations, and brief teacher-implemented functional analyses are demonstrated to help practitioners learn an efficient and effective method for determining the function of problem behaviors exhibited in general education classrooms. Future…

Doggett, R. Anthony; Edwards, Ron P.; Moore, James W.; Tingstrom, Daniel H.; Wilczynski, Susan M.

2001-01-01

433

Literacy and the Science Classroom. Technical Report No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of three papers which explore aspects of language use in science classrooms descriptively and prescriptively, based on naturalistic and experimental observations. The discovery of the importance of the verbal mode of communication through involvement in creating computer-based activities is discussed. Papers include: (1)…

Bank Street Coll. of Education, New York, NY. Center for Children and Technology.

434

Effective Teaching Practices that Promote a Positive Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishing effective academic instruction, effective classroom management, and building relationships can all be accomplished with the application of observable and measurable practices. How an individual applies these practices will vary, yet common components of effective teaching are omnipresent. Across academic instruction, behavior…

MacSuga-Gage, Ashley S.; Simonsen, Brandi; Briere, Donald E.

2012-01-01

435

Fighting the Rip: Using Digital Texts in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study investigating the use of digital texts in schools serving low and middle/upper socioeconomic communities. It draws on theoretical notions of rhizomes from the work of Deleuze and Guattari to explain the network of relations that are formed in classrooms, and that form the context for a set of patterns observed when…

Honan, Eileen

2009-01-01

436

Questioning in Chinese University EL Classrooms: What Lies beyond It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a study examining classroom questioning behavior and its impacts on students' development. A triangulation was conducted to collect data: observations of nine university English lessons, semi-structured interviews with six teachers and focus group discussions with three groups of students. The data showed that…

Tan, Zhi

2007-01-01

437

The Columbia Classroom Environments Project.... Fifth Progress Report, May 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is organized into seven chapters. Chapter One, an Introduction by Joseph C. Grannis, includes the most relevant sections of the proposal made by the Columbia Classroom Environments Project (CCEP) to Project Follow Through in August 1970. Chapter Two is an Analysis of the Child Behavior Stream Observations from the Spring 1971 Study of…

Grannis, Joseph C.

438

Arts Integration: What Is Really Happening in the Elementary Classroom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researching how Arts Integration is practiced in a primary school, this article explores how elementary teachers understand, implement, and experience Arts Integration. Weaving together personal experiences, teacher interviews, focus group sessions, classroom observations, and written texts, I investigate how the arts are often devalued in Arts…

LaJevic, Lisa

2013-01-01

439

Classroom Interaction Patterns Among Black and White Boys and Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews published observational research that has addressed the impact of race and sex on student peer interactions and describes two studies that focused on the classroom behaviors of black and white sixth grade boys and girls. The studies were conducted in an urban middle school in the northeastern United States, a school that had…

Sagar, H. Andrew; Schofield, Janet W.

440

Exploring Teachers' Value Orientations in Literature and History Secondary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores teachers' observable value orientations in literature and history classrooms, wishing to investigate how teachers infuse their values into instructional settings through their conceptions of the taught subject, the process of making meaning, and their involvement in the process of value communication. Through consideration of…

Frydaki, Evangelia; Mamoura, Maria

2008-01-01

441

Confidentiality in Classroom Assessment Activities: Lessons from Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of classroom assessment is the improvement of student learning rather than the evaluation of teaching through observation. Many formative assessment techniques, including the group instructional feedback technique (GIFT), electronic mail feedback, and small group instructional diagnosis, carry an implicit or explicit promise of…

Pomerantz, Andrew M.; Santanello, Cathy R.; Kirn, Kim L.

2006-01-01

442

Using Fungi (the Almost-Forgotten Organisms) in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ideas are given for including fungi in classroom activities for high school biology students. A discussion on the science of taxonomy leads into a discussion on the position of fungi in the five kingdom classification scheme of organisms. Suggestions are given for observing their growth and development. (SA)

Madrazo, Gerry M., Jr.; Hounshell, Paul B.

1979-01-01

443

The Functions of Code-Switching in ELT Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Code switching is a widely observed phenomenon especially seen in multilingual and multicultural communities. In ELT classrooms, code switching comes into use either in the teachers' or the students' discourse. Although it is not favoured by many educators, one should have at least an understanding of the functions of switching between the native…

Sert, Olcay

2005-01-01

444

Error Management Behavior in Classrooms: Teachers' Responses to Student Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only a few studies have focused on how teachers deal with mistakes in actual classroom settings. Teachers' error management behavior was analyzed based on data obtained from direct (Study 1) and videotaped systematic observation (Study 2), and students' self-reports. In Study 3 associations between students' and teachers' attitudes towards…

Tulis, Maria

2013-01-01

445

Teachers' attitudes toward educational goals as reflected in classroom behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied some possible effects of the emerging trend to prefer progressive over traditional goals of education. Data were obtained from 261 3rd–6th grade teachers in Israel who had completed a questionnaire about educational goals and the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale and from classroom observations of 48 of the teachers. Variables studied included attitudes toward educational goals, expectations of achieving educational goals,

Liya Kremer

1978-01-01

446

Non-Optimal Uses of Video in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines some instructional practices concerning the non-optimal uses of video, films and other mass media in the K-12 classroom. Based on a six-year process of observing and interviewing teachers regularly in two school districts in Massachusetts, USA, this paper presents a typology of seven common patterns of non-optimal media use,…

Hobbs, Renee

2006-01-01

447

Patterns in Student Assignment to Elementary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to better understand aggregate patterns in the way elementary school students are assigned to classes, we conduct a careful analysis of observed classroom assignment outcomes in the 5th grade in North Carolina elementary schools. First, we model the probability that a pair of students are classmates as a function of the…

Bosworth, Ryan; Li, Hao

2013-01-01

448

I Have a Banana Tree in My Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the banana is growing, the broadest part of the banana is located at the bottom, while the tapered end points upward. It appears upside down, however, from the banana tree's perspective, it is growing right side up. The author observes that the students in her classroom labeled by society as "at risk," are also, in a sense, "upside down."…

Williams, Patricia A.

2007-01-01

449

Extraordinary Animals and Expository Writing: Zoo in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A zoo outreach program led to placing animals in classrooms where those animals became foci for numerous learning activities such as writing, observing, and care. Systematic debriefings suggested uniqueness to learning outcomes connected to zoo animals. Subsequent analysis of student writing indicated that students responded to situational…

Trainin, Guy; Wilson, Kathleen; Wickless, Mimi; Brooks, David

2005-01-01

450

Watershed: Exploring Run-Off and Infiltration in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a classroom based inquiry activity where students will observe how water changes when it is moved through a variety of different mediums. Eventually, the students will take this model to the larger ideas of watershed in the community.

451

ASD Classroom Development System: Designing an ASD Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Increase knowledge of the elements related to effective learning environments\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Increase knowledge of the elements of the ASD Classroom Model\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Increase knowledge of the components of the ASD Classroom Development System\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Increase knowledge of how to develop and evaluate an ASD classroom within your district

Caroline I. Magyar

452

Question Asking in the Science Classroom: Teacher Attitudes and Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the wide agreement among educators that classroom learning and teaching processes can gain much from student and teacher questions, their potential is not fully utilized. Adopting the view that reporting both teachers' (of varying age groups) views and actual classroom practices is necessary for obtaining a more complete view of the phenomena at hand, the present study closely examines both cognitive and affective domains of: (a) teachers' views (via interviews) concerning: (1) importance and roles of teacher and student questions, (2) teacher responses, and (3) planning and teacher training; and (b) teachers' actual practices (via classroom observations) concerning: (1) number and (2) level of teacher and student questions, as well as (3) teachers' responses to questions. The data were collected from 3 elementary, 3 middle, and 3 high school science teachers and their respective classroom students. The findings lay out a wide view of classroom questioning and teachers' responses, and relate what actually occurs in classes to teachers' stated views. Some of the study's main conclusions are that a gap exists between how science researchers and teachers view the role of teacher questions: the former highlight the cognitive domain, while the latter emphasize the affective domain.

Eshach, Haim; Dor-Ziderman, Yair; Yefroimsky, Yana

2013-06-01

453

Dynamic airline scheduling and robust airline schedule de-peaking  

E-print Network

Demand stochasticity is a major challenge for the airlines in their quest to produce profit maximizing schedules. Even with an optimized schedule, many flights have empty seats at departure, while others suffer a lack of ...

Jiang, Hai, 1979-

2006-01-01

454

Does Better Observation Make Better Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a unique intervention in Chicago Public Schools (CPS) to uncover the causal impact on school performance of an evaluation system based on highly structured classroom observations of teacher practice. An iterative process of observation and conferencing focused on improving lesson planning and preparation, the classroom

Steinberg, Matthew P.; Sartain, Lauren

2015-01-01

455

Scheduling techniques in the Request Oriented Scheduling Engine (ROSE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scheduling techniques in the ROSE are presented in the form of the viewgraphs. The following subject areas are covered: agenda; ROSE summary and history; NCC-ROSE task goals; accomplishments; ROSE timeline manager; scheduling concerns; current and ROSE approaches; initial scheduling; BFSSE overview and example; and summary.

Zoch, David R.

1991-01-01

456

Vassal: Loadable Scheduler Support for Multi-Policy Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Vassal, a system that enables applications to dynamically load and unload CPU scheduling policies into the operating system kernel, allowing multiple policies to be in effect simultaneously. With Vassal, applications can utilize scheduling algorithms tailored to their specific needs and general-purpose operating systems can support a wide variety of special-purpose scheduling policies without implementing each of them

George M. Candea; Michael B. Jones

1998-01-01

457

Classroom Environment and Student Learning: Classroom-Level Effects on Achievement Trajectories in Late Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a three-level model (within-student, between-student, and between-classroom) to examine the effects of 4th and 5th grade classroom environments on student achievement trajectories during the school year. Between-classroom differences in teacher warmth and classroom order were tested as predictors of student rates of achievement…

Gaskins, Clare Smith

2010-01-01

458

Exploring the Relationship between Certification Sources, Experience Levels, and Classroom Management Orientations of Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers continue to report that classroom management is one of their greatest challenges in the classroom. Classroom management involves teacher's efforts to oversee classroom activities such as learning, social interaction, and student behavior. In this study, we examined the relationship between sources of teachers' certification (traditional…

Ritter, Janice Toterhi; Hancock, Dawson R.

2007-01-01

459

Resources for Democratic Classrooms. Teacher's Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that it is difficult to imagine a democratic classroom environment where student power is a primary concern. Provides an annotated bibliography of 17 teacher and 21 student resources on student participation and democratic classrooms. (CFR)

McDermott, J. Cynthia, Ed.

1994-01-01

460

Idea Bank: Start a Classroom Library!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In today's classrooms--science and otherwise--all teachers are charged with helping students develop literacy skills. One effective method for supporting literacy is to create your own science classroom library. These collections can encourage students to r

Cavanaugh, Terence

2009-07-01

461

Scheduling with Slack Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a scheduling problem concerning a set of jobs {J1, J2,..., Jn} in which the job Ji requests Ci units of computation time every Ti units of time periodically. These jobs are to be executed by a timeshared single-processor computing system. It is assumed that the requests for each job arrive at the system at the beginning of the

C. L. Liu; Jane W.-S. Liu; Arthur L. Liestman

1982-01-01

462

Scheduling semiconductor wafer fabrication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact that scheduling can have on the performance of semi-conductor wafer fabrication facilities is assessed. The performance measure considered is the mean throughput time (sometimes called cycle time, turnaround time or manufacturing interval) for a lot of wafers. A variety of input control and sequencing rules are evaluated using a simulation model of a representative, but fictitious, semiconductor wafer

LAWRENCE M. WEIN

1988-01-01

463

Daytona Beach Activities Schedule  

E-print Network

Highlights · Daytona Beach · Activities Schedule · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Daytona Beach A day of fun in the sun! WHAT: Come for a day of surf, sun, and sand at world famous Daytona Beach. We will drive to the beach in the morning and spend the day sunning, swimming, and having fun! After the beach

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

464

Daytona Beach Activities Schedule  

E-print Network

Highlights · Daytona Beach · Activities Schedule · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Daytona Beach A day of fun in the sun! WHAT: Come for a day of surf, sun, and sand at world famous Daytona Beach. We will drive to the beach in the morning and spend the day sunning, swimming, and having fun! WHEN: Saturday

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

465

CMS multicore scheduling strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the next years, processor architectures based on much larger numbers of cores will be most likely the model to continue "Moore's Law" style throughput gains. This not only results in many more jobs in parallel running the LHC Run 1 era monolithic applications, but also the memory requirements of these processes push the workernode architectures to the limit. One solution is parallelizing the application itself, through forking and memory sharing or through threaded frameworks. CMS is following all of these approaches and has a comprehensive strategy to schedule multicore jobs on the GRID based on the glideinWMS submission infrastructure. The main component of the scheduling strategy, a pilot-based model with dynamic partitioning of resources that allows the transition to multicore or whole-node scheduling without disallowing the use of single-core jobs, is described. This contribution also presents the experiences made with the proposed multicore scheduling schema and gives an outlook of further developments working towards the restart of the LHC in 2015.

Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, Antonio; Hernández, Jose; Holzman, Burt; Majewski, Krista; McCrea, Alison; Cms Collaboration

2014-06-01

466

Scheduling Nonlinear Computational Loads  

E-print Network

Scheduling Nonlinear Computational Loads JUI TSUN HUNG THOMAS G. ROBERTAZZI, Fellow, IEEE Stony node is nonlinear in the size of the assigned load. Optimal load allocation and speedup for simultaneous load distribution for a quadratic nonlinearity are obtained using simple equations. An iterative

Robertazzi, Thomas G.

467

Google Tools in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Maine Learning Technology Initiative provides every seventh and eighth grade student in the state with MacBook laptop computers. Limitless education possibilities exist with the inclusion of Google Tools and laptops as learning tools in our modern classrooms. Google Applications allow students to create documents, spreadsheets, charts, graphs, forms, and presentations and easily allows the sharing of information with their fellow classmates and teachers. These applications invite the use of inquiry and critical thinking skills, collaboration among peers, and subject integration to teach students crucial concepts. The benefits for teachers extend into the realm of using Google sites to easily create a teacher website and blog to upload classroom information and create a communication connection for parents and students as well as collaborations between the teachers and University researchers and educators. Google Applications further enhances the possibilities for learning, sharing a wealth of information, and enhancing communication inside and outside of the classroom.

Albee, E. M.; Koons, P. O.; Schauffler, M.; Zhu, Y.; Segee, B. E.

2009-12-01

468

The Universe in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From dark matter to the transit of Venus, "The University in the Classroom" has all the astronomical bases covered for educators. This electronic educational newsletter is published by The Astronomical Society of the Pacific and has been published since 1984. Each issue is designed to help teachers learn more about astronomy themselves, and then they can bring this new knowledge into their classroom. On the newsletter's homepage, visitors can read the current issue, subscribe to receive updates, and also browse through the archives, which stretch back to late 1984. Within each issue, visitors can read an in-depth exploration of a certain astronomical subject, complete with classroom activities and links to other related resources.

469

Recognizing Stereotypical Motor Movements in the Laboratory and Classroom: A Case Study  

E-print Network

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) frequently engage in stereotyped and repetitive motor from six children with ASD repeatedly observed in both laboratory and classroom settings. Challenges encountered when applying machine learning to this domain, as well as implications

470

The construction of different classroom norms during Peer Instruction: Students perceive differences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper summarizes variations in instructorsâ implementation practices during Peer Instruction (PI) and shows how these differences in practices shape different norms of classroom interaction. We describe variations in classroom norms along three dimensions of classroom culture that are integral to Peer Instruction, emphasis on: (1) faculty-student collaboration, (2) student-student collaboration, and (3) sense-making vs answer-making. Based on interpretations by an observing researcher, we place three different PI classrooms along a continuum representing a set of possible norms. We then check these interpretations against studentsâ perceptions of these environments from surveys collected at the end of the term. We find significant correspondence between the researchersâ interpretations and studentsâ perceptions of Peer Instruction in these environments. We find that variation in faculty practices can set up what students perceive as discernibly different norms. For interested instructors, concrete classroom practices are described that appear to encourage or discourage these norms.

Turpen, Chandra; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2012-05-21

471

Spike: Artificial intelligence scheduling for Hubble space telescope  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Efficient utilization of spacecraft resources is essential, but the accompanying scheduling problems are often computationally intractable and are difficult to approximate because of the presence of numerous interacting constraints. Artificial intelligence techniques were applied to the scheduling of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This presents a particularly challenging problem since a yearlong observing program can contain some tens of thousands of exposures which are subject to a large number of scientific, operational, spacecraft, and environmental constraints. New techniques were developed for machine reasoning about scheduling constraints and goals, especially in cases where uncertainty is an important scheduling consideration and where resolving conflicts among conflicting preferences is essential. These technique were utilized in a set of workstation based scheduling tools (Spike) for HST. Graphical displays of activities, constraints, and schedules are an important feature of the system. High level scheduling strategies using both rule based and neural network approaches were developed. While the specific constraints implemented are those most relevant to HST, the framework developed is far more general and could easily handle other kinds of scheduling problems. The concept and implementation of the Spike system are described along with some experiments in adapting Spike to other spacecraft scheduling domains.

Johnston, Mark; Miller, Glenn; Sponsler, Jeff; Vick, Shon; Jackson, Robert

1990-01-01

472

The Physics Classroom: Electric Current  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive tutorial for introductory physics on electric current and the requirements of an electric circuit. From a conceptual standpoint, it explores the nature of charge flow and the function of the charge carriers. From the mathematical standpoint, it explains current as a rate quantity and provides simple exercises to calculate the flow of current. This page is part of The Physics Classroom, a comprehensive set of interactive tutorials, labs, and simulations for students of introductory physics. The Physics Classroom is one of the ComPADRE digital library collections.

Henderson, Tom

2010-06-22

473

The Physics Classroom: Current Electricity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a four-part chapter on fundamentals of current electricity, from The Physics Classroom collection of interactive tutorials for introductory physics students. Topics include electric field and potential, electric circuits and power, resistance and Ohm's Law, and simple circuit analysis. Each section is accompanied by memorable analogies to help students comprehend how current flows and the role the electron plays in current electricity. Quizzes throughout the tutorial allow learners to self-test their understanding. The Physics Classroom collection is part of the ComPADRE digital library.

Henderson, Tom

2010-06-22

474

Revised Views of Classroom Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Classroom Assessment Project to Improve Teaching and Learning (CAPITAL), a collaborative research initiative between Stanford University and middle school science teachers in nearby school districts, examined classroom-based assessment in science. The teachers shared ideas with one another, and the university staff introduced research findings and ideas into the conversations. The CAPITAL teachers co-authoring this chapter described themselves as moving away from the role of teacher as giver of grades to teacher as conductor of learning. They increased their interactions with students during class time and better assisted students toward achieving the learning goals.

Fong, Elaine; Gilbertson, Joni; Sato, Mistilina; Schwartzfarb, Neil; Liebig, Tracey; Baker, Vicki

2006-01-01

475

Robotics competitions and science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper looks at the distinctions between science classrooms and the robotics competition described in the article "Examining the mediation of power in a collaborative community: engaging in informal science as authentic practice" written by Anton Puvirajah, Geeta Verma and Horace Webb. Using the framework of "productive disciplinary engagement" and discussing each principle in turn, the article argues that in order to bring the advantages of informal learning environments into regular classrooms we especially need to address student interest through task design and to change curricular requirements to agree with changing educational values.

Benke, Gertraud

2012-06-01

476

Responding to Alternative Conceptions in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how students' alternative conceptions about curriculum topics interfere with classroom learning. Describes the Royal Society of Chemistry's Teacher Fellowship Project entitled "Challenging Misconceptions in the Classroom," which develops classroom materials to diagnose and challenge specific alternative conceptions. Uses key ideas of how…

Taber, Keith S.

2003-01-01

477

Differentiated Instruction in the Elementary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As classrooms become more culturally diverse, it becomes more imperative that differentiated instruction occur in elementary classrooms. Today's classrooms usually contain students with a wide range of abilities and varied experiential backgrounds. These students learn at different rates and in different ways. Differentiation is important in the…

Cox, Susan G.

2008-01-01

478

The Dance of Elementary School Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At times, classroom management and guidance elude even the most seasoned teachers. Yet, students need guidance and practice in self-regulatory skills to assist in the learning that occurs in classrooms. Teachers need both practical and research-based classroom management strategies that benefit the environment and help create a space conducive to…

Powell, Pamela

2014-01-01

479

Undesirable classroom situations: A systems communication perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major problems facing a beginning teacher is how to create a favorable working climate in the classroom (Veenman, 1984). The study of this problem involves an analysis of undesirable classroom situations and particularly of the management behavior of the teacher. Research on classroom management has gradually emerged from the embryonic stage, as is shown by the inclusion

Theo Wubbels; Hans A. Créton; Anne Holvast

1988-01-01

480

Uncovering the Deal in Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher educator and a former student, now a classroom teacher, have a 14-year conversation about the deep dynamics of classroom management, which is more complicated than it first appears. The teacher educator introduces the classroom teacher to The Deal, an idea that can guide early-career teachers as well as veteran teachers. The Deal is, in…

McDonald, Joseph P.; Hudder, Daniel

2014-01-01

481

Supporting Classroom Information Management Quranna Khan  

E-print Network

Supporting Classroom Information Management with SCOUT Quranna Khan D. Scott McCrickard Sherian such as classroom information management. We address these problems with an information management tool called SCOUT@hotmail.com INTRODUCTION The classroom of the new millennium will not look like the pencil-and-paper versions that we

McCrickard, Scott

482

Chinese teachers' perceptions of students' classroom misbehaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on Chinese teachers' perceptions of students' classroom misbehaviour. A questionnaire was designed to assess teachers' general concerns about classroom management, teachers' perceptions of the most frequent and troublesome types of misbehaviour, and teachers' perceived needs for help with improving classroom management. A total of 244 responses were collected, from lower elementary to high school teachers in two

Meixia Ding; Yeping Li; Xiaobao Li; Gerald Kulm

2008-01-01

483

Transforming classroom discourse: An inuit example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents primarily quantitative data regarding forms of classroom discourse and turn allocation that emerged from a larger ethnographic study examining Inuit classroom interactions and discourse patterns in three kindergarten and three first grade Inuit?taught classrooms in three Ungava Bay communities. The focus is on the transformational effects of the incorporation of culturally?congruous social interaction patterns and the promotion

Martha B. Crago

1994-01-01

484

A Handbook for Classroom Management that Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use this handbook in self-help, study group, and teacher workshop situations to implement the research-based classroom management practices from the ASCD best-seller "Classroom Management That Works". The authors guide you through the classroom management approaches that support higher student achievement and provide you with hundreds of…

Marzano, Robert J.; Gaddy, Barbara B.; Foseid, Maria C.; Foseid, Mark P.; Marzano, Jana S.

2005-01-01

485

CNN Newsroom Classroom Guides. July 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CNN Newsroom is a daily 15-minute commercial-free news program specifically produced for classroom use and provided free to participating schools. The daily CNN Newsroom broadcast is supported by a Daily Classroom Guide, written by professional educators. These classroom guides are designed to accompany CNN Newsroom broadcasts for a given month,…

Cable News Network, Atlanta, GA.

486

Second Language Learning; Investigating the Classroom Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a number of second-language (L2) classroom-based research projects undertaken at the University of Stirling in Scotland. It is argued that a full understanding of classroom-based L2 learning requires the integration of sociolinguistic studies of the classroom context with psycholinguistic studies of second language acquisition. (Author/VWL)

Mitchell, Rosamond

1989-01-01

487

Learning Road Safety Skills in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study demonstrates the effectiveness of a classroom based learning programme in the acquisition of road safety skills. The participant, a child with severe learning disabilities, was taught road safety behaviours in the classroom with the aid of photograph cards. When he had mastered these skills in the classroom, he returned to the…

Brown, Freddy Jackson; Gillard, Duncan

2009-01-01

488

Student Leadership Education in Elementary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As I began my career as a teacher, I assumed leadership education would naturally be integrated into the elementary classroom curriculum because I was intrigued by this topic. However, as I spent more time in the classroom I quickly realized leadership skills were not part of regular classroom learning or practice for elementary age students. I…

Hess, Lindsay

2010-01-01

489

Efficient periodic scheduling by trees  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a perfectly-periodic schedule, time is divided into time-slots, and each client gets a time slot precisely every prede- fined number of time slots. The input to a schedule design algo- rithm is a frequency request for each client, and its task is to con- struct a perfectly periodic schedule that matches the requests as \\

Amotz Bar-noy; Boaz Patt-shamir; Vladimir Dreizin

2002-01-01

490

Efficient algorithms for periodic scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a perfectly periodic schedule, time is divided into time slots, and each client gets a slot precisely every predefined number of time slots. The input to a schedule design algorithm is a frequency request for each client, and its task is to construct a perfectly periodic schedule that matches the requests as ''closely'' as possible. The quality of the

Amotz Bar-noy; Vladimir Dreizin; Boaz Patt-shamir

2004-01-01

491

Flexible Scheduling: Making the Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citing literature that supports the benefits of flexible scheduling on student achievement, the author exhorts readers to campaign for flexible scheduling in their library media centers. She suggests tips drawn from the work of Graziano (2002), McGregor (2006) and Stripling (1997) for making a smooth transition from fixed to flexible scheduling:…

Creighton, Peggy Milam

2008-01-01

492

Computer Systems II CPU Scheduling  

E-print Network

1 1 Computer Systems II CPU Scheduling 2 Review of Process States #12;2 OS Queuing Model 3 CPUReady When Does a Scheduler Take Decisions? When a process: 1. Switches from running to waiting state. 2. Switches from running to ready state. 3. Switches from waiting to ready. 4. Terminates. Scheduling under 1

493

Surprise Benefits of Arena Scheduling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging tasks a principal must accomplish every year is the construction of the master schedule. Free from the magnetic scheduling boards and wall charts of yesteryear, principals now have technological tools--such as programs that offer schools solutions for their scheduling needs--that can save time and enable them to work…

Surloff, Andrew

2008-01-01

494

Teaching and learning in an integrated curriculum setting: A case study of classroom practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Curriculum integration, while a commonly used educational term, remains a challenging concept to define and examine both in research and in classroom practice. Numerous types and definitions of curriculum integration exist in educational research, while, in comparison, teachers tend to focus on curriculum integration simply as a mixing of subject areas. To better understand curriculum integration in practice, this thesis details a case study that examines both teacher and student perspectives regarding a grade nine integrated unit on energy. Set in a public secondary school in Ontario, Canada, I comprehensively describe and analyze teacher understandings of, and challenges with, the implementation of an integrated unit, while also examining student perspectives and academic learning. My participants consisted of two high school teachers, a geography teacher and a science teacher, and their twenty-three students. Using data gathered from interviews before, during, and after the implementation of a 16-lesson unit, as well as observations throughout, I completed a case description and thematic analysis. My results illustrate the importance of examining why teachers choose to implement an integrated unit and the planning and scheduling challenges that exist. In addition, while the students in this study were academically successful, clarification is needed regarding whether student success can be linked to the integration of these two subjects or the types of activities these two teachers utilized.

MacMath, Sheryl Lynn

495

Ideas for the Working Classroom. Classroom Practices, Vol. 27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on successful classroom practice, the 31 essays in this book describe methods for teaching English and language arts while increasing students' self-esteem and respect for others, awareness of social issues, appreciation of literature, understanding of connections among disciplines, and involvement in their own learning. Essays in the book…

Gill, Kent, Ed.; And Others

496

Everyday Classroom Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study is to examine to what extent and in what ways science teachers practice assessment during classroom interactions in everyday activities in an upper-secondary school in Sweden. We are science teachers working now with a larger research project on assessment in science education that seeks to examine teachers' assessment…

Gómez, María del Carmen; Jakobsson, Anders

2014-01-01

497

Inspiring Independent Learning: Successful Classroom Strategies. The Inspired Classroom Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides examples of embedded learning and study strategies, all of which represent success stories used by teachers and support teams in real classrooms. Seven chapters focus on: (1) "Overview: The Teacher's Role in Inspiring Independent Learning"; (2) "Primary Grades: Building a Strong Foundation" (e.g., simple memory strategies,…

Rafoth, Mary Ann

498

Guest Editorial… Researching Classroom Learning and Learning Classroom Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the central goals of the mathematics education research community is the identification of classroom practice likely to facilitate student learning of mathematics. In the paper by Clarke, Breed and Fraser in this issue of The Mathematics Educator, the results of an investigation into the outcomes of the Interactive Mathematics Program (IMP) undertaken back in the early 1990s are

David Clarke

499

Culture and the Bilingual Classroom: Studies in Classroom Ethnography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 13 papers are grouped into 2 sections: "General Theoretical and Methodological Issues," and "Microethnographic Studies of Minority Culture Children in the Classroom." Section I includes five papers which cover the following topics: approaches to inquiry in school-community ethnography which are qualitative, yet quantitative; the validity and…

Trueba, Henry T., Ed.; And Others

500

DYNAS3: a dynamic scheduling system for job scheduling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is concerned with the development of a dynamic scheduling system for job scheduling, named DYNAS3. Though many scheduling criteria for job scheduling have been proposed, most of them are impractical for use in the low-volume/high-variety manufacturing environment. DYNAS3 is a scheduling system for job scheduling in a low-volume/high- variety manufacturing environment, developed by using client/server computing technology. The system provides us with a practical facility for job scheduling which takes into account the influence of many factors such as machine setup times, cell changes, replacement machines, and load balancing between machines. Numerical testing examples are taken from a real- manufacturing factory of Japan, and high-quality results are efficiently generated.

Zhang, YaoXue; Li, GuangJie; Di, Shuo; Cheng, Hua; Cheng, KangFu

1995-08-01