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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Gender effects for student perception of the classroom psychosocial environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A future shortage of science teachers has been predicted, and since women are presently underrepresented in the sciences, they are a good potential source for future science teachers. Unfortunately women appear to become less interested in science as they continue in school. Because the classroom psychosocial environment has been shown to be related to learning outcomes, it may contribute to

Frances Lawrenz

1987-01-01

2

Physical and psychosocial aspects of the learning environment in information technology rich classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study of environments in emerging Internet classrooms. At issue for this study is to what extent these 'technological classrooms' are providing a positive learning environment for students. To investigate this issue, this study involved an evaluation of the physical and psychosocial environments in computerised school settings through a combination of questionnaires and inventories which were

David B. Zandvliet; Leon M. Straker

2001-01-01

3

Antecedents to psychosocial environments in middle school classrooms in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated gender differences in students' perceptions of their psychosocial environment and related variables.\\u000a Analyses of data collected from 644 middle school students reveal that there were significant differences in boys' and girls'\\u000a perceptions, in favor of girls. Ten academic background variables were examined. Multiple regression results identified, in\\u000a addition to gender, school membership, attendance, time spent doing homework,

Shwu-Yong L. Huang

2003-01-01

4

Influence of Psychosocial Classroom Environment on Students' Motivation and Self-Regulation in Science Learning: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary aim of this study was two-fold: 1) to identify salient psychosocial features of the classroom environment that influence students' motivation and self-regulation in science learning; and 2) to examine the effect of the motivational constructs of learning goal orientation, science task value and self-efficacy in science learning on…

Velayutham, Sunitadevi; Aldridge, Jill M.

2013-01-01

5

Psychosocial Environment and Affective Outcomes in Technology-Rich Classrooms: Testing a Causal Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research investigated classroom environment antecedent variables and student affective outcomes in Australian high schools. The Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was used to assess 10 classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, investigation, task orientation,…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; Fraser, Barry J.

2009-01-01

6

Validity and use of an instrument for assessing classroom psychosocial environment in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong tradition in research in primary and secondary schools has involved student and teacher perceptions of psychological characteristics of actual or preferred classroom environment. This paper provides a foundation for the extension of this tradition to the higher education level by describing the development, validation, and use of a new instrument, the College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI),

Barry J. Fraser; David F. Treagust

1986-01-01

7

Psychosocial environment and affective outcomes in technology-rich classrooms: testing a causal model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research investigated classroom environment antecedent variables and student affective outcomes in Australian high schools.\\u000a The Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was used to assess 10 classroom environment\\u000a dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, investigation, task orientation, cooperation, equity, differentiation,\\u000a computer usage and young adult ethos. A sample of 4,146 high school students from Western Australia and Tasmania responded\\u000a to

Jeffrey P. Dorman; Barry J. Fraser

2009-01-01

8

Using Classroom Psychosocial Environment in the Evaluation of Adult Computer Application Courses in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews of past research on psychosocial learning environments show that relatively few studies have involved the use of environment dimensions either as criterion variables in the evaluation computer education programs or with adult learners (in contrast to elementary and secondary school students). This study is distinctive in that it used a…

Seng, Khoo Hock; Fraser, Barry J.

2008-01-01

9

Creating Respectful Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respect is a critical variable in education. It is critical to each individual child in the classroom environment as well as to the teaching and learning that takes place in the classroom. Children learn by example. Where do they get their examples? This article explores the parameters of teaching and encouraging respect in classrooms for young…

Miller, Regina; Pedro, Joan

2006-01-01

10

Associations Between Classroom Environment and Academic Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted on associations between classroom psychosocial environment and academic efficacy. A sample of 1055\\u000a mathematics students from Australian secondary schools responded to an instrument that assessed ten dimensions of mathematics\\u000a classroom environment (viz. Student Cohesiveness, Teacher Support, Investigation, Task Orientation, Cooperation, Equity, Involvement,\\u000a Personal Relevance, Shared Control, Student Negotiation). These scales were from two existing instruments, namely, What

Jeffrey P. Dorman

2001-01-01

11

Learning environments in information and communications technology classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of learning environments provides a useful research framework for investigating the effects of educational innovations such as those which are associated with the use of the Internet in classroom settings. This study reports an investigation into the use of Internet technologies in high-school classrooms in Australia and Canada. Specifically, it combined the investigation of the physical and psychosocial

David B. Zandvliet; Barry J. Fraser

2004-01-01

12

Psychosocial coping of urban children in catholic elementary school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory survey of 723 kindergarten and first grade children in eight inner?city and five more affluent urban Catholic elementary schools presents demographic characteristics, information about assets and vulnerabilities of children's psychosocial coping in the classroom, and comparisons of these items by school grouping. Chi square and analyses of variance yielded statistically significant differences in that schools located in the

Christine Anlauf Sabatino; Elizabeth M. Timberlake

1991-01-01

13

Factors in classroom environment variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the cross-sectional similarity of the underlying structure of classroom environment variables, the Learning Environment Inventory and the Primary Mental Abilities Test were administered to 46 Grade 8 and 50 Grade 11 classrooms in Canada. The intercorrelations of Grades 8 and 11 were analyzed by the method of iterative principal components, and 3 components were retained in each case.

Bikkar S. Randhawa; Dennis Hunt

1976-01-01

14

Relationship Between School and Classroom Environment and Teacher Burnout: A LISREL Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted on the relationship between school and classroom psychosocial environment and perceptions of burnout in teachers who staff Queensland private schools. A sample of 246 teachers responded to scales that assess seven school environment and seven classroom environment dimensions and the three facets of burnout measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment. Preliminary

Jeffrey P. Dorman

2003-01-01

15

Teacher perspectives and the psychosocial climate of the classroom in a traditional BSN program.  

PubMed

Developing and implementing a positive psychosocial environment should be one of the main responsibilities of educators. As educators influence the climate, learning is enhanced or hindered. Therefore educators need to understand their own teaching perspectives and how they in turn influence the classroom. Data were collected from nurse educators and BSN nursing students. The relationship between faculty teaching perspectives and the students' perceptions of the learning environment was examined. The data collection tool used to measure the educators' perspective was the Instructional Perspective Inventory (IPI), and to measure the students' perspective was the Adult Classroom Environment Scale (ACES). A MANCOVA was used to determine the relationship and significant differences between educators' and students' perspectives. The results indicated that the teachers in the high group of teacher responsiveness had students who reported greater teacher support, time on task, focus, organization, clarity of subject content, involvement, and satisfaction. PMID:20196760

Rowbotham, Melodie A

2010-01-12

16

Creating a Fair Classroom Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reduce your students' first day jitters by implementing these specific classroom management suggestions that are designed to reduce student anxiety and create a fair environment. These strategies will effectively help all students to participate and feel more at ease, and simultaneously help them to perceive you as a teacher who listens to their ideas and encourages thinking rather than as an unjust autocrat.

Hand, Richard

2004-09-01

17

The Classroom Environment: First, Last, and Always  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The classroom environment is uppermost in teachers' minds at the start of each school year. Designing an effective classroom environment for learning to read and reading is both an art and a science. Aligning physical space with instructional goals involves the flexible use of space that is adapted to instructional needs. A well-designed classroom

Roskos, Kathleen; Neuman, Susan B.

2011-01-01

18

Changing Classroom Environments in Urban Middle Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved three phases. First, we developed and validated the Elementary and Middle School Inventory of Classroom\\u000a Environments (ICE) for assessing upper primary and middle school (Grades 6–8) students' perceived and preferred classroom\\u000a environment. Second, typical classroom environments in an urban setting were described based on quantitative and qualitative\\u000a data, including differences between the perceptions of students of different

Becky B. Sinclair; Barry J. Fraser

2002-01-01

19

Creating a Conducive Classroom Environment: Classroom Management Is the Key  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Creating a classroom environment which is conducive to learning is one of the most important things a teacher can do. This becomes even more crucial as students enter classrooms with their cell phones, pagers, and beepers. Additionally, many students are tardy for class, leave early, or may not appear in class on numerous occasions. Therefore,…

Findley, Bev; Varble, Dale

2006-01-01

20

Communication Technologies and the Classroom Teaching Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors consider the present and future of new media and the classroom environment of pupils in primary education. Some experts are inclined to see the future of the classroom teaching environment solely through the perspective of new media, primarily computers and the Internet. The authors agree that these media are essential for modern…

Matijevic, Milan; Radovanovic, Diana

2007-01-01

21

Positive Classroom Environments = Positive Academic Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the effects of a positive classroom environment and its impact on student behavior and achievement. It also provides strategies for developing expectations for student achievement and the importance of parental involvement. A positive classroom environment is essential in keeping behavior problems to a minimum. There are a…

Wilson-Fleming, LaTerra; Wilson-Younger, Dylinda

2012-01-01

22

The Classroom Environment: First, Last, and Always  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The classroom environment is uppermost in teachers' minds at the start of each school year. Designing an effective classroom environment for learning to read and reading is both an art and a science. Aligning physical space with instructional goals involves the flexible use of space that is adapted to instructional needs. A well-designed…

Roskos, Kathleen; Neuman, Susan B.

2011-01-01

23

Social environment of junior high and high school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on the development of a Classroom Environment Scale (CES), a 90-item perceived environment scale that assesses 9 dimensions (e.g., student involvement, competition) of the classroom. Intercorrelations among the subscales indicate that the CES measures distinct, though moderately correlated, aspects of the classroom environment. Each of the subscales significantly discriminated among 38 classrooms in a standardization sample, and internal consistency

Edison J. Trickett; Rudolph H. Moos

1973-01-01

24

Cultural practices in networked classroom learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents results of a case study conducted in secondary mathematics classrooms using a new generation of networked\\u000a classroom technology (Participatory Simulations). Potential for drawing on youths’ cultural practices in networked learning\\u000a environments is explored in terms of opportunities for traditionally underserved students to participate in powerful mathematical\\u000a discourse and practice. As mediated by the networked technology, the multiple

Nancy Ares

2008-01-01

25

The Urban Built Environment and Associations with Women's Psychosocial Health.  

PubMed

The determinants that underlie a healthy or unhealthy pregnancy are complex and not well understood. We assess the relationship between the built environment and maternal psychosocial status using directly observed residential neighborhood characteristics (housing damage, property disorder, tenure status, vacancy, security measures, violent crime, and nuisances) and a wide range of psychosocial attributes (interpersonal support evaluation list, self-efficacy, John Henryism active coping, negative partner support, Perceived Stress Scale, perceived racism, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) on a pregnant cohort of women living in the urban core of Durham, NC, USA. We found some associations between built environment characteristic and psychosocial health varied by exposure categorization approach, while others (residence in environments with more rental property is associated with higher reported active coping and negative partner support) were consistent across exposure categorizations. This study outlines specific neighborhood characteristics that are modifiable risk markers and therefore important targets for increased research and public health intervention. PMID:22907713

Messer, Lynne C; Maxson, Pamela; Miranda, Marie Lynn

2013-10-01

26

Psychosocial Factors of the Literacy Classroom. A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the behavioral issues associated with homelessness and marginal lifestyles. It describes classroom techniques that may be used to develop self-directed learning readiness as a tool for mitigating the psychological problems associated with the causes and outcomes of marginal living and homelessness. Discussed first are 26…

Matuszowicz, Peter F.

27

Creating a Safe and Positive Classroom Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To insure that each child has a safe and positive environment at school, teachers should earn their pupils' respect and classroom activities should be oriented to helping each child succeed. Three key phrases reinforce the expectation of success. These phrases, which teacher and pupils should understand and remember, are: (1) It is O.K. to make a…

White, Kimberly A.

28

How Comprehensive School Students Perceive their Psychosocial School Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to describe students’ perceptions of their psychosocial school environment and to examine the associations between such perceptions and students’ perceived school performance. Our analyses were based on data from the Health Behaviour in School?Aged Children 2006 study, involving responses by Finnish students from grades 7 and 9. The results indicated that students’ perceptions of

Ilona Haapasalo; Raili Välimaa; Lasse Kannas

2010-01-01

29

Supporting Classroom Activities with the BSUL Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our ongoing research about the integration of ubiquitous computing systems into classroom settings, in order to give basic support for some classroom and field activities. We have developed some web application components using Java technology and configured a classroom with wireless network access and a web camera for our purposes. In this classroom the students

Nobuji A. Saito; Hiroaki Ogata; Rosa G. J. Paredes; Yoneo Yano; Gerardo Ayala San Martin

2005-01-01

30

Visibility and Social Recognition as Psychosocial Work Environment Factors among Cleaners in A Multi-Ethnic Workplace Intervention  

PubMed Central

This article focuses on the psychosocial work environment of immigrant cleaners at a Danish workplace. Today, many cleaners working in Danish cleaning jobs are women from the established immigrant communities, but also labour migrants from the newer EU member states have found their way to the cleaning industry. Studies have drawn attention to immigrants’ low position in the cleaning industry and their increased risk of work injuries. This article is based on a case study of an intervention called “Make a Difference” designed to improve the work environment among cleaners at a multi-ethnic workplace. We used semi-structured interviews, photo logs, observation and participation to investigate how the cleaners experienced their work environment. The cleaners reported an overload of heavy work, related to the concept of a classroom’s “readiness for cleaning”, and they expressed strained social relations and communication in addition to a lack of social recognition and invisibility at the workplace, a school. We analysed these psychosocial work environmental problems by investigating the different forms of social relationships and communication within the group of cleaners, and between the cleaners and the teachers and pupils at the school. Moreover, we discussed why the intervention, based on training of language and cleaning skills and social interaction, only partially improved the cleaners’ psychosocial work environment problems. In this article, we argue that social divisions based on ethnicity between the new and the established group of cleaners, combined with their marginal position and poor work organisation at the school, reinforced the cleaners’ experiences of psychosocial work environment problems. This article suggests that increased effort towards social inclusion at work and improved work organisation, especially for the new labour migrants from newer EU-countries, should be considered.

Hviid, Kirsten; Smith, Louise Hardman; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2012-01-01

31

Family and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE): development of a brief questionnaire measuring perceived psychosocial environments in children/siblings.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to develop a short Swedish standardized, factor analyzed and cross-validated, family and school psychosocial environment questionnaire (FSPE). The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10-19 years old, who filled in the FSPE. Maximum likelihood factor analysis, promax rotation, yielded six primary factors, based on absolute ratings. Since the factors were somewhat correlated, two broader secondary factors, with satisfactory reliabilities, were also included in the form, named Warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers, and Family conflicts and school discipline, respectively. Means and standard deviations for girls and boys showed sex differences in most of the factors. Because the children participated anonymously they could report about spanking without negative consequences. Indeed, 8.1% of the children had been spanked by their parents. Based on relative ratings, two factors were identified, covering environmental questions about "more than, the same as or less than" a sibling. Only 6.6% of the children rated their environment exactly the same on the Family Psychosocial Environment (FPE) factors, compared to a sibling within the family. Thus the majority reported environmental differences. Further research is proposed to evaluate such differences and relations to personality, genotype-environment correlation and genetic mediation. PMID:21332485

Persson, Bertil

2011-02-18

32

Development of a Classroom Environment Scale in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hong Kong Classroom Environment Scale (HKCES) is a new instrument designed to assess upper primary and junior secondary school students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment. The development of the scale involved 2 stages of study. In the 1st stage of study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly identified 4…

John, Lee Chi-kin; Frances, Lee Lai-mui; Hin-wah, Wong

2003-01-01

33

Conceptual Classroom Environment--A System View of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines relations between changes in the beliefs of individual students and the distribution of beliefs in the classroom. Suggests that the conceptual environment is an indicator of the conceptual tension in a group. Shows that conceptual change of individuals does not necessarily result in changes in the classroom conceptual environment, and…

Reiner, Miriam; Eilam, Billie

2001-01-01

34

Development of a Classroom Environment Scale in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Hong Kong Classroom Environment Scale (HKCES) is a new instrument designed to assess upper primary and junior secondary school students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment. The development of the scale involved 2 stages of study. In the 1st stage of study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly identified…

John, Lee Chi-kin; Frances, Lee Lai-mui; Hin-wah, Wong

2003-01-01

35

The Learning Environment Associated with Information Technology Education in Taiwan: Combining Psychosocial and Physical Aspects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated perceptions of senior high school students towards the Taiwanese information technology (IT) classroom with the What Is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) survey and explored the physical learning environment of the IT classroom using the Computerised Classroom Environment Inventory (CCEI). The participants included 2,869…

Liu, Chia-Ju; Zandvliet, David B.; Hou, I.-Ling

2012-01-01

36

The Learning Environment Associated with Information Technology Education in Taiwan: Combining Psychosocial and Physical Aspects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated perceptions of senior high school students towards the Taiwanese information technology (IT) classroom with the What Is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) survey and explored the physical learning environment of the IT classroom using the Computerised Classroom Environment Inventory (CCEI). The participants included 2,869…

Liu, Chia-Ju; Zandvliet, David B.; Hou, I.-Ling

2012-01-01

37

Controlling the Thermal Environment of the Co-ordinated Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The classroom environment is a working surround in which children, through participating in organized experiences, can grow and develop in an optimum manner. Classroom design requires organization of principles of environmental control in order to assure efficient and successful performance. This control cannot be left to chance. In considering…

Harmon, Darell Boyd

38

Promoting Kindergarten Children's Creativity in the Classroom Environment in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating teachers' classroom practices, which either stimulate or inhibit the development of the creative environment of classrooms in Jordan, and determining the differences between practices according to educational level, experience level and type of teaching. The sample of the study consisted of 215 kindergarten…

Dababneh, Kholoud; Ihmeideh, Fathi M.; Al-Omari, Aieman A.

2010-01-01

39

Controlling the Thermal Environment of the Co-ordinated Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The classroom environment is a working surround in which children, through participating in organized experiences, can grow and develop in an optimum manner. Classroom design requires organization of principles of environmental control in order to assure efficient and successful performance. This control cannot be left to chance. In considering…

Harmon, Darell Boyd

40

Visibility and social recognition as psychosocial work environment factors among cleaners in a multi-ethnic workplace intervention.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the psychosocial work environment of immigrant cleaners at a Danish workplace. Today, many cleaners working in Danish cleaning jobs are women from the established immigrant communities, but also labour migrants from the newer EU member states have found their way to the cleaning industry. Studies have drawn attention to immigrants' low position in the cleaning industry and their increased risk of work injuries. This article is based on a case study of an intervention called "Make a Difference" designed to improve the work environment among cleaners at a multi-ethnic workplace. We used semi-structured interviews, photo logs, observation and participation to investigate how the cleaners experienced their work environment. The cleaners reported an overload of heavy work, related to the concept of a classroom's "readiness for cleaning", and they expressed strained social relations and communication in addition to a lack of social recognition and invisibility at the workplace, a school. We analysed these psychosocial work environmental problems by investigating the different forms of social relationships and communication within the group of cleaners, and between the cleaners and the teachers and pupils at the school. Moreover, we discussed why the intervention, based on training of language and cleaning skills and social interaction, only partially improved the cleaners' psychosocial work environment problems. In this article, we argue that social divisions based on ethnicity between the new and the established group of cleaners, combined with their marginal position and poor work organisation at the school, reinforced the cleaners' experiences of psychosocial work environment problems. This article suggests that increased effort towards social inclusion at work and improved work organisation, especially for the new labour migrants from newer EU-countries, should be considered. PMID:23263660

Hviid, Kirsten; Smith, Louise Hardman; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2012-12-24

41

Assessment and Effect of Some Classroom Environment Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of studies concerned with classroom variables -- specifically, subject matter, grade level, sex differences of teachers, rural vs urban schools -- in relationship to the learning environment are reviewed and discussed. (SM)

Randhawa, Bikkar S.; Fu, Lewis L. W.

1973-01-01

42

Understanding and Improving Classroom Emotional Climate and Behavior Management in the "Real World": The Role of Head Start Teachers' Psychosocial Stressors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This article reports on two studies. Study 1 considered ways in which Head Start teachers' (n = 90) psychosocial stressors are related to teachers' ability to maintain a positive classroom emotional climate and effective behavior management in preschool classrooms. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that among teachers randomly…

Grining, Christine Li; Raver, C. Cybele; Champion, Kina; Sardin, Latriese; Metzger, Molly; Jones, Stephanie M.

2010-01-01

43

Understanding and Improving Classroom Emotional Climate and Behavior Management in the "Real World": The Role of Head Start Teachers' Psychosocial Stressors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: This article reports on two studies. Study 1 considered ways in which Head Start teachers' (n = 90) psychosocial stressors are related to teachers' ability to maintain a positive classroom emotional climate and effective behavior management in preschool classrooms. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that among teachers randomly…

Grining, Christine Li; Raver, C. Cybele; Champion, Kina; Sardin, Latriese; Metzger, Molly; Jones, Stephanie M.

2010-01-01

44

Seven Criteria for an Effective Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a plethora of variables which affect pupils in the classroom. These might involve the obvious such as uncomfortable temperature readings a well as the following: (1) small group work as compared to individual activities; (2) use of measurably stated objectives versus constructivism as psychologies of learning; (3) a very quiet…

Ediger, Marlow

2009-01-01

45

Assessing Creative Environments in Primary Social Studies Classrooms in Nigeria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a study examining the relationship between a social studies classroom environment and the development of student creativity. Questions whether environments conducive to creativity can be encouraged in the Nigerian primary school system. Concludes that most teachers in the study did not foster creativity. Recommends means of…

Lawal, M. B.

1991-01-01

46

Associations between school-level environment and science classroom environment in secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a study of links between school environment and science classroom environment. Instruments to assess\\u000a seven dimensions of school environment (viz., Empowerment, Student Support, Affiliation, Professional Interest, Mission Consensus,\\u000a Resource Adequacy and Work Pressure) and seven dimensions of classroom environment (viz., Student Affiliation, Interactions,\\u000a Cooperation, Task Orientation, Order & Organisation, Individualisati n and Teacher Control) in secondary school

Jeffrey P. Dorman; Barry J. Fraser; Campbell J. McRobbie

1995-01-01

47

From Technology to Communication: Psychosocial Issues in Developing Virtual Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual reality (VR) can be considered as the leading edge of a general evolution of present communication interfaces, one whose main characteristic is the full immersion of the human sensorimotor channels into a vivid and global communication experience. By analyzing VR as a communication tool this paper tries to outline a psycho-social framework for the development and tuning of VR

Giuseppe Riva

1999-01-01

48

Classroom Resiliency--A Comparison of Navajo Elementary Students' Perceptions of Their Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a gender difference in how students perceived their classroom environment on the Navajo Nation public school. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be…

Piechowski, Alta Begay

2011-01-01

49

Inferring Ancient Environments from Fossil Foraminifera: A Classroom Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This student activity demonstrates how foraminifera can be used to infer ancient environments. It contains background information and the classroom activity, which includes instructions and the required charts and diagrams. Also included are references and active links for further study as well as suggestions for a follow-up activity.

Olson, Hilary

50

Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Instructors' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the development of an instrument to assess classroom environment in universities. Using a sample of 665 students from 11 departments of the University of Seville (Spain), an instrument called the Evaluation of University Teaching Activities Questionnaire (E.U.T.A.Q.) was field-tested. The E.U.T.A.Q. consists of 25 items…

Villar, Luis M.; Alegre, Olga M.

2007-01-01

51

Technology-Supported Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adoption of technology has created a major impact in the field of education at all levels. Technology-supported classroom learning environments, involving modern information and communication technologies, are also entering the Indian educational system in general and the schools in Jammu region (Jammu & Kashmir State, India) in particular.…

Gupta, Adit; Fisher, Darrell

2012-01-01

52

Technology-Supported Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The adoption of technology has created a major impact in the field of education at all levels. Technology-supported classroom learning environments, involving modern information and communication technologies, are also entering the Indian educational system in general and the schools in Jammu region (Jammu & Kashmir State, India) in particular.…

Gupta, Adit; Fisher, Darrell

2012-01-01

53

Adequacy of the Regular Early Education Classroom Environment for Students with Visual Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the classroom environment that students with visual impairment typically experience in regular Australian early education. Adequacy of the classroom environment (teacher training and experience, teacher support, parent involvement, adult involvement, inclusive attitude, individualization of the curriculum, physical…

Brown, Cherylee M.; Packer, Tanya L.; Passmore, Anne

2013-01-01

54

Adequacy of the Regular Early Education Classroom Environment for Students with Visual Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the classroom environment that students with visual impairment typically experience in regular Australian early education. Adequacy of the classroom environment (teacher training and experience, teacher support, parent involvement, adult involvement, inclusive attitude, individualization of the curriculum, physical…

Brown, Cherylee M.; Packer, Tanya L.; Passmore, Anne

2013-01-01

55

The impact of psychosocial work environment factors on the risk of disability pension in Denmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study quantifies the impact of psychosocial work environment factors on the risk of disability pension. Differences in risk of disability pension were estimated in a representative sample of Danish employees followed for a total of 118 117 person-years of risk time. After control for smoking, BMI and ergonomic work environment, low decision authority and low variation in work showed

Karl B. Christensen; Helene Feveile; Merete Labriola; Thomas Lund

2008-01-01

56

Psychosocial Learning Environments and the Mediating Effect of Personal Meaning upon Satisfaction with Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the quantitative phase of a mixed-methods study that was conducted to investigate the relationships between psychosocial learning environments and student satisfaction with their education as mediated by Agentic Personal Meaning. The interdisciplinary approach of the study integrated the fields of learning environment

Smith, Prapanna Randall

2013-01-01

57

Psychosocial Learning Environments and the Mediating Effect of Personal Meaning upon Satisfaction with Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports the quantitative phase of a mixed-methods study that was conducted to investigate the relationships between psychosocial learning environments and student satisfaction with their education as mediated by Agentic Personal Meaning. The interdisciplinary approach of the study integrated the fields of learning environment

Smith, Prapanna Randall

2013-01-01

58

Technology Integration and the Classroom Learning Environment: Research for Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes initial results of a collaborative action research endeavor between a regional university and a local\\u000a school (Grade 6 level) using learning environments research to monitor alignment of classroom learning activities with a constructivist\\u000a viewpoint while integrating technology into the curriculum. Student perceptions as measured by the Constructivist Learning\\u000a Environment Survey (CLES) were explored. Teacher logs, teacher interviews,

Sharon H. Harwell; Shannon Gunter; Sandra Montgomery; Cheryl Shelton; Deborah West

2001-01-01

59

The Nature of Chinese Language Classroom Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports findings from a classroom environment study which was designed to investigate the nature of Chinese Language classroom environments in Singapore secondary schools. We used a perceptual instrument, the Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory, to investigate teachers' and students' perceptions towards their Chinese…

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq V.

2011-01-01

60

The Nature of Chinese Language Classroom Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports findings from a classroom environment study which was designed to investigate the nature of Chinese Language classroom environments in Singapore secondary schools. We used a perceptual instrument, the Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory, to investigate teachers' and students' perceptions towards their Chinese…

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq V.

2011-01-01

61

Effectiveness of classroom response systems within an active learning environment.  

PubMed

In nursing education, the inclusion of pedagogical tools is necessary to transform Millennial classrooms. One such pedagogical tool currently offered is classroom response systems (CRS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CRS as a pedagogical tool in improving nursing students' examination performance within an active learning environment. A pretest-posttest design was used to determine whether there was a relationship between the use of CRS (independent variable) and nursing students' examination performance in a first-year Professional Practice course (dependent variable). Paired t tests revealed no greater improvement in posttest scores. Therefore, the use of CRS technology was not effective in increasing nursing students' examination scores in the Professional Practice course. Additional research is needed to provide adequate understanding of the effectiveness of CRS within the nursing education classroom. [J Nurs Educ. 2013;52(11):653-656.]. PMID:24127175

Welch, Susan

2013-10-14

62

Students' perception of the psycho-social clinical learning environment: an evaluation of placement models.  

PubMed

Nursing is a practice based discipline. A supportive environment has been identified as important for the transfer of learning in the clinical context. The aim of the paper was to assess undergraduate nurses' perceptions of the psychosocial characteristics of clinical learning environments within three different clinical placement models. Three hundred and eight-nine undergraduate nursing students rated their perceptions of the psycho-social learning environment using a Clinical Learning Environment Inventory. There were 16 respondents in the Preceptor model category, 269 respondents in the Facilitation model category and 114 respondents in the clinical education unit model across 25 different clinical areas in one tertiary facility. The most positive social climate was associated with the preceptor model. On all subscales the median score was rated higher than the two other models. When clinical education units were compared with the standard facilitation model the median score was rated higher in all of the subscales in the Clinical Learning Environment Inventory. These results suggest that while preceptoring is an effective clinical placement strategy that provides psycho-social support for students, clinical education units that are more sustainable through their placement of greater numbers of students, can provide greater psycho-social support for students than traditional models. PMID:16675069

Henderson, Amanda; Twentyman, Michelle; Heel, Alison; Lloyd, Belinda

2006-05-03

63

Creating Environments of Success and Resilience: Culturally Responsive Classroom Management and More  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating safe and productive environments with a diverse student population requires more than the strategies recommended in the original classroom-management literature. Drawing from the literature on culturally responsive classroom management, psychologically supportive classroom environments, and building resilience, the authors describe the…

Bondy, Elizabeth; Ross, Dorene D.; Gallingane, Caitlin; Hambacher, Elyse

2007-01-01

64

Personal correlates of contrasting environments: Student satisfactions in high school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship of perceived environment of the high school classroom to student satisfactions and moods was assessed in two matched samples of 18 classrooms each. A number of significant and replicated relationships were found between the perceived environment and various satisfactions and moods. The strongest relationships with student satisfactions and positive student mood involved those classrooms emphasizing personal relationship dimensions

Edison J. Trickett; Rudolf H. Moos

1974-01-01

65

Family Relationships, Academic Environments, and Psychosocial Development during the University Experience: A Longitudinal Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cohort-sequential study assessed family and university environment on identity formation and ego strength. Findings indicated few developmental changes over 2 years. Intellectual and supportive academic departments and democratic family life predicted ego strength. The effect of intellectual and supportive academic departments on psychosocial

Adams, Gerald R.; Ryan, Bruce A.; Keating, Leo

2000-01-01

66

Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden – Physical and psychosocial work environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees

Inga-Lill Engkvist

2010-01-01

67

What do police officers value in the classroom? : A qualitative study of the classroom social environment in law enforcement education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This qualitative study seeks to gather rich, narrative data from police officers on the social environment of law enforcement classrooms and the classroom experiences valued most by law enforcement officers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study used interview data from a focus group, as well as individual interviews. Findings – Data revealed one predominant theme, students' preference for adult education

Janet R. Oliva; Michael T. Compton

2010-01-01

68

Psychosocial environments of black colleges: A theory-based assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holland's theory of person environment interactions has considerable potential for helping to integrate environmental psychology with personality social psychology. This study applied measures based on his theory to the environments of black colleges. Compared to the U.S. labor force as a whole, blacks are over represented in social service careers and under represented in technical and managerial careers, and it

James M. Richards

1987-01-01

69

Achievement goals, the classroom environment, and reflective thinking: A conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Introduction: Research pertaining to achievement,goals and reflective thinking practice has received considerable attention in educational psychology. However, very few, if any, studies have looked at the impact of the ,classroom ,climate and how ,this psychosocial milieu may influence students’ engagement,in achievement goals and reflective thinking practice in learn-

Huy P. Phan

2008-01-01

70

Interactions between Psychosocial and Built Environment Factors in Explaining Older Adults' Physical Activity  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate ecological model predictions of cross-level interactions among psychosocial and environmental correlates of physical activity in 719 community-dwelling older adults in the Baltimore, Maryland and Seattle, Washington areas during 2005-2008. Method Walkability, access to parks and recreation facilities and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) minutes per week (min/week) were measured objectively. Neighborhood aesthetics, walking facilities, social support, self-efficacy, barriers and transportation and leisure walking min/week were self-reported. Results Walkability interacted with social support in explaining total MVPA (B = 13.71) and with social support (B = 7.90), self-efficacy (B = 7.66) and barriers (B = ?8.26) in explaining walking for transportation. Aesthetics interacted with barriers in explaining total MVPA (B = ?12.20) and walking facilities interacted with self-efficacy in explaining walking for leisure (B = ?10.88; Ps < .05). Summarizing across the interactions, living in a supportive environment (vs. unsupportive) was related to 30-59 more min/week of physical activity for participants with more positive psychosocial attributes, but only 0-28 more min/week for participants with less positive psychosocial attributes. Conclusion Results supported synergistic interactions between built environment and psychosocial factors in explaining physical activity among older adults. Findings suggest multilevel interventions may be most effective in increasing physical activity.

Carlson, Jordan A.; Sallis, James F.; Conway, Terry L.; Saelens, Brian E.; Frank, Lawrence D.; Kerr, Jacqueline; Cain, Kelli L.; King, Abby C.

2011-01-01

71

Creating Successful Learning Environments Using a Web-Enhanced One Computer Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses creating a successful learning environment in the one-computer classroom. The first section addresses why the one-computer classroom has evolved. The second section covers what an instructor can accomplish with just one computer in the classroom, including the following four elements that are generated by the computer in the…

Edwards, Terri; Hilburn, Sue; Crawford, Caroline M.

72

Impact of Professional Development on the Literacy Environments of Preschool Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This longitudinal study examined the effects of a comprehensive professional development program on literacy environments of preschool classroom/teacher units. The Early Language & Literacy Classroom Observation Toolkit (ELLCO) was used to assess effects of treatment. Forty (40) classroom/teacher units, representing 14 preschool centers,…

Grace, Cathy; Bordelon, Denise; Cooper, Pat; Kazelskis, Richard; Reeves, Carolyn; Thames, Dana G.

2008-01-01

73

Relationship between school-level and classroom-level environments in secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigates relationships between school and classroom environment. Explains how in Australian secondary schools, instruments were developed and validated for assessing seven dimensions of school environment (empowerment, student support, affiliation, professional interest, mission consensus, resource adequacy and work pressure) and seven dimensions of classroom environment (student affiliation, interactions, co-operation, task orientation, order and organization, individualization and teacher control). The study involved

Jeffrey P. Dorman; Barry J. Fraser; Campbell J. McRobbie

1997-01-01

74

Development and Datametric Properties of a Scale Measuring Students' Perceptions of the Classroom Assessment Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each classroom has its own assessment environment perceived by the students and springs from the teacher's assessment practices. Although students' perceptions of the assessment environment may influence their achievement-related outcomes, little attention has been given to the measurement of perceived classroom assessment environment. This study…

Alkharusi, Hussain

2011-01-01

75

The Family Environment as a Moderator of Psychosocial Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study sought to determine whether the family environment moderates psychosocial outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in young children. Method: Participants were recruited prospectively from consecutive hospital admissions of 3- to 6-year-old children, and included 19 with severe TBI, 56 with complicated mild\\/moderate TBI, and 99 with orthopedic injuries (OI). They completed 4 assessments across the first 18

Keith Owen Yeates; H. Gerry Taylor; Nicolay Chertkoff Walz; Terry Stancin; Shari L. Wade

2010-01-01

76

Expanding Our Understanding of the Psychosocial Work Environment: A Compendium of Measures of Discrimination, Harassment and Work Family Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is broad recognition that the psychosocial environment at work can affect physical and mental health as well as organizational outcomes such as work performance and effectiveness. This has been the focus of publications, recommendations and conferen...

A. Kalaja D. Cazeca L. Punnett L. Tsurikova M. A. Bond P. Markkanen S. Daniel

2007-01-01

77

Psychometrics and Observations: Issues in a Dual Approach to the Study of Classroom Learning Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anthropological methods of classroom observation were combined with the results of student responses to three questionnaires in a study of classroom learning environments. The questionnaires were: Learning Environment Inventory, Class Activities Questionnaire, and ALP (Authenticity, Legitimacy, Productivity) Ethos Instrument. Although the…

Cichon, Donald J.; Olson, George E.

78

ASSESSING THE COMPARABILITY OF CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENTS IN GRADUATE SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION DELIVERED VIA INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the comparison of MSW student perceptions of the classroom learning environment among one on-campus and two distance sites linked electronically via interactive instructional television for 13 courses from 1994 through 1998. The authors describe supports provided by the school to make the distance classroom environments comparable. Data analysis revealed no statistically significant differences in students' overall perceptions

Paul P. Freddolino; Cheryl A. Sutherland

2000-01-01

79

Using Student Perceptions to Compare Actual and Preferred Classroom Environment in Queensland Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment were investigated using the "What is happening in this class? questionnaire" (WIHIC). The WIHIC assesses seven classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, task orientation, investigation, cooperation and equity. A sample of 978 secondary…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.

2008-01-01

80

Using Student Perceptions to Compare Actual and Preferred Classroom Environment in Queensland Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment were investigated using the "What is happening in this class? questionnaire" (WIHIC). The WIHIC assesses seven classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, task orientation, investigation, cooperation and equity. A sample of 978 secondary…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.

2008-01-01

81

What Classroom Environments Tell about the Pedagogical Aspects of Subject Matter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a cross-cultural comparison of United States, English and Welsh students' perceptions of secondary classroom environments in six academic disciplines. Variable differences in classroom environments were found to exist on the basis of academic discipline, nationality, age and gender. Subject matter patterns suggest that the nature of the…

McEachron, Gail; Baker, Colin; Bracken, Bruce A.

2003-01-01

82

Effects of Classroom Environment on Science Attitudes: A Crosscultural Replication in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-phase study, with a different sample for each phase, involved a total of 1125 secondary school students in Indonesia. The first phase involving 373 grade 8 and 9 students was used to develop and validate an Indonesian classroom environment instrument with eight scales based on the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire and the…

Schibeci, Renato; And Others

83

Effects of teachers' assessment practices on ninth grade students' perceptions of classroom assessment environment and achievement goal orientations in Muscat science classrooms in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classroom assessment is a continual activity for teachers to improve the quality of instruction and motivate students to learn (Brookhart, 1999; Gronlund, 2006). Although there is a great deal of research on teachers' classroom assessment practices, few empirical research attempts have been made to link these practices to students' perceptions of classroom assessment environment and motivation defined in terms of

Hussain A. Al Kharusi

2007-01-01

84

Three-level Mechanism Design for Profile Utilization in Digital Classroom Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more researchers emphasize the importance of teachers' roles in technology-enhanced digital classroom, especially when the classroom mode is transformed from teacher-led instruction to student-centered learning. In such digital classroom environment, it is significant for teachers to understand students' learning statuses at any moment, and further offer adaptive assistants to students. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a three-level

Wei-En CHEN; Pokey CHEN; Zhi-Hong CHEN; Calvin C. Y. LIAO

85

Modifying the Classroom Environment to Increase Engagement and Decrease Disruption with Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine the effect of physical modifications on the academic engagement and disruptive behavior of Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing students in self-contained classrooms. Three classrooms at a school for the Deaf were modified after consultation with the classroom teachers. The modifications of the classroom environment

Guardino, Caroline; Antia, Shirind D.

2012-01-01

86

Intrinsic motivation and young language learners: the impact of the classroom environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quasi-experimental study examined the influence of classroom learning environment on L2 intrinsic motivation of young foreign language learners in a predominantly monolingual context. Classroom observation was conducted to obtain data on the instructional practice and learning process in both the experimental group and the control group. An interview measure of intrinsic motivation, perceived competence and perceived autonomy was administered

Xinyi Wu

2003-01-01

87

Student Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environments: Development of the ClassMaps Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to describe the means, variability, internal consistency reliability, and structural validity evidence of the ClassMaps Survey, a measure of student perceptions of classroom learning environments. The ClassMaps Survey is a 55-item student rating scale of eight important classroom characteristics. The survey provides…

Doll, Beth; Spies, Robert A.; LeClair, Courtney M.; Kurien, Sarah A.; Foley, Brett P.

2010-01-01

88

Business Ethics Teaching: Using Conversational Learning to Build an Effective Classroom Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building an effective classroom learningenvironment requires that business ethicsteachers pay particular attention to creating aclassroom environment that values the ideasothers have to offer. This article discussesthe importance of conversational learning tobusiness ethics teaching for effectivelearning. The paper also considers thebusiness ethics teacher's role in using aconversational learning approach to teachingbusiness ethics and some learning processesused to create a classroom climate

Ronald R. Sims

2004-01-01

89

Student Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environments: Development of the ClassMaps Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the means, variability, internal consistency reliability, and structural validity evidence of the ClassMaps Survey, a measure of student perceptions of classroom learning environments. The ClassMaps Survey is a 55-item student rating scale of eight important classroom characteristics. The survey provides a…

Doll, Beth; Spies, Robert A.; LeClair, Courtney M.; Kurien, Sarah A.; Foley, Brett P.

2010-01-01

90

Academic Achievement and Perceptions of the Learning Environment in Virtual and Traditional Secondary Mathematics Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined Algebra students' achievement and perceptions of their classroom environments in both online and traditional face-to-face learning contexts using two validated assessments, the Assessment of Algebraic Understanding (AAU) test and the What is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) classroom perceptions instrument. Three virtual and three traditional schools in three different states participated. Quantitative analysis revealed that online students

Joan E. Hughes; Scott McLeod; Rachel Brown; Yukiko Maeda; Jiyoung Choi

2007-01-01

91

Cognitive Apprenticeship in Computer-Mediated Feedback: Creating a Classroom Environment to Increase Feedback and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study of 1 teacher and 10 students in an Advanced Placement English class explores the role of computer-mediated feedback in the creation of a classroom learning environment that was supported through hybrid learning experiences. Data sources included classroom observations, online conversations, interviews with 10 high…

Boling, Erica C.; Beatty, Jeanine

2010-01-01

92

Change in Teacher Candidates' Metaphorical Images about Classroom Management in a Social Constructivist Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to understand the conceptual change teacher candidates went through in a constructivist learning environment in a classroom management course. Within a qualitative case study design, teacher candidates' metaphorical images about classroom management were obtained through document analysis before and after they were…

Akar, Hanife; Yildirim, Ali

2009-01-01

93

Promoting kindergarten children’s creativity in the classroom environment in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at investigating teachers’ classroom practices, which either stimulate or inhibit the development of the creative environment of classrooms in Jordan, and determining the differences between practices according to educational level, experience level and type of teaching. The sample of the study consisted of 215 kindergarten teachers. A five?dimensional questionnaire consisting of 50 items was developed to achieve

Kholoud Dababneh; Fathi M. Ihmeideh

2010-01-01

94

Teacher epistemology and scientific inquiry in computerized classroom environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 20-week classroom-based study was conducted to investigate the extent to which a computerized learning environment could facilitate students' development of higher-level thinking skills associated with scientific inquiry. In two classes students' interactions with a scientific data base - Birds of Antarctica - were closely monitored, and the mediating roles of the teachers' epistemologies were examined. Interpretive data were generated and analyzed in relation to a constructivist perspective on learning. In the class where the teacher implemented a constructivist-oriented pedagogy, students took advantage of enhanced opportunities to generate creative questions and conduct complex scientific investigations. These higher-level thinking skills were much less evident in the class in which a more transmissionist-oriented pedagogy prevailed. The results of the study suggest that it is not the computer itself that facilitates inquiry learning; the teacher's epistemology is a key mediating influence on students' use of the computer as a tool of scientific inquiry.Received: 24 January 1994; Revised: 9 January 1995;

Maor, Dorit; Taylor, Peter Charles

95

Neighborhood food environment role in modifying psychosocial stress-diet relationships.  

PubMed

Exposure to highly palatable foods may increase eating in response to stress, but this behavioral response has not been examined in relation to the neighborhood food environment. This study examined whether the neighborhood food environment modified relationships between psychosocial stress and dietary behaviors. Probability-sample survey (n=460) and in-person food environment audit data were used. Dietary behaviors were measured using 17 snack food items and a single eating-out-of-home item. Chronic stress was derived from five subscales; major life events was a count of nine items. The neighborhood food environment was measured as availability of large grocery stores, small grocery stores, and convenience stores, as well as proportion of restaurants that were fast food. Two-level hierarchical regression models were estimated. Snack food intake was positively associated with convenience store availability and negatively associated with large grocery store availability. The measures of chronic stress and major life events were generally not associated with either dietary behavior overall, although Latinos were less likely to eat out at high levels of major life events than African Americans. Stress-neighborhood food environment interactions were not statistically significant. Important questions remain regarding the role of the neighborhood food environment in the stress-diet relationship that warrant further investigation. PMID:23415977

Zenk, Shannon N; Schulz, Amy J; Izumi, Betty T; Mentz, Graciela; Israel, Barbara A; Lockett, Murlisa

2013-02-13

96

Single-sex school boys’ perceptions of coeducational classroom learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews in many countries have found little evidence of consistent advantages in either single-sex education or coeducation.\\u000a Over the last three decades, coeducation has been introduced into many single-sex schools, but there is a dearth of evidence\\u000a from the student perspective of the impact of such changes on the classroom learning environment. The Individualised Classroom\\u000a Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) was administered

Shirley M. Yates

2011-01-01

97

The classroom learning environment as perceived by students in Arab elementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, students’ perceptions of the classroom learning environment in Arab elementary schools were investigated. The\\u000a sample included 261 students from Grades 5 and 6. The questionnaire was developed at an Arab college of teacher education\\u000a by 16 fourth-year student teachers who were completing their studies toward a BEd degree. Articles on classroom learning environment\\u000a were distributed to the

Mahmood Khalil; Vered Saar

2009-01-01

98

Evaluation of a Classroom-Based Psychosocial Intervention in Conflict-Affected Nepal: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: In situations of ongoing violence, childhood psychosocial and mental health problems require care. However, resources and evidence for adequate interventions are scarce for children in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated a school-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected, rural Nepal. Methods: A cluster…

Jordans, Mark J. D.; Komproe, Ivan H.; Tol, Wietse A.; Kohrt, Brandon A.; Luitel, Nagendra P.; Macy, Robert D.; de Jong, Joop T. V. M.

2010-01-01

99

Teacher Attitudes, Perceived Influences, and Self-Reported Classroom Behaviors Related to School Nutrition Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study determined attitudes of kindergarten through fifth grade teachers about school nutrition environments, their perceived influence on school nutrition environments, and self-reported classroom behaviors. Specific objectives were to: (a) identify perceived factors that influence the school nutrition environment, according to teachers…

Girard, Beverly Lawler

2010-01-01

100

Treatment of psychotic children in a classroom environment: I. Learning in a large group1  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate systematically the feasibility of modifying the behavior of autistic children in a classroom environment. In the first experiment, eight autistic children were taught certain basic classroom behaviors (including attending to the teacher upon command, imitation, and an elementary speaking and recognition vocabulary) that were assumed to be necessary for subsequent learning to take place in the classroom. Based on research documenting the effectiveness of one-to-one (teacher-child ratio) procedures for modifying such behaviors, these behaviors were taught in one-to-one sessions. It was, however, found that behaviors taught in a one-to-one setting were not performed consistently in a classroom-sized group, or even in a group as small as two children with one teacher. Further, the children evidenced no acquisition of new behaviors in a classroom environment over a four-week period. Therefore, Experiment II introduced a treatment procedure based upon “fading in” the classroom stimulus situation from the one-to-one stimulus situation. Such treatment was highly effective in producing both a transfer in stimulus control and the acquisition of new behaviors in a kindergarten/first-grade classroom environment.

Koegel, Robert L.; Rincover, Arnold

1974-01-01

101

Psychosocial work environment and intention to leave the nursing profession: Results from the longitudinal Chinese NEXT study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: A shortage of nurses happens not only in developed countries, but also in developing countries, such as in China, but the nurse turnover here makes the situation worse. Why do Chinese nurses want to leave the nursing profession? Our hypothesis is that unfavourable psychosocial work environment could predict nurses' intention to leave (ITL). Methods: Collaborating with the EU NEXT

JIAN LI; H UA FU; YAN HU; LI SHANG; YINGHUI WU; TAGE SØNDERGA; BERND HANS MUELLER; HANS MARTIN HASSELHORN

102

Psychosocial work environment and depressive symptoms among US workers: comparing working poor and working non-poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The psychosocial work environment has been associated with mental health outcomes; however, little research has examined this\\u000a relationship for low-wage workers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychosocial job\\u000a characteristics and depressive symptoms for US workers using an expanded model of job quality.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Data were from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce, a

Leigh Ann Simmons; Jennifer E. Swanberg

2009-01-01

103

A review of the effect of the psychosocial working environment on physiological changes in blood and urine.  

PubMed

The aim of the present survey was to provide a literary review of current knowledge of the possible association between the psychosocial working environment and relevant physiological parameters measured in blood and urine. Literature databases (PubMed, Toxline, Biosis and Embase) were screened using the key words job, work-related and stress in combination with selected physiological parameters. In total, 51 work place studies investigated the associations between the psychosocial working environment and physiological changes, of which 20 were longitudinal studies and 12 population-based studies. The studied exposures in work place/population-based studies included: job demands (26/8 studies), job control (24/10 studies), social support and/or leadership behaviour (12/3 studies), effort-reward imbalance (three/one studies), occupational changes (four studies), shift work (eight studies), traumatic events (one study) and other (five studies). The physiological responses were catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline) (14 studies), cortisol (28 studies), cholesterol (23 studies), glycated haemoglobinA(1c) (six studies), testosterone (nine studies), oestrogens (three studies), dehydroepiandrosterone (six studies), prolactin (14 studies), melatonin (one study), thyroxin (one study), immunoglobulin (Ig) A (five studies), IgG (four studies), IgM (one study) and fibrinogen (eight studies). In general, fibrinogen and catabolic indicators, defined as energy releasing, were increased, whereas the anabolic indicators defined as constructive building up energy resources were decreased when the psychosocial working environment was perceived as poor. In conclusion, in this review the association between an adverse psychosocial working environment and HbA(1c), testosterone and fibrinogen in serum was found to be a robust and potential candidate for a physiological effect of the psychosocial working environment. Further, urinary catecholamines appear to reflect the effects of shift work and monotonous work. PMID:19563453

Hansen, Ase M; Larsen, Ann Dyreborg; Rugulies, Reiner; Garde, Anne H; Knudsen, Lisbeth E

2009-06-26

104

Improving the psychosocial work environment at multi-ethnic workplaces: a multi-component intervention strategy in the cleaning industry.  

PubMed

Global labour migration has increased in recent years and immigrant workers are often recruited into low status and low paid jobs such as cleaning. Research in a Danish context shows that immigrants working in the cleaning industry often form social networks based on shared languages and backgrounds, and that conflict between different ethnic groups may occur. This paper evaluates the impact of a multi-component intervention on the psychosocial work environment at a multi-ethnic Danish workplace in the cleaning sector. The intervention included Danish lessons, vocational training courses, and activities to improve collaboration across different groups of cleaners. Interviews about the outcome of the intervention were conducted with the cleaners and their supervisor. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used as a supplement to the interviews. The results suggest that the psychosocial work environment had improved after the intervention. According to the interviews with the cleaners, the intervention had led to improved communication, trust, and collaboration. These findings are supported by the questionnaire where social support from supervisor and colleagues, social community, trust, and teamwork seem to have improved together with meaning of work, rewards, and emotional demands. The design of the intervention may provide inspiration for future psychosocial work environment interventions at multi-ethnic work places. PMID:24129115

Smith, Louise Hardman; Hviid, Kirsten; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2013-10-14

105

Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) - Year 5 Evaluation: Classroom Practices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report summarizes the results of the SRI, Inc. evaluation of classroom practices for the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) program. For the past two years, SRI's evaluations have focused on providing data to help this international science and education program refine its partnership approach to teacher training and support. In the Year 5 evaluation, they have taken a closer look at the classroom adaptations of GLOBE, examining ways in which teachers have adapted elements of GLOBE to their particular classrooms and priorities as well as the institutional supports that facilitate sustained program participation.

Means, Barbara

2000-12-01

106

The Print Environment in Kindergartens: A Study of Conventional and Holistic Teachers and Their Classrooms in Three Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses physical print environment of 18 kindergarten classrooms, addressing whether literacy was honored with materials and special places for reading/writing. Finds suburban and holistic classrooms had more writing tools and print than urban, rural, and conventional settings. Concludes print-poor classrooms do not honor literacy, and…

Beagle, Kimberly Geiger; Dowhower, Sarah L.

1998-01-01

107

Faculty-Preferred Strategies to Promote a Positive Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency and seriousness of disruptive student behaviors and the effective strategies used by educators to manage these classroom behaviors. At a mid-sized state university, 228 of 780 faculty members (29.2%) completed a 76-item survey. Results indicated that as faculty members' participation in…

Black, Laurel Johnson; Wygonik, Mindy L.; Frey, Barbara A.

2011-01-01

108

Effective Teaching Practices that Promote a Positive Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Establishing effective academic instruction, effective classroom management, and building relationships can all be accomplished with the application of observable and measurable practices. How an individual applies these practices will vary, yet common components of effective teaching are omnipresent. Across academic instruction, behavior…

MacSuga-Gage, Ashley S.; Simonsen, Brandi; Briere, Donald E.

2012-01-01

109

Developing dance interaction between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment: plans for the first steps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the early stages of a study designed to understand the development of dance interactions between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment. The study is part of a project to explore the potential use of interactive robots as instructional tools in education. After 3 months observation period, we are starting the experiment. The experimental environment, component technologies,

Fumihide Tanaka; Bret Fortenberry; Kazuki Aisaka; Javier R. Movellan

2005-01-01

110

Plans for Developing Real-time Dance Interaction between QRIO and Toddlers in a Classroom Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the early stages of a study designed to understand the development of dance interactions between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment. The study is part of a project to explore the potential use of interactive robots as instructional tools in education. After 3 months observation period, we are starting the experiment. After explaining the experimental environment,

Fumihide Tanaka; Bret Fortenberry; Kazuki Aisaka; Javier R. Movellan

2005-01-01

111

Making Visible the Behaviors that Influence Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration of Computer Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors conducted ethnographic research to provide deep understanding of the learning environment of a selection of computer science classrooms at a large, research university in the United States. Categories emerging from data analysis included (1) impersonal environment and guarded behavior; and (2) the creation and maintenance of informal…

Barker, Lecia J.; Garvin-Doxas, Kathy

2004-01-01

112

The Columbia Classroom Environments Project...Fourth Progress Report, December 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Columbia Classroom Environments Project (CCEP) report discusses a number of questions about a set of dimensions of learning and development as well as the instruments the project was developing for the analysis of behavior in learning environments. Joseph C. Grannis examines The Argument, Assumptions, Definitions, Hypothesis; Rochelle Mayer…

Grannis, Joseph C.

113

Making Visible the Behaviors that Influence Learning Environment: A Qualitative Exploration of Computer Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted ethnographic research to provide deep understanding of the learning environment of a selection of computer science classrooms at a large, research university in the United States. Categories emerging from data analysis included (1) impersonal environment and guarded behavior; and (2) the creation and maintenance of informal…

Barker, Lecia J.; Garvin-Doxas, Kathy

2004-01-01

114

The Literacy Environment of Preschool Classrooms: Contributions to Children's Emergent Literacy Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations among features of the classroom physical literacy environment (book materials, literacy area and writing materials) and psychological literacy environment (instructional support), and preschool children's gains in two areas of emergent literacy over an academic year. Results showed that features of the physical…

Guo, Ying; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; McGinty, Anita

2012-01-01

115

Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes among Students Using Anthropometry Activities in High-School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this research was to evaluate the use of anthropometric activities among a sample of 761 high-school biology students in terms of student outcomes (achievement and attitudes) and classroom environment (assessed with the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory, SLEI). Data analyses supported the SLEI's factorial validity,…

Lightburn, Millard E.; Fraser, Barry J.

2007-01-01

116

Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes among Students Using Anthropometry Activities in High-School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research was to evaluate the use of anthropometric activities among a sample of 761 high-school biology students in terms of student outcomes (achievement and attitudes) and classroom environment (assessed with the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory, SLEI). Data analyses supported the SLEI's factorial validity,…

Lightburn, Millard E.; Fraser, Barry J.

2007-01-01

117

The Literacy Environment of Preschool Classrooms: Contributions to Children's Emergent Literacy Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relations among features of the classroom physical literacy environment (book materials, literacy area and writing materials) and psychological literacy environment (instructional support), and preschool children's gains in two areas of emergent literacy over an academic year. Results showed that features of the physical…

Guo, Ying; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; McGinty, Anita

2012-01-01

118

Classroom acoustics I: The acoustical learning environment: Participatory action research in classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study used participatory fieldwork in a number of kindergarten through eighth grade classrooms. The meters of ~ a~ustic =ti~g fiat suppfi a l-ing environmentare mmplex. Dynamic interactions among all participants (administrators, teachers, students, parents and research team members) makes a difference in learning. It was found that what people do in classr~ms depends on the ~ial make-up, anticipated

Mary Jo Hasell; Philip Abbott; Gary W. Siebein; Martin A. Gold; Hee Won Lee; Mitchell Lehde; John Ashby; Michael Ermann; Carl C. Crandell

1998-01-01

119

Psychosocial environment for the integrated education opportunities of the disabled in Lithuania  

PubMed Central

Background The policy of the diminution of the social isolation of the disabled is the main objective of the strategy of the EU new policy concerning the disabled. Lithuanian society faces this objective as well. For this reason, this study aiming at providing the theoretical basis for and predicting the possible psycho-social environment in an integrated education system, as well as at the evaluation of the reasons for the formation of a positive approach to the disabled, is especially relevant, since it creates the prerequisites for the optimisation of the process of the integration of disabled schoolchildren into the general system of education. Method The sample of the study consisted of 2471 children from the same schools: not integrated (1958), integrated (126) and special schools (382). Empirical methods: questionnaire poll, comparative analysis. The statistical analysis was carried out using SAS. Results Our study showed that the majority of schoolchildren without disabilities and disabled schoolchildren have positive intentions for interpersonal interactions (>82%) and positive emotions (>69%) independently of the discrepant character of interpersonal contacts, different conditions of education and family life, and despite of low level of knowledge. Conclusion The results of the study confirmed positive intentions for interpersonal interaction between disabled schoolchildren and schoolchildren without disabilities, as well as a positive character of emotions, and disprove the unsound myth of the opponents of the social integration of the disabled stating that disabled children in comprehensive schools would undoubtedly experience offence from their peers without disabilities.

Samsoniene, Laimute; Juozulynas, Algirdas; Surkiene, Gene; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Luksiene, Aloyza

2006-01-01

120

Does Math Self-Efficacy Mediate the Effect of the Perceived Classroom Environment on Standardized Math Test Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the effect of the perceived classroom environment on math self-efficacy and the effect of math self-efficacy on standardized math test performance. Upper elementary school students (N = 1,163) provided self-reports of their perceived math self-efficacy and the degree to which their math classroom environment was mastery oriented,…

Fast, Lisa A.; Lewis, James L.; Bryant, Michael J.; Bocian, Kathleen A.; Cardullo, Richard A.; Rettig, Michael; Hammond, Kimberly A.

2010-01-01

121

Using Large Shared Displays to Create a Collaborative Classroom Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal in this work is to create a more collaborative learning environment in the classroom, by designing and implementing a system infrastructure to support easy use and management of a large shared (tiled) display. Through this shared display space, instructor and student interaction is facilitated. This large display space provides the primary means of presentation of lecture material, allowing

Patrick E. Mantey; Jeremy Richards

122

The Electronic Classroom: A Handbook for Education in the Electronic Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book explores emerging technologies and their use in secondary and higher education and in private, corporate, and government training environments. In addition to providing specific classroom applications of technology, the book treats issues of research, technology assessment, legal, copyright, and privacy rights, ethical considerations,…

Boschmann, Erwin, Ed.

123

A Study of Measures of Classroom Learning Environments. Technical Report Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with the following topics: (1) the extent to which three different learning environment instruments and their underlying conceptual framework are empirically related, and (2) the extent to which intensive observation of classrooms aids in the interpretation of instruments' characterizations of a class. In the first part of the…

Cichon, Donald J.; Olson, George E.

124

Teachers' Perceptions of Geometry Instruction and the Learning Environment in Years 9-10 ESL Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the development of an instrument to assess teachers' views on their geometry instruction and their classroom learning environments in six government high schools in southwest Sydney. The sample consisted of 18 Years 9/10 ESL teachers from participating schools. The study involved completion of a survey form using a modified…

Ly, Rinna K.; Malone, John A.

2010-01-01

125

The teaching voice on the learning platform: seeking classroom climates within a virtual learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

University staff are now encouraged to supplement their classroom activity with computer?based tools and resources accessible through virtual learning environments (VLEs). Meanwhile, university students increasingly make recreational use of computer networks in the form of various social software applications. This paper explores tensions of presentation and communication between these two contexts. Through analysing a large number of course websites, the

Charles Crook; Robert Cluley

2009-01-01

126

The Classroom Learning Environment as Perceived by Students in Arab Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, students' perceptions of the classroom learning environment in Arab elementary schools were investigated. The sample included 261 students from Grades 5 and 6. The questionnaire was developed at an Arab college of teacher education by 16 fourth-year student teachers who were completing their studies toward a BEd degree. Articles on…

Khalil, Mahmood; Saar, Vered

2009-01-01

127

Associations between Chinese Language classroom environments and students' motivation to learn the language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between the nature of Chinese Language Classroom Environments and Singapore secondary school students' motivation to learn the Chinese Language were investigated. A sample of 1,460 secondary three (grade 9) students from 50 express stream (above average academic ability) classes in Singapore government secondary schools was involved in the study. The perceptual measure approach was used to investigate the nature

Siew Lian Chua

2009-01-01

128

Classroom Learning Environment and Creative Performance: Some Differences among Caribbean Territories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A class inventory and two creativity measures were administered to 350 sixth-grade students in three Caribbean territories (Barbados, Grenada, and St. Vincent). Analyses indicated that Barbadian schools have a more favorable classroom learning environment for creative production than the other two territories. Barbadian students also demonstrated…

Richardson, Arthur G.

1988-01-01

129

Introducing Real-Time AVHRR-APT Satellite Imagery in the Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A low-cost (US$350) satellite receiving station was assembled and operated within a classroom environment in Gainesville (Florida) on October 2001 for acquiring satellite data directly from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satellites. The simplicity of the satellite signal makes this source of real-time satellite data readily…

Moxey, Lucas; Tucker, Compton; Sloan, Jim; Chadwick, John

2004-01-01

130

Can We Bring the Natural Environment into the Art Classroom? Can Natural Sound Foster Creativity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the relationship between the natural world and its potential benefits to the art classroom environment. In particular, it considers the following research question: Can natural sound foster creativity? The study investigates the role of natural sound on creative ability in girls' intermediate schools (12 to 15 years) in…

Alawad, Abeer

2012-01-01

131

Students' Perceptions of Classroom Instructional Environments in the Context of "Universal Design for Learning"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a sample of 867 students in Grades 5-12, the present study investigated whether students' perceptions toward the instructional environment in classrooms that employed Universal Design for Learning differed by school grade level and teacher gender. High-school students in the study showed higher perception scores than upper-elementary or…

Abell, Michael M.; Jung, Eunjoo; Taylor, Matthew

2011-01-01

132

Motivational Goal Orientation, Perceptions of Biology and Physics Classroom Learning Environments, and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers have reported persuasive evidence that students' perceptions of their classroom learning environment account for significant variance in cognitive and affective outcomes (e.g. intrinsic motivation, self-concept, liking for particular subjects and students' intention to drop out). The study reported in this paper investigated the…

Koul, Ravinder; Roy, Laura; Lerdpornkulrat, Thanita

2012-01-01

133

An Evaluation of Elementary School Science Kits in Terms of Classroom Environment and Student Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student perceptions of classroom environment can provide useful criteria for evaluating educational alternatives. The My Class Inventory (MCI) was used with 588 3rd- to 5th-grade students in Texas in evaluating the effectiveness of instruction using a textbook, science kits, or a combination of both. Various analyses attested to the factorial…

Houston, Linda Scott; Fraser, Barry J.; Ledbetter, Cynthia E.

2008-01-01

134

Effects of the Classroom Assessment Environment on Achievement in Mathematics and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of classroom assessment environment (CAE) variables on yearly achievement in mathematics and science in grades 7 through 12 were studied through the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY), using cohorts of approximately 3,000 students each in the 7th and 10th grades who were followed for 4 years. While the LSAY did not include all…

Brookhart, Susan M.

135

Single-Sex School Boys' Perceptions of Coeducational Classroom Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews in many countries have found little evidence of consistent advantages in either single-sex education or coeducation. Over the last three decades, coeducation has been introduced into many single-sex schools, but there is a dearth of evidence from the student perspective of the impact of such changes on the classroom learning environment.…

Yates, Shirley M.

2011-01-01

136

Locus of Control and Classroom Environment in Discriminating High and Low Self-Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improvement in self-concept may facilitate improvement in other areas such as learning and achievement. If the self-concept is formed through experiences with the environment, interactions with significant others, and attributions of one's own behavior, then the classroom atmosphere may be influential in the development of a positive or negative…

Bailey, Glenda K.; And Others

137

The effect of classroom environment on problem behaviors: A twin study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's behavior problems, both internalizing and externalizing, are a function of both genetic and environmental influences. One potentially important environmental influence is the classroom environment. This study of 1941 monozygotic twin pairs examined whether children whose parents rated them as similarly high or low on a number of problem behaviors were rated in the same way by teachers when they

Lisabeth Fisher DiLalla; Paula Y. Mullineaux

2008-01-01

138

A Few Design Perspectives on One-on-One Digital Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"1:1" educational computing refers to a scenario where every student in a group or class uses a computing device equipped with wireless communication capability to conduct a learning task. This paper, drawing from design experiences with our digital classroom environment series and other studies, attempts to describe a few valuable "1:1" design…

Liang, J.-K.; Liu, T.-C.; Wang, H.-Y.; Chang, B.; Deng, Y.-C.; Yang, J.-C.; Chou, C.-Y.; Ko, H.-W.; Yang, S.; Chan, T.-W.

2005-01-01

139

Students' Perceptions of Classroom Instructional Environments in the Context of "Universal Design for Learning"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a sample of 867 students in Grades 5-12, the present study investigated whether students' perceptions toward the instructional environment in classrooms that employed Universal Design for Learning differed by school grade level and teacher gender. High-school students in the study showed higher perception scores than upper-elementary or…

Abell, Michael M.; Jung, Eunjoo; Taylor, Matthew

2011-01-01

140

An Inservice Teacher Training Process for Improving Constructivist Learning Environments in Thai Small School Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a teacher training process conducted in Thailand (2006) using in class and at-school activities that resulted in changes in teachers' competencies to improve their classroom environments using a constructivist perspective. The process was conducted nearly one year. First, with the cooperation of university staff, educational-area supervisors and principals, research teams were constructed. Secondly, a training process was

Darrell Fisher

141

Design in the Classroom: Exploring the Built Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design and the built environment are subjects of concern to Maine communities. State mandated town planning, new school construction, and the Department of Transportation plans to rebuild roads and bridges elicit public discussion. The study of design encourages elementary students to enter this public forum as informed citizens. The study of…

Maine Arts Commission, Augusta.

142

Internet Safety Gone Wild? Sacrificing the Educational and Psychosocial Benefits of Online Social Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many Internet safety and parenting experts suggest that parents prohibit their teens from social networking sites and other online spaces where predators may lurk. But we may do adolescents a disservice when we curtail their participation in these spaces, because the educational and psychosocial benefits of this type of communication can far…

Tynes, Brendesha M.

2007-01-01

143

Internet Safety Gone Wild?Sacrificing the Educational and Psychosocial Benefits of Online Social Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Internet safety and parenting experts suggest that parents prohibit their teens from social networking sites and other online spaces where predators may lurk. But we may do adolescents a disservice when we curtail their participation in these spaces, because the educational and psychosocial benefits of this type of communication can far outweigh the potential dangers. These benefits include developing

Brendesha M. Tynes

2007-01-01

144

Individual Differences in Adolescents' Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Functioning Moderate Associations between Family Environment and Psychosocial Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study tested whether individual differences in autonomic nervous system functioning interact with environmental risk factors to predict adolescents' psychosocial functioning. The authors assessed skin conductance and respiratory sinus arrhythmia at rest and during laboratory stressors in 110 14-year-olds. Subsequently, adolescents and…

Diamond, Lisa M.; Fagundes, Christopher P.; Cribbet, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

145

An Investigation of Relationships Between Fifth Grade Students' Perception of the Physical Classroom Environment and Observed Environmental Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory field study was conducted in 42 self-contained, elementary grade classrooms in 18 school buildings. Subjects were 1,030 fifth-grade students. The purpose of the study was to determine the range of physical environmental conditions in the classrooms; and how students' perceptions of the physical environment (1) describe the…

Faust, Russell Weidner

146

Increasing Toy Play among Toddlers with and without Disabilities by Modifying the Structural Quality of the Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effects of modifying the structural quality components of inclusive classrooms on material engagement among toddlers (18-36 months) with and without disabilities were evaluated. Initially, three classrooms were evaluated using items that addressed structural quality from the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale, the National Association…

DiCarlo, Cynthia F.; Stricklin, Sarintha B.; Reid, Dennis H.

2006-01-01

147

Evaluation of a K–5 Mathematics Program Which Integrates Children’s Literature: Classroom Environment and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a one-year study of 120 fifth grade students whose teachers participated in a program entitled Project SMILE (Science and Mathematics Integrated with Literary Experiences). The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which the classroom implementation of Project SMILE positively influenced the classroom environment and student attitudes toward reading, writing and mathematics. This was

Deborah V. Mink; Barry J. Fraser

2005-01-01

148

An Investigation of Relationships Between Fifth Grade Students' Perception of the Physical Classroom Environment and Observed Environmental Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory field study was conducted in 42 self-contained, elementary grade classrooms in 18 school buildings. Subjects were 1,030 fifth-grade students. The purpose of the study was to determine the range of physical environmental conditions in the classrooms; and how students' perceptions of the physical environment (1) describe the…

Faust, Russell Weidner

149

The Interplay of the Classroom Learning Environment and Inquiry-based Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This quasi?experimental study investigates how the classroom learning environment changed after inquiry?based activities were introduced and student questioning was encouraged. Three science teachers and three classes of fifth graders (n=92) participated in this study. The analysis of covariance reveals that although the experimental group students perceived that their teacher’s support was significantly lower than that for the comparison group did

2009-01-01

150

Perceived learning environment and students' emotional experiences: A multilevel analysis of mathematics classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multilevel approach was used to analyse relationships between perceived classroom environments and emotions in mathematics. Based on Pekrun's (2000) [A social-cognitive, control-value theory of achievement emotions. In J. Heckhausen (Ed.), Motivational psychology of human development (pp. 143–163)] social-cognitive, control-value theory of achievement emotions, we hypothesized that environmental characteristics conveying control and value to the students would be related to

Anne C. Frenzel; Reinhard Pekrun; Thomas Goetz

2007-01-01

151

Supporting computer-mediated learning: A case study in online staff development and classroom learning environment assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth of online learning has led to the development of staff inservice evaluation models that are geared towards\\u000a improving degree programs. Based on best practices in student online assessment, the Online Faculty Development and Classroom\\u000a Learning Environment Assessment course was designed to serve the dual purpose of staff development and classroom learning\\u000a environment assessment. Results of analyses showed

Luis Miguel Villar Angulo; Olga María Alegre de la Rosa

2008-01-01

152

Comparison of Student Perceptions of Classroom Instruction: Traditional, Hybrid, and Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a project that examined student perceptions of the psychosocial learning environment in a distance education classroom. The study utilized a survey instrument, Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (DELES) that was distributed as a pre-test/post-test to three sections of the same course taught in three…

Biggs, Mary Jo Garcia

2006-01-01

153

Psychosocial work environment and intention to leave the nursing profession: a cross-national prospective study of eight countries.  

PubMed

Many countries throughout the world are facing a serious nursing shortage, and retention of nurses also is a challenge. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive contribution of a broad spectrum of psychosocial work factors, including job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and alternative employment opportunity, to the probability of intention to leave the nursing profession. A total of 7,990 registered female nurses working in hospitals in eight countries (Germany, Italy, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Poland, Slovakia, and China) were included in the one-year prospective study. A standardized questionnaire on job strain, effort-reward imbalance, employment opportunity, and intention to leave the nursing profession was used in the survey. Multilevel logistic regression modeling was used to analyze the data. Results showed that an imbalance between high effort and low reward (in particular, poor promotion prospects) and good employment opportunity at baseline were independently associated with a new intention to leave the nursing profession at follow-up. However, job strain appeared to have relatively less explanatory power. Findings suggest that interventions to improve the psychosocial work environment, especially the reciprocity experienced between effort and reward, may be effective in improving retention of nurses and tackling the international nursing shortage. PMID:24066419

Li, Jian; Shang, Li; Galatsch, Michael; Siegrist, Johannes; Miüller, Bernd Hans; Hasselhorn, Hans Martin

2013-01-01

154

Expanding the psychosocial work environment: workplace norms and work-family conflict as correlates of stress and health.  

PubMed

This study examined the contributions of organizational level norms about work requirements and social relations, and work-family conflict, to job stress and subjective health symptoms, controlling for Karasek's job demand-control-support model of the psychosocial work environment, in a sample of 1,346 employees from 56 firms in the Norwegian food and beverage industry. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that organizational norms governing work performance and social relations, and work-to-family and family-to-work conflict, explained significant amounts of variance for job stress. The cross-level interaction between work performance norms and work-to-family conflict was also significantly related to job stress. Work-to-family conflict was significantly related to health symptoms, but family-to-work conflict and organizational norms were not. PMID:14700459

Hammer, Tove Helland; Saksvik, Per Øystein; Nytrø, Kjell; Torvatn, Hans; Bayazit, Mahmut

2004-01-01

155

Bringing Off-Campus Students to the Digital Classroom Environment: The Design and Use of MSIE System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance education has been around for a while and allows students and professors from different geographic locations to share and learn from each other. This paper proposes a prototype mobile synchronous instruction environment (MSIE) that allows remote clients to connect to an existing digital classroom environment (DCE). We explored different scenarios of using our MSIE and DCE systems and conducted

Han-zen Chang; Yi-chan Deng; Mong-chen Chiang; Hui-chun Liao; Tak-wai Chan

2005-01-01

156

Prospective Elementary Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science and Perceptions of the Classroom Learning Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated prospective elementary teachers' understandings of the nature of science and explored associations with their guided-inquiry science learning environment. Over 500 female students completed the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Survey (NSKS), although only four scales were analyzed-Creative, Testable, Amoral, and Unified. The learning environment was assessed using previously-validated and reliable scales from What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) and the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI). Analyses indicated moderate multiple correlations that were statistically significant (p < 0.01) between Creative (R = 0.22), Testable (R = 0.29), and Unified (R = 0.27), and a positive learning environment. Regression coefficients revealed that Open-Endedness was a significant independent predictor of students' understanding of the role of creativity in science (? = 0.16), while Cooperation, Open-Endedness, and Material Environment were linked with understanding the testable nature of science (? = 0.10-0.12). Interview questions probed possible relationships between an improved understanding of the nature of science and elements of a positive classroom environment. Responses suggested that an appropriate level of open-endedness during investigations was very important as this helped students grapple with abstract nature of science concepts and shift their conceptions closer to a more realistic view of scientific practice.

Martin-Dunlop, Catherine S.

2012-05-01

157

Nature, Nurture, and Perceptions of the Classroom Environment as They Relate to Teacher?Assessed Academic Achievement: A twin study of nine?year?olds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although prior research has examined children’s perceptions of the classroom environment as related to academic achievement, genetically sensitive designs have not been employed. In the first study of its kind for the primary school classroom environment, data were collected for 3,020 pairs of nine?year?old identical and fraternal twin pairs in same and different classrooms on their perceptions in six domains:

Sheila O. Walker; Robert Plomin

2006-01-01

158

Differences in sociocultural environment perceptions associated with gender in science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An amount-of-learning outcome variable has been attributed to the environment in which teaching and learning are conducted. Studies carried out so far have, however, not focused on the sociocultural aspect of the classroom environment, which has been theorized to have potential influence on students' learning. The intent of this study was to examine the influence of five aspects of the sociocultural environment in science classes with particular reference to how these are perceived by boys and girls. The 30-item Socio-Cultural Environment Scale (SCES) developed by Jegede and Okebukola (1988) was used to collect data from 707 Nigerian secondary school students in Classes Four and Five (Grades 10 and 11, respectively). Authoritarianism, goal structure, African worldview, societal expectation, and sacredness of science were the five subscales studied. Sex differences were recorded in the societal expectation subscale. Most of the female subjects are of the opinion that society has a negative or low regard for their ability to do science and this has an effect on their motivation to undertake science-based careers. The reverse is true for boys. This perception is in agreement with the literature on sex differences in science education and highlights the social pressure that brings about subject preferences. The implications of these findings for science teaching and further research are highlighted.

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Akinsola Okebukola, Peter

159

Teaching and learning, professional development and computer technology: an action research case study of five classroom environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study documents the evolving form of the collaboratively designed professional development programs and the changes that took place in five classrooms when computers and related technologies were available and integrated into the teaching and learning environment. It also investigates the impact that this had on the teacher's view of how students \\

Glen Patterson

2001-01-01

160

The Cognitive and Affective Changes Caused by the Differentiated Classroom Environment Designed for the Subject of Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to analyze the cognitive (learning level) and affective (volunteering to study together, attitude towards the teacher and the lesson) changes which are caused by the differential classroom environment designed for the poetry subject in a Turkish lesson of the 6th grade in elementary education. Theory testing…

Avci, Suleyman; Yuksel, Arzu; Soyer, Makbule; Balikcioglu, Suzan

2009-01-01

161

On the Urban-Rural Differences in Classroom Environment in Compulsory Education in the Eastern Coastal Developed Areas of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Totally 789 students from 18 schools (9 primary schools and 9 junior high schools) at a medium managed level from Shanghai, Wenzhou, and Aojiang, which are located in the Eastern coastal developed areas of China were investigated with the questionnaire of Hong Kong Classroom Environment Scale in this study. The result indicates that the actual…

Sun, Furong; Xie, Limin

2008-01-01

162

Comparison of Preschoolers' Narratives, the Classroom Book Environment, and Teacher Attitudes toward Literacy Practices in Korea and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated Korean and U.S. preschoolers' personal and fictional narratives, their classroom book environments, and their teachers' attitudes about reading aloud. The participants were 70 Korean and American 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in 2 university lab preschools and their 4 teachers. The structures and content of the preschoolers'…

Lee, Young-Ja; Lee, Jeehyun; Han, Myae; Schickedanz, Judith A.

2011-01-01

163

Differences in Beginning Special Education Teachers: The Influence of Personal Attributes, Preparation, and School Environment on Classroom Reading Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little research exists to help us understand why some beginning special education teachers of reading engage in more effective classroom practices than others. Factors that may influence these differences include personal attributes, preparation, and school environment. This mixed-methods study examined beginning special education teachers (N =…

Bishop, Anne G.; Brownell, Mary T.; Klingner, Janette K.; Leko, Melinda M.; Galman, Sally A. C.

2010-01-01

164

A Comparison of Childrens' Statements about Social Relations and Teaching in the Classroom and in the Outdoor Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two teachers from a school in Copenhagen were allowed to move their third grade teaching into a forest every Thursday for three years. Thus 20% of the class's regular teaching took place in an outdoor environment. The purpose of the present study was to ask the children how they experienced lessons in the classroom and the forest settings.…

Mygind, Erik

2009-01-01

165

Educational and Career Interests in Math: A Longitudinal Examination of the Links between Classroom Environment, Motivational Beliefs, and Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing on the expectancy-value model, stage-environment fit theory, and self-determination theory, this study examined the longitudinal associations between classroom characteristics, expectancies-values, high school course enrollment, and career aspirations in the domain of math. Data were collected on 3,048 youth who reported on their…

Wang, Ming-Te

2012-01-01

166

Graphing in Groups: Learning about Lines in a Collaborative Classroom Network Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a design experiment in which we explore new structures for classroom collaboration supported by a classroom network of handheld graphing calculators. We describe a design for small group investigations of linear functions and present findings from its implementation in three high school algebra classrooms. Our coding of the…

White, Tobin; Wallace, Matthew; Lai, Kevin

2012-01-01

167

Required Changes in the Classroom Environment: It's a Matter of Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New York City Department of Education has recently set forth new mandates for the redesign of classrooms. Teachers must be taught how to redesign their classrooms correctly so that all students will be provided with the necessary space to accommodate their environmental learning-style preferences. By altering the classroom, teachers give some…

Burke, Karen; Burke-Samide, Barbara

2004-01-01

168

The Influence of a Technology-rich Classroom Environment on Elementary Teachers' Pedagogy and Children's Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal is to investigate the role of ICT within the complex inter-relationships amongst aspects of the classroom setting which contribute to young children's activity and learning. This paper focuses on the relationships between the many different features of the classroom which influence learning. These include the teacher's plans and classroom organisation, the way in which the teacher mediates subject

Steve Kennewell; Gary Beauchamp

169

Graphing in Groups: Learning about Lines in a Collaborative Classroom Network Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a design experiment in which we explore new structures for classroom collaboration supported by a classroom network of handheld graphing calculators. We describe a design for small group investigations of linear functions and present findings from its implementation in three high school algebra classrooms. Our coding of the…

White, Tobin; Wallace, Matthew; Lai, Kevin

2012-01-01

170

The environment and physical activity: The influence of psychosocial, perceived and built environmental factors  

PubMed Central

This study sought to integrate perceived and built environmental and individual factors into the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model to better understand adolescents' physical activity. Participants (n = 110) aged 12 to 17 years (M = 14.6 ± 1.55) were recruited from two large metropolitan high schools in Auckland, New Zealand, were included in the analysis. Participants completed measures of the revised TPB and the perceived environment. Individual factors such as ethnicity and level of deprivation were also collected. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software was used to measure the physical environment (walkability, access to physical activity facilities). Physical activity was assessed using the ActiGraph accelerometer and the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A). Data from the various sources were combined to develop an integrated model integrated for statistical analysis using structural equation modeling. The TPB model variables (intention and perceived behavioral control) explained 43% of the variance of PAQ-A. Unique and individual contributions were made by intention and PBC and home ownership of home equipment. The model explained 13% of time spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity (Actigraph). Unique and individual contribution was made by intention. Social cognitive variables were better predictors of both subjective and objective physical activity compared to perceived environmental and built environment factors. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Maddison, Ralph; Hoorn, Steven Vander; Jiang, Yannan; Mhurchu, Cliona Ni; Exeter, Daniel; Dorey, Enid; Bullen, Chris; Utter, Jennifer; Schaaf, David; Turley, Maria

2009-01-01

171

Objective and perceived neighborhood environment, individual SES and psychosocial factors, and self-rated health: An analysis of older adults in Cook County, Illinois  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relationship among objectively assessed neighborhood socio-economic status (SES), subjective perceptions of neighborhood environment, individual SES and psychosocial factors, and self-rated health among middle-aged and older adults. Analysis of data from a representative sample of adults, aged 50–67 years in Cook County, Illinois, shows a significant association between objective neighborhood SES and self-rated health after controlling for

Ming Wen; Louise C. Hawkley; John T. Cacioppo

2006-01-01

172

Identifying students’ perceptions of the important classroom features affecting learning aspects of a design-based learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across several decades, educational researchers have investigated the contribution of the learning environment to the attainment\\u000a of educational goals, such as improving academic achievement and motivation to learn. The term learning environment not only\\u000a includes physical activities in the classroom (e.g. experiments kits, computers), but also includes teaching methods, the\\u000a type of learning in which pupils are engaged, and assessment

Yaron Doppelt; Christian D. Schunn

2008-01-01

173

Psychosocial Interventions to Improve the School Performance of Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

PubMed Central

Children with ADHD typically show impairments throughout the school day. A number of interventions have been demonstrated to address both the academic and behavioral impairments associated with this disorder. Although the focus of research has been on classroom-based strategies of intervention for children with ADHD, school-based interventions applicable for non-classroom environments such as lunchrooms and playgrounds are beginning to emerge. This paper provides a brief description of the guiding principles of behavioral intervention, identifies selected strategies to address behavioral and academic concerns, discusses how school contextual factors have an effect on intervention selection and implementation, and considers the effects of using psychosocial interventions in combination with medication.

Tresco, Katy E.; Lefler, Elizabeth K.; Power, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

174

Safe Science Facilities: Reviewing Factors that Affect Classroom Environment, Curriculum, and Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science teachers often have two different curricula--the ideal framework on paper and the real, day-to-day instructional program that occurs in the classroom. A number of factors can affect how much of that ideal framework is accomplished. For example, how a facility is designed and how space is used can affect student achievement, classroom

Texley, Juliana

2005-01-01

175

Classroom Environments and Student Empowerment: An Analysis of Elementary and Secondary Teacher Beliefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project explored a classroom model of motivation in which the source of student motivation is based on internal mechanisms or structures and classroom student/instructor interactions. It also extended earlier research in which beliefs of veteran, entry level, and preservice teachers have been explored. For this project, 117 elementary…

Nichols, Joe D.; Zhang, Guanglan

2011-01-01

176

Positive Behavior Support in the Classroom: Facilitating Behaviorally Inclusive Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching in a public school is a demanding job as the multiple dynamics of a classroom can be a challenge. In addition to addressing the challenging behaviors that many students without disabilities exhibit, more and more students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) are being included in the general education classroom. Effective…

Scott, Terrance M.; Park, Kristy Lee; Swain-Bradway, Jessica; Landers, Eric

2007-01-01

177

Safe Science Facilities: Reviewing Factors that Affect Classroom Environment, Curriculum, and Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers often have two different curricula--the ideal framework on paper and the real, day-to-day instructional program that occurs in the classroom. A number of factors can affect how much of that ideal framework is accomplished. For example, how a facility is designed and how space is used can affect student achievement, classroom

Texley, Juliana

2005-01-01

178

The effect of classroom environment on problem behaviors: A twin study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children'sbehaviorproblems,bothinternalizingandexternalizing,areafunctionofbothgeneticand environmental influences. One potentially important environmental influence is the classroom envi- ronment. This study of 1941 monozygotic twin pairs examined whether children whose parents rated them as similarly high or low on a number of problem behaviors were rated in the same way by teachers when they were together versus separated in their classrooms at school. Results showed that

Lisabeth Fisher DiLalla; Paula Y. Mullineaux

2007-01-01

179

Improving human computer interaction in a classroom environment using computer vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss our use of multi-modal input to improve human computer interaction. Specifically we look at the methods used in the Intelligent Classroom to combine multiple input modes, and examine in particular the visual input modes. The Classroom provides context that improves the functioning of the visual input modes. It also determines which visual input modes are

Joshua Flachsbart; David Franklin; Kristian J. Hammond

2000-01-01

180

Combining an Exciting Classroom Learning Environment with an Effective Computerized Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagine a computerized learning management system that enables teachers to deliver pertinent learning materials to students. Lectures are prerecorded and made available to download from the learning management system. If all their lectures were prerecorded, what would teachers do in the classroom? Classroom time could be used to coordinate…

Hallam, Teresa A.; Hallam, Stephen F.

2009-01-01

181

Prevalence of fungi in carpeted floor environment: analysis of dust samples from living-rooms, bedrooms, offices and school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of 100 carpet dust analyses from atopic individuals' environment were compared according to the sampling period or the location. Dust samples were collected with a standard domestic vacuum cleaner, in locations with carpeted floor: in residences (living-room and\\/or bedroom), in school classrooms and in offices. The quantities of fungi vary from 5000 CFU\\/g to 66 000 000 CFU\\/g

Hugues Beguin; Nicole Nolard

1996-01-01

182

Prevalence of fungi in carpeted floor environment: Analysis of dust samples from living-rooms, bedrooms, offices and school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of 100 carpet dust analyses from atopic individuals' environment were compared according to the sampling period\\u000a or the location. Dust samples were collected with a standard domestic vacuum cleaner, in locations with carpeted floor: in\\u000a residences (living-room and\\/or bedroom), in school classrooms and in offices. The quantities of fungi vary from 5000 CFU\\/g\\u000a to 66 000 000 CFU\\/g

Hugues Beguin; Nicole Nolard

1996-01-01

183

Students’ Perception of a Discussion-Driven Classroom Environment in an Upper-Level Ruminant Nutrition Course with Small Enrollment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 3-yr classroom research project studied stu- dents' perception of the learning environment when class time was reserved primarily for discussion of pre- assigned reading material as an alternative to a lecture in ruminant nutrition. A student-assessment-of-learn- ing-gain instrument with 46 items was administered anonymously as a survey 3-wk into the semester and as a course evaluation at the end

M. A. Wattiaux; P. Crump

2006-01-01

184

Comparison of Preschoolers' Narratives, the Classroom Book Environment, and Teacher Attitudes Toward Literacy Practices in Korea and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated Korean and U.S. preschoolers’ personal and fictional narratives, their classroom book environments, and their teachers’ attitudes about reading aloud. The participants were 70 Korean and American 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in 2 university lab preschools and their 4 teachers. The structures and content of the preschoolers’ personal and fictional narratives were analyzed. The teachers’ attitudes and practices

Young-Ja Lee; Jeehyun Lee; Myae Han; Judith A. Schickedanz

2011-01-01

185

Learning Styles, Classroom Environment Preferences, Teaching, Styles, and Remedial Course Outcomes for Underprepared Adults at a Two-Year College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-one adult (age 25 and over) and 95 traditional-age (ages 18 through 24) two-year college students responded to a battery of instruments (Adult Classroom Environment Scale, Adaptive Style Inventory, Principles of Adult Learning Scale, and an Evaluation of Instruction Questionnaire) distributed in five remedial English and five remedial mathematics courses. Data analyses indicated that student age accounts for little variance

Cynthia L. Miglietti; C. Carney Strange

1998-01-01

186

The impact on musculoskeletal disorders of changing physical and psychosocial work environment conditions in the automobile industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the car-body-sealing department at an automobile assembly plant in Sweden, a reorganisation of work from lineout to line production was performed. The aim of the present investigation was to study the influence of changes in physical and psychosocial conditions on musculoskeletal disorders. Working conditions were studied on two occasions, before and after the change. Physical workload regarding strenuous postures

K. Fredriksson; C. Bildt; G. Hägg; Å. Kilbom

2001-01-01

187

Attitude, achievement, and classroom environment in a learner-centered introductory biology course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the revision of an undergraduate biology course to meet the standards set forth by current science education reform documents. This course was revised by a collaborate team at a small, religious, liberal arts university located in an urban area of South Texas. This institution is a Hispanic serving institution where the majority of students are Hispanic. The female population of this institution is approximately 70 percent. The course was revised to meet teaching standards called for in the National Science Education Standards. The guiding principle was to use an instructional model that was based on constructivist theories of learning. The lecture and laboratory sections of the course were combined into a class that met two days a week for three hours. A learner-centered instructional model based on learning cycles and the 5E model were used to organize instruction. Three sections of the experimental course were compared to three control sections that were taught in a traditional format of a three-hour lecture with a separate lab. Instruments that measured classroom learning environment, achievement, and attitude toward science were given at the beginning and conclusion of the course. Qualitative data was gathered from a questionnaire, university course evaluations, and student portfolios. Results of the learning environment survey found that two sections of the control class used some active learning within the context of the traditional lecture. These sections were analyzed as a modified lecture and the other control section as the traditional lecture. The experimental sections were the integrated sections. Subjects in the traditional and integrated sections scored higher on the content knowledge test than those in the modified section. This suggests that the integrated course was as successful as the traditional method in acquisition of content knowledge. Subjects the integrated course and the modified lecture course scored higher on the attitude toward science survey than those in the traditional course. This suggests that learner-centered environments are important in determining positive attitudes toward science. The integrated course was the most effective in content acquisition and positive attitude toward science.

McCormick, Bonnie Day

188

Demographic and Psychosocial Characteristics of Mothers Using Methamphetamine During Pregnancy: Preliminary Results of the Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle Study (IDEAL)  

PubMed Central

This study describes the psychological characteristics and caretaking environments of 131 women enrolled in the first longitudinal study of prenatal methamphetamine (MA) exposure and child development. Prenatal MA use was associated with lower maternal perceptions on quality of life, greater likelihood of substance use among family and friends, increased risk for ongoing legal difficulties, and a markedly increased likelihood of developing a substance abuse disorder. Our preliminary findings suggest that MA using women are more likely to have multiple, intertwined psychosocial risks that may result in maladaptive parenting and caregiving. These factors may impact the developmental outcomes of affected children.

Derauf, Chris; LaGasse, Linda L.; Smith, Lynne M.; Grant, Penny; Shah, Rizwan; Arria, Amelia; Huestis, Marilyn; Haning, William; Strauss, Arthur; Grotta, Sheri Della; Liu, Jing; Lester, Barry M.

2009-01-01

189

Psychosocial and physical work environment, and risk of pelvic pain in pregnancy. A study within the Danish national birth cohort  

PubMed Central

Objective: The sparse knowledge of the aetiology of pelvic pain in pregnancy makes evidence based prevention a limited option. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between pelvic pain in pregnancy and physical and psychosocial working conditions. Methods: This study used self reported data on working conditions for 1219 cases and 1539 controls, sampled as a nested case-control study within the Danish national birth cohort. Cases and controls were selected on the basis of self reported pelvic pain intensity, pain localisation, and pain impact on daily living activities. Exposure data were collected prospectively; early in pregnancy and before the onset of pelvic pain. Main outcome measures were odds ratios for pelvic pain in pregnancy as a function of physical and psychosocial working conditions. Results: Pregnant women with fixed evening work and with rotating shifts (without night shift) had odds ratios for pelvic pain in pregnancy of 1.76 (95% confidence intervals 1.04 to 2.96) and 1.65 (1.22 to 2.24), respectively, compared with women with day work. Physically strenuous work was associated with an almost 50% increased risk of pelvic pain in pregnancy (1.47; 1.17 to 1.84). In women who were under high psychosocial strain at work odds ratio was 1.39 (1.12 to 1.74) compared with women with low job strain. Conclusion: Both physically and psychosocially demanding working conditions, measured by physically strenuous work, rotating shifts, and high job strain, are associated with an increased reporting of pelvic pain in pregnancy.

Juhl, M.; Andersen, P. K.; Olsen, J.; Andersen, A.

2005-01-01

190

Fatigue in seafarers working in the offshore oil and gas re-supply industry: effects of safety climate, psychosocial work environment and shift arrangement.  

PubMed

This study examined the influence of safety climate and psychosocial work environment on the reported fatigue of seafarers working in the offshore oil and gas re-supply industry (n = 402). We found that seafarers who reported high psychological demands and perceived the organisational-level safety climate negatively,reported significantly more mental fatigue, physical fatigue, and lack of energy. In addition, seafarers who reported having high levels of job control reported being significantly less mentally fatigued. We also found some combined effects of safety climate and shift arrangement. Organisational-level safety climate did not influence the levels of physical fatigue in seafarers working on the night shift. On the contrary, seafarers working during the days reported to be more physically fatigued when they perceived the organisational-level climate to be negative compared with the positive. The opposite effect was found for group-level safety climate: seafarers working during the nights reported to be more physically fatigued when they perceived the group-level climate to be negative compared with the positive. The results from this study point to the importance of taking into consideration aspects of the psychosocial work environment and safety climate,and their potential impact on fatigue and safety in the maritime organisations. PMID:23788223

Hystad, Sigurd W; Saus, Evelyn-Rose; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Eid, Jarle

2013-01-01

191

Teachers' Perceptions of Looping in Elementary Schools in Relation to Select Academic and Classroom Environment Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine whether looping, a multi-year teaching arrangement where the teacher remains with the same group of students for two or more years is a practicable alternative, as assessed by teacher opinion, to the typical one year grouping of students. Because the teacher is the pivotal figure within the classroom and…

Ford, D. Andrew

2010-01-01

192

Young Children Move into Reading Supported by a Classroom Reading Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To support young children in bringing all of their resources to bear on constructing meaning from print, teachers must be aware of how children learn, must make use of a variety of learning materials, and must carefully prepare the contextual setting in which children move into reading. Teachers should focus on planning a classroom reading…

VanDongen, Richard D.

1979-01-01

193

Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes Associated with Using Anthropometry Activities in High School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study involved implementing and evaluating activities that actively engage students in the process of gathering, processing and analyzing data derived from human body measurements, with students using their prior knowledge acquired in science, mathematics, and computer classes to interpret this information. In the classroom activities…

Lightburn, Millard E.; Fraser, Barry J.

194

A Survey of Graduate Social Work Educators: Teaching Perspectives and Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work educators have the challenging task of preparing students to be ethically, morally, and socially responsible professionals. As professionals in the 21st Century, social workers are faced with ever increasing complexity and change. Teaching philosophies are at the foundation of what educators do in the classroom. Research about teaching…

Danhoff, Kristin Lindsay

2012-01-01

195

The ''Intelligent Classroom'': changing teaching and learning with an evolving technological environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Putting technology to work to improve teaching and learning is the goal of the ''Intelligent Classroom'' project at McGill University. A hardware and software installation allows for the automated capture of audio, video, slides, and handwritten annotations during a live lecture, with subsequent access by students. The development process, a collaborative effort of computer engineers, educational specialists, professors and students,

Laura R. Winer; Jeremy Cooperstock

196

A Survey of Graduate Social Work Educators: Teaching Perspectives and Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social work educators have the challenging task of preparing students to be ethically, morally, and socially responsible professionals. As professionals in the 21st Century, social workers are faced with ever increasing complexity and change. Teaching philosophies are at the foundation of what educators do in the classroom. Research about…

Danhoff, Kristin Lindsay

2012-01-01

197

Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes Associated with Using Anthropometry Activities in High School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study involved implementing and evaluating activities that actively engage students in the process of gathering, processing and analyzing data derived from human body measurements, with students using their prior knowledge acquired in science, mathematics, and computer classes to interpret this information. In the classroom activities…

Lightburn, Millard E.; Fraser, Barry J.

198

Effects of Amplification, Speechreading, and Classroom Environments on Reception of Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared with 18 hard-of-hearing students (7 to 14-years-old) were two sources of amplification (binaural ear-level hearing aids and R F auditory training units with environmental microphones on) in "ideal" and "typical" classroom noise levels, with and without visual speechreading cues provided. (Author/IM)

Blair, James C.

1977-01-01

199

Practice Makes Better? A Study of Meditation Learners in a Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study investigates the effect of length of meditation history on various factors, namely learning motivation, learning outcome and classroom climate. Data were collected from working adult learners (n = 450) attending meditation classes in two large cities in Taiwan. The investigation categorized learners based on meditation experience,…

Lin, Chin-Yen; Kuo, Tsung-Hsien; Kuo, Yen-Ku; Kuo, Yen-Lin; Ho, Li-An; Lin, Chien-Ting

2007-01-01

200

Developing a Vision of Teacher Education: How my classroom teacher understandings evolved in the university environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on my experiences as a former classroom teacher making the transition to teacher education, this study examines how my vision of teacher education developed over the course of my first three years as a graduate teaching assistant in a social studies education program in the United States. A qualitative self-study methodology was used to identify and describe sources of

Jason K. Ritter

2009-01-01

201

Practice makes better? A study of meditation learners in a classroom environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigates the effect of length of meditation history on various factors, namely learning motivation, learning outcome and classroom climate. Data were collected from working adult learners (n = 450) attending meditation classes in two large cities in Taiwan. The investigation categorized learners based on meditation experience, namely <1 year, 1–3 years, 4–6 years, 7–10 years and >10 years.

2007-01-01

202

Psychosocial challenges facing physicians of today  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care have added new stressors or opportunities to the medical profession. These new potential stressors are in addition to previously recognized external and internal ones. The work environment of physicians poses both psychosocial, ergonomic, and physico–chemical threats. The psychosocial work environment has, if anything, worsened. Demands at work increase at

Bengt B. Arnetz

2001-01-01

203

Acoustic environment challenges for the unique communication conditions in group learning classes in elementary school classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike the traditional ``sage-on-the-stage'' configuration of many K-12 classrooms, the group learning or ``guide-on-the-side'' configuration does not involve communication between a teacher in front of a seated class of 20 to 30 students. Instead, it can involve, most of the time, communication between the teacher and each of several small groups of students interacting, aurally, with each other. To maintain the desired 15 dB signal-to-noise ratio intended as the rationale for the ANSI standard, S12.60-2002 on classroom acoustics, the ``noise'' heard by participants in one of the groups is likely to include the speech levels generated by the participants in the other groups as well as the background noise in the unoccupied classroom. Thus, specification of the speech level within (i.e. the ``signal''), and between (i.e. part of the ``noise'') the learning groups, must be considered. Data available to evaluate these speech levels are reviewed and possible models considered to account for the Lombard effect for voice levels of both the teacher and the students. Some of the gaps in these data are suggested as a challenge to stimulate further studies on speech levels of teachers and students in a wide range of communication conditions.

Sutherland, Louis; Lubman, David; Pearsons, Karl

2005-04-01

204

Classroom response systems: What do they add to an active learning environment?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the impact of completely anonymous Classroom Response System (CRS) use on learning outcomes and student attitudes in a large university physical science course for pre-service teachers. As students were expected to have read the textbook prior to class, class time was devoted primarily to conceptual introductions followed by small group discussions of qualitative questions. In the treatment condition, each group provided a single response anonymously using the CRS. The control group responded individually and publicly by show of hands. Responses formed the basis for further discussion in both cases. Anonymity of responses in the control condition was expected to enhance participation and to provide more reliable formative assessment for the instructor, thus enhancing subsequent instruction and learning. The overwhelmingly female study population comprised two course sections with the same instructor. The sections reversed treatment and control group roles for units on Newtonian mechanics and thermodynamics. Students took pre- and posttests for each unit, completed Response System Surveys once and the VASS twice, and submitted weekly mini-reflections and one metareflection. These were analyzed for evidence of attitudes toward science and learning. Whole-class discussions were video-recorded and analyzed for evidence of participation and use of student responses for "just-in-time" teaching. Although CRS use did not improve learning outcomes over the control as measured by pre and posttests, it improved participation, as reflected in the video record and as self-reported by students in reflections, while it was in use. When they were using the CRS, students also indicated greater interest in learning for understanding, as opposed to preferring authoritarian delivery of information by the instructor and opportunities for procedural drills. A framework for classroom interactions emerged. This "C3" framework comprised three dimensions interacting on and through classroom conditions: concerns (performance goals to mastery goals), centeredness (teacher-centered to learner-centered), and control of discourse (traditional lecture to interactive dialogue). These apply to both instructors and students. In previous work, CRS use in classrooms was determined by instructors' positions on these three dimensions. Here, students shifted their centeredness and concerns based on how much the instructor shared the control of classroom discourse.

Fies, Carmen Hedwig

205

Psychosocial interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments for addiction disorders and it follows that psychiatrists should ensure competence to deliver these treatments as part of their repertoire of knowledge and skills. Specific protocol-based structured treatments have been demonstrated to be delivered effectively by therapists from across the spectrum of disciplines, including psychiatry. Many service users move out

Gillian Tober; Duncan Raistrick

2007-01-01

206

In Pursuit of a Holistic Learning Environment: The Impact of Music in the Medical Physiology Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A holistic learning environment is one that nurtures all aspects of students' learning. The environment is safe, supportive, and provides opportunities to help students deal with nonacademic as well as academic factors that impact their learning. Creation of such an environment requires the establishment of a supportive learning community. For a…

Modell, Harold I.; DeMiero, Frank G.; Rose, Louise

2009-01-01

207

Online Resource-Based Learning Environment: Case Studies in Primary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the creation of learning environments with online resources by three primary school teachers for pupil's learning of science-related topics with reference to the resource-based e-learning environments (RBeLEs) framework. Teachers' choice of contexts, resources, tools, and scaffolds in designing the learning environments are…

So, Winnie Wing Mui; Ching, Fiona Ngai Ying

2012-01-01

208

Cultural Learning Environment in Science Classrooms: Validity and Application of a Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to assess students' culturally sensitive environments and to examine the associations between these factors and students' attitudes towards science. A measure of students' environment, namely, the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ), was developed. The instrument…

Waldrip, Bruce G.; Fisher, Darrell L.

209

Psychosocial Work Environment as a Risk Factor for Absence With a Psychiatric Diagnosis: An Instrumental-Variables Analysis  

PubMed Central

Recent reviews show that self-reported psychosocial factors related to work, such as job demands and job control, are associated with employee mental health, but it is not known whether this association is attributable to reporting bias. The authors examined this question using objectively measured hospital ward overcrowding as an instrument. The extent of overcrowding provided a strong instrument for self-reported job demands but not for job control, and it was used to examine unbiased associations between self-reported job demands and sickness absence with a psychiatric diagnosis among 2,784 female nurses working in somatic illness wards in Finland. During the 12-month follow-up period (2004–2005), 102 nurses had an absence with a psychiatric diagnosis, 33 with a diagnosis of depressive disorder. Both greater extent of overcrowding and higher self-reported job demands were associated with increased risk of psychiatric absence. The latter association was stronger but less precisely estimated in an instrumental-variables analysis which took into account only the variation in self-reported job demands that was explained by overcrowding. Repeating these analyses with absence due to depressive disorders as the outcome led to similar results. Findings from this instrumental-variables analysis support the status of high self-reported job demands as a risk factor for absence with a psychiatric diagnosis.

Kivimaki, Mika; Vahtera, Jussi; Kawachi, Ichiro; Ferrie, Jane E.; Oksanen, Tuula; Joensuu, Matti; Pentti, Jaana; Salo, Paula; Elovainio, Marko; Virtanen, Marianna

2010-01-01

210

Effects of psychosocial stimulation on improving home environment and child-rearing practices: results from a community-based trial among severely malnourished children in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

Background Parenting programmes are effective in enhancing parenting practices and child development. This study evaluated the effects of a intervention with psychosocial stimulation (PS) on the quality of the home environment and mothers’ child-rearing practices in a community-based trial with severely malnourished Bangladeshi children. Method Severely underweight children (n?=?507), 6–24?months of age, were randomly assigned to five groups: PS; food supplementation (FS); PS?+?FS; clinic-control (CC); and, hospital-control (CH). PS included fortnightly follow-up visits for six months at community clinics where a play leader demonstrated play activities and gave education on child development and child rearing practices. FS comprised cereal-based supplements (150–300?kcal/day) for three months. All groups received medical care, micronutrient supplements and growth monitoring. Mothers were given the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) inventory and a questionnaire on parenting at baseline and after six months to assess the outcome. Results 322 children completed the study. After six months of intervention the PS?+?FS and PS groups benefitted in the total HOME score (depending on the comparison group, effect sizes varied from 0.66 to 0.33 SD) The PS?+?FS and PS groups also benefitted in two HOME subscales: maternal involvement (effect sizes: 0.8 to 0.55 SD) and play materials, (effect sizes: 0.46 to 0.6 SD), and child-rearing practices scores (effect size: 1.5 to 1.1 SD). The PS?+?FS group benefitted 4.0 points in total HOME score compared with CH, 4.8 points compared with CC and 4.5 points compared with FS (p?environment can be improved through community-based psychosocial stimulation with or without food supplementation. This may be of importance to promote child development.

2012-01-01

211

Investigation of Teachers' Verbal and Non-Verbal Strategies for Managing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Students' Behaviours within a Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigated teachers' verbal and non-verbal strategies for managing ADHD students in a classroom environment. It was found that effective verbal and non-verbal strategies included voice control, short phrases, repeated instructions, using students' names, and visual cues and verbal instructions combined. It has been found that…

Geng, Gretchen

2011-01-01

212

The Solid Earth Research and Teaching Environment, a new software framework to share research tools in the classroom and across disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Solid Earth Teaching and Research Environment (SEATREE) is a modular and user-friendly software framework to facilitate the use of solid Earth research tools in the classroom and for interdisciplinary research collaboration. SEATREE is open source and community developed, distributed freely under the GNU General Public License. It is a fully contained package that lets users operate in a graphical

K. Milner; T. W. Becker; L. Boschi; J. Sain; D. Schorlemmer; H. Waterhouse

2009-01-01

213

Preschoolers' Knowledge of Their Classroom Environment: Evidence from Small-Scale and Life-Size Spatial Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty preschoolers and 10 student teachers were asked to reconstruct the complete layout of their classroom by using a small-scale model as well as by using life-size furniture in the classroom itself. Children's performances were significantly better in the classroom than they were on the model. (Author/MP)|

Liben, Lynn S.; And Others

1982-01-01

214

Turning Passive Lectures into Interactive Learning Environments with a Classroom Communication System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We report on the potential of a classroom communication system called Classtalk as both a research and an instructional tool. With Classtalk, a central computer under the control of the instructor is networked to palm-top computers, each shared by 2-4 users. A video projection unit displays questions or tasks for students to work on collaboratively or individually. Responses to the questions/tasks are entered on the palm-top and immediately displayed to the entire class. We will discuss how Classtalk empowers both the instructor and the students. More specifically, we will discuss: 1) How we are using research findings to devise instructional strategies with Classtalk, 2) How Classtalk can be used as a research tool to explore not only students' conceptual understanding, but also the dynamics of cooperative learning, and 3) students' views and attitudes about Classtalk.

Mestre, Jose P.; Gerace, William J.; Dufresne, Robert J.; Leonard, William J.

2006-06-22

215

The Impact of the Structural Organization of Public Welfare Offices on the Psychosocial Work and the Treatment Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perceived work and treatment environments of four different public welfare offices were compared utilizing a revised version of Rudolf Moos' social climate scales. It was found that a team, multi-method office implied an environment high in support, autonomy, innovation and pressure. Two non-team, multipopulation offices operated as moderate support, low or moderate innovation, low-moderate pressure climates. A non-team, functional

Ron B. Meier

1984-01-01

216

Kindergarten Students' and Parents' Perceptions of Science Classroom Environments: Achievement and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, involving the modification, validation and use of a learning environment questionnaire for both kindergarten students and their parents, is significant because prior learning environment research has normally involved neither parents nor such young students. A questionnaire, which was based on the What Is Happening In this Class? and…

Robinson, Esther; Fraser, Barry J.

2013-01-01

217

Kindergarten Students' and Parents' Perceptions of Science Classroom Environments: Achievement and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study, involving the modification, validation and use of a learning environment questionnaire for both kindergarten students and their parents, is significant because prior learning environment research has normally involved neither parents nor such young students. A questionnaire, which was based on the What Is Happening In this Class? and…

Robinson, Esther; Fraser, Barry J.

2013-01-01

218

The Global Classroom Project: Learning a Second Language in a Virtual Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the progress of a pilot project exploring the integration of a collaborative virtual learning environment (Second Life) with the instruction of English courses at Lingnan University in Hong Kong. An educational partnership was developed with two TESOL teacher-training courses at Texas A&M University in the US. The project…

Knutzen, Brant; Kennedy, David

2012-01-01

219

Observations of the Middle School Environment: The Context for Student Behavior beyond the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the use of an observation system to measure middle school staff practices, environment characteristics, and student behavior in the school common areas. Data were collected at baseline from 18 middle schools participating in a randomized controlled trial of school-wide Positive Behavior Support. The observations were…

Rusby, Julie C.; Crowley, Ryann; Sprague, Jeffrey; Biglan, Anthony

2011-01-01

220

Students' Perceptions of the Learning Environment and Attitudes in Game-Based Mathematics Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether the introduction of games into college-level mathematics classes in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was effective in terms of improving students' perceptions of the learning environment and their attitudes towards of mathematics. A pre-post design involved the administration of English and Arabic versions of two surveys (one…

Afari, Ernest; Aldridge, Jill M.; Fraser, Barry J.; Khine, Myint Swe

2013-01-01

221

Incorporating Informal Learning Environments and Local Fossil Specimens in Earth Science Classrooms: A Recipe for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an online graduate paleontology course taken by practicing Earth Science teachers, we designed an investigation using teachers' local informal educational environments. Teachers (N = 28) were responsible for photographing, describing, and integrating fossil specimens from two informal sites into a paleoenvironmental analysis of the landscape in which the fossils were originally deposited. Our practicing teachers also developed mini-units for

Renee M. Clary; James H. Wandersee

2009-01-01

222

Incorporating Informal Learning Environments and Local Fossil Specimens in Earth Science Classrooms: A Recipe for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an online graduate paleontology course taken by practicing Earth Science teachers, we designed an investigation using teachers' local informal educational environments. Teachers (N = 28) were responsible for photographing, describing, and integrating fossil specimens from two informal sites into a paleoenvironmental analysis of the landscape…

Clary, Renee M.; Wandersee, James H.

2009-01-01

223

Prospective Elementary Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science and Perceptions of the Classroom Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated prospective elementary teachers' understandings of the nature of science and explored associations with their guided-inquiry science learning environment. Over 500 female students completed the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Survey (NSKS), although only four scales were analyzed-Creative, Testable, Amoral, and Unified. The…

Martin-Dunlop, Catherine S.

2013-01-01

224

Prospective Elementary Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science and Perceptions of the Classroom Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated prospective elementary teachers' understandings of the nature of science and explored associations with their guided-inquiry science learning environment. Over 500 female students completed the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Survey (NSKS), although only four scales were analyzed-Creative, Testable, Amoral, and Unified. The…

Martin-Dunlop, Catherine S.

2013-01-01

225

Students' Perceptions of the Learning Environment and Attitudes in Game-Based Mathematics Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated whether the introduction of games into college-level mathematics classes in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was effective in terms of improving students' perceptions of the learning environment and their attitudes towards of mathematics. A pre-post design involved the administration of English and Arabic versions of two surveys…

Afari, Ernest; Aldridge, Jill M.; Fraser, Barry J.; Khine, Myint Swe

2013-01-01

226

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must also…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

227

Fostering Creativity in Business Education: Developing Creative Classroom Environments To Provide Students with Critical Workplace Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four undergraduate management courses incorporated assignments, class activities and an environment structured to encourage creativity. Survey responses from 75 students indicated that an atmosphere that provided time and rewards for creativity and stimulated risk taking, divergent thinking, cooperation, and questioning of assumptions encouraged…

Driver, Michaela

2001-01-01

228

Synthesis of Research on Brain Plasticity: The Classroom Environment and Curriculum Enrichment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines research findings on enriched environment investigations on the development of the brain's neocortex. Although the research has been conducted on animal brains, researchers expect to find related patterns in plasticity in humans. The research is important to educators as it challenges them to define, create, and maintain an emotionally…

Sylwester, Robert

1986-01-01

229

Observations of the Middle School Environment: The Context for Student Behavior beyond the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of an observation system to measure middle school staff practices, environment characteristics, and student behavior in the school common areas. Data were collected at baseline from 18 middle schools participating in a randomized controlled trial of school-wide Positive Behavior Support. The observations were…

Rusby, Julie C.; Crowley, Ryann; Sprague, Jeffrey; Biglan, Anthony

2011-01-01

230

Differences in Sociocultural Environment Perceptions Associated with Gender in Science Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of study of perceived influence of sociocultural environment of science classes on learning. Nigerian secondary school science students (n=707) were given the Socio-Cultural Environmental Scale and were assessed on the following subscales: authoritarianism, goal structure, African world view, societal expectation, and sacredness of…

Okebukola, Peter Akinsola

1992-01-01

231

PUSH(ing) Limits: Using Fiction in the Classroom for Human Behavior and the Social Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of fiction and autobiography in social science course work has been shown to enhance students' learning experience. Using the novel PUSH, by Sapphire, we designed a curriculum supplement for the social work course, human behavior and the social environment (HBSE) that encourages students to integrate course content in an innovative way…

Mendoza, Natasha S.; Bonta, Kimberly; Horn, Philip; Moore, Erin; Gibson, Allison; Simmons, David

2012-01-01

232

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

233

A mobile e-learning environment for developing countries: the Bangladesh Virtual Interactive Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a project working to improve distance education in Bangladesh by means of a low-cost, large-scale interactive learning environment using video, mobile phones, SMS-based tools administered in a learning management system, and innovative pedagogy based on the student-centered learning model. The paper addresses the question of how to use existing mobile telephony technical infrastructure to create interactive learning

Åke Grönlund; Yousuf M. Islam

2010-01-01

234

The Classroom as a Place of Formation: Purposefully Creating a Transformative Environment for Today's Diverse Seminary Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay draws on insights from studies on learning to explore the role of formation in the classroom. Studies of intellectual development, learning styles, and the physiology of learning are reviewed. Methodologies and models for encouraging formative learning in seminary classrooms are explored. This essay was written to address one of the…

Winkelmes, Mary-Ann

2004-01-01

235

Designing and implementing a case-based learning environment for enhancing ill-structured problem solving: classroom management problems for prospective teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This design-based research study is aimed at two goals: (1) developing a feasible case-based instructional model that could\\u000a enhance college students’ ill-structured problem solving abilities, while (2) implementing the model to improve teacher education\\u000a students’ real-world problem solving abilities to deal with dilemmas faced by practicing teachers in elementary classrooms.\\u000a To achieve these goals, an online case-based learning environment for

Ikseon Choi; Kyunghwa Lee

2009-01-01

236

General Classroom Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Illustrates how a Utah school district created classroom learning environments in their elementary schools that prepared students for life-long learning by teaching them in a collaborative, interactive, hands-on way. Arrangement of classrooms as learning centers that foster a team atmosphere are stressed. (GR)|

Crane, Steve

2001-01-01

237

Science beyond the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not every student is meant to be a scientist. Students come into a classroom with a variety of experiences, interests, and abilities. Therefore, the goal of any science program is not the production of chemists, physicists, or biologists but the development of scientifically literature individuals: students who can question, hypothesize, test, record, and conclude. The classroom environment cannot always provide

J. Petric; J. Bonkalski

1992-01-01

238

Classroom Emotional Climate as a Moderator of Anxious Solitary Children's Longitudinal Risk for Peer Exclusion: A Child × Environment Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the ability of classroom emotional climate to moderate anxious solitary children's risk for peer exclusion over a 3-year period from 3rd through 5th grade. Six hundred eighty-eight children completed peer nominations for anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall and spring semesters of each grade, and observations of classroom emotional climate were conducted at the same

Tamara Spangler Avant; Heidi Gazelle; Richard Faldowski

2011-01-01

239

Conceptualisation, Development and Validation of an Instrument for Investigating the Metacognitive Orientation of Science Classroom Learning Environments: The Metacognitive Orientation Learning Environment Scale – Science (MOLES-S)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metacognition refers to an individual's knowledge, control and awareness of his\\/her learning processes. An important goal\\u000a of education is to develop students as metacognitive, life-long learners. However, developing students' metacognition and\\u000a evaluating whether classrooms are oriented to the development of students' metacognition are difficult and often time-consuming\\u000a tasks. Further, no instruments that measure key dimensions related to classroom factors that

Gregory P. Thomas

2003-01-01

240

Climatic Conditions in Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of research on the ways in which classroom thermal environment, lighting conditions, ion state, and electromagnetic and air pollution affect learning and the performance of students and teachers. (SJL)|

Kevan, Simon M.; Howes, John D.

1980-01-01

241

A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose physics or physics-related fields for their career choices in the future. A group of approximately 864 male and female students, equally proportioned by gender, were assigned to take part in this study. Two standardized instruments, namely the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA), have been employed to collect data. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyze the collected data resulting from the questionnaires as well as from the interviews. The study found, first, regardless of their gender and grade level differences, students expected a more positive classroom climate during learning physics. Also, it has been found that male students experience a more positive classroom environment than female students. Second, the study found that male students do show more positive attitudes toward physics than their female counterparts. Meanwhile, twelfth-grade students show a more positive attitude toward physics than eleventh-graders. Third, the study found that most female students do not like physics based on several reasons such as physics is a hard, monotonous and boring subject. Although eleventh-grade female students do not like physics, most of them intended to choose science as their major in the next grade. Surprisingly, a majority of twelfth-grade female students who are majoring in science have no intention to choose physics or physics-related subjects either for their prospective major at the university or for their career choices in the future.

Chaerul, Andrie

242

Classroom Acoustics  

MedlinePLUS

... Information for the Public › Hearing and Balance Classroom Acoustics A student's ability to hear and understand what ... reverberation time. Who is affected by poor classroom acoustics? All children are affected by poor classroom acoustics, ...

243

Classroom Antarctica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is a collection of units designed to teach students about the global importance of Antarctica. Topics covered in these units includes ice, the ocean, geology, weather, topography, auroras, the history of Antarctic exploration, living in Antarctica, animals, plants, the Antarctic Treaty, and the environment. Each unit has a selection of activities that are adaptable to the range of abilities in a class and the particular interests of the students. There are hundreds of useful web links throughout and a wealth of support material listed under Classroom Resources.

Haywood, Elizabeth

244

Thursday's Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every Thursday, this NASA-created learning resource presents a new topic with the aim of providing "a lasting connection between NASA's latest research and the classroom environment." Prior lesson topics have included the recent solar eclipse, the Mars Polar Lander, and organisms that survive in extreme conditions and their implications for the possibility of extraterrestrial life. For each lesson, there are links to news reports and a range of lesson plans and activity sheets designed for different age groups. The site also contains an archive/ schedule of prior and future lessons.

245

Classroom Emotional Climate as a Moderator of Anxious Solitary Children's Longitudinal Risk for Peer Exclusion: A Child x Environment Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests the ability of classroom emotional climate to moderate anxious solitary children's risk for peer exclusion over a 3-year period from 3rd through 5th grade. Six hundred eighty-eight children completed peer nominations for anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall and spring semesters of each grade, and observations of…

Avant, Tamara Spangler; Gazelle, Heidi; Faldowski, Richard

2011-01-01

246

Teacher Interactions within the Physical Environment: How Teachers Alter Their Space and/or Routines Because of Classroom Character.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through questionnaires, observations, and interviews, this study revealed the degree to which 31 high school teachers altered their classroom spaces and/or adjusted their routines to meet their pedagogical goals at a temporary school site. Teachers emphatically desired: (1) an appropriate amount of space to rearrange student furniture, enabling…

Lang, Dale Christopher

247

Patterns of Control over the Teaching-Studying-Learning Process and Classrooms as Complex Dynamic Environments: A Theoretical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this theoretical paper the role of power in classroom interactions is examined in terms of a dominance continuum to advance a theoretical framework justifying the emergence of three ways of distributing power when it comes to dealing with the control over the teaching-studying-learning (TSL) "pattern of teacher domination," "pattern of…

Harjunen, Elina

2012-01-01

248

Patterns of Control over the Teaching-Studying-Learning Process and Classrooms as Complex Dynamic Environments: A Theoretical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this theoretical paper the role of power in classroom interactions is examined in terms of a dominance continuum to advance a theoretical framework justifying the emergence of three ways of distributing power when it comes to dealing with the control over the teaching-studying-learning (TSL) "pattern of teacher domination," "pattern of…

Harjunen, Elina

2012-01-01

249

The Effects of Sorority and Fraternity Membership on Class Participation and African American Student Engagement in Predominantly White Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between Black Greek-letter organization membership and African American student engagement in almost exclusively White college classrooms was explored in this study. Data were collected through interviews with 131 members from seven undergraduate chapters at a large, predominantly White university in the Midwest. This study…

Harper, Shaun R.

2007-01-01

250

Using a Virtual Classroom Environment to Describe the Attention Deficits Profile of Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objectives of this study were to describe the nature of the attention deficits in children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in comparison with typically developing (TD) children, using the Virtual Classroom (VC), and to assess the utility of this instrument for detecting attention deficits. Twenty-nine NF1 children and 25 age-and…

Gilboa, Yafit; Rosenblum, Sara; Fattal-Valevski, Aviva; Toledano-Alhadef, Hagit; Rizzo, Albert; Josman, Naomi

2011-01-01

251

Redefining classroom instruction.  

PubMed

In this study, the role of the classroom instructor was redefined from a "lecturer" responsible for delivering the core curriculum to a "facilitator" at the center of an active learning environment. Web-based lectures were used to provide foundation content to students outside of the classroom, which made it possible to improve the quality of student-faculty contact time in the classroom. Students reported that this hybrid format of instruction afforded them a better understanding of the content, a higher probability of retaining the content, and the opportunity to spend more time thinking about the application of the content compared with more traditional lecture-based methods of instruction. PMID:16912147

Goldberg, Harry R; Haase, Eileen; Shoukas, Artin; Schramm, Lawrence

2006-09-01

252

Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As indicated in recent treatment guidelines, psychosocial treatments play a critical role in the rehabilitation of schizophrenia\\u000a patients. During the past few years, novel psychosocial treatments have emerged expanding the scope of successful outcomes\\u000a and designed to address the specific deficits inherent in schizophrenia. This paper provides a brief description and evaluate\\u000a the efficacy of five new emerging psychosocial treatments

Alan S. Bellack; Seth A. Brown

2001-01-01

253

Psychosocial Factors in Children and Adolescents with Conversion Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In view of the limited studies on the psychosocial environment of children presenting with conversion disorders, the present study was carried out to study the psychosocial factors in children with conversion disorders. Method: 40 patients of Conversion Disorder, who presented with "pseudo seizures" and were diagnosed according to…

Sharma, I.; Giri, D.; Dutta, Anna; Mazumder, P.

2005-01-01

254

Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on classroom management, focusing on behavior modification, group management, teacher effects, management training, and planning. Five types of management skills and six principles for effective classroom organization identified by researchers are suggested for application by teachers. (PGD)

Strother, Deborah Burnett

1985-01-01

255

Find Your Voice: Eliminate Classroom Phobias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The academically underprepared community college student may also be psychosocially underprepared for college, a condition contributing to the development of classroom-specific social phobia and to the high attrition rate at community colleges. The "Find Your Voice Program" uses individual and group cognitive-behavioral techniques to develop…

Miranda, Michael V.

2007-01-01

256

Find Your Voice: Eliminate Classroom Phobias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academically underprepared community college student may also be psychosocially underprepared for college, a condition contributing to the development of classroom-specific social phobia and to the high attrition rate at community colleges. The "Find Your Voice Program" uses individual and group cognitive-behavioral techniques to develop…

Miranda, Michael V.

2007-01-01

257

Acoustical evaluation of preschool classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An investigation was made of the acoustical environments in the Berwick Preschool, Vancouver, in response to complaints by the teachers. Reverberation times (RT), background noise levels (BNL), and in-class sound levels (Leq) were measured for acoustical evaluation in the classrooms. With respect to the measured RT and BNL, none of the classrooms in the preschool were acceptable according to the criteria relevant to this study. A questionnaire was administered to the teachers to assess their subjective responses to the acoustical and nonacoustical environments of the classrooms. Teachers agreed that the nonacoustical environments in the classrooms were fair, but that the acoustical environments had problems. Eight different classroom configurations were simulated to improve the acoustical environments, using the CATT room acoustical simulation program. When the surface absorption was increased, both the RT and speech levels decreased. RASTI was dependent on the volumes of the classrooms when the background noise levels were high; however, it depended on the total absorption of the classrooms when the background noise levels were low. Ceiling heights are critical as well. It is recommended that decreasing the volume of the classrooms is effective. Sound absorptive materials should be added to the walls or ceiling.

Yang, Wonyoung; Hodgson, Murray

2003-10-01

258

Guideline 3: Psychosocial Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third in seven sets of guidelines based on the consensus of experts in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in mental retardation (MR) focuses on psychosocial treatment. Guidelines cover general principles, choosing among psychosocial treatments, severity of MR and psychiatric/behavior symptoms, diagnosable disorders, target…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

259

The Role of the Constructivist Learning Theory and Collaborative Learning Environment on Wiki Classroom, and the Relationship between Them  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper seeks to discover the relationship between both the social constructivist learning theory and the collaborative learning environment. This relationship can be identified by giving an example of the learning environment. Due to wiki characteristics, Wiki technology is one of the most famous learning environments that can show the…

Alzahrani, Ibraheem; Woollard, John

2013-01-01

260

The Technology Classroom: Alternatives for Future Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the integration of technology into college and university classrooms and presents models for five levels of classroom design with increasing levels of technology, leading to a technology enhanced learning environment (TELE). A classroom modification at Brigham Young University to incorporate technology is described, and the need for…

Fawson, E. Curtis; VanUitert, D. Dean

1990-01-01

261

Classroom Management, Bullying, and Teacher Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While bullying in schools has begun to receive attention, little is known about the relationship between classroom management and bullying in the classroom. The process for exploring this relationship will be a review of research and literature related to bullying in the school environment, classroom management, teacher practices, and student…

Allen, Kathleen P.

2010-01-01

262

Classrooms: Goals, Structures, and Student Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the classroom learning environment in relation to achievement goal theory of motivation. Classroom structures are described in terms of how they make different types of achievement goals salient and as a consequence elicit qualitatively different patterns of motivation. Task, evaluation and recognition, and authority dimensions of classrooms are presented as examples of structures that can influence children’s

Carole Ames

1992-01-01

263

Psychosocial issues in pediatric oncology.  

PubMed

Psychosocial oncology, a relatively new discipline, is a multidisciplinary application of the behavioral and social sciences, and pediatric psychosocial oncology is an emerging subspecialty within the domain of psychosocial oncology. This review presents a brief overview of some of the major clinical issues surrounding pediatric psychosocial oncology. PMID:23049457

Marcus, Joel

2012-01-01

264

Psychosocial Issues in Pediatric Oncology  

PubMed Central

Psychosocial oncology, a relatively new discipline, is a multidisciplinary application of the behavioral and social sciences, and pediatric psychosocial oncology is an emerging subspecialty within the domain of psychosocial oncology. This review presents a brief overview of some of the major clinical issues surrounding pediatric psychosocial oncology.

Marcus, Joel

2012-01-01

265

[Psychosocial interventions in dementia].  

PubMed

Psychosocial interventions improve cognitive abilities (cognitive stimulation, cognitive training), enhance emotional well-being (activity planning, reminiscence), reduce behavioral symptoms (aromatherapy, music therapy) and promote everyday functioning (occupational therapy). Through these effects they reinforce and augment pharmacological treatments for dementia. In addition, psychosocial interventions complement the treatment of patients by supporting family caregivers (educational groups, support programs). The potential of psychosocial interventions in dementia needs to be explored further in studies using improved methodology to determine effective components, clinical relevance and duration of effects, predictors of individual treatment response and health-economic implications. PMID:23306213

Kurz, A

2013-01-01

266

The Classroom Animal: Snapping Turtles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the distinctive features of the common snapping turtle. Discusses facts and misconceptions held about the turtle. Provides guidelines for proper care and treatment of a young snapper in a classroom environment. (ML)|

Kramer, David C.

1987-01-01

267

Psychosocial Stress during Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify factors associated with high antenatal psychosocial stress and describe the course of psychosocial stress during pregnancy. Study Design We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from an ongoing registry. Study participants were 1,522 women receiving prenatal care at a university obstetrical clinic from January 2004 through March 2008. Multiple logistic regression identified factors associated with high stress as measured by the Prenatal Psychosocial Profile stress scale. Results The majority of participant reported antenatal psychosocial stress (78% low-moderate, 6% high). Depression [OR 9.6(5.5–17.0)], panic disorder [OR 6.8(2.9–16.2)], drug use [OR 3.8(1.2–12.5)], domestic violence [OR 3.3(1.4–8.3)], and having ? 2 medical comorbidities [OR 3.1(1.8–5.5)] were significantly associated with high psychosocial stress. For women who screened twice during pregnancy, mean stress scores declined during pregnancy [(14.8±3.9 versus 14.2±3.8; (p<0.001)]. Conclusions Antenatal psychosocial stress is common, and high levels are associated with maternal factors known to contribute to poor pregnancy outcomes.

Woods, Sarah M.; Melville, Jennifer L.; Guo, Yuqing; Fan, Ming-Yu; Gavin, Amelia

2009-01-01

268

Classroom Expernomics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Classroom Expernomics site was jointly developed by Gregory Delemeester, Associate Professor of Economics, Marietta College, and John Neral, Associate Professor of Economics, Frostburg State University. This site features the Classroom Expernomics newsletter aimed at encouraging the "use of economic experiments as teaching tools for the classroom." The newsletter has been published twice a year since the spring of 1992; all current and previous issues are available at the web site. Each newsletter contains two or three articles by various professors profiling their use of economics experiments in the classroom.

1992-01-01

269

Growing a Nurturing Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Growing a nurturing classroom" is an awareness training programme presented by educational psychologists in Leicestershire for professionals working in primary schools with the aim of promoting an optimal environment for learning and emotional well-being. The training helps primary school staff to take a holistic approach to education; see…

Boorn, Clare; Dunn, Paula Hopkins; Page, Claire

2010-01-01

270

Facilitating Geoscience Education in Higher-Education Institutes Worldwide With GeoBrain -- An Online Learning and Research Environment for Classroom Innovations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Higher education in geosciences has imminent goals to prepare students with modern geoscience knowledge and skills to meet the increased demand on trained professionals for working on the big challenges faced by geoscience disciplines, such as the global environmental change, world energy supplies, sustainable development, etc. In order to reach the goal, the geoscience education in post-secondary institutes worldwide has to attract and retain enough students and to train students with knowledge and skills needed by the society. The classroom innovations that can encourage and support student investigations and research activities are key motivation mechanisms that help to reach the goal. This presentation describes the use of GeoBrain, an innovative geospatial knowledge system, as a powerful educating tool for motivating and facilitating innovative undergraduate and graduate teaching and research in geosciences. Developed in a NASA funded project, the GeoBrain system has adopted and implemented the latest Web services and knowledge management technologies for providing innovative methods in publishing, accessing, visualizing, and analyzing geospatial data and in building/sharing geoscience knowledge. It provides a data-rich online learning and research environment enabled by wealthy data and information available at NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) Data and Information System (EOSDIS). Students, faculty members, and researchers from institutes worldwide can easily access, analyze, and model with the huge amount of NASA EOS data just like they possess such vast resources locally at their desktops. The online environment provided by GeoBrain has brought significant positive changes to geosciences education in higher-education institutes because of its new concepts and technologies, motivation mechanisms, free exploration resources, and advanced geo- processing capabilities. With the system, the used-to-be very challenging or even impossible teaching tasks has become much easier or practical. For an instance, dynamic classroom demonstration and training for students to deal with data-intensive global climate and environment change issues in real-world applications through the system has become a very pleasant experience instead of the struggling efforts in the past. With GeoBrain, each student can be easily trained to handle multi-terabytes of EOS and other geospatial data in simulation and modeling for solving global-scale problems catering his own interests with a simple Internet connected computer. Preliminary classroom use of GeoBrain in multiple universities has demonstrated that the system is very useful for facilitating the transition of both undergraduate and graduate students from learners to investigators. It has also shown the system can improve teaching effectiveness, refine student's learning habit, and inspire students' interests in pursuing geoscience as their career. As an on-going project, GeoBrain has not reached its maturity. Surely it will improve its functionalities and make great advances in the above areas continuously.

Deng, M.; di, L.

2006-12-01

271

Classrooms as \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the challenges facing us when we try to use commercial materials in the classrooms, i.e. video games at the moment, is to identify appropriate strategies of collaboration with designers, creators and distribution agents. Recently, we are working on a collaborative project with Electronics Arts to introduce specific video games to classrooms so that they can be used as

Pilar Lacasa; Rut Martínez; Laura Méndez; Sara Cortés

272

Outdoor Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An outdoor classroom is the ideal vehicle for community involvement: Parents, native plant societies, 4-H, garden clubs, and master naturalists are all resources waiting to be tapped, as are local businesses offering support. If you enlist your community in the development and maintenance of your outdoor classroom, the entire community will…

Mayes, Valynda

2010-01-01

273

Using a Simulation-Based Learning Environment to Enhance Learning and Instruction in a Middle School Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this project was to help science teachers shift to a more inquiry-based teaching style by supplying learning tools that support a more student-centered approach. The project employed PSI (Personal Study Instrument) Sim Modules, a simulation-based electronic learning environment designed to address misconceptions in middle school…

Foti, Sebastian; Ring, Gail

2008-01-01

274

Using a Humanoid Robot to Develop a Dialogue-Based Interactive Learning Environment for Elementary Foreign Language Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Elementary school is the critical stage during which the development of listening comprehension and oral abilities in language acquisition occur, especially with a foreign language. However, the current foreign language instructors often adopt one-way teaching, and the learning environment lacks any interactive instructional media with which to…

Chang, Chih-Wei; Chen, Gwo-Dong

2010-01-01

275

Psychosocial Treatments for Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a brief overview of the major psychosocial treatments that have some efficacy for the management of attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Parent training in effective child behavior management methods, classroom behavior modification methods and academic interventions, and special educational placement appear to have the greatest promise of efficacy. Augmenting these, additional family therapy in problem-solving and communication

Russell A. Barkley

276

Responsive Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Responsive Classroom addresses some of the challenges present in any elementary classroom, be it first-grade mathematics or third-grade science, by offering "an approach to teaching and learning that fosters safe, challenging, and joyful classrooms and schools, kindergarten through eighth grade." Through this website, classroom teachers share "practical strategies for bringing together social and academic learning throughout the school day." They report that teachers in urban, rural, and suburban settings nationwide find that these strategies have increased student investment, responsibility, and learning, and decreased problem behaviors. Studies detailing the effectiveness of the program are posted on this website. The basic principles of the program are also described, but the books detailing their approach must be purchased. The newsletter, however, is available free of charge and the archive includes previously published articles, which can be searched by topic, such as technology in the classroom and family involvement.

277

Classroom Climate and Learning Effectiveness Comparison for Physical and Cyber F2F Interaction in Holistic-Blended Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A holistic-blended learning environment has been developed in which physical face-to-face, cyber face-to-face and cyber asynchronous blended models are synthesized into one holistic-blended learning model. Such a model enables teachers and learners to do two-way interaction asynchronously and synchronously no matter whether they are in physical space or cyber space. The aim of this research is to explore whether significant

Nian-shing Chen; Kinshuk; Chun-wang Wei; Yi-ru Chen; Yu-chun Wang

2007-01-01

278

Reflections on an informal learning environment with invocations for classroom learning in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores postgraduate student-teacher perceptions of the educational value of learning in informal environments through a well-known global edutainment centre – KidZania – in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It provides an interpretive analysis of student-teacher reflections in online reflective discourse communities, which followed a connect–extend–challenge format. Findings show that students identified benefits and some limitations to learning in the

Fiona Baker

2012-01-01

279

Anonymity in Classroom Voting and Debating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The advent of networked environments into the classroom is changing classroom debates in many ways. This article addresses one key attribute of these environments, namely anonymity, to explore its consequences for co-present adolescents anonymous, by virtue of the computer system, to peers not to teachers. Three studies with 16-17 year-olds used…

Ainsworth, Shaaron; Gelmini-Hornsby, Giulia; Threapleton, Kate; Crook, Charles; O'Malley, Claire; Buda, Marie

2011-01-01

280

LACK OF CONDOM USE AT FIRST SEX BY MEN LINKED TO EARLY PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life history theory suggests that in risky and uncertain environments it can be adaptive to be risk prone. Failing to use a condom to prevent sexually transmitted infections and\\/or unwanted pregnancy is one form of risky activity. On the assumption that risky or uncertain environments are experienced subjectively as psychosocial stress we explored the relationship between early psychosocial stress and

Nicole Koehler; James S. Chisholm

281

Inclusive Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five Standards-based strategies for successful inclusion of special-needs students in the secondary science classroom are described in this article. Use a multisensory approach; encourage collaboration among students; provide specific expectations and ass

Alexakos, Konstantinos

2001-03-01

282

Classroom Catapults  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Wow, our plastic load flew 540 centimeters! This is so cool!" An interdisciplinary unit on catapults was responsible for the excitement and enthusiasm generated in the author's classroom. In their social studies class, students learned about the Middle A

Villano, Diane D.

2001-02-01

283

Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular risk : current opinion.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Epidemiologic research of the last half-century has clearly shown that psychosocial factors related to the social environment, personality characteristics, and negative affect increase the risk of incident CVD and also impact prognosis of cardiac patients. Several mechanisms may explain this link, including a genetic predisposition, poor lifestyle choices, low adherence to health recommendations, and direct pathophysiologic perturbations. The latter include alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis and autonomic dysfunction resulting in endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and a prothrombotic state further downstream. Screening for psychosocial factors seems appropriate as part of the standard history and based on the clinician's knowledge of the patient and the purpose of the visit. Psychological interventions generally alleviate distress in cardiac patients, but whether they reduce the risk of hard cardiovascular endpoints and all-cause mortality is less evident. Cardiac patients with more severe depression may particularly profit from antidepressant medications. Due to their pharmacologic properties, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were shown to improve cardiovascular outcome. The most effective psychosocial treatment is multicomponent therapy that combines elements of cognitive behaviour therapy ("stress management") and changes in health behaviours, including the adoption of a regular exercise regimen. Gender-specific issues should probably be considered. The field of behavioural cardiology has accumulated a wealth of epidemiological, mechanistic and clinical knowledge that undoubtedly has furthered our understanding about the important role of psychosocial risk factors in patients with a heart disease. PMID:22271452

von Känel, Roland

2012-01-20

284

A study of 5- to 6-year-old children's peer dynamics and dialectical learning in a computer-based technology-rich classroom environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to explore characteristics of 5- to 6-year-old kindergartners’ peer dynamics during a seven week learning experience in a computer-based technology-rich classroom in the US. The children (9 boys and 9 girls) were placed in pairs by the classroom teacher, based on her perception of the their friendships. Measures of each child’s computer proficiency were

Eunsook Hyun

2005-01-01

285

Psychosocial Treatments for Preschool-Aged Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the research literature on psychosocial treatments for preschool-aged children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the context of the developmental and contextual needs of this population (e.g., increased parenting demands, differences in classroom structure, and the child's emerging developmental…

LaForett, Dore R.; Murray, Desiree W.; Kollins, Scott H.

2008-01-01

286

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies Through Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute to their role as productive, socially conscious, and healthy citizens. School physical education represents

Maureen R. Weiss

2011-01-01

287

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute…

Weiss, Maureen R.

2011-01-01

288

Classroom Interventions for Students With Traumatic Brain Injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) return to the school setting with a range of cognitive, psychosocial, and physical deficits that can significantly affect their academic functioning. Successful educational reintegration for students with TBI requires careful assessment of each child's unique needs and abilities and the selection of classroom interventions designed to meet those needs. In this

Julie M. Bowen

2005-01-01

289

The Psychosocial Functioning Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The derivation and psychometric analyses of a general purpose outcome\\/survey instrument—the Psychosocial Functioning Inventory (PFI—are described. The instrument contains scales designed to measure a wide array of constructs, including subjective well-being, social functioning, stressful events, treatment dependency\\/aftercare, and consumer satisfaction. Extensive reliability and validity analyses are reported, indicating reasonable reliability and validity for the PFI scales.

Mark A. Feragne; Richard Longabaugh; John F. Stevenson

1983-01-01

290

Environments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environments are effected by the organisms that live in them. An environment is everything that surrounds and influences an organism. An environmental factor is one part of an environment-it can be living or nonliving.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-06-07

291

The Solid Earth Research and Teaching Environment, a new software framework to share research tools in the classroom and across disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solid Earth Teaching and Research Environment (SEATREE) is a modular and user-friendly software framework to facilitate the use of solid Earth research tools in the classroom and for interdisciplinary research collaboration. SEATREE is open source and community developed, distributed freely under the GNU General Public License. It is a fully contained package that lets users operate in a graphical mode, while giving more advanced users the opportunity to view and modify the source code. Top level graphical user interfaces which initiate the calculations and visualize results, are written in the Python programming language using an object-oriented, modern design. Results are plotted with either Matlab-like Python libraries, or SEATREE’s own Generic Mapping Tools wrapper. The underlying computational codes used to produce the results can be written in any programming language and accessed through Python wrappers. There are currently four fully developed science modules for SEATREE: (1) HC is a global geodynamics tool based on a semi-analytical mantle-circulation program based on work by B. Steinberger, Becker, and C. O'Neill. HC can compute velocities and tractions for global, spherical Stokes flow and radial viscosity variations. HC is fast enough to be used for classroom instruction, for example to let students interactively explore the role of radial viscosity variations for global geopotential (geoid) anomalies. (2) ConMan wraps Scott King’s 2D finite element mantle convection code, allowing users to quickly observe how modifications to input parameters affect heat flow over time. As seismology modules, SEATREE includes, (3), Larry, a global, surface wave phase-velocity inversion tool and, (4), Syn2D, a Cartesian tomography teaching tool for ray-theory wave propagation in synthetic, arbitrary velocity structure in the presence of noise. Both underlying programs were contributed by Boschi. Using Syn2D, students can explore, for example, how well a given input structure (e.g., a checkerboard pattern) will be resolved by data for different types of earthquake-receiver geometries. Additionally, Larry3D, a three-dimensional seismic tomography tool contributed by Boschi, and NonLinLoc, a nonlinear earthquake relocation tool by Anthony Lomax, are both under development. The goal of all of the implemented modules is to aid in teaching research techniques, while remaining flexible enough for use in true research applications. In the long run, SEATREE may contribute to new ways of sharing scientific research, making published (numerical) experiments truly reproducible again. SEATREE can be downloaded as a package from http://geosys.usc.edu/projects/seatree/wiki/, and users can also subscribe to our Subversion project page. The software is designed to run on GNU/Linux based platforms and has also been successfully run on Mac OS-X. Our poster will present the four currently implemented modules, along with our design philosophies and implementation details.

Milner, K.; Becker, T. W.; Boschi, L.; Sain, J.; Schorlemmer, D.; Waterhouse, H.

2009-12-01

292

Integrating Technology in a Montessori Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of the prepared environment to the Montessori educational philosophy necessitates careful teacher training to successfully implement computer technology in the Montessori classroom. This paper explores the views and experiences of 11 Montessori teachers in integrating computers in their classroom. The paper maintains that Maria…

Love, Arlene; Sikorski, Pat

293

Revisiting Cable TV in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of cable television focuses on its use in the classroom. Topics include the learning environment; design, preparation, and delivery of instruction; teacher-learner interactions; examples of cable television use in the classroom; program development; equipment infrastructure; costs; and current trends and federal legislation. (LRW)|

Holmes, Glen A.; Wenrich, John

1997-01-01

294

Virtual Classroom with Intelligent Virtual Tutor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to improve the educational function of e-learning, a virtual classroom with intelligent virtual tutor has been developed. Architecture of the virtual classroom system is presented. The intelligent virtual tutor can perceive environment and make its own decision to enhance the interaction between tutor and remote students in some degree. The virtual tutor is emotive, which can help remote

Yan Hu; Gang Zhao

2010-01-01

295

"Hate in the Classroom": A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Raphael Cohen-Almagor's article "Hate in the Classroom: Free Expression, Holocaust Denial, and Liberal Education" (2008) calls for sanctions on those K-12 public school teachers whose deployment of "hate speech"--and/or associations with others who deploy it--creates a "poisoned environment" in the classroom. While stating his belief in the role…

Heinrichs, Terry

2008-01-01

296

Design a Net-Zero Energy Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students create a concept design of their very own net-zero energy classroom by pasting renewable energy and energy-efficiency items into and around a pretend classroom on a sheet of paper. They learn how these items (such as solar panels, efficient lights, computers, energy meters, etc.) interact to create a learning environment that produces as much energy as it uses.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

297

Code Choice in the Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Code Choice in the Language Classroom argues that the foreign language classroom is and should be regarded as a multilingual community of practice rather than as a perpetually deficient imitator of an exclusive second-language environment. From a sociocultural and ecological perspective, Levine guides the reader through a theoretical, empirical,…

Levine, Glenn S.

2011-01-01

298

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are discussed: (1) "Constructing a line segment whose length is equal to the measure of a given angle" (W. Jacob and T. J. Osler); (2) "Generating functions for the powers of Fibonacci sequences" (D. Terrana and H. Chen); (3) "Evaluation of mean and variance integrals without…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

299

Smart Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What makes a classroom "smart"? Presentation technologies such as projectors, document cameras, and LCD panels clearly fit the bill, but when considering other technologies for teaching, learning, and developing content, the possibilities become limited only by the boundaries of an institution's innovation. This article presents 32 best practices…

Kelly, Rhea, Ed.

2006-01-01

300

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are discussed: (1) "Constructing a line segment whose length is equal to the measure of a given angle" (W. Jacob and T. J. Osler); (2) "Generating functions for the powers of Fibonacci sequences" (D. Terrana and H. Chen); (3) "Evaluation of mean and variance integrals without…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

301

Classrooms Offer Quiet Academic Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A building shell at Southern Illinois University has partitions that can be repositioned to suit changing needs. Silencing, heating, and cooling equipment received close attention to eliminate noise. The University of Minnesota has a new underground building housing a bookstore and offices that does not require heating. (Author/MLF)|

Garbrecht, Marilyn

1977-01-01

302

Managing Diverse Classrooms: How to Build on Students' Cultural Strengths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book will help you understand some of the most powerful cultural differences that can lead to classroom conflict for many students and how you can actually capitalize on these differences to make your classroom a harmonious, productive environment. Drawing from a seven-year action research study of elementary classrooms with high percentages…

Rothstein-Fisch, Carrie; Trumbull, Elise

2008-01-01

303

Situated Practice: A Reflection on Person-Centered Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a situated perspective on the person-centered classroom management practices described in this issue, in order to highlight the special contribution these practices make to sustaining meaningful student engagement in classroom activity. Building on Paul Gump's efforts to conceptualize the classroom environment, the…

Doyle, Walter

2009-01-01

304

Classroom Management Styles in Context: Two Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management is defined as the organization of the classroom as a learning environment; the management of student discipline, order, and care; the grouping of students for different tasks and patterns of interaction; and the individualization of student learning. This paper reports on two Swedish case studies of contrasting classroom

Stensmo, Christer

305

Guerrilla Video: A New Protocol for Producing Classroom Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary changes in pedagogy point to the need for a higher level of video production value in most classroom video, replacing the default video protocol of an unattended camera in the back of the classroom. The rich and complex environment of today's classroom can be captured more fully using the higher level, but still easily manageable,…

Fadde, Peter; Rich, Peter

2010-01-01

306

Psychosocial challenges facing physicians of today.  

PubMed

Fundamental changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care have added new stressors or opportunities to the medical profession. These new potential stressors are in addition to previously recognized external and internal ones. The work environment of physicians poses both psychosocial, ergonomic, and physico-chemical threats. The psychosocial work environment has, if anything, worsened. Demands at work increase at the same time as influence over one's work and intellectual stimulation from work decrease. In addition, violence and the threat of violence is another major occupational health problem physicians increasingly face. Financial constraint, managed care and consumerism in health care are other factors that fundamentally change the role of physicians. The rapid deployment of new information technologies will also change the role of the physician towards being more of an advisor and information provider. Many of the minor health problems will increasingly be managed by patients themselves and by non-physician professionals and practitioners of complementary medicine. Finally, the economic and social status of physicians are challenged which is reflected in a slower salary increase compared to many other professional groups. The picture painted above may be seen as uniformly gloomy. In reality, that is not the case. There is growing interest in and awareness of the importance of the psychosocial work environment for the delivery of high quality care. Physicians under stress are more likely to treat patients poorly, both medically and psychologically. They are also more prone to make errors of judgment. Studies where physicians' work environment in entire hospitals has been assessed, results fed-back, and physicians and management have worked with focused improvement processes, have demonstrated measurable improvements in the ratings of the psychosocial work environment. However, it becomes clear from such studies that quality of the leadership and the physician team impact on the overall work atmosphere. Physicians unaware of the goals of the department as well as the hospital, that do not receive management performance feedback, and who do not get annual performance appraisals and career guidance, rate their psychosocial environment as more adverse than their colleagues. There is also a great need to offer personally targeted competence development plans. Heads of department and senior physicians rate their work environment as of higher quality than more junior and mid-career physicians. More specifically, less senior physicians perceive similar work demands as their senior colleagues but rate influence over work, skills utilization, and intellectual stimulation at work as significantly worse. In order to combat negative stressors in the physicians' work environment, enhancement initiatives should be considered both at the individual, group, and structural level. Successful resources used by physicians to manage the stress of everyday medicine should be identified. Physicians are a key group to ensure a well-functioning health care system. In order to be able to change and adapt to the ongoing evolution of the Western health care system, more focus needs to be put on the psychosocial aspects of physicians' work. PMID:11144776

Arnetz, B B

2001-01-01

307

Psychosocial Impact of Abdominoplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The number of patients desiring reconstructive surgery after a huge weight loss achieved with gastric banding is increasing.\\u000a This study was undertaken to determine whether plastic surgical removal of an overlap flap has a psychosocial effect on patients.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Thirty-women and four men who underwent overlap flap surgery were interviewed 1 day before, and again 3 and approximately\\u000a 12 months after the procedure

Kristina Stuerz; Hildegunde Piza; Klaus Niermann; Johann F. Kinzl

2008-01-01

308

A Multi-Instrument Examination of Preschool Classroom Quality and the Relationship between Program, Classroom, and Teacher Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: A statewide study of preschool classroom quality was conducted using 3 distinct classroom observation measures in order to inform a statewide quality rating system. Findings suggested that Tennessee preschool classrooms were approaching "good" quality on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) and…

Denny, Joanna Hope; Hallam, Rena; Homer, Karen

2012-01-01

309

Associations between Peer Bullying and Classroom Concentration: Evidence for Mediation by Perceived Personal Safety and Relationship with Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being bullied is associated with a psycho-social maladjustment during childhood. One hitherto largely overlooked correlate is disrupted classroom concentration. Using data collected from 364 9-11-year-old children attending seven junior schools in the UK, we tested a model in which children's perceived safety in two contexts (classroom and…

Boulton, Michael; Woodmansey, Helen; Williams, Emma; Spells, Ruth; Nicholas, Beth; Laxton, Eleanor; Holman, Gemma; Duke, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

310

Associations between Peer Bullying and Classroom Concentration: Evidence for Mediation by Perceived Personal Safety and Relationship with Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Being bullied is associated with a psycho-social maladjustment during childhood. One hitherto largely overlooked correlate is disrupted classroom concentration. Using data collected from 364 9-11-year-old children attending seven junior schools in the UK, we tested a model in which children's perceived safety in two contexts (classroom and…

Boulton, Michael; Woodmansey, Helen; Williams, Emma; Spells, Ruth; Nicholas, Beth; Laxton, Eleanor; Holman, Gemma; Duke, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

311

Rubric for Content Classification: Helping Instructors Make Classroom Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines a classification system that offers a framework for discussing and choosing questions regarding curricular organization, classroom environment, and teaching and learning strategies. (Contains 21 references.) (DDR)|

Bondesan, S. R.; Brummer, J. G.; Wright, S. M.

2002-01-01

312

Psychosocial Impact of Acne vulgaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although knowledge concerning the impact of acne vulgaris on quality of life has increased in recent years, relatively few studies have assessed the effect of a change in clinical severity on psychosocial state. Objective: Assessment of the effect of a change in clinical acne severity on psychosocial state. Methods: This was investigated by means of questionnaires and clinical assessements

M. M. S. Mulder; V. Sigurdsson; E. J. van Zuuren; E. J. Klaassen; J. A. J. Faber; J. B. F. de Wit; W. A. van Vloten

2001-01-01

313

Psychosocial treatments for adolescent depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major Depressive Disorders affect between 2% and 5% of adolescents at any one point in time. Depression in adolescence is associated with serious psychosocial deficits and has negative effects on functioning during young adulthood. Starting with the pioneering work of Lenore Butler and her colleagues, many psychosocial interventions have been developed and studied, with generally positive results. On the basis

Peter M Lewinsohn; Gregory N Clarke

1999-01-01

314

Psychosocial Factors Affecting Dissertation Completion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the psychosocial factors associated with doctoral dissertation completion or delay. Examines the effects of two factors, procrastination and perfectionism, in greater detail and reports on a study of 142 education doctoral students and 97 graduates. Notes that educators should consider the role of these psychosocial factors as they help…

Green, Kathy E.

1997-01-01

315

Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The benefits and advantages of classroom practices incorporating unity-in-diversity and diversity-in-unity are what "Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms" is all about. Multilevel classrooms--also known as mixed-ability or heterogeneous classrooms--are a fact of life in ESOL programs around the world. These classrooms are often not only multilevel…

Baurain, Bradley, Ed.; Ha, Phan Le, Ed.

2010-01-01

316

SOCIAL WORK STUDENTS AND THEIR LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: A COMPARISON OF INTERACTIVE TELEVISION, FACE-TO-FACE INSTRUCTION, AND THE TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literature on social work student experiences in distance education is limited, as are studies of student experiences using valid comparison groups. This study compares three groups of students in a research methods course. One group took the course in a classroom from which interactive television (ITV) broadcasts originated; another group participated in the same section from a remote site; and

Helen E. Petracchi; Michael A. Patchner

2000-01-01

317

Code-Switching in the Primary Classroom: One Response to the Planned and the Unplanned Language Environment in Brunei [and] A Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how the teacher incorporates elements of both "Bahasa Melayu" and Brunei Malay into content lessons and views code switching in the primary classroom within the wider framework of community language norms and the linguistic pressures on students and teachers. Espiritu shares Martin's concern regarding the quantity and quality of verbal…

Martin, Peter W.; Espiritu, Clemencia C

1996-01-01

318

Reflection and Exploration of Interactive Teaching in College English Intensive Reading Classroom of Newly Built Universities under Network Environment in Minority Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

College English Intensive Reading is a course of comprehensive skills. Its main purpose is to develop and improve students' comprehensive abilities of using English, but more or less there still exist problems to be solved in classroom interactive teaching during the practical teaching process in newly-built undergraduate universities in minority areas. However, if we redefine and reconstruct the roles of

Zhou Xiu-miao; Yang Jun

2011-01-01

319

Different Identity Revelation Modes in an Online Peer-Assessment Learning Environment: Effects on Perceptions toward Assessors, Classroom Climate and Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effects of four different identity revelation modes (three fixed modes: real-name, anonymity, nickname and one dynamic user self-choice mode) on participants' perceptions toward their assessors, classroom climate, and past experience with the learning activity in which they were engaged were examined. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental…

Yu, Fu-Yun; Wu, Chun-Ping

2011-01-01

320

The Relation of Classroom Environment and School Belonging to Academic Self-Efficacy among Urban Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 149 low-income, ethnically heterogeneous, fourth- and fifth-grade students completed self-report surveys in the fall and spring of 1 academic year. We examined classroom climate (satisfaction, cohesion, friction, task difficulty, and competition) and school belonging in relation to language arts and math and science self-efficacy,…

McMahon, Susan D.; Wernsman, Jamie; Rose, Dale S.

2009-01-01

321

The Learning Environment in Clicker Classrooms: Student Processes of Learning and Involvement in Large University-Level Courses Using Student Response Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To explore what social and educational infrastructure is needed to support classroom use of student response systems (Roschelle et al., 2004), this study investigated the ways in which student characteristics and course design choices were related to students' assessments of the contribution of clicker use to their learning and involvement in the…

Trees, April R.; Jackson, Michele H.

2007-01-01

322

Synchronous virtual classrooms: Student perceptions from an online and blended education course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual classrooms are online environments that enable students and instructors to interact as if they were face to face in a classroom. In this study, the researchers compared the perceptions of 57 undergraduate students who used the virtual classroom in a fully online and a blended education course. Students in the fully online course rated the virtual classroom features and

Michele A. Parker; Florence Martin

2010-01-01

323

Redefining the High-Technology Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the high-technology classroom in terms of both physical and virtual space. Information technology is crucial in expanding the walls of the physical classroom to create a “virtual” space for learning. The article takes a communications-based perspective to suggest that faculty need to understand the nature of new technology-enabled teaching environments, appreciate the opportunities the environment affords, and

Gary W. Dickson; Albert Segars

1999-01-01

324

Why Our Open Classrooms Fail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The staff in British Infant Schools creates a special learning environment. British parents have differing expectations of the schools and their own educational role. In creating the open classroom, a modification of the British Infant School, American educators seem to have missed these two crucial points. (SJL)

Henson, Kenneth T.

1979-01-01

325

Acoustical Modifications for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews procedures for evaluating, measuring, and modifying noise and reverberation levels in the classroom environment. Recommendations include: relocating children away from high noise sources, such as fans, air conditioners, heating ducts, and faulty lighting fixtures, using sound-absorbing materials, using acoustical ceiling tile…

Crandell, Carl C.; Smaldino, Joseph J.

1999-01-01

326

Voicing Concern about Noisy Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background noise from loud ventilation systems, outdoor activities, and poor acoustics can lead to voice problems for teachers, worsen hearing-impaired students' listening ability, and create unhealthy learning environments. Solutions include providing teachers with a sound-field amplification system and improving classroom acoustics. (MLH)|

Anderson, Karen L.

2001-01-01

327

[The psychosocial roots of racism and xenophobia].  

PubMed

The concept of race is only a human particularity. In spite of this, the racism, as a construction of imagination or a paranocial delusion or an ethnic attitude, is spread among the narcissist personalities and the environment dominated by nationalist or religious fanaticism and anyway generates collective violence. There is also a psychosocial racism almost always actual in the common human relations, appeared in form of positive attitudes towards similar others and negative attitudes towards different others. The best defence against these both phenomena are the attitudes of tolerance, understanding and liking. PMID:10846583

Alonso-Fernández, F

1999-01-01

328

Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The current state of the literature regarding psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia is reviewed within the frameworks of the recovery model of mental health and the expanded stress-vulnerability model. Interventions targeting specific domains of functioning, age groups, stages of illness, and human service system gaps are classified as evidence-based practices or promising practices according to the extent to which their efficacy is currently supported by meta-analyses and individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Evidence-based practices include assertive community treatment (ACT), cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for psychosis, cognitive remediation, family psychoeducation, illness self-management training, social skills training, and supported employment. Promising practices include cognitive adaptive therapy, CBT for posttraumatic stress disorder, first-episode psychosis intervention, healthy lifestyle interventions, integrated treatment for co-occurring disorders, interventions targeting older individuals, peer support services, physical disease management, prodromal stage intervention, social cognition training, supported education, and supported housing. Implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:23330939

Mueser, Kim T; Deavers, Frances; Penn, David L; Cassisi, Jeffrey E

2013-01-16

329

Militarism: a psychosocial disease.  

PubMed

The prevention of nuclear was logically implies the abolition of war itself. Approaches to the prevention of war founder on a paradox: as long as war is a credible option, measures to prevent war must be balanced against their negative effect on the conduct of a war if war breaks out. A different approach is to eliminate the credibility of the war option. Militarism is a major obstacle which effectively masks the inherent irrationality of war. Trial by combat is as absurd as the ancient practice of trial by ordeal to determine guilt or innocence. When militarims is addressed as a psychosocial disease, the absurd irrationality of its symptoms is clearly exposed. The actions of medical organizations like the Medical Association for Prevention of War (MAPW) Medical Campaign against Nuclear Weapons (MCANW), Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), can be appropriately viewed as small but effective steps in the treatment of this disease. PMID:9132542

Coulter, N A

330

The Classroom Animal: Crickets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests using crickets for classroom activities, providing background information on their anatomy and reproduction and tips on keeping individual organisms or a breeding colony in the classroom. (JN)|

Kramer, David C.

1985-01-01

331

GLOBE Assessment Classroom Tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The GLOBE Classroom Assessment site provides sample student assessment tools and frameworks to provide teachers and students with evidence about progress on NASA's Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) program goals. GLOBE Assessment has three main components: (1) GLOBE Assessment Standards - Broad overview of assessment indexing to standards and frameworks that specify commonly referenced science content areas and inquiry strategies (2) GLOBE Assessment Tools - Templates, rubrics, and guided exemplars to tailor your assessments. Exemplars are designed to assess students' deep understanding of GLOBE framework strategies. (3) GLOBE Assessment Alignment - Materials from GLOBE Conference 2001 Alignment Binder which provided tools to link GLOBE to National and State standards.

1999-01-01

332

New learning environment for enhancing storytelling activities of children with intellectual disabilities\\/autism using a personal robot in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the results of two-year's practical research in a classroom of children with intellectual disabilities and\\/or autism. We conducted one 40-minute lesson per week for two years with three autistic children and one with Down's syndrome. The children were studying kokugo (Japanese language). A prototype personal robot from NEC corp., PaPeRo, was utilized as a major

Tetsuya MUNEKATA; Yoshihiro FUJITA; Toshihiro NISHIZAWA

333

An Engaging Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author believes that a stimulating learning environment can offer benefits to the general classroom conduct of young people through the different charts displayed in his classroom. Students see the teacher taking pride in their shared working environment and wall or table graffiti. He mentions that he does not only care for his students'…

Krueger, Tom

2010-01-01

334

A Biological Brain in a Cultural Classroom: Applying Biological Research to Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book applies the latest in brain research and learning theory to classroom management. The concepts of psychoneurophysiology are made readily accessible. The book offers creative data gathering activities to help students manage their own behavior and to help teachers learn how their own behavior impacts the classroom environment. The seven…

Sylwester, Robert

335

Classroom Management: Techniques, Policies, Procedures, and Programs to Ensure that Discipline "Rules" in Your Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains that an in effective classroom discipline program, students are taught self-discipline, students know what the classroom standards are, and teachers' standards for behavior fit the occasion and environment. It offers eight steps for teachers having problems with an entire class (e.g., look at oneself, talk to the department…

Logan, Janice G.

336

Impact of classroom design on interactive whiteboard use in a special needs classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical environment of a classroom—how space is organized and controlled—impacts the use of technology within that setting. This paper presents the initial rationale for choosing an interactive whiteboard (IWB) as the platform for software designed to encourage play in primary students with Autism Spectrum Disorders. An observational study of normal classroom practice and of an installed version of the

Grant Shannon; Sally Jo Cunningham

2009-01-01

337

The "Classroom Systems Observation Scale": Development of an Instrument To Assess Classrooms Using a Systems Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the Classroom Systems Observation Scale (CSOS), which assesses preschool through sixth grade classroom functioning from a systems perspective using a theoretical framework based on the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems. Discusses influences of home environment and parental support on learning; and…

Fish, Marian C.; Dane, Elizabeth

2000-01-01

338

Is neuropsychology a psychosocial science?  

PubMed

Many early investigators of brain-behavior relationships focused their investigative efforts on the psychiatric implications of brain damage and dysfunction. Descriptions of emotional dyscontrol and other psychosocial difficulties appeared frequently in their writings. Although dimensions of perception, memory, and cognition dominate the current neuropsychological literature, the psychosocial implications of patterns of neuropsychological assets and deficits retain their importance (e.g., in the study of the dementing diseases of adulthood). Our investigations of brain-behavior relationships and their impact on psychosocial functioning have attempted to expand upon and chart a somewhat different (subtypal) course for this area of study. One clearly evident conclusion of these efforts is that neuropsychology is a psychosocial science. Some implications of our findings for research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:18608661

Rourke, Byron P

2008-02-26

339

Cell phones: the psychosocial risks.  

PubMed

Cell phones are a relatively novel and evolving technology. While the potential benefits of this technology continue to emerge, so do the potential psychosocial risks. For example, one psychosocial risk is user stress, which appears to be related to feeling compelled to promptly respond to cell-phone activity in order to maintain spontaneity and access with others. Other potential psychosocial risks include disruptions in sleep; the user's risk of exposure to cyberbullying, particularly the unwanted exposure of photographs and/or videos of the victim; and overuse, particularly among adolescents. With regard to the latter phenomenon, the boundaries among overuse, misuse, dependence, and addiction are not scientifically clear. Therefore, while cell phones are a convenient and expedient technology, they are not without their potential psychosocial hazards. PMID:23439568

Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

2013-01-01

340

Measuring the Psychosocial Characteristics of Teacher Candidates Through the Academic Self-Identity: Self-Observation Yearly (ASI SOY) Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study contends that multiple psychosocial factors mediate students’ pursuit of the teaching profession, including beliefs, ethnic identity, acculturation, efficacy, and motivation. Despite the myriad literature addressing teacher characteristics, less is known about how these factors influence the academic or personal development of teacher candidates preparing to teach in diverse classrooms. The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Academic

Belinda Bustos Flores; Ellen Riojas Clark; Norma S. Guerra; Cindy M. Casebeer; Serafin V. Sánchez; Hayley J. Mayall

2010-01-01

341

Psychosocial Intervention in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Occupational therapy as a psychosocial approach based on cognitive rehabilitation among clients with schizophrenia is discussed\\u000a in this chapter. For these clients it is demonstrated that psychopharmacologic treatment combined with psychosocial interventions\\u000a is more effective than solely psychopharmacologic treatment. This strategy improves cognitive aspects and social functioning\\u000a and consequently counteracts the deterioration caused by the illness (Huxley et al., 2000).

Adriana D. B. Vizzotto; Patricia C. Buchain; Jorge Henna Netto; Hélio Elkis

342

She Will Succeed! Strategies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategies to help students with disabilities succeed in inclusive classrooms are explained using several mnemonics. These include 14 steps to modify the learning environment by using a SHE WILL SUCCEED mnemonic and examining the classroom by using a CRIME mnemonic (Curriculum, Rules, Instruction, Materials, and Environment). (Contains…

Prater, Mary Anne

2003-01-01

343

Classroom Management. Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In learning-centered classrooms, the emphasis of classroom management shifts from maintaining behavioral control to fostering student engagement and self-regulation as well as community responsibility. This brief describes classroom management in "learning centered" classrooms, where practices are consistent with recent research knowledge about…

National Education Association Research Department, 2006

2006-01-01

344

Psychosocial needs of burns nurses: a descriptive phenomenological inquiry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the psychosocial needs of nurses who care for patients with severe burn injuries. Burns nurses work in an emotionally challenging and confronting environment, for which they are in need of emotional and clinical support. Exposure to such high levels of stress in this occupational environment has implications for nurses' health and psychosocial well-being. Seven burns nurses were recruited in 2009 from a severe burn injury unit in New South Wales, Australia. A qualitative phenomenological methodology was used to construct themes depicting nurses' experiences. Participants were selected through purposeful sampling, and data were collected through in-depth individual semistructured interviews using open-ended questions. Data were analyzed with Colaizzi's phenomenological method of data analysis. The psychosocial needs of burns nurses were identified and organized into five categories: peer nursing support, informal support, lack of support, multidisciplinary team collaboration, and professional support. The findings clearly demonstrate that support and unity within the workplace are fundamental factors for the psychosocial well-being of nurses caring for patients who have sustained a severe burn injury. Support for nurses in the form of regular professional or collegial debriefing sessions and utilization of employee assistance programs could ease the impact of the stressful environment in which they operate, and could influence staff retention. However, a supportive workplace culture is necessary to encourage nurses to access these services. PMID:21245766

Kornhaber, Rachel Anne; Wilson, Anne

345

The ISI Classroom Observation System: Examining the Literacy Instruction Provided to Individual Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Individualizing Student Instruction (ISI) classroom observation and coding system is designed to provide a detailed picture of the classroom environment at the level of the individual student. Using a multidimensional conceptualization of the classroom environment, foundational elements (teacher warmth and responsiveness to students,…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Fishman, Barry J.; Ponitz, Claire Cameron; Glasney, Stephanie; Underwood, Phyllis S.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Crowe, Elizabeth Coyne; Schatschneider, Christopher

2009-01-01

346

Psychosocial aspects of abortion  

PubMed Central

The literature on psychosocial aspects of abortion is confusing. Individual publications must be interpreted in the context of cultural, religious, and legal constraints obtaining in a particular society at a given time, with due attention to the status and availability of alternatives to abortion that might be chosen by a woman with an “unwanted” pregnancy. A review of the literature shows that, where careful pre- and post-abortion assessments are made, the evidence is that psychological benefit commonly results, and serious adverse emotional sequelae are rare. The outcome of refused abortion seems less satisfactory, with regrets and distress frequently occurring. Research on the administration of abortion services suggests that counselling is often of value, that distress is frequently caused by delays in deciding upon and in carrying out abortions, and by unsympathetic attitudes of service providers. The phenomenon of repeated abortion seeking should be seen in the context of the availability and cost of contraception and sterilization. The place of sterilization with abortion requires careful study. A recommendation is made for observational descriptive research on populations of women with potentially unwanted pregnancies in different cultures, with comparisons of management systems and an evaluation of their impact on service users.

Illsley, Raymond; Hall, Marion H.

1976-01-01

347

[Psychosocial aspects of halitosis].  

PubMed

Using a representative sample from the Dutch population, some psychosocial aspects of halitosis were examined. The results of the survey showed that almost 90% of the Dutch population aged 16 years and older were regularly faced with halitosis. Forty percent reported to be exposed to someone with halitosis at least once a week, men significantly more frequently than women. Although less strongly than body odour, halitosis was reported as being one of the most severe 'let-downs' in social interactions. The greater the social distance between subjects, the less likely is the chance that a person's attention will be drawn to halitosis experienced. When it comes to an unknown person, the chance was no more than 7%, suggesting that it is problematic to draw a person's attention to the presence of halitosis. Considering the potential social consequences of halitosis is it important that dentists and dental hygienists draw patients' attention to the presence of halitosis, when this is the case, thereby encouraging them to seek adequate treatment. PMID:23050381

de Jongh, A; de Baat, C; Horstman, M

2012-09-01

348

Depression in the classroom: considerations and strategies.  

PubMed

Depression is a prevalent and debilitating disorder that can severely affect a young person’s social, emotional, and academic functioning. Identifying depression early is essential to reducing the impact of this disorder. Depression is treatable. However, there are a number of classroom and school supports that can be put in place to assist a young person experiencing or recovering from depression. Preventing the development of depression through effective classroom programs should be encouraged and supported within the school environment. PMID:22137817

Calear, Alison L

2011-10-21

349

The Dynamics of Motivation and Effort for Classroom Assessments in Middle School Science and Social Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation and effort patterns associated with achievement on classroom assess- ments in middle-school science and social studies were studied with a sample of 223 8th graders in different classroom assessment environments. Classroom assessment environments were characterized by student perceptions of the importance and value of assessment tasks, perceived self-efficacy, and mastery goal orientations. It was ex- pected that both classroom

Susan M. Brookhart; Janet M. Walsh; Wayne A. Zientarski

2006-01-01

350

Building a Virtual Classroom: The Construction Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the process of designing and building a virtual classroom using a 3D environment building tool. This is part of a larger project to create a virtual education environment to facilitate the communications interactions present in the teacher student matrix, while investigating the role of these interactions in the learning process. There are many initiatives to enable virtual

Susan Chard

351

Toward the virtual classroom  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) encourages its employees to remotely attend classes given by Stanford University, University of California at Davis, and the National Technological University (NTU). To improve the quality of education for LLNL employees, we are cooperating with Stanford University in upgrading the Stanford Instructional Television Network (SITN). A dedicated high-speed communication link (Tl) between Stanford and LLNL will be used for enhanced services such as videoconferencing, real time classnotes distribution, and electronic distribution of homework assignments. The new network will also allow students to take classes from their offices with the ability to ask the professor questions via an automatically dialed telephone call. As part of this upgrade, we have also proposed a new videoconferencing based classroom environment where students taking remote classes would feel as though they are attending the live class. All paperwork would be available in near real time and students may converse normally with, and see, other remote students as though they were all in the same physical location. We call this the Virtual Classroom.'' 1 ref., 6 figs.

Pihlman, M.; Dirks, D.H.

1990-01-03

352

Configurations of Common Childhood Psychosocial Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Co-occurrence of psychosocial risk factors is commonplace, but little is known about psychiatrically-predictive configurations of psychosocial risk factors. Methods: Latent class analysis (LCA) was applied to 17 putative psychosocial risk factors in a representative population sample of 920 children ages 9 to 17. The resultant class…

Copeland, William; Shanahan, Lilly; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian

2009-01-01

353

Psychosocial factors in juvenile diabetes: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies assessing (1) the influence of psychosocial factors on the onset of juvenile diabetes, (2) the influence of psychosocial factors on the course of this disease, and (3) the influence of diabetes on the psychosocial development of the child are reviewed. Directions for future research are suggested.

Suzanne Bennett Johnson

1980-01-01

354

Tips from the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four tips for use in the English-as-a-Second-Language classroom are highlighted: Mr. Bean in the Classroom; Defining Your Future; Coin Questions; Our Futures: Simple, Progressive, and Perfect. (Author/VWL)

Epstein, Jim; Ashcraft, Nikki; Clarke, Paul M.; Wolf, Grant S.

1999-01-01

355

The Nonsexist Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher describes her experiences in trying to reduce sex role stereotypes in her first and second grade classroom. Following this article is a test for teachers to determine whether they are unconsciously promoting sexism in the classroom. (KC)

Hill, Jan

1980-01-01

356

The Acoustical Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asserting that without an adequate acoustical environment, learning activities can be hindered, this paper reviews the literature on classroom acoustics, particularly noise, reverberation, signal-to-noise ratio, task performance, and recommendations for improvement. Through this review, the paper seeks to determine whether portable classrooms

Smith, Melissa

357

A Student Response System in an Electronic Classroom: Technology Aids for Large Classroom Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the fall of 1996, thirteen (13) classrooms on the Ball State campus were equipped with technological aids to enhance learning in large classrooms (for typically 100 students or larger). Each classroom was equipped with the following built-in equipment: computer, zip drive, laser disc player, VCR, LAN and Internet connection, TV monitors, and Elmo overhead camera with large-screen projection system. This past fall semester a student response system was added to a 108-seat classroom in the Physics and Astronomy department for use with large General Education courses. Each student seat was equipped with a hardwired hand-held unit possessing input capabilities and LCD feedback for the student. The introduction of the student response system was added in order enhance more active learning by students in the large classroom environment. Attendance, quizzes, hour exams, and in-class surveys are early uses for the system; initial reactions by student and faculty users will be given.

Ober, D.; Errington, P.; Islam, S.; Robertson, T.; Watson, J.

1997-10-01

358

Psychosocial Resources in First-Year University Students: The Role of Identity Processes and Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation involved the assessment of a model predicting that family and university relationship environments are linked\\u000a with identity processes and identity states (statuses) that predict psychosocial resources among first-year university students.\\u000a A sample of 351 university students, between the ages of 18 and 21 years, completed measures of psychosocial maturity based\\u000a on Erikson's notions of ego virtues, a measure

Gerald R. Adams; Michael D. Berzonsky; Leo Keating

2006-01-01

359

Cooley's Anemia: A Psychosocial Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The directory is intended to aid patients and their families who are coping with the genetic disorder of Cooley's anemia. A brief review of the disease covers background, genetics, symptoms, effect on the patient, treatment, and current research. The next section looks at psychosocial needs at various times (time of diagnosis, infancy and toddler…

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Washington, DC.

360

Psychosocial factors and ballet injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial factors, such as stress, anxiety, social support, and coping skills, could predict injuries (frequency and duration) among 105 ballet dancers (101 females; 4 males). The dancers were professional ballet dancers (n = 27), university ballet students (n = 19), and ballet institute students (n = 59), with a mean age

Tony Morris; Mark B. Andersen

2005-01-01

361

Antenatal psychosocial risk assessment project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a six-month State Government funded project conducted at a regional Victorian hospital. The aim of the project was to develop and introduce an antenatal risk assessment program to identify and manage psychosocially ‘at risk’ women and families. The results of the project indicate that the evidence-based assessment developed was acceptable to both expectant women and midwives. When

Lizette Willinck; Robyn Schubert

2000-01-01

362

Psychosocial Predictors of Dental Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on earlier research on psychosocial predictors of dental anxiety, this study examined the predictive ability of several demographic and personality variables. To accomplish this goal, a combined sample of 89 dental patients and 55 college students completed a self-report survey. Results indicated that greater age, female gender, lower income, greater satisfaction with life, greater thought suppression, and a stronger

James B. Hittner; Rebecca Hemmo

2009-01-01

363

Intervention Fidelity in Psychosocial Oncology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intervention fidelity refers to strategies that practitioners and researchers use to monitor, enhance, or evaluate the accuracy and consistency of the delivery of an intervention to ensure that it is implemented according to how it was planned. The purpose of the authors in this article was to evaluate intervention fidelity in the psychosocial oncology intervention effectiveness research. Twenty-eight studies located

Michèle Preyde; Priscilla V. Burnham

2011-01-01

364

Classroom Management. TESOL Classroom Practice Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This series captures the dynamics of the contemporary ESOL classroom. It showcases state-of-the-art curricula, materials, tasks, and activities reflecting emerging trends in language education and seeks to build localized language teaching and learning theories based on teachers' and students' unique experiences in and beyond the classroom. Each…

Farrell, Thomas S. C., Ed.

2008-01-01

365

Cockroaches in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome the Madagascar hissing cockroach into your classroom--they are not your average pest! This article describes the basic biology of this relatively tame creature, and how to set up and care for a classroom colony. It includes a list of suggested inquiry-centered classroom activities that you and your students will find both educational and fun!

Moseley, Christine; Wagler, Ron

2005-03-01

366

Analysing Bilingual Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper analyses and evaluates spoken discourse in the bilingual classroom at Damascus University. It looks at the mechanism of classroom interaction: the use of questions, initiations, repetitions and expansions. Although this paper deals with classroom interaction at Damascus University, it is believed that the results arrived at may…

Hasan, Ali S.

2006-01-01

367

Assessing classroom incentive practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivational effects of an experimental program of pedagogy, designed for culturally disadvantaged children, were evaluated relative to a control group of conventional classrooms. Ss were primary grade students in 155 classrooms. Results revealed experimental classrooms to be characterized by significantly more teacher approval, less teacher disapproval, and by more student solicitation of teacher attention than were found in conventional

Ted L. Rosenthal; Billie Underwood; Marion Martin

1969-01-01

368

Arranging the Informal Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the advent of the informal or open classroom, a new area of concern has become important--classroom arrangement. In the past, classrooms were oriented toward the front, toward the teacher's desk and the blackboard. Education depended mainly on the pupil's interaction with the teacher and with printed materials. Nowadays, in informal…

Engel, Brenda S.

369

Psychosocial treatments for preschool-aged children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.  

PubMed

This article reviews the research literature on psychosocial treatments for preschool-aged children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the context of the developmental and contextual needs of this population (e.g., increased parenting demands, differences in classroom structure, and the child's emerging developmental capacities). Discussion of the findings and limitations of existing studies is provided for parent-training approaches, classroom management strategies, and multimodal treatments. Although the empirical base is quite small for ADHD-specific samples, parent-training interventions have the greatest overall support for improving behavioral outcomes, with a variety of different approaches having shown effectiveness. Very few studies of classroom management and multimodal interventions have been conducted in this age group; however, initial data show promising results for teacher training and consultation interventions. The body of research suggests that the most effective treatments for clinical samples of preschoolers with ADHD and their families may be individually delivered, developmentally appropriate, and multimodal. PMID:19072758

Laforett, Doré R; Murray, Desiree W; Kollins, Scott H

2008-01-01

370

PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES IN LONG-TERM SPACE FLIGHT: OVERVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anecdotal evidence of the individual and interpersonal problems that occurred during the Shuttle-Mir Space Program (SMSP) and other long-duration Russian\\/Soviet missions, and studies of personnel in other isolated and confined extreme (ICE) environments suggest that psychosocial elements of behavior and performance are likely to have a significant impact on the outcome of long-duration missions in space. This impact may range

Lawrence A. Palinkas

2001-01-01

371

[Patterns of psychosocial stress factors and health criteria].  

PubMed

Derived from the principles of capacity and of need's realization in the load-strain-coping-concept a 5-cluster result with parameters of subjective health and psychosocial factors is demonstrated. These patterns reflect the different connections between health and the person-environment interaction. A high subjective professional load is connected with a poor health state only in a low professional performance and/or deficits of need's realization. PMID:2267858

Scheuch, K; Vogel, H; Koch, R

1990-08-01

372

Work-related psychosocial factors and carotid atherosclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background In order to better understand the role of work environment in the earlier stages of the cardiovascular disease process, we wanted to investigate the influence of work-related psychosocial factors on preclinical atherosclerosis. Methods Cross-sectional data was used to examine the association between psychological job demands, job decision latitude, and carotid atherosclerosis in 2658 vocationally-active Swedish men and women, ages

M Rosvall

2002-01-01

373

Technological Challenges: Designing Large Compressed Video and Multimedia Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designing a distance learning classroom requires integration of educational goals and philosophy with technology and ergonomics. The technological challenge and key to designing effective distance learning and multimedia classrooms is creating an environment in which the participants--students, and teacher--may easily interact with instructional…

Hart, Russ A.; Parker, Roger

374

Classroom Amplification: Not Just for the Hearing Impaired Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the difficulties that children with central auditory processing difficulties can have in the classroom environment. Classroom acoustics that can hinder a child's accessibility to instruction are discussed, including open windows or windows not designed to be acoustic barriers, increased reverberation time in rooms with high…

Dahlquist, Lori Hubble

375

Survey Development for Assessing Learning Identity in an ISLE Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative STEM curricula such as the ISLE (Investigative Science Learning Environment) curriculum [1] are centered on active engagement in social learning processes as a means to achieve curricular goals. Classroom practices are highly interactive to facilitate students' development of authentic scientist abilities. To the students, these classroom practices often seem very different from their previous learning experiences in terms of

Sissi L. Li; Jennifer A. Roth; Dedra Demaree

2010-01-01

376

Survey Development for Assessing Learning Identity in an ISLE Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative STEM curricula such as the ISLE (Investigative Science Learning Environment) curriculum [1] are centered on active engagement in social learning processes as a means to achieve curricular goals. Classroom practices are highly interactive to facilitate students’ development of authentic scientist abilities. To the students, these classroom practices often seem very different from their previous learning experiences in terms of

Sissi L. Li; Jennifer A. Roth; Dedra Demaree

2010-01-01

377

Language Socialization in Korean-as-a-Foreign-Language Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the language socialization framework, the second language (L2) classroom would constitute a powerful context of secondary socialization, particularly when it exists outside the learners' culture of origin. In this paper, first year Korean-as-a-Foreign-Language (KFL) classrooms are viewed as L2 socializing environments in which students…

Byon, Andrew Sangpil

2006-01-01

378

Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Improvements to Portable Classrooms in Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Findings are presented from a 2-year experiment exploring ways to reduce energy costs and improve the learning environment in Florida's 25,000 portable classrooms. Improvements were made in two highly instrumented portable classrooms in the following areas: installation of a T8 lighting system with electronic ballasts; a high efficiency heat pump…

Callahan, Michael P.; Parker, Danny S.; Sherwin, John R.; Anello, Michael T.

379

Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Improvements to Portable Classrooms in Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented from a 2-year experiment exploring ways to reduce energy costs and improve the learning environment in Florida's 25,000 portable classrooms. Improvements were made in two highly instrumented portable classrooms in the following areas: installation of a T8 lighting system with electronic ballasts; a high efficiency heat pump…

Callahan, Michael P.; Parker, Danny S.; Sherwin, John R.; Anello, Michael T.

380

Preservice Science Teachers' Perceptions of Their Practicum Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practicum experiences in schools are highly valued in science teacher education programs. Yet, there are few studies examining secondary preservice science teachers' practicum classrooms. This mixed-methods study explored secondary preservice science teachers' perceptions of their practicum classroom learning environments, interpreted from an…

Fazio, Xavier; Volante, Louis

2011-01-01

381

Higher Education Classroom Management: Kuwait University Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to examine students' views on the effectiveness of classroom management techniques used by faculty members. By examining their views, some insights may be gained as to the kinds of management techniques that a faculty member might adopt in order to promote better teaching and learning environment. Effective classroom management…

Al-Hamdan, Jasem

2007-01-01

382

Classroom Amplification: Not Just for the Hearing Impaired Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the difficulties that children with central auditory processing difficulties can have in the classroom environment. Classroom acoustics that can hinder a child's accessibility to instruction are discussed, including open windows or windows not designed to be acoustic barriers, increased reverberation time in rooms with high…

Dahlquist, Lori Hubble

383

Identifying Effective Behavior Management in the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every educator has a dream to maintain a classroom free from disruptions; one in which each child is being molded, shaped, and corrected in a loving and caring environment that inspires appropriate behavior. The purpose of this research project was to determine how to create an effective behavior management plan and effectively teach classroom

Victor, Kelly Rae

2005-01-01

384

Identifying Effective Behavior Management in the Early Childhood Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every educator has a dream to maintain a classroom free from disruptions; one in which each child is being molded, shaped, and corrected in a loving and caring environment that inspires appropriate behavior. The purpose of this research project was to determine how to create an effective behavior management plan and effectively teach classroom management techniques. Students involved in this

Kelly R Victor

2005-01-01

385

Higher Education Classroom Management: Kuwait University Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study attempts to examine students' views on the effectiveness of classroom management techniques used by faculty members. By examining their views, some insights may be gained as to the kinds of management techniques that a faculty member might adopt in order to promote better teaching and learning environment. Effective classroom

Al-Hamdan, Jasem

2007-01-01

386

Web-Based Virtual Classrooms: A Model for LIS Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that it is vital that all library and information science (LIS) students be trained to think and work in a virtual networked environment by taking a class in a Web-based classroom. Discusses components of a virtual classroom and describes a model Web-based class at San Jose State University. (Author/LRW)

Main, Linda

1998-01-01

387

Creativity in the Classroom...Do We Really Want It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article criticizes classroom traditions and environmental factors that serve to limit and impair students' creativity. Steps required for a more creative classroom are discussed, including adequate "think time," conducive supplies and surroundings, a risk-free environment, empowerment to think independently, and teachers who model creative…

Goree, Krystal

1996-01-01

388

Phenomena and Methodology of Studying Social Structures in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this research report, classrooms are seen as affective learning environments in which human relationships expand or restrict the quality of learning. The two-part report discusses (a) fundamental differences in social structures among classrooms, as measured by the Centrality-Diffuseness Index (C-D Index); and (b) relationships between the…

Daily, Frances M.; Phillips, James A., Jr.

389

Digital Image Manipulation and Avatar Configuration: Implications for Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper outlines concerns for inclusive classrooms involving personal digital image modifications and selections, as well as avatar configurations. Classroom interactions incorporate various dimensions of personal appearance; however, educators try to make them primarily about knowledge and wisdom. Students in environments where they can…

Oravec, Jo Ann

2012-01-01

390

Collaboratively Evaluating and Deploying Smart Technology in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For several years prior to 2000, students and faculty at McMaster University rated classrooms below those at peer universities. In the case of many classrooms, the teaching environments were outdated and the technology was old. The provost determined in 2000 that they needed to make a long-term investment in their learning spaces. For sound…

Strong, Bart; Kidney, David

2004-01-01

391

ACOT Classroom Networks: Today and Tomorrow. ACOT Report #5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow (ACOT) research project provides classroom sites with equipment, ongoing support, and training, enabling educators to discover the potential of networked learning environments. ACOT networks link together technology from Apple IIe computers and Image Writer printers, to Macintosh II systems, synthesizers, laserdisc…

Knapp, Linda

392

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Monitor the Implementation of Outcomes-Based Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of an instrument that can be used to assess students' perceptions of their learning environment as a means of monitoring and guiding changes towards outcomes-based education. In the first phase, data collected from 2638 Grade 8 science students from 50 classes in 50 schools in the Limpopo…

Aldridge, Jill M.; Laugksch, Rudiger C.; Seopa, Mampone A.; Fraser, Barry J.

2006-01-01

393

Coming Out in the Social Work Classroom: Reclaiming Wholeness and Finding the Teacher Within  

Microsoft Academic Search

LGBTQ social work educators face challenges in the classroom. Social work professionals value knowing the self, yet there remains incongruence between that knowledge of the self and classroom practice. Parker Palmer in The Courage to Teach offers a framework for examination of the subjects that choose us, and fostering an environment of integrity in the classroom. Using key concepts—identity, integrity,

Trevor G. Gates

2011-01-01

394

Master Classrooms: Classroom Design with Technology in Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is changing the classroom requiring new design features and considerations to make the classroom flexible and interactive with the teaching process. The design of a Master Classroom, a product of the Classroom Improvement Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is described. These classrooms are specially-equipped to…

Conway, Kathryn

395

Classroom acoustics: Three pilot studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes three related pilot projects designed to focus on the possible effects of classroom acoustics on fine auditory discrimination as it relates to language acquisition, especially English as a second language. The first study investigated the influence of improving the signal-to-noise ratio on the differentiation of English phonemes. The results showed better differentiation with better signal-to-noise ratio. The second studied speech perception in noise by young adults for whom English was a second language. The outcome indicated that the second language learners required a better signal-to-noise ratio to perform equally to the native language participants. The last study surveyed the acoustic conditions of preschool and day care classrooms, wherein first and second language learning occurs. The survey suggested an unfavorable acoustic environment for language learning.

Smaldino, Joseph J.

2005-04-01

396

Associations between peer bullying and classroom concentration: evidence for mediation by perceived personal safety and relationship with teacher  

Microsoft Academic Search

Being bullied is associated with a psycho-social maladjustment during childhood. One hitherto largely overlooked correlate is disrupted classroom concentration. Using data collected from 364 9–11-year-old children attending seven junior schools in the UK, we tested a model in which children’s perceived safety in two contexts (classroom and playground) and their perceived relationship with their teacher were hypothesised to mediate the

Michael Boulton; Helen Woodmansey; Emma Williams; Ruth Spells; Beth Nicholas; Eleanor Laxton; Gemma Holman; Elizabeth Duke

2012-01-01

397

[Psychosocial interventions and caregiver support].  

PubMed

Despite an increasing number of trials on the effects of psychosocial interventions in dementia, recommendations concerning these interventions are still based on limited evidence. The S3 dementia guidelines, initiated by the German associations of psychiatry and neurology (DGPPN and DGN), suggest the use of procedures including reality orientation, reminiscence, and cognitive stimulation at recommendation level C. Occupational therapy (including caregiver education), physical activation and music therapy are also suggested at recommendation level C. On a higher level of recommendation (level B), structured support of the caregiver is recommended. Based on the German healthcare system and depending on local structures, this may be offered at the medical office of a general practitioner, a specialist for neurology or psychiatry or at a memory clinic or an outpatient clinic. Furthermore, caregiver support is provided by local branches of the German Alzheimer Association. An increase in recent high level trials suggests an upcoming improvement of the evidence base for psychosocial interventions. PMID:20567961

Hüll, M; Wernher, I

2010-07-01

398

Psychosocial Maladjustment and Mimetic Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Little research has been conducted so far on the opportunities for optimal experience perceived by people facing severe psychosocial\\u000a problems and exposed to conditions of hardship and marginalization. Do they enjoy flow experiences during their daily life,\\u000a and in which domains? How do their problematic conditions affect their psychological selection pattern, and their potential\\u000a for development, goal-setting, and pursuit? These

Antonella Delle Fave; Fausto Massimini; Marta Bassi

399

Psychosocial and Mental Status Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians assess a client’s psychosocial and mental status in a variety of contexts. Clients may be screened at intake to\\u000a a service and at annual staffings, often to determine eligibility for professional services or supportive interventions. In\\u000a this type of referral the important question is whether or not there is a clinically significant problem that requires attention.\\u000a This can also

Peter Sturmey

400

Psychosocial Impact of Cosmetic Rhinoplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The psychosocial impact of cosmetic rhinoplasty in Scandinavia is poorly investigated. Therefore a study was undertaken utilizing\\u000a a mailed audit covering self-percepted experiences before, during, and after surgery. A total of 67 of 80 patients responded\\u000a to the questionnaire (84%), on average 18 months after surgery. The mean age was 31 years (range, 16–63 years) and the M\\/F\\u000a ratio

P.-O. Haraldsson

1999-01-01

401

Psychosocial Issues in Cancer Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer pain is a complex and multidimensional experience that affects and is affected by psychological and social factors.\\u000a This article reviews recent research that points to a number of key psychosocial factors associated with pain, including psychological\\u000a distress, coping, and social support, as well as the impact of socioeconomic factors on barriers to pain management. We also\\u000a review recent research

Laura S. Porter; Francis J. Keefe

402

[Psychosocial aspects in osteoporosis].  

PubMed

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone mineral density which results in an increase in bone fracture. Its etiology is still unknown. Several risks factors have been described: increase in coffee intake, decrease in calcium intake, a sedentary lifestyle, a decrease in estrogen secretion and genetic factors. It has been recently shown that mood disorders, such as Major Depression associated with high levels of cortisone, constitute a risk factor for the development of osteoporosis. Psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology considers an integrated human being, a biopsychosocial unit permanently related to his environment, overcoming the cause - effect relationship. Taking into account this point of view we studied the psychoaffective and psychodynamic aspects in patients with osteoporosis. Several disorders have been found, an increase in anxiety indexes, depression, alexithymia, a larger number of early traumatic life events, a decrease in the support network and lower quality of life. Consequently, this pathology should be dealt with within an interdisciplinary framework. It is equally important to detect osteoporosis at an early stage in patients showing mood disorders. PMID:14654873

Zonis De Zukerfeld, Raquel; Ingratta, Ricardo; Sanchez Negrete, Gabriela; Matusevich, Alberto; Intebi, Carlos

403

Does Early Psychosocial Stress Affect Mate Choice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early psychosocial stress (e.g., parental divorce, abuse) is conjectured to place individuals on a developmental trajectory\\u000a leading to earlier initiation of sexual activity, earlier reproduction, and having more sex partners than those with less\\u000a early psychosocial stress. But does it also affect an individual’s mate choice? The present study examined whether early psychosocial\\u000a stress affects preferences and dislikes for opposite-sex

Nicole Koehler; James S. Chisholm

2009-01-01

404

Psychosocial Aspects of Low Back Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Psychosocial factors have been largely investigated as outcome predictors of surgical interventions and numerous studies have\\u000a examined the consequences of surgery on psychological variables. These issues have been explored in the context of various\\u000a surgical procedures: e.g. the need to address the psychosocial profile of the candidates for fusion surgery; or the influence\\u000a of psychosocial factors in the poor outcomes

Christine Cedraschi; Valérie Piguet

405

A global perspective on psychosocial risk factors for cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed

Worldwide, there is variation in the incidence CVD with the greater burden being borne by low and middle-income countries. Traditional risk factors do not fully explain the CVD risk in populations, and there is increasing awareness of the impact the social environment and psychological factors have on CVD incidence and outcomes. The measurement of psychosocial variables is uniquely complex as variables are difficult to define objectively and local understanding of psychosocial risk factors may be subject to cultural influences. Notwithstanding this, there is a growing evidence base for the independent role they play in the pathogenesis of CVD. Consistent associations have been seen for general psychological stress, work-related stress, locus of control and depression with CVD risk. Despite the strength of this association the results from behavioural and pharmacological interventions have not clearly resulted in improved outcomes. PMID:23621967

Neylon, Antoinette; Canniffe, Carla; Anand, Sonia; Kreatsoulas, Catherine; Blake, Gavin J; Sugrue, Declan; McGorrian, Catherine

406

Screening for psychosocial risk in pediatric cancer.  

PubMed

Major professional organizations have called for psychosocial risk screening to identify specific psychosocial needs of children with cancer and their families and facilitate the delivery of appropriate evidence-based care to address these concerns. However, systematic screening of risk factors at diagnosis is rare in pediatric oncology practice. Subsequent to a brief summary of psychosocial risks in pediatric cancer and the rationale for screening, this review identified three screening models and two screening approaches [Distress Thermometer (DT), Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT)], among many more articles calling for screening. Implications of broadly implemented screening for all patients across treatment settings are discussed. PMID:22492662

Kazak, Anne E; Brier, Moriah; Alderfer, Melissa A; Reilly, Anne; Fooks Parker, Stephanie; Rogerwick, Stephanie; Ditaranto, Susan; Barakat, Lamia P

2012-04-10

407

Calling All Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents examples of innovative public/private partnerships that have successfully provided affordable telephone access to school classrooms. Contact information for each of the programs is provided. (GR)

Sturgeon, Julie

1999-01-01

408

The Classroom Animal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides background information on the earthworm. Reviews basic anatomical, behavioral, and reproductive facts. Offers suggestions for procuring, maintaining, and breeding colonies for classroom use. (ML)|

Science and Children, 1986

1986-01-01

409

Considering the Chalkless Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article shares some personal reflections on several years of integrating educational technology into mathematics courses while retaining the direct interaction strengths of the traditional classroom.|

Ellis-Monaghan, Joanna A.

2010-01-01

410

Librarian Participation in the Online Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

As distance education courses increasingly move to the online environment, librarians are discovering new challenges and opportunities for reaching distant students. Collaboration with faculty is essential in reaching students who may never enter the library building. One such method of collaboration is librarian participation in online courses through “lurking” in Blackboard and Desire2Learn classrooms and monitoring discussion threads devoted to

Jill S. Markgraf

2005-01-01

411

Native American Recipes for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of recipes is intended to assist teachers in using food in the classroom to enhance the study of Native American people. Several concepts are identified to guide teachers in developing instructional units centering around food as a means of understanding the Native American culture: (1) the impact of physical environment and…

Harvey, Karen D., Comp.

412

Incorporate Technology into the Modern Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This column describes how technology can enrich the learning environment provided by the modern language classroom. Typically, modern languages taught in U.S. public schools are French, Spanish, and German. A general broadening of high school graduation and college and professional school admission requirements to include a certain level of…

Castleberry, Gwen Troxell; Evers, Rebecca B.

2010-01-01

413

Psychosocial aspects of childhood obesity.  

PubMed

Rates of childhood obesity are increasing at alarming rates worldwide. This is especially alarming as obesity is associated with many physical and psychological consequences. A great number of studies indicate that obese children have an impaired psychological well-being (e.g., depression, self-esteem, and quality of life) compared to their non-overweight peers. There has been an overwhelming amount of research conducted in this area over the past few decades, and as such, this paper provides a summarized overview of the vast trove of available information on the psychosocial aspects of childhood obesity. In this paper we provide a summarized overview of: 1) psychosocial aspects that contribute to the onset of childhood obesity; 2) psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity; and 3) familial-based lifestyle behavior modification interventions for treating childhood obesity and its treatment success. Although it seems obvious that obese children and adolescents would likely be at higher risk for psychological problems, the mediating factors in the relationship between psychological problems and obesity are still not well established. Obesity is a complex disorder with an equally complex etiology, and is thus associated with complex behaviors and outcomes that make it difficult to study in children. It has been indicated that family-based lifestyle interventions can improve psychological well-being in obese children; however, not all children profit from these interventions. Interventions aimed at improving treatment results need further investigation. For example, interventions targeted specifically at groups that tend to be less successful in weight-loss programs and interventions providing long-term support to these individuals are recommended. PMID:22075804

De Niet, J E; Naiman, D I

2011-12-01

414

Psychosocial assessment of expectant fathers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a Background: Comprehensive antenatal psychosocial assessment of mothers prior to the birth is established in many regions. While the influence\\u000a of fathers on infant and maternal well-being is also recognised as commencing before birth, the early identification of needs\\u000a among expectant fathers has not been addressed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: The current study surveyed fathers attending antenatal classes in public and private hospitals

R. Fletcher; G. Vimpani; G. Russell; D. Sibbritt

2008-01-01

415

Research and development of web-based virtual online classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

To build a web-based virtual learning environment depends on information technologies, concerns tech- nology supporting learning methods and theories. A web-based virtual online classroom is designed and developed based on learning theories and streaming media technologies. And it is composed of two parts: instructional communicating environment (ICE) and collaborative learning environment (CLE). ICE pro- vides learners with learning materials, lecture

Zongkai Yang; Qingtang Liu

2007-01-01

416

Frontloading Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe a systematic approach to planning for the first days of school that is appropriate for today's demanding high school science classrooms. These strategies apply to any science subject and benefit student teachers, new teachers, and those teachers wishing to improve their classroom management skills. (Contains 3…

Roscoe, Keith; Orr, Kim

2010-01-01

417

The City as Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author gives a rationale for utilizing the city as a place to learn. The city has many problems and although logistics require that we conduct most education in the school building, the author argues for putting out best brains to the task of bringing the city to the classroom and to exploiting the city as a classroom when appropriate.…

Bailey, Stephen K.

418

Promoting Classroom Technology Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test two hypotheses: (1) that participation in a course providing theory and practice in the classroom use of technology promotes its use and results in gained competence in technology use; and (2) that functional relations exist among the availability of technology in the classroom, technology utilization, and…

Rosenfeld, Barbara; Martinez-Pons, Manuel

2005-01-01

419

Speaking in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too much speaking and indiscipline in class is an on-going problem for any teacher, it is at its least disruptive and at most it destroys a good positive classroom atmosphere. This article recognizes this and continues this debate and suggests key clues to support teachers in their efforts to maintain a positive classroom atmosphere and discipline…

McBain, Robert

2011-01-01

420

Technology and Classroom Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This study examines the findings from 174 case studies of innovative pedagogical practices using technology from 28 participatingcountries. The study looks at how classrooms world- wide are using technology to change the practices of teachers and students. Within many of these classrooms, the use of technologicaltools and resources supports students as they search for information, design products, and publish

An Internationals Tudy; Robert B. Kozma

421

Differentiating Classroom Guidance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To differentiate is to make different, distinct, or specialized (Costello, 1994). Differentiation has become popular in education as an instructional philosophy aimed at equitably meeting the learning needs of all students in the classroom. Differentiated planning and delivery of classroom guidance is also necessary for appropriate school…

Akos, Patrick; Cockman, Caroline R.; Strickland, Cindy A.

2007-01-01

422

Classroom Visitations Done Well  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is essential that before a school or district begins a classroom visitation program, everybody is clear about what to expect and what their role is to be in the process. The purpose of this article is to establish a typology of classroom visitations that might help schools and districts to achieve that clarity. Implemented well, each of the…

Bloom, Gary

2007-01-01

423

Talk in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that the amount and quality of talk in the classroom directly affects student achievement and describes how to avoid the initiation-response-evaluation pattern by asking open-ended questions, igniting rich conversations, and increasing wait time with students. The paper also includes Internet resources for boosting talk in the classroom,…

Power, Brenda

2001-01-01

424

Frontloading Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors describe a systematic approach to planning for the first days of school that is appropriate for today's demanding high school science classrooms. These strategies apply to any science subject and benefit student teachers, new teachers, and those teachers wishing to improve their classroom management skills. (Contains…

Roscoe, Keith; Orr, Kim

2010-01-01

425

CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT: CORRECTIVE STRATEGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classroom management requires an orchestration of effective teaching, proactive preventive strategies, practical corrective strategies, and positive supportive techniques. This approach helps teachers motivate students through active involment in their own learning and discipline processes with the goals of acquiring learning, self-management, and a repertoire of responsible behaviors. When these components are integrated in your classroom, effective teaching, management, and discipline

Patricia Kyle; Larry Rogien

426

Classroom Management in Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veryoftenstudent-teachershavedifficultyintransferringdeclarativeknowledgeintoprocedural? knowledge. When they are taking a practical course like EDUC 4120 Classroom Management, they find it difficult to apply the theories that they have learned in the course directly to their teaching practice because real-world classroom management problems are far more complicated. To bridge the gap between theory and practice, a videotape recording entitled \\

Kwok Hung; Siu Wing

427

Psychosocial Treatment for Recurrent Genital Herpes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigned 21 individuals with recurrent genital herpes to psychosocial intervention, social support, or waiting-list control conditions. Those receiving psychosocial intervention (herpes simplex virus information, relaxation training, stress management instructions, and an imagery technique) reported significantly greater reductions in herpes…

Longo, David J.; And Others

1988-01-01

428

Religious involvement and adolescent psychosocial development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if religious involvement was associated with psychosocial maturity of adolescents as understood in Erikson's psychosocial theory. Three forms of religious involvement (attendance at religious services, participation in a Bible study group, and youth group involvement) were examined in relation to ego strengths, ideological and ethnic forms of identity, general self-esteem, and school

Carol A. Markstrom

1999-01-01

429

[Psychosocial implications of variations in pubertal timing].  

PubMed

The interrelations between pubertal timing and psychosocial maturation are discussed in three perspectives: the consequences of abnormally precocious or delayed puberty on psychosocial functioning; the impact of lower (early) or upper (late) borderline normal timing of puberty on adolescent exploratory behaviors; and the study of variations in age at onset of puberty in adolescents involved in delinquency. PMID:18714654

Glowacz, Fabienne; Domine, Françoise; Ledent, Annick; Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre

2008-06-30

430

Psychosocial and Family Functioning in Spina Bifida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A developmentally oriented bio-neuropsychosocial model is introduced to explain the variation in family functioning and psychosocial adjustment in youth and young adults with spina bifida (SB). Research on the family functioning and psychosocial adjustment of individuals with SB is reviewed. The findings of past research on families of youth with…

Holmbeck, Grayson N.; Devine, Katie A.

2010-01-01

431

Psychosocial Correlates of Adolescent Substance Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined psychosocial correlates of substance abuse during late adolescence. Older adolescents' (N=276) aged 17-22, self-reported use of marijuana, cocaine, and other illicit drugs was examined in relation to several psychosocial variables, including sensation seeking, aggression, self-esteem, depression, and perceived peer prevalence…

Wagner, Eric F.; Shaw, Daniel S.

432

A Spiral Model for Teaching Psychosocial Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model for teaching psychosocial assessment to social work students that relies on systematic thinking based on a scientific approach. Great difficulty is experienced by teachers of social work in training their students to make psychosocial assessments and to present them coherently. The didactic model which is proposed here is represented graphically as a concentric spiral path

Miriam Brill; Aviva Taler

1990-01-01

433

Foster Family Resources, Psychosocial Functioning, and Retention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the effect of family resources and psychosocial problems on retention for foster families. Almost 50 percent of families who started preservice training did not complete it. Families with more psychosocial problems and fewer resources were more likely to express uncertainly about continuing. These results have…

Rhodes, Kathryn W.; Orme, John G.; Cox, Mary Ellen; Buehler, Cheryl

2003-01-01

434

Psychosocial Treatment for Recurrent Genital Herpes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assigned 21 individuals with recurrent genital herpes to psychosocial intervention, social support, or waiting-list control conditions. Those receiving psychosocial intervention (herpes simplex virus information, relaxation training, stress management instructions, and an imagery technique) reported significantly greater reductions in herpes…

Longo, David J.; And Others

1988-01-01

435

The measurement and structure of psychosocial maturity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The educational community lacks tools for assessing the nonacademic growth of students — their growth as persons and as social beings. This paper describes the development of an attitude inventory based on an interdisciplinary model of psychosocial maturity. The Psychosocial Maturity Inventory, a self-report instrument, is comprised of nine subscales and is suited for the assessment of youngsters in the

Ellen Greenberger; Ruthellen Josselson; Claramae Knerr; Bruce Knerr

1975-01-01

436

Psychosocial Rehabilitation: Issues and Answers for Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Association of Community Psychiatrists has composed a set of principles to guide psychiatry's relationship with psychosocial rehabilitation. They consist of five basic precepts offering the profession an orientation to rehabilitation, accompanied by seven issues that discuss aspects of how psychiatry must finally adopt psychosocial rehabilitation as a model of practice with people who have severe psychiatric disorders. The

Hunter L. McQuistion; Robert M. Goisman; Clifton R. Tennison

2000-01-01

437

[Psychosocial risks at work and occupational health].  

PubMed

The changes on work processes and job design in recent decades are focused in the demographic, economic, political, and technological aspects. These changes have created new psychosocial risks at work that affect the health and quality of workplace, increasing stress levels among workers. The aim of this study is to present such risks, their consequences, and some recommendations to promote health at the workplace as a strategy to improve public health of the population. The study is divided into five points in which: (1) introduces the concept of risk factors and psychosocial work, (2) describes the main emerging psychosocial risks labor, (3) provides some information on the prevalence of psychosocial risks at work in Europe and its consequences, (4) recommendations for health promotion in the workplace, and (5) describes the objective of Occupational Health Psychology and concludes with the recommendations to promote psychosocial health in the workplace as a strategy to improve public health of the population. PMID:22858772

Gil-Monte, Pedro R

2012-06-01

438

Psychoanalytic principles in psychosocial rehabilitation.  

PubMed

Major mental symptomology in schizophrenic patients is alleviated when isolation and withdrawal are replaced by improved object relationships. This can best be accomplished through the enhancement of social, emotional, and environmental support systems. Psychosocial rehabilitation, that is, the establishment of a corrective living situation for emotionally isolated individuals, is a dynamic process. Staff in psychosocial centers are presented with unusual challenges and opportunities for helping people. Freudian psychoanalytic theory helps explain the causation of major mental symptomatology in schizophrenics as well as the mechanisms for the alleviation of those symptoms. It is postulated that the basic defect is exaggerated narcissistic libido and deficient cathexis of libido onto objects, which is accompanied by dammed-up libido. Like a festering boil, the dammed-up libido continues to exert noxious and deleterious effects, ultimately by way of chemical and neuronal pathways presently not well understood. The release of the dammed-up libido through improved object relationships is accompanied by lessening symptomatology and improved functioning. Indiscriminate and prolonged utilization of psychotropic medication is antitherapeutic in that it prevents delabeling, interferes with the resocialization process, and inhibits ego growth and development. PMID:6490452

Easton, K

1984-10-01

439

Use of a classroom response system to enhance classroom interactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classroom interactivity is a critical component of teaching and learning. This paper reports on the use of a classroom response system to enhance classroom interactivity in a systems analysis and design course. The success of the project was assessed using both quantitative and qualitative data. A pretest\\/posttest design was used to examine the effects of a classroom response system on

Keng Siau; Hong Sheng; F. F.-H. Nah

2006-01-01

440

Observed Classroom Quality Profiles of Kindergarten Classrooms in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: The aim of the present study was to examine classroom quality profiles of kindergarten classrooms using a person-centered approach and to analyze these patterns in regard to teacher and classroom characteristics. Observations of the domains of Emotional Support, Classroom Organization, and Instructional Support were conducted…

Salminen, Jenni; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Pakarinen, Eija; Siekkinen, Martti; Hannikainen, Maritta; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

2012-01-01

441

Classroom Management and Students' Perceptions of Classroom Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of classroom management and the impact of classroom climate on student academic achievement has been independently documented by scholars. Less is currently know regarding the relationship linking classroom management and climate. Therefore, the purpose of this quasi experimental study was to explore the influence of classroom

Ratzburg, Susan A.

2010-01-01

442

Psychosocial correlates of internet use among Italian students.  

PubMed

Davis (2001) introduced a cognitive-behavioral theory of generalized pathological internet use (GPIU) that attempts to model the etiology, development, and outcomes associated with PIU. According to this model, pre-existing psychosocial problems (depression, loneliness, or low levels of social support) predispose an individual to GPIU cognitions, behaviors, and negative outcomes. An exploratory study intended to investigate whether GPIU is associated with psychosocial health (loneliness, depression, self-esteem, and shyness), also taking account of types of internet services used, was conducted in a sample of Italian undergraduate students. A cross-sectional and descriptive correlational design was used. The participants were 157 undergraduate students (34 male and 123 female) enrolled at The University of Florence. The results revealed a stronger correlation between the frequency of use of communicative services (as opposed to leisure or informational services) and GPIU levels. Among services, the most significant predictor of GPIU was the frequency of use of chat rooms and "adult" websites. All psychosocial health variables were correlated with GPIU, with the exception of shyness; however, general loneliness was the only significant predictor of GPIU. Depression and self-esteem were not significant predictors of GPIU. These results are consistent with the assumption that GPIU is related to the social aspect of the internet (e.g., online chatting) and arises from the unique communicative environment found online. In accordance with recent studies, social wellbeing (i.e. loneliness) seems to play a greater role than psychological health in deriving negative effects from internet use. PMID:22044272

Casale, Silvia; Fioravanti, Giulia

2011-08-01

443

Developing Partnerships within a Socio-Cultural Classroom: Changing Student and Teacher Roles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the classroom-based research carried out by a full-time mathematics teacher who monitored what was happening to his class of 13-year-old students as they were engaged in a collaborative, peer interactive classroom environment and examined how this environment influenced, and was influenced by, the students' attitude toward…

Ireland, Dennis V.; Malone, John A.

444

The Effects of Physical Environmental Factors on Students’ Perceptions in Computer Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environmental setting has a direct impact on perception, comfort, motivation, and concentration in learning environments. Accordingly, in computer classrooms, technological equipment and classroom settings can enhance psychological comfort and the learning environment. With this in mind, seemingly subtle differences in interior design\\/layout, as opposed to the larger matters of architectural design and floor-plan, were assumed to influence the perceptual

Kemal Yildirim; Aysen Capanoglu; Kubulay Cagatay

2011-01-01

445

Noise Levels in Hong Kong Primary Schools: Implications for Classroom Listening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers have stressed that the acoustic environment is crucial to the speech perception, academic performance, attention, and participation of students in classrooms. Classrooms in highly urbanised locations are especially vulnerable to noise, a major influence on the acoustic environment. The purpose of this investigation was to…

Choi, Ching Yee; McPherson, Bradley

2005-01-01

446

Noise Levels in Hong Kong Primary Schools: Implications for Classroom Listening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many researchers have stressed that the acoustic environment is crucial to the speech perception, academic performance, attention, and participation of students in classrooms. Classrooms in highly urbanised locations are especially vulnerable to noise, a major influence on the acoustic environment. The purpose of this investigation was to…

Choi, Ching Yee; McPherson, Bradley

2005-01-01

447

Managing Your Classroom for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective teachers view classroom management as a process of organizing and structuring classroom events for student learning. Creating a well-managed classroom with established procedures is the priority of a teacher the first two weeks of school. In an elementary classroom where each day may have a different array of subjects and at different…

Wong, Harry; Wong, Rosemary; Rogers, Karen; Brooks, Amanda

2012-01-01

448

Classroom Research by Classroom Teachers, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume celebrates teachers as life-long learners of the art of teaching, by presenting 21 action research studies designed and implemented by classroom teachers. A "How To Get Started" section outlines action research steps and offers worksheets. Descriptions of the research studies begin with ethnographic studies, which include "Adopt a…

Tanner, Michael, Ed.

1992-01-01

449

Promoting Academic and Social Success by Creating a Positive Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In my study I aimed to investigate how to create a classroom environment that is caring and encourages academic higher learning. Additionally, I explored how such a classroom impacts the social and academic success of students. The study is a result of the ongoing development of a learning environment during my student teaching experience. In regards to classroom environment, I

Zeman Kathleen; Leavitt

2011-01-01

450

Psychosocial Concepts in Rheumatoid Arthritis  

PubMed Central

This article reviews and tabulates some of the current concepts of the role of psychosocial factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Concepts prevalent during the 1950's are listed followed by discussion of some of the variable factors that complicate studies in this field. Studies are then cited which lead to the following conclusions: 1. Patients with RA tend to have certain personality characteristics, such as depression, rigidity, dependency, neurotic response patterns, emotional instability, feelings of guilt and low ego strength. 2. These are not specific to RA. 3. They may well be sequelae of the disease rather than pre-morbid features. 4. There is no clear evidence as to the role of psychological stress in causing or activating RA. 5. Personality factors have an influence on the course of the disease.

McGillivray, Donald C.

1973-01-01

451

Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Cognition, Academic Achievement, and Psychosocial Function in Children: A Systematic Review of Randomized Control Trials  

PubMed Central

Introduction Although the effects of aerobic physical activity (APA) on children’s physical health is well characterized, the effect of aerobic physical activity on cognition, academic achievement, and psychosocial function has not yet been established. This systematic review provides an overview of research elucidating the relationship between aerobic physical activity and children’s cognition, academic achievement, and psychosocial function. Methods A systematic review of English articles was performed in April 2013 using MEDLINE, Cochrane, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and EMBASE. Additional studies were identified through back-searching bibliographies. Only randomized control trials with an intervention of aerobic physical activity in children younger than 19 years that measured psychological, behavioral, cognitive, or academic outcomes were included. Results We found 8 relevant randomized control trials that met our inclusion criteria and extracted relevant data and evaluated the methodologic quality of the studies. Of the 8 studies identified, 2 studies were crossover randomized control trials studying the effects of acute aerobic physical activity on cognitive performance. Six studies were parallel-group randomized control studies, of which only 2 had a follow-up period of longer than 6 months. All studies showed that APA had a generally positive impact on children’s cognition and psychosocial function. However, this relationship was found to be minimal in many studies and in some measures, no significant improvement was seen at all. There was no documentation of APA having any negative impact on children’s cognition and psychosocial health, even in cases where school curriculum time was reassigned from classroom teaching to aerobic physical activity. Conclusion APA is positively associated with cognition, academic achievement, behavior, and psychosocial functioning outcomes. More rigorous trials with adequate sample sizes assessing the impact of APA on children’s cognitive abilities, psychosocial functioning, behavior, and academic achievement are needed, with standardized interventions, valid and reliable tools of measurement, and long-term follow-up for sustained cognitive and psychosocial outcomes.

Lees, Caitlin

2013-01-01

452

Correlates of Psychosocial Well-Being among Overweight Adolescents: The Role of the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An ethnically diverse sample of at-risk-for-overweight and overweight youths (body mass index greater than the 85th percentile for age and gender; n = 667 male participants, and n = 684 female participants) completed a school-based survey measuring family variables (connectedness, mealtime environment, and weight commentary), psychosocial

Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Strauss, Jaine; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Story, Mary; Boutelle, Kerri

2007-01-01

453

Psychosocial Resources in First-Year University Students: The Role of Identity Processes and Social Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigation involved the assessment of a model predicting that family and university relationship environments are linked with identity processes and identity states (statuses) that predict psychosocial resources among first-year university students. A sample of 351 university students, between the ages of 18 and 21 years, completed measures…

Adams, Gerald R.; Berzonsky, Michael D.; Keating, Leo

2006-01-01

454

Creativity in the classroom: An examination of student teacher personality and perceptions of the classroom setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separate bodies of research exist concerning the personality of creative individuals, characteristics of effective teachers and student teachers, and the significance of the classroom environment. However, relatively little attention has been directed toward specifying the nature of the relationships between these sets of variables. The present study attempts to broaden the work already done in these areas by examining how

Ilene Weinerman

1997-01-01

455

Buffering against Performance Classroom Goal Structures: The Importance of Autonomy Support and Classroom Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The culture of schooling in the United States has become increasingly focused on outwardly proving student competence. Some achievement goal theorists suggest that a major casualty of performance-oriented classroom environments may be student motivation for developing and improving competence. The present study extends across theoretical…

Ciani, Keith D.; Middleton, Michael J.; Summers, Jessica J.; Sheldon, Kennon M.

2010-01-01

456

Innovations in Classroom Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper discusses several cases of attempts to implement fundamental changes in classroom organization by local school districts. These cases were examined as part of the Rand Change Agent Study. It focuses on the problems particular to adaptive and ind...

M. W. McLaughlin

1975-01-01

457

Frontiers in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides examples of ways to use the television show "Scientific American Frontiers" in the classroom. Outlines a range of approaches and discusses some motivational techniques to engage students. (DDR)|

Coyne, Janet Smith

1998-01-01

458

Critters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of invertebrates as classroom "pets" can develop students' skills in scientific inquiry and instill respect for science. Few materials are needed for projects involving invertebrates. Suggested activities using snails, crickets, earthworms, crayfish, and guppies are offered. (DF)|

Smith, Robert W.; Fleisher, Paul

1984-01-01

459

Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information on various classroom assessment techniques (CATs) such as primary trait analysis, using anonymous assessments, goal ranking and matching, self assessment, active learning, transfer and applied learning, and group work assessment.

2010-06-25

460

Toys in The Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of chemical concepts can be easily illustrated in a more friendly way to children by using toys as teaching tools in the classroom. Some of the examples illustrated are shrinking toys, drinking birds and hand boiler.

Sarquis, Jerry L.; Sarquis, Arlyne M.

2005-01-01

461

Craters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Details an activity in which students create and study miniature impact craters in the classroom. Engages students in making detailed, meaningful observations, drawing inferences, reaching conclusions based on scientific evidence, and designing experiments to test selected variables. (DDR)|

McArdle, Heather K.

1997-01-01

462

Natural Resources: Outdoor Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An outdoor classroom is the ideal vehicle for community involvement: Parents, native plant societies, 4-H, garden clubs, and master naturalists are all resources waiting to be tapped, as are local businesses offering support. If you enlist your community

Mayes, Valynda

2010-02-01

463

Data for the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Data for the Classroom collection gathers datasets that have accompanying instructional materials or other pertinent information for using the dataset in a classroom setting for grades K-16. The data may be numerical, visual, maps, charts, tables or images. The data may be observational, remotely sensed or model data. The primary component is that there are materials supporting the use and understanding of the data either by educators or directly by students. Additionally, the dataset itself is desribed.

464

Build a Positive Classroom Environment: Avoid Competition!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Elementary teachers often instigate competition among their students through such common statements as: "Students who make 100 on the spelling test may have 10 minutes of extra center time" and "The most creatively written story this week will be placed on the bulletin board." While such pronouncements motivate some students into action, they…

Self, Nancy S.

2009-01-01

465

Research into the environment of science laboratory classes in australian schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Existing instruments for assessing student or teacher perceptions of characteristics of actual or preferred classroom psychosocial environment are unsuitable for one of the most important settings in science teaching, namely, the science laboratory class. Consequently, the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI), was designed to assess student or teacher perceptions of seven scales: Teacher Supportiveness, Student Cohesiveness, Open-Endedness, Integration, Organization, Rule Clarity and Material Environment. An important feature of the design of the study was that the new instrument was field tested simultaneously in six countries: Australia, USA, Canada, England, Nigeria and Israel. This paper is based on a sample of 4643 students in 225 individual laboratory classes, together with the teachers of most of these classes. Preliminary analyses were used to shed light on various important research questions including the differences between Actual and Preferred environments, gender differences in perceptions of Actual and Preferred environment, the relationship between the science laboratory environment and attitude towards science laboratory work, differences between school and university laboratory classes, differences between teachers’ and students’ perceptions of the same laboratory classes, and differences between laboratory classes in different science subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Biology).

McRobbie, Campbell J.; Giddings, Geoffrey J.; Fraser, Barry J.

1990-01-01

466

Classroom acoustics IV: Speech perception of normal-hearing and hearing-impaired children in classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation examined the speech-perception abilities of children with norrnrd hearing and children with heting impairment in various classroom environments. Speech perception was assessed at different teacher-student dis(ances via nonsense syllables, monosyllabic words, and sentences. The acoustical environments varied as a function of reverberation time, early reverberation time, early to late energy ratios, loudness (or relative strength), speech transmission

Carl C. Crandell; Gary W. Siebein; Martin A. Gold; Mary Jo Hasell; Philip Abbott; Mitchell Lehde; Hee Won Lee

1998-01-01

467

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources, and educational resources for the classroom.

2007-07-16

468

Military Families: Psychosocial Adaptation to Pregnancy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was twofold: (1) to prospectively examine the influence of military separations and perceived social support on maternal psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy, and (2) to determine the influence of first and second trimester family...

K. Weiss

2005-01-01

469

Relationship of Ego Identity to Psychosocial Effectiveness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to examine systematically the relationship of Erikson's concept of ego identity to psychosocial effectiveness as actually demonstrated in daily living. Two groups of Navy recruits, one composed of individuals making a highly adequa...

J. E. Rasmussen

1964-01-01

470

Update on … psychosocial dimensions of oncology care.  

PubMed

The focus of this column is to present topics of interest from a variety of journals to Oncology Nursing Forum readers. The topic of this issue is psychosocial dimensions of oncology care. PMID:24161641

Behrend, Susan Weiss

2013-11-01

471

The psychosocial impact of pediatric heart transplantation.  

PubMed

Children with terminal heart disease experience a dramatic improvement in functional status after heart transplantation but may be at increased risk for problems in psychosocial adaptation. Selected psychosocial outcomes were assessed in 49 pediatric heart transplant recipients and their families from five heart transplantation centers. Heart transplant recipients did not appear significantly different from their peers on self-report measures of self-concept and anxiety, but they showed significantly less social competence and more behavior problems than a normative population. Behavior problems observed were most frequently suggestive of depression and were significantly associated with greater family stress and diminished family resources for managing stress. The study findings further suggest that the heart transplant recipients' ability to verbalize or ventilate their feelings and concerns to others seems to facilitate psychosocial adaptation. Assessment of stress, resources, and coping is imperative to enable health professionals to promote the psychosocial adaptation of pediatric heart transplant recipients and their families. PMID:1457441

Uzark, K C; Sauer, S N; Lawrence, K S; Miller, J; Addonizio, L; Crowley, D C

472

Psychosocial Functioning of Mothers of Malnourished Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between infant malnutrition and maternal psychosocial behavior was explored by comparing mothers of malnourished children with mothers whose children were matched for age and family income but were not malnourished. Journal availability: see EC 111 045. (Author)

Kerr, Mary Ann D.; And Others

1978-01-01

473

Evaluating Psychosocial Rehabilitation Programs: What Next.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project developed a monograph that synthesized relevant information from the literature and past NIMH studies on evaluating psychosocial rehabilitation services. The monograph also presents guidelines that a local program could use to develop an evalu...

V. J. Bradley V. Mulkern M. N. White J. W. Ashbaugh

1987-01-01

474

Psychosocial Research on the International Space Station: Special Privacy Considerations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conducting psychosocial research with astronauts and cosmonauts requires special privacy and confidentiality precautions due to the high profile nature of the subject population and to individual crewmember perception of the risks inherent in divulging sensitive psychological information. Sampling from this small population necessitates subject protections above and beyond standard scientific human subject protocols. Many of these protections have relevance for psychosocial research on the International Space Station. In our previous study of psychosocial issues involving crewmembers on the Mir space station, special precautions were taken during each phase of the missions. These were implemented in order to gain the trust necessary to ameliorate the perceived risks of divulging potentially sensitive psychological information and to encourage candid responses. Pre-flight, a standard confidentiality agreement was provided along with a special layman's summary indicating that only group-level data would be presented, and subjects chose their own ID codes known only to themselves. In-flight, special procedures and technologies (such as encryption) were employed to protect the data during the collection. Post-flight, an analytic strategy was chosen to further mask subject identifiers, and draft manuscripts were reviewed by the astronaut office prior to publication. All of the eligible five astronauts and eight cosmonauts who flew joint US/Russian missions on the Mir were successfully recruited to participate, and their data completion rate was 76%. Descriptive analyses of the data indicated that there was sufficient variability in all of the measures to indicate that thoughtful, discriminating responses were being provided (e.g., the full range of response options was used in 63 of the 65 items of the Profile of Mood States measure, and both true and false response options were used in all 126 items of the Group Environment and the Work Environment measures). This presentation will discuss and expand on the lessons learned during the Mir study and relate them to future long-duration space missions.

Kanas, N.; Salnitskiy, V.; Ritsher, J.; Grund, E.; Weiss, D.; Gushin, V.; Kozerenko, O.

475

Orchestrating Learning in a One-to-One Technology Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

One-to-one technology classrooms equip each child with a computing device that provides personalised learning tools. They offer promising environments to support individual and small group learning through the affordances of handheld devices such as portability, low cost and wireless communication features. However, there are management problems in the technology-enabled classroom, for instance, lack of support for scaffolding collaborative and whole

Jitti Niramitranon; Mike Sharples; Chris Greenhalgh; Chiu-Pin Lin

2010-01-01

476

Psychosocial Treatment of Oppositional Defiant Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To review and describe empirical outcome studies on the psychosocial treatment of children and adolescents meeting the criteria for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD).Method:To locate these treatment outcome studies, an extensive review of the literature using the PsycINFO database was conducted. Results:Psychosocial treatments designed solely for youth meeting the criteria for ODD are rare. Rather, it seems that most of the

Abby Sprague; Bruce A. Thyer

2003-01-01

477

Indoor air quality: A psychosocial perspective  

SciTech Connect

The incidence of indoor air quality problems has increased dramatically over the past decade. Investigation of these problems has yielded a definitive cause in only one third of the cases. Psychosocial factors may play a key role in the development and propagation of symptoms attributed to poor indoor air quality. Guidelines for managing indoor air quality problems from the organizational perspective are based upon psychosocial principles and elements of risk perception.

Boxer, P.A. (Metropolitan Clinic of Counseling of Ohio, Inc, Cincinnati (USA))

1990-05-01

478

Psychosocial stress and the insulin resistance syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the association between psychosocial stress-related variables and insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) risk-factor clustering. In 90 middle-aged male volunteers, psychosocial stress-related variables, defined as feelings of excessive tiredness and as personality and behavioral factors reflecting a stress-inducing life-style (type A behavior, hostility, and anger), were significantly correlated with the hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension, increased abdominal obesity, and increased plasminogen

Katri Räikkönen; Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen; Herman Adlercreutz; Aarno Hautanen

1996-01-01

479

Teaching the psychosocial aspects of care in the clinical setting: practical recommendations.  

PubMed

Communication skills and the psychosocial dimensions of patient care are increasingly taught in medical schools and generalist residency programs. Evidence suggests they are not reinforced or optimally implemented in clinical training. The authors present the product of an iterative process that was part of a national faculty development program and involved both experts and generalist teachers concerning teaching psychosocial medicine while precepting medical students and residents in clinical settings. Using scientific evidence, educational theory, and experience, the authors developed recommendations, presented them in workshops, and revised them based on input from other experts and teachers, who gave feedback and added suggestions. The results are practical, expert consensus recommendations for clinical preceptors on how to teach and reinforce learning in this area. General skills to use in preparing the trainee for improved psychosocial care are organized into the mnemonic "CAARE MORE": Connect personally with the trainee; Ask psychosocial questions and Assess the trainee's knowledge/attitudes/skills/behaviors; Role model desired attitudes/skills/behaviors; create a safe, supportive, enjoyable learning Environment; formulate specific Management strategies regarding psychosocial issues; Observe the trainee's affect and behavior; Reflect and provide feedback on doctor-patient and preceptor-trainee interactions; and provide Educational resources and best Evidence. The preceptor-trainee teaching skills that are recommended parallel good doctor-patient interaction skills. They can be used during both preceptor-trainee and preceptor-trainee-patient encounters. Important common psychosocial situations that need to be managed in patients include substance abuse, depression, anxiety, somatoform disorder, physical and sexual abuse, and posttraumatic stress disorder. For these problems, where high-level evidence exists, specific psychosocial questions for screening and case finding are provided. PMID:15618086

Kern, David E; Branch, William T; Jackson, Jeffrey L; Brady, Donald W; Feldman, Mitchell D; Levinson, Wendy; Lipkin, Mack

2005-01-01

480

Authentic Learning and Teaching in the Infant Day Care Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children today are entering day care at younger ages than earlier generations, prompting concern at the differences between day care and home environments. This paper considers the infant classroom in a day care setting, discussing methods of teaching and learning designed to promote authentic learning in a natural educational environment.…

Howell, Christie; Long, Grace

481

MUTUAL AID IN THE CLASSROOM: AN INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to examine the use of instructional technology in creating a mutual aid environment in the classroom. By developing and exploring Internet-based exercises designed to promote interaction in a distance education environment, the authors tested the hypothesis that instructional technology offers opportunities to promote mutual aid among students. This article describes these exercises and presents

Karen A. Randolph; Denise J. Krause

2002-01-01

482

Primary Preschool Experiences with Computers in the Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some experiences of learning with computers in a preschool setting. The MEDEA framework (a Spanish acronym of Methodology and Tools for the Development of Intelligent Environments of Teaching and Learning) is used to define the activities and construct the user models. The result is an environment that has been installed in the classroom as a new resource

Mónica Trella; Beatriz Barros; Ricardo Conejo

2008-01-01

483

Research and Development of Web-Based Virtual Online Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To build a web-based virtual learning environment depends on information technologies, concerns technology supporting learning methods and theories. A web-based virtual online classroom is designed and developed based on learning theories and streaming media technologies. And it is composed of two parts: instructional communicating environment

Yang, Zongkai; Liu, Qingtang

2007-01-01

484

Further Fostering Intrinsic Motivation in the Montessori Elementary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montessori classroom appears to be the ideal learning environment for children throughout elementary and middle school. It is based on the philosophy of Dr. Maria Montessori which describes an environment tailored to the Sensitive Periods of children, prepared with materials appropriate for the age and abilities of the children in a particular…

Fitch, Victoria A.

2013-01-01

485

An Examination of the Applications of Constitutional Concepts as an Approach to Classroom Management: Four Studies of Judicious Discipline in Various Classroom Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a composite of four separate research studies conducted to assess the impact of constitutional language on classroom environments. The studies were designed to examine the uses of "Judicious Discipline" in a variety of classrooms and how the use of a common language based on rights and responsibilities affected the behavior of…

McEwan, Barbara; Gathercoal, Paul; Nimmo, Virginia

486

Creating Learning Environments that Invite All Students to Learn through Multicultural Literature and Information Technology: The Intermingling of Cultures, Religions, and Languages across the United States Enriches Classrooms, while Presenting New Challenges to Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following article describes how Mrs. Mansfield (Mary), Ms. Bortz (Elaine), and the author combined their talents in order to promote students' literacy learning through the integration of multicultural literature and information technology with a reading/writing curriculum. The students in Mary's and Elaine's classrooms, who come from diverse…

Moore-Hart, Peggy

2004-01-01

487

Supporting Authentic Learning Contexts Beyond Classroom Walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the classroom level, contexts for learning are often limited in the experiential component. Teachers and trainers feel\\u000a overwhelmed by the difficulty of inventing authentic learning\\u000a contexts, and creating tasks that truly reflect the way knowledge would be used in the real world (Herrington et al. 2004).\\u000a However, there are growing numbers of examples of how such authentic learning environments

Jan Herrington; Marcus Specht; Gwyn Brickell; Barry Harper

2009-01-01

488

Psychosocial considerations for mass decontamination.  

PubMed

Mass exposure to explosions, infectious agents, foodborne illnesses, chemicals or radiological materials may require mass decontamination that have critical psychosocial implications for the public and for both traditional and non-traditional responders in terms of impact and of response. Five main issues are common to mass decontamination events: (i) perception, (ii) somatisation, (iii) media role and communication, (iv) information sharing, (v) behavioural guidance and (vi) organisational issues. Empirical evidence is drawn from a number of cases, including Chernobyl; Goiania, Brazil; the sarin gas attack in Tokyo; the anthrax attacks in the USA; Three Mile Island; and by features of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome pandemic. In this paper, a common platform for mass casualty management is explored and suggestions for mass interventions are proposed across the complete event timeline, from pre-event threat and warning stages through to the impact and reconstruction phases. Implication for responders, healthcare and emergency infrastructure, public behaviour, screening processes, risk communication and media management are described. PMID:20924122

Lemyre, Louise; Johnson, Colleen; Corneil, Wayne

2010-10-05

489

Psychosocial aspects of surrogate motherhood.  

PubMed

This review addresses the psychosocial research carried out on surrogacy triads (surrogate mothers, commissioning mothers and offspring) and shows that research has focused on a number of specific issues: attachment and disclosure to surrogate offspring; experiences, characteristics and motivations of surrogate mothers; and changes in profiles of the commissioning/intended mothers. Virtually all studies have used highly selected samples making generalizations difficult. There have been a notable lack of theory, no interventions and only a handful of longitudinal studies or studies comparing different populations. Few studies have specifically questioned the meaning of and need for a family or the influence and impact that professionals, treatment availability and financial factors have on the choices made for surrogate and intended mothers. Societal attitudes have changed somewhat; however, according to public opinion, women giving up babies still fall outside the acceptable remit. Surrogate and intended mothers appear to reconcile their unusual choice through a process of cognitive restructuring, and the success or failure of this cognitive appraisal affects people's willingness to be open and honest about their choices. Normal population surveys, on the contrary, are less accepting of third party reproduction; they have no personal need to reconsider and hence maintain their original normative cognitively consonant state. PMID:16936307

van den Akker, Olga B A

2006-08-26

490

Psychosocial aspects of induced abortion.  

PubMed

US anti-abortion groups have used misinformation on the long-term psychological impact of induced abortion to advance their position. This article reviews the available research evidence on the definition, history, cultural context, and emotional and psychiatric sequelae of induced abortion. Notable has been a confusion of normative, transient reactions to unintended pregnancy and abortion (e.g., guilt, depression, anxiety) with serious mental disorders. Studies of the psychiatric aspects of abortion have been limited by methodological problems such as the impossibility of randomly assigning women to study and control groups, resistance to follow-up, and confounding variables. Among the factors that may impact on an unintended pregnancy and the decision to abort are ongoing or past psychiatric illness, poverty, social chaos, youth and immaturity, abandonment issues, ongoing domestic responsibilities, rape and incest, domestic violence, religion, and contraceptive failure. Among the risk factors for postabortion psychosocial difficulties are previous or concurrent psychiatric illness, coercion to abort, genetic or medical indications, lack of social supports, ambivalence, and increasing length of gestation. Overall, the literature indicates that serious psychiatric illness is at least 8 times more common among postpartum than among postabortion women. Abortion center staff should acknowledge that the termination of a pregnancy may be experienced as a loss even when it is a voluntary choice. Referrals should be offered to women who show great emotional distress, have had several previous abortions, or request psychiatric consultation. PMID:9328746

Stotland, N L

1997-09-01

491

Psychosocial stress and asthma morbidity  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review The objective of this review is to provide an overview and discussion of recent epidemiologic and mechanistic studies of stress in relation to asthma incidence and morbidity. Recent findings Recent findings suggest that stress, whether at the individual- (i.e., epigenetics, perceived stress), family- (i.e., prenatal maternal stress, early life exposure or intimate partner violence) or community- (i.e.., neighborhood violence; neighborhood disadvantage) level influences asthma and asthma morbidity. Key recent findings regarding how psychosocial stress may influence asthma through Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), pre-and post-natal maternal/caregiver stress, and community violence and deprivation are highlighted. Summary New research illustrates the need to further examine, characterize and address the influence of social and environmental factors (i.e., psychological stress) on asthma. Further research and innovative methodologies are needed to characterize the relationship and pathways associated with stress at multiple levels to more fully understand and address asthma morbidity, and to design potential interventions, especially to address persistent disparities in asthma in ethnic minorities and economically disadvantaged communities.

Yonas, Michael A.; Lange, Nancy E.; Celedon, Juan C.

2012-01-01

492

Female circumcision in Somalia: some psychosocial aspects.  

PubMed

This article on female circumcision begins with a brief review of literature, and goes on to discuss the results of an extensive field investigation on female circumcision conducted in Somalia, resulting in an analysis of the psychosocial aspects connected with the practice. The attitudes of women towards the practice, their opinions regarding the maintenance of the practice in the country, and their expectations as to their daughter's circumcision were examined. The study population contained 2947 subjects, including 1410 married women, mostly mothers, 19.4% of which were illiterate, 20.3% with primary education. The average age was 25.8 years +or- 16.30. The results reveal: 1) The positive attitudes of the study population towards the custom. This approval shows no special relationship with ethnic group, rural or urban residence, or custom regarding mode of circumcision (infibulation, sunna, or clitoridectomia). It finds support in the ignorance of the negative aspects of the practice and the relative value granted to the positive ones. Most of the consequences become evident only several years after the operation; as a result the connection between cause and effects is not made by all of the women. 2) An average of 4 out of 5 women believe that circumcision should be continued and only 1 in 5 declared that it should be abandoned; whatever the age group ethnic group, or education group to which the women belong. 3) The interviewed subjects were generally in favor of the attenuated type of circumcision for their daughters. Few mothers (5%) in modern Somalia accept the idea of not submitting their daughters to traditional customs. In fact, many factors related to the whole family and social environment, not only the mother's wishes, condition the decision regarding the girl's circumcision. PMID:12267533

Gallo, P G

493

Teachers' Practical Knowledge about Classroom Management in Multicultural Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a positive working atmosphere in the classroom is the first concern of many student and beginning teachers in secondary education. Teaching in multicultural classrooms provides additional challenges for these teachers. This study identified shared practical knowledge about classroom management strategies of teachers who were successful in…

van Tartwijk, Jan; den Brok, Perry; Veldman, Ietje; Wubbels, Theo

2009-01-01

494

Classroom Management: Setting Up the Classroom for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student learning is directly related to classroom control established the first week of school (Wong and Wong 2001)--what you do the first day counts, and what you do the first 10 minutes counts even more. This article shares the advanced planning aspects of classroom management that should be in place before students enter the classroom for the…

Sterling, Donna R.

2009-01-01

495

Sedimentary Environments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed for students to learn about sedimentary environments. Students will learn about grain size, shape, and arrangement and how it relates to deciphering sedimentary environments. Students are given a sediment sample to analyze. They first examine the sample under the microscope and then will use sieves to separate the sediments into size classes. They will also take time to compare their sample versus another group's sample in the classroom. They will also have an opportunity to look at rock specimens representing sedimentary structures including mud cracks, cross bedding, and ripple marks. In the end, students should gain some skills at using basic observations and data collection to interpret the original depositional environment.

Dawson, John

496

The Dirt on Outdoor Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains the planning procedure for outdoor classrooms and introduces an integrated unit on monarch butterflies called the Monarch Watch program. Makes recommendations to solve financial problems of outdoor classrooms. (YDS)|

Rich, Steve

2000-01-01

497

Integrating psychosocial care into cancer services.  

PubMed

Despite substantial evidence that patients with cancer commonly have significant psychosocial problems, for which we have evidence-based treatments, many patients still do not receive adequate psychosocial care. This means that we risk prolonging life without adequately addressing the quality of that life. There are many challenges to improving the current situation, the major one of which is organizational. Many cancer centers lack a system of psychosocial care that is integrated with the cancer care of the patient. Psychosocial care encompasses a range of problems (emotional, social, palliative, and logistical). The integration must occur with the cancer care of the patient at all stages (from screening to palliative care) and across all clinical sites of care (inpatient and outpatient cancer services as well as primary care). In this article, we consider the challenges we face if we are to provide such integrated psychosocial services. We focus on the collaborative care service model. This model comprises systematic identification of need, integrated delivery of care by care managers, appropriate specialist supervision, and the stepping of care based on systematic measurement of outcomes. Several trials of this approach to the management of depression in patients with cancer have found it to be both feasible to deliver and effective. It provides a model for services to meet other psychosocial needs. We conclude by proposing the key components of an integrated psychosocial service that could be implemented now and by considering what we need to do next if we are to succeed in providing better and more comprehensive care to our patients. PMID:22412139

Fann, Jesse R; Ell, Kathleen; Sharpe, Michael

2012-03-12

498

Comparison of Students' Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Factors in Different Classroom Types in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Effective classroom learning requires a good learning environment integrated with quality teaching, quality course content,\\u000a and a collaborative approach towards learning. This study sets out to examine the drivers of student satisfaction and dissatisfaction\\u000a in the three classroom settings common to higher education: face-to-face, Web-based, and blended classrooms. The Critical\\u000a Incident Technique was used to collect data and to form

Fong-Ling Fu

2010-01-01

499

Managing Inquiry-Based Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Though it may seem that classroom management comes naturally to some teachers, upon closer examination youâll probably discover that preparation and adaptation are more important than any innate ability when it comes to successful classroom management. Any experienced middle school science teacher can tell you that successful classroom management is an ongoing, evolving processâteachers need to modify their daily practices based on the observed behaviors and feedback of their students. This article describes some strategies to manage inquiry-based science classrooms effectively.

Wolfgang, Christie N.

2009-07-01

500

Managing Inquiry-Based Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though it may seem that classroom management comes naturally to some teachers, upon closer examination you'll probably discover that preparation and adaptation are more important than any innate ability when it comes to successful classroom management. Any experienced middle school science teacher can tell you that successful classroom management…

Wolfgang, Christie Nicole

2009-01-01