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1

Effects of Classroom Psychosocial Environment on Student Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between the classroom psychosocial environment and students' academic achievement and attitudes was investigated in seventh-grade science classrooms using the My Class Inventory (MCI) to measure the classroom environment. Correlation analyses revealed significant relationships between learning outcomes and perceptions on the MCI.…

Fraser, B.J.; Fisher, D.L.

1982-01-01

2

Physical and Psychosocial Environments Associated with Networked Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of the learning environments in computer networked classrooms. The study is unique in that it involved an evaluation of both the physical and psychosocial classroom environments in these computerised settings through the use of a combination of questionnaires and ergonomic evaluations. The study involved administering…

Zandvliet, David B.; Fraser, Barry J.

2005-01-01

3

Assessing and Improving the Psychosocial Environment of Mathematics Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and validation of a short form of the My Class Inventory (MCI) assessing classroom psychosocial environment. Reports a case study involving the use of the short form of MCI in attempts to improve a sixth-grade mathematics class. Provides all 25 items of the short version of MCI. (YP)

Fraser, Barry J.; And Others

1989-01-01

4

Gender effects for student perception of the classroom psychosocial environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A future shortage of science teachers has been predicted, and since women are presently underrepresented in the sciences, they are a good potential source for future science teachers. Unfortunately women appear to become less interested in science as they continue in school. Because the classroom psychosocial environment has been shown to be related to learning outcomes, it may contribute to women's lack of interest in sciences. This study compared the classroom environments perceived by fourth grade, seventh grade and high school boys and girls in classes taught by males and females to determine if any perceptual differences existed. The three, two factor MANOVAS (teacher gender by student gender) showed no differences for fourth grade students, one for seventh grade students and three for high school students. The seventh grade boys and girls perceived classes taught by females as having more friction than classes taught by males and high school boys and girls perceived classes taught by females as being more difficult than classes taught by males. Further, for the high school students it appears that classes are perceived more favorably when the opposite genders are combined. These perceptual differences combined with role modeling may contribute to the lack of women in science. More research is necessary to determine causal relationships.

Lawrenz, Frances

5

A study of Indonesian students' perceptions of classroom psychosocial environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive research conducted in developed countries has established classroom learning environment as a thriving field of study. The present investigation makes a contribution to classroom environment research in that it involved the translation into Indonesian of scales previously available only in English, and the subsequent validation and use of these translated scales among Indonesian students. The new Indonesian instrument consists of nine seven-item scales based upon the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire and the Classroom Environment Scale. Analyses of data collected from a sample of 373 Indonesian students from nine schools supported the new instrument's internal consistency, discriminant validity, ability to differentiate between classrooms, and predictive validity (i.e. ability to predict student outcomes). Potential applications of the new instruments in Indonesian classrooms are suggested.

Fraser, Barry J.; Pearse, Richard; Azmi

1982-09-01

6

Using Short Forms of Several Classroom Environment Scales to Assess and Improve Classroom Psychosocial Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economical, short forms of three measures were developed to facilitate science teachers' use of classroom climate assessments. The Classroom Environment Scale (CES) is a 24-item measure requiring a true or false response for each item. The My Class Inventory (MCI) is a 25-item measure requiring a yes or no response for each item. The…

Fisher, Darrell L.; Fraser, Barry J.

7

Assessment of the psychosocial environment of university science laboratory classrooms: a cross-national study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong tradition in educational research has involved several widely-used instruments assessing student or teacher perceptions of characteristics of actual or preferred classroom psychosocial environment. Existing instruments, however, are unsuitable for one of the most important settings in science teaching, namely, the science laboratory class. Consequently, the present research aimed to develop and validate a new instrument, the Science Laboratory

Barry J. Fraser; Geoffrey J. Giddings; Campbell J. McRobbie

1992-01-01

8

Using short forms of classroom climate instruments to assess and improve classroom psychosocial environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite international interest in research in the area of classroom environment, very little attention has been given to exploring how science teachers might apply ideas from the field of classroom environment in guiding practical improvements in science classrooms. In order to facilitate science teachers' use of classroom climate assessments, we developed economical short forms of the Classroom Environment Scale (CES), Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ), and My Class Inventory (MCI) which contain only approximately 25 items each and which are amenable to easy hand scoring. When each instrument was administered to a large sample of science classes, results supported each scale's internal consistency reliability, discriminant validity, and ability to differentiate between the perceptions of students in different classrooms. The methods for improving classrooms are illustrated by reporting some case studies of change attempts. For example, when the CES was used in an attempt to improve the environment of a ninth grade science class, the steps followed were, first, assessment of actual and preferred classroom environment in order to identify discrepancies between actual and preferred environment and, second, introducing interventions aimed at reducing these discrepancies. The interesting finding was that significant improvements occurred for the two dimensions on which change had been attempted.

Fraser, Barry J.; Fisher, Darrell L.

9

Psychosocial Environment and Affective Outcomes in Technology-Rich Classrooms: Testing a Causal Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research investigated classroom environment antecedent variables and student affective outcomes in Australian high schools. The Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was used to assess 10 classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, investigation, task orientation,…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; Fraser, Barry J.

2009-01-01

10

Associations between Psychosocial Environment and Outcomes in Technology-Rich Classrooms in Australian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated associations between classroom environment and student affective outcomes in Australian secondary schools. The Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was used to assess 10 classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, investigation, task…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.

2009-01-01

11

Psychosocial environment and affective outcomes in technology-rich classrooms: testing a causal model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research investigated classroom environment antecedent variables and student affective outcomes in Australian high schools.\\u000a The Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was used to assess 10 classroom environment\\u000a dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, investigation, task orientation, cooperation, equity, differentiation,\\u000a computer usage and young adult ethos. A sample of 4,146 high school students from Western Australia and Tasmania responded\\u000a to

Jeffrey P. Dorman; Barry J. Fraser

2009-01-01

12

Influence of Psychosocial Classroom Environment on Students' Motivation and Self-Regulation in Science Learning: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary aim of this study was two-fold: 1) to identify salient psychosocial features of the classroom environment that influence students' motivation and self-regulation in science learning; and 2) to examine the effect of the motivational constructs of learning goal orientation, science task value and self-efficacy in science learning on students' self-regulation in science classrooms. Data collected from 1360 science students in grades 8, 9 and 10 in five public schools in Perth, Western Australia were utilized to validate the questionnaires and to investigate the hypothesized relationships. Structural Equation Modeling analysis suggested that student cohesiveness, investigation and task orientation were the most influential predictors of student motivation and self-regulation in science learning. In addition, learning goal orientation, task value and self-efficacy significantly influenced students' self-regulation in science. The findings offer potential opportunities for educators to plan and implement effective pedagogical strategies aimed at increasing students' motivation and self-regulation in science learning.

Velayutham, Sunitadevi; Aldridge, Jill M.

2013-04-01

13

Relationship Between School and Classroom Environment and Teacher Burnout: A LISREL Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted on the relationship between school and classroom psychosocial environment and perceptions of burnout in teachers who staff Queensland private schools. A sample of 246 teachers responded to scales that assess seven school environment and seven classroom environment dimensions and the three facets of burnout measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment. Preliminary

Jeffrey P. Dorman

2003-01-01

14

Creating a Fair Classroom Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reduce your students' first day jitters by implementing these specific classroom management suggestions that are designed to reduce student anxiety and create a fair environment. These strategies will effectively help all students to participate and feel more at ease, and simultaneously help them to perceive you as a teacher who listens to their ideas and encourages thinking rather than as an unjust autocrat.

Hand, Richard

2004-09-01

15

Assessing the Classroom Environment of the Virtual Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study was conducted in order to determine whether a virtual classroom can be assessed, and whether it can be done using already proven techniques for classroom environment assessment. Study participants were 20 graduate students in education enrolled in three different courses offered at a distance via the World Wide Web. Each of the…

Powers, Susan M.; Davis, Michaeleen; Torrence, Eileen

16

Creating a Conducive Classroom Environment: Classroom Management Is the Key  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a classroom environment which is conducive to learning is one of the most important things a teacher can do. This becomes even more crucial as students enter classrooms with their cell phones, pagers, and beepers. Additionally, many students are tardy for class, leave early, or may not appear in class on numerous occasions. Therefore,…

Findley, Bev; Varble, Dale

2006-01-01

17

Classroom Management in the Online Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper ,explores ,the ,role of classroom ,management ,in the ,online ,learning environment,of a,community,college history course. It is posed,that despite the unique nature of the online learning environment, many ofthe same features that are essential to the success ,of a ,traditional classroom ,management ,plan ,also ,apply ,in the ,online classroom. However, the instructor must be aware of potential stumbling

Daniel P. Stewart

18

Positive Classroom Environments = Positive Academic Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the effects of a positive classroom environment and its impact on student behavior and achievement. It also provides strategies for developing expectations for student achievement and the importance of parental involvement. A positive classroom environment is essential in keeping behavior problems to a minimum. There are a…

Wilson-Fleming, LaTerra; Wilson-Younger, Dylinda

2012-01-01

19

Communication Technologies and the Classroom Teaching Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors consider the present and future of new media and the classroom environment of pupils in primary education. Some experts are inclined to see the future of the classroom teaching environment solely through the perspective of new media, primarily computers and the Internet. The authors agree that these media are essential for modern…

Matijevic, Milan; Radovanovic, Diana

2007-01-01

20

Psychosocial work environment and antidepressant medication: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Adverse psychosocial work environments may lead to impaired mental health, but it is still a matter of conjecture if demonstrated associations are causal or biased. We aimed at verifying whether poor psychosocial working climate is related to increase of redeemed subscription of antidepressant medication. Methods Information on all antidepressant drugs (AD) purchased at pharmacies from 1995 through 2006 was obtained for a cohort of 21,129 Danish public service workers that participated in work climate surveys carried out during the period 2002–2005. Individual self-reports of psychosocial factors at work including satisfaction with the work climate and dimensions of the job strain model were obtained by self-administered questionnaires (response rate 77,2%). Each employee was assigned the average score value for all employees at his/her managerial work unit [1094 units with an average of 18 employees (range 3–120)]. The risk of first-time AD prescription during follow-up was examined according to level of satisfaction and psychosocial strain by Cox regression with adjustment for gender, age, marital status, occupational status and calendar year of the survey. Results The proportion of employees that received at least one prescription of ADs from 1995 through 2006 was 11.9% and prescriptions rose steadily from 1.50% in 1996 to the highest level 6.47% in 2006. ADs were prescribed more frequent among women, middle aged, employees with low occupational status and those living alone. None of the measured psychosocial work environment factors were consistently related to prescription of antidepressant drugs during the follow-up period. Conclusion The study does not indicate that a poor psychosocial work environment among public service employees is related to prescription of antidepressant pharmaceuticals. These findings need cautious interpretation because of lacking individual exposure assessments. PMID:19635130

Bonde, Jens Peter E; Munch-Hansen, Torsten; Wieclaw, Joanna; Westergaard-Nielsen, Niels; Agerbo, Esben

2009-01-01

21

Student control ideology and the science classroom environment in urban secondary schools of sudan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An examination was made concerning the relationships between Sudanese secondary science teachers' pupil control ideology and their students' perceptions/observations of the psychosocial environment of their science classrooms. One hundred secondary science teachers were classified as possessing humanistic (N = 20) or custodial (N = 20) control ideologies. A class (N = 40) of students was randomly selected for every teacher in both groups. The findings revealed that no significant relationships existed between the control ideologies of the teachers and their students' perceptions/observations of the classroom environment. Custodialism in control ideology was significantly related to the classroom environment psychosocial aspect of low support. Discussion and implications of the findings have been approached from both Sudanese and American perspectives.

Harty, Harold; Hassan, Hassan A.

22

Psychosocial Factors of the Literacy Classroom. A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the behavioral issues associated with homelessness and marginal lifestyles. It describes classroom techniques that may be used to develop self-directed learning readiness as a tool for mitigating the psychological problems associated with the causes and outcomes of marginal living and homelessness. Discussed first are 26 issues…

Matuszowicz, Peter F.

23

Mapping the Classroom Emotional Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvey and Evans (2003) have proposed that teachers' emotional skills, as required in the classroom, can be organized into a five-dimensional model. Further research is necessary to validate this model and evaluate the importance of each dimension of teacher emotion competence for educational practice. Using a statistical method for mapping…

Harvey, Shane T.; Bimler, David; Evans, Ian M.; Kirkland, John; Pechtel, Pia

2012-01-01

24

Social environment of junior high and high school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on the development of a Classroom Environment Scale (CES), a 90-item perceived environment scale that assesses 9 dimensions (e.g., student involvement, competition) of the classroom. Intercorrelations among the subscales indicate that the CES measures distinct, though moderately correlated, aspects of the classroom environment. Each of the subscales significantly discriminated among 38 classrooms in a standardization sample, and internal consistency

Edison J. Trickett; Rudolph H. Moos

1973-01-01

25

Acoustics and psychosocial environment in intensive coronary care  

PubMed Central

Aims: To examine the influence of different acoustic conditions on the work environment and the staff in a coronary critical care unit (CCU). Method: Psychosocial work environment data from start and end of each individual shift were obtained from three shifts (morning, afternoon, and night) for a one-week baseline period and for two four-week periods during which either sound reflecting or sound absorbing tiles were installed. Results: Reverberation times and speech intelligibility improved during the study period when the ceiling tiles were changed from sound reflecting tiles to sound absorbing ones of identical appearance. Improved acoustics positively affected the work environment; the afternoon shift staff experienced significantly lower work demands and reported less pressure and strain. Conclusions: Important gains in the psychosocial work environment of healthcare can be achieved by improving room acoustics. The study points to the importance of further research on possible effects of acoustics in healthcare on staff turnover, quality of patient care, and medical errors. PMID:15723873

Blomkvist, V; Eriksen, C; Theorell, T; Ulrich, R; Rasmanis, G

2005-01-01

26

Psychosocial work environment and mental health among construction workers.  

PubMed

We assessed psychosocial work environment, the prevalence of mental health complaints and the association between these two among bricklayers and construction supervisors. For this cross-sectional study a total of 1500 bricklayers and supervisors were selected. Psychosocial work characteristics were measured using the Dutch Questionnaire on the Experience and Evaluation of Work and compared to the general Dutch working population. Mental health effects were measured with scales to assess fatigue during work, need for recovery after work, symptoms of distress, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. The prevalence of self-reported mental health complaints was determined using the cut-off values. Associations between psychosocial work characteristics and self-reported mental health complaints were analysed using logistic regression. Total response rate was 43%. Compared to the general working population, bricklayers experienced statistically significant worse job control, learning opportunities and future perspectives; supervisors experienced statistically significant higher psychological demands and need for recovery. Prevalence of self-reported mental health effects among bricklayers and supervisors, respectively, were as follows: high need for recovery after work (14%; 25%), distress (5%, 7%), depression (18%, 20%) and post-traumatic stress disorder (11%, 7%). Among both occupations, high work speed and quantity were associated with symptoms of depression. Further, among construction supervisors, low participation in decision making and low social support of the direct supervisor was associated with symptoms of depression. The findings in the present study indicate psychosocial risk factors for bricklayers and supervisors. In each occupation a considerable proportion of workers was positively screened for symptoms of common mental disorders. PMID:23380530

Boschman, J S; van der Molen, H F; Sluiter, J K; Frings-Dresen, M H W

2013-09-01

27

Creating Powerful Learning Environments Beyond the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the last decades of the 20th century, the teaching and learning environment at colleges and universities has been expanding significantly beyond the standard space-bound classroom. In addition to online and distance learning opportunities, many students have taken part in structured experiential learning that has given them opportunities to…

Steffes, Jeanne S.

2004-01-01

28

Understanding and Improving Classroom Emotional Climate and Behavior Management in the “Real World”: The Role of Head Start Teachers' Psychosocial Stressors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This article reports on two studies. Study 1 considered ways in which Head Start teachers' (n = 90) psychosocial stressors are related to teachers' ability to maintain a positive classroom emotional climate and effective behavior management in preschool classrooms. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that among teachers randomly assigned to a treatment condition (n = 48), psychosocial stressors

Christine Li Grining; C. Cybele Raver; Kina Champion; Latriese Sardin; Molly Metzger; Stephanie M. Jones

2010-01-01

29

Visibility and Social Recognition as Psychosocial Work Environment Factors among Cleaners in A Multi-Ethnic Workplace Intervention  

PubMed Central

This article focuses on the psychosocial work environment of immigrant cleaners at a Danish workplace. Today, many cleaners working in Danish cleaning jobs are women from the established immigrant communities, but also labour migrants from the newer EU member states have found their way to the cleaning industry. Studies have drawn attention to immigrants’ low position in the cleaning industry and their increased risk of work injuries. This article is based on a case study of an intervention called “Make a Difference” designed to improve the work environment among cleaners at a multi-ethnic workplace. We used semi-structured interviews, photo logs, observation and participation to investigate how the cleaners experienced their work environment. The cleaners reported an overload of heavy work, related to the concept of a classroom’s “readiness for cleaning”, and they expressed strained social relations and communication in addition to a lack of social recognition and invisibility at the workplace, a school. We analysed these psychosocial work environmental problems by investigating the different forms of social relationships and communication within the group of cleaners, and between the cleaners and the teachers and pupils at the school. Moreover, we discussed why the intervention, based on training of language and cleaning skills and social interaction, only partially improved the cleaners’ psychosocial work environment problems. In this article, we argue that social divisions based on ethnicity between the new and the established group of cleaners, combined with their marginal position and poor work organisation at the school, reinforced the cleaners’ experiences of psychosocial work environment problems. This article suggests that increased effort towards social inclusion at work and improved work organisation, especially for the new labour migrants from newer EU-countries, should be considered. PMID:23263660

Hviid, Kirsten; Smith, Louise Hardman; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2012-01-01

30

Teacher interaction in psychosocial learning environments: cultural differences and their implications in science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine interpersonal behaviour in psychosocial learning environments and to determine the associations between science students' perceptions of their interactions with their teachers, the cultural background of teachers and their attitudinal outcomes. A sample of 1188 students completed the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction instrument. The responses to two subscales of Test of Science-related Attitudes were used as attitudinal measures. Significant associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and the cultural background of teachers were detected. The results showed that students perceived a more favourable interpersonal relationship with Western teachers in the secondary science classrooms. The students in the classes of Western teachers indicated that they enjoyed science lessons more than those in the classes of Asian teachers. Some implications for science instruction in this context are discussed.

Khine, Myint Swe; Fisher, Darrell L.

2004-01-01

31

Classroom Environment and Student Learning: Classroom-Level Effects on Achievement Trajectories in Late Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a three-level model (within-student, between-student, and between-classroom) to examine the effects of 4th and 5th grade classroom environments on student achievement trajectories during the school year. Between-classroom differences in teacher warmth and classroom order were tested as predictors of student rates of achievement…

Gaskins, Clare Smith

2010-01-01

32

Negative Peer Perceptions of Obese Children in the Classroom Environment  

PubMed Central

objective It is asserted that the more immediate and observable consequences of pediatric obesity are psychosocial in nature. This study examines the peer relations of clinically referred obese youth compared to demographically comparable nonoverweight peers within the classroom environment. Methods and Procedures Peer-, teacher-, and self-reports of behavioral reputation (Revised Class Play (RCP)), and peer reports of social acceptance, nonsocial attributes (attractiveness, athleticism, academic competence), and health interference (school absence, illness, fatigue) were obtained regarding 90 obese youth (BMI > 95th percentile; 8-16 years, 57% girls, 50% African American) and 76 nonoverweight demographically similar comparison classmates. Results Relative to comparison peers, obese children were nominated significantly less often as a best friend and rated lower in peer acceptance, although the two groups did not differ in the number of reciprocated friendships. Obese youth were described by peer, teacher, and self-report as more socially withdrawn and by peers as displaying less leadership and greater aggressive-disruptive behavior. Peers also described obese youth as less physically attractive, less athletic, more sick, tired, and absent from school. Being seen as less attractive and less athletic by peers helped to explain differences in obese and nonoverweight youth’s levels of peer acceptance. Discussion Clinically referred obese youth are characterized by peer relations that differ from those of nonoverweight youth. The peer environment provides a rich context to understand the social consequences of pediatric obesity as well as factors that could be targeted in intervention to promote more positive health and psychosocial outcomes. PMID:18379560

Zeller, Meg H.; Reiter-Purtill, Jennifer; Ramey, Christina

2009-01-01

33

The Learning Environment Associated with Information Technology Education in Taiwan: Combining Psychosocial and Physical Aspects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated perceptions of senior high school students towards the Taiwanese information technology (IT) classroom with the What Is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) survey and explored the physical learning environment of the IT classroom using the Computerised Classroom Environment Inventory (CCEI). The participants included 2,869…

Liu, Chia-Ju; Zandvliet, David B.; Hou, I.-Ling

2012-01-01

34

Improving the Classroom Environment: Classroom Amplification Systems. Information Capsule. Volume 0607  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has demonstrated that students with normal hearing ability benefit from the use of classroom amplification systems. Amplification systems allow teachers to control, stabilize, and equalize the classroom acoustical environment so their voices are clearly audible over background noise at all locations within the classroom. Studies…

Blazer, Christie

2007-01-01

35

Classroom Environment and Student Affective Performance: An Effective Profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the relationship between student affective performance and classroom physical environment, social climate, and management style were investigated in a sample of classes in Hong Kong primary schools. The results of Pearson and canonical correlation analyses indicated that among the measures of classroom environment, perceived quality of physical environment and class master's expert power, personal power, and coercive

Yin Cheong Cheng

1994-01-01

36

Measuring Language Learning Environments in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore a new learning environment instrument which could be used by teaching practitioners and other educators to measure the language learning environment in the secondary science classroom. The science teacher is central in creating science classrooms conductive to the language needs of students and should be…

Webster, Beverley J.; Hazari, Anjali

2009-01-01

37

Assessing College Classroom Environment Using Free Description: A Methodological Demonstration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the measurement of classroom environment and proposes an alternative approach to assessing classroom environment that allows subjects greater spontaneity and provides greater descriptive flexibility. A study asked 31 college professors at Midwestern State University of Wichita Falls, Texas, to generate lists of adjectives…

Diekhoff, George M.; Wigginton, Phil K.

38

Classroom Environment, Achievement Goals and Maths Performance: Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how gender shapes the relationships between classroom environment, achievement goals and maths performance. Seventh-grade students ("N"?=?498) from five urban secondary schools filled in achievement goal orientations and classroom environment scales at the beginning of the second semester. Maths performance was assessed as…

Gherasim, Loredana Ruxandra; Butnaru, Simona; Mairean, Cornelia

2013-01-01

39

Associations between Psychosocial Environments in Religious Education Classes and Students' Attitude toward Christianity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past thirty years, independent lines of research in the fields of classroom environment and student attitudes toward Christianity have been conducted. This research brought these two fields together by investigating the relationship between student perceptions of religion classroom environment and their attitudes toward Christianity. A…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; Mcrobbie, Campbell J.; Foster, William J.

2002-01-01

40

Learning Environments in Information and Communications Technology Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of learning environments provides a useful research framework for investigating the effects of educational innovations such as those which are associated with the use of the Internet in classroom settings. This study reports an investigation into the use of Internet technologies in high-school classrooms in Australia and Canada.…

Zandvliet, David B.; Fraser, Barry J.

2004-01-01

41

Between-Classroom Differences in Peer Network Features and Students' Perceptions of the Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this poster is to examine whether differences in the structural features of classroom peer networks (tight-knittedness, hierarchy, salience norms) are associated with differences in how individual students perceive the classroom environment (relational support from teachers and peers) and express achievement-related beliefs…

Zadzora, Kathleen; Gest, Scott D.; Rodkin, Philip C.

2011-01-01

42

Science Laboratory Classroom Environments in Korean High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to investigate the learning environment of senior high school science laboratory classrooms in Korea, the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI) was translated into Korean and administered to 439 students (99 science-independent stream students, 195 science-oriented stream students and 145 humanities stream students). Data…

Fraser, Barry J.; Lee, Sunny S. U.

2009-01-01

43

Using Students' Assessment of Classroom Environment to Develop a Typology of Secondary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research employing the Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) was conducted in Australian secondary schools. A sample of 4,146 students from 286 classes responded to the TROFLEI which assesses 10 classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, task orientation, investigation,…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; Aldridge, Jill M.; Fraser, Barry J.

2006-01-01

44

The Family Environment as a Moderator of Psychosocial Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children  

PubMed Central

Objective This study sought to determine whether the family environment moderates psychosocial outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in young children. Method Participants were recruited prospectively from consecutive hospital admissions of 3-6 year old children, and included 19 with severe TBI, 56 with complicated mild/moderate TBI, and 99 with orthopedic injuries (OI). They completed four assessments across the first 18 months post-injury. The initial assessment included measures of parenting style, family functioning, and the quality of the home. Children’s behavioral adjustment, adaptive functioning, and social competence were assessed at each occasion. Mixed model analyses examined the relationship of the family environment to psychosocial outcomes across time. Results The OI and TBI groups differed significantly in social competence, but the family environment did not moderate the group difference, which was of medium magnitude. In contrast, group differences in behavioral adjustment became more pronounced across time at high levels of authoritarian and permissive parenting; among children with severe TBI, however, even those with low levels of permissive parenting showed increases in behavioral problems. For adaptive functioning, better home environments provided some protection following TBI, but not over time for the severe TBI group. These three-way interactions of group, family environment, and time post injury were all of medium magnitude. Conclusions The findings indicate that the family environment moderates the psychosocial outcomes of TBI in young children, but the moderating influence may wane with time among children with severe TBI. PMID:20438212

Yeates, Keith Owen; Taylor, H. Gerry; Walz, Nicolay Chertkoff; Stancin, Terry; Wade, Shari L.

2010-01-01

45

Understanding Social and Emotional Needs as an Approach in Developing a Positive Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The classroom environment is an important aspect of classroom management that concerns many teachers. Properly engaging students in the classroom can foster a positive environment. This study examines social and emotional needs of students and its implications in developing a positive classroom. How can meeting social and emotional needs of…

Ozorio, Kristen

2014-01-01

46

Parental Involvement in Schooling, Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated relationships between students' perceptions of parental involvement in schooling, their Spanish classroom environment and student outcomes (attitudes and achievement). Modified Spanish versions of the What Is Happening In this Class?, Test of Spanish-Related Attitudes-L[subscript 1], a parental involvement questionnaire and a…

Adamski, Aurora; Fraser, Barry J.; Peiro, Maria M.

2013-01-01

47

Creating the Classroom Environment: Perceptions of First Year Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences and perceptions of two first year teachers relating to the concept of preparing the classroom environment for learning. Two female first year teachers of young children participated in the study. One taught preschool and the other taught fourth grade, both in public school settings in the…

Smith, Cheryl Lewis

2009-01-01

48

Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Instructors' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the development of an instrument to assess classroom environment in universities. Using a sample of 665 students from 11 departments of the University of Seville (Spain), an instrument called the Evaluation of University Teaching Activities Questionnaire (E.U.T.A.Q.) was field-tested. The E.U.T.A.Q. consists of 25 items assigned…

Villar, Luis M.; Alegre, Olga M.

2007-01-01

49

Psychosocial Characteristics of Optimum Performance in Isolated and Confined Environments (ICE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP) Element addresses human health risks in the NASA Human Research Program (HRP), including the Risk of Adverse Behavioral Conditions and the Risk of Psychiatric Disorders. BHP supports and conducts research to help characteristics and mitigate the Behavioral Medicine risk for exploration missions, and in some instances, current Flight Medical Operations. The Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP) Element identified research gaps within the Behavioral Medicine Risk, including Gap BMed6: What psychosocial characteristics predict success in an isolated, confined environment (ICE)? To address this gap, we conducted an extensive and exhaustive literature review to identify the following: 1) psychosocial characteristics that predict success in ICE environments; 2) characteristics that are most malleable; and 3) specific countermeasures that could enhance malleable characteristics.

Palinkas, Lawrence A.; Keeton, Kathryn E.; Shea, Camille; Leveton, Lauren B.

2010-01-01

50

The Nature of Chinese Language Classroom Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports findings from a classroom environment study which was designed to investigate the nature of Chinese Language classroom environments in Singapore secondary schools. We used a perceptual instrument, the Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory, to investigate teachers' and students' perceptions towards their Chinese…

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq V.

2011-01-01

51

Childhood family psychosocial environment and carotid intima media thickness: the CARDIA study.  

PubMed

Little is known about whether the childhood family psychosocial environment (characterized by cold, unaffectionate interactions, conflict, aggression, neglect and/or low nurturance) affects coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Objectives were to evaluate associations of childhood family psychosocial environment with carotid intima media thickness (IMT), a subclinical measure of atherosclerosis. The study population included 2659 CARDIA study participants, aged 37-52 years. Childhood family psychosocial environment was measured using a risky family questionnaire via self-report. Carotid IMT was calculated using the average of 20 measurements of mean common carotid, bulb and internal carotid IMT, assessed using high-resolution B-mode ultrasound images. Utilizing linear regression analyses adjusted for age, a 1-unit (range 0-21) increase in risky family score was associated with 0.0036 (95% CI: 0.0006,0.0066 mm) and 0.0020 (95% CI: 0.0002,0.0038) mm increase in mean IMT in white males and females, respectively. Formal mediation analyses and covariate adjustments suggested childhood socioeconomic position and smoking may be important mechanisms in white males and females, as well as education and depressive symptomatology in white males. No associations were found in black participants. Formal statistical tests for interaction between risky family score and sex, and between risky family score and race/ethnicity, demonstrated borderline evidence of interactions for both sex (p = 0.12) and race/ethnicity (p = 0.14) with risky family score for associations with mean IMT. In conclusion, childhood family psychosocial environment was positively associated with IMT in white participants, with little evidence of association in black participants. Mechanisms in white participants may include potential negative impacts of socioeconomic constraints on parenting quality, potentially influencing offspring's cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. smoking), socioeconomic position (e.g. education), and/or psychosocial functioning (e.g. depression), which may in turn lead to atherosclerotic processes. Borderline racial/ethnic differences in findings should be replicated, but add to literature exploring race/ethnicity-specific associations of parenting approaches with health outcomes. PMID:24581057

Loucks, Eric B; Taylor, Shelley E; Polak, Joseph F; Wilhelm, Aude; Kalra, Preety; Matthews, Karen A

2014-03-01

52

Psychosocial Environmental Relationships Among MSW Students in Distance Learning and Traditional Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Midwestern university assessed 108 graduate social work students. Student preferences were examined regarding their perceptions and satisfaction with distance education versus traditional classroom settings. With a standardized measurement scale and 6 qualitative interviews being utilized, results identified several interpersonal and environmental characteristics influencing positive preference. Using an independent sample t-test, significant differences were found between the two types of

J. Alicia Mason; Lonnie R. Helton; Sophia Dziegielewski

2010-01-01

53

Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour, Classroom Environment and Student Outcomes in Primary Mathematics in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined two aspects of classroom learning environment (in- terpersonal teacher behaviour and classroom climate) and their associations with affective and cognitive outcomes among primary mathematics students in Singapore. Also gender differences in students' achievement, attitudes and perceptions of classroom environment were explored. A random sample of 1512 boys and girls from government primary schools was used. For the

Swee Chiew Goh; Barry J. Fraser

1998-01-01

54

Person-Environment Interaction in the Virtual Classroom: An Initial Examination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study explores the perceptions of distance education students of their classroom environment using the College/University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI), a traditional classroom assessment tool. The CUCEI has seven scales that cover the areas of personalization, involvement, student cohesiveness, satisfaction, task orientation,…

Powers, Susan M.; Davis, Michaeleen; Torrence, Eileen

55

Development and validation of a curriculum theory-based classroom environment instrument: The technical and emancipatory classroom environment instrument (TECEI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this article is to delineate various conceptions of curriculum, and use one of these conceptions as a basis for the development of a classroom learning environment instrument titled the Technical and Emancipatory Classroom Environment Instrument (TECEI). The first portion of the article explains how curriculum can be conceived as a technocratic process in which curriculum professionals develop materials and instructional procedures that are implemented by teachers. As an alternative, an overview is given describing how curriculum can be conceived as a social construction that arises through interaction of participants (e.g., students, teachers, administrators, professional societies, and other segments of society). In the second portion of the article this social-construction conception of curriculum is used as a foundation for a classroom learning environment instrument. The procedures used to develop the TECEI, as well as relevant validation information, is also reported. The study ends by explaining how the instrument might be used by teachers and researchers to enhance science learning and teaching.

Bowen, Craig W.

56

Development and Validation of Short Forms of Some Instruments Measuring Student Perceptions of Actual and Preferred Classroom Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development/validation of short forms of Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ), My Class Inventory (MCI), and Classroom Environment Scale (CES). In addition to these forms measuring perceptions of actual classroom environment, ICEQ and CES short forms measuring preferred classroom environment were also developed.…

Fraser, Barry J.; Fisher, Darrell L.

1983-01-01

57

What do police officers value in the classroom? : A qualitative study of the classroom social environment in law enforcement education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This qualitative study seeks to gather rich, narrative data from police officers on the social environment of law enforcement classrooms and the classroom experiences valued most by law enforcement officers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study used interview data from a focus group, as well as individual interviews. Findings – Data revealed one predominant theme, students' preference for adult education

Janet R. Oliva; Michael T. Compton

2010-01-01

58

Physical and Psychosocial Aspects of the Learning Environment in the Science Laboratory and Their Relationship to Teacher Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report of a survey conducted to determine teachers' perception of the science laboratory learning environment and the relationship between different aspects of this environment and satisfaction from teaching and learning. Teachers' perceptions of psychosocial aspects were measured by use of the Science Laboratory…

Che Ahmad, Che Nidzam; Osman, Kamisah; Halim, Lilia

2013-01-01

59

Investigation of Junior Secondary Students' Perceptions of Mathematics Classroom Learning Environments in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a study investigating junior secondary school students' perceptions of mathematics classroom learning environments in China. An adapted 'What Is Happening In this Classroom?' questionnaire was administered to a sample of 2324 junior secondary school students from 72 classrooms in six provinces.…

Yang, Xinrong

2013-01-01

60

Development and Datametric Properties of a Scale Measuring Students' Perceptions of the Classroom Assessment Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each classroom has its own assessment environment perceived by the students and springs from the teacher's assessment practices. Although students' perceptions of the assessment environment may influence their achievement-related outcomes, little attention has been given to the measurement of perceived classroom assessment environment. This study…

Alkharusi, Hussain

2011-01-01

61

Psychosocial work environment and intention to leave the nursing profession: Results from the longitudinal Chinese NEXT study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: A shortage of nurses happens not only in developed countries, but also in developing countries, such as in China, but the nurse turnover here makes the situation worse. Why do Chinese nurses want to leave the nursing profession? Our hypothesis is that unfavourable psychosocial work environment could predict nurses' intention to leave (ITL). Methods: Collaborating with the EU NEXT

JIAN LI; H UA FU; YAN HU; LI SHANG; YINGHUI WU; TAGE SØNDERGA; BERND HANS MUELLER; HANS MARTIN HASSELHORN

62

Evaluation of a Classroom-Based Psychosocial Intervention in Conflict-Affected Nepal: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In situations of ongoing violence, childhood psychosocial and mental health problems require care. However, resources and evidence for adequate interventions are scarce for children in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated a school-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected, rural Nepal. Methods: A cluster…

Jordans, Mark J. D.; Komproe, Ivan H.; Tol, Wietse A.; Kohrt, Brandon A.; Luitel, Nagendra P.; Macy, Robert D.; de Jong, Joop T. V. M.

2010-01-01

63

Multiple experiences in moving from a traditional classroom setting to an on-line teaching environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

When transitioning traditional classroom courses to an on-line teaching environment, there are a variety of ways to accomplish the task. One approach is to combine classroom and on-line activities, by migrating a significant portion of the course material to an on-line environment while maintaining the remaining material in a more traditional classroom setting. This scenario requires the class to meet

Pete Hylton; Wendy Otoupal

2007-01-01

64

Using Student Perceptions to Compare Actual and Preferred Classroom Environment in Queensland Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' perceptions of actual and preferred classroom environment were investigated using the "What is happening in this class? questionnaire" (WIHIC). The WIHIC assesses seven classroom environment dimensions: student cohesiveness, teacher support, involvement, task orientation, investigation, cooperation and equity. A sample of 978 secondary…

Dorman, Jeffrey P.

2008-01-01

65

Psychometrics and Observations: Issues in a Dual Approach to the Study of Classroom Learning Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anthropological methods of classroom observation were combined with the results of student responses to three questionnaires in a study of classroom learning environments. The questionnaires were: Learning Environment Inventory, Class Activities Questionnaire, and ALP (Authenticity, Legitimacy, Productivity) Ethos Instrument. Although the…

Cichon, Donald J.; Olson, George E.

66

An Examination of Classroom Social Environment on Motivation and Engagement of College Early Entrant Honors Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to examine the relationships between the classroom social environment, motivation, engagement and achievement of a group of early entrant Honors students at a large urban university. Prior research on the classroom environment, motivation, engagement and high ability students was examined, leading to the assumption that the…

Maddox, Richard S.

2010-01-01

67

Assessing Perceptions of the Environment in Elementary Classrooms: The Link with Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines students' perceptions of their classroom environment and the possible effect of these perceptions on math and reading achievement. Additionally, the paper investigates the significance of gender and grade level on students' perceptions of the classroom environment. Participants were elementary school students in a large urban…

LaRocque, Michelle

2008-01-01

68

Out with the Old, in with the New: Factor Analyses of a Classroom Environment Measure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several instruments have been developed to gauge student perceptions of their classroom environment as greater attention has been given to the relationship between student achievement and student perceptions. One widely used instrument to assess those perceptions is the Classroom Environment Scale (CES), a 90-item measure for secondary level…

Boren, Rachel; Callahan, Carolyn; Peugh, James

2011-01-01

69

Gender Differences in Adult Student Perceptions of College Classroom Social Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adult male and female students’ perceptions of classroom social environments (climates) were compared on the Relationship dimensions of Affiliation and Involvement as measured by the Adult Classroom Environment Scale. Data were collected from 439 adult students enrolled at an urban community college. Theoretically grounded hypotheses were tested using the general linear model procedure. As predicted, women perceived more affiliation and

Carole T. Beer; Gordon G. Darkenwald

1989-01-01

70

Issues of Teacher Professional Learning within "Non-Traditional" Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the demands of the "21st century learner", classroom environments are increasingly moving away from traditional models of a single-teacher isolated in their classroom. There is an advent of 'non-traditional' environments that challenge long-held practices in teaching. To support these changes there is a pressing…

Campbell, Matthew; Saltmarsh, Sue; Chapman, Amy; Drew, Christopher

2013-01-01

71

The ward atmosphere important for the psychosocial work environment of nursing staff in psychiatric in-patient care  

PubMed Central

Background The nursing staff working in psychiatric care have a demanding work situation, which may be reflected in how they view their psychosocial work environment and the ward atmosphere. The aims of the present study were to investigate in what way different aspects of the ward atmosphere were related to the psychosocial work environment, as perceived by nursing staff working in psychiatric in-patient care, and possible differences between nurses and nurse assistants. Methods 93 nursing staff working at 12 general psychiatric in-patient wards in Sweden completed two questionnaires, the Ward Atmosphere Scale and the QPSNordic 34+. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, the Mann-Whitney U-test, Spearman rank correlations and forward stepwise conditional logistic regression analyses. Results The data revealed that there were no differences between nurses and nurse assistants concerning perceptions of the psychosocial work environment and the ward atmosphere. The ward atmosphere subscales Personal Problem Orientation and Program Clarity were associated with a psychosocial work environment characterized by Empowering Leadership. Program Clarity was related to the staff's perceived Role Clarity, and Practical Orientation and Order and Organization were positively related to staff perceptions of the Organizational Climate. Conclusions The results from the present study indicate that several ward atmosphere subscales were related to the nursing staff's perceptions of the psychosocial work environment in terms of Empowering Leadership, Role Clarity and Organizational Climate. Improvements in the ward atmosphere could be another way to accomplish improvements in the working conditions of the staff, and such improvements would affect nurses and nurse assistants in similar ways. PMID:21679430

2011-01-01

72

A Cross-National Study of Secondary Science Classroom Environments in Australia and Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports a cross-national study of classroom environments in Australia and Indonesia. A modified version of the What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) questionnaire was used simultaneously in these two countries to: 1) crossvalidate the modified WIHIC; 2) investigate differences between countries and sexes in perceptions of classroom environment; and 3) investigate associations between students’ attitudes to science and their perceptions of classroom environment. The sample consisted of 1,161 students (594 students from 18 classes in Indonesia and 567 students from 18 classes in Australia). Principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation supported the validity of a revised structure for the WIHIC. Two-way MANOVA revealed some differences between countries and between sexes in students’ perceptions of their classroom environments. Simple correlation and multiple regression analyses revealed generally positive associations between the classroom environment and student attitudes to science in both countries.

Fraser, Barry J.; Aldridge, Jill M.; Adolphe, F. S. Gerard

2010-08-01

73

Improving the Psychosocial Work Environment at Multi-Ethnic Workplaces: A Multi-Component Intervention Strategy in the Cleaning Industry  

PubMed Central

Global labour migration has increased in recent years and immigrant workers are often recruited into low status and low paid jobs such as cleaning. Research in a Danish context shows that immigrants working in the cleaning industry often form social networks based on shared languages and backgrounds, and that conflict between different ethnic groups may occur. This paper evaluates the impact of a multi-component intervention on the psychosocial work environment at a multi-ethnic Danish workplace in the cleaning sector. The intervention included Danish lessons, vocational training courses, and activities to improve collaboration across different groups of cleaners. Interviews about the outcome of the intervention were conducted with the cleaners and their supervisor. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used as a supplement to the interviews. The results suggest that the psychosocial work environment had improved after the intervention. According to the interviews with the cleaners, the intervention had led to improved communication, trust, and collaboration. These findings are supported by the questionnaire where social support from supervisor and colleagues, social community, trust, and teamwork seem to have improved together with meaning of work, rewards, and emotional demands. The design of the intervention may provide inspiration for future psychosocial work environment interventions at multi-ethnic work places. PMID:24129115

Smith, Louise Hardman; Hviid, Kirsten; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2013-01-01

74

Improving the psychosocial work environment at multi-ethnic workplaces: a multi-component intervention strategy in the cleaning industry.  

PubMed

Global labour migration has increased in recent years and immigrant workers are often recruited into low status and low paid jobs such as cleaning. Research in a Danish context shows that immigrants working in the cleaning industry often form social networks based on shared languages and backgrounds, and that conflict between different ethnic groups may occur. This paper evaluates the impact of a multi-component intervention on the psychosocial work environment at a multi-ethnic Danish workplace in the cleaning sector. The intervention included Danish lessons, vocational training courses, and activities to improve collaboration across different groups of cleaners. Interviews about the outcome of the intervention were conducted with the cleaners and their supervisor. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used as a supplement to the interviews. The results suggest that the psychosocial work environment had improved after the intervention. According to the interviews with the cleaners, the intervention had led to improved communication, trust, and collaboration. These findings are supported by the questionnaire where social support from supervisor and colleagues, social community, trust, and teamwork seem to have improved together with meaning of work, rewards, and emotional demands. The design of the intervention may provide inspiration for future psychosocial work environment interventions at multi-ethnic work places. PMID:24129115

Smith, Louise Hardman; Hviid, Kirsten; Frydendall, Karen Bo; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2013-10-01

75

Comparison of student perceptions of classroom instruction: Traditional, hybrid, and distance education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of a project that examined student perceptions of the psychosocial learning environment in a distance education classroom. The study utilized a survey instrument, Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (DELES) that was distributed as a pre-test\\/post-test to three sections of the same course taught in three distinct formats: traditional classroom instruction, distance learning, and hybrid (partially

Mary Jo; Garcia BIGGS

76

Modifying the Classroom Environment to Increase Engagement and Decrease Disruption with Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine the effect of physical modifications on the academic engagement and disruptive behavior of Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing students in self-contained classrooms. Three classrooms at a school for the Deaf were modified after consultation with the classroom teachers. The modifications of the classroom environment

Guardino, Caroline; Antia, Shirind D.

2012-01-01

77

Student, Teacher, and Observer Perceptions of the Classroom Environment Before and after the Transition to Junior High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student and teacher perceptions of the classroom environment were assessed during mathematics instruction in 117 sixth grade elementary school classrooms and the following year in 138 seventh grade junior high school classrooms. Observer perceptions were collected in a subset of these classrooms. As hypothesized, after the transition students were given fewer opportunities for input, interaction and cooperation; whole class task

Harriet Feldlaufer; Carol Midgley; Jacquelynne S. Eccles

1988-01-01

78

Psychosocial environment for the integrated education opportunities of the disabled in Lithuania  

PubMed Central

Background The policy of the diminution of the social isolation of the disabled is the main objective of the strategy of the EU new policy concerning the disabled. Lithuanian society faces this objective as well. For this reason, this study aiming at providing the theoretical basis for and predicting the possible psycho-social environment in an integrated education system, as well as at the evaluation of the reasons for the formation of a positive approach to the disabled, is especially relevant, since it creates the prerequisites for the optimisation of the process of the integration of disabled schoolchildren into the general system of education. Method The sample of the study consisted of 2471 children from the same schools: not integrated (1958), integrated (126) and special schools (382). Empirical methods: questionnaire poll, comparative analysis. The statistical analysis was carried out using SAS. Results Our study showed that the majority of schoolchildren without disabilities and disabled schoolchildren have positive intentions for interpersonal interactions (>82%) and positive emotions (>69%) independently of the discrepant character of interpersonal contacts, different conditions of education and family life, and despite of low level of knowledge. Conclusion The results of the study confirmed positive intentions for interpersonal interaction between disabled schoolchildren and schoolchildren without disabilities, as well as a positive character of emotions, and disprove the unsound myth of the opponents of the social integration of the disabled stating that disabled children in comprehensive schools would undoubtedly experience offence from their peers without disabilities. PMID:17173706

Samsoniene, Laimute; Juozulynas, Algirdas; Surkiene, Gene; Jankauskiene, Konstancija; Luksiene, Aloyza

2006-01-01

79

Classroom Learning Environment Differences between Resilient, Average, and Nonresilient Middle School Students in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of achievement of students from high-risk and high-poverty environments necessitates changes in today's middle school environments to create a caring, supportive environment where all middle school students can succeed. This study investigated the classroom learning environments of resilient, average, and nonresilient minority…

Padrón, Yolanda N.; Waxman, Hersh C.; Lee, Yuan-Hsuan

2014-01-01

80

Teacher Attitudes, Perceived Influences, and Self-Reported Classroom Behaviors Related to School Nutrition Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study determined attitudes of kindergarten through fifth grade teachers about school nutrition environments, their perceived influence on school nutrition environments, and self-reported classroom behaviors. Specific objectives were to: (a) identify perceived factors that influence the school nutrition environment, according to teachers surveyed; (b) examine relationships between elementary school teacher attitudes about school nutrition environments and perceived influence on the

Beverly Lawler Girard

2010-01-01

81

A History Lab Environment in the Classroom Brings the Standards to Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address the gap between the spirit of the national history standards and what now is occurring in middle grades classrooms constrained by state standards and the No Child Left Behind policy. The authors suggest that creating a lab-like classroom environment to promote historical inquiry offers one means to close that…

White, Steven H.; O'Brien, Joseph E.; Smith, Art; Mortensen, Dustin; Hileman, Keil

2006-01-01

82

Academic Achievement and Perceptions of the Learning Environment in Virtual and Traditional Secondary Mathematics Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined Algebra students' achievement and perceptions of their classroom environments in both online and traditional face-to-face learning contexts using two validated assessments, the Assessment of Algebraic Understanding (AAU) test and the What is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) classroom perceptions instrument. Three virtual and…

Hughes, Joan E.; McLeod, Scott; Brown, Rachel; Maeda, Yukiko; Choi, Jiyoung

2007-01-01

83

Cognitive Apprenticeship in Computer-Mediated Feedback: Creating a Classroom Environment to Increase Feedback and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study of 1 teacher and 10 students in an Advanced Placement English class explores the role of computer-mediated feedback in the creation of a classroom learning environment that was supported through hybrid learning experiences. Data sources included classroom observations, online conversations, interviews with 10 high…

Boling, Erica C.; Beatty, Jeanine

2010-01-01

84

Learning at Workstations in Two Different Environments: A Museum and a Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our study compared the learning and motivational outcome of one educational approach in two different learning environments, a natural science museum and a classroom, drawing on studies about the effects of field trips on students' learning and motivation. The educational intervention consisted of an introduction phase in the classroom and…

Sturm, Heike; Bogner, Franz X.

2010-01-01

85

Student Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environments: Development of the ClassMaps Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the means, variability, internal consistency reliability, and structural validity evidence of the ClassMaps Survey, a measure of student perceptions of classroom learning environments. The ClassMaps Survey is a 55-item student rating scale of eight important classroom characteristics. The survey provides a…

Doll, Beth; Spies, Robert A.; LeClair, Courtney M.; Kurien, Sarah A.; Foley, Brett P.

2010-01-01

86

Learners' Metaphorical Images about Classroom Management in a Social Constructivist Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the conceptual change teacher candidates went through in the process of a constructivist-learning environment in Classroom Management Course. Teacher candidates' metaphorical images about classroom management were obtained before and after a social constructivist curriculum implementation. Prior to the…

Akar, Hanife; Yildirim, Ali

2006-01-01

87

Change in Teacher Candidates' Metaphorical Images about Classroom Management in a Social Constructivist Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the conceptual change teacher candidates went through in a constructivist learning environment in a classroom management course. Within a qualitative case study design, teacher candidates' metaphorical images about classroom management were obtained through document analysis before and after they were…

Akar, Hanife; Yildirim, Ali

2009-01-01

88

Academic Achievement and Perceptions of the Learning Environment in Virtual and Traditional Secondary Mathematics Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined Algebra students' achievement and perceptions of their classroom environments in both online and traditional face-to-face learning contexts using two validated assessments, the Assessment of Algebraic Understanding (AAU) test and the What is Happening in this Class? (WIHIC) classroom perceptions instrument. Three virtual and three traditional schools in three different states participated. Quantitative analysis revealed that online students

Joan E. Hughes; Scott McLeod; Rachel Brown; Yukiko Maeda; Jiyoung Choi

2007-01-01

89

An On-Line Classroom for the Unix Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an electronic classroom (ECR) program that has been developed at Nova University to facilitate online real-time group instruction in graduate degree programs in information and computer science. The first section describes the educational uses of the program, including the simulation of a classroom-type educational setting…

Scigliano, John A.; And Others

90

Positive Classroom Motivational Environments : Convergence between Mastery Goal Structure and Classroom Social Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a series of 4 studies we investigated the relations of mastery goal structure and 4 dimensions of the classroom social climate (teacher academic support, teacher emotional support, classroom mutual respect, task-related interaction). We conducted multidimensional scaling with separate adolescent samples that differed considerably (i.e., by…

Patrick, Helen; Kaplan, Avi; Ryan, Allison M.

2011-01-01

91

Positive Classroom Motivational Environments: Convergence Between Mastery Goal Structure and Classroom Social Climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a series of 4 studies we investigated the relations of mastery goal structure and 4 dimensions of the classroom social climate (teacher academic support, teacher emotional support, classroom mutual respect, task-related interaction). We conducted multidimensional scaling with separate adolescent samples that differed considerably (i.e., by racial and demographic characteristics, grade level, and educational contexts). Studies 1, 2, and 3

Helen Patrick; Avi Kaplan; Allison M. Ryan

2011-01-01

92

Expanding the Psychosocial Work Environment: Workplace Norms and Work-Family Conflict as Correlates of Stress and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the contributions of organizational level norms about work requirements and social relations, and work-family conflict, to job stress and subjective health symptoms, controlling for Karasek's job demand-control-support model of the psychosocial work environment, in a sample of 1,346 employees from 56 firms in the Norwegian food and beverage industry. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that organizational norms

Tove Helland Hammer; Per Øystein Saksvik; Kjell Nytrø; Hans Torvatn; Mahmut Bayazit

2004-01-01

93

Use of classroom environment perceptions in evaluating inquiry-based computer-assisted learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the perceptions held by 120 students and seven teachers of the learning environment in their inquiry?based computer classrooms. The subjects responded to a classroom environment instrument before and after using a computerized database which has the potential for promoting inquiry skills. Generally, there was an increase in student?perceived investigation and open?endedness. Although teachers’ and students’ perceptions showed

Dorit Maor; Barry J. Fraser

1996-01-01

94

Investigation and Analysis of Winter Classroom Thermal Environment in Chongqing  

E-print Network

The classrooms in Chongqing are taken as a study subject in this paper. Measurements of the indoor thermal environmental parameters, e.g., indoor dry/wet bulb temperature, and air velocity, were taken. Combined with the questionnaire, which included...

Liu, J.; Li, B.; Yao, R.

2006-01-01

95

Psychosocial Communication and Computerization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effect of computerization of the work environment on psychosocial communication. The RAM program, developed at Stockholm University to explore the effect of computers on the structure of organizations and the psychosocial work environment, is described; theoretical models are explained; and the future use of knowledge-based systems…

Bradley, Gunilla; And Others

1993-01-01

96

An Examination of Relationships between Psychosocial Satisfaction Scales in an Online Student Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that students who are satisfied with their learning experiences are typically successful and there is a fundamental theory that suggests if the expectations of students are achieved they will be return customers. This study examined the relationships between the psychosocial satisfaction scales in an online student learning…

Bookout, James Marshall, Jr.

2010-01-01

97

Internet Safety Gone Wild?Sacrificing the Educational and Psychosocial Benefits of Online Social Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Internet safety and parenting experts suggest that parents prohibit their teens from social networking sites and other online spaces where predators may lurk. But we may do adolescents a disservice when we curtail their participation in these spaces, because the educational and psychosocial benefits of this type of communication can far outweigh the potential dangers. These benefits include developing

Brendesha M. Tynes

2007-01-01

98

Reading the Environment: Children's Literature in the Science Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science trade books, both fiction and nonfiction, nurture a child's personal journey of discovery through the anecdotes, adventures, and experiences of others and through vivid word and picture images. This book focuses on the use of children's literature in the science classroom. Chapters include: (1) "Why Science and Literature Belong Together";…

Cerullo, Mary M.

99

The Classroom Acoustical Environment and the Americans with Disabilities Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the lack of an acoustic standard in classrooms and an effort by a broad-based coalition of engineers, audiologists, parents, architects, and educators to develop a standard for acoustics that would then be referenced in the Americans with Disabilities Act. The benefits to all children are emphasized. (Contains six…

Sorkin, Donna L.

2000-01-01

100

Creating an Inclusive Classroom Environment StudentVeterans  

E-print Network

and perspective which add complexity to the educational experience · Backgrounds that correlate with a history ·Redeployment · Disability ·Physical disability ·PTSD Dimensions of Diversity Within StudentVeterans · Combat/family or single · Race/ethnicity · Gender · Political views Creating Inclusive Classrooms. . . . It's up

Buehrer, R. Michael

101

Resilience Applied in School: Strengthening Classroom Environments for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread acceptance of ecological models of child development, the tools and strategies underlying school psychological practice emphasize individual characteristics of children. This article describes ClassMaps Consultation, a consultation strategy that assesses the availability of protective factors and risk in school classrooms

Nickolite, Amanda; Doll, Beth

2008-01-01

102

Developing dance interaction between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment: plans for the first steps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the early stages of a study designed to understand the development of dance interactions between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment. The study is part of a project to explore the potential use of interactive robots as instructional tools in education. After 3 months observation period, we are starting the experiment. The experimental environment, component technologies,

Fumihide Tanaka; Bret Fortenberry; Kazuki Aisaka; Javier R. Movellan

2005-01-01

103

Plans for Developing Real-time Dance Interaction between QRIO and Toddlers in a Classroom Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the early stages of a study designed to understand the development of dance interactions between QRIO and toddlers in a classroom environment. The study is part of a project to explore the potential use of interactive robots as instructional tools in education. After 3 months observation period, we are starting the experiment. After explaining the experimental environment,

Fumihide Tanaka; Bret Fortenberry; Kazuki Aisaka; Javier R. Movellan

2005-01-01

104

Classroom Community Scale in the Blended Learning Environment: A Psychometric Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Classroom Community Scale (CCS) has been utilized in previous research to measure sense of community of learners including those learners in blended learning environments. In the current study, the CCS was examined with respect to its psychometric properties in the blended learning environment. Reliability analyses indicate an acceptable level…

Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Shiu, William

2010-01-01

105

Gender and the Relationship between Affective Beliefs and Perceptions of Grade 7 Mathematics Classroom Learning Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations of (n=782) 7th-grade students' beliefs and perceptions of classroom learning environments found that the pattern of relationships in learning environments where teacher support emerged as irrelevant was not the same for males and females. (29 references) (Author/MKR)

Forgasz, Helen J.

1995-01-01

106

Quality of the Literacy Environment in Inclusive Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of the literacy environment in inclusive early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms ("N" = 54). The first aim was to describe the quality of the literacy environment in terms of structure (i.e., book materials and print/writing materials) and instruction (i.e., instructional…

Guo, Ying; Sawyer, Brook E.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2013-01-01

107

An Evaluation of Elementary School Science Kits in Terms of Classroom Environment and Student Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the perceptions of the learning environment and the attitudes held by students using various science-teaching materials in Texas. Using the My Class Inventory (MCI), interviews, and observation, students' perceptions of their classroom environments and their attitudes toward science were assessed. The goal of this study was to…

Houston, Linda Scott; Fraser, Barry J.; Ledbetter, Cynthia E.

108

Using the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) System in Preschool Classrooms with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the language environment of preschool programs serving children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and examines relationships between child characteristics and an automated measure of adult and child language in the classroom. The Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system was used with 40 children with ASD to collect data…

Dykstra, Jessica R.; Sabatos-DeVito, Maura G.; Irvin, Dwight W.; Boyd, Brian A.; Hume, Kara A.; Odom, Sam L.

2013-01-01

109

Differences in sociocultural environment perceptions associated with gender in science classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

An amount-of-learning outcome variable has been attributed to the environment in which teaching and learning are conducted. Studies carried out so far have, however, not focused on the sociocultural aspect of the classroom environment, which has been theorized to have potential influence on students' learning. The intent of this study was to examine the influence of five aspects of the

Olugbemiro J. Jegede; Peter Akinsola Okebukola

1992-01-01

110

The Literacy Environment of Preschool Classrooms: Contributions to Children's Emergent Literacy Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations among features of the classroom physical literacy environment (book materials, literacy area and writing materials) and psychological literacy environment (instructional support), and preschool children's gains in two areas of emergent literacy over an academic year. Results showed that features of the physical…

Guo, Ying; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; McGinty, Anita

2012-01-01

111

Classroom Management Issues in Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-Mediated Learning Environments: Back to the Basics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research studies have shown that effective classroom management is a necessary condition for successful ICT integration in schools. Drawing upon the classroom management practices of teachers in a Singapore primary school, this article describes how the elements of classroom management facilitate the creation of a conducive learning environment to…

Lim, Cher Ping; Pek, Meow Sien; Chai, Ching Sing

2005-01-01

112

Psychosocial work environment, job mobility and gender differences in turnover behaviour: a prospective study among the Swedish general population  

PubMed Central

Background Throughout the literature, substantial evidence supports associations between poor psychosocial work characteristics and a variety of ill-health outcomes. Yet, few reports strategies workers carry out to improve detrimental work conditions and consequently their health, such as changing jobs. The aim of this study was to examine if adverse psychosocial work exposure, as measured with the job demand-control and effort-reward imbalance models, could predict job mobility over a 5 years observation period. Method Participants were working men and women (n?=?940; 54.3% women), aged 24–60 years from the population of Gothenburg and surrounding metropolitan area. Job demand-control and effort-reward variables were compared with independent t-tests and chi2-test in persons with and without job mobility. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse whether psychosocial factors could predict job mobility. All regression analyses were stratified by gender. Results Exposure to a combination of high demands-low control or high imbalance between effort and reward was related to increased odds of changing jobs (OR 1.63; CI 1.03-2.59 and OR 1.46; CI 1.13-1.89 respectively). When analysing men and women separately, men had a higher OR of changing jobs when exposed to either high demands-low control (OR 2.72; CI 1.24-5.98) or high effort-reward imbalance (OR 1.74; CI 1.11-2.72) compared to reference values. The only significant associations for women was slightly decreased odds for turnover in high reward jobs (OR 0.96; CI 0.92-0.99). Conclusions The results indicate that workers will seek to improve poor work environment by changing jobs. There were notable gender differences, where men tended to engage in job mobility when exposed to adverse psychosocial factors, while women did not. The lack of measures for mechanisms driving job mobility was a limitation of this study, thus preventing conclusions regarding psychosocial factors as the primary source for job mobility. PMID:24927628

2014-01-01

113

Classroom learning environments and the mental health of first grade children.  

PubMed

Sociological research focuses on how poverty, family, and neighborhood dynamics shape children's problems, but knowledge about how school is related to children's mental health is underdeveloped, despite its central presence in children's lives. Using a social structure and personality-stress contagion perspective, the authors use a nationally representative sample of first graders (N = 10,700) to assess how the classroom learning environment affects children's emotional and behavior problems. Children in more negative environments-such as classrooms with fewer material resources and whose teachers receive less respect from colleagues-have more learning, externalizing, interpersonal, and internalizing problems. Moreover, children in classrooms with low academic standards, excessive administrative paperwork, rowdy behavior, and low skill level of peers have more problems across one or more outcomes. Some school effects vary across race and ethnicity. PMID:21362609

Milkie, Melissa A; Warner, Catharine H

2011-03-01

114

Does Math Self-Efficacy Mediate the Effect of the Perceived Classroom Environment on Standardized Math Test Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the effect of the perceived classroom environment on math self-efficacy and the effect of math self-efficacy on standardized math test performance. Upper elementary school students (N = 1,163) provided self-reports of their perceived math self-efficacy and the degree to which their math classroom environment was mastery oriented,…

Fast, Lisa A.; Lewis, James L.; Bryant, Michael J.; Bocian, Kathleen A.; Cardullo, Richard A.; Rettig, Michael; Hammond, Kimberly A.

2010-01-01

115

From psycho-social theory to sustainable classroom practice: developing a research-based teacher-delivered sex education programme.  

PubMed

This paper describes the development of a theoretically based sex education programme currently undergoing a randomized controlled trial in the UK. It considers some of the practical difficulties involved in translating research-based conclusions into acceptable, replicable and potentially effective classroom lessons. The discussion acknowledges that the implications of social psychological research and the requirements of rigorous evaluation may conflict with accepted principles inherent in current sex education practice. It also emphasizes that theoretical ideas must be carefully embedded in lessons which are informed by an awareness of classroom culture, and the needs and skills of teachers. For example, the use of same-sex student groups to reflect on the gendered construction of sexuality may be problematic. Materials must be tailored to recipients' circumstances, which may require substituting for limited experience with the use of detailed scripts and scenarios. Furthermore, role-play techniques for sexual negotiation that work elsewhere may not be effective in the UK. The use of trigger video sessions and other techniques are recommended. Finally, the problems involved in promoting condom-related skills are discussed. The paper concludes that, if an intervention is to be sustainable beyond the research stage, it must be designed to overcome such problems while remaining theoretically informed. PMID:10788199

Wight, D; Abraham, C

2000-02-01

116

Elementary School Students' Learning Preferences and the Classroom Learning Environment: Implications for Educational Practice and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study seeks to examine fifth grade students' perceptions of learning preferences for individualistic, competitive, cooperative, and communal learning as well as students' perceptions of their classroom-learning environment. Results show that students prefer group learning compared to individualistic and competitive learning and that a majority…

Johnson, Leona M.

2006-01-01

117

The Interplay of the Classroom Learning Environment and Inquiry-Based Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quasi-experimental study investigates how the classroom learning environment changed after inquiry-based activities were introduced and student questioning was encouraged. Three science teachers and three classes of fifth graders (n = 92) participated in this study. The analysis of covariance reveals that although the experimental group…

Lin, Huann-shyang; Hong, Zuway-R; Cheng, Ying-Yao

2009-01-01

118

Student Perceptions of the Classroom Environment: Relations to Motivation and Achievement in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of 979 middle school students' perceptions of their mathematics classroom environment to their motivation and achievement. Structural equation modeling indicated that motivational variables (utility, personal achievement goals, efficacy) mediated the influence of perceived teacher expectations, teacher…

Gilbert, Melissa C.; Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.; Woolley, Michael E.; Karabenick, Stuart A.; Strutchens, Marilyn E.; Martin, W. Gary

2014-01-01

119

A Study of Measures of Classroom Learning Environments. Technical Report Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with the following topics: (1) the extent to which three different learning environment instruments and their underlying conceptual framework are empirically related, and (2) the extent to which intensive observation of classrooms aids in the interpretation of instruments' characterizations of a class. In the first part of the…

Cichon, Donald J.; Olson, George E.

120

An Evaluation of Elementary School Science Kits in Terms of Classroom Environment and Student Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student perceptions of classroom environment can provide useful criteria for evaluating educational alternatives. The My Class Inventory (MCI) was used with 588 3rd- to 5th-grade students in Texas in evaluating the effectiveness of instruction using a textbook, science kits, or a combination of both. Various analyses attested to the factorial…

Houston, Linda Scott; Fraser, Barry J.; Ledbetter, Cynthia E.

2008-01-01

121

A Web Environment to Encourage Students to Do Exercises outside the Classroom: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past five years, our students have been passing less and less time preparing for lectures and exams. To encourage them to do more exercises, a pedagogical activity was offered outside the classroom. With the goal of making students more active during the problem-solving process, an innovative online environment, Sphinx, was developed.…

Capus, Laurence; Curvat, Frederic; Leclair, Olivier; Tourigny, Nicole

2006-01-01

122

Facilitating in a Demanding Environment: Experiences of Teaching in Virtual Classrooms Using Web Conferencing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"How to" guides and software training resources support the development of the skills and confidence needed to teach in virtual classrooms using web-conferencing software. However, these sources do not often reveal the subtleties of what it is like to be a facilitator in such an environment--what it feels like, what issues might emerge…

Cornelius, Sarah

2014-01-01

123

Creating a Positive Learning Environment with the Use of Clickers in a High School Chemistry Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the effectiveness of student response systems in improving student learning is inconclusive, clickers can be used to create a positive learning environment in the classroom, which can help increase student achievement. With the use of clickers, students showed modest improvements in their performance in conceptual summative assessments.…

Vital, Fred

2012-01-01

124

The Teaching Voice on the Learning Platform: Seeking Classroom Climates within a Virtual Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University staff are now encouraged to supplement their classroom activity with computer-based tools and resources accessible through virtual learning environments (VLEs). Meanwhile, university students increasingly make recreational use of computer networks in the form of various social software applications. This paper explores tensions of…

Crook, Charles; Cluley, Robert

2009-01-01

125

Using Large Shared Displays to Create a Collaborative Classroom Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal in this work is to create a more collaborative learning environment in the classroom, by designing and implementing a system infrastructure to support easy use and management of a large shared (tiled) display. Through this shared display space, instructor and student interaction is facilitated. This large display space provides the primary means of presentation of lecture material, allowing

Patrick E. Mantey; Jeremy Richards

126

Market Brief In today's highly mobile and social environment, the classroom  

E-print Network

Market Brief In today's highly mobile and social environment, the classroom experience may Conferencing: Voice, Web, Video UC Market Brief - AT&T Connect for Education and timely news contact your AT&T Representative, visit us at www.att.com/ATTConnect, or follow us on Twitter

Fisher, Kathleen

127

Associations between Chinese Language classroom environments and students' motivation to learn the language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between the nature of Chinese Language Classroom Environments and Singapore secondary school students' motivation to learn the Chinese Language were investigated. A sample of 1,460 secondary three (grade 9) students from 50 express stream (above average academic ability) classes in Singapore government secondary schools was involved in the study. The perceptual measure approach was used to investigate the nature

Siew Lian Chua

2009-01-01

128

Learner-Responsive Instructional Strategies for Adults in Accelerated Classroom Formats: Creating Inclusive Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was focused on investigating inclusive learning environments in accelerated classroom formats. Three 8-week sections of an undergraduate course at Regis University were examined. Results from observations and surveys were analyzed to determine the effectiveness and consistency of 13 inclusive strategies derived from Wlodkowski and…

Gupta, Kalpana

2012-01-01

129

The teaching voice on the learning platform: seeking classroom climates within a virtual learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

University staff are now encouraged to supplement their classroom activity with computer?based tools and resources accessible through virtual learning environments (VLEs). Meanwhile, university students increasingly make recreational use of computer networks in the form of various social software applications. This paper explores tensions of presentation and communication between these two contexts. Through analysing a large number of course websites, the

Charles Crook; Robert Cluley

2009-01-01

130

Cross-Cultural Interface Design and the Classroom-Learning Environment in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether using localized interface designs would make a difference in users' learning results and their perceptions of the interface design in a classroom learning environment. This study also sought to learn more about users' attitudes toward the localized interface features. To assess the impact of using localized interfaces…

Chang, Chia-Lin; Su, Yelin

2012-01-01

131

Single-Sex School Boys' Perceptions of Coeducational Classroom Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews in many countries have found little evidence of consistent advantages in either single-sex education or coeducation. Over the last three decades, coeducation has been introduced into many single-sex schools, but there is a dearth of evidence from the student perspective of the impact of such changes on the classroom learning environment.…

Yates, Shirley M.

2011-01-01

132

The Electronic Classroom: A Handbook for Education in the Electronic Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores emerging technologies and their use in secondary and higher education and in private, corporate, and government training environments. In addition to providing specific classroom applications of technology, the book treats issues of research, technology assessment, legal, copyright, and privacy rights, ethical considerations,…

Boschmann, Erwin, Ed.

133

Virtual Classrooms: STAR Simulator Building Virtual Environments for Teacher Training in Effective Classroom Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this project is to create research in teacher education that positively impacts teacher recruitment, preparation and retention in urban environments. The novel approach we are using to attack this problem is that of capturing, analyzing, synthesizing and simulating human interactions in Mixed Reality (part real, part synthetic) environments, thereby creating training\\/screening settings that are realistic and yet

Lisa Dieker; Michael Hynes; Christopher Stapleton; Charles Hughes

134

Research on Developing the Student's Argumentation Skills in On-Line and Traditional Classroom Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigates the effects of developing students' argumentation skills in traditional classroom learning context and on-line learning environment in two classes comprising 21- to 23-year-old university students in China. The results tentatively indicate that the short term study intervention helped students to promote their argumentation skills in both learning environments. But different kinds of argumentation skills were developed in

Yang Qingzhen

2010-01-01

135

Psychosocial work environment, interpersonal violence at work and psychotropic drug use among correctional officers.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to establish the prevalence of psychotropic drug use, measure the association between job strain, extrinsic efforts-rewards ratio, interpersonal violence and psychotropic drug use among officers working in correctional facilities in the province of Quebec in Canada. This study also examined if interpersonal violence at work is an intermediate factor in the causal chain between psychosocial risk factors at work and psychotropic drug use. A cross-sectional study was performed which included 1288 Quebec correctional officers. The participants answered a self-administered questionnaire in 2007 assessing psychological demands, decision latitude, extrinsic efforts, rewards, overcommitment, intimidation, psychological harassment, social support in the actual job, psychotropic drug use during the month preceding the questionnaire and sociodemographic variables. Binomial regressions were performed for the principal associations and a bootstrap analysis was performed in order to evaluate interpersonal violence as an intermediate factor between psychosocial risk factors at work and psychotropic drug use. The prevalence of psychotropic drug use among correctional officers was 14.7%. The prevalence ratios (PR) for the associations between job strain, extrinsic efforts-rewards ratio, social support from colleagues and supervisors, intimidation and psychological harassment adjusted for age and gender were respectively 1.4 (95% CI 0.9-2.2), 1.6 (95% CI 1.2-2.2), 1.7 (95% CI 1.3-2.3), 1.4 (95% CI 0.9-2.4) and 1.5 (95% CI 1.1-2.0). The value of the indirect effect evaluating psychological harassment as an intermediate factor was not statistically significant (value=0.0087, 95% CI -0.0033 to 0.0207). An imbalanced extrinsic efforts-rewards ratio, low social support from colleagues and supervisors and psychological harassment at work were separately associated with psychotropic drug use among correctional officers. Psychological harassment was not found to be an intermediate factor. PMID:20042239

Lavigne, Eric; Bourbonnais, Renée

2010-01-01

136

Five Classroom Activities for Sustaining a Spiritual Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines five activities that provide an environment conducive to the wholeness of each child and the health of a group: including, attending, embracing, releasing and remaining. Including is hospitality offered to difference, so that each child shows up; attending is a just distribution of attention, so children learn meaningfully;…

Bellous, Joyce

2006-01-01

137

A Land-Water Environment for the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and details the construction of a land-water environment using an aquarium and variety of terrestrial and aquatic materials and organisms. Suggests activities such as identification of organisms, observation of predator-prey interactions, construction of food webs, and recognition of interdependence of biotic and abiotic factors. (CS)

Barman, Charles R.

1977-01-01

138

Exploring the Complexity of Classroom Management: 8 Components of Managing a Highly Productive, Safe, and Respectful Urban Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a learning environment where all students can thrive academically requires an understanding of the complexities of classroom management. The notions of "discipline," "conformity" and "obedience" that have littered discussions of classroom management in the past are no longer sufficient to describe the diverse…

Jones, Karrie A.; Jones, Jennifer L.; Vermette, Paul J.

2013-01-01

139

Educational and Career Interests in Math: A Longitudinal Examination of the Links between Classroom Environment, Motivational Beliefs, and Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the expectancy-value model, stage-environment fit theory, and self-determination theory, this study examined the longitudinal associations between classroom characteristics, expectancies-values, high school course enrollment, and career aspirations in the domain of math. Data were collected on 3,048 youth who reported on their classroom

Wang, Ming-Te

2012-01-01

140

Parent and student perceptions of classroom learning environment and its association with student outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is distinctive in that parents’ perceptions were utilised in conjunction with students’ perceptions in investigating\\u000a science classroom learning environments among Grade 4 and 5 students in South Florida. The What Is Happening In this Class?\\u000a (WIHIC) questionnaire was modified for young students and their parents and administered to 520 students and 120 parents.\\u000a Data analyses supported the WIHIC’s

Debra Allen; Barry J. Fraser

2007-01-01

141

Psychosocial learning environments and the mediating effect of personal meaning upon satisfaction with education  

E-print Network

of self-regulation, motivation, and achievement in academic1998). Academic values and achievement motivation. In P. T.academic efficacy will be affected by their perceptions of their learning environments, which in turn influences motivation and

Smith, Prapanna Randall

2010-01-01

142

Psychosocial stress and infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental, theoretical, psychological, and economic barriers have caused physicians to rely on biomedical treatments for\\u000a infertility at the exclusion of more environmentally oriented ones (e.g., psychosocial stress therapy). An evolutionary model\\u000a is described for the origin of reproductive failure, suggesting why mammals evolved to be reproductively responsive to the\\u000a environment and why psychosocial stress should have an especially strong impact

Samuel K. Wasser

1994-01-01

143

A qualitative study of the interactions among the psychosocial work environment and family, community and services for workers with low mental health  

PubMed Central

Background The psychosocial work environment can benefit and harm mental health. Poor psychosocial work environments and high level work-family conflict are both associated with poor mental health, yet little is known about how people with poor mental health manage the interactions among multiple life domains. This study explores the interfaces among paid work, family, community and support services and their combined effects on mental health. Methods We conducted 21 in-depth semi-structured interviews with people identified as having poor mental health to examine their experiences of paid employment and mental health and wellbeing in the context of their daily lives. Results The employment-related psychosocial work environment, particularly workplace relationships, employment security and degree of control over hours, strongly affected participants’ mental health. The interfaces among the life domains of family, community and access to support services suggest that effects on mental health differ according to: time spent in each domain, the social, psychological and physical spaces where domain activities take place, life stage and the power available to participants in their multiple domains. This paper is based on a framework analysis of all the interviews, and vignettes of four cases. Cases were selected to represent different types of relationships among the domains and how interactions among them either mitigated and/or exacerbated mental health effects of psychosocial work environments. Conclusions Examining domain interactions provides greater explanatory capacity for understanding how people with low mental health manage their lives than restricting the research to the separate impacts of the psychosocial work environment or work-family conflict. The extent to which people can change the conditions under which they engage in paid work and participate in family and social life is significantly affected by the extent to which their employment position affords them latitude. Policies that provide psychosocial protections to workers that enable them to make changes or complaints without detrimental repercussions (such as vilification or job loss) and increase access to welfare benefits and support services could improve mental health among people with paid work. These policies would have particularly important effects for those in lower socioeconomic status positions. PMID:24004446

2013-01-01

144

Stressors, Family Environment and Coping Styles as Predictors of Educational and Psychosocial Adjustment in Palestinian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions of child and parents' sociodemographics, daily stressors, family environment, and coping strategies, to academic achievement, cognitive functioning and aggression in a sample of 600 children at the intermediate grade levels from Gaza Strip. Each of the predictor variables exhibited a different pattern…

Khamis, Vivian

2013-01-01

145

Changing the Metacognitive Orientation of a Classroom Environment to Enhance Students' Metacognition Regarding Chemistry Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns persist regarding science classroom learning environments and the lack of development of students' metacognition and reasoning processes within such environments. Means of shaping learning environments so that students are encouraged to develop their metacognition are required in order to enhance students' reasoning and…

Thomas, Gregory P.; Anderson, David

2014-01-01

146

Identifying Exemplary Science Teachers through Students' Perceptions of Their Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine students' psychosocial perceptions of their science classroom learning environment in order to identify exemplary teachers. This mixed-method study used the valid and reliable What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) questionnaire with over 3,000 middle school students in 150 classrooms in Australia.…

Waldrip, Bruce G.; Fisher, Darrell L.; Dorman, Jeffrey

2009-01-01

147

Dimensions of Classroom Instruction: A Programmatic Approach to the Description of the Classroom Environment. Planning Report No. 5076.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ongoing research project, Dimensions of Classroom Instruction (DCI) is described. The primary data source is a study of reading in nine second-grade classrooms using such observation techniques as categorical observation, ethnographic observation, and videotaping. Three major objectives for the project are stated: 1) developing methods of…

Clements, R. O.

148

Classroom Management in Diverse Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management continues to be a serious concern for teachers and especially in urban and diverse learning environments. The authors present the culturally responsive classroom management practices of two teachers from an urban and diverse middle school to extend the construct, culturally responsive classroom management. The principles that…

Milner, H. Richard, IV; Tenore, F. Blake

2010-01-01

149

Prospective Elementary Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science and Perceptions of the Classroom Learning Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated prospective elementary teachers' understandings of the nature of science and explored associations with their guided-inquiry science learning environment. Over 500 female students completed the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Survey (NSKS), although only four scales were analyzed-Creative, Testable, Amoral, and Unified. The learning environment was assessed using previously-validated and reliable scales from What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) and the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI). Analyses indicated moderate multiple correlations that were statistically significant ( p < 0.01) between Creative (R = 0.22), Testable (R = 0.29), and Unified (R = 0.27), and a positive learning environment. Regression coefficients revealed that Open-Endedness was a significant independent predictor of students' understanding of the role of creativity in science (? = 0.16), while Cooperation, Open-Endedness, and Material Environment were linked with understanding the testable nature of science (? = 0.10-0.12). Interview questions probed possible relationships between an improved understanding of the nature of science and elements of a positive classroom environment. Responses suggested that an appropriate level of open-endedness during investigations was very important as this helped students grapple with abstract nature of science concepts and shift their conceptions closer to a more realistic view of scientific practice.

Martin-Dunlop, Catherine S.

2013-06-01

150

Classroom Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 5-minute video a mathematics teacher demonstrates how she incorporates accessibility strategies into her physical classroom environment. Several details are shown about the organization and management of a math classroom with a view toward accessibility, expectations, kinesthetic involvement, and a positive environment.

Teacherline

2012-01-01

151

Analyzing the Classroom Teachers' Levels of Creating a Constructivist Learning Environments in Terms of Various Variables: A Mersin Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, it was aimed to analyze the classroom teachers' level of creating a constructivist learning environment in terms of various variables. For that purpose, relational screening model was used in the research. Classroom teachers' level of creating a constructivist learning environment was determined using the…

Üredi, Lütfi

2014-01-01

152

A Typology of Chemistry Classroom Environments: Exploring the Relationships between 10th Grade Students' Perceptions, Attitudes and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was the first in Greece in which educational effectiveness theory constituted a knowledge base for investigating the impact of chemistry classroom environment in 10 Grade students' enjoyment of class. An interpretive heuristic schema was developed and utilised in order to incorporate two factors of teacher behaviour at…

Giallousi, M.; Gialamas, V.; Pavlatou, E. A.

2013-01-01

153

Evaluation of thermal comfort conditions in a classroom equipped with radiant cooling systems and subjected to uniform convective environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work is to evaluate numerically the human thermal response that 24 students and 1 teacher feel in a classroom equipped with radiant cooling systems and subjected to uniform convective environments, in lightly warm conditions. The evolution of thermal comfort conditions, using the PMV index, is made by the multi-nodal human thermal comfort model.In this numerical model,

Eusébio Z. E. Conceição; M Lúcio

2011-01-01

154

Differences in Beginning Special Education Teachers: The Influence of Personal Attributes, Preparation, and School Environment on Classroom Reading Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research exists to help us understand why some beginning special education teachers of reading engage in more effective classroom practices than others. Factors that may influence these differences include personal attributes, preparation, and school environment. This mixed-methods study examined beginning special education teachers (N =…

Bishop, Anne G.; Brownell, Mary T.; Klingner, Janette K.; Leko, Melinda M.; Galman, Sally A. C.

2010-01-01

155

Examining Hong Kong Students' Achievement Goals and Their Relations with Students' Perceived Classroom Environment and Strategy Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined Hong Kong students' achievement goals and their relations with students' perceived classroom environment and strategy use based on the multiple goal perspective of goal orientation theory. A total of 925 Grade 8 students from six secondary schools in Hong Kong voluntarily responded to a questionnaire that measured these three…

Lau, Kit-Ling; Lee, John

2008-01-01

156

An Application of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction and College and University Classroom Environment Inventory in a Multicultural Tertiary Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research reported in this inquiry consisted of the application of two classroom learning environment questionnaires developed in a Western context to a culturally diverse context, namely, the Pacific Islands. The College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI) and Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) instruments were administered to intact classes of first- and second-year science students ( n= 257) at a regional university in the Pacific Islands, containing a total of 12 ethnicities. The data reveal that the QTI instrument holds good reliability for all scales, whereas the CUCEI holds reliability for only two scales. This may be due to the simple nature of the questions on the QTI whereas the questions on the CUCEI require more interpretation, the latter exacerbated by the fact that English is a second or third language for most participants. Surprisingly, there were few differences in perceptions of teacher student interaction based on ethnicity, but substantial differences based on gender. As reported in previous classroom environment research at the secondary school level, in this study, females perceived their environment more favourably than males. The data for the QTI reveal that the students perceive their classrooms to be highly teacher dominated, consistent with previous naturalistic studies of secondary schools and exploratory studies at the tertiary level in Fiji. Since almost all the graduates from this institution become science teachers, a cycle is completed.

Coll, Richard K.; Taylor, Neil; Fisher, Darrell L.

2002-02-01

157

Comparison of Preschoolers' Narratives, the Classroom Book Environment, and Teacher Attitudes toward Literacy Practices in Korea and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Korean and U.S. preschoolers' personal and fictional narratives, their classroom book environments, and their teachers' attitudes about reading aloud. The participants were 70 Korean and American 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in 2 university lab preschools and their 4 teachers. The structures and content of the preschoolers'…

Lee, Young-Ja; Lee, Jeehyun; Han, Myae; Schickedanz, Judith A.

2011-01-01

158

Identifying students’ perceptions of the important classroom features affecting learning aspects of a design-based learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across several decades, educational researchers have investigated the contribution of the learning environment to the attainment\\u000a of educational goals, such as improving academic achievement and motivation to learn. The term learning environment not only\\u000a includes physical activities in the classroom (e.g. experiments kits, computers), but also includes teaching methods, the\\u000a type of learning in which pupils are engaged, and assessment

Yaron Doppelt; Christian D. Schunn

2008-01-01

159

Classroom emotional climate as a moderator of anxious solitary children's longitudinal risk for peer exclusion: a child × environment model.  

PubMed

This study tests the ability of classroom emotional climate to moderate anxious solitary children's risk for peer exclusion over a 3-year period from 3rd through 5th grade. Six hundred eighty-eight children completed peer nominations for anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall and spring semesters of each grade, and observations of classroom emotional climate were conducted at the same time points. Results revealed a positive relation between anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall semester of each grade. However, in classrooms with supportive versus unsupportive emotional climates, this relation demonstrated a different pattern of change from fall to spring semesters. In classrooms with supportive emotional climates, children with high versus low levels of anxious solitude experienced relative elevation in fall peer exclusion, but this disappeared by the spring, such that spring peer exclusion levels were equalized among children who differed in anxious solitude. This result is consistent with hypotheses guided by the Child × Environment model. However, in classrooms with unsupportive emotional climates, results did not conform to expectations that children with high anxious solitude would experience stable or increased peer exclusion over time. PMID:21688897

Avant, Tamara Spangler; Gazelle, Heidi; Faldowski, Richard

2011-11-01

160

Safe Science Facilities: Reviewing Factors that Affect Classroom Environment, Curriculum, and Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers often have two different curricula--the ideal framework on paper and the real, day-to-day instructional program that occurs in the classroom. A number of factors can affect how much of that ideal framework is accomplished. For example, how a facility is designed and how space is used can affect student achievement, classroom

Texley, Juliana

2005-01-01

161

RESEARCH IN CLASSROOM THERMAL ENVIRONMENT AT GARDENHILL SCHOOL IN LA MIRADA, CALIFORNIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS IS A FINAL REPORT OF A STUDY OVER A FOURTEEN MONTH PERIOD FROM APRIL, 1959 TO JUNE, 1960 OF HEATING AND COOLING TWO SCHOOL CLASSROOMS AND A COMPARISON WITH A THIRD CLASSROOM IN WHICH THERE WAS HEATING AND FRESH AIR CIRCULATION ONLY. ALL THREE ROOMS HAD AN AIR-FLOW DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. A TYPHOON HEAT PUMP PROVIDED HEATING AND COOLING IN ONE…

HOWATT, CLARKE T.

162

Using Academic Notebooks to Support Achievement and Promote Positive Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notebooks are commonly used in middle school classrooms as a place for students to record information delivered via lecture, classroom discussion, or independent work. A primary reason teachers ask students to use notebooks is to capture and organize information. In many cases, students are expected to use these tools with little direction,…

Rheingold, Alison; LeClair, Caitlin; Seaman, Jayson

2013-01-01

163

English Language Learners' and Non-English Language Learners' Perceptions of the Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the degree to which English language learners' (ELL) descriptions of classroom supports for learning are similar to or different from the descriptions of non-ELL students. Specifically, the study compared the classroom perceptions of ELL students and general education students using the "ClassMaps Survey" (CMS), which includes…

LeClair, Courtney; Doll, Beth; Osborn, Allison; Jones, Kristin

2009-01-01

164

Combining an Exciting Classroom Learning Environment with an Effective Computerized Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagine a computerized learning management system that enables teachers to deliver pertinent learning materials to students. Lectures are prerecorded and made available to download from the learning management system. If all their lectures were prerecorded, what would teachers do in the classroom? Classroom time could be used to coordinate…

Hallam, Teresa A.; Hallam, Stephen F.

2009-01-01

165

Classroom Discipline. Research Roundup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research in classroom discipline tends to show that discipline is a by-product of effective instruction and classroom management. The five publications reviewed in this annotated bibliography explore aspects of the complex classroom environment that relate to student discipline. Walter Doyle's chapter on "Classroom Organization and…

Bielefeldt, Talbot

1989-01-01

166

PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSESSMENT AND SURVEILLANCE  

E-print Network

DISASTER PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSESSMENT AND SURVEILLANCE TOOLKIT (Disaster-PAST) Methods to Enhance Ethics and Privacy in Psychosocial Assessment .................................................... 26 .......................................................................... 64 Psychosocial Assessment and Surveillance as an Evaluation Tool ...................... 65 Outcome

167

Tips from the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six classroom tips for language teachers focus on creating a congenial classroom environment, integrating listening and reading skills, teaching idioms from tabloid newspapers, cooperative learning in honors courses, grammar games, and teaching culture through personalized automobile license plate messages. (MDM)

Hess, Natalie; And Others

1995-01-01

168

The "Intelligent Classroom": Changing Teaching and Learning with an Evolving Technological Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and use of the Intelligent Classroom collaborative project at McGill University that explored technology use to improve teaching and learning. Explains the hardware and software installation that allows for the automated capture of audio, video, slides, and handwritten annotations during a live lecture, with subsequent…

Winer, Laura R.; Cooperstock, Jeremy

2002-01-01

169

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure the Socio-Cultural Environment in Science Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of the vital role socio-cultural variables play in science classrooms, researchers are now beginning to call attention to, and encourage serious considerations of the socio- cultural background of pupils which affect their learning and understanding of science. An effective point to begin the empirical study of socio-cultural…

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Okebukola, Peter Akinsola

170

Practice Makes Better? A Study of Meditation Learners in a Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates the effect of length of meditation history on various factors, namely learning motivation, learning outcome and classroom climate. Data were collected from working adult learners (n = 450) attending meditation classes in two large cities in Taiwan. The investigation categorized learners based on meditation experience, namely…

Lin, Chin-Yen; Kuo, Tsung-Hsien; Kuo, Yen-Ku; Kuo, Yen-Lin; Ho, Li-An; Lin, Chien-Ting

2007-01-01

171

Using the Comfortability-in-Learning Scale to Enhance Positive Classroom Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of higher education is to advance learning. This study examined the role "comfortability" plays in that process. Defined as the level of comfort students experience with their classmates, instructor, and course material, comfortability addresses how secure a student feels in the classroom. Comfortability was assessed multiple…

Kiener, Michael; Green, Peter; Ahuna, Kelly

2014-01-01

172

Effects of Amplification, Speechreading, and Classroom Environments on Reception of Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared with 18 hard-of-hearing students (7 to 14-years-old) were two sources of amplification (binaural ear-level hearing aids and R F auditory training units with environmental microphones on) in "ideal" and "typical" classroom noise levels, with and without visual speechreading cues provided. (Author/IM)

Blair, James C.

1977-01-01

173

A Survey of Graduate Social Work Educators: Teaching Perspectives and Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work educators have the challenging task of preparing students to be ethically, morally, and socially responsible professionals. As professionals in the 21st Century, social workers are faced with ever increasing complexity and change. Teaching philosophies are at the foundation of what educators do in the classroom. Research about teaching…

Danhoff, Kristin Lindsay

2012-01-01

174

CONVERTING ASSESSMENT OF TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM ASSIGNMENTS TO THE e-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

While assessment in an e-classroom continues to develop, with a myriad of advantages and disadvantages, it must be explored to provide assistance to e-instructors so that students receive optimal feedback. Assessment is no longer the periodic formal process of exams and graded activities, which may or may not be discussed with the class; it is now in the context of

K. Virginia Hemby; Kelly Wilkinson; Tena B. Crews

175

Phenotypic effects of repeated psychosocial stress during adolescence in mice mutant for the schizophrenia risk gene neuregulin-1: a putative model of gene × environment interaction.  

PubMed

There is a paucity of animal models by which the contributions of environmental and genetic factors to the pathobiology of psychosis can be investigated. This study examined the individual and combined effects of chronic social stress during adolescence and deletion of the schizophrenia risk gene neuregulin-1 (NRG1) on adult mouse phenotype. Mice were exposed to repeated social defeat stress during adolescence and assessed for exploratory behaviour, working memory, sucrose preference, social behaviour and prepulse inhibition in adulthood. Thereafter, in vitro cytokine responses to mitogen stimulation and corticosterone inhibition were assayed in spleen cells, with measurement of cytokine and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA in frontal cortex, hippocampus and striatum. NRG1 mutants exhibited hyperactivity, decreased anxiety, impaired sensorimotor gating and reduced preference for social novelty. The effects of stress on exploratory/anxiety-related parameters, spatial working memory, sucrose preference and basal cytokine levels were modified by NRG1 deletion. Stress also exerted varied effect on spleen cytokine response to concanavalin A and brain cytokine and BDNF mRNA expression in NRG1 mutants. The experience of psychosocial stress during adolescence may trigger further pathobiological features that contribute to the development of schizophrenia, particularly in those with underlying NRG1 gene abnormalities. This model elaborates the importance of gene × environment interactions in the etiology of schizophrenia. PMID:22426432

Desbonnet, Lieve; O'Tuathaigh, Colm; Clarke, Gerard; O'Leary, Claire; Petit, Emilie; Clarke, Niamh; Tighe, Orna; Lai, Donna; Harvey, Richard; Cryan, John F; Dinan, Timothy G; Waddington, John L

2012-05-01

176

Improving classroom learning environments by Cultivating Awareness and Resilience in Education (CARE): results of a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

Cultivating Awareness and Resilience in Education (CARE for Teachers) is a mindfulness-based professional development program designed to reduce stress and improve teachers' performance and classroom learning environments. A randomized controlled trial examined program efficacy and acceptability among a sample of 50 teachers randomly assigned to CARE or waitlist control condition. Participants completed a battery of self-report measures at pre- and postintervention to assess the impact of the CARE program on general well-being, efficacy, burnout/time pressure, and mindfulness. Participants in the CARE group completed an evaluation of the program after completing the intervention. ANCOVAs were computed between the CARE group and control group for each outcome, and the pretest scores served as a covariate. Participation in the CARE program resulted in significant improvements in teacher well-being, efficacy, burnout/time-related stress, and mindfulness compared with controls. Evaluation data showed that teachers viewed CARE as a feasible, acceptable, and effective method for reducing stress and improving performance. Results suggest that the CARE program has promise to support teachers working in challenging settings and consequently improve classroom environments. PMID:24015983

Jennings, Patricia A; Frank, Jennifer L; Snowberg, Karin E; Coccia, Michael A; Greenberg, Mark T

2013-12-01

177

Technology Tools, A Web-Based Learning Environment for the Science and Mathematics Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TechTools™ is a professional development program for science and mathematics teachers for purposes of promoting a constructivist pedagogy with modern technologies: probeware, image processing, multimedia, e-mail, and the WWW. We report preliminary results on (1) changes in teachers' use of technology tools, classroom pedagogy and attitude, and (2) systemic ingredients which are catalytic and inhibitors to the technology reformation necessary in the educational system.

Meisner, Gerald W.; Hoffman, Harol

178

Psychosocial work environment related health in Swedish oral and maxillofacial surgery in comparison with other human service workers.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to describe how the employees of OMFS clinics in Sweden perceive their health, to compare with female unpromoted general practice dentists and other human service groups and to explore the dimensionality of the health measure. Data were collected by way of a questionnaire with 67 questions, related to quality management at the clinic, working situation, questions about the content of "good work", the connection between physical environment and health, emphasis on physical environment. 22 clinics with 297 employees responded, 65% of the clinics and 86% of the employees. The results showed that employees of OMFS clinics in Sweden perceived their health as rather problematic. In comparison, the present study group placed itself between general practice dentists and other human service groups as to their health. Three factors explained more than half of the variance of symptoms. They were interpreted as (1) psychosomatic troubles, (2) somatic troubles, and (3) muscle and joint troubles. These factors were almost the same as previously reported, confirming the basic dimensionality of the question battery. This study has shown that OMFS employees are feeling unhealthy, but no worse than other high-risk-groups in human service working situation and better than female general practice dentists. The women among OMFS employees felt worse than the men. Three factors of symptoms could be established, i.e. psychosomatic troubles, somatic troubles, and muscle and joint troubles. PMID:18540518

Pilgård, Göran; Söderfeldt, Björn; Hjalmers, Karin; Rosenquist, Jan

2008-01-01

179

A social ecology of hyperactive boys: medication effects in structured classroom environments.  

PubMed Central

Hyperactive boys on methylphenidate (Ritalin), hyperactive boys on placebo, and comparison boys were observed in quasi-naturalistic classroom settings. Ambient stimulation (quiet versus noisy conditions) and source of regulation (self-paced versus other-paced activities) were varied in a 2 x 2 design. Compared to their peers, hyperactive boys on placebo showed lower rates of task attention and higher rates of gross motor movement, regular and negative verbalization, noise-making, physical contact, social initiation, disruption, and acts that were perceived as energetic, inappropriate, or unexpected. Self-paced activities resulted in increased rates of verbalization, social initiation, and high-energy episodes. High ambient noise levels reduced task attention and increased the rates of many other behaviors including verbalization, physical contact, gross motor movement, and high-energy acts. Medication-by-situation interactions emerged for both classroom dimensions, with hyperactive boys on placebo being readily distinguishable from their peers under some classroom conditions and indistinguishable under other conditions. Moderate relationships were found between teacher ratings and many individual behavior categories. Discussion focused on (a) the merits and limitations of a social ecological research perspective, and (b) the implications of these findings for the design of intervention strategies. PMID:468749

Whalen, C K; Henker, B; Collins, B E; Finck, D; Dotemoto, S

1979-01-01

180

The Effects of Physical Environment on Children's Behavior in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No significant difference of student-concrete physical environment interaction occurred with a change in physical environment. A test was made on five null hypotheses related to the change of physical environment and (1) student-concrete physical environment interaction; (2) environmental preference by students; (3) student attending behavior; (4)…

Gingold, William

181

Assessing culturally sensitive factors in the learning environment of science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As schools are becoming increasingly diverse in their scope and clientele, any examination of the interaction of culturally sensitive factors of students' learning environments with learning science assumes critical importance. The purpose of this exploratory study was to develop an instrument to assess learning environment factors that are culturally sensitive, to provide initial validation information on the instrument and to examine associations between students' perceptions of their learning environments and their attitudes towards science and achievement of enquiry skills. A measure of these factors of science student's learning environment, namely the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ), was developed from past learning environment instruments and influenced by Hofstede's four dimensions of culture (Power Distance, Uncertainty Avoidance, Individualism, and Masculinity/Femininity). The reliability and discriminant validity for each scale were obtained and associations between learning environment, attitude to science and enquiry skills achievement were found.

Fisher, Darrell L.; Waldrip, Bruce G.

1997-03-01

182

Psychosocial Interventions to Improve the School Performance of Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.  

PubMed

Children with ADHD typically show impairments throughout the school day. A number of interventions have been demonstrated to address both the academic and behavioral impairments associated with this disorder. Although the focus of research has been on classroom-based strategies of intervention for children with ADHD, school-based interventions applicable for non-classroom environments such as lunchrooms and playgrounds are beginning to emerge. This paper provides a brief description of the guiding principles of behavioral intervention, identifies selected strategies to address behavioral and academic concerns, discusses how school contextual factors have an effect on intervention selection and implementation, and considers the effects of using psychosocial interventions in combination with medication. PMID:21152355

Tresco, Katy E; Lefler, Elizabeth K; Power, Thomas J

2010-08-01

183

Psychosocial Interventions to Improve the School Performance of Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

PubMed Central

Children with ADHD typically show impairments throughout the school day. A number of interventions have been demonstrated to address both the academic and behavioral impairments associated with this disorder. Although the focus of research has been on classroom-based strategies of intervention for children with ADHD, school-based interventions applicable for non-classroom environments such as lunchrooms and playgrounds are beginning to emerge. This paper provides a brief description of the guiding principles of behavioral intervention, identifies selected strategies to address behavioral and academic concerns, discusses how school contextual factors have an effect on intervention selection and implementation, and considers the effects of using psychosocial interventions in combination with medication. PMID:21152355

Tresco, Katy E.; Lefler, Elizabeth K.; Power, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

184

Caring Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for creating caring, positive classroom environments from the start include hanging pictures of people from around the world with mirrors to promote reflection, making signs that present concepts about rights, and creating name cards for saving work in progress. Questions for teachers to ask before school begins are included. (SM)

Kreidler, William J.

1996-01-01

185

From the Field to the Classroom: A Web-Based Teaching Tool on Depositional Environments and Landscape Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between sedimentary deposits, landforms and soil profile development is difficult for students to grasp in a conventional classroom setting. The ideal way to solve this is to take the students on extended field trips; however, field trips are expensive, have to be conducted during specific time periods, and can only handle a limited number of students. The objective of this project was to bring the field to the classroom via a virtual, dynamic web-based teaching tool illustrating common depositional environments and associated landforms and soils. The teaching tool was largely based on video footage obtained in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and in the grasslands of the southern interior of British Columbia. The Canadian Rockies are undergoing rapid deglaciation and provided excellent examples of new glacial deposits and early landscape development processes. On the other hand, British Columbia's grasslands became ice-free about 10,000 years ago and were used to illustrate landscape evolution and post-glaciation soil profile development. To bring these two environments together, video footage of corresponding landforms was shot at both locations and edited into a series of short video clips illustrating the link between depositional processes, resulting landforms and soils and their post-glacial evolution. Soil scientists, survey specialists and geomorphologists provided live commentary. The teaching tool (http://soilweb.landfood.ubc.ca/landscape/) is an open-access website merging video clips, sound recordings, text, photos and graphics intended to help students situate landforms within their geomorphologic context. This online teaching resource allows students to observe, on their own time, conditions under which sediments are deposited and soils are formed, and to witness the transformation of a barren, glacial landscape into a vegetated soil landscape. The tool can be used in various geomorphology, soil, agriculture, forestry, and natural resource management courses. An interactive overview of the tool will be given during the presentation.

Krzic, M.; Watson, K.; Grand, S.; Crowley, C.; Dyanatkar, S.; Bomke, A.; Smith, S.

2012-04-01

186

Turning Passive Lectures into Interactive Learning Environments with a Classroom Communication System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We report on the potential of a classroom communication system called Classtalk as both a research and an instructional tool. With Classtalk, a central computer under the control of the instructor is networked to palm-top computers, each shared by 2-4 users. A video projection unit displays questions or tasks for students to work on collaboratively or individually. Responses to the questions/tasks are entered on the palm-top and immediately displayed to the entire class. We will discuss how Classtalk empowers both the instructor and the students. More specifically, we will discuss: 1) How we are using research findings to devise instructional strategies with Classtalk, 2) How Classtalk can be used as a research tool to explore not only students' conceptual understanding, but also the dynamics of cooperative learning, and 3) students' views and attitudes about Classtalk.

Mestre, Jose P.; Gerace, William J.; Dufresne, Robert J.; Leonard, William J.

2006-06-22

187

Maintaining Discipline in Classroom Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document focuses on classroom discipline and how the teacher can maintain an environment that will optimize appropriate learning. Part 1 defines classroom discipline. Part 2 discusses classroom misbehavior and describes a number of classroom management techniques. Part 3 offers suggestions for control techniques. Part 4 discusses techniques…

Gnagey, William J.

188

Investigation of Teachers' Verbal and Non-Verbal Strategies for Managing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Students' Behaviours within a Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigated teachers' verbal and non-verbal strategies for managing ADHD students in a classroom environment. It was found that effective verbal and non-verbal strategies included voice control, short phrases, repeated instructions, using students' names, and visual cues and verbal instructions combined. It has been found that…

Geng, Gretchen

2011-01-01

189

Kindergarten Students' and Parents' Perceptions of Science Classroom Environments: Achievement and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, involving the modification, validation and use of a learning environment questionnaire for both kindergarten students and their parents, is significant because prior learning environment research has normally involved neither parents nor such young students. A questionnaire, which was based on the What Is Happening In this Class? and…

Robinson, Esther; Fraser, Barry J.

2013-01-01

190

Differences in Socio-Cultural Environment Perceptions Associated with Gender in Science Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An amount of learning outcome variance has been attributed to the environment in which teaching and learning are conducted. The intent of this study was to examine the influence of five aspects of the socio-cultural environment in science classes with particular reference to how these are perceived by boys and by girls. The 30-item Socio-Cultural…

Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Okebukola, Peter Akinsola O.

191

Classroom Learning Environment & Student Motivational Differences between Exemplary, Recognized, & Acceptable Urban Middle Level Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the essential principles for improving middle grade education is to establish a safe and healthy school environment (Jackson & Davis, 2000; Price & Waxman, 2005). The overall quality of the school climate or school environment has been argued to be one of the central problems of urban schools (Waxman & Huang, 1997). Several studies, for…

Waxman, Hersh C.; Garcia, Andres; Read, Lisa L.

2008-01-01

192

Chronic Psychosocial Stress and Hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic and behavioral factors do not fully explain the development of hypertension, and there is increasing evidence suggesting\\u000a that psychosocial factors may also play an important role. Exposure to chronic stress has been hypothesized as a risk factor\\u000a for hypertension, and occupational stress, stressful aspects of the social environment, and low socioeconomic status have\\u000a each been studied extensively. The study

Tanya M. Spruill

2010-01-01

193

Health problems and psychosocial work environment as predictors of long term sickness absence in employees who visited the occupational physician and/or general practitioner in relation to work: a prospective study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To determine whether psychosocial work environment and indicators of health problems are prospectively related to incident long term sickness absence in employees who visited the occupational physician (OP) and/or general practitioner (GP) in relation to work. Methods: The baseline measurement (May 1998) of the Maastricht Cohort Study, a prospective cohort study among 45 companies and organisations, was used to select employees at work who indicated having visited the OP and/or GP in relation to work. Self report questionnaires were used to measure indicators of health problems (presence of at least one long term disease, likeliness of having a mental illness, fatigue) and psychosocial work environment (job demands, decision latitude, social support, job satisfaction) as predictors of subsequent sickness absence. Sickness absence data regarding total numbers of sickness absence days were obtained from the companies and occupational health services during an 18 month period (between 1 July 1998 and 31 December 1999). Complete data were available from 1271 employees. Results: After adjustment for demographics and the other predictors, presence of at least one long term disease (OR 2.36; 95% CI 1.29 to 4.29) and lower level of decision latitude (OR 1.69; 95% CI 1.22 to 2.38) were the strongest predictors for sickness absence of at least one month. A higher likelihood of having a mental illness, a higher level of fatigue, a lower level of social support at work, and low job satisfaction were also significant predictors for long term sickness absence, but their effect was less strong. Conclusion: In detecting employees at work but at risk for long term sickness absence, OPs and GPs should take into account not only influence of the psychosocial work environment in general and level of decision latitude in particular, but also influence of indicators of health problems, especially in the form of long term diseases. PMID:12660378

Andrea, H; Beurskens, A; Metsemakers, J; van Amelsvoort, L G P M; van den Brandt, P A; van Schayck, C P

2003-01-01

194

Classroom Use of Multimedia-Supported Predict Observe Explain Tasks in a Social Constructivist Learning Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on the use of multimedia-based predict-observe-explain (POE) tasks to facilitate small group learning conversations. Although the tasks were given to pairs of students as a diagnostic tool to elicit their pre-instructional physics conceptions, they also provided a peer learning opportunity for students. The study adopted a social constructivist perspective to analyse and interpret the students conversations, focussing on students articulation and justification of their own science conceptions, clarification of and critical reflection on their partners views, and negotiation of new, shared meanings. Two senior science classes participated in this interpretive study. Data sources were mainly qualitative and included audio and video recordings of students small group discussions at the computer, interviews with selected students and their teachers, classroom observations, and student surveys. Findings indicate that the computer-based POE tasks supported students peer learning conversations, particularly during the prediction, reasoning and observation stages of the POE strategy. The increased level of student control of the POE tasks, combined with the multimedia nature of the program, initiated quality peer discussions. The findings have implications for authentic, technology-mediated learning in science.

Kearney, Matthew

2004-08-01

195

The effect of pedagogy informed by constructivism: A comparison of student achievement across constructivist and traditional classroom environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Implicit in the call for educational reform in the teaching of science has been the suggestion that pursuing constructivist principles in science teaching will lead to improvement in student achievement. (Rutherford & Ahlgren, 1990; National Research Council, 1995; NSTA, 1992). The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two types of pedagogy; didactic/traditional and constructivist-informed pedagogy on student achievement. Secondly, this study examined the relationship between students' and teachers' perception of constructivism in classroom environments. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest and delayed posttest quasi-experimental design was used in this study. Subjects involved in this study included two teachers and their respective students from a suburban public school district in the South. The sample consisted of two groups, one taught by traditional/didactic instruction (n = 25) and the other taught by constructivist informed pedagogy (n = 26). Data for this study was collected using the Constructivist Learning Environmental Survey, The Science Classroom Observation Rubric, the Teaching Practices Assessment, and a demographic survey. Ancillary data was collected with the Student Outcome Assessment and interpretive methodologies. The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) (p < .05; pretest as covariate) was used to measure the effects of constructivist informed and traditional pedagogy on student achievement. Student achievement was measured with a researcher-designed pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest. A significance difference was found on the science achievement posttest where the students receiving the traditional pedagogy scored higher than the students taught by the constructivist pedagogy. However, the scores of students receiving constructivist-informed pedagogy showed a slight increase on the delayed posttest, while the traditionally taught students' scores decreased, thus the difference in the achievement of the two groups was diminished over time. A repeated measures ANOVA was used to analyze the ancillary data from the Student Outcome Assessment. (p < .05) Among 51 students tested, those who received the constructivist informed pedagogy had higher retention, approaching significance of the biology concepts tested over time. Ancillary data was used to assist the interpretation of the assessment measurements. Using ratios of students' and teachers' scores of perceived constructivist attributes in their classroom appeared to be an effective way for teachers to compare student perceptions with their own.

Gatlin, Linda Sue

196

Using online pedagogy to explore student experiences of Science-Technology-Society-Environment (STSE) issues in a secondary science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the proliferation of 21st century educational technologies, science teaching and learning with digitally acclimatized learners in secondary science education can be realized through an online Science-Technology-Society-Environment (STSE)-based issues approach. STSE-based programs can be interpreted as the exploration of socially-embedded initiatives in science (e.g., use of genetically modified foods) to promote the development of critical cognitive processes and to empower learners with responsible decision-making skills. This dissertation presents a case study examining the online environment of a grade 11 physics class in an all-girls' school, and the outcomes from those online discursive opportunities with STSE materials. The limited in-class discussion opportunities are often perceived as low-quality discussions in traditional classrooms because they originate from an inadequate introduction and facilitation of socially relevant issues in science programs. Hence, this research suggests that the science curriculum should be inclusive of STSE-based issue discussions. This study also examines the nature of students' online discourse and, their perceived benefits and challenges of learning about STSE-based issues through an online environment. Analysis of interviews, offline classroom events and online threaded discussion transcripts draws from the theoretical foundations of critical reflective thinking delineated in the Practical Inquiry (P.I.) Model. The PI model of Cognitive Presence is situated within the Community of Inquiry framework, encompassing two other core elements, Teacher Presence and Social Presence. In studying Cognitive Presence, the online STSE-based discourses were examined according to the four phases of the P.I. Model. The online discussions were measured at macro-levels to reveal patterns in student STSE-based discussions and content analysis of threaded discussions. These analyses indicated that 87% of the students participated in higher quality STSE-based discussions via an online forum as compared to in-class. The micro-level analysis revealed students to attain higher cognitive interactions with STSE issues. Sixteen percent of the students' threaded postings were identified in the Resolution Phase 4 when the teacher intervened with a focused teaching strategy. This research provides a significant theoretical and pedagogical contribution to blended approach to STSE-based secondary science education. It presents a framework for teachers to facilitate students' online discussions and to support learners in exploring STSE-based topics.

Ayyavoo, Gabriel Roman

197

PUSH(ing) Limits: Using Fiction in the Classroom for Human Behavior and the Social Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of fiction and autobiography in social science course work has been shown to enhance students' learning experience. Using the novel PUSH, by Sapphire, we designed a curriculum supplement for the social work course, human behavior and the social environment (HBSE) that encourages students to integrate course content in an innovative way and…

Mendoza, Natasha S.; Bonta, Kimberly; Horn, Philip; Moore, Erin; Gibson, Allison; Simmons, David

2012-01-01

198

Incorporating Informal Learning Environments and Local Fossil Specimens in Earth Science Classrooms: A Recipe for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an online graduate paleontology course taken by practicing Earth Science teachers, we designed an investigation using teachers' local informal educational environments. Teachers (N = 28) were responsible for photographing, describing, and integrating fossil specimens from two informal sites into a paleoenvironmental analysis of the landscape in…

Clary, Renee M.; Wandersee, James H.

2009-01-01

199

Beyond the Classroom: International Education and the Community College. Volume II: Internationalizing the Campus Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a four-volume set in which community college educators discuss their efforts to internationalize the educational experience of the students and communities they serve, volume II in this series considers the challenges, pitfalls, and rewards of creating campus environments with rich international and intercultural programs and activities.…

Franco, Robert W., Ed.; Shimabukuro, James N., Ed.

200

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must also…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

201

The role of achievement goal orientations in students' perceptions of and preferences for classroom environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Recent research on achievement motivation has begun to examine the effects of environmental factors affecting students' motivational beliefs and goal tendencies. However, when interpreting and applying the results, individual factors underlying students' different perceptions of their learning environment are often ignored. An implicit assumption seems to be that regardless of their dispositional differences (e.g. motivational basis), students will experience

Anna Tapola; Markku Niemivirta

2008-01-01

202

Observations of the Middle School Environment: The Context for Student Behavior beyond the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of an observation system to measure middle school staff practices, environment characteristics, and student behavior in the school common areas. Data were collected at baseline from 18 middle schools participating in a randomized controlled trial of school-wide Positive Behavior Support. The observations were…

Rusby, Julie C.; Crowley, Ryann; Sprague, Jeffrey; Biglan, Anthony

2011-01-01

203

The Role of Achievement Goal Orientations in Students' Perceptions of and Preferences for Classroom Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Recent research on achievement motivation has begun to examine the effects of environmental factors affecting students' motivational beliefs and goal tendencies. However, when interpreting and applying the results, individual factors underlying students' different perceptions of their learning environment are often ignored. An implicit…

Tapola, Anna; Niemivirta, Markku

2008-01-01

204

Incorporating Informal Learning Environments and Local Fossil Specimens in Earth Science Classrooms: A Recipe for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an online graduate paleontology course taken by practicing Earth Science teachers, we designed an investigation using teachers' local informal educational environments. Teachers (N = 28) were responsible for photographing, describing, and integrating fossil specimens from two informal sites into a paleoenvironmental analysis of the landscape in which the fossils were originally deposited. Our practicing teachers also developed mini-units for

Renee M. Clary; James H. Wandersee

2009-01-01

205

Fostering Creativity in Business Education: Developing Creative Classroom Environments To Provide Students with Critical Workplace Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four undergraduate management courses incorporated assignments, class activities and an environment structured to encourage creativity. Survey responses from 75 students indicated that an atmosphere that provided time and rewards for creativity and stimulated risk taking, divergent thinking, cooperation, and questioning of assumptions encouraged…

Driver, Michaela

2001-01-01

206

Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As indicated in recent treatment guidelines, psychosocial treatments play a critical role in the rehabilitation of schizophrenia\\u000a patients. During the past few years, novel psychosocial treatments have emerged expanding the scope of successful outcomes\\u000a and designed to address the specific deficits inherent in schizophrenia. This paper provides a brief description and evaluate\\u000a the efficacy of five new emerging psychosocial treatments

Alan S. Bellack; Seth A. Brown

2001-01-01

207

A mobile e-learning environment for developing countries: the Bangladesh Virtual Interactive Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a project working to improve distance education in Bangladesh by means of a low-cost, large-scale interactive learning environment using video, mobile phones, SMS-based tools administered in a learning management system, and innovative pedagogy based on the student-centered learning model. The paper addresses the question of how to use existing mobile telephony technical infrastructure to create interactive learning

Åke Grönlund; Yousuf M. Islam

2010-01-01

208

Teachers' Attitudes Towards Mainstreaming and Their Pupils' Perceptions of Their Classroom Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the widespread adoption of policies on mainstreaming, and more recently on inclusive education for children and\\u000a young people with special educational needs, little is actually known about the relationship between what teachers think about\\u000a such policies and the type of learning environments that they provide. In this study in New Zealand, a sample of regular primary\\u000a school

Jeremy J. Monsen; Norah Frederickson

2004-01-01

209

Subjective evaluation of speech and noise in learning environments in the realm of classroom acoustics: Results from laboratory and field experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impact of different acoustical conditions in learning environments on noise annoyance and the evaluation of speech quality were tested in a series of three experiments. In Experiment 1 (n=79) the auralization of seven classrooms with reverberation times from 0.55 to 3.21 s [average between 250 Hz to 2 kHz] served to develop a Semantic Differential, evaluating a simulated teacher's voice. Four factors were found: acoustical comfort, roughness, sharpness, and loudness. In Experiment 2, the effects of two classroom renovations were examined from a holistic perspective. The rooms were treated acoustically with acoustic ceilings (RT=0.5 s [250 Hz-2 kHz]) and muffling floor materials as well as non-acoustically with a new lighting system and color design. The results indicate that pupils (n=61) in renovated classrooms judged the simulated voice more positively, were less annoyed from the noise in classrooms, and were more motivated to participate in the lessons. In Experiment 3 the sound environments from six different lecture rooms (RT=0.8 to 1.39 s [250 Hz-2 kHz]) in two Universities of Oldenburg were evaluated by 321 students during the lectures. Evidence found supports the assumption that acoustical comfort in rooms is dependent on frequency for rooms with higher reverberation times.

Meis, Markus; Nocke, Christian; Hofmann, Simone; Becker, Bernhard

2005-04-01

210

Networked Instructional Computers in the Elementary Classroom and Their Effect on the Learning Environment: A Qualitative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…

Keeler, Carolyn M.

1996-01-01

211

Guideline 3: Psychosocial Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third in seven sets of guidelines based on the consensus of experts in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in mental retardation (MR) focuses on psychosocial treatment. Guidelines cover general principles, choosing among psychosocial treatments, severity of MR and psychiatric/behavior symptoms, diagnosable disorders, target…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

212

Health Science Students and Their Learning Environment: A Comparison of Perceptions of On-Site, Remote-Site, and Traditional Classroom Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the responses of on-site, remote-site, and traditional classroom students on measures of student\\/teacher interaction, course structure, physical learning environment, and overall course enjoyment\\/satisfaction. The sample population consisted of students taking undergraduate courses in medical terminology at two western colleges. The survey instrument was derived from Thomerson's questionnaire, which included closed- and open-ended questions assessing perceptions of students

P. Elison-Bowers; Chareen Snelson; Mario Casa de Calvo; Heather Thompson

213

Health science students and their learning environment: a comparison of perceptions of on-site, remote-site, and traditional classroom students.  

PubMed

This study compared the responses of on-site, remote-site, and traditional classroom students on measures of student/teacher interaction, course structure, physical learning environment, and overall course enjoyment/satisfaction. The sample population consisted of students taking undergraduate courses in medical terminology at two western colleges. The survey instrument was derived from Thomerson's questionnaire, which included closed- and open-ended questions assessing perceptions of students toward their courses. Controlling for grade expectations, results revealed no significant differences among the on-site, remote-site, and traditional classroom students in any of the four cluster domains. However, a nonsignificant (and continuing) trend suggested that students preferred the traditional classroom environment. When results were controlled for age, significant differences emerged between traditional and nontraditional students on measures of student/teacher interaction, physical learning environment, and overall enjoyment/satisfaction, as nontraditional students exhibited higher scores. Students' responses to open-ended questions indicated they enjoyed the convenience of online instruction, but reported finding frustration with technology itself. PMID:18311326

Elison-Bowers, P; Snelson, Chareen; Casa de Calvo, Mario; Thompson, Heather

2008-01-01

214

Classroom Emotional Climate as a Moderator of Anxious Solitary Children's Longitudinal Risk for Peer Exclusion: A Child × Environment Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the ability of classroom emotional climate to moderate anxious solitary children's risk for peer exclusion over a 3-year period from 3rd through 5th grade. Six hundred eighty-eight children completed peer nominations for anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall and spring semesters of each grade, and observations of classroom emotional climate were conducted at the same

Tamara Spangler Avant; Heidi Gazelle; Richard Faldowski

2011-01-01

215

[Psychosocial interventions in dementia].  

PubMed

Psychosocial interventions improve cognitive abilities (cognitive stimulation, cognitive training), enhance emotional well-being (activity planning, reminiscence), reduce behavioral symptoms (aromatherapy, music therapy) and promote everyday functioning (occupational therapy). Through these effects they reinforce and augment pharmacological treatments for dementia. In addition, psychosocial interventions complement the treatment of patients by supporting family caregivers (educational groups, support programs). The potential of psychosocial interventions in dementia needs to be explored further in studies using improved methodology to determine effective components, clinical relevance and duration of effects, predictors of individual treatment response and health-economic implications. PMID:23306213

Kurz, A

2013-01-01

216

Group Cohesiveness and Classroom Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores group cohesiveness, class discussion, and group size in relation to classroom environment and the cognitive-personal growth outcomes of classroom learning. Implications are drawn from the research on cohesiveness for teachers who employ open classroom techniques. (Author/SJL)

Stancato, Frank A.

1979-01-01

217

My Classroom Physical Activity Pyramid: A Tool for Integrating Movement into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The classroom teacher is a critical team member of a comprehensive school physical activity program and an activity-friendly school environment. Students spend more time in the classroom than in any other school setting or environment. Classrooms are busy places, and classroom teachers must make decisions about how to make the best use of their…

Orlowski, Marietta; Lorson, Kevin; Lyon, Anna; Minoughan, Susan

2013-01-01

218

A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose physics or physics-related fields for their career choices in the future. A group of approximately 864 male and female students, equally proportioned by gender, were assigned to take part in this study. Two standardized instruments, namely the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA), have been employed to collect data. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyze the collected data resulting from the questionnaires as well as from the interviews. The study found, first, regardless of their gender and grade level differences, students expected a more positive classroom climate during learning physics. Also, it has been found that male students experience a more positive classroom environment than female students. Second, the study found that male students do show more positive attitudes toward physics than their female counterparts. Meanwhile, twelfth-grade students show a more positive attitude toward physics than eleventh-graders. Third, the study found that most female students do not like physics based on several reasons such as physics is a hard, monotonous and boring subject. Although eleventh-grade female students do not like physics, most of them intended to choose science as their major in the next grade. Surprisingly, a majority of twelfth-grade female students who are majoring in science have no intention to choose physics or physics-related subjects either for their prospective major at the university or for their career choices in the future.

Chaerul, Andrie

219

Students' perception of a discussion-driven classroom environment in an upper-level ruminant nutrition course with small enrollment.  

PubMed

This 3-yr classroom research project studied students' perception of the learning environment when class time was reserved primarily for discussion of preassigned reading material as an alternative to a lecture in ruminant nutrition. A student-assessment-of-learning-gain instrument with 46 items was administered anonymously as a survey 3-wk into the semester and as a course evaluation at the end of the semester. Scores, collected on a scale of 1 to 10, were analyzed to determine differences between survey and evaluation, the variation due to student cohort (years 2003, 2004, and 2005), and student standing (undergraduate or graduate) for 5 selected items: item 1 = My level of interest/ curiosity for nutrition is; item 17 = The reading assignments help me learn; item 18 = The in-class discussions help me learn; item 24 = I would prefer the professor lecture; item 38 = I am learning a lot in this class. Although students indicated a preference to using class time for discussion rather than lecture, the degree of consensus was low, as 10% of scores indicated a strong desire for lecture, whereas another 10% indicated strong opposition to lecture. Reading assignments and in-class discussions contributed positively to the perception of learning and both were correlated positively with level of interest in the topic. In the evaluation, the desire for lecture was correlated negatively with level of interest in the topic and the self-assessed level of learning. Students reported a greater interest in the topic at the end of the semester than at wk 3; however, the self-reported learning gains from discussion-related activities varied with student cohort. Graduate students reported a higher interest, more learning from discussion-related activities, and less desire for lecture than undergraduates. Although graduate students were more impervious to the discussion format, undergraduates perceived more learning if the discussion was student-centered (i.e., focused on their questions and answers), rather than subject-centered (i.e., focused on the paper content). PMID:16357299

Wattiaux, M A; Crump, P

2006-01-01

220

Classroom Management: What Does Research Tell Us?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reviews studies that focus on classroom management. The aim of classroom management is twofold. The first is to establish a quiet and calm environment in the classroom so that the pupils can take part in meaningful learning in a subject. The second aim is that classroom management contributes to the pupils' social and moral…

Postholm, May Britt

2013-01-01

221

Thursday's Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every Thursday, this NASA-created learning resource presents a new topic with the aim of providing "a lasting connection between NASA's latest research and the classroom environment." Prior lesson topics have included the recent solar eclipse, the Mars Polar Lander, and organisms that survive in extreme conditions and their implications for the possibility of extraterrestrial life. For each lesson, there are links to news reports and a range of lesson plans and activity sheets designed for different age groups. The site also contains an archive/ schedule of prior and future lessons.

222

Associate of Science Degree in Psychosocial Rehabilitation  

E-print Network

Associate of Science Degree in Psychosocial Rehabilitation Bachelor of Science Degree of the Profession Frequently Asked Questions Psychosocial Rehab FAQs & Coursework Psychosocial Rehab & Psychology: theAssociateofSciencedegreeinPsychosocialRehabilitationand the

Cheng, Mei-Fang

223

Patterns of Control over the Teaching-Studying-Learning Process and Classrooms as Complex Dynamic Environments: A Theoretical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this theoretical paper the role of power in classroom interactions is examined in terms of a dominance continuum to advance a theoretical framework justifying the emergence of three ways of distributing power when it comes to dealing with the control over the teaching-studying-learning (TSL) "pattern of teacher domination," "pattern of…

Harjunen, Elina

2012-01-01

224

Integrating Popular Web Applications in Classroom Learning Environments and Its Effects on Teaching, Student Learning Motivation and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advancements in information and communication technology (ICT) allowed several tools and systems to be proposed for improving classroom experiences to both instructors and students. However, most of these tools were brand-new and stand-alone programs that require users to invest additional time and effort to become familiar with their use. This…

Lin, Yen-Ting; Jou, Min

2013-01-01

225

Classroom Emotional Climate as a Moderator of Anxious Solitary Children's Longitudinal Risk for Peer Exclusion: A Child x Environment Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests the ability of classroom emotional climate to moderate anxious solitary children's risk for peer exclusion over a 3-year period from 3rd through 5th grade. Six hundred eighty-eight children completed peer nominations for anxious solitude and peer exclusion in the fall and spring semesters of each grade, and observations of…

Avant, Tamara Spangler; Gazelle, Heidi; Faldowski, Richard

2011-01-01

226

The Effects of Sorority and Fraternity Membership on Class Participation and African American Student Engagement in Predominantly White Classroom Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between Black Greek-letter organization membership and African American student engagement in almost exclusively White college classrooms was explored in this study. Data were collected through interviews with 131 members from seven undergraduate chapters at a large, predominantly White university in the Midwest. This study…

Harper, Shaun R.

2007-01-01

227

The Development and Validation of an Instrument to Monitor the Implementation of Social Constructivist Learning Environments in Grade 9 Science Classrooms in South Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the development and validation of an instrument that can be used to assess students' perceptions of their learning environment as a means of monitoring and guiding changes toward social constructivist learning environments. The study used a mixed-method approach with priority given to the quantitative data collection. During the quantitative data collection phase, a new instrument—the Social Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (SCLES)—was developed and used to collect data from 1,955 grade 9 science students from 52 classes in 50 schools in the Western Cape province, South Africa. The data were analysed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the new instrument, which assessed six dimensions of the classroom learning environment, namely, Working with Ideas, Personal Relevance, Collaboration, Critical Voice, Uncertainty in Science and Respect for Difference. Two dimensions were developed specifically for the present study in order to contextualise the questionnaire to the requirements of the new South African curriculum (namely, Metacognition and Respect for Difference). In the qualitative data collection phase, two case studies were used to investigate whether profiles of class mean scores on the new instrument could provide an accurate and "trustworthy" description of the learning environment of individual science classes. The study makes significant contributions to the field of learning environments in that it is one of the first major studies of its kind in South Africa with a focus on social constructivism and because the instrument developed captures important aspects of the learning environment associated with social constructivism.

Luckay, Melanie B.; Laugksch, Rudiger C.

2014-04-01

228

Weight-related teasing in the school environment: associations with psychosocial health and weight control practices among adolescent boys and girls.  

PubMed

Weight-related teasing has been found to be associated with low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, body dissatisfaction, and weight control behaviors in adolescents. While research has typically examined weight-related teasing directed towards the individual, little is known about weight-related teasing at the school level. This study aimed to determine the association between the school-level prevalence of weight-related teasing and psychosocial factors, body dissatisfaction and weight control behaviors in adolescents. Adolescents (N = 2,793; 53.2 % female) attending 20 US public middle and high schools were surveyed as part of the Eating and Activity in Teens (EAT) 2010 study. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the association between school-level weight-related teasing and health variables, controlling for individual-level weight-related teasing, clustering of individuals within schools, and relevant covariates. A greater school-level prevalence of weight-related teasing was associated with lower self-esteem and greater body fat dissatisfaction in girls, and greater depressive symptoms in boys, over and above individual-level weight-related teasing. Dieting was associated with the school-level prevalence of weight-related teasing in analysis adjusted for covariates in girls, but not following adjustment for individual-level weight-related teasing. Unhealthy weight control behaviors, extreme weight control behaviors, and muscle-enhancing behaviors were not associated with the school-level prevalence of weight-related teasing in girls or boys. Findings from the current study, in conjunction with previous findings showing associations between weight-related teasing, psychological concerns, and weight control behaviors, highlight the importance of implementing strategies to decrease weight-related teasing in schools. PMID:24395152

Lampard, Amy M; MacLehose, Richard F; Eisenberg, Marla E; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Davison, Kirsten K

2014-10-01

229

Find Your Voice: Eliminate Classroom Phobias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academically underprepared community college student may also be psychosocially underprepared for college, a condition contributing to the development of classroom-specific social phobia and to the high attrition rate at community colleges. The "Find Your Voice Program" uses individual and group cognitive-behavioral techniques to develop…

Miranda, Michael V.

2007-01-01

230

A Culturally Competent Classroom for Filipino Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the experiences of Filipino Americans in early and secondary education. By recognizing the deficiencies in educational attainment of Filipino American youth, the article explores psychosocial factors that contribute to Filipino Americans' academic experiences. Recommendations are included for educators to provide a culturally-competent classroom for Filipino Americans.

Kevin L. Nadal

2008-01-01

231

Artificial Intelligence and the Future Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how the power and potential of the computer may shape the classroom of the future by presenting a scenario of a classroom in the year 2001. The role of artificial intelligence in this environment is considered. (JN)

Green, John O.

1984-01-01

232

Icebreakers for Classroom Synergy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintaining a high "synergy" classroom, when the total effect of the people in an environment seems to be greater than the sum of the effort of the individuals, requires a commitment to a cooperative learning environment and hard work. Here are some learning activities designed to provide students with "synergy" all year long. (Author/RK)

Abruscato, Joseph; Hassard, Jack

1977-01-01

233

Classroom Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Perhaps the most important skill a good teacher should possess is the ability to control students. A teacher who can devise fascinating and unique lesson plans for her classroom is useless if she can't get the kids to sit down and listen to her instructions. Unfortunately, many beginning teachers simply are not prepared to manage their classrooms effectively. Managing a classroom means you must teach your students behavior expectations, not just post your rules on the classroom wall. Classroom management becomes even more of an issue when it applies to the active nature of the science classroom.

Swango, C. J.; Steward, Sally B.

2003-01-01

234

Acoustical evaluation of preschool classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An investigation was made of the acoustical environments in the Berwick Preschool, Vancouver, in response to complaints by the teachers. Reverberation times (RT), background noise levels (BNL), and in-class sound levels (Leq) were measured for acoustical evaluation in the classrooms. With respect to the measured RT and BNL, none of the classrooms in the preschool were acceptable according to the criteria relevant to this study. A questionnaire was administered to the teachers to assess their subjective responses to the acoustical and nonacoustical environments of the classrooms. Teachers agreed that the nonacoustical environments in the classrooms were fair, but that the acoustical environments had problems. Eight different classroom configurations were simulated to improve the acoustical environments, using the CATT room acoustical simulation program. When the surface absorption was increased, both the RT and speech levels decreased. RASTI was dependent on the volumes of the classrooms when the background noise levels were high; however, it depended on the total absorption of the classrooms when the background noise levels were low. Ceiling heights are critical as well. It is recommended that decreasing the volume of the classrooms is effective. Sound absorptive materials should be added to the walls or ceiling.

Yang, Wonyoung; Hodgson, Murray

2003-10-01

235

Capturing Earth Science Learning Dynamics: Communication Interactions of ESE Teachers and Children Occurring in Online, Classroom, and Small-Group Environments.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the processes of schooling in science are usually measured in the resulting skills and products that students acquire or generate, another way to understand science learning is to explore the interactions and discourse that occur during actual learning activities. To investigate the dynamics of inquiry-based learning of earth science, we have explored the patterns that emerge in several learning environments: when teachers create dialog with other teachers in online ESE courses; when they teach earth science lessons in their classrooms; when they discuss their teaching perspectives in interviews; and when small groups of children engage in learning earth science together. By observing and scoring lesson exchanges, preserving online discussions, and documenting words and interactions in audio or video recordings, we are able to distinguish communication configurations that occur when teachers and children engage in the learning of earth science that would otherwise be invisible.

Snyder, C. W.; Prince, B. L.

2002-12-01

236

Classroom, Home and Peer Environment Influences on Student Outcomes in Science and Mathematics: An Analysis of Systemic Reform Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using secondary analysis of a large database from a Statewide Systemic Initiative, we examined the effects of several types of environments on student outcomes. Over 3 years, nearly 7,000 students in 392 classes in 200 different schools responded to a questionnaire that assesses class, home, and peer environments as well as student attitudes.…

Fraser, Barry J.; Kahle, Jane Butler

2007-01-01

237

The Dance of Elementary School Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At times, classroom management and guidance elude even the most seasoned teachers. Yet, students need guidance and practice in self-regulatory skills to assist in the learning that occurs in classrooms. Teachers need both practical and research-based classroom management strategies that benefit the environment and help create a space conducive to…

Powell, Pamela

2014-01-01

238

Classroom Management, Bullying, and Teacher Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While bullying in schools has begun to receive attention, little is known about the relationship between classroom management and bullying in the classroom. The process for exploring this relationship will be a review of research and literature related to bullying in the school environment, classroom management, teacher practices, and student…

Allen, Kathleen P.

2010-01-01

239

Psychosocial Impact of Abdominoplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The number of patients desiring reconstructive surgery after a huge weight loss achieved with gastric banding is increasing.\\u000a This study was undertaken to determine whether plastic surgical removal of an overlap flap has a psychosocial effect on patients.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Thirty-women and four men who underwent overlap flap surgery were interviewed 1 day before, and again 3 and approximately\\u000a 12 months after the procedure

Kristina Stuerz; Hildegunde Piza; Klaus Niermann; Johann F. Kinzl

2008-01-01

240

Model for assessing psychosocial problems.  

PubMed Central

The Model for the Assessment of Psychosocial Problems (MAPP) can help family medicine residents effectively assess patients with psychosocial problems. Following a patient-centred clinical method, MAPP provides a guide to exploring problems and an approach that allows residents and patients jointly to define problems and decide upon management. Emphasis is placed on clarifying patients' expectations of physicians. PMID:9222578

Tannenbaum, D.; McGillivray, M.

1996-01-01

241

Psychosocial treatments for adolescent depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major Depressive Disorders affect between 2% and 5% of adolescents at any one point in time. Depression in adolescence is associated with serious psychosocial deficits and has negative effects on functioning during young adulthood. Starting with the pioneering work of Lenore Butler and her colleagues, many psychosocial interventions have been developed and studied, with generally positive results. On the basis

Peter M Lewinsohn; Gregory N Clarke

1999-01-01

242

AIDS Counseling: A Psychosocial Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Psychosocial Counseling Model which organizes into five phases the major psychosocial issues encountered by homosexual and bisexual clients with AIDS: (1) overcoming the initial fear of AIDS; (2) redefining relationships; (3) modifying lifestyles; (4) re-evaluating life's meaning; and (5)…

Allers, Christopher Tait; Katrin, Susan Ellen

1988-01-01

243

National surveillance of psychosocial risk factors in the workplace: An international overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

National surveillance of psychosocial risk factors in the workplace is important to record the changing work environment and for the development (and monitoring) of policies and programs to prevent stress and promote mental and physical health and well-being at work. This paper overviews national surveillance systems for psychosocial risks and outcomes (35 national systems across 20 different countries, and an

Maureen Dollard; Natalie Skinner; Michelle R. Tuckey; Tessa Bailey

2007-01-01

244

The Constructivist Classroom Learning Environment and Its Associations with Critical Thinking Ability of Secondary School Students in Liberal Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we investigated-secondary school students' perceptions of their constructivist learning environment in Liberal Studies, and whether their perceptions were related to their critical thinking ability. A convenience sample of Secondary Three students (N = 967) studying Liberal Studies in Hong Kong participated in this research by…

Kwan, Yee Wan; Wong, Angela F. L.

2014-01-01

245

Using a Simulation-Based Learning Environment to Enhance Learning and Instruction in a Middle School Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this project was to help science teachers shift to a more inquiry-based teaching style by supplying learning tools that support a more student-centered approach. The project employed PSI (Personal Study Instrument) Sim Modules, a simulation-based electronic learning environment designed to address misconceptions in middle school…

Foti, Sebastian; Ring, Gail

2008-01-01

246

Classroom Contexts for Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various factors influence the development of creative potential, including everything from individual differences to the kinds of experiences and opportunities that creators experience throughout the lifespan. When it comes to nurturing creativity in the classroom, the learning environment is one of the most important factors--determining, in…

Beghetto, Ronald A.; Kaufman, James C.

2014-01-01

247

Inviting Positive Classroom Discipline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Invitational theory addresses the total educational environment and culture of the classroom and school, focusing on the people, places, policies, programs, and processes that constitute any school culture. Invitational teaching is a process for communicating caring and appropriate messages to nurture the realization of student potential as well…

Purkey, William Watson; Strahan, David B.

248

Flexible Classroom Furniture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom design for the 21st-century learning environment should accommodate a variety of learning skills and needs. The space should be large enough so it can be configured to accommodate a number of learning activities. This also includes furniture that provides flexibility and accommodates collaboration and interactive work among students and…

Kim Hassell,

2011-01-01

249

Psychosocial interactions during ISS missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on anecdotal reports from astronauts and cosmonauts, studies of space analog environments on Earth, and our previous research on the Mir Space Station, a number of psychosocial issues have been identified that can lead to problems during long-duration space expeditions. Several of these issues were studied during a series of missions to the International Space Station. Using a mood and group climate questionnaire that was completed weekly by crewmembers in space and personnel in mission control, we found no evidence to support the presence of predicted decrements in well-being during the second half or in any specific quarter of the missions. The results did support the predicted displacement of negative feelings to outside supervisors among both crew and ground subjects. There were several significant differences in mood and group perceptions between Americans and Russians and between crewmembers and mission control personnel. Crewmembers related cohesion to the support role of their leader, and mission control personnel related cohesion to both the task and support roles of their leader. These findings are discussed with reference to future space missions.

Kanas, N. A.; Salnitskiy, V. P.; Ritsher, J. B.; Gushin, V. I.; Weiss, D. S.; Saylor, S. A.; Kozerenko, O. P.; Marmar, C. R.

2007-02-01

250

[The psychosocial roots of racism and xenophobia].  

PubMed

The concept of race is only a human particularity. In spite of this, the racism, as a construction of imagination or a paranocial delusion or an ethnic attitude, is spread among the narcissist personalities and the environment dominated by nationalist or religious fanaticism and anyway generates collective violence. There is also a psychosocial racism almost always actual in the common human relations, appeared in form of positive attitudes towards similar others and negative attitudes towards different others. The best defence against these both phenomena are the attitudes of tolerance, understanding and liking. PMID:10846583

Alonso-Fernández, F

1999-01-01

251

Transformation of Classroom Spaces: Traditional versus Active Learning Classroom in Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational environment influences students' learning attitudes, and the classroom conveys the educational philosophy. The traditional college classroom design is based on the educational space that first appeared in medieval universities. Since then classrooms have not changed except in their size. In an attempt to develop a different…

Park, Elisa L.; Choi, Bo Keum

2014-01-01

252

Anonymity in Classroom Voting and Debating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advent of networked environments into the classroom is changing classroom debates in many ways. This article addresses one key attribute of these environments, namely anonymity, to explore its consequences for co-present adolescents anonymous, by virtue of the computer system, to peers not to teachers. Three studies with 16-17 year-olds used a…

Ainsworth, Shaaron; Gelmini-Hornsby, Giulia; Threapleton, Kate; Crook, Charles; O'Malley, Claire; Buda, Marie

2011-01-01

253

[Psychosocial adjustment of paraplegics].  

PubMed

The present article is concerned with the description and discussion of the results from an investigation on 34 paraspastic of paraplegic male patients. Data on the quality and intensity of functional impairment of the bladder and the intestine and on disorders with regard to the sexual sphere as well as on their psychosocial compensation were obtained in a semi-structured interview of up to four hours duration. Subsequently the data were evaluated with the aid of descriptive statistics. Predominant were two modes of coping with the handicap: Young paraplegics and paraspastics suffering from a traumatic lesion overcame their functional deficits by means of instrumental compensation and almost all of them--after passing through a course of institutionally prescribed developmental steps--achieved a readjustment both with regard to their relationship with the opposite sex and to their professional career. Older handicapped whose lesions were caused by disease persisted in resignation or hypochondriac concentration upon their state of health and were socially isolated. PMID:3811639

Seidler, G H

1986-01-01

254

Classroom Catapults  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Wow, our plastic load flew 540 centimeters! This is so cool!" An interdisciplinary unit on catapults was responsible for the excitement and enthusiasm generated in the author's classroom. In their social studies class, students learned about the Middle A

Villano, Diane D.

2001-02-01

255

Inclusive Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five Standards-based strategies for successful inclusion of special-needs students in the secondary science classroom are described in this article. Use a multisensory approach; encourage collaboration among students; provide specific expectations and ass

Alexakos, Konstantinos

2001-03-01

256

Classroom Wildlife.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A game is used to study population control factors on a wolf pack and to explore human competition with these animals. A game board and chance cards to be photocopied for use in the classroom are provided. (DH)

Fleer, Daryl

1984-01-01

257

Classroom Triangles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will use bearing measurements to triangulate and determine objects' locations. Working in teams of two or three, students must put on their investigative hats as they take bearing measurements to specified landmarks in their classroom (or other rooms in the school) from a mystery location. With the extension activity, students are challenged with creating their own map of the classroom or other school location and comparing it with their classmates' efforts.

Lippis, Matt; Axelrad, Penny; Yowell, Janet; Zarske, Malinda S.

2006-01-01

258

Classroom Triangles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use bearing measurements to triangulate and determine objects' locations. Working in teams of two or three, they must put on their investigative hats as they take bearing measurements to specified landmarks in their classroom (or other rooms in the school) from a "mystery location." With the extension activity, students are challenged with creating their own maps of the classroom or other school location and comparing them with their classmates' efforts.

Institute Of Navigation And Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

259

The ISI Classroom Observation System: Examining the Literacy Instruction Provided to Individual Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individualizing Student Instruction (ISI) classroom observation and coding system is designed to provide a detailed picture of the classroom environment at the level of the individual student. Using a multidimensional conceptualization of the classroom environment, foundational elements (teacher warmth and responsiveness to students, classroom

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Fishman, Barry J.; Ponitz, Claire Cameron; Glasney, Stephanie; Underwood, Phyllis S.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Crowe, Elizabeth Coyne; Schatschneider, Christopher

2009-01-01

260

Ymir: A Generative Model of Psychosocial  

E-print Network

Ymir: A Generative Model of Psychosocial Dialogue Skills 7. In the past chapters we have looked. In this chapter I propose a new generative model of human psychosocial dialogue skill. Instead of dealing

Thórisson, Kristinn Rúnar

261

Boredom proneness and psychosocial development.  

PubMed

The effect of boredom proneness as measured by the Boredom Proneness Scale (R. F. Farmer & N. D. Sundberg, 1986) on college students' psychosocial development was investigated via the Student Developmental Task and Lifestyle Assessment (SDTLA; R. B. Winston, T. K. Miller, & J. S. Prince, 1995). Low boredom-prone students had significantly higher scores on the following SDTLA measures: career planning, lifestyle planning, peer relationships, educational involvement, instrumental autonomy, emotional autonomy, interdependence, academic autonomy, and salubrious lifestyle. Gender differences on boredom proneness and psychosocial development measures are discussed. PMID:10319449

Watt, J D; Vodanovich, S J

1999-05-01

262

Interplay of Psychosocial Factors and the Long-Term Course of Adolescents with a Substance Use Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the association of psychosocial factors and long-term drug use behaviors (year-5.5) among adolescents with a substance dependence disorder. One group received treatment with a 12-Step approach (n = 159) and one group was on a waiting list (n = 62). Four psychosocial factors (deviant behavior, peer drug environment,…

Winters, Ken C.; Stinchfield, Randy D.; Lee, Susanne; Latimer, William W.

2008-01-01

263

Configurations of Common Childhood Psychosocial Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Co-occurrence of psychosocial risk factors is commonplace, but little is known about psychiatrically-predictive configurations of psychosocial risk factors. Methods: Latent class analysis (LCA) was applied to 17 putative psychosocial risk factors in a representative population sample of 920 children ages 9 to 17. The resultant class…

Copeland, William; Shanahan, Lilly; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian

2009-01-01

264

Psychosocial Intervention and Dementia, Part I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the nature of scnilc dcmentia. including complicating factors, and identifies concepts basic to psychosocial intervention and the disease. It thcn critically exaniincs the variety of psychosocial intervention approaches addressed in the literature and discusses their application to the practice of psycho-social occupational therapy. The findings point to a vibrant and increasingly important role for occupational therapy within

Linda L. Levy

1987-01-01

265

Psychosocial support for youth living with HIV.  

PubMed

This clinical report provides guidance for the pediatrician in addressing the psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults living with HIV, which can improve linkage to care and adherence to life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy. Recent national case surveillance data for youth (defined here as adolescents and young adults 13 to 24 years of age) revealed that the burden of HIV/AIDS fell most heavily and disproportionately on African American youth, particularly males having sex with males. To effectively increase linkage to care and sustain adherence to therapy, interventions should address the immediate drivers of ARV compliance and also address factors that provide broader social and structural support for HIV-infected adolescents and young adults. Interventions should address psychosocial development, including lack of future orientation, inadequate educational attainment and limited health literacy, failure to focus on the long-term consequences of near-term risk behaviors, and coping ability. Associated challenges are closely linked to the structural environment. Individual case management is essential to linkage to and retention in care, ARV adherence, and management of associated comorbidities. Integrating these skills into pediatric and adolescent HIV practice in a medical home setting is critical, given the alarming increase in new HIV infections in youth in the United States. PMID:24567016

Martinez, Jaime; Chakraborty, Rana

2014-03-01

266

Youth Suicide: A Psychosocial Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on studies in different cultures and subcultures and in different age groups to develop a psychosocial perspective for viewing youthful suicide. Uses disciplines ranging from demography to psychodynamics to discuss relationship of violence to suicide; role of families in producing youngsters who become preoccupied with death and suicide; and…

Hendin, Herbert

1987-01-01

267

Cyberaddictions: toward a psychosocial perspective.  

PubMed

The concept of cyberaddiction is far from being unanimously accepted by scientists (Ko, Yen, Yen, Chen, & Chen, 2012; Pezoa-Jares, Espinoza-Luna & Vasquez-Medina, 2012; Nadeau & et al. 2011; Perraton, Fusaro & Bonenfant, 2011. The same is true of addiction to videogames (Hellman, Schoenmakers, Nordstrom, & Van Holst 2013); Coulombe (2010); or to Facebook (Andreassen et al. 2012; Levard & Soulas, 2010). While certain researchers wished to see this condition included in the DSM-5, others question the operational and practical basis for the diagnostic criteria (Block, 2008). Through a review of litterature and results from research findings; the aim of this article is to propose a psychosocial perspective for the cyberaddiction phenomenon. By a psychosocial perspective, we mean the inclusion of social determinants (weak social ties, social exclusion, hyper individualism, poverty, unemployment, etc) and not only the individual characteristics associated with the disease model in the addiction field. To what extent social conditions and cyberaddiction behaviors constitute a potential pathology ? Can we include a psychosocial approach to gain a more general picture of this contemporary issue? In response to these questions, a contextualization and an attempt to define cyberaddiction will be followed by an analysis of some major issues in the development of this type of addiction. As a conclusion, a demonstration of the cycle of addiction on how people develop addictions, including cyberaddictions, will be done within a psychosocial perspective in order to seize the multifactorial aspects of this addiction. PMID:25173593

Suissa, Amnon Jacob

2014-12-01

268

Cooley's Anemia: A Psychosocial Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The directory is intended to aid patients and their families who are coping with the genetic disorder of Cooley's anemia. A brief review of the disease covers background, genetics, symptoms, effect on the patient, treatment, and current research. The next section looks at psychosocial needs at various times (time of diagnosis, infancy and toddler…

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Washington, DC.

269

[Psychosocial rehabilitation in advanced age].  

PubMed

The psychosocial rehabilitation of older persons is one of the main problems in health policy. About one quarter of the over 65-year-olds face psychic problems, without, to a large extent, receiving adequate treatment and rehabilitative care. Substantial deficits exist above all in the out-patient and non-residential service sectors. In in-patient care, existing methods for psychosocial intervention (such as psychoanalysis, behavioural, client-centered, family, Gestalt, milieu, or music and dance therapy, psychodrama, reality orientation training, or resensitization techniques) are hardly ever used. This absence of applied geronto-psychology is attributable to the shortcomings of available assessment methods, multiple methodical problems of intervention research, and--above all--to insufficient staff positions for psychosocial professions in the gerontological sector. Provision of further permanent posts for psychosocial workers; development of age-specific assessment methods; interdisciplinary and systematic interventional research; the development of ambulatory, community-based services as well as intensive support for existing self-help efforts are therefore called for. PMID:3983463

Haag, G

1985-02-01

270

PSYCHOSOCIAL PHENOMENA AND BUILDING DESIGN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE DEPTH OF PSYCHOSOCIAL CONSIDERATION VARIES WITH ARCHITECTURAL FUNCTION. THESE FACTORS INCREASE AS A BUILDING USAGE BECOMES MORE ANTHROPOPHILIC. SITUATIONS RELATING TO AMBIGUOUS DESIGN MUST BE ELIMINATED IN BUILDING DESIGN. PROBLEMS INVOLVING VISUAL PERCEPTION SUCH AS (1) GLASS DOORS, (2) APPARENT INSECURITY OF STRUCTURE, (3) AMBIGUOUS SYMBOLIC…

IZUMI, KIYOSHI

271

Psychosocial factors and ballet injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial factors, such as stress, anxiety, social support, and coping skills, could predict injuries (frequency and duration) among 105 ballet dancers (101 females; 4 males). The dancers were professional ballet dancers (n = 27), university ballet students (n = 19), and ballet institute students (n = 59), with a mean age

Tony Morris; Mark B. Andersen

2005-01-01

272

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are described: (1) "Sequences of Definite Integrals" by T. Dana-Picard; (2) "Structural Analysis of Pythagorean Monoids" by M.-Q Zhan and J. Tong; (3) "A Random Walk Phenomenon under an Interesting Stopping Rule" by S. Chakraborty; (4) "On Some Confidence Intervals for Estimating the…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

273

Classroom Cinema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films can be an effective method of teaching English, the humanities, and social studies to students from the junior high school through the community college level. This book in part a guide and in part a teacher's memoir, sets forth a rationale for using films in the classroom to encourage reading, writing, thoughtful discussion, and an…

Maynard, Richard A.

274

Classroom Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the determinants and malleability of noncognitive skills. Using data on boys from the National Education Longitudinal Survey, I focus on youth behavior in the classroom as a measure of noncognitive skills. I find that student behavior during adolescence is persistent. The variation in behavior can be attributed to…

Segal, Carmit

2008-01-01

275

Classroom aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complicated interaction between individual pupils and class groups is highlighted in cases of classroom agression. The author's diagnostic-treatment model aims at examining individual aggressors partly through the use of teachers' assessments of them as members of the class group, at assessing the group's emotional climate, and at identifying the triggering-off stimuli within the group which provoke aggression. The aggressive

Brede Foy

1977-01-01

276

Jigsaw Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Jigsaw Classroom is a website for the jigsaw cooperative learning technique that strives to reduce racial conflict, promote better learning, improve motivation, and increase the enjoyment of the learning experience among school children. The website includes an overview of jigsaw techniques, jigsaw history, implementing tips, related books and articles, and links on cooperative learning, school violence, and jigsaw developer Elliot Aronson.

Aronson, Elliot; Network, Social P.

277

Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in Genetic algorithms is expanding rapidly. This paper reviews software environments for programming Genetic Algorithms (GAs). As background, we initially preview genetic algorithms' models and their programming. Next we classify GA software environments into three main categories: Application-oriented, Algorithm-oriented and Tool-Kits. For each category of GA programming environment we review their common features and present a case study of

Jose Ribeiro Filho; Cesare Alippi; Philip Treleaven

278

Hey, There's a Forest in that Classroom!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After a prolonged visit to an elementary classroom, this author was inspiredto share his reflections on the effective combination of creative scienceteaching approaches he observed. In particular, the author highlights the unusual classroom environment, the use of thematic elements, and the hands-on teaching approach.

Coppedge, Ginny; Page, Scott

2004-03-01

279

Hearing and Listening in a Typical Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses factors that affect how well students with hearing loss and typical students can hear in classrooms. Soundfield equalization is discussed as a way to create an environment where each child is at a favorable speaker-listener distance by routing the teacher's voice to loudspeakers around the classroom. (CR)

Palmer, Catherine V.

1997-01-01

280

Classroom Teachers' Reflections on Teaching Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore preservice classroom teacher reflection in a physical education teaching and learning environment and to describe how the teachers' reflections related to their practices. Two preservice classroom teachers voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected using observations, journals, documents, and…

Tsangaridou, Niki

2005-01-01

281

"Hate in the Classroom": A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raphael Cohen-Almagor's article "Hate in the Classroom: Free Expression, Holocaust Denial, and Liberal Education" (2008) calls for sanctions on those K-12 public school teachers whose deployment of "hate speech"--and/or associations with others who deploy it--creates a "poisoned environment" in the classroom. While stating his belief in the role…

Heinrichs, Terry

2008-01-01

282

Before the Year Begins. Classroom Tips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good teachers know that the physical environment of the classroom can either enhance or hinder learning. Appropriate room preparation and arrangement of materials reserves class time for learning, while inadequate planning interferes with instruction by causing interruptions and delays. Before the year begins, effective classroom managers…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2010

2010-01-01

283

The Classroom as Global Media Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at ways in which schools buildings designed for today and tomorrow can provide superior environments for learning by keeping pace with rapidly evolving technologies that have redefined the educational landscape. Wireless classrooms, data projectors and wall-mounted plasma monitors are cited as in-classroom technologies of…

Nair, Prakash

2007-01-01

284

Code Choice in the Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Code Choice in the Language Classroom argues that the foreign language classroom is and should be regarded as a multilingual community of practice rather than as a perpetually deficient imitator of an exclusive second-language environment. From a sociocultural and ecological perspective, Levine guides the reader through a theoretical, empirical,…

Levine, Glenn S.

2011-01-01

285

Multicultural Messages: Nonverbal Communication in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the drive to facilitate inclusion in the classroom, one often overlooked factor that affects the environment of all classrooms is nonverbal interaction. This study was conducted to identify some specific nonverbal messages that are often culturally bound; to help educators and others involved in education understand nonverbal signals and avoid…

Pitton, Debra; And Others

286

Future's Learning Environments in Health Education: The Effects of Smart Classrooms on the Academic Achievements of the Students at Health College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of smart classrooms on the academic achievement of the nursing students. The sample of the research included 66 Health College students in Elazig. The sampling group was randomly chosen from second year students of Nursing and Midwife Education. The research was carried out with experimental…

Sevindik, Tuncay

2010-01-01

287

The Relation of Classroom Environment and School Belonging to Academic Self-Efficacy among Urban Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 149 low-income, ethnically heterogeneous, fourth- and fifth-grade students completed self-report surveys in the fall and spring of 1 academic year. We examined classroom climate (satisfaction, cohesion, friction, task difficulty, and competition) and school belonging in relation to language arts and math and science self-efficacy,…

McMahon, Susan D.; Wernsman, Jamie; Rose, Dale S.

2009-01-01

288

The 4I Model for Scaffolding the Professional Development of Experienced Teachers in the Use of Virtual Learning Environments for Classroom Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Models of professional development for teachers have been criticized for not being embedded in the context in which teachers are familiar, namely their own classrooms. This paper discusses an adapted-Continuous Practice Improvement model, which qualitative findings indicate was effective in facilitating the transfer of creative and innovative…

Cowan, Pamela

2013-01-01

289

The Relationship between Classroom Environment and the Learning Style Preferences of Gifted Middle School Students and the Impact on Levels of Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inconsistent performance by gifted students has been a source of frustration for both parents and educators for decades. Several studies on gifted under achievement point to a connection between student learning styles and classroom performance.This study examined the learning styles of gifted middle school students, student perceptions of the…

Rayneri, Letty J.; Gerber, Brian L.; Wiley, Larry P.

2006-01-01

290

A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose

Andrie Chaerul

2002-01-01

291

Psychosocial Resources in First-Year University Students: The Role of Identity Processes and Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation involved the assessment of a model predicting that family and university relationship environments are linked\\u000a with identity processes and identity states (statuses) that predict psychosocial resources among first-year university students.\\u000a A sample of 351 university students, between the ages of 18 and 21 years, completed measures of psychosocial maturity based\\u000a on Erikson's notions of ego virtues, a measure

Gerald R. Adams; Michael D. Berzonsky; Leo Keating

2006-01-01

292

Corruption: A Psychosocial Issue  

E-print Network

building, improvement in the overall efficiency of the civil service, enhancing competence and motivation of civil servants and performance improvement in key ministries. In the new program of anti corruption, the government aims at strengthening the legal... to cope with corruption. In the democratic environment "Corruption culture" is widely exercised in different forms of ~ction and social behaviour. Psychologically, man is always Imltatll1g others pomp and show behaviours. Actually, such behavIOrs demand...

Upadhyay, Niranjan Prasad

2003-01-01

293

[Chronic pain in elderly people: psychosocial dimension].  

PubMed

Chronic pain in elderly people requires to take into account somatic co-morbidities as well as its psychosocial dimensions. Chronic pain often represents a distress signal addressed to the environment and the care providers. Psychological suffering or mood disorders can be presented in the form of somatic complaints often associated with functional impairments, sometimes severe. Therapeutic care has to address functionality through an image-enhancing approach aiming to summon the patients' resources. The treatment of a concomitant depressive state necessitates a true commitment from the therapist. Its benefits are documented in elderly patients. Analgesic treatment as a whole will seek in particular to restore feelings of self-esteem and help the patient recover a good quality of life. PMID:21815497

Allaz, A F; Cedraschi, C; Rentsch, D; Canuto, A

2011-06-29

294

Guerrilla Video: A New Protocol for Producing Classroom Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary changes in pedagogy point to the need for a higher level of video production value in most classroom video, replacing the default video protocol of an unattended camera in the back of the classroom. The rich and complex environment of today's classroom can be captured more fully using the higher level, but still easily manageable,…

Fadde, Peter; Rich, Peter

2010-01-01

295

Situated Practice: A Reflection on Person-Centered Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a situated perspective on the person-centered classroom management practices described in this issue, in order to highlight the special contribution these practices make to sustaining meaningful student engagement in classroom activity. Building on Paul Gump's efforts to conceptualize the classroom environment, the discussion…

Doyle, Walter

2009-01-01

296

Concept and design of Ad Hoc and Mobile classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation describes the concept of mobile learning and the design of Ad Hoc and Mobile classrooms. Four classes of mobile learning and implementation of Ad Hoc and eSchoolbag systems are presented. The paper discusses the development of advanced wireless technologies for building an ad hoc classroom to create a modern and new learning environment. As in a traditional classroom,

C. Y. Chang; Jay-ping Sheu; T. W. Chan

2003-01-01

297

Second Language Acquisition Research in the Language Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of second language acquisition research, particularly that which is classroom-oriented, is examined in a review of 50 empirical investigations undertaken over the last 25 years. The studies were analyzed according to the following dimensions: the environment in which the data were collected (classroom, naturalistic, simulated classroom,…

Nunan, David

298

Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits and advantages of classroom practices incorporating unity-in-diversity and diversity-in-unity are what "Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms" is all about. Multilevel classrooms--also known as mixed-ability or heterogeneous classrooms--are a fact of life in ESOL programs around the world. These classrooms are often not only multilevel…

Baurain, Bradley, Ed.; Ha, Phan Le, Ed.

2010-01-01

299

Creating a Classroom Where Children Can Think.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents suggestions for creating a classroom environment where young children's thinking and reasoning processes are supported. Discusses organizing time blocks for predictability and flexibility and organizing the physical space, including providing access to work spaces and access to materials. (KB)

Hubbard, Ruth Shagoury

1998-01-01

300

Storytelling in the Classroom: Crossing Vexed Chasms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three storytelling strategies, each suited to a different classroom environment. Notes that these strategies illustrate the potential for storytelling to empower and engage culturally diverse students while providing a context for critical thinking. (MM)

Sarris, Greg

1990-01-01

301

Sharing Teaching Ideas: Classroom Voting in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we discuss how classroom voting can be used to create an active learning environment, to provide immediate feedback for both students and teacher and to motivate students to participate in discussions about mathematics.

Cline, Kelly S.

2006-01-01

302

Circumcision policy: A psychosocial perspective.  

PubMed

The debate about the advisability of circumcision in English-speaking countries has typically focused on the potential health factors. The position statements of committees from national medical organizations are expected to be evidence-based; however, the contentiousness of the ongoing debate suggests that other factors are involved. Various potential factors related to psychology, sociology, religion and culture may also underlie policy decisions. These factors could affect the values and attitudes of medical committee members, the process of evaluating the medical literature and the medical literature itself. Although medical professionals highly value rationality, it can be difficult to conduct a rational and objective evaluation of an emotional and controversial topic such as circumcision. A negotiated compromise between polarized committee factions could introduce additional psychosocial factors. These possibilities are speculative, not conclusive. It is recommended that an open discussion of psychosocial factors take place and that the potential biases of committee members be recognized. PMID:19675851

Goldman, Ronald

2004-11-01

303

Psychosocial reactions to physical illness.  

PubMed Central

Recently medical educators have emphasized the need for physicians to acquire the skills to deal with psychologic aspects of patient care. To facilitate this task a descriptive schema is presented for use in evaluating patients' psychosocial reactions to physical illness. Three core components of such reactions are: the personal meaning of illness, emotional responses to illness and modes of coping with illness. Clinical application of this schema may help with patient management and prevent psychiatric complications of physical illness. PMID:6839255

Lipowski, Z. J.

1983-01-01

304

Psychosocial Rehabilitation in Cancer Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevalence data on psychosocial morbidity indicate that from 30% to 50% of cancer patients may experience distress significant\\u000a enough to warrant professional intervention at some time during survivorship. These patients may require professional attention\\u000a to manage the debilitating effects of diagnosis, treatment, and morbidity that can wax and wane over time depending upon a\\u000a host of other variables. It is

Richard P. McQuellon; Suzanne C. Danhauer

305

Psychosocial and Mental Status Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians assess a client’s psychosocial and mental status in a variety of contexts. Clients may be screened at intake to\\u000a a service and at annual staffings, often to determine eligibility for professional services or supportive interventions. In\\u000a this type of referral the important question is whether or not there is a clinically significant problem that requires attention.\\u000a This can also

Peter Sturmey

306

An analysis of differences of post artwork scores between a science intervention in a traditional classroom versus an intervention in an outdoor environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Outdoor education has been presented as one alternative to classroom based instruction to increase student knowledge retention and interest. This mixed method study used pre and post drawings to determine the difference in scores of two groups of college students. One group of 19 students attended a lesson in a classroom and a second group of 19 students participated in an outdoor lesson. A dependent t test showed that post artwork scores of both groups increased significantly after their intervention * p = < .05. An ANCOVA showed that the post artwork scores of the outdoor group increased significantly more than the classroom group ** p = < .01. This study concluded that, while both groups' scores improved after the intervention, the outdoor groups' scores were significantly higher than the slide show groups' scores. A questionnaire concerning intervention information was sent to both groups nine months after the intervention. The responses were examined and found to contain many more in depth responses from the boat excursion group. Moreover, it found that the use of artwork as an assessment of learning is possible.

Nix, Maria

307

An Engaging Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author believes that a stimulating learning environment can offer benefits to the general classroom conduct of young people through the different charts displayed in his classroom. Students see the teacher taking pride in their shared working environment and wall or table graffiti. He mentions that he does not only care for his students'…

Krueger, Tom

2010-01-01

308

Sensitivity Training in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sensitivity training in the classroom can help children cope with and adapt to their environment--family, peer group, friends, school, and teachers--and get them to talk honestly and openly about emotional, social, and intellectual feelings and concepts. Some techniques of encouraging students to explore, to become involved with and aware of…

Cameron, Brent

1970-01-01

309

Psychology's Contributions to Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management (CRM) has been associated with discipline, control, or other terms that connote reducing unacceptable student behavior. However, CRM involves not merely responding effectively when problems occur, but also preventing problems from occurring by creating environments that encourage learning and appropriate behavior. Teachers'…

Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque

2008-01-01

310

Classroom Lessons in Cultivating Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about creating a nurturing classroom environment of mutual respect with students enthralled by possessions and technology. He talks about his life in the city, how life is abundant in the city, and that he acknowledges all that the city offered, from the culture of art and music to racial and ethnic diversity.…

Luck, Philip A.

2006-01-01

311

Revoicing Classrooms: A Spatial Manifesto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why is the physical learning environment in schools largely ignored by teachers within pedagogical practice? The cellular classroom has remained seemingly immutable since the Industrial Revolution, with spatiality playing a silent and subconscious role in schooling other than related to concerns around surveillance. Previous studies have shown…

Fisher, Kenn

2004-01-01

312

Acoustical Modifications for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews procedures for evaluating, measuring, and modifying noise and reverberation levels in the classroom environment. Recommendations include: relocating children away from high noise sources, such as fans, air conditioners, heating ducts, and faulty lighting fixtures, using sound-absorbing materials, using acoustical ceiling tile…

Crandell, Carl C.; Smaldino, Joseph J.

1999-01-01

313

Voicing Concern about Noisy Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background noise from loud ventilation systems, outdoor activities, and poor acoustics can lead to voice problems for teachers, worsen hearing-impaired students' listening ability, and create unhealthy learning environments. Solutions include providing teachers with a sound-field amplification system and improving classroom acoustics. (MLH)

Anderson, Karen L.

2001-01-01

314

Constructing Literacy: How Goals, Activity Systems, and Text Shape Classroom Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that a focus on social interaction in classrooms provides important perspectives on how teachers' and students' actions and the characteristics of the learning environment shape classroom interactions and outcomes. Identifies features of the classroom context that shape students' participation in the classroom literacy community. Explains…

Ares, Nancy M.; Peercy, Megan M.

2003-01-01

315

Science Teacher Beliefs and Classroom Practice Related to Constructivism in Different School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teacher beliefs and classroom practice related to constructivism and factors that may influence classroom practice were examined in this cross-case study. Data from four science teachers in two schools included interviews, demographic questionnaire, Classroom Learning Environment Survey (preferred/perceived), and classroom observations and…

Savasci, Funda; Berlin, Donna F.

2012-01-01

316

Psychosocial and Physical Effects of Adjuvant Chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer patients younger than 55 completed a questionnaire on psychosocial factors and physical side effects shortly after diagnosis and 9 to 15 months after diagnosis. Those who had used adjuvant chemotherapy were more likely than those who had not to report physical side effects; there was little difference in psychosocial factors. Recent users were more likely than ex-users to report physical side effects, difficulties with domestic chores, and improvement in psychosocial factors. PMID:21229020

Hislop, Thomas Gregory; Elwood, J. Mark; Waxler-Morrison, Nancy; Ragaz, Joseph; Skippen, Diane Hazel; Turner, I.D.

1991-01-01

317

The Classroom Animal: Crickets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests using crickets for classroom activities, providing background information on their anatomy and reproduction and tips on keeping individual organisms or a breeding colony in the classroom. (JN)

Kramer, David C.

1985-01-01

318

Screening for Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer  

PubMed Central

Major professional organizations have called for psychosocial risk screening to identify specific psychosocial needs of children with cancer and their families and facilitate the delivery of appropriate evidence-based care to address these concerns. However, systematic screening of risk factors at diagnosis is rare in pediatric oncology practice. Subsequent to a brief summary of psychosocial risks in pediatric cancer and the rationale for screening, this review identified three screening models and two screening approaches (Distress Thermometer [DT], Psychosocial Assessment Tool [PAT]), among many more papers calling for screening. Implications of broadly implemented screening for all patients across treatment settings are discussed. PMID:22492662

Kazak, Anne E.; Brier, Moriah; Alderfer, Melissa A.; Reilly, Anne; Parker, Stephanie Fooks; Rogerwick, Stephanie; Ditaranto, Susan; Barakat, Lamia P.

2012-01-01

319

Psychosocial Perspectives and the Issue of Prevention in Childhood Obesity  

PubMed Central

A dramatic increase in childhood overweight/obesity has been recognized globally over the past 50?years. This observed increase may reflect genetic, as well as psychological, environmental, and socio-cultural influences. In the first part of this review, we present an updated summary of the psychosocial factors associated with this change and discuss possible ways in which they operate. Among these factors, lower socio economic status (in both industrialized and non-industrialized countries), being female, belonging to a minority group, and being exposed to adverse life events may all be associated with a greater risk of childhood overweight/obesity. These influences may be mediated via a variety of mechanisms, in particular above-average food intake of low nutritional quality and reduction in physical activity. Other important psychosocial mediators include the influence of the family and peer environment, and exposure to the media. In the second part of the review, we discuss the potential of psychosocial prevention programs to intervene in the processes involved in the rise of childhood overweight/obesity. Two points are emphasized. First, prevention programs should be multidisciplinary, combining the knowledge of experts from different professions, and taking into consideration the important role of the family environment and relevant influential social organizations, particularly school. Second, effective change is unlikely to occur without large-scale programs carried out on a public policy level. PMID:25133140

Stein, Daniel; Weinberger-Litman, Sarah L.; Latzer, Yael

2014-01-01

320

Psychosocial perspectives and the issue of prevention in childhood obesity.  

PubMed

A dramatic increase in childhood overweight/obesity has been recognized globally over the past 50?years. This observed increase may reflect genetic, as well as psychological, environmental, and socio-cultural influences. In the first part of this review, we present an updated summary of the psychosocial factors associated with this change and discuss possible ways in which they operate. Among these factors, lower socio economic status (in both industrialized and non-industrialized countries), being female, belonging to a minority group, and being exposed to adverse life events may all be associated with a greater risk of childhood overweight/obesity. These influences may be mediated via a variety of mechanisms, in particular above-average food intake of low nutritional quality and reduction in physical activity. Other important psychosocial mediators include the influence of the family and peer environment, and exposure to the media. In the second part of the review, we discuss the potential of psychosocial prevention programs to intervene in the processes involved in the rise of childhood overweight/obesity. Two points are emphasized. First, prevention programs should be multidisciplinary, combining the knowledge of experts from different professions, and taking into consideration the important role of the family environment and relevant influential social organizations, particularly school. Second, effective change is unlikely to occur without large-scale programs carried out on a public policy level. PMID:25133140

Stein, Daniel; Weinberger-Litman, Sarah L; Latzer, Yael

2014-01-01

321

Classroom Profiling Training: Increasing Preservice Teachers' Confidence and Knowledge of Classroom Management Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management is a serious concern for beginning teachers including preservice teachers. The Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment (DETE) has developed the Essential Skills for Classroom Management (ESCM), a system of positive and pro-active strategies for maintaining supportive learning environments. In addition, the…

Jackson, Cliff; Simoncini, Kym; Davidson, Mark

2013-01-01

322

Adolescents Leaving Parental Home: Psychosocial Correlates and Implications for Conservation  

E-print Network

Adolescents Leaving Parental Home: Psychosocial Correlates and Implications for Conservation Li An Angela G. Mertig Jianguo Liu Michigan State University To disclose the interplay between psychosocial between psychosocial factors and biodiversity con- servation. KEY WORDS: leaving parental home; Structural

An, Li

323

Socioeconomic Status, Psychosocial Processes, and Perceived Health: An Interpersonal Perspective  

E-print Network

Socioeconomic Status, Psychosocial Processes, and Perceived Health: An Interpersonal Perspective University ABSTRACT Background: Psychosocial variables, including stress, emotions, and social factors, may interpersonal theory (1) could provide a useful framework for research concerning the roles of psychosocial

Gallo, Linda C.

324

A global perspective on psychosocial risk factors for cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed

Worldwide, there is variation in the incidence CVD with the greater burden being borne by low and middle-income countries. Traditional risk factors do not fully explain the CVD risk in populations, and there is increasing awareness of the impact the social environment and psychological factors have on CVD incidence and outcomes. The measurement of psychosocial variables is uniquely complex as variables are difficult to define objectively and local understanding of psychosocial risk factors may be subject to cultural influences. Notwithstanding this, there is a growing evidence base for the independent role they play in the pathogenesis of CVD. Consistent associations have been seen for general psychological stress, work-related stress, locus of control and depression with CVD risk. Despite the strength of this association the results from behavioural and pharmacological interventions have not clearly resulted in improved outcomes. PMID:23621967

Neylon, Antoinette; Canniffe, Carla; Anand, Sonia; Kreatsoulas, Catherine; Blake, Gavin J; Sugrue, Declan; McGorrian, Catherine

2013-01-01

325

The Electronic Classroom. New Classrooms without Walls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how teachers can take advantage of the Internet to create classroom projects. The process involves locating collaborating partners via the World Wide Web, then determining which projects would be worthwhile to students. Presents guidelines for organizing a classroom project, discusses classroom considerations, examines teacher…

Barron, Ann E.; Ivers, Karen S.

1998-01-01

326

Psychosocial Aspects of Rheumatic Diseases  

PubMed Central

Chronic diseases have major effects on all aspects of a person's life. The physician should be aware of the psychosocial issues and responses commonly occurring during the course of chronic rheumatic disease. Management strategies are designed to help the patient and family cope successfully with the effects of the disease. Children with arthritis and their families present special problems in attaining their full potentials as they grow up. Compliance with treatment can be improved by education. A team approach involving physicians, allied health professionals, the patient, and the family is desirable for an optimal outcome. PMID:21233974

Jones, Edith

1990-01-01

327

Group Work and Electronic Meeting Systems: From Boardroom to Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies results from field and laboratory studies about business usage of electronic meeting systems (EMS) to the classroom setting. Argues that it transforms the classroom from a traditional instructor-centered environment to a student-centered environment in which students participate, participate more equally, and report a highly satisfying…

Tullar, William L.; Kaiser, Paula R.; Balthazard, Pierre A.

1998-01-01

328

Ten suggestions for a gender-equitable CS classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though considerable attention has been paid to the creation of a nurturing environment for women in the field of computer science, proposed solutions have primarily focused on activities outside of the classroom. This paper presents a list of suggestions for modifications to both the pedagogy and content of CS courses designed to make the CS classroom environment more inviting for

Kevin Treu; Alisha Skinner

2002-01-01

329

Embodying scientific concepts in the physical space of the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several simulation environments exist that create a place in which students can explore scientific phenomena. In this paper, we propose design guidelines for creating a classroom environment that puts scientific concepts directly into that physical space. We examine the results of two implementations of WallCology, which we characterize as an embedded phenomenon, in elementary and middle- school classrooms. Several instances

Peter Malcolm; Tom Moher; Darshan Bhatt; Brian Uphoff; Brenda López Silva

2008-01-01

330

Psychosocial and Family Functioning in Spina Bifida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A developmentally oriented bio-neuropsychosocial model is introduced to explain the variation in family functioning and psychosocial adjustment in youth and young adults with spina bifida (SB). Research on the family functioning and psychosocial adjustment of individuals with SB is reviewed. The findings of past research on families of youth with…

Holmbeck, Grayson N.; Devine, Katie A.

2010-01-01

331

The Relation of Individuation and Psychosocial Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors examined gender differences in levels of individuation, the relation of individuation and psychosocial development, and whether this relation is of a curvilinear nature. Two hundred and twenty-four students completed the Measure of Psychosocial Development (G. A. Hawley, 1988), the Level of Differentiation of Self Scale (LDSS; J. Haber, 1990a), and the Personal Authority in the

Jennifer Garbarino; John P. Gaa; Paul Swank; Robert McPherson; Linda V. Gratch

1995-01-01

332

Explorations in Knowing: Thinking Psychosocially about Legitimacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we look at what engaging with psychoanalysis, through psychosocial accounts of subjectivity, has contributed to our struggles for legitimacy and security within our ways of knowing. The psychosocial, with its insistence on the unconscious and the irrational, features as both a source of security and of insecurity. We use three…

Chappell, Anne; Ernest, Paul; Ludhra, Geeta; Mendick, Heather

2014-01-01

333

Psychosocial Treatment for Recurrent Genital Herpes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigned 21 individuals with recurrent genital herpes to psychosocial intervention, social support, or waiting-list control conditions. Those receiving psychosocial intervention (herpes simplex virus information, relaxation training, stress management instructions, and an imagery technique) reported significantly greater reductions in herpes…

Longo, David J.; And Others

1988-01-01

334

Psychophysical and psychosocial aspects of mammaplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an assessment of psychosocial implications of mammaplasty from a surgeon's standpoint. Motives of patients seeking mammaplasty and pressures of trends in behaviour are examined. Objective results are related to subjective postoperative reactions. In discussing possibilities and limits of corrective mammaplasty psychosocial factors are analyzed and guidelines for preoperative inquiries and indication are submitted. In our experience favourable

U. Schmidt-Tintemann

1978-01-01

335

Finding Autonomy in Activity: Development and Validation of a Democratic Classroom Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper developed a Democratic Classroom Survey to measure students' perceived democratic environment of the classroom. Perceived democratic environment is one of the most important variables for understanding classroom activity and indeed any type of group activity, but actually measuring perceptions in an objective manner has been…

Hur, Eun Hye; Glassman, Michael; Kim, Yunhwan

2013-01-01

336

The Dynamics of Motivation and Effort for Classroom Assessments in Middle School Science and Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation and effort patterns associated with achievement on classroom assessments in middle-school science and social studies were studied with a sample of 223 8th graders in different classroom assessment environments. Classroom assessment environments were characterized by student perceptions of the importance and value of assessment tasks,…

Brookhart, Susan M.; Walsh, Janet M.; Zientarski, Wayne A.

2006-01-01

337

Cross-national Consistency in the Relationship Between Bullying Behaviors and Psychosocial Adjustment  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether the relationship between bullying and psychosocial adjustment is consistent across countries by standard measures and methods. Design Cross-sectional self-report surveys were obtained from nationally representative samples of students in 25 countries. Involvement in bullying, as bully, victim, or both bully and victim, was assessed. Setting Surveys were conducted at public and private schools throughout the participating countries. Participants Participants included all consenting students in sampled classrooms, for a total of 113200 students at average ages of 11.5, 13.5, and 15.5 years. Main Outcome Measures Psychosocial adjustment dimensions assessed included health problems, emotional adjustment, school adjustment, relationships with classmates, alcohol use, and weapon carrying. Results Involvement in bullying varied dramatically across countries, ranging from 9% to 54% of youth. However, across all countries, involvement in bullying was associated with poorer psychosocial adjustment (P<.05). In all or nearly all countries, bullies, victims, and bully-victims reported greater health problems and poorer emotional and social adjustment. Victims and bully-victims consistently reported poorer relationships with classmates, whereas bullies and bully-victims reported greater alcohol use and weapon carrying. Conclusions The association of bullying with poorer psychosocial adjustment is remarkably similar across countries. Bullying is a critical issue for the health of youth internationally. PMID:15289243

Nansel, Tonja R.; Craig, Wendy; Overpeck, Mary D.; Saluja, Gitanjali; Ruan, W. June

2008-01-01

338

Designing the Electronic Classroom: Applying Learning Theory and Ergonomic Design Principles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies learning theory and ergonomic principles to the design of effective learning environments for library instruction. Discusses features of electronic classroom ergonomics, including the ergonomics of physical space, environmental factors, and workstations; and includes classroom layouts. (Author/LRW)

Emmons, Mark; Wilkinson, Frances C.

2001-01-01

339

Teaching Strategies Used to Maintain Classroom Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the ever evolving environment of the classroom setting the role of the teacher is constantly being challenged and the responsibilities remain the same. Teachers are required to create a safe learning environment for student learning. Although this is an overwhelming responsibility it is not impossible. This study explored teachers'…

Roman, Daniel

2007-01-01

340

Flipped instruction: an investigation into the effect of learning environment on student self-efficacy, learning style, and academic achievement in an Algebra I classroom.  

E-print Network

??This study utilized an explanatory mixed-methods research design to investigate the effect of learning environment on student mathematics achievement, and mathematics self-efficacy, and student learning… (more)

Wiginton, Barry

2013-01-01

341

Toward the virtual classroom  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) encourages its employees to remotely attend classes given by Stanford University, University of California at Davis, and the National Technological University (NTU). To improve the quality of education for LLNL employees, we are cooperating with Stanford University in upgrading the Stanford Instructional Television Network (SITN). A dedicated high-speed communication link (Tl) between Stanford and LLNL will be used for enhanced services such as videoconferencing, real time classnotes distribution, and electronic distribution of homework assignments. The new network will also allow students to take classes from their offices with the ability to ask the professor questions via an automatically dialed telephone call. As part of this upgrade, we have also proposed a new videoconferencing based classroom environment where students taking remote classes would feel as though they are attending the live class. All paperwork would be available in near real time and students may converse normally with, and see, other remote students as though they were all in the same physical location. We call this the Virtual Classroom.'' 1 ref., 6 figs.

Pihlman, M.; Dirks, D.H.

1990-01-03

342

Advances in the Psychosocial Treatment of Addiction  

PubMed Central

Synopsis The authors present an overview of empirically supported psychosocial interventions for individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs), including recent advances in the field. They also identify barriers to the adoption of evidence-based psychosocial treatments in community-based systems of care, and the promise of leveraging technology (computers, web, mobile phone, and emerging technologies) to markedly enhance the reach of these treatments. Technology-based interventions may provide “on-demand,” ubiquitous access to therapeutic support in diverse settings. A brief discussion of important next steps in developing, refining, and disseminating technology-delivered psychosocial interventions concludes the review. PMID:22640767

Dallery, Jesse

2012-01-01

343

Psychiatric and psychosocial consequences of pediatric epilepsy.  

PubMed

Psychiatric and psychosocial complications with pediatric epilepsy are more common than with other chronic medical illnesses. Epilepsy is a disorder of hyperexcitable neurons and may have direct neurophysiologic effects leading to psychiatric comorbidity. Epilepsy also requires significant lifestyle adjustment, and the psychosocial impact on children and their families may be severe. The scientific literature is underrepresented in terms of diagnosis and management of psychiatric and psychosocial comorbidity associated with pediatric epilepsy. However, recent scientific efforts have assisted in highlighting the impact of these comorbidities and in bringing them to greater clinical attention. This review incorporates the available evidence with an aim to describe effective strategies for diagnosis and management. PMID:18070674

Salpekar, Jay A; Dunn, David W

2007-12-01

344

The noise environment of a school classroom due to the operation of utility helicopters. [acoustic measurements of helicopter noise during flight over building  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Noise measurements under controlled conditions have been made inside and outside of a school building during flyover operations of four different helicopters. The helicopters were operated at a condition considered typical for a police patrol mission. Flyovers were made at an altitude of 500 ft and an airspeed of 45 miles per hour. During these operations acoustic measurements were made inside and outside of the school building with the windows closed and then open. The outside noise measurements during helicopter flyovers indicate that the outside db(A) levels were approximately the same for all test helicopters. For the windows closed case, significant reductions for the inside measured db(A) values were noted for all overflights. These reductions were approximately 20 db(A); similar reductions were noted in other subjective measuring units. The measured internal db(A) levels with the windows open exceeded published classroom noise criteria values; however, for the windows-closed case they are in general agreement with the criteria values.

Hilton, D. A.; Pegg, R. J.

1974-01-01

345

Understanding the Psychosocial Experience of Vitiligo in Understudied Populations: The Potential for Psychosocial Self-Help.  

E-print Network

??The literature review, which employed systematic search techniques, aimed to identify and critique the literature reporting on the psychosocial experience of childhood and adolescent vitiligo.… (more)

Taylor, Nick

2013-01-01

346

Aspects Psychosociaux de la Toxicomanie Juvenile (Psychosocial Aspects of the Juvenile Addict).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews literature on the psychosocial aspects of drug addiction in youth, with specific reference to youth in Quebec, Canada. It notes trends in drug use and discusses three factors in drug usage: availability of the drug, the environment in which the drug use occurs, and the personality of the adolescent. (JDD)

Tremblay, Yolande; And Others

1992-01-01

347

Correlates of Psychosocial Well-Being among Overweight Adolescents: The Role of the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnically diverse sample of at-risk-for-overweight and overweight youths (body mass index greater than the 85th percentile for age and gender; n = 667 male participants, and n = 684 female participants) completed a school-based survey measuring family variables (connectedness, mealtime environment, and weight commentary), psychosocial

Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Strauss, Jaine; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Story, Mary; Boutelle, Kerri

2007-01-01

348

Socioeconomic and psychosocial factors in the management and prevention of preterm labour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socio-economic factors associated with preterm labour include social class, (usually assessed by earnings and education), working conditions (professional status, ergonomic environment, working hours), physical and travelling activities, daily life activities, lifestyle, family status and psychosocial state as related to past and current pregnancy history together with current stress factors. A review of the association of these factors with preterm birth

Jean-Marie Moutquin

2003-01-01

349

Associations between peer bullying and classroom concentration: evidence for mediation by perceived personal safety and relationship with teacher  

Microsoft Academic Search

Being bullied is associated with a psycho-social maladjustment during childhood. One hitherto largely overlooked correlate is disrupted classroom concentration. Using data collected from 364 9–11-year-old children attending seven junior schools in the UK, we tested a model in which children’s perceived safety in two contexts (classroom and playground) and their perceived relationship with their teacher were hypothesised to mediate the

Michael Boulton; Helen Woodmansey; Emma Williams; Ruth Spells; Beth Nicholas; Eleanor Laxton; Gemma Holman; Elizabeth Duke

2012-01-01

350

Indoor air quality: A psychosocial perspective  

SciTech Connect

The incidence of indoor air quality problems has increased dramatically over the past decade. Investigation of these problems has yielded a definitive cause in only one third of the cases. Psychosocial factors may play a key role in the development and propagation of symptoms attributed to poor indoor air quality. Guidelines for managing indoor air quality problems from the organizational perspective are based upon psychosocial principles and elements of risk perception.

Boxer, P.A. (Metropolitan Clinic of Counseling of Ohio, Inc, Cincinnati (USA))

1990-05-01

351

Trout in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trout in the Classroom (TIC) is a conservation-oriented environmental education program for elementary, middle, and high school students. During the year each teacher tailors the program to fit his or her curricular needs. Therefore, each TIC program is unique. TIC has interdisciplinary applications in science, social studies, mathematics, language arts, fine arts, and physical education. In the program, students and teachers raise trout from fertilized eggs supplied by Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VGIF) hatcheries, in aquariums equipped with special chillers designed to keep the water near 50 degrees F. The students make daily temperature measurements, and monitor pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, and ammonia levels. They record their data, plot trends, and make sure that the water quality is sufficient to support trout development. The fingerlings, which hatch in late October, are almost an inch and a half long by mid-January. And towards the end of the school year, students will release the fry into VGIF approved watersheds. TIC programs have been in place all across the country for more than 20 years, and are the result of numerous collaborations between teachers, volunteers, government agencies, and local organizations like Trout Unlimited. The programs were designed specifically for teachers who wanted to incorporate more environmental education into their curriculum. While the immediate goal of Trout in the Classroom is to increase student knowledge of water quality and cold water conservation, its long-term goal is to reconnect an increasingly urbanized population of youth to the system of streams, rivers, and watersheds that sustain them. Successful programs have helped: connect students to their local environments and their local watersheds; teach about watershed health and water quality, and; get students to care about fish and the environment. In Virginia, the TIC program is now in its 8th year. Over the past year, the program experienced an amazing growth spurt. Thanks to AEP and Dominion grants and chapter fundraising efforts, we now have more than 200 classrooms throughout the state, ranging from elementary school through high school.

Heath, Thomas

2014-05-01

352

Classroom Management. TESOL Classroom Practice Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series captures the dynamics of the contemporary ESOL classroom. It showcases state-of-the-art curricula, materials, tasks, and activities reflecting emerging trends in language education and seeks to build localized language teaching and learning theories based on teachers' and students' unique experiences in and beyond the classroom. Each…

Farrell, Thomas S. C., Ed.

2008-01-01

353

Virtual Classroom Discussions versus Traditional Classroom Discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author of this paper designs, develops, and teaches online courses. This paper examines the students' constructive sociocultural interaction in which learning occurs. This paper compares the classroom discussions in virtual and traditional classrooms and analyses the virtual communication in greater detail according to their content.

Beate Baltes

2002-01-01

354

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Monitor the Implementation of Outcomes?based Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and validation of an instrument that can be used to assess students’ perceptions of their learning environment as a means of monitoring and guiding changes towards outcomes?based education. In the first phase, data collected from 2638 Grade 8 science students from 50 classes in 50 schools in the Limpopo Province of South Africa were analysed

Jill M. Aldridge; Rüdiger C. Laugksch; Mampone A. Seopa; Barry J. Fraser

2006-01-01

355

Competition in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares the strategy she adopted to even out the participation among her multicultural students during their classroom discussions. The author realized that her students had different concepts about the classroom and different philosophies about competition. For the Americans and Indians, the classroom was a site of…

Jameson, Daphne

2007-01-01

356

Psychosocial/cultural issues in medicine and psychiatry: treating African Americans.  

PubMed Central

In general, we are raised in a specific cultural environment, and consequently, we have a common sense of identity, shared standards, and religion. The effects of this commonality carries over into health-care situations, including health maintenance and disease prevention. This article provides an overview of how psychosocial/cultural issues have been used with insensitivity to race, culture, and the value orientations of African Americans. It is concluded that the training of all health-care practitioners should include psychosocial/cultural aspects of illnesses. PMID:8558616

Carter, J. H.

1995-01-01

357

Psychosocial Research on the International Space Station: Special Privacy Considerations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conducting psychosocial research with astronauts and cosmonauts requires special privacy and confidentiality precautions due to the high profile nature of the subject population and to individual crewmember perception of the risks inherent in divulging sensitive psychological information. Sampling from this small population necessitates subject protections above and beyond standard scientific human subject protocols. Many of these protections have relevance for psychosocial research on the International Space Station. In our previous study of psychosocial issues involving crewmembers on the Mir space station, special precautions were taken during each phase of the missions. These were implemented in order to gain the trust necessary to ameliorate the perceived risks of divulging potentially sensitive psychological information and to encourage candid responses. Pre-flight, a standard confidentiality agreement was provided along with a special layman's summary indicating that only group-level data would be presented, and subjects chose their own ID codes known only to themselves. In-flight, special procedures and technologies (such as encryption) were employed to protect the data during the collection. Post-flight, an analytic strategy was chosen to further mask subject identifiers, and draft manuscripts were reviewed by the astronaut office prior to publication. All of the eligible five astronauts and eight cosmonauts who flew joint US/Russian missions on the Mir were successfully recruited to participate, and their data completion rate was 76%. Descriptive analyses of the data indicated that there was sufficient variability in all of the measures to indicate that thoughtful, discriminating responses were being provided (e.g., the full range of response options was used in 63 of the 65 items of the Profile of Mood States measure, and both true and false response options were used in all 126 items of the Group Environment and the Work Environment measures). This presentation will discuss and expand on the lessons learned during the Mir study and relate them to future long-duration space missions.

Kanas, N.; Salnitskiy, V.; Ritsher, J.; Grund, E.; Weiss, D.; Gushin, V.; Kozerenko, O.

358

Psychosocial aspects of osteogenesis imperfecta.  

PubMed Central

Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders characterized by bone fragility and recurrent fractures. It is currently classified into four types on clinical grounds and appears to arise from different disorders of bone collagen synthesis. The biochemical identification of disturbances in collagen metabolism and the genetic delineation of new mutations of collagen genes have made prenatal diagnosis by molecular methods feasible in some cases. Most people with osteogenesis imperfecta suffer frequent fractures (and sometimes consequent serious disability), for which there are few effective preventive measures. This disorder may have a profound psychosocial influence on patients and their families. In this report the extent of this influence is reviewed and aspects important to the medical community are highlighted; these include the emotional burdens imposed by unfounded suspicions of child abuse, the social and financial costs of repeated hospitalization and immobility, and the frustrations generated by the lack of helpful, practical information for families and health care workers. An important social outcome has been the rise of self-help organizations, exemplified by the Canadian Osteogenesis Imperfecta Society. For Canadian families the society has been an important vehicle for exchange of information and an active, positive response to a lifelong, often severely disabling disorder. PMID:3756737

Shea-Landry, G L; Cole, D E

1986-01-01

359

3?Dimensional online learning environments: examining attitudes toward information technology between students in Internet?based 3?dimensional and face?to?face classroom instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

3?dimensional online learning environments can provide a means for users with limited connectivity to the Internet to participate as fully as their broadband?enabled peers in collaborative experiences, information sharing and feedback. Nearly 90% of the universities in the USA that support distributed learning programmes use web?based course delivery methods. Directors of these programmes state that web?based delivery allows them to

James G. Jones; Cesareo Morales; Gerald A. Knezek

2005-01-01

360

Crossroads...A Handbook For Effective Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A positive, preventive approach to discipline in the classroom is emphasized in this handbook of practical ideas for class management. Suggestions are made on the following topics: (1) handling the first day of school; (2) the physical environment of the classroom; (3) management routines; (4) teaching techniques; (5) motivating students; (6)…

Boules, Allen, Ed.; And Others

361

Digital Image Manipulation and Avatar Configuration: Implications for Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines concerns for inclusive classrooms involving personal digital image modifications and selections, as well as avatar configurations. Classroom interactions incorporate various dimensions of personal appearance; however, educators try to make them primarily about knowledge and wisdom. Students in environments where they can…

Oravec, Jo Ann

2012-01-01

362

Preservice Science Teachers' Perceptions of Their Practicum Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practicum experiences in schools are highly valued in science teacher education programs. Yet, there are few studies examining secondary preservice science teachers' practicum classrooms. This mixed-methods study explored secondary preservice science teachers' perceptions of their practicum classroom learning environments, interpreted from an…

Fazio, Xavier; Volante, Louis

2011-01-01

363

Classroom Amplification: Not Just for the Hearing Impaired Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the difficulties that children with central auditory processing difficulties can have in the classroom environment. Classroom acoustics that can hinder a child's accessibility to instruction are discussed, including open windows or windows not designed to be acoustic barriers, increased reverberation time in rooms with high…

Dahlquist, Lori Hubble

364

Welcome All Students to Room 202: Creating Culturally Responsive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author contends that, in many ways, our classrooms are like our homes. How much time, energy, and thought do educators devote to making the classroom (or school) environment welcoming for the students (their guests)? Expanding upon this analogy, the author equates preparing a meal for guests at her home with preparing the…

Ford, Donna Y.

2005-01-01

365

Situational Leadership and Innovation in the ESOL Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Situational leadership can be used in the English-as-a-Second-Language classroom to help students accept and adapt to instructional innovation. Leadership style is determined by the leader's task (directive) and relationship (supportive) behavior and by the classroom environment. Follower readiness is both job-related and psychological. Case…

Osburne, Andrea G.

1992-01-01

366

Activity-Oriented Classrooms. NEA Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to designing activity-oriented classrooms for grades K-3 is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 provides an overview of research findings concerning the way children learn and the environments that best facilitate their learning. Chapter 2, which explains ways to set up an activity-oriented classroom, covers the administration's role…

Cowles, Milly; Aldridge, Jerry

367

Otitis Media: Coping with the Effects in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum adaptation provides a methodology that enables the classroom teacher to recognize the needs of the otitis media-affected child in the classroom. It discusses areas of concern related to otitis media; suggests activities that can enhance these children's language skills; and shows ways to enhance the learning environment by…

Davis, Dorinne S.

368

The Challenge of the Classroom: A Political-Economy Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Societal and political and economic forces that affect college instruction are considered. Classroom interaction is affected by the culture, the personalities of teachers and students, and the social situation (the physical and social environment). All the factors that influence the classroom are affected by political and economic factors both…

Black, Charlene Rushton

369

Collaboratively Evaluating and Deploying Smart Technology in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For several years prior to 2000, students and faculty at McMaster University rated classrooms below those at peer universities. In the case of many classrooms, the teaching environments were outdated and the technology was old. The provost determined in 2000 that they needed to make a long-term investment in their learning spaces. For sound…

Strong, Bart; Kidney, David

2004-01-01

370

Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Improvements to Portable Classrooms in Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented from a 2-year experiment exploring ways to reduce energy costs and improve the learning environment in Florida's 25,000 portable classrooms. Improvements were made in two highly instrumented portable classrooms in the following areas: installation of a T8 lighting system with electronic ballasts; a high efficiency heat pump…

Callahan, Michael P.; Parker, Danny S.; Sherwin, John R.; Anello, Michael T.

371

Environment Environment  

E-print Network

the natural environment and public water supplies; · Changes in soil conditions and other aspects of the natural environment may affect biodiversity and the ability of many native Scottish species to thrive

372

Classroom acoustics: Three pilot studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes three related pilot projects designed to focus on the possible effects of classroom acoustics on fine auditory discrimination as it relates to language acquisition, especially English as a second language. The first study investigated the influence of improving the signal-to-noise ratio on the differentiation of English phonemes. The results showed better differentiation with better signal-to-noise ratio. The second studied speech perception in noise by young adults for whom English was a second language. The outcome indicated that the second language learners required a better signal-to-noise ratio to perform equally to the native language participants. The last study surveyed the acoustic conditions of preschool and day care classrooms, wherein first and second language learning occurs. The survey suggested an unfavorable acoustic environment for language learning.

Smaldino, Joseph J.

2005-04-01

373

Master Classrooms: Classroom Design with Technology in Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is changing the classroom requiring new design features and considerations to make the classroom flexible and interactive with the teaching process. The design of a Master Classroom, a product of the Classroom Improvement Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is described. These classrooms are specially-equipped to…

Conway, Kathryn

374

Psychosocial treatments for bipolar disorders.  

PubMed

Psychosocial problems may be causes or consequences of BP relapses,and adding psychologic therapies to usual-treatment approaches may improve the prognosis of those at risk of persistent symptoms or frequent episodes. The three core individual manualized therapies (IPSRT, cognitive therapy, and FFT) have all developed specific models for use in BP. Colom et al's group psychoeducation model also has a clearly developed rationale and format, and it allows individuals to share their views of BP with others, to learn adaptive coping strategies from the other 8 to 12 members of the group, and to have regular contact with an expert therapist. Careful review of the four more extended and comprehensive approaches and the brief technique-driven interventions demonstrates that the effective therapies incorporate one or more of the modules show in Box 1. At present,the choice between the four extended models is more likely to be dictated by patient choice or the availability of a trained therapist. The technique-driven interventions are briefer than the specific therapies (about 6-9 sessions compared with about 20-22 sessions) and usually offer a generic, fixed treatment package targeted at a circumscribed issue such as medication adherence or managing early symptoms of relapse. These brief interventions can be delivered by a less-skilled or less-experienced professional than the specific model. They potentially seem to be useful in day-to-day clinical practice in general adult psychiatry settings; additional larger-scale, randomized trials should be encouraged. Given the reduction in relapse rates and hospitalizations associated with the use of psychologic therapy as an adjunct to medication, it is likely that these approaches will prove to be clinically and cost effective. They may provide a significant improvement in the quality of life of individuals with BP (and indirectly to that of their partners and family members). Brief,evidence-based therapies represent an important component of good clinical practice in the management of BP. Studies of a comprehensive, whole-system approach to the collaborative psychobiosocial management of BP are being undertaken in the United States. If these approaches improve the quality and continuity of care for individuals with BP, they will have further implications for the delivery and organization of mental health services. The number and variety of trials of psychosocial interventions is exciting for researchers and clinicians interested in BP. Enthusiasm for advocating these approaches should be tempered by an acknowledgment that the trials undertaken so far largely demonstrate efficacy in selected samples of patients treated at specialist BP clinics or psychologic treatment research centers. Translating efficacy into effectiveness requires evidence that the approaches used in the treatment trials are equally beneficial when used by the wider therapist community treating patients seen routinely in non-specialist or nonresearch centers. These patients often have multiple problems or complex presentations that preclude their involvement in pharmacologic or psychologic treatment studies, but monitoring the outcomes of these representative samples will be important in determining the true place of psychologic approaches in the management of BP. Large-scale studies are now underway on both sides of the Atlantic (the Medical Research Council study in the United Kingdom and the STEP-BD project in the United States). These trials are likely to answer basic questions about the benefits and limitations of psychologic therapies in the acute and maintenance treatment of BP in the clinical realm and will increase understanding of the effectiveness-versus-efficacy question. PMID:15826737

Scott, Jan; Colom, Francesc

2005-06-01

375

The Effects of a Classroom Management Teacher Training Primary Prevention Program on Fifth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective Classroom Management II-Elementary (ECM), an in-service teacher training course, was evaluated. Grade 5 teachers were taught techniques in communication, classroom management, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals were to make classroom environments more responsive to students' affective and cognitive needs, thereby fostering positive…

Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

376

Using Tablet PCs in the Classroom: An Investigation of Students' Expectations and Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the current experiments were to investigate: (a) students' expectations with regard to the use of Tablet PCs within the classroom, (b) students' attitudes toward the implementation of Tablet PCs within the classroom, and (c) the resulting classroom environment from the use of various technologies. Results indicated that although…

Bonds-Raacke, Jennifer M.; Raacke, John D.

2008-01-01

377

Teachers' conflict management styles: The role of attachment styles and classroom management efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructive conflict management strategies are important in maintaining a positive classroom environment yet little is known about interpersonal or school variables associated with teachers' use of such strategies with students. Teachers high in self-reported classroom management efficacy (CMEFF) and security of attachment (low on avoidance, anxiety) were predicted to endorse use of positive classroom management strategies (e.g., integrating, compromising) more

Britta K. Morris-Rothschild; Marla R. Brassard

2006-01-01

378

Coming Out in the Social Work Classroom: Reclaiming Wholeness and Finding the Teacher Within  

Microsoft Academic Search

LGBTQ social work educators face challenges in the classroom. Social work professionals value knowing the self, yet there remains incongruence between that knowledge of the self and classroom practice. Parker Palmer in The Courage to Teach offers a framework for examination of the subjects that choose us, and fostering an environment of integrity in the classroom. Using key concepts—identity, integrity,

Trevor G. Gates

2011-01-01

379

NASA Classroom Bioreactor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Exploration of space provides a compelling need for cell-based research into the basic mechanisms that underlie the profound changes that occur in terrestrial life that is transitioned to low gravity environments. Toward that end, NASA developed a rotating bioreactor in which cells are cultured while continuously suspended in a cylinder in which the culture medium rotates with the cylinder. The randomization of the gravity vector accomplished by the continuous rotation, in a low shear environment, provides an analog of microgravity. Because cultures grown in bioreactors develop structures and functions that are much closer to those exhibited by native tissue than can be achieved with traditional culture methods, bioreactors have contributed substantially to advancing research in the fields of cancer, diabetes, infectious disease modeling for vaccine production, drug efficacy, and tissue engineering. NASA has developed a Classroom Bioreactor (CB) that is built from parts that are easily obtained and assembled, user-friendly and versatile. It can be easily used in simple school settings to examine the effect cultures of seeds or cells. An educational brief provides assembly instructions and lesson plans that describes activities in science, math and technology that explore free fall, microgravity, orbits, bioreactors, structure-function relationships and the scientific method.

Scully, Robert

2004-01-01

380

[Origin and development of psychosocial rehabilitation].  

PubMed

The main historical stages of the social rehabilitation of the mentally-ill patients show that the psychiatric hospital centred approach has been progressively cast off and therefore the creation of intermediate institutions and ambulatory care integrated in the city has been favoured. This has allowed the progressive development of the psychosocial rehabilitation. This reorientation of the medical practice towards the community was based on two specific and corollary approaches: the deinstitutionalisation and the rehabilitation, which have the common objective to facilitate the return of the patient in the natural social community. The psychosocial rehabilitation includes the deinstitutionalisation and the return to the community, in a holistic approach aiming at compensating for the psychosocial handicap induced by the mental illness. The concept of the psychosocial rehabilitation itself has been progressively elaborated over time. The initial enthusiasm was followed by a period of progressive disillusion, which was finally followed by the development of the psychosocial rehabilitation as a true specific clinical discipline, a topic in medical education and in scientific research. PMID:15209047

Grasset, François; Orita, Alina; Veillon, Henri; Cucchia, Anne-Thérèse

2004-04-01

381

Strategies to Address Common Challenges When Teaching in an Active Learning Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides practical strategies for addressing common challenges that arise for teachers in active learning classrooms. Our strategies come from instructors with experience teaching in these environments.

Petersen, Christina I.; Gorman, Kristen S.

2014-01-01

382

Environmental problem-solving: Psychosocial factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a study of individual differences in environmental problem-solving, the probable roots of these differences, and their implications for the education of resource professionals. A group of student Resource Managers were required to elaborate their conception of a complex resource issue (Spruce Budworm management) and to generate some ideas on management policy. Of particular interest was the way in which subjects dealt with the psychosocial aspects of the problem. A structural and content analysis of responses indicated a predominance of relatively compartmentalized styles, a technological orientation, and a tendency to ignore psychosocial issues. A relationship between problem-solving behavior and personal (psychosocial) style was established which, in the context of other evidence, suggests that problem-solving behavior is influenced by more deep seated personality factors. The educational implication drawn was that problem-solving cannot be viewed simply as an intellectual-technical activity but one that involves, and requires the education of, the whole person.

Miller, Alan

1982-11-01

383

Social support and psychosocial dysfunction in depression.  

PubMed

Influence of social support on psychosocial dysfunction was studied in fifty newly diagnosed patients with major depression, using Social Support Scale (SSS) and Dysfunctional Analysis Questionnaire (DAQ) to measure social support and psychosocial dysfunction respectively. Total score on SSS did not affect the dysfunction. A positive relationship was observed between items of SSS relating to care, concern and expectations from others and negative relationship observed between SSS items referring to socialization and dysfunction in social and familial areas. The relationship of social support and psychosocial dysfunction appears quite complex with certain elements of social support having a healthy and others having an unhealthy relationship. Since measurement of social support itself is accompanied by a number of methodological problems such as distorted perceptions of psychiatric patients about social support, this makes the relationship more complex. PMID:21743731

Chadda, R K

1995-07-01

384

On Blocks and Broccoli: How to Organize Your Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the organization of supermarkets to classroom environments. Emphasizes the efficient use of space with the use of containers, keeping materials in place, and grouping objects together. Provides suggestions on the use of color and adding storage space. (MOK)

Alexander, Nancy

1996-01-01

385

The relationship of death anxiety with age and psychosocial maturity.  

PubMed

For this study, 194 respondents completed a biographical data sheet, the Templer (1970) Death Anxiety Scale and the Constantinople (1973) Inventory of Psychosocial Development to help assess the relationship among death anxiety, age, and psychosocial maturity. Findings showed that psychosocial maturity was a better predictor of death anxiety than age was. However, both variables were significantly negatively correlated with death anxiety, revealing that as psychosocial maturity and age increase, death anxiety decreases. PMID:8636904

Rasmussen, C A; Brems, C

1996-03-01

386

The Classroom Animal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information on the earthworm. Reviews basic anatomical, behavioral, and reproductive facts. Offers suggestions for procuring, maintaining, and breeding colonies for classroom use. (ML)

Science and Children, 1986

1986-01-01

387

Considering the Chalkless Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares some personal reflections on several years of integrating educational technology into mathematics courses while retaining the direct interaction strengths of the traditional classroom.

Ellis-Monaghan, Joanna A.

2010-01-01

388

Building Psychosocial Programming in Geriatrics Fellowships: A Consortium Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geriatric psychosocial problems are prevalent and significantly affect the physical health and overall well-being of older adults. Geriatrics fellows require psychosocial education, and yet to date, geriatrics fellowship programs have not developed a comprehensive geriatric psychosocial curriculum. Fellowship programs in the New York tristate area…

Adelman, Ronald D.; Ansell, Pamela; Breckman, Risa; Snow, Caitlin E.; Ehrlich, Amy R.; Greene, Michele G.; Greenberg, Debra F.; Raik, Barrie L.; Raymond, Joshua J.; Clabby, John F.; Fields, Suzanne D.; Breznay, Jennifer B.

2011-01-01

389

Transforming Scholars: A Narrative Inquiry of Doctoral Student Psychosocial Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the doctoral student experience through the lens of college student psychosocial development theory. Although psychosocial development has been a mainstay in the research of undergraduate education, doctoral student psychosocial development has received little attention. The primary research objective was to engage, listen to,…

Tessmer, Kimberly Adkins

2012-01-01

390

Adolescent Psychopathology: II. Psychosocial Risk Factors for Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective study of adolescent depression, adolescents (N = 1,508) were assessed at Time 1 and after 1 year (Time 2) on psychosocial variables hypothesized to be associated with depression. Most psychosocial variables were associated with current (n = 45) depression. Formerly depressed adolescents (n = 217) continued to differ from never depressed controls on many of the psychosocial

Peter M. Lewinsohn; Robert E. Roberts; John R. Seeley; Paul Rohde; Ian H. Gotlib; Hyman Hops

1994-01-01

391

Psychosocial Intervention for Adults With Cancer: A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer affects a significant number of people and their families. In addition to physical symptoms, people with cancer experience considerable levels of psychosocial distress. Psychosocial oncology has been developed to address this distress. In this meta-analysis, psychosocial interventions for adults with cancer were systematically reviewed. A central finding was the dearth of clinical trials published by social work researchers and

Michèle Preyde; Emily Synnott

2009-01-01

392

Cultivating a Brain-Friendly Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has revealed remarkable data about the intricacies of brain-based learning and the integration of this knowledge into the academic setting. Prudent educators can create a brain-friendly classroom by developing an emotionally and physically safe environment, using laughter and simple exercises to eliminate mental cobwebs, creating…

Biller, Lowell W.

1997-01-01

393

Class Size and the Classroom Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is condensed from the topical kit, "NEA Focus: Class Size--A Critical Factor in Quality Education." It cites research on the effects of class size on classroom environment, pupil attitudes, and teacher morale. It also discusses the politics of class size and the advantages of small classes. (SJL)

NJEA Review, 1980

1980-01-01

394

Listening Technologies for Individuals and the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology has always been an important component of individualized education programs. The individualized education program process can be used to supply hearing assistive technology to students. One goal of audiologists and educators is to improve the acoustic environment of classrooms for all students by constructing school buildings…

Marttila, Joan

2004-01-01

395

Future Teachers' Classroom Applications of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teachers from North Carolina's public teacher preparation institutions were surveyed in 2002 and 2003 to learn about the environment in which they taught and the activities they undertook with respect to using technology. Responses regarding the "most successful" use of technology in the classroom were analyzed to determine if they…

Brawner, Catherine E.; Allen, Rodney H.

2006-01-01

396

Allowing "Artistic Agency" in the Elementary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author was interested in seeing what would happen if children were given more latitude when making art in school. In January 2009, he began by setting up environments in his classroom wherein he hoped his students would feel free to create self-initiated forms of artmaking. Two times each week an hour was set aside for an activity called Open…

Rufo, David

2011-01-01

397

The Heteronormative Classroom: Questioning and Liberating Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical examination of the ideologies and practices that educators bring to bear on their classrooms in order to create inclusive, safe, and welcoming environments for all children, but particularly for children with gender variant behaviors and interests. Using a feminist perspective, this article offers a new conceptual lens…

Garcia, Ana Maria; Slesaransky-Poe, Graciela

2010-01-01

398

Integrating Workforce Practices into the English Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that effectively preparing students for the challenges of an ever-changing workplace requires incorporating the use of technology and the principles of business management into the classroom environment. Summarizes the development of a formal team research project for an English course that teaches skills that include planning and…

Mayes, Donna

1999-01-01

399

Children's Interactions in Traditional and Nontraditional Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the development of a classroom interaction observation instrument, this report presents the results of a comparative study of group interaction in contrasting educational environments (open and traditional) with children of different socioeconomic backgrounds (middle and lower classes). Additionally, problems of adequately assessing…

Ross, Sylvia; And Others

400

A Question Library for Classroom Voting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Take a minute and imagine the ideal classroom learning environment. What would it be like? How would students learn? What would they be doing? Certainly, each student would be actively engaged in the lesson, exploring and discovering the key points. Perhaps students would work collaboratively, discussing various concepts and figuring out central…

Cline, Kelly; McGivney-Burelle, Jean; Zullo, Holly

2012-01-01

401

Understanding Incivility in the College Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, faculty have seen an increase in latecomers, sleepers, cell phone addicts, and downright disruptive students in their courses. Classroom incivility is the disruptive behavior that occurs in higher education learning environments at an alarming rate. Incivility is often a reciprocal process; both students and faculty may contribute…

Frey, Kristen A.

2009-01-01

402

Children's Voices: Talk in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to show teachers how to create environments that will encourage literate talk, not discourage it, this book discusses ways to organize classrooms that will support the sharing of books in the same way that book-loving families share books. The book builds on the interwoven nature of language, suggesting that by talking about books,…

Cullinan, Bernice E., Ed.

403

Creating A Safe, Supportive Math Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article presents ways in which mathematics teachers can help to create a secure, supportive classroom environment in which the students learn to not fear failure and to value making mistakes as an opportunity to learn and grow. Strategies for fostering perseverance and decreasing overperseverance are included.

Taplin, Margaret

2014-01-01

404

Psychosocial issues in long-term space flight: overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Anecdotal evidence of the individual and interpersonal problems that occurred during the Shuttle-Mir Space Program (SMSP) and other long-duration Russian/Soviet missions, and studies of personnel in other isolated and confined extreme (ICE) environments suggest that psychosocial elements of behavior and performance are likely to have a significant impact on the outcome of long-duration missions in space. This impact may range from individual decrements in performance, health and well being, to catastrophic mission failure. This paper reviews our current understanding of the psychosocial issues related to long duration space missions according to three different domains of behavior: the individual domain, the interpersonal domain and the organizational domain. Individual issues include: personality characteristics that predict successful performance, stress due to isolation and confinement and its effect on emotions and cognitive performance, adaptive and maladaptive coping styles and strategies, and requirements for the psychological support of astronauts and their families during the mission. Interpersonal issues include: impact of crew diversity and leadership styles on small group dynamics, adaptive and maladaptive features of ground-crew interactions, and processes of crew cohesion, tension and conflict. Organizational issues include: the influence of organizational culture and mission duration on individual and group performance, and managerial requirements for long duration missions. Improved screening and selection of astronaut candidates, leadership, coping and interpersonal skills training of personnel, and organizational change are key elements in the prevention of performance decrements on long-duration missions.

Palinkas, L. A.

2001-01-01

405

Psychosocial Determinants of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article was to identify psychosocial determinants of childhood and adolescent obesity. Some of the determinants were considered non-modifiable such as genetics, sex, age, and race. The risk of developing obesity started early on in life, with high birth weight, rapid growth in infancy, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and lack of breastfeeding indicated as positive predictors. Family

Manoj Sharma; Melinda J. Ickes

2008-01-01

406

Indoor air quality: A psychosocial perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence of indoor air quality problems has increased dramatically over the past decade. Investigation of these problems has yielded a definitive cause in only one third of the cases. Psychosocial factors may play a key role in the development and propagation of symptoms attributed to poor indoor air quality. Guidelines for managing indoor air quality problems from the organizational

Peter A. Boxer

1990-01-01

407

Identifying and Locating Complete Psychosocial Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reference librarians often encounter "instrument seekers," library users who need to find a complete psychosocial test, scale, or questionnaire to use or adapt for research or clinical use. This article focuses on the resources that can help to answer these types of questions. Reference books, monographs, journal articles, and online databases are…

Stover, Mark

2007-01-01

408

Toward a Concept of Psychosocial Maturity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first in a series of related reports (see TM 000 775), this paper attempts to define a concept of psychosocial maturity which would be appropriate as a comprehensive educational goal. Biological, sociological, psychological and temporal formulations of maturity are discussed and compared. Am interdisciplinary model of maturity is evolved which…

Greenberger, Ellen; Sorensen, Aage B.

409

Psychosocial Precursors and Correlates of Migraine Headache.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested the interactions of migraine headache cycles and sufferers' daily experiences of stressful events, emotional arousal, and physical activity. Results support a model of migraine characterized by parallel physiological and psychosocial instability during a 4-day cycle and by an interaction of personality and behavioral (self-reported stress)…

Levor, Robert M.; And Others

1986-01-01

410

Toward the Measurement of Psychosocial Maturity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of psychosocial maturity is reviewed in preparation for the exploration of the feasibility of constructing a scale that measures maturity. Investigation produced a preliminary 54-item scale with high reliability and moderate validity, which is appended. A factor analysis of the scale supports the a priori structure by the theoretical…

Greenberger, Ellen; And Others

411

Psychosocial research in traumatic stress: An update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents an update of psychosocial research in the traumatic stress field, presenting an overview of recent studies in several areas: the epidemiology of traumatic events and of PTSD in the general adult population, other diagnoses associated with trauma exposure and PTSD, the course and longevity of PTSD symptomatology, and risk factors for the diagnosis. Other areas of increasing

Bonnie L. Green

1994-01-01

412

Psychosocial Aspects of the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews recent research on the psychosocial aspects of the functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). A review and evaluation of existing literature was conducted by a multidisciplinary committee of ex- perts in this field. This report is a synopsis of a chapter published in the Rome III book. The committee reached consensus in finding considerable evidence supporting the association between

RONA L. LEVY; KEVIN W. OLDEN; BRUCE D. NALIBOFF; LAURENCE A. BRADLEY; CARLOS FRANCISCONI; DOUGLAS A. DROSSMAN; FRANCIS CREED

2006-01-01

413

Psychosocial Factors in Sunbathing and Sunscreen Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Excessive exposure to the sun has been related to the development of various types of skin cancer, but use of sunscreen decreases the risk. The present project was designed to empirically examine psychosocial factors in sunbathing and sunscreen use. One hundred twenty sunbathing and nonsunbathing beachgoers were interviewed about their health practices, knowledge about skin cancer, moods, and social rewards

Barbara Keesling; Howard S. Friedman

1987-01-01

414

Psychosocial treatment in the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 50 years, psychosocial treatment has played an increasingly prominent role in helping persons with mental illness live in communities rather than in institutions. This paper briefly reviews evidence for and discusses three forms of treatment–assertive community treatment, supported employment, and cognitive behavior treatment–which have been studied extensively and are widely accepted as effective interventions. Forces are discussed

Robin E. Clark; Mihail D. Samnaliev

2005-01-01

415

Survey Questions Answered Only by Psychosocial Experts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve tables provide a breakdown of answers to a survey responded to by 48 experts in the psychosocial treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in people with mental retardation. Questions address treatment of self-injurious or aggressive behavior, specific psychiatric disorders, specific target symptoms, use of applied behavior analysis…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

416

Psycho-Social Considerations of Environmental Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying psychological and sociological design considerations is a difficult matter. So much is hidden behind our normal, but biased, level of perception. The importance of psycho-social considerations can be drawn from an examination of the quantity and types of buildings produced today for human occupancy--office buildings, libraries,…

Izumi, K.

417

Black-White Differences in Psychosocial Maturity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present investigation reviews the racial comparison literature in order to make specific predictions about racial differences on the psychosocial maturity scale developed by Greenberger, Campbell, Sorensen, and O'Connor (1971). On the basis of this review, it was predicted that blacks would score lower than whites on the scale, and that this…

Starr, B. James; And Others

418

Psychosocial and Behavioural Aspects of AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychosocial and behavioural problems associated with AIDS were first described in 1984. They need to be understood in the context of different cultural settings. To date, most research emanates from the West where AIDS is largely associated with male homosexuality and intravenous drug use. Social stigma, ostracism and marginality are features of these associations. In developing countries, AIDS is primarily

Robert Bor; Lucy Perry; Riva Miller; Heather Salt

1989-01-01

419

In vitro fertilization children: Early psychosocial development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following community concerns regarding the status of children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). 33 children who had received pediatric follow-up were seen for a psychosocial evatuation. Parents were interviewed in a semistructured format by a child psychiatrist regarding their child's development, child-centered problems, parental problems, marital issues, parenting experience, and experience of the IVF program. The Bayley Scales of

David N. Mushin; Maria C. Barreda-Hanson; John C. Spensley

1986-01-01

420

Adolescent Suicide Risk: Four Psychosocial Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents. This study examined the suicidal ideation, behavior, and attempt history of 100 adolescents ages seventeen to nineteen. Four psychosocial factors were found to be important for overall suicide risk: hopelessness, hostility, negative self-concept, and isolation. It is suggested that focusing on…

Rutter, Philip A.; Behrendt, Andrew E.

2004-01-01

421

Is Subjective Status Influenced by Psychosocial Factors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Associations between subjective status and health are still relatively unexplored. This study aimed at testing whether subjective status is uniquely confounded by psychosocial factors compared to objective status, and what factors that may predict subjective status. Design: A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based, random sample…

Lundberg, Johanna; Kristenson, Margareta

2008-01-01

422

Can Measuring Psychosocial Factors Promote College Success?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the validity of psychosocial factors (PSFs) and other noncognitive predictors of college outcomes has largely ignored the practical benefits implied by the validity. We summarize evidence of the validity of PSF measures as predictors of college outcomes and then explain how this validity directly translates into improved identification…

Allen, Jeff; Robbins, Steven B.; Sawyer, Richard

2010-01-01

423

Psychosocial Intervention and Dementia, Part 11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the application of Allen's Cognitive Disability approach to the psychosocial care of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and other dementing conditions. It describes a behavioral hierarchy for evaluating the individual's competence to perform normal life activities. This iframework also suggests different strategies to be used to adapt normal life activities in order to promote maximal functional ca acities

LINDA L LEVY

1988-01-01

424

Service: Its Psychosocial Aspects and Psychospiritual Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on the keynote address that initiated the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association symposium on psychosocial aspects of rehabilitation, held at the 2002 American Counseling Association annual conference. It lays philosophical groundwork regarding the provision of general human services and, particularly, services…

Vash, Carolyn L.

2003-01-01

425

Psychosocial adaptation to stoma surgery: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade strong improvements have been made in the medical care of patients with a digestive tract stoma, particularly with regard to nursing skills and to the quality of collecting material for faecal products. Scientific investigation into the psychosocial adjustment of patients after stoma surgery has intensified as well, giving us indications for quality of life. These developments

M. J. T. M. Bekkers; F. C. E. van Knippenberg; H. W. van den Borne; H. Poen; J. Bergsma; G. P. van BergeHenegouwen

1995-01-01

426

The psychosocial costs of conflict management styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive effect of interpersonal conflict at work and adopting an integrating\\/compromising conflict style on workers' psychosocial wellbeing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 311 employed young adults completed an online questionnaire. Findings – Moderated hierarchical multiple regression analyses support the hypothesis that integrating\\/compromising interacts with interpersonal conflict at work to

Greg A. Chung-Yan; Christin Moeller

2010-01-01

427

Psychosocial and Behavioral Aspects of Bariatric Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bariatric surgery has become an increasingly popular treatment option for individuals with extreme obesity (defined as a BMI ? 40 kg\\/m2) or those with less severe obesity accompanied by significant comorbidities. Sustained postoperative weight loss and improvements in obesity-related health problems make bariatric surgery the most effective treatment for this population. Nevertheless, most experts agree that psychosocial and behavioral factors

David B. Sarwer; Thomas A. Wadden; Anthony N. Fabricatore

2005-01-01

428

Research into the environment of science laboratory classes in australian schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Existing instruments for assessing student or teacher perceptions of characteristics of actual or preferred classroom psychosocial environment are unsuitable for one of the most important settings in science teaching, namely, the science laboratory class. Consequently, the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI), was designed to assess student or teacher perceptions of seven scales: Teacher Supportiveness, Student Cohesiveness, Open-Endedness, Integration, Organization, Rule Clarity and Material Environment. An important feature of the design of the study was that the new instrument was field tested simultaneously in six countries: Australia, USA, Canada, England, Nigeria and Israel. This paper is based on a sample of 4643 students in 225 individual laboratory classes, together with the teachers of most of these classes. Preliminary analyses were used to shed light on various important research questions including the differences between Actual and Preferred environments, gender differences in perceptions of Actual and Preferred environment, the relationship between the science laboratory environment and attitude towards science laboratory work, differences between school and university laboratory classes, differences between teachers’ and students’ perceptions of the same laboratory classes, and differences between laboratory classes in different science subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Biology).

McRobbie, Campbell J.; Giddings, Geoffrey J.; Fraser, Barry J.

1990-01-01

429

Managing Classroom Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools need to meet unique problems through the development of special classroom management techniques. Factors which contribute to classroom problems include lack of supervision at home, broken homes, economic deprivation, and a desire for peer attention. The educational atmosphere should encourage creativity for both the student and the…

Long, James D.

430

The Caring Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a safe place in which to learn is vital to providing all students with equal opportunity. The Caring Classroom is a model for using adventure techniques to create a classroom community. It begins at the formation stage of group development by addressing cooperation issues such as using put-ups instead of put-downs, using active listening,…

Frank, Laurie S.

431

Effective Learning in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses an important and seldom addressed issue: learning. Not teaching, not performance, not "work": this book really is about learning, what makes learning effective and how it may be promoted in classrooms. The authors take the context of the classroom seriously, not only because of its effects on teachers and pupils, but because…

Watkins, Chris; Carnell, Eileen; Lodge, Caroline M.

2007-01-01

432

Promoting Classroom Technology Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test two hypotheses: (1) that participation in a course providing theory and practice in the classroom use of technology promotes its use and results in gained competence in technology use; and (2) that functional relations exist among the availability of technology in the classroom, technology utilization, and…

Rosenfeld, Barbara; Martinez-Pons, Manuel

2005-01-01

433

Evangelism in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is frequently said that evangelism or proselytizing has no place in the classroom. The purpose of this essay is to counter this generalization and to explore the nature of legitimate religious influence in the classroom. In doing so I will offer some criteria to help us determine what is and what is not acceptable by way of religious persuasion…

Thiessen, Elmer John

2013-01-01

434

The virtual classroom experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern technology creates an imperative for increasingly diverse classroom experiences. Both students and faculty can benefit from the constant technological advances occurring today. Students expect their educational experience to include the use of current technology, multimedia presentations of subject content, and engaging learning interactivity. A dramatic benefit can be achieved by the use of diverse tools, such as a classroom

Barbara Bernal Thomas

2003-01-01

435

Frontloading Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe a systematic approach to planning for the first days of school that is appropriate for today's demanding high school science classrooms. These strategies apply to any science subject and benefit student teachers, new teachers, and those teachers wishing to improve their classroom management skills. (Contains 3…

Roscoe, Keith; Orr, Kim

2010-01-01

436

Creating Better Classroom Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the perspective that the quality of teacher-made, small classroom tests has not improved, and may have declined in recent years. This decline may be due to the fact that teachers have come to believe that the kinds of objective items used in national standardized tests are the only item types appropriate for classroom use.…

Gulliksen, Harold

437

Competition in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that teacher use of competition in the classroom may lead to anxiety, aggression, or a decrease in self-concept among students and that learning to compete is not so important in a postindustrial society. Advocates cooperative classroom activities. (SJL)

Napier, Erv

1981-01-01

438

Speaking in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too much speaking and indiscipline in class is an on-going problem for any teacher, it is at its least disruptive and at most it destroys a good positive classroom atmosphere. This article recognizes this and continues this debate and suggests key clues to support teachers in their efforts to maintain a positive classroom atmosphere and discipline…

McBain, Robert

2011-01-01

439

Psychosocial factors in inflammatory bowel disease.  

PubMed

From the case example, it can be seen that when the physician considered the psychosocial aspects of the disease in the treatment of Ms. B, she was able to make a complete recovery, something the medications themselves had been unable to do. Although originally thought to be a purely psychosomatic illness, research in IBD in the past three decades has shown that psychosocial aspects are an important component of IBD, but they are not the cause of the disease. Several studies have indicated that stress can adversely affect the gastrointestinal tract directly, by altering inflammatory mediators and gastrointestinal neurotransmitters. To get a complete clinical assessment of how a patient is functioning with the disease, it is important to incorporate psychosocial information into daily patient care in addition to laboratory measurements of disease severity. How does one obtain the psychosocial information for an individual patient? An understanding of the positive and negative factors that may influence how a patient adapts to chronic illness is important, including the patient's social support system, the self-confidence of the patient, and the presence of any comorbid psychiatric disease. In addition, HRQOL can help the clinician identify areas that may be of concern to large groups of patients with the same disease. By incorporating information obtained through HRQOL and modifying it to the psychosocial situation of the individual patient, the treatment plan becomes a negotiated agreement between the physician and the patient. These steps may lead to increased compliance, decreased likelihood of misunderstanding between the physician and the patient, and improvement in the health status of patients with IBD. PMID:8809244

Talal, A H; Drossman, D A

1995-09-01

440

Distributed communication and psychosocial performance in simulated space dwelling groups.  

PubMed

The present report describes the development and application of a distributed interactive multi-person simulation in a computer-generated planetary environment as an experimental test bed for modeling the human performance effects of variations in the types of communication modes available, and in the types of stress and incentive conditions underlying the completion of mission goals. The results demonstrated a high degree of interchangeability between communication modes(audio, text) when one mode was not available. Additionally, the addition of time pressure stress to complete tasks resulted in a reduction in performance effectiveness, and these performance reductions were ameliorated via the introduction of positive incentives contingent upon improved performances. The results obtained confirmed that cooperative and productive psychosocial interactions can be maintained between individually isolated and dispersed members of simulated spaceflight crews communicating and problem-solving effectively over extended time intervals without the benefit of one another's physical presence. PMID:15835052

Hienz, R D; Brady, J V; Hursh, S R; Ragusa, L C; Rouse, C O; Gasior, E D

2005-01-01

441

Distributed communication and psychosocial performance in simulated space dwelling groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present report describes the development and application of a distributed interactive multi-person simulation in a computer-generated planetary environment as an experimental test bed for modeling the human performance effects of variations in the types of communication modes available, and in the types of stress and incentive conditions underlying the completion of mission goals. The results demonstrated a high degree of interchangeability between communication modes (audio, text) when one mode was not available. Additionally, the addition of time pressure stress to complete tasks resulted in a reduction in performance effectiveness, and these performance reductions were ameliorated via the introduction of positive incentives contingent upon improved performances. The results obtained confirmed that cooperative and productive psychosocial interactions can be maintained between individually isolated and dispersed members of simulated spaceflight crews communicating and problem-solving effectively over extended time intervals without the benefit of one another's physical presence.

Hienz, R. D.; Brady, J. V.; Hursh, S. R.; Ragusa, L. C.; Rouse, C. O.; Gasior, E. D.

2005-05-01

442

Creating a Positive Work Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author believes happy staff make for happy classrooms and happy classrooms make for happy children. However, with all the pressures facing child care programs--from the economy to state requirements--creating and maintaining a positive work environment becomes tougher and tougher. In this article, the author discusses the importance of…

Anderson, Susan

2010-01-01

443

Classroom Management and Students' Perceptions of Classroom Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of classroom management and the impact of classroom climate on student academic achievement has been independently documented by scholars. Less is currently know regarding the relationship linking classroom management and climate. Therefore, the purpose of this quasi experimental study was to explore the influence of classroom

Ratzburg, Susan A.

2010-01-01

444

Teachers’ practical knowledge about classroom management in multicultural classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating a positive working atmosphere in the classroom is the first concern of many student and beginning teachers in secondary education. Teaching in multicultural classrooms provides additional challenges for these teachers. This study identified shared practical knowledge about classroom management strategies of teachers who were successful in creating a positive working atmosphere in their multicultural classrooms. Twelve teachers were selected

Jan van Tartwijk; Perry den Brok; Ietje Veldman; Theo Wubbels

2009-01-01

445

Opportunities for Inquiry Science in Montessori Classrooms: Learning from a Culture of Interest, Communication, and Explanation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although classroom inquiry is the primary pedagogy of science education, it has often been difficult to implement within conventional classroom cultures. This study turned to the alternatively structured Montessori learning environment to better understand the ways in which it fosters the essential elements of classroom inquiry, as defined by prominent policy documents. Specifically, we examined the opportunities present in Montessori classrooms for students to develop an interest in the natural world, generate explanations in science, and communicate about science. Using ethnographic research methods in four Montessori classrooms at the primary and elementary levels, this research captured a range of scientific learning opportunities. The study found that the Montessori learning environment provided opportunities for students to develop enduring interests in scientific topics and communicate about science in various ways. The data also indicated that explanation was largely teacher-driven in the Montessori classroom culture. This study offers lessons for both conventional and Montessori classrooms and suggests further research that bridges educational contexts.

Rinke, Carol R.; Gimbel, Steven J.; Haskell, Sophie

2013-08-01

446

In War's Wake: Contextualizing Trauma Experiences and Psychosocial Well-being Among Eritrean Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines war trauma experienced by Eritrean youth, their psychological symptoms, and contextual factors related to their psychosocial well-being in the postwar environment in Eritrea. The youth offered retrospective accounts of trauma experiences in semistructured interviews that included open- and closed-ended questions and the administration of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. Among the ninety-seven youth in this school-based sample from

Nancy Farwell

2003-01-01

447

Quality in Inclusive Preschool Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Quality of care for preschool children in inclusive and noninclusive classrooms was examined in two studies. In Study 1, comparisons across a large sample of classrooms (N = 1, 313) showed that inclusive classrooms were higher than noninclusive classrooms in global quality as well as on two dimensions of quality…

Hestenes, Linda L.; Cassidy, Deborah J.; Shim, Jonghee; Hegde, Archana V.

2008-01-01

448

Teacher Practices and Hybrid Space in a Fifth-Grade Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing students with a classroom environment that allows for meaningful learning experiences is important for students to develop deep and long lasting understanding about mathematics. This article adds to the literature on learning environments in mathematics by presenting a case study of one fifth-grade mathematics teacher and her classroom

Cribbs, Jennifer D.; Linder, Sandra M.

2013-01-01

449

Training Pediatric Residents in a Primary Care Clinic to Help Address Psychosocial Problems and Prevent Child Maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe objectives of this study were to determine whether 1) residents trained in the SEEK (A Safe Environment for Every Kid) model would report improved attitudes, knowledge, comfort, competence, and practice regarding screening for psychosocial risk factors (parental depression, parental substance abuse, intimate partner violence, stress, corporal punishment, and food insecurity); 2) intervention residents would be more likely to screen

Susan Feigelman; Howard Dubowitz; Lawrie Grube; Jeongeun Kim

2011-01-01

450

Creating Effective Teams in a Classroom Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over a decade, companies have been concerned that new graduates are often not prepared to work in jobs where there they are required to contribute as a member of a team. In response, many educators have adopted team-based learning pedagogies, often referred to as cooperative learning. The use of teams has created additional class management issues and added to

Kathryn A. S. Lancaster; Cyndi A. Crother

2003-01-01

451

Virtual classroom environment using low bandwidth PSTN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes system architecture for peer to peer multimedia communication using low bandwidth lines such as PSTN. The intent of this research work is to provide multimedia lectures at remote areas where broadband internet access to students is not available or prohibitively expensive. The system attempts to mitigate the shortage of qualified instructors in far flung areas. Existing telecommunications

M. A. Saleem; M. Hussnain; S. Masud; A. Tariq

2008-01-01

452

Build a Positive Classroom Environment: Avoid Competition!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary teachers often instigate competition among their students through such common statements as: "Students who make 100 on the spelling test may have 10 minutes of extra center time" and "The most creatively written story this week will be placed on the bulletin board." While such pronouncements motivate some students into action, they…

Self, Nancy S.

2009-01-01

453

Classroom Design- Lessons from the Technology Trenches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site makes a CD available for purchase of the following instructional program: Beyond the instructor's skill, technology has had one of the single largest impacts in how students and faculty interact in the classroom. But the nature and boundaries of the learning space are constantly changing. Institutions are challenged to build classrooms smartly, ensuring technology supports the learning process, and that precious dollars and equipment are not wasted on learning environments that are factored late into the planning process. To design an electronic classroom that will have viability long-term, you have to design from the inside out. Changing your perspective will help you guide your campus toward decisions that not only support the educational mission with technology, but favorably impact many other factors, from cost effectiveness and upkeep, to future proofing ensuring that your campus classrooms will even have the capability to accommodate new technology. Join us for this informative webcast that will bring you insights on technology-enabled classrooms from different types of institutions- from the perspective of the technology specialist. Learn what has worked- and perhaps more importantly, what has not worked- from their perspectives. The insights you gain will ease your technology planning, inform your design process, and could save you thousands of dollars in technology purchases and upkeep.

2010-06-10

454

An Instrument for Investigating Chinese Language Learning Environments in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how a new classroom environment instrument, the "Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory (CLCEI)", was developed to investigate the nature of Chinese language classroom learning environments in Singapore secondary schools. The CLCEI is a bilingual instrument (English and Chinese Language) with 48 items written in both…

Chua, Siew Lian; Wong, Angela F. L.; Chen, Der-Thanq

2009-01-01

455

Flipping the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent trend in education is the "flipped" or "reversed" classroom. In this educational model, students view videos of the lectures as their homework and class time is used for activities and solving problems that might have been assigned as homework in a traditional classroom. Although far from an expert on flipping the classroom, I can see some merit in the idea. When students watch the videos at home, they can start and restart the lecture as often as they like. The lectures are also available for review before the exam. Class time can be used for higher-order questioning, experiments, and problem solving.

2012-11-01

456

Flipping the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent trend in education is the ``flipped'' or ``reversed'' classroom. In this educational model, students view videos of the lectures as their homework and class time is used for activities and solving problems that might have been assigned as homework in a traditional classroom. Although far from an expert on flipping the classroom, I can see some merit in the idea. When students watch the videos at home, they can start and restart the lecture as often as they like. The lectures are also available for review before the exam. Class time can be used for higher-order questioning, experiments, and problem solving.

Riendeau, Diane

2012-11-01

457

Psychosocial Outcomes in Children with Hemifacial Microsomia  

PubMed Central

Objective?To determine whether children with hemifacial microsomia (HFM) have higher risk for psychosocial problems than children without HFM.?Methods?One hundred and thirty-six children with HFM (64% male, mean age?=?6.9 years) were compared to 568 matched controls (50% male, mean age?=?7.0 years) on parent and teacher measures of behavior problems and social competence, and teacher rankings of peer acceptance.?Results?Parents of cases and controls reported similar levels of behavior problems and social competence. Teachers reported higher frequencies of internalizing problems, lower social competence and less peer acceptance for cases. Relative to controls, teacher-rated outcomes were worse for female cases, those with younger mothers at the time of birth, those with eye anomalies, and those with one or more malformations in addition to the core features of HFM.?Conclusions?This study provides the first evidence of relatively poor psychosocial outcomes among children with HFM. PMID:21345938

Speltz, Matthew L.; Kelly, Judith P.; Leroux, Brian; Collett, Brent R.; Werler, Martha M.

2011-01-01

458

Religious involvement, psychosocial resourcefulness, and health.  

PubMed

A stratified randomized sample of 525 middle age (35-64 years old) men was used to study the relationships between self-reported level of church attendance (CA), self-reported religious faith (SRRF), religious well-being (RWB), existential well-being (EWB), self-actualization (SA), health, lifestyle, and participation in physical activity (PA). Religious measures (RWB, CA, and SRRF) were found to be dependent on psychosocial variables in terms of their relationships with PA, lifestyle, and health. On the other hand, psychosocial resourcefulness (SA, EWB, social support, and stress management) showed independent relationships with lifestyle, PA, and health. These findings indicate that the positive associations of psychological and sociological constructs with health are not related to or dependent upon ego syntonic religious identity. PMID:21086171

Dreyer, Lukas I; Dreyer, Sonja

2012-12-01

459

Sex and Gender in the College Classroom: A Quantitative Analysis of Faculty–Student Interactions and Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students and instructors from 24 classrooms across 8 departments at a major university were observed in this study to (a) assess for sex differences in faculty–student interactions and in students' perceptions of their college classroom environment, (b) compare student perceptions of their college classroom interaction patterns with observed faculty–student interactions, and (c) assess a variety of demographic characteristics together to

Kristine L. Brady; Richard M. Eisler

1999-01-01

460

Psychosocial Functioning in Youth with Chronic Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A substantial number of children and adolescents experience chronic illness. Due to medical advances, many young patients\\u000a survive into adulthood. A chronic illness has the potential to affect several facets of a young patient’s life. The impact\\u000a that chronic illness may have on various domains of psychosocial functioning will be reviewed. Youth with chronic illness\\u000a and their families can experience

John A. Yozwiak; Regan E. Settles; Rachel F. Steffens

461

Psychosocial aspects of child and adolescent obesity.  

PubMed

In addition to counselling families about regular physical activity and healthy nutrition, clinicians need to identify and help them to address the psychosocial factors that may be contributing to their child's or adolescent's obesity. Affected individuals may suffer from depression, low self-esteem, bullying, and weight bias, experiences that can make achieving desired health outcomes more difficult. Clinicians should try to identify these underlying stressors and ensure that appropriate counselling is implemented. PMID:23543619

Nieman, Peter; Leblanc, Claire Ma

2012-04-01

462

Pain in the elderly: Psychosocial issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals age at varying rates and along physical, cognitive, psychosocial, and sociocultural trajectories.Thus, the elderly\\u000a comprise the most heterogeneous segment of the population. An understanding of the aging process therefore is crucial as the\\u000a framework for understanding pain in the elderly.Although pain is not a natural consequence of aging, many elderly persons\\u000a have health conditions that cause pain. Some elderly

Margaret C. Gibson

1998-01-01

463

Psychosocial issues during an expedition to Mars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much is known about psychological and interpersonal issues affecting astronauts participating in manned space missions near the Earth. But in a future long-distance, long-duration expedition to Mars, additional stressors will occur that will result in psychological, psychiatric, and interpersonal effects on the crew, both negative and positive. This paper will review what is known about important psychosocial issues in space and will extrapolate them to the scenario of a future manned space mission to Mars.

Kanas, Nick

2014-10-01

464

Classrooms matter: The design of virtual classrooms influences gender disparities in computer science classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments examined whether the design of virtual learning environments influences undergraduates’ enrollment intentions and anticipated success in introductory computer science courses. Changing the design of a virtual classroom – from one that conveys current computer science stereotypes to one that does not – significantly increased women’s interest and anticipated success in computer science. Effects occurred even when the learning

Sapna Cheryan; Andrew N. Meltzoff; Saenam Kim

2011-01-01

465

Classrooms Matter: The Design of Virtual Classrooms Influences Gender Disparities in Computer Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments examined whether the design of virtual learning environments influences undergraduates' enrollment intentions and anticipated success in introductory computer science courses. Changing the design of a virtual classroom--from one that conveys current computer science stereotypes to one that does not--significantly increased…

Cheryan, Sapna; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Kim, Saenam

2011-01-01

466

Buffering against Performance Classroom Goal Structures: The Importance of Autonomy Support and Classroom Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The culture of schooling in the United States has become increasingly focused on outwardly proving student competence. Some achievement goal theorists suggest that a major casualty of performance-oriented classroom environments may be student motivation for developing and improving competence. The present study extends across theoretical…

Ciani, Keith D.; Middleton, Michael J.; Summers, Jessica J.; Sheldon, Kennon M.

2010-01-01

467

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources and educational resources for the classroom.

468

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

04/24/2012 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program EHS0383 Electrical Equipment Inspector Training Course Syllabus Subject Category: General: Classroom & Field Location Training Frequency: One time Course Purpose: This course is designed

Eisen, Michael

469

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

_________ __________________ Training Program EHS 268 ~ Introduction to NFPA 70E Course Syllabus Subject Category: Electrical Safety11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety Course Prerequisite: None Course Length: 4 hours Medical Approval: None Delivery Mode: Classroom

Eisen, Michael

470

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training: None Delivery Mode: Off-Site classroom, CD, or via Internet Schedule: As required, established via air shipment 3) Safety training ­ which must cover the hazards presented by dangerous goods, safe

Eisen, Michael

471

Psychosocial effect of common skin diseases.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness of the psychosocial effect of acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature review was based on a MEDLINE search (1966 to 2000). Selected articles from the dermatologic and psychiatric literature, as well as other relevant medical journals, were reviewed and used as the basis for discussion of how skin disease affects patients' lives and of appropriate management. Studies in the medical literature provide mainly level III evidence predominantly based on descriptive studies and expert opinion. MAIN MESSAGE: Dermatologic problems can result in psychosocial effects that seriously affect patients' lives. More than a cosmetic nuisance, skin disease can produce anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems that affect patients' lives in ways comparable to arthritis or other disabling illnesses. An appreciation for the effects of sex, age, and location of lesions is important, as well as the bidirectional relationship between skin disease and psychological distress. This review focuses on the effects of three common skin diseases seen by family physicians: acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. CONCLUSION: How skin disease affects psychosocial well-being is underappreciated. Increased understanding of the psychiatric comorbidity associated with skin disease and a biopsychosocial approach to management will ultimately improve patients' lives. PMID:12046366

Barankin, Benjamin; DeKoven, Joel

2002-01-01

472

For the Classroom: Scrimshaw.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Procedures are described for practicing the art of scrimshaw in the classroom. Several materials are suggested for use. These include beef soup bones, old piano keys, nails, sandpaper, and lampblack or charcoal. (SA)

Current, 1979

1979-01-01

473

Toys in The Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of chemical concepts can be easily illustrated in a more friendly way to children by using toys as teaching tools in the classroom. Some of the examples illustrated are shrinking toys, drinking birds and hand boiler.

Sarquis, Jerry L.; Sarquis, Arlyne M.

2005-01-01

474

Craters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details an activity in which students create and study miniature impact craters in the classroom. Engages students in making detailed, meaningful observations, drawing inferences, reaching conclusions based on scientific evidence, and designing experiments to test selected variables. (DDR)

McArdle, Heather K.

1997-01-01

475

View from My Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the philosophy of a high school chemistry teacher, providing examples through classroom experiences, with emphasis on the use of demonstrations as instructional aids. Specific stoichiometry and conductometric titration demonstrations are discussed. (CS)

Harris, Sidney P.

1980-01-01

476

Culture in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culture plays a large but often unnoticeable role in what we teach and how we teach children. We are a country of immense diversity, but in classrooms the dominant European-American culture has become the language of learning.

Medin, Douglas L.; Bang, Megan

2014-01-01

477

Critters in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of invertebrates as classroom "pets" can develop students' skills in scientific inquiry and instill respect for science. Few materials are needed for projects involving invertebrates. Suggested activities using snails, crickets, earthworms, crayfish, and guppies are offered. (DF)

Smith, Robert W.; Fleisher, Paul

1984-01-01

478

Frontloading Classroom Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article, the authors describe a systematic approach to planning for the first days of school that is appropriate for today's demanding high school science classrooms. These strategies apply to any science subject and benefit student teachers, new

Roscoe, Keith; Orr, Kim

2010-07-01

479

The Classroom Space Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Classroom Space project aimed at revitalizing science education at Key Stages 3 and 4 by using exciting examples from Space Science and Astronomy to illustrate key science concepts. (Author/YDS)

Verbickas, Sarah

2002-01-01

480

Frontiers in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides examples of ways to use the television show "Scientific American Frontiers" in the classroom. Outlines a range of approaches and discusses some motivational techniques to engage students. (DDR)

Coyne, Janet Smith

1998-01-01

481

Psychosocial Impact of Lymphedema: A Systematic Review of Literature from 2004-2011  

PubMed Central

Objective This systematic review aimed to evaluate the level of evidence of contemporary peer-reviewed literature published from 2004–2011 on the psychosocial impact of lymphedema. Methods Eleven electronic databases were searched and 1,311 articles retrieved; 23 met inclusion criteria. Twelve articles utilized qualitative methodology and 11 employed quantitative methodology. An established quality assessment tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Results The overall quality of the 23 included studies was adequate. A critical limitation of current literature is the lack of conceptual or operational definitions for the concept of psychosocial impact. Quantitative studies showed statistically significant poorer social well-being in persons with lymphedema, including perceptions related to body image, appearance, sexuality, and social barriers. No statistically significant differences were found between persons with and without lymphedema in the domains of emotional well-being (happy or sad) and psychological distress (depression and anxiety). All 12 of the qualitative studies consistently described negative psychological impact (negative self-identity, emotional disturbance, psychological distress) and negative social impact (marginalization, financial burden, perceived diminished sexuality, social isolation, perceived social abandonment, public insensitivity, non-supportive work environment). Factors associated with psychosocial impact were also identified. Conclusions Lymphedema has a negative psychosocial impact on affected individuals. The current review sheds light on the conceptualization and operationalization of the definitions of psychosocial impact with respect to lymphedema. Development of a lymphedema-specific instrument is needed to better characterize the impact of lymphedema and to examine the factors contributing to these outcomes in cancer and non-cancer-related populations. PMID:23044512

Fu, Mei R.; Ridner, Sheila H.; Hu, Sophia H.; Stewart, Bob R.; Cormier, Janice N.; Armer, Jane M.

2014-01-01

482

Floor Plan Your Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource guides the learner, step-by-step, in creating a scale floor plan of a classroom. The instructions include sample drawings of student work. The activity includes: sketching a map of the classroom; measuring the room and calculating the area and perimeter; creating a scale drawing; and drafting a CAD (computer-aided design) floor plan. The lesson provides students with hands-on, real world practice solving problems of measurement, ratio, and scale.

2003-01-01

483

Data for the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Data for the Classroom collection gathers datasets that have accompanying instructional materials or other pertinent information for using the dataset in a classroom setting for grades K-16. The data may be numerical, visual, maps, charts, tables or images. The data may be observational, remotely sensed or model data. The primary component is that there are materials supporting the use and understanding of the data either by educators or directly by students. Additionally, the dataset itself is desribed.

484

Solar Powered Classroom  

ScienceCinema

A group of fourth graders in Durham, North Carolina, are showing America the way to a clean energy future. They are installing solar panels on their classroom roof for a project that goes above and beyond a normal day in school. From researching solar panel installation, to generating funds for the project via Kickstarter, these are students who put their plans into action. Their accomplishments go beyond the classroom and stress the importance of getting people of all ages involved in renewable energy.

none

2013-06-27

485

Solar Powered Classroom  

SciTech Connect

A group of fourth graders in Durham, North Carolina, are showing America the way to a clean energy future. They are installing solar panels on their classroom roof for a project that goes above and beyond a normal day in school. From researching solar panel installation, to generating funds for the project via Kickstarter, these are students who put their plans into action. Their accomplishments go beyond the classroom and stress the importance of getting people of all ages involved in renewable energy.

none

2013-06-13

486

Psychosocial Functioning, Personality, and Body Image Following Vertical Banded Gastroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In addition to increased risks of morbidity and mortality, extreme obesity is substantially associated with psychosocial problems.\\u000a Therefore, the ultimate goal of bariatric surgery should not only be reducing weight and counteracting comorbid conditions\\u000a but also improving psychosocial functioning. In addition to being an important goal of bariatric surgery, enhanced psychosocial\\u000a functioning may motivate patients to adhere to adequate health

Gerbrand C. M. van Hout; Frederiek A. M. Fortuin; Aline J. M. Pelle; Guus L. van Heck

2008-01-01

487

Science Sampler: Achieving Gender Equity in Middle School Science Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"I hate science. It's so boring. What's the point anyway?" Many middle school students feel this way, including the author and her best friend at the outset of seventh grade. However, their views of science soon changed when "Mrs. P" taught them to love and embrace science by creating a classroom atmosphere that promoted gender equity and success for all. Here the author shares how her beloved teacher was able to sustain gender equity by practicing the following five methods: consistently evaluating classroom dynamics, personalizing classroom structure, creating a cooperative learning environment, providing diverse role models, and being available for students.

Lee, Suzie E.

2003-01-31

488

[Psychosocial aspects of childhood epilepsy].  

PubMed

Epilepsy is without a doubt one of the most ancient and enigmatic conditions in the history of medicine, as it was already described in remote times. From the ancestral obscure understanding of epilepsy to the present, there have been important scientific advances in the knowledge of its diagnosis and treatment. The management of a child with epilepsy requires following a protocol that includes a detailed clinical and laboratory evaluation. All chronic diseases, and also epilepsy, are felt as a double aggression: 1) Internal, related to the changes that the disease causes, and 2) external, related to the tests, medications, excessive protection, and all the rules and prohibitions that are applied. The doctor (pediatrician, pediatric neurologist or epileptologist), when initiating a relationship with the child with epilepsy, is going to propose "a new code", often hard to accept. He is going to intervene far away from the crisis, or soon after it happened, in an environment characterized by significant anguish for the family. There is no question that the disease is difficult for the child, as it is also for the parents, who become responsible for a different type of care, are preoccupied daily about their son taking the medication regularly, and suffer awaiting for another crisis to happen. Epilepsy, more than other conditions, creates a high level of restlessness because of the spectacular, dramatic nature of its presentation and for the ancestral myths still attributed to it. For all these reasons, the diagnosis of epilepsy is frequently accompanied by three relevant reactions in the family: anxiety, guilt and aggressiveness. The intervention of the doctor in the treatment of childhood epilepsy must be "global". With mystic devotion, the doctor must embrace the true Hippocratic concept of patient care. PMID:19239997

Sell Salazar, Fernando

2009-01-01

489

ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL FUNCTIONING AND SCHOOL SUPPORTIVENESS IN MALAYSIA.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation focuses on conceptualizing psychosocial functioning in Malaysian adolescents, and understanding school factors related to these outcomes, so as to eventually assist school staff… (more)

Gomez, Brendan

2005-01-01

490

Materialism and psychosocial maladjustment: What accounts for the relation? .  

E-print Network

??This dissertation examined what may account for materialism's relations with psychosocial maladjustment (PM). Materialism is a multi-faceted construct that may differentially involve behavioral tendencies or… (more)

Miller, Seraphine Shen, 1977-

2009-01-01

491

Investigation of VOCs and PM{sub 2.5} concentrations at two classrooms with or without air conditioning in Hong Kong  

SciTech Connect

The indoor and outdoor levels of VOCs and PM{sub 2.5} were measured at two classrooms of two schools; one is naturally ventilated, while the other had two window type air-conditioners and four exhaust fans. The ventilation rates at the two classrooms were 0.937 ACH (Classroom A) and 0.217 ACH (Classroom B). Both classrooms had ventilation requirements below the ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 assuming that the outdoor contaminant levels were within the ASHRAE requirements. The abundance and concentration of volatile organic species found indoors and outdoors of Classroom B were higher than Classroom A since Classroom B is located in a heavily trafficked area. The classroom without air-conditioner (A) had higher I/O ratios than Classroom B due to the higher ventilation rates. The air-conditioner, though not providing enough fresh air to the classroom, might act as a barrier for outdoor pollutants. The reduction of PM2.5 levels Classroom A was 30% and at Classroom B was 67%. The air-conditioning system in Classroom B could be removing some of the fine particulate matter from the outdoor supply air before entering the classroom. The use of air-conditioners can keep outdoor pollutants from entering the classroom, but could increase the level of indoor produced pollutant. From this study, air-conditioning systems in classroom somehow prevent pollutants from entering, and besides used to lowering environmental noise should be encouraged at schools located in heavily polluted environments.

Chang, M.; Lee, S.C.

1999-07-01

492

Reflections from the Neck Down: Embodied Learning in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mind/body split internalized in Western culture does not acknowledge the body's role in learning. Three environmental education teachers' techniques for engaging all the senses to enhance other ways of knowing include: a comfortable classroom environment, experiencing the natural environment, playfulness, imagination, storytelling, crafting…

Barndt, Deborah; MacEachren, Zabe; Rigby, Heather

1999-01-01

493

Supporting the Outdoor Classroom: An Archaeo-Astronomy Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Field trips and the outdoor classroom are a vital part of many areas of education. Ideally, the content should be taught within a realistic environment rather than just by providing a single field trip at the end of a course. The archaeo-astronomy project located at Nottingham Trent University envisages the development of a virtual environment

Brown, Daniel; Francis, Robert; Alder, Andy

2013-01-01

494

Use of a virtual community as a psychosocial support system in pediatric transplantation  

E-print Network

Use of a virtual community as a psychosocial support system in pediatric transplantation factors. A variety of psychosocial prob- lems including anxiety, depression, helplessness, boredom of a virtual community as a psychosocial support system in pediatric transplantation. Pediatr

Bers, Marina Umaschi

495

Psychiatric and Psychosocial Problems in Adults with Normal-Intelligence Autism Spectrum Disorders  

E-print Network

- 1 - Psychiatric and Psychosocial Problems in Adults with Normal-Intelligence Autism Spectrum. Studies of clinical and psychosocial outcome in adult patients without concomitant intellectual disability research criteria, patterns of comorbid psychopathology and psychosocial outcome were assessed in 122

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

The (co-)occurrence of problematic video gaming, substance use, and psychosocial problems in adolescents  

PubMed Central

Abstract Aims: The current study explored the nature of problematic (addictive) video gaming (PVG) and the association with game type, psychosocial health, and substance use. Methods: Data were collected using a paper and pencil survey in the classroom setting. Three samples were aggregated to achieve a total sample of 8478 unique adolescents. Scales included measures of game use, game type, the Video game Addiction Test (VAT), depressive mood, negative self-esteem, loneliness, social anxiety, education performance, and use of cannabis, alcohol and nicotine (smoking). Results: Findings confirmed problematic gaming is most common amongst adolescent gamers who play multiplayer online games. Boys (60%) were more likely to play online games than girls (14%) and problematic gamers were more likely to be boys (5%) than girls (1%). High problematic gamers showed higher scores on depressive mood, loneliness, social anxiety, negative self-esteem, and self-reported lower school performance. Nicotine, alcohol, and cannabis using boys were almost twice more likely to report high PVG than non-users. Conclusions: It appears that online gaming in general is not necessarily associated with problems. However, problematic gamers do seem to play online games more often, and a small subgroup of gamers – specifically boys – showed lower psychosocial functioning and lower grades. Moreover, associations with alcohol, nicotine, and cannabis use are found. It would appear that problematic gaming is an undesirable problem for a small subgroup of gamers. The findings encourage further exploration of the role of psychoactive substance use in problematic gaming. PMID:25317339

VAN ROOIJ, ANTONIUS J.; KUSS, DARIA J.; GRIFFITHS, MARK D.; SHORTER, GILLIAN W.; SCHOENMAKERS, M. TIM; VAN DE MHEEN, DIKE

2014-01-01

497

Psychosocial and physiological correlates of male gender role stress among employed adults.  

PubMed

Previous research has identified male gender role stress (MGRS) as a construct that leads men, as a function of traditional socialization processes, to appraise certain situations in ways that produce psychosocial and physiological distress. Because the initial research was based on college undergraduates, the current study explored the relationship of MGRS to psychosocial and physiological risk factors for cardiovascular disease among employed adults. As predicted, men obtained significantly higher scores than women on a measure, the MGRS Scale, developed to assess this construct. Women with elevated MGRS Scale scores, however, experienced undesirable outcomes much the same as their male counterparts. Specifically, MGRS Scale scores were significantly associated with Type A behavior, hostility, personal loss, life dissatisfaction, and elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The authors discuss possible environmental contributors to the development and maintenance of MGRS, including organizational factors associated with male-dominated work environments. PMID:1878613

Watkins, P L; Eisler, R M; Carpenter, L; Schechtman, K B; Fisher, E B

1991-01-01

498

Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: school victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment.  

PubMed

Past research documents that both adolescent gender nonconformity and the experience of school victimization are associated with high rates of negative psychosocial adjustment. Using data from the Family Acceptance Project's young adult survey, we examined associations among retrospective reports of adolescent gender nonconformity and adolescent school victimization due to perceived or actual lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) status, along with current reports of life satisfaction and depression. The participants included 245 LGBT young adults ranging in age from 21 to 25 years. Using structural equation modeling, we found that victimization due to perceived or actual LGBT status fully mediates the association between adolescent gender nonconformity and young adult psychosocial adjustment (i.e., life satisfaction and depression). Implications are addressed, including specific strategies that schools can implement to provide safer environments for gender-nonconforming LGBT students. PMID:20822214

Toomey, Russell B; Ryan, Caitlin; Diaz, Rafael M; Card, Noel A; Russell, Stephen T

2010-11-01

499

An Examination of the Applications of Constitutional Concepts as an Approach to Classroom Management: Four Studies of Judicious Discipline in Various Classroom Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a composite of four separate research studies conducted to assess the impact of constitutional language on classroom environments. The studies were designed to examine the uses of "Judicious Discipline" in a variety of classrooms and how the use of a common language based on rights and responsibilities affected the behavior of…

McEwan, Barbara; Gathercoal, Paul; Nimmo, Virginia

500

Breaking the Code: Changing Our Thinking about Children's Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the responsibility of educators and architects of classrooms to create spaces that promote positive relationships between people and their environments. Life in early childhood classrooms organizes and clusters around the relationships between adults, children, and the space they occupy. Classrooms become living systems, which experience…

Duncan, Sandra

2011-01-01