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1

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

2

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

Burton, Geoffrey R.

3

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

Liu, Taosheng

4

Computer applications in clinical psychology  

E-print Network

The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

Zamo?teanu, Alina Oana

2012-01-01

5

3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

1 2 Contacts 3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology 4 Entry Requirements 6 Scholarship Justice Psychology 16 Overview of Programme 40 Clinical Placements 41 Profile of Employment Post to give an overview of the Clinical Psychology Programme. Information contained in this publication

Hickman, Mark

6

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2013--2014 The University of Glasgow, charity no. SC004401 #12;#12;DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY HANDBOOK Page 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.2 The Doctorate In Clinical Psychology .................................................... 19 3

Guo, Zaoyang

7

Clinical psychology and evolutionary psychology: Toward a dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychol- ogy are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

8

pSychology, clinicAl-coMMunity  

E-print Network

pSychology, clinicAl-coMMunity College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology 907-474-7012 uaf in clinical-community psychology is accredited by the American Psychological Association as a clinical psychology program. The PhD program in clinical-community psychology with a rural, indigenous emphasis

Hartman, Chris

9

Revised May 2013 CRICOS Provider #00120C Research School of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Revised May 2013 CRICOS Provider #00120C Research School of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology This form must be returned to the ANU with your formal application for study by 31 Psychology (coursework) 9063 Doctor of Psychology (Clinical) (research) 9064 Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical

Botea, Adi

10

Revised Sept 2010 CRICOS Provider #00120C Department of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Revised Sept 2010 CRICOS Provider #00120C Department of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology This form must be returned to the ANU with your formal application for study by 31 Psychology (coursework) 9063 Doctor of Psychology (Clinical) (research) 9064 Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical

Botea, Adi

11

The Department of Psychology conducts research and applied training at the doctoral level in Clinical Psychology and Applied Social Psychology. The Clinical  

E-print Network

); the Applied Cognition Lab (Dr. A. Scoboria); and the Eating Disorder & Anxiety Research Lab (Dr. J. Jarry at the doctoral level in Clinical Psychology and Applied Social Psychology. The Clinical Psychology Program

12

Rating Sheet Core Competencies of Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Rating Sheet Core Competencies of Clinical Psychology Directions: Please rate the student of these competencies at the "Meets Expectations" level or better. Students may ask to be rated on the Teaching competency. Student Name: Date of Evaluation: Evaluator: Does not meet expectations Meets expectations

Sanders, Matthew

13

Sleep Education in Clinical Psychology Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although sleep disturbances are comorbid with most psychiatric disorders and both intensify and exacerbate psychiatric distress, graduate clinical psychology programs provide little training in the assessment of sleep and the treatment of sleep disorders in general practice. To address this, a curriculum for a 10-week, 15-module online course on sleep is presented, including rationale for the chosen content and representative

John T. Peachey; Diane C. Zelman

2012-01-01

14

Understanding egorrhea from cultural-clinical psychology  

PubMed Central

Based on his observations in Japanese clinical settings, Fujinawa (1972) conceptualized egorrhea syndrome, which includes symptoms such as erythrophobia, fear of eye-to-eye confrontation, olfactory reference syndrome, delusions of soliloquy, delusions of sleep talking, and thought broadcasting. The key feature of this syndrome is self-leakage, a perceived sense that one's personal internal information, such as feelings and thoughts, are leaking out. To reach a more comprehensive understanding of egorrhea, this paper aims to present general overview and reconsider the phenomenon of self-leakage using cultural-clinical psychology as a framework. First, the symptoms of egorrhea are reviewed in relation to other related psychopathologies such as social anxiety disorder (SAD) and taijin kyofusho (TKS), as well as schizophrenia. Second, a series of empirical studies conducted using Japanese non-clinical samples are summarized. The results of these studies form the basis for subsequent discussions, which incorporates the cultural-clinical psychology perspective proposed by Ryder et al. (2011). This paper ends with a general discussion regarding implications for research and clinical practice. PMID:24348445

Sasaki, Jun; Wada, Kaori; Tanno, Yoshihiko

2013-01-01

15

Applied cognitive psychology: Implications of cognitive psychology for clinical psychology and psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Cognitive psychology has made numerous contributions to clinical psychology, and these contributions are considered especially with reference to the anxiety disorders. It is argued that there are four major contributions that can be identified. First, the cognitive approach has led to the development of complex models showing the main cognitive processes and structures of relevance to an understanding of anxiety disorders. Second, controlled laboratory studies permit a more detailed investigation of cognitive biases in anxious patients than generally is feasible in more naturalistic settings. Third, the cognitive approach provides relevant evidence with respect to the issue of whether cognitive biases play a role in the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders. Fourth, the enhanced understanding of the anxiety disorders that has arisen from the cognitive approach has had beneficial effects on therapeutic practice in a number of significant ways. In sum, it is claimed that clinical psychology has benefited considerably from cognitive theory and research. PMID:15022269

Eysenck, Michael W

2004-04-01

16

Lightner Witmer: Little-Known Founder of Clinical Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lightner Witmer inaugurated the first psychological clinic in 1896, and he also took a number of other crucial steps in establishing and defining the field of clinical psychology. Witmer was one of the early group of Americans who took their doctorates under Wilhelm Wundt. He was a charter member of the American Psychological Association and the last to die. Clearly,

Paul McReynolds

1987-01-01

17

Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America  

E-print Network

Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America Capital Area Food Bank (CAFB) Center Children The Young Women's Project (YWP) United Way of South Hampton Roads Virginia Zoological Society Psychology Clinical Sites For Internship Barrett Transitional Home Behavioral Psychology Research

18

Predictors of Psychological Distress among Infertility Clinic Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated predictors of psychological distress among infertility clinic patients. Analyses indicated that infertile men and women reported greater psychological distress than the general population. Self-blame and avoidance coping significantly predicted psychological distress among men and women. Increased age and childlessness added to

Morrow, Kelly A.; And Others

1995-01-01

19

MAKING THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY CLINICALLY AND PHILOSOPHICALLY RELEVANT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses ways to make the history of psychology course relevant for a clinical psychology doctoral program within a multidenominational Protestant theological seminary. She uses a personalist orientation to emphasize the need to integrate psychology, philosophy, and theology. She differentiates among the intrapersonal, interpersonal, impersonal, and transpersonal dimensions of experience. She illustrates the rich multidisciplinary historical roots of contemporary

Hendrika Vande Kemp

2002-01-01

20

CLINICAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY New York Presbyterian Hospital  

E-print Network

in individual, group, parent training, and family therapy. Supervision is provided from various orientations and Depression Clinic : This clinic offers individual, family and group psychotherapy for children individual, group and family therapy in addition to psychological testing with the children

Salzman, Daniel

21

Antireligious Prejudice in Admissions to Doctoral Programs in Clinical Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The probability that a conservative Christian applicant would be admitted to a clinical psychology graduate program was assessed. A mock application to graduate school was mailed to profesors of clinical psychology. Results indicated that subjects were more likely to admit an applicant who made no mention of religion than they were to admit an otherwise identical applicant who was identified

John D. Gartner

1986-01-01

22

A reassessment of clinical psychology as an applied science.  

PubMed

This paper advocates discarding the notion of clinical psychology as an applied science, with its emphasis upon the use of prevalidated procedures of assessment and treatment. The grounds are that, in scientific principle, there is no difference between practical clinical work and research. Each aims at maximizing the accuracy of our ideas about psychological dysfunctions and their manipulation, both therapeutic and experimental. They differ in: their general purpose; and the greater accuracy of research. One should therefore think in terms of a scientific approach to practical clinical psychology, conceptualizing it as a branch of psychological science. In assessment, the research finding of the relative specificity of psychological responses leads to describing and explaining each patient's particular psychological dysfunctions; using information-seeking interviews supplemented by the few validated procedures, and seeking guidance from general psychological and interview research and from general scientific method. In treatment, the main consequence is the development, in the course of clinical work, of therapies which: derive from general psychological and clinical research; are dysfunction-oriented; are critically eclectic; monitor outcome; and evaluate therapists' behaviour. Finally, the scientific approach requires evaluation studies of both assessment and treatment. PMID:3971064

Shapiro, M B

1985-02-01

23

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the  

E-print Network

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the doctorate (Ph.D.) in psychology and for careers combining research and clinical practice. The program is fully accredited by the American Psychological Association

Thomas, Andrew

24

Stress Management Training in Health Psychology Practice: Critical Clinical Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stress management training interventions have become one of the most popular treatment programs in health psychology practice. Although numerous clinical approaches are available, limited attention is given to the matching of intervention with the clinical needs of individuals. As a result, stress management programs are more frequently marketed in clinical and community settings as palliative techniques without sufficient exploration of

J. Bruce Hillenberg; Thomas M. DiLorenzo

1987-01-01

25

The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and  

E-print Network

Files 5.7 Limits and Disclosures SECTION VI: INFORMED CONSENT 6.1 Adult Consent Form 6.2 Adolescent Consent Form 6.3 Group Consent Form 6.4 Informed Consent and Fee Agreement Form 6.5 Disclosure of Client Evaluations Using Psychological Tests 10.4 Informed Consent for Assessments 10.5 Release of Test Data

Zhang, Yuanlin

26

Doctoral Internship in Clinical & Community Psychology The Yale Experience will change you professionally --and personally.  

E-print Network

Internship in Clinical & Community Psychology The Yale Experience will change you professionally internships in clinical and community psychology, developing the next generation. Philosophy The internship year is a supervised, intensive, experiential learning

Johnson, Marcia K.

27

Psychological, Behavioral, and Immune Changes After a Psychological Intervention: A Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Purpose This randomized clinical trial tests the hypothesis that a psychological intervention can reduce emotional distress, improve health behaviors and dose-intensity, and enhance immune responses. Patients and Methods We studied 227 women who were surgically treated for regional breast cancer. Before adjuvant therapy, women completed interviews and questionnaires assessing emotional distress, social adjustment, and health behaviors. A 60-mL blood sample was drawn for immune assays. Patients were randomly assigned to either the intervention group or assessment only group. The intervention was conducted in small patient groups, with one session per week for 4 months. The sessions included strategies to reduce stress, improve mood, alter health behaviors, and maintain adherence to cancer treatment and care. Reassessment occurred after completion of the intervention. Results As predicted, patients receiving the intervention showed significant lowering of anxiety, improvements in perceived social support, improved dietary habits, and reduction in smoking (all P < .05). Analyses of adjuvant chemotherapy dose-intensity revealed significantly more variability (ie, more dispersion in the dose-intensity values) for the assessment arm (P < .05). Immune responses for the intervention patients paralleled their psychological and behavioral improvements. T-cell proliferation in response to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A remained stable or increased for the Intervention patients, whereas both responses declined for Assessment patients; this effect was replicated across three concentrations for each assay (all P < .01). Conclusion These data show a convergence of significant psychological, health behavior, and biologic effects after a psychological intervention for cancer patients. PMID:15337807

Andersen, Barbara L.; Farrar, William B.; Golden-Kreutz, Deanna M.; Glaser, Ronald; Emery, Charles F.; Crespin, Timothy R.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Carson, William E.

2007-01-01

28

Mentor Relationships in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training: Results of a National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a contemporary picture of mentor relationships in clinical psychology, focusing on 787 survey respondents who were U.S. members or associates of the American Psychological Association and graduated with a PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology in 1994, 1995, or 1996. Presents the results and discusses implications for graduate education. (CMK)

Clark, Richard A.; Harden, Sherry L.; Johnson, W. Brad

2000-01-01

29

Guidelines for clinical supervision in health service psychology.  

PubMed

This document outlines guidelines for supervision of students in health service psychology education and training programs. The goal was to capture optimal performance expectations for psychologists who supervise. It is based on the premises that supervisors (a) strive to achieve competence in the provision of supervision and (b) employ a competency-based, meta-theoretical approach to the supervision process. The Guidelines on Supervision were developed as a resource to inform education and training regarding the implementation of competency-based supervision. The Guidelines on Supervision build on the robust literatures on competency-based education and clinical supervision. They are organized around seven domains: supervisor competence; diversity; relationships; professionalism; assessment/evaluation/feedback; problems of professional competence, and ethical, legal, and regulatory considerations. The Guidelines on Supervision represent the collective effort of a task force convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs (BEA). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25581007

2015-01-01

30

Exploring Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students' Attitudes towards Adults with Substance Use Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine whether clinical psychology doctoral students hold uniquely stigmatizing views of adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) compared to adults with other clinical disorders. Through the use of clinical vignettes and attitudinal measures, three hypotheses investigated clinical psychology doctoral students'

Mundon, Chandra R.

2013-01-01

31

[Clinical and psychological disorders of pregnant women induced by abuse].  

PubMed

This study is performed on a population of pregnant women during the second trimester of their pregnancy. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that clinical symptoms noticeable by the obsttricians during their consultations. Eight hundred and fifty-three patients have been involved in this study by responding to an anonymous questionnary. Hundred and seventy-five patients(groupI) have been abuse either physically or psychologically or sexually. The study shows that there is a strong difference between the groupI and the group without abuse in their medical past history (678 patients) about the occurracy of several disorders. The most frequently observed troubles are sexuals disorders, school failures, deficients relationship with others persons, anxiety and troubles of humor. We can concluded, about those clinical manifestations, that they do exist during pregnancy and probably thoses symptoms are linked to traumatism occured during their past history. Obstetricians must look after thoses symptoms very seriously to propose a good management of the pregnancy either about their psychological problems or about the social environnement in which they live. PMID:18468813

Diquelou, J-Y; Amar, P; Boyer, S; Montilla, F; Karoubi, R

2008-06-01

32

Of Course: Prerequisite Courses for Admission into APA-Accredited Clinical and Counseling Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students often inquire about which psychology courses to complete in preparation for graduate school. This study provides data that enable students and their advisors to make research-informed decisions. We surveyed the directors of the 304 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology (97%

Norcross, John C.; Sayette, Michael A.; Stratigis, Katerina Y.; Zimmerman, Barrett E.

2014-01-01

33

Children's Views Matter Too! A Pilot Project Assessing Children's and Adolescents' Experiences of Clinical Psychology Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study explored the experiences and understanding of clinical psychology practices and services of children and adolescents attending clinical psychology outpatient appointments. Fifteen young participants took part in the study. A content analysis indicated that young children and adolescents have an appropriate understanding of the

Gordon, Michael; Russo, Kate

2009-01-01

34

Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 16, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical proto- col for phase three. 1 Introduction Diagnosis of psychological health and the predic- tion as barriers to traditional prevention efforts. The military culture values strength, resilience, courage

35

Clinical Validity of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62): Further Evaluation and Clinical Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-report instruments of psychological symptoms are increasingly used in counseling centers but rely on rigorous evaluation of their clinical validity. Three studies reported here (total N = 26,886) investigated the validity of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2011) as an assessment and

McAleavey, Andrew A.; Nordberg, Samuel S.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Castonguay, Louis G.; Locke, Benjamin D.; Lockard, Allison J.

2012-01-01

36

Characteristics of American Psychological Association Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) Fellows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fellow status is an honor bestowed on American Psychological Association (APA) members who have made unusual and outstanding contributions to the field of psychology that have had a national impact. Thus far no studies have examined the characteristics of the individuals who have received this honor. This study examined publicly available data for 157 Division 40 Fellows. Fellows comprise 3.7%

Doug Johnson-Greene; K. C. Collins

2011-01-01

37

The 49,XXXXY syndrome. Clinical and psychological follow-up data.  

PubMed

In this report we give a detailed description of the clinical and psychological follow-up data of three young 49,XXXXY males, paying special attention to changes in intellectual performance and behaviour at different ages. PMID:3168316

Borghgraef, M; Fryns, J P; Smeets, E; Marien, J; van Den Berghe, H

1988-06-01

38

Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication

Pajak, Edward

2002-01-01

39

Video Taping and Abnormal Psychology: Dramatized Clinical Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an abnormal psychology course worked in teams to produce dramatizations of diagnostic interviews and then presented them in class. Positive and negative aspects of the activity are discussed. (RM)

Lyons, Michael J.; And Others

1984-01-01

40

Ethical clinical practice and sport psychology: when two worlds collide.  

PubMed

From their own practices, the authors offer insight into potential ethical dilemmas that may frequently develop in an applied psychology setting in which sport psychology is also being practiced. Specific ethical situations offered for the reader's consideration include confidentiality with coaches, administration, parents, and athlete-clients; accountability in ethical billing practices and accurate diagnosing; identification of ethical boundaries in nontraditional practice settings (locker room, field, rink, etc.); and establishment of professional competence as it relates to professional practice and marketing. PMID:17036422

Brown, Jeffrey L; Cogan, Karen D

2006-01-01

41

Clinical Perspectives on Neurobiological Effects of Psychological Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical trauma to the brain has always been known to affect brain functions and subsequent neurobiological development. Research primarily since the early 1990s has shown that psychological trauma can have detrimental effects on brain function that are not only lasting but that may alter patterns of subsequent neurodevelopment, particularly in children although developmental effects may be seen in adults as

Deborah A. Weber; Cecil R. Reynolds

2004-01-01

42

Cultural Values and Professional Issues in Clinical Psychology: Implications From the Hong Kong Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The graduate program in clinical psychology, introduced as a formally defined specialization at the University of Hong Kong in 1971, is one of the few that exists in the Third World. Although the number of clinical psychologists in Hong Kong is dwarfed when scaled against that of North America, it is already among the largest in Asia. The growth of

David Y. F. Ho

1985-01-01

43

The Four Psychologies of Psychoanalysis and Their Place in Clinical Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical psychoanalysis has led to the development of four conceptually separable perspectives on the functioning of the human mind. These are referred to herein as the psychologies of drive, ego, object relations, and self. Their clinical relevance is explored by applying them to issues regarding evenly hovering attention and the mutative factors in psychoanalysis. Those two areas, in turn, are

Fred Pine

1988-01-01

44

Apartheid and post-apartheid intern clinical psychology training in South Africa.  

PubMed

An analysis of race and sex of clinical psychology interns was undertaken at a major training hospital complex during the Apartheid and Post-apartheid periods. 7 of 87 (8.1%) interns trained in the apartheid period were Black African. Significantly more Black Africans and women were trained during the Post-apartheid period. The results were discussed within the context of South Africa's social and political transition, as well as international trends relating to sex and professional psychology. PMID:20099528

Pillay, Anthony L

2009-12-01

45

Psychological distress and post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level chosen at an urban clinic  

PubMed Central

Objective We investigated whether more psychological distress before an abortion is associated with the effectiveness of contraception selected (low, moderate, or high effectiveness) at an abortion clinic visit. Method Using data from 253 women attending an urban abortion clinic that primarily serves low-income women, we tested the association between pre-abortion psychological distress and the effectiveness level of post-abortion contraceptive choice. Based on typical use failure rates, we classified effectiveness of contraceptive choice into three levelslow, moderate, and high effectiveness. We measured psychological distress with four validated measures of depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms, and negative affect, as well as with a global measure comprised of these four measures. We used multivariable ordinal logistic regression to measure the association of each psychological distress measure with post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level, adjusting for sociodemographic factors, pregnancy history, trimester of abortion, and importance of avoiding pregnancy in the next year. Results We found that compared to women experiencing less stress symptoms, negative affect, and global psychological distress, women experiencing more stress symptoms [AOR = 1.028, 95% CI: 1.001-1.050], negative affect [AOR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01-1.09], and global psychological distress [AOR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.09-1.95] were more likely to choose more effective versus less effective methods, ps < .05, in adjusted models. Using dichotomous psychological measures we found similar results. Conclusions Women experiencing more psychological distress before an abortion selected more effective contraceptive methods after their abortions. Future research should examine whether this distress is associated with subsequent contraceptive use or continuation. Implications The current study suggests that contraceptive providers should not assume that women experiencing more psychological distress prefer to use less effective contraceptive methods. PMID:24094755

Steinberg, Julia R.; Tschann, Jeanne M.; Henderson, Jillian T.; Drey, Eleanor A.; Steinauer, Jody E.; Harper, Cynthia C.

2013-01-01

46

Demographic and clinical characteristics of UK military veterans attending a psychological therapies service  

PubMed Central

Aims and method To investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of subgroups of UK veterans attending a dedicated psychological therapies service following the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) treatment model. Veterans accessing a newly established service in the north-west were categorised into three groups: early service leavers, those with a physical disability, and substance and/or alcohol misusers. Anxiety, depression and social functioning were measured pre- and post-treatment. Results Veterans vary in their demographic and clinical characteristics as well as in treatment efficacy, as measured by the post-treatment scores on probable depression and anxiety. Therapy appears to be most effective in early service leavers, whereas veterans with a physical disability or a substance or alcohol misuse problem tend not to do as well in terms of symptoms of depression or anxiety. Clinical implications This study highlights the importance of targeting different veteran subgroups for dedicated psychological therapy. PMID:25505626

Giebel, Clarissa M.; Clarkson, Paul; Challis, David

2014-01-01

47

Demographic and clinical characteristics of UK military veterans attending a psychological therapies service.  

PubMed

Aims and method To investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of subgroups of UK veterans attending a dedicated psychological therapies service following the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) treatment model. Veterans accessing a newly established service in the north-west were categorised into three groups: early service leavers, those with a physical disability, and substance and/or alcohol misusers. Anxiety, depression and social functioning were measured pre- and post-treatment. Results Veterans vary in their demographic and clinical characteristics as well as in treatment efficacy, as measured by the post-treatment scores on probable depression and anxiety. Therapy appears to be most effective in early service leavers, whereas veterans with a physical disability or a substance or alcohol misuse problem tend not to do as well in terms of symptoms of depression or anxiety. Clinical implications This study highlights the importance of targeting different veteran subgroups for dedicated psychological therapy. PMID:25505626

Giebel, Clarissa M; Clarkson, Paul; Challis, David

2014-12-01

48

Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: A review of imagery measures and a guiding framework  

PubMed Central

Mental imagery is an under-explored field in clinical psychology research but presents a topic of potential interest and relevance across many clinical disorders, including social phobia, schizophrenia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is currently a lack of a guiding framework from which clinicians may select the domains or associated measures most likely to be of appropriate use in mental imagery research. We adopt an interdisciplinary approach and present a review of studies across experimental psychology and clinical psychology in order to highlight the key domains and measures most likely to be of relevance. This includes a consideration of methods for experimentally assessing the generation, maintenance, inspection and transformation of mental images; as well as subjective measures of characteristics such as image vividness and clarity. We present a guiding framework in which we propose that cognitive, subjective and clinical aspects of imagery should be explored in future research. The guiding framework aims to assist researchers in the selection of measures for assessing those aspects of mental imagery that are of most relevance to clinical psychology. We propose that a greater understanding of the role of mental imagery in clinical disorders will help drive forward advances in both theory and treatment. PMID:23123567

Pearson, David G.; Deeprose, Catherine; Wallace-Hadrill, Sophie M.A.; Heyes, Stephanie Burnett; Holmes, Emily A.

2013-01-01

49

Psychological type and explanatory style of nursing students and clinical faculty.  

PubMed

Health care providers' collaboration and effective teamwork are essential to patient safety and quality care. Part of an ongoing project, this study focused on nursing faculty-student communication characteristics, specifically examining psychological type (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and explanatory style (Attributional Style Questionnaire) of participating first-year baccalaureate nursing students (n = 286) and clinical nursing faculty (n = 59) from both 2-year and 4-year nursing programs. Modal student psychological type was ESFJ, and modal faculty psychological type was ISTJ. The two groups demonstrated significant differences in information processing styles and in making decisions and judgments. Students demonstrated slightly more optimistic outlooks than did faculty. Psychological type and level of optimism did not appear to correlate. Data from this study provide an initial framework on which to base research to examine quality of teamwork among health care providers and, consequently, the quality of patient care. PMID:19441635

Allchin, Lynn; Dzurec, Laura Cox; Engler, Arthur J

2009-04-01

50

Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.

Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

2013-01-01

51

Theory and concepts of prevention science as applied to clinical psychology.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview for this special issue on prevention science in clinical psychology. A brief historical perspective on prevention in clinical psychology is presented. An even greater emphasis on prevention in the future is related to changes in the current health-care system and their likely impact on psychological practice as we move into the next century. Conceptual and theoretical models of the prevention enterprise are addressed with a distinction drawn between health promotion and disease prevention in the areas of mental disorders and general physical health. The classification of preventive interventions is discussed and methodological challenges to outcomes research are outlined. The article concludes with a discussion of training and public policy implications and a brief overview of the other articles included in this special issue on prevention science. PMID:10429841

Holden, E W; Black, M M

1999-06-01

52

A study of patients who go to a psychology clinic seeking treatment.  

PubMed

In order to characterize a typical clinical context, as opposed to an academic or research context, this article will analyze the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients who turn to a psychology clinic in need of professional help. This study was conducted using an initial sample of 1,305 patients at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Clnica Universitaria de Psicologa. Of the sociodemographic characteristics studied, it is noteworthy that the majority of patients were women (65%) and relatively young (the average age is 29.7 years-old). The disorders for which psychological help was most often needed were anxiety and mood disorders and relationship problems, which together made up 50% of cases. In 17.70% of cases, patients had at least one comorbid disorder in addition to the one that brought them to the clinic. The generalizability and implications of the results are discussed. PMID:22379717

Estupi, Francisco Jos; Labrador, Francisco Javier; Garca-Vera, Mara Paz

2012-03-01

53

White Clinical Psychology Trainees' Views on Racial Equity within Programme Selection in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of diversity in both physical and epistemological access to programmes in higher education is an important concern worldwide. In South Africa, as elsewhere, access to professional clinical psychology training programmes is extremely competitive, and there is an important imperative to diversify the student profile. Perspectives of black

Traub, Craig M.; Swartz, Leslie

2013-01-01

54

The Teaching Alliance Inventory: Evaluating the student-instructor relationship in clinical and counselling psychology training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Teaching Alliance Inventory (TAI) was developed to measure the quality of the student-instructor relationship in graduate clinical and counselling psychology classrooms. Based on Bordin's (1983) original concept of the alliance as fundamental to the change process in psychotherapy, we developed the TAI to measure aspects of the classroom relationship that may be fundamental to learning essential skills of counselling

Rebecca A. Jones; Hamid Mirsalimi; Jennifer S. Conroy; H. Lynn Horne-Moyer; Cecelia Burrill

2008-01-01

55

Computer Technology in Clinical Psychology Services for People with Mental Retardation: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of the literature on computer technology in clinical psychology services for people with mental retardation is organized around stages of a scientist-practitioner working model: assessment, formulation, and intervention. Examples of technologies to facilitate work at each stage are given. Practical difficulties with implementation of

Davies, Sara; Hastings, Richard P.

2003-01-01

56

Psychological outcomes of different treatment policies in women with early breast cancer outside a clinical trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES--To assess outside a clinical trial the psychological outcome of different treatment policies in women with early breast cancer who underwent either mastectomy or breast conservation surgery depending on the surgeon's opinion or the patient's choice. To determine whether the extent of psychiatric morbidity reported in women who underwent breast conservation surgery was associated with their participation in a randomised

L J Fallowfield; A Hall; G P Maguire; M Baum

1990-01-01

57

Computer-Simulated Psychotherapy as an Aid in Teaching Clinical Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Elisa, a widely known computer program which simulates the responses of a psychotherapist, can be used as a teaching aid in undergraduate clinical psychology classes. Provides information on conducting the exercise, integrating it into the course syllabus, and evaluating its impact on students. (JDH)

Suler, John R.

1987-01-01

58

Cliques and Cohesion in a Clinical Psychology Graduate Cohort: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, no published research has utilized social network analysis (SNA) to analyze graduate cohorts in clinical psychology. The purpose of this research is to determine how issues of likability among students correlate with other measures, such as disclosure, health, spiritual maturity, help in projects, familiarity, and ease of providing

Kunze, Kimberley Annette

2013-01-01

59

Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit

Maciel, Michelle

2012-01-01

60

The concept of alternative strategies and its relevance to psychiatry and clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this article is to introduce the evolutionary concept of alternative strategies into the fields of psychiatry and clinical psychology. In behavioral ecology, the term alternative strategies refers to the presence of two or more discrete behavioral variants among adults of one sex and one population when those variants serve the same functional end. Often discrete behavioral variants

Alfonso Troisi

2005-01-01

61

Psychological Problems and Clinical Outcomes of Children with Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures  

PubMed Central

Purpose Our purpose was to investigate psychological problems and clinical outcomes in children with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the data of 25 patients who were diagnosed with PNES between 2006 and 2012. Results Twenty-five children with PNES, aged 8 to 19 years (mean 13.82), were referred to psychiatrists for psychiatric assessment. On their initial visit, 72% of patients had comorbid psychological problems, including depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, adjustment disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Among these, depression was the most frequent (36%). Predisposing and triggering factors included familial distress (40%), social distress (24%), and specific events (20%). The following treatment was advised based on the results of the initial psychological assessment: 3 patients regularly visited psychiatric clinic to assess their clinical status without treatment, nine underwent psychotherapy, and 13 received a combination of psychotherapy and psychopharmacological therapy. At the mean follow-up of 31.5 months after diagnosis, 20 patients (80%) were event-free at follow-up, three (12%) showed reduced frequency, and two (8%) experienced persistent symptoms. Conclusion The outcomes of PNES in children are much better than those in adults, despite a high rate of psychological comorbidities. PMID:25323891

Yi, Yoon Young; Kim, Heung Dong; Lee, Joon Soo; Cheon, Keun-Ah

2014-01-01

62

Do Special Occasions Trigger Psychological Distress Among Older Bereaved Spouses? An Empirical Assessment of Clinical Wisdom  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Mental health professionals have suggested that widowed persons experience heightened psychological distress on dates that had special meaning for them and their late spouse, such as a wedding anniversary or the late spouses birthday. This study examined the effects of such occasions on grief, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a community sample of older widowed persons. Methods. OLS regression models were estimated using data from the Changing Lives of Older Couples (CLOC) study, a large prospective probability study of late-life widowhood. Participants were interviewed prior to and both 6 and 18 months after spousal loss; married matched controls were interviewed at comparable times. Results. Widowed persons reported heightened psychological distress when interviewed during the month of their late spouses birthday, a post-holiday period (January), and in June, a month associated with wedding anniversaries and graduations in the United States. The distressing effects of special occasions on psychological symptoms were evidenced only within the first 6 months postloss, and were not apparent at the 18-month follow-up. Discussion. Our results support the clinical observation that persons in the early stages of spousal bereavement are at increased risk of psychological distress at times with special significance to the couple. We highlight methodological and clinical implications. PMID:23811691

2014-01-01

63

Cocaine Use among the College Age Group: Biological and Psychological Effects--Clinical and Laboratory Research Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge about cocaine's effect on the human mind and body is limited and not clearly documented. This article discusses various biological and psychological effects of the drug based on clinical and laboratory studies of man. (Author/DF)

Nicholi, Armand M., Jr.

1984-01-01

64

Evaluation of integrated psychological services in a university-based primary care clinic.  

PubMed

Primary care is increasingly moving toward integration of psychological services; however few studies have been conducted to test the efficacy of such an integrated approach. This paper presents a program evaluation of psychological services provided by doctoral trainees in clinical and counseling psychology within a primary care clinic at an urban academic medical center. It includes: (1) a description of the program, including types of patients served, their presenting problems, and treatments administered and; (2) evidence of the impact of behavioral health services on primary care patients' emotional adjustment and progress on behavioral goals. Intake and follow-up measures of depression, anxiety, smoking, insomnia, chronic pain, and weight loss were collected on 452 adult patients (mean age=52; 59% African-American; 35% uninsured) who were provided brief interventions (mean visits=2.2) over a 16-month period. Although conclusions are limited by the lack of a control or comparison group, preliminary findings indicate that the integrated behavioral health services provided were effective. Implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:24165929

Sadock, Elizabeth; Auerbach, Stephen M; Rybarczyk, Bruce; Aggarwal, Arpita

2014-03-01

65

Clinical instructors' perceptions of structural and psychological empowerment in academic nursing environments.  

PubMed

The study purpose was to explore clinical instructors' (CIs') perceptions of empowerment in academic nursing environments. Clinical instructors, often part-time faculty, facilitate learning in professional practice environments. However, they also need to function within the academic environment to learn about the curriculum and how students are to be evaluated. The qualitative description method was used to obtain an understanding of CIs' empowerment experiences and to interpret their perceptions within the frameworks of Kanter's structural empowerment and Spreitzer's psychological empowerment theories. Eight CIs from two nursing programs were interviewed for this study. The empowerment components of support and confidence were important, yet insufficient, in CIs' perceptions of their role effectiveness. An implication for CIs was slow development of confidence in their ability to facilitate student learning that was consistent with curriculum goals. Recommendations for CIs and academic faculty are offered to support and retain clinical faculty. PMID:24766066

Wiens, Sandra; Babenko-Mould, Yolanda; Iwasiw, Carroll

2014-05-01

66

Clinical Pressure Pain Threshold Testing in Neck Pain: Comparing Protocols, Responsiveness, and Association With Psychological Variables  

PubMed Central

Background Quantitative sensory testing, including pressure pain threshold (PPT), is seeing increased use in clinical practice. In order to facilitate clinical utility, knowledge of the properties of the tool and interpretation of results are required. Objectives This observational study used a clinical sample of people with mechanical neck pain to determine: (1) the influence of number of testing repetitions on measurement properties, (2) reliability and minimum clinically important difference, and (3) associations between PPT and key psychological constructs. Design This study was observational with both cross-sectional and prospective elements. Methods Experienced clinicians measured PPT in patients with mechanical neck pain following a standardized protocol. Subcohorts also provided repeated measures and completed scales of key psychological constructs. Results The total sample was 206 participants, but not all participants provided data for all analyses. Interrater and 1-week test-retest reliability were excellent (intraclass correlation coefficients [2,1]=.75.95). Potentially important differences in reliability and PPT scores were found when using only 1 or 2 repeated measures compared with all 3. The PPT over a distal location (tibialis anterior muscle) was not adequately responsive in this sample, but the local site (upper trapezius muscle) was responsive and may be useful as part of a protocol to evaluate clinical change. Sensitivity values (range=0.080.50) and specificity values (range=0.820.97) for a range of change scores are presented. Depression, catastrophizing, and kinesiophobia were able to explain small but statistically significant variance in local PPT (3.9%5.9%), but only catastrophizing and kinesiophobia explained significant variance in the distal PPT (3.6% and 2.9%, respectively). Limitations Limitations of the study include multiple raters, unknown recruitment rates, and unknown measurement properties at sites other than those tested here. Conclusions The results suggest that PPT is adequately reliable and that 3 measurements should be taken to maximize measurement properties. The variance explained by the psychological variables was small but significant for 3 constructs related to catastrophizing, depression, and fear of movement. Clinical implications for application and interpretation of PPT are discussed. PMID:24557645

Levesque, Lenerdene; Payne, Martin; Schick, Julie

2014-01-01

67

Prevalence of poor psychological morbidity following a minor road traffic accident (RTA): The clinical implications of a prospective longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few Road Traffic Accident (RTA) victims have their psychological needs attended to in hospital or afterwards. We conducted a small-scale preliminary investigation exclusively focussing on the prevalence of poor psychological morbidity following minor road traffic accidents (RTAs). Participants (N?=?50) completed assessments one-month after their minor RTA and (N?=?39) at 4-months follow-up. The identification of clinically significant anxiety, depression and post

Ben Smith; Sarah Mackenzie-Ross; Peter Scragg

2007-01-01

68

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

69

A Hospital Medical Staff Psychology Department: The Interface of Medical Education, Postdoctoral Psychology Training, Clinical Practice, and Medical Staff Membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the organization and development of the free-standing medical staff department of psychology at Hurley Medical Center (HMC) in Flint, Michigan. Housed in a tertiary care teaching hospital of Michigan State University College of Human Medicine (MSU\\/CHM), the department is unique in its independence and parity within the organized medical staff. The description herein follows the 10 organizational variables

Michael E. Lechner; Kirk J. Stucky

2000-01-01

70

Psychological Variables Potentially Implicated in Opioid-Related Mortality as Observed in Clinical Practice  

PubMed Central

Opioid-related deaths in the United States have become a public health problem, with accidental and unintended overdoses being especially troubling. Screening for psychological risk factors is an important first step in safeguarding against nonadherence practices and identifying patients who may be vulnerable to the risks associated with opioid therapy. Validated screening instruments can aid in this attempt as a complementary tool to clinicians assessments. A structured screening is imperative as part of an assessment, as clinician judgment is not the most reliable method of identifying nonadherence. As a complement to formal screening, we present for discussion and possible future study certain psychological variables observed during years of clinical practice that may be linked to medication nonadherence and accidental overdose. These variables include catastrophizing, fear, impulsivity, attention deficit disorders, existential distress, and certain personality disorders. In our experience, chronic pain patients with dual diagnoses may become chemical copers as a way of coping with their negative emotion. For these patients, times of stress could lead to accidental overdose. Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral (acceptance and commitment, dialectical behavior), existential (meaning-centered, dignity), and psychotropic therapies have been effective in treating these high-risk comorbidities, while managing expectations of pain relief appears key to preventing accidental overdose. PMID:21668755

Passik, Steven D.; Lowery, Amy

2014-01-01

71

Interprofessional Clinical Education for Occupational Therapy and Psychology Students: A Social Skills Training Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interprofessional clinical learning experience was developed for pre-licensure occupational therapy (OT) and psychology graduate students. Students worked in interprofessional teams to plan and implement a social skills training program for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objectives were to provide a hands-on, student-led clinical experience; facilitate interprofessional collaborative learning through leadership partnerships and teach children with ASD to

Dana M. Howell; Peggy Whitman; Myra Beth Bundy

2012-01-01

72

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

73

Demographic and clinical factors correlating with high levels of psychological distress in HIV-positive women living in Ontario, Canada.  

PubMed

The concept of psychological distress includes a range of emotional states with symptoms of depression and anxiety and has yet to be reported in HIV-positive women living in Ontario, Canada, who are known to live with contributing factors. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychological distress among women accessing HIV care participating in the Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). The K10 is a 10-item, five-level response scale. K10 values range from 10 to 50 with values less than or equal to 19 categorized as not clinically significant, scores between 20 and 24 as moderate levels, 25-29 as high, and 30-50 as very high psychological distress. Correlates of psychological distress were assessed using the Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Moderate, high, and very high levels of psychological distress were experienced by 16.9, 10.4, and 15.1% of the 337 women in our cohort, respectively, with 57.6% reporting none. Psychological distress levels greater than 19, correlated with being unemployed (vs. employed/student/retired; AOR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.13-0.83), living in a household without their child/children (AOR = 2.45, 95% CI: 1.33-4.52), CD4 counts < 200 cells/mm(3) (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI: 0.89-4.80), and to a lesser degree an education of some college or less (vs. completed college or higher; AOR=1.71, 95% CI: 0.99-2.95). Age and ethnicity, a priori variables of interest, did not correlate with psychological distress. Findings suggest that socioeconomic factors which shape the demography of women living with HIV in Ontario, low CD4 counts, and losing the opportunity to care for their child/children has a significant relationship with psychological distress. Approaches to manage psychological distress should address and make considerations for the lived experiences of women since they can act as potential barriers to improving psychological well-being. PMID:24215281

Benoit, Anita C; Light, Lucia; Burchell, Ann N; Gardner, Sandra; Rourke, Sean B; Wobeser, Wendy; Loutfy, Mona R

2014-01-01

74

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

75

The cognitive attentional syndrome: examining relations with mood and anxiety symptoms and distinctiveness from psychological inflexibility in a clinical sample.  

PubMed

Wells's (2009) metacognitive theory suggests that inflexible and recurrent styles of thinking in response to negative thoughts, feelings, and beliefs underlie mood and anxiety symptoms. Wells termed such styles of thinking as the cognitive attentional syndrome (CAS). Using a clinical sample (N=132) of patients with either a primary mood or anxiety disorder, we examined relations between the CAS and mood (depression) and anxiety (generalized anxiety, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and panic) symptoms. We also examined the distinctiveness of the CAS from the related construct of psychological inflexibility. The CAS shared significant positive associations with all of the assessed symptoms, but appeared particularly relevant to depression and generalized anxiety symptoms. Despite having a strong significant positive correlation with psychological inflexibility, the CAS tended to share unique relations with symptoms after controlling for psychological inflexibility. These results broadly support the purported transdiagnostic importance of Wells's theory and indicate that intervention strategies targeting the CAS might be useful in treating certain disorders. PMID:23790980

Fergus, Thomas A; Valentiner, David P; McGrath, Patrick B; Gier-Lonsway, Stephanie; Jencius, Simon

2013-11-30

76

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

Heller, Barbara

77

Treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of Alzheimer-type dementia with Yokukansan in clinical practice.  

PubMed

The efficacy and safety of the kampo medicine Yokukansan (YKS, TJ-54) in the treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) were investigated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in an open-label study. This study included 26 patients who had been diagnosed as having AD and were not treated with donepezil hydrochloride. These patients were administered YKS (7.5g/day) for four weeks to investigate the changes in neuropsychological test results and care burden in the period from the start to completion of the study treatment. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) was used for evaluation of BPSD, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for evaluation of cognitive functions, the Zarit burden interview for evaluation of the caregiver's burden, Disability Assessment of Dementia (DAD) for evaluation of activities of daily living (ADL) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) for evaluation of the caregiver's depression. No significant change was seen in MMSE and DAD after four weeks of treatment, but the mean NPI total score decreased significantly. Furthermore, among the NPI subscales, a statistically significant decrease in score was not seen, however, a clinically significant decrease was seen in terms of hallucinations, agitation, anxiety, irritability or abnormal behavior. No significant changes were seen in caregiver's burden after four weeks of treatment. No serious adverse reactions to YKS were observed. The results of this study suggested that YKS may be an effective and well-tolerated drug in the treatment of BPSD in AD patients. PMID:20184936

Hayashi, Yoshihito; Ishida, Yasushi; Inoue, Teruhiko; Udagawa, Mitsutaka; Takeuchi, Kouzou; Yoshimuta, Hirofumi; Kiue, Kouichirou; Ninomiya, Yoshimasa; Kawano, Jiro; Sameshima, Tetsuro; Kawahara, Takashi; Goto, Isamu; Shudo, Kenji; Kurayama, Shigeki; Nakamura, Jungo; Okahara, Kazunori; Mitsuyama, Yoshio

2010-04-16

78

Postdoctoral Education and Training for Clinical Service Providers in Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was recommended by the 1983 National Working Conference on Education and Training in Health Psychology (Stone, 1983) that 2 years of postdoctoral education and training be mandated for future licensed health service providers in health psychology. The background for requiring this postdoctoral training, a model for education, criteria for developing programs, issues of funding, and a rationale for accepting

Edward P. Sheridan; Joseph D. Matarazzo; Thomas J. Boll; Nathan W. Perry; Stephen M. Weiss; Cynthia D. Belar

1988-01-01

79

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

Haykin, Simon

80

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

of psychology, such as, normal or abnormal developmental psychology, personality, social psychologyCounseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY

VandeVord, Pamela

81

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

82

THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST IN CANADA HOW CAN WE HELP? The Section on Clinical Psychology\\/ La Section de la Psychologie Clinique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical Psychologists treat many human problems, including depression, anxiety, stress, major mental disorders, learning disabilities, substance abuse and other addictions, marital\\/ relationship problems, difficulties coping with personal health problems, and problems stemming from physical and sexual abuse. Clinical Psychologists provide service to children and adults, including the elderly, and work with physical as well as mental health issues. Generally, Clinical

83

Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program Admissions: Differential Values as a Function of Program Characteristics and the Implications of the Mentor-Model Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this research were to 1) examine the qualities for which applicants are selected for entrance into clinical psychology Ph.D. programs, and 2) investigate the prevalence and impact of the mentor-model approach to admissions on multiple domains of programs and the field at large. Fifty Directors of Clinical Training (DCTs) provided data

Metzger, Jesse A.

2010-01-01

84

The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain.  

PubMed

A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased pain-related activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of today's experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments. PMID:22445888

Jensen, Karin B; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L; Wasan, Ajay D; Edwards, Robert R; Gollub, Randy L

2012-06-29

85

The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain  

PubMed Central

A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased painrelated activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of todays experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments. PMID:22445888

Jensen, Karin B.; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L.; Wasan, Ajay; Edwards, Robert R.; Gollub, Randy L.

2013-01-01

86

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

Liu, Taosheng

87

Comparative Investigation of the Psychophysiologic and Idiopathic Insomnia Disorder Phenotypes: Psychologic Characteristics, Patients' Perspectives, and Implications for Clinical Management  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Insomnia is a common disorder, yet its proposed behavioral phenotypes are seldom differentiated. Two consecutive studies were designed to investigate psychologic characteristics and treatment preferences of people with idiopathic insomnia (IdI) relative to psychophysiologic insomnia (PI). Design: Cross-sectional, two-group comparison studies. Setting: Specialized sleep research center. Participants: 40 participants (29 female, mean age 46 yr) participated in study 1. An additional cohort of 61 adults (48 female, mean age 37 yr) participated in study 2. In total, samples comprised 51 participants with PI and 50 with IdI. All participants met diagnostic criteria for their respective insomnia phenotype. Interventions: N/A Measurements and Results: Study 1 investigated sensitivity to arousal conditioning and sleep effort using self-report measures. Consistent with a model of conditioned arousal, participants with PI exhibited greater behavioral inhibition, i.e., sensitivity to threat and higher levels of sleep preoccupation. Study 2 investigated illness perceptions and cognitions and coping styles using self-report scales, and explored treatment acceptability based on the evaluation of 3 therapeutic scenarios. Results lend support to the hypothesis that IdI is considered somewhat more permanent than PI. Behavioral intervention was preferred to pharmacotherapy by both groups, and an acceptance treatment was considered more favorably by IdI study participants than by those with PI. Conclusions: Many similarities between IdI and PI were observed across psychologic measures, and both groups exhibited a preference for behavioral treatment. However, their distinctive characteristics appear to suggest that an acceptance-based therapy may also be appropriate for some people with IdI. Citation: Espie CA; Barrie LM; Forgan GS. Comparative investigation of the psychophysiologic and idiopathic insomnia disorder phenotypes: psychologic characteristics, patients' perspectives, and implications for clinical management. SLEEP 2012;35(3):385-393. PMID:22379245

Espie, Colin A.; Barrie, Laura M.; Forgan, Grant S.

2012-01-01

88

The Psychological Evaluation of Patients with Chronic Pain: a Review of BHI 2 Clinical and Forensic Interpretive Considerations.  

PubMed

Pain is the most common reason why patients see a physician. Within the USA, it has been estimated that at least 116 million US adults suffer from chronic pain, with an estimated annual national economic cost of $560-635 billion. While pain is in part a sensory process, like sight, touch, or smell, pain is also in part an emotional experience, like depression, anxiety, or anger. Thus, chronic pain is arguably the quintessential biopsychosocial condition. Due to the overwhelming evidence of the biopsychosocial nature of pain and the value of psychological assessments, the majority of chronic pain guidelines recommend a psychological evaluation as an integral part of the diagnostic workup. One biopsychosocial inventory designed for the assessment of patients with chronic pain is the Battery for Health Improvement 2 (BHI 2). The BHI 2 is a standardized psychometric measure, with three validity measures, 16 clinical scales, and a multidimensional assessment of pain. This article will review how the BHI 2 was developed, BHI 2 concepts, validation research, and an overview of the description and interpretation of its scales. Like all measures, the BHI 2 has strengths and weaknesses of which the forensic psychologist should be aware, and particular purposes for which it is best suited. Guided by that knowledge, the BHI 2 can play a useful role in the forensic psychologist's toolbox. PMID:25478059

Bruns, Daniel; Disorbio, John Mark

2014-01-01

89

Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.  

PubMed

Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

Haslam, S Alexander

2014-03-01

90

The causal representation of outpatients with Crohns disease: is there a link between psychological distress and clinical disease activity?  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Because of the fluctuating and occasional character of Crohns disease (CD), patients have to cope with a changeable condition of health. Personal perceived control is known to be an important element of adaptation to their medical condition. The objectives of this work are to determine if perceived personal control is predictive of the clinical activity of the disease and of psychological distress (depression, anxiety). Methods: The Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), the causal dimension scale and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI; assessing perceived severity) were administered to 160 patients affected by Crohns disease. Indicators of inflammation (CRP), disease duration and clinical activity of the disease were also asessed. Results: Globally, CD patients perceive their disease as being personally neither controllable nor uncontrollable. Whereas psychological distress is significantly higher when the disease is active, the relationship between the variables appears complex. The feeling of personal control is explained by the clinical activity of the disease (p=.0001) and by the perception that CD is unstable (p<.00001) and globally impacts the life of patients (p=.001). Nevertheless perception of personal control does not explain the clinical activity of the disease. Finally, psychological distress is explained by the perception that the medical team is unable to control the disease (p=.00001) and by the global consequences of the disease on life (p<.005). Conclusions: Psychological treatments should take these dimensions into account so as to improve the well-being and medical conditions of patients. PMID:24403966

Banovic, Ingrid; Gilibert, Daniel; Andronikof, Anne; Jebrane, Ahmed; Ajdukovic, Ivan; Cosnes, Jaques

2013-01-01

91

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

92

Postdoctoral Fellowships in Adult Clinical Psychology Stanford University School of Medicine  

E-print Network

athletes. One opening is projected in the INSOMNIA AND BEHAVIORAL SLEEP MEDICINE PROGRAM, which specializes on the Stanford University campus. The Stanford Sleep Medicine Outpatient Center and the Stanford Pain Clinic

Puglisi, Joseph

93

Some Nuances in Intersubjective Attachment Systems: Discussion of Shelley Doctors' Article, Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological and Intersubjective Clinical Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I discuss Doctors's (2006) inclusive model presented in her paper, Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological\\/Intersubjective Clinical Work. I distinguish between linear stabilities of patterning emphasized by many attachment researchers and nonlinear properties of dyadic systems emphasized by relational and intersubjective systems, selfpsychologists, and infant researchers, noting that Doctors brings both sensibilities into

Judith Pickles

2008-01-01

94

Evaluating psychological insight in a clinical sample using the Shedler-Westen assessment procedure.  

PubMed

Using the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP)-200 Q-Sort items in a large clinical sample of outpatients (N = 105), we developed the SWAP insight scale. The rationale, psychometric properties, and convergent validity of this insight scale are reported. Through factor analysis, six of the SWAP-200 items were identified as psychometrically optimal in the assessment of insight (presence or absence) with an alpha coefficient of 0.78. We examined the construct validity of this SWAP insight scale using independent clinical videotape ratings of the Capacity for Dynamic Process Scale, specifically the items "appears introspective" and "manifests insight." We also examined the relationship between the SWAP insight scale using independent clinical videotape ratings of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Ratings, specifically ratings of "complexity of representations" and "social causality." The results demonstrated significant positive correlation between the SWAP insight scale and all five of these criterion measures. Partial correlations demonstrated that, even when the effects of global psychiatric severity are controlled for, the SWAP insight scale maintains a significant relationship with independent clinical videotape ratings of patients manifesting insight during sessions. Future research directions and clinical implications of the SWAP insight scale are discussed. PMID:21543956

Lehmann, Meaghan E; Hilsenroth, Mark J

2011-05-01

95

Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next

Reiss, Allan L.

2009-01-01

96

Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Training on Clinical Psychology Trainee Stress, Therapist Skills and Attributes, and ACT Processes.  

PubMed

Despite the increasing uptake of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) by mental health practitioners, few studies have investigated the effects of ACT training on trainees. Clinical psychology trainees (CPTs) are susceptible to high stress such that their training represents a teachable moment for personal application of the therapy skills they learn for clinical practice. This study investigates the effects of ACT training on stress, therapist skills and attributes, and the personal acquisition of ACT strategies in CPTs. Thirty-two CPTs completed questionnaires before and after university-based ACT training that consisted of 12 2-h weekly workshops. Pairwise t-tests showed that CPTs reported improvements from before to after training on measures of counselling self-efficacy, client-therapist alliance, self-kindness, acceptance, defusion, mindfulness and values, and a marginally significant improvement on somatic symptoms, despite a trend towards increased work-related stress. As predicted, each of the ACT process variables was related to one or more of the therapist stress, skill and attribute variables, such that greater levels of mindfulness, values and acceptance, and less thought suppression were related to better trainee outcomes. This study provides preliminary data on therapist skill development and personal benefits for CPTs related to receiving ACT training that interweaves instruction in competencies acquisition with self-care. Copyright 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25307059

Pakenham, Kenneth I

2014-10-13

97

Dissemination of a computer-based psychological treatment in a drug and alcohol clinical service: an observational study  

PubMed Central

Background There is emerging evidence for the potential of computer-based psychological treatments (CBPT) as an add-on to usual clinical practice in the management of health problems. Objective The study set out to observe if, when, and how clinicians working in a publically funded alcohol/other drug (AOD) clinical service might utilize SHADE (Self-Help for Alcohol and other drug use and DEpression), a CBPT program for comorbid depression and alcohol or cannabis use, in their clinical practice. Methods Thirteen clinicians working within an AOD service on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia, were recruited. At baseline, all 13 clinicians were assessed for their computer anxiety and openness to innovation. Clinicians referred current clients to the study, with consenting and eligible clients (N?=?35) completing a baseline and 15-week follow-up clinical assessment. The assessment comprised a range of mental health and AOD measures administered by an independent research assistant. Over the course of the study, clinicians submitted session checklists detailing information about session content, including the context and extent to which SHADE was used for each client. Results Descriptive statistics showed that clinicians employed the SHADE program in a variety of ways. When SHADE modules were used, they were generally introduced in the early phase of treatment, on average, around session 4 (M?=?3.77, SD?=?5.26, range 136). However, only 12 of the 35 clients whose session checklists were available were exposed to the SHADE modules; this, despite 28/35 clients indicating that they would be willing to use CBPT during their current treatment program. Conclusions Treatment seekers in the AOD service of the current trial were generally open to receiving CBPT like SHADE; however, clinicians tended to use SHADE with only 34 percent of clients. This indicates the importance of providing ongoing support and encouragement to clinicians, in addition to an initial training session, to encourage the adoption of innovative technologies into clinical practice, and perhaps to engage clients in a discussion about CBPT more routinely. Trial registration Australian Clinical Trial Registration Number ACTRN12611000382976. PMID:25106668

2014-01-01

98

Psychological, clinical and pathological effects of relaxation training and guided imagery during primary chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer are stressful, and stress may be associated with a poorer response to chemotherapy. There is a need, therefore, to develop and evaluate interventions that might enhance quality of life and, possibly, improve treatment response. The effects of relaxation combined with guided imagery (visualizing host defences destroying tumour cells) on quality of life and response to primary chemotherapy, to date, have not been adequately evaluated. Ninety-six women with newly diagnosed large or locally advanced breast cancer (T2 > 4 cm, T3, T4, or TxN2 and M0) took part in a prospective, randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomized following diagnosis to a control condition (standard care) or to the experimental condition (standard care plus relaxation training and imagery). Psychometric tests to evaluate mood and quality of life were carried out before each of the six cycles of chemotherapy and 3 weeks after cycle 6: tests of personality and coping strategy were carried out prior to cycles one and six. Clinical response to chemotherapy was evaluated after six cycles of chemotherapy using standard UICC criteria and pathological response was assessed from the tissue removed at surgery. As hypothesized, patients in the experimental group were more relaxed and easy going during the study (Mood Rating Scale). Quality of life was better in the experimental group (Global Self-assessment and Rotterdam Symptom Checklist). The intervention also reduced emotional suppression (Courtauld Emotional Control Scale). The incidence of clinically significant mood disturbance was very low and the incidence in the two groups was similar. Finally, although the groups did not differ for clinical or pathological response to chemotherapy, imagery ratings were correlated with clinical response. These simple, inexpensive and beneficial interventions should be offered to patients wishing to improve quality of life during primary chemotherapy. 1999 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10390006

Walker, L G; Walker, M B; Ogston, K; Heys, S D; Ah-See, A K; Miller, I D; Hutcheon, A W; Sarkar, T K; Eremin, O

1999-01-01

99

Subgrouping of Japanese middle-aged women attending a menopause clinic using physical and psychological symptom profiles: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

BackgroundWomen in the menopausal transition and the postmenopausal period are affected with vasomotor symptoms, urogenital atrophy, sexual dysfunction, somatic symptoms, cognitive difficulty, sleep disturbance, and psychological problems. It is important to gain a better understanding of the complexity and diversity of climacteric disturbance in order to optimize treatments for individual patients. The aim of this study was to identify subgroups of Japanese perimenopausal and postmenopausal women attending a menopause clinic based on their physical and psychological symptom profiles.MethodsWe administered the Menopausal Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire to 491 Japanese women aged 4064 years who had enrolled in the Systematic Health and Nutrition Education Program at the Menopause Clinic of the Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital between 2005 and 2012. We performed a principal component analysis followed by a hierarchical cluster analysis of the responses to 9 physical and 12 psychological items on the questionnaire.ResultsThe first analysis extracted 3 principal components that defined the variance of physical and psychological symptom profiles: depression, somatic, and vasomotor/sleep. A subsequent cluster analysis was performed based on the 3 principal components to generate 4 clusters, CL8 (N =162; 33.0%), CL6 (N =111; 22.6%), CL5 (N =102; 20.8%), and CL4 (N =116; 23.6%). CL8 included women who only had mild-to-moderate musculoskeletal pains and tiredness. All women in CL6, CL5, and CL4 described their musculoskeletal pains and tiredness as moderate to severe. The women in CL5 also had moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms, while the women in CL4 also suffered from moderate-to-severe psychological symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and insomnia.ConclusionsDistinct subgroups of Japanese perimenopausal and postmenopausal women were identified based on their symptom profiles. Menopausal symptoms were shown to accumulate in this population in the order of musculoskeletal pains and tiredness, vasomotor symptoms, and psychological symptoms. PMID:25420911

Terauchi, Masakazu; Hirose, Asuka; Akiyoshi, Mihoko; Owa, Yoko; Kato, Kiyoko; Kubota, Toshiro

2014-11-25

100

Science and pseudoscience in the development of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: implications for clinical psychology.  

PubMed

The enormous popularity recently achieved by Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) as a treatment for anxiety disorders appears to have greatly outstripped the evidence for its efficacy from controlled research studies. The disparity raises disturbing questions concerning EMDR's aggressive commercial promotion and its rapid acceptance among practitioners. In this article, we: (1) summarize the evidence concerning EMDR's efficacy; (2) describe the dissemination and promotion of EMDR; (3) delineate the features of pseudoscience and explicate their relevance to EMDR; (4) describe the pseudoscientific marketing practices used to promote EMDR; (5) analyze factors contributing to the acceptance of EMDR by professional psychologists; and (6) discuss practical considerations for professional psychologists regarding the adoption of EMDR into professional practice. We argue that EMDR provides an excellent vehicle for illustrating the differences between scientific and pseudoscientific therapeutic techniques. Such distinctions are of critical importance for clinical psychologists who intend to base their practice on the best available research. PMID:11098395

Herbert, J D; Lilienfeld, S O; Lohr, J M; Montgomery, R W; O'Donohue, W T; Rosen, G M; Tolin, D F

2000-11-01

101

Clinical and Psychological Characteristics of Initial Cohort of the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (DIAN)  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe clinical, cognitive, and personality characteristics at baseline assessment of 249 participants 19 to 60 years of age in a multinational longitudinal study (DIAN) of autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease (ADAD). Method Participants (74% cognitively normal) were from ADAD families with mutations in one of three genes (APP, PSEN1, or PSEN2). Mixed model analyses including family as a random variable and controlling for years from expected time of symptomatic onset of ADAD based on parental age at onset compared three groups (cognitively normal mutation noncarriers, cognitively normal mutation carriers, very mildly impaired mutation carriers). Results Global cognitive deficits similar to those observed in late-life sporadic Alzheimer disease (AD) existed in very mild ADAD compared with cognitively normal carriers and noncarriers on all but two measures (Digit Span Backward, Letter Fluency for FAS) of episodic memory, semantic memory, working memory, attention, and speeded visuospatial abilities. Demented individuals were less extraverted, open, and conscientious than cognitively normal participants on the International Personality Item Pool. Differences in the relation between three measures (Logical Memory, Digit Symbol, attention switching) and time to expected age at symptomatic onset indicate that cognitive deficits on some measures can be detected in mutation carriers prior to symptomatic AD and hence should be useful markers in subsequent longitudinal follow-up. Conclusions Overall cognitive and personality deficits in very mild ADAD are similar to those seen in sporadic AD. Cognitive deficits also occur in asymptomatic mutation carriers who are closer to the expected time of dementia onset. PMID:24219606

Storandt, Martha; Balota, David A.; Aschenbrenner, Andrew J.; Morris, John C.

2013-01-01

102

New Frontiers in Clinical Training: The UND Indians into Psychology Doctoral Education (InPsyDE) Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of North Dakota's (UND) Indians into Psychology Doctoral Education program seeks to identify and recruit promising American Indian students into the field of psychology and to provide culturally appropriate training to all UND students. The staff, including three American Indian psychologists, provide a culturally sensitive program

McDonald, Doug

1994-01-01

103

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to

Martin P Eccles; Jeremy M Grimshaw; Marie Johnston; Nick Steen; Nigel B Pitts; Ruth Thomas; Elizabeth Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2007-01-01

104

Manual for Clinical Psychology Trainees. Third Edition. Brunner/Mazel Basic Principles into Practice Series, Volume 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though directed primarily to graduate psychology students, this revised and expanded edition is intended to assist everyone involved in patient care. The manual attempts to provide practical and easily understandable guidelines which can be used for each step in the provision of psychological services. Instead of documenting every possible

Choca, James P.; Van Denburg, Eric J.

105

Practice research network in a psychology training clinic: Building an infrastructure to foster early attachment to the scientific-practitioner model.  

PubMed

Abstract Learning how to conduct clinically meaningful and actionable research while simultaneously training to be a competent clinician may be an optimal way to develop an early attachment to the scientific-practitioner model. In this paper, the transformation of a training clinic into a practice research network (PRN) is presented as a strategy to foster a seamless integration of clinical, training, and research facets of graduate training in psychology. With the hope of providing helpful guidance to trainers and trainees interested in building such an infrastructure, the authors describe the context in which they developed their training clinic PRN, its major components, and some of the studies that have been conducted in this network. Benefits earned and lessons learned (in terms of obstacles faced and strategies implemented to deal with them) are described, as well as general recommendations and future directions regarding the implementation and impact of training clinic PRNs. PMID:24279593

Castonguay, Louis G; Pincus, Aaron L; McAleavey, Andrew A

2015-01-01

106

Senior house officers' work related stressors, psychological distress, and confidence in performing clinical tasks in accident and emergency: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between accident and emergency senior house officers' psychological distress and confidence in performing clinical tasks and to describe work related stressors. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey with data collected at four points during senior house officers' six month attachment to accident and emergency departments. SUBJECTS: 171 newly appointed accident and emergency senior house officers from 27 hospitals in the South Thames region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological distress measured with a 25 item questionnaire; confidence in performing a range of 35 clinical and practical activities (visual analogue scales); reported consultation stress factors, other work related stressors, and personal stressors. RESULTS: Overall confidence scores in carrying out a range of clinical and practical activities increased significantly between the end of the first and the end of the fourth month (Z = -6.05, P < 0.001). Senior house officers with higher psychological distress scores at the end of their first and fourth month had significantly lower confidence scores (Z = -3.20, P < 0.001; Z = -1.90, P < 0.05). Senior house officers with lower increases in confidence between the first and fourth month had significantly higher distress than those with greater increases (Z = -2.62, P < 0.001). Factors identified as causing stress during consultations included difficulties with communication, certain clinical presentations, and department organisational factors (particularly the intensity of workload). CONCLUSIONS: Psychological distress is linked to confidence in senior house officers. This supports the need to monitor and build confidence in senior house officers and to address work related stressors. Additional communication skills training needs to be considered. PMID:9116547

Williams, S.; Dale, J.; Glucksman, E.; Wellesley, A.

1997-01-01

107

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

Vertes, Akos

108

Community Psychology in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes and analyses the evolution of community psychology in the United Kingdom. The British welfare state\\u000a and its contradictions, the nature of British psychology and international developments in theory and practice have all been\\u000a influential in shaping the relatively small field of community psychology in Britain. The contributions of clinical, educational,\\u000a and social psychologists are highlighted, together with

Mark Burton; Stephanie Boyle; Carl Psy; Carolyn Kagan

109

The Clinical Obesity Maintenance Model: An Integration of Psychological Constructs including Mood, Emotional Regulation, Disordered Overeating, Habitual Cluster Behaviours, Health Literacy and Cognitive Function  

PubMed Central

Psychological distress and deficits in executive functioning are likely to be important barriers to effective weight loss maintenance. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, in the light of recent evidence in the fields of neuropsychology and obesity, particularly on the deficits in the executive function in overweight and obese individuals, a conceptual and theoretical framework of obesity maintenance is introduced by way of a clinical obesity maintenance model (COMM). It is argued that psychological variables, that of habitual cluster Behaviors, emotional dysregulation, mood, and health literacy, interact with executive functioning and impact on the overeating/binge eating behaviors of obese individuals. Second, cognizant of this model, it is argued that the focus of obesity management should be extended to include a broader range of maintaining mechanisms, including but not limited to cognitive deficits. Finally, a discussion on potential future directions in research and practice using the COMM is provided. PMID:23710346

Raman, Jayanthi; Smith, Evelyn; Hay, Phillipa

2013-01-01

110

The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,

Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

2008-01-01

111

Assessing Student Interest and Familiarity with Professional Psychology Specialty Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined undergraduate psychology students' (N = 83) self-reported interest in and familiarity with five specialty areas in professional psychology: counseling psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, forensic psychology, and criminal profiling. Results suggest that although students are quite interested in careers

Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Wiggins, Tina L.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2006-01-01

112

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

113

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

114

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

115

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

116

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

Burton, Geoffrey R.

117

Developmental Course of Deprivation-Specific Psychological Patterns: Early Manifestations, Persistence to Age 15, and Clinical Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In chapter IV, the authors focused on their findings on the developmental course of deprivation-specific psychological patterns (DSPs). The authors rediscussed the syndrome concept in the light of two main considerations. First, the findings indicated substantial overlap among the four postulated DSPs at 15 years including CI and I/O before

Kreppner, Jana; Kumsta, Robert; Rutter, Michael; Beckett, Celia; Castle, Jennifer; Stevens, Suzanne; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.

2010-01-01

118

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

Burton, Geoffrey R.

119

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2010-04-01

120

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2010-04-01

121

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2011-04-01

122

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2011-04-01

123

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2013-04-01

124

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2012-04-01

125

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2013-04-01

126

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2012-04-01

127

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2014-04-01

128

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2014-04-01

129

Psychology in Spain: Its Historical and Cultural Roots, Instruction, Research and Future Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roots in Spanish Psychology dated back to Huarte de San Juan (1575). From this period to nowadays, Psychology has notably developed, branching in different areas such as psychology and sports and physical exercise, clinical and health psychology, educational psychology, psychology of social intervention, legal psychology, work and organisational

Montes-Berges, Beatriz; Aranda, Maria; Castillo-Mayen, Maria del Rosario

2011-01-01

130

Using plain English and behaviourally specific language to increase the implementation of clinical guidelines for psychological treatments in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Inequalities in the implementation of recommended psychological interventions for schizophrenia persist. Writing guidance in a particular style has been shown to improve service user intention to implement the recommendations. This current study explored this further in healthcare staff members. Aims: Can behaviourally specific and plain English language improve healthcare intentions to perform actions in line with guidance for schizophrenia. Method: An independent measure, single blind, randomised control trial. Guidance was written and disseminated in two formats, the "original" and "alternative". Self-report measures were administered to assess the cognitive determents of behaviour as described by the Theory of Planned Behaviour, actual behaviour consistent with the guidance, comprehension and satisfaction with the guidance. Results: No significant results were found when comparing the original guidance to the alternative for the cognitive determinants of behaviour, actual behaviour, comprehension or satisfaction. Conclusions: Behaviourally specific and plain English language does not affect healthcare professionals' intentions or behaviour to implement recommended guidance for the provision of psychological interventions for schizophrenia. A more multi-factorial approach including organisational culture may be required. PMID:25279816

Ince, Paul; Tai, Sara; Haddock, Gillian

2014-10-01

131

Socio-economic, behavioural, (neuro)psychological and clinical determinants of HRQoL in people living with HIV in Belgium: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Due to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-1 infection has evolved from a lethal to a chronic disease. As such, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become an important outcome variable. The purpose of this study was to identify socio-economic, behavioural, (neuro)psychological and clinical determinants of HRQoL among people living with HIV (PLHIV). Methods This study was conducted between 1 January and 31 December 2012 at the AIDS Reference Centre of Ghent University Hospital, a tertiary care referral centre in Belgium. Validated self-report questionnaires were administered to collect socio-demographic data, to assess HRQoL (Medical Outcomes Study-HIV), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II) and adherence to HAART (Short Medication Adherence Questionnaire) and to screen for neurocognitive dysfunction. Results A total of 237 people participated, among whom 187 (78.9%) were male. Mean age was 45.810.7 years and 144 (63.7%, 144/226) participants were homosexual. Median physical and mental health score (PHS, MHS) were 55.6 (IQR 48.260.6) and 52.0 (IQR 44.257.9), respectively. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that incapacity to work, depressive symptoms, neurocognitive complaints (NCCs), dissatisfaction with the patientphysician relationship and non-adherence were all negatively associated with HRQoL. Conclusions Socio-economic (work status), behavioural (adherence) and (neuro)psychological (depressive symptoms, NCCs) determinants independently impact HRQoL among this cohort of PLHIV. Clinical parameters (viral load, CD4 cell count) were not independently associated with HRQoL. PMID:24331754

Degroote, Sophie; Vogelaers, Dirk P.; Vermeir, Peter; Mariman, An; De Rick, Ann; Van Der Gucht, Bea; Pelgrom, Jolanda; Van Wanzeele, Filip; Verhofstede, Chris; Vandijck, Dominique M.

2013-01-01

132

Psychological distress among patients of an orthopaedic outpatient clinic: a study from a low-income country  

PubMed Central

Background Depression is common among general trauma patients and is associated with a poor outcome. We evaluated the relationship of psychological distress to physical injury, musculoskeletal complaints, and social factors in a low-income country. Methods We administered the Self-Rating Questionnaire (SRQ), the Oslo social support questionnaire, and the Brief Disability Questionnaire (BDQ). Results An SRQ score of 9 or more, which indicates probable depressive disorder, occurred in 45.6% of men and 76.1% of women. A high SRQ score was associated with female sex, little or no education, low income and little social support. Even after these were controlled for there was a significantly higher SRQ score in patients with arthritis, backache/prolapsed disc, major fracture and other bone pathology. Conclusions Depressive disorder appears to be very common in orthopaedic outpatients in Pakistan; both social circumstances and nature of bone pathology are associated with such depression. PMID:20205898

2010-01-01

133

Predictive neural biomarkers of clinical response in depression: a meta-analysis of functional and structural neuroimaging studies of pharmacological and psychological therapies.  

PubMed

We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of neural predictors of response to the most commonly used, evidence based treatments in clinical practice, namely pharmacological and psychological therapies. Investigations of medication-free subjects suffering from a current major depressive episode who underwent positron emission tomography (PET) or functional or structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans prior to the initiation of treatment were reviewed. Results of 20 studies from 15 independent samples were included in the functional imaging meta-analysis and 9 studies from 6 independent samples in the structural neuroimaging meta-analysis. Regional activations with prognostic value include the well replicated finding that increased baseline activity in the anterior cingulate is predictive of a higher likelihood of improvement. As well, increased baseline activation in the insula and striatum is associated with higher likelihood of a poorer clinical response. Structural neuroimaging studies indicated that a decrease in right hippocampal volume is a statistically significant predictor of poorer treatment response. Overall, the predictive information that is measurable with brain imaging techniques is both multimodal and regionally distributed as it contains functional as well as structural correlates which encompass several brain regions within a frontostriatal-limbic network. To develop clinically relevant, prognostic markers will require high predictive accuracy at the level of the individual. Predicting clinical response will help to stratify patients and to identify at an early stage those patients who may require more intensive or combined therapies. We propose that structural and functional neuroimaging show significant potential for the development of prognostic markers of clinical response in the treatment of depression. PMID:22659303

Fu, Cynthia H Y; Steiner, Herbert; Costafreda, Sergi G

2013-04-01

134

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology Faculty of Arts and Science Full-time tenure-track position of Professor of Clinical Psychology (Child) The Department of Psychology is seeking applications for a full-time tenure-track position at the rank of Assistant Professor of Child Clinical Psychology. Responsibilities

Parrott, Lael

135

PSY 796: Selected Topics in Psychology (3 units) Advanced Research Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

PSY 796: Selected Topics in Psychology (3 units) Advanced Research Methods in Psychology San Diego). Handbook of Research Methods in Developmental Science. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Clinical Kendall, P.C., Butcher, J.N., & Holmbeck, G.N. (1999). Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (2

Gallo, Linda C.

136

Medical psychology: Psychology's neglected child  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the field of medicine as an area for psychological inquiry. Evidence for the growth of medical psychology is presented, though relatively few psychologists are engaged in its pursuit. Medical topics of interest to psychologists are discussed, and the importance of more rigorous research methodologies being used in this area is stressed. It is suggested that psychology and medicine need

Michael J. Asken

1975-01-01

137

Test Reviews: Bracken, B. A., & Howell, K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Depression." Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors review the Clinical Assessment of Depression (CAD), a 50-item self-report measure of depressive symptoms designed for children, adolescents, adults, and elderly adults from 8 to 79 years of age. Purporting to be sensitive to depressive symptomatology across the lifespan, the test items were written to reflect the

Aghakhani, Anoosha; Chan, Eric K.

2007-01-01

138

College of Science Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Science Department of Psychology Tel: +64 3 364 2987, Fax: + 64 364 2181 Clinical Psychology Professional Training Scholarship for Mori, Pasifika, or other ethnic minority students Eligible Psychology (PGDipClinPsych) at the University of Canterbury for 2011. Scholarship purpose The purpose

Hickman, Mark

139

Welcome to prospective Psychology concentrators Dan Osherson  

E-print Network

Personality, Social & Clinical: PSY 207 Abnormal PSY 212 Moral Behavior PSY 252 Social Psychology PSY 257Welcome to prospective Psychology concentrators Dan Osherson osherson@princeton.edu Spring 2012 Dan Osherson Welcome to prospective Psychology concentrators #12;Much of the information that follows

Osherson, Daniel

140

Department of Psychology Fall 2013 Colloquium Schedule  

E-print Network

, Milwaukee, Educational Psychology Stemming the Tide: Why Women Leave Engineering **Will be held in EC 120 10Department of Psychology Fall 2013 Colloquium Schedule 9/12 Michael Wierzbicki, Ph.D. Professor Marquette University, Department of Psychology Clinic Policies and Procedures; Ethical and Legal Matters 9

Sanders, Matthew

141

A Second Life for eHealth: Prospects for the Use of 3-D Virtual Worlds in Clinical Psychology  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present paper is to describe the role played by three-dimensional (3-D) virtual worlds in eHealth applications, addressing some potential advantages and issues related to the use of this emerging medium in clinical practice. Due to the enormous diffusion of the World Wide Web (WWW), telepsychology, and telehealth in general, have become accepted and validated methods for the treatment of many different health care concerns. The introduction of the Web 2.0 has facilitated the development of new forms of collaborative interaction between multiple users based on 3-D virtual worlds. This paper describes the development and implementation of a form of tailored immersive e-therapy called p-health whose key factor is interreality, that is, the creation of a hybrid augmented experience merging physical and virtual worlds. We suggest that compared with conventional telehealth applications such as emails, chat, and videoconferences, the interaction between real and 3-D virtual worlds may convey greater feelings of presence, facilitate the clinical communication process, positively influence group processes and cohesiveness in group-based therapies, and foster higher levels of interpersonal trust between therapists and patients. However, challenges related to the potentially addictive nature of such virtual worlds and questions related to privacy and personal safety will also be discussed. PMID:18678557

Gaggioli, Andrea; Vigna, Cinzia; Riva, Giuseppe

2008-01-01

142

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology  

PubMed Central

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, Arthur W.

1994-01-01

143

Conducting a Randomized Clinical Trial of an Psychological Intervention for Parents/Caregivers of Children with Cancer Shortly after Diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Objective?To report acceptability, feasibility, and outcome data from a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of a brief intervention for caregivers of children newly diagnosed with cancer.?Method?Eighty-one families were randomly assigned following collection of baseline data to Intervention or Treatment as Usual (TAU). Recruitment and retention rates and progression through the protocol were tracked. Measures of state anxiety and posttraumatic stress symptoms served as outcomes.?Results?Difficulties enrolling participants included a high percentage of newly diagnosed families failing to meet inclusion criteria (40%) and an unexpectedly low participation rate (23%). However, movement through the protocol was generally completed in a timely manner and those completing the intervention provided positive feedback. Outcome data showed no significant differences between the arms of the RCT.?Conclusions?There are many challenges inherent in conducting a RCT shortly after cancer diagnosis. Consideration of alternative research designs and optimal timing for interventions are essential next steps. PMID:19091806

Stehl, Meredith Lutz; Alderfer, Melissa A.; Rodriguez, Alyssa; Hwang, Wei-Ting; Pai, Ahna L. H.; Boeving, Alexandra; Reilly, Anne

2009-01-01

144

Clinical efficacy and changes in the dosages of concomitantly used psychotropic drugs in memantine therapy in Alzheimers disease with behavioral and psychological symptoms on dementia  

PubMed Central

Objective: We investigated the clinical efficacy and changes in the dosages of concomitantly used psychotropic drugs in memantine therapy in Alzheimers disease (AD) with behavioral and psychological symptoms on dementia (BPSD). Methods: The subjects were 38 inpatients who had been diagnosed with AD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). The outcome measures assessed were BPSD and cognitive function. BPSD was assessed using the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) and cognitive function was assessed using the mini-mental examination (MMSE). The changes in the dosages of concomitant psychotropic drugs were also assessed. Results: Significant decreases were found in the memantine therapy group in the following NPI total score and five NPI subscales: delusions, hallucinations, agitation, irritability, and aberrant motor behavior, but no significant differences were seen between the memantine therapy group and the control group. Furthermore, the memantine therapy group allowed the dosage of the psychotropic drugs to be significantly reduced compared with the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the administration of memantine to patients with AD with BPSD may afford superior efficacy and may also make it possible to reduce the risperidone equivalent dose, the diazepam equivalent dose and the dosage of the psychotropic drugs. PMID:24167684

Inoue, Yuichi; Nishiyama, Akiyoshi; Mikami, Katsunaka; Gen, Keishi

2013-01-01

145

Family-based associations in measures of psychological distress and quality of life in a cardiac screening clinic for inheritable cardiac diseases: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Family-based cardiac screening programmes for persons at risk for genetic cardiac diseases are now recommended. However, the psychological wellbeing and health related quality of life (QoL) of such screened patients is poorly understood, especially in younger patients. We sought to examine wellbeing and QoL in a representative group of adults aged 16 and over in a dedicated family cardiac screening clinic. Methods Prospective survey of consecutive consenting patients attending a cardiac screening clinic, over a 12 month period. Data were collected using two health measurement tools: the Short Form 12 (version 2) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), along with baseline demographic and screening visit-related data. The HADS and SF-12v.2 outcomes were compared by age group. Associations with a higher HADS score were examined using logistic regression, with multi-level modelling used to account for the family-based structure of the data. Results There was a study response rate of 86.6%, with n=334 patients providing valid HADS data (valid response rate 79.5%), and data on n=316 retained for analysis. One-fifth of patients were aged under 25 (n=61). Younger patients were less likely than older to describe significant depression on their HADS scale (p<0.0001), although there were overall no difference between the prevalence of a significant HADS score between the younger and older age groups (18.0% vs 20.0%, p=0.73). Significant positive associates of a higher HADS score were having lower educational attainment, being single or separated, and being closely related to the family proband. Between-family variance in anxiety and depression scores was greater than within-family variance. Conclusions High levels of anxiety were seen amongst patients attending a family-based cardiac screening clinic.Younger patients also had high rates of clinically significant anxiety. Higher levels of anxiety and depression tends to run in families, and this has implications for family screening and intervention programmes. PMID:23295100

2013-01-01

146

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

147

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

148

257IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Institute of Psychology  

E-print Network

257IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Institute of Psychology Institute of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www Lam The Institute of Psychology offers graduate programs in Clinical, Industrial/Organizational (I

Heller, Barbara

149

Annotated Bibliography on the Teaching of Psychology: 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes materials on: (1) abnormal and clinical psychology, and personality; (2) career issues; (3) cognition and learning; (4) educational technology; (5) faculty evaluation; (6) graduate education; (7) high school instruction; (8) history of psychology; (9) introductory psychology; (10) perception, and physiological and comparative psychology;

Johnson, David E.; Schroder, Simone I.

1998-01-01

150

Can psychological models bridge the gap between clinical guidelines and clinicians' behaviour? A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to influence dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective The lag between publication of evidence for clinical practice and implementation by clinicians may be decades. Research using psychological models demonstrates that changing intention is very important in changing behaviour. This study examined an intervention (rehearsing alternative actions) to change dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice (EBP) for third molar (TM) management.Design Randomised controlled trial \\/ postal.Setting Primary care.Subjects

M Johnston; N B Pitts; C Deery; I Ricketts; M Bahrami; C Ramsay; J Johnston; D Bonetti

2003-01-01

151

Sport Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

Krotee, March L.

1980-01-01

152

Psychological Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Alternative Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments Take Part in Online Studies News You Can Use Living With IBS Relationships and IBS Pregnancy and IBS Travel and IBS IBS Patients' Experience and Unmet Needs ...

153

Psychological counterterrorism.  

PubMed

At the end of the last century international terrorist groups declared war on the United States. Rather than pursue this war using conventional means, terrorist tactics have been employed. Terrorism represents psychological warfare, not traditional military combat. Threats of assassination, bioterrorism, and even nuclear detonations have been used. Numerous attacks have subsequently been realized against both domestic and international American targets. Winning the war against terrorism means acknowledging and responding to the psychological dynamics inherent in this form of warfare, as well as the military and law enforcement aspects of the war. Consistent with Caplan's notions of preventive psychiatry, the fight against terrorism must occur on three levels: (1) prevention of the terrorist attacks themselves, (2) mitigating the adverse psychological impact of the persistent threats of terrorist acts, as well as the terrorist attacks when they do occur, and (3) psychological treatment of the lingering adverse effects of threatened or actualized terrorist attacks. The preplanned and/or coordinated psychological efforts to counteract terrorism and prevail in any given war against terrorism shall be herein discussed and subsequently referred to as "psychological counterterrorism." PMID:12882091

Everly, George S

2003-01-01

154

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of lumbar spine x-ray for low back pain in UK primary care practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPsychological models predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of\\u000a a range of psychological models to predict the health professional behaviour 'referral for lumbar spine x-ray in patients\\u000a presenting with low back pain' by UK primary care physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsPsychological measures were collected by postal questionnaire survey from a random

Jeremy M Grimshaw; Martin P Eccles; Nick Steen; Marie Johnston; Nigel B Pitts; Liz Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Ruth Thomas; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2011-01-01

155

[The current status of psychology in Korea].  

PubMed

This paper read as the special lecture at the Annual Convention of The Japanese Psychological Association, held at Tokyo Metropolitan University in 1990, and reported on the recent trends of psychology in the Republic of Korea. This report dealt essentially with four topics; 1) the history of Korean psychology which was divided into four periods of creation, reconstruction, development, and current status, after the liberation at the end of the World War II in 1945, 2) the distribution and academic status of 26 universities, with formal department of psychology, 3) general situation of job opportunities for the graduates in psychology of these universities, 4) the composition of Korean Psychological Association (KPA), consisting of nine divisions (social, industrial and organizational, clinical, consultations and psychotherapy, experimental and cognitive, developmental, biological and physiological psychology) with the total of about 400 members. Last, some directions of Korean psychology to the future was suggested. PMID:1507672

Cha, J H

1992-02-01

156

Psychological aspects of donor insemination.  

PubMed

This survey of the psychological literature on Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID) pays particular attention to the secrecy. Studies of couples beforehand do not arrive at criteria for choosing psychologically suitable couples. Follow-up questionnaires are superficial and cannot inform us which couples and what percentage of couples encounter psychological difficulties. Case reports of couples who encountered difficulties are too few to permit generalization and cannot specify AID's role in generating symptoms. A second look at the data suggests that, although overlooked, the secrecy surrounding AID may create psychological difficulties, a view supported by the findings at our clinic. A plea is made with specific recommendations to create an ambience in which openness is possible, and which will allow in-depth research of the psychological aspects of AID. PMID:7095981

Berger, D M

1982-01-01

157

Professional School Psychology Programs' Recruitment and Retention of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students  

E-print Network

to determine the strategies graduate school psychology programs implement to recruit and retain culturally and linguistically diverse students into the profession of psychology. Data from training directors in clinical, counseling and school psychology were...

Smith, Leann

2011-08-08

158

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

159

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

160

Clinical Neuropsychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical neuropsychology is a specialty of professional psychology that is based on knowledge of brainbehavior relationships and particularly abnormal brain functioning. In addition to specialized neurobehavioral evaluations, services provided by clinical neuropsychologists include interventions and consultation regarding persons with congenital and acquired brain disorders. Competent neuropsychological assessment relies on knowledge of clinical neuroscience, developmental changes, and appropriate tests and norms,

Corwin Boake

2008-01-01

161

Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution.  

PubMed

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the application of psychology to domains outside of the scientific laboratory. Applications of psychology that emerged from the functionalist ethos included child and developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, and industrial/vocational psychology. Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century. PMID:19203139

Green, Christopher D

2009-01-01

162

The psychological effects of vasectomy for American men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed evidence concerning the psychological effects of vasectomy for American men. Surveys of postoperative sexual behavior and satisfaction and/or happiness were cited, as were data from studies employing clinical interviews and/or psychological tests. (Author/SB)

Bloom, Larry J.; Houston, B. Kent

1976-01-01

163

FACTORS RELATING TO MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE IN BEGINNING PSYCHOLOGY INTERNS  

E-print Network

There is a paucity of research on the multicultural competence of the psychology intern population. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine counseling and clinical psychology interns' multicultural training experience and competence prior...

Vargas, Christian

2010-07-21

164

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

165

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

van Rooij, Robert

166

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

167

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

168

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

169

Social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

Floyd H. Allport

1920-01-01

170

Adult Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,

Bischof, Ledford J.

171

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

172

UCSD-SDSU Joint Doctoral Program In Clinical Psychology BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE SEMINAR: INTERVENTION ISSUES Psychology 843 Spring 2000 Tuesdays: 4:00 - 6:40 (1600 - 1840) Doctoral Training Facility, 6363 Alvarado Court, Conference Room B  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the course is to familiarize students with the major theories and models guiding interventions in behavioral medicine as well as empirically-supported principles of health behavior change. Clinical and community approaches to behavioral treatment and health promotion will be emphasized throughout the course. Some presentations will focus on clinical application issues, but the majority will emphasize behavioral medicine

James F. Sallis

173

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

174

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY--PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ENCOMPASSES ANY AREA OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY BROUGHT TO BEAR ON ANY PROBLEM OF SCHOOLS, OR PERSONS IN SCHOOLS, OR THE EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS OF SCHOOLS. AFTER WORLD WAR II, THE DEMAND FOR SCHOOL PROVISION OF CLINICAL SERVICES ROSE GREATLY BECAUSE OF THE RECOGNITION OF NEED, AFFLUENCE, AND THE POST-WAR BABY BOOM WHICH MAGNIFIED

DUNN, JAMES A.

175

The Psychological Basis of Threatening Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological make-up of persons who threaten to harm others is poorly understood despite psychologists in every clinical setting encountering this disturbing and aberrant conduct. Measures of personality and psychopathology, cognitive capacity, anger, adult attachment and attitudes were administered to 128 males who had uttered homicidal threats. Data quality was assessed with response style measures. A pattern of psychological dysfunction

Lisa J. Warren; James R. P. Ogloff; Paul E. Mullen

2012-01-01

176

UCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program  

E-print Network

UCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program 2015-2016 Applicant Manual Department of Psychiatry: Internship Policies and Procedures........................................pg 25 2014-2015 Proposed Internship-approved pre-doctoral internship in clinical psychology. The program begins each year on July 1. For 2015

Squire, Larry R.

177

Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the American Psychological Association Guidelines for psychological practice with older adults. The present document is intended to assist psychologists in evaluating their own readiness for working clinically with older adults and in seeking and using appropriate education and training to increase their knowledge, skills, and experience

American Psychologist, 2004

2004-01-01

178

Casebook for Providers of Psychological Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three cases involving quality assurance problems in clinical, industrial/organizational, and school psychology. Gives a statement of problem, applicable American Psychological Association policies, an interpretation of policy and principles in light of major questions posed by each case, and educative ramifications. (CMG)

Committee on Professional Standards

1984-01-01

179

The State of the Psychology Health Service Provider Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of

Michalski, Daniel S.; Kohout, Jessica L.

2011-01-01

180

The Place and Promise of Theory in Rehabilitation Psychology Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Although rehabilitation psychology is more focused on empirical evidence and clinical application than theory development, the authors argue for the primacy of theory and explain why theories are needed in and useful for rehabilitation psychology. Impediments to theory development are discussed, including the difficulties of applying psychological theories in multidisciplinary enterprises and the difficulties in developing a theory-driven research

Dana S. Dunn; Timothy R. Elliott

2008-01-01

181

Psychological progress in 1911  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the progress of psychology with reference to: (1) the definition and scope of psychology, (2) the psychology of will, motivation and determination, (3) the measurement of intelligence, (4) The phenomena of dreams, and (5) differentiated branches of psychology having separate periodicals. Profiles the trend of psychological publications for the years 1909-1910. Concludes with a report on the deaths of

Edward Franklin Buchner

1912-01-01

182

Predictors of Psychology Graduate Student Interest in the Field of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined predictors of interest in the future provision of clinical services to people with developmental disabilities by Canadian graduate students in psychology. Utilizing a cross-sectional survey, 458 psychology students from clinical, clinical neuropsychology, and counseling psychology programs from across Canada provided

Viecili, Michelle A.; MacMullin, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Jonathan A.; Lunsky, Yona

2010-01-01

183

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

184

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

185

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

186

Psychology OFFICE: Life Sciences 110 In the College of Sciences TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5358  

E-print Network

348 Psychology OFFICE: Life Sciences 110 In the College of Sciences TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5358 UNDERGRADUATE ADVISING OFFICE: Life Sciences 116 TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5412 FAX: (619) 594-1332 WEB SITE: www.psychology by the Department Doctor of Philosophy degree in clinical psychology. Master of Arts degree in psychology. Master

Gallo, Linda C.

187

Psychological aspects of Turner syndrome.  

PubMed

Turner syndrome (TS) is a sex-chromosome disorder, occurring in 1 in 2500 female births. The principal features of TS are short stature and dysfunctional gonads, resulting in a lack of sex hormones, incomplete pubertal development and impaired fertility. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the psychological effects of TS. The main areas covered relate to well-being and psychopathology, self-esteem, social functioning, gender identity, partner relations and sexual functioning, coping, family aspects and clinical aspects of cognitive impairment. Research on the psychological effects of medical intervention is described, and the methods used for psychological and educational support are presented. Finally, methodological issues are discussed and areas for future research are proposed. PMID:9575464

Boman, U W; Mller, A; Albertsson-Wikland, K

1998-03-01

188

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of

Edwards, Lesley

189

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2007). Abnormal child psychology (3rd ed). Belmont, CA: ThomsonDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

190

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

The required textbook for this class is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2008). Abnormal child psychology (4th edDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2009 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

191

Mistreating Psychology in the Decades of the Brain  

PubMed Central

We systematically mistreat psychological phenomena, both logically and clinically. This article explores three contentions: that the dominant discourse in modern cognitive, affective, and clinical neuroscience assumes that we know how psychology/biology causation works when we do not; that there are serious intellectual, clinical, and policy costs to pretending we do know; and that crucial scientific and clinical progress will be stymied as long as we frame psychology, biology, and their relationship in currently dominant ways. The arguments are developed with emphasis on misguided attempts to localize psychological function via neuroimaging, misunderstandings about the role of genetics in psychopathology, and unfortunate constraints on health-care policy and clinical service delivery. A particular challenge, articulated but not resolved in this article, is determining what constitutes adequate explanation in the relationship between psychology and biology. PMID:21949539

Miller, Gregory A.

2011-01-01

192

Psychologys Entrepreneurs and the Marketing of Industrial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1930, entrepreneurial individuals in academic psychology and engineering converged on a common interest in the human side of enterprise. Both disciplines subsequently overlapped in marketing their professional business services. Separating from academic psychology, applied psychologists alluded to being \\

Thomas J. Van De Water

1997-01-01

193

SCIRehab Project Series: The Psychology Taxonomy  

PubMed Central

Context: The integration of psychologists as members of the rehabilitation team has occurred in conjunction with the evolution and adoption of interdisciplinary teams as the standard of care in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation. Although the value of psychological services during rehabilitation is endorsed widely, specific interventions and their association with patient outcomes have not been examined adequately. Objective: To address this shortcoming, psychologists from 6 SCI centers collaborated to develop a psychology intervention taxonomy and documentation framework. Methods: Utilizing an interactive process, the lead psychologists from 6 centers compiled an inclusive list of patient characteristics assessed and interventions delivered in routine psychological practice at the participating rehabilitation facilities. These were systematically grouped, defined, and compared. Results: The resulting taxonomy became the basis of a documentation framework utilized by psychologists for the study. The psychology taxonomy includes 4 major clinical categories (assessment, psychotherapeutic interventions, psychoeducational interventions, and consultation) with 5 to 10 specific activities in each category. Conclusions: Examination of psychological interventions and their potential association with positive outcomes for persons who sustain SCI requires the development of a taxonomy. Results of these efforts illustrate similarities and differences in psychological practice among SCI centers and offer the opportunity to blend research and clinical practice in an innovative approach to evidence-based practice improvement. The established taxonomy provides a basic framework for future studies on the effect of psychological interventions. PMID:19810633

Wilson, Catherine; Huston, Toby; Koval, Jill; Gordon, Samuel A; Schwebel, Andrea; Gassaway, Julie

2009-01-01

194

The Social Psychology of Compassion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article places social work clinicians compassion fatigue, burnout, and other negative consequences in a broader context\\u000a of positive social work. We argue for a paradigm shift towards identifying the factors that lead clinical social workers toward\\u000a human flourishing in their field. We introduce a model for creating compassion satisfaction or feelings of fulfillment with\\u000a clients, rooted in positive psychology

Melissa Radey; Charles R. Figley

2007-01-01

195

Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous recent attempts to identify mediated and moderated effects in child-clinical and pediatric research on child adjustment have been characterized by terminological, conceptual, and statistical inconsistencies. To promote greater clarity, the terms mediating and moderating are defined and differentiated. Recommended statistical strategies that can be used to test for these effects are reviewed (i.e., multiple regression and structural equation modeling

Grayson N. Holmbeck

1997-01-01

196

Historically grounding the practice of psychology: implications for professional training.  

PubMed

The author explores 3 ways the history of psychology can be made relevant to professional training in clinical psychology. Focusing on the practitioner-scholar model of clinical professional training, he argues that 3 central facets of historical understanding can be wedded to existing goals of professional training: (a) providing an interdisciplinary context for psychology, (b) addressing concerns about humans in the field, and (c) mediating theory-practice tensions that often exist in professional training. Suggestions are also made for encouraging historical understanding as essential to fostering critical self-reflection among students preparing for careers in professional psychology. PMID:12269334

Buchanan, Trey

2002-08-01

197

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

198

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

Jiang, Huiqiang

199

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

200

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

201

Psychology in Action: Psychology in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the

Hsiao, Sigmund

1977-01-01

202

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

203

Enhancing Placebo Effects: Insights From Social Psychology  

PubMed Central

Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions. PMID:23488251

SLIWINSKI, JIM; ELKINS, GARY R.

2012-01-01

204

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

205

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

206

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

207

Intro through Internet Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class. Course content,

Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

208

Department of Psychology Ph.D. Program in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

of Competencies....................................................................7 Evaluation of Competencies..................................................................8 Admission Data for the Doctoral Program.............................................9 Competency Evaluation

Wu, Shin-Tson

209

Department of Psychology Ph.D. Program in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

of Competencies....................................................................7 Evaluation of Competencies..................................................................8 Admission Data for the Doctoral Program, 2010-2011..............................9 Competency Evaluation

Foroosh, Hassan

210

Psychological Adjustment of Obese Youth Presenting for Weight Management Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the prevalence of psychological maladjustment in clinic-based treatment-seeking obese children and adolescents (BMI ? 95th percentile) and the degree to which maternal, demographic, and youth factors correlate to the youths psychological adjustment.Research Methods and Procedures: Anthropometrics, demographics (race, sex, insurance status), measures of youth psychological adjustment (self- and mother-report; Behavior Assessment System for Children), and maternal self-report

Meg H. Zeller; Brian E. Saelens; Helmut Roehrig; Shelley Kirk; Stephen R. Daniels

2004-01-01

211

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

212

Are Problems Prevalent and Stable in Non-Clinical Populations? Problems and Test-Retest Stability of a Patient-Generated Measure, PSYCHLOPS (Psychological Outcome Profiles), in a Non-Clinical Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In straightened times counselling must evidence the changes it promotes on reputable measures. Patient-generated measures complement nomothetic measures and may be nearer the ethos of counselling in eliciting individuals' problems. Scores from such measures from non-clinical samples are rarely reported, making their test-retest stability

Evans, Chris; Ashworth, Mark; Peters, Marilyn

2010-01-01

213

Interests and Career Preparation of Professional Psychology Doctoral Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers whether professional psychology programs are adequately preparing graduate students for post-doctoral careers in light of recent changes in the profession. It describes a national survey to assess the perceived adequacy of the preparation that clinical, counseling, and school psychology doctoral students receive for their

Meyers, Steven A.; Kvall, Steven A.; Byers, Kristie; Vega, Natalie; Wedell, Amy; Hichcox, Nanette; Higgins, Sean

214

Disappearances, Silences, and Anxious Rhetoric: Gender in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewed from a feminist perspective, the history of clinical psychology reveals a troubledand troublingrelationship to women. Diagnoses and treatments have sometimes served to control and even victimize women. Over the past 25 years, feminist scholarship, activism, and practice have yielded impressive contributions to knowledge. Yet, these accomplishments go largely unnoticed in textbooks in abnormal psychology. Why the resistance? Looking beyond

Jeanne Marecek

1993-01-01

215

Transforming Coverage of Primary Prevention in Abnormal Psychology Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that a comprehensive understanding of abnormal psychology requires coverage of recent advances in primary prevention. Describes a conceptual scheme and recommends resources and teaching methods for instructors. Asserts that clinical and community psychology are conceptually distinct but complementary fields. (CFR)

Dalton, James H.; And Others

1994-01-01

216

Linked Psychology and Writing Courses across the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance student performance, prevent attrition, and build a learning community, two courses were linked together by requiring concurrent enrollment. "Writing Effectively," an upper-division composition course, was linked with "Abnormal Psychology," an upper-division clinical psychology course, requiring concurrent enrollment in both. In short,

Cargill, Kima; Kalikoff, Beth

2007-01-01

217

Applied Sport Psychology in Professional Sports: The Team Psychologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional sports has become a significant worldwide business in which highly paid athletes are considered substantial assets to be carefully selected, developed, and protected. Psychologists have become increasingly involved with professional sport organizations, providing a wide range of psychological services, such as performance enhancement consultation, clinical or counseling interventions, and psychological testing. As increasing numbers of psychologists enter the sport

Frank L. Gardner

2001-01-01

218

Identifying Effective Psychological Treatments of Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clarified efficacy of psychological treatments for insomnia through a meta-analysis of 66 outcome studies representing 139 treatment groups. Psychological treatments produced considerable enhancement of both sleep patterns and the subjective experience of sleep. Participants who were clinically referred and who did not regularly use sedatives

Murtagh, Douglas R. R.; Greenwood, Kenneth M.

1995-01-01

219

Topical and Applied Interests of Introductory Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using forced-choice and continuous measures, introductory psychology students reported highest interest for the topical areas of clinical and social psychology (over biological, cognitive, and developmental) and for the applied areas of education and health (over business, environment, and law) at both the beginning and end of semesters. Among

Stalder, Daniel R.; Stec, Deborah A.

2007-01-01

220

Traumatic Stress, Disaster Psychology, and Graduate Education: Reflections on the Special Section and Recommendations for Professional Psychology Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The articles appearing in this special section highlight disaster psychology as a typically neglected aspect of the clinical curriculum, the challenges of operationalizing efficacy measures for program evaluation, and the personal and professional impact of disaster exposure. The authors review literature suggesting the importance of training in disaster psychology. The authors also offer a framework for promoting competency among future

Barbara A. Yutrzenka; James A. Naifeh

2008-01-01

221

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

Miall, Chris

222

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

223

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

224

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

course from the following: Psych 320 Developmental Psychology: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal PsychologyBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

225

The Healthy Aging Brain Care (HABC) Monitor: validation of the Patient Self-Report Version of the clinical tool designed to measure and monitor cognitive, functional, and psychological health  

PubMed Central

Background Primary care providers need an inexpensive, simple, user-friendly, easily standardized, sensitive to change, and widely available multidomain instrument to measure the cognitive, functional, and psychological symptoms of patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions. We previously validated the Caregiver Report Version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor (HABC Monitor) for measuring and monitoring the severity of symptoms through caregiver reports. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Patient Self-Report Version of the HABC Monitor (Self-Report HABC Monitor). Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Primary care clinics affiliated with a safety net urban health care system in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Subjects A total of 291 subjects aged ?65 years with a mean age of 72.7 (standard deviation 6.2) years, 76% female, and 56% African Americans. Analysis Psychometric validity and reliability of the Self-Report HABC Monitor. Results Among 291 patients analyzed, the Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrated excellent fit for the confirmatory factor analysis model (root mean square error of approximation =0.030, comparative fit index =0.974, weighted root mean square residual =0.837) and good internal consistency (0.780.92). Adequate convergentdivergent validity (differences between the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status test-based cognitive function impairment versus nonimpairment groups) was demonstrated only when patients were removed from analysis if they had both cognitive function test impairment and suspiciously perfect self-report HABC Monitor cognitive floor scores of 0. Conclusion The Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrates good reliability and validity as a clinically practical multidimensional tool for measuring symptoms. The tool can be used along with its caregiver version to provide useful feedback (via monitoring of symptoms) for modifying care plans. Determining the validity of HABC Monitor scores from patients who self-report a perfect cognitive score of 0 requires cognitive function test results (eg, Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status or Mini Mental State Examination) or Caregiver Report HABC Monitor scores or further clinical examination to rule out the possibility that the patient is denying or unaware of their cognitive symptoms. PMID:25584024

Monahan, Patrick O; Alder, Catherine A; Khan, Babar A; Stump, Timothy; Boustani, Malaz A

2014-01-01

226

The Prediction of Graduate School Success in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional graduate school admissions indices were used to predict performance on a screening examination called the Master's Comprehensive (MACOMP). The major finding was the similarity of prediction of MACOMP performance for clinical and experimental psychology students. (Author/GK)

Kirnan, Jean Powell; Geisinger, Kurt F.

1981-01-01

227

Distinguishing Science from Pseudoscience in School Psychology: Science and Scientific Thinking as Safeguards against Human Error  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for

Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Ammirati, Rachel; David, Michal

2012-01-01

228

Statistical Power of Psychological Research: What Have We Gained in 20 Years?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calculated power for 6,155 statistical tests in 221 journal articles published in 1982 volumes of "Journal of Abnormal Psychology,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," and "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology." Power to detect small, medium, and large effects was .17, .57, and .83, respectively. Concluded that power of

Rossi, Joseph S.

1990-01-01

229

Bachelor of Science, Psychology 2010-2011 Old Dominion University Catalog  

E-print Network

AREA IV: Clinical 306 Health Psychology; 325 Drugs & Behavior; 405 Abnormal; 412 Testing; or 461 DrugBachelor of Science, Psychology 2010-2011 Old Dominion University Catalog *Lower division Introduction to Psychology 3 * GEN. ED.Human Behavior (PSYC 201S or 203S may not be used; CRJS 215S/SOC 201S

230

Distinguishing science from pseudoscience in school psychology: Science and scientific thinking as safeguards against human error  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientistpractitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for school psychologists. Specifically, we (a) outline basic principles of scientific thinking, (b) delineate widespread cognitive

Scott O. Lilienfeld; Rachel Ammirati; Michal David

231

Effect of Vasectomy on Psychological Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pie- to postoperative changes in couples electing vasectomy are discussed. High satisfaction with the operation is found, along with apparently desirable changes in attitudes toward child rearing and views of self and spouse. There is, however, concurrent evidence (both on psychometric scales and on clinical ratings) of adverse psychological changes in both husband and wife and of reduced marital satisfaction

FREDERICK J. ZIEGLER; DAVID A. RODGERS

232

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

233

Psychology is about processes.  

PubMed

Out of the eight points of methodological criticism against contemporary psychology formulated by Watson (Psychological Bulletin 31:755-776, 1934) and put forward by Toomela in this issue, the overemphasis on prediction, the neglect of individual differences, the habit of the differences between the mental states of subjects in objective experimental conditions are particularly important. Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices. PMID:17992866

Ohlsson, Stellan

2007-03-01

234

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

235

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014 Lecture Instructors: Robin Hertz, M such as t-tests, chi-square, and ANOVA. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods, Research Methods in Psychology, is an excellent

Lockery, Shawn

236

AllPsych Online: The Virtual Psychology Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For instructors or students looking for material on many aspects of psychology, the AllPsych Online site may prove to be indispensable. The site was started in 1999, and it contains eight primary sections which cover everything from classic psychology studies to an extensive reference area. First-time visitors may wish to start by looking through the "Reference" area, which features an expanded timeline of psychology through the ages, a dictionary, and biographies of prominent persons in the field. People interested in entering the field of psychology will want to click on over to the "Careers and Education in Psychology" section for the materials on various academic programs in clinical, counseling, and school psychology. For a bit of a diversion, the site also has a "Fun and Games" area where visitors can take a look at some optical illusions and crossword puzzles.

Heffner, Christopher L.

2007-01-01

237

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

238

PSYCHOLOGY 202 MIND AND SOCIETY  

E-print Network

, methods, and applications of psychological science. apply psychological concepts to enhance understanding. COURSE MATERIALS The required textbook for this course is Gazzaniga, Heatherton, & Halpern; 3rd Edition (2010). Psychological Science. New York: Norton. In addition to your text, you

Lockery, Shawn

239

Self-Care Practices and Perceived Stress Levels Among Psychology Graduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that stress among psychology graduate students can negatively impact academic performance, clinical skills, and personal well-being. However, less is known about factors related to stress management among psychology graduate students. The current study examined self-care practices and perceived stress among psychology graduate students Four hundred eighty-eight psychology graduate students from across the United States completed an

Shannon B. Myers; Alison C. Sweeney; Victoria Popick; Kimberly Wesley; Amanda Bordfeld; Randy Fingerhut

2012-01-01

240

Contributions of object relations theory and self psychology to relational psychology and group psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Object relations theory and self psychology are psychoanalytic perspectives that are especially concerned with interpersonal relations and their mental representations. Object relations theory began as an intrapsychic "singleton" psychology with the work of Freud and Melanie Klein. It subsequently evolved into a multi-person psychology with the work of Bion on groups, as well as the clinical and theoretical contributions of Winnicott and Fairbairn. Kohutian self psychology, which emerged later, has been interested in the relations between the self and significant others as mirroring and idealizing "self-objects." Stolorow's "inter-subjective perspective" emerged from self psychology as a full-fledged multi-person point of view. This article considers the significance of contemporary object relations theory and self psychology as relational, multi-person perspectives in terms of their application to group psychotherapy, focusing upon the group-as-a-whole, projective identification, transitional space and object, and self/self-object relations as particularly useful constructs. A clinical vignette is provided. PMID:10778012

Schermer, V L

2000-04-01

241

Journal of Abnormal Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1965, 70, 1. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology will give priority to articles on problems related to abnormal behavior, broadly defined. The Journal's interests thus include the following: (a) psychopathology--its development or acquisition, its treatment or remission, and its symptomatology and course; (b) normal processes in abnormal individuals; (c) pathological

Howard F. Hunt; William N. Thetford

1965-01-01

242

Psychology and common sense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the nature of the relationship between psychology and common sense. It is postulated that common sense may be categorized in 3 ways: (a) as a set of shared fundamental assumptions, (b) as a set of maxims or shared beliefs, and (c) as a shared way of thinking. It is argued that psychology has and should have a different relationship

Garth J. Fletcher

1984-01-01

243

Psychology and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent sortie into the history of presidential addresses in C.P.A. turned up an interesting sidelight. Two of the first 4 presidents had chosen to discuss directly psychology's responsibilities to society (Line, 1945; Bernhardt, 1947); since 1947, presidential addresses have shown a predominant concern for scientific aspects of psychology with internal organizational matters of the Association receiving lesser but still

W. H. Coons

1968-01-01

244

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

245

Affecting qualitative health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The affective turn is a contemporary movement within the humanities, social science, and psychology to investigate affect, emotion, and feeling as hybrid phenomena jointly constituted from both biological and social influences. Health and illness are themselves jointly constituted in this way, and many of the topics, concerns, and methods of health psychology are strongly permeated by affective phenomena. Qualitative research

John Cromby

2011-01-01

246

Medical Psychology in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the state of medical psychology in Canada and explores some current controversies and challenges for the future of the field. The practice of psychology in Canadian medical settings is influenced by the country's universal healthcare system and by the need to provide adequate care to a diverse and widely dispersed population. Although Canada's licensing system does not

Alisha Ali

2001-01-01

247

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. d) #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

248

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

249

Genetics and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research

Plomin, Robert

2004-01-01

250

Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

Paul L. Wachtel

1969-01-01

251

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12 experimental conditions reported here demon- strate the top-down influence of word representations, even under listening conditions that pose severe problems for the best computer-based speech

Coulson, Seana

252

Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL) consists of (1) highly interactive, web-deliverable psychology experiments and demonstrations, (2) a cumulative data archive from which students can retrieve datasets for analysis, and (3) user-controlled data extraction and analysis tools designed for the diverse needs of end users. One of the goals of the collection is to offer support for student research and educators who are not adept in experimental design and data analysis. Psychology students will be able to collect data, analyze data, and report their findings for class assignments or individual projects. Because psychology is allied to many disciplines--biology, sociology, and political science among them--OPL will contribute to the set of experiments available to students who wish to study psychologically-based issues in related scientific disciplines.

2006-03-08

253

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

254

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

255

2012 Clinical Psychology Doctoral Student Accomplishments Publications  

E-print Network

, K. L. (2012). Cognitive behavioral approaches for treating eating disorders. In K. L. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention

Gelfond, Michael

256

Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

an episode of major depression this year; and suicide is the third leading cause of death for people between not recognize their own addiction), and because many people -- e.g. those without adequate insurance or in rural

257

Institute of Psychology Institute of Psychology  

E-print Network

and Empowerment (NCSE) is a reasearch group meant to promote recov- ery from mental illness by understanding laboratories for human behavioral as- sessment studies, psychophysiological research, infant and maternal the Institute of Psychology. Many journals and databases are available through IITs libraries. Research Areas

Saniie, Jafar

258

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

259

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

260

Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A

Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

2009-01-01

261

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

262

Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology  

E-print Network

232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

Dresden, Gregory

263

Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

Hardy, Christopher R.

264

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal Psychology Note: Psych 320 or 342 cannot be double-counted here and in ClusterBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

265

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 -Section 101  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 - Section 101 Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays variety of topics in the field of abnormal psychology, including its history and the methods used). Abnormal psychology in a changing world (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. Textbook

Liu, Taosheng

266

International School Psychology: Psychology's Worldwide Portal to Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International school psychology is discussed in reference to scholarly and professional development within psychology, the emergence of an international association of school psychology, its efforts to promote school psychology, prevailing characteristics of school psychologists, and additional efforts needed to further enhance its development.

Oakland, Thomas D.

2003-01-01

267

The state of the psychology health service provider workforce.  

PubMed

Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of the PsyD degree and the formalization of the predoctoral internship placement system (the APPIC Match) have been well noted, but efforts to gain a complete understanding of professional practice are lacking. Specifically, piecemeal research on the provider workforce has led to the study of specific subpopulations using varying approaches and definitions of those providing direct clinical service. Consequently, estimates of the supply and need for health service providers are distinctly divergent and generate protracted debate in organized psychology. The APA membership directory and the APA Doctorate Employment Surveys have traditionally been relied on for workforce analyses. Yet, these data have become characterized by limited generalizability in recent years because of declining survey response rates and the fact that APA member data may not be as representative of the entire psychology health service provider population as they were previously. The 2008 APA Survey of Psychology Health Service Providers targeted these limitations by including nonmember psychologists in the sampling frame. Results revealed emerging themes in the demographics, work settings, and delivery of health services of the psychology health service provider workforce. Future areas of research for APA and organized psychology to undertake in addressing need and demand are suggested. PMID:22121982

Michalski, Daniel S; Kohout, Jessica L

2011-12-01

268

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris

269

Positive Psychology: A Foucauldian Critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes and critiques some of the truth claims of positive psychology by applying Foucault's concepts of power\\/knowledge, discipline, and governmentality. It illustrates how positive psychology deploys mechanisms to devalue, subjugate, and discredit humanistic psychology. It also illustrates how positive psychology privileges particular modes of functioning by classifying and categorizing character strengths and virtues, supporting a neo-liberal economic and

Matthew McDonald; Jean OCallaghan

2008-01-01

270

Teaching Psychology in the 1980s: A Content Analysis of Leading Introductory Psychology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introductory psychology textbooks were analyzed to determine what percentage of space they devoted to the following content areas: experimental/learning, physiological/biological, developmental, social/personality, cognitive, clinical, educational, industrial/organizational, tests and measurements, and other. Results showed a clear preponderance

Harari, Herbert; Jacobson, Adela

1984-01-01

271

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

272

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

273

A New Theoretical Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is suggested that the study of artificial intelligence can provide ways of thinking about the human mind that are potentially valuable in formulating cognitive theories. Theoretical psychology is proposed as an appropriate classification for this branch of theory. (MSE)

Longuet-Higgins, H. C.

1982-01-01

274

Internet research in psychology.  

PubMed

Today the Internet plays a role in the lives of nearly 40% of the world's population, and it is becoming increasingly entwined in daily life. This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. We provide an overview of the literature, considering three broad domains of research: translational (implementing traditional methods online; e.g., surveys), phenomenological (topics spawned or mediated by the Internet; e.g., cyberbullying), and novel (new ways to study existing topics; e.g., rumors). We discuss issues (e.g., sampling, ethics) that arise when doing research online and point to emerging opportunities (e.g., smartphone sensing). Psychological research on the Internet comes with new challenges, but the opportunities far outweigh the costs. By integrating the Internet, psychological research has the ability to reach large, diverse samples and collect data on actual behaviors, which will ultimately increase the impact of psychological research on society. PMID:25251483

Gosling, Samuel D; Mason, Winter

2015-01-01

275

"Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

Keutzer, Carolin S.

1993-01-01

276

Psychology and Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of 60 undergraduates which investigated correlations between style variations (inversion, ornamentation, condensation, poor distribution, and deliberate misleadingness) and such psychological factors as reading ease, mental organization, and recall. (DD)

De Beaugrande, Robert

1979-01-01

277

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychology Topics Addictions ADHD Anger Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Emotional Health Ethics Learning & Memory ... ADHD Aging Alzheimer's Anger Anxiety Autism Bipolar Disorder Bullying Children Death & Dying Depression Disability Eating Disorders Education ...

278

Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's views on various psychological behaviors were significant. Basing his conclusions on empirical research, he wrote extensively on the phylogeny of behavior, emotional expression, sexual selection, instincts, evolution of morals, ontogeny of behavior, and genetics of behavior. (PS)

Ghiselin, Michael T.

1973-01-01

279

The Psychology of Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven psychological factors were analyzed in relation to unsafe behavior of students in laboratory activities. Findings imply a need for accurate records of unsafe acts, accidents, and injuries in identifying areas of potential progress in accident prevention. (MU)

Nichols, George V., Jr.

1972-01-01

280

The image of psychology programs: the value of the instrumental-symbolic framework.  

PubMed

As competition for funding and students intensifies, it becomes increasingly important for psychology programs to have an image that is attractive and makes them stand out from other programs. The current study uses the instrumental-symbolic framework from the marketing domain to determine the image of different master's programs in psychology and examines how these image dimensions relate to student attraction and competitor differentiation. The samples consist of both potential students (N = 114) and current students (N = 68) of three psychology programs at a Belgian university: industrial and organizational psychology, clinical psychology, and experimental psychology. The results demonstrate that both instrumental attributes (e.g., interpersonal activities) and symbolic trait inferences (e.g., sincerity) are key components of the image of psychology programs and predict attractiveness as well as differentiation. In addition, symbolic image dimensions seem more important for current students of psychology programs than for potential students. PMID:24946389

Van Hoye, Greet; Lievens, Filip; De Soete, Britt; Libbrecht, Nele; Schollaert, Eveline; Baligant, Dimphna

2014-01-01

281

Psychological Processing in Chronic Pain: A Neural Systems Approach  

PubMed Central

Our understanding of chronic pain involves complex brain circuits that include sensory, emotional, cognitive and interoceptive processing. The feed-forward interactions between physical (e.g., trauma) and emotional pain and the consequences of altered psychological status on the expression of pain have made the evaluation and treatment of chronic pain a challenge in the clinic. By understanding the neural circuits involved in psychological processes, a mechanistic approach to the implementation of psychology-based treatments may be better understood. In this review we evaluate some of the principle processes that may be altered as a consequence of chronic pain in the context of localized and integrated neural networks. These changes are ongoing, vary in their magnitude, and their hierarchical manifestations, and may be temporally and sequentially altered by treatments, and all contribute to an overall pain phenotype. Furthermore, we link altered psychological processes to specific evidence-based treatments to put forth a model of pain neuroscience psychology. PMID:24374383

Simons, Laura; Elman, Igor; Borsook, David

2014-01-01

282

Psychological and Social Predictors of Suicidal Ideation among Young Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is an enormous amount of literature demonstrating socio-psychological determinants of suicide and self-injurious behaviour among adults or clinical samples of children and adolescents, there is a scarcity of studies focussing on non-clinical adolescent samples. The current study examined associations between self-reported data on

Kirkcaldy, Bruce D.; Eysenck, Michael W.; Siefen, Georg R.

2004-01-01

283

Student's Name: To consider this student's cancellation request for medical and/or psychological reasons, Wayne State University  

E-print Network

/or psychological condition(s) from a licensed clinical professional or health care provider thoroughly familiar named above: 1) Student's medical/psychological condition/diagnosis: a) How long has the student hadStudent's Name: To consider this student's cancellation request for medical and/or psychological

Finley Jr., Russell L.

284

[Psychology of relationships as a theoretical concept in medical psychology and psychotherapy].  

PubMed

The theoretical concept called "psychology of relations" (A. F. Lazursky, V. N. Myasishchev) is offered as the basis for a study of a patient's personality and psychotherapy. The author stresses ideological relationship of psychology of relations with phylosophy of dialectical materialism and I. P. Pavlov's studies about conditioned reflexes, its relationship with clinical psychoneurology, its direction to a study of the personality and adherence to primacy of consciousness over unconciousness. The perspectiveness of the evolutionally ontogenetic approach to the analysis of the system of relations and necessity to elaborate working systematizations determined by the research purpose, is stated. PMID:602558

Lichko, A E

1977-01-01

285

Psychological condition of patients complaining of halitosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the actual degree of malodor and the psychological condition of patients complaining of halitosis.Methods: The subjects consisted of 155 patients aged 4617 years (meanSD) who visited the Halitosis Clinic at Kyushu University Dental Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. The Cornell Medical Index (CMI) Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the

T Oho; Y Yoshida; Y Shimazaki; Y Yamashita; T Koga

2001-01-01

286

Soviet psychology and psychophysiology.  

PubMed

Pavlov's experiments, begun long before the revolution, have always been generously supported by the Soviet state. However, their far-reaching ontological and methodological implication gained an official and commanding position to Soviet biomedical and psychosocial (as distinct from socioeconomic) sciences only in 1950 with the Resolution of the 28 June-4 July Joint Pavlovian Session of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medical Sciences. In the biomedical sciences, present-day Soviet Pavlovianism may best be conceived of as (i) a doctrine of nervism (a Russian term)-the ubiquity of neural control of bodily reactions (neural, neurosomatic, neurovisceral, and neurohumoral) and (ii) a doctrine of what might be called concomitantism (my term )-the ready and radical modification of these reactions by concomitant reactions; or, viewed more generally and somewhat differently, as (iii) a far-reaching physicalistic psychosomaticism or, rather, a neuroviscerosomaticism. Psychophysiology-or higher nervous activity-is the key discipline here. With scores of research institutes, it is indeed a very well-established, wide-scoped, and faradvanced faradvanced science that, in both present achievements and future capabilities, is a challenge to American and Western equivalents. On the other hand, in the psychosocial sciences and the key discipline of psychology proper, unmitigated Pavlovian physicalism and objectivism is met head on by (i) the unbending postulate of dialectical materialism of "the specific emergent efficacy of consciousness and subjective conscious categories" as well as by (ii) the simple consideration that a consistent Pavlovianism is a fully autarchic psychology and needs no other science of psychology on top of it. A large portion of current Soviet psychological theory in psychology proper is thus primarily a textual and exegetic collation and conciliation of the views of Pavlov with those of Marx, Engels, and Lenin (until recently and, to some extent even now, also of Stalin), just as most current Soviet psychological experimentation in psychology proper is primarily a duplication of what Soviet psychophysiology could do as well, if not better. Moreover, there is the longstanding drastic ban on intelligence testing, psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology, and other to-be-shunned "bourgeois-psychological" thought-and-practice systems, so that, in all, psychology proper is a much constricted and, per se, more ancilliary than basic discipline of Soviet empirical research-a state of affairs plainly reflected in the fact that the number of its research institutes and publications (as well as the number of psychologists proper) is but a small fraction of the number in psychophysiology. Yet, in evaluating our efforts in the area vis--vis those of the Soviets, we must, obviously, take full account of both disciplines, Soviet psychophysiology being in all respects a psychology in American terms (60). Indeed, it is Soviet psychophysiology, and not Soviet psychology proper, that is the homolog not only of American behavioristics but also, to a large extent, of all American experimental psychology. PMID:13592304

RAZRAN, G

1958-11-14

287

Need for the Doctor of Psychology Degree in Professional Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts the advantage of employing the PsyD degree both affirmatively, as a certificate of professional competence in psychology, and restrictively, to exclude inadequately trained people from the practice of professional psychology. (Author)

Peterson, Donald R.

1976-01-01

288

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014 Lecture Instructor must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills class for success in lab. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods

Lockery, Shawn

289

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

Fernandez, Eduardo

290

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

291

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

292

Psychological Factors in Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

2008-01-01

293

Introduction to Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

Dewey, Russell A.

2007-09-03

294

Gender and Psychological Essentialism  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

2010-01-01

295

[Manuel Azaa and psychology].  

PubMed

Manuel Azaa (1880-1940) was President of the II Spanish Republic and one of the most influential intellectuals of the Republican culture. His doctoral thesis addressed some of the social psychology problems of his time regarding the issue of the legal responsibility of the masses. Azaa also showed interest in psychology during his time as a grantee in Paris and he became a close friend of two of the most influential Spanish psychologists: Luis Simarro y Gonzalo Rodrguez Lafora. Azaa's biography reflects the rise of Spanish psychologists of the early 20th century and their tragic dispersion at the end of the Spanish Civil War. PMID:20667277

Bandrs, Javier; Llavona, Rafael

2010-08-01

296

Optimum Transfer Guide: Psychology Why Psychology at Texas Tech?  

E-print Network

and sophomore years. Psi Chi--Student Organization Psi Chi is the International Honor Society in Psychology, and advancing the science of psychology. Membership is open to graduate and un- dergraduate students. Psi Chi Science (APS). Psi Chi's sister honor society is Psi Beta, the nation- al honor society in psychology

Gelfond, Michael

297

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2013  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2013 Lecture Instructors: Devin Howington), but they also must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods in psychology: Evaluating a world of information (1st ed

Lockery, Shawn

298

Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal

Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

1995-01-01

299

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

300

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan ---Psychology  

E-print Network

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan --- Psychology Traci M. Anderson --- Dental Hygiene Brian H --- Psychology Kristin Bentivogli --- Pyschology Amy Bierowski Bowles --- Psychology Jonathan R. Briggs --- Psychology Michelle R. Broyles --- Dental Hygiene Christopher Burri --- Biology Justin G. Castagne

301

Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement  

E-print Network

10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

302

Psychological Aspects of Erectile Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Because the brain is intimately involved in the control of erections, a wide variety of psychological factors impact erectile\\u000a response and may lead to erectile dysfunction (ED). This chapter reviews the assessment of psychological factors in ED, the\\u000a immediate and underlying psychological conditions involved, and the development of ED over time. Outcome research on psychological\\u000a treatments for ED is also

Richard A. Carroll

303

The Process of Psychological Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational

Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

2014-01-01

304

Indigenisation of Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion

Dalal, Ajit K.

2011-01-01

305

Sprinkling Psychology Courses with Peace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that psychology teachers help promote a more active consideration of the psychology of peace and war in the nuclear age by including the topic in their courses. Specific ways to incorporate this issue into psychology courses are offered. (Author/JDH)

Wagner, Richard V.; Bronzaft, Arline L.

1987-01-01

306

Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus  

E-print Network

1 Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus Department of Educational Leadership, Sports Studies, and Educational \\ Counseling Psychology, College of Education Washington State University Last Revised by Faculty.ED B. Discipline: Educational Psychology is a general reference to the fields of Educational

Collins, Gary S.

307

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising  

E-print Network

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising Summer 2011 Whether you are choosing courses or deciding on Psychology as your major, a faculty advisor can help you plan your degree and ensure you meet all.rockman@uwinnipeg.ca E-mail for an appt. Contact the Psychology Department Assistant for info

Martin, Jeff

308

ON RELATIVISM IN CONSTRUCTIVIST PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars criticize constructivist approaches to psychology for culminating in a nihilistic relativism. This article reviews the problem of relativism within per- sonal construct psychology and social constructionism. It argues that labeling constructivist approaches to psychology as essentially relativist or nonrelativist simplifies the debate by assigning indisputable characteristics to a family of theories. Both relativ- ist and nonrelativist interpretations of

Jonathan D. Raskin

2001-01-01

309

Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2010-01-01

310

Teaching of psychology in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology programs were first recognized in Brazilian universities during the mid?20th century. Prior to that, psychology had been taught in conjunction with other programs such as medicine, law, and education. The growth of psychology programs has been rapid in the last 25 years. From the time the Brazilian government first established a 5?year degree program in 1962, the number of

Claudio S. Hutz; William Gomes; Sherri McCarthy

2006-01-01

311

Positive Psychology and Outdoor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A relatively new movement in psychology, positive psychology, has many implications for the field of outdoor education. Positive psychology has the goal of fostering excellence through the understanding and enhancement of factors that lead to growth. It embraces the view that growth occurs when positive factors are present, as opposed to the

Berman, Dene S.; Davis-Berman, Jennifer

2005-01-01

312

Psychology and Phenomenology: A Clarification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Controversies are rampant in contemporary psychology concerning the appropriate method for observing consciousness and the role inner experience should play in psychological theorizing. These conflicting orientations reflect, in part, methodological differences between natural science and human science interpretations of psychology. Humanistic

Kendler, Howard H.

2005-01-01

313

Psychological Factors Affecting Cardiologic Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are substantial data supporting a strong relationship between cardiovascular diseases and psychological conditions. However, the criteria for scientific validation of the entities currently subsumed under the DSM-IV category of Psychological factors affecting a medical condition have never been clearly enumerated and the terms psychological symptoms and personality traits that do not satisfy traditional psychiatric criteria are not well defined;

C. Rafanelli; R. Roncuzzi; F. Ottolini; M. Rigatelli

2007-01-01

314

Educational Psychology: The Distinctive Contribution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, written in the twenty-first anniversary year of the journal "Educational Psychology in Practice", attempts to uncover those distinctive aspects of the discipline and the practice of applied psychology in general and educational psychology in particular. After considering some of the reasons for attempting this task at this point in

Cameron, R. J.

2006-01-01

315

Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian

Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

2010-01-01

316

Psychological Tests and Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems with traditional testing, particularly as they relate to minorities, are discussed; and psychological tests designed specifically for Blacks are reviewed. Considered are general problems, problems with testing at the higher education level and for employment, and moral and legal implications of the testing controversy. The rationale

Wright, Brenda Johnson; Isenstein, Vivian R.

317

Civility and Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Media in the '70s stressed the importance of self and popularized psychology. Amidst self-help best sellers, encounter sessions, and special interest groups, the author asks, "What has happened to civility?" and "Can a culture without civility call itself civilized?" Condensed and reprinted from "Daedalus," Summer 1980. (Editor)

Coles, Robert

1981-01-01

318

Logic and psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of strict criteria on which to base the acceptance of science shows that the acceptance of scientific knowledge is based on nonstrict criteria. This nonstrict logic rests to an extent on informal elements derived from psychological observations. In these informal elements of science, one can discern the indeterminacy of scientific knowledge, including its indeterminate content and that the

Michael Polanyi

1968-01-01

319

ucationchange plied psychology  

E-print Network

ucationchange explore plied psychology invent GOBEYOND Teaching and Learning HigHer education TEACH GOBEYOND Teaching and Learning HigHer education SPARK CHANGE Human Development Adult EducAtion 20 in the world according to the 2013-14 Times Higher Education (THE) World University report

Sokolowski, Marla

320

Neuroscience with Psychology  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Neuroscience with Psychology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12 Course Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Neuroscience is the study of nerve and delicate organ. By unravelling the mysteries of normal brain function, Neuroscience promotes our

Levi, Ran

321

Evolutionary Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evolutionary developmental psychology as the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene-environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. Outlines basic assumptions and domains of

Geary, David C.; Bjorklund, David F.

2000-01-01

322

A psychology without heredity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from a behavioristic definition of psychology, Professor Kuo vigorously attacks the use of heredity as an explanatory conception. It is commonly assumed that instinctive behavior has a fixed and invariable neural pattern as its basis; but the facts are against this view, as they are also against the view of a variable synaptic resistance. Even if we knew something

Z. Y. Kuo

1924-01-01

323

APA Educational Psychology Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close

Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

2011-01-01

324

Space Psychology and Psychiatry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

2003-09-01

325

PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF PRIVACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various types of privacy behaviors are engaged in to achieve a desired level of access to one's self or group. Six types of privacy have been identified empiricallySolitude, Isolation, Anonymity, Reserve, Intimacy with Friends, and Intimacy with Family. The psychological needs met by each privacy was investigated in this study. Each type of privacy was rated by 74 subjects according

Darhl M. Pedersen

1997-01-01

326

Cognitive psychology as ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a critical analysis of some of the major work in cognitive social, personality, and developmental psychology. It is argued that cognitivism, by virtue of the primacy it gives to the individual knower, to subjective determinants of behavior, and to formal cognitive operations, represents a set of values and interests that reproduce and reaffirm the existing nature of the social

Edward E. Sampson

1981-01-01

327

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A. Block/Majors/Options Offered by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychological Science #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University July

Maxwell, Bruce D.

328

Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay  

E-print Network

1 Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay kellyanne.findlay@strath.ac.uk What is Psychology? I study Psychology Tell me what I'm thinking then Psychology's all just common sense What is Psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. There are five main goals, 1. Describe how

Mottram, Nigel

329

MSU Departmental Assessment Report Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

MSU Departmental Assessment Report May, 2009 Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychology (with emphasis on Psychological Science) 1 #12;Summary of Undergraduate Survey Data Since Fall

Maxwell, Bruce D.

330

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: Psychology Department Head: Richard A.S. in Psychology with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology M.S. in Applied Psychology #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University April 2007 Degree Objectives

Maxwell, Bruce D.

331

Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 2007, number 4 Victims of our brain: born or made a criminal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic psychology is a broad spectrum of topics related to both psychology and law issues. One of the more clinical issues\\u000a involved in forensic psychology is the concept of criminal behaviour, in particular psychopathy. Although the construct of\\u000a psychopathy has been the subject of a great deal of research, much still remains unclear. Biological factors such as genetics\\u000a and HPA

Maaike Cima

2007-01-01

332

Psychological well-being and sexarche in women with polycystic ovary syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) such as hyperandrogenism and anovulation can be highly stressful and might negatively affect psychological well-being and sexuality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between PCOS characteristics and psychological well-being as well as sexarche. Methods Patients (n = 1148) underwent standardized clinical evaluation. Psychological well-being was investigated in 480

Niet de J. E; Koning de C. M; H. Pastoor; H. J. Duivenvoorden; O. Valkenburg; M. J. Ramakers; J. Passchier; C. de Klerk; J. S. E. Laven

2010-01-01

333

Psychological Responses to Cancer Recurrence  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND There is a dearth of knowledge regarding the psychological responses to a diagnosis of cancer recurrence. METHODS An ongoing randomized clinical trial provided the context for prospective study. Women with Stage II/III breast carcinoma (N = 227) were initially assessed after their diagnosis/surgery and before adjuvant therapy and then reassessed every 6 months. Eight years into the trial, 30 patients had recurred (R) and were assessed shortly after receiving their second diagnosis. Their data were compared with a sample of trial patients who had no evidence of disease (disease free [DF]; n = 90). The groups were matched on study arm, disease stage, estrogen receptor status, menopausal status, and time since initial diagnosis. RESULTS As hypothesized, patients cancer-specific stress at recurrence in the R group was higher (P < 0.05) than stress levels for the DF group at the equivalent point in time. Importantly, the R group reported stress for their recurrent diagnosis equivalent to that reported for their initial diagnosis. Identical results were found for measures of health status and symptomatology. In contrast, analyses for emotional distress and social functioning showed no pattern of disruption for the R group at cancer recurrence and levels equivalent to that of the DF group. CONCLUSIONS To the authors knowledge, this was the first controlled, prospective psychological analysis of patients responses to cancer recurrence. The findings were consistent with a learning theory conceptualization of the cancer stressor. Patients stress was compartmentalized and did not, at least in the early weeks, result in diffuse emotional distress and quality of life disruption, underscoring the resilience of patients when confronted with cancer recurrence. PMID:16118802

Andersen, Barbara L.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Farrar, William B.; Crespin, Timothy; Wells-DiGregorio, Sharla

2007-01-01

334

Psychological aftermath of the King's Cross fire.  

PubMed Central

The King's Cross fire occurred at the end of the evening rush hour, on 18 November 1987. King's Cross station is within the department's health district and we felt a responsibility to respond to the psychological aftermath. The unique features of our intervention were the degree of inter agency coordination, the use of a systematic outreach and screening programme, the collection of psychotherapy outcome measures and the development of an ongoing clinic. The work represents a sustained attempt to assess the nature and prevalence of post-traumatic reactions and the most medically and economically effective form of intervention. In this paper we describe the way our team responded to the high level of psychological distress that we found, we present some preliminary results, outline two therapeutic trials, and refer to the longterm consequences for the work of our department. PMID:1994013

Rosser, R; Dewar, S; Thompson, J

1991-01-01

335

Pathological pregnancy and psychological symptoms in women.  

PubMed

Pregnancy is followed by many physiologic, organic and psychological changes and disorders, which can become more serious in pregnancy followed by complications, especially in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the prevalence and intensity of psychological disorders in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy and compare it with conditions in pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research is approved by the Ethical committee of the Mostar University Hospital Center, and it was made in accordance with Helsinki declaration and good clinical practices. The research conducted section for pathology of pregnancy of Department for gynecology and obstetrics of the Mostar University Hospital Center. It included 82 pregnant women with disorders in pregnancy developement and control group consisted of pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research work was conducted from September 2007 to August 2008 in Mostar University Hospital Center. Pregnant women had Standard and laboratory tests, Ultrasound. CTG examinations were done for all pregnant women and additional tests for those women with complications during pregnancy. Pregnant women completed sociobiographical, obstetrical-clinical and psychological SCL 90-R questionnaire. Pregnant women with pathological pregnancy exibited significantly more psychological symptoms in comparison to pregnant women with normal pregnancy (p < 0.001 to p = 0.004). Frequency and intensity of psychical symptoms and disorders statisticly are more characteristic in pathological pregnancy (61%/40.6%). The statistical data indicate a significantly higher score of psychological disorders in those pregnant women with primary school education (p = 0.050), those who take more than 60% carbohydrates (p = 0.001), those with pathological CTG records (p < 0.001), those with pathological ultrasound results (p < 0.001 to 0.216) and those pregnant women with medium obesity and obesity (p = 0.046). Body mass index (BMI) during normal pregnancy development is lower (p = 0.002) but the levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL in blood are higher Blood pressure in pregnant women with pathological pregnancy was statistically significantly higher (p < 0.001). Diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome were found in 19 pregnant women with the pathological pregnancy. Statistically, in those women, a significantly higher appearance of psychological symptoms and disorders was observed in comparison to the pregnant women without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001). The research has shown that 87.8% from all pregnant women included in this study have been hospitalized due to premature birth, hypertensive disorders, and diabetes in pregnancy, and also due to bleeding in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. PMID:23213943

Bjelanovi?, Vedran; Babi?, Dragan; Oreskovi?, Slavko; Tomi?, Vajdana; Martinac, Marko; Juras, Josip

2012-09-01

336

Normality in Analytical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Although C.G. Jungs interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucaults criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jungs work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucaults own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jungs disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

Myers, Steve

2013-01-01

337

Normality in analytical psychology.  

PubMed

Although C.G. Jung's interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault's criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung's work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault's own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung's disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

Myers, Steve

2013-12-01

338

[Psychological dimension of manducation].  

PubMed

Manducation designates all the actions involved in drinking and eating. Thus manducation consists mainly of sucking, retaining and chewing food, salivary secretion, buccofacial somatesthesia, gustation, in some part olfaction, and finally swallowing: consequently an intricate combination of sensorial and both motor and secretory actuating functions, controlled and coordinated by upper neuromuscular functions. In addressing the multiplicity and complexity of rhinencephalic manifestations, which involve conjointly memorizing processes, feeding, sexual and olfactive functions, socioemotional behaviour, and the concept of individual and species preservation, the author has tried to define the psychological dimension of manducation. This viewpoint, which springs from evolution, leads to the discussion of the connexions and operative differences between the ancient rhinencephalic brain and the recent cortical one. The author has attempted to avoid psychological concepts in order to study psychical phenomena. PMID:6306784

Dubois-Prvost, R

1983-03-24

339

School Psychology Resources Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 annotated links, this Website offers a valuable directory of online resources in the broad and burgeoning field of school psychology. Resources are divided into two broad categories: Specific Conditions, Disorders, and Disabilities, and Other Information. The first includes listings for such topics as Attention Deficit Disorders, Deafness, Eating Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Substance Abuse, and Tourette's Syndrome. The second catch-all category includes such topics as Adolescence, Assessment/Evaluation, ERIC Clearinghouses, Law and Education, Mental Health, Professional Organizations, and about a dozen others. The links are authoritative, and the Website is updated daily. A features section also includes an online bookstore, daily cartoon, and jobs information. The site is created and maintained by Sandra Steingart, who holds a doctorate in education and works in the Office of Psychological Services in the Baltimore County Public Schools.

340

Conceptual overlap of psychological constructs in low back pain  

PubMed Central

The biopsychosocial model is increasingly accepted in low back pain (LBP) research and clinical practice. In order to assess the role of psychological factors in the development and persistence of pain, a wide array of measures has been developed. Yet there is likely to be considerable conceptual overlap between such measures, and consequently, a lack of clarity about the importance of psychological factors. The aims of this study were to investigate the extent of any such overlap. An observational cohort study of 1591 LBP patients consulting in primary care completed data on a range of psychological instruments. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA, respectively) were carried out at the subscale level (n=20) to investigate factor structure. The influences of the derived factors on clinical outcomes (pain intensity and self-reported disability) were then tested using linear regression. EFA yielded 4 factors, termed Pain-related distress, Cognitive coping, Causal beliefs, and Perceptions of the future, which accounted for 65.5% of the variance. CFA confirmed the validity of these factors models. The pain-related distress factor was found to have the strongest association to LBP patients outcomes, accounting for 34.6% of the variance in pain intensity, and 51.1% of the variance in disability. Results confirmed that considerable overlap exists in psychological measures commonly used in LBP research. Most measures tap into patients emotional distress. These findings help us to understand how psychological constructs relate together; implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. PMID:23726935

Campbell, Paul; Bishop, Annette; Dunn, Kate M.; Main, Chris J.; Thomas, Elaine; Foster, Nadine E.

2013-01-01

341

Conceptual overlap of psychological constructs in low back pain.  

PubMed

The biopsychosocial model is increasingly accepted in low back pain (LBP) research and clinical practice. In order to assess the role of psychological factors in the development and persistence of pain, a wide array of measures has been developed. Yet there is likely to be considerable conceptual overlap between such measures, and consequently, a lack of clarity about the importance of psychological factors. The aims of this study were to investigate the extent of any such overlap. An observational cohort study of 1591 LBP patients consulting in primary care completed data on a range of psychological instruments. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA, respectively) were carried out at the subscale level (n=20) to investigate factor structure. The influences of the derived factors on clinical outcomes (pain intensity and self-reported disability) were then tested using linear regression. EFA yielded 4 factors, termed "Pain-related distress," "Cognitive coping," "Causal beliefs," and "Perceptions of the future," which accounted for 65.5% of the variance. CFA confirmed the validity of these factors models. The pain-related distress factor was found to have the strongest association to LBP patients' outcomes, accounting for 34.6% of the variance in pain intensity, and 51.1% of the variance in disability. Results confirmed that considerable overlap exists in psychological measures commonly used in LBP research. Most measures tap into patients' emotional distress. These findings help us to understand how psychological constructs relate together; implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. PMID:23726935

Campbell, Paul; Bishop, Annette; Dunn, Kate M; Main, Chris J; Thomas, Elaine; Foster, Nadine E

2013-09-01

342

Noba Psychology Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Noba is an online tool that allows teachers to create their own free psychology textbooks by using provided content. Noba consists of nearly 90 short (2500-4000 word) chapters authored by leading instructors and researchers including 7 winners of the William James Award. Chapters are organized in familiar categories (Development, Learning & Memory, Personality, etc.) for easy reference. All Noba materials are licensed through Creative Commons under the CC BY-NA-SA license terms.

343

Beyond the Mechanics of Infertility: Perspectives on the Social Psychology of Infertility and Involuntary Childlessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the social and social psychological implications of infertility and involuntary childlessness. Examines the clinical and popular literature on the correlates and causes of infertility and the social psychological consequences of infertility. Suggests ways that family practitioners and researchers might overcome some of the limitations.

Matthews, Anne Martin; Matthews, Ralph

1986-01-01

344

Evaluation of the California Psychological Inventory as an Effective Admission Standard for PsyD Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A current admission criterion of a PsyD program was examined for effective profiling of personality characteristics of professional clinical psychology students. The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) was used as the personality assessment of all applicants to the PsyD program. The CPI quadrant score of "Alpha" with a CPI score of "7" and

Kobylinski, Amy

2009-01-01

345

Edelgard ("Elga") Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654  

E-print Network

; Program Director of Clinical Psychology 2000-04 Research Associate, Center for Stress and Anxiety Disorders, University at Albany 1995-03 Associate Professor, University at Albany, Dept. of Psychology 1988's Who in Social Sciences in Higher Education (WWSSHE) 2003 Member of Omicron Delta Kappa (National

Kidd, William S. F.

346

Edelgard Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654  

E-print Network

; Program Director of Clinical Psychology 2000-04 Research Associate, Center for Stress and Anxiety Disorders, University at Albany 1995-03 Associate Professor, University at Albany, Dept. of Psychology 1988's Who In Social Sciences in Higher Education (WWSSHE) 2003 Member of Omicron Delta Kappa (National

Kidd, William S. F.

347

Bethany Ann Teachman: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Bethany Ann Teachman for transformative, translational research integrating social cognition, life-span, and perceptual approaches to investigating clinical

American Psychologist, 2012

2012-01-01

348

The Relationship of Psychological Well-Being to Distress and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The concept of psychological well-being has been neglected for a long time in scientific literature. Over the last decades, however, many psychometric instruments have been developed to measure it. The aim of the present study was to analyze the concept of psychological well-being and its relationship to distress and personality traits. It is clinically and empirically important to establish

Chiara Ruini; Fedra Ottolini; Chiara Rafanelli; Eliana Tossani; Carol D. Ryff; Giovanni A. Fava

2003-01-01

349

The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

Linda Hatch

2011-01-01

350

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the site??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the site??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the site??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

351

Credentialing high school psychology teachers.  

PubMed

The National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula (American Psychological Association, 2013b) require a teacher with considerable psychology content knowledge to teach high school psychology courses effectively. In this study, I examined the initial teaching credential requirements for high school psychology teachers in the 50 states plus the District of Columbia. Thirty-four states (the District of Columbia is included as a state) require the social studies credential to teach high school psychology. An analysis of the items on standardized tests used by states to validate the content knowledge required to teach social studies indicates little or no presence of psychology, a reflection of psychology's meager presence in the social studies teacher preparation curricula. Thus, new teachers with the social studies teaching credential are not prepared to teach high school psychology according to the National Standards. Approval of The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Guidance for Enhancing the Rigor of K-12 Civics, Economics, Geography, and History (National Council for the Social Studies, 2013) presents an opportunity to advocate for establishing a psychology credential in the 34 states. PMID:24911050

Weaver, Kenneth A

2014-09-01

352

Mindfulness Meditation in Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of mindfulness is increasingly being integrated into contemporary clinical psychology. Based in Buddhist philosophy and subsequently integrated into Western health care in the contexts of psychotherapy and stress management, mindfulness meditation is evolving as a systematic clinical intervention. This article describes

Salmon, Paul; Sephton, Sandra; Weissbecker, Inka; Hoover, Katherine; Ulmer, Christi; Studts, Jamie L.

2004-01-01

353

Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school

Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

2014-01-01

354

Association for Applied Sport Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The three interrelated focus areas of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) are health and exercise psychology, performance psychology and social psychology. The aim of the Association is to see how "participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span." Visitors will find that the "About" section of their website has a "History" link, as well as links to "Awards & Grants," "Fellows," and "Special Interest Groups." The "Publications" link has position papers published by the AASP in PDF format at the bottom of the page; topics of the papers include unethical behavior, choosing a sport psychology consultant, and human diversity. Visitors can check out the "Resource Center" link for information for parents, coaches, and athletes, which cover such topics as mental skills training information and how to teach and apply sport psychology skills.

355

002 Clinical varieties of memory disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This talk will give an overview regarding clinical memory disorders. These encompass far more than just the dementias. Amnesic disorders can be transient or persisting. They can have a neurological or a psychological basis. Concepts of memory derived from empirical psychology can be applied to these different types of memory syndrome, and examples will be given. Transient neurological (discrete)

M Kopelman

2010-01-01

356

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-print Network

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

357

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms underlying behavioural phenomena. These approaches range from examining the  

E-print Network

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms. The Department of Psychology at the University of Lethbridge emphasizes three major experimental approaches by the department reflect this emphasis, courses in other areas of psychology--including social and clinical

Seldin, Jonathan P.

358

Psy 3604 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.) (call # 12480) Fall 2003 Class Meetings: 2:30-3:45 p.m. TTh, 325 Science Classroom Building  

E-print Network

Psy 3604 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.) (call # 12480) Fall 2003 Class Meetings: 2:30-3:45 p.m. TTh (Psy 3617, Introduction to Clinical Psychology). Text V. M. Durand & D. H. Barlow. Abnormal Psychology of abnormal behavior. Emphasis will be placed on an empirical view. The bulk of the course will cover

Grove, William M.

359

A Contemporary Story of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification

Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

2012-01-01

360

University of Sussex School of Psychology  

E-print Network

University of Sussex School of Psychology PhD in Psychology Course details for 2014 entry School of Psychology The School of Psychology has a thriving community of research students who enjoy excellent areas of psychology in which School faculty specialise. All postgraduate research students are eligible

Sussex, University of

361

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist  

E-print Network

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials.Sc. in Psychology must have an Honours degree in Psychology or an undergraduate degree in Psychology (or a related for coursework (Maximum 10 pages). GRE Test Scores: General & Advanced Psychology SUBMIT ­ IF APPLICABLE Official

Northern British Columbia, University of

362

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR  

E-print Network

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR REQUIREMENTS (Effective August 2012) Name: ID#: First Semester FOUNDATION COURSES (20 units): PSYC-101 General Psychology PSYC-260 Psychological Statistics PSYC-270 Biological Psychology RHET 203 Writing in Psychology (or RHET 301) PSYC-265 Research Design ONE DIVERSITY

Galles, David

363

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

364

Evolutionary social psychology: Prospects and pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of evolutionary psychology and the traditional assumptions of social psychology are highly compatible. Both disciplines trace observed behavioral variability to situational variability. Both assume that psychological mechanisms sensitive to social information are central to causal accounts of social behavior. Questions about the origins and functions of these psychological mechanisms are indispensable for understanding social behavior. Evolutionary psychology provides

David M. Buss

1990-01-01

365

Peace Education, Activism, and the Role of the Psychology Professor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the experiences of teaching a college course entitled "Psychology in the Nuclear Age" and highlights how research, clinical work, and activism influence the professional role of the teacher. The paper sought to raise a number of questions, including: What is meant by peace education? Should teachers remain objective or do they

Murphy, Bianca Cody

366

Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and

Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

367

Light therapy for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Objectives To review literature concerning the efficacy, clinical practicability and safety of light treatment for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Method Data collection included computer literature searches (MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Cochrane) and checks of refer- ences, covering the period of January 1980-September 2003. Trials were searched for evidence for treatment efficacy and for their consideration of the

Arvid Skjerve; Bjrn Bjorvatn; Fred Holsten

2004-01-01

368

The Need for Foreign Language in the Psychological Professions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four therapist-client interview transcripts of one outpatient drawn from the files of a state mental health clinic are presented, with some narrative interpretation, to illustrate the need for foreign language skills in the psychological professions. The case is of Rosa, a non-English-speaking Hispanic woman referred by a Spanish-speaking social

Aruffo, Sylvia Dawn

369

MSU Mental Health Fact Sheet Counseling & Psychological Services  

E-print Network

MSU Mental Health Fact Sheet Counseling & Psychological Services 211 Swingle Hall 994-4531 www.montana.edu/wwwcc Notable Facts and Figures CPS provided: direct clinical services to 865 students informational seminars students. This fact-sheet is provided so you can better understand mental health trends on campus and have

Dyer, Bill

370

Integrating Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues into Mainstream Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how clinical and research writings on gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) issues remain invisible to mainstream psychology in such areas as life span development and aging, teen suicide, substance abuse, victimization, and family and couple relationships, examining determinants of wellbeing among GLBs and discussing what mainstream

Goldfried, Marvin R.

2001-01-01

371

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

372

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

1999-01-01

373

[Relationship between Balance Control and Psychological Factors.  

PubMed

Goal: The goal of the study was to capture the relationship between motor balance and psychological factors, using sport-motoric tests as well as subjective self-evaluations. Method: The balance control of 118 patients of a psychosomatic rehabilitation clinic was examined at the beginning and end of rehabilitation using various motor tests. Additionally, psychological variables including self-esteem (MSWS), degree of anxiety (BAI) and depressive symptoms (BDI) were assessed. To examine subjective self-evaluation a numerical analog scale and a questionnaire with open questions were used. Content analysis was performed on the questionnaire. Results: In the area of physical self-esteem, especially sportiness, low to moderate correlations were found between self-esteem and balance. No significant relationship was found between anxiety or depressive symptoms and balance. In the open questions most patients described a distinct connection between emotional distress and balance. The participation in the tests was often a topic in their therapy. Discussion: The expected relationship between psychological factors and motor balance could be only partially confirmed. A question is raised as to whether this relationship appears merely in situations of acute stress, as detected in the patients answers to the open questions. Addressing the study in psychotherapie an indication that balance tasks are well suited for the subjective experience and discussion of psychosomatic relationships. PMID:25485600

Grub, Elisabeth Johanna; Wydra, Georg; Kllner, Volker

2014-12-01

374

[Psychological containment at home].  

PubMed

The mobile care and rehabilitation team offers patients who have been receiving long-term, in-patient care, when they are stabilised, a discharge programme underpinned by considerable support from a nursing team. Through apartments owned by associations and the CATTP (part-time therapy centre), the team will guide the patient along their sometimes precarious pathway. This well thought-out and shared support, takes on the function of psychological containment for the patient, helping to ensure a successful reintegration. PMID:25562916

Garcia, Marilyne; Velay, Anne-Sophie

2014-01-01

375

Distinguishing science from pseudoscience in school psychology: science and scientific thinking as safeguards against human error.  

PubMed

Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for school psychologists. Specifically, we (a) outline basic principles of scientific thinking, (b) delineate widespread cognitive errors that can contribute to belief in pseudoscientific practices within school psychology and allied professions, (c) provide a list of 10 key warning signs of pseudoscience, illustrated by contemporary examples from school psychology and allied disciplines, and (d) offer 10 user-friendly prescriptions designed to encourage scientific thinking among school psychology practitioners and researchers. We argue that scientific thinking, although fallible, is ultimately school psychologists' best safeguard against a host of errors in thinking. PMID:22386075

Lilienfeld, Scott O; Ammirati, Rachel; David, Michal

2012-02-01

376

Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach

Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

2006-01-01

377

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 2/13 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

378

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 1/12 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

379

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language  

E-print Network

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 20112012 Psychology School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011

Edinburgh, University of

380

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662 Lecture: TR 12:00pm-1. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you to descriptive of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand the concepts, you will probably have

Lockery, Shawn

381

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014 Lecture: TR 10:00am-11:20 am Jaqua should bring it to class. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you; it is the conceptual understanding of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand

Lockery, Shawn

382

Third Force Psychology and Child Psychology: A Convergence of Horizons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though some authors have argued that the goals of third force psychology are intrinsically harmonious with those of child psychology, humanistic or human science perspectives are rarely represented in child developmental texts, courses, and programs. This is particularly notable at the undergraduate level. A major reason for the relative underrepresentation of third force perspectives in the area of child development

Eugene M. DeRobertis

2012-01-01

383

Risk Assessment for Psychological Disorders in Postmenopausal Women  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Psychological symptoms are common & bothersome in post menopausal women. Hence, screening these women for risk factors for psychological disorders is an important measure to improve their health. Objective: To study the risk assessment for psychological disorders in postmenopausal women Material & Methods: This was a prospective and observational study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of a North Indian tertiary care hospital. It included a cross-section of 200 postmenopausal women attending gynecology OPD and menopausal clinic. Result: Psychological symptoms were present in 32% postmenopausal women while sleep disturbance and decreased concentration were reported by nearly 34%. Irritability, nervousness and depression were the presenting complaints in 31.5%, 28.5% and 23.5% women respectively. Mild depression was present in 41.5%, whereas 3% women suffered from clinical (moderate to severe) depression. Depression was significantly associated with vasomotor symptoms (p=0.000), past history of depression (p=0.048) and psychosocial stressors (p=0.000). Conclusion: Women during postmenopausal years are at increased risk of psychological disorders; hence assessment of mental health and address of related issues should be an integral part of comprehensive evaluation of these women. PMID:24551665

Tamaria, Anuradha; Bharti, Rekha; Sharma, Manjula; Dewan, Rupali; Kapoor, Garima; Aggarwal, Abha; Batra, Achla; Batra, Aruna

2013-01-01

384

The psychology of humanness.  

PubMed

This chapter explores the ways in which the concept of "humanness" illuminates a wide and fascinating variety of psychological phenomena. After introducing the concept--everyday understandings of what it is to be human--we present a model of the diverse ways in which humanness can be denied to people. According to this model people may be perceived as lacking uniquely human characteristics, and thus likened to animals, or as lacking human nature, and thus likened to inanimate objects. Both of these forms of dehumanization occur with varying degrees of subtlety, from the explicit uses of derogatory animal metaphors, to stereotypes that ascribe lesser humanness or simpler minds to particular groups, to nonconscious associations between certain humans and nonhumans. After reviewing research on dehumanization through the lens of our model we examine additional topics that the psychology of humanness clarifies, notably the perception of nonhuman animals and the objectification of women. Humanness emerges as a concept that runs an integrating thread through a variety of research literatures. PMID:23947277

Haslam, Nick; Loughnan, Steve; Holland, Elise

2013-01-01

385

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology Distance Education Program A 36-credit hour distance education Selected Courses in Applied Educational Psychology Courses offered via distance education for the Applied Educational Psychology program are taught by faculty with esteemed national

Tennessee, University of

386

Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 50 years forensic psychological practice has expanded dramatically. Because the practice of forensic psychology differs in important ways from more traditional practice areas (Monahan, 1980) the "Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists" were developed and published in 1991 (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic

American Psychologist, 2013

2013-01-01

387

Division 6, American Psychological Association  

E-print Network

Division 6, American Psychological Association Editor David J. Bucci, PhD Dartmouth College Neuroscientist and Comparative Psychologist Inside this issue: Message from the President 1, 5-6 Division 6 Officers 2-4 Historical Trends in American Compara- tive Psychology 7-10 Div 6 & 3 programs for 2012 APA

Cooper, Brenton G.

388

The Psychological Impact of Names  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological effects of having an unusual first name were studied in three groups of undergraduates by means of scores on the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). In the first study, scores of 116 men and women with unusual names were found to be no lower than those of common-named counterparts; in fact, unusually named women scored significantly higher on a number

Richard L. Zweigenhaft; Karen N. Hayes; C. Hess Haagen

1980-01-01

389

Objective techniques for psychological assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

1973-01-01

390

Robots in Space -Psychological Aspects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on the psychological aspects of developing robots to perform routine operations associated with monitoring, inspection, maintenance and repair in space is shown. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Vision; 3) Current Robots in Space; 4) Ground Based Robots; 5) AERCam; 6) Rotating Bladder Robot (ROBLR); 7) DART; 8) Robonaut; 9) Full Immersion Telepresence Testbed; 10) ERA; and 11) Psychological Aspects

Sipes, Walter E.

2006-01-01

391

Students' reactions to abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of some concern about the effect of courses in abnormal psychology on students, a questionnaire was presented to several classes at the close of the course. The majority answering the questionnaire felt the course to be beneficial, giving evidence that the study of abnormal psychology need not be generally harmful, and may have a significant place in

W. S. Taylor

1932-01-01

392

Psychological Perspectives for Software Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses current use of psychological theory in software science and reviews recent developments in cognitive psychology relevant to programing (human information processing, expert-novice differences). Critique of Maurice Halstead's model of cognitive aspects of programing and a structured data flow perspective (control flow and data flow

Curtis, B.; And Others

1984-01-01

393

Department of Psychology Undergraduate Studies  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Undergraduate Studies #12;Royal Holloway University of London Royal runs over 100 societies and sports clubs, and we are recognised as London's best sporting college. #12 Administrator T: +44 (0)1784 443526 psy-enquiries@rhul.ac.uk Department of Psychology Royal Holloway, University

Royal Holloway, University of London

394

School of Psychology Undergraduate Programmes  

E-print Network

Title Page Year 1 Module Overview 2 Selecting Modules 3 Research Methods A: Basic Skills 4 Perception to Learning 10 Research Methods B: Introduction To Psychological Investigations And Statistics 12 Memory and Psychological Problems 18 #12;2 Year 1 Module Overview Semester 1 03 08633 Research Methods A (20 credits) 03

Miall, Chris

395

Psychology Practice: Design for Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential

Goodheart, Carol D.

2011-01-01

396

Principles of evolutionary educational psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary educational psychology is the study of the relation between evolved systems of folk knowledge and inferential and attributional biases as these relate to academic learning in modern society. Following discussion and illustration of the mechanisms of natural selection and their application to human motivational, cognitive, and behavioral evolution, the basic premises and prin- ciples of evolutionary educational psychology are

David C. Geary

2002-01-01

397

Guidelines for cognitive behavioral training within doctoral psychology programs in the United States: report of the Inter-organizational Task Force on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology Doctoral Education.  

PubMed

The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies initiated an interorganizational task force to develop guidelines for integrated education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology at the doctoral level in the United States. Fifteen task force members representing 16 professional associations participated in a year-long series of conferences, and developed a consensus on optimal doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology. The recommendations assume solid foundational training that is typical within applied psychology areas such as clinical and counseling psychology programs located in the United States. This article details the background, assumptions, and resulting recommendations specific to doctoral education and training in cognitive and behavioral psychology, including competencies expected in the areas of ethics, research, and practice. PMID:23046769

Klepac, Robert K; Ronan, George F; Andrasik, Frank; Arnold, Kevin D; Belar, Cynthia D; Berry, Sharon L; Christofff, Karen A; Craighead, Linda W; Dougher, Michael J; Dowd, E Thomas; Herbert, James D; McFarr, Lynn M; Rizvi, Shireen L; Sauer, Eric M; Strauman, Timothy J

2012-12-01

398

Counseling Health Psychology: Assessing Health Psychology Training within Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Training directors of American Psychological Association-approved counseling psychology doctoral programs completed a questionnaire assessing (a) student and faculty involvement in health-related research, practice, and teaching; (b) health-related research conducted by students and faculty; and (c) programs' expectations and ability to

Raque-Bogdan, Trisha L.; Torrey, Carrie L.; Lewis, Brian L.; Borges, Nicole J.

2013-01-01

399

Personality Theory, Abnormal Psychology, and Psychological MeasurementA Psychological Behaviorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements

Arthur W. Staats

1993-01-01

400

Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia  

PubMed Central

Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), also known as neuropsychiatric symptoms, represent a heterogeneous group of non-cognitive symptoms and behaviors occurring in subjects with dementia. BPSD constitute a major component of the dementia syndrome irrespective of its subtype. They are as clinically relevant as cognitive symptoms as they strongly correlate with the degree of functional and cognitive impairment. BPSD include agitation, aberrant motor behavior, anxiety, elation, irritability, depression, apathy, disinhibition, delusions, hallucinations, and sleep or appetite changes. It is estimated that BPSD affect up to 90% of all dementia subjects over the course of their illness, and is independently associated with poor outcomes, including distress among patients and caregivers, long-term hospitalization, misuse of medication, and increased health care costs. Although these symptoms can be present individually it is more common that various psychopathological features co-occur simultaneously in the same patient. Thus, categorization of BPSD in clusters taking into account their natural course, prognosis, and treatment response may be useful in the clinical practice. The pathogenesis of BPSD has not been clearly delineated but it is probably the result of a complex interplay of psychological, social, and biological factors. Recent studies have emphasized the role of neurochemical, neuropathological, and genetic factors underlying the clinical manifestations of BPSD. A high degree of clinical expertise is crucial to appropriately recognize and manage the neuropsychiatric symptoms in a patient with dementia. Combination of non-pharmacological and careful use of pharmacological interventions is the recommended therapeutic for managing BPSD. Given the modest efficacy of current strategies, there is an urgent need to identify novel pharmacological targets and develop new non-pharmacological approaches to improve the adverse outcomes associated with BPSD. PMID:22586419

Cerejeira, J.; Lagarto, L.; Mukaetova-Ladinska, E. B.

2012-01-01

401

213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis  

E-print Network

213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis Psychology 252--Sensation and Memory Psychology 255--Cognitive Neuroscience Psychology 257--Psychobiology of Development Psychology 258--Neural Mechanisms of Sensory and Motor Function Neuroscience 120 (3)--Introduction to Neuroscience

Dresden, Gregory

402

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY On-Going Lecturer Pool The Psychology of qualified temporary lecturers in Psychology. Outstanding candidates with experience to teach in any specialty within psychology (including introductory psychology, statistics, research methods, social

California at Santa Cruz, University of

403

Women's Studies/ Psychology 732 Office hours: Th 11-11:45 & appt Psychology of Women Office: 410 Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Women's Studies/ Psychology 732 Office hours: Th 11-11:45 & appt Psychology of Women Office: 410 Psychology Fall, 2012 Phone: 262-9522 Dr. Janet Hyde Jshyde@wisc.edu SYLLABUS Textbooks Enns, C. Z. (2004. (2013). Half the human experience: The psychology of women. 8th ed., Cengage. Both are available

Sheridan, Jennifer

404

Is Evolutionary Psychology a Metatheory for Psychology? A Discussion of Four Major Issues in Psychology From an Evolutionary Developmental Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology has been proposed as a metatheoretical framework for psychology. We argue that evolutionary psychology should be expanded if it is to offer new insights regarding the major issues in psychology. Evolutionary developmental biology can provide valuable new insights into issues such as the domain-specificity of the human mind, the naturenurture debate, stages in development, and the origin of

Annemie Ploeger; Maartje E. J. Raijmakers

2008-01-01

405

The psychological treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in adult refugees: A review of the current state of psychological therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Background: Large numbers,of refugees flee their countries of origin each year. A proportion,of these people,will have witnessed,or experienced,traumatic,events and may,be suffering from psychological distress requiring intervention. Aims: The article aims to review the literature relating to the psychological,treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in adult refugees. The clinical implications of existing research and specific challenges faced by health

Catherine Nicholl; Andrew Thompson

2004-01-01

406

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-print Network

Greeks note the role of the body in health and illness Hippocrates Galen Humoral Theory (4 circulating is Health Psychology Greeks: Galen & Hippocrates #12;Galen's Four Humors Melancholic black bile moody glum

Meagher, Mary

407

Applying quantum principles to psychology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article starts out with a detailed example illustrating the utility of applying quantum probability to psychology. Then it describes several alternative mathematical methods for mapping fundamental quantum concepts (such as state preparation, measurement, state evolution) to fundamental psychological concepts (such as stimulus, response, information processing). For state preparation, we consider both pure states and densities with mixtures. For measurement, we consider projective measurements and positive operator valued measurements. The advantages and disadvantages of each method with respect to applications in psychology are discussed.

Busemeyer, Jerome R.; Wang, Zheng; Khrennikov, Andrei; Basieva, Irina

2014-12-01

408

Applying Quantum Principles to Psychology  

E-print Network

This article starts out with a detailed example illustrating the utility of applying quantum probability to psychology. Then it describes several alternative mathematical methods for mapping fundamental quantum concepts (such as state preparation, measurement, state evolution) to fundamental psychological concepts (such as stimulus, response, information processing). For state preparation, we consider both pure states and densities with mixtures. For measurement, we consider projective measurements and positive operator valued measurements. The advantages and disadvantages of each method with respect to applications in psychology are discussed.

Jerome R Busemeyer; Zheng Wang; Andrei Khrennikov; Irina Basieva

2014-05-25

409

Advancing psychotherapy and evidence-based psychological interventions.  

PubMed

Psychological models of mental disorders guide research into psychological and environmental factors that elicit and maintain mental disorders as well as interventions to reduce them. This paper addresses four areas. (1) Psychological models of mental disorders have become increasingly transdiagnostic, focusing on core cognitive endophenotypes of psychopathology from an integrative cognitive psychology perspective rather than offering explanations for unitary mental disorders. It is argued that psychological interventions for mental disorders will increasingly target specific cognitive dysfunctions rather than symptom-based mental disorders as a result. (2) Psychotherapy research still lacks a comprehensive conceptual framework that brings together the wide variety of findings, models and perspectives. Analysing the state-of-the-art in psychotherapy treatment research, "component analyses" aiming at an optimal identification of core ingredients and the mechanisms of change is highlighted as the core need towards improved efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, and improved translation to routine care. (3) In order to provide more effective psychological interventions to children and adolescents, there is a need to develop new and/or improved psychotherapeutic interventions on the basis of developmental psychopathology research taking into account knowledge of mediators and moderators. Developmental neuroscience research might be instrumental to uncover associated aberrant brain processes in children and adolescents with mental health problems and to better examine mechanisms of their correction by means of psychotherapy and psychological interventions. (4) Psychotherapy research needs to broaden in terms of adoption of large-scale public health strategies and treatments that can be applied to more patients in a simpler and cost-effective way. Increased research on efficacy and moderators of Internet-based treatments and e-mental health tools (e.g. to support "real time" clinical decision-making to prevent treatment failure or relapse) might be one promising way forward. PMID:24375536

Emmelkamp, Paul M G; David, Daniel; Beckers, Tom; Muris, Peter; Cuijpers, Pim; Lutz, Wolfgang; Andersson, Gerhard; Araya, Ricardo; Banos Rivera, Rosa M; Barkham, Michael; Berking, Matthias; Berger, Thomas; Botella, Christina; Carlbring, Per; Colom, Francesc; Essau, Cecilia; Hermans, Dirk; Hofmann, Stefan G; Knappe, Susanne; Ollendick, Thomas H; Raes, Filip; Rief, Winfried; Riper, Heleen; Van Der Oord, Saskia; Vervliet, Bram

2014-01-01

410

The University of Winnipeg Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

The University of Winnipeg Department of Psychology The Department of Psychology at the University development. The Ph.D. degree in Psychology is required. Applicants must be committed to teaching and have Bradbury, Chair, Department of Psychology, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Martin, Jeff

411

Psychology on Exchange InternationalExchangeProgram  

E-print Network

Psychology on Exchange InternationalExchangeProgram Psychology majors are welcome to apply Honours, you need to take into account the advice from the Department of Psychology (http://sydney.edu.au/ current_students/student_exchange/forms_downloads.shtml). Timing To meet Australian Psychology

Viglas, Anastasios

412

Keith Rayner Atkinson Professor of Psychology  

E-print Network

VITA Keith Rayner Atkinson Professor of Psychology University of California, San Diego Email: krayner@ucsd.edu Phone: 858-822-7816 Degrees: B.S.: 1968 M.S.: 1970 Ph.D.: 1974 Psychology Ed Psychology Cognitive Psych Ed Psychology Psycholinguistics University of Utah University of Utah Cornell University

413

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Dr. Arnold Le Advisor I Stephanie Wilson ­ Academic Advisor II http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced work particularly relevant

Bermúdez, José Luis

414

Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield  

E-print Network

Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield University of Pennsylvania Psychology as the study of mind States. This established psychology was in part a school discipline, conveyed in textbooks and lectures psychology was also an object of research and speculation by physicians and independent scholars. James Mill

Hatfield, Gary

415

Psychology Department 2012-2013 Honours Advising  

E-print Network

Psychology Department 2012-2013 Honours Advising The University of Winnipeg If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you

Martin, Jeff

416

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

Bermúdez, José Luis

417

College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

psychology College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology 907-474-7007 www.uaf.edu/psych/ BA, Bs Degrees Minimum Requirements for Degrees: 120 credits The Department of Psychology offers BA and BS degrees in psychology. The department's focus is to provide breadth and depth in the science

Hartman, Chris

418

Ph.D. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist  

E-print Network

Ph.D. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials.D. in Psychology must have both a Bachelors and Masters degree, at least one of which must be in Psychology (Maximum 10 pages). GRE Test Scores: Applicants who do not have a Master's degree in Psychology must submit

Northern British Columbia, University of

419

College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology Major Checksheet for Students Graduating Education (CLE) courses and the foreign language requirement, psychology majors are required to take 28 OF PSYCHOLOGY (6 hrs.): PSYC 2004-rntroductory Psychology (Prereq. for all other courses) PSYC 2094-Principles

Virginia Tech

420

Research Report: Students' knowledge of abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aims to compare whether final year psychology students (n = 26) could answer more items on a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ) correctly on abnormal psychology than prospective psychology candidates (n = 77) and final year engineering students (n = 26). The three groups of students completed MCQs in five different fields of abnormal psychology namely; eating disorders,

Adrian Furnham; Bahman Baluch; Fiona Starr

2003-01-01

421

Brandeis University Psychology current number of majors  

E-print Network

research in diverse areas including cognitive science; normal and abnormal psychology; health psychologyBrandeis University Psychology fast facts current number of majors and minors: 282 NumberBoUt the Program the Department of Psychology helps students establish a strong scientific and research foundation

Fraden, Seth

422

Putting Sport Psychology Into (Your) Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychologist interested in expanding or diversifying practice will find the relatively new field of applied sport psychology rich in opportunities for learning, collaboration, and development. Exercise can be an important adjunct to psychotherapy, and psychological skills training offers systematic methods for performance improvement. Sport psychology is derived from a blending of sport science and psychology, and practitioner psychologists bring

Kate F. Hays

1995-01-01

423

Raising Students' Awareness of Women in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The near invisibility of women's contributions to psychology is a serious problem in the teaching of psychology. We tested the effectiveness of a teaching exercise aimed at increasing students' awareness of women's contributions to psychology. The exercise involved making, displaying, and examining posters about women in psychology. Students (a)

Moradi, Bonnie; Townsend, Deborah T.

2006-01-01

424

The Psychology of Women and Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although standard courses in psychology are offered each academic year at New Jersey's Raritan Valley Community College (RVCC), the psychology of women and gender has yet to be incorporated into the curriculum. The psychology of women developed with the emergence of the second wave of feminism, beginning with a critical analysis of psychology's

Dumville, Miriam McCarthy

425

Graduate Study in Psychology, 2013 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Graduate Study in Psychology" is the best source of information related to graduate programs in psychology and provides information related to approximately 600 graduate programs in psychology in the U.S. and Canada. "Graduate Study in Psychology" contains information about: (1) number of applications received by a program; (2) number of

APA Books, 2012

2012-01-01

426

Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet?  

E-print Network

Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? 27 September) tel. 020 - 525 4531 Universiteit van Amsterdam Core logic course #12;Logic meets psychology 2 Marian course #12;Logic meets psychology 3 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? Two

Löwe, Benedikt

427

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological knowledge. The role of culture

Ravikumar, B.

428

1 Psychology Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the  

E-print Network

1 Psychology PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the second largest sciences division within the school, the program exposes students to basic psychological theory, helps them develop research skills, and teaches them how to approach psychological and social issues within

Vertes, Akos

429

238 Psychology 239 Degree Requirements for B.A. in Psychology  

E-print Network

The Psychology of Gender PSYC 332 Abnormal Behavior PSYC 460 The Psychology of Motivation Honors Program238 Psychology 239 Degree Requirements for B.A. in Psychology For general university requirements, see Graduation Requirements (pages 18­20). Students majoring in psychology must complete 29 semester

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

430

Debunking and the Psychology of Error: A Historical Analysis of Psychological Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychology of the paranormal has always reflected wider themes about the nature and status of psychology. This article, in examining these themes, seeks to show how qualitative research in the history of psychology can contribute to the understanding of psychological topics, ones that have fundamental relevance to the discipline of psychology as a whole. The article examines the construction

Peter Lamont

2010-01-01

431

BA in Psychology Assessment Plan  

E-print Network

Thinking Skills in Psychology: Respect and use critical and creative thinking, skeptical inquiry and the scientific approach. Suggested outcomes include using and engaging in critical thinking, using reasoning, designing and conducting basic studies, and generalizing research conclusions appropriately. 3. Critical

Cantlon, Jessica F.

432

Enculturation Stress in Canadian Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument is made that nationally flavoured psychologies exist where distinctive national values and social priorities obtain. These values are discussed in the context of two imported behavioural models, science and profession.

David Gibson

1974-01-01

433

Feasibility of brief psychological distress screening by a community-based telephone helpline for cancer patients and carers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Up to one-third of people affected by cancer experience ongoing psychological distress and would benefit from screening followed by an appropriate level of psychological intervention. This rarely occurs in routine clinical practice due to barriers such as lack of time and experience. This study investigated the feasibility of community-based telephone helpline operators screening callers affected by cancer for their

Anna L Hawkes; Karen L Hughes; Sandy D Hutchison; Suzanne K Chambers

2010-01-01

434

Attitudes toward the use of animals in psychological research and education: Results from a national survey of psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal research has played a central role in psychology, yet its clinical value and ethical propriety have recently come under attack. In an effort to assess current thinking on this controversial subject, a mail survey was sent to 5,000 randomly selected members of the American Psychological Association. Responses were received from 3,982 individuals, and the results showed (a) majority support

S. Plous

1996-01-01

435

Unresolved Questions Concerning the Effectiveness of Psychological Assessment as a Therapeutic Intervention: Comment on Poston and Hanson (2010)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent article in this journal, Poston and Hanson (2010) reported a meta-analysis of 17 studies on the use of psychological assessment as a therapeutic intervention (PATI) and concluded that "psychological assessment procedures--when combined with personalized, collaborative, and highly involving test feedback--have positive, clinically

Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Garb, Howard N.; Wood, James M.

2011-01-01

436

The More You Know: The Impact of Publication and Peer-Review Experience on Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Psychology Bulletin (NSPB) is a peer-reviewed journal operated by clinical psychology graduate students. Forty-four members of the editorial board and 27 authors were surveyed before and after working with NSPB. Results of the survey demonstrated that experience with the publication process resulted in quantitative decreases in

Doran, Jennifer M.; Somerville, William; Harlem-Siegel, Jessica; Steele, Howard

2014-01-01

437

A New Stress-Based Model of Political Extremism: Personal Exposure to Terrorism, Psychological Distress, and Exclusionist Political Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does exposure to terrorism lead to hostility toward minorities? Drawing on theories from clinical and social psychology, we propose a stress-based model of political extremism in which psychological distress--which is largely overlooked in political scholarship--and threat perceptions mediate the relationship between exposure to terrorism and

Canetti-Nisim, Daphna; Halperin, Eran; Sharvit, Keren; Hobfoll, Stevan E.

2009-01-01

438

Psychological aspects of nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

Exploring the nature of nuclear war, this treatise examines human reaction to nuclear disaster and accidental explosions. The discussion is based on evidence of human fallibility that has emerged from the psychology of accidents and from research into decision-making in military and political contexts. The book draws on the psychology of negotiation and conflict resolution to suggest ways in which the threat of nuclear war might be reduced.

Thompson, J.

1985-01-01

439

Buddha philosophy and western psychology.  

PubMed

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

440

Buddha philosophy and western psychology  

PubMed Central

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between two of the most powerful forces operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

441

Mental Health Practitioners' Reflections on Psychological Work in Uganda: Exploring Perspectives from Different Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Butabika-East London Link collaborated with Ugandan mental health services to train mental health professionals (psychiatric clinical officers, "PCOs", and clinical psychologists and psychiatrists, "Core Group") in psychological therapies. The aims of this research were to investigate how professionals were applying and

Hall, Jennifer; d'Ardenne, Patricia; Nsereko, James; Kasujja, Rosco; Baillie, Dave; Mpango, Richard; Birabwa, Harriet; Hunter, Elaine

2014-01-01

442

The needs of older adults with schizophrenia Implications for psychological interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper assesses whether the needs of people with schizophrenia over 65years differ from those of younger adults with the diagnosis. It reviews studies comparing older and younger adults and older adults with schizophrenia and non-clinical or clinical controls on measures of psychosocial functioning. It also considers how psychological interventions can be best designed to cater for the specific needs

Katherine Berry; Christine Barrowclough

2009-01-01

443

The Phenomenal Self, Strategic Self-Presentation, and Kohut's Self Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this paper is to illustrate how social psychological perspectives on the self can enhance a clinical understanding of client problems and psychotherapy. This discussion, which bridges two highly divergent strands of literature, points out the value of complementing clinically derived theory with more rigorously researched

Friedlander, Myrna L

444

Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology.  

PubMed

Francis Bacon offers two accounts of the nature and function of the human mind: one is a medical-physical account of the composition and operation of spirits specific to human beings, the other is a behavioral account of the character and activities of individual persons. The medical-physical account is a run-of-the-mill version of the late Renaissance model of elemental constituents and humoral temperaments. The other, less well-known, behavioral account represents an unusual position in early modern philosophy. This theory espouses a form of behavioral psychology according to which (a) supposed mental properties are "hidden forms" best described in dispositional terms, (b) the true character of an individual can be discovered in his observable behavior, and (c) an "informed" understanding of these properties permits the prediction and control of human behavior. Both of Bacon's theories of human nature fall under his general notion of systematic science: his medical-physical theory of vital spirits is theoretical natural philosophy and his behavioral theory of disposition and expression is operative natural philosophy. Because natural philosophy as a whole is "the inquiry of causes and the production of effects," knowledge of human nature falls under the same two-part definition. It is an inquisition of forms that pertains to the patterns of minute motions in the vital spirits and the production of effects that pertains both to the way these hidden motions produce behavioral effects and to the way in which a skillful agent is able to produce desired effects in other persons' behavior. PMID:17623872

MacDonald, Paul S

2007-01-01

445

Measuring psychological flexibility in medical students and residents: a psychometric analysis  

PubMed Central

Purpose Psychological flexibility involves mindful awareness of our thoughts and feelings without allowing them to prohibit acting consistently with our values and may have important implications for patient-centered clinical care. Although psychological flexibility appears quite relevant to the training and development of health care providers, prior research has not evaluated measures of psychological flexibility in medical learners. Therefore, we investigated the validity of our learners responses to three measures related to psychological flexibility. Methods Fourth-year medical students and residents (n=275) completed three measures of overlapping aspects of psychological flexibility: (1) Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II); (2) Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ); and (3) Mindful Attention and Awareness Questionnaire (MAAS). We evaluated five aspects of construct validity: content, response process, internal structure, relationship with other variables, and consequences. Results We found good internal consistency for responses on the AAQ (?=0.93), MAAS (?=0.92), and CFQ (?=0.95). Factor analyses demonstrated a reasonable fit to previously published factor structures. As expected, scores on all three measures were moderately correlated with one another and with a measure of life satisfaction (p<0.01). Conclusion Our findings provide preliminary evidence supporting validity of the psychological flexibility construct in a medical education sample. As psychological flexibility is a central concept underlying self-awareness, this work may have important implications for clinical training and practice. PMID:23948496

Palladino, Christie L.; Ange, Brittany; Richardson, Deborah S.; Casillas, Rhonda; Decker, Matt; Gillies, Ralph A.; House, Amy; Rollock, Michael; Salazar, William H.; Waller, Jennifer L.; Zeidan, Ronnie; Stepleman, Lara

2013-01-01

446

Variations in Psychological Profile Among Children with Recurrent Abdominal Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to determine whether distinct subgroups of children with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) could be identified\\u000a based on patterns of psychological functioning. Two hundred and eighty-three children (ages 817 years), and a primary caretaker,\\u000a completed the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC) during the initial evaluation of RAP at a pediatric gastroenterology\\u000a clinic. Cluster analysis of BASC

Jennifer Verrill Schurman; Caroline Elder Danda; Craig A. Friesen; Paul E. Hyman; Stephen D. Simon; Jose T. Cocjin

2008-01-01

447

The psychological consequence of experiencing shame: Self-sufficiency and mood-repair  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies in social psychology and clinical psychology have demonstrated that shame is associated with social disengagement.\\u000a We incorporated self-sufficiency with the mood-repair hypothesis from the feelings-as-information perspective to provide viable\\u000a explanations for the psychological consequence of shame, suggesting that the mood-repair goal primed by shame is an inclination\\u000a to behave self-sufficiently. In Study 1a and 1b, shamed participants preferred to

Ying-Hsien Chao; Ying-Yao Cheng; Wen-Bin Chiou

2011-01-01

448

Metacognitive beliefs and psychological well-being in paranoia and depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. Despite the growing interest in the effects of metacognitive beliefs and psychological well-being on psychiatric conditions, little is known about how these two variables interact in clinical samples. The central aim of this study was to investigate the role of some metacognitive beliefs in the relationship between psychological well-being dimensions and psychopathology.Methods. Fifty-five participants with persecutory delusions diagnosed with

Carmen Valiente; Jose M. Prados; Diego Gmez; Filiberto Fuentenebro

2012-01-01

449

Further reflections on the humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide.  

PubMed

Replies to comments by Morley (see record 2014-01475-010), Serlin (see record 2014-01475-011), Friedman (see record 2014-01475-012), Churchill and Mruk (see record 2014-01475-013), and Schneider (see record 2014-01475-014) on the current author's original article "The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations" (see record 2013-12501-001). The article contrasting humanistic psychology and positive psychology with respect to their ontological, epistemological, and practical philosophical foundations has generated commentaries from leading proponents of varying perspectives within humanistic psychology. There is a great deal of material within those commentaries with which the current author is in full accord. It is worth noting at the outset that no one appears to be challenging the observations (a) that published exchanges between proponents of humanistic and positive psychology have been marked by tension and ambivalence, albeit with occasional efforts at reconciliation and rapprochement; (b) that proponents of the two perspectives differ with respect to the philosophers they most frequently cite in their writings; or (c) that such citations reflect the philosophical assumptions serving as foundations for the theoretical, research, and counseling/therapeutic endeavors of psychologists in both groups. The principal points of concurrence in the critiques published here are that the current underestimates the extent to which mutually supportive, collaborative work can be accomplished across the philosophical divide and that the recommendations the current author has made has advanced serious potential negative consequences for the field. The current author will address these points here in the reply, although space does not permit him to address other substantive points raised by individual commentators. PMID:24446855

Waterman, Alan S

2014-01-01

450

Gender responses to psychological distress among Palestinians: risk and protective factors.  

PubMed

This study investigated the extent to which differences in the presence of trauma, political and normative stressors, resources, coping, and hardiness could account for variation in gender responses to psychological distress among Palestinians. Participants were 624 males and females aged 27-56 years. Questionnaires were administered in an interview format with participants at home. Results indicated that female gender has been associated with psychological distress. The females in this study reported feeling distressed by intrafamily strains, whereas males reported feeling distressed by work and family strains as well as losses. Political stressors were more predictive of psychological distress than was the presence of trauma or normative stressors. The sociodemographics had different patterns of relations with psychological distress. Females' education was negatively related to psychological distress, whereas the family income was negatively related to psychological distress in males. No significant differences between males and females were found in their coping responses. However, cognitive and behavioural strategies Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales (F-COPES) seem to combine and had an impact on psychological distress of females only. Also, family hardiness was evidenced to have an influence on perceived psychological distress in both genders. The clinical and policy implications of these conclusions were discussed. PMID:25040004

Khamis, Vivian

2014-08-01

451

Effects of Mindfulness on Psychological Health: A Review of Empirical Studies  

PubMed Central

Within the past few decades, there has been a surge of interest in the investigation of mindfulness as a psychological construct and as a form of clinical intervention. This article reviews the empirical literature on the effects of mindfulness on psychological health. We begin with a discussion of the construct of mindfulness, differences between Buddhist and Western psychological conceptualizations of mindfulness, and how mindfulness has been integrated into Western medicine and psychology, before reviewing three areas of empirical research: cross-sectional, correlational research on the associations between mindfulness and various indicators of psychological health; intervention research on the effects of mindfulness-oriented interventions on psychological health; and laboratory-based, experimental research on the immediate effects of mindfulness inductions on emotional and behavioral functioning. We conclude that mindfulness brings about various positive psychological effects, including increased subjective well-being, reduced psychological symptoms and emotional reactivity, and improved behavioral regulation. The review ends with a discussion on mechanisms of change of mindfulness interventions and suggested directions for future research. PMID:21802619

Keng, Shian-Ling; Smoski, Moria J.; Robins, Clive J.

2013-01-01

452

E-Psychology: Consumers' Attitude  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Securing psychological supervision, consultations and help during long lasting flights is vital condition for success. That's why, knowing in details consumers (clients) attitude toward virtual psychology services is essential. Knowledge gained during nowadays studies on Earth will definitely help in the preparation for the future. The presentation focuses on results of a longitudinal survey assessing clients' attitudes toward e-psychology service. The first part of the survey was performed in spring 2006, while the second - in 2008. The study is part of an ongoing project OHN 1514/2005, funded by National Science Fund, Bulgaria. Project's strategic goal is to develop and offer a virtual high quality psychological service to people from remotes areas that have no contact with licensed psychologist. The project enables experts to communicate directly with clients and perform remote consultations, supervision, etc. The objective of this presentation is to report changes and trends in clients' attitude towards innovative virtual psychology care. Both parts of the survey involved men and women between 19 and 70 year, who defend various opinions on the application of virtual technologies for healthcare. The sample is stratifies for age, gender, education level.

Jordanova, Malina; Vasileva, Lidia; Rasheva, Maximka; Bojinova, Rumiana

453

Twenty-two years of psychological science in Psychological Science.  

PubMed

The journal Psychological Science (PS) has undergone various changes over 22 years since its birth in 1990. Analysis of Web of Science's records shows that the publication has increased in volume and collaborations between authors, and has become more international. Keyword analysis suggests the new role of neuroscience in contemporary psychology and indicates that the PS of today is more oriented than in the 1990s towards psychosocial and emotional issues as well as natural situations in our daily lives (ecological validity). PMID:24811724

Gonzlez-Alvarez, Julio; Palomar-Garca, Ma Angeles

2014-02-01

454

Reformulating Psychological Difficulties in People with Parkinson's Disease: The Potential of a Social Relational Approach to Disablism  

PubMed Central

Research investigating the psychological difficulties experienced by people with Parkinson's disease (PD) is dominated by individualistic neurobiological and psychological perspectives. Therefore, this opinion paper draws on a reformulation of the social model of disability, Thomas' (1999) and (2007) social relational approach to disablism, to offer an alternative way of conceptualising psychological difficulties experienced by people with PD. This opinion paper explores the ways in which socially imposed restrictions and stigma may contribute to psychological difficulties by using Thomas' (2007) concept of psychoemotional disablism. By using the lens of psychoemotional disablism, this paper demonstrates that people with PD can be exposed to stigmatising attitudes and interactions which could contribute to restrictions, feelings of shame, and psychological difficulties such as depression. Accordingly, it is argued that further attention to the link between psychological difficulties and social dimensions of disablism in PD is needed in both research arenas and clinical practice to broaden understandings and interventions for people with PD. PMID:24000316

Simpson, Jane; McMillan, Helen

2013-01-01

455

Impact of psychological stress on irritable bowel syndrome  

PubMed Central

Psychological stress is an important factor for the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). More and more clinical and experimental evidence showed that IBS is a combination of irritable bowel and irritable brain. In the present review we discuss the potential role of psychological stress in the pathogenesis of IBS and provide comprehensive approaches in clinical treatment. Evidence from clinical and experimental studies showed that psychological stresses have marked impact on intestinal sensitivity, motility, secretion and permeability, and the underlying mechanism has a close correlation with mucosal immune activation, alterations in central nervous system, peripheral neurons and gastrointestinal microbiota. Stress-induced alterations in neuro-endocrine-immune pathways acts on the gut-brain axis and microbiota-gut-brain axis, and cause symptom flare-ups or exaggeration in IBS. IBS is a stress-sensitive disorder, therefore, the treatment of IBS should focus on managing stress and stress-induced responses. Now, non-pharmacological approaches and pharmacological strategies that target on stress-related alterations, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, miscellaneous agents, 5-HT synthesis inhibitors, selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors, and specific 5-HT receptor antagonists or agonists have shown a critical role in IBS management. A integrative approach for IBS management is a necessary. PMID:25339801

Qin, Hong-Yan; Cheng, Chung-Wah; Tang, Xu-Dong; Bian, Zhao-Xiang

2014-01-01

456

[The identity of medical psychology: a historical quest].  

PubMed

The starting point of this study is the current uncertainty in German-speaking medical psychology about its actual and very own natural area of expertise. The current study ventures to advance the hypothesis that part of this uncertainty is due to the fact that during the scientific area in its history (approx. 1850-1960) medical psychology abandoned its historical core competence as it emerged and developed during the age of enlightenment (end of 17(th)-18(th) centuries). To make this change clear, different examples of the 2 opposing conceptualisations of medical psychology are discussed, of course in a selected and maybe even provocative way. The change in concept also led to the fact that the interrelationships with and differentiation from its neighbouring disciplines are not clear and sharp either, since at times 2 or more disciplines declare themselves competent for one and the same thing. This is exemplified on the manifold overlappings with clinical psychology. Given the lack of resources now and in the future, this lack of a clear definition of competence might lead to continued uncertainty as well as to conflicts over distribution. On the other hand though, the look into the history of the subject reveals that at all times it has been a matter of individual approach or attitude as to what was regarded as core area of interest and competence of medical psychology and how far it overlapped with neighbouring disciplines. From the point of view of the history of psychiatry and on the basis of carefully selected historic material, this paper presents the core of 2 different concepts of medical psychology to elaborate this hypothesis. PMID:25372061

Steinberg, Holger

2014-11-01

457

Clinical Geropsychology Training in Generalist Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a relatively small number of clinical psychology graduate programs offer specialized tracks in clinical geropsychology, the need for psychologists trained to work with older adults is increasing. This paper presents a model of training that could be adopted by generalist training programs to better prepare their students to work with older

DeVries, Helen McKean

2005-01-01

458

Evaluation of psychological status in patients with asthma and COPD.  

PubMed

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are major public health problems, which seems to have close association with psychiatric disorders. The present study was conducted to compare the psychological status between asthmatic and COPD patients and clarify the relationship with severity of pulmonary obstruction. This cross-sectional study was planned to compare the psychological status in 67 stable obstructive lung patients (17 asthma, 24 asthmatic bronchitis and 26 COPD) referred to respiratory clinic of Ghaem hospital and 33 healthy controls, in Mashhad city, north east of Iran. Severity of pulmonary obstruction was determined based on GOLD criteria. "Beck Depression Inventory", "Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale" and "SCL-90-R" questionnaires were used to determine the psychological status. Prevalence of general psychopathology in asthma, COPD, asthmatic bronchitis and control groups were 64.7%, 42.3%, 33.3% and 36.4% respectively. Psychological status was directly related to severity of pulmonary obstruction (p=0.048), Prevalence of depression in asthmatic, COPD and asthmatic bronchitis groups were 66.7%, 54.2% and 44.4% respectively. Depression score was related to severity of pulmonary obstruction (p=0.000).Prevalence of anxiety in asthma, COPD and asthmatic bronchitis were 46.7%, 45.8% and 40.7% respectively. Anxiety score was related to marital status and satisfaction with income Asthmatic and COPD patients are at equal risk of developing psychiatric disorders and both require psychological evaluations in respiratory clinics. Therapists must pay more attention to patients with severe pulmonary disease. PMID:22427478

Asnaashari, Amir M H; Talaei, Ali; Haghigh, Baghban

2012-03-01

459

The psychology of suicide terrorism.  

PubMed

This paper reviews current understandings of the psychology of suicide terrorism for psychiatrists and other mental health professionals to help them better understand this terrifying phenomenon. After discussing key concepts and definitions, the paper reviews both group and individual models for explaining the development of suicide terrorists, with an emphasis on "collective identity." Stressing the importance of social psychology, it emphasizes the "normality" and absence of individual psychopathology of the suicide bombers. It will discuss the broad range of terrorisms, but will particularly emphasize terrorism associated with militant Islam. The article emphasizes that comprehending suicide terrorism requires a multidisciplinary approach that includes anthropological, economic, historical, and political factors as well as psychological ones. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for research, policy, and prevention, reviewing the manner in which social psychiatric knowledge and understandings applied to this phenomenon in an interdisciplinary framework can assist in developing approaches to counter this deadly strategy. PMID:19366292

Post, Jerrold M; Ali, Farhana; Henderson, Schuyler W; Shanfield, Steven; Victoroff, Jeff; Weine, Stevan

2009-01-01

460

Psychological Sequelae of Elective Abortion  

PubMed Central

A mild, short, depressive and guilt ridden period following abortion is quite common, but a severe psychological reaction is rare. The indication for the abortion and the preabortal psychological state of the patient are the two most important factors. Almost all reported instances of postabortion psychoses have occurred in patients who had severe preabortal psychiatric problems. Women undergoing abortion for socioeconomic or psychosocial indications appear to be at minimal risk for long-term negative psychological sequelae. In contrast, women in whom abortion is carried out because of exposure to rubella and the risk of fetal malformation, maternal organic disease or the prenatal diagnosis of a genetically defective fetus are at greater risk and may need supportive psychotherapy. PMID:1099808

Blumberg, Bruce D.; Golbus, Mitchell S.

1975-01-01

461

Manned Mars mission psychological issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research on isolated environments over the last thirty years suggests that psychological factors associated with such environments will lead to negative changes in individual and group performance. A mission to Mars will be the greatest undertaking ever devised by the human species. The members of such a mission will be in an environment whose potential dangers are not even completely known at this time. The psychological factors generated by such an environment, and which might adversely affect accomplishment of mission goals, can be minimized or planned for in advance. It is hoped that these issues will not be ignored in planning for this great adventure.

Santy, Patricia A.

1986-01-01

462

The neuroscience of psychological treatments.  

PubMed

The series of articles in this issue of Behavior Research and Therapy presages a new field of translational research that could be called "the neuroscience of psychological treatments". After a brief retrospective on the origins and promise of this focus of study several cautions are adumbrated. As in any new field of scientific endeavor, close collaboration among stakeholders with interest in this field and the integration of a healthy scientific skepticism will best ensure the continued development of ever more powerful psychological treatments. PMID:25441145

Barlow, David H

2014-11-01

463

Psychological issues in pediatric obesity  

PubMed Central

Pediatric obesity is a major health problem and has reached epidemiological proportions today. The present paper reviews major psychological issues in pediatric obesity from a developmental perspective. Research and literature has shown that a number of developmental, family, maternal and child factors are responsible in the genesis of pediatric obesity. Family food habits, early developmental lifestyle of the child, parenting, early family relationships and harmony all contribute towards the growth and development of a child. The present review focuses on the role of developmental psychological factors in the pathogenesis of pediatric obesity and highlights the developmental factors that must be kept in mind when evaluating a case of pediatric obesity. PMID:23766572

Kalra, Gurvinder; De Sousa, Avinash; Sonavane, Sushma; Shah, Nilesh

2012-01-01

464

Psychology 410 - Evolutionary Psychology Course Syllabus, Winter 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology provides a new, integrated approach to human behavior by attempting to explain how specialized mental (brain) mechanisms, designed by a long history of evolution by natural selection, guide our present-day behavior and help us solve the problems of daily life that affected our ancestors ability to survive and reproduce successfully. Some of these \\

Charles Darwin

465

Psychology 410 and 510 - Evolutionary Psychology Course Syllabus, Fall 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology provides a new, integrated approach to human behavior by attempting to explain how specialized mental (brain) mechanisms, designed by a long history of evolution by natural selection, guide our present-day behavior and help us solve the problems of daily life that affected our ancestors ability to survive and reproduce successfully. Some of these \\

Charles Darwin

466

Revised: 9/25/13 COMBINED MAJOR BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

Revised: 9/25/13 COMBINED MAJOR BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION FORM (To be submitted ____________________ 5. Biology 75, 110, 115, 116, or 134 ________________________________ II. Five Psychology courses 1. Psychology 31 __________________ 2. Psychology 32 _____________________ (or Bio 132) __________________ 3

Patel, Aniruddh D.

467

Sept. 1, 2006 Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour  

E-print Network

Sept. 1, 2006 Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour Participation Pool Instructions of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour home web page (http://www.mcmaster.ca/psychology) Experimetrix allows only to you and the McMaster Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour Department participant pool

Dukas, Reuven

468

Popular Psychological Myths: A Comparison of Students' Beliefs across the Psychology Major  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the frequency and confidence with which college students endorse popular psychological myths, contrasting introductory psychology students (at the beginning and end of the course) with upper-level psychology majors and students who have never taken Introduction to Psychology. This study builds on the existing

Gaze, Catherine M.

2014-01-01

469

The Asian American Psychological Association: Parallels and Intersections with Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Asian American Psychological Association (AAPA). A brief history is provided, followed by current status and resources, connections to counseling psychology, and implications for the Society of Counseling Psychology and for the future of the AAPA. AAPA was created in 1972 in response to psychology's neglect

Alvarez, Alvin N.; Singh, Anneliese A.; Wu, Jenny

2012-01-01

470

Myths and Misconceptions in Popular Psychology: Comparing Psychology Students and the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the prevalence of psychological myths and misconceptions among psychology students and within the general population. In total, 829 participants completed a 249-item questionnaire designed to measure a broad range of psychological myths. Results revealed that psychological myths and misconceptions are numerous and widely held.

Furnham, Adrian; Hughes, David J.

2014-01-01

471

Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions  

E-print Network

Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological, USA rmorris@media.mit.edu #12;Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions Recent advances they can be used to enhance technological interventions for positive psychology. As a specific example, we

472

2 Welcome to the Department of Psychology 3 What is Psychology?  

E-print Network

1 Contents 2 Welcome to the Department of Psychology 2 Contacts 3 What is Psychology? 4 Including Psychology in your Degree 5 Advice: Enrolment, Planning & Changing Courses 6 Undergraduate Degrees in Psychology 8 Information for Maori and Pacific Students 9 100-Level Courses 10 200-Level Courses 12 300-Level

Hickman, Mark

473

2 Welcome to the Department of Psychology 3 What is Psychology?  

E-print Network

#12;1 Contents 2 Welcome to the Department of Psychology 2 Contacts 3 What is Psychology? 4 Including Psychology in your Degree 5 Advice: Enrolment, Planning & Changing Courses 6 Undergraduate Degrees in Psychology 8 Information for Maori Students 9 100-Level Courses 10 200-Level Courses 13 300-Level Courses 15

Hickman, Mark

474

RTP Criteria Psychology Department Approved 9/9/08, P. 1 PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT  

E-print Network

RTP Criteria ­ Psychology Department Approved 9/9/08, P. 1 PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT CRITERIA with the University criteria... . The Psychology Department's criteria are intended to be broad enough to encompass paths of professional growth. Indeed, given the diversity of our discipline, the Psychology Department

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DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY The Department of Psychology at the University of Winnipeg invites applications for a  

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DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY The Department of Psychology at the University of Winnipeg invites applications for a tenure track position at the Assistant Professor rank in Developmental Psychology are in the Developmental area. The Ph.D. degree in Psychology is required. Applicants must be committed to teaching

Martin, Jeff

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The Psychology Accelerated Degree Program 1 The Psychology Accelerated Degree Program  

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6/28/2013 The Psychology Accelerated Degree Program 1 The Psychology Accelerated Degree Program in the Department of Psychology? Are you interested in extending your training, and investigating specializations applying? An Accelerated Degree Program (ADP) in Psychology is now available for current UM students

Michigan, University of

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School of Psychology Blue Book's Friend 2011-2012 School of Psychology  

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School of Psychology Blue Book's Friend 2011-2012 1 School of Psychology The Queen's University of Belfast The Blue Book's Friend 2011-2012 Undergraduate #12;School of Psychology Blue Book's Friend 2011 of Staff in the School of Psychology ... ... ... ... ... 3 More Details about Your Degree

Müller, Jens-Dominik

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Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet?  

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Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? 27 September) tel. 020 - 525 4531 Universiteit van Amsterdam Core logic course #12;Logic meets psychology 2 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? Two perspectives on the matter: - a psychologist

Löwe, Benedikt

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Sport Psychology Training in Counseling Psychology Programs: Is There Room at the Inn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 53 counseling psychology programs about sport psychology training. Found that most respondents had students who were interested in sport psychology; counseling faculty were perceived to be receptive to their colleagues and graduate students having interests and pursuing research in sport psychology; and most program directors thought best

Petrie, Trent A.; Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

1994-01-01

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Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Psychology majors learn how biological, cognitive, social and  

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Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Psychology majors learn how biological, cognitive, social' labs and individualized study with faculty in specialized topics. Careers in Psychology Majors in psychology have a broad number of career options. The major prepares students for graduate study to become

O'Toole, Alice J.

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British Journal of Psychology (2011), 102, 3748 C 2010 The British Psychological Society  

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, Canada 3 Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, UK Several studies have found that women tend37 British Journal of Psychology (2011), 102, 37­48 C 2010 The British Psychological Society The British Psychological Society www.wileyonlinelibrary.com Variation in perceptions of physical dominance

Little, Tony

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Psychology, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science: Reflections on the History and Philosophy of Experimental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critically examines the views that psychology first came into existence as a discipline ca. 1879, that philosophy and psychology were estranged in the ensuing decades, that psychology finally became scientific through the influence of logical empiricism, and that it should now disappear in favor of cognitive science and neuroscience. It argues that psychology had a natural philosophical phase

Gary Hatfield

2002-01-01

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Including Fathers in School Psychology Literature: A Review of Four School Psychology Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well documented that fathers have a significant influence on their children's success in school. To examine the ways in which fathers have been represented in school psychology literature, the authors searched over 1,000 recent articles published in four leading U.S. school psychology journals ("Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology

Greif, Jennifer L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

2004-01-01

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The Magic of Psychology in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational psychology is a curricular requirement for most teacher preparation programs in the world. Knowledge of educational psychology is assessed on examinations for teacher licensure in most jurisdictions, and understanding of psychology is assumed to be indispensible for effective teaching at all levels. Traditional university-based

Fendler, Lynn

2012-01-01

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The Memorability of Introductory Psychology Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost 2 million students enroll in introductory psychology each year in the United States, making it the second most popular undergraduate course in the nation. Introductory psychology not only serves as a prerequisite for other courses in the discipline but for some students this course provides their only exposure to psychological science.

Landrum, R. Eric; Gurung, Regan A. R.

2013-01-01

486

Addressing Achievement Gaps with Psychological Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student psychology--how the classroom looks and feels from the perspective of the student--can powerfully affect motivation and learning, and experiments are increasingly showing that even brief interventions to change psychology can boost achievement over months or years. When paired with other structural reforms, social-psychological

Yeager, David; Walton, Gregory; Cohen, Geoffrey L.

2013-01-01

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Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing

Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

2011-01-01

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Psychological Impact of AIDS on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are at least three aspects to the psychological impact of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on children. First is the psychological response of the child with AIDS; second, the response of the child in a group at high risk for AIDS; and third, the psychological response of children in general to the perceived threat from AIDS.

Belfer, Myron L.

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A Test of Contemporary Misconceptions in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to construct and evaluate a contemporary misconception test based on popular myths in psychology. Misconceptions in psychology are commonplace, strongly held, and can be problematic for teaching accurate information. This study examined several predictors of misconceptions in eleven psychological topic areas. We also

Gardner, Rick M.; Brown, Dana L.

2013-01-01

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School of Social Sciences Division of Psychology  

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. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 20(5), 661-679. Dheensa, S. & Williams, G. A. (2009) `ISchool of Social Sciences Division of Psychology Spring / Summer 2010 Welcome to the Psychological among majority and minority groups in three European countries. Journal of Personality and Social

Evans, Paul

491

The Psychologies and the Humanization of Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretical and methodological developments in the psychologies have had an effect on the direction of research and training in speech. To continue to benefit from association with the psychologies, speech teachers would do well to familiarize themselves with the philosophy-psychology of the humanistic movement. The humanistic approach proceeds

Litvin, Joel

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Folk Psychology and Nave Physics Murray Shanahan  

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Folk Psychology and Naïve Physics Murray Shanahan Imperial College Department of Computing, 180 psychology and the prospective products of the so-called logicist approach to artificial intelligence. It is suggested that the products of the logicist research programme may demystify the terms of folk psychology

Shanahan, Murray

493

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology  

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Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology Distance Education Program A 36-credit hour settings. Selected Courses in Applied Educational Psychology Courses offered via distance education for the Applied Educational Psychology program are taught by faculty with esteemed national and international

Tennessee, University of

494

CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA OF PSYCHOLOGY  

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CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA OF PSYCHOLOGY Additional information to supplement criteria Applicants: should hold a degree which includes a three-year major in psychology accredited by the Australian Psychology Accreditation Council (APAC) completed within the last ten years must have completed

Thomas, Richard C.

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Carnegie Mellon University 1 Department of Psychology  

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Carnegie Mellon University 1 Department of Psychology Michael Scheier, Department Head is majoring in Psychology or Cognitive Science, studying with faculty who are on the leading edge of research on questions like the above can be a very exciting experience. The Psychology Department at Carnegie Mellon has

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Master of Science Degree in Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Master of Science Degree in Educational Psychology Distance Education Program A 36-credit hour settings. Courses in Educational Psychology Courses offered via distance education for the Educational Psychology program are taught by faculty with esteemed national and international reputations. The degree can

Dai, Pengcheng

497

GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

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GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 2013-2014 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY #12 with the Psychology Department's graduate program, student organizations and resources, and with Graduate Division's rules and regulations. This handbook is best used in conjunction with the Psychology Department

Bishop, Sonia

498

GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

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GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 2014-2015 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY #12;2 FOREWORD The Graduate Student Handbook has been produced to acquaint students with the Psychology and regulations. This handbook is best used in conjunction with the Psychology Department's Graduate Program

Jacobs, Lucia

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Psychology Departmental Assessment Plan August, 2008  

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1 Psychology Departmental Assessment Plan August, 2008 I. Learning Goals The overall goals of the major and minor in psychology are to: 1) prepare students for graduate study (Ph.D. and other graduate programs in psychology, professional school, or graduate programs in human services/applied sciences) 2

Bogaerts, Steven

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College of Arts and Sciences PSY Psychology  

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College of Arts and Sciences PSY Psychology KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 PSY 100 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY. (4 of psychology. Topics covered will include the biological foundations of behavior; learning, perception

MacAdam, Keith