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1

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

2

Respecialization in clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed 371 departments that offer graduate programs in psychology to determine their current respecialization efforts. Program directors from 43 departments indicated that they are currently involved in respecialization efforts, 26 of these in clinical psychology. A 2nd questionnaire was sent to the 149 students identified as having been involved in clinical respecialization, and responses were received from 65. Results show

George Stricker; James W. Hull; Jan Woodring

1984-01-01

3

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

Burton, Geoffrey R.

4

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

Liu, Taosheng

5

Clinical Psychology and Evolutionary Psychology: Toward a Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychology are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms that

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

6

Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology,  

E-print Network

1 Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology, Engineering Psychology, or Cognitive & Brain Science Congratulations on (almost, at least) completing college and your major in Psychology. We would greatly appreciate your views on your experience with the major

Patel, Aniruddh D.

7

Computer applications in clinical psychology  

E-print Network

The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

Zamo?teanu, Alina Oana

2012-01-01

8

3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

1 2 Contacts 3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology 4 Entry Requirements 6 Scholarship Justice Psychology 16 Overview of Programme 40 Clinical Placements 41 Profile of Employment Post to give an overview of the Clinical Psychology Programme. Information contained in this publication

Hickman, Mark

9

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2013--2014 The University of Glasgow, charity no. SC004401 #12;#12;DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY HANDBOOK Page 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.2 The Doctorate In Clinical Psychology .................................................... 19 3

Guo, Zaoyang

10

Career change within psychology: Retraining nonclinical psychologists in clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collected the 1st reported empirical data concerning opportunities for career changes within psychology. 124 directors of American Psychological Association-approved clinical and counseling programs were asked, via questionnaire, if they would consider for clinical training students with backgrounds in general–experimental psychology. Of the clinical program directors, 13% answered Yes, 37% No, and 42% Under special circumstances. Of the counseling program directors,

J. B. Goebel

1979-01-01

11

Clinical psychology and evolutionary psychology: Toward a dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychol- ogy are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

12

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2013--2014 APPENDICES #12;DOCTORATE IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY HANDBOOK Page 140 INDEX OF APPENDICES Appendix 2.1 Doctoral Programme Of Clinical Competence (Sample) ........173 Appendix 6.6 Log Book Of Clinical Activity (Sample

Guo, Zaoyang

13

The Empirical Clinical Psychology Department: Administration of Clinical Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can clinical psychology be scientific while operating comprehensively? Or are the reports of success with behavior modification wards merely isolated demonstration projects having no relevance to the whole of clinical psychology? The authors believe that relevant data on this question can be obtained through an attempt to direct a large clinical psychology department in such a way as to require

Robert W. Wildman

1974-01-01

14

The desegregation of clinical psychology training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied the success of the American Psychological Association in encouraging minority participation in psychology. A questionnaire similar to a 1970 instrument by R. Boxley and N. N. Wagner was sent to the 144 programs offering doctorates in clinical psychology. From an 80% return, results indicate that (a) no significant (p < .01) increase has occurred in student or faculty representation

Eligio R. Padilla; Russell Boxley; Nathaniel N. Wagner

1973-01-01

15

pSychology, clinicAl-coMMunity  

E-print Network

pSychology, clinicAl-coMMunity College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology 907-474-7012 uaf in clinical-community psychology is accredited by the American Psychological Association as a clinical psychology program. The PhD program in clinical-community psychology with a rural, indigenous emphasis

Hartman, Chris

16

Clinical psychology––science or superstition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical psychology is viewed in relation to the development of science. Often the scientific method is frustrating to the clinician since scientific prediction is based on probability rather than certainty. This frustration may lead to (1) denial of the usefulness of the scientific method, or (2) substitution of intuition. The relationship of clinical psychology to medicine, philosophy and psychiatry is

William A. Hunt

1951-01-01

17

APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM  

E-print Network

APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY of California, Davis, Medical Center Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2230 Stockton Blvd Start date Expected date of completion: Academic History Graduate School/University Major Degree Date

Yoo, S. J. Ben

18

The Department of Psychology conducts research and applied training at the doctoral level in Clinical Psychology and Applied Social Psychology. The Clinical  

E-print Network

Fall 2013 Overview The Department of Psychology conducts research and applied training at the doctoral level in Clinical Psychology and Applied Social Psychology. The Clinical Psychology Program is accredited by both the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) and the American Psychological Association

19

Revised Sept 2010 CRICOS Provider #00120C Department of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Revised Sept 2010 CRICOS Provider #00120C Department of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology This form must be returned to the ANU with your formal application for study by 31 Psychology (coursework) 9063 Doctor of Psychology (Clinical) (research) 9064 Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical

Botea, Adi

20

Revised May 2013 CRICOS Provider #00120C Research School of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Revised May 2013 CRICOS Provider #00120C Research School of Psychology Supplementary Information for Clinical Psychology This form must be returned to the ANU with your formal application for study by 31 Psychology (coursework) 9063 Doctor of Psychology (Clinical) (research) 9064 Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical

Botea, Adi

21

Understanding egorrhea from cultural-clinical psychology  

PubMed Central

Based on his observations in Japanese clinical settings, Fujinawa (1972) conceptualized egorrhea syndrome, which includes symptoms such as erythrophobia, fear of eye-to-eye confrontation, olfactory reference syndrome, delusions of soliloquy, delusions of sleep talking, and thought broadcasting. The key feature of this syndrome is self-leakage, a perceived sense that one's personal internal information, such as feelings and thoughts, are leaking out. To reach a more comprehensive understanding of egorrhea, this paper aims to present general overview and reconsider the phenomenon of self-leakage using cultural-clinical psychology as a framework. First, the symptoms of egorrhea are reviewed in relation to other related psychopathologies such as social anxiety disorder (SAD) and taijin kyofusho (TKS), as well as schizophrenia. Second, a series of empirical studies conducted using Japanese non-clinical samples are summarized. The results of these studies form the basis for subsequent discussions, which incorporates the cultural-clinical psychology perspective proposed by Ryder et al. (2011). This paper ends with a general discussion regarding implications for research and clinical practice. PMID:24348445

Sasaki, Jun; Wada, Kaori; Tanno, Yoshihiko

2013-01-01

22

What predicts performance during clinical psychology training?  

PubMed Central

Objectives While the question of who is likely to be selected for clinical psychology training has been studied, evidence on performance during training is scant. This study explored data from seven consecutive intakes of the UK's largest clinical psychology training course, aiming to identify what factors predict better or poorer outcomes. Design Longitudinal cross-sectional study using prospective and retrospective data. Method Characteristics at application were analysed in relation to a range of in-course assessments for 274 trainee clinical psychologists who had completed or were in the final stage of their training. Results Trainees were diverse in age, pre-training experience, and academic performance at A-level (advanced level certificate required for university admission), but not in gender or ethnicity. Failure rates across the three performance domains (academic, clinical, research) were very low, suggesting that selection was successful in screening out less suitable candidates. Key predictors of good performance on the course were better A-levels and better degree class. Non-white students performed less well on two outcomes. Type and extent of pre-training clinical experience on outcomes had varied effects on outcome. Research supervisor ratings emerged as global indicators and predicted nearly all outcomes, but may have been biased as they were retrospective. Referee ratings predicted only one of the seven outcomes examined, and interview ratings predicted none of the outcomes. Conclusions Predicting who will do well or poorly in clinical psychology training is complex. Interview and referee ratings may well be successful in screening out unsuitable candidates, but appear to be a poor guide to performance on the course. Practitioner points While referee and selection interview ratings did not predict performance during training, they may be useful in screening out unsuitable candidates at the application stage High school final academic performance was the best predictor of good performance during clinical psychology training The findings are derived from seven cohorts of one training course, the UK's largest; they cannot be assumed to generalize to all training courses PMID:24206117

Scior, Katrina; Bradley, Caroline E; Potts, Henry W W; Woolf, Katherine; de C Williams, Amanda C

2014-01-01

23

MAKING THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY CLINICALLY AND PHILOSOPHICALLY RELEVANT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses ways to make the history of psychology course relevant for a clinical psychology doctoral program within a multidenominational Protestant theological seminary. She uses a personalist orientation to emphasize the need to integrate psychology, philosophy, and theology. She differentiates among the intrapersonal, interpersonal, impersonal, and transpersonal dimensions of experience. She illustrates the rich multidisciplinary historical roots of contemporary

Hendrika Vande Kemp

2002-01-01

24

Predictors of Psychological Distress among Infertility Clinic Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated predictors of psychological distress among infertility clinic patients. Analyses indicated that infertile men and women reported greater psychological distress than the general population. Self-blame and avoidance coping significantly predicted psychological distress among men and women. Increased age and childlessness added to…

Morrow, Kelly A.; And Others

1995-01-01

25

Comparison of Counseling and Clinical Psychology Graduates on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Doctoral recipients in clinical psychology scored higher than doctoral recipients in counseling psychology on the national licensing exam, the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology. The largest discrepancies between the 2 groups were on Subtest I (diagnosis), Subtest II (intervention), and Subtest III (research). The differences were less large for Subtest IV (professional\\/ethical\\/legal issues) and for Subtest V (social application).

Marie Tomeo; Hiroko Arikawa; Donald I. Templer

2000-01-01

26

The Decade 1989-1998 in Spanish Psychology: An Analysis of Research in Personality, Assessment, and Psychological Treatment (Clinical and Health Psychology)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to analyze Spanish research published between 1989 and 1998 in clinical psychology and its most directly related psychological disciplines: personality psychology, psychopathology, differential psychology, health psychology, and psychological assessment. A search was performed in the various databases of the works published in that decade by Spanish university professors who investigate in these areas. Their

Jesús Sanz

2001-01-01

27

Revisioning Clinical Psychology: Integrating Cultural Psychology into Clinical Research and Practice with Portuguese Immigrants  

PubMed Central

This article outlines a model for conducting psychotherapy with people of diverse cultural backgrounds. The theoretical foundation for the model is based on clinical and cultural psychology. Cultural psychology integrates psychology and anthropology in order to provide a complex understanding of both culture and the individual within his or her cultural context. The model proposed in this article is also based on our clinical experience and mixed-method research with the Portuguese community. The model demonstrates its value with ethnic minority clients by situating the clients within the context of their multi-layered social reality. The individual, familial, socio-cultural, and religio-moral domains are explored in two research projects, revealing the interrelation of these levels/contexts. The article is structured according to these domains. Study 1 is a quantitative study that validates the Agonias Questionnaire in Ontario. The results of this study are used to illustrate the individual domain of our proposed model. Study 2 is an ethnography conducted in the Azorean Islands, and the results of this study are integrated to illustrate the other three levels of the model, namely family, socio-cultural, and the religio-moral levels. PMID:23720642

James, Susan; Harris, Sara; Foster, Gary; Clarke, Juanne; Gadermann, Anne; Morrison, Marie; Bezanson, Birdie Jane

2013-01-01

28

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the  

E-print Network

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the doctorate (Ph.D.) in psychology and for careers combining research and clinical practice. The program is fully accredited by the American Psychological Association

Thomas, Andrew

29

Issues in Psychology Clinical Psychology: The Scientific Status of Mindfulness-Based Psychotherapies  

E-print Network

a particular psychotherapy? Finally, we get to a detailed examination of three interventions, Mindfulness-BasedIssues in Psychology Clinical Psychology: The Scientific Status of Mindfulness-Based approaches to mindfulness-based therapy; and, 4) the empirical status of mindfulness- based therapy outcomes

Liu, Taosheng

30

Clinical Psychology PhD Program; Student Manual, page 1 Date last revised: August 1, 2014  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology PhD Program; Student Manual, page 1 Date last revised: August 1, 2014 Clinical Psychology Training at Syracuse University (Effective Fall Semester, 2014) The clinical faculty welcomes you of the Psychology Department The Psychology Department at Syracuse University (http://psychology.syr.edu) has

Doyle, Robert

31

Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America  

E-print Network

Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America Capital Area Food Bank (CAFB) Center for Community Health, Inc. Portsmouth Community Health Center Portsmouth Volunteers for the Homeless Riverside

32

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY UNIT  

E-print Network

-Buckley IAPT Secretary Gill Donohoe IAPT CBT Teacher Ann Swift IAPT CBT Teacher Helen Macdonald IAPT CBT Teacher Ingrid King IAPT CBT Teacher Head of Psychology Department Professor Paul Overton Honorary

Oakley, Jeremy

33

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY UNIT  

E-print Network

IAPT Programme Director Melanie Simmonds-Buckley IAPT Secretary Gill Donohoe IAPT CBT Teacher Paul Bliss IAPT CBT Teacher Helen Macdonald IAPT CBT Teacher Ingrid King IAPT CBT Teacher Head of Psychology

Stone, J. V.

34

Psychological Assessment Versus Psychological Testing: Validation From Binet to the School, Clinic, and Courtroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, psychological assessment is conducted with clients and patients involved in child custody and personal injury litigation. Clinical neuropsychologists are being asked sophisticated questions by attorneys regarding the validity of practitioners’ most highly respected tests. Research reviewed here bears on the validity of test-buttressed clinical opinions, including research related to the following psychometric properties of individual test scores: standard errors

Joseph D. Matarazzo

1990-01-01

35

Clinical Psychology: A Research and Development Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical research and development (R and D) model along with the rationale for its implementation and a sample training program for clinical psychologists. Although it may be possible to correct some problems by a clearer restatement of the scientist-professional model, a new model of clinical R and D has…

Broskowski, Anthony

36

Clinical Psychologist The Department of Psychology at Memorial University of Newfoundland invites applications for  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychologist The Department of Psychology at Memorial University of Newfoundland invites applications for a tenure track position in Clinical Psychology at the rank of Assistant Professor (VPA psychology programme, (2) will have completed a CPA or APA accredited internship in clinical psychology, (3

deYoung, Brad

37

Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology  

PubMed Central

How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10?years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed. PMID:23543213

Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

2013-01-01

38

Current Status and Future Prospects of Clinical Psycholog  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The escalating costs of health care and other recent trends have made health care decisions of great societal import, with decision-making responsibility often being transferred from practitioners to health economists, health plans, and insurers. Health care decision making increasingly is guided by evidence that a treatment is efficacious, effective–disseminable, cost-effective, and scientifically plausible. Under these conditions of heightened cost concerns and institutional–economic decision making, psychologists are losing the opportunity to play a leadership role in mental and behavioral health care: Other types of practitioners are providing an increasing proportion of delivered treatment, and the use of psychiatric medication has increased dramatically relative to the provision of psychological interventions. Research has shown that numerous psychological interventions are efficacious, effective, and cost-effective. However, these interventions are used infrequently with patients who would benefit from them, in part because clinical psychologists have not made a convincing case for the use of these interventions (e.g., by supplying the data that decision makers need to support implementation of such interventions) and because clinical psychologists do not themselves use these interventions even when given the opportunity to do so. Clinical psychologists’ failure to achieve a more significant impact on clinical and public health may be traced to their deep ambivalence about the role of science and their lack of adequate science training, which leads them to value personal clinical experience over research evidence, use assessment practices that have dubious psychometric support, and not use the interventions for which there is the strongest evidence of efficacy. Clinical psychology resembles medicine at a point in its history when practitioners were operating in a largely prescientific manner. Prior to the scientific reform of medicine in the early 1900s, physicians typically shared the attitudes of many of today’s clinical psychologists, such as valuing personal experience over scientific research. Medicine was reformed, in large part, by a principled effort by the American Medical Association to increase the science base of medical school education. Substantial evidence shows that many clinical psychology doctoral training programs, especially PsyD and for-profit programs, do not uphold high standards for graduate admission, have high student–faculty ratios, deemphasize science in their training, and produce students who fail to apply or generate scientific knowledge. A promising strategy for improving the quality and clinical and public health impact of clinical psychology is through a new accreditation system that demands highquality science training as a central feature of doctoral training in clinical psychology. Just as strengthening training standards in medicine markedly enhanced the quality of health care, improved training standards in clinical psychology will enhance health and mental health care. Such a system will (a) allow the public and employers to identify scientifically trained psychologists; (b) stigmatize ascientific training programs and practitioners; (c) produce aspirational effects, thereby enhancing training quality generally; and (d) help accredited programs improve their training in the application and generation of science. These effects should enhance the generation, application, and dissemination of experimentally supported interventions, thereby improving clinical and public health. Experimentally based treatments not only are highly effective but also are cost-effective relative to other interventions; therefore, they could help control spiraling health care costs. The new Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System (PCSAS) is intended to accredit clinical psychology training programs that offer highquality science-centered education and training, producing graduates who are successful in generating and applying scientific knowledge

Baker, Timothy B.; McFall, Richard M.; Shoham, Varda

2010-01-01

39

1 Programme Title Clinical Psychology 2 Programme Code PSYR09  

E-print Network

throughout Yorkshire and The Humber and the northern region of the East Midlands. The training contract is held by Yorkshire and The Humber Strategic Health Authority. The Sheffield Health and Social Care Trust psychological theory with practice in both academic and clinical work. 3. The skills, knowledge and values

Oakley, Jeremy

40

British Journal of Clinical Psychology (2004), 43, 245265 2004 The British Psychological Society  

E-print Network

data in a large non-clinical sample John R. Crawford* and Julie D. Henry Department of Psychology, King (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988b) and provide normative data. Design. Cross-sectional and correlational) is a 20-item self-report measure of positive and negative affect developed by Watson, Clark, and Tellegen

Crawford, John R.

2004-01-01

41

Mindfulness: A Dialogue between Buddhism and Clinical Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence for the effectiveness of mindfulness as a clinical intervention is quickly growing. Much of our current understanding\\u000a and application of mindfulness within clinical psychology has arisen from dialogue with Buddhist traditions, with the notable\\u000a exception of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. We wrote this article with two purposes: (1) to provide a concise review of\\u000a mindfulness within the Buddhist traditions

Chris Kang; Koa Whittingham

2010-01-01

42

Tobacco Training in Clinical Psychology Graduate Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leading cause of preventable death for persons with mental health illnesses, as well as those who live in poverty, is cigarette smoking. These marginalized groups are some of the key groups that clinical psychologists are trained to work with to improve the quality of their lives. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the extent of tobacco

JoAnn Kleinfelder; James H. Price; Joseph A. Dake; Timothy R. Jordan; Joy A. Price

2012-01-01

43

Tobacco Cessation Training in Clinical Psychology and Clinical Social Work Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the tobacco and smoking cessation training and curriculum in graduate clinical psychology and graduate clinical social work programs. The current status of the clinical graduate programs' tobacco education curricula was evaluated by using the Transtheoretical Model's Stages of Change. Perceived barriers to…

Kleinfelder, JoAnn

2009-01-01

44

(970) 491-MyHR (6947) Academic Faculty * Administrative Professionals * Post Doctoral Fellow * Veterinary and Clinical Psychology Interns  

E-print Network

* Veterinary and Clinical Psychology Interns CSU Benefits Plan (Cost Share) Privileges and Benefits #12 and Clinical Psychology Interns through employment with Colorado State University are summarized Doctoral Fellows, Veterinary Interns and Clinical Psychology Interns benefits and privileges are subject

45

Clinical construct validity of the Holden Psychological Screening Inventory (HPSI).  

PubMed

With a sample of 64 adult psychiatric patients, we examined the construct validity of the Holden Psychological Screening Inventory (HPSI) for a clinical population. Factor analysis supported the three-dimensional nature of the HPSI and the appropriateness of the instrument's scoring key. Reliability information confirmed the internal consistency of the inventory's scales. Clinical staff ratings were used as criteria, and analyses indicated that HPSI scales demonstrated convergent validity. Overall, findings extend previous nonclinical research on the HPSI and suggest that the instrument possesses construct validity for clinical applications. PMID:1401147

Holden, R R; Mendonca, J D; Mazmanian, D; Reddon, J R

1992-09-01

46

Clinical Psychology Training in Sleep and Sleep Disorders  

PubMed Central

There is growing evidence to suggest that clinical psychologists would benefit from more training in sleep and sleep disorders. Sleep disturbances are commonly comorbid with mental health disorders and this relationship is often bidirectional. In addition, psychologists have become integral members of multidisciplinary sleep medicine teams and there are not enough qualified psychologists to meet the clinical demand. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current education on sleep and sleep disorders provided to clinical psychology predoctoral students and interns. Directors of graduate programs and internships (N = 212) completed a brief online survey on sleep education in their program. Only 6% of programs offers formal didactic courses in sleep, with 31% of programs offering training in the treatment of sleep disorders. There are few programs with sleep faculty (16%), and most reported that their institutions were ineffective in providing sleep education. Thirty-nine percent of training directors reported they would implement a standard curriculum on sleep, if available. The findings from this study suggest that more opportunities are needed for trainees in clinical psychology to gain didactic and clinical experience with sleep and sleep disorders. PMID:19132641

Meltzer, Lisa J.; Phillips, Cindy; Mindell, Jodi A.

2009-01-01

47

Guidelines for clinical supervision in health service psychology.  

PubMed

This document outlines guidelines for supervision of students in health service psychology education and training programs. The goal was to capture optimal performance expectations for psychologists who supervise. It is based on the premises that supervisors (a) strive to achieve competence in the provision of supervision and (b) employ a competency-based, meta-theoretical approach to the supervision process. The Guidelines on Supervision were developed as a resource to inform education and training regarding the implementation of competency-based supervision. The Guidelines on Supervision build on the robust literatures on competency-based education and clinical supervision. They are organized around seven domains: supervisor competence; diversity; relationships; professionalism; assessment/evaluation/feedback; problems of professional competence, and ethical, legal, and regulatory considerations. The Guidelines on Supervision represent the collective effort of a task force convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs (BEA). PMID:25581007

2015-01-01

48

Exploring Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students' Attitudes towards Adults with Substance Use Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine whether clinical psychology doctoral students hold uniquely stigmatizing views of adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) compared to adults with other clinical disorders. Through the use of clinical vignettes and attitudinal measures, three hypotheses investigated clinical psychology doctoral students'…

Mundon, Chandra R.

2013-01-01

49

Beyond the score: clinical evaluation through formal psychological assessment.  

PubMed

Questionnaires generate numerical scores, but endorsing different sets of items could produce the same score despite reflecting qualitatively different configurations of clinical features. Formal psychological assessment (FPA) attempts to overcome this by identifying the clinical features entailed by observed response patterns. This study illustrates an application of FPA to the cleaning subscale of a questionnaire assessing obsessive-compulsive symptoms and DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder. A deterministic model of the items-criteria relationships was constructed by mapping each item to each diagnostic criterion. The resulting model was tested on a large community sample (N = 4,412). Results indicate that the theoretical model has adequate fit; item error rates and probabilities for each of the criteria are examined. Clinically relevant examples of the items-criteria relationships are discussed. Possible applications of FPA to personality assessment are also discussed, including long multidimensional questionnaires and questionnaires that use subtle item content. PMID:25257993

Bottesi, Gioia; Spoto, Andrea; Freeston, Mark H; Sanavio, Ezio; Vidotto, Giulio

2015-01-01

50

Relations between Prestige Rankings of Clinical Psychology Doctoral Programs and Scores on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed the relationship between "U.S. News and World Report" 2008 rankings of clinical psychology doctoral programs and scores earned by graduates on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP). For the top 25 programs, relationship between ranking and EPPP scores was not significant, r[subscript s] = -0.28. EPPP scores…

Townsend, James M.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2010-01-01

51

Empirically supported psychological treatments: the challenge of evaluating clinical innovations.  

PubMed

Clear and transparent standards are required to establish whether a therapeutic method is "evidence based." Even when research demonstrates a method to be efficacious, it may not become available to patients who could benefit from it, a phenomenon known as the "translational gap." Only 30% of therapies cross the gap, and the lag between empirical validation and clinical implementation averages 17 years. To address these problems, Division 12 of the American Psychological Association published a set of standards for "empirically supported treatments" in the mid-1990s that allows the assessment of clinical modalities. This article reviews these criteria, identifies their strengths, and discusses their impact on the translational gap, using the development of a clinical innovation called Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) as a case study. Twelve specific recommendations for updates of the Division 12 criteria are made based on lessons garnered from the adoption of EFT within the clinical community. These recommendations would shorten the cycle from the research setting to clinical practice, increase transparency, incorporate recent scientific advances, and enhance the capacity for succinct comparisons among treatments. PMID:25265265

Church, Dawson; Feinstein, David; Palmer-Hoffman, Julie; Stein, Phyllis K; Tranguch, Anthony

2014-10-01

52

Assessment of positive functioning in clinical psychology: Theoretical and practical issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology has led to an increasing emphasis on the promotion of positive functioning in clinical psychology research and practice, raising issues of how to assess the positive in clinical setting. Three key considerations are presented. First, existing clinical measures may already be assessing positive functioning, if positive and negative functioning exist on a single continuum (such as on bipolar

Stephen Joseph; Alex Wood

2010-01-01

53

Of Course: Prerequisite Courses for Admission into APA-Accredited Clinical and Counseling Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students often inquire about which psychology courses to complete in preparation for graduate school. This study provides data that enable students and their advisors to make research-informed decisions. We surveyed the directors of the 304 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology (97%…

Norcross, John C.; Sayette, Michael A.; Stratigis, Katerina Y.; Zimmerman, Barrett E.

2014-01-01

54

Behavioral and Psychological Assessment of Child Sexual Abuse in Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the behavioral and psychological assessment of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) in clinical practice. Following a brief introduction regarding definition and etiology of CSA and discussion on issues of behavioral/psychological consequences of CSA, the paper reviews the various approaches towards behavioral/psychological assessment in…

Malhotra, Savita; Biswas, Parthasarathy

2006-01-01

55

Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes: Compliance and Clinical Significance in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In 2005, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) became the first American Psychological Association (APA) journal to require statistical measures of clinical significance, plus effect sizes (ESs) and associated confidence intervals (CIs), for primary outcomes (La Greca, 2005). As this represents the single largest editorial effort to improve statistical reporting practices in any APA journal in at

Eric C. Odgaard; Robert L. Fowler

2010-01-01

56

Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes: Compliance and Clinical Significance in the "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In 2005, the "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology" ("JCCP") became the first American Psychological Association (APA) journal to require statistical measures of clinical significance, plus effect sizes (ESs) and associated confidence intervals (CIs), for primary outcomes (La Greca, 2005). As this represents the single largest…

Odgaard, Eric C.; Fowler, Robert L.

2010-01-01

57

British Journal of Clinical Psychology (1994), 33, 65-69 Printed in Great Britain 65 1994 The British Psychological Society  

E-print Network

square with 11 degrees of freedom. The suitability of the MD index for UK clinical practice was assessed percentage (i.e. 5 per cent). It is concluded that the MD index is suitable for use in UK clinical practice The British Psychological Society The Mahalanobis Distance index of WAIS-R subtest scatter: Psychometric

Crawford, John R.

58

Toward Improved Statistical Reporting in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Philip Kendall's (1997) editorial encouraged authors in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) to report effect sizes and clinical significance. The present authors assessed the influence of that editorial--and other American Psychological Association initiatives to improve statistical practices--by examining 239 JCCP articles…

Fidler, Fiona; Cumming, Geoff; Thomason, Neil; Pannuzzo, Dominique; Smith, Julian; Fyffe, Penny; Edmonds, Holly; Harrington, Claire; Schmitt, Rachel

2005-01-01

59

Clinical Validity of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62): Further Evaluation and Clinical Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-report instruments of psychological symptoms are increasingly used in counseling centers but rely on rigorous evaluation of their clinical validity. Three studies reported here (total N = 26,886) investigated the validity of the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2011) as an assessment and…

McAleavey, Andrew A.; Nordberg, Samuel S.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Castonguay, Louis G.; Locke, Benjamin D.; Lockard, Allison J.

2012-01-01

60

The Use of a Structured Case Presentation Examination to Evaluate Clinical Competencies of Psychology Doctoral Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the evaluation of clinical competence is an essential responsibility for all programs in clinical and counseling psychology, this task presents many conceptual and operational difficulties. The Clinical Proficiency Progress Review (CPPR) was developed to define and evaluate clinical competencies for third-year practicum students. Normative data for 911 students and 52 examiners over 10 years are presented. Outcomes yielded consistent

Patrick V. Petti

2008-01-01

61

Multicultural Training of Clinical and Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students: Ideals vs. Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Psychological Association (APA), which is the advocating body for the field of psychology, emphasizes the importance of multicultural competencies for researchers and clinicians (APA, 2003; 2010). Graduate students are the field's future professionals. The multicultural training of doctoral level clinical and counseling…

White, Bryana F. C.

2013-01-01

62

Professional Identity Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Clinical Psychology Trainees   

E-print Network

This is a constructivist grounded theory study of the impact of the clinical psychology flexible training scheme on the development of professional identity. Professional identity development involves the acquisition of ...

McElhinney, Rowena

2008-01-01

63

Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology  

E-print Network

Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology This program is jointly affiliated with the Departments of Psychology: Clinical Child Psychology Highly interdisciplinary program: see program website listed above for faculty

64

Generated on 03/14/14 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology  

E-print Network

Generated on 03/14/14 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology This program is jointly affiliated with the Departments of Psychology: Clinical Child Psychology Highly interdisciplinary program: see program website listed above for faculty

65

Adolescents and the Media: Medical and Psychological Impact. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 33.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aimed at primary care physicians and nurses, educators, and parents, this book reviews media effects on adolescent behavior and psychology. The book notes that television is a powerful medium to which adolescents are uniquely susceptible and how studies have shown television's ability to shape social attitudes. Theories of how television affects…

Strasburger, Victor C.

66

A role for clinical psychology in health care and policy concerning the physical environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some persons adversely react to specific environments, while others are impervious or actually thrive. Medical attention often overlooks such sensitivities to the physical environment. Such sensitivities, including phobias and seasonal affectivity, fall within clinical psychology's purview. A theoretical\\/clinical approach called the Synchronous Systems Model, which defines and uses individual differences in people and in settings, could serve medical health care

1995-01-01

67

Prevalence of psychological distress among patients at a physical therapy clinic specializing in sports medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the frequency with which patients at an orthopedic physical therapy clinic specializing in sports medicine experience clinically meaningful psychological distress, 200 consecutive patients were administered a standardized measure of psychopathology. Patients varied in terms of diagnosis, stage of rehabilitation, and level of athletic involvement. The physical therapist and athletic trainer responsible for the rehabilitation of a patient rated

Britton W. Brewer; Albert J. Petitpas; Judy L. Van Raalte; Joseph H. Sklar; Terry D. Ditmar

1995-01-01

68

The Four Psychologies of Psychoanalysis and Their Place in Clinical Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical psychoanalysis has led to the development of four conceptually separable perspectives on the functioning of the human mind. These are referred to herein as the psychologies of drive, ego, object relations, and self. Their clinical relevance is explored by applying them to issues regarding evenly hovering attention and the mutative factors in psychoanalysis. Those two areas, in turn, are

Fred Pine

1988-01-01

69

Exercise and clinical depression: examining two psychological mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine the antidepressant effects of exercise, and two previously proposed psychological mechanisms for this effect: self-efficacy and distraction.Method: A quasi-experimental design was utilized with participants (N=19) self-selecting to either a control or a 9-week exercise group. Dependent variables included severity of depression, coping self-efficacy, rumination, and distraction and were measured at study entry, 3 and 9 weeks later.Results:

Lynette L. Craft

2005-01-01

70

Psychological distress and post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level chosen at an urban clinic  

PubMed Central

Objective We investigated whether more psychological distress before an abortion is associated with the effectiveness of contraception selected (low, moderate, or high effectiveness) at an abortion clinic visit. Method Using data from 253 women attending an urban abortion clinic that primarily serves low-income women, we tested the association between pre-abortion psychological distress and the effectiveness level of post-abortion contraceptive choice. Based on typical use failure rates, we classified effectiveness of contraceptive choice into three levels—low, moderate, and high effectiveness. We measured psychological distress with four validated measures of depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms, and negative affect, as well as with a global measure comprised of these four measures. We used multivariable ordinal logistic regression to measure the association of each psychological distress measure with post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level, adjusting for sociodemographic factors, pregnancy history, trimester of abortion, and importance of avoiding pregnancy in the next year. Results We found that compared to women experiencing less stress symptoms, negative affect, and global psychological distress, women experiencing more stress symptoms [AOR = 1.028, 95% CI: 1.001-1.050], negative affect [AOR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01-1.09], and global psychological distress [AOR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.09-1.95] were more likely to choose more effective versus less effective methods, ps < .05, in adjusted models. Using dichotomous psychological measures we found similar results. Conclusions Women experiencing more psychological distress before an abortion selected more effective contraceptive methods after their abortions. Future research should examine whether this distress is associated with subsequent contraceptive use or continuation. Implications The current study suggests that contraceptive providers should not assume that women experiencing more psychological distress prefer to use less effective contraceptive methods. PMID:24094755

Steinberg, Julia R.; Tschann, Jeanne M.; Henderson, Jillian T.; Drey, Eleanor A.; Steinauer, Jody E.; Harper, Cynthia C.

2013-01-01

71

Demographic and clinical characteristics of UK military veterans attending a psychological therapies service.  

PubMed

Aims and method To investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of subgroups of UK veterans attending a dedicated psychological therapies service following the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) treatment model. Veterans accessing a newly established service in the north-west were categorised into three groups: early service leavers, those with a physical disability, and substance and/or alcohol misusers. Anxiety, depression and social functioning were measured pre- and post-treatment. Results Veterans vary in their demographic and clinical characteristics as well as in treatment efficacy, as measured by the post-treatment scores on probable depression and anxiety. Therapy appears to be most effective in early service leavers, whereas veterans with a physical disability or a substance or alcohol misuse problem tend not to do as well in terms of symptoms of depression or anxiety. Clinical implications This study highlights the importance of targeting different veteran subgroups for dedicated psychological therapy. PMID:25505626

Giebel, Clarissa M; Clarkson, Paul; Challis, David

2014-12-01

72

The clinical differential approach of Sante De Sanctis in Italian "scientific" psychology.  

PubMed

Sante De Sanctis, a psychiatrist and psychologist, is one of the most representative figures of Italian "scientific" psychology. He is considered one of the founders of the discipline as well as one of its main protagonists in the years between the two World Wars. Both with his extensive scientific productions (which include more than three hundred works) and with his uninterrupted institutional activity, he has left his significant mark on the history of Italian psychology. He was the first professor of Experimental Psychology and was internationally known: some of his works have been published in French, Swiss, American, German, Scandinavian, and English journals, and some of his volumes have been translated into English and German. Together with the other psychologists of the second generation (Binet, Külpe, Münsterberg, Stern, Claparède, Ebbinghaus), he was the Italian psychologist who decided to enrich the classical paradigm of Wundt's physiological psychology, by developing during the twentieth century the program of methodological and epistemological enlargement of the discipline. In his fundamental treatise Psicologia Sperimentale, written in 1929-30, a clear modern conception of psychology emerged: it jointly included both the generalist aspect (with some studies on psychophysical proportionality, thought mimicry, dreams, attention, emotions, etc.) and the applicative one, which included psychopathology, labor psychology, educational psychology, and criminal psychology, all seen in a general experimental framework. The present paper aims precisely to highlight the originality of De Sanctis' experimentalism that applied the differential clinical approach to the discipline of psychology, causing it for the first time in Italy to be seen in a unitary way as both general and applied psychology. PMID:19569448

Lombardo, Giovanni Pietro; Cicciola, Elisabetta

2006-01-01

73

Postgraduate Clinical Psychology Students' Perceptions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Stress Management Intervention and Clinical Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research into stress management interventions for clinical psychology trainees (CPTs) is limited, despite evidence indicating that these individuals are at risk for elevated stress, which can negatively impact personal and professional functioning. This study explored: (1) CPTs' perceptions of a previously evaluated Acceptance and…

Pakenham, Kenneth I.; Stafford-Brown, Johanna

2013-01-01

74

Accuracy and Exaggeration in Occupational Stereotypes Exemplified with Clinical Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduates (n=92) completed the Self-Directed Search from the perspective of a clinical psychologist. Results were compared to profiles of 25 practicing psychologists. Students overestimated clinicians' most salient interests and underestimated the least salient. (SK)

Damarin, Fred L.

1998-01-01

75

Research and publication: reflections on the research writing process during clinical psychology training and on writing for publication once qualified  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical psychology trainees often do not publish their research thesis or pursue research post qualification. This paper describes the author's reflections on writing for publication following clinical psychology doctoral training. The paper focuses on how this task was achieved alongside other competing demands as a newly qualified psychologist. The paper aims to offer encouragement to newly qualified and final year

Nenna Ndukwe

2011-01-01

76

Cliques and Cohesion in a Clinical Psychology Graduate Cohort: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, no published research has utilized social network analysis (SNA) to analyze graduate cohorts in clinical psychology. The purpose of this research is to determine how issues of likability among students correlate with other measures, such as disclosure, health, spiritual maturity, help in projects, familiarity, and ease of providing…

Kunze, Kimberley Annette

2013-01-01

77

Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit…

Maciel, Michelle

2012-01-01

78

The Effects of Creating Psychological Ownership on Physicians' Acceptance of Clinical Information Systems  

PubMed Central

Objective: Motivated by the need to push further our understanding of physicians' acceptance of clinical information systems, we propose a relatively new construct, namely, psychological ownership. We situated the construct within a nomological net using a prevailing and dominant information technology adoption behavior model as a logical starting point. Design: A mail survey was sent to the population of users of a regional physician order entry (POE) system aimed at speeding up the transmission of clinical data, mainly laboratory tests and radiology examinations, within a community health network. Measurements: All scales, but one, were measured using previously validated instruments. For its part, the psychological ownership scale was developed using a multistage iterative procedure. Results: Ninety-one questionnaires were returned to the researchers, for a response rate of 72.8%. Our findings reveal that, in order to foster physicians' adoption of a clinical information system, it is important to encourage and cultivate a positive attitude toward using the new system. In this connection, positive perception of the technology's usefulness is crucial. Second, results demonstrate that psychological ownership of a POE system is positively associated with physicians' perceptions of system utility and system user friendliness. Last, through their active involvement and participation, physicians feel they have greater influence on the development process, thereby developing feelings of ownership toward the clinical system. Conclusion: Psychological ownership's highly significant associations with user participation and crucial beliefs driving technology acceptance behaviors among physicians affirm the value of this construct in extending our understanding of POE adoption. PMID:16357351

Paré, Guy; Sicotte, Claude; Jacques, Hélène

2006-01-01

79

Psychological outcomes of different treatment policies in women with early breast cancer outside a clinical trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES--To assess outside a clinical trial the psychological outcome of different treatment policies in women with early breast cancer who underwent either mastectomy or breast conservation surgery depending on the surgeon's opinion or the patient's choice. To determine whether the extent of psychiatric morbidity reported in women who underwent breast conservation surgery was associated with their participation in a randomised

L J Fallowfield; A Hall; G P Maguire; M Baum

1990-01-01

80

White Clinical Psychology Trainees' Views on Racial Equity within Programme Selection in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of diversity in both physical and epistemological access to programmes in higher education is an important concern worldwide. In South Africa, as elsewhere, access to professional clinical psychology training programmes is extremely competitive, and there is an important imperative to diversify the student profile. Perspectives of black…

Traub, Craig M.; Swartz, Leslie

2013-01-01

81

Cultural Responsivity in Clinical Psychology Graduate Students: A Developmental Approach to the Prediction of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a mixed-method approach to examine students' experiences in multicultural training and their opinions about various aspects of their course(s). A developmental model of learning was employed to analyze results. More specifically, this study explored the relationship between clinical psychology doctoral students' self-reported…

Berrin, Sebastian Everett

2010-01-01

82

Functional limitations and survival following stroke: Psychological and clinical predictors of 3-year outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies predicting functional outcomes of stroke have mainly used clinical and demographic measures. This study examines\\u000a the additional predictive value of psychological predictors. A cohort of patients were assessed on 6 occasions between admission\\u000a to hospital and 3 years post-stroke, with 40 of the original sample of 101 being available at the final assessment. Demographic\\u000a variables, clinical indexes, and

Marie Johnston; Beth Pollard; Val Morrison; Ron MacWalter

2004-01-01

83

Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

2013-01-01

84

Rules of clinical understanding in classical psychoanalysis and in self psychology: a comparison.  

PubMed

This paper compares the rules that govern clinical understanding in classical psychoanalysis and in self psychology. The rules of understanding in the two systems are fundamentally different. Self psychology interprets causes and relies on interpretive rules similar to those used in allegory. Classical psychoanalysis investigates reasons and seeks to uncover the patient's own interpretive system. Self psychology refinds its own theory in the relation between elements disguised in the manifest content of patients' productions. Classical psychoanalysis seeks to open up manifest content. Where self psychology reiterates theory in its interpretations, classical interpretations move away from theoretical generalizations toward specific fantasy-memory constellations. Theory, in self psychology, organizes directly the content of interpretations; theory in classical psychoanalysis organizes a technique of exploration and furnishes general sequences according to which data can be understood. This paper also suggests that the differences in the rules of clinical understanding have potential consequences for psychoanalysis which manifest themselves in psychoanalytic training and in the capacity for self-analysis. PMID:2438323

Reed, G S

1987-01-01

85

Patient satisfaction with the clinical encounter: Social psychological determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient-practitioner transactions in the ambulatory setting have become an increasingly important focus for research in recent years. In particular, there is growing interest in providing empirical support for our anecdotal, 'common-sense' notions that clinical encounter experiences are a major determinant of outcomes such as the patient's satisfaction with the encounter. The present study was designed to look at this issue

Robert Like; Stephen J. Zyzanski

1987-01-01

86

Hispanic Masculinity: Myth or Psychological Schema Meriting Clinical Consideration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the significant upsurge in research on White males of European origin that documents a relationship between the construct of male gender identity (i.e., machismo) and physical and mental health, there is a clinical need to study and understand this construct and its relationship to health across diverse racial\\/ethnic groups, including, but not limited to, Hispanics. To help develop such

J. Manuel Casas; Burl R. Wagenheim; Robert Banchero; Juan Mendoza-Romero

1994-01-01

87

Do Special Occasions Trigger Psychological Distress Among Older Bereaved Spouses? An Empirical Assessment of Clinical Wisdom  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Mental health professionals have suggested that widowed persons experience heightened psychological distress on dates that had special meaning for them and their late spouse, such as a wedding anniversary or the late spouse’s birthday. This study examined the effects of such occasions on grief, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a community sample of older widowed persons. Methods. OLS regression models were estimated using data from the Changing Lives of Older Couples (CLOC) study, a large prospective probability study of late-life widowhood. Participants were interviewed prior to and both 6 and 18 months after spousal loss; married matched controls were interviewed at comparable times. Results. Widowed persons reported heightened psychological distress when interviewed during the month of their late spouse’s birthday, a post-holiday period (January), and in June, a month associated with wedding anniversaries and graduations in the United States. The distressing effects of special occasions on psychological symptoms were evidenced only within the first 6 months postloss, and were not apparent at the 18-month follow-up. Discussion. Our results support the clinical observation that persons in the early stages of spousal bereavement are at increased risk of psychological distress at times with special significance to the couple. We highlight methodological and clinical implications. PMID:23811691

2014-01-01

88

Survey Response Rates and Survey Administration in Counseling and Clinical PsychologyA Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports results of a meta-analysis of survey response rates in published research in counseling and clinical psychology over a 20-year span and describes reported survey administration procedures in those fields. Results of 308 survey administrations showed a weighted average response rate of 49.6%. Among possible moderators, response rates differed only by population sampled, journal in which articles were

Pamela S. Van Horn; Kathy E. Green; Monica Martinussen

2009-01-01

89

Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology: An Ethical Framework for Graduate Education, Clinical Training, and Maintaining Professional Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence-based practice is often acknowledged as the future state of psychology, yet those graduate students who will soon be applying such practices tend to hold several misconceptions about the major components within this framework. This review highlights implications for graduate education, clinical training, and professional competence in light of the movement toward evidence-based practice in psychology. These implications are discussed

Joseph M. Babione

2010-01-01

90

Core Competencies of Clinical Psychology Graduate Students Must Meet These Competencies at the "Meets Expectations" Level or Better  

E-print Network

in professional activities · successful completion of coursework · demonstrates ethical understanding and behavior · Reflective Practice · Self-Assessment and Self-Care · Professionalism Scientific method: DemonstratesCore Competencies of Clinical Psychology Graduate Students Must Meet These Competencies

Sanders, Matthew

91

Jack of all trades, master of none?: an alternative to clinical psychology's market-driven mission creep.  

PubMed

The authors C.R. Snyder and T.R. Elliott of this special issue's target article, "Twenty-First Century Graduate Education in Clinical Psychology: A Four Level Matrix Model" (this issue, pp. 1033-1054), are right that scientific distinctions should sometimes be de-emphasized in service of understanding the larger scientific vision. However, they take their combining too far, arrogating unto clinical psychology elements best left to their original scholarly disciplines. Snyder and Elliott simply present the next logical step in clinical psychology's longstanding tradition of "mission creep," broadening its focus to encompass new potential markets. Instead, the keeping and sharpening of disciplinary and subdisciplinary boundaries might best serve clinical psychology. The emphasis would shift from mission creep to building links with complementary disciplines and subdisciplines, to tackle issues that require true interdisciplinary scholarship. PMID:15965920

Heesacker, Martin

2005-09-01

92

The effects of psychological therapies under clinically representative conditions: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Recently, concern has arisen that meta-analyses overestimate the effects of psychological therapies and that those therapies may not work under clinically representative conditions. This meta-analysis of 90 studies found that therapies are effective over a range of clinical representativeness. The projected effects of an ideal study of clinically representative therapy are similar to effect sizes in past meta-analyses. Effects increase with larger dose and when outcome measures are specific to treatment. Some clinically representative studies used self-selected treatment clients who were more distressed than available controls, and these quasi-experiments underestimated therapy effects. This study illustrates the joint use of fixed and random effects models, use of pretest effect sizes to study selection bias in quasi-experiments, and use of regression analysis to project results to an ideal study in the spirit of response surface modeling. PMID:10900994

Shadish, W R; Matt, G E; Navarro, A M; Phillips, G

2000-07-01

93

Narcissism at the crossroads: Phenotypic description of pathological narcissism across clinical theory, social\\/personality psychology, and psychiatric diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review documents two themes of emphasis found in phenotypic descriptions of pathological narcissism across clinical theory, social\\/personality psychology, and psychiatric diagnosis. Clinical theories of narcissism spanning 35 years consistently describe variations in the expression of pathological narcissism that emphasize either grandiosity or vulnerable affects and self-states. Recent research in social\\/personality psychology examining the structure of narcissistic personality traits consistently finds

Nicole M. Cain; Aaron L. Pincus; Emily B. Ansell

2008-01-01

94

Evaluation of integrated psychological services in a university-based primary care clinic.  

PubMed

Primary care is increasingly moving toward integration of psychological services; however few studies have been conducted to test the efficacy of such an integrated approach. This paper presents a program evaluation of psychological services provided by doctoral trainees in clinical and counseling psychology within a primary care clinic at an urban academic medical center. It includes: (1) a description of the program, including types of patients served, their presenting problems, and treatments administered and; (2) evidence of the impact of behavioral health services on primary care patients' emotional adjustment and progress on behavioral goals. Intake and follow-up measures of depression, anxiety, smoking, insomnia, chronic pain, and weight loss were collected on 452 adult patients (mean age = 52; 59 % African-American; 35 % uninsured) who were provided brief interventions (mean visits = 2.2) over a 16-month period. Although conclusions are limited by the lack of a control or comparison group, preliminary findings indicate that the integrated behavioral health services provided were effective. Implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:24165929

Sadock, Elizabeth; Auerbach, Stephen M; Rybarczyk, Bruce; Aggarwal, Arpita

2014-03-01

95

Effects of sub-clinical psychosis and cognitive insight on psychological well-being: A structural equation model.  

PubMed

Psychological well-being has been widely researched along the psychosis spectrum, and increased psychotic symptoms are generally associated with worse well-being. Additionally, the construct of insight has been extensively studied in schizophrenia. While having greater insight has many benefits for those with schizophrenia, a paradox exists in which greater insight is also associated with poorer psychological well-being. However, it is unclear whether the link between insight and poor well-being occurs only once serious psychopathology has been established, or whether this is a more universal process seen even at lower levels on the psychosis spectrum. We used a structural modeling approach in an ethnically diverse, non-clinical sample of 420 undergraduates to evaluate the association between sub-clinical psychosis, cognitive insight and psychological well-being. As hypothesized, results indicated that sub-clinical psychotic symptoms were negatively associated with psychological well-being. The insight paradox was also substantiated, as greater cognitive insight was associated with worse psychological well-being. However, cognitive insight did not moderate the association between symptoms and well-being. The link between sub-clinical psychotic symptoms and psychological well-being as well as the insight paradox appears to emerge even before reaching threshold for a psychotic disorder. Research and clinical implications are discussed. PMID:25618474

Weintraub, Marc J; Weisman de Mamani, Amy

2015-03-30

96

Occupational Health Psychology: The Convergence of Health and Clinical Psychology With Public Health and Preventive Medicine in an Organizational Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational health psychology (OHP) applies psychology in organizational settings for the improvement of work life, the protection and safety of workers, and the promotion of healthy work. This article has three sections, the first of which offers a historical and educational perspective on this emerging field, which actually dates to the turn of the past century in America. The second

James Campbell Quick

1999-01-01

97

Loneliness correlates in advanced alcohol abusers. II. Clinical and psychological factors.  

PubMed

The current study was performed in order to extend a preceding correlational analysis of loneliness to clinical and psychological parameters in a sample of 95 alcohol abusers. The alcoholics were examined twice with an approximate interval fo two years. In the preceding analysis of social factors and needs, the lonely abuser appeared as discontented and somewhat passive in essential life-spheres. This pattern was highly confirmed in the current study. In the psychological part, life-dissatisfaction and indolence were especially pronounced by the lonely abusers. The association between loneliness and lack of self-esteem was also extraordinarily marked, while the relations to some neurotic-tinged parameters were at a more ordinary level. In the clinical psychiatric part of the study, a number of relations of medium degree confirmed the link to psychopathology. Achievements on the intellectual tests were nonrelated to loneliness, as were also most of the biochemical laboratory test results. The main conclusion was that loneliness primarily is a sensitive indicator of perceived quality of life and attitude to life as a whole. PMID:3685923

Hörnquist, J O; Akerlind, I

1987-01-01

98

How can psychological science inform research about genetic counseling for clinical genomic sequencing?  

PubMed

Next generation genomic sequencing technologies (including whole genome or whole exome sequencing) are being increasingly applied to clinical care. Yet, the breadth and complexity of sequencing information raise questions about how best to communicate and return sequencing information to patients and families in ways that facilitate comprehension and optimal health decisions. Obtaining answers to such questions will require multidisciplinary research. In this paper, we focus on how psychological science research can address questions related to clinical genomic sequencing by explaining emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes in response to different types of genomic sequencing information (e.g., diagnostic results and incidental findings). We highlight examples of psychological science that can be applied to genetic counseling research to inform the following questions: (1) What factors influence patients' and providers' informational needs for developing an accurate understanding of what genomic sequencing results do and do not mean?; (2) How and by whom should genomic sequencing results be communicated to patients and their family members?; and (3) How do patients and their families respond to uncertainties related to genomic information? PMID:25488723

Khan, Cynthia M; Rini, Christine; Bernhardt, Barbara A; Roberts, J Scott; Christensen, Kurt D; Evans, James P; Brothers, Kyle B; Roche, Myra I; Berg, Jonathan S; Henderson, Gail E

2015-04-01

99

Clinical and psychological telemonitoring and telecare of high risk heart failure patients.  

PubMed

We conducted a trial of telemonitoring and telecare for patients with chronic heart failure leaving hospital after being treated for clinical instability. Eighty patients were randomized before hospital discharge to a usual care group (n=40: follow-up at the outpatient clinic) or to an integrated management group (n=40: patients learned to use a handheld PDA and kept in touch daily with the monitoring centre). At enrolment, the groups were similar for all clinical variables. At one-year follow-up, integrated management patients showed better adherence, reduced anxiety and depression, and lower NYHA class and plasma levels of BNP with respect to the usual care patients (e.g. NYHA class 2.1 vs 2.4, P<0.02). Mortality and hospital re-admissions for congestive heart failure were also reduced in integrated management patients (P<0.05). Integrated management was more expensive than usual care, although the cost of adverse events was 42% lower. In heart failure patients at high risk of relapse, the regular acquisition of simple clinical information and the possibility for the patient to contact the clinical staff improved drug titration, produced better psychological status and quality of life, and reduced hospitalizations for heart failure. PMID:25339632

Villani, Alessandra; Malfatto, Gabriella; Compare, Angelo; Della Rosa, Francesco; Bellardita, Lara; Branzi, Giovanna; Molinari, Enrico; Parati, Gianfranco

2014-12-01

100

The psychological profile of parents who volunteer their children for clinical research: a controlled study.  

PubMed Central

Three standard psychometric tests were administered to parents who volunteered their children for a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a new asthma drug and to a control group of parents whose children were eligible for the trial but had declined the invitation. The trial took place at a children's hospital in Australia. The subjects comprised 68 parents who had volunteered their children and 42 who had not, a participation rate of 94 per cent and 70 per cent, respectively. The responses of these parents to the Gordon Survey of Interpersonal Values Questionnaire, the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and the Cattell Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire were analysed by computer. There was a marked difference between the psychological profiles of the two groups of parents. Volunteering parents put more value on benevolence while non-volunteering parents were more concerned with power and prestige. The self-esteem of volunteering parents was much lower than that of non-volunteering parents. Finally, volunteering parents were more introverted, exhibited greater anxiety and low supergo, while non-volunteering parents appeared to have greater social confidence and emotional stability. Since an individual's values, self-esteem and personality may be important antecedents of behaviour, these findings suggest that parents who volunteer their children for clinical research are not only socially disadvantaged and emotionally vulnerable, but may also be psychologically predisposed to volunteering. Furthermore, these findings provide evidence for the existence of a psychosocial 'filter' effect of the informed consent procedure, which may be discouraging the better educated, more privileged and psychologically resilient members of society from participation as research subjects. PMID:1619628

Harth, S C; Johnstone, R R; Thong, Y H

1992-01-01

101

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

102

A Hospital Medical Staff Psychology Department: The Interface of Medical Education, Postdoctoral Psychology Training, Clinical Practice, and Medical Staff Membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the organization and development of the free-standing medical staff department of psychology at Hurley Medical Center (HMC) in Flint, Michigan. Housed in a tertiary care teaching hospital of Michigan State University College of Human Medicine (MSU\\/CHM), the department is unique in its independence and parity within the organized medical staff. The description herein follows the 10 organizational variables

Michael E. Lechner; Kirk J. Stucky

2000-01-01

103

[Clinical and preventive intervention in eating behaviour: a dialogue between psychology and nutritional sciences].  

PubMed

The eating habits modification is a clinical challenge, both on therapeutic and preventive levels, which requires tools from various areas of health, such as psychology and nutrition. In the structured work in these areas, that includes the referral to specialist consultants, there is a need of a first intervention in Primary Health Care, in clinical and community levels. In this paper, we attempt to systematize useful information for intervention. We will start by reviewing some important interviewing skills, some models of motivational interviewing, and we will make a brief reflection about the client. Then we will analyse an individual case structured in two complementary levels of interpretation: a closer look in general factors and another that reflect the antecedents, consequences and the description of the behaviour problem. We will also tackle issues related to the context in which the individual moves. We will analyse some group intervention programs within a clinical and preventive perspectives. Finally, we will discuss some concepts related to therapeutic adherence. PMID:22863479

Tinoco, Rui; Paiva, Isabel

2011-12-01

104

"A brilliant and many-sided personality": Jessie Margaret Murray, founder of the Medico-Psychological Clinic.  

PubMed

This paper outlines the life and career of Jessie Margaret Murray, the moving spirit behind the foundation of the Medico-Psychological Clinic, the first public clinic in Britain to offer psychoanalytic therapy and training in psychoanalysis. Biographical details of Murray and her close friend and collaborator, Julia Turner, are presented, and possible routes by which the two women may have met are explored. Murray's role in the suffragist movement is described, as well as other networks and professional societies in which she was involved, in particular the British Society for the Study of Sex Psychology, and her relationship with Marie Stopes. An account is given of events leading up to the founding of the Clinic, its activities, Murray's death, and other factors contributing to its demise. Finally, the Clinic's heritage and implications of the personalities of Murray and Turner for understanding the subsequent development of psycho-analysis in Britain are considered. PMID:19360892

Valentine, Elizabeth R

2009-01-01

105

Critical Thinking about Adverse Drug Effects: Lessons from the Psychology of Risk and Medical Decision-Making for Clinical Psychopharmacology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systematic biases in decision-making have been well characterized in medical and nonmedical fields but mostly ignored in clinical psychopharmacology. The purpose of this paper is to sensitize clinicians who prescribe psychiatric drugs to the issues of the psychology of risk, especially as they pertain to the risk of side effects. Specifically, the present analysis focuses on heuristic organization and framing

Andrew A. Nierenberg; Jordan W. Smoller; Polina Eidelman; Yelena P. Wu; Claire A. Tilley

2008-01-01

106

Interprofessional Clinical Education for Occupational Therapy and Psychology Students: A Social Skills Training Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interprofessional clinical learning experience was developed for pre-licensure occupational therapy (OT) and psychology graduate students. Students worked in interprofessional teams to plan and implement a social skills training program for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objectives were to provide a hands-on, student-led clinical experience; facilitate interprofessional collaborative learning through leadership partnerships and teach children with ASD to

Dana M. Howell; Peggy Whitman; Myra Beth Bundy

2012-01-01

107

NeuroVR: an open source virtual reality platform for clinical psychology and behavioral neurosciences.  

PubMed

In the past decade, the use of virtual reality for clinical and research applications has become more widespread. However, the diffusion of this approach is still limited by three main issues: poor usability, lack of technical expertise among clinical professionals, and high costs. To address these challenges, we introduce NeuroVR (http://www.neurovr.org--http://www.neurotiv.org), a cost-free virtual reality platform based on open-source software, that allows non-expert users to adapt the content of a pre-designed virtual environment to meet the specific needs of the clinical or experimental setting. Using the NeuroVR Editor, the user can choose the appropriate psychological stimuli/stressors from a database of objects (both 2D and 3D) and videos, and easily place them into the virtual environment. The edited scene can then be visualized in the NeuroVR Player using either immersive or non-immersive displays. Currently, the NeuroVR library includes different virtual scenes (apartment, office, square, supermarket, park, classroom, etc.), covering two of the most studied clinical applications of VR: specific phobias and eating disorders. The NeuroVR Editor is based on Blender (http://www.blender.org), the open source, cross-platform suite of tools for 3D creation, and is available as a completely free resource. An interesting feature of the NeuroVR Editor is the possibility to add new objects to the database. This feature allows the therapist to enhance the patient's feeling of familiarity and intimacy with the virtual scene, i.e., by using photos or movies of objects/people that are part of the patient's daily life, thereby improving the efficacy of the exposure. The NeuroVR platform runs on standard personal computers with Microsoft Windows; the only requirement for the hardware is related to the graphics card, which must support OpenGL. PMID:17377310

Riva, Giuseppe; Gaggioli, Andrea; Villani, Daniela; Preziosa, Alessandra; Morganti, Francesca; Corsi, Riccardo; Faletti, Gianluca; Vezzadini, Luca

2007-01-01

108

Twenty years of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings: we hope you will enjoy the show.  

PubMed

The 20th anniversary of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings is celebrated by highlighting the scientist-practitioner philosophy on which it was founded. The goal of the Journal-to provide an outlet for evidence-based approaches to healthcare that underscore the important scientific and clinical contributions of psychology in medical settings-is discussed. The contemporary relevance of this approach is related to the current implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care and its focus on accountability and the development of an interprofessional healthcare workforce; both of which have been foci of the Journal throughout its history and will continue to be so into the future. Several recommendations of future topic areas for the Journal to highlight regarding scientific, practice, policy, and education and training in professional health service psychology are offered. Successfully addressing these topics will support the growth of the field of psychology in the ever evolving healthcare system of the future and continue ensure that the Journal is a key source of professional information in health service psychology. PMID:24492915

Rozensky, Ronald H; Tovian, Steven M; Sweet, Jerry J

2014-03-01

109

Correlation of clinical findings, collision parameters, and psychological factors in the outcome of whiplash associated disorders  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine prognostic factors for the duration and severity of acute symptoms in subjects with grade 1 or 2 whiplash injuries. Methods: Collision victims presenting to a trauma centre with spinal pain or stiffness were assessed clinically (including a visual analogue scale (VAS)), radiologically, and psychologically (short form 36 (SF36), everyday life quality (EDLQ), pain control questionnaire (FSR)). Collision type and estimated ?V (change in velocity of the occupant's vehicle) were also assessed. Assessment at six months involved VAS symptom rating, SF36, EDLQ, depression scale (CES-D), and impact of event scale (IES). Results: 43 consecutive collision victims (22 male, 21 female; mean age 29 years (range 19 to 72) with grade 1 or 2 whiplash associated disorders were assessed. Mean ?V, available for 36 of 43 collisions, was 13.9 (5 to 30) km/h. Thirty two (74%) of the subjects were available for follow up at six months. The mean duration of symptoms was 28 (1 to 180) days in this group. No correlation was found between severity and duration of symptoms and the ?V of collision or other collision parameters. Patients with initial pain VAS >5 or with duration of symptoms more than 28 days had significant changes in SF36, EDLQ, CES-D, and IES scores at six months, and had initial scores that were predictive of these outcomes. Conclusions: Psychological factors were found to be more relevant than collision severity in predicting the duration and severity of symptoms in collision victims with grade 1 or 2 whiplash associated disorders. PMID:15090574

Richter, M; Ferrari, R; Otte, D; Kuensebeck, H; Blauth, M; Krettek, C

2004-01-01

110

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

111

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

112

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

Heller, Barbara

113

OBJECTIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT AND CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF ANXIETY IN ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background A confounding factor in the diagnosis of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is the psychological state of the patient. Patients with underlying anxiety and related disorders may present with psychogenic reactions, which involve physiologic responses originating from psychological, rather than organic factors. Objective To examine the contribution of anxiety and related disorders to adverse drug events. Methods Participants from an

Debra Ong; Sandra R. Knowles; Neil H. Shear; Karen E. Binkley

2004-01-01

114

Federal Funds to Train Clinical Psychologists for Work with Underserved Populations: The Bureau of Health Professions Graduate Psychology Education Grants Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Bureau of Health Professions (BHPr) Graduate Psychology Education program (GPE), which supports projects that train health service psychologists for work with underserved populations. BHPr history and funding criteria are discussed, as are those of BHPr's parent organization, the Health Resources Service Administration. BHPr objectives and methods for support of clinical psychology training parallel those that BHPr

Gerald Leventhal; Jeff Baker; Robert P. Archer; Bradley O. Hudson

2004-01-01

115

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

Haykin, Simon

116

TEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University  

E-print Network

, of the following courses; social psychology, personality, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology, personality, developmental psychology, APA-accredited clinical psychology, or APA-accredited counselingTEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University Position: Temporary Assistant

Gering, Jon C.

117

Psychological and social aspects of infertility in men: an overview of the evidence and implications for psychologically informed clinical care and future research  

PubMed Central

Research concerning the psychosocial aspects of infertility and infertility treatment focuses more often on women than men. The aim of this review was to synthesize the English-language evidence related to the psychological and social aspects of infertility in men and discuss the implications of these reports for clinical care and future research. A structured search identified 73 studies that reported data concerning the desire for fatherhood and the psychological and social aspects of diagnosis, assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and unsuccessful treatment among men with fertility difficulties. The studies are diverse in conceptualisation, design, setting and data collection, but the findings were reasonably consistent. These studies indicated that fertile and infertile childless men of reproductive age have desires to experience parenthood that are similar to those of their female counterparts; in addition, diagnosis and initiation of treatment are associated with elevated infertility-specific anxiety, and unsuccessful treatment can lead to a state of lasting sadness. However, rates of clinically significant mental health problems among this patient population are no higher than in the general population. Infertile men who are socially isolated, have an avoidant coping style and appraise stressful events as overwhelming, are more vulnerable to severe anxiety than men without these characteristics. Men prefer oral to written treatment information and prefer to receive emotional support from infertility clinicians rather than from mental health professionals, self-help support groups or friends. Nevertheless, structured, facilitated psycho-educational groups that are didactic but permit informal sharing of experiences might be beneficial. There are gaps in knowledge about factors governing seeking, persisting with and deciding to cease treatment; experiences of invasive procedures; parenting after assisted conception; adoption and infertility-related grief and shame among men. Few resource-constrained countries have any data concerning male experiences of infertility. PMID:22179515

Fisher, Jane RW; Hammarberg, Karin

2012-01-01

118

Personality, Clinical, and Social Psychological Research on Blacks: Appropriate and Inappropriate Research Frameworks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides the structural framework for the theory-derived steady state approach, an emic (within-culture) research approach for certain fields of psychology to be applied to African-Americans and, when adjusted, to all persons of African descent. (BJV)

Azibo, Daudi Ajani Ya

1988-01-01

119

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

120

The relationship between psychological distress and traditional clinical variables: a 2 year prospective study of 216 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In this longitudinal study (12 and 24 months follow-up) of 216 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (E4 yr dura- tion), we assessed the strength and stability of the relationship between psychological distress and traditional clinical vari- ables, examined the ability of these clinical variables to predict changes in mental distress, and explored the directionality between mental distress and

L. M. SMEDSTAD; P. VAGLUM; T. MOUM; T. K. KVIEN

1997-01-01

121

The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain  

PubMed Central

A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased painrelated activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of today’s experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments. PMID:22445888

Jensen, Karin B.; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L.; Wasan, Ajay; Edwards, Robert R.; Gollub, Randy L.

2013-01-01

122

The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain.  

PubMed

A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased pain-related activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of today's experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments. PMID:22445888

Jensen, Karin B; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L; Wasan, Ajay D; Edwards, Robert R; Gollub, Randy L

2012-06-29

123

The psychological goods on clinical social work: a content analysis of the clinical social work and social justice literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this content analysis was to evaluate the extant literature on clinical social work and social justice. In July 2009, an online search of the university databases EBSCO Host (1988–2009) was conducted to identify articles on clinical social work and social justice. Thirty-six peer reviewed journal articles were identified and extracted. The majority were non-empirical articles (75%) published

Tina Maschi; Judy Baer; Sandra G. Turner

2011-01-01

124

Bridging neuroscience and clinical psychology: cognitive behavioral and psychophysiological models in the evaluation and treatment of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology have long been considered to be separate disciplines. However, the phenomenon of brain plasticity in the context of a psychological intervention highlights the mechanisms of brain compensation and requires linking both clinical cognition and cognitive psychophysiology. A quantifiable normalization of brain activity seems to be correlated with an improvement of the tic symptoms after cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS). This article presents broad outlines of the state of the current literature in the field of GTS. We present our clinical research model and methodology for the integration of cognitive neuroscience in the psychological evaluation and treatment of GTS to manage chronic tic symptoms. PMID:24795782

Lavoie, Marc E; Leclerc, Julie; O’Connor, Kieron P

2013-01-01

125

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

text book: Taylor, S. E. & Daniel, E. L. (2012). PSY 320 Health Psychology: Selected Material from1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8:30-9:50 a.m. 432-1811 office Psychology Building 118 353-5015 floor office harrellz@msu.edu Office Hours

Liu, Taosheng

126

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

Liu, Taosheng

127

Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.  

PubMed

Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

Haslam, S Alexander

2014-03-01

128

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to management of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) without antibiotics. Methods Psychological measures were collected by postal questionnaire survey from a random sample of general practitioners (GPs) in Scotland. The outcome measures were clinical behaviour (using antibiotic prescription rates as a proxy indicator), behavioural simulation (scenario-based decisions to managing URTI with or without antibiotics) and behavioural intention (general intention to managing URTI without antibiotics). Explanatory variables were the constructs within the following theories: Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), Common Sense Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM), Operant Learning Theory (OLT), Implementation Intention (II), Stage Model (SM), and knowledge (a non-theoretical construct). For each outcome measure, multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictive value of each theoretical model individually. Following this 'theory level' analysis, a 'cross theory' analysis was conducted to investigate the combined predictive value of all significant individual constructs across theories. Results All theories were tested, but only significant results are presented. When predicting behaviour, at the theory level, OLT explained 6% of the variance and, in a cross theory analysis, OLT 'evidence of habitual behaviour' also explained 6%. When predicting behavioural simulation, at the theory level, the proportion of variance explained was: TPB, 31%; SCT, 26%; II, 6%; OLT, 24%. GPs who reported having already decided to change their management to try to avoid the use of antibiotics made significantly fewer scenario-based decisions to prescribe. In the cross theory analysis, perceived behavioural control (TPB), evidence of habitual behaviour (OLT), CS-SRM cause (chance/bad luck), and intention entered the equation, together explaining 36% of the variance. When predicting intention, at the theory level, the proportion of variance explained was: TPB, 30%; SCT, 29%; CS-SRM 27%; OLT, 43%. GPs who reported that they had already decided to change their management to try to avoid the use of antibiotics had a significantly higher intention to manage URTIs without prescribing antibiotics. In the cross theory analysis, OLT evidence of habitual behaviour, TPB attitudes, risk perception, CS-SRM control by doctor, TPB perceived behavioural control and CS-SRM control by treatment entered the equation, together explaining 49% of the variance in intention. Conclusion The study provides evidence that psychological models can be useful in understanding and predicting clinical behaviour. Taking a theory-based approach enables the creation of a replicable methodology for identifying factors that predict clinical behaviour. However, a number of conceptual and methodological challenges remain. PMID:17683558

Eccles, Martin P; Grimshaw, Jeremy M; Johnston, Marie; Steen, Nick; Pitts, Nigel B; Thomas, Ruth; Glidewell, Elizabeth; Maclennan, Graeme; Bonetti, Debbie; Walker, Anne

2007-01-01

129

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

130

Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Long term management of patients with Type 2 diabetes is well established within Primary Care. However, despite extensive efforts to implement high quality care both service provision and patient health outcomes remain sub-optimal. Several recent studies suggest that psychological theories about individuals' behaviour can provide a valuable framework for understanding generalisable factors underlying health professionals' clinical behaviour. In the

Susan Hrisos; Martin P Eccles; Jill J Francis; Marije Bosch; Rob Dijkstra; Marie Johnston; Richard Grol; Eileen FS Kaner; Ian N Steen

2009-01-01

131

Attachment style and its relationship to working alliance in the supervision of British clinical psychology trainees.  

PubMed

Although the supervisory relationship is thought to be critical in training clinical psychologists, little is known about factors affecting the supervisory alliance. We conducted an Internet survey of British clinical doctoral trainees (N = 259) in which participants rated their supervisory working alliance, parental style during childhood, pathological adult attachment behaviours and attachment style for themselves and their supervisors. Trainees' ratings of the working alliance were associated with perceptions of supervisors' attachment style, but not with perceptions of trainees' own attachment styles. Path analysis supported a causal chain linking parental indifference, compulsive self-reliance, insecure supervisor attachment style and lower ratings of the working alliance. Our results broadly replicate data from a US sample and suggest that attachment theory is helpful in understanding clinical supervisory processes. PMID:20645272

Dickson, Joanne M; Moberly, Nicholas J; Marshall, Yehuda; Reilly, James

2011-01-01

132

[Real and psychological halitosis--findings, diagnoses and outcomes of a halitosis clinic].  

PubMed

Halitosis is a common problem among humans. The cause can be oral or non-oral. Psychological causes (psychosomatic halitosis) are to be ranked as exceptional. During a period of 18 months, 144 patients were examined and treated at the Halitosis-Consultation at the University of Basle. All patients were convinced that they suffered from bad oral breath. A specially developed questionnaire was followed by a dental examination and a diagnosis. When halitosis with an oral cause was diagnosed an exclusive cause-related therapy was initiated and regulary controlled. 84% of the patients had halitosis with an oral cause; non-oral causes were rare; 12.5% (n=18) had psychosomatic halitosis. Tongue coating, gingivitis and periodontitis were the most frequent oral causes, tonsillitis the most frequent non-oral cause. No correlations were found between smoking and halitosis, or stress and halitosis. Patients with psychosomatic halitosis had a significantly higher rate of antidepressants intake. These patients generally assessed their bad breath as very strong and omnipresent. Medical examinations and treatments carried out earlier showed that the assumption of doctors, dentists and patients that halitosis was mainly caused by gastroenterological disorders, is still widely spread. The positive results of 91.9% (objective) and 96.9% (subjective) confirmed the therapeutical concept of the "halitosis-consultation" at the University of Basle as highly successful. PMID:16524215

Filippi, Andreas; Müller, Nadja

2006-01-01

133

Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

Reiss, Allan L.

2009-01-01

134

General Exposure to Aging in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992 an APA inter-divisional task force identified three levels of competency for professional practice with older adults: Exposure, Experience, and Expertise. It was recommended that all generalist programs provide their students with at least the first level of competency. However, most enter the field with little-to-no academic or clinical

Olthoff, Jacqueline K.

2010-01-01

135

Handbook of Cross-Cultural and Multicultural Personality Assessment. Personality and Clinical Psychology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers includes: (1) "An Assessment-Intervention Model for Research and Practice with Multicultural Populations" (Richard H. Dana); (2) "An Africentric Perspective for Clinical Research and Practice" (Edward F. Morris); (3) "Myths about the Null Hypothesis and the Path to Reform" (Robert G. Malgady); (4) "A Construct-Based…

Dana, Richard H., Ed.

136

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING Clinical Mental Health Counseling Alumni Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Clinical care manager Crisis Work Substance Abuse Counselor Counselor/Case Manager at State University Outpatient psychotherapist Doctoral Student (5th year) Part time-private Substance Abuse Clinician Child Protective Services Primary Therapist-Tx center-Addiction Intensive in Home Therapist in Bx Health LPC

Thaxton, Christopher S.

137

Clinical and psychological correlates of quality-of-life in polycystic ovary syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been shown to cause a reduction in quality of life. This study examines the extent of different PCOS symptoms on quality-of-life, psychosocial well- being and sexual satisfaction. Methods: Complete metabolic, hormonal, clinical and psychosocial data were obtained from a total of 120 women with PCOS. Patients were compared with 50 healthy women to establish

Susanne Hahn; Onno E Janssen; Susanne Tan; Katja Pleger; Klaus Mann; Manfred Schedlowski; Rainer Kimmig; Sven Benson; Efthimia Balamitsa; Sigrid Elsenbruch

2005-01-01

138

Embodied and exbodied mind in clinical psychology. A proposal for a psycho-social interpretation of mental disorders  

PubMed Central

A brief theoretical review of the current state of the art of embodiment research in clinical psychology has been expounded in order to highlight the key role that embodied conceptualization has on the understanding and explanation of several mental disorders, such as eating disorders, schizophrenia and depression. Evidence has suggested that mental disorders may be explained as disturbances of embodiment, from the disembodiment to the hyperembodiment. In order to understand how some clinical conditions are affected by cultural models, we propose and define a new framework called Exbodiment, complementary to the Embodiment approach to cognition. Mental disorder is strictly related to the subject-culture interaction that may be explained as a two way process in which embodiment and exbodiment are complementary points of view. In this perspective, embodiment may be seen as the “top-down” process, while exbodiment the “bottom-up” one. The introduction of exbodiment conceptualization highlights how subject is both receiver and interpreter of social influence. Subject is the target of a cultural pressure and, at the same time, enacts its own embodied culture in world. Exbodiment conceptualization may help clinicians to better understand and explain the role of culture in the onset and maintenance of mental disorders. PMID:25784894

Zatti, Alberto; Zarbo, Cristina

2015-01-01

139

Sexual dysfunction in pre-menopausal diabetic women: clinical, metabolic, psychological, cardiovascular, and neurophysiologic correlates.  

PubMed

An increased prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been reported in women with diabetes mellitus (DM). Our aim was to evaluate correlates (psychological, cardiovascular, and neurophysiologic) of FSD in DM women without chronic diabetic complications. Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Michigan Diabetic Neuropathy Index (DNI), and the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy (SDN) questionnaires, metabolic variables, endothelial vascular function (flow-mediated dilation, FMD), echocardiography, and electromyography were studied. 109 pre-menopausal women (18-50 years) [48 with DM (14 type 1 DM, 34 type 2 DM, duration 12.6 ± 1.91 years), and 61 healthy women] received the above questionnaires; physical activity, smoking habits, parity, BMI, waist circumference, HOMA-IR index, fibrinogen, cholesterol (total, HDL, LDL), triglycerides, HbA1c, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, total testosterone, and estradiol were measured; echocardiography, assessment of intima-media thickness (IMT), FMD, ECG (heart rate and Qtc, indexes of sympathetic activity), and electromyography were performed. FSFI total score and score for arousal, lubrication, and orgasm domains were lower in DM women than in controls (P < 0.05); DM women had higher BDI, Doppler A wave peak velocity, DNI, and SDN score (P < 0.001 to P < 0.04). Doppler E wave peak velocity, peroneal, posterior tibial and sural nerves conduction velocity and amplitude were lower in diabetic women than in controls (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001). FSFI score was positively correlated with physical activity, Doppler E wave peak velocity, and peroneal nerve amplitude and negatively with BDI, parity, IMT, SDN, and HbA1c (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001). At stepwise regression, SDN score (negatively) and Doppler E wave peak velocity (positively) predicted FSFI score (r = 507, P < 0.001). In conclusion, cardiovascular and neurological impairments are associated with FSD in diabetic women. Follow-up studies are required to evaluate sexual dysfunction as a risk factor for future cardiovascular or neurological events. PMID:23677545

Cortelazzi, Donatella; Marconi, Annamaria; Guazzi, Marco; Cristina, Maurizio; Zecchini, Barbara; Veronelli, Annamaria; Cattalini, Claudio; Innocenti, Alessandro; Bosco, Giovanna; Pontiroli, Antonio E

2013-12-01

140

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of placing preventive fissure sealants  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological models are used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings, but have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. This study explored the usefulness of a range of models to predict an evidence-based behaviour -- the placing of fissure sealants. Methods Measures were collected by postal questionnaire from a random sample of general dental practitioners (GDPs) in Scotland. Outcomes were behavioural simulation (scenario decision-making), and behavioural intention. Predictor variables were from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), Common Sense Self-regulation Model (CS-SRM), Operant Learning Theory (OLT), Implementation Intention (II), Stage Model, and knowledge (a non-theoretical construct). Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictive value of each theoretical model individually. Significant constructs from all theories were then entered into a 'cross theory' stepwise regression analysis to investigate their combined predictive value Results Behavioural simulation - theory level variance explained was: TPB 31%; SCT 29%; II 7%; OLT 30%. Neither CS-SRM nor stage explained significant variance. In the cross theory analysis, habit (OLT), timeline acute (CS-SRM), and outcome expectancy (SCT) entered the equation, together explaining 38% of the variance. Behavioural intention - theory level variance explained was: TPB 30%; SCT 24%; OLT 58%, CS-SRM 27%. GDPs in the action stage had significantly higher intention to place fissure sealants. In the cross theory analysis, habit (OLT) and attitude (TPB) entered the equation, together explaining 68% of the variance in intention. Summary The study provides evidence that psychological models can be useful in understanding and predicting clinical behaviour. Taking a theory-based approach enables the creation of a replicable methodology for identifying factors that may predict clinical behaviour and so provide possible targets for knowledge translation interventions. Results suggest that more evidence-based behaviour may be achieved by influencing beliefs about the positive outcomes of placing fissure sealants and building a habit of placing them as part of patient management. However a number of conceptual and methodological challenges remain. PMID:20377849

2010-01-01

141

Positive results of clinical educational support in situations of psychological distress.  

PubMed

Education is a complex process that involves the individual in the course of his entire life and leads to the maturation and the overall development of his personality. The educational process involves the complete growth of each and completes the infinite possibilities that every child has potential since birth. Education also is a necessity for the human being, as only adequate environmental stimulation causes the mental processes to begin. In fact, the higher intellectual functions, such as language, thought, memory, emerge only from social and educational experiences of the child. The educational surgery creates experiences and learning that allow the person to change by improving the efficiency of synaptic connections. Clinical pedagogy has developed in Italy in the last decades of the twentieth century with the aim of research and experimenting educational purposes suitable for different situations in order to provide each subject with appropriate development opportunities. Clinical pedagogical support is offered in the form of artistic or bodily activities and represents for the individual a positive environment that allows the development of different brain areas and the potential inherent in them. The various methods are suitable for any situation of existential discomfort, which are understood as moments of personal growth. PMID:25413523

Tavormina, Dominique

2014-11-01

142

Applications of Generalizability Theory to Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Research  

PubMed Central

Using generalizability theory to evaluate the reliability of child and adolescent measures enables researchers to enhance precision of measurement and consequently increase confidence in research findings. With an observer-rated measure of child self-regulation, we illustrate how multiple sources of error variance (e.g., raters, items) affect the dependability (replicability) of scores and demonstrate methods for enhancing dependability of observer ratings. Using ratings of 181 children, we illustrate the use of two-facet (i.e., raters and items as sources of error) and three-facet (i.e., raters, items and occasions) analyses to optimize design features of future studies using this measure. In addition, we show how generalizability theory provides a useful conceptual framework for thinking about determinants of scores on acquaintance (e.g., teacher or parent) ratings, as well as observer ratings, and sheds light on the strengths and limitations of both types of data for child and adolescent clinical research. PMID:19130364

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2013-01-01

143

Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants.  

PubMed

The study comprised 24 male Lebanese refugees living in Denmark. Twelve of them alleged having been tortured in Lebanon during the period 1981-85. The remaining twelve had neither been imprisoned nor tortured and thus acted as control persons. All the testimonies were found to be valid according to a method previously used by the author. The most common forms of torture were blows against the head, body and foot soles, suspension and asphyxiation. Threats and solitary confinement were frequent, and sexual violations were also reported. At the time of examination (March-November 1986), the main complaints were headaches, various cardiopulmonary symptoms, sleep disturbances with nightmares, impaired concentration and memory, and emotional lability. Suicide attempts were reported. Prior to the torture all the probands had been healthy except for several cases of gunshot wounds. The clinical examination revealed different scars possibly related to torture in nearly all the cases. Missing or fractured teeth, peripheral nerve damage and mental depression were also found. The 12 controls had several mental and physical complaints, but significantly fewer than the probands. Almost all of them had scars from gunshot wounds. The present study clearly indicates that torture plus exilation has a more deteriorating effect on the health status than exilation alone. PMID:3209147

Hougen, H P

1988-10-01

144

Can Psychology Ethics Effectively Be Integrated into Introductory Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the integration of psychology ethics into an introductory psychology course. Students in two general\\u000a psychology sections were exposed to an infusion of psychology ethics in teaching, research, and clinical practice, whereas\\u000a students in two sections were exposed to traditional course content. Students completed a pre and post-test assessment including\\u000a a psychology ethics questionnaire and open-ended responses to

Renee’ A. Zucchero

2008-01-01

145

Teaching Clinical (and Nonclinical) Psychology through Applications to the Legal System: Violence Risk Assessment and the Insanity Defense  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prediction of dangerousness and the insanity defense are two areas where psychologists provide research-based expertise to the courts. Teachers of psychology can use these topics to capture the attention of students and to show how psychological research and theory can inform and influence the legal system. Specifically, teachers can use the…

Costanzo, Marina L.; Costanzo, Mark A.

2013-01-01

146

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to

Martin P Eccles; Jeremy M Grimshaw; Marie Johnston; Nick Steen; Nigel B Pitts; Ruth Thomas; Elizabeth Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2007-01-01

147

Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 6168, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

Depression is a mood disorder that is mainly characterized by a sad mood or the loss of in terest, 2000). Depression disorders are the leading cause of disability and contribute largely to the burden). To de- crease the onset of depression disorders, early psychological interventions, i.e., psychological

148

Senior house officers' work related stressors, psychological distress, and confidence in performing clinical tasks in accident and emergency: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between accident and emergency senior house officers' psychological distress and confidence in performing clinical tasks and to describe work related stressors. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey with data collected at four points during senior house officers' six month attachment to accident and emergency departments. SUBJECTS: 171 newly appointed accident and emergency senior house officers from 27 hospitals in the South Thames region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological distress measured with a 25 item questionnaire; confidence in performing a range of 35 clinical and practical activities (visual analogue scales); reported consultation stress factors, other work related stressors, and personal stressors. RESULTS: Overall confidence scores in carrying out a range of clinical and practical activities increased significantly between the end of the first and the end of the fourth month (Z = -6.05, P < 0.001). Senior house officers with higher psychological distress scores at the end of their first and fourth month had significantly lower confidence scores (Z = -3.20, P < 0.001; Z = -1.90, P < 0.05). Senior house officers with lower increases in confidence between the first and fourth month had significantly higher distress than those with greater increases (Z = -2.62, P < 0.001). Factors identified as causing stress during consultations included difficulties with communication, certain clinical presentations, and department organisational factors (particularly the intensity of workload). CONCLUSIONS: Psychological distress is linked to confidence in senior house officers. This supports the need to monitor and build confidence in senior house officers and to address work related stressors. Additional communication skills training needs to be considered. PMID:9116547

Williams, S.; Dale, J.; Glucksman, E.; Wellesley, A.

1997-01-01

149

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

Vertes, Akos

150

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

151

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

152

The Clinical Obesity Maintenance Model: An Integration of Psychological Constructs including Mood, Emotional Regulation, Disordered Overeating, Habitual Cluster Behaviours, Health Literacy and Cognitive Function  

PubMed Central

Psychological distress and deficits in executive functioning are likely to be important barriers to effective weight loss maintenance. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, in the light of recent evidence in the fields of neuropsychology and obesity, particularly on the deficits in the executive function in overweight and obese individuals, a conceptual and theoretical framework of obesity maintenance is introduced by way of a clinical obesity maintenance model (COMM). It is argued that psychological variables, that of habitual cluster Behaviors, emotional dysregulation, mood, and health literacy, interact with executive functioning and impact on the overeating/binge eating behaviors of obese individuals. Second, cognizant of this model, it is argued that the focus of obesity management should be extended to include a broader range of maintaining mechanisms, including but not limited to cognitive deficits. Finally, a discussion on potential future directions in research and practice using the COMM is provided. PMID:23710346

Raman, Jayanthi; Smith, Evelyn; Hay, Phillipa

2013-01-01

153

Sport psychology: psychologic issues and applications.  

PubMed

This article has briefly highlighted the area of sport psychology as it relates to performance psychology skills (mental training), including a historical overview and current topics overview. The use of mental training skills may be of interest to the practicing physical medicine and rehabilitation professional in the treatment of his or her patients. It is important that the physical medicine professional recognize what sport or performance psychology represents within the paradigm of psychologic interventions. Referring to an individual based on his or her training (licensed psychologist versus mental training consultant) is essential for the appropriate management of psychologic issues related to performance. The issues related to the psychologic rehabilitation of the injured athlete are of importance to the medical staff; the overview of affective responses can assist in understanding the normal and adaptive responses of the injured athlete. Finally, a brief description of a psychologist's role within a sports medicine and rehabilitation practice is presented. The psychologic issues that are present in the world of sport and elite performance are numerous, and not all are mentioned in this article. Issues of eating disorders, substance abuse, and psychologic health with athletes should be further explored within the physical medicine and rehabilitation discipline as well as in the sports medicine discipline. The ever-evolving psychologic dynamics of individuals involved in sport and elite performance are intriguing and unique. A specialized knowledge base, training, and experience in providing psychologic services are required to treat this unique population. Counseling and clinical issues of the athlete and elite performer require further attention in the realm of psychologic interventions, including further exploration of the efficacy of interventions for performance enhancement. The field of applied sport psychology may offer the physical medicine professional a unique perspective into the care of patients who are athletes and elite performers. PMID:16952750

Carr, Christopher M

2006-08-01

154

Do Web-Based and Clinic Samples of Gay Men Living With HIV Differ on Self-Reported Physical and Psychological Symptoms? A Comparative Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Although the Internet is commonly used to recruit samples in studies of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related risk behaviors, it has not been used to measure patient-reported well-being. As the burden of long-term chronic HIV infection rises, the Internet may offer enormous potential for recruitment to research and interventions. Objective This study aimed to compare two samples of gay men living with HIV, one recruited via the Web and the other recruited in outpatient settings, in terms of self-reported physical and psychological symptom burden. Methods The Internet sample was recruited from a UK-wide Web-based survey of gay men with diagnosed HIV. Of these, 154 respondents identified themselves as resident in London and were included in this analysis. The HIV clinic sample was recruited from five HIV outpatient clinics. Of these participants, 400 gay men recruited in London clinics were included in this analysis. Results The Web-based sample was younger than the clinic sample (37.3 years, SD 7.0 vs 40.9 years, SD 8.3), more likely to be in paid employment (72.8%, 99/136 vs 60.1%, 227/378), less likely to be on antiretroviral therapy (ART) (58.4%, 90/154 vs 68.0%, 266/391), and had worse mean psychological symptom burden compared to the clinic sample (mean scores: 1.61, SD 1.09 vs 1.36, SD 0.96) but similar physical symptom burden (mean scores: 0.78, SD 0.65 vs 0.70, SD 0.74). In multivariable logistic regression, for the physical symptom burden model, adjusted for age, ethnicity, employment status, and ART use, the recruitment setting (ie, Web-based vs clinic) was not significantly associated with high physical symptom score. The only variable that remained significantly associated with high physical symptom score was employment status, with those in employment being less likely to report being in the upper (worst) physical symptom tertile versus the other two tertiles (adjusted OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.28-0.62, P<.001). For the psychological symptom burden model, those recruited via the Web were significantly more likely to report being in the upper (worst) tertile (adjusted OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.41-3.44, P=.001). In addition, those in employment were less likely to report being in the upper (worst) psychological symptom tertile compared to those not in employment (adjusted OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.21-0.49, P<.001). Conclusions Our data have revealed a number of differences. Compared to the clinic sample, the Web-based sample had worse psychological symptom burden, younger average age, higher prevalence of employment, and a lower proportion on ART. For future research, we recommend that Web-based data collection should include the demographic variables that we note differed between samples. In addition, we recognize that each recruitment method may bring inherent sampling bias, with clinic populations differing by geographical location and reflecting those accessing regular medical care, and Web-based sampling recruiting those with greater Internet access and identifying survey materials through specific searches and contact with specific websites. PMID:25793749

Lampe, Fiona; Molloy, Tim; Sherr, Lorraine

2015-01-01

155

Psychologic outcomes in implant prosthodontics.  

PubMed

Consensus regarding outcomes of the treatment of tooth loss, especially the psychologic outcomes, is needed to guide discovery of best practices and enable a better understanding of patient management for this chronic condition. This paper presents the findings of the ORONet Psychological Working Group for prosthodontics and aims to identify psychologic outcomes with properties deemed critical to meet clinical trial and clinical practice needs for the future. References obtained using a PubMed/Medline search were reviewed for clinical outcomes measures of interest. Clinical outcomes measures were judged relative to the criteria of truth, discrimination, and feasibility. Of the psychologic outcome measures identified in this systematic review, only the OHIP-14 was thought to be suitable for use in general practice and multi-institutional outcome registries and clinical trials. Development of clinically useful psychologic outcomes for future use could benefit from developmental methods and tools outlined in the patient-related outcomes field of clinical care. PMID:23998140

Bassi, Francesco; Carr, Alan B; Chang, Ting-Ling; Estafanous, Emad W; Garrett, Neal R; Happonen, Risto-Pekka; Koka, Sreenivas; Laine, Juhani; Osswald, Martin; Reintsema, Harry; Rieger, Jana; Roumanas, Eleni; Salinas, Thomas J; Stanford, Clark M; Wolfaardt, Johan

2013-01-01

156

Research Review Psychology 1998-2004 November 2006  

E-print Network

.1. Cognitive neuroscience 17 3.2. Clinical psychology 17 3.3. Developmental psychology 18 3.4. SocialResearch Review Psychology 1998-2004 November 2006 #12;2 QANU / Research Review Psychology 1998 Review Psychology 1998-2004 Table of Contents Foreword 5 Preface 7 1. Research Evaluation Psychology 9 1

van Rooij, Robert

157

Assessing Student Interest and Familiarity with Professional Psychology Specialty Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined undergraduate psychology students' (N = 83) self-reported interest in and familiarity with five specialty areas in professional psychology: counseling psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, forensic psychology, and criminal profiling. Results suggest that although students are quite interested in careers…

Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Wiggins, Tina L.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2006-01-01

158

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

159

Psychological distress among patients of an orthopaedic outpatient clinic: a study from a low-income country  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Depression is common among general trauma patients and is associated with a poor outcome. We evaluated the relationship of psychological distress to physical injury, musculoskeletal complaints, and social factors in a low-income country. METHODS: We administered the Self-Rating Questionnaire (SRQ), the Oslo social support questionnaire, and the Brief Disability Questionnaire (BDQ). RESULTS: An SRQ score of 9 or more,

Nusrat Husain; Syed M Humail; Imran B Chaudhry; Raza Rahman; Holly Robinson; Francis Creed

2010-01-01

160

Developmental Course of Deprivation-Specific Psychological Patterns: Early Manifestations, Persistence to Age 15, and Clinical Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In chapter IV, the authors focused on their findings on the developmental course of deprivation-specific psychological patterns (DSPs). The authors rediscussed the syndrome concept in the light of two main considerations. First, the findings indicated substantial overlap among the four postulated DSPs at 15 years including CI and I/O before…

Kreppner, Jana; Kumsta, Robert; Rutter, Michael; Beckett, Celia; Castle, Jennifer; Stevens, Suzanne; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.

2010-01-01

161

Clinical Psychology Review. Vol. 17. No. 6, pp. 603419, 1995 Copyright 0 1997 Elserier Science I.td  

E-print Network

history of human violence thousands of years before the inven- tions of guns or television, or even increasingly sophisticated, evidence of violence among our ancestors has mush- This article was prepared while a long evolutionary history of violence. Contemporary psychological theories of aggression often invoke

Pillow, Jonathan

162

Effects of Mindfulness-Based versus Interpersonal Process Group Intervention on Psychological Well-Being with a Clinical University Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quasi-experimental study compared a group mindfulness-based intervention (MI) with an interpersonal process (IP) group intervention and a no-treatment (NT) control condition in reducing psychological distress among 112 students at 2 universities. At postintervention, IP and MI group participants exhibited significant reductions in anxiety,…

Byrne, Ciara; Bond, Lynne A.; London, Miv

2013-01-01

163

Biological, psychological and clinical markers of caregiver's stress in impaired elderly with dementia and age-related disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stress refers to the experience, produced through a person-environment transaction, that results in psychological or physiological distress. Everyday stress or hassles have a larger impact on health, in this frame caring for elderly disabled and\\/or demented persons have been shown to be a chronic role strain. The concept of stress and strain encompasses different levels of individual functioning (physiological, cognitive,

M. Neri; P. A. Bonati; M. Pinelli; P. Borella; I. Tolve; N. Nigro

2007-01-01

164

Psychological Needs, Service Utilization and Provision of Care in a Specialist Mental Health Clinic for Young Refugees: A Comparative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addressed psychological needs, patterns of service utilization and provision of care in a specialist mental health service for young refugees and asylum seekers in London. Comparisons were made between two groups with different levels of postulated mental health need: unaccompanied minors (UAMs; n = 49) and children accompanied to the UK by one or more primary caregivers (n

Daniel Michelson; Irene Sclare

2009-01-01

165

From Dunce to Doctor: A Critical Autobiography of a Dyslexic Doctoral Student Pursuing a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…

Hunt, David N.

2013-01-01

166

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

167

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

168

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

169

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

Burton, Geoffrey R.

170

THE GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN PSYCHOLOGY General Information  

E-print Network

. The latter offers specialization in four tracks: Cognitive, Developmental, and Social Psychology1 THE GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN PSYCHOLOGY General Information The department offers two graduate programs leading to an M.A. degree: one in Clinical Psychology and one in Psychological Sciences

171

Face transplantation: a review of the technical, immunological, psychological and clinical issues with recommendations for good practice.  

PubMed

Three years ago, the Working Party on Facial Transplantation concluded that until there was more information available about risks any potential patient would be exposed to, it would be unwise to proceed with transplantation of the human face. Over the last three years, there has been a deepening understanding of the potential psychological problems of facial transplantation as well as a very considerable debate on the ethical aspects of the procedure. Further data on experimental work in animal models of facial transplantation as well as medium-term follow-up data from 24 hand and forearm transplants in 18 patients has now become available. Furthermore, a partial facial transplantation has been performed in France and a second one in China. In this second edition of the report, the technical, immunological, psychological, and ethical issues are discussed again in the light of this developing knowledge. In particular, there has been a major expansion of the sections on the psychological and societal issues, as well as the ethical and legal problems of facial transplantation. The working party still has considerable reservations about facial transplantation. Although it accepts that on balance the risks cannot be precisely quantified, they remain substantial. Therefore, if patients are allowed to make an informed choice to proceed, they must be very carefully selected and protected in the process, along with the families of both the donors and the recipients. To achieve this, the working party insists that 15 minimum requirements, described at the end of this report, must be fulfilled before it would be appropriate for a research ethics committee/institutional review board to approve of a proposal to undertake facial transplantation. PMID:17264807

Morris, Peter; Bradley, Andrew; Doyal, Len; Earley, Michael; Hagen, Patricia; Milling, Martin; Rumsey, Nichola

2007-01-27

172

The development of a diversity mentoring program for faculty and trainees: A program at the Brown Clinical Psychology Training Consortium  

PubMed Central

There is a critical need for increasing the diversity representation among clinicians and researchers in academic medicine, including departments of psychiatry and psychology. Mentorship of under-represented groups has been identified as an important way to remediate diversity-related barriers in the field. This paper outlines the early development and pilot implementation of a diversity mentorship program at Brown University. In an effort to inform and guide future diversity programs, we discuss the challenges faced in creating the program, the successes experienced during the first year, and the future directions undertaken as a means for improving the program. PMID:25346563

de Dios, Marcel A.; Kuo, Caroline; Hernandez, Lynn; Clark, Uraina S.; Wenze, Susan J.; Boisseau, Christina L.; Hunter, Heather L.; Reddy, Madhavi K.; Tolou-Shams, Marina; Zlotnick, Caron

2013-01-01

173

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

Burton, Geoffrey R.

174

Using plain English and behaviourally specific language to increase the implementation of clinical guidelines for psychological treatments in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Inequalities in the implementation of recommended psychological interventions for schizophrenia persist. Writing guidance in a particular style has been shown to improve service user intention to implement the recommendations. This current study explored this further in healthcare staff members. Aims: Can behaviourally specific and plain English language improve healthcare intentions to perform actions in line with guidance for schizophrenia. Method: An independent measure, single blind, randomised control trial. Guidance was written and disseminated in two formats, the "original" and "alternative". Self-report measures were administered to assess the cognitive determents of behaviour as described by the Theory of Planned Behaviour, actual behaviour consistent with the guidance, comprehension and satisfaction with the guidance. Results: No significant results were found when comparing the original guidance to the alternative for the cognitive determinants of behaviour, actual behaviour, comprehension or satisfaction. Conclusions: Behaviourally specific and plain English language does not affect healthcare professionals' intentions or behaviour to implement recommended guidance for the provision of psychological interventions for schizophrenia. A more multi-factorial approach including organisational culture may be required. PMID:25279816

Ince, Paul; Tai, Sara; Haddock, Gillian

2014-10-01

175

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2014-04-01

176

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2013-04-01

177

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2012-04-01

178

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2011-04-01

179

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2011-04-01

180

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2014-04-01

181

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2012-04-01

182

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2013-04-01

183

20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2010-04-01

184

20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

2010-04-01

185

Psychology in Spain: Its Historical and Cultural Roots, Instruction, Research and Future Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roots in Spanish Psychology dated back to Huarte de San Juan (1575). From this period to nowadays, Psychology has notably developed, branching in different areas such as psychology and sports and physical exercise, clinical and health psychology, educational psychology, psychology of social intervention, legal psychology, work and organisational…

Montes-Berges, Beatriz; Aranda, Maria; Castillo-Mayen, Maria del Rosario

2011-01-01

186

Political and clinical developments in analytical psychology, 1972-2014: subjectivity, equality and diversity-inside and outside the consulting room.  

PubMed

Utilizing Jung's idea of theory as a 'personal confession', the author charts his own development as a theorist, establishing links between his personal history and his ideas. Such links include his relationship with both parents, his sexuality, his cultural heritage, and his fascination with Tricksters and with Hermes. There follows a substantial critical interrogation of what the author discerns as the two main lines of clinical theorizing in contemporary analytical psychotherapy: interpretation of transference-countertransference, and the relational approach. His conclusion is that neither is superior to the other and neither is in fact adequate as a basis for clinical work. The focus then shifts to explore a range of political and social aspects of the clinical project of analytical psychology: economic inequality, diversity within the professional field, and Jung's controversial ideas about Jews and Africans. The author calls for an apology from the 'Jungian community' for remarks about Africans analogous to the apology already issued for remarks about Jews. The paper is dedicated to the author's friend Fred Plaut (1913-2009). PMID:25331504

Samuels, Andrew

2014-11-01

187

I. Annual Report Executive Summary, 2008-09 Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

: Graduate · The Clinical, Industrial/Organizational, and Developmental and Biological Psychology doctoral1 I. Annual Report Executive Summary, 2008-09 Department of Psychology Learning: Undergraduate Polejaeva, a graduating senior, was named the 2009 Outstanding Psychology Senior. · Four psychology majors

Berkson, Jim

188

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology Faculty of Arts and Science Full-time tenure-track position of Professor of Clinical Psychology (Child) The Department of Psychology is seeking applications for a full-time tenure-track position at the rank of Assistant Professor of Child Clinical Psychology. Responsibilities

Parrott, Lael

189

Current development of counseling and psychological services in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a brief history and overview of the development of clinical psychology and counseling psychology in Japan and describes the current development of counseling and psychological services in Japan. Clinical psychologists are the largest group of mental health professionals providing counseling and psychological services along with, to a lesser degree, counseling psychologists. The major focus of this article

Darryl Takizo Yagi

2010-01-01

190

Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

Peterson, Christopher

2009-01-01

191

Substance misuse in depression and bipolar disorder: a review of psychological interventions and considerations for clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented high levels of co-morbidity between mental illness and substance misuse. This essay explores clinical practice issues relating to ‘dual diagnosis’ substance misuse in bipolar disorder and depression. Such misuse is common in this population, and presents a number of challenges to clinicians. Those with substance misuse have more severe symptoms and an increased risk of relapse. Assessment

Thomas H. Richardson

2012-01-01

192

Test Reviews: Bracken, B. A., & Howell, K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Depression." Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors review the Clinical Assessment of Depression (CAD), a 50-item self-report measure of depressive symptoms designed for children, adolescents, adults, and elderly adults from 8 to 79 years of age. Purporting to be sensitive to depressive symptomatology across the lifespan, the test items were written to reflect the…

Aghakhani, Anoosha; Chan, Eric K.

2007-01-01

193

Cocaine use among the College Age Group: Biological and Psychological Effects—Clinical and Laboratory Research Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though cocaine has been used by man for centuries for both medical and nonmedical reasons, a knowledge of its effect on the human mind and body remains limited and not yet clearly documented. Sources of information consist of myth, street knowledge, animal studies, and clinical and laboratory studies of man. This paper focuses on findings from the latter two sources.The

Armand M. Nicholi Jr

1984-01-01

194

Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement  

E-print Network

Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement Spring 2011 Instructor: Kate Hattrup, Ph.D. Office' ascription of others' work to themselves is to condone dishonesty, to deny the purpose of formal education

Gallo, Linda C.

195

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

196

PSY 796: Selected Topics in Psychology (3 units) Advanced Research Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

PSY 796: Selected Topics in Psychology (3 units) Advanced Research Methods in Psychology San Diego). Handbook of Research Methods in Developmental Science. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Clinical Kendall, P.C., Butcher, J.N., & Holmbeck, G.N. (1999). Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (2

Gallo, Linda C.

197

Psychological Interventions in Dermatology  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to introduce and emphasize the importance of psychological interventions for those with dermatological conditions. In keeping with the current literature, the author envisages a two-tier approach in the provision of such psychological interventions. Firstly, most patients with dermatology conditions may not require psychological change. Instead, they could be approached with effective doctor–patient communication skills, within a context of empathy and positive regard. At the second tier, however, based on the clinical interview, some patients may require varying degrees of psychological change in order to better manage their illness. In such a context, a dermatologist with training in psychotherapy would be required. In the absence of such a person, the patient may be referred to a psychologist or another mental health professional trained in psychotherapy. PMID:23372215

de Zoysa, Piyanjali

2013-01-01

198

Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: relationship between clinical and psychological factors and functional health status  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative contribution of cervical impairments and psychosocial factors to perceived disability among people with chronic whiplash-associated disorders. DESIGN: A total of 86 patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders participated in this observational, cross-sectional study. All patients were presented to outpatient physical therapy clinics. All patients completed the neck disability index. Depression, anxiety, and catastrophizing were measured with

Maarten A. Schmitt; Nico L. van Meeteren; Anton de Wijer; Frank R. van Genderen; Yolanda van der Graaf; Paul J. Helders

2009-01-01

199

Measures of Clinical Severity, Quality of Life, and Psychological Distress in Patients with Psoriasis: A Cluster Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of psoriasis on patients' quality of life may be quite destructive, and measures of disease status alone seem to have questionable validity in describing the true burden of illness. Our aim was to study, in patients with psoriasis, the relationship between classical measures of clinical status (i.e., PASI and SAPASI) and quality-of-life indexes (i.e., Skindex-29, Dermatology Life Quality

Francesca Sampogna; Francesco Sera; Damiano Abeni

2004-01-01

200

Application of a health-related quality of life conceptual model in community-dwelling older Chinese people with diabetes to understand the relationships among clinical and psychological outcomes  

PubMed Central

Aims/Introduction The present study applied the Wilson–Cleary model of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by using the structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to understand the interrelationships among clinical, sociodemographic and psychological characteristics in older people with diabetes. Materials and Methods This was a cross-sectional study with 452 Chinese older people with diabetes recruited from three primary care clinics. A series of assessments were made, including four instruments: the Chinese version of the Short Form 36 Health Survey, Older American Resources and Services Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire, Rand Mental Health Inventory and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey; and clinical outcomes (diabetes-related characteristics and physiological data). Results In the present study, we identified six patient individual and environmental characteristics, namely, age, sex, physical activity, psychological distress, social support and adequacy of income, that significantly influence HRQOL directly or by way of physical functional status and general health perception. Conclusions Improving social and financial support as well as providing interventions to promote physical activity and to cope with psychological distress in this patient population might be effective to eventually enhance their HRQOL. The present findings add to the literature the underlying complex biological and psychological processes of HRQOL, and take the body of knowledge in HRQOL of older people with diabetes to a theoretical level, and provide insights for development of appropriate strategies to optimize their HRQOL. PMID:25422768

Shiu, Ann Tak Ying; Choi, Kai Chow; Lee, Diana Tze Fan; Yu, Doris Sau Fung; Man Ng, Wai

2014-01-01

201

A Clinical-EEG Study of Sleepiness and Psychological Symptoms in Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy Patients Treated with Lacosamide  

PubMed Central

Our aim was to evaluate the EEG and clinical modifications induced by the new antiepileptic drug lacosamide (LCM) in patients with epilepsy. We evaluated 10 patients affected by focal pharmacoresistant epilepsy in which LCM (mean 250?mg/day) was added to the preexisting antiepileptic therapy, which was left unmodified. Morning waking EEG recording was performed before (t0) and at 6 months (t1) after starting LCM. At t0 and t1, patients were also administered questionnaires evaluating mood, anxiety, sleep, sleepiness, and fatigue (Beck Depression Inventory; State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Y1 and Y2; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Fatigue Severity Scale). We performed a quantitative analysis of EEG interictal abnormalities and background EEG power spectrum analysis. LCM as an add-on did not significantly affect anxiety, depression, sleepiness, sleep quality, and fatigue scales. Similarly, adding LCM to preexisting therapy did not modify significantly patient EEGs in terms of absolute power, relative power, mean frequency, and interictal abnormalities occurrence. In conclusion, in this small cohort of patients, we confirmed that LCM as an add-on does not affect subjective parameters which play a role, among others, in therapy tolerability, and our clinical impression was further supported by evaluation of EEG spectral analysis. PMID:24171111

Giorgi, Filippo S.; Pizzanelli, Chiara; Pelliccia, Veronica; Di Coscio, Elisa; Maestri, Michelangelo; Iacopini, Elena; Iudice, Alfonso; Bonanni, Enrica

2013-01-01

202

College of Science Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Science Department of Psychology Tel: +64 3 364 2987, Fax: + 64 364 2181 Clinical Psychology Professional Training Scholarship for Mori, Pasifika, or other ethnic minority students Eligible Psychology (PGDipClinPsych) at the University of Canterbury for 2011. Scholarship purpose The purpose

Hickman, Mark

203

School Psychology at Arizona State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scientist-practitioner program in school psychology at Arizona State University (ASU) is a cooperative and collaborative effort with (a) other educational psychology degree programs, (b) accredited programs in clinical and counseling psychology at ASU, (c) practicing school psychologists who participate extensively in teaching and supervising students, and (d) local education agencies that support professional and research opportunities for students. We

James L. Carroll; Jerry D. Harris

1990-01-01

204

[Psychological violences].  

PubMed

Among the various forms of violence inflicted on a child, psychological violence holds a significant place in terms of frequency, diversity and damage done, as serious and pervasive consequences can be observed on the child's development. This article highlights and assesses the psychological consequences provoked by psychological violences perpetrated by parents, teachers or other children in different situations, such as domestic violence, divorce and school bullying. It also gives some indications for intervention and prevention in those situations. PMID:25449447

Leray, M

2014-12-01

205

[Political psychology].  

PubMed

In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects. PMID:23587541

Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

2013-04-21

206

Can psychological models bridge the gap between clinical guidelines and clinicians' behaviour? A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to influence dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective The lag between publication of evidence for clinical practice and implementation by clinicians may be decades. Research using psychological models demonstrates that changing intention is very important in changing behaviour. This study examined an intervention (rehearsing alternative actions) to change dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice (EBP) for third molar (TM) management.Design Randomised controlled trial \\/ postal.Setting Primary care.Subjects

M Johnston; N B Pitts; C Deery; I Ricketts; M Bahrami; C Ramsay; J Johnston; D Bonetti

2003-01-01

207

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

208

Health psychology training in doctoral psychology programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a Division 38 (the health psychology division of the American Psychological Association) survey of graduate training programs in psychology, along with facility-specific information on doctoral training opportunities in health psychology as of Fall 1981. 310 questionnaires were returned from psychology programs; 53 indicated that doctoral training in health psychology was available at their institution. It was

Cynthia D. Belar; Eugenie Wilson; Howard Hughes

1982-01-01

209

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

210

257IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Institute of Psychology  

E-print Network

257IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Institute of Psychology Institute of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www Lam The Institute of Psychology offers graduate programs in Clinical, Industrial/Organizational (I

Heller, Barbara

211

Counseling Psychology in Israel: Successful Accomplishments of a Nonexistent Specialty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the status of counseling psychology in Israel in the context of its unique characteristics. Despite the respected status of psychology as a profession in Israel and its overall acceptance and involvement in numerous social issues, counseling psychology as a separate specialty is nonexistent, especially because of resistance to the clinical psychology specialty. In addition to general subjects

Azy Barak; G. Golan

2000-01-01

212

CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Psychology Phone: (905) 569-4633  

E-print Network

, Germany 2009 M.A. Clinical Child Psychology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland 2005 Ph.D. Developmental of Developmental Psychology Position (W3), Department of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, GermanyCURRICULUM VITAE Tina Malti Department of Psychology Phone: (905) 569-4633 University of Toronto

Sokolowski, Marla

213

[Psychological harassment].  

PubMed

Two types of harassment are distinguished: sexual and psychological. In the private sector, according to French labour laws and the penal code, psychological harassment is actionable. It is up to the employer to prove the absence of harassment. The sanctions incurred can be up to 5 years imprisonment and a 150,000 euro fine and various measures of compensation for damages can be envisaged. PMID:23672157

Puech, Paloma; Pitcho, Benjamin

2013-04-01

214

Julia D. Buckner, Ph.D. Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

April 2011 Julia D. Buckner, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Louisiana State University 236 Audubon@lsu.edu EDUCATION 2007-2008 Predoctoral Clinical Psychology Fellow, Division of Substance Abuse, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine 2008 Ph.D., Clinical Psychology, Florida State University 2005

Harms, Kyle E.

215

Clinic  

E-print Network

Metropolitan Psychotherapy Associates is a full service, multi-disciplinary group practice that provides: Individual psychotherapy Group psychotherapy Premarital therapy Couples therapy Child, adolescent, and family therapy Play therapy Career guidance Supervision and professional training for therapists Consultation for therapists and their clients Psychological testing Professional training Specialties include: Childhood trauma and neglect Attachment disorders Chronic illness and adjustment Dissociative disorders Characterological disorders Addiction and recovery Sexual addictions Eating disorders Relationship and intimacy issues Gay and Lesbian issues Perinatal loss Psychomotor therapy EMDR Adult ADHD Psychodynamic psychotherapy

North Druid; Hills Road

2001-01-01

216

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

217

Psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect. Caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing); may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive, and with or without intent to harm; and negatively affect the child's cognitive, social, emotional, and/or physical development. Psychological maltreatment has been linked with disorders of attachment, developmental and educational problems, socialization problems, disruptive behavior, and later psychopathology. Although no evidence-based interventions that can prevent psychological maltreatment have been identified to date, it is possible that interventions shown to be effective in reducing overall types of child maltreatment, such as the Nurse Family Partnership, may have a role to play. Furthermore, prevention before occurrence will require both the use of universal interventions aimed at promoting the type of parenting that is now recognized to be necessary for optimal child development, alongside the use of targeted interventions directed at improving parental sensitivity to a child's cues during infancy and later parent-child interactions. Intervention should, first and foremost, focus on a thorough assessment and ensuring the child's safety. Potentially effective treatments include cognitive behavioral parenting programs and other psychotherapeutic interventions. The high prevalence of psychological abuse in advanced Western societies, along with the serious consequences, point to the importance of effective management. Pediatricians should be alert to the occurrence of psychological maltreatment and identify ways to support families who have risk indicators for, or evidence of, this problem. PMID:22848125

Hibbard, Roberta; Barlow, Jane; Macmillan, Harriet

2012-08-01

218

FACTORS RELATING TO MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE IN BEGINNING PSYCHOLOGY INTERNS  

E-print Network

There is a paucity of research on the multicultural competence of the psychology intern population. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine counseling and clinical psychology interns' multicultural training ...

Vargas, Christian

2010-07-21

219

The psychological effects of vasectomy for American men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed evidence concerning the psychological effects of vasectomy for American men. Surveys of postoperative sexual behavior and satisfaction and/or happiness were cited, as were data from studies employing clinical interviews and/or psychological tests. (Author/SB)

Bloom, Larry J.; Houston, B. Kent

1976-01-01

220

Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution.  

PubMed

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the application of psychology to domains outside of the scientific laboratory. Applications of psychology that emerged from the functionalist ethos included child and developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, and industrial/vocational psychology. Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century. PMID:19203139

Green, Christopher D

2009-01-01

221

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

222

Department of Psychology Florida State University 1 Faculty and Graduate Students 3  

E-print Network

Graduate Education 4 Clinical Psychology 6 Cognitive Psychology 7 Developmental Psychology 8 Neuroscience 9),Cognitive Psychology (the study of how humans process complex information received by the senses), Developmental#12;Department of Psychology Florida State University 1 Overview 2 Faculty and Graduate Students 3

Contreras, Robert J.

223

[Psychological debriefing].  

PubMed

Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

2009-02-16

224

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

van Rooij, Robert

225

WALTER MISCHEL -CURRICULUM VITAE (January 2013) Address: Department of Psychology Phone: (212) 854-3957  

E-print Network

@psych.columbia.edu Education Ph.D., clinical psychology, Ohio State University, 1956; M.A., clinical psychology, College1 WALTER MISCHEL - CURRICULUM VITAE (January 2013) Address: Department of Psychology Phone: (212 of City of New York, 1953; B.A., psychology, New York University, 1951 Academic Appointments Niven

Columbia University

226

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

227

Psychology Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

2001-01-01

228

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

229

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

230

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

231

Gestalt Therapy: Its Inheritance from Gestalt Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When adequately elaborated, the basic method of Gestalt therapy can be traced to the phenomenological field theory of Gestalt psychology. Gestalt therapy differs from Gestalt psychology not because of a difference in philosophy or method, but because of different contexts; the clinical context has different demands than those of basic research.…

Yontef, Gary M.

232

Suffering in Psychology: The Demoralization of Psychotherapeutic Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with a chasm of seemingly geological proportions, scientists and practitioners in clinical psychology and psychotherapy must confront the concealed moral conflicts that permeate the field. Our clinical practices reflect and contribute to the search for the good life in contemporary society. The application of the Enlightenment's view of science and rationality to clinical psychology has led to a demoralization

Ronald B. Miller

2005-01-01

233

When did "scientific psychology" begin in Russia?  

PubMed

The pattern of the institutionalisation of psychology in Russia was as complex as in other countries. The institutionalisation was more than a single event or even a series of events: it was a manifold process that involved various actors, groups, and political parties, and took at least several decades. Psychology was taught within the subject of philosophy, but as a separate course, at high schools, from the early nineteenth century. When, in mid-century, philosophy was banned from universities for political reasons, logic and psychology still remained in the curriculum. Psychology became a contested area in the 1860s, with the rise of the radical movement that accompanied the abolition of serfdom and other reforms. The young radicals, or nihilists, favoured positive science and gave clear preference to physiology; at medical schools, psychology gradually became part of physiology and psychiatry teaching. Psychiatric clinics provided a venue for the first psychological experiments; the first courses in experimental psychology were also taught to psychiatry students. At the turn of the century, humanities departments joined in by opening laboratories and adding courses in experimental psychology to the philosophical psychology traditionally taught. Yet by 1917, the year when the monarchy ended in Russia, only two universities, in Moscow and Odessa, had succeeded in founding laboratories. The institutionalisation of psychology on a mass scale followed the Bolshevik revolution in Russia. The new communist regime facilitated the country's modernisation, and psychology became one of its instruments. PMID:19569437

Sirotkina, Irina

2006-01-01

234

[Psychological aspects of facial trauma].  

PubMed

The anatomic lesions resulting from facial trauma have serious psychological implications. The topic can be divided into three parts. First, the psychological trauma begins by a simple conception of the psychic structure. Secondly, an external crust protects an inner structure whose role is to maintain a vital function and a pleasure function. Thirdly, the face materializes these two functions. Facial trauma totally disrupts the external crust with staggering psychic implications, releasing the archaic process of survival. After this initial event, a second step is required where the trauma is interiorized leading to a highly variable clinical course which involves recovery, disturbed memory, and a depressive syndrome. The clinical manifestations and possibilities for preventing the post-commotional syndrome are also discussed together with the psychological disorders implied with facial traumatism: disorders linked to the perception of the face, esthetic damage, neurological and sensorial disorders. The course is basically linked to the personality of the patient. PMID:17003762

Kosakevitch-Ricbourg, L

2006-09-01

235

Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.  

PubMed

This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

2014-01-01

236

UCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program  

E-print Network

and Adolescent Inpatient Psychiatric Services UCSD Medical Center UCSD Intensive Outpatient Eating Disorders), UCSD Outpatient Psychiatric Services, UCSD Intensive Outpatient Eating Disorders Program, Rady Children treatment, affective disorders and a Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology (see Appendix

Squire, Larry R.

237

The State of the Psychology Health Service Provider Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of the PsyD degree and the formalization of the predoctoral

Daniel S. Michalski; Jessica L. Kohout

2011-01-01

238

The State of the Psychology Health Service Provider Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of…

Michalski, Daniel S.; Kohout, Jessica L.

2011-01-01

239

[Foucault's relevance for psychology].  

PubMed

In this article, we will attempt to address one of the most outstanding and influential thinkers of the past century: Michel Foucault, Philosopher, Psychologist, and above all (university) Professor. Michel Foucault is certainly versatile: Historian (of madness, clinical practice, imprisonment and sexuality), Archaeologist (of knowledge), Analyst (of discourse and power relations), Psychologist (genealogy of subjectivity) and Philosopher (of power and the subject). With this article, we eventually expect to offer some clues to be able to use the work of Michel Foucault for the problematization of Psychology. PMID:19861110

Pastor, Juan

2009-11-01

240

Psychology Honors Program The Department of Psychology at The Ohio State University is one of the largest departments in the Colleges  

E-print Network

Honors Psychology Honors Program The Department of Psychology at The Ohio State University is one. These include the areas of clinical, cognitive/experimental, counseling, developmental, mental retardation/developmental disabilities, psychobiology, quantitative, and social psychology. The Psychology department has the largest

Jones, Michelle

241

A longitudinal study of the impact of chronic psychological stress on health-related quality of life and clinical biomarkers: protocol for the Australian Healthy Aging of Women Study  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advancements in our understanding of the importance of stress reduction in achieving good health, we still only have limited insight into the impact of stress on cellular function. Recent studies have suggested that exposure to prolonged psychological stress may alter an individual’s physiological responses, and contribute to morbidity and mortality. This paper presents an overview of the study protocol we are using to examine the impact of life stressors on lifestyle factors, health-related quality of life and novel and established biomarkers of stress in midlife and older Australian women. The primary aim of this study is to explore the links between chronic psychological stress on both subjective and objective health markers in midlife and older Australian women. The study examines the extent to which exposure frightening, upsetting or stressful events such as natural disasters, illness or death of a relative, miscarriage and relationship conflict is correlated with a variety of objective and subjective health markers. Methods/Design This study is embedded within the longitudinal Healthy Aging of Women’s study which has collected data from midlife and older Australian women at 5 yearly intervals since 2001, and uses the Allostastic model of women’s health by Groër and colleagues in 2010. The current study expands the focus of the HOW study and will assess the impact of life stressors on quality of life and clinical biomarkers in midlife and older Australian women to explain the impact of chronic psychological stress in women. Discussion The proposed study hypothesizes that women are at increased risk of exposure to multiple or repeated stressors, some being unique to women, and the frequency and chronicity of stressors increases women’s risk of adverse health outcomes. This study aims to further our understanding of the relationships between stressful life experiences, perceived quality of life, stress biomarkers, chronic illness, and health status in women. PMID:24400870

2014-01-01

242

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

243

Psychology 460 1 Psychology 460 Behavioural Neuroendocrinology  

E-print Network

Psychology 460 1 Psychology 460 ­ Behavioural Neuroendocrinology When: Tuesdays/ Thursdays 11 to the field of behavioral neuroendocrinology, which is the study of how hormones affect behaviour and brain

Handy, Todd C.

244

Polycultural psychology.  

PubMed

We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness. PMID:25251481

Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

2015-01-01

245

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

246

Psychology in counseling psychology: Whither or wither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed psychology course offerings of 44 counseling graduate programs as well as the preferences of students and faculty (program directors) for a wide range of psychology course work. Mailed questionnaires were returned by directors of 23 programs and by 33 students in the programs. Responses for actual and preferred courses in American Psychological Association approved and nonapproved programs were similar.

Bruce R. Fretz

1975-01-01

247

Department of Psychology Institute for Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Institute for Educational Psychology Armin Weinberger, Markus Reiserer: Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Institute for Empirical Pedagogy and Pedagogical Psychology. Research report No. 158, February 2003 To appear in: Bromme, R. Hesse, F., & Spada, H. (2003). Barriers and biases

Boyer, Edmond

248

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

249

LIFE BEGINS AT THIRTY: TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF AGING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Possibilities for employment opportunities related to aging are reviewed for four areas of professional psychology: clinical and counseling psychology, education, human factors engineering and ecological psychology, and teaching and research. Some reasons for the slow development of opportunities for employment in the field of psychology of aging are identified and discussed.

James L. Fozard

1978-01-01

250

Psychology OFFICE: Life Sciences 110 In the College of Sciences TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5358  

E-print Network

348 Psychology OFFICE: Life Sciences 110 In the College of Sciences TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5358 UNDERGRADUATE ADVISING OFFICE: Life Sciences 116 TELEPHONE: (619) 594-5412 FAX: (619) 594-1332 WEB SITE: www.psychology by the Department Doctor of Philosophy degree in clinical psychology. Master of Arts degree in psychology. Master

Gallo, Linda C.

251

The Teaching of Evaluation in Psychology: Northwestern University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The applications of evaluation training in clinically oriented social interventions are examined. A joint program in evaluation and clinical psychology at Northwestern University is described. The core evaluation course, which emphasizes methodological study and substantial fieldwork, is discussed. (BS)

Cordray, David; And Others

1986-01-01

252

Family therapy training opportunities in psychology and counselor education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the nature and scope of course work and practica training available within all 108 American Psychological Association-approved clinical and counseling psychology programs and 125 departments of counselor education granting the doctorate. Findings indicate that at least two-thirds of all faculty and students believe that there is departmental support for marriage and family therapy (MFT) training. 66% of clinical and

Howard A. Liddle; Suzanne Vance; Roman J. Pastushak

1979-01-01

253

Using Positive Psychology with Special Mental Health Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our clinical practice, we have attempted to use a positive psychology approach in working with people with schizophrenia and youths with behavioral disorders. We present three clinical applications that use a positive psychology approach with these populations: group treatment with persons with schizophrenia; individual cognitive stimulation…

Mohiuddin, Ahmed; Boisvert, Charles M.

2006-01-01

254

Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

Cheung, Fanny M.

2012-01-01

255

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

256

Mistreating Psychology in the Decades of the Brain  

PubMed Central

We systematically mistreat psychological phenomena, both logically and clinically. This article explores three contentions: that the dominant discourse in modern cognitive, affective, and clinical neuroscience assumes that we know how psychology/biology causation works when we do not; that there are serious intellectual, clinical, and policy costs to pretending we do know; and that crucial scientific and clinical progress will be stymied as long as we frame psychology, biology, and their relationship in currently dominant ways. The arguments are developed with emphasis on misguided attempts to localize psychological function via neuroimaging, misunderstandings about the role of genetics in psychopathology, and unfortunate constraints on health-care policy and clinical service delivery. A particular challenge, articulated but not resolved in this article, is determining what constitutes adequate explanation in the relationship between psychology and biology. PMID:21949539

Miller, Gregory A.

2011-01-01

257

Cognitive Defusion versus Thought Distraction: A Clinical Rationale, Training, and Experiential Exercise in Altering Psychological Impacts of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using two modes of intervention delivery, the present study compared the effects of a cognitive defusion strategy with a thought distraction strategy on the emotional discomfort and believability of negative self-referential thoughts. One mode of intervention delivery consisted of a clinical rationale and training (i.e., Partial condition). The…

Masuda, Akihiko; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Wendell, Johanna W.; Sheehan, Shawn T.

2010-01-01

258

Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous recent attempts to identify mediated and moderated effects in child-clinical and pediatric research on child adjustment have been characterized by terminological, conceptual, and statistical inconsistencies. To promote greater clarity, the terms mediating and moderating are defined and differentiated. Recommended statistical strategies that can be used to test for these effects are reviewed (i.e., multiple regression and structural equation modeling

Grayson N. Holmbeck

1997-01-01

259

The Illinois Articulation Initiative Major Fields Panels' Recommendations for Business, Clinical Laboratory Science, Education--Early Childhood, Education--Elementary, Education--Secondary, Music, Nursing, Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by the Illinois Articulation Initiative (IAI), this report provides recommendations for improving articulation through state high schools, community colleges, and institutions of higher education. The recommendations are presented by field of study for business, clinical laboratory science, early childhood education, elementary…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

260

Running head: J. R. CRAWFORD & J. D. HENRY. EVALUATION OF PANAS Pre-Print: British Journal of Clinical Psychology, in press  

E-print Network

1 Running head: J. R. CRAWFORD & J. D. HENRY. EVALUATION OF PANAS Pre-Print: British Journal, Measurement Properties and Normative Data in a Large Non-Clinical Sample J. R. Crawford and J. D. Henry24 3HN (e-mail: j.crawford@abdn.ac.uk) #12;2 The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS

Crawford, John R.

261

Edelgard Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654  

E-print Network

; Program Director of Clinical Psychology 2000-04 Research Associate, Center for Stress and AnxietyEdelgard Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654 State University of New York@uamail.albany.edu _________________________________________________________________ EDUCATIONAL HISTORY 1983-87 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology; University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Kidd, William S. F.

262

Edelgard ("Elga") Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654  

E-print Network

; Program Director of Clinical Psychology 2000-04 Research Associate, Center for Stress and Anxiety1 Edelgard ("Elga") Wulfert, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Phone: (518)442-4654 State University@albany.edu _________________________________________________________________ EDUCATIONAL HISTORY 1983-87 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology; University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Kidd, William S. F.

263

Clinical Diagnosis of Dementia, Not Behavioral and Psychologic Symptoms, Is Associated With Psychotropic Drug Use in Community-Dwelling Elders Classified as Having Dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of psychotropic drug use in community-dwelling elders with dementia. Baseline data from 285 community-dwelling elders with a research classification of dementia enrolled in the observational Memory and Medical Care Study were analyzed. Of these, 33.3% with a research classification of dementia were clinically diagnosed, 28.8% used at least 1 psychotropic drug, and

Ding-Chen Chan; Judith D. Kasper; Betty S. Black; Peter V. Rabins

2007-01-01

264

Barriers to health-care and psychological distress among mothers living with HIV in Quebec (Canada).  

PubMed

Health-care providers play a major role in providing good quality care and in preventing psychological distress among mothers living with HIV (MLHIV). The objectives of this study are to explore the impact of health-care services and satisfaction with care providers on psychological distress in MLHIV. One hundred MLHIV were recruited from community and clinical settings in the province of Quebec (Canada). Prevalence estimation of clinical psychological distress and univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were performed to predict clinical psychological distress. Forty-five percent of the participants reported clinical psychological distress. In the multivariable regression, the following variables were significantly associated with psychological distress while controlling for sociodemographic variables: resilience, quality of communication with the care providers, resources, and HIV disclosure concerns. The multivariate results support the key role of personal, structural, and medical resources in understanding psychological distress among MLHIV. Interventions that can support the psychological health of MLHIV are discussed. PMID:25587793

Blais, Martin; Fernet, Mylène; Proulx-Boucher, Karène; Lebouché, Bertrand; Rodrigue, Carl; Lapointe, Normand; Otis, Joanne; Samson, Johanne

2015-06-01

265

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Behavioral Activation (BA) Therapy for Improving Psychological and Physical Health in Dementia Caregivers: Results of the Pleasant Events Program (PEP)  

PubMed Central

Dementia caregiving is associated with elevations in depressive symptoms and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study evaluated the efficacy of the Pleasant Events Program (PEP), a 6-week Behavioral Activation intervention designed to reduce CVD risk and depressive symptoms in caregivers. One hundred dementia family caregivers were randomized to either the 6-week PEP intervention (N=49) or a time-equivalent Information-Support (IS) control condition (N=51). Assessments were completed pre- and post-intervention and at 1-year follow-up. Biological assessments included CVD risk markers Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and D-dimer. Psychosocial outcomes included depressive symptoms, positive affect, and negative affect. Participants receiving the PEP intervention had significantly greater reductions in IL-6 (p=.040), depressive symptoms (p=.039), and negative affect (p=.021) from pre- to post-treatment. For IL-6, clinically significant improvement was observed in 20.0% of PEP participants and 6.5% of IS participants. For depressive symptoms, clinically significant improvement was found for 32.7% of PEP vs 11.8% of IS participants. Group differences in change from baseline to 1-year follow-up were non-significant for all outcomes. The PEP program decreased depression and improved a measure of physiological health in older dementia caregivers. Future research should examine the efficacy of PEP for improving other CVD biomarkers and seek to sustain the intervention’s effects. PMID:23916631

Moore, Raeanne C; Chattillion, Elizabeth A; Ceglowski, Jennifer; Ho, Jennifer; von Känel, Roland; Mills, Paul J; Ziegler, Michael G; Patterson, Thomas L; Grant, Igor; Mausbach, Brent T

2013-01-01

266

Enhancing Placebo Effects: Insights From Social Psychology  

PubMed Central

Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions. PMID:23488251

SLIWINSKI, JIM; ELKINS, GARY R.

2012-01-01

267

Enhancing placebo effects: insights from social psychology.  

PubMed

Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions. PMID:23488251

Sliwinski, Jim; Elkins, Gary R

2013-01-01

268

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

269

Psychology in Action: Psychology in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

Hsiao, Sigmund

1977-01-01

270

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

271

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

272

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

Jiang, Huiqiang

273

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

274

Community Psychology in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chapter reviews activities by Israeli psychologists in which community psychology principles are applied. It is argued\\u000a that despite the small number of publications using the term community psychology and the absence of formal specialization and training in community psychology, many Israeli psychologists have internalized\\u000a the principles of community psychology and implement them in their work. Specifically, we suggest that

Amiram Raviv; Mira Zeira; Keren Sharvit

275

Intro through Internet Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class. Course content,…

Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

276

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

277

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)  

E-print Network

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP) I t is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide within cogni- tive neuroscience and psychology have started to emerge: (1) affective neurosciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

The psychology of mystery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the ways in which psychology has been used in the fictional world of the mystery\\/detective novel. Application of psychology has included (1) the use of experimental techniques, such as laboratory techniques and deductive reasoning, and (2) the use of applied theories, such as those on motivation or personality, by detectives, psychological consultants, and psychologist-detectives to solve

Leonard Krasner

1983-01-01

279

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

280

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

281

Educational psychology and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses what elements of educational psychology are useful in elementary school education and how educational practices can enrich research and development in educational psychology. Educational psychology is ready to assume interactive relationships with methods of scientific application, development, and research, as practiced in the traditional sciences. These interactions would be helpful for studying subject-matter learning, the teaching of basic abilities,

Robert Glaser

1973-01-01

282

Evidence-Based Psychological Treatments for Insomnia in Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The review describes evidence-based psychological treatments (EBTs) for insomnia in older adults. Following coding procedures developed by the American Psychological Association's Committee on Science and Practice of the Society for Clinical Psychology, two treatments were found to meet EBT criteria: sleep restriction–sleep compression therapy and multicomponent cognitive–behavioral therapy. One additional treatment (stimulus control therapy) partially met criteria, but further corroborating

Susan M. McCurry; Rebecca G. Logsdon; Linda Teri; Michael V. Vitiello

2007-01-01

283

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

284

Psychologic interventions for chronic pain.  

PubMed

As a biopsychosocial understanding of chronic pain has become more sophisticated during recent decades, a variety of psychologically based treatment approaches have been developed and empirically validated for helping people better manage their pain. These approaches to pain management have much to offer persons with chronic pain in terms of enhancing quality of life and pain-related coping, as well as reducing disability and pain-related interference with functioning. Although some treatments, like hypnotic analgesia, may require referral to a specialized provider, several of the principles of other psychologically based treatment approaches for pain management (eg, operant behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing) can easily be integrated into work with persons with pain in a rehabilitation setting. Rehabilitation providers who are interested in incorporating these treatment strategies into their clinical work who do not have prior exposure to these approaches are encouraged to review the suggested references and to seek out related training opportunities. PMID:16616275

Osborne, Travis L; Raichle, Katherine A; Jensen, Mark P

2006-05-01

285

The Healthy Aging Brain Care (HABC) Monitor: validation of the Patient Self-Report Version of the clinical tool designed to measure and monitor cognitive, functional, and psychological health  

PubMed Central

Background Primary care providers need an inexpensive, simple, user-friendly, easily standardized, sensitive to change, and widely available multidomain instrument to measure the cognitive, functional, and psychological symptoms of patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions. We previously validated the Caregiver Report Version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor (HABC Monitor) for measuring and monitoring the severity of symptoms through caregiver reports. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Patient Self-Report Version of the HABC Monitor (Self-Report HABC Monitor). Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Primary care clinics affiliated with a safety net urban health care system in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Subjects A total of 291 subjects aged ?65 years with a mean age of 72.7 (standard deviation 6.2) years, 76% female, and 56% African Americans. Analysis Psychometric validity and reliability of the Self-Report HABC Monitor. Results Among 291 patients analyzed, the Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrated excellent fit for the confirmatory factor analysis model (root mean square error of approximation =0.030, comparative fit index =0.974, weighted root mean square residual =0.837) and good internal consistency (0.78–0.92). Adequate convergent–divergent validity (differences between the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status test-based cognitive function impairment versus nonimpairment groups) was demonstrated only when patients were removed from analysis if they had both cognitive function test impairment and suspiciously perfect self-report HABC Monitor cognitive floor scores of 0. Conclusion The Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrates good reliability and validity as a clinically practical multidimensional tool for measuring symptoms. The tool can be used along with its caregiver version to provide useful feedback (via monitoring of symptoms) for modifying care plans. Determining the validity of HABC Monitor scores from patients who self-report a perfect cognitive score of 0 requires cognitive function test results (eg, Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status or Mini Mental State Examination) or Caregiver Report HABC Monitor scores or further clinical examination to rule out the possibility that the patient is denying or unaware of their cognitive symptoms. PMID:25584024

Monahan, Patrick O; Alder, Catherine A; Khan, Babar A; Stump, Timothy; Boustani, Malaz A

2014-01-01

286

Social Justice: A Long-Term Challenge for Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling psychology has a long history of interest and commitment to social justice and multicultural issues. This article discusses some of that history and, in addition, speaks to specifics of implementing a liberation psychology frame of reference into clinical practice along with the issues of implementation and challenges faced by those of…

Ivey, Allen E.; Collins, Noah M.

2003-01-01

287

The psychological impact of facial changes in scleroderma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical disabilities associated with scleroderma are well known but the psychological impact of the condition has received less attention. Few studies have examined appearance related issues, most notably of the face. The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychological impact of facial, aesthetic and functional changes in scleroderma. One hundred seventy-one patients with a clinical diagnosis of

Kavit Amin; A. Clarke; B. Sivakumar; A. Puri; Z. Fox; V. Brough; C. P. Denton; E. M. Peter; M. D. Butler

2011-01-01

288

Identifying Effective Psychological Treatments of Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clarified efficacy of psychological treatments for insomnia through a meta-analysis of 66 outcome studies representing 139 treatment groups. Psychological treatments produced considerable enhancement of both sleep patterns and the subjective experience of sleep. Participants who were clinically referred and who did not regularly use sedatives…

Murtagh, Douglas R. R.; Greenwood, Kenneth M.

1995-01-01

289

Examining Multicultural Counseling Competencies of Graduate Students in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examined the multicultural counseling competencies of graduate students in counseling and clinical psychology programs. A national sample of 344 students participated. The participants completed the Multicultural Counseling Inventory (G. R. Sodowsky, R. C. Taffe, T. B. Gutkin, & S. L. Wise, 1994) and a demographic questionnaire. Results indicated that counseling psychology students rated themselves as more multiculturally competent

Donald B. Pope-Davis; Amy L. Reynolds; Jonathan G. Dings; Deanna Nielson

1995-01-01

290

PSYCHOLOGY 260 Introduction to Physiological Psychology  

E-print Network

available as an ebook) Optional: Study Guide for Kalat's Biological Psychology, Elaine M. Hull The Kalat feel free to set up meeting times with me or the T.A.s if you are having difficulty with concepts

Gallo, Linda C.

291

Humanistic Psychology’s Impact and Accomplishments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Humanistic psychology shone most brightly during the revolutionary 1960s and 1970s. Referred to as “the encounter culture,” with a “sensitivity to others’ needs” including emotional self-expression, it was characterized by Carl Rogers as hunger for close relationships with fully-expressed emotions. One of the contributions of humanistic psychology to our culture was Rogers’ approach to conflict resolution using his emotionally honest

David Ryback

2011-01-01

292

Psychological factors in recurrent genital herpes.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To review recent research into psychological aspects of genital herpes and assess possible implications for clinical practice. METHODS: Review of all papers in the field on Medline 1985-96. RESULTS: Much attention has been paid to possible links between stress and recurrent genital herpes. There is no convincing evidence that stress in itself causes recurrences. It may be that recurrences are preceded by a prodromal period of altered mood. Patients with recurrences show considerable stress as a result of the disease, although most individuals eventually adjust psychologically. The impact of social support on adjustment remains unclear. The little evidence available suggests that antiviral treatments can help adjustment and the effects may perhaps outlast the period of active treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Existing research gives some clues to optimal patient management but there is a need for future research to focus much more clearly on clinical issues, particularly on means of alleviating psychological distress and on the impact of antivirals. PMID:9389944

Green, J; Kocsis, A

1997-01-01

293

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

294

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

295

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

Miall, Chris

296

A Guide to Obtaining a Psychology Internship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a guidebook written to help graduate students in clinical psychology from a variety of programs obtain internships at training programs across the country. Chapter 1 discloses the politics and power relationship among internship training directors, university faculties, and internship applicants, and describes how they influence guidelines…

Megargee, Edwin J.

297

Between Education and Psychology: School Staff Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When discussing contributions from psychology in/to educational practices like school-based mental health promotion, it is peculiar that psychologists (of an educational or clinical kind) or education-oriented sociologists, both not often based in schools or classrooms, dominate the topic. It has been acknowledged that school staff have been over…

Corcoran, Tim; Finney, Dave

2015-01-01

298

Social psychological determinants of patient satisfaction: A test of five hypotheses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five hypotheses regarding the social psychological determinants of patient satisfaction were tested among patients attending the primary care clinics of a university medical center in Manhatten. The social psychological variables operationalized here were expectations, values, entitlement and perceived occurrences; the three dimensions of satisfaction studied were doctor conduct, convenience and general satisfaction. The social psychological variables together were found to

Susie Linder-Pelz

1982-01-01

299

USC Department of Psychology Seeley G. Mudd Building (SGM), Room 501 Telephone: (213) 740-2203  

E-print Network

Learning and Memory PSYC 337L Adult Development and Aging PSYC 361 Introduction to Clinical Psychology PSYCUSC Department of Psychology Seeley G. Mudd Building (SGM), Room 501 Telephone: (213) 740-2203 http://dornsife.usc.edu/psyc Fax: (213) 746-9082 Bachelor of Arts in Psychology (48 units) Lower Division Requirement (12 units

Rohs, Remo

300

Bootstrapping it in the Big Apple: A History of School Psychology at New York University  

Microsoft Academic Search

New York University seems to have offered the country’s first school psychology training, so designated in 1929. This article reports what little is known about those early days and attempts to place it in the historical context from which clinical psychology and school psychology emerged. A middle phase of program development in the 1940s and 1950s provides the direct ancestral

Gilbert M. Trachtman

1987-01-01

301

Distinguishing Science from Pseudoscience in School Psychology: Science and Scientific Thinking as Safeguards against Human Error  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for…

Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Ammirati, Rachel; David, Michal

2012-01-01

302

Using an Internship Opportunity to Expand Awareness of Industrial/Organizational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public perception of the field of psychology tends to be limited to the clinical area. Exposure to other areas of psychology through broad, introductory courses helps expand students' perspectives of psychology. This exposure may be too late, however, as many colleges cannot afford to devote entire courses to each of the many subfields of…

Kisamore, Jennifer L.; Alexander, Evangeline

2008-01-01

303

The National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology Educational Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning with its historical context, the National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology's model for education and training in professional psychology is summarized in 5 areas: (a) broadened view of psychology with a flexible epistemology, multiple ways of knowing, and how practitioners doing practice remain local clinical scientists doing disciplined inquiry; (b) integrative pedagogy; (c) competency-based core curriculum

Roger L. Peterson; Donald R. Peterson; Jules C. Abrams; George Stricker

2006-01-01

304

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

Psychological Society 525 STEREOSCOPIC SURFACE INTERPOLATION SUPPORTS LIGHTNESS CONSTANCY Laurie M. Wilcox- tations from very sparse information, as evidenced by the formation of subjective surfaces in regions

Wilcox, Laurie

305

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

306

Psychology is about processes.  

PubMed

Out of the eight points of methodological criticism against contemporary psychology formulated by Watson (Psychological Bulletin 31:755-776, 1934) and put forward by Toomela in this issue, the overemphasis on prediction, the neglect of individual differences, the habit of the differences between the mental states of subjects in objective experimental conditions are particularly important. Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices. PMID:17992866

Ohlsson, Stellan

2007-03-01

307

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

308

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional,  

E-print Network

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns as they promote personal the path to becoming a counselling psychologist includes a 4-year undergraduate degree in psychology

Dukas, Reuven

309

AllPsych Online: The Virtual Psychology Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For instructors or students looking for material on many aspects of psychology, the AllPsych Online site may prove to be indispensable. The site was started in 1999, and it contains eight primary sections which cover everything from classic psychology studies to an extensive reference area. First-time visitors may wish to start by looking through the "Reference" area, which features an expanded timeline of psychology through the ages, a dictionary, and biographies of prominent persons in the field. People interested in entering the field of psychology will want to click on over to the "Careers and Education in Psychology" section for the materials on various academic programs in clinical, counseling, and school psychology. For a bit of a diversion, the site also has a "Fun and Games" area where visitors can take a look at some optical illusions and crossword puzzles.

Heffner, Christopher L.

2007-01-01

310

2012 Clinical Psychology Doctoral Student Accomplishments Publications  

E-print Network

, K. L. (2012). Cognitive behavioral approaches for treating eating disorders. In K. L. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention

Gelfond, Michael

311

The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and  

E-print Network

-related Assessments 10.9 Assessments for External Practicum Sites 10.10 Vocational Assessments 10.11 LD/ADHD.1 Responding to a Subpoena 11.2 Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect 11.3 Reporting Elder Abuse 11.4 Dealing WITH DANGEROUS OR AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR SECTION XIV: PROCEDURE FOR MANAGING A CLIENT WHO MAY HAVE USED SUBSTANCES

Zhang, Yuanlin

312

Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

, autistic spectrum disorders, dementia, depression, post-partum depression, general life satisfaction an episode of major depression this year; and suicide is the third leading cause of death for people between

313

Contributions of object relations theory and self psychology to relational psychology and group psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Object relations theory and self psychology are psychoanalytic perspectives that are especially concerned with interpersonal relations and their mental representations. Object relations theory began as an intrapsychic "singleton" psychology with the work of Freud and Melanie Klein. It subsequently evolved into a multi-person psychology with the work of Bion on groups, as well as the clinical and theoretical contributions of Winnicott and Fairbairn. Kohutian self psychology, which emerged later, has been interested in the relations between the self and significant others as mirroring and idealizing "self-objects." Stolorow's "inter-subjective perspective" emerged from self psychology as a full-fledged multi-person point of view. This article considers the significance of contemporary object relations theory and self psychology as relational, multi-person perspectives in terms of their application to group psychotherapy, focusing upon the group-as-a-whole, projective identification, transitional space and object, and self/self-object relations as particularly useful constructs. A clinical vignette is provided. PMID:10778012

Schermer, V L

2000-04-01

314

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

315

Child Psychology Experiences Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need for trained teachers to enter the classroom with confidence and professional capacity, Walla Walla College introduced a Child Psychology Experience program. Personnel from several departments contribute to this program. In connection with the child psychology courses, the project features a laboratory/demonstration center…

Walla Walla Coll., WA.

316

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2007 Course: Psych 9A; Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 2:00­3:20 Code: 68040 Room: PSLH 100 TEXT: Gleitman, Psychology, 7th Edition PROFESSOR: Don Hoffman SECRETARY at http://www.cogsci.uci.edu/ddhoff/HoffmanPubs.html or his book Visual Intelligence (Norton Press, 2000

Stanford, Kyle

317

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2014 Course: Psych 9A/Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 12:30-1:50 Code: 68030/54030 Room: PSLH 100 TEXT: Gleitman, Psychology, 8th Edition PROFESSOR: Don Hoffman's research, you can see his webpage, his publications, his book Visual Intelligence, his paper

Stanford, Kyle

318

Techniques in Adlerian Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of classic and recent papers (published between 1964 and 1994) reprinted from the "Journal of Juvenile Psychology""Individual Psychologist," and "Individual Psychology." Each of the five sections is introduced by the editor's comments. "General Techniques" contains the following articles: (1) "I-Thou Relationship Versus…

Carlson, Jon, Ed.; Slavik, Steven, Ed.

319

Study Abroad in Psychology  

E-print Network

Study Abroad in Psychology Studying abroad is increasingly important for psychology majors of global issues gained are critical to the companies' success. Why should I go abroad? Studying abroad that will significantly enhance your studies and career. Some of the potential benefits of going abroad include: Gain

Heller, Barbara

320

The Psychology of Globalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the influence of globalization on psychological functioning, describing globalization worldwide and its psychological consequences. Notes that most people now develop bicultural identities that combine local identity with global culture-related identity. Identity confusion is increasing among young people in non-western cultures because…

Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen

2002-01-01

321

The Psychology of Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter I will try to provide a brief overview of the concepts and techniques that are most widely used in the psychology of memory. Although it may not appear to be the case from sampling the literature, there is in fact a great deal of agreement as to what constitutes the psychology of memory, much of it developed

Alan D. Baddeley

1976-01-01

322

Psychological Dynamics of Sport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the branch of sport and exercise science that focuses on the psychological aspects of human behavior. Part I presents a general orientation to the field, including an introduction and description of sport psychology and a discussion of the history and current status of the field. Individual differences…

Gill, Diane L.

323

Affecting qualitative health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘affective turn’ is a contemporary movement within the humanities, social science, and psychology to investigate affect, emotion, and feeling as hybrid phenomena jointly constituted from both biological and social influences. Health and illness are themselves jointly constituted in this way, and many of the topics, concerns, and methods of health psychology are strongly permeated by affective phenomena. Qualitative research

John Cromby

2011-01-01

324

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

325

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

326

Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

Paul L. Wachtel

1969-01-01

327

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

328

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

329

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

330

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

1&2 plus lecture notes Feb 2 Major Mental Disorders Ch 11 Feb 9 Anxiety Disorders Ch 7 Feb 16: Abnormal Psychology by Susan Holen-Hoeksema 4th edition This course covers the history, theories, assessment, and treatments of Abnormal Behavior Final grades are based exclusively on total points. All

Gallo, Linda C.

331

Developmental Psychology Psychology 376 (CRN 26381)  

E-print Network

: Prenatal Through Middle Childhood (7 th Edition). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon 2. Pearson's My in developmental psychology. A number of themes guide the integration of the material. These themes, which-mail, or write them down during class and give them to me, or talk with me after class, during office hours

Lockery, Shawn

332

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

333

Discursive social psychology now.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today. PMID:21790666

Parker, Ian

2012-09-01

334

Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology  

E-print Network

232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

Dresden, Gregory

335

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

336

Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

Hardy, Christopher R.

337

University Psychology Students Having Had Psychology in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does a high school course in psychology influence students to take further work in the subject? Is high school psychology of assistance to those who take psychology in a university? In an attempt to answer these questions, 13 university departments of psychology (Denver, Florida State, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Purdue, Southern California, Texas, Vermont) were

T. L. Engle

1958-01-01

338

CHRISTINA MASLACH 1971 to present Professor of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley  

E-print Network

award for best research paper in 1979, Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis #12;2 Professional International Association of Applied Psychology (Fellow) Sigma Xi Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis-bound control: Expanding the present through hypnosis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1, 305- 323. Maslach, C

Jacobs, Lucia

339

Giving Psychology Away Is Expensive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents comments on "Does Psychology make a significant difference in our lives?" by P. Zimbardo. We deeply appreciate the documentation and inspiration provided by Zimbardo on how psychology is reaching out to the public by "giving psychology away" (p. 340). We totally agree that psychology has much, much more to offer that could be…

Gorsuch, Richard L.; Wallace, William L.

2005-01-01

340

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris

341

Introduction to Psychology. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters in this textbook for college students in introductory psychology courses are: (1) What is Psychology?; (2) Scientific Methods in Psychology; (3) Biological Psychology; (4) Sensation and Perception; (5) Altered States; (6) Learning; (7) Memory; (8) Cognition and Language; (9) Intelligence and Its Measurement; (10) Development; (11)…

Kalat, James W.

342

Positive organizational psychology in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

2011-01-01

343

Positive organizational psychology in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

2012-01-01

344

TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY The Psychology Department at Tufts University is seeking applicants at the assistant professor level for a tenure-track position in Cognitive Developmental Psychology to begin September, 2014TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology FACULTY POSITION: ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF COGNITIVE

Patel, Aniruddh D.

345

Internet research in psychology.  

PubMed

Today the Internet plays a role in the lives of nearly 40% of the world's population, and it is becoming increasingly entwined in daily life. This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. We provide an overview of the literature, considering three broad domains of research: translational (implementing traditional methods online; e.g., surveys), phenomenological (topics spawned or mediated by the Internet; e.g., cyberbullying), and novel (new ways to study existing topics; e.g., rumors). We discuss issues (e.g., sampling, ethics) that arise when doing research online and point to emerging opportunities (e.g., smartphone sensing). Psychological research on the Internet comes with new challenges, but the opportunities far outweigh the costs. By integrating the Internet, psychological research has the ability to reach large, diverse samples and collect data on actual behaviors, which will ultimately increase the impact of psychological research on society. PMID:25251483

Gosling, Samuel D; Mason, Winter

2015-01-01

346

Globalization, culture and psychology.  

PubMed

This article outlines the cultural and psychological effects of globalization. It looks at the impact of globalization on identity; ideas of privacy and intimacy; the way we understand and perceive psychological distress; and the development of the profession of psychology around the world. The article takes a critical perspective on globalization, seeing it as aligned with the spread of neoliberal capitalism, a tendency towards cultural homogenization, the imposition of dominant 'global north' ideas and the resultant growing inequalities in health and well-being. However, it also argues that the increased interconnectedness created by globalization allows for greater acknowledgement of our common humanity and for collective efforts to be developed to tackle what are increasingly global problems. This requires the development of more nuanced understandings of cultural differences and of indigenous psychologies. PMID:25343628

Melluish, Steve

2014-10-01

347

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychology Topics Addictions ADHD Anger Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Emotional Health Ethics Marriage & Divorce ... ADHD Aging Alzheimer's Anger Anxiety Autism Bipolar Disorder Bullying Children Death & Dying Depression Disability Eating Disorders Education ...

348

Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's views on various psychological behaviors were significant. Basing his conclusions on empirical research, he wrote extensively on the phylogeny of behavior, emotional expression, sexual selection, instincts, evolution of morals, ontogeny of behavior, and genetics of behavior. (PS)

Ghiselin, Michael T.

1973-01-01

349

Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology  

E-print Network

Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology Instructor: Amy Spilkin, Ph.D. Office Hours: Before 270 is acceptable) Materials: Wenar & Kerig (2010). Developmental Psychopathology with Additional of developmental psychopathology and will focus on major forms of developmental psychopathology, including mood

Gallo, Linda C.

350

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

351

Operational Psychology Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

Holland, Al

2009-01-01

352

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

353

Evolutionary Psychology and Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a historical context of evolutionary psychology and feminism, and evaluates the contributions to this\\u000a special issue of Sex Roles within that context. We briefly outline the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology and articulate its meta-theory of the\\u000a origins of gender similarities and differences. The article then evaluates the specific contributions: Sexual Strategies Theory\\u000a and the desire for

David Michael Buss; David P. Schmitt

2011-01-01

354

Health psychology: psychological factors and physical disease from the perspective of human psychoneuroimmunology.  

PubMed

This review addresses the importance of studies of human psychoneuroimmunology in understanding the role of psychological factors in physical illness. First, it provides psychologically and biologically plausible explanations for how psychological factors might influence immunity and immune system-mediated disease. Second, it covers substantial evidence that factors such as stress, negative affect, clinical depression, social support, and repression/denial can influence both cellular and humoral indicators of immune status and function. Third, at least in the case of the less serious infectious diseases (colds, influenza, herpes), it considers consistent and convincing evidence of links between stress and negative affect and disease onset and progression. Although still early in its development, research also suggests a role of psychological factors in autoimmune diseases. Evidence for effects of stress, depression, and repression/denial on onset and progression of AIDs and cancer is less consistent and inconclusive, possibly owing to methodological limitations inherent in studying these complex illnesses, or because psychological influences on immunity are not of the magnitude or type necessary to alter the body's response in these cases. What is missing in this literature, however, is strong evidence that the associations between psychological factors and disease that do exist are attributable to immune changes. PMID:8624135

Cohen, S; Herbert, T B

1996-01-01

355

The image of psychology programs: the value of the instrumental-symbolic framework.  

PubMed

As competition for funding and students intensifies, it becomes increasingly important for psychology programs to have an image that is attractive and makes them stand out from other programs. The current study uses the instrumental-symbolic framework from the marketing domain to determine the image of different master's programs in psychology and examines how these image dimensions relate to student attraction and competitor differentiation. The samples consist of both potential students (N = 114) and current students (N = 68) of three psychology programs at a Belgian university: industrial and organizational psychology, clinical psychology, and experimental psychology. The results demonstrate that both instrumental attributes (e.g., interpersonal activities) and symbolic trait inferences (e.g., sincerity) are key components of the image of psychology programs and predict attractiveness as well as differentiation. In addition, symbolic image dimensions seem more important for current students of psychology programs than for potential students. PMID:24946389

Van Hoye, Greet; Lievens, Filip; De Soete, Britt; Libbrecht, Nele; Schollaert, Eveline; Baligant, Dimphna

2014-01-01

356

Ecological psychology and social psychology: continuing discussion.  

PubMed

What form would an ideal merger of ecological and social psychology take? Is that ideal attainable? Many researchers and theorists are working to answer these questions. Charles (2009, 2011a) offered insights from E. B. Holt, one of James J. Gibson's mentors, who argued that minds-mental kinds, processes, states, etc.-are observable aspects of the environment. Phrasing that in Ecological terms, the minds of other organisms are specified in the structure of ambient energy extended over time and space; they are directly perceivable by a properly attuned organism. Ecological Psychology enhances Holt's story, by brining to the table a sophisticated theory of direct perception; Holt enhances the Ecological story by brining to the table a sophisticated theory about the nature of minds. The two combine to form the long-sought ideal merger. Thus, I claimed, Ecological Psychology will either rediscover its roots, or go through the trouble of re-creating them. This paper further develops those ideas, by presenting a simpler version of the argument, suggesting easy ways of dismissing that argument, and addressing the concerns expressed by Castro and Lafuente (2011). PMID:21809179

Charles, Eric P

2012-06-01

357

Psychological Processing in Chronic Pain: A Neural Systems Approach  

PubMed Central

Our understanding of chronic pain involves complex brain circuits that include sensory, emotional, cognitive and interoceptive processing. The feed-forward interactions between physical (e.g., trauma) and emotional pain and the consequences of altered psychological status on the expression of pain have made the evaluation and treatment of chronic pain a challenge in the clinic. By understanding the neural circuits involved in psychological processes, a mechanistic approach to the implementation of psychology-based treatments may be better understood. In this review we evaluate some of the principle processes that may be altered as a consequence of chronic pain in the context of localized and integrated neural networks. These changes are ongoing, vary in their magnitude, and their hierarchical manifestations, and may be temporally and sequentially altered by treatments, and all contribute to an overall pain phenotype. Furthermore, we link altered psychological processes to specific evidence-based treatments to put forth a model of pain neuroscience psychology. PMID:24374383

Simons, Laura; Elman, Igor; Borsook, David

2014-01-01

358

Psychological and Social Predictors of Suicidal Ideation among Young Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is an enormous amount of literature demonstrating socio-psychological determinants of suicide and self-injurious behaviour among adults or clinical samples of children and adolescents, there is a scarcity of studies focussing on non-clinical adolescent samples. The current study examined associations between self-reported data on…

Kirkcaldy, Bruce D.; Eysenck, Michael W.; Siefen, Georg R.

2004-01-01

359

University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

to purchase Gleitman's book, and be sure to purchase the 8th edition; other sections of Psychology 1 and 2 mayUniversity of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology Psychology 1 General Psychology Summer in the Department of Psychology. Psychology 1 (or its equivalent) is required for prospective majors in Psychology

Doudna, Jennifer A.

360

The Individual Differences Tradition in Counseling Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counseling psychology developed in the 1950s out of applied psychology, which at that time was the application of the psychology of individual differences. The present article traces this historical development, from individual differences psychology through psychological testing, vocational counseling, and student personnel work, to counseling psychology. The individual differences tradition in counseling psychology research and practice is described, and the

René V. Dawis

1992-01-01

361

Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders  

PubMed Central

Involuntary images and visual memories are prominent in many types of psychopathology. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, and psychosis frequently report repeated visual intrusions corresponding to a small number of real or imaginary events, usually extremely vivid, detailed, and with highly distressing content. Both memory and imagery appear to rely on common networks involving medial prefrontal regions, posterior regions in the medial and lateral parietal cortices, the lateral temporal cortex, and the medial temporal lobe. Evidence from cognitive psychology and neuroscience implies distinct neural bases to abstract, flexible, contextualized representations (C-reps) and to inflexible, sensory-bound representations (S-reps). We revise our previous dual representation theory of posttraumatic stress disorder to place it within a neural systems model of healthy memory and imagery. The revised model is used to explain how the different types of distressing visual intrusions associated with clinical disorders arise, in terms of the need for correct interaction between the neural systems supporting S-reps and C-reps via visuospatial working memory. Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy. PMID:20063969

Brewin, Chris R.; Gregory, James D.; Lipton, Michelle; Burgess, Neil

2010-01-01

362

We congratulate the 875 students who completed their undergraduate degrees with concentrations in Psychology, Neuroscience, or Brain, Behavior, & Cognitive Science.  

E-print Network

in Psychology, Neuroscience, or Brain, Behavior, & Cognitive Science. Professor Emeritus, William "Bill" Mc Peter- son, Professor of Psychology & Area Chair of Clinical Psychology. This award honors a senior faculty who has consistently demonstrated outstanding achievements in the areas of scholarly research and

Michigan, University of

363

Doctoral Programs in Psychology, 1957-1958  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each fall the APA Education and Training Board sends to every graduate department with an approved program in clinical or in counseling psychology a detailed questionnaire. This questionnaire asks for information about the number of faculty members in the graduate training program, the number of full-time and part-time graduate students, the number of persons admitted to candidacy for the PhD,

Kenneth E. Clark; Bruce V. Moore

1958-01-01

364

Mechanisms of Mindfulness: A Buddhist Psychological Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several models have explored the possible change mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based interventions from the perspectives\\u000a of multiple disciplines, including cognitive science, affective neuroscience, clinical psychiatry, and psychology. Together,\\u000a these models highlight the complexity of the change process underlying these interventions. However, no one model appears\\u000a to be sufficiently comprehensive in describing the mechanistic details of this change process. In an attempt

Andrea D. Grabovac; Mark A. Lau; Brandilyn R. Willett

2011-01-01

365

The psychological assessment of patients with chronic pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the objectives of psychological evaluations, as well as the standard pain center evaluation protocol\\u000a that uses a pain questionnaire, a structured clinical interview, and pain assessment measures that include pain intensity\\u000a rating scales and the McGill Pain Questionnaire. The most frequently used measures of psychological status, such as the Beck\\u000a Depression Inventory and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality

Allen H. Lebovits

2000-01-01

366

Psychology departments in medical schools: there's one in Canada, eh?  

PubMed

Comments on the original article by Robiner et al. (see record 2014-07939-001) regarding psychologists in medical schools and academic medical center settings. Robiner et al. reported that their extensive review "revealed no independent departments of psychology in U.S. medical schools." The current authors note north of the border in Canada there is one department of psychology in a medical school. The Department of Clinical Health Psychology has been a department within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Manitoba since 1995. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25494995

McIlwraith, Robert D

2014-12-01

367

Psychological stress measure in type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

Psychological stress has been implicated as a cause of several psychosomatic disorders, but also as a factor that can unfavourably influence many diseases including diabetes mellitus. Measure of psychological stress in diabetes was performed by Psychological Stress Measure (PSM), a validated instrument, designed using 49 items drawn from descriptors generated by focus groups on stress. Clinical and psychological framework was assessed in a cohort of 100 type 2 diabetic patients (30 m, 70 f), aged 66.99 +/- 13.68 years considering disease grade, complications and level of instruction. Three other questionnaires were administered concurrently to all patients: Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), Functional Living Index (FLI) and SF-36 QOL. ANOVA statistical testing and Spearman correlation matrix were used also vs socio-cultural and clinical profile. Gender, obesity, diet compliance, smoking do not affect PSM response. Hypertensive patients and those with family history of diabetes show lower PSM scores, according to a sort of moderator effect on stress of concurrent and/or previous experience with chronic disease. Neuromuscular ailments are more prevalent in women; men vs women experience severe limitations of their working capacities and relational possibilities, with severe discomfort. In the whole, higher scores of PSM (greater stress p < 0.01) and lower scores of FLI (fair well-being perception; p < 0.01) are reciprocally related inside any school instruction level. Despite the great reciprocal association of the PSM vs FLI and SIP, no significant correlation is found between PSM vs SF-36 QOL. Socio-cultural elements interfere, and particularly instruction level quantified as school grades achieved, with the manner of living their disease. Interventions on psychological distress of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is warranted, specially in the groups with lower levels of instruction which may need an attentive strategy for achieving a satisfactory coping with this disease. PMID:16705951

Trovato, G M; Catalano, D; Martines, G F; Spadaro, D; Di Corrado, D; Crispi, V; Garufi, G; Di Nuovo, S

2006-01-01

368

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014 Lecture Instructor must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills class for success in lab. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods

Lockery, Shawn

369

1School of Psychology Research Studies in Psychology  

E-print Network

, physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, social psychology and child development. We also have several University departments, industrial companies and departments of local and national government, both), Nijmegen (Netherlands), Copenhagen, Paris and Padova (Italy). Besides the School's own equipment

Heinke, Dietmar

370

Psychology 350A: The Psychology of Human Sexuality Section 901  

E-print Network

of human sexuality, covering relevant theory, research, and cultural facets. Topics include: · a brief history · sex education · anatomy, physiology, and sexual Psychology 350A: The Psychology of Human Sexuality Section 901

Handy, Todd C.

371

[Placebo effect: a contribution of social psychology].  

PubMed

This article reviews the psychosocial variables, which are of interest in the relationship between the patient and the physician. According to a classical model of social psychology, such a relationship might contribute to the placebo/nocebo effects. We develop herein various relational and contextual variables, taking into account four dimensions (intra-individual, interpersonal, positional and ideological) and their potential effects on therapeutic responses. This applies both in the setting of daily clinical practice and of clinical trials. The placebo effect offers an opportunity for collaboration and dialogue between social scientists and physicians. PMID:25391506

Balez, R; Leroyer, C; Couturaud, F

2014-10-01

372

Embodiment in social psychology.  

PubMed

Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are grounded in bodily interaction with the environment. We examine how embodiment is used in social psychology, and we explore the ways in which embodied approaches enrich traditional theories. Although research in this area is burgeoning, much of it has been more descriptive than explanatory. We provide a critical discussion of the trajectory of embodiment research in social psychology. We contend that future researchers should engage in a phenomenon-based approach, highlight the theoretical boundary conditions and mediators involved, explore novel action-relevant outcome measures, and address the role of individual differences broadly defined. Such research will likely provide a more explanatory account of the role of embodiment in general terms as well as how it expands the knowledge base in social psychology. PMID:22777820

Meier, Brian P; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A

2012-10-01

373

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

374

Discursive psychology and feminism.  

PubMed

This appraisal highlights the productive engagement between feminism and discursive psychology (DP). It discusses some of the confluence and tensions between DP and feminism. The two share critical perspectives on science and psychology, a concern with prejudice, and have ideas in common about the constructed nature of social categories, such as gender. One difficulty arises from the relativism associated with the post-structural theoretical underpinnings of DP, which can be understood as politically paralyzing. Another problem comes from an endorsement of a conversation analytic mentality, where identity categories such as gender can only be legitimately used in an analysis when participants' orient to their relevance. The high-profile debates and literature in DP shows it has made a notable contribution to social psychology and its influence can also be found in other areas. A particular influence of DP highlighted in the present appraisal is on gender and language research. PMID:21992501

Weatherall, Ann

2012-09-01

375

Psychological Factors in Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

2008-01-01

376

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

377

Introduction to Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

Dewey, Russell A.

2007-09-03

378

Gender and Psychological Essentialism  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

2010-01-01

379

PSY 303; page 1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

preparation. The website can be found at: www.mhhe.com/cozby10e Recommended Book: American PsychologicalPSY 303; page 1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2012 Monday/Wednesday 10:45-9:45AM Office hours: TBA Texts: Required Book: Cozby, P. (2009). Methods in Behavioral Research (10th ed

Lockery, Shawn

380

Psychology 15: Social Psychology Spring, 2012 Joshua Greene  

E-print Network

Psychology 15: Social Psychology Spring, 2012 Joshua Greene M, W, 1­2:30, Sci Center D 1480 William of the mind in social life, the nature of social interaction, and the application of psychology to social% of your grade. It has four components: a. A commentary on a project source book (one you choose from

Wolfe, Patrick J.

381

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014  

E-print Network

: Familiarity with basic psychological concepts is essential. WR 122 or 123: To focus on APA style writing we. Attendance and participation in lectures and labs will be an essential part of your success in this course and interpret scientific writing about psychology (e.g. peer-reviewed journal articles). Write about psychology

Lockery, Shawn

382

Personality Psychology's Comeback and Its Emerging Symbiosis With Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology's early allegiance to behaviorism and experimental methods led many to disparage personality approaches through- out much of last century. Doubts about personality psychology's viability culminated in Mischel's assertion that measures of per- sonality account for modest amounts of variance in behavior. In the years immediately following this critique, interest in person- ality research waned and many psychology departments dropped

William B. Swann Jr; Conor Seyle

2005-01-01

383

Psychological type and counselling psychology trainees’ choice of counselling orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clarifying the factors which influence choice of counselling orientation is important. This study investigated whether psychological type is associated with choice of orientation in counselling psychology trainees. Sets of questionnaires were sent to 210 counselling psychology trainees in four universities, which resulted in a sample of 84 participants. The measures were the Keirsey Temperament Sorter II and a short demographic

Evi Varlami; Rowan Bayne

2007-01-01

384

Broadening the Boundaries of Psychology through Community Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for community psychology to be included within the discipline boundaries of psychology. In doing this, it will enable psychology to begin to address some of the large scale social issues affecting people's well-being. It will be necessary, however, to incorporate aspects of other disciplines, make explicit the political…

Kagan, Carolyn

2008-01-01

385

Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement  

E-print Network

10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

386

Behavior Analysis and Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines relationships between the fields of behavior analysis and developmental psychology, surveying the influence of behavior-analytic research within developmental psychology and investigating the integration of the two approaches with respect to metatheory and methodology. (Author/MP)

Morris, Edward K.; And Others

1982-01-01

387

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

Bermúdez, José Luis

388

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

389

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan ---Psychology  

E-print Network

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan --- Psychology Traci M. Anderson --- Dental Hygiene Brian H --- Psychology Kristin Bentivogli --- Pyschology Amy Bierowski Bowles --- Psychology Jonathan R. Briggs --- Psychology Michelle R. Broyles --- Dental Hygiene Christopher Burri --- Biology Justin G. Castagne

390

Psychological Treatments to Avoid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain psychological treatments should be avoided, and a list of such treatments would provide valuable guidance for counselors, as well as potential clients. It is well established that some therapies are potentially dangerous, and some fringe therapies are highly unlikely to help clients beyond a placebo effect. This article provides an…

Thomason, Timothy C.

2010-01-01

391

The Progress of Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Koch (1974) has argued that psychology is an imitation science, because it has failed to build an edifice of positive knowledge; and that it cannot logically do any better in the future. This research rejects this skeptical argument but suggests that we should think in a different way about the subject. (Editor/RK)

Farrell, B. A.

1978-01-01

392

APA Educational Psychology Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

2011-01-01

393

Neuroscience with Psychology  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Neuroscience with Psychology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12 Course Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Neuroscience is the study of nerve and delicate organ. By unravelling the mysteries of normal brain function, Neuroscience promotes our

Levi, Ran

394

Quantitative Discourse Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines quantitative-discourse psychology. Illustrates its practice in five research projects, all of which examined naturalistic discourse, investigating: reading time; inference generation; construction of multiple agents (narrators, characters) in literary short stories; tutorial dialog; and dialog patterns in two-party conversations. Notes a…

Graesser, Arthur C.; Swamer, Shane S.; Hu, Xiangen

1997-01-01

395

Logic and psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of strict criteria on which to base the acceptance of science shows that the acceptance of scientific knowledge is based on nonstrict criteria. This nonstrict logic rests to an extent on informal elements derived from psychological observations. In these informal elements of science, one can discern the indeterminacy of scientific knowledge, including its indeterminate content and that the

Michael Polanyi

1968-01-01

396

MA Psychology Optional Modules  

E-print Network

MA Psychology Optional Modules Students choose 30 credits worth of optional modules. The optional. Understanding Emotion (20 credits) The modules would explore the main debates in the neuro-cognitive research a diverse set of example artworks, the module explores how contemporary theory, methods and knowledge from

Miall, Chris

397

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

-motor modules. The techniquesofoperant conditioningcanbeused to explore, differentiate, and link modulesCONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY Edited by Donald A. Dewsbury UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA the animal and the environment. However, the fact that most researchers halt not explored this fit

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

398

Evolutionary Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary developmental psychology is the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (geneÐ environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. The basic assumptions and domains of this emerging Þeld, as related to human life history and social and cognitive development,

David C. Geary; David F. Bjorklund

2000-01-01

399

Psychological aspects of asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma can be affected by stress, anxiety, sadness, and suggestion, as well as by environmental irritants or allergens, exercise, and infection. It also is associated with an elevated prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders. Asthma and these psychological states and traits may mutually potentiate each other through direct psychophysiological mediation, nonadherence to medical regimen, exposure to asthma triggers, and inaccuracy

Paul Lehrer; Jonathan Feldman; Nicholas Giardino; Hye-Sue Song; Karen Schmaling

2002-01-01

400

Psychological Aspects of Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma can be affected by stress, anxiety, sadness, and suggestion, as well as by environmental irritants or allergens, exercise, and infection. It also is associated with an elevated prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders. Asthma and these psychological states and traits may mutually potentiate each other through direct psychophysiological mediation, nonadherence to medical regimen, exposure to asthma triggers, and inaccuracy

Paul Lehrer; Jonathan Feldman; Nicholas Giardino; Hye-Sue Song; Karen Schmaling

2002-01-01

401

Space Psychology and Psychiatry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

2003-09-01

402

Internship in counseling psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed the current status of internships in counseling psychology through a questionnaire distributed to 583 organizations in 4 categories: (a) university and college counseling centers, (b) veterans administration hospitals and regional centers, (c) rehabilitation centers, and (d) jewish vocational services. The questionnaire covered all aspects of internship experience including sponsorship, format, content, facilities, qualifications of those responsible, future plans, and

Barbara A. Kirk; Arnold H. Chin

1971-01-01

403

Confronting Psychology's Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Isaac Prilleltensky (this issue, pp. 116-136) seeks to make community psychology a more effective force for social justice. His discussion of psychopolitical validity raises a number of questions: How perfect must the theoretical framework be to usefully oppose unjust power? In what way is the notion of "psychopolitical validity" most useful? How…

Fox, Dennis

2008-01-01

404

Rediscovering Differential Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on the original article, "Many forms of culture," by A. B. Cohen. Cohen offered an eye-opening review of how culture means much more than ethnicity within a nation or differences between nations. After developing a much-expanded definition of culture, he concluded, "I have lamented the fact that psychology has focused on some important…

Takooshian, Harold

2010-01-01

405

The foundations of psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We compare certain trains of thought in philosophy of mind and artificial intelligence which lead to a remarkable convergence of ideas. Demands from philosophy that psy- chological theories have predictive power join with demands from artificial intelligence that machines adaptively maintain their own mental state to suggest a conception of minds as narrowly realized psychological theories. We use this

Richard A. Kasschau

1923-01-01

406

Psychological Techniques for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the application of counseling, guidance, and counseling psychology principles in the classroom. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the role of counseling and guidance in schools, and chapter 2 presents basic theoretical models applicable to teachers, including the theories of Piaget, Kohlberg, Erikson, and Havighurst. Chapter 3…

Locke, Don C.; Ciechalski, Joseph C.

407

On Psychological Liberation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The liberation of oppressed people involves a kind of subjective or psychological liberation as well as an objective (political, economic, and social) one. It is time to define what such subjective liberation involves, how it can be achieved, and its relationship to objective liberation and other objective social conditions. (RJ)

Shapiro, David

1972-01-01

408

Social Psychology's "Racism."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the following theories proposed by social psychologists to explain popular resistance to affirmative action strategies: (1) the naivete explanation; (2) the symbolic racism theory; and (3) the "realistic" group-conflict theory. Argues that social psychology ignores the public's perception of Blacks as members of a social underclass. (FMW)

Roth, Byron M.

1990-01-01

409

Psychology. About the Department  

E-print Network

and small group practical work, visual perception and motor skills experimental laboratories, a room" rating in the last review of teaching by the QAA and in the recent Research Assessment Exercise our efficiency. As a student in our department you are at the heart of groundbreaking discoveries in psychology

Stone, J. V.

410

Beyond Positive Psychology?  

PubMed Central

The field of positive psychology rests on the assumption that certain psychological traits and processes are inherently beneficial for well-being. We review evidence that challenges this assumption. First, we review data from 4 independent longitudinal studies of marriage revealing that 4 ostensibly positive processes—forgiveness, optimistic expectations, positive thoughts, and kindness—can either benefit or harm well-being depending on the context in which they operate. Although all 4 processes predicted better relationship well-being among spouses in healthy marriages, they predicted worse relationship well-being in more troubled marriages. Then, we review evidence from other research that reveals that whether ostensibly positive psychological traits and processes benefit or harm well-being depends on the context of various noninterpersonal domains as well. Finally, we conclude by arguing that any movement to promote well-being may be most successful to the extent that it (a) examines the conditions under which the same traits and processes may promote versus threaten well-being, (b) examines both healthy and unhealthy people, (c) examines well-being over substantial periods of time, and (d) avoids labeling psychological traits and processes as positive or negative. PMID:21787036

McNulty, James K.; Fincham, Frank D.

2014-01-01

411

Psychological Sciences Division: 1985 Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes research carried out under sponsorship of the Psychological Sciences Division of the U.S. Office of Naval Research during Fiscal Year 1985. The booklet is divided into three programmatic research areas: (1) Engineering Psychology; (2) Personnel and Training; and (3) Group Psychology. Each program is described by an overview…

Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.

412

Student Orientation Guide General Psychology  

E-print Network

to Psychology (Cengage, 10th ed., 2014), by James W. Kalat Be sure to purchase the Kalat book, and be sure options Hardcover, paperback, loose leaf, rental or eBook ZAPS: The Norton Psychology Labs (2009), by TonStudent Orientation Guide PSYC W1 General Psychology June 22-August 14, 2015 Summer Session Online

Rubin, Yoram

413

Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus  

E-print Network

1 Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus Department of Educational Leadership, Sports Studies, and Educational \\ Counseling Psychology, College of Education Washington State University Last Revised by Faculty.ED B. Discipline: Educational Psychology is a general reference to the fields of Educational

Collins, Gary S.

414

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising  

E-print Network

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising Summer 2011 Whether you are choosing courses or deciding on Psychology as your major, a faculty advisor can help you plan your degree and ensure you meet all.rockman@uwinnipeg.ca E-mail for an appt. Contact the Psychology Department Assistant for info

Martin, Jeff

415

Marketing Sport Psychology Consulting Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of applied sport psychology continues to increase in popularity and offers new and exciting career opportunities. In addition to offering consulting services to athletes, coaches, and teams, applied sport psychology professionals also serve military, dance, and business clients (Lloyd & Foster, 2006). This article outlines a 10-step process that sport psychology professionals can use to successfully market their

F. Wayne Blann; Greg Shelley; Sarah C. Gates

2011-01-01

416

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES Program of Study  

E-print Network

and research. Degrees are offered in two specialty areas: Social Psychology and Cognitive and Biological Psychology. Students develop research skills and conduct research in one of these areas, but also acquire perform laboratory research in the fields of animal behavior, social psychology, perception and cognition

Thomas, Andrew

417

Psychology's Role in Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information packet contains eight two- to three-page publications from the American Psychological Association series "Psychological Services for the 21st Century, Psychology's Role in Health Care: Studying Human Behavior; Promoting Health; Saving Health Care Dollars; Providing Mental Health Services." The focus of the series is the connection…

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

418

Psychology in Kansas high schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 227 high schools in Kansas that have a course in psychology were twice surveyed by questionnaires. The first survey revealed that many teachers had little training, no careful technique of teaching was followed, practical psychology was wanted, and there was need for a high school textbook in psychology. The second survey sought to discover what the high schools wanted

W. H. Mikesell

1943-01-01

419

TUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES  

E-print Network

& Language PSY 028 PSYC2209: Developmental Psychology PSY 011 PSYC2301: Computing for Psychologists PSY 110TUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES Tufts in London Tufts Medford PSYC6001: Intro to Social to the ... PSY 001 PSYC1102: Methods and Approaches ... not recommended for Psychology majors PSYC1103

Patel, Aniruddh D.

420

Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

2010-01-01

421

Indigenisation of Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

Dalal, Ajit K.

2011-01-01

422

Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2010-01-01

423

Social Psychology and Health Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses the contribution of social psychology to the field of health education. After a short introduction to health education, the role of social psychology is addressed. This role is referred to as problem-driven applied social psychology. Subsequently, the chapter describes general and specific theories that can be applied to the analysis of psychosocial determinants of health related behaviours,

Gerjo Kok; Herman Schaalma; Hein De Vries; Guy Parcel; Theo Paulussen

1996-01-01

424

Energy Psychology in Disaster Relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy psychology utilizes cognitive operations such as imaginal exposure to traumatic memories or visualization of optimal performance scenarios—combined with physical interventions derived from acupuncture, yoga, and related systems—for inducing psychological change. While a controversial approach, this combination purportedly brings about, with unusual speed and precision, therapeutic shifts in affective, cognitive, and behavioral patterns that underlie a range of psychological concerns.

David Feinstein

2008-01-01

425

Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay  

E-print Network

1 Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay kellyanne.findlay@strath.ac.uk What is Psychology? I study Psychology Tell me what I'm thinking then Psychology's all just common sense What is Psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. There are five main goals, 1. Describe how

Mottram, Nigel

426

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: Psychology Department Head: Richard A.S. in Psychology with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology M.S. in Applied Psychology #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University April 2007 Degree Objectives

Maxwell, Bruce D.

427

MSU Departmental Assessment Report Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

MSU Departmental Assessment Report May, 2009 Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychology (with emphasis on Psychological Science) 1 #12;Summary of Undergraduate Survey Data Since Fall

Maxwell, Bruce D.

428

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A. Block/Majors/Options Offered by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychological Science #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University July

Maxwell, Bruce D.

429

Preface: Evolutionary theory in cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a special-topic issue of Minds and Machines. The special topic is evolutionary psychology, an emerging research program within cognitive psychology. Like cognitive psychology in general, the domain or field of inquiry with which evolutionary psychology is concerned is the discovery of the mechanisms that underwrite our psychological capacities. But unlike cognitive psychology in general, the research program that

Paul Sheldon Davies

1996-01-01

430

296 Department of Psychology Undergraduate Catalogue 201415  

E-print Network

in the basic knowledge and skills necessary for research in psychology, and to sensitize students296 Department of Psychology Undergraduate Catalogue 2014­15 Department of Psychology Chairperson of Psychology offers programs leading to a BA degree in psychology, and to an MA degree in psychology. BA

431

Exploring the Behavioral and Psychological Differences between Male and Female Youth with a History of Fire Involvement  

E-print Network

using the Child Behavior Checklist, the Aggression Questionnaire, and the Children's Firesetting Interview. Results indicated that 85% of youth had clinically significant problems in at least 1 psychological domain. The proportions with clinically...

Morris, Ed M.

2014-08-31

432

Mindfulness Meditation in Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of mindfulness is increasingly being integrated into contemporary clinical psychology. Based in Buddhist philosophy and subsequently integrated into Western health care in the contexts of psychotherapy and stress management, mindfulness meditation is evolving as a systematic clinical intervention. This article describes…

Salmon, Paul; Sephton, Sandra; Weissbecker, Inka; Hoover, Katherine; Ulmer, Christi; Studts, Jamie L.

2004-01-01

433

The organization and delivery of psychological treatments.  

PubMed

This article reviews the major issues which face health providers when they seek to organise the delivery of psychological treatments to best effect. A lack of consensus on efficacy, efficiency and acceptability makes policy decisions difficult. Streamlined focused services offering evidence based interventions for a limited target group are compared with broader enterprises offering comprehensive provision of a range of therapies. The dilemmas that the relative strengths and weaknesses of these two models pose are compared in relation to setting, cost efficiency, patient acceptability, equitable access and the pragmatics of staff training, service delivery and clinical governance. It is suggested that changes in the structure of health service provision more generally and the potential inherent in new technology and innovative ways of working may provide new solutions to some of these difficulties and the successive restructurings of a department of psychological treatments are adduced as an example. PMID:17365160

Denman, Chess

2007-02-01

434

Psychological aftermath of the King's Cross fire.  

PubMed Central

The King's Cross fire occurred at the end of the evening rush hour, on 18 November 1987. King's Cross station is within the department's health district and we felt a responsibility to respond to the psychological aftermath. The unique features of our intervention were the degree of inter agency coordination, the use of a systematic outreach and screening programme, the collection of psychotherapy outcome measures and the development of an ongoing clinic. The work represents a sustained attempt to assess the nature and prevalence of post-traumatic reactions and the most medically and economically effective form of intervention. In this paper we describe the way our team responded to the high level of psychological distress that we found, we present some preliminary results, outline two therapeutic trials, and refer to the longterm consequences for the work of our department. PMID:1994013

Rosser, R; Dewar, S; Thompson, J

1991-01-01

435

Pathological pregnancy and psychological symptoms in women.  

PubMed

Pregnancy is followed by many physiologic, organic and psychological changes and disorders, which can become more serious in pregnancy followed by complications, especially in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the prevalence and intensity of psychological disorders in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy and compare it with conditions in pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research is approved by the Ethical committee of the Mostar University Hospital Center, and it was made in accordance with Helsinki declaration and good clinical practices. The research conducted section for pathology of pregnancy of Department for gynecology and obstetrics of the Mostar University Hospital Center. It included 82 pregnant women with disorders in pregnancy developement and control group consisted of pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research work was conducted from September 2007 to August 2008 in Mostar University Hospital Center. Pregnant women had Standard and laboratory tests, Ultrasound. CTG examinations were done for all pregnant women and additional tests for those women with complications during pregnancy. Pregnant women completed sociobiographical, obstetrical-clinical and psychological SCL 90-R questionnaire. Pregnant women with pathological pregnancy exibited significantly more psychological symptoms in comparison to pregnant women with normal pregnancy (p < 0.001 to p = 0.004). Frequency and intensity of psychical symptoms and disorders statisticly are more characteristic in pathological pregnancy (61%/40.6%). The statistical data indicate a significantly higher score of psychological disorders in those pregnant women with primary school education (p = 0.050), those who take more than 60% carbohydrates (p = 0.001), those with pathological CTG records (p < 0.001), those with pathological ultrasound results (p < 0.001 to 0.216) and those pregnant women with medium obesity and obesity (p = 0.046). Body mass index (BMI) during normal pregnancy development is lower (p = 0.002) but the levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL in blood are higher Blood pressure in pregnant women with pathological pregnancy was statistically significantly higher (p < 0.001). Diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome were found in 19 pregnant women with the pathological pregnancy. Statistically, in those women, a significantly higher appearance of psychological symptoms and disorders was observed in comparison to the pregnant women without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001). The research has shown that 87.8% from all pregnant women included in this study have been hospitalized due to premature birth, hypertensive disorders, and diabetes in pregnancy, and also due to bleeding in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. PMID:23213943

Bjelanovi?, Vedran; Babi?, Dragan; Oreskovi?, Slavko; Tomi?, Vajdana; Martinac, Marko; Juras, Josip

2012-09-01

436

Right-wing authoritarianism, political affiliation, religiosity, and their relation to psychological androgyny  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authoritarian personality is characterized by a traditional attitude towards gender roles that reflects its conservative ideology [T. W. Adorno, E. Frenkel-Brunswik, D. J. Levinson, and R. N. Sanford (1950) The Authoritarian Personality, New York: Norton]. The present study investigated the relationship between S. L. Bem's [(1974) sex roles “The Measurement of Psychological Androgyny,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,

Gidi Rubinstein

1995-01-01

437

Bethany Ann Teachman: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a short biography of one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology. The 2012 winner is Bethany Ann Teachman for transformative, translational research integrating social cognition, life-span, and perceptual approaches to investigating clinical

American Psychologist, 2012

2012-01-01

438

The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

Linda Hatch

2011-01-01

439

Chronic Hepatitis C and Antiviral Treatment Regimens: Where Can Psychology Contribute?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Our goal was to evaluate the existing literature on psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection and antiviral treatment; provide the state of the behavioral science in areas that presently hinder HCV-related health outcomes; and make recommendations for areas in which clinical psychology

Evon, Donna M.; Golin, Carol E.; Fried, Michael W.; Keefe, Francis J.

2013-01-01

440

Frequency and Course of Psychological Distress in Patients Attending an Integrated Primary Care Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent and course of psychological distress were examined in a representative sample of patients attending a primary health care practice in metropolitan Adelaide where general practitioner (GP) and clinical psychologist services are co-located. Scores for psychological distress were similar to national norms. Approximately one in six patients…

Winefield, Helen R.; Turnbull, Deborah A.; Taplin, John E.

2005-01-01

441

Mental Balance and Well-Being: Building Bridges Between Buddhism and Western Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical psychology has focused primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of mental disease, and only recently has scientific attention turned to understanding and cultivating positive mental health. The Buddhist tradition, on the other hand, has focused for over 2,500 years on cultivating exceptional states of mental well-being as well as identifying and treating psychological problems. This article attempts to draw

B. Alan Wallace; Shauna L. Shapiro

2006-01-01

442

Beyond the Mechanics of Infertility: Perspectives on the Social Psychology of Infertility and Involuntary Childlessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the social and social psychological implications of infertility and involuntary childlessness. Examines the clinical and popular literature on the correlates and causes of infertility and the social psychological consequences of infertility. Suggests ways that family practitioners and researchers might overcome some of the limitations.…

Matthews, Anne Martin; Matthews, Ralph

1986-01-01

443

Normality in Analytical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Although C.G. Jung’s interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault’s criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung’s work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault’s own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung’s disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

Myers, Steve

2013-01-01

444

Environmental psychology matters.  

PubMed

Environmental psychology examines transactions between individuals and their built and natural environments. This includes investigating behaviors that inhibit or foster sustainable, climate-healthy, and nature-enhancing choices, the antecedents and correlates of those behaviors, and interventions to increase proenvironmental behavior. It also includes transactions in which nature provides restoration or inflicts stress, and transactions that are more mutual, such as the development of place attachment and identity and the impacts on and from important physical settings such as home, workplaces, schools, and public spaces. As people spend more time in virtual environments, online transactions are coming under increasing research attention. Every aspect of human existence occurs in one environment or another, and the transactions with and within them have important consequences both for people and their natural and built worlds. Environmental psychology matters. PMID:24050189

Gifford, Robert

2014-01-01

445

Traversing psychological distance.  

PubMed

Traversing psychological distance involves going beyond direct experience, and includes planning, perspective taking, and contemplating counterfactuals. Consistent with this view, temporal, spatial, and social distances as well as hypotheticality are associated, affect each other, and are inferred from one another. Moreover, traversing all distances involves the use of abstraction, which we define as forming a belief about the substitutability for a specific purpose of subjectively distinct objects. Indeed, across many instances of both abstraction and psychological distancing, more abstract constructs are used for more distal objects. Here, we describe the implications of this relation for prediction, choice, communication, negotiation, and self-control. We ask whether traversing distance is a general mental ability and whether distance should replace expectancy in expected-utility theories. PMID:24726527

Liberman, Nira; Trope, Yaacov

2014-07-01

446

School Psychology Resources Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 annotated links, this Website offers a valuable directory of online resources in the broad and burgeoning field of school psychology. Resources are divided into two broad categories: Specific Conditions, Disorders, and Disabilities, and Other Information. The first includes listings for such topics as Attention Deficit Disorders, Deafness, Eating Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Substance Abuse, and Tourette's Syndrome. The second catch-all category includes such topics as Adolescence, Assessment/Evaluation, ERIC Clearinghouses, Law and Education, Mental Health, Professional Organizations, and about a dozen others. The links are authoritative, and the Website is updated daily. A features section also includes an online bookstore, daily cartoon, and jobs information. The site is created and maintained by Sandra Steingart, who holds a doctorate in education and works in the Office of Psychological Services in the Baltimore County Public Schools.

447

Psychology of Fertility Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The World Health Organisation (WHO), which, as early as 1967, recognized unwanted childlessness as a disease, anticipates\\u000a an approximate increase of two million new infertile couples. Many couples try to overcome this difficult crisis with the\\u000a help of reproductive medicine. The medical and psychological opportunities regarding treatment, consultation and therapy available\\u000a to the couple to overcome this crisis are extremely

R. Oberpenning; F. A. Muthny; F. Oberpenning

448

Embodiment in social psychology  

E-print Network

., & Zabelina, D. L. (2008). Personality dominance and preferential use of the vertical dimension of space: Evidence from spatial attention paradigms. Psychological Science, 19, 355–361. Niedenthal, P. M., Barsalou, L. W., Winkielman, P., Krauth-Gruber, S... - ogy. From addressing how physiological arousal affects emotions (Schachter, 1959) to examining the influence of high temperatures on aggressive behaviors (Griffit & Veitch, 706 B. P. Meier et al. ?Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2012) 1971), social...

Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John, A.

2012-01-01

449

Noba Psychology Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Noba is an online tool that allows teachers to create their own free psychology textbooks by using provided content. Noba consists of nearly 90 short (2500-4000 word) chapters authored by leading instructors and researchers including 7 winners of the William James Award. Chapters are organized in familiar categories (Development, Learning & Memory, Personality, etc.) for easy reference. All Noba materials are licensed through Creative Commons under the CC BY-NA-SA license terms.

450

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

451

Students interested in a psychology major or minor have two different options at the  

E-print Network

of Psychology and Social Behavior specializes in developmental psychology, health psychology, psychology and law.D. in Psychology and Social Behavior in the following concentrations: Developmental Psychology, Health Psychology, and cultures. Representative Areas for Coursework Developmental Psychology Health Psychologic

Rose, Michael R.

452

Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school…

Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

2014-01-01

453

Association for Applied Sport Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The three interrelated focus areas of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) are health and exercise psychology, performance psychology and social psychology. The aim of the Association is to see how "participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span." Visitors will find that the "About" section of their website has a "History" link, as well as links to "Awards & Grants," "Fellows," and "Special Interest Groups." The "Publications" link has position papers published by the AASP in PDF format at the bottom of the page; topics of the papers include unethical behavior, choosing a sport psychology consultant, and human diversity. Visitors can check out the "Resource Center" link for information for parents, coaches, and athletes, which cover such topics as mental skills training information and how to teach and apply sport psychology skills.

454

Natalie M. Costa, Ph.D. Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

and their relation to cognitive factors, anxiety and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents. Depression completers and non-completers at a child and adolescent community mental health clinic. Community Mental Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 564-574. 9. Weems, C. F., Costa, N. M., Watts, S. E., Taylor L. K

Li, X. Rong

455

Perspectives on Psychological Science 8(5) 558572  

E-print Network

) investigated infant­ mother bonding in nonhuman primates, Byrne (1961) examined links between similarity theory, and Burgess (1926) and Terman (1938) conducted some of the earliest investigations of marriage. Reis, Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, River Campus

Reber, Paul J.

456

Psychological issues in assessing and managing asthma in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma is the most common chronic illness of childhood, accounting for 25% of school absences related to chronic illness. 1 Recent reports, including the Lewiston and Rubenstein report following in this volume, are also heightening our awareness of asthma as a potentially fatal illness. Extensive research into the epidemiology, pathophysiology, biochemistry, psychology, clinical presentation, and medical management of asthma has

Gregory K. Fritz

1987-01-01

457

Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and…

Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

458

Evidence in the Psychological Therapies: A Critical Guide for Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is increasingly used as the benchmark of clinical quality and evidence-based practice is likely to determine standards for psychotherapists in the future. This book explains why psychotherapeutic services should be more evidenced-based, and presents the types of evidence thought to be most relevant to psychological therapies. The…

Mace, Chris, Ed.; Moorey, Stirling, Ed.; Roberts, Bernard, Ed.

459

Psychological Aspects of Sleep Disorders in Children with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews literature and clinical experiences on the neurobiological and psychological aspects of sleep in children with mental retardation. The lack of a universal, operational definition of sleep disorders is noted, and a study is cited in which 61% of a group of 20 children (ages 2-13) with developmental disabilities were found to have…

Smith, David T.

460

Psychological Factors that Promote and Inhibit Pathological Gambling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes qualitative data regarding psychological factors that may affect gambling behavior among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Participants (n = 84) diagnosed with pathological gambling were treated in a clinical trial examining the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Qualitative data were collected from…

Morasco, Benjamin J.; Weinstock, Jeremiah; Ledgerwood, David M.; Petry, Nancy M.

2007-01-01

461

How Writers Journey To Comfort and Fluency: A Psychological Adventure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining the practical lessons of clinical practice and the literature of the disciplines of composition theory and psychology, this book merges what writers say about writing with what researchers and scholars say in a way that helps both experienced and inexperienced writers at the writing desk. The writers depicted in the book are comprised of…

Boice, Robert

462

Integrating Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues into Mainstream Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how clinical and research writings on gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) issues remain invisible to mainstream psychology in such areas as life span development and aging, teen suicide, substance abuse, victimization, and family and couple relationships, examining determinants of wellbeing among GLBs and discussing what mainstream…

Goldfried, Marvin R.

2001-01-01

463

I. Program Overview A one to two-page summary of department's vision and goals. Overview of the Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

move on to applied jobs in hospitals, clinics, agencies, schools, and other organizations of the TTU Teaching Academy (43% of the current psychology faculty), which is a peer-reviewed association excellence in Psychology, 100% membership of the Psychology faculty on the TTU Graduate Faculty (peer

Rock, Chris

464

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms underlying behavioural phenomena. These approaches range from examining the  

E-print Network

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms. The Department of Psychology at the University of Lethbridge emphasizes three major experimental approaches by the department reflect this emphasis, courses in other areas of psychology--including social and clinical

Seldin, Jonathan P.

465

Psychological Assessment through Performance-Based Techniques and Self-Reports: A Case Study of a Sexually Abused Girl at Preschool Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological

Khalily, Muhammad Tahir; Hallahan, Brian

2011-01-01

466

Mentoring and Psychological Contract Breach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Mentoring and psychological contracts are related and important organizationally based social exchange relationships. Research\\u000a indicates that social support from internal mentors might buffer the negative effects of psychological contract breach (PCB),\\u000a but less is known about the possible negative influence that mentors might have on psychological contracts. This study investigates\\u000a protégés' perceptions of their mentors’ failure to fulfill mentoring obligations

Dana L. Haggard

467

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-print Network

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

468

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

469

University of Sussex School of Psychology  

E-print Network

University of Sussex School of Psychology PhD in Psychology Course details for 2014 entry School of Psychology The School of Psychology has a thriving community of research students who enjoy excellent areas of psychology in which School faculty specialise. All postgraduate research students are eligible

Sussex, University of

470

Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and  

E-print Network

1 Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations College of Education in Educational Psychology School Psychology Concentration The mission of the School Psychology concentration in the Educational Psychology Ph.D. program at Wayne State University is to prepare professionals to effectively work

Berdichevsky, Victor

471

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR  

E-print Network

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR REQUIREMENTS (Effective August 2012) Name: ID#: First Semester FOUNDATION COURSES (20 units): PSYC-101 General Psychology PSYC-260 Psychological Statistics PSYC-270 Biological Psychology RHET 203 Writing in Psychology (or RHET 301) PSYC-265 Research Design ONE DIVERSITY

Galles, David

472

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist  

E-print Network

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials.Sc. in Psychology must have an Honours degree in Psychology or an undergraduate degree in Psychology (or a related for coursework (Maximum 10 pages). GRE Test Scores: General & Advanced Psychology SUBMIT ­ IF APPLICABLE Official

Northern British Columbia, University of

473

Pedagogy at the Berlin Psychological Congress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports the pedagogical problems considered at the fifth congress of the German Society for Experimental Psychology. The significance of psychological investigations for pedagogy; a group of papers dealing with some of the fundamental problems of pedagogy; and discussions of theoretical psychology, were considered. The papers discussed were: importance of psychology for other sciences and practical affairs; modern psychology of the

W. Peters

1912-01-01

474

Positive psychology: Past, present, and (possible) future  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is positive psychology? Where has it come from? Where is it going? These are the questions we address in this article. In defining positive psychology, we distinguish between the meta-psychological level, where the aim of positive psychology is to redress the imbalance in psychology research and practice, and the pragmatic level, which is concerned with what positive psychologists do,

P. Alex Linley; Stephen Joseph; Susan Harrington; Alex M. Wood

2006-01-01

475

A Contemporary Story of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

2012-01-01

476

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

1999-01-01

477

Psychology practice: design for tomorrow.  

PubMed

This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential building blocks: evidence-based practice, treatment guidelines, technology, classifications of function, diagnostic systems, outcomes measurement, and integrated health care. The goal is twofold: to make psychological services more accessible to the public and to position psychology for an increasingly major role in health care in order to serve the public weal in diverse communities. PMID:21766979

Goodheart, Carol D

2011-01-01

478

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

479

Psychological issues in patient outcomes.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the psychological issues of facial plastic surgery patients. It begins with a review of the research on the preoperative psychological characteristics of cosmetic surgery patients. Results from the studies assessing postoperative changes in psychological status are reviewed. The psychological issues of specific patient groups, including adolescents and male patients, are discussed. Individuals who undergo plastic surgical procedures as a result of craniofacial anomalies or facial injuries often face a myriad of psychosocial challenges. These issues are outlined in brief. The article concludes with a discussion of two psychiatric conditions, body dysmorphic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, that may be frequently encountered by facial plastic surgeons. PMID:12063660

Sarwer, David B; Crerand, Canice E

2002-05-01

480

Perfectionism Affects Change in Psychological Symptoms.  

PubMed

The primary goal of this study was to examine how perfectionism affects psychological symptoms during the course of treatment. We examined session-by-session symptom changes in a sample of 105 adult clients who presented for counseling at a psychology training clinic housed at a large Midwestern university in the United States. Using a recently developed measure of perfectionism (Short Almost Perfect Scale [SAPS]) that possesses good psychometric features, we were able to investigate effects of both maladaptive (high self-criticism) and adaptive (high standards with low self-criticism) perfectionistic characteristics on indicators of personal and interpersonal psychological distress across time. Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that both symptomatic distress and interpersonal problems improved over the course of therapy. Maladaptive perfectionism was associated with higher levels of interpersonal problems and distress at the outset of therapy, and related differentially to change patterns in symptom distress and interpersonal problems over the course of treatment. Maladaptive perfectionism, however, was not related to level of symptoms at the end of therapy. Adaptive perfectionistic characteristics were associated with fewer interpersonal problems at the beginning and end of therapy. Results suggest the value of assessing perfectionistic characteristics at the onset of treatment, even for clients not presenting with obvious concerns linked to such individual differences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24866970

Rice, Kenneth G; Sauer, Eric M; Richardson, Clarissa M E; Roberts, Kristin E; Garrison, Angela M

2014-05-26

481

[Relationship between Balance Control and Psychological Factors.  

PubMed

Goal: The goal of the study was to capture the relationship between motor balance and psychological factors, using sport-motoric tests as well as subjective self-evaluations. Method: The balance control of 118 patients of a psychosomatic rehabilitation clinic was examined at the beginning and end of rehabilitation using various motor tests. Additionally, psychological variables including self-esteem (MSWS), degree of anxiety (BAI) and depressive symptoms (BDI) were assessed. To examine subjective self-evaluation a numerical analog scale and a questionnaire with open questions were used. Content analysis was performed on the questionnaire. Results: In the area of physical self-esteem, especially sportiness, low to moderate correlations were found between self-esteem and balance. No significant relationship was found between anxiety or depressive symptoms and balance. In the open questions most patients described a distinct connection between emotional distress and balance. The participation in the tests was often a topic in their therapy. Discussion: The expected relationship between psychological factors and motor balance could be only partially confirmed. A question is raised as to whether this relationship appears merely in situations of acute stress, as detected in the patients answers to the open questions. Addressing the study in psychotherapie an indication that balance tasks are well suited for the subjective experience and discussion of psychosomatic relationships. PMID:25485600

Grub, Elisabeth Johanna; Wydra, Georg; Köllner, Volker

2014-12-01

482

Psychology of Intelligence Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new full-length book from the CIA's center for the Study of Intelligence is an attempt to translate and make available to intelligence analysts selected cognitive psychology technical reports on the processing of incomplete and ambiguous information. Compiled by Richards J. Heuer, Jr., the volume "pulls together and republishes, with some editing, updating, and additions, articles written during 1978-86 for internal use within the CIA Directorate of Intelligence." Users can read the full text of the report by section and chapter in HTML format.

Heuer, Richards J.

483

Cahiers de Psychology Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition  

E-print Network

Cahiers de Psychology Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition 1998, 17 (45), 951-969 Current, working memory. Correspondence should be sent to Marta Kutas, Department of Cogni- tive Science, UCSD, La changes in air pressure on the eardrums into a meaningful sound as well as those that allow us to know

Kutas, Marta

484

Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

2009-01-01

485

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

* Multicultural America Complete the following prerequisite courses: Psych 307 Writing Within Psychology Psych 308.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 Complete one gender issues course from the following: Pl Sc 472* Internatnl Political Economy of Women Psych 306 Psychology of Gender Soc 367 Sociology of Gender WS 222 Introduction to Women

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

486

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2013  

E-print Network

is essential. WR 122 or 123: To focus on APA style writing we expect that you have passed the introductory will be an essential part of your success in this course. Small group discussions will be a component of class lectures-making in the design of psychology research. Learn how to find and interpret scientific writing about psychology (e

Lockery, Shawn

487

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014 Lecture: TR 10:00am-11:20 am Jaqua should bring it to class. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you; it is the conceptual understanding of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand

Lockery, Shawn

488

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662 Lecture: TR 12:00pm-1. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you to descriptive of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand the concepts, you will probably have

Lockery, Shawn

489

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 2/13 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

490

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language  

E-print Network

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 20112012 Psychology School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011

Edinburgh, University of

491

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 1/12 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

492

Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach…

Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

2006-01-01

493

Community psychology practice: expanding the impact of psychology's work.  

PubMed

This article introduces the reader to community psychology practice by defining the field and its key principles and then illustrating through brief case stories what community psychology practice looks like in various employment settings. An exploration of the development of the field includes a review of the competencies of community psychology practice. Finally, the emerging opportunities for community psychology practice for psychologists are outlined. Well-publicized issues such as health disparities give psychologists an opportunity to bring social problems such as racism, sexism, homophobia, and income inequality to the forefront and to create community-wide efforts to improve the ways in which people live. Community psychology practice offers psychologists a format and a set of competencies for moving forward on this work by focusing on approaches that are ecological, community centered, population based, preventive, focused on systems change and empowerment, and multidisciplinary and that bring those most affected by the issues to the heart of the decision making. PMID:25486164

Wolff, Tom

2014-11-01

494

The psychology of humanness.  

PubMed

This chapter explores the ways in which the concept of "humanness" illuminates a wide and fascinating variety of psychological phenomena. After introducing the concept--everyday understandings of what it is to be human--we present a model of the diverse ways in which humanness can be denied to people. According to this model people may be perceived as lacking uniquely human characteristics, and thus likened to animals, or as lacking human nature, and thus likened to inanimate objects. Both of these forms of dehumanization occur with varying degrees of subtlety, from the explicit uses of derogatory animal metaphors, to stereotypes that ascribe lesser humanness or simpler minds to particular groups, to nonconscious associations between certain humans and nonhumans. After reviewing research on dehumanization through the lens of our model we examine additional topics that the psychology of humanness clarifies, notably the perception of nonhuman animals and the objectification of women. Humanness emerges as a concept that runs an integrating thread through a variety of research literatures. PMID:23947277

Haslam, Nick; Loughnan, Steve; Holland, Elise

2013-01-01

495

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology Distance Education Program A 36-credit hour distance education Selected Courses in Applied Educational Psychology Courses offered via distance education for the Applied Educational Psychology program are taught by faculty with esteemed national

Tennessee, University of

496

Memorial University Counselling Centre Professional Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Memorial University Counselling Centre Doctoral Professional Psychology Residency Programme 2013-2014 Accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association www of Counseling Services (IACS) www.iacsinc.org Participating Member: Canadian Council of Professional Psychology

deYoung, Brad

497

Psychological Processes in Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a process that has a profound psychological impact on one in nine American women and their families. Despite pervasive depression in women during breast cancer surgery and treatment, a woman's psychological state before breast cancer is one of the best predictors of adjustment to the disease one year after surgery. Successful adjustment is found in women who

Renee Royak-Schaler

1992-01-01

498

Educational psychology within teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a context where the role of the teacher and teacher education are undergoing considerable change, the role of educational psychology in teacher preparation is discussed within a new framework. Educational psychology is now perceived as an inherent component within teacher training and professional development, having previously been an additional course and often considered irrelevant to teaching practice. The current

Maria Poulou

2005-01-01

499

Counseling Psychology's Wide New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it truly important to "internationalize" counseling psychology? If so, how can we best do this? This reaction to Leong and Ponterotto (2003) documents four general points about international psychology today--its origins, growth, ethnocentrism, and diversity--and relates these to their bold and comprehensive proposal to internationalize…

Takooshian, Harold

2003-01-01

500

Psychology Practice: Design for Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential…

Goodheart, Carol D.

2011-01-01