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Sample records for clinical psychology

  1. Clinical Psychology UNIVERSITYOFTASMANIA

    E-print Network

    Wapstra, Erik

    Clinical Psychology UNIVERSITYOFTASMANIA Postgraduate courses in Psychology: pathwayto opportunity. #12;Professional Training in Clinical Psychology Postgraduate training in clinical psychology of Psychology ­ MPsych(Clin) · Doctor of Psychology ­ DPsych(Clin) · Doctor of Philosophy ­ PhD(Clin) Students

  2. Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well established best practice in teaching and research

  3. The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Date: Wednesday, March 25, PhD. ­ Dr. Alytia Levendosky is a Professor of Clinical Psychology and the Director of Clinical Psychology program. Her research interests involve interpersonal processes, particularly within attachment

  4. What is Clinical Psychology? The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to un-

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    What is Clinical Psychology? The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. Clini- cal Psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across

  5. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    2014-2015 CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK The Texas Tech Univeristy Clinical Psychology doctoral program is accredited by the American PsychologicalAssociation (APA: Office of Program Consultation and Accreditation American Psychology Association 750 First Street, N. E

  6. APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY. A current curriculum vitae 4. A comprehensive psychological assessment report (with all client). #12;Test Administration Please indicate all instruments used by you in your assessment experience

  7. Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America

    E-print Network

    Psychology Non Clinical Sites For Internship Bank of America Capital Area Food Bank (CAFB) Center Psychology Clinical Sites For Internship Barrett Transitional Home Behavioral Psychology Research City Schools- Psychological Services Newport News Court Services Newport News Probation and Parole

  8. Virginia Commonwealth University Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program

    E-print Network

    Hammack, Richard

    Virginia Commonwealth University Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program Student Admissions, Outcomes if not applicable: http://www.psychology.vcu.edu/clinical/program.shtml Program Costs Description 2014-2015 1 st internships conforming to CDSPP guidelines that were not APA/CPA-accredited (if applicable) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  9. The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    Evaluations Using Psychological Tests 10.4 Informed Consent for Assessments 10.5 Release of Test DataTEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and Requirements FALL 2013 Edition AND OTHER RESOURCES 10.1 Types of Assessments 10.2 Appropriateness of Testing 10.3 Qualifications to Perform

  10. MSc in Clinical Psychology School of Business, Reykjavik University

    E-print Network

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    MSc in Clinical Psychology School of Business, Reykjavik University Forensic Psychology (Semester 4, 3 ECTS) [Elective] Description This course examines the psychology of crime, psychopathology testimony, face recognition, and legal and courtroom psychology; the impact on victims; individual

  11. Understanding egorrhea from cultural-clinical psychology

    PubMed Central

    Sasaki, Jun; Wada, Kaori; Tanno, Yoshihiko

    2013-01-01

    Based on his observations in Japanese clinical settings, Fujinawa (1972) conceptualized egorrhea syndrome, which includes symptoms such as erythrophobia, fear of eye-to-eye confrontation, olfactory reference syndrome, delusions of soliloquy, delusions of sleep talking, and thought broadcasting. The key feature of this syndrome is self-leakage, a perceived sense that one's personal internal information, such as feelings and thoughts, are leaking out. To reach a more comprehensive understanding of egorrhea, this paper aims to present general overview and reconsider the phenomenon of self-leakage using cultural-clinical psychology as a framework. First, the symptoms of egorrhea are reviewed in relation to other related psychopathologies such as social anxiety disorder (SAD) and taijin kyofusho (TKS), as well as schizophrenia. Second, a series of empirical studies conducted using Japanese non-clinical samples are summarized. The results of these studies form the basis for subsequent discussions, which incorporates the cultural-clinical psychology perspective proposed by Ryder et al. (2011). This paper ends with a general discussion regarding implications for research and clinical practice. PMID:24348445

  12. Four years full-time Forensic Clinical Psychology Doctorate

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    Four years full-time Forensic Clinical Psychology Doctorate School of Psychology There is an increasing need in prisons, forensic mental health and community settings for psychologists to be able psychological practice at doctoral level nThe qualification confers a dual qualification: British Psychological

  13. Clinical Psychological Science The Author(s) 2013

    E-print Network

    Clinical Psychological Science XX(X) 1­14 © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub-article2013 Corresponding Author: Deanna M. Barch, Departments of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Radiology Cohen2 , and John G. Csernansky3 1 Departments of Psychology, Psychiatry, and Radiology, Washington

  14. Predictors of Psychological Distress among Infertility Clinic Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrow, Kelly A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Investigated predictors of psychological distress among infertility clinic patients. Analyses indicated that infertile men and women reported greater psychological distress than the general population. Self-blame and avoidance coping significantly predicted psychological distress among men and women. Increased age and childlessness added to…

  15. MSc in Clinical Psychology School of Business, Reykjavik University

    E-print Network

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    MSc in Clinical Psychology School of Business, Reykjavik University Organisational Psychology (Semester 4, 3 ECTS) [Elective] Description This course examines psychological principles and practice-being, stress, and work- life balance; dealing with negative organisational culture (e.g., bullying, gender bias

  16. APPLICATIONS FOR ADMISSION TO CANDIDATURE PhD (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY)

    E-print Network

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    APPLICATIONS FOR ADMISSION TO CANDIDATURE for the PhD (CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY) REQUIREMENTS Applicants, or three year plus a fourth year, Australian Psychology Accreditation Council (APAC) accredited sequence in psychology, which has been completed in the last 10 years, with an upper second class Honours (2A) or above

  17. Psychology 102 (Section 921) Introduction to Developmental, Personality, Social, & Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Handy, Todd C.

    in psychology. This REC will be worth 2% of your grade in the class and you are free to choose one of two1 Psychology 102 (Section 921) Introduction to Developmental, Personality, Social, & Clinical Psychology CIRS 1250 Tuesday and Thursday 5:00 - 7

  18. Integrative Data Analysis in Clinical Psychology Research

    PubMed Central

    Hussong, Andrea M.; Curran, Patrick J.; Bauer, Daniel J.

    2013-01-01

    Integrative Data Analysis (IDA), a novel framework for conducting the simultaneous analysis of raw data pooled from multiple studies, offers many advantages including economy (i.e., reuse of extant data), power (i.e., large combined sample sizes), the potential to address new questions not answerable by a single contributing study (e.g., combining longitudinal studies to cover a broader swath of the lifespan), and the opportunity to build a more cumulative science (i.e., examining the similarity of effects across studies and potential reasons for dissimilarities). There are also methodological challenges associated with IDA, including the need to account for sampling heterogeneity across studies, to develop commensurate measures across studies, and to account for multiple sources of study differences as they impact hypothesis testing. In this review, we outline potential solutions to these challenges and describe future avenues for developing IDA as a framework for studies in clinical psychology. PMID:23394226

  19. Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology (Semester 3, 4 ECTS) Description

    E-print Network

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology (Semester 3, 4 ECTS) Description This course provides advanced study of child and adolescent clinical psychology, with reference to etiology, symptomology the developmental and systemic (i.e., family, school, community) contexts of child, adolescent, and family problems

  20. Revisioning Clinical Psychology: Integrating Cultural Psychology into Clinical Research and Practice with Portuguese Immigrants

    PubMed Central

    James, Susan; Harris, Sara; Foster, Gary; Clarke, Juanne; Gadermann, Anne; Morrison, Marie; Bezanson, Birdie Jane

    2013-01-01

    This article outlines a model for conducting psychotherapy with people of diverse cultural backgrounds. The theoretical foundation for the model is based on clinical and cultural psychology. Cultural psychology integrates psychology and anthropology in order to provide a complex understanding of both culture and the individual within his or her cultural context. The model proposed in this article is also based on our clinical experience and mixed-method research with the Portuguese community. The model demonstrates its value with ethnic minority clients by situating the clients within the context of their multi-layered social reality. The individual, familial, socio-cultural, and religio-moral domains are explored in two research projects, revealing the interrelation of these levels/contexts. The article is structured according to these domains. Study 1 is a quantitative study that validates the Agonias Questionnaire in Ontario. The results of this study are used to illustrate the individual domain of our proposed model. Study 2 is an ethnography conducted in the Azorean Islands, and the results of this study are integrated to illustrate the other three levels of the model, namely family, socio-cultural, and the religio-moral levels. PMID:23720642

  1. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the

    E-print Network

    Thomas, Andrew

    CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Program of Study The doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Maine prepares students for the doctorate (Ph.D.) in psychology and for careers combining research and clinical practice. The program is fully accredited by the American Psychological Association

  2. Enrichment of the Educational Psychology Curriculum through Clinical Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaker, Paul; Ullrich, Walter

    An educational psychology curriculum for preservice teachers that attempts to overcome some of the shortcomings of most such curricula while providing clinical experience is described. The curriculum is based on three major propositions: (1) preservice teachers must acquire psychologically informed inquiry skills and a general understanding of…

  3. INTERESTED IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY GRAD SCHOOL? HERE'S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW! INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE COUNCIL OF UNIVERSITY DIRECTORS OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY (CUDCP)

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    INTERESTED IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY GRAD SCHOOL? HERE'S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW! INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE COUNCIL OF UNIVERSITY DIRECTORS OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY (CUDCP) Rev 12/1/10 HOW DO I KNOW IF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IS THE BEST TYPE OF TRAINING FOR ME? Clinical psychologists serve in many roles as they work

  4. Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    Profile: Clinical Child Psychology This program is jointly affiliated with the Departments of Psychology: Clinical Child Psychology Highly interdisciplinary program: see program website listed above for faculty

  5. Clinical Psychology: A Research and Development Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broskowski, Anthony

    The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical research and development (R and D) model along with the rationale for its implementation and a sample training program for clinical psychologists. Although it may be possible to correct some problems by a clearer restatement of the scientist-professional model, a new model of clinical R and D has…

  6. Department of Psychology Applications are being accepted for a tenure-track position in clinical psychology at the Assistant

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Department of Psychology Applications are being accepted for a tenure-track position in clinical psychology at the Assistant Professor rank, effective July 1, 2016. Preference will be given to applicants with research and applied interests in clinical child psychology, particularly if they also have research

  7. Current Status and Future Prospects of Clinical Psycholog

    PubMed Central

    Baker, Timothy B.; McFall, Richard M.; Shoham, Varda

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY The escalating costs of health care and other recent trends have made health care decisions of great societal import, with decision-making responsibility often being transferred from practitioners to health economists, health plans, and insurers. Health care decision making increasingly is guided by evidence that a treatment is efficacious, effective–disseminable, cost-effective, and scientifically plausible. Under these conditions of heightened cost concerns and institutional–economic decision making, psychologists are losing the opportunity to play a leadership role in mental and behavioral health care: Other types of practitioners are providing an increasing proportion of delivered treatment, and the use of psychiatric medication has increased dramatically relative to the provision of psychological interventions. Research has shown that numerous psychological interventions are efficacious, effective, and cost-effective. However, these interventions are used infrequently with patients who would benefit from them, in part because clinical psychologists have not made a convincing case for the use of these interventions (e.g., by supplying the data that decision makers need to support implementation of such interventions) and because clinical psychologists do not themselves use these interventions even when given the opportunity to do so. Clinical psychologists’ failure to achieve a more significant impact on clinical and public health may be traced to their deep ambivalence about the role of science and their lack of adequate science training, which leads them to value personal clinical experience over research evidence, use assessment practices that have dubious psychometric support, and not use the interventions for which there is the strongest evidence of efficacy. Clinical psychology resembles medicine at a point in its history when practitioners were operating in a largely prescientific manner. Prior to the scientific reform of medicine in the early 1900s, physicians typically shared the attitudes of many of today’s clinical psychologists, such as valuing personal experience over scientific research. Medicine was reformed, in large part, by a principled effort by the American Medical Association to increase the science base of medical school education. Substantial evidence shows that many clinical psychology doctoral training programs, especially PsyD and for-profit programs, do not uphold high standards for graduate admission, have high student–faculty ratios, deemphasize science in their training, and produce students who fail to apply or generate scientific knowledge. A promising strategy for improving the quality and clinical and public health impact of clinical psychology is through a new accreditation system that demands highquality science training as a central feature of doctoral training in clinical psychology. Just as strengthening training standards in medicine markedly enhanced the quality of health care, improved training standards in clinical psychology will enhance health and mental health care. Such a system will (a) allow the public and employers to identify scientifically trained psychologists; (b) stigmatize ascientific training programs and practitioners; (c) produce aspirational effects, thereby enhancing training quality generally; and (d) help accredited programs improve their training in the application and generation of science. These effects should enhance the generation, application, and dissemination of experimentally supported interventions, thereby improving clinical and public health. Experimentally based treatments not only are highly effective but also are cost-effective relative to other interventions; therefore, they could help control spiraling health care costs. The new Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System (PCSAS) is intended to accredit clinical psychology training programs that offer highquality science-centered education and training, producing graduates who are successful in generating and applying scientific knowledge

  8. Goonery in British clinical psychology: the Duracic spark.

    PubMed

    Hodgson, R J

    1999-07-01

    Stanley Rachman, known to his colleagues as Jack Durac, has had a powerful influence on British clinical psychology. It is hypothesised that Duracic goonery has played a major role in the development of new treatments, as well as in the training of new clinical psychologists. Objective, historical evidence is assembled to support the view that this Duracic spark should be brought out into the field of scientific discourse and should not be hidden behind more comfortable jargon. PMID:10402703

  9. NAACL HLT 2015 Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    on mental health care in 2006. Some 25 million American adults will have an episode of major depression of dementia, and screening for depression. ACL 2014 hosted the first Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology Workshop, which brought together the researchers in this nascent field. This workshop was a great

  10. A Short History of the Future: Feminism and Clinical Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marecek, Jeanne; Hare-Mustin, Rachel T.

    1991-01-01

    This brief history of feminism in clinical psychology traces the movement from its early criticism of the mental health establishment through the gender role issues of the present. Feminist innovations in theory are detailed, and feminists are urged to concentrate on issues of gender and power. (SLD)

  11. Comparing School and Clinical Psychology Internship Applicant Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahoney, Emery B.; Perfect, Michelle M.; Edwinson, Roxanne M.

    2015-01-01

    The ratio of internship applicants to internship positions listed in the online directory of the Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers (APPIC) is estimated at 1.23:1. In 2014a, approximately 14% of all students who participated in the match were not placed. Although the internship crisis impacts students in clinical,…

  12. Tobacco Cessation Training in Clinical Psychology and Clinical Social Work Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleinfelder, JoAnn

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the tobacco and smoking cessation training and curriculum in graduate clinical psychology and graduate clinical social work programs. The current status of the clinical graduate programs' tobacco education curricula was evaluated by using the Transtheoretical Model's Stages of Change. Perceived barriers to…

  13. Sheffield Psychology department is among the largest in the UK, and represents the broad spectrum of the discipline (neuroscience, and developmental, social, and clinical psychology). Psychology at Sheffield

    E-print Network

    Stone, J. V.

    Sheffield Psychology department is among the largest in the UK, and represents the broad spectrum of the discipline (neuroscience, and developmental, social, and clinical psychology). Psychology at Sheffield hasth in the UK in terms of research power (i.e., quality x quantity of research activity). Research

  14. Development of Clinical Psychology and Mental Health Resources in Vietnam

    PubMed Central

    Dang, Hoang-Minh; Ngo, Victoria; Pollack, Amie; Sang, David; Lam, Trung T.; Nguyen, My Loc Thi; Le, Huynh-Nhu; Tran, Nam; Tran, Cong; Do, Khanh N.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss development of the Vietnam National University graduate Clinical Psychology Program, which has the goal of training both Vietnamese researchers who will develop and evaluate culturally appropriate mental health treatments, as well as Vietnamese clinicians who will implement and help disseminate these evidence-based treatments. We first review the background situation in Vietnam regarding mental health, and its infrastructure and training needs, and discuss the process through which the decision was made to develop a graduate program in clinical psychology as the best approach to address these needs. We then review the development process for the program and its current status, and our focus on the schools as a site for service provision and mental health task shifting. Finally, we outline future goals and plans for the program, and discuss the various challenges that the program has faced and our attempts to resolve them. PMID:21785513

  15. Introduction to Clinical Psychology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    areas, including abnormal psychology and research methods. Class periods will be used to emphasize1 Introduction to Clinical Psychology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Psychology 505 Sample Syllabus Required Books: American Psychological Association (1997). Getting in: A step by step

  16. The CWRU Psychology Clinic is a mental health service and training

    E-print Network

    Turc, Catalin

    Who we are The CWRU Psychology Clinic is a mental health service and training center operated by the Department of Psychological Sciences. Services are provided by graduate students enrolled in the Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program at CWRU. All student therapists are closely supervised by licensed psychologists

  17. Mentor Relationships in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training: Results of a National Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Richard A.; Harden, Sherry L.; Johnson, W. Brad

    2000-01-01

    Provides a contemporary picture of mentor relationships in clinical psychology, focusing on 787 survey respondents who were U.S. members or associates of the American Psychological Association and graduated with a PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology in 1994, 1995, or 1996. Presents the results and discusses implications for graduate education. (CMK)

  18. Handbook of the Clinical Psychology Program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    1 Handbook of the Clinical Psychology Program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst 2014 - 2015 Course requirements and other regulations affecting students in the Clinical Psychology program in conjunction with the Psychology Department's Graduate Program Policies and the Graduate School Bulletin. #12

  19. Handbook of the Clinical Psychology Program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    1 Handbook of the Clinical Psychology Program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst 2015 - 2016 Course requirements and other regulations affecting students in the Clinical Psychology program in conjunction with the Psychology Department's Graduate Program Policies and the Graduate School Bulletin. #12

  20. Guidelines for clinical supervision in health service psychology.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    This document outlines guidelines for supervision of students in health service psychology education and training programs. The goal was to capture optimal performance expectations for psychologists who supervise. It is based on the premises that supervisors (a) strive to achieve competence in the provision of supervision and (b) employ a competency-based, meta-theoretical approach to the supervision process. The Guidelines on Supervision were developed as a resource to inform education and training regarding the implementation of competency-based supervision. The Guidelines on Supervision build on the robust literatures on competency-based education and clinical supervision. They are organized around seven domains: supervisor competence; diversity; relationships; professionalism; assessment/evaluation/feedback; problems of professional competence, and ethical, legal, and regulatory considerations. The Guidelines on Supervision represent the collective effort of a task force convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs (BEA). PMID:25581007

  1. Exploring Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students' Attitudes towards Adults with Substance Use Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundon, Chandra R.

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to determine whether clinical psychology doctoral students hold uniquely stigmatizing views of adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) compared to adults with other clinical disorders. Through the use of clinical vignettes and attitudinal measures, three hypotheses investigated clinical psychology doctoral students'…

  2. Empirically supported psychological treatments: the challenge of evaluating clinical innovations.

    PubMed

    Church, Dawson; Feinstein, David; Palmer-Hoffman, Julie; Stein, Phyllis K; Tranguch, Anthony

    2014-10-01

    Clear and transparent standards are required to establish whether a therapeutic method is "evidence based." Even when research demonstrates a method to be efficacious, it may not become available to patients who could benefit from it, a phenomenon known as the "translational gap." Only 30% of therapies cross the gap, and the lag between empirical validation and clinical implementation averages 17 years. To address these problems, Division 12 of the American Psychological Association published a set of standards for "empirically supported treatments" in the mid-1990s that allows the assessment of clinical modalities. This article reviews these criteria, identifies their strengths, and discusses their impact on the translational gap, using the development of a clinical innovation called Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) as a case study. Twelve specific recommendations for updates of the Division 12 criteria are made based on lessons garnered from the adoption of EFT within the clinical community. These recommendations would shorten the cycle from the research setting to clinical practice, increase transparency, incorporate recent scientific advances, and enhance the capacity for succinct comparisons among treatments. PMID:25265265

  3. Of Course: Prerequisite Courses for Admission into APA-Accredited Clinical and Counseling Psychology Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norcross, John C.; Sayette, Michael A.; Stratigis, Katerina Y.; Zimmerman, Barrett E.

    2014-01-01

    Students often inquire about which psychology courses to complete in preparation for graduate school. This study provides data that enable students and their advisors to make research-informed decisions. We surveyed the directors of the 304 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology (97%…

  4. Toward Improved Statistical Reporting in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fidler, Fiona; Cumming, Geoff; Thomason, Neil; Pannuzzo, Dominique; Smith, Julian; Fyffe, Penny; Edmonds, Holly; Harrington, Claire; Schmitt, Rachel

    2005-01-01

    Philip Kendall's (1997) editorial encouraged authors in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) to report effect sizes and clinical significance. The present authors assessed the influence of that editorial--and other American Psychological Association initiatives to improve statistical practices--by examining 239 JCCP articles…

  5. Children's Views Matter Too! A Pilot Project Assessing Children's and Adolescents' Experiences of Clinical Psychology Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Michael; Russo, Kate

    2009-01-01

    This pilot study explored the experiences and understanding of clinical psychology practices and services of children and adolescents attending clinical psychology outpatient appointments. Fifteen young participants took part in the study. A content analysis indicated that young children and adolescents have an appropriate understanding of the…

  6. Undergraduate programmes in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    many different aspects of psychology from child development to psychopharmacology, social psychology psychology; psychopharmacology, social psychology, clinical and forensic psychology and child development

  7. Multicultural Training of Clinical and Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students: Ideals vs. Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Bryana F. C.

    2013-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA), which is the advocating body for the field of psychology, emphasizes the importance of multicultural competencies for researchers and clinicians (APA, 2003; 2010). Graduate students are the field's future professionals. The multicultural training of doctoral level clinical and counseling…

  8. Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward

    2002-01-01

    Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication…

  9. Clinical Psychology Master Program Oral Interview-Name List June, 29, 2015, Time: 9:00

    E-print Network

    Hasýrcý, Vasýf

    Rumeysa Gündodu Safiye Güngör Meryem mamolu Ahmet Hamdi Katgi Tennur Kocadere Pinar Koçer Birsen Köseler Yeken Hilal Yerli Merve Yilmaz Özlem Yoan Felek Yurt Pinar Clinical Psychology PhD Program Oral

  10. Professional Identity Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Clinical Psychology Trainees 

    E-print Network

    McElhinney, Rowena

    2008-01-01

    This is a constructivist grounded theory study of the impact of the clinical psychology flexible training scheme on the development of professional identity. Professional identity development involves the acquisition of ...

  11. Video Taping and Abnormal Psychology: Dramatized Clinical Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Michael J.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Students in an abnormal psychology course worked in teams to produce dramatizations of diagnostic interviews and then presented them in class. Positive and negative aspects of the activity are discussed. (RM)

  12. The Department of Psychology conducts research and applied training at the doctoral level in Clinical Psychology and Applied Social Psychology. The Clinical

    E-print Network

    applications from people of Aboriginal descent, individuals with various sexual orientations, individuals. The Psychological Services and Research Centre occupies two houses near the Department. Our research facilities

  13. Adolescents and the Media: Medical and Psychological Impact. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 33.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strasburger, Victor C.

    Aimed at primary care physicians and nurses, educators, and parents, this book reviews media effects on adolescent behavior and psychology. The book notes that television is a powerful medium to which adolescents are uniquely susceptible and how studies have shown television's ability to shape social attitudes. Theories of how television affects…

  14. Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: A review of imagery measures and a guiding framework

    PubMed Central

    Pearson, David G.; Deeprose, Catherine; Wallace-Hadrill, Sophie M.A.; Heyes, Stephanie Burnett; Holmes, Emily A.

    2013-01-01

    Mental imagery is an under-explored field in clinical psychology research but presents a topic of potential interest and relevance across many clinical disorders, including social phobia, schizophrenia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is currently a lack of a guiding framework from which clinicians may select the domains or associated measures most likely to be of appropriate use in mental imagery research. We adopt an interdisciplinary approach and present a review of studies across experimental psychology and clinical psychology in order to highlight the key domains and measures most likely to be of relevance. This includes a consideration of methods for experimentally assessing the generation, maintenance, inspection and transformation of mental images; as well as subjective measures of characteristics such as image vividness and clarity. We present a guiding framework in which we propose that cognitive, subjective and clinical aspects of imagery should be explored in future research. The guiding framework aims to assist researchers in the selection of measures for assessing those aspects of mental imagery that are of most relevance to clinical psychology. We propose that a greater understanding of the role of mental imagery in clinical disorders will help drive forward advances in both theory and treatment. PMID:23123567

  15. Postgraduate Clinical Psychology Students' Perceptions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Stress Management Intervention and Clinical Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pakenham, Kenneth I.; Stafford-Brown, Johanna

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research into stress management interventions for clinical psychology trainees (CPTs) is limited, despite evidence indicating that these individuals are at risk for elevated stress, which can negatively impact personal and professional functioning. This study explored: (1) CPTs' perceptions of a previously evaluated Acceptance and…

  16. Reconciling the Professional and Student Identities of Clinical Psychology Trainees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Cossar, Jill A.; Fawns, Tim; Murray, Aja L.

    2013-01-01

    The study explored the ways in which qualified and trainee clinical psychologists perceived professional behaviour, as illustrated in a series of short vignettes, in student and clinical practice contexts. Comparisons were made to identify the extent to which ideas of professionalism differed across different learning contexts and between…

  17. Psychological distress and post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level chosen at an urban clinic

    PubMed Central

    Steinberg, Julia R.; Tschann, Jeanne M.; Henderson, Jillian T.; Drey, Eleanor A.; Steinauer, Jody E.; Harper, Cynthia C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective We investigated whether more psychological distress before an abortion is associated with the effectiveness of contraception selected (low, moderate, or high effectiveness) at an abortion clinic visit. Method Using data from 253 women attending an urban abortion clinic that primarily serves low-income women, we tested the association between pre-abortion psychological distress and the effectiveness level of post-abortion contraceptive choice. Based on typical use failure rates, we classified effectiveness of contraceptive choice into three levels—low, moderate, and high effectiveness. We measured psychological distress with four validated measures of depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms, and negative affect, as well as with a global measure comprised of these four measures. We used multivariable ordinal logistic regression to measure the association of each psychological distress measure with post-abortion contraceptive method effectiveness level, adjusting for sociodemographic factors, pregnancy history, trimester of abortion, and importance of avoiding pregnancy in the next year. Results We found that compared to women experiencing less stress symptoms, negative affect, and global psychological distress, women experiencing more stress symptoms [AOR = 1.028, 95% CI: 1.001-1.050], negative affect [AOR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01-1.09], and global psychological distress [AOR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.09-1.95] were more likely to choose more effective versus less effective methods, ps < .05, in adjusted models. Using dichotomous psychological measures we found similar results. Conclusions Women experiencing more psychological distress before an abortion selected more effective contraceptive methods after their abortions. Future research should examine whether this distress is associated with subsequent contraceptive use or continuation. Implications The current study suggests that contraceptive providers should not assume that women experiencing more psychological distress prefer to use less effective contraceptive methods. PMID:24094755

  18. Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 2737, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical based on brief (brief spontaneous). Clinicians diagnose using a wide array of evi- dence including patient history, imaging

  19. White Clinical Psychology Trainees' Views on Racial Equity within Programme Selection in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traub, Craig M.; Swartz, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    The issue of diversity in both physical and epistemological access to programmes in higher education is an important concern worldwide. In South Africa, as elsewhere, access to professional clinical psychology training programmes is extremely competitive, and there is an important imperative to diversify the student profile. Perspectives of black…

  20. Factors That Help and Hinder Scientific Training in Counseling and Clinical Psychology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Margaret M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to better understand scientific training within clinical and counseling psychology doctoral programs. A primary goal is to extend previous research by expanding the scientific training outcome variables from research interest and productivity to include additional characteristics of scientific mindedness such as…

  1. Cliques and Cohesion in a Clinical Psychology Graduate Cohort: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunze, Kimberley Annette

    2013-01-01

    To date, no published research has utilized social network analysis (SNA) to analyze graduate cohorts in clinical psychology. The purpose of this research is to determine how issues of likability among students correlate with other measures, such as disclosure, health, spiritual maturity, help in projects, familiarity, and ease of providing…

  2. What Comes before Report Writing? Attending to Clinical Reasoning and Thinking Errors in School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Gabrielle; Schroeder, Meadow

    2015-01-01

    Psychoeducational assessment involves collecting, organizing, and interpreting a large amount of data from various sources. Drawing upon psychological and medical literature, we review two main approaches to clinical reasoning (deductive and inductive) and how they synergistically guide diagnostic decision-making. In addition, we discuss how the…

  3. Cross-Gender Mentorship in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Programs: An Exploratory Survey Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harden, Sherry L.; Clark, Richard A.; Johnson, W. Brad; Larson, Joshua

    2009-01-01

    The mentorship experiences of recent clinical psychology doctorates reporting a primary mentor in graduate school were assessed by means of a survey. Among 518 responding psychologists, male graduates were significantly more likely to have a same-gender mentor, and female graduates were more likely to report receiving support from mentors of both…

  4. Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maciel, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit…

  5. Chronic widespread pain: clinical comorbidities and psychological correlates.

    PubMed

    Burri, Andrea; Ogata, Soshiro; Vehof, Jelle; Williams, Frances

    2015-08-01

    Recent studies have provided consistent evidence for a genetic influence on chronic widespread pain (CWP). The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the etiological structure underlying CWP by examining the covariation between CWP and psychological comorbidities and psychoaffective correlates and (2) the decomposition of the covariation into genetic and environmental components. A total of 3266 female twins (mean age 56.6 years) were subject to multivariate analyses. Using validated questionnaires to classify twins as having CWP, the prevalence of CWP was 20.8%. In the multivariate analysis, the most suitable model was the common pathway model. This model revealed 2 underlying latent variables, one common to anxiety, emotional intelligence, and emotional instability (f1) and the other common to depression and CWP (f2), the latter being highly heritable (86%). Both latent variables (f1 and f2) shared an additive genetic and a nonshared environmental factor. In addition, a second additive genetic factor loading only on f2 was found. This study reveals the structure of genetic and environmental influences of CWP and its psychoaffective correlates. The results show that the clustering of CWP and depression is due to a common, highly heritable, underlying latent trait. In addition, we found evidence that CWP, anxiety, emotional instability, and emotional intelligence are influenced by different underlying latent traits sharing the same genetic and nonshared environmental factors. This is the first study to reveal the structure and relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on complex etiological mechanisms of CWP and its correlates. PMID:25851458

  6. Psychological Problems and Clinical Outcomes of Children with Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures

    PubMed Central

    Yi, Yoon Young; Kim, Heung Dong; Lee, Joon Soo; Cheon, Keun-Ah

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Our purpose was to investigate psychological problems and clinical outcomes in children with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the data of 25 patients who were diagnosed with PNES between 2006 and 2012. Results Twenty-five children with PNES, aged 8 to 19 years (mean 13.82), were referred to psychiatrists for psychiatric assessment. On their initial visit, 72% of patients had comorbid psychological problems, including depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, adjustment disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Among these, depression was the most frequent (36%). Predisposing and triggering factors included familial distress (40%), social distress (24%), and specific events (20%). The following treatment was advised based on the results of the initial psychological assessment: 3 patients regularly visited psychiatric clinic to assess their clinical status without treatment, nine underwent psychotherapy, and 13 received a combination of psychotherapy and psychopharmacological therapy. At the mean follow-up of 31.5 months after diagnosis, 20 patients (80%) were event-free at follow-up, three (12%) showed reduced frequency, and two (8%) experienced persistent symptoms. Conclusion The outcomes of PNES in children are much better than those in adults, despite a high rate of psychological comorbidities. PMID:25323891

  7. Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  8. Do Special Occasions Trigger Psychological Distress Among Older Bereaved Spouses? An Empirical Assessment of Clinical Wisdom

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. Mental health professionals have suggested that widowed persons experience heightened psychological distress on dates that had special meaning for them and their late spouse, such as a wedding anniversary or the late spouse’s birthday. This study examined the effects of such occasions on grief, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a community sample of older widowed persons. Methods. OLS regression models were estimated using data from the Changing Lives of Older Couples (CLOC) study, a large prospective probability study of late-life widowhood. Participants were interviewed prior to and both 6 and 18 months after spousal loss; married matched controls were interviewed at comparable times. Results. Widowed persons reported heightened psychological distress when interviewed during the month of their late spouse’s birthday, a post-holiday period (January), and in June, a month associated with wedding anniversaries and graduations in the United States. The distressing effects of special occasions on psychological symptoms were evidenced only within the first 6 months postloss, and were not apparent at the 18-month follow-up. Discussion. Our results support the clinical observation that persons in the early stages of spousal bereavement are at increased risk of psychological distress at times with special significance to the couple. We highlight methodological and clinical implications. PMID:23811691

  9. The Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS): Merging clinical practice, training, and research.

    PubMed

    Youn, Soo Jeong; Castonguay, Louis G; Xiao, Henry; Janis, Rebecca; McAleavey, Andrew A; Lockard, Allison J; Locke, Benjamin D; Hayes, Jeffrey A

    2015-12-01

    The goal of this article is to present information about a standardized multidimensional measure of psychological symptoms, the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS; Locke et al., 2011; Locke, McAleavey, et al., 2012; McAleavey, Nordberg, Hayes, et al., 2012), developed to assess difficulties specific to college students' mental health. We provide (a) a brief review and summary of the psychometric and research support for the CCAPS; (b) examples of the use of the CCAPS for various purposes, including clinical, training, policy, and counseling center advocacy; and (c) implications of the integration of routine outcome monitoring and feedback for the future of training, research, and clinical practice. In particular, the article emphasizes how the assimilation of and symbiotic relationship between research and practice can address the scientist-practitioner gap. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26641373

  10. University of Heidelberg, Germany Master of Science degree in Psychology with a focus on Clinical and Developmental

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    EDUCATION University of Heidelberg, Germany Master of Science degree in Psychology with a focus on Clinical and Developmental Psychology (Anticipated: 02/2013) University of Bremen, Germany Bachelor ­ an fMRI study") 05/2011 - 04/2012 Psychiatric Hospital Nordbaden, Wiesloch, Germany Intern 02/2011 ­ 03

  11. Integrating Research Into Clinical Internship Training Bridging the Science/Practice Gap in Pediatric Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Spirito, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Existing literature highlights a critical gap between science and practice in clinical psychology. The internship year is a “capstone experience”; training in methods of scientific evaluation should be integrated with the development of advanced clinical competencies. We provide a rationale for continued exposure to research during the clinical internship year, including, (a) critical examination and integration of the literature regarding evidence-based treatment and assessment, (b) participation in faculty-based and independent research, and (c) orientation to the science and strategy of grantsmanship. Participation in research provides exposure to new empirical models and can foster the development of applied research questions. Orientation to grantsmanship can yield an initial sense of the “business of science.” Internship provides an important opportunity to examine the challenges to integrating the clinical evidence base into professional practice; for that reason, providing research exposure on internship is an important strategy in training the next generation of pediatric psychologists. PMID:22286345

  12. Clinical use of the Kessler psychological distress scales with culturally diverse groups.

    PubMed

    Stolk, Yvonne; Kaplan, Ida; Szwarc, Josef

    2014-06-01

    The Kessler 10 (K10) and embedded Kessler 6 (K6) was developed to screen for non-specific psychological distress and serious mental illness in mental health surveys of English-speaking populations, but has been adopted in Western and non-Western countries as a screening and outcome measure in primary care and mental health settings. This review examines whether the original K6/K10's validity for culturally diverse populations was established, and whether the cultural equivalence, and sensitivity to change of translated or culturally adapted K6/K10s, has been demonstrated with culturally diverse client groups. Evidence for the original K6/K10's validity for culturally diverse populations is limited. Questions about the conceptual and linguistic equivalence of translated/adapted K6/K10s arise from reports of changes in item connotation and differential item functioning. Evidence for structural equivalence is inconsistent, as is support for criterion equivalence, with the majority of studies compromising on accuracy in case prediction. Research demonstrating sensitivity to change with culturally diverse groups is lacking. Inconsistent evidence for the K6/K10's cultural appropriateness in clinical settings, and a lack of clinical norms for either majority or culturally diverse groups, indicate the importance of further research into the psychological distress construct with culturally diverse clients, and the need for caution in interpreting K6/K10 scores. PMID:24733815

  13. How can psychological science inform research about genetic counseling for clinical genomic sequencing?

    PubMed

    Khan, Cynthia M; Rini, Christine; Bernhardt, Barbara A; Roberts, J Scott; Christensen, Kurt D; Evans, James P; Brothers, Kyle B; Roche, Myra I; Berg, Jonathan S; Henderson, Gail E

    2015-04-01

    Next generation genomic sequencing technologies (including whole genome or whole exome sequencing) are being increasingly applied to clinical care. Yet, the breadth and complexity of sequencing information raise questions about how best to communicate and return sequencing information to patients and families in ways that facilitate comprehension and optimal health decisions. Obtaining answers to such questions will require multidisciplinary research. In this paper, we focus on how psychological science research can address questions related to clinical genomic sequencing by explaining emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes in response to different types of genomic sequencing information (e.g., diagnostic results and incidental findings). We highlight examples of psychological science that can be applied to genetic counseling research to inform the following questions: (1) What factors influence patients' and providers' informational needs for developing an accurate understanding of what genomic sequencing results do and do not mean?; (2) How and by whom should genomic sequencing results be communicated to patients and their family members?; and (3) How do patients and their families respond to uncertainties related to genomic information? PMID:25488723

  14. Mentoring ethnic minority counseling and clinical psychology students: A multicultural, ecological, and relational model.

    PubMed

    Chan, Anne W; Yeh, Christine J; Krumboltz, John D

    2015-10-01

    The aim of the current study was to understand the role of race and culture in successful mentoring relationships in graduate school. We examined the practices of 9 faculty mentors working with 15 ethnic minority doctoral students in counseling and clinical psychology. Grounded theory was used to discern unifying patterns and to formulate a theory of multicultural mentoring. Five overall themes significant to multicultural mentoring emerged: (a) career support and guidance tailored for ethnic minorities, (b) relationality between mentors and protégés, (c) significance of contexts, (d) interconnections across contexts, and (e) multidirectionality of interactions between contexts. The 5 themes combined to form a multicultural, ecological, and relational model of mentoring. Our findings suggest that mentoring ethnic minority students can be successful, productive, and satisfying for both mentors and protégés when mentors possess the necessary skills, time, commitment, and multicultural competencies. Implications for doctoral programs in counseling and clinical psychology are discussed, along with recommendations for future research directions. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26053060

  15. "Against all hushing up and stamping down": the Medico-Psychological Clinic of London and the novelist May Sinclair.

    PubMed

    Martindale, Philippa

    2004-01-01

    May Sinclair (1863-1946) was one of the first modern novelists to appropriate psychoanalytic theories in her works. She was an early reader of the new psychoanalytic techniques but, rather than embracing its theories wholeheartedly and unquestioningly, she synthesized those that appealed to her own psychology of womanhood. Moreover, Sinclair's position was a unique one. As well as a highly acclaimed novelist with a respected public voice, she was closely associated with the setting up of one of the first psychotherapeutic centres in Britain, the Medico-Psychological Clinic of London. In this paper, I argue that the eclectic psychoanalytic situations in which Sinclair places her literary heroines mirror the eclectic and potentially feminist endeavours of the medico-Psychological Clinic. I draw upon archival material, hitherto unexamined by literary critics and medical historians, to reflect upon the turbulent lifespan of the Clinic and the attempts to curtail its controversial practices. PMID:21850804

  16. Managing chronic pathologies with a stepped mHealth-based approach in clinical psychology and medicine

    PubMed Central

    Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Zoppis, Italo; Santoro, Eugenio; Ceccarini, Martina; Pietrabissa, Giada; Manzoni, Gian Mauro; Corti, Stefania; Borrello, Maria; Giusti, Emanuele Maria; Cattivelli, Roberto; Melesi, Anna; Mauri, Giancarlo; Molinari, Enrico; Sicurello, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Chronic diseases and conditions typically require long-term monitoring and treatment protocols both in traditional settings and in out-patient frameworks. The economic burden of chronic conditions is a key challenge and new and mobile technologies could offer good solutions. mHealth could be considered an evolution of eHealth and could be defined as the practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile communication devices. mHealth approach could overcome limitations linked with the traditional, restricted, and highly expensive in-patient treatment of many chronic pathologies. Possible applications include stepped mHealth approach, where patients can be monitored and treated in their everyday contexts. Unfortunately, many barriers for the spread of mHealth are still present. Due the significant impact of psychosocial factors on disease evolution, psychotherapies have to be included into the chronic disease protocols. Existing psychological theories of health behavior change have to be adapted to the new technological contexts and requirements. In conclusion, clinical psychology and medicine have to face the “chronic care management” challenge in both traditional and mHealth settings. PMID:25926801

  17. NeuroVR: an open source virtual reality platform for clinical psychology and behavioral neurosciences.

    PubMed

    Riva, Giuseppe; Gaggioli, Andrea; Villani, Daniela; Preziosa, Alessandra; Morganti, Francesca; Corsi, Riccardo; Faletti, Gianluca; Vezzadini, Luca

    2007-01-01

    In the past decade, the use of virtual reality for clinical and research applications has become more widespread. However, the diffusion of this approach is still limited by three main issues: poor usability, lack of technical expertise among clinical professionals, and high costs. To address these challenges, we introduce NeuroVR (http://www.neurovr.org--http://www.neurotiv.org), a cost-free virtual reality platform based on open-source software, that allows non-expert users to adapt the content of a pre-designed virtual environment to meet the specific needs of the clinical or experimental setting. Using the NeuroVR Editor, the user can choose the appropriate psychological stimuli/stressors from a database of objects (both 2D and 3D) and videos, and easily place them into the virtual environment. The edited scene can then be visualized in the NeuroVR Player using either immersive or non-immersive displays. Currently, the NeuroVR library includes different virtual scenes (apartment, office, square, supermarket, park, classroom, etc.), covering two of the most studied clinical applications of VR: specific phobias and eating disorders. The NeuroVR Editor is based on Blender (http://www.blender.org), the open source, cross-platform suite of tools for 3D creation, and is available as a completely free resource. An interesting feature of the NeuroVR Editor is the possibility to add new objects to the database. This feature allows the therapist to enhance the patient's feeling of familiarity and intimacy with the virtual scene, i.e., by using photos or movies of objects/people that are part of the patient's daily life, thereby improving the efficacy of the exposure. The NeuroVR platform runs on standard personal computers with Microsoft Windows; the only requirement for the hardware is related to the graphics card, which must support OpenGL. PMID:17377310

  18. ACADEMIC PROBATION 1. A Clinical Psychology Program student is automatically placed on academic probation if his or her

    E-print Network

    Sanders, Matthew

    ACADEMIC PROBATION 1. A Clinical Psychology Program student is automatically placed on academic probation if his or her cumulative QPA falls below 2.50. 2. Students who do not have their master's thesis completed by the start of their fourth year will be placed on academic probation. CONDITIONS OF PROBATION

  19. Now or Later?: An Empirical Investigation of When and Why Students Apply to Clinical Psychology PhD Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimak, Eric H.; Edwards, Katie M.; Johnson, Shannon M.; Suhr, Julie

    2011-01-01

    This study used a national sample of PhD students in clinical psychology (N = 1,034) to explore when students decided to pursue their graduate degree, reasons for their decisions, and associated satisfaction. Results indicated that immediately after completing their undergraduate degree, 57% of current graduate students reported postponing…

  20. The Status of Psychological Testing in Clinical Psychology: Relationships Between Test Use and Professional Activities and Orientations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Terry C.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    The occupational specializations and therapeutic orientations of clinical psychologists were related to their use and opinion of testing. The two tests clinicians considered most important to clinical practice were the Rorschach and the Thematic Apperception Test. Among the 10 most frequently recommended test, projective measures were listed 30…

  1. Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology

    E-print Network

    Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

  2. Psychology Bachelor of Arts http://psychology.ucsd.edu

    E-print Network

    Squire, Larry R.

    Psychology Bachelor of Arts http://psychology.ucsd.edu The UC San Diego Department of Psychology of the mind. Students who major in psychology can expect to develop knowledge in a broad range of content areas of experimental psychology, with areas of specialization in Clinical Psychology, Cognitive

  3. www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

  4. Research Use of Clinical Measures for Anxiety in the Recent Psychological Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piotrowski, Chris; Gallant, Natoshia

    2009-01-01

    This study reports on recent trends in the psychological research literature on the use of measures in the assessment of anxiety. An analysis of PsycINFO, from 2000-2005, showed that the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index had the highest hit rates. The results indicate that many anxiety instruments that are popular in…

  5. The Social Psychology of Black-White Interracial Interactions: Implications for Culturally Competent Clinical Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Alexander H.; Lovett, Benjamin J.; Sweeton, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    Social psychological research suggests that because of concerns about being perceived in stereotypical ways, people may experience negative affect and diminished attention and cognitive capacity during interracial interactions. The authors discuss this research in relation to therapy and assessment and also offer practical suggestions for ensuring…

  6. In press, Clinical Psychological Science, June 2013 Unimpaired Attentional Disengagement and Social Orienting in Children with

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Yuhong

    Orienting in Children with Autism Jason Fischer*,1, Kami Koldewyn*,1, Yuhong V. Jiang2, & Nancy Kanwisher1 of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN Abstract Visual attention is often hypothesized to play a causal role in the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Because attention shapes perception

  7. Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program Admissions: Differential Values as a Function of Program Characteristics and the Implications of the Mentor-Model Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metzger, Jesse A.

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this research were to 1) examine the qualities for which applicants are selected for entrance into clinical psychology Ph.D. programs, and 2) investigate the prevalence and impact of the mentor-model approach to admissions on multiple domains of programs and the field at large. Fifty Directors of Clinical Training (DCTs) provided data…

  8. Designs and Discriminations for Clinical Group Supervision in Counselling Psychology: An Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grigg, Glen

    2006-01-01

    Evidence suggests that group clinical supervision of counsellors and trainees is an effective mode of service delivery. However, clinical supervision is often understood to be concerned with teaching a generic set of skills. Without specifically labeling them as such, clinical supervision groups are implicitly identified as psycho-educational…

  9. FALL ELECTIVES PRE-REQ HES OTH PPH CMS CREDITS CLP 4134 Introduction to Clinical Child/Pediatric Psychology x x x x 3

    E-print Network

    Kane, Andrew S.

    Human Development 2 x x x 2 OTH 4418 Nervous System and Disorders * OTH 3416 x^ x^ x^ 3 OTH 4418L Nervous System and Disorders Lab* OTH 3416 x^ x^ x^ 2 SPA 3011 Speech Acoustics x x x^ 3 SPA 3032/Pediatric Psychology x x x x 3 CLP 4302 Introduction to Clinical Psychology x x x x 3 HSA 3111 US Health Care System x

  10. Clinical psychological and neuropsychological issues with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs)

    PubMed Central

    Cavazzana, Annachiara; Cavalli, Chiara; Bottio, Tomaso; Tarzia, Vincenzo; Gerosa, Gino; Volpe, Bianca Rosa

    2014-01-01

    Background Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly being used to treat patients in end-stage heart failure (HF) as bridge-to-transplantation, lifetime support or destination therapy. However, the importance of this newer technique for chronic cardiac support compared to heart transplantation is still open to discussion. To date, there are few studies that extensively explore the psychological and cognitive profiles of patient with ventricular assist devices (VADs). Methods We studied the psychological aspects, quality of life (QOL) and cognitive profiles of 19 patients with HF before VAD implantation and then at two, five and 16 months post-implantation. Results Our results showed that after VAD implantation, patients did not show any psychopathological problems such as anxiety and/or depression. More interestingly, despite the constant risk of neurological events determined by the continuous-blood-flow pump (CBFP), patients’ cognitive functioning did not worsen. In fact, significant enhancements were observed over time. Conclusions Psychological and cognitive deficits are common in advanced HF and often worsen over time. Appropriately designed and randomized studies are needed to demonstrate whether earlier VAD implantation is warranted to arrest cognitive decline and encourage better post-implantation adaptation. PMID:25452908

  11. Bridging neuroscience and clinical psychology: cognitive behavioral and psychophysiological models in the evaluation and treatment of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Lavoie, Marc E; Leclerc, Julie; O’Connor, Kieron P

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY Cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology have long been considered to be separate disciplines. However, the phenomenon of brain plasticity in the context of a psychological intervention highlights the mechanisms of brain compensation and requires linking both clinical cognition and cognitive psychophysiology. A quantifiable normalization of brain activity seems to be correlated with an improvement of the tic symptoms after cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS). This article presents broad outlines of the state of the current literature in the field of GTS. We present our clinical research model and methodology for the integration of cognitive neuroscience in the psychological evaluation and treatment of GTS to manage chronic tic symptoms. PMID:24795782

  12. 177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 201415

    E-print Network

    177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 2014­15 Department of Psychology Chairperson: Harb of Psychology offers a Master's Program in General Psychology and a Master's Program in Clinical Psychology. Applicants to the Master's Program in Clinical Psychology are welcome to apply for Fall admission only

  13. Graduate Programs in Psychology The psychology department offers courses of

    E-print Network

    Graduate Programs in Psychology The psychology department offers courses of study leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree. Students may complete requirements for study in human factors psychology, community psychology, or clinical psychology. Students in the doctoral program can be awarded the master

  14. Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.

    PubMed

    Haslam, S Alexander

    2014-03-01

    Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

  15. Counseling Psychology in New Zealand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manthei, Bob

    The history of counseling psychology in Australia, which has been marked by confusion and uncertainty about the distinction between it and other applied areas such as clinical psychology, community psychology, educational psychology, and psychotherapy, is discussed in this paper. The development of the Division of Counselling Psychology within the…

  16. Department of Psychology Handbook 2015

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    2015 Department of Psychology Handbook 2015 College of Science SCIENCE Reveal. #12;Contents 3 Welcome 4 What is Psychology 5 Including Psychology in your degree 6 Enrolment, Planning & Changes 7 in Applied Psychology Courses 36 Clinical Psychology Programme 38 General Postgraduate Information 40

  17. My Psychology Degree..... .....where next?

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 My Psychology Degree..... .....where next? - starting points and further information about career areas related to the study of psychology, including the main professional psychology careers, and areas psychology degree would be useful 2 Overview of main professional psychology areas: 4 - Clinical 4

  18. Suicide and perfectionism: a psychological autopsy study of non-clinical suicides.

    PubMed

    Kiamanesh, Parvin; Dyregrov, Kari; Haavind, Hanne; Dieserud, Gudrun

    2014-01-01

    This study explores suicide in relation to perfectionism among individuals who died by suicide with no history of treatment in mental health care or of suicide attempts. The study is part of an ongoing psychological autopsy study (PA-study). It aimed to produce a phenomenological understanding of the dynamics/processes from perfectionism to suicide among 6 men aged 22 to 58. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the interview data of 41 key informants. Based on the informants' narratives, it seemed that perfectionism left these men less able to cope with their (self-perceived) inability to meet their high expectations. Four themes emerged from analysis: 1) striving for success; 2) fear of failure; 3) keeping up the façade; and 4) rigidity. The results may be important in the prevention of nonclinical suicides, a group that is particularly difficult to identify, especially if the deceased have been regarded as very successful in many areas. PMID:25304870

  19. Attachment style and its relationship to working alliance in the supervision of British clinical psychology trainees.

    PubMed

    Dickson, Joanne M; Moberly, Nicholas J; Marshall, Yehuda; Reilly, James

    2011-01-01

    Although the supervisory relationship is thought to be critical in training clinical psychologists, little is known about factors affecting the supervisory alliance. We conducted an Internet survey of British clinical doctoral trainees (N = 259) in which participants rated their supervisory working alliance, parental style during childhood, pathological adult attachment behaviours and attachment style for themselves and their supervisors. Trainees' ratings of the working alliance were associated with perceptions of supervisors' attachment style, but not with perceptions of trainees' own attachment styles. Path analysis supported a causal chain linking parental indifference, compulsive self-reliance, insecure supervisor attachment style and lower ratings of the working alliance. Our results broadly replicate data from a US sample and suggest that attachment theory is helpful in understanding clinical supervisory processes. PMID:20645272

  20. Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Yu, Sheng-Tao

    Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1614; Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/educational- psychology/counseling-index.php COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY Revised November 2015 TRAINING OVERVIEW

  1. Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology Fall 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307 of research methods in psychology. In this class, you will be asked to participate in psychological research Psychological Association. You also may have quite a bit of fun. This is a very demanding course

  2. Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    of research methods in psychology. In this class, you will be asked to participate in psychological researchPsychology 410 Experimental Psychology Spring 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE-style research reports using the latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological

  3. Handbook of Cross-Cultural and Multicultural Personality Assessment. Personality and Clinical Psychology Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dana, Richard H., Ed.

    This collection of papers includes: (1) "An Assessment-Intervention Model for Research and Practice with Multicultural Populations" (Richard H. Dana); (2) "An Africentric Perspective for Clinical Research and Practice" (Edward F. Morris); (3) "Myths about the Null Hypothesis and the Path to Reform" (Robert G. Malgady); (4) "A Construct-Based…

  4. Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiss, Allan L.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

  5. General Exposure to Aging in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olthoff, Jacqueline K.

    2010-01-01

    In 1992 an APA inter-divisional task force identified three levels of competency for professional practice with older adults: Exposure, Experience, and Expertise. It was recommended that all generalist programs provide their students with at least the first level of competency. However, most enter the field with little-to-no academic or clinical

  6. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in Down syndrome: Early indicators of clinical Alzheimer's disease?

    PubMed

    Dekker, Alain D; Strydom, André; Coppus, Antonia M W; Nizetic, Dean; Vermeiren, Yannick; Naudé, Petrus J W; Van Dam, Debby; Potier, Marie-Claude; Fortea, Juan; De Deyn, Peter P

    2015-12-01

    Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are a core symptom of dementia and are associated with suffering, earlier institutionalization and accelerated cognitive decline for patients and increased caregiver burden. Despite the extremely high risk for Down syndrome (DS) individuals to develop dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD), BPSD have not been comprehensively assessed in the DS population. Due to the great variety of DS cohorts, diagnostic methodologies, sub-optimal scales, covariates and outcome measures, it is questionable whether BPSD have always been accurately assessed. However, accurate recognition of BPSD may increase awareness and understanding of these behavioural aberrations, thus enabling adaptive caregiving and, importantly, allowing for therapeutic interventions. Particular BPSD can be observed (long) before the clinical dementia diagnosis and could therefore serve as early indicators of those at risk, and provide a new, non-invasive way to monitor, or at least give an indication of, the complex progression to dementia in DS. Therefore, this review summarizes and evaluates the rather limited knowledge on BPSD in DS and highlights its importance and potential for daily clinical practice. PMID:26343344

  7. Embodied and exbodied mind in clinical psychology. A proposal for a psycho-social interpretation of mental disorders

    PubMed Central

    Zatti, Alberto; Zarbo, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    A brief theoretical review of the current state of the art of embodiment research in clinical psychology has been expounded in order to highlight the key role that embodied conceptualization has on the understanding and explanation of several mental disorders, such as eating disorders, schizophrenia and depression. Evidence has suggested that mental disorders may be explained as disturbances of embodiment, from the disembodiment to the hyperembodiment. In order to understand how some clinical conditions are affected by cultural models, we propose and define a new framework called Exbodiment, complementary to the Embodiment approach to cognition. Mental disorder is strictly related to the subject-culture interaction that may be explained as a two way process in which embodiment and exbodiment are complementary points of view. In this perspective, embodiment may be seen as the “top-down” process, while exbodiment the “bottom-up” one. The introduction of exbodiment conceptualization highlights how subject is both receiver and interpreter of social influence. Subject is the target of a cultural pressure and, at the same time, enacts its own embodied culture in world. Exbodiment conceptualization may help clinicians to better understand and explain the role of culture in the onset and maintenance of mental disorders. PMID:25784894

  8. Analyzing Statistical Mediation with Multiple Informants: A New Approach with an Application in Clinical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Papa, Lesther A.; Litson, Kaylee; Lockhart, Ginger; Chassin, Laurie; Geiser, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Testing mediation models is critical for identifying potential variables that need to be targeted to effectively change one or more outcome variables. In addition, it is now common practice for clinicians to use multiple informant (MI) data in studies of statistical mediation. By coupling the use of MI data with statistical mediation analysis, clinical researchers can combine the benefits of both techniques. Integrating the information from MIs into a statistical mediation model creates various methodological and practical challenges. The authors review prior methodological approaches to MI mediation analysis in clinical research and propose a new latent variable approach that overcomes some limitations of prior approaches. An application of the new approach to mother, father, and child reports of impulsivity, frustration tolerance, and externalizing problems (N = 454) is presented. The results showed that frustration tolerance mediated the relationship between impulsivity and externalizing problems. The new approach allows for a more comprehensive and effective use of MI data when testing mediation models. PMID:26617536

  9. Transparency of Outcome Reporting and Trial Registration of Randomized Controlled Trials Published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Azar, Marleine; Riehm, Kira E.; McKay, Dean; Thombs, Brett D.

    2015-01-01

    Background Confidence that randomized controlled trial (RCT) results accurately reflect intervention effectiveness depends on proper trial conduct and the accuracy and completeness of published trial reports. The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) is the primary trials journal amongst American Psychological Association (APA) journals. The objectives of this study were to review RCTs recently published in JCCP to evaluate (1) adequacy of primary outcome analysis definitions; (2) registration status; and, (3) among registered trials, adequacy of outcome registrations. Additionally, we compared results from JCCP to findings from a recent study of top psychosomatic and behavioral medicine journals. Methods Eligible RCTs were published in JCCP in 2013–2014. For each RCT, two investigators independently extracted data on (1) adequacy of outcome analysis definitions in the published report, (2) whether the RCT was registered prior to enrolling patients, and (3) adequacy of outcome registration. Results Of 70 RCTs reviewed, 12 (17.1%) adequately defined primary or secondary outcome analyses, whereas 58 (82.3%) had multiple primary outcome analyses without statistical adjustment or undefined outcome analyses. There were 39 (55.7%) registered trials. Only two trials registered prior to patient enrollment with a single primary outcome variable and time point of assessment. However, in one of the two trials, registered and published outcomes were discrepant. No studies were adequately registered as per Standard Protocol Items: Recommendation for Interventional Trials guidelines. Compared to psychosomatic and behavioral medicine journals, the proportion of published trials with adequate outcome analysis declarations was significantly lower in JCCP (17.1% versus 32.9%; p = 0.029). The proportion of registered trials in JCCP (55.7%) was comparable to behavioral medicine journals (52.6%; p = 0.709). Conclusions The quality of published outcome analysis definitions and trial registrations in JCCP is suboptimal. Greater attention to proper trial registration and outcome analysis definition in published reports is needed. PMID:26581079

  10. Psychology in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  11. The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire: validity and psychological correlates in a clinical sample.

    PubMed

    Riley, W T; McCranie, E W

    1990-01-01

    This study sought to compare the original and revised scoring systems of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) and to assess the construct validity of the Dependent and Self-Critical subscales of the DEQ in a clinically depressed sample. Subjects were 103 depressed inpatients who completed the DEQ, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Hopelessness Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ), the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The original and revised scoring systems of the DEQ evidenced good concurrent validity for each factor scale, but the revised system did not sufficiently discriminate dependent and self-critical dimensions. Using the original scoring system, self-criticism was significantly and positively related to severity of depression, whereas dependency was not, particularly for males. Factor analysis of the DEQ scales and the other scales used in this study supported the dependent and self-critical dimensions. For men, the correlation of the DEQ with the MMPI scales indicated that self-criticism was associated with psychotic symptoms, hostility/conflict, and a distress/exaggerated response set, whereas dependency did not correlate significantly with any MMPI scales. Females, however, did not exhibit a differential pattern of correlations between either the Dependency or the Self-Criticism scales and the MMPI. These findings suggest possible gender differences in the clinical characteristics of male and female dependent and self-critical depressive subtypes. PMID:2348339

  12. Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577 WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY September, 2013 The program area of Educational Psychology offers they are admitted. Classes are offered at 4:30 p.m. Students must complete all classes in the sequence offered

  13. Demography, clinical characteristics, psychological and abuse profiles, treatment, and long-term follow-up of patients with gastroparesis.

    PubMed

    Soykan, I; Sivri, B; Sarosiek, I; Kiernan, B; McCallum, R W

    1998-11-01

    Patients with gastroparesis frequently present challenging clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic problems. Data from 146 gastroparesis patients seen over six years were analyzed. Patients were evaluated at the time of initial diagnosis and at the most recent follow-up in terms of gastric emptying and gastrointestinal symptomatology. The psychological status and physical and sexual abuse history in female idiopathic gastroparesis patients were ascertained and an association between those factors and gastrointestinal symptomatology was sought. Eighty-two percent of patients were females (mean age: 45 years old). The mean age for onset of gastroparesis was 33.7 years. The etiologies in 146 patients are: 36% idiopathic, 29% diabetic, 13% postgastric surgery, 7.5% Parkinson's disease, 4.8% collagen vascular disorders, 4.1% intestinal pseudoobstruction, and 6% miscellaneous causes. Subgroups were identified within the idiopathic group: 12 patients (23%) had a presentation consistent with a viral etiology, 48% had very prominent abdominal pain. Other subgroups were gastroesophageal reflux disease and nonulcer dyspepsia (19%), depression (23%), and onset of symptoms immediately after cholecystectomy (8%). Sixty-two percent of women with idiopathic gastroparesis reported a history of physical or sexual abuse, and physical abuse was significantly associated with abdominal pain, somatization, depression, and lifetime surgeries. At the end of the follow-up period, 74% required continuous prokinetic therapy, 22% were able to stop prokinetics, 5% had undergone gastrectomy, 6.2% went onto gastric electrical stimulation (pacing), and 7% had died. At some point 21% had required nutrition support with a feeding jejunostomy tube or periods of parenteral nutrition. A good response to pharmacological agents can be expected in the viral and dyspeptic subgroups of idiopathics, Parkinson's disease, and the majority of diabetics, whereas a poorer outcome to prokinetics can be expected in postgastrectomy patients, those with connective tissue disease, a subgroup of diabetics, and the subset of idiopathic gastroparesis dominated by abdominal pain and history of physical and sexual abuse. Appreciation of the different etiologies and psychological status of the patients may help predict response to prokinetic therapy. PMID:9824125

  14. Expanding Empathy in Our Clinical Work: A Response to Wickramasekera II's (2015) "Mysteries of Hypnosis and the Self Are Revealed by the Psychology and Neuroscience of Empathy.".

    PubMed

    Kaklauskas, Francis J; Clements, Carla June

    2016-01-01

    Empathy is a central tenet of psychotherapeutic process. This article builds upon Wickramasekera II's (2015) "Mysteries of Hypnosis and the Self are Revealed by the Psychology and Neuroscience of Empathy," with particular focus on "empathetic involvement theory." A brief transtheoretical and research review of empathy is provided. A couple's therapy case illustration is provided to elucidate how one can expand "empathetic involvement theory" into clinical practice. Emphasis is placed upon the dimensions of sensation and body/mind connectedness. PMID:26675157

  15. Teaching Clinical (and Nonclinical) Psychology through Applications to the Legal System: Violence Risk Assessment and the Insanity Defense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costanzo, Marina L.; Costanzo, Mark A.

    2013-01-01

    The prediction of dangerousness and the insanity defense are two areas where psychologists provide research-based expertise to the courts. Teachers of psychology can use these topics to capture the attention of students and to show how psychological research and theory can inform and influence the legal system. Specifically, teachers can use the…

  16. New Frontiers in Clinical Training: The UND Indians into Psychology Doctoral Education (InPsyDE) Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Doug

    1994-01-01

    The University of North Dakota's (UND) Indians into Psychology Doctoral Education program seeks to identify and recruit promising American Indian students into the field of psychology and to provide culturally appropriate training to all UND students. The staff, including three American Indian psychologists, provide a culturally sensitive program…

  17. A randomized clinical trial on the effectiveness of an intervention to treat psychological distress and improve quality of life after autologous stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Braamse, Annemarie M J; van Meijel, B; Visser, O J; Boenink, A D; Cuijpers, P; Eeltink, C E; Hoogendoorn, A W; van Marwijk Kooy, M; van Oppen, P; Huijgens, P C; Beekman, A T F; Dekker, J

    2016-01-01

    Psychological distress contributes to impaired quality of life in hematological cancer patients. Stepped care treatment, in which patients start with the least intensive treatment most likely to work and only receive more intensive interventions if needed, could improve distress. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of stepped care treatment on psychological distress and physical functioning in patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancies. In the present study, we performed a randomized clinical trial with two treatment arms: stepped care and care as usual. Baseline assessment and randomization occurred during pre-transplant hospitalization. Stepped care was initiated after 6 weeks, consisting of (1) watchful waiting, (2) Internet-based self-help intervention, and (3) face-to-face counseling/ psychopharmacological treatment/ referral. Follow-up measurements were conducted at 13, 30, and 42 weeks after transplantation. Stepped care (n?=?47) and care as usual (n?=?48) were comparable on baseline characteristics. The uptake of the intervention was low: 24 patients started with step 1, 23 with step 2, and none with step 3. Percentages of distressed patients ranged from 4.1 to 9.7 %. Ten percent of patients received external psychological or psychiatric care. No statistically significant differences were found between stepped care and care as usual on psychological distress or physical functioning in intention to treat analyses, nor in per protocol analyses. The stepped care program was not effective in decreasing psychological distress. The low intervention uptake, probably related to the low levels of psychological distress, offers an explanation for this outcome. Future research should take into account patients' specific care needs. Netherlands Trial Registry identifier: NTR1770. PMID:26420062

  18. Exploring differential item functioning in the SF-36 by demographic, clinical, psychological and social factors in an osteoarthritis population

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The SF-36 is a very commonly used generic measure of health outcome in osteoarthritis (OA). An important, but frequently overlooked, aspect of validating health outcome measures is to establish if items work in the same way across subgroup of a population. That is, if respondents have the same ‘true’ level of outcome, does the item give the same score in different subgroups or is it biased towards one subgroup or another. Differential item functioning (DIF) can identify items that may be biased for one group or another and has been applied to measuring patient reported outcomes. Items may show DIF for different conditions and between cultures, however the SF-36 has not been specifically examined in an osteoarthritis population nor in a UK population. Hence, the aim of the study was to apply the DIF method to the SF-36 for a UK OA population. Methods The sample comprised a community sample of 763 people with OA who participated in the Somerset and Avon Survey of Health. The SF-36 was explored for DIF with respect to demographic, social, clinical and psychological factors. Well developed ordinal regression models were used to identify DIF items. Results DIF items were found by age (6 items), employment status (6 items), social class (2 items), mood (2 items), hip v knee (2 items), social deprivation (1 item) and body mass index (1 item). Although the impact of the DIF items rarely had a significant effect on the conclusions of group comparisons, in most cases there was a significant change in effect size. Conclusions Overall, the SF-36 performed well with only a small number of DIF items identified, a reassuring finding in view of the frequent use of the SF-36 in OA. Nevertheless, where DIF items were identified it would be advisable to analyse data taking account of DIF items, especially when age effects are the focus of interest. PMID:24330385

  19. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer: Life Sciences 118A TA's e-mail: Jennifer_crowhurst@hotmail.com Textbook: Social Psychology (Ninth

  20. Psychology 260 Physiological Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 260 Physiological Psychology Instructor: Amy Spilkin, Ph.D. Office Hours: Before and after class and by appointment Location: LS-24C Phone: 858-822-6800 Email: aspilkin@crl.ucsd.edu (please allow 24 hours for response) Required Prerequisite: Psychology 101 and Biology 100 Materials: Kalat

  1. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra and Blackboard) Textbook: Social Psychology (Ninth Edition) by David G. Myers Final exam: Thursday, May 21, 1

  2. Psychology and Optometry: Interaction and Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biaggio, Mary Kay; Bittner, Erika

    1990-01-01

    Because a number of vision conditions have psychological components and some psychological conditions may be complicated by vision difficulties, interdisciplinary cooperation between clinical psychology and optometry should prove fruitful for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of health problems. (EVL)

  3. The Department of Psychology has a new look! On August 10th, the Department of Psychology launched seven new

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    The Department of Psychology has a new look! On August 10th, the Department of Psychology launched seven new websites, including a webpage for the Behavioral Neuroscience, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Quantitative Psychology, and Social Psychology programs. UNC Opens New

  4. The clinical obesity maintenance model: an integration of psychological constructs including mood, emotional regulation, disordered overeating, habitual cluster behaviours, health literacy and cognitive function.

    PubMed

    Raman, Jayanthi; Smith, Evelyn; Hay, Phillipa

    2013-01-01

    Psychological distress and deficits in executive functioning are likely to be important barriers to effective weight loss maintenance. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, in the light of recent evidence in the fields of neuropsychology and obesity, particularly on the deficits in the executive function in overweight and obese individuals, a conceptual and theoretical framework of obesity maintenance is introduced by way of a clinical obesity maintenance model (COMM). It is argued that psychological variables, that of habitual cluster Behaviors, emotional dysregulation, mood, and health literacy, interact with executive functioning and impact on the overeating/binge eating behaviors of obese individuals. Second, cognizant of this model, it is argued that the focus of obesity management should be extended to include a broader range of maintaining mechanisms, including but not limited to cognitive deficits. Finally, a discussion on potential future directions in research and practice using the COMM is provided. PMID:23710346

  5. Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W Course title: Current Topics in Clinical Psychology Psychology. Three credits. Either semester. Prerequisite: PSYC 243 or PSYC 245 or PSYC 245W or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit with a change in topic. Justification: Clinical psychology is an area

  6. Do Web-Based and Clinic Samples of Gay Men Living With HIV Differ on Self-Reported Physical and Psychological Symptoms? A Comparative Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Lampe, Fiona; Molloy, Tim; Sherr, Lorraine

    2015-01-01

    Background Although the Internet is commonly used to recruit samples in studies of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related risk behaviors, it has not been used to measure patient-reported well-being. As the burden of long-term chronic HIV infection rises, the Internet may offer enormous potential for recruitment to research and interventions. Objective This study aimed to compare two samples of gay men living with HIV, one recruited via the Web and the other recruited in outpatient settings, in terms of self-reported physical and psychological symptom burden. Methods The Internet sample was recruited from a UK-wide Web-based survey of gay men with diagnosed HIV. Of these, 154 respondents identified themselves as resident in London and were included in this analysis. The HIV clinic sample was recruited from five HIV outpatient clinics. Of these participants, 400 gay men recruited in London clinics were included in this analysis. Results The Web-based sample was younger than the clinic sample (37.3 years, SD 7.0 vs 40.9 years, SD 8.3), more likely to be in paid employment (72.8%, 99/136 vs 60.1%, 227/378), less likely to be on antiretroviral therapy (ART) (58.4%, 90/154 vs 68.0%, 266/391), and had worse mean psychological symptom burden compared to the clinic sample (mean scores: 1.61, SD 1.09 vs 1.36, SD 0.96) but similar physical symptom burden (mean scores: 0.78, SD 0.65 vs 0.70, SD 0.74). In multivariable logistic regression, for the physical symptom burden model, adjusted for age, ethnicity, employment status, and ART use, the recruitment setting (ie, Web-based vs clinic) was not significantly associated with high physical symptom score. The only variable that remained significantly associated with high physical symptom score was employment status, with those in employment being less likely to report being in the upper (worst) physical symptom tertile versus the other two tertiles (adjusted OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.28-0.62, P<.001). For the psychological symptom burden model, those recruited via the Web were significantly more likely to report being in the upper (worst) tertile (adjusted OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.41-3.44, P=.001). In addition, those in employment were less likely to report being in the upper (worst) psychological symptom tertile compared to those not in employment (adjusted OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.21-0.49, P<.001). Conclusions Our data have revealed a number of differences. Compared to the clinic sample, the Web-based sample had worse psychological symptom burden, younger average age, higher prevalence of employment, and a lower proportion on ART. For future research, we recommend that Web-based data collection should include the demographic variables that we note differed between samples. In addition, we recognize that each recruitment method may bring inherent sampling bias, with clinic populations differing by geographical location and reflecting those accessing regular medical care, and Web-based sampling recruiting those with greater Internet access and identifying survey materials through specific searches and contact with specific websites. PMID:25793749

  7. 1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

  8. Developmental Course of Deprivation-Specific Psychological Patterns: Early Manifestations, Persistence to Age 15, and Clinical Features

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreppner, Jana; Kumsta, Robert; Rutter, Michael; Beckett, Celia; Castle, Jennifer; Stevens, Suzanne; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J.

    2010-01-01

    In chapter IV, the authors focused on their findings on the developmental course of deprivation-specific psychological patterns (DSPs). The authors rediscussed the syndrome concept in the light of two main considerations. First, the findings indicated substantial overlap among the four postulated DSPs at 15 years including CI and I/O before…

  9. CURRENT WORKS IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY September 3: Welcome and Faculty Blitz Talks (8min talks, 2 min questions)

    E-print Network

    Scholl, Brian

    . Lejuez earned his PhD at West Virginia University. He completed his internship and one year as an Assistant Professor at Brown University School of Medicine, before joining the faculty at University Psychology Program there. His research is translational in nature applying laboratory methods to understand

  10. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 10, 2014, pp. 890-905 2014 Guilford Publications, Inc.

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    HAPPINESS FORD ET AL. DESPERATELY SEEKING HAPPINESS: VALUING HAPPINESS IS ASSOCIATED WITH SYMPTOMS to feel. in western cultures, happiness is an emotion that many people want to feel. Although experiencing happiness is associated with increased well-being and psychological health, re- cent evidence suggests

  11. Effects of Mindfulness-Based versus Interpersonal Process Group Intervention on Psychological Well-Being with a Clinical University Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Ciara; Bond, Lynne A.; London, Miv

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study compared a group mindfulness-based intervention (MI) with an interpersonal process (IP) group intervention and a no-treatment (NT) control condition in reducing psychological distress among 112 students at 2 universities. At postintervention, IP and MI group participants exhibited significant reductions in anxiety,…

  12. From Dunce to Doctor: A Critical Autobiography of a Dyslexic Doctoral Student Pursuing a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, David N.

    2013-01-01

    Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…

  13. Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology Artist's impression of new building for the Department of Psychology Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution where Psychology is ranked 2nd in the UK in The Times

  14. The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

    2008-01-01

    Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,…

  15. Study protocol: a dissemination trial of computerized psychological treatment for depression and alcohol/other drug use comorbidity in an Australian clinical service

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The rise of the internet and related technologies has significant implications for the treatment of complex health problems, including the combination of depression and alcohol/other drug (AOD) misuse. To date, no research exists to test the real world uptake of internet and computer-delivered treatment programs in clinical practice. This study is important, as it is the first to examine the adoption of the SHADE treatment program, a DVD-based psychological treatment for depression and AOD use comorbidity, by clinicians working in a publicly-funded AOD clinical service. The study protocol that follows describes the methodology of this dissemination trial. Methods/design 19 clinicians within an AOD service on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia, will be recruited to the trial. Consenting clinicians will participate in a baseline focus group discussion designed to explore their experiences and perceived barriers to adopting innovation in their clinical practice. Computer comfort and openness to innovation will also be assessed. Throughout the trial, current, new and wait-list clients will be referred to the research program via the clinical service, which will involve clients completing a baseline and 15-week follow-up clinical assessment with independent research assistants, comprising a range of mental health and AOD measures. Clinicians will also complete session checklists following each clinical session with a client, outlining the extent to which the SHADE computer program was used. Therapeutic alliance will be measured at intake and discharge from both the clinician and client perspectives. Discussion This study will provide comprehensive data on the factors associated with the adoption of an innovative, computer-delivered evidence-based treatment program, SHADE, by clinicians working in an AOD service. The results will contribute to the development of a model of dissemination of SHADE, which could be applied to a range of technological innovations. Clinical trials registry Australian Clinical Trial Registration Number: ACTRN12611000382976. PMID:22770390

  16. Demographical, Clinical, and Psychological Characteristics of Users and Nonusers of an Online Platform for T2DM Patients (e-VitaDM-3/ZODIAC-44).

    PubMed

    Roelofsen, Yvonne; van Vugt, Michael; Hendriks, Steven H; van Hateren, Kornelis J J; Groenier, Klaas H; Snoek, Frank J; Kleefstra, Nanne; Huijsman, Robbert; Bilo, Henk J G

    2016-01-01

    Background. Online platforms offer opportunities for support in changing lifestyle and taking responsibility for one's health, but engaging patients with type 2 diabetes is challenging. Previous studies have shown that patients interested in platforms were more often male, younger, and higher educated. This study aims to investigate differences in clinical and psychological characteristics between users and nonusers of a newly developed platform. Methods. A prospective study started in the Drenthe region of Netherlands. Participants in the study concerning quality of care and quality of life were additionally invited to use the platform. Results. 633 patients were registered after they opted for platform use. Of these patients, 361 (57.0%) never logged on, 184 (29.1%) were labeled "curious" users, and 88 (13.9%) were identified as "active" users. Users had lower HbA1c levels and more often hypertension compared to nonusers, and reported higher quality of life, better well-being, lower diabetes-related distress, and better medication adherence. Discussion. Platform use was associated with more favorable clinical and psychological characteristics relative to nonuse. Those with greater severity of disease, lower mood, and progression of disease used the platform the least. Other approaches need to be developed to reach these patients. Furthermore, improving the platform could also help to reach them. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01570140. PMID:26682232

  17. Demographical, Clinical, and Psychological Characteristics of Users and Nonusers of an Online Platform for T2DM Patients (e-VitaDM-3/ZODIAC-44)

    PubMed Central

    Roelofsen, Yvonne; van Vugt, Michael; Hendriks, Steven H.; van Hateren, Kornelis J. J.; Groenier, Klaas H.; Snoek, Frank J.; Kleefstra, Nanne; Huijsman, Robbert; Bilo, Henk J. G.

    2016-01-01

    Background. Online platforms offer opportunities for support in changing lifestyle and taking responsibility for one's health, but engaging patients with type 2 diabetes is challenging. Previous studies have shown that patients interested in platforms were more often male, younger, and higher educated. This study aims to investigate differences in clinical and psychological characteristics between users and nonusers of a newly developed platform. Methods. A prospective study started in the Drenthe region of Netherlands. Participants in the study concerning quality of care and quality of life were additionally invited to use the platform. Results. 633 patients were registered after they opted for platform use. Of these patients, 361 (57.0%) never logged on, 184 (29.1%) were labeled “curious” users, and 88 (13.9%) were identified as “active” users. Users had lower HbA1c levels and more often hypertension compared to nonusers, and reported higher quality of life, better well-being, lower diabetes-related distress, and better medication adherence. Discussion. Platform use was associated with more favorable clinical and psychological characteristics relative to nonuse. Those with greater severity of disease, lower mood, and progression of disease used the platform the least. Other approaches need to be developed to reach these patients. Furthermore, improving the platform could also help to reach them. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01570140. PMID:26682232

  18. Psychology & Neuroscience

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    142 Psychology & Neuroscience Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degree) Psychology BSc (Single Honours Degree) Neuroscience (with School of Biology) Joint Honours Degrees Psychology and one of the majority of the course deals with the first-named subject: Psychology with Biology (BSc) Psychology

  19. Assessing Student Interest and Familiarity with Professional Psychology Specialty Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Wiggins, Tina L.; Ryan, Joseph J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study examined undergraduate psychology students' (N = 83) self-reported interest in and familiarity with five specialty areas in professional psychology: counseling psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, forensic psychology, and criminal profiling. Results suggest that although students are quite interested in careers…

  20. Political and clinical developments in analytical psychology, 1972-2014: subjectivity, equality and diversity-inside and outside the consulting room.

    PubMed

    Samuels, Andrew

    2014-11-01

    Utilizing Jung's idea of theory as a 'personal confession', the author charts his own development as a theorist, establishing links between his personal history and his ideas. Such links include his relationship with both parents, his sexuality, his cultural heritage, and his fascination with Tricksters and with Hermes. There follows a substantial critical interrogation of what the author discerns as the two main lines of clinical theorizing in contemporary analytical psychotherapy: interpretation of transference-countertransference, and the relational approach. His conclusion is that neither is superior to the other and neither is in fact adequate as a basis for clinical work. The focus then shifts to explore a range of political and social aspects of the clinical project of analytical psychology: economic inequality, diversity within the professional field, and Jung's controversial ideas about Jews and Africans. The author calls for an apology from the 'Jungian community' for remarks about Africans analogous to the apology already issued for remarks about Jews. The paper is dedicated to the author's friend Fred Plaut (1913-2009). PMID:25331504

  1. MMiicchhiiggaann SSttaattee UUnniivveerrssiittyy The Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    MMiicchhiiggaann SSttaattee UUnniivveerrssiittyy The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Wednesday, March 25, 2015 6:00 PM ­ 8:00 PM Room 115 International Center This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts

  2. DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Clinical Psychology Program

    E-print Network

    Dennis, Nancy

    -based prevention research program. Additionally, the Practice Research Network (PRN) is run through of several studies conducted by students and faculty. The Penn State Sports Concussion Program and the Penn

  3. Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

  4. Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    ). Psychometric theory (3rd Ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. (NB) Hattrup, K. (2011). Psychological testing of psychological testing and measurement. In particular, upon completion of this course, students should (1) havePsychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement Spring 2011 Instructor: Kate Hattrup, Ph.D. Office

  5. Psychology 344 Psychology and Culture

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) is a required prerequisite for this course. #12;Class RequirementsPsychology 344 Psychology and Culture Fall 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307K aspects of human psychology. We will address basic questions about the nature of culture--and more far

  6. Psychology 344 Psychology and Culture

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology (PSY 101) is a required prerequisite for this course. #12;Class Requirements and Grading The finalPsychology 344 Psychology and Culture Fall 2010 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307K aspects of human psychology. We will address basic questions about the nature of culture--and more far

  7. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  8. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  9. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  10. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  11. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  12. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  13. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  14. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  15. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  16. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices...2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution...

  17. Test Reviews: Bracken, B. A., & Howell, K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Depression." Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghakhani, Anoosha; Chan, Eric K.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors review the Clinical Assessment of Depression (CAD), a 50-item self-report measure of depressive symptoms designed for children, adolescents, adults, and elderly adults from 8 to 79 years of age. Purporting to be sensitive to depressive symptomatology across the lifespan, the test items were written to reflect the…

  18. Psychology in Spain: Its Historical and Cultural Roots, Instruction, Research and Future Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montes-Berges, Beatriz; Aranda, Maria; Castillo-Mayen, Maria del Rosario

    2011-01-01

    Roots in Spanish Psychology dated back to Huarte de San Juan (1575). From this period to nowadays, Psychology has notably developed, branching in different areas such as psychology and sports and physical exercise, clinical and health psychology, educational psychology, psychology of social intervention, legal psychology, work and organisational…

  19. A Conceptual and Empirical Review of the Meaning, Measurement, Development, and Teaching of Intervention Competence in Clinical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Barber, Jacques P.

    2009-01-01

    Through the course of this paper we discuss several fundamental issues related to the intervention competence of psychologists. Following definitional clarification and proposals for more strictly distinguishing competence from adherence, we interpret Dreyfus and Dreyfus’s (1986) five stage theory of competence development (from novice to expert) within a strictly clinical framework. Existing methods of competence assessment are then evaluated, and we argue for the use of new and multiple assessment modalities. Next, we utilize the previous sections as a foundation to propose methods for training and evaluating competent psychologists. Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training. PMID:18952334

  20. Application of a health-related quality of life conceptual model in community-dwelling older Chinese people with diabetes to understand the relationships among clinical and psychological outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Shiu, Ann Tak Ying; Choi, Kai Chow; Lee, Diana Tze Fan; Yu, Doris Sau Fung; Man Ng, Wai

    2014-01-01

    Aims/Introduction The present study applied the Wilson–Cleary model of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by using the structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to understand the interrelationships among clinical, sociodemographic and psychological characteristics in older people with diabetes. Materials and Methods This was a cross-sectional study with 452 Chinese older people with diabetes recruited from three primary care clinics. A series of assessments were made, including four instruments: the Chinese version of the Short Form 36 Health Survey, Older American Resources and Services Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire, Rand Mental Health Inventory and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey; and clinical outcomes (diabetes-related characteristics and physiological data). Results In the present study, we identified six patient individual and environmental characteristics, namely, age, sex, physical activity, psychological distress, social support and adequacy of income, that significantly influence HRQOL directly or by way of physical functional status and general health perception. Conclusions Improving social and financial support as well as providing interventions to promote physical activity and to cope with psychological distress in this patient population might be effective to eventually enhance their HRQOL. The present findings add to the literature the underlying complex biological and psychological processes of HRQOL, and take the body of knowledge in HRQOL of older people with diabetes to a theoretical level, and provide insights for development of appropriate strategies to optimize their HRQOL. PMID:25422768

  1. A second life for eHealth: prospects for the use of 3-D virtual worlds in clinical psychology.

    PubMed

    Gorini, Alessandra; Gaggioli, Andrea; Vigna, Cinzia; Riva, Giuseppe

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to describe the role played by three-dimensional (3-D) virtual worlds in eHealth applications, addressing some potential advantages and issues related to the use of this emerging medium in clinical practice. Due to the enormous diffusion of the World Wide Web (WWW), telepsychology, and telehealth in general, have become accepted and validated methods for the treatment of many different health care concerns. The introduction of the Web 2.0 has facilitated the development of new forms of collaborative interaction between multiple users based on 3-D virtual worlds. This paper describes the development and implementation of a form of tailored immersive e-therapy called p-health whose key factor is interreality, that is, the creation of a hybrid augmented experience merging physical and virtual worlds. We suggest that compared with conventional telehealth applications such as emails, chat, and videoconferences, the interaction between real and 3-D virtual worlds may convey greater feelings of presence, facilitate the clinical communication process, positively influence group processes and cohesiveness in group-based therapies, and foster higher levels of interpersonal trust between therapists and patients. However, challenges related to the potentially addictive nature of such virtual worlds and questions related to privacy and personal safety will also be discussed. PMID:18678557

  2. A Second Life for eHealth: Prospects for the Use of 3-D Virtual Worlds in Clinical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Gaggioli, Andrea; Vigna, Cinzia; Riva, Giuseppe

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to describe the role played by three-dimensional (3-D) virtual worlds in eHealth applications, addressing some potential advantages and issues related to the use of this emerging medium in clinical practice. Due to the enormous diffusion of the World Wide Web (WWW), telepsychology, and telehealth in general, have become accepted and validated methods for the treatment of many different health care concerns. The introduction of the Web 2.0 has facilitated the development of new forms of collaborative interaction between multiple users based on 3-D virtual worlds. This paper describes the development and implementation of a form of tailored immersive e-therapy called p-health whose key factor is interreality, that is, the creation of a hybrid augmented experience merging physical and virtual worlds. We suggest that compared with conventional telehealth applications such as emails, chat, and videoconferences, the interaction between real and 3-D virtual worlds may convey greater feelings of presence, facilitate the clinical communication process, positively influence group processes and cohesiveness in group-based therapies, and foster higher levels of interpersonal trust between therapists and patients. However, challenges related to the potentially addictive nature of such virtual worlds and questions related to privacy and personal safety will also be discussed. PMID:18678557

  3. Positive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

  4. Social and psychological factors in the distribution of STD in male clinic attenders. I Demographic and social factors.

    PubMed Central

    Fulford, K W; Catterall, R D; Hoinville, E; Lim, K S; Wilson, G D

    1983-01-01

    We describe three related studies of possible aetiological risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in men attending an STD clinic. In this paper we present the results for a variety of social and demographic variables traditionally associated with STD. In contrast to the results in the next two papers, these were largely negative. Occurrence rates of overall STD or of hepatitis, syphilis, gonorrhoea, or non-specific urethritis (NSU) had no aetiologically relevant association with age, nationality, marital status, social class, occupation, non-sexual social contact, drug abuse, or aggressive attitudes and behaviour. Gonorrhoea, however, was the only STD which correlated with alcohol abuse and with eating out rather than at home. We conclude that, with the possible exception of gonorrhoea, social factors contribute little to the distribution of STD risk within the study population. PMID:6688959

  5. Psychology 404 Psychology of Religion

    E-print Network

    Handy, Todd C.

    Psychology 404 Psychology of Religion Tue and Thu 11:00-12:20 (Section 101) SWING 107 Tue and Thu 2 to the scientific study of religion. We will focus on the psychological and cultural origins of religious behavior. Culturally variable as well as universal aspects of religion will be considered in light of various

  6. Socioecological psychology.

    PubMed

    Oishi, Shigehiro

    2014-01-01

    Socioecological psychology investigates humans' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral adaption to physical, interpersonal, economic, and political environments. This article summarizes three types of socioecological psychology research: (a) association studies that link an aspect of social ecology (e.g., population density) with psychology (e.g., prosocial behavior), (b) process studies that clarify why there is an association between social ecology and psychology (e.g., residential mobility ? anxiety ? familiarity seeking), and (c) niche construction studies that illuminate how psychological states give rise to the creation and maintenance of a social ecology (e.g., familiarity seeking ? dominance of national chain stores). Socioecological psychology attempts to bring the objectivist perspective to psychological science, investigating how objective social and physical environments, not just perception and construal of the environments, affect one's thinking, feeling, and behaviors, as well as how people's thinking, feeling, and behaviors give rise to social and built environments. PMID:23987114

  7. Clinical efficacy and changes in the dosages of concomitantly used psychotropic drugs in memantine therapy in Alzheimer’s disease with behavioral and psychological symptoms on dementia

    PubMed Central

    Inoue, Yuichi; Nishiyama, Akiyoshi; Mikami, Katsunaka; Gen, Keishi

    2013-01-01

    Objective: We investigated the clinical efficacy and changes in the dosages of concomitantly used psychotropic drugs in memantine therapy in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) with behavioral and psychological symptoms on dementia (BPSD). Methods: The subjects were 38 inpatients who had been diagnosed with AD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). The outcome measures assessed were BPSD and cognitive function. BPSD was assessed using the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) and cognitive function was assessed using the mini-mental examination (MMSE). The changes in the dosages of concomitant psychotropic drugs were also assessed. Results: Significant decreases were found in the memantine therapy group in the following NPI total score and five NPI subscales: delusions, hallucinations, agitation, irritability, and aberrant motor behavior, but no significant differences were seen between the memantine therapy group and the control group. Furthermore, the memantine therapy group allowed the dosage of the psychotropic drugs to be significantly reduced compared with the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the administration of memantine to patients with AD with BPSD may afford superior efficacy and may also make it possible to reduce the risperidone equivalent dose, the diazepam equivalent dose and the dosage of the psychotropic drugs. PMID:24167684

  8. [Psychological violences].

    PubMed

    Leray, M

    2014-12-01

    Among the various forms of violence inflicted on a child, psychological violence holds a significant place in terms of frequency, diversity and damage done, as serious and pervasive consequences can be observed on the child's development. This article highlights and assesses the psychological consequences provoked by psychological violences perpetrated by parents, teachers or other children in different situations, such as domestic violence, divorce and school bullying. It also gives some indications for intervention and prevention in those situations. PMID:25449447

  9. [Political psychology].

    PubMed

    Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

    2013-04-21

    In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects. PMID:23587541

  10. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.

    PubMed

    Staats, A W

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

  11. PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement Fall 2010 - Section 1 Instructor: Keith 248 Texts: Hattrup, K. (2006). Psychological Testing and Measurement: A Pragmatic Approach. REQUIRED Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D. P. (2008). Psychological Testing: Principles, applications, and issues. (7

  12. Annotated Bibliography on the Teaching of Psychology: 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David E.; Schroder, Simone I.

    1998-01-01

    Includes materials on: (1) abnormal and clinical psychology, and personality; (2) career issues; (3) cognition and learning; (4) educational technology; (5) faculty evaluation; (6) graduate education; (7) high school instruction; (8) history of psychology; (9) introductory psychology; (10) perception, and physiological and comparative psychology;…

  13. Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements

    E-print Network

    Chase, Sheila

    Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

  14. Sport Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krotee, March L.

    1980-01-01

    Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

  15. FACTORS RELATING TO MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE IN BEGINNING PSYCHOLOGY INTERNS

    E-print Network

    Vargas, Christian

    2010-07-21

    There is a paucity of research on the multicultural competence of the psychology intern population. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine counseling and clinical psychology interns' multicultural training experience and competence prior...

  16. Running head: J. R. CRAWFORD & J. D. HENRY. EVALUATION OF PANAS Pre-Print: British Journal of Clinical Psychology, in press

    E-print Network

    Crawford, John R.

    and depression: the tripartite model (Clark & Watson, 1991b). Although anxiety and depression be addressed to Professor John R Crawford, Department of Psychology, King's College, University of Aberdeen, AB Objectives: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988

  17. Research Review Psychology 2011

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

  18. Psychology Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderssen, Arthur

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

  19. Space psychology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  20. Black Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

  1. Adult Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bischof, Ledford J.

    This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,…

  2. A Coaching Psychology Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

  3. Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Presents the American Psychological Association Guidelines for psychological practice with older adults. The present document is intended to assist psychologists in evaluating their own readiness for working clinically with older adults and in seeking and using appropriate education and training to increase their knowledge, skills, and experience…

  4. Psychology: A Student's Guide to Reference Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachance, Barbara, Comp.

    This bibliography lists reference sources which are useful for research in psychology. Contents are selected, emphasizing clinical psychology. Two major sections of the guide, general and specific topics, supplement each other. The general section, arranged by form--dictionaries, handbooks, and encyclopedias--includes works which treat all facets…

  5. Cultural psychology.

    PubMed

    Heine, Steven J; Ruby, Matthew B

    2010-03-01

    Humans are a cultural species, constantly navigating a complex web of culturally bound practices, norms, and worldviews. This article provides a brief overview of the relatively young field of cultural psychology, which investigates the many ways psychology and culture interweave with one another. Highlighting the cultural nature of the human species, it draws upon research on cultural evolution, enculturation, and developmental processes. This review further summarizes a number of cultural differences in how people perceive the self, and the behavioral consequences that follow from these differences, in the domains of internal and external attribution styles, motivations for self-enhancement, approach/avoidance, primary and secondary control, as well as motivations for distinctiveness and conformity. Additionally, the review discusses research on the intersection of culture and emotion, as well as cultural differences in cognition, perception, and reasoning. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. PMID:26271239

  6. PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement Spring 2008 Tuesday & Thursday, 11:00 AM - 12 to contact me) Required text: Murphy, K. R., & Davidshofer, C. O. (2005). Psychological testing: Principles is designed to provide an introduction to concepts, theories, and methods regarding psychological testing

  7. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  8. When did "scientific psychology" begin in Russia?

    PubMed

    Sirotkina, Irina

    2006-01-01

    The pattern of the institutionalisation of psychology in Russia was as complex as in other countries. The institutionalisation was more than a single event or even a series of events: it was a manifold process that involved various actors, groups, and political parties, and took at least several decades. Psychology was taught within the subject of philosophy, but as a separate course, at high schools, from the early nineteenth century. When, in mid-century, philosophy was banned from universities for political reasons, logic and psychology still remained in the curriculum. Psychology became a contested area in the 1860s, with the rise of the radical movement that accompanied the abolition of serfdom and other reforms. The young radicals, or nihilists, favoured positive science and gave clear preference to physiology; at medical schools, psychology gradually became part of physiology and psychiatry teaching. Psychiatric clinics provided a venue for the first psychological experiments; the first courses in experimental psychology were also taught to psychiatry students. At the turn of the century, humanities departments joined in by opening laboratories and adding courses in experimental psychology to the philosophical psychology traditionally taught. Yet by 1917, the year when the monarchy ended in Russia, only two universities, in Moscow and Odessa, had succeeded in founding laboratories. The institutionalisation of psychology on a mass scale followed the Bolshevik revolution in Russia. The new communist regime facilitated the country's modernisation, and psychology became one of its instruments. PMID:19569437

  9. The Potential for Public Health Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanabe, Gilfred

    1982-01-01

    Describes a new program at the University of Hawaii that combines clinical and community psychology with training in public health and business administration. Discusses the planning process, program goals, extramural support, and the potential marketplace for graduates. (Author/GC)

  10. A longitudinal study of the impact of chronic psychological stress on health-related quality of life and clinical biomarkers: protocol for the Australian Healthy Aging of Women Study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite advancements in our understanding of the importance of stress reduction in achieving good health, we still only have limited insight into the impact of stress on cellular function. Recent studies have suggested that exposure to prolonged psychological stress may alter an individual’s physiological responses, and contribute to morbidity and mortality. This paper presents an overview of the study protocol we are using to examine the impact of life stressors on lifestyle factors, health-related quality of life and novel and established biomarkers of stress in midlife and older Australian women. The primary aim of this study is to explore the links between chronic psychological stress on both subjective and objective health markers in midlife and older Australian women. The study examines the extent to which exposure frightening, upsetting or stressful events such as natural disasters, illness or death of a relative, miscarriage and relationship conflict is correlated with a variety of objective and subjective health markers. Methods/Design This study is embedded within the longitudinal Healthy Aging of Women’s study which has collected data from midlife and older Australian women at 5 yearly intervals since 2001, and uses the Allostastic model of women’s health by Groër and colleagues in 2010. The current study expands the focus of the HOW study and will assess the impact of life stressors on quality of life and clinical biomarkers in midlife and older Australian women to explain the impact of chronic psychological stress in women. Discussion The proposed study hypothesizes that women are at increased risk of exposure to multiple or repeated stressors, some being unique to women, and the frequency and chronicity of stressors increases women’s risk of adverse health outcomes. This study aims to further our understanding of the relationships between stressful life experiences, perceived quality of life, stress biomarkers, chronic illness, and health status in women. PMID:24400870

  11. Predictors of Psychology Graduate Student Interest in the Field of Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viecili, Michelle A.; MacMullin, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Jonathan A.; Lunsky, Yona

    2010-01-01

    This study examined predictors of interest in the future provision of clinical services to people with developmental disabilities by Canadian graduate students in psychology. Utilizing a cross-sectional survey, 458 psychology students from clinical, clinical neuropsychology, and counseling psychology programs from across Canada provided…

  12. Psychology brings justice: the science of forensic psychology.

    PubMed

    Gudjonsson, Gisli H

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the focus is on one aspect of forensic psychology: the development of psychological instruments, a social psychological model and assessment procedures for evaluating the credibility of witnesses and police detainees during interviewing. Clinically grounded case work and research has impacted on police interviewing and practice, the admissibility of expert psychological testimony and the outcome of cases of miscarriage of justice. After describing the research that laid the foundations for advancement of scientific knowledge in this area, a brief review is presented of 22 high-profile murder cases where convictions based on confession evidence have been quashed on appeal between 1989 and 2001, often primarily on the basis of psychological evidence. The review of the cases demonstrates that psychological research and expert testimony in cases of disputed confessions have had a profound influence on the practice and ruling of the Court of Appeal for England and Wales and the British House of Lords. The cases presented in this paper show that it is wrong to assume that only persons with learning disability or those who are mentally ill make unreliable or false confessions. Personality factors, such as suggestibility, compliance, high trait anxiety and antisocial personality traits, are often important in rendering a confession unreliable. Future research needs to focus more on the role of personality factors in rendering the evidence of witnesses and suspects potentially unreliable. PMID:14654868

  13. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Chen, Deming

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY SPECIAL INFORMATION materials is December 10. In order to apply to the Graduate program in the department of psychology: 1 in the clinical/community psychology program will definitely not be admitted to begin in the spring because

  14. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  15. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  16. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  17. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  18. The State of the Psychology Health Service Provider Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michalski, Daniel S.; Kohout, Jessica L.

    2011-01-01

    Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of…

  19. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  20. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  1. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  3. Giving Psychological Science Away

    E-print Network

    Klatzky, Roberta

    Giving Psychological Science Away The Role of Applications Courses Roberta L. Klatzky Carnegie reasons for that gap, including confusion between the relevance of psychological science and its actual students constitute a relatively underutilized audience for demonstrating that psychological science has

  4. Cognitive Defusion versus Thought Distraction: A Clinical Rationale, Training, and Experiential Exercise in Altering Psychological Impacts of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masuda, Akihiko; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Wendell, Johanna W.; Sheehan, Shawn T.

    2010-01-01

    Using two modes of intervention delivery, the present study compared the effects of a cognitive defusion strategy with a thought distraction strategy on the emotional discomfort and believability of negative self-referential thoughts. One mode of intervention delivery consisted of a clinical rationale and training (i.e., Partial condition). The…

  5. Polycultural psychology.

    PubMed

    Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

    2015-01-01

    We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness. PMID:25251481

  6. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  7. ANGELA SCARPA, Ph.D. Address: Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    , Certification Board of the American College of Forensic Examiners 1996: National Science Foundation, Advanced of Pittsburgh, 1992-1993 Ph.D. University of Southern California, 1993 Major: Clinical Psychology Dissertation Mauritian Children" M.A. University of Southern California, 1990 Major: Clinical Psychology, Thesis: "Reward

  8. Mistreating Psychology in the Decades of the Brain

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Gregory A.

    2011-01-01

    We systematically mistreat psychological phenomena, both logically and clinically. This article explores three contentions: that the dominant discourse in modern cognitive, affective, and clinical neuroscience assumes that we know how psychology/biology causation works when we do not; that there are serious intellectual, clinical, and policy costs to pretending we do know; and that crucial scientific and clinical progress will be stymied as long as we frame psychology, biology, and their relationship in currently dominant ways. The arguments are developed with emphasis on misguided attempts to localize psychological function via neuroimaging, misunderstandings about the role of genetics in psychopathology, and unfortunate constraints on health-care policy and clinical service delivery. A particular challenge, articulated but not resolved in this article, is determining what constitutes adequate explanation in the relationship between psychology and biology. PMID:21949539

  9. Introduction to Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

  10. Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Fanny M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

  11. Undergraduate Guide of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Neri, Peter

    Undergraduate Guide The School of Psychology www.abdn.ac.uk/psychology #12;Welcome to the School of Psychology at the University of Aberdeen. It is my hope that you will join our inspiring and friendly and with the right skill set for the next stage of your career. Professor Neil Macrae Head of School Welcome www.abdn.ac.uk/psychology

  12. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Embodiment in Social Psychology Brian P. Meier,a Simone Schnall,b Norbert Schwarz,c John A. Barghd aDepartment of Psychology, Gettysburg College bDepartment of Social and Developmental Psychology, University of Cambridge cDepartment of Psychology, University... of Michigan dDepartment of Psychology, Yale University Received 24 January 2011; received in revised form 20 January 2012; accepted 19 May 2012 Abstract Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings...

  13. Are Problems Prevalent and Stable in Non-Clinical Populations? Problems and Test-Retest Stability of a Patient-Generated Measure, PSYCHLOPS (Psychological Outcome Profiles), in a Non-Clinical Student Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Chris; Ashworth, Mark; Peters, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    In straightened times counselling must evidence the changes it promotes on reputable measures. Patient-generated measures complement nomothetic measures and may be nearer the ethos of counselling in eliciting individuals' problems. Scores from such measures from non-clinical samples are rarely reported, making their test-retest stability…

  14. Memorial University Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    1 Memorial University Department of Psychology GRADUATE STUDENT & SUPERVISOR HANDBOOK 2014 ­ 2015 .........................................................................................................................5 Masters of Applied Social Psychology (MASP ............................................................................9 Experimental Psychology

  15. The Healthy Aging Brain Care (HABC) Monitor: validation of the Patient Self-Report Version of the clinical tool designed to measure and monitor cognitive, functional, and psychological health

    PubMed Central

    Monahan, Patrick O; Alder, Catherine A; Khan, Babar A; Stump, Timothy; Boustani, Malaz A

    2014-01-01

    Background Primary care providers need an inexpensive, simple, user-friendly, easily standardized, sensitive to change, and widely available multidomain instrument to measure the cognitive, functional, and psychological symptoms of patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions. We previously validated the Caregiver Report Version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor (HABC Monitor) for measuring and monitoring the severity of symptoms through caregiver reports. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Patient Self-Report Version of the HABC Monitor (Self-Report HABC Monitor). Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Primary care clinics affiliated with a safety net urban health care system in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Subjects A total of 291 subjects aged ?65 years with a mean age of 72.7 (standard deviation 6.2) years, 76% female, and 56% African Americans. Analysis Psychometric validity and reliability of the Self-Report HABC Monitor. Results Among 291 patients analyzed, the Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrated excellent fit for the confirmatory factor analysis model (root mean square error of approximation =0.030, comparative fit index =0.974, weighted root mean square residual =0.837) and good internal consistency (0.78–0.92). Adequate convergent–divergent validity (differences between the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status test-based cognitive function impairment versus nonimpairment groups) was demonstrated only when patients were removed from analysis if they had both cognitive function test impairment and suspiciously perfect self-report HABC Monitor cognitive floor scores of 0. Conclusion The Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrates good reliability and validity as a clinically practical multidimensional tool for measuring symptoms. The tool can be used along with its caregiver version to provide useful feedback (via monitoring of symptoms) for modifying care plans. Determining the validity of HABC Monitor scores from patients who self-report a perfect cognitive score of 0 requires cognitive function test results (eg, Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status or Mini Mental State Examination) or Caregiver Report HABC Monitor scores or further clinical examination to rule out the possibility that the patient is denying or unaware of their cognitive symptoms. PMID:25584024

  16. Psychology in Action: Psychology in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiao, Sigmund

    1977-01-01

    "Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

  17. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Coulson, Seana

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12). The present study was designed to provide a critical test to discriminate between these two views. The re

  18. Psychological Component of Infertility

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

  19. Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus R.J. Gregory, Psychological, not a guarantee or contract. #12;Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement The Formal Grading System of (three or four of) you will each make up your own "psychological test" and report on data arising from

  20. Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

    2006-01-01

    Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

  1. Psychology for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovic, Nash

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology

  2. Psychology: Student Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This book published in 1986 introduces students to psychology and its related subject areas. Students learn that psychology has matured through the centuries from its taboo beginnings in supernatural beliefs and magic to its current status as a scientific discipline. Sections of the book include: (1) "What is Psychology?"; (2) "Human Development";…

  3. Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology Instructor: Amy Spilkin, Ph.D. Office Hours: Before and after class and by appointment Location: La Jolla Village Professional Center, Suite C-109 Phone: 858 range of psychological disorders in children. We will discuss how biological, psychological, and socio

  4. Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230 techniques. Material will be presented and discussed in class that is not contained in the textbook

  5. Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

    2011-01-01

    Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

  6. Transforming Coverage of Primary Prevention in Abnormal Psychology Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, James H.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Maintains that a comprehensive understanding of abnormal psychology requires coverage of recent advances in primary prevention. Describes a conceptual scheme and recommends resources and teaching methods for instructors. Asserts that clinical and community psychology are conceptually distinct but complementary fields. (CFR)

  7. Linked Psychology and Writing Courses across the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cargill, Kima; Kalikoff, Beth

    2007-01-01

    To enhance student performance, prevent attrition, and build a learning community, two courses were linked together by requiring concurrent enrollment. "Writing Effectively," an upper-division composition course, was linked with "Abnormal Psychology," an upper-division clinical psychology course, requiring concurrent enrollment in both. In short,…

  8. Identifying Effective Psychological Treatments of Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murtagh, Douglas R. R.; Greenwood, Kenneth M.

    1995-01-01

    Clarified efficacy of psychological treatments for insomnia through a meta-analysis of 66 outcome studies representing 139 treatment groups. Psychological treatments produced considerable enhancement of both sleep patterns and the subjective experience of sleep. Participants who were clinically referred and who did not regularly use sedatives…

  9. Interests and Career Preparation of Professional Psychology Doctoral Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyers, Steven A.; Kvall, Steven A.; Byers, Kristie; Vega, Natalie; Wedell, Amy; Hichcox, Nanette; Higgins, Sean

    This paper considers whether professional psychology programs are adequately preparing graduate students for post-doctoral careers in light of recent changes in the profession. It describes a national survey to assess the perceived adequacy of the preparation that clinical, counseling, and school psychology doctoral students receive for their…

  10. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology Yale University

    E-print Network

    Scholl, Brian

    ­ Behavioral Health Program for Depression Page 16 Yale Neuropsychology Practicum Training Page 20 #12;2 Yale specialized in individual and group treatment for adolescents and adults who have primary anxiety and mood

  11. 2012 Clinical Psychology Doctoral Student Accomplishments Publications

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    , K. L. (2012). Cognitive behavioral approaches for treating eating disorders. In K. L. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention. Goodheart, J. R. Clopton, and J. J. Robert-McComb (Eds.). Eating disorders in women and children: Prevention

  12. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks. PMID:23163473

  13. Psychological and Vocational Assessment of Native Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomason, Timothy C.

    This paper introduces important issues in the psychological and vocational assessment of Native Americans in schools, mental health clinics, counseling centers, and rehabilitation programs. A primary concern is to conduct such assessment in a fair and unbiased manner. Various methods are used to gather information: interviewing the client, family…

  14. MSc Neurocognitive Psychology in Oldenburg, Germany

    E-print Network

    program offering systematic coverage of the major fields in psychology as well as in-depth training of cognitive neuroscience. Our applied modules additionally guarantee basic training in the areas of clinical to explore the human mind before I started to study in Oldenburg!" ­ Liisa, Estonia International Students

  15. [Psychological contributions to rehabilitation in ambulatory health care].

    PubMed

    Vogel, H

    1996-10-01

    Concepts and theories of psychology are represented which are suitable to enrich rehabilitation medicine in the outpatient medical attendance. First, the understanding of rehabilitation medicine is discribed as a comprehensive care to ensure handicapped persons remain incorporated in family, society and occupation. Second, special fields of psychology sciences are explained, which contribute to reach these aims of rehabilitation, especially pedagogics and health psychology, medical and clinical psychology and behavioural medicine as well as behavior therapy. Third, there are chances discussed to comprise psychologists in a comprehensive rehabilitative treatment. PMID:9036693

  16. MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 1 MSc/Dip PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2014-2015 School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc Psychology FAQs Page 26 Student Representation Page 27 #12;MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 3 INTRODUCTION

  17. Statistical Power of Psychological Research: What Have We Gained in 20 Years?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossi, Joseph S.

    1990-01-01

    Calculated power for 6,155 statistical tests in 221 journal articles published in 1982 volumes of "Journal of Abnormal Psychology,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," and "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology." Power to detect small, medium, and large effects was .17, .57, and .83, respectively. Concluded that power of…

  18. Distinguishing Science from Pseudoscience in School Psychology: Science and Scientific Thinking as Safeguards against Human Error

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Ammirati, Rachel; David, Michal

    2012-01-01

    Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for…

  19. Using an Internship Opportunity to Expand Awareness of Industrial/Organizational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kisamore, Jennifer L.; Alexander, Evangeline

    2008-01-01

    The public perception of the field of psychology tends to be limited to the clinical area. Exposure to other areas of psychology through broad, introductory courses helps expand students' perspectives of psychology. This exposure may be too late, however, as many colleges cannot afford to devote entire courses to each of the many subfields of…

  20. Psychological burden of food allergy

    PubMed Central

    Teufel, Martin; Biedermann, Tilo; Rapps, Nora; Hausteiner, Constanze; Henningsen, Peter; Enck, Paul; Zipfel, Stephan

    2007-01-01

    One fifth of the population report adverse reactions to food. Reasons for these symptoms are heterogeneous, varying from food allergy, food intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome to somatoform or other mental disorders. Literature reveals a large discrepancy between truly diagnosed food allergy and reports of food allergy symptoms by care seekers. In most studies currently available the characterization of patient groups is incomplete, because they did not distinguish between immunologic reactions and other kinds of food reactions. In analysing these adverse reactions, a thorough physical and psychological diagnostic approach is important. In our qualitative review, we present those diagnostic measures that are evidenced-based as well as clinically useful, and discuss the various psychological dimensions of adverse reactions to food. It is important to acknowledge the complex interplay between body and mind: Adults and children suffering from food allergy show impaired quality of life and a higher level of stress and anxiety. Pavlovian conditioning of adverse reactions plays an important role in maintaining symptoms. The role of personality, mood, or anxiety in food reactions is debatable. Somatoform disorders ought to be identified early to avoid lengthy and frustrating investigations. A future task will be to improve diagnostic algorithms, to describe psychological aspects in clearly characterised patient subgroups, and to develop strategies for an optimized management of the various types of adverse reactions to food. PMID:17659692

  1. Psychological functioning in headache sufferers.

    PubMed

    Andrasik, F; Blanchard, E B; Arena, J G; Teders, S J; Teevan, R C; Rodichok, L D

    1982-05-01

    The present study examined the psychological test responses of 99 headache sufferers and 30 matched nonheadache controls. Headache subjects were of four types: migraine (n = 26), muscle contraction (n = 39), combined migraine-muscle contract ion (n = 22), and cluster (n = 12). Measures consisted of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, a modified hostility scale derived from the MMPI, Back Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Autonomic Perception Questionnaire, Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, Social Readjustment Rating Scale, Psychosomatic Symptom Checklist, Schalling-Sifneos Scale, Need for Achievement, and Hostile Press. Significant differences were found on five clinical scales of the MMPI--1, 2, 3, 6, and 7. Of the non-MMPI scales, only the Psychosomatic Symptom Checklist and Trait Anxiety Inventory were significant. Control subjects revealed no significant findings on any tests. The headache groups fell along a continuum, beginning with cluster subjects, who showed only minimal distress, continuing through migraine and combined migraine-muscle contraction, and ending with muscle contraction subjects, who revealed the greatest degree of psychological disturbance. However, none of the headache groups could be characterized by marked elevations on any of the psychological tests, which contrasts with past research findings. It is suggested that the present results may be more representative of the "typical" headache sufferer. PMID:7089156

  2. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Systems Research, 3, 385-396. Sherman, G. D., & Clore, G. L. (2009). The color of sin: White and black are perceptual symbols of moral purity and pollution. Psychological Science, 20, 1019-1025. Sherman, D. K., Gangi, C., & White, M. L. (2010). Embodied... =UTF-8 Running Head: EMBODIMENT IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 1 Embodiment in Social Psychology Brian P. Meier Gettysburg College Simone Schnall University of Cambridge Norbert Schwarz University...

  3. American Psychological Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hate Crimes Health Disparities HIV & AIDS Human Rights Hypnosis Immigration Intelligence Kids & the Media Law & Psychology Learning & Memory Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Marriage & Divorce Military Money ...

  4. Mathematical Psychology William H. Batchelder

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    MBS 98-05 Mathematical Psychology William H. Batchelder Mathematics has played a role in psychology since its beginning; however, the term, "Mathematical psychology", does not refer simply to the application of mathematics to psychology. Instead, mathematical psychology was started as a field

  5. Sport Psychology Sport psychology is: a) the study of the psychological and mental factors that influence

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    Sport Psychology Sport psychology is: a) the study of the psychological and mental factors, and b) the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Sport psychology) practice. Career opportunities in exercise and sport psychology may emphasize various aspects

  6. The Psychology of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rangaswamy, A.; Balasubramanian, P.; Nirmala, R. Sweety

    2007-01-01

    Psychology plays a significant role in the life of each and every human being. Starting from childhood, if psychology of learning is utilized positively it would play a vital role in the building up of a bright career of a child. The explosion of information technology has been exercising far reaching influence on the area of educational…

  7. Transpersonal Psychology in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford; Clark, Frances Vaughan

    The introduction to this booklet states that transpersonal psychology focuses attention on the human capacity for self-transcendence as well as self-realization, and is concerned with the optimum development of consciousness. This booklet attempts to illustrate the value of this psychology in education, not as a complete substitute for traditional…

  8. Social Psychology Syllabus Example

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Social Psychology Syllabus Example We are all social animals. We all realize that much of what we do stems from our interactions with other people, but we often fail to appreciate the power on and on. Social psychology is the study of human interaction and the way it affects behavior. To put

  9. Psychologism and Instructional Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

    2009-01-01

    Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

  10. Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

    1981-01-01

    Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

  11. Foundations of Phenomenological Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aanstoos, Christopher M.

    Phenomenology, hermeneutics and experiential psychology form the backbone of an emerging paradigm within psychology known as human science. Human science's use of phenomenology provides a way to set aside the naturalistic presupposition and directly study the irreducible involvement of human existence within a meaningful world, as it is given in…

  12. Psychology as a Humanity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korn, James H.

    1985-01-01

    Psychology can be considered a humanity as well as a science. Distinctions between the humanities and the sciences are examined, and five characteristics of a humanity are suggested. Three examples of psychology as a humanity are provided. The impact that this view might have on teaching and research is discussed. (Author/RM)

  13. Avian psychology and communication.

    PubMed Central

    Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

    2004-01-01

    The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

  14. Bully victims: psychological and somatic aftermaths.

    PubMed

    Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

    2008-06-01

    Bullying is a well-known adversity among school-age children. According to data, approximately 10 percent of US children and adolescents are the victims of frequent bullying by peers. In the aftermath of being bullied, victims may develop a variety of psychological as well as somatic symptoms, some of which may persist into adulthood. Psychological symptoms may include social difficulties, internalizing symptoms, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, and eating disorders (i.e., anorexia or bulimia nervosa). Somatic symptoms may include poor appetite, headaches, sleep disturbances, abdominal pain, and fatigue. In both mental health and primary care settings, being aware of these types of psychological and somatic symptoms in vulnerable children and adolescents may expedite the identification and eradication of these abusive experiences.This ongoing column is dedicated to the challenging clinical interface between psychiatry and primary care-two fields that are inexorably linked. PMID:19727287

  15. Maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography.

    PubMed

    Sklansky, Mark; Tang, Alvin; Levy, Denis; Grossfeld, Paul; Kashani, Iraj; Shaughnessy, Robin; Rothman, Abraham

    2002-02-01

    The maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography may be deleterious in the face of newly diagnosed congenital heart disease. This questionnaire-based study prospectively examined the psychological impact of both normal and abnormal fetal echocardiography. Normal fetal echocardiography decreased maternal anxiety, increased happiness, and increased the closeness women felt toward their unborn children. In contrast, when fetal echocardiography detected congenital heart disease, maternal anxiety typically increased, and mothers commonly felt less happy about being pregnant. However, among women who had recently delivered infants with congenital heart disease, those who had had fetal echocardiography during the pregnancy felt less responsible for their infants' defects and tended to have improved their relationships with the infants' fathers after the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Further study of the psychological and medical impact of fetal echocardiography will be necessary to define and optimize the clinical value of this powerful diagnostic tool. PMID:11836491

  16. International School Psychology: Psychology's Worldwide Portal to Children and Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland, Thomas D.

    2003-01-01

    International school psychology is discussed in reference to scholarly and professional development within psychology, the emergence of an international association of school psychology, its efforts to promote school psychology, prevailing characteristics of school psychologists, and additional efforts needed to further enhance its development.…

  17. School of Psychology On the Psychology MA students will

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    School of Psychology On the Psychology MA students will advance their understanding and informing and engaging the public in psychological research. Dr Fay Julal, Programme Leader One year full-time Two years part-time MA Psychology #12;11623C©UniversityofBirmingham2015

  18. Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS

    E-print Network

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS Directions. Please indicate the concentration to which you are applying: General Psychology (GEN) Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Substance Abuse Treatment Psychology (SATP) 2. Using a scale of 1 to 5 (where 1

  19. Psychology Department Bylaws Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Psychology Department Bylaws Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY BYLAWS Updated through 8 1.1 The Departmental Bylaws, day-to-day operations and administration of the Psychology Department Responsibilities of the Faculty 2.1 The faculty of the Psychology Department, acting as a group, has

  20. Design and the Interpretation of Psychological Research Psychology 530

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Design and the Interpretation of Psychological Research Psychology 530 A.T. Panter General Description This course covers both theory and applied methods in psychological research, and in particular psychological research (both one's own research and the research of others). Prerequisites There are two

  1. Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

    2009-01-01

    Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

  2. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN -MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Undergraduate Psychology Advisors: advisor@psych.wisc.edu Rooms 426, 428, & 430 Psychology bldg PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR CHECKLIST __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ MAJOR DECLARATION _____ Declare the major with one of the Undergraduate Psychology Advisors, Stephanie

  3. Psychological and Social Predictors of Suicidal Ideation among Young Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkcaldy, Bruce D.; Eysenck, Michael W.; Siefen, Georg R.

    2004-01-01

    Although there is an enormous amount of literature demonstrating socio-psychological determinants of suicide and self-injurious behaviour among adults or clinical samples of children and adolescents, there is a scarcity of studies focussing on non-clinical adolescent samples. The current study examined associations between self-reported data on…

  4. Factors Influencing the Spiritual Competency of Predoctoral Psychology Interns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haasz, Christine A.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship among spiritual competencies, personal spiritual beliefs, and clinical supervision in spirituality with professional psychology predoctoral interns. It was hypothesized personal spiritual beliefs and supervision in spirituality would be predictors of spiritual competencies in clinical practice. Social…

  5. DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 2004-2005 ANNUAL REPORT

    E-print Network

    Placements for Doctoral Graduates ..............62 Appendix J - 2005-2006 Clinical Internship Placements Wegbreit. · Sarah Koss, a triple major in Studio Art/Biology/Psychology, received a Goldwater Scholarship received the Ph.D during 2004-05. · Two students received clinical internships at highly selective research

  6. Introduction to Psychology. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalat, James W.

    Chapters in this textbook for college students in introductory psychology courses are: (1) What is Psychology?; (2) Scientific Methods in Psychology; (3) Biological Psychology; (4) Sensation and Perception; (5) Altered States; (6) Learning; (7) Memory; (8) Cognition and Language; (9) Intelligence and Its Measurement; (10) Development; (11)…

  7. My Psychology Degree..... .....where next?

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 My Psychology Degree..... .....where next? - starting points and further information about career areas related to the study of psychology, including the main professional psychology careers, and areas wanting to become professional psychologists #12;2 Contents Page Introduction 2 Jobs where your psychology

  8. AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY Sample Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY PSYC 503 Sample Syllabus Course Description and Overview: This course examines the psychology of the African American experience. We begin the course with an overview of Black/African American psychology as an evolving field of study and consider the Black/African American Psychology

  9. STUDENT HANDBOOK FOR PSYCHOLOGY 495

    E-print Network

    this as soon as possible to ensure your enrollment in the class. #12;Syllabus 4 PSYCHOLOGY 495 FIELD EXPERIENCESTUDENT HANDBOOK FOR PSYCHOLOGY 495 FIELD EXPERIENCE IN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY COURSE INSTRUCTOR IN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY SPRING, 2015 Every Other Tuesday from 2:50-4:05pm Instructor Information Instructor

  10. January 7, 2014 Psychology Fundamentals

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    and a discussion section. Discussion sections do not meet during the first week of class. 2. Psychology majors mustJanuary 7, 2014 Psychology Fundamentals Psychology 9A / Psy Beh 11A 68080 / 54030 Winter Quarter 3-3:50 SST 220A 68088/54038 DK Text Gleitman, H., Gross, J. & Reisberg, D. (2011). Psychology. 8th

  11. Giving Psychology Away Is Expensive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorsuch, Richard L.; Wallace, William L.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents comments on "Does Psychology make a significant difference in our lives?" by P. Zimbardo. We deeply appreciate the documentation and inspiration provided by Zimbardo on how psychology is reaching out to the public by "giving psychology away" (p. 340). We totally agree that psychology has much, much more to offer that could be…

  12. Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    for demonstrations, guided discussion and exercises, and video examples of abnormal child behavior and treatment The required textbook for this class is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2008). Abnormal child psychology (4th ed

  13. "Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keutzer, Carolin S.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

  14. MA Psychology Optional Modules

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    to evaluation of concepts such as food craving and addiction. Examination of non- nutritive effects of foods the #12;topic from biological, neurological, psychological and psychiatric perspectives. The module

  15. Operational Psychology Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holland, Al

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

  16. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Shipley, Thomas F.

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report VOL. 14, NO. 4, JULY 2003 Copyright © 2003 American), and of the action (e.g., observers can identify how far an invisible object has been thrown; Runeson & Frykholm

  17. Ecological psychology and social psychology: continuing discussion.

    PubMed

    Charles, Eric P

    2012-06-01

    What form would an ideal merger of ecological and social psychology take? Is that ideal attainable? Many researchers and theorists are working to answer these questions. Charles (2009, 2011a) offered insights from E. B. Holt, one of James J. Gibson's mentors, who argued that minds-mental kinds, processes, states, etc.-are observable aspects of the environment. Phrasing that in Ecological terms, the minds of other organisms are specified in the structure of ambient energy extended over time and space; they are directly perceivable by a properly attuned organism. Ecological Psychology enhances Holt's story, by brining to the table a sophisticated theory of direct perception; Holt enhances the Ecological story by brining to the table a sophisticated theory about the nature of minds. The two combine to form the long-sought ideal merger. Thus, I claimed, Ecological Psychology will either rediscover its roots, or go through the trouble of re-creating them. This paper further develops those ideas, by presenting a simpler version of the argument, suggesting easy ways of dismissing that argument, and addressing the concerns expressed by Castro and Lafuente (2011). PMID:21809179

  18. The Place and Promise of Theory in Rehabilitation Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Dunn, Dana S.; Elliott, Timothy R.

    2008-01-01

    Objective Although rehabilitation psychology is more focused on empirical evidence and clinical application than theory development, we argue for the primacy of theory, and explain why theories are needed in and useful for rehabilitation psychology. Impediments to theory development are discussed, including the difficulties of applying psychological theories in multidisciplinary enterprises, and the difficulties in developing a theory-driven research program. We offer suggestions by reviewing research settings, knowledge gained through controlled studies, grantsmanship, and then identify topical areas where new theories are needed. We remind researcher-practitioners that rehabilitation psychology benefits from a judicious mix of scientific rigor and real-world vigor. Conclusions We close by advocating for theory-driven research programs that embrace a methodological pluralism, which will in turn advance new theory, produce meaningful research programs that inform practice, and realize the goals of this special issue of Rehabilitation Psychology—advances in research and methodology. PMID:19649146

  19. Psychological Processing in Chronic Pain: A Neural Systems Approach

    PubMed Central

    Simons, Laura; Elman, Igor; Borsook, David

    2014-01-01

    Our understanding of chronic pain involves complex brain circuits that include sensory, emotional, cognitive and interoceptive processing. The feed-forward interactions between physical (e.g., trauma) and emotional pain and the consequences of altered psychological status on the expression of pain have made the evaluation and treatment of chronic pain a challenge in the clinic. By understanding the neural circuits involved in psychological processes, a mechanistic approach to the implementation of psychology-based treatments may be better understood. In this review we evaluate some of the principle processes that may be altered as a consequence of chronic pain in the context of localized and integrated neural networks. These changes are ongoing, vary in their magnitude, and their hierarchical manifestations, and may be temporally and sequentially altered by treatments, and all contribute to an overall pain phenotype. Furthermore, we link altered psychological processes to specific evidence-based treatments to put forth a model of pain neuroscience psychology. PMID:24374383

  20. Psychological Treatments for Eating Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Kass, Andrea E.; Kolko, Rachel P.; Wilfley, Denise E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of review This review summarizes recent evidence on psychological treatments for eating disorders (EDs). Recent findings EDs are serious psychiatric conditions requiring evidence-based intervention. Treatments have been evaluated within each ED diagnosis and across diagnoses. For adults with anorexia nervosa, no one specialist treatment has been shown to be superior. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) remain the most established treatments for bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, with stepped-care approaches showing promise and new behavioral treatments under study. Transdiagnostic enhanced CBT has improved symptoms in adults and youth. Maudsley family-based therapy is the most established treatment for youth with anorexia nervosa and may be efficacious for youth with bulimia nervosa. IPT for the prevention of excess weight gain may be efficacious for reducing loss of control eating and weight gain in overweight youth. Summary Significant advances in treatments have been made, including evaluation of long-term outcomes, novel approaches, and tailored extension for specific patient profiles. However, widespread access to effective ED treatments remains limited. Increasing the potency and expanding the implementation of psychological treatments beyond research settings into clinical practice has strong potential to increase access to care, thereby reducing the burden of EDs. PMID:24060917

  1. Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Brewin, Chris R.; Gregory, James D.; Lipton, Michelle; Burgess, Neil

    2010-01-01

    Involuntary images and visual memories are prominent in many types of psychopathology. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, and psychosis frequently report repeated visual intrusions corresponding to a small number of real or imaginary events, usually extremely vivid, detailed, and with highly distressing content. Both memory and imagery appear to rely on common networks involving medial prefrontal regions, posterior regions in the medial and lateral parietal cortices, the lateral temporal cortex, and the medial temporal lobe. Evidence from cognitive psychology and neuroscience implies distinct neural bases to abstract, flexible, contextualized representations (C-reps) and to inflexible, sensory-bound representations (S-reps). We revise our previous dual representation theory of posttraumatic stress disorder to place it within a neural systems model of healthy memory and imagery. The revised model is used to explain how the different types of distressing visual intrusions associated with clinical disorders arise, in terms of the need for correct interaction between the neural systems supporting S-reps and C-reps via visuospatial working memory. Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy. PMID:20063969

  2. The nature of delusion: psychologically explicable? psychologically inexplicable? philosophically explicable? Part 1.

    PubMed

    Cutting, J; Musalek, M

    2015-12-01

    The debate about the nature of delusion has rumbled on for over a century without resolution. The current situation is a stand-off between psychologists, who propose various theories as to the psychological explicability of delusion, and psychiatrists, who generally regard delusion as inexplicable. Our main aim in this 2-part article is to reprise the intellectual atmosphere of German psychopathology in the inter-war and immediate post-war years, when the issues concerning delusion were formulated with more sensitivity to the actual delusions encountered in clinical practice. In Part 1 we mount a critique of psychological and psychiatric theories of delusion. PMID:26574057

  3. University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    1 University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology Psychology W1 General Psychology to most upper-division courses in the Department of Psychology. Psychology 1 (or its online equivalent, Psychology W1) is required for prospective majors in Psychology, and is intended for lower-division students

  4. [Placebo effect: a contribution of social psychology].

    PubMed

    Balez, R; Leroyer, C; Couturaud, F

    2014-10-01

    This article reviews the psychosocial variables, which are of interest in the relationship between the patient and the physician. According to a classical model of social psychology, such a relationship might contribute to the placebo/nocebo effects. We develop herein various relational and contextual variables, taking into account four dimensions (intra-individual, interpersonal, positional and ideological) and their potential effects on therapeutic responses. This applies both in the setting of daily clinical practice and of clinical trials. The placebo effect offers an opportunity for collaboration and dialogue between social scientists and physicians. PMID:25391506

  5. Psychological stress measure in type 2 diabetes.

    PubMed

    Trovato, G M; Catalano, D; Martines, G F; Spadaro, D; Di Corrado, D; Crispi, V; Garufi, G; Di Nuovo, S

    2006-01-01

    Psychological stress has been implicated as a cause of several psychosomatic disorders, but also as a factor that can unfavourably influence many diseases including diabetes mellitus. Measure of psychological stress in diabetes was performed by Psychological Stress Measure (PSM), a validated instrument, designed using 49 items drawn from descriptors generated by focus groups on stress. Clinical and psychological framework was assessed in a cohort of 100 type 2 diabetic patients (30 m, 70 f), aged 66.99 +/- 13.68 years considering disease grade, complications and level of instruction. Three other questionnaires were administered concurrently to all patients: Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), Functional Living Index (FLI) and SF-36 QOL. ANOVA statistical testing and Spearman correlation matrix were used also vs socio-cultural and clinical profile. Gender, obesity, diet compliance, smoking do not affect PSM response. Hypertensive patients and those with family history of diabetes show lower PSM scores, according to a sort of moderator effect on stress of concurrent and/or previous experience with chronic disease. Neuromuscular ailments are more prevalent in women; men vs women experience severe limitations of their working capacities and relational possibilities, with severe discomfort. In the whole, higher scores of PSM (greater stress p < 0.01) and lower scores of FLI (fair well-being perception; p < 0.01) are reciprocally related inside any school instruction level. Despite the great reciprocal association of the PSM vs FLI and SIP, no significant correlation is found between PSM vs SF-36 QOL. Socio-cultural elements interfere, and particularly instruction level quantified as school grades achieved, with the manner of living their disease. Interventions on psychological distress of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is warranted, specially in the groups with lower levels of instruction which may need an attentive strategy for achieving a satisfactory coping with this disease. PMID:16705951

  6. The psychological present.

    PubMed

    Hayes, L J

    1992-01-01

    The present paper compares behavior-analytic and cognitive treatments of the concept of psychological history with regard to its role in current action. Both treatments take the position that the past bears some responsibility for the present, and are thereby obligated to find a means of actualizing the past in the present. Both do so by arguing that the past is brought to bear in the present via the organism. Although the arguments of the two positions differ on this issue, neither provides a complete account. An unconventional treatment of psychological history is proposed, the logic of which is exemplified in anthropological, biological, and psychological perspectives. The unconventional treatment in psychological perspective holds that (a) the organism's interaction with its environment, not the organism itself, changes with experience; and (b) the past interactions of an organism exist as, and only as, the present interactions of that organism. This solution to the problem of psychological history provides obligations and opportunities for analysis that are not available when the more conventional positions of cognitivism and behavior analysis are adopted. PMID:22478124

  7. Psychological Factors in Asthma

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

  8. [Psychology in rehabilitation].

    PubMed

    Haag, G; Lucius, G

    1984-02-01

    The article gives an overview of the importance and potentialities of psychology in the context of rehabilitation, outlining, among others, the psychologist's various tasks and functions relative to diagnosis, counselling, and therapy in medical, education, vocational, and psychosocial rehabilitation. Theories describing psychosocial factors involved in the development of, and in coping with, disability are discussed. Further, psychological intervention approaches are set out, focussing on their particular relevance to rehabilitation. Special attention is given to the psychologist's position within the interdisciplinary team, as well as to possibilities for, and requirements of, professional training and further education in rehabilitation psychology. As the various subjects could not be dealth with exhaustively, the article includes numerous references for further reading and links up with subsequent five contributions dealing with the main theme of the present issue of Die Rehabilitation. PMID:6701388

  9. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological Association,Inc. 1996, Vol. 2, No. 2,293-323 1076-8971/96/$3.00

    E-print Network

    Grove, William M.

    Psychology, Public Policy, and Law Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological Association each of three Illinois prisons.) Burgess combined 21 objective factors (e.g., nature of crime, nature, "clinical"judgments were also made by three prison psychiatrists about probable parole success

  10. Clinical science and human behavior.

    PubMed

    Plaud, J J

    2001-09-01

    The debate between mentalism/cognitivism and behaviorism is analyzed, and it is concluded that behaviorism is the philosophy more closely associated with psychology as a behavioral science, the cognitive approach being more closely aligned with biological science. Specific objections to mentalistic interpretations of behavioral phenomena are detailed, and examples from clinical psychology are used to show the importance of behavioral approaches in applied domains. It is argued that the relation between behavior theory and clinical psychology is critical to the continued advancement of applied psychology. Behavior analysis is offered as a direct, applied extension of behavior theory as well as a highly practical and effective approach for understanding, explaining, and modifying the factors that contribute to and maintain maladaptive behaviors. PMID:11494239

  11. Need for the Doctor of Psychology Degree in Professional Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Donald R.

    1976-01-01

    Asserts the advantage of employing the PsyD degree both affirmatively, as a certificate of professional competence in psychology, and restrictively, to exclude inadequately trained people from the practice of professional psychology. (Author)

  12. Gender and Psychological Essentialism

    PubMed Central

    Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

  13. Psychological lessons of Chernobyl

    SciTech Connect

    Abramova, V.N.

    1989-01-01

    Up to the time of the disaster, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was regarded as one of the best in the USSR, and the city of Pripyat, housing the plant's staff, was rightly called one of the most comfortable. Also, the psychological climate of the plant provided no causes for worry. This was a worked-in team, composed of seasoned and knowledgeable experts. How can one then explain the events that happened in such an unlikely place. Isn't there a danger that the situation will repeat itself. The author considers the question and other psychological aspects of the Chernobyl incident.

  14. Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

  15. Broadening the Boundaries of Psychology through Community Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues for community psychology to be included within the discipline boundaries of psychology. In doing this, it will enable psychology to begin to address some of the large scale social issues affecting people's well-being. It will be necessary, however, to incorporate aspects of other disciplines, make explicit the political…

  16. Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delgado-Romero, Edward A.; Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides the introduction, background and rationale for the Major Contribution focused on five national ethnic minority psychological associations: the Asian American Psychological Association, The Association of Black Psychologists, the National Latina/o Psychological Association, the Society of Indian Psychologists, and the Society…

  17. American Psychological Association Leaders in School Psychology Directory, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

    Intended to promote communication and collaboration among professionals across the United States, this directory brings together a variety of information on key leaders in the field of school psychology. Governance members in the American Psychological Association (APA) who work in school psychology are listed, as well as leaders in the following…

  18. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (ONLINE) Psychology 310-115, Summer 2012

    E-print Network

    Diestel, Geoff

    ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (ONLINE) Psychology 310-115, Summer 2012 Instructor: Sam Fiala, Ph.D., L.P. Class Meetings: Online Email: Blackboard (preferred); sam.fiala@ct.tamus.edu Office phone: 254 provides an opportunity for students to increase their knowledge and understanding of abnormal psychology

  19. Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal…

  20. Effects of psychological stress on male fertility.

    PubMed

    Nargund, Vinod H

    2015-07-01

    Psychological stress can be defined as any uncomfortable 'emotional experience' accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioural changes or responses. Many clinical studies looking at the effects of psychological stress on male fertility have shown that stress is associated with reduced paternity and abnormal semen parameters. Enough scientific evidence exists to suggest that psychological stress could severely affect spermatogenesis, mainly as a result of varying testosterone secretion. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has a direct inhibitory action on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and Leydig cells in the testes. The newly discovered hormone, gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), also has an inhibitory effect on the HPG axis. Inhibition of the HPG axis results in a fall in testosterone levels, which causes changes in Sertoli cells and the blood-testis barrier, leading to the arrest of spermatogenesis. Germ cells also become vulnerable to gonadotoxins and oxidation. However, the extent and severity of the effects of psychological stress on human testes is difficult to study and data mostly come from animal models. Despite this limitation, stress as a causative factor in male infertility cannot be ignored and patients should be made aware of its effects on testicular function and fertility and helped to manage them. PMID:26057063

  1. Misconceptions of Psychology among Academicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Rick M.; Hund, Renee M.

    1983-01-01

    Study findings indicate that there is correspondence between faculty members' misconceptions related to psychology and students' mistaken beliefs about psychology. Subjects were 303 psychologists teaching in colleges and universities who completed a true-false questionnaire. (AM)

  2. Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement

    E-print Network

    10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

  3. COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Bermúdez, José Luis

    COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

  4. PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    Lecture 11 through and including Lecture 18. Each midterm will have 40 multiple-choice questionsPSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2015 Course: Psych 9A/Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 12: Tu 2:00 ­ 2:50 GENERAL INFORMATION 1. You must be registered both in the lecture and in a discussion

  5. Evolutionary Developmental Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geary, David C.; Bjorklund, David F.

    2000-01-01

    Describes evolutionary developmental psychology as the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene-environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. Outlines basic assumptions and domains of…

  6. Confronting Psychology's Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    Isaac Prilleltensky (this issue, pp. 116-136) seeks to make community psychology a more effective force for social justice. His discussion of psychopolitical validity raises a number of questions: How perfect must the theoretical framework be to usefully oppose unjust power? In what way is the notion of "psychopolitical validity" most useful? How…

  7. Psychology MAJOR Event Presentation

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    Psychology MAJOR Event Presentation 4:00 P.M. Welcome Associate Chair, Karl Rosengren, PhD 4:10 P Session #1 "Harnessing the Power of the Mind" Cheri Cope, Athletic Mind, LLC Using the Power of the Mind distractions. By harnessing the power of the mind we create a life of purpose. Getting Involved in Research

  8. Space Psychology and Psychiatry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

    2003-09-01

    This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

  9. Psychology of Deafness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Federation of the Deaf, Rome (Italy).

    Nine conference papers discuss the psychology of deafness. They include seven papers from the United States: "Deafness: The Interdependent Variable" by M. Vernon and D. A. Rothstein, "The Reliability and Construct Validity of the Self-Concept of Academic Ability Scale-Form D for Hearing Impaired Students" by L. M. JOINER, "Studies of the…

  10. Psychology: Teacher Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This supplement provides teachers with tests, quizzes, answers to questions in the text, and general teaching information for using the student text, "Psychology," by Rebecca Stark. Quizzes included are on the topics of human development; the nervous system; the brain; cognitive development; sensation and perception; conditioning; learning;…

  11. Psychology and "the Babe".

    PubMed

    Fuchs, A H

    1998-01-01

    Psychologists and baseball players were among those Americans who formed professional associations in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Psychologists used laboratory tasks to quantify mental and behavioral processes while sportswriters and baseball organizers measured individual and team performance. The most popular baseball player of the 1920s, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, possessed superior batting skills that were evident in the statistical indices of baseball performance. In 1921, he was brought to the psychological laboratory at Columbia University to perform standard laboratory tasks in an effort to discover the basis for his success in hitting home runs and to suggest the potential of tests for identifying future baseball stars. Baseball's addiction to quantitative indices of performance was thus brought together with a new science devoted to quantitative assessment and a desire to make such assessments useful. The attempt to analyze the basis of Ruth's batting skills is part of the history of applied psychology, sport psychology, and popular interest in the science of psychology. PMID:9580977

  12. The Psychology of Syllogisms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson-Laird, Philip N.; Steedman, Mark

    1978-01-01

    Based upon the concept that the psychological meaning of a syllogism depends upon the order of the premises in addition to the formal logic expressed, the analogical theory of the interpretation of syllogisms is developed, experimentally tested, and implemented as a computer program. (CTM)

  13. Psychological Maltreatment in Schooling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Stuart N.

    1987-01-01

    Five conditions of psychological maltreatment of children can occur in schooling: discipline through fear; low quality human interaction; limited opportunities to develop competency and self-worth; encouragement to be dependent; and denial of opportunities for healthy risk-taking. Issues associated with these conditions and methods for overcoming…

  14. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Ruvinsky, Ilya

    that social factors such as loneliness not only may influence the selection of health behaviors but also may modulate the salubrity of restorative behaviors. Positive social relationships contribute to physical the psychological im- pact of social interactions and relationships rather than their presence or absence (e

  15. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article

    E-print Network

    Shimamura, Arthur P.

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article MEMORY AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES IN UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS: Evidence for Successful Aging Arthur P. Shimamura,' Jane M. Berry,^ Jennifer A. Mangels,' Cheryl L. Rusting, professors may develop cfHctent use of cognitive abiliues or strategies that may prevent or mit- igate aging

  16. Rediscovering Differential Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takooshian, Harold

    2010-01-01

    Comments on the original article, "Many forms of culture," by A. B. Cohen. Cohen offered an eye-opening review of how culture means much more than ethnicity within a nation or differences between nations. After developing a much-expanded definition of culture, he concluded, "I have lamented the fact that psychology has focused on some important…

  17. APA Educational Psychology Handbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

  18. PSYCHOLOGY. Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.

    PubMed

    2015-08-28

    Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available. Replication effects were half the magnitude of original effects, representing a substantial decline. Ninety-seven percent of original studies had statistically significant results. Thirty-six percent of replications had statistically significant results; 47% of original effect sizes were in the 95% confidence interval of the replication effect size; 39% of effects were subjectively rated to have replicated the original result; and if no bias in original results is assumed, combining original and replication results left 68% with statistically significant effects. Correlational tests suggest that replication success was better predicted by the strength of original evidence than by characteristics of the original and replication teams. PMID:26315443

  19. Transpersonal: The New Educational Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford

    This article lists some of the major ideas and topics of interest in transpersonal psychology and illustrates them with examples of transpersonal education applied to schools. Transpersonal psychology includes psychological aspects of such things as new world views, altered states of consciousness, an impulse toward higher states, self-realization…

  20. The Process of Psychological Consultation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational…

  1. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  2. GRADUATE STUDENT DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON 2014 for the Master of Arts at UNCW B. Specific Requirements for the Master of Arts in Psychology C. Additional 14. Department Colloquia 15. Graduate Student Association (GSA) & Psychology Graduate Student

  3. Student Orientation Guide General Psychology

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Student Orientation Guide PSYC W1 General Psychology June 22-August 14, 2015 Summer Session Online to Psychology (Cengage, 10th ed., 2014), by James W. Kalat · Be sure to purchase the Kalat book, and be sure to purchase the 10th edition; other sections of Psychology 1 and 2 may use different texts · ISBN-10

  4. Social Justice and School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nastasi, Bonnie K.

    2008-01-01

    Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

  5. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalal, Ajit K.

    2011-01-01

    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  6. Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanazawa, Satoshi

    2010-01-01

    This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

  7. Undergraduate Courses in School of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Banaji,. Murad

    Psychology Undergraduate Courses in School of Psychology Undergraduate Courses in #12;The School has an excellent reputation for Psychology, which is important as I intend to continue in this field that. Zoe, BSc Psychology Contents 3 Welcome to the School of Psychology 4 Why choose Psychology

  8. Integrating Clinical Neuropsychology into the Undergraduate Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puente, Antonio E.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Claims little information exists in undergraduate education about clinical neuropsychology. Outlines an undergraduate neuropsychology course and proposes ways to integrate the subject into existing undergraduate psychology courses. Suggests developing specialized audio-visual materials for telecourses or existing courses. (NL)

  9. Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality Spring 2011. W. (2011). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. (IBSN 391: "Major theoretical approaches to individual differences and the study of the person. Techniques

  10. A Cross-Sectional Study of the Psychological Needs of Adults Living with Cystic Fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Pakhale, Smita; Baron, Justine; Armstrong, Michael; Tasca, Georgio; Gaudet, Ena; Aaron, Shawn; Cameron, William; Balfour, Louise

    2015-01-01

    Background Depression and anxiety are prevalent in people with cystic fibrosis (CF), yet psychological services are rarely accessible in CF clinics. This cross-sectional single center study reports on a psychological needs assessment of people with CF. Methods We asked adults attending a CF clinic, without integrated psychological services, to complete a psychological needs assessment survey that included items on: a) past access to psychological services (via a CF referral service), b) concerns relevant to discuss with a psychologist, and c) their likelihood of accessing psychological services if available at the CF clinic, and standardized measures of depression (CES-D) and anxiety (GAD-7). Results We enrolled 49 participants and 45 (91.8%) completed the survey. Forty percent reported elevated symptoms of depression and 13% had elevated anxiety. A majority of individuals (72.2% and 83.3%, respectively) indicated they would be likely to use psychological services, if available at the clinic. Concerns considered most relevant to discuss with a psychologist were: 1) worries (51.1%), 2) mood (44.4%), 3) life stress (46.6%), 4) adjustment to CF (42.2%), 5) life transitions (42.2%) and 6) quality of life (42.2%). Conclusions This study highlights the rationale for screening adults with CF for depression and anxiety, and to facilitate provision of psychological services and preventative mental health interventions as an integral component of multi-disciplinary CF care. PMID:26102351

  11. Chronic Hepatitis C and Antiviral Treatment Regimens: Where Can Psychology Contribute?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evon, Donna M.; Golin, Carol E.; Fried, Michael W.; Keefe, Francis J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Our goal was to evaluate the existing literature on psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection and antiviral treatment; provide the state of the behavioral science in areas that presently hinder HCV-related health outcomes; and make recommendations for areas in which clinical psychology

  12. Beyond the Mechanics of Infertility: Perspectives on the Social Psychology of Infertility and Involuntary Childlessness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Anne Martin; Matthews, Ralph

    1986-01-01

    Examines the social and social psychological implications of infertility and involuntary childlessness. Examines the clinical and popular literature on the correlates and causes of infertility and the social psychological consequences of infertility. Suggests ways that family practitioners and researchers might overcome some of the limitations.…

  13. Evaluation of the California Psychological Inventory as an Effective Admission Standard for PsyD Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobylinski, Amy

    2009-01-01

    A current admission criterion of a PsyD program was examined for effective profiling of personality characteristics of professional clinical psychology students. The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) was used as the personality assessment of all applicants to the PsyD program. The CPI quadrant score of "Alpha" with a CPI score of "7" and…

  14. Normality in Analytical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Steve

    2013-01-01

    Although C.G. Jung’s interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault’s criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung’s work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault’s own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung’s disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

  15. Normality in analytical psychology.

    PubMed

    Myers, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Although C.G. Jung's interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault's criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung's work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault's own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung's disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

  16. The Smartphone Psychology Manifesto.

    PubMed

    Miller, Geoffrey

    2012-05-01

    By 2025, when most of today's psychology undergraduates will be in their mid-30s, more than 5 billion people on our planet will be using ultra-broadband, sensor-rich smartphones far beyond the abilities of today's iPhones, Androids, and Blackberries. Although smartphones were not designed for psychological research, they can collect vast amounts of ecologically valid data, easily and quickly, from large global samples. If participants download the right "psych apps," smartphones can record where they are, what they are doing, and what they can see and hear and can run interactive surveys, tests, and experiments through touch screens and wireless connections to nearby screens, headsets, biosensors, and other peripherals. This article reviews previous behavioral research using mobile electronic devices, outlines what smartphones can do now and will be able to do in the near future, explains how a smartphone study could work practically given current technology (e.g., in studying ovulatory cycle effects on women's sexuality), discusses some limitations and challenges of smartphone research, and compares smartphones to other research methods. Smartphone research will require new skills in app development and data analysis and will raise tough new ethical issues, but smartphones could transform psychology even more profoundly than PCs and brain imaging did. PMID:26168460

  17. Psychological Well-Being and Spinal Cord Injury Recovery: A Two-Way Street? 

    E-print Network

    Maldonado, Sioui

    2014-08-26

    Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to increased anxiety and depression in as many as 60% of patients. Yet despite extensive clinical research focused on understanding the variables influencing psychological well-being following SCI, risk factors...

  18. Integrating Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues into Mainstream Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldfried, Marvin R.

    2001-01-01

    Illustrates how clinical and research writings on gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) issues remain invisible to mainstream psychology in such areas as life span development and aging, teen suicide, substance abuse, victimization, and family and couple relationships, examining determinants of wellbeing among GLBs and discussing what mainstream…

  19. Psychological Factors that Promote and Inhibit Pathological Gambling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morasco, Benjamin J.; Weinstock, Jeremiah; Ledgerwood, David M.; Petry, Nancy M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes qualitative data regarding psychological factors that may affect gambling behavior among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Participants (n = 84) diagnosed with pathological gambling were treated in a clinical trial examining the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Qualitative data were collected from…

  20. Content, Structure, and Usefulness of Juvenile Predisposition Psychological Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morin, Samantha L.; Cruise, Keith R.; Hinz, Holly; Holloway, Evan D.; Chapman, John F.

    2015-01-01

    Background: There is a dearth of research regarding the content and structure of juvenile predisposition psychological evaluations. Limited research suggests that key mental health domains are insufficiently represented and judges use evaluator recommendations regarding legal outcomes more often than clinical outcomes. Studies have not addressed…

  1. Evidence in the Psychological Therapies: A Critical Guide for Practitioners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mace, Chris, Ed.; Moorey, Stirling, Ed.; Roberts, Bernard, Ed.

    Research is increasingly used as the benchmark of clinical quality and evidence-based practice is likely to determine standards for psychotherapists in the future. This book explains why psychotherapeutic services should be more evidenced-based, and presents the types of evidence thought to be most relevant to psychological therapies. The…

  2. Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

    This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and…

  3. Psychological Assessment through Performance-Based Techniques and Self-Reports: A Case Study of a Sexually Abused Girl at Preschool Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khalily, Muhammad Tahir; Hallahan, Brian

    2011-01-01

    We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological

  4. Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

    2014-01-01

    An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school…

  5. Children's psychological responses to hospitalization.

    PubMed

    Vessey, Judith A

    2003-01-01

    The data-based literature addressing children's psychological responses to hospitalization was reviewed using methods outlined by Cooper (1989). Using a developmental science perspective, early research was reviewed and a model of variables that contribute to children's responses was constructed. This model consists of three major foci, including maturational and cognitive variables (developmental level, experience, coping style), ecological variables (family and hospital milieu), and biological variables (inborn factors and pathophysiology). Coping serves as the overarching framework for examining these variables and their contributions to children's responses to hospitalization. A variety of theoretical perspectives from the social sciences have been used, with psychoanalytic and stress and adaptation theories predominating. The majority of the research used simple case study, descriptive, or pre- and post-test designs. Methodologic issues were common. Little qualitative work has been done. Future research directions call for studies to adopt new theoretical and empirical models that are methodologically rigorous and clinically relevant and that embrace the precepts of developmental science. PMID:12858697

  6. Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions

    E-print Network

    Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological, USA rmorris@media.mit.edu #12;Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions Recent advances for crowd-powered positive psychological interventions. Keywords: crowdsourcing; affective computing

  7. Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 1 Running head: COMBINING PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS WITH MACHINE LEARNING

    E-print Network

    Kraus, Sarit

    Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 1 Running head: COMBINING PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS WITH MACHINE LEARNING Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning to Better Predict People's Decisions;Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 2 Abstract Creating agents that proficiently interact

  8. Working with LGBT Individuals: Incorporating Positive Psychology into Training and Practice

    PubMed Central

    Lytle, Megan C.; Vaughan, Michelle D.; Rodriguez, Eric M.; Shmerler, David L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines how positive psychology principles can be incorporated into clinical training and practice to work with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) clients. LGBT psychology literature has all too often relied on heterosexual and cisgender reference groups as the norm with respect to psychological health, primarily framing the experiences of LGBT individuals through the lens of psychopathology. As a result, strengths that could be ascribed to the LGBT experience have been overlooked within training and practice. While positive psychology is actively being incorporated into clinical and counseling psychology curricula, broadening the paradigm to include LGBT individuals has generally not been included in the discussion. Specific recommendations for training psychologists to incorporate and foster positive social institutions, positive subjective experiences and character strengths when working with LGBT clients and celebrating their unique experiences are provided. PMID:25544947

  9. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN -MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Undergraduate Psychology Advising Office, Rooms 426, 428 and 430 Psychology, advisor@psych.wisc.edu Welcome to the Department of Psychology at UW-Madison! The Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin, among

  10. Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology #12;Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology of psychology to today's changing business environment. On behalf of the University of Southern California, I Psychology online program. Here at USC, we recognize the importance of applying psychology in many areas

  11. Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    © Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

  12. A Contemporary Story of School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

    2012-01-01

    A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

  13. Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students' Training Experiences in Primary Care Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Jared

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study focused on counseling psychology doctoral students' perspectives regarding their practicum training experience in primary care psychology. The four participants included three females and one male. Semi-structured individual and focus group interviews were used to explore participants' experiences. The participants described…

  14. Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

  15. Purposive Sampling in Clinical Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royeen, Charlotte Brasic; Fortune, Jim Carlton

    This paper identifies typical sampling problems, including improper application of the Central Limit Theorem, that are associated with the probability-based sampling procedures currently used in clinical psychology research. It then presents two alternative research designs, the theory validation model and the extended case study model, which…

  16. Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

    2006-01-01

    The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach…

  17. Revenge: An Analysis of Its Psychological Underpinnings.

    PubMed

    Grobbink, Leonie H; Derksen, Jan J L; van Marle, Hjalmar J C

    2015-07-01

    An overview of the literature and theories concerning revenge is presented in this study. The aim is to clarify the boundaries between a healthy and pathological way of dealing with revenge to improve diagnostics, with regard to both theory and clinical practice. Revenge is an intrapersonal phenomenon and the extent to which people need revenge has a certain degree of stability. A healthy way of dealing with revenge may restore the psychological balance that has previously been disturbed. However, the desire for revenge can be long-lasting and dysfunctional due to, among other things, early problems in development and specific personality traits. Consequently, a pathological way of dealing with revenge can be part of a disorder and can lead to destructive acts such as homicide and even mass murder. Some clinical examples are presented and points of attention regarding diagnostics and treatment are discussed. PMID:24441031

  18. Clinical Trials

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disease Information Treatment Types of Treatment Clinical Trials Clinical Trials Clinical Trials SHARE: Print Glossary Taking part in a ... are based on previous clinical trials. Find personalized clinical trial searches or for more information, contact an ...

  19. [Effectiveness of the medical-psychological rehabilitation of combatants].

    PubMed

    Ichitovkina, E G; Zlokazova, M V; Solov'ev, A G

    2013-01-01

    To analyze treatment effectiveness, authors examined 199 combatants during the first days and in 1.5 month after their return from combat zones. Stages and content of medical-psychological rehabilitation, including psychopharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, are described. The significant improvement in clinical and social-psychological characteristics of patients was revealed. The reduction of main psychopathological symptoms was identified in patients with adaptation disorders as well as with post-traumatic-stress disorders. The necessity of rehabilitation for all combatants after their return from combat zones has been grounded. PMID:23739502

  20. [Prostate cancer and androgen deprivation: benefits of psychological counseling].

    PubMed

    Frambati, L; Weber, K; Canuto, A; Miralbell, R; Zilli, T; Pichard, C; Joly, C; Voison, N; Santos, J Flores Alves Dos

    2013-02-13

    Androgen deprivation is a therapeutic option for patients with prostate cancer, however with a range of side effects that negatively affects their physical and psychological condition. A multidisciplinary care program, ADAPP ("Androgenic deprivation in prostate cancer patients"), has been created with a special focus on managing these side effects. This article describes the intervention of the liaison psychiatry within this program, with care options ranging from psychological support to intensive psychotherapy to address patients' intrapsychic dynamics throughout this care program. Clinical cases are reported to illustrate the relevance and the necessity of this specialized counselling. PMID:23477070

  1. Black Psychology: The Third Great Tradition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Norman D.; Kono, Sumiko

    1977-01-01

    Contends that by first recognizing that black psychology exists as a unique entity, and then comparing the elements of the psychology of the East, West, and Africa, we might construct a "universal psychology" for all men. (Author/AM)

  2. Montana State University 1 Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Department of Psychology Graduate Coordinator PO Box 173440 will be asked information listed on the Psychology Department's supplemental application form (http:// www that summarizes one's academic background in psychology or related field, career plans, research experience

  3. Memorial University Counselling Centre Professional Psychology

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    1 Memorial University Counselling Centre Doctoral Professional Psychology Residency Programme 2013-2014 Accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association www of Counseling Services (IACS) www.iacsinc.org Participating Member: Canadian Council of Professional Psychology

  4. Interested in Political and Environmental Psychology?

    E-print Network

    British Columbia, University of

    Interested in Political and Environmental Psychology? The Reactions to be stressful, the REST Lab in the Department of Psychology at UBC continues to do research in three major areas: Political Psychology Ongoing projects are studying

  5. Bayesian Belief Polarization Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Spirtes, Peter

    Bayesian Belief Polarization Alan Jern Department of Psychology Carnegie Mellon University ajern considered by psychological studies of belief polarization. We focus on discrete hypothesis spaces Kemp Department of Psychology Carnegie Mellon University ckemp@cmu.edu Abstract Empirical studies have

  6. Psychology Practice: Design for Tomorrow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodheart, Carol D.

    2011-01-01

    This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential…

  7. Psychological Foundations of Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trow, Wm. Clark, Ed.; Haddan, Eugene E., Ed.

    This book of readings in educational psychology for teachers contains selections which are both historical and technological. More emphasis is placed on general information and direct educational applications than on theoretical and experimental education psychology, and some of the articles have been abridged. Topics covered include teacher…

  8. Robots in Space -Psychological Aspects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sipes, Walter E.

    2006-01-01

    A viewgraph presentation on the psychological aspects of developing robots to perform routine operations associated with monitoring, inspection, maintenance and repair in space is shown. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Vision; 3) Current Robots in Space; 4) Ground Based Robots; 5) AERCam; 6) Rotating Bladder Robot (ROBLR); 7) DART; 8) Robonaut; 9) Full Immersion Telepresence Testbed; 10) ERA; and 11) Psychological Aspects

  9. Objective techniques for psychological assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

    1973-01-01

    A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

  10. Idiographic Filters for Psychological Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesselroade, John R.; Gerstorf, Denis; Hardy, Sam A.; Ram, Nilam

    2007-01-01

    Ideally, the unit of analysis in psychology is the individual. However, many psychological methods do not cope well, either at the level of construct definition or at the level of measurement, with individuality in behavior. There is little leeway for constructs to be both idiosyncratically tailored to the individual, and still identified as…

  11. Integrating Social Justice and Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Roderick J.

    2004-01-01

    This article seeks to extend the model Goodman et al. advanced for making counseling psychology training more useful in the struggle for social justice. In addition to affirming the ideas of Goodman et al., this article offers some specific examples of how conventional, micro-level ideas in U.S. psychology can be scaled upward to be useful across…

  12. Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In the past 50 years forensic psychological practice has expanded dramatically. Because the practice of forensic psychology differs in important ways from more traditional practice areas (Monahan, 1980) the "Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists" were developed and published in 1991 (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic…

  13. Department: Psychology Course No: 133

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    : The overall goal of PSYC 133 is to introduce students to the "social science" perspective of psychological, students are encouraged to be skeptical of simplistic explanations (including those that exist in the media. Lowe Content Area: CA2-Social Sciences Catalog Copy: 133. General Psychology II Either semester. Three

  14. Psychology and Education, Together Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenfield, Sylvia

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between psychology and education has waxed and waned over the past century. In addition, a core issue for psychologists is how to bridge the gap between theory and practice in applied settings such as schools. While acknowledging the work that has been done, it is apparent that the effective dissemination of psychology to…

  15. Disconnecting Positive Psychology and OBM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyten, Cloyd

    2005-01-01

    This paper responds to the article by Wiegand and Geller which advocates broadening the content of OBM by assimilating content from non-behavioral psychologies. I argue that these psychologies have theories and aims so incompatible with OBM that no added value will be obtained by forming an interconnection. Specific problems with positive…

  16. How Old Is Scientific Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, John S.

    Scientific psychology did not begin with Fechner and Wundt in the 19th century; its roots actually stretch back to 18th century Germany. The only detailed account of this period was published by Max Dessoir more than 80 years ago. Dessoir identified some of the crucial figures in early psychology, including Wolff, Bonnet, Kruger, Hissman, and…

  17. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Angilletta, Michael

    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2015, Vol. 41(8) 1036­1052 © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc Reprints and permissions: sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0146167215588754 pspb.sagepub.com Article Choosing and attracting the right romantic partner are two of the most

  18. "Project Psychology": A Classroom Competition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleck, Bethany K. B.; Hussey, Heather D.

    2009-01-01

    The authors describe an original and unique series of classroom group-work activities organized as a competitive game called "Project Psychology," which was implemented in an Introduction to Psychology course. The project goals included increasing student participation, interest, content comprehension, and motivation. Fostering connections to…

  19. Historical understanding and teaching in professional psychology.

    PubMed

    Baker, David B

    2002-08-01

    The teaching of the history of psychology in professional psychology training programs presents to students and teachers any number of opportunities and challenges. The increasing number of professional psychologists teaching the history of psychology coupled with advances in historical scholarship point to an ongoing evolution in the teaching of the history of psychology. In this introduction to the articles that follow, issues of content and context in teaching the history of psychology in professional psychology are discussed and affirmations offered. PMID:12269332

  20. Considerations on self-psychology and eating disorders.

    PubMed

    Di Luzio, GianCarlo

    2015-12-01

    In this narrative review article, some considerations are reported on the psychoanalytic point of view of self-psychology on eating disorders in a multidisciplinary team approach, a theoretic and clinical perspective in which the Author recognizes himself. Some author's clinical ideas and concepts as "negative self", "eclipse of the self", "rebound syndrome", "bluff syndrome", "deficit of subjective attribution", related to the topic of the deficit of the Self, are exposed along with technical aspects, clinical material and references to the comparison of psychoanalysis with the EBM literature on psychotherapy of EDs and its contemporary role in an integrated multi-disciplinary treatment of these disorders. PMID:26376997

  1. Psychological screening program overview.

    PubMed

    Wright, Kathleen M; Huffman, Ann H; Adler, Amy B; Castro, Carl A

    2002-10-01

    This article reviews the literature on health surveillance conducted during military deployments, focusing on models for assessing the impact of operational deployments on peacekeepers. A discussion of the stressors and potential mental health consequences of peacekeeping operations follows with relevant examples of findings from U.S. and international military forces. Psychological screening in different peacekeeping operations conducted in U.S. Army-Europe is reviewed. The review begins with the redeployment screening of military personnel deployed to Bosnia mandated under the Joint Medical Surveillance Program, and continues through the present screening of units deployed to Kosovo. The detailed description of the screening program includes a discussion of procedures and measures and demonstrates the evolution of the program. A summary of key findings from the screening program and a discussion of future research directions are provided. PMID:12392255

  2. Psychologic effects of residency.

    PubMed

    Reuben, D B

    1983-03-01

    The intense situational and physiologic stresses that accompany postgraduate training may have serious psychosocial ramifications. Although only a small proportion of residents have overt psychiatric illness, virtually all display some psychologic impairment. Contributing factors include life-changes, stresses associated with providing patient care, loss of social support, long working hours, sleep deprivation, and underlying personality traits of residents. The manifestations of this impairment are variable and may be subtle. In response to these problems, residency programs have taken steps to provide psychosocial support. Unfortunately, most programs do not offer formal support groups or seminars to discuss difficulties that accompany residency. Further definition of the psychosocial effects of residency may prompt changes that make the training of physicians a more humane process. PMID:6828903

  3. Psychological Reasoning in Infancy.

    PubMed

    Baillargeon, Renée; Scott, Rose M; Bian, Lin

    2016-01-01

    Adults routinely make sense of others' actions by inferring the mental states that underlie these actions. Over the past two decades, developmental researchers have made significant advances in understanding the origins of this ability in infancy. This evidence indicates that when infants observe an agent act in a simple scene, they infer the agent's mental states and then use these mental states, together with a principle of rationality (and its corollaries of efficiency and consistency), to predict and interpret the agent's subsequent actions and to guide their own actions toward the agent. In this review, we first describe the initial demonstrations of infants' sensitivity to the efficiency and consistency principles. We then examine how infants identify novel entities as agents. Next, we summarize what is known about infants' ability to reason about agents' motivational, epistemic, and counterfactual states. Finally, we consider alternative interpretations of these findings and discuss the current controversy about the relation between implicit and explicit psychological reasoning. PMID:26393869

  4. College of Science CLINICAL SCIENCE AREA MANUAL

    E-print Network

    1 College of Science CLINICAL SCIENCE AREA MANUAL DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY VIRIGINIA TECH AY2015 Training 24 B. Clinical Science Area Committee 25 C. Graduate Student Representatives 25 D. Advisor 26 E for Continuation on to the Preliminary Examination 49 F. Plan of Study: Doctoral Degree 51 G. The Preliminary

  5. Counseling Health Psychology: Assessing Health Psychology Training within Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raque-Bogdan, Trisha L.; Torrey, Carrie L.; Lewis, Brian L.; Borges, Nicole J.

    2013-01-01

    Training directors of American Psychological Association-approved counseling psychology doctoral programs completed a questionnaire assessing (a) student and faculty involvement in health-related research, practice, and teaching; (b) health-related research conducted by students and faculty; and (c) programs' expectations and ability to…

  6. Fall, 2015 Psychology Depth Courses Psychology 501: Child Psychopathology (IC)

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    , including Intellectual Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder health. Students will be provided an extensive overview of the major psychological disorders of childhood, and Depressive and Anxiety Disorders. Lectures will incorporate interactive elements to cover topics

  7. Psychological complications of pediatric obesity.

    PubMed

    Vander Wal, Jillon S; Mitchell, Elisha R

    2011-12-01

    Psychological complications associated with pediatric obesity include low self-esteem, depression, body dissatisfaction, loss-of-control eating, unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors, impaired social relationships, obesity stigma, and decreased health-related quality of life. Bioecological models offer a framework for understanding the interaction between pediatric obesity and psychological complications and illustrate system-level approaches for prevention and intervention. As the medical setting is often the first point of contact for families, pediatricians are instrumental in the identification and referral of children with psychological complications. Motivational interviewing, patient talking points, brief screening measures, and referral resources are important tools in this process. PMID:22093858

  8. An Ecosystems and Vulnerable Populations Perspective on Solastalgia and Psychological Distress After a Wildfire.

    PubMed

    Eisenman, David; McCaffrey, Sarah; Donatello, Ian; Marshal, Grant

    2015-12-01

    We studied the relationship between psychological distress and relative resource and risk predictors, including loss of solace from the landscape (solastalgia), one year after the Wallow Fire, in Arizona, United States. Solastalgia refers to the distress caused by damage to the surrounding natural environment and it has not been examined for its relationship to psychological health. Doing so opens avenues of research that inquire into how land management might be able to support improved community resilience and psychological health outcomes after a wildfire. In 2012, we conducted a household survey mailed to all 1387 households in the five communities surrounding the fire. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale assessed psychological distress. In the multivariate analysis, higher solastalgia score and an adverse financial impact of the fire were associated with clinically significant psychological distress. Annual household income ? $80,000 and a higher family functioning score were associated with less psychological distress. Part-time residents were no more likely to have psychological distress than full-time residents. We conclude that dramatic transformation of a landscape by an environmental event such as a wildfire can reduce its value as a source of solace. These results call for novel post-wildfire community recovery interventions that wed forest management and community psychology. PMID:26302957

  9. Psychological Interventions with Refugees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butcher, James N.; And Others

    Psychotherapy is an alien concept to many refugees from traditional cultures, since much of psychotherapy is tied to Western thoughts, practices, and belief systems. However, a variety of therapeutic strategies can be effective with refugees if modified to account for cultural factors. Four clinical intervention strategies are discussed with…

  10. Unresolved Questions Concerning the Effectiveness of Psychological Assessment as a Therapeutic Intervention: Comment on Poston and Hanson (2010)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Garb, Howard N.; Wood, James M.

    2011-01-01

    In a recent article in this journal, Poston and Hanson (2010) reported a meta-analysis of 17 studies on the use of psychological assessment as a therapeutic intervention (PATI) and concluded that "psychological assessment procedures--when combined with personalized, collaborative, and highly involving test feedback--have positive, clinically

  11. A New Stress-Based Model of Political Extremism: Personal Exposure to Terrorism, Psychological Distress, and Exclusionist Political Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canetti-Nisim, Daphna; Halperin, Eran; Sharvit, Keren; Hobfoll, Stevan E.

    2009-01-01

    Does exposure to terrorism lead to hostility toward minorities? Drawing on theories from clinical and social psychology, we propose a stress-based model of political extremism in which psychological distress--which is largely overlooked in political scholarship--and threat perceptions mediate the relationship between exposure to terrorism and…

  12. The Psychological Impact on Incest on Its Victim: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tamura, Karin Ruth

    The literature on incest was reviewed with specific emphasis on the psychological impact that the incestuous relationship has on the female victim. The goals of the review were to identify the psychological impact of incest as supported by clinical observations and empirical research and to review literature on intervention strategies. These…

  13. Student Reviews of Selected Current Articles in Adolescent Psychology: Academics, Developmental Issues, Psychopathology, Sexual Behavior, Substance Abuse, and Suicide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillis, H. Lee, Ed.; Sirmans, Amanda, Ed.

    Critical annotations of articles written in 1988 or 1989 and selected from "PSYCHSCAN: Clinical Psychology" are presented in this document. The annotations were written by college students in an undergraduate adolescent psychology class. The annotations are clustered under the following topics: (1) academics, including learning disabilities, sleep…

  14. Psychological Issues in Sport Injury Rehabilitation: Current Knowledge and Practice

    PubMed Central

    Wagman, Dan; Khelifa, Maher

    1996-01-01

    Objective: The importance of addressing psychological issues in athletic injury rehabilitation has been recognized by the medical community. When and how to address psychological ramifications of injury, however, have not been given sufficient attention. Background: Various factors are associated with athletic injury: models of adjustment to athletic injury, a 10-point assessment inventory, and some techniques employed by sport psychologists to address psychological responses to injury will be discussed. Description: The purpose of this paper is to outline specific guidelines to follow when assessing athletes and counseling them following athletic injuries. By implementing these guidelines, the athletic trainer can: 1)establish trust and rapport, 2) become familiar with the athlete's perception of the injury, and 3) attempt to get the athlete to commit to treatment. Clinical Advantage: Often, athletes are treated for their physical complaints without giving attention to their psychological needs. These techniques can be used for athletes who have suffered an injury so that they may return safely both physically and psychologically to competition. PMID:16558410

  15. The Phenomenal Self, Strategic Self-Presentation, and Kohut's Self Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedlander, Myrna L

    The general purpose of this paper is to illustrate how social psychological perspectives on the self can enhance a clinical understanding of client problems and psychotherapy. This discussion, which bridges two highly divergent strands of literature, points out the value of complementing clinically derived theory with more rigorously researched…

  16. Proportionate Responses to Life Events Influence Clinicians' Judgments of Psychological Abnormality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Nancy S.; Paulus, Daniel J.; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S.; Khalife, Danielle

    2012-01-01

    Psychological abnormality is a fundamental concept in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and in all clinical evaluations. How do practicing clinical psychologists use the context of life events to judge the abnormality of a person's current behaviors? The appropriate…

  17. Mental Health Practitioners' Reflections on Psychological Work in Uganda: Exploring Perspectives from Different Professions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Jennifer; d'Ardenne, Patricia; Nsereko, James; Kasujja, Rosco; Baillie, Dave; Mpango, Richard; Birabwa, Harriet; Hunter, Elaine

    2014-01-01

    The Butabika-East London Link collaborated with Ugandan mental health services to train mental health professionals (psychiatric clinical officers, "PCOs", and clinical psychologists and psychiatrists, "Core Group") in psychological therapies. The aims of this research were to investigate how professionals were applying and…

  18. Psychology, Department of Faculty Publications, Department of

    E-print Network

    French, Jeffrey A.

    Psychology, Department of Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology University of Nebraska - Lincoln Year 2001 Introduction: Fear and Loathing of Evolutionary Psychology in the Social Sciences Daniel of Evolutionary Psychology in the Social Sciences Daniel W. Leger Alan C. Kamil University of

  19. A Brief History of International School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland, Thomas

    1993-01-01

    Traces a century of growth in international school psychology. Cites various conditions and events which fostered development of international school psychology and four international, regional, and national conferences that strongly impacted on school psychology. Describes creation of International School Psychology Committee in 1972 and efforts…

  20. Psychology with Management BSc (Hons) Key details

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    Psychology with Management BSc (Hons) Key details Duration: Full-time: 4 years Delivery type: Day% Psychology with 25% Business and Management modules. Psychology modules cover a range of core approaches to psychology as well as research design and analysis and applied specialist topics. The curriculum is based

  1. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W Course Title: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Division of the Department of Psychology, the faculty have used this "Current Topics" course to fulfill

  2. PSYCHOLOGY, B. A. (Fall 2015-Summer 2016)

    E-print Network

    Hamburger, Peter

    PSYCHOLOGY, B. A. (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency Requirements: ____ 32 credits at 200 level credits 300­400 level ____2.0 GPA Degree/Major/Gen Ed ____C- or above in Major/Gen Ed PSYCHOLOGY CORE in major. ______ 3 PSY 12000 Elementary Psychology ______ 3 PSY 14000 Critical Foundations for Psychology

  3. College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology

    E-print Network

    Zallen, Richard

    College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology Major Checksheet for Students Graduating Education (CLE) courses and the foreign language requirement, psychology majors are required to take 28 OF PSYCHOLOGY (6 hrs.): PSYC 2004-rntroductory Psychology (Prereq. for all other courses) PSYC 2094-Principles

  4. Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield

    E-print Network

    Hatfield, Gary

    Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield University of Pennsylvania Psychology as the study of mind States. This established psychology was in part a school discipline, conveyed in textbooks and lectures psychology was also an object of research and speculation by physicians and independent scholars. James Mill

  5. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W Course Title: Laboratory in Social Psychology ; PSYC 240 , and consent of instructor. Methods and techniques of research in social psychology psychology in order to be the best resources to the students, given the subject matter. #12;

  6. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W Course Title: Senior Thesis in Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Senior Thesis in Psychology. Either semester. ThreeW is an Honors course taken by Psychology majors in their last semester of study; the purpose

  7. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W Course Title: Abnormal Psychology Credits: 3 Criteria: 1. This course covers topics in abnormal psychology, including specific syndromes in several ways. First, the students must read relevant chapters of the Psychology Student Writer's Manual

  8. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W Course Title: Current Topics in Social Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: 241W. Current Topics in Social Psychology. Semester of bias, communication of prejudice, self-in social psychology, psychosocial aspects of the HIV epidemic

  9. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W Course Title: Social-Organizational Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: PSYC 282W. Social-Organizational Psychology. Either semester. Three credits. Prerequisite: PSYC 268 or PSYC 240. Barnes-Farell, Magley. Social psychological

  10. Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University

    E-print Network

    Berger, Ulrich

    #12;Title Subtitle Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University March 6, 2012 Title Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University #12;#12;Title Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea Psychology Department, Swansea University #12;Slide 6: Without title, with footline, with logo. Itemized One

  11. TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    1 TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012-2013 #12;2 TABLE #12;3 I. Introduction The Ph.D. program in Counseling Psychology in the Department of Psychology at Texas Tech University offers training in the professional practice of Psychology, more specifically

  12. Is Vygotsky Relevant? Vygotsky's Marxist Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Martin J.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the connections between Vygotsky's psychology and Marxism, arguing that his was a "Marxist psychology" in its "historical foundation": a specific conception of history. This conception of history is evident in Vygotsky's analysis and diagnosis of the crisis in psychology. The creation of a Marxist, general psychology was the…

  13. Psychology in the public service.

    PubMed

    Zimbardo, Philip G

    2002-01-01

    Philip G. Zimbardo outlines the challenges and opportunities he faces as the American Psychological Association's (APA's) 110th president. This article expands on remarks made in his introduction to Patrick H. DeLeon's presidential address at the APA's 2001 annual convention in San Francisco, California. Appearing now, mid-term in his presidency, that vision is a working blueprint of his activities and what he hopes to accomplish in his remaining tenure: enhancing psychologists' pride in psychology; developing more productive relationships with all media as gatekeepers to the public; publishing the standard high school psychology textbook; developing a compendium of all psychological research that illustrates how psychologists have made a significant difference in improving various aspects of the quality of life of individuals, groups, communities, and the United States; and encouraging greater unity of purpose and respect among psychologists across their many diverse domains and specialties. PMID:12094437

  14. Cognitive Psychology and Mathematical Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Brian

    1981-01-01

    This review illustrates aspects of cognitive psychology relevant to the understanding of how people think mathematically. Developments in memory research, artificial intelligence, visually mediated processes, and problem-solving research are discussed. (MP)

  15. [Mediation model in adolescent psychology].

    PubMed

    Deguitre, Marie; Pascal-Verdelhan, Chantal; Saez, Catherine; Calmels, Marie-Jeanne; Nesensohn, Jessica; Legras, Stéphanie; Paradis, Martine

    2014-01-01

    Body mediation is today used as a tool for establishing a relationship with a young person experiencing psychological suffering. It is particularly useful in adolescence, a period marked by the destabilisation of emotional and relational fields. PMID:24941629

  16. Psychological Development: Becoming a Person.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Patricia M.

    1999-01-01

    Explains classic theories of adult development (stage/phase and life events and transitions) as well as newer theories (women's psychological development, Kegan's theory of consciousness). Presents implications for adult learning. (SK)

  17. To Get Started: PSYCHOLOGY ONLINE

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Training Affirmative Action officer Community Organization Worker Probation Officer + Mental Health With a Major in Psychology? Counselor + Rehabilitation Worker Corrections Caseworker Behavioral Health Technician Psychiatric Social Worker + Psychotherapist+ Development Officer (fundraiser) Medical Case Worker

  18. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE AGENDA SCIENCE BRIEFS

    E-print Network

    , Carnegie Mellon University Marcel Adam Just is the D. O. Hebb Professor of Psychology and the Director Brain Imaging at Carnegie Mellon University. She earned her Ph.D. at the University of California, Davis

  19. Emotions in robot psychology.

    PubMed

    Nitsch, V; Popp, M

    2014-10-01

    In his famous thought experiments on synthetic vehicles, Valentino Braitenberg stipulated that simple stimulus-response reactions in an organism could evoke the appearance of complex behavior, which, to the unsuspecting human observer, may even appear to be driven by emotions such as fear, aggression, and even love (Braitenberg, Vehikel. Experimente mit künstlichen Wesen, Lit Verlag, 2004). In fact, humans appear to have a strong propensity to anthropomorphize, driven by our inherent desire for predictability that will quickly lead us to discern patterns, cause-and-effect relationships, and yes, emotions, in animated entities, be they natural or artificial. But might there be reasons, that we should intentionally "implement" emotions into artificial entities, such as robots? How would we proceed in creating robot emotions? And what, if any, are the ethical implications of creating "emotional" robots? The following article aims to shed some light on these questions with a multi-disciplinary review of recent empirical investigations into the various facets of emotions in robot psychology. PMID:24677038

  20. Psychological aspects of nuclear war

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, J.

    1985-01-01

    Exploring the nature of nuclear war, this treatise examines human reaction to nuclear disaster and accidental explosions. The discussion is based on evidence of human fallibility that has emerged from the psychology of accidents and from research into decision-making in military and political contexts. The book draws on the psychology of negotiation and conflict resolution to suggest ways in which the threat of nuclear war might be reduced.

  1. LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR Goal 1. Knowledge Base of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Bucci, David J.

    LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR Goal 1. Knowledge Base of Psychology Demonstrate in psychology. Learning Outcomes 1.1 Characterize the nature of psychology as a discipline. a. Identify and explain the primary objectives of psychology: describing, understanding, predicting, and controlling

  2. A philosophical essay on psychological rules and the rules of psychology

    E-print Network

    Amsterdam, University of

    Mind Rules A philosophical essay on psychological rules and the rules of psychology Ingmar Visser Wittgenstein and the building blocks of psychology 7 2.1 Reflexes and the roots of psychology and conclusion 39 Bibliography 43 1 #12; 2 #12; Chapter 1 Introduction Mind rules psychology. Throughout

  3. Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet?

    E-print Network

    Löwe, Benedikt

    Logic meets psychology 1 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? 27 September) tel. 020 - 525 4531 Universiteit van Amsterdam Core logic course #12;Logic meets psychology 2 Marian course #12;Logic meets psychology 3 Marian Counihan What happens when logic and psychology meet? Two

  4. Research Seminar for New Graduate Students in Psychological Sciences Psychology 300a (A&S)

    E-print Network

    Palmeri, Thomas

    department (Sharone Hall in Psychology and Human Development, Vay Welch in Psychology). Class Schedule: 8Research Seminar for New Graduate Students in Psychological Sciences Psychology 300a (A&S) Psychology and Human Development 3960P (GPC) Fall 2010 Instructors: Dan Levin Tom Palmeri 215B Hobbs 507

  5. Buddha philosophy and western psychology

    PubMed Central

    Aich, Tapas Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between “two of the most powerful forces” operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote ‘if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy’. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

  6. Psychological sequelae of acne vulgaris

    PubMed Central

    Magin, Parker; Adams, Jon; Heading, Gaynor; Pond, Dimity; Smith, Wayne

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the psychological sequelae of acne vulgaris. DESIGN Qualitative study using a grounded-theory approach. SETTING General practices and specialty dermatology practices in Newcastle, Australia. PARTICIPANTS Patients with current acne recruited from the practices. METHOD We used semistructured interviews and recorded participants’ comments verbatim. Data analysis was cumulative and concurrent throughout the data-collection period. Coding and analysis was done in the inductive tradition. MAIN FINDINGS Interviews were conducted with 26 subjects who represented a range of ages and acne severity. Psychological morbidity was considerable. Though participants had mood and anxiety symptoms, these symptoms tended to be subsyndromal and evanescent. More prominent symptoms were embarrassment, impaired self-image, low self-esteem, self-consciousness, frustration, and anger. Some subjects thought that acne had affected their personalities permanently and adversely. Psychological sequelae were attributed to the effects of facial acne on appearance. CONCLUSION The psychological effects of acne can be considerable. The psychological morbidity is complex and often does not conform to standard psychiatric disease criteria. Recognition and management of the psychological sequelae of acne by general practitioners is of considerable importance. PMID:17273501

  7. 'What's Psychology got to do with it?' Applying psychological theory to understanding failures in modern healthcare settings.

    PubMed

    Rydon-Grange, Michelle

    2015-11-01

    The National Health Service (NHS) has, for over four decades, been beset with numerous 'scandals' relating to poor patient care across several diverse clinical contexts. Ensuing inquiries proceed as though each scandal is unique, with recommendations highlighting the need for more staff training, a change of culture within the NHS based upon a 'duty of candour', and proposed criminal sanctions for employees believed to breach good patient care. However, mistakes reoccur and failings in patient safety continue. While inquiries describe what went awry in each case, questions of how and why such failures came to be remain unanswered. Psychology has a role in answering these questions. Applying psychological theory can guide an understanding of the causes that lead to catastrophic failures in healthcare settings. Indeed, what is often neglected in inquiries is the role of human behaviour in contributing to these failures. Drawing upon behavioural, social and cognitive theories, a psychological analysis of key factors, typically present in clinical contexts where serious failures of care occur, is presented. Applying theory and models from the field of psychology can guide further understanding of the precipitants to poor care. PMID:26401049

  8. Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Publications Scientific Research Planning Scientific Resources Research Clinical Trials & Clinical Research Skip sharing on social media links ... behavior or samples of their tissue. A clinical trial is one type of clinical research that follows ...

  9. Making Psychology a Science: A Discourse Analysis upon the history of psychology within introductory psychology textbooks 

    E-print Network

    Mowat, Emma

    2013-07-02

    scientific status to retain its cultural authority, and the lack of a clear demarcation between science and other forms of knowledge producing activities, there is a need to understand better how psychological knowledge came to be seen as scientific...

  10. Effects of Cognitive–Behavioral Conjoint Therapy for PTSD on Partners’ Psychological Functioning

    PubMed Central

    Shnaider, Philippe; Pukay-Martin, Nicole D.; Fredman, Steffany J.; Macdonald, Alexandra; Monson, Candice M.

    2015-01-01

    A number of studies have documented that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in “one” partner are negatively associated with their intimate partner’s psychological functioning. The present study investigated intimate partners’ mental health outcomes (i.e., depression, anxiety, and anger) in a sample of 40 partners of individuals with PTSD within a randomized waitlist controlled trial of cognitive–behavioral conjoint therapy for PTSD (Monson & Fredman, 2012). There were no significant differences between active treatment and waitlist in intimate partners’ psychological functioning at posttreatment. Subgroup analyses, however, of partners exhibiting clinical levels of distress at pretreatment on several measures showed reliable and clinically significant improvements in their psychological functioning at posttreatment and no evidence of worsening. Results suggest that cognitive–behavioral conjoint therapy for PTSD may have additional benefits for partners presenting with psychological distress. PMID:24706354

  11. Clinical Judgement in Context: A Review of Situational Factors in Person Perception during Clinical Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Tony

    1985-01-01

    Argues that the basic psychological processes involved in clinical judgment can be compared with those involved in everyday social judgment. Summarizes evidence on the sophistication and complexity of clinical judgment and on the likely impact on it of several factors. (Author/RH)

  12. Accreditation Stimuli and Evaluation Responses in a Clinical Training Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, David; And Others

    Assessment and evaluation skills are significant goals of clinical training, yet many clinical and counseling students lack personal experiences with applied program evaluation. Clinical psychology graduate students responded to successive impending accreditation visits by conducting in-house evaluations. Students in 1977 (N=38) and 1980 (N=35)…

  13. Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Paul S

    2007-01-01

    Francis Bacon offers two accounts of the nature and function of the human mind: one is a medical-physical account of the composition and operation of spirits specific to human beings, the other is a behavioral account of the character and activities of individual persons. The medical-physical account is a run-of-the-mill version of the late Renaissance model of elemental constituents and humoral temperaments. The other, less well-known, behavioral account represents an unusual position in early modern philosophy. This theory espouses a form of behavioral psychology according to which (a) supposed mental properties are "hidden forms" best described in dispositional terms, (b) the true character of an individual can be discovered in his observable behavior, and (c) an "informed" understanding of these properties permits the prediction and control of human behavior. Both of Bacon's theories of human nature fall under his general notion of systematic science: his medical-physical theory of vital spirits is theoretical natural philosophy and his behavioral theory of disposition and expression is operative natural philosophy. Because natural philosophy as a whole is "the inquiry of causes and the production of effects," knowledge of human nature falls under the same two-part definition. It is an inquisition of forms that pertains to the patterns of minute motions in the vital spirits and the production of effects that pertains both to the way these hidden motions produce behavioral effects and to the way in which a skillful agent is able to produce desired effects in other persons' behavior. PMID:17623872

  14. [Psychological containment put to the test by a crisis].

    PubMed

    Grison-Curinier, Juliete; Limongi, Marc; Bocoum, Amadou

    2014-01-01

    In the first-time admission unit, psychological containment is based essentially on receivingthe patient in crisis. While the management of the crisis is inseparable from containment, the drawing up of the patient's history, centred on observation, transfer and the clinical aspect, is a key stage in the patient's care. In an institution, the nursing team will, through its creativity, invent the care, seeking a possible alliance. PMID:25562911

  15. [Guidelines for psychology activities in cardiologic rehabilitation and prevention].

    PubMed

    2003-09-01

    The purpose of these guidelines is to provide specific recommendations in regard to psychological activities in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Based on scientific evidence and clinical experience, the present guidelines are targeted for psychologists working in the field of cardiac rehabilitation and for the core component of CR, as well as for the health care providers, insurers, policy makers and consumers. In the introduction, the framework of Italian cardiac rehabilitation and psychology as well as the methodology used are defined, in accordance with the recommendations of the National Guidelines Programme of the Italian Health Ministry. The first section illustrates the educational training and structural requirements necessary for psychologists intending to work in cardiac rehabilitation, and provides a summary of the principal models of organization. Section two describes the sequence of psychological activities based on the different phases of the process of care. The chapters devoted to selection and admission of cardiac patients define the clinical conditions for which patients should be referred to the psychologist and describe the models for the first "patient-psychologist" contact. The chapter dedicated to evaluation, which aims to identify the care needs of the patient describes the instruments available to the psychologist (interview, screening tests, clinical assessment tests, quality-of-life tests) and the areas of investigation in cardiac diseases patients. The chapter on intervention analyses the different tools including educational interventions, counselling, stress management and psychotherapy evidenced by the literature and common to the different cardiac pathologies. In the chapter on follow-up, are described tools for evaluation of patient satisfaction and for planning long-term care. Section three describes the psychological characterization and the specificity of psychological interventions in different cardiac patients populations: patients with ischemic heart disease, patients after cardiac surgery, patients with chronic heart failure, patients after heart transplantation, patients with chronic peripheral artery disease, patients with pace-maker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator, high risk patients for cardiovascular disease, over 75 years of age and finally end-stage cardiac patients. The last section describes the processes of programme evaluation, audit and patient feedback as the main instruments recommended for continuous improvement of quality of psychological care in cardiac rehabilitation. The appendices contain a flow-chart describing the course of psychological interventions, a summary of recommendations for each cardiac condition and a glossary. PMID:14650816

  16. Measuring psychological development with the Rorschach.

    PubMed

    Stanfill, Michael L; Viglione, Donald J; Resende, Ana Cristina

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop and to provide an initial validation of a Rorschach index measuring developmental progress and growth. The Developmental Index (DI) was created in a 3-step, sequential strategy with adult and child data in which we (a) selected potential DI variables from quantitative research literature and from data available to us, (b) identified an optimal group of DI variables and created the DI equation using an independent nonpatient sample, and (c) provided an initial cross-validation of the DI using an independent clinical sample. Age and age rank categorization groups from normative data associated with the Wechsler intelligence scales (Wechsler, 2003, 2008) and contrasts between adults and children served as criteria for development. These samples include a large amount of data from a diverse international subject pool using the Comprehensive System of the Rorschach. Interim validity checks were undertaken to ensure the analytic strategy was sound. The DI includes 12 variables with individual weights determined by regression analysis. The initial independent cross-validation of the DI with a clinical sample revealed that it discriminated well between children and adults. Thus, initial support for this scale as a measure of psychological development across cultures and geography was established, but future research is needed. Clinical implications and specific research needs are presented. PMID:23171197

  17. Guidelines for psychological practice with older adults.

    PubMed

    2014-01-01

    The "Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Older Adults" are intended to assist psychologists in evaluating their own readiness for working with older adults and in seeking and using appropriate education and training to increase their knowledge, skills, and experience relevant to this area of practice. The specific goals of these professional practice guidelines are to provide practitioners with (a) a frame of reference for engaging in clinical work with older adults and (b) basic information and further references in the areas of attitudes, general aspects of aging, clinical issues, assessment, intervention, consultation, professional issues, and continuing education and training relative to work with this group. The guidelines recognize and appreciate that there are numerous methods and pathways whereby psychologists may gain expertise and/or seek training in working with older adults. This document is designed to offer recommendations on those areas of awareness, knowledge, and clinical skills considered as applicable to this work, rather than prescribing specific training methods to be followed. The guidelines also recognize that some psychologists will specialize in the provision of services to older adults and may therefore seek more extensive training consistent with practicing within the formally recognized specialty of Professional Geropsychology (APA, 2010c). PMID:24446841

  18. Psychological & Brain Sciences Strategic Plan, 2014-2015 Page 1 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Psychological & Brain Sciences Strategic Plan, 2014-2015 Page 1 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences Strategic Planning 2014 ­ 2015 Part 1: Where Faculty in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences (PBS) engage in cutting-edge scientific

  19. Psychology 345: Chicano Psychology Wednesday 4:00 6:40 pm, Room ENS 291

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    ROOM) ParScore Scantron * Denotes other material to be presented in class Course Objectives: Psychology______________________________________________________________________________ Psychology 345: Chicano Psychology FALL 2008 Wednesday 4:00 ­ 6:40 pm, Room ENS 291

  20. Impact of psychological stress on irritable bowel syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Qin, Hong-Yan; Cheng, Chung-Wah; Tang, Xu-Dong; Bian, Zhao-Xiang

    2014-01-01

    Psychological stress is an important factor for the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). More and more clinical and experimental evidence showed that IBS is a combination of irritable bowel and irritable brain. In the present review we discuss the potential role of psychological stress in the pathogenesis of IBS and provide comprehensive approaches in clinical treatment. Evidence from clinical and experimental studies showed that psychological stresses have marked impact on intestinal sensitivity, motility, secretion and permeability, and the underlying mechanism has a close correlation with mucosal immune activation, alterations in central nervous system, peripheral neurons and gastrointestinal microbiota. Stress-induced alterations in neuro-endocrine-immune pathways acts on the gut-brain axis and microbiota-gut-brain axis, and cause symptom flare-ups or exaggeration in IBS. IBS is a stress-sensitive disorder, therefore, the treatment of IBS should focus on managing stress and stress-induced responses. Now, non-pharmacological approaches and pharmacological strategies that target on stress-related alterations, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, miscellaneous agents, 5-HT synthesis inhibitors, selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors, and specific 5-HT receptor antagonists or agonists have shown a critical role in IBS management. A integrative approach for IBS management is a necessary. PMID:25339801

  1. Measuring psychological flexibility in medical students and residents: a psychometric analysis

    PubMed Central

    Palladino, Christie L.; Ange, Brittany; Richardson, Deborah S.; Casillas, Rhonda; Decker, Matt; Gillies, Ralph A.; House, Amy; Rollock, Michael; Salazar, William H.; Waller, Jennifer L.; Zeidan, Ronnie; Stepleman, Lara

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Psychological flexibility involves mindful awareness of our thoughts and feelings without allowing them to prohibit acting consistently with our values and may have important implications for patient-centered clinical care. Although psychological flexibility appears quite relevant to the training and development of health care providers, prior research has not evaluated measures of psychological flexibility in medical learners. Therefore, we investigated the validity of our learners’ responses to three measures related to psychological flexibility. Methods Fourth-year medical students and residents (n=275) completed three measures of overlapping aspects of psychological flexibility: (1) Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II); (2) Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ); and (3) Mindful Attention and Awareness Questionnaire (MAAS). We evaluated five aspects of construct validity: content, response process, internal structure, relationship with other variables, and consequences. Results We found good internal consistency for responses on the AAQ (?=0.93), MAAS (?=0.92), and CFQ (?=0.95). Factor analyses demonstrated a reasonable fit to previously published factor structures. As expected, scores on all three measures were moderately correlated with one another and with a measure of life satisfaction (p<0.01). Conclusion Our findings provide preliminary evidence supporting validity of the psychological flexibility construct in a medical education sample. As psychological flexibility is a central concept underlying self-awareness, this work may have important implications for clinical training and practice. PMID:23948496

  2. Psychological factors associated with weight loss maintenance: theory-driven practice for nurse practitioners.

    PubMed

    Valek, Rebecca M; Greenwald, Beverly J; Lewis, Carolyn C

    2015-04-01

    The authors discuss the psychological factors associated with weight loss maintenance and the use of Pender's health promotion model as a guide for the construction of clinical interventions to address these factors. The psychological factors include internal drive for weight maintenance, ongoing self-monitoring, long-term flexibility, positive mood and emotions, appropriate goals, and management of external stimuli. Nurse practitioners can help combat obesity trends through caring for patients in a holistic manner. Periodic psychological needs-assessments for patients who desire to maintain weight loss may further promote long-term success in weight management. PMID:25805385

  3. Psychological stress associated with cardiogenetic conditions

    PubMed Central

    Hidayatallah, Nadia; Silverstein, Louise B; Stolerman, Marina; McDonald, Thomas; Walsh, Christine A; Paljevic, Esma; Cohen, Lilian L; Marion, Robert W; Wasserman, David; Hreyo, Sarah; Dolan, Siobhan M

    2014-01-01

    Aim Genetic testing now makes it possible to identify specific mutations that may lead to life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. This article presents data from a qualitative research study that explored the subjective experiences of individuals and families with cardiogenetic conditions. We focus on describing patients’ experiences of psychological stresses associated with having a cardiogenetic condition, illustrating the importance of integrating psychological and medical care. This integration of care is particularly important as personalized genomic medicine continues to evolve and the implications of genetic testing have a profound effect on individuals and families. Methods The researchers interviewed 50 participants from 32 families. The research team used a systematic, grounded theory procedure to code and analyze interview and focus group transcripts, incorporating multiple coders at several stages of the data analysis process. Results Three major themes emerged: a bereavement trajectory associated with sudden death in the absence of prior symptoms; high anxiety about transmitting a genetic mutation; and resilience reflected in positive lifestyle changes and participation in support groups. Conclusion This article identifies patient perspectives on personalized genomic medicine in cardiogenetics that can improve clinical care, including: specialized bereavement counseling; improving education about cardiogenetic conditions for medical professionals; parent guidelines for discussing cardiogenetic conditions with their children; information about support groups; and the routine inclusion of clinical psychologists in interdisciplinary treatment teams. Given recent advances in technology and decreasing costs, whole-genome sequencing is likely to become common practice in the near future. Therefore, these recommendations are likely to be relevant for other genetic conditions, as well as the entire field of personalized genomic medicine. PMID:25431604

  4. Psychological harm after PANE: NEPA's requirement to consider psychological damage

    SciTech Connect

    Jordan, W.S. III

    1984-01-01

    In Metropolitan Edison Co. v. People Against Nuclear Energy (PANE), the Supreme Court held that the National Environmental Policy Act does not require the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to consider the probable impact of its actions on psychological health. The Court's opinion, however, supports the conclusion that NEPA generally requires federal agencies to consider such probable impacts. This article examines the scope of federal responsibility following this decision. It delineates the causal relationship test that the Court adopted in PANE, and discusses possible obstacles to the consideration of psychological impacts under NEPA. It divides federal actions into four categories, then considers the benefits and burdens of the ruling using the NRC's responsibility to consider psychological health effects before licensing new nuclear reactors. 221 references.

  5. [Clinico-psychological features of mild forms of reactive states].

    PubMed

    Shostakovich, B V; Svirinovski?, Ia E; Sobchik, L N; Kharitonova, N K; Gusakova, Z S

    1985-01-01

    Using clinical and psychological methods, 56 patients with psychogenically induced non-psychotic affective states were examined. In relation to the clinical picture and the dominating affect, the following variants of the mild forms of reactive states were identified: anxiety-depressive, depressive-hypochondriac, astheno-depressive and pseudomanic. The specific features of the structure of the above syndromes are described. The utilization of the data obtained will contribute to the early diagnosis of psychogenic affective disturbances and also to preventing the development of serious psychogenic conditions. PMID:4002950

  6. Psychological symptoms among 2032 youth living with HIV: a multisite study.

    PubMed

    Brown, Larry K; Whiteley, Laura; Harper, Gary W; Nichols, Sharon; Nieves, Amethys

    2015-04-01

    This study determined the prevalence and patterns of psychological symptoms in adolescents and young adults living with HIV (YLWH) in medical care and relationships between psychological symptoms, route and duration of infection, and antiretroviral treatment (ART). A clinic-based sample of 2032 YLWH (mean age 20.3 years), recruited from 20 adolescent medicine HIV clinics, completed a cross-sectional survey of health behaviors and psychological symptoms using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Overall, 17.5% of youth reported psychological symptoms greater than the normative threshold on the Global Severity Index. A wide variety of symptoms were reported. The prevalence of clinical symptoms was significantly greater in youth with behaviorally acquired HIV compared to those with perinatally acquired infection (20.6% vs. 10.8%, OR=2.06 in Multiple Logistic Regression (MLR)), and in those not taking ART that had been prescribed (29. 2% vs. 18.8%, OR=1.68 in MLR). Knowing one's HIV status for more than one year and disclosure of HIV status were not associated with fewer symptoms. A large proportion of YLWH have psychological symptoms and the prevalence is greatest among those with behaviorally acquired infection. The high rate of psychological symptoms for youth not taking ART that is prescribed is a cause for concern. Symptoms do not appear to be a transient reaction to diagnosis of HIV. PMID:25585049

  7. Inflammatory Genes and Psychological Factors Predict Induced Shoulder Pain Phenotype

    PubMed Central

    George, Steven Z.; Parr, Jeffrey J.; Wallace, Margaret R.; Wu, Samuel S.; Borsa, Paul A.; Dai, Yunfeng; Fillingim, Roger B.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The pain experience has multiple influences but little is known about how specific biological and psychological factors interact to influence pain responses. The current study investigated the combined influences of genetic (pro-inflammatory) and psychological factors on several pre-clinical shoulder pain phenotypes. Methods An exercise-induced shoulder injury model was used, and a priori selected genetic (IL1B, TNF/LTA region, IL6 single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs) and psychological (anxiety, depressive symptoms, pain catastrophizing, fear of pain, kinesiophobia) factors were included as the predictors of interest. The phenotypes were pain intensity (5-day average and peak reported on numerical rating scale), upper-extremity disability (5-day average and peak reported on the QuickDASH instrument), and duration of shoulder pain (in days). Results After controlling for age, sex, and race, the genetic and psychological predictors were entered separately as main effects and interaction terms in regression models for each pain phenotype. Results from the recruited cohort (n = 190) indicated strong statistical evidence for the interactions between 1) TNF/LTA SNP rs2229094 and depressive symptoms for average pain intensity and duration and 2) IL1B two-SNP diplotype and kinesiophobia for average shoulder pain intensity. Moderate statistical evidence for prediction of additional shoulder pain phenotypes included interactions of kinesiophobia, fear of pain, or depressive symptoms with TNF/LTA rs2229094 and IL1B. Conclusion These findings support the combined predictive ability of specific genetic and psychological factors for shoulder pain phenotypes by revealing novel combinations that may merit further investigation in clinical cohorts, to determine their involvement in the transition from acute to chronic pain conditions. PMID:24598699

  8. E-Psychology: Consumers' Attitude

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordanova, Malina; Vasileva, Lidia; Rasheva, Maximka; Bojinova, Rumiana

    Securing psychological supervision, consultations and help during long lasting flights is vital condition for success. That's why, knowing in details consumers (clients) attitude toward virtual psychology services is essential. Knowledge gained during nowadays studies on Earth will definitely help in the preparation for the future. The presentation focuses on results of a longitudinal survey assessing clients' attitudes toward e-psychology service. The first part of the survey was performed in spring 2006, while the second - in 2008. The study is part of an ongoing project OHN 1514/2005, funded by National Science Fund, Bulgaria. Project's strategic goal is to develop and offer a virtual high quality psychological service to people from remotes areas that have no contact with licensed psychologist. The project enables experts to communicate directly with clients and perform remote consultations, supervision, etc. The objective of this presentation is to report changes and trends in clients' attitude towards innovative virtual psychology care. Both parts of the survey involved men and women between 19 and 70 year, who defend various opinions on the application of virtual technologies for healthcare. The sample is stratifies for age, gender, education level.

  9. Reformulating Psychological Difficulties in People with Parkinson's Disease: The Potential of a Social Relational Approach to Disablism

    PubMed Central

    Simpson, Jane; McMillan, Helen

    2013-01-01

    Research investigating the psychological difficulties experienced by people with Parkinson's disease (PD) is dominated by individualistic neurobiological and psychological perspectives. Therefore, this opinion paper draws on a reformulation of the social model of disability, Thomas' (1999) and (2007) social relational approach to disablism, to offer an alternative way of conceptualising psychological difficulties experienced by people with PD. This opinion paper explores the ways in which socially imposed restrictions and stigma may contribute to psychological difficulties by using Thomas' (2007) concept of psychoemotional disablism. By using the lens of psychoemotional disablism, this paper demonstrates that people with PD can be exposed to stigmatising attitudes and interactions which could contribute to restrictions, feelings of shame, and psychological difficulties such as depression. Accordingly, it is argued that further attention to the link between psychological difficulties and social dimensions of disablism in PD is needed in both research arenas and clinical practice to broaden understandings and interventions for people with PD. PMID:24000316

  10. Master of Science in Applied Psychology Graduate Student Handbook

    E-print Network

    Master of Science in Applied Psychology Graduate Student Handbook 2014-2015 ©2014 Arizona State;2 Contents Applied Psychology Program Description...................................................................................................................... 8 Completing a Thesis in Applied Psychology

  11. Developments in Clinical Neuropsychology: Implications for School Psychological Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleary, Michael J.; Scott, Albert J.

    2011-01-01

    Background: According to the 2000 Report of the Surgeon General's Conference on Children's Mental Health, a significant percentage of children and adolescents have emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to merit a mental health diagnosis. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act…

  12. Intelligent Testing: Integrating Psychological Theory and Clinical Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, James C., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The field of intelligence testing has been revolutionized by Alan S. Kaufman. He developed the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) with David Wechsler, and his best-selling book, Intelligent Testing with the WISC-R, introduced the phrase "intelligent testing." Kaufman, with his wife, Nadeen, then created his own series of…

  13. Virtual Reality: An Experiential Tool for Clinical Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riva, Giuseppe

    2009-01-01

    Several Virtual Reality (VR) applications for the understanding, assessment and treatment of mental health problems have been developed in the last 15 years. Typically, in VR the patient learns to manipulate problematic situations related to his/her problem. In fact, VR can be described as an advanced form of human-computer interface that is able…

  14. Clinical Trials

    MedlinePLUS

    Clinical Trials Check out We Search Together , a searchable database that connects qualified study participants to researchers ... Brochure (PDF) Learn more about participating in reseach Clinical Trials A clinical trial is a study to ...

  15. CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Assessment of the health status of animals through measurement of cellular, biochemical, and macromolecular constituents in blood, secretions, and excretions has been variously referred to as clinical chemistry, clinical biochemistry, or clinical pathology. he genesis of this dis...

  16. The psychology of suicide terrorism.

    PubMed

    Post, Jerrold M; Ali, Farhana; Henderson, Schuyler W; Shanfield, Steven; Victoroff, Jeff; Weine, Stevan

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews current understandings of the psychology of suicide terrorism for psychiatrists and other mental health professionals to help them better understand this terrifying phenomenon. After discussing key concepts and definitions, the paper reviews both group and individual models for explaining the development of suicide terrorists, with an emphasis on "collective identity." Stressing the importance of social psychology, it emphasizes the "normality" and absence of individual psychopathology of the suicide bombers. It will discuss the broad range of terrorisms, but will particularly emphasize terrorism associated with militant Islam. The article emphasizes that comprehending suicide terrorism requires a multidisciplinary approach that includes anthropological, economic, historical, and political factors as well as psychological ones. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for research, policy, and prevention, reviewing the manner in which social psychiatric knowledge and understandings applied to this phenomenon in an interdisciplinary framework can assist in developing approaches to counter this deadly strategy. PMID:19366292

  17. The Council of Psychological Advisers.

    PubMed

    Sunstein, Cass R

    2016-01-01

    Findings in behavioral science, including psychology, have influenced policies and reforms in many nations. Choice architecture can affect outcomes even if material incentives are not involved. In some contexts, default rules, simplification, and social norms have had even larger effects than significant economic incentives. Psychological research is helping to inform initiatives in savings, finance, highway safety, consumer protection, energy, climate change, obesity, education, poverty, development, crime, corruption, health, and the environment. No nation has yet created a council of psychological advisers, but the role of behavioral research in policy domains is likely to grow in the coming years, especially in light of the mounting interest in promoting ease and simplification ("navigability"); in increasing effectiveness, economic growth, and competitiveness; and in providing low-cost, choice-preserving approaches. PMID:26393867

  18. Manned Mars mission psychological issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Santy, Patricia A.

    1986-01-01

    The research on isolated environments over the last thirty years suggests that psychological factors associated with such environments will lead to negative changes in individual and group performance. A mission to Mars will be the greatest undertaking ever devised by the human species. The members of such a mission will be in an environment whose potential dangers are not even completely known at this time. The psychological factors generated by such an environment, and which might adversely affect accomplishment of mission goals, can be minimized or planned for in advance. It is hoped that these issues will not be ignored in planning for this great adventure.

  19. Color psychology: a critical review.

    PubMed

    Whitfield, T W; Wiltshire, T J

    1990-11-01

    A review of the field commonly referred to as color psychology poses a number of organizational problems stemming from the size and diversity of the literature, the range of issues investigated, and the different degrees of experimental rigor exercised. As a selective approach is both inevitable and desirable, the focus of this review is on those laboratory studies involving an "evaluative" response to color patches or chips. Numerically, this research represents the main body of work in color psychology and in experimental aesthetics generally. PMID:2289687

  20. Displaced Children: The Psychological Implications.

    PubMed

    Joshi, Paramjit T; Fayyad, John A

    2015-10-01

    Millions of people across the world have been displaced or live in exile and/or as refugees largely as a consequence of wars, acts of terrorism, and catastrophic natural disasters. There are serious psychological consequences as a result of these extremely difficult life circumstances. Adults often can express their needs and have them be heard, whereas children are unable to do so. The children may be provided food, shelter, and clothing and have their medical needs attended to, but their emotional and psychological needs go unrecognized and unmet, with dire and monumental long-term consequences. PMID:26346385

  1. Metric qualities of the cognitive behavioral assessment for outcome evaluation to estimate psychological treatment effects

    PubMed Central

    Bertolotti, Giorgio; Michielin, Paolo; Vidotto, Giulio; Sanavio, Ezio; Bottesi, Gioia; Bettinardi, Ornella; Zotti, Anna Maria

    2015-01-01

    Background Cognitive behavioral assessment for outcome evaluation was developed to evaluate psychological treatment interventions, especially for counseling and psychotherapy. It is made up of 80 items and five scales: anxiety, well-being, perception of positive change, depression, and psychological distress. The aim of the study was to present the metric qualities and to show validity and reliability of the five constructs of the questionnaire both in nonclinical and clinical subjects. Methods Four steps were completed to assess reliability and factor structure: criterion-related and concurrent validity, responsiveness, and convergent–divergent validity. A nonclinical group of 269 subjects was enrolled, as was a clinical group comprising 168 adults undergoing psychotherapy and psychological counseling provided by the Italian public health service. Results Cronbach’s alphas were between 0.80 and 0.91 for the clinical sample and between 0.74 and 0.91 in the nonclinical one. We observed an excellent structural validity for the five interrelated dimensions. The clinical group showed higher scores in the anxiety, depression, and psychological distress scales, as well as lower scores in well-being and perception of positive change scales than those observed in the nonclinical group. Responsiveness was large for the anxiety, well-being, and depression scales; the psychological distress and perception of positive change scales showed a moderate effect. Conclusion The questionnaire showed excellent psychometric properties, thus demonstrating that the questionnaire is a good evaluative instrument, with which to assess pre- and post-treatment outcomes. PMID:26442466

  2. Diversity Competence for Psychological Practitioners: Eliminating Disparities in Psychological Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2004

    2004-01-01

    To help pursue its objective of enhancing the focus of licensed psychologists on matters related to human diversity, the California Board or Psychology decided to establish a work group. This report summarizes the process used by and the accomplishments of the group. Six appendices include: (1) Work Group Members; (2) Some Guiding Resources;…

  3. Coverage of Russian psychological contributions in American psychology textbooks.

    PubMed

    Aleksandrova-Howell, Maria; Abramson, Charles I; Craig, David Philip Arthur

    2012-01-01

    Internationalizing psychology is an important component of current globalization trends. American textbooks on the history of psychology and introductory psychology were surveyed for the presence of historical and contemporary important Russian psychologists to assess the current status of Russian-American crossfertilization. Of a list of 97 important Russian psychologists, as determined by the editors of the Russian journal Methodology and History in Psychology, less than 22% are mentioned in the reviewed texts. The most common names were Pavlov, Luria, and Vygotsky. As the internet is arguably the single most important factor affecting the increase of international communication and dissemination of knowledge, we also searched for these 97 names on various websites, most notably Wikipedia and Google. Forty-one internet sites contained some amount of biographical information about Russian psychologists. On Wikipedia, 14 Russian psychologists had articles documenting biographical information. We also developed a rubric to determine the amount of information available on the internet for these psychologists and compared Wikipedia's mean score with various other websites. Wikipedia pages on average had a significantly higher score than the rest of the internet. Recommendations to improve Russian coverage in America are provided and include: (1) developing pages on Wikipedia and other virtual venues highlighting Russian contributions, (2) soliciting articles for US journals from Russian psychologists, and (3) incorporating Russian contributions in introductory and historical textbooks. We provide a partial bibliography of Russian contributions that can be used by authors of such textbooks. We would like to thank Dr Viktor Fedorovich Petrenko and Dr Igor Nikolaevich Karitsky from the journal Methodology and History of Psychology for supplying the names of the Russian psychologists. We would also like to express our appreciation to Robert García for reviewing and editing an earlier version of this manuscript. PMID:22047002

  4. A Psychological Study on Culture and Cognition

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    of tackling the global issues such as water shortage and global warming caused by CO2, my research focuses Professor Graduate School of Humanities Social Psychology, Cultural Psychology Management of Workplace

  5. Office of Student Counseling Psychology Doctoral Intern

    E-print Network

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Office of Student Counseling Psychology Doctoral Intern Founded in 1861, The Pingry School with freshman addressing issues regarding transitions, stress prevention, emotional health, coping and bullying staff. · Group supervision with other doctoral psychology interns will be provided through the weekly

  6. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 210W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 210W Course Title: Lab in Cognition Credits: 3 Contact in these experiments, the writing assignments provide a richer and fuller of the nature of psychological inquiry

  7. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 244W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 244W Course Title: Laboratory in Personality Credits: 3 Psychological Association. The total report is at least 15 pages in length. The final report is the primary

  8. Handbook of clinical nursing practice

    SciTech Connect

    Asheervath, J.; Blevins, D.R.

    1986-01-01

    Written in outline format, this reference will help nurses further their understanding of advanced nursing procedures. Information is provided on the physiological, psychological, environmental, and safety considerations of nursing activities associated with diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Special consideration is given to the areas of pediatric nursing, nursing assessment, and selected radiologic and nuclear medicine procedures for each system. Contents: Clinical Introduction. Clinical Nursing Practice: Focus on Basics. Focus on Cardiovascular Function. Focus on Respiratory Function. Focus on Gastrointestinal Function. Focus on Renal and Genito-Urological Function. Focus on Neuro-Skeletal and Muscular Function. Appendices.

  9. Bion's ego psychology: implications for an intersubjective view of psychic structure.

    PubMed

    Brown, Lawrence J

    2009-01-01

    Of all Freud's writings, Bion was most deeply influenced by "Formulations on the Two Principles of Mental Functioning" (1911), and the author asserts that much of Bion's major theoretical thinking may be seen as an elaboration of this paper. Bion's introduction of the concept of alpha function, which "may be regarded as a structure" (Bion 1962, p. 26), constitutes what the author calls "Bion's ego psychology". A clinical implication of Bion's ego psychology is a focus upon the unconscious interaction between the analyst's and the patient's communicating alpha functions. Clinical material from the analysis of an adolescent is offered to illustrate the author's points. PMID:19334645

  10. Cognitive and psychological functioning in Fabry disease.

    PubMed

    Sigmundsdottir, Linda; Tchan, Michel C; Knopman, Alex A; Menzies, Graham C; Batchelor, Jennifer; Sillence, David O

    2014-11-01

    Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder which can result in renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular disease. Patients are at increased risk of stroke and neuroimaging studies note cerebrovascular pathology. This study provides a cognitive profile of a cohort of individuals with Fabry disease and investigates the impact of pain, age, renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular functioning on cognition and psychological functioning. Seventeen Fabry patients (12 males) with ages ranging 25 to 60 years (M = 46.6+11.8), and 15 age-matched healthy controls (M = 46.2+12.7) were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Fabry males demonstrated slower speed of information processing, reduced performance on measures of executive functions (verbal generation, reasoning, problem solving, perseveration), were more likely to show clinically significant reductions, and were more likely to report symptoms of anxiety and depression. Conversely, Fabry females performed at a similar level to controls. Correlational analyses indicated a link between cognitive and clinical measures of disease severity. PMID:25319043

  11. Cognitive and Psychological Functioning in Fabry Disease

    PubMed Central

    Sigmundsdottir, Linda; Tchan, Michel C.; Knopman, Alex A.; Menzies, Graham C.; Batchelor, Jennifer; Sillence, David O.

    2014-01-01

    Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder which can result in renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular disease. Patients are at increased risk of stroke and neuroimaging studies note cerebrovascular pathology. This study provides a cognitive profile of a cohort of individuals with Fabry disease and investigates the impact of pain, age, renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular functioning on cognition and psychological functioning. Seventeen Fabry patients (12 males) with ages ranging 25 to 60 years (M = 46.6+11.8), and 15 age-matched healthy controls (M = 46.2+12.7) were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Fabry males demonstrated slower speed of information processing, reduced performance on measures of executive functions (verbal generation, reasoning, problem solving, perseveration), were more likely to show clinically significant reductions, and were more likely to report symptoms of anxiety and depression. Conversely, Fabry females performed at a similar level to controls. Correlational analyses indicated a link between cognitive and clinical measures of disease severity. PMID:25319043

  12. Revised: 9/16/14 COMBINED MAJOR BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    Revised: 9/16/14 COMBINED MAJOR BIOLOGY/PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION FORM (To be submitted with your i ____________________ 5. Biology 75, 110, 115, 116, or 134 ________________________________ II. Five Psychology courses 1. Psychology 31 __________________ 2. Psychology 32 _____________________ (or Bio 132) __________________ 3

  13. Nineteenth-Century Psychology and the Teaching of Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, William F.

    1985-01-01

    Explores some features of early psychology that are implicit in early methods of writing instruction. Includes varieties of early psychology, the Scottish Commonsense philosophy, Alexander Bain's associationist psychology, William James's functionalist psychology, and composition teaching after 1900. (HTH)

  14. Feminist Contributions to Health Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travis, Cheryl Brown; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A brief review of the history of health psychology reveals that many key developments in the field reflect essentially feminist principals. Feminist concerns for inclusiveness and equity influence national health policies in the following areas: (1) violence; (2) acquired immune deficiency syndrome; and (3) policy and planning. (SLD)

  15. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  16. Psychological Connectedness and Intertemporal Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartels, Daniel M.; Rips, Lance J.

    2010-01-01

    People tend to attach less value to a good if they know a delay will occur before they obtain it. For example, people value receiving $100 dollars tomorrow more than receiving $100 in 10 years. We explore one reason for this tendency (due to Derek Parfit, 1984): In terms of psychological properties, such as beliefs, values, and goals, the decision…

  17. Transpersonal: The New Educational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford

    1974-01-01

    Transpersonal psychology deals with altered states of consciousness, man's impluse to higher states of being, psychic phenomena, biofeedback, and voluntary control of internal states. Argues that it will lead to new educational understandings and practices. Discusses some of those practices and understandings. (Author/JF)

  18. Psychological Correlates of Unwanted Pregnancy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rader, Gordon E.; And Others

    This study explored several psychological factors previously cited for inadequate contraceptive practice. The following hypotheses were examined: Women who have an undesired pregnancy (1) are inclined toward taking risks as a general personality style; (2) are inclined to rely on denial and related defenses as a general response pattern; (3) are…

  19. Statistical Methods in Psychology Journals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willkinson, Leland

    1999-01-01

    Proposes guidelines for revising the American Psychological Association (APA) publication manual or other APA materials to clarify the application of statistics in research reports. The guidelines are intended to induce authors and editors to recognize the thoughtless application of statistical methods. Contains 54 references. (SLD)

  20. Comparative Psychology: An Epigenetic Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Gary

    1987-01-01

    A comparative psychology course oriented around the themes of phylogeny and ontogeny is described. The course emphasizes the evolution and development of behavioral processes and includes a discussion of the concept of integrative levels and Schneirla's approach/withdrawal theory. The course evaluates genetic determinism and stresses the principle…

  1. Adolescent Psychology around the World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This book paints a portrait of adolescent psychology in 4 major regions: Africa/the Middle East, Asia, the Americas, and Europe. Featuring 24 revised and updated chapters from the "International Encyclopedia of Adolescence" (2007), readers are introduced to the way the majority of the world's adolescents actually live. Most contributors are…

  2. Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

    2010-01-01

    Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

  3. Perfectionism, Procrastination, and Psychological Distress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Kenneth G.; Richardson, Clarissa M. E.; Clark, Dustin

    2012-01-01

    Using a cross-panel design and data from 2 successive cohorts of college students ( N = 357), we examined the stability of maladaptive perfectionism, procrastination, and psychological distress across 3 time points within a college semester. Each construct was substantially stable over time, with procrastination being especially stable. We also…

  4. Psychological Connectedness and Intertemporal Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartels, Daniel M.; Rips, Lance J.

    2010-01-01

    People tend to attach less value to a good if they know a delay will occur before they obtain it. For example, people value receiving $100 tomorrow more than receiving $100 in 10 years. We explored one reason for this tendency (due to Parfit, 1984): In terms of psychological properties, such as beliefs, values, and goals, the decision maker is…

  5. Psychological Barriers to Behavior Change

    PubMed Central

    Olson, James M.

    1992-01-01

    Adopting a healthy lifestyle often requires changing patterns of behavior. This article describes three categories of psychological barriers to behavior change: those that prevent the admission of a problem, those that interfere with initial attempts to change behavior, and those that make long-term change difficult. Strategies are identified that family physicians can use to overcome the barriers. PMID:21221258

  6. INSERVICE EDUCATION--PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ASHER, JAMES J.

    THIS REPORT SUMMARIZES AND EVALUATES LITERATURE AND RESEARCH DEALING WITH THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SETTINGS FOR BEHAVIORAL CHANGE WITH RELEVANCE FOR INSERVICE TEACHER EDUCATION. IT WAS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A BASIS FOR DECISION MAKING BY THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF OF THE FAR WEST LABORATORY IN BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA. IT CONTAINS SECTIONS DEALING WITH (1) THE…

  7. Psychological effects of polar expeditions.

    PubMed

    Palinkas, Lawrence A; Suedfeld, Peter

    2008-01-12

    Polar expeditions include treks and stays at summer camps or year-round research stations. People on such expeditions generally undergo psychological changes resulting from exposure to long periods of isolation and confinement, and the extreme physical environment. Symptoms include disturbed sleep, impaired cognitive ability, negative affect, and interpersonal tension and conflict. Seasonal occurrence of these symptoms suggests the existence of three overlapping syndromes: the winter-over syndrome, the polar T3 syndrome, and subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder. About 5% of people on expeditions meet DSM-IV or ICD criteria for psychiatric disorders. However, they also experience positive or so-called salutogenic outcomes resulting from successfully coping with stress and enhanced self-sufficiency, improved health, and personal growth. Prevention of pathogenic psychological outcomes is best accomplished by psychological and psychiatric screening procedures to select out unsuitable candidates, and by providing access to psychological support, including telephone counselling. Promotion of salutogenic experiences is best accomplished by screening for suitable personality traits, and training participants in individual coping strategies, group interaction, and team leadership. PMID:17655924

  8. The Community Psychology Evaluation Nexus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheldon, Jeffrey A.; Wolfe, Susan M.

    2015-01-01

    In 2012, the American Evaluation Association (AEA) added community psychology (CP) to its roster of topical interests groups (TIG). One of the highlights of the CP TIG program at the 2012 AEA Conference and the genesis of this "American Journal of Evaluation" Forum was a panel of accomplished community psychologists and evaluation…

  9. Jazzing up the Psychological Contract

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, Nell Tabor

    2010-01-01

    Helping students and practitioners to understand and utilize the Psychological Contract is often a difficult task. Unlike fault-finding research, this paper presents the PC as a positive, vibrant and valuable tool. In an effort to make the concept less elusive, the paper draws upon the metaphor of jazz. The metaphor is an accepted tool of…

  10. Handbook of Asian American Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lee C., Ed.; Zane, Nolan W. S., Ed.

    This handbook integrates descriptions and evaluations of current psychological research on all ethnic subgroups of Asian Americans, providing insights into the diverse and varied nature of Asian American cultures. Following a Foreword by Dick Suinn, the chapters are: (1) "An Overview" (Lee C. Lee); (2) "Research Methods: The Construct Validity of…

  11. Psychological Factors in Wilderness Rescue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogilvie, Bruce C.

    This presentation provides wilderness rescue workers with an overview of the psychological reactions of victims of accidents and natural disasters and suggested responses for rescuers and caregivers. A personal account of rescue and death in a drowning accident illustrates how the rescuer can also be traumatized by such an incident and may suffer…

  12. Psychological Dynamics of Adolescent Satanism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moriarty, Anthony R.; Story, Donald W.

    1990-01-01

    Attempts to describe the psychological processes that predispose an individual to adopt a Satanic belief system. Describes processes in terms of child-parent relationships and the developmental tasks of adolescence. Proposes a model called the web of psychic tension to represent the process of Satanic cult adoption. Describes techniques for…

  13. BIological Psychology, Exercise, and Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dishman, Rod K.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews theory and methods used by the field of biological psychology to study stress that have potential for understanding how behavioral and biological adaptations to the stress of exercise are integrated. The overview focuses on anxiety, depression, and physiological responsiveness to nonexercise stressors from the perspective of biological…

  14. Psychological Research on Human Aggressiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamburg, D. A.; Brodie, H. K. H.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses research relating to the effects of hormones, neurophysiology, and the environment on animal and human aggression. Indicates that the interactions of biological, psychological and social processes in the development of human aggressiveness should constitute one of the principal frontiers for science in the next two decades. (JR)

  15. Psychology Needs Realism, Not Instrumentalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haig, Brian D.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author presents his comments on "Realism, Instrumentalism, and Scientific Symbiosis: Psychological Theory as a Search for Truth and the Discovery of Solutions" by John T. Cacioppo, Gun R. Semin and Gary G. Berntson. In the original article, the authors recommended the combined use of the philosophies of scientific realism and…

  16. Emotional Reactivity and Psychological Distress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartle-Haring, Suzanne; Rosen, Karen H.; Stith, Sandra M.

    2002-01-01

    This article reports on an empirical test of Bowen's hypothesized relationships between differentiation of self and psychological symptoms, and examines further evidence for the construct validity of a newly developed instrument, the Behavioral and Emotional Reactivity Index (BERI). Finds an indirect relationship between emotional reactivity…

  17. Teaching Psychology: The Political Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, John

    2008-01-01

    In this commentary, the author raises two critical aspects not adequately addressed in John Radford's (2008) wide ranging article on the teaching of psychology in higher education. The first aspect is the relevance of boundaries. The second aspect is the political context(s). These two issues, though artificially dissociated for current purposes,…

  18. Psychological Treatment of Eating Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, G. Terence; Grilo, Carlos M.; Vitousek, Kelly M.

    2007-01-01

    Significant progress has been achieved in the development and evaluation of evidence-based psychological treatments for eating disorders over the past 25 years. Cognitive behavioral therapy is currently the treatment of choice for bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder, and existing evidence supports the use of a specific form of family therapy…

  19. Implementation Science and School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forman, Susan G.; Shapiro, Edward S.; Codding, Robin S.; Gonzales, Jorge E.; Reddy, Linda A.; Rosenfield, Sylvia A.; Sanetti, Lisa M. H.; Stoiber, Karen C.

    2013-01-01

    The APA Division 16 Working Group on Translating Science to Practice contends that implementation science is essential to the process of translating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into the unique context of the schools, and that increasing attention to implementation will lead to the improvement of school psychological services and school…

  20. Evolutionary Psychology and False Confession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bering, Jesse M.; Shackelford, Todd K.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents comments on Kassin's review, (see record 2005-03019-002) of the psychology of false confessions. The authors note that Kassin's review makes a compelling argument for the need for legal reform in police interrogation practices. Because his work strikes at the heart of the American criminal justice system--its fairness--the…