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1

US Coast Guard differential GPS network  

SciTech Connect

In order to aid navigation and to prevent disasters such as oil spills, collisions, and wrecks of vessels and aircraft, the US Coast Guard is charged with establishing, maintaining, and operating electronic aids to navigation. In a technological advance developed and operated by the Department of Defense, the global positioning system (GPS) provides all-weather global coverage, 24 hours/day at unprecedented accuracies. GPS provides standard positioning service (SPS) and precise positioning service (PPS). By applying differential techniques to GPS, navigational accuracies of better than 10 meters can be achieved. For the first time, an all-weather system is possible to meet all the marine navigator's needs including harbor and harbor approach navigation. This should revolutionize navigation safety and efficiency, surveying operations, search and rescue operations, and underwater mine disposal efficiency and safety.

Alsip, D.H.; Butler, J.M.; Radice, J.T.

1993-03-01

2

Coast Guard  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that about 16,000 oil spills involving the release of more than 46 million gallons of oil took place in U.S. navigable waters in 1988; spills at water-front facilities, where vessels load and unload oil, accounted for about half of the oil spilled. While the Coast Guard acknowledges its responsibility for regulating and inspecting waterfront facilities, it efforts in this area have fallen short because it has not been inspecting portions of intrafacility pipes that transport oil between docks and storage tanks. Water pollution and noncompliance with federal oil pollution prevention regulations continue to be high at waterfront facilities. Yet the Coast Guard cannot determine how effective its inspection program has been in reducing the risk of oil spills because information on program results, such as the types, severity, and frequency of deficiencies found by inspectors, is not compiled an linked with information on the causes of oil spills found by investigators. Until the Coast Guard collects this type of information, it will not be in a position to establish measurable goals.

Not Available

1991-06-01

3

Coast Guard Firefighting Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the U.S. Coast Guard are jointly developing a lightweight, helicopter-transportable, completely self-contained firefighting module for combating shipboard and dockside fires. The project draws upon NASA technology in high-capacity rocket engine pumps, lightweight materials and compact packaging.

1977-01-01

4

Introduction to the U.S. Coast Guard Differential GPS Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background information is given explaining the need to broadcast differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) corrections to mariners. Results from a DGPS experiment carried out by the US Coast Guard (USCG) over the last three years are then discussed. In this experiment, differential corrections were modulated onto the signal from an existing maritime radiobeacon. The experiment proved that DGPS could provide the additional accuracy required for harbor and harbor approach navigation. As a result of this experiment the USCG is implementing a program to provide DGPS coverage to US harbors and harbor approaches. The authors discuss how this program will be implemented and the improvements to GPS accuracy and integrity that it will provide to mariners.

Hartberger, Albert W., II; Alsip, Douglas H.

5

Systems Engineering of Coast Guard Aviator Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a total-program application of the systems engineering concept of the U.S. Coast Guard aviation training programs. The systems approach used treats all aspects of the training to produce the most cost-effective integration of academic, synthetic, and flight training for the production of graduate Coast Guard aviators. The…

Hall, Eugene R.; Caro, Paul W.

6

The Coast Guard Comes to Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on Sea Partners, by the United States Coast Guard, that enables students to understand how pollution affects the marine environment. Correlates the activities with the National Science Education Standards. (DDR)

Fawcett, Paul

2002-01-01

7

Coast Guard AHLTA Technology Business Case Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Coast Guard must deliver AHLTA to its clinics, either through direct connection to military treatment facilities (MTFs), making the clinics satellite clinics, or through developing their own servers at the Operational Service Center (OSC) complex in M...

M. R. Freese

2007-01-01

8

Analysis of the Coast Guard Enlisted Attrition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this this thesis, survival analysis is used to study US Coast Guard enlisted attrition behavior in terms of individual personnel characteristics such as sex, marital status, race, paygrade and rating. Results obtained based on 8 years of historical dat...

L. E. Rubiano

1993-01-01

9

Coast Guard's Response to Spilled Oil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coast Guard utilizes a number of monitoring detectors, sensors, and techniques to find, recover and identify oil spills. Discussed in this article are in-situ and airborne sensors, systems developed to provide clean-up capability such as air deployable anti-pollution transfer system (ADAPTS), and techniques which will determine the source of a…

Ard, R. W., Jr.

1976-01-01

10

33 CFR 173.35 - Coast Guard validation sticker.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Coast Guard validation sticker. 173.35 Section 173...Numbering § 173.35 Coast Guard validation sticker. No person may operate...by the Coast Guard unless it has the validation sticker issued with the...

2013-07-01

11

46 CFR 50.10-25 - Coast Guard Symbol.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Coast Guard Symbol. 50.10-25 Section 50.10-25 Shipping...This Subchapter § 50.10-25 Coast Guard Symbol. (a) The term Coast Guard Symbol means that impression stamped on...

2013-10-01

12

33 CFR 125.12 - Period of validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards. 125.12 Section 125...Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES...of validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards. (a) The Coast...

2013-07-01

13

33 CFR 23.20 - Coast Guard commission pennant.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Coast Guard commission pennant. The Coast Guard commission pennant shall have the union part composed of thirteen blue stars in a horizontal line on a white field, one-fourth the length of the pennant; the remaining three-fourths shall...

2013-07-01

14

46 CFR 107.117 - Coast Guard addresses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a) For approval by Commandant (CG-CVC)âAttn: Office of Commercial Vessel Compliance, U.S. Coast Guard...For approval by Commandant (CG-ENG)âAttn: Office of Design and Engineering Systems, U.S. Coast Guard...

2013-10-01

15

75 FR 23212 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard proposes to amend 33 CFR Part...1334 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot...within this security zone, contact United States Coast Guard Sector Seattle Joint Harbor...

2010-05-03

16

15. GENERAL VEW FROM SOUTHWEST SHOWING BLUFF, COAST GUARD'S HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. GENERAL VEW FROM SOUTHWEST SHOWING BLUFF, COAST GUARD'S HOUSE, WARDEN'S HOUSE AND RUBBLE IN FOREGROUND - Alcatraz, Cell House, Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

17

PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD  

EPA Science Inventory

This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. n evaluation was conducted on four different cleaners ...

18

Improving Shipboard Supply Management in the Coast Guard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of supply management policy has historically been centralized at Coast Guard Headquarters but technical direction and execution have been decentralized. The three inventory control points receive technical direction from the Headquarter's ...

G. L. Slyman A. J. Colaianni M. J. Sakowski D. Frank

1987-01-01

19

29 CFR Appendix B to Subpart B of... - Reprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced in Subpart B, for Determination of Coast Guard...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced...Appendix B to Subpart B of Part 1915âReprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced...Persons This appendix provides a complete reprint of U.S. Coast Guard regulations...

2010-07-01

20

29 CFR Appendix B to Subpart B of... - Reprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced in Subpart B, for Determination of Coast Guard...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Reprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced...Appendix B to Subpart B of Part 1915âReprint of U.S. Coast Guard Regulations Referenced...Persons This appendix provides a complete reprint of U.S. Coast Guard regulations...

2009-07-01

21

77 FR 37318 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort Walton Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard...Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Sound of Independence event in the Santa Rosa...

2012-06-21

22

33 CFR 100.906 - Grand Haven Coast Guard Festival Waterski Show, Grand Haven, MI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...100.906 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.906 Grand Haven Coast Guard Festival Waterski Show, Grand Haven, MI. (a)...

2013-07-01

23

Improved Inventory Models for the United States Coast Guard Requirements Determination Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Requirements determination is the process by which the Coast Guard supply system forecasts future customer demands and sets levels of inventory to satisfy those demands. Currently, the Coast Guard is in the process of modernizing its inventory-management ...

G. L. Slyman D. L. Zimmerman

1993-01-01

24

33 CFR 165.100 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01... Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District...Section 165.100 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-07-01

25

19 CFR 12.85 - Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards...CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Safety Standards for Boats and Associated Equipment § 12.85 Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety...

2010-04-01

26

19 CFR 12.85 - Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards...CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Safety Standards for Boats and Associated Equipment § 12.85 Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety...

2009-04-01

27

77 FR 14703 - Safety Zone, Temporary Change for Recurring Fireworks Display Within the Fifth Coast Guard...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Display Within the Fifth Coast Guard District, Pamlico River and Tar River; Washington, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...restrict vessel traffic in a portion of the Pamlico River and Tar River near Washington, NC, during the...

2012-03-13

28

76 FR 13508 - Ninth Coast Guard District Sector Realignment; Northern Lake Michigan and Lake Huron  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ninth Coast Guard District Sector Realignment; Northern Lake Michigan and Lake Huron AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final Rule...reflect the realignment of boundaries shared among Sector Lake Michigan, Sector Detroit, and Sector Sault Ste....

2011-03-14

29

United States Coast Guard Emergency Underwater Escape Rebreather Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) Emergency Underwater Escape Rebreather (UER) was evaluated at the Navy Experimental Diving Unit. Physiologic testing in the dry laboratory, monitoring breath-to-breath O2 and CO2 levels, delineated the factors used in ...

C. G. Gray E. O. Thalmann R. Syklawer

1981-01-01

30

US COAST GUARD/EPA EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM JURISDICTIONAL BOUNDARY  

EPA Science Inventory

This line coverage represents the United States Coast Guard(USCG)/Environmental Protection Agency, Region 9 Geographic/Jurisdictional Boundary located in California. The boundary was determined from the text description provided in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region...

31

Seakeeping Characteristics of a United States Coast Guard Buoy Tender.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seakeeping experiments conducted with a model of a United States Coast Guard Buoy tender are described, and the results thereof are presented. It is shown that the in-transit performance of the buoy tender will be limited by deck wetness. It is further sh...

N. K. Bales

1975-01-01

32

Photocopy of measured drawing (from First Coast Guard District Office, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of measured drawing (from First Coast Guard District Office, John F. Kennedy Federal Building, Government Center, Boston, Massachusetts) designed by Edward P. Adams and Royal Luther, 1890 "PLAN FOR FRAMED DOUBLE DWELLING AT PORTLAND HEAD, ME., LIGHT STATION" - Portland Head Light, Portland Head, approximately 1/2 mile East of Shore Road, Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, ME

33

U.S. Coast Guard cutter personnel on Sweetbriar train their fire ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

U.S. Coast Guard cutter personnel on Sweetbriar train their fire hoses on a burning pleasure boat in an Alaskan harbor. A U.S. Coast Guard rigid-hull inflatable helps with the fire-fighting effort - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter SWEETBRIER, Cordova, Valdez-Cordova Census Area, AK

34

33 CFR 165.100 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District. 165.100 Section...Navigation Areas and Limited Access Areas First Coast Guard District § 165.100 Regulated...Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District. (a)...

2010-07-01

35

33 CFR 165.100 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District. 165.100 Section...Navigation Areas and Limited Access Areas First Coast Guard District § 165.100 Regulated...Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District. (a)...

2009-07-01

36

78 FR 35756 - Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. USCG-2013-0398] Special Local Regulations; Recurring...in the Seventh Coast Guard District AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...accordance with previously issued special local regulations, vessels...Coast Guard will enforce the special local regulations for the...

2013-06-14

37

78 FR 34886 - Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. USCG-2013-0213] Special Local Regulations; Recurring...in the Seventh Coast Guard District AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...the enforcement period, the special local regulation establishes...Coast Guard will enforce the special local regulation for the...

2013-06-11

38

76 FR 25548 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Use of Force Training Exercises, San Pablo Bay, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zone; Coast Guard Use of Force Training Exercises, San Pablo Bay, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard...for Coast Guard Use of Force Training exercises. This safety zone will be established...and/or helicopters taking part in the exercise. Unauthorized persons or vessels...

2011-05-05

39

Coast Guard has new tool to counter tanker oil spills  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new system, now in the final stages of development, to remove the oil cargo from a damaged tanker may well be critical for use in averting a major pollution incident. The Coast Guard-developed system basically involves the air-drop of pumping equipment and huge collapsible plastic bags next to a stricken tanker. The oil cargo is transferred to the 500-ton-capacity

1970-01-01

40

United States Coast Guard recycling guide. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the United States Coast Guard (CG) is committed to a pollution prevention program that will improve the quality of the environment. A key element of this program is the minimization of municipal, industrial, and hazardous waste being generated at CG facilities nationwide. Recycling of wastes serves to reduce disposal costs and minimize adverse effects on the environment. This document gives guidance to personnel responsible for establishing CG recycling programs.

NONE

1996-07-01

41

78 FR 37963 - Safety Zone; Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Display Cape Fear River; Wilmington, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guard District Fireworks Display Cape Fear River; Wilmington, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard...event, held adjacent to the Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. The fireworks...vessel traffic in a portion of the Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina,...

2013-06-25

42

77 FR 31803 - Safety Zone for Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Display Currituck Sound; Corolla, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guard District Fireworks Display Currituck Sound; Corolla, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...event, held adjacent to the Currituck Sound, Corolla, North Carolina. The fireworks...vessel traffic in a portion of the Currituck Sound, Corolla, NC, during the event....

2012-05-30

43

77 FR 59083 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, Washington AGENCY: Coast...in a Coast Guard Ready for Operations exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place...safety of the maritime public during the exercise and will do so by prohibiting any...

2012-09-26

44

Pharmacy officer support of U.S. Coast Guard cutters.  

PubMed

U.S. Public Health Service commissioned officers serve in 16 pharmacy billets with the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG). Thirteen of these billets involve serving as points of contact for, and providing logistical, materiel, and educational support to, USCG cutters. USCG instructions have solidified the role of pharmacy officers in the support of USCG afloat units. This article describes one USCG pharmacy officer's experience in providing pharmacy service support to USCG cutters based in Alameda, California, Yerba Buena Island (San Francisco), California, and Honolulu, Hawaii. PMID:11143434

Huntzinger, P E

2000-11-01

45

33 CFR 100.501 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Fifth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Fifth Coast Guard...HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.501 Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Fifth Coast...

2009-07-01

46

Coast Guard: Station Readiness Improving, but Resource Challenges and Management Concerns Remain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years, the Coast Guard has conducted search and rescue operations from its network of stations along the nations coasts and waterways. In 2001, reviews of station operations found that station readiness the ability to execute mission requirements in k...

2005-01-01

47

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1987, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) formally requested that the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) take responsibility for providing an office that would respond to nonmilitary user needs for GPS information, data, and assistance. DOT accepted this responsibility and in February 1989, named the Coast Guard as their lead agency for the project. Since that time, the U.S. Coast Guard has worked with the U.S. Space Command to develop requirements and implement a plan for providing the requested interface with the civil GPS community. The Civil GPS Service (CGS) consists of four main elements: GPS Information Center (GPSIC) - provides GPS status information to civilian users of the system: Civil GPS Service Interface Committee (CGSIC) - established to identify civil GPS user technical information needs in support of the CGS program; Differential GPS (DGPS) - Coast Guard Research and Development Project; and PPS Program Office (PPSPO) - (Under development) will administer the program allowing qualified civil users to have access to the PPS signal. Details about the services these organizations provide are described.

1993-01-01

48

Evaluation of fuel-cell technology for Coast Guard applications. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent proposals and the literature show promise of fuel cells being commercially available in the next decade. We searched the literature to determine the current state of fuel-cell technology, to determine if fuel cells can be used by the U.S. Coast Guard, and to make proposals for possible research and development efforts by the Coast Guard. Alkaline and phosphoric acid

Barrett

1988-01-01

49

78 FR 55214 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement...O.R.T.) boat races to be held on the Neches River in Orange, TX from 3 p.m. on September 20, 2013, through 6...

2013-09-10

50

77 FR 47519 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Sabine River; Orange, TX AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement...Regulations for the S.P.O.R.T. Power Boat Neches River in Orange, TX from 3 p.m. on September 21, 2012, through 6...

2012-08-09

51

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress. Updated July 24, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Coast Guard s FY2013 budget initiated a new project for the design and construction of a new polar icebreaker. The Coast Guard s proposed FY2013 budget requested $8 million in FY2013 acquisition funding to initiate survey and design activities for the...

R. O'Rourke

2013-01-01

52

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress. Updated September 29, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coast Guard polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The Coast Guard's two heavy polar icebreakers-Polar Star and Polar Sea-have exceeded their intended 30-year service lives. The Polar Star is not operat...

R. O'Rourke

2010-01-01

53

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress. Updated July 2, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coast Guard polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The Coast Guard's two heavy polar icebreakers-Polar Star and Polar Sea-have exceeded their intended 30-year service lives. The Polar Star is not operat...

R. O'Rourke

2010-01-01

54

Coast Guard: Observations on the Preparation, Response, and Recovery Missions Related to Hurricane Katrina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hurricane Katrina was one of the largest natural disasters in our nation's history. Significant federal, state, and local resources were mobilized to respond to the Hurricane Katrina disaster, including those of the U.S. Coast Guard. The Coast Guard playe...

2006-01-01

55

US Coast Guard lightweight fire-fighting module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The U.S. Coast Guard Fire-fighting Module developed for the purpose of fighting fires in harbors and on ships is described. The module can be lifted by a dockside crane or helicopter and placed on the deck of a patrol boat or cutter for transportation to the scene of the fire. At the fire the module can be set up and put in operation by a crew of two in approximately fifteen minutes. Once in operation the module will deliver water to two fire nozzles at a pressure of 150 psi and a flow rate of 2000 gpm. Sufficient fuel is carried in the module for three hours of continuous operation. A record of the development of the fire fighting module is also presented.

1980-01-01

56

U.S. Coast Guard Cuban Mass Emigration Operations Planning. Does It Meet the Tenets of Operational Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Does Coast Guard strategic level planning for Cuban Mass Emigration Emergency Operations adequately meet the tenets of Operational Design proposed by the Naval War College. A step by step comparison of the Commander, Coast Guard Atlantic Area strategic le...

B. P. Smith

1997-01-01

57

76 FR 28795 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security United States Coast Guard-024 Auxiliary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Coast Guard-024 Auxiliary Database System of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office...United States Coast Guard-024 Auxiliary Database (AUXDATA) System of Records.'' This...titled, ``DHS/USCG-024 Auxiliary Database (AUXDATA) System of...

2011-05-18

58

76 FR 52266 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Detroit River, Ambassador Bridge to the Western Tip of Belle Isle  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Detroit River, Ambassador Bridge to...Detroit River during the Coast Guard Exercise. This safety zone is necessary to protect...hazards associated with this Coast Guard exercise. DATES: This rule is effective...

2011-08-22

59

76 FR 49494 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security United States Coast Guard DHS/USCG-027...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Coast Guard DHS/USCG-027 Recruiting Files System of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office...United States Coast Guard-027 Recruiting Files System of Records.'' This system of...United States Coast Guard-027 Recruiting Files System of Records.'' This record...

2011-08-10

60

Mortality among shipyard Coast Guard workers: a retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background The mortality experience of 4702 (4413 men and 289 women) civilian workers in a US Coast Guard shipyard was evaluated. Methods All workers employed at the shipyard between 1 January 1950 and 31 December 1964 were included in the study and were followed through 31 December 2001 for vital status. Detailed shipyard and lifetime work histories found in the shipyard personnel records and job descriptions were evaluated. Workers were classified as likely exposed to any potential hazardous substances. In addition, 20 job groups were created on likely similar exposures. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated based on the general population of the state and adjusted for age, calendar period, sex and race. Results The follow?up was successful for 93.3% of the workers. Among all men employed in the shipyard, there was an excess of mortality from all causes of death (SMR 1.08; 95% CI 1.04 to 1.12), respiratory cancers (SMR 1.29; 95% CI 1.15 to 1.43), lung cancer (SMR 1.26; 95% CI 1.12 to 1.41), mesothelioma (SMR 5.07; 95% CI 1.85 to 11.03) and emphysema (SMR 1.44; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.99) and a decrease for cardiovascular diseases (OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.90 to 1.00), vascular lesions of the central nervous system (SMR 0.80; 95% CI 0.67 to 0.96), cirrhosis of the liver (SMR 0.38; 95% CI 0.25 to 0.57) and external causes of death (SMR 0.55; 95% CI 0.44 to 0.68). A similar pattern was observed for the men classified as exposed. No increasing trend of mortality was found with duration of employment in the shipyard, with the exception of mesothelioma (SMRs of 4.23 and 6.27 for <10 years and ?10 years, respectively). In occupations with at least three cases and with an SMR of ?1.3, the authors observed a significantly elevated mortality for lung cancer among machinists (SMR 1.60; 95% CI 1.08 to 2.29) and shipfitters, welders and cutters (SMR 1.34; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.65) and for oral and nasopharyngeal cancers among wood workers (SMR 6.20; 95% CI 2.27 to 13.50). Conclusion Employment in this Coast Guard shipyard revealed a small but significant excess mortality from all causes, lung cancer and mesothelioma, most of which is probably related to asbestos exposure.

Krstev, S; Stewart, P; Rusiecki, J; Blair, A

2007-01-01

61

Mortality among United States Coast Guard marine inspectors.  

PubMed

Work history records and fitness reports were obtained for 1,767 marine inspectors of the U.S. Coast Guard between 1942 and 1970 and for a comparison group of 1,914 officers who had never been marine inspectors. Potential exposure to chemicals was assessed by one of the authors (RP), who is knowledgeable about marine inspection duties. Marine inspectors and noninspectors had a deficit in overall mortality compared to that expected from the general U.S. population (standardized mortality ratios [SMRs = 79 and 63, respectively]). Deficits occurred for most major causes of death, including infectious and parasitic diseases, digestive and urinary systems, and accidents. Marine inspectors had excesses of cirrhosis of the liver (SMR = 136) and motor vehicle accidents (SMR = 107), and cancers of the lymphatic and hematopoietic system (SMR = 157), whereas noninspectors had deficits for these causes of death. Comparison of mortality rates directly adjusted to the age distribution of the inspectors and noninspectors combined also demonstrated that mortality for these causes of death was greater among inspectors than noninspectors (directly adjusted ratio ratios of 190, 145, and 198) for cirrhosis of the liver, motor vehicle accidents, and lymphatic and hematopoietic system cancer, respectively. The SMRs rose with increasing probability of exposure to chemicals for motor vehicle accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, and leukemia, which suggests that contact with chemicals during inspection of merchant vessels may be involved in the development of these diseases among marine inspectors. PMID:2751350

Blair, A; Haas, T; Prosser, R; Morrissette, M; Blackman, K; Grauman, D; van Dusen, P; Moran, F

1989-01-01

62

Selection and Training of Watchstanders for Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on operational manuals as well as observations and interviews during several visits to operating Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) centers, some basic problems in the selection and training of VTS watchstanders are identified and evaluated. R...

D. B. Devoe J. W. Royal N. Moore

1981-01-01

63

US Coast Guard Marine Safety Laboratory. Sample Handling and Transmittal Guide, Sixth Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Marine Safety Laboratory (MSL), under the auspices of the National Maritime Center, is the Coast Guards forensic laboratory for oil pollution. Samples collected by field units are analyzed at MSL to determine if a relationship exists between the spill...

2002-01-01

64

78 FR 39595 - Safety Zone, Fifth Coast Guard District Firework Display, Pagan River; Smithfield, VA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Display, Pagan River; Smithfield, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...changing the date of a safety zone for one specific recurring fireworks display...held on the Pagan River in Smithfield, VA. The regulation currently states...

2013-07-02

65

33 CFR 149.404 - Can I use firefighting equipment that has no Coast Guard standards?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can I use firefighting equipment that has no Coast Guard standards...DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Firefighting and Fire Protection Equipment Firefighting Requirements § 149.404 Can I...

2010-07-01

66

33 CFR 149.404 - Can I use firefighting equipment that has no Coast Guard standards?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Can I use firefighting equipment that has no Coast Guard standards...DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Firefighting and Fire Protection Equipment Firefighting Requirements § 149.404 Can I...

2009-07-01

67

Business Process Redesign of the U.S. Coast Guard Port State Control Boarding Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Coast Guard Port State Control (PSC) is a port entry tracking process, which is currently performed primarily using paper and pencil. This thesis examines the feasibility and effectiveness of redesigning the PSC process in light of moder...

J. A. Fosdick

2000-01-01

68

INTERIOR TV/GAME ROOM, LOOKING NORTHEAST. Oregon Inlet Coast Guard ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR TV/GAME ROOM, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Oregon Inlet Coast Guard Station, Northern end of Pea Island, East side of State Road 1257, 0.3 mile North of North Carolina Highway 12, Rodanthe, Dare County, NC

69

INTERIOR TV/GAME, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. Oregon Inlet Coast Guard Station, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR TV/GAME, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - Oregon Inlet Coast Guard Station, Northern end of Pea Island, East side of State Road 1257, 0.3 mile North of North Carolina Highway 12, Rodanthe, Dare County, NC

70

An Investigation of Potential Uses of Animals in Coast Guard Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of the study was the identification of the capabilities and behavioral characteristics of animals which were potentially useful in assisting the Coast Guard in the fulfillment of its mission requirements and mission performance. Capa...

1981-01-01

71

78 FR 36664 - Safety Zone; Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Display, Currituck Sound; Corolla, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...District Fireworks Display, Currituck Sound; Corolla, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...event, held adjacent to the Currituck Sound, Corolla, North Carolina. The fireworks...vessel traffic in a portion of the Currituck Sound, Corolla, NC, during the event....

2013-06-19

72

STS-41 MS Melnick displays US Coast Guard decal on OV-103's middeck  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STS-41 Mission Specialist (MS) Bruce E. Melnick, who is a graduate of the Coast Guard Academy and the first ever active Coast Guarsdman to fly in space, draws attention to his branch of the service, while posing next to a banner from his Alma Mater (on locker MF57K) and a United States (U.S.) Coast Guard decal (on the Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE)). Behind Melnick are the starboard wall-mounted sleep restraints. Insignias belonging to other crewmembers are displayed on the lockers including University of Missouri Rolla and U.S. Marine Corps.

1990-01-01

73

[Medical research in the US Armed Forces. (Report 5). The US Air Force and Coast Guard].  

PubMed

The present article is the last part of the review dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Armed Forces. The first through fourth parts were published in the previous issues of the journal. Specifically this article is dedicated to organization and management of medical research in the US Air Force and Coast Guard. It is shown that in the US Air Force the medical research is conducted in the Air Force Research Laboratory and in the US Coast Guard--in its Research and Development Center. The particular research programs conducted in the above mentioned units are discussed. PMID:23808204

Agapitov, A A; Ale?nikov, S I; Bolekhan, V N; Ivchenko, E V; Krassi?, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Petrov, S V; Rezvantsev, M V; Soldatov, E A; Shalakhin, R A; Sheppli, E V

2013-02-01

74

Work in progress — Partnering with Coast Guard engineers to bring the field into the classroom using material science case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introductory material science course at the United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) is being transformed from a basic survey course to a more in depth course that includes the use of case studies relevant to the students' future careers as Coast Guard engineers. The goals of the pedagogical approach are to spark greater interest by exposing students to contemporary

David H. Plantz; William M. Simpson Jr

2010-01-01

75

33 CFR 100.100 - Special Local Regulations; Regattas and Boat Races in the Coast Guard Sector Long Island Sound...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Boat Races in the Coast Guard Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port Zone. 100...Boat Races in the Coast Guard Sector Long Island Sound Captain of the Port Zone...Captain of the Port (COTP), Sector Long Island Sound (LIS), to act on his or...

2013-07-01

76

33 CFR 165.1184 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Use of Force Training Exercises, San Pablo Bay, CA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Zone; Coast Guard Use of Force Training Exercises, San Pablo Bay, CA. 165.1184...Zone; Coast Guard Use of Force Training Exercises, San Pablo Bay, CA. (a) Location...from 9 a.m. to 11:59 p.m. If the exercises conclude prior to the...

2013-07-01

77

77 FR 23119 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Dauphin Island Race; Mobile Bay; Mobile, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eighth Coast Guard District, Dauphin Island Race; Mobile Bay; Mobile, AL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of...Local Regulations for the Dauphin Island Race in the Mobile Bay, Mobile, AL from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m....

2012-04-18

78

77 FR 23119 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Smoking the Sound; Biloxi Ship Channel...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Eighth Coast Guard District, Smoking the Sound; Biloxi Ship Channel; Biloxi, MS AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice...Regulations for the Smoking the Sound boat races in the Biloxi Ship Channel, Biloxi, MS from 8 a.m. until 6 p.m. on...

2012-04-18

79

48 CFR 17.106-3 - Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard. 17.106-3 Section 17.106-3...Contracting 17.106-3 Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard. (a) Participation by...

2011-10-01

80

48 CFR 17.106-3 - Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard. 17.106-3 Section 17.106-3...Contracting 17.106-3 Special procedures applicable to DoD, NASA, and the Coast Guard. (a) Participation by...

2013-10-01

81

33 CFR 334.1065 - U.S. Coast Guard Station, San Francisco Bay, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco Bay, California...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false U.S. Coast Guard Station, San Francisco Bay, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco Bay, California; restricted area. 334...1065 U.S. Coast Guard Station, San Francisco Bay, Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco...

2009-07-01

82

33 CFR 96.460 - How will I know what the Coast Guard requires of my organization if my organization receives...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false How will I know what the Coast Guard requires of my organization if my organization receives authorization? 96.460 Section...460 How will I know what the Coast Guard requires of my organization if my organization receives...

2013-07-01

83

Business Case Analysis: Restructuring of Coast Guard Pacific Area Mental Health Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Between FY2005 and FY2007 the Coast Guard Pacific Area Command has spent in excess of $4.5 million on mental health purchased and direct care (M2, 2008). This report demonstrates how the Pacific Area Command can decrease the cost of mental health services...

D. S. Speer

2009-01-01

84

POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD AVIATION TRAINING CENTER, MOBILE, ALABAMA  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes a pollution prevention opportunity assessment of the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Aviation Training Center (ATC) in Mobile, Alabama. he ATC maintains the readiness and airworthiness of Dauphin and Jayhawk Helicopters and Falcon Jets used in training and search a...

85

77 FR 27156 - Safety Zone, Temporary Change for Recurring Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Displays...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Broad Bay Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard...safety zone regulation for one recurring firework display...Bay in Virginia Beach, VA. This action is necessary...of the safety zone for one recurring fireworks event...held in Virginia Beach, VA, on specified waters...

2012-05-09

86

77 FR 39174 - Safety Zone, Temporary Change for Recurring Fifth Coast Guard District Fireworks Displays...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bay; Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard...safety zone regulation for one recurring fireworks display...Bay in Virginia Beach, VA. This action is necessary...of the safety zone for one recurring fireworks event...held in Virginia Beach, VA on specified waters...

2012-07-02

87

Assessing Academic Outcomes at the United States Coast Guard Academy: The Role of Student Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the efforts of the Department of Mathematics at the United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) to determine the degree to which their courses support the published academic outcomes of the institution, and presents the results of a survey of student attitudes toward the academic outcomes. A survey questionnaire was developed…

Rezendes, George J.; Gable, Robert K.

88

1. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, KEY PLAN OF FIRST FLOOR, DRAWN BY D. KORNIT, DECEMBER 1939 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

89

7. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, SOUTH INTERIOR VIEW, CORBIN HALL, DRAWN BY H.F. BOSSERT, APRIL 24, 1938 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

90

2. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, KEY PLAN OF SECOND AND THIRD FLOORS, UNKNOWN DELINEATOR, APRIL 1939 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

91

3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, INTERIOR PLAN OF CORBIN HALL, DRAWN BY H. BOSSERT, APRIL 25, 1939 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

92

4. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, PLAN OF NORTH INTERIOR SIDE, DRAWN BY H. BOSSERT, APRIL 25, 1939 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

93

8. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, VIEW OF SOUTH FRONT AND EAST SIDE, CORBIN HALL, UNKNOWN DELINEATOR, 1932 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

94

6. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, EXTERIOR DETAIL OF PALLADIAN (SOUTH) WINDOW, CORBIN HALL, UNKNOWN DELINEATOR, JULY 28, 1938 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

95

5. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWINGS OF BUILDING #298, U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, FACILITIES ENGINEERING DIVISION, NEW YORK, PLAN OF PALLADIAN (SOUTH) WINDOW DETAIL, CORBIN HALL, DRAWN BY J. COOK, JULY 28, 1938 - Governors Island, Half Moon Battery, New York Harbor near Comfort & Barry Roads, New York, New York County, NY

96

CLIMATE CHANGE FUEL CELL PROGRAM UNITED STATES COAST GUARD AIR STATION CAPE COD BOURNE, MASSACHUSETTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers the first year of operation of a fuel cell power plant, installed by PPL Spectrum, Inc. (PPL) under contract with the United States Coast Guard (USCG), Research and Development Center (RDC). The fuel cell was installed at Air Station Cape Cod in Bourne, MA. The project had the support of the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative (MTC), the Department

John K. Steckel Jr

2004-01-01

97

77 FR 66856 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Second Ave. SW., Washington, DC. Attendees will be required to provide a picture identification card and pass through a magnetometer in order to gain admittance to the U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters Building. Visitors should also arrive at least 30...

2012-11-07

98

Future Mission Tasking and Resourcing of the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis studies the historic activity and present operational return on investment of the U.S. Coast Guard's all-volunteer, citizen-supported Auxiliary organization. The thesis recommends harvesting approximately $2.7M by eliminating the Auxiliary avi...

M. Barner

2012-01-01

99

Impacts of Water Scarcity on Coast Guard Mission Requirements and Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the study were to identify the technological impacts of water scarcity, and to assess the impacts of such technology on the Coast Guard's mission requirements and mission performance. Based on the assumption used in this study that water...

1981-01-01

100

New Tools for Coast Guard Research of the Rough Water Performance of Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a progress overview of the joint U.S. Coast Guard and Transport Canada sponsored project to develop new research tools for evaluating personal flotation devices. The calm water method of testing has been a safe method for determining ...

B. Macesker G. Gareau

1997-01-01

101

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Of the Coast Guard's three polar icebreakers, two--Polar Star and Polar Sea--have exceeded their intended 30-year service lives. The Polar Star is not operational and has been in caretaker status since July 1, 2006. A 2007 report from the National Researc...

R. O'Rourke

2009-01-01

102

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress. Updated December 23, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Of the Coast Guard's three polar icebreakers, two -- Polar Star and Polar Sea -- have exceeded their intended 30-year service lives. The Polar Star is not operational and has been in caretaker status since July 1, 2006. A 2007 report from the National Res...

R. O'Rourke

2009-01-01

103

U.S. Coast Guard Buoy Tenders: Historical and Projected Usage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Coast Guard presently opereates 28 offshore buoy tenders an 12 coastal buoy tenders. These vessels are coming to the end of their service life and a capability replacement program has been initiated. This report identifies the capabilities provid...

R. T. Walker C. W. Pritchett W. B. Lincoln

1987-01-01

104

DISPERSANT APPLICATION SYSTEM FOR THE U.S. COAST GUARD 32-FOOT WPB (WATERWAYS PATROL BOAT)  

EPA Science Inventory

This illustrated report describes details of the fabrication, assembly, and operation of a lightweight, easily assembled system for dispensing chemical dispersants on oil spills. This system is designed to be fitted onto the aft deck of the U.S. Coast Guard 32-foot waterways patr...

105

77 FR 28766 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events and Safety Zones  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...intent to submit an adverse comment was received. The rule will go into effect as scheduled. The Coast Guard is also correcting...mentioned in this preamble as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov, type the docket...

2012-05-16

106

Latest update of tests and improvements to US Coast Guard viscous oil pumping system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past nine years, the US Coast Guard has incorporated the prevention through people (PTP) philosophy as a “human factors” approach to learn how maritime operations can be regulated safer and be more efficient by evaluating training, management policies, operational procedures, and establishing partnerships with the maritime industry. One of the key elements of applying a PTP approach is

Michael D. Drieu; Peter C. Nourse; Ronald MacKay; David A. Cooper; Flemming Hvidbak

2003-01-01

107

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment United States Coast Guard Aviation Training Center, Mobile, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report summarizes work conducted at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Aviation Training Center (ATC) in Mobile, Alabama under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Waste Reduction Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS) Program. Several waste generating processes were initially screened including flight simulators, aircraft maintenance, aircraft fuel management, and aircraft cleaning. Opportunities to reduce wastes in each area were identified

B. Burch; A. Memon

1994-01-01

108

U.S. Coast Guard: overview of operational narcotic detection program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiple Coast Guard commands incorporate a variety of advanced narcotic detection technologies into their normal Law Enforcement routine. Planning calls for new commands to expand their narcotic detection capability via the introduction of additional advanced narcotic detection systems before 1997. The successful integration of new technology is the result of the synergistic relationship between the Research and Development Center and operational units during technology development. This paper will give an overview of the Coast Guard methodology emphasizing the requirements and related issues of law enforcement in the maritime environment. Topics to be discussed include: An overview of the initial research incorporating both operational commands and the Research and Development Center; How the instruments were initially implemented in the field; How the instruments are currently used; How law enforcement officers are currently trained to be equipment operators; Lessons learned from different case studies; and research currently being conducted to support the field law enforcement officer.

McCready, Jack; Su, Chih-Wu; Rigdon, Stephen W.

1997-02-01

109

Fuel Cell Demonstration at the u.s. Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Coast Guard installed one of the first fuel cells in the New England region, with funding from the Green Power Initiative of the Renewable Energy Trust (administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative), the U.S. Department of Defense's (DOD's) Climate Change Fuel Cell Program, and KeySpan Energy. Beginning in 1998, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) and the U.S.

Mark A. Halverson; William D. Chvala; Shawn Herrera

2005-01-01

110

78 FR 40000 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks; Ohio...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks on the Ohio River 607.0 to 609.0 from 9:30 p.m. until 10:30 p.m. on July 3, 2013. This action is necessary for the safeguard of participants and spectators, including all crews, vessels, and persons on navigable waters during the Riverfront Independence Festival Fireworks. During the enforcement period,......

2013-07-03

111

Small Autonomous Air/Sea System Concepts for Coast Guard Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of small autonomous air/sea system concepts are outlined in this paper that support and enhance U.S. Coast Guard missions. These concepts draw significantly upon technology investments made by NASA in the area of uninhabited aerial vehicles and robotic/intelligent systems. Such concepts should be considered notional elements of a greater as-yet-not-defined robotic system-of-systems designed to enable unparalleled maritime safety and security.

Young, Larry A.

2005-01-01

112

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment United States Coast Guard Aviation Training Center, Mobile, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes work conducted at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Aviation Training Center (ATC) in Mobile, Alabama under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Waste Reduction Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS) Program. Several waste generating processes were initially screened including flight simulators, aircraft maintenance, aircraft fuel management, and aircraft cleaning. Opportunities to reduce wastes in each area were identified and evaluated.

Burch, B.; Memon, A.

1994-09-01

113

78 FR 33216 - Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine Event in the Fifth Coast Guard District, Mattaponi...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Fifth Coast Guard District, Mattaponi Drag Boat Race, Mattaponi River; Wakema, VA AGENCY...Guard District. This event is the Mattaponi Drag Boat Race, which is a series of power boat races to be held on the waters of the...

2013-06-04

114

77 FR 39169 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Blue Angels Air Show; Gulf of Mexico & Santa...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Blue Angels Air Show; Gulf of Mexico & Santa...Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Blue Angels Air Show in the Gulf of Mexico and...persons on navigable waters during the Blue Angels Air Show. During the...

2012-07-02

115

33 CFR 334.605 - Meloy Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach, Florida; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...approval from the Base Commander, U.S. Coast Guard Base Miami Beach or his/her designated representative. (3) Fishing, trawling, net-fishing, and other aquatic activities are prohibited in the restricted area without prior approval from the...

2013-07-01

116

Military Personnel: DOD's and the Coast Guard's Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Programs Face Implementation and Oversight Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2004, Congress directed the Department of Defense (DOD) to establish a comprehensive policy to prevent and respond to sexual assaults involving servicemembers. Though not required to do so, the Coast Guard has established a similar policy. In response ...

2008-01-01

117

46 CFR 154.151 - Procedures for having the Coast Guard examine a vessel for a Certificate of Compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Procedures for having the Coast Guard examine a vessel for a Certificate of Compliance. 154... SAFETY STANDARDS FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Inspections...Examination Requirements for Foreign Flag Vessels § 154.151 Procedures for...

2013-10-01

118

Latest update of tests and improvements to US Coast Guard viscous oil pumping system.  

PubMed

Over the past nine years, the US Coast Guard has incorporated the prevention through people (PTP) philosophy as a "human factors" approach to learn how maritime operations can be regulated safer and be more efficient by evaluating training, management policies, operational procedures, and establishing partnerships with the maritime industry. One of the key elements of applying a PTP approach is identifying and incorporating lessons learned from major marine casualties and pollution incidents. Since 1997, the US Coast Guard National Strike Force has responded to three major oil spills involving foreign freight vessels grounding, which included the removal of highly viscous oil using various lightering equipment and systems. An informal workgroup consisting of the US Coast Guard, US Navy Supervisor of Salvage (NAVSUPSALV), and various representatives from oil pollution clean-up companies met at the following facilities: the Chevron Asphalt Facility in Edmonds, WA (September 1999), the Oil and Hazardous Materials Simulated Environmental Test Tank (OHMSETT) testing facility in Leonardo, New Jersey (November 1999 and March 2000), the Alaska Clean Seas (ACS) warehouse annex in Prudhoe Bay, AK (October 2000), and Cenac Towing Company facility in Houma, LA (May 2002). The group shared ideas and techniques, and tested different pumps and hose lengths with viscous oil. It was during the early tests that the first quantitative results showed just how efficient lubricated transport of heavy oil product could be, and broadened the knowledge of such methods to the entire industry. Although this technology had existed for many years in the oil production and handling industry, its use had never been investigated in a laboratory setting with regard to salvage response lightering systems. PMID:12899890

Drieu, Michael D; Nourse, Peter C; MacKay, Ronald; Cooper, David A; Hvidbak, Flemming

2003-01-01

119

Evaluation of U.S. Coast Guard forward-looking airborne radars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During CY 1983, the U.S. Coast Guard R&D Center conducted field experiments off Fort Pierce, FL and Oregon Inlet, NC to evaluate the small-target detection capabilities of three forward-looking airborne radars (FLARs): the AN/APS-127, the AN/APS-133, and the AN/APN-215. Field data from these experiments and from a West German field test of the AN/APN-134 FLAR were compared to each other and to theoretical detection range predictions promulgated by NADC. These data were used to analyze the potential of each system to fulfill the Coast Guard Search and Rescue (SAR) and Enforcement of Laws and Treaties (ELT) missions. Targets of 1-square meter and 100-square meter radar cross sections were considered in the analysis. The AN/APS-134 was found to be clearly superior to the other three candidate FLAR systems in its capability to fulfill SAR and ELT mission requirements. In sea states 3 and above, the AN/APS-134 is the only FLAR among those evaluated with any significant ability to detect 1-square meter targets. Recommendations are made for conducting FLAR search operations and for future research and development efforts.

Ketchen, H. G.; St. Martin, J.; Hover, G. L.; Mazour, T. J.

1984-03-01

120

Mortality among United States Coast Guard marine inspectors: a follow up.  

PubMed

We previously assessed mortality among U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) marine inspectors (inspectors) and Coast Guard officers who were not marine inspectors (noninspectors). Here, we extended follow-up of the cohort by 14 years, ascertaining vital status 1980-1994, calculating standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for inspectors and noninspectors, and comparing mortality rates via directly adjusted rate ratios (RRs). Both inspectors and noninspectors had deficits for all causes of death (SMR = 75 and 61, respectively) and all malignant neoplasms (SMR = 86 and 69, respectively). Compared with noninspectors, inspectors had nonstatistically significant excesses of liver cirrhosis (SMR = 124; RR = 2.2) and chronic rheumatic heart disease (SMR = 129; RR = 2.6) and deficits of cancer of the respiratory system (SMR = 59; RR = 0.8). SMRs and RRs rose with increasing probability of exposure to chemicals for cirrhosis of the liver, all accidents and motor vehicle accidents, although they fell for all causes of death, diseases of the nervous system, diseases of the circulatory system, and cancers of the respiratory system. These results suggest that contact with chemicals during inspection of merchant vessels may be involved in the development of these diseases, although other aspects of the job, such as physical activity may account for deficits in respiratory cancers. PMID:19743741

Rusiecki, Jennifer; Thomas, Dana; Blair, Aaron

2009-08-01

121

US Coast Guard 1995 oil pollution research grants publications: Part 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Pollution Research Grants Program was created by the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990, P.L. 101-380 (OPA 90), 33 U.S.C. 28761(c)(8) and 2761(c)(9). The OPA established a regional research program and authorized those agencies represented on the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Oil Pollution Research, including the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), to make grants to universities and other research institutions to perform research related to regional effects of oil pollution. The USCG established such a grant program and the John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center), a component of the Research and Special Programs Administration of the Department of Transportation (DOT), was chosen to administer this program on behalf of the USCG. In August 1995, the Volpe Center awarded seven one-year grants. Coast Guard funds were matched by funds from the university or non-profit research institution. This report contains the final reports for research performed under these grants.

NONE

1997-08-01

122

US Coast Guard 1995 oil pollution research grants publications: Part 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Pollution Research Grants Program was created by the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990, P.L. 101-380 (OPA 90), 33 U.S.C. 28761(c)(8) and 2761(c)(9). The OPA established a regional research program and authorized those agencies represented on the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Oil Pollution Research, including the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), to make grants to universities and other research institutions to perform research related to regional effects of oil pollution. The USCG established such a grant program and the John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center), a component of the Research and Special Programs Administration of the Department of Transportation (DOT), was chosen to administer this program on behalf of the USCG. In August 1995, the Volpe Center awarded seven one-year grants. Coast Guard funds were matched by funds from the university or non-profit research institution. This report contains the final reports for research performed under these grants.

NONE

1997-08-01

123

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section 3036...one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting...

2010-10-01

124

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section 3036...one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting...

2009-10-01

125

77 FR 38005 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Biloxi Bay Fireworks; Biloxi Bay; Biloxi, MS  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Annual Safety Zones; Biloxi Bay Fireworks; Biloxi Bay; Biloxi, MS AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of...Zone for the Biloxi Bay Fireworks event in Biloxi Bay, Biloxi, MS from 8:30 p.m. until 10 p.m. on July 4, 2012. This...

2012-06-26

126

76 FR 30827 - Temporary Change of Dates for Recurring Marine Event in the Fifth Coast Guard District; Elizabeth...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Elizabeth River, Norfolk, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...This regulation apply to only one recurring marine event that conducts...Southern Branch, Elizabeth River, VA during the event. DATES: This...This regulation applies to one marine event found in 33...

2011-05-27

127

Good for the Goose, Good for the Gander; A Coast Guard Model for the Thousand-Ship Navy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a nation at war, facing a diverse set of new challenges, the stakes are high and are growing for the United States. The nation needs to expand its 'operationalization' of the national fleet and ensure that the Coast Guard and Navy work together to most...

D. A. Cinalli

2006-01-01

128

Preparing U.S. Coast Guard Junior Enlisted Members to Become Petty Officers at a Petaluma Training Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2008 Award of Excellence study describes how the Coast Guard Training Center in Petaluma, California, used human performance technology principles to identify and improve performance problems among a student population of young enlisted members. The solution system centered around the creation of a program that set expectations and standards…

Lincoln, Stefanie

2009-01-01

129

77 FR 23118 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District, Blessing of the Fleet; Bayou La Batre...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...District, Blessing of the Fleet; Bayou La Batre; Bayou La Batre, AL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of...Regulations for the Blessing of the Fleet in Bayou La Batre, AL from 2 p.m. until 4 p.m. on May 6, 2012. This action...

2012-04-18

130

Fuzzy Clustering Means Algorithm for Track Fusion in U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents a fuzzy association based data fusion algorithm for U.S. Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) systems to reduce the number of redundant target tracks displayed to vessel traffic operators. The proposed algorithm uses the Fuzzy Clu...

E. S. Anzano

1999-01-01

131

Design and Simulation of a Dynamic Positioning System for a U.S. Coast Guard Buoy Tender.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper covers the design of a dynamic positioning system for the U.S. Coast Guard WLB IRIS class buoy tender. The control system design is based upon optimal control theory with estimates of position and heading provided by a steady state Kalman filte...

W. R. Cairns

1989-01-01

132

The 1980 Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Services. [Volume] 3: Coast Guard, Marine Corps, Navy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 35 years, this Guide has been the standard reference work for recognizing learning acquired in military life. All the courses offered by the Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy are listed and briefly described. Each course description includes the course title and number; the length of the course, and where and when it was offered;…

Sullivan, Eugene J.; And Others

133

33 CFR 20.1309 - Admissibility of respondents' criminal records and records with the Coast Guard before entry of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

(b) The prior disciplinary record of the respondent is admissible when offered by the Coast Guard representative to impeach the credibility of evidence offered by the respondent. (c) The use of a judgment of conviction is permissible on the terms prescribed by §...

2013-07-01

134

A Cross-Arctic Geophysical Transect Collected from US Coast Guard Icebreaker Healy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the late Summer of 2005, when the pack ice was at its annual minimum, the US Coast Guard icebreaker Healy undertook a research cruise across the Arctic Ocean. During this cruise, the ship collected continuous multi-beam bathymetry, sub-bottom profiler and gravity anomaly data. As ice conditions permitted, multi-channel seismic reflection and refraction data were collected. The source consisted of two 250 cubic inch airguns. The shots were received by a 200-300 m long streamer (16 to 24 channels) and more than 200 sonobuoy deployments. This cruise crossed all of the major basins and ridges that compose the Arctic Ocean. Ice conditions permitted acquisition of seismic reflection transects over the Chukchi Borderland and Mendeleev Ridge. More difficult ice conditions curtailed seismic work on Alpha Ridge. After rendezvous with the Swedish icebreaker Oden on the western flank of the Alpha Ridge, it was possible to collect MCS data through relatively heavy pack. These operations enabled collection of MCS data in the Makarov Basin and on Lomonosov Ridge. Continuing through the pole, additional data were collected over the Gakkel Ridge and the Yermak Plateau. Data collected in the Amerasian Basin show a pervasive mantled sedimentary layer, consistent with tectonic inactivity of this basin. Some locations lack this layer, suggesting localized erosion by bottom currents. Data collected in the Eurasian Basin will be used to study tectonics of the Gakkel Ridge and the Yermak Plateau.

Coakley, B.; Kristoffersen, Y.; Hopper, J.; Arthun, T.; Berge, H.; Brass, G.; Breien, H.; Bruvoll, V.; Dove, D.; Grindheim, E.; Henkart, P.; Ivanova, N.; Ludvigsen, F.; Monsen, K.; Reynoso-Peralta, W.; White, D.

2005-12-01

135

Referral of small oil spills to coast guard under Oil Pollution Act before new enforcement MOU is in effect  

SciTech Connect

The memorandum supplements earlier guidance concerning a case-by-case approach to the referral of post-Oil Pollution Act (OPA) oil spills to the Coast Guard. Congress has rewritten Section 311 to provide additional administrative and judicial oil spill enforcement remedies when it passed the OPA, and noted in the legislative history that this new authority is available to both the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Secretary of Transportation.

Not Available

1991-06-17

136

78 FR 22777 - Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District; St. Croix...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Coast Guard will enforce the special local regulation for the Ironman St. Croix 70.3 Triathlon from 5 a.m. until 10 a.m. on May 5, 2013. This action is necessary to ensure safety of life on navigable waters of the United States during the Ironman St. Croix 70.3 Triathlon. During the enforcement period, the special local regulation will consist of a race area, which will exclude the presence......

2013-04-17

137

United States Coast Guard (USCG) SSAMPS (Standard Semi-Automatic Message Processing System) Upgrade Network Studies Functional Analysis and Cost Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Coast Guard distributes unclassified record messages throughout each District using a wide area network called the Standard Semi Automatic Message Processing System (SSAMPS). Currently the interface between SSAMPS and AUTODIN is by paper tape. Th...

1988-01-01

138

Literature Review and Cultural Resources Survey of the U.S. Coast Guard Light Station, Jupiter Inlet, Palm Beach County, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project consisted of a literature review and cultural resources survey of the Jupiter Inlet Coast Guard Station, Palm Beach County, Florida. An intensive survey of 122 acres was conducted resulting in identification and evaluation of one large prehis...

C. S. Weed L. J. Campbell P. M. Thomas

1982-01-01

139

Coast Guard exposure to gasoline, MTBE, and benzene vapors during inspection of tank barges.  

PubMed

A field study was conducted June through August 1996 in an attempt to quantify short-term exposure levels to Coast Guard personnel performing routine inspection activities aboard commercial tank barges carrying gasoline. Transfer and fleeting operations were monitored in the ports of Pittsburgh, Pa., Huntington, W.Va., Baton Rouge, La., and Galveston, Tex. A total of 43 personal and 68 area samples were analyzed for benzene and total hydrocarbons as gasoline ("gasoline"). Results can be summarized as follows: Personal exposure to benzene gave 15-min time-weighted-average (TWA) results ranging from <0.10 to 0.50 ppm. Area benzene levels ranged from <0.04 to 170 ppm. Personal monitoring for gasoline revealed a range of <2.0 to 590 mg/m3 with a GM of 23 mg/m3. Area sample results for gasoline ranged from 1.7 to 90,000 mg/m3. Twelve personal samples were collected for methyl-tert butyl ether (MTBE). Only two of these were above the limit of detection and had 15-min time-weighted averages of 22 ppm and 1.3 ppm. Eighteen MTBE area samples ranged in value from <3.0 to 38 ppm. Although none of the personal samples met or exceeded proposed or established short-term exposure standards, many of the area sampling results indicated that a significant risk of acute exposure exists in the vicinity of valves, pressure lines, and connections. This includes anticipated sources such as pressure vent valves as well as unexpected sources resulting from structural deficiencies onboard the vessels. These results further emphasize the value of safe work practices and proper vessel maintenance in controlling exposure to harmful chemicals. PMID:11192221

Davenport, A C; Glynn, T J; Rhambarose, H

2000-01-01

140

Research methods to develop Measures of Effectiveness of the United States Coast Guard`s Vessel Inspection and Boarding Program. Volume 2, Main report  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this study is to provide Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs) of the US Coast Guard Marine Inspection and Boarding Program based on objective scientific methods. A secondary objective of the study is to provide USCG management with a methodologically and theoretically sound aid to effective policy decision-making. The MOEs constructed in this study are specific to the Marine Inspection and Boarding Program, but the methodology of the study is based on sound theoretical principles that are probably applicable to a range of USCG activities. Hence the methodology applied equally to other important USCG programs and can be similarly used to measure their effectiveness and as an aid to decision-making.

Wheeler, T.; Cox, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gawande, K. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Economics; Stone, R.; Waisel, L.; Wallace, W.A. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, New York (United States). Dept. of Decision Sciences and Engineering Systems

1995-04-01

141

Research methods to develop measures of effectiveness of the United States Coast Guard`s Vessel Inspection and Boarding Program, Volume 1 - executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this study is to provide Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs) of the U.S. Coast Guard Marine Inspection and Boarding Program based on objective scientific methods. A secondary objective of the study is to provide USCG management with a methodologically and theoretically sound aid to effective policy decision-making. The MOEs constructed in this study are specific to the Marine Inspection and Boarding Program, but the methodology of the study is based on sound theoretical principles that are probably applicable to a range of USCG activities. Hence the methodology applies equally to other important USCG programs and can be similarly used to measure their effectiveness and as an aid to decision-making.

Wheeler, T.; Cox, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gawande, K. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Economics] [and others

1995-04-01

142

OREOS: a new EO-IR modeling and simulation tool for U.S. Coast Guard search and rescue applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Georgia Tech has developed a new modeling and simulation tool that predicts both radar and electro-optical infrared (EO-IR) lateral range curves (LRCs) and sweep widths (SWs) under the Optimization of Radar and Electro-Optical Sensors (OREOS) program for US Coast Guard Search and Rescue (SAR) applications. In a search scenario when the location of the lost or overdue craft is unknown, the Coast Guard will conduct searches based upon standard procedure, personnel expertise, operational experience, and models. One metric for search planning is the sweep width, or integrated area under a LRC. Because a searching craft is equipped with radar and EO-IR sensor suites, the Coast Guard is interested in accurate predictions of sweep width for the particular search scenario. Here, we will discuss the physical models that make up the EO-IR portion of the OREOS code. First, Georgia Tech SIGnature (GTSIG) generates thermal signatures of search targets based upon the thermal and optical properties of the target and the environment; a renderer then calculates target contrast. Sensor information, atmospheric transmission, and the calculated target contrasts are input into NVESD models to generate probability of detection (PD) vs. slant range data. These PD vs. range values are then converted into LRCs by taking into account a continuous look search from a moving platform; sweep widths are then calculated. The OREOS tool differs from previous methods in that physical models are used to predict the LRCs and sweep widths at every step in the process, whereas heuristic methods were previously employed to generate final predictions.

Lane, Sarah E.; Nichols, C. Spencer; Thomas, Alan M.; Cathcart, J. Michael

2013-05-01

143

Contingency planning at the flotilla level in the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary: flotilla 81-a case study.  

PubMed

This article presents a case study of United States Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla 81. Flotilla 81 created its first formal, single agency contingency plan. The research question addressed is "How can a flotilla successfully develop a contingency plan?" Five emergent themes are identified. They are offered as suggested promising practices for other flotillas in need of creating a contingency plan. Findings suggest successful contingency planning is a result of effective collaboration with community partners. Network management theory is a key to an effective contingency planning process. PMID:24340457

Schooley, Shawn Erik

2013-01-01

144

33 CFR 165.100 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First...District. 165.100 Section 165.100 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST...

2011-07-01

145

33 CFR 165.100 - Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Regulated Navigation Area: Navigable waters within the First...District. 165.100 Section 165.100 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST...

2012-07-01

146

Selection and testing of a glove combination for use with the U.S. Coast Guard's chemical response suit.  

PubMed

A study was sponsored by the U.S. Coast Guard to select a glove system for its chemical response suit that could meet or exceed the chemical resistance performance of the suit's base material. Three different protective glove combinations were evaluated for their permeation resistance to 28 chemicals. The glove combinations were based on three materials--Viton, butyl rubber, and Silvershield. The test chemicals were selected for one of two reasons. First, no single glove material could be identified to be resistant against the chemical of interest, or second, no permeation test data were available for judging glove material performance for the specific chemical. As can be expected, the permeation resistance of the glove combinations greatly exceeded that of the single glove material components. The butyl rubber/Silvershield glove combination was found to provide permeation resistance greater than 1 hr for all but one of the chemicals tested. PMID:2382640

Stull, J O; Herring, B

1990-07-01

147

U.S. Coast Guard and Joint Operations. Joint Center for Operational Analysis and Lessons Learned: Volume VI, Issue 4, September 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This issue of the JCOA-LL Bulletin is focused on the USCG, and each article tells a different aspect of their mission. The first two articles are an introduction by Vice Admiral Crea, Commander Coast Guard Atlantic Area, and an overview of the USCG today ...

2004-01-01

148

Use of the MBTI as a Predictor of Successful Academic and Military Performance at the United States Coast Guard Academy. Report 10-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an analysis of a random sample of 100 cadets from the United States Coast Guard Academy class of 1993. Emphasis is placed on the cadets' academic achievements, their military performance, and their resignation status to determine whether the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) preferences can be used to predict success in these…

O'Connor, John C., III

149

Model Tests to Compare Capsize Resistance of the USCG (United States Coast Guard) 44' MLB (Motor Lifeboat) and Proposed 47' MLB in Breaking Waves.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Coast Guard has designed a new 47 foot Motor Lifeboat which has twice the design speed of the existing 44 foot Motor Lifeboats. Because of the difference in design speeds, the hulls are considerably different. This report documents model tests an...

J. H. Duncan J. J. Zseleczky L. A. Wallendorf

1987-01-01

150

Statement to the National Research Council Study Committee for the Assessment of U.S. Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The age and condition of the U.S. Coast Guard's polar icebreakers are jeopardizing national security and scientific research in the Arctic and Antarctic. Because of a shortfall in funding for U.S. polar icebreaking activities, long-term maintenance on the...

D. H. Laible

2005-01-01

151

LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE MONITORING FOR A PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER AT THE U.S. COAST GUARD SUPPORT CENTER, ELIZABETH CITY, NORTH CAROLINA  

EPA Science Inventory

A continuous hanging iron wall was installed in June, 1996, at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center near Elizabeth City, NC, United States, to treat overlapping plumes of chromate and chlorinated solvent compounds. The wall was emplaced using a continuous trenching machine...

152

The Effect of Career Assessments and Follow-Up Counseling on Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE) among Active-Duty Coast Guard Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (a) examined career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) differences across gender, age, military grade, level of education, previous career assessments, previous career counseling, and currently attending college, and (b) examined the effect of career assessments with follow-up counseling on CDMSE among active-duty Coast Guard

Brennan, Michael D.

2009-01-01

153

Real-Time Ocean Forecasting System in support of U.S. Coast Guard's Search and Rescue Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk will describe a real-time ocean forecasting system off the U.S. west coast developed to enhance U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) decision support tools for search and rescue operations. The forecasting model is based on the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) with multi-domain nested configurations. A multi-scale 3-dimensional variational (3DVAR) data assimilation scheme is used to assimilate both in situ (e.g., gliders) and remotely sensed data from both satellite and land-based platforms (e.g., high-frequency (HF) radars). The performance of this real-time ocean forecasting system was evaluated during a two-week field experiment during July-August 2009 in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The 72-hour ocean forecast fields in Alaska's Prince William Sound and California coastal ocean are now produced in real-time and accessible by the USCG's decision support tool during search and rescue operations. Recent test results using the independent data collected by the USCG will be discussed.

Schoch, C.; Chao, Y.; Howlett, E.; Allen, A. A.

2012-12-01

154

33 CFR 140.101 - Inspection by Coast Guard marine inspectors or Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Guard marine inspectors or Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement...Guard marine inspectors or Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement...subject to inspection by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and...

2013-07-01

155

Varicella susceptibility and validity of history among U.S. Coast Guard recruits: an outbreak-based study.  

PubMed

During a varicella outbreak among U.S. Coast Guard recruits, we examined varicella susceptibility serologically and evaluated validity of disease history. Recruits completed a questionnaire to obtain information on demographics, history of varicella disease, and varicella vaccination. Serological testing for varicella-zoster virus immunoglobulin G antibodies was conducted using an enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Among 513 recruits, 21 (4.1%) were seronegative to varicella-zoster virus. Recruits born in Puerto Rico were more likely than recruits born in the U.S. states to be susceptible (prevalence ratio, 4.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.4%, 13.1%). A positive disease history was highly predictive of positive serology (99.1%); however, 73% of those with a negative or uncertain history were also immune. Four (19%) susceptible recruits reported a positive varicella history. Although immunity among recruits was high, varicella outbreaks may occur in closed adult settings due to the high risks of exposure and transmission. Varicella vaccination can prevent these costly, disruptive outbreaks. PMID:12775178

Zimmerman, Laura; Fajardo, Mario; Seward, Jane; Ludwig, Sharon; Johnson, Joyce; Wharton, Melinda

2003-05-01

156

Asbestos survey for Fort Point U. S. Coast Guard Station. Volume 1. The Presidio of San Francisco. Phase 2 environmental study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

R.L. Stollar and Associates conducted an asbestos survey in all the buildings associated with the former U.S. Coast Guard Station at Fort Point on the Presidio of San Francisco. The intent of the survey was to identify the location and condition of all asbestos containing material and recommend asbestos abatement measures for any asbestos containing material which is in deteriorated condition. The report recommended remedial action in the duct work in Building 992 of the station.

Not Available

1991-09-01

157

Differential Beacon Receiver Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Coast Guard's research and development of the Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) led to the creation of a new type of radionavigation equipment, the differential beacon receiver. This device receives the digital broadcast of DGPS correction...

J. W. Spalding M. T. Lunday M. K. Dowd

1996-01-01

158

Enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot analysis of a cryptosporidiosis outbreak on a United States Coast Guard cutter.  

PubMed

Symptoms consistent with an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis (diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and abdominal cramps) occurred on a U.S. Coast Guard cutter within 0-18 days after the cutter filled its tanks with Milwaukee, Wisconsin city water in March 1993. At three-weeks postdocking (PD), the suspected water was removed, and serum samples and stool specimens were collected from 47 of the 58 crew members, as well as questionnaire data on their water consumption and symptoms aboard the cutter. At 10-weeks PD and/or at 28-weeks PD, additional serum specimens were collected. Intensitometric data from enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) were obtained on IgA responses to a 17-kD antigen group, IgM responses to a 27-kD antigen group, and IgG responses to 27-, 17-, and 15-kD antigen groups extracted from oocysts. In addition, IgG responses to crude oocyst antigens were obtained by ELISA. Based on reported symptoms, EITB results, and stool examination, the crew members were classified as confirmed (10), probable (10), suspected (22), and noncases (16). Of the 10 confirmed cases (all symptomatic) and the 10 probable cases (eight symptomatic) whose stools were positive and negative, respectively, for Cryptosporidium oocysts by microscopy, all showed changes in EITB intensities to the antigen groups and were considered EITB positive. The remaining 38 crew members, 22 suspected cases (all symptomatic), and 16 noncases (all asymptomatic), if tested, had negative stool examinations and were considered EITB negative. Of the 10 confirmed cases, only four showed a significant change in IgG responses (P < 0.05) between three-weeks PD and follow-up serum specimens by ELISA. Crew members considered confirmed cases consumed significantly more water (P < or = 0.005) aboard the cutter than noncases. Crew members considered EITB positive consumed more water (P < or = 0.04) than crew members considered EITB negative while there was no significant difference in water consumption (P > or = 0.19) between crew members considered ELISA positive and ELISA negative. Using the EITB, the observation of changes in intensity of IgA responses to the 17-kD antigen group, IgM responses to the 27-kD antigen group, and IgG responses to the 27- 17-, and 15-kD antigen groups from C. parvum oocysts between acute and convalescent serum specimens appears useful for immunodiagnosis of Cryptosporidium infection and for prospective epidemiologic studies designed to monitor infection risk. PMID:9452301

Moss, D M; Bennett, S N; Arrowood, M J; Wahlquist, S P; Lammie, P J

1998-01-01

159

33 CFR 100.20 - Action on application for event assigned to State regulation by Coast Guard-State agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.20 Action on application...Upon receipt of an application for a regatta or marine parade of a type assigned to a State for...

2013-07-01

160

33 CFR 334.100 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape May, N.J.; Coast Guard Rifle Range.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Atlantic Ocean off Cape May, N.J.; Coast...AREA REGULATIONS § 334.100 Atlantic Ocean off Cape May, N.J.; Coast...danger zone. The waters of the Atlantic Ocean within an area described as...

2013-07-01

161

Population structure and genetic differentiation of livestock guard dog breeds from the Western Balkans.  

PubMed

Livestock guard dog (LGD) breeds from the Western Balkans are a good example of how complex genetic diversity pattern observed in dog breeds has been shaped by transition in dog breeding practices. Despite their common geographical origin and relatively recent formal recognition as separate breeds, the Karst Shepherd, Sarplaninac and Tornjak show distinct population dynamics, assessed by pedigree, microsatellite and mtDNA data. We genotyped 493 dogs belonging to five dog breeds using a set of 18 microsatellite markers and sequenced mtDNA from 94 dogs from these breeds. Different demographic histories of the Karst Shepherd and Tornjak breeds are reflected in the pedigree data with the former breed having more unbalanced contributions of major ancestors and a realized effective population size of less than 20 animals. The highest allelic richness was found in Sarplaninac (5.94), followed by Tornjak (5.72), whereas Karst Shepherd dogs exhibited the lowest allelic richness (3.33). Similarly, the highest mtDNA haplotype diversity was found in Sarplaninac, followed by Tornjak and Karst Shepherd, where only one haplotype was found. Based on FST differentiation values and high percentages of animals correctly assigned, all breeds can be considered genetically distinct. However, using microsatellite data, common ancestry between the Karst Shepherd and Sarplaninac could not be reconstructed, despite pedigree and mtDNA evidence of their historical admixture. Using neighbour-joining, STRUCTURE or DAPC methods, Sarplaninac and Caucasian Shepherd breeds could not be separated and additionally showed close proximity in the NeighborNet tree. STRUCTURE analysis of the Tornjak breed demonstrated substructuring, which needs further investigation. Altogether, results of this study show that the official separation of these dog breeds strongly affected the resolution of genetic differentiation and thus suggest that the relationships between breeds are not only determined by breed relatedness, but in small populations even more importantly by stochastic effects. PMID:24397417

Ceh, E; Dovc, P

2014-08-01

162

Final report on testing of ACONF technology for the US Coast Guard National Distress Systems : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of a six month test program of an Alternative Configuration (ACONF) power management system design for a typical United States Coast Guard (USCG) National Distress System (NDS) site. The USCG/USDOE funded work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories to evaluate the effect of a Sandia developed battery management technology known as ACONF on the performance of energy storage systems at NDS sites. This report demonstrates the savings of propane gas, and the improvement of battery performance when utilizing the new ACONF designs. The fuel savings and battery performance improvements resulting from ACONF use would be applicable to all current NDS sites in the field. The inherent savings realized when using the ACONF battery management design was found to be significant when compared to battery replacement and propane refueling at the remote NDS sites.

Storey, Leanne M.; Byrd, Thomas M., Jr.; Murray, Aaron T.; Ginn, Jerry W.; Symons, Philip C. (Electrochemical Engineering Consultants, Inc., Morgan Hill, CA); Corey, Garth P.

2005-08-01

163

2008 Joint United States-Canadian Program to Explore the Limits of the Extended Continental Shelf Aboard U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy-Cruise HLY0806 September 5-October 1, 2008 Barrow to Barrow, Alaska.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In September 2008, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), conducted bathymetric and geophysical surveys in the Arctic Beaufort Sea aboard the U.S. Coast Guard cutter USCGC Healy....

J. R. Childs P. J. Triezenberg W. W. Danforth

2012-01-01

164

Higher-Order Abilities Conceptualized within Guilford's Structure-of-Intellect (SOI) Model for a Sample of United States Coast Guard Academy Cadets: A Reanalysis of an SOI Data Base.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical validation of the first-order and higher-order factor structures of the structure-of-intellect (SOI) model was provided by reanalysis of a database of 39 measures administered to 178 Coast Guard Cadets. Results suggest that SOI could be reconceptualized as a pyramid-like hierarchical theory of intelligence. (SLD)

Chen, Chin-Yi; Michael, William B.

1993-01-01

165

78 FR 22554 - Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System (NDGPS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RITA-2013-0001] Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System (NDGPS) AGENCY: Coast Guard...of the Nationwide Differential Global Positioning System (NDGPS). The NDGPS was designed...accuracy and integrity of the Global Positioning System (GPS) derived positions...

2013-04-16

166

Bumper guard  

SciTech Connect

A bumper guard is described for protecting a selected portion of an automobile body comprising guard means for covering the selected portion of the automobile body and shaped complementary to the automobile body. A bracket means is attached to the automobile frame for holding the guard means in position on the selected portion of the automobile body. The guard means comprises a V-shaped angle iron adapted to fit over the selected portion of the automobile body. The guard means further comprises a padding secured to the angle iron for interposition between the angle iron and automobile body to thereby protectively separate the angle iron from the automobile body.

Heyman, N.R.

1987-02-10

167

Utilizing United States Coast Guard data to calculate incidence rates and identify risk factors for occupational fishing injuries in New Jersey.  

PubMed

Commercial fishing has high rates of work-related injury and death and needs preventive strategies. Work-related fatal and nonfatal injury rates for New Jersey (NJ) commercial fishermen who suffered unintentional traumatic injuries from 2001 to 2007 are calculated using data from the United States Coast Guard (USCG) Marine Safety and Pollution Database and estimated denominator data. Fatalities were compared to those ascertained by the NJ Fatality Assessment Control and Evaluation (FACE) surveillance system. For the study years, 225 nonfatal injuries and 31 fatal injuries were reported. Among nonfatal injuries, the causes by frequency were fall onto surface, crushed between objects, struck by moving object, line handling/caught in lines, collision with fixed objects, fall into water, and other noncontact injuries. The distribution of fatal injuries differed, with the most frequent cause as crushed between objects. Falls into water and several noncontact injuries accounted for most of the other fatalities. The large majority (96%) of nonfatal injuries were contact injuries, whereas only 68% of fatalities were classified as contact. The overall incidence rate of nonfatal injuries was 1188 per 100,000 full-time equivalents (FTEs) per year. The rate varied considerably by year, from a low of 286 per 100,000 FTEs in 2001 and 2007 to 3806 per 100,000 FTEs in 2003. The overall occupational fatality rate over the period 2001-2007 was 164 per 100,000 FTEs per year. These results can aid in targeting the commercial fishing industry for injury prevention strategies and interventions, especially for falls, crushing injuries, and drownings. PMID:20954031

Day, Emily Ruth; Lefkowitz, Daniel K; Marshall, Elizabeth G; Hovinga, Mary

2010-10-01

168

Long-term performance monitoring for a permeable reactive barrier at the U.S. Coast Guard Support Center, Elizabeth City, North Carolina.  

PubMed

A continuous hanging iron wall was installed in June, 1996, at the U. S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center near Elizabeth City, NC, United States, to treat overlapping plumes of chromate and chlorinated solvent compounds. The wall was emplaced using a continuous trenching machine whereby native soil and aquifer sediment was removed and the iron simultaneously emplaced in one continuous excavation and fill operation. To date, there have been seven rounds (November 1996, March 1997, June 1997, September 1997, December 1997, March 1998, and June 1998) of performance monitoring of the wall. At this time, this is the only full-scale continuous 'hanging' wall installed as a permeable reactive barrier to remediate both chlorinated solvent compounds and chromate in groundwater. Performance monitoring entails the following: sampling of 10-5 cm PVC compliance wells and 15 multi-level samplers for the following constituents: TCE, cis-dichloroethylene (c-DCE), vinyl chloride, ethane, ethene, acetylene, methane, major anions, metals, Cr(VI), Fe(II), total sulfides, dissolved H(2), Eh, pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, alkalinity, and turbidity. Electrical conductivity profiles have been conducted using a Geoprobe to verify emplacement of the continuous wall as designed and to locate upgradient and downgradient wall interfaces for coring purposes. Coring has been conducted in November, 1996, in June and September, 1997, and March, 1998, to evaluate the rate of corrosion on the iron surfaces, precipitate buildup (particularly at the upgradient interface), and permeability changes due to wall emplacement. In addition to several continuous vertical cores, angled cores through the 0.6-m thick wall have been collected to capture upgradient and downgradient wall interfaces along approximate horizontal flow paths for mineralogic analyses. PMID:10518667

Puls, R W; Blowes, D W; Gillham, R W

1999-08-12

169

Bird guard  

DOEpatents

The bird guard provides a device to protect electrical insulators comprising a central shaft; a clamp attached to an end of the shaft to secure the device to a transmission tower; a top and bottom cover to shield transmission tower insulators; and bearings to allow the guard to rotate in order to frighten birds away from the insulators.

Fairchild, Dana M. (Armour, SD) [Armour, SD

2010-03-02

170

Differentiation of commercially important flatfish populations along the Portuguese coast: Evidence from morphology and parasitology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population differentiation of seven flatfish species, Citharus linguatula, Lepidorhombus boscii, Platichthys flesus, Microchirus azevia, Solea lascaris, Solea senegalensis and Solea solea, widely distributed along the eastern north Atlantic and occurring in sympatry along the Portuguese coast was studied using morphological and parasitological data. Fish were obtained from commercial fishing vessels operating in three locations along the Portuguese coast (north,

Joana F. Marques; Célia M. Teixeira; Henrique N. Cabral

2006-01-01

171

76 FR 39245 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Coast...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Coast Guard--008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records; Correction AGENCY...Coast Guard--008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records'' from certain provisions...Coast Guard -008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records'' from certain...

2011-07-06

172

Coasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves as a portal for information pertaining to the coasts of the U.S. The coast page offers an introduction to the nature and importance of our coasts followed by a section that spells out their mission. The site contains a host of active links to other pages which include quick access to coastal information, immediate graphical and tabular water level and meteorological data from NOAA water level stations located at various U.S. coastal locations, real-time water levels, currents, and other oceanographic and meteorological data from bays and harbors, links to U.S. coastal observing systems, NOAA Restoration Center, and NOAA photo galleries. The site also has links to current topics, products such as publications and data bases, and seventeen organizations that are either a part of NOAA or closely aligned.

173

Sound Guard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lubrication technology originally developed for a series of NASA satellites has produced a commercial product for protecting the sound fidelity of phonograph records. Called Sound Guard, the preservative is a spray-on fluid that deposits a microscopically thin protective coating which reduces friction and prevents the hard diamond stylus from wearing away the softer vinyl material of the disc. It is marketed by the Consumer Products Division of Ball Corporation, Muncie, Indiana. The lubricant technology on which Sound Guard is based originated with NASA's Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO), an Earth-orbiting satellite designed and built by Ball Brothers Research Corporation, Boulder, Colorado, also a division of Ball Corporation. Ball Brothers engineers found a problem early in the OSO program: known lubricants were unsuitable for use on satellite moving parts that would be exposed to the vacuum of space for several months. So the company conducted research on the properties of materials needed for long life in space and developed new lubricants. They worked successfully on seven OSO flights and attracted considerable attention among other aerospace contractors. Ball Brothers now supplies its "Vac Kote" lubricants and coatings to both aerospace and non-aerospace industries and the company has produced several hundred variations of the original technology. Ball Corporation expanded its product line to include consumer products, of which Sound Guard is one of the most recent. In addition to protecting record grooves, Sound Guard's anti-static quality also retards particle accumulation on the stylus. During comparison study by a leading U.S. electronic laboratory, a record not treated by Sound Guard had to be cleaned after 50 plays and the stylus had collected a considerable number of small vinyl particles. The Sound Guard-treated disc was still clean after 100 plays, as was its stylus.

1978-01-01

174

Monoclonal antibodies identify common and differentiation-specific antigens on the plasma membrane of guard cells of Vicia faba L  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monoclonal antibodies were raised against the plasma membrane of Vicia faba L. guard cells by immunizing either with total membranes from purified guard-cell protoplasts or with sealed, predominantly right-side-out plasma-membrane vesicles prepared from abaxial epidermes of V. faba by aqueous two-phase partitioning. Hybridoma screening was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using polystyrene-adsorbed plasma-membrane vesicles as solid phase and by indirect

Göran Key; Elmar W. Weiler

1988-01-01

175

3. AERIAL VIEW TO NORTH OF NORTH PART OF COAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. AERIAL VIEW TO NORTH OF NORTH PART OF COAST GUARD AIR STATION SAN FRANCISCO, SHOWING PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS HANGAR IN BACKGROUND. 8X10 black and white silver gelatin print. United States Coast Guard Official Photograph, 12th District, File No. 62751-21 A.S. Date unknown. - U.S. Coast Guard Air Station San Francisco, 1020 North Access Road, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

176

76 FR 27847 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Coast...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Coast Guard--008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office...Coast Guard--008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records'' from certain provisions...Coast Guard--008 Courts Martial Case Files System of Records from one or more...

2011-05-13

177

OnGuard Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the OnGuard website "provides practical tips from the federal government and the technology industry to help you be on guard against Internet fraud, secure your computer, and protect your personal information." Visitors can learn how to avoid online scams, secure their computers, protect kids online and more. On the homepage, users can find useful information divided into subpages for educators, parents, techies, small business owners, the military and kids.

178

49 CFR 213.143 - Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage. 213.143 ...Track Structure § 213.143 Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage. The guard check...frog to the guard line 1 of its guard rail or guarding face, measured across...

2013-10-01

179

49 CFR 213.355 - Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage. 213.355 ...6 and Higher § 213.355 Frog guard rails and guard faces; gage. The guard check...frog to the guard line 1 of its guard rail or guarding face, measured across...

2013-10-01

180

Adhesive Guard Hair Removal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Long hairs of fur pelts known as guard hairs are removed to reveal soft underfur by contacting the pelt with a substrate coated with adhesive and then pulling the substrate away from the pelt. Recoverable or nonrecoverable adhesive systems may be used.

H. E. Hull

1976-01-01

181

Improved table-saw guard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Guard makes lighter contact on materials being sawed. Cuts are better controlled, and damages to fragile foam-type materials are reduced. Overhead support makes it possible to perform slot and step cuts, and thick materials are pushed under guard with less force. Guard is transparent plastic enclosure held by side-attached overhead support arm.

Dunn, B. R.; Zebus, P. P.

1980-01-01

182

Laser beam guard clamps  

DOEpatents

A quick insert and release laser beam guard panel clamping apparatus having a base plate mountable on an optical table, a first jaw affixed to the base plate, and a spring-loaded second jaw slidably carried by the base plate to exert a clamping force. The first and second jaws each having a face acutely angled relative to the other face to form a V-shaped, open channel mouth, which enables wedge-action jaw separation by and subsequent clamping of a laser beam guard panel inserted through the open channel mouth. Preferably, the clamping apparatus also includes a support structure having an open slot aperture which is positioned over and parallel with the open channel mouth.

Dickson, Richard K. (Stockton, CA) [Stockton, CA

2010-09-07

183

Building an FTP guard  

SciTech Connect

Classified designs usually include lesser classified (including unclassified) components. An engineer working on such a design needs access to the various sub-designs at lower classification levels. For simplicity, the problem is presented with only two levels: high and low. If the low-classification component designs are stored in the high network, they become inaccessible to persons working on a low network. In order to keep the networks separate, the component designs may be duplicated in all networks, resulting in a synchronization problem. Alternatively, they may be stored in the low network and brought into the high network when needed. The latter solution results in the use of sneaker-net (copying the files from the low system to a tape and carrying the tape to a high system) or a file transfer guard. This paper shows how an FTP Guard was constructed and implemented without degrading the security of the underlying B3 platform. The paper then shows how the guard can be extended to an FTP proxy server or an HTTP proxy server. The extension is accomplished by allowing the high-side user to select among items that already exist on the low-side. No high-side data can be directly compromised by the extension, but a mechanism must be developed to handle the low-bandwidth covert channel that would be introduced by the application.

Sands, P.D.

1998-08-01

184

Compositional variations and differential diagenesis in Miocene turbidites from the western coast of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Compositional variations and differential diagenesis in Miocene turbidites from the western coast of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) Sonja Felder (1), Hildegard Westphal (1), Axel Munnecke (2), Guillem Mateu Vicens (1,3) (1) MARUM and Department of Geosciences, Universität Bremen, Leobener Straße, 28359 Bremen, Germany (2) GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Loewenichstr. 28, 91054 Erlangen, Germany (3) Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma "La Sapienza", Ple Aldo 7 Moro, 5. I-00185 Roma, Italy Cyclic alternations of limestone and marl beds crop out along the western coast of the Island of Mallorca. This Miocene succession is traditionally interpreted to represent more weathering-resistant turbidites interlayered by softer hemipelagic background sediment. However, the cementation patterns that dominate the appearance of the outcrop do not always consistently follow sedimentary layering; locally the cemented beds are systematically oblique to the sedimentary layers. Compositional studies demonstrate that differences in non-carbonate fraction, carbonate concentration and fossil content (e.g. foraminiferal assemblages) trace sedimentary bedding, regardless the diagenetic style. Limestone versus marl lithology, in contrast, is defined by the diagenetic style, tight cementation by calcite cements in the limestones versus low porosity and compaction in the marls. The reason for this striking pattern of diagenetic bedding cross-cutting sedimentary layers is assumed to be related to tectonic fracturing, opening pathways for diagenetic fluids. This example cautions the straight-forward interpretation of limestone-marl alternations as direct witnesses of environmental or climatic variations.

Felder, Sonja; Westphal, Hildegard; Munnecke, Axel; Mateu Vicens, Guillem

2010-05-01

185

33 CFR 100.1305 - Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...100.1305 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.1305 Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro...

2013-07-01

186

Risking the Guard: Risking America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For over 372 years the citizen soldier has performed his or her duties as a member of a strong and independent National Guard, an organization dedicated to serving its citizens at home and abroad. While the Guard is a vital component of the national secur...

M. Eshelman M. Johnson

2009-01-01

187

INTERIOR RADIO BEACON ROOM, LOOKING NORTHEAST. Oregon Inlet Coast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR RADIO BEACON ROOM, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Oregon Inlet Coast Guard Station, Northern end of Pea Island, East side of State Road 1257, 0.3 mile North of North Carolina Highway 12, Rodanthe, Dare County, NC

188

78 FR 42452 - Safety Zone; Kentucky Air National Guard Vessel for Parachute Rescue Jumpmaster Training, Lake...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...around a training vessel on Lake Erie near Dunkirk, NY. This moving...vessels from a portion of Lake Erie while the Kentucky Air National...Temporary Final Rule A. Regulatory History and Information The Coast Guard...personnel deploying into Lake Erie from the hazards...

2013-07-16

189

33 CFR 100.10 - Coast Guard-State agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS...classes of regatta or marine parade on the navigable...as to insure safety of life. All such agreements...particular regatta or marine parade when he or...

2013-07-01

190

33 CFR 67.50-25 - Eighth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...49â².5 N., longitude 97°01â².2 W., thence to; (xxx) A point on the 10 fathom curve at latitude 27°30â².0 N...41â².1 N., Long. 92°57â².2 W., thence to; (xxx) A point at Lat. 29°44â².6 N., Long....

2013-07-01

191

Coast Guard Evaluation of a Wave Activated Turbine Generator Buoy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Wave activated turbine generator buoys were tested at Chesapeake Light (14 miles off Cape Henry, Virginia) and in Boston Harbor. The buoys were instrumented to record cumulative power generated and later modified to record sea state as well as other varia...

D. J. Hilliker J. W. Cutler W. E. Colburn

1977-01-01

192

75 FR 79956 - Protection for Whistleblowers in the Coast Guard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...evidence of sexual harassment and discrimination, among other subjects. Additionally...of sexual harassment and unlawful discrimination, and gives specific procedural rights...including sexual harassment or unlawful discrimination), gross mismanagement, a...

2010-12-21

193

Coast Guard Proceedings. Volume 70, Number 3, Fall 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Proceedings is published quarterly in the interest of safety at sea under the auspices of the Marine Safety & Security Council. Special permission for republication, either in whole or in part, except for copyrighted material, is not required, provided cr...

2013-01-01

194

46 CFR 50.10-30 - Coast Guard number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Louisville. MEM Memphis. MIA Miami. MIL Milwaukee. MIN Minneapolis. MOB Mobile. MOR Morgan City. NAS Nashville. NEW New Orleans. NYC New York. PAD Paducah. PAT Port Arthur. PHI Philadelphia. PIT...

2013-10-01

195

76 FR 17782 - Protection for Whistleblowers in the Coast Guard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an adverse comment, on this rule. Therefore, the rule will go into effect as scheduled. DATES: The effective date of the direct...adverse comment, on this rulemaking. Therefore the rule will go into effect as scheduled, on April 20, 2011. Dated:...

2011-03-31

196

76 FR 30575 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Marine Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...then transit through the London Bridge Channel. Date...waters of North Lake Havasu, London Bridge Channel and Thompson Bay...Francisco Waterfront to South Tower of Golden Gate Bridge. Regulated The area between...

2011-05-26

197

78 FR 74048 - Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and...

2013-12-10

198

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 1): Otis Air National Guard (USAF), Operable Unit 3, Falmouth, MA, September 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, lies within the boundaries of the towns of Falmouth, Mashpee, Sandwich, and Bourne. The Area of Contamination (AOC) known as Chemical Spill 3 United States Coast Guard (CS-3 (USCG)) is located on Lee Road, in the south central portion of the MMR. The Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) Installation Restoration Program Office at Otis Air National Guard (ANG) Base, Massachusetts.

NONE

1999-03-01

199

33 CFR 334.783 - Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...transiting the restricted area shall proceed across the area by the most direct route and without unnecessary delay. Fishing, trawling, net-fishing and other aquatic activities are prohibited in the restricted area without prior approval from the...

2013-07-01

200

Differential Abundance of Microbial Functional Groups along the Elevation Gradient from the Coast to the Luquillo Mountains  

EPA Science Inventory

Microbial communities respond to multiple abiotic and biotic factors that change along elevation gradients. We compare changes in microbial community composition in soil and review previous research on differential abundance of microbial functional groups along an elevation gradi...

201

29 CFR 1917.151 - Machine guarding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...restoration of power. (7) The power supply to machines shall be turned off, locked...moving parts. (2) Belt, rope and chain drives shall be guarded to prevent employees...parts. (3) Gears, sprockets and chains shall be guarded to prevent...

2013-07-01

202

Task force St. Bernard: operational issues and medical management of a National Guard disaster response operation.  

PubMed

After Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast of the United States on 29 August 2005, it became obvious that the country was facing an enormous national emergency. With local resources overwhelmed, governors across the US responded by deploying thousands of National Guard soldiers and airmen. The National Guard has responded to domestic disasters due to natural hazards since its inception, but an event with the magnitude of Hurricane Katrina was unprecedented. The deployment of >900 Army National Guard soldiers to St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana in the aftermath of the Hurricane was studied to present some of the operational issues involved with providing medical support for this type of operation. In doing so, the authors attempt to address some of the larger issues of how the National Guard can be incorporated into domestic disaster response efforts. A number of unforeseen issues with regards to medical operations, medical supply, communication, preventive medicine, legal issues, and interactions with civilians were encountered and are reviewed. A better understanding of the National Guard and how it can be utilized more effectively in future disaster response operations can be developed. PMID:18087915

Bonnett, Carl J; Schock, Tony R; McVaney, Kevin E; Colwell, Christopher B; Depass, Christopher

2007-01-01

203

Home Guard, Police, and the Social Contract.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishing local security through indigenous security forces or 'Home Guard' programs has proven beneficial in establishing security and separating the civilian population from the insurgents. Joint and Army doctrine provide for host nation government c...

K. S. MacWatters

2011-01-01

204

Livestock Guarding Dogs: Protecting Sheep from Predators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A livestock guarding dog is one that generally stays with sheep without harming them and aggressively repels predators. The dog chooses to remain with sheep because it has been reared from puppyhood with them. Its protective behaviors are largely instinct...

1999-01-01

205

May Air National Guard Industrial Hygiene Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of industrial hygiene evaluations conducted at the May Air National Guard installation. The greatest potential health hazard was ultrasonic degreasing in the Pneudraulics Shop. Recommendations and findings are presented for...

P. Diamond W. B. Lubinsky

1975-01-01

206

49 CFR 213.141 - Self-guarded frogs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Self-guarded frogs. 213.141 Section 213.141 Transportation...Track Structure § 213.141 Self-guarded frogs. (a) The raised guard on a self-guarded frog shall not be worn more than...

2013-10-01

207

33 CFR 143.110 - Guards and rails.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Guards and rails. 143.110 Section 143.110 Navigation...OCS Facilities § 143.110 Guards and rails. (a) Except for helicopter landing...openings shall be rimmed with guards and rails or wire mesh fence. The guard rail...

2013-07-01

208

Sandy Coasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Waves play a major role in breaking down and building up coastline features. But other factors, including tides, currents, and sediment type, also determine how erosional and depositional processes shape coastlines. This interactive feature introduces viewers to the landforms and features associated with sandy coasts. Typically located on passive margins in areas characterized by low wave energy, a wide continental shelf, and high offshore sediment influence, they develop depositional features such as extensive beaches and dunes, barrier islands, and sand spits.

2011-02-17

209

Independent Testing and Integration of the Network Management Guard Proxy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document provides an overview of the network management guard/ proxy. The network management guard/proxy is a modified firewall that sits between two networks of different classification levels. This modified firewall is used to provide network monito...

A. Hovak J. Riolo

2002-01-01

210

30 CFR 57.12080 - Bare conductor guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Underground Only § 57.12080 Bare conductor guards. Trolley wires and bare power conductors shall be guarded...

2013-07-01

211

Livestock Guarding Dogs: Protecting Your Sheep.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video examines the problem of predation and takes a look at one approach to cutting down losses that occur each year by using special breeds of guarding dogs. The video provides helpful advice about purchasing and raising dogs, training and caring for...

1994-01-01

212

29 CFR 1917.151 - Machine guarding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and hand-fed circular crosscut table saws. Unless fixed or manually adjustable...and hand-fed circular crosscut table saws shall be guarded as follows to keep employees...completely enclosing those portions of the saw above the table and the material...

2010-07-01

213

29 CFR 1917.151 - Machine guarding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and hand-fed circular crosscut table saws. Unless fixed or manually adjustable...and hand-fed circular crosscut table saws shall be guarded as follows to keep employees...completely enclosing those portions of the saw above the table and the material...

2009-07-01

214

Schools Wrestle with Issue of Armed Guards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the March 21, 2005, shootings at Red Lake High School that brought to light an issue of whether school security personnel should be armed. Among the what-ifs being asked after the shootings at Red Lake High is one with uncomfortable implications for many school leaders: What if the two security guards posted near the…

Trotter, Andrew

2005-01-01

215

New Guard: A Service-Equivalent Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis proposes that the National Guard is a service-equivalent force that requires expanded authorities to develop capabilities for its dual- role mission. The paper provides an in-depth analysis of the historical role of the colonial militia and it...

J. E. Scalf

2012-01-01

216

Evaluation of RAPD-PCR and protein profile analysis to differentiate Vibrio harveyi strains prevalent along the southwest coast of India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty five isolates of Vibrio harveyi were subjected to random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR analysis and protein profiling to investigate the genetic variability\\u000a among V. harveyi prevalent along the coast and also assess the discriminating ability of these two molecular methods. A total of 10 RAPD primers\\u000a were assayed for their specificity in detecting V. harveyi, of which only two

Biswajit Maiti; Malathi Shekar; Rekha Khushiramani; Iddya Karunasagar; Indrani Karunasagar

2009-01-01

217

75 FR 18449 - Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon and Washington; Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2008-1017] RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon...Guard proposes to change the Regulated Navigation Area (RNA) covering the Umpqua River...not include those waters between ``Navigation Aid Number 8'' and...

2010-04-12

218

The Guarding Problem - Complexity and Approximation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Let G = (V, E) be the given graph and G R = (V R ,E R ) and G C = (V C ,E C ) be the sub graphs of G such that V R ? V C = ? and V R ? V C = V. G C is referred to as the cops region and G R is called as the robber region. Initially a robber is placed at some vertex of V R and the cops are placed at some vertices of V C . The robber and cops may move from their current vertices to one of their neighbours. While a cop can move only within the cops region, the robber may move to any neighbour. The robber and cops move alternatively. A vertex v ? V C is said to be attacked if the current turn is the robber's turn, the robber is at vertex u where u ? V R , (u,v) ? E and no cop is present at v. The guarding problem is to find the minimum number of cops required to guard the graph G C from the robber's attack. We first prove that the decision version of this problem when G R is an arbitrary undirected graph is PSPACE-hard. We also prove that the complexity of the decision version of the guarding problem when G R is a wheel graph is NP-hard. We then present approximation algorithms if G R is a star graph, a clique and a wheel graph with approximation ratios H(n 1), 2 H(n 1) and left( H(n1) + 3/2 right) respectively, where H(n1) = 1 + 1/2 + ... + 1/n1 and n 1 = ? V R ?.

Reddy, T. V. Thirumala; Krishna, D. Sai; Rangan, C. Pandu

219

A constraint-based approach to guarded algebraic data types  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study HMG(X), an extension of the constraint-based type system HM(X) with deep pat- tern matching, polymorphic recursion, and guarded algebraic data types. Guarded algebraic data types subsume the concepts known in the literature as indexed types, guarded recursive datatype constructors, (first-class) phantom types, and equality qualified types, and are closely related to inductive types. Their characteristic property is to

Vincent Simonet; François Pottier

2007-01-01

220

RoboGuard, a teleoperated mobile security robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

The so-called RoboGuard is a mobile security device which is tightly integrated into the existing surveillance framework developed and marketed by Quadrox, a Belgian SME. RoboGuards are semi-autonomous mobile robots providing video streams via wireless Intranet-connections to existing watchguard systems, supplemented by various basic and optional behaviors. RoboGuards fill several market niches. Especially, they are a serious alternative to the

Andreas Birk; Holger Kenn

2002-01-01

221

Credit BG. View looking north northeast at Guard House and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Credit BG. View looking north northeast at Guard House and entrance to Building 4505 complex. This Guard House was built in 1993 as a portable unit; it replaced an older structure. The Building 4505 complex is surrounded by a security fence. Building 4496 appears to immediate right of view - Edwards Air Force Base, North Base, Guard House, Northeast of A Street, Boron, Kern County, CA

222

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

223

Self-Aligned Guard Rings For Schottky-Barrier Diodes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proposed self-aligned guard ring increases active area of Schottky-barrier infrared detector. Concept developed for silicide Schottky-barrier diodes in which platinum silicide or iridium silicide Schottky-contacts provide cutoff wavelengths of about 6 or 10 micrometers. Grid of silicon dioxide doped with phosphorus etched on silicon wafer, and phosphorus from grid diffused into substrate, creating n-type guard rings. Silicide layers formed in open areas of grid. Overlap of guard rings and silicide layers small.

Lin, True-Lon

1990-01-01

224

View of commissary, central guard tower, and cell block five, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of commissary, central guard tower, and cell block five, looking from the chapel stairs, facing southeast - Eastern State Penitentiary, 2125 Fairmount Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

225

Protocol: optimised electrophyiological analysis of intact guard cells from Arabidopsis  

PubMed Central

Genetic resources available for Arabidopsis thaliana make this species particularly attractive as a model for molecular genetic studies of guard cell homeostasis, transport and signalling, but this facility is not matched by accessible tools for quantitative analysis of transport in the intact cell. We have developed a reliable set of procedures for voltage clamp analysis of guard cells from Arabidopsis leaves. These procedures greatly simplify electrophysiological recordings, extending the duration of measurements and scope for analysis of the predominant K+ and anion channels of intact stomatal guard cells to that achieved previously in work with Vicia and tobacco guard cells.

2012-01-01

226

The effectiveness of shin guards used by football players.  

PubMed

In football, injuries from opponent contact occur commonly in the lower extremities. FIFA the world's governing body for football requires players to wear shin guards. The aim of this study was to compare the protective effectiveness of polypropylene based shin guards with custom-made carbon fiber ones. Three commercial polypropylene shin guards (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) and two custom-made carbon fiber shin guards were examined. The experimental setup had the following parts: 1) A pendulum attached a load cell at the tip (CAS Corp., Korea) and a fixed prosthetic foot equipped with a cleat to simulate an attacker's foot. 2) An artificial tibia prepared by condensed foam and reinforced by carbon fibers protected with soft clothing. 3) A multifunctional sensor system (Tekscan Corp., F-Socket System, Turkey) to record the impact on the tibia. In the low impact force trials, only 2.79-9.63 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. When comparing for mean force, peak force and impulse, both carbon fiber shin guards performed better than the commercial ones (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) (p = 0.000). Based on these same parameters, the Nike Mercurial™ provided better protection than the Adidas Predator™ and the Adidas UCL™ (p = 0.000). In the high impact force trials, only 5.16-10.90 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. For peak force and impulse, the carbon fiber shin guards provided better protection than all the others. Carbon fiber shin guards possess protective qualities superior to those of commercial polypropylene shin guards. Key PointsShin guards decrease the risk of serious injuries.Carbon shin guards provide sufficient protection against high impact forces.Commercially available Polypropylene based shin guards do not provide sufficient protection against high impact forces. PMID:24570615

Tatar, Yasar; Ramazanoglu, Nusret; Camliguney, Asiye Filiz; Saygi, Evrim Karadag; Cotuk, Hasan Birol

2014-01-01

227

Constraint-Based Type Inference for Guarded Algebraic Data Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guarded algebraic data types, which subsume the concepts known in the literature as indexed types, guarded recursive datatype constructors, and phantom types, and are closely related to inductive types, have the distinguishing feature that, when typechecking a function defined by cases, every branch must be checked under different typing assumptions. This mechanism allows exploiting the presence of dynamic tests in

Vincent Simonet; François Pottier

2003-01-01

228

Self-guarding Schottky barrier infrared detector array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A two dimensional focal plane array of Schottky photodiodes on a silicon substrate for infrared imaging is presented. The array is designed for mating with multiplexing circuitry and has a self-guarding feature wherein adjacent Schottky electrodes act as guard electrodes. This feature allows a substantial increase of the focal plane area coverage ratio.

Shepherd, F. D., Jr.; Pellegrini, P. W.; Ludington, C. E.; Weeks, M. M.

1985-07-01

229

FIRE STATION AND GUARD HOUSE, PLANS AND DETAILS. Plan No. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FIRE STATION AND GUARD HOUSE, PLANS AND DETAILS. Plan No. 6754-319, dated August 1, 1933. Construction Division, Office of the Constructing Quartermaster - Hamilton Field, Fire Station & Guard House, Southwest corner of Seventh Street & Hangar Avenue, Novato, Marin County, CA

230

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House with Communication Center in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1940 architectural drawings by Construction Division, Office of the Quartermaster General) EXTERIOR AND MISCELLANEOUS DETAILS - MacDill Air Force Base, Fire & Guard House, 2709 Florida Keys Avenue, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

231

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House with Communication Center in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1940 architectural drawings by Construction Division, Office of the Quartermaster General) FRONT ELEVATION DETAILS - MacDill Air Force Base, Fire & Guard House, 2709 Florida Keys Avenue, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

232

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House with Communication Center in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1940 architectural drawings by Construction Division, Office of the Quartermaster General) ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS - MacDill Air Force Base, Fire & Guard House, 2709 Florida Keys Avenue, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

233

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House with Communication Center in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1940 architectural drawings by Construction Division, Office of the Quartermaster General) FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR AND ROOF PLANS - MacDill Air Force Base, Fire & Guard House, 2709 Florida Keys Avenue, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

234

FIRE STATION AND GUARD HOUSE, ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS, AND DETAILS. Plan ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FIRE STATION AND GUARD HOUSE, ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS, AND DETAILS. Plan No. 6754-320, dated August 1, 1933. Constructing Division, Office of the Constructing Quartermaster - Hamilton Field, Fire Station & Guard House, Southwest corner of Seventh Street & Hangar Avenue, Novato, Marin County, CA

235

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing (original drawing of Fire and Guard House with Communication Center in possession of MacDill Air Force Base, Civil Engineering, Tampa, Florida; 1940 architectural drawings by Construction Division, Office of the Quartermaster General) CELL BLOCK DETAILS - MacDill Air Force Base, Fire & Guard House, 2709 Florida Keys Avenue, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL

236

Dynamic Guard Bandwidth Scheme for Wireless Broadband Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In future wireless broadband networks, bandwidth demands could fluctuate abruptly due to movement of high data rate users. Dynamic bandwidth reservation plays a key rule in ensuring that mobile calls are not disrupted after they are admitted into the network. We propose a dynamic guard bandwidth scheme that adapts the amount of guard bandwidth in both wired and wireless links

Wee-seng Soh; Hyong S. Kim

2001-01-01

237

LG-GUARD for missile defense and offence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

LG-GUARD employs a hierarchy of multi-resolution games (LG hypergame) to represent various areas of operations at different levels of detail. LG-GUARD includes a full implementation of advanced fire control by dynamic preemptive control of sensor-to-shooter and shooter-to-target pairing. However, the greatest advantage of LG-GUARD is a fast planning and re-planning based on the Linguistic Geometry (LG) approach. This ability allows LG-GUARD to generate COA aiming to achieve the commander"s intent for the entire operation, vs. an ability to shoot as many targets as possible at each snapshot of a battle. LG-GUARD operates in two modes. The Planning Mode (long range planning) enabled LG-GUARD to automatically select best types, quantities, and locations for defensive assets from the entire area permitted for the operations of the Blue side to achieve a given probability of success (with as little total opportunity cost as possible). After selection and turning to the Engagement Mode (short range planning), LG-GUARD generates the best courses of action for all sides of the most probable operation (which involves defensive assets selected in the Planning Mode). The capabilities of LG-GUARD are shown in this paper by describing two kinds of scenarios, those executable now and those to be executable in the near future.

Stilman, Boris; Yakhnis, Vladimir; Umanskiy, Oleg

2003-09-01

238

Shoplifter faces 27 years in prison for biting security guard.  

PubMed

A Pennsylvania man was sentenced to 13.5 to 27 years in prison following a biting incident after he was caught shoplifting at a Wal-Mart. [Name removed] was convicted of aggravated assault for attempting to inflict serious bodily harm on a security guard by "knowingly exposing her to an infectious disease". [Name removed] bit the guard who detained him and told the guard repeatedly that he had AIDS. A blood test later confirmed his HIV status. The prosecution argued that the guard did not have to show that she had a serious injury, only that [name removed] had placed her at risk. The prosecutor and defense attorneys had earlier agreed to a plea bargain with a sentence of no more than 27 months, but the judge rejected the plea, citing the seriousness of the offense and the defendant's long criminal record. The guard has tested negative. PMID:11366397

1999-03-01

239

Rivers and Coasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information about rivers, coasts, and the processes affecting them. Students can view an animation of the water cycle, read about how rivers and coasts change, learn about estuaries, and view information on how rivers, coasts, and other water features influence people's lives. Glossaries and a teacher's page offering lesson plans, worksheets, and links to additional sites are also provided.

240

Differentiation of flea communities infesting small mammals across selected habitats of the Baltic coast, central lowlands, and southern mountains of Poland.  

PubMed

Only a few studies comparing flea composition on the coast and in the mountains have been conducted. We investigated differences in flea communities infesting small mammals in selected habitats in northern, central, and southern Poland. We predicted (1) a greater number of flea species in the southeastern Poland and a lower number in the north, (2) a greater number of flea species in fertile and wet habitats than in poor and arid habitats, and (3) a low similarity of flea species between flea communities in western and eastern Poland. We found a negative effect of increasing latitude on flea species richness. We suppose that the mountains providing a variety of environments and the limits of the geographic ranges of several flea subspecies in southeastern Poland result in a higher number of flea species. There was a positive effect of increasing wetness of habitat on flea species richness. We found a high diversity in flea species composition between western and eastern Poland (beta diversity?=?11) and between central and eastern Poland (beta diversity?=?12). Re-colonization of Poland by small mammals and their ectoparasites from different (western and eastern) refugees can affect on this high diversity of flea species. PMID:24619068

Kowalski, Krzysztof; Eichert, Urszula; Bogdziewicz, Micha?; Rychlik, Leszek

2014-05-01

241

Physiology and Regulation of Calcium Channels in Stomatal Guard Cells  

SciTech Connect

Stomatal pores in the epidermis of leaves regulate the diffusion of CO2 into leaves for photosynthetic carbon fixation and control water loss of plants during drought periods. Guard cells sense CO2, water status, light and other environmental conditions to regulate stomatal apertures for optimization of CO2 intake and plant growth under drought stress. The cytosolic second messenger calcium contributes to stomatal movements by transducing signals and regulating ion channels in guard cells. Studies suggest that both plasma membrane Ca2+ influx channels and vacuolar/organellar Ca2+ release channels contribute to ABA-induced Ca2+ elevations in guard cells. Recent research in the P.I.'s laboratory has led to identification of a novel major cation-selective Ca2+-permeable influx channel (Ica) in the plasma membrane of Arabidopsis guard cells. These advances will allow detailed characterization of Ica plasma membrane Ca2+ influx channels in guard cells. The long term goal of this research project is to gain a first detailed characterization of these novel plasma membrane Ca2+-permeable channel currents in Arabidopsis guard cells. The proposed research will investigate the hypothesis that Ica represents an important Ca2+ influx pathway for ABA and CO2 signal transduction in Arabidopsis guard cells. These studies will lead to elucidation of key signal transduction mechanisms by which plants balance CO2 influx into leaves and transpirational water loss and may contribute to future strategies for manipulating gas exchange for improved growth of crop plants and for biomass production.

Schroeder, Julian I.

2007-05-02

242

77 FR 15600 - Special Local Regulation; Emerald Coast Super Boat Grand Prix; Saint Andrew Bay; Panama City, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Super Boat Grand Prix; Saint Andrew Bay; Panama City, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...regulation for a portion of Saint Andrew Bay, Panama City, FL. This action is necessary for...speed boat race on Saint Andrew Bay, Panama City, FL on May 6, 2012. This...

2012-03-16

243

Exploring emergent properties in cellular homeostasis using OnGuard to model K+ and other ion transport in guard cells.  

PubMed

It is widely recognized that the nature and characteristics of transport across eukaryotic membranes are so complex as to defy intuitive understanding. In these circumstances, quantitative mathematical modeling is an essential tool, both to integrate detailed knowledge of individual transporters and to extract the properties emergent from their interactions. As the first, fully integrated and quantitative modeling environment for the study of ion transport dynamics in a plant cell, OnGuard offers a unique tool for exploring homeostatic properties emerging from the interactions of ion transport, both at the plasma membrane and tonoplast in the guard cell. OnGuard has already yielded detail sufficient to guide phenotypic and mutational studies, and it represents a key step toward 'reverse engineering' of stomatal guard cell physiology, based on rational design and testing in simulation, to improve water use efficiency and carbon assimilation. Its construction from the HoTSig libraries enables translation of the software to other cell types, including growing root hairs and pollen. The problems inherent to transport are nonetheless challenging, and are compounded for those unfamiliar with conceptual 'mindset' of the modeler. Here we set out guidelines for the use of OnGuard and outline a standardized approach that will enable users to advance quickly to its application both in the classroom and laboratory. We also highlight the uncanny and emergent property of OnGuard models to reproduce the 'communication' evident between the plasma membrane and tonoplast of the guard cell. PMID:24268743

Blatt, Michael R; Wang, Yizhou; Leonhardt, Nathalie; Hills, Adrian

2014-05-15

244

Exploring emergent properties in cellular homeostasis using OnGuard to model K+ and other ion transport in guard cells???  

PubMed Central

It is widely recognized that the nature and characteristics of transport across eukaryotic membranes are so complex as to defy intuitive understanding. In these circumstances, quantitative mathematical modeling is an essential tool, both to integrate detailed knowledge of individual transporters and to extract the properties emergent from their interactions. As the first, fully integrated and quantitative modeling environment for the study of ion transport dynamics in a plant cell, OnGuard offers a unique tool for exploring homeostatic properties emerging from the interactions of ion transport, both at the plasma membrane and tonoplast in the guard cell. OnGuard has already yielded detail sufficient to guide phenotypic and mutational studies, and it represents a key step toward ‘reverse engineering’ of stomatal guard cell physiology, based on rational design and testing in simulation, to improve water use efficiency and carbon assimilation. Its construction from the HoTSig libraries enables translation of the software to other cell types, including growing root hairs and pollen. The problems inherent to transport are nonetheless challenging, and are compounded for those unfamiliar with conceptual ‘mindset’ of the modeler. Here we set out guidelines for the use of OnGuard and outline a standardized approach that will enable users to advance quickly to its application both in the classroom and laboratory. We also highlight the uncanny and emergent property of OnGuard models to reproduce the ‘communication’ evident between the plasma membrane and tonoplast of the guard cell.

Blatt, Michael R.; Wang, Yizhou; Leonhardt, Nathalie; Hills, Adrian

2014-01-01

245

78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the special local regulation for the St. John 4th of July Carnival Fireworks Display from 8 p.m. until 10 p.m. on July 4...special local regulation for the annual St. John 4th of July Carnival Fireworks Display in 33 CFR 100.701, Table 1, and the...

2013-06-28

246

77 FR 16929 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays within the Fifth Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Chincoteague Channel Chincoteague, VA, within a 360 yard radius of the Safety Zone. fireworks launch location at the Chincoteague carnival waterfront in approximate position latitude 37[deg]55'40.3'' N, longitude 075[deg]23'10.7'' W,...

2012-03-23

247

76 FR 66239 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays Within the Fifth Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Chincoteague Channel Chincoteague, VA, within a 360 yard radius of the Safety Zone. fireworks launch location at the Chincoteague carnival waterfront in approximate position latitude 37[deg]55'40.3'' N, longitude 075[deg]23'10.7'' W,...

2011-10-26

248

United States Coast Guard AtoN battery scientific assessment. Final report, October 1993December 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

The USCG maintains about 12,000 fixed lighted aids to navigation (AtoNs). Historically, many of these lights were powered by primary batteries containing small amounts of mercury. These batteries were sometimes disposed of at the AtoN sites. The assessment of the potential impact of the mercury, as well as lead, zinc, and copper from these batteries was performed at five aquatic

J. Maughan; S. Borener

1997-01-01

249

46 CFR 11.309 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of this section shall communicate his or her conclusions to the Commanding Officer, National Maritime Center, NMC-42, 100 Forbes Drive, Martinsburg WV 25404, within 1 month of the completion of the evaluation or the monitoring. (12) Each...

2009-10-01

250

46 CFR 12.03-1 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of this section shall communicate his or her conclusions to the Commanding Officer, National Maritime Center, NMC-2, 100 Forbes Drive, Martinsburg, West Virginia 25404, within 1 month of the completion or the evaluation of the monitoring....

2009-10-01

251

46 CFR 12.03-1 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...specific knowledge, skills, and abilities, and that include criteria...specific knowledge, skills, and abilities stated in the training objectives...of knowledge, skills, and abilities described in the training...non-maritime education, such as mathematics or first aid, nor a...

2010-10-01

252

46 CFR 11.309 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...specific knowledge, skills, and abilities, and that include criteria...specific knowledge, skills, and abilities stated in the training objectives...of knowledge, skills, and abilities described in the training...nonmaritime education, such as mathematics or first aid, nor a...

2010-10-01

253

A Model for an Operational Audit of United States Coast Guard Non-Appropriated Fund Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Operational auditing is briefly described through an analysis of its development, nature, and the relationship between the author's qualifications and the purpose of an operational audit. Standards developed by the General Accounting Office for an operati...

P. A. Dufresne

1980-01-01

254

33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Connecticut: 7.10 July 3rd Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music, Inc. Time: 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. Location...during the First week of August Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music Inc....

2009-07-01

255

Wave Power for U.S. Coast Guard First District Lighthouses  

SciTech Connect

Lighthouses and other navigational aids are situated near tumultuous seas and thus may be good candidates for early applications of wave energy conversion technologies. This paper describes gravity wave physics and the characteristics of mechanical radiation (growth, propagation, diffraction, and shoaling).

Walker, A.; Kandt, A.; Heimiller, D.

2006-01-01

256

33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Inc Lower Mississippi River, Natchez, MS Regulated Area: Lower Mississippi River, mile marker 363.0 to 405.0, Natchez, MS. 85 3 1st of January Ski Freeze... Lower Mississippi River, Vicksburg, MS Regulated Area: Lower Mississippi...

2012-07-01

257

Experimental Investigation on Stern-Boat Deployment System for Coast Guard Ship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stern boat deployment system was investigated to evaluate the capability of launching and recovering RHIB via the stern ramp. The main parameters to launch and recover RHIB were tested at the design stage. The combined hydrodynamic effect of the stern wake and the water jet flow made it difficult to maintain the maneuvering and sea- keeping ability of RHIB

K. H. Jung; H. H. Chun; M. C. Kim; I. Lee; K. W. Lee; T. W. Lim; J. K. Lee; K. Kim; S. Yoon; Y. H. Ryoo

258

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Positioning System Information Center (GPSIC) was created to provide civil users of the Global Positioning System with timely system status and other GPS satellite information. The GPSIC began providing basic services on a test and evaluation basis in March 1990. Since then we have improved these services, formalized the information gathering processes, and expanded GPSIC operations to meet GPS user needs. The GPSIC serves as a central point of contact for civil users to make their interests and needs known to the system operator, the Department of Defense (DOD) under the management of the U.S. Air Force. The GPSIC provides GPS information to civil users through Operational Advisory Broadcasts (OAB) containing GPS performance data. The OABs are disseminated through numerous sources including 24 hour access to a voice telephone recording and a computer bulletin board system (BBS). The GPSIC staff also responds to individual user inquiries, comments, or concerns about civil access to and use of the GPS during normal working hours. This paper provides an overview of the Civil GPS Service as well as the details of the type of information and services that are available through the GPSIC and how they can be obtained. It will also address the future expansion of GPSIC responsibilities.

Barndt, Luann

1992-01-01

259

Coast Guard/NOAA/NASA Great Lakes Project Icewarn. [ice mapping for winter navigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operational feasibility of using remote sensing to provide all weather ice formation for Great Lakes winter navigation is explored. A combination airborne pulsed radar system to measure actual ice thickness, a satellite data link system, and a hand drawn interpretive ice chart proved valuable for extending winter navigation through the icepack.

Brennan, T. D.; Gedney, R. T.

1975-01-01

260

Inland Waters Night Lighting Configurations: A Navigation Rules Course for Coast Guard Auxiliarists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project developed a training program to teach boaters to recognize and interpret properly the lights of other vessels in nighttime or other reduced visibility conditions in the inland waters of the United States. The project followed the Instructional Systems Design model in the development of the course. The target population were members of…

Griffiths, Gregory Peter

261

Evaluating Cost-alignment Alternatives in Support of a Coast Guard Arctic Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arctic Ocean is warming, creating challenges and opportunities for the United States in this strategically important region. U.S. policymakers have charged the interagency community to assess and prepare. The Department of Defense (DoD) has determined...

M. W. Glander

2013-01-01

262

46 CFR 12.03-1 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...described in the training objectives. (4) Neither a specialist in a particular field of non-maritime education, such as mathematics or first aid, nor a person with at least 3 years of service as a member of the Armed Forces of the United States,...

2013-10-01

263

33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Memorial Day Weekend Name: Hull Memorial Day Festival.Sponsor: Town of Hull. Time: 8 p.m. to 10 p...200 yards off Nantasket Beach, Hull, MA. June Maine: 6...Stamford Fireworks.Sponsor: City of Stamford. Time: 8...

2010-07-01

264

33 CFR 100.701 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...each vessel. COTP Zone Key West January 1st Blessing of the Fleet Islamorada Charter Boat Assn From Whale Harbor Channel to Whale Harbor Bridge, Islamorada, Florida. January through April—last Monday or Tuesday Wreckers Cup...

2011-07-01

265

33 CFR 100.701 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...each vessel. COTP Zone Key West January 1st Blessing of the Fleet Islamorada Charter Boat Assn From Whale Harbor Channel to Whale Harbor Bridge, Islamorada, Florida. January through April—last Monday or Tuesday Wreckers Cup...

2012-07-01

266

33 CFR 173.81 - Coast Guard forms for numbering and casualty reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or renewal must be made on two-part Form CG-3876 and 3876A, Application for Number...by § 173.29(b) must be made on Form CG- 2921, Notification of Change in Status...by § 173.29(a) must be made on Form CG- 3920, Change of Address Notice....

2013-07-01

267

76 FR 7131 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...revised to conform existing regulatory language for regulations establishing permanent...conjunction with baseball season home games. Date............................. All season home games at AT&T Park....

2011-02-09

268

Central power generation system for U. S. Coast Guard polar icebreakers  

SciTech Connect

One of the more important decisions in overall ship design is the selection of the propulsion plant type, a consideration of particular significance for a polar class icebreaker. Propeller interactions with huge fragments of broken ice place added emphasis on the drive train's ability to operate and survive in an environment where rescue is difficult, dangerous and therefore costly, if not impossible. This paper describes the application of a new type opf diesel electric machinery plant which is similar to these installed by other icebreaking nations of the world and which includes several features to correct certain troublesome problems experienced by their designs. The machinery plant presented improves on, but does not strain or surpass the current state of the art. The basic cutter configuration and certain auxiliary systems of interest are also described.

Wilkerson, L.A.; Davis, C.W.

1989-05-01

269

Central power generation system for U. S. Coast Guard polar icebreakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the more important decisions in overall ship design is the selection of the propulsion plant type, a consideration of particular significance for a polar class icebreaker. Propeller interactions with huge fragments of broken ice place added emphasis on the drive train's ability to operate and survive in an environment where rescue is difficult, dangerous and therefore costly, if

LARRY A. WILKERSON; CLAYTON W. DAVIS

1989-01-01

270

33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Connecticut: 7.14 July 3rd Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music, Inc. Time: 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p...during the First week of August Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music Inc....

2000-07-01

271

33 CFR 165.1711 - Security Zones; Waters of the Seventeenth Coast Guard District  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...vesselâ) means any vessel owned or operated by the Alaska Marine Highway System, including, but not limited to: M/V AURORA, M/V CHENEGA, M/V COLUMBIA, M/V FAIRWEATHER, M/V KENNICOTT, M/V LECONTE, M/V LITUYA, M/V MALASPINA,...

2013-07-01

272

Engage the Media: The Coast Guard's Public Affairs Posture during the Response to Hurricane Katrina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During a crisis, one of the most important actions a government (specifically the federal executive branch) should take is to inform the public about the actions being taken to resolve the crisis, or to inform them about the steps they should take to prot...

M. L. Austin

2007-01-01

273

76 FR 35169 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...raise-of-grade licenses and certificates of registry. However, subsequent...concern over the allowance of birth certificates and foreign passports as allowable...legacy license, MMD and/or Certificate of Registry as well as a...

2011-06-16

274

77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...waters; it would be impracticable to delay the exercise to allow for a comment period...waters; it would be impracticable to delay this important exercise to allow for a...surface vessels, smoke machines, and pyrotechnics. Blank ammunition, flares and LA51...

2012-05-07

275

33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Race Sponsor: Dynamic Events and Management. Date: The 1st weekend in August...Rowing Race Sponsor: Dynamic Events & Management. Date: The 4th Weekend in August...Fireworks Festival Sponsor: Alton Exposition Commission. Dates: Either the...

2011-07-01

276

33 CFR 100.501 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Fifth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Swim and Triathlon Nanticoke River Swim and Triathlon, Inc All waters of the Nanticoke River, including Bivalve Channel and Bivalve Harbor, bounded by a line drawn from a point on the shoreline at latitude 38°18â²00â³ N, longitude 075°54â²00â³ W,...

2010-07-01

277

77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...which involve fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, pyrotechnics, and other elements which could create safety concerns for...include fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, and pyrotechnics. Blank ammunition, flares and LA51 warning munitions...

2012-10-05

278

76 FR 30584 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and...

2011-05-26

279

78 FR 8027 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...which involve fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, pyrotechnics, and other elements which could create safety concerns for...include fast moving surface vessels, smoke machines, and pyrotechnics. Blank ammunition, flares and LA51 warning munitions...

2013-02-05

280

76 FR 50669 - Safety Zones; Eleventh Coast Guard District Annual Fireworks Events  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and during...launch barge during the loading of pyrotechnics aboard the fireworks barge and...

2011-08-16

281

33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Connecticut: 7.14 July 3rd Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music, Inc. Time: 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p...during the First week of August Name: Summer Music Fireworks.Sponsor: Summer Music Inc....

2004-07-01

282

33 CFR 165.506 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays in the Fifth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Zone 1. July 4th North Atlantic Ocean, Bethany Beach, DE, Safety Zone The waters of the North Atlantic Ocean within a 500 yard radius of the fireworks...W. 3. July 4th North Atlantic Ocean, Rehoboth Beach, DE,...

2013-07-01

283

33 CFR 100.701 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regatta Lauderdale Yacht Club Atlantic Ocean .5 nautical mile offshore from...International Productions, Inc Atlantic Ocean offshore Fort Lauderdale...International Productions, Inc Atlantic Ocean offshore Hallandale...

2013-07-01

284

78 FR 67026 - Special Local Regulations; Recurring Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pertaining to the Key West World Championship in the Atlantic Ocean, off Key West, FL from 9:30 a.m. until 4...areas. The event will be held on the waters of the Atlantic Ocean located southwest of Key West, Florida....

2013-11-08

285

77 FR 65815 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Seventh Coast Guard District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Special Local Regulations in the Atlantic Ocean, off the tip of Key West, on...will be held on the waters of the Atlantic Ocean located southwest of Key West...encompass certain waters of the Atlantic Ocean located southwest of Key...

2012-10-31

286

33 CFR 100.501 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Fifth Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OPA) The waters of the Atlantic Ocean, adjacent to Atlantic City, New...Racing Assn The waters of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by a line drawn from a position along the shoreline...of Commerce The waters of the Atlantic Ocean, adjacent to Atlantic City, New Jersey, bounded by a...

2013-07-01

287

Automated Clothing Size Determination for U.S. Coast Guard Recruits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Anthropometric Measuring System (AMS) is a mechanical and electronic hardware and software system for obtaining human body measurements and determining appropriate clothing sizes based on those measurements. A field evaluation of the AMS was conducted...

D. Brantley

2001-01-01

288

Security enhancement subproject: Protected area guard towers. Final environmental assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas proposes to design and construct four (4) reinforced concrete guard tower stations, access roads, and associated sitework in Zones 4 and 12 on the Pantex Plant property. Construction for this proposed project would begi...

1992-01-01

289

6. Historic American Buildings Survey GUARD ROOM INTERIOR, LOOKING TOWARDS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey GUARD ROOM INTERIOR, LOOKING TOWARDS SOUTH CELL BLOCK Lanny Miyamoto, Photographer October 1958 - Baltimore City Jail, 801 Van Buren & East Madison Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

290

View of the southwest guard tower, cell blocks seven and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of the southwest guard tower, cell blocks seven and eight, administration building west tower, and Fairmount Avenue, looking from the administration building facing west - Eastern State Penitentiary, 2125 Fairmount Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

291

Perspectives on Suicide in the Army National Guard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Suicides in the US military were observed rising in 2004, most notably in the Army and Marine Corps, and particularly, in the Army National Guard (ARNG). Alarmed, Army leaders and researchers have offered various explanations and prescriptions, often lack...

J. Griffith M. Vaitkus

2013-01-01

292

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF CORRIDOR, LOOKING WEST TOWARDS GUARD ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF CORRIDOR, LOOKING WEST TOWARDS GUARD ROOM - Fort McCoy, Building No. T-449, West Side of East Twelfth Avenue, Approximately 300' South of East Twelfth Street & East "I" Street, Sparta, Monroe County, WI

293

5. INTERIOR VIEW OF GUARD ROOM, LOOKING WEST Fort ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW OF GUARD ROOM, LOOKING WEST - Fort McCoy, Building No. T-449, West Side of East Twelfth Avenue, Approximately 300' South of East Twelfth Street & East "I" Street, Sparta, Monroe County, WI

294

15. PLAN OF OFFICE, DETAILS, FIXED WINDOW GUARDS, SHEET NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. PLAN OF OFFICE, DETAILS, FIXED WINDOW GUARDS, SHEET NO. 1-10-39/10 OF 12. - Oakland Army Base, Warehouse Type, Tobruk Street, between Warehouse Road & Fifteenth Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

295

11. REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB ROOF, GUARD RAIL AT CENTER, VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB ROOF, GUARD RAIL AT CENTER, VIEW TOWARDS NORTHWEST. - Glenn L. Martin Company, Titan Missile Test Facilities, Captive Test Stand D-1, Waterton Canyon Road & Colorado Highway 121, Lakewood, Jefferson County, CO

296

Issues Related to Choosing a Guard Force Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment of a federal security force has been suggested as an additional step to protect nuclear material. The force would be given the responsibility for guarding nuclear facilities and shipments of nuclear materials. A study to identify the iss...

C. Averbach J. Cusack L. Green W. Higinbotham J. Indusi

1975-01-01

297

30 CFR 57.12034 - Guarding around lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12034 Guarding around lights. Portable extension lights, and other lights that...

2013-07-01

298

12. Bottom and side planking at stern, showing chine guard ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Bottom and side planking at stern, showing chine guard (to the right in photo) and copper ice sheathing on starboard side. - Two-Sail Bateau E. C. COLLIER, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, Mills Street, Saint Michaels, Talbot County, MD

299

Guarded capacitance probes for measuring particle concentration and flow  

DOEpatents

Guarded capacitance probe structures are constructed with guard electrodes surrounding one or more sensor electrodes and ground electrodes or grounded surfaces surrounding the guard electrodes. In a one sensor embodiment, the probe utilizes an apertured sensor electrode and the guard electrode both surrounds the sensor electrode and fills the aperture. This embodiment is particularly useful for measuring particle concentration in a fluid suspension contained within a vessel or pipe. The portion of the guard electrode within the aperture of the sensor electrode prevents electric field lines from emanating from the sensor electrode into the fluid suspension and toward infinity. A two sensor embodiment of the probe is useful for measuring flow velocities of fluid suspensions through cross correlation of the outputs generated by each sensor. The relative dimensions of the guard and sensor electrodes are selected to provide the most accurate measurements by confining the electric lines emanating from the sensor electrode or electrodes and terminating on the surrounding grounded surfaces to a small measurement volume of the fluid suspension near the vessel or pipe wall. 14 figs.

Louge, M.Y.

1995-10-17

300

Guarded capacitance probes for measuring particle concentration and flow  

DOEpatents

Guarded capacitance probe structures are constructed with guard electrodes surrounding one or more sensor electrodes and ground electrodes or grounded surfaces surrounding the guard electrodes. In a one sensor embodiment, the probe utilizes an apertured sensor electrode and the guard electrode both surrounds the sensor electrode and fills the aperture. This embodiment is particularly useful for measuring particle concentration in a fluid suspension contained within a vessel or pipe. The portion of the guard electrode within the aperture of the sensor electrode prevents electric field lines from emanating from the sensor electrode into the fluid suspension and toward infinity. A two sensor embodiment of the probe is useful for measuring flow velocities of fluid suspensions through cross correlation of the outputs generated by each sensor. The relative dimensions of the guard and sensor electrodes are selected to provide the most accurate measurements by confining the electric lines emanating from the sensor electrode or electrodes and terminating on the surrounding grounded surfaces to a small measurement volume of the fluid suspension near the vessel or pipe wall. 14 figs.

Louge, M.Y.

1996-08-13

301

Minimizing guard ring dead space in silicon detectors with an n-type guard ring at the edge of the detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detectors with n-type silicon with an n+-type guard ring were investigated. In the present work, a new p+\\/n\\/n+ detector structure with an n+ guard ring is described. The guard ring is placed at the edge of the detector. The detector depletion region extends also sideways, allowing for signal collection very close to the n-guard ring. In this kind of detector

Tanja Palviainen; Tuure Tuuva; Kari Leinonen

2007-01-01

302

Sensory Transduction of the CO2 Response of Guard Cells  

SciTech Connect

Stomata have a key role in the regulation of gas exchange and intercellular CO2 concentrations of leaves. Guard cells sense internal and external signals in the leaf environment and transduce these signals into osmoregulatory processes that control stomatal apertures. This research proposal addresses the characterization of the sensory transduction of the CO2 signal in guard cells. Recent studies have shown that in Vicia leaves kept at constant light and temperature in a growth chamber, changes in ambient CO2 concentrations cause large changes in guard cell zeaxanthin that are linear with CO2-dependent changes in stomatal apertures. Research proposed here will test the hypothesis that zeaxanthin function as a transducer of CO2 signals in guard cells. Three central aspects of this hypothesis will be investigated: CO2 sensing by the carboxylation reaction of Rubisco in the guard cell chloroplast, which would modulate zeaxanthin concentrations via changes in lumen pH; transduction of the CO2 signal by zeaxanthin via a transducing cascade that controls guard cell osmoregulation; and blue light dependence of the CO2 signal transduction by zeaxanthin, required for the formation of an isomeric form of zeaxanthin that is physiologically active as a transducer. The role of Rubisco in CO2 sensing will be investigated in experiments characterizing the stomatal response to CO2 in the Arabidopsis mutants R100 and rca-, which have reduced rates of Rubisco-dependent carboxylation. The role of zeaxanthin as a CO2 transducer will be studied in npq1, a zeaxanthin-less mutant. The blue light-dependence of CO2 sensing will be studied in experiments characterizing the stomatal response to CO2 under red light. Arabidopsis mutants will also be used in further studies of an acclimation of the stomatal response to CO2, and a possible role of the xanthophyll cycle of the guard cell chloroplast in acclimations of the stomatal response to CO2. Studies on the osmoregulatory role of sucrose in the stomatal response to CO2 will investigate downstream targets of the CO2 response. Success in characterizing a zeaxanthin-dependent CO2 sensing mechanism in guard cells will significantly enhance our understanding of stomatal function and CO2 sensing in plants cells. Further characterization of guard cells acclimation to CO2 should enrich our understanding of plant acclimations and adaptations to their environment, and of possible effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations on the vegetation.

Dr. Eduardo Zeiger

2003-06-30

303

Light Quality and Osmoregulation in Vicia Guard Cells 1  

PubMed Central

Osmoregulation in opening stomata of epidermal peels from Vicia faba L. leaves was investigated under a variety of experimental conditions. The K+ content of stomatal guard cells and the starch content of guard cell chloroplasts were examined with cobaltinitrite and iodine-potassium iodide stains, respectively; stomatal apertures were measured microscopically. Red light (50 micromoles per square meter per second) irradiation caused a net increase of 3.1 micrometers in aperture and a decrease of ?0.4 megapascals in guard cell osmotic potential over a 5 hour incubation, but histochemical observations showed no increase in guard cell K+ content or starch degradation in guard cell chloroplasts. At 10 micromoles per square meter per second, blue light caused a net 6.8 micrometer increase in aperture over 5 hours and there was a substantial decrease in starch content of chloroplasts but no increase in guard cell K+ content. At 25 micromoles per square meter per second of blue light, apertures increased faster (net gain of 5.7 micrometers after 1 hour) and starch content decreased. About 80% of guard cells had a higher K+ content after 1 hour of incubation but that fraction decreased to 10% after 5 hours. In the absence of KCl in the incubation medium, stomata opened slowly in response to 25 micomoles per square meter per second of blue light, without any K+ gain or starch loss. In dual beam experiments, stomata irradiated with 50 micomoles per square meter per second of red light for 3 hours opened without detectable starch loss or K+ gain; addition of 25 micomoles per square meter per second of blue light caused a further net gain of 4.4 micometers in aperture accompanied by substantial K+ uptake and starch loss. Comparison of K+ content in guard cells of opened stomata in epidermal peels with those induced to open in leaf discs showed a substantially higher K+ content in the intact tissue than in isolated peels. These results are not consistent with K+ (and its counterions) as the universal osmoticum in guard cells of open stomata under all conditions; rather, the data point to sugars arising from photosynthesis and from starch degradation as additional osmotica. Biochemical confirmation of these findings would indicate that osmoregulation during stomatal opening is the result of three key metabolic processes: ion transport, photosynthesis, and sugar metabolism. Images Fig. 2

Tallman, Gary; Zeiger, Eduardo

1988-01-01

304

OnGuard, a Computational Platform for Quantitative Kinetic Modeling of Guard Cell Physiology1[W][OA  

PubMed Central

Stomatal guard cells play a key role in gas exchange for photosynthesis while minimizing transpirational water loss from plants by opening and closing the stomatal pore. Foliar gas exchange has long been incorporated into mathematical models, several of which are robust enough to recapitulate transpirational characteristics at the whole-plant and community levels. Few models of stomata have been developed from the bottom up, however, and none are sufficiently generalized to be widely applicable in predicting stomatal behavior at a cellular level. We describe here the construction of computational models for the guard cell, building on the wealth of biophysical and kinetic knowledge available for guard cell transport, signaling, and homeostasis. The OnGuard software was constructed with the HoTSig library to incorporate explicitly all of the fundamental properties for transporters at the plasma membrane and tonoplast, the salient features of osmolite metabolism, and the major controls of cytosolic-free Ca2+ concentration and pH. The library engenders a structured approach to tier and interrelate computational elements, and the OnGuard software allows ready access to parameters and equations ‘on the fly’ while enabling the network of components within each model to interact computationally. We show that an OnGuard model readily achieves stability in a set of physiologically sensible baseline or Reference States; we also show the robustness of these Reference States in adjusting to changes in environmental parameters and the activities of major groups of transporters both at the tonoplast and plasma membrane. The following article addresses the predictive power of the OnGuard model to generate unexpected and counterintuitive outputs.

Hills, Adrian; Chen, Zhong-Hua; Amtmann, Anna; Blatt, Michael R.; Lew, Virgilio L.

2012-01-01

305

AvantGuard: exploring the distribution of autonomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Every war introduces a new round of tactics and technologies. Our present war might be characterized as a confrontation between the Suicide Bomber and the Unmanned Air Vehicle. AvantGuard models this confrontation and exposes it to study. It is a computer game in which UAVs are used to protect a convoy in hostile urban terrain. Adversaries hide among the residents and prepare an ambush. The operator directs small UAVs and studies the resulting sensor stream. He must find the ambush before the convoy arrives. AvantGuard serves those who seek to improve the effectiveness of the UAV mission. It is an instrument with which researchers can measure performance as they develop new systems. AvantGuard is particularly designed to study the interplay of human supervisor and autonomous UAVs. Its cognitive challenges are organized into distinct tasks. For each task, the autonomy level of the UAV is set independently. Calibrated to established standards, results are easily compared to one another and to the findings of other researchers. By addressing real-world problems, such as battlefield constraints on bandwidth and the limits of machine vision, AvantGuard presents a credible approach to mission simulation, training and eventual execution. By employing sophisticated game techniques, AvantGuard advances an innovative design. By considering the post-combat role of the military, it prepares an instrument to advance the goals of peace as well as those of war.

Jacobson, Dov

2005-05-01

306

Minimizing guard ring dead space in silicon detectors with an n-type guard ring at the edge of the detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detectors with n-type silicon with an n +-type guard ring were investigated. In the present work, a new p +/n/n + detector structure with an n + guard ring is described. The guard ring is placed at the edge of the detector. The detector depletion region extends also sideways, allowing for signal collection very close to the n-guard ring. In this kind of detector structure, the dead space of the detector is minimized to be only below the guard ring. This is proved by simulations done using Silvaco/ATLAS software.

Palviainen, Tanja; Tuuva, Tuure; Leinonen, Kari

2007-04-01

307

ILC TARGET WHEEL RIM FRAGMENT/GUARD PLATE IMPACT ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

A positron source component is needed for the International Linear Collider Project. The leading design concept for this source is a rotating titanium alloy wheel whose spokes rotate through an intense localized magnetic field. The system is composed of an electric motor, flexible motor/drive-shaft coupling, stainless steel drive-shaft, two Plumber's Block tapered roller bearings, a titanium alloy target wheel, and electromagnet. Surrounding the target wheel and magnet is a steel frame with steel guarding plates intended to contain shrapnel in case of catastrophic wheel failure. Figure 1 is a layout of this system (guard plates not shown for clarity). This report documents the FEA analyses that were performed at LLNL to help determine, on a preliminary basis, the required guard plate thickness for three potential plate steels.

Hagler, L

2008-07-17

308

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS, SECTIONS AND DETAILS. Navy Department, Bureau ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS, SECTIONS AND DETAILS. Navy Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Navy Yard, Mare Island, CA. H.J. Brunnier, Structural Engineer, Sharon Building, San Francisco, CA. Sheet 7 of 15, accompanying specification Noy-4675. Submitted May 8, 1941, last revised July 7, 1941. Yards & Docks drawing no. 160692; P.W. (Public Works) drawing no. 10388-31; file no. 930-CR-7. Scale three eighths inch to one foot. 73 cm x 129 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

309

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS, ROOF FRAMING DETAILS. Navy Department, Bureau ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS, ROOF FRAMING DETAILS. Navy Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Navy Yard, Mare Island, CA. H.J. Brunnier, Structural Engineer, Sharon Building, San Francisco, CA. Sheet 9 of 15, accompanying specification Noy-4675. Submitted May 8, 1941, last revised July 7, 1941. Yards & Docks drawing no. 160694; P.W. (Public Works) drawing no. 10388-33; file no. 930-S-4. Scale three eighths inch to one foot. 73 cm x 129 cm. Black line print - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

310

The occlusal guard: a simplified technique for fabrication and equilibration.  

PubMed

Hard occlusal guards have been used effectively to treat myofacial pain originating from parafunctional activities. Also, they can protect the natural dentition when it opposes porcelain restorations, help to evaluate changes in occlusal vertical dimension during full mouth rehabilitation, minimize further tooth loss in patients with abfraction lesions, and redirect occlusal loads more favorably onto dental implant-supported prostheses. A simplified technique is described to fabricate a properly designed wax model of an occlusal guard that can be processed in acrylic in the same manner used to construct a complete denture. PMID:23649575

Antonelli, John; Hottel, Timothy L; Siegel, Sharon C; Brandt, Robert; Silva, Gladston

2013-01-01

311

48 CFR 3052.209-76 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the Federal Protective Service Guard Contracting Reform...into a contract for guard services under the Federal Protective Service (FPS) guard services program...the individual's spouse, child, or other family...

2013-10-01

312

29 CFR 1915.73 - Guarding of deck openings and edges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the edges shall be guarded by adequate guardrails meeting the requirements of § 1915...prohibit the use or installation of such guardrails. (e) When employees are working...have been removed shall be guarded by guardrails except where they would...

2013-07-01

313

Guard Cell Biochemistry: Response to Environmental Stimuli Causing Changes in Gas Exchange. Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Progress is reported in research on the biochemistry of guard cells. Methods for the isolation of guard cell protoplasts have been developed. Aqueous two-phase polymer systems for isolating cells, organelles and macromolecules were investigated. Ultramicr...

1981-01-01

314

30 CFR 56.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. 56.12023 Section 56.12023 Mineral...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that are difficult or impractical to...

2010-07-01

315

30 CFR 57.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. 57.12023 Section 57.12023 Mineral...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that are difficult or impractical to...

2010-07-01

316

30 CFR 57.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. 57.12023 Section 57.12023 Mineral...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that are difficult or impractical to...

2013-07-01

317

30 CFR 56.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. 56.12023 Section 56.12023 Mineral...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that are difficult or impractical to...

2009-07-01

318

30 CFR 57.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. 57.12023 Section 57.12023 Mineral...Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that are difficult or impractical to...

2009-07-01

319

49 CFR 571.223 - Standard No. 223; Rear impact guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...perpendicular to the longitudinal vertical plane passing through the longitudinal centerline...projected horizontally on a transverse vertical plane. Those installation instructions or...guard width from the vertical longitudinal plane passing through center of the guard;...

2013-10-01

320

99. Catalog HHistory 1, C.C.C., 23 Guard Rail Construction, Negative ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

99. Catalog H-History 1, C.C.C., 23 Guard Rail Construction, Negative No. P455e (Photographer and date unknown) GUARD RAIL INSTALLATION. - Skyline Drive, From Front Royal, VA to Rockfish Gap, VA , Luray, Page County, VA

321

Within compound, from Guard Tower, looking southeast, Power Plant (Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Within compound, from Guard Tower, looking southeast, Power Plant (Building 5761) to left, Satellite Communications Terminal (Building 5771) center, Supply Warehouse (Building 5768) to left - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

322

Mate guarding and gallivanting by male hoary marmots ( Marmota caligata )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven years data on the vernal behavior of hoarty marmots, Marmota caligata, suggest that males engage in a two-part reproductive strategy, which consists of guarding their mates against possible copulation with additional males, and also gallivanting — wandering about in search of additional reproductive opportunities for themselves. Data are presented which support seven predictions derived from the assumption that mate

David P. Barash

1981-01-01

323

Light-sensitive membrane potentials in onion guard cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRACELLULAR electrical recordings in onion guard cells show that they maintain a membrane potential difference (MPD), inside negative. The MPD is light-sensitive; cells subjected to short light and dark cycles depolarise in the dark and hyperpolarise in the light. The swiftness of the electrical changes makes them among the fastest known stomatal responses, suggesting a causal relationship between the reception

E. Zeiger; W. Moody; P. Hepler; F. VARELA

1977-01-01

324

Improving Self-Directed Learning in the Phoenix Air Guard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to (1) identify obstacles to self-directed learning, (2) develop strategies to overcome them, and (3) identify the self-directed learning readiness level of two groups of employees for possible clues in improving self-directed learning in the Phoenix Air Guard. The study used two group processes (the Delphi technique with a…

Torbert, James Brison

325

Suicide in the Army National Guard: An Empirical Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2004, suicides in the U.S. military have risen, most notably in the Army National Guard (ARNG). Data used in this study were obtained for suicides occurring from 2007 to 2010 and for a random sample of nonsuicides from the general ARNG population. Of the military-related variables considered, a few showed relationships to suicide. Rather,…

Griffith, James

2012-01-01

326

Potential Benefits Of Underride Guards In Large Truck Side Crashes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the maximum potential for side underride guards (SUGs) to reduce passenger vehicle occupant fatalities and injuries in crashes with large trucks in the United States.Methods: Examination of the Large Truck Crash Causation Study (LTCCS) identified 206 crash events involving a passenger vehicle impact with the side of a large truck. Each case was evaluated to determine whether

Matthew L. Brumbelow

2012-01-01

327

Race for Martyrdom: The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) is often referred to in Western press but still, little is known about these uniformed zealots. This thesis is an attempt to show that the IRGC is not a haphazard army but one that is striving to organize whil...

S. E. Merdinger

1982-01-01

328

National Guard and the War on Terror: Operation Iraqi Freedom.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Operation Iraqi Freedom provides a battle history of the National Guard's role in the early years of the Iraq War. From the initial invasion in March 2003 to the outbreak of brutal violence in the sectarian uprising of 2006, extended and repeated deployme...

M. D. Doubler

2008-01-01

329

46 CFR 28.215 - Guards for exposed hazards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Vessels That Operate Beyond the Boundary Lines or With More Than 16 Individuals On Board, or for Fish Tender Vessels Engaged in the Aleutian Trade § 28.215 Guards for exposed hazards. (a) Each space on board a vessel must meet the requirements of this...

2013-10-01

330

Border Security and Utilizing the National Guard: A New Paradigm.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the wake of increased violence, political pressure, and public outcry, the current Administration is sending 1,200 National Guard soldiers to the border area between the United States and Mexico. The issue at hand is twofold; the Customs and Border Pat...

C. M. Schneider

2011-01-01

331

29 CFR 1910.243 - Guarding of portable powered tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required...shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required...used with the correct shield, guard, or attachment recommended by the manufacturer....

2012-07-01

332

29 CFR 1910.243 - Guarding of portable powered tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required...shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required...used with the correct shield, guard, or attachment recommended by the manufacturer....

2011-07-01

333

Parker's sneak-guard model revisited: why do reproductively parasitic males heavily invest in testes?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alternative reproductive tactics are widespread in males and may cause intraspecific differences in testes investment. Parker's sneak-guard model predicts that sneaker males, who mate under sperm competition risk, invest in testes relatively more than bourgeois conspecifics that have lower risk. Given that sneakers are much smaller than bourgeois males, sneakers may increase testes investment to overcome their limited sperm productivity because of their small body sizes. In this study, we examined the mechanism that mediates differential testes investment across tactics in the Lake Tanganyika cichlid fish Lamprologus callipterus. In the Rumonge population of Burundi, bourgeois males are small compared with those in other populations and have a body size close to sneaky dwarf males. Therefore, if differences in relative testis investment depend on sperm competition, the rank order of relative testis investment should be dwarf males > bourgeois males in Rumonge = bourgeois males in the other populations. If differences in relative testis investment depend on body size, the rank order of relative testes investment should be dwarf males > bourgeois males in Rumonge > bourgeois males in the other populations. Comparisons of relative testis investment among the three male groups supported the role of sperm competition, as predicted by the sneak-guard model. Nevertheless, the effects of absolute body size on testes investment should be considered to understand the mechanisms underlying intraspecific variation in testes investment caused by alternative reproductive tactics.

Ota, Kazutaka; Kohda, Masanori; Hori, Michio; Sato, Tetsu

2011-10-01

334

Parker's sneak-guard model revisited: why do reproductively parasitic males heavily invest in testes?  

PubMed

Alternative reproductive tactics are widespread in males and may cause intraspecific differences in testes investment. Parker's sneak-guard model predicts that sneaker males, who mate under sperm competition risk, invest in testes relatively more than bourgeois conspecifics that have lower risk. Given that sneakers are much smaller than bourgeois males, sneakers may increase testes investment to overcome their limited sperm productivity because of their small body sizes. In this study, we examined the mechanism that mediates differential testes investment across tactics in the Lake Tanganyika cichlid fish Lamprologus callipterus. In the Rumonge population of Burundi, bourgeois males are small compared with those in other populations and have a body size close to sneaky dwarf males. Therefore, if differences in relative testis investment depend on sperm competition, the rank order of relative testis investment should be dwarf males?>?bourgeois males in Rumonge?=?bourgeois males in the other populations. If differences in relative testis investment depend on body size, the rank order of relative testes investment should be dwarf males?>?bourgeois males in Rumonge?>?bourgeois males in the other populations. Comparisons of relative testis investment among the three male groups supported the role of sperm competition, as predicted by the sneak-guard model. Nevertheless, the effects of absolute body size on testes investment should be considered to understand the mechanisms underlying intraspecific variation in testes investment caused by alternative reproductive tactics. PMID:21850467

Ota, Kazutaka; Kohda, Masanori; Hori, Michio; Sato, Tetsu

2011-10-01

335

Reduction of guard interval by impulse compression for DMT modulation on twisted pair cables  

Microsoft Academic Search

In multicarrier modulation schemes like orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) or discrete multi tone (DMT) a guard interval represented by a cyclic prefix is inserted between successive multicarrier symbols in order to reduce intersymbol interference (ISI). The length of the guard interval is determined by the length of the channel impulse response (CIR). For a fixed guard interval, the longer

Romed Schur; Joachim Speidel; Ralf Angerbauer

2000-01-01

336

How to Place Efficiently Guards and Paintings in an Art Gallery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the art gallery problem the goal is to place guards (as few as possible) in a polygon so that a maximal area of the polygon is covered. We address here a closely related problem: how to place paintings and guards in an art gallery so that the total value of guarded paintings is a maximum. More formally, a simple

Christodoulos Fragoudakis; Euripides Markou; Stathis Zachos

2005-01-01

337

South Oregon Coast Reinforcement.  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration is proposing to build a transmission line to reinforce electrical service to the southern coast of Oregon. This FYI outlines the proposal, tells how one can learn more, and how one can share ideas and opinions. The project will reinforce Oregon`s south coast area and provide the necessary transmission for Nucor Corporation to build a new steel mill in the Coos Bay/North Bend area. The proposed plant, which would use mostly recycled scrap metal, would produce rolled steel products. The plant would require a large amount of electrical power to run the furnace used in its steel-making process. In addition to the potential steel mill, electrical loads in the south Oregon coast area are expected to continue to grow.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1998-05-01

338

West Coast Poverty Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Washington, the West Coast Poverty Center "serves as a hub for research, education, and policy analysis leading to greater understanding of the causes and consequences of poverty and effective approaches to reducing it in the west coast states." The Center was created in the fall of 2005, and it represents a collaborative venture between the UW School of Social Work, the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs, and the College of Arts and Sciences. Scholars and others will find the site quite useful, and they may wish to start at the "Poverty Basics" section. This area includes helpful overviews like "How Many People Are Poor in the United States?" and interactive maps and charts that document the state of poverty levels on the West Coast. Moving on, the "Research" area contains links to papers, research briefs, and information about upcoming events sponsored by the Center.

339

Coasts under pressure.  

PubMed

In most areas of the world, too many people live or play along the coast. Municipal and industrial wastes pollute coastal waters. Rivers spew erosion sediment and pollutants into these waters. Economic development is often the only management strategy for coastal zones, and economic development has little concern for resource degradation and watershed management. 53 countries have coastal management plans, but few have adequately implemented them. Almost 66% of the world's population lives within 150 km of the coast; by 2025, 75% will live as close to the coast. In the US, the coastal population has grown faster than that of the entire US, so that the population density is now almost 400 persons/sq m compared to 275 persons/sq m in 1960. Urbanization continues in the US coastal zones, where 7 of the 10 US largest cities exist. 94% of China's population lives in the eastern 3rd of the country. The population density along China's coast is more than 600/sq km. In Shanghai, it is more than 2000/sq km. Many people are moving from poorer provinces in the central and western regions to the economic free zones and special economic zones along the coast. At any moment, 30-60 million Chinese are moving. Most everyone in southeastern Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America live in coastal areas. By 2025, the coastal zone between Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo will be all urbanized This is also occurring on Chile's coast between Valparaiso and Concepcion. The Mediterranean has the most overcrowded coastline in the developed world. Unchecked development could lead to continuous urban sprawl between Spain and Greece. Development pressures have caused a sizable decline in or a collapse of coastal fisheries. In Asia, all waters within 15 km of the coastline have been overfished. Coral reefs and mangrove forests are being destroyed with inadequate resources targeted for their protection. PMID:12287493

Hinrichsen, D

1994-01-01

340

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 1): Otis Air National Guard, (AOC CS-1 (USCG)), Falmouth, MA, September 29, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, lies within the boundaries of the towns of Falmouth, Mashpee, Sandwich, and Bourne. The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Transmitter Station, designed Area of Contamination (AOC) CS-1 (USCG) is located adjacent to the eastern boundary of the MMR. The NGB, acting as executive agent of the USCG, and USEPA, with concurrence of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have determined that No Action is necessary to address the contamination at AOC CS-1 (USCG). However, groundwater monitoring will be performed at well WW-7 for a period of five years to provide information over time on the levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) detected in this well, and on the sporadic detection of inorganics in groundwater at this AOC.

NONE

1996-03-01

341

Greenland: Full West Coast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This animation shows the ice concentration in Greenland. The ice has decreased significantly (~50 cm-year) along the coast and increased slightly in the center (+2 cm-year). Researchers view this as yet another serious warning sign of the threat of global warming.

Perkins, Lori; Hall, Dorothy

2000-06-25

342

Greenland full west coast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This animation shows the ice concentration in Greenland. The ice has decreased significantly (~50 cm-year) along the coast and increased slightly in the center (+2 cm-year). Researchers view this as yet another serious warning sign of the threat of global warming.

Perkins, Lori; Hall, Dorothy

2000-06-25

343

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS; SECOND FLOOR PLAN AND DOOR FRAME ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND BARRACKS; SECOND FLOOR PLAN AND DOOR FRAME AND WINDOW DETAILS. Navy Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Navy Yard, Mar Island, CA. Albert F. Roller, Architect, San Francisco, CA. H.J. Brunnier, Structural Engineer, Sharon Building, San Francisco, CA. Sheet 2 of 15, accompanying specification Noy-4675. Submitted May 8, 1941, last revised July 14, 1941. Yards & Docks drawing no. 160687; P.W. (Public Works) drawing no. 10388-26; file no. 930-CR-4. Scale one eighth inch to one foot (floor plan) and 3 inches to one foot (details). 73 cm x 129 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

344

Perfect equalization for DMT systems without guard interval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new, low-complexity frequency-domain equalizer for discrete multitone (DMT) systems, which, in the absence of a guard interval, utilizes existing redundancy in the frequency-domain to completely eliminate intersymbol and interchannel interference. A perfect reconstruction condition is derived for the noise-free case leading to a sparse equalizer matrix structure. It is furthermore shown that under realistic scenarios minimum mean

Steffen Trautmann; Norbert J. Fliege

2002-01-01

345

Inter-Symbol Guard Time for Synchronizing Optical PPM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An inter-symbol guard time has been proposed as a means of synchronizing the symbol and slot clocks of an optical pulse-position modulation (PPM) receiver with the symbol and slot periods of an incoming optical PPM signal.The proposal is applicable to the low-flux case in which the receiver photodetector operates in a photon-counting mode and the count can include contributions from incidental light sources and dark current.

Far, William; Gin, Jonathan; Srinivasan, Meera; Quirk, Kevin

2009-01-01

346

Guard cell wall: immunocytochemical detection of polysaccharide components  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composition of guard cell walls in sugar beet leaves (Beta vulgaris L.) was studied by using histochemical staining and immunocytochemical detection of cell wall antigens. The findings were compared with those in the walls of epidermal and mesophyll cells. Probing of leaf sections with mono- clonal antibodies against pectins, terminal fucosyl residues linked a-(1)2) to galactose, b-(1)3)-glucans and arabinogalactan-proteins

Anna Majewska-Sawka; Agnieszka Munster; Maria Isabel Rodrõ ´

2002-01-01

347

West Coast Chlorophyll Bloom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board the Orbview 2 satellite captured the phytoplankton bloom October 6, 2002 . Red represents high concentration of chlorophyll, follow by orange, yellow and green. Land and cloud portions of the image are presented in natural color. SeaWiFS monitors ocean plant life by measuring the amount of chlorophyll in the ocean. Large phytoplankton blooms tend to coincide with natural phenomena that drive that nutrient-rich water to the surface. The process is called upwelling. Winds coming off principal land masses push surface layers of water away from the shore. Into the resulting wind-driven void deeper water underneath the surface layers rushes in toward the coast, bringing with it nutrients for life to bloom. This upwelling fuel the growth of marine phytoplankton which, along with larger seaweeds, nourishes the incredible diversity of creatures found along the northern and central California coast.

Perkins, Lori; Feldman, Gene

2002-10-15

348

OzCoasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons with a penchant for public policy, coastal erosion, and estuaries will sing the praises of the OzCoasts website. Formally launched in 2008, OzCoasts represents a collaborative effort between more than 100 coastal scientists from a range of government agencies and universities across Australia. The materials on the site are divided into six primary areas, including "Coastal Indicators", "Habitat Mapping", and "Landform & Stability Maps". Within each section, visitors will find graphs, maps, charts, and short essays that document a wide range of natural and man-made phenomena including beach erosion, beach geomorphic models, and sea level rise. Visitors can also make their way to the "Glossary" area to get caught up relevant terms and then wander around the "What's New" area for the latest and greatest updates to the website.

349

Northeast Coast, Hokkaido, Japan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The northeast coast of Hokkaido and Kunashir Island, Japan (44.0N, 143.0E) are seen bordered by drifting sea ice. The sea ice has formed a complex pattern of eddies in response to surface water currents and winds. Photos of this kind aid researchers in describing local ocean current patterns and the effects of wind speed and direction on the drift of surface material, such as ice floes or oil. Kunashir is the southernmost of the Kuril Islands.

1992-01-01

350

Effects of density experience on mate guarding behavior by adult male Kanzawa spider mites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae), adult males guard pre-reproductive quiescent females. I experimentally examined the effects of density\\u000a experience during development and\\/or after adult emergence on precopulatory mate guarding behavior by T. kanzawai males. Mate guarding behavior was modified by density experience after adult emergence. When males had previously experienced\\u000a high density after adult emergence (n = 71),

Keiko Oku

2009-01-01

351

Coasts in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book describes the varied coastal environments of the United States and the natural processes and human actions that are constantly modifying them. Ignorance of these processes exacerbates the tragic collisions between people and nature, such as Hurricane Hugo in South Carolina, which left thousands homeless and destroyed billions of dollars of property. Topics include types of coasts; coastal change, including natural processes, local conditions, and human intervention; case studies of coastal conflicts in Ocean City, Isles Dernieres, Boston Harbor, and the effects of Hurricane Hugo. A summary overview of challenges and opportunities, and suggestions for further reading are also provided.

Williams, S.

352

The social environment affects mate guarding behavior in Japanese beetles, Popillia japonica  

PubMed Central

The effect of the social environment on post-copulatory mate guarding duration in Japanese beetles, (Popillia japonica Newman), was examined in a laboratory experiment. The mate guarding durations of beetles in different sex ratios and densities were observed for 10 hours. Guarding duration was longer when females were larger, suggesting the presence of ‘cryptic’ male mate choice. Densities, but not sex ratio, affected the duration of guarding bouts, with males guarding for longer at higher densities. This result implies that males increase their guarding duration under conditions in which their female may be likely to be encountered by other males. The lack of a sex ratio effect on the duration of guarding bouts is consistent with other studies on this species that indicate males have difficulty distinguishing females from males. Consequently, because the sex ratio on food plants is typically male-biased, a paired male may react just to density, treating surrounding individuals as if they were mostly males. The total amount of time males spent guarding was lower at lower densities and at male-biased sex ratios; this suggests that after ceasing to guard one female, males were less able to find a subsequent mate under these conditions.

Saeki, Yoriko; Kruse, Kipp C.; Switzer, Paul V.

2005-01-01

353

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

354

Oxalate production by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum deregulates guard cells during infection.  

PubMed

Oxalic acid is a virulence factor of several phytopathogenic fungi, including Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, but the detailed mechanisms by which oxalic acid affects host cells and tissues are not understood. We tested the hypothesis that oxalate induces foliar wilting during fungal infection by manipulating guard cells. Unlike uninfected leaves, stomatal pores of Vicia faba leaves infected with S. sclerotiorum are open at night. This cellular response appears to be dependent on oxalic acid because stomatal pores are partially closed when leaves are infected with an oxalate-deficient mutant of S. sclerotiorum. In contrast to oxalate-deficient S. sclerotiorum, wild-type fungus causes an increase in stomatal conductance and transpiration as well as a decrease in plant biomass. Green fluorescent protein-tagged S. sclerotiorum emerges through open stomata from the uninfected abaxial leaf surface for secondary colonization. Exogenous application of oxalic acid to the detached abaxial epidermis of V. faba leaves induces stomatal opening. Guard cells treated with oxalic acid accumulate potassium and break down starch, both of which are known to contribute to stomatal opening. Oxalate interferes with abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure. The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) L. Heynh. mutants abi1, abi3, abi4, and aba2 are more susceptible to oxalate-deficient S. sclerotiorum than wild-type plants, suggesting that Sclerotinia resistance is dependent on ABA. We conclude that oxalate acts via (1) accumulation of osmotically active molecules to induce stomatal opening and (2) inhibition of ABA-induced stomatal closure. PMID:15502012

Guimarães, Rejane L; Stotz, Henrik U

2004-11-01

355

New approaches to the biology of stomatal guard cells.  

PubMed

CO2 acts as an environmental signal that regulates stomatal movements. High CO2 concentrations reduce stomatal aperture, whereas low concentrations trigger stomatal opening. In contrast to our advanced understanding of light and drought stress responses in guard cells, the molecular mechanisms underlying stomatal CO2 sensing and signaling are largely unknown. Leaf temperature provides a convenient indicator of transpiration, and can be used to detect mutants with altered stomatal control. To identify genes that function in CO2 responses in guard cells, CO2-insensitive mutants were isolated through high-throughput leaf thermal imaging. The isolated mutants are categorized into three groups according to their phenotypes: (i) impaired in stomatal opening under low CO2 concentrations; (ii) impaired in stomatal closing under high CO2 concentrations; and (iii) impaired in stomatal development. Characterization of these mutants has begun to yield insights into the mechanisms of stomatal CO2 responses. In this review, we summarize the current status of the field and discuss future prospects. PMID:24104052

Negi, Juntaro; Hashimoto-Sugimoto, Mimi; Kusumi, Kensuke; Iba, Koh

2014-02-01

356

A coasting cosmology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with energy density decreasing in expansion as 1/R-squared, where R is the Robertson-Walker scale factor, is studied. In such a model the universe expands with constant velocity; hence the term coasting cosmology. Observational consequences of such a model include the age of the universe, the luminosity distance-redshift relation (the Hubble diagram), the angular diameter distance-redshift relation, and the galaxy number count as a function of redshift. These observations are used to limit the parameters of the model. Among the interesting consequences of the model are the possibility of an ever-expanding closed universe, a model universe with multiple images at different redshifts of the same object, a universe with Omega - 1 not equal to 0 stable in expansion, and a closed universe with radius smaller than 1/H(0).

Kolb, Edward W.

1989-01-01

357

Feasibility of a Virtual Health and Wellness Center for the Oregon Air National Guard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of implementing a virtual health and wellness center in the Oregon Air National Guard (ORANG). The specific aims of the study were to describe Air Guard Members goals for making health behavior chan...

D. C. Messecar

1999-01-01

358

A&M. Guard house (TAN638), contextual view. Built in 1968. Camera ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638), contextual view. Built in 1968. Camera faces south. Guard house controlled access to radioactive waste storage tanks beyond and to left of view. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-4-1 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

359

A Comparative Study of the Arabidopsis thaliana Guard-Cell Transcriptome and Its Modulation by Sucrose  

PubMed Central

Microarray analysis was performed on RNA isolated from guard cells that were manually dissected from leaves of Arabidopsis. By pooling our data with those of two earlier studies on Arabidopsis guard cell protoplasts, we provide a robust view of the guard-cell transcriptome, which is rich in transcripts for transcription factors, signaling proteins, transporters, and carbohydrate-modifying enzymes. To test the hypothesis that photosynthesis-derived sugar signals guard cells to adjust stomatal opening, we determined the profile of genes expressed in guard cells from leaves that had been treated with sucrose. The results revealed that expression of 440 genes changed in guard cells in response to sucrose. Consistent with this hypothesis, these genes encoded cellular functions for photosynthesis and transport of sugars, water, amino acids, and ions. Plants of T-DNA insertion lines for 50 genes highly responsive to sucrose were examined for defects in guard cell function. Twelve genes not previously known to function in guard cells were shown to be important in leaf conductance, water-use efficiency, and/or stomate development. Of these, three are of particular interest, having shown effects in nearly every test of stomatal function without a change in stomatal density: TPS5 (At4g17770), a TRAF domain-containing protein (At1g65370), and a WD repeat–containing protein (At1g15440).

Bates, George W.; Rosenthal, David M.; Sun, Jindong; Chattopadhyay, Maitreyi; Peffer, Emily; Yang, Jing; Ort, Donald R.; Jones, Alan M.

2012-01-01

360

29 CFR 1910.23 - Guarding floor and wall openings and holes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the use of fixed standard railing (as when located in aisle spaces, etc.), the guard shall consist of a hinged floor opening...board. (d) Stairway railings and guards. (1) Every flight of stairs having four or more risers shall be equipped...

2013-07-01

361

Analysis of abscisic acid responsive proteins in Brassica napus guard cells by multiplexed isobaric tagging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guard cells, which form stomata on the leaf epidermis, play important roles in plant gas exchange and defense against pathogens. Abscisic acid (ABA) is a phytohormone that can be induced by drought and leads to stomatal closure. Guard cells have been a premier model system for studying ABA signal transduction. Despite significant progress on the identification of molecular components in

Mengmeng Zhu; Brigitte Simons; Ning Zhu; David G. Oppenheimer; Sixue Chen

2010-01-01

362

Light and Stomatal Function: Blue Light Stimulates Swelling of Guard Cell Protoplasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Onion guard cell protoplasts swell when illuminated with blue light. The response is a 35 to 60 percent increase in volume and is dependent on potassium ion. Epidermal cell protoplasts do not swell under the same conditions. It is postulated that a membrane-bound blue photoreceptor mediates a direct response of guard cells to light.

E. Zeiger; P. K. Hepler

1977-01-01

363

"In Family Way": Guarding Indigenous Women's Children in Washington Territory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just two years after losing her Danish father, Coast Salish mother, and metis sisters to an undocumented tragedy in 1877, Nora Jewell faced another tragic ordeal. The twelve-year-old cleared fields and mended fences for James Smith, a guardian appointed by the court to protect her body and estate until she reached eighteen or married. As Nora…

Jagodinsky, Katrina

2013-01-01

364

Male songbirds provide indirect parental care by guarding females during incubation  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Across many taxa, guarding of fertile mates is a widespread tactic that enhances paternity assurance. However, guarding of mates can also occur during the nonfertile period, and the fitness benefits of this behavior are unclear. Male songbirds, for example, sometimes guard nonfertile females during foraging recesses from incubation. We hypothesized that guarding postreproductive mates may have important, but unrecognized, benefits by enhancing female foraging efficiency, thereby increasing time spent incubating eggs. We tested the hypothesis in 2 songbird species by examining female behavior during natural and experimentally induced absences of males. Male absence caused increased vigilance in foraging females that decreased their efficiency and resulted in less time spent incubating eggs. Male guarding of nonfertile females can thus provide a previously unrecognized form of indirect parental care.

Fedy, B. C.; Martin, T. E.

2009-01-01

365

47 CFR Procedures - Private Coast Stations  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Private Coast Stations Procedures Special Procedures Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS...MARITIME SERVICES Operating Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Public Coast Stations...

2010-10-01

366

33 CFR 165.173 - Safety Zones for annually recurring marine events held in Coast Guard Southeastern New England...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Notice to Mariners. ⢠Location: The regulated area includes...Harbor Island, Naval Station Newport, to Potter...11:59 p.m. ⢠Location: On the shore, in...11:59 p.m. ⢠Location: From a barge in the vicinity of Naval Station Newport,...

2013-07-01

367

78 FR 77359 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; New Year's Eve Celebration/City of Mobile...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Arthur R. Outlaw Convention Center and Cooper Riverside Park. This location replaces...Arthur R. Outlaw Convention Center and Cooper Riverside Park to protect persons and...Arthur R. Outlaw Convention Center and Cooper Riverside Park. Under the...

2013-12-23

368

33 CFR 100.120 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events Held in the Coast Guard Sector Northern New England...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Boat Parade. ⢠Sponsor: Lake Champlain Maritime Museum. ⢠Date...regulated area includes all waters of Lake Champlain in the vicinity of the new bridge...regulated area includes all waters of Lake Champlain in the vicinity of Saint...

2013-07-01

369

33 CFR 165.171 - Safety Zones for fireworks displays and swim events held in Coast Guard Sector Northern New...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...includes all waters of Malletts Bay on Lake Champlain, Vermont within the following...regulated area includes all waters of Lake Champlain between Thompson's Point...all waters of Treadwell Bay on Lake Champlain in the vicinity of Point...

2013-07-01

370

Navies versus Coast Guards: Defining the Roles of African Maritime Security Forces(Africa Security Brief, Number 2, December 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maritime security challenges in Africa are growing rapidly and represent an increasingly central component of the threat matrix facing the continent. African states struggle to meet these threats because their maritime security structures are misaligned w...

A. Vogel

2009-01-01

371

75 FR 2557 - Interim Policy for the Sharing of Information Collected by the Coast Guard Nationwide Automatic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2009-0701 in the ``Keyword'' box, and then clicking...USCG-2009-0701'' in the ``Keyword'' box. Click ``Search...highlighted in blue. In the ``Keyword'' box insert ``USCG- 2009-0701...government agency's operations or research and development efforts,...

2010-01-15

372

33 CFR 165.801 - Annual fireworks displays and other events in the Eighth Coast Guard District requiring safety...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to 230.0, Baton Rouge, LA. SectorLower MS River Date Sponsor/Name SectorLower MS River location Safety zone 131 1 The Sunday...July Fireworks Lake Ferguson, Greenville, MS Regulated Area: Waters of Lake Ferguson...

2012-07-01

373

US Coast Guard 1994 oil pollution research grants publications. Part 1. Final report, August 1994-September 1995  

SciTech Connect

;Table of Contents: A Hydrodynamic Model of Oil Containment by a Boom: Phase I; Development of a Rapid Current Containment Boom: PHASE I; Source Identification of Oil Spills Based on the Isotopic Composition of Individual Components in Weathered Oil Samples; and Preventing Oil Spills by Evaluating, Monitoring, and Managing Port and Waterway Risk.

NONE

1996-09-01

374

Model Tests on a Triple Screw Icebreaker (M5) for the United States Coast Guard. Part II - Icebreaking Tests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simple theory of bending with eventual tensile failure was assumed in scaling the thickness of ice which could be broken by the craft. A convenient material which could be sprayed into a large and uniform field was found to be modified model making wax....

P. J. Dix

1967-01-01

375

Coast Guard Mission Analysis Data Collection Report. Appendix D. Non-Helicopter-Capable Cutter Tactics Questionnaire Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This appendix analyzes the non-helicopter (helo)-capable cuter tactics questionnaires. The non-helo-capable cutter questionnaire was sent to the Commanding Officers (COs) of all the Mature Class MECs, 100s, 82s, and 180s, and to the Prospective COs (PCOs)...

1994-01-01

376

Preliminary assessment of US Coast Guard Short Range Recovery (SRR) Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) system small target detection performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) detection data have been collected in a dedicated electronic detection experiment conducted in 1981 by the U.S.C.G. Research and Development Center. This experiment was part of a series designed to improve search planning guidance contained in the National Search and Rescue Manual. An HH-52A helicopter equipped with a prototype Northrop Corp. SeeHawk FLIR system conducted detection runs with 15- to 19-foot fiberglass boats, 4- and 7-man life rafts, and simulated person-in-water (PIW) targets. The tests were conducted in Block Island Sound during September through November 1981.

Osmer, S. R.; Nash, L.; Hover, G. L.; Mazour, T. J.

1982-05-01

377

75 FR 67032 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subject final rule security zone which, as described in the preamble of the final rule, extends from the north western tip of Pier...165.1334. The coordinates used in that section and in the preamble did not describe the security zone precisely enough for...

2010-11-01

378

33 CFR 165.117 - Regulated Navigation Areas, Safety and Security Zones: Deepwater Ports, First Coast Guard District.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulated Navigation Areas, Safety and Security Zones: Deepwater Ports, First...Regulated Navigation Areas, Safety and Security Zones: Deepwater Ports, First...navigation areas. (2) Safety and security zones. All waters...

2013-07-01

379

77 FR 30188 - Safety Zones; Annually Recurring Marine Events in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks barge...Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks barge...Dimension: Approximately 200 yard radius circle around the fireworks...

2012-05-22

380

77 FR 5463 - Safety Zones; Annually Recurring Marine Events in Coast Guard Southeastern New England Captain of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks barge...Dimension: Approximately 300 yard radius circle around the fireworks barge...Dimension: Approximately 200 yard radius circle around the fireworks...

2012-02-03

381

Statistics on bridge-to-bridge frequency usage at selected sites in the Eighth Coast Guard District  

Microsoft Academic Search

Equipment was assembled and tested to record the time of occurrence and the duration of transmissions on the vessel bridge-to-bridge radio frequency, VHF-FM Channel 13. The input to this equipment was provided by magnetic tape recordings previously obtained at each site over a 24 hour period or by directly connecting the equipment to a VHF-FM monitor receiver. Message length histograms

J. A. McIntosh; L. B. Brown

1975-01-01

382

33 CFR 334.845 - Wisconsin Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...specific, infrequent periods when Military exercises will be conducted, as...

2013-07-01

383

33 CFR 334.845 - Wisconsin Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties; danger...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties;...

2011-07-01

384

33 CFR 334.845 - Wisconsin Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties; danger...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties;...

2012-07-01

385

33 CFR 334.845 - Wisconsin Air National Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties; danger...Guard, Volk Field military exercise area located in Lake Michigan offshore from Manitowoc and Sheboygan Counties;...

2010-07-01

386

Evaluation of US rear underride guard regulation for large trucks using real-world crashes.  

PubMed

Current requirements for rear underride guards on large trucks are set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) 223 and 224. The standards have been in place since 1998, but their adequacy has not been evaluated apart from two series of controlled crash tests. The current study used detailed reviews of real-world crashes from the Large Truck Crash Causation Study to assess the ability of guards that comply with certain aspects of the regulation to mitigate passenger vehicle underride. It also evaluated the dangers posed by underride of large trucks that are exempt from guard requirements. For the 115 cases meeting the inclusion criteria, coded data, case narratives, photographs, and measurements were used to examine the interaction between study vehicles. The presence and type of underride guard was determined, and its performance in mitigating underride was categorized. Overall, almost one-half of the passenger vehicles had underride damage classified as severe or catastrophic. These vehicles accounted for 23 of the 28 in which occupants were killed. For the cases involving trailers with underride guards compliant with one or both FMVSS, guard deformation or complete failure was frequent and most commonly due to weak attachments, buckling of the trailer chassis, or bending of the lateral end of the guard under narrow overlap loading. Most of the truck units studied qualified for at least one of the FMVSS exemptions. The two largest groups were trailers with small wheel setbacks and single-unit straight trucks. Dump trucks represented a particularly hazardous category of straight truck. The current study suggests several weaknesses in the rear underride guard regulation. The standard allows too much ground clearance, the quasi-static test conditions allow guard designs that fail in narrow overlap crashes, and certifying guards independent of trailers leads to systems with inadequate attachment and chassis strength. Additionally, the regulation should be expanded to cover a higher percentage of the large truck fleet. PMID:21512906

Brumbelow, Matthew L; Blanar, Laura

2010-11-01

387

The "Guarded Torus" approach for MUPUS thermal properties measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past few years scientists developed an increasing interest in the structure and behaviour of extraterrestrial surfaces. Comets are playing a main role as targets of these investigations. They are composed of ice, dust and organics and it is assumed that comets consist of the basic material out of which the solar system was formed. The properties at the surface and the upper layers of comets as well as their change during the approach to the sun are therefore of special interest. The thermal and mechanical properties of the comet 67P/Churyumov- Gerasimenko and their changes should be measured with the MUPUS-probe, one of the instruments on the Rosetta lander Philae. The "Guarded Torus" approach is a possible way of optimizing the scientific results of the thermal conductivity measurements with MUPUS like sensors.

Kaufmann, E.; Knollenberg, J.; Kargl, G.; Kömle, N. I.

2012-09-01

388

Conditioned mate-guarding behavior in the female rat.  

PubMed

Female and male rats are often described as having a promiscuous mating strategy, yet simple Pavlovian conditioning paradigms, in which a neutral odor or strain-related cues are paired with preferred sexual reward states during an animal's first sexual experiences, shift this strategy toward copulatory and mate preferences for partners bearing the familiar odor or strain cue. We examined whether female rats given exclusive rewarding copulation with one particular male would display mate-guarding behavior, a strong index of monogamous mating. Ovariectomized, hormone-primed female Long-Evans rats were given their first 10 paced sexual experiences at 4-day intervals with a particular unscented male of the same strain. A final test was conducted in an open field 4-days later in which the primed, partnered female was given access to the male partner and a fully-primed competitor female. In this situation, the partnered females mounted the competitor female repeatedly if she came near the vicinity of the male. This behavior prevented the male from copulating with the competitor, and was not displayed if partnered females could not pace the rate of copulatory behavior efficiently during the training trials, nor was it displayed by the competitor females. Fos expression was examined in both the partnered and competitor females after the final open field test. Partnered females had significantly higher expression within the supraoptic nucleus and nucleus accumbens shell compared to partnered females that did not develop this behavior or competitor females. These data show that females engaged in paced copulation with the same male display mate-guarding when exposed to that male and a competitor female. Increased activation of the SON and NAc may underlie this behavior. PMID:24768651

Holley, Amanda; Shalev, Shy; Bellevue, Shannon; Pfaus, James G

2014-05-28

389

Molecular identification, morphological characterization and new insights into the ecology of larval Pseudoterranova cattani in fishes from the Argentine coast with its differentiation from the Antarctic species, P. decipiens sp. E (Nematoda: Anisakidae).  

PubMed

Larvae of the genus Pseudoterranova constitute a risk for human health when ingested through raw or undercooked fish. They can provoke pseudoterranovosis in humans, a fish-borne zoonotic disease whose pathogenicity varies with the species involved, making their correct specific identification a necessary step in the knowledge of this zoonosis. Larvae of Pseudoterranova decipiens s.l. have been reported in several fish species from off the Argentine coasts; however, there are no studies dealing with their specific identification in this region. Here, a genetic identification and morphological characterization of larval Pseudoterranova spp. from three fish species sampled from Argentine waters and from Notothenia coriiceps from Antarctic waters was carried out. Larvae were sequenced for their genetic/molecular identification, including the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (mtDNA cox2), the first (ITS-1) and the second (ITS-2) internal transcribed spacers of the nuclear ribosomal DNA, and compared with all species of the P. decipiens (sensu lato) species complex (sequences available in GenBank). Further, adults of Pseudoterranova spp. from the definitive host, the southern sea lion, Otaria flavescens, from Argentine and Chilean coasts were sequenced at the same genes. The sequences obtained at the ITS-1 and ITS-2 genes from all the larvae examined from fish of Argentine waters, as well as the adult worms, matched 100% the sequences for the species P. cattani. The sequences obtained at mtDNA cox2 gene for Antarctic larvae matched 99% those available in GenBank for the sibling P. decipiens sp. E. Both MP and BI phylogenetic trees strongly supported P. cattani and P. decipiens sp. E as two distinct phylogenetic lineages and depicted the species P. decipiens sp. E as sister taxon to the remaining taxa of the P. decipiens complex. Larval morphometry was similar between specimens of P. cattani from Argentina, but significantly different from those of P. decipiens sp. E, indicating that larval forms can be distinguished based on their morphology. Pseudoterranova cattani is common and abundant in a variety of fish species from Chile, whereas few host species harbour these larvae in Argentina where they show low levels of parasitism. This pattern could arise from a combination of factors, including environmental conditions, density and dietary preferences of definitive hosts and life-cycle pathways of the parasite. Finally, this study revealed that the life-cycle of P. cattani involves mainly demersal and benthic organisms, with a marked preference by large-sized benthophagous fish. PMID:24161261

Timi, Juan T; Paoletti, Michela; Cimmaruta, Roberta; Lanfranchi, Ana L; Alarcos, Ana J; Garbin, Lucas; George-Nascimento, Mario; Rodríguez, Diego H; Giardino, Gisela V; Mattiucci, Simonetta

2014-01-17

390

Louisiana Gulf Coast onshore  

SciTech Connect

Thirty-eight parishes are included in the south Louisiana onshore district covered by this report. During 1980, a total of 1390 wells were drilled in onshore south Louisiana, with a total footage of 15,706,832. Of this total, wildcat wells numbered 269, exploratory wells numbered 232, and development wells numbered 889. On a percentage basis, 7% of all wildcat wells, 39% of all exploratory wells, and 59% of all development wells were successful completions. Wildcat drilling activity resulted in 19 new field discoveries during 1980. Total onshore leasing activity increased for the first time since 1976. Leasing in the district during 1980 amounted to 1,491,621 ac. This was a 51% increase over the 989,630 ac leased during 1979. Avoyelles, Tangipahoa, St. Helena, Terrebonne, and St. Landry parishes recorded the highest levels of leasing activity during the year. Geophysical activity in the Louisiana Gulf Coast onshore district increased for the eighth consecutive year. During 1980, the total geophysical activity amounted to 1656 crew weeks, marking an increase of 331 crew weeks over the 1979 total of 1325 crew weeks. The highest levels of geophysical activity were recorded in Cameron, Vermilion, Terrebonne, Tangipahoa, and St. Tammany parishes. The current high level of exploration activity in south Louisiana is expected to continue for the next several years.

McDowell, K.O. (Arco Oil and Gas Co., Inc., Lafayette, LA); Rives, J.S. II

1981-10-01

391

Computer-Assisted Identification of Protoplasts Responsible for Rare Division Events Reveals Guard-Cell Totipotency.  

PubMed Central

With the use of a computer-controlled microscope system to assist in the positioning and rapid relocation of large numbers of cultured cells, we were able to identify those protoplasts with the capacity to divide within a highly recalcitrant culture in which only a tiny fraction of the total population proceeds to produce viable microcalli. In the cultures used, comprising Beta vulgaris L. (sugar beet) leaf protoplasts, it was confirmed that these cells can be recognized solely on the basis of morphological characters. Therefore, a direct link exists between competence for cell division in vitro and cell type. Divergent callus morphologies and totipotent potential could also be ascribed to distinct protoplast types and hence to cells with a specific origin. The progenitors of the totipotent protoplasts in these cultures have been confirmed as being stomatal guard cells. Consequently, in plants even the most highly adapted living cells clearly retain and can reactivate all of the functional genetic information necessary to recreate the whole organism; an extreme degree of cytodifferentiation is, therefore, no hindrance to expressing totipotent potential. In addition to the considerable practical value of these findings, their implications concerning our understanding of both the control of gene expression and plant cell differentiation and its reversibility are of fundamental significance.

Hall, R. D.; Verhoeven, H. A.; Krens, F. A.

1995-01-01

392

Understanding promiscuity: when is seeking additional mates better than guarding an already found one?  

PubMed

Paternity protection and the acquisition of multiple mates select for different traits. The consensus from theoretical work is that mate-guarding intensifies with an increasing male bias in the adult sex ratio (ASR). A male bias can thus lead to male monogamy if guarding takes up the entire male time budget. Given that either female- or male-biased ASRs are possible, why is promiscuity clearly much more common than male monogamy? We address this question with two models, differing in whether males can assess temporal cues of female fertility. Our results confirm the importance of the ASR: guarding durations increase with decreasing female availability and increasing number of male competitors. However, several factors prevent the mating system from switching to male monogamy as soon as the ASR becomes male biased. Inefficient guarding, incomplete last male sperm precedence, any mechanism that allows sperm to fertilize eggs after the male's departure, and (in some cases) the unfeasibility of precopulatory guarding all help explain cases where promiscuity exists on its own or alongside temporally limited mate-guarding. Shortening the window of fertilization shifts guarding time budgets from the postcopulatory to the precopulatory stage. PMID:24094337

Harts, Anna M F; Kokko, Hanna

2013-10-01

393

47 CFR 80.1119 - Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations...Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations...Coast stations that receive a distress alert should defer acknowledgement for...

2012-10-01

394

47 CFR 80.1119 - Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations...Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations...Coast stations that receive a distress alert should defer acknowledgement for...

2011-10-01

395

National Guard service members returning home after deployment: the case for increased community support.  

PubMed

National Guard service members and their families face unique circumstances that distinguish them from other branches of the military. In this article, we highlight unique National Guard needs and argue that more can be done by policy makers to help this population. We present the findings from a representative survey of Michigan citizens showing that public support exists for increased assistance for these service members. Using the multiple streams framework, we propose that policy makers currently have the opportunity to facilitate increased support for National Guard members and families. Specifically we suggest policy implications that feature the important role of state and local resources. PMID:21547542

Blow, Adrian; MacInnes, Maryhelen D; Hamel, Jessica; Ames, Barbara; Onaga, Esther; Holtrop, Kendal; Gorman, Lisa; Smith, Sheila

2012-09-01

396

Guard cell biochemistry: response to environmental stimuli causing changes in gas exchange. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

A progress report covering several interrelated studies on the biochemistry and metabolism of leaf guard cells is presented. Subjects covered are: (1) abscisic acid and the control of stomatal aperture size; (2) real-time, direct measurements of NAD(P)H in microdroplets; (3) electron transport through the PSII reaction center in guard cells; (4) organic anion/acid fluctuations as a general phenomena; (5) histological compartmentation of metabolic functions; (6) construction of a gas exchange system; and (7) guard cell protoplast isolation. (DT)

Not Available

1983-01-01

397

77 FR 58930 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Announcing OMB Approval of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Announcing OMB Approval of...CONTACT: Peggy Mundy, Northwest Region Salmon Management Division, NMFS, 206-526-4323...regulatory areas in the commercial ocean salmon fishery off the coasts of...

2012-09-25

398

76 FR 57945 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Notice of Availability for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Notice of Availability for Amendment 16 to the Salmon Fishery Management Plan AGENCY: National...submitted Amendment 16 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for...

2011-09-19

399

77 FR 67327 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Notice of Availability for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Notice of Availability for Amendment 17 to the Salmon Fishery Management Plan AGENCY: National...transmitted Amendment 17 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for...

2012-11-09

400

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Interior, partitioned area in front of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Interior, partitioned area in front of view is toilet enclosure. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-7-1 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

401

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Detail of window grill on front ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Detail of window grill on front door (west facade). Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-6-4 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

402

A&M. Guard house (TAN638), contextual view with camera facing northeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638), contextual view with camera facing northeast towards TAN-607. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-4-2 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

403

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Interior detail of corner and windows. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Interior detail of corner and windows. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-7-3 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

404

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Oblique view of east and south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Oblique view of east and south facades. Camera facing northerly. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-4-4 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

405

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Interior detail turnstile and view to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Interior detail turnstile and view to door. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-7-2 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

406

Response capabilities of the National Guard: a focus on domestic disaster medical response.  

PubMed

The National Guard has a 373-year history of responding to the nation's call to duty for service both at home and abroad (The National Guard Bureau Web site: Available at http://www.ngb.army.mil/default. aspx.). The National Guard (NG) is a constitutionally unique organization (United States Constitution, US Government Printing Office Web site: Available at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/constitution/index.html.). Today's Guard conducts domestic disaster response and civilian assistance missions on a daily basis. Yet, the NG's role, mission, and capabilities are not well-known or understood. The National Response Framework (NRF) places significant responsibility on the local and state disaster planners (Department of Homeland Security: National Response Framework. US Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC, January 2008). The public health professionals are an integral component of the disaster planning community. It is critical that the public health community be knowledgeable of types and capabilities of all the response assets at their disposal. PMID:20349703

Bochicchio, Daniel

2010-01-01

407

Full-Scale Crash Tests of Rigid Simulated Heavy Vehicle Underride Guard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of six tests of automobiles impacting a rigid simulated heavy vehicle underride guard are presented. The test vehicles represented three general classes of conventional automobiles: (1) small, lightweight rear engine vehicles, (2) standard full si...

N. J. DeLeys K. N. Naab

1970-01-01

408

Anthrax Vaccine: Preliminary Results of GAO's Survey of Guard/Reserve Pilots and Aircrew Members.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

While many factors can influence an individual's decision to leave the military, surveyed Guard and Reserve pilots and aircrew members cited the anthrax immunization as a key reason for leaving or otherwise changing their military status. Since September ...

K. Chan

2000-01-01

409

IET. Exclusion guard house, 71.8% complete. Camera facing northerly. Pumice ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

IET. Exclusion guard house, 71.8% complete. Camera facing northerly. Pumice block walls, canopy over concrete slabs. Date: October 20, 1954. INEEL negative no. 12541 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

410

30 CFR 57.12066 - Guarding trolley wires and bare powerlines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface Only § 57.12066 Guarding trolley wires and bare powerlines. Where metallic tools or equipment can...

2013-07-01

411

30 CFR 56.12023 - Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12023 Guarding electrical connections and resistor grids. Electrical connections and resistor grids that...

2013-07-01

412

Strategic Plan for the Academic Component of the Army National Guard Distance Learning Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document outlines the overall strategy for implementing an academic component for distance learning (DL) in the Army National Guard (NG). This plan support an initiate to develop a regional demonstration network for DL that will serve as a prototype ...

P. F. Ramsberger C. M. Knerr D. D. McKinney P. J. Sticha E. A. Kronholm

1998-01-01

413

Statistical organelle dissection of Arabidopsis guard cells using image database LIPS  

PubMed Central

To comprehensively grasp cell biological events in plant stomatal movement, we have captured microscopic images of guard cells with various organelles markers. The 28,530 serial optical sections of 930 pairs of Arabidopsis guard cells have been released as a new image database, named Live Images of Plant Stomata (LIPS). We visualized the average organellar distributions in guard cells using probabilistic mapping and image clustering techniques. The results indicated that actin microfilaments and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are mainly localized to the dorsal side and connection regions of guard cells. Subtractive images of open and closed stomata showed distribution changes in intracellular structures, including the ER, during stomatal movement. Time-lapse imaging showed that similar ER distribution changes occurred during stomatal opening induced by light irradiation or femtosecond laser shots on neighboring epidermal cells, indicating that our image analysis approach has identified a novel ER relocation in stomatal opening.

Higaki, Takumi; Kutsuna, Natsumaro; Hosokawa, Yoichiroh; Akita, Kae; Ebine, Kazuo; Ueda, Takashi; Kondo, Noriaki; Hasezawa, Seiichiro

2012-01-01

414

Analysis and Design of Crosstalk Noise Reduction for Coupled Striplines Inserted Guard Trace With an Open-Stub on Time-Domain in High-Speed Digital Circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grounded guard traces are increasingly utilized to mitigate crosstalk noise interference in printed circuit boards or packages. This paper discusses how the coupled striplines inserted guard trace with an open-stub affects the crosstalk noise. The guard trace with an open-stub, also called guard trace stub, seriously degrades the performance of the coupled striplines with respect to signal integrity, and the

Guang-Hwa Shiue; Jia-Hung Shiu; Po-Wei Chiu

2011-01-01

415

Internal Lateral Nasal Osteotomy: Double-Guarded Osteotome and Mucosa Tearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the internal lateral nasal osteotomy, a 4-mm double-guarded straight osteotome that separates the external periost and\\u000a mucoperiosteum while the osteotomy is progressing is presented. Before the osteotomy, the external periost and the internal\\u000a mucoperiosteum are infiltrated with local anesthesia and elevated by tunneling with an elevator. As the sharp part is behind\\u000a the guards, it is not possible for

A. Aldo Mottura

2011-01-01

416

The effects of manipulating phospholipase C on guard cell ABA-signalling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies using stably transformed tobacco plants containing very low levels of PI-PLC in their guard cells show that this enzyme plays a role in the events associated with the inhibition of stomatal opening by ABA, but not in the cellular reactions that are responsible for ABA-induced stomatal closure. However, Commelina communis guard cells microinjected with the InsP3 antagonist, heparin, fail

Lewis N. Mills; Lee Hunt; Calum P. Leckie; Fiona L. Aitken; Mark Wentworth; Martin R. McAinsh; Julie E. Gray; Alistair M. Hetherington

2010-01-01

417

Rapid adjustment of guard-cell abscisic acid levels to current leaf-water status  

SciTech Connect

Detached broad bean (Vicia faba L.) leaflets were water stressed; within 15 minutes, guard-cell abscisic acid (ABA) concentration increased ninefold. This result eliminates the apparent discrepancy raised by reports of no correlation between initial water-stress effects on stomata and leaf ABA concentration. Six hours after stress relief, guard-cell ABA concentration was near the prestress value, which would seem to implicate other factors in stress after-effects on stomata.

Harris, M.J.; Outlaw, W.H. Jr. (Florida State Univ., Tallahassee (United States))

1991-01-01

418

On the effectiveness of a message-driven confidence-driven protocol for guarded software upgrading  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to accomplish dependable onboard evolution, we develop a methodology which is called guarded software upgrading (GSU). The core of the methodology is a low-cost error containment and recovery protocol that escorts an upgraded software component through onboard validation and guarded operation, safeguarding mission functions. The message-driven confidence-driven (MDCD) nature of the protocol elim- inates the need for costly

Ann T. Tai; Kam S. Tso; Leon Alkalai; Savio N. Chau; William H. Sanders

2001-01-01

419

On the effectiveness of a message-driven confidence-driven protocol for guarded software upgrading  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to accomplish dependable onboard evolution, we develop a methodology which is called “guarded software upgrading” (GSU). The core of the methodology is a low-cost error containment and recovery protocol that escorts an upgraded software component through onboard validation, and guarded operation, safeguarding mission functions. The message-driven confidence-driven (MDCD) nature of the protocol eliminates the need for costly process

A. T. Tai; K. S. Tso; L. Alkalai; S. N. Chau; W. H. Sanders

2000-01-01

420

Ethylene-induced flavonol accumulation in guard cells suppresses reactive oxygen species and moderates stomatal aperture.  

PubMed

Guard cell swelling controls the aperture of stomata, pores that facilitate gas exchange and water loss from leaves. The hormone abscisic acid (ABA) has a central role in regulation of stomatal closure through synthesis of second messengers, which include reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS accumulation must be minimized by antioxidants to keep concentrations from reaching damaging levels within the cell. Flavonols are plant metabolites that have been implicated as antioxidants; however, their antioxidant activity in planta has been debated. Flavonols accumulate in guard cells of Arabidopsis thaliana, but not surrounding pavement cells, as visualized with a flavonol-specific dye. The expression of a reporter driven by the promoter of CHALCONE SYNTHASE, a gene encoding a flavonol biosynthetic enzyme, in guard cells, but not pavement cells, suggests guard cell-specific flavonoid synthesis. Increased levels of ROS were detected using a fluorescent ROS sensor in guard cells of transparent testa4-2, which has a null mutation in CHALCONE SYNTHASE and therefore synthesizes no flavonol antioxidants. Guard cells of transparent testa4-2 show more rapid ABA-induced closure than the wild type, suggesting that flavonols may dampen the ABA-dependent ROS burst that drives stomatal closing. The levels of flavonols are positively regulated in guard cells by ethylene treatment in the wild type, but not in the ethylene-insensitive2-5 mutant. In addition, in both ethylene-overproducing1 and ethylene-treated wild-type plants, elevated flavonols lead to decreasing ROS and slower ABA-mediated stomatal closure. These results are consistent with flavonols suppressing ROS accumulation and decreasing the rate of ABA-dependent stomatal closure, with ethylene-induced increases in guard cell flavonols modulating these responses. PMID:24596331

Watkins, Justin M; Hechler, Paul J; Muday, Gloria K

2014-04-01

421

Blue light activates electrogenic ion pumping in guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transmembrane ion exchange and blue-light dependent responses are central processes in plants in general1,2 and stomatal guard cells in particular3. Stimuli, including light, cause H+ extrusion by stomatal guard cells4,5, K+ uptake, osmotic swelling and enlarged stomatal pore apertures, resulting in increased leaf conductance for CO2 influx and water efflux6. The mechanisms under-lying ion movement and the specific response of

S. M. Assmann; L. Simoncini; J. I. Schroeder

1985-01-01

422

Mate guarding in the Seychelles warbler is energetically costly and adjusted to paternity risk.  

PubMed Central

Males may increase their fitness through extra-pair copulations (copulations outside the pair bond) that result in extra-pair fertilizations, but also risk lost paternity when they leave their own mate unguarded. The fitness costs of cuckoldry for Seychelles warblers (Acrocephalus sechellensis) are considerable because warblers have a single-egg clutch and, given the short breeding season, no time for a successful replacement clutch. Neighbouring males are the primary threat to a male's genetic paternity. Males minimize their loss of paternity by guarding their mates to prevent them from having extra-pair copulations during their fertile period. Here, I provide experimental evidence that mate-guarding behaviour is energetically costly and that the expression of this trade-off is adjusted to paternity risk (local male density). Free-living males that were induced to reduce mate guarding spent significantly more time foraging and gained significantly better body condition than control males. The larger the reduction in mate guarding, the more pronounced was the increase in foraging and body condition (accounting for food availability). An experimental increase in paternity risk resulted in an increase in mate-guarding intensity and a decrease in foraging and body condition, and vice versa. This is examined using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. This study on the Seychelles warbler offers experimental evidence that mate guarding is energetically costly and adjusted to paternity risk.

Komdeur, J.

2001-01-01

423

47 CFR 80.1119 - Receipt and acknowledgement of distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations. 80.1119 Section 80.1119...distress alerts by coast stations and coast earth stations. (a) Coast stations...watches for coast stations.) (b) Coast earth stations in receipt of distress...

2013-10-01

424

Cameleon calcium indicator reports cytoplasmic calcium dynamics in Arabidopsis guard cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cytoplasmic free calcium ([Ca2+]cyt) acts as a stimulus-induced second messenger in plant cells and multiple signal transduction pathways regulate [Ca2+]cyt in stomatal guard cells. Measuring [Ca2+]cyt in guard cells has previously required loading of calcium-sensitive dyes using invasive and technically difficult micro-injection techniques. To circumvent these problems, we have constitutively expressed the pH-independent, green fluorescent protein-based calcium indicator yellow cameleon 2.1 in Arabidopsis thaliana (Miyawaki et al. 1999; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 2135-2140). This yellow cameleon calcium indicator was expressed in guard cells and accumulated predominantly in the cytoplasm. Fluorescence ratio imaging of yellow cameleon 2.1 allowed time-dependent measurements of [Ca2+]cyt in Arabidopsis guard cells. Application of extracellular calcium or the hormone abscisic acid (ABA) induced repetitive [Ca2+]cyt transients in guard cells. [Ca2+]cyt changes could be semi-quantitatively determined following correction of the calibration procedure for chloroplast autofluorescence. Extracellular calcium induced repetitive [Ca2+]cyt transients with peak values of up to approximately 1.5 microM, whereas ABA-induced [Ca2+]cyt transients had peak values up to approximately 0.6 microM. These values are similar to stimulus-induced [Ca2+]cyt changes previously reported in plant cells using ratiometric dyes or aequorin. In some guard cells perfused with low extracellular KCl concentrations, spontaneous calcium transients were observed. As yellow cameleon 2.1 was expressed in all guard cells, [Ca2+]cyt was measured independently in the two guard cells of single stomates for the first time. ABA-induced, calcium-induced or spontaneous [Ca2+]cyt increases were not necessarily synchronized in the two guard cells. Overall, these data demonstrate that that GFP-based cameleon calcium indicators are suitable to measure [Ca2+]cyt changes in guard cells and enable the pattern of [Ca2+]cyt dynamics to be measured with a high level of reproducibility in Arabidopsis cells. This technical advance in combination with cell biological and molecular genetic approaches will become an invaluable tool in the dissection of plant cell signal transduction pathways.

Allen, G. J.; Kwak, J. M.; Chu, S. P.; Llopis, J.; Tsien, R. Y.; Harper, J. F.; Schroeder, J. I.; Evans, M. L. (Principal Investigator)

1999-01-01

425

Sugar Concentrations in Guard Cells of Vicia faba Illuminated with Red or Blue Light 1  

PubMed Central

Concentrations of soluble sugars in guard cells in detached, sonicated epidermis from Vicia faba leaves were analyzed quantitatively by high performance liquid chromatography to determine the extent to which sugars could contribute to changes in the osmotic potentials of guard cells during stomatal opening. Stomata were illuminated over a period of 4 hours with saturating levels of red or blue light, or a combination of red and blue light. When stomata were irradiated for 3 hours with red light (50 micromoles per square meter per second) in a solution of 5 millimolar KCl and 0.1 millimolar CaCl2, stomatal apertures increased a net maximum of 6.7 micrometers and the concentration of total soluble sugar was 289 femtomoles per guard cell (70% sucrose, 30% fructose). In an identical solution, 2.5 hours of irradiation with 25 micromoles per square meter per second of blue light caused a maximum net increase of 7.1 micrometers in stomatal aperture and the total soluble sugar concentration was 550 femtomoles per guard cell (91% sucrose, 9% fructose). Illumination with blue light at 25 micromoles per square meter per second in a solution lacking KCl caused a maximum net increase in stomatal aperture of 3.5 micrometers and the sugar concentration was 382 femtomoles per guard cell (82% sucrose, 18% fructose). In dual beam experiments, stomata irradiated with 50 micromoles per square meter per second of red light opened steadily with a concomitant increase in sugar production. Addition of 25 micromoles per square meter per second of blue light caused a further net gain of 3.7 micrometers in stomatal aperture and, after 2 hours, sugar concentrations had increased by an additional 138 femtomoles per guard cell. Experiments with 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) were performed with epidermis illuminated with 50 micromoles per square meter per second of red light or with 25 micromoles per square meter per second of blue light in solutions containing or lacking KCl. DCMU completely inhibited sugar production under red light, had no effect on guard cell sugar production under blue light when KCl was present, and inhibited sugar production by about 50% when guard cells were illuminated with blue light in solutions lacking KCl. We conclude that soluble sugars can contribute significantly to the osmoregulation of guard cells in detached leaf epidermis of V. faba. These results are consistent with the operation of two different sugar-producing pathways in guard cells: a photosynthetic carbon reduction pathway and a pathway of blue light-induced starch degradation. ImagesFigure 1

Poffenroth, Matthew; Green, David B.; Tallman, Gary

1992-01-01

426

Bryan Coast, English Coast, Alexander Island, Fallieres Coast, and Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of Antarctica shows the Bryan Coast (lower left), the English Coast (lower central), Alexander Island (middle right), the Fallieres Coast (top right), and the Bellingshausen Sea. The entire continent has been dedicated to peaceful scientific investigation since 1961, with the signing of the Antarctic Treaty.The waters surrounding Antarctica are intensely cold. Salt water freezes at -2C, allowing sea ice to form. The middle left portion of the image shows quite a lot of sea ice in the Bellingshausen Sea. During the Antarctic winter, when data for this image was acquired, Antarctica doubles in size to about 28.5 million square km (or about 11 million square miles), and temperatures in the -60C range are common.This true-color image was compiled from MODIS data gathered March 29, 2002. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

2002-01-01

427

Transforming the Army National Guard Health Promotion Policy - Meeting the Challenges of a 'Fit to Fight' Army National Guard in the 21st Century.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army National Guard (ARNG) has become an operational force vital to the successful achievement of the Army's strategic goals. This new role has propelled the ARNG into frequent deployments of extended durations of time. The ARNG soldier has met the ch...

D. T. Rooney

2006-01-01

428

Comparative study on foraminifera of east and west coast of India.  

PubMed

The oceanographic conditions of west and east coasts of India provide variations in ecological conditions. Hence, the present study was undertaken to assess the geographic distribution and diversity of foraminifera (Protista) of west and east Coasts of India to gain insights in to ecological conditions that effect their distribution. The intertidal sediment samples, collected for a period of two years from October 2004 to September 2006 were analysed for foraminiferal diversity and sediment characteristics by standard methods. Relatively high densities (west coast--156 to 19,400 g(-1), east coast--37-214 g(-1)) and diversities were observed at all the sites of the West (74 species) compared to the east coast (57 species). Thirty three species were common to both the coasts. Forty one and 24 species were found to be unique to west and east coast, respectively. Foraminifera of west and east coasts form distinct clusters as revealed by Bray-Curtis cluster analysis, indicating distinctly different foraminiferal assemblages. The geographical and oceanographic conditions thus seem to influence a differential diversity of forams. PMID:23734457

Gadi, Subhadra Devi; Patil, Rajashekhar K

2012-09-01

429

Nearshore Suspended Sediment Variations, Central Surinam Coast.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nearshore suspended sediment concentration along the muddy Surinam coast is highly variable; maximum values are many times greater than on other muddy coasts. Water samples taken at four field stations during various stages of the tide range in concentrat...

J. T. Wells J. M. Coleman

1977-01-01

430

Learning Without Boundaries: A NASA - National Guard Bureau Distance Learning Partnership  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With a variety of high-quality live interactive educational programs originating at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas and other space and research centers, the US space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has a proud track record of connecting with students throughout the world and stimulating their creativity and collaborative skills by teaching them underlying scientific and technological underpinnings of space exploration. However, NASA desires to expand its outreach capability for this type of interactive instruction. In early 2002, NASA and the National Guard Bureau -- using the Guard's nationwide system of state-ofthe-art classrooms and high bandwidth network -- began a collaboration to extend the reach of NASA content and educational programs to more of America's young people. Already, hundreds of elementary, middle, and high school students have visited Guard e-Learning facilities and participated in interactive NASA learning events. Topics have included experimental flight, satellite imagery-interpretation, and Mars exploration. Through this partnership, NASA and the National Guard are enabling local school systems throughout the United States (and, increasingly, the world) to use the excitement of space flight to encourage their students to become passionate about the possibility of one day serving as scientists, mathematicians, technologists, and engineers. At the 54th International Astronautical Conference MAJ Stephan Picard, the guiding visionary behind the Guard's partnership with NASA, and Chris Chilelli, an educator and senior instructional designer at NASA, will share with attendees background on NASA's educational products and the National Guard's distributed learning network; will discuss the unique opportunity this partnership already has provided students and teachers throughout the United States; will offer insights into the formation by government entities of e-Learning partnerships with one another; and will suggest a possible future for the NASA - National Guard Bureau partnership, one potentially to include live multi-party interaction of hundreds of students in several countries with astronauts, scientists, engineers and designers. To inspire the next generation of explorers as only NASA can!

Anderson, Susan H.; Chilelli, Christopher J.; Picard, Stephan

2003-01-01

431

Guard Cell Starch Biosynthesis Regulated by Effectors of ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase 1  

PubMed Central

ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase catalyzes the regulated step of starch bioynthesis in mesophyll chloroplasts. This enzyme is activated by a high ratio of the concentrations of 3-P-glycerate to inorganic phosphate (Pi) in light. In contrast, starch in guard cell chloroplasts is degraded when stomata open, which usually occurs in light. We have investigated the biochemical causes for this contrasting phenomenon. Vicia faba L. leaflets were sampled in darkness and after various periods of illumination. The samples were quick-frozen and freeze-dried. Guard cells and other cells were dissected out, weighed, and assayed for ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase activity, 3-P-glycerate, and Pi. In the pyrophosphorolytic direction, ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase specific activity in guard cells was 2.7 moles per kilogram protein per hour, which was comparable to the values obtained for palisade and spongy cells. The specific activity in epidermal cells was 4-fold lower. Under our assay conditions, the guard cell enzyme activity was 5-fold higher in the presence of 3-P-glycerate and 5-fold lower with Pi (i.e. similar to the results obtained with extracts of fresh leaflet). During three minutes of illumination, 3-P-glycerate concentration in palisade cells increased 2.5-fold to 10 millimoles per kilogram dry mass. The concentration of 3-P-glycerate in guard cells was 20-fold lower and unaffected by illumination. The concentration of Pi was approximately 17 millimoles per kilogram dry mass in palisade cells, but was 10-fold higher in guard cells. These overall cellular Pi concentrations were unaffected by illumination. We conclude that starch biosynthesis in guard cells is not activated by light because of the low and constant 3-P-glycerate concentration there. We interpret this last to be a consequence of the absence of the photosynthetic carbon reduction pathway in chloroplasts of these cells.

Outlaw, William H.; Tarczynski, Mitchell C.

1984-01-01

432

Shock-Absorbing Effects of Various Padding Conditions in Improving Efficacy of Wrist Guards  

PubMed Central

The use of wrist guards has limited efficacy in preventing wrist injuries during falling in many sports activities. The objectives of this study were to measure the ground reaction force of the hand under simulated impact of the forearm and hand complex with different padding conditions of wrist guards and to analyze their impact force attenuation and maximum energy absorption for improved functional efficiency. A total of 15 subjects, wearing a commercial wrist guard, participated in a cable-released hand impact experiment to test four different conditions on the volar aspect of the hand, which include a wrist guard without a volar splint (bare hand), with a volar splint (normal use), with a volar splint and additional viscoelastic polymeric padding, and a volar splint and additional air cell padding. The ground reaction force and acceleration of the hand were measured using a force platform mounted on an anti-vibration table and a miniature accelerometer, respectively. Additional padding on the bare hand could substantially improve the maximum energy absorption by more than 39%, with no differences with each other. However, only the air cell padding could simultaneously improve the impact force attenuation by 32% compared with the bare hand impact without compromising the maximum energy absorption. It is recommended that common wrist guard design should provide more compliant padding in the volar aspect to improve the impact force attenuation through optimal material selection and design. Key Points The controversial efficacy of wrist guards in preventing wrist injuries during falling was tested through investigation of their impact force attenuation and maximum energy absorption from the measured ground reaction force of the hand under simulated impact of the forearm and hand complex with four different padding conditions of wrist guards: a wrist guard without a volar splint (bare hand), with a volar splint (normal use), with a volar splint and additional viscoelastic polymeric padding, and a volar splint and additional air cell padding. In general, padding on the bare hand could improve the maximum energy absorption by more than 39%, while only the air cell padding could simultaneously attenuate the peak impact force by 32% without compromising the maximum energy absorption. Common wrist guard design requires more compliant padding in the volar aspect to improve the impact force attenuation, which should be done through optimal material selection and design.

Hwang, Il-Kyu; Kim, Kyu-Jung

2004-01-01

433

[The distribution of plastids in mitosis of guard cell mother cells of haploid trifolium hybridum L].  

PubMed

In order to investigate whether during mitosis of guard cell mother cells the plastids are distributed to the daughter cells at random, a haploid of Trifolium hybridum, a species with only three to four chloroplasts in one diploid guard cell, was searched for and found. As expected, the guard cell mother cells in this plant contained only about two plastids. If distribution to the daughter cells would occur strictly at random, among the guard cell pairs with two chloroplasts the pairs with 1/1 and those with 2/0 chloroplasts should appear in equal amounts. However, 159 pairs of type 1/1 and only 35 pairs of type 2/0 were found, i.e., 18% of type 2/0 (upper limit of 99% confidence interval: 25%), indicating that the plastids have been apportioned to a fairly great degree. The result may be understood by considering that the plastids in guard cell mother cells are not scattered at random throughout the cell space, but are more regularly spread as are the chloroplasts in adult cells. PMID:24515426

Butterfass, T

1969-09-01

434

Formation of self-aligned guard rings for monolithic Schottky-barrier diode arrays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method for fabricating self-aligned n-type guard rings in a body of p-type silicon for a silicide/Schottky-barrier diode array consists of depositing SiO2 with uniformly distributed phosphorus ions as a masking layer on the surface of the p-doped silicon body before etching the masking layer in the desired pattern of guard rings. N-type guard rings buried in the p-type silicon substrate are then formed by heating the structure to diffuse the phosphorus ions remaining on the surface functions as a mask for the remaining steps of the process which are to deposit metal over the entire surface of the structure and then form a silicide in those areas inside the SiO2 grid pattern by heating the structure. Metal not converted to a silicide is then removed by etching. The silicide and p-type silicon form a Schottky-barrier diode at their junction in areas inside the buried guard rings. Overlap of the silicide and the guard rings is minimized by this self-aligning technique to maximize the fill factor of the array.

Lin, True-Lon

1991-05-01

435

Sympathetically induced changes in the responses of guard hair and type II receptors in the cat.  

PubMed Central

1. Sympathetic effects on the activity of single guard hair receptors and slowly adapting, type II mechanoreceptors were studied in anaesthetized cats. 2. Spontaneous activity in type II receptors and mechanically evoked activity in both type II and guard hair receptors was recorded both without and with electrical stimulation of the lumbar sympathetic trunk. 3. Almost all guard hair receptors were desensitized by sympathetic stimulation, the mean effect being an increase in threshold to 2.2 times the unconditioned value. 4. One third of the more slowly adapting guard hair units showed sympathetically induced spontaneous activity. 5. These sympathetic effects on guard hair receptors appear not to be related to pilomotor responses or to changes in central arterial pressure. 6. Individual type II receptors were found to be excited by skin stretch along one of two axes: either parallel or perpendicular to the long axis of the leg. Intermediate orientations were not observed. 7. 'Perpendicular' units showed marked increases in resting discharge but no change in mechanical sensitivity during sympathetic stimulation. 'Parallel' units were unaffected. 8. The sympathetic effect appeared not to be related to changes in blood pressure or skin tension. 9. It is suggested that the location and orientation of stretch sensitivity of these receptors make them well suited for detection of limb movements; however, no satisfactory functional explanation was found for the pronounced sympathetic facilitation of only one subset of the receptors. Images Plate 1

Pierce, J P; Roberts, W J

1981-01-01

436

Roles of intracellular hydrogen peroxide accumulation in abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells  

PubMed Central

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), are among the important second messengers in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling in guard cells. In this study, to investigate specific roles of H2O2 in ABA signaling in guard cells, we examined the effects of mutations in the guard cell-expressed catalase (CAT) genes, CAT1 and CAT3, and of the CAT inhibitor 3-aminotriazole (AT) on stomatal movement. The cat3 and cat1 cat3 mutations significantly reduced CAT activities, leading to higher basal level of H2O2 in guard cells, when assessed by 2?,7?-dichlorodihydrofluorescein, whereas they did not affect stomatal aperture size under non-stressed condition. In addition, AT-treatment at the concentrations that abolish CAT activities, showed trivial affect on stomatal aperture size, while basal H2O2 level increased extensively. In contrast, cat mutations and AT-treatment potentiated ABA-induced stomatal closure. Inducible ROS production triggered by ABA was observed in these mutants and wild type as well as in AT-treated guard cells. These results suggest that the ABA-inducible cytosolic H2O2 elevation functions in ABA-induced stomatal closure, while constitutive raise of H2O2 did not caused stomatal closure.

Jannat, Rayhanur; Uraji, Misugi; Morofuji, Miho; Islam, Mohammad Muzahidul; Bloom, Rachel E.; Nakamura, Yoshimasa; McClung, C. Robertson; Schroeder, Julian I.; Mori, Izumi C.; Murata, Yoshiyuki

2014-01-01

437

Nest-mate recognition template of guard honeybees (Apis mellifera) is modified by wax comb transfer.  

PubMed

In recognition, discriminators use sensory information to make decisions. For example, honeybee (Apis mellifera) entrance guards discriminate between nest-mates and intruders by comparing their odours with a template of the colony odour. Comb wax plays a major role in honeybee recognition. We measured the rejection rates of nest-mate and non-nest-mate worker bees by entrance guards before and after a unidirectional transfer of wax comb from a 'comb donor' hive to a 'comb receiver' hive. Our results showed a significant effect that occurred in one direction. Guards in the comb receiver hive became more accepting of non-nest-mates from the comb donor hive (rejection decreased from 70 to 47%); however, guards in the comb donor hive did not become more accepting of bees from the comb receiver hive. These data strongly support the hypothesis that the transfer of wax comb increases the acceptance of non-nest-mates not by changing the odour of the bees, but by changing the template used by guards. PMID:17493913

Couvillon, Margaret J; Caple, Jamie P; Endsor, Samuel L; Kärcher, Martin; Russell, Trudy E; Storey, Darren E; Ratnieks, Francis L W

2007-06-22

438

78 FR 29145 - Request for Public Comment on New Proposed Categorical Exclusion for Real Property Disposal Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...disposal undertaken by the United States Coast Guard. The Coast Guard seeks...email Ms. Kebby Kelly, United States Coast Guard Office of Environmental...Environmental Planning Program; and United States Coast Guard Commandant Instruction...

2013-05-17

439

Red Tide off Texas Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Red tides (algae) bloomed late this summer along a 300-mile stretch of Texas' Gulf Coast, killing millions of fish and shellfish as well as making some people sick. State officials are calling this the worst red tide bloom in 14 years. The algae produces a poison that paralyzes fish and prevents them from breathing. There is concern that the deadly algae could impact or even wipe out this year's oyster harvest in Texas, which usually peaks during the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays. The red tides were first observed off the Texas coast in mid-August and have been growing steadily in size ever since. Red tides tend to bloom and subside rapidly, depending upon changes in wind speed and direction, water temperature, salinity, and rainfall patterns (as the algae doesn't do as well in fresher water). This true-color image of the Texas Gulf Coast was acquired on September 29, 2000, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. The red tide can be seen as the dark reddish discoloration in the ocean running southwest to northeast along the coast. In this scene, the bloom appears to be concentrated north and east of Corpus Christi, just off Matagorda Island. The image was made at 500-meter resolution using a combination of MODIS' visible bands 1 (red), 4 (green), and 3 (blue). The city of Houston can be seen clearly as the large, greyish cluster of pixels to the north and west of Galveston Bay, which is about mid-way up the coastline in this image. Also visible in this image are plumes of smoke, perhaps wildfires, both to the north and northeast of Houston. For more information about red tides, refer to the Texas Red Tide Web site. Image courtesy Andrey Savtchenko, MODIS Data Support Team, and the MODIS Ocean Team, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

2002-01-01

440

A convenient method for guarding against localized mucositis during radiation therapy.  

PubMed

Metal restorations, such as full gold crowns and dental implants, can cause forward and back scatter radiation during radiation therapy with a dose enhancement to adjacent tissues. Mucositis, one of the most common complications of the radiation treatment of oral, as well as other head and neck malignancies can result. A method for constructing a buccolingual guard in the clinical setting using hydroplastic material is described. The guard can be easily oriented and adapted to an existing radiation stent, adding positional stability and patient comfort. When adequate thickness of material is used, the guard can attenuate forward and back scatter radiation, separate the adjacent tissues from metal restorations, and protect the oral mucosa from localized incidents of mucositis. PMID:7866501

Wang, R; Boyle, A

1994-12-01

441

Double-blind evaluation of the DKL LifeGuard Model 2  

SciTech Connect

On March 20, 1998, Sandia National Laboratories performed a double-blind test of the DKL LifeGuard human presence detector and tracker. The test was designed to allow the device to search for individuals well within the product`s published operational parameters. The Test Operator of the DKL LifeGuard was provided by the manufacturer and was a high-ranking member of DKL management. The test was developed and implemented to verify the performance of the device as specified by the manufacturer. The device failed to meet its published specifications and it performed no better than random chance.

Murray, D.W.; Spencer, F.W.; Spencer, D.D.

1998-05-01

442

Development of a testing procedure for a guarded hot box facility  

SciTech Connect

ASTM Test for Thermal Conductance and Transmittance of Built-Up Sections by Means of the Guarded Hot Box (C 236) states that the net heat flow through the metering box walls should be minimized. In order to satisfy this requirement, a testing procedure was developed to experimentally define the required thermopile emf set point across the metering box walls of the W.R. Grace and Company guarded hot box (GHB). This method of calibration can be applied to any GHB. Thermal conductances of three specimens were measured using the results of the calibration procedure and were found to be within 3% of the values obtained by other independent test methods.

Orlandi, R.D.; Howanski, J.W.; Derderian, G.D.; Shu, L.S.

1983-01-01

443

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms among National Guard Soldiers Deployed to Iraq: Associations with Parenting Behaviors and Couple Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In this article, we report findings from a 1-year longitudinal study examining the impact of change in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following combat deployment on National Guard soldiers' perceived parenting and couple adjustment 1 year following return from Iraq. Method: Participants were 468 Army National Guard

Gewirtz, Abigail H.; Polusny, Melissa A.; DeGarmo, David S.; Khaylis, Anna; Erbes, Christopher R.

2010-01-01

444

Geomorphic observations of rivers in the Oregon Coast Range from a regional reconnaissance perspective  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Changes in long profile, gradient, gradient index, pseudo-hypsometric integral, valley incision, and sinuosity fractal dimension for rivers in western Oregon were studied to determine their usefulness in assessing an hypothesis of differential uplift within the Coast Range. All data were gathered from topographic quadrangles and geologic maps, and so the results of this paper are limited to the description of river forms with only limited interpretations. Rivers were naturally divided into three groups, those in the western Coast Range, the eastern Coast Range, and the Klamath and Cascade Ranges, and differences in river morphometry were generalized. Rivers in the western Coast Range had more divergent characteristics, whereas those in the other groups were more similar within each group. For example, long profiles of western Coast Range rivers had diverse forms, but in the other groups, long profiles were similar within the group. Pseudo-hypsometric integrals had a wide scatter in the western Coast Range, but in the other ranges, the pseudo-hypsometric integral was more narrowly defined. Valley entrenchment and high sinuosity were common in the western Coast Range, and were less visible in the eastern Coast Range. These regional generalizations do not hold for the central Coast Range near 44.5??N where the Yaquina and Marys Rivers are located. In the eastern Coast Range, the Marys River is unique in that it has a convex bulge in its long profile, does not have an increasing valley-floor width to valley height ratio downstream, and has a high sinuosity fractal dimension. In the western Coast Range, the Yaquina River is unique in that it has a smoothly decreasing long profile, has a very low pseudo-hypsometric integral, and does not have a decreasing valley-floor width to valley height ratio downstream. There may be many explanations for these observations, but these observations are also consistent with tectonic interpretations that the central western Coast Range is the locus of synclinal tilting and that the entire Oregon coast is experiencing landward tilting and uplift. ?? 1993.

Rhea, S.

1993-01-01

445

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Detail of west facade and front ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Detail of west facade and front door. Flood light bent below eave. Traffic control signal in view. Camera facing east. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-6-3 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

446

A&M. Guard house (TAN638). Oblique view of north and west ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Guard house (TAN-638). Oblique view of north and west facades. (Door in west facade) . Facing southerly. Date: February 4, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-33-4-3 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

447

Female choice and the benefits of mate guarding by male mallards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pair formation and breeding in many species of waterfowl are separated both temporally and spatially. Most studies of female choice in this group have focused on male characteristics at the time of pairing, with less attention given to how mate choice affects breeding season outcomes. In this study I compared pairing success, male plasma testosterone level and mate-guarding ability of

Ellen S. Davis

2002-01-01

448

Children of National Guard Troops Deployed in the Global War on Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined deployment effects in children and spouses of National Guard troops using a longitudinal design to assess 18 children (ages 6 to 17 years) and 13 nondeployed spouses before, during, and after deployment. Both self- and parent reports revealed that children of deployed service personnel experienced emotional and behavioral symptoms during the deployment of their fathers relative to

Betty Pfefferbaum; J. Brian Houston; Michelle D. Sherman; Ashley G. Melson

2011-01-01

449

Two Transduction Pathways Mediate Rapid Effects of Abscisic Acid in Commelina Guard Cells.  

PubMed Central

Commelina guard cells can be rapidly closed by abscisic acid (ABA), and it is thought that this signal is always transduced through increases in cytosolic calcium. However, when Commelina plants were grown at 10 to 17[deg]C, most guard cells failed to exhibit any ABA-induced increase in cytosolic calcium even though all of these cells closed. At growth temperatures of 25[deg]C or above, ABA-induced closure was always associated with an increase in cytosolic calcium. This suggests that there may be two transduction routes for ABA in guard cells; only one involves increases in cytosolic calcium. Activation of either pathway on its own appears to be sufficient to cause closure. Because the rates of ABA accumulation and transport in plants grown at different temperatures are likely to be different, we synthesized and microinjected caged ABA directly into guard cells. ABA was released internally by UV photolysis and subsequently caused stomatal closure. This result suggests a possible intracellular locale for the hypothesized ABA receptor.

Allan, A. C.; Fricker, M. D.; Ward, J. L.; Beale, M. H.; Trewavas, A. J.

1994-01-01

450

16 CFR Figures 6 and 7 to Part 1512 - Toe Clearance and Chain Guard Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

16 Ç Commercial Practices Ç 2 Ç 2010-01-01 Ç 2010-01-01 Ç false Ç Toe Clearance and Chain Guard Requirements Ç 6 Ç Figures 6 and 7 to Part 1512 Ç Commercial Practices Ç CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Ç FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS Ç REQUIREMENTS FOR BICYCLES Ç Pt. 1512, Figs....

2010-01-01

451

16 CFR Figures 6 and 7 to Part 1512 - Toe Clearance and Chain Guard Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

16 Ç Commercial Practices Ç 2 Ç 2009-01-01 Ç 2009-01-01 Ç false Ç Toe Clearance and Chain Guard Requirements Ç 6 Ç Figures 6 and 7 to Part 1512 Ç Commercial Practices Ç CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Ç FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS Ç REQUIREMENTS FOR BICYCLES Ç Pt. 1512, Figs....

2009-01-01

452

Frequency domain equalization of DMT\\/OFDM systems with insufficient guard interval  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new, generalized approach for equalization of discrete multi-tone (DMT) systems, which not only uses redundancy in the time domain by adding a guard interval, but also takes advantage of existing or intentionally placed redundancy in the frequency domain. For this purpose, we replace the one tap frequency equalizer in the DMT receiver by a block equalizer and

Steffen Trautmann; Tanja Karp; Norbert J. Fliege

2002-01-01

453

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW UNDERRIDE GUARDS FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN TRUCKS AND CARS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a consequence of the lack of effective rear underride guards attached to trucks, trailers and semi-trailers, rear underride crashes are responsible for thousands of deaths every year throughout the world. In an attempt to reverse this situation, cooperative work was started between a Brazilian university and local car and truck industries, whose main goals were to design, construct and

José Ricardo Lenzi Mariolani

454

The US Army and National Guard Vibration Management Enhancement Program (VMEP): Data Analysis and Statistical Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Army and South Carolina National Guard have developed automated vibration monitoring and fault diagnostic tools as part of the Vibration Management Enhancement Program (VMEP). VMEP is intended to improve the operations and support activities by keeping the maintainers aware of the health of the critical dynamic components of their aircraft. This paper outlines the program results to date.

Paul Grabill; Tom Brotherton; John Berry

455

Conditional expression of women's desires and men's mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle.  

PubMed

Thirty-eight normally cycling women provided daily reports of sexual interests and feelings for 35 days. Near ovulation, both pair-bonded and single women reported feeling more physically attractive and having greater interest in attending social gatherings where they might meet men. Pair-bonded women who were near ovulation reported greater extra-pair flirtation and greater mate guarding by their primary partner. As predicted, however, these effects were exhibited primarily by women who perceived their partners to be low on hypothesized good genes indicators (low in sexual attractiveness relative to investment attractiveness). Ovulation-contingent increases in partner mate guarding were also moderated by female physical attractiveness; midcycle increases in mate guarding were experienced primarily by less attractive women, whereas more attractive women experienced relatively high levels of mate guarding throughout their cycle. These findings demonstrate ovulation-contingent shifts in desires and behaviors that are sensitive to varying fitness payoffs, and they provide support for the good genes hypothesis of human female extra-pair mating. The daily assessment method provides an important supplement to existing studies using scheduled laboratory visits as the purpose of the study (examining cycle-related variation) is not known by participants. PMID:16403409

Haselton, Martie G; Gangestad, Steven W

2006-04-01

456

The ARP2/3 complex mediates guard cell actin reorganization and stomatal movement in Arabidopsis.  

PubMed

Guard cell actin reorganization has been observed in stomatal responses to a wide array of stimuli. However, how the guard cell signaling machinery regulates actin dynamics is poorly understood. Here, we report the identification of an allele of the Arabidopsis thaliana ACTIN-RELATED PROTEIN C2/DISTORTED TRICHOMES2 (ARPC2) locus (encoding the ARPC2 subunit of the ARP2/3 complex) designated high sugar response3 (hsr3). The hsr3 mutant showed increased transpirational water loss that was mainly due to a lesion in stomatal regulation. Stomatal bioassay analyses revealed that guard cell sensitivity to external stimuli, such as abscisic acid (ABA), CaCl(2), and light/dark transition, was reduced or abolished in hsr3. Analysis of a nonallelic mutant of the ARP2/3 complex suggested no pleiotropic effect of ARPC2 beyond its function in the complex in regard to stomatal regulation. When treated with ABA, guard cell actin filaments underwent fast disruption in wild-type plants, whereas those in hsr3 remained largely bundled. The ABA insensitivity phenotype of hsr3 was rescued by cytochalasin D treatment, suggesting that the aberrant stomatal response was a consequence of bundled actin filaments. Our work indicates that regulation of actin reassembly through ARP2/3 complex activity is crucial for stomatal regulation. PMID:22570440

Jiang, Kun; Sorefan, Karim; Deeks, Michael J; Bevan, Michael W; Hussey, Patrick J; Hetherington, Alistair M

2012-05-01

457

Simulation of the Guard Control Station in a Computerized Site Security Monitor and Response System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a mock-up of a Guard Control Station that was used in simulating the performance of this component of a Computerized Site Security Monitor and Response System. The mock-up was interconnected to three microcomputer systems in an arran...

R. T. Moore A. W. Holt A. L. Koenig A. Mink G. Nacht

1983-01-01

458

Fern and Lycophyte Guard Cells Do Not Respond to Endogenous Abscisic Acid  

PubMed Central

Stomatal guard cells regulate plant photosynthesis and transpiration. Central to the control of seed plant stomatal movement is the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA); however, differences in the sensitivity of guard cells to this ubiquitous chemical have been reported across land plant lineages. Using a phylogenetic approach to investigate guard cell control, we examined the diversity of stomatal responses to endogenous ABA and leaf water potential during water stress. We show that although all species respond similarly to leaf water deficit in terms of enhanced levels of ABA and closed stomata, the function of fern and lycophyte stomata diverged strongly from seed plant species upon rehydration. When instantaneously rehydrated from a water-stressed state, fern and lycophyte stomata rapidly reopened to predrought levels despite the high levels of endogenous ABA in the leaf. In seed plants under the same conditions, high levels of ABA in the leaf prevented rapid reopening of stomata. We conclude that endogenous ABA synthesized by ferns and lycophytes plays little role in the regulation of transpiration, with stomata passively responsive to leaf water potential. These results support a gradualistic model of stomatal control evolution, offering opportunities for molecular and guard cell biochemical studies to gain further insights into stomatal control.

McAdam, Scott A.M.; Brodribb, Timothy J.

2012-01-01

459

[Use of an aerosol generator (Guard) to control injurious insects in forestry, agriculture, and medical disinsection].  

PubMed

The Guard aerosol generator is a universal multioperational device without a field-of-use restriction in the application of permitted chemical and biological substances, by combining the function of a controlled dispersion aerosol generator and a remote small- and large-drop sprayer in one mechanism and can use aerosol pesticides. The drop fractionation range is as follows: 3-50, 50-100, 100-300, and 200-400 microm for aerosol, dead water, small-drop, and large-drop spraying, respectively, with smooth and step control of working liquid drops. Treatment using the Guard generator has been shown to be highly effective against agricultural and forestry pests. This paper describes the advantages of the Guard sprayer over those of the conventional air and ground ones. The long-term use of the Guard generator to control mosquitoes and ticks in the Tyumen region could substantially improve the epidemiological situation of tick-borne infections and protect children's recreation centers from attacks of bloodsuckers. PMID:22774514

Abdraziakov, O N; Ermishev, Iu V; Levkov, P A

2012-01-01

460

75 FR 24482 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2010 Management Measures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2010 Management Measures...management measures for the 2010 ocean salmon fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California and the 2011 salmon seasons opening earlier than May...

2010-05-05

461

77 FR 25915 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2012 Management Measures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2012 Management Measures...management measures for the 2012 ocean salmon fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California and the 2013 salmon seasons opening earlier than May...

2012-05-02

462

76 FR 32876 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2011 Management Measures; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2011 Management Measures...management measures for the 2011 ocean salmon fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California and the 2012 salmon seasons opening earlier than May...

2011-06-07

463

76 FR 25246 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2011 Management Measures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2011 Management Measures...management measures for the 2011 ocean salmon fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California and the 2012 salmon seasons opening earlier than May...

2011-05-04

464

78 FR 25865 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2013 Management Measures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; 2013 Management Measures...management measures for the 2013 ocean salmon fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California and the 2014 salmon seasons opening earlier than May...

2013-05-03

465

Improved mean shift algorithm based on a dual patterns merging Robinson guard filter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mean shift, which is widely used in many target tracking systems, is a very effective algorithm to track the target. But the traditional mean shift tracking algorithm is limited to track an infrared small target. In infrared prewarning and tracking systems, the traditional mean shift tracking algorithm cannot achieve accurate tracking result due to that the target is weakened and submerged in the background noise. So in this paper, a compositive mean shift algorithm is put forward. In this algorithm, firstly on the basis of background suppression and division, noise is suppressed by an extraordinary Robinson Guard Filter. This paper adopts a dual patterns merging Robinson Guard Filter which is different from the traditional Robinson Guard Filter. According to the point target's anisotropic singularity in space, this dual patterns merging Robinson Guard Filter can divide the direction further and detect singularity accurately in different directions in order to obtain better effect. The dual patterns merging Robinson Guard Filter's improvement is that it adopts the horizontal and vertical direction window and the diagonal direction window whose protective belt width are both two at the same time to increase the probability of point target detection. The filter separately detects the two directions and merges the results in order to boost the effect of keeping back the details of the target. At the same time, it can also boost the effect of background suppression as much as possible and reduce the false alarm rate. At last the system can achieve ideal detection performance. After filtering, an image in which the point target and the background are distinguished is acquired. Then in the mean shift algorithm, we use the acquired image for target tracking. The results of experiment show that this improved mean shift algorithm can reduce failure probability of prewarning and track infrared small targets steadily and accurately.

Wang, Fei; Chen, Qian; Miao, Zhuang; Zhao, Tie-kun; Chen, Hai-xin

2013-09-01

466

United States Coast Pilot 2. Atlantic Coast: Cape Cod to Sandy Hook (Seventeenth Edition).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

United States Coast Pilots are a series of nine nautical books that cover a wide variety of information important to navigators of U.S. coastal and intracoastal waters, and the waters of the Great Lakes. This volume of Coast Pilot 2, Atlantic Coast, Cape ...

1982-01-01

467

Viability analysis of endangered Gulf Coast beach mice ( Peromyscus polionotus) populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beach mice, endangered subspecies of oldfield mice (Peromyscus polionotus), occur in a few, isolated populations along the Gulf Coast of Alabama and Florida, USA. To provide information needed for the management of these species, we conducted population viability analyses (PVA) using a stochastic differential equation (Wiener-drift) model applied to long-term demographic data for four populations of beach mice. In the

Madan K. Oli; Nicholas R. Holler; Michael C. Wooten

2001-01-01

468

Guard Cell Purification and RNA Isolation Suitable for High Throughput Transcriptional Analysis of Cell-Type Responses to Biotic Stresses  

PubMed Central

Stomata, the micro-pores on leaf surface, are formed by a pair of guard cells. In addition to control water loss and gas exchange between the plant and the environment, these cells act as immunity gates to prevent pathogen invasion of the plant apoplast. Here, we report a brief procedure to obtain highly pure guard cell preparations using conditions that preserve the guard cell transcriptome as much as possible for a robust high-throughput RNA sequence analysis. The advantages of this procedure included: 1) substantial shortening of the time required for obtaining high yield of >97% pure guard cell protoplasts (GCP), 2) extraction of enough amount of high quality RNA for direct sequencing, and 3) limited RNA decay during sample manipulation. Gene expression analysis by RT-qPCR revealed that wound-related genes were not induced during release of guard cells from leaves. To validate our approach, we performed a high throughput deep-sequencing of guard cell transcriptome (RNA-seq). A total of 18,994 nuclear-encoded transcripts was detected, which expanded the transcriptome by 70%. The optimized GCP isolation and RNA extraction protocols are simple, reproducible, and fast allowing the discovery of genes and regulatory networks inherent to the guard cells under various stresses.

Obulareddy, Nisita; Panchal, Shweta; Melotto, Maeli

2014-01-01

469

33 CFR 401.20 - Automatic Identification System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...reports using differential GPS corrections from the U.S. and Canadian Coast Guards' maritime Differential Global Positioning System radiobeacon services; or (7) The use of a temporary unit meeting the requirements of paragraphs...

2012-07-01

470

33 CFR 401.20 - Automatic Identification System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...reports using differential GPS corrections from the U.S. and Canadian Coast Guards' maritime Differential Global Positioning System radiobeacon services; or (7) The use of a temporary unit meeting the requirements of paragraphs...

2011-07-01

471

33 CFR 401.20 - Automatic Identification System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...reports using differential GPS corrections from the U.S. and Canadian Coast Guards' maritime Differential Global Positioning System radiobeacon services; or (7) The use of a temporary unit meeting the requirements of paragraphs...

2013-07-01

472

Big Sur Coast Land Use Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

the plan contained in these pages is the Land Use Plan for the Big Sur Coast segment of Monterey County's Local Coastal Program. This plan supersedes the Monterey County Coast Master Plan adopted in 1962 and in effect for twenty two years. As the primary ...

1986-01-01

473

Gulf Coast Community College's Memory Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gulf Coast Community College in Panama City, Florida, is celebrating a fifty-year anniversary in 2007. Maintained by the library, the school's archives represent the historical contributions on a local and national level. Gulf Coast Community College library is ensuring the school's historical significance through the digitization of its…

Burrell, Matthew D.

2005-01-01

474

Gulf Coast Community College' Memory Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gulf Coast Community College in Panama City, Florida, is celebrating a fifty-year anniversary in 2007. Maintained by the library, the school' archives represent the historical contributions on a local and national level. Gulf Coast Community College library is ensuring the school' historical significance through the digitization of its materials. This article describes an archival project including sorting, preservation, and digitizing

Matthew D. Burrell

2007-01-01

475

Circulation along the Mexican Caribbean coast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from an array of seven subsurface upward-looking moored Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) and four subsurface pressure sensors deployed from August 2002 to August 2003 along the Caribbean coast of Mexico showed that the currents in the area have a predominant northeastward direction along the coast, are coherent within the upper 130 m of the water column, and have

P. Cetina; J. Candela; J. Sheinbaum; J. Ochoa; A. Badan

2006-01-01

476

Reflections on North American Pacific Coast prehistory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pacific Coast of North America was occupied by many distinctive groups of coastal hunter-gatherers at the times of early contacts with Europeans. Despite significant cultural diversity, Pacific Coast peoples shared lifeways oriented toward generally similar marine, nearshore, littoral, and estuarine habitats. In this paper, we examine some major issues that guide much of the archaeology done along the Pacific

Madonna L. Moss; Jon M. Erlandson

1995-01-01

477

Discovering the "-Ologies" on the Jurassic Coast  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jurassic Coast is Britain's only natural World Heritage site, a tangible time-line that takes one through 185 million years of history in 95 miles of coast. It provides individuals with a world-famous educational resource and an unrivalled outdoor classroom that has played a key role in the study of earth sciences. The author is keen to ignite…

Peacock, Alan

2007-01-01

478

OFDM Transmission Characteristics where the Delay Profile Exceeds the Guard Interval in Nakagami-Rice Fading Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to evaluate the effect of Nakagami-Rice fading on Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) signal transmission when the delay profile exceeds the guard interval, a simple prediction model is developed by extending the Equivalent Transmission-Path (ETP) model for Rayleigh fading. The validity of the model is demonstrated by comparing the calculated values of BER to those obtained by computer simulation. Using the newly developed ETP-OFDM model, digital transmission characteristics of the OFDM signal in a multipath environment when the delay profile exceeds the guard interval are shown as a function of K factor, delay spread, guard interval and OFDM symbol period.

Karasawa, Yoshio; Vanmany, Changarkame

479

76 FR 66965 - Treasure Coast Specialty Pharmacy Decision and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...11-68] Treasure Coast Specialty Pharmacy Decision and Order On September 14...issued to Treasure Coast Specialty Pharmacy, be, and it hereby is, revoked. I...application of Treasure Coast Specialty Pharmacy, to renew or modify his...

2011-10-28

480

50 CFR 660.518 - Pacific Coast Treaty Indian Rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Pacific Coast Treaty Indian Rights. 660.518 Section 660.518 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...OFF WEST COAST STATES Coastal Pelagics Fisheries § 660.518 Pacific Coast Treaty Indian Rights....

2013-10-01

481

The natural history of nest defence in a stingless bee, Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), with two distinct types of entrance guards.  

PubMed

The stingless bee Tetragonsica angustula (Latreille) is the only social bee known that has two different types of nest entrance guards. As in other stingless bees and the honey bee one type stands on, in or near the nest entrance. The second type, so far only known in T. angustula, hovers near the nest entrance. In order to gain further understanding of this unique situation we studied guarding behaviour in both types of guards. Using marked bees, we found that individual worker bees guarded for a long time, up to 20 days, relative to their short, average c. 21 day, lifespan. Relatively few, 33%, individually marked guards were seen performing both types of guarding. The others only acted as standing guards. The bees that did perform both types did so over similar periods of their life. Hovering bouts were 57 min long, interrupted by breaks inside the hive of a few minutes (3.3 ± 1.5 min). Standing bouts were slightly longer (74 min) and also interrupted by short breaks (7.82 ± 6.45 min). Human breath, mimicking a vertebrate intruder, caused the guards to retreat into the nest rather than to attack the intruder. Some colonies protected themselves against intruders by closing the entrance during the night (32% and 56% of colonies during two nights). In summary, our results indicate that nest entrance guarding in T. angustula involves division of labour between the two types, in which most guarding individuals only act as standing guards. PMID:21437483

Grüter, C; Kärcher, M H; Ratnieks, F L W

2011-01-01

482

78 FR 10557 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Amendment 17 to the Salmon Fishery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Amendment 17 to the Salmon Fishery Management Plan AGENCY: National Marine...to implement Amendment 17 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Fishery Management Plan for Commercial and...

2013-02-14

483

77 FR 75101 - Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Amendment 17 to the Salmon Fishery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fisheries Off West Coast States; West Coast Salmon Fisheries; Amendment 17 to the Salmon Fishery Management Plan AGENCY: National Marine...to implement Amendment 17 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Fishery Management Plan for Commercial and...

2012-12-19

484

"Comfortable Camps?" Archaeology of the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can we best learn about the world around us? The talented individuals at the National Park Service have continued to answer this question by carefully creating the Teaching with Historic Places Lessons over the past few years. Each lesson plan contains teaching guides, activities, and helpful primary documents. This plan looks at the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade in South Carolina, and offers some tremendous insights into what life was like for the guards there. The lesson includes a thematic essay about the historical context of the lesson, along with maps, visual evidence in the form of site plans and artifacts, and helpful first-person narratives by those who were there. The activities here are a real pip, as they include a template for students seeking to build their own campground. [KMG

485

Can prolonged exposure to low VPD disturb the ABA signalling in stomatal guard cells?  

PubMed Central

The response of stomata to many environmental factors is well documented. Multiple signalling pathways for abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure have been proposed over the last decades. However, it seems that exposure of a leaf for a long time (several days) to some environmental conditions generates a sort of memory in the guard cells that results in the loss of suitable responses of the stomata to closing stimuli, such as desiccation and ABA. In this review paper we discuss changes in the normal pattern of signal transduction that could account for disruption of guard cell signalling after long-term exposure to some environmental conditions, with special emphasis on long-term low vapour pressure deficit (VPD).

Aliniaeifard, Sasan

2013-01-01

486

Uncertainty Analysis on the Design of Thermal Conductivity Measurement by a Guarded Cut-Bar Technique  

SciTech Connect

A technique adapted from the guarded-comparative-longitudinal heat flow method was selected for the measurement of the thermal conductivity of a nuclear fuel compact over a temperature range characteristic of its usage. This technique fulfills the requirement for non-destructive measurement of the composite compact. Although numerous measurement systems have been created based on the guarded comparative method, comprehensive systematic (bias) and measurement (precision) uncertainty associated with this technique have not been fully analyzed. Using finite element modeling, this paper presents the study of two types of error sources in the thermal conductivity measurement process: sample and system geometries and working conditions. The results and conclusions provide valuable reference for designing and operating an experimental measurement system using this technique.

Jeff Phillips

2011-07-01

487

Uncertainty Analysis on the Design of Thermal Conductivity Measurement by a Guarded Cut-Bar Technique  

SciTech Connect

A technique adapted from the guarded-comparative-longitudinal heat flow method was selected for the measurement of the thermal conductivity of a nuclear fuel compact over a temperature range characteristic of its usage. This technique fulfills the requirement for non-destructive measurement of the composite compact. Although numerous measurement systems have been created based on the guarded comparative method, comprehensive systematic (bias) and measurement (precision) uncertainty associated with this technique have not been fully analyzed. In addition to the geometric effect in the bias error, which has been analyzed previously, this paper studies the working condition which is another potential error source. Using finite element analysis, this study showed the effect of these two types of error sources in the thermal conductivity measurement process and the limitations in the design selection of various parameters by considering their effect on the precision error. The results and conclusions provide valuable reference for designing and operating an experimental measurement system using this technique.

Jeff Phillips; Changhu Xing; Colby Jensen; Heng Ban1

2011-07-01

488

Preliminary assessment report for National Guard Facility, Installation 25255, Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Massachusetts Army National Guard (MAARNG) property known as the Rehoboth National Guard Facility (RNGF) in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for ftirther action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the RNGF property, phase I of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The scope of this assessment is limited to the facilities under the control of the MAARNG and the past activities contained within that area.

Haffenden, R.; Flaim, S.; Krokosz, M.

1993-08-01

489

Effects of proton irradiation on SiGe HBTs implemented with isolation guard rings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects of proton irradiation on SiGe HBTs implemented with isolation guard rings are investigated in this work. Different from what was shown in any of the previous radiation tolerance studies, a distinctive increase of the emitter current after proton irradiation was observed on a measured inverse-mode Gummel plot from the SiGe HBTs implemented with isolation guard rings. Detailed device measurements and modeling revealed a new SiGe HBT degradation mechanism under proton irradiation. It is found that the increase of the emitter current measured in the inverse-mode Gummel plot comes from the degradation of the substrate-collector (buried layer) junction diode associated with the SiGe HBTs. Furthermore, we identified that the radiation damages in the substrate-collector junction near the deep trench edges are solely responsible for the observed degradation of radiation tolerance. The potential impact of this radiation damage to device operation is discussed.

Jiang, Ningyue; Cho, Namki; Ma, Zhenqiang

2010-12-01

490

Prevalence of disabled people involved in Spanish Civil Guard's police activity.  

PubMed

Improving interventions with victims and offenders with disabilities requires analysis of the degree of prevalence of crimes in which these people are involved. For this purpose, data regarding interventions made by the Spanish Civil Guard between 2008 and 2010, in which 2099 people had some kind of disability, have been collected and analyzed, with particular regard to criminal offenses (felonies and/or misdemeanors). In this study, the relationship between the types of disability a person has and other variables like their connection to the incident, their gender, age, the relationship between victim and perpetrator, and the time and place of the events were all taken into consideration. The results show that most of the victims with disabilities served by the Spanish Civil Guard were male. The interventions were mainly aid and rescues. Criminal offenses were only 20% of the events. PMID:24029801

González, José L; Cendra, Jacobo; Manzanero, Antonio L

2013-11-01

491

Sex differences in mating strategies: Mate guarding, infidelity and multiple concurrent sex partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated sex differences in post-copulatory mate guarding behaviors, jealous reactions to opposite- versus same-sex infidelity, and preferences for multiple concurrent sex partners. Results of a questionnaire administered to 448 college students showed that: (1) females were more likely to initiate the practice of sleeping with their partner after sexual intercourse; (2) males were more distressed by opposite-sex infidelity, whereas

Susan M. Hughes; Marissa A. Harrison; Gordon G. Gallup

2004-01-01

492

Estimation algorithm for stochastic linear hybrid systems with quadratic guard conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hybrid estimation problem involves computation of both the continuous state and the discrete state estimates of a hybrid system from the measurements. In our earlier work, we have developed an algorithm, called the State-Dependent-Transition Hybrid Estimation (STDHE) algorithm which treats the discrete-state transitions to be dependent on the continuous state and governed by guard conditions in the linear form.

Weiyi Liu; Chze Eng Seah; Inseok Hwang

2009-01-01

493

Measurement of guard-cell respiration rates using Cartesian-diver technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dark respiration rates of guard-cell protoplasts of Commelina communis L. were measured over a temperature range (15–30° C) using a Cartesian-diver microrespirometry technique. Measurements were made using a few microliters of suspension medium containing between 400 and 3 700 protoplasts. Respiration rates were approximately linear for at least 1 h at all temperatures. Respiration rates increased rapidly between 20 and

K. Birkenhead; J. Laybourn-Parry; C. Willmer

1985-01-01

494

Males on guard: paternity defences in violet-green swallows and tree swallows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paternity-defence behaviour in two congeners, violet-green swallows,Tachycineta thalassina, and tree swallows,T. bicolor, was compared to identify ecological factors that influence how males avoid being cuckolded. Measurements of the proportion of time that mates spent together, their following behaviour and the rate of within-pair copulations revealed that male violet-green swallows allocated more time to guarding mates than nests and copulated with

BARBARA A. BEASLEY

1996-01-01

495

Mechanisms of fusicoccin action: kinetic modification and inactivation of K + channels in guard cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fusicoccin commonly is thought to promote secondary solute transport via an increase in electrical driving force which follows the enhancement of primary, “electrogenic” H+ extrusion by the plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase. However, previous electrical studies ofVicia faba L. guard cells in FC (Blatt, 1988, Planta174, 187) demonstrated, in addition to a limited rise in pump current, appreciable declines in membrane

Michael R. Blatt; Gill M. Clint

1989-01-01

496

Conditional expression of women's desires and men's mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-eight normally cycling women provided daily reports of sexual interests and feelings for 35 days. Near ovulation, both pair-bonded and single women reported feeling more physically attractive and having greater interest in attending social gatherings where they might meet men. Pair-bonded women who were near ovulation reported greater extra-pair flirtation and greater mate guarding by their primary partner. As predicted,

Martie G. Haselton; Steven W. Gangestad

2006-01-01

497

Mixed Methods in a Post-Deployment Study of U.S. Army National Guard Soldiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixed methods research combines quantitative and qualitative methodologies to achieve a product that is more than the sum of its parts. Here, the authors combine two different data reduction techniques—factor and content analyses of quantitative and qualitative data, respectively—to tap the dimensions of deployment-related variables among U.S. Army National Guard (ARNG) soldiers: stressors and supports, resilience, post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms,

Wilbur J. Scott; David R. McCone; Lisa Sayegh; Joe Don Looney; Robert J. Jackson

2011-01-01

498

Dramatic reduction of optical crosstalk in deep-submicrometer CMOS imager with air gap guard ring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dielectric structure, air gap guard ring, has been successfully developed to reduce optical crosstalk thus improving pixel sensitivity of CMOS image sensor with 0.18-?m technology. Based on refraction index (RI) differences between dielectric films (RI = 1.4 ? 1.6) and air gap (RI = 1), total internal reflection occurred at dielectric-film\\/air-gap interface, thus the incident light is concentrated in

T. H. Hsu; Y. K. Fang; D. N. Yaung; S. G. Wuu; H. C. Chien; C. S. Wang; J. S. Lin; C. H. Tseng; S. F. Chen; C. S. Lin

2004-01-01

499

Blue light-dependent proton extrusion by guard-cell protoplasts of Vicia faba  

Microsoft Academic Search

In plant leaves, light regulation of stomatal movement, and hence of gas exchange1, involves a non-photosynthetic photosensory system sensitive to blue light2-6, which transduces many other plant movement responses. The exact nature of the primary photo-reactions of this system is still not known7. Stomatal opening is, in general, based on swelling of the guard cells driven by ion uptake1, and

K. Shimazaki; M. Iino; E. Zeiger

1986-01-01

500

30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...any person, or shall require the use of improved methods to prevent such contact. Temporary guards shall be provided where trackmen and other persons are required to work in proximity to trolley wires and trolley feeder...

2009-07-01